[House Report 110-126] [From the U.S. Government Publishing Office] 110th Congress Report HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 1st Session 110-126 ====================================================================== ALASKA WATER RESOURCES ACT OF 2007 _______ May 7, 2007.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed _______ Mr. Rahall, from the Committee on Natural Resources, submitted the following R E P O R T [To accompany H.R. 1114] [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office] The Committee on Natural Resources, to whom was referred the bill (H.R. 1114) to require the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Bureau of Reclamation and the United States Geological Survey, to conduct a study on groundwater resources in the State of Alaska, and for other purposes, having considered the same, report favorably thereon without amendment and recommend that the bill do pass. PURPOSE OF THE BILL H.R. 1114 requires the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Bureau of Reclamation and the United States Geological Survey, to conduct a study of groundwater resources in the State of Alaska, and for other purposes. BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR LEGISLATION Due to harsh climate and wild terrain, Alaska has unique water needs. There is little information on size or recharge capabilities of groundwater aquifers, or water treatment needs and technologies in Alaska. H.R. 1114 addresses this lack of information by requiring the Bureau of Reclamation to study water supplies, water treatment, and distribution needs in Alaska, as well as require USGS to assess the adequacy of their streamflow data collection process. COMMITTEE ACTION H.R. 1114 was introduced on February 16, 2007 by Rep. Don Young (R-AK). This bill was referred to the Committee on Natural Resources, Subcommittee on Water and Power. On April 19, 2007, the Subcommittee met to consider the bill. The bill was reported, by unanimous consent, to the Full committee without amendment. On May 2, 2007, the Natural Resources Committee met to consider the bill. No amendments were offered, and the bill was ordered favorably reported to the House of Representatives by unanimous consent. Similar legislation (S. 1338) passed the Senate by unanimous consent in the 109th Congress. SECTION-BY-SECTION ANALYSIS Section 1. Short title Section 1 provides the short title of the bill. Section 2. Definitions Section 2 clarifies that the term ``Secretary'' refers to the Secretary of the Interior, and the term ``State'' refers to Alaska. Section 3. Alaska water resources study Section 3 provides that the Secretary, acting through the Bureau of Reclamation and the United States Geological Survey, is required to conduct a study that includes (1) a survey of accessible water supplies, including aquifers, on the Kenai Peninsula in the municipality of Anchorage, the Matanuska- Susitna Borough, the city of Fairbanks, and the Fairbanks Northstar Borough; (2) a survey of water treatment needs and technologies applicable to the water resources of Alaska; and (3) a review of the need for enhancement of the streamflow information collected by the Geological Survey in the state relating to critical water needs in areas such as infrastructure risks to state transportation, flood forecasting, resource extraction, and fire management. Sec. 3.(b) Report Section 3(b) requires the Secretary to submit a report on the findings of the study to Congress within 2 years. Section 4. Sunset Section 4 states that the authority to carry out the provisions of this Act terminates 10 years after enactment. Section 5. Authorization of appropriations Section 5 authorizes Congress to appropriate such sums as are necessary to carry out this Act. COMMITTEE OVERSIGHT FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Natural Resources' oversight findings and recommendations are reflected in the body of this report. CONSTITUTIONAL AUTHORITY STATEMENT Article I, section 8 of the Constitution of the United States grants Congress the authority to enact this bill. COMPLIANCE WITH HOUSE RULE XIII 1. Cost of Legislation. Clause 3(d)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives requires an estimate and a comparison by the Committee of the costs which would be incurred in carrying out this bill. However, clause 3(d)(3)(B) of that rule provides that this requirement does not apply when the Committee has included in its report a timely submitted cost estimate of the bill prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974. 2. Congressional Budget Act. As required by clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and section 308(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, this bill does not contain any new budget authority, spending authority, credit authority, or an increase or decrease in revenues or tax expenditures. 3. General Performance Goals and Objectives. As required by clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII, the general performance goal or objective of this bill is to require the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Bureau of Reclamation and the United States Geological Survey, to conduct a study of groundwater resources in the State of Alaska, and for other purposes. 4. Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate. Under clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and section 403 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee has received the following cost estimate for this bill from the Director of the Congressional Budget Office: H.R. 1114--Alaska Water Resources Act of 2007 Summary: H.R. 1114 would direct the Secretary of the Interior to conduct a study of water resources in five areas of Alaska. The study, to be completed within two years of the bill's enactment, would include a survey of accessible water supplies and water treatment needs. Assuming appropriation of the necessary funds, CBO estimates that conducting those studies would cost $8 million over the 2008-2012 period. Enacting H.R. 1114 would not affect direct spending to or revenues. H.R. 1114 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) and would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal governments. Estimated cost to the Federal Government: For this estimate, CBO assumes that H.R. 1114 will be enacted before the end of 2007. Based on the cost of similar studies, CBO estimates that carrying out the proposed study would cost $8 million over the 2008-2012 period, assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts. The estimated budgetary impact of H.R. 1114 is shown in the following table. The costs of this legislation fall within budget function 300 (natural resources and environment). ------------------------------------------------------------------------ By fiscal year, in millions of dollars-- --------------------------------------- 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ CHANGES TO SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION Estimated Authorization Level... 8 0 0 0 0 Estimated Outlays............... 4 4 0 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Intergovernmental and private-sector impact: H.R. 1114 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in UMRA and would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal governments. Previous CBO estimate: On February 8, 2007, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for S. 200, the Alaska Water Resources Act of 2007, as ordered reported by the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on January 31, 2007. S. 200 and H.R. 1114 are nearly identical, and the estimated costs of the two bills are the same. Estimate prepared by: Federal Costs: Deborah Reis. Impact on State, Local, and Tribal Governments: Lisa Ramirez-Branum. Impact on the Private Sector: Craig Cammarata. Estimate approved by: Peter H. Fontaine, Deputy Assistant Director for Budget Analysis. COMPLIANCE WITH PUBLIC LAW 104-4 This bill contains no unfunded mandates. EARMARK STATEMENT H.R. 1114 does not contain any congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined in clause 9(d), 9(e) or (f) of rule XXI. PREEMPTION OF STATE, LOCAL OR TRIBAL LAW This bill is not intended to preempt any State, local or tribal law. CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW If enacted, this bill would make no changes in existing law.