[Senate Report 114-355]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]


                                                       Calendar No. 637
114th Congress        }                          {           Report
                                 SENATE
 2d Session           }                          {            114-355

======================================================================


                    FCC REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2016

                               __________

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

           COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION

                                   on

                                S. 2644
                                
                                
                                
                                
                                
                                
                                
                                

 [GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


               September 20, 2016.--Ordered to be printed
               
                          
	                          ______
	       
	              U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE 
	                      
	      59-010            WASHINGTON : 2016
	      
	                           
	       
               
               
               
               
               
               
       SENATE COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION
                    one hundred fourteenth congress
                             second session

                   JOHN THUNE, South Dakota, Chairman
 ROGER F. WICKER, Mississippi         BILL NELSON, Florida
 ROY BLUNT, Missouri                  MARIA CANTWELL, Washington
 MARCO RUBIO, Florida                 CLAIRE McCASKILL, Missouri
 KELLY AYOTTE, New Hampshire          AMY KLOBUCHAR, Minnesota
 TED CRUZ, Texas                      RICHARD BLUMENTHAL, Connecticut
 DEB FISCHER, Nebraska                BRIAN SCHATZ, Hawaii
 JERRY MORAN, Kansas                  ED MARKEY, Massachusetts
 DAN SULLIVAN, Alaska                 CORY BOOKER, New Jersey
 RON JOHNSON, Wisconsin               TOM UDALL, New Mexico
 DEAN HELLER, Nevada                  JOE MANCHIN, West Virginia
 CORY GARDNER, Colorado               GARY PETERS, Michigan
 STEVE DAINES, Montana
                       Nick Rossi, Staff Director
                 Adrian Arnakis, Deputy Staff Director
                    Jason Van Beek, General Counsel
                 Kim Lipsky, Democratic Staff Director
           Christopher Day, Democratic Deputy Staff Director
                 Clint Odom, Democratic General Counsel








                                                       Calendar No. 637
114th Congress        }                          {           Report
                                 SENATE
 2d Session           }                          {            114-355+

======================================================================
 
                    FCC REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2016

                                _______
                                

               September 20, 2016.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Thune, from the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                         [To accompany S. 2644]

    The Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, to 
which was referred the bill (S. 2644) to reauthorize the 
Federal Communications Commission for fiscal years 2017 and 
2018, and for other purposes, having considered the same, 
reports favorably thereon with an amendment (in the nature of a 
substitute) and recommends that the bill (as amended) do pass.

                          Purpose of the Bill

    The purpose of S. 2644 is to reauthorize the Federal 
Communications Commission (FCC or Commission) through fiscal 
year (FY) 2018 and make certain policy modifications so that 
the Commission may continue to execute and enforce the Nation's 
communications laws.

                          Background and Needs

    The FCC, an independent United States Government agency 
formed to regulate interstate and foreign communications, was 
established under the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 151 
et seq.). Today, the FCC is made up of five Senate-confirmed 
commissioners (FCC Commissioners) and has approximately 1,650 
full-time employees. The Commission has not been authorized 
since FY 1991.
    Since the FCC was last authorized, the communications 
landscape has been dramatically transformed by personal 
computing, digital technology, mobile services, and the 
Internet. This bill aims to ensure the Commission's operations 
and statutory authorities are up-to-date with today's 
marketplace.
    Provisions in this bill will improve congressional 
oversight of the FCC, ensure better data to inform Commission 
programs and decision-making, better protect consumers, and 
ultimately help improve deployment and adoption of fixed and 
wireless communications in all parts of the country and among 
all citizens, particularly tribal, veteran, and rural 
populations. FCC Commissioners have repeatedly testified before 
Congress that congressional reauthorization of the FCC is 
useful and that a consistent legislative reauthorization 
process would produce a more responsible and productive 
relationship between the FCC and Congress.
    A section of this bill would amend the Communications Act 
of 1934 to require that multi-line telephone systems (MLTS), 
such as those found in hotels, hospitals, and offices, be 
designed and configured in a way that permits users to directly 
initiate a call to 9-1-1 without dialing any additional digits 
(for example, having to dial ``9'' to access an ``outside 
line''). This section, known as the Kari's Law Act of 2016, 
would facilitate access to emergency services without requiring 
callers to know the dialing idiosyncrasies of these systems.
    A section of this bill would amend section 227 of the 
Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 227) to enhance and 
expand the authority of the Commission to combat fraudulent 
activity utilizing misleading or inaccurate caller 
identification information. Over the past several years, both 
the Commission and Congress have been made aware of the growth 
of such fraudulent activity utilizing calls originating from 
outside of the United States, text messaging services, and IP-
enabled voice services, as well as the need to provide 
consumers with the additional tools to help avoid such 
fraudulent activity. This section of the bill would expand 
prohibitions already placed on such fraudulent activity in 
section 227 of that Act and help make sure that the law keeps 
up with the new technologies being used to harm consumers. It 
also would provide consumers with additional information that 
they can use to protect themselves from these abusive 
fraudulent practices.

                          Legislative History

    On March 18, 2015, the Committee held a hearing entitled, 
``Oversight of the Federal Communications Commission'', during 
which the Committee heard testimony from each of the five FCC 
Commissioners.
    On March 2, 2016, the Committee held a hearing entitled, 
``Oversight of the Federal Communications Commission'', during 
which the Committee heard testimony from each of the five FCC 
Commissioners.
    On March 7, 2016, Senator Thune introduced S. 2644, a bill 
to reauthorize the FCC. Senator Nelson is a cosponsor of the 
bill.
    On April 27, 2016, the Committee held an Executive Session 
during which S. 2644 was considered. The bill was approved 
unanimously, by voice vote, and was ordered to be reported with 
a substitute amendment offered by Senator Thune, and with 
further amendments. The substitute amendment offered by Senator 
Thune added a consumer protection provision addressing 
spoofing, substantially similar to S. 2558, and a provision 
related to directly dialing 9-1-1 from MLTS, substantially 
similar to S. 2553.
    Eighteen first degree amendments to the substitute 
amendment were agreed to (en bloc) by voice vote, including: an 
amendment offered by Senator Daines to require the Inspector 
General of the FCC to concurrently submit its semi-annual 
reports to the Commission and Congress; an amendment offered by 
Senator Daines to require the GAO to report on the E-rate 
program; an amendment offered by Senators Daines and Cantwell 
to require the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to 
consider whether the FCC's regulatory fee structure has a 
disparate impact on small-sized payors; an amendment offered by 
Senators Fischer, Ayotte, Wicker, Klobuchar, Manchin, and 
Schatz to require the Commission to report on the Universal 
Service Rural Health Care Program; an amendment offered by 
Senators Johnson and Heller to require the Commission to 
include a disclaimer in any press release regarding a notice of 
apparent liability; an amendment offered by Senator Moran to 
require the Commission to report on the use of certain proceeds 
to conduct spectrum auctions; an amendment offered by Senators 
Moran and Udall to ensure that the Chief Information Officer of 
the Commission has the authority to participate in budget 
decisions related to information technology; an amendment 
offered by Senators Rubio and Gardner to require the GAO to 
study and report on Federal spectrum and spectrum technology; 
an amendment offered by Senator Sullivan to require the GAO to 
study and report on filing requirements under the Universal 
Service Fund (USF) programs; an amendment offered by Senator 
Blumenthal to require the FCC to complete a rulemaking related 
to cramming; an amendment offered by Senators Blumenthal and 
Booker to require the Commission to take action relating to 
promoting broadband Internet access service for veterans; an 
amendment offered by Senators Booker and Johnson to require the 
GAO to study the Internet Protocol transition; an amendment 
offered by Senators Cantwell, Daines, and Udall to require the 
FCC to report on the 600 MHz incentive auction and the TV 
Broadcaster Relocation Fund; an amendment offered by Senators 
Cantwell, Daines, and Udall to require the Commission to 
determine the impact of universal service support on tribes; an 
amendment offered by Senators Klobuchar and Fischer to improve 
the section of the substitute amendment related to directly 
dialing 9-1-1 from MLTS; an amendment offered by Senators 
Manchin and Heller to require the GAO to report on issues 
relating to the National Broadband Map; an amendment offered by 
Senators Manchin, Gardner, Ayotte, Daines, Fischer, Johnson, 
Klobuchar, and Peters to require the FCC to study and report on 
the feasibility of conducting mobile broadband coverage drive 
testing in rural areas; and an amendment offered by Senator 
Peters to require the Commission to report on its broadband 
deployment data collection practices.

                            Estimated Costs

    In accordance with paragraph 11(a) of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate and section 403 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee provides the 
following cost estimate, prepared by the Congressional Budget 
Office:

S. 2644--FCC Reauthorization Act of 2016

    Summary: S. 2644 would authorize appropriations totaling 
$728 million for the operations of the Federal Communication 
Commission (FCC) for 2017 and 2018. Assuming appropriation of 
those amounts, CBO estimates that implementing S. 2644 would 
have a gross cost of $705 million over the 2017-2021 period. 
CBO estimates that all appropriations to the FCC would be 
offset by fees authorized to be collected under current law. 
Assuming that future appropriation acts allow the FCC to 
continue to collect such fees, CBO estimates that net 
discretionary spending under S. 2644 would be reduced by $23 
million over the 2017-2021 period.
    Enacting S. 2644 would affect direct spending; therefore, 
pay-as-you-go procedures apply. However, CBO estimates that the 
net effects would be negligible over the 2017-2026 period. 
Enacting the bill would not affect revenues.
    CBO estimates that enacting the legislation would not 
increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of 
the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2027.
    S. 2644 contains an intergovernmental mandate as defined in 
the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA), but CBO estimates that 
the mandate would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal 
governments.
    S. 2644 would impose private-sector mandates, as defined in 
UMRA. Based on information from industry sources and 
information about existing state laws, CBO estimates that the 
aggregate costs of the mandates would fall below the annual 
threshold established in UMRA for private-sector mandates ($154 
million in 2016, adjusted annually for inflation).
    Estimated cost to the Federal Government: The estimated 
budgetary effect of S. 2644 is shown in the following table. 
The costs of this legislation fall within budget function 370 
(commerce and housing credit).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                       ---------------------------------------------------------
                                                          2017      2018      2019      2020    2021   2017-2021
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        INCREASES OR DECREASES (-) IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATIONSa
 
Gross FCC Spending
    Estimated Authorization Level.....................       370       358         0        0       0        728
    Estimated Outlays.................................       315       345        42        3       0        705
Offsetting Collections
    Estimated Authorization Level.....................      -370      -358         0        0       0       -728
    Estimated Outlays.................................      -370      -358         0        0       0       -728
Net FCC Spending
    Estimated Authorization Level.....................         0         0         0        0       0          0
    Estimated Outlays.................................       -55       -13        42        3       0        -23
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: FCC = Federal Communications Commission.
aIn addition, S. 2644 would affect direct spending; however, the net effect over the 2017-2026 period would be
  insignificant.

    Basis of estimate: For this estimate, CBO assumes that this 
bill will be enacted near the start of fiscal year 2017 and 
that the authorized and estimated amounts will be appropriated 
near the beginning of each fiscal year. Estimated outlays are 
based on historical spending for FCC activities.

Spending Subject to Appropriation

    S. 2644 would authorize the appropriation of $361 million 
in 2017 and $349 million in 2018 for the FCC's operations. The 
FCC's appropriation for 2016 was $384 million. In addition, the 
bill would authorize the appropriation of such sums as may be 
necessary to cover other costs, such as future pay raises for 
employees. On the basis on information provided by the FCC 
about personnel costs, CBO estimates that those authorizations 
would total $9 million per year. Based on the agency's 
historical spending patterns, CBO estimates that implementing 
S. 2644 would result in gross outlays of $314 million in 2017 
and $705 million over the 2017-2021 period, assuming 
appropriation of the authorized and estimated amounts.
    The FCC's gross spending is offset by regulatory fees. The 
amount collected each year is specified in annual 
appropriations acts and over recent years has covered the 
entire amount appropriated. Assuming that future appropriations 
acts would require collections to fully offset the funding 
provided to the agency, CBO estimates that the proceeds from 
those fees would total $728 million over the 2017-2021 period. 
Because CBO estimates that the FCC generally does not spend all 
of its annual appropriation, implementing S. 2644 would reduce 
net discretionary outlays by $23 million over the 2017-2021 
period.
    S. 2644 also would direct the Government Accountability 
Office (GAO) to conduct several studies and reports on aspects 
of the FCC's operations. Based on the costs of similar reports 
conducted by GAO, CBO estimates that work would cost less than 
$500,000 in fiscal year 2017.

Direct Spending

    Section 8 would extend the Universal Service Fund's (USF) 
exemption from provisions of the Antideficiency Act, through 
fiscal year 2018. Created by the Telecommunications Act of 
1996, the USF redistributes income from interstate 
telecommunications carriers to other telecommunication carriers 
that provide services to high-cost areas, low-income 
households, schools, libraries, and nonprofit health care 
providers in rural areas. The cash flows from the USF appear in 
the budget as revenues (for fund collections) and as direct 
spending (for amounts distributed from the fund).
    Under current law, the USF has a temporary exemption from 
the Antideficiency Act that will expire at the end of calendar 
year 2017. (That exemption was first provided in 2005.) The 
current exemption affects spending for one of the fund's 
initiatives, the Schools and Libraries program, which 
distributes funds to eligible institutions to provide 
affordable Internet and telecommunications services. When the 
USF receives and approves an application for the Schools and 
Libraries program, it obligates funds to be paid to the 
recipient pending compliance with certain grant conditions. 
Under the exemption, the USF is able to obligate funds for 
schools and libraries before it has collected sufficient 
amounts to meet those obligations. Without the exemption, the 
USF would not be able to obligate funds for schools and 
libraries until sufficient resources to meet such obligations 
became available. That program spent $2.1 billion in fiscal 
year 2015. By extending the exemption, S. 2644 would allow the 
program to obligate and spend funds faster than it would 
without the exemption.
    CBO does not expect that the USF would collect or spend 
more as a result of the exemption; rather, we estimate that the 
timing of the spending would change. CBO estimates that under 
the exemption in S. 2644, spending in 2019 would be $152 
million higher, and lower over the 2020-2021 period by the same 
amount. However, CBO estimates that the changes in the rate of 
spending would have no net effect over the 2017-2026 period.
    Pay-As-You-Go Considerations: The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go 
Act of 2010 establishes budget-reporting and enforcement 
procedures for legislation affecting direct spending or 
revenues. The net changes in outlays that are subject to those 
pay-as-you-go procedures are shown in the following table.

  CBO ESTIMATE OF PAY-AS-YOU-GO EFFECTS FOR S. 2644, AS ORDERED REPORTED BY THE SENATE COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE, SCIENCE, AND TRANSPORTATION ON APRIL 27,
                                                                          2016
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                   By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      2016   2017   2018   2019   2020    2021    2022   2023   2024   2025   2026  2016-2021  2016-2026
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       NET INCREASE OR DECREASE (-) IN THE DEFICIT
 
Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Impact.....................      0      0      0    152     -91     -61      0      0      0      0      0         0          0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Increase in long term direct spending and deficits: CBO 
estimates that enacting the legislation would not increase net 
direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four 
consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2027.
    Intergovernmental and private-sector impact: S. 2644 
contains an intergovernmental mandate as defined in UMRA. The 
bill would preempt state laws that govern the default 
configurations of a multi-line telephone system (MLTS) for 9-1-
1 phone calls. Although the preemption would limit the 
application of state laws and regulations, CBO estimates that 
the bill would impose no duty on state, local, or tribal 
governments that would result in additional spending or a loss 
of revenues.
    S. 2644 would impose private-sector mandates, as defined in 
UMRA, by requiring private entities responsible for 
manufacturing, importing, selling, leasing, or installing a 
multi-line telephone system to ensure that the system allows 
users to directly dial 9-1-1 without first dialing any 
additional digit such as ``9.'' In addition, entities that 
install such systems would be required to ensure the system 
provides an additional notification to a central location, 
either at the facility or otherwise, when a 9-1-1 call is 
placed if the system can be configured to do so without 
hardware upgrades. Based on information from industry sources, 
most MLTS systems already contain direct-dial and on-site 
notification functionality, and any costs associated with 
updating systems to meet the bill's requirements would be 
small. In addition, several states and some local governments 
already have laws that require direct dialing for 9-1-1 from 
MLTS systems.
    In total, CBO estimates that the incremental costs to 
comply with the mandates would fall below the annual threshold 
established in UMRA for private-sector mandates ($154 million 
in 2016, adjusted annually for inflation).
    Estimate prepared by: Federal costs: Stephen Rabent; Impact 
on state, local, and tribal governments: Rachel Austin; Impact 
on the private sector: Logan Smith.
    Estimate approved by: H. Samuel Papenfuss, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

                           Regulatory Impact

    In accordance with paragraph 11(b) of rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee provides the 
following evaluation of the regulatory impact of the 
legislation, as reported:

                       number of persons covered

    Persons outside the United States would be covered by the 
bill's prohibition on misleading or inaccurate caller 
identification information. Persons engaged in manufacturing, 
importing, selling, leasing, or installing MLTS would be 
covered by the bill's requirements for such systems' 
configuration. Otherwise, the number of persons covered by this 
legislation should be consistent with current levels.

                            economic impact

    S. 2644 would authorize the appropriation of funds for the 
FCC's programs and is not expected to negatively impact the 
Nation's economy. To the contrary, economic benefits should 
follow from implementation of the legislation. The legislation 
is intended to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of 
current FCC regulatory activities, ensure better public safety 
communications, promote broadband deployment and adoption, and 
reduce consumer harms related to misleading or inaccurate 
caller identification information and unauthorized charges on 
mobile communications service bills.

                                privacy

    The reported bill is not expected to have an adverse effect 
on the personal privacy of any individuals.

                               paperwork

    The Committee does not anticipate an increased paperwork 
burden on regulated entities as a result of this legislation. 
To the contrary, the Committee generally intends, and 
legislatively directs where appropriate, that administrative 
burdens on private sector sources of information are considered 
and not increased in the implementation of this bill. S. 2644 
would require the FCC and the Comptroller General to issue 
various reports in order to ensure the goals of the legislation 
are met and to inform further congressional oversight and 
legislative activity.

                   Congressionally Directed Spending

    In compliance with paragraph 4(b) of rule XLIV of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee provides that no 
provisions contained in the bill, as reported, meet the 
definition of congressionally directed spending items under the 
rule.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis


Section 1. Short title.

    This section would provide that the Act may be cited as the 
``FCC Reauthorization Act of 2016''.

Sec. 2. Table of contents.

    This section would provide a table of contents for the 
bill.

Sec. 3. Definitions.

    This section would provide definitions for certain terms 
for purposes of the bill.

Sec. 4. Authorization of appropriations.

    This section would amend section 6 of the Communications 
Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 156) to authorize funding for the FCC 
for FY 2017 and FY 2018. The Committee would direct, consistent 
with current law, that the Commission will assess and collect 
fees pursuant to section 9 of the Communications Act of 1934 
(47 U.S.C. 159) to offset appropriations provided under this 
authorization.
    For FY 2017, the bill would authorize funding for the FCC 
at $361,116,000, including not less than $11,751,000 for 
salaries and expenses of the Office of Inspector General and 
not more than $16,867,000 for necessary expenses of the 
Commission associated with moving to a new facility or 
reconfiguring the existing facility.
    For FY 2018, the bill would authorize funding for the FCC 
at $348,711,000, including not less than $11,904,000 for 
salaries and expenses of the FCC's Office of the Inspector 
General.

Sec. 5. Terms of office and vacancies.

    This section would amend section 4(c) of the Communications 
Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 154(c)) to clarify that all 
commissioners, whether appointed to full five-year terms or to 
fill vacancies that occur during a term, may remain at the FCC 
beyond such term's expiration as provided by the Communications 
Act of 1934, in what is commonly referred to as a ``holdover 
period.''

Sec. 6. Submission of copy of certain documents to Congress.

    This section would amend section 4 of the Communications 
Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 154) to require the Commission to 
provide Congress with certain documents the Commission submits 
to the Administration, including budget estimates and requests, 
legislative recommendations, congressional testimony, and 
comments on legislation. This statutory requirement would be 
similar to that placed on other independent agencies, such as 
the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the Surface 
Transportation Board, and the Federal Energy Regulatory 
Commission.
    The amendment under this section also would direct the 
FCC's Office of the Inspector General to file its semiannual 
reports with various congressional committees at the same time 
such reports are filed with the Commission. This would not 
affect the requirements of section 5(b) of the Inspector 
General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.).
    The Committee intends that this section will improve 
congressional oversight of the FCC and help ensure its 
independence.

Sec. 7. GAO report of FCC regulatory fee structure.

    This section would direct the GAO, within 180 days of 
enactment, to report on the current regulatory fee assessments 
and adjustment process of the Commission. The Committee intends 
that this report would inform the FCC and recommend adjustments 
to such structure, including considering whether Congress 
should seek to modernize the Commission's regulatory fee 
structure to accurately and fairly reflect the current workload 
of the FCC and the benefits provided to fee payors.

Sec. 8. Application of Antideficiency Act to universal service program.

    This section would amend section 302 of the Universal 
Service Antideficiency Temporary Suspension Act (title III of 
Public Law 108--494; 118 Stat. 3998) to extend the USF 
program's exemption from the Antideficiency Act (31 U.S.C. 
1341, 1342, 1349-1351, 1511-1519; ADA) through the end of FY 
2018. The exemption currently expires on December 31, 2017. Due 
to the disruption caused by a 2004 Executive Branch 
interpretation of the ADA, which delayed USF program 
distributions for several months, Congress has repeatedly 
extended this exemption through appropriations legislation. The 
Committee expects to continue its examination of whether the 
ADA should apply to the USF.

Sec. 9. Deposits for spectrum auctions.

    This section would amend section 309(j)(8)(C) of the 
Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 309(j)(8)(C)) to 
eliminate the requirement that the FCC hold spectrum auction 
participants' upfront payments in interest bearing accounts at 
private banks and instead direct such deposits to be placed in 
the Treasury. This provision was favorably reported by the 
Committee as S. 2319 in December 2015.

Sec. 10. Joint Board recommendation.

    This section would prohibit the FCC from adopting a 2004 
USF Joint Board recommendation regarding single line or primary 
line restrictions on universal service support payments that 
could be harmful to rural communications providers and rural 
constituents.

Sec. 11. Spoofing prevention.

    This section would amend section 227 of the Communications 
Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 227) to close existing legal loopholes 
that allow fraudulent caller ID information to be conveyed 
through texts, certain IP-enabled voice services, and calls 
originating outside the United States. Section 227(e) of the 
Communications Act prohibits the knowing transmission of 
misleading or inaccurate caller identification information with 
the intent to defraud, cause harm, or wrongfully obtain any 
thing of value. This amendment to that section would crack down 
on this practice, known as ``caller ID spoofing'', by extending 
the prohibition on spoofing to cover all voice calls, including 
those originating outside the United States if the recipient of 
the call is within the United States, and all calls made using 
IP-enabled voice services. It also would prohibit caller ID 
spoofing via text messaging as such term is defined in this 
section.
    This section also would require the Commission to publish 
consumer education materials, updated regularly and posted 
online, that provide information on how to avoid scams that 
rely upon misleading or inaccurate caller identification 
information. The section would require the GAO to study FCC and 
Federal Trade Commission actions to combat spoofing and to make 
recommendations accordingly. The section would provide a rule 
of construction stating that nothing in the section shall 
affect or modify the Commission's authority under the Telephone 
Consumer Protection Act of 1991 (Public Law 102--243; 105 Stat. 
2394) or the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 (15 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.).
    Nothing in the section is intended to affect the regulatory 
classification of text messages or other services.

Sec. 12. Kari's law.

    This section would amend title VII of the Communications 
Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) to require that MLTS, such 
as those often found in hotels, hospitals, and offices, be 
designed and configured in a way that permits users to directly 
initiate a call to 9-1-1 without dialing any additional digits 
(for example, without having to dial ``9'' to access an 
``outside line''). This new section of the Communications Act 
of 1934 would not prohibit other 9-1-1 emergency dialing 
patterns (for example, 9-9-1-1) from also initiating a call to 
a public safety answering point, provided the dialing pattern 
9-1-1 remains available to users. In addition, if an MLTS can 
be configured to provide notification to a central location at 
the facility where the system is being installed, or to a 
person or organization with responsibility for safety or 
security for the location, a person engaged in the business of 
installing MLTS would be required to configure the system to 
also call that central location, person, or organization when a 
call to 9-1-1 is initiated using the system. This new section's 
requirements would apply to manufacturers, importers, sellers, 
lessors, and installers of MLTS, beginning two years after 
enactment.
    The Committee intends that a person or entity contracting 
with an unaffiliated person or entity to install an MLTS would 
generally not be considered to be engaged in the business of 
installing an MLTS. For example, the owner or operator of an 
office building or hotel who hires an unaffiliated 
telecommunications firm to install an MLTS would likely not be 
considered to be engaged in the business of installing an MLTS.
    This new section of the Communications Act of 1934 would 
grant the FCC authority to prescribe regulations to carry out 
the section, provided that such regulations, to the extent 
practicable, are technologically neutral. Neither the section, 
nor regulations prescribed under the section, would prevent any 
State from enforcing a State law that is not inconsistent with 
the section.
    The Committee recognizes and commends the voluntary efforts 
undertaken by the hotel industry and MLTS manufacturers and 
vendors to implement direct dial access to 911. The Committee 
encourages a continuation of those efforts with respect to 
those MLTS that are manufactured, imported, offered for first 
sale or lease, first sold or leased, or installed within two 
years of the bill's enactment.

Sec. 13. Rulemaking relating to cramming.

    This section would direct the FCC, within two years of 
enactment, to complete a rulemaking relating to cramming. For 
purposes of this section, the term ``cramming'' is defined to 
mean the act of placing unauthorized charges on a wireline, 
wireless, or bundled services telephone bill of a consumer. 
This section would require the Commission to consider as part 
of its rulemaking measures related to blocking the placement of 
third party charges on consumers' telephone bills under the 
criteria used in a prior consent decree with a mobile voice and 
data provider related to cramming. The Committee intends for 
the FCC to formalize certain practices related to blocking 
third-party charges such as those that were previously agreed 
to and implemented by several of the Nation's largest mobile 
voice and data providers.

Sec. 14. Rulemaking relating to promoting broadband internet access 
        service for veterans.

    This section would direct the FCC, within 90 days of 
enactment, to release a Notice of Inquiry relating to examining 
and promoting broadband Internet access service for veterans, 
in particular low-income veterans and veterans residing in 
rural areas. The intent of this section is to establish a 
record that examines critical broadband resources for America's 
veterans, especially as they transition from the armed services 
to full participation in civilian society.

Sec. 15. Impact of universal service support on tribes.

    This section would amend section 254 of the Communications 
Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 254) to direct the FCC, by December 31, 
2017, to develop and implement metrics to measure the impact of 
universal service support on the deployment and adoption of 
broadband on tribal land among residents, schools and 
libraries, health care facilities, and rural health care 
providers. Further, this section would direct the Commission, 
beginning in 2018, to prepare and submit a biennial report to 
Congress that analyzes the impact of universal service support 
on tribes and tribal land. The amendment to that section also 
would include specific language directing the FCC to ensure 
that, in carrying out these directives, any data collection 
efforts do not result in a net increase in administrative 
burden on private sector sources of information. These 
requirements would terminate on December 31, 2032.

Sec. 16. Chief Information Officer authority.

    This section would direct the FCC to ensure that its Chief 
Information Officer (CIO) has the authority to participate in 
decisions regarding the Commission's budget planning process 
related to information technology (IT). The section further 
provides that amounts appropriated to the FCC that are 
available for IT would be allocated within the Commission in 
the manner specified by or approved by its CIO, in consultation 
with its Chief Financial Officer and budget officials. The 
Committee intends to increase the CIO's authority over the 
budget, governance and personnel processes for the Commission's 
IT investments.
    It is the hope of the Committee that this would enhance the 
Commission's IT procurement process, but the Committee does not 
intend that this section would alter or otherwise limit the 
Commission's discretion to delegate authority to the FCC's 
Office of Managing Director concerning the management of the 
FCC's personnel or budget.

Sec. 17. Disclaimer for press releases regarding notices of apparent 
        liability.

    This section would require the FCC to include in any press 
release regarding the issuance of a notice of apparent 
liability (NAL) a disclaimer explaining that such NAL should be 
treated only as allegations and that the amount of any 
forfeiture penalty proposed represents the maximum penalty the 
Commission may impose for the violations alleged in the NAL. 
The Committee intends for this section to help reduce confusion 
regarding the content and purpose of NALs, which are not 
findings of guilt.

Sec. 18. Federal spectrum transparency and value.

    This section would require the Comptroller General, within 
two years after enactment and biennially thereafter, to submit 
a spectrum opportunity cost study and report on the opportunity 
cost for each specific Federal spectrum band between 150 
megahertz and 6000 megahertz assigned to, or allocated for use 
by Federal entities. For purposes of these reports, 
``opportunity cost'' would be defined as the dollar value of 
spectrum if it were to be reallocated, on a licensed or 
unlicensed basis, to the highest commercial alternative that 
does not have access to that spectrum. This section would 
require the Comptroller General to take into account the 
national security implications, cost, time, and any other 
limitations of the potential transfer of Federal spectrum, and 
the ability of Federal entities to move to new bands or to 
share bands currently allocated or assigned for Federal use. 
The section further would require the Comptroller General to 
take into account observed market valuations of spectrum in 
spectrum auctions as well as secondary market transactions.
    This section also would require the Comptroller General, 
within two years after enactment and then every five years 
thereafter, to provide to Congress a spectrum technology study 
that examines the technologies and equipment used by Federal 
entities, and whether those technologies are the most spectrum-
efficient available. The Comptroller General would be directed 
to take into account the limitations on the acceptance of new 
technology and equipment given the complex national security 
considerations, and the impact of accepting new technology and 
equipment on mission effectiveness. In the event the 
Comptroller General determines that the technologies and 
equipment are not the most spectrum-efficient available, the 
Comptroller General would be required to determine the costs 
and benefits of upgrading technologies and equipment, including 
potential problems with such upgrading.
    The requirements of this section would terminate 10 years 
after the first spectrum opportunity cost study and report is 
submitted. The studies required under this section do not 
attempt to quantify the noneconomic value of existing Federal 
uses of spectrum, or to make any comparison between the 
opportunity cost and such existing use. The Committee 
recognizes that the Federal Government utilizes spectrum in a 
myriad of ways to protect the American people and serve the 
public interest, and that the value of existing and contingent 
Federal use of spectrum is not and should not be determined 
solely by the opportunity cost.

Sec. 19. Study and report on filing requirements under Universal 
        Service Fund programs.

    This section would require the GAO, within 180 days of 
enactment, to submit a report that analyzes the filing 
requirements and the financial impact of those requirements for 
carriers participating in the USF's programs and 
recommendations on how to consolidate redundant filing 
requirements. The Committee intends to limit the financial 
impact of USF program filing requirements to encourage program 
participation, but only to the extent that such limit does not 
undermine effective program administration, particularly 
related to requirements that prevent waste, fraud, and abuse.

Sec. 20. Feasibility study on mobile broadband coverage drive testing 
        in rural areas.

    This section would require the FCC to study the feasibility 
of conducting mobile broadband coverage drive testing in rural 
areas using the delivery systems of the United States Postal 
Service, commercial entities, and any other appropriate means. 
The Commission would be directed to submit a report to Congress 
within 180 days after enactment with the results of the study 
and, if the FCC determines that drive testing is not feasible, 
recommendations for other methods of testing considered 
feasible. The Committee intends the study and report in this 
section to help improve the accuracy of wireless broadband 
mapping, which is critical for the administration of universal 
service and other programs and for effective policymaking 
related to broadband deployment and adoption.

Sec. 21. Study on Internet Protocol transition.

    This section would require the GAO, within 270 days of 
enactment, to submit a report on the potential benefits of the 
Internet Protocol transition and the preparedness of the 
Federal Government to efficiently facilitate that transition. 
The GAO would be required to examine how the Federal Government 
is working with public and private sector stakeholders and how 
it can best facilitate the transition in rural and low-income 
communities. The Committee intends to ensure that the 
transition of telecommunications services in the United States 
from legacy telephone services to Internet Protocol-based 
services proceeds efficiently and that benefits of modern 
communications networks can be realized, including by residents 
living in rural and low-income communities.

Sec. 22. Report on incentive auction repack.

    This section would require the FCC to submit two reports 
regarding different aspects of the ongoing broadcast spectrum 
incentive auction under section 6403(c) of the Middle Class Tax 
Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (47 U.S.C. 1452(c)).
    The first report, to be submitted within 105 days of the 
completion of the forward auction portion of the incentive 
auction, would contain an analysis of: how many and which 
broadcast television licensees have submitted TV broadcaster 
relocation forms; the aggregate amount of reimbursements 
requested from the TV Broadcaster Relocation Fund and an 
estimate of resources currently available to make 
reimbursements; how many TV stations will be required to 
relocate to a new channel assignment; and the status of 
bilateral spectrum coordination with Canada and Mexico.
    The second report, to be submitted within 240 days of the 
forward auction's completion, would contain: a construction 
schedule for the relocation of TV stations to new channel 
assignments following the completion of the forward auction; a 
projection of whether broadcast TV viewers will face any 
service disruptions as a result of relocation; a projection of 
the impact of relocation of TV stations on rural areas of the 
United States and TV broadcast translator services; and what 
steps may be taken to accelerate relocation and expedite 
successful forward auction bidders' use of spectrum.
    The Committee is aware of concerns about potential local TV 
broadcast viewer disruption, the adequacy of relocation 
funding, potential difficulties in relocating broadcast 
facilities, and potential delays in deploying commercial 
services in the 600 megahertz spectrum band following the 
broadcast spectrum incentive auction. The Committee intends 
that the reports required by this section will provide critical 
and timely information to Congress and the public about 
possible challenges raised by the incentive auction that will 
aid policymakers.

Sec. 23. Report on Universal Service Rural Health Care Program.

    This section would require the FCC, within 270 days of 
enactment, to submit a report that assesses the Universal 
Service Rural Health Care Program. The report would be required 
to include data on the amount of funding the program has 
distributed to health care providers in each State; the types 
of advanced telecommunications and information services the 
program has funded; the types of providers funded; an 
assessment of the Telecommunications Program, including its 
efficacy, need, and whether it should be transitioned into the 
Healthcare Connect Fund; and a summary of comments in response 
to a Notice of Inquiry that would be required by this section 
evaluating whether the Program is meeting the goals of section 
254(h) of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 254(h)).
    The Committee intends to obtain an assessment of the 
Universal Service Rural Health Care Program, which began as a 
pilot program in 2013, including how effectively the program 
has been operating and whether it should be expanded in scope. 
This report is intended to provide Congress and the public with 
the relevant analysis to consider such questions.

Sec. 24. GAO report relating to the E-rate program.

    This section would require the GAO, within 180 days of 
enactment, to report on the E-rate program, including a 
determination of what gaps still exist in internet connectivity 
for schools and libraries; a review of the Second E-rate 
Modernization Order, including whether the order has resulted 
in overbuilding and duplication; and, recommendations as to how 
the E-rate program can be improved.

Sec. 25. GAO report.

    This section would direct the GAO, within 1 year of 
enactment, to report on how the FCC ensures the broadband data 
it collects is accurate, complete, and reliable, including how 
making the data available on the National Broadband Map (NBM) 
aids in that goal; the extent to which Federal agencies and 
other entities rely on NBM data to award broadband grants and 
loans or determine where Federal funds will be used to deploy 
broadband in areas already serviced by providers; the actions 
the Commission has taken to address the limitations of the NBM; 
the extent to which interested parties have challenged the 
accuracy of information in the NBM; and whether the FCC should 
collect data for NBM from additional or alternative commercial 
sources. The Committee intends to better determine whether the 
FCC is taking appropriate action to ensure the broadband data 
it collects is accurate, complete, and reliable, particularly 
in rural areas where there remain gaps in broadband service 
coverage.

Sec. 26. Reports related to spectrum auctions.

    This section would amend section 309(j) of the 
Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 309(j)) to require the 
FCC to provide information to Congress in a timely manner 
concerning its spectrum auction planning and the money it 
spends on such planning.
    This section would amend current law to require the FCC to 
submit a detailed justification for the use of proceeds for 
purposes of conducting spectrum auctions in the preceding FY. 
Currently, the Commission provides such information for the 
second preceding FY, which some congressional authorizers and 
appropriators have complained may not provide adequate 
information on which to analyze FCC requests for auction 
planning funding.
    This section would further amend current law to require the 
FCC, not later than September 30, 2016, and annually 
thereafter, to make publicly available an estimate of spectrum 
auctions that may be conducted in the upcoming 12-month period. 
This estimate would be required to also identify, to the extent 
possible, the bands of frequencies the Commission expects to 
include in the auctions. The Committee acknowledges that the 
estimate provided under this section is not binding on the FCC, 
which will conduct auctions subject to applicable laws and 
regulations and when in the public interest to do so. The 
Commission may include in such estimates such qualifications 
and caveats as it deems appropriate to avoid undue reliance on 
such estimates.
    This section would require the FCC, not later than April 1, 
2017, and annually thereafter, to submit a report containing a 
detailed justification for the use of auctions proceeds 
retained by the Commission for the costs of developing and 
implementing auctions. It is the Committee's intent that, 
consistent with Commission past practice, these reports include 
an itemized statement of all funds expended for purposes of 
conducting competitive bidding.

Sec. 27. FCC broadband data collection report.

    This section would direct the FCC, within 18 months of 
enactment, to report on its broadband deployment and 
subscription data collection practices. The report would be 
required to include a review of the data collected through the 
Form 477 process for both fixed and mobile broadband; an 
explanation of how the agency ensures that the data submitted 
though the Form 477 process is accurate; recommendations on how 
the Commission can improve these data collection practices; 
and, with respect to any regulatory recommendation made in the 
report, a plan for implementing such recommendations. The FCC 
would also be required to provide an opportunity for public 
comment on the report in order to solicit recommendations.
    The Committee intends that this section will help optimize 
the broadband data the FCC collects via its Form 477 process in 
order to obtain a more accurate understanding of the state of 
broadband deployment and adoption, thereby ensuring that the 
agency's decision-making is made based on a sound factual 
foundation. The Committee also intends that all Form 477 data 
collection activities and evaluations by the Commission 
appropriately consider the burdens of data collection on 
private sector sources of information.

                        Changes in Existing Law


                       COMMUNICATIONS ACT OF 1934


                        [47 U.S.C. 151 et seq.]

SEC. 4. FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION.

                            [47 U.S.C. 154]

  (a) Number of Commissioners; Appointment.--The Federal 
Communications Commission (in this Act referred to as the 
``Commission'') shall be composed of five commissioners 
appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent 
of the Senate, one of whom the President shall designate as 
chairman.
  (b) Qualifications.--
          (1) Each member of the Commission shall be a citizen 
        of the United States.
          (2)(A) No member of the Commission or person employed 
        by the Commission shall--
                          (i) be financially interested in any 
                        company or other entity engaged in the 
                        manufacture or sale of 
                        telecommunications equipment which is 
                        subject to regulation by the 
                        Commission;
                          (ii) be financially interested in any 
                        company or other entity engaged in the 
                        business of communication by wire or 
                        radio or in the use of the 
                        electromagnetic spectrum;
                          (iii) by financially interested in 
                        any company or other entity which 
                        controls any company or other entity 
                        specified in clause (i) or clause (ii), 
                        or which derives a significant portion 
                        of its total income from ownership of 
                        stocks, bonds, or other securities of 
                        any such company or other entity; or
                          (iv) be employed by, hold any 
                        official relation to, or own any 
                        stocks, bonds, or other securities of, 
                        any person significantly regulated by 
                        the Commission under this Act;
          (1) except that the prohibitions established in this 
        subparagraph shall apply only to financial interests in 
        any company or other entity which has a significant 
        interest in communications, manufacturing, or sales 
        activities which are subject to regulation by the 
        Commission.
                  (B)(i) The Commission shall have authority to 
                waive, from time to time, the application of 
                the prohibitions established in subparagraph 
                (A) to persons employed by the Commission if 
                the Commission determines that the financial 
                interests of a person which are involved in a 
                particular case are minimal, except that such 
                waiver authority shall be subject to the 
                provisions of section 208 of title 18, United 
                States Code. The waiver authority established 
                in this subparagraph shall not apply with 
                respect to members of the Commission.
                          (ii) In any case in which the 
                        Commission exercises the waiver 
                        authority established in this 
                        subparagraph, the Commission shall 
                        publish notice of such action in the 
                        Federal Register and shall furnish 
                        notice of such action to the 
                        appropriate committees of each House of 
                        the Congress. Each such notice shall 
                        include information regarding the 
                        identity of the person receiving the 
                        waiver, the position held by such 
                        person, and the nature of the financial 
                        interests which are the subject of the 
                        waiver.
          (3) The Commission, in determining whether a company 
        or other entity has a significant interest in 
        communications, manufacturing, or sales activities 
        which are subject to regulation by the Commission, 
        shall consider (without excluding other relevant 
        factors)--
                  (A) the revenues, investments, profits, and 
                managerial efforts directed to the related 
                communications, manufacturing, or sales 
                activities of the company or other entity 
                involved, as compared to the other aspects of 
                the business of such company or other entity;
                  (B) the extent to which the Commission 
                regulates and oversees the activities of such 
                company or other entity;
                  (C) the degree to which the economic 
                interests of such company or other entity may 
                be affected by any action of the Commission; 
                and
                  (D) the perceptions held by the public 
                regarding the business activities of such 
                company or other entity.
          (4) Members of the Commission shall not engage in any 
        other business, vocation, profession, or employment 
        while serving as such members.
          (5) The maximum number of commissioners who may be 
        members of the same political party shall be a number 
        equal to the least number of commissioners which 
        constitute a majority of the full membership of the 
        Commission.
  [(c) Terms of Office; Vacancies.--commissioners shall be 
appointed for terms of five years and until their successors 
are appointed and have been confirmed and taken the oath of 
office, except that they shall not continue to serve beyond the 
expiration of the next session of Congress subsequent to the 
expiration of said fixed term of office; except that any person 
chosen to fill a vacancy shall be appointed only for the 
unexpired term of the Commissioner whom he succeeds. No vacancy 
in the Commission shall impair the right of the remaining 
commissioners to exercise all the powers of the Commission.]
  (c)(1) A commissioner--
          (A) shall be appointed for a term of 5 years;
          (B) except as provided in subparagraph (C), may 
        continue to serve after the expiration of the fixed 
        term of office of the commissioner until a successor is 
        appointed and has been confirmed and taken the oath of 
        office; and
          (C) may not continue to serve after the expiration of 
        the session of Congress that begins after the 
        expiration of the fixed term of office of the 
        commissioner.
  (2) Any person chosen to fill a vacancy in the Commission--
          (A) shall be appointed for the unexpired term of the 
        commissioner that the person succeeds;
          (B) except as provided in subparagraph (C), may 
        continue to serve after the expiration of the fixed 
        term of office of the commissioner that the person 
        succeeds until a successor is appointed and has been 
        confirmed and taken the oath of office; and
          (C) may not continue to serve after the expiration of 
        the session of Congress that begins after the 
        expiration of the fixed term of office of the 
        commissioner that the person succeeds.
  (3) No vacancy in the Commission shall impair the right of 
the remaining commissioners to exercise all the powers of the 
Commission.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (p) Budget Estimates and Requests; Legislative 
Recommendations, Testimony, and Comments on Legislation; 
Semiannual Reports.--
          (1) Budget estimates and requests.--If the Commission 
        submits any budget estimate or request to the President 
        or the Office of Management and Budget, the Commission 
        shall concurrently transmit a copy of that estimate or 
        request to Congress.
          (2) Legislative recommendations, testimony, and 
        comments on legislation.--
                  (A) In general.--If the Commission submits 
                any legislative recommendations, testimony, or 
                comments on legislation to the President or the 
                Office of Management and Budget, the Commission 
                shall concurrently transmit a copy thereof to 
                Congress.
                  (B) Prohibition.--No officer or agency of the 
                United States may require the Commission to 
                submit legislative recommendations, testimony, 
                or comments on legislation to any officer or 
                agency of the United States for approval, 
                comments, or review prior to the submission of 
                the recommendations, testimony, or comments to 
                Congress.
          (3) Office of inspector general semiannual reports.--
                  (A) In general.--Notwithstanding section 5(b) 
                of the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. 
                App.), the Inspector General of the Commission 
                shall concurrently submit each semiannual 
                report required under such section 5(b) to the 
                Commission and to the appropriate committees or 
                subcommittees of Congress.
                  (B) Rule of construction.--Nothing in 
                subparagraph (A) shall be construed to modify 
                the requirement for the Commission to submit to 
                the appropriate committees or subcommittees of 
                Congress each such semiannual report together 
                with a report by the Commission under such 
                section 5(b).

[SEC. 6. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

                            [47 U.S.C. 156]

  [(a) There are authorized to be appropriated for the 
administration of this Act by the Commission $109,831,000 for 
fiscal year 1990 and $119,831,000 for fiscal year 1991, 
together with such sums as may be necessary for increases 
resulting from adjustments in salary, pay, retirement, other 
employee benefits required by law, and other nondiscretionary 
costs, for each of the fiscal years 1990 and 1991.
  [(b) In addition to the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
under this section, not more than 4 percent of the amount of 
any fees or other charges payable to the United States which 
are collected by the Commission during fiscal year 1990 are 
authorized to be made available to the Commission until 
expended to defray the fully distributed costs of such fees 
collection.
  [(c) Of the amounts appropriated pursuant to subsection (a) 
for fiscal year 1991, such sums as may be necessary not to 
exceed $2,000,000 shall be expended for upgrading and 
modernizing equipment at the Commission's electronic emissions 
test laboratory located in Laurel, Maryland.
  [(d) Of the sum appropriated in any fiscal year under this 
section, a portion, in an amount determined under section 9(b), 
shall be derived from fees authorized by section 9.]

SEC. 6. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

                            [47 U.S.C. 156]

  (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated for 
the administration of this Act by the Commission, other than 
the activities described in subsection (b), $361,116,000 for 
fiscal year 2017 and $348,711,000 for fiscal year 2018, 
together with such sums as may be necessary for increases 
resulting from adjustments in salary, pay, retirement, other 
employee benefits required by law, and other nondiscretionary 
costs, for each such fiscal year.
  (b) Office of Inspector General.--Of the amounts appropriated 
under subsection (a), not less than $11,751,000 for fiscal year 
2017 and not less than $11,904,000 for fiscal year 2018 shall 
be for salaries and expenses of the Office of Inspector General 
of the Commission.
  (c) New or Reconfigured Facility.--Of the amounts 
appropriated under subsection (a) for fiscal year 2017, such 
sums as may be necessary not to exceed $16,867,000 shall remain 
available until expended for necessary expenses of the 
Commission associated with moving to a new facility or 
reconfiguring the existing facility to significantly reduce 
space consumption.
  (d) Offsetting Collections.--Of the sum appropriated in any 
fiscal year under this section, a portion, in an amount 
determined under section 9(b), shall be derived from fees 
authorized by section 9.

SEC. 227. RESTRICTIONS ON USE OF TELEPHONE EQUIPMENT.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ The amendments made to section 227 of the Communications Act of 
1934 (47 U.S.C. 227) shall take effect on the date that is 6 months 
after the date on which the Commission prescribes regulations under 
section 11(a)(4) of this Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                            [47 U.S.C. 227]

  (a) Definitions.--As used in this section--
          (1) The term ``automatic telephone dialing system'' 
        means equipment which has the capacity--
                  (A) to store or produce telephone numbers to 
                be called, using a random or sequential number 
                generator; and
                  (B) to dial such numbers.
          (2) The term ``established business relationship'', 
        for purposes only of subsection (b)(1)(C)(i), shall 
        have the meaning given the term in section 64.1200 of 
        title 47, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on 
        January 1, 2003, except that--
                  (A) such term shall include a relationship 
                between a person or entity and a business 
                subscriber subject to the same terms applicable 
                under such section to a relationship between a 
                person or entity and a residential subscriber; 
                and
                  (B) an established business relationship 
                shall be subject to any time limitation 
                established pursuant to paragraph (2)(G)).
          (3) The term ``telephone facsimile machine'' means 
        equipment which has the capacity (A) to transcribe text 
        or images, or both, from paper into an electronic 
        signal and to transmit that signal over a regular 
        telephone line, or (B) to transcribe text or images (or 
        both) from an electronic signal received over a regular 
        telephone line onto paper.
          (4) The term ``telephone solicitation'' means the 
        initiation of a telephone call or message for the 
        purpose of encouraging the purchase or rental of, or 
        investment in, property, goods, or services, which is 
        transmitted to any person, but such term does not 
        include a call or message (A) to any person with that 
        person's prior express invitation or permission, (B) to 
        any person with whom the caller has an established 
        business relationship, or (C) by a tax exempt nonprofit 
        organization.
          (5) The term ``unsolicited advertisement'' means any 
        material advertising the commercial availability or 
        quality of any property, goods, or services which is 
        transmitted to any person without that person's prior 
        express invitation or permission, in writing or 
        otherwise.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (e) Prohibition on Provision of Misleading Or Inaccurate 
Caller Identification Information.--
          (1) In general.--It shall be unlawful for any person 
        within the United States, [in connection with any 
        telecommunications service or IP-enabled voice service] 
        or any person outside the United States if the 
        recipient of the call is within the United States, in 
        connection with any voice service or text messaging 
        service, to cause any caller identification service to 
        knowingly transmit misleading or inaccurate caller 
        identification information with the intent to defraud, 
        cause harm, or wrongfully obtain anything of value, 
        unless such transmission is exempted pursuant to 
        paragraph (3)(B).
          (2) Protection for blocking caller identification 
        information.--Nothing in this subsection may be 
        construed to prevent or restrict any person from 
        blocking the capability of any caller identification 
        service to transmit caller identification information.
          (3) Regulations.--
                  (A) In general.--[Not later than 6 months 
                after the date of enactment of the Truth in 
                Caller ID Act of 2009, the Commission] The 
                Commission shall prescribe regulations to 
                implement this subsection.
                  (B) Content of regulations.--
                          (i) In general.--The regulations 
                        required under subparagraph (A) shall 
                        include such exemptions from the 
                        prohibition under paragraph (1) as the 
                        Commission determines is appropriate.
                          (ii) Specific exemption for law 
                        enforcement agencies or court orders.--
                        The regulations required under 
                        subparagraph (A) shall exempt from the 
                        prohibition under paragraph (1) 
                        transmissions in connection with--
                                  (I) any authorized activity 
                                of a law enforcement agency; or
                                  (II) a court order that 
                                specifically authorizes the use 
                                of caller identification 
                                manipulation.
          (4) Report.--Not later than 6 months after the 
        enactment of the Truth in Caller ID Act of 2009, the 
        Commission shall report to Congress whether additional 
        legislation is necessary to prohibit the provision of 
        inaccurate caller identification information in 
        technologies that are successor or replacement 
        technologies to telecommunications service or IP-
        enabled voice service.
          (5) Penalties.--
                  (A) Civil forfeiture.--
                          (i) In general.--Any person that is 
                        determined by the Commission, in 
                        accordance with paragraphs (3) and (4) 
                        of section 503(b), to have violated 
                        this subsection shall be liable to the 
                        United States for a forfeiture penalty. 
                        A forfeiture penalty under this 
                        paragraph shall be in addition to any 
                        other penalty provided for by this Act. 
                        The amount of the forfeiture penalty 
                        determined under this paragraph shall 
                        not exceed $10,000 for each violation, 
                        or 3 times that amount for each day of 
                        a continuing violation, except that the 
                        amount assessed for any continuing 
                        violation shall not exceed a total of 
                        $1,000,000 for any single act or 
                        failure to act.
                          (ii) Recovery.--Any forfeiture 
                        penalty determined under clause (i) 
                        shall be recoverable pursuant to 
                        section 504(a).
                          (iii) Procedure.--No forfeiture 
                        liability shall be determined under 
                        clause (i) against any person unless 
                        such person receives the notice 
                        required by section 503(b)(3) or 
                        section 503(b)(4).
                          (iv) 2-year statute of limitations.--
                        No forfeiture penalty shall be 
                        determined or imposed against any 
                        person under clause (i) if the 
                        violation charged occurred more than 2 
                        years prior to the date of issuance of 
                        the required notice or notice or 
                        apparent liability.
                  (B) Criminal fine.--Any person who willfully 
                and knowingly violates this subsection shall 
                upon conviction thereof be fined not more than 
                $10,000 for each violation, or 3 times that 
                amount for each day of a continuing violation, 
                in lieu of the fine provided by section 501 for 
                such a violation. This subparagraph does not 
                supersede the provisions of section 501 
                relating to imprisonment or the imposition of a 
                penalty of both fine and imprisonment.
          (6) Enforcement by states.--
                  (A) In general.--The chief legal officer of a 
                State, or any other State officer authorized by 
                law to bring actions on behalf of the residents 
                of a State, may bring a civil action, as parens 
                patriae, on behalf of the residents of that 
                State in an appropriate district court of the 
                United States to enforce this subsection or to 
                impose the civil penalties for violation of 
                this subsection, whenever the chief legal 
                officer or other State officer has reason to 
                believe that the interests of the residents of 
                the State have been or are being threatened or 
                adversely affected by a violation of this 
                subsection or a regulation under this 
                subsection.
                  (B) Notice.--The chief legal officer or other 
                State officer shall serve written notice on the 
                Commission of any civil action under 
                subparagraph (A) prior to initiating such civil 
                action. The notice shall include a copy of the 
                complaint to be filed to initiate such civil 
                action, except that if it is not feasible for 
                the State to provide such prior notice, the 
                State shall provide such notice immediately 
                upon instituting such civil action.
                  (C) Authority to intervene.--Upon receiving 
                the notice required by subparagraph (B), the 
                Commission shall have the right--
                          (i) to intervene in the action;
                          (ii) upon so intervening, to be heard 
                        on all matters arising therein; and
                          (iii) to file petitions for appeal.
                  (D) Construction.--For purposes of bringing 
                any civil action under subparagraph (A), 
                nothing in this paragraph shall prevent the 
                chief legal officer or other State officer from 
                exercising the powers conferred on that officer 
                by the laws of such State to conduct 
                investigations or to administer oaths or 
                affirmations or to compel the attendance of 
                witnesses or the production of documentary and 
                other evidence.
                  (E) Venue; service or process.--
                          (i) Venue.--An action brought under 
                        subparagraph (A) shall be brought in a 
                        district court of the United States 
                        that meets applicable requirements 
                        relating to venue under section 1391 of 
                        title 28, United States Code.
                          (ii) Service of process.--In an 
                        action brought under subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) process may be served 
                                without regard to the 
                                territorial limits of the 
                                district or of the State in 
                                which the action is instituted; 
                                and
                                  (II) a person who 
                                participated in an alleged 
                                violation that is being 
                                litigated in the civil action 
                                may be joined in the civil 
                                action without regard to the 
                                residence of the person.
          (7) Effect on other laws.--This subsection does not 
        prohibit any lawfully authorized investigative, 
        protective, or intelligence activity of a law 
        enforcement agency of the United States, a State, or a 
        political subdivision of a State, or of an intelligence 
        agency of the United States.
          (8) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection:
                  (A) Caller identification information.--The 
                term ``caller identification information'' 
                means information provided by a caller 
                identification service regarding the telephone 
                number of, or other information regarding the 
                origination of, a call made using a 
                [telecommunications service or IP-enabled voice 
                service] voice service or a text message sent 
                using a text messaging service.
                  (B) Caller identification service.--The term 
                ``caller identification service'' means any 
                service or device designed to provide the user 
                of the service or device with the telephone 
                number of, or other information regarding the 
                origination of, a call made using a 
                [telecommunications service or IP-enabled voice 
                service] voice service or a text message sent 
                using a text messaging service. Such term 
                includes automatic number identification 
                services.
                  [(C) IP-enabled voice service.--The term 
                ``IP-enabled voice service'' has the meaning 
                given that term by section 9.3 of the 
                Commission's regulations (47 C.F.R. 9.3), as 
                those regulations may be amended by the 
                Commission from time to time.]
                  (C) Text message.--The term ``text 
                message''--
                          (i) means a message consisting of 
                        text, images, sounds, or other 
                        information that is transmitted from or 
                        received by a device that is identified 
                        as the transmitting or receiving device 
                        by means of a 10-digit telephone 
                        number;
                          (ii) includes a short message service 
                        (commonly referred to as ``SMS'') 
                        message, an enhanced message service 
                        (commonly referred to as ``EMS'') 
                        message, and a multimedia message 
                        service (commonly referred to as 
                        ``MMS'') message; and
                          (iii) does not include a real-time, 
                        2-way voice or video communication.
                  (D) Text messaging service.--The term ``text 
                messaging service'' means a service that 
                permits the transmission or receipt of a text 
                message, including a service provided as part 
                of or in connection with a voice service.
                  (E) Voice service.--The term ``voice 
                service''--
                          (i) means any service that furnishes 
                        voice communications to an end user 
                        using resources from the North American 
                        Numbering Plan or any successor to the 
                        North American Numbering Plan adopted 
                        by the Commission under section 
                        251(e)(1); and
                          (ii) includes transmissions from a 
                        telephone facsimile machine, computer, 
                        or other device to a telephone 
                        facsimile machine.
          (9) Limitation.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of this section, subsection (f) shall not apply to this 
        subsection or to the regulations under this subsection.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 254. UNIVERSAL SERVICE.

                            [47 U.S.C. 254]

  (a) Procedures to Review Universal Service Requirements.--
          (1) Federal-state joint board on universal service.--
        Within one month after the date of enactment of the 
        Telecommunications Act of 1996, the Commission shall 
        institute and refer to a Federal-State Joint Board 
        under section 410(c) a proceeding to recommend changes 
        to any of its regulations in order to implement 
        sections 214(e) and this section, including the 
        definition of the services that are supported by 
        Federal universal service support mechanisms and a 
        specific timetable for completion of such 
        recommendations. In addition to the members of the 
        Joint Board required under section 410(c), one member 
        of such Joint Board shall be a State-appointed utility 
        consumer advocate nominated by a national organization 
        of State utility consumer advocates. The Joint Board 
        shall, after notice and opportunity for public comment, 
        make its recommendations to the Commission 9 months 
        after the date of enactment of the Telecommunications 
        Act of 1996.
          (2) Commission action.--The Commission shall initiate 
        a single proceeding to implement the recommendations 
        from the Joint Board required by paragraph (1) and 
        shall complete such proceeding within 15 months after 
        the date of enactment of the Telecommunications Act of 
        1996. The rules established by such proceeding shall 
        include a definition of the services that are supported 
        by Federal universal service support mechanisms and a 
        specific timetable for implementation. Thereafter, the 
        Commission shall complete any proceeding to implement 
        subsequent recommendations from any Joint Board on 
        universal service within one year after receiving such 
        recommendations.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (l) Internet Safety Policy Requirement for Schools and 
Libraries.--
          (1) In general.--In carrying out its responsibilities 
        under subsection (h), each school or library to which 
        subsection (h) applies shall--
                  (A) adopt and implement an Internet safety 
                policy that addresses--
                          (i) access by minors to inappropriate 
                        matter on the Internet and World Wide 
                        Web;
                          (ii) the safety and security of 
                        minors when using electronic mail, chat 
                        rooms, and other forms of direct 
                        electronic communications;
                          (iii) unauthorized access, including 
                        so-called "hacking", and other unlawful 
                        activities by minors online;
                          (iv) unauthorized disclosure, use, 
                        and dissemination of personal 
                        identification information regarding 
                        minors; and
                          (v) measures designed to restrict 
                        minors' access to materials harmful to 
                        minors; and
                  (B) provide reasonable public notice and hold 
                at least one public hearing or meeting to 
                address the proposed Internet safety policy.
          (2) Local determination of content.--A determination 
        regarding what matter is inappropriate for minors shall 
        be made by the school board, local educational agency, 
        library, or other authority responsible for making the 
        determination. No agency or instrumentality of the 
        United States Government may--
                  (A) establish criteria for making such 
                determination;
                  (B) review the determination made by the 
                certifying school, school board, local 
                educational agency, library, or other 
                authority; or
                  (C) consider the criteria employed by the 
                certifying school, school board, local 
                educational agency, library, or other authority 
                in the administration of subsection (h)(1)(B).
          (3) Availability for review.--Each Internet safety 
        policy adopted under this subsection shall be made 
        available to the Commission, upon request of the 
        Commission, by the school, school board, local 
        educational agency, library, or other authority 
        responsible for adopting such Internet safety policy 
        for purposes of the review of such Internet safety 
        policy by the Commission.
          (4) Effective date.--This subsection shall apply with 
        respect to schools and libraries on or after the date 
        that is 120 days after the date of the enactment of the 
        Children's Internet Protection Act.
  (m) Impact of Universal Service Support on Tribes.--
          (1) Definition.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``tribal land'' means land included in the definition 
        of ``Tribal lands'' in section 54.400 of title 47, Code 
        of Federal Regulations, or any successor regulation.
          (2) Measuring impact of universal service support on 
        tribal land.--
                  (A) Development of metrics.--Not later than 
                December 31, 2017, for each universal service 
                support mechanism, the Commission shall develop 
                and implement metrics to measure the impact of 
                universal service support on the deployment and 
                adoption of broadband, including--
                          (i) deployment on tribal land and 
                        adoption by residents of tribal land;
                          (ii) adoption by--
                                  (I) schools and libraries 
                                located on tribal land; and
                                  (II) schools and libraries 
                                that serve large numbers of 
                                residents of tribal land; and
                          (iii) adoption by--
                                  (I) health care facilities 
                                located on tribal land; and
                                  (II) rural health care 
                                providers that serve large 
                                numbers of residents of tribal 
                                land.
                  (B) Data.--In developing and implementing 
                metrics under subparagraph (A), the Commission 
                shall rely on data collected from multiple 
                sources, including--
                          (i) data collected by the Commission 
                        or the Universal Service Administrative 
                        Company in the course of administering 
                        the universal service support 
                        mechanisms;
                          (ii) data collected by--
                                  (I) other agencies such as 
                                the Department of Education, 
                                the Department of Health and 
                                Human Services, the Bureau of 
                                Indian Affairs (including data 
                                on the Rights of Way on Indian 
                                Land Final Rule (25 C.F.R. 
                                169)), and the Department of 
                                Commerce; and
                                  (II) tribal, State, and local 
                                governments;
                          (iii) data collected by tribally-
                        owned and non-tribally-owned broadband 
                        service providers; and
                          (iv) other private sector sources of 
                        information.
          (3) Analyzing and reporting on impact of universal 
        service support on tribes and tribal land.--Beginning 
        in 2018, the Commission shall prepare and submit to 
        Congress a biennial report that--
                  (A) includes the measurements taken under 
                paragraph (2);
                  (B) addresses ways to improve the efficacy of 
                universal service support on tribal land and 
                for residents of tribal land with regard to 
                broadband deployment and adoption;
                  (C) identifies barriers to broadband adoption 
                and deployment on tribal land;
                  (D) addresses ways to overcome the barriers 
                described in subparagraph (C);
                  (E) addresses ways to improve the collection 
                of data or use of open data sources by the 
                Commission to better measure the deployment and 
                adoption of broadband on tribal land;
                  (F) examines ways to implement or improve 
                measurements that show the impact of universal 
                service support on members of tribes who do not 
                live on tribal land; and
                  (G) examines ways to implement or improve 
                measurements that show the impact of universal 
                service support on eligible schools, libraries, 
                and rural health care providers that are not 
                located on tribal land but serve large numbers 
                of residents of tribal land.
          (4) No increase in administrative burden.--In 
        carrying out this subsection, the Commission shall 
        ensure that any data collection efforts do not result 
        in a net increase in the administrative burden on 
        private sector sources of information.
          (5) Working group.--The Commission shall convene a 
        multi-stakeholder working group to examine ways to 
        establish metrics under paragraph (2) that--
                  (A) do not place additional burdens on 
                carriers; and
                  (B) utilize open data resources.
          (6) Sunset.--This subsection shall terminate on 
        December 31, 2032.

SEC. 309. APPLICATION FOR LICENSE.

                            [47 U.S.C. 309]

  (a) Considerations in Granting Application.--Subject to the 
provisions of this section, the Commission shall determine, in 
the case of each application filed with it to which section 308 
applies, whether the public interest, convenience, and 
necessity will be served by the granting of such application, 
and, if the Commission, upon examination of such application 
and upon consideration of such other matters as the Commission 
may officially notice, shall find that public interest, 
convenience, and necessity would be served by the granting 
thereof, it shall grant such application.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (j) Use of Competitive Bidding.--
          (1) General authority.--If, consistent with the 
        obligations described in paragraph (6)(E), mutually 
        exclusive applications are accepted for any initial 
        license or construction permit, then, except as 
        provided in paragraph (2), the Commission shall grant 
        the license or permit to a qualified applicant through 
        a system of competitive bidding that meets the 
        requirements of this subsection.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (8) Treatment of revenues.--.
                  (A) General rule.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (B), (D), (E), (F), and (G), all 
                proceeds from the use of a competitive bidding 
                system under this subsection shall be deposited 
                in the Treasury in accordance with chapter 33 
                of title 31, United States Code.
                  (B) Retention of revenues.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), the salaries and expenses 
                account of the Commission shall retain as an 
                offsetting collection such sums as may be 
                necessary from such proceeds for the costs of 
                developing and implementing the program 
                required by this subsection. Such offsetting 
                collections shall be available for obligation 
                subject to the terms and conditions of the 
                receiving appropriations account, and shall be 
                deposited in such accounts on a quarterly 
                basis. Such offsetting collections are 
                authorized to remain available until expended. 
                No sums may be retained under this subparagraph 
                during any fiscal year beginning after 
                September 30, 1998, if the annual report of the 
                Commission under section 4(k) for the [second] 
                preceding fiscal year fails to include in the 
                itemized statement required by paragraph (3) of 
                such section a statement of each expenditure 
                made for purposes of conducting competitive 
                bidding under this subsection during such 
                [second] preceding fiscal year.
                  [(C) Deposit and use of auction escrow 
                accounts.--Any deposits the Commission may 
                require for the qualification of any person to 
                bid in a system of competitive bidding pursuant 
                to this subsection shall be deposited in an 
                interest bearing account at a financial 
                institution designated for purposes of this 
                subsection by the Commission (after 
                consultation with the Secretary of the 
                Treasury). Within 45 days following the 
                conclusion of the competitive bidding--
                          [(i) the deposits of successful 
                        bidders shall be paid to the Treasury, 
                        except as otherwise provided in 
                        subparagraphs (D)(ii), (E)(ii), (F), 
                        and (G);
                          [(ii) the deposits of unsuccessful 
                        bidders shall be returned to such 
                        bidders; and
                          [(iii) the interest accrued to the 
                        account shall be deposited in the 
                        general fund of the Treasury, where 
                        such amount shall be dedicated for the 
                        sole purpose of deficit reduction.]
                  (C) Deposits.--Any deposits the Commission 
                may require for the qualification of any person 
                to bid in a system of competitive bidding 
                pursuant to this subsection shall be deposited 
                in the Treasury. Within 45 days following the 
                conclusion of the competitive bidding--
                          (i) the deposits of successful 
                        bidders shall be credited to the 
                        deposit fund of the Treasury, except as 
                        otherwise provided in subparagraphs 
                        (D)(ii), (E)(ii), (F), and (G); and
                          (ii) the deposits of unsuccessful 
                        bidders shall be returned to such 
                        bidders.
                  (D) Proceeds from reallocated federal 
                spectrum.--
                          (i) In general.--Except as provided 
                        in clause (ii), cash proceeds 
                        attributable to the auction of any 
                        eligible frequencies described in 
                        section 113(g)(2) of the National 
                        Telecommunications and Information 
                        Administration Organization Act (47 
                        U.S.C. 923(g)(2)) shall be deposited in 
                        the Spectrum Relocation Fund 
                        established under section 118 of such 
                        Act, and shall be available in 
                        accordance with that section.
                          (ii) Certain other proceeds.--
                        Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) and 
                        except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
                        in the case of proceeds (including 
                        deposits and upfront payments from 
                        successful bidders) attributable to the 
                        auction of eligible frequencies 
                        described in paragraph (2) of section 
                        113(g) of the National 
                        Telecommunications and Information 
                        Administration Organization Act that 
                        are required to be auctioned by section 
                        6401(b)(1)(B) of the Middle Class Tax 
                        Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012, 
                        such portion of such proceeds as is 
                        necessary to cover the relocation or 
                        sharing costs (as defined in paragraph 
                        (3) of such section 113(g)) of Federal 
                        entities relocated from such eligible 
                        frequencies shall be deposited in the 
                        Spectrum Relocation Fund. The remainder 
                        of such proceeds shall be deposited in 
                        the Public Safety Trust Fund 
                        established by section 6413(a)(1) of 
                        the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job 
                        Creation Act of 2012.
                  (E) Transfer of receipts.--
                          (i) Establishment of fund.--There is 
                        established in the Treasury of the 
                        United States a fund to be known as the 
                        Digital Television Transition and 
                        Public Safety Fund.
                          (ii) Proceeds for funds.--
                        Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the 
                        proceeds (including deposits and 
                        upfront payments from successful 
                        bidders) from the use of a competitive 
                        bidding system under this subsection 
                        with respect to recovered analog 
                        spectrum shall be deposited in the 
                        Digital Television Transition and 
                        Public Safety Fund.
                          (iii) Transfer of amount to 
                        treasury.--On September 30, 2009, the 
                        Secretary shall transfer $7,363,000,000 
                        from the Digital Television Transition 
                        and Public Safety Fund to the general 
                        fund of the Treasury.
                          (iv) Recovered analog spectrum.--For 
                        purposes of clause (i), the term 
                        ``recovered analog spectrum'' has the 
                        meaning provided in paragraph 
                        (15)(C)(vi).
                  (F) Certain proceeds designated for public 
                safety trust fund.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A) and except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (B) and (D)(ii), the proceeds 
                (including deposits and upfront payments from 
                successful bidders) from the use of a system of 
                competitive bidding under this subsection 
                pursuant to section 6401(b)(1)(B) of the Middle 
                Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 
                shall be deposited in the Public Safety Trust 
                Fund established by section 6413(a)(1) of such 
                Act.
                  (G) Incentive auctions.--
                          (i) In general.--Notwithstanding 
                        subparagraph (A) and except as provided 
                        in subparagraph (B), the Commission may 
                        encourage a licensee to relinquish 
                        voluntarily some or all of its licensed 
                        spectrum usage rights in order to 
                        permit the assignment of new initial 
                        licenses subject to flexible-use 
                        service rules by sharing with such 
                        licensee a portion, based on the value 
                        of the relinquished rights as 
                        determined in the reverse auction 
                        required by clause (ii)(I), of the 
                        proceeds (including deposits and 
                        upfront payments from successful 
                        bidders) from the use of a competitive 
                        bidding system under this subsection.
                          (ii) Limitations.--The Commission may 
                        not enter into an agreement for a 
                        licensee to relinquish spectrum usage 
                        rights in exchange for a share of 
                        auction proceeds under clause (i) 
                        unless--
                                  (I) the Commission conducts a 
                                reverse auction to determine 
                                the amount of compensation that 
                                licensees would accept in 
                                return for voluntarily 
                                relinquishing spectrum usage 
                                rights; and
                                  (II) at least two competing 
                                licensees participate in the 
                                reverse auction.
                          (iii) Treatment of revenues.--
                        Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) and 
                        except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
                        the proceeds (including deposits and 
                        upfront payments from successful 
                        bidders) from any auction, prior to the 
                        end of fiscal year 2022, of spectrum 
                        usage rights made available under 
                        clause (i) that are not shared with 
                        licensees under such clause shall be 
                        deposited as follows:
                                  (I) $1,750,000,000 of the 
                                proceeds from the incentive 
                                auction of broadcast television 
                                spectrum required by section 
                                6403 of the Middle Class Tax 
                                Relief and Job Creation Act of 
                                2012 shall be deposited in the 
                                TV Broadcaster Relocation Fund 
                                established by subsection 
                                (d)(1) of such section.
                                  (II) All other proceeds shall 
                                be deposited--
                                          (aa) prior to the end 
                                        of fiscal year 2022, in 
                                        the Public Safety Trust 
                                        Fund established by 
                                        section 6413(a)(1) of 
                                        such Act; and
                                          (bb) after the end of 
                                        fiscal year 2022, in 
                                        the general fund of the 
                                        Treasury, where such 
                                        proceeds shall be 
                                        dedicated for the sole 
                                        purpose of deficit 
                                        reduction.
                          (iv) Congressional notification.--At 
                        least 3 months before any incentive 
                        auction conducted under this 
                        subparagraph, the Chairman of the 
                        Commission, in consultation with the 
                        Director of the Office of Management 
                        and Budget, shall notify the 
                        appropriate committees of Congress of 
                        the methodology for calculating the 
                        amounts that will be shared with 
                        licensees under clause (i).
                          (v) Definition.--In this 
                        subparagraph, the term ``appropriate 
                        committees of Congress'' means--
                                  (I) the Committee on 
                                Commerce, Science, and 
                                Transportation of the Senate;
                                  (II) the Committee on 
                                Appropriations of the Senate;
                                  (III) the Committee on Energy 
                                and Commerce of the House of 
                                Representatives; and
                                  (IV) the Committee on 
                                Appropriations of the House of 
                                Representatives.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (18) Estimate of upcoming auctions.--
                  (A) Not later than September 30, 2016, and 
                annually thereafter, the Commission shall make 
                publicly available an estimate of what systems 
                of competitive bidding authorized under this 
                subsection may be initiated during the upcoming 
                12-month period.
                  (B) The estimate under subparagraph (A) 
                shall, to the extent possible, identify the 
                bands of frequencies the Commission expects to 
                be included in each such system of competitive 
                bidding.

SEC. 721. DEFAULT CONFIGURATION OF MULTI-LINE TELEPHONE SYSTEMS FOR 
                    DIRECT DIALING OF 9-1-1.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ This amendment shall apply with respect to a multiline 
telephone system that is manufactured, imported, offered for first sale 
or lease, first sold or leased, or installed after the date that is 2 
years after the date of enactment of this Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (a) Definitions.--In this section--
          (1) the term ``multi-line telephone system'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 6502 of the Middle 
        Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (47 
        U.S.C. 1471); and
          (2) the term ``public safety answering point'' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 222(h) of this 
        Act.
  (b) Multi-line Telephone System Functionality.--A person 
engaged in the business of manufacturing, importing, selling, 
or leasing multi-line telephone systems may not manufacture or 
import for use in the United States or sell or lease or offer 
to sell or lease in the United States a multi-line telephone 
system unless the system's technology would allow installation 
as specified in subsection (c).
  (c) Multi-line Telephone System Installation.--A person 
engaged in the business of installing a multi-line telephone 
system serving locations in the United States may not install 
such a system in the United States unless upon installation the 
system allows a call that is initiated when a user dials 9-1-1 
from any station equipped with dialing facilities to be 
transmitted to the appropriate public safety answering point--
          (1) without requiring the user to dial any additional 
        digit, code, prefix, or post-fix, including any trunk-
        access code (such as the digit ``9''); and
          (2) regardless of whether the user is required to 
        dial such a digit, code, prefix, or post-fix for other 
        calls.
  (d) Other 9-1-1 Emergency Dialing Patterns.--Nothing in this 
section shall prohibit the configuration of a multi-line 
telephone system so that other 9-1-1 emergency dialing patterns 
will also initiate a call to a public safety answering point, 
provided that the dialing pattern 9-1-1 remains available to 
users.
  (e) On-Site Notification.--
          (1) In general.--A person engaged in the business of 
        installing multi-line telephone systems, in installing 
        a system described in paragraph (2), shall configure 
        the system so that when a person at the facility where 
        the system is installed initiates a call to 9-1-1 using 
        the system, the system provides a notification to--
                  (A) a central location at the facility; or
                  (B) a person or organization with 
                responsibility for safety or security for the 
                location as designated by the manager or 
                operator of the system.
          (2) Application.--A system described in this 
        paragraph is a multi-line telephone system that is able 
        to be configured to provide the notification described 
        in paragraph (1) without an improvement to the hardware 
        of the system.
  (f) Regulations.--
          (1) Authority.--The Commission may prescribe 
        regulations to carry out this section.
          (2) Technologically neutral.--Regulations prescribed 
        under paragraph (1) shall, to the extent practicable, 
        promote the purposes of this section in a 
        technologically neutral manner.
  (g) Enforcement.--This section shall be enforced under title 
V, except that section 501 applies only to the extent that the 
section provides for the imposition of a fine.
  (h) Effect on State Law.--Nothing in this section or in 
regulations prescribed under this section shall be construed to 
prevent any State from enforcing any State law that is not 
inconsistent with this section.

       UNIVERSAL SERVICE ANTIDEFICIENCY TEMPORARY SUSPENSION ACT


                  [Public Law 108-494; 118 Stat. 3986]

SEC. 302. APPLICATION OF CERTAIN TITLE 31 PROVISIONS TO UNIVERSAL 
                    SERVICE FUND.

                            [118 Stat. 3998]

  (a) In General.--During the period beginning on the date of 
enactment of this Act and ending on [December 31, 2017] 
September 30, 2018, section 1341 and subchapter II of chapter 
15 of title 31, United States Code, do not apply--
          (1) to any amount collected or received as Federal 
        universal service contributions required by section 254 
        of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 254), 
        including any interest earned on such contributions; 
        nor
          (2) to the expenditure or obligation of amounts 
        attributable to such contributions for universal 
        service support programs established pursuant to that 
        section.
  (b) Post-2005 Fulfillment of Protected Obligations.--Section 
1341 and subchapter II of chapter 15 of title 31, United States 
Code, do not apply after [December 31, 2017] September 30, 
2018, to an expenditure or obligation described in subsection 
(a)(2) made or authorized during the period described in 
subsection (a).

                                  [all]