[Congressional Record Volume 165, Number 196 (Monday, December 9, 2019)]
[House]
[Pages H9389-H9951]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




   CONFERENCE REPORT AND EXPLANATORY MATERIAL STATEMENT ON S. 1790, 
 NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2020, SUBMITTED BY 
   MR. SMITH OF WASHINGTON, CHAIRMAN OF THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ARMED 
                                SERVICES

                  Conference Report (H. Rept. 116-333)

       The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the 
     two Houses on the amendment of the House to the bill (S. 
     1790), to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for 
     military activities of the Department of Defense, for 
     military construction, and for defense activities of the 
     Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
     strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes, 
     having met, after full and free conference, have agreed to 
     recommend and do recommend to their respective Houses as 
     follows:
       That the Senate recede from its disagreement to the 
     amendment of the House and agree to the same with an 
     amendment as follows:
       In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the House 
     amendment, insert the following:

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

       This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020''.

     SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF 
                   CONTENTS.

       (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions 
     as follows:
       (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
       (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
       (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
     Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
       (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
       (5) Division E--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal 
     Years 2018, 2019, and 2020.
       (6) Division F--Other Matters.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain 
              limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground 
              System-Army Increment 1.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.
Sec. 122. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain 
              aircraft carriers.
Sec. 123. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
              and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.
Sec. 124. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 125. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier 
              force structure.
Sec. 126. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
              waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 127. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.
Sec. 128. Strategic sealift fleet vessel.
Sec. 129. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
              designated LPD-31.
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
              Ship.
Sec. 131. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface 
              combatants.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates 
              on the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
Sec. 133. Limitation on availability of funds for VH-92A helicopter.
Sec. 134. Report on carrier wing and aviation combat element 
              composition.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft.
Sec. 142. OC-135B aircraft recapitalization program.
Sec. 143. Requirement to align Air Force aviation force structure with 
              National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC-10 
              primary mission aircraft inventory.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15EX aircraft.
Sec. 146. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for RC-26B aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC-135 
              aircraft.
Sec. 149. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.
Sec. 150. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.
Sec. 151. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement 
              of JASSM-ER missiles.
Sec. 152. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.
Sec. 153. Sense of Congress on the light attack aircraft initiative of 
              the Air Force.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget 
              acquisition for F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 162. Relief from contractors for failure to deliver ready-for-
              issue spare parts for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 163. Limitation on availability of funds for reallocation of 
              Turkish F-35A aircraft to the United States.
Sec. 164. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software 
              development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike 
              Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System.
Sec. 165. F-35 sustainment cost.
Sec. 166. Reports on the progress and performance of the F-35 aircraft 
              program.
Sec. 167. Other reports on the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 168. Limitation on availability of funds for communications 
              systems lacking certain resiliency features.
Sec. 169. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link 
              requirement.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

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    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of 
              members of Armed Forces for careers in science, 
              technology, engineering, and mathematics.
Sec. 212. Updates to the Department of Defense personnel management 
              authority to attract experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 213. Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the Defense 
              Innovation Unit.
Sec. 214. Research and educational programs and activities for 
              Historically Black Colleges and Universities and 
              Minority-Serving Institutions of Higher Education.
Sec. 215. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology 
              achievements.
Sec. 216. Joint hypersonics transition office.
Sec. 217. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.
Sec. 218. Modification of authority and addition of technology areas 
              for expedited access to technical talent.
Sec. 219. Expansion of coordination in support of national security 
              innovation and entrepreneurial education.
Sec. 220. Modification of defense quantum information science and 
              technology research and development program.
Sec. 221. Understanding of investments in artificial intelligence and 
              development of capabilities by adversaries.
Sec. 222. Advisory role of JASON scientific advisory group.
Sec. 223. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology 
              Program.
Sec. 224. Requiring defense microelectronics products and services meet 
              trusted supply chain and operational security standards.
Sec. 225. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low 
              probability of detection data link network capability.
Sec. 226. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) 
              infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and 
              base infrastructure.
Sec. 227. Administration of manufacturing innovation institutes funded 
              by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 228. Research program on foreign malign influence operations.
Sec. 229. Diversification of the research and engineering workforce of 
              the Department of Defense.
Sec. 230. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and 
              software professionals.
Sec. 231. Digital engineering capability to automate testing and 
              evaluation.
Sec. 232. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology 
              development.
Sec. 233. Improvement of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 234. Pilot program on enhanced civics education.
Sec. 235. Technology and national security fellowship.
Sec. 236. Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management 
              System.
Sec. 237. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.
Sec. 238. Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies.
Sec. 239. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, 
              Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, 
              and Operational Energy Capability Improvement.
Sec. 240. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
              Increment 2 capability.

             Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 251. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to 
              science and technology reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 252. Infrastructure to support research, development, test, and 
              evaluation missions.
Sec. 253. Energetics plan.
Sec. 254. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation 
              information and communications technologies.
Sec. 255. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.
Sec. 256. Artificial intelligence education strategy.
Sec. 257. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.
Sec. 258. Report on B-52 commercial engine replacement program.
Sec. 259. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for 
              Department of Defense warfighting systems.
Sec. 260. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
Sec. 261. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
              program.
Sec. 262. National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black 
              Colleges and Universities and Other Minority 
              Institutions.
Sec. 263. Study on national security emerging biotechnologies for the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 264. Independent study on optimizing resources allocated to 
              Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.
Sec. 265. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
              programs.
Sec. 266. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy 
              projects that may have an adverse impact on military 
              operations and readiness.
Sec. 312. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants 
              for energy projects for mitigation of impacts on military 
              operations and readiness.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials.
Sec. 314. Disposal of recyclable materials.
Sec. 315. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed 
              utility systems serving military installations.
Sec. 316. Modification of Department of Defense environmental 
              restoration authorities to include Federal Government 
              facilities used by National Guard.
Sec. 317. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 318. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
              production facilities.
Sec. 319. Energy resilience programs and activities.
Sec. 320. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete 
              provisions relating to energy.
Sec. 321. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
              health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
              substances contamination in drinking water by Agency for 
              Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
Sec. 322. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with 
              fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.
Sec. 323. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous 
              film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 324. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam 
              for training exercises.
Sec. 325. Real-time sound-monitoring at Navy installations where 
              tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 326. Development of extreme weather vulnerability and risk 
              assessment tool.
Sec. 327. Removal of barriers that discourage investments to increase 
              military installation resilience.
Sec. 328. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme 
              weather.
Sec. 329. Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
              Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food Packaging.
Sec. 330. Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
              substances or aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 331. Agreements to share monitoring data relating to 
              perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances and other 
              contaminants of concern.
Sec. 332. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination 
              by perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Plan to phase out use of burn pits.
Sec. 334. Information relating to locations of burn pit use.
Sec. 335. Data quality review of radium testing conducted at certain 
              locations of the Department of the Navy.
Sec. 336. Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for certain 
              costs in connection with the Twin Cities Army Ammunition 
              Plant, Minnesota.
Sec. 337. Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds for 
              increased combat capability through energy optimization.
Sec. 338. Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at military 
              installations.

Subtitle C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

Sec. 341. Short title.
Sec. 342. Definitions.
Sec. 343. Provision of water uncontaminated with perfluorooctanoic acid 
              (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) for 
              agricultural purposes.
Sec. 344. Acquisition of real property by Air Force.
Sec. 345. Remediation plan.

                 Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 351. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives.
Sec. 352. Clarification of authority regarding use of working-capital 
              funds for unspecified minor military construction 
              projects related to revitalization and recapitalization 
              of defense industrial base facilities.
Sec. 353. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward 
              deployment of naval vessels.

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Sec. 354. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority 
              for arsenals, depots, and plants.
Sec. 355. F-35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.
Sec. 356. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and 
              equipment.
Sec. 357. Pilot program to train skilled technicians in critical 
              shipbuilding skills.
Sec. 358. Requirement for military department inter-service depot 
              maintenance.
Sec. 359. Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of the 
              Department of Defense.

                          Subtitle E--Reports

Sec. 361. Readiness reporting.
Sec. 362. Technical correction to deadline for transition to Defense 
              Readiness Reporting System Strategic.
Sec. 363. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.
Sec. 364. Report on Runit Dome.
Sec. 365. Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit 
              ratings in monthly readiness reporting on military units.
Sec. 366. Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in 
              readiness reporting systems of Department of Defense.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Prevention of encroachment on military training routes and 
              military operations areas.
Sec. 372. Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and 
              adoption of military animals.
Sec. 373. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use 
              Department of Defense reimbursement rate for 
              transportation services provided to certain non-
              Department of Defense entities.
Sec. 374. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to 
              issue non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 375. Defense personal property program.
Sec. 376. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 377. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training 
              program.
Sec. 378. Detonation chambers for explosive ordnance disposal.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
              levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
              reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
              active duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Authorized strengths for Marine Corps Reserves on active 
              duty.
Sec. 416. Modification of authorized strength of Air Force Reserve 
              serving on full-time reserve component duty for 
              administration of the reserves or the National Guard.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Maker of original appointments in a regular or reserve 
              component of commissioned officers previously subject to 
              original appointment in other type of component.
Sec. 502. Furnishing of adverse information on officers to promotion 
              selection boards.
Sec. 503. Limitation on number of officers recommendable for promotion 
              by promotion selection boards.
Sec. 504. Expansion of authority for continuation on active duty of 
              officers in certain military specialties and career 
              tracks.
Sec. 505. Management policies for joint qualified officers.
Sec. 506. Modification of authorities on management of deployments of 
              members of the Armed Forces and related unit operating 
              and personnel tempo matters.
Sec. 507. Personnel tempo of the Armed Forces and the United States 
              Special Operations Command during periods of 
              inapplicability of high-deployment limitations.
Sec. 508. Permanent authority to defer past age 64 the retirement of 
              chaplains in general and flag officer grades.
Sec. 509. Higher grade in retirement for officers following reopening 
              of determination or certification of retired grade.
Sec. 510. Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers of 
              particular merit be placed higher on promotion list.
Sec. 510A. Availability on the internet of certain information about 
              officers serving in general or flag officer grades.
Sec. 510B. Functional badge or insignia upon commission for chaplains.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Modification of grade level threshold for Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 512. Inclusion of STEM in courses of instruction for the Junior 
              Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 513. Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps units.
Sec. 514. Clarification of eligibility to serve as Commander, Marine 
              Forces Reserve.
Sec. 515. Extension and periodic evaluation of suicide prevention and 
              resilience program for the reserve components.
Sec. 516. Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of officers 
              in medical specialties in the reserve components.
Sec. 517. Modernization of inspection authorities applicable to the 
              National Guard.
Sec. 518. Consultation with Chief of the National Guard Bureau in the 
              appointment or designation of National Guard property and 
              fiscal officers.
Sec. 519. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 520. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
              officer unit vacancy promotions by commanders of 
              associated active duty units.
Sec. 520A. Report on methods to enhance domestic response to large 
              scale, complex and catastrophic disasters.
Sec. 520B. Report and briefing on the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
              Corps.
Sec. 520C. Sense of Congress on increase in number of Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps units.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 521. Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards for 
              correction of military records and discharge review 
              boards of certain claims.
Sec. 522. Reduction in required number of members of discharge review 
              boards.
Sec. 523. Establishment of process to review a request for upgrade of 
              discharge or dismissal.
Sec. 524. Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel assigned 
              to duty with a service review agency.
Sec. 525. Training of members of boards for correction of military 
              records and discharge review boards on sexual trauma, 
              intimate partner violence, spousal abuse, and related 
              matters.
Sec. 526. Time requirements for certification of honorable service.
Sec. 527. Correction of certain discharge characterizations.
Sec. 528. Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources of 
              information to determine eligibility of members and 
              former members of the Armed Forces for decorations when 
              the service records are incomplete because of damage to 
              the official record.
Sec. 529. Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion.
Sec. 530. Study regarding screening individuals who seek to enlist in 
              the Armed Forces.
Sec. 530A. Feasibility study regarding notification to Secretary of 
              Homeland Security of honorable discharges of non-
              citizens.
Sec. 530B. Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military 
              judges and military magistrates in the interest of 
              efficiency in military justice.
Sec. 532. Command influence.
Sec. 533. Statute of limitations for certain offenses.
Sec. 534. Public access to dockets, filings, and court records of 
              courts-martial or other records of trial of the military 
              justice system.
Sec. 535. Extension of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
              Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 536. Authority for return of personal property to victims of 
              sexual assault who file a Restricted Report before 
              conclusion of related proceedings.
Sec. 537. Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the 
              Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 538. Notification of significant events and documentation of 
              preference for prosecution jurisdiction for victims of 
              sexual assault.
Sec. 539. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for certain 
              military criminal investigative organizations.
Sec. 540. Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness 
              Assistance Program liaisons.
Sec. 540A. Training for sexual assault initial disposition authorities 
              on exercise of disposition authority for sexual assault 
              and collateral offenses.
Sec. 540B. Training for commanders in the Armed Forces on their role in 
              all stages of military justice in connection with sexual 
              assault.

[[Page H9392]]

Sec. 540C. Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
Sec. 540D. Department of Defense-wide policy and military department-
              specific programs on reinvigoration of the prevention of 
              sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540E. Recommendations on separate punitive article in the Uniform 
              Code of Military Justice on sexual harassment.
Sec. 540F. Report on military justice system involving alternative 
              authority for determining whether to prefer or refer 
              changes for felony offenses under the Uniform Code of 
              Military Justice.
Sec. 540G. Report on standardization among the military departments in 
              collection and presentation of information on matters 
              within the military justice system.
Sec. 540H. Report on expansion of Air Force safe to report policy 
              across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540I. Assessment of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the 
              military justice system.
Sec. 540J. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
              justice system.
Sec. 540K. Report on preservation of recourse to restricted report on 
              sexual assault for victims of sexual assault following 
              certain victim or third-party communications.
Sec. 540L. Report on establishment of guardian ad litem program for 
              certain military dependents who are a victim or witness 
              of an offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice 
              involving abuse or exploitation.
Sec. 540M. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
              implementation by the Armed Forces of recent statutory 
              requirements on sexual assault prevention and response in 
              the military.
Sec. 540N. Sense of Congress on the Port Chicago 50.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Improvement of certain Special Victims' Counsel authorities.
Sec. 542. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel at military 
              installations.
Sec. 543. Notification of issuance of military protective order to 
              civilian law enforcement.
Sec. 544. Copyright protection for civilian faculty of certain 
              accredited institutions.
Sec. 545. Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of 
              servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or illness 
              or die while in military service.
Sec. 546. Military orders required for termination of leases pursuant 
              to the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 547. Preservation of right to bring class action under 
              Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 548. Legal counsel for victims of alleged domestic violence 
              offenses.
Sec. 549. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
              further administrative action following a determination 
              not to refer to trial by court-martial.
Sec. 550. Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender Program 
              for certain purposes.
Sec. 550A. Policies and procedures on registration at military 
              installations of civilian protective orders applicable to 
              members of the Armed Forces assigned to such 
              installations and certain other individuals.
Sec. 550B. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
              Misconduct.
Sec. 550C. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
              justice matters in the States of the military 
              installations to which assigned.
Sec. 550D. Enhancing the capability of military criminal investigative 
              organizations to prevent and combat child sexual 
              exploitation.
Sec. 550E. Feasibility study on establishment of database of military 
              protective orders.
Sec. 550F. GAO review of USERRA and SCRA.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

Sec. 551. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
              Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 552. Inclusion of Coast Guard in Department of Defense STARBASE 
              Program.
Sec. 553. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
              Graduate School; limitation on establishment of certain 
              educational institutions.
Sec. 554. Prohibition on off-duty employment for cadets and midshipmen 
              completing obligated service after graduation.
Sec. 555. Consideration of request for transfer of a cadet or 
              midshipman at a military service academy who is the 
              victim of a sexual assault or related offense.
Sec. 556. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air 
              Force Institute of Technology as the Director and 
              Chancellor of such Institute.
Sec. 557. Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate 
              degree programs of the Community College of the Air 
              Force.
Sec. 558. Speech disorders of cadets and midshipmen.
Sec. 559. Requirement to continue provision of tuition assistance for 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 560. Information on institutions of higher education participating 
              in the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance Program.
Sec. 560A. Inclusion of information on free credit monitoring in annual 
              financial literacy briefing.
Sec. 560B. Programs to facilitate the award of private pilot's 
              certificates.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 561. Requirement to provide information regarding benefits claims 
              to members during TAP counseling.
Sec. 562. Participation of other Federal agencies in the SkillBridge 
              apprenticeship and internship program for members of the 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 563. First modification of elements of report on the improved 
              Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 564. Second modification of elements of report on the improved 
              Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 565. Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps 
              Recruit Depots.
Sec. 566. Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction of 
              the Secretaries of the military departments.
Sec. 567. Review of Department of Defense training programs regarding 
              disinformation campaigns.
Sec. 568. Command matters in connection with transition assistance 
              programs.
Sec. 569. Machine readability and electronic transferability of 
              Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD 
              Form 214).
Sec. 570. Records of service for Reserves.
Sec. 570A. Limitations and requirements in connection with separations 
              for members of the Armed Forces who suffer from mental 
              health conditions in connection with a sex-related, 
              intimate partner violence-related, or spousal-abuse 
              offense.
Sec. 570B. Prohibition on involuntary separation of certain members of 
              the Armed Forces; consideration of military service in 
              removal determinations.
Sec. 570C. Inclusion of question regarding immigration status on 
              preseparation counseling checklist (DD Form 2648).
Sec. 570D. Counseling for members of the Armed Forces who are not 
              citizens of the United States on naturalization in the 
              United States.
Sec. 570E. Pilot program on information sharing between Department of 
              Defense and designated relatives and friends of members 
              of the Armed Forces regarding the experiences and 
              challenges of military service.
Sec. 570F. Connections of members retiring or separating from the Armed 
              Forces with community-based organizations and related 
              entities.
Sec. 570G. Pilot program regarding online application for the 
              Transition Assistance Program.

    Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 571. Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption in 
              more than one increment.
Sec. 572. Deferred deployment for members who give birth.
Sec. 573. Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains of 
              a covered decedent to no more than two places selected by 
              the person designated to direct disposition of the 
              remains.
Sec. 574. Military funeral honors matters.
Sec. 575. Improvement of occupational license portability for relocated 
              spouses of members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 576. Continued eligibility for education and training 
              opportunities for spouses of promoted members.
Sec. 577. Modification to authority to reimburse for State licensure 
              and certification costs of a spouse of a servicemember 
              arising from relocation.
Sec. 578. Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer entitlement 
              under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program.
Sec. 579. Annual State report card.
Sec. 580. Improvements to child care for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 580A. Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses for 
              next of kin.
Sec. 580B. Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with 
              representative groups of survivors of deceased members of 
              the Armed Forces.
Sec. 580C. Information and opportunities for registration for voting 
              and absentee ballot requests for members of the Armed 
              Forces undergoing deployment overseas.
Sec. 580D. Study on two-way military ballot barcode tracking.
Sec. 580E. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 580F. First expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
              for military spouses.
Sec. 580G. Second expansion of the My Career Advancement Account 
              program for military spouses.

[[Page H9393]]

Sec. 580H. Report on training and support available to military 
              spouses.
Sec. 580I. Ri'katak Guest Student Program at United States Army 
              Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Modification of authorities on eligibility for and 
              replacement of gold star lapel buttons.
Sec. 582. Standardization of honorable service requirement for award of 
              military decorations.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. 
              Duffy for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Sec. 584. Review of World War I valor medals.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Clarification of the term ``assault'' for purposes of 
              Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or 
              permanent disabled retirement lists in military adaptive 
              sports programs.
Sec. 593. Questions in surveys regarding extremist activity in the 
              workplace.
Sec. 594. Study on best practices for providing financial literacy 
              education for separating members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 595. Report on oversight of authorized strengths of certain grades 
              of commissioned regular and reserve officers of the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on certain waivers.
Sec. 597. Notifications on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 598. Report regarding use of aerial systems of the Department of 
              Defense to support agencies of States, Territories, and 
              the Federal Government.
Sec. 599. Information for members of the Armed Forces on availability 
              of services of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
              relating to sexual trauma.
Sec. 599A. Authority to issue an honorary promotion to Colonel Charles 
              E. McGee, United States Air Force (ret.), to the grade of 
              brigadier general.
Sec. 599B. Authority to issue an honorary and posthumous promotion to 
              Lieutenant Colonel Richard Cole, United States Air Force 
              (ret.), to the grade of colonel.
Sec. 599C. Sense of Congress on the honorable and distinguished service 
              of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States Marine Corps, 
              to the United States.

                    TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Clarification of continuation of pays during hospitalization 
              and rehabilitation resulting from wounds, injury, or 
              illness incurred while on duty in a hostile fire area or 
              exposed to an event of hostile fire or other hostile 
              action.
Sec. 602. Continued entitlements while a member of the Armed Forces 
              participates in a career intermission program.
Sec. 603. Exemption from repayment of voluntary separation pay.
Sec. 604. Consideration of service on active duty to reduce age of 
              eligibility for retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 605. Temporary adjustment of rates of basic allowance for housing 
              following determination that local civilian housing costs 
              significantly differ from such rates.
Sec. 606. Reinvestment of travel refunds by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 607. Addition of partial dislocation allowance to allowable travel 
              and transportation expenses for servicemembers.
Sec. 608. Reductions on account of earnings from work performed while 
              entitled to an annuity supplement.
Sec. 609. Increase in basic pay.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
              authorities.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Expansion of eligibility for exceptional transitional 
              compensation for dependents to dependents of current 
              members.
Sec. 622. Phase-out of reduction of Survivor Benefit Plan survivor 
              annuities by amount of dependency and indemnity 
              compensation.
Sec. 623. Death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to 
              civilian providers of child care services or youth 
              program services who provide such services to survivors 
              of members of the Armed Forces who die in combat in the 
              line of duty.
Sec. 625. Casualty assistance for survivors of deceased ROTC graduates.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Defense resale system matters.
Sec. 632. Procurement by commissary stores of certain locally sourced 
              products.
Sec. 633. GAO review of defense resale optimization study.

         Subtitle E--Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Privileges

Sec. 641. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
              privileges to Foreign Service officers on mandatory home 
              leave.
Sec. 642. Extension of pilot program on a Government lodging program.

                 Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 651. Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation of 
              retired general or flag officers by foreign governments 
              for emoluments clause purposes.
Sec. 652. Report regarding transition from overseas housing allowance 
              to basic allowance for housing for servicemembers in the 
              territories.
Sec. 653. Report on extension to members of the reserve components of 
              the Armed Forces of special and incentive pays for 
              members of the Armed Forces not currently payable to 
              members of the reserve components.
Sec. 654. Study regarding recoupment of separation pay, special 
              separation benefits, and voluntary separation incentive 
              payments from members of the Armed Forces and veterans 
              who receive disability compensation under laws 
              administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 655. Report on implementation of contributions to the Department 
              of Defense Military Retirement Fund based on pay costs 
              per Armed Force rather than on Armed Forces-wide basis.
Sec. 656. Report on food insecurity among members of the Armed Forces 
              and their dependents.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select for 
              certain members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 702. TRICARE payment options for retirees and their dependents.
Sec. 703. Lead level screening and testing for children.
Sec. 704. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals or 
              other airborne contaminants as part of periodic health 
              assessments and other physical examinations.
Sec. 705. Enhancement of recordkeeping with respect to exposure by 
              members of the Armed Forces to certain occupational and 
              environmental hazards while deployed overseas.
Sec. 706. Modifications to post-deployment mental health assessments 
              for members of the Armed Forces deployed in support of a 
              contingency operation.
Sec. 707. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of 
              Defense to determine exposure to perfluoroalkyl and 
              polyfluoroalkyl substances.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of organization of military health system.
Sec. 712. Support by military health system of medical requirements of 
              combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Requirements for certain prescription drug labels.
Sec. 714. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.
Sec. 715. Improvements to interagency program office of the Department 
              of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 716. Expansion of strategy to improve acquisition of managed care 
              support contracts under TRICARE program.
Sec. 717. Inclusion of blast exposure history in medical records of 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive policy for provision of mental health care to 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 719. Limitation on the realignment or reduction of military 
              medical manning end strength.
Sec. 720. Strategy to recruit and retain mental health providers.
Sec. 721. Development of partnerships to improve combat casualty care 
              for personnel of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 722. Modification to referrals for mental health services.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Authorization of claims by members of the uniformed services 
              against the United States for personal injury or death 
              caused by medical malpractice.
Sec. 732. Extension and clarification of authority for Joint Department 
              of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical 
              Facility Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 733. Appointment of non-ex officio members of the Henry M. Jackson 
              Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.
Sec. 734. Establishment of Academic Health System in National Capital 
              Region.
Sec. 735. Provision of veterinary services by veterinary professionals 
              of the Department of Defense in emergencies.
Sec. 736. Three-year extension of authority to continue the DOD-VA 
              Health Care Sharing Incentive Fund.
Sec. 737. Preservation of resources of the Army Medical Research and 
              Materiel Command and continuation as Center of 
              Excellence.

[[Page H9394]]

Sec. 738. Encouragement of participation in Women's Health Transition 
              Training pilot program.
Sec. 739. National Guard suicide prevention pilot program.
Sec. 740. Pilot Program on civilian and military partnerships to 
              enhance interoperability and medical surge capability and 
              capacity of National Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 741. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
              suicide prevention programs and activities of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 742. Modification of requirements for longitudinal medical study 
              on blast pressure exposure of members of the Armed Forces 
              and collection of exposure information.
Sec. 743. Study and plan on the use of military-civilian integrated 
              health delivery systems.
Sec. 744. Study on case management in the military health system.
Sec. 745. Report on Global Health Security Strategy and the National 
              Biodefense Security.
Sec. 746. Study on establishment of wounded warrior service dog 
              program.
Sec. 747. GAO report on Department of Defense quality assurance program 
              and impacts of medical malpractice actions.
Sec. 748. Reports on Millennium Cohort Study relating to women members 
              of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 749. Study on effects of sleep deprivation on readiness of members 
              of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 750. Study and report on traumatic brain injury mitigation 
              efforts.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 800. Authority for continuous integration and delivery of software 
              applications and upgrades to embedded systems.
Sec. 801. Pilot program on intellectual property evaluation for 
              acquisition programs.
Sec. 802. Pilot program to use alpha contracting teams for complex 
              requirements.
Sec. 803. Failure to provide other than certified cost or pricing data 
              upon request.
Sec. 804. Comptroller General report on price reasonableness.
Sec. 805. Limitation on transfer of funds related to cost overruns and 
              cost underruns.
Sec. 806. Standardizing data collection and reporting on use of source 
              selection procedures by Federal agencies.
Sec. 807. Department of Defense use of fixed-price contracts.
Sec. 808. Repeal of continuation of data rights during challenges.
Sec. 809. Repeal of authority to waive acquisition laws to acquire 
              vital national security capabilities.
Sec. 810. Repeal of the Defense Cost Accounting Standards Board.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 815. Modification of Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
              report.
Sec. 816. Modification of written approval requirement for task and 
              delivery order single contract awards.
Sec. 817. Responsibility for data analysis and requirements validation 
              for services contracts.
Sec. 818. Documentation of market research related to commercial item 
              determinations.
Sec. 819. Availability of data on the use of other transaction 
              authority and report on the use of authority to carry out 
              prototype projects.
Sec. 820. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.
Sec. 821. Modification to acquisition authority of the Commander of the 
              United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 822. Extension of Never Contract With the Enemy.
Sec. 823. Modification of justification and approval requirement for 
              certain Department of Defense contracts.
Sec. 824. Extension of sunset relating to Federal Data Center 
              Consolidation Initiative.
Sec. 825. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing 
              processes.
Sec. 826. Uniformity in application of micro-purchase threshold to 
              certain task or delivery orders.
Sec. 827. Requirement for cost estimates on models of commercial e-
              commerce portal program.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 830. Modification of requirements for reporting to Congress on 
              certain acquisition programs.
Sec. 831. Pilot program to streamline decision-making processes for 
              weapon systems.
Sec. 832. Analysis of alternatives pursuant to materiel development 
              decisions.
Sec. 833. Naval vessel certification required before Milestone B 
              approval.

       Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System

Sec. 835. Extramural acquisition innovation and research activities.
Sec. 836. Report on realignment of the defense acquisition system to 
              implement acquisition reforms.
Sec. 837. Report and limitation on the availability of funds relating 
              to the ``middle tier'' of acquisition programs.
Sec. 838. Report on intellectual property policy and the cadre of 
              intellectual property experts.
Sec. 839. Guidance and reports relating to covered defense business 
              systems.
Sec. 840. Implementation guidance for use of a modular open system 
              approach.
Sec. 841. Limitation on availability of funds for the Office of the 
              Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.

                  Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 845. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure integrity of 
              industrial base.
Sec. 846. Report requirements for the national technology and 
              industrial base.
Sec. 847. Mitigating risks related to foreign ownership, control, or 
              influence of Department of Defense contractors or 
              subcontractors.
Sec. 848. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
              unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 849. Modification of prohibition on acquisition of sensitive 
              materials from non-allied foreign nations.
Sec. 850. Acquisition and disposal of certain rare earth materials.
Sec. 851. Pilot program for development of technology-enhanced 
              capabilities with partnership intermediaries.
Sec. 852. Authorized official to carry out the procurement technical 
              assistance cooperative agreement program.
Sec. 853. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
              the national technology and industrial base.
Sec. 854. Addition of domestically produced stainless steel flatware 
              and dinnerware to the Berry Amendment.
Sec. 855. Application of miscellaneous technology base policies and 
              programs to the Columbia-class submarine program.
Sec. 856. Application of limitation on procurement of goods other than 
              United States goods to the FFG-Frigate Program.
Sec. 857. Sense of Congress regarding consideration of price in 
              procurement of the FFG(X) frigate.

        Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 860. Establishment of Defense Civilian Training Corps.
Sec. 861. Defense acquisition workforce certification, education, and 
              career fields.
Sec. 862. Software development and software acquisition training and 
              management programs.
Sec. 863. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of 
              Defense employees to a private-sector organization.
Sec. 864. Incentives and consideration for qualified training programs.
Sec. 865. Use of qualified apprentices by military construction 
              contractors.

                   Subtitle G--Small Business Matters

Sec. 870. Requirements relating to credit for certain small business 
              concern subcontractors.
Sec. 871. Inclusion of best in class designations in annual report on 
              small business goals.
Sec. 872. Reauthorization and improvement of Department of Defense 
              Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 873. Accelerated payments applicable to contracts with certain 
              small business concerns under the Prompt Payment Act.
Sec. 874. Postaward explanations for unsuccessful offerors for certain 
              contracts.
Sec. 875. Small business contracting credit for subcontractors that are 
              Puerto Rico businesses or covered territory businesses.
Sec. 876. Technical amendment regarding treatment of certain surviving 
              spouses under the definition of small business concern 
              owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans.
Sec. 877. Extension of loan assistance and deferral eligibility to 
              reservists and members of the National Guard beyond 
              periods of military conflict.
Sec. 878. Modification to the Defense Research and Development Rapid 
              Innovation Program.
Sec. 879. Alignment of the Department of Defense Small Business 
              Innovation Research Program and Small Business Technology 
              Transfer Program with the National Defense Science and 
              Technology Strategy.
Sec. 880. Assistance for small business concerns participating in the 
              SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 881. Cybersecurity technical assistance for SBIR and STTR 
              programs.
Sec. 882. Funding for defense research activities of small business 
              concerns.
Sec. 883. Modifications to budget display requirements for the 
              Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research 
              Program and Small Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 884. Pilot program for domestic investment under the SBIR program.

[[Page H9395]]

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 885. Review of guidance to contractors on nondiscrimination on the 
              basis of sex.
Sec. 886. Comptroller General report on contractor violations of 
              certain labor laws.
Sec. 887. Comptroller General report on contingency contracting.
Sec. 888. Policies and procedures for contractors to report gross 
              violations of internationally recognized human rights.
Sec. 889. Comptroller General report on oversight of contractors 
              providing private security functions.
Sec. 890. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have business 
              operations with the Maduro regime.
Sec. 891. Report on the Combating Trafficking in Persons initiative.
Sec. 892. Improved management of information technology and cyberspace 
              investments.
Sec. 893. Modification to requirements for purchase of commercial 
              leasing services pursuant to multiple award contracts.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Headquarters activities of the Department of Defense matters.
Sec. 902. Clarifying the roles and responsibilities of the Under 
              Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and 
              the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
              Engineering.
Sec. 903. Return to Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
              Defense of responsibility for business systems and 
              related matters.
Sec. 904. Assessments of responsibilities and authorities of the Chief 
              Management Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 905. Senior Military Advisor for Cyber Policy and Deputy Principal 
              Cyber Advisor.
Sec. 906. Exclusion from limitations on personnel in the Office of the 
              Secretary of Defense and Department of Defense 
              headquarters of fellows appointed under the John S. 
              McCain Defense Fellows Program.

Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 911. Codification of Assistant Secretaries for Energy, 
              Installations, and Environment of the Army, Navy, and Air 
              Force.

  Subtitle C--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                Matters

Sec. 921. Prohibition on ownership or trading of stocks in certain 
              companies by certain officials of the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 922. Limitation on consolidation of Defense Media Activity.
Sec. 923. Report on resources to implement the civilian casualty policy 
              of the Department of Defense.

                 Subtitle D--United States Space Force

Sec. 951. Short title.
Sec. 952. The Space Force.
Sec. 953. Chief of Space Operations.
Sec. 954. Space Force Acquisition Council.
Sec. 955. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Space Policy.
Sec. 956. Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Space Acquisition 
              and Integration.
Sec. 957. Service Acquisition Executive of the Department of the Air 
              Force for Space Systems and Programs.
Sec. 958. Conforming amendments and clarification of authorities.
Sec. 959. Effects on military installations.
Sec. 960. Availability of funds.
Sec. 961. Implementation.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Defense Business Audit Remediation Plan.
Sec. 1003. Financial improvement and audit remediation plan.
Sec. 1004. Reporting requirements relating to Department of Defense 
              audits.
Sec. 1005. Inclusion of certain military construction projects in 
              annual reports on unfunded priorities of the Armed Forces 
              and the combatant commands.
Sec. 1006. Prohibition on delegation of responsibility for submittal to 
              Congress of Out-Year Unconstrained Total Munitions 
              Requirements and Out-Year Inventory numbers.
Sec. 1007. Annual budget justification display for service-common and 
              other support and enabling capabilities for special 
              operations forces.
Sec. 1008. Element in annual reports on the Financial Improvement and 
              Audit Remediation Plan on activities with respect to 
              classified programs.
Sec. 1009. Plan of the Department of Defense for financial management 
              information.
Sec. 1010. Update of authorities and renaming of Department of Defense 
              Acquisition Workforce Development Fund.
Sec. 1011. Transparency of accounting firms used to support Department 
              of Defense audit.
Sec. 1012. Modification of required elements of annual reports on 
              emergency and extraordinary expenses of the Department of 
              Defense.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1021. Modification of authority to support a unified counterdrug 
              and counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1022. Extension of authority for joint task forces to provide 
              support to law enforcement agencies conducting counter-
              terrorism activities.
Sec. 1023. Sense of Congress regarding Department of Defense 
              counterdrug activities in the transit zone and Caribbean 
              basin.
Sec. 1024. Assessment of impact of any planned or proposed border wall 
              on volume of illegal narcotics.

                       Subtitle C--Naval Vessels

Sec. 1031. Modification of authority to purchase vessels using funds in 
              National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1032. Use of National Defense Sealift Fund for procurement of two 
              used vessels.
Sec. 1033. Transportation by sea of supplies for the Armed Forces and 
              Defense Agencies.
Sec. 1034. Senior Technical Authority for each naval vessel class.
Sec. 1035. Permanent authority for sustaining operational readiness of 
              littoral combat ships on extended deployment.
Sec. 1036. Formal training for shipboard system programs of record.
Sec. 1037. Report on shipbuilder training and the defense industrial 
              base.
Sec. 1038. Use of competitive procedures for CVN-80 and CVN-81 dual 
              aircraft carrier contract.
Sec. 1039. Report on expanding naval vessel maintenance.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1041. Modification of support of special operations to combat 
              terrorism.
Sec. 1042. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
              release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
              Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1043. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
              release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
              Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1044. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
              modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
              transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
              Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1045. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
              relinquish control of United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1046. Chief Medical Officer at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1047. Independent assessment on gender and countering violent 
              extremism.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Scheduling of Department of Defense executive aircraft 
              controlled by Secretaries of military departments.
Sec. 1052. Explosive ordnance defense disposal program.
Sec. 1053. Technical correction and extension of reporting requirement 
              regarding enhancement of information sharing and 
              coordination of military training between Department of 
              Homeland Security and Department of Defense.
Sec. 1054. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.
Sec. 1055. Revision to authorities relating to mail service for members 
              of the Armed Forces and Department of Defense civilians 
              overseas.
Sec. 1056. Access to and use of military post offices by United States 
              citizens employed overseas by the North Atlantic Treaty 
              Organization who perform functions in support of military 
              operations of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 1057. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense intelligence 
              and counterintelligence activities.
Sec. 1058. Limitation on use of funds for the inactivation of Army 
              watercraft units.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 1101. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency personnel 
              management authority.
Sec. 1102. Report on the probationary period for Department of Defense 
              employees.
Sec. 1103. Civilian personnel management.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
              allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian 
              personnel on official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
              on premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for 
              Federal civilian employees working overseas.

[[Page H9396]]

Sec. 1106. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.
Sec. 1107. Extension of direct hire authority for domestic industrial 
              base facilities and Major Range and Test Facilities Base.
Sec. 1108. Authority to provide additional allowances and benefits for 
              certain Defense Clandestine Service employees.
Sec. 1109. Modification of direct hire authorities for the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 1110. Designating certain FEHBP and FEGLI services provided by 
              Federal employees as excepted services under the Anti-
              Deficiency Act.
Sec. 1111. Continuing supplemental dental and vision benefits and long-
              term care insurance coverage during a Government 
              shutdown.
Sec. 1112. Limitation on transfer of Office of Personnel Management.
Sec. 1113. Assessment of Accelerated Promotion Program suspension.
Sec. 1114. Reimbursement for Federal, State, and local income taxes 
              incurred during travel, transportation, and relocation.
Sec. 1115. Clarification of limitation on expedited hiring authority 
              for post-secondary students.
Sec. 1116. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of 
              Defense employees to a private-sector organization.
Sec. 1117. Extension of authority for part-time reemployment.

                      Subtitle B--Fair Chance Act

Sec. 1121. Short title.
Sec. 1122. Prohibition on criminal history inquiries prior to 
              conditional offer for Federal employment.
Sec. 1123. Prohibition on criminal history inquiries by contractors 
              prior to conditional offer.
Sec. 1124. Report on employment of individuals formerly incarcerated in 
              Federal prisons.

                     Subtitle C--ATC Hiring Reform

Sec. 1131. Short title; definition.
Sec. 1132. Hiring of air traffic control specialists.
Sec. 1133. Ensuring hiring preference for applicants with experience at 
              an air traffic control facility of the National Guard.
Sec. 1134. FAA reports on air traffic controller hiring and training.
Sec. 1135. DOT Inspector General review and report.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification of authority to build capacity of foreign 
              security forces.
Sec. 1202. Modification and extension of cross servicing agreements for 
              loan of personnel protection and personnel survivability 
              equipment in coalition operations.
Sec. 1203. Modifications of authorities relating to acquisition and 
              cross-servicing agreements.
Sec. 1204. Modification of quarterly report on obligation and 
              expenditure of funds for security cooperation programs 
              and activities.
Sec. 1205. Gender perspectives and participation by women in security 
              cooperation activities.
Sec. 1206. Plan to provide consistency of administration of authorities 
              relating to vetting of units of security forces of 
              foreign countries; modification of assessment, 
              monitoring, and evaluation of security cooperation 
              programs and activities.
Sec. 1207. Extension of authority for support of special operations for 
              irregular warfare.
Sec. 1208. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
              Program and elimination of certain payments to redress 
              injury and loss.
Sec. 1209. Two-year extension of program authority for Global Security 
              Contingency Fund.
Sec. 1210. Legal institutional capacity building initiative for foreign 
              defense institutions.
Sec. 1210A. Department of Defense support for stabilization activities 
              in national security interest of the United States.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
              provide defense services to the military and security 
              forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority to acquire products 
              and services produced in countries along a major route of 
              supply to Afghanistan.
Sec. 1213. Authority for certain payments to redress injury and loss.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of semiannual report on enhancing 
              security and stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Special Immigrant Visa program reporting requirement.
Sec. 1216. Meaningful inclusion of Afghan women in peace negotiations.
Sec. 1217. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
              certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
              States military operations.
Sec. 1218. Support for reconciliation activities led by the Government 
              of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1219. Modification and extension of the Afghan Special Immigrant 
              Visa Program.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Modification of authority and limitation on use of funds to 
              provide assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq 
              and Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide 
              assistance to vetted Syrian groups and individuals.
Sec. 1223. Modification of authority to support operations and 
              activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Establishing a coordinator for detained ISIS members and 
              relevant displaced populations in Syria.
Sec. 1225. Report on lessons learned from efforts to liberate Mosul and 
              Raqqah from control of the Islamic State of Iraq and 
              Syria.
Sec. 1226. Expansion of availability of financial assets of Iran to 
              victims of terrorism.
Sec. 1227. Report on the status of deconfliction channels with Iran.
Sec. 1228. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
              support to certain organizations.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
              United States and Russia.
Sec. 1232. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
              of Russia over Crimea.
Sec. 1233. Sense of Congress on updating and modernizing existing 
              agreements to avert miscalculation between the United 
              States and Russia.
Sec. 1234. United States participation in Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1235. Modifications of briefing, notification, and reporting 
              requirements relating to non-compliance by the Russian 
              Federation with its obligations under the INF Treaty.
Sec. 1236. Report on treaties relating to nuclear arms control.
Sec. 1237. Reports relating to the New START Treaty.
Sec. 1238. Report on military activities of the Russian Federation and 
              the People's Republic of China in the Arctic region.
Sec. 1239. Updated strategy to counter the threat of malign influence 
              by the Russian Federation and other countries.

            Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1241. Sense of Congress on support for the North Atlantic Treaty 
              Organization.
Sec. 1242. Prohibition on the use of funds to suspend, terminate, or 
              provide notice of denunciation of the North Atlantic 
              Treaty.
Sec. 1243. Future years plans and planning transparency for the 
              European Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1244. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
              Initiative.
Sec. 1245. Limitation on transfer of F-35 aircraft to Turkey.
Sec. 1246. Baltic defense assessment; extension and modification of 
              security assistance for Baltic countries for joint 
              program for interoperability and deterrence against 
              aggression.
Sec. 1247. Extension of authority for and report on training for 
              Eastern European national security forces in the course 
              of multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1248. Extension and modification of NATO Special Operations 
              Headquarters.
Sec. 1249. North Atlantic Treaty Organization Joint Force Command.
Sec. 1250. Report on North Atlantic Treaty Organization Readiness 
              Initiative.
Sec. 1250A. Repeal of prohibition on transfer of articles on the United 
              States munitions list to the Republic of Cyprus.

        Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Modification of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative.
Sec. 1252. Expansion of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative and 
              limitation on use of funds.
Sec. 1253. Report on resourcing United States defense requirements for 
              the Indo-Pacific region and study on competitive 
              strategies.
Sec. 1254. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
              members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who 
              are deployed to South Korea.
Sec. 1255. Report on direct, indirect, and burden-sharing contributions 
              of Japan and South Korea.
Sec. 1256. Sense of Congress on security commitments to the Governments 
              of Japan and the Republic of Korea and trilateral 
              cooperation among the United States, Japan, and the 
              Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1257. Sense of Congress on North Korea.

[[Page H9397]]

Sec. 1258. Statement of policy and sense of Congress on, and strategy 
              to fulfill obligations under, Mutual Defense Treaty with 
              the Republic of the Philippines.
Sec. 1259. Report on security cooperation with the Philippine National 
              Police.
Sec. 1260. Modification of annual report on military and security 
              developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1260A. Report on foreign military activities in Pacific Island 
              countries.
Sec. 1260B. Report on cybersecurity activities with Taiwan.
Sec. 1260C. Review and report related to the Taiwan Relations Act.
Sec. 1260D. Sense of Congress on enhancement of the United States-
              Taiwan defense relationship.
Sec. 1260E. Chinese foreign direct investment in countries of the 
              Arctic region.
Sec. 1260F. Sense of Congress on policy toward Hong Kong.
Sec. 1260G. Sense of Congress on enhancing defense and security 
              cooperation with the Republic of Singapore.
Sec. 1260H. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1260I. Limitation on removal of Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. from 
              entity list of Bureau of Industry and Security.
Sec. 1260J. Report on ZTE compliance with Superseding Settlement 
              Agreement and Superseding Order.
Sec. 1260K. Report on the lay-down of United States Marines in the 
              Indo-Pacific Region.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1261. Modification to report on legal and policy frameworks for 
              the use of military force.
Sec. 1262. Independent review of sufficiency of resources available to 
              United States Southern Command and United States Africa 
              Command.
Sec. 1263. United States Central Command posture assessment and review.
Sec. 1264. Limitation on production of nuclear proliferation assessment 
              statements.
Sec. 1265. Western Hemisphere resource assessment.
Sec. 1266. Human rights in Brazil.
Sec. 1267. Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala.
Sec. 1268. Independent analysis of human rights situation in Honduras.
Sec. 1269. Briefing on strategy to improve the efforts of the Nigerian 
              military to prevent, mitigate, and respond to civilian 
              harm.
Sec. 1270. Report on implications of Chinese military presence in 
              Djibouti.
Sec. 1271. Rule of construction on the permanent stationing of United 
              States Armed Forces in Somalia.
Sec. 1272. Defense and diplomatic strategy for Libya.
Sec. 1273. Prohibition on in-flight refueling to non-United States 
              aircraft that engage in hostilities in the ongoing civil 
              war in Yemen.
Sec. 1274. Report on Saudi-led coalition strikes in Yemen.
Sec. 1275. Reports on expenses incurred for in-flight refueling of 
              Saudi coalition aircraft conducting missions relating to 
              civil war in Yemen.
Sec. 1276. Report on Saudi Arabia's human rights record.
Sec. 1277. Report on intelligence community assessment relating to the 
              killing of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi.
Sec. 1278. United States-Israel cooperation to counter unmanned aerial 
              systems.
Sec. 1279. Extension and modification of authority for United States-
              Israel anti-tunnel cooperation activities.
Sec. 1280. Report on cost imposition strategy.
Sec. 1281. Modification of initiative to support protection of national 
              security academic researchers from undue influence and 
              other security threats.
Sec. 1282. Modification of responsibility for policy on civilian 
              casualty matters.
Sec. 1283. Report on export of certain satellites to entities with 
              certain beneficial ownership structures.
Sec. 1284. Rule of construction relating to the use of military force.
Sec. 1285. Reports and briefings on use of military force and support 
              of partner forces.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat 
              reduction funds.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
              Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
              Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health 
              Care Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
              Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Treatment as additional authorizations.

 Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations for Overseas Contingency 
                               Operations

Sec. 1511. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1512. Procurement.
Sec. 1513.  Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1514. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1515. Military personnel.
Sec. 1516. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1517. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1518. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1519. Defense health program.
Sec. 1520. Afghanistan security forces fund.
Sec. 1520A. Special transfer authority.

  Subtitle B--Authorization of Appropriations for Emergency Funds for 
                        Recovery and Restoration

Sec. 1521. Procurement.
Sec. 1522. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1523. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1524. Restriction on transfer of funds authorized by this 
              subtitle.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Repeal of requirement to establish United States Space 
              Command as a subordinate unified command of the United 
              States Strategic Command.
Sec. 1602. Coordination of modernization efforts relating to military-
              code capable GPS receiver cards.
Sec. 1603. Demonstration of backup and complementary positioning, 
              navigation, and timing capabilities of Global Positioning 
              System.
Sec. 1604. Annual determination on plan on full integration and 
              exploitation of overhead persistent infrared capability.
Sec. 1605. Space-based environmental monitoring mission requirements.
Sec. 1606. Resilient enterprise ground architecture.
Sec. 1607. Prototype program for multi-global navigation satellite 
              system receiver development.
Sec. 1608. Commercial space situational awareness capabilities.
Sec. 1609. Program to enhance and improve launch support and 
              infrastructure.
Sec. 1610. Preparation to implement plan for use of allied launch 
              vehicles.
Sec. 1611. Independent study on plan for deterrence in space.
Sec. 1612. Study on leveraging diverse commercial satellite remote 
              sensing capabilities.
Sec. 1613. Annual report on Space Command and Control program.
Sec. 1614. Report on space debris.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Redesignation of Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence 
              as Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and 
              Security.
Sec. 1622. Modifications to ISR Integration Council and annual briefing 
              requirements.
Sec. 1623. Modification of annual authorization of appropriations for 
              National Flagship Language Initiative.
Sec. 1624. Improving the onboarding methodology for intelligence 
              personnel.
Sec. 1625. Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency activities 
              on facilitating access to local criminal records 
              historical data.
Sec. 1626. Survey and report on alignment of intelligence collections 
              capabilities and activities with Department of Defense 
              requirements.
Sec. 1627. Reports on Consolidated Adjudication Facility of the Defense 
              Counterintelligence and Security Agency.
Sec. 1628. Report on the expanded purview of the Defense 
              Counterintelligence and Security Agency.
Sec. 1629. Termination of requirement for Department of Defense 
              facility access clearances for joint ventures composed of 
              previously-cleared entities.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1631. Matters relating to military operations in the information 
              environment.
Sec. 1632. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
              operations.
Sec. 1633. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon systems 
              of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1634. Quarterly assessments of the readiness of Cyber Mission 
              Forces.
Sec. 1635. Cyber posture review.
Sec. 1636. Modification of elements of assessment required for 
              termination of dual-hat arrangement for Commander of the 
              United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1637. Modification of cyber scholarship program.
Sec. 1638. Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a cyber 
              incident.
Sec. 1639. Extension of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1640. Authority to use operation and maintenance funds for cyber 
              operations-peculiar capability development projects.

[[Page H9398]]

Sec. 1641. Role of Chief Information Officer in improving enterprise-
              wide cybersecurity.
Sec. 1642. Notification of delegation of authorities to the Secretary 
              of Defense for military operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1643. Limitation of funding for Consolidated Afloat Networks and 
              Enterprise Services.
Sec. 1644. Annual military cyberspace operations report.
Sec. 1645. Annual report on cyber attacks and intrusions against the 
              Department of Defense by certain foreign entities.
Sec. 1646. Control and analysis of Department of Defense data stolen 
              through cyberspace.
Sec. 1647. Use of National Security Agency cybersecurity expertise to 
              support evaluation of commercial cybersecurity products.
Sec. 1648. Framework to enhance cybersecurity of the United States 
              defense industrial base.
Sec. 1649. Report on cybersecurity training programs.
Sec. 1650. National Security Presidential Memorandums relating to 
              Department of Defense operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1651. Reorientation of Big Data Platform program.
Sec. 1652. Zero-based review of Department of Defense cyber and 
              information technology personnel.
Sec. 1653. Study on improving cyber career paths in the Navy.
Sec. 1654. Accreditation standards and processes for cybersecurity and 
              information technology products and services.
Sec. 1655. Study on future cyber warfighting capabilities of Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 1656. Study to determine the optimal strategy for structuring and 
              manning elements of the Joint Force Headquarters-Cyber 
              Organizations, Joint Mission Operations Centers, and 
              Cyber Operations-Integrated Planning Elements.
Sec. 1657. Cyber governance structures and Principal Cyber Advisors on 
              military cyber force matters.
Sec. 1658. Designation of test networks for testing and accreditation 
              of cybersecurity products and services.
Sec. 1659. Consortia of universities to advise Secretary of Defense on 
              cybersecurity matters.
Sec. 1660. Joint assessment of Department of Defense cyber red team 
              capabilities, capacity, demand, and requirements.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1661. Conforming amendment to Council on Oversight of the National 
              Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System.
Sec. 1662. Modification of authorities relating to nuclear command, 
              control, and communications system.
Sec. 1663. Briefings on meetings held by Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1664. Consideration of budget matters at meetings of Nuclear 
              Weapons Council.
Sec. 1665. Improvement to annual report on the modernization of the 
              nuclear weapons enterprise.
Sec. 1666. Expansion of officials required to conduct biennial 
              assessments of delivery platforms for nuclear weapons and 
              nuclear command and control system.
Sec. 1667. Extension of annual briefing on costs of forward-deploying 
              nuclear weapons in Europe.
Sec. 1668. Elimination of conventional requirement for long-range 
              standoff weapon.
Sec. 1669. Briefing on long-range standoff weapon and sea-launched 
              cruise missile.
Sec. 1670. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for mobile 
              variant of ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1671. Reports on development of ground-based strategic deterrent 
              weapon.
Sec. 1672. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
              missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1673. Independent study on policy of no-first-use of nuclear 
              weapons.
Sec. 1674. Independent study on risks of nuclear terrorism and nuclear 
              war.
Sec. 1675. Report on military-to-military dialogue to reduce risks of 
              miscalculation leading to nuclear war.
Sec. 1676. Report on nuclear forces of the United States and near-peer 
              countries.
Sec. 1677. Report on operation of conventional forces of military 
              departments under employment or threat of employment of 
              nuclear weapons.
Sec. 1678. Report on operation of conventional forces of certain 
              combatant commands under employment or threat of 
              employment of nuclear weapons.
Sec. 1679. Briefings on plan for future-systems-level architecture of 
              nuclear command, control, and communications systems.
Sec. 1680. Sense of Congress on nuclear deterrence commitments of the 
              United States.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1681. National missile defense policy.
Sec. 1682. Development of space-based ballistic missile intercept 
              layer.
Sec. 1683. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
              space sensor payload.
Sec. 1684. Modifications to required testing by Missile Defense Agency 
              of ground-based midcourse defense element of ballistic 
              missile defense system.
Sec. 1685. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
              cooperative missile defense program co-development and 
              co-production.
Sec. 1686. Limitation on availability of funds for lower tier air and 
              missile defense sensor.
Sec. 1687. Plan for the redesigned kill vehicle replacement.
Sec. 1688. Organization, authorities, and billets of the Missile 
              Defense Agency.
Sec. 1689. Annual assessment of ballistic missile defense system.
Sec. 1690. Command and control, battle management, and communications 
              program.
Sec. 1691. Missile defense interceptor site in contiguous United 
              States.
Sec. 1692. Independent study on impacts of missile defense development 
              and deployment.
Sec. 1693. Report and briefing on multi-volume kill capability.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1694. Extension of authorization for protection of certain 
              facilities and assets from unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 1695. Repeal of requirement for commission on electromagnetic 
              pulse attacks and similar events.
Sec. 1696. Repeal of review requirement for ammonium perchlorate 
              report.
Sec. 1697. Transferability of conventional prompt global strike weapon 
              system technologies to surface-launched platforms.
Sec. 1698. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain offensive 
              ground-launched ballistic or cruise missile systems.
Sec. 1699. Hard and deeply buried targets.

                 TITLE XVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

                    Subtitle A--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1701. Modification of annual reporting requirements on defense 
              manpower.
Sec. 1702. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
              certain recurring reports.
Sec. 1703. Modification of annual report on civilian casualties in 
              connection with United States military operations.
Sec. 1704. Extension of requirement for briefings on the national 
              biodefense strategy.
Sec. 1705. Authorization of appropriations for title III of the Defense 
              Production Act of 1950.
Sec. 1706. Report on the Department of Defense plan for mass-casualty 
              disaster response operations in the Arctic.
Sec. 1707. Transmittal to Congress of requests for assistance from 
              other departments of the Federal Government that are 
              approved by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1708. Report and briefing on implementation of national defense 
              strategy.
Sec. 1709. Actions to increase analytic support.
Sec. 1710. Inclusion of certain individuals investigated by Inspectors 
              General in the semiannual report.
Sec. 1711. Annual report on Joint Military Information Support 
              Operations Web Operations Center.
Sec. 1712. Mobility capability requirements study.
Sec. 1713. Assessment of special operations force structure.
Sec. 1714. Army aviation strategic plan and modernization roadmap.
Sec. 1715. Report on ground-based long-range artillery to counter land 
              and maritime threats.
Sec. 1716. Independent review of transportation working-capital fund.
Sec. 1717. Geographic command risk assessment of proposed use of 
              certain aircraft capabilities.
Sec. 1718. Report on backlog of personnel security clearance 
              adjudications.
Sec. 1719. Report regarding outstanding Government Accountability 
              Office recommendations.
Sec. 1720. Report on National Guard and United States Northern Command 
              capacity to meet homeland defense and security incidents.
Sec. 1721. Assessment of standards, processes, procedures, and policy 
              relating to civilian casualties.
Sec. 1722. Report on transfers of equipment to prohibited entities.
Sec. 1723. Annual report on strikes undertaken by the United States 
              against terrorist targets outside areas of active 
              hostilities.
Sec. 1724. Review and assessment of mitigation of military helicopter 
              noise.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1731. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1732. Establishment of lead Inspector General for an overseas 
              contingency operation based on Secretary of Defense 
              notification.

[[Page H9399]]

Sec. 1733. Clarification of authority of Inspectors General for 
              overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1734. Employment status of annuitants for Inspectors General for 
              overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1735. Extension of National Security Commission on Artificial 
              Intelligence.
Sec. 1736. Exemption from calculation of monthly income, for purposes 
              of bankruptcy laws, of certain payments from the 
              Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 1737. Extension of postage stamp for breast cancer research.
Sec. 1738. National Commission on Military Aviation Safety.
Sec. 1739. Guarantee of residency for spouses of members of the 
              uniformed services.
Sec. 1740. Electromagnetic pulses and geomagnetic disturbances.
Sec. 1741. Improvements to Manufacturing USA Program.
Sec. 1742. Regional innovation program.
Sec. 1743. Aviation workforce development.
Sec. 1744. Oversight of Department of Defense execute orders.
Sec. 1745. Processes and procedures for notifications regarding special 
              operations forces.
Sec. 1746. Securing American science and technology.
Sec. 1747. Standardized policy guidance for calculating aircraft 
              operation and sustainment costs.
Sec. 1748. Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 1749. Prohibition on names related to the Confederacy.
Sec. 1750. Support for National Maritime Heritage Grants program.
Sec. 1751. Support for world language advancement and readiness.
Sec. 1752. Designation of Department of Defense strategic Arctic ports.
Sec. 1753. Independent studies regarding potential cost savings with 
              respect to the nuclear security enterprise and force 
              structure .
Sec. 1754. Comprehensive Department of Defense policy on collective 
              self-defense.
Sec. 1755. Policy regarding the transition of data and applications to 
              the cloud.
Sec. 1756. Integrated public alert and warning system.
Sec. 1757. Improving quality of information in background investigation 
              request packages.
Sec. 1758. Parole in place for members of the Armed Forces and certain 
              military dependents.
Sec. 1759. Report on reducing the backlog in legally required 
              historical declassification obligations of the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 1760. Military type certification for light attack experimentation 
              aircraft.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
              specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2019 projects.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2017 project.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authorities to carry out phased Joint 
              Intelligence Analysis Complex consolidation.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2016 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2017 project.
Sec. 2308. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2018 projects.
Sec. 2309. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2019 projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
              Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.

                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
              construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
              closure activities funded through Department of Defense 
              base closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
              closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

               Subtitle A--Military Construction Program

Sec. 2801. Military installation resilience plans and projects.
Sec. 2802. Improved consultation with tribal governments when proposed 
              military construction projects potentially impact Indian 
              tribes.
Sec. 2803. Increased authority for use of certain appropriations 
              amounts for restoration or replacement of damaged or 
              destroyed facilities.
Sec. 2804. Amendment of Unified Facilities Criteria to promote military 
              installation resilience, energy resilience, energy and 
              climate resiliency, and cyber resilience.
Sec. 2805. Modification to Department of Defense Form 1391 regarding 
              consideration of potential long-term adverse 
              environmental effects.
Sec. 2806. Improved flood risk disclosure for military construction.
Sec. 2807. Prioritization of projects in annual report on unfunded 
              requirements for laboratory military construction 
              projects.
Sec. 2808. Technical corrections and improvements to defense access 
              road resilience.
Sec. 2809. Military construction projects for child development centers 
              at military installations.
Sec. 2810. Prohibition on use of funds to reduce air base resiliency or 
              demolish protected aircraft shelters in the European 
              theater without creating a similar protection from 
              attack.
Sec. 2811. Prohibition on use of funds to close or return certain bases 
              to the host nation.

        Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Improved energy security for main operating bases in Europe.
Sec. 2822. Access to Department of Defense installations for 
              credentialed transportation workers.
Sec. 2823. Improved recording and maintaining of Department of Defense 
              real property data.

                      Subtitle C--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Land conveyance, Hill Air Force Base, Ogden, Utah.
Sec. 2832. Release of interests retained in Camp Joseph T. Robinson, 
              Arkansas, for use of such land as a veterans cemetery.
Sec. 2833. Modification of authorized uses of certain property conveyed 
              by the United States in Los Angeles, California.
Sec. 2834. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over certain parcels 
              of Federal land in Arlington, Virginia.

                 Subtitle D--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Public notice regarding upcoming periods of Secretary of the 
              Navy management of Shared Use Area of the Johnson Valley 
              Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Area.

  Subtitle E--White Sands National Park and White Sands Missile Range

Sec. 2851. White Sands Missile Range Land Enhancements.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 2861. Installation and maintenance of fire extinguishers in 
              Department of Defense facilities.
Sec. 2862. Definition of community infrastructure for purposes of 
              military base reuse studies and community planning 
              assistance.

[[Page H9400]]

Sec. 2863. Temporary authority for acceptance and use of contributions 
              for certain design and construction projects mutually 
              beneficial to the Department of Defense and the Republic 
              of Korea.
Sec. 2864. Black start exercises at military installations.
Sec. 2865. Pilot program to extend service life of roads and runways 
              under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 2866. Restrictions on rehabilitation of Over-the-Horizon 
              Backscatter Radar System receiving station, Modoc County, 
              California.
Sec. 2867. Designation of Sumpter Smith Joint National Guard Base.
Sec. 2868. Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians land affirmation.
Sec. 2869. Lands to be taken into trust as part of the reservation of 
              the Lytton Rancheria.
Sec. 2870. Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana.
Sec. 2871. Sense of Congress on restoration of Tyndall Air Force Base.

 TITLE XXIX--AUTHORIZATION OF OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY 
            CONSTRUCTION AND EMERGENCY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

   Subtitle A--Overseas Contingency Operations Military Construction

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.

              Subtitle B--Emergency Military Construction

Sec. 2911. Authorization of emergency Navy construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2912. Authorization of emergency Air Force construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2913. Authorization of emergency Army National Guard construction 
              and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2914. Authorization of emergency Defense Agencies construction and 
              land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2915. Authorization of emergency supplemental appropriations for 
              military construction projects.

            TITLE XXX--MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION REFORM

Sec. 3001. Definitions.

             Subtitle A--Addition of New Reform Subchapter

Sec. 3011. Improved accountability and oversight of privatized military 
              housing and protections and responsibilities for tenants 
              of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3012. Designation of Chief Housing Officer for privatized military 
              housing.
Sec. 3013. Additional requirements relating to contracts for privatized 
              military housing.
Sec. 3014. Additional requirements relating to management of privatized 
              military housing.
Sec. 3015. Consideration of contractor history in contracts for 
              privatized military housing.
Sec. 3016. Additional improvements for management of privatized 
              military housing.
Sec. 3017. Maintenance work order system for privatized military 
              housing.
Sec. 3018. Access by tenants of privatized military housing to 
              maintenance work order system.
Sec. 3019. Access by tenants to historical maintenance information for 
              privatized military housing.
Sec. 3020. Prohibition on requirement to disclose personally 
              identifiable information in certain requests for 
              maintenance of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3021. Treatment of incentive fees for landlords of privatized 
              military housing for failure to remedy a health or 
              environmental hazard.
Sec. 3022. Dispute resolution process for landlord-tenant disputes 
              regarding privatized military housing and requests to 
              withhold payments during dispute resolution process.
Sec. 3023. Investigation of reports of reprisals relating to privatized 
              military housing and congressional notification.
Sec. 3024. Prohibition on use of nondisclosure agreements in connection 
              with leases of privatized military housing.

                Subtitle B--Other Amendatory Provisions

Sec. 3031. Installation of carbon monoxide detectors in military family 
              housing.
Sec. 3032. Authority to furnish certain services in connection with use 
              of alternative authority for acquisition and improvement 
              of military housing.
Sec. 3033. Treatment of breach of contract for privatized military 
              housing.
Sec. 3034. Modification to requirements for window fall prevention 
              devices in military family housing units.
Sec. 3035. Expansion of direct hire authority for Department of Defense 
              for childcare services providers for Department child 
              development centers to include direct hire authority for 
              installation military housing office personnel.
Sec. 3036. Modification of authority to make payments to lessors of 
              privatized military housing.
Sec. 3037. Technical correction to definition used to make payments to 
              lessors of privatized military housing.

              Subtitle C--One-Time Reporting Requirements

Sec. 3041. Report on civilian personnel shortages for appropriate 
              oversight of management of military housing constructed 
              or acquired using alternative authority for acquisition 
              and improvement of military housing.
Sec. 3042. Plans for creation of councils on privatized military 
              housing.
Sec. 3043. Plan for establishment of Department of Defense jurisdiction 
              over off-base privatized military housing.
Sec. 3044. Inspector General review of Department of Defense oversight 
              of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3045. Information on legal services provided to members of the 
              Armed Forces harmed by health or environmental hazards at 
              military housing.

   Subtitle D--Development of Housing Reform Standards and Processes

Sec. 3051. Uniform code of basic standards for privatized military 
              housing and plan to conduct inspections and assessments.
Sec. 3052. Tool for assessment of hazards in Department of Defense 
              housing.
Sec. 3053. Process to identify and address environmental health hazards 
              in Department of Defense housing.
Sec. 3054. Department of Defense policy on lead-based paint testing on 
              military installations.
Sec. 3055. Standard for minimum credentials for health and 
              environmental inspectors of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3056. Requirements relating to move-in, move-out, and maintenance 
              of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3057. Standardized documentation, templates, and forms for 
              privatized military housing.
Sec. 3058. Satisfaction survey for tenants of military housing.

                Subtitle E--Other Housing Reform Matters

Sec. 3061. Radon testing of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3062. Mitigation of risks posed by certain items in military 
              family housing units.
Sec. 3063. Suspension of Resident Energy Conservation Program and 
              related programs for privatized military housing.
Sec. 3064. Department of the Army pilot program to build and monitor 
              use of single family homes.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

   Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Personnel matters at National Nuclear Security 
              Administration.
Sec. 3112. Estimation of costs of meeting defense environmental cleanup 
              milestones required by consent orders.
Sec. 3113. Office of Cost Estimating and Program Evaluation.
Sec. 3114. Clarification of certain Stockpile Responsiveness Program 
              objectives.
Sec. 3115. Elimination of limitation on availability of funds relating 
              to submission of annual reports on unfunded priorities.
Sec. 3116. Modification to certain requirements relating to plutonium 
              pit production capacity.
Sec. 3117. Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation Pilot 
              Plant.
Sec. 3118. Extension and modification of pilot program on 
              unavailability for overhead costs of amounts specified 
              for laboratory-directed research and development.
Sec. 3119. Modification to limitation on availability of funds for 
              acceleration of nuclear weapons dismantlement.
Sec. 3120. Implementation of common financial reporting system for 
              nuclear security enterprise.
Sec. 3121. Limitation relating to reclassification of high-level waste.
Sec. 3122. National Laboratory Jobs ACCESS Program.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 3131. Civil penalties for violations of certain whistleblower 
              protections.
Sec. 3132. Repeal of assessments of adequacy of budget requests 
              relating to nuclear weapons stockpile.
Sec. 3133. Repeal of requirement for review relating to enhanced 
              procurement authority.
Sec. 3134. Improvements to Energy Employees Occupational Illness 
              Compensation Program Act of 2000.
Sec. 3135. Replacement of W78 warhead.

[[Page H9401]]

Sec. 3136. Independent review of capabilities for detection, 
              verification, and monitoring of nuclear weapons and 
              fissile material.
Sec. 3137. Assessment of high energy density physics.
Sec. 3138. Determination of effect of treaty obligations with respect 
              to producing tritium.
Sec. 3139. Technical corrections to National Nuclear Security 
              Administration Act and Atomic Energy Defense Act.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Improvements to Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.
Sec. 3203. Membership of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                  Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Reauthorization of Maritime Security Program.
Sec. 3503. Maritime technical assistance program.
Sec. 3504. Appointment of candidates attending sponsored preparatory 
              school.
Sec. 3505. General support program.
Sec. 3506. Improvements to the maritime guaranteed loan program.
Sec. 3507. Requirement for small shipyard grantees.
Sec. 3508. Salvage recoveries of cargoes.
Sec. 3509. Salvage recoveries for subrogated ownership of vessels and 
              cargoes.
Sec. 3510. Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Committee.
Sec. 3511. Military to mariner.
Sec. 3512. Department of Transportation Inspector General Report.
Sec. 3513. Independent study on the United States Merchant Marine 
              Academy.
Sec. 3514. Port operations, research, and technology.
Sec. 3515. Assessment and report on strategic seaports.
Sec. 3516. Technical corrections.
Sec. 3517. United States Merchant Marine Academy sexual assault 
              prevention and response program.
Sec. 3518. Report on vessels for emerging offshore energy 
              infrastructure.
Sec. 3519. Report on United States flagged fuel tanker vessel capacity.

                    Subtitle B--Cable Security Fleet

Sec. 3521. Establishment of Cable Security Fleet.

                     Subtitle C--Maritime SAFE Act

Sec. 3531. Short titles.
Sec. 3532. Definitions.
Sec. 3533. Purposes.
Sec. 3534. Statement of policy.

 Part I--Programs to Combat IUU Fishing and Increase Maritime Security

Sec. 3541. Coordination with international organizations.
Sec. 3542. Engagement of diplomatic missions of the United States.
Sec. 3543. Assistance by Federal agencies to improve law enforcement 
              within priority regions and priority flag states.
Sec. 3544. Expansion of existing mechanisms to combat IUU fishing.
Sec. 3545. Improvement of transparency and traceability programs.
Sec. 3546. Technology programs.
Sec. 3547. Savings clause.

   Part II--Establishment of Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing

Sec. 3551. Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing.
Sec. 3552. Strategic plan.
Sec. 3553. Reports.
Sec. 3554. Gulf of Mexico IUU Fishing Subworking Group.

 Part III--Combating Human Trafficking in Connection With the Catching 
                   and Processing of Seafood Products

Sec. 3561. Finding.
Sec. 3562. Adding the Secretary of Commerce to the Interagency Task 
              Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking.
Sec. 3563. Human trafficking in the seafood supply chain report.

                Part IV--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 3571. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 3572. Accounting of funds.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4103. Procurement for emergency requirements.

        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
              contingency operations.
Sec. 4203. Research, development, test, and evaluation for emergency 
              requirements.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
              operations.
Sec. 4303. Operation and maintenance for emergency requirements.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4603. Military construction for emergency requirements.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

 DIVISION E--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEARS 2018, 2019, 
                                AND 2020

Sec. 5001. Short title.
Sec. 5002. Subdivisions and table of contents.
Sec. 5003. Definitions.

    Subdivision 1--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Year 2020

Sec. 5100. Table of contents.

                   TITLE LI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 5102. Classified schedule of authorizations.
Sec. 5103. Intelligence community management account.

TITLE LII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

Sec. 5201. Authorization of appropriations.

               TITLE LIII--INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

           Subtitle A--General Intelligence Community Matters

Sec. 5301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 5302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
              law.
Sec. 5303. Expansion of scope of protections for identities of covert 
              agents.
Sec. 5304. Required counterintelligence assessments, briefings, 
              notifications, and reports.
Sec. 5305. Inclusion of security risks in program management plans 
              required for acquisition of major systems in National 
              Intelligence Program.
Sec. 5306. Intelligence community public-private talent exchange.
Sec. 5307. Assessment of contracting practices to identify certain 
              security and counterintelligence concerns.

      Subtitle B--Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Sec. 5321. Establishment of Climate Security Advisory Council.
Sec. 5322. Foreign Malign Influence Response Center.
Sec. 5323. Encouragement of cooperative actions to detect and counter 
              foreign influence operations.
Sec. 5324. Transfer of National Intelligence University to the Office 
              of the Director of National Intelligence.

      Subtitle C--Inspector General of the Intelligence Community

Sec. 5331. Definitions.
Sec. 5332. Inspector General external review panel.
Sec. 5333. Harmonization of whistleblower processes and procedures.
Sec. 5334. Oversight by Inspector General of the Intelligence Community 
              over intelligence community whistleblower matters.
Sec. 5335. Report on cleared whistleblower attorneys.

                Subtitle D--Central Intelligence Agency

Sec. 5341. Clarification of certain authority of the Central 
              Intelligence Agency.

                     TITLE LIV--SECURITY CLEARANCES

Sec. 5401. Improving visibility into the security clearance process.
Sec. 5402. Making certain policies and execution plans relating to 
              personnel clearances available to industry partners.

            TITLE LV--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES

                 Subtitle A--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 5501. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the 
              United States by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 5502. Assessment of legitimate and illegitimate financial and 
              other assets of Vladimir Putin.
Sec. 5503. Assessments of intentions of political leadership of the 
              Russian Federation.

                 Subtitle B--Matters Relating to China

Sec. 5511. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the 
              United States by the Communist Party of China.
Sec. 5512. Report on repression of ethnic Muslim minorities in the 
              Xinjiang region of the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 5513. Report on efforts by People's Republic of China to influence 
              election in Taiwan.

            Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Other Countries

Sec. 5521. Sense of Congress and report on Iranian efforts in Syria and 
              Lebanon.

[[Page H9402]]

Sec. 5522. Assessments regarding the Northern Triangle and Mexico.

         TITLE LVI--FEDERAL EFFORTS AGAINST DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Sec. 5601. Definitions.
Sec. 5602. Strategic intelligence assessment of and reports on domestic 
              terrorism.

                 TITLE LVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

                   Subtitle A--Reports and Briefings

Sec. 5701.  Modification of requirements for submission to Congress of 
              certain reports.
Sec. 5702. Increased transparency regarding counterterrorism budget of 
              the United States.
Sec. 5703. Study on role of retired and former personnel of 
              intelligence community with respect to certain foreign 
              intelligence operations.
Sec. 5704. Collection, analysis, and dissemination of workforce data.
Sec. 5705. Plan for strengthening the supply chain intelligence 
              function.
Sec. 5706. Comprehensive economic assessment of investment in key 
              United States technologies by companies or organizations 
              linked to China.
Sec. 5707. Report by Director of National Intelligence on fifth-
              generation wireless network technology.
Sec. 5708. Report on use by intelligence community of facial 
              recognition technology.
Sec. 5709. Report on deepfake technology, foreign weaponization of 
              deepfakes, and related notifications.
Sec. 5710. Annual report by Comptroller General of the United States on 
              cybersecurity and surveillance threats to Congress.
Sec. 5711. Analysis of and periodic briefings on major initiatives of 
              intelligence community in artificial intelligence and 
              machine learning.
Sec. 5712. Report on best practices to protect privacy and civil 
              liberties of Chinese Americans.
Sec. 5713. Oversight of foreign influence in academia.
Sec. 5714. Report on death of Jamal Khashoggi.
Sec. 5715. Report on terrorist screening database.
Sec. 5716. Report containing threat assessment on terrorist use of 
              conventional and advanced conventional weapons.
Sec. 5717. Assessment of homeland security vulnerabilities associated 
              with certain retired and former personnel of the 
              intelligence community.
Sec. 5718. Study on feasibility and advisability of establishing 
              Geospatial-Intelligence Museum and learning center.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 5721. Whistleblower disclosures to Congress and committees of 
              Congress.
Sec. 5722. Task force on illicit financing of espionage and foreign 
              influence operations.
Sec. 5723. Establishment of fifth-generation technology prize 
              competition.
Sec. 5724. Establishment of deepfakes prize competition.
Sec. 5725. Identification of and countermeasures against certain 
              International Mobile Subscriber Identity-catchers.
Sec. 5726. Securing energy infrastructure.

 Subdivision 2--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Years 2018 and 
                                  2019

Sec. 6100. Table of contents.

                   TITLE LXI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 6101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6102. Intelligence Community Management Account.

   TITLE LXII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY 
                                 SYSTEM

Sec. 6201. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6202. Computation of annuities for employees of the Central 
              Intelligence Agency.

          TITLE LXIII--GENERAL INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

Sec. 6301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 6302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
              law.
Sec. 6303. Modification of special pay authority for science, 
              technology, engineering, or mathematics positions and 
              addition of special pay authority for cyber positions.
Sec. 6304. Modification of appointment of Chief Information Officer of 
              the Intelligence Community.
Sec. 6305. Director of National Intelligence review of placement of 
              positions within the intelligence community on the 
              Executive Schedule.
Sec. 6306. Supply Chain and Counterintelligence Risk Management Task 
              Force.
Sec. 6307. Consideration of adversarial telecommunications and 
              cybersecurity infrastructure when sharing intelligence 
              with foreign governments and entities.
Sec. 6308. Cyber protection support for the personnel of the 
              intelligence community in positions highly vulnerable to 
              cyber attack.
Sec. 6309. Elimination of sunset of authority relating to management of 
              supply-chain risk.
Sec. 6310. Limitations on determinations regarding certain security 
              classifications.
Sec. 6311. Joint Intelligence Community Council.
Sec. 6312. Intelligence community information technology environment.
Sec. 6313. Report on development of secure mobile voice solution for 
              intelligence community.
Sec. 6314. Policy on minimum insider threat standards.
Sec. 6315. Submission of intelligence community policies.
Sec. 6316. Expansion of intelligence community recruitment efforts.

 TITLE LXIV--MATTERS RELATING TO ELEMENTS OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY

      Subtitle A--Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Sec. 6401. Authority for protection of current and former employees of 
              the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
Sec. 6402. Designation of the program manager-information-sharing 
              environment.
Sec. 6403. Technical modification to the executive schedule.
Sec. 6404. Chief Financial Officer of the Intelligence Community.
Sec. 6405. Chief Information Officer of the Intelligence Community.

                Subtitle B--Central Intelligence Agency

Sec. 6411. Central Intelligence Agency subsistence for personnel 
              assigned to austere locations.
Sec. 6412. Special rules for certain monthly workers' compensation 
              payments and other payments for Central Intelligence 
              Agency personnel.
Sec. 6413. Expansion of security protective service jurisdiction of the 
              Central Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 6414. Repeal of foreign language proficiency requirement for 
              certain senior level positions in the Central 
              Intelligence Agency.

     Subtitle C--Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of 
                          Department of Energy

Sec. 6421. Consolidation of Department of Energy Offices of 
              Intelligence and Counterintelligence.
Sec. 6422. Repeal of Department of Energy Intelligence Executive 
              Committee and budget reporting requirement.

                       Subtitle D--Other Elements

Sec. 6431. Plan for designation of counterintelligence component of 
              Defense Security Service as an element of intelligence 
              community.
Sec. 6432. Notice not required for private entities.
Sec. 6433. Establishment of advisory board for National Reconnaissance 
              Office.
Sec. 6434. Collocation of certain Department of Homeland Security 
              personnel at field locations.

                      TITLE LXV--ELECTION MATTERS

Sec. 6501. Report on cyber attacks by foreign governments against 
              United States election infrastructure.
Sec. 6502. Review of intelligence community's posture to collect 
              against and analyze Russian efforts to influence the 
              Presidential election.
Sec. 6503. Assessment of foreign intelligence threats to Federal 
              elections.
Sec. 6504. Strategy for countering Russian cyber threats to United 
              States elections.
Sec. 6505. Assessment of significant Russian influence campaigns 
              directed at foreign elections and referenda.
Sec. 6506. Information sharing with State election officials.
Sec. 6507. Notification of significant foreign cyber intrusions and 
              active measures campaigns directed at elections for 
              Federal offices.
Sec. 6508. Designation of counterintelligence officer to lead election 
              security matters.

                    TITLE LXVI--SECURITY CLEARANCES

Sec. 6601. Definitions.
Sec. 6602. Reports and plans relating to security clearances and 
              background investigations.
Sec. 6603. Improving the process for security clearances.
Sec. 6604. Goals for promptness of determinations regarding security 
              clearances.
Sec. 6605. Security Executive Agent.
Sec. 6606. Report on unified, simplified, Governmentwide standards for 
              positions of trust and security clearances.
Sec. 6607. Report on clearance in person concept.
Sec. 6608. Reports on reciprocity for security clearances inside of 
              departments and agencies.
Sec. 6609. Intelligence community reports on security clearances.
Sec. 6610. Periodic report on positions in the intelligence community 
              that can be conducted without access to classified 
              information, networks, or facilities.
Sec. 6611. Information-sharing program for positions of trust and 
              security clearances.
Sec. 6612. Report on protections for confidentiality of whistleblower-
              related communications.
Sec. 6613. Reports on costs of security clearance background 
              investigations.

[[Page H9403]]

                 TITLE LXVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

    Subtitle A--Matters Relating to Russia and Other Foreign Powers

Sec. 6701. Limitation relating to establishment or support of 
              cybersecurity unit with the Russian Federation.
Sec. 6702. Assessment of threat finance relating to Russia.
Sec. 6703. Notification of an active measures campaign.
Sec. 6704. Notification of travel by accredited diplomatic and consular 
              personnel of the Russian Federation in the United States.
Sec. 6705. Report and annual briefing on Iranian expenditures 
              supporting foreign military and terrorist activities.
Sec. 6706. Expansion of scope of committee to counter active measures.

                          Subtitle B--Reports

Sec. 6711. Technical correction to Inspector General study.
Sec. 6712. Reports on authorities of the Chief Intelligence Officer of 
              the Department of Homeland Security.
Sec. 6713. Review of intelligence community whistleblower matters.
Sec. 6714. Report on role of Director of National Intelligence with 
              respect to certain foreign investments.
Sec. 6715. Report on surveillance by foreign governments against United 
              States telecommunications networks.
Sec. 6716. Biennial report on foreign investment risks.
Sec. 6717. Modification of certain reporting requirement on travel of 
              foreign diplomats.
Sec. 6718. Semiannual reports on investigations of unauthorized 
              disclosures of classified information.
Sec. 6719. Congressional notification of designation of covered 
              intelligence officer as persona non grata.
Sec. 6720. Reports on intelligence community participation in 
              vulnerabilities equities process of Federal Government.
Sec. 6721. Inspectors General reports on classification.
Sec. 6722. Reports and briefings on national security effects of global 
              water insecurity and emerging infectious disease and 
              pandemics.
Sec. 6723. Annual report on memoranda of understanding between elements 
              of intelligence community and other entities of the 
              United States Government regarding significant 
              operational activities or policy.
Sec. 6724. Study on the feasibility of encrypting unclassified wireline 
              and wireless telephone calls.
Sec. 6725. Reports on intelligence community loan repayment and related 
              programs.
Sec. 6726. Repeal of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 6727. Inspector General of the Intelligence Community report on 
              senior executives of the Office of the Director of 
              National Intelligence.
Sec. 6728. Briefing on Federal Bureau of Investigation offering 
              permanent residence to sources and cooperators.
Sec. 6729. Intelligence assessment of North Korea revenue sources.
Sec. 6730. Report on possible exploitation of virtual currencies by 
              terrorist actors.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 6741. Public Interest Declassification Board.
Sec. 6742. Technical and clerical amendments to the National Security 
              Act of 1947.
Sec. 6743. Bug bounty programs.
Sec. 6744. Technical amendments related to the Department of Energy.
Sec. 6745. Sense of Congress on notification of certain disclosures of 
              classified information.
Sec. 6746. Sense of Congress on consideration of espionage activities 
              when considering whether or not to provide visas to 
              foreign individuals to be accredited to a United Nations 
              mission in the United States.
Sec. 6747. Sense of Congress on WikiLeaks.

                       DIVISION F--OTHER MATTERS

           TITLE LXXI--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO NORTH KOREA

Sec. 7101. Short title.

           Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to North Korea

Sec. 7111. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7112. Definitions.

           Part I--Expansion of Sanctions and Related Matters

Sec. 7121. Sanctions with respect to foreign financial institutions 
              that provide financial services to certain sanctioned 
              persons.
Sec. 7122. Mandatory designations under North Korea Sanctions and 
              Policy Enhancement Act of 2016.
Sec. 7123. Extension of applicability period of proliferation 
              prevention sanctions.
Sec. 7124. Opposition to assistance by the international financial 
              institutions.
Sec. 7125. Support for capacity of the International Monetary Fund to 
              prevent money laundering and financing of terrorism.
Sec. 7126. Report and briefings on compliance, penalties, and technical 
              assistance.
Sec. 7127. Sense of Congress on identification and blocking of property 
              of North Korean officials.
Sec. 7128. Modification of report on implementation of United Nations 
              Security Council resolutions by other governments.
Sec. 7129. Report on use by the Government of North Korea of beneficial 
              ownership rules to access the international financial 
              system.

              Part II--Congressional Review and Oversight

Sec. 7131. Notification of termination or suspension of sanctions.
Sec. 7132. Reports on certain licensing actions.
Sec. 7133. Report and briefings on financial networks and financial 
              methods of the Government of North Korea.
Sec. 7134. Report on countries of concern with respect to 
              transshipment, reexportation, or diversion of certain 
              items to North Korea.

                       Part III--General Matters

Sec. 7141. Rulemaking.
Sec. 7142. Authority to consolidate reports.
Sec. 7143. Waivers, exemptions, and termination.
Sec. 7144. Procedures for review of classified and certain other 
              information.
Sec. 7145. Briefing on resourcing of sanctions programs.
Sec. 7146. Briefing on proliferation financing.
Sec. 7147. Exception relating to importation of goods.

      Subtitle B--Financial Industry Guidance to Halt Trafficking

Sec. 7151. Short title.
Sec. 7152. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7153. Coordination of human trafficking issues by the Office of 
              Terrorism and Financial Intelligence.
Sec. 7154. Strengthening the role of anti-money laundering and other 
              financial tools in combating human trafficking.
Sec. 7155. Sense of Congress on resources to combat human trafficking.

 TITLE LXXII--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN TRAFFICKERS OF ILLICIT 
                           SYNTHETIC OPIOIDS

Sec. 7201. Short title.
Sec. 7202. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7203. Definitions.

    Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to Foreign Opioid Traffickers

Sec. 7211. Identification of foreign opioid traffickers.
Sec. 7212. Imposition of sanctions.
Sec. 7213. Description of sanctions.
Sec. 7214. Waivers.
Sec. 7215. Procedures for judicial review of classified information.
Sec. 7216. Briefings on implementation.
Sec. 7217. Inclusion of additional material in International Narcotics 
              Control Strategy Report.

    Subtitle B--Commission on Combating Synthetic Opioid Trafficking

Sec. 7221. Commission on combating synthetic opioid trafficking.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 7231. Director of National Intelligence program on use of 
              intelligence resources in efforts to sanction foreign 
              opioid traffickers.
Sec. 7232. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 7233. Regulatory authority.
Sec. 7234. Termination.
Sec. 7235. Exception relating to importation of goods.

                           TITLE LXXIII--PFAS

Sec. 7301. Short title.
Sec. 7302. Definition of Administrator.

                       Subtitle A--Drinking Water

Sec. 7311. Monitoring and detection.
Sec. 7312. Drinking water state revolving funds.

                  Subtitle B--PFAS Release Disclosure

Sec. 7321. Additions to toxics release inventory.

                 Subtitle C--USGS Performance Standard

Sec. 7331. Definitions.
Sec. 7332. Performance standard for the detection of highly fluorinated 
              compounds.
Sec. 7333. Nationwide sampling.
Sec. 7334. Data usage.
Sec. 7335. Collaboration.

                   Subtitle D--Emerging Contaminants

Sec. 7341. Definitions.
Sec. 7342. Research and coordination plan for enhanced response on 
              emerging contaminants.

                Subtitle E--Toxic Substances Control Act

Sec. 7351. PFAS data call.
Sec. 7352. Significant new use rule for long-chain PFAS.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 7361. PFAS destruction and disposal guidance.
Sec. 7362. PFAS research and development.

       TITLE LXXIV--CAESAR SYRIA CIVILIAN PROTECTION ACT OF 2019

Sec. 7401. Short title.
Sec. 7402. Statement of policy.

    Subtitle A--Additional Actions in Connection With the National 
                    Emergency With Respect to Syria

Sec. 7411. Measures with respect to Central Bank of Syria.
Sec. 7412. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons that engage in 
              certain transactions.
Sec. 7413. Strategy relating to areas of Syria in which civilians are 
              subject to forced displacement.

[[Page H9404]]

             Subtitle B--Assistance for the People of Syria

Sec. 7421. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7422. Briefing on monitoring and evaluating of ongoing assistance 
              programs in Syria and to the Syrian people.
Sec. 7423. Assessment of potential methods to enhance the protection of 
              civilians.
Sec. 7424. Assistance to support entities taking actions relating to 
              gathering evidence for investigations into war crimes or 
              crimes against humanity in Syria since March 2011.
Sec. 7425. Codification of certain services in support of 
              nongovernmental organizations' activities authorized.
Sec. 7426. Briefing on strategy to facilitate humanitarian assistance.

                     Subtitle C--General Provisions

Sec. 7431. Suspension of sanctions.
Sec. 7432. Waivers and exemptions.
Sec. 7433. Implementation and regulatory authorities.
Sec. 7434. Exception relating to importation of goods.
Sec. 7435. Cost limitation.
Sec. 7436. Rule of construction.
Sec. 7437. Prohibition on construction of provisions of this title as 
              an authorization for use of military force.
Sec. 7438. Sunset.

            TITLE LXXV--PROTECTING EUROPE'S ENERGY SECURITY

Sec. 7501. Short title.
Sec. 7502. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7503. Imposition of sanctions with respect to provision of certain 
              vessels for the construction of certain Russian energy 
              export pipelines.

                       TITLE LXXVI--OTHER MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Federal Employee Paid Leave Act

Sec. 7601. Short title.
Sec. 7602. Paid parental leave under title 5.
Sec. 7603. Paid parental leave for congressional employees.
Sec. 7604. Conforming amendment to Family and Medical Leave Act for GAO 
              and Library of Congress employees.
Sec. 7605. Clarification for members of the National Guard and 
              Reserves.
Sec. 7606. Conforming amendment for certain TSA employees.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 7611. Liberian refugee immigration fairness.
Sec. 7612. Pensacola Dam and Reservoir, Grand River, Oklahoma.
Sec. 7613. Limitation on certain rolling stock procurements; 
              cybersecurity certification for rail rolling stock and 
              operations.

     SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

       In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' 
     has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of 
     title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

       The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of 
     complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall 
     be determined by reference to the latest statement titled 
     ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation'' for this Act, 
     jointly submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by 
     the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget Committees, 
     provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
     vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference 
     report or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain 
              limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground 
              System-Army Increment 1.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.
Sec. 122. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain 
              aircraft carriers.
Sec. 123. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
              and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.
Sec. 124. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 125. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier 
              force structure.
Sec. 126. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
              waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 127. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.
Sec. 128. Strategic sealift fleet vessel.
Sec. 129. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
              designated LPD-31.
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
              Ship.
Sec. 131. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface 
              combatants.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates 
              on the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
Sec. 133. Limitation on availability of funds for VH-92A helicopter.
Sec. 134. Report on carrier wing and aviation combat element 
              composition.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft.
Sec. 142. OC-135B aircraft recapitalization program.
Sec. 143. Requirement to align Air Force aviation force structure with 
              National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC-10 
              primary mission aircraft inventory.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15EX aircraft.
Sec. 146. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for RC-26B aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC-135 
              aircraft.
Sec. 149. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.
Sec. 150. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.
Sec. 151. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement 
              of JASSM-ER missiles.
Sec. 152. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.
Sec. 153. Sense of Congress on the light attack aircraft initiative of 
              the Air Force.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget 
              acquisition for F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 162. Relief from contractors for failure to deliver ready-for-
              issue spare parts for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 163. Limitation on availability of funds for reallocation of 
              Turkish F-35A aircraft to the United States.
Sec. 164. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software 
              development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike 
              Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System.
Sec. 165. F-35 sustainment cost.
Sec. 166. Reports on the progress and performance of the F-35 aircraft 
              program.
Sec. 167. Other reports on the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 168. Limitation on availability of funds for communications 
              systems lacking certain resiliency features.
Sec. 169. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link 
              requirement.

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

     SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2020 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the 
     Marine Corps, the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as 
     specified in the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

     SEC. 111. AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY TO WAIVE 
                   CERTAIN LIMITATIONS RELATED TO THE DISTRIBUTED 
                   COMMON GROUND SYSTEM-ARMY INCREMENT 1.

       Section 113(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2028) is 
     amended by striking ``Secretary of Defense'' both places it 
     appears and inserting ``Secretary of the Army''.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

     SEC. 121. FORD-CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER COST LIMITATION 
                   BASELINES.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 863 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 8692. Ford-class aircraft carriers: cost limitation 
       baselines

       ``(a) Limitation.--The total amounts obligated or expended 
     from funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
     available for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, or for any 
     other procurement account, may not exceed the following 
     amounts for the following aircraft carriers:
       ``(1) $13,224,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
     carrier designated CVN-78.
       ``(2) $11,398,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
     carrier designated CVN-79.
       ``(3) $12,202,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
     carrier designated CVN-80.
       ``(4) $12,451,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
     carrier designated CVN-81.
       ``(b) Exclusion of Battle and Interim Spares From Cost 
     Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy shall exclude from the 
     determination of the amounts set forth in subsection (a) the 
     costs of the following items:
       ``(1) CVN-78 class battle spares.
       ``(2) Interim spares.
       ``(3) Increases attributable to economic inflation after 
     December 1, 2018, not otherwise included in the amounts 
     listed in subsection (a).
       ``(c) Written Notice and Briefing on Change in Amount.--The 
     Secretary of the Navy may adjust an amount listed in 
     subsection (a) not fewer than 15 days after submitting 
     written notice and providing a briefing to the congressional 
     defense committees, each of which shall include the amount 
     and rationale of any change and the resulting amount after 
     such change.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 863 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 8691 the 
     following new item:

``8692. Ford-class aircraft carriers: cost limitation baselines.''.
       (c) Repeal of Superseded Provision.--Section 122 of the 
     John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2104) is repealed.

     SEC. 122. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON COST TARGETS FOR 
                   CERTAIN AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

       Section 126(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2035) is 
     amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and CVN-80'' 
     and inserting ``, CVN-80, and CVN-81'';

[[Page H9405]]

       (2) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``2021'' and inserting ``2032''; and
       (B) by striking ``costs described in subsection (b) for the 
     CVN-79 and CVN-80'' and inserting ``cost targets for the CVN-
     79, the CVN-80, and the CVN-81''; and
       (3) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     `` and the CVN-80'' and inserting ``, the CVN-80, and the 
     CVN-81''
       (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``costs described in 
     subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost targets'';
       (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``costs specified in 
     subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost targets''; and
       (D) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``costs specified in 
     subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost targets''.

     SEC. 123. REFUELING AND COMPLEX OVERHAULS OF THE U.S.S. JOHN 
                   C. STENNIS AND U.S.S. HARRY S. TRUMAN.

       (a) Refueling and Complex Overhaul.--The Secretary of the 
     Navy shall carry out the nuclear refueling and complex 
     overhaul of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN-74) and U.S.S. 
     Harry S. Truman (CVN-75).
       (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to any 
     contract entered into under subsection (a) for the nuclear 
     refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
     (CVN-74) and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN-75), the Secretary 
     may use incremental funding for a period not to exceed six 
     years after advance procurement funds for such nuclear 
     refueling and complex overhaul effort are first obligated.
       (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--Any contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2020 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for 
     that later fiscal year.

     SEC. 124. FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER SUPPORT FOR F-35C 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       Before completing the post-shakedown availability of the 
     Ford class aircraft carrier designated CVN-79, the Secretary 
     of the Navy shall ensure that the aircraft carrier is capable 
     of operating and deploying with the F-35C aircraft.

     SEC. 125. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION OF 
                   AIRCRAFT CARRIER FORCE STRUCTURE.

       None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to reduce 
     the number of operational aircraft carriers of the Navy below 
     the number specified in section 8062(b) of title 10, United 
     States Code.

     SEC. 126. MODIFICATION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF 
                   FUNDS FOR NAVY WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

       Section 130 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``for fiscal year 2019 
     may be obligated or expended to procure legacy waterborne 
     security barriers for Navy ports'' and inserting ``for fiscal 
     year 2019 or fiscal year 2020 may be obligated or expended to 
     procure legacy waterborne security barriers for Navy ports, 
     including as replacements for legacy barriers'';
       (2) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``of not more than 
     30 percent'' after ``replacement''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Notification.--Not later than 15 days after an 
     exception is made pursuant to subsection (c)(2), the 
     Secretary of the Navy shall submit a written notification to 
     the congressional defense committees that includes--
       ``(1) the name and position of the government official who 
     determined exigent circumstances exist;
       ``(2) a description of the exigent circumstances; and
       ``(3) a description of how waterborne security will be 
     maintained until new waterborne security barriers are 
     procured and installed.''.

     SEC. 127. LHA REPLACEMENT AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT SHIP PROGRAM.

       (a) Authority to Use Incremental Funding.--The Secretary of 
     the Navy may enter into and incrementally fund a contract for 
     detail design and construction of the LHA replacement ship 
     designated LHA 9 and, subject to subsection (b), funds for 
     payments under the contract may be provided from amounts 
     authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense 
     for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, for fiscal years 2019 
     through 2025.
       (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for any subsequent fiscal year is subject to the 
     availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
     subsequent fiscal year.
       (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 125 of the John 
     Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2106) is repealed.

     SEC. 128. STRATEGIC SEALIFT FLEET VESSEL.

       (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Secretary of the Navy shall seek to enter 
     into a contract for the construction of one sealift vessel.
       (b) Delivery Date.--The contract entered into under 
     subsection (a) shall specify a delivery date for the sealift 
     vessel of not later than September 30, 2026.
       (c) Design and Construction Requirements.--
       (1) Use of existing design.--The design of the sealift 
     vessel shall be based on a domestic or foreign design that 
     exists as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Commercial standards and practices.--Subject to 
     paragraph (1), the sealift vessel may be constructed using 
     commercial design standards and commercial construction 
     practices that are consistent with the best interests of the 
     Federal Government.
       (3) Domestic shipyard.--The sealift vessel shall be 
     constructed in a shipyard that is located in the United 
     States.
       (d) Certificate and Endorsement.--The sealift vessel shall 
     meet the requirements necessary to receive a certificate of 
     documentation and a coastwise endorsement under chapter 121 
     of tile 46, United States Code, and the Secretary of the Navy 
     shall ensure that the completed vessel receives such a 
     certificate and endorsement.
       (e) Executive Agent.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may seek to 
     enter into a contract or other agreement with a private-
     sector entity under which the entity may act as executive 
     agent for the Secretary for purposes of the contract under 
     subsection (a).
       (2) Responsibilities.--The executive agent described in 
     paragraph (1) may be responsible for--
       (A) selecting a shipyard for the construction of the 
     sealift vessel;
       (B) managing and overseeing the construction of the sealift 
     vessel; and
       (C) such other matters as the Secretary of the Navy 
     determines to be appropriate
       (f) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the 
     contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary of 
     the Navy may use incremental funding to make payments under 
     the contract.
       (g) Sealift Vessel Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``sealift vessel'' means the sealift vessel constructed 
     pursuant to the contract entered into under subsection (a).

     SEC. 129. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT 
                   DOCK DESIGNATED LPD-31.

       (a) In General.--Using funds authorized to be appropriated 
     for the Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and 
     Conversion, Navy, the Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
     contract, beginning with the fiscal year 2020 program year, 
     for the design and construction of the amphibious transport 
     dock designated LPD-31.
       (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the 
     contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may 
     use incremental funding to make payments under the contract.
       (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under such 
     contract for any fiscal year after fiscal year 2020 is 
     subject to the availability of appropriations for that 
     purpose for such later fiscal year.

     SEC. 130. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE 
                   LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP.

       (a) Limitations.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     Department of Defense may be used to exceed, and the 
     Department may not otherwise exceed, the total procurement 
     quantity of thirty-five Littoral Combat Ships, unless the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
     submits to the congressional defense committees the 
     certification described in subsection (b).
       (b) Certification.--The certification described in this 
     subsection is a certification by the Under Secretary that 
     awarding a contract for the procurement of a Littoral Combat 
     Ship that exceeds the total procurement quantity listed in 
     revision five of the Littoral Combat Ship acquisition 
     strategy--
       (1) is in the national security interests of the United 
     States;
       (2) will not result in exceeding the low-rate initial 
     production quantity approved in the Littoral Combat Ship 
     acquisition strategy in effect as of the date of the 
     certification; and
       (3) is necessary to maintain a full and open competition 
     for the Guided Missile Frigate (FFG(X)) with a single source 
     award in fiscal year 2020.

     SEC. 131. LIMITATION ON THE NEXT NEW CLASS OF NAVY LARGE 
                   SURFACE COMBATANTS.

       (a) In General.--Milestone B approval may not be granted 
     for the next new class of Navy large surface combatants 
     unless the class of Navy large surface combatants 
     incorporates prior to such approval--
       (1) design changes identified during the full duration of 
     the combat system ship qualification trials and operational 
     test periods of the first Arleigh Burke-class destroyer in 
     the Flight III configuration to complete such events; and
       (2) final results of test programs of engineering 
     development models or prototypes for critical systems 
     specified by the Senior Technical Authority pursuant to 
     section 8669b of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
     section 1034 of this Act, in their final form, fit, and 
     function and in a realistic environment, which shall include 
     a land-based engineering site for the propulsion system.
       (b) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not release 
     a detail design or construction request for proposals or 
     obligate funds from the Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy 
     account for the next new class of Navy large surface 
     combatants until the class of Navy large surface combatants 
     receives Milestone B approval and the milestone decision 
     authority notifies the congressional defense committees, in 
     writing, of the actions taken to comply with the requirements 
     under subsection (a).
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``Milestone B approval'' has the meaning given 
     the term in section 2366(e)(7) of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (2) The term ``milestone decision authority'' means the 
     official within the Department of Defense designated with the 
     overall responsibility and authority for acquisition 
     decisions for the

[[Page H9406]]

     program, including authority to approve entry of the program 
     into the next phase of the acquisition process.
       (3) The term ``large surface combatants'' means Navy 
     surface ships that are designed primarily to engage in 
     attacks against airborne, surface, subsurface, and shore 
     targets, excluding frigates and littoral combat ships.

     SEC. 132. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING 
                   QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE CH-53K KING STALLION 
                   HELICOPTER PROGRAM.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
     for aircraft procurement, Navy, for the CH-53K King Stallion 
     helicopter program, not more than 50 percent may be obligated 
     or expended until a period of 30 days has elapsed following 
     the date on which the Secretary of the Navy provides the 
     first briefing required under subsection (b).
       (b) Quarterly Briefings Required.--
       (1) In general.--Beginning not later than 30 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, and on a quarterly basis 
     thereafter through the end of fiscal year 2022, the Secretary 
     of the Navy shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on 
     the progress of the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
       (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, with respect to the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter 
     program, the following:
       (A) An overview of the program schedule.
       (B) A statement of the total cost of the program as of the 
     date of the briefing, including the costs of development, 
     testing, and production.
       (C) A comparison of the total cost of the program relative 
     to the approved acquisition program baseline.
       (D) An assessment of flight testing under the program, 
     including identification of the number of test events that 
     have been conducted on-time in accordance with the joint 
     integrated program schedule.
       (E) An update on the correction of technical deficiencies 
     under the program, including--
       (i) identification of the technical deficiencies that have 
     been corrected as of the date of the briefing;
       (ii) identification of the technical deficiencies that have 
     been discovered, but not corrected, as of such date;
       (iii) an estimate of the total cost of correcting technical 
     deficiencies under the program; and
       (iv) an explanation of any significant deviations from the 
     testing and program schedule that are anticipated due to the 
     discovery and correction of technical deficiencies.

     SEC. 133. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VH-92A 
                   HELICOPTER.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
     for procurement for the VH-92A helicopter, not more than 80 
     percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which 
     the Secretary of Navy submits to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives the 
     report required under subsection (b).
       (b) Report Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report assessing the status of 
     the VH-92A helicopter program industrial base and the 
     potential impact of proposed manufacturing base changes on 
     the acquisition program. The report shall include a 
     description of--
       (1) estimated effects on the manufacturing readiness level 
     of the VH-92 program due to potential changes to the program 
     manufacturing base;
       (2) the estimated costs and assessment of cost risk to the 
     program due to potential changes to the program manufacturing 
     base;
       (3) any estimated schedule impacts, including impacts on 
     delivery dates for the remaining low-rate initial production 
     lots and full rate production, resulting from any changes to 
     the manufacturing base;
       (4) an assessment of the effect of changes to the 
     manufacturing base on VH-92A sustainment; and
       (5) the impact of such changes on production and 
     sustainment capacity for the MH-60 and CH-53K helicopters of 
     the Navy.

     SEC. 134. REPORT ON CARRIER WING AND AVIATION COMBAT ELEMENT 
                   COMPOSITION.

       (a) In General.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary 
     of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the optimal composition of the carrier 
     air wing (CVW) on aircraft carriers and aviation combat 
     element (ACE) embarked on amphibious ships in 2030 and 2040, 
     including alternative force design concepts.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements for the CVW and ACE:
       (1) Analysis and justification for the Department of the 
     Navy's stated goal of a 50/50 mix of 4th and 5th generation 
     aircraft for 2030.
       (2) Analysis and justification for an optimal mix of 
     aircraft for 2040.
       (3) A plan for incorporating unmanned aerial vehicles and 
     associated communication capabilities to effectively 
     implement the future force design.
       (4) Analysis of the support equipment requirement for each 
     aircraft type and the space needed to accommodate such 
     equipment.
       (5) A description of existing and potential ship designs or 
     design changes that would enable greater commonality and 
     interoperability of embarked naval aircraft, including 
     aircraft arresting gear and launch catapults.
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary 
     of the Navy shall provide the congressional defense 
     committees a briefing on the report required under subsection 
     (a).

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

     SEC. 141. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN C-5 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       Section 141(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1661) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``until the date that is 
     30 days after the date on which the briefing under section 
     144(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2018 is provided to the congressional defense 
     committees'' and inserting ``until the date that is 30 days 
     after the date on which the final report and briefing 
     required under section 1712(c)(2) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 have each been 
     provided to the congressional defense committees''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``can be returned to 
     service'' and inserting ``is inducted into or maintained in 
     type 1000 recallable storage''.

     SEC. 142. OC-135B AIRCRAFT RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

       The Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that any 
     request for proposals for the procurement of an OC-135B 
     aircraft under a recapitalization program for such aircraft 
     meets the requirements for full and open competition as set 
     forth in section 2304 of title 10, United States Code, and 
     includes, as part of such request for proposals, 
     consideration of proposals for the provision of new 
     production aircraft and recently manufactured aircraft.

     SEC. 143. REQUIREMENT TO ALIGN AIR FORCE AVIATION FORCE 
                   STRUCTURE WITH NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY.

       (a) Required Submission of Strategy.--Not later than March 
     1, 2020, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees an aviation force structure 
     acquisition strategy that aligns with the stated capability 
     and capacity requirements of the Department of the Air Force 
     to meet the National Defense Strategy.
       (b) Alignment With Strategy.--The Secretary of the Air 
     Force may not deviate from the strategy submitted under 
     subsection (a) until--
       (1) the Secretary receives a waiver from the Secretary of 
     Defense, in consultation with the Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff; and
       (2) the Secretary of Defense provides the congressional 
     defense committees with the waiver approval documentation.

     SEC. 144. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION 
                   IN KC-10 PRIMARY MISSION AIRCRAFT INVENTORY.

       None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air 
     Force may be obligated or expended to reduce the number of 
     KC-10 aircraft in the primary mission aircraft inventory of 
     the Air Force.

     SEC. 145. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-15EX 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air 
     Force may be obligated or expended to procure any F-15EX 
     aircraft, other than the first two prototypes of such 
     aircraft, until a period of 15 days has elapsed following the 
     date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the following 
     topics relating to the F-15EX program:
       (1) Acquisition strategy.
       (2) Cost and schedule estimates.
       (3) Test and evaluation strategy.
       (4) Logistics strategy.
       (5) Post-production fielding strategy.
       (b) Exception for Long-lead Items.--
       (1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), the 
     Secretary of the Air Force may use the funds described in 
     paragraph (2) to procure long-lead items for up to six 
     additional F-15EX aircraft beyond the first two prototypes of 
     such aircraft.
       (2) Funds described.--The funds described in this paragraph 
     are funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air 
     Force for any of the following:
       (A) Research and development, nonrecurring engineering.
       (B) Aircraft procurement.
       (c) F-15EX Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-
     15EX program'' means the F-15EX aircraft program of the Air 
     Force as described in the materials submitted to Congress by 
     the Secretary of Defense in support of the budget of the 
     President for fiscal year 2020 (as submitted to Congress 
     under section 1105(a) of title 21, United States Code).

     SEC. 146. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VC-25B 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 or any 
     subsequent fiscal year for the Air Force may be obligated or 
     expended to carry out over and above work on the VC-25B 
     aircraft until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the 
     date on which the Secretary of the Air Force notifies the 
     congressional defense committees of the intent of the 
     Secretary to authorize such work.
       (b) Exception.--The limitation under subsection (a) shall 
     not apply to over and above work carried out--
       (1) to repair or replace items damaged during the testing 
     of the VC-25B aircraft; or
       (2) to make changes necessary to meet operational 
     requirements.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``operational requirements'' means any of the 
     operational requirements for the VC-25B aircraft described in 
     the capability development document or the system 
     requirements document for the Presidential Aircraft 
     Recapitalization Program.
       (2) The term ``over and above work'' means work performed 
     pursuant to line 0012 (CLIN

[[Page H9407]]

     0012) of the contract for Presidential Aircraft 
     Recapitalization entered into between the Department of the 
     Air Force and the Boeing Company (contract number FA8625-16-
     C-6599).

     SEC. 147. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RC-26B 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air 
     Force may be obligated or expended to retire, divest, 
     realign, or place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory 
     status, or prepare to retire, divest, realign, or place in 
     storage or backup inventory status, any RC-26B aircraft until 
     the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to 
     the congressional defense committees--
       (1) the report required under subsection (c); and
       (2) the certification required under subsection (d).
       (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
     apply to individual RC-26B aircraft that the Secretary of the 
     Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no 
     longer mission capable because of mishaps or other damage.
       (c) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     that includes the following:
       (1) A survey of any requirements for the Air Force to 
     provide intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
     support to other military forces and civil authorities that 
     the Air Force and the Air National Guard meet using the RC-
     26B aircraft.
       (2) An assessment of the extent to which such requirements 
     are appropriate for the Air Force to fulfill.
       (3) The manner in which the Secretary would meet such 
     requirements if the RC-26B aircraft were to be retired.
       (4) A comparison of costs and effectiveness of alternative 
     means of providing intelligence, surveillance, and 
     reconnaissance support to other military forces and civil 
     authorities.
       (5) An assessment of the utility of entering into one or 
     more memoranda of agreement with other military forces and 
     civil authorities to govern the process for providing 
     intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance support to 
     those forces and authorities.
       (d) Certification Required.--Not later than 60 days after 
     the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits the 
     report required under subsection (c), the Secretary shall 
     certify to the congressional defense committees--
       (1) whether there are requirements for the Air Force to 
     provide intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
     support to other military forces and civil authorities that 
     the Air Force meets using the RC-26B aircraft; and
       (2) whether the Secretary has identified methods of meeting 
     such requirements that are more effective and more efficient 
     than meeting such requirements through the use of the RC-26B 
     aircraft.

     SEC. 148. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT 
                   OF RC-135 AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air 
     Force may be obligated or expended to retire, or prepare to 
     retire, any RC-135 aircraft until a period of 60 days has 
     elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
     certifies to the congressional defense committees that--
       (1) technologies other than the RC-135 aircraft provide 
     capacity and capabilities equivalent to the capacity and 
     capabilities of the RC-135 aircraft; and
       (2) the capacity and capabilities of such other 
     technologies meet the requirements of combatant commanders 
     with respect to indications and warning, intelligence 
     preparation of the operational environment, and direct 
     support for kinetic and nonkinetic operations.
       (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
     apply to individual RC-135 aircraft that the Secretary of the 
     Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no 
     longer mission capable because of mishaps, other damage, or 
     being uneconomical to repair.

     SEC. 149. AIR FORCE AGGRESSOR SQUADRON MODERNIZATION.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) it is critical that the Air Force has the capability to 
     train against an advanced air adversary in order to be 
     prepared for conflicts against a modern enemy force, and that 
     in order to have this capability, the Air Force must have 
     access to an advanced adversary force prior to United States 
     adversaries fielding a 5th-generation operational capability; 
     and
       (2) the Air Force's plan to use low-rate initial production 
     F-35As as aggressor aircraft reflects a recognition of the 
     need to field a modernized aggressor fleet.
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not 
     transfer any low-rate initial production F-35 aircraft for 
     use as aggressor aircraft until the Chief of Staff of the Air 
     Force submits to the congressional defense committees a 
     comprehensive plan and report on the strategy for modernizing 
     its organic aggressor fleet.
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) Potential locations for F-35A aggressor aircraft, 
     including an analysis of installations that--
       (i) have the size and availability of airspace necessary to 
     meet flying operations requirements;
       (ii) have sufficient capacity and availability of range 
     space;
       (iii) are capable of hosting advanced-threat training 
     exercises; and
       (iv) meet or require minimal addition to the environmental 
     requirements associated with the basing action.
       (B) An analysis of the potential cost and benefits of 
     expanding aggressor squadrons currently operating 18 Primary 
     Assigned Aircraft (PAA) to a level of 24 PAA each.
       (C) An analysis of the cost and timelines associated with 
     modernizing the current Air Force aggressor squadrons to 
     include upgrading aircraft radar, infrared search-and-track 
     systems, radar warning receiver, tactical datalink, threat-
     representative jamming pods, and other upgrades necessary to 
     provide a realistic advanced adversary threat.

     SEC. 150. AIR FORCE PLAN FOR COMBAT RESCUE HELICOPTER 
                   FIELDING.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, 
     given delays to Operational Loss Replacement (OLR) program 
     fielding and the on-time fielding of Combat Rescue Helicopter 
     (CRH), the Air National Guard should retain additional HH-60G 
     helicopters at Air National Guard locations to meet their 
     recommended primary aircraft authorized (PAA) per the Air 
     Force's June 2018 report on Air National Guard HH-60 
     requirements.
       (b) Report on Fielding Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on its fielding plan for the CRH program.
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) A description of the differences in capabilities 
     between the HH-60G, OLR, and CRH helicopters.
       (B) A description of the costs and risks associated with 
     changing the CRH fielding plan to reduce or eliminate 
     inventory shortfalls.
       (C) A description of the measures for accelerating the 
     program available within the current contract.
       (D) A description of the operational risks and benefits 
     associated with fielding the CRH to the active component 
     first, including--
       (i) how the differing fielding plan may affect deployment 
     schedules;
       (ii) what capabilities active-component units deploying 
     with the CRH will have that reserve component units deploying 
     with OLR will not; and
       (iii) an analysis of the potential costs and benefits that 
     could result from accelerating CRH fielding to all units 
     through additional funding in the future years defense 
     program.
       (c) Report on Training Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the plan to sustain training for initial-entry reserve 
     component HH-60G pilots once the active component of the Air 
     Force has received all of its CRH helicopters.
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) Projected reserve component aircrew initial HH-60G/OLR 
     qualification training requirements, by year.
       (B) The number of legacy HH-60G/OLR helicopters required to 
     continue providing initial HH-60G qualification training 
     through the 150th Special Operations Wing at Kirtland Air 
     Force Base.
       (C) The number of personnel required to continue providing 
     initial HH-60G/OLR qualification training through the 150th 
     Special Operations Wing at Kirtland Air Force Base.
       (D) The number of flying hours required per pilot to 
     perform ``differences training'' at home station for initial 
     entry HH-60 pilots receiving CRH training at Kirtland Air 
     Force Base to become qualified in the HH-60G/OLR at their 
     home station.
       (E) The projected effect of using local flying training 
     hours at reserve component units on overall unit training 
     readiness and ability to meet Ready Aircrew Program 
     requirements.

     SEC. 151. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF MULTIYEAR CONTRACT FOR 
                   PROCUREMENT OF JASSM-ER MISSILES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than March 31, 2020, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall submit a report to the 
     congressional defense committees assessing the feasibility of 
     entering into a multiyear contract for procurement of JASSM-
     ER missiles starting in fiscal year 2022.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) An initial assessment of cost savings to the Air Force 
     from a multiyear contract.
       (2) An analysis of at least two different multiyear 
     contract options that vary in either duration or quantity, at 
     least one of which assumes a maximum procurement of 550 
     missiles per year for 5 years.
       (3) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact 
     the industrial base.
       (4) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact 
     the Long Range Anti-Ship Missile.
       (5) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact 
     the ability of the Air Force to develop additional 
     capabilities for the JASSM-ER missile.

     SEC. 152. REPORT ON AIRCRAFT FLEET OF THE CIVIL AIR PATROL.

       (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include an assessment of each of the following:
       (1) Whether the number of aircraft, types of aircraft, and 
     operating locations that comprise

[[Page H9408]]

     the Civil Air Patrol fleet are suitable for the missions and 
     responsibilities assigned to the Civil Air Patrol, 
     including--
       (A) flight proficiency and training;
       (B) operational mission training; and
       (C) support for cadet orientation and cadet flight training 
     programs in the Civil Air Patrol wing of each State.
       (2) The ideal overall size of the Civil Air Patrol aircraft 
     fleet, including a description of the factors used to 
     determine that ideal size.
       (3) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol and the Air 
     Force to determine the number and location of aircraft 
     operating locations and whether State Civil Air Patrol wing 
     commanders are appropriately involved in that process.
       (4) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol, the Air 
     Force, and other relevant entities to determine the type and 
     number of aircraft that are needed to support the emergency, 
     operational, and training missions of the Civil Air Patrol.

     SEC. 153. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE LIGHT ATTACK AIRCRAFT 
                   INITIATIVE OF THE AIR FORCE.

        It is the sense of the Congress that--
       (1) The United States Special Operations Command has a 
     mission requirement to support foreign internal defense 
     training and a light attack aircraft platform could 
     potentially facilitate meeting that requirement.
       (2) The Secretary of the Air Force should coordinate with 
     the Commander of the United States Special Operations Command 
     to assess how general purpose forces and special operations 
     forces can leverage the light attack aircraft phase three 
     experimentation activities of the Air Force.
       (3) The Secretary of the Air Force, in coordination with 
     the Commander of the United States Special Operations 
     Command, should explore options for coordinating light attack 
     aircraft experiment activities between general purpose forces 
     and special operations forces to maximize efficiency and 
     effectiveness and to further the mission requirements of both 
     forces, including options to transfer a portion of funds 
     authorized for Air Force light attack aircraft experiments to 
     procure aircraft for supporting the combat air advisor 
     mission of the Special Operations Command.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

     SEC. 161. ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AND BUY-TO-
                   BUDGET ACQUISITION FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

       (a) Economic Order Quantity Contract Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) through (4), 
     from amounts made available for obligation under the F-35 
     aircraft program, the Secretary of Defense may enter into one 
     or more contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 2020 
     program year, for the procurement of economic order 
     quantities of material and equipment that has completed 
     formal hardware qualification testing for the F-35 aircraft 
     program for use in procurement contracts to be awarded for 
     such program during fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023.
       (2) Limitation.--The total amount obligated under all 
     contracts entered into under paragraph (1) shall not exceed 
     $574,000,000.
       (3) Preliminary findings.--Before entering into a contract 
     under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall make each 
     of the following findings with respect to such contract:
       (A) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
     savings of the total anticipated costs of carrying out the 
     program through annual contracts.
       (B) The minimum need for the property to be procured is 
     expected to remain substantially unchanged during the 
     contemplated contract period in terms of production rate, 
     procurement rate, and total quantities.
       (C) There is a reasonable expectation that, throughout the 
     contemplated contract period, the Secretary will request 
     funding for the contract at the level required to avoid 
     contract cancellation.
       (D) That there is a stable, certified, and qualified design 
     for the property to be procured and that the technical risks 
     and redesign risks associated with such property are low.
       (E) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
     anticipated cost avoidance through the use of an economic 
     order quantity contract are realistic.
       (F) Entering into the contract will promote the national 
     security interests of the United States.
       (4) Certification requirement.--The Secretary of Defense 
     may not enter into a contract under paragraph (1) until a 
     period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
     Secretary certifies to the congressional defense committees, 
     in writing, that each of the following conditions is 
     satisfied:
       (A) A sufficient number of end items of the system being 
     acquired under such contract have been delivered at or within 
     the most recently available estimates of the program 
     acquisition unit cost or procurement unit cost for such 
     system to determine that the estimates of the unit costs are 
     realistic.
       (B) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
     awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the 
     contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
     program submitted to Congress under section 221 of title 10, 
     United States Code, for that fiscal year will include the 
     funding required to execute the program without cancellation.
       (C) The contract is a fixed-price type contract.
       (D) The proposed contract provides for production at not 
     less than minimum economic rates given the existing tooling 
     and facilities.
       (E) The Secretary has determined that each of the 
     conditions described in subparagraphs (A) through (F) of 
     paragraph (3) will be met by such contract and has provided 
     the basis for such determination to the congressional defense 
     committees.
       (b) Buy-to-budget Acquisition.--Subject to section 2308 of 
     title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may 
     procure a quantity of F-35 aircraft in excess of the quantity 
     authorized by this Act.

     SEC. 162. RELIEF FROM CONTRACTORS FOR FAILURE TO DELIVER 
                   READY-FOR-ISSUE SPARE PARTS FOR THE F-35 
                   AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

       (a) Requirement to Seek Relief.--Consistent with the 
     findings and recommendations of the Inspector General of the 
     Department of Defense in the report titled ``Audit of F-35 
     Ready-For-Issue Spare Parts and Sustainment Performance 
     Incentive Fees'' (DODIG-2019-094) and dated June 13, 2019, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall seek relief, as described in 
     subsection (b), from prime contractors that delivered 
     noncompliant ready-for-issue spare parts pursuant a contract 
     under the F-35 aircraft program.
       (b) Relief Described.--The relief sought by the Secretary 
     of Defense under subsection (a) may include the following: 
       (1) Specific performance.
       (2) Compensation for costs incurred by the Department of 
     Defense as a result of the contractor's failure to deliver 
     compliant ready-for-issue spare parts under the contract.
       (3) Any other form of remediation or compensation the 
     Secretary determines to be appropriate.
       (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed--
       (1) to alter the terms of a contract under the F-35 
     aircraft program; or
       (2) to authorize the Secretary of Defense to seek forms of 
     relief beyond those otherwise available under law.

     SEC. 163. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                   REALLOCATION OF TURKISH F-35A AIRCRAFT TO THE 
                   UNITED STATES.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
     expended to procure a covered F-35A aircraft for the United 
     States Air Force until a period of 15 days has elapsed 
     following the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
     certifies to the congressional defense committees that--
       (1) ancillary mission equipment, initial spare parts and 
     materials, technical data, and publications will be procured 
     for each covered F-35A aircraft delivered to the Air Force; 
     and
       (2) each such aircraft will be delivered to the Air Force 
     in a common configuration that may be operated and integrated 
     within the fleet of F-35A aircraft of the Air Force.
       (b) Covered F-35A Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``covered F-35A aircraft'' means an F-35A aircraft 
     previously procured by or on behalf of the Government of the 
     Republic of Turkey in F-35 production lot 12, 13, or 14.

     SEC. 164. REQUIREMENT TO ESTABLISH THE USE OF AN AGILE DEVOPS 
                   SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT SOLUTION AS AN ALTERNATIVE 
                   FOR JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS 
                   INFORMATION SYSTEM.

       (a) Competitive Analysis.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     conduct a competitive analysis of the performance and design 
     architecture enhancement efforts between the currently 
     fielded Autonomic logistics Information System, Autonomic 
     Logistics Information System-Next, and the Department of the 
     Air Force Agile Development Operations Madhatter initiative 
     efforts, including system technology transition opportunities 
     and timelines.
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall provide the congressional defense 
     committees a briefing on the findings of the competitive 
     analysis carried out under subsection (a).

     SEC. 165. F-35 SUSTAINMENT COST.

       (a) Quarterly Update.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall include in the quarterly 
     report required under section 155 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232)--
       (1) sustainment cost data related to the F-35 program, 
     including a comparison in itemized format of the cost of 
     legacy aircraft and the cost of the F-35 program, based on a 
     standardized set of criteria; and
       (2) an evaluation and metrics on the extent to which the 
     goals developed pursuant to subsection (b) are being 
     achieved.
       (b) Cost Reduction Plan.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall develop and implement a 
     plan for achieving significant reductions in the costs to 
     operate, maintain, and sustain the F-35 system.
       (2) Elements.--The plan required under paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following elements:
       (A) Specific changes in the management and execution of 
     operation and support (O&S) cost elements to engender 
     continuous and measurable process improvements.
       (B) Specific actions the Department will implement in the 
     near, mid, and long terms to reduce O&S costs.
       (C) Firm and achievable timelines for implementing the 
     specific actions and process changes.
       (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report on the baseline 
     plan developed pursuant to paragraph (1).

     SEC. 166. REPORTS ON THE PROGRESS AND PERFORMANCE OF THE F-35 
                   AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

       (a) F-35 Block 4 and Continuous Capability Development and 
     Delivery Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall include 
     with the annual report required by section 224(d) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal

[[Page H9409]]

     Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2059) an integrated 
     master schedule and past performance assessment for each 
     planned phase of the F-35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous 
     Capability Development and Delivery Program.
       (b) Comptroller General Reports.--
       (1) Annual report required.--Not later than 30 days after 
     the date on which the budget of the President is submitted to 
     Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States 
     Code, for each of fiscal years 2021 through 2025, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the F-35 
     aircraft program.
       (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, with respect to the F-35 aircraft program, the 
     following:
       (A) An assessment of the progress of manufacturing 
     processes improvement under the program.
       (B) The progress and results of the F-35 Block 4 Upgrade 
     and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program 
     and other follow-on modernization development and testing 
     efforts.
       (C) An assessment of the Department's schedule for 
     delivering software upgrades in six-month, scheduled 
     increments.
       (D) The progress and results of any other significant 
     hardware development and fielding efforts necessary for the 
     F-35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development 
     and Delivery Program.
       (E) Any other issues the Comptroller General determines to 
     be appropriate.
       (c) F-35 Block 4 Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-35 
     Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and 
     Delivery Program'' means Block 4 capability upgrades for the 
     F-35 aircraft program as described in the Selected 
     Acquisition Report for the program submitted to Congress in 
     March 2019, pursuant to section 2432 of title 10, United 
     States Code.

     SEC. 167. OTHER REPORTS ON THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

       (a) Report on F-35 Reliability and Maintainability 
     Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the reliability 
     and maintainability metrics for the F-35 aircraft. The report 
     shall include the following:
       (1) The results of a review and assessment, conducted by 
     the program office for the F-35 aircraft program, of the 
     reliability and maintainability metrics for the aircraft as 
     set forth in the most recent operational requirements 
     document for the program.
       (2) A determination of whether the reliability and 
     maintainability metrics for the aircraft, as set forth in the 
     most recent operational requirements document for the 
     program, are feasible and attainable, and what changes, if 
     any, will be made to update the metrics.
       (3) A certification that the program office for the F-35 
     aircraft program has revised the reliability and 
     maintainability improvement plan for the aircraft--
       (A) to identify specific and measurable reliability and 
     maintainability objectives in the improvement plan guidance; 
     and
       (B) to identify and document which projects included in the 
     improvement plan will achieve the objectives identified under 
     subparagraph (A).
       (b) Report on F-35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous 
     Capability Development and Delivery Program.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report on the F-35 
     Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and 
     Delivery Program. The report shall include the following:
       (A) The results of the independent cost estimate for the 
     Program conducted by the Director of Cost Assessment and 
     Program Evaluation.
       (B) An approved test and evaluation master plan that 
     addresses the adequacy of testing resources, testing aircraft 
     shortfalls, and testing funding.
       (C) A review of the feasibility and schedule of the 
     continuous capability development and delivery strategy for 
     fielding technologies under the Program as conducted by the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
       (2) F-35 block 4 defined.--In this subsection, the term 
     ``F-35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development 
     and Delivery Program'' has the meaning given that term in 
     section 166.
       (c) Report on F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information 
     System.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the autonomic 
     logistics information system of the F-35 aircraft. The report 
     shall include a description of each of the following:
       (1) All shortfalls, capability gaps, and deficiencies in 
     the system that have been identified as of the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
       (2) The strategy and performance requirements that will be 
     implemented to improve the system.
       (3) The strategy, implementation plan, schedule, and 
     estimated costs of developing and fielding--
       (A) the next generation of the system; or
       (B) future increments of the system.
       (d) F-35 Life-cycle Cost Estimates.--
       (1) Joint cost estimate.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
     and the Secretary of the Navy shall jointly develop a joint 
     service cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F-35 
     aircraft program.
       (2) Independent cost estimate.--The Director of Cost 
     Assessment and Program Evaluation shall develop an 
     independent cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F-
     35 aircraft program.
       (e) Deadline for Submittal.--The reports required under 
     subsections (a) through (d) shall be submitted to the 
     congressional defense committees not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 168. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                   COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS LACKING CERTAIN 
                   RESILIENCY FEATURES.

       (a) In General.--Except as provided under subsection (b), 
     none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     Department of Defense may be obligated or expended for the 
     procurement of a current or future Department of Defense 
     communications program of record, and the Department may not 
     otherwise procure a current or future communications program 
     of record, unless the communications equipment--
       (1) mitigates geolocation of a transmission that would 
     allow a like echelon enemy force to target the user;
       (2) securely communicates classified information in a 
     contested communications environment that includes 
     operationally representative jamming;
       (3) reduces, within two years of continued development and 
     upgrades, electronic signature and susceptibility to 
     geolocation by using low probability of intercept/detect 
     (LPI/LPD) waveforms, or other capability that would provide 
     the same resiliency on the battlefield; and
       (4) utilizes a waveform that is either made available 
     through the Department of Defense Waveform Information 
     Repository, or is a commercial off the shelf (COTS) waveform 
     available for government licensing with waveform analysis 
     through the Joint Tactical Networking Center (JTNC) Tactical 
     Communications Marketplace.
       (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of a military department may 
     waive the requirement under subsection (a) with respect to a 
     communications system upon certifying to the congressional 
     defense committees that the system's intended use is not for 
     contested environments or will meet the requirement when 
     operated as a component of an integrated network.

     SEC. 169. REPEAL OF TACTICAL UNMANNED VEHICLE COMMON DATA 
                   LINK REQUIREMENT.

       (a) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2020, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the status of the Common Data Link program and plans to meet 
     new and emerging manned and unmanned intelligence, 
     surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) vehicle secure and 
     interoperable communication requirements.
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) A description of each Common Data Link (CDL) waveform 
     in use and which platforms or systems utilize each CDL 
     waveform.
       (B) A list of manned and unmanned ISR platforms or systems 
     in development requiring networked, secure, low latency 
     communications, and an assessment of the suitability of CDL 
     to meet the requirements of each planned program.
       (C) A description of in-progress or planned technology 
     development efforts to address networking requirements for 
     manned and unmanned ISR systems operating in contested and 
     denied environments.
       (b) Repeal.--Section 157 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 
     126 Stat. 1667) is hereby repealed.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of 
              members of Armed Forces for careers in science, 
              technology, engineering, and mathematics.
Sec. 212. Updates to the Department of Defense personnel management 
              authority to attract experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 213. Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the Defense 
              Innovation Unit.
Sec. 214. Research and educational programs and activities for 
              Historically Black Colleges and Universities and 
              Minority-Serving Institutions of Higher Education.
Sec. 215. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology 
              achievements.
Sec. 216. Joint hypersonics transition office.
Sec. 217. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.
Sec. 218. Modification of authority and addition of technology areas 
              for expedited access to technical talent.
Sec. 219. Expansion of coordination in support of national security 
              innovation and entrepreneurial education.
Sec. 220. Modification of defense quantum information science and 
              technology research and development program.
Sec. 221. Understanding of investments in artificial intelligence and 
              development of capabilities by adversaries.
Sec. 222. Advisory role of JASON scientific advisory group.
Sec. 223. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology 
              Program.
Sec. 224. Requiring defense microelectronics products and services meet 
              trusted supply chain and operational security standards.
Sec. 225. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low 
              probability of detection data link network capability.

[[Page H9410]]

Sec. 226. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) 
              infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and 
              base infrastructure.
Sec. 227. Administration of manufacturing innovation institutes funded 
              by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 228. Research program on foreign malign influence operations.
Sec. 229. Diversification of the research and engineering workforce of 
              the Department of Defense.
Sec. 230. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and 
              software professionals.
Sec. 231. Digital engineering capability to automate testing and 
              evaluation.
Sec. 232. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology 
              development.
Sec. 233. Improvement of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 234. Pilot program on enhanced civics education.
Sec. 235. Technology and national security fellowship.
Sec. 236. Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management 
              System.
Sec. 237. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.
Sec. 238. Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies.
Sec. 239. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, 
              Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, 
              and Operational Energy Capability Improvement.
Sec. 240. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
              Increment 2 capability.

             Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 251. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to 
              science and technology reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 252. Infrastructure to support research, development, test, and 
              evaluation missions.
Sec. 253. Energetics plan.
Sec. 254. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation 
              information and communications technologies.
Sec. 255. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.
Sec. 256. Artificial intelligence education strategy.
Sec. 257. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.
Sec. 258. Report on B-52 commercial engine replacement program.
Sec. 259. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for 
              Department of Defense warfighting systems.
Sec. 260. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
Sec. 261. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
              program.
Sec. 262. National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black 
              Colleges and Universities and Other Minority 
              Institutions.
Sec. 263. Study on national security emerging biotechnologies for the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 264. Independent study on optimizing resources allocated to 
              Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.
Sec. 265. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
              programs.
Sec. 266. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2020 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
     research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in 
     the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

     SEC. 211. PROGRAM ON ENHANCEMENT OF PREPARATION OF DEPENDENTS 
                   OF MEMBERS OF ARMED FORCES FOR CAREERS IN 
                   SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND 
                   MATHEMATICS.

       (a) Program Required.--Chapter 111 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2192a the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of 
       dependents of members of armed forces for careers in 
       science, technology, engineering, and mathematics

       ``(a) Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     carry out a program to--
       ``(1) enhance the preparation of students at covered 
     schools for careers in science, technology, engineering, and 
     mathematics; and
       ``(2) provide assistance to teachers at covered schools to 
     enhance preparation described in paragraph (1).
       ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out the program, the 
     Secretary shall coordinate with the following:
       ``(1) The Secretaries of the military departments.
       ``(2) The Secretary of Education.
       ``(3) The National Science Foundation.
       ``(4) Other organizations as the Secretary of Defense 
     considers appropriate.
       ``(c) Activities.--Activities under the program may include 
     the following:
       ``(1) Establishment of targeted internships and cooperative 
     research opportunities at defense laboratories and other 
     technical centers for students and teachers at covered 
     schools.
       ``(2) Establishment of scholarships and fellowships for 
     students at covered schools.
       ``(3) Efforts and activities that improve the quality of 
     science, technology, engineering, and mathematics educational 
     and training opportunities for students and teachers at 
     covered schools, including with respect to improving the 
     development of curricula at covered schools.
       ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
     mentoring programs, and informal science education for 
     students and teachers at covered schools.
       ``(d) Metrics.--The Secretary shall establish outcome-based 
     metrics and internal and external assessments to evaluate the 
     merits and benefits of activities conducted under the program 
     with respect to the needs of the Department of Defense.
       ``(e) Covered Schools Defined.--In this section, the term 
     `covered schools' means elementary or secondary schools at 
     which the Secretary determines a significant number of 
     dependents of members of the armed forces are enrolled.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2192a the following new item:

``2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
              of armed forces for careers in science, technology, 
              engineering, and mathematics.''.
       (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 233 of the Carl Levin and 
     Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2193a 
     note) is repealed.

     SEC. 212. UPDATES TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL 
                   MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY TO ATTRACT EXPERTS IN 
                   SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1599h of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(6) Joint artificial intelligence center.--The Director 
     of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center may carry out a 
     program of personnel management authority provided in 
     subsection (b) in order to facilitate recruitment of eminent 
     experts in science or engineering for the Center. The 
     authority to carry out the program under this paragraph shall 
     terminate on December 31, 2024.''.
       (b) Scope of Appointment Authority.--Subsection (b)(1) of 
     such section is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in subparagraph (E), by adding ``and'' at the end; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(F) in the case of the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
     Center, appoint scientists and engineers to a total of not 
     more than 5 scientific and engineering positions in the 
     Center;''.
       (c) Extension of Terms of Appointment.--Subsection (c)(2) 
     of such section is amended by striking ``or the Defense 
     Innovation Unit Experimental'' and inserting ``the Defense 
     Innovation Unit, or the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
     Center''.
       (d) Update to Organizational Name.--Such section is further 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(5)--
       (A) in the subsection heading by striking ``DIUX'' and 
     inserting ``DIU''; and
       (B) by striking ``Experimental''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)(1)(E), by striking ``Experimental''.

     SEC. 213. ESTABLISHMENT OF JOINT RESERVE DETACHMENT OF THE 
                   DEFENSE INNOVATION UNIT.

       (a) In General.--
       (1) Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the 
     defense innovation unit.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2358a the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2358b. Joint reserve detachment of the Defense 
       Innovation Unit

       ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, may establish a joint reserve detachment 
     (referred to in this section as the `Detachment') composed of 
     members of the reserve components described in subsection (b) 
     to be assigned to each office of the Defense Innovation Unit 
     to--
       ``(1) support engagement and collaboration with private-
     sector industry and the community surrounding the location of 
     such office; and
       ``(2) to accelerate the use and adoption of commercially-
     developed technologies for national security purposes.
       ``(b) Members.--Each Secretary of a military department 
     shall select for the Detachment, and make efforts to retain, 
     members of the reserve components who possess relevant 
     private-sector experience in the fields of business, 
     acquisition, intelligence, engineering, technology transfer, 
     science, mathematics, program management, logistics, 
     cybersecurity, or such other fields as determined by the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
       ``(c) Duties.--The Detachment shall have the following 
     duties:
       ``(1) Providing the Department of Defense with--
       ``(A) expertise on and analysis of commercially-developed 
     technologies;
       ``(B) commercially-developed technologies to be used as 
     alternatives for technologies in use by the Department; and
       ``(C) opportunities for greater engagement and 
     collaboration between the Department and private-sector 
     industry on innovative technologies.
       ``(2) On an ongoing basis--
       ``(A) partnering with the military departments, the 
     combatant commands, and other Department of Defense 
     organizations to--

[[Page H9411]]

       ``(i) identify and rapidly prototype commercially-developed 
     technologies; and
       ``(ii) use alternative contracting mechanisms to procure 
     such technologies;
       ``(B) increasing awareness of--
       ``(i) the work of the Defense Innovation Unit; and
       ``(ii) the technology requirements of the Department of 
     Defense as identified in the National Defense Science and 
     Technology Strategy developed under section 218 of the John 
     S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1679); and
       ``(C) using the investment in research and development made 
     by private-sector industry in assessing and developing dual-
     use technologies.
       ``(3) Carrying out other activities as directed by the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
       ``(d) Joint Duty.--Assignment to a Detachment shall not 
     qualify as a joint duty assignment, as defined in section 
     668(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, unless approved by 
     the Secretary of Defense.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2358a the following new item:

``2358b. Joint reserve detachment of the Defense Innovation Unit.''.
       (b) Implementation Report.--Not later than 120 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering, in consultation with 
     the Director of the Defense Innovation Unit and the 
     Secretaries of the military departments, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report that includes--
       (1) an organizational plan and the estimated costs for 
     establishing the joint reserve detachment required under 
     section 2358b of title 10, United States Code (as added by 
     subsection (a)); and
       (2) a timeline specifying when such detachment will attain 
     initial operational capability and full operational 
     capability, respectively.

     SEC. 214. RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES 
                   FOR HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND 
                   UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY-SERVING INSTITUTIONS 
                   OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

       Section 2362 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(d) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense may develop 
     incentives to encourage research and educational 
     collaborations between covered educational institutions and 
     other institutions of higher education.''.

     SEC. 215. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR PRIZES FOR ADVANCED 
                   TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENTS.

       Section 2374a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering, the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment,''.

     SEC. 216. JOINT HYPERSONICS TRANSITION OFFICE.

       Section 218 of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the program required 
     under subsection (b), and shall'' and inserting ``the program 
     and activities described in subsections (b) through (f), and 
     shall'';
       (2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (e) as 
     subsections (d) through (f), respectively;
       (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) University Expertise.--
       ``(1) Arrangement with institutions of higher education.--
     Using the authority specified in section 217 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
     115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) or another similar authority, 
     the Office shall seek to enter into an arrangement with one 
     or more institutions of higher education (as defined in 
     section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1001)) under which such institutions may provide the Office 
     with--
       ``(A) access to research, technology development, and 
     workforce development expertise to support the mission of the 
     Office; and
       ``(B) foundational and applied hypersonic research, 
     development, and workforce support in areas that the Office 
     determines to be relevant for the Department of Defense.
       ``(2) Availability of information.--The Office shall ensure 
     that the results of any research and reports produced 
     pursuant to an arrangement under paragraph (1) are made 
     available to the Federal Government, the private sector, 
     academia, and international partners consistent with 
     appropriate security classification guidance.'';
       (4) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
       (A) in paragraph (4), by striking the comma before the 
     period; and
       (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ``certified under 
     subsection (e) as being consistent with the roadmap under 
     subsection (d)'' and inserting ``certified under subsection 
     (f) as being consistent with the roadmap under subsection 
     (e)'';
       (5) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, by adding at the 
     end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) Submittal to congress.--
       ``(A) Initial submission.--Not later than 180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     the most recent roadmap developed under paragraph (1).
       ``(B) Subsequent submissions.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees each 
     roadmap revised under paragraph (1) together with the budget 
     submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United 
     States Code, for the fiscal year concerned.''; and
       (6) in subsection (f), as so redesignated--
       (A) by striking ``subsection (d)'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``subsection (e)''; and
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2016'' and inserting 
     ``2026''.

     SEC. 217. MODIFICATION OF PROOF OF CONCEPT COMMERCIALIZATION 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Extension of Program.--Section 1603(g) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
     113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is amended by striking ``2019'' 
     and inserting ``2024''.
       (b) Additional Improvements.--Section 1603 of such Act, as 
     amended by subsection (a), is further amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``of dual-use 
     technology'' after ``commercialization'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by inserting ``of Dual-Use Technology'' after 
     ``Commercialization''; and
       (B) by inserting ``with a focus on priority defense 
     technology areas that attract public and private sector 
     funding, as well as private sector investment capital, 
     including from venture capital firms in the United States,'' 
     before ``in accordance'';
       (3) in subsection (c)(4)(A)(iv), by inserting ``, which may 
     include access to venture capital'' after ``award'';
       (4) by striking subsection (d);
       (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d);
       (6) by inserting after subsection (d), as so redesignated, 
     the following new subsection (e):
       ``(e) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the 
     Secretary may use the following authorities:
       ``(1) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, 
     relating to public-private talent exchanges.
       ``(2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for 
     Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
       ``(3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
     advanced technology achievements.
       ``(4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of 
     Industrial and Technical Excellence.
       ``(5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
     Manufacturing Technology Program.
       ``(6) Section 225 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 
     note).
       ``(7) Section 1711 of such Act (Public Law 115-91; 10 
     U.S.C. 2505 note), relating to a pilot program on 
     strengthening manufacturing in the defense industrial base.
       ``(8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
     Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
     title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative 
     research and development agreements.''.
       (7) by striking subsection (f); and
       (8) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).

     SEC. 218. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY AND ADDITION OF 
                   TECHNOLOGY AREAS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO 
                   TECHNICAL TALENT.

       (a) Modification of Authority.--Subsection (a)(1) of 
     section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
     amended by striking ``The Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
     through the secretaries of the military departments, 
     establish'' and inserting ``Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     direct the secretaries of the military departments to 
     establish''.
       (b) Additional Technology Areas.--Subsection (e) of such 
     section is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (27) as paragraph (30); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (26) the following new 
     paragraph (27):
       ``(27) Rapid prototyping.
       ``(28) Infrastructure resilience.
       ``(29) Hypersonics.''.

     SEC. 219. EXPANSION OF COORDINATION IN SUPPORT OF NATIONAL 
                   SECURITY INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURIAL 
                   EDUCATION.

       Section 225(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(18) The Lab-Embedded Entrepreneurship Programs of the 
     Department of Energy.''.

     SEC. 220. MODIFICATION OF DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE 
                   AND TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``private sector 
     entities'' and inserting ``private sector and international 
     entities''; and
       (B) in paragraph (6), by striking ``facilities and 
     infrastructure'' and inserting ``facilities, workforce, and 
     infrastructure'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``quantum sciences;'' and 
     inserting ``quantum information sciences, including through 
     consultation with--
       ``(A) the National Quantum Coordination Office;
       ``(B) the subcommittee on Quantum Information Science of 
     the National Science and Technology Council;
       ``(C) other organizations and elements of the Department of 
     Defense;

[[Page H9412]]

       ``(D) other Federal agencies; and
       ``(E) appropriate private sector organizations;'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
     (6) and (7), respectively;
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (2), the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(3) in consultation with the entities listed in paragraph 
     (2), develop plans for--
       ``(A) the development of the quantum information science 
     and technology workforce;
       ``(B) enhancing awareness of quantum information science 
     and technology;
       ``(C) reducing the risk of cybersecurity threats posed by 
     quantum information science technology; and
       ``(D) development of ethical guidelines for the use of 
     quantum information science technology;
       ``(4) in consultation with the National Institute of 
     Standards and Technology and other appropriate Federal 
     entities, develop a quantum information science taxonomy and 
     standards and requirements for quantum information 
     technology;
       ``(5) support efforts to increase the technology readiness 
     level of quantum information science technologies under 
     development in the United States;'';
       (D) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``quantum science'' and inserting ``quantum information 
     science''; and
       (E) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by striking ``for 
     meeting the long-term challenges and achieving the specific 
     technical goals'' and inserting ``for carrying out the 
     program under subsection (a)'';
       (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e);
       (4) by inserting afer subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) Quantum Information Science Research Centers.--The 
     Secretary of each military department may establish or 
     designate a defense laboratory or establish activities to 
     engage with appropriate public and private sector 
     organizations, including academic organizations, to enhance 
     and accelerate the research, development, and deployment of 
     quantum information sciences and quantum information science-
     enabled technologies and systems. The Secretary of Defense 
     shall ensure that not less than one such laboratory or center 
     is established or designated.''; and
       (5) in paragraph (2) of subsection (e), as so 
     redesignated--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``information'' 
     before ``sciences'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B),
       (i) by inserting ``information'' before ``sciences''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``, including a discussion of likely 
     impacts of quantum information science and technology on 
     military capabilities'' before the period at the end;
       (C) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``information'' 
     before ``sciences'';
       (D) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F); 
     and
       (E) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the 
     following new subparagraphs:
       ``(D) A description of the activities carried out in 
     accordance with this section, including, for each such 
     activity--
       ``(i) a roadmap for the activity;
       ``(ii) a summary of the funding provided for the activity; 
     and
       ``(iii) an estimated timeline for the development and 
     military deployment of quantum technologies supported through 
     the activity.
       ``(E) A description of the efforts of the Department of 
     Defense to update classification and cybersecurity practices 
     relating to quantum technology, including--
       ``(i) security processes and requirements for engagement 
     with allied countries; and
       ``(ii) a plan for security-cleared government and 
     contractor workforce development.''.

     SEC. 221. UNDERSTANDING OF INVESTMENTS IN ARTIFICIAL 
                   INTELLIGENCE AND DEVELOPMENT OF CAPABILITIES BY 
                   ADVERSARIES.

       Section 238(c)(2)(I) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended--
       (1) in clause (i), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (2) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(iii) that appropriate entities in the Department are 
     reviewing all open source publications from both the United 
     States and outside the United States that contribute to, 
     affect, or advance--

       ``(I) artificial intelligence research and development; or
       ``(II) the understanding of the Secretary concerning the 
     investments by adversaries of the United States in artificial 
     intelligence and the development by such adversaries of 
     capabilities relating to artificial intelligence.''.

     SEC. 222. ADVISORY ROLE OF JASON SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY GROUP.

       (a) Ongoing Engagement of Certain Scientific Advisory 
     Personnel.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
     engage the members of the independent, private scientific 
     advisory group known as ``JASON'' as advisory personnel to 
     provide advice, on an ongoing basis, on matters involving 
     science, technology, and national security, including methods 
     to defeat existential and technologically-amplified threats 
     to national security.
       (2) Availability to other federal agencies.--At the request 
     of a Federal agency outside the Department of Defense, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall seek to make personnel engaged 
     under paragraph (1) available to such agency for the purpose 
     of providing advice to the agency on the matters described in 
     such subsection.
       (b) Arrangement for Conduct of National Security Studies 
     and Analysis.--
       (1) In general.--Pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary 
     of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment, shall seek to enter into an 
     arrangement under which JASON may provide national security 
     research studies and other analyses to the Department of 
     Defense and other Federal agencies to meet mission 
     requirements and agency needs.
       (2) Form of arrangement.--The arrangement entered into 
     under paragraph (1) shall be in a form the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment determines to be 
     appropriate for the Department of Defense, which may include 
     a contract, a grant, a cooperative agreement, the use of 
     other transaction authority under section 2371 of title 10, 
     United States Code, or another such arrangement.
       (3) Timing of arrangement.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     seek to enter into the arrangement under paragraph (1) not 
     later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.
       (4) Terms of arrangement.--The arrangement entered into 
     under paragraph (1) shall--
       (A) if specifically negotiated as part of the arrangement, 
     provide for the Department of Defense to reimburse the entity 
     supporting JASON for all or a portion of the overhead costs 
     incurred in support of the arrangement;
       (B) allow Federal Government entities outside the 
     Department of Defense with responsibilities relating to 
     national security to seek to engage JASON to perform 
     individual studies relating to national security matters as 
     part of the arrangement; and
       (C) require that a Federal agency that engages JASON to 
     perform a study under the arrangement will fully fund such 
     study, including a proportional percentage to the total 
     overhead costs incurred under the arrangement.
       (5) Limitation on termination.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may not terminate 
     the arrangement under paragraph (1) until a period of 180 
     days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary--
       (i) notifies the congressional defense committees of the 
     intent of the Secretary to terminate the arrangement; and
       (ii) submits the report required under subparagraph (B).
       (B) Report required.--
       (i) In general.--If the Secretary of Defense determines 
     that the arrangement under paragraph (1) should be 
     terminated, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on the proposed termination of 
     the arrangement.
       (ii) Elements.--The report required under clause (i) shall 
     include the following:

       (I) A summary of the execution of research projects 
     conducted by JASON over the four fiscal years preceding the 
     date of the report, including the projects requested by the 
     Department of Defense and the projects requested by other 
     Federal agencies.
       (II) An analysis of the costs to the Department of Defense 
     of maintaining the arrangement under which JASON provided 
     national security research studies, including any overhead 
     costs incurred by the Department or shared among Federal 
     agencies over the four fiscal years preceding the date of the 
     report.
       (III) A timeline for the potential transition or 
     termination of the activities, functions, and expertise 
     provided by JASON under the arrangement.
       (IV) An assessment of the impact that the termination of 
     the arrangement with JASON will have on defense research 
     studies and analytical capabilities, including a mitigation 
     plan that identifies where alternative and comparable 
     scientific advice and expertise is available and a comparison 
     of the costs associated with each alternative.

       (iii) Form of report.--The report required under clause (i) 
     may be submitted in unclassified or classified form.
       (6) Annual summary report.--Not later than March 1 of each 
     year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report that includes--
       (A) a summary of expenditures made under the arrangement 
     with JASON under paragraph (1); and
       (B) a summary of the studies and other activities carried 
     out by JASON pursuant to such arrangement in the preceding 
     calendar year.

     SEC. 223. DIRECT AIR CAPTURE AND BLUE CARBON REMOVAL 
                   TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.

       (a) Program Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
     with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
     Energy, and the heads of such other Federal agencies as the 
     Secretary of Defense considers appropriate, shall carry out a 
     program on research, development, testing, evaluation, study, 
     and demonstration of technologies related to blue carbon 
     capture and direct air capture.
       (2) Program goals.--The goals of the program established 
     under paragraph (1) are as follows:
       (A) To develop technologies that capture carbon dioxide 
     from seawater and the air to turn such carbon dioxide into 
     clean fuels to enhance fuel and energy security.
       (B) To develop and demonstrate technologies that capture 
     carbon dioxide from seawater and the air to reuse such carbon 
     dioxide to create products for military uses.
       (C) To develop direct air capture technologies for use--
       (i) at military installations or facilities of the 
     Department of Defense; or
       (ii) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast 
     Guard.
       (3) Phases.--The program established under paragraph (1) 
     shall be carried out in two phases as follows:

[[Page H9413]]

       (A) The first phase shall consist of research and 
     development and shall be carried out as described in 
     subsection (b).
       (B) The second phase shall consist of testing and 
     evaluation and shall be carried out as described in 
     subsection (c), if the Secretary determines that the results 
     of the research and development phase justify implementing 
     the testing and evaluation phase.
       (4) Designation.--The program established under paragraph 
     (1) shall be known as the ``Direct Air Capture and Blue 
     Carbon Removal Technology Program'' (in this section referred 
     to as the ``Program'').
       (b) Research and Development Phase.--
       (1) In general.--During the research and development phase 
     of the Program, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
     research and development in pursuit of the goals set forth in 
     subsection (a)(2).
       (2) Direct air capture.--The research and development phase 
     of the Program may include, with respect to direct air 
     capture, a front end engineering and design study that 
     includes an evaluation of direct air capture designs to 
     produce fuel for use--
       (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
     Department of Defense; or
       (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast 
     Guard.
       (3) Commencement.--The Secretary shall commence carrying 
     out the research and development phase of the Program not 
     later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.
       (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
     research and development phase of the Program through the 
     award of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
       (5) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the completion of the research and development phase 
     of the Program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
     report on the research and development carried out under the 
     Program.
       (c) Testing and Evaluation Phase.--
       (1) In general.--During the testing and evaluation phase of 
     the Program, the Secretary shall, in pursuit of the goals set 
     forth in subsection (a)(2), conduct tests and evaluations of 
     the technologies researched and developed during the research 
     and development phase of the Program.
       (2) Direct air capture.--The testing and evaluation phase 
     of the Program may include demonstration projects for direct 
     air capture to produce fuels for use--
       (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
     Department of Defense; or
       (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast 
     Guard.
       (3) Commencement.--Subject to subsection (a)(3)(B), the 
     Secretary shall commence carrying out the testing and 
     evaluation phase of the Program on the date of the completion 
     of the research and development phase described in subsection 
     (b), except that the testing and evaluation phase of the 
     Program with respect to direct air capture may commence at 
     such time after a front end engineering and design study 
     demonstrates to the Secretary that commencement of such phase 
     is appropriate.
       (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
     testing and evaluation phase of the Program through the award 
     of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
       (5) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the testing 
     and evaluation phase of the Program at military installations 
     or facilities of the Department of Defense.
       (6) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2026, 
     the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the 
     findings of the Secretary with respect to the effectiveness 
     of the technologies tested and evaluated under the Program.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``blue carbon capture'' means the removal of 
     dissolved carbon dioxide from seawater through engineered or 
     inorganic processes, including filters, membranes, or phase 
     change systems.
       (2)(A) The term ``direct air capture'', with respect to a 
     facility, technology, or system, means that the facility, 
     technology, or system uses carbon capture equipment to 
     capture carbon dioxide directly from the air.
       (B) The term ``direct air capture'' does not include any 
     facility, technology, or system that captures carbon 
     dioxide--
       (i) that is deliberately released from a naturally 
     occurring subsurface spring; or
       (ii) using natural photosynthesis.
       (3) The term ``eligible laboratory'' means--
       (A) a National Laboratory (as defined in section 2 of the 
     Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801));
       (B) a science and technology reinvention laboratory 
     designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
     U.S.C. 2358 note);
       (C) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in 
     section 2358a(f) of title 10, United States Code); or
       (D) any other facility that supports the research, 
     development, test, and evaluation activities of the 
     Department of Defense or the Department of Energy.

     SEC. 224. REQUIRING DEFENSE MICROELECTRONICS PRODUCTS AND 
                   SERVICES MEET TRUSTED SUPPLY CHAIN AND 
                   OPERATIONAL SECURITY STANDARDS.

       (a) Purchases.--To protect the United States from 
     intellectual property theft and to ensure national security 
     and public safety in the application of new generations of 
     wireless network technology and microelectronics, beginning 
     no later than January 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     ensure that each microelectronics product or service that the 
     Department of Defense purchases on or after such date meets 
     the applicable trusted supply chain and operational security 
     standards established pursuant to subsection (b), except in a 
     case in which the Department seeks to purchase a 
     microelectronics product or service but--
       (1) no such product or service is available for purchase 
     that meets such standards; or
       (2) no such product or service is available for purchase 
     that--
       (A) meets such standards; and
       (B) is available at a price that the Secretary does not 
     consider prohibitively expensive.
       (b) Trusted Supply Chain and Operational Security 
     Standards.--
       (1) Standards required.--(A) Not later than January 1, 
     2021, the Secretary shall establish trusted supply chain and 
     operational security standards for the purchase of 
     microelectronics products and services by the Department.
       (B) For purposes of this section, a trusted supply chain 
     and operational security standard--
       (i) is a standard that systematizes best practices relevant 
     to--
       (I) manufacturing location;
       (II) company ownership;
       (III) workforce composition;
       (IV) access during manufacturing, suppliers' design, 
     sourcing, manufacturing, packaging, and distribution 
     processes;
       (V) reliability of the supply chain; and
       (VI) other matters germane to supply chain and operational 
     security; and
       (ii) is not a military standard (also known as ``MIL-STD'') 
     or a military specification (also known as ``MIL-SPEC'') for 
     microelectronics that--
       (I) specifies individual features for Department of Defense 
     microelectronics; or
       (II) otherwise inhibits the acquisition by the Department 
     of securely manufactured, commercially-available products.
       (2) Consultation required.--In developing standards under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with the 
     following:
       (A) The Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
     State, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Director of the 
     National Institute of Standards and Technology.
       (B) Suppliers of microelectronics products and services 
     from the United States and allies and partners of the United 
     States.
       (C) Representatives of major United States industry sectors 
     that rely on a trusted supply chain and the operational 
     security of microelectronics products and services.
       (D) Representatives of the United States insurance 
     industry.
       (3) Tiers of trust and levels of security authorized.--In 
     carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary may establish tiers 
     and levels of trust and security within the supply chain and 
     operational security standards for microelectronics products 
     and services.
       (4) General applicability.--The standards established 
     pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be, to the greatest extent 
     practicable, generally applicable to the trusted supply chain 
     and operational security needs and use cases of the United 
     States Government and commercial industry, such that the 
     standards could be widely adopted by government agencies, 
     commercial industry, and allies and partners of the United 
     States as the basis for procuring microelectronics products 
     and services.
       (5) Annual review.--Not later than October 1 of each year, 
     the Secretary shall, in consultation with persons and 
     entities set forth under paragraph (2), review the standards 
     established pursuant to paragraph (1) and issue updates or 
     modifications as the Secretary considers necessary or 
     appropriate.
       (c) Ensuring Ability to Sell Commercially.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall, to the greatest 
     extent practicable, ensure that suppliers of microelectronics 
     products and services for the Department of Defense subject 
     to subsection (a) are able and incentivized to sell products 
     commercially and to governments of allies and partners of the 
     United States that are produced on the same production lines 
     as the microelectronics products supplied to the Department 
     of Defense.
       (2) Effect of requirements and acquisitions.--The Secretary 
     shall, to the greatest extent practicable, ensure that the 
     requirements of the Department and the acquisition by the 
     Department of microelectronics enable the success of a dual-
     use microelectronics industry.
       (d) Maintaining Competition and Innovation.--The Secretary 
     shall take such actions as the Secretary considers necessary 
     and appropriate, within the Secretary's authorized activities 
     to maintain the health of the defense industrial base, to 
     ensure that--
       (1) providers of microelectronics products and services 
     that meet the standards established under subsection (b) are 
     exposed to competitive market pressures to achieve 
     competitive pricing and sustained innovation; and
       (2) the industrial base of microelectronics products and 
     services that meet the standards established under subsection 
     (b) includes providers manufacturing in the United States or 
     in countries that are allies or partners of the United 
     States.

     SEC. 225. DEVELOPMENT AND ACQUISITION STRATEGY TO PROCURE 
                   SECURE, LOW PROBABILITY OF DETECTION DATA LINK 
                   NETWORK CAPABILITY.

       (a) Strategy Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
     Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Chief of Naval 
     Operations, and the Chief of Staff of the Army shall jointly 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a joint 
     development and acquisition strategy to procure a secure, low 
     probability of detection data link network capability, with 
     the ability to effectively operate in hostile jamming 
     environments while preserving the low observability 
     characteristics of the relevant platforms, including both 
     existing and planned platforms.

[[Page H9414]]

       (b) Network Characteristics.--The data link network 
     capability to be procured pursuant to the development and 
     acquisition strategy submitted under subsection (a) shall--
       (1) ensure that any network made with such capability will 
     be low risk and affordable, with minimal impact or change to 
     existing host platforms and minimal overall integration 
     costs;
       (2) use a non-proprietary and open systems approach 
     compatible with the Rapid Capabilities Office Open Mission 
     Systems initiative of the Air Force, the Future Airborne 
     Capability Environment initiative of the Navy, and the 
     Modular Open Systems Architecture initiative of the Army; and
       (3) provide for an architecture to connect, with 
     operationally relevant throughput and latency--
       (A) fifth-generation combat aircraft;
       (B) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft;
       (C) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft 
     and appropriate support aircraft and other network nodes for 
     command, control, communications, intelligence, surveillance, 
     and reconnaissance purposes; and
       (D) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft 
     and their associated network-enabled precision weapons.
       (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act for fiscal year 2020 for operation and 
     maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, 
     for operation and maintenance for the Office of the Secretary 
     of the Navy, and for operations and maintenance for the 
     Office of the Secretary of the Army, not more than 50 percent 
     may be obligated or expended until the date that is 15 days 
     after the date on which the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, 
     the Chief of Naval Operations, and the Chief of Staff of the 
     Army, respectively, submit the development and acquisition 
     strategy required by subsection (a).

     SEC. 226. ESTABLISHMENT OF SECURE NEXT-GENERATION WIRELESS 
                   NETWORK (5G) INFRASTRUCTURE FOR THE NEVADA TEST 
                   AND TRAINING RANGE AND BASE INFRASTRUCTURE.

       (a) Establishment Required.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall establish secure fifth-generation wireless 
     network components and capabilities at no fewer than two 
     Department of Defense installations in accordance with this 
     section.
       (b) Installations.--
       (1) Locations.--The Secretary shall establish components 
     and capabilities under subsection (a) at the following:
       (A) The Nevada Test and Training Range, which shall serve 
     as a Major Range and Test Facility Base (MRTFB) for fifth-
     generation wireless networking.
       (B) Such Department installations or other installations as 
     the Secretary considers appropriate for the purpose set forth 
     in paragraph (2).
       (2) Purpose.--The purpose of the establishment of 
     components and capabilities under subsection (a) at the 
     locations described in paragraph (1) of this subsection is to 
     demonstrate the following:
       (A) The potential military utility of high bandwidth, 
     scalable, and low latency fifth-generation wireless 
     networking technology.
       (B) Advanced security technology that is applicable to 
     fifth-generation networks as well as legacy Department 
     command and control networks.
       (C) Secure interoperability with fixed and wireless systems 
     (legacy and future systems).
       (D) Enhancements such as spectrum and waveform diversity, 
     frequency hopping and spreading, and beam forming for 
     military requirements.
       (E) Technology for dynamic network slicing for specific use 
     cases and applications requiring varying levels of latency, 
     scale, and throughput.
       (F) Technology for dynamic spectrum sharing and network 
     isolation.
       (G) Base infrastructure installation of high bandwidth, 
     scalable, and low latency fifth-generation wireless 
     networking technology.
       (H) Applications for secure fifth-generation wireless 
     network capabilities for the Department, such as the 
     following:
       (i) Interactive augmented reality or synthetic training 
     environments.
       (ii) Internet of things devices.
       (iii) Autonomous systems.
       (iv) Advanced manufacturing through the following:

       (I) Department-sponsored centers for manufacturing 
     innovation (as defined in section 34(c) of the National 
     Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 
     278s(c))).
       (II) Department research and development organizations.
       (III) Manufacturers in the defense industrial base of the 
     United States.

     SEC. 227. ADMINISTRATION OF MANUFACTURING INNOVATION 
                   INSTITUTES FUNDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall make such 
     changes to the administration of covered institutes so as--
       (1) to encourage covered institutes to leverage existing 
     workforce development programs across the Federal Government 
     and State governments in order to build successful workforce 
     development programs;
       (2) to develop metrics to evaluate the workforce 
     development performed by the covered institutes, including 
     metrics on job quality, career pathways, wages and benefits, 
     and efforts to support veterans, and progress in aligning 
     workforce skillsets with the current and long-term needs of 
     the Department of Defense and the defense industrial base;
       (3) to allow metrics to vary between covered institutes and 
     be updated and evaluated continuously in order to more 
     accurately evaluate covered institutes with different goals 
     and missions;
       (4) to encourage covered institutes to consider developing 
     technologies that were previously funded by Federal 
     Government investment for early-stage research and 
     development and expand cross-government coordination and 
     collaboration to achieve this goal;
       (5) to provide an opportunity for increased Department of 
     Defense input and oversight from senior-level military and 
     civilian personnel on future technology roadmaps produced by 
     covered institutes;
       (6) to reduce the barriers to collaboration between and 
     among multiple covered institutes;
       (7) to use contracting vehicles that can increase 
     flexibility, reduce barriers for contracting with subject-
     matter experts and small and medium enterprises, enhance 
     partnerships between covered institutes, and reduce the time 
     to award contracts at covered institutes; and
       (8) to overcome barriers to the adoption of manufacturing 
     processes and technologies developed by the covered 
     institutes by the defense and commercial industrial base, 
     particularly small and medium enterprises, by engaging with 
     public and private sector partnerships and appropriate 
     government programs and activities, including the Hollings 
     Manufacturing Extension Partnership.
       (b) Coordination With Other Activities.--The Secretary 
     shall carry out this section in coordination with activities 
     undertaken under--
       (1) the Manufacturing Technology Program established under 
     section 2521 of title 10, United States Code;
       (2) the Manufacturing Engineering Education Program 
     established under section 2196 of such title;
       (3) the Defense Manufacturing Community Support Program 
     established under section 846 of the John S. McCain National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
     115-232);
       (4) manufacturing initiatives of the Secretary of Commerce, 
     the head of the National Office of the Manufacturing USA 
     Network, the Secretary of Energy, and such other government 
     and private sector organizations as the Secretary of Defense 
     considers appropriate; and
       (5) such other activities as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (c) Definition of Covered Institute.--In this section, the 
     term ``covered institute'' means a manufacturing innovation 
     institute that is funded by the Department of Defense.

     SEC. 228. RESEARCH PROGRAM ON FOREIGN MALIGN INFLUENCE 
                   OPERATIONS.

       (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, may carry out a research program on foreign 
     malign influence operations as part of the university 
     research programs of the Department of Defense.
       (b) Program Objectives.--The objectives of a research 
     program carried out under subsection (a) should include the 
     following:
       (1) Enhance the understanding of foreign malign influence 
     operations, including activities conducted on social media 
     platforms.
       (2) Facilitate the analysis of publicly available or 
     voluntarily provided indicators of foreign malign influence 
     operations.
       (3) Promote collaborative research and information exchange 
     with relevant entities within the Department of Defense and 
     with other agencies or nongovernmental organizations relating 
     to foreign malign influence operations, as appropriate.
       (c) Notice to Congress.--Not later than 30 days before 
     initiating a research program under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees notice of the intent of the Secretary to 
     initiate such a program, which shall include--
       (1) a detailed description of the program and any related 
     research activities;
       (2) the estimated cost and duration of the program; and
       (3) any other matters the Secretary determines to be 
     relevant.

     SEC. 229. DIVERSIFICATION OF THE RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING 
                   WORKFORCE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Assessment Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering 
     and in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Personnel and Readiness, shall conduct an assessment of 
     critical skillsets required across, and the diversity of, the 
     research and engineering workforce of the Department of 
     Defense, including the science and technology reinvention 
     laboratories, to support emerging and future warfighter 
     technologies.
       (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
     shall include analysis of the following:
       (A) The percentage of women and minorities employed in the 
     research and engineering workforce of the Department of 
     Defense as of the date of the assessment.
       (B) Of the individuals hired into the research and 
     engineering workforce of the Department in the five years 
     preceding the date of the assessment, the percentage of such 
     individuals who are women and minorities.
       (C) The effectiveness of existing hiring, recruitment, and 
     retention incentives for women and minorities in the research 
     and engineering workforce of the Department.
       (D) The effectiveness of the Department in recruiting women 
     and minorities into the laboratory workforce after such 
     individuals complete work on Department-funded research, 
     projects, grant projects, fellowships, and STEM programs.
       (E) The geographical diversity of the workforce across 
     various geographic regions.
       (b) Plan Required.--
       (1) In general.--Based on the results of the assessment 
     conducted under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, 
     acting through the Under

[[Page H9415]]

     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall develop and implement a plan to diversify 
     and strengthen the research and engineering workforce of the 
     Department of Defense.
       (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall--
       (A) align with science and technology strategy priorities 
     of the Department of Defense, including the emerging and 
     future warfighter technology requirements identified by the 
     Department;
       (B) except as provided in subsection (c)(2), set forth 
     steps for the implementation of each recommendation included 
     in the 2013 report of the RAND corporation titled ``First 
     Steps Toward Improving DoD STEM Workforce Diversity'';
       (C) harness the full range of the Department's STEM 
     programs and other Department sponsored programs to develop 
     and attract top talent;
       (D) use existing authorities to attract and retain 
     students, academics, and other talent;
       (E) establish and use contracts, agreements, or other 
     arrangements with institutions of higher education (as 
     defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
     (20 U.S.C. 1001)), including historically black colleges and 
     universities and other minority-serving institutions (as 
     described in section 371(a) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)) 
     to enable easy and efficient access to research and 
     researchers for Government sponsored basic and applied 
     research and studies at each institution, including 
     contracts, agreements, and other authorized arrangements such 
     as those authorized under--
       (i) section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 
     note); and
       (ii) such other authorities as the Secretary determines to 
     be appropriate; and
       (F) include recommendations for changes in authorities, 
     regulations, policies, or any other relevant areas that would 
     support the achievement of the goals set forth in the plan.
       (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report that includes--
       (A) the plan developed under paragraph (1); and
       (B) with respect to each recommendation described in 
     paragraph (2)(B) that the Secretary has implemented or 
     expects to implement--
       (i) a summary of actions that have been taken to implement 
     the recommendation; and
       (ii) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
     the implementation of the recommendation.
       (c) Deadline for Implementation.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
     later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act the Secretary of Defense shall carry out activities to 
     implement the plan developed under subsection (b).
       (2) Exception for implementation of certain 
     recommendations.--
       (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     commence implementation of a recommendation described in 
     subsection (b)(2)(B) after the date specified in paragraph 
     (1) if the Secretary provides the congressional defense 
     committees with a specific justification for the delay in 
     implementation of such recommendation on or before such date.
       (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may opt 
     not to implement a recommendation described in subsection 
     (b)(2)(B) if the Secretary provides to the congressional 
     defense committees, on or before the date specified in 
     paragraph (1)--
       (i) a specific justification for the decision not to 
     implement the recommendation; and
       (ii) a summary of the alternative actions the Secretary 
     plans to take to address the issues underlying the 
     recommendation.
       (d) STEM Defined.--In this section, the term ``STEM'' means 
     science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

     SEC. 230. POLICY ON THE TALENT MANAGEMENT OF DIGITAL 
                   EXPERTISE AND SOFTWARE PROFESSIONALS.

       (a) Policy.--
       (1) In general.--It shall be a policy of the Department of 
     Defense to promote and maintain digital expertise and 
     software development as core competencies of civilian and 
     military workforces of the Department, and as a capability to 
     support the National Defense Strategy, which policy shall be 
     achieved by--
       (A) the recruitment, development, and incentivization of 
     retention in and to the civilian and military workforce of 
     the Department of individuals with aptitude, experience, 
     proficient expertise, or a combination thereof in digital 
     expertise and software development;
       (B) at the discretion of the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, the development and maintenance of civilian and 
     military career tracks related to digital expertise, and 
     related digital competencies for members of the Armed Forces, 
     including the development and maintenance of training, 
     education, talent management, incentives, and promotion 
     policies in support of members at all levels of such career 
     tracks; and
       (C) the development and application of appropriate 
     readiness standards and metrics to measure and report on the 
     overall capability, capacity, utilization, and readiness of 
     digital engineering professionals to develop and deliver 
     operational capabilities and employ modern business 
     practices.
       (2) Digital engineering defined.--For purposes of this 
     section, the term ``digital engineering'' means the 
     discipline and set of skills involved in the creation, 
     processing, transmission, integration, and storage of digital 
     data, including data science, machine learning, software 
     engineering, software product management, and artificial 
     intelligence product management.
       (b) Implementation Plan.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     plan that describes how the Department of Defense will 
     execute the policy described in subsection (a).
       (c) Responsibility.--
       (1) Appointment of officer.--Not later than 270 days after 
     the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     may appoint a civilian official responsible for the 
     development and implementation of the policy and 
     implementation plan set forth in subsections (a) and (b), 
     respectively. The official shall be known as the ``Chief 
     Digital Engineering Recruitment and Management Officer of the 
     Department of Defense''.
       (2) Expiration of appointment.--The appointment of the 
     Officer under paragraph (1) shall expire on September 30, 
     2024.

     SEC. 231. DIGITAL ENGINEERING CAPABILITY TO AUTOMATE TESTING 
                   AND EVALUATION.

       (a) Digital Engineering Capability.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
     digital engineering capability to be used--
       (A) for the development and deployment of digital 
     engineering models for use in the defense acquisition 
     process; and
       (B) to provide testing infrastructure and software to 
     support automated approaches for testing, evaluation, and 
     deployment throughout the defense acquisition process.
       (2) Requirements.--The capability developed under 
     subsection (a) shall meet the following requirements:
       (A) The capability will be accessible to, and useable by, 
     individuals throughout the Department of Defense who have 
     responsibilities relating to capability design, development, 
     testing, evaluation, and operation.
       (B) The capability will provide for the development, 
     validation, use, curation, and maintenance of technically 
     accurate digital systems, models of systems, subsystems, and 
     their components, at the appropriate level of fidelity to 
     ensure that test activities adequately simulate the 
     environment in which a system will be deployed.
       (C) The capability will include software to automate 
     testing throughout the program life cycle, including to 
     satisfy developmental test requirements and operational test 
     requirements. Such software may be developed in accordance 
     with the authorities provided under section 800, and shall 
     support--
       (i) security testing that includes vulnerability scanning 
     and penetration testing performed by individuals, including 
     threat-based red team exploitations and assessments with 
     zero-trust assumptions; and
       (ii) high-confidence distribution of software to the field 
     on a time-bound, repeatable, frequent, and iterative basis.
       (b) Demonstration Activities.--
       (1) In general.--In developing the capability required 
     under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall carry 
     out activities to demonstrate digital engineering approaches 
     to automated testing that--
       (A) enable continuous software development and delivery;
       (B) satisfy developmental test requirements for the 
     software-intensive programs of the Department of Defense; and
       (C) satisfy operational test and evaluation requirements 
     for such programs.
       (2) Program selection.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall assess and select not fewer than four and not more than 
     ten programs of the Department of Defense to participate in 
     the demonstration activities under paragraph (1), including--
       (A) at least one program participating in the pilot program 
     authorized under section 873 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 
     U.S.C. 2223a note);
       (B) at least one program participating in the pilot program 
     authorized under section 874 of such Act (Public Law 115-91; 
     10 U.S.C. 2302 note);
       (C) at least one major defense acquisition program (as 
     defined in section 2430 of title 10, United States Code);
       (D) at least one command and control program;
       (E) at least one defense business system (as defined in 
     section 2222(i) of title 10, United States Code); and
       (F) at least one program from each military service.
       (3) Additional requirements.--As part of the demonstration 
     activities under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
       (A) conduct a comparative analysis that assesses the risks 
     and benefits of the digital engineering supported automated 
     testing approaches of the programs participating in the 
     demonstration activities relative to traditional testing 
     approaches that are not supported by digital engineering;
       (B) ensure that the intellectual property strategy for each 
     of the programs participating in the demonstration activities 
     is best aligned to meet the goals of the program; and
       (C) develop a workforce and infrastructure plan to support 
     any new policies and guidance implemented in connection with 
     the demonstration activities, including any policies and 
     guidance implemented after the completion of such activities.
       (c) Policies and Guidance Required.--Not later than one 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act, based on 
     the results of the demonstration activities carried out under 
     subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall issue or 
     modify policies and guidance to--
       (1) promote the use of digital engineering capabilities for 
     development and for automated testing; and

[[Page H9416]]

       (2) address roles, responsibilities, and procedures 
     relating to such capabilities.
       (d) Steering Committee.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
     steering committee to assist the Secretary in carrying out 
     subsections (a) through (c).
       (2) Membership.--The steering committee shall be composed 
     of the following members or their designees:
       (A) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering.
       (B) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment.
       (C) The Chief Information Officer.
       (D) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
       (E) The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.
       (F) The Service Acquisition Executives.
       (G) The Service testing commands.
       (H) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.
       (e) Reports Required.--
       (1) Implementation.--Not later than March 15, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on the progress of the Secretary 
     in implementing subsections (a) through (c). The report shall 
     include an explanation of how the results of the 
     demonstration activities carried out under subsection (b) 
     will be incorporated into the policy and guidance required 
     under subsection (c), particularly the policy and guidance of 
     the members of the steering committee established under 
     subsection (d).
       (2) Legislative recommendations.--Not later than October 
     15, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
     congressional defense committees a briefing that identifies 
     any changes to existing law that may be necessary to 
     facilitate the implementation of subsections (a) through (c).
       (f) Independent Assessment.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than March 15, 2021, the Defense 
     Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board shall jointly 
     complete an independent assessment of the progress of the 
     Secretary in implementing subsections (a) through (c). The 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Defense Innovation 
     Board and the Defense Science Board have access to the 
     resources, data, and information necessary to complete the 
     assessment.
       (2) Information to congress.--Not later than 30 days after 
     the date on which the assessment under paragraph (1) is 
     completed, the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense 
     Science Board shall jointly provide to the congressional 
     defense committees--
       (A) a report summarizing the assessment; and
       (B) a briefing on the findings of the assessment.

     SEC. 232. PROCESS TO ALIGN POLICY FORMULATION AND EMERGING 
                   TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT.

       (a) Alignment of Policy and Technological Development.--Not 
     later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a process to 
     ensure that the policies of the Department of Defense 
     relating to emerging technology are formulated and updated 
     continuously as such technology is developed by the 
     Department.
       (b) Elements.--As part of the process established under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
       (1) specify the role of each covered official in ensuring 
     that the formulation of policies relating to emerging 
     technology is carried out concurrently with the development 
     of such technology; and
       (2) incorporate procedures for the continuous legal review 
     of--
       (A) weapons and other defense systems that incorporate or 
     use emerging technology; and
       (B) treaties that may be affected by such technology.
       (c) Briefing Required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     date on which the Secretary of Defense establishes the 
     process required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
     provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
     such process.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered official'' means the following:
       (A) The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
       (B) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering.
       (C) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment.
       (D) The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
       (E) The commanders of combatant commands with 
     responsibilities involving the use of weapons or other 
     defense systems that incorporate or use emerging technology, 
     as determined by the Secretary of Defense.
       (F) The Secretaries of the military departments.
       (2) The term ``emerging technology'' means technology 
     determined to be in an emerging phase of development by the 
     Secretary of Defense, including quantum computing, technology 
     for the analysis of large and diverse sets of data (commonly 
     known as ``big data analytics''), artificial intelligence, 
     autonomous technology, robotics, directed energy, 
     hypersonics, biotechnology, and such other technology as may 
     be identified by the Secretary.

     SEC. 233. IMPROVEMENT OF THE STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE OF 
                   THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Organization.--
       (1) Authority of deputy secretary of defense.--The Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense shall exercise authority and direction 
     over the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department of 
     Defense (referred to in this section as the ``Office'').
       (2) Authority of director.--The Director of the Office 
     shall report directly to the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
       (3) Delegation.--In exercising authority and direction over 
     the Office under subsection (a), the Deputy Secretary of 
     Defense may delegate administrative, management, and other 
     duties to the Director of the Defense Advanced Research 
     Projects Agency, as needed, to effectively and efficiently 
     execute the mission of the Office.
       (b) Cross-functional Teams.--
       (1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of enactment of this Act, the Deputy Secretary of Defense 
     shall establish the following cross-functional teams to 
     improve the effectiveness of the Office:
       (A) A transition cross-functional team to improve the 
     efficiency and effectiveness with which the programs of the 
     Office may be transitioned into--
       (i) research and development programs of the military 
     services and other agencies of the Department of Defense; and
       (ii) programs of such services and agencies in operational 
     use.
       (B) A technical cross functional team to improve the 
     continuous technical assessment and review of the programs of 
     the Office during program selection and execution.
       (2) Membership.--The Deputy Secretary of Defense shall 
     select individuals to serve on the cross-functional teams 
     described in paragraph (1) from among individuals in the 
     defense research and engineering enterprise, acquisition 
     community, Joint Staff, combatant commands, and other 
     organizations, as determined to be appropriate by the Deputy 
     Secretary.

     SEC. 234. PILOT PROGRAM ON ENHANCED CIVICS EDUCATION.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of Education, shall carry out a pilot 
     program under which the Secretary provides enhanced 
     educational support and funding to eligible entities to 
     improve civics education programs taught by such entities.
       (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot program is to 
     provide enhanced civics education on the following topics:
       (1) Critical thinking and media literacy.
       (2) Voting and other forms of political and civic 
     engagement.
       (3) Interest in employment, and careers, in public service.
       (4) Understanding of United States law, history, and 
     Government.
       (5) The ability of participants to collaborate and 
     compromise with others to solve problems.
       (c) Considerations.--In carrying out the pilot program, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall consider innovative approaches for 
     improving civics education.
       (d) Metrics and Evaluations.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall establish metrics and undertake evaluations to 
     determine the effectiveness of the pilot program, including 
     each of the activities carried out under subsection (e).
       (e) Types of Support Authorized.--Under the pilot program 
     the Secretary of Defense--
       (1) shall provide support to eligible entities to address, 
     at a minimum--
       (A) the development or modification of curricula relating 
     to civics education;
       (B) classroom activities, thesis projects, individual or 
     team projects, internships, or community service activities 
     relating to civics;
       (C) collaboration with government entities, nonprofit 
     organizations, or consortia of such entities and 
     organizations to provide participants with civics-related 
     experiences;
       (D) civics-related faculty development programs;
       (E) recruitment of educators who are highly qualified in 
     civics education to teach civics or to assist with the 
     development of curricula for civics education;
       (F) presentation of seminars, workshops, and training for 
     the development of skills associated with civic engagement;
       (G) activities that enable participants to interact with 
     government officials and entities;
       (H) expansion of civics education programs and outreach for 
     members of the Armed Forces, dependents and children of such 
     members, and employees of the Department of Defense; and
       (I) opportunities for participants to obtain work 
     experience in fields relating to civics; and
       (2) may provide any other form of support the Secretary 
     determines to be appropriate to enhance the civics education 
     taught by eligible entities.
       (f) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the conclusion 
     of the first full academic year during which the pilot 
     program is carried out, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     includes--
       (1) a description of the pilot program, including the a 
     description of the specific activities carried out under 
     subsection (e); and
       (2) the metrics and evaluations used to assess the 
     effectiveness of the program as required under subsection 
     (d).
       (g) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``civics education program'' means an 
     educational program that provides participants with--
       (A) knowledge of law, government, and the rights of 
     citizens; and
       (B) skills that enable participants to responsibly 
     participate in democracy.
       (2) The term ``eligible entity'' means any of following:
       (A) A local education agency that hosts a unit of the 
     Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
       (B) A school operated by the Department of Defense 
     Education Activity.

     SEC. 235. TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY FELLOWSHIP.

       (a) Fellowship Program.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the Under Secretary of Defense

[[Page H9417]]

     for Research and Engineering, may establish a civilian 
     fellowship program designed to place eligible individuals 
     within the Department of Defense and Congress to increase the 
     number of national security professionals with science, 
     technology, engineering, and mathematics credentials employed 
     by the Department.
       (2) Designation.--The fellowship program established under 
     paragraph (1) shall be known as the ``Technology and National 
     Security Fellowship'' (in this section referred to as the 
     ``fellows program'').
       (3) Assignments.--Each individual selected for 
     participation in the fellows program shall be assigned to a 
     one year position within--
       (A) the Department of Defense; or
       (B) a congressional office with emphasis on defense and 
     national security matters.
       (4) Pay and benefits.--To the extent practicable, each 
     individual assigned to a position under paragraph (3)--
       (A) shall be compensated at a rate of basic pay that is 
     equivalent to the rate of basic pay payable for a position at 
     level 10 of the General Schedule; and
       (B) shall be treated as an employee of the United States 
     during the assignment.
       (b) Eligible Individuals.--
       (1) Eligibility for dod assignment.--Subject to subsection 
     (e), an individual eligible for an assignment in the 
     Department of Defense under subsection (a)(3)(A) is an 
     individual who--
       (A) is a citizen of the United States; and
       (B) either--
       (i) expects to be awarded a bachelor's degree, associate's 
     degree, or graduate degree that, as determined by the 
     Secretary, focuses on science, technology, engineering, or 
     mathematics course work not later than 180 days after the 
     date on which the individual submits an application for 
     participation in the fellows program;
       (ii) possesses a bachelor's degree, associate's degree, or 
     graduate degree that, as determined by the Secretary, focuses 
     on science, technology, engineering, or mathematics course 
     work; or
       (iii) is an employee of the Department of Defense and 
     possesses a bachelor's degree, associate's degree, or 
     graduate degree that, as determined by the Secretary, focuses 
     on science, technology, engineering, or mathematics course 
     work.
       (2) Eligibility for congressional assignment.--Subject to 
     subsection (e), an individual eligible for an assignment in a 
     congressional office under subsection (a)(3)(B) is an 
     individual who--
       (A) meets the requirements specified in paragraph (1); and
       (B) has not less than 3 years of relevant work experience 
     in the field of science, technology, engineering, or 
     mathematics.
       (c) Application.--Each individual seeking to participate in 
     the fellows program shall submit to the Secretary an 
     application therefor at such time and in such manner as the 
     Secretary shall specify.
       (d) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the 
     Secretary may consider working through the following 
     entities:
       (1) The National Security Innovation Network.
       (2) Universities.
       (3) Science and technology reinvention laboratories and 
     test and evaluation centers of the Department of Defense.
       (4) Other organizations of the Department of Defense or 
     public and private sector organizations, as determined 
     appropriate by the Secretary.
       (e) Modifications to Fellows Program.--The Secretary may 
     modify the terms and procedures of the fellows program in 
     order to better achieve the goals of the program and to 
     support workforce needs of the Department of Defense.
       (f) Consultation.--The Secretary may consult with the heads 
     of the agencies, components, and other elements of the 
     Department of Defense, Members and committees of Congress, 
     and such institutions of higher education and private 
     entities engaged in work on national security and emerging 
     technologies as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
     purposes of the fellows program, including with respect to 
     assignments in the fellows program.

     SEC. 236. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO THE ADVANCED BATTLE 
                   MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

       (a) Documentation Required.--Not later than the date 
     specified in subsection (b), the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
     following documentation relating to the Advanced Battle 
     Management System:
       (1) A list that identifies each program, project, and 
     activity that contributes to the architecture of the Advanced 
     Battle Management System.
       (2) The final analysis of alternatives for the Advanced 
     Battle Management System.
       (3) The requirements for the networked data architecture 
     necessary for the Advanced Battle Management System to 
     provide multidomain command and control and battle management 
     capabilities and a development schedule for such 
     architecture.
       (b) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection 
     is the earlier of--
       (1) the date that is 180 days after the date on which the 
     final analysis of alternatives for the Advanced Battle 
     Management System is completed; or
       (2) June 1, 2020.
       (c) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' means 
     the Advanced Battle Management System of Systems capability 
     of the Air Force, including each program, project, and 
     activity that contributes to such capability.

     SEC. 237. SENSOR DATA INTEGRATION FOR FIFTH GENERATION 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) F-35 Sensor Data.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     ensure that--
       (1) information collected by the passive and active on-
     board sensors of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft is 
     capable of being shared, in real time, with joint service 
     users in cases in which the Joint Force Commander determines 
     that sharing such information would be operationally 
     advantageous; and
       (2) the Secretary has developed achievable, effective, and 
     suitable concepts and supporting technical architectures to 
     collect, store, manage, and disseminate information collected 
     by such sensors.
       (b) GAO Study and Report.--
       (1) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall conduct a study of the sensor data collection and 
     dissemination capability of fifth generation aircraft of the 
     Department of Defense.
       (2) Elements.--The study required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include an assessment of the following--
       (A) the extent to which the Department has established 
     doctrinal, organizational, or technological methods of 
     managing the large amount of sensor data that is currently 
     collected and which may be collected by existing and planned 
     advanced fifth generation aircraft;
       (B) the status of the existing sensor data collection, 
     storage, dissemination, and management capability and 
     capacity of fifth generation aircraft, including the F-35, 
     the F-22, and the B-21; and
       (C) the ability of the F-35 aircraft and other fifth 
     generation aircraft to share information collected by the 
     aircraft in real-time with other joint service users as 
     described in subsection (a)(1).
       (3) Study results.--
       (A) Interim briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General 
     shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
     briefing on the preliminary findings of the study conducted 
     under this subsection.
       (B) Final results.--The Comptroller General shall provide 
     the final results of the study conducted under this 
     subsection to the congressional defense committees at such 
     time and in such format as is mutually agreed upon by the 
     committees and the Comptroller General at the time of the 
     briefing under subparagraph (A).

     SEC. 238. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON FUTURE VERTICAL LIFT 
                   TECHNOLOGIES.

       It is the sense of Congress that the Army should continue 
     to invest in research, development, test, and evaluation 
     programs to mature future vertical lift technologies, 
     including programs to improve pilot situational awareness, 
     increase flight operations safety, and reduce operation and 
     maintenance costs.

     SEC. 239. USE OF FUNDS FOR STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 
                   PROGRAM, ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY TECHNICAL 
                   CERTIFICATION PROGRAM, AND OPERATIONAL ENERGY 
                   CAPABILITY IMPROVEMENT.

       Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
     2020 for the use of the Department of Defense for research, 
     development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the 
     funding table in section 4201 for the Strategic Environmental 
     Research Program, Operational Energy Capability Improvement, 
     and the Environmental Security Technical Certification 
     Program, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting through the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
     expend amounts as follows:
       (1) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development and 
     demonstration of long duration on-site energy battery storage 
     for distributed energy assets.
       (2) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, 
     demonstration, and validation of non-fluorine based 
     firefighting foams.
       (3) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, 
     demonstration, and validation of secure microgrids for both 
     installations and forward operating bases.
       (4) Not less than $1,000,000 on the development, 
     demonstration, and validation of technologies that can 
     harvest potable water from air.

     SEC. 240. LIMITATION AND REPORT ON INDIRECT FIRE PROTECTION 
                   CAPABILITY INCREMENT 2 CAPABILITY.

       (a) Limitation and Report on Indirect Fire Protection 
     Capability Increment 2.--Not more than 50 percent of the 
     funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
     made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Army may be 
     obligated or expended for research, development, test, and 
     evaluation for the Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
     Increment 2 capability until the Secretary of the Army 
     submits to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 program 
     that contains the following:
       (1) An assessment of whether the requirements previously 
     established for the enduring program meet the anticipated 
     threat at the time of planned initial operating capability 
     and fully operating capability.
       (2) A list of candidate systems considered to meet the 
     Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 enduring 
     requirement, including those fielded or in development by the 
     Army and other elements of the Department of Defense.
       (3) An assessment of each candidate system's capability 
     against representative threats.
       (4) An assessment of other relevant specifications of each 
     candidate system, including cost of development, cost per 
     round if applicable, technological maturity, and logistics 
     and sustainment.
       (5) A plan for how the Army will integrate the chosen 
     system or systems into the Integrated Air and Missile Defense 
     Battle Command System.
       (6) An assessment of the results of the performance, test, 
     evaluation, integration, and interoperability of batteries 
     one and two of the interim solution.
       (b) Notification Required.--Not later than 10 days after 
     the date on which the President

[[Page H9418]]

     submits the annual budget request of the President for fiscal 
     year 2021 pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States 
     Code, the Secretary of the Defense shall, without delegation, 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a notification 
     identifying the military services or agencies that will be 
     responsible for the conduct of air and missile defense in 
     support of joint campaigns as it applies to defense against 
     current and emerging missile threats. The notification shall 
     identify the applicable programs of record to address such 
     threats, including each class of cruise missile threat.

             Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

     SEC. 251. MASTER PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTHORITIES 
                   RELATING TO SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REINVENTION 
                   LABORATORIES.

       (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, jointly with 
     the Secretaries of the military departments and in 
     consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering, shall develop a master plan for using 
     existing authorities to strengthen and modernize the 
     workforce and capabilities of the science and technology 
     reinvention laboratories of the Department of Defense 
     (referred to in this section as the ``laboratories'') to 
     enhance the ability of the laboratories to execute missions 
     in the most efficient and effective manner.
       (b) Elements.--The master plan required under subsection 
     (a) shall include, with respect to the laboratories, the 
     following:
       (1) A summary of hiring and staffing deficiencies at 
     laboratories, by location, and the effect of such 
     deficiencies on the ability of the laboratories--
       (A) to meet existing and future requirements of the 
     Department of Defense; and
       (B) to recruit and retain qualified personnel.
       (2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, 
     development, test, and evaluation mission areas requiring the 
     use of the laboratories.
       (3) An explanation of the laboratory staffing capabilities 
     required for each mission area identified under paragraph 
     (2).
       (4) Identification of specific projects, including hiring 
     efforts and management reforms, that will be carried out--
       (A) to address the deficiencies identified in paragraph 
     (1); and
       (B) to support the existing and emerging mission areas 
     identified in paragraph (2).
       (5) For each project identified under paragraph (4)--
       (A) a summary of the plan for the project;
       (B) a description of the resources that will be applied to 
     the project; and
       (C) a schedule of required investments that will be made as 
     part of the project.
       (6) A description of how the Department, including each 
     military department concerned, will carry out the projects 
     identified in paragraph (4) using existing authorities.
       (7) Identification of any statutory, regulatory, or 
     management-related barriers to implementing the master plan 
     and a description of policy and legislative options that may 
     be applied to address such barriers.
       (c) Consultation.--In developing the master plan required 
     under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, the 
     Secretaries of the military departments, and the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall 
     consult with--
       (1) the Service Acquisition Executives with 
     responsibilities relevant to the laboratories;
       (2) the commander of each military command with 
     responsibilities relating to research and engineering that is 
     affected by the master plan; and
       (3) any other officials determined to be relevant by the 
     Secretary of Defense, the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering.
       (d) Final Report.--Not later than October 30, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense, jointly with the Secretaries of the 
     military departments and in consultation with the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees--
       (1) the master plan developed under subsection (a);
       (2) a report on the activities carried out under this 
     section; and
       (3) a report that identifies any barriers that prevent the 
     full use and implementation of existing authorities, 
     including any barriers presented by the policies, 
     authorities, and activities of--
       (A) organizations and elements of the Department of 
     Defense; and
       (B) organizations outside the Department.

     SEC. 252. INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, 
                   TEST, AND EVALUATION MISSIONS.

       (a) Master Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering and in coordination with the Secretaries of the 
     military departments, shall develop and implement a master 
     plan that addresses the research, development, test, and 
     evaluation infrastructure and modernization requirements of 
     the Department of Defense, including the science and 
     technology reinvention laboratories and the facilities of the 
     Major Range and Test Facility Base.
       (b) Elements.--The master plan required under subsection 
     (a) shall include, with respect to the research, development, 
     test, and evaluation infrastructure of the Department of 
     Defense, the following:
       (1) A summary of deficiencies in the infrastructure, by 
     location, and the effect of the deficiencies on the ability 
     of the Department--
       (A) to meet current and future military requirements 
     identified in the National Defense Strategy;
       (B) to support science and technology development and 
     acquisition programs; and
       (C) to recruit and train qualified personnel.
       (2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, 
     development, test, and evaluation mission areas, by location, 
     that require modernization investments in the 
     infrastructure--
       (A) to improve operations in a manner that may benefit all 
     users;
       (B) to enhance the overall capabilities of the research, 
     development, test, and evaluation infrastructure, including 
     facilities and resources;
       (C) to improve safety for personnel and facilities; and
       (D) to reduce the long-term cost of operation and 
     maintenance.
       (3) Identification of specific infrastructure projects that 
     are required to address the infrastructure deficiencies 
     identified under paragraph (1) or to support the existing and 
     emerging mission areas identified under paragraph (2).
       (4) For each project identified under paragraph (3)--
       (A) a description of the scope of work;
       (B) a cost estimate;
       (C) a summary of the plan for the project;
       (D) an explanation of the level of priority that will be 
     given to the project; and
       (E) a schedule of required infrastructure investments.
       (5) A description of how the Department, including each 
     military department concerned, will carry out the 
     infrastructure projects identified in paragraph (3) using the 
     range of authorities and methods available to the Department, 
     including--
       (A) military construction authority under section 2802 of 
     title 10, United States Code;
       (B) unspecified minor military construction authority under 
     section 2805(a) of such title;
       (C) laboratory revitalization authority under section 
     2805(d) of such title;
       (D) the authority to carry out facility repair projects, 
     including the conversion of existing facilities, under 
     section 2811 of such title;
       (E) the authority provided under the Defense Laboratory 
     Modernization Pilot Program under section 2803 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note);
       (F) methods that leverage funding from entities outside the 
     Department, including public-private partnerships, enhanced 
     use leases and real property exchanges;
       (G) the authority to conduct commercial test and evaluation 
     activities at a Major Range and Test Facility Installation, 
     under section 2681 of title 10, United States Code; and
       (H) any other authorities and methods determined to be 
     appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.
       (6) Identification of any regulatory or policy barriers to 
     the effective and efficient implementation of the master 
     plan.
       (c) Consultation and Coordination.--In developing and 
     implementing the plan required under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall--
       (1) consult with existing and anticipated customers and 
     users of the capabilities of the Major Range and Test 
     Facility Base and science and technology reinvention 
     laboratories;
       (2) ensure consistency with the science and technology 
     roadmaps and strategies of the Department of Defense and the 
     Armed Forces; and
       (3) ensure consistency with the strategic plan for test and 
     evaluation resources required by section 196(d) of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (d) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than January 1, 2021, 
     the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
     Secretaries of the military departments, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees the master plan developed 
     under subsection (a).
       (e) Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation 
     Infrastructure Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``research, development, test, and evaluation 
     infrastructure'' means the infrastructure of--
       (1) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
     designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
     U.S.C. 2358 note));
       (2) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in 
     section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code); and
       (3) other facilities that support the research development, 
     test, and evaluation activities of the Department.

     SEC. 253. ENERGETICS PLAN.

       (a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering shall, in coordination with the 
     technical directors at defense laboratories and such other 
     officials as the Under Secretary considers appropriate, 
     develop an energetics research and development plan to ensure 
     a long-term multi-domain research, development, prototyping, 
     and experimentation effort that--
       (1) maintains United States technological superiority in 
     energetics technology critical to national security;
       (2) efficiently develops new energetics technologies and 
     transitions them into operational use, as appropriate; and
       (3) maintains a robust industrial base and workforce to 
     support Department of Defense requirements for energetic 
     materials.
       (b) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall brief 
     the congressional defense committees on the plan developed 
     under subsection (a).

     SEC. 254. STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR FIFTH 
                   GENERATION INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS 
                   TECHNOLOGIES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     develop--
       (1) a strategy for harnessing fifth generation (commonly 
     known as ``5G'') information and

[[Page H9419]]

     communications technologies to enhance military capabilities, 
     maintain a technological advantage on the battlefield, and 
     accelerate the deployment of new commercial products and 
     services enabled by 5G networks throughout the Department of 
     Defense; and
       (2) a plan for implementing the strategy developed under 
     paragraph (1).
       (b) Elements.--The strategy required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) Adoption and use of secure fourth generation (commonly 
     known as ``4G'') communications technologies and the 
     transition to advanced and secure 5G communications 
     technologies for military applications and for military 
     infrastructure.
       (2) Science, technology, research, and development efforts 
     to facilitate the advancement and adoption of 5G technology 
     and new uses of 5G systems, subsystems, and components, 
     including--
       (A) 5G testbeds for developing military and dual-use 
     applications; and
       (B) spectrum-sharing technologies and frameworks.
       (3) Strengthening engagement and outreach with industry, 
     academia, international partners, and other departments and 
     agencies of the Federal Government on issues relating to 5G 
     technology and the deployment of such technology, including 
     development of a common industrial base for secure 
     microelectronics.
       (4) Defense industrial base supply chain risk, management, 
     and opportunities.
       (5) Preserving the ability of the Joint Force to achieve 
     objectives in a contested and congested spectrum environment.
       (6) Strengthening the ability of the Joint Force to conduct 
     full spectrum operations that enhance the military advantages 
     of the United States.
       (7) Securing the information technology and weapon systems 
     of the Department against malicious activity.
       (8) Advancing the deployment of secure 5G networks 
     nationwide.
       (9) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
     determines to be relevant.
       (c) Consultation.--In developing the strategy and 
     implementation plan required under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall consult with the following:
       (1) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
     Defense.
       (2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering.
       (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment.
       (4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
       (5) Service Acquisition Executives of each military 
     service.
       (d) Periodic Briefings.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than March 15, 2020, and not 
     less frequently than once every three months thereafter 
     through March 15, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
     the development and implementation of the strategy required 
     under subsection (a), including an explanation of how the 
     Department of Defense--
       (A) is using secure 5G wireless network technology;
       (B) is reshaping the Department's policy for producing and 
     procuring secure microelectronics; and
       (C) is working in the interagency and internationally to 
     develop common policies and approaches.
       (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
     include information on--
       (A) efforts to ensure a secure supply chain for 5G wireless 
     network equipment and microelectronics;
       (B) the continued availability of electromagnetic spectrum 
     for warfighting needs;
       (C) planned implementation of 5G wireless network 
     infrastructure in warfighting networks, base infrastructure, 
     defense-related manufacturing, and logistics;
       (D) steps taken to work with allied and partner countries 
     to protect critical networks and supply chains; and
       (E) such other topics as the Secretary of Defense considers 
     relevant.

     SEC. 255. DEPARTMENT-WIDE SOFTWARE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                   STRATEGY.

       (a) Designation of Senior Official.--Not later than 180 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering and in consultation with 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment and appropriate public and private sector 
     organizations, shall designate a single official or existing 
     entity within the Department of Defense as the official or 
     entity (as the case may be) with principal responsibility for 
     guiding the development of science and technology activities 
     related to next generation software and software reliant 
     systems for the Department, including--
       (1) research and development activities on new technologies 
     for the creation of highly secure, scalable, reliable, time-
     sensitive, and mission-critical software;
       (2) research and development activities on new approaches 
     and tools to software development and deployment, testing, 
     integration, and next generation software management tools to 
     support the rapid insertion of such software into defense 
     systems;
       (3) foundational scientific research activities to support 
     advances in software;
       (4) technical workforce and infrastructure to support 
     defense science and technology and software needs and mission 
     requirements;
       (5) providing capabilities, including technologies, 
     systems, and technical expertise to support improved 
     acquisition of software reliant business and warfighting 
     systems; and
       (6) providing capabilities, including technologies, 
     systems, and technical expertise to support defense 
     operational missions which are reliant on software.
       (b) Development of Strategy.--The official or entity 
     designated under subsection (a) shall develop a Department-
     wide strategy for the research and development of next 
     generation software and software reliant systems for the 
     Department of Defense, including strategies for--
       (1) types of software-related activities within the science 
     and technology portfolio of the Department;
       (2) investment in new approaches to software development 
     and deployment, and next generation management tools;
       (3) ongoing research and other support of academic, 
     commercial, and development community efforts to innovate the 
     software development, engineering, and testing process, 
     automated testing, assurance and certification for safety and 
     mission critical systems, large scale deployment, and 
     sustainment;
       (4) to the extent practicable, implementing or continuing 
     the implementation of the recommendations set forth in--
       (A) the final report of the Defense Innovation Board 
     submitted to the congressional defense committees under 
     section 872 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1497);
       (B) the final report of the Defense Science Board Task 
     Force on the Design and Acquisition of Software for Defense 
     Systems described in section 868 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2223 note); and
       (C) other relevant studies on software research, 
     development, and acquisition activities of the Department of 
     Defense.
       (5) supporting the acquisition, technology development, 
     testing, assurance, and certification and operational needs 
     of the Department through the development of capabilities, 
     including personnel and research and production 
     infrastructure, and programs in--
       (A) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
     designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
     U.S.C. 2358 note));
       (B) the facilities of the Major Range and Test Facility 
     Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United 
     States Code);
       (C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; and
       (D) universities, federally funded research and development 
     centers, and service organizations with activities in 
     software engineering; and
       (6) the transition of relevant capabilities and 
     technologies to relevant programs of the Department, 
     including software-reliant cyber-physical systems, tactical 
     systems, enterprise systems, and business systems.
       (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the official or entity 
     designated under subsection (a) shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees the strategy developed under 
     subsection (b).

     SEC. 256. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE EDUCATION STRATEGY.

       (a) Strategy Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
     strategy for educating servicemembers in relevant 
     occupational fields on matters relating to artificial 
     intelligence.
       (2) Elements.--The strategy developed under subsection (a) 
     shall include a curriculum designed to give servicemembers a 
     basic knowledge of artificial intelligence. The curriculum 
     shall include instruction in--
       (A) artificial intelligence design;
       (B) software coding;
       (C) potential military applications for artificial 
     intelligence;
       (D) the impact of artificial intelligence on military 
     strategy and doctrine;
       (E) artificial intelligence decisionmaking via machine 
     learning and neural networks;
       (F) ethical issues relating to artificial intelligence;
       (G) the potential biases of artificial intelligence;
       (H) potential weakness in artificial intelligence 
     technology;
       (I) opportunities and risks; and
       (J) any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
     to be relevant.
       (b) Implementation Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     develop a plan for implementing the strategy developed under 
     subsection (a).
       (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 270 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees--
       (1) the strategy developed under subsection (a); and
       (2) the implementation plan developed under subsection (b).

     SEC. 257. CYBER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES ROADMAP AND 
                   REPORTS.

       (a) Roadmap for Science and Technology Activities to 
     Support Development of Cyber Capabilities.--
       (1) Roadmap required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, shall develop a roadmap for science and 
     technology activities of the Department of Defense to support 
     development of cyber capabilities to meet Department needs 
     and missions.
       (2) Goal of consistency.--The Secretary shall develop the 
     roadmap required by paragraph (1) to ensure consistency with 
     appropriate Federal interagency, industry, and academic 
     activities.
       (3) Scope.--The roadmap required by paragraph (1) shall--

[[Page H9420]]

       (A) cover the development of capabilities that will likely 
     see operational use within the next 25 years or earlier; and
       (B) address cyber operations and cybersecurity.
       (4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall develop the roadmap 
     required by paragraph (1) in consultation with the following:
       (A) The Chief Information Officer of the Department.
       (B) The secretaries and chiefs of the military departments.
       (C) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
       (D) The Commander of the United States Cyber Command.
       (E) The Director of the National Security Agency.
       (F) The Director of the Defense Information Systems Agency.
       (G) The Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
     Agency.
       (H) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.
       (I) Such interagency partners as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (5) Form.--The Secretary shall develop the roadmap required 
     by paragraph (1) in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.
       (6) Publication.--The Secretary shall make available to the 
     public the unclassified form of the roadmap developed 
     pursuant to paragraph (1).
       (b) Annual Report on Cyber Science and Technology 
     Activities.--
       (1) Annual reports required.--In fiscal years 2021, 2022, 
     and 2023, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the science and technology activities 
     within the Department of Defense relating to cyber matters 
     during the previous fiscal year, the current fiscal year, and 
     the following fiscal year.
       (2) Contents.--Each report submitted pursuant to paragraph 
     (1) shall include, for the period covered by the report, a 
     description and listing of the science and technology 
     activities of the Department relating to cyber matters, 
     including the following:
       (A) Extramural science and technology activities.
       (B) Intramural science and technology activities.
       (C) Major and minor military construction activities.
       (D) Major prototyping and demonstration programs.
       (E) A list of agreements and activities to transition 
     capabilities to acquisition activities, including--
       (i) national security systems;
       (ii) business systems; and
       (iii) enterprise and network systems.
       (F) Efforts to enhance the national technical cybersecurity 
     workforce, including specific programs to support education, 
     training, internships, and hiring.
       (G) Efforts to perform cooperative activities with 
     international partners.
       (H) Efforts under the Small Business Innovation Research 
     and the Small Business Technology Transfer Program, including 
     estimated amounts to be expected in the following fiscal 
     year.
       (I) Efforts to encourage partnerships between the 
     Department of Defense and universities participating in the 
     National Centers of Academic Excellence in Cyber Operations 
     and Cyber Defense.
       (3) Timing.--Each report submitted pursuant to paragraph 
     (1) shall be submitted concurrently with the annual budget 
     request of the President submitted pursuant to section 1105 
     of title 31, United States Code.
       (4) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 258. REPORT ON B-52 COMMERCIAL ENGINE REPLACEMENT 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Documentation Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the B-52 commercial engine replacement program of the Air 
     Force.
       (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) The acquisition strategy of the Secretary for the 
     program.
       (2) The cost and schedule estimates of the Secretary for 
     the program.
       (3) The key performance parameters or equivalent 
     requirements document for the program.
       (4) The test and evaluation strategy of the Secretary for 
     the program.
       (5) The logistics strategy of the Secretary for the 
     program.
       (6) The post-production fielding strategy of the Secretary 
     for the program.
       (7) An assessment of the potential for the commercial 
     engine replacement to achieve nuclear system certification.
       (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
     for the Air Force, not more than 75 percent may be obligated 
     or expended until the date on which the Secretary of the Air 
     Force submits to the congressional defense committees the 
     report required by subsection (a).

     SEC. 259. COMMERCIAL EDGE COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES AND BEST 
                   PRACTICES FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WARFIGHTING 
                   SYSTEMS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on commercial edge 
     computing technologies and best practices for Department of 
     Defense warfighting systems.
       (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) Identification of initial warfighting system programs 
     of record that will benefit most from accelerated insertion 
     of commercial edge computing technologies and best practices, 
     resulting in significant near-term improvement in system 
     performance and mission capability.
       (2) The plan of the Department of Defense to provide 
     additional funding for the systems identified in paragraph 
     (1) to achieve fielding of accelerated commercial edge 
     computing technologies before or during fiscal year 2021.
       (3) The plan of the Department to identify, manage, and 
     provide additional funding for commercial edge computing 
     technologies more broadly over the next four fiscal years 
     where appropriate for--
       (A) command, control, communications, and intelligence 
     systems;
       (B) logistics systems; and
       (C) other mission-critical systems.
       (4) A detailed description of the policies, procedures, 
     budgets, and accelerated acquisition and contracting 
     mechanisms of the Department for near-term insertion of 
     commercial edge computing technologies and best practices 
     into military mission-critical systems.

     SEC. 260. BIANNUAL REPORT ON THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL 
                   INTELLIGENCE CENTER.

       (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act and biannually thereafter 
     through the end of 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (referred to in this 
     section as the ``Center'').
       (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) Information relating to the mission and objectives of 
     the Center.
       (2) A description of the National Mission Initiatives, 
     Component Mission Initiatives, and any other initiatives of 
     the Center, including a description of--
       (A) the activities carried out under the initiatives;
       (B) any investments made or contracts entered into under 
     the initiatives; and
       (C) the progress of the initiatives.
       (3) A description of how the Center has sought to leverage 
     lessons learned, share best practices, avoid duplication of 
     efforts, and transition artificial intelligence research 
     efforts into operational capabilities by--
       (A) collaborating with other organizations and elements of 
     the Department of Defense, including the Defense Agencies and 
     the military departments; and
       (B) deconflicting the activities of the Center with the 
     activities of other organizations and elements of the 
     Department.
       (4) A description of any collaboration between--
       (A) the Center and the private sector, national 
     laboratories, and academia; and
       (B) the Center and international allies and partners.
       (5) The total number of military, contractor, and civilian 
     personnel who are employed by the Center, assigned to the 
     Center, and performing functions in support of the Center.
       (6) A description of the organizational structure and 
     staffing of the Center.
       (7) A detailed description of the frameworks, metrics, and 
     capabilities established to measure the effectiveness of the 
     Center and the Center's investments in the National Mission 
     Initiatives and Component Mission Initiatives.
       (8) A description of any new policies, standards, or 
     guidance relating to artificial intelligence that have been 
     issued by the Chief Information Officer of the Department.
       (9) Identification of any ethical guidelines applicable to 
     the use of artificial intelligence by the Department.
       (10) A description of any steps taken by the Center to 
     protect systems that use artificial intelligence from any 
     attempts to misrepresent or alter information used or 
     provided by artificial intelligence.
       (c) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'' 
     means the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center of the 
     Department of Defense established pursuant to section 238 of 
     the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).

     SEC. 261. QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE OPTIONALLY MANNED FIGHTING 
                   VEHICLE PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Beginning not later than December 1, 2019, 
     and on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, 
     the Assistant Secretary shall provide to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     a briefing on the progress of the Optionally Manned Fighting 
     Vehicle program of the Army.
       (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall 
     include, with respect to the Optionally Manned Fighting 
     Vehicle program, the following elements:
       (1) An overview of funding for the program, including 
     identification of--
       (A) any obligations and expenditures that have been made 
     under the program; and
       (B) any obligations and expenditures that are planned for 
     the program.
       (2) An overview of the program schedule.
       (3) An assessment of the status of the program with respect 
     to--
       (A) the development and approval of technical requirements;
       (B) technological maturity;
       (C) testing;
       (D) delivery; and
       (E) program management.
       (4) Any other matters that the Assistant Secretary 
     considers relevant to a full understanding of the status and 
     plans of the program.
       (c) Assistant Secretary Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``Assistant Secretary'' means

[[Page H9421]]

     the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, 
     Logistics, and Technology (or the designee of the Assistant 
     Secretary), in consultation with the Commander of the Army 
     Futures Command (or the designee of the Commander).

     SEC. 262. NATIONAL STUDY ON DEFENSE RESEARCH AT HISTORICALLY 
                   BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER 
                   MINORITY INSTITUTIONS.

       (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
     enter into an agreement with the National Academies of 
     Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (referred to in this 
     section as the ``National Academies'') under which the 
     National Academies will conduct a study on the status of 
     defense research at covered institutions and the methods and 
     means necessary to advance research capacity at covered 
     institutions to comprehensively address the national security 
     and defense needs of the United States.
       (b) Designation.--The study conducted under subsection (a) 
     shall be known as the ``National Study on Defense Research At 
     Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other 
     Minority Institutions''.
       (c) Elements.--The study conducted under subsection (a) 
     shall include an examination of each of the following:
       (1) The degree to which covered institutions are successful 
     in competing for and executing Department of Defense 
     contracts and grants for defense research.
       (2) Best practices for advancing the capacity of covered 
     institutions to compete for and conduct research programs 
     related to national security and defense.
       (3) The advancements and investments necessary to elevate 
     covered institutions to R2 status or R1 status on the 
     Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, 
     consistent with the criteria of the classification system.
       (4) The facilities and infrastructure for defense-related 
     research at covered institutions as compared to the 
     facilities and infrastructure at institutions classified as 
     R1 status on the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of 
     Higher Education.
       (5) Incentives to attract, recruit, and retain leading 
     research faculty to covered institutions.
       (6) Best practices of institutions classified as R1 status 
     on the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher 
     Education, including best practices with respect to--
       (A) the establishment of a distinct legal entity to--
       (i) enter into contracts or receive grants from the 
     Department;
       (ii) lay the groundwork for future research opportunities;
       (iii) develop research proposals;
       (iv) engage with defense research funding organizations; 
     and
       (v) execute the administration of grants; and
       (B) determining the type of legal entity, if any, to 
     establish for the purposes described in subparagraph (A).
       (7) The ability of covered institutions to develop, 
     protect, and commercialize intellectual property created 
     through defense-related research.
       (8) The total amount of defense research funding awarded to 
     all institutions of higher education, including covered 
     institutions, through contracts and grants for each of fiscal 
     years 2010 through 2019 and, with respect to each such 
     institution--
       (A) whether the institution established a distinct legal 
     entity to enter into contracts or receive grants from the 
     Department and, if so, the type of legal entity that was 
     established;
       (B) the total value of contracts and grants awarded to the 
     institution of higher education for each of fiscal years 2010 
     through 2019;
       (C) the overhead rate of the institution of higher 
     education for fiscal year 2019;
       (D) the institution's classification on the Carnegie 
     Classification of Institutions of Higher Education; and
       (E) whether the institution qualifies as a covered 
     institution.
       (9) Recommendations for strengthening and enhancing the 
     programs executed under section 2362 of title 10, United 
     States Code.
       (10) Recommendations to enhance the capacity of covered 
     institutions to transition research products into defense 
     acquisition programs or commercialization.
       (11) Previous executive or legislative actions by the 
     Federal Government to address imbalances in Federal research 
     funding, including such programs as the Defense Established 
     Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (commonly known as 
     ``DEPSCoR'').
       (12) The effectiveness of the Department in attracting and 
     retaining students specializing in science, technology, 
     engineering, and mathematics fields from covered institutions 
     for the Department's programs on emerging capabilities and 
     technologies.
       (13) Recommendations for the development of incentives to 
     encourage research and educational collaborations between 
     covered institutions and other institutions of higher 
     education.
       (14) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
     to be relevant to advancing the defense research capacity of 
     covered institutions.
       (d) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the President and the appropriate congressional 
     committees an initial report that includes--
       (A) the findings of the study conducted under subsection 
     (a); and
       (B) any recommendations that the National Academies may 
     have for action by the executive branch and Congress to 
     improve the participation of covered institutions in 
     Department of Defense research and any actions that may be 
     carried out to expand the research capacity of such 
     institutions.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than December 31, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the President and the 
     appropriate congressional committees a comprehensive report 
     on the results of the study required under subsection (a).
       (3) Form of reports.--Each report submitted under this 
     subsection shall be made publicly available.
       (e) Implementation Required.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
     later than March 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     commence implementation of each recommendation included in 
     the final report submitted under subsection (d)(2).
       (2) Exceptions.--
       (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     commence implementation of a recommendation described 
     paragraph (1) later than March 1, 2022, if--
       (i) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
     committees written notice of the intent of the Secretary to 
     delay implementation of the recommendation; and
       (ii) includes, as part of such notice, a specific 
     justification for the delay in implementing the 
     recommendation.
       (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may elect 
     not to implement a recommendation described in paragraph (1), 
     if--
       (i) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
     committees written notice of the intent of the Secretary not 
     to implement the recommendation; and
       (ii) includes, as part of such notice--

       (I) the reasons for the Secretary's decision not to 
     implement the recommendation; and
       (II) a summary of alternative actions the Secretary will 
     carry out to address the purposes underlying the 
     recommendation.

       (3) Implementation plan.--For each recommendation that the 
     Secretary implements under this subsection, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees an 
     implementation plan that includes--
       (A) a summary of actions that have been, or will be, 
     carried out to implement the recommendation; and
       (B) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
     the implementation of the recommendation.
       (f) List of Covered Institutions.--The Secretary of 
     Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Education and 
     the Presidents of the National Academies, shall make 
     available a list identifying each covered institution 
     examined as part of the study under subsection (a). The list 
     shall be made available on a publicly accessible website and 
     shall be updated not less frequently than once annually until 
     the date on which the final report is submitted under 
     subsection (d)(2).
       (g) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (A) the congressional defense committees;
       (B) the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 
     of the Senate; and
       (C) the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (2) The term ``covered institution'' means--
       (A) a part B institution (as that term is defined in 
     section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1061(2)); or
       (B) any other institution of higher education (as that term 
     is defined in section 101 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1001)) at 
     which not less than 50 percent of the total student 
     enrollment consists of students from ethnic groups that are 
     underrepresented in the fields of science and engineering.

     SEC. 263. STUDY ON NATIONAL SECURITY EMERGING BIOTECHNOLOGIES 
                   FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Study Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     direct the Defense Science Board to carry out a study on 
     emerging biotechnologies pertinent to national security.
       (2) Participation.--Participants in the study shall include 
     the following:
       (A) Such members of the Board as the Chairman of the Board 
     considers appropriate for the study.
       (B) Such additional temporary members or contracted support 
     as the Secretary--
       (i) selects from those recommended by the Chairman for 
     purposes of the study; and
       (ii) considers to have significant technical, policy, or 
     military expertise.
       (3) Elements.--The study conducted pursuant to paragraph 
     (1) shall include the following:
       (A) A review of the military understanding and relevancy of 
     applications of emerging biotechnologies to national security 
     requirements of the Department of Defense, including--
       (i) a review of all research and development relating to 
     emerging biotechnologies within the Department of Defense, 
     including areas that demand further priority and investment;
       (ii) a review of interagency cooperation and collaboration 
     on research and development relating to emerging 
     biotechnologies between--

       (I) the Department;
       (II) other departments and agencies in the Federal 
     Government; and
       (III) appropriate private sector entities that are involved 
     in research and development relating to emerging 
     biotechnologies;

       (iii) an assessment of current biotechnology research in 
     the commercial sector, institutions of higher education, the 
     intelligence community, and civilian agencies of the Federal 
     Government relevant to critical Department of Defense 
     applications of this research;
       (iv) an assessment of the potential national security risks 
     of emerging biotechnologies, including risks relating to 
     foreign powers advancing their use of emerging 
     biotechnologies for military applications and other purposes 
     faster than the Department; and
       (v) an assessment of the knowledge base of the Department 
     with respect to emerging biotechnologies, including 
     scientific expertise and infrastructure in the Department and 
     the capacity

[[Page H9422]]

     of the Department to integrate emerging biotechnologies into 
     its operational concepts, capabilities, and forces.
       (B) An assessment of the technical basis within the 
     Department used to inform the intelligence community of the 
     Department's collection and analysis needs relating to 
     emerging biotechnologies.
       (C) Development of a recommendation on a definition of 
     emerging biotechnologies, as appropriate for the Department.
       (D) Development of such recommendations as the Board may 
     have for legislative or administrative action relating to 
     national security emerging biotechnologies for the 
     Department.
       (4) Access to information.--The Secretary shall provide the 
     Board with timely access to appropriate information, data, 
     resources, and analysis so that the Board may conduct a 
     thorough and independent analysis as required under this 
     section.
       (5) Report.--(A) Not later than one year after the date on 
     which the Secretary directs the Board to conduct the study 
     pursuant to paragraph (1), the Board shall transmit to the 
     Secretary a final report on the study.
       (B) Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
     Secretary receives the final report under subparagraph (A), 
     the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees such report and such comments as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (b) Briefing Required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall provide the congressional defense committees a briefing 
     on potential national security risks of emerging 
     biotechnologies, including risks relating to foreign powers 
     advancing their use of emerging biotechnologies for military 
     applications and other purposes faster than the Department.

     SEC. 264. INDEPENDENT STUDY ON OPTIMIZING RESOURCES ALLOCATED 
                   TO COMBATING TERRORISM TECHNICAL SUPPORT 
                   OFFICE.

       (a) Independent Study.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall seek to enter into a contract with a federally funded 
     research and development center under which the center will 
     conduct a study on the optimal use of resources allocated to 
     the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.
       (b) Elements of Study.--In carrying out the study referred 
     to in subsection (a), the federally funded research and 
     development center with which the Secretary enters into a 
     contract under such subsection shall--
       (1) evaluate the current mission and organization of the 
     Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office and its relation 
     to the objectives outlined in the National Defense Strategy;
       (2) assess the extent to which the activities of the 
     Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office are 
     complementary to and coordinated with other relevant 
     activities by other Department of Defense entities, including 
     activities of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
     and Sustainment, United States Special Operations Command, 
     and the military departments; and
       (3) identify opportunities to improve the efficiency and 
     effectiveness of the Combating Terrorism Technical Support 
     Office, including through increased coordination, 
     realignment, or consolidation with other entities of the 
     Department of Defense, if appropriate.
       (c) Submission to Department of Defense.--Not later than 
     180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     federally funded research and development center that 
     conducts the study under subsection (a) shall submit to the 
     Secretary of Defense a report on the results of the study in 
     both classified and unclassified form.
       (d) Submission to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after 
     the date on which the Secretary of Defense receives the 
     report under subsection (c), the Secretary shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees an unaltered copy of the 
     report in both classified and unclassified form, and such 
     comments as the Secretary may have with respect to the 
     report.

     SEC. 265. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRONIC WARFARE PLANS 
                   AND PROGRAMS.

       (a) Assessment.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act and pursuant to the arrangement 
     entered into under section 222, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall seek to engage the private scientific advisory group 
     known as ``JASON'' to carry out an independent assessment of 
     electronic warfare plans and programs.
       (b) Elements.--In carrying out the assessment under 
     subsection (a), JASON shall--
       (1) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
     doctrine of the Department of Defense related to the 
     electronic warfare mission area and electromagnetic spectrum 
     operations;
       (2) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
     doctrine of potential adversaries, such as China, Iran, and 
     the Russian Federation, related to the such mission area and 
     operations;
       (3) develop recommendations for improvements to the 
     strategies, programs, and doctrine of the Department of 
     Defense in order to enable the United States to achieve and 
     maintain superiority in the electromagnetic spectrum in 
     future conflicts; and
       (4) develop recommendations for the Secretary of Defense, 
     Congress, and such other Federal entities as JASON considers 
     appropriate, including recommendations for--
       (A) closing technical, policy, or resource gaps;
       (B) improving cooperation and appropriate integration 
     within the Department of Defense entities;
       (C) improving cooperation between the United States and 
     other countries and international organizations as 
     appropriate; and
       (D) such other important matters identified by JASON that 
     are directly relevant to the strategies of the Department of 
     Defense described in paragraph (3).
       (c) Liaisons.--The Secretary of Defense shall appoint 
     appropriate liaisons to JASON to support the timely conduct 
     of the services covered by this section.
       (d) Materials.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide 
     access to JASON to materials relevant to the services covered 
     by this section, consistent with the protection of sources 
     and methods and other critically sensitive information.
       (e) Clearances.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
     appropriate members and staff of JASON have the necessary 
     clearances, obtained in an expedited manner, to conduct the 
     services covered by this section.
       (f) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the results of the assessment carried 
     out under subsection (a), including--
       (1) the results of the assessment with respect to each 
     element described in subsection (b);
       (2) the recommendations developed by JASON pursuant to such 
     subsection.
       (g) Relationship to Other Law.--The assessment required 
     under subsection (a) is separate and independent from the 
     assessment described in section 255 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1705) and shall be carried out 
     without regard to any agreement entered into under that 
     section or the results of any assessment conducted pursuant 
     to such agreement.

     SEC. 266. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO GLOBAL RESEARCH WATCH 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsections (a) and (d)(2), by striking ``Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' both 
     places it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Research and Engineering'';
       (2) in subsections (d)(3) and (e), by striking ``Assistant 
     Secretary'' both places it appears and inserting ``Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering''; and
       (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' 
     both places it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary''.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy 
              projects that may have an adverse impact on military 
              operations and readiness.
Sec. 312. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants 
              for energy projects for mitigation of impacts on military 
              operations and readiness.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials.
Sec. 314. Disposal of recyclable materials.
Sec. 315. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed 
              utility systems serving military installations.
Sec. 316. Modification of Department of Defense environmental 
              restoration authorities to include Federal Government 
              facilities used by National Guard.
Sec. 317. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 318. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
              production facilities.
Sec. 319. Energy resilience programs and activities.
Sec. 320. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete 
              provisions relating to energy.
Sec. 321. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
              health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
              substances contamination in drinking water by Agency for 
              Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
Sec. 322. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with 
              fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.
Sec. 323. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous 
              film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 324. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam 
              for training exercises.
Sec. 325. Real-time sound-monitoring at Navy installations where 
              tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 326. Development of extreme weather vulnerability and risk 
              assessment tool.
Sec. 327. Removal of barriers that discourage investments to increase 
              military installation resilience.
Sec. 328. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme 
              weather.
Sec. 329. Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
              Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food Packaging.
Sec. 330. Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
              substances or aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 331. Agreements to share monitoring data relating to 
              perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances and other 
              contaminants of concern.

[[Page H9423]]

Sec. 332. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination 
              by perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Plan to phase out use of burn pits.
Sec. 334. Information relating to locations of burn pit use.
Sec. 335. Data quality review of radium testing conducted at certain 
              locations of the Department of the Navy.
Sec. 336. Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for certain 
              costs in connection with the Twin Cities Army Ammunition 
              Plant, Minnesota.
Sec. 337. Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds for 
              increased combat capability through energy optimization.
Sec. 338. Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at military 
              installations.

Subtitle C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

Sec. 341. Short title.
Sec. 342. Definitions.
Sec. 343. Provision of water uncontaminated with perfluorooctanoic acid 
              (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) for 
              agricultural purposes.
Sec. 344. Acquisition of real property by Air Force.
Sec. 345. Remediation plan.

                 Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 351. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives.
Sec. 352. Clarification of authority regarding use of working-capital 
              funds for unspecified minor military construction 
              projects related to revitalization and recapitalization 
              of defense industrial base facilities.
Sec. 353. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward 
              deployment of naval vessels.
Sec. 354. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority 
              for arsenals, depots, and plants.
Sec. 355. F-35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.
Sec. 356. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and 
              equipment.
Sec. 357. Pilot program to train skilled technicians in critical 
              shipbuilding skills.
Sec. 358. Requirement for military department inter-service depot 
              maintenance.
Sec. 359. Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of the 
              Department of Defense.

                          Subtitle E--Reports

Sec. 361. Readiness reporting.
Sec. 362. Technical correction to deadline for transition to Defense 
              Readiness Reporting System Strategic.
Sec. 363. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.
Sec. 364. Report on Runit Dome.
Sec. 365. Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit 
              ratings in monthly readiness reporting on military units.
Sec. 366. Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in 
              readiness reporting systems of Department of Defense.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Prevention of encroachment on military training routes and 
              military operations areas.
Sec. 372. Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and 
              adoption of military animals.
Sec. 373. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use 
              Department of Defense reimbursement rate for 
              transportation services provided to certain non-
              Department of Defense entities.
Sec. 374. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to 
              issue non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 375. Defense personal property program.
Sec. 376. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 377. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training 
              program.
Sec. 378. Detonation chambers for explosive ordnance disposal.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2020 for the use of the Armed Forces and other 
     activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
     expenses, not otherwise provided for, for operation and 
     maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
     4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

     SEC. 311. TIMELINE FOR CLEARINGHOUSE REVIEW OF APPLICATIONS 
                   FOR ENERGY PROJECTS THAT MAY HAVE AN ADVERSE 
                   IMPACT ON MILITARY OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

       Section 183a(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``60 days'' and inserting ``75 days''.

     SEC. 312. AUTHORITY TO ACCEPT CONTRIBUTIONS OF FUNDS FROM 
                   APPLICANTS FOR ENERGY PROJECTS FOR MITIGATION 
                   OF IMPACTS ON MILITARY OPERATIONS AND 
                   READINESS.

       Section 183a(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``for a project filed with the Secretary of 
     Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49'' and 
     inserting ``for an energy project''.

     SEC. 313. USE OF PROCEEDS FROM SALE OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.

       Section 2577(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``$2,000,000'' and inserting ``$10,000,000''.

     SEC. 314. DISPOSAL OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.

       Section 2577(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) In this section, the term `recyclable materials' may 
     include any quality recyclable material provided to the 
     Department by a State or local government entity, if such 
     material is authorized by the Office of the Secretary of 
     Defense and identified in the regulations prescribed under 
     paragraph (1).''.

     SEC. 315. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IMPROVEMENT OF PREVIOUSLY 
                   CONVEYED UTILITY SYSTEMS SERVING MILITARY 
                   INSTALLATIONS.

       Section 2688 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (k) as subsection (l); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (j) the following new 
     subsection (k):
       ``(k) Improvement of Conveyed Utility Systems.--In the case 
     of a utility system that is conveyed under this section and 
     that only provides utility services to a military 
     installation, the Secretary concerned may use amounts 
     authorized to be appropriated for military construction to 
     improve the reliability, resilience, efficiency, physical 
     security, or cybersecurity of the utility system.''.

     SEC. 316. MODIFICATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL 
                   RESTORATION AUTHORITIES TO INCLUDE FEDERAL 
                   GOVERNMENT FACILITIES USED BY NATIONAL GUARD.

       (a) In General.--Section 2707 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(e) Authority for National Guard Projects.--
     Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section and section 
     2701(c)(1) of this title, the Secretary concerned may use 
     funds described in subsection (c) to carry out an 
     environmental restoration project at a facility in response 
     to perfluorooctanoic acid or perfluorooctane sulfonate 
     contamination under this chapter or CERCLA.''.
       (b) Definition of Facility.--Section 2700(2) of such title 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking ``The terms'' and inserting ``(A) The 
     terms''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) The term `facility' includes real property that is 
     owned by, leased to, or otherwise possessed by the United 
     States at locations at which military activities are 
     conducted under this title or title 32 (including real 
     property owned or leased by the Federal Government that is 
     licensed to and operated by a State for training for the 
     National Guard).''.
       (c) Inclusion of Pollutants and Contaminants in 
     Environmental Response Actions.--Section 2701(c) of such 
     title is amended by inserting ``or pollutants or 
     contaminants'' after ``hazardous substances'' each place it 
     appears.
       (d) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section, or the 
     amendments made by this section, shall affect any requirement 
     or authority under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
     Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et 
     seq.).

     SEC. 317. USE OF OPERATIONAL ENERGY COST SAVINGS OF 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       Section 2912 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
     inserting ``subsection (b) or (c), as the case may be,'';
       (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
     ``Except as provided in subsection (c) with respect to 
     operational energy cost savings, the Secretary of Defense'';
       (3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Use of Operational Energy Cost Savings.--The amount 
     that remains available for obligation under subsection (a) 
     that relates to operational energy cost savings realized by 
     the Department shall be used for the implementation of 
     additional operational energy resilience, efficiencies, 
     mission assurance, energy conservation, or energy security 
     within the department, agency, or instrumentality that 
     realized that savings.''.

     SEC. 318. SALE OF ELECTRICITY FROM ALTERNATE ENERGY AND 
                   COGENERATION PRODUCTION FACILITIES.

       Section 2916(b)(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``shall be available'' and all that follows 
     and inserting ``shall be provided directly to the commander 
     of the military installation in which the geothermal energy 
     resource is located to be used for--''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new clauses:
       ``(i) military construction projects described in paragraph 
     (2) that benefit the military installation where the 
     geothermal energy resource is located; or
       ``(ii) energy or water security projects that--
       ``(I) benefit the military installation where the 
     geothermal energy resource is located;
       ``(II) the commander of the military installation 
     determines are necessary; and
       ``(III) are directly coordinated with local area energy or 
     groundwater governing authorities.''.

     SEC. 319. ENERGY RESILIENCE PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Modification of Annual Energy Management and Resilience 
     Report.--Section

[[Page H9424]]

     2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
     Readiness'' after ``Mission Assurance'';
       (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
     ``The Secretary shall ensure that mission operators of 
     critical facilities provide to personnel of military 
     installations any information necessary for the completion of 
     such report.'' after ``by the Secretary.'';
       (3) in paragraph (4), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
     (A), by striking ``megawatts'' and inserting ``electric and 
     thermal loads''; and
       (4) in paragraph (5), by striking ``megawatts'' and 
     inserting ``electric and thermal loads''.
       (b) Funding for Energy Program Offices.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of the military 
     departments shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report stating whether the program offices 
     specified in paragraph (2) are funded--
       (A) at proper levels to ensure that the energy resilience 
     requirements of the Department of Defense are met; and
       (B) at levels that are not less than in any previous fiscal 
     year.
       (2) Program offices specified.--The program offices 
     specified in this paragraph are the following:
       (A) The Power Reliability Enhancement Program of the Army.
       (B) The Office of Energy Initiatives of the Army.
       (C) The Office of Energy Assurance of the Air Force.
       (D) The Resilient Energy Program Office of the Navy.
       (3) Funding plan.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
     departments shall include in the report submitted under 
     paragraph (1) a funding plan for the next five fiscal years 
     beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act to 
     ensure that funding levels are, at a minimum, maintained 
     during that period.
       (B) Elements.--The funding plan under subparagraph (A) 
     shall include, for each fiscal year covered by the plan, an 
     identification of the amounts to be used for the 
     accomplishment of energy resilience goals and objectives.
       (c) Establishment of Targets for Water Use.--The Secretary 
     of Defense shall, where life-cycle cost-effective, improve 
     water use efficiency and management by the Department of 
     Defense, including storm water management, by--
       (1) installing water meters and collecting and using water 
     balance data of buildings and facilities to improve water 
     conservation and management;
       (2) reducing industrial, landscaping, and agricultural 
     water consumption in gallons by two percent annually through 
     fiscal year 2030 relative to a baseline of such consumption 
     by the Department in fiscal year 2010; and
       (3) installing appropriate sustainable infrastructure 
     features on installations of the Department to help with 
     storm water and wastewater management.

     SEC. 320. TECHNICAL AND GRAMMATICAL CORRECTIONS AND REPEAL OF 
                   OBSOLETE PROVISIONS RELATING TO ENERGY.

       (a) Technical and Grammatical Corrections.--
       (1) Technical corrections.--Title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (A) in section 2913(c), by striking ``government'' and 
     inserting ``government or''; and
       (B) in section 2926(d)(1), in the second sentence, by 
     striking ``Defense Agencies'' and inserting ``the Defense 
     Agencies''.
       (2) Grammatical corrections.--Such title is further 
     amended--
       (A) in section 2922a(d), by striking ``resilience are 
     prioritized and included'' and inserting ``energy resilience 
     are included as critical factors''; and
       (B) in section 2925(a)(3), by striking ``impacting energy'' 
     and all that follows through the period at the end and 
     inserting ``degrading energy resilience at military 
     installations (excluding planned outages for maintenance 
     reasons), whether caused by on- or off-installation 
     disruptions, including the total number of outages and their 
     locations, the duration of each outage, the financial effect 
     of each outage, whether or not the mission was affected, the 
     downtimes (in minutes or hours) the mission can afford based 
     on mission requirements and risk tolerances, the responsible 
     authority managing the utility, and measures taken to 
     mitigate the outage by the responsible authority.''.
       (b) Clarification of Applicability of Conflicting 
     Amendments Made by 2018 Defense Authorization Act.--Section 
     2911(e) of such title is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
     following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) Opportunities to reduce the current rate of 
     consumption of energy, the future demand for energy, and the 
     requirement for the use of energy.
       ``(2) Opportunities to enhance energy resilience to ensure 
     the Department of Defense has the ability to prepare for and 
     recover from energy disruptions that affect mission assurance 
     on military installations.''; and
       (2) by striking the second paragraph (13).
       (c) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of section 2926 of such 
     title is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 2926. Operational energy''.

       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 173 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 2926 and inserting the following 
     new item:

``2926. Operational energy.''.

     SEC. 321. TRANSFER AUTHORITY FOR FUNDING OF STUDY AND 
                   ASSESSMENT ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND 
                   POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN 
                   DRINKING WATER BY AGENCY FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES 
                   AND DISEASE REGISTRY.

       Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1350), as amended by section 315(a) of the John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019 (Public Law 115-232), is amended by striking ``2019 and 
     2020'' and inserting ``2019, 2020, and 2021''.

     SEC. 322. REPLACEMENT OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING 
                   FOAM WITH FLUORINE-FREE FIRE-FIGHTING AGENT.

       (a) Use of Fluorine-free Foam at Military Installations.--
       (1) Military specification.--Not later than January 31, 
     2023, the Secretary of the Navy shall publish a military 
     specification for a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent for use 
     at all military installations and ensure that such agent is 
     available for use by not later than October 1, 2023.
       (2) Report to congress.--Concurrent with publication of the 
     military specification under paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report containing a detailed plan for implementing the 
     transition to a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent by not 
     later than October 1, 2023. The report shall include--
       (A) a detailed description of the progress of the 
     Department of Defense to identify a fluorine-free fire-
     fighting agent for use as a replacement fire-fighting agent 
     at military installations;
       (B) a description of any technology and equipment required 
     to implement the replacement fire-fighting agent;
       (C) funding requirements, by fiscal year, to implement the 
     replacement fire-fighting agent, including funding for the 
     procurement of a replacement fire-fighting agent, required 
     equipment, and infrastructure improvements;
       (D) a detailed timeline of remaining required actions to 
     implement such replacement.
       (b) Limitation.--No amount authorized to be appropriated or 
     otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be 
     obligated or expended after October 1, 2023, to procure fire-
     fighting foam that contains in excess of one part per billion 
     of perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
       (c) Prohibition on Use.--Fluorinated aqueous film-forming 
     foam may not be used at any military installation on or after 
     the earlier of the following dates:
       (1) October 1, 2024.
       (2) The date on which the Secretary determines that 
     compliance with the prohibition under this subsection is 
     possible.
       (d) Exemption for Shipboard Use.--Subsections (b) and (c) 
     shall not apply to firefighting foam for use solely onboard 
     ocean-going vessels.
       (e) Waiver.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to the limitations under paragraph 
     (2), the Secretary of Defense may waive the prohibition under 
     subsection (c) with respect to the use of fluorinated aqueous 
     film-forming foam, if, by not later than 60 days prior to 
     issuing the waiver, the Secretary--
       (A) provides to the congressional defense committees a 
     briefing on the basis for the waiver and the progress to 
     develop and field a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent that 
     meets the military specifications issued pursuant to 
     subsection (a), which includes--
       (i) detailed data on the progress made to identify a 
     replacement fluorine-free fire-fighting agent;
       (ii) a description of the range of technology and 
     equipment-based solutions analyzed to implement replacement;
       (iii) a description of the funding, by fiscal year, applied 
     towards research, development, test, and evaluation of 
     replacement firefighting agents and equipment-based 
     solutions;
       (iv) a description of any completed and projected 
     infrastructure changes;
       (v) a description of acquisition actions made in support of 
     developing and fielding the fluorine-free fire-fighting 
     agent;
       (vi) an updated timeline for the completion of the 
     transition to use of the fluorine-free fire-fighting agent; 
     and
       (vii) a list of the categories of installation 
     infrastructure or specific mobile firefighting equipment sets 
     that require the waiver along with the justification;
       (B) submits to the congressional defense committees 
     certification in writing, that--
       (i) the waiver is necessary for either installation 
     infrastructure, mobile firefighting equipment, or both;
       (ii) the waiver is necessary for the protection of life and 
     safety;
       (iii) no agent or equipment solutions are available that 
     meet the military specific issued pursuant to subsection (a);
       (iv) the military specification issued pursuant to 
     subsection (a) is still valid and does not require revision; 
     and
       (v) includes details of the measures in place to minimize 
     the release of and exposure to fluorinated compounds in 
     fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam; and
       (C) provides for public notice of the waiver.
       (2) Limitation.--The following limitations apply to a 
     waiver issued under this subsection:
       (A) Such a waiver shall apply for a period that does not 
     exceed one year.
       (B) The Secretary may extend such a waiver once for an 
     additional period that does not exceed one year, if the 
     requirements under paragraph (1) are met as of the date of 
     the extension of the waiver.

[[Page H9425]]

       (C) The authority to grant a waiver under this subsection 
     may not be delegated below the level of the Secretary of 
     Defense.
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``perfluoroalkyl substances'' means aliphatic 
     substances for which all of the H atoms attached to C atoms 
     in the nonfluorinated substance from which they are 
     notionally derived have been replaced by F atoms, except 
     those H atoms whose substitution would modify the nature of 
     any functional groups present.
       (2) The term ``polyfluoroalkyl substances'' means aliphatic 
     substances for which all H atoms attached to at least one 
     (but not all) C atoms have been replaced by F atoms, in such 
     a manner that they contain the perfluoroalkyl moiety CnF2n+1_ 
     (for example, C8F17CH2CH2OH).

     SEC. 323. PROHIBITION OF UNCONTROLLED RELEASE OF FLUORINATED 
                   AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM AT MILITARY 
                   INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the uncontrolled release 
     of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam (hereinafter in this 
     section referred to as ``AFFF'') at military installations.
       (b) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), 
     fluorinated AFFF may be released at military installations as 
     follows:
       (1) AFFF may be released for purposes of an emergency 
     response.
       (2) A non-emergency release of AFFF may be made for the 
     purposes of testing of equipment or training of personnel, if 
     complete containment, capture, and proper disposal mechanisms 
     are in place to ensure no AFFF is released into the 
     environment.

     SEC. 324. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM 
                   FORMING FOAM FOR TRAINING EXERCISES.

       The Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the use of 
     fluorinated aqueous film forming foam for training exercises 
     at military installations.

     SEC. 325. REAL-TIME SOUND-MONITORING AT NAVY INSTALLATIONS 
                   WHERE TACTICAL FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OPERATE.

       (a) Monitoring.--The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct 
     real-time sound-monitoring at no fewer than two Navy 
     installations and their associated outlying landing fields on 
     the west coast of the United States where Navy combat coded 
     F/A-18, E/A-18G, or F-35 aircraft are based and operate and 
     noise contours have been developed through noise modeling. 
     Sound monitoring under such study shall be conducted--
       (1) during times of high, medium, and low activity over the 
     course of a 12-month period; and
       (2) along and in the vicinity of flight paths used to 
     approach and depart the selected installations and their 
     outlying landing fields.
       (b) Plan for Additional Monitoring.--Not later than 90 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a plan for real-time sound monitoring described in subsection 
     (a) in the vicinity of training areas predominantly overflown 
     by tactical fighter aircraft from the selected installations 
     and outlying landing fields, including training areas that 
     consist of real property administered by the Federal 
     Government (including Department of Defense, Department of 
     Interior, and Department of Agriculture), State and local 
     governments, and privately owned land with the permission of 
     the owner.
       (c) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on the monitoring required under 
     subsection (a). Such report shall include--
       (1) the results of such monitoring;
       (2) a comparison of such monitoring and the noise contours 
     previously developed with the analysis and modeling methods 
     previously used;
       (3) an overview of any changes to the analysis and modeling 
     process that have been made or are being considered as a 
     result of the findings of such monitoring; and
       (4) any other matters that the Secretary determines 
     appropriate.
       (d) Public Availability of Monitoring Results.--The 
     Secretary shall make the results of the monitoring required 
     under subsection (a) publicly available on a website of the 
     Department of Defense.

     SEC. 326. DEVELOPMENT OF EXTREME WEATHER VULNERABILITY AND 
                   RISK ASSESSMENT TOOL.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall consult 
     with the entities described in subsection (b) to determine 
     whether an existing climate vulnerability and risk assessment 
     tool is available or can be adapted to be used to quantify 
     the risks associated with extreme weather events and the 
     impact of such events on networks, systems, installations, 
     facilities, and other assets to inform mitigation planning 
     and infrastructure development.
       (b) Consultation.--In determining the availability of an 
     appropriate tool to use or adapt for use under subsection 
     (a), the Secretary shall consult with the Administrator of 
     the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, 
     the Secretary of the Interior, the Administrator of the 
     National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the 
     Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the 
     Commander of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Administrator 
     of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, a 
     federally funded research and development center, and the 
     heads of such other relevant Federal agencies as the 
     Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.
       (c) Best Available Science.--Before choosing a tool for use 
     or adaptation for use under subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall obtain from a federally funded research and development 
     center with which the Secretary has consulted under 
     subsection (b) a certification in writing that the tool 
     relies on the best publicly available science for the 
     prediction of extreme weather risk and effective mitigation 
     of that risk.
       (d) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the 
     implementation of this section. Such report shall include--
       (1) in the case that a tool has been chosen under 
     subsection (a) before the date of the submittal of the 
     report, a description of the tool and how such tool will be 
     used by the Department; or
       (2) in the case that the Secretary determines that no 
     available tool meets the requirements of the Department as 
     described in subsection (a) or is readily adaptable for use, 
     a plan for the development of such a tool, including the 
     estimated cost and timeframe for development of such a tool.

     SEC. 327. REMOVAL OF BARRIERS THAT DISCOURAGE INVESTMENTS TO 
                   INCREASE MILITARY INSTALLATION RESILIENCE.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
       (1) identify and seek to remove barriers that discourage 
     investments to increase military installation resilience;
       (2) reform policies and programs that unintentionally 
     increased the vulnerability of systems to related extreme 
     weather events; and
       (3) develop, and update at least once every four years, an 
     adaptation plan to assess how climate impacts affected the 
     ability of the Department of Defense to accomplish its 
     mission, and the short-and long- term actions the Department 
     can take to ensure military installation resilience.
       (b) Military Installation Resilience.--In this section, the 
     term ``military installation resilience'' has the meaning 
     given such term in section 101(e)(8) of title 10, United 
     States Code.

     SEC. 328. BUDGETING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RELATING TO 
                   EXTREME WEATHER.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall include in 
     the annual budget submission of the President under section 
     1105(a) of title 31, United States Code--
       (1) a dedicated budget line item for adaptation to, and 
     mitigation of, effects of extreme weather on military 
     networks, systems, installations, facilities, and other 
     assets and capabilities of the Department of Defense; and
       (2) an estimate of the anticipated adverse impacts to the 
     readiness of the Department and the financial costs to the 
     Department during the year covered by the budget of the loss 
     of, or damage to, military networks, systems, installations, 
     facilities, and other assets and capabilities of the 
     Department, including loss of or obstructed access to 
     training ranges, as a result extreme weather events.
       (b) Disaggregation of Impacts and Costs.--The estimate 
     under subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the adverse readiness 
     impacts and financial costs under that subsection by military 
     department, Defense Agency, and other component or element of 
     the Department.
       (c) Extreme Weather Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``extreme weather'' means recurrent flooding, drought, 
     desertification, wildfires, and thawing permafrost.

     SEC. 329. PROHIBITION ON PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND 
                   POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES IN MEALS READY-TO-
                   EAT FOOD PACKAGING.

       (a) Prohibition.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the 
     Director of the Defense Logistics Agency shall ensure that 
     any food contact substances that are used to assemble and 
     package meals ready-to-eat (MREs) procured by the Defense 
     Logistics Agency do not contain any perfluoroalkyl substances 
     or polyfluoroalkyl substances.
       (b) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Perfluoroalkyl substance.--The term ``perfluoroalkyl 
     substance'' means a man-made chemical of which all of the 
     carbon atoms are fully fluorinated carbon atoms.
       (2) Polyfluoroalkyl substance.--The term ``polyfluoroalkyl 
     substance'' means a man-made chemical containing a mix of 
     fully fluorinated carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon 
     atoms, and nonfluorinated carbon atoms.

     SEC. 330. DISPOSAL OF MATERIALS CONTAINING PER- AND 
                   POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES OR AQUEOUS FILM-
                   FORMING FOAM.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
     when materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
     (referred to in this section as ``PFAS'') or aqueous film 
     forming foam (referred to in this section as ``AFFF'') are 
     disposed--
       (1) all incineration is conducted at a temperature range 
     adequate to break down PFAS chemicals while also ensuring the 
     maximum degree of reduction in emission of PFAS, including 
     elimination of such emissions where achievable;
       (2) all incineration is conducted in accordance with the 
     requirements of the Clean Air Act (42 USC 7401 et seq.), 
     including controlling hydrogen fluoride;
       (3) any materials containing PFAS that are designated for 
     disposal are stored in accordance with the requirement under 
     part 264 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations; and
       (4) all incineration is conducted at a facility that has 
     been permitted to receive waste regulated under subtitle C of 
     the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 USC 6921 et seq.).
       (b) Scope of Application.--The requirements in subsection 
     (a) only apply to all legacy AFFF formulations containing 
     PFAS, materials contaminated by AFFF release, and spent 
     filters or other PFAS contaminated materials resulting from 
     site remediation or water filtration that--
       (1) have been used by the Department of Defense or a 
     military department; or

[[Page H9426]]

       (2) are being discarded for disposal by means of 
     incineration by the Department of Defense or a military 
     department; or
       (3) are being removed from sites or facilities owned or 
     operated by the Department of Defense.

     SEC. 331. AGREEMENTS TO SHARE MONITORING DATA RELATING TO 
                   PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES 
                   AND OTHER CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
     enter into agreements with municipalities or municipal 
     drinking water utilities located adjacent to military 
     installations under which both the Secretary and the 
     municipalities and utilities would share monitoring data 
     relating to perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl 
     substances, and other emerging contaminants of concern 
     collected at the military installation.
       (b) Publicly Available Website.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall maintain a publicly available website that provides a 
     clearinghouse for information about the exposure of members 
     of the Armed Forces, their families, and their communities to 
     per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances. The information provided 
     on the website shall include information on testing, clean-
     up, and recommended available treatment methodologies.
       (c) Public Communication.--An agreement under subsection 
     (a) does not negate the responsibility of the Secretary to 
     communicate with the public about drinking water 
     contamination from perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl 
     substances, and other contaminants.
       (d) Military Installation Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``military installation'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 2801(c) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 332. COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH STATES TO ADDRESS 
                   CONTAMINATION BY PERFLUOROALKYL AND 
                   POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

       (a) Cooperative Agreements.--
       (1) In general.--Upon request from the Governor or chief 
     executive of a State, the Secretary of Defense shall work 
     expeditiously, pursuant to section 2701(d) of title 10, 
     United States Code, to finalize a cooperative agreement, or 
     amend an existing cooperative agreement to address testing, 
     monitoring, removal, and remedial actions relating to the 
     contamination or suspected contamination of drinking, 
     surface, or ground water from PFAS originating from 
     activities of the Department of Defense by providing the 
     mechanism and funding for the expedited review and approval 
     of documents of the Department related to PFAS investigations 
     and remedial actions from an active or decommissioned 
     military installation, including a facility of the National 
     Guard.
       (2) Minimum standards.--A cooperative agreement finalized 
     or amended under paragraph (1) shall meet or exceed the most 
     stringent of the following standards for PFAS in any 
     environmental media:
       (A) An enforceable State standard, in effect in that State, 
     for drinking, surface, or ground water, as described in 
     section 121(d)(2)(A)(ii) of the Comprehensive Environmental 
     Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 
     9621(d)(2)(A)(ii)).
       (B) An enforceable Federal standard for drinking, surface, 
     or ground water, as described in section 121(d)(2)(A)(i) of 
     the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and 
     Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(i)).
       (C) A health advisory under section 1412(b)(1)(F) of the 
     Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300g-1(b)(1)(F)).
       (3) Other authority.--In addition to the requirements for a 
     cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), when otherwise 
     authorized to expend funds for the purpose of addressing 
     ground or surface water contaminated by a perfluorinated 
     compound, the Secretary of Defense may, to expend those 
     funds, enter into a grant agreement, cooperative agreement, 
     or contract with--
       (A) the local water authority with jurisdiction over the 
     contamination site, including--
       (i) a public water system (as defined in section 1401 of 
     the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f)); and
       (ii) a publicly owned treatment works (as defined in 
     section 212 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
     U.S.C. 1292)); or
       (B) a State, local, or Tribal government.
       (b) Report.--Beginning on February 1, 2020, if a 
     cooperative agreement is not finalized or amended under 
     subsection (a) within one year after the request from the 
     Governor or chief executive under that subsection, and 
     annually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
     the appropriate committees and Members of Congress a report--
       (1) explaining why the agreement has not been finalized or 
     amended, as the case may be; and
       (2) setting forth a projected timeline for finalizing or 
     amending the agreement.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees and members of congress.--The 
     term ``appropriate committees and Members of Congress'' 
     means--
       (A) the congressional defense committees;
       (B) the Senators who represent a State impacted by PFAS 
     contamination described in subsection (a)(1); and
       (C) the Members of the House of Representatives who 
     represent a district impacted by such contamination.
       (2) Fully fluorinated carbon atom.--The term ``fully 
     fluorinated carbon atom'' means a carbon atom on which all 
     the hydrogen substituents have been replaced by fluorine.
       (3) PFAS.--The term ``PFAS'' means perfluoroalkyl and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances that are man-made chemicals with 
     at least one fully fluorinated carbon atom.
       (4) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning given the 
     term in section 101 of the Comprehensive Environmental 
     Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 
     9601).

     SEC. 333. PLAN TO PHASE OUT USE OF BURN PITS.

       Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a plan to phase out the use 
     of the burn pits identified in the Department of Defense Open 
     Burn Pit Report to Congress dated April 2019.

     SEC. 334. INFORMATION RELATING TO LOCATIONS OF BURN PIT USE.

       The Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs and to Congress a list of all locations 
     where open-air burn pits have been used by the Secretary of 
     Defense, for the purposes of augmenting the research, 
     healthcare delivery, disability compensation, and other 
     activities of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

     SEC. 335. DATA QUALITY REVIEW OF RADIUM TESTING CONDUCTED AT 
                   CERTAIN LOCATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE 
                   NAVY.

       (a) Review of Radium Testing.--Except as provided in 
     subsection (b), the Secretary of the Navy shall provide for 
     an independent third-party data quality review of all radium 
     testing completed by contractors of the Department of the 
     Navy at a covered location.
       (b) Exception.--In the case of a covered location for which 
     an independent third-party data quality review of all radium 
     testing completed by contractors of the Department has been 
     conducted prior to the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     requirement under subsection (a) shall not apply if the 
     Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional defense 
     committees a report containing--
       (1) a certification that such review has been conducted for 
     such covered location; and
       (2) a description of the results of such review.
       (c) Covered Location Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered location'' means any of the following:
       (1) Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant, Bethpage, New 
     York.
       (2) Hunter's Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco, 
     California.

     SEC. 336. REIMBURSEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 
                   FOR CERTAIN COSTS IN CONNECTION WITH THE TWIN 
                   CITIES ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT, MINNESOTA.

       (a) Transfer Amount.--Notwithstanding section 2215 of title 
     10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may transfer 
     to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency--
       (1) in fiscal year 2020, not more than $890,790; and
       (2) in each of fiscal years 2021 through 2026, not more 
     than $150,000.
       (b) Purpose of Reimbursement.--The amount authorized to be 
     transferred under subsection (a) is to reimburse the 
     Environmental Protection Agency for costs the Agency has 
     incurred and will incur relating to the response actions 
     performed at the Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant, 
     Minnesota, through September 30, 2025.
       (c) Interagency Agreement.--The reimbursement described in 
     subsection (b) is intended to satisfy certain terms of the 
     interagency agreement entered into by the Department of the 
     Army and the Environmental Protection Agency for the Twin 
     Cities Army Ammunition Plant that took effect in December 
     1987 and that provided for the recovery of expenses by the 
     Agency from the Department of the Army.

     SEC. 337. PILOT PROGRAM FOR AVAILABILITY OF WORKING-CAPITAL 
                   FUNDS FOR INCREASED COMBAT CAPABILITY THROUGH 
                   ENERGY OPTIMIZATION.

       (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 2208 of title 10, 
     United States Code, the Secretary of Defense and the military 
     departments may use a working capital fund established 
     pursuant to that section for expenses directly related to 
     conducting a pilot program for energy optimization 
     initiatives described in subsection (b).
       (b) Energy Optimization Initiatives.--Energy optimization 
     initiatives covered by the pilot program include the 
     research, development, procurement, installation, and 
     sustainment of technologies or weapons system platforms, and 
     the manpower required to do so, that would improve the 
     efficiency and maintainability, extend the useful life, lower 
     maintenance costs, or provide performance enhancement of the 
     weapon system platform or major end item.
       (c) Limitation on Certain Projects.--Funds may not be used 
     pursuant to subsection (a) for--
       (1) any product improvement that significantly changes the 
     performance envelope of an end item; or
       (2) any single component with an estimated total cost in 
     excess of $10,000,000.
       (d) Limitation in Fiscal Year Pending Timely Report.--If 
     during any fiscal year the report required by paragraph (1) 
     of subsection (e) is not submitted by the date specified in 
     paragraph (2) of that subsection, funds may not be used 
     pursuant to subsection (a) during the period--
       (1) beginning on the date specified in such paragraph (2); 
     and
       (2) ending on the date of the submittal of the report.
       (e) Annual Report.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit an 
     annual report to the congressional defense committees on the 
     use of the authority under subsection (a) during the 
     preceding fiscal year.
       (2) Deadline for submittal.--The report required by 
     paragraph (1) in a fiscal year shall be submitted not later 
     than 60 days after the date

[[Page H9427]]

     of the submittal to Congress of the budget of the President 
     for the succeeding fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 of 
     title 31, United States Code.
       (3) Recommendation.--In the case of the report required to 
     be submitted under paragraph (1) during fiscal year 2020, the 
     report shall include the recommendation of the Secretary of 
     Defense and the military departments regarding whether the 
     authority under subsection (a) should be made permanent.
       (f) Sunset.--The authority under subsection (a) shall 
     expire on October 1, 2024.

     SEC. 338. REPORT ON EFFORTS TO REDUCE HIGH ENERGY INTENSITY 
                   AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Report.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than September 1, 2020, the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
     in conjunction with the assistant secretaries responsible for 
     installations and environment for the military departments 
     and the Defense Logistics Agency, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report detailing the 
     efforts to achieve cost savings at military installations 
     with high energy intensity.
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) A comprehensive, installation-specific assessment of 
     feasible and mission-appropriate energy initiatives 
     supporting energy production and consumption at military 
     installations with high energy intensity.
       (B) An assessment of current sources of energy in areas 
     with high energy intensity and potential future sources that 
     are technologically feasible, cost-effective, and mission-
     appropriate for military installations.
       (C) A comprehensive implementation strategy to include 
     required investment for feasible energy efficiency options 
     determined to be the most beneficial and cost-effective, 
     where appropriate, and consistent with priorities of the 
     Department of Defense.
       (D) An explanation on how the military departments are 
     working collaboratively in order to leverage lessons learned 
     on potential energy efficiency solutions.
       (E) An assessment of the extent to which activities 
     administered under the Federal Energy Management Program of 
     the Department of Energy could be used to assist with the 
     implementation strategy under subparagraph (C).
       (F) An assessment of State and local partnership 
     opportunities that could achieve efficiency and cost savings, 
     and any legislative authorities required to carry out such 
     partnerships or agreements.
       (3) Coordination with state, local, and other entities.--In 
     preparing the report required under paragraph (1), the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment may work 
     in conjunction and coordinate with the States containing 
     areas of high energy intensity, local communities, and other 
     Federal agencies.
       (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``high energy 
     intensity'' means costs for the provision of energy by 
     kilowatt of electricity or British Thermal Unit of heat or 
     steam for a military installation in the United States that 
     is in the highest 20 percent of all military installations 
     for a military department.

Subtitle C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

     SEC. 341. SHORT TITLE.

       This subtitle may be cited as the ``Prompt and Fast Action 
     to Stop Damages Act of 2019''.

     SEC. 342. DEFINITIONS.

       In this subtitle:
       (1) PFOA.--The term ``PFOA'' means perfluorooctanoic acid.
       (2) PFOS.--The term ``PFOS'' means perfluorooctane 
     sulfonate.

     SEC. 343. PROVISION OF WATER UNCONTAMINATED WITH 
                   PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID (PFOA) AND 
                   PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE (PFOS) FOR 
                   AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES.

       (a) Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Using amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated or otherwise made available for operation and 
     maintenance for the military department concerned, or for 
     operation and maintenance Defense-wide in the case of the 
     Secretary of Defense, the Secretary concerned may provide 
     water sources uncontaminated with perfluoroalkyl and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances, including PFOA and PFOS, or 
     treatment of contaminated waters, for agricultural purposes 
     used to produce products destined for human consumption in an 
     area in which a water source has been determined pursuant to 
     paragraph (2) to be contaminated with such compounds by 
     reason of activities on a military installation under the 
     jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned.
       (2) Applicable standard.--For purposes of paragraph (1), an 
     area is determined to be contaminated with PFOA or PFOS if--
       (A) the level of contamination is above the Lifetime Health 
     Advisory for contamination with such compounds issued by the 
     Environmental Protection Agency and printed in the Federal 
     Register on May 25, 2016; or
       (B) on or after the date the Food and Drug Administration 
     sets a standard for PFOA and PFOS in raw agricultural 
     commodities and milk, the level of contamination is above 
     such standard.
       (b) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``Secretary concerned'' means the following:
       (1) The Secretary of the Army, with respect to the Army.
       (2) The Secretary of the Navy, with respect to the Navy, 
     the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard (when it is operating 
     as a service in the Navy).
       (3) The Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to the Air 
     Force.
       (4) The Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Defense 
     Agencies.

     SEC. 344. ACQUISITION OF REAL PROPERTY BY AIR FORCE.

       (a) Authority.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force may acquire 
     one or more parcels of real property within the vicinity of 
     an Air Force base that has shown signs of contamination from 
     PFOA and PFOS due to activities on the base and which would 
     extend the contiguous geographic footprint of the base and 
     increase the force protection standoff near critical 
     infrastructure and runways.
       (2) Improvements and personal property.--The authority 
     under paragraph (1) to acquire real property described in 
     that paragraph shall include the authority to purchase 
     improvements and personal property located on that real 
     property.
       (3) Relocation expenses.--The authority under paragraph (1) 
     to acquire real property described in that paragraph shall 
     include the authority to provide Federal financial assistance 
     for moving costs, relocation benefits, and other expenses 
     incurred in accordance with the Uniform Relocation Assistance 
     and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 
     4601 et seq.).
       (b) Environmental Activities.--The Air Force shall conduct 
     such activities at a parcel or parcels of real property 
     acquired under subsection (a) as are necessary to remediate 
     contamination from PFOA and PFOS related to activities at the 
     Air Force base.
       (c) Funding.--Funds for the land acquisitions authorized 
     under subsection (a) shall be derived from amounts authorized 
     to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for military 
     construction or the unobligated balances of appropriations 
     for military construction that are enacted after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.
       (d) Rule of Construction.--The authority under this section 
     constitutes authority to carry out land acquisitions for 
     purposes of section 2802 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 345. REMEDIATION PLAN.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to Congress a remediation plan for cleanup of all 
     water at or adjacent to a military installation that is 
     contaminated with PFOA or PFOS.
       (b) Study.--In preparing the remediation plan under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall conduct a study on the 
     contamination of water at military installations with PFOA or 
     PFOS.
       (c) Budget Amount.--The Secretary shall ensure that each 
     budget of the President submitted to Congress under section 
     1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, requests funding in 
     amounts necessary to address remediation efforts under the 
     remediation plan submitted under subsection (a).

                 Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

     SEC. 351. MATERIEL READINESS METRICS AND OBJECTIVES.

       (a) Annual Report on Major Weapons Systems Sustainment.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting after section 117 the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 118. Annual report on major weapons systems 
       sustainment

       ``Not later than five days after the date on which the 
     Secretary of Defense submits to Congress the materials in 
     support of the budget of the President for a fiscal year, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees an annual report on major weapons systems 
     sustainment for the period covered by the future years 
     defense program specified by section 221 of this title. Such 
     report shall include--
       ``(1) an assessment of the materiel availability, materiel 
     reliability, and mean down time metrics for each major 
     weapons system;
       ``(2) a detailed explanation of any factors that could 
     preclude the Department of Defense or any of the military 
     departments from meeting applicable readiness goals or 
     objectives; and
       ``(3) an assessment of the validity and effectiveness of 
     the definitions used to determine defense readiness, 
     including the terms `major weapons system', `covered asset', 
     `total and required inventory', `materiel and operational 
     availability', `materiel and operational capability', 
     `materiel and operational reliability'.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 117 the following new item:

``118. Annual report on major weapons systems sustainment.''.
       (b) Assessment of Materiel Readiness and Weapons System 
     Sustainment.--
       (1) Assessment required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall complete a comprehensive 
     assessment of the materiel readiness and weapons systems 
     sustainment of the Department of Defense across the 
     Department organic industrial base and industry partners.
       (2) Contents.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
     shall include--
       (A) an assessment of the overall readiness strategy of the 
     Department of Defense and the capability of such strategy to 
     measure, track, and assess the readiness of major weapons 
     systems;
       (B) an assessment of the use of objectives and metrics;
       (C) a description of applicable reporting requirements; and
       (D) applicable definitions and common usage of relevant 
     terms, including the terms ``major

[[Page H9428]]

     weapons system'', ``covered asset'', ``total and required 
     inventory'', ``materiel and operational availability'', 
     ``materiel and operational capability'', ``materiel and 
     operational reliability'', and ``maintenance costs''.
       (3) Submission to congress.--The Secretary shall provide to 
     the congressional defense committees--
       (A) a briefing on the assessment required by paragraph (1) 
     by not later than March 1, 2020; and
       (B) a final report on such assessment by not later than 
     April 1, 2020.

     SEC. 352. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY REGARDING USE OF 
                   WORKING-CAPITAL FUNDS FOR UNSPECIFIED MINOR 
                   MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS RELATED TO 
                   REVITALIZATION AND RECAPITALIZATION OF DEFENSE 
                   INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES.

       Section 2208(u) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``carry out'' and 
     inserting ``fund'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``Section 2805'' and inserting ``(A) Except 
     as provided in subparagraph (B), section 2805'';
       (B) by striking ``carried out with'' and inserting ``funded 
     using''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) For purposes of applying subparagraph (A), the dollar 
     limitation specified in subsection (a)(2) of section 2805 of 
     this title, subject to adjustment as provided in subsection 
     (f) of such section, shall apply rather than the dollar 
     limitation specified in subsection (c) of such section.''; 
     and
       (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``carry out'' and 
     inserting ``fund''.

     SEC. 353. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS 
                   FORWARD DEPLOYMENT OF NAVAL VESSELS.

       Section 323 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Extension of Limitation on Length of Overseas Forward 
     Deployment for U.S.S. Shiloh (CG-67).--Notwithstanding 
     subsection (b), the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that 
     the U.S.S. Shiloh (CG-67) is assigned a homeport in the 
     United States by not later than September 30, 2023.''.

     SEC. 354. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY INSTALLATION REUTILIZATION 
                   AUTHORITY FOR ARSENALS, DEPOTS, AND PLANTS.

       Section 345(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2667 note) 
     is amended by striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting 
     ``September 30, 2025''.

     SEC. 355. F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER SUSTAINMENT.

       (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized 
     to be appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act 
     for the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment for fiscal year 2020, not more 
     than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date 
     on which the Under Secretary submits the report required by 
     subsection (b).
       (b) Report Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a 
     report on steps being taken to improve the availability and 
     accountability of F-35 parts within the supply chain. At a 
     minimum, the report shall include a detailed plan for each of 
     the following elements:
       (1) How the accountable property system of record will be 
     updated with information from the prime contractors supplying 
     such parts on required cost and related data with respect to 
     the parts and how the F-35 Program Office will ensure such 
     contractors are adhering to contractual requirements for the 
     management, reporting, visibility, and accountability of all 
     such parts supplied by the prime contractors.
       (2) How the accountability property system of record will 
     have interfaces that allow the F-35 Program Office and other 
     authorized entities to have proper accountability of assets 
     in accordance with applicable Department of Defense 
     Instructions, Department of Defense Manuals, and other 
     applicable regulations.
       (3) How the F-35 Program Office, in coordination with the 
     military departments, will ensure business rules for the 
     prioritization of F-35 parts across all program participants 
     are sufficient, effective, and responsive.
       (4) Steps being taken to ensure parts within the base, 
     afloat, and deployment spares packages are compatible for 
     deploying F-35 aircraft and account for updated parts demand.

     SEC. 356. REPORT ON STRATEGIC POLICY FOR PREPOSITIONED 
                   MATERIEL AND EQUIPMENT.

       Not later than March 1, 2020, the Assistant Secretary of 
     Defense for Sustainment, in coordination with the Joint 
     Staff, shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the 
     implementation plan for prepositioned materiel and equipment 
     required by section 321(b) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 
     127 Stat. 730; 10 U.S.C. 2229 note). Such report shall 
     include each of the following:
       (1) A comprehensive list of the prepositioned materiel and 
     equipment programs of the Department of Defense.
       (2) A detailed description of how the plan will be 
     implemented.
       (3) A description of the resources required to implement 
     the plan, including the amount of funds and personnel.
       (4) A description of how the plan will be reviewed and 
     assessed to monitor progress.
       (5) Guidance on applying a consistent definition of 
     prepositioning across the Department, including the military 
     departments, the combatant commands, and the Defense 
     Agencies.
       (6) A detailed description of how the Secretary will 
     implement a joint oversight approach of the prepositioning 
     programs of the military departments.

     SEC. 357. PILOT PROGRAM TO TRAIN SKILLED TECHNICIANS IN 
                   CRITICAL SHIPBUILDING SKILLS.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the Navy may carry out 
     a pilot program to train individuals to become skilled 
     technicians in critical shipbuilding skills such as welding, 
     metrology, quality assurance, machining, and additive 
     manufacturing.
       (b) Partnerships.--In carrying out the pilot program under 
     this section, the Secretary may partner with existing Federal 
     or State projects relating to investment and infrastructure 
     in training and education or workforce development, such as 
     the National Network for Manufacturing Innovation, the 
     Industrial Base Analysis and Sustainment program of the 
     Department of Defense, and the National Maritime Educational 
     Council.
       (c) Termination.--The authority to carry out a pilot 
     program under this section shall terminate on September 30, 
     2025.
       (d) Briefings.--If the Secretary carries out a pilot 
     program under this section, the Secretary shall provide 
     briefings to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
     and the House of Representatives as follows:
       (1) Not later than 30 days before beginning to implement 
     the pilot program, the Secretary shall provide a briefing on 
     the plan, cost estimate, and schedule for the pilot program.
       (2) Not less frequently than annually during the period 
     when the pilot program is carried out, the Secretary shall 
     provide briefings on the progress of the Secretary in 
     carrying out the pilot program.

     SEC. 358. REQUIREMENT FOR MILITARY DEPARTMENT INTER-SERVICE 
                   DEPOT MAINTENANCE.

       (a) Joint Process for Technical Compliance and Quality 
     Control.--If the Secretary of a military department transfers 
     any maintenance action on a platform to a depot under the 
     jurisdiction of the Secretary of another military department, 
     the two Secretaries shall develop and implement a process to 
     ensure the technical compliance and quality control for the 
     work performed.
       (b) Requirements.--A process developed under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following requirements--
       (1) The Secretary of the military department with 
     jurisdiction over the depot to which the maintenance action 
     is transferred shall--
       (A) ensure that the technical specifications, requirements, 
     and standards for work to be performed are provided to such 
     action or depot; and
       (B) implement procedures to ensure that completed work 
     complies with such specifications, requirements and 
     standards.
       (2) The Secretary who transfers the maintenance activity or 
     depot shall ensure that--
       (A) the technical specifications and requirements are 
     clearly understood; and
       (B) the work performed is completed to the technical 
     specifications, requirements, and standards prescribed under 
     paragraph (1), and that the Secretary of the military 
     department with jurisdiction over the depot is informed of 
     any shortcoming or discrepancy.
       (c) Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report containing a certification that 
     sufficient policy and procedures are in place to ensure 
     quality control when the depot or maintenance activities of 
     one military department support another. The report shall 
     include a description of known shortfalls in existing 
     policies and procedures and actions the Department of Defense 
     is taking to address such shortfalls.

     SEC. 359. STRATEGY TO IMPROVE INFRASTRUCTURE OF CERTAIN 
                   DEPOTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Strategy Required.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a comprehensive strategy for improving the 
     depot infrastructure of the military departments with the 
     objective of ensuring that all covered depots have the 
     capacity and capability to support the readiness and material 
     availability goals of current and future weapon systems of 
     the Department of Defense.
       (b) Elements.--The strategy under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A comprehensive review of the conditions and 
     performance at each covered depot, including the following:
       (A) An assessment of the current status of the following 
     elements:
       (i) Cost and schedule performance of the depot.
       (ii) Material availability of weapon systems supported at 
     the depot and the impact of the performance of the depot on 
     that availability.
       (iii) Work in progress and non-operational items awaiting 
     depot maintenance.
       (iv) The condition of the depot.
       (v) The backlog of restoration and modernization projects 
     at the depot.
       (vi) The condition of equipment at the depot.
       (vii) the vulnerability of the depot to adverse 
     environmental conditions and, if necessary, the investment 
     required to withstand those conditions.
       (B) An identification of analytically based goals relating 
     to the elements identified in subparagraph (A).

[[Page H9429]]

       (2) A business-case analysis that assesses investment 
     alternatives comparing cost, performance, risk, and readiness 
     outcomes and recommends an optimal investment approach across 
     the Department of Defense to ensure covered depots 
     efficiently and effectively meet the readiness goals of the 
     Department, including an assessment of the following 
     alternatives:
       (A) The minimum investment necessary to meet investment 
     requirements under section 2476 of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (B) The investment necessary to ensure the current 
     inventory of facilities at covered depots can meet the 
     mission-capable, readiness, and contingency goals of the 
     Secretary of Defense.
       (C) The investment necessary to execute the depot 
     infrastructure optimization plans of each military 
     department.
       (D) Any other strategies for investment in covered depots, 
     as identified by the Secretary.
       (3) A plan to improve conditions and performance of covered 
     depots that identifies the following:
       (A) The approach of the Secretary of Defense for achieving 
     the goals outlined in paragraph (1)(B).
       (B) The resources and investments required to implement the 
     plan.
       (C) The activities and milestones required to implement the 
     plan.
       (D) A results-oriented approach to assess--
       (i) the progress of each military department in achieving 
     such goals; and
       (ii) the progress of the Department in implementing the 
     plan.
       (E) Organizational roles and responsibilities for 
     implementing the plan.
       (F) A process for conducting regular management review and 
     coordination of the progress of each military department in 
     implementing the plan and achieving such goals.
       (G) The extent to which the Secretary has addressed 
     recommendations made by the Comptroller General of the United 
     States relating to depot operations during the five-year 
     period preceding the date of submittal of the strategy under 
     this section.
       (H) Risks to implementing the plan and mitigation 
     strategies to address those risks.
       (c) Annual Report on Progress.--As part of the annual 
     budget submission of the President under section 1105(a) of 
     title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     describing the progress made in--
       (1) implementing the strategy under subsection (a); and
       (2) achieving the goals outlined in subsection (b)(1)(B).
       (d) Comptroller General Reports.--
       (1) Assessment of strategy.--Not later than January 1, 
     2021, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     assessing the extent to which the strategy under subsection 
     (a) meets the requirements of this section.
       (2) Assessment of implementation.--Not later than April 1, 
     2022, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report setting forth an 
     assessment of the extent to which the strategy under 
     subsection (a) has been effectively implemented by each 
     military department and the Secretary of Defense.
       (e) Covered Depot Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered depot'' has the meaning given that term in section 
     2476(e) of title 10, United States Code.

                          Subtitle E--Reports

     SEC. 361. READINESS REPORTING.

       (a) Readiness Reporting System.--Section 117 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking subsections (d) through (g); and
       (2) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (d).
       (b) Quarterly Reports.--Section 482 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Quarterly 
     reports: personnel and unit readiness'' and inserting 
     ``Readiness reports'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) In the subsection heading, by striking ``Quarterly 
     Reports Required'' and inserting ``Reports and Briefings'';
       (B) In the first sentence--
       (i) by striking ``Not later'' and inserting ``(1) Not 
     later''; and
       (ii) by striking ``each calendar-year quarter'' and 
     inserting ``the second and fourth quarter of each calendar 
     year'';
       (C) by striking the second and third sentences and 
     inserting ``The Secretary of Defense shall submit each such 
     report in writing and shall also submit a copy of each such 
     report to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(2) Not later than 30 days after the end of the first and 
     third quarter of each calendar year, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall provide to Congress a briefing regarding the military 
     readiness of the active and reserve components.
       ``(3) Each report under this subsection shall contain the 
     elements required by subsection (b) for the quarter covered 
     by the report, and each briefing shall address any changes to 
     the elements described in subsection (b) since the submittal 
     of the most recently submitted report.'';
       (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
       ``(b) Required Elements.--The elements described in this 
     subsection are each of the following:
       ``(1) A description of each readiness problem or deficiency 
     that affects the ground, sea, air, space, cyber, or special 
     operations forces, and any other area determined appropriate 
     by the Secretary of Defense.
       ``(2) The key contributing factors, indicators, and other 
     relevant information related to each identified problem or 
     deficiency.
       ``(3) The short-term mitigation strategy the Department 
     will employ to address each readiness problem or deficiency 
     until a resolution is in place, as well as the timeline, 
     cost, and any legislative remedies required to support the 
     resolution.
       ``(4) A summary of combat readiness ratings for the key 
     force elements assessed, including specific information on 
     personnel, supply, equipment, and training problems or 
     deficiencies that affect the combat readiness ratings for 
     each force element.
       ``(5) A summary of each upgrade or downgrade of the combat 
     readiness of a unit that was issued by the commander of the 
     unit, together with the rationale of the commander for the 
     issuance of such upgrade or downgrade.
       ``(6) A summary of the readiness of supporting 
     capabilities, including infrastructure, prepositioned 
     equipment and supplies, and mobility assets, and other 
     supporting logistics capabilities.
       ``(7) A summary of the readiness of the combat support and 
     related agencies, any readiness problem or deficiency 
     affecting any mission essential tasks of any such agency, and 
     actions recommended to address any such problem or 
     deficiency.
       ``(8) A list of all Class A, Class B, and Class C mishaps 
     that occurred in operations related to combat support and 
     training events involving aviation, ground, or naval 
     platforms, weapons, space, or Government vehicles, as defined 
     by Department of Defense Instruction 6055.07, or a successor 
     instruction.
       ``(9) Information on the extent to which units of the armed 
     forces have removed serviceable parts, supplies, or equipment 
     from one vehicle, vessel, or aircraft in order to render a 
     different vehicle, vessel, or aircraft operational.
       ``(10) Such other information as determined necessary or 
     appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.'';
       (4) by striking subsections (d) through (h) and subsection 
     (j);
       (5) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection (e); and
       (6) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsections (d):
       ``(d) Semi-Annual Joint Force Readiness Review.--(1) Not 
     later than 30 days after the last day of the first and third 
     quarter of each calendar year, the Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff shall submit to Congress a written report on 
     the capability of the armed forces, the combat support and 
     related agencies, operational contract support, and the 
     geographic and functional combatant commands to execute their 
     wartime missions based upon their posture and readiness as of 
     the time the review is conducted.
       ``(2) The Chairman shall produce the report required under 
     this subsection using information derived from the quarterly 
     reports required by subsection (a).
       ``(3) Each report required by this subsection shall include 
     an assessment by each commander of a geographic or functional 
     combatant command of the readiness of the command to conduct 
     operations in a multidomain battle that integrates ground, 
     sea, air, space, cyber, and special operations forces.
       ``(4) The Chairman shall submit to the Secretary of Defense 
     a copy of each report under this subsection.''.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 23 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 482 and inserting the following 
     new item:

``482. Readiness reports.''.

     SEC. 362. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO DEADLINE FOR TRANSITION TO 
                   DEFENSE READINESS REPORTING SYSTEM STRATEGIC.

       Section 358(c) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended by striking ``October 1, 2019'' and inserting 
     ``October 1, 2020''.

     SEC. 363. REPORT ON NAVY SHIP DEPOT MAINTENANCE BUDGET.

       (a) In General.--Not later than March 1 of each of 2020, 
     2021, and 2022, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives a report on the Operation and Maintenance, 
     Ship Depot Maintenance budget sub-activity group.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include each of the following elements:
       (1) A breakdown of funding, categorized by class of ship, 
     requested for ship and submarine maintenance.
       (2) A description of how the requested funding, categorized 
     by class of ship, compares to the identified ship maintenance 
     requirement.
       (3) The amount of funds appropriated for each class of ship 
     for the preceding fiscal year.
       (4) The amount of funds obligated and expended for each 
     class of ship for each of the three preceding fiscal years.
       (5) The cost, categorized by class of ship, of unplanned 
     growth work for each of the three preceding fiscal years.

     SEC. 364. REPORT ON RUNIT DOME.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and House of Representatives a report on the status of 
     the Runit Dome in the Marshal Islands.
       (b) Matters for Inclusion.--The report required by 
     subsection (a) shall include each of the following:
       (1) A detailed plan to repair the dome to ensure that it 
     does not have any harmful effects to the local population, 
     environment, or wildlife, including the projected costs of 
     implementing such plan.
       (2) The effects on the environment that the dome has 
     currently and is projected to have in 5 years, 10 years, and 
     20 years.

[[Page H9430]]

       (3) An assessment of the current condition of the outer 
     constructs of the dome.
       (4) An assessment of the current and long-term safety to 
     local humans posed by the site.
       (5) An assessment of how rising sea levels might affect the 
     dome.
       (6) A summary of interactions between the Government of the 
     United States and the government of the Marshall Islands 
     about the dome.
       (c) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form and made publicly 
     available.

     SEC. 365. PROHIBITION ON SUBJECTIVE UPGRADES BY COMMANDERS OF 
                   UNIT RATINGS IN MONTHLY READINESS REPORTING ON 
                   MILITARY UNITS.

       (a) In General.--The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
     shall modify Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
     Instruction (CJCSI) 3401.02B, on Force Readiness Reporting, 
     to prohibit the commander of a military unit who is 
     responsible for monthly reporting of the readiness of the 
     unit under the instruction from making any upgrade of the 
     overall rating of the unit (commonly referred to as the ``C-
     rating'') for such reporting purposes based in whole or in 
     part on subjective factors.
       (b) Waiver.--
       (1) In general.--The modification required by subsection 
     (a) shall authorize an officer in a general or flag officer 
     grade in the chain of command of a commander described in 
     that subsection to waive the prohibition described in that 
     subsection in connection with readiness reporting on the unit 
     concerned if the officer considers the waiver appropriate in 
     the circumstances.
       (2) Reporting on waivers.--Each report on personnel and 
     unit readiness submitted to Congress for a calendar year 
     quarter pursuant to section 482 of title 10, United States 
     Code, shall include information on each waiver, if any, 
     issued pursuant to paragraph (1) during such calendar year 
     quarter.

     SEC. 366. REQUIREMENT TO INCLUDE FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY 
                   IN READINESS REPORTING SYSTEMS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of each 
     military department shall include in the Global Readiness and 
     Force Management Enterprise, for the appropriate billets with 
     relevant foreign language requirements, measures of foreign 
     language proficiency as a mandatory element of unit readiness 
     reporting, to include the Defense Readiness Reporting 
     Systems-Strategic (DRRS-S) and all other subordinate systems 
     that report readiness data.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

     SEC. 371. PREVENTION OF ENCROACHMENT ON MILITARY TRAINING 
                   ROUTES AND MILITARY OPERATIONS AREAS.

       Section 183a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)(6), in the second sentence--
       (A) by striking ``radar or airport surveillance radar 
     operated'' and inserting ``radar, airport surveillance radar, 
     or wide area surveillance over-the-horizon radar operated''; 
     and
       (B) by inserting ``Any setback for a project pursuant to 
     the previous sentence shall not be more than what is 
     determined to be necessary by a technical analysis conducted 
     by the Lincoln Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of 
     Technology or any successor entity.'' after ``mitigation 
     options.'';
       (2) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (2)(E), by striking ``to a Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense, an Under Secretary of Defense, or a 
     Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
     ``to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, an Under Secretary of 
     Defense, or a Deputy Under Secretary of Defense'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) The governor of a State may recommend to the 
     Secretary of Defense additional geographical areas of concern 
     within that State. Any such recommendation shall be submitted 
     for notice and comment pursuant to paragraph (2)(C).'';
       (3) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``an under secretary 
     of defense, or a deputy under secretary of defense'' and 
     inserting ``an Under Secretary of Defense, or a Deputy Under 
     Secretary of Defense'';
       (4) in subsection (f), in the first sentence, by striking 
     ``from an applicant for a project filed with the Secretary of 
     Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49'' and 
     inserting ``from an entity requesting a review by the 
     Clearinghouse under this section''; and
       (5) in subsection (h)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), (5), (6), and (7) 
     as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), and (9), respectively;
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) The term `governor', with respect to a State, means 
     the chief executive officer of the State.'';
       (C) in paragraph (7), as redesignated by subparagraph (A), 
     by striking ``by the Federal Aviation Administration'' and 
     inserting ``by the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
     Administration''; and
       (D) by inserting after paragraph (7), as redesignated by 
     subparagraph (A), the following new paragraph:
       ``(8) The term `State' means the several States, the 
     District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the 
     Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, the 
     United States Virgin Islands, and American Samoa.''.

     SEC. 372. EXPANSION AND ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES ON 
                   TRANSFER AND ADOPTION OF MILITARY ANIMALS.

       (a) Transfer and Adoption Generally.--Section 2583 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Transfer or'' 
     before ``Adoption''; and
       (B) by striking ``adoption'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``transfer or adoption'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Transfer or'' 
     before ``Adoption''; and
       (B) in the first sentence, by striking ``adoption'' and 
     inserting ``transfer or adoption''; and
       (C) in the second sentence, striking ``adoptability'' and 
     inserting ``transferability or adoptability'';
       (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by inserting ``transfer or'' before ``adoption''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``, by'' after ``recommended priority'';
       (B) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by inserting ``adoption'' 
     before ``by'';
       (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or organizations'' 
     after ``persons''; and
       (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``by'' and inserting 
     ``transfer to''; and
       (4) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or 
     Adopted''after ``Transferred'';
       (B) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking ``transferred'' 
     each place it appears and inserting ``transferred or 
     adopted''; and
       (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``transfer'' each place 
     it appears and inserting ``transfer or adoption''.
       (b) Veterinary Screening and Care for Military Working Dogs 
     to Be Retired.--Such section is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as 
     subsections (g), (h), and (i), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Veterinary Screening and Care for Military Working 
     Dogs To Be Retired.--(1)(A) If the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned determines that a military working dog 
     should be retired, such Secretary shall transport the dog to 
     the Veterinary Treatment Facility at Lackland Air Force Base, 
     Texas.
       ``(B) In the case of a contract working dog to be retired, 
     transportation required by subparagraph (A) is satisfied by 
     the transfer of the dog to the 341st Training Squadron at the 
     end of the dog's service life as required by section 2410r of 
     this title and assignment of the dog to the Veterinary 
     Treatment Facility referred to in that subparagraph.
       ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each 
     dog transported as described in paragraph (1) to the 
     Veterinary Treatment Facility referred to in that paragraph 
     is provided with a full veterinary screening, and necessary 
     veterinary care (including surgery for any mental, dental, or 
     stress-related illness), before transportation of the dog in 
     accordance with subsection (g).
       ``(B) For purposes of this paragraph, stress-related 
     illness includes illness in connection with post-traumatic 
     stress, anxiety that manifests in a physical ailment, 
     obsessive compulsive behavior, and any other stress-related 
     ailment.
       ``(3) Transportation is not required under paragraph (1), 
     and screening and care is not required under paragraph (2), 
     for a military working dog located outside the United States 
     if the Secretary of the military department concerned 
     determines that transportation of the dog to the United 
     States would not be in the best interests of the dog for 
     medical reasons.''.
       (c) Coordination of Screening and Care Requirements With 
     Transportation Requirements.--Subsection (g) of such section, 
     as redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(g) Transportation of Retiring Military Working Dogs.--
     Upon completion of veterinary screening and care for a 
     military working dog to be retired pursuant to subsection 
     (f), the Secretary of the military department concerned 
     shall--
       ``(1) if the dog was at a location outside the United 
     States immediately prior to transportation for such screening 
     and care and a United States citizen or member of the armed 
     forces living abroad agrees to adopt the dog, transport the 
     dog to such location for adoption; or
       ``(2) for any other dog, transport the dog--
       ``(A) to the 341st Training Squadron;
       ``(B) to another location within the United States for 
     transfer or adoption under this section.''.
       (d) Preservation of Policy on Transfer of Military Working 
     Dogs to Law Enforcement Agencies.--Subsection (h) of such 
     section, as so redesignated, is amended in paragraph (3) by 
     striking ``adoption of military working dogs'' and all that 
     follows through the period at the end and inserting 
     ``transfer of military working dogs to law enforcement 
     agencies before the end of the dogs' useful working lives.''.
       (e) Clarification of Horses Treatable as Military 
     Animals.--Subsection (i) of such section, as so redesignated, 
     is amended by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
     following new paragraph (2):
       ``(2) An equid (horse, mule, or donkey) owned by the 
     Department of Defense.''.
       (f) Contract Term for Contract Working Dogs.--Section 
     2410r(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``, and shall contain a contract term,'' 
     after ``shall require'';
       (2) by inserting ``and assigned for veterinary screening 
     and care in accordance with section 2583 of this title'' 
     after ``341st Training Squadron''; and
       (3) by striking ``section 2583 of this title'' and 
     inserting ``such section''.

[[Page H9431]]

     SEC. 373. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO 
                   USE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REIMBURSEMENT RATE 
                   FOR TRANSPORTATION SERVICES PROVIDED TO CERTAIN 
                   NON-DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENTITIES.

       Section 2642(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``October 1, 2019'' and inserting ``October 1, 
     2024''.

     SEC. 374. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF 
                   TRANSPORTATION TO ISSUE NON-PREMIUM AVIATION 
                   INSURANCE.

       Section 44310(b) of title 49, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
     ``September 30, 2023''.

     SEC. 375. DEFENSE PERSONAL PROPERTY PROGRAM.

       (a) Report on Personal Property Program Improvement Action 
     Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment and the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall jointly submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report on 
     implementation of the Personal Property Program Improvement 
     Action Plan that was developed by the Personnel Relocation/
     Household Goods Movement Cross-Functional Team.
       (2) Contents of report.--The report required under 
     paragraph (1) shall include updated information on the 
     efforts of the Department of Defense to--
       (A) integrate permanent-change-of-station orders with 
     transportation systems;
       (B) reduce the number of report dates during peak moving 
     season;
       (C) synchronize the communication of information about 
     orders to all parties involved, including industry;
       (D) improve lead time for permanent-change-of-station 
     orders;
       (E) meet quality assurance inspection standards;
       (F) improve the claims review process; and
       (G) incorporate predictive analytics to anticipate 
     potentially problematic shipments.
       (3) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment and the Assistant Secretary of 
     Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall jointly provide to 
     the congressional defense committees a briefing on the report 
     required under this subsection.
       (b) Business Case Analysis.--Not later than 30 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commander of 
     United States Transportation Command shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a business case analysis for 
     the proposed award of a global household goods contract for 
     the defense personal property program.
       (c) GAO Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date on 
     which the Commander of United States Transportation Command 
     submits the business case analysis required by subsection 
     (b), the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on a 
     comprehensive study conducted by the Comptroller General that 
     includes--
       (1) an analysis of the effects that the outsourcing of the 
     management and oversight of the movement of household goods 
     to a private entity or entities would have on members of the 
     Armed Forces and their families;
       (2) a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis; and
       (3) recommendations for changes to the strategy of the 
     Department of Defense for the defense personal property 
     program.
       (d) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
     Department of Defense for fiscal year 2020 may be used to 
     enter into a global household goods contract until April 1, 
     2020.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``global household goods contract'' means the 
     solicitation managed by United States Transportation Command 
     to engage a private entity to manage the defense personal 
     property program.
       (2) The term ``defense personal property program'' means 
     the Department of Defense program used to manage the shipment 
     of the baggage and household effects of members of the Armed 
     Forces under section 476 of title 37, United States Code.

     SEC. 376. PUBLIC EVENTS ABOUT RED HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE 
                   FACILITY.

       (a) Requirement.--At least once every calendar quarter, the 
     Secretary of the Navy, or the designee of the Secretary, 
     shall hold an event that is open to the public at which the 
     Secretary shall provide up-to-date information about the Red 
     Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
       (b) Termination.--The requirement to hold events under 
     subsection (a) shall terminate on the earlier of the 
     following dates:
       (1) September 30, 2025.
       (2) The date on which the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
     Facility ceases operation.

     SEC. 377. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING INNOVATIVE READINESS 
                   TRAINING PROGRAM.

       It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the Innovative Readiness Training program is an 
     effective training program for members of the Armed Forces 
     and is highly beneficial to civilian-military relationships 
     with local American communities;
       (2) due to the geographic complexities and realities of 
     non-contiguous States and territories, Innovative Readiness 
     Training has lent greater benefit to such States and 
     territories while providing unique and realistic training 
     opportunities and deployment readiness for members of the 
     Armed Forces;
       (3) the Department of Defense should pursue continued 
     Innovative Readiness Training opportunities, and, where 
     applicable, strongly encourage the use of Innovative 
     Readiness Training in non-contiguous States and territories; 
     and
       (4) in considering whether to recommend a project, the 
     Secretary should consider the benefits of the project to the 
     economy of a region damaged by natural disasters.

     SEC. 378. DETONATION CHAMBERS FOR EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 
                   DISPOSAL.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall purchase 
     and operate a portable closed detonation chamber and water 
     jet cutting system to be deployed at a former naval 
     bombardment area located outside the continental United 
     States that is part of an active remediation program using 
     amounts made available for environmental restoration, Navy. 
     Upon a determination by the Secretary of the Navy that the 
     chamber has completed the mission of destroying appropriately 
     sized munitions at such former naval bombardment area, the 
     Secretary may deploy the chamber to another location.
       (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 $10,000,000 to carry 
     out subsection (a).

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
              levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
              reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
              active duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Authorized strengths for Marine Corps Reserves on active 
              duty.
Sec. 416. Modification of authorized strength of Air Force Reserve 
              serving on full-time reserve component duty for 
              administration of the reserves or the National Guard.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

     SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

       The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty 
     personnel as of September 30, 2020, as follows:
       (1) The Army, 480,000.
       (2) The Navy, 340,500.
       (3) The Marine Corps, 186,200.
       (4) The Air Force, 332,800.

     SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH 
                   MINIMUM LEVELS.

       Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the 
     following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) For the Army, 480,000.
       ``(2) For the Navy, 340,500.
       ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,200.
       ``(4) For the Air Force, 332,800.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

     SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

       (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
     for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as 
     of September 30, 2020, as follows:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,000.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 189,500.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 107,700.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,100.
       (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
       (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed 
     by subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
     component shall be proportionately reduced by--
       (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
     serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component 
     which are on active duty (other than for training) at the end 
     of the fiscal year; and
       (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
     organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
     component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
     for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
     consent at the end of the fiscal year.
       (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual 
     members of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are 
     released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end 
     strength prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected 
     Reserve of such reserve component shall be increased 
     proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
     units and by the total number of such individual members.

     SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN 
                   SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES.

       Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
     reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
     September 30, 2020, the following number of Reserves to be 
     serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the 
     case of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
     organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
     training the reserve components:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,155.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 22,637.

[[Page H9432]]

       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 4,431.

     SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL 
                   STATUS).

       (a) In General.--The minimum number of military technicians 
     (dual status) as of the last day of fiscal year 2020 for the 
     reserve components of the Army and the Air Force 
     (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States Code) 
     shall be the following:
       (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
     22,294.
       (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
       (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
     13,569.
       (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,938.
       (b) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military 
     technician (dual status) employed under the authority of this 
     section be coerced by a State into accepting an offer of 
     realignment or conversion to any other military status, 
     including as a member of the Active, Guard, and Reserve 
     program of a reserve component. If a military technician 
     (dual status) declines to participate in such realignment or 
     conversion, no further action will be taken against the 
     individual or the individual's position.
       (c) Adjustment of Authorized Strength.--
       (1) In general.--If, at the end of fiscal year 2019, the 
     Air National Guard of the United States does not meet its 
     full-time support realignment goals for such fiscal year (as 
     presented in the justification materials of the Department of 
     Defense in support of the budget of the President for such 
     fiscal year under section 1105 of title 31, United States 
     Code), the authorized number of military technicians (dual 
     status) of the Air National Guard of the United States under 
     subsection (a)(3) shall be increased by the number equal to 
     the difference between--
       (A) 3,190, which is the number of military technicians 
     (dual status) positions in the Air National Guard of the 
     United States sought to be converted to the Active, Guard, 
     and Reserve program of the Air National Guard during fiscal 
     year 2019; and
       (B) the number of realigned positions achieved in the Air 
     National Guard by the end of fiscal year 2019.
       (2) Limitation.--The increase under paragraph (1) in the 
     authorized number of military technician (dual status) 
     positions described in that paragraph may not exceed 2,292.
       (3) Decrease in authorized number of angus reserves on 
     active duty in support of the reserves.--In the event of an 
     adjustment to the authorized number military technicians 
     (dual status) of the Air National Guard of the United States 
     under this subsection, the number of members of the Air 
     National Guard of the United States authorized by section 
     412(5) to be on active duty as of September 30, 2020, shall 
     be decreased by the number equal to the number of such 
     adjustment.
       (d) Certification.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the 
     Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall certify to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives the number of positions realigned from a 
     military technician (dual status) position to a position in 
     the Active, Guard, and Reserve program of a reserve component 
     in fiscal year 2019.
       (e) Definitions.--In subsections (b), (c), and (d):
       (1) The term ``realigned position'' means any military 
     technician (dual status) position which has been converted or 
     realigned to a position in an Active, Guard, and Reserve 
     program of a reserve component under the full time support 
     rebalancing plan of the Armed Force concerned, regardless of 
     whether such position is encumbered.
       (2) The term ``Active, Guard, and Reserve program'', in the 
     case of a reserve component, means the program of the reserve 
     component under which Reserves serve on full-time active duty 
     or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
     Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, 
     recruiting, instructing, or training such reserve component.

     SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO 
                   BE ON ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

       During fiscal year 2020, the maximum number of members of 
     the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
     at any time on full-time operational support duty under 
     section 115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the 
     following:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

     SEC. 415. AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS FOR MARINE CORPS RESERVES ON 
                   ACTIVE DUTY.

       (a) Officers.--Section 12011(a)(1) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by striking those parts of the table 
     pertaining to the Marine Corps Reserve and inserting the 
     following:
       ``Marine Corps Reserve:


1,000.........................           99            63            20
1,200.........................          103            67            21
1,300.........................          107            70            22
1,400.........................          111            73            23
1,500.........................          114            76            24
1,600.........................          117            79            25
1,700.........................          120            82            26
1,800.........................          123            85            27
1,900.........................          126            88            28
2,000.........................          129            91            29
2,100.........................          132            94            30
2,200.........................          134            97            31
2,300.........................          136           100            32
2,400.........................          143           105            34
2,500.........................          149           109            35
2,600.........................          155           113            36
2,700.........................          161           118            37
2,800.........................          167           122            39
2,900.........................          173           126            41
3,000.........................          179           130         42''.
 
 

       (c) Senior Enlisted Members.--Section 12012(a) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking those parts of the 
     table pertaining to the Marine Corps Reserve and inserting 
     the following:
       ``Marine Corps Reserve:


1,100.......................................           50            11
1,200.......................................           55            12
1,300.......................................           60            13
1,400.......................................           65            14
1,500.......................................           70            15
1,600.......................................           75            16
1,700.......................................           80            17
1,800.......................................           85            18
1,900.......................................           89            19
2,000.......................................           93            20
2,100.......................................           96            21
2,200.......................................           99            22
2,300.......................................          101            23
2,400.......................................          106            24
2,500.......................................          112            25
2,600.......................................          116            26
2,700.......................................          121            27

[[Page H9433]]

 
2,800.......................................          125            28
2,900.......................................          130            29
3,000.......................................          134         30''.
 


     SEC. 416. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORIZED STRENGTH OF AIR FORCE 
                   RESERVE SERVING ON FULL-TIME RESERVE COMPONENT 
                   DUTY FOR ADMINISTRATION OF THE RESERVES OR THE 
                   NATIONAL GUARD.

       (a) In General.--The table in section 12011(a)(1) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by striking the matter 
     relating to the Air Force Reserve and inserting the following 
     new matter:
       ``Air Force Reserve


1,000.........................          166           170           100
1,500.........................          245           251           143
2,000.........................          322           330           182
2,500.........................          396           406           216
3,000.........................          467           479           246
3,500.........................          536           550           271
4,000.........................          602           618           292
4,500.........................          665           683           308
5,000.........................          726           746           320
5,500.........................          784           806           325
6,000.........................          840           864           327
7,000.........................          962           990           347
8,000.........................        1,087         1,110           356
10,000........................        1,322         1,362        395''.
 
 
 

       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with 
     respect to fiscal years beginning on or after that date.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
     the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise 
     provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
     funding table in section 4401.
       (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
     appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other 
     authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
     such purpose for fiscal year 2020.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Maker of original appointments in a regular or reserve 
              component of commissioned officers previously subject to 
              original appointment in other type of component.
Sec. 502. Furnishing of adverse information on officers to promotion 
              selection boards.
Sec. 503. Limitation on number of officers recommendable for promotion 
              by promotion selection boards.
Sec. 504. Expansion of authority for continuation on active duty of 
              officers in certain military specialties and career 
              tracks.
Sec. 505. Management policies for joint qualified officers.
Sec. 506. Modification of authorities on management of deployments of 
              members of the Armed Forces and related unit operating 
              and personnel tempo matters.
Sec. 507. Personnel tempo of the Armed Forces and the United States 
              Special Operations Command during periods of 
              inapplicability of high-deployment limitations.
Sec. 508. Permanent authority to defer past age 64 the retirement of 
              chaplains in general and flag officer grades.
Sec. 509. Higher grade in retirement for officers following reopening 
              of determination or certification of retired grade.
Sec. 510. Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers of 
              particular merit be placed higher on promotion list.
Sec. 510A. Availability on the internet of certain information about 
              officers serving in general or flag officer grades.
Sec. 510B. Functional badge or insignia upon commission for chaplains.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Modification of grade level threshold for Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 512. Inclusion of STEM in courses of instruction for the Junior 
              Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 513. Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps units.
Sec. 514. Clarification of eligibility to serve as Commander, Marine 
              Forces Reserve.
Sec. 515. Extension and periodic evaluation of suicide prevention and 
              resilience program for the reserve components.
Sec. 516. Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of officers 
              in medical specialties in the reserve components.
Sec. 517. Modernization of inspection authorities applicable to the 
              National Guard.
Sec. 518. Consultation with Chief of the National Guard Bureau in the 
              appointment or designation of National Guard property and 
              fiscal officers.
Sec. 519. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 520. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
              officer unit vacancy promotions by commanders of 
              associated active duty units.
Sec. 520A. Report on methods to enhance domestic response to large 
              scale, complex and catastrophic disasters.
Sec. 520B. Report and briefing on the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
              Corps.
Sec. 520C. Sense of Congress on increase in number of Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps units.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 521. Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards for 
              correction of military records and discharge review 
              boards of certain claims.
Sec. 522. Reduction in required number of members of discharge review 
              boards.
Sec. 523. Establishment of process to review a request for upgrade of 
              discharge or dismissal.
Sec. 524. Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel assigned 
              to duty with a service review agency.
Sec. 525. Training of members of boards for correction of military 
              records and discharge review boards on sexual trauma, 
              intimate partner violence, spousal abuse, and related 
              matters.
Sec. 526. Time requirements for certification of honorable service.
Sec. 527. Correction of certain discharge characterizations.
Sec. 528. Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources of 
              information to determine eligibility of members and 
              former members of the Armed Forces for decorations when 
              the service records are incomplete because of damage to 
              the official record.
Sec. 529. Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion.
Sec. 530. Study regarding screening individuals who seek to enlist in 
              the Armed Forces.
Sec. 530A. Feasibility study regarding notification to Secretary of 
              Homeland Security of honorable discharges of non-
              citizens.
Sec. 530B. Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military 
              judges and military magistrates in the interest of 
              efficiency in military justice.
Sec. 532. Command influence.
Sec. 533. Statute of limitations for certain offenses.
Sec. 534. Public access to dockets, filings, and court records of 
              courts-martial or other records of trial of the military 
              justice system.

[[Page H9434]]

Sec. 535. Extension of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
              Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 536. Authority for return of personal property to victims of 
              sexual assault who file a Restricted Report before 
              conclusion of related proceedings.
Sec. 537. Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the 
              Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 538. Notification of significant events and documentation of 
              preference for prosecution jurisdiction for victims of 
              sexual assault.
Sec. 539. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for certain 
              military criminal investigative organizations.
Sec. 540. Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness 
              Assistance Program liaisons.
Sec. 540A. Training for sexual assault initial disposition authorities 
              on exercise of disposition authority for sexual assault 
              and collateral offenses.
Sec. 540B. Training for commanders in the Armed Forces on their role in 
              all stages of military justice in connection with sexual 
              assault.
Sec. 540C. Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
Sec. 540D. Department of Defense-wide policy and military department-
              specific programs on reinvigoration of the prevention of 
              sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540E. Recommendations on separate punitive article in the Uniform 
              Code of Military Justice on sexual harassment.
Sec. 540F. Report on military justice system involving alternative 
              authority for determining whether to prefer or refer 
              changes for felony offenses under the Uniform Code of 
              Military Justice.
Sec. 540G. Report on standardization among the military departments in 
              collection and presentation of information on matters 
              within the military justice system.
Sec. 540H. Report on expansion of Air Force safe to report policy 
              across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540I. Assessment of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the 
              military justice system.
Sec. 540J. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
              justice system.
Sec. 540K. Report on preservation of recourse to restricted report on 
              sexual assault for victims of sexual assault following 
              certain victim or third-party communications.
Sec. 540L. Report on establishment of guardian ad litem program for 
              certain military dependents who are a victim or witness 
              of an offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice 
              involving abuse or exploitation.
Sec. 540M. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
              implementation by the Armed Forces of recent statutory 
              requirements on sexual assault prevention and response in 
              the military.
Sec. 540N. Sense of Congress on the Port Chicago 50.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Improvement of certain Special Victims' Counsel authorities.
Sec. 542. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel at military 
              installations.
Sec. 543. Notification of issuance of military protective order to 
              civilian law enforcement.
Sec. 544. Copyright protection for civilian faculty of certain 
              accredited institutions.
Sec. 545. Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of 
              servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or illness 
              or die while in military service.
Sec. 546. Military orders required for termination of leases pursuant 
              to the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 547. Preservation of right to bring class action under 
              Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 548. Legal counsel for victims of alleged domestic violence 
              offenses.
Sec. 549. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
              further administrative action following a determination 
              not to refer to trial by court-martial.
Sec. 550. Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender Program 
              for certain purposes.
Sec. 550A. Policies and procedures on registration at military 
              installations of civilian protective orders applicable to 
              members of the Armed Forces assigned to such 
              installations and certain other individuals.
Sec. 550B. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
              Misconduct.
Sec. 550C. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
              justice matters in the States of the military 
              installations to which assigned.
Sec. 550D. Enhancing the capability of military criminal investigative 
              organizations to prevent and combat child sexual 
              exploitation.
Sec. 550E. Feasibility study on establishment of database of military 
              protective orders.
Sec. 550F. GAO review of USERRA and SCRA.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

Sec. 551. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
              Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 552. Inclusion of Coast Guard in Department of Defense STARBASE 
              Program.
Sec. 553. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
              Graduate School; limitation on establishment of certain 
              educational institutions.
Sec. 554. Prohibition on off-duty employment for cadets and midshipmen 
              completing obligated service after graduation.
Sec. 555. Consideration of request for transfer of a cadet or 
              midshipman at a military service academy who is the 
              victim of a sexual assault or related offense.
Sec. 556. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air 
              Force Institute of Technology as the Director and 
              Chancellor of such Institute.
Sec. 557. Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate 
              degree programs of the Community College of the Air 
              Force.
Sec. 558. Speech disorders of cadets and midshipmen.
Sec. 559. Requirement to continue provision of tuition assistance for 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 560. Information on institutions of higher education participating 
              in the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance Program.
Sec. 560A. Inclusion of information on free credit monitoring in annual 
              financial literacy briefing.
Sec. 560B. Programs to facilitate the award of private pilot's 
              certificates.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 561. Requirement to provide information regarding benefits claims 
              to members during TAP counseling.
Sec. 562. Participation of other Federal agencies in the SkillBridge 
              apprenticeship and internship program for members of the 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 563. First modification of elements of report on the improved 
              Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 564. Second modification of elements of report on the improved 
              Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 565. Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps 
              Recruit Depots.
Sec. 566. Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction of 
              the Secretaries of the military departments.
Sec. 567. Review of Department of Defense training programs regarding 
              disinformation campaigns.
Sec. 568. Command matters in connection with transition assistance 
              programs.
Sec. 569. Machine readability and electronic transferability of 
              Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD 
              Form 214).
Sec. 570. Records of service for Reserves.
Sec. 570A. Limitations and requirements in connection with separations 
              for members of the Armed Forces who suffer from mental 
              health conditions in connection with a sex-related, 
              intimate partner violence-related, or spousal-abuse 
              offense.
Sec. 570B. Prohibition on involuntary separation of certain members of 
              the Armed Forces; consideration of military service in 
              removal determinations.
Sec. 570C. Inclusion of question regarding immigration status on 
              preseparation counseling checklist (DD Form 2648).
Sec. 570D. Counseling for members of the Armed Forces who are not 
              citizens of the United States on naturalization in the 
              United States.
Sec. 570E. Pilot program on information sharing between Department of 
              Defense and designated relatives and friends of members 
              of the Armed Forces regarding the experiences and 
              challenges of military service.
Sec. 570F. Connections of members retiring or separating from the Armed 
              Forces with community-based organizations and related 
              entities.
Sec. 570G. Pilot program regarding online application for the 
              Transition Assistance Program.

    Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 571. Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption in 
              more than one increment.
Sec. 572. Deferred deployment for members who give birth.
Sec. 573. Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains of 
              a covered decedent to no more than two places selected by 
              the person designated to direct disposition of the 
              remains.
Sec. 574. Military funeral honors matters.
Sec. 575. Improvement of occupational license portability for relocated 
              spouses of members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 576. Continued eligibility for education and training 
              opportunities for spouses of promoted members.
Sec. 577. Modification to authority to reimburse for State licensure 
              and certification costs of a spouse of a servicemember 
              arising from relocation.

[[Page H9435]]

Sec. 578. Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer entitlement 
              under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program.
Sec. 579. Annual State report card.
Sec. 580. Improvements to child care for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 580A. Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses for 
              next of kin.
Sec. 580B. Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with 
              representative groups of survivors of deceased members of 
              the Armed Forces.
Sec. 580C. Information and opportunities for registration for voting 
              and absentee ballot requests for members of the Armed 
              Forces undergoing deployment overseas.
Sec. 580D. Study on two-way military ballot barcode tracking.
Sec. 580E. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 580F. First expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
              for military spouses.
Sec. 580G. Second expansion of the My Career Advancement Account 
              program for military spouses.
Sec. 580H. Report on training and support available to military 
              spouses.
Sec. 580I. Ri'katak Guest Student Program at United States Army 
              Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Modification of authorities on eligibility for and 
              replacement of gold star lapel buttons.
Sec. 582. Standardization of honorable service requirement for award of 
              military decorations.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. 
              Duffy for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Sec. 584. Review of World War I valor medals.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Clarification of the term ``assault'' for purposes of 
              Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or 
              permanent disabled retirement lists in military adaptive 
              sports programs.
Sec. 593. Questions in surveys regarding extremist activity in the 
              workplace.
Sec. 594. Study on best practices for providing financial literacy 
              education for separating members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 595. Report on oversight of authorized strengths of certain grades 
              of commissioned regular and reserve officers of the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on certain waivers.
Sec. 597. Notifications on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 598. Report regarding use of aerial systems of the Department of 
              Defense to support agencies of States, Territories, and 
              the Federal Government.
Sec. 599. Information for members of the Armed Forces on availability 
              of services of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
              relating to sexual trauma.
Sec. 599A. Authority to issue an honorary promotion to Colonel Charles 
              E. McGee, United States Air Force (ret.), to the grade of 
              brigadier general.
Sec. 599B. Authority to issue an honorary and posthumous promotion to 
              Lieutenant Colonel Richard Cole, United States Air Force 
              (ret.), to the grade of colonel.
Sec. 599C. Sense of Congress on the honorable and distinguished service 
              of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States Marine Corps, 
              to the United States.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

     SEC. 501. MAKER OF ORIGINAL APPOINTMENTS IN A REGULAR OR 
                   RESERVE COMPONENT OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS 
                   PREVIOUSLY SUBJECT TO ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT IN 
                   OTHER TYPE OF COMPONENT.

       (a) Maker of Regular Appointments in Transfer From Reserve 
     Active-status List to Active-duty List.--Section 531(c) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``the 
     Secretary concerned'' and inserting ``the Secretary of 
     Defense''.
       (b) Maker of Reserve Appointments in Transfer From Active-
     duty List to Reserve Active-status List.--Section 12203(b) of 
     such title is amended by striking ``the Secretary concerned'' 
     and inserting ``the Secretary of Defense''.
       (c) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting 
     forth the following:
       (1) The average number per fiscal year, during fiscal years 
     2010 through 2019, of transfers of appointment from regular 
     officer to reserve officer in the Armed Forces, set forth by 
     each of transfers requiring and transfers not requiring 
     appointment by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
       (2) The average amount of time required per fiscal year, 
     during such fiscal years, for completion of a transfer of 
     appointment from regular officer to reserve officer in 
     situations not requiring appointment by and with the advice 
     and consent of the Senate.
       (3) An assessment of the number of officers who experience 
     a break-in-service due to delays in transfer of appointment 
     from regular officer to reserve officer as a result of the 
     requirement for appointment by and with the advice and 
     consent of the Senate.
       (4) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     each of the following:
       (A) Appointment of regular officers as both a regular 
     officer and a reserve officer immediately upon commissioning.
       (B) Consolidation of the provisions of title 10, United 
     States Code, relating to appointment as a regular or reserve 
     officer in a manner designed to facilitate and improve 
     officer retention.
       (5) Such other recommendations for legislative or 
     administrative action as the Secretary considers appropriate 
     to improve the rapid transfer of appointment of an officer 
     from regular status to reserve status.

     SEC. 502. FURNISHING OF ADVERSE INFORMATION ON OFFICERS TO 
                   PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.

       (a) Expansion of Grades of Officers for Which Information 
     Is Furnished.--Section 615(a)(3) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
       (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
     striking ``a grade above colonel or, in the case of the Navy, 
     captain'' and inserting ``a grade specified in subparagraph 
     (B)''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) A grade specified in this subparagraph is as follows:
       ``(i) In the case of a regular officer, a grade above 
     captain or, in the case of the Navy, lieutenant.
       ``(ii) In the case of a reserve officer, a grade above 
     lieutenant colonel or, in the case of the Navy, commander.''.
       (b) Furnishing at Every Phase of Consideration.--Such 
     section is further amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subparagraph:
       ``(C) The standards and procedures referred to in 
     subparagraph (A) shall require the furnishing to the 
     selection board, and to each individual member of the board, 
     the information described in that subparagraph with regard to 
     an officer in a grade specified in subparagraph (B) at each 
     stage or phase of the selection board, concurrent with the 
     screening, rating, assessment, evaluation, discussion, or 
     other consideration by the board or member of the official 
     military personnel file of the officer, or of the officer.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to the proceedings of promotion 
     selection boards convened under section 611(a) of title 10, 
     United States Code, after that date.

     SEC. 503. LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF OFFICERS RECOMMENDABLE FOR 
                   PROMOTION BY PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.

       (a) In General.--Section 616 of title 10, United States 
     Code is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g) as 
     subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) The number of officers recommended for promotion by a 
     selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title 
     may not exceed the number equal to 95 percent of the number 
     of officers included in the promotion zone established under 
     section 623 of this title for consideration by the board.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to consideration by promotion 
     selection boards convened under section 611(a) of title 10, 
     United States Code, of promotion zones that are established 
     under section 623 of that title on or after that date.

     SEC. 504. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY FOR CONTINUATION ON ACTIVE 
                   DUTY OF OFFICERS IN CERTAIN MILITARY 
                   SPECIALTIES AND CAREER TRACKS.

       Section 637a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by inserting ``separation or'' after ``provided for the''.

     SEC. 505. MANAGEMENT POLICIES FOR JOINT QUALIFIED OFFICERS.

       Section 661(d)(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended in the third sentence by inserting ``or a designee of 
     the Chairman who is an officer of the armed forces in grade 
     O-9 or higher'' before the period.

     SEC. 506. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES ON MANAGEMENT OF 
                   DEPLOYMENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
                   RELATED UNIT OPERATING AND PERSONNEL TEMPO 
                   MATTERS.

       (a) Limitation on Scope of Delegations of Approval of 
     Exceptions to Deployment Thresholds.--Paragraph (3) of 
     section 991(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``be delegated to--'' and all that follows and 
     inserting ``be delegated to a civilian officer of the 
     Department of Defense appointed by the President, by and with 
     the advice and consent of the Senate.''.
       (b) Separate Policies on Dwell Time for Regular and Reserve 
     Members.--Paragraph (4) of such section is amended--
       (1) by striking ``addresses the amount'' and inserting 
     ``addresses each of the following:
       ``(A) The amount.'';
       (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
     inserting ``regular'' before ``member''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) The amount of dwell time a reserve member of the 
     armed forces remains at the member's permanent duty station 
     after completing a deployment of 30 days or more in 
     length.''.

[[Page H9436]]

     SEC. 507. PERSONNEL TEMPO OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THE UNITED 
                   STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND DURING 
                   PERIODS OF INAPPLICABILITY OF HIGH-DEPLOYMENT 
                   LIMITATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Section 991(d) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2)(A) Whenever a waiver is in effect under paragraph 
     (1), the member or group of members covered by the waiver 
     shall be subject to specific and measurable deployment 
     thresholds established and maintained for purposes of this 
     subsection.
       ``(B) Thresholds under this paragraph may be applicable--
       ``(i) uniformly, Department of Defense-wide; or
       ``(ii) separately, with respect to each armed force or the 
     United States Special Operations Command.
       ``(C) If thresholds under this paragraph are applicable 
     Department-wide, such thresholds shall be established and 
     maintained by the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel 
     and Readiness. If such thresholds are applicable only to one 
     armed force or the Under States Special Operations Command, 
     such thresholds shall be established and maintained 
     respectively by the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of 
     the Navy (other than with respect to the Marine Corps), the 
     Secretary of the Air Force, the Commandant of the Marine 
     Corps (with respect to the Marine Corps), and the Commander 
     of the United States Special Operations Command, as 
     applicable.
       ``(D) In undertaking recordkeeping for purposes of 
     subsection (c), the Under Secretary shall, in conjunction 
     with the officials and officers referred to in subparagraph 
     (C), collect complete and reliable personnel tempo data of 
     members described in subparagraph (A) in order to ensure that 
     the Department, the armed forces, and the United States 
     Special Operations Command fully and completely monitor 
     personnel tempo under any waiver authorized under paragraph 
     (1) and the effect of such waiver on the armed forces.''.
       (b) Deadline for Implementation.--Paragraph (2) of section 
     991(d) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
     subsection (a), shall be fully implemented by not later than 
     March 1, 2020.

     SEC. 508. PERMANENT AUTHORITY TO DEFER PAST AGE 64 THE 
                   RETIREMENT OF CHAPLAINS IN GENERAL AND FLAG 
                   OFFICER GRADES.

       Section 1253(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking paragraph (3).

     SEC. 509. HIGHER GRADE IN RETIREMENT FOR OFFICERS FOLLOWING 
                   REOPENING OF DETERMINATION OR CERTIFICATION OF 
                   RETIRED GRADE.

       (a) Advice and Consent of Senate Required for Higher 
     Grade.--Section 1370(f) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
     paragraph (5):
       ``(5) If the retired grade of an officer is proposed to be 
     increased through the reopening of the determination or 
     certification of officer's retired grade, the increase in the 
     retired grade shall be made by the Secretary of Defense, by 
     and with the advice and consent of the Senate.''.
       (b) Recalculation of Retired Pay.--Paragraph (6) of such 
     section, as redesignated by subsection (a)(1), is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``or increased'' after ``reduced'';
       (2) by inserting ``as a result of the reduction or 
     increase'' after ``any modification of the retired pay of the 
     officer'';
       (3) by inserting ``or increase'' after ``the reduction''; 
     and
       (4) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``An 
     officer whose retired grade is increased as described in the 
     preceding sentence shall not be entitled to an increase in 
     retired pay for any period before the effective date of the 
     increase.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply to an increase in the retired grade of an 
     officer that occurs through a reopening of the determination 
     or certification of the officer's retired grade on or after 
     that date, regardless of when the officer retired.

     SEC. 510. AUTHORITY OF PROMOTION BOARDS TO RECOMMEND THAT 
                   OFFICERS OF PARTICULAR MERIT BE PLACED HIGHER 
                   ON PROMOTION LIST.

       (a) In General.--Section 14108 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(f) Higher Placement of Officers of Particular Merit on 
     Promotion List.--(1) In selecting officers to be recommended 
     for promotion, a promotion board may, when authorized by the 
     Secretary concerned, recommend that officers of particular 
     merit, from among those officers selected for promotion, be 
     placed higher on the promotion list established by the 
     Secretary under section 14308(a) of this title.
       ``(2) A promotion board may make a recommendation under 
     paragraph (1) only if an officer receives the recommendation 
     of--
       ``(A) a majority of the members of the promotion board; or
       ``(B) an alternative requirement established by the 
     Secretary concerned and furnished to the promotion board as 
     part of the guidelines under section 14107 of this title.
       ``(3) For officers who receive recommendations under 
     paragraph (1), the board shall recommend the order in which 
     those officers should be placed on the promotion list.''.
       (b) Reports Regarding Recommendations That Officers of 
     Particular Merit Be Placed Higher on Promotion List.--Section 
     14109 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(d) Report of Officers Recommended for Higher Placement 
     on Promotion List.--A promotion board convened under section 
     14101(a) of this title shall, when authorized under section 
     14108(f) of this title, include in its report to the 
     Secretary concerned--
       ``(1) the names of those officers the promotion board 
     recommends be placed higher on the promotion list; and
       ``(2) the order in which the promotion board recommends 
     those officers should be placed on the promotion list.''.
       (c) Officers of Particular Merit Appearing Higher on 
     Promotion List.--Section 14308(a) of such title is amended in 
     the first sentence by inserting ``or based on particular 
     merit, as determined by the promotion board'' before the 
     period.

     SEC. 510A. AVAILABILITY ON THE INTERNET OF CERTAIN 
                   INFORMATION ABOUT OFFICERS SERVING IN GENERAL 
                   OR FLAG OFFICER GRADES.

       (a) Availability Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of each military department 
     shall make available on an internet website of such 
     department available to the public information specified in 
     paragraph (2) on each officer in a general or flag officer 
     grade under the jurisdiction of such Secretary, including any 
     such officer on the reserve active-status list.
       (2) Information.--The information on an officer specified 
     by this paragraph to be made available pursuant to paragraph 
     (1) is the information as follows:
       (A) The officer's name.
       (B) The officer's current grade, duty position, command or 
     organization, and location of assignment.
       (C) A summary list of the officer's past duty assignments 
     while serving in a general or flag officer grade.
       (b) Additional Public Notice on Certain Officers.--Whenever 
     an officer in a grade of O-7 or above is assigned to a new 
     billet or reassigned from a current billet, the Secretary of 
     the military department having jurisdiction of such officer 
     shall make available on an internet website of such 
     department available to the public a notice of such 
     assignment or reassignment.
       (c) Limitation on Withholding of Certain Information or 
     Notice.--
       (1) Limitation.--The Secretary of a military department may 
     not withhold the information or notice specified in 
     subsections (a) and (b) from public availability pursuant to 
     subsection (a), unless and until the Secretary notifies the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives in writing of the information or notice that 
     will be so withheld, together with justification for 
     withholding the information or notice from public 
     availability.
       (2) Limited duration of withholding.--The Secretary 
     concerned may withhold from the public under paragraph (1) 
     information or notice on an officer only on the basis of 
     individual risk or national security, and may continue to 
     withhold such information or notice only for so long as the 
     basis for withholding remains in force.

     SEC. 510B. FUNCTIONAL BADGE OR INSIGNIA UPON COMMISSION FOR 
                   CHAPLAINS.

       A military chaplain shall receive a functional badge or 
     insignia upon commission.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

     SEC. 511. MODIFICATION OF GRADE LEVEL THRESHOLD FOR JUNIOR 
                   RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

       Section 2031(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``above the 8th grade'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``above the 7th grade and physically 
     co-located with the 9th grade participating unit''.

     SEC. 512. INCLUSION OF STEM IN COURSES OF INSTRUCTION FOR THE 
                   JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2031(b)(3) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting ``and which may include 
     instruction or activities in the fields of science, 
     technology, engineering, and mathematics'' after 
     ``duration''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

     SEC. 513. INCLUSION OF HOMESCHOOLED STUDENTS IN JUNIOR 
                   RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS.

       Section 2031 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(g)(1) Each public secondary educational institution that 
     maintains a unit under this section shall permit membership 
     in the unit to homeschooled students residing in the area 
     served by the institution who are qualified for membership in 
     the unit (but for lack of enrollment in the institution).
       ``(2) A student who is a member of a unit pursuant to this 
     subsection shall count toward the satisfaction by the 
     institution concerned of the requirement in subsection (b)(1) 
     relating to the minimum number of student members in the unit 
     necessary for the continuing maintenance of the unit.''.

     SEC. 514. CLARIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY TO SERVE AS COMMANDER, 
                   MARINE FORCES RESERVE.

       (a) In General.--Section 8084(b)(1) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by striking ``general officers of the 
     Marine Corps (as defined in section 8001(2))'' and inserting 
     ``general officers of the Marine Corps Reserve''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date that is one year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act and shall apply to appointments 
     made after such date.

[[Page H9437]]

     SEC. 515. EXTENSION AND PERIODIC EVALUATION OF SUICIDE 
                   PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE PROGRAM FOR THE 
                   RESERVE COMPONENTS.

       Section 10219 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h);
       (2) in subsection (h), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by 
     striking ``2020'' and inserting ``2025''; and
       (3) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
     subsection (g):
       ``(g) Triennial Evaluation.--The Secretary shall evaluate 
     the program every third year beginning in 2022 until the 
     program terminates to determine whether the program 
     effectively--
       ``(1) provides training and assistance under subsections 
     (b), (c), and (d); and
       ``(2) implements subsection (e).''.

     SEC. 516. AUTHORITY TO DEFER MANDATORY SEPARATION AT AGE 68 
                   OF OFFICERS IN MEDICAL SPECIALTIES IN THE 
                   RESERVE COMPONENTS.

       Section 14703(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``An'' and inserting ``(1) Subject to 
     paragraph (2), an''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (2):
       ``(2) The Secretary concerned may, with the consent of the 
     officer, retain in an active status an officer in a medical 
     specialty described in subsection (a) beyond the date 
     described in paragraph (1) of this subsection if the 
     Secretary concerned determines that such retention is 
     necessary to the military department concerned. Each such 
     retention shall be made on a case-by-case basis and for such 
     period as the Secretary concerned determines appropriate.''.

     SEC. 517. MODERNIZATION OF INSPECTION AUTHORITIES APPLICABLE 
                   TO THE NATIONAL GUARD.

       (a) Modernization of Inspection Authorities of Secretaries 
     of the Army and Air Force.--Subsection (a) of section 105 of 
     title 32, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``by him, the Secretary of the Army shall 
     have'' and inserting ``by such Secretary, the Secretary of 
     the Army and the Secretary of the Air Force shall each 
     have'';
       (B) by striking ``, if necessary,''; and
       (C) by striking ``the Regular Army'' and inserting ``the 
     Regular Army or the Regular Air Force'';
       (2) by striking ``Army National Guard'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``Army National Guard or Air National 
     Guard''; and
       (3) by striking the flush matter following paragraph (7).
       (b) Inspection Authority of Chief of the National Guard 
     Bureau on Behalf of Secretaries.--Such section is further 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(c) The Chief of the National Guard Bureau may have an 
     inspection described in subsection (a) made by inspectors 
     general, or by commissioned officers of the Army National 
     Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the 
     United States detailed for that purpose, on behalf of the 
     Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air Force. Any 
     such inspection may be made only with the approval of the 
     Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air Force, as 
     applicable.''.

     SEC. 518. CONSULTATION WITH CHIEF OF THE NATIONAL GUARD 
                   BUREAU IN THE APPOINTMENT OR DESIGNATION OF 
                   NATIONAL GUARD PROPERTY AND FISCAL OFFICERS.

       Section 708(a) of title 32, United States Code, is amended 
     in the first sentence by inserting ``, in consultation with 
     the Chief of the National Guard Bureau,'' after ``shall''.

     SEC. 519. COAST GUARD JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING 
                   CORPS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 3 of title 14, United States Code, 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

     ``Sec. 320. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
       Corps

       ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the department in 
     which the Coast Guard is operating may establish and maintain 
     a Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps, organized into 
     units, at public and private secondary educational 
     institutions.
       ``(b) Applicability.--Except as provided in subsection (c), 
     the provisions of chapter 102 of title 10 shall apply to a 
     Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps established and 
     maintained under this section in the same manner that such 
     provisions apply to the Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
     Corps of each military department. For purposes of the 
     application of such provisions to this section--
       ``(1) any reference in such provisions to a `military 
     department' shall be treated as a reference to the department 
     in which the Coast Guard is operating; and
       ``(2) any reference in such provisions to a `Secretary of a 
     military department', a `Secretary concerned', or the 
     `Secretary of Defense' shall be treated as a reference to the 
     Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is 
     operating.
       ``(c) Exception.--The requirements of chapter 102 of title 
     10 shall not apply to a unit of the Junior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps established by the Secretary of the department 
     in which the Coast Guard is operating before the date of the 
     enactment of this section unless the Secretary determines it 
     is appropriate to apply such requirements to such unit.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``320. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.''.

     SEC. 520. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR REVIEW OF CERTAIN ARMY 
                   RESERVE OFFICER UNIT VACANCY PROMOTIONS BY 
                   COMMANDERS OF ASSOCIATED ACTIVE DUTY UNITS.

       Section 1113 of the Army National Guard Combat Readiness 
     Reform Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 10105 note) 
     is repealed.

     SEC. 520A. REPORT ON METHODS TO ENHANCE DOMESTIC RESPONSE TO 
                   LARGE SCALE, COMPLEX AND CATASTROPHIC 
                   DISASTERS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation and coordination with the Federal Emergency 
     Management Agency, the National Security Council, the Council 
     of Governors, and the National Governors Association, shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees, the Committee 
     on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and the 
     Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of 
     the Senate a report on the plan of the Department to 
     establish policy and processes to implement the authority 
     under section 502 of title 32, United States Code. The report 
     shall include a detailed examination of the policy framework 
     consistent with existing authorities, identify major 
     statutory or policy impediments to implementation, and make 
     recommendations for legislation as appropriate.
       (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) 
     shall include a description of--
       (1) the current policy and processes whereby governors can 
     request activation of the National Guard under title 32, 
     United States Code, as part of the response to large scale, 
     complex, catastrophic disasters that are supported by the 
     Federal Government and, if no formal process exists in 
     policy, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a timeline and 
     plan to establish such a policy, including consultation with 
     the Council of Governors and the National Governors 
     Association;
       (2) the Secretary of Defense's assessment, informed by 
     consultation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, 
     the National Security Council, the Council of Governors, and 
     the National Governors Association, regarding the sufficiency 
     of current authorities for the reimbursement of National 
     Guard and Reserve manpower during large scale, complex, 
     catastrophic disasters under title 10 and title 32, United 
     States Code, and specifically whether reimbursement 
     authorities are sufficient to ensure that military training 
     and readiness are not degraded to fund disaster response, or 
     whether invoking such reimbursement authorities degrades the 
     effectiveness of the Disaster Relief Fund;
       (3) the Department of Defense's plan to ensure there is 
     parallel and consistent policy in the application of the 
     authorities granted under section 12304a of title 10, United 
     States Code, and section 502(f) of title 32, United States 
     Code, including--
       (A) a description of the disparities between benefits and 
     protections under Federal law versus State active duty;
       (B) recommended solutions to achieve parity at the Federal 
     level; and
       (C) recommended changes at the State level, if appropriate; 
     and
       (4) the Department of Defense's plan to ensure there is 
     parity of benefits and protections for military members 
     employed as part of the response to large scale, complex, 
     catastrophic disasters under title 32 or title 10, United 
     States Code, and recommendations for addressing any 
     shortfalls.

     SEC. 520B. REPORT AND BRIEFING ON THE SENIOR RESERVE 
                   OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

       (a) Report on Various Expansions of the Corps.--Not later 
     than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     a report setting forth the following:
       (1) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     distance learning programs for the Senior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps for students at educational institutions who 
     reside outside the viable range for a cross-town program.
       (2) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     expanding the eligibility of institutions authorized to 
     maintain a unit of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
     Corps to include community colleges.
       (b) Briefing on Long-term Effects on the Corps of the 
     Operation of Certain Recent Prohibitions.--
       (1) Briefing required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall brief the congressional defense committees on the 
     effects of the prohibitions in section 8032 of the Department 
     of Defense Appropriations Act, 2019 (division A of Public Law 
     115-245) on the long-term viability of the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps.
       (2) Elements.--The matters addressed by the briefing under 
     paragraph (1) shall include an assessment of the effects of 
     the prohibitions described in paragraph (1) on the following:
       (A) Readiness.
       (B) The efficient manning and administration of Senior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps units.
       (C) The ability of the Armed Forces to commission on a 
     yearly basis the number and quality of new officers they need 
     and that are representative of the nation as a whole.
       (D) The availability of Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
     Corps scholarships in rural areas.
       (E) Whether the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
     program produces officers representative of the demographic 
     and geographic diversity of the United States, especially 
     with respect to urban areas, and whether restrictions on 
     establishing or disestablishing units of the Corps affects 
     the diversity of the officer corps of the Armed Forces.

     SEC. 520C. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON INCREASE IN NUMBER OF JUNIOR 
                   RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS.

       It is the sense of Congress that the Junior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps was supported in

[[Page H9438]]

     the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) and should be increased 
     in fiscal year 2020 to include not fewer than 3,700 units 
     nationwide.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

     SEC. 521. ADVICE AND COUNSEL OF TRAUMA EXPERTS IN REVIEW BY 
                   BOARDS FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND 
                   DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS OF CERTAIN CLAIMS.

       (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--Section 
     1552(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(g)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is 
     reviewing a claim described in subsection (h), the board 
     shall seek advice and counsel in the review from a 
     psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker with training on 
     mental health issues associated with post-traumatic stress 
     disorder or traumatic brain injury or other trauma as 
     specified in the current edition of the Diagnostic and 
     Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the 
     American Psychiatric Association.
       ``(3) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is 
     reviewing a claim in which sexual trauma, intimate partner 
     violence, or spousal abuse is claimed, the board shall seek 
     advice and counsel in the review from an expert in trauma 
     specific to sexual assault, intimate partner violence, or 
     spousal abuse, as applicable.''.
       (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553(d)(1) of such 
     title is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(1)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph;
       ``(B) In the case of a former member described in paragraph 
     (3)(B) who claims that the former member's post-traumatic 
     stress disorder or traumatic brain injury as described in 
     that paragraph in based in whole or in part on sexual trauma, 
     intimate partner violence, or spousal abuse, a board 
     established under this section to review the former member's 
     discharge or dismissal shall seek advice and counsel in the 
     review from a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker 
     with training on mental health issues associated with post-
     traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or other 
     trauma as specified in the current edition of the Diagnostic 
     and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the 
     American Psychiatric Association.''.

     SEC. 522. REDUCTION IN REQUIRED NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF 
                   DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS.

       Section 1553(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``five'' and inserting ``not fewer than three''.

     SECTION 523. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCESS TO REVIEW A REQUEST FOR 
                   UPGRADE OF DISCHARGE OR DISMISSAL.

       (a) Establishment.--Chapter 79 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1553 the 
     following new section 1553a:

     ``Sec. 1553a. Review of a request for upgrade of discharge or 
       dismissal

       ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a process by which to conduct a final review of a 
     request for an upgrade in the characterization of a discharge 
     or dismissal.
       ``(b) Consideration; Recommendation.--(1) Upon the request 
     of a petitioner, the Secretary of Defense shall review the 
     findings and decisions of the boards established under 
     sections 1552 and 1553 of this title regarding the final 
     review of a request for an upgrade in the characterization of 
     a discharge or dismissal.
       ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may recommend that the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned upgrade the 
     characterization of the discharge or dismissal of the 
     petitioner if the Secretary of Defense determines that such 
     recommendation is appropriate after review under paragraph 
     (1).
       ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `final review of a request for an upgrade in 
     the characterization of a discharge or dismissal' means a 
     request by a petitioner for an upgrade to the 
     characterization of a discharge or dismissal--
       ``(A) that was not granted under sections 1552 and 1553 of 
     this title; and
       ``(B) regarding which the Secretary of Defense determines 
     the petitioner has exhausted all remedies available to the 
     petitioner under sections 1552 and 1553 of this title.
       ``(2) The term `petitioner' means a member or former member 
     of the armed forces (or if the member or former member is 
     dead, the surviving spouse, next of kin, or legal 
     representative of the member or former member) whose request 
     for an upgrade to the characterization of a discharge or 
     dismissal was not granted under sections 1552 and 1553 of 
     this title.''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 1553 the following new item:

``1553a. Review of a request for upgrade of discharge or dismissal.''.
       (2) Conforming amendments.--
       (A) Section 1552(a)(4) of such title is amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), a correction under 
     this section is final and conclusive on all officers of the 
     United States except when procured by fraud.
       ``(B) If a board established under this section does not 
     grant a request for an upgrade to the characterization of a 
     discharge or dismissal, that declination may be considered 
     under section 1553a of this title.''.
       (B) Section 1553(b) of such title is amended--
       (i) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``A board''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) If a board established under this section does not 
     grant a request for an upgrade to the characterization of a 
     discharge or dismissal, that declination may be considered 
     under section 1552 or section 1553a of this title, as 
     applicable.''.
       (c) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement 
     section 1553a of such title, as added by subsection (a), not 
     later than January 1, 2021.
       (d) Resources.--In establishing and implementing the 
     process under such section 1553a, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall, to the maximum extent practicable, use existing 
     organizations, boards, processes, and personnel of the 
     Department of Defense.
       (e) Reporting.--
       (1) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2022, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
     regarding the process established under such section 1553a. 
     The report shall include, with respect to considerations 
     under such process since implementation, the following:
       (A) The number of requests considered.
       (B) The number of upgrades to the characterization of a 
     discharge or dismissal granted pursuant to such process, 
     including the most common reasons for such upgrades.
       (C) The number of upgrades to the characterization of a 
     discharge or dismissal declined pursuant to such process, 
     including the most common reasons for such declinations.
       (2) Online publication.--On October 1, 2022, and annually 
     thereafter, the Secretary shall publish the information 
     described in paragraph (1) with regards to the immediately 
     preceding fiscal year on a website of the Department of 
     Defense that is accessible by the public.

     SEC. 524. PROHIBITION ON REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF PERSONNEL 
                   ASSIGNED TO DUTY WITH A SERVICE REVIEW AGENCY.

       (a) Prohibition.--Section 1559(a) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2025'';
       (2) by striking ``that agency until--'' and inserting 
     ``that agency.''; and
       (3) by striking subsections (1) and (2).
       (b) Report.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each military 
     department shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives that 
     details a plan to--
       (A) reduce the backlog of applications before the service 
     review agency of the military department concerned; and
       (B) maintain the resources required to meet the timeliness 
     standards for disposition of applications before the 
     Corrections Boards under section 1557 of title 10, United 
     States Code, not later than October 1, 2021.
       (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of the current backlog of applications 
     before the service review agency of the military department 
     concerned.
       (B) The number of personnel required to meet the deadline 
     described in paragraph (1)(B).
       (C) The plan of the Secretary concerned to modernize the 
     application and review system of the service review agency of 
     the military department concerned.

     SEC. 525. TRAINING OF MEMBERS OF BOARDS FOR CORRECTION OF 
                   MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS ON 
                   SEXUAL TRAUMA, INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE, 
                   SPOUSAL ABUSE, AND RELATED MATTERS.

       (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--The 
     curriculum of training for members of boards for the 
     correction of military records under section 534(c) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 
     U.S.C. 1552 note) shall include training on each of the 
     following:
       (1) Sexual trauma.
       (2) Intimate partner violence.
       (3) Spousal abuse.
       (4) The various responses of individuals to trauma.
       (b) Discharge Review Boards.--
       (1) In general.--Each Secretary concerned shall develop and 
     provide training for members of discharge review boards under 
     section 1553 of title 10, United States Code, that are under 
     the jurisdiction of such Secretary on each of the following:
       (A) Sexual trauma.
       (B) Intimate partner violence.
       (C) Spousal abuse.
       (D) The various responses of individuals to trauma.
       (2) Uniformity of training.--The Secretary of Defense and 
     the Secretary of Homeland Security shall jointly ensure that 
     the training developed and provided pursuant to this 
     subsection is, to the extent practicable, uniform.
       (3) Secretary concerned defined.--In this subsection, the 
     term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that term 
     in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 526. TIME REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION OF HONORABLE 
                   SERVICE.

       The Secretary of Defense shall publish regulations for 
     submission and processing of a completed United States 
     Citizenship and Immigration Services Form N-426, by a member 
     of the Armed Forces. Such regulations shall designate the 
     appropriate level for the certifying officer as well as 
     establish time requirements for the form to be returned to 
     the member of the Armed Forces.

[[Page H9439]]

     SEC. 527. CORRECTION OF CERTAIN DISCHARGE CHARACTERIZATIONS.

       (a) In General.--In accordance with this section, and in a 
     manner that is consistent across the military departments to 
     the greatest extent practicable, the appropriate board shall, 
     at the request of a covered member or the authorized 
     representative of a covered member--
       (1) review the discharge characterization of that covered 
     member; and
       (2) change the discharge characterization of that covered 
     member to honorable if the appropriate board determines such 
     change to be appropriate after review under paragraph (1).
       (b) Appeal.--A covered member or the authorized 
     representative of that covered member may seek review of a 
     decision by the appropriate board not to change the discharge 
     characterization of that covered member. Such review may be 
     made pursuant to section 1552 of title 10, United States 
     Code, section 1553 of such title, or any other process 
     established by the Secretary of Defense for such purpose.
       (c) Change of Records.--For each covered member whose 
     discharge characterization is changed under subsection (a) or 
     (b), the Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
     issue to the covered member or the authorized representative 
     of the covered member a corrected Certificate of Release or 
     Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214), or other like form 
     regularly used by an Armed Force that--
       (1) reflects the upgraded discharge characterization of the 
     covered member; and
       (2) does not reflect the sexual orientation of the covered 
     member or the original stated reason for the discharge or 
     dismissal of that covered member.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``appropriate board'' means a board for the 
     correction of military or naval records under section 1552 of 
     title 10, United States Code, or a discharge review board 
     under section 1553 of such title, as the case may be.
       (2) The term ``authorized representative'' means an heir or 
     legal representative of a covered member.
       (3) The term ``covered member'' means any former member of 
     the Armed Forces who was discharged from the Armed Forces 
     because of the sexual orientation of that member.
       (4) The term ``discharge characterization'' means the 
     characterization assigned to the service of a covered member 
     on the discharge or dismissal of that covered member from 
     service in the Armed Forces.

     SEC. 528. DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDELINES FOR USE OF UNOFFICIAL 
                   SOURCES OF INFORMATION TO DETERMINE ELIGIBILITY 
                   OF MEMBERS AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES FOR DECORATIONS WHEN THE SERVICE RECORDS 
                   ARE INCOMPLETE BECAUSE OF DAMAGE TO THE 
                   OFFICIAL RECORD.

       (a) Guidelines Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     develop guidelines regarding the use by the Secretaries of 
     the military departments of unofficial sources of 
     information, including eyewitness statements, to determine 
     the eligibility of a member or former member of the Armed 
     Forces for decorations when the service records of the member 
     are incomplete because of damage to the records as a result 
     of the 1973 fire at the National Personnel Records Center in 
     St. Louis, Missouri, or any subsequent incident while the 
     records were in the possession of the Department of Defense.
       (b) Time for Completion.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     complete development of the guidelines not later than one 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 529. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION.

       (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall design 
     and implement a five-year strategic plan for diversity and 
     inclusion in the Department of Defense.
       (b) Elements.--The strategic plan under this section--
       (1) shall incorporate existing efforts to promote diversity 
     and inclusion within the Department; and
       (2) may not conflict with the objectives of the 2018 
     National Military Strategy.
       (c) Deadline.--The Secretary shall implement the strategic 
     plan under this section not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 530. STUDY REGARDING SCREENING INDIVIDUALS WHO SEEK TO 
                   ENLIST IN THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall study the 
     feasibility of, in background investigations and security and 
     suitability screenings of individuals who seek to enlist in 
     the Armed Forces--
       (1) screening for extremist and gang-related activity; and
       (2) using the following resources of the Federal Bureau of 
     Investigation:
       (A) The Tattoo and Graffiti Identification Program.
       (B) The National Gang Intelligence Center.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
     an unclassified report in writing to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
     containing conclusions of the Secretary regarding the study 
     under subsection (a).

     SEC. 530A. FEASIBILITY STUDY REGARDING NOTIFICATION TO 
                   SECRETARY OF HOMELAND SECURITY OF HONORABLE 
                   DISCHARGES OF NON-CITIZENS.

       (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall 
     study the feasibility of providing the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security with a copy of the Certificate of Release or 
     Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214) or National Guard 
     Report of Separation and Record of Service (NGB-22) for each 
     individual who is not a citizen of the United States who is 
     honorably discharged from the Armed Forces so the Secretary 
     of Homeland Security may note such discharge in an I-213 
     Record of Deportable/Inadmissible Alien for that individual.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House 
     of Representatives a report regarding the results of the 
     study under this section.

     SEC. 530B. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ACCESSION PHYSICALS.

       It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense 
     should explore alternatives to centralized accession 
     physicals at Military Entrance Processing Stations, including 
     conducting physicals through community health care providers, 
     in order to reduce transportation costs, increase efficiency 
     in processing times, and free recruiters to focus on the core 
     of the recruiting mission.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

     SEC. 531. EXPANSION OF PRE-REFERRAL MATTERS REVIEWABLE BY 
                   MILITARY JUDGES AND MILITARY MAGISTRATES IN THE 
                   INTEREST OF EFFICIENCY IN MILITARY JUSTICE.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 830a of title 
     10, United States Code (article 30a of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice), is amended by striking paragraphs (1) and 
     (2) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) The President shall prescribe regulations for matters 
     relating to proceedings conducted before referral of charges 
     and specifications to court-martial for trial, including the 
     following:
       ``(A) Pre-referral investigative subpoenas.
       ``(B) Pre-referral warrants or orders for electronic 
     communications.
       ``(C) Pre-referral matters referred by an appellate court.
       ``(D) Pre-referral matters under subsection (c) or (e) of 
     section 806b of this title (article 6b).
       ``(E) Pre-referral matters relating to the following:
       ``(i) Pre-trial confinement of an accused.
       ``(ii) The mental capacity or mental responsibility of an 
     accused.
       ``(iii) A request for an individual military counsel.
       ``(2) In addition to the matters specified in paragraph 
     (1), the regulations prescribed under that paragraph shall--
       ``(A) set forth the matters that a military judge may rule 
     upon in such proceedings;
       ``(B) include procedures for the review of such rulings;
       ``(C) include appropriate limitations to ensure that 
     proceedings under this section extend only to matters that 
     would be subject to consideration by a military judge in a 
     general or special court-martial; and
       ``(D) provide such limitations on the relief that may be 
     ordered under this section as the President considers 
     appropriate.''.
       (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 830a. Art 30a. Proceedings conducted before 
       referral''.

       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter VI of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
     States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 830a 
     (article 30a) and inserting the following new item:

``830a. 30a. Proceedings conducted before referral.''.

     SEC. 532. COMMAND INFLUENCE.

       (a) In General.--Section 837 of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 37 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``Unlawfully influencing action of court'' 
     and inserting ``Command influence'';
       (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
       ``(a)(1) No court-martial convening authority, nor any 
     other commanding officer, may censure, reprimand, or admonish 
     the court or any member, military judge, or counsel thereof, 
     with respect to the findings or sentence adjudged by the 
     court, or with respect to any other exercise of its or his 
     functions in the conduct of the proceeding.
       ``(2) No court-martial convening authority, nor any other 
     commanding officer, may deter or attempt to deter a potential 
     witness from participating in the investigatory process or 
     testifying at a court-martial. The denial of a request to 
     travel at government expense or refusal to make a witness 
     available shall not by itself constitute unlawful command 
     influence.
       ``(3) No person subject to this chapter may attempt to 
     coerce or, by any unauthorized means, attempt to influence 
     the action of a court-martial or any other military tribunal 
     or any member thereof, in reaching the findings or sentence 
     in any case, or the action of any convening, approving, or 
     reviewing authority or preliminary hearing officer with 
     respect to such acts taken pursuant to this chapter as 
     prescribed by the President.
       ``(4) Conduct that does not constitute a violation of 
     paragraphs (1) through (3) may include, for example--
       ``(A) general instructional or informational courses in 
     military justice if such courses are designed solely for the 
     purpose of instructing persons on the substantive and 
     procedural aspects of courts-martial;
       ``(B) statements regarding criminal activity or a 
     particular criminal offense that do not advocate a particular 
     disposition, or a particular court-martial finding or 
     sentence, or do not relate to a particular accused; or
       ``(C) statements and instructions given in open court by 
     the military judge or counsel.
       ``(5)(A) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (3), but 
     subject to subparagraph (B)--

[[Page H9440]]

       ``(i) a superior convening authority or officer may 
     generally discuss matters to consider regarding the 
     disposition of alleged violations of this chapter with a 
     subordinate convening authority or officer; and
       ``(ii) a subordinate convening authority or officer may 
     seek advice from a superior convening authority or officer 
     regarding the disposition of an alleged offense under this 
     chapter.
       ``(B) No superior convening authority or officer may direct 
     a subordinate convening authority or officer to make a 
     particular disposition in a specific case or otherwise 
     substitute the discretion of such authority or such officer 
     for that of the subordinate convening authority or 
     officer.'';
       (3) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by striking ``advanced, in grade'' and inserting 
     ``advanced in grade''; and
       (B) by striking ``accused before a court-martial'' and 
     inserting ``person in a court-martial proceeding''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
       ``(c) No finding or sentence of a court-martial may be held 
     incorrect on the ground of a violation of this section unless 
     the violation materially prejudices the substantial rights of 
     the accused.
       ``(d)(1) A superior convening authority or commanding 
     officer may withhold the authority of a subordinate convening 
     authority or officer to dispose of offenses in individual 
     cases, types of cases, or generally.
       ``(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1) or as otherwise 
     authorized by this chapter, a superior convening authority or 
     commanding officer may not limit the discretion of a 
     subordinate convening authority or officer to act with 
     respect to a case for which the subordinate convening 
     authority or officer has authority to dispose of the 
     offenses.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning subchapter VII of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
     States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 837 (article 
     37) and inserting the following new item:

``837. Art. 37. Command influence.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) 
     and (b) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act and shall apply with respect to violations of 
     section 837 of title 10, United States Code (article 37 of 
     the Uniform Code of Military Justice), committed on or after 
     such date.

     SEC. 533. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR CERTAIN OFFENSES.

       (a) In General.--Section 843 of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``maiming of a child, 
     kidnapping of a child,'' after ``sexual assault of a 
     child,''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)(2)(B)--
       (A) by striking clauses (ii) and (iv); and
       (B) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (ii).
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act 
     and shall apply with respect to the prosecution of offenses 
     committed before, on, or after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act if the applicable limitation period has not yet 
     expired.

     SEC. 534. PUBLIC ACCESS TO DOCKETS, FILINGS, AND COURT 
                   RECORDS OF COURTS-MARTIAL OR OTHER RECORDS OF 
                   TRIAL OF THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

       (a) In General.--Section 940a of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
     ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of Homeland Security,'';
       (2) in subsection (a), as designated by paragraph (1)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
     ``(including with respect to the Coast Guard)'' after 
     ``military justice system''; and
       (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``public'' before 
     ``access to docket information''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
       ``(b) Protection of Certain Personally Identifiable 
     Information.--Records of trial, docket information, filings, 
     and other records made publicly accessible in accordance with 
     the uniform standards and criteria for conduct established by 
     the Secretary under subsection (a) shall restrict access to 
     personally identifiable information of minors and victims of 
     crime (including victims of sexual assault and domestic 
     violence), as practicable to the extent such information is 
     restricted in electronic filing systems of Federal and State 
     courts.
       ``(c) Inapplicability to Certain Dockets and Records.--
     Nothing in this section shall be construed to provide public 
     access to docket information, filings, or records that are 
     classified, subject to a judicial protective order, or 
     ordered sealed.''.
       (b) Existing Standards and Criteria.--The Secretary of 
     Homeland Security shall apply to the Coast Guard the 
     standards and criteria for conduct established by the 
     Secretary of Defense under section 940a of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), as in effect on the day before the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, until such time as the Secretary of 
     Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security, prescribes revised standards and criteria for 
     conduct under such section that implement the amendments made 
     by subsection (a) of this section.

     SEC. 535. EXTENSION OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON 
                   INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF 
                   SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.

       Section 546(f)(1) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by striking ``five'' 
     and inserting ``10''.

     SEC. 536. AUTHORITY FOR RETURN OF PERSONAL PROPERTY TO 
                   VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT WHO FILE A RESTRICTED 
                   REPORT BEFORE CONCLUSION OF RELATED 
                   PROCEEDINGS.

       Section 586 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2012 (10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e);
       (2) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, in the 
     subsection heading, by inserting ``in Unrestricted Reporting 
     Cases'' after ``Proceedings''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(f) Return of Personal Property in Restricted Reporting 
     Cases.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
     procedures under which a victim who files a restricted report 
     on an incident of sexual assault may request, at any time, 
     the return of any personal property of the victim obtained as 
     part of the sexual assault forensic examination.
       ``(2) The procedures shall ensure that--
       ``(A) a request of a victim under paragraph (1) may be made 
     on a confidential basis and without affecting the restricted 
     nature of the restricted report; and
       ``(B) at the time of the filing of the restricted report, a 
     Sexual Assault Response Coordinator or Sexual Assault 
     Prevention and Response Victim Advocate--
       ``(i) informs the victim that the victim may request the 
     return of personal property as described in paragraph (1); 
     and
       ``(ii) advises the victim that such a request for the 
     return of personal property may negatively impact a 
     subsequent case adjudication, if the victim later decides to 
     convert the restricted report to an unrestricted report.
       ``(3) Except with respect to personal property returned to 
     a victim under this subsection, nothing in this subsection 
     shall affect the requirement to retain a sexual assault 
     forensic examination (SAFE) kit for the period specified in 
     subsection (c)(4)(A).''.

     SEC. 537. GUIDELINES ON SENTENCES FOR OFFENSES COMMITTED 
                   UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

       (a) Development of Guidelines.--Not later than the date 
     specified in subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall 
     develop nonbinding guidelines on sentences for offenses under 
     chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code 
     of Military Justice). The guidelines shall provide the 
     sentencing authority with a suggested range of punishments, 
     including suggested ranges of confinement, that will 
     generally be appropriate for a violation of each offense 
     under such chapter.
       (b) Sentencing Data.--In developing the guidelines for 
     sentences under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense 
     shall take into account the sentencing data collected by the 
     Military Justice Review Panel pursuant to section 946(f)(2) 
     of title 10, United States Code (article 146(f)(2) of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than the date 
     specified in subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives--
       (1) the guidelines for sentences developed under subsection 
     (a); and
       (2) an assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     implementing such guidelines in panel sentencing cases.
       (d) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection 
     is the date that is not later than one year after the date on 
     the which the first report of the Military Justice Review 
     Panel is submitted to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives pursuant to section 
     946(f)(5) of title 10, United States Code (article 146(f)(5) 
     of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

     SEC. 538. NOTIFICATION OF SIGNIFICANT EVENTS AND 
                   DOCUMENTATION OF PREFERENCE FOR PROSECUTION 
                   JURISDICTION FOR VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.

       (a) Notification to Victims of Events in Military Justice 
     Process.--
       (1) Notification required.--A member of the Armed Forces 
     who is the victim of an alleged sexual assault by another 
     member of the Armed Forces shall receive notification of each 
     significant event in the military justice process that 
     relates to the investigation, prosecution, and confinement of 
     such other member for such assault.
       (2) Documentation.--Appropriate documentation of each 
     notification made pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be created 
     and maintained in an appropriate system of records of the 
     military department concerned.
       (b) Documentation of Victim's Preference for Prosecution 
     Jurisdiction.--In the case of a member of the Armed Forces 
     who is the victim of an alleged sexual assault committed by 
     another member of the Armed Forces who is subject to 
     prosecution for such offense both by court-martial under 
     chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code 
     of Military Justice), and by a civilian court under Federal 
     or State law, appropriate documentation of the preference, if 
     any, of such victim for prosecution of such offense by court-
     martial or by a civilian court as provided for by Rule for 
     Courts-Martial 306(e) (as set forth in the Manual for Courts-
     Martial, 2019 edition, or any successor rule), shall be 
     created and maintained in an appropriate system of records of 
     the military department concerned.

[[Page H9441]]

       (c) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     prescribe regulations implementing this section.

     SEC. 539. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF DIGITAL FORENSIC EXAMINERS 
                   FOR CERTAIN MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE 
                   ORGANIZATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department 
     shall take appropriate actions to increase the number of 
     digital forensic examiners in each military criminal 
     investigative organization specified in subsection (b) under 
     the jurisdiction of such Secretary by not fewer than 10 from 
     the authorized number of such examiners for such organization 
     as of September 30, 2019.
       (b) Military Criminal Investigative Organizations.--The 
     military criminal investigative organizations specified in 
     this subsection are the following:
       (1) The Army Criminal Investigation Command.
       (2) The Naval Criminal Investigative Service.
       (3) The Air Force Office of Special Investigations.
       (c) Funding.--Funds for additional digital forensic 
     examiners as required by subsection (a) for fiscal year 2020, 
     including for compensation, initial training, and equipment, 
     shall be derived from amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     for that fiscal year for the Armed Force concerned for 
     operation and maintenance.

     SEC. 540. INCREASE IN INVESTIGATIVE PERSONNEL AND VICTIM 
                   WITNESS ASSISTANCE PROGRAM LIAISONS.

       (a) Military Criminal Investigative Services.--Not later 
     than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     the Secretary of each military department shall increase the 
     number of personnel assigned to the military criminal 
     investigative services of the department with the goal of 
     ensuring, to the extent practicable, that the investigation 
     of any sex-related offense is completed not later than six 
     months after the date on which the investigation is 
     initiated. An investigation shall be considered completed for 
     purposes of the preceding sentence when the active phase of 
     the investigation is sufficiently complete to enable the 
     appropriate authority to reach a decision with respect to the 
     disposition of charges for the sex-related offense.
       (b)  Victim Witness Assistance Program Liaisons.--Not later 
     than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     the Secretary of each military department shall increase the 
     number of personnel serving as Victim Witness Assistance 
     Program liaisons to address personnel shortages in the Victim 
     Witness Assistance Program.
       (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to create any right or benefit, substantive or 
     procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party 
     against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
     entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other 
     person.

     SEC. 540A. TRAINING FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT INITIAL DISPOSITION 
                   AUTHORITIES ON EXERCISE OF DISPOSITION 
                   AUTHORITY FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT AND COLLATERAL 
                   OFFENSES.

       (a) In General.--The training for sexual assault initial 
     disposition authorities on the exercise of disposition 
     authority under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
     (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall include 
     comprehensive training on the exercise of disposition 
     authority with respect to cases for which disposition 
     authority is withheld to such authorities pursuant to the 
     memorandum described in subsection (b) for the purpose of 
     promoting confidence and trust in the military justice 
     process with respect to such cases.
       (b) Memorandum Described.--The memorandum described in this 
     subsection is the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense 
     titled ``Withholding Initial Disposition Authority Under the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice in Certain Sexual Assault 
     Cases'' and dated April 20, 2012, or any successor 
     memorandum.

     SEC. 540B. TRAINING FOR COMMANDERS IN THE ARMED FORCES ON 
                   THEIR ROLE IN ALL STAGES OF MILITARY JUSTICE IN 
                   CONNECTION WITH SEXUAL ASSAULT.

       (a) In General.--The training provided commanders in the 
     Armed Forces shall include comprehensive training on the role 
     of commanders in all stages of military justice in connection 
     with sexual assaults by members of the Armed Forces.
       (b) Elements To Be Covered.--The training provided pursuant 
     to subsection (a) shall include training on the following:
       (1) The role of commanders in each stage of the military 
     justice process in connection with sexual assault committed 
     by a member of the Armed Forces, including investigation and 
     prosecution.
       (2) The role of commanders in assuring that victims of 
     sexual assault described in paragraph (1) are informed of, 
     and have the opportunity to obtain, assistance available for 
     victims of sexual assault by law.
       (3) The role of commanders in assuring that victims of 
     sexual assault described in paragraph (1) are afforded the 
     rights and protections available to victims by law.
       (4) The role of commanders in preventing retaliation 
     against victims, their family members, witnesses, first 
     responders, and bystanders for their their complaints, 
     statements, testimony, and status in connection with sexual 
     assault described in paragraph (1), including the role of 
     commanders in ensuring that subordinates in the command are 
     aware of their responsibilities in preventing such 
     retaliation.
       (5) The role of commanders in establishing and maintaining 
     a healthy command climate in connection with reporting on 
     sexual assault described in paragraph (1), and in the 
     response of the commander, subordinates in the command, and 
     other personnel in the command to such sexual assault, such 
     reporting, and the military justice process in connection 
     with such sexual assault.
       (6) Any other matters on the role of commanders in 
     connection with sexual assault described in paragraph (1) 
     that the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate for 
     purposes of this section.
       (c) Incorporation of Best Practices.--
       (1) In general.--The training provided pursuant to 
     subsection (a) shall incorporate best practices on all 
     matters covered by the training.
       (2) Identification of best practices.--The Secretaries of 
     the military departments shall, acting through the training 
     and doctrine commands of the Armed Forces, undertake from 
     time to time surveys and other reviews of the matters covered 
     by the training provided pursuant to subsection (a) in order 
     to identify and incorporate into such training the most 
     current practicable best practices on such matters.
       (d) Uniformity.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
     the training provided pursuant to subsection (a) is, to the 
     extent practicable, uniform across the Armed Forces.

     SEC. 540C. TIMELY DISPOSITION OF NONPROSECUTABLE SEX-RELATED 
                   OFFENSES.

       (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall develop and implement a policy to ensure the timely 
     disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
       (b) Nonprosecutable Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``nonprosecutable sex-related offense'' 
     means an alleged sex-related offense (as that term is defined 
     in section 1044e(g) of title 10, United States Code) that a 
     court-martial convening authority has declined to refer for 
     trial by a general or special court-martial under chapter 47 
     of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), due to a determination that there is insufficient 
     evidence to support prosecution of the sex-related offense.

     SEC. 540D. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-WIDE POLICY AND MILITARY 
                   DEPARTMENT-SPECIFIC PROGRAMS ON REINVIGORATION 
                   OF THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT INVOLVING 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall develop and issue a comprehensive policy for the 
     Department of Defense to reinvigorate the prevention of 
     sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
       (b) Policy Elements.--
       (1) In general.--The policy required by subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (A) Education and training for members of the Armed Forces 
     on the prevention of sexual assault.
       (B) Elements for programs designed to encourage and promote 
     healthy relationships among members of the Armed Forces.
       (C) Elements for programs designed to empower and enhance 
     the role of non-commissioned officers in the prevention of 
     sexual assault.
       (D) Elements for programs to foster social courage among 
     members of the Armed Forces to encourage and promote 
     intervention in situations in order to prevent sexual 
     assault.
       (E) Processes and mechanisms designed to address behaviors 
     among members of the Armed Forces that are included in the 
     continuum of harm that frequently results in sexual assault.
       (F) Elements for programs designed to address alcohol 
     abuse, including binge drinking, among members of the Armed 
     Forces.
       (G) Such other elements, processes, mechanisms, and other 
     matters as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.
       (2) Continuum of harm resulting in sexual assault.--For 
     purposes of paragraph (1)(E), the continuum of harm that 
     frequently results in sexual assault includes hazing, sexual 
     harassment, and related behaviors (including language 
     choices, off-hand statements, jokes, and unconscious 
     attitudes or biases) that create a permissive climate for 
     sexual assault.
       (c) Programs Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     issuance of the policy required by subsection (a), each 
     Secretary of a military department shall develop and 
     implement for each Armed Force under the jurisdiction of such 
     Secretary a program to reinvigorate the prevention of sexual 
     assaults involving members of the Armed Forces. Each program 
     shall include the elements, processes, mechanisms, and other 
     matters developed by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to 
     subsection (a) tailored to the requirements and circumstances 
     of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.

     SEC. 540E. RECOMMENDATIONS ON SEPARATE PUNITIVE ARTICLE IN 
                   THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE ON SEXUAL 
                   HARASSMENT.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report containing such recommendations as 
     the Secretary considers appropriate with respect to the 
     establishment of a separate punitive article in chapter 47 of 
     title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), on sexual harassment.

     SEC. 540F. REPORT ON MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM INVOLVING 
                   ALTERNATIVE AUTHORITY FOR DETERMINING WHETHER 
                   TO PREFER OR REFER CHANGES FOR FELONY OFFENSES 
                   UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

       (a) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 300 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report setting forth the 
     results of a study, conducted for purposes of the

[[Page H9442]]

     report, on the feasibility and advisability of an alternative 
     military justice system in which determinations as to whether 
     to prefer or refer charges for trial by court-martial for any 
     offense specified in paragraph (2) is made by a judge 
     advocate in grade O-6 or higher who has significant 
     experience in criminal litigation and is outside of the chain 
     of command of the member subject to the charges rather than 
     by a commanding officer of the member who is in the chain of 
     command of the member.
       (2) Specified offense.--An offense specified in this 
     paragraph is any offense under chapter 47 of title 10, United 
     States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), for which 
     the maximum punishment authorized includes confinement for 
     more than one year.
       (b) Elements.--The study required for purposes of the 
     report under subsection (a) shall address the following:
       (1) Relevant procedural, legal, and policy implications and 
     considerations of the alternative military justice system 
     described in subsection (a).
       (2) An analysis of the following in connection with the 
     implementation and maintenance of the alternative military 
     justice system:
       (A) Legal personnel requirements.
       (B) Changes in force structure.
       (C) Amendments to law.
       (D) Impacts on the timeliness and efficiency of legal 
     processes and court-martial adjudications.
       (E) Potential legal challenges to the system.
       (F) Potential changes in prosecution and conviction rates.
       (G) Potential impacts on the preservation of good order and 
     discipline, including the ability of a commander to carry out 
     nonjudicial punishment and other administrative actions.
       (H) Such other considerations as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (3) A comparative analysis of the military justice systems 
     of relevant foreign allies with the current military justice 
     system of the United States and the alternative military 
     justice system, including whether or not approaches of the 
     military justice systems of such allies to determinations 
     described in subsection (a) are appropriate for the military 
     justice system of the United States.
       (4) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     conducting a pilot program to assess the feasibility and 
     advisability of the alternative military justice system, and, 
     if the pilot program is determined to be feasible and 
     advisable--
       (A) an analysis of potential legal issues in connection 
     with the pilot program, including potential issues for 
     appeals; and
       (B) recommendations on the following:
       (i) The populations to be subject to the pilot program.
       (ii) The duration of the pilot program.
       (iii) Metrics to measure the effectiveness of the pilot 
     program.
       (iv) The resources to be used to conduct the pilot program.

     SEC. 540G. REPORT ON STANDARDIZATION AMONG THE MILITARY 
                   DEPARTMENTS IN COLLECTION AND PRESENTATION OF 
                   INFORMATION ON MATTERS WITHIN THE MILITARY 
                   JUSTICE SYSTEM.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
     with the Secretaries of the military departments, submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
     of Representatives a report setting forth the following:
       (1) A plan for actions to provide for standardization, to 
     the extent practicable, among the military departments in the 
     collection and presentation of information on matters within 
     their military justice systems, including information 
     collected and maintained for purposes of section 940a of 
     title 10, United States Code (article 140a of the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice), and such other information as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate.
       (2) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing and maintaining a single, Department of Defense-
     wide data management system for the standardized collection 
     and presentation of information described in paragraph (1).

     SEC. 540H. REPORT ON EXPANSION OF AIR FORCE SAFE TO REPORT 
                   POLICY ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Report.--Not late than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments 
     and the Secretary of Homeland Security, submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report setting forth an assessment of the 
     feasibility and advisability of expanding the applicability 
     of the safe to report policy described in subsection (b) so 
     that the policy applies across the Armed Forces.
       (b) Safe to Report Policy.--The safe to report policy 
     described in this subsection is the policy, currently 
     applicable in the Air Force alone, under which a member of 
     the Armed Forces who is the victim of an alleged sexual 
     assault committed by another member of the Armed Forces, but 
     who may have committed minor collateral misconduct at or 
     about the time of such alleged sexual assault, or whose minor 
     collateral misconduct at or about such time is discovered 
     only as a result of the investigation into such alleged 
     sexual assault, may report such alleged sexual assault to 
     proper authorities without fear or receipt of discipline in 
     connection with such minor collateral misconduct.

     SEC. 540I. ASSESSMENT OF RACIAL, ETHNIC, AND GENDER 
                   DISPARITIES IN THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for 
     the carrying out of the activities described in subsections 
     (b) and (c) in order to improve the ability of the Department 
     of Defense to detect and address racial, ethnic, and gender 
     disparities in the military justice system.
       (b) Secretary of Defense and Related Activities.--The 
     activities described in this subsection are the following, to 
     be commenced or carried out (as applicable) by not later than 
     180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act:
       (1) For each court-martial conducted by an Armed Force 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall require the head of the Armed Force concerned--
       (A) to record the race, ethnicity, and gender of the victim 
     and the accused, and such other demographic information about 
     the victim and the accused as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate;
       (B) to include data based on the information described in 
     subparagraph (A) in the annual military justice reports of 
     the Armed Force.
       (2) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, shall issue guidance that--
       (A) establishes criteria to determine when data indicating 
     possible racial, ethnic, or gender disparities in the 
     military justice process should be further reviewed; and
       (B) describes how such a review should be conducted.
       (3) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, shall--
       (A) conduct an evaluation to identify the causes of any 
     racial, ethnic, or gender disparities identified in the 
     military justice system;
       (B) take steps to address the causes of any such 
     disparities, as appropriate.
       (c) DAC-IPAD Activities.--
       (1) In general.--The activities described in this 
     subsection are the following, to be conducted by the 
     independent committee DAC-IPAD:
       (A) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the race 
     and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces accused of a 
     penetrative sexual assault offense or contact sexual assault 
     offense in an unrestricted report made pursuant to Department 
     of Defense Instruction 6495.02, including an unrestricted 
     report involving a spouse or intimate partner, in all cases 
     completed in each fiscal year assessed.
       (B) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the race 
     and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces against whom 
     charges were preferred pursuant to Rule for Courts-Martial 
     307 for a penetrative sexual assault offense or contact 
     sexual assault offense in all cases completed in each fiscal 
     year assessed.
       (C) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the race 
     and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces who were 
     convicted of a penetrative sexual assault offense or contact 
     sexual assault offense in all cases completed in each fiscal 
     year assessed.
       (2) Information from federal agencies.--
       (A) In general.--Upon request by the chair of the 
     committee, a department or agency of the Federal Government 
     shall provide information that the committee considers 
     necessary to conduct reviews and assessments required by 
     paragraph (1), including military criminal investigation 
     files, charge sheets, records of trial, and personnel 
     records.
       (B) Handling, storage, and return.--The committee shall 
     handle and store all records received and reviewed under this 
     subsection in accordance with applicable privacy laws and 
     Department of Defense policy, and shall return all records so 
     received in a timely manner.
       (3) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the committee shall submit to the 
     Secretary of Defense, and to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives, a report 
     setting forth the results of the reviews and assessments 
     required by paragraph (1). The report shall include such 
     recommendations for legislative or administrative action as 
     the committee considers appropriate in light of such results.
       (4) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) The term ``independent committee DAC-IPAD'' means the 
     independent committee established by the Secretary of Defense 
     under section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3374), commonly known as 
     the ``DAC-IPAD''.
       (B) The term ``case'' means an unrestricted report of any 
     penetrative sexual assault offense or contact sexual assault 
     offense made against a member of the Armed Forces pursuant to 
     Department of Defense Instruction 6495.02, including any 
     unrestricted report involving a spouses or intimate partner 
     for which an investigation has been opened by a criminal 
     investigative organization.
       (C) The term ``completed'', with respect to a case, means 
     that the case was tried to verdict, dismissed without further 
     action, or dismissed and then resolved by non-judicial or 
     administrative proceedings.
       (D) The term ``contact sexual assault offense'' means 
     aggravated sexual contact, abusive sexual contact, wrongful 
     sexual contact, and attempts to commit such offenses under 
     the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
       (E) The term ``penetrative sexual assault offense'' means 
     rape, aggravated sexual assault, sexual assault, forcible 
     sodomy, and attempts to commit such offenses under the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice.

     SEC. 540J. PILOT PROGRAMS ON DEFENSE INVESTIGATORS IN THE 
                   MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

       (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department 
     shall carry out a pilot program on defense investigators 
     within the military justice system under the jurisdiction of 
     such Secretary in order to do the following:
       (1) Determine whether the presence of defense investigators 
     within such military justice system will--
       (A) make such military justice system more effective in 
     providing an effective defense for the accused; and

[[Page H9443]]

       (B) make such military justice system more fair and 
     efficient.
       (2) Otherwise assess the feasibility and advisability of 
     defense investigators as an element of such military justice 
     system.
       (b) Elements.--
       (1) Interview of victim.--A defense investigator may 
     question a victim under a pilot program only upon a request 
     made through the Special Victims' Counsel or other counsel if 
     the victim does not have such counsel.
       (2) Uniformity across military justice systems.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the personnel and 
     activities of defense investigators under the pilot programs 
     are, to the extent practicable, uniform across the military 
     justice systems of the military departments.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than three years after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
     in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     pilot programs under subsection (a).
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of each pilot program, including the 
     personnel and activities of defense investigators under such 
     pilot program.
       (B) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing and maintaining defense investigators as an 
     element of the military justice systems of the military 
     departments.
       (C) If the assessment under subparagraph (B) is that the 
     establishment and maintenance of defense investigators as an 
     element of the military justice systems of the military 
     departments is feasible and advisable, such recommendations 
     for legislative and administrative action as the Secretary of 
     Defense considers appropriate to establish and maintain 
     defense investigators as an element of the military justice 
     systems.
       (D) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense considers 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 540K. REPORT ON PRESERVATION OF RECOURSE TO RESTRICTED 
                   REPORT ON SEXUAL ASSAULT FOR VICTIMS OF SEXUAL 
                   ASSAULT FOLLOWING CERTAIN VICTIM OR THIRD-PARTY 
                   COMMUNICATIONS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report making 
     findings and recommendations on the feasibility and 
     advisability of a policy for the Department of Defense that 
     would permit a victim of a sexual assault, that is or may be 
     investigated as a result of a communication described in 
     subsection (b), which victim is a member of the Armed Forces 
     or an adult dependent of a member of the Armed Forces, to 
     have the reporting on the sexual assault be treated as a 
     restricted report without regard to the party initiating or 
     receiving such communication.
       (b) Communications.--A communication described in this 
     subsection is a communication reporting a sexual assault as 
     follows:
       (1) By the victim to a member of the Armed Forces, whether 
     a commissioned officer or a noncommissioned officer, in the 
     chain of command of the victim or the victim's military 
     sponsor.
       (2) By the victim to military law enforcement personnel or 
     personnel of a military criminal investigative organization 
     (MCIO).
       (3) By any individual other than victim.
       (c) Scope of Findings and Recommendations.--The report 
     required by subsection (a) may include recommendations for 
     new provisions of statute or regulations, or modification of 
     current statute or regulations, that may be required to put 
     into effect the findings and recommendations described in 
     subsection (a).
       (d) Consultation.--In preparing the report required by 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with the Defense 
     Advisory Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense 
     of Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces (DAC-IPAD) under 
     section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 
     U.S.C. 1561 note).

     SEC. 540L. REPORT ON ESTABLISHMENT OF GUARDIAN AD LITEM 
                   PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN MILITARY DEPENDENTS WHO ARE 
                   A VICTIM OR WITNESS OF AN OFFENSE UNDER THE 
                   UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE INVOLVING 
                   ABUSE OR EXPLOITATION.

       (a) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report setting forth an 
     assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing a guardian ad litem program for military 
     dependents described in paragraph (2) who are a victim or 
     witness of an offense under chapter 47 of title 10, United 
     States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), that 
     involves an element of abuse or exploitation in order to 
     protect the best interests of such dependents in a court-
     martial of such offense.
       (2) Covered dependents.--The military dependents described 
     in this paragraph are as follows:
       (A) Military dependents under 12 years of age.
       (B) Military dependents who lack mental or other capacity.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing a guardian ad litem program as described in 
     subsection (a).
       (2) If establishment of the guardian ad litem program is 
     considered feasible and advisable, the following:
       (A) A description of administrative requirements in 
     connection with the program, including the following:
       (i) Any memoranda of understanding between the Department 
     of Defense and State and local authorities required for 
     purposes of the program.
       (ii) The personnel, funding, and other resources required 
     for purposes of the program.
       (B) Best practices for the program (as determined in 
     consultation with appropriate civilian experts on child 
     advocacy).
       (C) Such recommendations for legislative and administration 
     action to implement the program as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 540M. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                   IMPLEMENTATION BY THE ARMED FORCES OF RECENT 
                   STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS ON SEXUAL ASSAULT 
                   PREVENTION AND RESPONSE IN THE MILITARY.

       (a) Report Required.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report, in 
     writing, on a study, conducted by the Comptroller General for 
     purposes of the report, on the implementation by the Armed 
     Forces of statutory requirements on sexual assault prevention 
     and response in the military in the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136) 
     and each succeeding national defense authorization Act 
     through the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232).
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A list and citation of each statutory requirement 
     (whether codified or uncodified) on sexual assault prevention 
     and response in the military in each national defense 
     authorization Act specified in paragraph (1), including--
       (A) whether such statutory requirement is still in force; 
     and
       (B) if such statutory requirement is no longer in force, 
     the date of the repeal or expiration of such requirement.
       (2) For each statutory requirement listed pursuant to 
     paragraph (1), the following:
       (A) An assessment of the extent to which such requirement 
     was implemented, or is currently being implemented, as 
     applicable, by each Armed Force to which such requirement 
     applied or applies.
       (B) A description and assessment of the actions taken by 
     each of the Department of Defense, the military department 
     concerned, and the Armed Force concerned to assess and 
     determine the effectiveness of actions taken pursuant to such 
     requirement in meeting its intended objective.
       (3) Any other matters in connection with the statutory 
     requirements specified in subsection (a), and the 
     implementation of such requirements by the Armed Forces, that 
     the Comptroller General considers appropriate.
       (c) Briefings.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Comptroller 
     General shall provide to the committees referred to in 
     subsection (a) one or more briefings on the status of the 
     study required by subsection (a), including any preliminary 
     findings and recommendations of the Comptroller General as a 
     result of the study as of the date of such briefing.

     SEC. 540N. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE PORT CHICAGO 50.

       It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the American people should recognize the role of racial 
     bias during the era in which the prosecution and convictions 
     of the Port Chicago 50 took place for mutiny following the 
     deadliest home-front disaster in World War II, in which 320 
     were killed on July 17, 1944, during a munitions explosion; 
     and
       (2) in light of the well-documented challenges associated 
     with uniformed service by African Americans during this era, 
     the Secretary of the Navy should, as appropriate, recommend 
     executive action in favor of the 49 remaining Sailors with 
     general court-martial convictions and the 207 remaining 
     Sailors with summary court-martial convictions.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

     SEC. 541. IMPROVEMENT OF CERTAIN SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL 
                   AUTHORITIES.

       (a) Enhancement of Legal Consultation and Assistance in 
     Connection With Potential Victim Benefits.--Paragraph (8)(D) 
     of subsection (b) of section 1044e of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``and other'' and inserting ``, 
     section 1408(h) of this title, and other''.
       (b) Expansion of Legal Assistance Authorized to Include 
     Consultation and Assistance for Retaliation.--Subsection (b) 
     of such section is amended further--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph (11); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following new 
     paragraph (10):
       ``(10) Legal consultation and assistance in connection with 
     an incident of retaliation, whether such incident occurs 
     before, during, or after the conclusion of any criminal 
     proceedings, including--
       ``(A) in understanding the rights and protections afforded 
     to victims of retaliation;
       ``(B) in the filing of complaints; and
       ``(C) in any resulting military justice proceedings.''.
       (c) Staffing Caseload Levels.--Such section is further 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
     (h) and (i), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
     subsection (g):
       ``(g) Staffing Caseload Levels.--Commencing not later than 
     four years after the date of the enactment of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, each 
     Secretary concerned shall ensure that the number of Special 
     Victims' Counsel serving in each military department (and 
     with respect to the Coast Guard) is sufficient to ensure that 
     the average

[[Page H9444]]

     caseload of a Special Victims' Counsel does not exceed, to 
     the extent practicable, 25 cases any given time.''.

     SEC. 542. AVAILABILITY OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL AT 
                   MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Deadline for Availability.--Section 1044e(f) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), if a Special Victims' 
     Counsel is not available at a military installation for 
     access by a member of the armed forces who requests access to 
     a Special Victims' Counsel, a Special Victims' Counsel shall 
     be made available at such installation for access by such 
     member by not later than 72 hours after such request.
       ``(B) If the Secretary concerned determines that, due to 
     exigent circumstances related to military activities, a 
     Special Victims' Counsel cannot be made available to a member 
     of the armed forces within the time period required by 
     subparagraph (A), the Secretary concerned shall ensure that a 
     Special Victims' Counsel is made available to such member as 
     soon as is practical under such circumstances.''.
       (b) Report on Civilian Support of SVCs.--Not later than 180 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
     Secretary of a military department shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report setting forth the assessment of such 
     Secretary of the feasibility and advisability of establishing 
     and maintaining for each Special Victims' Counsel under the 
     jurisdiction of such Secretary one or more civilian positions 
     for the purpose of--
       (1) providing support to such Special Victims' Counsel; and
       (2) ensuring continuity and the preservation of 
     institutional knowledge in transitions between the service of 
     individuals as such Special Victims' Counsel.

     SEC. 543. NOTIFICATION OF ISSUANCE OF MILITARY PROTECTIVE 
                   ORDER TO CIVILIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT.

       (a) Notification of Issuance.--Section 1567a of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``and any individual 
     involved in the order does not reside on a military 
     installation at any time during the duration of the military 
     protective order, the commander of the military installation 
     shall notify'' and inserting ``, the commander of the unit to 
     which the member is assigned shall, not later than seven days 
     after the date of the issuance of the order, notify'';
       (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
       (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsection (b);
       ``(b) Notification in Event of Transfer.--In the event that 
     a member of the armed forces against whom a military 
     protective order is issued is transferred to another unit--
       ``(1) not later than the date of the transfer, the 
     commander of the unit from which the member is transferred 
     shall notify the commander of the unit to which the member is 
     transferred of--
       ``(A) the issuance of the protective order; and
       ``(B) the individuals involved in the order; and
       ``(2) not later than seven days after receiving the notice 
     under paragraph (1), the commander of the unit to which the 
     member is transferred shall provide notice of the order to 
     the appropriate civilian authorities in accordance with 
     subsection (a).''; and
       (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``commander of the military installation'' and inserting 
     ``commander of the unit to which the member is assigned''.
       (b) Annual Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2021, 
     and each year thereafter through 2025, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report that identifies--
       (1) the number of military protective orders issued in the 
     calendar year preceding the year in which the report is 
     submitted; and
       (2) the number of such orders that were reported to 
     appropriate civilian authorities in accordance with section 
     1567a(a) of title 10, United States Code, in such preceding 
     year.

     SEC. 544. COPYRIGHT PROTECTION FOR CIVILIAN FACULTY OF 
                   CERTAIN ACCREDITED INSTITUTIONS.

       Section 105 of title 17, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(a) In general.--'' before 
     ``Copyright''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(b) Copyright Protection of Certain of Works.--Subject to 
     subsection (c), the covered author of a covered work owns the 
     copyright to that covered work.
       ``(c) Use by Federal Government.--The Secretary of Defense 
     may direct the covered author of a covered work to provide 
     the Federal Government with an irrevocable, royalty-free, 
     world-wide, nonexclusive license to reproduce, distribute, 
     perform, or display such covered work for purposes of the 
     United States Government.
       ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `covered author' means a civilian member of 
     the faculty of a covered institution.
       ``(2) The term `covered institution' means the following:
       ``(A) National Defense University.
       ``(B) United States Military Academy.
       ``(C) Army War College.
       ``(D) United States Army Command and General Staff College.
       ``(E) United States Naval Academy.
       ``(F) Naval War College.
       ``(G) Naval Post Graduate School.
       ``(H) Marine Corps University.
       ``(I) United States Air Force Academy.
       ``(J) Air University.
       ``(K) Defense Language Institute.
       ``(L) United States Coast Guard Academy.
       ``(3) The term `covered work' means a literary work 
     produced by a covered author in the course of employment at a 
     covered institution for publication by a scholarly press or 
     journal.''.

     SEC. 545. TERMINATION OF LEASES OF PREMISES AND MOTOR 
                   VEHICLES OF SERVICEMEMBERS WHO INCUR 
                   CATASTROPHIC INJURY OR ILLNESS OR DIE WHILE IN 
                   MILITARY SERVICE.

       (a) Catastrophic Injuries and Illnesses.--Subsection (a) of 
     section 305 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
     3955), as amended by section 301 of the Veterans Benefits and 
     Transition Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-407), is further 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) Catastrophic injury or illness of lessee.--The spouse 
     of the lessee on a lease described in subsection (b) may 
     terminate the lease during the one-year period beginning on 
     the date on which the lessee incurs a catastrophic injury or 
     illness (as that term is defined in section 439(g) of title 
     37, United States Code), if the lessee incurs the 
     catastrophic injury or illness during a period of military 
     service or while performing full-time National Guard duty, 
     active Guard and Reserve duty, or inactive-duty training (as 
     such terms are defined in section 101(d) of title 10, United 
     States Code).''.
       (b) Deaths.--Paragraph (3) of such subsection is amended by 
     striking ``in subsection (b)(1)'' and inserting ``in 
     subsection (b)''.

     SEC. 546. MILITARY ORDERS REQUIRED FOR TERMINATION OF LEASES 
                   PURSUANT TO THE SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF 
                   ACT.

       Section 305(i) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 
     U.S.C. 3955) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(including orders for 
     separation or retirement)'' after ``official military 
     orders''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Permanent change of station.--The term `permanent 
     change of station' includes separation or retirement from 
     military service.''.

     SEC. 547. PRESERVATION OF RIGHT TO BRING CLASS ACTION UNDER 
                   SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

       (a) In General.--Section 802(a) of the Servicemembers Civil 
     Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 4042(a)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) be a representative party on behalf of members of a 
     class or be a member of a class, in accordance with the 
     Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, notwithstanding any 
     previous agreement to the contrary.''.
       (b) Construction.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall not be construed to imply that a person aggrieved by a 
     violation of such Act did not have a right to bring a civil 
     action as a representative party on behalf of members of a 
     class or be a member of a class in a civil action before the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 548. LEGAL COUNSEL FOR VICTIMS OF ALLEGED DOMESTIC 
                   VIOLENCE OFFENSES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than December 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall carry out a program to provide 
     legal counsel (referred to in this section as ``Counsel'') to 
     victims of alleged domestic violence offenses who are 
     otherwise eligible for military legal assistance under 
     section 1044 of title 10, United States Code.
       (b) Form of Implementation.--The program required under 
     subsection (a) may be carried out as part of another program 
     of the Department of Defense or through the establishment of 
     a separate program.
       (c) Training and Terms.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     ensure that Counsel--
       (1) receive specialized training in legal issues commonly 
     associated with alleged domestic violence offenses; and
       (2) to the extent practicable, serve as Counsel for a 
     period of not less than 2 years.
       (d) Attorney-client Relationship.--The relationship between 
     a Counsel and a victim in the provision of legal advice and 
     assistance shall be the relationship between an attorney and 
     client.
       (e) Paralegal Support.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     ensure that sufficient trained paralegal support is provided 
     to Counsel under the program.
       (f) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report on the implementation 
     of the program under subsection (a).
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following:
       (A) A description and assessment of the manner in which the 
     Department of Defense will implement the program required 
     under subsection (a).
       (B) An explanation of whether the program will be carried 
     out as part of another program of the Department or through 
     the establishment of a separate program.
       (C) A comprehensive description of the additional 
     personnel, resources, and training that will be required to 
     implement the program, including identification of the 
     specific number of additional billets that will be needed to 
     staff the program.
       (D) Recommendations for any modifications to law that may 
     be necessary to effectively and efficiently implement the 
     program.

[[Page H9445]]

       (g) Alleged Domestic Violence Offense Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``alleged domestic violence offense'' means 
     any allegation of--
       (1) a violation of section 928(b), 928b(1), 928b(5), or 930 
     of title 10, United States Code (article 128(b), 128b(1), 
     128b(5), or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
     when committed against a spouse, intimate partner, or 
     immediate family member;
       (2) a violation of any other provision of subchapter X of 
     chapter 47 of such title (the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), when committed against a spouse, intimate partner, 
     or immediate family member; or
       (3) an attempt to commit an offense specified in paragraph 
     (1) or (2) as punishable under section 880 of such title 
     (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

     SEC. 549. NOTICE TO VICTIMS OF ALLEGED SEXUAL ASSAULT OF 
                   PENDENCY OF FURTHER ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION 
                   FOLLOWING A DETERMINATION NOT TO REFER TO TRIAL 
                   BY COURT-MARTIAL.

       Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, 
     upon a determination not to refer a case of alleged sexual 
     assault for trial by court-martial under chapter 47 of title 
     10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), the commander making such determination shall 
     periodically notify the victim of the status of a final 
     determination on further action on such case, whether non-
     judicial punishment under section 815 of such title (article 
     15 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), other 
     administrative action, or no further action. Such 
     notifications shall continue not less frequently than monthly 
     until such final determination.

     SEC. 550. TREATMENT OF INFORMATION IN CATCH A SERIAL OFFENDER 
                   PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES.

       (a) Treatment Under FOIA.--Victim disclosures under the 
     Catch a Serial Offender Program shall be withheld from public 
     disclosure under paragraph (b)(3) of section 552 of title 5, 
     United States Code (commonly referred to as the ``Freedom of 
     Information Act'').
       (b) Preservation of Restricted Report.--The transmittal or 
     receipt in connection with the Catch a Serial Offender 
     Program of a report on a sexual assault that is treated as a 
     restricted report shall not operate to terminate its 
     treatment or status as a restricted report.

     SEC. 550A. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ON REGISTRATION AT 
                   MILITARY INSTALLATIONS OF CIVILIAN PROTECTIVE 
                   ORDERS APPLICABLE TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES ASSIGNED TO SUCH INSTALLATIONS AND 
                   CERTAIN OTHER INDIVIDUALS.

       (a) Policies and Procedures Required.--Not later than one 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries of the military departments, establish policies 
     and procedures for the registration at military installations 
     of any civilian protective orders described in subsection 
     (b), including the duties and responsibilities of commanders 
     of installations in the registration process.
       (b) Civilian Protective Orders.--A civilian protective 
     order described in this subsection is any civilian protective 
     order as follows:
       (1) A civilian protective order against a member of the 
     Armed Forces assigned to the installation concerned.
       (2) A civilian protective order against a civilian employee 
     employed at the installation concerned.
       (3) A civilian protective order against the civilian spouse 
     or intimate partner of a member of the Armed Forces on active 
     duty and assigned to the installation concerned, or of a 
     civilian employee described in paragraph (2), which order 
     provides for the protection of such member or employee.
       (c) Particular Elements.--The policies and procedures 
     required by subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) A requirement for notice between and among the 
     commander, military law enforcement elements, and military 
     criminal investigative elements of an installation when a 
     member of the Armed Forces assigned to such installation, a 
     civilian employee employed at such installation, a civilian 
     spouse or intimate partner of a member assigned to such 
     installation, or a civilian spouse or intimate partner of a 
     civilian employee employed at such installation becomes 
     subject to a civilian protective order.
       (2) A statement of policy that failure to register a 
     civilian protective order may not be a justification for the 
     lack of enforcement of such order by military law enforcement 
     and other applicable personnel who have knowledge of such 
     order.
       (d) Letter.--As soon as practicable after establishing the 
     policies and procedures required by subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a letter that 
     includes the following:
       (1) A detailed description of the policies and procedures.
       (2) A certification by the Secretary that the policies and 
     procedures have been implemented on each military 
     installation.

     SEC. 550B. DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF 
                   SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.

       (a) Establishment Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
     and maintain within the Department of Defense an advisory 
     committee to be known as the ``Defense Advisory Committee for 
     the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct'' (in this section 
     referred to as the ``Advisory Committee'').
       (2) Deadline for establishment.--The Secretary shall 
     establish the Advisory Committee not later than one year 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Membership.--
       (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall consist of 
     not more than 20 members, appointed by the Secretary from 
     among individuals who have an expertise appropriate for the 
     work of the Advisory Committee, including at least one 
     individual with each expertise as follows:
       (A) Expertise in the prevention of sexual assault and 
     behaviors on the sexual assault continuum of harm.
       (B) Expertise in adverse behaviors, including the 
     prevention of suicide and the prevention of substance abuse.
       (C) Expertise in the change of culture of large 
     organizations.
       (D) Expertise in implementation science.
       (2) Background of individuals.--Individuals appointed to 
     the Advisory Committee may include individuals with expertise 
     in sexual assault prevention efforts of institutions of 
     higher education, public health officials, and such other 
     individuals as the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (3) Prohibition on membership of members of armed forces on 
     active duty.--A member of the Armed Forces serving on active 
     duty may not serve as a member of the Advisory Committee.
       (c) Duties.--
       (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall advise the 
     Secretary on the following:
       (A) The prevention of sexual assault (including rape, 
     forcible sodomy, other sexual assault, and other sexual 
     misconduct (including behaviors on the sexual assault 
     continuum of harm)) involving members of the Armed Forces.
       (B) The policies, programs, and practices of each military 
     department, each Armed Force, and each military service 
     academy for the prevention of sexual assault as described in 
     subparagraph (A).
       (2) Basis for provision of advice.--For purposes of 
     providing advice to the Secretary pursuant to this 
     subsection, the Advisory Committee shall review, on an 
     ongoing basis, the following:
       (A) Closed cases involving allegations of sexual assault 
     described in paragraph (1).
       (B) Efforts of institutions of higher education to prevent 
     sexual assault among students.
       (C) Any other information or matters that the Advisory 
     Committee or the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (3) Coordination of efforts.--In addition to the reviews 
     required by paragraph (2), for purposes of providing advice 
     to the Secretary the Advisory Committee shall also consult 
     and coordinate with the Defense Advisory Committee on 
     Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in 
     the Armed Forces (DAC-IPAD) on matters of joint interest to 
     the two Advisory Committees.
       (d) Annual Report.--Not later than March 30 each year, the 
     Advisory Committee shall submit to the Secretary and the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the activities of the Advisory 
     Committee pursuant to this section during the preceding year.
       (e) Sexual Assault Continuum of Harm.--In this section, the 
     term ``sexual assault continuum of harm'' includes--
       (1) inappropriate actions (such as sexist jokes), sexual 
     harassment, gender discrimination, hazing, cyber bullying, or 
     other behavior that contributes to a culture that is tolerant 
     of, or increases risk for, sexual assault; and
       (2) maltreatment or ostracism of a victim for a report of 
     sexual misconduct.
       (f) Termination.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
     Advisory Committee shall terminate on the date that is five 
     years after the date of the establishment of the Advisory 
     Committee pursuant to subsection (a).
       (2) Continuation.--The Secretary of Defense may continue 
     the Advisory Committee after the termination date applicable 
     under paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that 
     continuation of the Advisory Committee after that date is 
     advisable and appropriate. If the Secretary determines to 
     continue the Advisory Committee after that date, the 
     Secretary shall notify the Committees on the Armed Services 
     of the Senate and House of Representatives.

     SEC. 550C. TRAINING FOR SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL ON CIVILIAN 
                   CRIMINAL JUSTICE MATTERS IN THE STATES OF THE 
                   MILITARY INSTALLATIONS TO WHICH ASSIGNED.

       (a) Training.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (c), upon 
     the assignment of a Special Victims' Counsel (including a 
     Victim Legal Counsel of the Navy) to a military installation 
     in the United States, such Counsel shall be provided 
     appropriate training on the law and policies of the State or 
     States in which such military installation is located with 
     respect to the criminal justice matters specified in 
     paragraph (2). The purpose of the training is to assist such 
     Counsel in providing victims of alleged sex-related offenses 
     with information necessary to make an informed decision 
     regarding preference as to the jurisdiction (whether court-
     martial or State court) in which such offenses will be 
     prosecuted.
       (2) Criminal justice matters.--The criminal justice matters 
     specified in this paragraph, with respect to a State, are the 
     following:
       (A) Victim rights.
       (B) Prosecution of criminal offenses.
       (C) Sentencing for conviction of criminal offenses.
       (D) Protective orders.
       (b) Alleged Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``alleged sex-related offense'' means any allegation 
     of--
       (1) a violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of title 
     10, United States Code (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of 
     the Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
       (2) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
     paragraph (1) as punishable under section

[[Page H9446]]

     880 of title 10, United States Code (article 80 of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       (c) Exception.--The requirements of this section do not 
     apply to a Special Victims' Counsel of the Coast Guard.

     SEC. 550D. ENHANCING THE CAPABILITY OF MILITARY CRIMINAL 
                   INVESTIGATIVE ORGANIZATIONS TO PREVENT AND 
                   COMBAT CHILD SEXUAL EXPLOITATION.

       (a) In General.--Beginning not later than 180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall establish and carry out an initiative to 
     enhance the capability of military criminal investigative 
     organizations to prevent and combat child sexual 
     exploitation.
       (b) Activities.--In establishing and carrying out the 
     initiative under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense 
     may--
       (1) work with internal and external functional experts to 
     train the personnel of military criminal investigative 
     organizations across the Department regarding--
       (A) technologies, tools, and techniques, including digital 
     forensics, to enhance the investigation of child sexual 
     exploitation; and
       (B) evidence-based forensic interviewing of child victims, 
     and the referral of child victims for trauma-informed mental 
     and medical health care, and other treatment and support 
     services;
       (2) to the extent authorized by law, collaborate with 
     Federal, State, local, and other civilian law enforcement 
     agencies on issues relating to child sexual exploitation, 
     including by--
       (A) participating in task forces established by such 
     agencies for the purpose of preventing and combating child 
     sexual exploitation;
       (B) establishing cooperative agreements to facilitate co-
     training and collaboration with such agencies; and
       (C) ensuring that streamlined processes for the referral of 
     child sexual exploitation cases to other agencies and 
     jurisdictions, as appropriate, are fully operational;
       (3) as appropriate, assist in educating the military 
     community on the prevention and response to child sexual 
     exploitation; and
       (4) carry out such other activities as the Secretary 
     determines to be relevant.

     SEC. 550E. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON ESTABLISHMENT OF DATABASE OF 
                   MILITARY PROTECTIVE ORDERS.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
     on the feasibility of establishing a database of military 
     protective orders issued by military commanders against 
     individuals suspected of having committed an offense of 
     domestic violence under section 928b of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 128b of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice). The study shall include an examination of each of 
     the following:
       (1) The feasibility of creating a database to record, 
     track, and report such military protective orders to the 
     National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
       (2) The feasibility of establishing a process by which a 
     military judge or magistrate may issue a protective order 
     against an individual suspected of having committed such an 
     offense.
       (3) How the database and process described in paragraphs 
     (1) and (2), respectively, may differ from analogous civilian 
     databases and processes, including with regard to due process 
     and other procedural protections.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
     results of the study conducted under subsection (a).

     SEC. 550F. GAO REVIEW OF USERRA AND SCRA.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than January 31, 2021, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a 
     review and submit a report to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives regarding 
     what the Comptroller General determines are the effects of 
     the common commercial and governmental practices of including 
     a mandatory arbitration clause in employment and consumer 
     agreements, on the ability of servicemembers to assert claims 
     under and secure redress for violations of--
       (1) chapter 43 of title 38, United States Code (commonly 
     referred to as the ``Uniformed Services Employment and 
     Reemployments Rights Act of 1994'' and referred to in this 
     section as ``USERRA''); and
       (2) the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3901 et 
     seq. (referred to in this section as ``SCRA'')).
       (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include 
     the following:
       (1) Each process by which a servicemember may assert a 
     claim under USERRA or SCRA, including--
       (A) administrative assistance;
       (B) support, and dispute resolution processes provided by 
     Federal and State agencies;
       (C) arbitration; and
       (D) litigation.
       (2) With regards to each process identified under paragraph 
     (1), an evaluation of--
       (A) the flexibility the process affords to the 
     servicemember and other parties to the process;
       (B) the burden on the servicemember and other parties to 
     the process;
       (C) the financial cost of the process to the servicemember 
     and the other parties;
       (D) the speed of each process, including the rate at which 
     each claim pursued under such process is resolved;
       (E) the confidentiality of each process; and
       (F) the effects of the process.
       (3) Based on data regarding the results of past actions to 
     enforce servicemember rights and benefits under USERRA and 
     SCRA, including data of the Departments of Defense and Labor 
     regarding dispute resolution under USERRA and data of the 
     Department of Justice regarding litigation under SCRA--
       (A) an analysis of the extent to which each of the 
     processes identified in paragraph (1) has been employed to 
     address claims under USERRA or SCRA and
       (B) the extent to which each such process achieved a final 
     disposition favorable to the servicemember.
       (4) An assessment of general societal trends in the use of 
     mandatory arbitration clauses in employment and consumer 
     agreements, including any trend in a specific industry or 
     employment sector that relies on mandatory arbitration in 
     such contracts and agreements.
       (5) An assessment and explanation of any effect--
       (A) of the use of mandatory arbitration clauses in 
     employment or consumer agreements on military readiness and 
     deployability.
       (B) of USERRA or SCRA on the willingness of employers to 
     employ, and consumer service businesses to provide services 
     to servicemembers and their families.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

     SEC. 551. AUTHORITY FOR DETAIL OF CERTAIN ENLISTED MEMBERS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES AS STUDENTS AT LAW SCHOOLS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2004 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by inserting ``and enlisted members'' after 
     ``commissioned officers'';
       (B) by striking ``bachelor of laws or''; and
       (C) by inserting ``and enlisted members'' after ``twenty-
     five officers'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
     ``or enlisted member'' after ``officer'';
       (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
     new paragraph (1):
       ``(1) either--
       ``(A) have served on active duty for a period of not less 
     than two years nor more than six years and be an officer in 
     the pay grade O-3 or below as of the time the training is to 
     begin; or
       ``(B) have served on active duty for a period of not less 
     than four years nor more than eight years and be an enlisted 
     member in the pay grade E-5, E-6, or E-7 as of the time the 
     training is to begin;'';
       (C) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
       (D) by inserting after paragraph (1), as amended by 
     subparagraph (B), the following new paragraph (2):
       ``(2) in the case of an enlisted member, meet all 
     requirements for acceptance of a commission as a commissioned 
     officer in the armed forces; and''; and
       (E) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (3), as redesignated 
     by subparagraph (C) of this paragraph, by striking ``or law 
     specialist'';
       (3) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``and enlisted 
     members'' after ``Officers''; and
       (B) in the second sentence, by inserting ``or enlisted 
     member'' after ``officer'' each place it appears;
       (4) in subsection (d), by inserting ``and enlistment 
     members'' after ``officers'';
       (5) in subsection (e), by inserting ``or enlistment 
     member'' after ``officer''; and
       (6) in subsection (f), by inserting ``or enlisted member'' 
     after ``officer''.
       (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 2004. Detail as students at law schools; commissioned 
       officers; certain enlisted members''.

       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 101 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 2004 and inserting the following 
     new item:

``2004. Detail as students at law schools; commissioned officers; 
              certain enlisted members.''.

     SEC. 552. INCLUSION OF COAST GUARD IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   STARBASE PROGRAM.

       Section 2193b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and the Secretary of 
     the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating'' after 
     ``military departments''; and
       (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``and the Secretaries of 
     the military departments'' and inserting ``, the Secretaries 
     of the military departments, and the Secretary of the 
     Department in which the Coast Guard is operating''.

     SEC. 553. DEGREE GRANTING AUTHORITY FOR UNITED STATES ARMY 
                   ARMAMENT GRADUATE SCHOOL; LIMITATION ON 
                   ESTABLISHMENT OF CERTAIN EDUCATIONAL 
                   INSTITUTIONS.

       (a) Degree Granting Authority for United States Army 
     Armament Graduate School.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 751 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 7422. Degree granting authority for United States Army 
       Armament Graduate School

       ``(a) Authority.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary of the Army, the Chancellor of the United States 
     Army Armament Graduate School may, upon the recommendation of 
     the faculty and provost of the school, confer appropriate 
     degrees upon graduates who meet the degree requirements.
       ``(b) Limitation.--A degree may not be conferred under this 
     section unless--
       ``(1) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval 
     of the degree in accordance with the Federal Policy Governing 
     Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies; and
       ``(2) the United States Army Armament Graduate School is 
     accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting 
     agency or organization to award the degree, as determined by 
     the Secretary of Education.

[[Page H9447]]

       ``(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.--(1) When 
     seeking to establish degree granting authority under this 
     section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives--
       ``(A) a copy of the self-assessment questionnaire required 
     by the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees 
     by Federal Agencies, at the time the assessment is submitted 
     to the Department of Education's National Advisory Committee 
     on Institutional Quality and Integrity; and
       ``(B) the subsequent recommendations and rationale of the 
     Secretary of Education regarding the establishment of the 
     degree granting authority.
       ``(2) Upon any modification or redesignation of existing 
     degree granting authority, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     House of Representatives a report containing the rationale 
     for the proposed modification or redesignation and any 
     subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of Education on 
     the proposed modification or redesignation.
       ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives a report containing an explanation of any 
     action by the appropriate academic accrediting agency or 
     organization not to accredit the United States Army Armament 
     Graduate School to award any new or existing degree.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``7422. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
              Graduate School.''.
       (b) Limitation.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 101 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2017. Limitation on establishment of postsecondary 
       educational institutions pending notice to Congress

       ``(a) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not 
     establish a postsecondary educational institution within the 
     Department of Defense until a period of one year has elapsed 
     following the date on which the Secretary notifies the 
     congressional defense committees of the intent of the 
     Secretary to establish the institution.
       ``(b) Postsecondary Educational Institution Defined.--In 
     this section, the term `postsecondary educational 
     institution' means a school or other educational institution 
     that is intended to provide students with a course of 
     instruction that is comparable, in length and academic rigor, 
     to a course of instruction for which an associate's, 
     bachelor's, or graduate degree may be awarded.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``2017. Limitation on establishment of postsecondary educational 
              institutions pending notice to Congress.''.
       (3) Applicability.--Section 2017 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall apply with respect to 
     postsecondary educational institutions intended to be 
     established by the Secretary of Defense on or after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 554. PROHIBITION ON OFF-DUTY EMPLOYMENT FOR CADETS AND 
                   MIDSHIPMEN COMPLETING OBLIGATED SERVICE AFTER 
                   GRADUATION.

       (a) Military Academy.--Section 7448(a)(5)(A) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by inserting ``or seek or 
     accept approval for off-duty employment while completing the 
     cadet's commissioned service obligation'' before ``to obtain 
     employment''.
       (b) Naval Academy.--Section 8459(a)(5)(A) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by inserting ``or seek or 
     accept approval for off-duty employment while completing the 
     midshipman's commissioned service obligation'' before ``to 
     obtain employment''.
       (c) Air Force Academy.--Section 9448(a)(5)(A) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by inserting ``or seek or 
     accept approval for off-duty employment while completing the 
     cadet's commissioned service obligation'' before ``to obtain 
     employment''.

     SEC. 555. CONSIDERATION OF REQUEST FOR TRANSFER OF A CADET OR 
                   MIDSHIPMAN AT A MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY WHO IS 
                   THE VICTIM OF A SEXUAL ASSAULT OR RELATED 
                   OFFENSE.

       (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 7461 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(e) Consideration of Request for Transfer of a Cadet Who 
     Is the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) 
     The Secretary of the Army shall provide for timely 
     consideration of and action on a request submitted by a cadet 
     appointed to the United States Military Academy who is the 
     victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense covered 
     by section 920, 920c, or 930 of this title (article 120, 
     120c, or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) for 
     transfer to another military service academy or to enroll in 
     a Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program affiliated 
     with another institution of higher education.
       ``(2) The Secretary of the Army shall prescribe regulations 
     to carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by 
     the Secretary of Defense that--
       ``(A) provide that the Superintendent of the United States 
     Military Academy shall ensure that any cadet who has been 
     appointed to the United States Military Academy and who is a 
     victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense referred 
     to in paragraph (1), is informed of the right to request a 
     transfer pursuant to this section, and that any formal 
     request submitted by a cadet is processed as expeditiously as 
     practicable through the chain of command for review and 
     action by the Superintendent;
       ``(B) direct the Superintendent of the United States 
     Military Academy, in coordination with the Superintendent of 
     the military service academy to which the cadet requests to 
     transfer--
       ``(i) to take action on a request for transfer under this 
     subsection not later than 72 hours after receiving the formal 
     request from the cadet;
       ``(ii) to approve such request for transfer unless there 
     are exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
     request; and
       ``(iii) upon approval of such request, to take all 
     necessary and appropriate action to effectuate the transfer 
     of the cadet to the military service academy concerned as 
     expeditiously as possible; and
       ``(C) direct the Superintendent of the United States 
     Military Academy, in coordination with the Secretary of the 
     military department that sponsors the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps program at the institution of higher 
     education to which the cadet requests to transfer--
       ``(i) to take action on a request for transfer under this 
     subsection not later than 72 hours after receiving the formal 
     request from the cadet;
       ``(ii) subject to the cadet's acceptance for admission to 
     the institution of higher education to which the cadet wishes 
     to transfer, to approve such request for transfer unless 
     there are exceptional circumstances that require denial of 
     the application; and
       ``(iii) to take all necessary and appropriate action to 
     effectuate the cadet's enrollment in the institution of 
     higher education to which the cadet wishes to transfer and to 
     process the cadet for participation in the relevant Senior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps program as expeditiously as 
     possible.
       ``(3) If the Superintendent of the United States Military 
     Academy denies a request for transfer under this subsection, 
     the cadet may request review of the denial by the Secretary 
     of the Army, who shall take action on such request not later 
     than 72 hours after receipt of the formal request for review.
       ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records 
     of any request, determination, transfer, or other action 
     under this subsection remain confidential, consistent with 
     applicable law and regulation.
       ``(5) A cadet who transfers under this subsection may 
     retain the cadet's appointment to the United States Military 
     Academy or may be appointed to the military service academy 
     to which the cadet transfers without regard to the 
     limitations and requirements set forth in sections 7442, 
     8454, and 9442 of this title.''.
       (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 8480 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(e) Consideration of Request for Transfer of a Midshipman 
     Who Is the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--
     (1) The Secretary of the Navy shall provide for timely 
     consideration of and action on a request submitted by a 
     midshipman appointed to the United States Naval Academy who 
     is the victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense 
     covered by section 920, 920c, or 930 of this title (article 
     120, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) 
     for transfer to another military service academy or to enroll 
     in a Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program 
     affiliated with another institution of higher education.
       ``(2) The Secretary of the Navy shall prescribe regulations 
     to carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by 
     the Secretary of Defense that--
       ``(A) provide that the Superintendent of the United States 
     Naval Academy shall ensure that any midshipman who has been 
     appointed to the United States Naval Academy and who is a 
     victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense referred 
     to in paragraph (1), is informed of the right to request a 
     transfer pursuant to this section, and that any formal 
     request submitted by a midshipman is processed as 
     expeditiously as practicable through the chain of command for 
     review and action by the Superintendent;
       ``(B) direct the Superintendent of the United States Naval 
     Academy, in coordination with the Superintendent of the 
     military service academy to which the midshipman requests to 
     transfer--
       ``(i) to take action on a request for transfer under this 
     subsection not later than 72 hours after receiving the formal 
     request from the midshipman;
       ``(ii) to approve such request for transfer unless there 
     are exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
     request; and
       ``(iii) upon approval of such request, to take all 
     necessary and appropriate action to effectuate the transfer 
     of the midshipman to the military service academy concerned 
     as expeditiously as possible; and
       ``(C) direct the Superintendent of the United States Naval 
     Academy, in coordination with the Secretary of the military 
     department that sponsors the Senior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps program at the institution of higher education 
     to which the midshipman requests to transfer--
       ``(i) to take action on a request for transfer under this 
     subsection not later than 72 hours after receiving the formal 
     request from the midshipman;
       ``(ii) subject to the midshipman's acceptance for admission 
     to the institution of higher education to which the 
     midshipman wishes to transfer, to approve such request for 
     transfer unless there are exceptional circumstances that 
     require denial of the application; and
       ``(iii) to take all necessary and appropriate action to 
     effectuate the midshipman's enrollment in the institution of 
     higher education to which the midshipman wishes to transfer 
     and to

[[Page H9448]]

     process the midshipman for participation in the relevant 
     Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program as 
     expeditiously as possible.
       ``(3) If the Superintendent of the United States Naval 
     Academy denies a request for transfer under this subsection, 
     the midshipman may request review of the denial by the 
     Secretary of the Navy, who shall take action on such request 
     not later than 72 hours after receipt of the formal request 
     for review.
       ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records 
     of any request, determination, transfer, or other action 
     under this subsection remain confidential, consistent with 
     applicable law and regulation.
       ``(5) A midshipman who transfers under this subsection may 
     retain the midshipman's appointment to the United States 
     Naval Academy or may be appointed to the military service 
     academy to which the midshipman transfers without regard to 
     the limitations and requirements set forth in sections 7442, 
     8454, and 9442 of this title.''.
       (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9461 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(e) Consideration of Request for Transfer of a Cadet Who 
     Is the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) 
     The Secretary of the Air Force shall provide for timely 
     consideration of and action on a request submitted by a cadet 
     appointed to the United States Air Force Academy who is the 
     victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense covered 
     by section 920, 920c, or 930 of this title (article 120, 
     120c, or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) for 
     transfer to another military service academy or to enroll in 
     a Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program affiliated 
     with another institution of higher education.
       ``(2) The Secretary of the Air Force shall prescribe 
     regulations to carry out this subsection, within guidelines 
     provided by the Secretary of Defense that--
       ``(A) provide that the Superintendent of the United States 
     Air Force Academy shall ensure that any cadet who has been 
     appointed to the United States Air Force Academy and who is a 
     victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense referred 
     to in paragraph (1), is informed of the right to request a 
     transfer pursuant to this section, and that any formal 
     request submitted by a cadet is processed as expeditiously as 
     practicable through the chain of command for review and 
     action by the Superintendent;
       ``(B) direct the Superintendent of the United States Air 
     Force Academy, in coordination with the Superintendent of the 
     military service academy to which the cadet requests to 
     transfer--
       ``(i) to take action on a request for transfer under this 
     subsection not later than 72 hours after receiving the formal 
     request from the cadet;
       ``(ii) to approve such request for transfer unless there 
     are exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
     request; and
       ``(iii) upon approval of such request, to take all 
     necessary and appropriate action to effectuate the transfer 
     of the cadet to the military service academy concerned as 
     expeditiously as possible; and
       ``(C) direct the Superintendent of the United States Air 
     Force Academy, in coordination with the Secretary of the 
     military department that sponsors the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps program at the institution of higher 
     education to which the cadet requests to transfer--
       ``(i) to take action on a request for transfer under this 
     subsection not later than 72 hours after receiving the formal 
     request from the cadet;
       ``(ii) subject to the cadet's acceptance for admission to 
     the institution of higher education to which the cadet wishes 
     to transfer, to approve such request for transfer unless 
     there are exceptional circumstances that require denial of 
     the application; and
       ``(iii) to take all necessary and appropriate action to 
     effectuate the cadet's enrollment in the institution of 
     higher education to which the cadet wishes to transfer and to 
     process the cadet for participation in the relevant Senior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps program as expeditiously as 
     possible.
       ``(3) If the Superintendent of the United States Air Force 
     Academy denies a request for transfer under this subsection, 
     the cadet may request review of the denial by the Secretary 
     of the Air Force, who shall take action on such request not 
     later than 72 hours after receipt of the formal request for 
     review.
       ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records 
     of any request, determination, transfer, or other action 
     under this subsection remain confidential, consistent with 
     applicable law and regulation.
       ``(5) A cadet who transfers under this subsection may 
     retain the cadet's appointment to the United States Air Force 
     Academy or may be appointed to the military service academy 
     to which the cadet transfers without regard to the 
     limitations and requirements set forth in sections 7442, 
     8454, and 9442 of this title.''.

     SEC. 556. REDESIGNATION OF THE COMMANDANT OF THE UNITED 
                   STATES AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AS THE 
                   DIRECTOR AND CHANCELLOR OF SUCH INSTITUTE.

       (a) Redesignation.--Section 9414b(a) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Commandant'' 
     and inserting ``Director and Chancellor'';
       (2) by striking ``Commandant'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``Director and Chancellor''; and
       (3) in the heading of paragraph (3), by striking 
     ``Commandant'' and inserting ``Director and Chancellor''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 9414(f) of such title 
     is amended by striking ``Commandant'' both places it appears 
     and inserting ``Director and Chancellor''.
       (c) References.--Any reference in any law, regulation, map, 
     document, paper, or other record of the United States to the 
     Commandant of the United States Air Force Institute of 
     Technology shall be deemed to be a reference to the Director 
     and Chancellor of the United States Air Force Institute of 
     Technology.

     SEC. 557. ELIGIBILITY OF ADDITIONAL ENLISTED MEMBERS FOR 
                   ASSOCIATE DEGREE PROGRAMS OF THE COMMUNITY 
                   COLLEGE OF THE AIR FORCE.

       Section 9415(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Enlisted members of the armed forces other than the 
     Air Force who are participating in Community College of the 
     Air Force affiliated joint-service training and education 
     courses.''.

     SEC. 558. SPEECH DISORDERS OF CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN.

       (a) Testing.--The Superintendent of a military service 
     academy shall provide testing for speech disorders to 
     incoming cadets or midshipmen under the jurisdiction of that 
     Superintendent.
       (b) No Effect on Admission.--The testing under subsection 
     (a) may not have any effect on admission to a military 
     service academy.
       (c) Results.--The Superintendent shall provide each cadet 
     or midshipman under the jurisdiction of that Superintendent 
     the result of the testing under subsection (a) and a list of 
     warfare unrestricted line officer positions and occupation 
     specialities that require successful performance on the 
     speech test.
       (d) Therapy.--The Superintendent shall furnish speech 
     therapy to a cadet or midshipman under the jurisdiction of 
     that Superintendent at the election of the cadet or 
     midshipman.
       (e) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of the military 
     departments shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a joint report 
     that includes the following:
       (1) The number of cadets or midshipmen with an identified 
     speech disorder in each military service academy.
       (2) A list of the health care and administrative resources 
     related to speech disorders available to cadets and 
     midshipmen described in paragraph (1).
       (3) A list of positions and specialties described in 
     subsection (c) pursued by the cadets and midshipmen described 
     in paragraph (1) at the time of graduation.

     SEC. 559. REQUIREMENT TO CONTINUE PROVISION OF TUITION 
                   ASSISTANCE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       The Secretary of each military department shall carry out 
     tuition assistance programs for members of an Armed Force 
     under the jurisdiction of that Secretary during fiscal year 
     2020 using an amount not less than the sum of any amounts 
     appropriated for tuition assistance for members of that Armed 
     Force for fiscal year 2020.

     SEC. 560. INFORMATION ON INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION 
                   PARTICIPATING IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   TUITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       (a) List of Participating Institutions.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall make available, on a publicly accessible 
     website of the Department of Defense, a list that 
     identifies--
       (1) each institution of higher education that receives 
     funds under the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance 
     Program; and
       (2) the amount of such funds received by the institution.
       (b) Annual Updates.--The Secretary of Defense shall update 
     the list described in subsection (a) not less frequently than 
     once annually.

     SEC. 560A. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION ON FREE CREDIT MONITORING 
                   IN ANNUAL FINANCIAL LITERACY BRIEFING.

       The Secretary of each military department shall ensure that 
     the annual financial literacy education briefing provided to 
     members of the Armed Forces includes information on the 
     availability of free credit monitoring services pursuant to 
     section 605A(k) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (15 U.S.C. 
     1681c-1(k)).

     SEC. 560B. PROGRAMS TO FACILITATE THE AWARD OF PRIVATE 
                   PILOT'S CERTIFICATES.

       (a) Programs Authorized.--Each Secretary of a military 
     department may carry out a program under which qualified 
     participants may obtain a private pilot's certificate through 
     an institution of higher education with an accredited 
     aviation program that is approved by such Secretary pursuant 
     to subsection (c).
       (b) Participant Qualifications and Types of Assistance.--
       (1) In general.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
     (a), the Secretary of a military department shall prescribe--
       (A) the standards to be met for participation in the 
     program; and
       (B) the types of assistance, if any, to be provided to 
     individuals who participate in the program.
       (2) Uniformity across military departments.--To the extent 
     practicable, the standards and types of assistance prescribed 
     under paragraph (1) shall be uniform across the military 
     departments.
       (c) Approved Institutions of Higher Education.--
       (1) In general.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
     (a), the Secretary of a military department shall maintain a 
     list of institutions of higher education (as that term is 
     defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
     (20 U.S.C. 1001)) through which an individual participating 
     in the program may obtain a private pilot's certificate.
       (2) Qualifications and standards.--Any institution of 
     higher education included on a list

[[Page H9449]]

     under paragraph (1), and any course of instruction toward 
     obtaining a private pilot's certificate offered by such 
     institution, shall meet such qualifications and standards as 
     the Secretary shall prescribe for purposes of the program. 
     Such qualifications and standards shall include a requirement 
     that any institution included on the list award, to 
     individual participating in the program, academic credit at 
     such institution for any portion of course work completed on 
     the ground school course of instruction of such institution 
     in connection with obtaining a private pilot's certificate, 
     regardless of whether the participant fully completed the 
     ground school course of instruction.
       (d) Annual Reports on Programs.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than February 28, 2021, and each 
     year thereafter, each Secretary of a military department 
     shall submit to Congress a report on the program, if any, 
     carried out by such Secretary under subsection (a) during the 
     preceding calendar year.
       (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, for the program and year covered by such report, the 
     following:
       (A) The total number of participants in the program.
       (B) The number of private pilot's certificates awarded to 
     participants in the program.
       (C) The number of participants in the program who fully 
     completed a ground school course of instruction in connection 
     with obtaining a private pilot's certificate.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

     SEC. 561. REQUIREMENT TO PROVIDE INFORMATION REGARDING 
                   BENEFITS CLAIMS TO MEMBERS DURING TAP 
                   COUNSELING.

       Section 1142(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(19) Information regarding how to file claims for 
     benefits available to the member under laws administered by 
     the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs.''.

     SEC. 562. PARTICIPATION OF OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES IN THE 
                   SKILLBRIDGE APPRENTICESHIP AND INTERNSHIP 
                   PROGRAM FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       Section 1143(e) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) Any program under this subsection may be carried out 
     at, through, or in consultation with such other departments 
     or agencies of the Federal Government as the Secretary of the 
     military department concerned considers appropriate.''.

     SEC. 563. FIRST MODIFICATION OF ELEMENTS OF REPORT ON THE 
                   IMPROVED TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       Section 552(b)(4) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(E) The evaluation of the Secretary regarding the 
     effectiveness of the Transition Assistance Program for all 
     members of the Armed Forces.
       ``(F) The evaluation of the Secretary regarding the 
     effectiveness of the Transition Assistance Program 
     specifically for female members of the Armed Forces.''.

     SEC. 564. SECOND MODIFICATION OF ELEMENTS OF REPORT ON THE 
                   IMPROVED TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       Section 552(b)(4) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), 
     as amended by section 563 of this Act, is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (F) as 
     subparagraphs (B) through (G), respectively;
       (2) by inserting before subparagraph (B), as redesignated 
     by paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (A):
       ``(A) The total number of members eligible to attend 
     Transition Assistance Program counseling.''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(H) The number of members who participated in programs 
     under section 1143(e) of title 10, United States Code 
     (commonly referred to as `Job Training, Employment Skills, 
     Apprenticeships and Internships (JTEST-AI)' or `Skill 
     Bridge').
       ``(I) Such other information as is required to provide 
     Congress with a comprehensive description of the 
     participation of the members in the Transition Assistance 
     Program and programs described in subparagraph (H).''.

     SEC. 565. PROHIBITION ON GENDER-SEGREGATED TRAINING AT MARINE 
                   CORPS RECRUIT DEPOTS.

       (a) Parris Island.--
       (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), training at the 
     Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina, 
     may not be segregated based on gender.
       (2) Deadline.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
     carry out this subsection not later than five years after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) San Diego.--
       (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), training at the 
     Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego, California, may not be 
     segregated based on gender.
       (2) Deadline.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
     carry out this subsection not later than eight years after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 566. ASSESSMENT OF DEATHS OF RECRUITS UNDER THE 
                   JURISDICTION OF THE SECRETARIES OF THE MILITARY 
                   DEPARTMENTS.

       (a) Assessment.--The Inspector General of the Department of 
     Defense shall conduct an assessment of the deaths of recruits 
     at facilities under the jurisdiction of the Secretaries of 
     the military departments, and the effectiveness of the 
     current medical protocols on the training bases.
       (b) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
     Inspector General shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representative a 
     report containing the results of the assessment conducted 
     under subsection (a). The report shall include the following:
       (1) The number of recruits who died during basic training 
     in the five years preceding the date of the report.
       (2) The causes of deaths described in paragraph (1).
       (3) The types of medical treatment that was provided to 
     recruits described in paragraph (1).
       (4) Whether any of the deaths identified under paragraph 
     (1) were found to be a result of medical negligence.
       (5) A description of medical capabilities and personnel 
     available to the recruits at each facility.
       (6) A description of medical resources accessible to the 
     recruits at the company level at each facility.
       (7) A description of 24-hour medical resources available to 
     recruits at each facility.
       (8) An evaluation of the guidelines and resources in place 
     to monitor sick recruits.
       (9) An evaluation of how supervisors evaluate and determine 
     whether a sick recruit should continue training or further 
     seek medical assistance.
       (10) An evaluation of how the Secretaries of the military 
     departments can increase visibility of the comprehensive 
     medical status of a sick recruit to instructors and 
     supervisors in order to provide better situational awareness 
     of the such medical status.
       (11) An evaluation of how to improve medical care for 
     recruits.

     SEC. 567. REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TRAINING PROGRAMS 
                   REGARDING DISINFORMATION CAMPAIGNS.

       (a) Review.--Not later than 120 days after the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a review of 
     existing programs, tools, and resources of the Department of 
     Defense for training members of the Armed Forces and 
     employees of the Department regarding the threat of 
     disinformation campaigns specifically targeted at such 
     individuals and the families of such individuals.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 270 days after the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     a report to the congressional defense committees regarding 
     the programs, tools, and resources identified under 
     subsection (a).

     SEC. 568. COMMAND MATTERS IN CONNECTION WITH TRANSITION 
                   ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

       The training provided a commander of a military 
     installation in connection with the commencement of 
     assignment to the installation shall include a module on the 
     covered transition assistance programs available for members 
     of the Armed Forces assigned to the installation.

     SEC. 569. MACHINE READABILITY AND ELECTRONIC TRANSFERABILITY 
                   OF CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM 
                   ACTIVE DUTY (DD FORM 214).

       (a) Modification Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     modify the Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active 
     Duty (DD Form 214) to--
       (1) be machine readable and electronically transferable; 
     and
       (2) include a specific block explicitly identified as the 
     location in which a member of the Armed Forces may provide 
     one or more email addresses by which the member may be 
     contacted after discharge or release from active duty.
       (b) Deadline for Modification.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall release a revised Certificate of Release or Discharge 
     from Active Duty (DD Form 214), modified pursuant to 
     subsection (a), not later than four years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     a report to Congress regarding the following:
       (1) What systems of the Department of Defense require an 
     individual to manually enter information from DD Form 214.
       (2) What activities of the Department of Defense require a 
     veteran or former member of the Armed Forces to provide a 
     physical copy of DD Form 214.
       (3) The order of priority for modernizing items identified 
     under paragraphs (1) and (2) as determined by the Secretary.
       (4) The estimated cost, as determined by the Secretary, to 
     automate items identified under paragraphs (1) and (2).

     SEC. 570. RECORDS OF SERVICE FOR RESERVES.

       (a) Establishment.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall establish and implement a standard 
     record of service for members of the reserve components of 
     the Armed Forces, similar to DD Form 214, that summarizes the 
     record of service of each such member, including dates of 
     active duty service.
       (b) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall coordinate with the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs to ensure that the record established under 
     this section is acceptable as proof of service for former 
     members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces who are 
     eligible for benefits under laws administered by the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs to receive such benefits.

[[Page H9450]]

     SEC. 570A. LIMITATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH 
                   SEPARATIONS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO 
                   SUFFER FROM MENTAL HEALTH CONDITIONS IN 
                   CONNECTION WITH A SEX-RELATED, INTIMATE PARTNER 
                   VIOLENCE-RELATED, OR SPOUSAL-ABUSE OFFENSE.

       (a) Confirmation of Diagnosis of Condition Required Before 
     Separation.--Before a member of the Armed Forces who was the 
     victim of a sex-related offense, an intimate partner 
     violence-related offense, or a spousal-abuse offense during 
     service in the Armed Forces (whether or not such offense was 
     committed by another member of the Armed Forces), and who has 
     a mental health condition not amounting to a physical 
     disability, is separated, discharged, or released from the 
     Armed Forces based solely on such condition, the diagnosis of 
     such condition must be--
       (1) corroborated by a competent mental health care 
     professional at the peer level or a higher level of the 
     health care professional making the diagnosis; and
       (2) endorsed by the Surgeon General of the military 
     department concerned.
       (b) Narrative Reason for Separation if Mental Health 
     Condition Present.--If the narrative reason for separation, 
     discharge, or release from the Armed Forces of a member of 
     the Armed Forces is a mental health condition that is not a 
     disability, the appropriate narrative reason for the 
     separation, discharge, or release shall be a condition, not a 
     disability, or Secretarial authority.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``intimate partner violence-related offense'' 
     means the following:
       (A) An offense under section 928 or 930 of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 128 or 130 of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice).
       (B) An offense under State law for conduct identical or 
     substantially similar to an offense described in subparagraph 
     (A).
       (2) The term ``sex-related offense'' means the following:
       (A) An offense under section 920 or 920b of title 10, 
     United States Code (article 120 or 120b of the Uniform Code 
     of Military Justice).
       (B) An offense under State law for conduct identical or 
     substantially similar to an offense described in subparagraph 
     (A).
       (3) The term ``spousal-abuse offense'' means the following:
       (A) An offense under section 928 of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 128 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       (B) An offense under State law for conduct identical or 
     substantially similar to an offense described in subparagraph 
     (A).
       (d) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect 180 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall 
     apply with respect to separations, discharges, and releases 
     from the Armed Forces that occur on or after that effective 
     date.

     SEC. 570B. PROHIBITION ON INVOLUNTARY SEPARATION OF CERTAIN 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES; CONSIDERATION OF 
                   MILITARY SERVICE IN REMOVAL DETERMINATIONS.

       (a) Prohibition on Involuntary Separation.--
       (1) In general.--No member of the Armed Forces may be 
     involuntarily separated from the Armed Forces solely because 
     that member is a covered member.
       (2) Covered member defined.--In this subsection, the term 
     ``covered member'' means a member of the Armed Forces who--
       (A) possesses a current and valid employment authorization 
     document that was issued pursuant to the memorandum of the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security dated June 15, 2012, and 
     entitled ``Exercising Prosecutorial Discretion with Respect 
     to Individuals who Came to the United States as Children''; 
     or
       (B) is currently in a temporary protected status under 
     section 244 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
     1254a).
       (b) Consideration of Military Service in Removal 
     Determinations.--
       (1) In general.--With regards to an individual, an 
     immigration officer shall take into consideration evidence of 
     military service by that individual in determining whether--
       (A) to issue to that individual a notice to appear in 
     removal proceedings, an administrative order of removal, or a 
     reinstatement of a final removal order; and
       (B) to execute a final order of removal regarding that 
     individual.
       (2) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) The term ``evidence of service'' means evidence that an 
     individual served as a member of the Armed Forces, and the 
     characterization of each period of service of that individual 
     in the Armed Forces.
       (B) The term ``immigration officer'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 101 of the Immigration and Nationality 
     Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).

     SEC. 570C. INCLUSION OF QUESTION REGARDING IMMIGRATION STATUS 
                   ON PRESEPARATION COUNSELING CHECKLIST (DD FORM 
                   2648).

       Not later than September 30, 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall modify the preseparation counseling checklist for 
     active component, active guard reserve, active reserve, full 
     time support, and reserve program administrator service 
     members (DD Form 2648) to include a specific block wherein a 
     member of the Armed Forces may indicate that the member would 
     like to receive information regarding the immigration status 
     of that member and expedited naturalization.

     SEC. 570D. COUNSELING FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO ARE 
                   NOT CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES ON 
                   NATURALIZATION IN THE UNITED STATES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary concerned shall furnish to 
     covered individuals under the jurisdiction of that Secretary 
     counseling regarding how to apply for naturalization in the 
     United States.
       (b) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered individual'' means a member of the 
     Armed Forces who is not a citizen of the United States.
       (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States 
     Code.

     SEC. 570E. PILOT PROGRAM ON INFORMATION SHARING BETWEEN 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND DESIGNATED RELATIVES 
                   AND FRIENDS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                   REGARDING THE EXPERIENCES AND CHALLENGES OF 
                   MILITARY SERVICE.

       (a) Pilot Program Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     seek to enter into an agreement with the American Red Cross 
     to carry out a pilot program under which the American Red 
     Cross--
       (A) encourages a member of the Armed Forces, upon the 
     enlistment or appointment of such member, to designate up to 
     10 persons to whom information regarding the military service 
     of such member shall be disseminated using contact 
     information obtained under paragraph (6); and
       (B) provides such persons, within 30 days after the date on 
     which such persons are designated under subparagraph (A), the 
     option to elect to receive such information regarding 
     military service.
       (2) Dissemination.--The Secretary shall disseminate 
     information described in paragraph (1)(A) under the pilot 
     program on a regular basis.
       (3) Types of information.--The types of information to be 
     disseminated under the pilot program to persons who elect to 
     receive such information shall include information 
     regarding--
       (A) aspects of daily life and routine experienced by 
     members of the Armed Forces;
       (B) the challenges and stresses of military service, 
     particularly during and after deployment as part of a 
     contingency operation;
       (C) the services available to members of the Armed Forces 
     and the dependents of such members to cope with the 
     experiences and challenges of military service;
       (D) benefits administered by the Department of Defense for 
     members of the Armed Forces and the dependents of such 
     members;
       (E) a toll-free telephone number through which such persons 
     who elect to receive information under the pilot program may 
     request information regarding the program; and
       (F) such other information as the Secretary determines to 
     be appropriate.
       (4) Privacy of information.--In carrying out the pilot 
     program, the Secretary may not disseminate information under 
     paragraph (3) in violation of laws and regulations pertaining 
     to the privacy of members of the Armed Forces, including 
     requirements pursuant to--
       (A) section 552a of title 5, United States Code; and
       (B) the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act 
     of 1996 (Public Law 104-191).
       (5) Notice and modifications.--In carrying out the pilot 
     program, the Secretary shall, with respect to a member of the 
     Armed Forces--
       (A) ensure that such member is notified of the ability to 
     modify designations made by such member under paragraph 
     (1)(A); and
       (B) upon the request of a member, authorize such member to 
     modify such designations at any time.
       (6) Contact information.--In making a designation under the 
     pilot program, a member of the Armed Forces shall provide 
     necessary contact information, specifically including an 
     email address, to facilitate the dissemination of information 
     regarding the military service of the member.
       (7) Opt-in and opt-out of program.--
       (A) Opt-in by members.--A member may participate in the 
     pilot program only if the member voluntarily elects to 
     participate in the program. A member seeking to make such an 
     election shall make such election in a manner, and by 
     including such information, as the Secretary and the Red 
     Cross shall jointly specify for purposes of the pilot 
     program.
       (B) Opt-in by designated recipients.--A person designated 
     pursuant to paragraph (1)(A) may receive information under 
     the pilot program only if the person makes the election 
     described in paragraph (1)(B).
       (C) Opt-out.--In carrying out the pilot program, the 
     Secretary shall, with respect to a person who has elected to 
     receive information under such pilot program, cease 
     disseminating such information to that person upon request of 
     such person.
       (b) Survey and Report on Pilot Program.--
       (1) Survey.--Not later than two years after the date on 
     which the pilot program commences, the Secretary, in 
     consultation with the American Red Cross, shall administer a 
     survey to persons who elected to receive information under 
     the pilot program for the purpose of receiving feedback 
     regarding the quality of information disseminated under this 
     section, including whether such information appropriately 
     reflects the military career progression of members of the 
     Armed Forces.
       (2) Report.--Not later than three years after the date on 
     which the pilot program commences, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a final report on the 
     pilot program which includes--
       (A) the results of the survey administered under paragraph 
     (1);
       (B) a determination as to whether the pilot program should 
     be made permanent; and
       (C) recommendations as to modifications necessary to 
     improve the program if made permanent.
       (c) Termination of Pilot Program.--The pilot program shall 
     terminate upon submission of the report required by 
     subsection (b)(2).

[[Page H9451]]

     SEC. 570F. CONNECTIONS OF MEMBERS RETIRING OR SEPARATING FROM 
                   THE ARMED FORCES WITH COMMUNITY-BASED 
                   ORGANIZATIONS AND RELATED ENTITIES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary 
     of Veterans Affairs shall jointly seek to enter into 
     memoranda of understanding or other agreements with State 
     veterans agencies under which information from Department of 
     Defense Form DD-2648 on individuals undergoing retirement, 
     discharge, or release from the Armed Forces is transmitted to 
     one or more State veterans agencies, as elected by such 
     individuals, to provide or connect veterans to benefits or 
     services as follows:
       (1) Assistance in preparation of resumes.
       (2) Training for employment interviews.
       (3) Employment recruitment training.
       (4) Other services leading directly to a successful 
     transition from military life to civilian life.
       (5) Healthcare, including care for mental health.
       (6) Transportation or transportation-related services.
       (7) Housing.
       (8) Such other benefits or services as the Secretaries 
     jointly consider appropriate for purposes of this section.
       (b) Information Transmitted.--The information transmitted 
     on individuals as described in subsection (a) shall be such 
     information on Form DD-2648 as the Secretaries jointly 
     consider appropriate to facilitate community-based 
     organizations and related entities in providing or connecting 
     such individuals to benefits and services as described in 
     subsection (a).
       (c) Modification of Form DD-2648.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall make such modifications to Form DD-2648 as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate to allow an individual 
     filling out the form to indicate an email address at which 
     the individual may be contacted to receive or be connected to 
     benefits or services described in subsection (a).
       (d) Voluntary Participation.--Information on an individual 
     may be transmitted to and through a State veterans agency as 
     described in subsection (a) only with the consent of the 
     individual. In giving such consent, an individual shall 
     specify the following:
       (1) The State veterans agency or agencies elected by the 
     individual to transmit such information as described in 
     subsection (a).
       (2) The benefits and services for which contact information 
     shall be so transmitted.
       (3) Such other information on the individual as the 
     individual considers appropriate in connection with the 
     transmittal.

     SEC. 570G. PILOT PROGRAM REGARDING ONLINE APPLICATION FOR THE 
                   TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary 
     of Veterans Affairs, and the Secretary of Labor may jointly 
     carry out a pilot program that creates a one-stop source for 
     online applications for the purposes of assisting members of 
     the Armed Forces and Veterans participating in the Transition 
     Assistance Program (in this section referred to as ``TAP'').
       (b) Data Sources.--If the Secretaries carry out the pilot 
     program, any online application developed under such program 
     shall, in part, aggregate existing data from government 
     resources and the private sector under one uniform resource 
     locator for the purpose of assisting members of the Armed 
     Forces and veterans participating in TAP.
       (c) Availability; Accessibility.--Any online application 
     developed under a pilot program shall, to the extent feasible 
     be--
       (1) widely available as a mobile application; and
       (2) easily accessible by veterans, members of the Armed 
     Forces, and employers.
       (d) Assessments.--
       (1) Interim assessments.--Not later than the dates that are 
     one and two years after the date of the commencement of any 
     pilot program under this section, the Secretaries shall 
     jointly assess the pilot program.
       (2) Final assessment.--Not later than the date that is 
     three years after the date of the commencement of any pilot 
     program under this section, the Secretaries shall jointly 
     carry out a final assessment of the pilot program.
       (3) Purpose.--The general objective of each assessment 
     under this subsection shall be to determine if the online 
     application under the pilot program helps participants in TAP 
     to accomplish the goals of TAP, accounting for the individual 
     profiles of participants, including military experience and 
     geographic location.
       (e) Briefing.--If the Secretaries carry out the pilot 
     program, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives a briefing on findings regarding the pilot 
     program, including any recommendations for legislation.
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``mobile application'' means a software 
     program that runs on the operating system of a mobile device.
       (2) The term ``mobile device'' means a smartphone, tablet 
     computer, or similar portable computing device that transmits 
     data over a wireless connection.

    Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

     SEC. 571. AUTHORIZING MEMBERS TO TAKE LEAVE FOR A BIRTH OR 
                   ADOPTION IN MORE THAN ONE INCREMENT.

       Paragraph (5) of section 701(i) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``only in one increment'' and inserting 
     ``in more than one increment''; and
       (2) by inserting ``in accordance with regulations 
     prescribed by the Secretary concerned'' before the period.

     SEC. 572. DEFERRED DEPLOYMENT FOR MEMBERS WHO GIVE BIRTH.

       Section 701 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(l) A member of the armed forces who gives birth while on 
     active duty may be deployed during the period of 12 months 
     beginning on the date of such birth only with the approval of 
     a health care provider employed at a military medical 
     treatment facility and--
       ``(1) at the election of such member; or
       ``(2) in the interest of national security, as determined 
     by the Secretary of Defense.''.

     SEC. 573. AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY CONCERNED TO TRANSPORT 
                   REMAINS OF A COVERED DECEDENT TO NO MORE THAN 
                   TWO PLACES SELECTED BY THE PERSON DESIGNATED TO 
                   DIRECT DISPOSITION OF THE REMAINS.

       (a) Authority.--Section 1482(a)(8) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(8)(A) Transportation of the remains, and travel and 
     transportation allowances as specified in regulations 
     prescribed under section 464 of title 37 for an escort of one 
     person, to the place, subject to subparagraph (B), selected 
     by the person designated to direct disposition of the remains 
     or, if such a selection is not made, to a national or other 
     cemetery which is selected by the Secretary and in which 
     burial of the decedent is authorized.
       ``(B) The person designated to direct disposition of the 
     remains may select two places under subparagraph (A) if the 
     second place is a national cemetery. If that person selects 
     two places, the Secretary concerned may pay for 
     transportation to the second place only by means of 
     reimbursement under subsection (b).
       ``(C) When transportation of the remains includes 
     transportation by aircraft under section 562 of the John 
     Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 1482 note), the Secretary 
     concerned shall provide, to the maximum extent practicable, 
     for delivery of the remains by air to the commercial, general 
     aviation, or military airport nearest to the place selected 
     by the designee.''.
       (b) Military Escort and Honor Guard Only to First 
     Location.--Section 562(b) of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     10 U.S.C. 1482 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following: ``If the person designated to direct disposition 
     of the remains selects two places under such section, the 
     term means only the first of those two places.''.

     SEC. 574. MILITARY FUNERAL HONORS MATTERS.

       (a) Full Military Honors Ceremony for Certain Veterans.--
     Section 1491(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) The Secretary concerned shall provide full military 
     honors (as determined by the Secretary concerned) for the 
     funeral of a veteran who--
       ``(A) is first interred or first inurned in Arlington 
     National Cemetery on or after the date of the enactment of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020;
       ``(B) was awarded the medal of honor or the prisoner-of-war 
     medal; and
       ``(C) is not entitled to full military honors by the grade 
     of that veteran.''.
       (b) Full Military Funeral Honors for Veterans at Military 
     Installations.--
       (1) Installation plans for honors required.--The commander 
     of each military installation at or through which a funeral 
     honors detail for a veteran is provided pursuant to section 
     1491 of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
     subsection (a)), shall maintain and carry out a plan for the 
     provision, upon request, of full military funeral honors at 
     funerals of veterans for whom a funeral honors detail is 
     authorized in that section.
       (2) Elements.--Each plan of an installation under paragraph 
     (1) shall include the following:
       (A) Mechanisms to ensure compliance with the requirements 
     applicable to the composition of funeral honors details in 
     section 1491(b) of title 10, United States Code (as so 
     amended).
       (B) Mechanisms to ensure compliance with the requirements 
     for ceremonies for funerals in section 1491(c) of such title.
       (C) In addition to the ceremonies required pursuant to 
     subparagraph (B), the provision of a gun salute, if otherwise 
     authorized, for each funeral by appropriate personnel, 
     including personnel of the installation, members of the 
     reserve components of the Armed Forces residing in the 
     vicinity of the installation who are ordered to funeral 
     honors duty, or members of veterans organizations or other 
     organizations referred to in section 1491(b)(2) of such 
     title.
       (D) Mechanisms for the provision of support authorized by 
     section 1491(d) of such title.
       (E) Such other mechanisms and activities as the Secretary 
     concerned considers appropriate in order to assure that full 
     military funeral honors are provided upon request at funerals 
     of veterans.
       (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (B) The term ``veteran'' has the meaning given that term in 
     section 1491(h) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 575. IMPROVEMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL LICENSE PORTABILITY FOR 
                   RELOCATED SPOUSES OF MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED 
                   SERVICES.

       Section 1784 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(h) Improvement of Occupational License Portability 
     Through Interstate Compacts.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
     enter into a cooperative agreement with the Council of State 
     Governments to assist

[[Page H9452]]

     with funding of the development of interstate compacts on 
     licensed occupations in order to alleviate the burden 
     associated with relicensing in such an occupation by spouse 
     of a members of the armed forces in connection with a 
     permanent change of duty station of members to another State.
       ``(2) Limitation on assistance per compact.--The amount 
     provided under paragraph (1) as assistance for the 
     development of any particular interstate compact may not 
     exceed $1,000,000.
       ``(3) Limitation on total amount of assistance.--The total 
     amount of assistance provided under paragraph (1) in any 
     fiscal year may not exceed $4,000,000.
       ``(4) Annual report.--Not later than February 28 each year, 
     the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on interstate compacts described in paragraph (1) 
     developed through assistance provided under that paragraph. 
     Each report shall set forth the following:
       ``(A) Any interstate compact developed during the preceding 
     calendar year, including the occupational licenses covered by 
     such compact and the States agreeing to enter into such 
     compact.
       ``(B) Any interstate compact developed during a prior 
     calendar year into which one or more additional States agreed 
     to enter during the preceding calendar year.
       ``(5) Expiration.--The authority to enter into a 
     cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), and to provide 
     assistance described in that paragraph pursuant to such 
     cooperative agreement, expire on September 30, 2024.''.

     SEC. 576. CONTINUED ELIGIBILITY FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING 
                   OPPORTUNITIES FOR SPOUSES OF PROMOTED MEMBERS.

       Section 1784a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Assistance''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) A spouse who is eligible for a program under this 
     section and begins a course of education or training for a 
     degree, license, or credential described in subsection (a) 
     may not become ineligible to complete such course of 
     education or training solely because the member to whom the 
     spouse is married is promoted to a higher grade.''.

     SEC. 577. MODIFICATION TO AUTHORITY TO REIMBURSE FOR STATE 
                   LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATION COSTS OF A SPOUSE 
                   OF A SERVICEMEMBER ARISING FROM RELOCATION.

       Section 476(p) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``armed forces'' and 
     inserting ``uniformed services'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$500'' and inserting 
     ``$1,000'';
       (3) in paragraph (3)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) an analysis of whether the maximum reimbursement 
     amount under paragraph (2) is sufficient to cover the average 
     costs of relicensing described in paragraph (1).''; and
       (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``December 31, 2022'' and 
     inserting ``December 31, 2024''.

     SEC. 578. CLARIFICATION REGARDING ELIGIBILITY TO TRANSFER 
                   ENTITLEMENT UNDER POST-9/11 EDUCATIONAL 
                   ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       Section 3319(j) of title 38, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) The Secretary of Defense may not prescribe any 
     regulation that would provide for a limitation on eligibility 
     to transfer unused education benefits to family members based 
     on a maximum number of years of service in the Armed 
     Forces.''.

     SEC. 579. ANNUAL STATE REPORT CARD.

       Section 1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(h)(1)(C)(ii)) is 
     amended by striking ``on active duty (as defined in section 
     101(d)(5) of such title)''.

     SEC. 580. IMPROVEMENTS TO CHILD CARE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       (a) Clarifying Technical Amendment to Direct Hire Authority 
     of the Department of Defense for Child Care Services 
     Providers for Department Child Development Centers.--Section 
     559(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 1792 note) is amended 
     by inserting ``(including family childcare coordinator 
     services and school age childcare coordinator services)'' 
     after ``childcare services''.
       (b) Assessment of Financial Assistance Provided to Civilian 
     Child Care Providers.--
       (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall assess the 
     maximum amount of financial assistance provided to eligible 
     civilian providers of child care services or youth program 
     services that furnish such service for members of the armed 
     forces and employees of the United States under section 1798 
     of title 10, United States Code. Such assessment shall 
     include the following:
       (A) The determination of the Secretary whether the maximum 
     allowable financial assistance should be standardized across 
     the Armed Forces.
       (B) Whether the maximum allowable amount adequately 
     accounts for high-cost duty stations.
       (2) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     regarding the results of the assessment under paragraph (1) 
     and any actions taken by the Secretary to remedy identified 
     shortfalls in assistance described in that paragraph.
       (c) Reduction in Wait Lists for Child Care at Military 
     Installations.--
       (1) Remedial action.--The Secretary of Defense shall take 
     steps the Secretary determines necessary to reduce the 
     waiting lists for child care at military installations to 
     ensure that members of the Armed Forces have meaningful 
     access to child care during tours of duty.
       (2) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall provide a report to the Committees on Armed 
     Forces of the Senate and the House of Representative 
     regarding--
       (A) action taken under paragraph (1); and
       (B) any additional resources (including additional funding 
     for and child care facilities and workers) the Secretary 
     determines necessary to increase access described in 
     paragraph (1).
       (d) GAO Review.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall conduct a review of the assessments, actions, 
     and determinations of the Secretary under subsections (b)(1) 
     and (c). Not later than December 1, 2020, the Comptroller 
     General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
     regarding the review performed under this subsection.
       (e) Assessment of Accessibility of Websites of the 
     Department of Defense Related to Child Care and Spousal 
     Employment.--
       (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the 
     functions and accessibility of websites of the Department of 
     Defense designed for members of the Armed Forces and the 
     families of such members to access information and services 
     offered by the Department regarding child care, spousal 
     employment, and other family matters.
       (2) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     regarding the results of the assessment under paragraph (1) 
     and actions taken to enhance accessibility of the websites.
       (f) Portability of Background Investigations for Child Care 
     Providers.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
     that the background investigation and training certification 
     for a child care provider employed by the Department of 
     Defense in a facility of the Department may be transferred to 
     another facility of the Department, without regard to which 
     Secretary of a military department has jurisdiction over 
     either such facility.

     SEC. 580A. TRANSPORTATION OF REMAINS OF CASUALTIES; TRAVEL 
                   EXPENSES FOR NEXT OF KIN.

       (a) Transportation for Remains of a Member Who Dies Not in 
     a Theater of Combat Operations.--Section 562 of the John 
     Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 1482 note), as amended by 
     section 573 of this Act, is further amended--
       (1) in the heading, by striking ``dying in a theater of 
     combat operations''; and
       (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``in a combat theater of 
     operations'' and inserting ``outside of the United States''.
       (b) Transportation for Family.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall extend travel privileges via Invitational Travel 
     Authorization to family members of members of the Armed 
     Forces who die outside of the United States and whose remains 
     are returned to the United States through the mortuary 
     facility at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware.

     SEC. 580B. MEETINGS OF OFFICIALS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   WITH REPRESENTATIVE GROUPS OF SURVIVORS OF 
                   DECEASED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Chiefs of the Armed Forces.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall direct the chiefs of the Armed Forces to meet 
     periodically with representative groups of survivors of 
     deceased members of the Armed Forces to receive feedback from 
     those survivors regarding issues affecting such survivors. 
     The Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall meet with 
     representative groups of survivors of deceased members of the 
     Air National Guard and the Army National Guard.
       (b) Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
     Readiness.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
     Readiness shall meet periodically with representative groups 
     of survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces to 
     discuss policies of the Department of Defense regarding 
     military casualties and Gold Star families.
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall brief 
     the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives regarding policies established and the 
     results of the meetings under subsection (b).

     SEC. 580C. INFORMATION AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR REGISTRATION FOR 
                   VOTING AND ABSENTEE BALLOT REQUESTS FOR MEMBERS 
                   OF THE ARMED FORCES UNDERGOING DEPLOYMENT 
                   OVERSEAS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 45 days prior to a general 
     election for Federal office, a member of the Armed Forces 
     shall, upon request, be provided with the following:
       (1) A Federal write-in absentee ballot prescribed pursuant 
     to section 103 of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens 
     Absentee Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 20303), together with 
     instructions on the appropriate use of the ballot with 
     respect to the State in which the member is registered to 
     vote.
       (2) In the case of a member intending to vote in a State 
     that does not accept the Federal write-in absentee ballot as 
     a simultaneous application and acceptable ballot for Federal 
     elections, instructions on, and an opportunity to fill

[[Page H9453]]

     out, the official post card form for absentee voter 
     registration application and absentee ballot application 
     prescribed under section 101(b)(2) of the Uniformed and 
     Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 
     20301(b)(2)).
       (b) Personnel Responsible of Discharge.--Ballots and 
     instructions pursuant to paragraph (1) of subsection (a), and 
     briefings and forms pursuant to paragraph (2) of such 
     subsection, shall be provided by Voting Assistance Officers 
     or such other personnel as the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned shall designate.

     SEC. 580D. STUDY ON TWO-WAY MILITARY BALLOT BARCODE TRACKING.

       (a) Study.--The Director of the Federal Voting Assistance 
     Program of the Department of Defense shall conduct a study on 
     the feasibility of a pilot program providing full ballot 
     tracking of overseas military absentee ballots through the 
     mail stream in a manner that is similar to the 2016 Military 
     Ballot Tracking Pilot Program conducted by the Federal Voting 
     Assistance Program.
       (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to Congress 
     a report on the results of the study conducted under 
     subsection (a). The report shall include--
       (1) an estimate of the costs and requirements needed to 
     conduct the pilot program described in subsection (a);
       (2) a description of the organizations that would provide 
     substantial support for the pilot program;
       (3) a time line for the phased implementation of the pilot 
     program to all military personnel actively serving overseas;
       (4) a method to determine under the pilot program if a 
     ballot was counted, and a way to provide such information to 
     the member of the Armed Forces casting the vote; and
       (5) a description of the efforts being undertaken to ensure 
     a reliable and secure military ballot tracking system.

     SEC. 580E. ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH MILITARY DEPENDENT 
                   STUDENTS.

       (a) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--
       (1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2020 by section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $10,000,000 shall be available for payments under section 363 
     of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 106-398; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
       (2) Use of certain amount.--Of the amount available under 
     paragraph (1) for payments as described in that paragraph, 
     $5,000,000 shall be available for such payments to local 
     educational agencies determined by the Secretary of Defense, 
     in the discretion of the Secretary, to have higher 
     concentrations of military children with severe disabilities.
       (b) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of 
     Military Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2020 by section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $40,000,000 shall be available only for the purpose of 
     providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
     subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 
     20 U.S.C. 7703b).
       (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).

     SEC. 580F. FIRST EXPANSION OF THE MY CAREER ADVANCEMENT 
                   ACCOUNT PROGRAM FOR MILITARY SPOUSES.

       The Secretary of Defense shall modify the My Career 
     Advancement Account program of the Department of Defense to 
     ensure that military spouses participating in the program may 
     receive financial assistance for the pursuit of a license, 
     certification, or Associate's degree in any career field or 
     occupation.

     SEC. 580G. SECOND EXPANSION OF THE MY CAREER ADVANCEMENT 
                   ACCOUNT PROGRAM FOR MILITARY SPOUSES.

       The spouse of a member of the Coast Guard may participate 
     in the My Career Advancement Account program of the 
     Department of Defense if the Coast Guard reimburses the 
     Department of Defense.

     SEC. 580H. REPORT ON TRAINING AND SUPPORT AVAILABLE TO 
                   MILITARY SPOUSES.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall submit to the 
     committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report that includes a description of the 
     following:
       (1) Financial literacy programs currently designed 
     specifically for military spouses.
       (2) Efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of financial 
     literacy programs.
       (b) Public Availability.--The report submitted under 
     subsection (a) shall be made available on a publicly 
     accessible website of the Department of Defense.

     SEC. 580I. RI'KATAK GUEST STUDENT PROGRAM AT UNITED STATES 
                   ARMY GARRISON-KWAJALEIN ATOLL.

       (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may 
     conduct an assistance program to educate up to five local 
     national students per grade, per academic year, on a space-
     available basis at the contractor-operated schools on United 
     States Army GarrisonUKwajalein Atoll. The program shall be 
     known as the ``Ri'katak Guest Student Program''.
       (b) Student Assistance.--Assistance that may be provided to 
     students participating in the program carried out pursuant to 
     subsection (a) includes the following:
       (1) Classroom instruction.
       (2) Extracurricular activities.
       (3) Student meals.
       (4) Transportation.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

     SEC. 581. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES ON ELIGIBILITY FOR AND 
                   REPLACEMENT OF GOLD STAR LAPEL BUTTONS.

       (a) Expansion of Authority To Determine Next of Kin for 
     Issuance.--Section 1126 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``widows, parents, and'' 
     in the matter preceding paragraph (1);
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``the widow and to each 
     parent and'' and inserting ``each''; and
       (3) in subsection (d)--
       (A) by striking paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) and 
     inserting the following new paragraph (1):
       ``(1) The term `next of kin' means individuals standing in 
     such relationship to members of the armed forces described in 
     subsection (a) as the Secretaries concerned shall jointly 
     specify in regulations for purposes of this section.''; and
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), (7), and (8) as 
     paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5), respectively.
       (b) Replacement.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended 
     by striking ``and payment'' and all that follows and 
     inserting ``and without cost.''.

     SEC. 582. STANDARDIZATION OF HONORABLE SERVICE REQUIREMENT 
                   FOR AWARD OF MILITARY DECORATIONS.

       (a) Honorable Service Requirement.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 57 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 1136. Honorable service requirement for award of 
       military decorations

       ``No military decoration, including a medal, cross, or bar, 
     or an associated emblem or insignia, may be awarded or 
     presented to any person, or to a representative of the 
     person, if the service of the person after the person 
     distinguished himself or herself has not been honorable.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 57 of such title is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:

``1136. Honorable service requirement for award of military 
              decorations.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Title 10, United States Code, 
     is further amended as follows:
       (1) In section 7274--
       (A) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and inserting 
     ``subsection (c)'';
       (B) by striking subsection (c); and
       (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
       (2)(A) Section 8299 is repealed.
       (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 837 
     is amended by striking the item relating to section 8299.
       (3) In section 9274--
       (A) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and inserting 
     ``subsection (c)'';
       (B) by striking subsection (c); and
       (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
       (4) In section 9279, by striking subsection (c).

     SEC. 583. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO 
                   JOHN J. DUFFY FOR ACTS OF VALOR IN VIETNAM.

       (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
     limitations specified in section 7274 of title 10, United 
     States Code, or any other time limitation with respect to the 
     awarding of certain medals to persons who served in the Armed 
     Forces, the President may award the Medal of Honor under 
     section 7271 of such title to John J. Duffy for the acts of 
     valor in Vietnam described in subsection (b).
       (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to 
     in subsection (a) are the actions of John J. Duffy on April 
     14 and 15, 1972, in Vietnam for which he was previously 
     awarded the Distinguished-Service Cross.

     SEC. 584. REVIEW OF WORLD WAR I VALOR MEDALS.

       (a) Review Required.--Each Secretary concerned shall review 
     the service records of World War I veterans described in 
     subsection (b) under the jurisdiction of such Secretary in 
     order to determine whether any such veteran should be awarded 
     the Medal of Honor for valor during World War I.
       (b) Covered World War I Veterans.--The World War I veterans 
     whose service records may be reviewed under subsection (a) 
     are the following:
       (1) African American war veterans, Asian American war 
     veterans, Hispanic American war veterans, Jewish American war 
     veterans, and Native American war veterans who were awarded 
     the Distinguished Service Cross or the Navy Cross for an 
     action that occurred between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 
     1918.
       (2) African American war veterans, Asian American war 
     veterans, Hispanic American war veterans, Jewish American war 
     veterans, and Native American war veterans who were awarded 
     the Croix de Guerre with Palm (that is, awarded at the Army 
     level or above) by the Government of France for an action 
     that occurred between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
       (3) African American war veterans, Asian American war 
     veterans, Hispanic American war veterans, Jewish American war 
     veterans, and Native American war veterans who were 
     recommended for a Medal of Honor for actions that occurred 
     from April 6, 1917, to November 11, 1918, if the Department 
     of Defense possesses or receives records relating to such 
     recommendation.

[[Page H9454]]

       (c) Recommendation Based on Review.--If a Secretary 
     concerned determines, based upon the review under subsection 
     (a), that the award of the Medal of Honor to a covered World 
     War I veteran is warranted, such Secretary shall submit to 
     the President a recommendation that the President award the 
     Medal of Honor to that veteran.
       (d) Authority To Award Medal of Honor.--The Medal of Honor 
     may be awarded to a World War I veteran in accordance with a 
     recommendation of a Secretary concerned under subsection (c).
       (e) Waiver of Time Limitations.--An award of the Medal of 
     Honor may be made under subsection (d) without regard to--
       (1) section 7274 or 8298 of title 10, United States Code, 
     as applicable; and
       (2) any regulation or other administrative restriction on--
       (A) the time for awarding the Medal of Honor; or
       (B) the awarding of the Medal of Honor for service for 
     which a Distinguished Service Cross or Navy Cross has been 
     awarded.
       (f) Deadline.--The review under subsection (a) shall 
     terminate not later than five years after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
       (g) Definitions.--
       (1) In general.--In this section:
       (A) African american war veteran.--The term ``African 
     American war veteran'' means any person who served in the 
     United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and 
     November 11, 1918, and who identified himself as of African 
     descent on his military personnel records.
       (B) Asian american war veteran.--The term ``Asian American 
     war veteran'' means any person who served in the United 
     States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 
     1918, and who identified himself racially, nationally, or 
     ethnically as originating from a country in Asia on his 
     military personnel records.
       (C) Hispanic american war veteran.--The term ``Hispanic 
     American war veteran'' means any person who served in the 
     United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and 
     November 11, 1918, and who identified himself racially, 
     nationally, or ethnically as originating from a country where 
     Spanish is an official language on his military personnel 
     records.
       (D) Jewish american war veteran.--The term ``Jewish 
     American war veteran'' mean any person who served in the 
     United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and 
     November 11, 1918, and who identified himself as Jewish on 
     his military personnel records.
       (E) Native american war veteran.--The term ``Native 
     American war veteran'' means any person who served in the 
     United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and 
     November 11, 1918, and who identified himself as a member of 
     a federally recognized tribe within the modern territory of 
     the United States on his military personnel records.
       (F) Secretary concerned.--The term ``Secretary concerned'' 
     means--
       (i) the Secretary of the Army, in the case of members of 
     the Armed Forces who served in the Army between April 6, 
     1917, and November 11, 1918; and
       (ii) the Secretary of the Navy, in the case of members of 
     the Armed Forces who served in the Navy or the Marine Corps 
     between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
       (2) Application of definitions of origin.--If the military 
     personnel records of a person do not reflect the person's 
     membership in one of the groups identified in subparagraphs 
     (B) through (F) of paragraph (1) but historical evidence 
     exists that demonstrates the person's Jewish faith held at 
     the time of service, or that the person identified himself as 
     of African, Asian, Hispanic, or Native American descent, the 
     person may be treated as being a member of the applicable 
     group by the Secretary concerned for purposes of this 
     section.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 591. CLARIFICATION OF THE TERM ``ASSAULT'' FOR PURPOSES 
                   OF WORKPLACE AND GENDER RELATIONS SURVEYS.

       (a) Surveys of Members of the Armed Forces.--Section 481 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
     ``(including unwanted sexual contact)'' after ``assault'' 
     each place it appears.
       (b) Surveys of Civilian Employees of the Department of 
     Defense.--Section 481a of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting ``(including unwanted sexual contact)'' 
     after ``assault'' each place it appears.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) 
     and (b) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act and shall apply with respect to surveys under 
     sections 481 and 481a of title 10, United States Code, that 
     are initiated after such date.

     SEC. 592. INCLUSION OF CERTAIN VETERANS ON TEMPORARY 
                   DISABILITY OR PERMANENT DISABLED RETIREMENT 
                   LISTS IN MILITARY ADAPTIVE SPORTS PROGRAMS.

       (a) Inclusion of Certain Veterans.--Subsection (a)(1) of 
     section 2564a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``for members of the armed forces who'' and all that 
     follows through the period at the end and inserting the 
     following: ``for--
       ``(A) any member of the armed forces who is eligible to 
     participate in adaptive sports because of an injury, illness, 
     or wound incurred in the line of duty in the armed forces; 
     and
       ``(B) any veteran (as defined in section 101 of title 38), 
     during the one-year period following the veteran's date of 
     separation, who--
       ``(i) is on the Temporary Disability Retirement List or 
     Permanently Disabled Retirement List;
       ``(ii) is eligible to participate in adaptive sports 
     because of an injury, illness, or wound incurred in the line 
     of duty in the armed forces; and
       ``(iii) was enrolled in the program authorized under this 
     section prior to the veteran's date of separation.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (b) of such section 
     is amended by inserting ``and veterans'' after ``members''.
       (c) Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 2564a. Provision of assistance for adaptive sports 
       programs: members of the armed forces; certain veterans''.

       (2) Table of section.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 152 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 2564a and inserting the 
     following new item:

``2564a. Provision of assistance for adaptive sports programs: members 
              of the armed forces; certain veterans.''.

     SEC. 593. QUESTIONS IN SURVEYS REGARDING EXTREMIST ACTIVITY 
                   IN THE WORKPLACE.

       The Secretary of Defense shall include in appropriate 
     surveys administered by the Department of Defense questions 
     regarding whether respondents have ever--
       (1) experienced or witnessed extremist activity in the 
     workplace; or
       (2) reported such activity.

     SEC. 594. STUDY ON BEST PRACTICES FOR PROVIDING FINANCIAL 
                   LITERACY EDUCATION FOR SEPARATING MEMBERS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense, and with 
     respect to members of the Coast Guard, in coordination with 
     the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is 
     operating when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, 
     shall conduct a study on the best practices to provide 
     financial literacy education for separating members of the 
     Armed Forces.
       (b) Elements.--The study required by subsection (a) shall 
     include--
       (1) an examination, recommendations, and reporting on best 
     practices for providing financial literacy education to 
     separating members of the Armed Forces; and
       (2) detailed current financial literacy programs for 
     separating members of the Armed Forces.
       (c) Consultation.--In conducting the study required by 
     subsection (a), the Secretaries shall consult with the 
     Financial Literacy and Education Commission of the Department 
     of the Treasury.
       (d) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the study under 
     subsection (a).
       (e) Financial Literacy Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``financial literacy'' means education regarding personal 
     finance including the insurance, credit, loan, banking, 
     career training and education benefits available to veterans.

     SEC. 595. REPORT ON OVERSIGHT OF AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS OF 
                   CERTAIN GRADES OF COMMISSIONED REGULAR AND 
                   RESERVE OFFICERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on oversight of the authorized strengths of 
     commissioned regular officers of the Armed Forces and 
     commissioned reserve officers of the Armed Forces in the 
     grades as follows:
       (1) The grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel in 
     the Army, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps.
       (2) The grades of lieutenant commander, commander, and 
     captain in the Navy.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) Such recommendations as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate on mechanisms to improve Department of Defense 
     oversight, and oversight by Congress, of the authorized 
     strengths of commissioned officers in the grades specified in 
     subsection (a), including the following:
       (A) An analysis of the history of each military department 
     in complying with the authorized strengths and strengths in 
     grade specified in sections 523 and 12005 of title 10, United 
     States Code, including a description of--
       (i) the number of officers in each grade and Armed Force 
     concerned as of the end of each fiscal year between fiscal 
     year 2010 and fiscal year 2019; and
       (ii) the number of officers authorized for such grade and 
     Armed Force as of the end of such fiscal year under the 
     applicable section.
       (B) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     submitting to Congress each year a request for an 
     authorization for officers serving in the grades currently 
     covered by the tables in section 523 of title 10, United 
     States Code.
       (C) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     submitting to Congress each year a proposal for legislation 
     to update the tables in such section.
       (D) An assessment of the advisability of converting the 
     authorization for end strengths for regular officers in the 
     grades specified in subsection (a) to a percentage-based 
     approach like that currently utilized for reserve officers in 
     section 12005 of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) Such other recommendations as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate to improve the effectiveness of the oversight by 
     Congress of the number of commissioned regular and reserve 
     officers of the Armed Forces in the grades specified in 
     subsection (a).

     SEC. 596. REPORT ON CERTAIN WAIVERS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and

[[Page H9455]]

     annually thereafter during the two subsequent calendar years, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate 
     a report identifying, with respect to the reporting period 
     for such report, and disaggregated by Armed Force, the 
     following:
       (1) Accession and commission.--
       (A) The number of individuals who were processed by a 
     Secretary of a military department for a medical accession or 
     commissioning qualification determination on or after April 
     12, 2019.
       (B) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (A), the 
     number of such individuals who were found medically 
     disqualified pursuant to the standards established in DTM-19-
     004 regarding enlistment in or commission as an officer of an 
     Armed Force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a 
     military department.
       (C) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (A), the 
     number of such individuals--
       (i) described in section I.b.(1), 1.b(2), 1.b(3), or 
     II.b.(1) of attachment 3 to DTM-19-004; and
       (ii) who did not require a waiver or exception to standards 
     described in subparagraph (B).
       (D) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (C), the 
     number of such individuals who enlisted or were commissioned.
       (E) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (B), the 
     number of such individuals who were considered for a waiver 
     or exception to standards described in subparagraph (B).
       (F) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (E), the 
     number of such individuals who were denied such a waiver or 
     exception.
       (G) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (E), the 
     number of such individuals who received such a waiver or 
     exception.
       (H) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (G), the 
     number of such individuals who enlisted or were commissioned.
       (2) Retention.--
       (A) The number of members of each Armed Force under the 
     jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department who 
     received a diagnosis of gender dysphoria on or after April 
     12, 2019.
       (B) Of the members described in subparagraph (A), the 
     number of members who were--
       (i) referred to the Disability Evaluation System; or
       (ii) subject to processing for administrative separation 
     based on conditions and circumstances not constituting a 
     physical disability that interfered with assignment to or 
     performance of duty.
       (C) Of the members described in subparagraph (A), the 
     number of members who were subsequently considered for a 
     waiver or exception to standards established in DTM-19-004 to 
     permit those members to serve in other than the biological 
     sex of each such member.
       (D) Of the members described in subparagraph (C), the 
     number of members who were granted such a waiver or 
     exception.
       (E) Of the members described in subparagraph (C), the 
     number of members who were denied such a waiver or exception.
       (F) Of the members described in subparagraph (E), the 
     number of members who were discharged because of such denial, 
     aggregated by characterization of discharge.
       (b) Protection of Certain Information.--No report submitted 
     under this section may contain any personally identifiable 
     information or protected health information of any 
     individual.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``DTM-19-004'' means the memorandum--
       (A) issued by the Office of the Deputy Secretary of 
     Defense;
       (B) dated March 12, 2019; and
       (C) with the subject heading ``Directive-type Memorandum 
     (DTM)-19-004-Military Service by Transgender Persons and 
     Persons with Gender Dysphoria''.
       (2) The terms ``exempt individuals'' and ``nonexempt 
     individuals'' have the meanings given those terms in 
     attachment 3 to DTM-19-004.
       (3) The term ``reporting period'' means, with respect to a 
     report submitted under subsection (a), the calendar year most 
     recently completed before the date on which such report is to 
     be submitted.

     SEC. 597. NOTIFICATIONS ON MANNING OF AFLOAT NAVAL FORCES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall notify the 
     congressional defense committees, in writing, not later than 
     30 days after the end of each fiscal year quarter, of each 
     covered ship (if any) that met either condition as follows:
       (1) The manning fit for such ship was less than 87 percent 
     for more than 14 days during such fiscal year quarter.
       (2) The manning fill for such ship was less than 90 percent 
     for more than 14 days during such fiscal year quarter.
       (b) Elements.--The notification required by subsection (a) 
     shall include, with respect to a covered ship, the following:
       (1) The name and hull number of the ship.
       (2) The homeport location of the ship.
       (3) The current manning fit and fill of the ship.
       (4) If the lowest level of manning fit or manning fill for 
     the ship occurred during the fiscal year quarter concerned, 
     the level concerned and the date on which such level 
     occurred.
       (5) If the lowest level of manning fit or manning fill for 
     the ship is projected to occur after the fiscal year quarter 
     concerned, the projected level and the date on which such 
     level is projected to occur.
       (6) If not achieved as of the date of the notification the 
     projected date on which the Navy will achieve a manning fit 
     and fill at least 87 percent and 90 percent, respectively, 
     for the ship.
       (7) If not achieved as of the date of the notification, the 
     projected date on which the Navy will achieve a manning fit 
     and fill of at least 92 percent and 95 percent, respectively, 
     for the ship.
       (8) A description of the reasons the Navy has not achieved, 
     or will not achieve, as applicable, manning fit and fill of 
     at least 87 percent and 90 percent, respectively, for the 
     ship, including a detailed description of the specific 
     ratings or skillset areas that must be manned to achieve 
     those percentages.
       (9) A description of corrective actions the Navy is taking 
     to improve manning fit or manning fill on the ship.
       (c) Special Rule.--For purposes of determining whether a 
     percentage of manning fit or manning fill has been achieved, 
     a sailor in a more senior paygrade may count as filling the 
     billet of a more junior paygrade, but a sailor in a more 
     junior paygrade may not count as filling the billet of a more 
     senior paygrade.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Manning fit.--The term ``manning fit'', in the case of 
     a ship, means the skills (rating), specialty skills (Navy 
     Enlisted Classifications), and experience (paygrade) for the 
     ship when compared with the ship manpower document 
     requirement and billets authorized for such skills and 
     experience.
       (2) Manning fill.--The term ``manning fill'', in the case 
     of a ship, means the total number of military personnel 
     assigned to the ship by rating when compared with the ship 
     manpower document requirement and billets authorized for the 
     ship by rating.
       (3) Covered ship.--The term ``covered ship'' means a 
     commissioned battle force ship that is included in the battle 
     force count of the Naval Vessel Register.
       (e) Sunset.--The requirement to submit notifications under 
     subsection (a) with respect to fiscal year quarters shall 
     cease beginning with fiscal year quarters in fiscal year 
     2025.
       (f) Repeal of Superseded Requirements.--Section 525 of the 
     John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1757; 10 U.S.C. 8013 
     note) is repealed.

     SEC. 598. REPORT REGARDING USE OF AERIAL SYSTEMS OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO SUPPORT AGENCIES OF 
                   STATES, TERRITORIES, AND THE FEDERAL 
                   GOVERNMENT.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
     in consultation with the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House 
     of Representatives and the Senate a report regarding the 
     requirements, policies, and procedures governing the use of 
     manned and unmanned aerial systems of the Department of 
     Defense to support State and Federal agencies.
       (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of requirements for providing support to 
     State and Federal agencies that the Secretary considers 
     appropriate for planning, programming and budgeting 
     resources.
       (2) A description of manned and unmanned aerial systems 
     that the Secretary regularly provides to support State and 
     Federal agencies, including examples of support provided, and 
     length of time to approve requests.
       (3) A list of requests for such aerial systems from State 
     and Federal agencies during fiscal year 2019 that the 
     Secretary denied and the reason each such request was 
     disapproved.
       (4) An overview of current policies and procedures 
     governing the use of such aerial systems by States and 
     Federal agencies, including--
       (A) procedures a State or Federal agency must follow to 
     obtain use of such aerial systems for natural disasters and 
     search and rescue operations;
       (B) the typical amount of time needed to process such 
     requests, and whether such procedures can be streamlined; and
       (C) to what extent different policies and procedures apply 
     to unmanned aerial systems versus manned aerial systems.
       (5) A description of the different categories of unmanned 
     aerial systems of the Department of Defense, how such 
     categories are managed, and whether the criteria for such 
     categories affect the ability of the Secretary to use 
     unmanned aerial systems to support State or Federal agencies.
       (6) An explanation of any restrictions on the use of such 
     unmanned aerial systems under--
       (A) the ``Guidance for the Domestic Use of Unmanned 
     Aircraft Systems in U.S. National Airspace'', dated August 
     18, 2018;
       (B) Department of Defense Instruction 3025.18 ``Defense 
     Support to Civil Authorities''; and
       (C) other relevant guidance of the Department of Defense.
       (7) Whether restrictions described in paragraph (6) apply 
     differently to regular members of the Armed Forces serving on 
     active duty and to members of the National Guard.
       (8) Whether members of the National Guard may operate the 
     different categories of such unmanned aerial systems when 
     operating under section 502(f) of title 32, United States 
     Code.
       (9) An analysis of how the Secretary may improve access to 
     and knowledge of States and Federal agencies regarding the 
     availability of such unmanned aerial systems and related 
     request procedures.
       (10) Whether--
       (A) the Secretary has been unable to provide an unmanned 
     aerial system to support to a State agency at the request of 
     such State agency; and
       (B) the Secretary has plans to make more unmanned aerial 
     systems available to fulfil such requests.
       (11) Any other matters the Secretary determines 
     appropriate.
       (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (d) State Defined.--In this section, the term ``State'' has 
     the meaning given that term in section 901 of title 32, 
     United States Code.

[[Page H9456]]

     SEC. 599. INFORMATION FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON 
                   AVAILABILITY OF SERVICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   VETERANS AFFAIRS RELATING TO SEXUAL TRAUMA.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall inform 
     members of the Armed Forces, using mechanisms available to 
     the Secretary, of the eligibility of such members for 
     services of the Department of Veterans Affairs relating to 
     sexual trauma.
       (b) Information From Sexual Assault Response 
     Coordinators.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure--
       (1) that Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and uniformed 
     victims advocates of the Department of Defense advise members 
     of the Armed Forces who report instances of sexual trauma 
     regarding the eligibility of such members for services at the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs; and
       (2) that such information is included in mandatory training 
     materials.
       (c) Sexual Trauma Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``sexual trauma'' means psychological trauma described in 
     section 1720D(a)(1) of title 38, United States Code.

     SEC. 599A. AUTHORITY TO ISSUE AN HONORARY PROMOTION TO 
                   COLONEL CHARLES E. MCGEE, UNITED STATES AIR 
                   FORCE (RET.), TO THE GRADE OF BRIGADIER 
                   GENERAL.

       (a) In General.--Pursuant to section 1563 of title 10, 
     United States Code, the President may issue to Colonel 
     Charles E. McGee, United States Air Force (retired), a 
     distinguished Tuskegee Airman, an honorary promotion to the 
     grade of brigadier general.
       (b) Additional Benefits Not to Accrue.--The advancement of 
     Charles E. McGee on the retired list of the Air Force under 
     subsection (a) shall not affect the retired pay or other 
     benefits from the United States to which Charles E. McGee is 
     entitled based upon his military service, or affect any 
     benefits to which any other person is or may become entitled 
     based on such military service.

     SEC. 599B. AUTHORITY TO ISSUE AN HONORARY AND POSTHUMOUS 
                   PROMOTION TO LIEUTENANT COLONEL RICHARD COLE, 
                   UNITED STATES AIR FORCE (RET.), TO THE GRADE OF 
                   COLONEL.

       (a) In General.--Pursuant to section 1563 of title 10, 
     United States Code, the President may issue to Lieutenant 
     Colonel Richard E. Cole, United States Air Force (retired), 
     an honorary and posthumous promotion to the grade of colonel.
       (b) Additional Benefits Not to Accrue.--The advancement of 
     Richard E. Cole on the retired list of the Air Force under 
     subsection (a) shall not affect the retired pay or other 
     benefits from the United States to which Richard E. Cole 
     would have been entitled based upon his military service, or 
     affect any benefits to which any other person is or may 
     become entitled based on such military service.

     SEC. 599C. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE HONORABLE AND 
                   DISTINGUISHED SERVICE OF GENERAL JOSEPH F. 
                   DUNFORD, UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS, TO THE 
                   UNITED STATES.

       It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the United States deeply appreciates the decades of 
     honorable service of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States 
     Marine Corps; and
       (2) the indispensable leadership of General Dunford and his 
     dedication to the men and women of the Armed Forces 
     demonstrates the finest example of service to the United 
     States.

                    TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Clarification of continuation of pays during hospitalization 
              and rehabilitation resulting from wounds, injury, or 
              illness incurred while on duty in a hostile fire area or 
              exposed to an event of hostile fire or other hostile 
              action.
Sec. 602. Continued entitlements while a member of the Armed Forces 
              participates in a career intermission program.
Sec. 603. Exemption from repayment of voluntary separation pay.
Sec. 604. Consideration of service on active duty to reduce age of 
              eligibility for retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 605. Temporary adjustment of rates of basic allowance for housing 
              following determination that local civilian housing costs 
              significantly differ from such rates.
Sec. 606. Reinvestment of travel refunds by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 607. Addition of partial dislocation allowance to allowable travel 
              and transportation expenses for servicemembers.
Sec. 608. Reductions on account of earnings from work performed while 
              entitled to an annuity supplement.
Sec. 609. Increase in basic pay.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
              authorities.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Expansion of eligibility for exceptional transitional 
              compensation for dependents to dependents of current 
              members.
Sec. 622. Phase-out of reduction of Survivor Benefit Plan survivor 
              annuities by amount of dependency and indemnity 
              compensation.
Sec. 623. Death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to 
              civilian providers of child care services or youth 
              program services who provide such services to survivors 
              of members of the Armed Forces who die in combat in the 
              line of duty.
Sec. 625. Casualty assistance for survivors of deceased ROTC graduates.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Defense resale system matters.
Sec. 632. Procurement by commissary stores of certain locally sourced 
              products.
Sec. 633. GAO review of defense resale optimization study.

         Subtitle E--Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Privileges

Sec. 641. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
              privileges to Foreign Service officers on mandatory home 
              leave.
Sec. 642. Extension of pilot program on a Government lodging program.

                 Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 651. Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation of 
              retired general or flag officers by foreign governments 
              for emoluments clause purposes.
Sec. 652. Report regarding transition from overseas housing allowance 
              to basic allowance for housing for servicemembers in the 
              territories.
Sec. 653. Report on extension to members of the reserve components of 
              the Armed Forces of special and incentive pays for 
              members of the Armed Forces not currently payable to 
              members of the reserve components.
Sec. 654. Study regarding recoupment of separation pay, special 
              separation benefits, and voluntary separation incentive 
              payments from members of the Armed Forces and veterans 
              who receive disability compensation under laws 
              administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 655. Report on implementation of contributions to the Department 
              of Defense Military Retirement Fund based on pay costs 
              per Armed Force rather than on Armed Forces-wide basis.
Sec. 656. Report on food insecurity among members of the Armed Forces 
              and their dependents.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

     SEC. 601. CLARIFICATION OF CONTINUATION OF PAYS DURING 
                   HOSPITALIZATION AND REHABILITATION RESULTING 
                   FROM WOUNDS, INJURY, OR ILLNESS INCURRED WHILE 
                   ON DUTY IN A HOSTILE FIRE AREA OR EXPOSED TO AN 
                   EVENT OF HOSTILE FIRE OR OTHER HOSTILE ACTION.

       Section 372(b)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(1) The date on which the member is returned for 
     assignment to other than a medical or patient unit for duty; 
     however, in the case of a member under the jurisdiction of a 
     Secretary of a military department, the date on which the 
     member is determined fit for duty.''.

     SEC. 602. CONTINUED ENTITLEMENTS WHILE A MEMBER OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES PARTICIPATES IN A CAREER INTERMISSION 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 710(h) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting 
     a semicolon; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(3) the entitlement of the member and of the survivors of 
     the member to all death benefits under the provisions of 
     chapter 75 of this title;
       ``(4) the provision of all travel and transportation 
     allowances for the survivors of deceased members to attend 
     burial ceremonies under section 481f of title 37; and
       ``(5) the eligibility of the member for general benefits as 
     provided in part II of title 38.''.

     SEC. 603. EXEMPTION FROM REPAYMENT OF VOLUNTARY SEPARATION 
                   PAY.

       Section 1175a(j) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraphs (2) and 
     (3)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (2), (3), and (4)'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(4) This subsection shall not apply to a member who--
       ``(A) is involuntarily recalled to active duty or full-time 
     National Guard duty; and
       ``(B) in the course of such duty, incurs a service-
     connected disability rated as total under section 1155 of 
     title 38.''.

     SEC. 604. CONSIDERATION OF SERVICE ON ACTIVE DUTY TO REDUCE 
                   AGE OF ELIGIBILITY FOR RETIRED PAY FOR NON-
                   REGULAR SERVICE.

       Section 12731(f)(2)(B)(i) of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by striking ``under a provision of law referred to 
     in section 101(a)(13)(B) or under section 12301(d)'' and 
     inserting ``under section 12301(d) or 12304b of this title, 
     or under a provision of law referred to in section 
     101(a)(13)(B)''.

     SEC. 605. TEMPORARY ADJUSTMENT OF RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE 
                   FOR HOUSING FOLLOWING DETERMINATION THAT LOCAL 
                   CIVILIAN HOUSING COSTS SIGNIFICANTLY DIFFER 
                   FROM SUCH RATES.

       Section 403(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(8)(A) The Secretary of Defense may prescribe a temporary 
     adjustment in the current rates of basic allowance for 
     housing for a military housing area or a portion thereof (in 
     this

[[Page H9457]]

     paragraph, `BAH rates') if the Secretary determines that the 
     actual costs of adequate housing for civilians in that 
     military housing area or portion thereof differs from the 
     current BAH rates by more than 20 percent.
       ``(B) Any temporary adjustment in BAH rates under this 
     paragraph shall remain in effect only until the effective 
     date of the first adjustment of BAH rates for the affected 
     military housing area that occurs after the date of the 
     adjustment under this paragraph.
       ``(C) This paragraph shall cease to be effective on 
     September 30, 2022.''.

     SEC. 606. REINVESTMENT OF TRAVEL REFUNDS BY THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Refunds for Official Travel.--Subchapter I of chapter 8 
     of title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
     end the following new section:

     ``Sec. 456. Managed travel program refunds

       ``(a) Credit of Refunds.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     credit refunds attributable to Department of Defense managed 
     travel programs as a direct result of official travel to such 
     operation and maintenance or research, development, test, and 
     evaluation accounts of the Department as designated by the 
     Secretary that are available for obligation for the fiscal 
     year in which the refund or amount is collected.
       ``(b) Use of Refunds.--Refunds credited under subsection 
     (a) may only be used for official travel or operations and 
     efficiency improvements for improved financial management of 
     official travel.
       ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Managed travel program.--The term `managed travel 
     program' includes air, rental car, train, bus, dining, 
     lodging, and travel management, but does not include rebates 
     or refunds attributable to the use of the Government travel 
     card, the Government Purchase Card, or Government travel 
     arranged by Government Contracted Travel Management Centers.
       ``(2) Refund.--The term `refund' includes miscellaneous 
     receipts credited to the Department identified as a refund, 
     rebate, repayment, or other similar amounts collected.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 8 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 455 the following new 
     item:

``456. Managed travel program refunds.''.
       (c) Clarification on Retention of Travel Promotional 
     Items.--Section 1116(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 5 U.S.C. 5702 
     note) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Definition.--In this section, the term'' 
     and inserting the following: ``Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The term `general public' includes the Federal 
     Government or an agency.''.

     SEC. 607. ADDITION OF PARTIAL DISLOCATION ALLOWANCE TO 
                   ALLOWABLE TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES 
                   FOR SERVICEMEMBERS.

       (a) Current Authority.--Section 477(f)(1) of title 37, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking ``family''.
       (b) Future Authority.--Section 452(c) of title 37, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) A partial dislocation allowance paid to a member 
     ordered to occupy or vacate housing provided by the United 
     States.''.

     SEC. 608. REDUCTIONS ON ACCOUNT OF EARNINGS FROM WORK 
                   PERFORMED WHILE ENTITLED TO AN ANNUITY 
                   SUPPLEMENT.

       Section 8421a(c) of title 5, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``full-time as an air traffic control 
     instructor'' and inserting ``as an air traffic control 
     instructor, or supervisor thereof,''; and
       (2) by inserting ``or supervisor'' after ``an instructor''.

     SEC. 609. INCREASE IN BASIC PAY.

       Effective on January 1, 2020, the rates of monthly basic 
     pay for members of the uniformed services are increased by 
     3.1 percent.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

     SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND 
                   SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.

       (a) Authorities Relating To Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) 
     of title 37, United States Code, relating to income 
     replacement payments for reserve component members 
     experiencing extended and frequent mobilization for active 
     duty service, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
       (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care 
     Professionals.--The following sections of title 10, United 
     States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
       (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
     candidate accession program.
       (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
     loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
     Selected Reserve.
       (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 
     333(i) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2020''.
       (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special 
     Pay, Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following 
     sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2020'':
       (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
     enlisted members.
       (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
     officers.
       (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
     pay and bonus authorities for officers.
       (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
     pay authorities for officers in health professions.
       (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
     cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps.
       (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
       (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
     duty pay.
       (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
     proficiency bonus.
       (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
     members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
     high priority units.
       (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of 
     Basic Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 
     37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
     2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

     SEC. 621. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR EXCEPTIONAL 
                   TRANSITIONAL COMPENSATION FOR DEPENDENTS TO 
                   DEPENDENTS OF CURRENT MEMBERS.

       Section 1059(m) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Members or'' 
     after ``Dependents of'';
       (2) by inserting ``member or'' before ``former member'' 
     each place it appears;
       (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
       (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) For purposes of the provision of benefits under this 
     section pursuant to this subsection, a member shall be 
     considered separated from active duty upon the earliest of--
       ``(A) the date an administrative separation is initiated by 
     a commander of the member;
       ``(B) the date the court-martial sentence is adjudged if 
     the sentence, as adjudged, includes a dismissal, dishonorable 
     discharge, bad conduct discharge, or forfeiture of all pay 
     and allowances; or
       ``(C) the date the member's term of service expires.''.

     SEC. 622. PHASE-OUT OF REDUCTION OF SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN 
                   SURVIVOR ANNUITIES BY AMOUNT OF DEPENDENCY AND 
                   INDEMNITY COMPENSATION.

       (a) Phase-out.--Subchapter II of chapter 73 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended as follows:
       (1) In general.--In section 1450(c)(1)--
       (A) by striking ``that the annuity otherwise payable under 
     this section would exceed that compensation.'' and inserting 
     ``calculated as follows:''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(A) During the period beginning on January 1, 2020, and 
     ending on December 31, 2020, the amount that the annuity 
     otherwise payable under this section would exceed such 
     dependency and indemnity compensation.
       ``(B) During the period beginning on January 1, 2021, and 
     ending on December 31, 2021, the amount that the annuity 
     otherwise payable under this section would exceed two-thirds 
     of such dependency and indemnity compensation.
       ``(C) During the period beginning on January 1, 2022, and 
     ending on December 31, 2022, the amount that the annuity 
     otherwise payable under this section would exceed one-third 
     of such dependency and indemnity compensation.
       ``(D) On and after January 1, 2023, the full amount of the 
     annuity under this section.''.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--In section 1451(c)(2), by 
     inserting ``a portion (calculated under section 1450(c) of 
     this title) of'' before ``the amount''.
       (b) Prohibition on Retroactive Benefits.--No benefits may 
     be paid to any person for any period before the effective 
     date provided under subsection (f) by reason of the 
     amendments made by subsection (a).
       (c) Prohibition on Recoupment of Certain Amounts Previously 
     Refunded to SBP Recipients.--A surviving spouse who is or has 
     been in receipt of an annuity under the Survivor Benefit Plan 
     under subchapter II of chapter 73 of title 10, United States 
     Code, that is in effect before the effective date provided 
     under subsection (f) and that is adjusted by reason of the 
     amendments made by subsection (a) and who has received a 
     refund of retired pay under section 1450(e) of title 10, 
     United States Code, shall not be required to repay such 
     refund to the United States.
       (d) Repeal of Authority for Optional Annuity for Dependent 
     Children.--Section 1448(d)(2) of such title is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Dependent children.--'' and all that 
     follows through ``In the case of a member described in 
     paragraph (1),'' and inserting ``Dependent children.--In the 
     case of a member described in paragraph (1),''; and
       (2) by striking subparagraph (B).
       (e) Restoration of Eligibility for Previously Eligible 
     Spouses.--The Secretary of the military department concerned 
     shall restore annuity eligibility to any eligible surviving 
     spouse who, in consultation with the Secretary, previously 
     elected to transfer payment of such annuity to a surviving 
     child or children under the provisions of section 
     1448(d)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, as in effect 
     on the day before the effective date provided under 
     subsection (f). Such eligibility shall be restored whether or 
     not payment to such child or children subsequently was 
     terminated due to loss of dependent status or death. For the 
     purposes of this subsection, an eligible spouse includes a 
     spouse who was previously eligible for payment of such 
     annuity and is not remarried, or remarried after

[[Page H9458]]

     having attained age 55, or whose second or subsequent 
     marriage has been terminated by death, divorce or annulment.
       (f) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made 
     by this section shall take effect on the first day of the 
     first month that begins after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, except subsections (d) and (e) of this section and 
     the amendments made thereby shall take effect on January 1, 
     2023.

     SEC. 623. DEATH GRATUITY FOR ROTC GRADUATES.

       (a) In General.--Section 1475(a)(4) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding ``; or a graduate of a 
     reserve officers' training corps who has received a 
     commission but has yet to receive a first duty assignment; 
     or'' at the end.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment under subsection (a) 
     applies to deaths that occur on or after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 624. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL 
                   ASSISTANCE TO CIVILIAN PROVIDERS OF CHILD CARE 
                   SERVICES OR YOUTH PROGRAM SERVICES WHO PROVIDE 
                   SUCH SERVICES TO SURVIVORS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
                   ARMED FORCES WHO DIE IN COMBAT IN THE LINE OF 
                   DUTY.

       Section 1798(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by inserting ``, survivors of members of the armed forces who 
     die in combat-related incidents in the line of duty,'' after 
     ``armed forces''.

     SEC. 625. CASUALTY ASSISTANCE FOR SURVIVORS OF DECEASED ROTC 
                   GRADUATES.

       Section 633 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 1475 note) is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(c) ROTC Graduates.--
       ``(1) Treated as members.--For purposes of this section, a 
     graduate of a reserve officers' training corps who receives a 
     commission and who dies before receiving a first duty 
     assignment shall be treated as a member of the Armed Forces 
     who dies while on active duty.
       ``(2) Effective date.--This subsection applies to deaths on 
     or after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.''.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

     SEC. 631. DEFENSE RESALE SYSTEM MATTERS.

       (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Personnel and Readiness shall, in coordination with the Chief 
     Management Officer of the Department of Defense, maintain 
     oversight of business transformation efforts of the defense 
     commissary system and the exchange stores system in order to 
     ensure the following:
       (1) Development of an intercomponent business strategy that 
     maximizes efficiencies and results in a viable defense resale 
     system in the future.
       (2) Preservation of patron savings and satisfaction from 
     and in the defense commissary system and exchange stores 
     system.
       (3) Sustainment of financial support of the defense 
     commissary and exchange systems for morale, welfare, and 
     recreation (MWR) services of the Armed Forces.
       (b) Executive Resale Board Advice on Operations of 
     Systems.--The Executive Resale Board of the Department of 
     Defense shall advise the Under Secretary on the 
     implementation of sustainable, complementary operations of 
     the defense commissary system and the exchange stores system.
       (c) Information Technology Modernization.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall, acting through the Under Secretary and with 
     advice from the Executive Resale Board, require the Defense 
     Commissary Agency and the Military Exchange Service to do as 
     follows:
       (1) Field new technologies and best business practices for 
     information technology for the defense resale system.
       (2) Implement cutting-edge marketing opportunities across 
     the defense resale system.
       (d) Inclusion of Advertising in Operating Expenses of 
     Commissary Stores.--Section 2483(b) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
     paragraph:
       ``(7) Advertising of commissary sales on materials 
     available within commissary stores and at other on-base 
     locations.''.

     SEC. 632. PROCUREMENT BY COMMISSARY STORES OF CERTAIN LOCALLY 
                   SOURCED PRODUCTS.

       The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the dairy 
     products and fruits and vegetables procured for commissary 
     stores under the defense commissary system are, to the extent 
     practicable and while maintaining mandated patron savings, 
     locally sourced in order to ensure the availability of the 
     freshest possible dairy products and fruits and vegetables 
     for patrons of the stores.

     SEC. 633. GAO REVIEW OF DEFENSE RESALE OPTIMIZATION STUDY.

       (a) Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall conduct a review of the business case analysis 
     performed as part of the defense resale optimization study 
     conducted by the Reform Management Group, titled ``Study to 
     Determine the Feasibility of Consolidation of the Defense 
     Resale Entities'' and dated December 4, 2018.
       (b) Reports Required; Elements.--Not later than March 1, 
     2020, and June 1, 2020, the Comptroller General shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives an interim report and a final 
     report, respectively, regarding the review performed under 
     this section. Each report shall include evaluations of the 
     following:
       (1) The descriptions and justifications for the 
     assumptions, analytical choices and data used by the Reform 
     Management Group to calculate:
       (A) Pricing.
       (B) Sales assumptions.
       (C) Accuracy of methods employed to measure patron savings 
     levels.
       (2) The timetable for consolidation of military exchanges 
     and commissaries.
       (3) The recommendations for consolidation developed as part 
     of the business case analysis, including the overall cost of 
     consolidation.
       (4) The budget and oversight implications of merging non-
     appropriated funds and appropriated funds to implement the 
     recommended reforms.
       (5) The extent to which the Reform Management Group 
     coordinated with the Secretaries of the military departments 
     and the chiefs of the Armed Forces in preparing the study.
       (6) The extent to which the Reform Management Group 
     addressed concerns of the Secretaries of the military 
     departments and the chiefs of the Armed Forces in the study.
       (7) If the recommendations in the business case analysis 
     were implemented--
       (A) the ability of military exchanges and commissaries to 
     provide earnings to support on-base morale, welfare, and 
     recreation programs; and
       (B) the financial viability of the military exchanges and 
     commissaries.
       (c) Delay on Consolidation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     not take any action to consolidate military exchanges and 
     commissaries until the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives notify the Secretary 
     in writing of receipt and acceptance of the findings of the 
     Comptroller General in the reports required under this 
     section.

         Subtitle E--Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Privileges

     SEC. 641. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN MORALE, WELFARE, AND 
                   RECREATION PRIVILEGES TO FOREIGN SERVICE 
                   OFFICERS ON MANDATORY HOME LEAVE.

       (a) In General.--Section 1065 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as added by section 621 of the John S. McCain National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
     115-232), is amended--
       (1) in the heading, by striking ``veterans and caregivers 
     for veterans'' and inserting ``veterans, caregivers for 
     veterans, and Foreign Service officers'';
       (2) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
     (g) and (h), respectively;
       (3) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Eligibility of Foreign Service Officers on Mandatory 
     Home Leave.--A Foreign Service officer on mandatory home 
     leave may be permitted to use military lodging referred to in 
     subsection (h).''; and
       (4) in subsection (h), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
     adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(5) The term `Foreign Service officer' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 103 of the Foreign Service Act of 
     1980 (22 U.S.C. 3903).
       ``(6) The term `mandatory home leave' means leave under 
     section 903 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
     4083).''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on January 1, 2020, as if originally 
     incorporated in section 621 of Public Law 115-232.

     SEC. 642. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM ON A GOVERNMENT LODGING 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 914(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (5 U.S.C. 5911 note) is amended by striking ``December 
     31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.

                 Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 651. ANNUAL REPORTS ON APPROVAL OF EMPLOYMENT OR 
                   COMPENSATION OF RETIRED GENERAL OR FLAG 
                   OFFICERS BY FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS FOR EMOLUMENTS 
                   CLAUSE PURPOSES.

       (a) Annual Reports.--Section 908 of title 37, United States 
     Code is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Annual Reports on Approvals for Retired General and 
     Flag Officers.--Not later than January 31 each year, the 
     Secretaries of the military departments, after consulting 
     with the Secretary of State, shall jointly submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives a report on each approval under subsection 
     (b) for employment or compensation described in subsection 
     (a) for a retired member of the armed forces in general or 
     flag officer grade that was issued during the preceding 
     year.''.
       (b) Scope of First Report.--The first report submitted 
     pursuant to subsection (c) of section 908 of title 37, United 
     States Code (as amended by subsection (a) of this section), 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act shall cover the 
     five-year period ending with the year before the year in 
     which such report is submitted.

     SEC. 652. REPORT REGARDING TRANSITION FROM OVERSEAS HOUSING 
                   ALLOWANCE TO BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING FOR 
                   SERVICEMEMBERS IN THE TERRITORIES.

       Not later than February 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit a report to the congressional defense committees 
     regarding the recommendation of the Secretary whether members 
     of the uniformed services located in the territories of the 
     United States and who receive the overseas housing allowance 
     should instead receive the basic allowance for housing to 
     ensure the most appropriate housing compensation for such 
     members and their families.

     SEC. 653. REPORT ON EXTENSION TO MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
                   COMPONENTS OF THE ARMED FORCES OF SPECIAL AND 
                   INCENTIVE PAYS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                   NOT CURRENTLY PAYABLE TO MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
                   COMPONENTS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act,

[[Page H9459]]

     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report setting forth the results of a 
     study, conducted by the Secretary for purposes of the report, 
     on the feasability and advisability of paying eligible 
     members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces any 
     special or incentive pay for members of the Armed Forces that 
     is not currently payable to members of the reserve 
     components.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     set forth the following:
       (1) An estimate of the yearly cost of paying members of the 
     reserve components risk pay and flight pay under sections 
     334, 334a, and 351 of title 37, United States Code, at the 
     same rate as members on active duty, regardless of the number 
     of periods of instruction or appropriate duty participated 
     in, so long as there is at least one such period of 
     instruction or appropriate duty in the month.
       (2) A statement of the number of members of the reserve 
     components who qualify or potentially qualify for hazardous 
     duty incentive pay based on current professions or required 
     duties, broken out by hazardous duty categories set forth in 
     section 351 of title 37, United States Code.
       (3) If the Secretary determines that payment to eligible 
     members of the reserve components of any special or incentive 
     pay for members of the Armed Forces that is not currently 
     payable to members of the reserve components is feasible and 
     advisable, such recommendations as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate for legislative or administrative action to 
     authorize such payment.

     SEC. 654. STUDY REGARDING RECOUPMENT OF SEPARATION PAY, 
                   SPECIAL SEPARATION BENEFITS, AND VOLUNTARY 
                   SEPARATION INCENTIVE PAYMENTS FROM MEMBERS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES AND VETERANS WHO RECEIVE 
                   DISABILITY COMPENSATION UNDER LAWS ADMINISTERED 
                   BY THE SECRETARY OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
     the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall conduct a study to 
     determine, with regards to members of the Armed Forces and 
     veterans whose separation pay, special separation benefits, 
     and voluntary separation incentive payments either Secretary 
     recoups because such members and veterans subsequently 
     receive disability compensation under laws administered by 
     the Secretary of Veterans Affairs--
       (1) how many such members and veterans are affected by such 
     recoupment; and
       (2) the aggregated amount of additional money such members 
     and veterans would receive but for such recoupment.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than September 30, 2020, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services and Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House 
     of Representatives a report regarding the results of the 
     study under subsection (a).

     SEC. 655. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MILITARY RETIREMENT FUND 
                   BASED ON PAY COSTS PER ARMED FORCE RATHER THAN 
                   ON ARMED FORCES-WIDE BASIS.

       (a) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries of the military departments, submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report setting forth a 
     plan for the implementation of the amendments described in 
     paragraph (2) as if such amendments would apply with respect 
     to determinations of contributions to the Department of 
     Defense Military Retirement Fund under chapter 74 of title 
     10, United States Code, and payments into the Fund, beginning 
     with fiscal year 2025.
       (2) Covered amendments.--The amendments described in this 
     paragraph are the amendments proposed to be made by section 
     631 of S.1790 of the 116th Congress, as reported to the 
     Senate by the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate on 
     June 11, 2019.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A plan to implement the amendments described in 
     paragraph (2) of subsection (a) in the manner described in 
     paragraph (1) of that subsection.
       (2) A timeline for actions required to implement such 
     amendments in that manner.
       (3) An assessment of the impact of the implementation of 
     such amendments in that manner on each of the following:
       (A) The budgeting of the military departments.
       (B) The efforts of the Department of Defense to achieve 
     audits of its financial statements.
       (C) Decisions on military manning of the Armed Forces.
       (D) The cost and complexity of tracking contributions to 
     the Department of Defense Military Retirement Fund.

     SEC. 656. REPORT ON FOOD INSECURITY AMONG MEMBERS OF THE 
                   ARMED FORCES AND THEIR DEPENDENTS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on food insecurity among members of the Armed Forces 
     and their dependents.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) An assessment of the current extent of food insecurity 
     among members of the Armed Forces and their dependents, 
     including a description and analysis of the following:
       (A) Use of food assistance by members and their dependents, 
     as revealed in data of the Department of Defense and other 
     data available to the Department.
       (B) Use of free and reduced price school meals by 
     dependents.
       (C) Use of food banks or similar assistance by members and 
     their dependents.
       (2) A description and assessment of the barriers, if any, 
     to qualification for or access to adequate food assistance of 
     any type by members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.
       (3) A description of the number of members of the Armed 
     Forces overseas who enrolled in the Family Supplemental 
     Subsistence Allowance (FSSA) program under section 402a of 
     title 37, United States Code, during the five-fiscal year 
     period ending with fiscal year 2019, and of the cost to the 
     Department of such enrollment during each fiscal year 
     concerned.
       (4) An assessment of the effectiveness of the Family 
     Supplemental Subsistence Allowance program for members of the 
     Armed Forces overseas.
       (5) A description and assessment of the participation of 
     members of the Armed Forces in the Supplemental Nutrition 
     Assistance Program (SNAP), including with respect to the 
     following:
       (A) Coordination between the Department of Defense and the 
     Department of Agriculture for purposes of determining the 
     numbers of members currently participating in the program.
       (B) Career stigma for members resulting from participation 
     in the program.
       (C) Adverse consequences for member personal financial 
     management resulting from participation in the program.
       (D) Other support available to and used by members to meet 
     basic needs requirements.
       (6) An assessment of food insecurity among members of the 
     Armed Forces who reside in on-post housing (and thus do not 
     receive basic allowance for housing (BAH)) and their 
     dependents, including eligibility of such members for and 
     participation of such members in the Supplemental Nutrition 
     Assistance Program.
       (7) An assessment of the feasability and advisability of a 
     basic needs allowance for low-income members of the Armed 
     Forces (including an allowance calculated both with and 
     without basic allowance for housing included in the 
     determination of member gross household income), including 
     with respect to the following:
       (A) The maximum member gross household income for 
     eligibility for the allowance.
       (B) The number of members who would be eligible for the 
     allowance.
       (C) The optimal average annual amount of the allowance.
       (D) The total annual cost of paying the allowance.
       (E) Whether particular geographic locations would include 
     large number of members eligible for the allowance.
       (F) The effects of payment of the allowance on recruitment 
     and retention of members, and on member morale and conduct.
       (8) Any other recommendations for policies, programs, and 
     activities to address food insecurity among members of the 
     Armed Forces and their dependents that the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select for 
              certain members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 702. TRICARE payment options for retirees and their dependents.
Sec. 703. Lead level screening and testing for children.
Sec. 704. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals or 
              other airborne contaminants as part of periodic health 
              assessments and other physical examinations.
Sec. 705. Enhancement of recordkeeping with respect to exposure by 
              members of the Armed Forces to certain occupational and 
              environmental hazards while deployed overseas.
Sec. 706. Modifications to post-deployment mental health assessments 
              for members of the Armed Forces deployed in support of a 
              contingency operation.
Sec. 707. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of 
              Defense to determine exposure to perfluoroalkyl and 
              polyfluoroalkyl substances.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of organization of military health system.
Sec. 712. Support by military health system of medical requirements of 
              combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Requirements for certain prescription drug labels.
Sec. 714. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.
Sec. 715. Improvements to interagency program office of the Department 
              of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 716. Expansion of strategy to improve acquisition of managed care 
              support contracts under TRICARE program.
Sec. 717. Inclusion of blast exposure history in medical records of 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive policy for provision of mental health care to 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 719. Limitation on the realignment or reduction of military 
              medical manning end strength.
Sec. 720. Strategy to recruit and retain mental health providers.
Sec. 721. Development of partnerships to improve combat casualty care 
              for personnel of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 722. Modification to referrals for mental health services.

[[Page H9460]]

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Authorization of claims by members of the uniformed services 
              against the United States for personal injury or death 
              caused by medical malpractice.
Sec. 732. Extension and clarification of authority for Joint Department 
              of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical 
              Facility Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 733. Appointment of non-ex officio members of the Henry M. Jackson 
              Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.
Sec. 734. Establishment of Academic Health System in National Capital 
              Region.
Sec. 735. Provision of veterinary services by veterinary professionals 
              of the Department of Defense in emergencies.
Sec. 736. Three-year extension of authority to continue the DOD-VA 
              Health Care Sharing Incentive Fund.
Sec. 737. Preservation of resources of the Army Medical Research and 
              Materiel Command and continuation as Center of 
              Excellence.
Sec. 738. Encouragement of participation in Women's Health Transition 
              Training pilot program.
Sec. 739. National Guard suicide prevention pilot program.
Sec. 740. Pilot Program on civilian and military partnerships to 
              enhance interoperability and medical surge capability and 
              capacity of National Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 741. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
              suicide prevention programs and activities of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 742. Modification of requirements for longitudinal medical study 
              on blast pressure exposure of members of the Armed Forces 
              and collection of exposure information.
Sec. 743. Study and plan on the use of military-civilian integrated 
              health delivery systems.
Sec. 744. Study on case management in the military health system.
Sec. 745. Report on Global Health Security Strategy and the National 
              Biodefense Security.
Sec. 746. Study on establishment of wounded warrior service dog 
              program.
Sec. 747. GAO report on Department of Defense quality assurance program 
              and impacts of medical malpractice actions.
Sec. 748. Reports on Millennium Cohort Study relating to women members 
              of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 749. Study on effects of sleep deprivation on readiness of members 
              of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 750. Study and report on traumatic brain injury mitigation 
              efforts.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

     SEC. 701. MODIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR TRICARE RESERVE 
                   SELECT FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED 
                   RESERVE.

       Section 1076d(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Paragraph (1) does not apply'' and 
     inserting ``During the period preceding January 1, 2030, 
     paragraph (1) does not apply''.

     SEC. 702. TRICARE PAYMENT OPTIONS FOR RETIREES AND THEIR 
                   DEPENDENTS.

       (a) In General.--Section 1099 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) Payment Options.--(1) A member or former member of 
     the uniformed services, or a dependent thereof, eligible for 
     medical care and dental care under section 1074(b) or 1076 of 
     this title shall pay a premium for coverage under this 
     chapter.
       ``(2) To the maximum extent practicable, a premium owed by 
     a member, former member, or dependent under paragraph (1) 
     shall be withheld from the retired, retainer, or equivalent 
     pay of the member, former member, or dependent. In all other 
     cases, a premium shall be paid in a frequency and method 
     determined by the Secretary.''.
       (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Conforming amendments.--Section 1097a of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (c); and
       (B) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) as 
     subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively.
       (2) Heading amendments.--
       (A) Automatic enrollments.--The heading for section 1097a 
     of such title is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1097a. TRICARE Prime: automatic enrollments''.

       (B) Enrollment system and payment options.--The heading for 
     section 1099 of such title is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1099. Health care enrollment system and payment 
       options''.

       (3) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 55 of such title is amended--
       (A) by striking the item relating to section 1097a and 
     inserting the following new item:

``1097a. TRICARE Prime: automatic enrollments.''; and
       (B) by striking the item relating to section 1099 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``1099. Health care enrollment system and payment options.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply to health care coverage beginning on or after 
     January 1, 2021.

     SEC. 703. LEAD LEVEL SCREENING AND TESTING FOR CHILDREN.

       (a) Comprehensive Screening, Testing, and Reporting 
     Guidelines.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
     clinical practice guidelines for health care providers 
     employed by the Department of Defense on screening, testing, 
     and reporting of blood lead levels in children.
       (2) Use of cdc recommendations.--Guidelines established 
     under paragraph (1) shall reflect recommendations made by the 
     Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with respect to 
     the screening, testing, and reporting of blood lead levels in 
     children.
       (3) Dissemination of guidelines.--Not later than one year 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
     shall disseminate the clinical practice guidelines 
     established under paragraph (1) to health care providers of 
     the Department of Defense.
       (b) Care Provided in Accordance With CDC Guidance.--The 
     Secretary shall ensure that any care provided by the 
     Department of Defense to a child for an elevated blood lead 
     level shall be carried out in accordance with applicable 
     guidance issued by the Centers for Disease Control and 
     Prevention.
       (c) Sharing of Results of Testing.--
       (1) In general.--With respect to a child who receives from 
     the Department of Defense a test for an elevated blood lead 
     level--
       (A) the Secretary shall provide the results of the test to 
     the parent or guardian of the child; and
       (B) notwithstanding any requirements for the 
     confidentiality of health information under the Health 
     Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (Public 
     Law 104-191), if the results of the test show an abnormal 
     blood lead level or elevated blood lead level, the Secretary 
     shall provide those results and the address at which the 
     child resides to--
       (i) the relevant health department of the State in which 
     the child resides if the child resides in the United States; 
     or
       (ii) if the child resides outside the United States--

       (I) the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;
       (II) the appropriate authority of the country in which the 
     child resides; and
       (III) the primary provider of health care for the child for 
     follow-up.

       (2) State defined.--In this subsection, the term ``State'' 
     means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, 
     the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or 
     possession of the United States.
       (d) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
     detailing, with respect to the period beginning on the date 
     of the enactment of this Act and ending on the date of the 
     report, the following:
       (1) The number of children who were tested by the 
     Department of Defense for the level of lead in the blood of 
     the child, and of such number, the number who were found to 
     have an elevated blood lead level.
       (2) The number of children who were screened by the 
     Department of Defense for an elevated risk of lead exposure.
       (e) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than January 1, 
     2022, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report on the effectiveness of 
     screening and testing for lead exposure and elevated blood 
     lead levels under chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code.
       (f) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``abnormal 
     blood lead level'' and ``elevated blood lead level'' have the 
     meanings given those terms by the Centers for Disease Control 
     and Prevention.

     SEC. 704. EXPOSURE TO OPEN BURN PITS AND TOXIC AIRBORNE 
                   CHEMICALS OR OTHER AIRBORNE CONTAMINANTS AS 
                   PART OF PERIODIC HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND OTHER 
                   PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS.

       (a) Periodic Health Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall ensure that any periodic health assessment provided to 
     members of the Armed Forces includes an evaluation of whether 
     the member has been--
       (1) based or stationed at a location where an open burn pit 
     was used; or
       (2) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne 
     contaminants, including any information recorded as part of 
     the Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry.
       (b) Separation History and Physical Examinations.--Section 
     1145(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that each 
     physical examination of a member under subparagraph (A) 
     includes an assessment of whether the member was--
       ``(i) based or stationed at a location where an open burn 
     pit, as defined in subsection (c) of section 201 of the 
     Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act 
     of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note), was used; 
     or
       ``(ii) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
     airborne contaminants, including any information recorded as 
     part of the registry established by the Secretary of Veterans 
     Affairs under such section 201.''.
       (c) Deployment Assessments.--Section 1074f(b)(2) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subparagraph:

[[Page H9461]]

       ``(D) An assessment of whether the member was--
       ``(i) based or stationed at a location where an open burn 
     pit, as defined in subsection (c) of section 201 of the 
     Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act 
     of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note), was used; 
     or
       ``(ii) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
     airborne contaminants, including any information recorded as 
     part of the registry established by the Secretary of Veterans 
     Affairs under such section 201.''.
       (d) Sharing of Information.--
       (1) DOD-VA.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs shall jointly enter into a memorandum of 
     understanding providing for the sharing by the Department of 
     Defense with the Department of Veterans Affairs of the 
     results of covered evaluations regarding the exposure by a 
     member of the Armed Forces to toxic airborne chemicals or 
     other airborne contaminants.
       (2) Registry.--If a covered evaluation of a member of the 
     Armed Forces establishes that the member was based or 
     stationed at a location where an open burn pit was used or 
     that the member was exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or 
     other airborne contaminants, the member shall be enrolled in 
     the Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry unless the 
     member elects to not so enroll.
       (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
     construed to preclude eligibility for benefits under the laws 
     administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs by reason 
     of the open burn pit exposure history of a veteran not being 
     recorded in a covered evaluation.
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit 
     Registry'' means the registry established by the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs under section 201 of the Dignified Burial 
     and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public 
     Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note).
       (2) The term ``covered evaluation'' means--
       (A) a periodic health assessment conducted in accordance 
     with subsection (a);
       (B) a separation history and physical examination conducted 
     under section 1145(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code, as 
     amended by this section; and
       (C) a deployment assessment conducted under section 
     1074f(b)(2) of such title, as amended by this section.
       (3) The term ``open burn pit'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 201(c) of the Dignified Burial and Other 
     Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-
     260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note).

     SEC. 705. ENHANCEMENT OF RECORDKEEPING WITH RESPECT TO 
                   EXPOSURE BY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO 
                   CERTAIN OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS 
                   WHILE DEPLOYED OVERSEAS.

       (a) Inclusion in Medical Tracking System of Occupational 
     and Environmental Health Risks in Deployment Area.--
       (1) Elements of medical tracking system.--Subsection 
     (b)(1)(A) of section 1074f of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(iv) accurately record any exposure to occupational and 
     environmental health risks during the course of their 
     deployment.''.
       (2) Recordkeeping.--Subsection (c) of such section is 
     amended by inserting after ``deployment area'' the following: 
     ``(including the results of any assessment performed by the 
     Secretary of occupational and environmental health risks for 
     such area)''.
       (b) Postdeployment Medical Examination and Reassessments.--
     Section 1074f of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
     subsection (a), is further amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(g) Additional Requirements for Postdeployment Medical 
     Examinations and Health Reassessments.--(1) The Secretary of 
     Defense shall standardize and make available to a provider 
     that conducts a postdeployment medical examination or 
     reassessment under the system described in subsection (a) 
     questions relating to occupational and environmental health 
     exposure.
       ``(2) The Secretary, to the extent practicable, shall 
     ensure that the medical record of a member includes 
     information on the external cause relating to a diagnosis of 
     the member, including by associating an external cause code 
     (as issued under the International Statistical Classification 
     of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (or 
     any successor revision)).''.
       (c) Access to Information in Burn Pit Registry.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
     all medical personnel of the Department of Defense have 
     access to the information contained in the burn pit registry.
       (2) Burn pit registry defined.--In this subsection, the 
     term ``burn pit registry'' means the registry established 
     under section 201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' 
     Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 
     U.S.C. 527 note).

     SEC. 706. MODIFICATIONS TO POST-DEPLOYMENT MENTAL HEALTH 
                   ASSESSMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                   DEPLOYED IN SUPPORT OF A CONTINGENCY OPERATION.

       (a) Required Assessments.--Section 1074m(a)(1) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking subparagraphs (C) 
     and (D) and inserting the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(C) Subject to paragraph (3) and subsection (d), once 
     during the period beginning on the date of redeployment from 
     the contingency operation and ending on the date that is 21 
     days after the date on which the post-deployment leave of the 
     member terminates.
       ``(D) Subject to subsection (d), not less than once 
     annually--
       ``(i) beginning 21 days after the date on which the post-
     deployment leave of the member terminates; or
       ``(ii) if the assessment required by subparagraph (C) is 
     performed during the period specified in paragraph (3), 
     beginning 180 days after the date of redeployment from the 
     contingency operation.''.
       (b) Exceptions.--Section 1074m(a) of such title, as amended 
     by subsection (a), is further amended by striking paragraph 
     (2) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
       ``(2) A mental health assessment is not required for a 
     member of the armed forces under subparagraphs (C) and (D) of 
     paragraph (1) (including an assessment performed pursuant to 
     paragraph (3)) if the Secretary determines that providing 
     such assessment to the member during the time periods under 
     such subparagraphs would remove the member from forward 
     deployment or put members or operational objectives at risk.
       ``(3) A mental health assessment required under 
     subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1) may be provided during the 
     period beginning 90 days after the date of redeployment from 
     the contingency operation and ending 180 days after such 
     redeployment date if the Secretary determines that--
       ``(A) an insufficient number of personnel are available to 
     perform the assessment during the time period under such 
     subparagraph; or
       ``(B) an administrative processing issue exists upon the 
     return of the member to the home unit or duty station that 
     would prohibit the effective performance of the assessment 
     during such time period.''.
       (c) Elimination of Sunset for Assessments During 
     Deployment.--Section 1074m(a)(1)(B) of such title is amended 
     by striking ``Until January 1, 2019, once'' and inserting 
     ``Once''.
       (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) 
     and (b) shall apply with respect to a date of redeployment 
     that is on or after January 1, 2020.

     SEC. 707. PROVISION OF BLOOD TESTING FOR FIREFIGHTERS OF 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO DETERMINE EXPOSURE TO 
                   PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

       (a) In General.--Beginning on October 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall provide blood testing to determine 
     and document potential exposure to perfluoroalkyl and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances (commonly known as ``PFAS'') for 
     each firefighter of the Department of Defense during the 
     annual physical exam conducted by the Department for each 
     such firefighter.
       (b) Firefighter Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``firefighter'' means someone whose primary job or military 
     occupational specialty is being a firefighter.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

     SEC. 711. MODIFICATION OF ORGANIZATION OF MILITARY HEALTH 
                   SYSTEM.

       (a) Administration of Military Medical Treatment 
     Facilities.--Subsection (a) of section 1073c of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D), (E), 
     and (F) as subparagraphs (C), (D), (E), (G), (H), and (I), 
     respectively;
       (B) by inserting before subparagraph (C), as redesignated 
     by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the following new 
     subparagraphs:
       ``(A) provision and delivery of health care within each 
     such facility;
       ``(B) management of privileging, scope of practice, and 
     quality of health care provided within each such facility;''; 
     and
       (C) by inserting after subparagraph (E), as so 
     redesignated, the following new subparagraph:
       ``(F) supply and equipment;'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (D), (E), (F), and (G) 
     as subparagraphs (E), (F), (H), and (I), respectively;
       (B) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new 
     subparagraph (D):
       ``(D) to identify the capacity of each military medical 
     treatment facility to support clinical readiness standards of 
     health care providers established by the Secretary of a 
     military department or the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Health Affairs;'' and
       (C) by striking subparagraph (F), as redesignated by 
     subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, and inserting the 
     following new subparagraphs:
       ``(F) to determine, in coordination with each Secretary of 
     a military department, manning, including joint manning, 
     assigned to military medical treatment facilities and 
     intermediary organizations;
       ``(G) to select, after considering nominations from the 
     Secretaries of the military departments, commanders or 
     directors of military medical treatment facilities;''; and
       (3) in paragraph (3)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by inserting ``on behalf of the military departments,'' 
     before ``ensuring''; and
       (ii) by striking ``and civilian employees''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``on behalf of the 
     Defense Health Agency,'' before ``furnishing''.
       (b) DHA Assistant Director.--Subsection (b)(2) of such 
     section is amended by striking ``equivalent education and 
     experience'' and all that follows and inserting ``the 
     education and experience to perform the responsibilities of 
     the position.''.
       (c) DHA Deputy Assistant Directors.--Subsection (c) of such 
     section is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``across the military 
     health system'' and inserting ``at military medical treatment 
     facilities''; and

[[Page H9462]]

       (2) in paragraph (4)(B), by inserting ``at military medical 
     treatment facilities'' before the period at the end.
       (d) Treatment of Department of Defense for Purposes of 
     Personnel Assignment.--Such section is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Treatment of Department of Defense for Purposes of 
     Personnel Assignment.--In implementing this section--
       ``(1) the Department of Defense shall be considered a 
     single agency for purposes of civilian personnel assignment 
     under title 5; and
       ``(2) the Secretary of Defense may reassign any employee of 
     a component of the Department of Defense or a military 
     department in a position in the civil service (as defined in 
     section 2101 of title 5) to any other component of the 
     Department of Defense or military department.''.
       (e) Military Medical Treatment Facility.--Subsection (g) of 
     such section, as redesignated by subsection (d)(1), is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) The term `military medical treatment facility' 
     means--
       ``(A) any fixed facility of the Department of Defense that 
     is outside of a deployed environment and used primarily for 
     health care; and
       ``(B) any other location used for purposes of providing 
     health care services as designated by the Secretary of 
     Defense.''.
       (f) Technical Amendments.--Subsection (a) of such section 
     is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraph (4)'' and 
     inserting ``paragraph (5)'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6);
       (3) by redesignating the first paragraph (4) as paragraph 
     (5); and
       (4) by moving the second paragraph (4) so as to appear 
     before paragraph (5), as redesignated by paragraph (3) of 
     this subsection.

     SEC. 712. SUPPORT BY MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM OF MEDICAL 
                   REQUIREMENTS OF COMBATANT COMMANDS.

       (a) In General.--Section 712 of the John S. McCain National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
     115-232) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
     follows:
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
     through the Secretaries of the military departments, the 
     Defense Health Agency, and the Joint Staff, implement an 
     organizational framework of the military health system that 
     effectively and efficiently implements chapter 55 of title 
     10, United States Code, to maximize the readiness of the 
     medical force, promote interoperability, and integrate 
     medical capabilities of the Armed Forces in order to enhance 
     joint military medical operations in support of requirements 
     of the combatant commands.'';
       (2) in subsection (e), by redesignating paragraphs (2) and 
     (3) as paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively, and by moving 
     such paragraphs so as to appear at the end of subsection (d);
       (3) by striking subsection (e), as amended by paragraph (2) 
     of this subsection;
       (4) by redesignating subsections (b) through (d) as 
     subsections (c) through (e), respectively;
       (5) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsection (b):
       ``(b) Additional Duties of Surgeons General of the Armed 
     Forces.--The Surgeons General of the Armed Forces shall have 
     the following duties:
       ``(1) To ensure the readiness for operational deployment of 
     medical and dental personnel and deployable medical or dental 
     teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
       ``(2) To meet medical readiness standards, subject to 
     standards and metrics established by the Assistant Secretary 
     of Defense for Health Affairs.
       ``(3) With respect to uniformed medical and dental 
     personnel of the military department concerned--
       ``(A) to assign such personnel--
       ``(i) primarily to military medical treatment facilities, 
     under the operational control of the commander or director of 
     the facility; or
       ``(ii) secondarily to partnerships with civilian or other 
     medical facilities for training activities specific to such 
     military department; and
       ``(B) to maintain readiness of such personnel for 
     operational deployment.
       ``(4) To provide logistical support for operational 
     deployment of medical and dental personnel and deployable 
     medical or dental teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed 
     Forces concerned.
       ``(5) To oversee mobilization and demobilization in 
     connection with the operational deployment of medical and 
     dental personnel of the Armed Force or Armed Forces 
     concerned.
       ``(6) To develop operational medical capabilities required 
     to support the warfighter, and to develop policy relating to 
     such capabilities.
       ``(7) To provide health professionals to serve in 
     leadership positions across the military healthcare system.
       ``(8) To deliver operational clinical services under the 
     operational control of the combatant commands--
       ``(A) on ships and planes; and
       ``(B) on installations outside of military medical 
     treatment facilities.
       ``(9) To manage privileging, scope of practice, and quality 
     of health care in the settings described in paragraph (8).'';
       (6) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of 
     this subsection--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Agency'' 
     before ``Regions''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the paragraph heading, by inserting ``Agency'' 
     before ``regions''; and
       (ii) by striking ``defense health'' and inserting ``Defense 
     Health Agency'';
       (7) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of 
     this subsection--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Agency'' 
     before ``Regions'';
       (B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``defense health'' and inserting ``Defense Health Agency''; 
     and
       (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
     inserting ``subsection (c)''; and
       (8) in subsection (e), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of 
     this subsection--
       (A) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
     departments shall coordinate with the Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff to direct resources allocated to the military 
     departments to support requirements related to readiness and 
     operational medicine support that are established by the 
     combatant commands and validated by the Joint Staff.''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), in the matter preceding clause 
     (i), by striking ``Based on'' and all that follows through 
     ``shall--'' and inserting ``The Director of the Defense 
     Health Agency, in coordination with the Assistant Secretary 
     of Defense for Health Affairs, shall--'';
       (B) in paragraph (3), as moved and redesignated by 
     paragraph (2) of this subsection, in the second sentence--
       (i) by inserting ``primarily'' before ``through''; and
       (ii) by inserting``, in coordination with the Secretaries 
     of the military departments,'' after ``the Defense Health 
     Agency''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) Manpower.--
       ``(A) Administrative control of military personnel.--Each 
     Secretary of a military department shall exercise 
     administrative control of members of the Armed Forces 
     assigned to military medical treatment facilities, including 
     personnel assignment and issuance of military orders.
       ``(B) Oversight of certain personnel by the director of the 
     defense health agency.--In situations in which members of the 
     Armed Forces provide health care services at a military 
     medical treatment facility, the Director of the Defense 
     Health Agency shall maintain operational control over such 
     members and oversight for the provision of care delivered by 
     such members through policies, procedures, and privileging 
     responsibilities of the military medical treatment 
     facility.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading for section 712 of the 
     John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 712. SUPPORT BY MILITARY HEALTHCARE SYSTEM OF MEDICAL 
                   REQUIREMENTS OF COMBATANT COMMANDS.''.

       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents for such Act 
     is amended by striking the item relating to section 712 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 712. Support by military healthcare system of medical 
              requirements of combatant commands.''.

     SEC. 713. REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELS.

       (a) Requirement.--Section 1074g of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as subsections 
     (i) and (j), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
     subsection (h):
       ``(h) Labeling.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
     drugs made available through the facilities of the armed 
     forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary include labels 
     and other labeling that are in compliance with the 
     requirements of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 
     U.S.C. 301 et seq.).''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (b)(1) of such 
     section is amended by striking ``under subsection (h)'' and 
     inserting ``under subsection (j)''.
       (c) Implementation.--Beginning not later than 90 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall implement subsection (h) of section 1074g of 
     title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).

     SEC. 714. OFFICERS AUTHORIZED TO COMMAND ARMY DENTAL UNITS.

       Section 7081(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``Dental Corps Officer'' and inserting 
     ``commissioned officer of the Army Medical Department''.

     SEC. 715. IMPROVEMENTS TO INTERAGENCY PROGRAM OFFICE OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   VETERANS AFFAIRS.

       (a) Leadership.--Subsection (c) of section 1635 of the 
     Wounded Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 
     U.S.C. 1071 note) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(c) Leadership.--
       ``(1) Director.--The Director of the Office shall be the 
     head of the Office.
       ``(2) Deputy director.--The Deputy Director of the Office 
     shall be the deputy head of the Office and shall assist the 
     Director in carrying out the duties of the Director.
       ``(3) Reporting.--The Director shall report directly to the 
     Deputy Secretary of Defense and the Deputy Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs.
       ``(4) Appointments.--
       ``(A) Director.--The Director shall be appointed by the 
     Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the Secretary 
     of Veterans Affairs, for a fixed term of four years. For the 
     subsequent term, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, with the 
     concurrence of the Secretary of Defense, shall appoint the 
     Director for a fixed term of four years, and thereafter, the 
     appointment

[[Page H9463]]

     of the Director for a fixed term of four years shall 
     alternate between the Secretaries.
       ``(B) Deputy director.--The Deputy Director shall be 
     appointed by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, with the 
     concurrence of the Secretary of Defense, for a fixed term of 
     four years. For the subsequent term, the Secretary of 
     Defense, with the concurrence of the Secretary of Veterans 
     Affairs, shall appoint the Deputy Director for a fixed term 
     of four years, and thereafter, the appointment of the Deputy 
     Director for a fixed term of four years shall alternate 
     between the Secretaries
       ``(C) Minimum qualifications.--The Secretary of Defense and 
     the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall jointly develop 
     qualification requirements for the Director and the Deputy 
     Director. Such requirements shall ensure that, at a minimum, 
     the Director and Deputy Director, individually or together, 
     meet the following qualifications:
       ``(i) Significant experience at a senior management level 
     fielding enterprise-wide technology in a health care setting, 
     or business systems in the public or private sector.
       ``(ii) Credentials for enterprise-wide program management.
       ``(iii) Significant experience leading implementation of 
     complex organizational change by integrating the input of 
     experts from various disciplines, such as clinical, business, 
     management, informatics, and technology.
       ``(5) Succession.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall jointly develop a 
     leadership succession process for the Office.
       ``(6) Additional guidance.--The Department of Veterans 
     Affairs-Department of Defense Joint Executive Committee may 
     provide guidance in the discharge of the functions of the 
     Office under this section.
       ``(7) Information to congress.--Upon request by any of the 
     appropriate committees of Congress, the Director and the 
     Deputy Director shall testify before such committee, or 
     provide a briefing or otherwise provide requested information 
     to such committee, regarding the discharge of the functions 
     of the Office under this section.''.
       (b) Authority.--Paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of such 
     section is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     sentence: ``The Office shall carry out decision making 
     authority delegated to the Office by the Secretary of Defense 
     and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs with respect to the 
     definition, coordination, and management of functional, 
     technical, and programmatic activities that are jointly used, 
     carried out, and shared by the Departments.''.
       (c) Purposes.--Paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of such 
     section is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subparagraphs:
       ``(C) To develop and implement a comprehensive 
     interoperability strategy, which shall include--
       ``(i) the Electronic Health Record Modernization Program of 
     the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
       ``(ii) the Healthcare Management System Modernization 
     Program of the Department of Defense.
       ``(D) To pursue the highest level of interoperability for 
     the delivery of health care by the Department of Defense and 
     the Department of Veterans Affairs.
       ``(E) To accelerate the exchange of health care information 
     between the Departments, and advances in the health 
     information technology marketplace, in order to support the 
     delivery of health care by the Departments.
       ``(F) To collect the operational and strategic requirements 
     of the Departments relating to the strategy under subsection 
     (a) and communicate such requirements and activities to the 
     Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information 
     Technology of the Department of Health and Human Services for 
     the purpose of implementing title IV of the 21st Century 
     Cures Act (division A of Public Law 114-255), and the 
     amendments made by that title, and other objectives of the 
     Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information 
     Technology.
       ``(G) To plan for and effectuate the broadest possible 
     implementation of standards, specifically with respect to the 
     Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources standard or 
     successor standard, the evolution of such standards, and the 
     obsolescence of such standards.
       ``(H) To actively engage with national and international 
     health standards setting organizations, including by taking 
     membership in such organizations, to ensure that standards 
     established by such organizations meet the needs of the 
     Departments pursuant to the strategy under subsection (a), 
     and oversee and approve adoption of and mapping to such 
     standards by the Departments.
       ``(I) To express the content and format of health data of 
     the Departments using a common language to improve the 
     exchange of data between the Departments and with the private 
     sector, and to ensure that clinicians of the Departments have 
     access to integrated, computable, comprehensive health 
     records of patients.
       ``(J) To inform the Chief Information Officer of the 
     Department of Defense and the Chief Information Officer of 
     the Department of Veterans Affairs of any activities of the 
     Office affecting or relevant to cybersecurity.
       ``(K) To establish an environment that will enable and 
     encourage the adoption by the Departments of innovative 
     technologies for health care delivery.
       ``(L) To leverage data integration to advance health 
     research and develop an evidence base for the health care 
     programs of the Departments.
       ``(M) To prioritize the use of open systems architecture by 
     the Departments.
       ``(N) To ensure ownership and control by patients of 
     personal health information and data in a manner consistent 
     with applicable law.
       ``(O) To prevent contractors of the Departments or other 
     non-departmental entities from owning or having exclusive 
     control over patient health data, for the purposes of 
     protecting patient privacy and enhancing opportunities for 
     innovation.
       ``(P) To implement a single lifetime longitudinal personal 
     health record between the Department of Defense and the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs.
       ``(Q) To attain interoperability capabilities--
       ``(i) sufficient to enable the provision of seamless health 
     care by health care facilities and providers of the 
     Departments, as well as private sector facilities and 
     providers contracted by the Departments; and
       ``(ii) that are more adaptable and far reaching than those 
     achievable through biodirectional information exchange 
     between electronic health records of the exchange of read-
     only data alone.
       ``(R) To make maximum use of open-application program 
     interfaces and the Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources 
     standard (or successor standard).''.
       (d) Implementation Milestones.--Subsection (e) of such 
     section is amended to read as follows:
       ``(e) Implementation Milestones.--
       ``(1) Evaluation.--With respect to the electronic health 
     record systems of the Department of Defense and the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs, the Office shall seek to 
     enter into an agreement with an independent entity to conduct 
     an evaluation by not later than October 1, 2021 of the 
     following:
       ``(A) Whether a clinician of the Department of Defense, can 
     access, and meaningfully interact with, a complete patient 
     health record of a veteran, from a military medical treatment 
     facility.
       ``(B) Whether a clinician of the Department of Veterans 
     Affairs can access, and meaningfully interact with, a 
     complete patient health record of a member of the Armed 
     Forces serving on active duty, from a medical center of the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs.
       ``(C) Whether clinicians of the Departments can access, and 
     meaningfully interact with, the data elements of the health 
     record of a patient who is a veteran or is a member of the 
     Armed Forces which are generated when the individual receives 
     health care from a community care provider of the Department 
     of Veterans Affairs or a TRICARE program provider of the 
     Department of Defense.
       ``(D) Whether a community care provider of the Department 
     of the Veterans Affairs and a TRICARE program provider of the 
     Department of Defense on a Health Information Exchange-
     supported electronic health record can access patient health 
     records of veterans and active-duty members of the Armed 
     Forces from the system of the provider.
       ``(E) An assessment of interoperability between the legacy 
     electronic health record systems and the future electronic 
     health record systems of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
     and the Department of Defense.
       ``(F) An assessment of the use of interoperable content 
     between--
       ``(i) the legacy electronic health record systems and the 
     future electronic health record systems of the Department of 
     Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense; and
       ``(ii) third-party applications.
       ``(2) System configuration management.--The Office shall--
       ``(A) maintain the common configuration baseline for the 
     electronic health record systems of the Department of Defense 
     and the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
       ``(B) continually evaluate the state of configuration and 
     the impacts on interoperability; and
       ``(C) promote the enhancement of such electronic health 
     records systems.
       ``(3) Consultation.--
       ``(A) Annual meeting required.--Not less than once per 
     year, the Office shall convene a meeting of clinical staff 
     from the Department of Defense, the Department of Veterans 
     Affairs, the Coast Guard, community providers, and other 
     leading clinical experts, for the purpose of assessing the 
     state of clinical use of the electronic health record systems 
     and whether the systems are meeting clinical and patient 
     needs.
       ``(B) Recommendations.--Clinical staff participating in a 
     meeting under subparagraph (A) shall make recommendations to 
     the Office on the need for any improvements or concerns with 
     the electronic health record systems.
       ``(4) Clinical and patient satisfaction survey.--Beginning 
     October 1, 2021, and on at least a biannual basis thereafter 
     until 2025 at the earliest, the Office shall undertake a 
     clinician and patient satisfaction survey regarding clinical 
     use and patient experience with the electronic health record 
     systems of the Department of Defense and the Department of 
     Veterans Affairs.''.
       (e) Resources and Staffing.--Subsection (g) of such section 
     is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the period at the 
     end the following: ``, including the assignment of clinical 
     or technical personnel of the Department of Defense or the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs to the Office''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(3) Cost sharing.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
     Secretary of Veterans shall enter into an agreement on cost 
     sharing and providing resources for the operations and 
     staffing of the Office.
       ``(4) Hiring authority.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall delegate to the Director 
     the authority under title 5, United States Code, regarding 
     appointments in the competitive service to hire personnel of 
     the Office.''.
       (f) Reports.--Subsection (h) of such section is amended to 
     read as follows:
       ``(h) Reports.--
       ``(1) Annual reports.--Not later than September 30, 2020, 
     and each year thereafter

[[Page H9464]]

     through 2024, the Director shall submit to the Secretary of 
     Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress, a report on the 
     activities of the Office during the preceding calendar year. 
     Each report shall include the following:
       ``(A) A detailed description of the activities of the 
     Office during the year covered by such report, including a 
     detailed description of the amounts expended and the purposes 
     for which expended.
       ``(B) With respect to the objectives of the strategy under 
     paragraph (2)(C) of subsection (b), and the purposes of the 
     Office under such subsection--
       ``(i) a discussion, description, and assessment of the 
     progress made by the Department of Defense and the Department 
     of Veterans Affairs during the preceding calendar year; and
       ``(ii) a discussion and description of the goals of the 
     Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs 
     for the following calendar year, including updates to 
     strategies and plans.
       ``(C) A detailed financial summary of the activities of the 
     Office, including the funds allocated to the Office by each 
     Department, the expenditures made, and an assessment as to 
     whether the current funding is sufficient to carry out the 
     activities of the Office.
       ``(D) A detailed description of the status of each of the 
     implementation milestones, including the nature of the 
     evaluation, methodology for testing, and findings with 
     respect to each milestone under subsection (e).
       ``(E) A detailed description of the state of the 
     configuration baseline, including any activities which 
     decremented or enhanced the state of configuration under 
     subsection (e).
       ``(F) With respect to the annual meeting required under 
     subsection (e)(3)--
       ``(i) a detailed description of activities, assessments, 
     and recommendations relating to such meeting; and
       ``(ii) the response of the Office to any such 
     recommendations.
       ``(2) Availability.--Each report under this subsection 
     shall be made publicly available.''.
       (g) Definitions.--Such section is further amended by adding 
     at the end the following new subsection (k):
       ``(k) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `appropriate congressional committees' 
     means--
       ``(A) the congressional defense committees; and
       ``(B) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate.
       ``(2) The term `configuration baseline' means a fixed 
     reference in the development cycle or an agreed-upon 
     specification of a product at a point in time that serves as 
     a documented basis for defining incremental change in all 
     aspects of an information technology product.
       ``(3) The term `Electronic Health Record Modernization 
     Program' has the meaning given that term in section 503 of 
     the Veterans Benefits and Transition Act of 2018 (Public Law 
     115-407; 132 Stat. 5376).
       ``(4) The term `interoperability' means the ability of 
     different information systems, devices, or applications to 
     connect, regardless of the technology platform or the 
     location where care is provided--
       ``(A) in a coordinated and secure manner, within and across 
     organizational boundaries, and across the complete spectrum 
     of care, including all applicable care settings;
       ``(B) with relevant stakeholders, including the person 
     whose information is being shared, to access, exchange, 
     integrate, and use computable data regardless of the origin 
     or destination of the data or the applications employed;
       ``(C) with the capability to reliably exchange information 
     without error;
       ``(D) with the ability to interpret and to make effective 
     use of such exchanged information;
       ``(E) with the ability for information that can be used to 
     advance patient care to move between health care entities; 
     and
       ``(F) without additional intervention by the end user.
       ``(5) The term `meaningfully interact' means the ability to 
     view, consume, act upon, and edit information in a clinical 
     setting to facilitate high-quality clinical decision making.
       ``(6) The term `seamless health care' means health care 
     which is optimized through access by patients and clinicians 
     to integrated, relevant, and complete information about the 
     clinical experiences of the patient, social and environmental 
     determinants of health, and health trends over time, in order 
     to enable patients and clinicians to--
       ``(A) move efficiently within and across organizational 
     boundaries;
       ``(B) make high-quality decisions; and
       ``(C) effectively carry out complete plans of care.
       ``(7) The term `Secretary concerned' means--
       ``(A) the Secretary of Defense, with respect to matters 
     concerning the Department of Defense;
       ``(B) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, with respect to 
     matters concerning the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
       ``(C) the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to 
     matters concerning the Coast Guard when it is not operating 
     as a service in the Department of the Navy.
       ``(8) The term `TRICARE program' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.''.
       (h) Interoperability Strategy.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than 270 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit 
     to each Secretary concerned and to the appropriate 
     congressional committees a report that contains a 
     comprehensive interoperability strategy with respect to 
     electronic health records jointly developed by the Secretary 
     of Defense and Secretary of Veterans Affairs, including any 
     accompanying or associated implementation plans and 
     supporting plans.
       (2) Elements.--The comprehensive interoperability strategy 
     under paragraph (1) shall discuss the purposes described in 
     paragraphs (K) through (R) of section 1635(b)(2) of the 
     Wounded Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 
     U.S.C. 1071 note), as amended by subsection (c).
       (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (i) the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives; and
       (ii) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives.
       (B) The term ``Director'' means the individual described in 
     section 1635(c) of the Wounded Warrior Act (title XVI of 
     Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note), as amended by 
     subsection (a).
       (C) The term ``interoperability'' has the meaning given 
     that term in subsection (k) of such section, as added by 
     subsection (g).
       (i) Conforming Repeal.--Section 713 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 
     U.S.C. 1071 note) is repealed.

     SEC. 716. EXPANSION OF STRATEGY TO IMPROVE ACQUISITION OF 
                   MANAGED CARE SUPPORT CONTRACTS UNDER TRICARE 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 705(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1073a 
     note) is amended, in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
     by striking ``, other than overseas medical support 
     contracts''.

     SEC. 717. INCLUSION OF BLAST EXPOSURE HISTORY IN MEDICAL 
                   RECORDS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Requirement.--If a covered incident occurs with respect 
     to a member of the Armed Forces, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall document blast exposure history in the 
     medical record of the member to assist in determining whether 
     a future illness or injury of the member is service-connected 
     and inform future blast exposure risk mitigation efforts of 
     the Department of Defense.
       (b) Elements.--A blast exposure history under subsection 
     (a) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
       (1) The date of the exposure.
       (2) The duration of the exposure, and, if known, the 
     measured blast pressure experienced by the individual during 
     such exposure.
       (3) Whether the exposure occurred during combat or 
     training.
       (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the types of information 
     included in a blast exposure history under subsection (a).
       (d) Covered Incident Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered incident'' means a concussive event or injury that 
     requires a military acute concussive evaluation by a skilled 
     health care provider.

     SEC. 718. COMPREHENSIVE POLICY FOR PROVISION OF MENTAL HEALTH 
                   CARE TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
     acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel 
     and Readiness, shall develop and implement a comprehensive 
     policy for the provision of mental health care to members of 
     the Armed Forces.
       (b) Elements.--The policy under subsection (a) shall 
     address each of the following:
       (1) The compliance of health professionals in the military 
     health system engaged in the provision of health care 
     services to members with clinical practice guidelines for--
       (A) suicide prevention;
       (B) medication-assisted therapy for alcohol use disorders; 
     and
       (C) medication-assisted therapy for opioid use disorders.
       (2) The access and availability of mental health care 
     services to members who are victims of sexual assault or 
     domestic violence.
       (3) The availability of naloxone reversal capability on 
     military installations.
       (4) The promotion of referrals of members by civilian 
     health care providers to military medical treatment 
     facilities when such members are--
       (A) at high risk for suicide and diagnosed with a 
     psychiatric disorder; or
       (B) receiving treatment for opioid use disorders.
       (5) The provision of comprehensive behavioral health 
     treatment to members of the reserve components that takes 
     into account the unique challenges associated with the 
     deployment pattern of such members and the difficulty such 
     members encounter post-deployment with respect to accessing 
     such treatment in civilian communities.
       (c) Consideration.--In developing the policy under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall solicit and 
     consider recommendations from the Secretaries of the military 
     departments and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
     regarding the feasibility of implementation and execution of 
     particular elements of the policy.
       (d) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the implementation of 
     the policy under subsection (a).

     SEC. 719. LIMITATION ON THE REALIGNMENT OR REDUCTION OF 
                   MILITARY MEDICAL MANNING END STRENGTH.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided by subsection (d), the 
     Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries concerned may not 
     realign or reduce military medical end strength 
     authorizations until--

[[Page H9465]]

       (1) each review is conducted under paragraph (1) of 
     subsection (b);
       (2) each analysis is conducted under paragraph (2) of such 
     subsection;
       (3) the measurement is developed under paragraph (3) of 
     such subsection;
       (4) each plan and forum is provided under paragraph (4) of 
     such subsection; and
       (5) a period of 90 days elapses following the date on which 
     the Secretary submits the report under subsection (c).
       (b) Reviews, Analyses, and Other Information.--
       (1) Review.--Each Secretary concerned, in coordination with 
     the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall conduct a 
     review of the medical manpower requirements of the military 
     department of the Secretary that accounts for all national 
     defense strategy scenarios.
       (2) Analyses.--With respect to each military medical 
     treatment facility that would be affected by a proposed 
     military medical end strength realignment or reduction, the 
     Secretary concerned shall conduct an analysis that--
       (A) identifies affected billets; and
       (B) includes a plan for mitigating any potential gap in 
     health care services caused by such realignment or reduction.
       (3) Measurement.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
       (A) develop a standard measurement for network adequacy to 
     determine the capacity of the local health care network to 
     provide care for covered beneficiaries in the area of a 
     military medical treatment facility that would be affected by 
     a proposed military medical end strength realignment or 
     reduction; and
       (B) use such measurement in carrying out this section and 
     otherwise evaluating proposed military medical end strength 
     realignment or reductions.
       (4) Outreach.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
     each member of the Armed Forces and covered beneficiary 
     located in the area of a military medical treatment facility 
     that would be affected by a proposed military medical end 
     strength realignment or reduction the following:
       (A) A transition plan for continuity of health care 
     services.
       (B) A public forum to discuss the concerns of the member 
     and covered beneficiary regarding such proposed realignment 
     or reduction.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a report on the proposed 
     military medical end strength realignments or reductions, 
     including--
       (1) the reviews, analyses, and other information developed 
     under subsection (b); and
       (2) a description of the actions the Secretary plans to 
     take with respect to such proposed realignments or 
     reductions.
       (d) Exception.--
       (1) In general.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
     apply--
       (A) to administrative billets of a medical department of a 
     military department that have remained unfilled since at 
     least October 1, 2018;
       (B) to billets identified as non-clinical in the budget of 
     the President for fiscal year 2020 submitted to Congress 
     pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, 
     except that the amount of such billets shall not exceed 
     1,700; and
       (C) to medical headquarters billets of the military 
     departments not assigned or directly supporting to 
     operational commands.
       (2) Determination prior to realignment or reduction.--The 
     Secretary concerned may realign or reduce a billet described 
     in paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that such 
     realignment or reduction does not affect the provision of 
     health care services to members of the Armed Forces or 
     covered beneficiaries.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered beneficiary'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) The term ``proposed military medical end strength 
     realignment or reduction'' means a realignment or reduction 
     of military medical end strength authorizations as proposed 
     by the budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 submitted 
     to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United 
     States Code.
       (3) The term ``Secretary concerned'' means--
       (A) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to matters 
     concerning the Army;
       (B) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to matters 
     concerning the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard 
     when it is operating as a service in the Department of the 
     Navy; and
       (C) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to matters 
     concerning the Air Force.

     SEC. 720. STRATEGY TO RECRUIT AND RETAIN MENTAL HEALTH 
                   PROVIDERS.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report that--
       (1) describes the shortage of mental health providers of 
     the Department of Defense;
       (2) explains the reasons for such shortage;
       (3) explains the effect of such shortage on members of the 
     Armed Forces; and
       (4) contains a strategy to better recruit and retain mental 
     health providers, including with respect to psychiatrists, 
     psychologists, mental health nurse practitioners, licensed 
     social workers, and other licensed providers of the military 
     health system, in a manner that addresses the need for 
     cultural competence and diversity among such mental health 
     providers.

     SEC. 721. DEVELOPMENT OF PARTNERSHIPS TO IMPROVE COMBAT 
                   CASUALTY CARE FOR PERSONNEL OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       (a) Partnerships.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, through the 
     Joint Trauma Education and Training Directorate established 
     under section 708 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 
     note), may develop partnerships with civilian academic 
     medical centers and large metropolitan teaching hospitals to 
     improve combat casualty care for personnel of the Armed 
     Forces.
       (2) Partnerships with level i trauma centers.--In carrying 
     out partnerships under paragraph (1), trauma surgeons and 
     physicians of the Department of Defense may partner with 
     level I civilian trauma centers to provide training and 
     readiness for the next generation of medical providers to 
     treat critically injured burn patients.
       (b) Support of Partnerships.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     make every effort to support partnerships under the Joint 
     Trauma Education and Training Directorate with academic 
     institutions that have level I civilian trauma centers, 
     specifically those centers with a burn center, that offer 
     burn rotations and clinical experience to provide training 
     and readiness for the next generation of medical providers to 
     treat critically injured burn patients.
       (c) Level I Civilian Trauma Center Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``level I civilian trauma center'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 708 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).

     SEC. 722. MODIFICATION TO REFERRALS FOR MENTAL HEALTH 
                   SERVICES.

       If the Secretary of Defense is unable to provide mental 
     health services in a military medical treatment facility to a 
     member of the Armed Forces within 15 days of the date on 
     which such services are first requested by the member, the 
     Secretary may refer the member to a provider under the 
     TRICARE program (as that term is defined in section 1072 of 
     title 10, United States Code) to receive such services.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 731. AUTHORIZATION OF CLAIMS BY MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED 
                   SERVICES AGAINST THE UNITED STATES FOR PERSONAL 
                   INJURY OR DEATH CAUSED BY MEDICAL MALPRACTICE.

       (a) Medical Malpractice Claims.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 163 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2733 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2733a. Medical malpractice claims by members of the 
       uniformed services

       ``(a) In General.--Consistent with this section and under 
     such regulations as the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
     under subsection (f), the Secretary may allow, settle, and 
     pay a claim against the United States for personal injury or 
     death incident to the service of a member of the uniformed 
     services that was caused by the medical malpractice of a 
     Department of Defense health care provider.
       ``(b) Requirement for Claims.--A claim may be allowed, 
     settled, and paid under subsection (a) only if--
       ``(1) the claim is filed by the member of the uniformed 
     services who is the subject of the medical malpractice 
     claimed, or by an authorized representative on behalf of such 
     member who is deceased or otherwise unable to file the claim 
     due to incapacitation;
       ``(2) the claim is for personal injury or death caused by 
     the negligent or wrongful act or omission of a Department of 
     Defense health care provider in the performance of medical, 
     dental, or related health care functions while such provider 
     was acting within the scope of employment;
       ``(3) the act or omission constituting medical malpractice 
     occurred in a covered military medical treatment facility;
       ``(4) the claim is presented to the Department in writing 
     within two years after the claim accrues;
       ``(5) the claim is not allowed to be settled and paid under 
     any other provision of law; and
       ``(6) the claim is substantiated as prescribed in 
     regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under 
     subsection (f).
       ``(c) Liability.--(1) The Department of Defense is liable 
     for only the portion of compensable injury, loss, or damages 
     attributable to the medical malpractice of a Department of 
     Defense health care provider.
       ``(2) The Department of Defense shall not be liable for the 
     attorney fees of a claimant under this section.
       ``(d) Payment of Claims.--(1) If the Secretary of Defense 
     determines, pursuant to regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary under subsection (f), that a claim under this 
     section in excess of $100,000 is meritorious, and the claim 
     is otherwise payable under this section, the Secretary may 
     pay the claimant $100,000 and report any meritorious amount 
     in excess of $100,000 to the Secretary of the Treasury for 
     payment under section 1304 of title 31.
       ``(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1), no claim may be 
     paid under this section unless the amount tendered is 
     accepted by the claimant in full satisfaction.
       ``(e) Reporting Medical Malpractice.--Not later than 30 
     days after a determination of medical malpractice or the 
     payment of all or part of a claim under this section, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Director of the 
     Defense Health Agency a report documenting such determination 
     or payment to be used by the Director for all necessary and 
     appropriate purposes, including medical quality assurance.
       ``(f) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
     prescribe regulations to implement this section.
       ``(2) Regulations prescribed by the Secretary under 
     paragraph (1) shall include the following:
       ``(A) Policies and procedures to ensure the timely, 
     efficient, and effective processing and administration of 
     claims under this section, including--

[[Page H9466]]

       ``(i) the filing, receipt, investigation, and evaluation of 
     a claim;
       ``(ii) the negotiation, settlement, and payment of a claim;
       ``(iii) such other matters relating to the processing and 
     administration of a claim, including an administrative 
     appeals process, as the Secretary considers appropriate.
       ``(B) Uniform standards consistent with generally accepted 
     standards used in a majority of States in adjudicating claims 
     under chapter 171 of title 28 (commonly known as the `Federal 
     Tort Claims Act') to be applied to the evaluation, 
     settlement, and payment of claims under this section without 
     regard to the place of occurrence of the medical malpractice 
     giving rise to the claim or the military department or 
     service of the member of the uniformed services, and without 
     regard to foreign law in the case of claims arising in 
     foreign countries, including uniform standards to be applied 
     to determinations with respect to--
       ``(i) whether an act or omission by a Department of Defense 
     health care provider in the context of performing medical, 
     dental, or related health care functions was negligent or 
     wrongful, considering the specific facts and circumstances;
       ``(ii) whether the personal injury or death of the member 
     was caused by a negligent or wrongful act or omission of a 
     Department of Defense health care provider in the context of 
     performing medical, dental, or related health care functions, 
     considering the specific facts and circumstances;
       ``(iii) requirements relating to proof of duty, breach of 
     duty, and causation resulting in compensable injury or loss, 
     subject to such exclusions as may be established by the 
     Secretary of Defense; and
       ``(iv) calculation of damages.
       ``(C) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       ``(3) In order to implement expeditiously the provisions of 
     this section, the Secretary may prescribe the regulations 
     under this subsection--
       ``(A) by prescribing an interim final rule; and
       ``(B) not later than one year after prescribing such 
     interim final rule and considering public comments with 
     respect to such interim final rule, by prescribing a final 
     rule.
       ``(g) Limitation on Attorney Fees.--(1) No attorney shall 
     charge, demand, receive, or collect for services rendered, 
     fees in excess of 20 percent of any claim paid pursuant to 
     this section.
       ``(2) Any attorney who charges, demands, receives, or 
     collects for services rendered in connection with a claim 
     under this section any amount in excess of the amount allowed 
     under paragraph (1), if recovery be had, shall be fined not 
     more than $2,000, imprisoned not more than one year, or both.
       ``(h) Annual Report.--Not less frequently than annually 
     until 2025, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report--
       ``(1) indicating the number of claims processed under this 
     section;
       ``(2) indicating the resolution of each such claim; and
       ``(3) describing any other information that may enhance the 
     effectiveness of the claims process under this section.
       ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Covered military medical treatment facility.--The 
     term `covered military medical treatment facility' means a 
     facility described in subsection (b), (c), or (d) of section 
     1073d of this title.
       ``(2) Department of defense health care provider.--The term 
     `Department of Defense health care provider' means a member 
     of the uniformed services, civilian employee of the 
     Department of Defense, or personal services contractor of the 
     Department (under section 1091 of this title) authorized by 
     the Department to provide health care services and acting 
     within the scope of employment of such individual.
       ``(3) Member of the uniformed services.--The term `member 
     of the uniformed services' includes a member of a reserve 
     component of the armed forces if the claim by the member 
     under this section is in connection with personal injury or 
     death that occurred while the member was in Federal 
     status.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 163 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 2733 the 
     following new item:

``2733a. Medical malpractice claims by members of the uniformed 
              services.''.
       (b) Interim Briefing on Development of Regulations.--Not 
     later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a briefing on the development of regulations 
     under section 2733a(f) of title 10, United States Code, as 
     added by subsection (a)(1).
       (c) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section 2735 of such title is amended by striking 
     ``2733,'' and inserting ``2733, 2733a,''.
       (2) Section 1304(a)(3)(D) of title 31, United States Code, 
     is amended by striking ``2733,'' and inserting ``2733, 
     2733a,''.
       (d) Effective Date and Transition Provision.--
       (1) Effective date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply to any claim filed under section 2733a of such 
     title, as added by subsection (a)(1), on or after January 1, 
     2020.
       (2) Transition.--Any claim filed in calendar year 2020 
     shall be deemed to be filed within the time period specified 
     in section 2733a(b)(4) of such title, as so added, if it is 
     filed within three years after it accrues.

     SEC. 732. EXTENSION AND CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS 
                   AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY DEMONSTRATION FUND.

       Title XVII of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2567) is 
     amended--
       (1) in section 1701--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Subject to subsection 
     (b), the'' and inserting ``The'';
       (B) by striking subsection (b); and
       (C) by redesignating subsections (c) through (f) as 
     subsections (b) through (e), respectively;
       (2) in section 1702(a)(1), by striking ``hereafter in this 
     title'' and inserting ``in this section'';
       (3) in section 1703, in subsections (a) and (c), by 
     striking ``the facility'' and inserting ``the James A. Lovell 
     Federal Health Care Center'';
       (4) in section 1704--
       (A) in subsections (a)(3), (a)(4)(A), and (b)(1), by 
     striking ``the facility'' and inserting ``the James A. Lovell 
     Federal Health Care Center''; and
       (B) in subsection (e), as most recently amended by section 
     731 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), by striking 
     ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``September 30, 2021'';
       (5) in section 1705--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``the facility'' and 
     inserting ``the James A. Lovell Federal Health Care Center 
     (in this section referred to as the `JALFHCC')'';
       (B) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``the facility'' and inserting ``the 
     JALFHCC''; and
       (C) in subsection (c)--
       (i) by striking ``the facility'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``the JALFHCC''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) To permit the JALFHCC to enter into personal services 
     contracts to carry out health care responsibilities in the 
     JALFHCC to the same extent and subject to the same conditions 
     and limitations as apply under section 1091 of title 10, 
     United States Code, to the Secretary of Defense with respect 
     to health care responsibilities in medical treatment 
     facilities of the Department of Defense.''.

     SEC. 733. APPOINTMENT OF NON-EX OFFICIO MEMBERS OF THE HENRY 
                   M. JACKSON FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF 
                   MILITARY MEDICINE.

       (a) Appointment by Non-ex Officio Members.--Subparagraph 
     (C) of paragraph (1) of section 178(c) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(C) six members, each of whom shall be appointed at the 
     expiration of the term of a member appointed under this 
     subparagraph, as provided for in paragraph (2), by the 
     members currently serving on the Council pursuant to this 
     subparagraph and paragraph (2), including the member whose 
     expiring term is so being filled by such appointment.''.
       (b) Repeal of Obsolete Authority Establishing Staggered 
     Terms.--Paragraph (2) of such section is amended--
       (1) by striking ``except that--'' and all that follows 
     through ``any person'' and inserting ``except that any 
     person'';
       (2) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; and
       (3) by striking subparagraph (B).
       (c) Effective Date.--
       (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
     take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Construction for current members.--Nothing in the 
     amendments made by this section shall be construed to 
     terminate or otherwise alter the appointment or term of 
     service of members of the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the 
     Advancement of Military Medicine who are so serving on the 
     date of the enactment of this Act pursuant to an appointment 
     under paragraph (1)(C) or (2) of section 178(c) of title 10, 
     United States Code, made before that date.

     SEC. 734. ESTABLISHMENT OF ACADEMIC HEALTH SYSTEM IN NATIONAL 
                   CAPITAL REGION.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 104 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2113a the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2113b. Academic Health System

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may establish 
     an Academic Health System to integrate the health care, 
     health professions education, and health research activities 
     of the military health system, including under this chapter, 
     in the National Capital Region.
       ``(b) Leadership.--(1) The Secretary may appoint employees 
     of the Department of Defense to leadership positions in the 
     Academic Health System established under subsection (a).
       ``(2) Such positions may include responsibilities for 
     management of the health care, health professions education, 
     and health research activities described in subsection (a) 
     and are in addition to similar leadership positions for 
     members of the armed forces.
       ``(c) National Capital Region Defined.--In this section, 
     the term `National Capital Region' means the area, or portion 
     thereof, as determined by the Secretary, in the vicinity of 
     the District of Columbia.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 104 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 2113a the 
     following new item:

``2113b. Academic Health System.''.

     SEC. 735. PROVISION OF VETERINARY SERVICES BY VETERINARY 
                   PROFESSIONALS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IN 
                   EMERGENCIES.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 53 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

[[Page H9467]]

     ``Sec. 1060c. Provision of veterinary services in emergencies

       ``(a) In General.--A veterinary professional described in 
     subsection (b) may provide veterinary services for the 
     purposes described in subsection (c) in any State, the 
     District of Columbia, or a territory or possession of the 
     United States, without regard to where such veterinary 
     professional or the patient animal are located, if the 
     provision of such services is within the scope of the 
     authorized duties of such veterinary professional for the 
     Department of Defense.
       ``(b) Veterinary Professional Described.--A veterinary 
     professional described in this subsection is an individual 
     who is--
       ``(1)(A) a member of the armed forces, a civilian employee 
     of the Department of Defense, or otherwise credentialed and 
     privileged at a Federal veterinary institution or location 
     designated by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of this 
     section; or
       ``(B) a member of the National Guard performing training or 
     duty under section 502(f) of title 32;
       ``(2) certified as a veterinary professional by a 
     certification recognized by the Secretary of Defense; and
       ``(3) currently licensed by a State, the District of 
     Columbia, or a territory or possession of the United States 
     to provide veterinary services.
       ``(c) Purposes Described.--The purposes described in this 
     subsection are veterinary services in response to any of the 
     following:
       ``(1) A national emergency declared by the President 
     pursuant to the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et 
     seq.).
       ``(2) A major disaster or an emergency (as those terms are 
     defined in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
     Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122)).
       ``(3) A public health emergency declared by the Secretary 
     of Health and Human Services under section 319 of the Public 
     Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d).
       ``(4) An extraordinary emergency, as determined by the 
     Secretary of Agriculture under section 10407(b) of the Animal 
     Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8306(b)).''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 53 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 1060b the following new 
     item:

``1060c. Provision of veterinary services in emergencies.''.

     SEC. 736. THREE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO CONTINUE THE 
                   DOD-VA HEALTH CARE SHARING INCENTIVE FUND.

       Section 8111(d)(3) of title 38, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting, 
     ``September 30, 2023''.

     SEC. 737. PRESERVATION OF RESOURCES OF THE ARMY MEDICAL 
                   RESEARCH AND MATERIEL COMMAND AND CONTINUATION 
                   AS CENTER OF EXCELLENCE.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall preserve 
     the resources of the Army Medical Research and Materiel 
     Command for use by such command, which shall include manpower 
     and funding, at not less than the level of such resources as 
     of the date of the enactment of this Act until September 30, 
     2022.
       (b) Transfer of Funds.--On October 1, 2022, all amounts 
     available for the Army Medical Research and Materiel Command 
     shall be transferred from accounts for research, development, 
     test, and evaluation for the Army to accounts for the Defense 
     Health Program.
       (c) Continuation as Center of Excellence.--After September 
     30, 2022, the Army Medical Research and Materiel Command and 
     Fort Detrick shall continue to serve as a Center of 
     Excellence for Joint Biomedical Research, Development and 
     Acquisition Management for efforts undertaken under the 
     Defense Health Program.

     SEC. 738. ENCOURAGEMENT OF PARTICIPATION IN WOMEN'S HEALTH 
                   TRANSITION TRAINING PILOT PROGRAM.

       (a) Encouragement of Participation.--The Secretaries of the 
     military departments shall encourage female members of the 
     Armed Forces who are separating or retiring from the Armed 
     Forces during fiscal year 2020 to participate in the Women's 
     Health Transition Training pilot program (in this section 
     referred to as the ``pilot program'') administered by the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
       (b) Selection.--Each Secretary of a military department 
     shall select at least one location at which the pilot program 
     is offered and encourage participation in the pilot program 
     at such location.
       (c) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs, shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives and 
     the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House 
     of Representatives a report on the pilot program that 
     includes the following:
       (1) For the period since the commencement of the pilot 
     program--
       (A) the number of courses held under the pilot program;
       (B) the locations at which such courses were held; and
       (C) for each location identified in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) the number of female members by military department 
     (with respect to Department of the Navy, separately for the 
     Navy and Marine Corps) who participated in the pilot program; 
     and
       (ii) the number of seats available under the pilot program.
       (2) Data relating to--
       (A) satisfaction with courses held under the pilot program;
       (B) improved awareness of health care services administered 
     by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; and
       (C) any other available statistics regarding the pilot 
     program.
       (3) A discussion of regulatory, legal, or resource barriers 
     to--
       (A) making the pilot program permanent to enable access by 
     a greater number of female members at locations throughout 
     the United States;
       (B) offering the pilot program online for female members 
     who are unable to attend courses held under the pilot program 
     in person; and
       (C) providing for automatic enrollment of participants in 
     the pilot program in the patient enrollment system of the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs established and operated under 
     section 1705 of title 38, United States Code.

     SEC. 739. NATIONAL GUARD SUICIDE PREVENTION PILOT PROGRAM.

       (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Chief of the National 
     Guard Bureau may carry out a pilot program to expand suicide 
     prevention and intervention efforts at the community level 
     through the use of a mobile application that provides the 
     capability for a member of the National Guard to receive 
     prompt support, including access to a behavioral health 
     professional, on a smartphone, tablet computer, or other 
     handheld mobile device.
       (b) Elements.--The pilot program shall include, subject to 
     such conditions as the Secretary may prescribe--
       (1) the use by members of the National Guard of an existing 
     mobile application that provides the capability described in 
     subsection (a); or
       (2) the development and use of a new mobile application 
     that provides such capability.
       (c) Eligibility and Participation Requirements.--The Chief 
     of the National Guard Bureau shall establish requirements 
     with respect to eligibility and participation in the pilot 
     program.
       (d) Assessment Prior to Pilot Program Commencement.--Prior 
     to commencement of the pilot program, the Chief of the 
     National Guard Bureau shall--
       (1) conduct an assessment of existing prevention and 
     intervention efforts of the National Guard in each State that 
     include the use of mobile applications that provide the 
     capability described in subsection (a) to determine best 
     practices for providing immediate and localized care through 
     the use of such mobile applications; and
       (2) determine the feasibility of expanding existing 
     programs on a national scale.
       (e) Responsibilities of Entities Participating in Pilot 
     Program.--Each entity that participates in the pilot program 
     shall--
       (1) share best practices with other entities participating 
     in the program; and
       (2) annually assess outcomes with respect to members of the 
     National Guard.
       (f) Term.--The pilot program shall terminate on the date 
     that is three years after the date on which the pilot program 
     commenced.
       (g) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--If the Chief of the National Guard 
     Bureau commences the pilot program authorized under 
     subsection (a), not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     commencement of such program, the Chief shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report containing a description of the 
     pilot program and such other matters as the Chief considers 
     appropriate.
       (2) Final report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     termination of the pilot program, the Chief of the National 
     Guard Bureau shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on 
     such pilot program.
       (B) Matters included.--The report under subparagraph (A) 
     shall include the following:
       (i) A description of the pilot program, including any 
     partnerships entered into by the Chief of the National Guard 
     Bureau under the program.
       (ii) An assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot 
     program.
       (iii) A description of costs associated with the 
     implementation of the pilot program.
       (iv) The estimated costs of making the pilot program 
     permanent.
       (v) A recommendation as to whether the pilot program should 
     be extended or made permanent.
       (vi) Such other recommendations for legislative or 
     administrative action as the Chief of the National Guard 
     Bureau considers appropriate.
       (h) State Defined.--In this section, the term ``State'' 
     means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, 
     the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the 
     United States Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the 
     Northern Mariana Islands.

     SEC. 740. PILOT PROGRAM ON CIVILIAN AND MILITARY PARTNERSHIPS 
                   TO ENHANCE INTEROPERABILITY AND MEDICAL SURGE 
                   CAPABILITY AND CAPACITY OF NATIONAL DISASTER 
                   MEDICAL SYSTEM.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
     pilot program to establish partnerships with public, private, 
     and nonprofit health care organizations, institutions, and 
     entities in collaboration with the Secretary of Veterans 
     Affairs, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary of 
     Transportation to enhance the interoperability and medical 
     surge capability and capacity of the National Disaster 
     Medical System under section 2812 of the Public Health 
     Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300hh-11) in the vicinity of major 
     aeromedical and other transport hubs and logistics centers of 
     the Department of Defense.
       (b) Duration.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out the 
     pilot program under subsection (a) for a period of not more 
     than five years.
       (c) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
     program under subsection (a) at not

[[Page H9468]]

     fewer than five aeromedical or other transport hub regions or 
     logistics centers in the United States.
       (d) Requirements.--In establishing partnerships under the 
     pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary, in 
     collaboration with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, and the Secretary of Transportation, shall 
     establish requirements under such partnerships for staffing, 
     specialized training, medical logistics, telemedicine, 
     patient regulating, movement, situational status reporting, 
     tracking, and surveillance.
       (e) Evaluation Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot 
     program under subsection (a).
       (f) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     commencement of the pilot program under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     pilot program.
       (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph (A) 
     shall include the following:
       (i) A description of the pilot program.
       (ii) The requirements established under subsection (d).
       (iii) The evaluation metrics established under subsection 
     (e).
       (iv) Such other matters relating to the pilot program as 
     the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (2) Final report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after completion 
     of the pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the pilot 
     program.
       (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph (A) 
     shall include the following:
       (i) A description of the pilot program, including the 
     partnerships established under the pilot program as described 
     in subsection (a).
       (ii) An assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot 
     program.
       (iii) An assessment of the cost of the pilot program and an 
     estimate of the cost of making the pilot program a permanent 
     part of the budget of the Department of Defense.
       (iv) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
     pilot program, including recommendations for extending or 
     making permanent the authority for the pilot program.

     SEC. 741. REPORTS ON SUICIDE AMONG MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES AND SUICIDE PREVENTION PROGRAMS AND 
                   ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Department of Defense Reports on Suicide Among Members 
     of the Armed Forces.--
       (1) Reports required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter 
     through January 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a report on suicide among 
     members of the Armed Forces during the year preceding the 
     date of the report.
       (2) Matters included.--Each report under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following with respect to the year covered 
     by the report:
       (A) The number of suicides, attempted suicides, and known 
     cases of suicidal ideation involving a member of the Armed 
     Forces, including the reserve components thereof, listed by 
     Armed Force.
       (B) The number of suicides, attempted suicides, or known 
     cases of suicidal ideation identified under subparagraph (A) 
     that occurred during each of the following periods:
       (i) The first 180 days of the member serving in the Armed 
     Forces.
       (ii) The period in which the member is deployed in support 
     of a contingency operation.
       (C) With respect to the number of suicides, attempted 
     suicides, or known cases of suicidal ideation identified 
     under subparagraph (B)(i), the initial recruit training 
     location of the member.
       (D) The number of suicides involving a dependent of a 
     member.
       (E) A description of any research collaborations and data 
     sharing by the Department of Defense with the Department of 
     Veterans Affairs, other departments or agencies of the 
     Federal Government, academic institutions, or nongovernmental 
     organizations.
       (F) Identification of a research agenda for the Department 
     of Defense to improve the evidence base on effective suicide 
     prevention treatment and risk communication.
       (G) The availability and usage of the assistance of 
     chaplains, houses of worship, and other spiritual resources 
     for members of the Armed Forces who identify as religiously 
     affiliated and have attempted suicide, have experienced 
     suicidal ideation, or are at risk of suicide, and metrics on 
     the impact these resources have in assisting religiously-
     affiliated members who have access to and utilize them 
     compared to religiously-affiliated members who do not.
       (H) A description of the effectiveness of the policies 
     developed pursuant to section 567 of the Carl Levin and 
     Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 1071 
     note) and section 582 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 1071 
     note), including with respect to--
       (i) metrics identifying effective treatment modalities for 
     members of the Armed Forces who are at risk for suicide 
     (including any clinical interventions involving early 
     identification and treatment of such members);
       (ii) metrics for the rate of integration of mental health 
     screenings and suicide risk and prevention for members during 
     the delivery of primary care for such members;
       (iii) metrics relating to the effectiveness of suicide 
     prevention and resilience programs and preventative 
     behavioral health programs of the Department of Defense 
     (including those of the military departments and the Armed 
     Forces); and
       (iv) metrics evaluating the training standards for 
     behavioral health care providers to ensure that such 
     providers have received training on clinical best practices 
     and evidence-based treatments.
       (b) GAO Report on Suicide Prevention Programs and 
     Activities.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than 240 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of 
     the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on the programs and activities of the Department of 
     Defense and the Armed Forces for the prevention of suicide 
     among members of the Armed Forces (including the reserve 
     components) and their families.
       (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
     the following:
       (A) A description of the current programs and activities of 
     the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces for the 
     prevention of suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
     their families.
       (B) An assessment whether the programs and activities 
     described pursuant to subparagraph (A)--
       (i) are evidence-based and incorporate best practices 
     identified in peer-reviewed medical literature;
       (ii) are appropriately resourced; and
       (iii) deliver outcomes that are appropriate relative to 
     peer activities and programs (including those undertaken in 
     the civilian community and in military forces of other 
     countries).
       (C) A description and assessment of any impediments to the 
     effectiveness of such programs and activities.
       (D) Such recommendations as the Comptroller General 
     considers appropriate for improvements to such programs and 
     activities.
       (E) Such recommendations as the Comptroller General 
     considers appropriate for additional programs and activities 
     for the prevention of suicide among members of the Armed 
     Forces and their families.

     SEC. 742. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR LONGITUDINAL 
                   MEDICAL STUDY ON BLAST PRESSURE EXPOSURE OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND COLLECTION OF 
                   EXPOSURE INFORMATION.

       (a) Modification of Study.--Section 734 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
     115-91; 131 Stat. 1444) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) assess the feasibility and advisability of--
       ``(A) uploading the data gathered from the study into the 
     Defense Occupational and Environmental Health Readiness 
     System - Industrial Hygiene (DOEHRS-IH) or similar system;
       ``(B) allowing personnel of the Department of Defense and 
     the Department of Veterans Affairs to have access to such 
     system; and
       ``(C) ensuring such data is interoperable and can be 
     uploaded into the MHS Genesis electronic health record or 
     successor system of the Department of Defense.''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph (2):
       ``(2) Annual status report.--Not later than January 1 of 
     each year during the period beginning on the date of the 
     enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 and ending on the completion of the study 
     under subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a status report on the study.''.
       (b) Collection of Exposure Information.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall collect blast exposure information with respect 
     to a member of the Armed Forces in a manner--
       (1) consistent with blast exposure measurement training 
     guidance of the Department of Defense, including any guidance 
     developed pursuant to--
       (A) the longitudinal medical study on blast pressure 
     exposure required by section 734 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1444); and
       (B) the review of guidance on blast exposure during 
     training required by section 253 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2001 note prec.);
       (2) compatible with training and operational objectives of 
     the Department; and
       (3) that is automated, to the extent practicable, to 
     minimize the reporting burden of unit commanders.

     SEC. 743. STUDY AND PLAN ON THE USE OF MILITARY-CIVILIAN 
                   INTEGRATED HEALTH DELIVERY SYSTEMS.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
     on the use of local military-civilian integrated health 
     delivery systems pursuant to section 706 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1096 note). The study shall examine the 
     following:
       (1) Geographic locations where military medical treatment 
     facilities have existing contractual relationships with local 
     civilian health care networks, including Fort Drum, New York,

[[Page H9469]]

     Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, New Jersey, Joint Base 
     Lewis-McCord, Washington, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, 
     Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, 
     Tripler Army Medical Center, Hawaii, the National Capital 
     Region, and similar locations.
       (2) Health care activities that promote value-based care, 
     measurable health outcomes, patient safety, timeliness of 
     referrals, and transparent communication with covered 
     beneficiaries.
       (3) Locations where health care providers of the Department 
     of Defense may be able to attain critical wartime readiness 
     skills in a local integrated military-civilian integrated 
     health delivery system.
       (4) The cost of providing care under an integrated 
     military-civilian integrated health delivery system as 
     compared to health care provided by a managed care support 
     contractor.
       (b) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan 
     for the further development of the use of local military-
     civilian integrated health delivery systems by the Department 
     of Defense.
       (c) Submission.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate--
       (1) a report on the results of the study under subsection 
     (a); and
       (2) the plan developed under subsection (b).
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered beneficiaries'' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 1072 of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (2) The term ``National Capital Region'' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 2674 of title 10, United States 
     Code.

     SEC. 744. STUDY ON CASE MANAGEMENT IN THE MILITARY HEALTH 
                   SYSTEM.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
     on the effectiveness of case management practices in the 
     military health system. The study shall include the 
     following:
       (1) A standardized definition of case management.
       (2) An evaluation of case management practices provided by 
     the military departments before and during the transition of 
     the administration of military medical treatment facilities 
     to the Defense Health Agency pursuant to section 1073c of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (3) A discussion of the metrics used in determining the 
     effectiveness and cost of case management.
       (4) An evaluation of the case management and outreach 
     provided by the managed care support contractors supporting 
     the Defense Health Agency, including with respect to--
       (A) the intervals at which patients are contacted;
       (B) the role of the case manager in coordination;
       (C) the approximate number of patients managed by a case 
     manager; and
       (D) any other best practices relating to case management 
     that would improve the experience of care across the military 
     health system.
       (5) A review of case management best practices in the 
     private sector, including with respect to--
       (A) the intervals at which patients should be contacted;
       (B) the role of the case manager in coordination;
       (C) the approximate number of patients managed by a case 
     manager; and
       (D) any other best practices relating to case management 
     that would improve the experience of care across the military 
     health system.
       (6) The results of discussions with covered beneficiaries 
     (as defined in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code) 
     at not less than four public forums held in different 
     geographic areas, relating to the satisfaction of such 
     covered beneficiaries with case management and outreach 
     provided by the Defense Health Agency and the military 
     departments in military medical treatment facilities.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a report on the results of the 
     study under subsection (a).

     SEC. 745. REPORT ON GLOBAL HEALTH SECURITY STRATEGY AND THE 
                   NATIONAL BIODEFENSE SECURITY.

       (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
     which the Comptroller General of the United States publishes 
     a review of the National Biodefense Strategy, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees a report on the implementation of the Global 
     Health Security Strategy and the National Biodefense 
     Strategy.
       (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall, at a 
     minimum--
       (1) designate the individual and offices responsible for 
     overseeing the implementation of each strategy referred to in 
     subsection (a) within the Department of Defense;
       (2) detail actions that the Department is taking to support 
     implementation of the Global Health Security Agenda;
       (3) detail actions taken to coordinate the efforts of the 
     Department with the other agencies responsible for the Global 
     Health Security Strategy and National Biodefense Strategy; 
     and
       (4) with respect to the review of the National Biodefense 
     Strategy conducted by the Comptroller General--
       (A) detail the recommendations in the review that the 
     Secretary plans on or is currently implementing;
       (B) specify the official implementing such recommendations 
     and the actions the official is taking to implement the 
     recommendations;
       (C) specify the recommendations in the review that the 
     Secretary has determined not to implement; and
       (D) explain the rationale of the Secretary with respect to 
     not implementing such recommendations.
       (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (1) the congressional defense committees;
       (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
     Energy and Commerce, and the Committee on Homeland Security 
     of the House of Representatives; and
       (3) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
     Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the Committee on 
     Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.

     SEC. 746. STUDY ON ESTABLISHMENT OF WOUNDED WARRIOR SERVICE 
                   DOG PROGRAM.

       (a) Study.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
     a study on the feasibility of establishing a wounded warrior 
     service dog program.
       (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include 
     the following:
       (1) An assessment of the need and feasibility of 
     establishing a wounded warrior service dog program.
       (2) With respect to a nonprofit organization seeking a 
     grant under a wounded warrior service dog program, an 
     assessment of the feasibility of requiring that the 
     organization--
       (A) specify the training requirements for covered members;
       (B) detail the training of dogs that will serve as 
     assistance dogs;
       (C) establish a database--
       (i) to track whether a dog has prior experience as a 
     military working dog, service dog, or assistance dog; and
       (ii) that contains a designation for each dog with prior 
     experience as a military working dog;
       (D) describe the aftercare services that the organization 
     will provide to assistance dogs and covered members; and
       (E) possess the appropriate accreditation standards for 
     assistance dogs, as the Secretary determines appropriate.
       (3) A list of locations at which the greatest number of 
     covered members are likely to participate in a wounded 
     warrior service dog program.
       (4) An estimate of the costs required to create a wounded 
     warrior service dog program.
       (5) A list of peer reviewed articles and other appropriate 
     studies that examine the clinical effectiveness of assistance 
     dogs with respect to the treatment of patients with 
     disabilities.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Assistance dog.--
       (A) In general.--The term ``assistance dog'' means a dog 
     specifically trained to perform physical tasks to mitigate 
     the effects of a disability described in subparagraph (B), 
     except that the term does not include a dog specifically 
     trained for comfort or personal defense.
       (B) Disability described.--A disability described in this 
     subparagraph is any of the following:
       (i) Blindness or visual impairment.
       (ii) Loss of limb, paralysis, or other significant mobility 
     issues.
       (iii) Loss of hearing.
       (iv) Traumatic brain injury.
       (v) Post-traumatic stress disorder.
       (vi) Any other disability that the Secretary of Defense 
     considers appropriate.
       (2) Covered member.--The term ``covered member'' means a 
     member of the Armed Forces who is--
       (A) receiving medical treatment, recuperation, or therapy 
     under chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code;
       (B) in medical hold or medical holdover status; or
       (C) covered under section 1202 or 1205 of title 10, United 
     States Code.
       (3) Wounded warrior service dog program.--The term 
     ``wounded warrior service dog program'' means a pilot program 
     under which the Secretary of Defense awards competitive 
     grants to non-profit organizations that would assist such 
     organizations in the planning, designing, establishing, or 
     operating (or any combination thereof) of programs to provide 
     assistance dogs to covered members.

     SEC. 747. GAO REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE QUALITY 
                   ASSURANCE PROGRAM AND IMPACTS OF MEDICAL 
                   MALPRACTICE ACTIONS.

       Not later than January 1, 2021, the Comptroller General of 
     the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report containing the following:
       (1) An assessment of the effectiveness of the quality 
     assurance program of the Department of Defense in querying 
     and monitoring the National Practitioner Data Bank 
     established pursuant to the Health Care Quality Improvement 
     Act of 1986 (42 U.S.C. 11101 et seq.) with respect to--
       (A) recruitment and retention of military service medical 
     providers;
       (B) hiring or contracting of civilian medical providers in 
     military medical treatment facilities;
       (C) recording of adverse privileging and credentialing 
     actions of such military service medical providers and 
     civilian medical providers; and
       (D) any other matters relating to ensuring the highest 
     quality of care is provided throughout the military health 
     system.
       (2) An analysis that includes--
       (A) with respect to military health system patients, a 
     comparison of outcomes for such patients who may bring an 
     action against the Federal Government for negligence or 
     malpractice and outcomes for such patients who may not bring 
     such an action, based on an examination of all relevant data 
     relating to clinical outcome measures and clinical quality 
     management process actions; and
       (B) a comparison of--
       (i) the elements and average amounts of death and 
     disability compensation that apply regardless of the 
     underlying cause of the death or disability; and

[[Page H9470]]

       (ii) the elements and average amounts of settlements that 
     result from medical malpractice litigation against the 
     Federal Government.

     SEC. 748. REPORTS ON MILLENNIUM COHORT STUDY RELATING TO 
                   WOMEN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Annual Reports Required.--Not later than 180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
     thereafter through January 31, 2022, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on findings 
     of the Millennium Cohort Study relating to the gynecological 
     and perinatal health of women members of the Armed Forces.
       (b) Matters Included.--Each report under subsection (a) 
     shall include, at a minimum--
       (1) a summary of general findings of the Millennium Cohort 
     Study pertaining to gynecological and perinatal health, 
     including diseases, disorders, and conditions that affect the 
     functioning of reproductive systems, maternal mortality and 
     severe maternal morbidity, birth defects, developmental 
     disorders, low birth weight, preterm birth, reduced 
     fertility, menstrual disorders, and other health concerns; 
     and
       (2) identification of--
       (A) all research projects that have concluded during the 
     year covered by the report and the outcomes of such projects;
       (B) areas in which the Millennium Cohort Study can increase 
     efforts to capture data and produce studies in the field of 
     gynecological and perinatal health of women members of the 
     Armed Forces; and
       (C) activities underway to achieve such efforts.
       (c) Millennium Cohort Study Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``Millennium Cohort Study'' means the longitudinal study 
     authorized under section 743 of the Strom Thurmond National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 
     105-261; 112 Stat. 2074) to evaluate data on the health 
     conditions of members of the Armed Forces upon the return of 
     the members from deployment.

     SEC. 749. STUDY ON EFFECTS OF SLEEP DEPRIVATION ON READINESS 
                   OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
     on the effects of sleep deprivation on the readiness of 
     members of the Armed Forces.
       (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include 
     the following:
       (1) A standardized definition of sleep deprivation.
       (2) An assessment of the prevalence of sleep deprivation on 
     members of the Armed Forces related to circadian rhythm 
     disturbances from crossing multiple time zones, mission 
     related maladaptive sleep practices, uncomfortable or 
     otherwise inhospitable sleeping environments, and the use of 
     stimulants and hypnotics to support operational tempo.
       (3) An assessment of whether there may be a relationship 
     between sleep deprivation and medical conditions such as 
     traumatic brain injury, post-traumatic stress disorder, and 
     depression.
       (4) Recommendations on efforts to mitigate sleep 
     deprivation described in paragraphs (2) and (3).
       (c) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the results of the study 
     under subsection (a).

     SEC. 750. STUDY AND REPORT ON TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY 
                   MITIGATION EFFORTS.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a meta-
     analysis of evidence-based traumatic brain injury mitigation 
     efforts by the Secretary and related Federal agency partners, 
     and efforts discussed in academic literature, that have 
     demonstrated the best clinical effectiveness in the treatment 
     of members of the Armed Forces for traumatic brain injury.
       (b) Roadmap.--The Secretary shall develop and include in 
     the study under subsection (a) a roadmap for implementation 
     across the military health system of measures that address, 
     with respect to the treatment of members for traumatic brain 
     injury--
       (1) the process for receiving such treatment;
       (2) patient outcomes;
       (3) cost;
       (4) patient and command satisfaction with such treatment; 
     and
       (5) structured documentation to monitor system-wide 
     implementation of the measures developed pursuant to 
     paragraphs (1) through (4).
       (c) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the results of the study 
     under subsection (a).

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 800. Authority for continuous integration and delivery of software 
              applications and upgrades to embedded systems.
Sec. 801. Pilot program on intellectual property evaluation for 
              acquisition programs.
Sec. 802. Pilot program to use alpha contracting teams for complex 
              requirements.
Sec. 803. Failure to provide other than certified cost or pricing data 
              upon request.
Sec. 804. Comptroller General report on price reasonableness.
Sec. 805. Limitation on transfer of funds related to cost overruns and 
              cost underruns.
Sec. 806. Standardizing data collection and reporting on use of source 
              selection procedures by Federal agencies.
Sec. 807. Department of Defense use of fixed-price contracts.
Sec. 808. Repeal of continuation of data rights during challenges.
Sec. 809. Repeal of authority to waive acquisition laws to acquire 
              vital national security capabilities.
Sec. 810. Repeal of the Defense Cost Accounting Standards Board.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 815. Modification of Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
              report.
Sec. 816. Modification of written approval requirement for task and 
              delivery order single contract awards.
Sec. 817. Responsibility for data analysis and requirements validation 
              for services contracts.
Sec. 818. Documentation of market research related to commercial item 
              determinations.
Sec. 819. Availability of data on the use of other transaction 
              authority and report on the use of authority to carry out 
              prototype projects.
Sec. 820. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.
Sec. 821. Modification to acquisition authority of the Commander of the 
              United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 822. Extension of Never Contract With the Enemy.
Sec. 823. Modification of justification and approval requirement for 
              certain Department of Defense contracts.
Sec. 824. Extension of sunset relating to Federal Data Center 
              Consolidation Initiative.
Sec. 825. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing 
              processes.
Sec. 826. Uniformity in application of micro-purchase threshold to 
              certain task or delivery orders.
Sec. 827. Requirement for cost estimates on models of commercial e-
              commerce portal program.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 830. Modification of requirements for reporting to Congress on 
              certain acquisition programs.
Sec. 831. Pilot program to streamline decision-making processes for 
              weapon systems.
Sec. 832. Analysis of alternatives pursuant to materiel development 
              decisions.
Sec. 833. Naval vessel certification required before Milestone B 
              approval.

       Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System

Sec. 835. Extramural acquisition innovation and research activities.
Sec. 836. Report on realignment of the defense acquisition system to 
              implement acquisition reforms.
Sec. 837. Report and limitation on the availability of funds relating 
              to the ``middle tier'' of acquisition programs.
Sec. 838. Report on intellectual property policy and the cadre of 
              intellectual property experts.
Sec. 839. Guidance and reports relating to covered defense business 
              systems.
Sec. 840. Implementation guidance for use of a modular open system 
              approach.
Sec. 841. Limitation on availability of funds for the Office of the 
              Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.

                  Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 845. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure integrity of 
              industrial base.
Sec. 846. Report requirements for the national technology and 
              industrial base.
Sec. 847. Mitigating risks related to foreign ownership, control, or 
              influence of Department of Defense contractors or 
              subcontractors.
Sec. 848. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
              unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 849. Modification of prohibition on acquisition of sensitive 
              materials from non-allied foreign nations.
Sec. 850. Acquisition and disposal of certain rare earth materials.
Sec. 851. Pilot program for development of technology-enhanced 
              capabilities with partnership intermediaries.
Sec. 852. Authorized official to carry out the procurement technical 
              assistance cooperative agreement program.
Sec. 853. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
              the national technology and industrial base.
Sec. 854. Addition of domestically produced stainless steel flatware 
              and dinnerware to the Berry Amendment.
Sec. 855. Application of miscellaneous technology base policies and 
              programs to the Columbia-class submarine program.
Sec. 856. Application of limitation on procurement of goods other than 
              United States goods to the FFG-Frigate Program.
Sec. 857. Sense of Congress regarding consideration of price in 
              procurement of the FFG(X) frigate.

        Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 860. Establishment of Defense Civilian Training Corps.

[[Page H9471]]

Sec. 861. Defense acquisition workforce certification, education, and 
              career fields.
Sec. 862. Software development and software acquisition training and 
              management programs.
Sec. 863. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of 
              Defense employees to a private-sector organization.
Sec. 864. Incentives and consideration for qualified training programs.
Sec. 865. Use of qualified apprentices by military construction 
              contractors.

                   Subtitle G--Small Business Matters

Sec. 870. Requirements relating to credit for certain small business 
              concern subcontractors.
Sec. 871. Inclusion of best in class designations in annual report on 
              small business goals.
Sec. 872. Reauthorization and improvement of Department of Defense 
              Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 873. Accelerated payments applicable to contracts with certain 
              small business concerns under the Prompt Payment Act.
Sec. 874. Postaward explanations for unsuccessful offerors for certain 
              contracts.
Sec. 875. Small business contracting credit for subcontractors that are 
              Puerto Rico businesses or covered territory businesses.
Sec. 876. Technical amendment regarding treatment of certain surviving 
              spouses under the definition of small business concern 
              owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans.
Sec. 877. Extension of loan assistance and deferral eligibility to 
              reservists and members of the National Guard beyond 
              periods of military conflict.
Sec. 878. Modification to the Defense Research and Development Rapid 
              Innovation Program.
Sec. 879. Alignment of the Department of Defense Small Business 
              Innovation Research Program and Small Business Technology 
              Transfer Program with the National Defense Science and 
              Technology Strategy.
Sec. 880. Assistance for small business concerns participating in the 
              SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 881. Cybersecurity technical assistance for SBIR and STTR 
              programs.
Sec. 882. Funding for defense research activities of small business 
              concerns.
Sec. 883. Modifications to budget display requirements for the 
              Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research 
              Program and Small Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 884. Pilot program for domestic investment under the SBIR program.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 885. Review of guidance to contractors on nondiscrimination on the 
              basis of sex.
Sec. 886. Comptroller General report on contractor violations of 
              certain labor laws.
Sec. 887. Comptroller General report on contingency contracting.
Sec. 888. Policies and procedures for contractors to report gross 
              violations of internationally recognized human rights.
Sec. 889. Comptroller General report on oversight of contractors 
              providing private security functions.
Sec. 890. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have business 
              operations with the Maduro regime.
Sec. 891. Report on the Combating Trafficking in Persons initiative.
Sec. 892. Improved management of information technology and cyberspace 
              investments.
Sec. 893. Modification to requirements for purchase of commercial 
              leasing services pursuant to multiple award contracts.

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

     SEC. 800. AUTHORITY FOR CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION AND DELIVERY 
                   OF SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS AND UPGRADES TO 
                   EMBEDDED SYSTEMS.

       (a) Software Acquisition and Development Pathways.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall establish pathways as described 
     under subsection (b) to provide for the efficient and 
     effective acquisition, development, integration, and timely 
     delivery of secure software. Such a pathway shall include the 
     following:
       (1) Use of proven technologies and solutions.--A pathway 
     established under this section shall provide for the use of 
     proven technologies and solutions to continuously engineer 
     and deliver capabilities in software.
       (2) Use of authority.--In using the authority under this 
     section, the Secretary shall consider how such use will--
       (A) initiate the engineering of new software capabilities 
     quickly;
       (B) demonstrate the viability and effectiveness of such 
     capabilities for operational use not later than one year 
     after the date on which funds are first obligated to acquire 
     or develop software; and
       (C) allow for the continuous updating and delivery of new 
     capabilities not less frequently than annually to iteratively 
     meet a requirement.
       (3) Treatment not as major defense acquisition program.--
     Software acquired or developed using the authority under this 
     section shall not be treated as a major defense acquisition 
     program for purposes of section 2430 of title 10, United 
     States Code, or Department of Defense Directive 5000.01 
     without the specific direction of the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment or a Senior 
     Acquisition Executive.
       (4) Risk-based approach.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     use a risk-based approach for the consideration of innovative 
     technologies and new capabilities for software to be acquired 
     or developed under this authority to meet needs communicated 
     by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the combatant commanders.
       (b) Pathways.--The Secretary of Defense may establish as 
     many pathways as the Secretary determines appropriate and 
     shall establish the following pathways:
       (1) Applications.--The applications software acquisition 
     pathway shall provide for the use of rapid development and 
     implementation of applications and other software or software 
     improvements operated by the Department of Defense, which may 
     include applications running on commercial commodity hardware 
     (including modified hardware) and commercially available 
     cloud computing platforms.
       (2) Embedded systems.--The embedded systems software 
     acquisition pathway shall provide for the rapid development 
     and insertion of upgrades and improvements for software 
     embedded in weapon systems and other military-unique hardware 
     systems.
       (c) Expedited Process.--
       (1) In general.--A pathway established under subsection (a) 
     shall provide for--
       (A) a streamlined and coordinated requirements, budget, and 
     acquisition process to support rapid fielding of software 
     applications and of software upgrades to embedded systems for 
     operational use in a period of not more than one year from 
     the time that the process is initiated;
       (B) the collection of data on software fielded; and
       (C) continuous engagement with the users of software to 
     support engineering activities, and to support delivery of 
     software for operational use in periods of not more than one 
     year.
       (2) Expedited software requirements process.--
       (A) Inapplicability of joint capabilities integration and 
     development system (jcids) manual.--Software acquisition or 
     development conducted under the authority of this section 
     shall not be subject to the Joint Capabilities Integration 
     and Development System Manual, except pursuant to a modified 
     process specifically provided for the acquisition or 
     development of software by the Vice Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and each service 
     acquisition executive (as defined in section 101(a)(10) of 
     title 10, United States Code).
       (B) Inapplicability of defense acquisition system 
     directive.--Software acquisition or development conducted 
     under the authority of this section shall not be subject to 
     Department of Defense Directive 5000.01, except when 
     specifically provided for the acquisition or development of 
     software by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
     and Sustainment, in consultation with the Vice Chairman of 
     the Joint Chiefs of Staff and each service acquisition 
     executive.
       (d) Elements.--In implementing a pathway established under 
     the authority of this section, the Secretary shall tailor 
     requirements relating to--
       (1) iterative development of requirements for software to 
     be acquired or developed under the authority of this section 
     through engagement with the user community and through the 
     use of operational user feedback, in order to continuously 
     define and update priorities for such requirements;
       (2) early identification of the warfighter or user need, 
     including the rationale for how software capabilities will 
     support increased lethality and efficiency, and 
     identification of a relevant user community;
       (3) initial contract requirements and format, including the 
     use of summary-level lists of problems and shortcomings in 
     existing software and desired features or capabilities of new 
     or upgraded software;
       (4) continuous refinement and prioritization of contract 
     requirements through use of evolutionary processes, informed 
     by continuous engagement with operational users throughout 
     the development and implementation period;
       (5) continuous consideration of issues related to lifecycle 
     costs, technical data rights, and systems interoperability;
       (6) planning for support of software capabilities in cases 
     where the software developer may stop supporting the 
     software;
       (7) rapid contracting procedures, including expedited 
     timeframes for making awards, selecting contract types, 
     defining teaming arrangements, and defining options;
       (8) program execution processes, including supporting 
     development and test infrastructure, automation and tools, 
     digital engineering, data collection and sharing with 
     Department of Defense oversight organizations and with 
     Congress, the role of developmental and operational testing 
     activities, key decision making and oversight events, and 
     supporting processes and activities (such as independent 
     costing activity, operational demonstration, and performance 
     metrics);
       (9) assurances that cybersecurity metrics of the software 
     to be acquired or developed, such as metrics relating to the 
     density of vulnerabilities within the code of such software, 
     the time from vulnerability identification to patch 
     availability, the existence of common weaknesses within such 
     code, and other cybersecurity metrics based on widely-
     recognized standards and industry best practices, are 
     generated

[[Page H9472]]

     and made available to the Department of Defense and the 
     congressional defense committees;
       (10) administrative procedures, including procedures 
     related to who may initiate and approve an acquisition under 
     this authority, the roles and responsibilities of the 
     implementing project or product teams and supporting 
     activities, team selection and staffing process, governance 
     and oversight roles and responsibilities, and appropriate 
     independent technology assessments, testing, and cost 
     estimation (including relevant thresholds or designation 
     criteria);
       (11) mechanisms and waivers designed to ensure flexibility 
     in the implementation of a pathway under this section, 
     including the use of other transaction authority, broad 
     agency announcements, and other procedures; and
       (12) mechanisms the Secretary will use for appropriate 
     reporting to Congress on the use of this authority, including 
     notice of initiation of the use of a pathway and data 
     regarding individual programs or acquisition activities, how 
     acquisition activities are reflected in budget justification 
     materials or requests to reprogram appropriated funds, and 
     compliance with other reporting requirements.
       (e) Guidance Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     issue initial guidance to implement the requirements of this 
     section.
       (2) Limitation.--If the Secretary of Defense has not issued 
     final guidance to implement the requirements of this section 
     before October 1, 2021, the Secretary may not use the 
     authority under this section--
       (A) to establish a new pathway to acquire or develop 
     software; or
       (B) to continue activities to acquire or develop software 
     using a pathway established under initial guidance described 
     in paragraph (1).
       (f) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than October 15, 2020, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in 
     consultation with the secretaries of the military departments 
     and other appropriate officials, shall report on the use of 
     the authority under this section using the initial guidance 
     issued under subsection (d).
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) The final guidance required by subsection (d)(2), 
     including a description of the treatment of use of the 
     authority that was initiated before such final guidance was 
     issued.
       (B) A summary of how the authority under this section has 
     been used, including a list of the cost estimate, schedule 
     for development, testing and delivery, and key management 
     risks for each initiative conducted pursuant to such 
     authority.
       (C) Accomplishments from and challenges to using the 
     authority under this section, including organizational, 
     cultural, talent, infrastructure, testing, and training 
     considerations.
       (D) Recommendations for legislative changes to the 
     authority under this section.
       (E) Recommendations for regulatory changes to the authority 
     under this section to promote effective development and 
     deployment of software acquired or developed under this 
     section.

     SEC. 801. PILOT PROGRAM ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY EVALUATION 
                   FOR ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

       (a) Pilot Program.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and 
     the Secretaries of the military departments may jointly carry 
     out a pilot program to assess mechanisms to evaluate 
     intellectual property (such as technical data deliverables 
     and associated license rights), including commercially 
     available intellectual property valuation analysis and 
     techniques, in acquisition programs for which each such 
     Secretary is responsible to better understand the benefits 
     associated with these mechanisms on--
       (1) the development of cost-effective intellectual property 
     strategies;
       (2) the assessment and management of the value and 
     acquisition costs of intellectual property during acquisition 
     and sustainment activities (including source selection 
     evaluation factors) throughout the acquisition lifecycle for 
     any acquisition program selected by such Secretary; and
       (3) the use of a commercial product (as defined in section 
     103 of title 41, United States Code, as in effect on January 
     1, 2020), commercial service (as defined in section 103a of 
     title 41, United States Code, as in effect on January 1, 
     2020), or nondevelopmental item (as defined in section 110 of 
     title 41, United States Code) as an alternative to a product 
     or service to be specifically developed for a selected 
     acquisition program, including evaluation of the benefits of 
     reduced risk regarding cost, schedule, and performance 
     associated with commercial products, commercial services, and 
     nondevelopmental items.
       (b) Activities.--Activities carried out under the pilot 
     program may include the following:
       (1) Establishment of a team of Department of Defense and 
     private sector subject matter experts (which may include the 
     cadre of intellectual property experts established under 
     section 2322(b) of title 10, United States Code) to--
       (A) recommend acquisition programs to be selected for the 
     pilot program established under subsection (a);
       (B) recommend criteria for the consideration of types of 
     commercial products, commercial services, or nondevelopmental 
     items that can used as an alternative to a product or service 
     to be specifically developed for a selected acquisition 
     program; or
       (C) identify, to the maximum extent practicable at each 
     milestone established for each selected acquisition program, 
     intellectual property evaluation techniques to obtain 
     quantitative and qualitative analysis of intellectual 
     property during the procurement, production and deployment, 
     and operations and support phases for the each selected 
     acquisition program.
       (2) Assessment of commercial valuation techniques for 
     intellectual property for use by the Department of Defense.
       (3) Assessment of the feasibility of agency-level oversight 
     to standardize intellectual property evaluation practices and 
     procedures.
       (4) Assessment of contracting mechanisms to speed delivery 
     of intellectual property to the Armed Forces or reduce 
     sustainment costs.
       (5) Assessment of agency acquisition planning to ensure 
     procurement of appropriate intellectual property deliverables 
     and intellectual property rights necessary for Government-
     planned sustainment activities.
       (6) Engagement with the private sector to--
       (A) support the development of strategies and program 
     requirements to aid in acquisition planning for intellectual 
     property;
       (B) support the development and improvement of intellectual 
     property strategies as part of life-cycle sustainment plans; 
     and
       (C) propose and implement alternative and innovative 
     methods of intellectual property valuation, prioritization, 
     and evaluation techniques for intellectual property.
       (7) Recommendations to the relevant program manager of an 
     acquisition program selected under subsection (a), including 
     evaluation techniques and contracting mechanisms for 
     acquisition and sustainment activities.
       (c) Report.--Not later than November 1, 2020, and annually 
     thereafter through November 1, 2023, the Secretary of 
     Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries concerned, 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a joint 
     report on the pilot program conducted under this section. The 
     report shall, at a minimum, include--
       (1) a description of the acquisition programs selected by 
     the Secretary concerned;
       (2) a description of the specific activities in subsection 
     (c) that were performed under each program;
       (3) an assessment of the effectiveness of the activities;
       (4) an assessment of improvements to acquisition or 
     sustainment activities related to the pilot program; and
       (5) an assessment of the results related to the pilot 
     program, including any cost savings and improvement to 
     mission success during the operations and support phase of 
     the selected acquisition program.

     SEC. 802. PILOT PROGRAM TO USE ALPHA CONTRACTING TEAMS FOR 
                   COMPLEX REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) In General.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall select 
     at least 2, and up to 5, initiatives to participate in a 
     pilot to use teams that, with the advice of expert third 
     parties, focus on the development of complex contract 
     technical requirements for services, with each team focusing 
     on developing achievable technical requirements that are 
     appropriately valued and identifying the most effective 
     acquisition strategy to achieve those requirements.
       (2) The Secretary shall develop metrics for tracking 
     progress of the program at improving quality and acquisition 
     cycle time.
       (b) Development of Criteria and Initiatives.--(1) Not later 
     than February 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish the pilot program and notify the congressional 
     defense committees of the criteria used to select initiatives 
     and the metrics used to track progress.
       (2) Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary shall notify 
     the congressional defense committees of the initiatives 
     selected for the program.
       (3) Not later than December 1, 2020, the Secretary shall 
     brief the congressional defense committees on the progress of 
     the selected initiatives, including the progress of the 
     initiatives at improving quality and acquisition cycle time 
     according to the metrics developed under subsection (a)(2).

     SEC. 803. FAILURE TO PROVIDE OTHER THAN CERTIFIED COST OR 
                   PRICING DATA UPON REQUEST.

       Section 2306a(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following: 
     ``Contracting officers shall not determine the price of a 
     contract or subcontract to be fair and reasonable based 
     solely on historical prices paid by the Government.'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(2) Ineligibility for award.--(A) In the event the 
     contracting officer is unable to determine proposed prices 
     are fair and reasonable by any other means, an offeror who 
     fails to make a good faith effort to comply with a reasonable 
     request to submit data in accordance with paragraph (1) is 
     ineligible for award unless the head of the contracting 
     activity, or the designee of the head of contracting 
     activity, determines that it is in the best interest of the 
     Government to make the award to that offeror, based on 
     consideration of pertinent factors, including the following:
       ``(i) The effort to obtain the data.
       ``(ii) Availability of other sources of supply of the item 
     or service.
       ``(iii) The urgency or criticality of the Government's need 
     for the item or service.
       ``(iv) Reasonableness of the price of the contract, 
     subcontract, or modification of the contract or subcontract 
     based on information available to the contracting officer.
       ``(v) Rationale or justification made by the offeror for 
     not providing the requested data.
       ``(vi) Risk to the Government if award is not made.
       ``(B)(i) Any new determination made by the head of the 
     contracting activity under subparagraph (A) shall be reported 
     to the Principal Director, Defense Pricing and Contracting on 
     a quarterly basis.
       ``(ii) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, or a designee, shall

[[Page H9473]]

     produce an annual report identifying offerors that have 
     denied multiple requests for submission of uncertified cost 
     or pricing data over the preceding three-year period, but 
     nevertheless received an award. The report shall identify 
     products or services offered by such offerors that should 
     undergo should-cost analysis. The Secretary of Defense may 
     include a notation on such offerors in the system used by the 
     Federal Government to monitor or record contractor past 
     performance. The Under Secretary shall assess the extent to 
     which these offerors are sole source providers within the 
     defense industrial base and shall develop strategies to 
     incentivize new entrants into the industrial base to increase 
     the availability of other sources of supply for the product 
     or service.''.

     SEC. 804. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON PRICE REASONABLENESS.

       Not later than March 31, 2021, the Comptroller General of 
     the United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees, the Committee on Oversight and Reform of the 
     House of Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland 
     Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report on 
     the efforts of the Secretary of Defense to secure data 
     relating to the price reasonableness of offers from offerors. 
     The report shall include a review of--
       (1) the number of, and justification for, any waiver of 
     requirements for submission of certified cost or pricing data 
     for sole source contracts for spare parts issued during 
     fiscal years 2015 through 2019 pursuant to section 
     2306a(b)(1)(C) of title 10, United States Code;
       (2) the number of, and justification for, any exception to 
     the requirements for submission of certified cost or pricing 
     data for sole source contracts for spare parts provided 
     during fiscal years 2015 through 2019 pursuant to section 
     2306a(b)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code;
       (3) the number of contracts awarded for which a request for 
     cost or pricing data, including data other than certified 
     cost or pricing data, to determine price reasonableness was 
     denied by an offeror at the time of award;
       (4) actions taken by the Secretary if an offeror refused to 
     provide requested data described in paragraph (2), 
     including--
       (A) whether the contracting officer included a notation in 
     the system used by the Federal Government to monitor or 
     record contractor past performance regarding the refusal of 
     an offeror to provide such data;
       (B) any strategies developed by the Secretary to acquire 
     the good that was the subject of a contract for which the 
     offeror refused to provide such data in the future without 
     the need for such a waiver.

     SEC. 805. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF FUNDS RELATED TO COST 
                   OVERRUNS AND COST UNDERRUNS.

       (a) In General.--Section 828(a) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 
     U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking ``For each of fiscal 
     years 2018 through 2022'' and inserting ``For fiscal years 
     2018 and 2019''.
       (b) Technical Amendment.--Section 825 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
     115-91; 131 Stat. 1466; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
       (1) by repealing subsection (b); and
       (2) by striking ``(a) In General.--''.

     SEC. 806. STANDARDIZING DATA COLLECTION AND REPORTING ON USE 
                   OF SOURCE SELECTION PROCEDURES BY FEDERAL 
                   AGENCIES.

       (a) Repeal of Government Accountability Office Reporting 
     Requirements on Use of Lowest Price Technically Acceptable 
     Source Selection Criteria.--
       (1) Department of defense.--Section 813 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 
     2305 note) is amended by striking subsection (d).
       (2) Other agencies.--Section 880 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1910; 41 U.S.C. 3701 note) is 
     amended by striking subsection (d) and redesignating 
     subsection (e) as subsection (d).
       (b) Revision to the Federal Procurement Data System.--Not 
     later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, the Administrator of General Services, in coordination 
     with the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy, shall 
     direct appropriate revisions to the Federal procurement data 
     system established pursuant to section 1122(a)(4) of title 
     41, United States Code (or any successor system), to 
     facilitate the collection of complete, timely, and reliable 
     data on the source selection processes used by Federal 
     agencies for the contract actions being reported in the 
     system. The Administrator of General Services shall ensure 
     that data are collected--
       (1) at a minimum, on the usage of the lowest price 
     technically acceptable contracting methods and best value 
     contracting methods process; and
       (2) on all applicable contracting actions, including task 
     orders or delivery orders issued under indefinite delivery-
     indefinite quantity contracts.

     SEC. 807. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE USE OF FIXED-PRICE CONTRACTS.

       (a) Department of Defense Review.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall review how the Department 
     of Defense informs decisions to use fixed-price contracts to 
     support broader acquisition objectives to ensure that such 
     decisions are made strategically and consistently. The review 
     should include decisions on the use of the various types of 
     fixed price contracts, including fixed-price incentive 
     contracts.
       (2) Briefing.--Not later than February 1, 2020, the Under 
     Secretary shall brief the congressional defense committees on 
     the findings of the review required under paragraph (1).
       (b) Comptroller General Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the Department 
     of Defense's use of fixed-price contracts, including 
     different types of fixed-price contracts.
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) A description of the extent to which fixed-price 
     contracts have been used over time and the conditions in 
     which they are used.
       (B) An assessment of the effects of the decisions to use 
     fixed-price contract types, such as any additional costs or 
     savings or efficiencies in contract administration.
       (C) An assessment of how decisions to use various types of 
     fixed-price contracts affects the contract closeout process.
       (c) Delayed Implementation of Regulations Requiring the Use 
     of Fixed-Price Contracts for Foreign Military Sales.--The 
     regulations prescribed pursuant to section 830(a) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     (Public Law 114-328; 22 U.S.C. 2762 note) shall not take 
     effect until December 31, 2020. The regulations as so 
     prescribed shall take into account the findings of the review 
     conducted under subsection (a)(1).

     SEC. 808. REPEAL OF CONTINUATION OF DATA RIGHTS DURING 
                   CHALLENGES.

       (a) Repeal.--Section 866 of the John S. McCain National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
     115-232; 132 Stat. 1901; 10 U.S.C. 2321) is repealed.
       (b) Restoration of Amended Provision.--Subsection (i) of 
     section 2321 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
     read as follows:
       ``(i) Rights and Liability Upon Final Disposition.--(1) If, 
     upon final disposition, the contracting officer's challenge 
     to the use or release restriction is sustained--
       ``(A) the restriction shall be cancelled; and
       ``(B) if the asserted restriction is found not to be 
     substantially justified, the contractor or subcontractor 
     asserting the restriction shall be liable to the United 
     States for payment of the cost to the United States of 
     reviewing the asserted restriction and the fees and other 
     expenses (as defined in section 2412(d)(2)(A) of title 28) 
     incurred by the United States in challenging the asserted 
     restriction, unless special circumstances would make such 
     payment unjust.
       ``(2) If, upon final disposition, the contracting officer's 
     challenge to the use or release restriction is not 
     sustained--
       ``(A) the United States shall continue to be bound by the 
     restriction; and
       ``(B) the United States shall be liable for payment to the 
     party asserting the restriction for fees and other expenses 
     (as defined in section 2412(d)(2)(A) of title 28) incurred by 
     the party asserting the restriction in defending the asserted 
     restriction if the challenge by the United States is found 
     not to be made in good faith.''.

     SEC. 809. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE ACQUISITION LAWS TO 
                   ACQUIRE VITAL NATIONAL SECURITY CAPABILITIES.

       Section 806 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
     repealed.

     SEC. 810. REPEAL OF THE DEFENSE COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS 
                   BOARD.

       (a) Repeal.--Section 190 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is repealed.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 7 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 190.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

     SEC. 815. MODIFICATION OF DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONAL TEST AND 
                   EVALUATION REPORT.

       Section 139(h) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``, through January 31, 
     2021'' and inserting ``, through January 31, 2025''; and
       (2) by amending paragraph (5) to read as follows:
       ``(5) The Director shall solicit comments from the 
     Secretaries of the military departments on each report of the 
     Director to Congress under this section and include any 
     comments as an appendix to the Director's report. The 
     Director shall determine the amount of time available for the 
     Secretaries to comment on the draft report on a case by case 
     basis, and consider the extent to which substantive 
     discussions have already been held between the Director and 
     the military department. The Director shall reserve the right 
     to issue the report without comment from a military 
     department if the department's comments are not received 
     within the time provided, and shall indicate any such 
     omission in the report.''.

     SEC. 816. MODIFICATION OF WRITTEN APPROVAL REQUIREMENT FOR 
                   TASK AND DELIVERY ORDER SINGLE CONTRACT AWARDS.

       Section 2304a(d)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B), by redesignating clauses (i) and 
     (ii) as subclauses (I) and (II), respectively;
       (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) 
     as clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv), respectively;
       (3) by striking ``No task or delivery order contract'' and 
     inserting ``(A) Except as provided under subparagraph (B), no 
     task or delivery order contract''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) A task or delivery order contract in an amount 
     estimated to exceed $100,000,000 (including all options) may 
     be awarded to a single source without the written 
     determination otherwise required under subparagraph (A) if 
     the

[[Page H9474]]

     head of the agency has made a written determination pursuant 
     to section 2304(c) of this title that procedures other than 
     competitive procedures may be used for the awarding of such 
     contract.''.

     SEC. 817. RESPONSIBILITY FOR DATA ANALYSIS AND REQUIREMENTS 
                   VALIDATION FOR SERVICES CONTRACTS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2329 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, acting through the 
     Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and Director of Cost 
     Assessment and Program Evaluation,'' after ``Secretary of 
     Defense'';
       (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by inserting ``, acting through the Under Secretary of 
     Defense (Comptroller) and Director of Cost Assessment and 
     Program Evaluation,'' after ``Secretary of Defense''; and
       (3) in subsection (c)(2)(A), by inserting ``, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and 
     Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation,'' after 
     ``Secretary of Defense''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 818(b) of the John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1852) is amended by 
     striking ``the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment'' and inserting ``the Under Secretary of Defense 
     (Comptroller) and Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
     Evaluation''.

     SEC. 818. DOCUMENTATION OF MARKET RESEARCH RELATED TO 
                   COMMERCIAL ITEM DETERMINATIONS.

       (a) Department of Defense Procurements.--
       (1) In general.--Section 2377(c) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(4) The head of an agency shall document the results of 
     market research in a manner appropriate to the size and 
     complexity of the acquisition.''.
       (2) Conforming amendment related to prospective 
     amendment.--Section 836(d)(3)(C)(ii) of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232) is amended by striking ``in paragraph 
     (4)'' and inserting ``in paragraph (5)''.
       (b) Civilian Agency Procurements.--Section 3307(d) of title 
     41, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(4) Documentation.--The head of the agency shall document 
     the results of market research in a manner appropriate to the 
     size and complexity of the acquisition.''.

     SEC. 819. AVAILABILITY OF DATA ON THE USE OF OTHER 
                   TRANSACTION AUTHORITY AND REPORT ON THE USE OF 
                   AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT PROTOTYPE PROJECTS.

       Section 873 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     132 Stat. 1905; 10 U.S.C. 2371 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
     and'';
       (B) by striking ``shall analyze'' and inserting the 
     following: ``shall--
       ``(1) analyze''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) make the data collected under subsection (a) 
     accessible to any official designated by the Secretary of 
     Defense for inclusion by such official in relevant reports 
     made by such official.''; and
       (2) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
       ``(c) Report Required.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2019, and 
     annually thereafter through December 31, 2023, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the use of other transaction authority 
     to carry out prototype projects during the preceding fiscal 
     year. Each report shall summarize the data collected under 
     subsection (a) on the nature and extent of each such use of 
     the authority, including a description--
       ``(A) of the participants to an agreement entered into 
     pursuant to the authority of subsection (a) of section 2371b 
     of title 10, United States Code, or a follow-on contract or 
     transaction entered into pursuant to the authority of 
     subsection (f) of such section;
       ``(B) of the quantity of prototype projects to be produced 
     pursuant to such an agreement, follow-on contract, or 
     transaction;
       ``(C) of the amount of payments made pursuant to each such 
     agreement, follow-on contract, or transaction;
       ``(D) of the purpose, description, and status of prototype 
     projects carried out pursuant to each such agreement, follow-
     on contract, or transaction; and
       ``(E) including case examples, of the successes and 
     challenges with using the authority of such subsection (a) or 
     (f).
       ``(2) Form of report.--A report required under this 
     subsection shall be submitted in unclassified form without 
     any designation relating to dissemination control, but may 
     contain a classified annex.''.

     SEC. 820. NOTIFICATION OF NAVY PROCUREMENT PRODUCTION 
                   DISRUPTIONS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2339b. Notification of Navy procurement production 
       disruptions

       ``(a) Requirement for Contractor To Provide Notice of 
     Delays.--The Secretary of the Navy shall require prime 
     contractors of any Navy procurement program funded under 
     either the Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy account or the 
     Other Procurement, Navy account to report within 15 calendar 
     days any stop work order or other manufacturing disruption of 
     15 calendar days or more, by the prime contractor or any 
     subcontractor, to the respective program manager and Navy 
     technical authority.
       ``(b) Quarterly Reports.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees not later than 
     15 calendar days after the end of each quarter of a fiscal 
     year a report listing all notifications made pursuant to 
     subsection (a) during the preceding quarter.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2339a 
     the following new item:

``2339b. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.''.

     SEC. 821. MODIFICATION TO ACQUISITION AUTHORITY OF THE 
                   COMMANDER OF THE UNITED STATES CYBER COMMAND.

       Section 807 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) is 
     amended by inserting ``on new contract efforts'' after ``may 
     not obligate or expend more than $75,000,000''.

     SEC. 822. EXTENSION OF NEVER CONTRACT WITH THE ENEMY.

       Section 841(n) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note) is amended by striking ``December 31, 2021'' and 
     inserting ``December 31, 2023''.

     SEC. 823. MODIFICATION OF JUSTIFICATION AND APPROVAL 
                   REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   CONTRACTS.

       (a) Modification of Justification and Approval 
     Requirement.--Notwithstanding section 811 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 
     111-84; 123 Stat. 2405)--
       (1) no justification and approval is required under such 
     section for a sole-source contract awarded by the Department 
     of Defense in a covered procurement for an amount not 
     exceeding $100,000,000; and
       (2) for purposes of subsections (a)(2) and (c)(3)(A) of 
     such section, the appropriate official designated to approve 
     the justification for a sole-source contract awarded by the 
     Department of Defense in a covered procurement exceeding 
     $100,000,000 is the official designated in section 
     2304(f)(1)(B)(ii) of title 10, United States Code.
       (b) Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue 
     guidance to implement the authority under subsection (a).
       (c) Comptroller General Review.--
       (1) Data tracking and collection.--The Department of 
     Defense shall track the use of the authority as modified by 
     subsection (a) and make the data available to the Comptroller 
     General for purposes of the report required under paragraph 
     (2).
       (2) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2022, the Comptroller 
     General of the United States shall submit a report to the 
     congressional defense committees on the use of the authority 
     as modified by subsection (a) through the end of fiscal year 
     2021. The report shall include--
       (A) a review of the financial effect of the change to the 
     justification and approval requirement in subsection (a) on 
     the native corporations and businesses and associated native 
     communities;
       (B) a description of the nature and extent of contracts 
     excluded from the justification and approval requirement by 
     subsection (a); and
       (C) other matters the Comptroller General deems 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 824. EXTENSION OF SUNSET RELATING TO FEDERAL DATA CENTER 
                   CONSOLIDATION INITIATIVE.

       Subsection (e) of section 834 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (44 U.S.C. 3601 note) 
     is amended by striking ``2020'' and inserting ``2022''.

     SEC. 825. PILOT PROGRAM TO ACCELERATE CONTRACTING AND PRICING 
                   PROCESSES.

       Section 890 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     132 Stat. 1919; 10 U.S.C. 2306a note) is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (b);
       (2) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (b) and (c), respectively;
       (3) in subsection (b), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
     striking ``and an assessment of whether the program should be 
     continued or expanded''; and
       (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``January 2, 2021'' and inserting ``January 2, 2023''.

     SEC. 826. UNIFORMITY IN APPLICATION OF MICRO-PURCHASE 
                   THRESHOLD TO CERTAIN TASK OR DELIVERY ORDERS.

       Section 4106(c) of title 41, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``$2,500'' and inserting ``the micro-purchase 
     threshold under section 1902 of this title''.

     SEC. 827. REQUIREMENT FOR COST ESTIMATES ON MODELS OF 
                   COMMERCIAL E-COMMERCE PORTAL PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--In implementing section 846 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91; 41 U.S.C. 1901 note), the Administrator 
     of General Services shall submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees, not later than one year after the 
     first contract is awarded pursuant to such section, a cost 
     estimate for the three models for commercial e-commerce 
     portals identified in section 4.1 of ``Procurement Through 
     Commercial E-Commerce Portals Phase II Report: Market 
     Research & Consultation'' issued by the Administrator in 
     April 2019.
       (b) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--The term 
     ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:

[[Page H9475]]

       (1) The Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     House of Representatives.
       (2) The Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Oversight and 
     Reform of the House of Representatives.
       (3) The Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of 
     the Senate and the Committee on Small Business of the House 
     of Representatives.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

     SEC. 830. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR REPORTING TO 
                   CONGRESS ON CERTAIN ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

       (a) Modification of Report to Congress.--Section 2432 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(1), by adding after ``major defense 
     acquisition programs'' the following: ``and any program that 
     is estimated by the Secretary of Defense to require an 
     eventual total expenditure for research, development, test, 
     and evaluation of more than $300,000,000 (based on fiscal 
     year 1990 constant dollars) or an eventual total expenditure 
     for procurement, including all planned increments or spirals, 
     of more than $1,800,000,000 (based on fiscal year 1990 
     constant dollars)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
       ``(i) Form of Report.--A Selected Acquisition Report 
     required under this section shall be submitted in 
     unclassified form without any designation relating to 
     dissemination control, but may contain a classified annex.
       ``(j) Termination.--The requirements under this section 
     shall terminate after the final submission covering fiscal 
     year 2021.''.
       (b) Proposal for Reports on Acquisition Programs and 
     Activities.--Not later than October 15, 2020, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a proposal for an alternative methodology for 
     reporting on all acquisition programs that includes--
       (1) conforming changes from the most recent update of 
     Department of Defense Directive 5000.01 (The Defense 
     Acquisition System) and Department of Defense Instruction 
     5000.02 (Operation of the Defense Acquisition System);
       (2) the reporting requirements relating to Selected 
     Acquisition Reports under section 2432 of title 10, United 
     States Code;
       (3) the reporting requirements relating to unit costs under 
     section 2433 of such title; and
       (4) the reporting requirements for acquisition programs 
     that use alternative acquisition pathways or tailored 
     acquisition procedures.

     SEC. 831. PILOT PROGRAM TO STREAMLINE DECISION-MAKING 
                   PROCESSES FOR WEAPON SYSTEMS.

       (a) Candidate Acquisition Programs.--Not later than 
     February 1, 2020, each Service Acquisition Executive shall 
     recommend to the Secretary of Defense at least one major 
     defense acquisition program for a pilot program to include 
     tailored measures to streamline the entire milestone decision 
     process, with the results evaluated and reported for 
     potential wider use.
       (b) Elements.--Each pilot program selected pursuant to 
     subsection (a) shall include the following elements:
       (1) Delineating the appropriate information needed to 
     support milestone decisions, assuring program accountability 
     and oversight, which should be based on the business case 
     principles needed for well-informed milestone decisions, 
     including user-defined requirements, reasonable acquisition 
     and life-cycle cost estimates, and a knowledge-based 
     acquisition plan for maturing technologies, stabilizing the 
     program design, and ensuring key manufacturing processes are 
     in control.
       (2) Developing an efficient process for providing this 
     information to the milestone decision authority by--
       (A) minimizing any reviews between the program office and 
     the different functional staff offices within each chain of 
     command level; and
       (B) establishing frequent, regular interaction between the 
     program office and milestone decision makers, in lieu of 
     documentation reviews, to help expedite the process.

     SEC. 832. ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES PURSUANT TO MATERIEL 
                   DEVELOPMENT DECISIONS.

       (a) Timeline.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     update existing guidance for analyses of alternatives 
     conducted pursuant to a materiel development decision for a 
     major defense acquisition program to incorporate the 
     following:
       (1) Study completion within nine months.
       (2) Study guidance issued by the Director, Cost Assessment 
     and Program Evaluation of a scope designed to provide for 
     reasonable completion of the study within the nine-month 
     period.
       (3) Procedures for waiver of the timeline requirements of 
     this subsection on a case-by-case basis if--
       (A) the subject of the analysis is of extreme technical 
     complexity;
       (B) collection of additional intelligence is required to 
     inform the analysis;
       (C) insufficient technical expertise is available to 
     complete the analysis; or
       (D) the Secretary determines that there other sufficient 
     reasons for delay of the analysis.
       (b) Reporting.--If an analysis of alternatives cannot be 
     completed within the allotted time, or a waiver is used, the 
     Secretary shall report to the congressional defense 
     committees the following information:
       (1) For a waiver, the basis for use of the waivers, 
     including the reasons why the study cannot be completed 
     within the allotted time.
       (2) For a study estimated to take more than nine months--
       (A) an estimate of when the analysis will be completed;
       (B) an estimate of any additional costs to complete the 
     analysis; and
       (C) other relevant information pertaining to the analysis 
     and its completion.
       (c) Report on Analyses of Alternatives.--
       (1) Assessment.--
       (A) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall engage with an independent 
     entity, including under the Program for Acquisition 
     Innovation Research, to assess the conduct of analyses of 
     alternatives.
       (B) Elements.--The assessment required under subparagraph 
     (A) shall--
       (i) assess the time required to complete analyses of 
     alternatives within the Department of Defense completed over 
     the last five fiscal years, as compared with best practices;
       (ii) provide recommendations and policy options to improve 
     analyses of alternatives; and
       (iii) discuss any other matters as identified by the Under 
     Secretary.
       (C) Access to data.--The Under Secretary shall ensure that 
     the independent entity is provided access to the data, 
     information, and resources necessary to complete the required 
     analyses and assessment.
       (2) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report including the 
     assessment required under paragraph (1) and a review and 
     assessment by the Under Secretary of the findings made in the 
     assessment.

     SEC. 833. NAVAL VESSEL CERTIFICATION REQUIRED BEFORE 
                   MILESTONE B APPROVAL.

       Section 2366b(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (3)(O), by striking ``; and'' and 
     inserting a semicolon;
       (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) in the case of a naval vessel program, certifies 
     compliance with the requirements of section 8669b of this 
     title.''.

       Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System

     SEC. 835. EXTRAMURAL ACQUISITION INNOVATION AND RESEARCH 
                   ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Extramural Acquisition Innovation and Research 
     Activities.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2361 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2361a. Extramural acquisition innovation and research 
       activities

       ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment and in coordination with the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering, shall establish and 
     maintain extramural acquisition innovation and research 
     activities as described in subsection (d), which shall 
     include an acquisition research organization within a 
     civilian college or university that is not owned or operated 
     by the Federal Government that is established to provide and 
     maintain essential research and development capabilities 
     through a long-term strategic relationship with the 
     Department of Defense.
       ``(b) Goals.--The goal of any activity conducted pursuant 
     to this section shall be to provide academic analyses and 
     policy alternatives for innovation in defense acquisition 
     policies and practices to policymakers in the Federal 
     Government by using a variety of means intended to widely 
     disseminate research findings from such an activity, in 
     addition to executing demonstration and pilot programs of 
     innovative acquisition policies and practices.
       ``(c) Director.--
       ``(1) Appointment.--Not later than June 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall appoint an individual from 
     civilian life to serve as the director for the extramural 
     acquisition innovation and research activities required by 
     this section (referred to in this section as the `Director').
       ``(2) Term.--The Director shall serve a term of five years.
       ``(d) Activities.--The activities described in this 
     subsection are as follows:
       ``(1) Research on past and current defense acquisition 
     policies and practices, commercial and international best 
     practices, and the application of new technologies and 
     analytical capabilities to improve acquisition policies and 
     practices.
       ``(2) Pilot programs to prototype and demonstrate new 
     acquisition practices for potential transition to wider use 
     in the Department of Defense.
       ``(3) Establishment of data repositories and development of 
     analytical capabilities, in coordination with the Chief Data 
     Officer of the Department of Defense, to enable researchers 
     and acquisition professionals to access and analyze 
     historical data sets to support research and new policy and 
     practice development.
       ``(4) Executive education to--
       ``(A) support acquisition workforce development, including 
     for early career, mid-career, and senior leaders; and
       ``(B) provide appropriate education on acquisition issues 
     to non-acquisition professionals.
       ``(5) On an ongoing basis, a review of the implementation 
     of recommendations contained in relevant Department of 
     Defense and private sector studies on acquisition policies 
     and practices, including--
       ``(A) for recommendations for the enactment of legislation, 
     identify the extent to which the recommendations have been 
     enacted into law by Congress;
       ``(B) for recommendations for the issuance of regulations, 
     identify the extent to which the recommendations have been 
     adopted through the issuance or revision of regulations;

[[Page H9476]]

       ``(C) for recommendations for revisions to policies and 
     procedures in the executive branch, identify the extent to 
     which the recommendations have been adopted through issuance 
     of an appropriate implementing directive or other form of 
     guidance; and
       ``(D) for recommendations for the resources required to 
     implement recommendations contained in relevant Department of 
     Defense and private sector studies on acquisition policies 
     and practices.
       ``(6) Engagement with researchers and acquisition 
     professionals in the Department of Defense, as appropriate.
       ``(e) Funding.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Secretary may use amounts available in 
     the Defense Acquisition Workforce and Development Account to 
     carry out the requirements of this section.
       ``(f) Annual Report.--Not later than September 30, 2021, 
     and annually thereafter, the Director shall submit to the 
     Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense committees 
     a report describing the activities conducted under this 
     section during the previous year.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2361 the following new item:

``2361a. Extramural acquisition innovation and research activities.''.
       (3) Implementation.--
       (A) Deadline.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall establish the extramural acquisition 
     innovation and research activities required by section 2361a 
     of title 10, United States Code (as added by this 
     subsection).
       (B) Report.--
       (i) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the 
     Director of the extramural acquisition innovation and 
     research activities appointed under such section shall submit 
     to the Secretary of Defense a report setting forth a plan, 
     proposed budget, and schedule for execution of such 
     activities.
       (ii) Transmittal.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall transmit the report required under 
     clause (i), together with whatever comments the Secretary 
     considers appropriate, to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives.
       (b) Records of the Section 809 Panel.--
       (1) Transfer and maintenance of records.--Not later than 
     March 1, 2020, the records of the Section 809 Panel shall be 
     transferred to, and shall be maintained by, the Defense 
     Technical Information Center.
       (2) Status of records.--Working papers, records of 
     interview, and any other draft work products generated for 
     any purpose by the Section 809 Panel shall be covered by the 
     deliberative process privilege exemption under paragraph (5) 
     of section 552(b) of title 5, United States Code.
       (3) Availability.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
     Secretary shall make the records available to support 
     activities conducted by the research organization described 
     under section 2361a of title 10, United States Code (as added 
     by subsection (a)).
       (4) Section 809 panel defined.--In this subsection, the 
     term ``Section 809 Panel'' means the panel established by the 
     Secretary of Defense pursuant to section 809 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
     114-92).

     SEC. 836. REPORT ON REALIGNMENT OF THE DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
                   SYSTEM TO IMPLEMENT ACQUISITION REFORMS.

       The Secretary of Defense shall include with the budget for 
     fiscal year 2021, as submitted to Congress pursuant to 
     section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, a report on 
     the progress of implementing acquisition reform initiatives 
     that have been enacted into law through Department of Defense 
     regulations, Directives, Instructions, or other guidance. 
     Such report shall include a description of--
       (1) how the Secretary will identify, quantify, assess, and 
     manage acquisition program risks;
       (2) what changes have been made to systems for collecting 
     and sharing data on acquisition programs, including how 
     access to acquisition program data is managed; and
       (3) updates to, or the implementation of, procedures for 
     tailoring acquisition methods, including alternative 
     acquisition pathways such as--
       (A) the use of the ``middle tier'' of acquisition programs 
     described under section 804 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 
     U.S.C. 2302 note);
       (B) the alternative acquisition pathways established under 
     section 805 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note);
       (C) a software acquisition pathway described under section 
     800 of this Act; and
       (D) the use of procedures to respond to urgent operational 
     needs.

     SEC. 837. REPORT AND LIMITATION ON THE AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS 
                   RELATING TO THE ``MIDDLE TIER'' OF ACQUISITION 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) Report.--Not later than December 15, 2019, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     includes the guidance required under section 804(a) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note). The Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall ensure such 
     guidance includes the business case elements required by an 
     acquisition program established pursuant to such guidance and 
     the metrics required to assess the performance of such a 
     program.
       (b) Limitation.--
       (1) In general.--Beginning on December 15, 2019, if the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
     has not submitted the report required under subsection (a), 
     not more than 75 percent of the funds specified in paragraph 
     (2) may be obligated or expended until the date on which the 
     report required under subsection (a) has been submitted.
       (2) Funds specified.--The funds specified in this paragraph 
     are the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     Department of Defense that remain unobligated as of December 
     15, 2019, for the following:
       (A) The execution of any acquisition program established 
     pursuant to the guidance required under such section 804(a).
       (B) The operations of the Office of the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research & Engineering.
       (C) The operations of the Office of the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition & Sustainment.
       (D) The operations of the Office of the Director of Cost 
     Analysis and Program Evaluation.
       (E) The operations of the offices of the service 
     acquisition executives of the military departments.

     SEC. 838. REPORT ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY POLICY AND THE 
                   CADRE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY EXPERTS.

       (a) In General.--Section 802 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1450) is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(c) Report.--Not later than December 15, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report that includes--
       ``(1) the policy required in subsection (a) of section 2322 
     of title 10, United States Code;
       ``(2) an identification of each member of the cadre of 
     intellectual property experts required in subsection (b) of 
     such section and the office to which such member belongs;
       ``(3) a description of the leadership structure and the 
     office that will manage the cadre of intellectual property 
     experts; and
       ``(4) a description of the specific activities performed, 
     and programs and efforts supported, by the cadre of 
     intellectual property experts during the 12-month period 
     preceding the date of the report.''.
       (b) Limitation.--
       (1) In general.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
     for the Department of Defense, not more than 75 percent may 
     be obligated or expended for any of the offices described in 
     paragraph (2) until the date on which the Secretary of 
     Defense submits the report required under subsection (c) of 
     section 802 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1450), as 
     added by this section.
       (2) Offices described.--The offices described in this 
     paragraph are as follows:
       (A) The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment.
       (B) The Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army for 
     Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology.
       (C) The Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for 
     Research, Development, and Acquisition.
       (D) The Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force 
     for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.

     SEC. 839. GUIDANCE AND REPORTS RELATING TO COVERED DEFENSE 
                   BUSINESS SYSTEMS.

       (a) Amendments to Guidance for Covered Defense Business 
     Systems.--Section 2222(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``subsection (c)(1)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(7) Policy to ensure a covered defense business system is 
     in compliance with the Department's auditability 
     requirements.
       ``(8) Policy to ensure approvals required for the 
     development of a covered defense business system.''.
       (b) Reports.--
       (1) Guidance.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report--
       (A) not later than December 31, 2019, that includes the 
     guidance required under paragraph (1) of section 2222(c) of 
     title 10, United States Code; and
       (B) not later than March 31, 2020, that includes the 
     guidance required under paragraph (2) of such section.
       (2) Information technology and defense business enterprise 
     architecture.--Not later than February 1, 2020, the Chief 
     Information Officer of the Department of Defense shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a notification that 
     the information technology enterprise architecture required 
     under subparagraph (B) of section 2222(e)(4) of title 10, 
     United States Code--
       (A) has been established, including a schedule for 
     implementing the plan required under such subparagraph (B) 
     and a schedule for integrating the defense business 
     enterprise architecture into the information technology 
     enterprise architecture (as required under subparagraph (A) 
     of such section); or
       (B) has not been established, and include a schedule for--
       (i) establishing such architecture;
       (ii) implementing the plan required under such subparagraph 
     (B); and
       (iii) integrating the defense business enterprise 
     architecture into the information technology enterprise 
     architecture (as required under subparagraph (A) of such 
     section).

[[Page H9477]]

     SEC. 840. IMPLEMENTATION GUIDANCE FOR USE OF A MODULAR OPEN 
                   SYSTEM APPROACH.

       (a) Guidance for Program Capabilities Development and 
     Acquisition Weapon System Design.--Section 2446b of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(f) Implementation Guidance.--The Secretaries of the 
     military departments shall issue guidance to implement the 
     requirements of this section.''.
       (b) Guidance for Major System Interfaces.--Section 2446c of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the end and 
     adding ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(6) issue guidance to implement the requirements of this 
     section.''.

     SEC. 841. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE OFFICE 
                   OF THE CHIEF MANAGEMENT OFFICER OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       Of the funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise 
     made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of 
     Defense, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or 
     expended for the Office of the Chief Management Officer until 
     the date on which the Chief Management Officer submits to the 
     congressional defense committees--
       (1) the certification of cost savings described in 
     subparagraph (A) of section 921(b)(5) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     10 U.S.C. 2222 note); or
       (2) the notice and justification described in subparagraph 
     (B) of such section.

                  Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

     SEC. 845. MODERNIZATION OF ACQUISITION PROCESSES TO ENSURE 
                   INTEGRITY OF INDUSTRIAL BASE.

       (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 148 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2509. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure 
       integrity of industrial base

       ``(a) Digitization and Modernization.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall streamline and digitize the existing Department 
     of Defense approach for identifying and mitigating risks to 
     the defense industrial base across the acquisition process, 
     creating a continuous model that uses digital tools, 
     technologies, and approaches designed to ensure the 
     accessibility of data to key decision-makers in the 
     Department.
       ``(b) Analytical Framework.--(1) The Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in coordination with 
     the Director of the Defense Counterintelligence and Security 
     Agency and the heads of other elements of the Department of 
     Defense as appropriate, shall develop an analytical framework 
     for risk mitigation across the acquisition process.
       ``(2) The analytical framework required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       ``(A) Characterization and monitoring of supply chain 
     risks, including--
       ``(i) material sources and fragility, including the extent 
     to which sources, items, materials, and articles are mined, 
     produced, or manufactured within or outside the United 
     States;
       ``(ii) telecommunications services or equipment (other than 
     optical transmission components);
       ``(iii) counterfeit parts;
       ``(iv) cybersecurity of contractors;
       ``(v) video surveillance services or equipment;
       ``(vi) vendor vetting in contingency or operational 
     environments;
       ``(vii) other electronic or information technology products 
     and services; and
       ``(viii) other risk areas as determined appropriate.
       ``(B) Characterization and monitoring of risks posed by 
     contractor behavior that constitute violations of laws or 
     regulations, including those relating to--
       ``(i) fraud;
       ``(ii) ownership structures;
       ``(iii) trafficking in persons;
       ``(iv) workers' health and safety;
       ``(v) affiliation with the enemy;
       ``(vi) foreign influence; and
       ``(vii) other risk areas as deemed appropriate.
       ``(C) Characterization and assessment of the acquisition 
     processes and procedures of the Department of Defense, 
     including--
       ``(i) market research;
       ``(ii) responsibility determinations, including 
     consideration of the need for special standards of 
     responsibility to address the risks described in 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B);
       ``(iii) facilities clearances;
       ``(iv) the development of contract requirements;
       ``(v) the technical evaluation of offers and contract 
     awards;
       ``(vi) contractor mobilization, including hiring, training, 
     and establishing facilities;
       ``(vii) contract administration, contract management, and 
     oversight;
       ``(viii) contract audit for closeout;
       ``(ix) suspension and debarment activities and 
     administrative appeals activities;
       ``(x) contractor business system reviews; and
       ``(xi) other relevant processes and procedures.
       ``(D) Characterization and monitoring of the health and 
     activities of the defense industrial base, including those 
     relating to--
       ``(i) balance sheets, revenues, profitability, and debt;
       ``(ii) investment, innovation, and technological and 
     manufacturing sophistication;
       ``(iii) finances, access to capital markets, and cost of 
     raising capital within those markets;
       ``(iv) corporate governance, leadership, and culture of 
     performance; and
       ``(v) history of performance on past Department of Defense 
     and government contracts.
       ``(c) Roles and Responsibilities.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall designate the roles and responsibilities of 
     organizations and individuals to execute activities under 
     this section, including--
       ``(1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, including the Office of Defense Pricing and 
     Contracting and the Office of Industrial Policy;
       ``(2) service acquisition executives;
       ``(3) program offices and procuring contracting officers;
       ``(4) administrative contracting officers within the 
     Defense Contract Management Agency and the Supervisor of 
     Shipbuilding;
       ``(5) the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency;
       ``(6) the Defense Contract Audit Agency;
       ``(7) each element of the Department of Defense which own 
     or operate systems containing data relevant to contractors of 
     the Department;
       ``(8) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering;
       ``(9) the suspension and debarment official of the 
     Department;
       ``(10) the Chief Information Officer; and
       ``(11) other relevant organizations and individuals.
       ``(d) Enabling Data, Tools, and Systems.--(1)(A) The Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in 
     consultation with the Chief Data Officer of the Department of 
     Defense and the Director of the Defense Counterintelligence 
     and Security Agency, shall assess the extent to which 
     existing systems of record relevant to risk assessments and 
     contracting are producing, exposing, and timely maintaining 
     valid and reliable data for the purposes of the Department's 
     continuous assessment and mitigation of risks in the defense 
     industrial base.
       ``(B) The assessment required under subparagraph (A) shall 
     include the following elements:
       ``(i) Identification of the necessary source data, to 
     include data from contractors, intelligence and security 
     activities, program offices, and commercial research 
     entities.
       ``(ii) A description of the modern data infrastructure, 
     tools, and applications and what changes would improve the 
     effectiveness and efficiency of mitigating the risks 
     described in subsection (b)(2).
       ``(iii) An assessment of the following systems owned or 
     operated outside of the Department of Defense that the 
     Department depends upon or to which it provides data:
       ``(I) The Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity 
     Information System (FAPIIS).
       ``(II) The System for Award Management (SAM).
       ``(III) The Federal Procurement Data System-Next Generation 
     (FPDS-NG).
       ``(IV) The Electronic Data Management Information System.
       ``(V) Other systems the Secretary of Defense determines 
     appropriate.
       ``(iv) An assessment of systems owned or operated by the 
     Department of Defense, including the Defense 
     Counterintelligence and Security Agency and other defense 
     agencies and field activities used to capture and analyze the 
     status and performance (including past performance) of 
     vendors and contractors.
       ``(2) Based on the findings pursuant to paragraph (1), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall develop a unified set of 
     activities to modernize the systems of record, data sources 
     and collection methods, and data exposure mechanisms. The 
     unified set of activities should feature--
       ``(A) the ability to continuously collect data on, assess, 
     and mitigate risks;
       ``(B) data analytics and business intelligence tools and 
     methods; and
       ``(C) continuous development and continuous delivery of 
     secure software to implement the activities.
       ``(e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
     be construed to limit or modify any other procurement policy, 
     procedure, requirement, or restriction provided by law.
       ``(f) Implementation and Reporting Requirements.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall carry out the implementation 
     phases set forth in, and submit to the congressional defense 
     committees the items of information required by, the 
     following paragraphs:
       ``(1) Phase 1: implementation plan.--Not later than 90 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this section, an 
     implementation plan and schedule for carrying out the 
     framework established pursuant to subsection (b), including--
       ``(A) a discussion and recommendations for any changes to, 
     or exemptions from, laws necessary for effective 
     implementation, including updating the definitions in section 
     2339a(e) of this title relating to covered procurement, 
     covered system, and covered item of supply, and any similar 
     terms defined in other law or regulation; and
       ``(B) a process for an entity to contact the Department 
     after the entity has taken steps to remediate, mitigate, or 
     otherwise address the risks identified by the Department in 
     conducting activities under subsection (b).
       ``(2) Phase 2: implementation of framework.--Not later than 
     one year after the date of the submission of the 
     implementation plan and schedule required under paragraph 
     (1), a report on the actions taken to implement the framework 
     established pursuant to subsection (b).
       ``(g) Comptroller General Reviews.--
       ``(1) Briefing.--Not later than February 15, 2020, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall brief the 
     congressional defense committees on Department of Defense 
     efforts over the previous 5 years to continuously assess and 
     mitigate risks to the defense industrial base across the 
     acquisition process, and a summary of current and planned 
     efforts.

[[Page H9478]]

       ``(2) Periodic assessments.--The Comptroller General shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees three periodic 
     assessments of Department of Defense progress in implementing 
     the framework required under subsection (b), to be provided 
     not later than October 15, 2020, March 15, 2022, and March 
     15, 2024.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter II of chapter 148 of such title is 
     amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2508 
     the following new item:

``2509. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure integrity of 
              industrial base.''.

     SEC. 846. REPORT REQUIREMENTS FOR THE NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND 
                   INDUSTRIAL BASE.

       (a) National Security Strategy for National Technology and 
     Industrial Base.--Section 2501(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after the first sentence the 
     following new sentence: ``The Secretary shall submit such 
     strategy to Congress not later than 180 days after the date 
     of submission of the national security strategy report 
     required under section 108 of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3043).''.
       (b) Annual Report to Congress.--Section 2504(3) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
     ``Executive order or'' after ``pursuant to'';
       (2) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
       ``(A) a map of the industrial base;'';
       (3) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C); 
     and
       (4) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(B) a prioritized list of gaps or vulnerabilities in the 
     national technology and industrial base, including--
       ``(i) a description of mitigation strategies necessary to 
     address such gaps or vulnerabilities;
       ``(ii) the identification of the Secretary concerned or the 
     head of the Defense Agency responsible for addressing such 
     gaps or vulnerabilities; and
       ``(iii) a proposed timeline for action to address such gaps 
     or vulnerabilities; and''.
       (c) Annual Report on Unfunded Priorities for National 
     Technical Industrial Base.--
       (1) In general.--Subchapter II of chapter 148 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
     2504 the following new section:

     ``Sec. 2504a. Unfunded priorities of the national technology 
       and industrial base: annual report

       ``(a) Annual Report.--Not later than 10 days after the date 
     on which the budget of the President for a fiscal year is 
     submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment shall submit to the Secretary of Defense, the 
     Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the congressional 
     defense committees a report on the unfunded priorities to 
     address gaps or vulnerabilities in the national technology 
     and industrial base.
       ``(b) Elements.--
       ``(1) In general.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
     specify, for each unfunded priority covered by such report, 
     the following:
       ``(A) A summary description of such priority, including the 
     objectives to be achieved if such priority is funded (whether 
     in whole or in part).
       ``(B) The additional amount of funds recommended in 
     connection with the objectives under subparagraph (A).
       ``(C) Account information with respect to such priority, 
     including the following (as applicable):
       ``(i) Line Item Number (LIN) for applicable procurement 
     accounts.
       ``(ii) Program Element (PE) number for applicable research, 
     development, test, and evaluation accounts.
       ``(iii) Sub-activity group (SAG) for applicable operation 
     and maintenance accounts.
       ``(2) Prioritization of priorities.--Each report shall 
     present the unfunded priorities covered by such report in 
     order of urgency of priority.
       ``(c) Unfunded Priority Defined.--In this section, the term 
     `unfunded priority', in the case of a fiscal year, means a 
     program, activity, or mission requirement of the national 
     technology and industrial base that--
       ``(1) is not funded in the budget of the President for the 
     fiscal year as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 
     of title 31;
       ``(2) is necessary to address gaps or vulnerabilities in 
     the national technology and industrial base; and
       ``(3) would have been recommended for funding through the 
     budget referred to in paragraph (1) if--
       ``(A) additional resources had been available for the 
     budget to fund the program, activity, or mission requirement; 
     or
       ``(B) the program, activity, or mission requirement had 
     emerged before the budget was formulated.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections for such 
     subchapter is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     item:

``2504a. Unfunded priorities of the national technology and industrial 
              base: annual report.''.

     SEC. 847. MITIGATING RISKS RELATED TO FOREIGN OWNERSHIP, 
                   CONTROL, OR INFLUENCE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   CONTRACTORS OR SUBCONTRACTORS.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Beneficial owner; beneficial ownership.--The terms 
     ``beneficial owner'' and ``beneficial ownership'' shall be 
     determined in a manner that is not less stringent than the 
     manner set forth in section 240.13d-3 of title 17, Code of 
     Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of the 
     enactment of this Act).
       (2) Company.--The term ``company'' means any corporation, 
     company, limited liability company, limited partnership, 
     business trust, business association, or other similar 
     entity.
       (3) Covered contractor or subcontractor.--The term 
     ``covered contractor or subcontractor'' means a company that 
     is an existing or prospective contractor or subcontractor of 
     the Department of Defense on a contract or subcontract with a 
     value in excess of $5,000,000, except as provided in 
     subsection (c).
       (4) Foreign ownership, control, or influence; foci.--The 
     terms ``foreign ownership, control, or influence'' and 
     ``FOCI'' have the meanings given those terms in the National 
     Industrial Security Program Operating Manual (DOD 5220.22-M), 
     or a successor document.
       (b) Improved Assessment and Mitigation of Risks Related to 
     Foreign Ownership, Control, or Influence.--
       (1) In general.--In developing and implementing the 
     analytical framework for mitigating risk relating to 
     ownership structures, as required by section 2509 of title 
     10, United States Code, as added by section 845 of this Act, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall improve the process and 
     procedures for the assessment and mitigation of risks related 
     to foreign ownership, control, or influence (FOCI) of 
     contractors and subcontractors doing business with the 
     Department of Defense.
       (2) Elements.--The process and procedures for the 
     assessment and mitigation of risk relating to ownership 
     structures referred to in paragraph (1) shall include the 
     following elements:
       (A) Assessment of foci.--(i) A requirement for covered 
     contractors and subcontractors to disclose to the Defense 
     Counterintelligence and Security Agency, or its successor 
     organization, their beneficial ownership and whether they are 
     under FOCI.
       (ii) A requirement to update such disclosures when changes 
     occur to information previously provided, consistent with or 
     similar to the procedures for updating FOCI information under 
     the National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual 
     (DOD 5220.22-M), or a successor document.
       (iii) A requirement for covered contractors and 
     subcontractors determined to be under FOCI to disclose 
     contact information for each of its foreign owners that is a 
     beneficial owner.
       (iv) A requirement that, at a minimum, the disclosures 
     required by this paragraph be provided at the time the 
     contract or subcontract is awarded, amended, or renewed, but 
     in no case later than one year after the Secretary prescribes 
     regulations to carry out this subsection.
       (B) Responsibility determination.--Consistent with section 
     2509 of title 10, United States Code, as added by section 845 
     of this Act, consideration of FOCI risks as part of 
     responsibility determinations, including--
       (i) whether to establish a special standard of 
     responsibility relating to FOCI risks for covered contractors 
     or subcontractors, and the extent to which the policies and 
     procedures consistent with or similar to those relating to 
     FOCI under the National Industrial Security Program shall be 
     applied to covered contractors or subcontractors;
       (ii) procedures for contracting officers making 
     responsibility determinations regarding whether covered 
     contractors and subcontractors may be under foreign 
     ownership, control, or influence and for determining whether 
     there is reason to believe that such foreign ownership, 
     control, or influence would pose a risk or potential risk to 
     national security or potential compromise because of 
     sensitive data, systems, or processes, such as personally 
     identifiable information, cybersecurity, or national security 
     systems involved with the contract or subcontract; and
       (iii) modification of policies, directives, and practices 
     to provide that an assessment that a covered contractor or 
     subcontractor is under FOCI may be a sufficient basis for a 
     contracting officer to determine that a contractor or 
     subcontractor is not responsible.
       (C) Contract requirements, administration, and oversight 
     relating to foci.--
       (i) Requirements for contract clauses providing for and 
     enforcing disclosures related to changes in FOCI or 
     beneficial ownership during performance of the contract or 
     subcontract, consistent with subparagraph (A), and 
     necessitating the effective mitigation of risks related to 
     FOCI throughout the duration of the contract or subcontract.
       (ii) Pursuant to section 831(c), designation of the 
     appropriate Department of Defense official responsible to 
     approve and to take actions relating to award, modification, 
     termination of a contract, or direction to modify or 
     terminate a subcontract due to an assessment by the Defense 
     Counterintelligence and Security Agency, or its successor 
     organization, that a covered contractor or subcontractor 
     under FOCI poses a risk to national security or potential 
     risk of compromise.
       (iii) A requirement for the provision of additional 
     information regarding beneficial ownership and control of any 
     covered contractor or subcontractor on the contract or 
     subcontract.
       (iv) Other measures as necessary to be consistent with 
     other relevant practices, policies, regulations, and actions, 
     including those under the National Industrial Security 
     Program.
       (c) Applicability to Contracts and Subcontracts for 
     Commercial Products and Services and Other Forms of 
     Acquisition Agreements.--
       (1) Commercial products and services.--The requirements 
     under subsection (b)(2)(A) and (b)(2)(C) shall not apply to a 
     contract or subcontract for commercial products or services, 
     unless a designated senior Department of Defense official 
     specifically requires the applicability of subsections 
     (b)(2)(A) and (b)(2)(C) based on a determination by the 
     designated senior official that the contract or subcontract 
     involves a risk

[[Page H9479]]

     or potential risk to national security or potential 
     compromise because of sensitive data, systems, or processes, 
     such as personally identifiable information, cybersecurity, 
     or national security systems.
       (2) Research and development and procurement activities.--
     The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the requirements 
     of this section are applied to research and development and 
     procurement activities, including for the delivery of 
     services, established through any means including those under 
     section 2358(b) of title 10, United States Code.
       (d) Availability of Resources.--The Secretary shall ensure 
     that sufficient resources, including subject matter 
     expertise, are allocated to execute the functions necessary 
     to carry out this section, including the assessment, 
     mitigation, contract administration, and oversight functions.
       (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to limit or modify any other procurement policy, 
     procedure, requirement, or restriction provided by law, 
     including section 721 of the Defense Production Act of 1950 
     (50 U.S.C. 4565), as amended by the Foreign Interference Risk 
     Review Modernization Act of 2018 (subtitle A of title XVII of 
     Public Law 115-232).
       (f) Availability of Beneficial Ownership Data.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a process to update systems of record to improve 
     the assessment and mitigation of risks associated with FOCI 
     through the inclusion and updating of all appropriate 
     associated uniquely identifying information about the 
     contracts and contractors and subcontracts and subcontractors 
     in the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information 
     System (FAPIIS), administered by the General Services 
     Administration, and the Commercial and Government Entity 
     (CAGE) database, administered by the Defense Logistics 
     Agency.
       (2) Limited availability of information.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall ensure that the information required to be 
     disclosed pursuant to this section is--
       (A) not made public;
       (B) made available via the FAPIIS and CAGE databases; and
       (C) made available to appropriate government departments or 
     agencies.

     SEC. 848. PROHIBITION ON OPERATION OR PROCUREMENT OF FOREIGN-
                   MADE UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

       (a) Prohibition on Agency Operation or Procurement.--The 
     Secretary of Defense may not operate or enter into or renew a 
     contract for the procurement of--
       (1) a covered unmanned aircraft system that--
       (A) is manufactured in a covered foreign country or by an 
     entity domiciled in a covered foreign country;
       (B) uses flight controllers, radios, data transmission 
     devices, cameras, or gimbals manufactured in a covered 
     foreign country or by an entity domiciled in a covered 
     foreign country;
       (C) uses a ground control system or operating software 
     developed in a covered foreign country or by an entity 
     domiciled in a covered foreign country; or
       (D) uses network connectivity or data storage located in or 
     administered by an entity domiciled in a covered foreign 
     country; or
       (2) a system manufactured in a covered foreign country or 
     by an entity domiciled in a covered foreign country for the 
     detection or identification of covered unmanned aircraft 
     systems.
       (b) Exemption.--The Secretary of Defense is exempt from the 
     restriction under subsection (a) if the operation or 
     procurement is for the purposes of--
       (1) Counter-UAS surrogate testing and training; or
       (2) intelligence, electronic warfare, and information 
     warfare operations, testing, analysis, and training.
       (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
     restriction under subsection (a) on a case by case basis by 
     certifying in writing to the congressional defense committees 
     that the operation or procurement is required in the national 
     interest of the United States.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Covered foreign country.--The term ``covered foreign 
     country'' means the People's Republic of China.
       (2) Covered unmanned aircraft system.--The term ``covered 
     unmanned aircraft system'' means an unmanned aircraft system 
     and any related services and equipment.

     SEC. 849. MODIFICATION OF PROHIBITION ON ACQUISITION OF 
                   SENSITIVE MATERIALS FROM NON-ALLIED FOREIGN 
                   NATIONS.

       (a) Expansion of Materials Covered by Prohibition on Sale 
     From National Defense Stockpile.--Subsection (a)(2) of 
     section 2533c of title 10, United States Code, is amended, in 
     the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``covered 
     material'' and inserting ``material''.
       (b) Inclusion of Tantalum in Definition of Covered 
     Materials.--Subsection (d)(1) of such section is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
     inserting a semicolon;
       (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(E) tantalum metals and alloys.''.

     SEC. 850. ACQUISITION AND DISPOSAL OF CERTAIN RARE EARTH 
                   MATERIALS.

       (a) Authority to Dispose of and Acquire Materials for the 
     National Defense Stockpile.--
       (1) Disposal authority.--Pursuant to section 5(b) of the 
     Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 
     98d(b)), the National Defense Stockpile Manager shall dispose 
     of 3,000,000 pounds of tungsten ores and concentrates 
     contained in the National Defense Stockpile (in addition to 
     any amount previously authorized for disposal).
       (2) Acquisition authority.--
       (A) Authority.--Using funds available in the National 
     Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund, the National Defense 
     Stockpile Manager may acquire the following materials 
     determined to be strategic and critical materials required to 
     meet the defense, industrial, and essential civilian needs of 
     the United States:
       (i) Aerospace-grade rayon.
       (ii) Electrolytic manganese metal.
       (iii) Pitch-based carbon fiber.
       (iv) Rare earth cerium compounds.
       (v) Rare earth lanthanum compounds.
       (B) Amount of authority.--The National Defense Stockpile 
     Manager may use up to $37,420,000 in the National Defense 
     Stockpile Transaction Fund for acquisition of the materials 
     specified in this paragraph.
       (3) Fiscal year limitation.--The authority under this 
     subsection is available for purchases made during fiscal year 
     2020 through fiscal year 2024.
       (b) Sense of Congress Relating to National Defense 
     Stockpile Sales.--It is the sense of Congress that tantalum 
     should be designated as a strategic and critical material 
     under the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act 
     (50 U.S.C. 98 et seq.) required to meet the defense, 
     industrial, and essential civilian needs of the United 
     States.
       (c) Report on Supply Chain Issues for Rare Earth 
     Materials.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Defense 
     Logistics Agency, in coordination with the Deputy Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Industrial Policy, shall submit a 
     report to Congress assessing issues relating to the supply 
     chain for rare earth materials. Such report shall include the 
     following:
       (1) An assessment of the rare earth materials in the 
     reserves held by the United States.
       (2) A estimate of the needs of the United States for rare 
     earth materials--
       (A) in general; and
       (B) to support a major near-peer conflict as described in 
     war game scenarios in the 2018 National Defense Strategy.
       (3) An assessment of the extent to which substitutes for 
     rare earth materials are available.
       (4) A strategy or plan to encourage the use of rare earth 
     materials mined, refined, processed, melted, or sintered in 
     the United States, or from trusted allies, including an 
     assessment of the best acquisition practices (which shall 
     include an analysis of best value contracting methods) to 
     ensure the viability of trusted suppliers of rare earth 
     materials to meet national security needs.

     SEC. 851. PILOT PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY-
                   ENHANCED CAPABILITIES WITH PARTNERSHIP 
                   INTERMEDIARIES.

       (a) Establishment.--The Commander of the United States 
     Special Operations Command may use the greater of $2,000,000 
     or 5 percent of the funds required to be expended by the 
     United States Special Operations Command under section 
     9(f)(1) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(f)(1)) for a 
     pilot program to increase participation by small business 
     concerns in the development of technology-enhanced 
     capabilities for special operations forces.
       (b) Use of Partnership Intermediary.--
       (1) Authorization.--The Commander of the United States 
     Special Operations Command may modify an existing agreement 
     with a partnership intermediary to assist the Commander in 
     carrying out the pilot program under this section, including 
     with respect to the award of contracts and agreements to 
     small business concerns.
       (2) Use of funds.--None of the funds referred to in 
     subsection (a) shall be used to pay a partnership 
     intermediary for any administrative costs associated with the 
     pilot program.
       (c) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2020, and October 1, 
     2021, the Commander of the United States Special Operations 
     Command, in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Research and Engineering, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees, the Committee on Small 
     Business of the House of Representatives, and the Committee 
     on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate a report 
     describing any agreement with a partnership intermediary 
     entered into pursuant to this section. The report shall 
     include, for each such agreement, the amount of funds 
     obligated, an identification of the recipient of such funds, 
     and a description of the use of such funds.
       (d) Termination.--The authority to carry out a pilot 
     program under this section shall terminate on September 30, 
     2021.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Partnership intermediary.--The term ``partnership 
     intermediary'' has the meaning given the term in section 
     23(c) of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 
     1980 (15 U.S.C. 3715(c)).
       (2) Small business concern.--The term ``small business 
     concern'' has the meaning given the term under section 3 of 
     the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
       (3) Small business innovation research program.--The term 
     ``Small Business Innovation Research Program'' has the 
     meaning given the term in section 9(e)(4) of the Small 
     Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e)).
       (4) Small business technology transfer program.--The term 
     ``Small Business Technology Transfer Program'' has the 
     meaning given the term in section 9(e)(6) of the Small 
     Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e)).
       (5) Technology-enhanced capability.--The term ``technology-
     enhanced capability'' means a product, concept, or process 
     that improves the ability of a member of the Armed Forces to 
     achieve an assigned mission.

[[Page H9480]]

     SEC. 852. AUTHORIZED OFFICIAL TO CARRY OUT THE PROCUREMENT 
                   TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Authorized Official.--Effective October 1, 2021, 
     section 2411(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``Director of the Defense Logistics Agency'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (b) Report and Briefing.--Not later than November 1, 2020, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional 
     defense committees a written report and briefing on the 
     activities carried out in preparation for the transition of 
     responsibilities for carrying out the procurement technical 
     assistance cooperative agreement program under chapter 142 of 
     title 10, United States Code, from the Director of Defense 
     Logistics Agency to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment, as required by subsection (a).
       (c) Annual Budget Justification Documents.--The Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to Congress, as a part of the defense 
     budget materials (as defined in section 234(d) of title 10, 
     United States Code) for fiscal year 2021 and each fiscal year 
     thereafter, a budget justification display that includes the 
     procurement technical assistance cooperative agreement 
     program under chapter 142 of title 10, United States Code, as 
     part of the budget justification for Operation and 
     Maintenance, Defense-wide for the Office of the Secretary of 
     Defense.

     SEC. 853. REQUIREMENT THAT CERTAIN SHIP COMPONENTS BE 
                   MANUFACTURED IN THE NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND 
                   INDUSTRIAL BASE.

       (a) Additional Procurement Limitation.--Section 2534(a) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(6) Components for auxiliary ships.--Subject to 
     subsection (k), large medium-speed diesel engines.''.
       (b) Implementation.--Such section is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(k) Implementation of Auxiliary Ship Component 
     Limitation.--Subsection (a)(6) applies only with respect to 
     contracts awarded by the Secretary of a military department 
     for new construction of an auxiliary ship after the date of 
     the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 using funds available for National Defense 
     Sealift Fund programs or Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy. 
     For purposes of this subsection, the term `auxiliary ship' 
     does not include an icebreaker or a special mission ship.''.

     SEC. 854. ADDITION OF DOMESTICALLY PRODUCED STAINLESS STEEL 
                   FLATWARE AND DINNERWARE TO THE BERRY AMENDMENT.

       (a) Addition of Domestically Produced Stainless Steel 
     Flatware and Dinnerware.--
       (1) In general.--Section 2533a(b) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraphs:
       ``(3) Stainless steel flatware.
       ``(4) Dinnerware.''.
       (2) Applicability.--Paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 
     2533a(b) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
     paragraph (1), shall apply with respect to contracts entered 
     into on or after the date occurring 1 year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.
       (3) Repeal.--Effective September 30, 2023, such paragraphs 
     (3) and (4) are repealed.
       (b) Report.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report that provides a market survey, 
     cost assessment, description of national security 
     considerations, and a recommendation regarding whether the 
     procurement of dinnerware and stainless steel flatware should 
     be limited to sources in the United States.
       (2) Contents.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include an analysis of the following with respect to 
     dinnerware and stainless steel flatware:
       (A) The extent to which such items have commercial 
     applications.
       (B) The number of such items to be procured by current 
     programs of record.
       (C) The criticality of such items to a military unit's 
     mission accomplishment.
       (D) The estimated cost and other considerations of 
     reconstituting the production capability of such items, if 
     not maintained in the United States.
       (E) National security regulations or restrictions imposed 
     on such items that may not be imposed on such items if 
     provided by a competitor outside the United States.
       (F) Federal, State, and local government regulations that 
     are not related to national security that are imposed on such 
     items that may not be imposed on a competitor outside the 
     United States.
       (G) The extent to which such items is fielded in current 
     programs of record.
       (H) The extent to which such items can be procured as and 
     when needed in satisfactory quality and sufficient quantity 
     at United States market prices.
       (I) The benefits accrued to the Department of Defense and 
     the defense industrial base to procure such items from 
     sources outside the United States.

     SEC. 855. APPLICATION OF MISCELLANEOUS TECHNOLOGY BASE 
                   POLICIES AND PROGRAMS TO THE COLUMBIA-CLASS 
                   SUBMARINE PROGRAM.

       Notwithstanding subchapter V of chapter 148 of title 10, 
     United States Code (except for sections 2534, 2533a, and 
     2533b of such title), for a period of one year beginning on 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the milestone decision 
     authority (as defined in section 2366a of title 10, United 
     States Code) for the Columbia-class submarine program shall 
     ensure that such program maintains the Acquisition Program 
     Baseline schedule dates approved under the Milestone B 
     approval (as defined in such section).

     SEC. 856. APPLICATION OF LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF GOODS 
                   OTHER THAN UNITED STATES GOODS TO THE FFG-
                   FRIGATE PROGRAM.

       Notwithstanding any other provision of law, amounts 
     authorized to carry out the FFG-Frigate Program may be used 
     to award a new contract that provides for the acquisition of 
     the following components regardless of whether those 
     components are manufactured in the United States:
       (1) Auxiliary equipment (including pumps) for shipboard 
     services.
       (2) Propulsion equipment (including engines, reduction 
     gears, and propellers).
       (3) Shipboard cranes.
       (4) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.

     SEC. 857. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING CONSIDERATION OF PRICE 
                   IN PROCUREMENT OF THE FFG(X) FRIGATE.

       It is the sense of Congress that during fiscal year 2020, 
     in evaluating proposals for a contract to procure a FFG(X) 
     frigate, the Secretary of the Navy should ensure price is a 
     critical factor.

        Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

     SEC. 860. ESTABLISHMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN TRAINING CORPS.

       (a) In General.--Part III of subtitle A of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 112 the 
     following new chapter:

             ``CHAPTER 113--DEFENSE CIVILIAN TRAINING CORPS

``Sec. 2200g. Establishment.
``Sec. 2200h. Program elements.
``Sec. 2200i. Model authorities.
``Sec. 2200j. Definitions.

     ``SEC. 2200G. ESTABLISHMENT.

       ``For the purposes of preparing selected students for 
     public service in Department of Defense occupations relating 
     to acquisition, science, engineering, or other civilian 
     occupations determined by the Secretary of Defense, and to 
     target critical skill gaps in the Department of Defense, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall establish and maintain a Defense 
     Civilian Training Corps program, organized into one or more 
     units, at any accredited civilian educational institution 
     authorized to grant baccalaureate degrees.

     ``SEC. 2200H. PROGRAM ELEMENTS.

       ``In establishing the program, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall determine the following:
       ``(1) A methodology to identify and target critical skills 
     gaps in Department of Defense occupations relating to 
     acquisition, science, engineering, or other civilian 
     occupations determined by the Secretary of Defense.
       ``(2) A mechanism to track and report the success of the 
     program in eliminating any critical skills gaps identified 
     under paragraph (1).
       ``(3) Criteria for an accredited civilian educational 
     institution to participate in the program.
       ``(4) The eligibility of a student to become a member of 
     the program.
       ``(5) Criteria required for a member of the program to 
     receive financial assistance from the Department of Defense.
       ``(6) The term of service as an employee of the Department 
     of Defense required for a member of the program to receive 
     such financial assistance.
       ``(7) Criteria required for a member of the program to be 
     released from a term of service.
       ``(8) The method by which a successful graduate of the 
     program may gain immediate employment in the Department of 
     Defense.
       ``(9) Resources required for implementation of the program.

     ``SEC. 2200I. MODEL AUTHORITIES.

       ``In making determinations under section 2200h of this 
     title, the Secretary of Defense shall use the authorities 
     under chapters 103 and 111 of this title as guides.

     ``SEC. 2200J. DEFINITIONS.

       ``In this chapter:
       ``(1) The term `program' means the Defense Civilian 
     Training Corps program established under section 2200g.
       ``(2) The term `member of the program' means a student at 
     an accredited civilian educational institution who is 
     enrolled in the program.''.
       (b) Implementation Timeline.--
       (1) Initial implementation.--Not later than February 15, 
     2020, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a plan and schedule to 
     implement the Defense Civilian Training Corps program 
     established under chapter 113 of title 10, United States Code 
     (as added by subsection (a)) at one accredited civilian 
     educational institution authorized to grant baccalaureate 
     degrees not later than August 1, 2021. The plan shall include 
     a list of critical skills gaps the program will address and 
     recommendations for any legislative changes required for 
     effective implementation of the program.
       (2) Expansion.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees an expansion plan and schedule to expand 
     the Defense Civilian Training Corps program to five 
     accredited civilian educational institutions not later than 
     August 1, 2022.
       (3) Full implementation.--Not later than December 31, 2021, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a full implementation plan and schedule to 
     expand the Defense Civilian Training Corps program to at 
     least 20 accredited civilian educational institutions with 
     not fewer than 400 members enrolled in the program not later 
     than August 1, 2023.

     SEC. 861. DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE CERTIFICATION, 
                   EDUCATION, AND CAREER FIELDS.

       (a) Professional Certification Requirement.--

[[Page H9481]]

       (1) Professional certification required for all acquisition 
     workforce personnel.--Section 1701a of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (A) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (d) and (e), respectively; and
       (B) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(c) Professional Certification.--(1) In General.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall implement a certification program 
     to provide for a professional certification requirement for 
     all members of the acquisition workforce. Except as provided 
     in paragraph (2), the certification requirement for any 
     acquisition workforce career field shall be based on 
     standards developed by a third-party accredited program based 
     on nationally or internationally recognized