[House Report 115-997]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]


115th Congress    }                                   {       Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session       }                                   {       115-997

======================================================================



 
             STRENGTHENING COASTAL COMMUNITIES ACT OF 2018

                                _______
                                

October 30, 2018.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Bishop of Utah, from the Committee on Natural Resources, submitted 
                             the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 5787]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Natural Resources, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 5787) to amend the Coastal Barrier Resources Act 
to give effect to more accurate maps of units of the John H. 
Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System that were produced by 
digital mapping of such units, and for other purposes, having 
considered the same, report favorably thereon with an amendment 
and recommend that the bill as amended do pass.
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Strengthening Coastal Communities Act 
of 2018''.

SEC. 2. REPLACEMENT OF JOHN H. CHAFEE COASTAL BARRIER RESOURCES SYSTEM 
                    MAPS.

  (a) In General.--Subject to subsection (c), each map included in the 
set of maps referred to in section 4(a) of the Coastal Barrier 
Resources Act (16 U.S.C. 3503(a)) that relates to a Unit of such System 
referred to in subsection (b) of this section is replaced in such set 
with the map described in subsection (b) with respect to that Unit.
  (b) Replacement Maps Described.--The replacement maps referred to in 
subsection (a) are the following:
          (1) The map entitled ``Delaware Seashore Unit DE-07/DE-07P 
        North Bethany Beach Unit H01'' and dated March 18, 2016, with 
        respect to Unit DE-07, Unit DE-07P, and Unit H01.
          (2) The map entitled ``Pine Island Bay Unit NC-01/NC-01P'' 
        and dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit NC-01 and Unit 
        NC-01P.
          (3) The map entitled ``Roosevelt Natural Area Unit NC-05P'' 
        and dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit NC-05P.
          (4) The map entitled ``Hammocks Beach Unit NC-06/NC-06P (2 of 
        2) Onslow Beach Complex L05 (1 of 2)'' and dated March 18, 
        2016, with respect to Unit L05.
          (5) The map entitled ``Onslow Beach Complex L05 (2 of 2) 
        Topsail Unit L06 (1 of 2)'' and dated November 20, 2013, with 
        respect to Unit L05 and Unit L06.
          (6) The map entitled ``Topsail Unit L06 (2 of 2)'' and dated 
        November 20, 2013, with respect to Unit L06.
          (7) The map entitled ``Litchfield Beach Unit M02 Pawleys 
        Inlet Unit M03'' and dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit 
        M02 and Unit M03.
          (8) The map entitled ``Fort Clinch Unit FL-01/FL-01P'' and 
        dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit FL-01 and Unit FL-
        01P.
          (9) The map entitled ``Usina Beach Unit P04A Conch Island 
        Unit P05/P05P'' and dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit 
        P04A, Unit P05, and Unit P05P.
          (10) The map entitled ``Ponce Inlet Unit P08/P08P'' and dated 
        March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit P08 and Unit P08P.
          (11) The map entitled ``Spessard Holland Park Unit FL-13P 
        Coconut Point Unit P09A/P09AP'' and dated March 18, 2016, with 
        respect to Unit FL-13P, Unit P09A, and Unit P09AP.
          (12) The map entitled ``Blue Hole Unit P10A Pepper Beach Unit 
        FL-14P'' and dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit P10A 
        and Unit FL-14P.
          (13) The map entitled ``Hutchinson Island Unit P11/P11P (1 of 
        2)'' and dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit P11 and 
        Unit P11P.
          (14) The map entitled ``Hutchinson Island Unit P11 (2 of 2)'' 
        and dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit P11.
          (15) The map entitled ``Blowing Rocks Unit FL-15 Jupiter 
        Beach Unit FL-16P Carlin Unit FL-17P'' and dated March 18, 
        2016, with respect to Unit FL-15, Unit FL-16P, and Unit FL-17P.
          (16) The map entitled ``MacArthur Beach Unit FL-18P'' and 
        dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit FL-18P.
          (17) The map entitled ``Birch Park Unit FL-19P'' and dated 
        March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit FL-19P.
          (18) The map entitled ``Lloyd Beach Unit FL-20P North Beach 
        Unit P14A'' and dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit FL-
        20P and Unit P14A.
          (19) The map entitled ``Tavernier Key Unit FL-39 Snake Creek 
        Unit FL-40'' and dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit FL-
        39 and Unit FL-40.
          (20) The map entitled ``Channel Key Unit FL-43 Toms Harbor 
        Keys Unit FL-44 Deer/Long Point Keys Unit FL-45'' and dated 
        March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit FL-43, Unit FL-44, and FL-
        45.
          (21) The map entitled ``Boot Key Unit FL-46'' and dated March 
        18, 2016, with respect to Unit FL-46.
          (22) The map entitled ``Bowditch Point Unit P17A Bunche Beach 
        Unit FL-67/FL-67P Sanibel Island Complex P18P (1 of 2)'' and 
        dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit P17A, Unit FL-67, 
        and Unit FL-67P.
          (23) The map entitled ``Bocilla Island Unit P21/P21P'' and 
        dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit P21 and Unit P21P.
          (24) The map entitled ``Venice Inlet Unit FL-71P Casey Key 
        Unit P22'' and dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit P22.
          (25) The map entitled ``Lido Key Unit FL-72P'' and dated 
        March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit FL-72P.
          (26) The map entitled ``De Soto Unit FL-73P Rattlesnake Key 
        Unit FL-78 Bishop Harbor Unit FL-82'' and dated March 18, 2016, 
        with respect to Unit FL-73P, Unit FL-78, and Unit FL-82.
          (27) The map entitled ``Passage Key Unit FL-80P Egmont Key 
        Unit FL-81/FL-81P The Reefs Unit P24P (1 of 2)'' and dated 
        March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit FL-80P, Unit FL-81, and 
        Unit FL-81P.
          (28) The map entitled ``Cockroach Bay Unit FL-83'' and dated 
        March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit FL-83.
          (29) The map entitled ``Sand Key Unit FL-85P'' and dated 
        March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit FL-85P.
          (30) The map entitled ``Pepperfish Keys Unit P26'' and dated 
        March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit P26.
          (31) The map entitled ``Peninsula Point Unit FL-89'' and 
        dated March 18, 2016, with respect to Unit FL-89.
          (32) The map entitled ``Phillips Inlet Unit FL-93/FL-93P Deer 
        Lake Complex FL-94'' and dated March 18, 2016, with respect to 
        Unit FL-93, Unit FL-93P, and Unit FL-94.
          (33) The map entitled ``St. Andrew Complex P31 (1 of 3)'' and 
        dated October 7, 2016, with respect to Unit P31.
          (34) The map entitled ``St. Andrew Complex P31 (2 of 3)'' and 
        dated October 7, 2016, with respect to Unit P31.
          (35) The map entitled ``St. Andrew Complex P31/P31P (3 of 
        3)'' and dated October 7, 2016, with respect to Unit P31 and 
        Unit P31P.
  (c) Limitations.--For purposes of subsection (a)--
          (1) nothing in this section affects the boundaries of any of 
        Units NC-06 and NC-06P;
          (2) the occurrence in subsection (b) of the name of a Unit 
        solely in the title of a map shall not be construed to be a 
        reference to such Unit; and
          (3) the depiction of boundaries of any of Units P18P, FL-71P, 
        and P24P in a map referred to in paragraph (22), (24), or (27) 
        of subsection (b) shall not be construed to affect the 
        boundaries of such Unit.
  (d) Conforming Amendment.--Section 4(a) of the Coastal Barrier 
Resources Act (16 U.S.C. 3503(a)) is amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``replaced,'' after ``may be''; and
          (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``replaces such a map or'' 
        after ``that specifically''.

SEC. 3. DIGITAL MAPS OF JOHN H. CHAFEE COASTAL BARRIER RESOURCES SYSTEM 
                    UNITS.

  Section 4(b) of the Coastal Barrier Resources Act (16 U.S.C. 3503(b)) 
is amended--
          (1) by inserting before the first sentence the following:
          ``(1) In general.--''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) Digital maps.--
                  ``(A) Availability.--The Secretary shall make 
                available to the public on the Internet web site of the 
                United States Fish and Wildlife Service digital 
                versions of the maps included in the set of maps 
                referred to in subsection (a).
                  ``(B) Effect.--Any determination as to whether a 
                location is inside or outside the System shall be made 
                without regard to the digital maps available under this 
                paragraph, except that this subparagraph does not apply 
                with respect to any printed version of such a digital 
                map if the printed version is included in the maps 
                referred to in subsection (a).''.

                          Purpose of the Bill

    The purpose of H.R. 5787 is to amend the Coastal Barrier 
Resources Act to give effect to more accurate maps of units of 
the John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System that were 
produced by digital mapping of such units.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    In 1981, due to the high risk that coastal developments 
carry, Congress directed the Secretary of the Interior to draw 
maps designating undeveloped coastal barriers unsuitable for 
new federal development subsidies, including federal flood 
insurance.\1\ In 1982 Congress enacted the Coastal Barrier 
Resources Act (CBRA, 16 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). CBRA established 
the Coastal Barrier Resources System (CBRS) administered by the 
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS).\2\ CBRS units are 
depicted on maps on file with the USFWS. CBRA prohibits the use 
of federal dollars to subsidize new development on CBRS units, 
except for limited exceptions such as maintenance of federal 
navigation channels and military readiness.\3\ The Coastal 
Barrier Improvement Act of 1990 added ``Otherwise Protected 
Areas'' (OPAs) to the CBRS.\4\ While CBRS units carry the full 
funding prohibitions of CBRA, structures within OPAs\5\ are 
prohibited only from receiving flood insurance under the 
National Flood Insurance Program.\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\Public Law 97-35 Sec. 341(d), Omnibus Budget and Reconciliation 
Act.
    \2\Public Law 97-348, Coastal Barrier Resources Act.
    \3\16 U.S.C. 3505.
    \4\Public Law 101-591, Coastal Barrier Improvement Act of 1990.
    \5\As defined by Public Law 101-591, otherwise protected areas may 
be comprised of ``undeveloped coastal barrier[s] within the boundaries 
of an area established under Federal, State, or local law, or held by a 
qualified organization, primarily for wildlife refuge, sanctuary, 
recreational, or natural resource conservation purposes''.
    \6\42 U.S.C. 4028(b), National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 as 
amended by Public Law 101-591.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    CBRA was intended to impact only coastal areas that were 
undeveloped at the time of enactment so that existing coastal 
communities would not be adversely affected. Further, CBRA did 
not apply to the approximately 47% of coastal areas that were 
undeveloped but already protected by existing law.\7\ At the 
time of enactment, approximately 13% of coastal areas along the 
Atlantic and Gulf Coasts were undeveloped and unprotected,\8\ 
and the original CBRS included approximately 590,000 acres.\9\ 
In 2002, USFWS published a report commemorating the 20th 
anniversary of CBRA. This report conservatively estimated that 
the program was on track to save taxpayers $1.3 billion through 
2010 and that an additional $200 million in federal disaster 
relief could be saved by 2050.\10\ Furthermore, a 2007 
Government Accounting Office report found that approximately 
84% of CBRS units remained undeveloped, and only 3% of units 
have experienced significant development since the passage of 
CBRA.\11\ Currently the CBRS consists of 3.3 million acres in 
23 states and territories along the Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, 
Great Lakes, U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico coasts.\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\S. Rpt. No. 97-419, Senate Committee on Environment and Public 
Works Report to accompany S. 1018, p. 1.
    \8\Id.
    \9\The Coastal Barrier Resources Act: Harnessing the Power of 
Market Forces to Conserve America's Coasts and Save Taxpayers' Money; 
United States Fish and Wildlife Service Report; August 2002; p. 1.
    \10\Id., p. 2.
    \11\Coastal Barrier Resources System: Status of Development That 
Has Occurred and Financial Assistance Provided by Federal Agencies; 
Government Accountability Office Report; March 2007; p. 4.
    \12\Id., pp. 1-2, 7.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Congress has reauthorized CBRA three times.\13\ The most 
recent reauthorization, the Coastal Barrier Resources 
Reauthorization Act of 2005, directed USFWS to finalize and 
submit to Congress a report on the digitization of CBRA 
maps.\14\ USFWS transmitted the final report in November 2016 
which included final recommended boundaries for CBRS units and 
OPAs.\15\ The recommendations in the report impact maps in 
Delaware, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida and 
Louisiana. In general, under current law, Congress must codify 
significant changes to CBRA maps for any new maps to take 
effect.\16\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \13\https://www.fws.gov/cbra/Legislation.html.
    \14\Public Law 109-226 Sec. 4, Coastal Barrier Resources 
Reauthorization Act of 2005.
    \15\Final Report to Congress: John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier 
Resources System Digital Mapp Pilot Project, November 29, 2016.
    \16\16 U.S.C. 3503(a)(3).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    In response to the 2016 report, several members of 
Congress, including Representatives Neal P. Dunn (R-FL), Lisa 
Blunt Rochester (D-DE) and Thomas Rooney (R-FL), introduced 
bills to codify the revised, digital maps that impact their 
districts. The Subcommittee on Water, Power and Oceans held a 
legislative hearing on two of these bills on February 27, 2018: 
H.R. 2947 (Dunn) and H.R. 4880 (Blunt Rochester). Representing 
USFWS, Mr. Gary Frazer testified in support of both two 
bills.\17\ After this hearing, the bill sponsors worked 
together to codify these maps in a more comprehensive fashion.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \17\Legislative Hearing on H.R. 2947 and H.R. 4880: Hearing before 
the Natural Resources Committee Subcommittee on Water, Power and 
Oceans, House of Representatives, 115th Cong., 2 (2018) (Testimony of 
Gary Frazer), at 1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    H.R. 5787, codifies 32 CBRS maps that were revised and 
digitized as part of the Digital Mapping Pilot Project by 
USFWS. Further, the bill implements the USFWS recommendations 
for the St. Andrew's Complex P31 and P31P CBRS units, for a 
total of 35 new maps.
    As the Committee considered this legislation, several 
questions arose related to the efficacy and legal integrity of 
digital maps in general. Digital documents lack the permanence 
and constancy of hard copy documents, and there are few 
examples, if any, throughout the federal government where 
digital documents carry the full force of law and are 
authorized for official use. Accordingly, section 3 of H.R. 
5787 requires the USFWS Director to keep a printed, hard copy 
of each digital map authorized by law and make final 
determinations as to whether a location is inside or outside 
the CBRS based solely on this printed version.
    USFWS also developed advanced mapping systems, including 
GIS technology, to accompany these digital maps, increasing 
their accuracy and aiding in interpretation. These mapping 
systems capitalize on the benefits that digital maps can 
provide, and their appropriate use can improve the CBRA 
program. However, as with digital maps in general, there are 
several concerns that arose with respect to mapping integrity 
as this legislation was considered by the Committee. These maps 
and the agency interpretation thereof can have significant 
impacts on people's lives. Under 16 U.S.C. 3504, when a certain 
area of land is determined to be within the boundaries of the 
CBRS, the residents of that area lose federally-subsidized 
flood insurance under the National Flood Insurance Program, the 
area may become ineligible for certain types of federally-
supported dredging projects that are important for navigation 
and human safety, and other federal benefits like sewage 
treatment system grants, can be affected. Before Congress can 
authorize the use of these new mapping systems to interpret the 
boundaries of CBRS units and OPAs, USFWS must certify and 
document that these maps and GIS systems are developed and 
maintained in a manner that will preserve the integrity of the 
program and the rule of law.
    The Committee expects that when this legislation reaches 
the House floor, it will include language directing USFWS to 
submit a report to Congress related to the successes and 
challenges of the transition from paper maps to digital maps. 
It is the Committee's expectation that in this report, as part 
of a larger analysis on the subject, USFWS will address, with a 
high degree of specificity, the following questions:
          (1) How accurate are the mapper data?
          (2) What is the source of the mapper data?
          (3) Are these data digitized or born digital?
          (4) For digitized data, how were the data ingested 
        into the database?
          (5) For digital data, how were the data created?
          (6) Are those data sources consistent at a national 
        level? If not, how do they vary in detail, and what are 
        the implications for implementing a common dispute 
        resolution process when parties differ over boundaries?
          (7) Is there a national mapping data standard or many 
        local standards based on available data?
          (8) What written publicly available guidance, rule, 
        or regulation governing boundary dispute resolution 
        processes have been released?
          (9) What are USFWS's plans to maintain mapper data, 
        hardware, and software?
          (10) What migration plans are in place to ensure that 
        consistent data and renderings will be available over 
        time as operating systems, applications, and user 
        interfaces evolve?
          (11) How do these plans comply with existing 
        statutory requirements or those proposed under H.R. 
        5787?
    Answers to these questions and the entirety of this report 
should determine the degree to which, if at all, it is 
appropriate for USFWS to utilize the GIS and other advanced 
digital mapping systems in the agency's interpretation of these 
new digital maps.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis


Section 1. Short title

    This Act may be cited as the ``Strengthening Coastal 
Communities Act of 2018''.

Section 2. Replacement of John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources 
        System maps

    This section codifies certain CBRS maps transmitted to 
Congress in 2016 by the USFWS.

Section 3. Digital maps of John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources 
        system units

    This section requires the USFWS to maintain a hard copy of 
any digital map that has been codified by Congress to serve as 
the official version for purposes of CBRA and to maintain a 
digitally available version on the agency's website.

                            Committee Action

    H.R. 5787 was introduced on May 15, 2018, by Congressman 
Neal P. Dunn (R-FL). The bill was referred to the Committee on 
Natural Resources. On June 13, 2018, the Natural Resources 
Committee met to consider the bill. Congressman Doug Lamborn 
(R-CO) offered an amendment designated #1; it was adopted by 
voice vote. No further amendments were offered and the bill, as 
amended, was ordered favorably reported to the House of 
Representatives by voice vote.

            Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations

    Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Natural Resources' oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the body of this report.

      Compliance With House Rule XIII and Congressional Budget Act

    1. Cost of Legislation and the Congressional Budget Act. 
With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) and (3) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
sections 308(a) and 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974, the Committee has received the following estimate for the 
bill from the Director of the Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                      Washington, DC, July 9, 2018.
Hon. Rob Bishop,
Chairman, Committee on Natural Resources,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 5787, the 
Strengthening Coastal Communities Act of 2018.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Jeff LaFave.
            Sincerely,
                                             Mark P. Hadley
                                        (For Keith Hall, Director).
    Enclosure.

H.R. 5787--Strengthening Coastal Communities Act of 2018

    H.R. 5787 would update the maps for various units of the 
Coastal Barrier Resources System (CBRS). Using information 
provided by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, CBO estimates 
that updating the maps would have no significant effect on 
spending subject to appropriation.
    The bill would revise the CBRS maps for 35 units within the 
system and would add, on net, about 18,000 acres to the system 
(increasing the size of the CBRS by 0.5 percent). CBO expects 
that the new maps would exclude lands containing about 500 
structures, which would enable owners of those structures to 
purchase flood insurance from the federal government. CBO 
estimates that enacting H.R. 5787 could increase premium 
collections of the National Flood Insurance Fund by less than 
$1 million annually. On an expected-value basis those 
collections, which are recorded as offsets to direct spending, 
would be roughly offset by new mandatory spending for 
underwriting, administrative expenses, and new flood insurance 
claims over the 2019-2028 period.
    Because enacting the bill could affect direct spending, 
pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that any 
net change in direct spending would be negligible over the 
2019-2028 period. Enacting the bill would not affect revenues.
    CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 5787 would not 
significantly increase net direct spending or on-budget 
deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods 
beginning in 2029.
    H.R. 5787 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Jeff LaFave. The 
estimate was reviewed by H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.
    2. General Performance Goals and Objectives. As required by 
clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII, the general performance goal or 
objective of this bill is to amend the Coastal Barrier 
Resources Act to give effect to more accurate maps of units of 
the John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System that were 
produced by digital mapping of such units.

                           Earmark Statement

    This bill does not contain any Congressional earmarks, 
limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined 
under clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of rule XXI of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives.

                    Compliance With Public Law 104-4

    This bill contains no unfunded mandates.

                       Compliance With H. Res. 5

    Directed Rule Making. This bill does not contain any 
directed rule makings.
    Duplication of Existing Programs. This bill does not 
establish or reauthorize a program of the federal government 
known to be duplicative of another program. Such program was 
not included in any report from the Government Accountability 
Office to Congress pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139 
or identified in the most recent Catalog of Federal Domestic 
Assistance published pursuant to the Federal Program 
Information Act (Public Law 95-220, as amended by Public Law 
98-169) as relating to other programs.

                Preemption of State, Local or Tribal Law

    This bill is not intended to preempt any State, local or 
tribal law.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (new matter is 
printed in italic and existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

                     COASTAL BARRIER RESOURCES ACT




           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SEC. 4. ESTABLISHMENT OF JOHN H. CHAFEE COASTAL BARRIER RESOURCES 
                    SYSTEM.

  (a) Establishment.--There is established the John H. Chafee 
Coastal Barrier Resources System, which shall consist of those 
undeveloped coastal barriers and other areas located on the 
coasts of the United States that are identified and generally 
depicted on the maps on file with the Secretary entitled 
``Coastal Barrier Resources System'', dated October 24, 1990, 
as those maps may be replaced, modified, revised, or corrected 
under--
          (1) subsection (f)(3);
          (2) section 4 of the Coastal Barrier Improvement Act 
        of 1990 (16 U.S.C. 3503 note; Public Law 101-591); or
          (3) any other provision of law enacted on or after 
        November 16, 1990, that specifically replaces such a 
        map or authorizes the modification, revision, or 
        correction.
  (b) System Maps.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall keep the maps 
        referred to in subsection (a) on file and available for 
        public inspection in the Office of the Director of the 
        United States Fish and Wildlife Service, and in such 
        other offices of that service as the Director considers 
        appropriate.
          (2) Digital maps.--
                  (A) Availability.--The Secretary shall make 
                available to the public on the Internet web 
                site of the United States Fish and Wildlife 
                Service digital versions of the maps included 
                in the set of maps referred to in subsection 
                (a).
                  (B) Effect.--Any determination as to whether 
                a location is inside or outside the System 
                shall be made without regard to the digital 
                maps available under this paragraph, except 
                that this subparagraph does not apply with 
                respect to any printed version of such a 
                digital map if the printed version is included 
                in the maps referred to in subsection (a).
  (c) Boundary Review and Modification.--At least once every 5 
years, the Secretary shall review the maps referred to in 
subsection (a) and shall make, in consultation with the 
appropriate State, local, and Federal officials, such minor and 
technical modifications to the boundaries of System units as 
are necessary solely to reflect changes that have occurred in 
the size or location of any System unit as a result of natural 
forces.
  (d) Additions to System.--The Secretary may add a parcel of 
real property to the System, if--
          (1) the owner of the parcel requests, in writing, 
        that the Secretary add the parcel to the System; and
          (2) the parcel is an undeveloped coastal barrier.
  (e) Addition of Excess Federal Property.--
          (1) Consultation and determination.--Prior to 
        transfer or disposal of excess property under the 
        Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 
        1949 (40 U.S.C. 471 et seq.) that may be an undeveloped 
        coastal barrier, the Administrator of General Services 
        shall consult with and obtain from the Secretary a 
        determination as to whether and what portion of the 
        property constitutes an undeveloped coastal barrier. 
        Not later than 180 days after the initiation of such 
        consultation, the Secretary shall make and publish 
        notice of such determination. Immediately upon issuance 
        of a positive determination, the Secretary shall--
                  (A) prepare a map depicting the undeveloped 
                coastal barrier portion of such property; and
                  (B) publish in the Federal Register notice of 
                the addition of such property to the System.
          (2) Effective date of inclusion.--An area to be added 
        to the System under this subsection shall be part of 
        the System effective on the date on which the Secretary 
        publishes notice in the Federal Register under 
        paragraph (1)(B) with respect to that area.
  (f) Maps.--The Secretary shall--
          (1) keep a map showing the location of each boundary 
        modification made under subsection (c) and of each 
        parcel of real property added to the System under 
        subsection (d) or (e) on file and available for public 
        inspection in the Office of the Director of the United 
        States Fish and Wildlife Service and in such other 
        offices of the Service as the Director considers 
        appropriate;
          (2) provide a copy of the map to--
                  (A) the State and unit of local government in 
                which the property is located;
                  (B) the Committees; and
                  (C) the Federal Emergency Management Agency; 
                and
          (3) revise the maps referred to in subsection (a) to 
        reflect each boundary modification under subsection (c) 
        and each addition of real property to the System under 
        subsection (d) or (e), after publishing in the Federal 
        Register a notice of any such proposed revision.
  (g) Guidelines for Certain Recommendations and 
Determinations.--
          (1) In general.--In making any recommendation to the 
        Congress regarding the addition of any area to the 
        System or in determining whether, at the time of the 
        inclusion of a System unit within the System, a coastal 
        barrier is undeveloped, the Secretary shall consider 
        whether within the area--
                  (A) the density of development is less than 1 
                structure per 5 acres of land above mean high 
                tide; and
                  (B) there is existing infrastructure 
                consisting of--
                          (i) a road, with a reinforced road 
                        bed, to each lot or building site in 
                        the area;
                          (ii) a wastewater disposal system 
                        sufficient to serve each lot or 
                        building site in the area;
                          (iii) electric service for each lot 
                        or building site in the area; and
                          (iv) a fresh water supply for each 
                        lot or building site in the area.
          (2) Structure defined.--In paragraph (1), the term 
        ``structure'' means a walled and roofed building, other 
        than a gas or liquid storage tank, that--
                  (A) is principally above ground and affixed 
                to a permanent site, including a manufactured 
                home on a permanent foundation; and
                  (B) covers an area of at least 200 square 
                feet.
          (3) Savings clause.--Nothing in this subsection 
        supersedes the official maps referred to in subsection 
        (a).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                  [all]