[Congressional Record Volume 166, Number 196 (Wednesday, November 18, 2020)]
[House]
[Pages H5886-H5892]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




                        LIBYA STABILIZATION ACT

  Mr. ENGEL. Mr. Speaker, I move to suspend the rules and pass the bill 
(H.R. 4644) to clarify United States policy toward Libya, advance a 
diplomatic solution to the conflict in Libya, and support the people of 
Libya, as amended.
  The Clerk read the title of the bill.
  The text of the bill is as follows:

                               H.R. 4644

       Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
     the United States of America in Congress assembled,

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

       (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Libya 
     Stabilization Act''.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings; statement of policy.

         TITLE I--IDENTIFYING CHALLENGES TO STABILITY IN LIBYA

Sec. 101. Report on activities of certain foreign governments and 
              actors in Libya.
Sec. 102. Report of Russian activities and objectives in Libya.
Sec. 103. Determination of sanctionable activities of the Libyan 
              National Army with respect to Syria.

       TITLE II--ACTIONS TO ADDRESS FOREIGN INTERVENTION IN LIBYA

Sec. 201. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons leading, directing, 
              or supporting certain foreign government involvement in 
              Libya.
Sec. 202. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons threatening the 
              peace or stability of Libya.
Sec. 203. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons who are responsible 
              for or complicit in gross violations of internationally 
              recognized human rights committed in Libya.
Sec. 204. Sanctions described.
Sec. 205. Waiver.
Sec. 206. Implementation and regulatory authority.
Sec. 207. Exception relating to importation of goods.
Sec. 208. Definitions.
Sec. 209. Suspension of sanctions.
Sec. 210. Sunset.

                    TITLE III--ASSISTANCE FOR LIBYA

Sec. 301. Humanitarian relief for the people of Libya and international 
              refugees and migrants in Libya.
Sec. 302. Support for democratic governance, elections, and civil 
              society.
Sec. 303. Engaging international financial institutions to advance 
              Libyan economic recovery and improve public sector 
              financial management.
Sec. 304. Recovering assets stolen from the Libyan people.

              TITLE IV--DETERMINATION OF BUDGETARY EFFECTS

Sec. 401. Determination of budgetary effects.

     SEC. 2. FINDINGS; STATEMENT OF POLICY.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) The stability and territorial unity of Libya is 
     critical to the security of the United States, Europe, North 
     Africa, and the Sahel, as well as maritime routes in the 
     southern Mediterranean Sea.
       (2) United States Africa Command (AFRICOM) identifies 
     containing instability in Libya as one of its six main lines 
     of effort in Africa and works to support diplomatic efforts 
     to reconstitute the Libyan State and to disrupt terrorist 
     organizations that impede that process or threaten United 
     States interests.
       (3) According to the Defense Intelligence Agency, the 
     Islamic State in Libya (ISIS-Libya) is ``degraded''. However, 
     Secretary of Defense Mark Esper said in November 2019 that 
     there is a continued need for lethal operations to keep ISIS-
     Libya in a degraded state.
       (4) On April 4, 2019, Khalifa Haftar, the commander of the 
     Libyan National Army (LNA) ordered forces loyal to him to 
     begin a unilateral military operation to take control of 
     Tripoli, the capital of Libya and seat of the Government of 
     National Accord (GNA), an interim body that emerged from 
     previous United Nations-backed negotiations which the United 
     States Government and the United Nations Security Council 
     have recognized since 2015.
       (5) Both the LNA, the GNA, and their associated forces have 
     failed to observe their obligations under international 
     humanitarian law, increased the geographic scope of the 
     conflict, ignored calls for de-escalation and a ceasefire, 
     recruited foreign mercenaries, and intensified ground and air 
     campaigns using heavy weapons, aircraft, and reportedly using 
     armed drones provided by foreign powers.
       (6) According to then-United Nations Special Representative 
     and Head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya 
     (UNSMIL), Ghassan Salame, weapons provided by foreign powers 
     to the warring parties in violation of the United Nations 
     arms embargo are being sold to or captured by terrorist 
     groups active in Libya.
       (7) According to the United Nations, since the LNA 
     offensive began in April 2019, the conflict in Libya has led 
     to the deaths of more than 2,200 people and the displacement 
     of more than 150,000 people.
       (8) All sides of the conflict have requisitioned the houses 
     of civilians, targeted medical facilities, and inhibited 
     humanitarian access to food, health, and other life-saving 
     services, worsening humanitarian conditions.
       (9) More than 2,200 refugees and migrants are detained in 
     detention facilities in Libya with serious risks of torture, 
     starvation, sexual abuse, and death. On July 2, 2019, an 
     airstrike against the Tajura Detention Center killed 53 and 
     wounded 130 people trapped in the center. The United Nations 
     has called for the immediate release, evacuation, and 
     protection of refugees and migrants detained in conflict 
     zones.
       (10) The Department of State's 2020 Trafficking in Persons 
     Report states with regard to Libya, ``Trafficking victims--
     including men, women, and children--are highly vulnerable to 
     extreme violence and other human rights violations in Libya 
     by governmental and non-state armed groups, including: 
     physical, sexual, and verbal assault; abduction for ransom; 
     extortion; arbitrary killings; inhumane detention; and child 
     soldiering. . .Migrants in Libya are extremely vulnerable to 
     sex and labor trafficking [and . . .] are vulnerable to 
     exploitation by state and non-state actors, including 
     employers who refuse to pay laborers' wages.''.
       (11) In November 2019, the GNA and the Government of Turkey 
     signed a Memorandum of Understanding on maritime boundaries 
     in the Mediterranean Sea.
       (12) According to a July 2020 Department of Defense 
     Inspector General report, the Wagner Group, a Russian private 
     military company, has deployed as many as 2,500 mercenary 
     forces, including some Syrian fighters, advanced equipment, 
     and advanced capabilities to support the LNA and Russian 
     objectives in North Africa.
       (13) According to a July 2020 Department of Defense 
     Inspector General report, ``Turkey's president acknowledged 
     that his country sent many Syrian militants to Libya to 
     support the Government of National Accord (GNA). . 
     ..USAFRICOM estimated that 3,500 Syrian mercenaries were in 
     Libya supporting the GNA as of the end of March. Citing press 
     reports, USAFRICOM stated that an additional 300 Turkish-
     supported `Syrian opposition' fighters arrived in Libya in 
     early April.''.
       (14) In January 2020, LNA-aligned forces shut down oil 
     production in eastern Libya, which according to the United 
     Nations threatens devastating consequences for the Libyan 
     people and for the country's economic and financial 
     situation.
       (15) On January 19, 2020, at a peace conference in Berlin, 
     representatives of the Governments of Algeria, China, Egypt, 
     France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Turkey, the Republic of 
     Congo, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the 
     United States, as well as regional and multilateral 
     organizations, agreed to refrain from interference in Libya's 
     internal affairs, abide by the United Nations arms embargo, 
     and advance a 55-point communique to resolve the conflict in 
     Libya.
       (16) On January 30, 2020, then-United Nations Special 
     Representative Salame asserted, ``the warring parties have 
     continued to receive advanced equipment, fighters, and 
     advisors from foreign states, in violation of the UN arms 
     embargo and pledges made by representatives of these 
     countries in Berlin''.
       (17) On February 12, 2020, the United States Assistant 
     Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs testified before 
     the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, ``The task of 
     bringing the Libyans back to the negotiating table has been 
     complicated by the involvement of external actors. Libya is 
     not the place for Russian mercenaries, or fighters from 
     Syria, Chad, and Sudan. It is not the place for the Emiratis, 
     Russians, or Turks to be fighting battles on the ground 
     through intermediaries they sponsor or support with 
     sophisticated and deadly equipment in pursuit of their own 
     agendas.''.
       (18) On February 13, 2020, the United Nations Security 
     Council adopted Resolution 2510, which endorses the 
     Conclusions of the International Conference on Libya held in 
     Berlin, affirms the need for a lasting ceasefire, demands 
     full compliance by all

[[Page H5887]]

     member states with the United Nations arms embargo, and 
     expresses unequivocal support for the United Nations Special 
     Representative and the ongoing UNSMIL-facilitated intra-
     Libyan dialogue.
       (b) Statement of Policy.--It is the policy of the United 
     States--
       (1) to advance a peaceful resolution to the conflict in 
     Libya through a political process as the best way to secure 
     United States interests, ensure a stable and unified Libya, 
     reduce the threat of terrorism, and provide peace and 
     opportunity to the Libyan people;
       (2) to support the implementation of United Nations 
     Security Council Resolutions 1970 (2011) and 1973 (2011), 
     which established an arms embargo on Libya, and subsequent 
     resolutions modifying and extending the embargo;
       (3) to enforce Executive Order 13726 (81 Fed. Reg. 23559; 
     relating to blocking property and suspending entry into the 
     United States of persons contributing to the situation in 
     Libya (April 19, 2016)), designed to target individuals or 
     entities who ``threaten the peace, security, and stability of 
     Libya'';
       (4) to oppose attacks on civilians, medical workers, and 
     critical infrastructure, including water supplies, in Libya, 
     and to support accountability for those engaged in such 
     heinous actions;
       (5) to support Libya's sovereignty, independence, 
     territorial integrity, and national unity consistent with 
     United Nations Security Council Resolution 2510 (2020) and 
     all predecessor resolutions with respect to Libya, including 
     by--
       (A) taking action to end the violence and flow of arms;
       (B) rejecting attempts by any party to illicitly export 
     Libya's oil; and
       (C) urging Libyan parties to eject foreign military and 
     mercenary forces;
       (6) to leverage diplomatic relations to convince the 
     parties to the conflict in Libya to immediately de-escalate 
     and halt their current fighting and persuade foreign powers 
     to stop providing personnel, including mercenaries, weapons, 
     and financing that exacerbate the conflict;
       (7) to support building on the Libyan Political Agreement 
     as a viable framework for the political solution in Libya and 
     to urge all Libyan parties to resume the inclusive Libyan-led 
     and Libyan-owned political process under the auspices of 
     UNSMIL;
       (8) to support a negotiated and peaceful political solution 
     that includes a single, unified, inclusive, and effective 
     Libyan Government approved by the Libyan House of 
     Representatives, the end of a transitional period achieved 
     through free, fair, inclusive, and credible elections, a fair 
     and transparent allocation of resources, interim security 
     arrangements, and a process for the reunification of Libyan 
     government ministries and Libyan sovereign institutions, 
     including the Central Bank of Libya, the National Oil 
     Corporation, and the Libyan Investment Authority;
       (9) to support constant, unimpeded, and reliable 
     humanitarian access to those in need and to hold accountable 
     those who impede or threaten the delivery of humanitarian 
     assistance;
       (10) to seek to bring an end to trafficking in persons such 
     as slavery, forced labor, and sexual exploitation, including 
     with respect to migrants;
       (11) to advocate for the immediate release and safe 
     evacuations of detained refugees and migrants trapped by the 
     fighting in Libya;
       (12) to encourage implementation of UNSMIL's plan for the 
     organized and gradual closure of migrant detention centers in 
     Libya;
       (13) to support current and future democratic and economic 
     development; and
       (14) to discourage all parties from heightening tensions in 
     the region, through unhelpful and provocative actions.

         TITLE I--IDENTIFYING CHALLENGES TO STABILITY IN LIBYA

     SEC. 101. REPORT ON ACTIVITIES OF CERTAIN FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS 
                   AND ACTORS IN LIBYA.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, in 
     consultation with the Director of National Intelligence, 
     shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
     report that includes--
       (1) a description of the full extent of involvement in 
     Libya by foreign governments, including the Governments of 
     Russia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Sudan, Chad, 
     China, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar, including--
       (A) a description of which governments are linked to drone 
     and aircraft strikes;
       (B) a list of the types and estimated amounts of equipment 
     transferred by each government described in this paragraph to 
     the parties to the conflict, including foreign military 
     contractors, mercenaries, or paramilitary forces operating in 
     Libya; and
       (C) an estimate of the financial support provided by each 
     government described in this paragraph to the parties to the 
     conflict, including foreign military contractors, 
     mercenaries, or paramilitary forces operating in Libya;
       (2) an analysis and determination of whether the actions by 
     the governments described in paragraph (1) violate the arms 
     embargo with respect to Libya under United Nations Security 
     Council Resolution 2473 (2019) and other relevant Security 
     Council resolutions;
       (3) a list of the specific offending materiel or financial 
     support transfers provided by a government described in 
     paragraph (1) that violate the arms embargo with respect to 
     Libya under United Nations Security Council Resolution 2473 
     (2019) and other relevant Security Council resolutions;
       (4) a description of the activities of each foreign armed 
     group, including the Russian Wagner Group, Turkish military 
     contractors and mercenaries, affiliates of ISIS, al-Qaida in 
     the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), and Ansar al-Sharia, in Libya;
       (5) a description of European Union and North Atlantic 
     Treaty Organization (NATO) efforts to enforce the United 
     Nations arms embargo and facilitate a ceasefire;
       (6) a description of any violations of the arms embargo by 
     European Union member states; and
       (7) a description of United States diplomatic engagement 
     with the European Union and NATO regarding enforcement of the 
     United Nations arms embargo.
       (b) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
     annex.
       (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Permanent 
     Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Select 
     Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.

     SEC. 102. REPORT OF RUSSIAN ACTIVITIES AND OBJECTIVES IN 
                   LIBYA.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) General Stephen Townsend, Commander of United States 
     Africa Command (AFRICOM), warned in January 2020 that in 
     Libya, Russia seeks to ``demonstrate itself as an alternative 
     partner to the West'' and seeks to position itself alongside 
     the southern flank of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
     (NATO).
       (2) AFRICOM has also stated that the Russian military 
     presence in Libya threatens future United States military 
     partnerships and counterterrorism cooperation by impeding 
     United States access to Libya.
       (3) In May 2020, AFRICOM reported that the Government of 
     Russia deployed 14 MiG-29 and Su-24 aircraft to Libya to 
     support Russian state-sponsored private military contractors, 
     including the Wagner Group.
       (b) Report.--
       (1) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to 
     the appropriate congressional committees a report that 
     contains an assessment of Russian activities and objectives 
     in Libya, including--
       (A) the potential threat such activities pose to the United 
     States, southern Europe, NATO, and partners in the 
     Mediterranean Sea and North African region;
       (B) the direct role of Russia in Libyan financial affairs, 
     to include issuing and printing currency; and
       (C) Russia's use of mercenaries, military contractors, 
     equipment, and paramilitary forces in Libya.
       (2) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
     annex.
       (3) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (A) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.

     SEC. 103. DETERMINATION OF SANCTIONABLE ACTIVITIES OF THE 
                   LIBYAN NATIONAL ARMY WITH RESPECT TO SYRIA.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the President shall submit to the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the 
     Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a list of 
     members of the Libyan National Army (LNA), and details of 
     their activities, that the President determines are knowingly 
     responsible for sanctionable offenses pursuant to--
       (1) section 7412 of the Caesar Syria Civilian Protection 
     Act of 2019 (22 U.S.C. 8791 note; 133 Stat. 2292); or
       (2) Executive Order 13582 (76 Fed. Reg. 52209; relating to 
     blocking property of the Government of Syria and prohibiting 
     certain transactions with respect to Syria (August 17, 
     2011)).

       TITLE II--ACTIONS TO ADDRESS FOREIGN INTERVENTION IN LIBYA

     SEC. 201. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN PERSONS LEADING, 
                   DIRECTING, OR SUPPORTING CERTAIN FOREIGN 
                   GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT IN LIBYA.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the President shall impose each of 
     the sanctions described in section 204 with respect to each 
     foreign person that the President determines knowingly 
     engages in an activity described in subsection (b).
       (b) Activities Described.--A foreign person engages in an 
     activity described in this subsection if the person leads, 
     directs, or provides significant financial, material, or 
     technological support to, or knowingly engages in a 
     significant transaction with, a non-Libyan foreign person 
     that is--
       (1) in Libya in a military or commercial capacity as a 
     military contractor, mercenary, or part of a paramilitary 
     force; and

[[Page H5888]]

       (2) engaged in significant actions that threaten the peace, 
     security, or stability of Libya.

     SEC. 202. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN PERSONS 
                   THREATENING THE PEACE OR STABILITY OF LIBYA.

       (a) Imposition of Sanctions.--The President shall impose 
     each of the sanctions described in section 204 with respect 
     to each foreign person on the list required by subsection 
     (b).
       (b) List.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a list of--
       (1) foreign persons, including senior government officials, 
     militia leaders, paramilitary leaders, and other persons who 
     provide significant support to militia or paramilitary groups 
     in Libya, that the President determines are knowingly--
       (A) engaged in significant actions or policies that 
     threaten the peace, security, or stability of Libya, 
     including any supply of arms or related materiel in violation 
     of a United Nations Security Council resolution with respect 
     to Libya;
       (B) engaged in significant actions or policies that 
     obstruct, undermine, delay, or impede, or pose a significant 
     risk of obstructing, undermining, delaying, or impeding the 
     United Nations-mediated political process that seeks a 
     negotiated and peaceful solution to the Libyan crisis;
       (C) engaged in significant actions that may lead to or 
     result in the misappropriation of significant state assets of 
     Libya;
       (D) involved in, or has been involved in, the significant 
     illicit exploitation of crude oil or any other natural 
     resources in Libya, including the significant illicit 
     production, refining, brokering, sale, purchase, or export of 
     Libyan oil;
       (E) significantly threatening or coercing Libyan state 
     financial institutions or the Libyan National Oil Company; or
       (F) significantly responsible for actions or policies that 
     are intended to undermine efforts to promote stabilization 
     and economic recovery in Libya;
       (2) foreign persons that the President determines are 
     successor entities to persons referred to in subparagraphs 
     (A) through (F) of paragraph (1); and
       (3) foreign persons that the President determines--
       (A) own or control, or are owned or controlled by, a person 
     referred to in any of subparagraphs (A) through (F) of 
     paragraph (1) or paragraph (2); and
       (B) have provided, or attempted to provide, significant 
     financial, material, technological, or other support for, or 
     goods or services in support of, a person referred to in any 
     of subparagraphs (A) through (F) of paragraph (1) or 
     paragraph (2) for purposes of engaging in any activity listed 
     in such subparagraphs (A) through (F) of paragraph (1).
       (4) Updates of list.--The President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees an updated list under 
     paragraph (1)--
       (A) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act and annually thereafter for a period of 5 years; 
     or
       (B) as new information becomes available.
       (5) Form.--The list required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 203. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN PERSONS WHO ARE 
                   RESPONSIBLE FOR OR COMPLICIT IN GROSS 
                   VIOLATIONS OF INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED HUMAN 
                   RIGHTS COMMITTED IN LIBYA.

       (a) Imposition of Sanctions.--The President shall impose 
     each of the sanctions described in section 204 with respect 
     to each foreign person on the list required by subsection 
     (b).
       (b) List of Persons.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a list of foreign 
     persons, including senior government officials, militia 
     leaders, paramilitary leaders, and other persons who provide 
     significant support to militia or paramilitary groups in 
     Libya, that the President determines are knowingly 
     responsible for or complicit in, or have directly or 
     indirectly engaged in, gross violations of internationally 
     recognized human rights committed in Libya.
       (2) Updates of list.--The President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees an updated list under 
     paragraph (1)--
       (A) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act and annually thereafter for a period of 5 years; 
     or
       (B) as new information becomes available.
       (3) Form.--The list required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 204. SANCTIONS DESCRIBED.

       (a) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions to be imposed with 
     respect to a foreign person under section 201, 202, or 203 
     are the following:
       (1) Blocking of property.--The President shall exercise all 
     of the powers granted to the President by the International 
     Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) 
     (except that the requirements of section 202 of such Act (50 
     U.S.C. 1701) shall not apply) to the extent necessary to 
     block and prohibit all transactions in property and interests 
     in property of the person if such property and interests in 
     property are in the United States, come within the United 
     States, or are or come within the possession or control of a 
     United States person.
       (2) Inadmissibility of certain individuals.--
       (A) Ineligibility for visas, admission, or parole.--A 
     foreign person who meets any of the criteria described 
     section 201, 202, or 203 is--
       (i) inadmissible to the United States;
       (ii) ineligible to receive a visa or other documentation to 
     enter the United States; and
       (iii) otherwise ineligible to be admitted or paroled into 
     the United States or to receive any other benefit under the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).
       (B) Current visas revoked.--A foreign person subject to 
     section 201, 202, or 203 is subject to the following:
       (i) Revocation of any visa or other entry documentation 
     regardless of when the visa or other entry documentation is 
     or was issued.
       (ii) A revocation under clause (i) shall--

       (I) take effect immediately; and
       (II) automatically cancel any other valid visa or entry 
     documentation that is in the foreign person's possession.

       (b) Penalties.--The penalties provided for in subsections 
     (b) and (c) of section 206 of the International Emergency 
     Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) shall apply to a person 
     that violates, attempts to violate, conspires to violate, or 
     causes a violation of regulations promulgated under section 
     306(2) to carry out subsection (a)(1) to the same extent that 
     such penalties apply to a person that commits an unlawful act 
     described in section 206(a) of that Act.
       (c) Exception.--Sanctions under subsection (a)(2) shall not 
     apply to an alien if admitting or paroling the alien into the 
     United States is necessary to permit the United States to 
     comply with the Agreement regarding the Headquarters of the 
     United Nations, signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, and 
     entered into force November 21, 1947, between the United 
     Nations and the United States, or other applicable 
     international obligations of the United States.
       (d) Exception to Comply With National Security.--The 
     following activities shall be exempt from sanctions under 
     this section:
       (1) Activities subject to the reporting requirements under 
     title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 
     et seq.).
       (2) Any authorized intelligence or law enforcement 
     activities of the United States.

     SEC. 205. WAIVER.

       The President may waive the application of sanctions 
     imposed on a foreign person under this title if the 
     President--
       (1) determines that such a waiver is in the national 
     interest of the United States; and
       (2) not later than the date on which such waiver will take 
     effect, submits to the appropriate congressional committees a 
     notice of and justification for such waiver.

     SEC. 206. IMPLEMENTATION AND REGULATORY AUTHORITY.

       The President--
       (1) is authorized to exercise all authorities provided to 
     the President under sections 203 and 205 of the International 
     Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 and 1704) to 
     carry out this title; and
       (2) shall issue such regulations, licenses, and orders as 
     are necessary to carry out this title.

     SEC. 207. EXCEPTION RELATING TO IMPORTATION OF GOODS.

       (a) In General.--The authorities and requirements to impose 
     sanctions under this title shall not include the authority or 
     requirement to impose sanctions on the importation of goods.
       (b) Good Defined.--In this section, the term ``good'' means 
     any article, natural or man-made substance, material, supply 
     or manufactured product, including inspection and test 
     equipment and excluding technical data.

     SEC. 208. DEFINITIONS.

       In this title:
       (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on 
     Financial Services of the House of Representatives; and
       (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
     Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate.
       (2) Admitted; alien.--The terms ``admitted'' and ``alien'' 
     have the meanings given those terms in section 101 of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101).
       (3) Foreign person.--The term ``foreign person'' means an 
     individual or entity that is not a United States person.
       (4) Foreign government.--The term ``foreign government'' 
     means any government of a country other than the United 
     States.
       (5) Knowingly.--The term ``knowingly'' with respect to 
     conduct, a circumstance, or a result, means that a person has 
     actual knowledge, or should have known, of the conduct, the 
     circumstance, or the result.
       (6) United states person.--The term ``United States 
     person'' means--
       (A) an individual who is a United States citizen or an 
     alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence to the United 
     States; or
       (B) an entity organized under the laws of the United States 
     or any jurisdiction within the United States, including a 
     foreign branch of such an entity; or
       (C) any person in the United States.
       (7) Gross violations of internationally recognized human 
     rights.--The term ``gross violations of internationally 
     recognized

[[Page H5889]]

     human rights'' has the meaning given such term in section 
     502B(d)(1) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
     2304(d)(1)).

     SEC. 209. SUSPENSION OF SANCTIONS.

       (a) In General.--The President may suspend in whole or in 
     part the imposition of sanctions otherwise required under 
     this title for periods not to exceed 90 days if the President 
     determines that the parties to the conflict in Libya have 
     agreed to and are upholding a sustainable, good-faith 
     ceasefire in support of a lasting political solution in 
     Libya.
       (b) Notification Required.--Not later than 30 days after 
     the date on which the President makes a determination to 
     suspend the imposition of sanctions as described in 
     subsection (a), the President shall submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees a notification of the determination.
       (c) Reimposition of Sanctions.--Any sanctions suspended 
     under subsection (a) shall be reimposed if the President 
     determines that the criteria described in that subsection are 
     no longer being met.

     SEC. 210. SUNSET.

       The requirement to impose sanctions under this title shall 
     cease to be effective on December 31, 2024.

                    TITLE III--ASSISTANCE FOR LIBYA

     SEC. 301. HUMANITARIAN RELIEF FOR THE PEOPLE OF LIBYA AND 
                   INTERNATIONAL REFUGEES AND MIGRANTS IN LIBYA.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the United States Government should--
       (A) continue efforts to address Libya's humanitarian 
     crisis;
       (B) leverage diplomatic relations with the warring parties 
     to guarantee constant, reliable humanitarian access by 
     frontline providers in Libya;
       (C) leverage diplomatic relations with the warring parties, 
     the United Nations, and the European Union to encourage the 
     voluntary safe passage of detained vulnerable migrants and 
     refugees from the conflict zones in Libya; and
       (D) support efforts to document and publicize gross 
     violations of internationally recognized human rights and 
     international humanitarian law, including efforts related to 
     trafficking in persons such as slavery, forced labor, and 
     sexual exploitation, and hold perpetrators accountable; and
       (2) humanitarian assistance to address the crisis in Libya 
     should be targeted toward those most in need and delivered 
     through partners that uphold internationally recognized 
     humanitarian principles, with robust monitoring to ensure 
     assistance is reaching intended beneficiaries.
       (b) Assistance Authorized.--The Administrator of the United 
     States Agency for International Development, in coordination 
     with the Secretary of State, should continue to support 
     humanitarian assistance to individuals and communities in 
     Libya, including--
       (1) health assistance, including logistical and technical 
     assistance to hospitals, ambulances, and health clinics in 
     affected communities, including migrant communities, and 
     provision of basic public health commodities;
       (2) services, such as medicines and medical supplies and 
     equipment;
       (3) assistance to provide--
       (A) protection, food, and shelter, including to migrant 
     communities; and
       (B) water, sanitation, and hygiene (commonly referred to as 
     ``WASH''); and
       (4) technical assistance to ensure health, food, and 
     commodities are appropriately selected, procured, targeted, 
     monitored, and distributed.
       (c) Strategy.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, in 
     coordination with the Administrator of the United States 
     Agency for International Development, shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a strategy on the 
     following:
       (1) How the United States, working with relevant foreign 
     governments and multilateral organizations, plans to address 
     the humanitarian situation in Libya.
       (2) Diplomatic efforts by the United States to encourage 
     strategic burden-sharing with international donors, including 
     foreign governments and multilateral organizations on efforts 
     to improve the humanitarian situation in Libya.
       (3) How to address humanitarian access challenges and 
     ensure protection for vulnerable refugees and migrants, 
     including protection from trafficking in persons such as 
     slavery, forced labor, and sexual exploitation.
       (4) How the United States is mitigating risk, utilizing 
     third party monitors, and ensuring effective delivery of 
     assistance.
       (d) Diplomatic Engagement.--The Secretary of State, in 
     consultation with the Administrator of the United States 
     Agency for International Development, should work with 
     relevant foreign governments and multilateral organizations 
     to coordinate a high-level summit with respect to Libya in 
     order to--
       (1) advance a ceasefire;
       (2) facilitate a political process to achieve such a 
     ceasefire; and
       (3) coordinate donations to advance the provision of 
     humanitarian assistance to the people of Libya and 
     international migrants and refugees in Libya in order to 
     carry out the strategy required by subsection (c).
       (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on 
     Appropriations of the House of Representatives; and
       (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
     Appropriations of the Senate.

     SEC. 302. SUPPORT FOR DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE, ELECTIONS, AND 
                   CIVIL SOCIETY.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of State shall coordinate 
     United States Government efforts to--
       (1) support efforts to resolve the current civil conflict 
     in Libya;
       (2) work to help the people of Libya and a future Libyan 
     government develop functioning, unified Libyan economic, 
     security, and governing institutions;
       (3) work to ensure free, fair, inclusive, and credible 
     elections organized by an independent and effective High 
     National Elections Commission in Libya, including through 
     supporting electoral security and international election 
     observation and by providing training and technical 
     assistance to institutions with election-related 
     responsibilities, as appropriate;
       (4) work with the people of Libya, nongovernmental 
     organizations, and Libyan institutions to strengthen 
     democratic governance, reinforce civilian institutions and 
     support decentralization in order to address community 
     grievances, promote social cohesion, mitigate drivers of 
     violent extremism, and help communities recover from Islamic 
     State occupation;
       (5) defend against gross violations of internationally 
     recognized human rights in Libya, including by supporting 
     efforts to document such violations;
       (6) to combat corruption and improve the transparency and 
     accountability of Libyan government institutions; and
       (7) to support the efforts of independent media outlets to 
     broadcast, distribute, and share information with the Libyan 
     people.
       (b) Risk Mitigation and Assistance Monitoring.--The 
     Secretary of State and Administrator of the United States 
     Agency for International Development shall ensure that 
     appropriate steps are taken to mitigate risk of diversion of 
     assistance for Libya and ensure reliable third-party 
     monitoring is utilized for projects in Libya that United 
     States Government personnel are unable to access and monitor.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of State, in coordination with the 
     Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
     Development, shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees a report on the activities carried out under 
     subsection (a).
       (2) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (A) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on 
     Appropriations of the House of Representatives; and
       (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
     Appropriations of the Senate.
       (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--
       (1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
     $23,000,000 for fiscal year 2021 to carry out subsection (a).
       (2) Notification requirements.--Any expenditure of amounts 
     made available to carry out subsection (a) shall be subject 
     to the notification requirements applicable to--
       (A) expenditures from the Economic Support Fund under 
     section 531(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
     U.S.C. 2346(c)); and
       (B) expenditures from the Development Assistance Fund under 
     section 653(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
     U.S.C. 2413(a)).

     SEC. 303. ENGAGING INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS TO 
                   ADVANCE LIBYAN ECONOMIC RECOVERY AND IMPROVE 
                   PUBLIC SECTOR FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall 
     instruct the United States Executive Director at each 
     international financial institution to use the voice, vote, 
     and influence of the United States to support, in a way that 
     is consistent with broader United States national interests, 
     a Libyan-led process to develop a framework for the economic 
     recovery of Libya and improved public sector financial 
     management, complementary to United Nations-led peace efforts 
     and in support of the future establishment of a sovereign 
     state with democratic institutions and the rule of law in 
     Libya.
       (b) Additional Elements.--To the extent consistent with 
     broader United States national interests, the framework 
     described in subsection (a) shall include the following 
     policy proposals:
       (1) To restore, respect, and safeguard the integrity, 
     unity, and lawful governance of Libya's key economic 
     ministries and institutions, in particular the Central Bank 
     of Libya, the Libya Investment Authority, the National Oil 
     Corporation, and the Audit Bureau (AB).
       (2) To improve the accountability and effectiveness of 
     Libyan authorities, including sovereign economic 
     institutions, in providing services and opportunity to the 
     Libyan people.
       (3) To assist in improving public financial management and 
     reconciling the public accounts of national financial 
     institutions and letters of credit issued by private Libyan 
     financial institutions as needed pursuant to a political 
     process.
       (4) To restore the production, efficient management, and 
     development of Libya's oil

[[Page H5890]]

     and gas industries so such industries are resilient against 
     malign foreign influence and can generate prosperity on 
     behalf of the Libyan people.
       (5) To promote the development of private sector 
     enterprise.
       (6) To improve the transparency and accountability of 
     public sector employment and wage distribution.
       (7) To strengthen supervision of and reform of Libyan 
     financial institutions.
       (8) To eliminate exploitation of price controls and market 
     distorting subsidies in the Libyan economy.
       (9) To support opportunities for United States businesses.
       (c) Consultation.--In supporting the framework described in 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct 
     the United States Executive Director at each international 
     financial institution to encourage the institution to consult 
     with relevant stakeholders in the financial, governance, and 
     energy sectors.
       (d) Definition of International Financial Institution.--In 
     this section, the term ``international financial 
     institution'' means the International Monetary Fund, 
     International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 
     European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 
     International Development Association, International Finance 
     Corporation, Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, 
     African Development Bank, African Development Fund, Asian 
     Development Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, Bank for 
     Economic Cooperation and Development in the Middle East and 
     North Africa, and Inter-American Investment Corporation.
       (e) Termination.--The requirements of this section shall 
     cease to be effective on December 31, 2024.

     SEC. 304. RECOVERING ASSETS STOLEN FROM THE LIBYAN PEOPLE.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
     the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, and 
     the Attorney General should, to the extent practicable, 
     advance a coordinated international effort--
       (1) to carry out special financial investigations to 
     identify and track assets taken from the people and 
     institutions of Libya through theft, corruption, money 
     laundering, or other illicit means; and
       (2) to work with foreign governments--
       (A) to share financial investigations intelligence, as 
     appropriate;
       (B) to oversee the assets identified pursuant to paragraph 
     (1); and
       (C) to provide technical assistance to help governments 
     establish the necessary legal framework to carry out asset 
     forfeitures.
       (b) Additional Elements.--The coordinated international 
     effort described in subsection (a) should include input 
     from--
       (1) the Office of Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes 
     of the Department of the Treasury;
       (2) the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network of the 
     Department of the Treasury; and
       (3) the Money Laundering and Asset Recovery Section of the 
     Department of Justice.

              TITLE IV--DETERMINATION OF BUDGETARY EFFECTS

     SEC. 401. DETERMINATION OF BUDGETARY EFFECTS.

       The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of 
     complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall 
     be determined by reference to the latest statement titled 
     ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation'' for this Act, 
     submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by the 
     Chairman of the House Budget Committee, provided that such 
     statement has been submitted prior to the vote on passage.

  The SPEAKER pro tempore. Pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from New 
York (Mr. Engel) and the gentleman from Florida (Mr. Yoho) each will 
control 20 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from New York.


                             General Leave

  Mr. ENGEL. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that all Members have 
5 legislative days in which to revise and extend their remarks and 
include extraneous material on H.R. 4644.
  The SPEAKER pro tempore. Is there objection to the request of the 
gentleman from New York?
  There was no objection.
  Mr. ENGEL. Mr. Speaker, I yield myself such time as I may consume.
  Mr. Speaker, I rise in strong support of the Libya Stabilization Act, 
an important piece of legislation introduced by the chairman and the 
ranking member of the Middle East and North Africa Subcommittee, Mr. 
Deutch, along with Ranking Member Wilson.
  This bill responds to years of instability and violence in Libya, 
which has given Russia a new foothold in North Africa and contributed 
to the growth of violent extremist groups.
  Though there is welcome news of an emerging ceasefire in Libya, 
facilitated by the United Nations, sporadic violence continues and 
dangerous militia groups remain active throughout the country.
  The Libya Stabilization Act addresses these threats by sanctioning 
outside actors who fuel the conflict or perpetrate human rights abuses. 
The bill also directs additional U.S. support to humanitarian relief 
and assistance efforts to help strengthen democratic governance; build 
a better, peaceful future for Libya; and ensure the security of the 
U.S. and our allies.
  It is in our interest to help prevent Libya from spiraling even 
further into lawlessness. A vacuum of leadership in Tripoli gives way 
to extremism, which poses threats to the United States, our allies, and 
partners.
  I thank Mr. Deutch and Mr. Wilson for their work on this measure, and 
I urge my colleagues to support it.
  Mr. Speaker, I reserve the balance of my time.
                                         House of Representatives,


                                   Committee on the Judiciary,

                                 Washington, DC, November 9, 2020.
     Hon. Eliot Engel,
     Chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Chairman Engel: This is to advise you that the 
     Committee on the Judiciary has now had an opportunity to 
     review the provisions in H.R. 4644, the ``Libya Stabilization 
     Act,'' that fall within our Rule X jurisdiction. I appreciate 
     your consulting with us on those provisions. The Judiciary 
     Committee has no objection to your including them in the bill 
     for consideration on the House floor, and to expedite that 
     consideration is willing to forgo action on H.R. 4644, with 
     the understanding that we do not thereby waive any future 
     jurisdictional claim over those provisions or their subject 
     matters.
       In the event a House-Senate conference on this or similar 
     legislation is convened, the Judiciary Committee reserves the 
     right to request an appropriate number of conferees to 
     address any concerns with these or similar provisions that 
     may arise in conference.
       Please place this letter into the Congressional Record 
     during consideration of the measure on the House floor. Thank 
     you for the cooperative spirit in which you have worked 
     regarding this matter and others between our committees.
           Sincerely,
                                                   Jerrold Nadler,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                 Committee on Foreign Affairs,

                                Washington, DC, November 11, 2020.
     Hon. Jerrold Nadler,
     Chairman, Committee on the Judiciary,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Chairman Nadler: I am writing to you concerning H.R. 
     4644, Libya Stabilization Act. I appreciate your willingness 
     to work cooperatively on this legislation.
       I acknowledge that provisions of the bill fall within the 
     jurisdiction of the House Committee on the Judiciary under 
     House Rule X, and that your Committee will forgo action on 
     H.R. 4644 to expedite floor consideration. I further 
     acknowledge that the inaction of your Committee with respect 
     to the bill does not waive any future jurisdictional claim 
     over the matters contained in the bill that fall within your 
     jurisdiction. I will also support the appointment of 
     Committee on the Judiciary conferees during any House-Senate 
     conference convened on this legislation.
       Lastly, I will ensure that our exchange of letters is 
     included in the Congressional Record during floor 
     consideration of the bill. Thank you again for your 
     cooperation regarding the legislation. I look forward to 
     continuing to work with you as the measure moves through the 
     legislative process.
           Sincerely,
                                                   Eliot L. Engel,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                 Committee on Foreign Affairs,

                                Washington, DC, November 11, 2020.
     Hon. Maxine Waters,
     Committee on Financial Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Chairwoman Waters: I am writing to you concerning H.R. 
     4644, Libya Stabilization Act. I appreciate your willingness 
     to work cooperatively on this legislation.
       I acknowledge that provisions of the bill fall within the 
     jurisdiction of the Committee on Financial Services under 
     House Rule X, and that your Committee will forgo action on 
     H.R. 4644 to expedite floor consideration. I further 
     acknowledge that the inaction of your Committee with respect 
     to the bill does not waive any future jurisdictional claim 
     over the matters contained in the bill that fall within your 
     jurisdiction. I also acknowledge that your Committee will be 
     appropriately consulted and involved as this or similar 
     legislation moves forward, and will support the appointment 
     of Committee on Financial Services conferees during any 
     House-Senate conference convened on this legislation.
       Lastly, I will ensure that our exchange of letters is 
     included in the Congressional Record during floor 
     consideration of the bill. Thank you again for your 
     cooperation regarding the legislation. I look forward to 
     continuing to work with you as the measure moves through the 
     legislative process.
           Sincerely,
                                                   Eliot L. Engel,
                                                         Chairman.

[[Page H5891]]

     
                                  ____
                                         House of Representatives,


                              Committee on Financial Services,

                                Washington, DC, November 13, 2020.
     Hon. Eliot Engel,
     Chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: I am writing concerning H.R. 4644, the 
     Libya Stabilization Act. In order to permit H.R. 4644 to 
     proceed expeditiously to the House Floor, I agree to forgo 
     formal consideration of the bill.
       The Committee on Financial Services takes this action to 
     forego formal consideration of H.R. 4644 in light of the 
     mutually agreed changes to provisions within the jurisdiction 
     of the Committee on Financial Services. We are also doing so 
     based on our mutual understanding that, by foregoing formal 
     consideration of H.R. 4644 at this time, we do not waive any 
     jurisdiction over the subject matter contained in this or 
     similar legislation, and that our Committee will be 
     appropriately consulted and involved as this or similar 
     legislation moves forward with regard to any matters in the 
     Committee's jurisdiction. The Committee also reserves the 
     right to seek appointment of an appropriate number of 
     conferees to any House-Senate conference involving this or 
     similar legislation that involves the Committee's 
     jurisdiction and request your support for any such request.
       Finally, I would appreciate your response to this letter 
     confirming this understanding, and I would ask that a copy of 
     our exchange of letters on this matter be included in the 
     Congressional Record during Floor consideration of H.R. 4644.
           Sincerely,
                                                    Maxine Waters,
                                                       Chairwoman.

  Mr. YOHO. Mr. Speaker, I yield myself such time as I may consume.
  Mr. Speaker, I rise in support of H.R. 4644, the Libya Stabilization 
Act. Despite a U.N. arms embargo, foreign actors are continuing to 
support both sides of the conflict.
  For example, Russia is supporting General Haftar's Libyan National 
Army. AFRICOM publishes pictures of advanced Russian aircraft in Libya. 
AFRICOM also estimates that Russia is supporting thousands of 
mercenaries from the Wagner Group and from Syria to fight for Haftar. 
Turkey has brought in more than 5,000 Syrian mercenaries to support the 
Government of National Accord.
  Flooding Libya with foreign mercenaries and heavy weaponry could 
destabilize the country and region for generations.
  We need to incentivize all parties to embrace a political track to 
establish stable governance in Libya and end the violence. That is the 
purpose of this legislation before us today.
  I am pleased that since our committee first considered this bill over 
the summer, the U.N. has managed to broker a ceasefire. The parties are 
using this opportunity to continue negotiations regarding the future of 
Libya.
  Unfortunately, as we have seen many times in this conflict, there is 
still the possibility that spoilers could upend this peace process.
  That is why, under this legislation, if individuals are threatening 
the peace, security, and stability of Libya, they will be subject to 
sanctions. But the bill clearly states that if there is a ceasefire in 
place, as there is at this time, at this very moment, then the 
sanctions do not apply.
  We are using our leverage to support the emerging political process 
and a peaceful future for the people of Libya.
  Mr. Speaker, I reserve the balance of my time.

                              {time}  1315

  Mr. ENGEL. Mr. Speaker, it is now my pleasure to yield 2\1/2\ minutes 
to the gentleman from Florida (Mr. Deutch), the author of this 
important bill and the chair of the Subcommittee on the Middle East, 
North Africa, and International Terrorism.
  Mr. DEUTCH. Mr. Speaker, I will speak to this bill in just a couple 
of seconds, but I want to pause, if I may, just to reflect on the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs bills that are on the floor today and what 
they say about the chairman of our committee, Mr. Engel.
  Mr. Engel, for more than three decades in the United States House of 
Representatives, has led with American values representing human 
rights, standing with our allies, and standing up against autocrats all 
around the world. And since I don't know, because of the pandemic, how 
much floor time we will have in the coming days and weeks, I wanted to 
take this moment to express on behalf of not only myself but I know so 
so many of his colleagues and friends around the country our deep 
appreciation for his leadership for all these years.
  Mr. Speaker, I am pleased today that we are considering the Libya 
Stabilization Act, a bipartisan bill that I introduced with my 
colleague, Middle East Subcommittee Ranking Member   Joe Wilson.
  As Mr. Yoho said, since we advanced this legislation out of committee 
in July, Libya experienced a cease-fire and a burst of diplomacy that I 
hope will bring increased security and, eventually, peace to all 
Libyans.
  The most recent round of U.N.-led talks yielded an agreement to hold 
``free and fair, inclusive and credible'' Presidential and 
parliamentary elections next year.
  These are important accomplishments, and credit should be given to 
the Libyan representatives to the negotiations, as well as the U.N., 
the U.S. Embassy in Libya, and both the Tunisian and Egyptian 
Governments for hosting recent political and military discussions.
  However, hard work and difficult compromises lie ahead. Recent talks 
failed to yield a transitional governmental administration. Public 
services like electricity continue to be limited or nonexistent.
  Moreover, progress on securing withdrawal of weapons, foreign forces, 
and mercenaries from Libya remains elusive. And we should not forget 
that previous diplomatic efforts in Libya repeatedly failed.
  That is why it is so important that we pass this bill today. It calls 
for a more active U.S. role in diplomacy, provides humanitarian 
assistance, and supports future elections, measures that will reinforce 
negotiations.
  It also sanctions those who deploy mercenaries, support militias, 
violate the U.N. arms embargo, and commit human rights violations in 
Libya. The bill's punitive measures take effect if the cease-fire 
collapses, which will incentivize the warring parties to remain at the 
negotiating table rather than return to the battlefield.
  The SPEAKER pro tempore. The time of the gentleman has expired.
  Mr. ENGEL. Mr. Speaker, I yield an additional 1 minute to the 
gentleman from Florida (Mr. Deutch).
  Mr. DEUTCH. Mr. Speaker, the bill that we will pass today 
demonstrates this Congress' interest in deescalating the conflict and 
that we support working with the U.N., our European allies, regional 
states, and Libyans to end the war and to help rebuild Libya.
  Again, Mr. Speaker, I thank Mr. Wilson for his leadership on this 
issue. I also thank both the majority and minority staffs of the 
committee, and special thanks to Ryan Doherty of my staff for his 
tireless efforts in bringing this bill to this floor today.
  Mr. YOHO. Mr. Speaker, in closing, I want to thank the gentleman from 
Florida (Mr. Deutch) and the gentleman from South Carolina (Mr. Wilson) 
for their leadership in introducing this bill, which I support.
  Mr. Speaker, I urge all Members to support this legislation, and I 
yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. ENGEL. Mr. Speaker, I want to once again thank Mr. Deutch and Mr. 
Wilson for their hard work in authorizing this measure.
  I want to thank Mr. Deutch for his kind words. We have worked very 
closely together through the years on the Foreign Affairs Committee. He 
has been one of the best members--always there, always fighting, always 
principled--and I thank him for the nice, kind words he said about me.
  We all say kind things about him because he is such an important 
member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and I have enjoyed 
serving with him all these years. So I thank the gentleman from Florida 
(Mr. Deutch).
  Mr. Speaker, let me say, I urge all Members to join me in supporting 
this legislation, again, Mr. Deutch's and Mr. Wilson's hard work in 
authoring this measure. I urge all colleagues to support this, and I 
yield back the balance of my time.
  The SPEAKER pro tempore. The question is on the motion offered by the 
gentleman from New York (Mr. Engel) that the House suspend the rules 
and pass the bill, H.R. 4644, as amended.
  The question was taken; and (two-thirds being in the affirmative) the 
rules were suspended and the bill, as amended, was passed.

[[Page H5892]]

  A motion to reconsider was laid on the table.

                          ____________________