[House Report 109-534]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



109th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session                                                     109-534

======================================================================



 
               BLEEDING KANSAS NATIONAL HERITAGE AREA ACT

                                _______
                                

 June 28, 2006.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

  Mr. Pombo, from the Committee on Resources, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 413]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

  The Committee on Resources, to whom was referred the bill 
(H.R. 413) to establish the Bleeding Kansas and the Enduring 
Struggle for Freedom National Heritage Area, and for other 
purposes, having considered the same, report favorably thereon 
with an amendment and recommend that the bill as amended do 
pass.
  The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SEC. 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Bleeding Kansas National Heritage Area 
Act''.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.

  (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
          (1) The Bleeding Kansas National Heritage Area is a cohesive 
        assemblage of natural, historic, cultural, and recreational 
        resources that--
                  (A) together represent distinctive aspects of 
                American heritage worthy of recognition, conservation, 
                interpretation, and continuing use;
                  (B) are best managed through partnerships between 
                private and public entities; and
                  (C) will build upon the Kansas rural development 
                policy and the new homestead act to recognize inherent 
                strengths of small towns and rural communities--close-
                knit communities, strong local business networks, and a 
                tradition of entrepreneurial creativity.
          (2) The Bleeding Kansas National Heritage Area reflects 
        traditions, customs, beliefs, folk life, or some combination 
        thereof, that are a valuable part of the heritage of the United 
        States.
          (3) The Bleeding Kansas National Heritage Area provides 
        outstanding opportunities to conserve natural, cultural, or 
        historic features, or some combination thereof.
          (4) The Bleeding Kansas National Heritage Area provides 
        outstanding recreational and interpretive opportunities.
          (5) The Bleeding Kansas National Heritage Area has an 
        identifiable theme, and resources important to the theme retain 
        integrity capable of supporting interpretation.
          (6) Residents, nonprofit organizations, other private 
        entities, and units of local government throughout the Bleeding 
        Kansas National Heritage Area demonstrate support for 
        designation of the Bleeding Kansas National Heritage Area as a 
        national heritage area and for management of the Bleeding 
        Kansas National Heritage Area as appropriate for such 
        designation.
          (7) Capturing these interconnected stories through 
        partnerships with National Park Service sites, Kansas State 
        Historical Society sites, local organizations, and citizens 
        will augment the story opportunities within the prospective 
        boundary for the educational and recreational benefit of this 
        and future generations of Americans.
          (8) Communities throughout this region know the value of 
        their Bleeding Kansas legacy, but require expansion of the 
        existing cooperative framework to achieve key preservation, 
        education, and other significant goals by working more closely 
        together.
          (9) The State of Kansas officially recognized the national 
        significance of the Bleeding Kansas story when it designated 
        the heritage area development as a significant strategic goal 
        within the statewide economic development plan.
          (10) Territorial Kansas Heritage Alliance is a nonprofit 
        corporation created for the purposes of preserving, 
        interpreting, developing, promoting and, making available to 
        the public the story and resources related to the story of 
        Bleeding Kansas and the Enduring Struggle for Freedom.
          (11) Territorial Kansas Heritage Alliance has completed a 
        study that--
                  (A) describes in detail the role, operation, 
                financing, and functions of Territorial Kansas Heritage 
                Alliance, the local coordinating entity; and
                  (B) provides adequate assurances that Territorial 
                Kansas Heritage Alliance, the local coordinating 
                entity, is likely to have the financial resources 
                necessary to implement the management plan for the 
                Heritage Area, including resources to meet matching 
                requirement for grants.
          (12) There are at least 7 National Historic Landmarks, 32 
        National Register properties, 3 Kansas Register properties, and 
        7 properties listed on the National Underground Railroad 
        Network to Freedom that contribute to the Heritage Area as well 
        as other significant properties that have not been designated 
        at this time.
          (13) There is an interest in interpreting all sides of the 
        Bleeding Kansas story that requires further work with several 
        counties in Missouri interested in joining the area.
          (14) In 2004, the State of Kansas commemorated the 
        Sesquicentennial of the signing of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, 
        opening the territory to settlement.
  (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this Act are as follows:
          (1) To designate a region in eastern Kansas and western 
        Missouri containing nationally important natural, historic, and 
        cultural resources and recreational and educational 
        opportunities that are geographically assembled and 
        thematically related as areas that provide unique frameworks 
        for understanding the great and diverse character of the United 
        States and the development of communities and their 
        surroundings as the Bleeding Kansas National Heritage Area.
          (2) To strengthen, complement, and support the Fort Scott, 
        Brown v. Board of Education, Nicodemus and Tallgrass Prairie 
        sites through the interpretation and conservation of the 
        associated living landscapes outside of the boundaries of these 
        units of the National Park System.
          (3) To describe the extent of Federal responsibilities and 
        duties in regard to the Heritage Area.
          (4) To further collaboration and partnerships among Federal, 
        State, and local governments, nonprofit organizations, and the 
        private sector, or combinations thereof, to conserve and manage 
        the resources and opportunities in the Heritage Area through 
        grants, technical assistance, training and other means.
          (5) To authorize Federal financial and technical assistance 
        to the local coordinating entity to assist in the conservation 
        and interpretation of the Heritage Area.
          (6) To empower communities and organizations in Kansas to 
        preserve the special historic identity of Bleeding Kansas and 
        with it the identity of the Nation.
          (7) To provide for the management, preservation, protection, 
        and interpretation of the natural, historical, and cultural 
        resources within the region for the educational and 
        inspirational benefit of current and future generations.
          (8) To provide greater community capacity through inter-local 
        cooperation.
          (9) To provide a vehicle, particularly in the four counties 
        with high out-migration of population, to recognize that self-
        reliance and resilience will be the keys to their economic 
        future.
          (10) To build upon the Kansas rural development policy, the 
        Kansas agritourism initiative and the new homestead act to 
        recognize inherent strengths of small towns and rural 
        communities--close-knit communities, strong local business 
        networks, and a tradition of entrepreneurial creativity.
          (11) To educate and cultivate among its citizens, 
        particularly its youth, the stories and cultural resources of 
        the region's legacy that--
                  (A) reflect the popular phrase ``Bleeding Kansas'' 
                describing the conflict over slavery that became 
                nationally prominent in Kansas just before and during 
                the American Civil War;
                  (B) reflect the commitment of American settlers who 
                first fought and killed to uphold their different and 
                irreconcilable principles of freedom and equality 
                during the years of the Kansas Conflict;
                  (C) reflect the struggle for freedom, experienced 
                during the ``Bleeding Kansas'' era, that continues to 
                be a vital and pressing issue associated with the real 
                problem of democratic nation building; and
                  (D) recreate the physical environment revealing its 
                impact on agriculture, transportation, trade and 
                business, and social and cultural patterns in urban and 
                rural settings.
          (12) To interpret the effect of the era's democratic ethos on 
        the development of America's distinctive political culture.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

  In this Act:
          (1) Heritage area.--The term ``Heritage Area'' means the 
        Bleeding Kansas and the Enduring Struggle for Freedom National 
        Heritage Area in eastern Kansas and western Missouri.
          (2) Local coordinating entity.--The term ``local coordinating 
        entity'' means Territorial Kansas Heritage Alliance, recognized 
        by the Secretary, in consultation with the Governors of the 
        States, that agrees to perform the duties of a local 
        coordinating entity under this Act.
          (3) Management plan.--The term ``management plan'' means the 
        management plan for the Heritage Area developed under section 
        4(e).
          (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        the Interior.
          (5) State.--The term ``State'' means each of the States of 
        Kansas and Missouri.
          (6) Unit of local government.--The term ``unit of local 
        government'' means the government of a State, a political 
        subdivision of a State, or an Indian tribe.

SEC. 4. BLEEDING KANSAS AND THE ENDURING STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM NATIONAL 
                    HERITAGE AREA.

  (a) Establishment.--There is established in the States the Bleeding 
Kansas and the Enduring Struggle for Freedom National Heritage Area.
  (b) Boundaries.--The Heritage Area may include the following:
          (1) An area located in eastern Kansas and western Missouri, 
        consisting of--
                  (A) Allen, Anderson, Atchison, Bourbon, Chantauqua, 
                Cherokee, Clay, Coffey, Crawford, Douglas, Franklin, 
                Geary, Jackson, Johnson, Labette, Leavenworth, Linn, 
                Miami, Neosho, Pottawatomie, Riley, Shawnee, Wabaunsee, 
                Wilson, Woodson, Wyandotte Counties in Kansas; and
                  (B) Buchanan, Platte, Clay, Ray, Lafayette, Jackson, 
                Cass, Johnson, Bates, Vernon, Barton, and Jasper 
                Counties in Missouri.
          (2) Contributing sites, buildings, and districts within the 
        area that are recommended by the management plan.
  (c) Map.--The final boundary of the Heritage Area within the counties 
identified in subsection (b)(1) shall be specified in the management 
plan. A map of the Heritage Area shall be included in the management 
plan. The map shall be on file in the appropriate offices of the 
National Park Service, Department of the Interior.
  (d) Local Coordinating Entity.--
          (1) In general.--The local coordinating entity for the 
        Heritage Area shall be Territorial Kansas Heritage Alliance, a 
        nonprofit organization established in the State of Kansas, 
        recognized by the Secretary, in consultation with the Governors 
        of the States, that agrees to perform the duties of the local 
        coordinating entity under this Act.
          (2) Authorities.--For purposes of developing and implementing 
        the management plan, the local coordinating entity may--
                  (A) make grants to, and enter into cooperative 
                agreements with, the States, political subdivisions of 
                the States, and private organizations;
                  (B) hire and compensate staff; and
                  (C) enter into contracts for goods and services.
  (e) Management Plan.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 3 years after the date on 
        which funds are made available to carry out this Act, the local 
        coordinating entity shall develop and submit to the Secretary a 
        management plan reviewed by participating units of local 
        government within the boundaries of the proposed Heritage Area.
          (2) Contents.--The management plan shall--
                  (A) present a comprehensive program for the 
                conservation, interpretation, funding, management, and 
                development of the Heritage Area, in a manner 
                consistent with the existing local, State, and Federal 
                land use laws and compatible economic viability of the 
                Heritage Area;
                  (B) establish criteria or standards to measure what 
                is selected for conservation, interpretation, funding, 
                management, and development;
                  (C) involve residents, public agencies, and private 
                organizations working in the Heritage Area;
                  (D) specify and coordinate, as of the date of the 
                management plan, existing and potential sources of 
                technical and financial assistance under this and other 
                Federal laws to protect, manage, and develop the 
                Heritage Area; and
                  (E) include--
                          (I) actions to be undertaken by units of 
                        government and private organizations to 
                        protect, conserve, and interpret the resources 
                        of the Heritage Area;
                          (ii) an inventory of the resources contained 
                        in the Heritage Area, including a list of any 
                        property in the Heritage Area that is related 
                        to the themes of the Heritage Area and that 
                        meets the establishing criteria (such as, but 
                        not exclusive to, visitor readiness) to merit 
                        preservation, restoration, management, 
                        development, or maintenance because of its 
                        natural, cultural, historical, or recreational 
                        significance;
                          (iii) policies for resource management 
                        including the development of intergovernmental 
                        cooperative agreements, private sector 
                        agreements, or any combination thereof, to 
                        protect the historical, cultural, recreational, 
                        and natural resources of the Heritage Area in a 
                        manner consistent with supporting appropriate 
                        and compatible economic viability;
                          (iv) a program for implementation of the 
                        management plan by the designated local 
                        coordinating entity, in cooperation with its 
                        partners and units of local government;
                          (v) evidence that relevant State, county, and 
                        local plans applicable to the Heritage Area 
                        have been taken into consideration;
                          (vi) an analysis of ways in which local, 
                        State, and Federal programs may best be 
                        coordinated to promote the purposes of this 
                        Act; and
                          (vii) a business plan that--
                                  (I) describes in detail the role, 
                                operation, financing, and functions of 
                                the local coordinating entity for each 
                                activity included in the 
                                recommendations contained in the 
                                management plan; and
                                  (II) provides, to the satisfaction of 
                                the Secretary, adequate assurances that 
                                the local coordinating entity is likely 
                                to have the financial resources 
                                necessary to implement the management 
                                plan for the Heritage Area, including 
                                resources to meet matching requirement 
                                for grants awarded under this Act.
          (3) Considerations.--In developing and implementing the 
        management plan, the local coordinating entity shall consider 
        the interests of diverse governmental, business, and nonprofit 
        groups within the Heritage Area.
          (4) Disqualification from funding.--If a proposed management 
        plan is not submitted to the Secretary within 3 years after the 
        date on which funds are made available to carry out this Act, 
        the local coordinating entity shall be ineligible to receive 
        additional funding under this Act until the date on which the 
        Secretary receives the proposed management plan.
          (5) Approval and disapproval of management plan.--The 
        Secretary shall approve or disapprove the proposed management 
        plan submitted under this Act not later than 90 days after 
        receiving such proposed management plan.
          (6) Action following disapproval.--If the Secretary 
        disapproves a proposed management plan, the Secretary shall 
        advise the local coordinating entity in writing of the reasons 
        for the disapproval and shall make recommendations for 
        revisions to the proposed management plan. The Secretary shall 
        approve or disapprove a proposed revision within 90 days after 
        the date it is submitted.
          (7) Approval of amendments.--The Secretary shall review and 
        approve substantial amendments to the management plan. Funds 
        appropriated under this Act may not be expended to implement 
        any changes made by such amendment until the Secretary approves 
        the amendment.
          (8) Implementation.--
                  (A) Priorities.--The local coordinating entity shall 
                give priority to implementing actions described in the 
                management plan, including--
                          (I) assisting units of government and 
                        nonprofit organizations in preserving resources 
                        within the Heritage Area; and
                          (ii) encouraging local governments to adopt 
                        land use policies consistent with the 
                        management of the Heritage Area and the goals 
                        of the management plan.
                  (B) Public meetings.--The local coordinating entity 
                shall conduct public meetings at least quarterly on the 
                implementation of the management plan.
  (f) Public Notice.--The local coordinating entity shall place a 
notice of each of its public meetings in a newspaper of general 
circulation in the Heritage Area and shall make the minutes of the 
meeting available to the public.
  (g) Annual Report.--For any year in which Federal funds have been 
made available under this Act, the local coordinating entity shall 
submit to the Secretary an annual report that describes--
          (1) the accomplishments of the local coordinating entity; and
          (2) the expenses and income of the local coordinating entity.
  (h) Audit.--The local coordinating entity shall--
          (1) make available to the Secretary for audit all records 
        relating to the expenditure of Federal funds and any matching 
        funds; and
          (2) require, with respect to all agreements authorizing 
        expenditure of Federal funds by other organizations, that the 
        receiving organizations make available to the Secretary for 
        audit all records concerning the expenditure of the Federal 
        funds and any matching funds.
  (I) Use of Federal Funds.--
          (1) In general.--The local coordinating entity shall not use 
        Federal funds made available under this Act to acquire real 
        property or an interest in real property.
          (2) Other sources.--Nothing in this Act precludes the local 
        coordinating entity from using Federal funds made available 
        under other Federal laws for any purpose for which the funds 
        are authorized to be used.

SEC. 5. TECHNICAL AND FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE; OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES.

  (a) Technical and Financial Assistance.--
          (1) In general.--On the request of the local coordinating 
        entity, the Secretary may provide technical and financial 
        assistance for the development and implementation of the 
        management plan.
          (2) Priority for assistance.--In providing assistance under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give priority to actions 
        that assist in--
                  (A) conserving the significant cultural, historic, 
                and natural resources of the Heritage Area; and
                  (B) providing educational, interpretive, and 
                recreational opportunities consistent with the purposes 
                of the Heritage Area.
          (3) Spending for non-federal property.--The local 
        coordinating entity may expend Federal funds made available 
        under this Act on non-Federal property that--
                  (A) meets the criteria in the approved management 
                plan; or
                  (B) is listed or eligible for listing on the National 
                Register of Historic Places.
          (4) Other assistance.--The Secretary may enter into 
        cooperative agreements with public and private organizations to 
        carry out this subsection.
  (b) Other Federal Agencies.--Any Federal entity conducting or 
supporting an activity that directly affects the Heritage Area shall--
          (1) consider the potential effect of the activity on the 
        purposes of the Heritage Area and the management plan;
          (2) consult with the local coordinating entity regarding the 
        activity; and
          (3) to the maximum extent practicable, conduct or support the 
        activity to avoid adverse effects on the Heritage Area.
  (c) Other Assistance not Affected.--This Act does not affect the 
authority of any Federal official to provide technical or financial 
assistance under any other law.
  (d) Notification of Other Federal Activities.--The head of each 
Federal agency shall provide to the Secretary and the local 
coordinating entity, to the extent practicable, advance notice of all 
activities that may have an impact on the Heritage Area.

SEC. 6. PRIVATE PROPERTY PROTECTION.

  (a) Access to Private Property.--Nothing in this Act shall be 
construed to require any private property owner to permit public access 
(including Federal, State, or local government access) to such private 
property. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to modify any 
provision of Federal, State, or local law with regard to public access 
to or use of private lands.
  (b) Liability.--Designation of the Heritage Area shall not be 
considered to create any liability, or to have any effect on any 
liability under any other law, of any private property owner with 
respect to any persons injured on such private property.
  (c) Recognition of Authority to Control Land Use.--Nothing in this 
Act shall be construed to modify any authority of Federal, State, or 
local governments to regulate land use.
  (d) Participation of Private Property Owners in Heritage Areas.--
Nothing in this Act shall be construed to require the owner of any 
private property located within the boundaries of the Heritage Area to 
participate in or be associated with the Heritage Area.
  (e) Land Use Regulation.--
          (1) In general.--The local coordinating entity shall provide 
        assistance and encouragement to State and local governments, 
        private organizations, and persons to protect and promote the 
        resources and values of the Heritage Area.
          (2) Effect.--Nothing in this Act--
                  (A) affects the authority of the State or local 
                governments to regulate under law any use of land; or
                  (B) grants any power of zoning or land use to the 
                local coordinating entity.
  (f) Private Property.--
          (1) In general.--The local coordinating entity shall be an 
        advocate for land management practices consistent with the 
        purposes of the Heritage Area.
          (2) Effect.--Nothing in this Act--
                  (A) abridges the rights of any person with regard to 
                private property;
                  (B) affects the authority of the State or local 
                government regarding private property; or
                  (C) imposes any additional burden on any property 
                owner.
  (g) Requirements for Inclusion of Private Property.--
          (1) Notification and consent of property owners required.--No 
        privately owned property shall be preserved, conserved, or 
        promoted by the management plan for the Heritage Area until the 
        owner of that private property has been notified in writing by 
        the management entity and has given written consent for such 
        preservation, conservation, or promotion to the management 
        entity.
          (2) Landowner withdrawal.--Any owner of private property 
        included within the boundary of the Heritage Area shall have 
        their property immediately removed from the boundary by 
        submitting a written request to the management entity

SEC. 7. SAVINGS PROVISIONS.

  (a) Rules, Regulations, Standards, and Permit Processes.--Nothing in 
this Act shall be construed to impose any environmental, occupational, 
safety, or other rule, regulation, standard, or permit process in the 
Heritage Area that is different from those that would be applicable if 
the Heritage Area had not been established.
  (b) Water and Water Rights.--Nothing in this Act shall be construed 
to authorize or imply the reservation or appropriation of water or 
water rights.
  (c) No Diminishment of State Authority.--Nothing in this Act shall be 
construed to diminish the authority of the State to manage fish and 
wildlife, including the regulation of fishing and hunting within the 
Heritage Area.

SEC. 8. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) In General.--There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
this Act $10,000,000, to remain available until expended, of which not 
more than $1,000,000 may be authorized to be appropriated for any 
fiscal year.
  (b) Cost-Sharing Requirement.--The Federal share of the total cost of 
any activity assisted under this Act shall be not more than 50 percent.

SEC. 9. TERMINATION OF AUTHORITY.

  The authority of the Secretary to provide assistance under this Act 
terminates on the date that is 15 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act.

                          PURPOSE OF THE BILL

    The purpose of H.R. 413 is to establish the Bleeding Kansas 
and the Enduring Struggle for Freedom National Heritage Area.

                  BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR LEGISLATION

    From 1854 through 1961, Kansas Territory was known as 
``Bleeding Kansas.'' The decision to enter the Union as a free 
or slave state was left to the voters of the area. That led to 
seven years of sporadic warfare between proponents of both 
sides. The battles in ``Bleeding Kansas'' during this period 
served as the military precursor to the Civil War and the end 
of slavery. The area for the Bleeding Kansas Heritage Area 
would be located in eastern Kansas and western Missouri. The 
Territorial Kansas Heritage Alliance will be designated as the 
managing entity of the heritage area. The Alliance will be 
required to prepare and submit a management plan that contains 
a comprehensive program for the conservation, interpretation, 
funding, management, and development of the proposed heritage 
area. The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to provide 
technical and financial assistance to develop the plan and will 
be responsible for either approving or disapproving of the 
final plan.

                            COMMITTEE ACTION

    H.R. 413 was introduced on January 26, 2005, by Congressman 
Jim Ryun (establish the Bleeding Kansas and the Enduring 
Struggle for Freedom National Heritage Area. R-KS). The bill 
was referred to the Committee on Resources, and within the 
Committee to the Subcommittee on National Parks. On November 
10, 2005, the Subcommittee on National Parks held a hearing on 
H.R. 413. On March 29, 2006, the Committee on Resources met to 
consider the bill. By unanimous consent, the Subcommittee on 
National Parks was discharged from further consideration of the 
bill. An amendment in the nature of a substitute was offered by 
Chairman Richard Pombo (R-CA). The amendment clarified the 
inclusion, in the heritage area, of 12 counties in western 
Missouri. The amendment was adopted by unanimous consent. The 
bill as amended was ordered favorably reported to the House of 
Representatives by unanimous consent.

            COMMITTEE OVERSIGHT FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

    Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of 
Rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Resources' oversight findings and recommendations 
are reflected in the body of this report.

                   CONSTITUTIONAL AUTHORITY STATEMENT

    Article I, section 8 of the Constitution of the United 
States grants Congress the authority to enact this bill.

                    COMPLIANCE WITH HOUSE RULE XIII

    1. Cost of Legislation. Clause 3(d)(2) of rule XIII of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives requires an estimate and 
a comparison by the Committee of the costs which would be 
incurred in carrying out this bill. However, clause 3(d)(3)(B) 
of that Rule provides that this requirement does not apply when 
the Committee has included in its report a timely submitted 
cost estimate of the bill prepared by the Director of the 
Congressional Budget Office under section 402 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974.
    2. Congressional Budget Act. As required by clause 3(c)(2) 
of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
section 308(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, this 
bill does not contain any new budget authority, spending 
authority, credit authority, or an increase or decrease in 
revenues or tax expenditures.
    3. General Performance Goals and Objectives. As required by 
clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives, the general performance goal of this bill is 
to establish the Bleeding Kansas and the Enduring Struggle for 
Freedom National Heritage Area.
    4. Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate. Under clause 
3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives and section 403 of the Congressional Budget Act 
of 1974, the Committee has received the following cost estimate 
for this bill from the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office:

H.R. 413--Bleeding Kansas National Heritage Area Act

    H.R. 413 would establish the Bleeding Kansas and the 
Enduring Struggle for Freedom National Heritage Area (NHA) in 
eastern Kansas and western Missouri. The bill would designate 
the Territorial Kansas Heritage Alliance as the local 
coordinating entity for the proposed NHA. The alliance would be 
responsible for developing and implementing a management plan 
for the protection, development, and management of cultural and 
other resources of the area. Finally, the legislation would 
authorize the appropriation of $10 million, not to exceed $1 
million annually, for financial assistance to the Alliance over 
the next 15 years.
    Assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO 
estimates that implementing H.R. 413 would cost $10 million 
over the next 10 to 15 years. Such amounts would be used to 
cover a portion of the costs of planning, establishing, 
operating, and interpreting the heritage area. Enacting H.R. 
413 would have no effect on revenues or direct spending.
    H.R. 413 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and 
would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal governments.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Deborah Reis. 
The estimate was approved by Peter H. Fontaine, Deputy 
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.

                    COMPLIANCE WITH PUBLIC LAW 104-4

    This bill contains no unfunded mandates.

                PREEMPTION OF STATE, LOCAL OR TRIBAL LAW

    This bill is not intended to preempt any State, local or 
tribal law.

                        CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW

    If enacted, this bill would make no changes in existing 
law.