[Congressional Record Volume 166, Number 204 (Thursday, December 3, 2020)]
[House]
[Pages H6145-H6816]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




  CONFERENCE REPORT AND EXPLANATORY MATERIAL STATEMENT ON H.R. 6395, 
  WILLIAM M. (MAC) THORNBERRY NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR 
FISCAL YEAR 2021, SUBMITTED BY MR. SMITH OF WASHINGTON, CHAIRMAN OF THE 
                   HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES

                  Conference Report (H. Rept. 116-617)

       The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the 
     two Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 
     6395), to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for 
     military activities of the Department of Defense, for 
     military construction, and for defense activities of the 
     Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
     strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes, 
     having met, after full and free conference, have agreed to 
     recommend and do recommend to their respective Houses as 
     follows:
       That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
     amendment of the Senate and agree to the same with an 
     amendment as follows:
       In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the Senate 
     amendment, insert the following:

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

       This Act may be cited as the ``William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021''.

     SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF 
                   CONTENTS.

       (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into eight divisions 
     as follows:
       (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
       (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
       (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
     Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
       (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
       (5) Division E--National Artificial Intelligence Initiative 
     Act of 2020
       (6) Division F--Anti-Money Laundering
       (7) Division G--Elijah E. Cummings Coast Guard 
     Authorization Act of 2020
       (8) Division H--Other Matters
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Modifications to requirement for an interim cruise missile 
              defense capability.
Sec. 112. Report and limitations on acquisition of Integrated Visual 
              Augmentation System.
Sec. 113. Assessment of investment and sustainment for procurement of 
              cannon tubes.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Limitation on alteration of the Navy fleet mix.
Sec. 122. Limitations on Navy medium and large unmanned surface 
              vessels.
Sec. 123. Fighter force structure acquisition strategy.
Sec. 124. Procurement authorities for certain amphibious shipbuilding 
              programs.
Sec. 125. Land-based test program for the FFG(X) Frigate program.
Sec. 126. Treatment in future budgets of the President of systems added 
              by Congress.
Sec. 127. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
              waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 128. Report on strategy to use ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer to 
              ensure full spectrum electromagnetic superiority.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Minimum operational squadron level.
Sec. 132. Modification of force structure objectives for bomber 
              aircraft.
Sec. 133. Minimum bomber aircraft force level.
Sec. 134. Required minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft.
Sec. 135. Inventory requirements for air refueling tanker aircraft.
Sec. 136. Authority to use F-35A fighter aircraft AT-1 through AT-6.
Sec. 137. F-35 aircraft gun system ammunition.
Sec. 138. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for 
              retirement of RC-135 aircraft.
Sec. 139. Modification to limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 
              aircraft.
Sec. 140. Modification of limitation on availability of funds for 
              retirement of E-8 JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 141. Limitation on divestment of F-15C aircraft within the 
              European theater.
Sec. 142. Modernization plan for airborne intelligence, surveillance, 
              and reconnaissance.
Sec. 143. RC-26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
              aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on funding for Close Air Support Integration 
              Group.
Sec. 145. Required solution for KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
              limitations.
Sec. 146. Analysis of moving target indicator requirements and Advanced 
              Battle Management System capabilities.
Sec. 147. Study on measures to assess cost-per-effect for key mission 
              areas.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, 
              Navy, and Air Force.
Sec. 152. Transfer of responsibilities and functions relating to 
              electromagnetic spectrum operations.
Sec. 153. Cryptographic modernization schedules.
Sec. 154. Department of Defense participation in the Special Federal 
              Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 155. Integrated air and missile defense assessment.
Sec. 156. Joint strategy for air base defense against missile threats.
Sec. 157. Joint All Domain Command and Control requirements.
Sec. 158. Expansion of economic order quantity contracting authority 
              for F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 159. Documentation relating to the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 160. F-35 aircraft munitions.
Sec. 161. Redesign strategy for the Autonomic Logistics Information 
              System for the F-35 fighter aircraft.
Sec. 162. Briefings on software regression testing for F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 163. Prohibition on use of funds for the Armed Overwatch Program.
Sec. 164. Acceleration of development and fielding of counter unmanned 
              aircraft systems across the joint force.

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Sec. 165. Airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
              acquisition roadmap for the United States Special 
              Operations Command.
Sec. 166. Prohibition on divestiture of manned intelligence, 
              surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated by 
              United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 167. Notification on efforts to replace inoperable ejection seat 
              aircraft locator beacons.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of requirements relating to certain cooperative 
              research and development agreements.
Sec. 212. Disclosure requirements for recipients of Department of 
              Defense research and development funds.
Sec. 213. Modification of national security innovation activities and 
              pilot program on strengthening the defense industrial and 
              innovation base.
Sec. 214. Updates to Defense Quantum Information Science and Technology 
              Research and Development program.
Sec. 215. Establishment of Directed Energy Working Group.
Sec. 216. Extension of pilot program for the enhancement of the 
              research, development, test, and evaluation centers of 
              the Department of Defense.
Sec. 217. Designation of senior officials for critical technology areas 
              supportive of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 218. Executive agent for Autonomy.
Sec. 219. National security innovation partnerships.
Sec. 220. Social science, management science, and information science 
              research activities.
Sec. 221. Accountability measures relating to the Advanced Battle 
              Management System.
Sec. 222. Activities to improve fielding of Air Force hypersonic 
              capabilities.
Sec. 223. Disclosure of funding sources in applications for Federal 
              research and development awards.
Sec. 224. Governance of fifth-generation wireless networking in the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 225. Demonstration project on use of certain technologies for 
              fifth-generation wireless networking services.
Sec. 226. Research, development, and deployment of technologies to 
              support water sustainment.
Sec. 227. Limitation on contract awards for certain unmanned vessels.

      Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology

Sec. 231. Modification of biannual report on the Joint Artificial 
              Intelligence Center.
Sec. 232. Modification of joint artificial intelligence research, 
              development, and transition activities.
Sec. 233. Board of advisors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
              Center.
Sec. 234. Application of artificial intelligence to the defense reform 
              pillar of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 235. Acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial 
              intelligence technology.
Sec. 236. Steering committee on emerging technology.

            Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development

Sec. 241. Measuring and incentivizing programming proficiency.
Sec. 242. Modification of Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
              Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program.
Sec. 243. Improvements to Technology and National Security Fellowship 
              of Department of Defense.
Sec. 244. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical 
              talent and expertise at academic institutions.
Sec. 245. Encouragement of contractor science, technology, engineering, 
              and mathematics (STEM) programs.
Sec. 246. Training program for human resources personnel in best 
              practices for technical workforce.
Sec. 247. Pilot program on the use of electronic portfolios to evaluate 
              certain applicants for technical positions.
Sec. 248. Pilot program on self-directed training in advanced 
              technologies.
Sec. 249. Part-time and term employment of university faculty and 
              students in the Defense science and technology 
              enterprise.
Sec. 250. National security workforce and educational diversity 
              activities.
Sec. 251. Coordination of scholarship and employment programs of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 252. Study on mechanisms for attracting and retaining high quality 
              talent in the Department of Defense.

                   Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry

Sec. 261. National coordinating entity for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 262. Strategic plan for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 263. Agency activities in support of sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 264. Partnerships in sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 265. Prioritization.
Sec. 266. Rule of construction.
Sec. 267. Major multi-user research facility project.

             Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 271. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational 
              Test and Evaluation.
Sec. 272. Modification to Test Resource Management Center strategic 
              plan reporting cycle and contents.
Sec. 273. Modification of requirements relating to energetics plan to 
              include assessment of feasibility and advisability of 
              establishing a program office for energetics.
Sec. 274. Element in annual reports on cyber science and technology 
              activities on work with academic consortia on high 
              priority cybersecurity research activities in Department 
              of Defense capabilities.
Sec. 275. Repeal of quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting 
              Vehicle program.
Sec. 276. Microelectronics and national security.
Sec. 277. Independent evaluation of personal protective and diagnostic 
              testing equipment.
Sec. 278. Assessment on United States national security emerging 
              biotechnology efforts and capabilities and comparison 
              with adversaries.
Sec. 279. Annual reports regarding the SBIR program of the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 280. Reports on F-35 physiological episodes and mitigation 
              efforts.
Sec. 281. Review and report on next generation air dominance 
              capabilities.
Sec. 282. Plan for operational test and utility evaluation of systems 
              for Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology program.
Sec. 283. Independent comparative analysis of efforts by China and the 
              United States to recruit and retain researchers in 
              national security-related and defense-related fields.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse 
              for review of mission obstructions.
Sec. 312. Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration Program.
Sec. 313. Extension of real-time sound monitoring at Navy installations 
              where tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 314. Modification of authority for environmental restoration 
              projects of National Guard.
Sec. 315. Modification of authority to carry out military installation 
              resilience projects.
Sec. 316. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
              installations.
Sec. 317. Modification to availability of energy cost savings for 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 318. Increased transparency through reporting on usage and spills 
              of aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 319. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.
Sec. 320. Study on alternatives to address impacts of transboundary 
              flows, spills, or discharges of pollution or debris from 
              the Tijuana River on personnel, activities, and 
              installations of Department of Defense.
Sec. 321. Pilot program on alternative fuel vehicle purchasing.
Sec. 322. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to operational 
              energy improvement.
Sec. 323. Assessment of Department of Defense operational energy usage.
Sec. 324. Improvement of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
              Fund of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 325. Five-year reviews of containment technologies relating to Red 
              Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 326. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished 
              energy for Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center.
Sec. 327. Requirement to update Department of Defense adaptation 
              roadmap.
Sec. 328. Department of Defense report on greenhouse gas emissions 
              levels.
Sec. 329. Objectives, performance standards, and criteria for use of 
              wildlife conservation banking programs.
Sec. 330. Prizes for development of non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting 
              agent.
Sec. 331. Survey of technologies for Department of Defense application 
              in phasing out the use of fluorinated aqueous film-
              forming foam.
Sec. 332. Interagency body on research related to per- and 
              polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Restriction on Department of Defense procurement of certain 
              items containing perfluorooctane sulfonate or 
              perfluorooctanoic acid.
Sec. 334. Research and development of alternative to aqueous film-
              forming foam.
Sec. 335. Notification to agricultural operations located in areas 
              exposed to Department of Defense PFAS use.

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Sec. 336. Reporting on energy savings performance contracts.
Sec. 337. Increase in funding for Centers for Disease Control Study on 
              health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
              substances contamination in drinking water.
Sec. 338. Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020.
Sec. 339. Assessment of Department of Defense excess property programs 
              with respect to need and wildfire risk.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 341. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.
Sec. 342. Repeal of sunset for minimum annual purchase amount for 
              carriers participating in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
Sec. 343. Additional elements for inclusion in Navy ship depot 
              maintenance budget report.
Sec. 344. Clarification of limitation on length of overseas forward 
              deployment of currently deployed naval vessels.
Sec. 345. Independent advisory panel on weapon system sustainment.
Sec. 346. Biannual briefings on status of Shipyard Infrastructure 
              Optimization Plan.
Sec. 347. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
              systems.
Sec. 348. Repeal of statutory requirement for notification to Director 
              of Defense Logistics Agency three years prior to 
              implementing changes to any uniform or uniform component.

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

Sec. 351. Chair of Department of Defense explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 353. Assessment of resilience of Department of Defense munitions 
              enterprise.
Sec. 354. Report on safety waivers and mishaps in Department of Defense 
              munitions enterprise.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 361. Pilot program for temporary issuance of maternity-related 
              uniform items.
Sec. 362. Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnerships.
Sec. 363. Biodefense analysis and budget submission.
Sec. 364. Update of National Biodefense Implementation Plan.
Sec. 365. Plans and reports on emergency response training for military 
              installations.
Sec. 366. Inapplicability of congressional notification and dollar 
              limitation requirements for advance billings for certain 
              background investigations.
Sec. 367. Adjustment in availability of appropriations for unusual cost 
              overruns and for changes in scope of work.
Sec. 368. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement security and 
              emergency response recommendations relating to active 
              shooter or terrorist attacks on installations of 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 369. Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
              beverages provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 370. Commission on the naming of items of the Department of 
              Defense that commemorate the Confederate States of 
              America or any person who served voluntarily with the 
              Confederate States of America.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions to permanent active duty end strength minimum 
              levels.
Sec. 403. Modification of the authorized number and accounting method 
              for senior enlisted personnel.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
              Reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
              active duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Separate authorization by Congress of minimum end strengths 
              for non-temporary military technicians (dual status) and 
              end strengths for temporary military technicians (dual 
              status).

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Authorized strengths of general and flag officers on active 
              duty.
Sec. 502. Temporary expansion of availability of enhanced constructive 
              service credit in a particular career field upon original 
              appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Diversity in selection boards.
Sec. 504. Requirement for promotion selection board recommendation of 
              higher placement on promotion list of officers of 
              particular merit.
Sec. 505. Special selection review boards for review of promotion of 
              officers subject to adverse information identified after 
              recommendation for promotion and related matters.
Sec. 506. Number of opportunities for consideration for promotion under 
              alternative promotion authority.
Sec. 507. Mandatory retirement for age.
Sec. 508. Clarifying and improving restatement of rules on the retired 
              grade of commissioned officers.
Sec. 509. Repeal of authority for original appointment of regular Navy 
              officers designated for engineering duty, aeronautical 
              engineering duty, and special duty.
Sec. 509A. Permanent programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.
Sec. 509B. Review of Seaman to Admiral-21 program.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Temporary authority to order retired members to active duty 
              in high-demand, low-density assignments during war or 
              national emergency.
Sec. 512. Expansion of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps Program.
Sec. 513. Grants to support STEM education in the Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 514. Permanent suicide prevention and resilience program for the 
              reserve components.
Sec. 515. Modification of education loan repayment program for members 
              of Selected Reserve.
Sec. 516. Inclusion of drill or training foregone due to emergency 
              travel or duty restrictions in computations of 
              entitlement to and amounts of retired pay for non-regular 
              service.
Sec. 517. Quarantine lodging for members of the reserve components who 
              perform certain service in response to the COVID-19 
              emergency.
Sec. 518. Direct employment pilot program for certain members of the 
              reserve components.
Sec. 519. Pilot programs authorized in connection with SROTC units and 
              CSPI programs at Historically Black Colleges and 
              Universities and minority institutions.
Sec. 519A. Report regarding full-time National Guard duty in response 
              to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sec. 519B. Study and report on National Guard support to States 
              responding to major disasters.
Sec. 519C. Report on guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by 
              the National Guard.
Sec. 519D. Study and report on ROTC recruitment.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 521. Increased access to potential recruits.
Sec. 522. Sunset and transfer of functions of the Physical Disability 
              Board of Review.
Sec. 523. Honorary promotion matters.
Sec. 524. Exclusion of official photographs of members from records 
              furnished to promotion selection boards.
Sec. 525. Report regarding reviews of discharges and dismissals based 
              on sexual orientation.

Subtitle D--Prevention and Response To Sexual Assault, Harassment, and 
                           Related Misconduct

Sec. 531. Modification of time required for expedited decisions in 
              connection with applications for change of station or 
              unit transfer of members who are victims of sexual 
              assault or related offenses.
Sec. 532. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.
Sec. 533. Additional bases for provision of advice by the Defense 
              Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
              Misconduct.
Sec. 534. Additional matters for 2021 report of the Defense Advisory 
              Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 535. Inclusion of advisory duties on the Coast Guard Academy among 
              duties of Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention 
              of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 536. Modification of reporting and data collection on victims of 
              sexual offenses.
Sec. 537. Modification of annual report regarding sexual assaults 
              involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Coordination of support for survivors of sexual trauma.
Sec. 539. Policy for military service academies on separation of 
              alleged victims and alleged perpetrators in incidents of 
              sexual assault.
Sec. 539A. Safe-to-report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 539B. Accountability of leadership of the Department of Defense 
              for discharging the sexual harassment policies and 
              programs of the Department.
Sec. 539C. Reports on status of investigations of alleged sex-related 
              offenses.
Sec. 539D. Report on ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators 
              and Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim 
              Advocates to perform duties.
Sec. 539E. Briefing on Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 539F. Briefing on placement of members of the Armed Forces in 
              academic status who are victims of sexual assault onto 
              Non-Rated Periods.

[[Page H6148]]

          Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Right to notice of victims of offenses under the Uniform Code 
              of Military Justice regarding certain post-trial motions, 
              filings, and hearings.
Sec. 542. Qualifications of judges and standard of review for Courts of 
              Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 543. Preservation of court-martial records.
Sec. 544. Availability of records for National Instant Criminal 
              Background Check System.
Sec. 545. Removal of personally identifying and other information of 
              certain persons from investigative reports, the 
              Department of Defense Central Index of Investigations, 
              and other records and databases.
Sec. 546. Briefing on mental health support for vicarious trauma for 
              certain personnel in the military justice system.
Sec. 547. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
              implementation by the Armed Forces of recent GAO 
              recommendations and statutory requirements on assessment 
              of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the military 
              justice system.
Sec. 548. Legal assistance for veterans and surviving spouses and 
              dependents.
Sec. 549. Clarification of termination of leases of premises and motor 
              vehicles of servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury 
              or illness or die while in military service.
Sec. 549A. Multidisciplinary board to evaluate suicide events.
Sec. 549B. Improvements to Department of Defense tracking of and 
              response to incidents of child abuse, adult crimes 
              against children, and serious harmful behavior between 
              children and youth involving military dependents on 
              military installations.
Sec. 549C. Independent analysis and recommendations on domestic 
              violence in the Armed Forces.

                  Subtitle F--Diversity and Inclusion

Sec. 551. Diversity and inclusion reporting requirements and related 
              matters.
Sec. 552. National emergency exception for timing requirements with 
              respect to certain surveys of members of the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 553. Questions regarding racism, anti-Semitism, and supremacism in 
              workplace surveys administered by the Secretary of 
              Defense.
Sec. 554. Inspector General oversight of diversity and inclusion in 
              Department of Defense; supremacist, extremist, or 
              criminal gang activity in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 555. Policy to improve responses to pregnancy and childbirth by 
              certain members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 556. Training on certain Department of Defense instructions for 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 557. Evaluation of barriers to minority participation in certain 
              units of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 558. Comptroller General of the United States report on equal 
              opportunity at the military service academies.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Extension of time to review World War I Valor Medals.
Sec. 562. Authorizations for certain awards.
Sec. 563. Feasibility study on establishment of service medal for 
              radiation-exposed veterans.
Sec. 564. Expressing support for the designation of Silver Star Service 
              Banner Day.

   Subtitle H--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 571. Mentorship and career counseling program for officers to 
              improve diversity in military leadership.
Sec. 572. Expansion of Skillbridge program to include the Coast Guard.
Sec. 573. Increase in number of permanent professors at the United 
              States Air Force Academy.
Sec. 574. Additional elements with 2021 and 2022 certifications on the 
              Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 575. Information on nominations and applications for military 
              service academies.
Sec. 576. Report on potential improvements to certain military 
              educational institutions of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. College of International Security Affairs of the National 
              Defense University.
Sec. 578. Improvements to the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line 
              programs of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 579. GAO study regarding transferability of military 
              certifications to civilian occupational licenses and 
              certifications.
Sec. 579A. Report regarding county, Tribal, and local veterans service 
              officers.

    Subtitle I--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 581. Family readiness: definitions; communication strategy; 
              review; report.
Sec. 582. Improvements to Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 583. Support services for members of special operations forces and 
              immediate family members.
Sec. 584. Responsibility for allocation of certain funds for military 
              child development programs.
Sec. 585. Military child care and child development center matters.
Sec. 586. Expansion of financial assistance under My Career Advancement 
              Account program.
Sec. 587. Improvements to partner criteria of the Military Spouse 
              Employment Partnership Program.
Sec. 588. 24-hour child care.
Sec. 589. Pilot program to provide financial assistance to members of 
              the Armed Forces for in-home child care.
Sec. 589A. Certain assistance to local educational agencies that 
              benefit dependents of military and civilian personnel.
Sec. 589B. Staffing of Department of Defense Education Activity schools 
              to maintain maximum student-to-teacher ratios.
Sec. 589C. Pilot program to expand eligibility for enrollment at 
              domestic dependent elementary and secondary schools.
Sec. 589D. Pilot program on expanded eligibility for Department of 
              Defense Education Activity Virtual High School program.
Sec. 589E. Training program regarding foreign malign influence 
              campaigns.
Sec. 589F. Study on cyberexploitation and online deception of members 
              of the Armed Forces and their families.
Sec. 589G. Matters relating to education for military dependent 
              students with special needs.
Sec. 589H. Studies and reports on the performance of the Department of 
              Defense Education Activity.

                 Subtitle J--Other Matters and Reports

Sec. 591. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain outlying areas in the Department of 
              Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 593. Postponement of conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance 
              Disposal Corps as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 594. Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Test special 
              purpose adjunct to address computational thinking.
Sec. 595. Extension of reporting deadline for the annual report on the 
              assessment of the effectiveness of activities of the 
              Federal Voting Assistance Program.
Sec. 596. Plan on performance of funeral honors details by members of 
              other Armed Forces when members of the Armed Force of the 
              deceased are unavailable.
Sec. 597. Study on financial impacts of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 on 
              members of the Armed Forces and best practices to prevent 
              future financial hardships.
Sec. 598. Limitation on implementation of Army Combat Fitness Test.
Sec. 599. Semiannual reports on implementation of recommendations of 
              the Comprehensive Review of Special Operations Forces 
              Culture and Ethics.
Sec. 599A. Report on impact of children of certain Filipino World War 
              II veterans on national security, foreign policy, and 
              economic and humanitarian interests of the United States.

                    TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Increase in basic pay.
Sec. 602. Compensation and credit for retired pay purposes for 
              maternity leave taken by members of the reserve 
              components.
Sec. 603. Provision of information regarding SCRA to members who 
              receive basic allowance for housing.
Sec. 604. Reorganization of certain allowances other than travel and 
              transportation allowances.
Sec. 605. Expansion of travel and transportation allowances to include 
              fares and tolls.
Sec. 606. One-time uniform allowance for officers who transfer to the 
              Space Force.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
              authorities.
Sec. 612. Increase in special and incentive pays for officers in health 
              professions.
Sec. 613. Increase in certain hazardous duty incentive pay for members 
              of the uniformed services.
Sec. 614. Payment of hazardous duty incentive pay for members of the 
              uniformed services.
Sec. 615. Clarification of 30 days of continuous duty on board a ship 
              required for family separation allowance for members of 
              the uniformed services.

   Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Family and Survivor 
                                Benefits

Sec. 621. Modernization and clarification of payment of certain 
              Reserves while on duty.
Sec. 622. Restatement and clarification of authority to reimburse 
              members for spouse relicensing costs pursuant to a 
              permanent change of station.

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Sec. 623. Expansion of death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of assistance for Gold Star spouses and other 
              dependents.
Sec. 625. Gold Star Families Parks Pass.
Sec. 626. Recalculation of financial assistance for providers of child 
              care services and youth program services for dependents.
Sec. 627. Priority for certain military family housing to a member of 
              the Armed Forces whose spouse agrees to provide family 
              home day care services.
Sec. 628. Study on feasibility and advisability of TSP contributions by 
              military spouses.
Sec. 629. Report on implications of expansion of authority to provide 
              financial assistance to civilian providers of child care 
              services or youth program services for survivors of 
              members of the Armed Forces who die in the line of duty.
Sec. 629A. Report on extension of commissary and exchange benefits for 
              surviving remarried spouses with dependent children of 
              members of the Armed Forces who die while on active duty 
              or certain reserve duty.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Base responders essential needs and dining access.
Sec. 632. First responder access to mobile exchanges.
Sec. 633. Updated business case analysis for consolidation of the 
              defense resale system.

            Subtitle E--Other Personnel Rights and Benefits

Sec. 641. Approval of certain activities by retired and reserve members 
              of the uniformed services.
Sec. 642. Permanent authority for and enhancement of the Government 
              lodging program.
Sec. 643. Operation of Stars and Stripes.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Improvement to breast cancer screening.
Sec. 702. Waiver of fees charged to certain civilians for emergency 
              medical treatment provided at military medical treatment 
              facilities.
Sec. 703. Authority for Secretary of Defense to manage provider type 
              referral and supervision requirements under TRICARE 
              program.
Sec. 704. Expansion of benefits available under TRICARE Extended Care 
              Health Option program.
Sec. 705. Sale of hearing aids for dependents of certain members of the 
              reserve components.
Sec. 706. Pilot program on receipt of non-generic prescription 
              maintenance medications under TRICARE pharmacy benefits 
              program.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Repeal of administration of TRICARE dental plans through 
              Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
Sec. 712. Protection of the Armed Forces from infectious diseases.
Sec. 713. Inclusion of drugs, biological products, and critical medical 
              supplies in national security strategy for national 
              technology and industrial base.
Sec. 714. Contract authority of the Uniformed Services University of 
              the Health Sciences.
Sec. 715. Membership of Board of Regents of Uniformed Services 
              University of the Health Sciences.
Sec. 716. Temporary exemption for Uniformed Services University of the 
              Health Sciences from certain Paperwork Reduction Act 
              requirements.
Sec. 717. Modification to limitation on the realignment or reduction of 
              military medical manning end strength.
Sec. 718. Modifications to implementation plan for restructure or 
              realignment of military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 719. Policy to address prescription opioid safety.
Sec. 720. Addition of burn pit registration and other information to 
              electronic health records of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 721. Inclusion of information on exposure to open burn pits in 
              postdeployment health reassessments.

                Subtitle C--Matters Relating to COVID-19

Sec. 731. COVID-19 military health system review panel.
Sec. 732. Department of Defense pandemic preparedness.
Sec. 733. Transitional health benefits for certain members of the 
              National Guard serving under orders in response to the 
              coronavirus (COVID-19).
Sec. 734. Registry of certain TRICARE beneficiaries diagnosed with 
              COVID-19.
Sec. 735. Health assessments of veterans diagnosed with pandemic 
              diseases to determine exposure to open burn pits and 
              toxic airborne chemicals.
Sec. 736. Comptroller General study on delivery of mental health 
              services to members of the Armed Forces during the COVID-
              19 pandemic.

                 Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 741. Modifications to pilot program on civilian and military 
              partnerships to enhance interoperability and medical 
              surge capability and capacity of National Disaster 
              Medical System.
Sec. 742. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
              suicide prevention programs and activities of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 743. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
              Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
              Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 744. Military Health System Clinical Quality Management Program.
Sec. 745. Wounded Warrior Service Dog Program.
Sec. 746. Extramedical maternal health providers demonstration project.
Sec. 747. Briefing on diet and nutrition of members of the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 748. Audit of medical conditions of residents in privatized 
              military housing.
Sec. 749. Assessment of receipt by civilians of emergency medical 
              treatment at military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 750. Study on the incidence of cancer diagnosis and mortality 
              among military aviators and aviation support personnel.
Sec. 751. Study on exposure to toxic substances at Karshi-Khanabad Air 
              Base, Uzbekistan.
Sec. 752. Review and report on prevention of suicide among members of 
              the Armed Forces stationed at remote installations 
              outside the contiguous United States.
Sec. 753. Study on medevac helicopters and ambulances at certain 
              military installations.
Sec. 754. Comptroller General study on prenatal and postpartum mental 
              health conditions among members of the Armed Forces and 
              their dependents.
Sec. 755. Report on lapses in TRICARE coverage for members of the 
              National Guard and reserve components.
Sec. 756. Study and report on increasing telehealth services across 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 757. Study on force mix options and service models to enhance 
              readiness of medical force of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 758. Report on billing practices for health care from Department 
              of Defense.

Subtitle E--Mental Health Services From Department of Veterans Affairs 
                   for Members of Reserve Components

Sec. 761. Short title.
Sec. 762. Expansion of eligibility for readjustment counseling and 
              related outpatient services from Department of Veterans 
              Affairs to include members of reserve components of the 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 763. Provision of mental health services from Department of 
              Veterans Affairs to members of reserve components of the 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 764. Inclusion of members of reserve components in mental health 
              programs of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 765. Report on mental health and related services provided by 
              Department of Veterans Affairs to members of the Armed 
              Forces.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Report on acquisition risk assessment and mitigation as part 
              of Adaptive Acquisition Framework implementation.
Sec. 802. Improving planning, execution, and oversight of life cycle 
              sustainment activities.
Sec. 803. Disclosures for offerors for certain shipbuilding major 
              defense acquisition program contracts.
Sec. 804. Implementation of modular open systems approaches.
Sec. 805. Congressional notification of termination of a middle tier 
              acquisition program.
Sec. 806. Definition of material weakness for contractor business 
              systems.
Sec. 807. Space system acquisition and the adaptive acquisition 
              framework.
Sec. 808. Acquisition authority of the Director of the Joint Artificial 
              Intelligence Center.
Sec. 809. Assessments of the process for developing capability 
              requirements for Department of Defense acquisition 
              programs.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 811. Sustainment reform for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 812. Inclusion of software in Government performance of 
              acquisition functions.
Sec. 813. Modifications to Comptroller General assessment of 
              acquisition programs and related initiatives.
Sec. 814. Cost or pricing data reporting requirements for Department of 
              Defense contracts.
Sec. 815. Prompt payment of contractors.
Sec. 816. Documentation pertaining to commercial item determinations.

[[Page H6150]]

Sec. 817. Modification to small purchase threshold exception to 
              sourcing requirements for certain articles.
Sec. 818. Repeal of program for qualified apprentices for military 
              construction contracts.
Sec. 819. Modifications to mitigating risks related to foreign 
              ownership, control, or influence of Department of Defense 
              contractors and subcontractors.
Sec. 820. Contract closeout authority for services contracts.
Sec. 821. Revision of proof required when using an evaluation factor 
              for employing or subcontracting with members of the 
              Selected Reserve.

       Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Software and Technology

Sec. 831. Contract authority for development and demonstration of 
              initial or additional prototype units.
Sec. 832. Extension of pilot program for streamlined awards for 
              innovative technology programs.
Sec. 833. Listing of other transaction authority consortia.
Sec. 834. Pilot program on the use of consumption-based solutions to 
              address software-intensive warfighting capability.
Sec. 835. Balancing security and innovation in software development and 
              acquisition.
Sec. 836. Digital modernization of analytical and decision-support 
              processes for managing and overseeing Department of 
              Defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 837. Safeguarding defense-sensitive United States intellectual 
              property, technology, and other data and information.
Sec. 838. Comptroller General report on implementation of software 
              acquisition reforms.
Sec. 839. Comptroller General report on intellectual property 
              acquisition and licensing.

                  Subtitle D--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 841. Additional requirements pertaining to printed circuit boards.
Sec. 842. Report on nonavailability determinations and quarterly 
              national technology and industrial base briefings.
Sec. 843. Modification of framework for modernizing acquisition 
              processes to ensure integrity of industrial base and 
              inclusion of optical transmission components.
Sec. 844. Expansion on the prohibition on acquiring certain metal 
              products.
Sec. 845. Miscellaneous limitations on the procurement of goods other 
              than United States goods.
Sec. 846. Improving implementation of policy pertaining to the national 
              technology and industrial base.
Sec. 847. Report and limitation on the availability of funds relating 
              to eliminating the gaps and vulnerabilities in the 
              national technology and industrial base.
Sec. 848. Supply of strategic and critical materials for the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 849. Analyses of certain activities for action to address sourcing 
              and industrial capacity.
Sec. 850. Implementation of recommendations for assessing and 
              strengthening the manufacturing and defense industrial 
              base and supply chain resiliency.
Sec. 851. Report on strategic and critical materials.
Sec. 852. Report on aluminum refining, processing, and manufacturing.

                   Subtitle E--Small Business Matters

Sec. 861. Initiatives to support small businesses in the national 
              technology and industrial base.
Sec. 862. Transfer of verification of small business concerns owned and 
              controlled by veterans or service-disabled veterans to 
              the Small Business Administration.
Sec. 863. Employment size standard requirements for small business 
              concerns.
Sec. 864. Maximum award price for sole source manufacturing contracts.
Sec. 865. Reporting requirement on expenditure amounts for the Small 
              Business Innovation Research Program and the Small 
              Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 866. Small businesses in territories of the United States.
Sec. 867. Eligibility of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
              Islands for certain Small Business Administration 
              programs.
Sec. 868. Past performance ratings of certain small business concerns.
Sec. 869. Extension of participation in 8(a) program.
Sec. 870. Compliance of Offices of Small Business and Disadvantaged 
              Business Utilization.
Sec. 871. Category management training.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Review of and report on overdue acquisition and cross-
              servicing agreement transactions.
Sec. 882. Domestic comparative testing activities.
Sec. 883. Prohibition on awarding of contracts to contractors that 
              require nondisclosure agreements relating to waste, 
              fraud, or abuse.
Sec. 884. Program management improvement officers and program 
              management policy council.
Sec. 885. Disclosure of beneficial owners in database for Federal 
              agency contract and grant officers.
Sec. 886. Repeal of pilot program on payment of costs for denied 
              Government Accountability Office bid protests.
Sec. 887. Amendments to submissions to Congress relating to certain 
              foreign military sales.
Sec. 888. Revision to requirement to use firm fixed-price contracts for 
              foreign military sales.
Sec. 889. Assessment and enhancement of national security innovation 
              base.
Sec. 890. Identification of certain contracts relating to construction 
              or maintenance of a border wall.
Sec. 891. Waivers of certain conditions for progress payments under 
              certain contracts during the COVID-19 national emergency.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Repeal of position of Chief Management Officer of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 902. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low 
              Intensity Conflict and related matters.
Sec. 903. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Industrial Base Policy.
Sec. 904. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
              Environment.
Sec. 905. Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation.
Sec. 906. Input from the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau to the 
              Joint Requirements Oversight Council.
Sec. 907. Assignment of responsibility for the Arctic region within the 
              Office of the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 908. Modernization of process used by the Department of Defense to 
              identify, task, and manage Congressional reporting 
              requirements.

  Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                Matters

Sec. 911. Reform of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 912. Limitation on reduction of civilian workforce.
Sec. 913. Chief Diversity Officer and Senior Advisors for Diversity and 
              Inclusion.
Sec. 914. Limitation on consolidation or transition to alternative 
              content delivery methods within the Defense Media 
              Activity.

                    Subtitle C--Space Force Matters

Sec. 921. Office of the Chief of Space Operations.
Sec. 922. Clarification of Space Force and Chief of Space Operations 
              authorities.
Sec. 923. Amendments to Department of the Air Force provisions in title 
              10, United States Code.
Sec. 924. Amendments to other provisions of title 10, United States 
              Code.
Sec. 925. Amendments to provisions of law relating to pay and 
              allowances.
Sec. 926. Amendments to provisions of law relating to veterans' 
              benefits.
Sec. 927. Amendments to other provisions of the United States Code and 
              other laws.
Sec. 928. Applicability to other provisions of law.
Sec. 929. Temporary exemption from authorized daily average of members 
              in pay grades E-8 and E-9.
Sec. 930. Limitation on transfer of military installations to the 
              jurisdiction of the Space Force.
Sec. 931. Organization of the Space Force.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Budget materials for special operations forces.
Sec. 1003. Application of Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation 
              Plan to fiscal years following fiscal year 2020.
Sec. 1004. Incentives for the achievement by the components of the 
              Department of Defense of unqualified audit opinions on 
              the financial statements.
Sec. 1005. Audit readiness and remediation.
Sec. 1006. Addition of Chief of the National Guard Bureau to the list 
              of officers providing reports of unfunded priorities.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Quarterly reports on Department of Defense support provided 
              to other United States agencies for counterdrug 
              activities and activities to counter transnational 
              organized crime.

                       Subtitle C--Naval Vessels

Sec. 1021. Limitation on availability of certain funds without naval 
              vessels plan and certification.
Sec. 1022. Limitations on use of funds in National Defense Sealift Fund 
              for purchase of foreign constructed vessels.
Sec. 1023. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for incrementally 
              funded contracts to provide full funding for Columbia 
              class submarines.
Sec. 1024. Preference for United States vessels in transporting 
              supplies by sea.

[[Page H6151]]

Sec. 1025. Restrictions on overhaul, repair, etc. of naval vessels in 
              foreign shipyards.
Sec. 1026. Biennial report on shipbuilder training and the defense 
              industrial base.
Sec. 1027. Modification of waiver authority on prohibition on use of 
              funds for retirement of certain legacy maritime mine 
              countermeasure platforms.
Sec. 1028. Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
              certain Navy mess operations afloat.
Sec. 1029. Working group on stabilization of Navy shipbuilding 
              industrial base workforce.
Sec. 1030. Limitation on naval force structure changes.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1041. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
              release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
              Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1042. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
              modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
              transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
              Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1043. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
              release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
              Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1044. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
              relinquish control of United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Support of special operations to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1052. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense clandestine 
              activities that support operational preparation of the 
              environment.
Sec. 1053. Sale or donation of excess Department of Defense personal 
              property for law enforcement activities.
Sec. 1054. Prohibition on retirement of nuclear powered aircraft 
              carriers before first refueling.
Sec. 1055. Reauthorization of National Oceanographic Partnership 
              Program.
Sec. 1056. Modification and technical correction to Department of 
              Defense authority to provide assistance along the 
              southern land border of the United States.
Sec. 1057. Limitation on use of funds for retirement of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 1058. Considerations relating to permanently basing United States 
              equipment or additional forces in host countries with at-
              risk vendors in 5G or 6G networks.
Sec. 1059. Public availability of Department of Defense legislative 
              proposals.
Sec. 1060. Arctic planning, research, and development.
Sec. 1061. Authority to establish a movement coordination center 
              pacific in the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1062. Limitation on provision of funds to institutions of higher 
              education hosting Confucius Institutes.
Sec. 1063. Support for national maritime heritage grants program.
Sec. 1064. Requirements for use of Federal law enforcement personnel, 
              active duty members of the Armed Forces, and National 
              Guard personnel in support of Federal authorities to 
              respond to civil disturbances.

                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1071. FFRDC study of explosive ordnance disposal agencies.
Sec. 1072. Study on force structure for Marine Corps aviation.
Sec. 1073. Report on joint training range exercises for the Pacific 
              region.
Sec. 1074. Reports on threats to United States forces from small 
              unmanned aircraft systems worldwide.
Sec. 1075. Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) reports on 
              improving the budget justification and related materials 
              of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1076. Quarterly briefings on Joint All Domain Command and Control 
              effort.
Sec. 1077. Report on civilian casualty resourcing and authorities.
Sec. 1078. Comptroller General Review of Department of Defense efforts 
              to prevent resale of goods manufactured by forced labor 
              in commissaries and exchanges.
Sec. 1079. Comptroller General report on Department of Defense 
              processes for responding to congressional reporting 
              requirements.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Reporting of adverse events relating to consumer products on 
              military installations.
Sec. 1083. Modification to First Division monument.
Sec. 1084. Sense of Congress regarding reporting of civilian casualties 
              resulting from United States military operations.
Sec. 1085. Deployment of real-time status of special use airspace.
Sec. 1086.  Duties of Secretary under uniformed and overseas citizens 
              absentee voting act.
Sec. 1087. Mitigation of military helicopter noise.
Sec. 1088. Congressional expression of support for designation of 
              National Borinqueneers Day.
Sec. 1089. Ted Stevens Center for Arctic Security Studies.
Sec. 1090. Establishment of vetting procedures and monitoring 
              requirements for certain military training.
Sec. 1091. Personal protective equipment matters.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 1101. Department of Defense policy on unclassified workspaces and 
              job functions of personnel with pending security 
              clearances.
Sec. 1102. Enhancement of public-private talent exchange programs in 
              the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1103. Paid parental leave technical corrections.
Sec. 1104. Authority to provide travel and transportation allowances in 
              connection with transfer ceremonies of certain civilian 
              employees who die overseas.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
              on premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for 
              Federal civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
              allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian 
              personnel on official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1107. Civilian faculty at the Defense Security Cooperation 
              University and Institute of Security Governance.
Sec. 1108. Temporary authority to appoint retired members of the Armed 
              Forces to positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1109. Fire fighters alternative work schedule demonstration 
              project for the Navy Region Mid-Atlantic Fire and 
              Emergency Services.
Sec. 1110. Special rules for certain monthly workers' compensation 
              payments and other payments for Federal Government 
              personnel under chief of mission authority.
Sec. 1111. Temporary increase in limitation on accumulation of annual 
              leave for Executive branch employees.
Sec. 1112. Telework travel expenses program of the United States Patent 
              and Trademark Office.
Sec. 1113. Extension of rate of overtime pay authority for Department 
              of the Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside 
              in support of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier 
              forward deployed in Japan.
Sec. 1114. Enhanced pay authority for certain acquisition and 
              technology positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1115. Enhanced pay authority for certain research and technology 
              positions in the science and technology reinvention 
              laboratories of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1116. Extension of enhanced appointment and compensation authority 
              for civilian personnel for care and treatment of wounded 
              and injured members of the armed forces.
Sec. 1117. Expansion of direct hire authority for certain Department of 
              Defense personnel to include installation military 
              housing office positions supervising privatized military 
              housing.
Sec. 1118. Extension of sunset of inapplicability of certification of 
              executive qualifications by qualification certification 
              review board of office of personnel management for 
              initial appointments to senior executive service 
              positions in department of defense.
Sec. 1119. Pilot program on enhanced pay authority for certain high-
              level management positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1120. Recruitment incentives for placement at remote locations.
Sec. 1121. Technical amendments regarding reimbursement of Federal, 
              State, and local income taxes incurred during travel, 
              transportation, and relocation.

Subtitle B--Elijah E. Cummings Federal Employee Antidiscrimination Act 
                                of 2020

Sec. 1131. Short title.
Sec. 1132. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1133. Notification of violation.
Sec. 1134. Reporting requirements.
Sec. 1135. Data to be posted by employing Federal agencies.
Sec. 1136. Data to be posted by the Equal Employment Opportunity 
              Commission.
Sec. 1137. Notification and Federal Employee Antidiscrimination and 
              Retaliation Act of 2002 amendments.
Sec. 1138. Nondisclosure agreement limitation.

[[Page H6152]]

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Authority to build capacity for additional operations.
Sec. 1202. Participation in European program on multilateral exchange 
              of surface transportation services.
Sec. 1203. Participation in programs relating to coordination or 
              exchange of air refueling and air transportation 
              services.
Sec. 1204. Reciprocal patient movement agreements.
Sec. 1205. Modification to the Inter-European Air Forces Academy.
Sec. 1206. Modification of authority for participation in multinational 
              centers of excellence.
Sec. 1207. Modification and extension of support of special operations 
              for irregular warfare.
Sec. 1208. Extension of authority to transfer excess high mobility 
              multipurpose wheeled vehicles to foreign countries.
Sec. 1209. Modification and extension of update of Department of 
              Defense Freedom of Navigation Report.
Sec. 1210. Extension and modification of authority to support border 
              security operations of certain foreign countries.
Sec. 1210A. Extension of Department of Defense support for 
              stabilization activities in national security interest of 
              the United States.
Sec. 1210B. Extension of report on workforce development.
Sec. 1210C. Plan to increase participation in international military 
              education and training programs.
Sec. 1210D. Mitigation and prevention of atrocities in high-risk 
              countries.
Sec. 1210E. Implementation of the Women, Peace, and Security Act of 
              2017.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
              certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
              States military operations.
Sec. 1212. Extension of the Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Program.
Sec. 1213. Extension and modification of support for reconciliation 
              activities led by the Government of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
              Program.
Sec. 1215. Limitation on use of funds to reduce deployment to 
              Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Modifications to immunity from seizure under judicial 
              process of cultural objects.
Sec. 1217. Congressional oversight of United States talks with Taliban 
              officials and Afghanistan's comprehensive peace process.
Sec. 1218. Strategy for post-conflict engagement on human rights in 
              Afghanistan.
Sec. 1219. Modification to report on enhancing security and stability 
              in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1220. Report on Operation Freedom's Sentinel.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Extension and modification of authority to provide 
              assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and 
              Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide 
              assistance to vetted Syrian groups and individuals.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support 
              operations and activities of the Office of Security 
              Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
              support to certain organizations.
Sec. 1225. Report and budget details regarding Operation Spartan 
              Shield.

                 Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
              United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1232. Matters relating to United States participation in the Open 
              Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1233. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
              of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1234. Annual report on military and security developments 
              involving the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1235. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
              Initiative.
Sec. 1236. Report on capability and capacity requirements of military 
              forces of Ukraine and resource plan for security 
              assistance.
Sec. 1237. Report on Russian Federation support of racially and 
              ethnically motivated violent extremists.
Sec. 1238. Authorization of rewards for providing information on 
              foreign election interference.

            Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1241. Determination and imposition of sanctions with respect to 
              Turkey's acquisition of the S-400 air defense system.
Sec. 1242. Clarification and expansion of sanctions relating to 
              construction of Nord Stream 2 or TurkStream pipeline 
              projects.
Sec. 1243. Extension of authority for training for Eastern European 
              national security forces in the course of multilateral 
              exercises.
Sec. 1244. Sense of Congress on support for the North Atlantic Treaty 
              Organization.
Sec. 1245. Limitation on United States force structure reductions in 
              Germany.
Sec. 1246. Report on United States military force posture in 
              Southeastern Europe.
Sec. 1247. Sense of Congress on support for coordinated action to 
              ensure the security of Baltic allies.
Sec. 1248. Sense of Congress on the role of the Kosovo Force of the 
              North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

        Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Pacific Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1252. Extension and modification of prohibition on commercial 
              export of certain covered munitions items to the Hong 
              Kong Police Force.
Sec. 1253. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1254. Cooperative program with Vietnam to account for Vietnamese 
              personnel missing in action.
Sec. 1255. Sense of Congress on the United States-Vietnam defense 
              relationship.
Sec. 1256. Pilot program to improve cyber cooperation with Vietnam, 
              Thailand, and Indonesia.
Sec. 1257. Report on the costs most directly associated with the 
              stationing of the Armed Forces in Japan.
Sec. 1258. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
              members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who 
              are deployed to South Korea.
Sec. 1259. Implementation of GAO recommendations on preparedness of 
              United States forces to counter North Korean chemical and 
              biological weapons.
Sec. 1260. Statement of policy and sense of Congress on the Taiwan 
              Relations Act.
Sec. 1260A. Annual briefing on Taiwan arms sales.
Sec. 1260B. Report on United States-Taiwan medical security 
              partnership.
Sec. 1260C. Establishment of capabilities to assess the defense 
              technological and industrial bases of China and other 
              foreign adversaries.
Sec. 1260D. Extension of annual report on military and security 
              developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1260E. Sense of Congress on the aggression of the Government of 
              China along the border with India and its growing 
              territorial claims.
Sec. 1260F. Assessment of National Cyber Strategy to deter China from 
              engaging in industrial espionage and cyber theft.
Sec. 1260G. Report on United Front Work Department.
Sec. 1260H. Public reporting of Chinese military companies operating in 
              the United States.
Sec. 1260I. Report on directed use of fishing fleets.

  Subtitle G--Sudan Democratic Transition, Accountability, and Fiscal 
                        Transparency Act of 2020

Sec. 1261. Short title.
Sec. 1262. Definitions.
Sec. 1263. Statement of policy.
Sec. 1264. Support for democratic governance, rule of law, human 
              rights, and fundamental freedoms.
Sec. 1265. Support for development programs.
Sec. 1266. Support for conflict mitigation.
Sec. 1267. Support for accountability for war crimes, crimes against 
              humanity, and genocide in Sudan.
Sec. 1268. Suspension of assistance.
Sec. 1269. Multilateral assistance.
Sec. 1270. Coordinated support to recover assets stolen from the 
              Sudanese people.
Sec. 1270A. Limitation on assistance to the Sudanese security and 
              intelligence services.
Sec. 1270B. Reports.
Sec. 1270C. United States strategy for support to a civilian-led 
              government in Sudan.
Sec. 1270D. Amendments to the Darfur Peace and Accountability Act of 
              2006.
Sec. 1270E. Repeal of Sudan Peace Act and the Comprehensive Peace in 
              Sudan Act.

Subtitle H--United States Israel Security Assistance Authorization Act 
                                of 2020

Sec. 1271. Short title.
Sec. 1272. Sense of Congress on United States-Israel relationship.
Sec. 1273. Security assistance for Israel.
Sec. 1274. Extension of war reserves stockpile authority.
Sec. 1275. Rules governing the transfer of precision-guided munitions 
              to Israel above the annual restriction.
Sec. 1276. Eligibility of Israel for the strategic trade authorization 
              exception to certain export control licensing 
              requirements.
Sec. 1277. United States Agency for International Development memoranda 
              of understanding to enhance cooperation with Israel.

[[Page H6153]]

Sec. 1278. Cooperative projects among the United States, Israel, and 
              developing countries.
Sec. 1279. Joint cooperative program related to innovation and high-
              tech for the Middle East region.
Sec. 1280. Cooperation on directed energy capabilities.
Sec. 1280A. Other matters of cooperation.
Sec. 1280B. Appropriate congressional committees defined.

              Subtitle I--Global Child Thrive Act of 2020

Sec. 1281. Short title.
Sec. 1282. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1283. Assistance to improve early childhood outcomes globally.
Sec. 1284. Special advisor for assistance to orphans and vulnerable 
              children.
Sec. 1285. Rule of construction.

       Subtitle J--Matters Relating to Africa and the Middle East

Sec. 1291. Briefing and report relating to reduction in the total 
              number of United States Armed Forces deployed to United 
              States Africa Command area of responsibility.
Sec. 1292. Notification with respect to withdrawal of members of the 
              Armed Forces participating in the Multinational Force and 
              Observers in Egypt.
Sec. 1293. Report on enhancing security partnerships between the United 
              States and African countries.
Sec. 1294. Plan to address gross violations of human rights and 
              civilian harm in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, and Niger.
Sec. 1295. Statement of policy and report relating to the conflict in 
              Yemen.
Sec. 1296. Report on United States military support of the Saudi-led 
              coalition in Yemen.
Sec. 1297. Sense of Congress on payment of amounts owed by Kuwait to 
              United States medical institutions.

                       Subtitle K--Other Matters

Sec. 1299A. Provision of goods and services at Kwajalein Atoll, 
              Republic of the Marshall Islands.
Sec. 1299B. Report on contributions received from designated countries.
Sec. 1299C. Modification to initiative to support protection of 
              national security academic researchers from undue 
              influence and other security threats.
Sec. 1299D. Extension of authorization of non-conventional assisted 
              recovery capabilities.
Sec. 1299E. Annual briefings on certain foreign military bases of 
              adversaries.
Sec. 1299F. Countering white identity terrorism globally.
Sec. 1299G. Report on progress of the Department of Defense with 
              respect to denying the strategic goals of a competitor 
              against a covered defense partner.
Sec. 1299H. Comparative studies on defense budget transparency of the 
              People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, and 
              the United States.
Sec. 1299I. Assessment of weapons of mass destruction terrorism.
Sec. 1299J. Review of Department of Defense compliance with 
              ``Principles Related to the Protection of Medical Care 
              Provided by Impartial Humanitarian Organizations During 
              Armed Conflicts''.
Sec. 1299K. Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala.
Sec. 1299L. Functional Center for Security Studies in Irregular 
              Warfare.
Sec. 1299M. United States-Israel operations-technology cooperation 
              within the United States-Israel Defense Acquisition 
              Advisory Group.
Sec. 1299N. Payment of passport fees for certain individuals.
Sec. 1299O. Resumption of Peace Corps operations.
Sec. 1299P. Establishment of the Open Technology Fund.
Sec. 1299Q. United States Agency for Global Media.
Sec. 1299R. Leveraging information on foreign traffickers.
Sec. 1299S. Rule of construction relating to use of military force.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat 
              reduction funds.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

                Subtitle B--Armed Forces Retirement Home

Sec. 1411. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
              Home.
Sec. 1412. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Forces 
              Retirement Home.
Sec. 1413. Periodic inspections of Armed Forces Retirement Home 
              facilities by nationally recognized accrediting 
              organization.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1421. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
              Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs medical facility 
              demonstration fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health 
              Care Center, Illinois.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1503. Procurement.
Sec. 1504. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1505. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1506. Military personnel.
Sec. 1507. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1508. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1510. Defense Health Program.

                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.

   TITLE XVI--SPACE ACTIVITIES, STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, AND INTELLIGENCE 
                                MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Space Development Agency development requirements and 
              transfer to Space Force.
Sec. 1602. Personnel management authority for Space Development Agency 
              for experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 1603. Requirement to buy certain satellite component from national 
              technology and industrial base.
Sec. 1604. Conforming amendments relating to reestablishment of Space 
              Command.
Sec. 1605. Clarification of authority for procurement of commercial 
              satellite communications services.
Sec. 1606. National Security Space Launch program.
Sec. 1607. Commercial space domain awareness capabilities.
Sec. 1608. Policy to ensure launch of small-class payloads.
Sec. 1609. Tactically responsive space launch operations.
Sec. 1610. Limitation on availability of funds for prototype program 
              for multi-global navigation satellite system receiver 
              development.
Sec. 1611. Resilient and survivable positioning, navigation, and timing 
              capabilities.
Sec. 1612. Leveraging commercial satellite remote sensing.
Sec. 1613. Strategy to strengthen civil and national security 
              capabilities and operations in space.
Sec. 1614. Report and strategy on space competition with China.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Safety of navigation mission of the National Geospatial-
              Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 1622. National Academies Climate Security Roundtable.
Sec. 1623. Efficient use of sensitive compartmented information 
              facilities.

                       Subtitle C--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1631. Semiannual updates on meetings held by Nuclear Weapons 
              Council; limitation on availability of funds relating to 
              such updates.
Sec. 1632. Role of Nuclear Weapons Council with respect to performance 
              requirements and budget for nuclear weapons programs.
Sec. 1633. Modification of Government Accountability Office review of 
              annual reports on nuclear weapons enterprise.
Sec. 1634. Independent study on nuclear weapons programs of certain 
              foreign countries.
Sec. 1635. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
              missiles of the United States.

                  Subtitle D--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1641. Alignment of the Missile Defense Agency within the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 1642. Extension of prohibition relating to missile defense 
              information and systems.
Sec. 1643. Extension of transition of ballistic missile defense 
              programs to military departments.
Sec. 1644. Extension of requirement for Comptroller General review and 
              assessment of missile defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 1645. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
              space sensor payload.
Sec. 1646. Ground-based midcourse defense interim capability.
Sec. 1647. Next generation interceptors.
Sec. 1648. Report on and limitation on availability of funds for 
              layered homeland missile defense system.
Sec. 1649. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
              cooperative missile defense program co-development and 
              co-production.
Sec. 1650. Report on defense of Guam from integrated air and missile 
              threats.
Sec. 1651. Reports on cruise missile defense and North Warning System.

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    Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Certain Commercial Terrestrial 
                               Operations

Sec. 1661. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain purposes 
              relating to the Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1662. Limitation on awarding contracts to entities operating 
              commercial terrestrial communication networks that cause 
              harmful interference with the Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1663. Independent technical review of Federal Communications 
              Commission Order 20-48.
Sec. 1664. Estimate of damages from Federal Communications Commission 
              Order 20-48.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1671. Conventional prompt strike.
Sec. 1672. Limitation on availability of funds relating to reports on 
              missile systems and arms control treaties.
Sec. 1673. Submission of reports under Missile Defense Review and 
              Nuclear Posture Review.

                 TITLE XVII--CYBERSPACE-RELATED MATTERS

Sec. 1701. Modification of mission of Cyber Command and assignment of 
              cyber operations forces.
Sec. 1702. Modification of scope of notification requirements for 
              sensitive military cyber operations.
Sec. 1703. Modification of requirements for quarterly Department of 
              Defense cyber operations briefings for Congress.
Sec. 1704. Clarification relating to protection from liability of 
              operationally critical contractors.
Sec. 1705. Strengthening Federal networks; CISA cybersecurity support 
              to agencies.
Sec. 1706. Improvements relating to the quadrennial cyber posture 
              review.
Sec. 1707. Modification of authority to use operation and maintenance 
              funds for cyber operations-peculiar capability 
              development projects.
Sec. 1708. Personnel management authority for Commander of United 
              States Cyber Command and development program for 
              offensive cyber operations.
Sec. 1709. Applicability of reorientation of Big Data Platform program 
              to Department of Navy.
Sec. 1710. Report on Cyber Institutes program.
Sec. 1711. Modification of acquisition authority of Commander of United 
              States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1712. Modification of requirements relating to the Strategic 
              Cybersecurity Program and the evaluation of cyber 
              vulnerabilities of major weapon systems of the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 1713. Modification of position of Principal Cyber Advisor.
Sec. 1714. Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1715. Establishment in Department of Homeland Security of joint 
              cyber planning office.
Sec. 1716. Subpoena authority.
Sec. 1717. Cybersecurity State Coordinator.
Sec. 1718. Cybersecurity Advisory Committee.
Sec. 1719. Cybersecurity education and training assistance program.
Sec. 1720. Framework for cyber hunt forward operations.
Sec. 1721. Rationalization and integration of parallel cybersecurity 
              architectures and operations.
Sec. 1722. Assessing risk to national security of quantum computing.
Sec. 1723. Tailored cyberspace operations organizations.
Sec. 1724. Responsibility for cybersecurity and critical infrastructure 
              protection of the defense industrial base.
Sec. 1725. Pilot program on remote provision by National Guard to 
              National Guards of other States of cybersecurity 
              technical assistance in training, preparation, and 
              response to cyber incidents.
Sec. 1726. Department of Defense cyber workforce efforts.
Sec. 1727. Reporting requirements for cross domain incidents and 
              exemptions to policies for information technology.
Sec. 1728. Assessing private-public collaboration in cybersecurity.
Sec. 1729. Cyber capabilities and interoperability of the National 
              Guard.
Sec. 1730. Evaluation of non-traditional cyber support to the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 1731. Integrated cybersecurity center plan.
Sec. 1732. Assessment of cyber operational planning and deconfliction 
              policies and processes.
Sec. 1733. Pilot program on cybersecurity capability metrics.
Sec. 1734. Assessment of effect of inconsistent timing and use of 
              Network Address Translation in Department of Defense 
              networks.
Sec. 1735. Integration of Department of Defense user activity 
              monitoring and cybersecurity.
Sec. 1736. Defense industrial base cybersecurity sensor architecture 
              plan.
Sec. 1737. Assessment on defense industrial base participation in a 
              threat information sharing program.
Sec. 1738. Assistance for small manufacturers in the defense industrial 
              supply chain on matters relating to cybersecurity.
Sec. 1739. Assessment on defense industrial base cybersecurity threat 
              hunting program.
Sec. 1740. Defense Digital Service.
Sec. 1741. Matters concerning the College of Information and Cyberspace 
              and limitation of funding for National Defense 
              University.
Sec. 1742. Department of Defense cyber hygiene and Cybersecurity 
              Maturity Model Certification framework.
Sec. 1743. Extension of sunset for pilot program on regional 
              cybersecurity training center for the Army National 
              Guard.
Sec. 1744. National cyber exercises.
Sec. 1745. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency review.
Sec. 1746. Report on enabling United States Cyber Command resource 
              allocation.
Sec. 1747. Ensuring cyber resiliency of nuclear command and control 
              system.
Sec. 1748. Requirements for review of and limitations on the Joint 
              Regional Security Stacks activity.
Sec. 1749. Implementation of information operations matters.
Sec. 1750. Report on use of encryption by Department of Defense 
              national security systems.
Sec. 1751. Guidance and direction on use of direct hiring processes for 
              artificial intelligence professionals and other data 
              science and software development personnel.
Sec. 1752. National Cyber Director.

    TITLE XVIII--TRANSFER AND REORGANIZATION OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
                                STATUTES

Sec. 1801. Transfer and reorganization of defense acquisition statutes.

                        Subtitle A--Definitions

Sec. 1806. Definitions.
Sec. 1807. General matters.
Sec. 1808. Defense acquisition system.
Sec. 1809. Budgeting and appropriations.
Sec. 1810. Operational contract support.

                    Subtitle B--Acquisition Planning

Sec. 1811. Planning and solicitation generally.
Sec. 1812. Independent cost estimation and cost analysis.
Sec. 1813. Other provisions relating to planning and solicitation 
              generally.

           Subtitle C--Contracting Methods and Contract Types

Sec. 1816. Awarding of contracts.
Sec. 1817. Specific types of contracts.
Sec. 1818. Other matters relating to awarding of contracts.
Sec. 1819. Undefinitized contractual actions.
Sec. 1820. Task and delivery order contracts.
Sec. 1821. Acquisition of commercial products and commercial services.
Sec. 1822. Multiyear contracts.
Sec. 1823. Simplified acquisition procedures.
Sec. 1824. Rapid acquisition procedures.
Sec. 1825. Contracts for long-term lease or charter of vessels, 
              aircraft, and combat vehicles.

               Subtitle D--General Contracting Provisions

Sec. 1831. Cost or pricing data.
Sec. 1832. Allowable costs.
Sec. 1833. Proprietary contractor data and rights in technical data.
Sec. 1834. Contract financing.
Sec. 1835. Contractor audits and accounting.
Sec. 1836. Claims and disputes.
Sec. 1837. Foreign acquisitions.
Sec. 1838. Socioeconomic programs.

                  Subtitle E--Research and Engineering

Sec. 1841. Research and engineering generally.
Sec. 1842. Innovation.
Sec. 1843. Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 1844. Research and development centers and facilities.
Sec. 1845. Test and evaluation.

  Subtitle F--Major Systems, Major Defense Acquisition Programs, and 
                       Weapon Systems Development

Sec. 1846. General matters.
Sec. 1847. Major systems and major defense acquisition programs 
              generally.
Sec. 1848. Life-cycle and sustainment.
Sec. 1849. Program status-selected acquisition reports.
Sec. 1850. Cost growth--unit cost reports (Nunn-McCurdy).
Sec. 1851. Weapon systems development and related matters.

          Subtitle G--Other Special Categories of Contracting

Sec. 1856. Acquisition of services generally.
Sec. 1857. Acquisition of information technology.

                    Subtitle H--Contract Management

Sec. 1861. Contract administration.
Sec. 1862. Prohibitions and penalties.
Sec. 1863. Contractor workforce.
Sec. 1864. Other administrative matters.

                  Subtitle I--Defense Industrial Base

Sec. 1866. Defense industrial base generally.
Sec. 1867. Policies and planning.
Sec. 1868. Development, application, and support of dual-use 
              technologies.
Sec. 1869. Manufacturing technology.
Sec. 1870. Other technology base policies and programs.
Sec. 1871. Small business programs.
Sec. 1872. Procurement technical assistance cooperative agreement 
              program.
Sec. 1873. Loan guarantee programs.

                       Subtitle J--Other Matters

Sec. 1876. Recodification of certain title 10 provisions relating to 
              contract financing for certain Navy contracts.

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Sec. 1877. Recodification of title 10 statute on cadre of personnel who 
              are intellectual property experts.
Sec. 1878. Transfer of title 10 section relating to notification of 
              Navy procurement production disruptions.
Sec. 1879. Transfer of title 10 section relating to energy security.
Sec. 1880. Part IV heading.
Sec. 1881. Repeal of chapters 137, 139, 144, and 148.
Sec. 1882. Revision of chapter 141.
Sec. 1883. References.
Sec. 1884. Savings provisions.
Sec. 1885. Rule of construction.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
              specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Limitation on military construction project at Kwajalein 
              Atoll.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2017 
              project at Camp Walker, Korea.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing and improvements to military family housing 
              units.
Sec. 2203. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing and improvements to military family housing 
              units.
Sec. 2303. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2304. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2018 project.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2019 projects.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2020 projects.
Sec. 2307. Technical corrections related to authority to carry out 
              certain fiscal year 2020 family housing projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
              Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Independent study on Western Emergency Refined Fuel 
              Reserves.

                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.
Sec. 2503. Execution of projects under the North Atlantic Treaty 
              Organization Security Investment Program.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. Qatar funded construction projects.

            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
              construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
Sec. 2607. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2020 
              project in Alabama.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
              closure activities funded through Department of Defense 
              Base Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
              closure (BRAC) round.
Sec. 2703. Plan to finish remediation activities conducted by the 
              Secretary of the Army in Umatilla, Oregon.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--Military Construction Program Changes

Sec. 2801. Modification and clarification of construction authority in 
              the event of a declaration of war or national emergency.
Sec. 2802. Extension of sunset for annual locality adjustment of dollar 
              thresholds applicable to unspecified minor military 
              construction authorities.
Sec. 2803. Modification of reporting requirements regarding certain 
              military construction projects and military family 
              housing projects, contracts, and agreements.
Sec. 2804. Consideration of energy security and energy resilience in 
              life-cycle cost for military construction.
Sec. 2805. Congressional project authorization required for military 
              construction projects for energy resilience, energy 
              security, and energy conservation.
Sec. 2806. One-year extension of temporary, limited authority to use 
              operation and maintenance funds for construction projects 
              in certain areas outside the United States.
Sec. 2807. Responsibility of Navy for military construction 
              requirements for certain Fleet Readiness Centers.

              Subtitle B--Military Family Housing Reforms

Sec. 2811. Modifications and technical corrections related to military 
              housing privatization reform.
Sec. 2812. Repeal of authority to lease substandard family housing 
              units to members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 2813. Expenditure priorities in using Department of Defense Family 
              Housing Improvement Fund.
Sec. 2814. Availability of information regarding assessment of 
              performance metrics for contracts for provision or 
              management of privatized military housing.
Sec. 2815. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement 
              recommendations relating to military family housing 
              contained in report by Inspector General of Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 2816. Promulgation of guidance to facilitate return of military 
              families displaced from privatized military housing.
Sec. 2817. Promulgation of guidance on relocation of residents of 
              military housing impacted by presence of mold.
Sec. 2818. Expansion of uniform code of basic standards for privatized 
              military housing and hazard and habitability inspection 
              and assessment requirements to Government-owned and 
              Government-controlled military family housing.

        Subtitle C--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Acceptance of property by military service academies, 
              professional military education schools, and military 
              museums subject to naming-rights condition.
Sec. 2822. Codification of reporting requirements regarding United 
              States overseas military enduring locations and 
              contingency locations.
Sec. 2823. Promotion of energy resilience and energy security in 
              privatized utility systems.
Sec. 2824. Vesting exercise of discretion with Secretaries of the 
              military departments regarding entering into longer-term 
              contracts for utility services.
Sec. 2825. Use of on-site energy production to promote military 
              installation energy resilience and energy security.
Sec. 2826. Improved electrical metering of Department of Defense 
              infrastructure supporting critical missions.
Sec. 2827. Improving water management and security on military 
              installations.
Sec. 2828. Prohibition relating to closure or return to host nation of 
              existing military installations, infrastructure, or real 
              property in Europe.

                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Land conveyance, Camp Navajo, Arizona.
Sec. 2832. Modification of land exchange involving Naval Industrial 
              Reserve Ordnance Plant, Sunnyvale, California.
Sec. 2833. Land conveyance, Sharpe Army Depot, Lathrop, California.
Sec. 2834. Land exchange, San Bernardino County, California.
Sec. 2835. Land conveyance, Over-the-Horizon Backscatter Radar System 
              receiving station, Modoc County, California.
Sec. 2836. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, Naval Support 
              Activity Panama City, Florida, parcel.
Sec. 2837. Lease extension, Bryan Multi-Sports Complex, Wayne County, 
              North Carolina.
Sec. 2838. Land conveyances, Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Tennessee.

                 Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Renewal of land withdrawal and reservation to benefit Naval 
              Air Facility, El Centro, California.
Sec. 2842. Renewal of Fallon Range Training Complex land withdrawal and 
              reservation.

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Sec. 2843. Renewal of Nevada Test and Training Range land withdrawal 
              and reservation.
Sec. 2844. Establishment of interagency committees on joint use of 
              certain land withdrawn from appropriation under public 
              land laws.

            Subtitle F--Asia-Pacific and Indo-Pacific Issues

Sec. 2851. Change to biennial reporting requirement for Interagency 
              Coordination Group of Inspectors General for Guam 
              Realignment.
Sec. 2852. Additional exception to restriction on development of public 
              infrastructure in connection with realignment of Marine 
              Corps forces in Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 2853. Development of master plan for infrastructure to support 
              rotational Armed Forces in Australia.
Sec. 2854. Bulk fuel management in United States Indo-Pacific Command 
              Area of Responsibility.

                 Subtitle G--Authorized Pilot Programs

Sec. 2861. Pilot program to authorize use of cost savings realized from 
              intergovernmental services agreements for installation-
              support services.
Sec. 2862. Department of Defense pilot program to evaluate expansion of 
              land exchange authority.
Sec. 2863. Pilot program to support combatant command military 
              construction priorities.
Sec. 2864. Pilot program to test use of emergency diesel generators in 
              a microgrid configuration at certain military 
              installations.
Sec. 2865. Pilot program to authorize additional military construction 
              projects for child development centers at military 
              installations.
Sec. 2866. Department of the Army pilot program for development and use 
              of online real estate inventory tool.

             Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Studies and Reports

Sec. 2871. Reports regarding decision-making process used to locate or 
              relocate major headquarters and certain military units 
              and weapon systems.
Sec. 2872. Report on effect of noise restrictions on military 
              installations and operations and development and 
              implementation of noise mitigation measures.
Sec. 2873. Study and report regarding continued need for protected 
              aircraft shelters in Europe and status of United States 
              air base resiliency in Europe.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 2881. Military construction infrastructure and weapon system 
              synchronization for Ground Based Strategic Deterrent.
Sec. 2882. Defense Community Infrastructure Program.
Sec. 2883. Consideration of certain military family readiness issues in 
              making basing decisions associated with certain military 
              units and major headquarters.
Sec. 2884. Department of Defense policy for regulation in military 
              communities of dangerous dogs kept as pets.

   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorization of appropriations.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

             Subtitle B--Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Matters

Sec. 3111. W93 nuclear warhead acquisition process.
Sec. 3112. Earned value management and technology readiness levels for 
              life extension programs.
Sec. 3113. Monitoring of industrial base for nuclear weapons 
              components, subsystems, and materials.
Sec. 3114. Plutonium pit production.

           Subtitle C--Defense Environmental Cleanup Matters

Sec. 3121. Public statement of environmental liabilities for facilities 
              undergoing defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3122. Inclusion of missed milestones in future-years defense 
              environmental cleanup plan.
Sec. 3123. Classification of defense environmental cleanup as capital 
              asset projects or operations activities.
Sec. 3124. Extension of limitation relating to reclassification of 
              high-level waste.
Sec. 3125. Continued analysis of approaches for supplemental treatment 
              of low-activity waste at Hanford Nuclear Reservation.

              Subtitle D--Safeguards and Security Matters

Sec. 3131. Reporting on penetrations of networks of contractors and 
              subcontractors.

                     Subtitle E--Personnel Matters

Sec. 3141. Extension of authority for appointment of certain 
              scientific, engineering, and technical personnel.
Sec. 3142. Inclusion of certain employees and contractors of Department 
              of Energy in definition of public safety officer for 
              purposes of certain death benefits.
Sec. 3143. Reimbursement for liability insurance for nuclear materials 
              couriers.
Sec. 3144. Transportation and moving expenses for immediate family of 
              deceased nuclear materials couriers.
Sec. 3145. Permanent extension of Office of Ombudsman for Energy 
              Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program.
Sec. 3146. Reports on diversity of certain contractor employees of 
              National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3147. Sense of Congress regarding compensation of individuals 
              relating to uranium mining and nuclear testing.

          Subtitle F--Budget and Financial Management Matters

Sec. 3151. Reports on financial balances for atomic energy defense 
              activities.

                   Subtitle G--Administrative Matters

Sec. 3161. Modifications to enhanced procurement authority to manage 
              supply chain risk.
Sec. 3162. Extension of pilot program on unavailability for overhead 
              costs of amounts specified for laboratory-directed 
              research and development.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 3171. Independent study on potential environmental effects of 
              nuclear war.
Sec. 3172. Review of future of computing beyond exascale at the 
              National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3173. Sense of Congress on the Agreement Suspending the 
              Antidumping Investigation on Uranium from the Russian 
              Federation.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Nonpublic collaborative discussions by Defense Nuclear 
              Facilities Safety Board.

                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                  Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Improvements to process for waiving navigation and vessel-
              inspection laws and approving foreign vessel charters for 
              passenger vessels.
Sec. 3503. Superintendent of the United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3504. Assistance for inland and small coastal ports and terminals.
Sec. 3505. Maritime transportation system emergency relief program.
Sec. 3506. Sea year cadets on cable security fleet and tanker security 
              fleet vessels.
Sec. 3507. Centers of excellence for domestic maritime workforce 
              training and education: technical amendments.
Sec. 3508. Merchant mariner training and education.
Sec. 3509. Publication of information about students and recent 
              graduates of Maritime Academies.
Sec. 3510. Mariner licensing and credentialing for M/V LISERON.

                   Subtitle B--Tanker Security Fleet

Sec. 3511. Tanker Security Fleet.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 3521. Maritime security and domain awareness.
Sec. 3522. Sense of Congress regarding role of domestic maritime 
              industry in national security.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
              contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
              operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

[[Page H6157]]

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of energy national security programs.

  DIVISION E--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INITIATIVE ACT OF 2020

Sec. 5001. Short title.
Sec. 5002. Definitions.

         TITLE LI--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INITIATIVE

Sec. 5101. National Artificial Intelligence Initiative.
Sec. 5102. National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Office.
Sec. 5103. Coordination by Interagency Committee.
Sec. 5104. National Artificial Intelligence Advisory Committee.
Sec. 5105. National Academies artificial intelligence impact study on 
              workforce.
Sec. 5106. National AI Research Resource Task Force.

    TITLE LII--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTES

Sec. 5201. National Artificial Intelligence Research Institutes.

 TITLE LIII--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5301. National institute of standards and technology activities.
Sec. 5302. Stakeholder outreach.
Sec. 5303. National oceanic and atmospheric administration artificial 
              intelligence center.

    TITLE LIV--NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
                               ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5401. Artificial intelligence research and education.

TITLE LV--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM

Sec. 5501. Department of energy artificial intelligence research 
              program.

                   DIVISION F--ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING

Sec. 6001. Short title.
Sec. 6002. Purposes.
Sec. 6003. Definitions.

 TITLE LXI--STRENGTHENING TREASURY FINANCIAL INTELLIGENCE, ANTI-MONEY 
     LAUNDERING, AND COUNTERING THE FINANCING OF TERRORISM PROGRAMS

Sec. 6101. Establishment of national exam and supervision priorities.
Sec. 6102. Strengthening FinCEN.
Sec. 6103. FinCEN Exchange.
Sec. 6104. Interagency anti-money laundering and countering the 
              financing of terrorism personnel rotation program.
Sec. 6105. Terrorism and financial intelligence special hiring 
              authority.
Sec. 6106. Treasury Attache program.
Sec. 6107. Establishment of FinCEN Domestic Liaisons.
Sec. 6108. Foreign Financial Intelligence Unit Liaisons.
Sec. 6109. Protection of information exchanged with foreign law 
              enforcement and financial intelligence units.
Sec. 6110. Bank Secrecy Act application to dealers in antiquities and 
              assessment of Bank Secrecy Act application to dealers in 
              arts.
Sec. 6111. Increasing technical assistance for international 
              cooperation.
Sec. 6112. International coordination.

 TITLE LXII--MODERNIZING THE ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING AND COUNTERING THE 
                     FINANCING OF TERRORISM SYSTEM

Sec. 6201. Annual reporting requirements.
Sec. 6202. Additional considerations for suspicious activity reporting 
              requirements.
Sec. 6203. Law enforcement feedback on suspicious activity reports.
Sec. 6204. Streamlining requirements for currency transaction reports 
              and suspicious activity reports.
Sec. 6205. Currency transaction reports and suspicious activity reports 
              thresholds review.
Sec. 6206. Sharing of threat pattern and trend information.
Sec. 6207. Subcommittee on Innovation and Technology.
Sec. 6208. Establishment of Bank Secrecy Act Innovation Officers.
Sec. 6209. Testing methods rulemaking.
Sec. 6210. Financial technology assessment.
Sec. 6211. Financial crimes tech symposium.
Sec. 6212. Pilot program on sharing of information related to 
              suspicious activity reports within a financial group.
Sec. 6213. Sharing of compliance resources.
Sec. 6214. Encouraging information sharing and public-private 
              partnerships.
Sec. 6215. Financial services de-risking.
Sec. 6216. Review of regulations and guidance.

    TITLE LXIII--IMPROVING ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING AND COUNTERING THE 
     FINANCING OF TERRORISM COMMUNICATION, OVERSIGHT, AND PROCESSES

Sec. 6301. Improved interagency coordination and consultation.
Sec. 6302. Subcommittee on Information Security and Confidentiality.
Sec. 6303. Establishment of Bank Secrecy Act Information Security 
              Officers.
Sec. 6304. FinCEN analytical hub.
Sec. 6305. Assessment of Bank Secrecy Act no-action letters.
Sec. 6306. Cooperation with law enforcement.
Sec. 6307. Training for examiners on anti-money laundering and 
              countering the financing of terrorism.
Sec. 6308. Obtaining foreign bank records from banks with United States 
              correspondent accounts.
Sec. 6309. Additional damages for repeat Bank Secrecy Act violators.
Sec. 6310. Certain violators barred from serving on boards of United 
              States financial institutions.
Sec. 6311. Department of Justice report on deferred and non-prosecution 
              agreements.
Sec. 6312. Return of profits and bonuses.
Sec. 6313. Prohibition on concealment of the source of assets in 
              monetary transactions.
Sec. 6314. Updating whistleblower incentives and protection.

  TITLE LXIV--ESTABLISHING BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP INFORMATION REPORTING 
                              REQUIREMENTS

Sec. 6401. Short title.
Sec. 6402. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 6403. Beneficial ownership information reporting requirements.

                        TITLE LXV--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 6501. Investigations and prosecution of offenses for violations of 
              the securities laws.
Sec. 6502. GAO and Treasury studies on beneficial ownership information 
              reporting requirements.
Sec. 6503. GAO study on feedback loops.
Sec. 6504. GAO CTR study and report.
Sec. 6505. GAO studies on trafficking.
Sec. 6506. Treasury study and strategy on trade-based money laundering.
Sec. 6507. Treasury study and strategy on money laundering by the 
              People's Republic of China.
Sec. 6508. Treasury and Justice study on the efforts of authoritarian 
              regimes to exploit the financial system of the United 
              States.
Sec. 6509. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6510. Discretionary surplus funds.
Sec. 6511. Severability.

  DIVISION G--ELIJAH E. CUMMINGS COAST GUARD AUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2020

Sec. 8001. Short title.
Sec. 8002. Definition of Commandant.

                      TITLE LVXXXI--AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 8101. Authorizations of appropriations.
Sec. 8102. Authorized levels of military strength and training.
Sec. 8103. Determination of budgetary effects.
Sec. 8104. Availability of amounts for acquisition of additional 
              National Security Cutter.
Sec. 8105. Procurement authority for Polar Security Cutters.
Sec. 8106. Sense of the Congress on need for new Great Lakes 
              icebreaker.
Sec. 8107. Procurement authority for Great Lakes icebreaker.
Sec. 8108. Polar Security Cutter acquisition report.
Sec. 8109. Shoreside infrastructure.
Sec. 8110. Major acquisition systems infrastructure.
Sec. 8111. Polar icebreakers.
Sec. 8112. Acquisition of fast response cutter.

                       TITLE LVXXXII--COAST GUARD

                 Subtitle A--Military Personnel Matters

Sec. 8201. Grade on retirement.
Sec. 8202. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board 
              consideration.
Sec. 8203. Temporary promotion authority for officers in certain grades 
              with critical skills.
Sec. 8204. Career intermission program.
Sec. 8205. Direct commissioning authority for individuals with critical 
              skills.
Sec. 8206. Employment assistance.

            Subtitle B--Organization and Management Matters

Sec. 8211. Congressional affairs; Director.
Sec. 8212. Limitations on claims.
Sec. 8213. Renewal of temporary early retirement authority.
Sec. 8214. Major acquisitions; operation and sustainment costs.
Sec. 8215. Support of women serving in the Coast Guard.
Sec. 8216. Disposition of infrastructure related to E-LORAN.
Sec. 8217. Positions of importance and responsibility.
Sec. 8218. Research projects; transactions other than contracts and 
              grants.
Sec. 8219. Acquisition workforce authorities.
Sec. 8220. Vessel conversion, alteration, and repair projects.
Sec. 8221. Modification of acquisition process and procedures.
Sec. 8222. Establishment and purpose of Fund; definition.
Sec. 8223. Payments from Fund.
Sec. 8224. Determination of contributions to Fund.
Sec. 8225. Payments into Fund.

       Subtitle C--Access to Child Care for Coast Guard Families

Sec. 8231. Report on child care and school-age care assistance for 
              qualified families.
Sec. 8232. Review of family support services website and online 
              tracking system.
Sec. 8233. Study and survey on Coast Guard child care needs.
Sec. 8234. Pilot program to expand access to child care.
Sec. 8235. Improvements to Coast Guard-owned family housing.
Sec. 8236. Briefing on transfer of family child care provider 
              qualifications and certifications.
Sec. 8237. Inspections of Coast Guard child development centers and 
              family child care providers.

[[Page H6158]]

Sec. 8238. Expanding opportunities for family child care.
Sec. 8239. Definitions.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 8240. Modifications of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 8241. Report on cybersecurity workforce.
Sec. 8242. Report on navigation and bridge resource management.
Sec. 8243. Report on helicopter life-cycle support and 
              recapitalization.
Sec. 8244. Report on Coast Guard response capabilities for cyber 
              incidents on vessels entering ports or waters of the 
              United States.
Sec. 8245. Study and report on Coast Guard interdiction of illicit 
              drugs in transit zones.
Sec. 8246. Report on liability limits set in section 1004 of the Oil 
              Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 8247. Report on Coast Guard defense readiness resources 
              allocation.
Sec. 8248. Report on the feasibility of liquefied natural gas fueled 
              vessels.
Sec. 8249. Coast Guard authorities study.
Sec. 8250. Report on effects of climate change on Coast Guard.
Sec. 8251. Shore infrastructure.
Sec. 8252. Coast Guard housing; status and authorities briefing.
Sec. 8253. Physical access control system report.
Sec. 8254. Study on Certificate of Compliance inspection program with 
              respect to vessels that carry bulk liquefied gases as 
              cargo and liquefied natural gas tank vessels.
Sec. 8255. Comptroller General of the United States review and report 
              on Coast Guard's International Port Security Program.
Sec. 8256. Comptroller General of the United States review and report 
              on surge capacity of the Coast Guard.
Sec. 8257. Comptroller General of the United States review and report 
              on marine inspections program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8258. Comptroller General of the United States review and report 
              on information technology program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8259. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
              access to health care by members of Coast Guard and 
              dependents.
Sec. 8260. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
              medical staffing standards and needs for Coast Guard.
Sec. 8261. Report on fast response cutters, offshore patrol cutters, 
              and national security cutters.

            Subtitle E--Coast Guard Academy Improvement Act

Sec. 8271. Short title.
Sec. 8272. Coast Guard Academy study.
Sec. 8273. Annual report.
Sec. 8274. Assessment of Coast Guard Academy admission processes.
Sec. 8275. Coast Guard Academy minority outreach team program.
Sec. 8276. Coast Guard college student pre-commissioning initiative.
Sec. 8277. Annual board of visitors.
Sec. 8278. Homeland Security rotational cybersecurity research program 
              at Coast Guard Academy.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 8281. Strategy on leadership of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8282. Expedited transfer in cases of sexual assault; dependents of 
              members of the Coast Guard.
Sec. 8283. Access to resources during creosote-related building 
              closures at Coast Guard Base Seattle, Washington.
Sec. 8284. Southern resident orca conservation and enforcement.
Sec. 8285. Sense of Congress and report on implementation of policy on 
              issuance of warrants and subpoenas and whistleblower 
              protections by agents of the Coast Guard Investigative 
              Service.
Sec. 8286. Inspector General report on access to Equal Opportunity 
              Advisors and Equal Employment Opportunity Specialists.
Sec. 8287. Insider Threat Program.

                        TITLE LVXXXIII--MARITIME

                         Subtitle A--Navigation

Sec. 8301. Electronic charts; equivalency.
Sec. 8302. Subrogated claims.
Sec. 8303. Loan provisions under Oil Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 8304. Oil pollution research and development program.

                          Subtitle B--Shipping

Sec. 8311. Passenger vessel security and safety requirements; 
              application.
Sec. 8312. Small passenger vessels and uninspected passenger vessels.
Sec. 8313. Non-operating individual.
Sec. 8314. Conforming amendments: training; public safety personnel.
Sec. 8315. Maritime transportation assessment.
Sec. 8316. Engine cut-off switches; use requirement.
Sec. 8317. Authority to waive operator of self-propelled uninspected 
              passenger vessel requirements.
Sec. 8318. Exemptions and equivalents.
Sec. 8319. Renewal of merchant mariner licenses and documents.
Sec. 8320. Certificate extensions.
Sec. 8321. Vessel safety standards.
Sec. 8322. Medical standards.

                    Subtitle C--Advisory Committees

Sec. 8331. Advisory committees.
Sec. 8332. Maritime Transportation System National Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8333. Expired maritime liens.
Sec. 8334. Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8335. National Commercial Fishing Safety Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8336. Exemption of commercial fishing vessels operating in Alaskan 
              Region from Global Maritime Distress and Safety System 
              requirements of Federal Communications Commission.

                           Subtitle D--Ports

Sec. 8341. Port, harbor, and coastal facility security.
Sec. 8342. Aiming laser pointer at vessel.
Sec. 8343. Safety of special activities.
Sec. 8344. Security plans; reviews.
Sec. 8345. Vessel traffic service.
Sec. 8346. Transportation work identification card pilot program.

                      TITLE LVXXXIV--MISCELLANEOUS

                  Subtitle A--Navigation and Shipping

Sec. 8401. Coastwise trade.
Sec. 8402. Towing vessels operating outside boundary line.
Sec. 8403. Sense of Congress regarding the maritime industry of the 
              United States.
Sec. 8404. Cargo preference study.
Sec. 8405. Towing vessel inspection fees review.

                 Subtitle B--Maritime Domain Awareness

Sec. 8411. Unmanned maritime systems and satellite vessel tracking 
              technologies.
Sec. 8412. Unmanned aircraft systems testing.
Sec. 8413. Land-based unmanned aircraft system program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8414. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
              unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 8415. United States commercial space-based radio frequency 
              maritime domain awareness testing and evaluation program.
Sec. 8416. Authorization of use of automatic identification systems 
              devices to mark fishing equipment.

                           Subtitle C--Arctic

Sec. 8421. Coast Guard Arctic prioritization.
Sec. 8422. Arctic PARS Native engagement.
Sec. 8423. Voting requirement.
Sec. 8424. Report on the Arctic capabilities of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 8425. Report on Arctic search and rescue.
Sec. 8426. Arctic Shipping Federal Advisory Committee.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 8431. Plan for wing-in-ground demonstration plan.
Sec. 8432. Northern Michigan oil spill response planning.
Sec. 8433. Documentation of LNG tankers.
Sec. 8434. Replacement vessel.
Sec. 8435. Educational vessel.
Sec. 8436. Waters deemed not navigable waters of the United States for 
              certain purposes.
Sec. 8437. Anchorages.
Sec. 8438. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
              vertical evacuation for tsunamis at Coast Guard Stations 
              in Washington and Oregon.
Sec. 8439. Authority to enter into agreements with National Coast Guard 
              Museum Association.
Sec. 8440. Video equipment; access and retention of records.
Sec. 8441. Regulations for covered small passenger vessels.

     TITLE LVXXXV--TECHNICAL, CONFORMING, AND CLARIFYING AMENDMENTS

Sec. 8501. Transfers.
Sec. 8502. Additional transfers.
Sec. 8503. License exemptions; repeal of obsolete provisions.
Sec. 8504. Maritime transportation system.
Sec. 8505. References to ``persons'' and ``seamen''.
Sec. 8506. References to ``himself'' and ``his''.
Sec. 8507. Miscellaneous technical corrections.
Sec. 8508. Technical corrections relating to codification of Ports and 
              Waterways Safety Act.
Sec. 8509. Aids to navigation.
Sec. 8510. Transfers related to employees of Lighthouse Service.
Sec. 8511. Transfers related to surviving spouses of Lighthouse Service 
              employees.
Sec. 8512. Repeals related to lighthouse statutes.
Sec. 8513. Common appropriation structure.

               TITLE LVXXXVI--FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION

Sec. 8601. Short title.
Sec. 8602. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 8603. Unfinished proceedings.
Sec. 8604. National Shipper Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8605. Transfer of Federal Maritime Commission provisions.

                       DIVISION H--OTHER MATTERS

                  TITLE XC--HOMELAND SECURITY MATTERS

Sec. 9001. Department of Homeland Security CISA Director.
Sec. 9002. Sector risk management agencies.
Sec. 9003. Review and analysis of inland waters seaport security.
Sec. 9004. Department of Homeland Security reports on digital content 
              forgery technology.
Sec. 9005. GAO study of cybersecurity insurance.

[[Page H6159]]

Sec. 9006. Strategy to secure email.
Sec. 9007. Department of Homeland Security large-scale non-intrusive 
              inspection scanning plan.

                  TITLE XCI--VETERANS AFFAIRS MATTERS

Sec. 9101. Modification of licensure requirements for Department of 
              Veterans Affairs health care professionals providing 
              treatment via telemedicine.
Sec. 9102. Additional care for newborn children of veterans.
Sec. 9103. Expansion of eligibility for HUD-VASH.
Sec. 9104. Study on unemployment rate of women veterans who served on 
              active duty in the Armed Forces after September 11, 2001.
Sec. 9105. Access of veterans to Individual Longitudinal Exposure 
              Record.
Sec. 9106. Department of Veterans Affairs report on undisbursed funds.
Sec. 9107. Transfer of Mare Island Naval Cemetery to Secretary of 
              Veterans Affairs for maintenance by National Cemetery 
              Administration.
Sec. 9108. Comptroller General report on Department of Veterans Affairs 
              handling of disability compensation claims by certain 
              veterans.
Sec. 9109. Additional diseases associated with exposure to certain 
              herbicide agents for which there is a presumption of 
              service connection for veterans who served in the 
              Republic of Vietnam.

                   TITLE XCII--COMMUNICATIONS MATTERS

Sec. 9201. Reliable emergency alert distribution improvement.
Sec. 9202. Wireless supply chain innovation and multilateral security.
Sec. 9203. Spectrum information technology modernization efforts.
Sec. 9204. Internet of Things.

                   TITLE XCIII--INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

Sec. 9301. Requirement for facilitation of establishment of social 
              media data and threat analysis center.
Sec. 9302. Independent study on identifying and addressing threats that 
              individually or collectively affect national security, 
              financial security, or both.

           TITLE XCIV--SCIENCE, SPACE, AND TECHNOLOGY MATTERS

                   Subtitle A--Cybersecurity Matters

Sec. 9401. Improving national initiative for cybersecurity education.
Sec. 9402. Development of standards and guidelines for improving 
              cybersecurity workforce of Federal agencies.
Sec. 9403. Modifications to Federal cyber scholarship-for-service 
              program.
Sec. 9404. Additional modifications to Federal cyber scholarship-for-
              service program.
Sec. 9405. Cybersecurity in programs of the National Science 
              Foundation.
Sec. 9406. Cybersecurity in STEM programs of the National Aeronautics 
              and Space Administration.
Sec. 9407. National cybersecurity challenges.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 9411. Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 9412. Industries of the future.
Sec. 9413. National Institute of Standards and Technology Manufacturing 
              Extension Partnership program supply chain database.
Sec. 9414. Study on Chinese policies and influence in the development 
              of international standards for emerging technologies.
Sec. 9415. Coordination with Hollings Manufacturing Extension 
              Partnership Centers.

                  TITLE XCV--NATURAL RESOURCES MATTERS

Sec. 9501. Transfer of funds for Oklahoma City national memorial 
              endowment fund.
Sec. 9502. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.
Sec. 9503. Affirmation of authority for non-oil and gas operations on 
              the outer Continental Shelf.

                TITLE XCVI--OVERSIGHT AND REFORM MATTERS

Sec. 9601. Inventory of program activities of Federal agencies.
Sec. 9602. Preservation of electronic messages and other records.
Sec. 9603. Continuity of the economy plan.

                TITLE XCVII--FINANCIAL SERVICES MATTERS

           Subtitle A--Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Rewards Act

Sec. 9701. Short title.
Sec. 9702. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 9703. Department of the Treasury Kleptocracy Asset Recovery 
              Rewards Pilot Program.

             Subtitle B--Combating Russian Money Laundering

Sec. 9711. Short title.
Sec. 9712. Statement of policy.
Sec. 9713. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 9714. Determination with respect to primary money laundering 
              concern of Russian illicit finance.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 9721. Certified notice at completion of an assessment.
Sec. 9722. Ensuring Chinese debt transparency.
Sec. 9723. Accountability for World Bank Loans to China.
Sec. 9724. Fairness for Taiwan nationals regarding employment at 
              international financial institutions.

 TITLE XCIX--CREATING HELPFUL INCENTIVES TO PRODUCE SEMICONDUCTORS FOR 
                                AMERICA

Sec. 9901. Definitions.
Sec. 9902. Semiconductor incentives.
Sec. 9903. Department of Defense.
Sec. 9904. Department of Commerce study on status of microelectronics 
              technologies in the United States industrial base.
Sec. 9905. Funding for development and adoption of measurably secure 
              semiconductors and measurably secure semiconductors 
              supply chains.
Sec. 9906. Advanced microelectronics research and development.
Sec. 9907. Prohibition relating to foreign entities of concern.
Sec. 9908. Defense Production Act of 1950 efforts.

                         TITLE C--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 10001. AMBER Alert nationwide.
Sec. 10002. Improving authority for operation of unmanned aircraft for 
              educational purposes.
Sec. 10003. Prohibition on provision of airport improvement grant funds 
              to certain entities that have violated intellectual 
              property rights of United States entities.
Sec. 10004. Study and report on the affordability of insulin.
Sec. 10005. Waiver authority with respect to institutions located in an 
              area affected by Hurricane Maria.
Sec. 10006. Farm and ranch mental health.

     SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

       In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' 
     has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of 
     title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

       The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of 
     complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall 
     be determined by reference to the latest statement titled 
     ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation'' for this Act, 
     jointly submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by 
     the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget Committees, 
     provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
     vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference 
     report or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Modifications to requirement for an interim cruise missile 
              defense capability.
Sec. 112. Report and limitations on acquisition of Integrated Visual 
              Augmentation System.
Sec. 113. Assessment of investment and sustainment for procurement of 
              cannon tubes.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Limitation on alteration of the Navy fleet mix.
Sec. 122. Limitations on Navy medium and large unmanned surface 
              vessels.
Sec. 123. Fighter force structure acquisition strategy.
Sec. 124. Procurement authorities for certain amphibious shipbuilding 
              programs.
Sec. 125. Land-based test program for the FFG(X) Frigate program.
Sec. 126. Treatment in future budgets of the President of systems added 
              by Congress.
Sec. 127. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
              waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 128. Report on strategy to use ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer to 
              ensure full spectrum electromagnetic superiority.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Minimum operational squadron level.
Sec. 132. Modification of force structure objectives for bomber 
              aircraft.
Sec. 133. Minimum bomber aircraft force level.
Sec. 134. Required minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft.
Sec. 135. Inventory requirements for air refueling tanker aircraft.
Sec. 136. Authority to use F-35A fighter aircraft AT-1 through AT-6.
Sec. 137. F-35 aircraft gun system ammunition.
Sec. 138. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for 
              retirement of RC-135 aircraft.
Sec. 139. Modification to limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 
              aircraft.
Sec. 140. Modification of limitation on availability of funds for 
              retirement of E-8 JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 141. Limitation on divestment of F-15C aircraft within the 
              European theater.
Sec. 142. Modernization plan for airborne intelligence, surveillance, 
              and reconnaissance.
Sec. 143. RC-26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
              aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on funding for Close Air Support Integration 
              Group.
Sec. 145. Required solution for KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
              limitations.
Sec. 146. Analysis of moving target indicator requirements and Advanced 
              Battle Management System capabilities.
Sec. 147. Study on measures to assess cost-per-effect for key mission 
              areas.

[[Page H6160]]

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, 
              Navy, and Air Force.
Sec. 152. Transfer of responsibilities and functions relating to 
              electromagnetic spectrum operations.
Sec. 153. Cryptographic modernization schedules.
Sec. 154. Department of Defense participation in the Special Federal 
              Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 155. Integrated air and missile defense assessment.
Sec. 156. Joint strategy for air base defense against missile threats.
Sec. 157. Joint All Domain Command and Control requirements.
Sec. 158. Expansion of economic order quantity contracting authority 
              for F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 159. Documentation relating to the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 160. F-35 aircraft munitions.
Sec. 161. Redesign strategy for the Autonomic Logistics Information 
              System for the F-35 fighter aircraft.
Sec. 162. Briefings on software regression testing for F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 163. Prohibition on use of funds for the Armed Overwatch Program.
Sec. 164. Acceleration of development and fielding of counter unmanned 
              aircraft systems across the joint force.
Sec. 165. Airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
              acquisition roadmap for the United States Special 
              Operations Command.
Sec. 166. Prohibition on divestiture of manned intelligence, 
              surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated by 
              United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 167. Notification on efforts to replace inoperable ejection seat 
              aircraft locator beacons.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2021 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the 
     Marine Corps, the Air Force and the Space Force, and Defense-
     wide activities, as specified in the funding table in section 
     4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

     SEC. 111. MODIFICATIONS TO REQUIREMENT FOR AN INTERIM CRUISE 
                   MISSILE DEFENSE CAPABILITY.

       (a) Plan.--Not later than January 15, 2021, the Secretary 
     of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees the plan, including a timeline, to operationally 
     deploy or forward station the interim cruise missile defense 
     capability procured pursuant to section 112 of the John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1660) in an operational 
     theater or theaters.
       (b) Modification of Waiver.--Paragraph (4) of section 
     112(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (132 Stat. 1661) is amended to read 
     as follows:
       ``(4) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Army may waive the 
     deadlines specified in paragraph (1):
       ``(A) For the deadline specified in paragraph (1)(A), if 
     the Secretary determines that sufficient funds have not been 
     appropriated to enable the Secretary to meet such deadline.
       ``(B) For the deadline specified in paragraph (1)(B), if 
     the Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees 
     a certification that--
       ``(i) allocating resources toward procurement of an 
     integrated enduring capability would provide robust tiered 
     and layered protection to the joint force; or
       ``(ii) additional time is required to complete testing, 
     training, and preparation for operational capability.''.

     SEC. 112. REPORT AND LIMITATIONS ON ACQUISITION OF INTEGRATED 
                   VISUAL AUGMENTATION SYSTEM.

       (a) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than August 15, 2021, but after 
     completion of operational testing of the Integrated Visual 
     Augmentation System (IVAS), the Secretary of the Army shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the Integrated Visual Augmentation System.
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) The acquisition strategy for the Integrated Visual 
     Augmentation System, including an estimate of the average 
     production unit cost, a schedule for full-rate production, 
     and an identification of any hardware and software changes in 
     the System as a result of operational testing.
       (B) A description of the technology levels required for 
     full-rate production of the System.
       (C) A description of operational suitability and soldier 
     acceptability for the production-representative model System.
       (b) Assessment Required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     submittal of the report required by subsection (a), the 
     Director of Operational Test and Evaluation shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees an assessment of the 
     matters described pursuant to subparagraphs (B) and (C) of 
     subsection (a)(2).
       (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the funds authorized to 
     be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2021 for procurement of the Integrated Visual 
     Augmentation System, not more than 75 percent may be 
     obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary 
     submits to the congressional defense committees the report 
     required by subsection (a).

     SEC. 113. ASSESSMENT OF INVESTMENT AND SUSTAINMENT FOR 
                   PROCUREMENT OF CANNON TUBES.

       (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
     conduct an assessment of the development, production, 
     procurement, and modernization of the defense industrial base 
     for cannon and large caliber weapon tubes.
       (b) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     setting forth the assessment conducted under subsection (a).

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

     SEC. 121. LIMITATION ON ALTERATION OF THE NAVY FLEET MIX.

       (a) Limitation.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may not deviate 
     from the large surface combatant requirements included in the 
     2016 Navy Force Structure Assessment until the date on which 
     the Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees 
     the certification under paragraph (2) and the report under 
     subsection (b).
       (2) Certification.--The certification referred to in 
     paragraph (1) is a certification, in writing, that the Navy 
     can mitigate the reduction in multi-mission large surface 
     combatant requirements, including anti-air and ballistic 
     missile defense capabilities, due to having a reduced number 
     of DDG-51 Destroyers with the advanced AN/SPY-6 radar in the 
     next three decades.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     includes--
       (1) a description of likely detrimental impacts to the 
     large surface combatant industrial base, and a plan to 
     mitigate such impacts, if the fiscal year 2021 future-years 
     defense program is implemented as proposed;
       (2) a review of the benefits to the Navy fleet of the new 
     AN/SPY-6 radar to be deployed aboard Flight III variant DDG-
     51 Destroyers, which are currently under construction, as 
     well as an analysis of impacts to the warfighting 
     capabilities of the fleet should the number of such 
     destroyers be reduced; and
       (3) a plan to fully implement section 131 of the National 
     Defense Authorization for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-
     92; 133 Stat. 1237), including subsystem prototyping efforts 
     and funding by fiscal year.

     SEC. 122. LIMITATIONS ON NAVY MEDIUM AND LARGE UNMANNED 
                   SURFACE VESSELS.

       (a) Milestone B Approval Requirements.--Milestone B 
     approval may not be granted for a covered program unless such 
     program accomplishes prior to and incorporates into such 
     approval--
       (1) qualification by the Senior Technical Authority of--
       (A) at least one representative main propulsion system, 
     including the fuel and lube oil systems; and
       (B) at least one representative electrical generation and 
     distribution system;
       (2) final results of test programs of engineering 
     development models or prototypes showing that critical 
     systems designated pursuant to subparagraph (C) of section 
     8669b(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, are demonstrated 
     as required by subparagraph (I) of that section; and
       (3) a determination by the milestone decision authority of 
     the minimum number of vessels, discrete test events, 
     performance parameters to be tested, and schedule required to 
     complete initial operational test and evaluation and 
     demonstrate operational suitability and operational 
     effectiveness.
       (b) Qualification Requires Operational Demonstration.--The 
     qualification required in subsection (a)(1) shall include a 
     land-based operational demonstration of the systems concerned 
     in the vessel-representative form, fit, and function for not 
     less than 720 continuous hours without preventative 
     maintenance, corrective maintenance, emergent repair, or any 
     other form of repair or maintenance.
       (c) Use of Qualified Systems.--The Secretary of the Navy 
     shall require that covered programs use only main propulsion 
     systems and electrical generation and distribution systems 
     that are qualified under subsection (a)(1).
       (d) Limitation on Contract Award or Funding.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary may not award a detail 
     design or construction contract, or obligate funds from a 
     procurement account, for a covered program until such program 
     receives Milestone B approval and the milestone decision 
     authority notifies the congressional defense committees, in 
     writing, of the actions taken to comply with the requirements 
     under this section.
       (2) Exception.--The limitation in paragraph (1) does not 
     apply to advanced procurement for government-furnished 
     equipment.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Covered program.--The term ``covered program'' means a 
     program for--
       (A) medium unmanned surface vessels; or
       (B) large unmanned surface vessels.
       (2) Milestone b approval.--The term ``Milestone B 
     approval'' has the meaning given the term in section 
     2366(e)(7) of title 10, United States Code.
       (3) Milestone decision authority.--The term ``milestone 
     decision authority'' means the official within the Department 
     of Defense designated with the overall responsibility and 
     authority for acquisition decisions for an acquisition 
     program, including authority to approve entry of the program 
     into the next phase of the acquisition process.
       (4) Senior technical authority.--The term ``Senior 
     Technical Authority'' has the meaning provided for in section 
     8669b of title 10, United States Code.

[[Page H6161]]

  


     SEC. 123. FIGHTER FORCE STRUCTURE ACQUISITION STRATEGY.

       (a) Submittal of Strategy Required.--Not later than March 
     1, 2021, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a strategy for the Navy for 
     tactical fighter aircraft force structure acquisition that 
     aligns with the stated capability and capacity requirements 
     of the Department of the Navy to meet the National Defense 
     Strategy.
       (b) Limitation on Deviation From Strategy.--The Secretary 
     of the Navy may not deviate from the strategy submitted under 
     subsection (a) until--
       (1) the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
     Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, approves the 
     deviation, in writing; and
       (2) the Secretary of Defense provides the congressional 
     defense committees the approval of the deviation, together 
     with a justification for the deviation.

     SEC. 124. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITIES FOR CERTAIN AMPHIBIOUS 
                   SHIPBUILDING PROGRAMS.

       (a) Contract Authority.--
       (1) Procurement authorized.--In fiscal year 2021, the 
     Secretary of the Navy may enter into one or more contracts 
     for the procurement of three San Antonio-class amphibious 
     ships and one America-class amphibious ship.
       (2) Procurement in conjunction with existing contracts.--
     The ships authorized to be procured under paragraph (1) may 
     be procured as additions to existing contracts covering such 
     programs.
       (b) Certification Required.--A contract may not be entered 
     into under subsection (a) unless the Secretary of the Navy 
     certifies to the congressional defense committees, in 
     writing, not later than 30 days before entry into the 
     contract, each of the following, which shall be prepared by 
     the milestone decision authority for such programs:
       (1) The use of such a contract is consistent with the 
     projected force structure requirements of the Department of 
     the Navy for amphibious ships.
       (2) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
     savings compared to the total anticipated costs of carrying 
     out the program through annual contracts. In certifying cost 
     savings under the preceding sentence, the Secretary shall 
     include a written explanation of--
       (A) the estimated end cost and appropriated funds by fiscal 
     year, by hull, without the authority provided in subsection 
     (a);
       (B) the estimated end cost and appropriated funds by fiscal 
     year, by hull, with the authority provided in subsection (a);
       (C) the estimated cost savings or increase by fiscal year, 
     by hull, with the authority provided in subsection (a);
       (D) the discrete actions that will accomplish such cost 
     savings or avoidance; and
       (E) the contractual actions that will ensure the estimated 
     cost savings are realized.
       (3) There is a reasonable expectation that throughout the 
     contemplated contract period the Secretary will request 
     funding for the contract at the level required to avoid 
     contract cancellation.
       (4) There is a stable design for the property to be 
     acquired and the technical risks associated with such 
     property are not excessive.
       (5) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
     anticipated cost avoidance through the use of a contract 
     authorized under subsection (a) are realistic.
       (6) The use of such a contract will promote the national 
     security of the United States.
       (7) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
     awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the 
     contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
     program (as defined under section 221 of title 10, United 
     States Code) for such fiscal year will include the funding 
     required to execute the program without cancellation.
       (c) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of 
     the Navy may enter into one or more contracts for advance 
     procurement associated with a vessel or vessels for which 
     authorization to enter into a contract is provided under 
     subsection (a), and for systems and subsystems associated 
     with such vessels in economic order quantities when cost 
     savings are achievable.
       (d) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year is subject to the availability of 
     appropriations for that purpose for such fiscal year.
       (e) Milestone Decision Authority Defined.--In this section. 
     the term ``milestone decision authority'' has the meaning 
     given the term in section 2366a(d) of title 10, United States 
     Code.

     SEC. 125. LAND-BASED TEST PROGRAM FOR THE FFG(X) FRIGATE 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Test Program for Engineering Plant Required.--Prior to 
     the delivery date of the lead ship in the FFG(X) Frigate 
     class of vessels, the Secretary of the Navy shall commence a 
     land-based test program for the engineering plant of such 
     class of vessels.
       (b) Administration.--The test program required by 
     subsection (a) shall be administered by the Senior Technical 
     Authority for the FFG(X) Frigate class of vessels.
       (c) Elements.--The test program required by subsection (a) 
     shall include, at a minimum, testing of the following 
     equipment in vessel-representative form:
       (1) Main Reduction Gear.
       (2) Electrical Propulsion Motors.
       (3) Other propulsion drive train components.
       (4) Main propulsion system.
       (5) Auxiliary propulsion unit.
       (6) Electrical generation system,
       (7) Shipboard control systems.
       (8) Power control modules,
       (d) Test Objectives.--The test program required by 
     subsection (a) shall include, at a minimum, the following 
     test objectives demonstrated across the full range of 
     engineering plant operations for the FFG(X) Frigate class of 
     vessels:
       (1) Test of the full propulsion drive train.
       (2) Test and facilitation of machinery control systems 
     integration.
       (3) Simulation of the full range of electrical demands to 
     enable the investigation of load dynamics between the Hull, 
     Mechanical and Electrical equipment, Combat System, and 
     auxiliary equipment.
       (e) Completion Date.--The Secretary shall complete the test 
     program required by subsection (a) by not later than the date 
     on which the lead ship in the FFG(X) Frigate class of vessels 
     is scheduled to be available for tasking by operational 
     military commanders.
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Delivery date.--The term ``delivery date'' has the 
     meaning provided for in section 8671 of title 10, United 
     States Code.
       (2) Senior technical authority.--The term ``Senior 
     Technical Authority'' has the meaning provided for in section 
     8669b of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 126. TREATMENT IN FUTURE BUDGETS OF THE PRESIDENT OF 
                   SYSTEMS ADDED BY CONGRESS.

       In the event the procurement quantity for a system 
     authorized by Congress in a National Defense Authorization 
     Act for a fiscal year, and for which funds for such 
     procurement quantity are appropriated by Congress in the 
     Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy account for such fiscal 
     year, exceeds the procurement quantity specified in the 
     budget of the President, as submitted to Congress under 
     section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, for such fiscal 
     year, such excess procurement quantity shall not be specified 
     as a new procurement quantity in any budget of the President, 
     as so submitted, for any fiscal year after such fiscal year.

     SEC. 127. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS 
                   FOR NAVY WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

       Section 130(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     132 Stat. 1665), as amended by section 126 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
     116-92; 133 Stat. 1235), is further amended by striking ``for 
     fiscal year 2019 or fiscal year 2020'' and inserting ``for 
     fiscal years 2019, 2020, or 2021''.

     SEC. 128. REPORT ON STRATEGY TO USE ALQ-249 NEXT GENERATION 
                   JAMMER TO ENSURE FULL SPECTRUM ELECTROMAGNETIC 
                   SUPERIORITY.

       (a) Report.--Not later than July 30, 2021, the Secretary of 
     the Navy, in consultation with the Vice Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs, shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report with a strategy to ensure full spectrum 
     electromagnetic superiority using the ALQ-249 Next Generation 
     Jammer.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following elements:
       (1) A description of the current procurement strategy for 
     the ALQ-249, and the analysis of its capability to meet the 
     radio frequency (RF) ranges required in highly contested and 
     denied environment conflicts.
       (2) An assessment of the compatibility and ability of the 
     ALQ-249 to synchronize non-kinetic fires using other Joint 
     Electronic Warfare (EW) platforms.
       (3) A future model of an interlinked/interdependent 
     electronic warfare menu of options for commanders at 
     tactical, operational, and strategic levels.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

     SEC. 131. MINIMUM OPERATIONAL SQUADRON LEVEL.

       (a) Policy on Air Force Aviation Force Structure.--As soon 
     as practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act 
     and subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall seek to achieve the 
     capabilities provided by a minimum of 386 available 
     operational squadrons, or equivalent organizational units. In 
     addition, the Secretary shall seek to achieve not fewer than 
     3,580 combat coded aircraft within the Air Force.
       (b) Exception to Policy.--If, based on the fielding of new 
     capabilities and formal force structure capability 
     assessments supporting the most recent National Defense 
     Strategy, the Secretary of the Air Force, in consultation 
     with the Chief of Staff of the Air Force and the Chairman of 
     the Joint Chiefs of Staff, makes a determination that a 
     modification to the quantity of operational squadrons or 
     combat-coded aircraft in subsection (a) is necessary, the 
     Secretary shall submit a report at the earliest opportunity 
     to the congressional defense committees describing the 
     modifications of the revised force structure and how the 
     quantity of combat coded aircraft and operational squadrons 
     developed supports a moderate operational risk force 
     structure in support of the National Defense Strategy.
       (c) Expiration of Policy.--The policy in subsection (a) 
     shall expire on September 30, 2025.
       (d) Moderate Operational Risk Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``moderate operational risk'' shall be construed as 
     defined in the most recent publication of the Chairman of the 
     Joint Chiefs of Staff Manual 3105.01 titled ``Joint Risk 
     Analysis''.

     SEC. 132. MODIFICATION OF FORCE STRUCTURE OBJECTIVES FOR 
                   BOMBER AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Minimum Level for All Bomber Aircraft.--
       (1) In general.--During the period beginning on the date of 
     the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2025, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall, except as provided in 
     paragraph (2), maintain not less than 92 bomber aircraft 
     based on the Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory (PMAI) of the 
     Air Force.

[[Page H6162]]

       (2) Exception.--The Secretary may reduce the number of 
     aircraft required by the Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory 
     below the number specified in paragraph (1) if the Secretary 
     determines, on a case-by-case basis, that a bomber aircraft 
     is no longer to be so required because such aircraft is no 
     longer mission capable due to mishap or other damage, or 
     being uneconomical to repair.
       (b) Repeal of Minimum B-1 Inventory Requirement.--Section 
     9062 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     subsection (h).
       (c) Preservation of Certain B-1 Aircraft and Maintenance 
     Personnel.--Until the date on which the Secretary determines 
     that the B-21 bomber aircraft has attained initial operating 
     capability, the Secretary--
       (1) shall preserve four B-1 aircraft that are retired 
     pursuant to subsection (a), in a manner that ensures the 
     components and parts of each such aircraft are maintained in 
     reclaimable condition that is consistent with type 2000 
     recallable storage, or better; and
       (2) may not reduce the number of billets assigned to 
     maintenance of B-1 aircraft in effect on January 1, 2020.

     SEC. 133. MINIMUM BOMBER AIRCRAFT FORCE LEVEL.

       (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report with recommendations for the 
     bomber aircraft force structure that enables the Air Force to 
     meet the requirements of its long-range strike mission under 
     the National Defense Strategy.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include each of the following elements:
       (1) The bomber force structure necessary to meet the 
     requirements of the long-range strike mission of the Air 
     Force under the National Defense Strategy, including--
       (A) the total minimum number of bomber aircraft; and
       (B) the minimum number of primary mission aircraft.
       (2) The penetrating bomber force structure necessary to 
     meet the requirements of the long-range strike mission of the 
     Air Force in contested or denied environments under the 
     National Defense Strategy, including--
       (A) the total minimum number of penetrating bomber 
     aircraft; and
       (B) the minimum number of primary mission penetrating 
     bomber aircraft.
       (3) A roadmap outlining how the Air Force plans to reach 
     the force structure identified under paragraphs (1) and (2), 
     including an established goal date for achieving the minimum 
     number of bomber aircraft.
       (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (d) Publication.--The Secretary shall make available to the 
     public the unclassified form of the report submitted under 
     subsection (a).
       (e) Bomber Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``bomber aircraft'' includes penetrating bombers in addition 
     to B-52H aircraft.

     SEC. 134. REQUIRED MINIMUM INVENTORY OF TACTICAL AIRLIFT 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
     maintain--
       (1) a total primary mission aircraft inventory of 230 
     aircraft; and
       (2) a total tactical airlift aircraft inventory of not less 
     than 287 aircraft.
       (b) Exception.--The Secretary of the Air Force may reduce 
     the number of C-130 aircraft in the Air Force below the 
     minimum number specified in subsection (a) if the Secretary 
     of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, that an 
     aircraft is no longer mission capable because of a mishap or 
     other damage.
       (c) Savings Clause.--During fiscal year 2021, the Secretary 
     of the Air Force is prohibited from reducing the total 
     tactical airlift aircraft inventory entirely from the 
     National Guard.
       (d) Sunset.--This section shall not apply after October 1, 
     2021.

     SEC. 135. INVENTORY REQUIREMENTS FOR AIR REFUELING TANKER 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) In General.--During the period beginning on the date of 
     the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2025, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain not less than 412 
     tanker aircraft based on Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory 
     (PMAI) of the Air Force.
       (b) Minimum Inventory Requirements for KC-10A Aircraft.--
     Except as provided in subsection (e)(1):
       (1) Fiscal year 2021.--During the period beginning on the 
     date of the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 
     2021, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum 
     of 50 KC-10A aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft 
     inventory.
       (2) Fiscal year 2022.--During the period beginning on 
     October 1, 2021, and ending on October 1, 2022, the Secretary 
     of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 38 KC-10A 
     aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.
       (3) Fiscal year 2023.--During the period beginning on 
     October 1, 2022, and ending on October 1, 2023, the Secretary 
     of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 26 KC-10A 
     aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.
       (c) Prohibition on Retirement of KC-135 Aircraft.--Except 
     as provided in subsection (e), during the period beginning on 
     the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on October 
     1, 2023, the Secretary of the Air Force may not retire, or 
     prepare to retire, any KC-135 aircraft.
       (d) KC-135 Aircraft Fleet Management.--None of the funds 
     authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
     available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air Force may be 
     obligated or expended to reduce the number of KC-135 aircraft 
     designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.
       (e) Exceptions.--
       (1) KC-10A aircraft.--The requirement in subsection (b) 
     shall not apply to an aircraft otherwise required to be 
     maintained by that subsection if the the Secretary of the Air 
     Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, that such aircraft 
     is no longer mission capable due to mishap or other damage, 
     or being uneconomical to repair.
       (2) KC-135 aircraft.--The requirement in subsection (c) 
     shall not apply to an aircraft otherwise required to be 
     maintained by that subsection if the Secretary of the Air 
     Force--
       (A) at any time during the period beginning on the date of 
     the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2023, 
     determines, on a case-by-case basis, that such aircraft is no 
     longer mission capable due to mishap or other damage, or 
     being uneconomical to repair; or
       (B) during fiscal year 2023, certifies in writing to the 
     congressional defense committees, not later than 30 days 
     before the date of divestment of such aircraft, that the Air 
     Force can meet combatant command tanker aircraft requirements 
     by leveraging Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve 
     capacity with increased Military Personnel Appropriation 
     (MPA) Man-day Tours to the reserve force.
       (f) Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``primary mission aircraft inventory'' has 
     the meaning given that term in section 9062(i)(2)(B) of title 
     10, United States Code.

     SEC. 136. AUTHORITY TO USE F-35A FIGHTER AIRCRAFT AT-1 
                   THROUGH AT-6.

       (a) In General.--Subject to written approval by the 
     Secretary of Defense to the Secretary of the Air Force, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force is authorized to utilize, modify, 
     and operate the six F-35A aircraft designated as AT-1 through 
     AT-6 that are possessed by the United Government and 
     currently reside in long-term storage at Edwards Air Force 
     Base, California.
       (b) Notice on Approval.--Not later than 15 days after the 
     Secretary of Defense provides written approval to the 
     Secretary of the Air Force as described in subsection (a), 
     the Secretary of Defense shall provide a copy of the written 
     approval to the congressional defense committees.

     SEC. 137. F-35 AIRCRAFT GUN SYSTEM AMMUNITION.

       The Director of the F-35 Joint Program Office shall, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of the Air Force, take 
     appropriate actions to ensure that any 25mm ammunition 
     fielded for use by F-35A aircraft--
       (1) provides effective full-spectrum target engagement 
     capability; and
       (2) meets the required operational employment probability 
     of kill specifications for the F-35A aircraft.

     SEC. 138. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS 
                   FOR RETIREMENT OF RC-135 AIRCRAFT.

       Section 148(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1243) is 
     amended by inserting ``, or for fiscal year 2021,'' after 
     ``for fiscal year 2020''.

     SEC. 139. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF U-2 AND 
                   RQ-4 AIRCRAFT.

       Section 136 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1317) is 
     amended by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
     following new subsection (b):
       ``(b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive a 
     certification requirement under paragraphs (1) or (2) of 
     subsection (a) with respect to U-2 aircraft or RQ-4 aircraft 
     if the Secretary--
       ``(1) with respect to the requirement under paragraph (1) 
     of that subsection--
       ``(A) determines, after analyzing sufficient and relevant 
     data, that a greater capability is worth increased operating 
     and sustainment costs; and
       ``(B) provides to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
     certification on such determination and supporting analysis; 
     and
       ``(2) with respect to the requirement under paragraph (2) 
     of that subsection--
       ``(A) determines, after analyzing sufficient and relevant 
     data, that a loss in capacity and capability will not prevent 
     the combatant commands from accomplishing their missions at 
     acceptable levels of risk; and
       ``(B) provides to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
     certification of such determination and supporting 
     analysis.''.

     SEC. 140. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS 
                   FOR RETIREMENT OF E-8 JSTARS AIRCRAFT.

       Section 147 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     132 Stat. 1669) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``certifies to the 
     congressional defense committees that Increment 2 of the 
     Advanced Battle-Management System of the Air Force has 
     declared initial operational capability as defined in the 
     Capability Development Document for the System'' and 
     inserting ``certifies to the congressional defense committees 
     that--
       ``(1) the Secretary has identified--
       ``(A) a capability with sufficient capacity to replace the 
     current fleet of 16 E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack 
     Radar System aircraft in a manner that meets global combatant 
     command requirements; and
       ``(B) potential global basing locations for such 
     capability; and
       ``(2) such replacement capability delivers capabilities 
     that are comparable or superior to the capabilities delivered 
     by such aircraft.''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Increment 1, 2, and 
     3''; and
       (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``until Increment 2 of 
     the Advanced Battle-Management

[[Page H6163]]

     System declares initial operational capability'' and 
     inserting ``until the Advanced Battle Management System 
     delivers equivalent capability''.

     SEC. 141. LIMITATION ON DIVESTMENT OF F-15C AIRCRAFT WITHIN 
                   THE EUROPEAN THEATER.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not 
     divest any F-15C aircraft within the area of responsibility 
     of the United States European Command until 180 days after 
     the report required by subsection (b) is submitted to the 
     congressional defense committees.
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the 
     Commander of the United States European Command shall, in 
     consultation with the Commander of United States Air Forces 
     Europe, submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     report that describes the strategy, force structure construct 
     and capacity, and strategy implementation plan to replace the 
     capability and capacity provided by the F-15C aircraft in the 
     area of responsibility of the United States European Command 
     in a manner that maintains an inherent and equal or better 
     air superiority capability and capacity to that provided by 
     the F-15C aircraft in that area of responsibility.
       (2) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) shall submitted 
     in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.

     SEC. 142. MODERNIZATION PLAN FOR AIRBORNE INTELLIGENCE, 
                   SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE.

       (a) Modernization Plan.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
     develop a comprehensive plan for the modernization of 
     airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, 
     which shall--
       (A) ensure the alignment between requirements, both current 
     and future, and Air Force budget submissions to meet such 
     requirements; and
       (B) inform the preparation of future defense program and 
     budget requests by the Secretary, and the consideration of 
     such requests by Congress.
       (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) An assessment of all airborne intelligence, 
     surveillance, and reconnaissance missions, both current 
     missions and future missions anticipated to be necessary to 
     support the national defense strategy.
       (B) An analysis of platforms, capabilities, and capacities 
     necessary to fulfill such current and future missions.
       (C) The anticipated life-cycle budget associated with each 
     platform, capability, and capacity requirement for both 
     current and anticipated future requirements.
       (D) An analysis showing operational, budget, and schedule 
     trade-offs between sustainment of currently fielded 
     capabilities, modernization of currently fielded 
     capabilities, and development and production of new 
     capabilities.
       (b) Report to Congress.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than March 30, 2021, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report that includes--
       (A) the comprehensive modernization plan required by 
     subsection (a); and
       (B) a strategy for carrying out such plan through fiscal 
     year 2030.
       (2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 143. RC-26B MANNED INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND 
                   RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air 
     Force may be obligated or expended to retire, divest, 
     realign, or place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory 
     status, or prepare to retire, divest, realign, or place in 
     storage or on backup aircraft inventory status, any RC-26B 
     aircraft.
       (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
     apply to individual RC-26B aircraft that the Secretary of the 
     Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no 
     longer mission capable because of mishap or other damage.
       (c) Funding for Aircraft Platform.--
       (1) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2021 by section 301 for operation and maintenance and 
     available for operation and maintenance, Air National Guard, 
     as specified in the funding table in section 4301, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force may transfer up to $18,500,000 to 
     be used in support of the RC-26B manned intelligence, 
     surveillance, and reconnaissance platform.
       (2) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2021 by section 421 and available for military personnel 
     for military personnel, Air National Guard, specified in the 
     funding table in section 4401, the Secretary of the Air Force 
     may transfer up to $13,000,000 to be used in support of 
     personnel who operate and maintain the RC-26B manned 
     intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platform.
       (d) Memoranda of Agreement.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of law, the Secretary of Defense may enter into one 
     or more memoranda of agreement or cost sharing agreements 
     with other departments and agencies of the Federal Government 
     under which the RC-26B aircraft may be used to assist with 
     the missions and activities of such departments and agencies.

     SEC. 144. PROHIBITION ON FUNDING FOR CLOSE AIR SUPPORT 
                   INTEGRATION GROUP.

       No funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be 
     obligated or expended for the Close Air Support Integration 
     Group (CIG) or its subordinate units at Nellis Air Force 
     Base, Nevada, and the Air Force may not utilize personnel or 
     equipment in support of the CIG or its subordinate units.

     SEC. 145. REQUIRED SOLUTION FOR KC-46 AIRCRAFT REMOTE VISUAL 
                   SYSTEM LIMITATIONS.

       The Secretary of the Air Force shall develop and implement 
     a complete, permanent solution to the KC-46 aircraft remote 
     visual system (RVS) operational limitations. Not later than 
     February 1, 2021, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees an implementation strategy 
     for the solution.

     SEC. 146. ANALYSIS OF MOVING TARGET INDICATOR REQUIREMENTS 
                   AND ADVANCED BATTLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM 
                   CAPABILITIES.

       (a) Analysis.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Secretary 
     of the Air Force, in consultation with the commanders of the 
     combatant commands, shall develop an analysis of current and 
     future moving target indicator requirements across the 
     combatant commands and operational and tactical level command 
     and control capabilities the Advanced Battle Management 
     System (ABMS) will require when fielded.
       (b) JROC Requirements.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the Secretary 
     of the Air Force develops the analysis under subsection (a), 
     the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) shall certify 
     that requirements for the Advanced Battle Management System 
     incorporate the findings of the analysis.
       (2) Congressional notification.--The Joint Requirements 
     Oversight Council shall notify the congressional defense 
     committees upon making the certification required under 
     paragraph (1), and provide a briefing on the requirements and 
     findings described in such paragraph not later than 30 days 
     after such notification.

     SEC. 147. STUDY ON MEASURES TO ASSESS COST-PER-EFFECT FOR KEY 
                   MISSION AREAS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall provide for the performance 
     of an independent study designed to devise new measures to 
     assess cost-per-effect for key mission areas of the Air 
     Force. The study shall be conducted by a Federally funded 
     research and development center selected by the Secretary for 
     purposes of the study.
       (b) Scope.--The study conducted pursuant to subsection (a) 
     shall address the following matters:
       (1) Number of weapon systems required to meet a specified 
     mission goal.
       (2) Number of personnel required to meet a specified 
     mission goal.
       (3) Associated operation and maintenance costs necessary to 
     facilitate respective operational constructs.
       (4) Basing requirements for respective force constructs.
       (5) Mission support elements required to facilitate 
     specified operations.
       (6) Defensive measures required to facilitate viable 
     mission operations.
       (7) Attrition due to enemy countermeasures and other loss 
     factors associated with respective technologies.
       (8) Associated weapon effects costs compared to alternative 
     forms of power projection.
       (c) Implementation of Measures.--The Secretary shall, as 
     the Secretary considers appropriate, incorporate the findings 
     of the study conducted pursuant to subsection (a) into the 
     future force development processes of the Air Force. The 
     measures--
       (1) should be domain and platform agnostic;
       (2) should focus on how best to achieve mission goals in 
     future operations; and
       (3) shall consider including cost-per-effect metrics as a 
     key performance parameter for any Air Force acquisition 
     programs that enter the Joint Capabilities Integration and 
     Development System (JCIDS) requirements process of the 
     Department of Defense.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

     SEC. 151. BUDGETING FOR LIFE-CYCLE COSTS OF AIRCRAFT FOR THE 
                   ARMY, NAVY, AND AIR FORCE.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting after section 231 the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 231a. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for 
       the Army, Navy, and Air Force: annual plan and 
       certification

       ``(a) Annual Aircraft Procurement Plan and Certification.--
     Not later than 30 days after the date on which the President 
     submits to Congress the budget for a fiscal year, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees the following:
       ``(1) A plan for the procurement of the aircraft specified 
     in subsection (b) for each of the Department of the Army, the 
     Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force 
     developed in accordance with this section.
       ``(2) A certification by the Secretary that both the budget 
     for such fiscal year and the future-years defense program 
     submitted to Congress in relation to such budget under 
     section 221 of this title provide for funding of the 
     procurement of aircraft at a level that is sufficient for the 
     procurement of the aircraft provided for in the plan under 
     paragraph (1) on the schedule provided in the plan.
       ``(b) Covered Aircraft.--The aircraft specified in this 
     subsection are the aircraft as follows:
       ``(1) Fighter aircraft.
       ``(2) Attack aircraft.
       ``(3) Bomber aircraft.
       ``(4) Intertheater lift aircraft.
       ``(5) Intratheater lift aircraft.
       ``(6) Intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
     aircraft.
       ``(7) Tanker aircraft.
       ``(8) Remotely piloted aircraft.
       ``(9) Rotary-wing aircraft.
       ``(10) Operational support and executive lift aircraft.

[[Page H6164]]

       ``(11) Any other major support aircraft designated by the 
     Secretary of Defense for purposes of this section.
       ``(c) Annual Aircraft Procurement Plan.--(1) The annual 
     aircraft procurement plan developed for a fiscal year for 
     purposes of subsection (a) should be designed so that the 
     aviation force provided for under the plan is capable of 
     supporting the national military strategy of the United 
     States as set forth in the most recent National Defense 
     Strategy submitted under section 113(g) of this title and the 
     most recent National Military Strategy submitted under 
     section 153(b) of this title.
       ``(2) Each annual aircraft procurement plan shall include 
     the following:
       ``(A) A detailed program for the procurement of the 
     aircraft specified in subsection (b) for each of the 
     Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the 
     Department of the Air Force over the next 15 fiscal years.
       ``(B) A description of the aviation force structure 
     necessary to meet the requirements of the national military 
     strategy of the United States.
       ``(C) The estimated levels of annual investment funding 
     necessary to carry out each aircraft program, together with a 
     discussion of the procurement strategies on which such 
     estimated levels of annual investment funding are based, set 
     forth in aggregate for the Department of Defense and in 
     aggregate for each military department.
       ``(D) The estimated level of annual funding necessary to 
     operate, maintain, sustain, and support each aircraft program 
     throughout the life-cycle of the program, set forth in 
     aggregate for the Department of Defense and in aggregate for 
     each military department.
       ``(E) For each of the cost estimates required by 
     subparagraphs (C) and (D)--
       ``(i) a description of whether the cost estimate is derived 
     from the cost estimate position of the military department 
     concerned or from the cost estimate position of the Office of 
     Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation;
       ``(ii) if the cost estimate position of the military 
     department and the cost estimate position of the Office of 
     Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation differ by more than 5 
     percent for any aircraft program, an annotated cost estimate 
     difference and sufficient rationale to explain the 
     difference;
       ``(iii) the confidence or certainty level associated with 
     the cost estimate for each aircraft program; and
       ``(iv) a certification that the calculations from which the 
     cost estimate is derived are based on common cost categories 
     used by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment for calculating the life-cycle cost of an 
     aircraft program.
       ``(F) An assessment by the Secretary of Defense of the 
     extent to which the combined aircraft forces of the 
     Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the 
     Department of the Air Force meet the national security 
     requirements of the United States.
       ``(3) For any cost estimate required by subparagraph (C) or 
     (D) of paragraph (2) for any aircraft program for which the 
     Secretary is required to include in a report under section 
     2432 of this title, the source of the cost information used 
     to prepare the annual aircraft plan shall be derived from the 
     Selected Acquisition Report data that the Secretary plans to 
     submit to the congressional defense committees in accordance 
     with subsection (f) of that section for the year for which 
     the annual aircraft procurement plan is prepared.
       ``(4) Each annual aircraft procurement plan shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, and shall contain a 
     classified annex. A summary version of the unclassified 
     report shall be made available to the public.
       ``(d) Assessment When Aircraft Procurement Budget Is 
     Insufficient to Meet Applicable Requirements.--If the budget 
     for any fiscal year provides for funding of the procurement 
     of aircraft for the Department of the Army, the Department of 
     the Navy, or the Department of the Air Force at a level that 
     is not sufficient to sustain the aviation force structure 
     specified in the aircraft procurement plan for such 
     Department for that fiscal year under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall include with the defense budget materials for 
     that fiscal year an assessment that describes the funding 
     shortfall and discusses the risks associated with the reduced 
     force structure of aircraft that will result from funding 
     aircraft procurement at such level. The assessment shall be 
     coordinated in advance with the commanders of the combatant 
     commands.
       ``(e) Annual Report on Aircraft Inventory.--(1) As part of 
     the annual plan and certification required to be submitted 
     under this section, the Secretary shall include a report on 
     the aircraft in the inventory of the Department of Defense.
       ``(2) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
     following, for the year covered by such report, the 
     following:
       ``(A) The total number of aircraft in the inventory.
       ``(B) The total number of the aircraft in the inventory 
     that are active, stated in the following categories (with 
     appropriate subcategories for mission aircraft, training 
     aircraft, dedicated test aircraft, and other aircraft):
       ``(i) Primary aircraft.
       ``(ii) Backup aircraft.
       ``(iii) Attrition and reconstitution reserve aircraft.
       ``(C) The total number of the aircraft in the inventory 
     that are inactive, stated in the following categories:
       ``(i) Bailment aircraft.
       ``(ii) Drone aircraft.
       ``(iii) Aircraft for sale or other transfer to foreign 
     governments.
       ``(iv) Leased or loaned aircraft.
       ``(v) Aircraft for maintenance training.
       ``(vi) Aircraft for reclamation.
       ``(vii) Aircraft in storage.
       ``(D) The aircraft inventory requirements approved by the 
     Joint Chiefs of Staff.
       ``(3) Each report under paragraph (1) shall set forth each 
     item specified in paragraph (2) separately for the regular 
     component of each armed force and for each reserve component 
     of each armed force and, for each such component, shall set 
     forth each type, model, and series of aircraft provided for 
     in the future-years defense program that covers the fiscal 
     year for which the budget accompanying the plan, 
     certification and report is submitted.
       ``(f) Budget Defined.--In this section, the term `budget' 
     means the budget of the President for a fiscal year as 
     submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 
     31.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 9 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 231 the following new 
     item:
``231a. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, Navy, 
              and Air Force: annual plan and certification.''.

     SEC. 152. TRANSFER OF RESPONSIBILITIES AND FUNCTIONS RELATING 
                   TO ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM OPERATIONS.

       (a) Transfer.--Not later than two years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act and in accordance with the plan 
     developed pursuant to subsection (b), the Secretary of 
     Defense shall transfer to an appropriate entity within the 
     Department of Defense all the responsibilities and functions 
     of the Commander of the United States Strategic Command that 
     are germane to electromagnetic spectrum operations (EMSO), 
     including--
       (1) advocacy for joint electronic warfare capabilities;
       (2) providing contingency electronic warfare support to 
     other combatant commands; and
       (3) supporting combatant command joint training and 
     planning related to electromagnetic spectrum operations.
       (b) Plan for Transfer of Responsibilities.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days before the date of 
     the transfer of responsibilities required by subsection (a), 
     the Secretary shall develop a plan to carry out the transfer.
       (2) Considerations.--In developing the plan required by 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider the following:
       (A) All appropriate entities having potential for 
     designation as the receiving electromagnetic spectrum 
     operations organization, including elements of the Joint 
     Staff, the functional and geographic combatant commands, 
     Department of Defense offices and agencies, and other 
     organizations, including the establishment of a new entity 
     for that purpose within any such entity.
       (B) Whether the receiving electromagnetic spectrum 
     operations organization should have a unitary structure or 
     hybrid structure (in which operational and capability 
     development and direction are headed by separate 
     organizations).
       (C) The resources required by the receiving electromagnetic 
     spectrum operations organization to fulfill the 
     responsibilities and functions specified in subsection (a).
       (D) The results of the evaluations carried out pursuant to 
     subsections (c) and (d).
       (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than 180 days before 
     the date of the transfer of responsibilities required by 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to Congress the 
     following:
       (A) The plan developed under paragraph (1).
       (B) The construct and elements of the receiving 
     electromagnetic spectrum operations organization under the 
     plan, including the allocation of responsibilities among 
     senior officials in such organization.
       (C) The analysis conducted to determine the electromagnetic 
     spectrum operations organization, including the input in the 
     plan or analysis of the results of consultation with any 
     independent entities involved in development of the plan.
       (D) The resources required to implement the plan, and a 
     timeline for the receiving electromagnetic spectrum 
     operations organization to reach initial operational 
     capability and full operational capability.
       (c) Evaluations of Armed Forces.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than October 1, 2021, and 
     annually thereafter through 2025, the Chief of Staff of the 
     Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of 
     the Air Force, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the 
     Chief of Space Operations shall each carry out an evaluation 
     of the ability of the Armed Force concerned to perform 
     electromagnetic spectrum operations missions required by each 
     of the following:
       (A) The Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority Strategy.
       (B) The Joint Staff-developed concept of operations for 
     electromagnetic spectrum operations.
       (C) The operations and contingency plans of the combatant 
     commands.
       (2) Elements.--Each evaluation under paragraph (1) shall 
     include assessment of the following:
       (A) Current programs of record, including--
       (i) the ability of weapon systems to perform missions in 
     contested electromagnetic spectrum environments; and
       (ii) the ability of electronic warfare capabilities to 
     disrupt adversary operations.
       (B) Future programs of record, including--
       (i) the need for distributed or network-centric electronic 
     warfare and signals intelligence capabilities; and
       (ii) the need for automated and machine learning- or 
     artificial intelligence-assisted electronic warfare 
     capabilities.
       (C) Order of battle.
       (D) Individual and unit training.
       (E) Tactics, techniques, and procedures, including--
       (i) maneuver, distribution of assets, and the use of 
     decoys; and

[[Page H6165]]

       (ii) integration of nonkinetic and kinetic fires.
       (d) Evaluations of Combatant Commands.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than October 1, 2021, and 
     annually thereafter through 2025, the Commander of the United 
     States European Command, the Commander of the United States 
     Pacific Command, and the Commander of the United States 
     Central Command shall each carry out an evaluation of the 
     plans and posture of the command concerned to execute the 
     electromagnetic spectrum operations envisioned in each of the 
     following:
       (A) The Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority Strategy.
       (B) The Joint Staff-developed concept of operations for 
     electromagnetic spectrum operations.
       (2) Elements.--Each evaluation under paragraph (1) shall 
     include assessment of the following:
       (A) Operation and contingency plans.
       (B) The manning, organizational alignment, and capability 
     of joint electromagnetic spectrum operations cells.
       (C) Mission rehearsal and exercises.
       (D) Force positioning, posture, and readiness.
       (e) Semiannual Briefing.--Not less frequently than twice 
     each year until January 1, 2026, the Vice Chairman of the 
     Joint Chiefs of Staff shall brief the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives on 
     the implementation of this section by each of the Joint 
     Staff, the Armed Forces, and the combatant commands.

     SEC. 153. CRYPTOGRAPHIC MODERNIZATION SCHEDULES.

       (a) Cryptographic Modernization Schedules Required.--Each 
     of the Secretaries of the military departments and the heads 
     of relevant Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field 
     Activities shall establish and maintain a cryptographic 
     modernization schedule that specifies, for each pertinent 
     weapon system, command and control system, or data link under 
     the jurisdiction of such Secretary or head, including those 
     that use commercial encryption technologies (as relevant), 
     the following:
       (1) The last year of use for applicable cryptographic 
     algorithms.
       (2) Anticipated key extension requests for systems where 
     cryptographic modernization is assessed to be overly 
     burdensome and expensive or to provide limited operational 
     utility.
       (3) The funding and deployment schedule for modernized 
     cryptographic algorithms, keys, and equipment over the 
     future-years defense program submitted to Congress pursuant 
     to section 221 of title 10, United States Code, in 2021 
     together with the budget of the President for fiscal year 
     2022.
       (b) Requirements for Chief Information Officer.--The Chief 
     Information Officer of the Department of Defense shall--
       (1) oversee the construction and implementation of the 
     cryptographic modernization schedules required by subsection 
     (a);
       (2) establish and maintain an integrated cryptographic 
     modernization schedule for the entire Department of Defense, 
     collating the cryptographic modernization schedules required 
     under subsection (a); and
       (3) in coordination with the Director of the National 
     Security Agency and the Joint Staff Director for Command, 
     Control, Communications, and Computers/Cyber, use the budget 
     certification, standard-setting, and policy-making 
     authorities provided in section 142 of title 10, United 
     States Code, to amend Armed Force and Defense Agency and 
     Field Activity plans for key extension requests and 
     cryptographic modernization funding and deployment that pose 
     unacceptable risk to military operations.
       (c) Annual Notices.--Not later than January 1, 2022, and 
     not less frequently than once each year thereafter until 
     January 1, 2026, the Chief Information Officer and the Joint 
     Staff Director shall jointly submit to the congressional 
     defense committees notification of all--
       (1) delays to or planned delays of Armed Force and Defense 
     Agency and Field Activity funding and deployment of 
     modernized cryptographic algorithms, keys, and equipment over 
     the previous year; and
       (2) changes in plans or schedules surrounding key extension 
     requests and waivers, including--
       (A) unscheduled or unanticipated key extension requests; 
     and
       (B) unscheduled or unanticipated waivers and nonwaivers of 
     scheduled or anticipated key extension requests.

     SEC. 154. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PARTICIPATION IN THE SPECIAL 
                   FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATION WORKING GROUP.

       (a) Designation of DoD Representatives.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall designate the Department of Defense 
     representatives to the Special Federal Aviation Regulation 
     Working Group.
       (b) Limitation on Availability of Funds for OSD.--Of the 
     aggregate amount authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     for fiscal year 2021 and available for the Office of the 
     Secretary of Defense, not more than 75 percent may be 
     obligated or expended until the later of the following:
       (1) The date on which Secretary certifies, in writing, to 
     the appropriate committees of Congress that the Department 
     representatives to the Special Federal Aviation Regulation 
     Working Group have been designated as required by subsection 
     (a).
       (2) The date on which the Special Federal Aviation 
     Regulation Working Group submits to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress initial recommendations developed 
     pursuant to subsection (b)(4) of section 1748 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
     116-92; 133 Stat. 1847).
       (c) Report on Findings and Recommendations.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2021, the Special 
     Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group shall submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth the 
     findings and recommendations of the Working Group as 
     developed pursuant to subsection (b) of section 1748 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
       (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 1748 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (d); and
       (B) in subsection (e), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and 
     inserting ``section 154(c)(1) of the William M. (Mac) 
     Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2021''.
       (d) Certification in Connection With Contracts With Foreign 
     Companies for Aviation Services Overseas.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Department 
     of Defense may not enter into a contract with a foreign 
     company as contracted aviation support to provide aviation 
     services in an overseas area unless the Secretary certifies, 
     in writing, to the appropriate committees of Congress each of 
     the following:
       (A) That the use of foreign companies to provide such 
     services in overseas areas is required for the national 
     security of the United States.
       (B) That the Department has exhausted all available 
     authorities to use United States companies to provide such 
     services in overseas areas.
       (2) Sunset.--The requirement in paragraph (1) shall expire 
     on the later of--
       (A) the date on which the Special Federal Aviation 
     Regulation Working Group submits to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress the report required by subsection 
     (c)(1); and
       (B) the date on which the Secretary fully implements the 
     recommendations contained in that report.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (2) The term ``Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working 
     Group'' means the working group established pursuant to 
     section 1748 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020.

     SEC. 155. INTEGRATED AIR AND MISSILE DEFENSE ASSESSMENT.

       (a) Certification on Directive of IAMD Responsibilities and 
     Authorities.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
     coordination with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
     and the Secretaries of the military departments, certify that 
     Department of Defense Directive 5100.01 is current and 
     accurate with respect to integrated air and missile defense 
     (IAMD) responsibilities and authorities in support of joint 
     and combined land, sea, air, space and special forces 
     operations, and in obtaining and maintaining air superiority 
     or supremacy as required.
       (b) IAMD Assessment by Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
     Staff.--
       (1) In general.--The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
     shall, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments and the Director of the Missile Defense Agency, 
     conduct a comprehensive classified assessment of threats to, 
     and capabilities and capacities of, current and planned 
     integrated air and missile defense technologies and force 
     structure to meet the requirements of the combatant commands 
     in support of the National Defense Strategy.
       (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following:
       (A) Characterization and analysis of current and emerging 
     threats, including the following:
       (i) Cruise, hypersonic, and ballistic missiles.
       (ii) Unmanned aerial systems.
       (iii) Rockets and other indirect fire.
       (iv) Specific and meaningfully varied examples within each 
     of clauses (i) through (iii).
       (B) Analysis of current and planned integrated air and 
     missile defense capabilities to counter the threats 
     characterized and analyzed under subparagraph (A), including 
     the following:
       (i) Projected timelines for development, procurement, and 
     fielding of needed capabilities to defend against current and 
     anticipated threats, based on intelligence assessments of 
     such threats.
       (ii) Projected capability and capacity gaps in addressing 
     the threats characterized and assessed under subparagraph 
     (A), including a delineation of unfulfilled integrated air 
     and missile defense requirements by combatant command.
       (iii) Risk assessment of projected capability and capacity 
     gaps addressing integrated air and missile defense 
     requirements of the combatant commands and the National 
     Defense Strategy.
       (iv) Opportunities for acceleration or need for 
     incorporation of interim capabilities to address current and 
     projected gaps.
       (v) Opportunities to leverage allied contributions for 
     integrated air and missile defense capabilities and 
     capacities to meet requirements of the combatant commands.
       (C) Assessment of the integrated air and missile defense 
     command, control, and intelligence systems and architecture, 
     including the following:
       (i) A description of the integrated air and missile defense 
     architecture, and the component counter unmanned aerial 
     system (C-UAS) sub-architecture of such architecture.
       (ii) Identification of the critical command and control 
     (C2) systems.
       (iii) Integration or interoperability of the command and 
     control systems.
       (iv) Integration, interoperability, or compatibility of the 
     command and control systems with

[[Page H6166]]

     planned Joint All Domain Command and Control (JADC2) 
     architecture.
       (3) Characterization.--
       (A) In general.--In carrying out the assessment required by 
     paragraph (1), the Chairman shall clearly, on a technical and 
     operational basis, distinguish between distinctly different 
     threats in the same general class.
       (B) Example.--The Chairman shall, for example, ensure that 
     the assessment is not limited to a broad characterization, 
     such as ``cruise missiles'', since such characterization does 
     not sufficiently distinguish between current cruise missiles 
     and emerging hypersonic cruise missiles, which may require 
     different capabilities to counter them.
       (4) Interim briefing and report.--
       (A) Interim briefing.--Not later than 60 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Chairman shall brief 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
     of Representatives on the assessment under paragraph (1).
       (B) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Chairman shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the findings of the assessment 
     conducted under paragraph (1).
       (c) Secretary of the Military Department Briefings on 
     Response to IAMD Assessment.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the submittal 
     of the report required by subsection (b)(4)(B), the Secretary 
     of the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of 
     the Air Force shall each brief the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives on 
     the manner in which the military department under the 
     jurisdiction of such Secretary intends to fulfill the global 
     integrated air and missile defense requirements of the 
     combatant commands in accordance with Department of Defense 
     Directive 5100.01.
       (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, for the military department covered by such 
     briefing, the following:
       (A) Analysis of current and planned integrated air and 
     missile defense capabilities to counter the threats 
     characterized and analyzed under subsection (b)(2)(A), 
     including the following:
       (i) Projected timelines and costs for development, 
     procurement, and fielding of planned integrated air and 
     missile defense capabilities.
       (ii) Projected capability gaps and an assessment of 
     associated risk.
       (iii) Opportunities for acceleration or need for 
     incorporation of interim capabilities to address current and 
     projected gaps.
       (B) Analysis of current and planned capacity to meet major 
     contingency plan requirements and ongoing global operations 
     of the combatant commands, including the following:
       (i) Current and planned numbers of integrated air and 
     missile defense systems and formations, including associated 
     munitions.
       (ii) Capacity gaps, and an assessment of associated risk, 
     in addressing combatant command requirements.
       (iii) Operations tempo stress on integrated air and missile 
     defense formations and personnel.
       (iv) Plans to sustain or to increase integrated air and 
     missile defense personnel and formations.
       (C) Assessment of proponency and the distribution of 
     responsibility and authority for policy and program planning, 
     budgeting, and execution within the military department for 
     integrated air and missile defense and counter-unmanned 
     aerial systems, including the following:
       (i) A description of the current proponency structure.
       (ii) An assessment of the adequacy of the current 
     proponency structure to facilitate integrated air and missile 
     defense and counter unmanned aerial systems functions for the 
     Department of Defense.
       (D) Assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing one or more centers of excellence for integrated 
     air and missile defense, counter unmanned aerial systems, or 
     both for purposes of planing, organizing, and managing the 
     military department and joint force efforts to achieve a 
     functional capability and capacity to meet the requirements 
     of the combatant commands.

     SEC. 156. JOINT STRATEGY FOR AIR BASE DEFENSE AGAINST MISSILE 
                   THREATS.

       (a) Strategy Required.--The Chief of Staff of the Air Force 
     and the Chief of Staff of the Army shall jointly develop and 
     carry out a strategy to address the defense of air bases and 
     prepositioned sites outside the continental United States 
     against current and emerging missile threats, as validated by 
     the Defense Intelligence Agency.
       (b) Certification and Strategy.--Not later than June 1, 
     2021, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force and the Chief of 
     Staff of the Army shall jointly submit to the congressional 
     defense committees the following:
       (1) A certification that the defense of air bases and 
     prepositioned sites outside the continental United States 
     against threats described in subsection (a) is being 
     addressed jointly.
       (2) The strategy developed pursuant to subsection (a).

     SEC. 157. JOINT ALL DOMAIN COMMAND AND CONTROL REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) Validation of Requirements by Joint Requirements 
     Oversight Council.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Joint 
     Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) shall validate 
     requirements for Joint All Domain Command and Control 
     (JADC2).
       (b) Air Force Certification.--Immediately after the 
     validation of requirements pursuant to subsection (a), the 
     Chief of Staff of the Air Force shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a certification that the 
     current Joint All Domain Command and Control effort, 
     including programmatic and architecture efforts, being led by 
     the Air Force will meet the requirements validated by the 
     Joint Requirements Oversight Council.
       (c) Certification by Other Armed Forces.-- Not later than 
     July 1, 2021, the chief of staff of each Armed Force other 
     than the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a certification whether the efforts of such Armed 
     Force on multi-domain command and control are compatible with 
     Joint All Domain Command and Control architecture.
       (d) Budgeting.--The Secretary of Defense shall incorporate 
     the expected costs for full development and implementation of 
     Joint All Domain Command and Control across the Department of 
     Defense in fiscal year 2022 in the budget of the President 
     for fiscal year 2022 as submitted to Congress under section 
     1105 of title 31, United States Code.

     SEC. 158. EXPANSION OF ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING 
                   AUTHORITY FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

       Section 161(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1246) is 
     amended by striking ``$574,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$1,035,793,000''.

     SEC. 159. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO THE F-35 AIRCRAFT 
                   PROGRAM.

       The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees, not later than 15 days following 
     Milestone C approval for the F-35 aircraft program pursuant 
     to section 2366c of title 10, United States Code, or entering 
     into a contract for the full-rate production of F-35 
     aircraft, the documentation with respect to the F-35 aircraft 
     program as follows:
       (1) A certification by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment that--
       (A) all alternative supply contractors for parts, required 
     for the airframe and propulsion prime contractors of the F-35 
     aircraft program as a result of the removal of the Republic 
     of Turkey from the program, have been identified, and all 
     related undefinitized contract actions have been definitized 
     (as described in section 7401 of part 217 of the Defense 
     Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement);
       (B) the parts produced by each such contractor have been 
     qualified and certified as meeting applicable technical 
     design and use specifications; and
       (C) each such contractor has reached the required rate of 
     production to meet supply requirements for parts under the 
     program.
       (2) A cost analysis, prepared by the joint program office 
     for the F-35 aircraft program, that assesses and defines--
       (A) the manner in which the full integration of Block 4 and 
     Technical Refresh 3 capabilities for each lot of Block 4 
     production aircraft beginning after lot 14 will affect the 
     average procurement unit cost of United States variants of 
     the F-35A, F-35B, and F-35C aircraft; and
       (B) the manner in which the establishment of alternate 
     sources of production and sustainment of supply and repair 
     parts due to the removal of the Republic of Turkey from the 
     program will affect such unit cost.
       (3) All reports required by section 167 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
     116-92; 133 Stat. 1250).
       (4) An independent cost estimate, prepared by Director of 
     Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, that defines, for 
     each phase of the F-35 aircraft program, the cost to develop, 
     procure, integrate, and retrofit F-35 aircraft with all Block 
     4 capability requirements that are specified in the most 
     recent Block 4 capabilities development document.
       (5) A plan to correct or mitigate any deficiency in the F-
     35 aircraft, identified as of the date of enactment of this 
     Act that--
       (A) may cause death, severe injury or occupational illness, 
     or major loss or damage to equipment or a system, and for 
     which there is no identified workaround (commonly known as a 
     ``category 1A deficiency''); or
       (B) critically restricts combat readiness capabilities or 
     results in the inability to attain adequate performance to 
     accomplish mission requirements (commonly known as a 
     ``category 1B deficiency'').
       (6) A software and hardware capability, upgrade, and 
     aircraft modification plan for the F-35 aircraft that defines 
     the cost and schedule for retrofitting F-35 aircraft that 
     currently have Technical Refresh 2 capabilities installed to 
     ensure compatibility with Block 4 and Technical Refresh 3 
     capabilities.
       (7) The following reports for the F-35 aircraft program, as 
     prepared by the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation:
       (A) A report on the results of the realistic survivability 
     testing of the F-35 aircraft, as described in section 2366(d) 
     of title 10, United States Code.
       (B) A report on the results of the initial operational test 
     and evaluation conducted for program, as described in section 
     2399(b)(2) of such title.
       (8) A mitigation strategy and implementation plan to 
     address each critical deficiency in the F-35 aircraft 
     autonomic logistics information system that has been 
     identified as of the date of enactment of this Act.
       (9) A certification that the F-35A aircraft meets required 
     mission reliability performance using an average sortie 
     duration of 2 hours and 30 minutes.
       (10) A certification that the Secretary has developed and 
     validated a fully integrated and realistic schedule for the 
     development, production and integration of Block 4 Technical 
     Refresh 3 capabilities for the F-35 aircraft, that includes a 
     strategy for resolving all software technical debt that has 
     accumulated within the F-35 operational flight program source 
     code during development, production, and integration of 
     Technical Refresh 1 and Technical Refresh 2 capabilities.

[[Page H6167]]

       (11) The following:
       (A) A complete list of hardware modifications that will be 
     required to integrate Block 4 capabilities into lot 16 and 
     lot 17 production F-35 aircraft.
       (B) An estimate of the costs of any engineering changes 
     required as a result of such modifications.
       (C) A comparison of those engineering changes and costs 
     with the engineering changes and costs for lot 15 production 
     F-35 aircraft.

     SEC. 160. F-35 AIRCRAFT MUNITIONS.

       Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force and the Secretary of the Navy 
     shall, in coordination with the Director of the F-35 Joint 
     Program Office, certify for use by the Armed Forces under the 
     jurisdiction of such Secretary munitions for F-35 aircraft 
     that are qualified on F-35 partner aircraft of North Atlantic 
     Treaty Organization (NATO) member nations as of the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 161. REDESIGN STRATEGY FOR THE AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS 
                   INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR THE F-35 FIGHTER 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall, 
     in consultation with the Director of the F-35 Aircraft Joint 
     Program Office, submit to the congressional defense 
     committees the following:
       (1) A report describing a program-wide process for 
     measuring, collecting, and tracking information on the manner 
     in which the F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information System 
     (ALIS) is affecting the performance of the F-35 aircraft 
     fleet, including its effects on aircraft availability and 
     mission capability and effectiveness rates.
       (2) A strategy and implementation plan for the F-35 
     Operational Data Integrated Network (ODIN) system that is 
     being developed to replace the F-35 Autonomic Logistics 
     Information System, including an identification and 
     assessment of goals, key risks or uncertainties, system 
     performance metrics, and costs of designing, procuring, and 
     fielding the F-35 Operational Data Integrated Network system.
       (b) Updates.--In each quarterly briefing required by 
     section 155 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 115-232; 132 
     Stat. 1672) for a calendar quarter beginning on or after 
     January 1, 2022, the Under Secretary and the Director shall 
     include an update containing current information on the 
     following:
       (1) The manner in which the F-35 Autonomic Logistics 
     Information System is affecting fleet performance of the F-35 
     aircraft fleet.
       (2) The progress being made to develop, procure, and field 
     the F-35 Operational Data Integrated Network system.

     SEC. 162. BRIEFINGS ON SOFTWARE REGRESSION TESTING FOR F-35 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       During the quarterly briefing required by section 155 of 
     the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1672) 
     covering a quarter in which mission systems production 
     software for the F-35 aircraft was released to units 
     operating such aircraft under the F-35 aircraft continuous 
     capability development and delivery program, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall, 
     in consultation with the Director of Operational Test and 
     Evaluation, brief the congressional defense committees with 
     the following with respect to the missions systems production 
     software for the F-35 aircraft:
       (1) An explanation of the types and methods of regression 
     testing that were completed for the production release of the 
     software concerned to ensure compatibility and proper 
     functionality with--
       (A) the fire control radar system of each variant of the F-
     35 aircraft; and
       (B) all weapons certified for carriage and employment on 
     each variant of the F-35 aircraft.
       (2) An identification of any entities that conducted 
     regression testing of such software, including any 
     development facilities of the Federal Government or 
     contractors that conducted such testing.
       (3) A list of deficiencies identified during regression 
     testing of such software, or by operational units, after 
     fielding of such software, and an explanation of--
       (A) any software modifications, including quick-reaction 
     capability, that were completed to resolve or mitigate such 
     deficiencies;
       (B) with respect to any deficiencies that were not resolved 
     or mitigated, whether the deficiencies will be corrected in 
     later releases of the software; and
       (C) any effects resulting from such deficiencies, 
     including--
       (i) any effects on the cost and schedule for delivery of 
     the software; and
       (ii) in cases in which the deficiencies resulted in 
     additional, unplanned, software releases, any effects on the 
     ongoing testing of software capability releases.

     SEC. 163. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR THE ARMED OVERWATCH 
                   PROGRAM.

       None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may 
     be used to, and the Department may not--
       (1) procure armed overwatch aircraft for the United States 
     Special Operations Command in fiscal year 2021; or
       (2) procure armed overwatch aircraft for the Air Force in 
     fiscal years 2021 through 2023.

     SEC. 164. ACCELERATION OF DEVELOPMENT AND FIELDING OF COUNTER 
                   UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS ACROSS THE JOINT 
                   FORCE.

       (a) Immediate Objective for Executive Agent for C-sUAS.--
     The Executive Agent of the Joint Counter Small Unmanned 
     Aircraft Systems (C-sUAS) Office, as designated by the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall 
     prioritize the objective of developing and executing a plan 
     to develop, test, and begin production of a counter unmanned 
     aircraft system that can be fielded as early as fiscal year 
     2021 to meet immediate operational needs in countering Group 
     1, 2, and 3 unmanned aircraft systems and, to the extent 
     practical, has the potential to counter other, larger 
     unmanned aircraft systems.
       (b) Development and Fielding of C-sUAS Systems in Fiscal 
     Year 2021.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Executive 
     Agent shall consider the selection of counter unmanned 
     aircraft systems with specific emphasis on systems that--
       (1) have undergone successful realistic operational tests 
     or assessments, or have been or are currently deployed;
       (2) will meet the operational requirements of deployed 
     forces facing current and anticipated unmanned aircraft 
     system (UAS) threats, including effectiveness against 
     unmanned aircraft systems that are not remotely piloted or 
     are not reliant on a command link;
       (3) use autonomous and semi-autonomous systems and 
     processes;
       (4) are affordable, with low operating and sustainment 
     costs;
       (5) build, to the extent practicable, upon systems that 
     were selected for fielding in fiscal year 2021;
       (6) reduce or accelerate the timeline for initial 
     operational capability and full operational capability of the 
     counter unmanned aircraft system prioritized by subsection 
     (a);
       (7) enable the flexible and continuous integration of 
     different types of sensors and mitigation solutions based on 
     the different demands of particular military installations 
     and deployed forces, physical geographies, and threat 
     profiles; and
       (8) are or include systems or component parts that are 
     commercial items, as required by section 3307 of title 41, 
     United States Code, including a common command and control 
     system.
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Executive Agent shall brief the 
     congressional defense committees on the following:
       (1) The selection process for counter unmanned aircraft 
     system capabilities prioritized by this section.
       (2) The plan prioritized by subsection (a).
       (d) Oversight.--The Executive Agent shall--
       (1) oversee the execution of all counter unmanned aircraft 
     systems being developed by the military departments as of the 
     day before the date of the enactment of this Act; and
       (2) ensure that the plan prioritized by subsection (a) 
     guides future programmatic and funding decisions for 
     activities relating to counter unmanned aircraft systems, 
     including any cancellation of such activities.

     SEC. 165. AIRBORNE INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND 
                   RECONNAISSANCE ACQUISITION ROADMAP FOR THE 
                   UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.

       (a) In General.--Not later than December 1, 2021, the 
     Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and 
     Low-Intensity Conflict and the Commander of the United States 
     Special Operations Command shall jointly submit to the 
     congressional defense committees an acquisition roadmap to 
     meet the manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, 
     surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of United 
     States Special Operations Forces.
       (b) Elements.--The roadmap required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) A description of the current platform requirements for 
     manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, and 
     reconnaissance capabilities to support United States Special 
     Operations Forces.
       (2) An analysis of the remaining service life of existing 
     manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, and 
     reconnaissance capabilities currently operated by United 
     States Special Operations Forces.
       (3) An identification of any current or anticipated gaps 
     for special operations-peculiar manned and unmanned airborne 
     intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities.
       (4) A description of anticipated manned and unmanned 
     intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platform 
     requirements of the United States Special Operations Forces, 
     including range, payload, endurance, ability to operate in 
     contested environments, and other requirements, as 
     appropriate.
       (5) A description of the manner in which the anticipated 
     requirements described in paragraph (4) are in alignment with 
     the National Defense Strategy and meet the challenge of 
     strategic competition and nation state intelligence 
     collection requirements.
       (6) An explanation of the anticipated mix of manned and 
     unmanned aircraft, number of platforms, and associated 
     aircrew and maintainers for support of United States Special 
     Operations Forces.
       (7) An explanation of the extent to which service-provided 
     manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, and 
     reconnaissance capabilities will be required in support of 
     United States Special Operations Forces, and the manner in 
     which such capabilities will supplement and integrate with 
     the organic capabilities possessed by United States Special 
     Operations Forces.
       (8) Any other matters the Assistant Secretary and the 
     Commander jointly consider appropriate.

     SEC. 166. PROHIBITION ON DIVESTITURE OF MANNED INTELLIGENCE, 
                   SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT 
                   OPERATED BY UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
                   COMMAND.

       (a) Prohibition.--No funds authorized to be appropriated by 
     this Act may be used to divest

[[Page H6168]]

     any manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
     aircraft operated by the United States Special Operations 
     Command, and the Department of Defense may not divest any 
     manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
     aircraft operated by the United States Special Operations 
     Command in fiscal year 2021.
       (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) does not 
     apply to any divestment of aircraft described in that 
     subsection that is ongoing as of the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

     SEC. 167. NOTIFICATION ON EFFORTS TO REPLACE INOPERABLE 
                   EJECTION SEAT AIRCRAFT LOCATOR BEACONS.

       (a) Notification.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, and on a semi-annual basis 
     thereafter until the date specified in subsection (b), the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     written notification that describes, with respect to the 
     period covered by the notification--
       (1) the efforts of the service acquisition executives of 
     the Department of the Air Force and the Department of the 
     Navy to replace ejection seat aircraft locator beacons that 
     are--
       (A) installed on covered aircraft; and
       (B) inoperable in water or in wet conditions; and
       (2) the funding allocated for such efforts.
       (b) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection 
     is the earlier of--
       (1) the date on which the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment determines that all ejection seat 
     aircraft locator beacons installed on covered aircraft are 
     operable in water and wet conditions; or
       (2) the date that is 5 years after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered aircraft'' means aircraft of the Air 
     Force, the Navy, and the Marine Corps that are equipped with 
     ejection seats.
       (2) The term ``service acquisition executive of the 
     Department of the Air Force'' does not include the Service 
     Acquisition Executive of the Department of the Air Force for 
     Space Systems and Programs described in section 957 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
     (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 9016 note).

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of requirements relating to certain cooperative 
              research and development agreements.
Sec. 212. Disclosure requirements for recipients of Department of 
              Defense research and development funds.
Sec. 213. Modification of national security innovation activities and 
              pilot program on strengthening the defense industrial and 
              innovation base.
Sec. 214. Updates to Defense Quantum Information Science and Technology 
              Research and Development program.
Sec. 215. Establishment of Directed Energy Working Group.
Sec. 216. Extension of pilot program for the enhancement of the 
              research, development, test, and evaluation centers of 
              the Department of Defense.
Sec. 217. Designation of senior officials for critical technology areas 
              supportive of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 218. Executive agent for Autonomy.
Sec. 219. National security innovation partnerships.
Sec. 220. Social science, management science, and information science 
              research activities.
Sec. 221. Accountability measures relating to the Advanced Battle 
              Management System.
Sec. 222. Activities to improve fielding of Air Force hypersonic 
              capabilities.
Sec. 223. Disclosure of funding sources in applications for Federal 
              research and development awards.
Sec. 224. Governance of fifth-generation wireless networking in the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 225. Demonstration project on use of certain technologies for 
              fifth-generation wireless networking services.
Sec. 226. Research, development, and deployment of technologies to 
              support water sustainment.
Sec. 227. Limitation on contract awards for certain unmanned vessels.

      Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology

Sec. 231. Modification of biannual report on the Joint Artificial 
              Intelligence Center.
Sec. 232. Modification of joint artificial intelligence research, 
              development, and transition activities.
Sec. 233. Board of advisors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
              Center.
Sec. 234. Application of artificial intelligence to the defense reform 
              pillar of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 235. Acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial 
              intelligence technology.
Sec. 236. Steering committee on emerging technology.

            Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development

Sec. 241. Measuring and incentivizing programming proficiency.
Sec. 242. Modification of Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
              Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program.
Sec. 243. Improvements to Technology and National Security Fellowship 
              of Department of Defense.
Sec. 244. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical 
              talent and expertise at academic institutions.
Sec. 245. Encouragement of contractor science, technology, engineering, 
              and mathematics (STEM) programs.
Sec. 246. Training program for human resources personnel in best 
              practices for technical workforce.
Sec. 247. Pilot program on the use of electronic portfolios to evaluate 
              certain applicants for technical positions.
Sec. 248. Pilot program on self-directed training in advanced 
              technologies.
Sec. 249. Part-time and term employment of university faculty and 
              students in the Defense science and technology 
              enterprise.
Sec. 250. National security workforce and educational diversity 
              activities.
Sec. 251. Coordination of scholarship and employment programs of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 252. Study on mechanisms for attracting and retaining high quality 
              talent in the Department of Defense.

                   Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry

Sec. 261. National coordinating entity for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 262. Strategic plan for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 263. Agency activities in support of sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 264. Partnerships in sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 265. Prioritization.
Sec. 266. Rule of construction.
Sec. 267. Major multi-user research facility project.

             Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 271. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational 
              Test and Evaluation.
Sec. 272. Modification to Test Resource Management Center strategic 
              plan reporting cycle and contents.
Sec. 273. Modification of requirements relating to energetics plan to 
              include assessment of feasibility and advisability of 
              establishing a program office for energetics.
Sec. 274. Element in annual reports on cyber science and technology 
              activities on work with academic consortia on high 
              priority cybersecurity research activities in Department 
              of Defense capabilities.
Sec. 275. Repeal of quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting 
              Vehicle program.
Sec. 276. Microelectronics and national security.
Sec. 277. Independent evaluation of personal protective and diagnostic 
              testing equipment.
Sec. 278. Assessment on United States national security emerging 
              biotechnology efforts and capabilities and comparison 
              with adversaries.
Sec. 279. Annual reports regarding the SBIR program of the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 280. Reports on F-35 physiological episodes and mitigation 
              efforts.
Sec. 281. Review and report on next generation air dominance 
              capabilities.
Sec. 282. Plan for operational test and utility evaluation of systems 
              for Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology program.
Sec. 283. Independent comparative analysis of efforts by China and the 
              United States to recruit and retain researchers in 
              national security-related and defense-related fields.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2021 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
     research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in 
     the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

     SEC. 211. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO CERTAIN 
                   COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                   AGREEMENTS.

       Section 2350a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``and the Under 
     Secretary'' and inserting ``or the Under Secretary''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by striking ``Each cooperative'' and inserting ``(1) 
     Except as provided in paragraph (2), each cooperative''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(2) A cooperative research and development project may be 
     entered into under this section under which costs are shared 
     between the participants on an unequal basis if the Secretary 
     of Defense, or an official specified in subsection (b)(2) to 
     whom the Secretary delegates authority under this paragraph, 
     makes a written determination that unequal cost sharing 
     provides strategic value to the United States or another 
     participant in the project.
       ``(3) For purposes of this subsection, the term `cost' 
     means the total value of cash and non-cash contributions.''.

     SEC. 212. DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS FOR RECIPIENTS OF 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                   FUNDS.

       (a) Disclosure Requirements.--

[[Page H6169]]

       (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2374b. Disclosure requirements for recipients of 
       research and development funds

       ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsections (b) 
     and (c), an individual or entity (including a State or local 
     government) that uses funds received from the Department of 
     Defense to carry out research or development activities shall 
     include, in any public document pertaining to such 
     activities, a clear statement indicating the dollar amount of 
     the funds received from the Department for such activities.
       ``(b) Exception.--The disclosure requirement under 
     subsection (a) shall not apply to a public document 
     consisting of fewer than 280 characters.
       ``(c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
     disclosure requirement under subsection (a) on a case-by-case 
     basis.
       ``(d) Public Document Defined.--In this section, the term 
     `public document' means any document or other written 
     statement made available for public reference or use, 
     regardless of whether such document or statement is made 
     available in hard copy or electronic format.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:
``2374b. Disclosure requirements for recipients of research and 
              development funds.''.
       (b) Effective Date and Applicability.--The amendments made 
     by subsection (a) shall take effect on October 1, 2021, and 
     shall apply with respect to funds for research and 
     development that are awarded by the Department of Defense on 
     or after that date.

     SEC. 213. MODIFICATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION 
                   ACTIVITIES AND PILOT PROGRAM ON STRENGTHENING 
                   THE DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL AND INNOVATION BASE.

       (a) National Security Innovation Activities.--Section 230 
     of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (h);
       (2) by redesignating subsections (e) through (g) as 
     subsections (f) through (h), respectively;
       (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(e) Advisory Assistance.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Under Secretary shall establish a 
     mechanism to seek advice from existing Federal advisory 
     committees on matters relating to--
       ``(A) the implementation and prioritization of activities 
     established under subsection (a); and
       ``(B) determining how such activities may be used to 
     support the overall technology strategy of the Department of 
     Defense.
       ``(2) Existing federal advisory committees defined.--In 
     this subsection, the term `existing Federal advisory 
     committee' means an advisory committee that--
       ``(A) is established pursuant to a provision of Federal law 
     other than this section; and
       ``(B) has responsibilities relevant to the activities 
     established under subsection (a), as determined by the Under 
     Secretary.''; and
       (4) in paragraph (1) of subsection (g) (as so redesignated) 
     by striking ``strengthening manufacturing in the defense 
     industrial base'' and inserting ``strengthening the defense 
     industrial and innovation base''.
       (b) Plan.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a plan that 
     describes--
       (1) the mechanism the Under Secretary will use to seek 
     advice from existing Federal advisory committees as required 
     under section 230(e) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note) (as added by subsection (a) of this 
     section); and
       (2) the expected roles and responsibilities of such 
     committees with respect to advising the Under Secretary on 
     the activities established under section 230 of such Act.
       (c) Pilot Program on Defense Industrial and Innovation 
     Base.--Section 1711 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2505 note) 
     is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``manufacturing in 
     the defense industrial base'' and inserting ``the defense 
     industrial and innovation base'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
     ``and the defense innovation base'' after ``industrial 
     base'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``development, 
     prototyping, and manufacturing'' before ``production''; and
       (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``manufacturing and 
     production'' and inserting ``development, prototyping, and 
     manufacturing'';
       (3) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(2) Section 230 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note).'';
       (4) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``manufacturing and 
     production'' and inserting ``development, prototyping, and 
     manufacturing'';
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``manufacturing and 
     production'';
       (C) in paragraph (4), by striking ``manufacturers'' and 
     inserting ``companies''; and
       (D) in paragraph (5), by striking ``manufacturers'' and 
     inserting ``companies'';
       (5) in subsection (d), by striking ``the date that is four 
     years after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
     inserting ``December 31, 2026''; and
       (6) in subsection (e), by striking ``January 31, 2022'' and 
     inserting ``January 31, 2027''.

     SEC. 214. UPDATES TO DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND 
                   TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

       Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
     subsection (e):
       ``(e) Use of Quantum Computing Capabilities.--The Secretary 
     of each military department shall--
       ``(1) develop and annually update a list of technical 
     problems and research challenges which are likely to be 
     addressable by quantum computers available for use within in 
     the next one to three years, with a priority for technical 
     problems and challenges where quantum computing systems have 
     performance advantages over traditional computing systems, in 
     order to enhance the capabilities of such quantum computers 
     and support the addressing of relevant technical problems and 
     research challenges; and
       ``(2) establish programs and enter into agreements with 
     appropriate medium and small businesses with functional 
     quantum computing capabilities to provide such private sector 
     capabilities to government, industry, and academic 
     researchers working on relevant technical problems and 
     research activities.''.

     SEC. 215. ESTABLISHMENT OF DIRECTED ENERGY WORKING GROUP.

       Section 219 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by striking paragraph (4); and
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4); and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Directed Energy Working Group.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     fiscal year 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
     working group to be known as the `Directed Energy Working 
     Group'.
       ``(2) Responsibilities.--The Directed Energy Working Group 
     shall--
       ``(A) analyze and evaluate the current and planned directed 
     energy programs of each of the military departments;
       ``(B) make recommendations to the Secretary of Defense--
       ``(i) describing how memoranda of understanding may be used 
     to coordinate the directed energy activities conducted by the 
     Department of Defense using amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated for research, development, test, and evaluation; 
     and
       ``(ii) proposing the establishment of specific memoranda of 
     understanding between individual organizations and elements 
     of the Department of Defense to facilitate such coordination;
       ``(C) identify methods of quickly fielding directed energy 
     capabilities and programs; and
       ``(D) develop a compendium on the effectiveness of directed 
     energy weapon systems and integrate the compendium into an 
     overall Joint Effectiveness Manual under the guidance from 
     the Joint Technical Coordination Group for Munitions 
     Effectiveness.
       ``(3) Head of working group.--The head of the Directed 
     Energy Working Group shall be the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Research and Engineering or the designee of the Under 
     Secretary.
       ``(4) Membership.--The members of the Directed Energy 
     Working Group shall be appointed as follows:
       ``(A) One member from each military department, appointed 
     by the Secretary of the military department concerned.
       ``(B) One member appointed by the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering.
       ``(C) One member appointed by the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
       ``(D) One member appointed by the Director of the Strategic 
     Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense.
       ``(E) One member appointed by the Director of the Defense 
     Advanced Research Projects Agency.
       ``(F) One member appointed by the Director of Operational 
     Test and Evaluation.
       ``(G) One member appointed by the Director of the Missile 
     Defense Agency.
       ``(H) Such other members as may be appointed by the 
     Secretary of Defense from among individuals serving in the 
     Department of Defense.
       ``(5) Deadline for appointment.--Members of the Directed 
     Energy Working Group shall be appointed not later than 30 
     days after the date of the establishment of the working group 
     under paragraph (1).
       ``(6) Briefings to congress.--Not later than 180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, and 
     not less frequently than once every 180 days thereafter, the 
     Directed Energy Working Group shall provide to the 
     congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress 
     of each directed energy program that is being adopted or 
     fielded by the Department of Defense.
       ``(7) Termination.--The Directed Energy Working Group 
     established under this subsection shall terminate 4 years 
     after the date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) 
     Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2021.''.

[[Page H6170]]

  


     SEC. 216. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF 
                   THE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION 
                   CENTERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) In General.--Section 233 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (e), by striking ``2022'' and inserting 
     ``2027''; and
       (2) in subsection (f)--
       (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date 
     of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the status of the pilot program.''; 
     and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following 
     new subparagraph:
       ``(F) With respect to any military department not 
     participating in the pilot program, an explanation for such 
     nonparticipation, including identification of--
       ``(i) any issues that may be preventing such participation; 
     and
       ``(ii) any offices or other elements of the Department of 
     Defense that may be responsible for the delay in 
     participation.''.
       (b) Technical Amendment.--Effective as of December 23, 
     2016, and as if included therein as enacted, section 
     233(c)(2)(C)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 
     note) is amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary of the 
     Army for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, 
     Logistics, and Technology''.
       (c) Extension of Pilot Program to Improve Incentives for 
     Technology Transfer From Department of Defense 
     Laboratories.--Subsection (e) of section 233 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
     115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2514 note) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(e) Sunset.--The pilot program under this section shall 
     terminate on September 30, 2025.''.

     SEC. 217. DESIGNATION OF SENIOR OFFICIALS FOR CRITICAL 
                   TECHNOLOGY AREAS SUPPORTIVE OF THE NATIONAL 
                   DEFENSE STRATEGY.

       (a) Designation of Senior Officials.--The Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Research and Engineering shall--
       (1) identify technology areas that the Under Secretary 
     considers critical for the support of the National Defense 
     Strategy; and
       (2) for each such technology area, designate a senior 
     official of the Department of Defense to coordinate research 
     and engineering activities in that area.
       (b) Duties.--The duties of each senior official designated 
     under subsection (a) shall include, with respect to the 
     technology area overseen by such official--
       (1) developing and continuously updating research and 
     technology development roadmaps, funding strategies, and 
     technology transition strategies to ensure--
       (A) the effective and efficient development of new 
     capabilities in the area; and
       (B) the operational use of appropriate technologies;
       (2) conducting annual assessments of workforce, 
     infrastructure, and industrial base capabilities and capacity 
     to support--
       (A) the roadmaps developed under paragraph (1); and
       (B) the goals of the National Defense Strategy;
       (3) reviewing the relevant research and engineering budgets 
     of appropriate organizations within the Department of 
     Defense, including the Armed Forces, and advising the Under 
     Secretary on--
       (A) the consistency of the budgets with the roadmaps 
     developed under paragraph (1);
       (B) any technical and programmatic risks to the achievement 
     of the research and technology development goals of the 
     National Defense Strategy;
       (C) programs, projects, and activities that demonstrate--
       (i) unwanted or inefficient duplication, including 
     duplication with activities of other government agencies and 
     the commercial sector;
       (ii) lack of appropriate coordination with other 
     organizations; or
       (iii) inappropriate alignment with organizational missions 
     and capabilities;
       (4) coordinating the research and engineering activities of 
     the Department with appropriate international, interagency, 
     and private sector organizations; and
       (5) tasking appropriate intelligence agencies of the 
     Department to develop a direct comparison between the 
     capabilities of the United States in the technology area 
     concerned and the capabilities of adversaries of the United 
     States in that area.
       (c) Annual Reports.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than December 1, 2021, and not 
     later than December 1 of each year thereafter through 
     December 1, 2025, the Under Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on research and 
     engineering activities and on the status of the technology 
     areas identified under subsection (a)(1), including a 
     description of any programs, projects, or activities in such 
     areas, that have, in the year preceding the date of the 
     report--
       (A) achieved significant technical progress;
       (B) transitioned from the research and development phase to 
     formal acquisition programs;
       (C) transitioned from the research and development phase 
     into operational use; or
       (D) been transferred from the Department of Defense to 
     private sector organizations for further commercial 
     development or commercial sales.
       (2) Form.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall submitted 
     in unclassified form that can be made available to the 
     public, but may include a classified annex.
       (d) Coordination of Research and Engineering Activities.--
     The Service Acquisition Executive for each military 
     department and the Director of the Defense Advanced Research 
     Projects Agency shall each identify senior officials to 
     ensure coordination of appropriate research and engineering 
     activities with each of the senior officials designated under 
     subsection (a).
       (e) Conforming Amendments.--Section 218 of the John Warner 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 
     (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a) by striking the second sentence and 
     inserting ``The Office shall carry out the program and 
     activities described in subsections (b) and (c) and shall 
     have such other responsibilities relating to hypersonics as 
     the Secretary shall specify'';
       (2) by striking subsections (b), (e) and (f);
       (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (b) and (c), respectively;
       (4) in subsection (b)(1), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``provide the Office with'' and all that follows through the 
     period at the end and inserting ``provide the Office with 
     foundational and applied hypersonic research, development, 
     and workforce support in areas that the Office determines to 
     be relevant for the Department of Defense.'';
       (5) in subsection (c), as so redesignated--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``In 
     carrying out the program required by subsection (b), the 
     Office'' and inserting ``The Office'';
       (B) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
       ``(1) Expedite testing, evaluation, and acquisition of 
     hypersonic technologies to meet the stated needs of the 
     warfighter, including flight testing, ground-based-testing, 
     and underwater launch testing.'';
       (C) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3);
       (D) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and (7) as 
     paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (6), respectively;
       (E) by amending paragraph (2), as so redesignated, to read 
     as follows:
       ``(2) Ensure prototyping demonstration programs on 
     hypersonic systems integrate advanced technologies to speed 
     the maturation and deployment of future hypersonic 
     systems.'';
       (F) by amending paragraph (3), as so redesignated, to read 
     as follows:
       ``(3) Ensure that any demonstration program on hypersonic 
     systems is carried out only if determined to be consistent 
     with the roadmap for the relevant critical technology area 
     supportive of the National Defense Strategy, as developed by 
     the senior official with responsibility for such area under 
     section 217 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021.'';
       (G) by amending paragraph (4), as so redesignated, to read 
     as follows:
       ``(4) Develop strategies and roadmaps for hypersonic 
     technologies to enable the transition of such technologies to 
     future operational capabilities for the warfighter.'';
       (H) by inserting after paragraph (4), as so redesignated, 
     the following:
       ``(5) Develop and implement a strategy for enhancing the 
     current and future hypersonics workforce.''; and
       (I) by amending paragraph (6), as so redesignated, to read 
     as follows:
       ``(6) Coordinate with relevant stakeholders and agencies to 
     support the technological advantage of the United States in 
     developing hypersonic systems.''.

     SEC. 218. EXECUTIVE AGENT FOR AUTONOMY.

       (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the 
     Secretary of the Navy shall designate an existing program 
     executive officer from within the Department of the Navy to 
     serve as the acquisition executive agent for autonomy who 
     shall be the official within the Department with primary 
     responsibility for the acquisition of autonomous technology. 
     The officer designated as acquisition executive agent for 
     autonomy shall carry out the responsibilities of such 
     position in addition to the responsibilities otherwise 
     assigned to such officer as a program executive officer.
       (b) Program Executive Officer Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``program executive officer'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 1737(a)(4) of title 10, United States 
     Code.

     SEC. 219. NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION PARTNERSHIPS.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish an activity--
       (1) to support partnerships between the Department of 
     Defense and academic institutions, private sector firms in 
     defense and commercial sectors, commercial accelerators and 
     incubators, commercial innovation hubs, public sector 
     organizations, and nonprofit entities with missions relating 
     to national security innovation;
       (2) to expand the national security innovation base, 
     including through engagement with academia, defense industry, 
     commercial industry, government organizations, and the 
     venture capital community;
       (3) to accelerate the transition of technologies and 
     services into acquisition programs and operational use;
       (4) to work in coordination with the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Personnel and Readiness, other organizations 
     within the Office of the Secretary, and the Armed Forces to 
     create new pathways and models of national security service 
     that facilitate employment within the Department;
       (5) to facilitate engagement with entities described in 
     paragraph (1) for the purpose of developing solutions to 
     national security and defense problems articulated by 
     entities within the

[[Page H6171]]

     Department, including through programs such as the Hacking 
     for Defense program;
       (6) to establish physical locations throughout the United 
     States to support partnerships with academic, government, and 
     private sector industry partners; and
       (7) to enhance the capabilities of the Department in market 
     research, industrial and technology base awareness, source 
     selection, partnerships with private sector capital, and 
     access to commercial technologies.
       (b) Authorities.--In addition to the authorities provided 
     under this section, in carrying out this section, the 
     Secretary of Defense may use the following authorities:
       (1) Section 1599g of title 10, United States Code, relating 
     to public-private talent exchanges.
       (2) Section 2368 of title 10, United States Code, relating 
     to Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering 
     Partnerships.
       (3) Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, relating 
     to prizes for advanced technology achievements.
       (4) Section 2474 of title 10, United States Code, relating 
     to Centers of Industrial and Technical Excellence.
       (5) Section 2521 of title 10, United States Code, relating 
     to the Manufacturing Technology Program.
       (6) Subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, United States 
     Code, relating to assignments to and from States.
       (7) Chapter 47 of title 5, United States Code, relating to 
     personnel research programs and demonstration projects.
       (8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
     Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
     title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative 
     research and development agreements.
       (9) Such other authorities as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (c) Implementation.--
       (1) Support from other department of defense 
     organizations.--The Secretary of Defense may direct other 
     organizations and elements of the Department of Defense to 
     provide personnel, resources, and other support to the 
     activity established under this section, as the Secretary 
     determines appropriate.
       (2) Implementation plan.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for 
     implementing the activity established under this section.
       (B) Elements.--The plan required under subparagraph (A) 
     shall include the following:
       (i) Plans that describe any support that will be provided 
     for the activity by other organizations and elements of the 
     Department of Defense under paragraph (1).
       (ii) Plans for the implementation of the activity, 
     including plans for--

       (I) future funding and administrative support of the 
     activity;
       (II) integration of the activity into the programming, 
     planning, budgeting, and execution process of the Department 
     of Defense;
       (III) integration of the activity with the other programs 
     and initiatives within the Department that have missions 
     relating to innovation and outreach to the academic and the 
     private sector ; and
       (IV) performance indicators by which the activity will be 
     assessed and evaluated.

       (iii) A description of any additional authorities the 
     Secretary may require to effectively carry out the 
     responsibilities under this section.

     SEC. 220. SOCIAL SCIENCE, MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, AND INFORMATION 
                   SCIENCE RESEARCH ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, shall carry out a program of research and 
     development in social science, management science, and 
     information science.
       (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program under subsection 
     (a) are as follows:
       (1) To ensure that the Department of Defense has access to 
     innovation and expertise in social science, management 
     science, and information science to enable the Department to 
     improve the effectiveness, efficiency, and agility of the 
     Department's operational and management activities.
       (2) To develop and manage a portfolio of research 
     initiatives in fundamental and applied social science, 
     management science, and information science that is stable, 
     consistent, and balanced across relevant disciplines.
       (3) To enhance cooperation and collaboration on research 
     and development in the fields of social science, management 
     science, and information science between the Department of 
     Defense and appropriate private sector and international 
     entities that are involved in research and development in 
     such fields.
       (4) To accelerate the development of a research community 
     and industry to support Department of Defense missions in the 
     fields of social science, management science, and information 
     science, including the development of facilities, a 
     workforce, infrastructure, and partnerships in support of 
     such missions.
       (5) To coordinate all research and development within the 
     Department of Defense in the fields of social science, 
     management science, and information science.
       (6) To collect, synthesize, and disseminate critical 
     information on research and development in the fields of 
     social science, management science, and information science.
       (7) To assess and appropriately share, with other 
     departments and agencies of the Federal Government and 
     appropriate entities in the private sector--
       (A) challenges within the Department of Defense that may be 
     addressed through the application of advances in social 
     science, management science, and information science; and
       (B) datasets related to such challenges.
       (8) To support the identification of organizational and 
     institutional barriers to the implementation of management 
     and organizational enhancements and best practices.
       (9) To accelerate efforts--
       (A) to transition, and deploy within the Department of 
     Defense, technologies and concepts derived from research and 
     development in the fields of social science, management 
     science, and information science; and
       (B) to establish policies, procedures, and standards for 
     measuring the success of such efforts.
       (10) To integrate knowledge from cross-disciplinary 
     research on--
       (A) how factors relating to social science, management 
     science, and information science affect the global security 
     environment; and
       (B) best practices for management in the public and private 
     sectors.
       (11) To apply principles, tools, and methods from social 
     science, management science, and information science--
       (A) to ensure the Department of Defense is more agile, 
     efficient, and effective in organizational management and in 
     deterring and countering current and emerging threats; and
       (B) to support the National Defense Strategy.
       (c) Administration.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering shall supervise the planning, 
     management, and coordination of the program under subsection 
     (a).
       (d) Activities.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering, in consultation with the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Policy, the Secretaries of the 
     military departments, and the heads of relevant Defense 
     Agencies, shall--
       (1) prescribe a set of long-term challenges and a set of 
     specific technical goals for the program, including--
       (A) optimization of analysis of national security data 
     sets;
       (B) development of innovative defense-related management 
     activities;
       (C) improving the operational use of social science, 
     management science, and information science innovations by 
     military commanders and civilian leaders;
       (D) improving understanding of the fundamental social, 
     cultural, and behavioral forces that shape the strategic 
     interests of the United States; and
       (E) developing a Department of Defense workforce capable of 
     developing and leveraging innovations and best practices in 
     the fields of social science, management science, and 
     information science to support defense missions;
       (2) develop a coordinated and integrated research and 
     investment plan for meeting near-term, mid-term, and long-
     term national security, defense-related, and Departmental 
     management challenges that--
       (A) includes definitive milestones;
       (B) provides for achieving specific technical goals;
       (C) establishes pathways to address the operational and 
     management missions of the Department through--
       (i) the evaluation of innovations and advances in social 
     science, management science, and information science for 
     potential implementation within the Department; and
       (ii) implementation of such innovations and advances within 
     the Department, as appropriate; and
       (C) builds upon the investments of the Department, other 
     departments and agencies of the Federal Government, and the 
     commercial sector in the fields of social science, management 
     science, and information science;
       (3) develop plans for--
       (A) the development of the Department's workforce in social 
     science, management science, and information science; and
       (B) improving awareness of--
       (i) the fields of social science, management science, and 
     information science;
       (ii) advances and innovations in such fields; and
       (iii) and the ability of such advances and innovations to 
     enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the Department; 
     and
       (4) develop memoranda of agreement, joint funding 
     agreements, and such other cooperative arrangements as the 
     Under Secretary determines necessary--
       (A) to carry out the program under subsection (a); and
       (B) to transition appropriate products, services, and 
     innovations relating social science, management science, and 
     information science into use within the Department.
       (e) Guidance Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering shall develop and issue guidance for 
     defense-related social science, management science, and 
     information science activities, including--
       (A) classification and data management plans for such 
     activities;
       (B) policies for control of personnel participating in such 
     activities to protect national security interests; and
       (C) ensuring that research findings and innovations in the 
     fields of social science, management science, and information 
     science are incorporated into the activities and strategic 
     documents of the Department.
       (2) Updates.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering shall regularly update the guidance issued 
     under paragraph (1).
       (f) Designation of Entity.--The Secretary of each military 
     department may establish or designate an entity or activity 
     under the jurisdiction of such Secretary, which may include a 
     Department of Defense Laboratory, an academic

[[Page H6172]]

     institution, or another appropriate organization, to support 
     interdisciplinary research and development activities in the 
     fields of social science, management science, and information 
     science, and engage with appropriate public and private 
     sector organizations, including academic institutions, to 
     enhance and accelerate the research, development, and 
     deployment of social science, management science, and 
     information science within the Department.
       (g) Use of Other Authority.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     use the authority provided under section 217 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
     115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) to enhance the ability of the 
     Department of Defense to access technical talent and 
     expertise at academic institutions in support of the purposes 
     of this section.
       (h) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on the program under subsection 
     (a).
       (2) Form of report.--The report required under paragraph 
     (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include 
     a classified annex.

     SEC. 221. ACCOUNTABILITY MEASURES RELATING TO THE ADVANCED 
                   BATTLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

       (a) Cost Assessments.--
       (1) Initial cost estimate.--Not later than 180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
     Air Force, in consultation with the Director of Cost 
     Assessment and Program Evaluation, shall--
       (A) define key technical, programmatic, and operational 
     characteristics for the Advanced Battle Management System; 
     and
       (B) produce an initial cost estimate for the System that 
     includes--
       (i) estimated costs for each product category described in 
     the report submitted to Congress under section 236 the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
     (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1281); and
       (ii) a description of each cost estimating methodology used 
     in the preparation of the estimate.
       (2) Review and report.--Not later than 120 days after the 
     completion of the estimate required under paragraph (1), the 
     Air Force Cost Analysis Agency shall--
       (A) conduct a non-advocate cost assessment of the estimate; 
     and
       (B) submit to the congressional defense committees and the 
     Government Accountability Office a report on the results of 
     the assessment.
       (b) Program Update Briefings.--
       (1) In general.--Beginning not later than January 1, 2021, 
     and on a quarterly basis thereafter, the Secretary of the Air 
     Force shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
     program update briefing on the Advanced Battle Management 
     System and all associated technologies.
       (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
     include--
       (A) a detailed explanation of any on-ramp exercise of the 
     Advanced Battle Management System conducted during the 
     quarter covered by the report, including an explanation of--
       (i) the objectives achieved by the exercise and any data 
     collected for the purposes of decision making;
       (ii) identification of the portions of the exercise that 
     were scripted and unscripted and any technical workarounds or 
     substitutes used for purposes of the exercise; and
       (iii) the interim capabilities provided to combatant 
     commanders after the conclusion of the exercise (commonly 
     known as ``leave behind'' capabilities) and a plan for the 
     sustainment or upgrade of such capabilities; and
       (iv) the total cost of the exercise and a breakdown of the 
     costs with respect to technology, range and demonstration 
     resources, personnel, and logistics; and
       (B) such other information as the Secretary of the Air 
     Force determines appropriate.
       (c) Report on Security and Resiliency Measures.--At the 
     same time as the budget of the President for fiscal year 2022 
     is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 
     31, United States Code, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     describes how the Secretary plans to ensure the security and 
     resiliency of the Advanced Battle Management System, 
     including a description of any information assurance and 
     anti-tamper requirements for the System.
       (d) Additional Report and Briefings.--Not later than April 
     1, 2021, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees the following:
       (1) Report on planned capabilities.--A report on the 
     planned product line capabilities of the Advanced Battle 
     Management System, including--
       (A) a description of the technologies needed to implement 
     and achieve such product line capabilities;
       (B) a timeline for the technical maturation of such product 
     line capabilities; and
       (C) a notional schedule for fielding such product line 
     capabilities over the period covered by the most recent 
     future-years defense program submitted under section 221 of 
     title 10, United States Code, as of the date of the report.
       (2) Briefing on acquisition authorities.--A briefing on the 
     allocation of responsibilities among the individuals and 
     entities responsible for acquisition for the Advanced Battle 
     Management System, including an explanation of how decision-
     making and governance of the acquisition process is allocated 
     among the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, the Chief Architect 
     Integration Office, the Air Force Warfighting Integration 
     Capability, and other entities within the Department of the 
     Air Force that are expected provide capabilities for the 
     System.
       (3) Briefing on alignment with common mission control 
     center.--A briefing, which may be provided in classified or 
     unclassified form, that explains how, and to what extent, the 
     Advanced Battle Management System will be aligned and 
     coordinated with the Common Mission Control Center of the Air 
     Force.
       (e) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' has 
     the meaning given that term in section 236(c) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
     116-92; 133 Stat. 1281).
       (f) Conforming Repeal.--Section 147(g) of the John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1670) is repealed.

     SEC. 222. ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE FIELDING OF AIR FORCE 
                   HYPERSONIC CAPABILITIES.

       (a) Improvement of Ground-based Test Facilities.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall take such actions as may be 
     necessary to improve ground-based test facilities used for 
     the research, development, test, and evaluation of hypersonic 
     capabilities.
       (b) Increasing Flight Test Rate.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall increase the rate at which hypersonic capabilities are 
     flight tested to expedite the maturation and fielding of such 
     capabilities.
       (c) Strategy and Plan.--Not later than 60 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief of Staff of the 
     Air Force, in consultation with the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a strategy and plan for 
     fielding air-launched and air-breathing hypersonic weapons 
     capabilities within the period of three years following such 
     date of enactment.
       (d) Report.--In addition to the strategy and plan required 
     under subsection (c), not later than 60 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Research and Engineering, in consultation with the 
     Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report on the testing 
     capabilities and infrastructure used for hypersonic weapons 
     development. The report shall include--
       (1) an assessment of the sufficiency of the testing 
     capabilities and infrastructure used for fielding hypersonic 
     weapons; and
       (2) a description of any investments in testing 
     capabilities and infrastructure that may be required to 
     support in-flight and ground-based testing for such weapons.

     SEC. 223. DISCLOSURE OF FUNDING SOURCES IN APPLICATIONS FOR 
                   FEDERAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AWARDS.

       (a) Disclosure Requirement.--Each Federal research agency 
     shall require, as part of any application for a research and 
     development award from such agency--
       (1) that each covered individual listed on the 
     application--
       (A) disclose the amount, type, and source of all current 
     and pending research support received by, or expected to be 
     received by, the individual as of the time of the disclosure;
       (B) certify that the disclosure is current, accurate, and 
     complete; and
       (C) agree to update such disclosure at the request of the 
     agency prior to the award of support and at any subsequent 
     time the agency determines appropriate during the term of the 
     award; and
       (2) that any entity applying for such award certify that 
     each covered individual who is employed by the entity and 
     listed on the application has been made aware of the 
     requirements under paragraph (1).
       (b) Consistency.--The Director of the Office of Science and 
     Technology Policy, acting through the National Science and 
     Technology Council and in accordance with the authority 
     provided under section 1746(a) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 42 
     U.S.C. 6601 note) shall ensure that the requirements issued 
     by Federal research agencies under subsection (a) are 
     consistent.
       (c) Enforcement.--
       (1) Rejection for violation of law or agency terms.--A 
     Federal research agency may reject an application for a 
     research and development award if the current and pending 
     research support disclosed by an individual under subsection 
     (a) violates Federal law or agency terms and conditions.
       (2) Enforcement for noncompliance.--Subject to paragraph 
     (3), in the event that a covered individual listed on an 
     entity's application for a research and development award 
     knowingly fails to disclose information under subsection (a), 
     a Federal research agency may take one or more of the 
     following actions:
       (A) Reject the application.
       (B) Suspend or terminate a research and development award 
     made by that agency to the individual or entity.
       (C) Temporarily or permanently discontinue any or all 
     funding from that agency for the individual or entity.
       (D) Temporarily or permanently suspend or debar the 
     individual or entity in accordance with part 180 of title 2, 
     Code of Federal Regulations, any successor regulation, or any 
     other appropriate law or regulation, from receiving 
     government funding.
       (E) Refer the failure to disclose under subsection (a) to 
     the Inspector General of the agency concerned for further 
     investigation or to Federal law enforcement authorities to 
     determine whether any criminal or civil laws were violated.
       (F) Place the individual or entity in the Federal Awardee 
     Performance and Integrity Information System for 
     noncompliance to alert other agencies.
       (G) Take such other actions against the individual or 
     entity as are authorized under applicable law or regulations.

[[Page H6173]]

       (3) Special rule for enforcement against entities.--An 
     enforcement action described in paragraph (2) may be taken 
     against an entity only in a case in which--
       (A) the entity did not meet the requirements of subsection 
     (a)(2);
       (B) the entity knew that a covered individual failed to 
     disclose information under subsection (a)(1) and the entity 
     did not take steps to remedy such nondisclosure before the 
     application was submitted; or
       (C) the head of the Federal research agency concerned 
     determines that--
       (i) the entity is owned, controlled, or substantially 
     influenced by a covered individual; and
       (ii) such individual knowingly failed to disclose 
     information under subsection (a)(1).
       (4) Notice.--A Federal research agency that intends to take 
     action under paragraph (1) or (2) shall, as practicable and 
     in accordance with part 180 of title 2, Code of Federal 
     Regulations, any successor regulation, or any other 
     appropriate law or regulation, notify each individual or 
     entity subject to such action about the specific reason for 
     the action, and shall provide such individuals and entities 
     with the opportunity to, and a process by which, to contest 
     the proposed action.
       (5) Evidentiary standards.--A Federal research agency 
     seeking suspension or debarment under paragraph (2)(D) shall 
     abide by the procedures and evidentiary standards set forth 
     in part 180 of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations, any 
     successor regulation, or any other appropriate law or 
     regulation.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered individual'' means an individual 
     who--
       (A) contributes in a substantive, meaningful way to the 
     scientific development or execution of a research and 
     development project proposed to be carried out with a 
     research and development award from a Federal research 
     agency; and
       (B) is designated as a covered individual by the Federal 
     research agency concerned.
       (2) The term ``current and pending research support''--
       (A) means all resources made available, or expected to be 
     made available, to an individual in support of the 
     individual's research and development efforts, regardless 
     of--
       (i) whether the source of the resource is foreign or 
     domestic;
       (ii) whether the resource is made available through the 
     entity applying for a research and development award or 
     directly to the individual; or
       (iii) whether the resource has monetary value; and
       (B) includes in-kind contributions requiring a commitment 
     of time and directly supporting the individual's research and 
     development efforts, such as the provision of office or 
     laboratory space, equipment, supplies, employees, or 
     students.
       (3) The term ``entity'' means an entity that has applied 
     for or received a research and development award from a 
     Federal research agency.
       (4) The term ``Federal research agency'' means any Federal 
     agency with an annual extramural research expenditure of over 
     $100,000,000.
       (5) The term ``research and development award'' means 
     support provided to an individual or entity by a Federal 
     research agency to carry out research and development 
     activities, which may include support in the form of a grant, 
     contract, cooperative agreement, or other such transaction. 
     The term does not include a grant, contract, agreement or 
     other transaction for the procurement of goods or services to 
     meet the administrative needs of a Federal research agency.

     SEC. 224. GOVERNANCE OF FIFTH-GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORKING 
                   IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Transition of 5G Wireless Networking to Operational 
     Use.--
       (1) Transition plan required.--The Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering, in consultation with 
     the cross functional team established under subsection (c), 
     shall develop a plan to transition fifth-generation (commonly 
     known as ``5G'') wireless technology to operational use 
     within the Department of Defense.
       (2) Elements.--The transition plan under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following:
       (A) A timeline for the transition of responsibility for 5G 
     wireless networking to the Chief Information Officer, as 
     required under subsection (b)(1).
       (B) A description of the roles and responsibilities of the 
     organizations and elements of the Department of Defense with 
     respect to the acquisition, sustainment, and operation of 5G 
     wireless networking for the Department, as determined by the 
     Secretary of Defense in accordance with subsection (d).
       (3) Interim briefing.--Not later than March 31, 2021 the 
     Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional 
     defense committees a briefing on the status of the plan 
     required under paragraph (1).
       (4) Final report.--Not later than September 30, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report that includes the plan developed 
     under paragraph (1).
       (b) Senior Official for 5G Wireless Networking.--
       (1) Designation of chief information officer.--Not later 
     than October 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     designate the Chief Information Officer as the senior 
     official within Department of Defense with primary 
     responsibility for--
       (A) policy, oversight, guidance, research, and coordination 
     on matters relating to 5G wireless networking; and
       (B) making proposals to the Secretary on governance, 
     management, and organizational policy for 5G wireless 
     networking.
       (2) Role of under secretary of defense for research and 
     engineering.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering shall carry out the responsibilities specified in 
     paragraph (1) until the date on which the Secretary of 
     Defense designates the Chief Information Officer as the 
     senior official responsible for 5G wireless networking under 
     such paragraph.
       (c) Cross-functional Team for 5G Wireless Networking.--
       (1) Establishment.--Using the authority provided under 
     section 911(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), 
     the Secretary of Defense shall establish a cross-functional 
     team for 5G wireless networking.
       (2) Duties.--The duties of the cross-functional team 
     established under paragraph (1) shall be--
       (A) to assist the Secretary of Defense in determining the 
     roles and responsibilities of the organizations and elements 
     of the Department of Defense with respect to the acquisition, 
     sustainment, and operation of 5G wireless networking, as 
     required under subsection (d);
       (B) to assist the senior official responsible for 5G 
     wireless networking in carrying out the responsibilities 
     assigned to such official under subsection (b);
       (C) to oversee the implementation of the strategy developed 
     under section 254 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2223a 
     note) for harnessing 5G wireless networking technologies, 
     coordinated across all relevant elements of the Department;
       (D) to advance the adoption of commercially available, 
     next-generation wireless communication technologies, 
     capabilities, security, and applications by the Department 
     and the defense industrial base; and
       (E) to support public-private partnerships between the 
     Department and industry on matters relating to 5G wireless 
     networking;
       (F) to coordinate research and development, implementation 
     and acquisition activities, warfighting concept development, 
     spectrum policy, industrial policy and commercial outreach 
     and partnership relating to 5G wireless networking in the 
     Department, and interagency and international engagement;
       (G) to integrate the Department's 5G wireless networking 
     programs and policies with major initiatives, programs, and 
     policies of the Department relating to secure 
     microelectronics and command and control; and
       (H) to oversee, coordinate, execute, and lead initiatives 
     to advance 5G wireless network technologies and associated 
     applications developed for the Department.
       (3) Team leader.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering shall lead the cross-functional team 
     established under paragraph (1) until the date on which the 
     Secretary of Defense designates the Chief Information Officer 
     as the senior official responsible for 5G wireless networking 
     as required under subsection (b)(1). Beginning on the date of 
     such designation, the Chief Information Officer shall lead 
     the cross functional team.
       (d) Determination of Organizational Roles and 
     Responsibilities.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the cross-functional team established under subsection (c), 
     shall determine the roles and responsibilities of the 
     organizations and elements of the Department of Defense with 
     respect to the acquisition, sustainment, and operation of 5G 
     wireless networking for the Department, including the roles 
     and responsibilities of the Office of the Secretary of 
     Defense, the intelligence components of the Department, 
     Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities, 
     the Armed Forces, combatant commands, and the Joint Staff.
       (e) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the 
     progress of the Secretary in--
       (1) establishing the cross-functional team under subsection 
     (c); and
       (2) determining the roles and responsibilities of the 
     organizations and elements of the Department of Defense with 
     respect to 5G wireless networking as required under 
     subsection (d).
       (f) 5G Procurement Decisions.--Each Secretary of a military 
     department shall be responsible for decisions relating to the 
     procurement of 5G wireless technology for that department.
       (g) Telecommunications Security Program.--
       (1) Program required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
     out a program to identify and mitigate vulnerabilities in the 
     5G telecommunications infrastructure of the Department of 
     Defense.
       (2) Elements.--In carrying out the program under paragraph 
     (1), the Secretary shall--
       (A) develop a capability to communicate clearly and 
     authoritatively about threats by foreign adversaries;
       (B) conduct independent red-team security analysis of 
     systems, subsystems, devices, and components of the 
     Department of Defense including no-knowledge testing and 
     testing with limited or full knowledge of expected 
     functionalities;
       (C) verify the integrity of personnel who are tasked with 
     design fabrication, integration, configuration, storage, 
     test, and documentation of noncommercial 5G technology to be 
     used by the Department;
       (D) verify the efficacy of the physical security measures 
     used at Department locations where system design, 
     fabrication, integration, configuration, storage, test, and 
     documentation of 5G technology occurs;

[[Page H6174]]

       (E) direct the Chief Information Officer to assess, using 
     existing government evaluation models and schema where 
     applicable, 5G core service providers whose services will be 
     used by the Department through the Department's provisional 
     authorization process; and
       (F) direct the Defense Information Systems Agency and the 
     United States Cyber Command to develop a capability for 
     continuous, independent monitoring of non-commercial, 
     government-transiting packet streams for 5G data on 
     frequencies assigned to the Department to validate the 
     availability, confidentiality, and integrity of the 
     Department's communications systems.
       (3) Implementation plan.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to Congress a plan for the implementation of the 
     program under paragraph (1).
       (4) Report.--Not later than 270 days after submitting the 
     plan under paragraph (3), the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to Congress a report that includes--
       (A) a comprehensive assessment of the findings and 
     conclusions of the program under paragraph (1);
       (B) recommendations on how to mitigate vulnerabilities in 
     the telecommunications infrastructure of the Department of 
     Defense; and
       (C) an explanation of how the Department plans to implement 
     such recommendations.
       (h) Rule of Construction.--
       (1) In general.--Nothing in this section shall be construed 
     as providing the Chief Information Officer immediate 
     responsibility for the activities of the Department of 
     Defense in fifth-generation wireless networking 
     experimentation and science and technology development.
       (2) Purview of experimentation and science and technology 
     development.--The activities described in paragraph (1) shall 
     remain within the purview of the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Research and Engineering, but shall inform and be 
     informed by the activities of the cross-functional team 
     established pursuant to subsection (c).

     SEC. 225. DEMONSTRATION PROJECT ON USE OF CERTAIN 
                   TECHNOLOGIES FOR FIFTH-GENERATION WIRELESS 
                   NETWORKING SERVICES.

       (a) Demonstration Project.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     carry out a demonstration project to evaluate the maturity, 
     performance, and cost of covered technologies to provide 
     additional options for providers of fifth-generation wireless 
     network services.
       (b) Location.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
     demonstration project under subsection (a) in at least one 
     location where the Secretary plans to deploy a fifth-
     generation wireless network.
       (c) Coordination.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
     demonstration project under subsection (a) in coordination 
     with at least one major wireless network service provider 
     based in the United States.
       (d) Covered Technologies Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``covered technologies'' means--
       (1) a disaggregated or virtualized radio access network and 
     core in which components can be provided by different vendors 
     and interoperate through open protocols and interfaces, 
     including those protocols and interfaces utilizing the Open 
     Radio Access Network (commonly known as ``Open RAN'' or 
     ``oRAN'') approach; and
       (2) one or more massive multiple-input, multiple-output 
     radio arrays, provided by one or more companies based in the 
     United States, that have the potential to compete favorably 
     with radios produced by foreign companies in terms of cost, 
     performance, and efficiency.

     SEC. 226. RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEPLOYMENT OF 
                   TECHNOLOGIES TO SUPPORT WATER SUSTAINMENT.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall research, 
     develop, and deploy advanced water harvesting technologies to 
     support and improve water sustainment within the Department 
     of Defense and in geographic regions where the Department 
     operates.
       (b) Required Activities.--In carrying out subsection (a), 
     the Secretary shall--
       (1) develop advanced water harvesting systems that reduce 
     weight and logistics support needs compared to conventional 
     water supply systems, including--
       (A) modular water harvesting systems that are easily 
     transportable; and
       (B) trailer mounted water harvesting systems that reduce 
     resupply needs;
       (2) develop and implement storage requirements for water 
     harvesting systems at forward operating bases; and
       (3) establish cross functional teams to identify geographic 
     regions where the deployment of water harvesting systems 
     could reduce conflict and potentially eliminate the need for 
     the presence of the Armed Forces.
       (c) Additional Activities.--In addition to the activities 
     required under subsection (b), the Secretary shall--
       (1) seek to leverage existing water harvesting techniques 
     and technologies and apply such techniques and technologies 
     to military operations carried out by the United States;
       (2) consider using commercially available off-the-shelf 
     items (as defined in section 104 of title 41, United States 
     Code) and near-ready deployment technologies to achieve cost 
     savings and improve the self sufficiency of warfighters; and
       (3) seek to enter into information sharing arrangements 
     with foreign militaries and other organizations that have the 
     proven ability to operate in water constrained areas for the 
     purpose of sharing lessons learned and best practices 
     relating to water harvesting.
       (d) Implementation.--The Secretary shall deploy 
     technologies developed under subsection (b)(1) for use by 
     expeditionary forces not later than January 1, 2025.
       (e) Water Harvesting Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``water harvesting'', when used with respect to a system or 
     technology, means a system or technology that is capable of 
     creating useable water by--
       (1) harvesting water from underutilized environmental 
     sources, such as by capturing water from ambient humidity; or
       (2) recycling or otherwise reclaiming water that has 
     previously been used.

     SEC. 227. LIMITATION ON CONTRACT AWARDS FOR CERTAIN UNMANNED 
                   VESSELS.

       (a) Limitation.--Not less than 30 days before awarding a 
     contract using any funds from the Research, Development, 
     Test, and Evaluation, Navy account for the purchase of a 
     covered vessel, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report and certification 
     described in subsection (c) for such contract and covered 
     vessel.
       (b) Covered Vessels.--For purposes of this section, a 
     covered vessel is one of the following:
       (1) A large unmanned surface vessel (LUSV).
       (2) A medium unmanned surface vehicle (MUSV).
       (c) Report and Certification Described.--A report and 
     certification described in this subsection regarding a 
     contract for a covered vessel is--
       (1) a report--
       (A) submitted to the congressional defense committees not 
     later than 60 days after the date of the completion of an 
     independent technical risk assessment for such covered 
     vessel;
       (B) on the findings and recommendations of the Senior 
     Technical Authority for the class of naval vessels that 
     includes the covered vessel with respect to such assessment; 
     and
       (C) that includes such assessment; and
       (2) a certification, submitted to the congressional defense 
     committees with the report described in paragraph (1), that 
     certifies that--
       (A) the Secretary has determined, in conjunction with the 
     Senior Technical Authority for the class of naval vessels 
     that includes the covered vessel, that the critical mission, 
     hull, mechanical, and electrical subsystems of the covered 
     vessel--
       (i) have been demonstrated in vessel-representative form, 
     fit, and function; and
       (ii) have achieved performance levels equal to or greater 
     than applicable Department of Defense threshold requirements 
     for such class of vessels or have maturation plans in place 
     to achieve such performance levels prior to transition to a 
     program of record, including a detailed description of such 
     achieved performance or maturation plans; and
       (B) such contract is necessary to meet Department research, 
     development, test, and evaluation objectives for such covered 
     vessel that cannot otherwise be met through further land-
     based subsystem prototyping or other demonstration 
     approaches.
       (d) Limitation on Weapon Integration.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary may not integrate any 
     offensive weapon system into a covered vessel until the date 
     that is 30 days after the date on which the Secretary of the 
     Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees 
     that such covered vessel--
       (A) will comply with applicable laws, including the law of 
     armed conflict, with a detailed explanation of how such 
     compliance will be achieved; and
       (B) has been determined to be the most appropriate surface 
     vessel to meet applicable offensive military requirements.
       (2) Completion of analysis of alternatives required.--A 
     determination under paragraph (1)(B) shall be made only after 
     the completion of an analysis of alternatives that--
       (A) is described in subsection (e)(1); and
       (B) supports such determination.
       (e) Submittal of Analysis of Alternatives to Congress.--
       (1) Analysis of alternatives required.--Not later than one 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees an analysis of alternatives regarding covered 
     vessels with an integrated offensive weapon system and the 
     most appropriate surface vessels to meet applicable offensive 
     military requirements.
       (2) Contents.--The analysis submitted under paragraph (1) 
     shall include, at a minimum, the following elements:
       (A) Identification of capability needs applicable to such 
     covered vessels, including offensive strike capability and 
     capacity from the Mark-41 vertical launch system.
       (B) Projected threats.
       (C) Projected operational environments.
       (D) Projected operational concepts.
       (E) Projected operational requirements.
       (F) Status quo (baseline) and surface vessel alternatives 
     able to meet the capability needs identified in subparagraph 
     (A), including--
       (i) modified naval vessel designs, including amphibious 
     ships, expeditionary fast transports, and expeditionary sea 
     bases;
       (ii) modified commercial vessel designs, including 
     container ships and bulk carriers;
       (iii) new naval vessel designs; and
       (iv) new commercial vessel designs.
       (G) Vessel design, performance, and measures of 
     effectiveness of the baseline and each alternative, including 
     a description of critical mission, hull, mechanical, and 
     electrical subsystems.
       (H) Estimated research, development, test, and evaluation 
     cost of baseline and each alternative.
       (I) Estimated lead vessel and average follow-on vessel 
     procurement costs of baseline and each alternative.
       (J) Life-cycle costs of baseline and each alternative.
       (K) Life-cycle cost per baseline vessel and each 
     alternative vessel.
       (L) Life-cycle cost per specified quantity of baseline 
     vessels and alternative vessels.
       (M) Technology readiness assessment of baseline and each 
     alternative.

[[Page H6175]]

       (N) Analysis of alternatives, including relative cost and 
     capability performance of baseline and alternative vessels.
       (O) Trade-off analysis.
       (P) Sensitivity analysis.
       (Q) Conclusions and recommendations, which if the Secretary 
     of Defense deems it appropriate, shall include the 
     determination required under subsection (d)(1)(B).
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``critical mission, hull, mechanical, and 
     electrical subsystems'', with respect to a covered vessel, 
     includes the following subsystems:
       (A) Command, control, communications, computers, 
     intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
       (B) Autonomous vessel navigation, vessel control, contact 
     management, and contact avoidance.
       (C) Communications security, including cryptopgraphy, 
     encryption, and decryption.
       (D) Main engines, including the lube oil, fuel oil, and 
     other supporting systems.
       (E) Electrical generation and distribution, including 
     supporting systems.
       (F) Military payloads.
       (G) Any other subsystem identified as critical by the 
     Senior Technical Authority for the class of naval vessels 
     that includes the covered vessel.
       (2) The term ``Senior Technical Authority'' means, with 
     respect to a class of naval vessels, the Senior Technical 
     Authority designated for that class of naval vessels under 
     section 8669b of title 10, United States Code.

      Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology

     SEC. 231. MODIFICATION OF BIANNUAL REPORT ON THE JOINT 
                   ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CENTER.

       Section 260(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1293) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(11) The results of an assessment, conducted biannually, 
     on the efforts of the Center and the Department of Defense to 
     develop or contribute to the development of standards for 
     artificial intelligence, including--
       ``(A) a description of such efforts;
       ``(B) an evaluation of the need to incorporate standards 
     for artificial intelligence into the strategies and doctrine 
     of the Department and a description of any efforts undertaken 
     to further the development and adoption of such standards;
       ``(C) an explanation of any collaboration on artificial 
     intelligence standards development with--
       ``(i) other organizations and elements of the Department of 
     Defense (including the Defense Agencies and the military 
     departments);
       ``(ii) agencies of the Federal Government;
       ``(iii) the intelligence community;
       ``(iv) representatives of the defense industrial base and 
     other sectors of private industry; and
       ``(v) any other agencies, entities, organizations, or 
     persons the Secretary considers appropriate; and
       ``(D) an explanation of any participation by the Center and 
     the Department of Defense in international or other multi-
     stakeholder standard-setting bodies.
       ``(12) For each member of the Armed Forces who concluded a 
     formal assignment supporting the Center in the period of six 
     months preceding the date of the report, a position 
     description of the billet that the member transitioned into, 
     as provided to the Center by the Armed Force of the member 
     within 30 days of reassignment.
       ``(13) An annual update, developed in consultation with the 
     Armed Forces, on the status of active duty members of the 
     Armed Forces assigned to the Center. This update shall 
     include the following:
       ``(A) An assessment of the effectiveness of such 
     assignments in strengthening the ties between the Center and 
     the Armed Forces for the purposes of--
       ``(i) identifying tactical and operational use cases for 
     artificial intelligence;
       ``(ii) improving data collection relating to artificial 
     intelligence; and
       ``(iii) establishing effective lines of communication 
     between the Center and the Armed Forces to identify and 
     address concerns from the Armed Forces relating to the 
     widespread adoption and dissemination of artificial 
     intelligence.
       ``(B) A description of any efforts undertaken to create 
     opportunities for additional nontraditional broadening 
     assignments at the Center for members of the Armed Forces on 
     active duty.
       ``(C) An analysis of the career trajectories of active duty 
     members of the Armed Forces assigned to the Center, including 
     any potential negative effects of such assignment on the 
     career trajectories of such members.''.

     SEC. 232. MODIFICATION OF JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
                   RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND TRANSITION 
                   ACTIVITIES.

       Section 238 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``acquire,'' before 
     ``develop''; and
       (B) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
       ``(2) Emphasis.--The set of activities established under 
     paragraph (1) shall include--
       ``(A) acquisition and development of mature artificial 
     intelligence technologies in support of defense missions;
       ``(B) applying artificial intelligence and machine learning 
     solutions to operational problems by directly delivering 
     artificial intelligence capabilities to the Armed Forces and 
     other organizations and elements of the Department of 
     Defense;
       ``(C) accelerating the development, testing, and fielding 
     of new artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence-
     enabling capabilities; and
       ``(D) coordinating and deconflicting activities involving 
     artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence-enabled 
     capabilities within the Department.'';
       (2) by striking subsection (e);
       (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (d) and (e), respectively;
       (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(c) Organization and Roles.--
       ``(1) Assignment of roles and responsibilities.--
       ``(A) In general.--In addition to designating an official 
     under subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall assign 
     to appropriate officials within the Department of Defense 
     roles and responsibilities relating to the research, 
     development, prototyping, testing, procurement of, 
     requirements for, and operational use of artificial 
     intelligence technologies.
       ``(B) Appropriate officials.--The officials assigned roles 
     and responsibilities under subparagraph (A) shall include--
       ``(i) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering;
       ``(ii) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment;
       ``(iii) the Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
     Center;
       ``(iv) one or more officials in each military department;
       ``(v) officials of appropriate Defense Agencies; and
       ``(vi) such other officials as the Secretary of Defense 
     determines appropriate.
       ``(2) Role of director of the joint artificial intelligence 
     center.--
       ``(A) Direct report to deputy secretary of defense.--During 
     the covered period, the Director of the Joint Artificial 
     Intelligence Center shall report directly to the Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense without intervening authority.
       ``(B) Continuation.--The Director of the Joint Artificial 
     Intelligence Center shall continue to report to the Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense as described in subparagraph (A) after 
     the expiration of the covered period if, not later than 30 
     days before such period expires, the Deputy Secretary--
       ``(i) determines that the Director should continue to 
     report to Deputy Secretary without intervening authority; and
       ``(ii) transmits notice of such determination to the 
     congressional defense committees.
       ``(C) Covered period defined.--In this paragraph, the term 
     `covered period' means the period of two years beginning on 
     the date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021.'';
       (5) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
       (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
     (A), by inserting ``acquire,'' before ``develop'';
       (B) in the heading of paragraph (2), by striking 
     ``development'' and inserting ``acquisition, development''; 
     and
       (C) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``To the degree practicable, the designated official'' and 
     inserting ``The official designated under subsection (b)'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``development'' and 
     inserting ``acquisition'';
       (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) and (I) as 
     subparagraphs (J) and (K), respectively; and
       (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (G), the following new 
     subparagraphs:
       ``(H) develop standard data formats for the Department 
     that--
       ``(i) aid in defining the relative maturity of datasets; 
     and
       ``(ii) inform best practices for cost and schedule 
     computation, data collection strategies aligned to mission 
     outcomes, and dataset maintenance practices;
       ``(I) establish data and model usage agreements and 
     collaborative partnership agreements for artificial 
     intelligence product development with each organization and 
     element of the Department, including each of the Armed 
     Forces;'';
       (6) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
       (A) by striking ``The Secretary shall'' and inserting ``Not 
     later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of the 
     William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     issue regulations to'';
       (B) by striking ``the coordination described in subsection 
     (b) and the duties set forth in subsection (c)'' and 
     inserting ``the duties set forth in subsection (d)''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``At a 
     minimum, such access shall ensure that the Director of the 
     Joint Artificial Intelligence Center has the ability to 
     discover, access, share, and appropriately reuse data and 
     models of the Armed Forces and other organizations and 
     elements of the Department of Defense, build and maintain 
     artificial intelligence capabilities for the Department, and 
     execute the duties assigned to the Director by the 
     Secretary.''; and
       (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(h) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Defined.--In 
     this section, term `Joint Artificial Intelligence Center' 
     means the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center of the 
     Department of Defense established pursuant to the memorandum 
     of the Secretary of Defense dated June 27, 2018, and titled 
     `Establishment of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center', 
     or any successor to such Center.''.

     SEC. 233. BOARD OF ADVISORS FOR THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL 
                   INTELLIGENCE CENTER.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a board of advisors for the Joint Artificial 
     Intelligence Center.

[[Page H6176]]

       (b) Duties.--The duties of the board of advisors shall 
     include the following:
       (1) Provide independent strategic advice and technical 
     expertise to the Secretary and the Director on matters 
     relating to the development and use of artificial 
     intelligence by the Department of Defense.
       (2) Evaluate and advise the Secretary and the Director on 
     ethical matters relating to the development and use of 
     artificial intelligence by the Department.
       (3) Conduct long-term and long-range studies on matters 
     relating to artificial intelligence, as required.
       (4) Evaluate and provide recommendations to the Secretary 
     and the Director regarding the Department's development of a 
     robust workforce proficient in artificial intelligence.
       (5) Assist the Secretary and the Director in developing 
     strategic level guidance on artificial intelligence-related 
     hardware procurement, supply-chain matters, and other 
     technical matters relating to artificial intelligence.
       (c) Membership.--The board of advisors shall be composed of 
     appropriate experts from academic or private sector 
     organizations outside the Department of Defense, who shall be 
     appointed by the Secretary.
       (d) Chairperson.--The chairperson of the board of advisors 
     shall be selected by the Secretary.
       (e) Meetings.--The board of advisors shall meet not less 
     than once each fiscal quarter and may meet at other times at 
     the call of the chairperson or a majority of its members.
       (f) Reports.--Not later than September 30 of each year 
     through September 30, 2024, the board of advisors shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     summarizes the activities of the board over the preceding 
     year.
       (g) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``artificial intelligence'' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 238(g) of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
       (2) The term ``Director'' means the Director of the Joint 
     Artificial Intelligence Center.
       (3) The term ``Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'' means 
     the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of 
     Defense established pursuant to the memorandum of the 
     Secretary of Defense dated June 27, 2018, and titled 
     ``Establishment of the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
     Center'', or any successor to such Center.
       (4) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Defense.

     SEC. 234. APPLICATION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TO THE 
                   DEFENSE REFORM PILLAR OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE 
                   STRATEGY.

       (a) Identification of Use Cases.--The Secretary of Defense, 
     acting through such officers and employees of the Department 
     of Defense as the Secretary considers appropriate, including 
     the chief data officers and chief management officers of the 
     military departments, shall identify a set of no fewer than 
     five use cases of the application of existing artificial 
     intelligence enabled systems to support improved management 
     of enterprise acquisition, personnel, audit, or financial 
     management functions, or other appropriate management 
     functions, that are consistent with reform efforts that 
     support the National Defense Strategy.
       (b) Prototyping Activities Aligned to Use Cases.--The 
     Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering and in coordination with the 
     Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center and such 
     other officers and employees as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate, shall pilot technology development and 
     prototyping activities that leverage commercially available 
     technologies and systems to demonstrate new artificial 
     intelligence enabled capabilities to support the use cases 
     identified under subsection (a).
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary shall provide to the congressional defense 
     committees a briefing summarizing the activities carried out 
     under this section.

     SEC. 235. ACQUISITION OF ETHICALLY AND RESPONSIBLY DEVELOPED 
                   ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Assessment Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, shall 
     conduct an assessment to determine--
       (A) whether the Department of Defense has the ability, 
     requisite resourcing, and sufficient expertise to ensure that 
     any artificial intelligence technology acquired by the 
     Department is ethically and responsibly developed; and
       (B) how the Department can most effectively implement 
     ethical artificial intelligence standards in acquisition 
     processes and supply chains.
       (2) Elements.--The assessment conducted under paragraph (1) 
     shall address the following:
       (A) Whether there are personnel occupying relevant roles 
     within the Department of Defense who have sufficient 
     expertise, across multiple disciplines (including ethical, 
     legal, and technical expertise)--
       (i) to advise on the acquisition of artificial intelligence 
     technology; and
       (ii) to ensure the acquisition of ethically and responsibly 
     developed artificial intelligence technology.
       (B) The feasibility and advisability of retaining outside 
     experts as consultants to assist the Department in 
     strengthening capacity and filling any gaps in expertise 
     identified under subparagraph (A).
       (C) The extent to which existing acquisition processes 
     encourage or require consultation with relevant experts 
     across multiple disciplines within the Department to ensure 
     that artificial intelligence technology acquired by the 
     Department is ethically and responsibly developed.
       (D) Quantitative and qualitative standards for assessing 
     the extent to which experts across multiple disciplines are 
     engaged in the acquisition of artificial intelligence 
     technology by the department.
       (b) Briefing Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date on 
     which the Secretary of Defense completes the assessment under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide to the 
     congressional defense committees a briefing on the results of 
     the assessment.
       (2) Elements.--The briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, based on the results of the assessment--
       (A) an explanation of whether the Department of Defense has 
     personnel, in the proper roles and with sufficient expertise 
     across multiple disciplines, to ensure the acquisition of 
     ethically and responsibly developed artificial intelligence 
     technology;
       (B) an explanation of whether the Department has adequate 
     procedures to encourage or require the consultation of such 
     experts as part of the acquisition process for artificial 
     intelligence technology;
       (C) an explanation of any procedures the Department has in 
     place to ensure that activities involving artificial 
     intelligence are consistent with the Department's ethical 
     artificial intelligence standards; and
       (D) with respect to any deficiencies identified under 
     subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), a description of any measures 
     that have been taken, and any additional resources that may 
     be needed, to mitigate such deficiencies.

     SEC. 236. STEERING COMMITTEE ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may establish 
     a steering committee on emerging technology and national 
     security threats (referred to in this section as the 
     ``Steering Committee'').
       (b) Membership.--The Steering Committee shall be composed 
     of the following:
       (1) The Deputy Secretary of Defense.
       (2) The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
       (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and 
     Security.
       (4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering.
       (5) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
     Readiness.
       (6) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment.
       (7) The Chief Information Officer.
       (8) Such other officials of the Department of Defense as 
     the Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.
       (c) Responsibilities.--The Steering Committee shall be 
     responsible for--
       (1) developing a strategy for the organizational change, 
     concept and capability development, and technology 
     investments in emerging technologies that are needed to 
     maintain the technological superiority of the United States 
     military as outlined in the National Defense Strategy;
       (2) providing assessments of emerging threats and 
     identifying investments and advances in emerging technology 
     areas undertaken by adversaries of the United States;
       (3) making recommendations to the Secretary of Defense on--
       (A) the implementation of the strategy developed under 
     paragraph (1);
       (B) steps that may be taken to address the threats 
     identified under paragraph (2);
       (C) any changes to a program of record that may be required 
     to achieve the strategy under paragraph (1);
       (D) any changes to the Defense Planning Guidance required 
     by section 113(g)(2)(A) of title 10, United States Code, that 
     may be required to achieve the strategy under paragraph (1); 
     and
       (E) whether sufficient resources are available for the 
     research activities, workforce, and infrastructure of the 
     Department of Defense to support the development of 
     capabilities to defeat emerging threats to the United States; 
     and
       (4) carrying out such other activities as are assigned to 
     the Steering Committee by the Secretary of Defense.
       (d) Emerging Technology Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``emerging technology'' means technology determined to be in 
     an emerging phase of development by the Secretary, including 
     quantum information science and technology, data analytics, 
     artificial intelligence, autonomous technology, advanced 
     materials, software, high performance computing, robotics, 
     directed energy, hypersonics, biotechnology, medical 
     technologies, and such other technology as may be identified 
     by the Secretary.
       (e) Sunset.--This section shall terminate on October 1, 
     2024.

            Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development

     SEC. 241. MEASURING AND INCENTIVIZING PROGRAMMING 
                   PROFICIENCY.

       (a) In General.--Not later than two years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     carry out the following activities:
       (1) Leverage existing civilian software development and 
     software architecture certification programs to implement 
     coding language proficiency and artificial intelligence 
     competency tests within the Department of Defense that--
       (A) measure an individual's competency in using machine 
     learning tools, in a manner similar to the way the Defense 
     Language Proficiency Test measures competency in foreign 
     language skills;
       (B) enable the identification of members of the Armed 
     Forces and civilian employees of the Department of Defense 
     who have varying levels of quantified coding comprehension 
     and skills and a propensity to learn new programming 
     paradigms, algorithms, and data analytics; and
       (C) include hands-on coding demonstrations and challenges.
       (2) Update existing recordkeeping systems to track 
     artificial intelligence and programming

[[Page H6177]]

     certification testing results in a manner that is comparable 
     to the system used for tracking and documenting foreign 
     language competency, and use that recordkeeping system to 
     ensure that workforce coding and artificial intelligence 
     comprehension and skills are taken into consideration when 
     making assignments.
       (3) Implement a system of rewards, including appropriate 
     incentive pay and retention incentives, for members of the 
     Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department of 
     Defense who perform successfully on specific language coding 
     proficiency and artificial intelligence competency tests and 
     make their skills available to the Department.
       (b) Information Sharing With Other Federal Agencies.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall share information on the 
     activities carried out under subsection (a) with the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security, the Attorney General, the 
     Director of National Intelligence, and the heads of such 
     other organizations of the intelligence community as the 
     Secretary determines appropriate, for purposes of--
       (1) making information about the coding language 
     proficiency and artificial intelligence competency tests 
     developed under such subsection available to other Federal 
     national security agencies; and
       (2) encouraging the heads of such agencies to implement 
     tracking and reward systems that are comparable to those 
     implemented by the Department of Defense pursuant to such 
     subsection.
       (c) Special Pay for Programming Language Proficiency 
     Beneficial for National Security Interests.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 81 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1596b the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1596c. Programming language proficiency: special pay 
       for proficiency beneficial for national security interests

       ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, under the sole 
     and exclusive discretion of the Secretary, may pay special 
     pay under this section to an employee of the Department of 
     Defense who--
       ``(1) has been certified by the Secretary to be proficient 
     in a computer or digital programming language identified by 
     the Secretary as being a language in which proficiency by 
     civilian personnel of the Department is necessary because of 
     national security interests; and
       ``(2) is assigned duties requiring proficiency in that 
     programming language.
       ``(b) Rate.--The rate of special pay for an employee under 
     this section shall be prescribed by the Secretary, but may 
     not exceed 20 percent of the employee's rate of basic pay.
       ``(c) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--Special 
     pay under this section is in addition to any other pay or 
     allowances to which the employee is entitled.
       ``(d) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     prescribe regulations to carry out this section.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 81 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 1596b the following new 
     item:
``1596c. Programming language proficiency: special pay for proficiency 
              beneficial for national security interests.''.

     SEC. 242. MODIFICATION OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND RESEARCH 
                   FOR TRANSFORMATION (SMART) DEFENSE EDUCATION 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 2192a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)(1)(B)(i), by inserting ``, including 
     by serving on active duty in the Armed Forces'' after 
     ``Department'';
       (2) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) may establish arrangements so that participants may 
     participate in a paid internship for an appropriate period 
     with an industry sponsor.''; and
       (3) in subsection (f)--
       (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into 
     partnerships with minority institutions of higher education 
     and appropriate public and private sector organizations to 
     diversify the participants in the program under subsection 
     (a).''.

     SEC. 243. IMPROVEMENTS TO TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY 
                   FELLOWSHIP OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Modification Regarding Basic Pay.--Subparagraph (A) of 
     section 235(a)(4) of National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 1580 note 
     prec.) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(A) shall be compensated at a rate of basic pay that is 
     not less than the minimum rate of basic pay payable for a 
     position at GS-10 of the General Schedule (subchapter III of 
     chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code) and not more than 
     the maximum rate of basic pay payable for a position at GS-15 
     of such Schedule; and''.
       (b) Background Checks.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Background check requirement.--No individual may 
     participate in the fellows program without first undergoing a 
     background check that the Secretary of Defense considers 
     appropriate for participation in the program.''.

     SEC. 244. MODIFICATION OF MECHANISMS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO 
                   TECHNICAL TALENT AND EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC 
                   INSTITUTIONS.

       Section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020'' and inserting ``William M. (Mac) 
     Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2021''; and
       (ii) by striking ``not fewer than three'' and inserting 
     ``not fewer than four'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(2) Coordination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
     Secretary of Defense may act through the Defense Advanced 
     Research Projects Agency or any other organization or element 
     of the Department of Defense the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.''; and
       (D) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated, by inserting 
     ``training,'' after ``management,'';
       (2) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in paragraph (28) by striking ``Infrastructure 
     resilience'' and inserting ``Additive manufacturing'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (30) as paragraph (31); and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (29) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(30) 3D and virtual technology training platforms.'';
       (3) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsection 
     (g) and (h), respectively;
       (4) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(f) Requirement To Establish Consortia.--
       ``(1) In general.--In carrying out subsection (a)(1)--
       ``(A) the Secretary of Defense shall seek to establish at 
     least one multi-institution consortium through the Office of 
     the Secretary of Defense;
       ``(B) the Secretary of the Army shall seek to establish at 
     least one multi-institution consortium through the Army;
       ``(C) the Secretary of the Navy shall seek to establish at 
     least one multi-institution consortium through the Navy; and
       ``(D) the Secretary of the Air Force shall seek to 
     establish at least one multi-institution consortium through 
     the Air Force.
       ``(2) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2022, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on the status of the efforts to 
     establish consortia under paragraph (1).''; and
       (5) in subsection (g), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``2022'' and inserting ``2026''.

     SEC. 245. ENCOURAGEMENT OF CONTRACTOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, 
                   ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) PROGRAMS.

       (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering, in coordination with the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall 
     develop programs and incentives to ensure that Department of 
     Defense contractors take appropriate steps to--
       (1) enhance undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral programs 
     in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (in this 
     section referred to as ``STEM'');
       (2) make investments, such as programming and curriculum 
     development, in STEM programs within elementary schools and 
     secondary schools;
       (3) encourage employees to volunteer in elementary schools 
     and secondary schools, including schools that the Secretary 
     of Defense determines serve high numbers or percentages of 
     students from low-income families or that serve significant 
     populations of military dependents, in order to enhance STEM 
     education and programs;
       (4) establish partnerships with appropriate entities, 
     including institutions of higher education for the purpose of 
     training students in technical disciplines;
       (5) make personnel available to advise and assist in STEM 
     educational activities aligned with functions of the 
     Department of Defense;
       (6) award scholarships and fellowships, and establish work-
     based learning programs in scientific disciplines;
       (7) conduct recruitment activities to enhance the diversity 
     of the STEM workforce; or
       (8) make internships available to students of secondary 
     schools, undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral programs in 
     STEM disciplines.
       (b) Award Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish procedures to recognize defense industry 
     contractors that demonstrate excellence in supporting STEM 
     education, partnerships, programming, and other activities to 
     enhance participation in STEM fields.
       (c) Implementation.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Research and Engineering shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the steps taken 
     to implement the requirements of this section.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The terms ``elementary school'' and ``secondary 
     school'' have the meanings given those terms in section 8101 
     of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
     U.S.C. 7801).
       (2) The term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
     meaning given such term in section 101 of the Higher 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
       (e) Conforming Repeal.--Section 862 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 
     U.S.C. note prec. 2191) is repealed.

     SEC. 246. TRAINING PROGRAM FOR HUMAN RESOURCES PERSONNEL IN 
                   BEST PRACTICES FOR TECHNICAL WORKFORCE.

       (a) Pilot Training Program.--

[[Page H6178]]

       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
     Readiness and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, shall develop and implement a pilot program to 
     provide covered human resources personnel with training in 
     public and private sector best practices for attracting and 
     retaining technical talent.
       (2) Training areas.--The pilot program shall include 
     training in the authorities and procedures that may be used 
     to recruit technical personnel for positions in the 
     Department of Defense, including--
       (A) appropriate direct hiring authorities;
       (B) excepted service authorities;
       (C) personnel exchange authorities;
       (D) authorities for hiring special government employees and 
     highly qualified experts;
       (E) special pay authorities; and
       (F) private sector best practices to attract and retain 
     technical talent.
       (3) Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
     metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot program in 
     contributing to the ability of the Department of Defense to 
     attract and retain technical talent.
       (4) Plan required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
     a plan for the implementation of the pilot program.
       (b) Reports.--
       (1) Report on plan.--Not later than one year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     sets forth the plan required under subsection (a)(4).
       (2) Report on pilot program.--Not later than three years 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report on the results of the pilot program.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered human resources personnel'' means 
     members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the 
     Department of Defense, including human resources 
     professionals, hiring managers, and recruiters, who are 
     responsible for hiring technical talent.
       (2) The term ``technical talent'' means individuals with 
     expertise in high priority technical disciplines.
       (d) Termination.--The requirement to carry out the pilot 
     program under this section shall terminate five years after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 247. PILOT PROGRAM ON THE USE OF ELECTRONIC PORTFOLIOS 
                   TO EVALUATE CERTAIN APPLICANTS FOR TECHNICAL 
                   POSITIONS.

       (a) Pilot Program.--Beginning not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall carry out a pilot program under which certain 
     applicants for technical positions within the Department of 
     Defense will be evaluated, in part, based on electronic 
     portfolios of the applicant's work, as described in 
     subsection (b).
       (b) Activities.--Under the pilot program, the human 
     resources manager of each organization of the Department of 
     Defense participating in the program, in consultation with 
     relevant subject matter experts, shall--
       (1) identify a subset of technical positions for which the 
     evaluation of electronic portfolios would be appropriate as 
     part of the hiring process; and
       (2) as appropriate, assess applicants for such positions by 
     reviewing electronic portfolios of the applicants' best work, 
     as selected by the applicant concerned.
       (c) Scope of Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
     out the pilot program under subsection (a) in--
       (1) the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center;
       (2) the Defense Digital Service;
       (3) at least one activity of each military department, as 
     identified by the Secretary of the department concerned; and
       (4) such other organizations and elements of the Department 
     of Defense as the Secretary determines appropriate.
       (d) Report.--Not later than two years after the 
     commencement of the pilot program under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on the results of the program. At 
     a minimum, the report shall--
       (1) describe how the use of electronic portfolios in the 
     hiring process affected the timeliness of the hiring process 
     for technical positions in organizations of the Department of 
     Defense participating in the program;
       (2) assess the level of satisfaction of organization 
     leaders, hiring authorities, and subject matter experts with 
     the quality of applicants who were hired based on evaluations 
     of electronic portfolios;
       (3) identify other job series that could benefit from the 
     use of electronic portfolios in the hiring process;
       (4) recommend whether the use of electronic portfolios in 
     the hiring process should be expanded or made permanent; and
       (5) recommend any statutory, regulatory, or policy changes 
     required to support the goals of the pilot program under 
     subsection (a).
       (e) Technical Position Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``technical position'' means a position in the Department of 
     Defense that--
       (1) requires expertise in artificial intelligence, data 
     science, or software development; and
       (2) is eligible for direct hire authority under section 
     9905 of title 5, United States Code, or section 2358a of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (f) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot 
     program under subsection (a) shall terminate 5 years after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 248. PILOT PROGRAM ON SELF-DIRECTED TRAINING IN ADVANCED 
                   TECHNOLOGIES.

       (a) Online Courses.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
     out a pilot program under which the Secretary makes available 
     a list of approved online courses relating to advanced 
     technologies that may be taken by civilian employees of the 
     Department of Defense and members of the Armed Forces on a 
     voluntary basis while not engaged in the performance of their 
     duties.
       (b) Procedures.--The Secretary shall establish procedures 
     for the development, selection, approval, adoption, and 
     evaluation of online courses under subsection (a) to ensure 
     that such courses are supportive of the goals of this section 
     and overall goals for the training and education of the 
     civilian and military workforce of the Department of Defense.
       (c) Documentation of Completion.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall develop and implement a system--
       (1) to confirm whether a civilian employee of the 
     Department of Defense or member of the Armed Forces has 
     completed an online course approved by the Secretary under 
     subsection (a); and
       (2) to document the completion of such course by such 
     employee or member.
       (d) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
     implement incentives to encourage civilian employees of the 
     Department of Defense and members of the Armed Forces to 
     complete online courses approved by the Secretary under 
     subsection (a).
       (e) Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
     metrics to evaluate whether, and to what extent, the pilot 
     program under this section improves the ability of 
     participants--
       (1) to perform job-related functions; and
       (2) to execute relevant missions of the Department of 
     Defense.
       (f) Advanced Technologies Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``advanced technologies'' means technologies that the 
     Secretary of Defense determines to be in high-demand within 
     the Department of Defense and to which significant research 
     and development efforts are devoted, including technologies 
     such as artificial intelligence, data science, machine 
     learning, fifth-generation telecommunications technology, and 
     biotechnology.
       (g) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
     activities described in subsections (a) through (e) not later 
     than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (h) Sunset.--This section shall terminate on October 1, 
     2024.

     SEC. 249. PART-TIME AND TERM EMPLOYMENT OF UNIVERSITY FACULTY 
                   AND STUDENTS IN THE DEFENSE SCIENCE AND 
                   TECHNOLOGY ENTERPRISE.

       (a) Program Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall establish a program under which opportunities for part-
     time and term employment are made available in the Defense 
     science and technology enterprise for faculty and students of 
     institutions of higher education for the purpose of enabling 
     such faculty and students to carry out research projects in 
     accordance with subsection (b).
       (b) Research Projects.--
       (1) Faculty.--A faculty member who is employed in position 
     made available under subsection (a) shall, in the course of 
     such employment, carry out a research project that--
       (A) relates to a topic in the field of science, technology, 
     engineering, or mathematics; and
       (B) contributes to the objectives of the Department of 
     Defense, as determined by the Secretary of Defense.
       (2) Students.--A student employed in position made 
     available under subsection (a) shall assist a faculty member 
     with a research project described in paragraph (1).
       (c) Selection of Participants.--The Secretary of Defense, 
     acting through the heads of participating organizations in 
     the Defense science and technology enterprise, shall select 
     individuals for participation in the program under subsection 
     (a) as follows:
       (1) Faculty members shall be selected for participation on 
     the basis of--
       (A) the academic credentials and research experience of the 
     faculty member; and
       (B) the extent to which the research proposed to be carried 
     out by the faculty member will contribute to the objectives 
     of the Department of Defense.
       (2) Students shall be selected to assist with a research 
     project under the program on the basis of--
       (A) the academic credentials and other qualifications of 
     the student; and
       (B) the student's ability to fulfill the responsibilities 
     assigned to the student as part of the project.
       (d) Minimum Number of Positions.--
       (1) In general.--During the first year of the program under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall establish not 
     fewer than 10 part-time or term positions for faculty.
       (2) Artificial intelligence and machine learning.--Of the 
     positions established under paragraph (1), not fewer than 
     five such positions shall be reserved for faculty who will 
     conduct research in the area of artificial intelligence and 
     machine learning.
       (e) Authorities.--In carrying out the program under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, or the head of an 
     organization in the Defense science and technology 
     enterprise, as applicable, may--
       (1) use any hiring authority available to the Secretary or 
     the head of such organization, including--
       (A) any hiring authority available under a laboratory 
     demonstration program, including the hiring authority 
     provided under section 2358a of title 10, United States Code;
       (B) direct hiring authority under section 1599h of title 
     10, United States Code; and
       (C) expert hiring authority under section 3109 of title 5, 
     United States Code;

[[Page H6179]]

       (2) enter into cooperative research and development 
     agreements under section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler 
     Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) to enable 
     the sharing of research and expertise with institutions of 
     higher education and the private sector; and
       (3) pay referral bonuses to faculty or students 
     participating in the program who identify--
       (A) students to assist in a research project under the 
     program; or
       (B) students or recent graduates to participate in other 
     programs in the Defense science and technology enterprise, 
     including internships at Department of Defense laboratories 
     and in the Pathways Program of the Department.
       (f) Annual Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     conclusion of the first year of the program under subsection 
     (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the status of 
     the program. The report shall include--
       (A) identification of the number of faculty and students 
     employed under the program;
       (B) identification of the organizations in the Defense 
     science and technology enterprise that employed such 
     individuals; and
       (C) a description of the types of research conducted by 
     such individuals.
       (2) Subsequent reports.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     conclusion of the second and third years of the program under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the progress of 
     the program. Each report shall include--
       (A) the information described in subparagraphs (A) through 
     (C) of paragraph (1);
       (B) the results of any research projects conducted under 
     the program; and
       (C) the number of students and recent graduates who, 
     pursuant to a reference from a faculty member or student 
     participating in the program as described in subsection 
     (e)(3), were hired by the Department of Defense or selected 
     for participation in another program in the Defense science 
     and technology enterprise.
       (g) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``Defense science and technology enterprise'' 
     means--
       (A) the research organizations of the military departments;
       (B) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
     designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
     U.S.C. 2358 note));
       (C) the facilities of the Major Range and Test Facility 
     Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United 
     States Code); and
       (D) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
       (2) The term ``faculty'' means an individual who serves as 
     a professor, researcher, or instructor at an institution of 
     higher education.
       (3) The term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).

     SEC. 250. NATIONAL SECURITY WORKFORCE AND EDUCATIONAL 
                   DIVERSITY ACTIVITIES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
     diversify participation in the Science, Mathematics, and 
     Research for Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program 
     under section 2192a of title 10, United States Code.
       (b) Activities.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall--
       (1) subject to the availability of appropriations for this 
     purpose, set aside funds for financial assistance, 
     scholarships, and fellowships for students at historically 
     Black colleges or universities or at minority institutions of 
     higher education and such other institutions as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate;
       (2) partner with institutions of higher education, and such 
     other public and private sector organizations as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate, to increase diversity of 
     participants in the program described in subsection (a);
       (3) establish individual and organizational incentives, and 
     such other activities as the Secretary considers appropriate, 
     to increase diversity of student participation in the program 
     described in subsection (a);
       (4) increase awareness of opportunities to participate in 
     the program described in subsection (a);
       (5) evaluate the potential for new programs, fellowships, 
     and other activities at historically Black colleges or 
     universities and minority institutions of higher education to 
     increase diversity in educational and workforce development 
     programs;
       (6) identify potential changes to the program described in 
     subsection (a) that would improve diversity of participants 
     in such program; and
       (7) establish metrics to evaluate success of activities 
     under this section.
       (c) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2024, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report that evaluates the success of 
     activities conducted by the Secretary in increasing diversity 
     in appropriate programs of the Department of Defense and 
     hiring and retaining diverse individuals in the science, 
     mathematics, and research workforce of the public sector.

     SEC. 251. COORDINATION OF SCHOLARSHIP AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS 
                   OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Establishment or Designation of Organization.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall establish or designate an 
     organization within the Department of Defense which shall 
     have primary responsibility for building cohesion and 
     collaboration across the various scholarship and employment 
     programs of the Department.
       (b) Duties.--The organization established or designated 
     under subsection (a) shall have the following duties:
       (1) To establish an interconnected network and database 
     across the scholarship and employment programs of the 
     Department.
       (2) To aid in matching scholarships to individuals pursuing 
     courses of study in high demand skill areas.
       (3) To build a network of current and former program 
     participants for potential engagement or employment with 
     Department activities.
       (c) Annual Listing.--On an annual basis, the organization 
     established or designated under subsection (a) shall publish, 
     on a publicly accessible website of the Department, a listing 
     of scholarship and employment programs carried out by the 
     Department.

     SEC. 252. STUDY ON MECHANISMS FOR ATTRACTING AND RETAINING 
                   HIGH QUALITY TALENT IN THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter 
     into an agreement with an independent academic institution to 
     conduct a study to develop policy options and recommendations 
     for the establishment of a program to attract and retain 
     covered individuals for employment in the Department of 
     Defense.
       (b) Elements.--The study required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) An analysis of mechanisms the Department may use to 
     engage public and private sector organizations to assist in 
     the identification and recruitment of covered individuals for 
     employment in the Department of Defense.
       (2) Identification of statutory, regulatory, and 
     organizational barriers to the development of the program 
     described in subsection (a).
       (3) An analysis of monetary and nonmonetary incentives that 
     may be provided to retain covered individuals in positions in 
     the Department.
       (4) An analysis of methods that may be implemented to 
     ensure appropriate vetting of covered individuals.
       (5) An analysis of the size of a program required to 
     advance the competitiveness of the research, development, 
     test, and evaluation efforts of the Department in the 
     critical technologies identified in the National Defense 
     Strategy.
       (6) The type and amount of resources required to implement 
     the program described in subsection (a).
       (c) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the plan of the Secretary to execute 
     the study required under subsection (a).
       (2) Final report.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the results of the study conducted 
     under subsection (a).
       (d) Covered Individual Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered individual'' means an individual who--
       (1) is engaged in work to promote and protect the national 
     security of the United States;
       (2) is engaged in basic or applied research, funded by the 
     Department of Defense; and
       (3) possesses scientific or technical expertise that will 
     advance the development of critical technologies identified 
     in the National Defense Strategy or the National Defense 
     Science and Technology Strategy, required by section 218 of 
     the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1679).

                   Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry

     SEC. 261. NATIONAL COORDINATING ENTITY FOR SUSTAINABLE 
                   CHEMISTRY.

       (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of enactment of this title, the Director of the Office of 
     Science and Technology Policy shall convene an interagency 
     entity (referred to in this subtitle as the ``Entity'') under 
     the National Science and Technology Council with the 
     responsibility to coordinate Federal programs and activities 
     in support of sustainable chemistry, including those 
     described in sections 263 and 264.
       (b) Coordination With Existing Groups.--In convening the 
     Entity, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
     Policy shall consider overlap and possible coordination with 
     existing committees, subcommittees, or other groups of the 
     National Science and Technology Council, such as--
       (1) the Committee on Environment;
       (2) the Committee on Technology;
       (3) the Committee on Science; or
       (4) related groups or subcommittees.
       (c) Co-chairs.--The Entity shall be co-chaired by the 
     Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and a 
     representative from the Environmental Protection Agency, the 
     National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National 
     Science Foundation, or the Department of Energy, as selected 
     by the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
     Policy.
       (d) Agency Participation.--The Entity shall include 
     representatives, including subject matter experts, from the 
     Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institute of 
     Standards and Technology, the National Science Foundation, 
     the Department of Energy, the Department of Agriculture, the 
     Department of Defense, the National Institutes of Health, the 
     Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and Drug 
     Administration, and other related Federal agencies, as 
     appropriate.
       (e) Termination.--The Entity shall terminate on the date 
     that is 10 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 262. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

       (a) Strategic Plan.--Not later than 2 years after the date 
     of the enactment of this subtitle, the Entity shall--
       (1) consult with relevant stakeholders, including 
     representatives from industry, academia, national labs, the 
     Federal Government, and international entities, to develop 
     and update, as

[[Page H6180]]

     needed, a consensus definition of ``sustainable chemistry'' 
     to guide the activities under this subtitle;
       (2) develop a working framework of attributes 
     characterizing, and metrics for assessing, sustainable 
     chemistry, as described in subsection (b);
       (3) assess the state of sustainable chemistry in the United 
     States as a key benchmark from which progress under the 
     activities described in this title can be measured, including 
     assessing key sectors of the United States economy, key 
     technology platforms, commercial priorities, and barriers to 
     innovation;
       (4) coordinate and support Federal research, development, 
     demonstration, technology transfer, commercialization, 
     education, and training efforts in sustainable chemistry, 
     including budget coordination and support for public-private 
     partnerships, as appropriate;
       (5) identify any Federal regulatory barriers to, and 
     opportunities for, Federal agencies facilitating the 
     development of incentives for development, consideration, and 
     use of sustainable chemistry processes and products;
       (6) identify major scientific challenges, roadblocks, and 
     hurdles to transformational progress in improving the 
     sustainability of the chemical sciences; and
       (7) review, identify, and make effort to eliminate 
     duplicative Federal funding and duplicative Federal research 
     in sustainable chemistry.
       (b) Characterizing and Assessing Sustainable Chemistry.--
     The Entity shall develop a working framework of attributes 
     characterizing, and metrics for assessing, sustainable 
     chemistry for the purposes of carrying out this subtitle. In 
     developing this framework, the Entity shall--
       (1) seek advice and input from stakeholders as described in 
     subsection (c);
       (2) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks 
     characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable 
     chemistry already in use at Federal agencies;
       (3) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks 
     characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable 
     chemistry already in use by international organizations of 
     which the United States is a member, such as the Organisation 
     for Economic Co-operation and Development; and
       (4) consider any other appropriate existing definitions of, 
     or frameworks characterizing and metrics for assessing, 
     sustainable chemistry.
       (c) Consultation.--In carrying out the duties described in 
     subsections (a) and (b), the Entity shall consult with 
     stakeholders qualified to provide advice and information to 
     guide Federal activities related to sustainable chemistry 
     through workshops, requests for information, or other 
     mechanisms as necessary. The stakeholders shall include 
     representatives from--
       (1) business and industry, including trade associations and 
     small- and medium-sized enterprises from across the value 
     chain;
       (2) the scientific community, including the National 
     Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, scientific 
     professional societies, national labs, and academia;
       (3) the defense community;
       (4) State, tribal, and local governments, including 
     nonregulatory State or regional sustainable chemistry 
     programs, as appropriate;
       (5) nongovernmental organizations; and
       (6) other appropriate organizations.
       (d) Report to Congress.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Entity shall submit a report 
     to the Committee on Environment and Public Works, the 
     Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the 
     Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, the 
     Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the 
     Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, and the Committee 
     on Science, Space, and Technology, the Committee on Energy 
     and Commerce, the Committee on Agriculture, the Committee on 
     Education and Labor, and the Committee on Appropriations of 
     the House of Representatives. In addition to the elements 
     described in subsections (a) and (b), the report shall 
     include--
       (A) a summary of federally funded sustainable chemistry 
     research, development, demonstration, technology transfer, 
     commercialization, education, and training activities;
       (B) a summary of the financial resources allocated to 
     sustainable chemistry initiatives by each participating 
     agency;
       (C) an assessment of the current state of sustainable 
     chemistry in the United States, including the role that 
     Federal agencies are playing in supporting it;
       (D) an analysis of the progress made toward achieving the 
     goals and priorities of this subtitle, and recommendations 
     for future program activities;
       (E) an evaluation of steps taken and future strategies to 
     avoid duplication of efforts, streamline interagency 
     coordination, facilitate information sharing, and spread best 
     practices among participating agencies; and
       (F) an evaluation of duplicative Federal funding and 
     duplicative Federal research in sustainable chemistry, 
     efforts undertaken by the Entity to eliminate duplicative 
     funding and research, and recommendations on how to achieve 
     these goals.
       (2) Submission to gao.--The Entity shall also submit the 
     report described in paragraph (1) to the Comptroller General 
     of the United States for consideration in future 
     Congressional inquiries.
       (3) Additional reports.--The Entity shall submit a report 
     to Congress and the Comptroller General of the United States 
     that incorporates the information described in subparagraphs 
     (A), (B), (D), (E), and (F) of paragraph (1) every 3 years, 
     commencing after the initial report is submitted until the 
     Entity terminates.

     SEC. 263. AGENCY ACTIVITIES IN SUPPORT OF SUSTAINABLE 
                   CHEMISTRY.

       (a) In General.--The agencies participating in the Entity 
     shall carry out activities in support of sustainable 
     chemistry, as appropriate to the specific mission and 
     programs of each agency.
       (b) Activities.--The activities described in subsection (a) 
     shall--
       (1) incorporate sustainable chemistry into existing 
     research, development, demonstration, technology transfer, 
     commercialization, education, and training programs, that the 
     agency determines to be relevant, including consideration 
     of--
       (A) merit-based competitive grants to individual 
     investigators and teams of investigators, including, to the 
     extent practicable, early career investigators, for research 
     and development;
       (B) grants to fund collaborative research and development 
     partnerships among universities, industry, and nonprofit 
     organizations;
       (C) coordination of sustainable chemistry research, 
     development, demonstration, and technology transfer conducted 
     at Federal laboratories and agencies;
       (D) incentive prize competitions and challenges in 
     coordination with such existing Federal agency programs; and
       (E) grants, loans, and loan guarantees to aid in the 
     technology transfer and commercialization of sustainable 
     chemicals, materials, processes, and products;
       (2) collect and disseminate information on sustainable 
     chemistry research, development, technology transfer, and 
     commercialization, including information on accomplishments 
     and best practices;
       (3) expand the education and training of students at 
     appropriate levels of education, professional scientists and 
     engineers, and other professionals involved in all aspects of 
     sustainable chemistry and engineering appropriate to that 
     level of education and training, including through--
       (A) partnerships with industry as described in section 264;
       (B) support for the integration of sustainable chemistry 
     principles into chemistry and chemical engineering curriculum 
     and research training, as appropriate to that level of 
     education and training; and
       (C) support for integration of sustainable chemistry 
     principles into existing or new professional development 
     opportunities for professionals including teachers, faculty, 
     and individuals involved in laboratory research (product 
     development, materials specification and testing, life cycle 
     analysis, and management);
       (4) as relevant to an agency's programs, examine methods by 
     which the Federal agencies, in collaboration and consultation 
     with the National Institute of Standards and Technology, may 
     facilitate the development or recognition of validated, 
     standardized tools for performing sustainability assessments 
     of chemistry processes or products;
       (5) through programs identified by an agency, support, 
     including through technical assistance, participation, 
     financial support, communications tools, awards, or other 
     forms of support, outreach and dissemination of sustainable 
     chemistry advances such as non-Federal symposia, forums, 
     conferences, and publications in collaboration with, as 
     appropriate, industry, academia, scientific and professional 
     societies, and other relevant groups;
       (6) provide for public input and outreach to be integrated 
     into the activities described in this section by the 
     convening of public discussions, through mechanisms such as 
     public meetings, consensus conferences, and educational 
     events, as appropriate;
       (7) within each agency, develop or adapt metrics to track 
     the outputs and outcomes of the programs supported by that 
     agency; and
       (8) incentivize or recognize actions that advance 
     sustainable chemistry products, processes, or initiatives, 
     including through the establishment of a nationally 
     recognized awards program through the Environmental 
     Protection Agency to identify, publicize, and celebrate 
     innovations in sustainable chemistry and chemical 
     technologies.
       (c) Limitations .--Financial support provided under this 
     section shall--
       (1) be available only for pre-competitive activities; and
       (2) not be used to promote the sale of a specific product, 
     process, or technology, or to disparage a specific product, 
     process, or technology.

     SEC. 264. PARTNERSHIPS IN SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

       (a) In General.--The agencies participating in the Entity 
     may facilitate and support, through financial, technical, or 
     other assistance, the creation of partnerships between 
     institutions of higher education, nongovernmental 
     organizations, consortia, or companies across the value chain 
     in the chemical industry, including small- and medium-sized 
     enterprises, to--
       (1) create collaborative sustainable chemistry research, 
     development, demonstration, technology transfer, and 
     commercialization programs; and
       (2) train students and retrain professional scientists, 
     engineers, and others involved in materials specification on 
     the use of sustainable chemistry concepts and strategies by 
     methods, including--
       (A) developing or recognizing curricular materials and 
     courses for undergraduate and graduate levels and for the 
     professional development of scientists, engineers, and others 
     involved in materials specification; and
       (B) publicizing the availability of professional 
     development courses in sustainable chemistry and recruiting 
     professionals to pursue such courses.
       (b) Private Sector Participation.--To be eligible for 
     support under this section, a partnership in sustainable 
     chemistry shall include at least one private sector 
     organization.
       (c) Selection of Partnerships.--In selecting partnerships 
     for support under this section, the

[[Page H6181]]

     agencies participating in the Entity shall also consider the 
     extent to which the applicants are willing and able to 
     demonstrate evidence of support for, and commitment to, the 
     goals outlined in the strategic plan and report described in 
     section 262.
       (d) Prohibited Use of Funds.--Financial support provided 
     under this section may not be used--
       (1) to support or expand a regulatory chemical management 
     program at an implementing agency under a State law;
       (2) to construct or renovate a building or structure; or
       (3) to promote the sale of a specific product, process, or 
     technology, or to disparage a specific product, process, or 
     technology.

     SEC. 265. PRIORITIZATION.

       In carrying out this subtitle, the Entity shall focus its 
     support for sustainable chemistry activities on those that 
     achieve, to the highest extent practicable, the goals 
     outlined in the subtitle.

     SEC. 266. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

       Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to alter or 
     amend any State law or action with regard to sustainable 
     chemistry, as defined by the State.

     SEC. 267. MAJOR MULTI-USER RESEARCH FACILITY PROJECT.

       Section 110 of the American Innovation and Competitiveness 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 1862s-2) is amended by striking (g)(2) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(2) Major multi-user research facility project.--The term 
     `major multi-user research facility project' means a science 
     and engineering facility project that exceeds $100,000,000 in 
     total construction, acquisition, or upgrade costs to the 
     Foundation.''.

             Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

     SEC. 271. MODIFICATION TO ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF 
                   OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION.

       Section 139(h)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``Engineering,,'' and inserting 
     ``Engineering,''; and
       (2) by striking ``, through January 31, 2025'' and 
     inserting ``, through January 31, 2026''.

     SEC. 272. MODIFICATION TO TEST RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CENTER 
                   STRATEGIC PLAN REPORTING CYCLE AND CONTENTS.

       (a) Quadrennial Strategic Plan.--Section 196 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsections (c)(1)(C) and (e)(2)(B), by inserting 
     ``quadrennial'' before ``strategic plan''; and
       (2) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in the heading, by inserting ``Quadrennial'' before 
     ``Strategic Plan''; and
       (B) by inserting ``quadrennial'' before ``strategic plan'' 
     each place it occurs.
       (b) Timing and Coverage of Plan.--Subsection (d)(1) of such 
     section, as amended by subsection (a)(2), is further amended, 
     in the first sentence, by striking ``two fiscal years'' and 
     inserting ``four fiscal years, and within one year after 
     release of the National Defense Strategy,''.
       (c) Amendment to Contents of Plan.--Subsection (d)(2)(C) of 
     such section is amended by striking ``based on current'' and 
     all that follows through the end and inserting ``for test and 
     evaluation of the Department of Defense major weapon systems 
     based on current and emerging threats.''.
       (d) Annual Update to Plan.--Subsection (d) of such section 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5)(A) In addition to the quadrennial strategic plan 
     completed under paragraph (1), the Director of the Department 
     of Defense Test Resource Management Center shall also 
     complete an annual update to the quadrennial strategic plan.
       ``(B) Each annual update completed under subparagraph (A) 
     shall include the following:
       ``(i) A summary of changes to the assessment provided in 
     the most recent quadrennial strategic plan.
       ``(ii) Comments and recommendations the Director considers 
     appropriate.
       ``(iii) Test and evaluation challenges raised since the 
     completion of the most recent quadrennial strategic plan.
       ``(iv) Actions taken or planned to address such 
     challenges.''.
       (e) Technical Correction.--Subsection (d)(1) of such, as 
     amended by subsections (a)(2) and (b), is further amended by 
     striking ``Test Resources Management Center'' and inserting 
     ``Test Resource Management Center''.

     SEC. 273. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO ENERGETICS 
                   PLAN TO INCLUDE ASSESSMENT OF FEASIBILITY AND 
                   ADVISABILITY OF ESTABLISHING A PROGRAM OFFICE 
                   FOR ENERGETICS.

       Section 253(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2020 (133 Stat. 1287; Public Law 116-92) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon; and
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and inserting 
     ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) assesses the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing a program office--
       ``(A) to coordinate energetics research; and
       ``(B) to ensure a robust and sustained energetics material 
     enterprise.''.

     SEC. 274. ELEMENT IN ANNUAL REPORTS ON CYBER SCIENCE AND 
                   TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES ON WORK WITH ACADEMIC 
                   CONSORTIA ON HIGH PRIORITY CYBERSECURITY 
                   RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   CAPABILITIES.

       Section 257(b)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1291) is 
     amended by adding at end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(J) Efforts to work with academic consortia on high 
     priority cybersecurity research activities.''.

     SEC. 275. REPEAL OF QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE OPTIONALLY 
                   MANNED FIGHTING VEHICLE PROGRAM.

       Section 261 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1294) is 
     repealed.

     SEC. 276. MICROELECTRONICS AND NATIONAL SECURITY.

       Section 231 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by inserting ``, in collaboration with the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, the 
     Under Secretary for Research and Engineering, and the 
     Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency,'' 
     after ``shall''; and
       (B) by striking ``September 30, 2019'' and inserting ``June 
     1, 2021'';
       (2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraphs:
       ``(10) An approach to ensuring the continuing production of 
     cutting-edge microelectronics for national security needs, 
     including access to state-of-the-art node sizes through 
     commercial manufacturing, heterogeneous integration, 
     advantaged sensor manufacturing, boutique chip designs, and 
     variable volume production capabilities.
       ``(11) An assessment of current microelectronics supply 
     chain management best practices, including--
       ``(A) intellectual property controls;
       ``(B) international standards;
       ``(C) guidelines of the National Institute of Standards and 
     Technology;
       ``(D) product traceability and provenance; and
       ``(E) location of design, manufacturing, and packaging 
     facilities.
       ``(12) An assessment of existing risks to the current 
     microelectronics supply chain.
       ``(13) A description of actions that may be carried out by 
     the defense industrial base to implement best practices 
     described in paragraph (11) and mitigate risks described in 
     paragraph (12).
       ``(14) A plan for increasing commercialization of 
     intellectual property developed by the Department of Defense 
     for commercial microelectronics research and development.
       ``(15) An assessment of the feasibility, usefulness, 
     efficacy, and cost of--
       ``(A) developing a national laboratory exclusively focused 
     on the research and development of microelectronics to serve 
     as a center for Federal Government expertise in high-
     performing, trusted microelectronics and as a hub for Federal 
     Government research into breakthrough microelectronics-
     related technologies; and
       ``(B) incorporating into such national laboratory a 
     commercial incubator to provide early-stage microelectronics 
     startups, which face difficulties scaling due to the high 
     costs of microelectronics design and fabrication, with access 
     to funding resources, fabrication facilities, design tools, 
     and shared intellectual property.
       ``(16) The development of multiple models of public-private 
     partnerships to execute the strategy, including in-depth 
     analysis of establishing a semiconductor manufacturing 
     corporation to leverage private sector technical, managerial, 
     and investment expertise, and private capital, that would 
     have the authority and funds to provide grants or approve 
     investment tax credits, or both, to implement the strategy.
       ``(17) Processes and criteria for competitive selection of 
     commercial companies, including companies headquartered in 
     countries that are allies or partners with the United States, 
     to provide design, foundry and assembly, and packaging 
     services and to build and operate the industrial capabilities 
     associated with such services.
       ``(18) The role that other Federal agencies should play in 
     organizing and supporting the strategy, including any 
     required direct or indirect funding support, or legislative 
     and regulatory actions, including restricting procurement to 
     domestic sources, and providing antitrust and export control 
     relief.
       ``(19) All potential funding sources and mechanisms for 
     initial and sustaining investments in microelectronics.
       ``(20) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
     determines to be relevant.'';
       (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``September 30, 2019'' 
     and inserting ``June 1, 2021'';
       (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``September 30, 2020'' 
     and inserting ``June 1, 2021''; and
       (5) by redeignating subsection (f) as subsection (g);
       (6) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Submission.--Not later than June 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit the strategy required in 
     subsection (a), along with any views and recommendations and 
     an estimated budget to implement the strategy, to the 
     President, the National Security Council, and the National 
     Economic Council.''.

     SEC. 277. INDEPENDENT EVALUATION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE AND 
                   DIAGNOSTIC TESTING EQUIPMENT.

       (a) Independent Evaluation Required.--The Director of 
     Operational Test and Evaluation shall conduct an independent 
     evaluation of whether covered personal protective and 
     diagnostic testing equipment is operationally effective and 
     suitable to satisfy the specific needs and required 
     protection of the workforce of the Department of Defense.
       (b) Availability of Information.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall provide the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
     with such information as may be necessary for the Director to 
     conduct the evaluations required under subsection (a).

[[Page H6182]]

       (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     completion of each evaluation under subsection (a), the 
     Director of Operational Test and Evaluation shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report on the results 
     of the evaluation.
       (d) Covered Personal Protective and Diagnostic Testing 
     Equipment Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
     personal protective and diagnostic testing equipment'' means 
     any personal protective equipment or diagnostic testing 
     equipment developed, acquired, or used by the Department of 
     Defense--
       (1) in response to COVID-19; or
       (2) as part of any follow-on, long-term acquisition and 
     distribution program for such equipment.

     SEC. 278. ASSESSMENT ON UNITED STATES NATIONAL SECURITY 
                   EMERGING BIOTECHNOLOGY EFFORTS AND CAPABILITIES 
                   AND COMPARISON WITH ADVERSARIES.

       (a) Assessment and Comparison Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering 
     and the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and 
     Security, shall conduct an assessment and direct comparison 
     of capabilities in emerging biotechnologies for national 
     security purposes, including applications in material, 
     manufacturing, and health, between the capabilities of the 
     United States and the capabilities of adversaries of the 
     United States.
       (2) Elements.--The assessment and comparison carried out 
     under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
       (A) An evaluation of the quantity, quality, and progress of 
     United States fundamental and applied research for emerging 
     biotechnology initiatives for national security purposes.
       (B) An assessment of the resourcing of United States 
     efforts to harness emerging biotechnology capabilities for 
     national security purposes, including the supporting 
     facilities, test infrastructure, and workforce.
       (C) An intelligence assessment of adversary emerging 
     biotechnology capabilities and research as well as an 
     assessment of adversary intent and willingness to use 
     emerging biotechnologies for national security purposes.
       (D) An assessment of the analytic and operational subject 
     matter expertise necessary to assess rapidly-evolving foreign 
     military developments in biotechnology, and the current state 
     of the workforce in the intelligence community.
       (E) Recommendations to improve and accelerate United States 
     capabilities in emerging biotechnologies and the associated 
     intelligence community expertise.
       (F) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the assessment carried out under 
     subsection (a).
       (2) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
     be submitted in the following formats--
       (A) unclassified form, which may include a classified 
     annex; and
       (B) publically releasable form, representing appropriate 
     information from the report under subparagraph (A).
       (c) Definition of Intelligence Community.--In this section, 
     the term ``intelligence community'' has the meaning given 
     such term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 
     (50 U.S.C. 3003).

     SEC. 279. ANNUAL REPORTS REGARDING THE SBIR PROGRAM OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, and not later than 120 
     days after the end of each fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023, 
     the Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the 
     Secretary of each military department, shall submit to 
     Congress a report that describes the following:
       (1) The ways in which the Department of Defense is using 
     incentives under section 9(y)(6)(B) of the Small Business Act 
     (15 U.S.C. 638(y)(6)(B)) to increase the number of Phase II 
     SBIR contracts that lead to technology transition into 
     programs of record or fielded systems.
       (2) The extent to which the Department has developed 
     simplified and standardized procedures and model contracts 
     throughout the agency for Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III 
     SBIR awards, as required under section 9(hh)(2)(A)(i) of the 
     Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(hh)(2)(A)(i)).
       (3) The extent to which any incentives described in this 
     section and implemented by the Secretary of Defense have 
     resulted in an increased number of Phase II contracts under 
     the SBIR program of the Department of Defense leading to 
     technology transition into programs of record or fielded 
     systems.
       (4) The extent to which Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III 
     projects under the SBIR program of the Department align with 
     the modernization priorities of the Department.
       (5) Actions taken to ensure that the SBIR program of the 
     Department aligns with the goals of the program, namely--
       (A) to stimulate technological innovation;
       (B) to meet Federal research and development needs;
       (C) to foster and encourage participation in innovation and 
     entrepreneurship by women and socially or economically 
     disadvantaged individuals; and
       (D) to increase private-sector commercialization of 
     innovations derived from Federal research and development 
     funding.
       (6) Any other action taken, and proposed to be taken, to 
     increase the number of Department Phase II SBIR contracts 
     leading to technology transition into programs of record or 
     fielded systems.
       (b) SBIR Defined.--In this section, the term ``SBIR'' has 
     the meaning given the term in section 9(e) of the Small 
     Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e)).

     SEC. 280. REPORTS ON F-35 PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES AND 
                   MITIGATION EFFORTS.

       (a) Study and Report.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall conduct a study to 
     determine the underlying causes of physiological episodes 
     affecting crewmembers of F-35 aircraft.
       (2) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall 
     include--
       (A) an examination of each physiological episode reported 
     by a crewmember of an F-35 aircraft as of the date of the 
     enactment of this Act;
       (B) a determination as to the underlying cause of the 
     episode; and
       (C) an examination of--
       (i) any long-term effects, including potential long-term 
     effects, of the episode; and
       (ii) any additional care an affected crewmember may need.
       (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report that includes--
       (A) the results the study conducted under subsection (a), 
     including a description of each physiological episode 
     examined under the study and an explanation of the underlying 
     cause of the episode;
       (B) a description of any actions that may be taken to 
     address the underlying causes of such episodes, including any 
     resources that may be required to carry out such actions; and
       (C) any other findings and recommendations of the study.
       (b) Annual Reports on Mitigation Efforts.--The Secretary of 
     Defense, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall include with the 
     annual report required by section 224(d) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2059), a detailed description of--
       (1) the efforts of the Department of Defense to address 
     physiological episodes affecting crewmembers of F-35 
     aircraft; and
       (2) the funding allocated for such efforts.

     SEC. 281. REVIEW AND REPORT ON NEXT GENERATION AIR DOMINANCE 
                   CAPABILITIES.

       (a) Reviews.--
       (1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and 
     Program Evaluation shall conduct--
       (A) a non-advocate review of the next generation air 
     dominance initiative of the Air Force;
       (B) a non-advocate review of the next generation air 
     dominance initiative of the Navy; and
       (C) a non-advocate review of the business case analysis 
     developed by the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics regarding the Digital 
     Century Series Aircraft acquisition strategy of the Air 
     Force.
       (2) Elements.--(A) The reviews under paragraphs (1)(A) and 
     (1)(B) shall include an assessment of--
       (i) all risks associated with cost, schedule, development, 
     integration, production, fielding, and sustainment of next 
     generation air dominance capabilities;
       (ii) the technological maturity of significant hardware and 
     software efforts planned or carried out as part of the 
     development of such capabilities; and
       (iii) affordability goals that the Air Force and the Navy 
     (as the case may be) will be required to achieve during 
     development, production, and sustainment activities for such 
     capabilities that will not jeopardize or otherwise be 
     detrimental to other high-priority future capabilities being 
     developed and procured to support and execute other primary 
     core competencies and missions.
       (B) The review under paragraph (1)(C) shall include an 
     assessment of--
       (i) methods, objectives, risks, ground rules, and 
     assumptions;
       (ii) validity, accuracy, and deficiencies in knowledge and 
     data used in support of the analysis;
       (iii) financial and nonfinancial business benefits and 
     impacts;
       (iv) likelihood of risks to materialize; and
       (v) conclusions, recommendations, and any other information 
     the Director believes to be relevant to the review.
       (b) Reports.--The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
     Evaluation shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees--
       (1) a report on the results of the review conducted under 
     subsection (a)(1)(A) with respect to the Air Force;
       (2) a report on the results of the review conducted under 
     subsection (a)(1)(B) with respect to the Navy; and
       (3) a report on the results of the review conducted under 
     subsection (a)(1)(C).

     SEC. 282. PLAN FOR OPERATIONAL TEST AND UTILITY EVALUATION OF 
                   SYSTEMS FOR LOW-COST ATTRIBUTABLE AIRCRAFT 
                   TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.

       Not later than March 1, 2021, the Assistant Secretary of 
     the Air Force for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics 
     shall--
       (1) submit to the congressional defense committees an 
     executable plan for the operational test and utility 
     evaluation of systems for the Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft 
     Technology (LCAAT) program of the Air Force; and
       (2) provide to the congressional defense committees a 
     briefing on the plan so submitted.

     SEC. 283. INDEPENDENT COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EFFORTS BY 
                   CHINA AND THE UNITED STATES TO RECRUIT AND 
                   RETAIN RESEARCHERS IN NATIONAL SECURITY-RELATED 
                   AND DEFENSE-RELATED FIELDS.

       (a) Agreement.--

[[Page H6183]]

       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
     enter into an agreement with the National Academies of 
     Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine for the National 
     Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to perform 
     the services covered by this section.
       (2) Timing.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into the 
     agreement described in paragraph (1) not later than 60 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Review.--
       (1) In general.--Under an agreement between the Secretary 
     and the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
     Medicine under this section, the National Academies of 
     Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine shall carry out a 
     comparative analysis of efforts by China and the United 
     States Government to recruit and retain domestic and foreign 
     researchers and develop recommendations for the Secretary of 
     Defense and the heads of other Federal agencies as 
     appropriate.
       (2) Elements.--The comparative analysis carried out under 
     paragraph (1) and the recommendations developed under such 
     paragraph shall include the following:
       (A) A list of the ``talent programs'' used by China and a 
     list of the incentive programs used by the United States to 
     recruit and retain researchers in fields relating to national 
     security or defense research.
       (B) The types of researchers, scientists, other technical 
     experts, and fields targeted by each talent program listed 
     under subparagraph (A).
       (C) The number of researchers in academia, the Department 
     of Defense Science and Technology Reinvention Laboratories, 
     and national security science and engineering programs of the 
     National Nuclear Security Administration targeted by the 
     talent programs listed under subparagraph (A).
       (D) The number of personnel currently participating in the 
     talent programs listed under subparagraph (A) and the number 
     of researchers currently participating in the incentive 
     programs listed under such subparagraph.
       (E) The incentives offered by each of the talent programs 
     listed under subparagraph (A) and a description of the 
     incentives offered through incentive programs under such 
     subparagraph to recruit and retain researchers, scientists, 
     and other technical experts.
       (F) A characterization of the national security, economic, 
     and scientific benefits China gains through the talent 
     programs listed under subparagraph (A) and a description of 
     similar gains accrued to the United States through incentive 
     programs listed under such subparagraph.
       (G) An assessment of the risks to national security and 
     benefits to the United States of scientific research 
     cooperation between the United States and China, such as that 
     which is performed under the agreement between the United 
     States and the People's Republic of China known as the 
     ``Agreement between the Government of the United States of 
     America and the Government of the People's Republic of China 
     on Cooperation in Science and Technology'', signed in 
     Washington on January 31, 1979, successor agreements, and 
     similar agreements, administered by the Secretary of State 
     and the heads of other Federal agencies.
       (H) A list of findings and recommendations relating to 
     policies that can be implemented by the United States, 
     especially the Department of Defense and other appropriate 
     Federal agencies, to improve the relative effectiveness of 
     United States activities to recruit and retain researchers, 
     scientists, and other technical experts relative to China.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the execution of an agreement under subsection (a), the 
     National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 
     shall--
       (A) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the findings National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, 
     and Medicine with respect to the review carried out under 
     this section and the recommendations developed under this 
     section; and
       (B) make available to the public on a publicly accessible 
     website a version of report that is suitable for public 
     viewing.
       (2) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1)(A) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse 
              for review of mission obstructions.
Sec. 312. Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration Program.
Sec. 313. Extension of real-time sound monitoring at Navy installations 
              where tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 314. Modification of authority for environmental restoration 
              projects of National Guard.
Sec. 315. Modification of authority to carry out military installation 
              resilience projects.
Sec. 316. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
              installations.
Sec. 317. Modification to availability of energy cost savings for 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 318. Increased transparency through reporting on usage and spills 
              of aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 319. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.
Sec. 320. Study on alternatives to address impacts of transboundary 
              flows, spills, or discharges of pollution or debris from 
              the Tijuana River on personnel, activities, and 
              installations of Department of Defense.
Sec. 321. Pilot program on alternative fuel vehicle purchasing.
Sec. 322. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to operational 
              energy improvement.
Sec. 323. Assessment of Department of Defense operational energy usage.
Sec. 324. Improvement of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
              Fund of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 325. Five-year reviews of containment technologies relating to Red 
              Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 326. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished 
              energy for Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center.
Sec. 327. Requirement to update Department of Defense adaptation 
              roadmap.
Sec. 328. Department of Defense report on greenhouse gas emissions 
              levels.
Sec. 329. Objectives, performance standards, and criteria for use of 
              wildlife conservation banking programs.
Sec. 330. Prizes for development of non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting 
              agent.
Sec. 331. Survey of technologies for Department of Defense application 
              in phasing out the use of fluorinated aqueous film-
              forming foam.
Sec. 332. Interagency body on research related to per- and 
              polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Restriction on Department of Defense procurement of certain 
              items containing perfluorooctane sulfonate or 
              perfluorooctanoic acid.
Sec. 334. Research and development of alternative to aqueous film-
              forming foam.
Sec. 335. Notification to agricultural operations located in areas 
              exposed to Department of Defense PFAS use.
Sec. 336. Reporting on energy savings performance contracts.
Sec. 337. Increase in funding for Centers for Disease Control Study on 
              health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
              substances contamination in drinking water.
Sec. 338. Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020.
Sec. 339. Assessment of Department of Defense excess property programs 
              with respect to need and wildfire risk.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 341. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.
Sec. 342. Repeal of sunset for minimum annual purchase amount for 
              carriers participating in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
Sec. 343. Additional elements for inclusion in Navy ship depot 
              maintenance budget report.
Sec. 344. Clarification of limitation on length of overseas forward 
              deployment of currently deployed naval vessels.
Sec. 345. Independent advisory panel on weapon system sustainment.
Sec. 346. Biannual briefings on status of Shipyard Infrastructure 
              Optimization Plan.
Sec. 347. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
              systems.
Sec. 348. Repeal of statutory requirement for notification to Director 
              of Defense Logistics Agency three years prior to 
              implementing changes to any uniform or uniform component.

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

Sec. 351. Chair of Department of Defense explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 353. Assessment of resilience of Department of Defense munitions 
              enterprise.
Sec. 354. Report on safety waivers and mishaps in Department of Defense 
              munitions enterprise.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 361. Pilot program for temporary issuance of maternity-related 
              uniform items.
Sec. 362. Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnerships.
Sec. 363. Biodefense analysis and budget submission.
Sec. 364. Update of National Biodefense Implementation Plan.
Sec. 365. Plans and reports on emergency response training for military 
              installations.
Sec. 366. Inapplicability of congressional notification and dollar 
              limitation requirements for advance billings for certain 
              background investigations.
Sec. 367. Adjustment in availability of appropriations for unusual cost 
              overruns and for changes in scope of work.
Sec. 368. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement security and 
              emergency response recommendations relating to active 
              shooter or terrorist attacks on installations of 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 369. Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
              beverages provided by the Department of Defense.

[[Page H6184]]

Sec. 370. Commission on the naming of items of the Department of 
              Defense that commemorate the Confederate States of 
              America or any person who served voluntarily with the 
              Confederate States of America.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2021 for the use of the Armed Forces and other 
     activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
     expenses, not otherwise provided for, for operation and 
     maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
     4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

     SEC. 311. MILITARY AVIATION AND INSTALLATION ASSURANCE 
                   CLEARINGHOUSE FOR REVIEW OF MISSION 
                   OBSTRUCTIONS.

       Section 183a(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``If the Clearinghouse'' and inserting 
     ``(A) If the Clearinghouse''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) After the Clearinghouse issues a notice under 
     subparagraph (A) with respect to an energy project, the 
     parties should seek to identify feasible and affordable 
     actions that can be taken by the Department, the developer of 
     such energy project, or others to mitigate any adverse impact 
     on military operations and readiness.'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as 
     paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively;
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
     paragraph (4):
       ``(4) If, after issuing the notices of presumed risk 
     required by paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary of Defense 
     later concludes for any reason that the energy project will 
     not have an adverse impact on military readiness, the 
     Clearinghouse shall notify the applicant and the governor in 
     writing of that conclusion.''; and
       (4) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by striking ``Any 
     setback for a project pursuant to the previous sentence shall 
     not be more than what is determined to be necessary by a 
     technical analysis conducted by the Lincoln Laboratory at the 
     Massachusetts Institute of Technology or any successor 
     entity.''.

     SEC. 312. READINESS AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION INTEGRATION 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Use of Funds.--Section 2684a(i) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(3) Funds obligated to carry out an agreement under this 
     section shall be available for use with regard to any 
     property in the geographic scope specified in the agreement--
       ``(A) at the time the funds are obligated; and
       ``(B) in any subsequent modification to the agreement.''.
       (b) Clarification of References to Eligible Entities.--
       (1) Definition.--Subsection (b) of section 2684a of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended, in the matter preceding 
     paragraph (1), by striking ``An agreement under this section 
     may be entered into with'' and inserting ``For purposes of 
     this section, an eligible entity is''.
       (2) Acquisition of property and interests.--Subsection 
     (d)(1) of such section is amended by striking ``the entity or 
     entities'' each place it appears and inserting ``an eligible 
     entity or entities''.
       (3) Retroactive application.--The amendments made by 
     paragraphs (1) and (2) shall apply to any agreement entered 
     into under section 2684a of title 10, United States Code, on 
     or after December 2, 2002.
       (c) Facilitating Agreements With Other Federal Agencies to 
     Limit Encroachments.--Section 2684a(d)(5) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the second sentence of subparagraph (A), by 
     inserting ``or another Federal agency'' after ``to a State'' 
     both places it appears; and
       (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), if all or a portion 
     of the property or interest acquired under the agreement is 
     initially or subsequently transferred to a State or another 
     Federal agency, before that State or other Federal agency may 
     declare the property or interest in excess to its needs or 
     propose to exchange the property or interest, the State or 
     other Federal agency shall give the Secretary concerned 
     reasonable advance notice of its intent. If the Secretary 
     concerned determines it necessary to preserve the purposes of 
     this section, the Secretary concerned may request that 
     administrative jurisdiction over the property be transferred 
     to the Secretary concerned at no cost, and, upon such a 
     request being made, the administrative jurisdiction over the 
     property shall be transferred accordingly. If the Secretary 
     concerned does not make such a request within a reasonable 
     time period, all such rights of the Secretary concerned to 
     request transfer of the property or interest shall remain 
     available to the Secretary concerned with respect to future 
     transfers or exchanges of the property or interest and shall 
     bind all subsequent transferees.''.

     SEC. 313. EXTENSION OF REAL-TIME SOUND MONITORING AT NAVY 
                   INSTALLATIONS WHERE TACTICAL FIGHTER AIRCRAFT 
                   OPERATE.

       Section 325(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by 
     striking ``a 12-month period'' and inserting ``two 12-month 
     periods, including one such period that begins in fiscal year 
     2021''.

     SEC. 314. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL 
                   RESTORATION PROJECTS OF NATIONAL GUARD.

       (a) In General.--Section 2707(e) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Notwithstanding'' and inserting ``(1) 
     Notwithstanding'';
       (2) by inserting ``where military activities are conducted 
     by the National Guard of a State under title 32'' after 
     ``facility''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The Secretary concerned may use the authority under 
     section 2701(d) of this title to carry out environmental 
     restoration projects under paragraph (1).''.
       (b) Correction of Definition of Facility.--Paragraph (1) of 
     section 2700 of such title is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(A) The terms'' and 
     inserting ``The term''; and
       (2) by striking subparagraph (B).

     SEC. 315. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT MILITARY 
                   INSTALLATION RESILIENCE PROJECTS.

       (a) Modification of Authority.--Section 2815 of title 10, 
     United States Code is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``(except as provided 
     in subsections (d)(3) and (e))'' before the period at the 
     end;
       (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``A project'' and 
     inserting ``Except as provided in subsection (e)(2), a 
     project'';
       (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (f); and
       (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsections:
       ``(d) Location of Projects.--Projects carried out pursuant 
     to this section may be carried out--
       ``(1) on a military installation;
       ``(2) on a facility used by the Department of Defense that 
     is owned and operated by a State, the District of Columbia, 
     the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the 
     Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin 
     Islands, even if the facility is not under the jurisdiction 
     of the Department of Defense, if the Secretary of Defense 
     determines that the facility is subject to significant use by 
     the armed forces for testing or training; or
       ``(3) outside of a military installation or facility 
     described in paragraph (2) if the Secretary concerned 
     determines that the project would preserve or enhance the 
     resilience of--
       ``(A) a military installation;
       ``(B) a facility described in paragraph (2); or
       ``(C) community infrastructure determined by the Secretary 
     concerned to be necessary to maintain, improve, or rapidly 
     reestablish installation mission assurance and mission-
     essential functions.
       ``(e) Alternative Funding Source.--(1) In carrying out a 
     project under this section, the Secretary concerned may use 
     amounts available for operation and maintenance for the 
     military department concerned if the Secretary concerned 
     submits a notification to the congressional defense 
     committees of the decision to carry out the project using 
     such amounts and includes in the notification--
       ``(A) the current estimate of the cost of the project;
       ``(B) the source of funds for the project; and
       ``(C) a certification that deferral of the project for 
     inclusion in the next Military Construction Authorization Act 
     would be inconsistent with national security or the 
     protection of health, safety, or environmental quality, as 
     the case may be.
       ``(2) A project carried out under this section using 
     amounts under paragraph (1) may be carried out only after the 
     end of the 7-day period beginning on the date on which a copy 
     of the notification described in paragraph (1) is provided in 
     an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.
       ``(3) The maximum aggregate amount that the Secretary 
     concerned may obligate from amounts available to the military 
     department concerned for operation and maintenance in any 
     fiscal year for projects under the authority of this 
     subsection is $100,000,000.''.
       (b) Consideration of Military Installation Resilience in 
     Agreements and Interagency Cooperation.--Section 2684a of 
     such title is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (2)(B)--
       (i) by striking clause (ii); and
       (ii) in clause (i)--

       (I) by striking ``(i)''; and
       (II) by striking ``; or'' and inserting a semicolon;

       (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) maintaining or improving military installation 
     resilience; or''; and
       (2) by amending subsection (h) to read as follows:
       ``(h) Interagency Cooperation in Conservation and 
     Resilience Programs to Avoid or Reduce Adverse Impacts on 
     Military Installation Resilience and Military Readiness 
     Activities.--In order to facilitate interagency cooperation 
     and enhance the effectiveness of actions that will protect 
     the environment, military installation resilience, and 
     military readiness, the recipient of funds provided pursuant 
     to an agreement under this section or under the Sikes Act (16 
     U.S.C. 670 et seq.) may, with regard to the lands and waters 
     within the scope of the agreement, use such funds to satisfy 
     any matching funds or cost-sharing requirement of any 
     conservation or resilience program of any Federal agency 
     notwithstanding any limitation of such program on the source 
     of matching or cost-sharing funds.''.

     SEC. 316. ENERGY RESILIENCE AND ENERGY SECURITY MEASURES ON 
                   MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 173 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
     2919 the following new section:

     ``Sec. 2920. Energy resilience and energy security measures 
       on military installations

       ``(a) Energy Resilience Measures.--(1) The Secretary of 
     Defense shall, by the end of fiscal

[[Page H6185]]

     year 2030, provide that 100 percent of the energy load 
     required to maintain the critical missions of each 
     installation have a minimum level of availability of 99.9 
     percent per fiscal year.
       ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall issue standards 
     establishing levels of availability relative to specific 
     critical missions, with such standards providing a range of 
     not less than 99.9 percent availability per fiscal year and 
     not more than 99.9999 percent availability per fiscal year, 
     depending on the criticality of the mission.
       ``(3) The Secretary may establish interim goals to take 
     effect prior to fiscal year 2025 to ensure the requirements 
     under this subsection are met.
       ``(4) The Secretary of each military department and the 
     head of each Defense Agency shall ensure that their 
     organizations meet the requirements of this subsection.
       ``(b) Planning.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall require 
     the Secretary of each military department and the head of 
     each Defense Agency to plan for the provision of energy 
     resilience and energy security for installations.
       ``(2) Planning under paragraph (1) shall--
       ``(A) promote the use of multiple and diverse sources of 
     energy, with an emphasis favoring energy resources 
     originating on the installation such as modular generation;
       ``(B) promote installing microgrids to ensure the energy 
     security and energy resilience of critical missions; and
       ``(C) favor the use of full-time, installed energy sources 
     rather than emergency generation.
       ``(c) Development of Information.--The planning required by 
     subsection (b) shall identify each of the following for each 
     installation:
       ``(1) The critical missions of the installation.
       ``(2) The energy requirements of those critical missions.
       ``(3) The duration that those energy requirements are 
     likely to be needed in the event of a disruption or 
     emergency.
       ``(4) The current source of energy provided to those 
     critical missions.
       ``(5) The duration that the currently provided energy would 
     likely be available in the event of a disruption or 
     emergency.
       ``(6) Any currently available sources of energy that would 
     provide uninterrupted energy to critical missions in the 
     event of a disruption or emergency.
       ``(7) Alternative sources of energy that could be developed 
     to provide uninterrupted energy to critical missions in the 
     event of a disruption or emergency.
       ``(d) Testing and Measuring.--(1)(A) The Secretary of 
     Defense shall require the Secretary of each military 
     department and head of each Defense Agency to conduct 
     monitoring, measuring, and testing to provide the data 
     necessary to comply with this section.
       ``(B) Any data provided under subparagraph (A) shall be 
     made available to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Sustainment upon request.
       ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall require that black 
     start exercises be conducted to assess the energy resilience 
     and energy security of installations for periods established 
     to evaluate the ability of the installation to perform 
     critical missions without access to off-installation energy 
     resources.
       ``(B) A black start exercise conducted under subparagraph 
     (A) may exclude, if technically feasible, housing areas, 
     commissaries, exchanges, and morale, welfare, and recreation 
     facilities.
       ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall--
       ``(i) provide uniform policy for the military departments 
     and the Defense Agencies with respect to conducting black 
     start exercises; and
       ``(ii) establish a schedule of black start exercises for 
     the military departments and the Defense Agencies, with each 
     military department and Defense Agency scheduled to conduct 
     such an exercise on a number of installations each year 
     sufficient to allow that military department or Defense 
     Agency to meet the goals of this section, but in any event 
     not fewer than five installations each year for each military 
     department through fiscal year 2027.
       ``(D)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), the Secretary 
     of each military department shall, notwithstanding any other 
     provision of law, conduct black start exercises in accordance 
     with the schedule provided for in subparagraph (C)(ii), with 
     any such exercise not to last longer than five days.
       ``(ii) The Secretary of a military department may conduct 
     more black start exercises than those identified in the 
     schedule provided for in subparagraph (C)(ii).
       ``(e) Contract Requirements.--For contracts for energy and 
     utility services, the Secretary of Defense shall--
       ``(1) specify methods and processes to measure, manage, and 
     verify compliance with subsection (a); and
       ``(2) ensure that such contracts include requirements 
     appropriate to ensure energy resilience and energy security, 
     including requirements for metering to measure, manage, and 
     verify energy consumption, availability, and reliability 
     consistent with this section and the energy resilience 
     metrics and standards under section 2911(b) of this title.
       ``(f) Exception.--This section does not apply to fuels used 
     in aircraft, vessels, or motor vehicles.
       ``(g) Report.--If by the end of fiscal year 2029, the 
     Secretary determines that the Department will be unable to 
     meet the requirements under subsection (a), not later than 90 
     days after the end of such fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     House of Representatives a report detailing--
       ``(1) the projected shortfall;
       ``(2) reasons for the projected shortfall;
       ``(3) any statutory, technological, or monetary impediments 
     to achieving such requirements;
       ``(4) any impact to readiness or ability to meet the 
     national defense posture; and
       ``(5) any other relevant information as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `availability' means the availability of 
     required energy at a stated instant of time or over a stated 
     period of time for a specific purpose.
       ``(2) The term `black start exercise' means an exercise in 
     which delivery of energy provided from off an installation is 
     terminated before backup generation assets on the 
     installation are turned on. Such an exercise shall--
       ``(A) determine the ability of the backup systems to start 
     independently, transfer the load, and carry the load until 
     energy from off the installation is restored;
       ``(B) align organizations with critical missions to 
     coordinate in meeting critical mission requirements;
       ``(C) validate mission operation plans, such as continuity 
     of operations plans;
       ``(D) identify infrastructure interdependencies; and
       ``(E) verify backup electric power system performance.
       ``(3) The term `critical mission'--
       ``(A) means those aspects of the missions of an 
     installation, including mission essential operations, that 
     are critical to successful performance of the strategic 
     national defense mission;
       ``(B) may include operational headquarters facilities, 
     airfields and supporting infrastructure, harbor facilities 
     supporting naval vessels, munitions production and storage 
     facilities, missile fields, radars, satellite control 
     facilities, cyber operations facilities, space launch 
     facilities, operational communications facilities, and 
     biological defense facilities; and
       ``(C) does not include military housing (including 
     privatized military housing), morale, welfare, and recreation 
     facilities, exchanges, commissaries, or privately owned 
     facilities.
       ``(4) The term `energy' means electricity, natural gas, 
     steam, chilled water, and heated water.
       ``(5) The term `installation' has the meaning given the 
     term `military installation' in section 2801(c)(4) of this 
     title.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter I of chapter 173 of such title is 
     amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2919 
     the following new item:
``2920. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
              installations.''.

     SEC. 317. MODIFICATION TO AVAILABILITY OF ENERGY COST SAVINGS 
                   FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       Section 2912(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by inserting ``and, in the case of operational energy, from 
     both training and operational missions,'' after ``under 
     section 2913 of this title,''.

     SEC. 318. INCREASED TRANSPARENCY THROUGH REPORTING ON USAGE 
                   AND SPILLS OF AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM AT 
                   MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2712. Reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-
       forming foam

       ``(a) In General.--Not later than 48 hours after the Deputy 
     Assistant Secretary of Defense for Environment receives 
     notice of the usage or spill of aqueous film forming foam, 
     either as concentrate or mixed foam, at any military 
     installation, the Deputy Assistant Secretary shall submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
     of Representatives notice of a usage or spill of greater than 
     10 gallons of concentrate, or greater than 300 gallons of 
     mixed foam. Each such notice shall include each of the 
     following information:
       ``(1) The name of the installation where the usage or spill 
     occurred.
       ``(2) The date on which the usage or spill occurred.
       ``(3) The amount, type, and specified concentration of 
     aqueous film-forming foam that was used or spilled.
       ``(4) The cause of the usage or spill.
       ``(5) A summary narrative of the usage or spill.
       ``(b) Action Plan.--Not later than 60 days after submitting 
     notice of a usage or spill under subsection (a), the Deputy 
     Assistant Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives an 
     action plan for addressing such usage or spill. The action 
     plan shall include the following:
       ``(1) A description of what actions have been taken to 
     arrest and clean up a spill.
       ``(2) A description of any coordination with relevant local 
     and State environmental protection agencies.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:
``2712. Reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-forming foam.''.

     SEC. 319. NATIVE AMERICAN LANDS ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by section 318(a), is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following new section:

     ``Sec. 2713. Native American lands environmental mitigation 
       program

       ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     establish and carry out a program to mitigate the 
     environmental effects of actions by the Department of Defense 
     on Indian lands and on other locations where the Department, 
     an Indian tribe, and the current land owner agree that such 
     mitigation is appropriate.
       ``(b) Program Activities.--The activities that may be 
     carried out under the program established under subsection 
     (a) are the following:

[[Page H6186]]

       ``(1) Identification, investigation, and documentation of 
     suspected environmental effects attributable to past actions 
     by the Department of Defense.
       ``(2) Development of mitigation options for such 
     environmental effects, including development of cost-to-
     complete estimates and a system for prioritizing mitigation 
     actions.
       ``(3) Direct mitigation actions that the Secretary 
     determines are necessary and appropriate to mitigate the 
     adverse environmental effects of past actions by the 
     Department.
       ``(4) Demolition and removal of unsafe buildings and 
     structures used by, under the jurisdiction of, or formerly 
     used by or under the jurisdiction of the Department.
       ``(5) Training, technical assistance, and administrative 
     support to facilitate the meaningful participation of Indian 
     tribes in mitigation actions under the program.
       ``(6) Development and execution of a policy governing 
     consultation with Indian tribes that have been or may be 
     affected by action by the Department, including training 
     personnel of the Department to ensure compliance with the 
     policy.
       ``(c) Cooperative Agreements.--(1) In carrying out the 
     program established under subsection (a), the Secretary of 
     Defense may enter into a cooperative agreement with an Indian 
     tribe or an instrumentality of tribal government.
       ``(2) Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, a cooperative 
     agreement under this section may be used to acquire property 
     or services for the direct benefit of the United States 
     Government.
       ``(3) A cooperative agreement under this section for the 
     procurement of severable services may begin in one fiscal 
     year and end in another fiscal year only if the total period 
     of performance does not exceed two calendar years.
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `Indian land' includes--
       ``(A) any land located within the boundaries and a part of 
     an Indian reservation, pueblo, or rancheria;
       ``(B) any land that has been allotted to an individual 
     Indian but has not been conveyed to such Indian with full 
     power of alienation;
       ``(C) Alaska Native village and regional corporation lands; 
     and
       ``(D) lands and waters upon which any federally recognized 
     Indian tribe has rights reserved by treaty, Act of Congress, 
     or action by the President.
       ``(2) The term `Indian tribe' means any Indian tribe, band, 
     nation, or other organized group or community, including any 
     Alaska Native village or regional or village corporation as 
     defined in or established pursuant to the Alaska Native 
     Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), which is 
     recognized as eligible for the special programs and services 
     provided by the United States to Indians because of their 
     status as Indians.
       ``(e) Limitation.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     interpreted to require, compel, or otherwise authorize access 
     to any lands without the landowner's consent.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 160 of such title, as amended by section 
     318(b), is further amended by inserting after the item 
     relating to section 2712 the following new item:
``2713. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.''.

     SEC. 320. STUDY ON ALTERNATIVES TO ADDRESS IMPACTS OF 
                   TRANSBOUNDARY FLOWS, SPILLS, OR DISCHARGES OF 
                   POLLUTION OR DEBRIS FROM THE TIJUANA RIVER ON 
                   PERSONNEL, ACTIVITIES, AND INSTALLATIONS OF 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Study.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Administrator of the Environmental 
     Protection Agency, the Secretary of State, and the United 
     States Commissioner of the International Boundary and Water 
     Commission, shall develop criteria for the selection of 
     project alternatives to address the impacts of transboundary 
     flows, spills, or discharges of pollution or debris from the 
     Tijuana River on the personnel, activities, and installations 
     of the Department of Defense.
       (b) Elements.--The projects referred to in subsection (b) 
     shall address the short-term, long-term, primary, and 
     secondary impacts of transboundary flows, spills, or 
     discharges of pollution or debris from the Tijuana River and 
     include recommendations to mitigate such impacts.

     SEC. 321. PILOT PROGRAM ON ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE 
                   PURCHASING.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
     with the Secretary of Energy and the Administrator of the 
     General Services Administration, shall carry out a pilot 
     program under which the Secretary of Defense may, 
     notwithstanding section 400AA of the Energy Policy and 
     Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6374), purchase new alternative 
     fuel vehicles for which the initial cost of such vehicles 
     exceeds the initial cost of a comparable gasoline or diesel 
     fueled vehicle by not more than 10 percent.
       (b) Locations.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
     the pilot program under subsection (a) at not fewer than 2 
     facilities or installations of each military department in 
     the continental United States that--
       (A) have the largest total number of attached noncombat 
     vehicles as compared to other facilities or installations of 
     the Department of Defense; and
       (B) are located within 20 miles of public or private 
     refueling or recharging stations.
       (2) Air force logistics center.--One of the facilities or 
     installations selected under paragraph (1) shall be an Air 
     Force Logistics Center.
       (c) Alternative Fuel Vehicle Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``alternative fuel vehicle'' includes a vehicle that 
     uses--
       (1) a fuel or power source described in the first sentence 
     of section 241(2)of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7581(2)); or
       (2) propane.

     SEC. 322. BUDGETING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RELATING TO 
                   OPERATIONAL ENERGY IMPROVEMENT.

       The Secretary of Defense shall include in the annual budget 
     submission of the President under section 1105(a) of title 
     31, United States Code, a dedicated budget line item for 
     fielding operational energy improvements, including such 
     improvements for which funds from the Operational Energy 
     Capability Improvement Fund have been expended to create the 
     operational and business case for broader employment.

     SEC. 323. ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OPERATIONAL 
                   ENERGY USAGE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     enter into an agreement with a federally funded research and 
     development center with relevant expertise under which such 
     center shall conduct an assessment of Department of Defense 
     operational energy usage, including an agency-wide view and 
     breakdowns of progress by service branch.
       (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
     shall include--
       (1) an analysis of the extent to which the Department of 
     Defense developed an integrated operational energy strategy 
     and the extent to which each of the military departments has 
     implemented such strategy;
       (2) an analysis of the viability of implementing net zero 
     initiatives within the operational energy enterprise without 
     negatively impacting mission capability;
       (3) an analysis of ways to overcome contested logistics 
     challenges such as the tyranny of distance within the United 
     States Indo-Pacific Command, including--
       (A) strategies to improve the energy production, storage, 
     and distribution system that enhance logistics supply chain 
     resiliency; and
       (B) ways to reduce the demand for resupply to decrease the 
     strain on the logistics supply chain; and
       (4) an analysis of the integration between energy offices 
     with program offices, budget, and operational planners within 
     the Department of Defense and military departments, and 
     recommendations for improving coordination.
       (c) Form of Report.--The report required under this section 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 324. IMPROVEMENT OF THE OPERATIONAL ENERGY CAPABILITY 
                   IMPROVEMENT FUND OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Management of the Operational Energy Capability 
     Improvement Fund.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Energy, Installations, and Environment shall exercise 
     authority, direction, and control over the Operational Energy 
     Capability Improvement Fund of the Department of Defense (in 
     this section referred to as the ``OECIF'').
       (b) Alignment and Coordination With Related Programs.--
       (1) Realignment of oecif.--Not later than 60 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall realign the OECIF under the Assistant Secretary of 
     Defense for Energy, Installations, and Environment, with such 
     realignment to include personnel positions adequate for the 
     mission of the OECIF.
       (2) Better coordination with related programs.--The 
     Assistant Secretary shall ensure that the placement under the 
     authority of the Assistant Secretary of the OECIF along with 
     the Strategic Environmental Research Program, the 
     Environmental Security Technology Certification Program, and 
     the Operational Energy Prototyping Program is utilized to 
     advance common goals of the Department, promote 
     organizational synergies, and avoid unnecessary duplication 
     of effort.
       (c) Program for Operational Energy Prototyping.--
       (1) In general.--Commencing not later than 90 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense, through the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Energy, Installations, and Environment, shall carry out a 
     program for the demonstration of technologies related to 
     operational energy prototyping, including demonstration of 
     operational energy technology and validation prototyping.
       (2) Operation of program.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     the program under paragraph (1) operates in conjunction with 
     the OECIF to promote the transfer of innovative technologies 
     that have successfully established proof of concept for use 
     in production or in the field.
       (3) Program elements.--In carrying out the program under 
     paragraph (1) the Secretary shall--
       (A) identify and demonstrate the most promising, 
     innovative, and cost-effective technologies and methods that 
     address high-priority operational energy requirements of the 
     Department of Defense;
       (B) in conducting demonstrations under subparagraph (A)--
       (i) collect cost and performance data to overcome barriers 
     against employing an innovative technology because of 
     concerns regarding technical or programmatic risk; and
       (ii) ensure that components of the Department have time to 
     establish new requirements where necessary and plan, program, 
     and budget for technology transition to programs of record;
       (C) utilize project structures similar to those of the 
     OECIF to ensure transparency and accountability throughout 
     the efforts conducted under the program; and
       (D) give priority, in conjunction with the OECIF, to the 
     development and fielding of clean technologies that reduce 
     reliance on fossil fuels.

[[Page H6187]]

       (4) Tool for accountability and transition.--
       (A) In general.--In carrying out the program under 
     paragraph (1) the Secretary shall develop and utilize a tool 
     to track relevant investments in operational energy from 
     applied research to transition to use to ensure user 
     organizations have the full picture of technology maturation 
     and development.
       (B) Transition.--The tool developed and utilized under 
     subparagraph (A) shall be designed to overcome transition 
     challenges with rigorous and well-documented demonstrations 
     that provide the information needed by all stakeholders for 
     acceptance of the technology.
       (5) Locations.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out the testing 
     and evaluation phase of the program under paragraph (1) at 
     installations of the Department of Defense or in conjunction 
     with exercises conducted by the Joint Staff, a combatant 
     command, or a military department.
       (B) Formal demonstrations.--The Secretary shall carry out 
     any formal demonstrations under the program under paragraph 
     (1) at installations of the Department or in operational 
     settings to document and validate improved warfighting 
     performance and cost savings.

     SEC. 325. FIVE-YEAR REVIEWS OF CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGIES 
                   RELATING TO RED HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE 
                   FACILITY.

       (a) Reviews.--
       (1) Reviews required.--At least once every 5 years, 
     concurrently with the Department of the Navy's Tank Upgrade 
     Alternative (TUA) decision review, the Secretary of the Navy 
     shall conduct a review of available technologies relating to 
     the containment of fuel to determine whether any such 
     technology may be used to improve the containment of fuel 
     with respect to storage tanks located at the Red Hill Bulk 
     Fuel Storage Facility, Hawaii.
       (2) Deadline for initial review.--The Secretary shall 
     conduct the first review under paragraph (1) concurrent with 
     the first TUA decision review conducted after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
       (b) Briefings.--Not later than 60 days after the date on 
     which a review conducted under subsection (a) is completed, 
     the Secretary shall provide to the congressional defense 
     committees a briefing on--
       (1) any technology identified in such review that the 
     Secretary determines may be used to improve the containment 
     of fuel with respect to storage tanks located at the Red Hill 
     Bulk Fuel Storage Facility; and
       (2) the feasibility and cost of implementing any such 
     technology at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
       (c) Termination.--The requirements to conduct reviews under 
     subsection (a) and provide briefings under subsection (b) 
     shall terminate on the date on which the Red Hill Bulk Fuel 
     Storage Facility ceases operation, as determined by the 
     Secretary of the Navy.

     SEC. 326. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR ACQUISITION OF 
                   FURNISHED ENERGY FOR RHINE ORDNANCE BARRACKS 
                   ARMY MEDICAL CENTER.

       None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the 
     Department of Defense may be used to enter into a contract 
     for the acquisition of furnished energy for the new Rhine 
     Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center (hereafter referred to 
     as the ``Medical Center'') before the date on which Secretary 
     of Defense submits to the congressional defense committees a 
     written certification that the Medical Center does not use 
     any energy sourced from inside the Russian Federation as a 
     means of generating the furnished energy.

     SEC. 327. REQUIREMENT TO UPDATE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   ADAPTATION ROADMAP.

       (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives an update 
     to the Department of Defense 2014 Adaptation Roadmap. Such 
     update shall include an outline of the strategy and 
     implementation plan of the Department to address the current 
     and foreseeable effects of extreme weather and sea level 
     fluctuations on the mission of the Department of Defense.
       (b) Elements of Strategy and Implementation Plan.--The 
     strategy and implementation plan required to be included in 
     the update under subsection (a) shall include--
       (1) a description of the overarching approach of the 
     Department to extreme weather, sea level fluctuations, and 
     associated mitigation measures; and
       (2) a discussion of the current and foreseeable effects of 
     extreme weather and seal level fluctuations on--
       (A) plans and operations, including--
       (i) military readiness;
       (ii) increased frequency, if any, of extreme weather 
     events, including flooding, drought, desertification, 
     wildfires, thawing permafrost, hurricanes, and extreme heat;
       (iii) geopolitical instability, if any, caused by climate 
     events, including extreme weather;
       (iv) increased demand, if any for Defense Support for Civil 
     Authorities and disaster or humanitarian relief operations;
       (v) the operating environment of the Arctic and of the 
     strategic and geopolitical implications of an ice-free Arctic 
     Ocean; and
       (vi) alteration or limitation on operation environments;
       (B) training and testing, including--
       (i) changes in land carrying capacity;
       (ii) increased maintenance and repair requirements for 
     equipment and infrastructure;
       (iii) mitigation of heat stress and heat-related illnesses 
     resulting from increasing temperatures;
       (iv) increased dust generation and fire hazards; and
       (v) maintaining testing and training capacity to support 
     increased operations and civil support missions;
       (C) built and natural infrastructure, including--
       (i) military installation resilience, as such term is 
     defined in section 101(e)(8) of title 10, United States Code, 
     of installations both within and outside the United States 
     and its possessions and territories and of the State-owned 
     National Guard installations of the several States;
       (ii) resilience of the air and sea ports of our allies and 
     partners that are critical to the training, deployment, and 
     operations of the Armed Forces of the United States and its 
     allies and partners;
       (iii) resilience of the deployment system and structure of 
     the Department of Defense and of the United States, including 
     the strategic highway network, the strategic rail network, 
     and designated strategic air and sea ports;
       (iv) best practices for modeling and mitigating risks posed 
     to military installations by increased inundation, erosion, 
     flood, wind, and fire damage;
       (v) changing energy demand at military installations to 
     include heating and cooling, particularly in communities 
     experiencing grid stress;
       (vi) disruption and competition for reliable energy and 
     water resources;
       (vii) increased maintenance and sustainment costs;
       (viii) damage to natural and constructed infrastructure 
     from thawing permafrost and sea ice; and
       (ix) the effects of extreme weather and sea level 
     fluctuations on community support infrastructure, including 
     roads, transportation hubs, and medical facilities;
       (D) acquisition and supply chain, including--
       (i) measures to ensure that the current and projected 
     future scale and impacts of extreme weather and sea level 
     fluctuations are fully considered in the research, 
     development, testing, and acquisition of major weapon systems 
     and of associated supplies and equipment;
       (ii) required alterations of stockpiles;
       (iii) reduced or changed availability and access to 
     materials, equipment, and supplies, including water and food 
     sources;
       (iv) disruptions in fuel availability and distribution;
       (v) estimated investments required to address foreseeable 
     costs incurred or influenced by extreme weather and sea level 
     fluctuations for each of the lines of effort in this report, 
     to include extreme weather response, over the next 5, 10, and 
     20 years, with topline estimates and a qualitative discussion 
     of cost drivers for each; and
       (vi) equipment and infrastructure investments required to 
     address a changing Arctic environment; and
       (E) such other matters as the Secretary determines 
     appropriate; and
       (c) Assessments and Projections.--In preparing the update 
     as required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
     consider--
       (1) climate projections from the Global Change Research 
     Office, National Climate Assessment, the National Oceanic and 
     Atmospheric Administration, and other Federal agencies; and
       (2) data on, and analysis of, the national security effects 
     of climate prepared by the Climate Security Advisory Council 
     of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence 
     established pursuant to section 120 of the National Security 
     Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3060) and by other elements of the 
     intelligence community.
       (d) Form.--The update to the adaptation roadmap required 
     under subsection (a) shall be submitted in an unclassified 
     form, but may contain a classified annex. If the Secretary 
     determines that the inclusion of a classified annex is 
     necessary, the Secretary shall conduct an in-person briefing 
     for Members of the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
     and House of Representatives by not later than 90 days after 
     the date of the submission of the update.

     SEC. 328. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORT ON GREENHOUSE GAS 
                   EMISSIONS LEVELS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     House of Representatives and to the Comptroller General a 
     report on the total level of greenhouse gas emissions for 
     each of the last 10 fiscal years. Such emissions levels shall 
     include the agency-wide total, breakdowns by military 
     department, and delineations between installation and 
     operational emissions.
       (b) Form of Report.--The report required under this section 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 329. OBJECTIVES, PERFORMANCE STANDARDS, AND CRITERIA FOR 
                   USE OF WILDLIFE CONSERVATION BANKING PROGRAMS.

       (a) In General.--To ensure opportunities for Department of 
     Defense participation in wildlife conservation banking 
     programs pursuant to section 2694c of title 10, United States 
     Code, the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the 
     Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, 
     shall issue regulations of general applicability establishing 
     objectives, measurable performance standards, and criteria 
     for use, consistent with the Endangered Species Act (16 
     U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), for mitigation banking offsetting 
     effects on a species, or habitat of such species, that is 
     endangered, threatened, a candidate for listing, or otherwise 
     at risk under such Act. To the maximum extent practicable, 
     the regulatory standards and criteria shall maximize 
     available credits and opportunities for mitigation, provide 
     flexibility for characteristics of various species, and apply 
     equivalent standards and criteria to all mitigation banks.

[[Page H6188]]

       (b) Deadline for Regulations.--The Secretary of the 
     Interior, acting through the Director of the United States 
     Fish and Wildlife Service, shall publish an advance notice of 
     proposed rulemaking for the regulations required by 
     subsection (a) by not later than 1 year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 330. PRIZES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF NON-PFAS-CONTAINING FIRE-
                   FIGHTING AGENT.

       (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment and the 
     Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, may 
     carry out a program to award cash prizes and other types of 
     prizes that the Secretary determines are appropriate to 
     recognize outstanding achievements in the development of a 
     non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting agent to replace aqueous 
     film-forming foam with the potential for application to the 
     performance of the military missions of the Department of 
     Defense.
       (b) Competition Requirements.--A program under subsection 
     (a) shall use a competitive process for the selection of 
     recipients of cash prizes. The process shall include the 
     widely-advertised solicitation of submissions of research 
     results, technology developments, and prototypes.
       (c) Limitations.--The following limitations shall apply to 
     a program under subsection (a):
       (1) No prize competition may result in the award of a prize 
     with a fair market value of more than $5,000,000.
       (2) No prize competition may result in the award of more 
     than $1,000,000 in cash prizes without the approval of the 
     Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment.
       (3) No prize competition may result in the award of a 
     solely nonmonetary prize with a fair market value of more 
     than $10,000 without the approval of the Assistant Secretary 
     of Defense for Sustainment.
       (d) Relationship to Other Authority.--A program under 
     subsection (a) may be carried out in conjunction with or in 
     addition to the exercise of any other authority of the 
     Department of Defense.
       (e) Use of Prize Authority.--Use of prize authority under 
     this section shall be considered the use of competitive 
     procedures for the purposes of section 2304 of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (f) PFAS Defined.--In this section, the term ``PFAS'' 
     means--
       (1) man-made chemicals of which all of the carbon atoms are 
     fully fluorinated carbon atoms; and
       (2) man-made chemicals containing a mix of fully 
     fluorinated carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon atoms, 
     and nonfluorinated carbon atoms.
       (g) Termination.--The authority to carry out a program 
     under this section shall terminate on October 1, 2024.

     SEC. 331. SURVEY OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   APPLICATION IN PHASING OUT THE USE OF 
                   FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM.

       (a) Survey of Technologies.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     conduct a survey of relevant technologies, other than fire-
     fighting agent solutions, to determine whether any such 
     technologies are available and can be adapted for use by the 
     Department of Defense to facilitate the phase-out of 
     fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam. The technologies 
     surveyed under this subsection shall include hangar flooring 
     systems, fire-fighting agent delivery systems, containment 
     systems, and other relevant technologies the Secretary 
     determines appropriate.
       (b) Briefing.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide the 
     congressional defense committees a briefing on the results of 
     the survey conducted under subsection (a). The briefing shall 
     include--
       (1) a description of the technologies included in the 
     survey;
       (2) a list of the technologies that were considered for 
     further testing or analysis; and
       (3) any technologies that are undergoing additional 
     analysis for possible application within the Department.

     SEC. 332. INTERAGENCY BODY ON RESEARCH RELATED TO PER- AND 
                   POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

       (a) Establishment.--The Director of the Office of Science 
     and Technology Policy, acting through the National Science 
     and Technology Council, shall establish, or designate, an 
     interagency working group to coordinate Federal activities 
     related to PFAS research and development.
       (b) Agency Participation.--The interagency working group 
     shall include a representative of each of--
       (1) the Environmental Protection Agency;
       (2) the National Institute of Environmental Health 
     Sciences;
       (3) the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry;
       (4) the National Science Foundation;
       (5) the Department of Defense;
       (6) the National Institutes of Health;
       (7) the National Institute of Standards and Technology;
       (8) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration;
       (9) the Department of the Interior;
       (10) the Department of Transportation;
       (11) the Department of Homeland Security;
       (12) the National Aeronautics and Space Administration;
       (13) the National Toxicology Program;
       (14) the Department of Agriculture;
       (15) the Geological Survey;
       (16) the Department of Commerce;
       (17) the Department of Energy;
       (18) the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs;
       (19) the Office of Management and Budget; and
       (20) any such other Federal department or agency as the 
     Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy 
     considers appropriate.
       (c) Co-chairs.--The Interagency working group shall be co-
     chaired by the Director of the Office of Science and 
     Technology Policy and, on a biannual rotating basis, a 
     representative from a member agency, as selected by the 
     Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
       (d) Responsibilities of the Working Group.--The interagency 
     working group established under subsection (a) shall--
       (1) provide for interagency coordination of federally 
     funded PFAS research and development; and
       (2) not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of 
     this Act, develop and make publicly available a strategic 
     plan for Federal support for PFAS research and development 
     (to be updated not less frequently than once every three 
     years) that--
       (A) identifies all current federally funded PFAS research 
     and development, including the nature and scope of such 
     research and development and the amount of funding associated 
     with such research and development during the current fiscal 
     year, disaggregated by agency;
       (B) identifies all federally funded PFAS research and 
     development having taken place in the last three years, 
     excluding the research listed under subparagraph (A), 
     including the nature and scope of such research and 
     development and the amount of funding associated with such 
     research and development during the current fiscal year, 
     disaggregated by agency;
       (C) identifies scientific and technological challenges that 
     must be addressed to understand and to significantly reduce 
     the environmental and human health impacts of PFAS and to 
     identify cost-effective--
       (i) alternatives to PFAS that are designed to be safer and 
     more environmentally friendly;
       (ii) methods for removal of PFAS from the environment; and
       (iii) methods to safely destroy or degrade PFAS;
       (D) establishes goals, priorities, and metrics for 
     federally funded PFAS research and development that takes 
     into account the current state of research and development 
     identified in subparagraph (A) and the challenges identified 
     in subparagraph (C); and
       (E) an implementation plan for Federal agencies and, for 
     each update to the strategic plan under this paragraph, a 
     description of how Federal agencies have been following the 
     implementation plan.
       (e) Consultation.--In developing the strategic plan under 
     subsection (d)(2), the interagency working group shall 
     consult with States, tribes, territories, local governments, 
     appropriate industries, academic institutions and 
     nongovernmental organizations with expertise in PFAS research 
     and development, treatment, management, and alternative 
     development.
       (f) Sunset.--The strategic plan requirement described under 
     section (d)(2) shall cease on the date that is 20 years after 
     the initial strategic plan is developed.
       (g) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) PFAS.--The term ``PFAS'' means--
       (A) man-made chemicals of which all of the carbon atoms are 
     fully fluorinated carbon atoms; and
       (B) man-made chemicals containing a mix of fully 
     fluorinated carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon atoms, 
     and nonfluorinated carbon atoms.
       (2) PFAS research and development defined.--The term ``PFAS 
     research and development'' includes any research or project 
     that has the goal of accomplishing the following:
       (A) The removal of PFAS from the environment.
       (B) The safe destruction or degradation of PFAS.
       (C) The development and deployment of safer and more 
     environmentally friendly alternative substances that are 
     functionally similar to those made with PFAS.
       (D) The understanding of sources of environmental PFAS 
     contamination and pathways to exposure for the public.
       (E) The understanding of the toxicity of PFAS to humans and 
     animals.

     SEC. 333. RESTRICTION ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROCUREMENT OF 
                   CERTAIN ITEMS CONTAINING PERFLUOROOCTANE 
                   SULFONATE OR PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID.

       (a) Prohibition.--The Department of Defense may not procure 
     any covered item that contains perfluorooctane sulfonate 
     (PFOS) or perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).
       (b) Definitions.--In this section, the term ``covered 
     item'' means--
       (1) nonstick cookware or cooking utensils for use in 
     galleys or dining facilities; and
       (2) upholstered furniture, carpets, and rugs that have been 
     treated with stain-resistant coatings.
       (c) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on 
     April 1, 2023.

     SEC. 334. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF ALTERNATIVE TO AQUEOUS 
                   FILM-FORMING FOAM.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the National Institute of Standards and Technology and in 
     consultation with appropriate stakeholders and manufactures, 
     research institutions, and other Federal agencies shall award 
     grants and carry out other activities to--
       (1) promote and advance the research and development of 
     additional alternatives to aqueous film-forming foam (in this 
     section referred to as ``AFFF'') containing per- and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances (in this section referred to as 
     ``PFAS'') to facilitate the development of a military 
     specification and subsequent fielding of a PFAS-free fire-
     fighting foam;

[[Page H6189]]

       (2) advance the use of green and sustainable chemistry for 
     a fluorine-free alternative to AFFF;
       (3) increase opportunities for sharing best practices 
     within the research and development sector with respect to 
     AFFF;
       (4) assist in the testing of potential alternatives to 
     AFFF; and
       (5) provide guidelines on priorities with respect to an 
     alternative to AFFF.
       (b) Additional Requirements.--In carrying out the program 
     required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
       (1) take into consideration the different uses of AFFF and 
     the priorities of the Department of Defense in finding an 
     alternative;
       (2) prioritize green and sustainable chemicals that do not 
     pose a threat to public health or the environment; and
       (3) use and leverage research from existing Department of 
     Defense programs.
       (c) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
     report on--
       (1) the priorities and actions taken with respect to 
     finding an alternative to AFFF and the implementation of such 
     priorities; and
       (2) any alternatives the Secretary has denied, and the 
     reason for any such denial.
       (d) Use of Funds.--This section shall be carried out using 
     amounts authorized to be available for the Strategic 
     Environmental Research and Development Program.

     SEC. 335. NOTIFICATION TO AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS LOCATED IN 
                   AREAS EXPOSED TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PFAS 
                   USE.

       (a) Notification Required.--Not later than 60 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, 
     shall provide a notification described in subsection (b) to 
     any agricultural operation located within one mile down 
     gradient of a military installation or National Guard 
     facility where covered PFAS--
       (1) has been detected in groundwater;
       (2) has been hydrologically linked to a local agricultural 
     or drinking water source, including a water well; and
       (3) is suspected to be, or known to be, the result of the 
     use of PFAS at an installation of the Department of Defense 
     located in the United States or State-owned facility of the 
     National Guard.
       (b) Notification Requirements.--The notification required 
     under subsection (a) shall include the following information:
       (1) The name of the Department of Defense installation or 
     National Guard facility from which the covered PFAS in 
     groundwater originated.
       (2) The specific covered PFAS detected in groundwater.
       (3) The levels of the covered PFAS detected.
       (4) Relevant governmental information regarding the health 
     and safety of the covered PFAS detected, including relevant 
     Federal or State standards for PFAS in groundwater, 
     livestock, food commodities and drinking water, and any known 
     restrictions for sale of agricultural products that have been 
     irrigated or watered with water containing PFAS.
       (c) Additional Testing Results.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall provide to an agricultural operation that receives a 
     notice under subsection (a) any pertinent updated 
     information, including any results of new elevated testing, 
     by not later than 15 days after receiving validated test 
     results.
       (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on 
     Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the 
     Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives a 
     report on the status of providing notice under subsection 
     (a). Such report shall include, for the period covered by the 
     report--
       (1) the approximate locations of such operations relative 
     to installations of the Department of Defense located in the 
     United States and State-owned facilities of the National 
     Guard;
       (2) the covered PFAS detected in groundwater; and
       (3) the levels of covered PFAS detected.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered PFAS'' means each of the following:
       (A) Perfluorooctanoic acid (commonly referred to as 
     ``PFOA'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 335-67-1) detected 
     in groundwater above 70 parts per trillion, individually or 
     in combination with PFOS.
       (B) Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (commonly referred to as 
     ``PFOS'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 1763-23-1) detected 
     in groundwater above 70 parts per trillion, individually or 
     in combination with PFOA.
       (C) Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (commonly referred to as 
     ``PFBS'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 375-73-5) detected 
     in groundwater above 40 parts per billion.
       (2) The term ``PFAS'' means a perfluoroalkyl or 
     polyfluoroalkyl substance with at least one fully fluorinated 
     carbon atom, including the chemical GenX.

     SEC. 336. REPORTING ON ENERGY SAVINGS PERFORMANCE CONTRACTS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(7) A description of the use of energy savings 
     performance contracts (in this paragraph referred to as 
     `ESPCs') by the Department of Defense, including--
       ``(A) the total investment value of the total number of 
     ESPCs per service for the previous five fiscal years;
       ``(B) the location of facilities with ESPCs for the 
     previous five fiscal years;
       ``(C) any limitations on expanding ESPCs throughout the 
     Department of Defense;
       ``(D) the effect ESPCs have on military readiness; and
       ``(E) any additional information the Secretary determines 
     relevant.''.
       (b) Applicability.--The reporting requirement under 
     paragraph (7) of section 2925(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section, applies to 
     reports submitted under such section 2925 for fiscal year 
     2021 and thereafter.

     SEC. 337. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL 
                   STUDY ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND 
                   POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN 
                   DRINKING WATER.

       Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1350) is amended by striking ``$10,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$15,000,000''.

     SEC. 338. GUARANTEEING EQUIPMENT SAFETY FOR FIREFIGHTERS ACT 
                   OF 2020.

       (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the 
     ``Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 
     2020''.
       (b) National Institute of Standards and Technology Study on 
     Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Personal Protective 
     Equipment Worn by Firefighters.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of the National 
     Institute of Standards and Technology shall, subject to 
     availability of appropriations, in consultation with the 
     Director of the National Institute for Occupational Safety 
     and Health, complete a study of the contents and composition 
     of new and unused personal protective equipment worn by 
     firefighters.
       (2) Contents of study.--In carrying out the study required 
     by paragraph (1), the Director of the National Institute of 
     Standards and Technology shall examine--
       (A) the identity, prevalence, and concentration of per- and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances (commonly known as ``PFAS'') in 
     the personal protective equipment worn by firefighters;
       (B) the conditions and extent to which per- and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances are released into the environment 
     over time from the degradation of personal protective 
     equipment from normal use by firefighters; and
       (C) the relative risk of exposure to per- and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances faced by firefighters from--
       (i) their use of personal protective equipment; and
       (ii) degradation of personal protective equipment from 
     normal use by firefighters.
       (3) Reports.--
       (A) Progress reports.--Not less frequently than once each 
     year for the duration of the study conducted under paragraph 
     (1), the Director shall submit to Congress a report on the 
     progress of the Director in conducting such study.
       (B) Final report.--Not later than 90 days after the date on 
     which the Director completes the study required by paragraph 
     (1), the Director shall submit to Congress a report 
     describing--
       (i) the findings of the Director with respect to the study; 
     and
       (ii) recommendations on what additional research or 
     technical improvements to personal protective equipment 
     materials or components should be pursued to avoid 
     unnecessary occupational exposure among firefighters to per- 
     and polyfluoroalkyl substances through personal protective 
     equipment.
       (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated $2,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2021 
     and 2022.
       (c) Research on Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in 
     Personal Protective Equipment Worn by Firefighters.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the submittal of the report required by subsection (b)(3)(B), 
     the Director of the National Institute of Standards and 
     Technology shall, subject to the availability of 
     appropriations--
       (A) issue a solicitation for research proposals to carry 
     out the research recommendations identified in the report 
     submitted under subsection (b)(3)(B); and
       (B) award grants to applicants that submit research 
     proposals to develop safe alternatives to per- and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances in personal protective equipment.
       (2) Criteria.--The Director shall select research proposals 
     to receive a grant under paragraph (1) on the basis of merit, 
     using criteria identified by the Director, including the 
     likelihood that the research results will address the 
     findings of the Director with respect to the study conducted 
     under subsection (b)(1).
       (3) Eligible entities.--Any entity or group of 2 or more 
     entities may submit to the Director a research proposal in 
     response to the solicitation for research proposals under 
     paragraph (1), including--
       (A) State and local agencies;
       (B) public institutions, including public institutions of 
     higher education;
       (C) private corporations; and
       (D) nonprofit organizations.
       (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
     to be appropriated $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2023, 
     $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2024, and $5,000,000 for fiscal 
     year 2025 to carry out this section.
       (d) Authority for Director of the National Institute of 
     Standards and Technology to Consult With Experts on Matters 
     Relating to Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances.--In carrying 
     out this section, the Director of the National Institute of 
     Standards and Technology may consult with Federal agencies, 
     nongovernmental organizations, State and

[[Page H6190]]

     local governments, and science and research institutions 
     determined by the Director to have scientific or material 
     interest in reducing unnecessary occupational exposure to 
     per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances by firefighters.

     SEC. 339. ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXCESS PROPERTY 
                   PROGRAMS WITH RESPECT TO NEED AND WILDFIRE 
                   RISK.

       (a) Assessment of Programs.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, jointly with 
     the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the 
     Forest Service, shall assess the Firefighter Property Program 
     (FFP) and the Federal Excess Personal Property Program (FEPP) 
     implementation and best practices, taking into account 
     community need and risk, including whether a community is an 
     at-risk community (as defined in section 101(1) of the 
     Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6511(1)).
       (2) Collaboration.--In carrying out the assessment required 
     under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, and the 
     Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the 
     Forest Service, shall consult with State foresters and 
     participants in the programs described in such paragraph.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, jointly 
     with the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Chief 
     of the Forest Service, shall submit to the Committee on Armed 
     Services and the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services and the 
     Committee on Agriculture, Forestry, and Nutrition of the 
     Senate a report on the assessment required under paragraph 
     (1) of subsection (a) and any findings and recommendations 
     with respect to the programs described in such paragraph.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

     SEC. 341. NATIONAL DEFENSE SUSTAINMENT AND LOGISTICS REVIEW.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting after section 118 the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 118a. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics 
       Review

       ``(a) Review Required.--Upon submission of each national 
     defense strategy under section 113(g) of this title, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall conduct a comprehensive review of 
     the sustainment and logistics requirements necessary to 
     support the force structure, force modernization, 
     infrastructure, force deployment capabilities, and other 
     elements of the defense program and policies of the United 
     States during the subsequent 5-, 10-, and 25-year periods. 
     Each such review shall be known as the `National Defense 
     Sustainment and Logistics Review'. Each such review shall be 
     conducted in consultation with the Secretaries of the 
     military departments, the Chiefs of Staff of the Armed 
     Forces, all functional and geographic combatant commanders, 
     and the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency.
       ``(b) Report to Congress.--(1) Not later than the first 
     Monday in February of the year following the fiscal year 
     during which the National Defense Strategy was submitted 
     under section 113(g) of this title, the Secretary shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the review required by subsection (a). Each such report shall 
     include each of the following:
       ``(A) An assessment of the strategic, operational, and 
     tactical maritime logistics force (including non-military 
     assets provided by Military Sealift Command, the Maritime 
     Administration, and through the Voluntary Intermodal Sealift 
     Agreement and Voluntary Tanker Agreement) required to support 
     sealift, at sea logistics, and over-the-shore logistics of 
     forces to meet steady state and contingency requirements and 
     the strategic and intra-theater movement of supplies, 
     personnel, and equipment.
       ``(B) An assessment of the strategic, operational, and 
     tactical airlift and tankers (including non-military assets 
     provided by the Civil Reserve Air Fleet) required to meet 
     steady state and contingency requirements.
       ``(C) An assessment of the location, configuration, 
     material condition, and inventory of prepositioned materiel, 
     equipment, and war reserves programs, as well as the ability 
     to store and distribute these items to deployed military 
     forces, required to meet steady state and contingency 
     requirements.
       ``(D) An assessment of the location, infrastructure, and 
     storage capacity for petroleum, oil, and lubricant products, 
     as well as the ability to store, transport, and distribute 
     such products from storage supply points to deployed military 
     forces, required to meet steady state and contingency 
     requirements.
       ``(E) An assessment of the capabilities, capacity, and 
     infrastructure of the Department of Defense organic 
     industrial base and private sector industrial base required 
     to meet steady-state and surge software and depot maintenance 
     requirements.
       ``(F) An assessment of the production capability, capacity, 
     and infrastructure, of the Department of Defense organic 
     industrial base and private sector industrial base required 
     to meet steady-state and surge production requirements for 
     ammunition and other military munitions.
       ``(G) An assessment of the condition, capacity, location, 
     and survivability under likely threats of military 
     infrastructure located both inside the continental United 
     States and outside the continental United States, including 
     agreements with and infrastructure provided by international 
     partners, required to generate, project, and sustain military 
     forces to meet steady-state and contingency requirements.
       ``(H) An assessment of the cybersecurity risks to military 
     and commercial logistics networks and information technology 
     systems.
       ``(I) An assessment of the gaps between the requirements 
     identified under subparagraphs (A) through (H) compared to 
     the actual force structure and infrastructure capabilities, 
     capacity, and posture and the risks associated with each gap 
     as it relates to the ability to meet the national defense 
     strategy.
       ``(J) A discussion of the identified mitigations being 
     pursued to address each gap and risk identified under 
     subparagraph (I) as well as the initiatives and resources 
     planned to address such gaps, as included in the Department 
     of Defense budget request submitted during the same year as 
     the report and the applicable future-years defense program.
       ``(K) An assessment of the extent to which wargames 
     incorporate logistics capabilities and threats and a 
     description of the logistics constraints and restraints to 
     operations identified through such wargames.
       ``(L) An assessment of the ability of the Department of 
     Defense, the Armed Forces, and the combatant commands to 
     leverage and integrate emergent logistics related 
     technologies and advanced computing systems.
       ``(M) Such other matters the Secretary of Defense considers 
     appropriate.
       ``(2) In preparing the report under paragraph (1), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall consult with, and consider the 
     recommendations of, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
     Staff.
       ``(3) The report required under this subsection shall be 
     submitted in classified form and shall include an 
     unclassified summary.
       ``(c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date on which Secretary submits each report 
     required under subsection (b), the Comptroller General shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     includes an assessment of each of the following:
       ``(1) Whether the report includes each of the elements 
     referred to in subsection (b).
       ``(2) The strengths and weaknesses of the approach and 
     methodology used in conducting the review required under 
     subsection (a) that is covered by the report.
       ``(3) Any other matters relating to sustainment that may 
     arise from the report, as the Comptroller General considers 
     appropriate.
       ``(d) Relationship to Budget.--Nothing in this section 
     shall be construed to affect section 1105(a) of title 31.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 118 the following new item:
``118a. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.''.
       (c) Deadline for Submittal of First Report.--
     Notwithstanding the deadline in subsection (b)(1) of section 
     118a of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
     (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit the first report 
     under such section not later than the date that is 18 months 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, unless a new 
     National Defense Strategy is released prior to such date.

     SEC. 342. REPEAL OF SUNSET FOR MINIMUM ANNUAL PURCHASE AMOUNT 
                   FOR CARRIERS PARTICIPATING IN THE CIVIL RESERVE 
                   AIR FLEET.

       Section 9515 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking subsection (k).

     SEC. 343. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS FOR INCLUSION IN NAVY SHIP 
                   DEPOT MAINTENANCE BUDGET REPORT.

       Section 363(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(6) The execution of the planned schedule, categorized by 
     class of ship, for each of the three preceding fiscal years, 
     including--
       ``(A) the actual contract award compared to the milestone;
       ``(B) the planned completion date compared to the actual 
     completion date; and
       ``(C) each regional maintenance center's availability 
     schedule performance for on-time availability completion.
       ``(7) In accordance with the findings of the Government 
     Accountability Office (GAO 20-370)--
       ``(A) in 2021, an analysis plan for the evaluation of pilot 
     program availabilities funded by the Other Procurement, Navy 
     account; and
       ``(B) in 2022, a report on the Navy's progress implementing 
     such analysis plan.''.

     SEC. 344. CLARIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS 
                   FORWARD DEPLOYMENT OF CURRENTLY DEPLOYED NAVAL 
                   VESSELS.

       Section 323(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     132 Stat. 1720; 10 U.S.C. 8690 note) is amended by striking 
     ``In the case of any naval vessel'' and inserting ``In the 
     case of any aircraft carrier, amphibious ship, cruiser, 
     destroyer, frigate, or littoral combat ship''.

     SEC. 345. INDEPENDENT ADVISORY PANEL ON WEAPON SYSTEM 
                   SUSTAINMENT.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish an independent advisory panel (in this section 
     referred to as the ``panel'') on the weapon system 
     sustainment ecosystem. The National Defense University and 
     the Defense Acquisition University shall sponsor the panel, 
     including by providing administrative support.
       (b) Membership.--
       (1) Composition.--The panel shall be comprised of nine 
     members, of whom--
       (A) five shall be appointed by the Secretary of Defense;
       (B) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee 
     on Armed Services of the Senate;
       (C) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
     Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;

[[Page H6191]]

       (D) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee 
     on Armed Services of the House of Representatives; and
       (E) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
     Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives.
       (2) Expertise.--In making appointments under this 
     subsection, consideration should be given to individuals with 
     expertise in public and private-sector acquisition, 
     sustainment, and logistics policy in aviation, ground, 
     maritime systems, and space systems and their related 
     components.
       (3) Appointment date.--The appointment of the members of 
     the panel shall be made not later than 120 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.
       (c) Duties.--The panel shall--
       (1) review the weapon system sustainment ecosystem from 
     development, production, and sustainment of the weapon system 
     through use in the field, depot and field-level maintenance, 
     modification, and disposal with a goal of--
       (A) maximizing the availability and mission capabilities of 
     weapon systems;
       (B) reducing overall life-cycle costs of weapon systems 
     during fielding, operation and sustainment; and
       (C) aligning weapon system sustainment functions to the 
     most recent national defense strategy submitted pursuant to 
     section 113 of title 10, United States Code; and
       (2) using information from the review of the weapon system 
     sustainment ecosystem, make recommendations related to 
     statutory, regulatory, policy, or operational best practices 
     the panel considers necessary.
       (d) Report.--
       (1) Interim report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
     on which all members of the panel have been appointed, the 
     panel shall provide to the Secretary of Defense and the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives a briefing on the interim findings and 
     recommendations of the panel.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than 2 years after the date on 
     which all members of the panel have been appointed, the panel 
     shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
     a report setting forth a detailed statement of the findings 
     and conclusions of the panel as a result of the review 
     described in subsection (c), together with such 
     recommendations related to statutory, regulatory, policy, or 
     operational practices as the panel considers appropriate in 
     light of the results of the review.
       (e) Administrative Matters.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
     panel with timely access to appropriate information, data, 
     resources, analysis, and logistics support so that the panel 
     may conduct a thorough and independent assessment as required 
     under this section.
       (2) Effect of lack of appointment by appointment date.--If 
     any member has not been appointed by the date specified in 
     subsection (b)(3), the authority to appoint such member under 
     subsection (b)(1) shall expire, and the number of members of 
     the panel shall be reduced by the number equal to the number 
     of appointments so not made.
       (3) Period of appointment; vacancies.--Members of the panel 
     shall be appointed for the duration of the panel. Any vacancy 
     in the panel shall not affect its powers, but shall be filled 
     in the same manner as the original appointment.
       (4) Chair.--The panel shall select a Chair from among its 
     members. The Chair may not be a Federal officer or employee.
       (f) Termination.--The panel shall terminate 90 days after 
     the date on which the panel submits the report required under 
     subsection (d)(2).

     SEC. 346. BIANNUAL BRIEFINGS ON STATUS OF SHIPYARD 
                   INFRASTRUCTURE OPTIMIZATION PLAN.

       (a) Briefings Required.--During the period beginning on 
     July 1, 2020, and ending on July 1, 2025, the Secretary of 
     the Navy shall provide to the congressional defense 
     committees biannual briefings on the status of the Shipyard 
     Infrastructure Optimization Plan.
       (b) Elements of Briefings.--Each briefing under subsection 
     (a) shall include a discussion of the status of each of the 
     following elements:
       (1) A master plan for infrastructure development, including 
     projected military construction and capital equipment 
     projects.
       (2) A planning and design update for military construction, 
     minor military construction, and facility sustainment 
     projects over the subsequent five-year period.
       (3) A human capital management and development plan.
       (4) A workload management plan that includes 
     synchronization requirements for each shipyard and ship 
     class.
       (5) Performance metrics and an assessment plan.
       (6) A funding and authority plan that includes funding 
     lines across the future years defense program.
       (7) A listing of equipment from Federal Supply Classes 3411 
     (Boring Machines), 3416 (Lathes) and 3441 (Bending and 
     Forming Machines) that has been unserviceable for over 30 
     consecutive days, including, for each such piece of 
     equipment--
       (A) the reason for the delayed repair;
       (B) the availability of technical representatives from the 
     manufacturer to provide assistance in diagnosing and 
     repairing the discrepancy; and
       (C) the estimated time to repair.

     SEC. 347. MATERIEL READINESS METRICS AND OBJECTIVES FOR MAJOR 
                   WEAPON SYSTEMS.

       (a) In General.--Section 118 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by amending the section heading to read as follows: 
     ``Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
     systems'';
       (2) by striking ``Not later than five days'' and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(d) Budget Justification.--Not later than five days'';
       (3) by inserting before subsection (d) (as designated by 
     paragraph (2)) the following new subsections:
       ``(a) Materiel Readiness Metrics.--Each head of an element 
     of the Department specified in paragraphs (1) through (10) of 
     section 111(b) of this title shall establish and maintain 
     materiel readiness metrics to enable assessment of the 
     readiness of members of the armed forces to carry out--
       ``(1) the strategic framework required by section 
     113(g)(1)(B)(vii) of this title; and
       ``(2) guidance issued by the Secretary of Defense pursuant 
     to section 113(g)(1)(B) of this title.
       ``(b) Required Metrics.--At a minimum, the materiel 
     readiness metrics required by subsection (a) shall address 
     the materiel availability, operational availability, 
     operational capability, and materiel reliability of each 
     major weapon system by designated mission, design series, 
     variant, or class.
       ``(c) Materiel Readiness Objectives.--(1) Not later than 
     one year after the date of the enactment of this subsection, 
     each head of an element described in subsection (a) shall 
     establish the metrics required by subsection (b) necessary to 
     support the strategic framework and guidance referred to in 
     paragraph (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
       ``(2) Annually, each head of an element described in 
     subsection (a) shall review and revise the metrics required 
     by subsection (b) and include any such revisions in the 
     materials submitted to Congress in support of the budget of 
     the President under section 1105 of title 31.'';
       (4) in subsection (d) (as designated by paragraph (2))--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``materiel reliability, and mean down time 
     metrics for each major weapons system'' and inserting 
     ``operational availability, and materiel reliability for each 
     major weapon system''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     period at the end; and
       (C) by striking paragraph (3); and
       (5) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `major weapon system' has the meaning given 
     in section 2379(f) of this title.
       ``(2) The term `materiel availability' means a measure of 
     the percentage of the total inventory of a major weapon 
     system that is operationally capable of performing an 
     assigned mission.
       ``(3) The term `materiel reliability' means the probability 
     that a major weapon system will perform without failure over 
     a specified interval.
       ``(4) The term `operational availability' means a measure 
     of the percentage of time a major weapon system is 
     operationally capable.
       ``(5) The term `operationally capable' means a materiel 
     condition indicating that a major weapon system is capable of 
     performing its assigned mission and has no discrepancies with 
     a subsystem of a major weapon system.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 118 and 
     inserting the following new item:
``118. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major defense 
              acquisition programs.''.

     SEC. 348. REPEAL OF STATUTORY REQUIREMENT FOR NOTIFICATION TO 
                   DIRECTOR OF DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY THREE 
                   YEARS PRIOR TO IMPLEMENTING CHANGES TO ANY 
                   UNIFORM OR UNIFORM COMPONENT.

       Section 356 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     10 U.S.C. 771 note prec.) is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (a);
       (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
     (a) and (b), respectively; and
       (3) in subsections (a) and (b), as so redesignated, by 
     striking ``Commander'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``Director''.

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

     SEC. 351. CHAIR OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXPLOSIVE SAFETY 
                   BOARD.

       (a) Responsibilities.--Section 172 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subsections:
       ``(c) Responsibilities of Chair.--The chair of the 
     explosive safety board shall carry out the following 
     responsibilities:
       ``(1) To act as the principal executive representative and 
     advisor of the Secretary on explosive and chemical agent 
     safety matters related to Department of Defense military 
     munitions.
       ``(2) To perform the hazard classification approval duties 
     assigned to the chair.
       ``(3) To preside over meetings of the explosive safety 
     board.
       ``(4) To direct the staff of the explosive safety board.
       ``(5) To performs other functions relating to explosives 
     safety management, as directed by the Assistant Secretary of 
     Defense for Sustainment.
       ``(6) To provide impartial and objective advice related to 
     explosives safety management to the Secretary of Defense and 
     the heads of the military departments.
       ``(7) To serve as the principal representative and advisor 
     of the Department of Defense on matters relating to 
     explosives safety management.
       ``(8) To provide assistance and advice to the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the 
     Deputy Director of Land Warfare and Munitions in munitions 
     acquisition

[[Page H6192]]

     oversight and technology advancement for Department of 
     Defense military munitions, especially in the areas of 
     explosives and chemical agent safety and demilitarization.
       ``(9) To provide assistance and advice to the Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Logistics and Material Readiness in 
     sustainment oversight of Department of Defense military 
     munitions, especially in the areas of explosives and chemical 
     agent safety, storage, transportation, and demilitarization.
       ``(10) To develop and recommend issuances to define the 
     functions of the explosive safety board.
       ``(11) To establishes joint hazard classification 
     procedures with covered components of the Department.
       ``(12) To make recommendations to the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment with respect to 
     explosives and chemical agent safety tenets and requirements.
       ``(13) To conducts oversight of Department of Defense 
     explosive safety management programs.
       ``(14) To carry out such other responsibilities as the 
     Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.
       ``(d) Responsibilities of Executive Director and Civilian 
     Members.--The executive director and civilian members of the 
     explosive safety board shall--
       ``(1) provide assistance to the chair in carrying out the 
     responsibilities specified in subsection (c); and
       ``(2) carry out such other responsibilities as the chair 
     determines appropriate.
       ``(e) Meetings.--(1) The explosive safety board shall meet 
     not less frequently than quarterly.
       ``(2) The chair shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees an annual report describing the activities 
     conducted at the meetings of the board.
       ``(f) Exclusive Responsibilities.--The explosive safety 
     board shall have exclusive responsibility within the 
     Department of Defense for--
       ``(1) recommending new and updated explosive and chemical 
     agent safety regulations and standards to the Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Energy Installations and Environment 
     for submittal to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment; and
       ``(2) acting as the primary forum for coordination among 
     covered components of the Department on all matters related 
     to explosive safety management.
       ``(g) Covered Components.--In this section, the covered 
     components of the Department are each of the following:
       ``(1) The Office of the Secretary of Defense.
       ``(2) The military departments.
       ``(3) The Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
     Staff and the Joint Staff, the Combatant Commands.
       ``(4) The Office of the Inspector General of the 
     Department.
       ``(5) The Defense Agencies.
       ``(6) The Department of Defense field activities.
       ``(7) All other organizational entities within the 
     Department.''.
       (b) Deadline for Appointment.--By not later than 90 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall take such steps as may be necessary to ensure 
     that the explosive safety board of the Department of Defense, 
     as authorized under section 172 of title 10, United States 
     Code, has a chair who is a military officer and whose 
     responsibilities include the day-to-day management of the 
     explosive safety board and the responsibilities provided in 
     subsection (c) of such section.
       (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized 
     to be appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act 
     for the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment for fiscal year 2021, not more 
     than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date 
     on which the Under Secretary of Defense certifies to the 
     congressional defense committees that all board member 
     positions, including the chair, of the Department of Defense 
     explosive safety board, as authorized under section 172 of 
     title 10, United States Code, as amended by this section, 
     have been filled by military officers as required by such 
     section.

     SEC. 352. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL DEFENSE PROGRAM.

       (a) Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities.--Section 
     2284(b) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
     section 1052 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92), is further amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)(A)--
       (A) by inserting ``and'' before ``integration''; and
       (B) by striking ``an Assistant Secretary of Defense'' and 
     inserting ``the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
     Operations and Low Intensity Conflict'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to whom responsibility 
     is assigned under paragraph (1)(A)'' and inserting ``for 
     Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict'';
       (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
     (4) and (5), respectively; and
       (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
     Operations and Low Intensity Conflict shall coordinate with--
       ``(A) the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence on 
     explosive ordnance technical intelligence;
       ``(B) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment on explosive ordnance disposal research, 
     development, acquisition, and sustainment;
       ``(C) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering on explosive ordnance disposal research, 
     development, test, and evaluation;
       ``(D) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland 
     Security and Global Security on explosive ordnance disposal 
     on defense support of civil authorities; and
       ``(E) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, 
     Chemical, and Biological Defense programs on explosive 
     ordnance disposal for combating weapons of mass 
     destruction;''.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and House of Representatives a report of the 
     Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program under section 
     2284 of title 10, United States Code. Such report shall 
     include each of the following:
       (1) The status of the establishment and organization of the 
     Program and the compliance with the requirements of such 
     section, as amended by section 1052 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
       (2) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     designating the Joint Program Executive Officer for Armaments 
     and Ammunition as the joint program executive officer for the 
     explosive ordnance disposal program, establishing a rotation 
     of the role between an Army, Navy, and Air Force entity on a 
     periodic basis, or other options determined appropriate.
       (3) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     designating the Director of the Defense Threat Reduction 
     Agency with management responsibility for a Defense-wide 
     program element for explosive ordnance disposal research, 
     development, test, and evaluation transactions other than 
     contracts, cooperative agreements, and grants related to 
     section 2371 of title 10, United States Code, during research 
     projects including rapid prototyping and limited procurement 
     urgent activities and acquisition.

     SEC. 353. ASSESSMENT OF RESILIENCE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   MUNITIONS ENTERPRISE.

       (a) Assessment.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     enter into an agreement with a federally-funded research and 
     development center with relevant expertise under which such 
     center shall conduct an assessment of the resilience of the 
     Department of Defense munitions enterprise.
       (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) An identification of the points of failure with respect 
     to the munitions enterprise, including physical locations, 
     materials, suppliers, contractors, and other relevant 
     elements, that, if failure occurs, would have the largest 
     negative impact on the capacity, resiliency, and safety of 
     the enterprise.
       (2) An evaluation of the efforts of the Department of 
     Defense to address the points of failure identified under 
     paragraph (1).
       (3) Recommendation with respect to any additional efforts 
     or actions that could be taken to provide for mitigation or 
     solutions with respect to such points of failure.
       (4) An evaluation of the capacity of the munitions 
     enterprise to support a sudden surge in demand to support a 
     contingency.
       (5) An evaluation of the capacity of the munitions 
     enterprise to withstand intentional disruption during a 
     conflict.
       (c) Report and Briefings.--The Secretary shall--
       (1) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the results of assessment conducted under this section by 
     not later than December 31, 2021; and
       (2) provide for such committees interim briefings on such 
     assessment upon request.
       (d) Point of Failure.--In this section, the term ``point of 
     failure'' means, with respect to the munitions enterprise, an 
     aspect of the enterprise, that, if it were to fail or be 
     significantly negatively impacted would cause the portion of 
     the enterprise it supports to either fail or be significantly 
     negatively impacted.

     SEC. 354. REPORT ON SAFETY WAIVERS AND MISHAPS IN DEPARTMENT 
                   OF DEFENSE MUNITIONS ENTERPRISE.

       (a) Report Required.--The Secretary shall include with the 
     Department of Defense materials submitted to Congress with 
     the budget of the President for each of fiscal years 2022 
     through 2025 (as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 
     1105 of title 31, United States Code), a report on safety 
     waivers provided in the Department of Defense munitions 
     enterprise. Each such report shall include each of the 
     following for the year covered by the report and each of the 
     preceding 3 years:
       (1) A list of each waiver, exemption, and secretarial 
     exemption or certification provided with respect to any 
     Department of Defense munitions safety standard.
       (2) For each such waiver, exemption, or certification 
     provided--
       (A) the location where the waiver, exemption, or 
     certification was provided;
       (B) a summary of the justification used for providing the 
     waiver, exemption, or certification;
       (C) the time period during which the waiver, exemption, or 
     certification applies and the number of times such a waiver, 
     exemption, or certification has been provided at that 
     location; and
       (D) a list of all safety-related mishaps that occurred at 
     locations where waivers, exemptions, or certifications were 
     in place, and for each such mishap, whether or not a 
     subsequent investigation determined the waiver, exemption, or 
     certification was related or may have been related to the 
     mishap.
       (3) A list and summary of all class A through class E 
     mishaps related to the construction, storage, transportation, 
     usage, and demilitarization of munitions.

[[Page H6193]]

       (4) Any mitigation efforts in place at any location where a 
     waiver, exemption, or certification has been provided or 
     where a safety-related mishap has occurred.
       (5) Such other matters as the Secretary determines 
     appropriate.
       (b) Munitions Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``munitions'' includes ammunition, explosives, and chemical 
     agents.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

     SEC. 361. PILOT PROGRAM FOR TEMPORARY ISSUANCE OF MATERNITY-
                   RELATED UNIFORM ITEMS.

       (a) Pilot Program.--The Director of the Defense Logistics 
     Agency, in coordination with the Secretaries concerned, shall 
     carry out a pilot program for issuing maternity-related 
     uniform items to pregnant members of the Armed Forces, on a 
     temporary basis and at no cost to such member. In carrying 
     out the pilot program, the Director shall take the following 
     actions:
       (1) The Director shall maintain a stock of each type of 
     maternity-related uniform item determined necessary by the 
     Secretary concerned, including service uniforms items, 
     utility uniform items, and other items relating to the 
     command and duty assignment of the member requiring issuance.
       (2) The Director shall ensure that such items have not been 
     treated with the chemical permethrin.
       (3) The Director, in coordination with the Secretary 
     concerned, shall determine a standard number of maternity-
     related uniform items that may be issued per member.
       (4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that any member 
     receiving a maternity-related uniform item returns such item 
     to the relevant office established under paragraph (1) on the 
     date on which the Secretary concerned determines the member 
     no longer requires such item.
       (5) The Secretary concerned shall inspect, process, repair, 
     clean, and re-stock items returned by a member pursuant to 
     paragraph (4) for re-issuance from such relevant office.
       (6) The Director, in coordination with the Secretaries 
     concerned, may issue such guidance and regulations as 
     necessary to carry out the pilot program.
       (b) Termination.--No maternity-related uniform items may be 
     issued to a member of the Armed Forces under the pilot 
     program after September 30, 2026.
       (c) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2025, the 
     Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, in coordination 
     with the Secretaries concerned, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the pilot 
     program. Such report shall include each of the following:
       (1) For each year during which the pilot program was 
     carried out, the number of members of the Armed Forces who 
     received a maternity-related uniform item under the pilot 
     program.
       (2) An overview of the costs associated with, and any 
     savings realized by, the pilot program, including a 
     comparison of the cost of maintaining a stock of maternity-
     related uniform items for issuance under the pilot program 
     versus the cost of providing allowances to members for 
     purchasing such items.
       (3) A recommendation on whether the pilot program should be 
     extended after the date of termination under subsection (b) 
     and whether legislation is necessary for such extension.
       (4) Any other matters that the Secretary of Defense 
     determines appropriate.

     SEC. 362. SERVICEWOMEN'S COMMEMORATIVE PARTNERSHIPS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Army may enter into a 
     contract, partnership, or grant with a non-profit 
     organization for the purpose of providing financial support 
     for the maintenance and sustainment of infrastructure and 
     facilities at military service memorials and museums that 
     highlight the role of women in the military. Such a contract, 
     partnership, or grant shall be referred to as a 
     ``Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnership''.
       (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Of the amounts 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021, as 
     identified in division D of this Act, $3,000,000 shall be 
     available for Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnerships under 
     subsection (a).

     SEC. 363. BIODEFENSE ANALYSIS AND BUDGET SUBMISSION.

       (a) Annual Analysis.--For each fiscal year, beginning in 
     fiscal year 2023, the Director of the Office of Management 
     and Budget, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and 
     Human Services shall--
       (1) conduct a detailed and comprehensive analysis of 
     Federal biodefense programs; and
       (2) develop an integrated biodefense budget submission.
       (b) Definition of Biodefense.--In accordance with the 
     National Biodefense Strategy, the Director shall develop and 
     disseminate to all Federal departments and agencies a unified 
     definition of the term ``biodefense'' to identify which 
     programs and activities are included in the annual budget 
     submission required under subsection (a).
       (c) Requirements for Analysis.--The analysis required under 
     subsection (a) shall include--
       (1) the display of all funds requested for biodefense 
     activities, both mandatory and discretionary, by agency and 
     categorized by biodefense enterprise element, such as threat 
     awareness, prevention, deterrence, preparedness, surveillance 
     and detection, response, attribution (including bioforensic 
     capabilities), recovery, and mitigation; and
       (2) detailed explanations of how each program and activity 
     included aligns with biodefense goals and objectives as part 
     of the National Biodefense Strategy required under section 
     1086 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 104).
       (d) Submittal to Congress.--The Director, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall submit 
     to Congress the analysis required under subsection (a) for a 
     fiscal year concurrently with the President's annual budget 
     request for that fiscal year.

     SEC. 364. UPDATE OF NATIONAL BIODEFENSE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.

       (a) In General.--The Secretaries of Health and Human 
     Services, Defense, Agriculture, Homeland Security, and all 
     other Departments and agencies with responsibilities for 
     biodefense, such as the Department of State, in consultation 
     with the Assistant to the President for National Security 
     Affairs and the Director of the Office of Management and 
     Budget, as appropriate, shall jointly, after reviewing the 
     biodefense threat assessment described in subsection (d) and 
     any relevant input from external stakeholders, as 
     appropriate, update the National Biodefense Implementation 
     Plan developed under section 1086 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 104) to 
     clearly document established processes, roles, and 
     responsibilities related to the National Biodefense Strategy.
       (b) Specific Updates.--The updated National Biodefense 
     Implementation Plan shall--
       (1) describe the roles and responsibilities of the Federal 
     departments and agencies, including internal and external 
     coordination procedures, in identifying and sharing 
     information between and among Federal departments and 
     agencies, as described in section 1086(b)(4) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 
     104(b)(4)) and consistent with the statutory roles and 
     authorities of such departments and agencies;
       (2) describe roles, responsibilities, and processes for 
     decisionmaking, including decisions regarding use of 
     resources for effective risk management across the 
     enterprise;
       (3) describe resource plans for each department and agency 
     with responsibility for biodefense to support implementation 
     of the strategy within the jurisdiction of such department or 
     agency, including for the Biodefense Coordination Team, as 
     appropriate;
       (4) describe guidance and methods for analyzing the data 
     collected from agencies to include non-Federal resources and 
     capabilities to the extent practicable; and
       (5) describe and update, as appropriate, 
     short-, medium-, and long-term goals for executing the 
     National Biodefense Strategy and metrics for meeting each 
     objective of the Strategy.
       (c) Submittal to Congress.--The Secretary of Health and 
     Human Services, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
     Agriculture, and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall, 
     not later than 6 months after the date of the completion of 
     the assessment in subsection (d)(1)(A), submit the updated 
     Implementation Plan to the appropriate congressional 
     committees.
       (d) Updated Biodefense Threat Assessment.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretaries of Health and Human 
     Services, Defense, Agriculture, and Homeland Security, shall 
     jointly, and in consultation with the Director of National 
     Intelligence, and other agency heads as appropriate--
       (A) conduct an assessment of current and potential 
     biological threats against the United States, both naturally 
     occurring and man-made, either accidental or deliberate, 
     including the potential for catastrophic biological threats, 
     such as a pandemic;
       (B) not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
     this section, submit the findings of the assessment conducted 
     under subparagraph (A) to the Federal officials described in 
     subsection (d)(1)and the appropriate congressional committees 
     described in subsection (e);
       (C) not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
     assessment is submitted under subparagraph (B), conduct a 
     briefing for the appropriate congressional committees on the 
     findings of the assessment;
       (D) update the assessment under subparagraph (A) 
     biennially, as appropriate, and provide the findings of such 
     updated assessments to the Federal officials described in 
     subsection (d)(1) and the appropriate congressional 
     committees; and
       (E) conduct briefings for the appropriate congressional 
     committees as needed any time an assessment under this 
     paragraph is updated.
       (2) Classification and format.--Assessments under paragraph 
     (1) shall be submitted in an unclassified format and include 
     a classified annex, as appropriate.
       (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means the following:
       (1) The Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate.
       (2) The Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, 
     Labor, and Pensions of the Senate.
       (3) The Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
       (4) The Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
     and Forestry of the Senate.
       (5) The Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
     House of Representatives and the Select Committee on 
     Intelligence of the Senate.
       (6) The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate.
       (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to alter, limit, or duplicate the roles, 
     responsibilities, authorities, or current activities, as 
     established in statute or otherwise through existing practice 
     or policy, of each Federal department or agency with 
     responsibilities for biodefense or otherwise relevant to

[[Page H6194]]

     implementation of the National Biodefense Strategy.

     SEC. 365. PLANS AND REPORTS ON EMERGENCY RESPONSE TRAINING 
                   FOR MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Plans.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     ensure that each military installation under the jurisdiction 
     of the Secretary that does not conduct live emergency 
     response training on an annual basis or more frequently with 
     the civilian law enforcement and emergency response agencies 
     responsible for responding to an emergency at the 
     installation develops a plan to conduct such training.
       (2) Elements.--Each plan developed under paragraph (1) with 
     respect to an installation--
       (A) shall include--
       (i) the cost of implementing training described in 
     paragraph (1) at the installation;
       (ii) a description of any obstacles to the implementation 
     of such training; and
       (iii) recommendations for mitigating any such obstacles; 
     and
       (B) shall be designed to ensure that the civilian law 
     enforcement and emergency response agencies described in 
     paragraph (1) are familiar with--
       (i) the physical features of the installation, including 
     gates, buildings, armories, headquarters, command and control 
     centers, and medical facilities; and
       (ii) the emergency response personnel and procedures of the 
     installation.
       (3) Submittal of plans.--
       (A) Submittal to secretary.--Not later than 90 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the commander of each 
     military installation required to develop a plan under 
     paragraph (1) shall submit such plan to the Secretary of 
     Defense.
       (B) Submittal to congress.--Not later than 180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a summary of the plans submitted 
     to the Secretary under subparagraph (A).
       (b) Reports on Training Conducted.--
       (1) List of installations.--Not later than March 1, 2021, 
     the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     list of all military installations under the jurisdiction of 
     the Secretary that conduct live emergency response training 
     on an annual basis or more frequently with the civilian law 
     enforcement and emergency response agencies responsible for 
     responding to an emergency at the installation.
       (2) Annual reports.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
     commander of each military installation under the 
     jurisdiction of the Secretary shall submit to the Secretary a 
     report on each live emergency response training conducted 
     during the year covered by the report with the civilian law 
     enforcement and emergency response agencies responsible for 
     responding to an emergency at the installation.
       (B) Elements.--Each report submitted under subparagraph (A) 
     shall include, with respect to each training exercise, the 
     following:
       (i) The date and duration of the exercise.
       (ii) A detailed description of the exercise.
       (iii) An identification of all military and civilian 
     personnel who participated in the exercise.
       (iv) Any recommendations resulting from the exercise.
       (v) The actions taken, if any, to implement such 
     recommendations.
       (C) Inclusion in annual budget submission.--
       (i) In general.--The Secretary shall include in the budget 
     submitted to Congress by the President pursuant to section 
     1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, a summary of any 
     report submitted to the Secretary under subparagraph (A) 
     during the one-year period preceding the submittal of the 
     budget.
       (ii) Classified form.--The summary submitted under clause 
     (i) may be submitted in classified form.
       (D) Sunset.--The requirement to submit annual reports under 
     subparagraph (A) shall terminate upon the submittal of the 
     budget described in subparagraph (C)(i) for fiscal year 2024.

     SEC. 366. INAPPLICABILITY OF CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION AND 
                   DOLLAR LIMITATION REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCE 
                   BILLINGS FOR CERTAIN BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS.

       Section 2208(l) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
     paragraph (4):
       ``(4) This subsection shall not apply to advance billing 
     for background investigation and related services performed 
     by the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency.''.

     SEC. 367. ADJUSTMENT IN AVAILABILITY OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR 
                   UNUSUAL COST OVERRUNS AND FOR CHANGES IN SCOPE 
                   OF WORK.

       Section 8683 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(c) Treatment of Amounts Appropriated After End of Period 
     of Obligation.--In the application of section 1553(c) of 
     title 31 to funds appropriated in the Operation and 
     Maintenance, Navy account that are available for ship 
     overhaul, the Secretary of the Navy may treat the limitation 
     specified in paragraph (1) of such section to be 
     `$10,000,000' rather than `$4,000,000'.''.

     SEC. 368. REQUIREMENT THAT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE IMPLEMENT 
                   SECURITY AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE RECOMMENDATIONS 
                   RELATING TO ACTIVE SHOOTER OR TERRORIST ATTACKS 
                   ON INSTALLATIONS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Requirement.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     implement the applicable security and emergency response 
     recommendations relating to active shooter or terrorist 
     attacks on installations of the Department of Defense made in 
     the following reports:
       (1) The report by the Government Accountability Office 
     dated July 2015 entitled, ``Insider Threats: DOD Should 
     Improve Information Sharing and Oversight to Protect U.S. 
     Installations'' (GAO-15-543).
       (2) The report prepared by the Department of the Navy 
     relating to the Washington Navy Yard shooting in 2013.
       (3) The report by the Department of the Army dated August 
     2010 entitled ``Fort Hood, Army Internal Review Team: Final 
     Report''.
       (4) The independent review by the Department of Defense 
     dated January 2010 entitled ``Protecting the Force: Lessons 
     from Fort Hood''.
       (5) The report by the Department of the Air Force dated 
     October 2010 entitled ``Air Force Follow-On Review: 
     Protecting the Force: Lessons from Fort Hood''.
       (b) Notification of Inapplicable Recommendations.--
       (1) In general.--If the Secretary determines that a 
     recommendation described in subsection (a) is outdated, is no 
     longer applicable, or has been superseded by more recent 
     separate guidance or recommendations set forth by the 
     Government Accountability Office, the Department of Defense, 
     or another entity in related contracted review, the Secretary 
     shall notify the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
     and the House of Representatives not later than 45 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Identification and justification.--The notification 
     under paragraph (1) shall include an identification, set 
     forth by report specified in subsection (a), of each 
     recommendation that the Secretary determines should not be 
     implemented, with a justification for each such 
     determination.

     SEC. 369. CLARIFICATION OF FOOD INGREDIENT REQUIREMENTS FOR 
                   FOOD OR BEVERAGES PROVIDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) In General.--Before making any final rule, statement, 
     or determination regarding the limitation or prohibition of 
     any food or beverage ingredient in military food service, 
     military medical foods, commissary food, or commissary food 
     service, the Secretary of Defense shall publish in the 
     Federal Register a notice of a preliminary rule, statement, 
     or determination (in this section referred to as a ``proposed 
     action'') and provide opportunity for public comment.
       (b) Matters to Be Included.--The Secretary shall include in 
     any notice published under subsection (a) the following:
       (1) The date of the notice.
       (2) Contact information for the appropriate office at the 
     Department of Defense.
       (3) A summary of the notice.
       (4) A date for comments to be submitted and specific 
     methods for submitting comments.
       (5) A description of the substance of the proposed action.
       (6) Findings and a statement of reasons supporting the 
     proposed action.
       (c) Waiver Authority.--
       (1) Military operations and emergency response.--The 
     Secretary may waive subsections (a) and (b) if the Secretary 
     determines that such a waiver is necessary for military 
     operations or for the response to a national emergency 
     declared by the President under the National Emergencies Act 
     (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), a medical emergency, or a pandemic.
       (2) Protection of human health.--The Secretary may waive 
     subsections (a) and (b) if the Food and Drug Administration, 
     the Surgeon General of the United States, or the Surgeons 
     General of the Department of Defense makes a recall or 
     prohibition determination due to certain ingredients being 
     harmful for human consumption.
       (3) Notification required.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary shall notify the 
     congressional defense committees not later than 60 days after 
     exercising waiver authority under paragraph (1).
       (B) Elements.--The notification required under subparagraph 
     (A) shall include, with respect to each waiver, the following 
     elements:
       (i) The date, time, and location of the issuance of the 
     waiver.
       (ii) A detailed justification for the issuance of the 
     waiver.
       (iii) An identification of the rule, statement, or 
     determination for which the Secretary issued the waiver, 
     including the proposed duration of such rule, statement, or 
     determination.

     SEC. 370. COMMISSION ON THE NAMING OF ITEMS OF THE DEPARTMENT 
                   OF DEFENSE THAT COMMEMORATE THE CONFEDERATE 
                   STATES OF AMERICA OR ANY PERSON WHO SERVED 
                   VOLUNTARILY WITH THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF 
                   AMERICA.

       (a) Removal.--Not later than three years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     implement the plan submitted by the commission described in 
     paragraph (b) and remove all names, symbols, displays, 
     monuments, and paraphernalia that honor or commemorate the 
     Confederate States of America (commonly referred to as the 
     ``Confederacy'') or any person who served voluntarily with 
     the Confederate States of America from all assets of the 
     Department of Defense.
       (b) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
     commission relating to assigning, modifying, or removing of 
     names, symbols, displays, monuments, and paraphernalia to 
     assets of the Department of Defense that commemorate the 
     Confederate States of America or

[[Page H6195]]

     any person who served voluntarily with the Confederate States 
     of America.
       (c) Duties.--The Commission shall--
       (1) assess the cost of renaming or removing names, symbols, 
     displays, monuments, or paraphernalia that commemorate the 
     Confederate States of America or any person who served 
     voluntarily with the Confederate States of America;
       (2) develop procedures and criteria to assess whether an 
     existing name, symbol, monument, display, or paraphernalia 
     commemorates the Confederate States of America or person who 
     served voluntarily with the Confederate States of America;
       (3) recommend procedures for renaming assets of the 
     Department of Defense to prevent commemoration of the 
     Confederate States of America or any person who served 
     voluntarily with the Confederate States of America;
       (4) develop a plan to remove names, symbols, displays, 
     monuments, or paraphernalia that commemorate the Confederate 
     States of America or any person who served voluntarily with 
     the Confederate States of America from assets of the 
     Department of Defense, within the timeline established by 
     this Act; and
       (5) include in the plan procedures and criteria for 
     collecting and incorporating local sensitivities associated 
     with naming or renaming of assets of the Department of 
     Defense.
       (d) Membership.--The Commission shall be composed of eight 
     members, of whom--
       (1) four shall be appointed by the Secretary of Defense;
       (2) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee 
     on Armed Services of the Senate;
       (3) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
     Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
       (4) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee 
     on Armed Services of the House of Representatives; and
       (5) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
     Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives.
       (e) Appointment.--Members of the Commission shall be 
     appointed not later than 45 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
       (f) Initial Meeting.--The Commission shall hold its initial 
     meeting on the date that is 60 days after the enactment of 
     this Act.
       (g) Briefings and Reports.--Not later than October 1, 2021, 
     the Commission shall brief the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and House of Representatives detailing the 
     progress of the requirements under subsection (c). Not later 
     than October 1, 2022, and not later than 90 days before the 
     implementation of the plan in subsection (c)(4), the 
     Commission shall present a briefing and written report 
     detailing the results of the requirements under subsection 
     (c), including:
       (1) A list of assets to be removed or renamed.
       (2) Costs associated with the removal or renaming of assets 
     in subsection (g)(1).
       (3) Criteria and requirements used to nominate and rename 
     assets in subsection (g)(1).
       (4) Methods of collecting and incorporating local 
     sensitivities associated with the removal or renaming of 
     assets in subsection (g)(1).
       (h) Funding.--
       (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated $2,000,000 to carry out this section.
       (2) Offset.--The amount authorized to be appropriated by 
     the Act for fiscal year 2021 for Operations and Maintenance, 
     Army, sub activity group 434 - other personnel support is 
     hereby reduced by $2,000,000.
       (i) Assets Defined.--In this section, the term ``assets'' 
     includes any base, installation, street, building, facility, 
     aircraft, ship, plane, weapon, equipment, or any other 
     property owned or controlled by the Department of Defense.
       (j) Exemption for Grave Markers.--Shall not cover monuments 
     but shall exempt grave markers. Congress expects the 
     commission to further define what constitutes a grave marker.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions to permanent active duty end strength minimum 
              levels.
Sec. 403. Modification of the authorized number and accounting method 
              for senior enlisted personnel.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
              Reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
              active duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Separate authorization by Congress of minimum end strengths 
              for non-temporary military technicians (dual status) and 
              end strengths for temporary military technicians (dual 
              status).

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

     SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

       The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty 
     personnel as of September 30, 2021, as follows:
       (1) The Army, 485,900.
       (2) The Navy, 347,800.
       (3) The Marine Corps, 181,200.
       (4) The Air Force, 333,475.

     SEC. 402. REVISIONS TO PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH 
                   MINIMUM LEVELS.

       (a) In General.--Section 691 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in the heading, by striking ``two major regional 
     contingencies'' and inserting ``the National Defense 
     Strategy'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``a national defense strategy calling for'' 
     and inserting ``the national defense strategy of''; and
       (B) by striking ``to be able to successfully conduct two 
     nearly simultaneous major regional contingencies'';
       (3) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) through 
     (4) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) For the Army, 485,900.
       ``(2) For the Navy, 347,800.
       ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 181,200.
       ``(4) For the Air Force, 333,475.''; and
       (4) in subsection (e)--
       (A) by inserting ``or the Secretary concerned'' after 
     ``Secretary of Defense''; and
       (B) by striking ``reduce a number specified in subsection 
     (b) by not more than 2 percent'' and inserting ``vary a 
     number specified in subsection (b) in accordance with section 
     115 of this title''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 39 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 691 and inserting the following:
``691. Permanent end strength levels to support the National Defense 
              Strategy''.

     SEC. 403. MODIFICATION OF THE AUTHORIZED NUMBER AND 
                   ACCOUNTING METHOD FOR SENIOR ENLISTED 
                   PERSONNEL.

       (a) In General.--Section 517 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``daily average'' 
     and inserting ``enlisted end strength'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``daily average number of'' and inserting 
     ``end strength for'';
       (B) by striking ``in a fiscal year'' and inserting ``as of 
     the last day of a fiscal year'';
       (C) by striking ``2.5 percent'' and inserting ``3.0 
     percent''; and
       (D) by striking ``on the first day of that fiscal year''; 
     and
       (3) by striking subsection (b).
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 31 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 517 and inserting the following 
     new item:
``517. Authorized enlisted end strength: members in pay grades E-8 and 
              E-9.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

     SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

       (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
     for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as 
     of September 30, 2021, as follows:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,500.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 189,800.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 58,800.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 108,100.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,300.
       (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
       (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed 
     by subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
     component shall be proportionately reduced by--
       (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
     serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component 
     which are on active duty (other than for training) at the end 
     of the fiscal year; and
       (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
     organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
     component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
     for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
     consent at the end of the fiscal year.
       (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual 
     members of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are 
     released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end 
     strength prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected 
     Reserve of such reserve component shall be increased 
     proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
     units and by the total number of such individual members.

     SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN 
                   SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES.

       Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
     reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
     September 30, 2021, the following number of Reserves to be 
     serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the 
     case of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
     organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
     training the reserve components:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,215.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 25,333.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 5,256.

     SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL 
                   STATUS).

       (a) In General.--The minimum number of military technicians 
     (dual status) as of the last day of fiscal year 2021 for the 
     reserve components of the Army and the Air Force 
     (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States Code) 
     shall be the following:
       (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
     22,294.
       (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
       (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
     10,994.
       (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 7,947.
       (b) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military 
     technician (dual status) employed under the authority of this 
     section be coerced by a State into accepting an offer of 
     realignment or

[[Page H6196]]

     conversion to any other military status, including as a 
     member of the Active, Guard, and Reserve program of a reserve 
     component. If a military technician (dual status) declines to 
     participate in such realignment or conversion, no further 
     action will be taken against the individual or the 
     individual's position.

     SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO 
                   BE ON ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

       During fiscal year 2021, the maximum number of members of 
     the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
     at any time on full-time operational support duty under 
     section 115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the 
     following:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

     SEC. 415. SEPARATE AUTHORIZATION BY CONGRESS OF MINIMUM END 
                   STRENGTHS FOR NON-TEMPORARY MILITARY 
                   TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS) AND END STRENGTHS FOR 
                   TEMPORARY MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

       (a) In General.--Section 115(d) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``the end strength 
     for military technicians (dual status)'' and inserting ``both 
     the minimum end strength for non-temporary military 
     technicians (dual status) and the end strength for temporary 
     military technicians (dual status)''; and
       (2) in the third sentence, by striking ``the end strength 
     requested for military technicians (dual status)'' and 
     inserting ``the minimum end strength for non-temporary 
     military technicians (dual status), and the end strength for 
     temporary military technicians (dual status), requested''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the day after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act. The amendment made by subsection (a)(2) shall 
     apply with respect to budgets submitted by the President to 
     Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, 
     after such effective date.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for the 
     use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
     the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise 
     provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
     funding table in section 4401.
       (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
     appropriations in the subsection (a) supersedes any other 
     authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
     such purpose for fiscal year 2021.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Authorized strengths of general and flag officers on active 
              duty.
Sec. 502. Temporary expansion of availability of enhanced constructive 
              service credit in a particular career field upon original 
              appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Diversity in selection boards.
Sec. 504. Requirement for promotion selection board recommendation of 
              higher placement on promotion list of officers of 
              particular merit.
Sec. 505. Special selection review boards for review of promotion of 
              officers subject to adverse information identified after 
              recommendation for promotion and related matters.
Sec. 506. Number of opportunities for consideration for promotion under 
              alternative promotion authority.
Sec. 507. Mandatory retirement for age.
Sec. 508. Clarifying and improving restatement of rules on the retired 
              grade of commissioned officers.
Sec. 509. Repeal of authority for original appointment of regular Navy 
              officers designated for engineering duty, aeronautical 
              engineering duty, and special duty.
Sec. 509A. Permanent programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.
Sec. 509B. Review of Seaman to Admiral-21 program.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Temporary authority to order retired members to active duty 
              in high-demand, low-density assignments during war or 
              national emergency.
Sec. 512. Expansion of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps Program.
Sec. 513. Grants to support STEM education in the Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 514. Permanent suicide prevention and resilience program for the 
              reserve components.
Sec. 515. Modification of education loan repayment program for members 
              of Selected Reserve.
Sec. 516. Inclusion of drill or training foregone due to emergency 
              travel or duty restrictions in computations of 
              entitlement to and amounts of retired pay for non-regular 
              service.
Sec. 517. Quarantine lodging for members of the reserve components who 
              perform certain service in response to the COVID-19 
              emergency.
Sec. 518. Direct employment pilot program for certain members of the 
              reserve components.
Sec. 519. Pilot programs authorized in connection with SROTC units and 
              CSPI programs at Historically Black Colleges and 
              Universities and minority institutions.
Sec. 519A. Report regarding full-time National Guard duty in response 
              to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sec. 519B. Study and report on National Guard support to States 
              responding to major disasters.
Sec. 519C. Report on guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by 
              the National Guard.
Sec. 519D. Study and report on ROTC recruitment.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 521. Increased access to potential recruits.
Sec. 522. Sunset and transfer of functions of the Physical Disability 
              Board of Review.
Sec. 523. Honorary promotion matters.
Sec. 524. Exclusion of official photographs of members from records 
              furnished to promotion selection boards.
Sec. 525. Report regarding reviews of discharges and dismissals based 
              on sexual orientation.

Subtitle D--Prevention and Response To Sexual Assault, Harassment, and 
                           Related Misconduct

Sec. 531. Modification of time required for expedited decisions in 
              connection with applications for change of station or 
              unit transfer of members who are victims of sexual 
              assault or related offenses.
Sec. 532. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.
Sec. 533. Additional bases for provision of advice by the Defense 
              Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
              Misconduct.
Sec. 534. Additional matters for 2021 report of the Defense Advisory 
              Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 535. Inclusion of advisory duties on the Coast Guard Academy among 
              duties of Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention 
              of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 536. Modification of reporting and data collection on victims of 
              sexual offenses.
Sec. 537. Modification of annual report regarding sexual assaults 
              involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Coordination of support for survivors of sexual trauma.
Sec. 539. Policy for military service academies on separation of 
              alleged victims and alleged perpetrators in incidents of 
              sexual assault.
Sec. 539A. Safe-to-report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 539B. Accountability of leadership of the Department of Defense 
              for discharging the sexual harassment policies and 
              programs of the Department.
Sec. 539C. Reports on status of investigations of alleged sex-related 
              offenses.
Sec. 539D. Report on ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators 
              and Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim 
              Advocates to perform duties.
Sec. 539E. Briefing on Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 539F. Briefing on placement of members of the Armed Forces in 
              academic status who are victims of sexual assault onto 
              Non-Rated Periods.

          Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Right to notice of victims of offenses under the Uniform Code 
              of Military Justice regarding certain post-trial motions, 
              filings, and hearings.
Sec. 542. Qualifications of judges and standard of review for Courts of 
              Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 543. Preservation of court-martial records.
Sec. 544. Availability of records for National Instant Criminal 
              Background Check System.
Sec. 545. Removal of personally identifying and other information of 
              certain persons from investigative reports, the 
              Department of Defense Central Index of Investigations, 
              and other records and databases.
Sec. 546. Briefing on mental health support for vicarious trauma for 
              certain personnel in the military justice system.
Sec. 547. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
              implementation by the Armed Forces of recent GAO 
              recommendations and statutory requirements on assessment 
              of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the military 
              justice system.
Sec. 548. Legal assistance for veterans and surviving spouses and 
              dependents.
Sec. 549. Clarification of termination of leases of premises and motor 
              vehicles of servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury 
              or illness or die while in military service.
Sec. 549A. Multidisciplinary board to evaluate suicide events.

[[Page H6197]]

Sec. 549B. Improvements to Department of Defense tracking of and 
              response to incidents of child abuse, adult crimes 
              against children, and serious harmful behavior between 
              children and youth involving military dependents on 
              military installations.
Sec. 549C. Independent analysis and recommendations on domestic 
              violence in the Armed Forces.

                  Subtitle F--Diversity and Inclusion

Sec. 551.  Diversity and inclusion reporting requirements and related 
              matters.
Sec. 552. National emergency exception for timing requirements with 
              respect to certain surveys of members of the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 553. Questions regarding racism, anti-Semitism, and supremacism in 
              workplace surveys administered by the Secretary of 
              Defense.
Sec. 554. Inspector General oversight of diversity and inclusion in 
              Department of Defense; supremacist, extremist, or 
              criminal gang activity in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 555. Policy to improve responses to pregnancy and childbirth by 
              certain members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 556. Training on certain Department of Defense instructions for 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 557. Evaluation of barriers to minority participation in certain 
              units of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 558. Comptroller General of the United States report on equal 
              opportunity at the military service academies.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Extension of time to review World War I Valor Medals.
Sec. 562. Authorizations for certain awards.
Sec. 563. Feasibility study on establishment of service medal for 
              radiation-exposed veterans.
Sec. 564. Expressing support for the designation of Silver Star Service 
              Banner Day.

   Subtitle H--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 571. Mentorship and career counseling program for officers to 
              improve diversity in military leadership.
Sec. 572. Expansion of Skillbridge program to include the Coast Guard.
Sec. 573. Increase in number of permanent professors at the United 
              States Air Force Academy.
Sec. 574. Additional elements with 2021 and 2022 certifications on the 
              Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 575. Information on nominations and applications for military 
              service academies.
Sec. 576. Report on potential improvements to certain military 
              educational institutions of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. College of International Security Affairs of the National 
              Defense University.
Sec. 578. Improvements to the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line 
              programs of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 579. GAO study regarding transferability of military 
              certifications to civilian occupational licenses and 
              certifications.
Sec. 579A. Report regarding county, Tribal, and local veterans service 
              officers.

    Subtitle I--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 581. Family readiness: definitions; communication strategy; 
              review; report.
Sec. 582. Improvements to Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 583. Support services for members of special operations forces and 
              immediate family members.
Sec. 584. Responsibility for allocation of certain funds for military 
              child development programs.
Sec. 585. Military child care and child development center matters.
Sec. 586. Expansion of financial assistance under My Career Advancement 
              Account program.
Sec. 587. Improvements to partner criteria of the Military Spouse 
              Employment Partnership Program.
Sec. 588. 24-hour child care.
Sec. 589. Pilot program to provide financial assistance to members of 
              the Armed Forces for in-home child care.
Sec. 589A. Certain assistance to local educational agencies that 
              benefit dependents of military and civilian personnel.
Sec. 589B. Staffing of Department of Defense Education Activity schools 
              to maintain maximum student-to-teacher ratios.
Sec. 589C. Pilot program to expand eligibility for enrollment at 
              domestic dependent elementary and secondary schools.
Sec. 589D. Pilot program on expanded eligibility for Department of 
              Defense Education Activity Virtual High School program.
Sec. 589E. Training program regarding foreign malign influence 
              campaigns.
Sec. 589F. Study on cyberexploitation and online deception of members 
              of the Armed Forces and their families.
Sec. 589G. Matters relating to education for military dependent 
              students with special needs.
Sec. 589H. Studies and reports on the performance of the Department of 
              Defense Education Activity.

                 Subtitle J--Other Matters and Reports

Sec. 591. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain outlying areas in the Department of 
              Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 593. Postponement of conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance 
              Disposal Corps as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 594. Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Test special 
              purpose adjunct to address computational thinking.
Sec. 595. Extension of reporting deadline for the annual report on the 
              assessment of the effectiveness of activities of the 
              Federal Voting Assistance Program.
Sec. 596. Plan on performance of funeral honors details by members of 
              other Armed Forces when members of the Armed Force of the 
              deceased are unavailable.
Sec. 597. Study on financial impacts of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 on 
              members of the Armed Forces and best practices to prevent 
              future financial hardships.
Sec. 598. Limitation on implementation of Army Combat Fitness Test.
Sec. 599. Semiannual reports on implementation of recommendations of 
              the Comprehensive Review of Special Operations Forces 
              Culture and Ethics.
Sec. 599A. Report on impact of children of certain Filipino World War 
              II veterans on national security, foreign policy, and 
              economic and humanitarian interests of the United States.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

     SEC. 501. AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS OF GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS 
                   ON ACTIVE DUTY.

       (a) Exclusion of Certain General and Flag Officers of 
     Reserve Components on Active Duty From Strength 
     Limitations.--Section 526a of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (h) as 
     subsections (d) through (i), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Exclusion of Certain Officers of Reserve 
     Components.--The limitations of this section do not apply to 
     the following:
       ``(1) A general or flag officer of a reserve component who 
     is on active duty--
       ``(A) for training; or
       ``(B) under a call or order specifying a period of less 
     than 180 days.
       ``(2)(A) A general or flag officer of a reserve component 
     who is authorized by the Secretary of the military department 
     concerned to serve on active duty for a period of at least 
     180 days and not longer than 365 days.
       ``(B) The Secretary of the military department concerned 
     may authorize a number, determined under subparagraph (C), of 
     officers in the reserve component of each armed force under 
     the jurisdiction of that Secretary to serve as described in 
     subparagraph (A).
       ``(C) Each number described in subparagraph (B) may not 
     exceed 10 percent of the number of general or flag officers, 
     as the case may be, authorized to serve in the armed force 
     concerned under section 12004 of this title. In determining a 
     number under this subparagraph, any fraction shall be rounded 
     down to the next whole number that is greater than zero.
       ``(3)(A) A general or flag officer of a reserve component 
     who is on active duty for a period longer than 365 days and 
     not longer than three years.
       ``(B) The number of officers described in subparagraph (A) 
     who do not serve in a position that is a joint duty 
     assignment for purposes of chapter 38 of this title may not 
     exceed five per armed force, unless authorized by the 
     Secretary of Defense.''.
       (b) Allocation of Billets and Positions Among the Armed 
     Forces and for Joint Duty Assignments.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than May 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on the results of a study, conducted by the Secretary 
     for purposes of the report, on the following:
       (A) The allocation among the Armed Forces of billets and 
     positions for general and flag officers on active duty.
       (B) The allocation for joint duty assignments of billets 
     and positions for general and flag officers on active duty.
       (2) Consultation.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
     paragraph (1) in the consultation with the Secretaries of the 
     military departments and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
     Staff.
       (3) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A final plan to meet the authorized strengths of 
     general and flag officers on active duty after December, 31, 
     2022, as required by section 526a of title 10, United States 
     Code, which plan shall set forth the intended disposition of 
     each billet or position for general or flag officer in effect 
     as of the date of the enactment of this Act in order to meet 
     the objectives of the plan.
       (B) A recommendation by the Secretary of Defense as to the 
     appropriate grade level or levels for the billet or position 
     of commander of a component command within a combatant 
     command.
       (C) A recommendation by the Chairman of the Joint Chief of 
     Staff as to whether the billet or

[[Page H6198]]

     position of commander of a component command within a 
     combatant command should be considered a joint duty 
     assignment for purposes of section 526(b) or 526a(b) of title 
     10, United States Code.
       (D) A recommendation by the Secretary of Defense as to the 
     allocation of billets and positions for general and flag 
     officers on active duty among the Armed Forces within the 
     aggregate limitation specified in section 526a(a) of title 
     10, United States Code, including the allocation of such 
     billets and positions within the Space Force.
       (E) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
     considers appropriate.
       (c) Increase in Army Authorization for General Officers 
     Serving in Grade O-10.--
       (1) Increase.--Section 525(a)(1)(A) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by striking ``7'' and inserting 
     ``8''.
       (2) Conforming decrease in strength limitations for joint 
     duty requirements.--Section 526(b)(3)(A) of such title is 
     amended by striking ``20'' and inserting ``19''.
       (3) Construction of decrease as applying to generals.--The 
     reduction in number of positions excluded from authorized 
     strength limitations resulting from the amendment made by 
     paragraph (2) shall apply to positions in the grade of 
     general.

     SEC. 502. TEMPORARY EXPANSION OF AVAILABILITY OF ENHANCED 
                   CONSTRUCTIVE SERVICE CREDIT IN A PARTICULAR 
                   CAREER FIELD UPON ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A 
                   COMMISSIONED OFFICER.

       (a) Regular Officers.--Subparagraph (D) of section 
     533(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read 
     as follows:
       ``(D) Additional credit as follows:
       ``(i) For special training or experience in a particular 
     officer field as designated by the Secretary concerned, if 
     such training or experience is directly related to the 
     operational needs of the armed force concerned.
       ``(ii) During fiscal years 2021 through 2025, for advanced 
     education in an officer field so designated, if such 
     education is directly related to the operational needs of the 
     armed force concerned.''.
       (b) Reserve Officers.--Section 12207(b)(1) of such title is 
     amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), ``or a 
     designation in'' and all that follows through ``education or 
     training,'' and inserting ``and who has special training or 
     experience, or advanced education (if applicable),''; and
       (2) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the 
     following new subparagraph (D):
       ``(D) Additional credit as follows:
       ``(i) For special training or experience in a particular 
     officer field as designated by the Secretary concerned, if 
     such training or experience is directly related to the 
     operational needs of the armed force concerned.
       ``(ii) During fiscal years 2021 through 2025, for advanced 
     education in an officer field so designated, if such 
     education is directly related to the operational needs of the 
     armed force concerned.''.
       (c) Annual Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2022, and every 
     four years thereafter, each Secretary of a military 
     department shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on 
     the use of the authorities in subparagraph (D) of section 
     553(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
     subsection (a)), and subparagraph (D) of section 12207(b)(1) 
     of such title (as amended by subsection (b)) (each referred 
     to in this subsection as a ``constructive credit authority'') 
     during the preceding fiscal year for the Armed Forces under 
     the jurisdiction of such Secretary.
       (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, for the fiscal year and Armed Forces covered by such 
     report, the following:
       (A) The manner in which constructive service credit was 
     calculated under each constructive credit authority.
       (B) The number of officers credited constructive service 
     credit under each constructive credit authority.
       (C) A description and assessment of the utility of the 
     constructive credit authorities in meeting the operational 
     needs of the Armed Force concerned.
       (D) Such other matters in connection with the constructive 
     credit authorities as the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned considers appropriate.

     SEC. 503. DIVERSITY IN SELECTION BOARDS.

       (a) Requirement for Diverse Membership of Active Duty 
     Promotion Selection Boards.--
       (1) Officers.--Section 612(a)(1) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     sentence: ``The members of a selection board shall represent 
     the diverse population of the armed force concerned to the 
     extent practicable.''.
       (2) Warrant officers.--Section 573(b) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new sentence: ``The members of a selection board shall 
     represent the diverse population of the armed force concerned 
     to the extent practicable.''.
       (b) Requirement for Diverse Membership of Reserve Component 
     Promotion Selection Boards.--Section 14102(b) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new sentence: ``The members of a selection board 
     shall represent the diverse population of the armed force 
     concerned to the extent practicable.''.
       (c) Other Selection Boards.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
     the members of each selection board described in paragraph 
     (2) represent the diverse population of the Armed Force 
     concerned to the extent practicable.
       (2) Selection board described.--A selection board described 
     in this paragraph (1) is any selection board used with 
     respect to the promotion, education, or command assignments 
     of members of the Armed Forces that is not covered by the 
     amendments made by this section.

     SEC. 504. REQUIREMENT FOR PROMOTION SELECTION BOARD 
                   RECOMMENDATION OF HIGHER PLACEMENT ON PROMOTION 
                   LIST OF OFFICERS OF PARTICULAR MERIT.

       (a) In General.--Section 616(h) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall''; and
       (B) by inserting ``pursuant to guidelines and procedures 
     prescribed by the Secretary,'' after ``officers of particular 
     merit,''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, pursuant to 
     guidelines and procedures prescribed by the Secretary 
     concerned,'' after ``shall recommend''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to officers recommended for 
     promotion by promotion selection boards convened on or after 
     that date.

     SEC. 505. SPECIAL SELECTION REVIEW BOARDS FOR REVIEW OF 
                   PROMOTION OF OFFICERS SUBJECT TO ADVERSE 
                   INFORMATION IDENTIFIED AFTER RECOMMENDATION FOR 
                   PROMOTION AND RELATED MATTERS.

       (a) Regular Officers.--
       (1) In general.--Subchapter III of chapter 36 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 628 
     the following new section:

     ``Sec. 628a. Special selection review boards

       ``(a) In General.--(1) If the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned determines that a person recommended by 
     a promotion board for promotion to a grade at or below the 
     grade of major general, rear admiral in the Navy, or an 
     equivalent grade in the Space Force is the subject of 
     credible information of an adverse nature, including any 
     substantiated adverse finding or conclusion described in 
     section 615(a)(3)(A) of this title, that was not furnished to 
     the promotion board during its consideration of the person 
     for promotion as otherwise required by such section, the 
     Secretary shall convene a special selection review board 
     under this section to review the person and recommend whether 
     the recommendation for promotion of the person should be 
     sustained.
       ``(2) If a person and the recommendation for promotion of 
     the person is subject to review under this section by a 
     special selection review board convened under this section, 
     the name of the person--
       ``(A) shall not be disseminated or publicly released on the 
     list of officers recommended for promotion by the promotion 
     board recommending the promotion of the person; and
       ``(B) shall not be forwarded to the Secretary of Defense, 
     the President, or the Senate, as applicable, or included on a 
     promotion list under section 624(a) of this title.
       ``(b) Convening.--(1) Any special selection review board 
     convened under this section shall be convened in accordance 
     with the provisions of section 628(f) of this title.
       ``(2) Any special selection review board convened under 
     this section may review such number of persons, and 
     recommendations for promotion of such persons, as the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned shall specify 
     in convening such special selection review board.
       ``(c) Information Considered.--(1) In reviewing a person 
     and recommending whether the recommendation for promotion of 
     the person should be sustained under this section, a special 
     selection review board convened under this section shall be 
     furnished and consider the following:
       ``(A) The record and information concerning the person 
     furnished in accordance with section 615(a)(2) of this title 
     to the promotion board that recommended the person for 
     promotion.
       ``(B) Any credible information of an adverse nature on the 
     person, including any substantiated adverse finding or 
     conclusion from an officially documented investigation or 
     inquiry described in section 615(a)(3)(A) of this title.
       ``(2) The furnishing of information to a special selection 
     review board under paragraph (1)(B) shall be governed by the 
     standards and procedures referred to in paragraph (3)(C) of 
     section 615(a) of this title applicable to the furnishing of 
     information described in paragraph (3)(A) of such section to 
     selection boards in accordance with that section.
       ``(3)(A) Before information on a person described in 
     paragraph (1)(B) is furnished to a special selection review 
     board for purposes of this section, the Secretary of the 
     military department concerned shall ensure that--
       ``(i) such information is made available to the person; and
       ``(ii) subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), the person is 
     afforded a reasonable opportunity to submit comments on such 
     information to the special selection review board before its 
     review of the person and the recommendation for promotion of 
     the person under this section.
       ``(B) If information on a person described in paragraph 
     (1)(B) is not made available to the person as otherwise 
     required by subparagraph (A)(i) due to the classification 
     status of such information, the person shall, to the maximum 
     extent practicable, be furnished a summary of such 
     information appropriate to the person's authorization for 
     access to classified information.
       ``(C)(i) An opportunity to submit comments on information 
     is not required for a person under subparagraph (A)(ii) if--
       ``(I) such information was made available to the person in 
     connection with the furnishing of such information under 
     section 615(a) of this

[[Page H6199]]

     title to the promotion board that recommended the promotion 
     of the person subject to review under this section; and
       ``(II) the person submitted comments on such information to 
     that promotion board.
       ``(ii) The comments on information of a person described in 
     clause (i)(II) shall be furnished to the special selection 
     review board.
       ``(D) A person may waive either or both of the following:
       ``(i) The right to submit comments to a special selection 
     review board under subparagraph (A)(ii).
       ``(ii) The furnishing of comments to a special selection 
     review board under subparagraph (C)(ii).
       ``(d) Consideration.--(1) In considering the record and 
     information on a person under this section, the special 
     selection review board shall compare such record and 
     information with an appropriate sampling of the records of 
     those officers of the same competitive category who were 
     recommended for promotion by the promotion board that 
     recommended the person for promotion, and an appropriate 
     sampling of the records of those officers who were considered 
     by and not recommended for promotion by that promotion board.
       ``(2) Records and information shall be presented to a 
     special selection review board for purposes of paragraph (1) 
     in a manner that does not indicate or disclose the person or 
     persons for whom the special selection review board was 
     convened.
       ``(3) In considering whether the recommendation for 
     promotion of a person should be sustained under this section, 
     a special selection review board shall, to the greatest 
     extent practicable, apply standards used by the promotion 
     board that recommended the person for promotion.
       ``(4) The recommendation for promotion of a person may be 
     sustained under this section only if the special selection 
     review board determines that the person--
       ``(A) ranks on an order of merit created by the special 
     selection review board as better qualified for promotion than 
     the sample officer highest on the order of merit list who was 
     considered by and not recommended for promotion by the 
     promotion board concerned; and
       ``(B) is comparable in qualification for promotion to those 
     sample officers who were recommended for promotion by that 
     promotion board.
       ``(5) A recommendation for promotion of a person may be 
     sustained under this section only by a vote of a majority of 
     the members of the special selection review board.
       ``(6) If a special selection review board does not sustain 
     a recommendation for promotion of a person under this 
     section, the person shall be considered to have failed of 
     selection for promotion.
       ``(e) Reports.--(1) Each special selection review board 
     convened under this section shall submit to the Secretary of 
     the military department concerned a written report, signed by 
     each member of the board, containing the name of each person 
     whose recommendation for promotion it recommends for 
     sustainment and certifying that the board has carefully 
     considered the record and information of each person whose 
     name was referred to it.
       ``(2) The provisions of sections 617(b) and 618 of this 
     title apply to the report and proceedings of a special 
     selection review board convened under this section in the 
     same manner as they apply to the report and proceedings of a 
     promotion board convened under section 611(a) of this title.
       ``(f) Appointment of Persons.--(1) If the report of a 
     special selection review board convened under this section 
     recommends the sustainment of the recommendation for 
     promotion to the next higher grade of a person whose name was 
     referred to it for review under this section, and the 
     President approves the report, the person shall, as soon as 
     practicable, be appointed to that grade in accordance with 
     subsections (b) and (c) of section 624 of this title.
       ``(2) A person who is appointed to the next higher grade as 
     described in paragraph (1) shall, upon that appointment, have 
     the same date of rank, the same effective date for the pay 
     and allowances of that grade, and the same position on the 
     active-duty list as the person would have had pursuant to the 
     original recommendation for promotion of the promotion board 
     concerned.
       ``(g) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
     prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Such 
     regulations shall apply uniformly across the military 
     departments.
       ``(2) Any regulation prescribed by the Secretary of a 
     military department to supplement the regulations prescribed 
     pursuant to paragraph (1) may not take effect without the 
     approval of the Secretary of Defense, in writing.
       ``(h) Promotion Board Defined.--In this section, the term 
     `promotion board 'means a selection board convened by the 
     Secretary of a military department under section 611(a) of 
     this title.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter III of chapter 36 of such title is 
     amended by inserting after the item relating to section 628 
     the following new item:
``628a. Special selection review boards.''.
       (3) Delay in promotion.--Section 624(d) of such title is 
     amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (ii) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; or''; and
       (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new 
     subparagraph (F):
       ``(F) the Secretary of the military department concerned 
     determines that credible information of an adverse nature, 
     including a substantiated adverse finding or conclusion 
     described in section 615(a)(3)(A) of this title, with respect 
     to the officer will result in the convening of a special 
     selection review board under section 628a of this title to 
     review the officer and recommend whether the recommendation 
     for promotion of the officer should be sustained.'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
     (4) and (5), respectively;
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed 
     pursuant to paragraph (1)(F) and whose recommendation for 
     promotion is sustained, authorities for the promotion of the 
     officer are specified in section 628a(f) of this title.''; 
     and
       (D) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by subparagraph (B)--
       (i) by striking ``The appointment'' and inserting ``(A) 
     Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the appointment''; 
     and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed 
     pursuant to paragraph (1)(F), requirements applicable to 
     notice and opportunity for response to such delay are 
     specified in section 628a(c)(3) of this title.''.
       (b) Reserve Officers.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 1407 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 14502 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 14502a. Special selection review boards

       ``(a) In General.--(1) If the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned determines that a person recommended by 
     a promotion board for promotion to a grade at or below the 
     grade of major general or rear admiral in the Navy is the 
     subject of credible information of an adverse nature, 
     including any substantiated adverse finding or conclusion 
     described in section 14107(a)(3)(A) of this title, that was 
     not furnished to the promotion board during its consideration 
     of the person for promotion as otherwise required by such 
     section, the Secretary shall convene a special selection 
     review board under this section to review the person and 
     recommend whether the recommendation for promotion of the 
     person should be sustained.
       ``(2) If a person and the recommendation for promotion of 
     the person is subject to review under this section by a 
     special selection review board convened under this section, 
     the name of the person--
       ``(A) shall not be disseminated or publicly released on the 
     list of officers recommended for promotion by the promotion 
     board recommending the promotion of the person; and
       ``(B) shall not be forwarded to the Secretary of Defense, 
     the President, or the Senate, as applicable, or included on a 
     promotion list under section 14308(a) of this title.
       ``(b) Convening.--(1) Any special selection review board 
     convened under this section shall be convened in accordance 
     with the provisions of section 14502(b)(2) of this title.
       ``(2) Any special selection review board convened under 
     this section may review such number of persons, and 
     recommendations for promotion of such persons, as the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned shall specify 
     in convening such special selection review board.
       ``(c) Information Considered.--(1) In reviewing a person 
     and recommending whether the recommendation for promotion of 
     the person should be sustained under this section, a special 
     selection review board convened under this section shall be 
     furnished and consider the following:
       ``(A) The record and information concerning the person 
     furnished in accordance with section 14107(a)(2) of this 
     title to the promotion board that recommended the person for 
     promotion.
       ``(B) Any credible information of an adverse nature on the 
     person, including any substantiated adverse finding or 
     conclusion from an officially documented investigation or 
     inquiry described in section 14107(a)(3)(A) of this title.
       ``(2) The furnishing of information to a special selection 
     review board under paragraph (1)(B) shall be governed by the 
     standards and procedures referred to in paragraph (3)(B) of 
     section 14107(a) of this title applicable to the furnishing 
     of information described in paragraph (3)(A) of such section 
     to promotion boards in accordance with that section.
       ``(3)(A) Before information on person described in 
     paragraph (1)(B) is furnished to a special selection review 
     board for purposes of this section, the Secretary of the 
     military department concerned shall ensure that--
       ``(i) such information is made available to the person; and
       ``(ii) subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), the person is 
     afforded a reasonable opportunity to submit comments on such 
     information to the special selection review board before its 
     review of the person and the recommendation for promotion of 
     the person under this section.
       ``(B) If information on an officer described in paragraph 
     (1)(B) is not made available to the person as otherwise 
     required by subparagraph (A)(i) due to the classification 
     status of such information, the person shall, to the maximum 
     extent practicable, be furnished a summary of such 
     information appropriate to the person's authorization for 
     access to classified information.
       ``(C)(i) An opportunity to submit comments on information 
     is not required for a person under subparagraph (A)(ii) if--
       ``(I) such information was made available to the person in 
     connection with the furnishing of such information under 
     section 14107(a) of this title to the promotion board that 
     recommended the promotion of the person subject to review 
     under this section; and
       ``(II) the person submitted comments on such information to 
     that promotion board.

[[Page H6200]]

       ``(ii) The comments on information of a person described in 
     clause (i)(II) shall be furnished to the special selection 
     review board.
       ``(D) A person may waive either or both of the following:
       ``(i) The right to submit comments to a special selection 
     review board under subparagraph (A)(ii).
       ``(ii) The furnishing of comments to a special selection 
     review board under subparagraph (C)(ii).
       ``(d) Consideration.--(1) In considering the record and 
     information on a person under this section, the special 
     selection review board shall compare such record and 
     information with an appropriate sampling of the records of 
     those officers of the same competitive category who were 
     recommended for promotion by the promotion board that 
     recommended the person for promotion, and an appropriate 
     sampling of the records of those officers who were considered 
     by and not recommended for promotion by that promotion board.
       ``(2) Records and information shall be presented to a 
     special selection review board for purposes of paragraph (1) 
     in a manner that does not indicate or disclose the person or 
     persons for whom the special selection review board was 
     convened.
       ``(3) In considering whether the recommendation for 
     promotion of a person should be sustained under this section, 
     a special selection review board shall, to the greatest 
     extent practicable, apply standards used by the promotion 
     board that recommended the person for promotion.
       ``(4) The recommendation for promotion of a person may be 
     sustained under this section only if the special selection 
     review board determines that the person--
       ``(A) ranks on an order of merit created by the special 
     selection review board as better qualified for promotion than 
     the sample officer highest on the order of merit list who was 
     considered by and not recommended for promotion by the 
     promotion board concerned; and
       ``(B) is comparable in qualification for promotion to those 
     sample officers who were recommended for promotion by that 
     promotion board.
       ``(5) A recommendation for promotion of a person may be 
     sustained under this section only by a vote of a majority of 
     the members of the special selection review board.
       ``(6) If a special selection review board does not sustain 
     a recommendation for promotion of a person under this 
     section, the person shall be considered to have failed of 
     selection for promotion.
       ``(e) Reports.--(1) Each special selection review board 
     convened under this section shall submit to the Secretary of 
     the military department concerned a written report, signed by 
     each member of the board, containing the name of each person 
     whose recommendation for promotion it recommends for 
     sustainment and certifying that the board has carefully 
     considered the record and information of each person whose 
     name was referred to it.
       ``(2) The provisions of sections 14109(c), 14110, and 14111 
     of this title apply to the report and proceedings of a 
     special selection review board convened under this section in 
     the same manner as they apply to the report and proceedings 
     of a promotion board convened under section 14101(a) of this 
     title.
       ``(f) Appointment of Persons.--(1) If the report of a 
     special selection review board convened under this section 
     recommends the sustainment of the recommendation for 
     promotion to the next higher grade of a person whose name was 
     referred to it for review under this section, and the 
     President approves the report, the person shall, as soon as 
     practicable, be appointed to that grade in accordance with 
     section 14308 of this title.
       ``(2) A person who is appointed to the next higher grade as 
     described in paragraph (1) shall, upon that appointment, have 
     the same date of rank, the same effective date for the pay 
     and allowances of that grade, and the same position on the 
     reserve active-status list as the person would have had 
     pursuant to the original recommendation for promotion of the 
     promotion board concerned.
       ``(g) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
     prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Such 
     regulations shall apply uniformly across the military 
     departments.
       ``(2) Any regulation prescribed by the Secretary of a 
     military department to supplement the regulations prescribed 
     pursuant to paragraph (1) may not take effect without the 
     approval of the Secretary of Defense, in writing.
       ``(h) Promotion Board Defined.--In this section, the term 
     `promotion board 'means a selection board convened by the 
     Secretary of a military department under section 14101(a) of 
     this title.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 1407 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 14502 the 
     following new item:
``14502a. Special selection review boards.''.
       (3) Delay in promotion.--Section 14311 of such title is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)--
       (i) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following 
     new subparagraph:
       ``(F) The Secretary of the military department concerned 
     determines that credible information of adverse nature, 
     including a substantiated adverse finding or conclusion 
     described in section 14107(a)(3)(A) of this title, with 
     respect to the officer will result in the convening of a 
     special selection review board under section 14502a of this 
     title to review the officer and recommend whether the 
     recommendation for promotion of the officer should be 
     sustained.''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed 
     pursuant to paragraph (1)(F) and whose recommendation for 
     promotion is sustained, authorities for the promotion of the 
     officer are specified in section 14502a(f) of this title.''; 
     and
       (B) in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), in the case 
     of an officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant to 
     subsection (a)(1)(F), requirements applicable to notice and 
     opportunity for response to such delay are specified in 
     section 14502a(c)(3) of this title.''.
       (c) Requirements for Furnishing Adverse Information on 
     Regular Officers to Promotion Selection Boards.--
       (1) Extension of requirements to space force regular 
     officers.--Subparagraph (B)(i) of section 615(a)(3) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``or, in the 
     case of the Navy, lieutenant'' and inserting ``, in the case 
     of the Navy, lieutenant, or in the case of the Space Force, 
     the equivalent grade''.
       (2) Satisfaction of requirements through special selection 
     review boards.--Such section is further amended by adding at 
     the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(D) With respect to the consideration of an officer for 
     promotion to a grade at or below major general, in the case 
     of the Navy, rear admiral, or, in the case of the Space 
     Force, the equivalent grade, the requirements in 
     subparagraphs (A) and (C) may be met through the convening 
     and actions of a special selection review board with respect 
     to the officer under section 628a of this title.''.
       (3) Delayed applicability of requirements to boards for 
     promotion of officers to non-general and flag officer 
     grades.--Subsection (c) of section 502 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
     116-92; 133 Stat. 1344) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(c) Effective Date and Applicability.--
       ``(1) Effective date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on December 20, 2019, and shall, except as 
     provided in paragraph (2), apply with respect to the 
     proceedings of promotion selection boards convened under 
     section 611(a) of title 10, United States Code, after that 
     date.
       ``(2) Delayed applicability for boards for promotion to 
     non-general and flag officer grades.--The amendments made 
     this section shall apply with respect to the proceedings of 
     promotion selection boards convened under section 611(a) of 
     title 10, United States Code, for consideration of officers 
     for promotion to a grade below the grade of brigadier general 
     or, in the case of the Navy, rear admiral (lower half), only 
     if such boards are so convened after January 1, 2021.''.
       (d) Requirements for Furnishing Adverse Information on 
     Reserve Officers to Promotion Selection Boards.--Section 
     14107(a)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
       (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
     striking ``colonel, or, in the case of the Navy, captain'' 
     and inserting ``lieutenant colonel, or, in the case of the 
     Navy, commander''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs
       ``(B) The standards and procedures referred to in 
     subparagraph (A) shall require the furnishing to the 
     selection board, and to each individual member of the board, 
     the information described in that subparagraph with regard to 
     an officer in a grade specified in that subparagraph at each 
     stage or phase of the selection board, concurrent with the 
     screening, rating, assessment, evaluation, discussion, or 
     other consideration by the board or member of the official 
     military personnel file of the officer, or of the officer.
       ``(C) With respect to the consideration of an officer for 
     promotion to a grade at or below major general or, in the 
     Navy, rear admiral, the requirements in subparagraphs (A) and 
     (B) may be met through the convening and actions of a special 
     selection board with respect to the officer under section 
     14502a of this title.''.

     SEC. 506. NUMBER OF OPPORTUNITIES FOR CONSIDERATION FOR 
                   PROMOTION UNDER ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION 
                   AUTHORITY.

       Section 649c of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) Inapplicability of Requirement Relating to 
     Opportunities for Consideration for Promotion.--Section 
     645(1)(A)(i)(I) of this title shall not apply to the 
     promotion of officers described in subsection (a) to the 
     extent that such section is inconsistent with a number of 
     opportunities for promotion specified pursuant to section 
     649d of this title.''.

     SEC. 507. MANDATORY RETIREMENT FOR AGE.

       (a) General Rule.--Subsection (a) of section 1251 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``or Marine Corps,'' and inserting ``Marine 
     Corps, or Space Force''; and
       (2) by inserting ``or separated, as specified in subsection 
     (e),'' after ``shall be retired''.
       (b) Deferred Retirement or Separation of Health Professions 
     Officers.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or 
     Separation'' after ``Retirement''; and
       (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or separation'' after 
     ``retirement''.
       (c) Deferred Retirement or Separation of Other Officers.--
     Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``of Chaplains'' 
     and inserting ``or Separation of Other Officers'';

[[Page H6201]]

       (2) by inserting ``or separation'' after ``retirement''; 
     and
       (3) by striking ``an officer who is appointed or designated 
     as a chaplain'' and inserting ``any officer other than a 
     health professions officer described in subsection (b)(2)''.
       (d) Retirement or Separation Based on Years of Creditable 
     Service.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
     end the following new subsection:
       ``(e) Retirement or Separation Based on Years of Creditable 
     Service.--(1) The following rules shall apply to a regular 
     commissioned officer who is to be retired or separated under 
     subsection (a):
       ``(A) If the officer has at least 6 but fewer than 20 years 
     of creditable service, the officer shall be separated, with 
     separation pay computed under section 1174(d)(1) of this 
     title.
       ``(B) If the officer has fewer than 6 years of creditable 
     service, the officer shall be separated under subsection (a).
       ``(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), in the case of a 
     regular commissioned officer who was added to the retired 
     list before the date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) 
     Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2021, the officer shall be retired, with retired pay computed 
     under section 1401 of this title.''.

     SEC. 508. CLARIFYING AND IMPROVING RESTATEMENT OF RULES ON 
                   THE RETIRED GRADE OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

       (a) Restatement.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 69 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking section 1370 and inserting the 
     following new sections:

     ``Sec. 1370. Regular commissioned officers

       ``(a) Retirement in Highest Grade in Which Served 
     Satisfactorily.--
       ``(1) In general.--Unless entitled to a different retired 
     grade under some other provision of law, a commissioned 
     officer (other than a commissioned warrant officer) of the 
     Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space Force who 
     retires under any provision of law other than chapter 61 or 
     1223 of this title shall be retired in the highest permanent 
     grade in which such officer is determined to have served on 
     active duty satisfactorily.
       ``(2) Determination of satisfactory service.--The 
     determination of satisfactory service of an officer in a 
     grade under paragraph (1) shall be made as follows:
       ``(A) By the Secretary of the military department 
     concerned, if the officer is serving in a grade at or below 
     the grade of major general, rear admiral in the Navy, or the 
     equivalent grade in the Space Force.
       ``(B) By the Secretary of Defense, if the officer is 
     serving or has served in a grade above the grade of major 
     general, rear admiral in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in 
     the Space Force.
       ``(3) Effect of misconduct in lower grade in 
     determination.--If the Secretary of a military department or 
     the Secretary of Defense, as applicable, determines that an 
     officer committed misconduct in a lower grade than the 
     retirement grade otherwise provided for the officer by this 
     section--
       ``(A) such Secretary may deem the officer to have not 
     served satisfactorily in any grade equal to or higher than 
     such lower grade for purposes of determining the retirement 
     grade of the officer under this section; and
       ``(B) the grade next lower to such lower grade shall be the 
     retired grade of the officer under this section.
       ``(4) Nature of retirement of certain reserve officers and 
     officers in temporary grades.--A reserve officer, or an 
     officer appointed to a position under section 601 of this 
     title, who is notified that the officer will be released from 
     active duty without the officer's consent and thereafter 
     requests retirement under section 7311, 8323, or 9311 of this 
     title and is retired pursuant to that request is considered 
     for purposes of this section to have been retired 
     involuntarily.
       ``(5) Nature of retirement of certain removed officers.--An 
     officer retired pursuant to section 1186(b)(1) of this title 
     is considered for purposes of this section to have been 
     retired voluntarily.
       ``(b) Retirement of Officers Retiring Voluntarily.--
       ``(1) Service-in-grade requirement.--In order to be 
     eligible for voluntary retirement under any provision of this 
     title in a grade above the grade of captain in the Army, Air 
     Force, or Marine Corps, lieutenant in the Navy, or the 
     equivalent grade in the Space Force, a commissioned officer 
     of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space Force 
     must have served on active duty in that grade for a period of 
     not less than three years, except that--
       ``(A) subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense 
     may reduce such period to a period of not less than two years 
     for any officer; and
       ``(B) in the case of an officer to be retired in a grade at 
     or below the grade of major general in the Army, Air Force, 
     or Marine Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent 
     grade in the Space Force, the Secretary of Defense may 
     authorize the Secretary of the military department concerned 
     to reduce such period to a period of not less than two years.
       ``(2) Limitation on delegation.--The authority of the 
     Secretary of Defense in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) may 
     not be delegated. The authority of the Secretary of a 
     military department in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), as 
     delegated to such Secretary pursuant to such subparagraph, 
     may not be further delegated.
       ``(3) Waiver of requirement.--Subject to subsection (c), 
     the President may waive the application of the service-in-
     grade requirement in paragraph (1) to officers covered by 
     that paragraph in individual cases involving extreme hardship 
     or exceptional or unusual circumstances. The authority of the 
     President under this paragraph may not be delegated.
       ``(4) Limitation on reduction or waiver of requirement for 
     officers under investigation or pending misconduct.--In the 
     case of an officer to be retired in a grade above the grade 
     of colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, captain 
     in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space Force, the 
     service-in-grade requirement in paragraph (1) may not be 
     reduced pursuant to that paragraph, or waived pursuant to 
     paragraph (3), while the officer is under investigation for 
     alleged misconduct or while there is pending the disposition 
     of an adverse personnel action against the officer.
       ``(5) Grade and fiscal year limitations on reduction or 
     waiver of requirements.--The aggregate number of members of 
     an armed force in a grade for whom reductions are made under 
     paragraph (1), and waivers are made under paragraph (3), in a 
     fiscal year may not exceed--
       ``(A) in the case of officers to be retired in a grade at 
     or below the grade of major in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
     Corps, lieutenant commander in the Navy, or the equivalent 
     grade in the Space Force, the number equal to two percent of 
     the authorized active-duty strength for that fiscal year for 
     officers of that armed force in that grade;
       ``(B) in the case of officers to be retired in the grade of 
     lieutenant colonel or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or 
     Marine Corps, commander or captain in the Navy, or an 
     equivalent grade in the Space Force, the number equal to four 
     percent of the authorized active-duty strength for that 
     fiscal year for officers of that armed force in the 
     applicable grade; or
       ``(C) in the case of officers to be retired in the grade of 
     brigadier general or major general in the Army, Air Force, or 
     Marine Corps, rear admiral (lower half) or rear admiral in 
     the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, the 
     number equal to 10 percent of the authorized active-duty 
     strength for that fiscal year for officers of that armed 
     force in the applicable grade.
       ``(6) Notice to congress on reduction or waiver of 
     requirements for general, flag, and equivalent officer 
     grades.--In the case of an officer to be retired in a grade 
     that is a general or flag officer grade, or an equivalent 
     grade in the Space Force, who is eligible to retire in that 
     grade only by reason of an exercise of the authority in 
     paragraph (1) to reduce the service-in-grade requirement in 
     that paragraph, or the authority in paragraph (3) to waive 
     that requirement, the Secretary of Defense or the President, 
     as applicable, shall, not later than 60 days prior to the 
     date on which the officer will be retired in that grade, 
     notify the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives of the exercise of the applicable 
     authority with respect to that officer.
       ``(7) Retirement in next lowest grade for officers not 
     meeting requirement.--An officer described in paragraph (1) 
     whose length of service in the highest grade held by the 
     officer while on active duty does not meet the period of the 
     service-in-grade requirement applicable to the officer under 
     this subsection shall, subject to subsection (c), be retired 
     in the next lower grade in which the officer served on active 
     duty satisfactorily, as determined by the Secretary of the 
     military department concerned or the Secretary of Defense, as 
     applicable.
       ``(c) Officers in O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
       ``(1) In general.--An officer of the Army, Navy, Air Force, 
     Marine Corps, or Space Force who is serving or has served in 
     a position of importance and responsibility designated by the 
     President to carry the grade of lieutenant general or general 
     in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or 
     admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space 
     Force under section 601 of this title may be retired in such 
     grade under subsection (a) only after the Secretary of 
     Defense certifies in writing to the President and the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives that the officer served on active duty 
     satisfactorily in such grade.
       ``(2) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of the 
     Secretary of Defense to make a certification with respect to 
     an officer under paragraph (1) may not be delegated.
       ``(3) Requirements in connection with certification.--A 
     certification with respect to an officer under paragraph (1) 
     shall--
       ``(A) be submitted by the Secretary of Defense such that it 
     is received by the President and the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives not 
     later than 60 days prior to the date on which the officer 
     will be retired in the grade concerned;
       ``(B) include an up-to-date copy of the military biography 
     of the officer; and
       ``(C) include the statement of the Secretary as to whether 
     or not potentially adverse, adverse, or reportable 
     information regarding the officer was considered by the 
     Secretary in making the certification.
       ``(4) Construction with other notice.--In the case of an 
     officer under paragraph (1) to whom a reduction in the 
     service-in-grade requirement under subsection (b)(1) or 
     waiver under subsection (b)(3) applies, the requirement for 
     notification under subsection (b)(6) is satisfied if the 
     notification is included in the certification submitted by 
     the Secretary of Defense under paragraph (1).
       ``(d) Conditional Retirement Grade and Retirement for 
     Officers Pending Investigation or Adverse Action.--
       ``(1) In general.--When an officer serving in a grade at or 
     below the grade of major general in the Army, Air Force, or 
     Marine Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent 
     grade in the Space Force is under investigation for alleged 
     misconduct or pending the disposition of an adverse personnel 
     action at the time of retirement, the Secretary of the 
     military department concerned may--

[[Page H6202]]

       ``(A) conditionally determine the highest permanent grade 
     of satisfactory service on active duty of the officer pending 
     completion of the investigation or resolution of the 
     personnel action, as applicable; and
       ``(B) retire the officer in that conditional grade, subject 
     to subsection (e).
       ``(2) Officers in o-9 and o-10 grades.--When an officer 
     described by subsection (c)(1) is under investigation for 
     alleged misconduct or pending the disposition of an adverse 
     personnel action at the time of retirement, the Secretary of 
     Defense may--
       ``(A) conditionally determine the highest permanent grade 
     of satisfactory service on active duty of the officer, 
     pending completion of the investigation or personnel action, 
     as applicable; and
       ``(B) retire the officer in that conditional grade, subject 
     to subsection (e).
       ``(3) Reduction or waiver of service-in-grade requirement 
     prohibited for general, flag, and equivalent officer 
     grades.--In conditionally determining the retirement grade of 
     an officer under paragraph (1)(A) or (2)(A) of this 
     subsection to be a grade above the grade of colonel in the 
     Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, captain in the Navy, or the 
     equivalent grade in the Space Force, the service-in-grade 
     requirement in subsection (b)(1) may not be reduced pursuant 
     to subsection (b)(1) or waived pursuant to subsection (b)(3).
       ``(4) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of the 
     Secretary of a military department under paragraph (1) may 
     not be delegated. The authority of the Secretary of Defense 
     under paragraph (2) may not be delegated.
       ``(e) Final Retirement Grade Following Resolution of 
     Pending Investigation or Adverse Action.--
       ``(1) No change from conditional retirement grade.--If the 
     resolution of an investigation or personnel action with 
     respect to an officer who has been retired in a conditional 
     retirement grade pursuant to subsection (d) results in a 
     determination that the conditional retirement grade in which 
     the officer was retired will not be changed, the conditional 
     retirement grade of the officer shall, subject to paragraph 
     (3), be the final retired grade of the officer.
       ``(2) Change from conditional retirement grade.--If the 
     resolution of an investigation or personnel action with 
     respect to an officer who has been retired in a conditional 
     retirement grade pursuant to subsection (d) results in a 
     determination that the conditional retirement grade in which 
     the officer was retired should be changed, the changed 
     retirement grade shall be the final retired grade of the 
     officer under this section, except that if the final 
     retirement grade provided for an officer pursuant to this 
     paragraph is the grade of lieutenant general or general in 
     the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral 
     in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, the 
     requirements in subsection (c) shall apply in connection with 
     the retirement of the officer in such final retirement grade.
       ``(3) Recalculation of retired pay.--
       ``(A) In general.--If the final retired grade of an officer 
     is as a result of a change under paragraph (2), the retired 
     pay of the officer under chapter 71 of this title shall be 
     recalculated accordingly, with any modification of the 
     retired pay of the officer to go into effect as of the date 
     of the retirement of the officer.
       ``(B) Payment of higher amount for period of conditional 
     retirement grade.--If the recalculation of the retired pay of 
     an officer results in an increase in retired pay, the officer 
     shall be paid the amount by which such increased retired pay 
     exceeded the amount of retired pay paid the officer for 
     retirement in the officer's conditional grade during the 
     period beginning on the date of the retirement of the officer 
     in such conditional grade and ending on the effective date of 
     the change of the officer's retired grade. For an officer 
     whose retired grade is determined pursuant to subsection (c), 
     the effective date of the change of the officer's retired 
     grade for purposes of this subparagraph shall be the date 
     that is 60 days after the date on which the Secretary of 
     Defense submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives the certification 
     required by subsection (c) in connection with the retired 
     grade of the officer.
       ``(C) Recoupment of overage during period of conditional 
     retirement grade.--If the recalculation of the retired pay of 
     an officer results in a decrease in retired pay, there shall 
     be recouped from the officer the amount by which the amount 
     of retired pay paid the officer for retirement in the 
     officer's conditional grade exceeded such decreased retired 
     pay during the period beginning on the date of the retirement 
     of the officer in such conditional grade and ending on the 
     effective date of the change of the officer's retired grade.
       ``(f) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except for a conditional determination 
     authorized by subsection (d), a determination of the retired 
     grade of an officer pursuant to this section is 
     administratively final on the day the officer is retired, and 
     may not be reopened, except as provided in paragraph (2).
       ``(2) Reopening.--A final determination of the retired 
     grade of an officer may be reopened as follows:
       ``(A) If the retirement or retired grade of the officer was 
     procured by fraud.
       ``(B) If substantial evidence comes to light after the 
     retirement that could have led to determination of a 
     different retired grade under this section if known by 
     competent authority at the time of retirement.
       ``(C) If a mistake of law or calculation was made in the 
     determination of the retired grade.
       ``(D) If the applicable Secretary determines, pursuant to 
     regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, that good 
     cause exists to reopen the determination of retired grade.
       ``(3) Applicable secretary.--For purposes of this 
     subsection, the applicable Secretary for purposes of a 
     determination or action specified in this subsection is--
       ``(A) the Secretary of the military department concerned, 
     in the case of an officer retired in a grade at or below the 
     grade of major general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
     Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in 
     the Space Force; or
       ``(B) the Secretary of Defense, in the case of an officer 
     retired in a grade of lieutenant general or general in the 
     Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral in 
     the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force.
       ``(4) Notice and limitation.--If a final determination of 
     the retired grade of an officer is reopened in accordance 
     with paragraph (2), the applicable Secretary--
       ``(A) shall notify the officer of the reopening; and
       ``(B) may not make an adverse determination on the retired 
     grade of the officer until the officer has had a reasonable 
     opportunity to respond regarding the basis for the reopening 
     of the officer's retired grade.
       ``(5) Additional notice on reopening for officers retired 
     in o-9 and o-10 grades.--If the determination of the retired 
     grade of an officer whose retired grade was provided for 
     pursuant to subsection (c) is reopened, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall also notify the President and the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives.
       ``(6) Manner of making of change.--If the retired grade of 
     an officer is proposed to be changed through the reopening of 
     the final determination of an officer's retired grade under 
     this subsection, the change in grade shall be made--
       ``(A) in the case of an officer whose retired grade is to 
     be changed to a grade at or below the grade of major general 
     in the Army, Air Force or Marine Corps, rear admiral in the 
     Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space Force, in 
     accordance with subsections (a) and (b)--
       ``(i) by the Secretary of Defense (who may delegate such 
     authority only as authorized by clause (ii)); or
       ``(ii) if authorized by the Secretary of Defense, by the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned (who may not 
     further delegate such authority);
       ``(B) in the case of an officer whose retired grade is to 
     be changed to the grade of lieutenant general or general in 
     the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral 
     in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, by 
     the President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
     Senate.
       ``(7) Recalculation of retired pay.--If the final retired 
     grade of an officer is changed through the reopening of the 
     officer's retired grade under this subsection, the retired 
     pay of the officer under chapter 71 of this title shall be 
     recalculated. Any modification of the retired pay of the 
     officer as a result of the change shall go into effect on the 
     effective date of the change of the officer's retired grade, 
     and the officer shall not be entitled or subject to any 
     changed amount of retired pay for any period before such 
     effective date. An officer whose retired grade is changed as 
     provided in paragraph (6)(B) shall not be entitled or subject 
     to a change in retired pay for any period before the date on 
     which the Senate provides advice and consent for the 
     retirement of the officer in such grade.
       ``(g) Highest Permanent Grade Defined.--In this section, 
     the term `highest permanent grade' means a grade at or below 
     the grade of major general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
     Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in 
     the Space Force.

     ``Sec. 1370a. Officers entitled to retired pay for non-
       regular service

       ``(a) Retirement in Highest Grade Held Satisfactorily.--
     Unless entitled to a different grade, or to credit for 
     satisfactory service in a different grade under some other 
     provision of law, a person who is entitled to retired pay 
     under chapter 1223 of this title shall, upon application 
     under section 12731 of this title, be credited with 
     satisfactory service in the highest permanent grade in which 
     that person served satisfactorily at any time in the armed 
     forces, as determined by the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned in accordance with this section.
       ``(b) Service-in-grade Requirement for Officers in Grades 
     Below O-5.--In order to be credited with satisfactory service 
     in an officer grade (other than a warrant officer grade) 
     below the grade of lieutenant colonel or commander (in the 
     case of the Navy), a person covered by subsection (a) must 
     have served satisfactorily in that grade (as determined by 
     the Secretary of the military department concerned) as a 
     reserve commissioned officer in an active status, or in a 
     retired status on active duty, for not less than six months.
       ``(c) Service-in-grade Requirement for Offices in Grades 
     Above O-4.--
       ``(1) In general.--In order to be credited with 
     satisfactory service in an officer grade above major or 
     lieutenant commander (in the case of the Navy), a person 
     covered by subsection (a) must have served satisfactorily in 
     that grade (as determined by the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned) as a reserve commissioned officer in an 
     active status, or in a retired status on active duty, for not 
     less than three years.
       ``(2) Satisfaction of requirement by certain officers not 
     completing three years.--A person covered by paragraph (1) 
     who has completed at least six months of satisfactory service 
     in grade may be credited with satisfactory service in the 
     grade in which serving at the time of transfer or discharge, 
     notwithstanding failure of the person to complete three years 
     of

[[Page H6203]]

     service in that grade, if the person is transferred from an 
     active status or discharged as a reserve commissioned 
     officer--
       ``(A) solely due to the requirements of a nondiscretionary 
     provision of law requiring that transfer or discharge due to 
     the person's age or years of service; or
       ``(B) because the person no longer meets the qualifications 
     for membership in the Ready Reserve solely because of a 
     physical disability, as determined in accordance with chapter 
     61 of this title, and at the time of such transfer or 
     discharge the person (pursuant to section 12731b of this 
     title or otherwise) meets the service requirements 
     established by section 12731(a) of this title for eligibility 
     for retired pay under chapter 1223 of this title, unless the 
     disability is described in section 12731b of this title.
       ``(3) Reduction in service-in-grade requirements.--
       ``(A) Officers in grades below general and flag officer 
     grades.--In the case of a person to be retired in a grade 
     below brigadier general or rear admiral (lower half) in the 
     Navy, the Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of 
     a military department to reduce, subject to subparagraph (B), 
     the three-year period of service-in-grade required by 
     paragraph (1) to a period not less than two years. The 
     authority of the Secretary of a military department under 
     this subparagraph may not be delegated.
       ``(B) Limitation.--The number of reserve commissioned 
     officers of an armed force in the same grade for whom a 
     reduction is made under subparagraph (A) during any fiscal 
     year in the period of service-in-grade otherwise required by 
     paragraph (1) may not exceed the number equal to 2 percent of 
     the strength authorized for that fiscal year for reserve 
     commissioned officers of that armed force in an active status 
     in that grade.
       ``(C) Officers in general and flag officers grades.--The 
     Secretary of Defense may reduce the three-year period of 
     service-in-grade required by paragraph (1) to a period not 
     less than two years for any person, including a person who, 
     upon transfer to the Retired Reserve or discharge, is to be 
     credited with satisfactory service in a general or flag 
     officer grade under that paragraph. The authority of the 
     Secretary of Defense under this subparagraph may not be 
     delegated.
       ``(D) Notice to congress on reduction in service-in-grade 
     requirements for general and flag officer grades.--In the 
     case of a person to be credited under this section with 
     satisfactory service in a grade that is a general or flag 
     officer grade who is eligible to be credited with such 
     service in that grade only by reason of an exercise of 
     authority in subparagraph (C) to reduce the three-year 
     service-in-grade requirement otherwise applicable under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall, not later than 
     60 days prior to the date on which the person will be 
     credited with such satisfactory service in that grade, notify 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
     of Representatives of the exercise of authority in 
     subparagraph (C) with respect to that person.
       ``(4) Officers serving in grades above o-6 involuntarily 
     transferred from active status.--A person covered by 
     paragraph (1) who has completed at least six months of 
     satisfactory service in a grade above colonel or (in the case 
     of the Navy) captain and, while serving in an active status 
     in such grade, is involuntarily transferred (other than for 
     cause) from active status may be credited with satisfactory 
     service in the grade in which serving at the time of such 
     transfer, notwithstanding failure of the person to complete 
     three years of service in that grade.
       ``(5) Adjutants and assistant adjutants general.--If a 
     person covered by paragraph (1) has completed at least six 
     months of satisfactory service in grade, the person was 
     serving in that grade while serving in a position of adjutant 
     general required under section 314 of title 32 or while 
     serving in a position of assistant adjutant general 
     subordinate to such a position of adjutant general, and the 
     person has failed to complete three years of service in that 
     grade solely because the person's appointment to such 
     position has been terminated or vacated as described in 
     section 324(b) of such title, the person may be credited with 
     satisfactory service in that grade, notwithstanding the 
     failure of the person to complete three years of service in 
     that grade.
       ``(6) Officers recommended for promotion serving in certain 
     grade before promotion.--To the extent authorized by the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned, a person who, 
     after having been recommended for promotion in a report of a 
     promotion board but before being promoted to the recommended 
     grade, served in a position for which that grade is the 
     minimum authorized grade may be credited for purposes of 
     paragraph (1) as having served in that grade for the period 
     for which the person served in that position while in the 
     next lower grade. The period credited may not include any 
     period before the date on which the Senate provides advice 
     and consent for the appointment of that person in the 
     recommended grade.
       ``(7) Officers qualified for federal recognition serving in 
     certain grade before appointment.--To the extent authorized 
     by the Secretary of the military department concerned, a 
     person who, after having been found qualified for Federal 
     recognition in a higher grade by a board under section 307 of 
     title 32, serves in a position for which that grade is the 
     minimum authorized grade and is appointed as a reserve 
     officer in that grade may be credited for the purposes of 
     paragraph (1) as having served in that grade. The period of 
     the service for which credit is afforded under the preceding 
     sentence may be only the period for which the person served 
     in the position after the Senate provides advice and consent 
     for the appointment.
       ``(8) Retirement in next lowest grade for officers not 
     meeting service-in-grade requirements.--A person whose length 
     of service in the highest grade held does not meet the 
     service-in-grade requirements specified in this subsection 
     shall be credited with satisfactory service in the next lower 
     grade in which that person served satisfactorily (as 
     determined by the Secretary of the military department 
     concerned) for not less than six months.
       ``(d) Officers in O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
       ``(1) In general.--A person covered by this section in the 
     Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps who is serving or has 
     served in a position of importance and responsibility 
     designated by the President to carry the grade of lieutenant 
     general or general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, 
     or vice admiral or admiral in the Navy under section 601 of 
     this title may be retired in such grade under subsection (a) 
     only after the Secretary of Defense certifies in writing to 
     the President and the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives that the officer 
     served satisfactorily in such grade.
       ``(2) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of the 
     Secretary of Defense to make a certification with respect to 
     an officer under paragraph (1) may not be delegated.
       ``(3) Requirements in connection with certification.--A 
     certification with respect to an officer under paragraph (1) 
     shall--
       ``(A) be submitted by the Secretary of Defense such that it 
     is received by the President and the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives not 
     later than 60 days prior to the date on which the officer 
     will be retired in the grade concerned;
       ``(B) include an up-to-date copy of the military biography 
     of the officer; and
       ``(C) include the statement of the Secretary as to whether 
     or not potentially adverse, adverse, or reportable 
     information regarding the officer was considered by the 
     Secretary in making the certification.
       ``(4) Construction with other notice.--In the case of an 
     officer under paragraph (1) who is eligible to be credited 
     with service in a grade only by reason of the exercise of the 
     authority in subsection (c)(3)(C) to reduce the three-year 
     service-in-grade requirement under subsection (c)(1), the 
     requirement for notification under subsection (c)(3)(D) is 
     satisfied if the notification is included in the 
     certification submitted by the Secretary of Defense under 
     paragraph (1).
       ``(e) Conditional Retirement Grade and Retirement for 
     Officers Under Investigation for Misconduct or Pending 
     Adverse Personnel Action.--The retirement grade, and 
     retirement, of a person covered by this section who is under 
     investigation for alleged misconduct or pending the 
     disposition of an adverse personnel action at the time of 
     retirement is as provided for by section 1370(d) of this 
     title. In the application of such section 1370(d) for 
     purposes of this subsection, any reference `active duty' 
     shall be deemed not to apply, and any reference to a 
     provision of section 1370 of this title shall be deemed to be 
     a reference to the analogous provision of this section.
       ``(f) Final Retirement Grade Following Resolution of 
     Pending Investigation or Adverse Action.--The final 
     retirement grade under this section of a person described in 
     subsection (e) following resolution of the investigation or 
     personnel action concerned is the final retirement grade 
     provided for by section 1370(e) of this title. In the 
     application of such section 1370(e) for purposes of this 
     subsection, any reference to a provision of section 1370 of 
     this title shall be deemed to be a reference to the analogous 
     provision of this section. In the application of paragraph 
     (3) of such section 1370e(e) for purposes of this subsection, 
     the reference to `chapter 71' of this title shall be deemed 
     to be a reference to `chapter 1223 of this title'.
       ``(g) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except for a conditional determination 
     authorized by subsection (e), a determination of the retired 
     grade of a person pursuant to this section is 
     administratively final on the day the person is retired, and 
     may not be reopened.
       ``(2) Reopening.--A determination of the retired grade of a 
     person may be reopened in accordance with applicable 
     provisions of section 1370(f) of this title. In the 
     application of such section 1370(f) for purposes of this 
     subsection, any reference to a provision of section 1370 of 
     this title shall be deemed to be a reference to the analogous 
     provision of this section. In the application of paragraph 
     (7) of such section 1370(f) for purposes of this paragraph, 
     the reference to `chapter 71 of this title' shall be deemed 
     to be a reference to `chapter 1223 of this title'.
       ``(h) Highest Permanent Grade Defined.--In this section, 
     the term `highest permanent grade' means a grade at or below 
     the grade of major general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
     Corps or rear admiral in the Navy.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 69 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 1370 and 
     inserting the following new items:
``1370. Regular commissioned officers.
``1370a. Officers entitled to retired pay for non-regular service.''.
       (b) Conforming and Technical Amendments to Retired Grade 
     Rules for the Armed Forces.--
       (1) Retired pay.--Title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     as follows:
       (A) In section 1406(b)(2), by striking ``section 1370(d)'' 
     and inserting ``section 1370a''.
       (B) In section 1407(f)(2)(B), by striking ``by reason of 
     denial of a determination or certification under section 
     1370'' and inserting ``pursuant to section 1370 or 1370a''.
       (2) Army.--Section 7341 of such title is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
     new subsection (a):
       ``(a)(1) The retired grade of a regular commissioned 
     officer of the Army who retires other

[[Page H6204]]

     than for physical disability is determined under section 1370 
     of this title.
       ``(2) The retired grade of a reserve commissioned officer 
     of the Army who retires other than for physical disability is 
     determined under section 1370a of this title.''; and
       (B) in subsection (b)--
       (i) by striking ``he'' and inserting ``the member''; and
       (ii) by striking ``his'' and inserting ``the member's''.
       (3) Navy and marine corps.--Such title is further amended 
     as follows:
       (A) In section 8262(a), by striking ``sections 689 and 
     1370'' and inserting ``section 689, and section 1370 or 1370a 
     (as applicable),''.
       (B) In section 8323(c), by striking ``section 1370 of this 
     title'' and inserting ``section 1370 or 1370a of this title, 
     as applicable''.
       (4) Air force and space force.--Section 9341 of such title 
     is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
     new subsection (a):
       ``(a)(1) The retired grade of a regular commissioned 
     officer of the Air Force or the Space Force who retires other 
     than for physical disability is determined under section 1370 
     of this title.
       ``(2) The retired grade of a reserve commissioned officer 
     of the Air Force or the Space Force who retires other than 
     for physical disability is determined under section 1370a of 
     this title.''; and
       (B) in subsection (b)--
       (i) by inserting ``or a Regular or Reserve of the Space 
     Force'' after ``Air Force'';
       (ii) by striking ``he'' and inserting ``the member''; and
       (iii) by striking ``his'' and inserting ``the member's''.
       (5) Reserve officers.--Section 12771 of such title is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``section 1370(d)'' and 
     inserting ``section 1370a of this title''; and
       (B) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``section 1370(d)'' 
     and inserting ``section 1370a''.
       (c) Other References.--In the determination of the retired 
     grade of a commissioned officer of the Armed Forces entitled 
     to retired pay under chapter 1223 of title 10, United States 
     Code, who retires after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, any reference in a provision of law or regulation to 
     section 1370 of title 10, United States Code, in such 
     determination with respect to such officer shall be deemed to 
     be a reference to section 1370a of title 10, United States 
     Code (as amended by subsection (a)).

     SEC. 509. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY FOR ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT OF 
                   REGULAR NAVY OFFICERS DESIGNATED FOR 
                   ENGINEERING DUTY, AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING 
                   DUTY, AND SPECIAL DUTY.

       (a) Repeal.--Section 8137 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is repealed.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 815 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 8137.

     SEC. 509A. PERMANENT PROGRAMS ON DIRECT COMMISSIONS TO CYBER 
                   POSITIONS.

       (a) Permanent Programs.--Section 509 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2109; 10 U.S.C. 503 note) is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading of subsection (a), by 
     striking ``Pilot'';
       (2) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears; and
       (3) by striking subsections (d) and (e).
       (b) Heading Amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 509. PROGRAMS ON DIRECT COMMISSIONS TO CYBER 
                   POSITIONS.''.

     SEC. 509B. REVIEW OF SEAMAN TO ADMIRAL-21 PROGRAM.

       (a) Review.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall review the 
     policies and procedures for the Seaman to Admiral-21 program 
     in effect during fiscal years 2010 through 2014.
       (2) Elements.--The elements of the review shall include the 
     following:
       (A) A determination whether officer candidates selected for 
     the Seaman to Admiral-21 program after October 28, 2009, and 
     before 30 September 2014, were notified or otherwise informed 
     that they would not receive retirement credit for the months 
     of active service used in pursuit of a baccalaureate-level 
     degree under the program following completion of the program 
     and upon appointment to the grade of ensign in the Navy.
       (B) An explanation of how and when the Navy implemented the 
     requirements of former section 6328(c) of title 10, United 
     States Code (currently section 8328(c) of that title) for 
     Seaman to Admiral-21 participants.
       (C) The number of personnel who were selected for the 
     Seaman to Admiral-21 program, completed a baccalaureate-level 
     degree, and were appointed as an ensign in the Navy under the 
     program from fiscal years 2010 through 2014.
       (D) A determination whether the personnel described in 
     subparagraph (C) should be eligible for retirement credit for 
     the months of active service spent in pursuit of a 
     baccalaureate-level degree.
       (b) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the results of the review under 
     subsection (a).
       (c) Deadline.--The Secretary of the Navy shall carry out 
     this section by not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

     SEC. 511. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO ORDER RETIRED MEMBERS TO 
                   ACTIVE DUTY IN HIGH-DEMAND, LOW-DENSITY 
                   ASSIGNMENTS DURING WAR OR NATIONAL EMERGENCY.

       Section 688a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
     subsection (g):
       ``(g) Exceptions During Periods of War or National 
     Emergency.--The limitations in subsections (c) and (f) shall 
     not apply during a time of war or of national emergency 
     declared by Congress or the President.''.

     SEC. 512. EXPANSION OF JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING 
                   CORPS PROGRAM.

       Section 2031(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting after ``service to the United States'' 
     the following: ``(including an introduction to service 
     opportunities in military, national, and public service)''.

     SEC. 513. GRANTS TO SUPPORT STEM EDUCATION IN THE JUNIOR 
                   RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

       (a) Program Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 102 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2036. Grants to support science, technology, 
       engineering, and mathematics education

       ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Education, may carry out a program to make 
     grants to eligible entities to assist such entities in 
     providing education in covered subjects to students in the 
     Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
       ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out a program under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary may coordinate with the 
     following:
       ``(1) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
       ``(2) The Administrator of the National Aeronautics and 
     Space Administration.
       ``(3) The heads of such other Federal, State, and local 
     government entities the Secretary of Defense determines to be 
     appropriate.
       ``(c) Activities.--Activities funded with grants under this 
     section may include the following:
       ``(1) Training and other support for instructors to teach 
     courses in covered subjects to students.
       ``(2) The acquisition of materials, hardware, and software 
     necessary for the instruction of covered subjects.
       ``(3) Activities that improve the quality of educational 
     materials, training opportunities, and curricula available to 
     students and instructors in covered subjects.
       ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
     mentoring programs, and informal education in covered 
     subjects for students and instructors.
       ``(5) Students' pursuit of certifications in covered 
     subjects.
       ``(d) Preference.--In making any grants under this section, 
     the Secretary shall give preference to eligible entities that 
     are eligible for assistance under part A of title I of the 
     Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     6311 et seq.).
       ``(e) Evaluations.--In carrying out a program under this 
     section, the Secretary shall establish outcome-based metrics 
     and internal and external assessments to evaluate the merits 
     and benefits of the activities funded with grants under this 
     section with respect to the needs of the Department of 
     Defense.
       ``(f) Authorities.--In carrying out a program under this 
     section, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, make 
     use of the authorities under chapter 111 and sections 2601 
     and 2605 of this title, and other authorities the Secretary 
     determines appropriate.
       ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `eligible entity' means a local education 
     agency that hosts a unit of the Junior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps.
       ``(2) The term `covered subjects' means--
       ``(A) science;
       ``(B) technology;
       ``(C) engineering;
       ``(D) mathematics;
       ``(E) computer science;
       ``(F) computational thinking;
       ``(G) artificial intelligence;
       ``(H) machine learning;
       ``(I) data science;
       ``(J) cybersecurity;
       ``(K) robotics;
       ``(L) health sciences; and
       ``(M) other subjects determined by the Secretary of Defense 
     to be related to science, technology, engineering, and 
     mathematics.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 102 of such title is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new item:
``2036. Grants to support science, technology, engineering, and 
              mathematics education.''.
       (b) Report.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House 
     of Representatives a report on any activities carried out 
     under section 2036 of title 10, United States Code (as added 
     by subsection (a)).

     SEC. 514. PERMANENT SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE PROGRAM 
                   FOR THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

       Section 10219 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking subsection (h).

     SEC. 515. MODIFICATION OF EDUCATION LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM 
                   FOR MEMBERS OF SELECTED RESERVE.

       (a) Modification of Maximum Repayment Amount.--Section 
     16301(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``$500'' and inserting ``$1,000''.
       (b) Effective Date and Applicability.--The amendment made 
     by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the 
     enactment of this Act and shall apply with respect to loan 
     repayment

[[Page H6205]]

     under section 16301 of title 10, United States Code, for 
     eligible years of service completed on or after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 516. INCLUSION OF DRILL OR TRAINING FOREGONE DUE TO 
                   EMERGENCY TRAVEL OR DUTY RESTRICTIONS IN 
                   COMPUTATIONS OF ENTITLEMENT TO AND AMOUNTS OF 
                   RETIRED PAY FOR NON-REGULAR SERVICE.

       (a) Entitlement to Retired Pay.--Section 12732(a)(2) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(F)(i) Subject to regulations prescribed by the Secretary 
     of Defense or the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect 
     to matters concerning the Coast Guard when it is not 
     operating as a service in the Department of the Navy, one 
     point for each day of active service or one point for each 
     drill or period of equivalent instruction that was prescribed 
     by the Secretary concerned to be performed during the covered 
     emergency period, if such person was prevented from 
     performing such duty due to travel or duty restrictions 
     imposed by the President, the Secretary of Defense, or the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast 
     Guard.
       ``(ii) A person may not be credited more than 35 points in 
     a one-year period under this subparagraph.
       ``(iii) In this subparagraph, the term `covered emergency 
     period' means the period beginning on March 1, 2020, and 
     ending on the day that is 60 days after the date on which the 
     travel or duty restriction applicable to the person concerned 
     is lifted.''; and
       (2) in the matter following subparagraph (F), as inserted 
     by paragraph (1), by striking ``and (E)'' and inserting 
     ``(E), and (F)''.
       (b) Amount of Retired Pay.--Section 12733(3) of such title 
     is amended in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
     striking ``or (D)'' and inserting ``(D), or (F)''.
       (c) Reporting.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than one year after the 
     date on which the covered emergency period, as defined in 
     subparagraph (F) of section 12732(a)(2) of such title, as 
     added by subsection (a), ends, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the use of the authority under such subparagraph.
       (2) Elements.--The report under this subsection shall 
     include, with respect to each reserve component, the 
     following:
       (A) The number of individuals granted credit as a result of 
     a training cancellation.
       (B) The number of individuals granted credit as a result of 
     another extenuating circumstance.
       (3) Publication.--Not later than 30 days after submitting 
     the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
       (A) publish the report on a publicly accessible website of 
     the Department of Defense; and
       (B) ensure that any data in the report is made available in 
     a machine-readable format that is downloadable, searchable, 
     and sortable.

     SEC. 517. QUARANTINE LODGING FOR MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
                   COMPONENTS WHO PERFORM CERTAIN SERVICE IN 
                   RESPONSE TO THE COVID-19 EMERGENCY.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may provide, to a 
     member of the reserve components of the Armed Forces who 
     performs a period of covered service, housing for not fewer 
     than 14 days immediately after the end of such period of 
     covered service.
       (b) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``active service'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) The term ``covered service'' means active service 
     performed in response to the covered national emergency.
       (3) The term ``covered national emergency'' means the 
     national emergency declared on March 13, 2020, by the 
     President under the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 
     et seq.) with respect to COVID-19.

     SEC. 518. DIRECT EMPLOYMENT PILOT PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS 
                   OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
     pilot program to enhance the efforts of the Department of 
     Defense to provide job placement assistance and related 
     employment services directly to members of the National Guard 
     and Reserves in reserve active-status.
       (b) Administration.--Any such pilot program shall be 
     offered to, and administered by, the adjutants general 
     appointed under section 314 of title 32, United States Code, 
     or other officials in the States concerned designated by the 
     Secretary for purposes of the pilot program.
       (c) Cost-Sharing Requirement.--As a condition on the 
     provision of funds under this section to a State to support 
     the operation of the pilot program in that State, the State 
     must agree to contribute funds, derived from non-Federal 
     sources, in an amount equal to at least 50 percent of the 
     funds necessary for the operation of the pilot program in 
     that State.
       (d) Development.--In developing any such pilot program, the 
     Secretary shall--
       (1) incorporate elements of State direct employment 
     programs for members of the reserve components; and
       (2) use resources provided to members of the Armed Forces 
     with civilian training opportunities through the SkillBridge 
     transition training program administered by the Department of 
     Defense.
       (e) Direct Employment Program Model.--Any such pilot 
     program shall use a job placement program model that focuses 
     on working one-on-one with eligible members to cost-
     effectively provide job placement services, including--
       (1) identifying unemployed and underemployed individuals;
       (2) job matching services;
       (3) resume editing;
       (4) interview preparation; and
       (5) post-employment follow up.
       (f) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall develop outcome 
     metrics to evaluate the success of any such pilot program.
       (g) Reporting.--
       (1) Report required.--If the Secretary carries out the 
     pilot Program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report describing the 
     results of the pilot program not later than March 1, 2022. 
     The Secretary shall prepare the report in coordination with 
     the Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
       (2) Elements.--A report under paragraph (1) shall include 
     the following:
       (A) A description and assessment of the effectiveness and 
     achievements of the pilot program, including the number of 
     members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces hired 
     and the cost-per-placement of participating members.
       (B) An assessment of the effects of the pilot program and 
     increased reserve component employment on the readiness of 
     members of the reserve components and on the retention of 
     members.
       (C) A comparison of the pilot program to other programs 
     conducted by the Department of Defense to provide 
     unemployment or underemployment support to members of the 
     reserve components of the Armed Forces, including the best 
     practices developed through and used in such programs.
       (D) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
     appropriate.
       (h) Duration; Extension.--
       (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the authority to carry out 
     the pilot program expires on September 30, 2024.
       (2) The Secretary may elect to extend the pilot program for 
     not more than two additional fiscal years.

     SEC. 519. PILOT PROGRAMS AUTHORIZED IN CONNECTION WITH SROTC 
                   UNITS AND CSPI PROGRAMS AT HISTORICALLY BLACK 
                   COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY 
                   INSTITUTIONS.

       (a) Pilot Programs Required.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     carry out two pilot programs as follows:
       (1) A pilot program, with elements as provided for in 
     subsection (c), at covered institutions in order to assess 
     the feasibility and advisability of mechanisms to reduce 
     barriers to participation in the Senior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps at such institutions by creating partnerships 
     between satellite or extension Senior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps units at such institutions and covered 
     military installations.
       (2) In consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security, a pilot program, with elements as provided for in 
     subsection (d), in order to assess the feasibility and 
     advisability of the provision of financial assistance to 
     members of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps, and 
     members of the Coast Guard College Student Pre-Commissioning 
     Initiative, at covered institutions for participation in 
     flight training.
       (b) Duration.--The duration of each pilot program under 
     subsection (a) may not exceed 5 years.
       (c) Pilot Program on Partnerships Between Satellite or 
     Extension SROTC Units and Covered Military Installations.--
       (1) Participating institutions.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall carry out the pilot program required by subsection 
     (a)(1) at not fewer than five covered institutions selected 
     by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot program.
       (2) Requirements for selection.--Each covered institution 
     selected by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot program 
     under subsection (a)(1) shall--
       (A) currently maintain a satellite or extension Senior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit under chapter 103 of 
     title 10, United States Code, that is located more than 20 
     miles from the host unit of such unit; or
       (B) establish and maintain a satellite or extension Senior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit that meets the 
     requirements in subparagraph (A).
       (3) Preference in selection of institutions.--In selecting 
     covered institutions under this subsection for participation 
     in the pilot program under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary 
     shall give preference to covered institutions that are 
     located within 20 miles of a covered military installation of 
     the same Armed Force as the host unit of the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps of the covered institution 
     concerned.
       (4) Partnership activities.--The activities conducted under 
     the pilot program under subsection (a)(1) between a satellite 
     or extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit and 
     the covered military installation concerned shall include 
     such activities designed to reduce barriers to participation 
     in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps at the covered 
     institution concerned as the Secretary considers appropriate, 
     including measures to mitigate travel time and expenses in 
     connection with receipt of Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
     Corps instruction.
       (d) Pilot Program on Financial Assistance for SROTC and 
     CSPI Members for Flight Training.--
       (1) Eligibility for participation by srotc and cspi 
     members.--A member of a Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
     Corps unit, or a member of a Coast Guard College Student Pre-
     Commissioning Initiative program, at a covered institution 
     may participate in the pilot program under subsection (a)(2) 
     if the member meets such academic requirements at the covered 
     institution, and such other requirements, as the Secretary 
     concerned shall establish for purposes of the pilot program.
       (2) Preference in selection of participants.--In selecting 
     members under this subsection for participation in the pilot 
     program

[[Page H6206]]

     under subsection (a)(2), the Secretary concerned shall give a 
     preference to members who will pursue flight training under 
     the pilot program at a covered institution.
       (3) Financial assistance for flight training.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary concerned may provide any 
     member of a Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit or a 
     College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative program who 
     participates in the pilot program under subsection (a)(2) 
     financial assistance to defray, whether in whole or in part, 
     the charges and fees imposed on the member for flight 
     training.
       (B) Flight training.--Financial assistance may be used 
     under subparagraph (A) for a course of flight training only 
     if the course meets Federal Aviation Administration standards 
     and is approved by the Federal Aviation Administration and 
     the applicable State approving agency.
       (C) Use.--Financial assistance received by a member under 
     subparagraph (A) may be used only to defray the charges and 
     fees imposed on the member as described in that subparagraph.
       (D) Cessation of eligibility.--Financial assistance may not 
     be provided to a member under subparagraph (A) as follows:
       (i) If the member ceases to meet the academic and other 
     requirements established pursuant to paragraph (1).
       (ii) If the member ceases to be a member of the Senior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps or the College Student Pre-
     Commissioning Initiative, as applicable.
       (e) Evaluation Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot 
     programs under subsection (a).
       (f) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     commencement of the pilot programs under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on the pilot programs. The report shall include the 
     following:
       (A) A description of each pilot program, including in the 
     case of the pilot program under subsection (a)(2) the 
     requirements established pursuant to subsection (d)(1).
       (B) The evaluation metrics established under subsection 
     (e).
       (C) Such other matters relating to the pilot programs as 
     the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (2) Annual report.--Not later than 90 days after the end of 
     each fiscal year in which the Secretary carries out the pilot 
     programs, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     a report on the pilot programs during such fiscal year. Each 
     report shall include, for the fiscal year covered by such 
     report, the following:
       (A) In the case of the pilot program required by subsection 
     (a)(1), a description of the partnerships between satellite 
     or extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units 
     and covered military installations under the pilot program.
       (B) In the case of the pilot program required by subsection 
     (a)(2), the following:
       (i) The number of members of Senior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps units, and the number of members of Coast 
     Guard College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative programs, 
     at covered institutions selected for purposes of the pilot 
     program, including the number of such members participating 
     in the pilot program.
       (ii) The number of recipients of financial assistance 
     provided under the pilot program, including the number who--

       (I) completed a ground school course of instruction in 
     connection with obtaining a private pilot's certificate;
       (II) completed flight training, and the type of training, 
     certificate, or both received;
       (III) were selected for a pilot training slot in the Armed 
     Forces;
       (IV) initiated pilot training in the Armed Forces; or
       (V) successfully completed pilot training in the Armed 
     Forces.

       (iii) The amount of financial assistance provided under the 
     pilot program, broken out by covered institution, course of 
     study, and such other measures as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (C) Data collected in accordance with the evaluation 
     metrics established under subsection (e).
       (3) Final report.--Not later than 180 days prior to the 
     completion of the pilot programs, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the pilot programs. The 
     report shall include the following:
       (A) A description of the pilot programs.
       (B) An assessment of the effectiveness of each pilot 
     program.
       (C) A description of the cost of each pilot program, and an 
     estimate of the cost of making each pilot program permanent.
       (D) An estimate of the cost of expanding each pilot program 
     throughout all eligible Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
     Corps units and College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative 
     programs.
       (E) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
     pilot programs, including recommendations for extending or 
     making permanent the authority for each pilot program.
       (g) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered institution'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 262(g)(2) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92).
       (2) The term ``covered military installation'' means an 
     installation of the Department of Defense for the regular 
     components of the Armed Forces.
       (3) The term ``flight training'' means a course of 
     instruction toward obtaining any of the following:
       (A) A private pilot's certificate.
       (B) A commercial pilot certificate.
       (C) A certified flight instructor certificate.
       (D) A multi-crew pilot's license.
       (E) A flight instrument rating.
       (F) Any other certificate, rating, or pilot privilege the 
     Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of this section.

     SEC. 519A. REPORT REGARDING FULL-TIME NATIONAL GUARD DUTY IN 
                   RESPONSE TO THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     regarding how it is determined whether to authorize full-time 
     National Guard duty in response to the covered national 
     emergency.
       (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include 
     the following:
       (1) The number of requests described in subsection (a).
       (2) The number of such requests approved and the number of 
     requests denied.
       (3) For each such request--
       (A) the time elapsed from receipt of request to disposition 
     of request; and
       (B) whether costs (including pay and benefits for members 
     of the National Guard) were a factor in determining whether 
     to grant or deny the request.
       (4) For each such request approved, an estimate of the time 
     between approval and the time when the first such member of 
     the National Guard was placed on full-time National Guard 
     duty in response to such request.
       (5) For each such request denied, the reason for denial and 
     how such denial was explained to the requestor.
       (6) A description of how the process of review for such 
     requests differed from previous requests for a determination 
     whether to authorize full-time National Guard duty under 
     section 502(f) of title 32, United States Code.
       (7) Recommendations of the Secretary to improve the review 
     of such requests in order to better respond to such requests.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered national emergency'' means the 
     national emergency declared on March 13, 2020, by the 
     President under the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 
     et seq.) with respect to COVID-19.
       (2) The term ``full-time National Guard duty'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 101 of title 10, United 
     States Code.

     SEC. 519B. STUDY AND REPORT ON NATIONAL GUARD SUPPORT TO 
                   STATES RESPONDING TO MAJOR DISASTERS.

       (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
     a study on the process by which the National Guard provides 
     support to other Federal agencies and to States during major 
     disasters. The report shall include the following:
       (1) With regards to authorization of full-time National 
     Guard duty under section 502(f) of title 32, United States 
     Code--
       (A) a review of the process of such authorization, 
     including authorization approval, funding approval, and 
     mission assignment;
       (B) a review of data regarding the frequency and speed of 
     such authorizations during fiscal years 2015 through 2020; 
     and
       (C) measures of performance or effectiveness.
       (2) The effectiveness of the funding transfer process 
     between the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the 
     Department of Defense.
       (3) The development and promulgation of training and 
     education materials for the National Guard and other 
     components of the Department of Defense.
       (4) An analysis of lessons learned from the response to 
     COVID-19, including--
       (A) policy gaps identified by the Secretary; and
       (B) any recommendations of the Secretary to improve such 
     process.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report that 
     includes the findings of the study conducted under subsection 
     (a).

     SEC. 519C. REPORT ON GUIDANCE FOR USE OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT 
                   SYSTEMS BY THE NATIONAL GUARD.

       (a) Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
       (1) review current guidance on the use of unmanned aircraft 
     systems by the National Guard for covered activities within 
     the United States; and
       (2) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     containing recommendations of the Secretary regarding how to 
     expedite the review of requests for use of unmanned aircraft 
     systems described in paragraph (1).
       (b) Covered Activities Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered activities'' means--
       (1) emergency operations;
       (2) search and rescue operations;
       (3) defense support to civil authorities; and
       (4) support under section 502(f) of title 32, United States 
     Code.

     SEC. 519D. STUDY AND REPORT ON ROTC RECRUITMENT.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
     that assesses--
       (1) whether members of the Armed Forces who served in the 
     Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps are more or less 
     likely than members who served in the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps to achieve or receive 
     recommendations for higher ranks;
       (2) whether there is a correlation between race or 
     ethnicity and the rank ultimately achieved by such members;

[[Page H6207]]

       (3) whether individuals who serve in the Junior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps are likelier to join the Armed 
     Forces than other individuals; and
       (4) the feasibility of establishing a program to create a 
     pathway for minorities into higher ranks in the Armed Forces.
       (b) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
     on the results of the study conducted under subsection (a).

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

     SEC. 521. INCREASED ACCESS TO POTENTIAL RECRUITS.

       (a) Secondary Schools.--Section 503 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)(1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking ``and telephone 
     listings,'' and all that follows through the period at the 
     end and inserting ``electronic mail addresses (which shall be 
     the electronic mail addresses provided by the school, if 
     available), and telephone listings, notwithstanding 
     subsection (a)(5) of section 444 of the General Education 
     Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g).''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and telephone 
     listing'' and inserting ``electronic mail address, and 
     telephone listing''; and
       (2) by striking subsection (d).
       (b) Institutions of Higher Education.--Section 983(b)(2)(A) 
     of such title is amended by striking ``and telephone 
     listings'' and inserting ``electronic mail addresses (which 
     shall be the electronic mail addresses provided by the 
     institution, if available), and telephone listings''.

     SEC. 522. SUNSET AND TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS OF THE PHYSICAL 
                   DISABILITY BOARD OF REVIEW.

       Section 1554a of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(g) Sunset.--(1) On or after the date of the enactment of 
     the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary of 
     Defense may sunset the Physical Disability Board of Review 
     under this section.
       ``(2) If the Secretary sunsets the Physical Disability 
     Board of Review under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
     transfer any remaining requests for review pending at that 
     time, and shall assign any new requests for review under this 
     section, to a board for the correction of military records 
     operated by the Secretary concerned under section 1552 of 
     this title..
       ``(3) Subsection (c)(4) shall not apply with respect to any 
     review conducted by a board for the correction of military 
     records under paragraph (2).''.

     SEC. 523. HONORARY PROMOTION MATTERS.

       (a) Honorary Promotions on Initiative of Department of 
     Defense.--Chapter 80 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting after section 1563 the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 1563a. Honorary promotions on the initiative of the 
       Department of Defense

       ``(a) In General.--(1) Under regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary of Defense, the Secretary may make an honorary 
     promotion (whether or not posthumous) of a former member or 
     retired member of the armed forces to any grade not exceeding 
     the grade of major general, rear admiral (upper half), or an 
     equivalent grade in the Space Force if the Secretary 
     determines that the promotion is merited.
       ``(2) The authority to make an honorary promotion under 
     this subsection shall apply notwithstanding that the 
     promotion is not otherwise authorized by law.
       ``(b) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary may not make an 
     honorary promotion pursuant to subsection (a) until 60 days 
     after the date on which the Secretary submits to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a notice of the determination to make the 
     promotion, including a detailed discussion of the rationale 
     supporting the determination.
       ``(c) Notice of Promotion.--Upon making an honorary 
     promotion pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
     expeditiously notify the former member or retired member 
     concerned, or the next of kin of such former member or 
     retired member if such former member or retired member is 
     deceased, of the promotion.
       ``(d) Nature of Promotion.--Any promotion pursuant to this 
     section is honorary, and shall not affect the pay, retired 
     pay, or other benefits from the United States to which the 
     former member or retired member concerned is entitled or 
     would have been entitled based on the military service of 
     such former member or retired member, nor affect any benefits 
     to which any other person is or may become entitled based on 
     the military service of such former member or retired 
     member.''.
       (b) Modification of Authorities on Review of Proposals From 
     Congress.--
       (1) Standardization of authorities with authorities on 
     initiative of department of defense.--Section 1563 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)--
       (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``the posthumous or 
     honorary promotion or appointment of a member or former 
     member of the armed forces, or any other person considered 
     qualified,'' and inserting ``the honorary promotion (whether 
     or not posthumous) of a former member or retired member of 
     the armed forces''; and
       (ii) in the second sentence, by striking ``the posthumous 
     or honorary promotion or appointment'' and inserting ``the 
     promotion''; and
       (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the posthumous or 
     honorary promotion or appointment'' and inserting ``the 
     honorary promotion''.
       (2) Authority to make honorary promotions following review 
     of proposals.--Such section is further amended--
       (A) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (B) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Authority To Make.--(1) Under regulations prescribed 
     by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Defense may 
     make an honorary promotion (whether or not posthumous) of a 
     former member or retired member of the armed forces to any 
     grade not exceeding the grade of major general, rear admiral 
     (upper half), or an equivalent grade in the Space Force 
     following the submittal of the determination of the Secretary 
     concerned under subsection (b) in connection with the 
     proposal for the promotion if the determination is to approve 
     the making of the promotion.
       ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may not make an honorary 
     promotion under this subsection until 60 days after the date 
     on which the Secretary concerned submits the determination in 
     connection with the proposal for the promotion under 
     subsection (b), and the detailed rationale supporting the 
     determination as described in that subsection, to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives and the requesting Member in accordance with 
     that subsection.
       ``(3) The authority to make an honorary promotion under 
     this subsection shall apply notwithstanding that the 
     promotion is not otherwise authorized by law.
       ``(4) Any promotion pursuant to this subsection is 
     honorary, and shall not affect the pay, retired pay, or other 
     benefits from the United States to which the former member or 
     retired member concerned is or would have been entitled based 
     upon the military service of such former member or retired 
     member, nor affect any benefits to which any other person may 
     become entitled based on the military service of such former 
     member or retired member.''.
       (3) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1563. Consideration of proposals from Members of 
       Congress for honorary promotions: procedures for review and 
       promotion''.

       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 80 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 1563 and inserting the following 
     new items:
``1563. Consideration of proposals from Members of Congress for 
              honorary promotions: procedures for review and promotion.
``1563a. Honorary promotions on the initiative of the Department of 
              Defense.''.

     SEC. 524. EXCLUSION OF OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHS OF MEMBERS FROM 
                   RECORDS FURNISHED TO PROMOTION SELECTION 
                   BOARDS.

       (a) Active Duty Officers.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     include in the regulations prescribed pursuant to section 
     615(a) of title 10, United States Code, a prohibition on the 
     inclusion of an official photograph of an officer in the 
     information furnished to a selection board pursuant to 
     section 615(b) of such title.
       (b) Reserve Officers.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     include in regulations prescribed pursuant to section 
     14107(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, a prohibition on 
     the inclusion of an official photograph of an officer in the 
     information furnished to a selection board pursuant to 
     section 14107(a)(2) of such title.
       (c) Enlisted Members.--Each Secretary of a military 
     department shall prescribe regulations that prohibit the 
     inclusion of an official photograph of an enlisted member in 
     the information furnished to a board that considers enlisted 
     members under the jurisdiction of such Secretary for 
     promotion.
       (d) Report on Exclusion of Additional Information.--Not 
     later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries of the military departments, submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report setting forth the following:
       (1) A recommendation for the redaction or removal from 
     information furnished to selection boards convened to 
     consider officers or enlisted members for promotion to the 
     next higher grade of such information, if any, relating to an 
     officer or enlisted member, as applicable, that is currently 
     furnished to such a selection board as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate for redaction or removal in order to 
     eliminate inappropriate bias in the promotion selection 
     process.
       (2) An assessment of the anticipated effects on the 
     promotion process for officers or enlisted members, as 
     applicable, of the redaction or removal from information 
     furnished to selection boards of information recommended for 
     redaction or removal pursuant to paragraph (1).
       (3) An implementation plan that describes and assesses the 
     manner in which the redaction or removal of such information 
     will be achieved, including a description and assessment of 
     the following:
       (A) Any required changes to policies, processes, or 
     systems, including any information technology required.
       (B) The cost of implementing such changes.
       (C) The estimated timeline for completion of the 
     implementation of such changes (which may not be later than 
     the day that is two years after the date of the report).
       (D) The duty title of the officer or employee of the 
     Department Defense to be assigned responsibility for 
     implementing such changes.

     SEC. 525. REPORT REGARDING REVIEWS OF DISCHARGES AND 
                   DISMISSALS BASED ON SEXUAL ORIENTATION.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than September 30, 2021, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     a

[[Page H6208]]

     report regarding the number of former members of the Armed 
     Forces who--
       (1) were discharged or dismissed from the Armed Forces;
       (2) on or after September 21, 2011, applied to the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned for an upgrade 
     in the characterization of such discharge or dismissal; and
       (3) assert in such application that such discharge or 
     dismissal arose from a policy of the Department of Defense 
     regarding the sexual orientation of a member before September 
     21, 2011.
       (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include 
     the following:
       (1) The number of applications described in subsection (a) 
     and the percentages of such applications granted and denied, 
     disaggregated by--
       (A) Armed Force;
       (B) grade;
       (C) characterization of discharge or dismissal originally 
     received; and
       (D) characterization of discharge or dismissal received 
     pursuant to an application described in subsection (a)(2).
       (2) If the Secretary can determine the number without 
     reviewing applications described in subsection (a) on a case-
     by-case basis, the number of such applications--
       (A) that were denied; and
       (B) in which the discharge or dismissal was based solely on 
     misconduct of the discharged or dismissed member.
       (c) Publication.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     Secretary submits the report under this section, the 
     Secretary shall publish the report on a publicly accessible 
     website of the Department of Defense.

Subtitle D--Prevention and Response To Sexual Assault, Harassment, and 
                           Related Misconduct

     SEC. 531. MODIFICATION OF TIME REQUIRED FOR EXPEDITED 
                   DECISIONS IN CONNECTION WITH APPLICATIONS FOR 
                   CHANGE OF STATION OR UNIT TRANSFER OF MEMBERS 
                   WHO ARE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT OR RELATED 
                   OFFENSES.

       (a) In General.--Section 673(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``72 hours'' both places it 
     appears and inserting ``five calendar days''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply to decisions on applications for permanent 
     change of station or unit transfer made under section 673 of 
     title 10, United States Code, on or after that date.

     SEC. 532. CONFIDENTIAL REPORTING OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT.

       (a) Confidential Reporting.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 80 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1561a the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1561b. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment

       ``(a) Reporting Process.--Notwithstanding section 1561 of 
     this title, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in 
     regulations a process by which a member of an armed force 
     under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
     department may confidentially allege a complaint of sexual 
     harassment to an individual outside the immediate chain of 
     command of the member.
       ``(b) Receipt of Complaints.--An individual designated and 
     trained to receive complaints under the process under 
     subsection (a) shall--
       ``(1) maintain the confidentiality of the member alleging 
     the complaint;
       ``(2) explain to the member alleging the complaint the 
     different avenues of redress available to resolve the 
     complaint and the different consequences of each avenue on 
     the manner in which the complaint will be investigated (if at 
     all), including an explanation of the following:
       ``(A) The manner in which to file a complaint concerning 
     alleged sexual harassment with the official or office 
     designated for receipt of such complaint through such avenue 
     of redress.
       ``(B) That confidentiality in connection with the complaint 
     cannot be maintained when there is a clear and present risk 
     to health or safety.
       ``(C) If the alleged sexual harassment also involves an 
     allegation of sexual assault, including sexual contact--
       ``(i) the manner in which to file a confidential report 
     with a Sexual Assault Response Coordinator or a Sexual 
     Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocate; and
       ``(ii) options available pursuant to such reporting, 
     including a Restricted Report or Unrestricted Report, and 
     participation in the Catch a Serial Offender Program.
       ``(D) The services and assistance available to the member 
     in connection with the complaint and the alleged sexual 
     harassment.
       ``(c) Education and Tracking.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall--
       ``(1) educate members under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretaries of the military departments regarding the process 
     established under this section; and
       ``(2) track complaints alleged pursuant to the process.
       ``(d) Reports.--Not later than April 30, 2023, and April 30 
     every two years thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report containing data on the 
     complaints of sexual harassment alleged pursuant to the 
     process under subsection (a) during the previous two calendar 
     years. Any data on such complaints shall not contain any 
     personally identifiable information.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 80 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 1561b the following new 
     item:
``1561b. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.''.
       (b) Plan for Implementation.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting 
     forth a plan for the implementation of the process for 
     confidential reporting of sexual harassment required by 
     section 1561b of title 10, United States Code (as added by 
     subsection (a)). The plan shall include the date on which the 
     process is anticipated to be fully implemented.
       (c) Plan for Access to Confidential Reports To Identify 
     Serial Harassers.--Not later than one year after the 
     implementation of the process for confidential reporting of 
     sexual harassment required by section 1561b of title 10, 
     United States Code (as so added), the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting 
     forth a plan to allow an individual who files a confidential 
     report of sexual harassment pursuant to the process to elect 
     to permit a military criminal investigative organization to 
     access certain information in the confidential report, 
     including identifying information of the alleged perpetrator 
     (if available), for the purpose of identifying individuals 
     who are suspected of multiple incidents of sexual 
     harassments, without such access affecting the confidential 
     nature of the confidential report. The report shall specify 
     the information to be accessible by criminal investigative 
     organizations pursuant to the plan.

     SEC. 533. ADDITIONAL BASES FOR PROVISION OF ADVICE BY THE 
                   DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION 
                   OF SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.

       Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1380; 10 
     U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended in subsection (c)(2)--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (E); 
     and
       (2) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
     subparagraphs:
       ``(C) Efforts among private employers to prevent sexual 
     assault and sexual harassment among their employees.
       ``(D) Evidence-based studies on the prevention of sexual 
     assault and sexual harassment in the Armed Forces, 
     institutions of higher education, and the private sector.''.

     SEC. 534. ADDITIONAL MATTERS FOR 2021 REPORT OF THE DEFENSE 
                   ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL 
                   MISCONDUCT.

       Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1380; 10 
     U.S.C. 1561 note), as amended by section 533 of this Act, is 
     further amended by adding at the end of subsection (d) the 
     following: ``The report in 2021 shall also include the 
     following:
       ``(1) A description and assessment of the extent and 
     effectiveness of the inclusion by the Armed Forces of sexual 
     assault prevention and response training in leader 
     professional military education (PME), especially in such 
     education for personnel in junior noncommissioned officer 
     grades.
       ``(2) An assessment of the feasibility of--
       ``(A) the screening before entry into military service of 
     recruits who may have been the subject or perpetrator of 
     prior incidents of sexual assault and harassment, including 
     through background checks; and
       ``(B) the administration of screening tests to recruits to 
     assess recruit views and beliefs on equal opportunity, and 
     whether such views and beliefs are compatible with military 
     service.
       ``(3) An assessment of the feasibility of conducting exit 
     interviews of members of the Armed Forces upon their 
     discharge release from the Armed Forces in order to determine 
     whether they experienced or witnessed sexual assault or 
     harassment during military service and did not report it, and 
     an assessment of the feasibility of combining such exit 
     interviews with the Catch a Serial Offender (CATCH) Program 
     of the Department of Defense.
       ``(4) An assessment whether the sexual assault reporting 
     databases of the Department are sufficiently anonymized to 
     ensure privacy while still providing military leaders with 
     the information as follows:
       ``(A) The approximate length of time the victim and the 
     assailant had been at the duty station at which the sexual 
     assault occurred.
       ``(B) The percentage of sexual assaults occurring while the 
     victim or assailant were on temporary duty, leave, or 
     otherwise away from their permanent duty station.
       ``(C) The number of sexual assaults that involve an abuse 
     of power by a commander or supervisor.''.

     SEC. 535. INCLUSION OF ADVISORY DUTIES ON THE COAST GUARD 
                   ACADEMY AMONG DUTIES OF DEFENSE ADVISORY 
                   COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL 
                   MISCONDUCT.

       Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1380; 10 
     U.S.C. 1561 note), as amended by sections 533 and 534 of this 
     Act, is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)(1)(B), by inserting ``, including the 
     United States Coast Guard Academy,'' after ``academy'';
       (2) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) as 
     subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively;
       (3) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) Advisory Duties on Coast Guard Academy.--In providing 
     advice under subsection (c)(1)(B), the Advisory Committee 
     shall also advise the Secretary of the Department in which 
     the Coast Guard is operating in accordance with this section 
     on policies, programs, and practices of the United States 
     Coast Guard Academy.''; and
       (4) in subsection (e) and paragraph (2) of subsection (g), 
     as redesignated by paragraph (2) of this section, by striking 
     ``the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``the Committees on Armed Services and

[[Page H6209]]

     Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the 
     Committees on Armed Services and Transportation and 
     Infrastructure of the House of Representatives''.

     SEC. 536. MODIFICATION OF REPORTING AND DATA COLLECTION ON 
                   VICTIMS OF SEXUAL OFFENSES.

       Section 547 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``accused of'' and inserting ``suspected 
     of''; and
       (ii) by striking ``assault'' and inserting ``offense'';
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``accused of'' and 
     inserting ``suspected of''; and
       (C) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) by striking ``assaults'' and inserting ``offenses''; 
     and
       (ii) by striking ``an accusation'' and inserting 
     ``suspicion of'';
       (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
       (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsection (b):
       ``(b) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     issue guidance to ensure the uniformity of the data collected 
     by each Armed Force for purposes of subsection (a). At a 
     minimum, such guidance shall establish--
       ``(1) standardized methods for the collection of the data 
     required to be reported under such subsection; and
       ``(2) standardized definitions for the terms `sexual 
     offense', `collateral miconduct', and `adverse action'.''; 
     and
       (4) by amending subsection (c), as redesignated by 
     paragraph (2), to read as follows:
       ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `covered individual' means an individual who 
     is identified in the case files of a military criminal 
     investigative organization as a victim of a sexual offense 
     that occurred while that individual was serving on active 
     duty as a member of the Armed Forces.
       ``(2) The term `suspected of', when used with respect to a 
     covered individual suspected of collateral misconduct or 
     crimes as described in subsection (a), means that an 
     investigation by a military criminal investigative 
     organization reveals facts and circumstances that would lead 
     a reasonable person to believe that the individual committed 
     an offense under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
     (the Uniform Code of Military Justice).''.

     SEC. 537. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING SEXUAL 
                   ASSAULTS INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Additional Recipients.--Subsection (d) of section 1631 
     of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
     amended by inserting ``and the Committees on Veterans' 
     Affairs of the Senate and the House of Representatives'' 
     after ``House of Representatives''.
       (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act 
     and shall apply to reports required to be submitted under 
     such section on or after such date.

     SEC. 538. COORDINATION OF SUPPORT FOR SURVIVORS OF SEXUAL 
                   TRAUMA.

       (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of Defense and 
     Veterans Affairs shall jointly develop, implement, and 
     maintain a standard of coordinated care for members of the 
     Armed Forces who are survivors of sexual trauma. Such 
     standard shall include the following:
       (b) Minimum Elements.--The standard developed and 
     implemented under subsection (a) by the Secretaries of 
     Defense and Veterans Affairs shall include the following:
       (1) Information for members of the armed forces.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
       (A) Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and Uniformed 
     Victim Advocates receive annual training on resources of the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs regarding sexual trauma;
       (B) information regarding services furnished by the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs to survivors of sexual trauma 
     is provided to each such survivor; and
       (C) information described in subparagraph (B) is posted in 
     the following areas in each facility of the Department of 
     Defense:
       (i) An office of the Family Advocacy Program.
       (ii) An office of a mental health care provider.
       (iii) Each area in which sexual assault prevention staff 
     normally post notices or information.
       (iv) High-traffic areas (including dining facilities).
       (2) Coordination between staff of the departments.--The 
     Secretaries shall ensure that a Sexual Assault Response 
     Coordinator or Uniformed Victim Advocate of the Department of 
     Defense who receives a report of an instance of sexual trauma 
     connects the survivor to the Military Sexual Trauma 
     Coordinator of the Department of Veterans Affairs at the 
     facility of that Department nearest to the residence of that 
     survivor if that survivor is a member separating or retiring 
     from the Armed Forces.
       (c) Reports.--
       (1) Report on residential treatment.--Not later than 180 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs shall provide a 
     report to the appropriate committees of Congress regarding 
     the availability of residential treatment programs for 
     survivors of sexual trauma, including--
       (A) barriers to access for such programs; and
       (B) resources required to reduce such barriers.
       (2) Initial report.--Upon implementation of the standard 
     under subsection (a), the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans 
     Affairs shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report on the standard.
       (3) Progress reports.--Not later than 180 days after 
     submitting the initial report under paragraph (2), and on 
     December 1 of each subsequent year, the Secretaries of 
     Defense and Veterans Affairs shall jointly submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress a report on the progress 
     of the Secretaries in implementing and improving the 
     standard.
       (4) Updates.--Whenever the Secretaries of Defense and 
     Veterans Affairs update the standard developed under 
     subsection (a), the Secretaries shall jointly submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress a report on such update, 
     including a comprehensive and detailed description of such 
     update and the reasons for such update.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``sexual trauma'' means a condition described 
     in section 1720D(a)(1) of title 38, United States Code.
       (2) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate; and
       (B) the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate.

     SEC. 539. POLICY FOR MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES ON SEPARATION 
                   OF ALLEGED VICTIMS AND ALLEGED PERPETRATORS IN 
                   INCIDENTS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments 
     and the Superintendent of each military service academy, 
     prescribe in regulations a policy under which a cadet or 
     midshipman of a military service academy who is the alleged 
     victim of a sexual assault and a cadet or midshipman who is 
     the alleged perpetrator of such assault shall, to the extent 
     practicable, each be given the opportunity to complete their 
     course of study at the academy without--
       (1) taking classes together; or
       (2) otherwise being in close proximity to each other during 
     mandatory activities.
       (b) Elements.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
     the policy developed under subsection (a)--
       (1) permits an alleged victim to elect not to be covered by 
     the policy with respect to a particular incident of sexual 
     assault;
       (2) protects the alleged victim as necessary, including by 
     prohibiting retaliatory harassment;
       (3) minimizes the prejudicial impact of the policy, to the 
     extent practicable, on both the alleged victim and the 
     alleged perpetrator, and allows the alleged victim and the 
     alleged perpetrator to complete their course of study at the 
     institution with minimal disruption;
       (4) protects the privacy of both the alleged victim and the 
     alleged perpetrator by ensuring that information about the 
     alleged sexual assault and the individuals involved is not 
     revealed to third parties who are not specifically authorized 
     to receive such information in the course of performing their 
     regular duties, except that such policy shall not preclude 
     the alleged victim or the alleged perpetrator from making 
     such disclosures to third parties; and
       (5) minimizes the burden on the alleged victim when taking 
     steps to separate the alleged victim and alleged perpetrator.
       (c) Special Rule.--The policy developed under subsection 
     (a) shall not preclude a military service academy from taking 
     other administrative or disciplinary action when appropriate.
       (d) Military Service Academy Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``military service academy'' means the following:
       (1) The United States Military Academy.
       (2) The United States Naval Academy.
       (3) The United States Air Force Academy.
       (4) The United States Coast Guard Academy.

     SEC. 539A. SAFE-TO-REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE ACROSS THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, prescribe in regulations a safe-to-report policy 
     described in subsection (b) that applies with respect to all 
     members of the Armed Forces (including members of the reserve 
     components of the Armed Forces) and cadets and midshipmen at 
     the military service academies.
       (b) Safe-to-report Policy.--The safe-to-report policy 
     described in this subsection is a policy that prescribes the 
     handling of minor collateral misconduct involving a member of 
     the Armed Forces who is the alleged victim of sexual assault.
       (c) Aggravating Circumstances.--The regulations under 
     subsection (a) shall specify aggravating circumstances that 
     increase the gravity of minor collateral misconduct or its 
     impact on good order and discipline for purposes of the safe-
     to-report policy.
       (d) Tracking of Collateral Misconduct Incidents.--In 
     conjunction with the issuance of regulations under subsection 
     (a), Secretary shall develop and implement a process to track 
     incidents of minor collateral misconduct that are subject to 
     the safe-to-report policy.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``Armed Forces'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, 
     except such term does not include the Coast Guard.
       (2) The term ``military service academy'' means the 
     following:
       (A) The United States Military Academy.
       (B) The United States Naval Academy.
       (C) The United States Air Force Academy.
       (3) The term ``minor collateral misconduct'' means any 
     minor misconduct that is potentially punishable under chapter 
     47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice), that--

[[Page H6210]]

       (A) is committed close in time to or during the sexual 
     assault, and directly related to the incident that formed the 
     basis of the sexual assault allegation;
       (B) is discovered as a direct result of the report of 
     sexual assault or the ensuing investigation into the sexual 
     assault; and
       (C) does not involve aggravating circumstances (as 
     specified in the regulations prescribed under subsection (c)) 
     that increase the gravity of the minor misconduct or its 
     impact on good order and discipline.

     SEC. 539B. ACCOUNTABILITY OF LEADERSHIP OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE FOR DISCHARGING THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT 
                   POLICIES AND PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT.

       (a) Strategy on Holding Leadership Accountable Required.--
     The Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement 
     Department of Defense-wide a strategy to hold individuals in 
     positions of leadership in the Department (including members 
     of the Armed Forces and civilians) accountable for the 
     promotion, support, and enforcement of the policies and 
     programs of the Department on sexual harassment.
       (b) Oversight Framework.--
       (1) In general.--The strategy required by subsection (a) 
     shall provide for an oversight framework for the efforts of 
     the Department of Defense to promote, support, and enforce 
     the policies and programs of the Department on sexual 
     harassment.
       (2) Elements.--The oversight framework required by 
     paragraph (1) shall include the following:
       (A) Long-term goals, objectives, and milestones in 
     connection with the policies and programs of the Department 
     on sexual harassment.
       (B) Strategies to achieve the goals, objectives, and 
     milestones referred to in subparagraph (A).
       (C) Criteria for assessing progress toward the achievement 
     of the goals, objectives, and milestones referred to in 
     subparagraph (A).
       (D) Criteria for assessing the effectiveness of the 
     policies and programs of the Department on sexual harassment.
       (E) Mechanisms to ensure that adequate resources are 
     available to the Office of the Secretary of Defense to 
     develop and discharge the oversight framework.
       (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the actions taken to 
     carry out this section, including the strategy developed and 
     implemented pursuant to subsection (a), and the oversight 
     framework developed and implemented pursuant to subsection 
     (b).

     SEC. 539C. REPORTS ON STATUS OF INVESTIGATIONS OF ALLEGED 
                   SEX-RELATED OFFENSES.

       (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter through 
     December 31, 2025, the Secretary of each military department 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the status of investigations into alleged sex-related 
     offenses.
       (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
     include, with respect to investigations into alleged sex-
     related offenses carried out by military criminal 
     investigative organizations under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary concerned during the preceding year, the following:
       (1) The total number of investigations.
       (2) For each investigation--
       (A) the date the investigation was initiated; and
       (B) an explanation of whether the investigation is in-
     progress or complete as of the date of the report and, if 
     complete, the date on which the investigation was completed.
       (3) The total number of investigations that are complete as 
     of the date of the report.
       (4) The total number of investigations that are in-progress 
     as of the date of the report.
       (5) For investigations lasting longer than 180 days, a 
     general explanation of the primary reasons for the extended 
     duration of such investigations.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``alleged sex-related offense'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 1044(e)(h) of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (2) The term ``complete'' when used with respect to an 
     investigation of an alleged sex-related offense, means the 
     active phase of the investigation is sufficiently complete to 
     enable the appropriate authority to reach a decision with 
     respect to the disposition of charges for the offense.

     SEC. 539D. REPORT ON ABILITY OF SEXUAL ASSAULT RESPONSE 
                   COORDINATORS AND SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND 
                   RESPONSE VICTIM ADVOCATES TO PERFORM DUTIES.

       (a) Survey.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall conduct a survey regarding the 
     ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and Sexual 
     Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to perform 
     their duties.
       (2) Elements.--The survey required under paragraph (1) 
     shall assess--
       (A) the current state of support provided to Sexual Assault 
     Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention and 
     Response Victim Advocates, including--
       (i) perceived professional or other reprisal or 
     retaliation; and
       (ii) access to sufficient physical and mental health 
     services as a result of the nature of their work;
       (B) the ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
     Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to 
     contact and access their installation commander or unit 
     commander;
       (C) the ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
     Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to 
     contact and access the immediate commander of victims and 
     alleged offenders;
       (D) the responsiveness and receptiveness of commanders to 
     the Sexual Assault Response Coordinators;
       (E) the support and services provided to victims of sexual 
     assault;
       (F) the understanding of others of the process and their 
     willingness to assist;
       (G) the adequacy of the training received by Sexual Assault 
     Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention and 
     Response Victim Advocates to effectively perform their 
     duties; and
       (H) any other factors affecting the ability of Sexual 
     Assault Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention 
     and Response Victim Advocates to perform their duties.
       (b) Report.--Upon completion of the survey required under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the results of the survey and any 
     actions to be taken as a result of the survey.

     SEC. 539E. BRIEFING ON SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL PROGRAM.

       (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Judge Advocates 
     General of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Coast 
     Guard and the Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the 
     Marine Corps shall each provide to the congressional defense 
     committees a briefing on the status of the Special Victims' 
     Counsel program of the Armed Force concerned.
       (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall 
     include, with respect to the Special Victims' Counsel program 
     of the Armed Force concerned, the following:
       (1) An assessment of whether the Armed Force is in 
     compliance with the provisions of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) 
     relating to the Special Victims' Counsel program and, if not, 
     what steps have been taken to achieve compliance with such 
     provisions.
       (2) An estimate of the average caseload of each Special 
     Victims' Counsel.
       (3) A description of any staffing shortfalls in the Special 
     Victims' Counsel program or other programs of the Armed Force 
     resulting from the additional responsibilities required of 
     the Special Victims' Counsel program under the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
       (4) An explanation of the ability of Special Victims' 
     Counsel to adhere to requirement that a counsel respond to a 
     request for services within 72 hours of receiving such 
     request.
       (5) An assessment of the feasibility of providing cross-
     service Special Victims' Counsel representation in instances 
     where a Special Victims' Counsel from a different Armed Force 
     is co-located with a victim at a remote base.

     SEC. 539F. BRIEFING ON PLACEMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES IN ACADEMIC STATUS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF 
                   SEXUAL ASSAULT ONTO NON-RATED PERIODS.

       Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives on the feasibility and advisability, and 
     current practice (if any) of the Department of Defense, of 
     granting requests by members of the Armed Forces who are in 
     academic status (whether at the military service academies or 
     in developmental education programs) and who are victims of 
     sexual assault to be placed on a Non-Rated Period for their 
     performance report.

          Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

     SEC. 541. RIGHT TO NOTICE OF VICTIMS OF OFFENSES UNDER THE 
                   UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE REGARDING 
                   CERTAIN POST-TRIAL MOTIONS, FILINGS, AND 
                   HEARINGS.

       Section 806b(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 
     6b(a)(2)) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
     subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new 
     subparagraph (D):
       ``(D) A post-trial motion, filing, or hearing that may 
     address the finding or sentence of a court-martial with 
     respect to the accused, unseal privileged or private 
     information of the victim, or result in the release of the 
     accused.''.

     SEC. 542. QUALIFICATIONS OF JUDGES AND STANDARD OF REVIEW FOR 
                   COURTS OF CRIMINAL APPEALS.

       (a) Qualifications of Certain Judges.--Section 866(a) of 
     title 10, United States Code (article 66(a) of the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice), is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Each Judge'' and inserting:
       ``(1) In general.--Each Judge''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) Additional qualifications.--In addition to any other 
     qualifications specified in paragraph (1), any commissioned 
     officer or civilian assigned as an appellate military judge 
     to a Court of Criminal Appeals shall have not fewer than 12 
     years of experience in the practice of law before such 
     assignment.''.
       (b) Standard of Review.--Paragraph (1) of section 866(d) of 
     title 10, United States Code (article 66(d) of the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice), is amended to read as follows:
       ``(1) Cases appealed by accused.--
       ``(A) In general.--In any case before the Court of Criminal 
     Appeals under subsection (b), the Court may act only with 
     respect to the findings and sentence as entered into the 
     record under section 860c of this title (article 60c). The

[[Page H6211]]

     Court may affirm only such findings of guilty as the Court 
     finds correct in law, and in fact in accordance with 
     subparagraph (B). The Court may affirm only the sentence, or 
     such part or amount of the sentence, as the Court finds 
     correct in law and fact and determines, on the basis of the 
     entire record, should be approved.
       ``(B) Factual sufficiency review.--(i) In an appeal of a 
     finding of guilty under subsection (b), the Court may 
     consider whether the finding is correct in fact upon request 
     of the accused if the accused makes a specific showing of a 
     deficiency in proof.
       ``(ii) After an accused has made such a showing, the Court 
     may weigh the evidence and determine controverted questions 
     of fact subject to--
       ``(I) appropriate deference to the fact that the trial 
     court saw and heard the witnesses and other evidence; and
       ``(II) appropriate deference to findings of fact entered 
     into the record by the military judge.
       ``(iii) If, as a result of the review conducted under 
     clause (ii), the Court is clearly convinced that the finding 
     of guilty was against the weight of the evidence, the Court 
     may dismiss, set aside, or modify the finding, or affirm a 
     lesser finding.''.
       (c) Review by United States Court of Appeals for the Armed 
     Forces of Factual Sufficiency Rulings.--Section 867(c)(1) of 
     title 10, United States Code (article 67(c)(1) of the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice), is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; or''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) the findings set forth in the entry of judgment, as 
     affirmed, dismissed, set aside, or modfied by the Court of 
     Criminal Appeals as incorrect in fact under section 
     866(d)(1)(B) of this title (article 66(d)(1)(B)).''.
       (d) Inclusion of Additional Information in Annual 
     Reports.--Section 946a(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code 
     (article 146a(b)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
     is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(D) an analysis of each case in which a Court of Criminal 
     Appeals made a final determination that a finding of a court-
     martial was clearly against the weight of the evidence, 
     including an explanation of the standard of appellate review 
     applied in such case.''.
       (e) Effective Dates and Applicability.--
       (1) Qualifications of certain judges.--The amendments made 
     by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, and shall apply with respect to the 
     assignment of appellate military judges on or after that 
     date.
       (2) Review amendments.--The amendments made by subsections 
     (b) and (c) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, and shall apply with respect to any case in which 
     every finding of guilty entered into the record under section 
     860c of title 10, United States Code (article 60c of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice), is for an offense that 
     occurred on or after that date.

     SEC. 543. PRESERVATION OF COURT-MARTIAL RECORDS.

       Section 940a of title 10, United States Code (article 140a 
     of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Preservation of Court-Martial Records Without Regard 
     to Outcome.--The standards and criteria prescribed by the 
     Secretary of Defense under subsection (a) shall provide for 
     the preservation of general and special court-martial 
     records, without regard to the outcome of the proceeding 
     concerned, for not fewer than 15 years.''.

     SEC. 544. AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS FOR NATIONAL INSTANT 
                   CRIMINAL BACKGROUND CHECK SYSTEM.

       Section 101(b) of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 
     2007 (34 U.S.C. 40911(b)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph (2):
       ``(2) Department of defense.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than 3 business days after the 
     final disposition of a judicial proceeding conducted within 
     the Department of Defense, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     make available to the Attorney General records which are 
     relevant to a determination of whether a member of the Armed 
     Forces involved in such proceeding is disqualified from 
     possessing or receiving a firearm under subsection (g) or (n) 
     of section 922 of title 18, United States Code, for use in 
     background checks performed by the National Instant Criminal 
     Background Check System.
       ``(B) Judicial proceeding defined.--In this paragraph, the 
     term `judicial proceeding' means a hearing--
       ``(i) of which the person received actual notice; and
       ``(ii) at which the person had an opportunity to 
     participate with counsel.''.

     SEC. 545. REMOVAL OF PERSONALLY IDENTIFYING AND OTHER 
                   INFORMATION OF CERTAIN PERSONS FROM 
                   INVESTIGATIVE REPORTS, THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE CENTRAL INDEX OF INVESTIGATIONS, AND 
                   OTHER RECORDS AND DATABASES.

       (a) Policy and Process Required.--Not later than October 1, 
     2021, the Secretary of Defense shall establish and maintain a 
     policy and process through which any covered person may 
     request that the person's name, personally identifying 
     information, and other information pertaining to the person 
     shall, in accordance with subsection (c), be corrected in, or 
     expunged or otherwise removed from, the following:
       (1) A law enforcement or criminal investigative report of 
     the Department of Defense or any component of the Department.
       (2) An index item or entry in the Department of Defense 
     Central Index of Investigations (DCII).
       (3) Any other record maintained in connection with a report 
     described in paragraph (1), or an index item or entry 
     described in paragraph (2), in any system of records, records 
     database, records center, or repository maintained by or on 
     behalf of the Department.
       (b) Covered Persons.--For purposes of this section, a 
     covered person is any person whose name was placed or 
     reported, or is maintained--
       (1) in the subject or title block of a law enforcement or 
     criminal investigative report of the Department of Defense 
     (or any component of the Department);
       (2) as an item or entry in the Department of Defense 
     Central Index of Investigations; or
       (3) in any other record maintained in connection with a 
     report described in paragraph (1), or an index item or entry 
     described in paragraph (2), in any system of records, records 
     database, records center, or repository maintained by or on 
     behalf of the Department.
       (c) Elements.--The policy and process required by 
     subsection (a) shall include the following elements:
       (1) Basis for correction or expungement.--That the name, 
     personally identifying information, and other information of 
     a covered person shall be corrected in, or expunged or 
     otherwise removed from, a report, item or entry, or record 
     described in paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (a) in 
     the following circumstances:
       (A) Probable cause did not or does not exist to believe 
     that the offense for which the person's name was placed or 
     reported, or is maintained, in such report, item or entry, or 
     record occurred, or insufficient evidence existed or exists 
     to determine whether or not such offense occurred.
       (B) Probable cause did not or does not exist to believe 
     that the person actually committed the offense for which the 
     person's name was so placed or reported, or is so maintained, 
     or insufficient evidence existed or exists to determine 
     whether or not the person actually committed such offense.
       (C) Such other circumstances, or on such other bases, as 
     the Secretary may specify in establishing the policy and 
     process, which circumstances and bases may not be 
     inconsistent with the circumstances and bases provided by 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B).
       (2) Considerations.--While not dispositive as to the 
     existence of a circumstance or basis set forth in paragraph 
     (1), the following shall be considered in the determination 
     whether such circumstance or basis applies to a covered 
     person for purposes of this section:
       (A) The extent or lack of corroborating evidence against 
     the covered person concerned with respect to the offense at 
     issue.
       (B) Whether adverse administrative, disciplinary, judicial, 
     or other such action was initiated against the covered person 
     for the offense at issue.
       (C) The type, nature, and outcome of any action described 
     in subparagraph (B) against the covered person.
       (3) Procedures.--The policy and process required by 
     subsection (a) shall include procedures as follows:
       (A) Procedures under which a covered person may appeal a 
     determination of the applicable component of the Department 
     of Defense denying, whether in whole or in part, a request 
     for purposes of subsection (a).
       (B) Procedures under which the applicable component of the 
     Department will correct, expunge or remove, take other 
     appropriate action on, or assist a covered person in so 
     doing, any record maintained by a person, organization, or 
     entity outside of the Department to which such component 
     provided, submitted, or transmitted information about the 
     covered person, which information has or will be corrected 
     in, or expunged or removed from, Department records pursuant 
     to this section.
       (C) The timeline pursuant to which the Department, or a 
     component of the Department, as applicable, will respond to 
     each of the following:
       (i) A request pursuant to subsection (a).
       (ii) An appeal under the procedures required by 
     subparagraph (A).
       (iii) A request for assistance under the procedures 
     required by subparagraph (B).
       (D) Mechanisms through which the Department will keep a 
     covered person apprised of the progress of the Department on 
     a covered person's request or appeal as described in 
     subparagraph (C).
       (d) Applicability.--The policy and process required to be 
     developed by the Secretary under subsection (a) shall not be 
     subject to the notice and comment rulemaking requirements 
     under section 553 of title 5, United States Code.
       (e) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     actions taken to carry out this section, including a 
     comprehensive description of the policy and process developed 
     and implemented by the Secretary under subsection (a).

     SEC. 546. BRIEFING ON MENTAL HEALTH SUPPORT FOR VICARIOUS 
                   TRAUMA FOR CERTAIN PERSONNEL IN THE MILITARY 
                   JUSTICE SYSTEM.

       (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Judge Advocates 
     General of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force and the 
     Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps 
     shall jointly brief the Committees on

[[Page H6212]]

     Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     on the mental health support for vicarious trauma provided to 
     personnel in the military justice system specified in 
     subsection (b).
       (b) Personnel.--The personnel specified in this subsection 
     are the following:
       (1) Court-martial convening authorities who are members of 
     the Armed Forces.
       (2) Trial counsel.
       (3) Defense counsel.
       (4) Military judges.
       (5) Special Victims' Counsel.
       (6) Military investigative personnel.
       (c) Elements.--The briefing required by subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) A description and assessment of the mental health 
     support for vicarious trauma provided to personnel in the 
     military justice system specified in subsection (b), 
     including a description of the support services available and 
     the support services being used.
       (2) A description and assessment of mechanisms to eliminate 
     or reduce stigma in the pursuit by such personnel of such 
     mental health support.
       (3) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     providing such personnel with breaks between assignments or 
     cases as part of such mental health support in order to 
     reduce the effects of vicarious trauma.
       (4) A description and assessment of the extent, if any, to 
     which duty of such personnel on particular types of cases, or 
     in particular caseloads, contributes to vicarious trauma, and 
     of the extent, if any, to which duty on such cases or 
     caseloads has an effect on retention of such personnel in the 
     Armed Forces.
       (5) A description of the extent, if any, to which such 
     personnel are screened or otherwise assessed for vicarious 
     trauma before discharge or release from the Armed Forces.
       (6) Such other matters in connection with the provision of 
     mental health support for vicarious trauma to such personnel 
     as the Judge Advocates General and the Staff Judge Advocate 
     jointly consider appropriate.

     SEC. 547. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                   IMPLEMENTATION BY THE ARMED FORCES OF RECENT 
                   GAO RECOMMENDATIONS AND STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS 
                   ON ASSESSMENT OF RACIAL, ETHNIC, AND GENDER 
                   DISPARITIES IN THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

       (a) Report Required.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report, in 
     writing, on a study, conducted by the Comptroller General for 
     purposes of the report, on the implementation by the Armed 
     Forces of the following:
       (1) The recommendations in the May 2019 report of the 
     General Accountability Office entitled ``Military Justice: 
     DOD and the Coast Guard Need to Improve Their Capabilities to 
     Assess Racial and Gender Disparities'' (GAO-19-344).
       (2) Requirements in section 540I(b) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 
     133 Stat. 1369; 10 U.S.C. 810 note), relating to assessments 
     covered by such recommendations.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include, for each recommendation and requirement specified in 
     that subsection, the following:
       (1) A description of the actions taken or planned by the 
     Department of Defense, the military department concerned, or 
     the Armed Force concerned to implement such recommendation or 
     requirement.
       (2) An assessment of the extent to which the actions taken 
     to implement such recommendation or requirement, as described 
     pursuant to paragraph (1), are effective or meet the intended 
     objective.
       (3) Any other matters in connection with such 
     recommendation or requirement, and the implementation of such 
     recommendation or requirement by the Armed Forces, that the 
     Comptroller General considers appropriate.
       (c) Briefings.--Not later than May 1, 2021, the Comptroller 
     General shall provide the committees referred to in 
     subsection (a) one or more briefings on the status of the 
     study required by that subsection, including any preliminary 
     findings and recommendations of the Comptroller General as a 
     result of the study as of the date of such briefing.

     SEC. 548. LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR VETERANS AND SURVIVING SPOUSES 
                   AND DEPENDENTS.

       (a) Availability of Legal Assistance at Facilities of 
     Department of Veterans Affairs.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 59 of title 38, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 5906. Availability of legal assistance at Department 
       facilities

       ``(a) In General.--Not less frequently than three times 
     each year, the Secretary shall facilitate the provision by a 
     qualified legal assistance clinic of pro bono legal 
     assistance described in subsection (c) to eligible 
     individuals at not fewer than one medical center of the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs, or such other facility of the 
     Department as the Secretary considers appropriate, in each 
     State.
       ``(b) Eligible Individuals.--For purposes of this section, 
     an eligible individual is--
       ``(1) any veteran;
       ``(2) any surviving spouse; or
       ``(3) any child of a veteran who has died.
       ``(c) Pro Bono Legal Assistance Described.--The pro bono 
     legal assistance described in this subsection is the 
     following:
       ``(1) Legal assistance with any program administered by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(2) Legal assistance associated with--
       ``(A) improving the status of a military discharge or 
     characterization of service in the Armed Forces, including 
     through a discharge review board; or
       ``(B) seeking a review of a military record before a board 
     of correction for military or naval records.
       ``(3) Such other legal assistance as the Secretary--
       ``(A) considers appropriate; and
       ``(B) determines may be needed by eligible individuals.
       ``(d) Limitation on Use of Facilities.--Space in a medical 
     center or facility designated under subsection (a) shall be 
     reserved for and may only be used by the following, subject 
     to review and removal from participation by the Secretary:
       ``(1) A veterans service organization or other nonprofit 
     organization.
       ``(2) A legal assistance clinic associated with an 
     accredited law school.
       ``(3) A legal services organization.
       ``(4) A bar association.
       ``(5) Such other attorneys and entities as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       ``(e) Legal Assistance in Rural Areas.--In carrying out 
     this section, the Secretary shall ensure that pro bono legal 
     assistance is provided under subsection (a) in rural areas.
       ``(f) Definition of Veterans Service Organization.--In this 
     section, the term `veterans service organization' means any 
     organization recognized by the Secretary for the 
     representation of veterans under section 5902 of this 
     title.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 59 of such title is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new item:
``5906. Availability of legal assistance at Department facilities.''.
       (b) Pilot Program to Establish and Support Legal Assistance 
     Clinics.--
       (1) Pilot program required.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
     shall establish a pilot program to assess the feasibility and 
     advisability of awarding grants to eligible entities to 
     establish new legal assistance clinics, or enhance existing 
     legal assistance clinics or other pro bono efforts, for the 
     provision of pro bono legal assistance described in 
     subsection (c) of section 5906 of title 38, United States 
     Code, as added by subsection (a), on a year-round basis to 
     individuals who served in the Armed Forces, including 
     individuals who served in a reserve component of the Armed 
     Forces, and who were discharged or released therefrom, 
     regardless of the conditions of such discharge or release, at 
     locations other than medical centers and facilities described 
     in subsection (a) of such section.
       (B) Rule of construction.--Nothing in subparagraph (A) 
     shall be construed to limit or affect--
       (i) the provision of pro bono legal assistance to eligible 
     individuals at medical centers and facilities of the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs under section 5906(a) of title 
     38, United States Code, as added by subsection (a); or
       (ii) any other legal assistance provided pro bono at 
     medical centers or facilities of the Department as of the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Eligible entities.--For purposes of the pilot program, 
     an eligible entity is--
       (A) a veterans service organization or other nonprofit 
     organization specifically focused on assisting veterans;
       (B) an entity specifically focused on assisting veterans 
     and associated with an accredited law school;
       (C) a legal services organization or bar association; or
       (D) such other type of entity as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate for purposes of the pilot program.
       (3) Locations.--The Secretary shall ensure that at least 
     one grant is awarded under paragraph (1)(A) to at least one 
     eligible entity in each State, if the Secretary determines 
     that there is such an entity in a State that has applied for, 
     and meets requirements for the award of, such a grant.
       (4) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
     program during the five-year period beginning on the date on 
     which the Secretary establishes the pilot program.
       (5) Application.--An eligible entity seeking a grant under 
     the pilot program shall submit to the Secretary an 
     application therefore at such time, in such manner, and 
     containing such information as the Secretary may require.
       (6) Selection.--The Secretary shall select eligible 
     entities who submit applications under paragraph (5) for the 
     award of grants under the pilot program using a competitive 
     process that takes into account the following:
       (A) Capacity of the applicant entity to serve veterans and 
     ability of the entity to provide sound legal advice.
       (B) Demonstrated need of the veteran population the 
     applicant entity would serve.
       (C) Demonstrated need of the applicant entity for 
     assistance from the grants.
       (D) Geographic diversity of applicant entities.
       (E) Such other criteria as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (7) Grantee reports.--Each recipient of a grant under the 
     pilot program shall, in accordance with such criteria as the 
     Secretary may establish, submit to the Secretary a report on 
     the activities of the recipient and how the grant amounts 
     were used.
       (c) Review of Pro Bono Eligibility of Federal Workers.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall, 
     in consultation with the Attorney General and the Director of 
     the Office of Government Ethics, conduct a review of the 
     rules and regulations governing the circumstances under which 
     attorneys employed by the Federal

[[Page H6213]]

     Government can provide pro bono legal assistance.
       (2) Recommendations.--In conducting the review required by 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary shall develop recommendations 
     for such legislative or administrative action as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate to facilitate greater 
     participation by Federal employees in pro bono legal and 
     other volunteer services for veterans.
       (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
     submit to the appropriate committees of Congress--
       (A) the findings of the Secretary with respect to the 
     review conducted under paragraph (1); and
       (B) the recommendations developed by the Secretary under 
     paragraph (2).
       (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress a report on the status of 
     the implementation of this section.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Committee on 
     Appropriations of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Committee on 
     Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
       (2) Veterans service organization.--The term ``veterans 
     service organization'' means any organization recognized by 
     the Secretary for the representation of veterans under 
     section 5902 of title 38, United States Code.

     SEC. 549. CLARIFICATION OF TERMINATION OF LEASES OF PREMISES 
                   AND MOTOR VEHICLES OF SERVICEMEMBERS WHO INCUR 
                   CATASTROPHIC INJURY OR ILLNESS OR DIE WHILE IN 
                   MILITARY SERVICE.

       (a) Catastrophic Injuries and Illnesses.--Paragraph (4) of 
     section 305(a) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 
     U.S.C. 3955(a)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(4) Catastrophic injury or illness of lessee.--
       ``(A) Termination.--If the lessee on a lease described in 
     subsection (b) incurs a catastrophic injury or illness during 
     a period of military service or while performing covered 
     service, during the one-year period beginning on the date on 
     which the lessee incurs such injury or illness--
       ``(i) the lessee may terminate the lease; or
       ``(ii) in the case of a lessee who lacks the mental 
     capacity to contract or to manage his or her own affairs 
     (including disbursement of funds without limitation) due to 
     such injury or illness, the spouse or dependent of the lessee 
     may terminate the lease.
       ``(B) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
       ``(i) The term `catastrophic injury or illness' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 439(g) of title 37, United 
     States Code.
       ``(ii) The term `covered service' means full-time National 
     Guard duty, active Guard and Reserve duty, or inactive-duty 
     training (as such terms are defined in section 101(d) of 
     title 10, United States Code).''.
       (b) Deaths.--Paragraph (3) of such section is amended by 
     striking ``The spouse of the lessee'' and inserting ``The 
     spouse or dependent of the lessee''.

     SEC. 549A. MULTIDISCIPLINARY BOARD TO EVALUATE SUICIDE 
                   EVENTS.

       (a) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     issue guidance that requires each suicide event involving of 
     a member of a covered Armed Force to be reviewed by a 
     multidisciplinary board established at the command or 
     installation level, or by the Chief of the covered Armed 
     Force. Such guidance shall require that, for each suicide 
     event reviewed by such a board, the board shall--
       (1) clearly define the objective, purpose, and outcome of 
     the review;
       (2) take a multidisciplinary approach to the review and 
     include, as part of the review process, leaders of military 
     units, medical and mental health professionals, and 
     representatives of military criminal investigative 
     organizations; and
       (3) take appropriate steps to protect and share information 
     obtained from ongoing investigations into the event (such as 
     medical and law enforcement reports).
       (b) Implementation by Covered Armed Forces.--Not later than 
     90 days after the date on which the guidance is issued under 
     subsection (a), the Chiefs of the covered Armed Forces shall 
     implement the guidance.
       (c) Progress Report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the progress of the Secretary in implementing the guidance 
     required under subsection (a).
       (d) Covered Armed Forces Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``covered Armed Forces'' means the Army, Navy, Air 
     Force, Marine Corps, and Space Force.

     SEC. 549B. IMPROVEMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TRACKING OF 
                   AND RESPONSE TO INCIDENTS OF CHILD ABUSE, ADULT 
                   CRIMES AGAINST CHILDREN, AND SERIOUS HARMFUL 
                   BEHAVIOR BETWEEN CHILDREN AND YOUTH INVOLVING 
                   MILITARY DEPENDENTS ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Improvements Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, consistent 
     with recommendations of the Comptroller General of the United 
     States in Government Accountability Office report GA0-20-110, 
     take actions in accordance with this section in order to 
     improve the efforts of the Department of Defense to track and 
     respond to incidents of serious harm to children involving 
     dependents of members of the Armed Forces that occur on 
     military installations (in this section referred to as 
     ``covered incidents of serious harm to children'').
       (2) Serious harm to children defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``serious harm to children'' includes the following:
       (A) Caregiver child abuse involving physical abuse, sexual 
     abuse, emotional abuse, or neglect.
       (B) Non-caregiver adult crimes against children.
       (C) Serious harmful behaviors between children and youth of 
     a physical, sexual, or emotional nature.
       (b) Data Collection and Tracking of Incidents of Harm to 
     Children.--
       (1) Non-caregiver adult crimes against children.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall establish a process for the 
     Department of Defense to track reported covered incidents of 
     serious harm to children described in subsection (a)(2)(B) in 
     which the alleged offender is an adult who is not a parent, 
     guardian, or someone in a caregiving role at the time of the 
     incident. The information so tracked shall comport with the 
     information tracked by the Department in reported covered 
     incidents of serious harm to children in which the alleged 
     offender is a parent, guardian, or someone in a caregiving 
     role at the time of the incident.
       (2) Serious harmful behaviors between children and youth.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
     maintain in the Department of Defense a centralized database 
     to track incidents of serious harmful behaviors between 
     children and youth described in subsection (a)(2)(C), 
     including information across the Department on problematic 
     sexual behavior in children and youth that are reported to an 
     appropriate office, as determined by the Secretary, or 
     investigated by a military criminal investigative 
     organization, regardless of whether the alleged offender was 
     another child, an adult, or someone in a non-caregiving role 
     at the time of an incident.
       (B) Elements.--The centralized database required by this 
     paragraph shall include, for each incident within the 
     database, the following:
       (i) Information pertinent to a determination by the 
     Department on whether such incident meets the definition of 
     an incident of serious harmful behavior between children and 
     youth.
       (ii) The results of any investigation of such incident by a 
     military criminal investigative organization.
       (iii) Information on the ultimate disposition of the 
     incident, if any, including any administrative or 
     prosecutorial action taken.
       (C) Annual reports on information.--The information 
     collected and maintained in the centralized database required 
     by this paragraph shall be reported on an annual basis as 
     part of the annual reports by the Secretary on child abuse 
     and domestic abuse in the military as required by section 574 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2141).
       (D) Briefings.--Not later than March 31, 2021, and every 
     six months thereafter until the centralized database required 
     by this paragraph is fully operational, the Secretary shall 
     brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives on the status of the database.
       (3) Department of defense reporting guidance.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall issue guidance regarding which 
     incidents of serious harmful behavior between children and 
     youth require reporting to the Family Advocacy Program, a 
     military criminal investigative organization, or another 
     component of the Department of Defense designated by the 
     Secretary.
       (c) Response Procedures for Incidents of Serious Harm to 
     Children Reported to Family Advocacy Programs.--
       (1) Incident determination committee membership.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the voting membership 
     of each Incident Determination Committee, as defined in 
     paragraph (7), on a military installation includes medical 
     personnel with the knowledge and expertise required to 
     determine whether a reported incident of serious harm to a 
     child meets the criteria of the Department of Defense for 
     treatment as child abuse.
       (2) Screening reported incidents of serious harm to 
     children.--
       (A) Development of standardized process.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall develop a standardized process by which the 
     Family Advocacy Programs of the military departments screen 
     reported covered incidents of serious harm to children to 
     determine whether to present such incident to an Incident 
     Determination Committee.
       (B) Monitoring.--The Secretary of each military department 
     shall develop a process to monitor the manner in which 
     reported incidents of serious harm to children are screened 
     by each installation under the jurisdiction of such Secretary 
     in order to ensure that such screening complies with the 
     standardized screening process developed pursuant to 
     subparagraph (A).
       (3) Required notifications.--
       (A) Documentation.--The Secretary of each military 
     department shall require that installation Family Advocacy 
     Programs and military criminal investigative organizations 
     under the jurisdiction of such Secretary document in their 
     respective databases the date on which they notified the 
     other of a reported incident of serious harm to a child.
       (B) Oversight.--The Secretary of each military department 
     shall require that the Family Advocacy Program of such 
     military department, and the headquarters of the military 
     criminal investigative organizations of such military 
     department, develop processes to oversee the documentation of 
     notifications required by subparagraph (A) in order to ensure 
     that such notifications occur on a consistent basis at 
     installation level.

[[Page H6214]]

       (4) Certified pediatric sexual assault forensic 
     examiners.--
       (A) Geographic regions for examiners.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall specify geographic regions in which military 
     families reside for purposes of the availability of and 
     access to certified pediatric sexual assault examiners in 
     such regions.
       (B) Availability.--The Secretary shall ensure that--
       (i) one or more certified pediatric sexual assault 
     examiners are located in each geographic region specified 
     pursuant to subparagraph (A); and
       (ii) examiners so located serve as certified pediatric 
     sexual assault examiners throughout such region, without 
     regard to Armed Force or installation.
       (5) Removal of children from unsafe homes overseas.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall issue policy that clarifies and 
     standardizes across the Armed Forces the circumstances under 
     which a commander may remove a child from a potentially 
     unsafe home at an installation overseas.
       (6) Resource guide for victims of serious harm to 
     children.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary of each military department 
     shall develop and maintain a comprehensive guide on resources 
     available through the Department of Defense and such military 
     department for military families under the jurisdiction of 
     such Secretary who are victims of serious harm to children.
       (B) Elements.--Each guide under this paragraph shall 
     include the following:
       (i) Information on the response processes of the Family 
     Advocacy Programs and military criminal investigative 
     organizations of the military department concerned.
       (ii) Lists of available support services, such as legal, 
     medical, and victim advocacy services, through the Department 
     of Defense and the military department concerned.
       (C) Distribution.--A resource guide under this paragraph 
     shall be presented to a military family by an installation 
     Family Advocacy Program and military criminal investigative 
     personnel when a covered incident of serious harm to a child 
     involving a child in such family is reported.
       (D) Availability on internet.--A current version of each 
     resource guide under this paragraph shall be available to the 
     public on an Internet website of the military department 
     concerned available to the public.
       (7) Incident determination committee defined.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``Incident Determination Committee'' 
     means a committee established at a military installation that 
     is responsible for reviewing reported incidents of child 
     abuse and determining whether such incidents constitute 
     serious harm to children according to the applicable criteria 
     of the Department of Defense.
       (d) Coordination and Collaboration With Non-military 
     Resources.--
       (1) Consultation with states.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall--
       (A) continue the outreach efforts of the Department of 
     Defense to the States in order to ensure that States are 
     notified when a member of the Armed Forces or a military 
     dependent is involved in a reported incident of serious harm 
     to a child off a military installation; and
       (B) increase efforts at information sharing between the 
     Department and the States on such incidents of serious harm 
     to children, including entry into memoranda of understanding 
     with State child welfare agencies on information sharing in 
     connection with such incidents.
       (2) Collaboration with national children's alliance.--
       (A) Memoranda of understanding.--The Secretary of each 
     military department shall seek to enter into a memorandum of 
     understanding with the National Children's Alliance, or 
     similar organization, under which--
       (i) the children's advocacy center services of the Alliance 
     are available to all installations in the continental United 
     States under the jurisdiction of such Secretary; and
       (ii) members of the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of 
     such Secretary are made aware of the nature and availability 
     of such services.
       (B) Participation of certain entities.--Each memorandum of 
     understanding under this paragraph shall provide for the 
     appropriate participation of the Family Advocacy Program and 
     military criminal investigative organizations of the military 
     department concerned in activities under such memorandum of 
     understanding.
       (C) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each military 
     department shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on 
     the status of the development of a memorandum of 
     understanding with the National Children's Alliance under 
     this paragraph, together with information on which 
     installations, if any, under the jurisdiction of such 
     Secretary have entered into a written agreement with a local 
     children's advocacy center with respect to serious harm to 
     children on such installations.

     SEC. 549C. INDEPENDENT ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON 
                   DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Analysis and Recommendations.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
     enter into a contract or other agreement with an appropriate 
     entity in the private sector (including a Federally funded 
     research and development center) for the conduct of an 
     analysis and the development of recommendations on means to 
     improve the effectiveness of the covered Armed Forces in 
     responding to and preventing domestic violence.
       (2) Expertise.--The entity with which the Secretary enters 
     into a contract or agreement pursuant to this section shall 
     have expertise in--
       (A) scientific and other research relating to domestic 
     violence; and
       (B) science-based strategies for the prevention, 
     intervention, and response to domestic violence.
       (b) Scope of Analysis and Recommendations.--Under the 
     contract or agreement entered into pursuant to subsection 
     (a), the entity concerned shall analyze and develop 
     recommendations for the Secretary with respect to each of the 
     following:
       (1) The risk of domestic violence at various stages of 
     military service, including identification of--
       (A) stages at which there is a higher than average risk of 
     domestic violence; and
       (B) stages at which the implementation of domestic violence 
     prevention strategies may have the greatest preventive 
     effect.
       (2) The use and dissemination of domestic violence 
     prevention resources throughout the stages of military 
     service, including providing new members with training in 
     domestic violence prevention.
       (3) Best practices for the targeting of domestic violence 
     prevention resources toward those with a higher risk of 
     domestic violence.
       (4) Strategies to prevent domestic violence by training, 
     educating, and assigning prevention-related responsibilities 
     to--
       (A) commanders;
       (B) medical, behavioral, and mental health service 
     providers;
       (C) family advocacy program representatives;
       (D) Military Family Life Consultants; and
       (E) other individuals and entities with responsibilities 
     that may be relevant to addressing domestic violence.
       (5) The efficacy of providing survivors of domestic 
     violence with the option to request expedited transfers, and 
     the effects of such transfers.
       (6) Improvements to procedures for reporting appropriate 
     legal actions to the National Crime Information Center, and 
     the efficacy of such procedures.
       (7) The effects of domestic violence on--
       (A) housing for military families;
       (B) the education of military dependent children;
       (C) member work assignments and careers; and
       (D) the health of members and their families, including 
     short-term and long-term health effects and effects on mental 
     health.
       (8) Age-appropriate training and education programs for 
     students attending schools operated by the Department of 
     Defense Education Activity that are designed to assist such 
     students in learning positive relationship behaviors in 
     families and with intimate partners.
       (9) The potential effects of requiring military protective 
     orders to be issued by a military judge, including whether 
     such a requirement would increase the enforcement of military 
     protective orders by civilian law enforcement agencies 
     outside the boundaries of military installations.
       (10) Whether prevention of domestic violence would be 
     enhanced by raising the disposition authority for offenses of 
     domestic violence to an officer who is--
       (A) in grade 0-6 or above;
       (B) in the chain of command of the accused; and
       (C) authorized by chapter 47 of title 10, United States 
     Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), to convene 
     special courts martial.
       (11) Means of improving access to resources for survivors 
     of domestic violence throughout the stages of military 
     service.
       (12) Any other matters the Secretary specifies in the 
     contract or agreement with respect to--
       (A) decreasing the frequency of domestic violence committed 
     by or upon members of the covered Armed Forces and their 
     dependents; and
       (B) reducing the severity of such violence.
       (c) Access to Information and Facilities.--The Secretary 
     shall provide the entity with which the Secretary contracts 
     or enters into an agreement pursuant to subsection (a) such 
     access to information and facilities of the Department of 
     Defense as the Secretary and the entity jointly consider 
     appropriate for the analysis and development of 
     recommendations required by the contract.
       (d) Report to Secretary of Defense.--
       (1) In general.--The contract or agreement pursuant to 
     subsection (a) shall require the entity with which the 
     Secretary contracts or enters into agreement to submit to the 
     Secretary a report on the analysis conducted and 
     recommendations developed by the entity under the contract or 
     agreement by not later than one year after the date of entry 
     into the contract or agreement.
       (2) Elements.--The report required pursuant to paragraph 
     (1) shall include the following:
       (A) A comprehensive description of the analysis conducted 
     by the entity concerned under the contract or agreement.
       (B) A list of the recommendations developed by the entity, 
     including, for each such recommendation, a justification for 
     such recommendation.
       (C) Such other matters as the Secretary shall specify in 
     the contract or agreement.
       (e) Report to Congress.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after receipt of 
     the report required pursuant to subsection (d), the Secretary 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on means to 
     improve the effectiveness of the covered Armed Forces in 
     responding to and preventing domestic violence.
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) The report received by the Secretary pursuant to 
     subsection (d).
       (B) For each recommendation included in the report pursuant 
     to subsection (d) by reason of paragraph (2)(B) of that 
     subsection--
       (i) an assessment by the Secretary of the feasibility and 
     advisability of implementing such recommendation; and

[[Page H6215]]

       (ii) if the Secretary considers the implementation of such 
     recommendation feasible and advisable, a description of the 
     actions taken, or to be taken, to implement such 
     recommendation.
       (C) Such other matters relating to the improvement of the 
     effectiveness of the covered Armed Forces in responding to 
     and preventing domestic violence as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate in light of the report pursuant to subsection 
     (d).
       (f) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
     for fiscal year 2021 for the Department of Defense by section 
     301 and available for operation and maintenance, Defense 
     wide, as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $1,000,000 shall be available for contract or agreement 
     entered into pursuant to subsection (a).
       (g) Covered Armed Forces Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``covered Armed Forces'' means the Army, the Navy, the 
     Air Force, and the Marine Corps.

                  Subtitle F--Diversity and Inclusion

     SEC. 551. DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND 
                   RELATED MATTERS.

       (a) Standard Diversity and Inclusion Metrics and Annual 
     Report Requirements.--
       (1) In general.--Section 113 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (c)--
       (i) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
     (3) and (4), respectively; and
       (ii) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph (2):
       ``(2) a report from each military department on the status 
     of diversity and inclusion in such department;'';
       (B) in subsection (g)(1)(B), by inserting after clause 
     (vi), the following new clause (vii):
       ``(vii) Strategic goals related to diversity and inclusion 
     in the armed forces, and an assessment of measures of 
     performance related to the efforts of the armed forces to 
     reflect the diverse population of the United States eligible 
     to serve in the armed forces.'';
       (C) by redesignating subsections (m) and (n) as subsections 
     (n) and (o), respectively; and
       (D) by inserting after subsection (k) the following new 
     subsections (l) and (m):
       ``(l)(1) The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
     Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is 
     operating, shall establish metrics to measure--
       ``(A) efforts to reflect across all grades comprising the 
     officer and enlisted corps of each armed force the diverse 
     population of the United States eligible to serve in the 
     armed forces; and
       ``(B) the efforts of the armed forces to generate and 
     maintain a ready military force that will prevail in war, 
     prevent and deter conflict, defeat adversaries, and succeed 
     in a wide range of contingencies.
       ``(2) In implementing the requirement in paragraph (1), the 
     Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of 
     the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, shall--
       ``(A) ensure that data elements, data collection 
     methodologies, and reporting processes and structures 
     pertinent to each metric established pursuant to that 
     paragraph are comparable across the armed forces, to the 
     extent practicable;
       ``(B) establish standard classifications that members of 
     the armed forces may use to self-identify their gender, race, 
     or ethnicity, which classifications shall be consistent with 
     Office of Management and Budget Number Directive 15, entitled 
     `Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and 
     Administrative Reporting', or any successor directive;
       ``(C) define conscious and unconscious bias with respect to 
     matters of diversity and inclusion, and provide guidance to 
     eliminate such bias;
       ``(D) conduct a barrier analysis to review demographic 
     diversity patterns across the military life cycle, starting 
     with enlistment or accession into the armed forces, in order 
     to--
       ``(i) identify barriers to increasing diversity;
       ``(ii) develop and implement plans and processes to resolve 
     or eliminate any barriers to diversity; and
       ``(iii) review the progress of the armed forces in 
     implementing previous plans and processes to resolve or 
     eliminate barriers to diversity;
       ``(E) develop and implement plans and processes to ensure 
     that advertising and marketing to promote enlistment or 
     accession into the armed forces is representative of the 
     diverse population of the United States eligible to serve in 
     the armed forces; and
       ``(F) meet annually with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and 
     the Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces to assess progress 
     toward diversity and inclusion across the armed forces and to 
     elicit recommendations and advice for enhancing diversity and 
     inclusion in the armed forces
       ``(m) Accompanying each national defense strategy provided 
     to the congressional defense committees in accordance with 
     subsection (g)(1)(D), the Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of the Department in which 
     the Coast Guard is operating, shall provide a report that 
     sets forth a detailed discussion, current as of the preceding 
     fiscal year, of the following:
       ``(1) The number of officers and enlisted members of the 
     armed forces, including the reserve components, disaggregated 
     by gender, race, and ethnicity, for each grade in each armed 
     force.
       ``(2) The number of members of the armed forces, including 
     the reserve components, who were promoted during the fiscal 
     year covered by such report, disaggregated by gender, race, 
     and ethnicity, for each grade in each armed force, and of the 
     number so promoted, the number promoted below, in, and above 
     the applicable promotion zone.
       ``(3) The number of members of the armed forces, including 
     the reserve components, who were enlisted or accessed into 
     the armed forces during the fiscal year covered by such 
     report, disaggregated by gender, race, and ethnicity, in each 
     armed force.
       ``(4) The number of graduates of each military service 
     academy during the fiscal year covered by such report, 
     disaggregated by gender, race, and ethnicity, for each 
     military department and the United States Coast Guard.
       ``(5) The number of members of the armed forces, including 
     the reserve components, who reenlisted or otherwise extended 
     a commitment to military service during the fiscal year 
     covered by such report, disaggregated by gender, race, and 
     ethnicity, for each grade in each armed force.
       ``(6) An assessment of the pool of officers best qualified 
     for promotion to grades O-9 and O-10, disaggregated by 
     gender, race, and ethnicity, in each military department and 
     the United States Coast Guard.
       ``(7) Any other matter the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.''.
       (2) Public availability of reports.--Not later than 72 
     hours after submitting to the congressional defense 
     committees a report required by subsection (m) of section 113 
     of title 10, United States Code (as amended by paragraph 
     (1)), the Secretary of Defense shall make the report 
     available on an Internet website of the Department of Defense 
     available to the public. In so making a report available, the 
     Secretary shall ensure that any data included in the report 
     is made available in a machine-readable format that is 
     downloadable, searchable, and sortable.
       (3) Construction of metrics.--
       (A) With merit-based processes.--Any metric established 
     pursuant to subsection (l) of section 113 of title 10, United 
     States Code (as so amended), may not be used in a manner that 
     undermines the merit-based processes of the Department of 
     Defense and the Coast Guard, including such processes for 
     accession, retention, and promotion.
       (B) With other matters.--Any such metric may not be used to 
     identify or specify specific quotas based upon diversity 
     characteristics. The Secretary concerned shall continue to 
     account for diversified language and cultural skills among 
     the total force of the Armed Forces.
       (4) Repeal of superseded reporting requirement.--Section 
     115a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (g); and
       (B) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (g).
       (b) Requirement to Consider All Best Qualified Officers for 
     Promotion to O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
       (1) In general.--Section 601 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(e) Prior to making a recommendation to the Secretary of 
     Defense for the nomination of an officer for appointment to a 
     position of importance and responsibility under this section, 
     which appointment would result in the initial appointment of 
     the officer concerned in the grade of lieutenant general or 
     general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral 
     or admiral in the Navy, or the commensurate grades in the 
     Space Force, the Secretary concerned shall consider all 
     officers determined to be among the best qualified for such 
     position.''.
       (2) Coast guard.--Section 305(a) of title 14, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(4) Prior to making a recommendation to the President for 
     the nomination of an officer for appointment to a position of 
     importance and responsibility under this section, which 
     appointment would result in the initial appointment of the 
     officer concerned in the grade of vice admiral, the 
     Commandant shall consider all officers determined to be among 
     the best qualified for such position.''.
       (c) Report on Findings of Defense Board on Diversity and 
     Inclusion in the Military.--
       (1) In general.--Upon the completion by the Defense Board 
     on Diversity and Inclusion in the Military of its report on 
     actionable recommendations to increase diversity and ensure 
     equal opportunity across all grades of the Armed Forces, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on the report of the Defense Board, including the 
     findings and recommendations of the Defense Board.
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A comprehensive description of the findings and 
     recommendations of the Defense Board in its report referred 
     to in paragraph (1).
       (B) A comprehensive description of any actionable 
     recommendations of the Defense Board in its report.
       (C) A description of the actions proposed to be undertaken 
     by the Secretary in connection with such recommendations, and 
     a timeline for implementation of such actions.
       (D) Any data used by the Defense Board and in the 
     development of its findings and recommendations.
       (E) A description of the resources used by the Defense 
     Board for its report, and a description and assessment of any 
     shortfalls in such resources for purposes of the Defense 
     Board.
       (d) Defense Advisory Committee on Diversity and Inclusion 
     in the Armed Forces Matters.--
       (1) Report.--At the same time the Secretary of Defense 
     submits the report required by subsection (c), the Secretary 
     shall also submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     Defense Advisory Committee on Diversity and Inclusion in the 
     Armed Forces.
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) The mission statement or purpose of the Advisory 
     Committee, and any proposed objectives and goals of the 
     Advisory Committee.

[[Page H6216]]

       (B) A description of current members of the Advisory 
     Committee and the criteria used for selecting members.
       (C) A description of the duties and scope of activities of 
     the Advisory Committee.
       (D) The reporting structure of the Advisory Committee.
       (E) An estimate of the annual operating costs and staff 
     years of the Advisory Committee.
       (F) An estimate of the number and frequency of meetings of 
     the Advisory Committee.
       (G) Any subcommittees, established or proposed, that would 
     support the Advisory Committee.
       (3) Notice and wait on dissolution.--The Secretary may not 
     dissolve the Defense Advisory Committee on Diversity and 
     Inclusion in the Armed Forces until 60 days after the date on 
     which the Secretary submits to the committees of Congress 
     specified in paragraph (1) a notice on the dissolution of the 
     Advisory Committee.

     SEC. 552. NATIONAL EMERGENCY EXCEPTION FOR TIMING 
                   REQUIREMENTS WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN SURVEYS OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Members of Regular and Reserve Components.--Subsection 
     (d) of section 481 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(d) When Surveys Required.--(1) The Armed Forces 
     Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys of the Active Duty and 
     the Armed Forces Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of the 
     Reserve Components shall each be conducted once every two 
     years. The surveys may be conducted within the same year or 
     in two separate years, and shall be conducted in a manner 
     designed to reduce the burden of the surveys on members of 
     the armed forces.
       ``(2) The two Armed Forces Workplace and Equal Opportunity 
     Surveys shall be conducted at least once every four years. 
     The surveys may be conducted within the same year or in two 
     separate years, and shall be conducted in a manner designed 
     to reduce the burden of the surveys on members of the armed 
     forces.
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct 
     of a survey under this section if the Secretary determines 
     that conducting such survey is not practicable due to a war 
     or national emergency declared by the President or Congress.
       ``(B) The Secretary shall ensure that a survey postponed 
     under subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable 
     after the end of the period of war or national emergency 
     concerned, or earlier if the Secretary determines 
     appropriate.
       ``(C) The Secretary shall notify Congress of a 
     determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days 
     after the date on which the Secretary makes such 
     determination.''.
       (b) Cadets and Midshipmen.--
       (1) United states military academy.--Section 7461(c) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct 
     of an assessment under this subsection if the Secretary 
     determines that conducting such assessment is not practicable 
     due to a war or national emergency declared by the President 
     or Congress.
       ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an 
     assessment postponed under subparagraph (A) is conducted as 
     soon as practicable after the end of the period of war or 
     national emergency concerned, or earlier if the Secretary 
     determines appropriate.
       ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of a 
     determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days 
     after the date on which the Secretary makes such 
     determination.''.
       (2) United states naval academy.--Section 8480(c) of such 
     title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct 
     of an assessment under this subsection if the Secretary 
     determines that conducting such assessment is not practicable 
     due to a war or national emergency declared by the President 
     or Congress.
       ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an 
     assessment postponed under subparagraph (A) is conducted as 
     soon as practicable after the end of the period of war or 
     national emergency concerned, or earlier if the Secretary 
     determines appropriate.
       ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of a 
     determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days 
     after the date on which the Secretary makes such 
     determination.''.
       (3) United states air force academy.--Section 9461(c) of 
     such title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct 
     of an assessment under this subsection if the Secretary 
     determines that conducting such assessment is not practicable 
     due to a war or national emergency declared by the President 
     or Congress.
       ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an 
     assessment postponed under subparagraph (A) is conducted as 
     soon as practicable after the end of the period of war or 
     national emergency concerned, or earlier if the Secretary 
     determines appropriate.
       ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of a 
     determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days 
     after the date on which the Secretary makes such 
     determination.''.
       (c) Department of Defense Civilian Employees.--Section 481a 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
     end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Postponement.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may 
     postpone the conduct of a survey under this section if the 
     Secretary determines that conducting such survey is not 
     practicable due to a war or national emergency declared by 
     the President or Congress.
       ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that a survey postponed 
     under paragraph (1) is conducted as soon as practicable after 
     the end of the period of war or national emergency concerned, 
     or earlier if the Secretary determines appropriate.
       ``(3) The Secretary shall notify Congress of a 
     determination under paragraph (1) not later than 30 days 
     after the date on which the Secretary makes such 
     determination.''.

     SEC. 553. QUESTIONS REGARDING RACISM, ANTI-SEMITISM, AND 
                   SUPREMACISM IN WORKPLACE SURVEYS ADMINISTERED 
                   BY THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.

       Section 593 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(a) Questions Required.--'' before ``The 
     Secretary'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, racist, anti-
     Semitic, or supremacist'' after ``extremist''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing 
     including--
       ``(1) the text of the questions included in surveys under 
     subsection (a); and
       ``(2) which surveys include such questions.''.

     SEC. 554. INSPECTOR GENERAL OVERSIGHT OF DIVERSITY AND 
                   INCLUSION IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE; 
                   SUPREMACIST, EXTREMIST, OR CRIMINAL GANG 
                   ACTIVITY IN THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Establishment of Additional Deputy Inspector General of 
     the Department of Defense.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     appoint, in the Office of the Inspector General of the 
     Department of Defense, an additional Deputy Inspector General 
     who--
       (A) shall be a member of the Senior Executive Service of 
     the Department; and
       (B) shall report directly to and serve under the authority, 
     direction, and control of the Inspector General.
       (2) Duties.--Subject to the Inspector General Act of 1978 
     (Public Law 95-452; 5 U.S.C. App.), the Deputy Inspector 
     General shall have the following duties:
       (A) Conducting and supervising audits, investigations, and 
     evaluations of policies, programs, systems, and processes of 
     the Department--
       (i) to determine the effect of such policies, programs, 
     systems, and processes regarding personnel on diversity and 
     inclusion in the Department; and
       (ii) to prevent and respond to supremacist, extremist, and 
     criminal gang activity of a member of the Armed Forces, 
     including the duties of the Inspector General under 
     subsection (b).
       (B) Additional duties prescribed by the Secretary or 
     Inspector General.
       (3) Coordination of efforts.--In carrying out the duties 
     under paragraph (2), the Deputy Inspector General shall 
     coordinate with, and receive the cooperation of the 
     following:
       (A) The Inspector General of the Army.
       (B) The Inspector General of the Navy.
       (C) The Inspector General of the Air Force.
       (D) The other Deputy Inspectors General of the Department.
       (4) Reports.--
       (A) One-time report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Inspector General 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report describing, 
     with respect to the Deputy Inspector General appointed under 
     this subsection:
       (i) the duties and responsibilities to be assigned to such 
     Deputy Inspector General;
       (ii) the organization, structure, staffing, and funding of 
     the office established to support such Deputy Inspector 
     General in the execution of such duties and responsibilities;
       (iii) challenges to the establishment of such Deputy 
     Inspector General and such office, including any shortfalls 
     in personnel and funding; and
       (iv) the date by which the Inspector General expects such 
     Deputy Inspector General and the office will reach full 
     operational capability.
       (B) Semiannual reports.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     end of the second and fourth quarters of each fiscal year 
     beginning in fiscal year 2022, the Deputy Inspector General 
     shall submit to the Secretary and the Inspector General a 
     report including a summary of the activities of the Deputy 
     Inspector General during the two fiscal quarters preceding 
     the date of the report.
       (C) Annual reports.--The Deputy Inspector General shall 
     submit, through the Secretary and Inspector General, to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives annual reports presenting findings and 
     recommendations regarding--
       (i) the effects of policies, programs, systems, and 
     processes of the Department, regarding personnel, on 
     diversity and inclusion in the Department; and
       (ii) the effectiveness of such policies, programs, systems, 
     and processes in preventing and responding to supremacist, 
     extremist, and criminal gang activity of a member of the 
     Armed Forces.
       (D) Occasional reports.--The Deputy Inspector General 
     shall, from time to time, submit to the Secretary and the 
     Inspector General additional reports as the Secretary or 
     Inspector General may direct.
       (E) Online publication.--The Deputy Inspector General shall 
     publish each report under this paragraph on a publicly 
     accessible website of the Department not later than 21 days 
     after

[[Page H6217]]

     submitting such report to the Secretary, Inspector General, 
     or the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives.
       (b) Establishment of Standard Policies, Processes, Tracking 
     Mechanisms, and Reporting Requirements for Supremacist, 
     Extremist, and Criminal Gang Activity in Certain Armed 
     Forces.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
     policies, processes, and mechanisms, standard across the 
     covered Armed Forces, that ensure that--
       (A) all allegations (and related information) that a member 
     of a covered Armed Force has engaged in a prohibited 
     activity, are referred to the Inspector General of the 
     Department of Defense;
       (B) the Inspector General can document and track the 
     referral, for purposes of an investigation or inquiry of an 
     allegation described in paragraph (1), to--
       (i) a military criminal investigative organization;
       (ii) an inspector general;
       (iii) a military police or security police organization;
       (iv) a military commander;
       (v) another organization or official of the Department; or
       (vi) a civilian law enforcement organization or official;
       (C) the Inspector General can document and track the 
     referral, to a military commander or other appropriate 
     authority, of the final report of an investigation or inquiry 
     described in subparagraph (B) for action;
       (D) the Inspector General can document the determination of 
     whether a member described in subparagraph (A) engaged in 
     prohibited activity;
       (E) the Inspector General can document whether a member of 
     a covered Armed Force was subject to action (including 
     judicial, disciplinary, adverse, or corrective administrative 
     action) or no action, as the case may be, based on a 
     determination described in subparagraph (D); and
       (F) the Inspector General can provide, or track the 
     referral to a civilian law enforcement agency of, any 
     information described in this paragraph.
       (2) Report.--Not later than December 1 of each year 
     beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees a report on the policies, processes, 
     and mechanisms implemented under paragraph (1). Each report 
     shall include, with respect to the fiscal year preceding the 
     date of the report, the following:
       (A) The total number of referrals received by the Inspector 
     General under paragraph (1)(A);
       (B) The total number of investigations and inquiries 
     conducted pursuant to a referral described in paragraph 
     (1)(B);
       (C) The total number of members of a covered Armed Force 
     who, on the basis of determinations described in paragraph 
     (1)(D) that the members engaged in prohibited activity, were 
     subject to action described in paragraph (1)(E), including--
       (i) court-martial,
       (ii) other criminal prosecution,
       (iii) non-judicial punishment under Article 15 of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice; or
       (iv) administrative action, including involuntary discharge 
     from the Armed Forces, a denial of reenlistment, or 
     counseling.
       (D) The total number of members of a covered Armed Force 
     described in paragraph (1)(A) who were not subject to action 
     described in paragraph (1)(E), notwithstanding determinations 
     described in paragraph (1)(D) that such members engaged in 
     prohibited activity.
       (E) The total number of referrals described in paragraph 
     (1)(F).
       (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (i) the Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on 
     Armed Services of the Senate; and
       (ii) the Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on 
     Armed Services of the House of Representatives.
       (B) The term ``covered Armed Force'' means an Armed Force 
     under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
     department.
       (C) The term ``prohibited activity'' means an activity 
     prohibited under Department of Defense Instruction 1325.06, 
     titled ``Handling Dissident and Protest Activities Among 
     Members of the Armed Forces'', or any successor instruction.

     SEC. 555. POLICY TO IMPROVE RESPONSES TO PREGNANCY AND 
                   CHILDBIRTH BY CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       (a) Policy Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall develop a policy to ensure that the career 
     of a member of the Armed Forces is not unduly affected 
     because the member is a covered member. The policy shall 
     address the following:
       (1) Enforcement and implementation of the applicable 
     requirements of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Public Law 
     95-555; 42 U.S.C. 2000e(k)).
       (2) The need for individual determinations regarding the 
     ability of members of the Armed Forces to serve during and 
     after pregnancy.
       (3) Responses to the effects specific to covered members 
     who reintegrate into home life after deployment.
       (4) Education and training on pregnancy discrimination to 
     diminish stigma, stereotypes, and negative perceptions 
     regarding covered members, including with regards to 
     commitment to the Armed Forces and abilities.
       (5) Opportunities to maintain readiness when positions are 
     unfilled due to pregnancy, medical conditions arising from 
     pregnancy or childbirth, pregnancy convalescence, or parental 
     leave.
       (6) Reasonable accommodations for covered members in 
     general and specific accommodations based on career field or 
     military occupational specialty.
       (7) Consideration of deferments at military educational 
     institutions for covered members.
       (8) Extended assignments and performance reporting periods 
     for covered members.
       (9) A mechanism by which covered members may report 
     harassment or discrimination, including retaliation, relating 
     to being a covered member.
       (b) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives--
       (1) a briefing summarizing the policy developed under this 
     section; and
       (2) a copy of the policy.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered member'' means a member of an Armed 
     Force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
     department who--
       (A) is pregnant;
       (B) gives birth to a child; or
       (C) incurs a medical condition arising from pregnancy or 
     childbirth.
       (2) The term ``military educational institution'' means a 
     postsecondary educational institution established within the 
     Department of Defense.

     SEC. 556. TRAINING ON CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   INSTRUCTIONS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       In accordance with Department of Defense Instruction 
     1300.17, dated September 1, 2020, and applicable law, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall implement training on relevant 
     Federal statutes, Department of Defense Instructions, and the 
     regulations of each military department, including the 
     responsibility of commanders to maintain good order and 
     discipline.

     SEC. 557. EVALUATION OF BARRIERS TO MINORITY PARTICIPATION IN 
                   CERTAIN UNITS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Study Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Personnel and Readiness shall seek to enter into an agreement 
     with a federally funded research and development center with 
     relevant expertise to conduct an evaluation of the barriers 
     to minority participation in covered units of the Armed 
     Forces.
       (2) Elements.--The evaluation required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) A description of the racial, ethnic, and gender 
     composition of covered units.
       (B) A comparison of the participation rates of minority 
     populations in covered units to participation rates of the 
     general population as members and as officers of the Armed 
     Forces.
       (C) A comparison of the percentage of minority officers in 
     the grade of O-7 or higher who have served in each covered 
     unit to such percentage for all such officers in the Armed 
     Force of that covered unit.
       (D) An identification of barriers to minority (including 
     English language learners) participation in the recruitment, 
     accession, assessment, and training processes.
       (E) The status and effectiveness of the response to the 
     recommendations contained in the report of the RAND 
     Corporation titled ``Barriers to Minority Participation in 
     Special Operations Forces'' and any follow-up 
     recommendations.
       (F) Recommendations to increase the numbers of minority 
     officers in the Armed Forces.
       (G) Recommendations to increase minority participation in 
     covered units.
       (H) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.
       (3) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall--
       (A) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the results of the study by not later than January 1, 
     2022; and
       (B) provide interim briefings to such committees upon 
     request.
       (b) Designation.--The study conducted under subsection (a) 
     shall be known as the ``Study on Reducing Barriers to 
     Minority Participation in Elite Units in the Armed 
     Services''.
       (c) Implementation Required.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
     later than March 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     commence the implementation of each recommendation included 
     in the final report submitted under subsection (a)(3).
       (2) Exceptions.--
       (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     commence implementation of a recommendation described 
     paragraph (1) later than March 1, 2023, if--
       (i) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
     committees, not later than January 1, 2023, written notice of 
     the intent of the Secretary to delay implementation of the 
     recommendation; and
       (ii) includes, as part of such notice, a specific 
     justification for the delay in implementing the 
     recommendation.
       (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may elect 
     not to implement a recommendation described in paragraph (1), 
     if--
       (i) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
     committees, not later than January 1, 2023, written notice of 
     the intent of the Secretary not to implement the 
     recommendation; and
       (ii) includes, as part of such notice--

       (I) the reasons for the Secretary's decision not to 
     implement the recommendation; and
       (II) a summary of alternative actions the Secretary will 
     carry out to address the purposes underlying the 
     recommendation.

       (3) Implementation plan.--For each recommendation that the 
     Secretary implements under this subsection, the Secretary 
     shall submit

[[Page H6218]]

     to the congressional defense committees an implementation 
     plan that includes--
       (A) a summary of actions the Secretary has carried out, or 
     intends to carry out, to implement the recommendation; and
       (B) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
     the implementation of the recommendation.
       (d) Covered Units Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered units'' means the following:
       (1) Army Special Forces.
       (2) Army Rangers.
       (3) Navy SEALs.
       (4) Air Force Combat Control Teams.
       (5) Air Force Pararescue.
       (6) Air Force Special Reconnaissance.
       (7) Marine Raider Regiments.
       (8) Marine Corps Force Reconnaissance.
       (9) Coast Guard Maritime Security Response Team.
       (10) Any other forces designated by the Secretary of 
     Defense as special operations forces.
       (11) Pilot and navigator military occupational specialties.

     SEC. 558. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                   EQUAL OPPORTUNITY AT THE MILITARY SERVICE 
                   ACADEMIES.

       Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report that the following:
       (1) The aggregate number of equal opportunity claims filed 
     with respect to each military service academy during 2019 and 
     2020.
       (2) Of the number of claims specified pursuant to paragraph 
     (1) for each military service academy, the number of such 
     claims that were substantiated.
       (3) The results of any completed climate survey of cadets 
     or midshipmen, as applicable, conducted by each military 
     service academy, and any authorized organization external to 
     such military service academy, during the two-year period 
     ending on December 31, 2020 (or such longer period the 
     Comptroller General determines appropriate).
       (4) An analysis of the data reported pursuant to paragraphs 
     (1) through (3), an assessment whether the data indicates one 
     or more trends in equal opportunity at the military service 
     academies, and, if so, a description and assessment of each 
     such trend.
       (5) A description and assessment of the Equal Opportunity 
     programs and other programs to improve the climate of each 
     military service academy, based on matters raised by equal 
     opportunity claims, climate surveys, and such other evidence 
     or assessments the Comptroller General determines 
     appropriate, including an assessment whether such programs 
     address trends identified pursuant to the analysis conducted 
     for purposes of paragraph (4).

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

     SEC. 561. EXTENSION OF TIME TO REVIEW WORLD WAR I VALOR 
                   MEDALS.

       (a) In General.--Section 584(f) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 
     133 Stat. 1281) is amended by striking ``five'' and inserting 
     ``six''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect as if enacted on the date of the enactment 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1281).

     SEC. 562. AUTHORIZATIONS FOR CERTAIN AWARDS.

       (a) Distinguished-Service Cross to Ramiro F. Olivo for Acts 
     of Valor During the Vietnam War.--
       (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
     specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or 
     any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
     certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
     President may award the Distinguished-Service Cross under 
     section 7272 of such title to Ramiro F. Olivo for the acts of 
     valor described in paragraph (2).
       (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described 
     in this paragraph are the actions of Ramiro F. Olivo on May 
     9, 1968, as a member of the Army serving in the Republic of 
     Vietnam.
       (b) Medal of Honor to Ralph Puckett, Jr., for Acts of Valor 
     During the Korean War.--
       (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
     specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or 
     any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
     certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
     President may award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of 
     such title to Ralph Puckett, Jr. for the acts of valor 
     described in paragraph (2).
       (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described 
     in this paragraph are the actions of Ralph Puckett, Jr. on 
     November 25 and 26, 1950, as a member of the Army serving in 
     Korea, for which he was awarded the Distinguished-Service 
     Cross.
       (c) Medal of Honor to Dwight M. Birdwell for Acts of Valor 
     During the Vietnam War.--
       (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
     specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or 
     any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
     certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
     President may award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of 
     such title to Dwight M. Birdwell for the acts of valor 
     described in paragraph (2).
       (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described 
     in this paragraph are the actions of Dwight M. Birdwell on 
     January 31, 1968, as a member of the Army serving in the 
     Republic of Vietnam, for which he was awarded the Silver 
     Star.
       (d) Medal of Honor to Alwyn C. Cashe for Acts of Valor 
     During Operation Iraqi Freedom.--
       (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
     specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or 
     any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
     certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
     President may award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of 
     such title to Alwyn C. Cashe for the acts of valor described 
     in paragraph (2).
       (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described 
     in this paragraph are the actions of Alwyn C. Cashe on 
     October 17, 2005, as a member of the Army serving in Iraq in 
     support of Operation Iraqi Freedom, for which he was 
     posthumously awarded the Silver Star.
       (e) Medal of Honor to Earl D. Plumlee for Acts of Valor 
     During Operation Enduring Freedom.--
       (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
     specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or 
     any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
     certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
     President may award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of 
     such title to Earl D. Plumlee for the acts of valor described 
     in paragraph (2).
       (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described 
     in this paragraph are the actions of Earl D. Plumlee on 
     August 28. 2013, as a member of the Army serving in 
     Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom, for 
     which he was awarded the Silver Star.

     SEC. 563. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON ESTABLISHMENT OF SERVICE MEDAL 
                   FOR RADIATION-EXPOSED VETERANS.

       (a) Study Required; Report.--Not later than May 1, 2021, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     a report containing the results of a study assessing the 
     feasibility of establishing a service medal to award to 
     radiation-exposed veterans.
       (b) Elements.--The report shall contain the following:
       (1) An analysis of how the decorations and awards of the 
     Department of Defense have been updated to reflect the nature 
     of military service across generations and conflicts.
       (2) An assessment of the conditions of service of 
     radiation-exposed veterans.
       (3) Any plan of the Secretary to recognize (by means of a 
     decoration or award) current, retired, or former members of 
     the Armed Forces exposed to toxic materials or environments 
     in the course of military service, including radiation-
     exposed veterans.
       (4) An assessment of the feasibility of establishing an 
     atomic veterans service device to be added to the National 
     Defense Service Medal or another appropriate medal.
       (5) A determination of the direct or indirect costs to the 
     Department that would arise from the establishment of such a 
     device or other appropriate medal.
       (6) Any other element the Secretary determines appropriate.
       (c) Meeting Required.--In the course of the feasibility 
     study, the Secretary shall hold no fewer than one meeting 
     with representatives of organizations that advocate for 
     radiation-exposed veterans (including leadership of the 
     National Association of Atomic Veterans, Inc.) to discuss the 
     study and to work with such organizations on steps towards a 
     mutually agreeable and timely recognition of the valued 
     service of radiation-exposed veterans.
       (d) Radiation-exposed Veteran Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``radiation-exposed veteran'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 1112 of title 38, United States Code.

     SEC. 564. EXPRESSING SUPPORT FOR THE DESIGNATION OF SILVER 
                   STAR SERVICE BANNER DAY.

       Congress supports the designation of a ``Silver Star 
     Service Banner Day'' and recommends that the President issues 
     each year a proclamation calling on the people of the United 
     States to observe Silver Star Service Banner Day with 
     appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities.

   Subtitle H--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

     SECTION 571. MENTORSHIP AND CAREER COUNSELING PROGRAM FOR 
                   OFFICERS TO IMPROVE DIVERSITY IN MILITARY 
                   LEADERSHIP.

       (a) Program Required.--
       (1) In general.--Section 656 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as 
     subsections (c) through (f), respectively; and
       (B) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsection (b):
       ``(b) Mentoring and Career Counseling Program.--
       ``(1) Program required as part of plan.--With the goal of 
     having the diversity of the population of officers serving in 
     each branch, specialty, community, and grade of each armed 
     force reflect the diversity of the population in such armed 
     force as a whole, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary 
     of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall 
     include in the plan required by subsection (a) a mentoring 
     and career counseling program for officers.
       ``(2) Elements.--The program required by this subsection 
     shall include the following:
       ``(A) The option for any officer to participate in the 
     program.
       ``(B) For each officer who elects to participate in the 
     program, the following:
       ``(i) One or more opportunities for mentoring and career 
     counseling before selection of the officer's branch, 
     specialty, or community.
       ``(ii) Ongoing opportunities for mentoring and career 
     counseling following selection of the officer's branch, 
     specialty, or community, and continuing through the officer's 
     military career.

[[Page H6219]]

       ``(C) Mentoring and counseling during opportunities under 
     subparagraph (B) consisting of the following:
       ``(i) Information on officer retention and promotion rates 
     in each grade, branch, specialty, and community of the armed 
     force concerned, including the rate at which officers in each 
     branch, specialty, or community of such armed force are 
     promoted to a grade above O-6.
       ``(ii) Information on career and service pathways, 
     including service in the reserve components.
       ``(iii) Such other information as may be required to 
     optimize the ability of an officer to make informed career 
     decisions through the officer's military career.''.
       (2) Performance metrics.--Subsection (c) of such section, 
     as redesignated by paragraph (1)(A), is amended--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and Mentoring 
     and Career Counseling Program'' after ``Developing and 
     Implementing Plan''; and
       (B) by inserting ``and the mentoring and career counseling 
     program under subsection (b)'' after ``the plan under 
     subsection (a)''.
       (3) Conforming and clerical amendments.--
       (A) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 656. Diversity in military leadership: plan; mentoring 
       and career counseling program''.

       (B) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 37 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 656 and inserting the following 
     new item:
``656. Diversity in military leadership: plan; mentoring and career 
              counseling program.''.
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of the Department in which 
     the Coast Guard is operating, submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress a report on the mentoring and career 
     counseling program established pursuant to subsection (b) of 
     section 656 of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
     subsection (a)).
       (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
     the following:
       (A) A description of the manner in which each Armed Force 
     will implement the mentoring and counseling program,
       (B) A description of the metrics that will be used to 
     measure progress in developing and implementing the mentoring 
     and career counseling program.
       (C) For each Armed Force, an explanation whether the 
     mentoring and career counseling program will be carried out 
     as part of another program of such Armed Force or through the 
     establishment of a separate subprogram or subprograms of such 
     Armed Force.
       (D) A description of the additional resources, if any, that 
     will be required to implement the mentoring and career 
     counseling program, including the specific number of 
     additional personnel authorizations that will be required to 
     staff the program.
       (E) Such other information on the mentoring and career 
     counseling program as the Secretary of Defense and the 
     Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is 
     operating consider appropriate.
       (3) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
     Representatives.

     SEC. 572. EXPANSION OF SKILLBRIDGE PROGRAM TO INCLUDE THE 
                   COAST GUARD.

       Section 1143(e) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``of a military 
     department'' and inserting ``concerned'';
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``of the military 
     department''; and
       (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``of Defense'' and 
     inserting ``concerned''.

     SEC. 573. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF PERMANENT PROFESSORS AT THE 
                   UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY.

       Section 9431(b)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``23'' and inserting ``25''.

     SEC. 574. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS WITH 2021 AND 2022 
                   CERTIFICATIONS ON THE READY, RELEVANT LEARNING 
                   INITIATIVE OF THE NAVY.

       (a) Additional Elements With 2021 Certifications.--In 
     submitting to Congress in 2021 the certifications required by 
     section 545 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1396; 10 
     U.S.C. 8431 note prec.), relating to the Ready, Relevant 
     Learning initiative of the Navy, the Secretary of the Navy 
     shall also submit each of the following:
       (1) A framework for a life cycle sustainment plan for the 
     Ready, Relevant Learning initiative meeting the requirements 
     in subsection (b).
       (2) A report on the use of readiness assessment teams in 
     training addressing the elements specified in subsection (c).
       (b) Life Cycle Sustainment Plan Framework.--The framework 
     for a life cycle sustainment plan required by subsection 
     (a)(1) shall address each of the following:
       (1) Product support management.
       (2) Supply support.
       (3) Packaging, handling, storage, and transportation.
       (4) Maintenance planning and management.
       (5) Design interface.
       (6) Sustainment engineering.
       (7) Technical data.
       (8) Computer resources.
       (9) Facilities and infrastructure.
       (10) Manpower and personnel.
       (11) Support equipment.
       (12) Training and training support.
       (13) Course content and relevance.
       (14) Governance, including the acquisition and program 
     management structure.
       (15) Such other elements in the life cycle sustainment of 
     the Ready, Relevant Learning initiative as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (c) Report on Use of Readiness Assessment Teams.--The 
     report required by subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the 
     following:
       (1) A description and assessment of the extent to which the 
     Navy is currently using Engineering Readiness Assessment 
     Teams and Combat Systems Readiness Assessment Teams to 
     conduct unit-level training and assistance in each capacity 
     as follows:
       (A) To augment non-Ready, Relevant Learning initiative 
     training.
       (B) As part of Ready, Relevant Learning initiative 
     training.
       (C) To train students on legacy, obsolete, one of a kind, 
     or unique systems that are still widely used by the Navy.
       (D) To train students on military-specific systems that are 
     not found in the commercial maritime world.
       (2) A description and assessment of potential benefits, and 
     anticipated timelines and costs, in expanding Engineering 
     Readiness Assessment Team and Combat Systems Readiness 
     Assessment Team training in the capacities specified in 
     paragraph (1).
       (3) Such other matters in connection with the use of 
     readiness assessment teams in connection with the Ready, 
     Relevant Learning initiative as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (d) Life Cycle Sustainment Plan With 2022 Certifications.--
     In submitting to Congress in 2022 the certifications required 
     by section 545 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018, the Secretary shall also submit the 
     approved life cycle sustainment plan for the Ready, Relevant 
     Learning initiative of the Navy, based on the framework for 
     the plan developed for purposes of subsection (a)(1).

     SEC. 575. INFORMATION ON NOMINATIONS AND APPLICATIONS FOR 
                   MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES.

       (a) Nominations Portal.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than two years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Superintendents of the military service 
     academies, shall ensure that there is a uniform online portal 
     for all military service academies that enables Members of 
     Congress and other nominating sources to nominate individuals 
     for appointment to each academy through a secure website.
       (2) Information collection and reporting.--The online 
     portal established under paragraph (1) shall have the ability 
     to--
       (A) collect, from each nominating source, the demographic 
     information described in subsection (b) for each individual 
     nominated to attend a military service academy; and
       (B) collect the information required to be included in each 
     annual report of the Secretary under subsection (c) in a 
     manner that enables the Secretary to automatically compile 
     such information when preparing the report.
       (3) Availability of information.--The portal shall allow 
     Members of Congress, other nominating sources, and their 
     designees to view their past nomination records for all 
     application cycles.
       (b) Standard Classifications for Collection of Demographic 
     Data.--
       (1) Standards required.--The Secretary, in consultation 
     with the Superintendents of the military service academies, 
     shall establish standard classifications that cadets, 
     midshipmen, and applicants to the academies may use to report 
     gender, race, and ethnicity and to provide other demographic 
     information in connection with admission to or enrollment in 
     an academy.
       (2) Consistency with omb guidance.--The standard 
     classifications established under paragraph (1) shall be 
     consistent with the standard classifications specified in 
     Office of Management and Budget Directive No. 15 (pertaining 
     to race and ethnic standards for Federal statistics and 
     administrative reporting) or any successor directive.
       (3) Incorporation into applications and records.--Not later 
     than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     the Secretary shall incorporate the standard classifications 
     established under paragraph (1) into--
       (A) applications for admission to the military service 
     academies; and
       (B) the military personnel records of cadets and midshipmen 
     enrolled in such academies.
       (c) Annual Report on the Demographics Military Service 
     Academy Applicants.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than September 30 of each 
     year beginning after the establishment of the online portal, 
     the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on the demographics of applicants to military service 
     academies for the most recently concluded application year.
       (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, with respect to each military service academy, the 
     following:
       (A) The number of individuals who submitted an application 
     for admission to the academy in the application year covered 
     by the report.
       (B) Of the individuals who submitted an application for 
     admission to the academy in such year--
       (i) the overall demographics of applicant pool, 
     disaggregated by the classifications established under 
     subsection (b);
       (ii) the number and percentage who received a nomination, 
     disaggregated by the classifications established under 
     subsection (b);
       (iii) the number and percentage who received an offer for 
     appointment to the academy,

[[Page H6220]]

     disaggregated by the classifications established under 
     subsection (b); and
       (iv) the number and percentage who accepted an appointment 
     to the academy, disaggregated by the classifications 
     established under subsection (b).
       (3) Consultation.--In preparing each report under paragraph 
     (1), the Secretary shall consult with the Superintendents of 
     the military service academies.
       (4) Availability of reports and data.--The Secretary 
     shall--
       (A) make the results of each report under paragraph (1) 
     available on a publicly accessible website of the Department 
     of Defense; and
       (B) ensure that any data included with the report is made 
     available in a machine-readable format that is downloadable, 
     searchable, and sortable.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``application year'' means the period 
     beginning on January 1 of one year and ending on June 1 of 
     the following year.
       (2) The term ``machine-readable'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 3502(18) of title 44, United States 
     Code.
       (3) The term ``military service academy'' means--
       (A) the United States Military Academy;
       (B) the United States Naval Academy; and
       (C) the United States Air Force Academy.

     SEC. 576. REPORT ON POTENTIAL IMPROVEMENTS TO CERTAIN 
                   MILITARY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Chairman of 
     the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     a report setting forth the results of a review and 
     assessment, obtained by the Secretary for purposes of the 
     report, of the potential effects on the military education 
     provided by the educational institutions of the Department of 
     Defense specified in subsection (b) of the actions described 
     in subsection (c).
       (b) Educational Institutions of the Department of 
     Defense.--The educational institutions of the Department of 
     Defense specified in this subsection are the following:
       (1) The senior level service schools and intermediate level 
     service schools (as such terms are defined in section 2151(b) 
     of title 10, United States Code).
       (2) The Air Force Institute of Technology.
       (3) The National Defense University.
       (4) The Joint Special Operations University.
       (5) The Army Armament Graduate School.
       (6) Any other military educational institution of the 
     Department specified by the Secretary for purposes of this 
     section.
       (c) Actions.--The actions described in this subsection with 
     respect to the educational institutions of the Department of 
     Defense specified in subsection (b) are the following:
       (1) Modification of admission and graduation requirements.
       (2) Expansion of use of case studies in curricula for 
     professional military education.
       (3) Reduction or expansion of degree-granting authority.
       (4) Reduction or expansion of the acceptance of research 
     grants.
       (5) Reduction or expansion of the number of attending 
     students generally.
       (6) Modification of military personnel career milestones in 
     order to prioritize instructor positions.
       (7) Increase in educational and performance requirements 
     for military personnel selected to be instructors.
       (8) Expansion of visiting or adjunct faculty.
       (9) Modification of civilian faculty management practices, 
     including employment practices.
       (10) Reduction of the number of attending students through 
     the sponsoring of education of an increased number of 
     students at non-Department of Defense institutions of higher 
     education.
       (d) Additional Elements.--In addition to the matters 
     described in subsection (a), the review and report under this 
     section shall also include the following:
       (1) A consolidated summary that lists all components of the 
     professional military education enterprise of the Department 
     of Defense, including all associated schools, programs, 
     research centers, and support activities.
       (2) For each component identified under paragraph (1), the 
     assigned personnel strength, annual student throughput, and 
     budget details of the three fiscal years preceding the date 
     of the report.
       (3) An assessment of the differences between admission 
     standards and graduation requirements of the educational 
     institutions of the Department of Defense specified in 
     subsection (b) and such admission standards and graduation 
     requirements of public and private institutions of higher 
     education that the Secretary determines comparable to the 
     educational institutions of the Department of Defense.
       (4) An assessment of the requirements of the goals and 
     missions of the educational institutions of the Department of 
     Defense specified in subsection (b) and any need to adjust 
     such goals and missions to meet national security 
     requirements of the Department.
       (5) An assessment of the effectiveness and shortfalls of 
     the existing professional military education enterprise as 
     measured against graduate utilization, post-graduate 
     evaluations, and the education and force development 
     requirements of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and 
     the Chiefs of the Armed Forces.
       (6) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate 
     for purposes of this section.

     SEC. 577. COLLEGE OF INTERNATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS OF THE 
                   NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY.

       (a) Prohibition.--The Secretary of Defense may not 
     eliminate, divest, downsize, or reorganize the College of 
     International Security Affairs, nor its satellite program, 
     the Joint Special Operations Masters of Arts, of the National 
     Defense University, or seek to reduce the number of students 
     educated at the College, or its satellite program, until 30 
     days after the date on which the congressional defense 
     committees receive the report required by subsection (c).
       (b) Assessment, Determination, and Review.--The Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Policy, in consultation with the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, the 
     Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations/Low-
     Intensity Conflict, the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense 
     for Counternarcotics and Global Threats, the Deputy Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Stability and Humanitarian Affairs, 
     the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
     Operations and Combating Terrorism, the Chief Financial 
     Officer of the Department, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
     of Staff, and the Commander of United States Special 
     Operations Command, shall--
       (1) assess requirements for joint professional military 
     education and civilian leader education in the 
     counterterrorism, irregular warfare, and asymmetrical domains 
     to support the Department and other national security 
     institutions of the Federal Government;
       (2) determine whether the importance, challenges, and 
     complexity of the modern counterterrorism environment and 
     irregular and asymmetrical domains warrant--
       (A) a college at the National Defense University, or a 
     college independent of the National Defense University whose 
     leadership is responsible to the Office of the Secretary of 
     Defense; and
       (B) the provision of resources, services, and capacity at 
     levels that are the same as, or decreased or enhanced in 
     comparison to, those resources, services, and capacity in 
     place at the College of International Security Affairs on 
     January 1, 2019;
       (3) review the plan proposed by the National Defense 
     University for eliminating the College of International 
     Security Affairs and reducing and restructuring the 
     counterterrorism, irregular, and asymmetrical faculty, course 
     offerings, joint professional military education and degree 
     and certificate programs, and other services provided by the 
     College; and
       (4) assess the changes made to the College of International 
     Security Affairs since January 1, 2019, and the actions 
     necessary to reverse those changes, including relocating the 
     College and its associated budget, faculty, staff, students, 
     and facilities outside of the National Defense University.
       (c) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on--
       (1) the findings of the Secretary with respect to the 
     assessments, determination, and review conducted under 
     subsection (b); and
       (2) such recommendations as the Secretary may have for 
     higher education in the counterterrorism, irregular, and 
     asymmetrical domains.

     SEC. 578. IMPROVEMENTS TO THE CREDENTIALING OPPORTUNITIES ON-
                   LINE PROGRAMS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Study on Performance Measures.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall conduct a study to determine additional 
     performance measures to evaluate the effectiveness of the 
     Credentialing Opportunities On-Line programs (in this section 
     referred to as the ``COOL programs'') of each Armed Force in 
     connecting members of the Armed Forces with professional 
     credential programs. The study shall include the following:
       (1) The percentage of members of the Armed Force concerned 
     described in section 1142(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
     who participate in a professional credential program through 
     the COOL program of the Armed Force concerned.
       (2) The percentage of members of the Armed Force concerned 
     described in paragraph (1) who have completed a professional 
     credential program described in that paragraph.
       (3) The amount of funds obligated and expended to execute 
     the COOL program of each Armed Force during the five fiscal 
     years immediately preceding the date of the study.
       (4) Any other element determined by the Secretary of 
     Defense.
       (b) Information Tracking.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a process to standardize the tracking of 
     information regarding the COOL programs across the Armed 
     Forces.
       (c) Coordination.--To carry out this section, the Secretary 
     of Defense may coordinate with the Secretaries of Veterans 
     Affairs and Labor.
       (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House 
     of Representatives a report on--
       (1) the study conducted under subsection (a); and
       (2) the process established under subsection (b), including 
     a timeline to implement such process.

     SEC. 579. GAO STUDY REGARDING TRANSFERABILITY OF MILITARY 
                   CERTIFICATIONS TO CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONAL 
                   LICENSES AND CERTIFICATIONS.

       (a) Study; Report.--Not later than one year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
     containing the results of a study regarding the 
     transferability of military certifications to civilian 
     occupational licenses and certifications.
       (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include 
     the following:
       (1) Obstacles to transference of military certifications.

[[Page H6221]]

       (2) Any effects of the transferability of military 
     certifications on recruitment and retention.
       (3) Examples of certifications obtained from the Federal 
     Government that transfer to non-Federal employment.
       (4) An assessment of the effectiveness of the credentialing 
     programs of each Armed Force.

     SEC. 579A. REPORT REGARDING COUNTY, TRIBAL, AND LOCAL 
                   VETERANS SERVICE OFFICERS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
     in consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services and on Veterans' 
     Affairs of the House of Representatives and Senate a report 
     regarding the effects of the presence of CVSOs at 
     demobilization centers on members of the Armed Forces making 
     the transition to civilian life.
       (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include 
     the following:
       (1) The number of demobilization centers that host CVSOs.
       (2) The locations of demobilization centers described in 
     paragraph (1).
       (3) Barriers to expanding the presence of CVSOs at 
     demobilization centers nationwide.
       (4) Recommendations of the Secretary of Defense regarding 
     the presence of CVSOs at demobilization centers.
       (c) CVSO Defined.--In this section, the term ``CVSO'' 
     includes--
       (1) a county veterans service officer;
       (2) a Tribal veterans service officer;
       (3) a Tribal veterans representative; or
       (4) another State, Tribal, or local entity that the 
     Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.

    Subtitle I--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

     SEC. 581. FAMILY READINESS: DEFINITIONS; COMMUNICATION 
                   STRATEGY; REVIEW; REPORT.

       (a) Definitions.--Not later than six months after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall act on recommendation one of the report, 
     dated July 2019, of the National Academies of Science, 
     Engineering and Medicine, titled ``Strengthening the Military 
     Family Readiness System for a Changing American Society'', by 
     establishing definitions of ``family well-being'', ``family 
     readiness'', and ``family resilience'' for use by the 
     Department of Defense.
       (b) Communication Strategy.--Not later than 180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall--
       (1) ensure that the Secretary of Defense has carried out 
     section 561 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2010 (10 U.S.C. 1781 note);
       (2) implement a strategy to use of a variety of modes of 
     communication to ensure the broadest means of communicating 
     with military families; and
       (3) establish a process to measure the effectiveness of the 
     modes of communication described in paragraph (2).
       (c) Review.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
     a review of current programs, policies, services, resources, 
     and practices of the Department for military families as 
     outlined in recommendation four of the report described in 
     subsection (a).
       (d) Report.--Not later than 60 days after completing the 
     review under subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report detailing the results 
     of the review and how the Secretary shall improve programs, 
     policies, services, resources, and practices for military 
     families, based on the review.

     SEC. 582. IMPROVEMENTS TO EXCEPTIONAL FAMILY MEMBER PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Section 1781c of title 10, United States 
     Code is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``enhance'' and 
     inserting ``standardize, enhance,'';
       (2) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``and standard'' 
     after ``comprehensive'';
       (3) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``update from time to 
     time'' and inserting ``regularly update'';
       (B) in paragraph (3), by adding at the end the following 
     new subparagraphs:
       ``(C) Ability to request a second review of the approved 
     assignment within or outside the continental United States if 
     the member believes the location is inappropriate for the 
     member's family and would cause undue hardship.
       ``(D) Protection from having a medical recommendation for 
     an approved assignment overridden by the commanding officer.
       ``(E) Ability to request continuation of location when 
     there is a documented substantial risk of transferring 
     medical care or educational services to a new provider or 
     school at the specific time of permanent change of 
     station.''; and
       (C) in paragraph (4)--
       (i) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``of an individualized 
     services plan (medical and educational)'' and inserting ``by 
     an appropriate office of an individualized services plan 
     (whether medical, educational, or both)''; and
       (ii) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following new 
     subparagraphs:
       ``(H) Procedures for the development of an individualized 
     services plan for military family members with special needs 
     who have requested family support services and have a 
     completed family needs assessment.
       ``(I) Requirements to prohibit disenrollment from the 
     Exceptional Family Member Program unless there is new 
     supporting medical or educational information that indicates 
     the original condition is no longer present, and to track 
     disenrollment data in each armed force.''.
       (b) Standardization.--Not later than six months after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
     in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall, to the extent practicable, standardize 
     the Exceptional Family Member Program (in this section 
     referred to as the ``EFMP'') across the military departments. 
     The EFMP, standardized under this subsection, shall include 
     the following:
       (1) Processes for the identification and enrollment of 
     dependents of covered members with special needs.
       (2) A process for the permanent change of orders for 
     covered members, to ensure seamless continuity of services at 
     the new permanent duty station.
       (3) If an order for assignment is declined for a military 
     family with special needs, the member will receive a reason 
     for the decline of that order.
       (4) A review process for installations to ensure that 
     health care furnished through the TRICARE program, special 
     needs education programs, and installation-based family 
     support programs are available to military families enrolled 
     in the EFMP.
       (5) A standardized respite care benefit across the covered 
     Armed Forces, including the number of hours available under 
     such benefit to military families enrolled in the EFMP.
       (6) Performance metrics for measuring, across the 
     Department and with respect to each military department, the 
     following:
       (A) Assignment coordination and support for military 
     families with special needs, including a systematic process 
     for evaluating each military department's program for the 
     support of military families with special needs.
       (B) The reassignment of military families with special 
     needs, including how often members request reassignments, for 
     what reasons, and from what military installations.
       (C) The level of satisfaction of military families with 
     special needs with the family and medical support they are 
     provided.
       (7) A requirement that the Secretary of each military 
     department provide legal services by an attorney, trained in 
     education law, at each military installation--
       (A) the Secretary determines is a primary receiving 
     installation for military families with special needs; and
       (B) in a State that the Secretary determines has 
     historically not supported families enrolled in the EFMP.
       (8) The option for a family enrolled in the EFMP to 
     continue to receive all services under that program and a 
     family separation allowance, if otherwise authorized, if--
       (A) the covered member receives a new permanent duty 
     station; and
       (B) the covered member and family elect for the family not 
     to relocate with the covered member.
       (9) The solicitation of feedback from military families 
     with special needs, and discussions of challenges and best 
     practices of the EFMP, using existing family advisory 
     organizations.
       (c) Case Management.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall develop an EFMP case management model, 
     including the following:
       (1) A single EFMP office, located at the headquarters of 
     each covered Armed Force, to oversee implementation of the 
     EFMP and coordinate health care services, permanent change of 
     station order processing, and educational support services 
     for that covered Armed Force.
       (2) An EFMP office at each military installation with case 
     managers to assist each family of a covered member in the 
     development of a plan that addresses the areas specified in 
     subsection (b)(1).
       (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of the Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the implementation of 
     this section, including any recommendations of the Secretary 
     regarding additional legislation.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered Armed Force'' means an Armed Force 
     under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
     department.
       (2) The term ``covered member'' means a member--
       (A) of a covered Armed Force; and
       (B) with a dependent with special needs.

     SEC. 583. SUPPORT SERVICES FOR MEMBERS OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
                   FORCES AND IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS.

       (a) In General.--Section 1788a of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``Support 
     programs: special operations forces personnel; immediate 
     family members'';
       (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``for the immediate 
     family members of members of the armed forces assigned to 
     special operations forces'';
       (3) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``the immediate 
     family members of members of the armed forces assigned to 
     special operations forces'' and inserting ``covered 
     individuals'';
       (4) in subsection (d)(2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``family members of 
     members of the armed forces assigned to special operations 
     forces'' and inserting ``covered individuals''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``family members of 
     members of the armed forces assigned to special operations 
     forces'' and inserting ``covered individuals''; and
       (5) in subsection (e)(4)--
       (A) by inserting ``psychological support, spiritual 
     support, and'' before ``costs'';
       (B) by striking ``immediate family members of members of 
     the armed forces assigned to special operations forces'' and 
     inserting ``covered personnel''; and

[[Page H6222]]

       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) The term `covered personnel' means--
       ``(A) members of the Armed Forces (including the reserve 
     components) assigned to special operations forces;
       ``(B) service personnel assigned to support special 
     operations forces; and
       ``(C) immediate family members of individuals described in 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B).''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 88 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 1788a and 
     inserting the following:
``1788a. Support programs: special operations forces personnel; 
              immediate family members.''.

     SEC. 584. RESPONSIBILITY FOR ALLOCATION OF CERTAIN FUNDS FOR 
                   MILITARY CHILD DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS.

       Section 1791 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``It is the policy'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(a) Policy.--It is the policy''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) Responsibility for Allocations of Certain Funds.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall be responsible for the allocation 
     of Office of the Secretary of Defense level funds for 
     military child development programs for children from birth 
     through 12 years of age, and may not delegate such 
     responsibility to the military departments.''.

     SEC. 585. MILITARY CHILD CARE AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTER 
                   MATTERS.

       (a) Center Fees Matters.--Section 1793 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(c) Family Discount.--In the case of a family with two or 
     more children attending a child development center, the 
     regulations prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) may require 
     that installations commanders charge a fee for attendance at 
     the center of any child of the family after the first child 
     of the family in amount equal to 85 percent of the amount of 
     the fee otherwise chargeable for the attendance of such child 
     at the center.''.
       (b) Reports on Installations With Extreme Imbalance Between 
     Demand for and Availability of Child Care.--Not later than 
     one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
     Secretary of a military department shall submit to Congress a 
     report on the military installations under the jurisdiction 
     of such Secretary with an extreme imbalance between demand 
     for child care and availability of child care. Each report 
     shall include, for the military department covered by such 
     report, the following:
       (1) The name of the five installations of the military 
     department experiencing the most extreme imbalance between 
     demand for child care and availability of child care.
       (2) For each installation named pursuant to subparagraph 
     (A), the following:
       (A) An assessment whether civilian employees at child 
     development centers at such installation have rates of pay 
     and benefits that are competitive with other civilian 
     employees on such installation and with the civilian labor 
     pool in the vicinity of such installation.
       (B) A description and assessment of various incentives to 
     encourage military spouses to become providers under the 
     Family Child Care program at such installation.
       (C) Such recommendations at the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned considers appropriate to address the 
     imbalance between demand for child care and availability of 
     child care at such installation, including recommendations to 
     enhance the competitiveness of civilian child care positions 
     at such installation with other civilian positions at such 
     installation and the civilian labor pool in the vicinity of 
     such installation.

     SEC. 586. EXPANSION OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE UNDER MY CAREER 
                   ADVANCEMENT ACCOUNT PROGRAM.

       Section 580F of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(a) Professional License or 
     Certification; Associate's Degree.--'' before ``The 
     Secretary'';
       (2) by inserting ``or maintenance (including continuing 
     education courses)'' after ``pursuit''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) National Testing.--Financial assistance under 
     subsection (a) may be applied to the costs of national tests 
     that may earn a participating military spouse course credits 
     required for a degree approved under the program (including 
     the College Level Examination Program tests).''.

     SEC. 587. IMPROVEMENTS TO PARTNER CRITERIA OF THE MILITARY 
                   SPOUSE EMPLOYMENT PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.

       (a) Evaluation; Updates.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall evaluate the partner criteria set forth in the Military 
     Spouse Employment Partnership Program (in this section 
     referred to as the ``MSEP Program'') and implement updates 
     that the Secretary determines will improve such criteria 
     without diminishing the need for partners to exhibit sound 
     business practices, broad diversity efforts, and relative 
     financial stability. Such updates may expand the number of 
     the following entities that meet such criteria:
       (1) Institutions of primary, secondary, and higher 
     education.
       (2) Software and coding companies.
       (3) Local small businesses.
       (4) Companies that employ telework.
       (b) New Partnerships.--Upon completion of the evaluation 
     under subsection (a), the Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Department of Labor, shall seek to enter into agreements with 
     entities described in paragraphs (1) through (4) of 
     subsection (a) that are located near military installations 
     (as that term is defined in section 2687 of title 10, United 
     States Code).
       (c) Review; Report.--Not later than one year after 
     implementation under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
     review updates under subsection (a) and publish a report 
     regarding such review on a publicly-accessible website of the 
     Department of Defense. Such report shall include the 
     following:
       (1) The results of the evaluation of the MSEP Program, 
     including the implementation plan for any change to 
     partnership criteria.
       (2) Data on the new partnerships undertaken as a result of 
     the evaluation, including the type, size, and location of the 
     partner entities.
       (3) Data on the utility of the MSEP Program, including--
       (A) the number of military spouses who have applied through 
     the MSEP Program;
       (B) the average length of time a job is available before 
     being filled or removed from the MSEP Program portal; and
       (C) the average number of new jobs posted on the MSEP 
     Program portal each month.

     SEC. 588. 24-HOUR CHILD CARE.

       (a) 24-Hour Child Care.--If the Secretary of Defense 
     determines it feasible, pursuant to the study conducted 
     pursuant to subsection (b), the Secretary shall furnish child 
     care to each child of a member of the Armed Forces or 
     civilian employee of the Department of Defense while that 
     member or employee works on rotating shifts at a military 
     installation.
       (b) Feasibility Study; Report.--Not later than 270 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting 
     forth the results of a study, conducted by the Secretary for 
     purposes of this section, on the feasibility of furnishing 
     child care described in subsection (a).
       (c) Elements.--The report required by subsection (b) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) The results of the study described in that subsection.
       (2) If the Secretary determines that furnishing child care 
     available as described in subsection (a) is feasible, such 
     matters as the Secretary determines appropriate in connection 
     with furnishing such child care, including--
       (A) an identification of the installations at which such 
     child care would be beneficial to members of the Armed 
     Forces, civilian employees of the Department, or both;
       (B) an identification of any barriers to making such child 
     care available at the installations identified pursuant to 
     subparagraph (A);
       (C) an assessment whether the child care needs of members 
     of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department 
     described in subsection (a) would be better met by an 
     increase in assistance for child care fees;
       (D) a description and assessment of the actions, if any, 
     being taken to furnish such child care at the installations 
     identified pursuant to subparagraph (A); and
       (E) such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action the Secretary determines appropriate to make such 
     child care available at the installations identified pursuant 
     to subparagraph (A), or at any other military installation.

     SEC. 589. PILOT PROGRAM TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR IN-HOME CHILD 
                   CARE.

       (a) Establishment.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall establish a pilot program to 
     provide financial assistance to members of the Armed Forces 
     who pay for services provided by in-home child care 
     providers. In carrying out the pilot program, the Secretary 
     shall take the following steps:
       (1) Determine the needs of military families who request 
     services provided by in-home child care providers.
       (2) Determine the appropriate amount of financial 
     assistance to provide to military families described in 
     paragraph (1).
       (3) Determine the appropriate qualifications for an in-home 
     child care provider for whose services the Secretary shall 
     provide financial assistance to a military family. In 
     carrying out this paragraph, the Secretary shall--
       (A) take into consideration qualifications for in-home 
     child care providers in the private sector; and
       (B) ensure that the qualifications the Secretary determines 
     appropriate under this paragraph are comparable to the 
     qualifications for a provider of child care services in a 
     military child development center or family home day care.
       (4) Establish a marketing and communications plan to inform 
     members of the Armed Forces who live in the locations 
     described in subsection (b) about the pilot program.
       (b) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
     program in the five locations that the Secretary determines 
     have the greatest demand for child care services for children 
     of members of the Armed Forces.
       (c) Reports.--
       (1) Interim reports.--Not later than one year after the 
     Secretary establishes the pilot program and thrice annually 
     thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     an interim report on the pilot program. Each interim report 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) The number of military families participating in the 
     pilot program, disaggregated by location and duration of 
     participation.
       (B) The amount of financial assistance provided to 
     participating military families in each location.
       (C) Metrics by which the Secretary carries out subsection 
     (a)(3)(B);
       (D) The feasibility of expanding the pilot program.

[[Page H6223]]

       (E) Legislation or administrative action that the Secretary 
     determines necessary to make the pilot program permanent.
       (F) Any other information the Secretary determines 
     appropriate.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     termination of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a final report on the pilot program. 
     The final report shall include the following elements:
       (A) The elements specified in paragraph (1).
       (B) The recommendation of the Secretary whether to make the 
     pilot program permanent.
       (d) Termination.--The pilot program shall terminate five 
     years after the date on which the Secretary establishes the 
     pilot program.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``in-home child care provider'' means an 
     individual who provides child care services in the home of 
     the child.
       (2) The terms ``military child development center'' and 
     ``family home day care'' have the meanings given those terms 
     in section 1800 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 589A. CERTAIN ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES 
                   THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MILITARY AND 
                   CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.

       (a) Continuation of Authority to Assist Local Educational 
     Agencies That Benefit Dependents of Members of the Armed 
     Forces and Department of Defense Civilian Employees.--
       (1) Assistance to schools with significant numbers of 
     military dependent students.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2021 by section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $50,000,000 shall be available only for the purpose of 
     providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
     subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 
     20 U.S.C. 7703b).
       (2) Local educational agency defined.--In this subsection, 
     the term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).
       (b) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--
       (1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $10,000,000 shall be available for payments under section 363 
     of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 
     114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
       (2) Additional amount.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $10,000,000 shall be available for use by the Secretary of 
     Defense to make payments to local educational agencies 
     determined by the Secretary to have higher concentrations of 
     military children with severe disabilities.
       (3) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Secretary 
     shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
     and the House of Representatives on the Department's 
     evaluation of each local educational agency with higher 
     concentrations of military children with severe disabilities 
     and subsequent determination of the amounts of impact aid 
     each such agency shall receive.

     SEC. 589B. STAFFING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION 
                   ACTIVITY SCHOOLS TO MAINTAIN MAXIMUM STUDENT-
                   TO-TEACHER RATIOS.

       (a) In General.--The Department of Defense Education 
     Activity shall staff elementary and secondary schools 
     operated by the Activity so as to maintain, to the extent 
     practicable, student-to-teacher ratios that do not exceed the 
     maximum student-to-teacher ratios specified in subsection 
     (b).
       (b) Maximum Student-to-teacher Ratios.--The maximum 
     student-to-teacher ratios specified in this subsection are 
     the following:
       (1) For each of grades kindergarten through 3, a ratio of 
     18 students to 1 teacher (18:1).
       (2) For each of grades 4 through 12, a ratio equal to the 
     average student-to-teacher ratio for such grade among all 
     Department of Defense Education Activity schools during the 
     2019-2020 academic year.
       (c) Sunset.--The requirement to staff schools in accordance 
     with subsection (a) shall expire at the end of the 2023-2024 
     academic year of the Department of Defense Education 
     Activity.

     SEC. 589C. PILOT PROGRAM TO EXPAND ELIGIBILITY FOR ENROLLMENT 
                   AT DOMESTIC DEPENDENT ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY 
                   SCHOOLS.

       (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--Beginning not later than 180 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program under 
     which a dependent of a full-time, active-duty member of the 
     Armed Forces may enroll in a covered DODEA school at the 
     military installation to which the member is assigned, on a 
     space-available basis as described in subsection (c), without 
     regard to whether the member resides on the installation as 
     described in 2164(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code.
       (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the pilot program under this 
     section are--
       (1) to evaluate the feasibility and advisability of 
     expanding enrollment in covered DODEA schools; and
       (2) to determine how increased access to such schools will 
     affect military and family readiness.
       (c) Enrollment on Space-Available Basis.--A student 
     participating in the pilot program under this section may be 
     enrolled in a covered DODEA school only if the school has the 
     capacity to accept the student, as determined by the Director 
     of the Department of Defense Education Activity.
       (d) Locations.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
     the pilot program under this section at not more than four 
     military installations at which covered DODEA schools are 
     located. The Secretary shall select military installations 
     for participation in the program based on--
       (1) the readiness needs of the Secretary of a the military 
     department concerned; and
       (2) the capacity of the DODEA schools located at the 
     installation to accept additional students, as determined by 
     the Director of the Department of Defense Education Activity.
       (e) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot 
     program under this section shall terminate four years after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (f) Covered DODEA School Defined.--In this Section, the 
     term ``covered DODEA school'' means a domestic dependent 
     elementary or secondary school operated by the Department of 
     Defense Education Activity that--
       (1) has been established on or before the date of the 
     enactment of this Act; and
       (2) is located in the continental United States.

     SEC. 589D. PILOT PROGRAM ON EXPANDED ELIGIBILITY FOR 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION ACTIVITY 
                   VIRTUAL HIGH SCHOOL PROGRAM.

       (a) Pilot Program Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
     pilot program on permitting dependents of members of the 
     Armed Forces on active duty to enroll in the Department of 
     Defense Education Activity Virtual High School program (in 
     this section referred to as the ``DVHS program'').
       (2) Purposes.--The purposes of the pilot program shall be 
     as follows:
       (A) To evaluate the feasibility and scalability of the DVHS 
     program.
       (B) To assess the impact of expanded enrollment in the DVHS 
     program under the pilot program on military and family 
     readiness.
       (3) Duration.--The duration of the pilot program shall be 
     four academic years.
       (b) Participants.--
       (1) In general.--Participants in the pilot program shall be 
     selected by the Secretary from among dependents of members of 
     the Armed Forces on active duty who--
       (A) are in a grade 9 through 12;
       (B) are currently ineligible to enroll in the DVHS program; 
     and
       (C) either--
       (i) require supplementary courses to meet graduation 
     requirements in the current State of residence; or
       (ii) otherwise demonstrate to the Secretary a clear need to 
     participate in the DVHS program.
       (2) Preference in selection.--In selecting participants in 
     the pilot program, the Secretary shall afford a preference to 
     the following:
       (A) Dependents who reside in a rural area.
       (B) Dependents who are home-schooled students.
       (3) Limitations.--The total number of course enrollments 
     per academic year authorized under the pilot program may not 
     exceed 400 course enrollments. No single dependent 
     participating in the pilot program may take more than two 
     courses per academic year under the pilot program.
       (c) Reports.--
       (1) Interim report.--Not later than two years after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives an interim report on the pilot 
     program.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     completion of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the committees of Congress referred to in paragraph (1) a 
     final report on the pilot programs.
       (3) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of the demographics of the dependents 
     participating in the pilot program through the date of such 
     report.
       (B) Data on, and an assessment of, student performance in 
     virtual coursework by dependents participating in the pilot 
     program over the duration of the pilot program.
       (C) Such recommendation as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate on whether to make the pilot program permanent.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``rural area'' has the meaning given the term 
     in section 520 of the Housing Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1490).
       (2) The term ``home-schooled student'' means a student in a 
     grade equivalent to grade 9 through 12 who receives 
     educational instruction at home or by other non-traditional 
     means outside of a public or private school system, either 
     all or most of the time.

     SEC. 589E. TRAINING PROGRAM REGARDING FOREIGN MALIGN 
                   INFLUENCE CAMPAIGNS.

       (a) Establishment.--Not later than September 30, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall establish a program for training 
     members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the 
     Department of Defense regarding the threat of foreign malign 
     influence campaigns targeted at such individuals and the 
     families of such individuals, including such campaigns 
     carried out through social media.
       (b) Designation of Official to Coordinate and Integrate.--
     Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this 
     Act, the Secretary shall designate an official of the 
     Department who shall be responsible for coordinating and 
     integrating the training program under this section.
       (c) Best Practices.--In coordinating and integrating the 
     training program under this section, the official designated 
     under subsection (b)

[[Page H6224]]

     shall review best practices of existing training programs 
     across the Department.
       (d) Report Required.--Not later than October 30, 2021, the 
     Secretary shall submit a report to the congressional defense 
     committees detailing the program established under this 
     section.
       (e) Foreign Malign Influence Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``foreign malign influence'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 119C of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
     U.S.C. 3059).

     SEC. 589F. STUDY ON CYBEREXPLOITATION AND ONLINE DECEPTION OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR FAMILIES.

       (a) Study.--Not later than 150 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     complete a study on--
       (1) the cyberexploitation of the personal information and 
     accounts of members of the Armed Forces and their families; 
     and
       (2) the risks of deceptive online targeting of members and 
     their families.
       (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include 
     the following:
       (1) An assessment of predatory loans, other financial 
     products, or educational products being targeted to members 
     of the Armed Forces and their families.
       (2) An assessment of unproven or unnecessary medical 
     treatments or procedures being targeted to members and their 
     families.
       (3) An assessment of ethnic or racial violent extremism 
     messages targeting members and their families.
       (4) An assessment of the ways in which social media 
     algorithms may amplify the targeting described in paragraphs 
     (1) through (3).
       (5) An intelligence assessment of the threat currently 
     posed by foreign government and non-state actors carrying out 
     the cyberexploitation of members and their families, 
     including generalized assessments as to--
       (A) whether such cyberexploitation is a substantial threat 
     as compared to other means of information warfare; and
       (B) whether such cyberexploitation is an increasing threat.
       (6) A case-study analysis of three known occurrences of 
     attempted cyberexploitation against members and their 
     families, including assessments of the vulnerability and the 
     ultimate consequences of the attempted cyberexploitation.
       (7) A description of the actions taken by the Department of 
     Defense to educate members and their families, including 
     particularly vulnerable subpopulations, about any actions 
     that can be taken to reduce cyberexploitation threats.
       (8) An intelligence assessment of the threat posed by 
     foreign government and non-state actors creating or using 
     machine-manipulated media (commonly referred to as ``deep 
     fakes'') featuring members and their families, including 
     generalized assessments of--
       (A) the maturity of the technology used in the creation of 
     such media; and
       (B) how such media has been used or might be used to 
     conduct information warfare.
       (9) Recommendations for policy changes to reduce the 
     vulnerability of members of the Armed Forces and their 
     families to cyberexploitation and deception, including 
     recommendations for legislative or administrative action.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) Requirement.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
     and the Senate a report on the findings of the Secretary with 
     respect to the study under subsection (a).
       (2) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``cyberexploitation'' means the use of digital 
     means and online platforms--
       (A) to knowingly access, or conspire to access, without 
     authorization, an individual's personal information to be 
     employed (or to be used) with malicious intent; or
       (B) to deceive an individual with misinformation with 
     malicious intent.
       (2) The term ``machine-manipulated media'' means video, 
     image, or audio recordings generated or substantially 
     modified using machine learning techniques in order to, with 
     malicious intent, falsely depict the speech or conduct of an 
     individual without that individual's permission.

     SEC. 589G. MATTERS RELATING TO EDUCATION FOR MILITARY 
                   DEPENDENT STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS.

       (a) Information on Special Education Disputes.--
       (1) In general.--Each Secretary of a military department 
     shall collect and maintain information on special education 
     disputes filed by members of the Armed Forces under the 
     jurisdiction of such Secretary.
       (2) Information.--The information collected and maintained 
     under this subsection shall include the following:
       (A) The number of special education disputes filed.
       (B) The outcome or disposition of the disputes.
       (3) Source of information.--The information collected and 
     maintained pursuant to this subsection shall be derived from 
     the following:
       (A) Records and reports of case managers and navigators 
     under the Exceptional Family Member Program of the Department 
     of Defense.
       (B) Reports submitted by members of the Armed Forces to 
     officials at military installations or other relevant 
     military officials.
       (C) Such other sources as the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned considers appropriate.
       (4) Annual reports.--On an annual basis, each Secretary of 
     a military department shall submit to the Office of Special 
     Needs of the Department of Defense a report on the 
     information collected by such Secretary under this subsection 
     during the preceding year.
       (b) GAO Study and Report.--
       (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall conduct a study on the following:
       (A) The manner in which local educational agencies with 
     schools that serve military dependent students use the 
     following:
       (i) Funds made available for impact aid for children with 
     severe disabilities under section 363 of the Floyd D. Spence 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 
     (Public Law 106-398; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
       (ii) Funds made available for assistance to schools with a 
     significant number of military dependent students under 
     subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 
     20 U.S.C. 7703b).
       (C) The efficacy of attorneys and other legal support for 
     military families in special education disputes.
       (E) Whether, and to what extent, policies and guidance for 
     School Liaison Officers are standardized between the Office 
     of Special Needs of the Department of Defense and the 
     military departments, and the efficacy of such policies and 
     guidance.
       (F) The improvements made to family support programs of the 
     Office of Special Needs, and of each military department, in 
     light of the recommendations of the Comptroller General in 
     the report titled ``DOD Should Improve Its Oversight of the 
     Exceptional Family Member Program'' (GAO-18-348).
       (2) Recommendations.--As part of the study under paragraph 
     (1), the Comptroller General shall develop recommendations on 
     the following:
       (A) Improvements to the ability of the Department of 
     Defense to monitor and enforce the compliance of local 
     educational agencies with requirements for the provision of a 
     free appropriate public education to military dependent 
     students with special needs.
       (B) Improvements to the policies of the Office of Special 
     Needs, and of each military department, with respect to the 
     standardization and efficacy of policies and programs for 
     military dependent students with special needs.
       (3) Briefing and report.--Not later than March 31, 2021, 
     the Comptroller General of the United States shall provide to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
     of Representatives a briefing and a report the results of the 
     study conducted under paragraph (1).
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``free appropriate public education'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 602 of the Individuals 
     with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1401).
       (2) The term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 8101 of the Elementary and 
     Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
       (3) The term ``special education dispute'' means a 
     complaint filed regarding the education provided to a child 
     with a disability (as defined in section 602 of the 
     Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 
     1401)), including a complaint filed in accordance with 
     section 615 or 639 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1415, 1439).

     SEC. 589H. STUDIES AND REPORTS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION ACTIVITY.

       (a) DOD Study and Report.--
       (1) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
     on the performance of the Department of Defense Education 
     Activity.
       (2) Elements.--The study under paragraph (1) shall 
     include--
       (A) a review of the curriculum relating to health, 
     resiliency, and nutrition taught in schools operated by the 
     Department of Defense Education Activity; and
       (B) a comparison of such curriculum to benchmarks 
     established for the curriculum by the Department of Defense 
     Education Activity.
       (3) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report that includes the results 
     of the study conducted under paragraph (1).
       (b) GAO Studies and Reports.--
       (1) Studies.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall conduct two studies on the performance of the 
     Department of Defense Education Activity as follows:
       (A) One study shall analyze the educational outcomes of 
     students in schools operated by the Department of Defense 
     Education Activity compared to the educational outcomes of 
     students in public elementary schools and public secondary 
     schools (as those terms are defined in section 8101 of the 
     Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     7801 et seq.)) outside the Department of Defense.
       (B) One study shall assess the effectiveness of the School 
     Liaison Officer program of the Department of Defense 
     Education Activity in achieving the goals of the program with 
     an emphasis on goals relating to special education and family 
     outreach.
       (2) Reports.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives--
       (A) a report that includes the results of the study 
     conducted under subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1); and
       (B) a report that includes the results of the study 
     conducted under subparagraph (B) of such paragraph.

                 Subtitle J--Other Matters and Reports

     SEC. 591. EXPANSION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STARBASE 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Section 2193b of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``science, 
     mathematics, and technology'' and

[[Page H6225]]

     inserting ``science, technology, engineering, art and design, 
     and mathematics'';
       (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``science, mathematics, 
     and technology'' and inserting ``science, technology, 
     engineering, art and design, and mathematics''; and
       (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``mathematics, science, 
     and technology'' and inserting ``science, technology, 
     engineering, art and design, and mathematics''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 111 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 2193b and 
     inserting the following new item:
``2193b. Improvement of education in technical fields: program for 
              support of elementary and secondary education in science, 
              technology, engineering, art and design, and 
              mathematics.''.

     SEC. 592. INCLUSION OF CERTAIN OUTLYING AREAS IN THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STARBASE PROGRAM.

       Section 2193b(h) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting ``the Commonwealth of the Northern 
     Mariana Islands, American Samoa,'' before ``and Guam''.

     SEC. 593. POSTPONEMENT OF CONDITIONAL DESIGNATION OF 
                   EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL CORPS AS A BASIC 
                   BRANCH OF THE ARMY.

       Section 582(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 763 note) 
     is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``October 1, 2020'' and 
     inserting ``October 1, 2025''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``September 30, 2025'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, the explosive 
     ordnance disposal commandant (chief of explosive ordnance 
     disposal),'' before ``qualified''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(G) The explosive ordnance disposal commandant (chief of 
     explosive ordnance disposal) has determined whether explosive 
     ordnance disposal soldiers have the appropriate skills 
     necessary to support missions of special operations forces 
     (as identified in section 167(j) of title 10, United States 
     Code). Such skills may include airborne, air assault, combat 
     diver, fast roping insertion and extraction, helocasting, 
     military free-fall, and off-road driving.''.

     SEC. 594. ARMED SERVICES VOCATIONAL APTITUDE BATTERY TEST 
                   SPECIAL PURPOSE ADJUNCT TO ADDRESS 
                   COMPUTATIONAL THINKING.

       Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a special 
     purpose test adjunct to the Armed Services Vocational 
     Aptitude Battery test to address computational thinking 
     skills relevant to military applications, including problem 
     decomposition, abstraction, pattern recognition, analytical 
     ability, the identification of variables involved in data 
     representation, and the ability to create algorithms and 
     solution expressions.

     SEC. 595. EXTENSION OF REPORTING DEADLINE FOR THE ANNUAL 
                   REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS 
                   OF ACTIVITIES OF THE FEDERAL VOTING ASSISTANCE 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Elimination of Reports for Non-election Years.--Section 
     105A(b) of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee 
     Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 20308(b)) is amended, in the matter 
     preceding paragraph (1)--
       (1) by striking ``March 31 of each year'' and inserting 
     ``September 30 of each odd-numbered year''; and
       (2) by striking ``the following information'' and inserting 
     ``the following information with respect to the Federal 
     elections held during the preceding calendar year''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Subsection (b) of section 105A 
     of such Act (52 U.S.C. 20308(b)) is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Annual 
     Report'' and inserting ``Biennial Report''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``In the case of'' and 
     all that follows through ``a description'' and inserting ``A 
     description''.

     SEC. 596. PLAN ON PERFORMANCE OF FUNERAL HONORS DETAILS BY 
                   MEMBERS OF OTHER ARMED FORCES WHEN MEMBERS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCE OF THE DECEASED ARE 
                   UNAVAILABLE.

       (a) Briefing on Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives setting forth a plan 
     for the performance of a funeral honors detail at the funeral 
     of a deceased member of the Armed Forces by one or more 
     members of the Armed Forces from an Armed Force other than 
     that of the deceased when--
       (A) members of the Armed Force of the deceased are 
     unavailable for the performance of the detail;
       (B) the performance of the detail by members of other Armed 
     Forces is requested by the family of the deceased; and
       (C) the chief of the Armed Force of the deceased verifies 
     the eligibility of the deceased for such funeral honors.
       (2) Repeal of requirement for one member of armed force of 
     deceased in detail.--Section 1491(b)(2) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended in the first sentence by striking ``, 
     at least one of whom shall be a member of the armed force of 
     which the veteran was a member''.
       (3) Performance.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall 
     authorize the performance of funeral honors details by 
     members of the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard 
     under section 115 of title 32, United States Code, and may 
     authorize the remainder of such details to consist of members 
     of veterans organizations or other organizations approved for 
     purposes of section 1491 of title 10, United States Code, as 
     provided for by subsection (b)(2) of such section 1491.
       (b) Elements.--The briefing under subsection (a) shall 
     include a detailed description of the authorities and 
     requirements for the implementation of the plan, including 
     administrative, logistical, coordination, and funding 
     authorities and requirements.

     SEC. 597. STUDY ON FINANCIAL IMPACTS OF THE CORONAVIRUS 
                   DISEASE 2019 ON MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
                   BEST PRACTICES TO PREVENT FUTURE FINANCIAL 
                   HARDSHIPS.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
     on the financial hardships experienced by members of the 
     Armed Forces (including the reserve components) as a result 
     of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
       (b) Elements.--The study shall--
       (1) examine the financial hardships members of the Armed 
     Forces experience as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, 
     including the effects of stop movement orders, loss of 
     spousal income, loss of hazardous duty incentive pay, school 
     closures, loss of childcare, loss of educational benefits, 
     loss of drill and exercise pay, cancelled deployments, and 
     any additional financial stressors identified by the 
     Secretary;
       (2) identify best practices to provide assistance for 
     members of the Armed Forces experiencing the financial 
     hardships listed in paragraph (1); and
       (3) identify actions that can be taken by the Secretary to 
     prevent financial hardships listed in paragraph (1) from 
     occurring in the future.
       (c) Consultation and Coordination.--For the purposes of the 
     study, the Secretary may--
       (1) consult with the Director of the Consumer Financial 
     Protection Bureau; and
       (2) with respect to members of the Coast Guard, coordinate 
     with the Secretary of Homeland Security.
       (d) Submission.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the study under subsection (a).
       (e) Financial Hardship Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``financial hardship'' means a loss of income or an 
     unforeseen expense as a result of closures and changes in 
     operations in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

     SEC. 598. LIMITATION ON IMPLEMENTATION OF ARMY COMBAT FITNESS 
                   TEST.

       The Secretary of the Army may not implement the Army Combat 
     Fitness Test until the Secretary receives results of a study, 
     conducted for purposes of this section by an entity 
     independent of the Department of Defense, on the following:
       (1) The extent, if any, to which the test would adversely 
     impact members of the Army stationed or deployed to climates 
     or areas with conditions that make prohibitive the conduct of 
     outdoor physical training on a frequent or sustained basis.
       (2) The extent, if any, to which the test would affect 
     recruitment and retention in critical support military 
     occupational specialties of the Army, such as medical 
     personnel.

     SEC. 599. SEMIANNUAL REPORTS ON IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                   RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF 
                   SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES CULTURE AND ETHICS.

       (a) Semiannual Reports Required.--Not later than March 1, 
     2021, and every 180 days thereafter through March 1, 2024, 
     the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and 
     Low Intensity Conflict shall, in coordination with the 
     Commander of the United States Special Operations Command, 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the current status of the implementation of the actions 
     recommended as a result of the Comprehensive Review of 
     Special Operations Forces Culture and Ethics.
       (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A list of the actions required as of the date of such 
     report to complete full implementation of each of the 16 
     actions recommended by the Comprehensive Review referred to 
     in subsection (a).
       (2) An identification of the office responsible for 
     completing each action listed pursuant to paragraph (1), and 
     an estimated timeline for completion of such action.
       (3) If completion of any action listed pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) requires resources or actions for which 
     authorization by statute is required, a recommendation for 
     legislative action for such authorization.
       (4) Any other matters the Assistant Secretary or the 
     Commander considers appropriate.

     SEC. 599A. REPORT ON IMPACT OF CHILDREN OF CERTAIN FILIPINO 
                   WORLD WAR II VETERANS ON NATIONAL SECURITY, 
                   FOREIGN POLICY, AND ECONOMIC AND HUMANITARIAN 
                   INTERESTS OF THE UNITED STATES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State, shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
     impact of the children of certain Filipino World War II 
     veterans on the national security, foreign policy, and 
     economic and humanitarian interests of the United States.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) The number of Filipino World War II veterans who fought 
     under the United States flag

[[Page H6226]]

     during World War II to protect and defend the United States 
     in the Pacific theater.
       (2) The number of Filipino World War II veterans who died 
     fighting under the United States flag during World War II to 
     protect and defend the United States in the Pacific theater.
       (3) An assessment of the economic and tax contributions 
     that Filipino World War II veterans and their families have 
     made to the United States.
       (4) An assessment of the impact on the United States of 
     exempting from the numerical limitations on immigrant visas 
     the children of the Filipino World War II veterans who were 
     naturalized under--
       (A) section 405 of the Immigration Act of 1990 (Public Law 
     101-649; 8 U.S.C. 1440 note); or
       (B) title III of the Nationality Act of 1940 (54 Stat. 
     1137; chapter 876), as added by section 1001 of the Second 
     War Powers Act, 1942 (56 Stat. 182; chapter 199).

                    TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Increase in basic pay.
Sec. 602. Compensation and credit for retired pay purposes for 
              maternity leave taken by members of the reserve 
              components.
Sec. 603. Provision of information regarding SCRA to members who 
              receive basic allowance for housing.
Sec. 604. Reorganization of certain allowances other than travel and 
              transportation allowances.
Sec. 605. Expansion of travel and transportation allowances to include 
              fares and tolls.
Sec. 606. One-time uniform allowance for officers who transfer to the 
              Space Force.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
              authorities.
Sec. 612. Increase in special and incentive pays for officers in health 
              professions.
Sec. 613. Increase in certain hazardous duty incentive pay for members 
              of the uniformed services.
Sec. 614. Payment of hazardous duty incentive pay for members of the 
              uniformed services.
Sec. 615. Clarification of 30 days of continuous duty on board a ship 
              required for family separation allowance for members of 
              the uniformed services.

   Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Family and Survivor 
                                Benefits

Sec. 621. Modernization and clarification of payment of certain 
              Reserves while on duty.
Sec. 622. Restatement and clarification of authority to reimburse 
              members for spouse relicensing costs pursuant to a 
              permanent change of station.
Sec. 623. Expansion of death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of assistance for Gold Star spouses and other 
              dependents.
Sec. 625. Gold Star Families Parks Pass.
Sec. 626. Recalculation of financial assistance for providers of child 
              care services and youth program services for dependents.
Sec. 627. Priority for certain military family housing to a member of 
              the Armed Forces whose spouse agrees to provide family 
              home day care services.
Sec. 628. Study on feasibility and advisability of TSP contributions by 
              military spouses.
Sec. 629. Report on implications of expansion of authority to provide 
              financial assistance to civilian providers of child care 
              services or youth program services for survivors of 
              members of the Armed Forces who die in the line of duty.
Sec. 629A. Report on extension of commissary and exchange benefits for 
              surviving remarried spouses with dependent children of 
              members of the Armed Forces who die while on active duty 
              or certain reserve duty.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Base responders essential needs and dining access.
Sec. 632. First responder access to mobile exchanges.
Sec. 633. Updated business case analysis for consolidation of the 
              defense resale system.

            Subtitle E--Other Personnel Rights and Benefits

Sec. 641. Approval of certain activities by retired and reserve members 
              of the uniformed services.
Sec. 642. Permanent authority for and enhancement of the Government 
              lodging program.
Sec. 643. Operation of Stars and Stripes.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

     SEC. 601. INCREASE IN BASIC PAY.

       Effective on January 1, 2021, the rates of monthly basic 
     pay for members of the uniformed services are increased by 
     3.0 percent.

     SEC. 602. COMPENSATION AND CREDIT FOR RETIRED PAY PURPOSES 
                   FOR MATERNITY LEAVE TAKEN BY MEMBERS OF THE 
                   RESERVE COMPONENTS.

       (a) Compensation.--Section 206(a) of title 37, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; or''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) for each of six days for each period during which the 
     member is on maternity leave.''.
       (b) Credit for Retired Pay Purposes.--
       (1) In general.--The period of maternity leave taken by a 
     member of the reserve components of the Armed Forces in 
     connection with the birth of a child shall count toward the 
     member's entitlement to retired pay, and in connection with 
     the years of service used in computing retired pay, under 
     chapter 1223 of title 10, United States Code, as 12 points.
       (2) Separate credit for each period of leave.--Separate 
     crediting of points shall accrue to a member pursuant to this 
     subsection for each period of maternity leave taken by the 
     member in connection with a childbirth event.
       (3) When credited.--Points credited a member for a period 
     of maternity leave pursuant to this subsection shall be 
     credited in the year in which the period of maternity leave 
     concerned commences.
       (4) Contribution of leave toward entitlement to retired 
     pay.--Section 12732(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, as 
     amended by section 516 of this Act, is further amended--
       (A) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(G) Points at the rate of 12 per period during which the 
     member is on maternity leave.''; and
       (B) in the matter following subparagraph (G), as inserted 
     by subparagraph (A), by striking ``and (F)'' and inserting 
     ``(F), and (G)''.
       (5) Computation of years of service for retired pay.--
     Section 12733 of such title is amended--
       (A) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
     paragraph (5):
       ``(5) One day for each point credited to the person under 
     subparagraph (F) of section 12732(a)(2) of this title.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made 
     by this section shall take effect on the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, and shall apply with respect to 
     periods of maternity leave that commence on or after that 
     date.

     SEC. 603. PROVISION OF INFORMATION REGARDING SCRA TO MEMBERS 
                   WHO RECEIVE BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING.

       Section 403 of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(p) Information on Rights and Protections Under 
     Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.--The Secretary concerned 
     shall provide to each member of a uniformed service who 
     receives a basic allowance for housing under this section 
     information on the rights and protections available to such 
     member under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
     3901 et seq.)--
       ``(1) when such member first receives such basic allowance 
     for housing; and
       ``(2) each time such member receives a permanent change of 
     station.''.

     SEC. 604. REORGANIZATION OF CERTAIN ALLOWANCES OTHER THAN 
                   TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION ALLOWANCES.

       (a) Per Diem for Duty Outside the Continental United 
     States.--
       (1) Transfer to chapter 7.--Section 475 of title 37, United 
     States Code, is transferred to chapter 7 of such title, 
     inserted after section 403b, and redesignated as section 405.
       (2) Repeal of termination provision.--Section 405 of title 
     37, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is amended 
     by striking subsection (f).
       (b) Allowance for Funeral Honors Duty.--
       (1) Transfer to chapter 7.--Section 495 of title 37, United 
     States Code, is transferred to chapter 7 of such title, 
     inserted after section 433a, and redesignated as section 435.
       (2) Repeal of termination provision.--Section 435 of title 
     37, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is amended 
     by striking subsection (c).
       (c) Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Chapter 7.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
     chapter 7 of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) by inserting after the item relating to section 403b 
     the following new item:
``405. Travel and transportation allowances: per diem while on duty 
              outside the continental United States.''; and
       (B) by inserting after the item relating to section 433a 
     the following new item:
``435. Funeral honors duty: allowance.''.
       (2) Chapter 8.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
     chapter 8 of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking the items relating to sections 475 and 495.

     SEC. 605. EXPANSION OF TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION ALLOWANCES 
                   TO INCLUDE FARES AND TOLLS.

       Section 452(c)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting ``(including fares and tolls, without 
     regard to distance travelled)'' after ``transportation''.

     SEC. 606. ONE-TIME UNIFORM ALLOWANCE FOR OFFICERS WHO 
                   TRANSFER TO THE SPACE FORCE.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Air Force may provide 
     an officer who transfers from the Army, Navy, Air Force, or 
     Marine Corps to the Space Force an allowance of not more than 
     $400 as reimbursement for the purchase of required uniforms 
     and equipment.
       (b) Relationship to Other Allowances.--The allowance under 
     this section is in addition to any allowance available under 
     any other provision of law.
       (c) Source of Funds.--Funds for allowances provided under 
     subsection (a) in a fiscal year may be derived only from 
     amounts authorized to

[[Page H6227]]

     be appropriated for military personnel of the Space Force for 
     such fiscal year.
       (d) Applicability.--The authority for an allowance under 
     this section shall apply with respect to any officer 
     described in subsection (a) who transfers to the Space 
     Force--
       (1) during the period beginning on December 20, 2019, and 
     ending on September 30, 2022; and
       (2) on or after the date the Secretary of the Air Force 
     prescribes the official uniform for the Space Force.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

     SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND 
                   SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.

       (a) Authorities Relating to Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) 
     of title 37, United States Code, relating to income 
     replacement payments for reserve component members 
     experiencing extended and frequent mobilization for active 
     duty service, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2020'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.
       (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care 
     Professionals.--The following sections of title 10, United 
     States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2020'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2021'':
       (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
     candidate accession program.
       (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
     loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
     Selected Reserve.
       (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 
     333(i) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2021''.
       (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special 
     Pay, Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following 
     sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2021'':
       (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
     enlisted members.
       (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
     officers.
       (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
     pay and bonus authorities for officers.
       (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
     pay authorities for officers in health professions.
       (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
     cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps.
       (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
       (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
     duty pay.
       (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
     proficiency bonus.
       (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
     members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
     high priority units.
       (e) Authority To Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of 
     Basic Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 
     37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
     2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.

     SEC. 612. INCREASE IN SPECIAL AND INCENTIVE PAYS FOR OFFICERS 
                   IN HEALTH PROFESSIONS.

       (a) Accession Bonus Generally.--Subparagraph (A) of section 
     335(e)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``$30,000'' and inserting ``$100,000''.
       (b) Accession Bonus for Critically Short Wartime 
     Specialties.--Subparagraph (B) of such section is amended by 
     striking ``$100,000'' and inserting ``$200,000''.
       (c) Retention Bonus.--Subparagraph (C) of such section is 
     amended by striking ``$75,000'' and inserting ``$150,000''.
       (d) Incentive Pay.--Subparagraph (D) of such section is 
     amended--
       (1) in clause (i), by striking ``$100,000'' and inserting 
     ``$200,000''; and
       (2) in clause (ii), by striking ``$15,000'' and inserting 
     ``$50,000''.
       (e) Board Certification Pay.--Subparagraph (E) of such 
     section is amended by striking ``$6,000'' and inserting 
     ``$15,000''.
       (f) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply with respect to special bonus and incentive pays 
     payable under section 335 of title 37, United States Code, 
     pursuant to agreements entered into under that section on or 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 613. INCREASE IN CERTAIN HAZARDOUS DUTY INCENTIVE PAY 
                   FOR MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

       Section 351(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``$250'' both places it appears and inserting 
     ``$275''.

     SEC. 614. PAYMENT OF HAZARDOUS DUTY INCENTIVE PAY FOR MEMBERS 
                   OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

       Section 351 of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)(2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``shall'' and 
     inserting ``may'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) by striking ``paragraph (2) or (3)'' and inserting 
     ``paragraph (2)'';
       (ii) by striking ``the Secretary concerned may prorate'' 
     and all that follows and inserting ``the Secretary 
     concerned--''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(i) may prorate the payment amount to reflect the 
     duration of the member's actual qualifying service during the 
     month; and
       ``(ii) in the case of member who performs hazardous duty 
     specifically designated by the Secretary concerned, shall pay 
     the member hazardous duty pay in an amount not to exceed the 
     maximum amount of hazardous duty pay that would be payable to 
     the member under subsection (b)(2) for the entire month, 
     regardless of the duration of the qualifying service.
       ``(C) In the case of hazardous duty pay payable under 
     paragraph (3) of subsection (a), the Secretary concerned may 
     prorate the payment amount to reflect the duration of the 
     member's actual qualifying service during the month.''; and
       (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``December 31, 2020'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.

     SEC. 615. CLARIFICATION OF 30 DAYS OF CONTINUOUS DUTY ON 
                   BOARD A SHIP REQUIRED FOR FAMILY SEPARATION 
                   ALLOWANCE FOR MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED 
                   SERVICES.

       Section 427(a)(1)(B) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting ``(or under orders to remain on board 
     the ship while at the home port)'' after ``of the ship''.

   Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Family and Survivor 
                                Benefits

     SEC. 621. MODERNIZATION AND CLARIFICATION OF PAYMENT OF 
                   CERTAIN RESERVES WHILE ON DUTY.

       (a) Change in Priority of Payments for Retired or Retainer 
     Pay.--Subsection (a) of section 12316 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``subsection (b)'' and inserting 
     ``subsection (c)''; and
       (B) by striking ``his earlier military service'' and 
     inserting ``the Reserve's earlier military service'';
       (C) by striking ``a pension, retired or retainer pay, or 
     disability compensation'' and inserting ``retired or retainer 
     pay''; and
       (D) by striking ``he is entitled'' and inserting ``the 
     Reserve is entitled''; and
       (2) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
     following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) the pay and allowances authorized by law for the duty 
     that the Reserve is performing; or
       ``(2) if the Reserve specifically waives those payments, 
     the retired or retainer pay to which the Reserve is entitled 
     because of the Reserve's earlier military service.''.
       (b) Payments for Pension or Disability Compensation.--Such 
     section is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsection (b):
       ``(b) Except as provided by subsection (c), a Reserve of 
     the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard who 
     because of the Reserve's earlier military service is entitled 
     to a pension or disability compensation, and who performs 
     duty for which the Reserve is entitled to compensation, may 
     elect to receive for that duty either--
       ``(1) the pension or disability compensation to which the 
     Reserve is entitled because of the Reserve's earlier military 
     service; or
       ``(2) if the Reserve specifically waives those payments, 
     the pay and allowances authorized by law for the duty that 
     the Reserve is performing.''.
       (c) Additional Conforming and Modernizing Amendments.--
     Subsection (c) of such section, as redesignated by subsection 
     (b)(1) of this section, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``(a)(2)'' both places it appears and 
     inserting ``(a)(1) or (b)(2), as applicable,'';
       (2) by striking ``his earlier military service'' the first 
     place it appears and inserting ``a Reserve's earlier military 
     service'';
       (3) by striking ``his earlier military service'' each other 
     place it appears and inserting ``the Reserve's earlier 
     military service'';
       (4) by striking ``he is entitled'' and inserting ``the 
     Reserve is entitled''; and
       (5) by striking ``the member or his dependents'' and 
     inserting ``the Reserve or the Reserve's dependents''.
       (d) Procedures.--Such section is further amended by adding 
     at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations 
     under which a Reserve of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine 
     Corps, or Coast Guard may waive the pay and allowances 
     authorized by law for the duty the Reserve is performing 
     under subsection (a)(2) or (b)(2).''.
       (e) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

     SEC. 622. RESTATEMENT AND CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO 
                   REIMBURSE MEMBERS FOR SPOUSE RELICENSING COSTS 
                   PURSUANT TO A PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION.

       (a) In General.--Section 453 of title 37, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(g) Reimbursement of Qualifying Spouse Relicensing Costs 
     Incident to a Member's Permanent Change of Station or 
     Assignment.--(1) From amounts otherwise made available for a 
     fiscal year to provide travel and transportation allowances 
     under this chapter, the Secretary concerned may reimburse a 
     member of the uniformed services for qualified relicensing 
     costs of the spouse of the member when--
       ``(A) the member is reassigned, either as a permanent 
     change of station or permanent change of assignment, between 
     duty stations located in separate jurisdictions with unique 
     licensing or certification requirements and authorities; and
       ``(B) the movement of the member's dependents is authorized 
     at the expense of the United States under this section as 
     part of the reassignment.
       ``(2) Reimbursement provided to a member under this 
     subsection may not exceed $1000 in connection with each 
     reassignment described in paragraph (1).
       ``(3) No reimbursement may be provided under this 
     subsection for qualified relicensing costs paid or incurred 
     after December 31, 2024.
       ``(4) In this subsection, the term `qualified relicensing 
     costs' means costs, including exam,

[[Page H6228]]

     continuing education courses, and registration fees, incurred 
     by the spouse of a member if--
       ``(A) the spouse was licensed or certified in a profession 
     during the member's previous duty assignment and requires a 
     new license or certification to engage in that profession in 
     a new jurisdiction because of movement described in paragraph 
     (1)(B) in connection with the member's change in duty 
     location pursuant to reassignment described in paragraph 
     (1)(A); and
       ``(B) the costs were incurred or paid to secure or maintain 
     the license or certification from the new jurisdiction in 
     connection with such reassignment.''.
       (b) Repeal of Superseded Authority.--Section 476 of such 
     title is amended by striking subsection (p).

     SEC. 623. EXPANSION OF DEATH GRATUITY FOR ROTC GRADUATES.

       Section 623(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by 
     striking ``the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
     inserting ``May 1, 2017''.

     SEC. 624. EXPANSION OF ASSISTANCE FOR GOLD STAR SPOUSES AND 
                   OTHER DEPENDENTS.

       Section 633(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 1475 note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
     subparagraphs (A) through (D), respectively;
       (2) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Each Secretary'';
       (3) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``a 
     casualty assistance officer who is'' after ``jurisdiction of 
     such Secretary'';
       (4) by striking ``spouses and other dependents of members'' 
     and all that follows through ``services:'' and inserting an 
     em dash; and
       (5) by inserting before subparagraph (A), as redesignated, 
     the following:
       ``(A) a spouse and any other dependent of a member of such 
     Armed Force (including the reserve components thereof) who 
     dies on active duty; and
       ``(B) a dependent described in subparagraph (A) if the 
     spouse of the deceased member dies and the dependent (or the 
     guardian of such dependent) requests such assistance.
       ``(2) Casualty assistance officers described in paragraph 
     (1) shall provide to spouses and dependents described in that 
     paragraph the following services:''.

     SEC. 625. GOLD STAR FAMILIES PARKS PASS.

       (a) In General.--Section 805(b) of the Federal Lands 
     Recreation Enhancement Act (16 U.S.C. 6804(b)) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Gold star families parks pass.--The Secretary shall 
     make the National Parks and Federal Recreational Lands Pass 
     available, at no cost, to members of Gold Star Families who 
     meet the eligibility requirements of section 3.2 of 
     Department of Defense Instruction 1348.36 (or a successor 
     instruction).''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Section 805 of 
     the Federal Lands Recreation Enhancement Act (16 U.S.C. 6804) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(7), in the first sentence, by 
     striking ``age and disability''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)(A), in the second sentence, in the 
     matter preceding clause (i), by striking ``this subsection'' 
     and inserting ``this paragraph''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), in the second sentence, by striking 
     ``this subsection'' and inserting ``this paragraph''.

     SEC. 626. RECALCULATION OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR PROVIDERS 
                   OF CHILD CARE SERVICES AND YOUTH PROGRAM 
                   SERVICES FOR DEPENDENTS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than July 1, 2021, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall develop a method by which to determine and 
     implement appropriate amounts of financial assistance under 
     section 1798 of title 10, United States Code. In such 
     development, the Secretary shall take into consideration the 
     following:
       (1) Grades of members of the Armed Forces.
       (2) The cost of living in an applicable locale.
       (3) Whether a military installation has a military child 
     development center, including any wait list length.
       (4) Whether a military child development center has vacant 
     child care employee positions.
       (5) The capacity of licensed civilian child care providers 
     in an applicable locale.
       (6) The average cost of licensed civilian child care 
     services available in an applicable locale.
       (7) The sufficiency of the stipend furnished by the 
     Secretary to members of the Armed Forces for civilian child 
     care.
       (b) Report.--Not later than August 1, 2021, the Secretary 
     shall submit a report the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives on the method 
     developed under this section.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``child care 
     employee'' and ``military child development center'' have the 
     meanings given those terms in section 1800 of title 10, 
     United States Code.

     SEC. 627. PRIORITY FOR CERTAIN MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING TO A 
                   MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES WHOSE SPOUSE AGREES 
                   TO PROVIDE FAMILY HOME DAY CARE SERVICES.

       (a) Priority.--If the Secretary of a military department 
     determines that not enough child care employees are employed 
     at a military child development center on a military 
     installation under the jurisdiction of that Secretary to 
     adequately care for the children of members of the Armed 
     Forces stationed at that military installation, the 
     Secretary, to the extent practicable, may give priority for 
     covered military family housing to a member whose spouse is 
     an eligible military spouse.
       (b) Number of Priority Positions.--A Secretary of a 
     military department may grant priority under subsection (a) 
     only to the minimum number of eligible military spouses that 
     the Secretary determines necessary to provide adequate child 
     care to the children of members stationed at a military 
     installation described in subsection (a).
       (c) Limitation.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
     to require the Secretary of a military department to provide 
     covered military family housing that has been adapted for 
     disabled individuals to a member under this section instead 
     of to a member with one more dependents enrolled in the 
     Exceptional Family Member Program.
       (d) Result of Failure To Provide Family Home Day Care 
     Services or Loss of Eligibility.--The Secretary of the 
     military department concerned may remove a household provided 
     covered military family housing under this section therefrom 
     if the Secretary determines the spouse of that member has 
     failed to abide by an agreement described in subsection 
     (e)(3) or has ceased to be an eligible military spouse. Such 
     removal may not occur sooner than 60 days after the date of 
     such determination.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The terms ``child care employee'', ``family home day 
     care'', and ``military child development center'' have the 
     meanings given those terms in section 1800 of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (2) The term ``covered military family housing'' means 
     military family housing--
       (A) located on a military installation described in 
     subsection (a); and
       (B) that the Secretary of the military department concerned 
     determines is large enough to provide family home day care 
     services to no fewer than six children (not including 
     children in the household of the eligible military spouse).
       (3) The term ``eligible military spouse'' means a military 
     spouse who--
       (A) is eligible for military family housing;
       (B) is eligible to provide family home day care services;
       (C) has provided family home day care services for at least 
     one year; and
       (D) agrees in writing to provide family home day care 
     services in covered military family housing for a period not 
     shorter than one year.

     SEC. 628. STUDY ON FEASIBILITY AND ADVISABILITY OF TSP 
                   CONTRIBUTIONS BY MILITARY SPOUSES.

       (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
     a study on the feasibility and advisability of potential 
     enhancements to the military Thrift Savings Plan administered 
     by the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board.
       (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include 
     the following:
       (1) An evaluation of the effect of allowing military 
     spouses to contribute or make eligible retirement account 
     transfers to the military Thrift Savings Plan account of the 
     member of the Armed Forces to whom that military spouse in 
     married.
       (2) Legislation the Secretary determines necessary to 
     permit contributions and transfers described in paragraph 
     (1).
       (c) Reporting.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on 
     Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs of the Senate, the 
     Committee on Oversight and Reform of the House of 
     Representatives, and the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment 
     Board, a report on the results of the study under subsection 
     (a).
       (2) Analysis.--Not later than 60 days after receiving the 
     report under paragraph (1), the Federal Thrift Savings 
     Retirement Board shall analyze the report under paragraph 
     (1), generate recommendations and comments it determines 
     appropriate, and submit such analysis, recommendations, and 
     comments to the Secretary.
       (3) Final report.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and House of Representatives--
       (A) the report under paragraph (1);
       (B) the analysis, recommendations, and comments under 
     paragraph (2); and
       (C) the recommendations of the Secretary regarding elements 
     described in subsection (b).

     SEC. 629. REPORT ON IMPLICATIONS OF EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO 
                   PROVIDE FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO CIVILIAN 
                   PROVIDERS OF CHILD CARE SERVICES OR YOUTH 
                   PROGRAM SERVICES FOR SURVIVORS OF MEMBERS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES WHO DIE IN THE LINE OF DUTY.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of 
     the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
     on the implications of expansion of the authority under 
     section 1798 of title 10, United States Code, to provide 
     financial assistance to civilian providers of child care 
     services or youth program services for survivors of members 
     of the Armed Forces who die in the line of duty, without 
     regard to whether such deaths occurred in combat-related 
     incidents.
       (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) An analysis of data during the five years preceding the 
     date of the report that regarding the number of--
       (A) members of the Armed Forces who died in the line of 
     duty; and
       (B) dependents of such members who would be eligible for 
     services described in subsection (a).
       (2) The estimated cost of the expansion described in 
     subsection (a).
       (3) An assessment of how such expansion would affect the 
     availability of such services for children of members of the 
     Armed Forces on active duty, particularly in areas where 
     demand for such services by such members is greatest.

[[Page H6229]]

       (4) An assessment of existing programs of the Department of 
     Defense that provide financial assistance described in 
     subsection (a).
       (5) Recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action to expand the provision of services described in 
     subsection (a).

     SEC. 629A. REPORT ON EXTENSION OF COMMISSARY AND EXCHANGE 
                   BENEFITS FOR SURVIVING REMARRIED SPOUSES WITH 
                   DEPENDENT CHILDREN OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES WHO DIE WHILE ON ACTIVE DUTY OR CERTAIN 
                   RESERVE DUTY.

       (a) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report on procedures of the 
     Department of Defense by which an eligible remarried spouse 
     may obtain access, as appropriate, to a military installation 
     in order to use a commissary store or MWR retail facility.
       (b) Elements.-- The report under this section shall include 
     the following:
       (1) Procedures by which an eligible remarried spouse may 
     obtain a personal agent designation.
       (2) Administrative requirements for an eligible remarried 
     spouse to obtain access described in subsection (a).
       (3) An assessment of the consistency of procedures 
     described in subsection (a) across--
       (A) the Armed Forces; and
       (B) installations of the Department of Defense.
       (4) Security considerations arising from granting access 
     described in subsection (a).
       (5) Other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
     appropriate.
       (c) Deadline.--The Secretary shall submit the report under 
     this section not later than March 1, 2021.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``eligible remarried spouse'' means an 
     individual who is a surviving former spouse of a covered 
     member of the Armed Forces, who has remarried after the death 
     of the covered member of the Armed Forces and has 
     guardianship of dependent children of the deceased member;
       (2) The term ``covered member of the Armed Forces'' means a 
     member of the Armed Forces who dies while serving--
       (A) on active duty; or
       (B) on such reserve duty as the Secretary of Defense and 
     the Secretary of Homeland Security may jointly specify for 
     purposes of this section.
       (3) The term ``MWR retail facility'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 1063 of title 10, United States Code.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

     SEC. 631. BASE RESPONDERS ESSENTIAL NEEDS AND DINING ACCESS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 54 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 1066. Use of commissary stores and MWR facilities: 
       protective services civilian employees

       ``(a) Eligibility of Protective Services Civilian 
     Employees.--An individual employed as a protective services 
     civilian employee at a military installation may be permitted 
     to purchase food and hygiene items at a commissary store or 
     MWR retail facility located on that military installation.
       ``(b) User Fee Authority.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
     shall prescribe regulations that impose a user fee on 
     individuals who are eligible solely under this section to 
     purchase merchandise at a commissary store or MWR retail 
     facility.
       ``(2) The Secretary shall set the user fee under this 
     subsection at a rate that the Secretary determines will 
     offset any increase in expenses arising from this section 
     borne by the Department of the Treasury on behalf of 
     commissary stores associated with the use of credit or debit 
     cards for customer purchases, including expenses related to 
     card network use and related transaction processing fees.
       ``(3) The Secretary shall deposit funds collected pursuant 
     to a user fee under this subsection in the General Fund of 
     the Treasury.
       ``(4) Any fee under this subsection is in addition to the 
     uniform surcharge under section 2484(d) of this title.
       ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `MWR retail facility' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 1063 of this title.
       ``(2) The term `protective services civilian employee' 
     means a position in any of the following series (or successor 
     classifications) of the General Schedule:
       ``(A) Security Administration (GS-0080).
       ``(B) Fire Protection and Prevention (GS-0081).
       ``(C) Police (GS-0083).
       ``(D) Security Guard (GS-0085).
       ``(E) Emergency Management (GS-0089).''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 54 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``1066. Use of commissary stores and MWR facilities: protective 
              services civilian employees.''.

     SEC. 632. FIRST RESPONDER ACCESS TO MOBILE EXCHANGES.

       Section 1146 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Emergency Response Providers During a Declared Major 
     Disaster or Emergency.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     prescribe regulations to allow an emergency response provider 
     (as that term is defined in section 2 of the Homeland 
     Security Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-296; 6 U.S.C. 101)) to 
     use a mobile commissary or exchange store deployed to an area 
     covered by a declaration of a major disaster or emergency 
     under section 401 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief 
     and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170).''.

     SEC. 633. UPDATED BUSINESS CASE ANALYSIS FOR CONSOLIDATION OF 
                   THE DEFENSE RESALE SYSTEM.

       (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Chief 
     Management Officer of the Department of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Undersecretary of Defense for Personnel 
     and Readiness, shall update the study titled ``Study to 
     Determine the Feasibility of Consolidation of the Defense 
     Resale Entities'' and dated December 4, 2018, to include a 
     new business case analysis that--
       (1) establishes new baselines for--
       (A) savings from the costs of goods sold;
       (B) costs of new information technology required for such 
     consolidation; and
       (C) costs of headquarters relocation arising from such 
     consolidation; and
       (2) addresses each recommendation for executive action in 
     the Government Accountability Office report GAO-20-418SU.
       (b) Review and Comment.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall make the updated business case 
     analysis (in this section referred to as the ``updated BCA'') 
     available to the Secretaries of the military departments for 
     comment.
       (c) Submittal to Congressional Committees.--Not later than 
     June 1, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall make any 
     comments made under subsection (b) and the updated BCA 
     available to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
     and the House of Representatives.
       (d) Delay of Consolidation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     not take any action to consolidate military exchanges and 
     commissaries until the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives notify the Secretary 
     in writing of receipt and acceptance of the updated BCA.

            Subtitle E--Other Personnel Rights and Benefits

     SEC. 641. APPROVAL OF CERTAIN ACTIVITIES BY RETIRED AND 
                   RESERVE MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

       (a) Clarification of Activities for Which Approval 
     Required.--Section 908 of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``subsection (b)'' and inserting 
     ``subsections (b) and (c)''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``, accepting payment for speeches, 
     travel, meals, lodging, or registration fees, or accepting a 
     non-cash award,'' after ``that employment)''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``armed forces'' and 
     inserting ``armed forces, except members serving on active 
     duty under a call or order to active duty for a period in 
     excess of 30 days'';
       (2) in the heading of subsection (b), by inserting ``for 
     Employment and Compensation'' after ``Approval Required'';
       (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (d) and (e), respectively; and
       (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Approval Required for Certain Payments and Awards.--A 
     person described in subsection (a) may accept payment for 
     speeches, travel, meals, lodging, or registration fees 
     described in that subsection, or accept a non-cash award 
     described in that subsection, only if the Secretary concerned 
     approves the payment or award.''.
       (b) Annual Reports on Approvals.--Subsection (d) of such 
     section, as redesignated by subsection (a)(3) of this 
     section, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Not later than'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), as designated by paragraph (1) of 
     this subsection, by inserting ``, and each approval under 
     subsection (c) for a payment or award described in subsection 
     (a),'' after ``in subsection (a)''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The report under paragraph (1) on an approval 
     described in that paragraph with respect to an officer shall 
     set forth the following:
       ``(A) The foreign government providing the employment or 
     compensation or payment or award.
       ``(B) The duties, if any, to be performed in connection 
     with the employment or compensation or payment or award.
       ``(C) The total amount of compensation, if any, or payment 
     to be provided.''.
       (c) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 908. Reserves and retired members: acceptance of 
       employment, payments, and awards from foreign 
       governments''.

       (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 17 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 908 and inserting the following 
     new item:
``908. Reserves and retired members: acceptance of employment, 
              payments, and awards from foreign governments.''.

     SEC. 642. PERMANENT AUTHORITY FOR AND ENHANCEMENT OF THE 
                   GOVERNMENT LODGING PROGRAM.

       (a) Permanent Authority.--Section 914 of the Carl Levin and 
     Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015 (5 U.S.C. 5911 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``, for the period of 
     time described in subsection (b),''; and
       (2) by striking subsection (b).
       (b) Temporary Exclusion of Certain Shipyard Employees.--
     Such section is further amended by inserting after subsection 
     (a) the following new subsection (b):
       ``(b) Temporary Exclusion of Certain Shipyard Employees.--

[[Page H6230]]

       ``(1) In general.--In carrying out a Government lodging 
     program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall exclude 
     from the requirements of the program employees who are 
     traveling for the performance of mission functions of a 
     public shipyard of the Department if the Secretary determines 
     such requirements would adversely affect the purpose or 
     mission of such travel.
       ``(2) Termination.--This subsection shall terminate on 
     September 30, 2023.''.
       (c) Conforming Amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 914. GOVERNMENT LODGING PROGRAM.''.

     SEC. 643. OPERATION OF STARS AND STRIPES.

       (a) Operation.--Subject to appropriations, the Secretary of 
     Defense may not cease operation and maintenance of Stars and 
     Stripes until 180 days after the date on which the Secretary 
     submits to the Committees on Armed Service of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives notice of the proposed cessation 
     of such operation and maintenance.
       (b) Report on Business Case Analysis.--Not later than March 
     1, 2021, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
     editor of Stars and Stripes, shall submit a report to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives detailing the business case analysis for 
     various options for Stars and Stripes. The report shall 
     contain the following elements:
       (1) An analysis of the pros and cons of, and business case 
     for, continuing the operation and publication of Stars and 
     Stripes at its current levels, including other options for 
     the independent reporting currently provided, especially in a 
     deployed environment.
       (2) An analysis of the modes of communication used by Stars 
     and Stripes.
       (3) An analysis of potential reduced operations of Stars 
     and Stripes.
       (4) An analysis of the operation of Stars and Stripes 
     solely as a non-appropriated fund entity.
       (5) An analysis of operating Stars and Stripes as a 
     category B morale, welfare, and recreation entity.
       (6) An assessment of the value of the availability of Stars 
     and Stripes (in print or an electronic version) to deployed 
     or overseas members of the Armed Forces.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Improvement to breast cancer screening.
Sec. 702. Waiver of fees charged to certain civilians for emergency 
              medical treatment provided at military medical treatment 
              facilities.
Sec. 703. Authority for Secretary of Defense to manage provider type 
              referral and supervision requirements under TRICARE 
              program.
Sec. 704. Expansion of benefits available under TRICARE Extended Care 
              Health Option program.
Sec. 705. Sale of hearing aids for dependents of certain members of the 
              reserve components.
Sec. 706. Pilot program on receipt of non-generic prescription 
              maintenance medications under TRICARE pharmacy benefits 
              program.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Repeal of administration of TRICARE dental plans through 
              Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
Sec. 712. Protection of the Armed Forces from infectious diseases.
Sec. 713. Inclusion of drugs, biological products, and critical medical 
              supplies in national security strategy for national 
              technology and industrial base.
Sec. 714. Contract authority of the Uniformed Services University of 
              the Health Sciences.
Sec. 715. Membership of Board of Regents of Uniformed Services 
              University of the Health Sciences.
Sec. 716. Temporary exemption for Uniformed Services University of the 
              Health Sciences from certain Paperwork Reduction Act 
              requirements.
Sec. 717. Modification to limitation on the realignment or reduction of 
              military medical manning end strength.
Sec. 718. Modifications to implementation plan for restructure or 
              realignment of military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 719. Policy to address prescription opioid safety.
Sec. 720. Addition of burn pit registration and other information to 
              electronic health records of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 721. Inclusion of information on exposure to open burn pits in 
              postdeployment health reassessments.

                Subtitle C--Matters Relating to COVID-19

Sec. 731. COVID-19 military health system review panel.
Sec. 732. Department of Defense pandemic preparedness.
Sec. 733. Transitional health benefits for certain members of the 
              National Guard serving under orders in response to the 
              coronavirus (COVID-19).
Sec. 734. Registry of certain TRICARE beneficiaries diagnosed with 
              COVID-19.
Sec. 735. Health assessments of veterans diagnosed with pandemic 
              diseases to determine exposure to open burn pits and 
              toxic airborne chemicals.
Sec. 736. Comptroller General study on delivery of mental health 
              services to members of the Armed Forces during the COVID-
              19 pandemic.

                 Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 741. Modifications to pilot program on civilian and military 
              partnerships to enhance interoperability and medical 
              surge capability and capacity of National Disaster 
              Medical System.
Sec. 742. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
              suicide prevention programs and activities of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 743. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
              Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
              Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 744. Military Health System Clinical Quality Management Program.
Sec. 745. Wounded Warrior Service Dog Program.
Sec. 746. Extramedical maternal health providers demonstration project.
Sec. 747. Briefing on diet and nutrition of members of the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 748. Audit of medical conditions of residents in privatized 
              military housing.
Sec. 749. Assessment of receipt by civilians of emergency medical 
              treatment at military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 750. Study on the incidence of cancer diagnosis and mortality 
              among military aviators and aviation support personnel.
Sec. 751. Study on exposure to toxic substances at Karshi-Khanabad Air 
              Base, Uzbekistan.
Sec. 752. Review and report on prevention of suicide among members of 
              the Armed Forces stationed at remote installations 
              outside the contiguous United States.
Sec. 753. Study on medevac helicopters and ambulances at certain 
              military installations.
Sec. 754. Comptroller General study on prenatal and postpartum mental 
              health conditions among members of the Armed Forces and 
              their dependents.
Sec. 755. Report on lapses in TRICARE coverage for members of the 
              National Guard and reserve components.
Sec. 756. Study and report on increasing telehealth services across 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 757. Study on force mix options and service models to enhance 
              readiness of medical force of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 758. Report on billing practices for health care from Department 
              of Defense.

Subtitle E--Mental Health Services From Department of Veterans Affairs 
                   for Members of Reserve Components

Sec. 761. Short title.
Sec. 762. Expansion of eligibility for readjustment counseling and 
              related outpatient services from Department of Veterans 
              Affairs to include members of reserve components of the 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 763. Provision of mental health services from Department of 
              Veterans Affairs to members of reserve components of the 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 764. Inclusion of members of reserve components in mental health 
              programs of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 765. Report on mental health and related services provided by 
              Department of Veterans Affairs to members of the Armed 
              Forces.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

     SEC. 701. IMPROVEMENT TO BREAST CANCER SCREENING.

       Section 1074d(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
     following: ``, including through the use of digital breast 
     tomosynthesis''.

     SEC. 702. WAIVER OF FEES CHARGED TO CERTAIN CIVILIANS FOR 
                   EMERGENCY MEDICAL TREATMENT PROVIDED AT 
                   MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

       Section 1079b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsection (b):
       ``(b) Waiver of Fees.--The Secretary may waive a fee that 
     would otherwise be charged under the procedures implemented 
     under subsection (a) to a civilian who is not a covered 
     beneficiary if--
       ``(1) the civilian is unable to pay for the costs of the 
     trauma or other medical care provided to the civilian 
     (including any such costs remaining after the Secretary 
     receives payment from an insurer for such care, as 
     applicable); and
       ``(2) the provision of such care enhances the knowledge, 
     skills, and abilities of health care providers, as determined 
     by the Secretary.''.

     SEC. 703. AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO MANAGE 
                   PROVIDER TYPE REFERRAL AND SUPERVISION 
                   REQUIREMENTS UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM.

       Section 1079(a)(12) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended, in the first sentence, by striking ``or certified 
     clinical social worker,'' and inserting ``certified clinical 
     social worker, or other

[[Page H6231]]

     class of provider as designated by the Secretary of 
     Defense,''.

     SEC. 704. EXPANSION OF BENEFITS AVAILABLE UNDER TRICARE 
                   EXTENDED CARE HEALTH OPTION PROGRAM.

       (a) Extended Benefits for Eligible Dependents.--Subsection 
     (e) of section 1079 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(e)(1) Extended benefits for eligible dependents under 
     subsection (d) may include comprehensive health care services 
     (including services necessary to maintain, or minimize or 
     prevent deterioration of, function of the patient) and case 
     management services with respect to the qualifying condition 
     of such a dependent, and include, to the extent such benefits 
     are not provided under provisions of this chapter other than 
     under this section, the following:
       ``(A) Diagnosis and screening.
       ``(B) Inpatient, outpatient, and comprehensive home health 
     care supplies and services which may include cost-effective 
     and medically appropriate services other than part-time or 
     intermittent services (within the meaning of such terms as 
     used in the second sentence of section 1861(m) of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x)).
       ``(C) Rehabilitation services and devices.
       ``(D) In accordance with paragraph (2), respite care for 
     the primary caregiver of the eligible dependent.
       ``(E) In accordance with paragraph (3), service and 
     modification of durable equipment and assistive technology 
     devices.
       ``(F) Special education.
       ``(G) Vocational training, which may be furnished to an 
     eligible dependent in the residence of the eligible dependent 
     or at a facility in which such training is provided.
       ``(H) Such other services and supplies as determined 
     appropriate by the Secretary, notwithstanding the limitations 
     in subsection (a)(12).
       ``(2) Respite care under paragraph (1)(D) shall be provided 
     subject to the following conditions:
       ``(A) Pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Secretary 
     for purposes of this paragraph, such respite care shall be 
     limited to 32 hours per month for a primary caregiver.
       ``(B) Unused hours of such respite care may not be carried 
     over to another month.
       ``(C) Such respite care may be provided to an eligible 
     beneficiary regardless of whether the eligible beneficiary is 
     receiving another benefit under this subsection.
       ``(3)(A) Service and modification of durable equipment and 
     assistive technology devices under paragraph (1)(E) may be 
     provided only upon determination by the Secretary that the 
     service or modification is necessary for the use of such 
     equipment or device by the eligible dependent.
       ``(B) Service and modification of durable equipment and 
     assistive technology devices under such paragraph may not be 
     provided--
       ``(i) in the case of misuse, loss, or theft of the 
     equipment or device; or
       ``(ii) for a deluxe, luxury, or immaterial feature of the 
     equipment or device, as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(C) Service and modification of durable equipment and 
     assistive technology devices under such paragraph may include 
     training of the eligible dependent and immediate family 
     members of the eligible dependent on the use of the equipment 
     or device.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (f) of section 1079 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     ``paragraph (3) or (4) of subsection (e)'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``subparagraph (C), (E), (F), or (G) of 
     subsection (e)(1)''.
       (c) Additional Requirements in Office of Special Needs 
     Annual Report.--Section 1781c(g)(2) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (D); 
     and
       (2) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
     subparagraph (C):
       ``(C) With respect to the Extended Care Health Option 
     program under section 1079(d) of this title--
       ``(i) the utilization rates of services under such program 
     by eligible dependents (as such term is defined in such 
     section) during the prior year;
       ``(ii) a description of gaps in such services, as 
     ascertained by the Secretary from information provided by 
     families of eligible dependents;
       ``(iii) an assessment of factors that prevent knowledge of 
     and access to such program, including a discussion of actions 
     the Secretary may take to address these factors; and
       ``(iv) an assessment of the average wait time for an 
     eligible dependent enrolled in the program to access 
     alternative health coverage for a qualifying condition (as 
     such term is defined in such section), including a discussion 
     of any adverse health outcomes associated with such wait.''.
       (d) Comptroller General Report.--
       (1) Submission.--Not later than April 1, 2022, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
     and the Senate a report on caregiving available to eligible 
     dependents under programs such as home- and community-based 
     services provided under State Medicaid plans pursuant to 
     waivers under section 1915 of the Social Security Act (42 
     U.S.C. 1396n) or the Program of Comprehensive Assistance for 
     Family Caregivers of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
     established under section 1720G of title 38, United States 
     Code.
       (2) Matters.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include--
       (A) an analysis of best practices for the administration of 
     programs to support caregivers of individuals with 
     intellectual or physical disabilities, based on input from 
     payers, administrators, individuals receiving care from such 
     caregivers, and advocates;
       (B) a comparison of the provision of respite and related 
     care under the Extended Care Health Option program under 
     section 1079(d) of title 10, United States Code, and similar 
     care provided under programs specified in paragraph (1), to 
     identify best practices from such program and, if necessary, 
     make recommendations for improvement; and
       (C) an analysis of the reasons eligible dependents do not 
     qualify for State programs under which caregiving is 
     available, such as home- and community-based services 
     provided under State Medicaid plans as specified in paragraph 
     (1), with respect to the State in which the eligible 
     dependent is located.
       (3) Eligible dependent defined.--In this subsection, 
     ``eligible dependent'' has the meaning given such term in 
     section 1079(d) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 705. SALE OF HEARING AIDS FOR DEPENDENTS OF CERTAIN 
                   MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

       Section 1077(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``In addition'' and inserting ``(1) In 
     addition''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) For purposes of selling hearing aids at cost to the 
     United States under paragraph (1), a dependent of a member of 
     the reserve components who is enrolled in the TRICARE program 
     under section 1076d of this title shall be deemed to be a 
     dependent eligible for care under this section.''.

     SEC. 706. PILOT PROGRAM ON RECEIPT OF NON-GENERIC 
                   PRESCRIPTION MAINTENANCE MEDICATIONS UNDER 
                   TRICARE PHARMACY BENEFITS PROGRAM.

       (a) Pilot Program.--
       (1) Authority.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of 
     Defense may carry out a pilot program under which eligible 
     covered beneficiaries may elect to receive non-generic 
     prescription maintenance medications selected by the 
     Secretary under subsection (c) through military medical 
     treatment facility pharmacies, retail pharmacies, or the 
     national mail-order pharmacy program, notwithstanding section 
     1074g(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) Requirement.--The Secretary may carry out the pilot 
     program under paragraph (1) only if the Secretary determines 
     that the total costs to the Department of Defense for 
     eligible covered beneficiaries to receive non-generic 
     prescription maintenance medications under the pilot program 
     will not exceed the total costs to the Department for such 
     beneficiaries to receive such medications under the national 
     mail-order pharmacy program pursuant to section 1074g(a)(9) 
     of title 10, United States Code. In making such 
     determination, the Secretary shall consider all manufacturer 
     discounts, refunds and rebates, pharmacy transaction fees, 
     and all other costs.
       (b) Duration.--If the Secretary carries out the pilot 
     program under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall carry 
     out the pilot program for a three-year period beginning not 
     later than March 1, 2021.
       (c) Selection of Medication.--If the Secretary carries out 
     the pilot program under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary 
     shall select non-generic prescription maintenance medications 
     described in section 1074g(a)(9)(C)(ii) of title 10, United 
     States Code, to be covered by the pilot program.
       (d) Notification.--If the Secretary carries out the pilot 
     program under subsection (a)(1), in providing each eligible 
     covered beneficiary with an explanation of benefits, the 
     Secretary shall notify the beneficiary of whether the 
     medication that the beneficiary is prescribed is covered by 
     the pilot program.
       (e) Briefing and Reports.--
       (1) Briefing.--If the Secretary determines to carry out the 
     pilot program under subsection (a)(1), not later than 90 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
     shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     House of Representatives and the Senate a briefing on the 
     implementation of the pilot program.
       (2) Interim report.--If the Secretary carries out the pilot 
     program under subsection (a)(1), not later than 18 months 
     after the commencement of the pilot program, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House 
     of Representatives and the Senate a report on the pilot 
     program.
       (3) Comptroller general report.--
       (A) In general.--If the Secretary carries out the pilot 
     program under subsection (a)(1), not later than March 1, 
     2024, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a report on the pilot program.
       (B) Elements.--The report under subparagraph (A) shall 
     include the following:
       (i) The number of eligible covered beneficiaries who 
     participated in the pilot program and an assessment of the 
     satisfaction of such beneficiaries with the pilot program.
       (ii) The rate by which eligible covered beneficiaries 
     elected to receive non-generic prescription maintenance 
     medications at a retail pharmacy pursuant to the pilot 
     program, and how such rate affected military medical 
     treatment facility pharmacies and the national mail-order 
     pharmacy program.
       (iii) The amount of cost savings realized by the pilot 
     program, including with respect to--

       (I) dispensing fees incurred at retail pharmacies compared 
     to the national mail-order pharmacy program for brand name 
     prescription drugs;
       (II) administrative fees;
       (III) any costs paid by the United States for the drugs in 
     addition to the procurement costs;
       (IV) the use of military medical treatment facilities; and

[[Page H6232]]

       (V) copayments paid by eligible covered beneficiaries.

       (iv) A comparison of supplemental rebates between retail 
     pharmacies and other points of sale.
       (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
     construed to affect--
       (1) the ability of the Secretary to carry out section 
     1074g(a)(9)(C) of title 10, United States Code, after the 
     date on which the pilot program is completed; or
       (2) the prices established for medications under section 
     8126 of title 38, United States Code.
       (g) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``eligible covered beneficiary'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 1074g(i) of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (2) The terms ``military medical treatment facility 
     pharmacies'', ``retail pharmacies'', and ``the national mail-
     order pharmacy program'' mean the methods for receiving 
     prescription drugs as described in clauses (i), (ii), and 
     (iii), respectively, of section 1074g(a)(2)(E) of title 10, 
     United States Code.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

     SEC. 711. REPEAL OF ADMINISTRATION OF TRICARE DENTAL PLANS 
                   THROUGH FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION 
                   INSURANCE PROGRAM.

       (a) Title 5.--Section 8951(8) of title 5, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``1076a or''.
       (b) Title 10.--Section 1076a(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follow:
       ``(b) Administration of Plans.--The plans established under 
     this section shall be administered under regulations 
     prescribed by the Secretary of Defense in consultation with 
     the other administering Secretaries.''.
       (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 713 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1811) is repealed.
       (d) Technical Amendment.--Section 1076a(a)(1) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking the second 
     sentence.

     SEC. 712. PROTECTION OF THE ARMED FORCES FROM INFECTIOUS 
                   DISEASES.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1073d the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1073e. Protection of armed forces from infectious 
       diseases

       ``(a) Protection.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
     and implement a plan to ensure that the armed forces have the 
     diagnostic equipment, testing capabilities, and personal 
     protective equipment necessary to protect members of the 
     armed forces from the threat of infectious diseases and to 
     treat members who contract infectious diseases.
       ``(b) Requirements.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall ensure the following:
       ``(1) Each military medical treatment facility has the 
     testing capabilities described in such subsection, as 
     appropriate for the mission of the facility.
       ``(2) Each deployed naval vessel has access to the testing 
     capabilities described in such subsection.
       ``(3) Members of the armed forces deployed in support of a 
     contingency operation outside of the United States have 
     access to the testing capabilities described in such 
     subsection, including at field hospitals, combat support 
     hospitals, field medical stations, and expeditionary medical 
     facilities.
       ``(4) The Department of Defense maintains--
       ``(A) a 30-day supply of personal protective equipment in a 
     quantity sufficient for each member of the armed forces, 
     including the reserve components thereof; and
       ``(B) the capability to rapidly resupply such equipment.
       ``(c) Research and Development.--(1) The Secretary shall 
     include with the defense budget materials (as defined by 
     section 231(f) of this title) for a fiscal year a plan to 
     research and develop vaccines, diagnostics, and therapeutics 
     for infectious diseases.
       ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that the medical 
     laboratories of the Department of Defense are equipped with 
     the technology needed to facilitate rapid research and 
     development of vaccines, diagnostics, and therapeutics in the 
     case of a pandemic.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 1073d the following new item:
``1073e. Protection of armed forces from infectious diseases.''.

     SEC. 713. INCLUSION OF DRUGS, BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS, AND 
                   CRITICAL MEDICAL SUPPLIES IN NATIONAL SECURITY 
                   STRATEGY FOR NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL 
                   BASE.

       (a) National Security Strategy for National Technology and 
     Industrial Base.--Section 2501(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(11) Providing for the provision of drugs, biological 
     products, vaccines, and critical medical supplies required to 
     enable combat readiness and protect the health of the armed 
     forces.''.
       (b) Assessment.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall include 
     with the report required to be submitted in 2022 under 
     section 2504 of title 10, United States Code, an appendix 
     containing an assessment of gaps or vulnerabilities in the 
     national technology and industrial base (as defined by 
     section 2500(1) of such title) with respect to drugs, 
     biological products, vaccines, and critical medical supplies 
     described in section 2501(a)(11) of such title, as amended by 
     subsection (a) of this section. In carrying out such 
     assessment, the Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of 
     Health and Human Services, the Commissioner of Food and 
     Drugs, and the heads of other departments and agencies of the 
     Federal Government that the Secretary of Defense determines 
     appropriate.
       (2) Matters included.--The assessment under paragraph (1) 
     shall include--
       (A) an identification and origin of any finished drugs, as 
     identified by the Secretary of Defense, and the essential 
     components of such drugs, including raw materials, chemical 
     components, and active pharmaceutical ingredients that are 
     necessary for the manufacture of such drugs, whose supply is 
     at risk of disruption during a time of war or national 
     emergency;
       (B) an identification of shortages of finished drugs, 
     biological products, vaccines, and critical medical supplies 
     essential for combat readiness and the protection of the 
     health of the Armed Forces (including with respect to any 
     challenges or issues with the joint deployment formulary), as 
     identified by the Secretary of Defense;
       (C) an identification of the defense and geopolitical 
     contingencies that are sufficiently likely to arise that may 
     lead to the discontinuance, interruption or meaningful 
     disruption in the supply of a drug, biological product, 
     vaccine, or critical medical supply, and recommendations 
     regarding actions the Secretary of Defense should take to 
     reasonably prepare for the occurrence of such contingencies;
       (D) an identification of any barriers that exist to 
     manufacture finished drugs, biological products, vaccines, 
     and critical medical supplies in the United States, including 
     with respect to regulatory barriers by the Federal Government 
     and whether the raw materials may be found in the United 
     States;
       (E) an identification of potential partners of the United 
     States with whom the United States can work with to realign 
     the manufacturing capabilities of the United States for such 
     finished drugs, biological products, vaccines, and critical 
     medical supplies;
       (F) an assessment conducted by the Secretary of Defense of 
     the resilience and capacity of the current supply chain and 
     industrial base to support national defense upon the 
     occurrence of the contingencies identified in subparagraph 
     (C), including with respect to--
       (i) the manufacturing capacity of the United States;
       (ii) gaps in domestic manufacturing capabilities, including 
     nonexistent, extinct, threatened, and single-point-of-failure 
     capabilities;
       (iii) supply chains with single points of failure and 
     limited resiliency; and
       (iv) economic factors, including global competition, that 
     threaten the viability of domestic manufacturers; and
       (G) recommendations to enhance and strengthen the surge 
     requirements and readiness contracts of the Department of 
     Defense to ensure the sufficiency of the stockpile of the 
     Department of, and the ready access by the Department to, 
     critical medical supplies, pharmaceuticals, vaccines, 
     countermeasure prophylaxis, and personal protective 
     equipment, including with respect to the effectiveness of the 
     theater lead agent for medical materiel program in support of 
     the combatant commands.
       (3) Submission.--In addition to including the assessment 
     under paragraph (1) as an appendix to the report required to 
     be submitted in 2022 under section 2504 of title 10, United 
     States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall submit such 
     appendix separately to the appropriate congressional 
     committees.
       (4) Form.--The assessment under paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in classified form.
       (5) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
     the following:
       (i) The Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on 
     Energy and Commerce, and the Committee on Homeland Security 
     of the House of Representatives.
       (ii) The Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on 
     Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the Committee on 
     Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
       (B) The term ``critical medical supplies'' includes 
     personal protective equipment, diagnostic tests, testing 
     supplies, and lifesaving breathing apparatuses required to 
     treat severe respiratory illnesses and distress.

     SEC. 714. CONTRACT AUTHORITY OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES 
                   UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES.

       (a) Contract Authority.--Section 2113(g)(1) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in subparagraph (F), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(G) notwithstanding sections 2304, 2361, and 2374 of this 
     title, to enter into contracts and cooperative agreements 
     with, accept grants from, and make grants to, nonprofit 
     entities (on a sole-source basis) for the purpose specified 
     in subparagraph (A) or for any other purpose the Secretary 
     determines to be consistent with the mission of the 
     University.''.
       (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in section 2113(g) of 
     title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a), 
     shall be construed to limit the ability of the Secretary of 
     Defense, in carrying out such section, to use competitive 
     procedures to award contracts, cooperative agreements, or 
     grants.

     SEC. 715. MEMBERSHIP OF BOARD OF REGENTS OF UNIFORMED 
                   SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES.

       (a) In General.--Section 2113a(b) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
     (4) and (5), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(3) the Director of the Defense Health Agency, who shall 
     be an ex officio member;''.
       (b) Rule of Construction.--The amendments made by this 
     section may not be construed to invalidate any action taken 
     by the

[[Page H6233]]

     Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences or its 
     Board of Regents prior to the effective date of this section.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on January 1, 2021.

     SEC. 716. TEMPORARY EXEMPTION FOR UNIFORMED SERVICES 
                   UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES FROM CERTAIN 
                   PAPERWORK REDUCTION ACT REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) Temporary Exemption From Certain Paperwork Reduction 
     Act Requirements.--
       (1) In general.--During the two-year period beginning on 
     the date that is 30 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the requirements described in paragraph (2) shall 
     not apply with respect to the voluntary collection of 
     information during the conduct of research and program 
     evaluations--
       (A) conducted or sponsored by the Uniformed Services 
     University of the Health Sciences; and
       (B) funded through the Defense Health Program.
       (2) Requirements described.--The requirements described in 
     this paragraph are the requirements under the following 
     provisions of law:
       (A) Section 3506(c) of title 44, United States Code.
       (B) Sections 3507 and 3508 of such title.
       (b) Reports.--
       (1) Interim report.--Not later than one year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
     on the preliminary findings with respect to--
       (A) the estimated time saved by the Uniformed Services 
     University of the Health Sciences (if applicable) by reason 
     of the exemption under paragraph (1) of subsection (a) to 
     requirements described in paragraph (2) of such subsection;
       (B) the research within the scope of such exemption that 
     has been initiated, is ongoing, or has been completed during 
     the period in which the exemption is in effect;
       (C) the estimated cost savings by the University that can 
     be attributed to such exemption; and
       (D) the additional burdens upon the research subjects of 
     the University that are attributable to such exemption.
       (2) Updated report.--Not later than two years after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
     containing--
       (A) updated information with respect to the matters under 
     paragraph (1); and
       (B) any recommendations with respect to policy or 
     legislative actions regarding the exemption under paragraph 
     (1) of subsection (a) to requirements described in paragraph 
     (2) of such subsection.
       (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Oversight and Reform of the House of Representatives; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.

     SEC. 717. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATION ON THE REALIGNMENT OR 
                   REDUCTION OF MILITARY MEDICAL MANNING END 
                   STRENGTH.

       Section 719 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1454) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``may not realign or reduce military medical 
     end strength authorizations until'' and inserting the 
     following: ``may not realign or reduce military medical end 
     strength authorizations during the 180 days following the 
     date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, and 
     after such period, may not realign or reduce such 
     authorizations unless''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting before the period at 
     the end the following: ``, including with respect to both the 
     homeland defense mission and pandemic influenza''.

     SEC. 718. MODIFICATIONS TO IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR 
                   RESTRUCTURE OR REALIGNMENT OF MILITARY MEDICAL 
                   TREATMENT FACILITIES.

       Section 703(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2199) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (D) and 
     inserting the following new subparagraph:
       ``(D) A description of how the Secretary will carry out 
     subsection (b), including, with respect to each affected 
     military medical treatment facility, a description of--
       ``(i) the elements required for health care providers to 
     accept and transition covered beneficiaries to the purchased 
     care component of the TRICARE program;
       ``(ii) a method to monitor and report on quality benchmarks 
     for the beneficiary population that will be required to 
     transition to such component of the TRICARE program; and
       ``(iii) a process by which the Director of the Defense 
     Health Agency will ensure that such component of the TRICARE 
     program has the required capacity.''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) Notice and wait.--The Secretary may not implement the 
     plan under paragraph (1) unless--
       ``(A) the Secretary has submitted the plan to the 
     congressional defense committees;
       ``(B) the Secretary has certified to the congressional 
     defense committees that, pursuant to subsection (b), if a 
     proposed restructure, realignment, or modification will 
     eliminate the ability of a covered beneficiary to access 
     health care services at a military medical treatment 
     facility, the covered beneficiary will be able to access such 
     health care services through the purchased care component of 
     the TRICARE program; and
       ``(C) a 180-day period has elapsed following the later of--
       ``(i) the date on which the congressional defense 
     committees have received both the implementation plan under 
     subparagraph (A) and the notice of certification under 
     subparagraph (B); or
       ``(ii) the date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) 
     Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2021.''.

     SEC. 719. POLICY TO ADDRESS PRESCRIPTION OPIOID SAFETY.

       (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
     policy and tracking mechanism to monitor and provide 
     oversight of opioid prescribing to ensure that the provider 
     practices of medication-prescribing health professionals 
     across the military health system conform with--
       (1) the clinical practice guidelines of the Department of 
     Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
       (2) the prescribing guidelines published by the Centers for 
     Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug 
     Administration.
       (b) Elements.--The requirements under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) Providing oversight and accountability of opioid 
     prescribing practices that are outside of the recommended 
     parameters for dosage, supply, and duration as identified in 
     the guideline published by the Centers for Disease Control 
     and Prevention titled ``CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids 
     for Chronic Pain--United States, 2016'', or such successor 
     guideline, and the guideline published by the Department of 
     Defense and Department of Veterans Affairs titled ``DoD/VA 
     Management of Opioid Therapy (OT) for Chronic Pain Clinical 
     Practice Guideline, 2017'' or such successor guideline.
       (2) Implementing oversight and accountability 
     responsibilities for opioid prescribing safety as specified 
     in paragraph (1).
       (3) Implementing systems to ensure that the prescriptions 
     in the military health system data repository are 
     appropriately documented and that the processing date and the 
     metric quantity field for opioid prescriptions in liquid form 
     are consistent within the electronic health record system 
     known as ``MHS GENESIS''.
       (4) Implementing opioid prescribing controls within the 
     electronic health record system known as ``MHS GENESIS'' and 
     document if an overdose reversal drug was co-prescribed.
       (5) Developing metrics that can be used by the Defense 
     Health Agency and each military medical treatment facility to 
     actively monitor and limit the overprescribing of opioids and 
     to monitor the co-prescribing of overdose reversal drugs as 
     accessible interventions.
       (6) Developing a report that tracks progression toward 
     reduced levels of opioid use and includes an identification 
     of prevention best practices established by the Department.
       (7) Developing and implementing a plan to improve 
     communication and value-based initiatives between pharmacists 
     and medication-prescribing health professionals across the 
     military health system.

     SEC. 720. ADDITION OF BURN PIT REGISTRATION AND OTHER 
                   INFORMATION TO ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Updates to Electronic Health Records.--Beginning not 
     later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
       (1) the electronic health record maintained by the 
     Secretary for a member of the Armed Forces registered with 
     the Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry is updated 
     with any information contained in such registry with respect 
     to the member; and
       (2) any occupational or environmental health exposure 
     recorded in the Defense Occupational and Environmental Health 
     Readiness System (or any successor system) is linked to the 
     electronic health record system of the Department of Defense 
     to notify health professionals treating a member specified in 
     paragraph (1) of any such exposure recorded for the member.
       (b) Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry Defined.--
     In this section, the term ``Airborne Hazards and Open Burn 
     Pit Registry'' means the registry established by the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs under section 201 of the 
     Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act 
     of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note).

     SEC. 721. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION ON EXPOSURE TO OPEN BURN 
                   PITS IN POSTDEPLOYMENT HEALTH REASSESSMENTS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall include in 
     postdeployment health reassessments conducted under section 
     1074f of title 10, United States Code, pursuant to a 
     Department of Defense Form 2796, or successor form, an 
     explicit question regarding exposure of members of the Armed 
     Forces to open burn pits.
       (b) Inclusion in Assessments by Military Departments.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Secretary of each 
     military department includes a question regarding exposure of 
     members of the Armed Forces to open burn pits in any 
     electronic postdeployment health assessment conducted by that 
     military department.
       (c) Open Burn Pit Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``open burn pit'' has the meaning given that term in section 
     201(c) of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits 
     Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 
     note).

[[Page H6234]]

  


                Subtitle C--Matters Relating to COVID-19

     SEC. 731. COVID-19 MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM REVIEW PANEL.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a panel to be known as the ``COVID-19 Military 
     Health System Review Panel'' (in this section referred to as 
     the ``panel'').
       (b) Composition.--
       (1) Members.--The panel shall be composed of the following 
     members:
       (A) The President of the Uniformed Services University of 
     the Health Sciences.
       (B) The Director of the Defense Health Agency.
       (C) The Surgeon General of the Army.
       (D) The Surgeon General of the Navy.
       (E) The Surgeon General of the Air Force.
       (F) The Joint Staff Surgeon.
       (G) The Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
     Readiness Policy and Oversight.
       (H) The Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
     Resources Management and Policy.
       (2) Chairperson.--The chairperson of the panel shall be the 
     President of the Uniformed Services University of the Health 
     Sciences.
       (3) Terms.--Each member shall be appointed for the life of 
     the panel.
       (c) Duties.--
       (1) In general.--The panel shall--
       (A) review the response of the military health system to 
     the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the effects of 
     COVID-19 on such system, including by analyzing any strengths 
     or weaknesses of such system identified as a result COVID-19; 
     and
       (B) using information from the review, make such 
     recommendations as the panel considers appropriate with 
     respect to any policy, practice, organization, manning level, 
     funding level, or legislative authority relating to the 
     military health system.
       (2) Elements of review.--In conducting the review under 
     paragraph (1), each member of the panel shall lead a review 
     of at least one of the following elements, with respect to 
     the military health system:
       (A) Policy, including any policy relating to force health 
     protection or medical standards for the appointment, 
     enlistment, or induction of individuals into the Armed 
     Forces.
       (B) Public health activities, including any activity 
     relating to risk communication, surveillance, or contact 
     tracing.
       (C) Research, diagnostics, and therapeutics.
       (D) Logistics and technology.
       (E) Force structure and manning.
       (F) Governance and organization.
       (G) Operational capabilities and operational support.
       (H) Education and training.
       (I) Health benefits under the TRICARE program.
       (J) Engagement and security activities relating to global 
     health.
       (K) The financial impact of COVID-19 on the military health 
     system.
       (d) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report that includes the findings of the panel as a result 
     of the review under subsection (c)(1)(A) and such 
     recommendations as the panel considers appropriate under 
     subsection (c)(1)(B).
       (e) Termination.--The panel shall terminate on June 1, 
     2021.

     SEC. 732. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PANDEMIC PREPAREDNESS.

       (a) Strategy.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
     strategy for pandemic preparedness and response that includes 
     the following:
       (1) Identification of activities necessary to be carried 
     out prior to a pandemic to ensure preparedness and effective 
     communication of roles and responsibilities within the 
     Department of Defense, including--
       (A) reviewing the frequency of each exercise conducted by 
     the Department, a military department, or Defense Agency that 
     relates to a pandemic or severe influenza season or related 
     force health protection scenario;
       (B) ensuring such exercises are appropriately planned, 
     resourced, and practiced;
       (C) including a consideration of the capabilities and 
     capacities necessary to carry out the strategy under this 
     section, and related operations for force health protection, 
     and ensuring that these are included in each cost evaluation, 
     Defense-wide review, or manning assessment of the Department 
     of Defense that affects such capabilities and capacities;
       (D) reviewing the placement, exploring broader utilization 
     of global health engagement liaisons, and increasing the 
     scope of global health activities of the Department of 
     Defense;
       (E) assessing a potential career track relating to health 
     protection research for members of the Armed Forces and 
     civilian employees of the Department of Defense;
       (F) providing to members of the Armed Forces guidance on 
     force health protection prior to and during a pandemic or 
     severe influenza season, including guidance on specific 
     behaviors or actions required, such as self-isolating, social 
     distancing, and additional protective measures to be carried 
     out after contracting a novel virus or influenza;
       (G) reviewing and updating the inventory of medical 
     supplies and equipment of the Department of Defense that is 
     available for operational support to the combatant commands 
     prior to and during a pandemic (such as vaccines, biologics, 
     drugs, preventive medicine, antiviral medicine, and equipment 
     relating to trauma support), including a review of--
       (i) the sufficiency of prepositioned stocks; and
       (ii) the effectiveness of the Warstopper Program of the 
     Defense Logistics Agency, or such successor program;
       (H) reviewing and updating distribution plans of the 
     Department of Defense for critical medical supplies and 
     equipment within the inventory of the Department of Defense, 
     including vaccines and antiviral medicines; and
       (I) reviewing and updating research on infectious diseases 
     and preventive medicine conducted by the military health 
     system, including research conducted by the Health Related 
     Communities of Interest of the Department of Defense, the 
     Joint Program Committees, the overseas medical laboratories 
     of the Department of Defense, the Armed Forces Health 
     Surveillance Branch, or other elements of the Department of 
     Defense that conduct research in support of members of the 
     Armed Forces or beneficiaries under the TRICARE program.
       (2) Review of Department of Defense systems for health 
     surveillance and detection to ensure continuous situational 
     awareness and early warning with respect to a pandemic, 
     including a review of--
       (A) the levels of funding and investment, and the overall 
     value, of the Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and 
     Response System of the Department of Defense, including the 
     value demonstrated by the role of such system in--
       (i) improving the Department of Defense prevention and 
     surveillance of, and the response to, infectious diseases 
     that may impact members of the Armed Forces;
       (ii) informing decisions relating to force health 
     protection across the geographic combatant commands;
       (iii) ensuring laboratory readiness to support pandemic 
     response efforts and to understand infectious disease threats 
     to the Armed Forces; and
       (iv) coordinating and collaborating with partners, such as 
     the geographic combatant commands, other Federal agencies, 
     and international partners;
       (B) the levels of funding and investment, and the overall 
     value, of the overseas medical laboratories of the Department 
     of Defense, including the value demonstrated by the role of 
     such laboratories in conducting research and forming 
     partnerships with other elements of the Department of 
     Defense, other Federal agencies, international partners in 
     the country in which such laboratory is located, and, as 
     applicable, the private sector of the United States; and
       (C) the levels of funding and investment, and the overall 
     value, of the Direct HIV/AIDS Prevention Program of the 
     Department of Defense, including the value demonstrated by 
     the role of such program in developing (in coordination with 
     other Federal agencies) programs for the prevention, care, 
     and treatment of the human immunodeficiency virus infection 
     and acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
       (3) Identification of activities to limit the spread of an 
     infectious disease outbreak among members of the Armed Forces 
     and beneficiaries under the TRICARE program, including 
     activities to mitigate the health, social, and economic 
     impacts of a pandemic on such members and beneficiaries, 
     including by--
       (A) reviewing the role of the Department of Defense in the 
     National Disaster Medical System under section 2812 of the 
     Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300hh-11) and 
     implementing plans across the Department that leverage 
     medical facilities, personnel, and response capabilities of 
     the Federal Government to support requirements under such Act 
     relating to medical surge capacity;
       (B) determining the range of public health capacity, 
     medical surge capacity, administrative capacity, and 
     veterinary capacity necessary for the Armed Forces to--
       (i) support operations during a pandemic; and
       (ii) develop mechanisms to reshape force structure during 
     such pandemic as necessary (contingent upon primary mission 
     requirements); and
       (C) determining the range of activities for operational 
     medical support and infrastructure sustainment that the 
     Department of Defense and other Federal agencies have the 
     capacity to implement during a pandemic (contingent upon 
     primary mission requirements), and develop plans for the 
     implementation of such activities.
       (b) Study on Response to COVID-19.--In addition to the 
     review under section 731, the Secretary shall conduct a study 
     on the response of the military health system to the 
     coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
       (c) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2021, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     containing--
       (1) the strategy under subsection (a); and
       (2) the study under subsection (b), including any findings 
     or recommendations from the study that relate to an element 
     of the strategy under subsection (a), such as recommended 
     changes to policy, funding, practices, manning, organization, 
     or legislative authority.

     SEC. 733. TRANSITIONAL HEALTH BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF 
                   THE NATIONAL GUARD SERVING UNDER ORDERS IN 
                   RESPONSE TO THE CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19).

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
     a member of the National Guard separating from active service 
     after serving on full-time National Guard duty pursuant to 
     section 502(f) of title 32, United States Code, the health 
     benefits authorized under section 1145 of title 10, United 
     States Code, for a member of a reserve component separating 
     from active duty, as referred to in subsection (a)(2)(B) of 
     such section 1145, if the active service from which the 
     member of the National Guard is separating was in support of 
     the whole of government response to the coronavirus (COVID-
     19).
       (b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``active 
     duty'', ``active service'', and ``full-time National Guard 
     duty'' have the meanings given those terms in section 101(d) 
     of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 734. REGISTRY OF CERTAIN TRICARE BENEFICIARIES DIAGNOSED 
                   WITH COVID-19.

       (a) Establishment.--Not later than June 1, 2021, and 
     subject to subsection (b), the Secretary

[[Page H6235]]

     of Defense shall establish and maintain a registry of covered 
     TRICARE beneficiaries who have been diagnosed with COVID-19.
       (b) Right of Beneficiary to Opt Out.--A covered TRICARE 
     beneficiary may elect to opt out of inclusion in the registry 
     under subsection (a).
       (c) Contents.--The registry under subsection (a) shall 
     include, with respect to each covered TRICARE beneficiary 
     included in the registry, the following:
       (1) The demographic information of the beneficiary.
       (2) Information on the industrial or occupational history 
     of the beneficiary, to the extent such information is 
     available in the records regarding the COVID-19 diagnosis of 
     the beneficiary.
       (3) Administrative information regarding the COVID-19 
     diagnosis of the beneficiary, including the date of the 
     diagnosis and the location and source of the test used to 
     make the diagnosis.
       (4) Any symptoms of COVID-19 manifested in the beneficiary.
       (5) Any treatments for COVID-19 taken by the beneficiary, 
     or other medications taken by the beneficiary, when the 
     beneficiary was diagnosed with COVID-19.
       (6) Any pathological data characterizing the incidence of 
     COVID-19 and the type of treatment for COVID-19 provided to 
     the beneficiary.
       (7) Information on any respiratory illness of the 
     beneficiary recorded prior to the COVID-19 diagnosis of the 
     beneficiary.
       (8) Any information regarding the beneficiary contained in 
     the Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry established 
     under section 201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' 
     Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 
     U.S.C. 527 note).
       (9) Any other information determined appropriate by the 
     Secretary.
       (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
     and the Senate a report on establishing the registry under 
     subsection (a), including--
       (1) a plan to implement the registry;
       (2) the cost of implementing the registry;
       (3) the location of the registry; and
       (4) any recommended legislative changes with respect to 
     establishing the registry.
       (e) Covered TRICARE Beneficiary Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``covered TRICARE beneficiary'' means an individual 
     who is enrolled in the direct care system under the TRICARE 
     program and is treated for or diagnosed with COVID-19 at a 
     military medical treatment facility.

     SEC. 735. HEALTH ASSESSMENTS OF VETERANS DIAGNOSED WITH 
                   PANDEMIC DISEASES TO DETERMINE EXPOSURE TO OPEN 
                   BURN PITS AND TOXIC AIRBORNE CHEMICALS.

       (a) Exposure to Open Burn Pits and Toxic Airborne Chemicals 
     or Other Airborne Contaminants as Part of Health Assessments 
     for Veterans During a Pandemic and Inclusion of Information 
     in Registry.--
       (1) Health assessments and physical examinations.--The 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall ensure that the first 
     health assessment or physical examination furnished to a 
     veteran under the laws administered by the Secretary after 
     the veteran tests positive for a pathogen, such as a virus, 
     with respect to which a public health emergency has been 
     declared under section 319 of the Public Health Service Act 
     (42 U.S.C. 247d) includes an evaluation of whether the 
     veteran has been--
       (A) based or stationed at a location where an open burn pit 
     was used; or
       (B) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne 
     contaminants relating to service in the Armed Forces, 
     including an evaluation of any information recorded as part 
     of the Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry.
       (2) Inclusion of individuals in registry.--If an evaluation 
     conducted under paragraph (1) with respect to a veteran 
     establishes that the veteran was based or stationed at a 
     location where an open burn pit was used, or that the 
     individual was exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
     airborne contaminants, the individual shall be enrolled in 
     the Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry unless the 
     veteran elects to not enroll in such registry.
       (3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection may 
     be construed to preclude eligibility of a veteran for 
     benefits under the laws administered by the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs by reason of the history of exposure of the 
     veteran to an open burn pit not being recorded in an 
     evaluation conducted under paragraph (1).
       (b) Study on Impact of Viral Pandemics on Members of Armed 
     Forces and Veterans Who Have Experienced Toxic Exposure.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall 
     conduct a study, through the Airborne Hazards and Burn Pits 
     Center of Excellence (in this subsection referred to as the 
     ``Center''), on the health impacts of infection with a 
     pathogen, such as a virus, with respect to which a public 
     health emergency has been declared under section 319 of the 
     Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d), including a 
     coronavirus, to members of the Armed Forces and veterans who 
     have been exposed to open burn pits and other toxic exposures 
     for the purposes of understanding the health impacts of the 
     pathogen and whether individuals infected with the pathogen 
     are at increased risk of severe symptoms due to previous 
     conditions linked to toxic exposure.
       (2) Preparation for future pandemic.--The Secretary, 
     through the Center, shall analyze potential lessons learned 
     through the study conducted under paragraph (1) to assist in 
     preparing the Department of Veterans Affairs for potential 
     future pandemics.
       (c) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (1) The term ``Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit 
     Registry'' means the registry established by the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs under section 201 of the Dignified Burial 
     and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public 
     Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note).
       (2) The term ``coronavirus'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 506 of the Coronavirus Preparedness and 
     Response Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2020 (Public Law 
     116-123).
       (3) The term ``open burn pit'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 201(c) of the Dignified Burial and Other 
     Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-
     260; 126 Stat. 2422; 38 U.S.C. 527 note).

     SEC. 736. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY ON DELIVERY OF MENTAL 
                   HEALTH SERVICES TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                   DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC.

       (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall conduct a study on the delivery of Federal, 
     State, and private mental health services to members of the 
     Armed Forces during the COVID-19 pandemic.
       (b) Elements.--The study conducted under subsection (a) 
     shall--
       (1) review any strategies used to combat existing stigma 
     surrounding mental health conditions that might deter members 
     of the Armed Forces from seeking care;
       (2) review guidance to commanding officers at all levels on 
     the mental health ramifications of the COVID-19 crisis;
       (3) assess the need for additional training and support for 
     mental health care professionals of the Department of Defense 
     with respect to supporting individuals who are concerned for 
     the health of themselves and their family members, or 
     grieving the loss of loved ones, because of COVID-19;
       (4) assess the strategy of the Department of Defense to 
     leverage telemedicine to ensure safe access to mental health 
     services;
       (5) identify all programs associated with services 
     described in such subsection;
       (6) specify gaps or barriers to mental health care access 
     that could result in delayed or insufficient mental health 
     care support to members of the Armed Forces; and
       (7) evaluate the mental health screening requirements for 
     members of the Armed Forces immediately before, during, and 
     after--
       (A) Federal deployment under title 10, United States Code; 
     or
       (B) State deployment under title 32, United States Code.
       (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the study conducted 
     under subsection (a).

                 Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 741. MODIFICATIONS TO PILOT PROGRAM ON CIVILIAN AND 
                   MILITARY PARTNERSHIPS TO ENHANCE 
                   INTEROPERABILITY AND MEDICAL SURGE CAPABILITY 
                   AND CAPACITY OF NATIONAL DISASTER MEDICAL 
                   SYSTEM.

       Section 740 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1465) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense may'' and 
     inserting ``Beginning not later than September 30, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall'';
       (B) by striking ``health care organizations, institutions, 
     and entities'' and inserting ``health care organizations, 
     health care institutions, health care entities, academic 
     medical centers of institutions of higher education, and 
     hospitals''; and
       (C) by striking ``in the vicinity of major aeromedical and 
     other transport hubs and logistics centers of the Department 
     of Defense'';
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``may'' and inserting 
     ``shall'';
       (3) by redesignating subsections (d) through (f) as 
     subsections (e) through (g), respectively;
       (4) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following 
     new subsections:
       ``(c) Lead Official for Design and Implementation of Pilot 
     Program.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Health Affairs shall be the lead official for the design and 
     implementation o