[Congressional Record Volume 164, Number 194 (Monday, December 10, 2018)]
[House]
[Pages H9823-H10030]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




    CONFERENCE REPORT AND EXPLANATORY MATERIAL STATEMENT ON H.R. 2, 
   AGRICULTURE AND NUTRITION ACT OF 2018, SUBMITTED BY MR. CONAWAY, 
             CHAIRMAN OF THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE

                 Conference Report (H. Rept. 115-1072)

       The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the 
     two Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the bill (H. R. 
     2), to provide for the reform and continuation of 
     agricultural and other programs of the Department of 
     Agriculture through fiscal year 2023, and for other purposes, 
     having met, after full and free conference, have agreed to 
     recommend and do recommend to their respective Houses as 
     follows:
       That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
     amendment of the Senate and agree to the same with an 
     amendment as follows:
       In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the Senate 
     amendment, insert the following:

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

       (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the 
     ``Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018''.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definition of Secretary.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                      Subtitle A--Commodity Policy

Sec. 1101. Definition of effective reference price.
Sec. 1102. Base acres.
Sec. 1103. Payment yields.
Sec. 1104. Payment acres.
Sec. 1105. Producer election.
Sec. 1106. Price loss coverage.
Sec. 1107. Agriculture risk coverage.
Sec. 1108. Repeal of transition assistance for producers of upland 
              cotton.

                      Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

Sec. 1201. Extensions.
Sec. 1202. Loan rates for nonrecourse marketing assistance loans.
Sec. 1203. Economic adjustment assistance for textile mills.
Sec. 1204. Special competitive provisions for extra long staple cotton.
Sec. 1205. Availability of recourse loans.

                           Subtitle C--Sugar

Sec. 1301. Sugar policy.

  Subtitle D--Dairy Margin Coverage and Other Dairy Related Provisions

Sec. 1401. Dairy margin coverage.
Sec. 1402. Reauthorizations.
Sec. 1403. Class I skim milk price.
Sec. 1404. Dairy product donation.

       Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Sec. 1501. Supplemental agricultural disaster assistance.

                 Subtitle F--Noninsured Crop Assistance

Sec. 1601. Noninsured crop assistance program.

                       Subtitle G--Administration

Sec. 1701. Regulations.
Sec. 1702. Suspension of permanent price support authority.
Sec. 1703. Payment limitations.
Sec. 1704. Adjusted gross income limitations.
Sec. 1705. Farm Service Agency accountability.
Sec. 1706. Implementation.
Sec. 1707. Exemption from certain reporting requirements for certain 
              producers.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                    Subtitle A--Wetland Conservation

Sec. 2101. Wetland conversion.
Sec. 2102. Wetland conservation.
Sec. 2103. Mitigation banking.

                Subtitle B--Conservation Reserve Program

Sec. 2201. Conservation reserve.
Sec. 2202. Conservation reserve enhancement program.
Sec. 2203. Farmable wetland program.
Sec. 2204. Pilot programs.
Sec. 2205. Duties of owners and operators.
Sec. 2206. Duties of the Secretary.
Sec. 2207. Payments.
Sec. 2208. Contracts.
Sec. 2209. Eligible land; State law requirements.

 Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program and Conservation 
                          Stewardship Program

Sec. 2301. Repeal of conservation programs.
Sec. 2302. Purposes of environmental quality incentives program.
Sec. 2303. Definitions under environmental quality incentives program.
Sec. 2304. Establishment and administration of environmental quality 
              incentives program.
Sec. 2305. Environmental quality incentives program plan.
Sec. 2306. Limitation on payments under environmental quality 
              incentives program.
Sec. 2307. Conservation innovation grants and payments.
Sec. 2308. Conservation stewardship program.
Sec. 2309. Grassland conservation initiative.

                Subtitle D--Other Conservation Programs

Sec. 2401. Watershed protection and flood prevention.
Sec. 2402. Soil and water resources conservation.
Sec. 2403. Emergency conservation program.
Sec. 2404. Conservation of private grazing land.
Sec. 2405. Grassroots source water protection program.
Sec. 2406. Voluntary public access and habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2407. Wildlife management.
Sec. 2408. Feral swine eradication and control pilot program.
Sec. 2409. Report on small wetlands.
Sec. 2410. Sense of Congress relating to increased watershed-based 
              collaboration.

                 Subtitle E--Funding and Administration

Sec. 2501. Commodity Credit Corporation.
Sec. 2502. Delivery of technical assistance.
Sec. 2503. Administrative requirements for conservation programs.
Sec. 2504. Temporary administration of conservation programs.

         Subtitle F--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

Sec. 2601. Establishment and purposes.
Sec. 2602. Definitions.
Sec. 2603. Agricultural land easements.
Sec. 2604. Wetland reserve easements.
Sec. 2605. Administration.

         Subtitle G--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

Sec. 2701. Establishment and purposes.
Sec. 2702. Definitions.
Sec. 2703. Regional conservation partnerships.
Sec. 2704. Assistance to producers.
Sec. 2705. Funding.
Sec. 2706. Administration.
Sec. 2707. Critical conservation areas.

              Subtitle H--Repeals and Technical Amendments

                            PART I--Repeals

Sec. 2811. Repeal of Conservation Corridor Demonstration Program.
Sec. 2812. Repeal of cranberry acreage reserve program.
Sec. 2813. Repeal of National Natural Resources Foundation.
Sec. 2814. Repeal of flood risk reduction.
Sec. 2815. Repeal of study of land use for expiring contracts and 
              extension of authority.

[[Page H9824]]

Sec. 2816. Repeal of Integrated Farm Management Program Option.
Sec. 2817. Repeal of clarification of definition of agricultural lands.

                     PART II--Technical Amendments

Sec. 2821. Technical amendments.
Sec. 2822. State technical committees.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

Sec. 3101. Labeling requirements.
Sec. 3102. Food aid quality assurance.
Sec. 3103. Local sale and barter of commodities.
Sec. 3104. Minimum levels of assistance.
Sec. 3105. Food aid consultative group.
Sec. 3106. Issuance of regulations.
Sec. 3107. Oversight, monitoring, and evaluation.
Sec. 3108. Assistance for stockpiling and rapid transportation, 
              delivery, and distribution of shelf-stable prepackaged 
              foods.
Sec. 3109. Consideration of impact of provision of agricultural 
              commodities and other assistance on local farmers and 
              economy.
Sec. 3110. Allowance for distribution costs.
Sec. 3111. Prepositioning of agricultural commodities.
Sec. 3112. Annual report regarding food aid programs and activities.
Sec. 3113. Deadline for agreements to finance sales or to provide other 
              assistance.
Sec. 3114. Minimum level of nonemergency food assistance.
Sec. 3115. Termination date for micronutrient fortification programs.
Sec. 3116. John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer program.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

Sec. 3201. Agricultural trade promotion and facilitation.

               Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

Sec. 3301. Growing American Food Exports.
Sec. 3302. Food for Progress Act of 1985.
Sec. 3303. Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act.
Sec. 3304. Promotion of agricultural exports to emerging markets.
Sec. 3305. Cochran fellowship program.
Sec. 3306. Borlaug International Agricultural Science and Technology 
              Fellowship program.
Sec. 3307. International Agricultural Education Fellowship program.
Sec. 3308. International food security technical assistance.
Sec. 3309. McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child 
              Nutrition program.
Sec. 3310. Global Crop Diversity Trust.
Sec. 3311. Local and regional food aid procurement projects.
Sec. 3312. Foreign trade missions.

                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION

         Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Sec. 4001. Requirements for online acceptance of benefits.
Sec. 4002. Re-evaluation of thrifty food plan.
Sec. 4003. Food distribution program on Indian reservations.
Sec. 4004. Simplified homeless housing costs.
Sec. 4005. Employment and training for supplemental nutrition 
              assistance program.
Sec. 4006. Improvements to electronic benefit transfer system.
Sec. 4007. Review of supplemental nutrition assistance program 
              operations.
Sec. 4008. Retail incentives.
Sec. 4009. Required action on data match information.
Sec. 4010. Incentivizing technology modernization.
Sec. 4011. Interstate data matching to prevent multiple issuances.
Sec. 4012. Requirement of live-production environments for certain 
              pilot projects relating to cost sharing for 
              computerization.
Sec. 4013. Quality control improvements.
Sec. 4014. Evaluation of child support enforcement cooperation 
              requirements.
Sec. 4015. Longitudinal data for research.
Sec. 4016. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4017. Assistance for community food projects.
Sec. 4018. Emergency food assistance program.
Sec. 4019. Nutrition education.
Sec. 4020. Retail food store and recipient trafficking.
Sec. 4021. Public-private partnerships.
Sec. 4022. Technical corrections.

              Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

Sec. 4101. Commodity distribution program.
Sec. 4102. Commodity supplemental food program.
Sec. 4103. Distribution of surplus commodities to special nutrition 
              projects.
Sec. 4104. Food donation standards.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 4201. Seniors farmers' market nutrition program.
Sec. 4202. Purchase of fresh fruits and vegetables for distribution to 
              schools and service institutions.
Sec. 4203. Service of traditional foods in public facilities.
Sec. 4204. Healthy food financing initiative.
Sec. 4205. The Gus Schumacher nutrition incentive program.
Sec. 4206. Micro-grants for food security.
Sec. 4207. Buy American requirements.
Sec. 4208. Healthy fluid milk incentives projects.

                            TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

Sec. 5101. Modification of the 3-year experience eligibility 
              requirement for farm ownership loans.
Sec. 5102. Conservation loan and loan guarantee program.
Sec. 5103. Limitations on amount of farm ownership loans.
Sec. 5104. Relending program to resolve ownership and succession on 
              farmland.

                      Subtitle B--Operating Loans

Sec. 5201. Limitations on amount of operating loans.
Sec. 5202. Microloans.
Sec. 5203. Cooperative lending pilot projects.

                 Subtitle C--Administrative Provisions

Sec. 5301. Beginning farmer and rancher individual development accounts 
              pilot program.
Sec. 5302. Loan authorization levels.
Sec. 5303. Loan fund set-asides.
Sec. 5304. Use of additional funds for direct operating microloans 
              under certain conditions.
Sec. 5305. Equitable relief.
Sec. 5306. Socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers; qualified 
              beginning farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 5307. Emergency loan eligibility.

                       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

Sec. 5401. Technical corrections to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
              Development Act.
Sec. 5402. State agricultural mediation programs.
Sec. 5403. Compensation of bank directors.
Sec. 5404. Sharing of privileged and confidential information.
Sec. 5405. Facility headquarters.
Sec. 5406. Removal and prohibition authority; industry-wide 
              prohibition.
Sec. 5407. Jurisdiction over institution-affiliated parties.
Sec. 5408. Definition of institution-affiliated party.
Sec. 5409. Prohibition on use of funds.
Sec. 5410. Expansion of acreage exception to loan amount limitation.
Sec. 5411. Repeal of obsolete provisions; technical corrections.
Sec. 5412. Corporation as conservator or receiver; certain other 
              powers.
Sec. 5413. Reporting.
Sec. 5414. Study on loan risk.
Sec. 5415. GAO report on ability of the Farm Credit System to meet the 
              agricultural credit needs of Indian tribes and their 
              members.
Sec. 5416. GAO report on credit service to socially disadvantaged 
              farmers and ranchers.

                      TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

         Subtitle A--Improving Health Outcomes in Rural America

Sec. 6101. Combating substance use disorder in rural America; 
              prioritizations.
Sec. 6102. Distance learning and telemedicine.
Sec. 6103. Refinancing of certain rural hospital debt.

     Subtitle B--Connecting Rural Americans to High Speed Broadband

Sec. 6201. Access to broadband telecommunications services in rural 
              areas.
Sec. 6202. Expansion of middle mile infrastructure into rural areas.
Sec. 6203. Modifications to the Rural Gigabit Program.
Sec. 6204. Community Connect Grant Program.
Sec. 6205. Outdated broadband systems.
Sec. 6206. Default and deobligation; deferral.
Sec. 6207. Public notice, assessments, and reporting requirements.
Sec. 6208. Environmental reviews.
Sec. 6209. Use of loan proceeds to refinance loans for deployment of 
              broadband service.
Sec. 6210. Smart utility authority for broadband.
Sec. 6211. Refinancing of telephone loans.
Sec. 6212. Federal broadband program coordination.
Sec. 6213. Transition rule.
Sec. 6214. Rural broadband integration working group.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 6301. Exclusion of certain populations from definition of rural 
              area.
Sec. 6302. Establishment of technical assistance program.
Sec. 6303. Rural energy savings program.
Sec. 6304. Northern Border Regional Commission reauthorization.
Sec. 6305. Definition of rural area for purposes of the Housing Act of 
              1949.
Sec. 6306. Council on Rural Community Innovation and Economic 
              Development.

 Subtitle D--Additional Amendments to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
                            Development Act

Sec. 6401. Strategic economic and community development.
Sec. 6402. Expanding access to credit for rural communities.
Sec. 6403. Water, waste disposal, and wastewater facility grants.
Sec. 6404. Rural water and wastewater technical assistance and training 
              programs.
Sec. 6405. Rural water and wastewater circuit rider program.
Sec. 6406. Tribal college and university essential community 
              facilities.
Sec. 6407. Emergency and imminent community water assistance grant 
              program.
Sec. 6408. Water systems for rural and native villages in Alaska.
Sec. 6409. Rural decentralized water systems.
Sec. 6410. Solid waste management grants.

[[Page H9825]]

Sec. 6411. Rural business development grants.
Sec. 6412. Rural cooperative development grants.
Sec. 6413. Locally or regionally produced agricultural food products.
Sec. 6414. Appropriate technology transfer for rural areas program.
Sec. 6415. Rural economic area partnership zones.
Sec. 6416. Intemediary relending program.
Sec. 6417. Access to information to verify income for participants in 
              certain rural housing programs.
Sec. 6418. Providing for additional fees for guaranteed loans under the 
              Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act.
Sec. 6419. Rural Business-Cooperative Service programs technical 
              assistance and training.
Sec. 6420. National Rural Development Partnership.
Sec. 6421. Grants for NOAA weather radio transmitters.
Sec. 6422. Rural microentrepreneur assistance program.
Sec. 6423. Health care services.
Sec. 6424. Rural innovation stronger economy grant program.
Sec. 6425. Delta Regional Authority.
Sec. 6426. Rural business investment program.
Sec. 6427. Rural business investment program.

 Subtitle E--Additional Amendments to the Rural Electrification Act of 
                                  1936

Sec. 6501. Amendments to section 2 of the Rural Electrification Act of 
              1936.
Sec. 6502. Loans for telephone service.
Sec. 6503. Cushion of credit payments program.
Sec. 6504. Extension of the rural economic development loan and grant 
              program.
Sec. 6505. Guarantees for bonds and notes issued for electrification or 
              telephone purposes.
Sec. 6506. Expansion of 911 access.
Sec. 6507. Cybersecurity and grid security improvements.

                      Subtitle F--Program Repeals

Sec. 6601. Elimination of unfunded programs.
Sec. 6602. Repeal of Rural Telephone Bank.
Sec. 6603. Amendments to LOCAL TV Act.

                   Subtitle G--Technical Corrections

Sec. 6701. Corrections relating to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
              Development Act.
Sec. 6702. Corrections relating to the Rural Electrification Act of 
              1936.

          TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

Sec. 7101. Purposes of agricultural research, extension, and education.
Sec. 7102. Matters related to certain school designations and 
              declarations.
Sec. 7103. National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and 
              Economics Advisory Board.
Sec. 7104. Specialty crop committee.
Sec. 7105. Renewable energy committee discontinued.
Sec. 7106. Veterinary services grant program.
Sec. 7107. Grants and fellowships for food and agriculture sciences 
              education.
Sec. 7108. Agricultural and food policy research centers.
Sec. 7109. Education grants to Alaska Native serving institutions and 
              Native Hawaiian serving institutions.
Sec. 7110. Next generation agriculture technology challenge.
Sec. 7111. Land-grant designation.
Sec. 7112. Nutrition education program.
Sec. 7113. Continuing animal health and disease research programs.
Sec. 7114. Carryover of funds for extension at 1890 land-grant 
              colleges, including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7115. Extension and agricultural research at 1890 land-grant 
              colleges, including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7116. Reports on disbursement of funds for agricultural research 
              and extension at 1862 and 1890 land-grant colleges, 
              including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7117. Scholarships for students at 1890 institutions.
Sec. 7118. Grants to upgrade agricultural and food sciences facilities 
              at 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee 
              University.
Sec. 7119. Grants to upgrade agriculture and food sciences facilities 
              and equipment at insular area land-grant institutions.
Sec. 7120. New Beginning for Tribal Students.
Sec. 7121. Hispanic-serving institutions.
Sec. 7122. Binational agricultural research and development.
Sec. 7123. Partnerships to build capacity in international agricultural 
              research, extension, and teaching.
Sec. 7124. Competitive grants for international agricultural science 
              and education programs.
Sec. 7125. Limitation on indirect costs for agricultural research, 
              education, and extension programs.
Sec. 7126. Research equipment grants.
Sec. 7127. University research.
Sec. 7128. Extension service.
Sec. 7129. Supplemental and alternative crops; hemp.
Sec. 7130. New Era Rural Technology program.
Sec. 7131. Capacity building grants for NLGCA Institutions.
Sec. 7132. Agriculture advanced research and development authority 
              pilot.
Sec. 7133. Aquaculture assistance programs.
Sec. 7134. Rangeland research programs.
Sec. 7135. Special authorization for biosecurity planning and response.
Sec. 7136. Distance education and resident instruction grants program 
              for insular area institutions of higher education.

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

Sec. 7201. Best utilization of biological applications.
Sec. 7202. Integrated management systems.
Sec. 7203. Sustainable agriculture technology development and transfer 
              program.
Sec. 7204. National training program.
Sec. 7205. National strategic germplasm and cultivar collection 
              assessment and utilization plan.
Sec. 7206. National Genetics Resources Program.
Sec. 7207. National Agricultural Weather Information System.
Sec. 7208. Agricultural genome to phenome initiative.
Sec. 7209. High-priority research and extension initiatives.
Sec. 7210. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative.
Sec. 7211. Farm business management.
Sec. 7212. Urban, indoor, and other emerging agricultural production 
              research, education, and extension initiative.
Sec. 7213. Centers of excellence at 1890 Institutions.
Sec. 7214. Clarification of veteran eligibility for assistive 
              technology program for farmers with disabilities.
Sec. 7215. National Rural Information Center Clearinghouse.

Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                of 1998

Sec. 7301. National food safety training, education, extension, 
              outreach, and technical assistance program.
Sec. 7302. Integrated research, education, and extension competitive 
              grants program.
Sec. 7303. Support for research regarding diseases of wheat, triticale, 
              and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by Tilletia 
              indica.
Sec. 7304. Grants for youth organizations.
Sec. 7305. Specialty crop research initiative.
Sec. 7306. Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database program.
Sec. 7307. Office of Pest Management Policy.
Sec. 7308. Forestry products advanced utilization research.

         Subtitle D--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                     PART I--Agricultural Security

Sec. 7401. Agricultural biosecurity communication center.
Sec. 7402. Assistance to build local capacity in agricultural 
              biosecurity planning, preparation, and response.
Sec. 7403. Research and development of agricultural countermeasures.
Sec. 7404. Agricultural biosecurity grant program.

                         PART II--Miscellaneous

Sec. 7411. Grazinglands research laboratory.
Sec. 7412. Farm and Ranch Stress Assistance Network.
Sec. 7413. Natural products research program.
Sec. 7414. Sun grant program.

                  Subtitle E--Amendments to Other Laws

Sec. 7501. Critical Agricultural Materials Act.
Sec. 7502. Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994.
Sec. 7503. Research Facilities Act.
Sec. 7504. Agriculture and Food Research Initiative.
Sec. 7505. Extension design and demonstration initiative.
Sec. 7506. Repeal of review of agricultural research service.
Sec. 7507. Biomass research and development.
Sec. 7508. Reinstatement of matching requirement for Federal funds used 
              in extension work at the University of the District of 
              Columbia.
Sec. 7509. Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978.
Sec. 7510. National Aquaculture Act of 1980.
Sec. 7511. Federal agriculture research facilities.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 7601. Enhanced use lease authority program.
Sec. 7602. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over portion of 
              Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, 
              Beltsville, Maryland.
Sec. 7603. Foundation for food and agriculture research.
Sec. 7604. Assistance for forestry research under the McIntire-Stennis 
              Cooperative Forestry Act.
Sec. 7605. Legitimacy of industrial hemp research.
Sec. 7606. Collection of data relating to barley area planted and 
              harvested.
Sec. 7607. Collection of data relating to the size and location of 
              dairy farms.
Sec. 7608. Agriculture innovation center demonstration program.
Sec. 7609. Smith-Lever community extension program.
Sec. 7610. Mechanization and automation for specialty crops.
Sec. 7611. Experienced services program.
Sec. 7612. Simplified plan of work.

[[Page H9826]]

Sec. 7613. Review of land-grant time and effort reporting requirements.
Sec. 7614. Matching funds requirement.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

        Subtitle A--Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978

Sec. 8101. Support for State assessments and strategies for forest 
              resources.
Sec. 8102. State and private forest landscape-scale restoration 
              program.

 Subtitle B--Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Research Act of 
                                  1978

Sec. 8201. Repeal of recycling research.
Sec. 8202. Repeal of forestry student grant program.

        Subtitle C--Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 1990

Sec. 8301. Repeals relating to biomass.

          Subtitle D--Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003

Sec. 8401. Promoting cross-boundary wildfire mitigation.
Sec. 8402. Authorization of appropriations for hazardous fuel reduction 
              on Federal land.
Sec. 8403. Repeal of biomass commercial utilization grant program.
Sec. 8404. Water Source Protection Program.
Sec. 8405. Watershed Condition Framework.
Sec. 8406. Authorization of appropriations to combat insect 
              infestations and related diseases.
Sec. 8407. Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 amendments.
Sec. 8408. Authorization of appropriations for designation of treatment 
              areas.

    Subtitle E--Repeal or Reauthorization of Miscellaneous Forestry 
                                Programs

Sec. 8501. Repeal of revision of strategic plan for forest inventory 
              and analysis.
Sec. 8502. Semiarid agroforestry research center.
Sec. 8503. National Forest Foundation Act.
Sec. 8504. Conveyance of Forest Service administrative sites.

                     Subtitle F--Forest Management

Sec. 8601. Definition of National Forest System.

     PART I--Expedited Environmental Analysis and Availability of 
    Categorical Exclusions to Expedite Forest Management Activities

Sec. 8611. Categorical exclusion for greater sage-grouse and mule deer 
              habitat.

          PART II--Miscellaneous Forest Management Activities

Sec. 8621. Additional authority for sale or exchange of small parcels 
              of National Forest System land.
Sec. 8622. Forest Service participation in ACES program.
Sec. 8623. Authorization for lease of Forest Service sites.
Sec. 8624. Good neighbor authority.
Sec. 8625. Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forest land adjustment.
Sec. 8626. Tennessee wilderness.
Sec. 8627. Kisatchie National Forest land conveyance.
Sec. 8628. Purchase of Natural Resources Conservation Service property, 
              Riverside County, California.
Sec. 8629. Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program.
Sec. 8630. Utility infrastructure rights-of-way vegetation management 
              pilot program.
Sec. 8631. Okhissa Lake rural economic development land conveyance.
Sec. 8632. Remote sensing technologies.

                      PART III--Timber Innovation

Sec. 8641. Definitions.
Sec. 8642. Clarification of research and development program for wood 
              building construction.
Sec. 8643. Wood innovation grant program.
Sec. 8644. Community wood energy and wood innovation program.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 8701. Rural revitalization technologies.
Sec. 8702. Resource Advisory Committees.
Sec. 8703. Tribal forest management demonstration project.
Sec. 8704. Technical corrections.
Sec. 8705. Streamlining the Forest Service process for consideration of 
              communications facility location applications.
Sec. 8706. Report on wildfire, insect infestation, and disease 
              prevention on Federal land.
Sec. 8707. West Fork Fire Station.
Sec. 8708. Competitive forestry, natural resources, and environmental 
              grants program.

                            TITLE IX--ENERGY

Sec. 9001. Definitions.
Sec. 9002. Biobased markets program.
Sec. 9003. Biorefinery assistance.
Sec. 9004. Repowering assistance program.
Sec. 9005. Bioenergy program for advanced biofuels.
Sec. 9006. Biodiesel fuel education program.
Sec. 9007. Rural Energy for America Program.
Sec. 9008. Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative.
Sec. 9009. Feedstock flexibility.
Sec. 9010. Biomass Crop Assistance Program.
Sec. 9011. Carbon utilization and biogas education program.

                         TITLE X--HORTICULTURE

Sec. 10101. Specialty crops market news allocation.
Sec. 10102. Local agriculture market program.
Sec. 10103. Organic production and market data initiatives.
Sec. 10104. Organic certification.
Sec. 10105. National organic certification cost-share program.
Sec. 10106. Food safety education initiatives.
Sec. 10107. Specialty crop block grants.
Sec. 10108. Amendments to the Plant Variety Protection Act.
Sec. 10109. Multiple crop and pesticide use survey.
Sec. 10110. Report on the arrival in the United States of forest pests 
              through restrictions on the importation of certain plants 
              for planting.
Sec. 10111. Report on plant biostimulants.
Sec. 10112. Clarification of use of funds for technical assistance.
Sec. 10113. Hemp production.
Sec. 10114. Interstate commerce.
Sec. 10115. FIFRA interagency working group.
Sec. 10116. Study on methyl bromide use in response to an emergency 
              event.

                        TITLE XI--CROP INSURANCE

Sec. 11101. Definitions.
Sec. 11102. Data collection.
Sec. 11103. Sharing of records.
Sec. 11104. Use of resources.
Sec. 11105. Specialty crops.
Sec. 11106. Insurance period.
Sec. 11107. Cover crops.
Sec. 11108. Underserved producers.
Sec. 11109. Treatment of forage and grazing.
Sec. 11110. Administrative basic fee.
Sec. 11111. Enterprise units.
Sec. 11112. Continued authority.
Sec. 11113. Submission of policies and materials to board.
Sec. 11114. Crop production on native sod.
Sec. 11115. Use of national agricultural statistics service data to 
              combat waste, fraud, and abuse.
Sec. 11116. Submission of information to corporation.
Sec. 11117. Continuing education for loss adjusters and agents.
Sec. 11118. Program administration.
Sec. 11119. Agricultural commodity.
Sec. 11120. Maintenance of policies.
Sec. 11121. Reimbursement of research, development, and maintenance 
              costs.
Sec. 11122. Research and development authority.
Sec. 11123. Funding for research and development.
Sec. 11124. Technical amendment to pilot programs.
Sec. 11125. Education and risk management assistance.
Sec. 11126. Repeal of cropland report annual updates.

                        TITLE XII--MISCELLANEOUS

                         Subtitle A--Livestock

Sec. 12101. Animal disease prevention and management.
Sec. 12102. Sheep production and marketing grant program.
Sec. 12103. Feasibility study on livestock dealer statutory trust.
Sec. 12104. Definition of livestock.
Sec. 12105. National Aquatic Animal Health Plan.
Sec. 12106. Veterinary training.
Sec. 12107. Report on FSIS guidance and outreach to small meat 
              processors.
Sec. 12108. Regional Cattle and Carcass Grading Correlation and 
              Training Centers.

                Subtitle B--Agriculture and Food Defense

Sec. 12201. Repeal of Office of Homeland Security.
Sec. 12202. Office of Homeland Security.
Sec. 12203. Agriculture and food defense.
Sec. 12204. Biological agents and toxins list.
Sec. 12205. Authorization of appropriations.

             Subtitle C--Historically Underserved Producers

Sec. 12301. Farming opportunities training and outreach.
Sec. 12302. Urban agriculture.
Sec. 12303. Tribal Advisory Committee.
Sec. 12304. Beginning farmer and rancher coordination.
Sec. 12305. Agricultural youth organization coordinator.
Sec. 12306. Availability of Department of Agriculture programs for 
              veteran farmers and ranchers.

   Subtitle D--Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 
                               Amendments

Sec. 12401. Office of Congressional Relations and Intergovernmental 
              Affairs.
Sec. 12402. Military Veterans Agricultural Liaison.
Sec. 12403. Civil rights analyses.
Sec. 12404. Farm Service Agency.
Sec. 12405. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm Production and 
              Conservation.
Sec. 12406. Office of Partnerships and Public Engagement.
Sec. 12407. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development.
Sec. 12408. Administrator of the Rural Utilities Service.
Sec. 12409. Rural Health Liaison.
Sec. 12410. Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Sec. 12411. Office of the Chief Scientist.
Sec. 12412. Appointment of national appeals division hearing officers.
Sec. 12413. Trade and foreign agricultural affairs.
Sec. 12414. Repeals.
Sec. 12415. Technical corrections.
Sec. 12416. Termination of authority.

               Subtitle E--Other Miscellaneous Provisions

              PART I--Miscellaneous Agriculture Provisions

Sec. 12501. Acer access and development program.
Sec. 12502. Protecting animals with shelter.
Sec. 12503. Marketing orders.

[[Page H9827]]

Sec. 12504. Establishment of food loss and waste reduction liaison.
Sec. 12505. Report on business centers.
Sec. 12506. Report on personnel.
Sec. 12507. Report on absent landlords.
Sec. 12508. Century farms program.
Sec. 12509. Report on importation of live dogs.
Sec. 12510. Tribal Promise Zones.
Sec. 12511. Precision agriculture connectivity.
Sec. 12512. Improvements to United States Drought Monitor.
Sec. 12513. Dairy business innovation initiatives.
Sec. 12514. Report on funding for the National Institute of Food and 
              Agriculture and other extension programs.
Sec. 12515. Prohibition on slaughter of dogs and cats for human 
              consumption.
Sec. 12516. Labeling exemption for single ingredient foods and 
              products.
Sec. 12517. South Carolina inclusion in Virginia/Carolina peanut 
              producing region.
Sec. 12518. Forest Service hire authority.
Sec. 12519. Conversion authority.
Sec. 12520. Authorization of protection operations for the Secretary of 
              Agriculture and others.

              PART II--National Oilheat Research Alliance

Sec. 12531. National oilheat research alliance.

                     Subtitle F--General Provisions

Sec. 12601. Baiting of migratory game birds.
Sec. 12602. Pima agriculture cotton trust fund.
Sec. 12603. Agriculture wool apparel manufacturers trust fund.
Sec. 12604. Wool research and promotion.
Sec. 12605. Emergency Citrus Disease Research and Development Trust 
              Fund.
Sec. 12606. Extension of merchandise processing fees.
Sec. 12607. Reports on land access and farmland ownership data 
              collection.
Sec. 12608. Reauthorization of rural emergency medical services 
              training and equipment assistance program.
Sec. 12609. Commission on Farm Transitions--Needs for 2050.
Sec. 12610. Exceptions under United States Grain Standards Act.
Sec. 12611. Conference report requirement threshold.
Sec. 12612. National agriculture imagery program.
Sec. 12613. Report on inclusion of natural stone products in Commodity 
              Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996.
Sec. 12614. Establishment of food access liaison.
Sec. 12615. Eligibility for operators on heirs property land to obtain 
              a farm number.
Sec. 12616. Extending prohibition on animal fighting to the 
              territories.
Sec. 12617. Exemption of exportation of certain echinoderms from 
              permission and licensing requirements.
Sec. 12618. Data on conservation practices.
Sec. 12619. Conforming changes to Controlled Substances Act.

     SEC. 2. DEFINITION OF SECRETARY.

       In this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
     Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                      Subtitle A--Commodity Policy

     SEC. 1101. DEFINITION OF EFFECTIVE REFERENCE PRICE.

       Section 1111 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
     9011) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (8) through (25) as 
     paragraphs (9) through (26), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
       ``(8) Effective reference price.--The term `effective 
     reference price', with respect to a covered commodity for a 
     crop year, means the lesser of the following:
       ``(A) An amount equal to 115 percent of the reference price 
     for such covered commodity.
       ``(B) An amount equal to the greater of--
       ``(i) the reference price for such covered commodity; or
       ``(ii) 85 percent of the average of the marketing year 
     average price of the covered commodity for the most recent 5 
     crop years, excluding each of the crop years with the highest 
     and lowest marketing year average price.''.

     SEC. 1102. BASE ACRES.

       (a) Technical Corrections.--Section 1112(c)(2) of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9012(c)(2)) is amended by 
     striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the following:
       ``(A) Any acreage on the farm enrolled in--
       ``(i) the conservation reserve program established under 
     subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.); or
       ``(ii) a wetland reserve easement under section 1265C of 
     the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865c).''.
       (b) Reduction in Base Acres.--Section 1112(d) of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9012(d)) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Treatment of base acres on farms entirely planted to 
     grass or pasture.--
       ``(A) In general.--In the case of a farm on which all of 
     the cropland was planted to grass or pasture (including 
     cropland that was idle or fallow), as determined by the 
     Secretary, during the period beginning on January 1, 2009, 
     and ending on December 31, 2017, the Secretary shall maintain 
     all base acres and payment yields for the covered commodities 
     on the farm, except that no payment shall be made with 
     respect to those base acres under section 1116 or 1117 for 
     the 2019 through 2023 crop years.
       ``(B) Ineligibility.--The producers on a farm for which all 
     of the base acres are maintained under subparagraph (A) shall 
     be ineligible for the option to change the election 
     applicable to the producers on the farm under section 
     1115(h).
       ``(4) Prohibition on reconstitution of farm.--The Secretary 
     shall ensure that producers on a farm do not reconstitute the 
     farm to void or change the treatment of base acres under this 
     section.''.

     SEC. 1103. PAYMENT YIELDS.

       (a) Treatment of Designated Oilseeds.--Section 1113(b) of 
     the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9013(b)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``designated oilseeds'' 
     and inserting ``oilseeds designated before the date of 
     enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018'';
       (2) in paragraphs (2) and (3), by striking ``a designated 
     oilseed'' each place it appears and inserting ``an oilseed 
     designated before the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
     Improvement Act of 2018''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Treatment of oilseeds designated after certain 
     date.--In the case of oilseeds designated on or after the 
     date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, 
     the payment yield shall be equal to 90 percent of the average 
     of the yield per planted acre for the most recent 5 crop 
     years, as determined by the Secretary, excluding any crop 
     year in which the acreage planted to the covered commodity 
     was zero.''.
       (b) Single Opportunity to Update Yields.--Section 1113 of 
     the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9013) is amended by 
     striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
       ``(d) Single Opportunity to Update Yields.--
       ``(1) Election to update.--At the sole discretion of the 
     owner of a farm, the owner of a farm shall have a 1-time 
     opportunity to update, on a covered-commodity-by-covered-
     commodity basis, the payment yield that would otherwise be 
     used in calculating any price loss coverage payment for each 
     covered commodity on the farm for which the election is made.
       ``(2) Method of updating yields for covered commodities.--
     If the owner of a farm elects to update yields under 
     paragraph (1), the payment yield for a covered commodity on 
     the farm, for the purpose of calculating price loss coverage 
     payments only, shall be equal to the product obtained by 
     multiplying--
       ``(A) 90 percent;
       ``(B) the average of the yield per planted acre for the 
     crop of covered commodities on the farm for the 2013 through 
     2017 crop years, as determined by the Secretary, excluding 
     any crop year in which the acreage planted to the covered 
     commodity was zero; and
       ``(C) subject to paragraph (3), the ratio obtained by 
     dividing--
       ``(i) the average of the 2008 through 2012 national average 
     yield per planted acre for the covered commodity, as 
     determined by the Secretary; by
       ``(ii) the average of the 2013 through 2017 national 
     average yield per planted acre for the covered commodity, as 
     determined by the Secretary.
       ``(3) Limitation.--In no case shall the ratio obtained 
     under paragraph (2)(C) be less than 90 percent or greater 
     than 100 percent.
       ``(4) Use of county average yield.--For the purposes of 
     determining the average yield per planted acre under 
     paragraph (2)(B), if the yield per planted acre for a crop of 
     a covered commodity for a farm for any of the crop years 
     described in that subparagraph was less than 75 percent of 
     the average of county yields for those crop years for that 
     commodity, the Secretary shall assign a yield for that crop 
     year equal to 75 percent of the average of the 2013 through 
     2017 county yield for the covered commodity.
       ``(5) Upland cotton conversion.--In the case of seed 
     cotton, for purposes of determining the average of the yield 
     per planted acre under this subsection, the average yield for 
     seed cotton per planted acre shall be equal to 2.4 times the 
     average yield for upland cotton per planted acre.
       ``(6) Time for election.--An election under this subsection 
     shall be made at a time and manner so as to be in effect 
     beginning with the 2020 crop year, as determined by the 
     Secretary.''.

     SEC. 1104. PAYMENT ACRES.

       Section 1114 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
     9014) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, unless the sum of 
     the base acres on the farm, when combined with the base acres 
     of other farms in which the producer has an interest, is more 
     than 10 acres'' before the period at the end; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting a semicolon; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) a beginning farmer or rancher (as defined in 
     subsection (a) of section 2501 of the Food, Agriculture, 
     Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279)); or
       ``(D) a veteran farmer or rancher (as defined in subsection 
     (a) of section 2501 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
     and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279)).''; and
       (2) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) Effect of reduction.--For each crop year for which 
     fruits, vegetables (other than mung beans and pulse crops), 
     or wild rice are planted to base acres on a farm for which a 
     reduction in payment acres is made under this subsection, the 
     Secretary shall consider such base acres to be planted, or 
     prevented from being planted, to a covered commodity for 
     purposes of any adjustment or reduction of base acres for the 
     farm under section 1112.''.

[[Page H9828]]

  


     SEC. 1105. PRODUCER ELECTION.

       Section 1115 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
     9015) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``Except as provided in subsection (g), for 
     the 2014 through 2018 crop years'' and inserting ``For the 
     2014 through 2018 crop years (except as provided in 
     subsection (g)) and for the 2019 through 2023 crop years 
     (subject to subsection (h))'';
       (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``subsection (a), the producers on a farm 
     that elect under paragraph (2) of such subsection to obtain 
     agriculture risk coverage under section 1117'' and inserting 
     ``subsection (a) or (h), as applicable, the producers on a 
     farm that elect to obtain agriculture risk coverage'';
       (3) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
     ``or the 2019 crop year, as applicable'' after ``2014 crop 
     year'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or the 2019 crop year, 
     as applicable,'' after ``2014 crop year''; and
       (C) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
       ``(2) subject to subsection (h), the producers on the farm 
     shall be deemed to have elected, as applicable--
       ``(A) price loss coverage for all covered commodities on 
     the farm for the 2015 through 2018 crop years; and
       ``(B) the same coverage for each covered commodity on the 
     farm for the 2020 through 2023 crop years as was applicable 
     for the 2015 through 2018 crop years.'';
       (4) in subsection (g)(1), by inserting ``for the 2018 crop 
     year,'' before ``all of the producers''; and
       (5) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(h) Option to Change Election.--
       ``(1) In general.--For the 2021 crop year and each crop 
     year thereafter, all of the producers on a farm may change 
     the election under subsection (a), subsection (c), or this 
     subsection, as applicable, to price loss coverage or 
     agriculture risk coverage, as applicable.
       ``(2) Applicability.--An election change under paragraph 
     (1) shall apply to--
       ``(A) the crop year for which the election change is made; 
     and
       ``(B) each crop year thereafter until another election 
     change is made under that paragraph.''.

     SEC. 1106. PRICE LOSS COVERAGE.

       Section 1116 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
     9016) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
     appropriately;
       (B) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as so 
     redesignated)--
       (i) by inserting ``or (h)'' after ``subsection (a)''; and
       (ii) by striking ``determines that, for any of the 2014 
     through 2018 crop years--'' and inserting ``determines that--
       ``(1) for any of the 2014 through 2018 crop years--'';
       (C) in paragraph (1)(B) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     the period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) for any of the 2019 through 2023 crop years--
       ``(A) the effective price for the covered commodity for the 
     crop year; is less than
       ``(B) the effective reference price for the covered 
     commodity for the crop year.'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as clauses (i) 
     and (ii), respectively, and indenting appropriately;
       (B) in the matter preceding clause (i) (as so 
     redesignated), by striking ``The payment rate'' and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(1) In general.--
       ``(A) 2014 through 2018 crop years.--For the 2014 through 
     2018 crop years, the payment rate'';
       (C) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(B) 2019 through 2023 crop years.--For the 2019 through 
     2023 crop years, the payment rate shall be equal to the 
     difference between--
       ``(i) the effective reference price for the covered 
     commodity; and
       ``(ii) the effective price determined under subsection (b) 
     for the covered commodity.''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Announcement.--Not later than 30 days after the end 
     of each applicable 12-month marketing year for each covered 
     commodity, the Secretary shall publish the payment rate 
     determined under paragraph (1).
       ``(3) Insufficient data.--In the case of a covered 
     commodity, such as temperate japonica rice, for which the 
     Secretary cannot determine the payment rate for the most 
     recent 12-month marketing year by the date described in 
     paragraph (2) due to insufficient reporting of timely pricing 
     data by 1 or more nongovernmental entities, including a 
     marketing cooperative for the covered commodity, the 
     Secretary shall publish the payment rate as soon as 
     practicable after the marketing year data are made 
     available.''; and
       (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
       ``(g) Reference Price for Temperate Japonica Rice.--In 
     order to reflect price premiums, the Secretary shall provide 
     a reference price with respect to temperate japonica rice in 
     an amount equal to the amount established under subparagraph 
     (F) of section 1111(19), as adjusted by paragraph (8) of such 
     section, multiplied by the ratio obtained by dividing--
       ``(1) the simple average of the marketing year average 
     price of medium grain rice from the 2012 through 2016 crop 
     years; by
       ``(2) the simple average of the marketing year average 
     price of all rice from the 2012 through 2016 crop years.''.

     SEC. 1107. AGRICULTURE RISK COVERAGE.

       Section 1117 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
     9017) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1)--
       (A) by inserting ``(beginning with the 2019 crop year, 
     based on the physical location of the farm)'' after 
     ``payments''; and
       (B) by inserting ``or the 2019 through 2023 crop years, as 
     applicable'' after ``2014 through 2018 crop years'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``paragraph (4)'' and 
     inserting ``paragraphs (4) and (5)''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(5)'' and inserting 
     ``(6)'';
       (B) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking ``(5)'' and 
     inserting ``(6)''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023'';
       (C) in paragraph (4)--
       (i) by striking ``If'' and inserting the following:
       ``(A) 2014 through 2018 crop years.--Effective for the 2014 
     through 2018 crop years, if''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) 2019 through 2023 crop years.--Effective for the 2019 
     through 2023 crop years, if the yield per planted acre for 
     the covered commodity or historical county yield per planted 
     acre for the covered commodity for any of the 5 most recent 
     crop years, as determined by the Secretary, is less than 80 
     percent of the transitional yield, as determined by the 
     Secretary, the amounts used for any of those years in 
     paragraph (2)(A) or (3)(A)(i) shall be 80 percent of the 
     transitional yield.'';
       (D) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6);
       (E) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
       ``(5) Trend-adjusted yield.--The Secretary shall calculate 
     and use a trend-adjusted yield factor to adjust the yield 
     determined under paragraph (2)(A) and subsection (b)(1)(A), 
     taking into consideration, but not exceeding, the trend-
     adjusted yield factor that is used to increase yield history 
     under the endorsement under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
     U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) for that crop and county.''; and
       (F) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated)--
       (i) by striking ``Reference price.--If the national average 
     market price'' and inserting the following: ``Low national 
     average market price.--
       ``(A) Reference price.--For the 2014 through 2018 crop 
     years, if the national average market price''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) Effective reference price.--For the 2019 through 2023 
     crop years, if the national average market price received by 
     producers during the 12-month marketing year for any of the 5 
     most recent crop years is lower than the effective reference 
     price for the covered commodity, the Secretary shall use the 
     effective reference price for any of those years for the 
     amounts in paragraph (2)(B) or (3)(A)(ii).'';
       (3) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
     and (B) as clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and indenting 
     appropriately;
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
     appropriately;
       (C) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as so 
     redesignated), by striking ``The payment'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) In general.--The payment''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Announcement.--Not later than 30 days after the end 
     of each applicable 12-month marketing year for each covered 
     commodity, the Secretary shall publish the payment rate 
     determined under paragraph (1) for each county.'';
       (4) in subsection (e), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'';
       (5) in subsection (g)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to the maximum extent 
     practicable,'';
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon at the end;
       (C) in paragraph (4)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
     ``effective for the 2014 through 2018 crop years,'' before 
     ``in the case of''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) effective for the 2019 through 2023 crop years, in 
     the case of county coverage, assign an actual or benchmark 
     county yield for each planted acre for the crop year for the 
     covered commodity--
       ``(A) for a county for which county data collected by the 
     Risk Management Agency are sufficient for the Secretary to 
     offer a county-wide insurance product, using the actual 
     average county yield determined by the Risk Management 
     Agency; or
       ``(B) for a county not described in subparagraph (A), 
     using--
       ``(i) other sources of yield information, as determined by 
     the Secretary; or
       ``(ii) the yield history of representative farms in the 
     State, region, or crop reporting district, as determined by 
     the Secretary.''; and
       (6) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(h) Publications.--
       ``(1) County guarantee.--
       ``(A) In general.--For each crop year for a covered 
     commodity, the Secretary shall publish information 
     describing, for that crop year for the covered commodity in 
     each county--

[[Page H9829]]

       ``(i) the agriculture risk coverage guarantee for county 
     coverage determined under subsection (c)(1);
       ``(ii) the average historical county yield determined under 
     subsection (c)(2)(A); and
       ``(iii) the national average market price determined under 
     subsection (c)(2)(B).
       ``(B) Timing.--
       ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clauses (ii) and 
     (iii), not later than 30 days after the end of each 
     applicable 12-month marketing year, the Secretary shall 
     publish the information described in subparagraph (A).
       ``(ii) Insufficient data.--In the case of a covered 
     commodity, such as temperate japonica rice, for which the 
     Secretary cannot determine the national average market price 
     for the most recent 12-month marketing year by the date 
     described in clause (i) due to insufficient reporting of 
     timely pricing data by 1 or more nongovernmental entities, 
     including a marketing cooperative for the covered commodity, 
     as soon as practicable after the pricing data are made 
     available, the Secretary shall publish information 
     describing--

       ``(I) the agriculture risk coverage guarantee under 
     subparagraph (A)(i); and
       ``(II) the national average market price under subparagraph 
     (A)(iii).

       ``(iii) Transition.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
     of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 
     Secretary shall publish the information described in clauses 
     (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A) for the 2018 crop year.
       ``(2) Actual average county yield.--As soon as practicable 
     after each crop year, the Secretary shall determine and 
     publish each actual average county yield for each covered 
     commodity, as determined under subsection (b)(1)(A).
       ``(3) Data sources for county yields.--For the 2018 crop 
     year and each crop year thereafter, the Secretary shall make 
     publicly available information describing, for the most 
     recent crop year--
       ``(A) the sources of data used to calculate county yields 
     under subsection (c)(2)(A) for each covered commodity--
       ``(i) by county; and
       ``(ii) nationally; and
       ``(B) the number and outcome of occurrences in which the 
     Farm Service Agency reviewed, changed, or determined not to 
     change a source of data used to calculate county yields under 
     subsection (c)(2)(A).
       ``(i) Administrative Units.--
       ``(1) In general.--For purposes of agriculture risk 
     coverage payments in the case of county coverage, a county 
     may be divided into not greater than 2 administrative units 
     in accordance with this subsection.
       ``(2) Eligible counties.--A county that may be divided into 
     administrative units under this subsection is a county that--
       ``(A) is larger than 1,400 square miles; and
       ``(B) contains more than 190,000 base acres.
       ``(3) Elections.--Before making any agriculture risk 
     coverage payments for the 2019 crop year, the Farm Service 
     Agency State committee, in consultation with the Farm Service 
     Agency county or area committee of a county described in 
     paragraph (2), may make a 1-time election to divide the 
     county into administrative units under this subsection along 
     a boundary that better reflects differences in weather 
     patterns, soil types, or other factors.
       ``(4) Limitation.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(A) limit the number of counties that may be divided into 
     administrative units under paragraph (3) to 25 counties; and
       ``(B) give preference to the division of counties that have 
     greater variation in climate, soils, and expected 
     productivity between the proposed administrative units.
       ``(5) Administration.--For purposes of providing 
     agriculture risk coverage payments in the case of county 
     coverage, the Secretary shall consider an administrative unit 
     elected under paragraph (3) to be a county for the 2019 
     through 2023 crop years.''.

     SEC. 1108. REPEAL OF TRANSITION ASSISTANCE FOR PRODUCERS OF 
                   UPLAND COTTON.

       Section 1119 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
     9019) is repealed.

                      Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

     SEC. 1201. EXTENSIONS.

       (a) In General.--Section 1201(b)(1) of the Agricultural Act 
     of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9031(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' 
     and inserting ``2023''.
       (b) Repayment.--Section 1204 of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 9034) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (e)(2)(B), in the matter preceding clause 
     (i), by striking ``2019''and inserting ``2024''; and
       (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.
       (c) Loan Deficiency Payments.--
       (1) Extension.--Section 1205(a)(2)(B) of the Agricultural 
     Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9035(a)(2)(B)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
       (2) Payments in lieu of ldps.--Section 1206 of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9036) is amended in 
     subsections (a) and (d) by striking ``2018'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 1202. LOAN RATES FOR NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE 
                   LOANS.

       (a) In General.--Section 1202 of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 9032) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking the subsection heading 
     and inserting ``2014 through 2018 crop years'';
       (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
     (c) and (d), respectively;
       (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
       ``(b) 2019 Through 2023 Crop Years.--For purposes of each 
     of the 2019 through 2023 crop years, the loan rate for a 
     marketing assistance loan under section 1201 for a loan 
     commodity shall be equal to the following:
       ``(1) In the case of wheat, $3.38 per bushel.
       ``(2) In the case of corn, $2.20 per bushel.
       ``(3) In the case of grain sorghum, $2.20 per bushel.
       ``(4) In the case of barley, $2.50 per bushel.
       ``(5) In the case of oats, $2.00 per bushel.
       ``(6)(A) Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), in the case 
     of base quality of upland cotton, the simple average of the 
     adjusted prevailing world price for the 2 immediately 
     preceding marketing years, as determined by the Secretary and 
     announced October 1 preceding the next domestic planting.
       ``(B) Except as provided in subparagraph (C), the loan rate 
     determined under subparagraph (A) may not equal less than an 
     amount equal to 98 percent of the loan rate for base quality 
     of upland cotton for the preceding year.
       ``(C) The loan rate determined under subparagraph (A) may 
     not be equal to an amount--
       ``(i) less than $0.45 per pound; or
       ``(ii) more than $0.52 per pound.
       ``(7) In the case of extra long staple cotton, $0.95 per 
     pound.
       ``(8) In the case of long grain rice, $7.00 per 
     hundredweight.
       ``(9) In the case of medium grain rice, $7.00 per 
     hundredweight.
       ``(10) In the case of soybeans, $6.20 per bushel.
       ``(11) In the case of other oilseeds, $10.09 per 
     hundredweight for each of the following kinds of oilseeds:
       ``(A) Sunflower seed.
       ``(B) Rapeseed.
       ``(C) Canola.
       ``(D) Safflower.
       ``(E) Flaxseed.
       ``(F) Mustard seed.
       ``(G) Crambe.
       ``(H) Sesame seed.
       ``(I) Other oilseeds designated by the Secretary.
       ``(12) In the case of dry peas, $6.15 per hundredweight.
       ``(13) In the case of lentils, $13.00 per hundredweight.
       ``(14) In the case of small chickpeas, $10.00 per 
     hundredweight.
       ``(15) In the case of large chickpeas, $14.00 per 
     hundredweight.
       ``(16) In the case of graded wool, $1.15 per pound.
       ``(17) In the case of nongraded wool, $0.40 per pound.
       ``(18) In the case of mohair, $4.20 per pound.
       ``(19) In the case of honey, $0.69 per pound.
       ``(20) In the case of peanuts, $355 per ton.''; and
       (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``subsection (a)(11)'' and inserting ``subsections (a)(11) 
     and (b)(11)''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1204(h)(1) of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9034(h)(1)) is amended by 
     striking ``section 1202(a)(20)'' and inserting ``subsection 
     (a)(20) or (b)(20), as applicable, of section 1202''.

     SEC. 1203. ECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE FOR TEXTILE MILLS.

       (a) 2008 Authority.--Section 1207 of the Food, 
     Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8737) is 
     amended by striking subsection (c).
       (b) 2014 Authority.--Section 1207(c) of the Agricultural 
     Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9037(c)) is amended by striking the 
     subsection heading and inserting ``Economic Adjustment 
     Assistance for Textile Mills''.

     SEC. 1204. SPECIAL COMPETITIVE PROVISIONS FOR EXTRA LONG 
                   STAPLE COTTON.

       (a) In General.--Section 1208(a) of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 9038(a)) is amended in the matter preceding 
     paragraph (1) by striking ``2019'' and inserting ``2024''.
       (b) Payments Under Program; Trigger.--Section 1208(b)(2) of 
     the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9038(b)(2)) is amended 
     by striking ``134 percent'' and inserting ``113 percent''.

     SEC. 1205. AVAILABILITY OF RECOURSE LOANS.

       (a) In General.--Section 1209 of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 9039) is amended in subsections (a)(2) and (b) 
     by striking ``2018'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``2023''.
       (b) Recourse Loans Available for Contaminated 
     Commodities.--Section 1209 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
     U.S.C. 9039) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
       ``(c) Recourse Loans Available for Contaminated 
     Commodities.--In the case of a loan commodity that is 
     ineligible for 100 percent of the nonrecourse marketing loan 
     rate in the county due to a determination that the commodity 
     is contaminated yet still merchantable, for each of the 2019 
     through 2023 crops of such loan commodity, the Secretary 
     shall make available recourse commodity loans, at the rate 
     provided under section 1202, on any production.''.

                           Subtitle C--Sugar

     SEC. 1301. SUGAR POLICY.

       (a) Sugar Program.--
       (1) Sugarcane.--Section 156(a) of the Federal Agriculture 
     Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7272(a)) is 
     amended--
       (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) 19.75 cents per pound for raw cane sugar for each of 
     the 2019 through 2023 crop years.''.
       (2) Sugar beets.--Section 156(b)(2) of the Federal 
     Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
     7272(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

[[Page H9830]]

       (3) Effective period.--Section 156(i) of the Federal 
     Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
     7272(i)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.
       (b) Flexible Marketing Allotments for Sugar.--
       (1) Sugar estimates.--Section 359b(a)(1) of the 
     Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359bb(a)(1)) 
     is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
       (2) Effective period.--Section 359l(a) of the Agricultural 
     Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359ll(a)) is amended by 
     striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

  Subtitle D--Dairy Margin Coverage and Other Dairy Related Provisions

     SEC. 1401. DAIRY MARGIN COVERAGE.

       (a) Review of Data Used in Calculation of Average Feed 
     Cost.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
     Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
     on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
     report evaluating the extent to which the average cost of 
     feed used by a dairy operation to produce a hundredweight of 
     milk calculated by the Secretary as required by section 
     1402(a) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9052(a)) is 
     representative of actual dairy feed costs.
       (b) Corn Silage Report.--Not later than 1 year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
     and Forestry of the Senate a report detailing the costs 
     incurred by dairy operations in the use of corn silage as 
     feed, and the difference between the feed cost of corn silage 
     and the feed cost of corn.
       (c) Collection of Alfalfa Hay Data.--Not later than 120 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary, acting through the National Agricultural 
     Statistics Service, shall revise monthly price survey reports 
     to include prices for high-quality alfalfa hay in the top 
     five milk producing States, as measured by volume of milk 
     produced during the previous month.
       (d) Registration of Multiproducer Dairy Operations.--
     Section 1404(b) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
     9054(b)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
       (2) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
       ``(3) Election period for 2019 calendar year.--For the 2019 
     calendar year, the Secretary shall--
       ``(A) open the election period not later than 60 days after 
     the effective date described in section 1401(m) of the 
     Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018; and
       ``(B) hold that election period open for not less than 90 
     days.
       ``(4) Treatment of multiproducer dairy operation.--
       ``(A) In general.--If a participating dairy operation is 
     operated by more than 1 dairy producer, the dairy producers 
     of the dairy operation who elect to participate shall be 
     treated as a single dairy operation for purposes of 
     participating in dairy margin coverage.
       ``(B) Rule of construction.--Subparagraph (A) shall not be 
     construed to allow a producer to adjust the proportion of 
     their share covered under tier I or tier II premiums from the 
     proportion covered for the operation.''.
       (e) Relation to Livestock Gross Margin for Dairy Program.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1404 of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054) is amended by striking subsection (d).
       (2) Retroactive program option.--Section 1404(b)(2) of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054(b)(2)) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) Retroactive program option.--In the case of a dairy 
     operation that, by operation of subsection (d) (as in effect 
     on the day before the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
     Improvement Act of 2018), was ineligible to participate in 
     the margin protection program for any part of calendar year 
     2018, the Secretary shall establish a new election period for 
     that calendar year that ends on a date that is not less than 
     90 days after the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
     Improvement Act of 2018 and the Secretary determines is 
     necessary for dairy operations to make new elections to 
     participate in the margin protection program (as in effect on 
     the day before the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
     Improvement Act of 2018) for that calendar year, including 
     dairy operations that elected to participate in the livestock 
     gross margin for dairy program under the Federal Crop 
     Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) before the date of 
     enactment of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (Public Law 
     115-123).''.
       (f) Production History of Participating Dairy Operators.--
       (1) Adjustment.--Section 1405 of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 9055) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)--
       (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``In subsequent years'' 
     and inserting ``In the subsequent calendar years ending 
     before January 1, 2019''; and
       (ii) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, as applicable'' 
     after ``paragraph (2)''; and
       (B) in subsection (b)--
       (i) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
     appropriately;
       (ii) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as so 
     redesignated), by striking ``In the case'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) Dairy operations with less than 1 year of production 
     history.--In the case''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Dairy operations with 1 year or more of production 
     history.--In the case of a participating dairy operation that 
     was not in operation prior to January 1, 2014, that has not 
     established a production history, and that has been in 
     operation for equal to or longer than 1 year, the 
     participating dairy operation shall elect the annual milk 
     marketings during any 1 calendar year to determine the 
     production history of the participating dairy operation.
       ``(3) Adjustment.--The Secretary shall adjust the 
     production history of a participating dairy operation 
     determined under paragraph (1) or (2) to reflect any increase 
     or decrease in the national average milk production relative 
     to calendar year 2017.''.
       (2) Limitation on changes to business structure.--Section 
     1405 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9055) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Limitation on Changes to Business Structure.--The 
     Secretary may not make dairy margin coverage payments to a 
     participating dairy operation if the Secretary determines 
     that the participating dairy operation has reorganized the 
     structure of such operation solely for the purpose of 
     qualifying as a new operation under subsection (b).''.
       (g) Coverage Level Threshold and Coverage Percentage.--
     Section 1406 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9056) 
     is amended by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(a) Coverage Level Threshold and Coverage Percentage.--
       ``(1) Coverage level threshold.--
       ``(A) In general.--For purposes of receiving dairy margin 
     coverage payments for a month, a participating dairy 
     operation shall annually elect a coverage level threshold 
     that is equal to $4.00, $4.50, $5.00, $5.50, $6.00, $6.50, 
     $7.00, $7.50, $8.00, $8.50, $9.00, or $9.50.
       ``(B) Applicability.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
     (C), the coverage level threshold elected under subparagraph 
     (A) shall apply to the covered production elected by the 
     participating dairy operation under paragraph (2).
       ``(C) Second coverage election for tier ii.--In the case of 
     a participating dairy operation that elects a coverage level 
     threshold of $8.50, $9.00, or $9.50 under subparagraph (A)--
       ``(i) that coverage level threshold shall apply to the 
     first 5,000,000 pounds of milk marketings included in the 
     covered production elected by the participating dairy 
     operation; and
       ``(ii) the participating dairy operation shall elect a 
     coverage level threshold that is equal to $4.00, $4.50, 
     $5.00, $5.50, $6.00, $6.50, $7.00, $7.50, or $8.00 to apply 
     to milk marketings in excess of 5,000,000 pounds included in 
     the covered production elected by the participating dairy 
     operation.
       ``(2) Coverage percentage.--For purposes of receiving dairy 
     margin coverage payments for a month, a participating dairy 
     operation shall annually elect a percentage of coverage, in 
     5-percent increments, not exceeding 95 percent of the 
     production history of the participating dairy operation.''.
       (h) Producer Premiums.--Section 1407 of the Agricultural 
     Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9057) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(2) Producer premiums.--Except as provided in subsection 
     (g), the following annual premiums apply:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
          ``Coverage Level                     Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
$4.00                                None
$4.50                                $0.0025
$5.00                                $0.005
$5.50                                $0.030
$6.00                                $0.050
$6.50                                $0.070
$7.00                                $0.080
$7.50                                $0.090
$8.00                                $0.100
$8.50                                $0.105
$9.00                                $0.110
$9.50                                $0.150''; and
------------------------------------------------------------------------

       (2) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (2) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(2) Producer premiums.--Except as provided in subsection 
     (g), the following annual premiums apply:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
          ``Coverage Level                     Premium per Cwt.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
$4.00                                None
$4.50                                $0.0025
$5.00                                $0.005
$5.50                                $0.100
$6.00                                $0.310
$6.50                                $0.650
$7.00                                $1.107
$7.50                                $1.413
$8.00                                $1.813''.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

       (i) Repayment of Premiums.--Section 1407 of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9057) is amended by adding 
     at the end the following:
       ``(f) Repayment of Premiums.--
       ``(1) In general.--Each dairy operation described in 
     paragraph (2) shall be eligible to receive a repayment from 
     the Secretary in an amount equal to the difference between--
       ``(A) the total amount of premiums paid by the 
     participating dairy operation under this section for each 
     applicable calendar year; and
       ``(B) the total amount of payments made to the 
     participating dairy operation under section 1406 for that 
     calendar year.
       ``(2) Eligibility.--A dairy operation that is eligible to 
     receive a repayment under paragraph (1) is a dairy operation 
     that--
       ``(A) participated in the margin protection program, as in 
     effect for any of calendar years 2014 through 2017; and

[[Page H9831]]

       ``(B) submits to the Secretary an application for the 
     repayment at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
     information as the Secretary may require.
       ``(3) Method of repayment.--A dairy operation that is 
     eligible to receive a repayment under paragraph (1) shall 
     elect to receive the repayment--
       ``(A) in an amount equal to 75 percent of the repayment 
     calculated under that paragraph as credit that may be used by 
     the dairy operation for dairy margin coverage premiums; or
       ``(B) in an amount equal to 50 percent of the repayment 
     calculated under that paragraph as a direct cash repayment.
       ``(4) Applicability.--Paragraph (1) shall only apply to a 
     calendar year during the period of calendar years 2014 
     through 2017 for which the amount described in subparagraph 
     (A) of that paragraph is greater than the amount described in 
     subparagraph (B) of that paragraph.''.
       (j) Premium Discount.--Section 1407 of the Agricultural Act 
     of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9057) (as amended by subsection (i)) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(g) Premium Discount.--The premium per hundredweight 
     specified in the tables contained in subsections (b) and (c) 
     for each coverage level shall be reduced by 25 percent in 
     accordance with the following:
       ``(1) In general.--For each of calendar years 2019 through 
     2023, for a participating dairy operation that makes a 1-time 
     election of coverage level in a tier and of a percentage of 
     coverage under section 1406(a) for the 5-year period 
     beginning in January 2019.
       ``(2) New dairy operations.--For each applicable calendar 
     year through 2023, for a participating dairy operation that--
       ``(A) establishes a production history pursuant to section 
     1405(b); and
       ``(B) makes a 1-time election of coverage level in a tier 
     and of a percentage of coverage under section 1406(a) for the 
     period beginning with the first available calendar year and 
     ending in December 2023.
       ``(3) Full participation required.--Notwithstanding the 
     annual elections under section 1406(a)--
       ``(A) a 1-time enrollment under this subsection shall 
     remain in effect for the full duration applicable to a 
     participating dairy operation in accordance with paragraph 
     (1) or (2)(B), as applicable; and
       ``(B) a participating dairy operation that makes a 1-time 
     enrollment under this subsection and is noncompliant under 
     section 1408 shall be subject to that section.''.
       (k) Conforming Amendments Related to Program Name.--
       (1) Heading.--The heading of part I of subtitle D of title 
     I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79; 128 
     Stat. 688) is amended to read as follows:

                   ``PART I--DAIRY MARGIN COVERAGE''.

       (2) Definitions.--Section 1401 of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 9051) is amended--
       (A) by striking paragraphs (5) and (6) and inserting the 
     following new paragraphs:
       ``(5) Dairy margin coverage.--The term `dairy margin 
     coverage' means the dairy margin coverage program required by 
     section 1403.
       ``(6) Dairy margin coverage payment.--The term `dairy 
     margin coverage payment' means a payment made to a 
     participating dairy operation under dairy margin coverage 
     pursuant to section 1406.''; and
       (B) in paragraphs (7) and (8), by striking ``the margin 
     protection program'' both places it appears and inserting 
     ``dairy margin coverage''.
       (3) Calculation of actual dairy production margin.--Section 
     1402(b)(1) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
     9052(b)(1)) is amended in the matter preceding subparagraph 
     (A) by striking ``the margin protection program'' and 
     inserting ``dairy margin coverage''.
       (4) Program operation.--Section 1403 of the Agricultural 
     Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9053) is amended--
       (A) by striking the section heading and inserting ``dairy 
     margin coverage'';
       (B) by striking ``Not later than September 1, 2014, the 
     Secretary shall establish and administer a margin protection 
     program'' and inserting the following:
       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall continue to 
     administer a dairy margin coverage program'';
       (C) in subsection (a) (as so designated), by striking 
     ``margin protection payment'' both places it appears and 
     inserting ``dairy margin coverage payment''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(b) Regulations.--Subpart A of part 1430 of title 7, Code 
     of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment 
     of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018), shall remain in 
     effect for dairy margin coverage beginning with the 2019 
     calendar year, except to the extent that the regulations are 
     inconsistent with any provision of this Act.''.
       (5) Participation.--Section 1404 of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054) is amended--
       (A) in the section heading, by striking ``margin protection 
     program'' and inserting ``dairy margin coverage'';
       (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``the margin protection 
     program to receive margin protection payments'' and inserting 
     ``dairy margin coverage to receive dairy margin coverage 
     payments''; and
       (C) in subsections (b) and (c), by striking ``the margin 
     protection program'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``dairy margin coverage''.
       (6) Production history.--Section 1405 of the Agricultural 
     Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9055) is amended in subsections (a)(1) 
     and (c) by striking ``the margin protection program'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``dairy margin coverage''.
       (7) Payments.--Section 1406 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
     (7 U.S.C. 9056) is amended--
       (A) in the section heading, by striking ``margin 
     protection'' and inserting ``dairy margin coverage'';
       (B) by striking ``margin protection'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``dairy margin coverage''; and
       (C) in the heading of subsection (c), by striking ``Margin 
     Protection''.
       (8) Premiums.--Section 1407 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
     (7 U.S.C. 9057) is amended--
       (A) in the section heading, by striking ``margin protection 
     program'' and inserting ``dairy margin coverage'';
       (B) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``the margin protection program'' and 
     inserting ``dairy margin coverage'';
       (C) in subsection (d), by striking ``program'' and 
     inserting ``dairy margin coverage''; and
       (D) in subsection (e)--
       (i) by striking ``the margin protection program'' both 
     places it appears and inserting ``dairy margin coverage''; 
     and
       (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``integrity of the 
     program'' and inserting ``integrity of dairy margin 
     coverage''.
       (9) Failure to pay administrative fees or premiums.--
     Section 1408 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9058) 
     is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``margin protection'' 
     and inserting ``dairy margin coverage''; and
       (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the margin protection 
     program'' and inserting ``dairy margin coverage''.
       (10) Administration and enforcement.--Section 1410 of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9060) is amended--
       (A) in subsections (a) and (c), by striking ``the margin 
     protection program'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``dairy margin coverage''; and
       (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``margin protection'' 
     and inserting ``dairy margin coverage''.
       (l) Duration.--Section 1409 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
     (7 U.S.C. 9059) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``The margin protection program'' and 
     inserting ``Dairy margin coverage''; and
       (2) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
       (m) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on January 1, 2019.

     SEC. 1402. REAUTHORIZATIONS.

       (a) Forward Pricing.--Section 1502(e) of the Food, 
     Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8772(e)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2021'' and inserting 
     ``2026''.
       (b) Indemnity Program.--Section 3 of Public Law 90-484 (7 
     U.S.C. 4553) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.
       (c) Promotion and Research.--Section 113(e)(2) of the Dairy 
     Production Stabilization Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 4504(e)(2)) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 1403. CLASS I SKIM MILK PRICE.

       (a) Class I Skim Milk Price.--Section 8c(5)(A) of the 
     Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(5)(A)), reenacted 
     with amendments by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act 
     of 1937, is amended by striking ``Throughout'' in the third 
     sentence and all that follows through the period at the end 
     of the fourth sentence and inserting ``Throughout the 2-year 
     period beginning on the effective date of this sentence (and 
     subsequent to such 2-year period unless modified by amendment 
     to the order involved), for purposes of determining prices 
     for milk of the highest use classification, the Class I skim 
     milk price per hundredweight specified in section 1000.50(b) 
     of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
     regulations), shall be the sum of the adjusted Class I 
     differential specified in section 1000.52 of such title 7 (or 
     successor regulations), plus the adjustment to Class I prices 
     specified in sections 1005.51(b), 1006.51(b), and 1007.51(b) 
     of such title 7 (or successor regulations), plus the simple 
     average of the advanced pricing factors computed in sections 
     1000.50(q)(1) and 1000.50(q)(2) of such title 7 (or successor 
     regulations), plus $0.74.''.
       (b) Effective Date and Implementation.--
       (1) Effective date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the first day of the first month 
     beginning more than 120 days after the date of enactment of 
     this Act.
       (2) Implementation.--Implementation of the amendment made 
     by subsection (a) shall not be subject to any of the 
     following:
       (A) The notice and comment provisions of section 553 of 
     title 5, United States Code.
       (B) The notice and hearing requirements of section 8c(3) of 
     the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(3)), reenacted 
     with amendments by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act 
     of 1937.
       (C) The order amendment requirements of section 8c(17) of 
     that Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(17)).
       (D) A referendum under section 8c(19) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
     608c(19)).

     SEC. 1404. DAIRY PRODUCT DONATION.

       (a) Repeal of Dairy Product Donation Program.--Section 1431 
     of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9071) is repealed.
       (b) Milk Donation Program.--
       (1) In general.--Part III of subtitle D of title I of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79; 128 Stat. 695) 
     is amended to read as follows:

                   ``PART III--MILK DONATION PROGRAM

     ``SEC. 1431. MILK DONATION PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Eligible dairy organization.--The term `eligible 
     dairy organization' means a dairy farmer (either individually 
     or as part of a cooperative), or a dairy processor, who--

[[Page H9832]]

       ``(A) accounts to a Federal milk marketing order marketwide 
     pool; and
       ``(B) incurs qualified expenses under subsection (e).
       ``(2) Eligible distributor.--The term `eligible 
     distributor' means a public or private nonprofit organization 
     that distributes donated eligible milk.
       ``(3) Eligible milk.--The term `eligible milk' means Class 
     I fluid milk products produced and processed in the United 
     States.
       ``(4) Eligible partnership.--The term `eligible 
     partnership' means a partnership between an eligible dairy 
     organization and an eligible distributor.
       ``(5) Participating partnership.--The term `participating 
     partnership' means an eligible partnership for which the 
     Secretary has approved a donation and distribution plan for 
     eligible milk under subsection (c)(2).
       ``(b) Program Required; Purposes.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement 
     Act of 2018, the Secretary shall establish and administer a 
     milk donation program for the purposes of--
       ``(1) encouraging the donation of eligible milk;
       ``(2) providing nutrition assistance to individuals in low-
     income groups; and
       ``(3) reducing food waste.
       ``(c) Donation and Distribution Plans.--
       ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive reimbursement 
     under subsection (d), an eligible partnership shall submit to 
     the Secretary a donation and distribution plan that--
       ``(A) describes the process that the eligible partnership 
     will use for the donation, processing, transportation, 
     temporary storage, and distribution of eligible milk;
       ``(B) includes an estimate of the quantity of eligible milk 
     that the eligible partnership will donate each year, based 
     on--
       ``(i) preplanned donations; and
       ``(ii) contingency plans to address unanticipated 
     donations; and
       ``(C) describes the rate at which the eligible partnership 
     will be reimbursed, which shall be based on a percentage of 
     the limitation described in subsection (e)(2), not to exceed 
     100 percent.
       ``(2) Review and approval.--Not less frequently than 
     annually, the Secretary shall--
       ``(A) review donation and distribution plans submitted 
     under paragraph (1); and
       ``(B) determine whether to approve or disapprove each of 
     those donation and distribution plans.
       ``(d) Reimbursement.--
       ``(1) In general.--On receipt of appropriate documentation 
     under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall reimburse an 
     eligible dairy organization that is a member of a 
     participating partnership on a regular basis for qualified 
     expenses described in subsection (e).
       ``(2) Documentation.--
       ``(A) In general.--An eligible dairy organization shall 
     submit to the Secretary such documentation as the Secretary 
     may require to demonstrate the qualified expenses described 
     in subsection (e) of the eligible dairy organization.
       ``(B) Verification.--The Secretary may verify the accuracy 
     of documentation submitted under subparagraph (A) by spot 
     checks and audits.
       ``(3) Retroactive reimbursement.--In providing 
     reimbursements under paragraph (1), the Secretary may provide 
     reimbursements for qualified expenses incurred before the 
     date on which the donation and distribution plan for the 
     applicable participating partnership was approved by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(e) Qualified Expenses.--
       ``(1) In general.--The amount of a reimbursement under 
     subsection (d) shall be an amount equal to the product of--
       ``(A) the quantity of eligible milk donated by the eligible 
     dairy organization under a donation and distribution plan 
     approved by the Secretary under subsection (c); and
       ``(B) subject to the limitation under paragraph (2), the 
     rate described in that donation and distribution plan under 
     subsection (c)(1)(C).
       ``(2) Limitation.--Expenses eligible for reimbursement 
     under subsection (d) shall not exceed the value that an 
     eligible dairy organization incurred by accounting to the 
     Federal milk marketing order pool at the difference in the 
     Class I milk value and the lowest classified price for the 
     applicable month (either Class III milk or Class IV milk).
       ``(f) Preapproval.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(A) establish a process for an eligible partnership to 
     apply for preapproval of donation and distribution plans 
     under subsection (c); and
       ``(B) not less frequently than annually, preapprove an 
     amount for qualified expenses described in subsection (e) 
     that the Secretary will allocate for reimbursement under each 
     donation and distribution plan preapproved under subparagraph 
     (A), based on an assessment of--
       ``(i) the feasibility of the plan; and
       ``(ii) the extent to which the plan advances the purposes 
     described in subsection (b).
       ``(2) Preference.--In preapproving amounts for 
     reimbursement under paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary shall 
     give preference to eligible partnerships that will provide 
     funding and in-kind contributions in addition to the 
     reimbursements.
       ``(3) Adjustments.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall adjust or increase 
     amounts preapproved for reimbursement under paragraph (1)(B) 
     based on performance and demand.
       ``(B) Requests for increase.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
     procedure for a participating partnership to request an 
     increase in the amount preapproved for reimbursement under 
     paragraph (1)(B) based on changes in conditions.
       ``(ii) Interim approval; incremental increase.--The 
     Secretary may provide an interim approval of an increase 
     requested under clause (i) and an incremental increase in the 
     amount of reimbursement to the applicable participating 
     partnership to allow time for the Secretary to review the 
     request without interfering with the donation and 
     distribution of eligible milk by the participating 
     partnership.
       ``(g) Prohibition on Resale of Products.--
       ``(1) In general.--An eligible distributor that receives 
     eligible milk donated under this section may not sell the 
     products back into commercial markets.
       ``(2) Prohibition on future participation.--An eligible 
     distributor that the Secretary determines has violated 
     paragraph (1) shall not be eligible for any future 
     participation in the program established under this section.
       ``(h) Administration.--The Secretary shall publicize 
     opportunities to participate in the program established under 
     this section.
       ``(i) Reviews.--The Secretary shall conduct appropriate 
     reviews or audits to ensure the integrity of the program 
     established under this section.
       ``(j) Funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
     Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this 
     section $9,000,000 for fiscal year 2019, and $5,000,000 for 
     each fiscal year thereafter, to remain available until 
     expended.''.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1401 of the Agricultural 
     Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9051) is amended, in the matter 
     preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``and part III''.

       Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance

     SEC. 1501. SUPPLEMENTAL AGRICULTURAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE.

       (a) Members of Indian Tribes.--Section 1501(a)(1)(B) of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(a)(1)(B)) is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating clauses (iii) and (iv) as clauses (iv) 
     and (v), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
       ``(iii) an Indian tribe or tribal organization (as those 
     terms are defined in section 4 of the Indian Self-
     Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 
     5304));''.
       (b) Covered Livestock Losses for Livestock Indemnity 
     Payments.--Section 1501(b) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
     U.S.C. 9081(b)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``or'' at the end of subparagraph (A);
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``cold.'' and 
     inserting ``cold, on the condition that in the case of the 
     death loss of unweaned livestock due to that adverse weather, 
     the Secretary may disregard any management practice, 
     vaccination protocol, or lack of vaccination by the eligible 
     producer on a farm; or''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) disease that, as determined by the Secretary--
       ``(i) is caused or transmitted by a vector; and
       ``(ii) is not susceptible to control by vaccination or 
     acceptable management practices.''; and
       (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``A payment'' and 
     inserting ``Payment reductions.--A payment''.
       (c) Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees, and 
     Farm-raised Fish.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1501(d)(2) of the Agricultural Act 
     of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(d)(2)) is amended by inserting ``, 
     including inspections of cattle tick fever'' before the 
     period at the end.
       (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
     shall apply to inspections of cattle tick fever conducted on 
     or after the date of enactment of this Act.
       (d) Tree Assistance Program.--Section 1501(e) of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(e)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (3), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
     (A), by striking ``paragraph (4)'' and inserting ``paragraphs 
     (4) and (5)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) Payment rate for beginning and veteran producers.--
     Subject to paragraph (4), in the case of a beginning farmer 
     or rancher or a veteran farmer or rancher (as those terms are 
     defined in subsection (a) of section 2501 of the Food, 
     Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
     2279)) that is eligible to receive assistance under this 
     subsection, the Secretary shall provide reimbursement of 75 
     percent of the costs under subparagraphs (A)(i) and (B) of 
     paragraph (3).''.
       (e) Payment Limitation.--Section 1501(f)(2) of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(f)(2)) is amended by 
     striking ``this section (excluding payments received under 
     subsections (b) and (e))'' and inserting ``subsection (c)''.

                 Subtitle F--Noninsured Crop Assistance

     SEC. 1601. NONINSURED CROP ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       Section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
     Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) Data collection and sharing.--The Secretary shall 
     coordinate with the Administrator of the Risk Management 
     Agency on the type and format of data received under the 
     noninsured crop disaster assistance program that--
       ``(i) best facilitates the use of that data in developing 
     policies or plans of insurance offered under the Federal Crop 
     Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.); and
       ``(ii) ensures the availability of that data on a regular 
     basis.
       ``(D) Coordination.--The Secretary shall coordinate between 
     the agencies of the Department that provide programs or 
     services to farmers and ranchers that are potentially 
     eligible for the noninsured crop disaster assistance program 
     under this section--
       ``(i) to make available coverage under--

       ``(I) the fee waiver under subsection (k)(2); or

[[Page H9833]]

       ``(II) the premium discount under subsection (l)(3); and

       ``(ii) to share eligibility information to reduce paperwork 
     and avoid duplication.'';
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (A) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), in this 
     section, the term `eligible crop' means each commercial crop 
     or other agricultural commodity that is produced for food or 
     fiber (except livestock) for which catastrophic risk 
     protection under subsection (b) of section 508 of the Federal 
     Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508) and additional coverage 
     under subsections (c) and (h) of such section are not 
     available or, if such coverage is available, it is only 
     available under a policy that provides coverage for specific 
     intervals based on weather indexes or under a whole farm plan 
     of insurance.''; and
       (C) in paragraph (4)(B)--
       (i) by striking clause (i) and inserting the following:
       ``(i) In general.--

       ``(I) Agricultural act of 2014.--During the first 4 crop 
     years of planting, as determined by the Secretary, native sod 
     acreage that has been tilled for the production of an annual 
     crop during the period beginning on February 8, 2014, and 
     ending on the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
     Improvement Act of 2018 shall be subject to a reduction in 
     benefits under this section as described in this 
     subparagraph.
       ``(II) Subsequent years.--Native sod acreage that has been 
     tilled for the production of an eligible crop after the date 
     of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 shall 
     be subject to a reduction in benefits under this section as 
     described in this subparagraph for not more than any 4 crop 
     years--

       ``(aa) during the first 10 crop years after the initial 
     tillage; and
       ``(bb) during which a crop on that acreage is enrolled 
     under subsection (l)(2) or (k).''; and
       (ii) in clause (iii)(I), by striking ``transitional yield 
     of the producer'' and inserting ``county expected yield'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``not later than 30 
     days'' and inserting ``by an appropriate deadline''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Streamlined submission process.--The Secretary shall 
     establish a streamlined process for the submission of records 
     and acreage reports under paragraphs (2) and (3) for diverse 
     production systems such as those typical of urban production 
     systems, other small-scale production systems, and direct-to-
     consumer production systems.'';
       (3) in subsection (d)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as 
     paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively;
       (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:
       ``(1) the producer's share of the total acres devoted to 
     the eligible crop; by''; and
       (C) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``established yield for the crop'' and inserting ``approved 
     yield for the crop, as determined by the Secretary'';
       (4) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``farm'' and inserting 
     ``approved'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in the second sentence--

       (I) by inserting ``approved'' before ``yield''; and
       (II) by striking ``Subject'' and inserting the following:

       ``(B) Calculation.--Subject''; and
       (ii) in the matter preceding subparagraph (B) (as so 
     designated)--

       (I) by striking ``yield coverage'' and inserting ``an 
     approved yield''; and
       (II) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
     following:

       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary''; and
       (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``transitional yield of 
     the producer'' and inserting ``county expected yield'';
       (5) in subsection (i)(2), by striking ``exceed $125,000'' 
     and inserting the following: ``exceed--
       ``(A) in the case of catastrophic coverage under subsection 
     (c), $125,000; and
       ``(B) in the case of additional coverage under subsection 
     (l), $300,000'';
       (6) in subsection (k)(1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$250'' and inserting 
     ``$325''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) by striking ``$750'' and inserting ``$825''; and
       (ii) by striking ``$1,875'' and inserting ``$1,950''; and
       (7) in subsection (l)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) as 
     subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D), respectively;
       (ii) by inserting before subparagraph (B) (as so 
     redesignated) the following:
       ``(A) the producer's share of the total acres devoted to 
     the crop;''; and
       (iii) in subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated), by 
     inserting ``, contract price, or other premium price (such as 
     a local, organic, or direct market price, as elected by the 
     producer)'' after ``price'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)(B)(i)--
       (i) in subclause (IV), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (ii) in subclause (V), by striking ``or'' at the end and 
     inserting ``and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:

       ``(VI) the producer's share of the crop; or'';

       (C) by striking paragraphs (3) and (5); and
       (D) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3).

                       Subtitle G--Administration

     SEC. 1701. REGULATIONS.

       Section 1601(c)(2) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
     U.S.C. 9091(c)(2)) is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``title and sections 11003 and 11017'' and inserting ``title, 
     sections 11003 and 11017, title I of the Agriculture 
     Improvement Act of 2018 and the amendments made by that 
     title, and section 10109 of that Act'';
       (2) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the end;
       (3) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; and'' and 
     inserting a period; and
       (4) by striking subparagraph (C).

     SEC. 1702. SUSPENSION OF PERMANENT PRICE SUPPORT AUTHORITY.

       Section 1602 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
     9092) is amended by striking ``2018'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 1703. PAYMENT LIMITATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Section 1001 of the Food Security Act of 
     1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section 1001 of the 
     Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008'' and inserting 
     ``section 1111 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
     9011)''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``first cousin, niece, 
     nephew,'' after ``sibling,'';
       (2) in subsections (b) and (c), by striking ``and as 
     marketing loan gains or loan deficiency payments under 
     subtitle B of title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 9016, 9017)''; and
       (3) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following:
       ``(9) Administration of reduction.--The Secretary shall 
     apply any order described in section 1614(d)(1) of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(d)(1)) to payments 
     under sections 1116 and 1117 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 9016, 
     9017) prior to applying payment limitations under this 
     section.''.
       (b) Application.--The amendments made by this section shall 
     apply beginning with the 2019 crop year.

     SEC. 1704. ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME LIMITATIONS.

       (a) Waiver.--Section 1001D(b) of the Food Security Act of 
     1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(b)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)(C), by inserting ``title II of the 
     Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018,'' after ``under''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the limitation 
     established by paragraph (1) with respect to a payment 
     pursuant to a covered benefit described in paragraph (2)(C), 
     on a case-by-case basis, if the Secretary determines that 
     environmentally sensitive land of special significance would 
     be protected as a result of such waiver.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1001D(b)(1) of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(b)(1)) is amended by 
     inserting ``subject to paragraph (3),'' after ``of law,''.
       (c) Transition.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act of 
     1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a), as in effect on the day before the 
     date of enactment of this Act, shall apply with respect to 
     the 2018 crop, fiscal, or program year, as appropriate, for 
     each program described in subsection (b)(2) of that section 
     (as so in effect on that day).

     SEC. 1705. FARM SERVICE AGENCY ACCOUNTABILITY.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish 
     policies, procedures, and plans to improve program 
     accountability and integrity through targeted and coordinated 
     activities, including utilizing data mining to identify and 
     reduce errors, waste, fraud, and abuse in programs 
     administered by the Farm Service Agency.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
     the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
     Senate a report describing the progress and results of the 
     activities conducted under subsection (a).

     SEC. 1706. IMPLEMENTATION.

       (a) Maintenance of Base Acres and Payment Yields.--Section 
     1614(a) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(a)) is 
     amended by inserting ``, and as adjusted pursuant to sections 
     1112 and 1113'' before the period at the end.
       (b) Streamlining.--Section 1614 of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097) is amended by striking subsection (b) 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(b) Streamlining.--In implementing this title and the 
     amendments made by this title, the Secretary shall--
       ``(1) continue to reduce administrative burdens and costs 
     to producers by streamlining and reducing paperwork, forms, 
     and other administrative requirements, to ensure that--
       ``(A) a producer (or an agent of a producer) may report 
     information, electronically (including geospatial data) or 
     conventionally, to the Department of Agriculture, subject to 
     the Secretary--
       ``(i) establishing reasonable levels of tolerance that 
     reflect the differences in accuracy between measures of 
     common land units and geospatial data; and
       ``(ii) ensuring that discrepancies that occur within the 
     levels of tolerance established under clause (i) shall not be 
     used to penalize a producer (or an agent of a producer) under 
     any program administered by the Department of Agriculture;
       ``(B) on the request of a producer (or an agent of a 
     producer), the Department of Agriculture electronically 
     shares with the producer (or agent) in real time and without 
     cost to the producer (or agent) the common land unit data, 
     related farm level data, conservation practices, and other 
     information of the producer through a single Department of 
     Agriculture-wide login;

[[Page H9834]]

       ``(C) not later than September 30, 2020, the Administrator 
     of the Risk Management Agency and the Administrator of the 
     Farm Service Agency shall implement a consistent method for 
     determining crop acreage, acreage yields, farm acreage, 
     property descriptions, and other common informational 
     requirements, including measures of common land units;
       ``(D) except in the case of misrepresentation, fraud, or 
     scheme and device, no crop insurance agent, approved 
     insurance provider, or employee or contractor of a crop 
     insurance agency or approved insurance provider bears 
     responsibility or liability under the Acreage Crop Reporting 
     and Streamlining Initiative (or any successor or similar 
     initiative) for the eligibility of a producer for a program 
     administered by the Department of Agriculture, not including 
     a policy or plan of insurance offered under the Federal Crop 
     Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.); and
       ``(E) on request of a crop insurance agent or approved 
     insurance provider required to deliver policies and plans of 
     insurance under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 
     et seq.) the crop insurance agent or approved insurance 
     provider receives, in a timely manner, any information held 
     by the Farm Service Agency that is necessary to ensure 
     effective crop insurance coverage for farmer customers;
       ``(2) continue to improve coordination, information 
     sharing, and administrative work among the Farm Service 
     Agency, Risk Management Agency, Natural Resources 
     Conservation Service, and other agencies, as determined by 
     the Secretary;
       ``(3) continue to take advantage of new technologies to 
     enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the delivery of 
     Department of Agriculture programs to producers, including by 
     developing and making publicly available data standards and 
     security procedures to allow third-party providers to develop 
     applications that use or feed data (including geospatial and 
     precision agriculture data) into the datasets and analyses of 
     the Department of Agriculture; and
       ``(4) reduce administrative burdens on producers 
     participating in price loss coverage or agriculture risk 
     coverage by offering--
       ``(A) those producers an option to remotely and 
     electronically sign annual contracts for that coverage; and
       ``(B) to the maximum extent practicable, an option to sign 
     a multiyear contract for that coverage.''.
       (c) Implementation.--Section 1614(c) of the Agricultural 
     Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(c)) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(4) Agriculture improvement act of 2018.--The Secretary 
     shall make available to the Farm Service Agency to carry out 
     title I of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 and the 
     amendments made by that title $15,500,000.''.
       (d) Loan Implementation.--Section 1614(d)(1) of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(d)(1)) is amended by 
     striking ``under subtitles'' and all that follows through 
     ``except'' and inserting ``under subtitle B or C, under the 
     amendments made by subtitle B or C, or under the amendments 
     made by subtitle B or C of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
     2018, except''.
       (e) Deobligation of Unliquidated Obligations.--Section 1614 
     of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(e) Deobligation of Unliquidated Obligations.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), any payment 
     obligated or otherwise made available by the Secretary under 
     this title on or after the date of enactment of the 
     Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 that is not disbursed to 
     the recipient by the date that is 5 years after the date on 
     which the payment is obligated or otherwise made available 
     shall--
       ``(A) be deobligated; and
       ``(B) revert to the Treasury.
       ``(2) Outstanding payments.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), any payment 
     obligated or otherwise made available by the Farm Service 
     Agency (or any predecessor agency of the Department of 
     Agriculture) under the laws described in subparagraph (B) 
     before the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement 
     Act of 2018, that is not disbursed by the date that is 5 
     years after the date on which the payment is obligated or 
     otherwise made available shall--
       ``(i) be deobligated; and
       ``(ii) revert to the Treasury.
       ``(B) Laws described.--The laws referred to in subparagraph 
     (A) are any of the following:
       ``(i) This title.
       ``(ii) Title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
     2008 (7 U.S.C. 8702 et seq.).
       ``(iii) Title I of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
     Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 7901 et seq.).
       ``(iv) The Agricultural Market Transition Act (7 U.S.C. 
     7201 et seq.).
       ``(v) Titles I through XI of the Food, Agriculture, 
     Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-624; 104 
     Stat. 3374) and the amendments made by those titles.
       ``(vi) Titles I through X of the Food Security Act of 1985 
     (Public Law 99-198; 99 Stat. 1362) and the amendments made by 
     those titles.
       ``(vii) Titles I through XI of the Agriculture and Food Act 
     of 1981 (Public Law 97-98; 95 Stat. 1218) and the amendments 
     made by those titles.
       ``(viii) Titles I through X of the Food and Agriculture Act 
     of 1977 (Public Law 95-113; 91 Stat. 917) and the amendments 
     made by those titles.
       ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may delay the date of the 
     deobligation and reversion under paragraph (1) or (2) of any 
     payment--
       ``(A) that is the subject of--
       ``(i) ongoing administrative review or appeal;
       ``(ii) litigation; or
       ``(iii) the settlement of an estate; or
       ``(B) for which the Secretary otherwise determines that the 
     circumstances are such that the delay is equitable.''.
       (f) Report.--Section 1614 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
     (7 U.S.C. 9097) (as amended by subsection (e)) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2020, and each 
     January 1 thereafter through January 1, 2023, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
     and Forestry of the Senate a report that describes the tilled 
     native sod acreage that was subject to a reduction in 
     benefits under section 196(a)(4)(B) of the Federal 
     Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 
     7333(a)(4)(B) and section 508(o)(2) of the Federal Crop 
     Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(o)(2))--
       ``(1) as of the date of submission of the report; and
       ``(2) by State and county, relative to the total acres of 
     cropland in the State or county.''.

     SEC. 1707. EXEMPTION FROM CERTAIN REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR 
                   CERTAIN PRODUCERS.

       (a) Definition of Exempted Producer.--In this section, the 
     term ``exempted producer'' means an individual or entity that 
     is eligible to participate in--
       (1) a conservation program under title II or a law amended 
     by title II;
       (2) an indemnity or disease control program under the 
     Animal Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8301 et seq.) or the 
     Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.); or
       (3) a commodity program under title I of the Agricultural 
     Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9011 et seq.), excluding the assistance 
     provided to users of cotton under sections 1207(c) and 1208 
     of that Act (7 U.S.C. 9037(c), 9038).
       (b) Exemption.--Notwithstanding the Federal Funding 
     Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-
     282; 31 U.S.C. 6101 note), the requirements of parts 25 and 
     170 of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
     regulations), shall not apply with respect to assistance 
     received by an exempted producer from the Secretary, acting 
     through the Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation 
     Service, the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health 
     Inspection Service, or the Administrator of the Farm Service 
     Agency.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                    Subtitle A--Wetland Conservation

     SEC. 2101. WETLAND CONVERSION.

       Section 1221(d) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3821(d)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Except as'' and inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--Except as''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Duty of the secretary.--No person shall become 
     ineligible under paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines 
     that an exemption under section 1222(b) applies to that 
     person.''.

     SEC. 2102. WETLAND CONSERVATION.

       Section 1222(c) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3822(c)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``No program'' and inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--No program'';
       (2) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by inserting ``, 
     which, except as provided in paragraph (2), shall be 
     conducted in the presence of the affected person'' before the 
     period at the end; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Exception.--The Secretary may conduct an on-site 
     visit under paragraph (1) without the affected person present 
     if the Secretary has made a reasonable effort to include the 
     presence of the affected person at the on-site visit.''.

     SEC. 2103. MITIGATION BANKING.

       Section 1222(k)(1)(B) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3822(k)(1)(B)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(B) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this 
     paragraph $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
     2023.''.

                Subtitle B--Conservation Reserve Program

     SEC. 2201. CONSERVATION RESERVE.

       (a) In General.--Section 1231(a) of the Food Security Act 
     of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(a)) is amended by striking ``2018'' 
     and inserting ``2023''.
       (b) Eligible Land.--Section 1231(b) of the Food Security 
     Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(b)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (except for land enrolled in the conservation reserve 
     program as of that date)'' and inserting ``Agriculture 
     Improvement Act of 2018, on the condition that the Secretary 
     shall consider to be planted cropland enrolled in the 
     conservation reserve program'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs 
     (5) and (6), respectively;
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
       ``(4) cropland, marginal pasture land, and grasslands that 
     will have a positive impact on water quality and will be 
     devoted to--
       ``(A) a grass sod waterway;
       ``(B) a contour grass sod strip;
       ``(C) a prairie strip;
       ``(D) a filterstrip;
       ``(E) a riparian buffer;
       ``(F) a wetland or a wetland buffer;
       ``(G) a saturated buffer;
       ``(H) a bioreactor; or
       ``(I) another similar water quality practice, as determined 
     by the Secretary;'';
       (4) in paragraph (5) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``or filterstrips or 
     riparian buffers devoted to trees, shrubs, or grasses'' and 
     inserting ``salt tolerant vegetation, field borders, or 
     practices to benefit State or federally identified wellhead 
     protection areas''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``or'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (5) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated), in subparagraph 
     (B)(ii), by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
     or''; and

[[Page H9835]]

       (6) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(7) as determined by the Secretary, land--
       ``(A) that was enrolled in the conservation reserve program 
     under a 15-year contract that expired on September 30, 2017, 
     or September 30, 2018;
       ``(B) for which there was no opportunity for additional 
     enrollment in that program; and
       ``(C) on which the conservation practice under the expired 
     contract under subparagraph (A) is maintained.''.
       (c) Enrollment.--Section 1231(d) of the Food Security Act 
     of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(d)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraphs (A) through 
     (E) and inserting the following:
       ``(A) fiscal year 2019, not more than 24,000,000 acres;
       ``(B) fiscal year 2020, not more than 24,500,000 acres;
       ``(C) fiscal year 2021, not more than 25,000,000 acres;
       ``(D) fiscal year 2022, not more than 25,500,000 acres; and
       ``(E) fiscal year 2023, not more than 27,000,000 acres.'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) Limitation.--For purposes of applying the limitations 
     in paragraph (1)--
       ``(i) the Secretary shall enroll and maintain in the 
     conservation reserve not fewer than 2,000,000 acres of the 
     land described in subsection (b)(3) by September 30, 2023; 
     and
       ``(ii) in carrying out clause (i), to the maximum extent 
     practicable, the Secretary shall maintain in the conservation 
     reserve at any one time during--

       ``(I) fiscal year 2019, 1,000,000 acres;
       ``(II) fiscal year 2020, 1,500,000 acres; and
       ``(III) fiscal years 2021 through 2023, 2,000,000 acres.

       ``(B) Priority.--In enrolling acres under subparagraph (A), 
     the Secretary may give priority to land, as determined by the 
     Secretary--
       ``(i) with expiring conservation reserve contracts;
       ``(ii) at risk of conversion or development; or
       ``(iii) of ecological significance, including land that--

       ``(I) may assist in the restoration of threatened or 
     endangered species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 
     (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.);
       ``(II) may assist in preventing a species from being listed 
     as a threatened or endangered species under the Endangered 
     Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.); or
       ``(III) improves or creates wildlife habitat corridors.'';

       (B) in subparagraph (C)--
       (i) by striking ``In enrolling'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(i) In general.--In enrolling'';
       (ii) in clause (i) (as so designated), by striking ``a 
     continuous'' and inserting ``an annual''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(ii) Timing of grassland ranking period.--For purposes of 
     grasslands described in subsection (b)(3), the Secretary 
     shall announce at least 1 ranking period subsequent to the 
     announcement of general enrollment offers.''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) Reservation of unenrolled acres.--If the Secretary is 
     unable in a fiscal year to enroll enough acres of land 
     described in subsection (b)(3) to meet the number of acres 
     described in clause (ii) or (iii) of subparagraph (A) for the 
     fiscal year--
       ``(i) the Secretary shall reserve the remaining number of 
     acres for that fiscal year for the enrollment of land 
     described in subsection (b)(3); and
       ``(ii) that number of acres shall not be available for the 
     enrollment of any other type of eligible land.''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Water quality practices to foster clean lakes, 
     estuaries, and rivers (clear initiative).--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall give priority within 
     continuous enrollment under paragraph (6) to the enrollment 
     of land described in subsection (b)(4).
       ``(B) Sediment and nutrient loadings.--In carrying out 
     subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall give priority to the 
     implementation of practices on land that, if enrolled, will 
     help reduce sediment loadings, nutrient loadings, and harmful 
     algal blooms, as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(C) Acreage.--
       ``(i) In general.--Of the acres maintained in the 
     conservation reserve in accordance with paragraph (1), to the 
     maximum extent practicable, not less than 40 percent of acres 
     enrolled in the conservation reserve using continuous 
     enrollment under paragraph (6) shall be of land described in 
     subsection (b)(4).
       ``(ii) Limitation.--The acres described in clause (i) shall 
     not include grasslands described in subsection (b)(3).
       ``(D) Report.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(i) in the monthly publication of the Secretary 
     describing conservation reserve program statistics, include a 
     description of enrollments through the priority under this 
     paragraph; and
       ``(ii) publish on the website of the Farm Service Agency an 
     annual report describing a summary of, with respect to the 
     enrollment priority under this paragraph--

       ``(I) new enrollments;
       ``(II) expirations;
       ``(III) geographic distribution; and
       ``(IV) estimated water quality benefits.

       ``(4) State enrollment rates.--At the beginning of each of 
     fiscal years 2019 through 2023, to the maximum extent 
     practicable, the Secretary shall allocate to the States 
     proportionately 60 percent of the available number of acres 
     each year for enrollment in the conservation reserve, in 
     accordance with historical State enrollment rates, taking 
     into consideration--
       ``(A) the average number of acres of all land enrolled in 
     the conservation reserve in each State during each of fiscal 
     years 2007 through 2016;
       ``(B) the average number of acres of all land enrolled in 
     the conservation reserve nationally during each of fiscal 
     years 2007 through 2016; and
       ``(C) the acres available for enrollment during each of 
     fiscal years 2019 through 2023, excluding acres described in 
     paragraph (2).
       ``(5) Frequency.--In carrying out this subchapter, for 
     contracts that are not available on a continuous enrollment 
     basis, the Secretary shall hold a signup and enrollment not 
     less often than once each year.
       ``(6) Continuous enrollment procedure.--
       ``(A) In general.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
     Secretary shall allow producers to submit applications on a 
     continuous basis for enrollment in--
       ``(i) the conservation reserve of--

       ``(I) marginal pasture land described in subsection (b)(2);
       ``(II) land described in subsection (b)(4); and
       ``(III) cropland described in subsection (b)(5); and

       ``(ii) the conservation reserve enhancement program under 
     section 1231A.
       ``(B) Limitation.--For purposes of applying the limitations 
     in paragraph (1)--
       ``(i) the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
     practicable, enroll and maintain not fewer than 8,600,000 
     acres of land under subparagraph (A) by September 30, 2023; 
     and
       ``(ii) in carrying out clause (i), to the maximum extent 
     practicable, the Secretary shall maintain in the conservation 
     reserve at any one time during--

       ``(I) fiscal year 2019, 8,000,000 acres;
       ``(II) fiscal year 2020, 8,250,000 acres;
       ``(III) fiscal year 2021, 8,500,000 acres; and
       ``(IV) fiscal years 2022 and 2023, 8,600,000 acres.''.

       (d) Eligibility for Consideration.--Section 1231(h) of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(h)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``On the expiration'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) In general.--On the expiration''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Reenrollment limitation for certain land.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     land subject to a contract entered into under this subchapter 
     shall be eligible for only one reenrollment in the 
     conservation reserve under paragraph (1) if the land is 
     devoted to hardwood trees.
       ``(B) Exclusions.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to--
       ``(i) riparian forested buffers;
       ``(ii) forested wetlands enrolled under subsection (d)(3) 
     or the conservation reserve enhancement program under section 
     1231A; and
       ``(iii) shelterbelts.''.

     SEC. 2202. CONSERVATION RESERVE ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of 
     title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 is amended by 
     inserting after section 1231 (16 U.S.C. 3831) the following:

     ``SEC. 1231A. CONSERVATION RESERVE ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) CREP.--The term `CREP' means a conservation reserve 
     enhancement program carried out under subsection (b)(1).
       ``(2) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' means land 
     that is eligible to be included in the program established 
     under this subchapter.
       ``(3) Eligible partner.--The term `eligible partner' 
     means--
       ``(A) a State;
       ``(B) a political subdivision of a State;
       ``(C) an Indian tribe (as defined in section 4 of the 
     Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
     U.S.C. 5304)); or
       ``(D) a nongovernmental organization.
       ``(4) Management.--The term `management' means an activity 
     conducted by an owner or operator under a contract entered 
     into under this subchapter after the establishment of a 
     conservation practice on eligible land, to regularly maintain 
     or enhance the vegetative cover established by the 
     conservation practice--
       ``(A) throughout the term of the contract; and
       ``(B) consistent with the conservation plan that covers the 
     eligible land.
       ``(b) Agreements.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may enter into an 
     agreement with an eligible partner to carry out a 
     conservation reserve enhancement program--
       ``(A) to assist in enrolling eligible land in the program 
     established under this subchapter; and
       ``(B) that the Secretary determines will advance the 
     purposes of this subchapter.
       ``(2) Contents.--An agreement entered into under paragraph 
     (1) shall--
       ``(A) describe--
       ``(i) 1 or more specific State or nationally significant 
     conservation concerns to be addressed by the agreement;
       ``(ii) quantifiable environmental goals for addressing the 
     concerns under clause (i);
       ``(iii) a suitable acreage goal for enrollment of eligible 
     land under the agreement, as determined by the Secretary;
       ``(iv) the location of eligible land to be enrolled in the 
     project area identified under the agreement;
       ``(v) the payments to be offered by the Secretary and 
     eligible partner to an owner or operator; and
       ``(vi) an appropriate list of conservation reserve program 
     conservation practices that are appropriate to meeting the 
     concerns described

[[Page H9836]]

     under clause (i), as determined by the Secretary in 
     consultation with eligible partners;
       ``(B) subject to subparagraph (C), require the eligible 
     partner to provide matching funds--
       ``(i) in an amount determined during a negotiation between 
     the Secretary and 1 or more eligible partners, if the 
     majority of the matching funds to carry out the agreement are 
     provided by 1 or more eligible partners that are not 
     nongovernmental organizations; or
       ``(ii) in an amount not less than 30 percent of the cost 
     required to carry out the conservation measures and practices 
     described in the agreement, if a majority of the matching 
     funds to carry out the agreement are provided by 1 or more 
     nongovernmental organizations; and
       ``(C) include procedures to allow for a temporary waiver of 
     the matching requirements under subparagraph (B), or 
     continued enrollment with a temporary suspension of 
     incentives or eligible partner contributions for new 
     agreements, during a period when an eligible partner loses 
     the authority or ability to provide matching contributions, 
     if the Secretary determines that the temporary waiver or 
     continued enrollment with a temporary suspension will advance 
     the purposes of this subchapter.
       ``(3) Effect on existing agreements.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), an 
     agreement under this subsection shall not affect, modify, or 
     interfere with existing agreements under this subchapter.
       ``(B) Modification of existing agreements.--To implement 
     this section, the signatories to an agreement under this 
     subsection may mutually agree to a modification of an 
     agreement entered into before the date of enactment of this 
     section under the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program 
     established by the Secretary under this subchapter.
       ``(c) Payments.--
       ``(1) Matching requirement.--Funds provided by an eligible 
     partner may be in cash, in-kind contributions, or technical 
     assistance, as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(2) Marginal pastureland cost-share payments.--The 
     Secretary shall ensure that cost-share payments to an owner 
     or operator to install stream fencing, crossings, and 
     alternative water development on marginal pastureland under a 
     CREP reflect the fair market value of the cost of 
     installation.
       ``(3) Cost-share and practice incentive payments.--
       ``(A) In general.--On request of an owner or operator, the 
     Secretary shall provide cost-share payments when a major 
     component of a conservation practice is completed under a 
     CREP, as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(B) Exemption.--For purposes of implementing conservation 
     practices on land enrolled under a CREP, the Secretary may 
     waive the contribution limitation described in section 
     1234(b)(2)(A).
       ``(4) Riparian buffer management payments.--
       ``(A) In general.--In the case of an agreement under 
     subsection (b)(1) that includes riparian buffers as an 
     eligible practice, the Secretary shall make cost-share 
     payments to encourage the regular management of the riparian 
     buffer throughout the term of the agreement, consistent with 
     the conservation plan that covers the eligible land.
       ``(B) Limitation.--The amount of payments received by an 
     owner or operator under subparagraph (A) shall not be greater 
     than 100 percent of the normal and customary projected 
     management cost, as determined by the Secretary, in 
     consultation with the applicable State technical committee 
     established under section 1261(a).
       ``(d) Forested Riparian Buffer Practice.--
       ``(1) Food-producing woody plants.--In the case of an 
     agreement under subsection (b)(1) that includes forested 
     riparian buffers as an eligible practice, the Secretary shall 
     allow an owner or operator--
       ``(A) to plant food-producing woody plants in the forested 
     riparian buffers, on the conditions that--
       ``(i) the plants shall contribute to the conservation of 
     soil, water quality, and wildlife habitat; and
       ``(ii) the planting shall be consistent with--

       ``(I) recommendations of the applicable State technical 
     committee established under section 1261(a); and
       ``(II) technical guide standards of the applicable field 
     office of the Natural Resources Conservation Service; and

       ``(B) to harvest from plants described in subparagraph (A), 
     on the conditions that--
       ``(i) the harvesting shall not damage the conserving cover 
     or otherwise have a negative impact on the conservation 
     concerns targeted by the CREP;
       ``(ii) only native plant species appropriate to the region 
     shall be used within 35 feet of the watercourse; and
       ``(iii) the producer shall be subject to a reduction in the 
     rental rate commensurate to the value of the crop harvested.
       ``(2) Technical assistance.--For the purpose of enrolling 
     forested riparian buffers in a CREP, the Administrator of the 
     Farm Service Agency shall coordinate with the applicable 
     State forestry agency.
       ``(e) Drought and Water Conservation Agreements.--In the 
     case of an agreement under subsection (b)(1) to address 
     regional drought concerns, in accordance with the 
     conservation purposes of the CREP, the Secretary, in 
     consultation with the applicable State technical committee 
     established under section 1261(a), may--
       ``(1) notwithstanding subsection (a)(2), enroll other 
     agricultural land on which the resource concerns identified 
     in the agreement can be addressed if the enrollment of the 
     land is critical to the accomplishment of the purposes of the 
     agreement;
       ``(2) permit dryland agricultural uses with the adoption of 
     best management practices on enrolled land if the agreement 
     involves the significant long-term reduction of consumptive 
     water use and dryland production is compatible with the 
     agreement; and
       ``(3) calculate annual rental payments consistent with 
     existing administrative practice for similar drought and 
     water conservation agreements under this subtitle and ensure 
     regional consistency in those rates.
       ``(f) Status Report.--Not later than 180 days after the end 
     of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
     report that describes, with respect to each agreement entered 
     into under subsection (b)(1)--
       ``(1) the status of the agreement;
       ``(2) the purposes and objectives of the agreement;
       ``(3) the Federal and eligible partner commitments made 
     under the agreement; and
       ``(4) the progress made in fulfilling those commitments.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section 1240R(c)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
     (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5(c)(3)) is amended by striking ``a special 
     conservation reserve enhancement program described in section 
     1234(f)(4)'' and inserting ``a conservation reserve 
     enhancement program under section 1231A''.
       (2) Section 1244(f)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3844(f)(3)) is amended by striking ``subsection 
     (d)(2)(A)(ii) or (g)(2) of section 1234'' and inserting 
     ``section 1231A''.

     SEC. 2203. FARMABLE WETLAND PROGRAM.

       Section 1231B of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3831b) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''; and
       (2) in subsection (f)(2), by striking ``1234(d)(2)(A)(ii)'' 
     and inserting ``1234(d)''.

     SEC. 2204. PILOT PROGRAMS.

       Subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 is amended by inserting after 
     section 1231B (16 U.S.C. 3831b) the following:

     ``SEC. 1231C. PILOT PROGRAMS.

       ``(a) CLEAR 30.--
       ``(1) In general.--
       ``(A) Enrollment.--The Secretary shall establish a pilot 
     program to enroll land in the conservation reserve program 
     through a 30-year conservation reserve contract (referred to 
     in this subsection as a `CLEAR 30 contract') in accordance 
     with this subsection.
       ``(B) Inclusion of acreage limitation.--For purposes of 
     applying the limitations in section 1231(d)(1), the Secretary 
     shall include acres of land enrolled under this subsection.
       ``(2) Expired conservation contract election.--
       ``(A) Definition of covered contract.--In this paragraph, 
     the term `covered contract' means a contract entered into 
     under this subchapter that--
       ``(i) expires on or after the date of enactment of the 
     Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018; and
       ``(ii) covers land enrolled in the conservation reserve 
     program under the clean lakes, estuaries, and rivers priority 
     described in section 1231(d)(3) (or the predecessor practices 
     that constitute the priority, as determined by the 
     Secretary).
       ``(B) Election.--On the expiration of a covered contract, 
     an owner or operator party to the covered contract shall 
     elect--
       ``(i) not to reenroll the land under the contract;
       ``(ii) to offer to reenroll the land under the contract if 
     the land remains eligible under the terms in effect as of the 
     date of expiration; or
       ``(iii) not to reenroll the land under the contract and to 
     enroll that land through a CLEAR 30 contract under this 
     subsection.
       ``(3) Eligible land.--Only land that is subject to an 
     expired covered contract shall be eligible for enrollment 
     through a CLEAR 30 contract under this subsection.
       ``(4) Term.--The term of a CLEAR 30 contract shall be 30 
     years.
       ``(5) Agreements.--To be eligible to enroll land in the 
     conservation reserve program through a CLEAR 30 contract, the 
     owner of the land shall enter into an agreement with the 
     Secretary--
       ``(A) to implement a conservation reserve plan developed 
     for the land;
       ``(B) to comply with the terms and conditions of the 
     contract and any related agreements; and
       ``(C) to temporarily suspend the base history for the land 
     covered by the contract.
       ``(6) Terms and conditions of clear 30 contracts.--
       ``(A) In general.--A CLEAR 30 contract shall include terms 
     and conditions that--
       ``(i) permit--

       ``(I) repairs, improvements, and inspections on the land 
     that are necessary to maintain existing public drainage 
     systems; and
       ``(II) owners to control public access on the land while 
     identifying access routes to be used for restoration 
     activities and management and contract monitoring;

       ``(ii) prohibit--

       ``(I) the alteration of wildlife habitat and other natural 
     features of the land, unless specifically authorized by the 
     Secretary as part of the conservation reserve plan;
       ``(II) the spraying of the land with chemicals or the 
     mowing of the land, except where the spraying or mowing is 
     authorized by the Secretary or is necessary--

       ``(aa) to comply with Federal or State noxious weed control 
     laws;
       ``(bb) to comply with a Federal or State emergency pest 
     treatment program; or
       ``(cc) to meet habitat needs of specific wildlife species;

       ``(III) any activity to be carried out on the land of the 
     owner or successor that is immediately adjacent to, and 
     functionally related to,

[[Page H9837]]

     the land that is subject to the contract if the activity will 
     alter, degrade, or otherwise diminish the functional value of 
     the land; and
       ``(IV) the adoption of any other practice that would tend 
     to defeat the purposes of the conservation reserve program, 
     as determined by the Secretary; and

       ``(iii) include any additional provision that the Secretary 
     determines is appropriate to carry out this section or 
     facilitate the practical administration of this section.
       ``(B) Violation.--On the violation of a term or condition 
     of a CLEAR 30 contract, the Secretary may require the owner 
     to refund all or part of any payments received by the owner 
     under the conservation reserve program, with interest on the 
     payments, as determined appropriate by the Secretary.
       ``(C) Compatible uses.--Land subject to a CLEAR 30 contract 
     may be used for compatible economic uses, including hunting 
     and fishing, managed timber harvest, or periodic haying or 
     grazing, if the use--
       ``(i) is specifically permitted by the conservation reserve 
     plan developed for the land; and
       ``(ii) is consistent with the long-term protection and 
     enhancement of the conservation resources for which the 
     contract was established.
       ``(7) Compensation.--
       ``(A) Amount of payments.--The Secretary shall provide 
     payment under this subsection to an owner of land enrolled 
     through a CLEAR 30 contract using 30 annual payments in an 
     amount equal to the amount that would be used if the land 
     were to be enrolled in the conservation reserve program under 
     section 1231(d)(3).
       ``(B) Form of payment.--Compensation for a CLEAR 30 
     contract shall be provided by the Secretary in the form of a 
     cash payment in an amount determined under subparagraph (A).
       ``(C) Timing.--The Secretary shall provide any annual 
     payment obligation under subparagraph (A) as early as 
     practicable in each fiscal year.
       ``(D) Payments to others.--The Secretary shall make a 
     payment, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary, in a manner as the Secretary determines is fair 
     and reasonable under the circumstances, if an owner who is 
     entitled to a payment under this section--
       ``(i) dies;
       ``(ii) becomes incompetent;
       ``(iii) is succeeded by another person or entity who 
     renders or completes the required performance; or
       ``(iv) is otherwise unable to receive the payment.
       ``(8) Technical assistance.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall assist owners in 
     complying with the terms and conditions of a CLEAR 30 
     contract.
       ``(B) Contracts or agreements.--The Secretary may enter 
     into 1 or more contracts with private entities or agreements 
     with a State, nongovernmental organization, or Indian Tribe 
     to carry out necessary maintenance of a CLEAR 30 contract if 
     the Secretary determines that the contract or agreement will 
     advance the purposes of the conservation reserve program.
       ``(9) Administration.--
       ``(A) Conservation reserve plan.--The Secretary shall 
     develop a conservation reserve plan for any land subject to a 
     CLEAR 30 contract, which shall include practices and 
     activities necessary to maintain, protect, and enhance the 
     conservation value of the enrolled land.
       ``(B) Delegation of contract administration.--
       ``(i) Federal, state, or local government agencies.--The 
     Secretary may delegate any of the management, monitoring, and 
     enforcement responsibilities of the Secretary under this 
     subsection to other Federal, State, or local government 
     agencies that have the appropriate authority, expertise, and 
     resources necessary to carry out those delegated 
     responsibilities.
       ``(ii) Conservation organizations.--The Secretary may 
     delegate any management responsibilities of the Secretary 
     under this subsection to conservation organizations if the 
     Secretary determines the conservation organization has 
     similar expertise and resources.
       ``(b) Soil Health and Income Protection Pilot Program.--
       ``(1) Definition of eligible land.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible land' means cropland 
     that--
       ``(i) is selected by the owner or operator of the land for 
     proposed enrollment in the pilot program under this 
     subsection; and
       ``(ii) as determined by the Secretary--

       ``(I) is located within 1 or more States that are part of 
     the prairie pothole region, as selected by the Secretary 
     based on consultation with State Committees of the Farm 
     Service Agency and State technical committees established 
     under section 1261(a) from that region;
       ``(II) had a cropping history or was considered to be 
     planted during each of the 3 crop years preceding enrollment; 
     and
       ``(III) is verified to be less-productive land, as compared 
     to other land on the applicable farm.

       ``(B) Exclusion.--The term `eligible land' does not include 
     any land that was enrolled in a conservation reserve program 
     contract in any of the 3 crop years preceding enrollment in 
     the pilot program under this subsection.
       ``(2) Establishment.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
     voluntary soil health and income protection pilot program 
     under which eligible land is enrolled through the use of 
     contracts to assist owners and operators of eligible land to 
     conserve and improve the soil, water, and wildlife resources 
     of the eligible land.
       ``(B) Deadline for participation.--Eligible land may be 
     enrolled in the program under this section through December 
     31, 2020.
       ``(3) Contracts.--
       ``(A) Requirements.--A contract described in paragraph (2) 
     shall--
       ``(i) be entered into by the Secretary, the owner of the 
     eligible land, and (if applicable) the operator of the 
     eligible land; and
       ``(ii) provide that, during the term of the contract--

       ``(I) the lowest practicable cost perennial conserving use 
     cover crop for the eligible land, as determined by the 
     applicable State conservationist after considering the advice 
     of the applicable State technical committee, shall be planted 
     on the eligible land;
       ``(II) except as provided in subparagraph (E), the owner or 
     operator of the eligible land shall pay the cost of planting 
     the conserving use cover crop under subclause (I);
       ``(III) subject to subparagraph (F), the eligible land may 
     be harvested for seed, hayed, or grazed outside the primary 
     nesting season established for the applicable county;
       ``(IV) the eligible land may be eligible for a walk-in 
     access program of the applicable State, if any; and
       ``(V) a nonprofit wildlife organization may provide to the 
     owner or operator of the eligible land a payment in exchange 
     for an agreement by the owner or operator not to harvest the 
     conserving use cover.

       ``(B) Payments.--Except as provided in subparagraphs (E) 
     and (F)(ii)(II), the annual rental rate for a payment under a 
     contract described in paragraph (2) shall be equal to 50 
     percent of the average rental rate for the applicable county 
     under section 1234(d), as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(C) Limitation on enrolled land.--Not more than 15 
     percent of the eligible land on a farm may be enrolled in the 
     pilot program under this subsection.
       ``(D) Term.--
       ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), each 
     contract described in paragraph (2) shall be for a term of 3, 
     4, or 5 years, as determined by the parties to the contract.
       ``(ii) Early termination.--

       ``(I) Secretary.--The Secretary may terminate a contract 
     described in paragraph (2) before the end of the term 
     described in clause (i) if the Secretary determines that the 
     early termination of the contract is necessary.
       ``(II) Owners and operators.--An owner and (if applicable) 
     an operator of eligible land enrolled in the pilot program 
     under this subsection may terminate a contract described in 
     paragraph (2) before the end of the term described in clause 
     (i) if the owner and (if applicable) the operator pay to the 
     Secretary an amount equal to the amount of rental payments 
     received under the contract.

       ``(E) Beginning, limited resource, socially disadvantaged, 
     or veteran farmers and ranchers.--With respect to a 
     beginning, limited resource, socially disadvantaged, or 
     veteran farmer or rancher, as determined by the Secretary--
       ``(i) a contract described in paragraph (2) shall provide 
     that, during the term of the contract, of the actual cost of 
     establishment of the conserving use cover crop under 
     subparagraph (A)(ii)(I)--

       ``(I) using the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
     the Secretary shall pay 50 percent; and
       ``(II) the beginning, limited resource, socially 
     disadvantaged, or veteran farmer or rancher shall pay 50 
     percent; and

       ``(ii) the annual rental rate for a payment under a 
     contract described in paragraph (2) shall be equal to 75 
     percent of the average rental rate for the applicable county 
     under section 1234(d), as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(F) Harvesting, haying, and grazing outside applicable 
     period.--The harvesting for seed, haying, or grazing of 
     eligible land under subparagraph (A)(ii)(III) outside of the 
     primary nesting season established for the applicable county 
     shall be subject to the conditions that--
       ``(i) with respect to eligible land that is so hayed or 
     grazed, adequate stubble height shall be maintained to 
     protect the soil on the eligible land, as determined by the 
     applicable State conservationist after considering the advice 
     of the applicable State technical committee; and
       ``(ii) with respect to eligible land that is so harvested 
     for seed--

       ``(I) the eligible land shall not be eligible to be insured 
     or reinsured under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
     1501 et seq.); and
       ``(II) the rental payment otherwise applicable to the 
     eligible land under this subsection shall be reduced by 25 
     percent.

       ``(4) Acreage limitation.--Of the number of acres available 
     for enrollment in the conservation reserve under section 
     1231(d)(1), not more than 50,000 total acres of eligible land 
     may be enrolled under the pilot program under this 
     subsection.
       ``(5) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
     on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
     Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
     Senate an annual report describing the eligible land enrolled 
     in the pilot program under this subsection, including--
       ``(A) the estimated conservation value of the land; and
       ``(B) estimated savings from reduced commodity payments, 
     crop insurance indemnities, and crop insurance premium 
     subsidies.''.

     SEC. 2205. DUTIES OF OWNERS AND OPERATORS.

       Section 1232(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3832(a)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (10) and (11) as paragraphs 
     (11) and (12), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:
       ``(10) on land devoted to hardwood or other trees, 
     excluding windbreaks and shelterbelts, to carry out proper 
     thinning and other practices--
       ``(A) to enhance the conservation benefits and wildlife 
     habitat resources addressed by the conservation practice 
     under which the land is enrolled; and

[[Page H9838]]

       ``(B) to promote forest management;''.

     SEC. 2206. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

       (a) Cost-Share and Rental Payments.--Section 1233(a) of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833(a)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including the cost 
     of fencing and other water distribution practices, if 
     applicable'' after ``interest''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``in an amount necessary to compensate'' and inserting ``, in 
     accordance with section 1234(d),'';
       (B) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by inserting ``, marginal pastureland,'' after 
     ``cropland''; and
       (ii) by adding ``or'' at the end;
       (C) by striking subparagraph (B); and
       (D) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B).
       (b) Specified Activities Permitted.--Section 1233 of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833) is amended by 
     striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
       ``(b) Specified Activities Permitted.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in coordination with the 
     applicable State technical committee established under 
     section 1261(a), shall permit certain activities or 
     commercial uses of established cover on land that is subject 
     to a contract under the conservation reserve program if--
       ``(A) those activities or uses--
       ``(i) are consistent with the conservation of soil, water 
     quality, and wildlife habitat;
       ``(ii) are subject to appropriate restrictions during the 
     primary nesting season for birds in the local area that are 
     economically significant, in significant decline, or 
     conserved in accordance with Federal or State law;
       ``(iii) contribute to the health and vigor of the 
     established cover; and
       ``(iv) are consistent with a site-specific plan, including 
     vegetative management requirements, stocking rates, and 
     frequency and duration of activity, taking into consideration 
     regional differences, such as climate, soil type, and natural 
     resources; and
       ``(B) the Secretary, in coordination with the State 
     technical committee, includes contract modifications--
       ``(i) without any reduction in the rental rate for--

       ``(I) emergency haying, emergency grazing, or other 
     emergency use of the forage in response to a localized or 
     regional drought, flooding, wildfire, or other emergency, on 
     all practices, outside the primary nesting season, when--

       ``(aa) the county is designated as D2 (severe drought) or 
     greater according to the United States Drought Monitor;
       ``(bb) there is at least a 40 percent loss in forage 
     production in the county; or
       ``(cc) the Secretary, in coordination with the State 
     technical committee, determines that the program can assist 
     in the response to a natural disaster event without permanent 
     damage to the established cover;

       ``(II) emergency grazing on all practices during the 
     primary nesting season if payments are authorized for a 
     county under the livestock forage disaster program under 
     clause (ii) of section 1501(c)(3)(D) of the Agricultural Act 
     of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(c)(3)(D)), at 50 percent of the normal 
     carrying capacity determined under clause (i) of that 
     section, adjusted to the site-specific plan;
       ``(III) emergency haying on certain practices, outside the 
     primary nesting season, if payments are authorized for a 
     county under the livestock forage disaster program under 
     clause (ii) of section 1501(c)(3)(D) of the Agricultural Act 
     of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(c)(3)(D)), on not more than 50 percent 
     of contract acres, as identified in the site-specific plan;
       ``(IV) grazing of all practices, outside the primary 
     nesting season, if included as a mid-contract management 
     practice under section 1232(a)(5);
       ``(V) the intermittent and seasonal use of vegetative 
     buffer established under paragraphs (4) and (5) of section 
     1231(b) that are incidental to agricultural production on 
     land adjacent to the buffer such that the permitted use--

       ``(aa) does not destroy the permanent vegetative cover; and
       ``(bb) retains suitable vegetative structure for wildlife 
     cover and shelter outside the primary nesting season; or

       ``(VI) grazing on all practices, outside the primary 
     nesting season, if conducted by a beginning farmer or 
     rancher; or

       ``(ii) with a 25 percent reduction in the annual rental 
     rate for the acres covered by the authorized activity, 
     including--

       ``(I) grazing not more frequently than every other year on 
     the same land, except that during the primary nesting season, 
     grazing shall be subject to a 50 percent reduction in the 
     stocking rate specified in the site-specific plan;
       ``(II) grazing of all practices during the primary nesting 
     season, with a 50 percent reduction in the stocking rate 
     specified in the site-specific plan;
       ``(III) haying and other commercial use (including the 
     managed harvesting of biomass and excluding the harvesting of 
     vegetative cover), on the condition that the activity--

       ``(aa) is completed outside the primary nesting season;
       ``(bb) occurs not more than once every 3 years; and
       ``(cc) maintains 25 percent of the total contract acres 
     unharvested, in accordance with a site-specific plan that 
     provides for wildlife cover and shelter;

       ``(IV) annual grazing outside the primary nesting season if 
     consistent with a site-specific plan that is authorized for 
     the control of invasive species; and
       ``(V) the installation of wind turbines and associated 
     access, except that in permitting the installation of wind 
     turbines, the Secretary shall determine the number and 
     location of wind turbines that may be installed, taking into 
     account--

       ``(aa) the location, size, and other physical 
     characteristics of the land;
       ``(bb) the extent to which the land contains threatened or 
     endangered wildlife and wildlife habitat; and
       ``(cc) the purposes of the conservation reserve program 
     under this subchapter.
       ``(2) Conditions on haying and grazing.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may permit haying or 
     grazing in accordance with paragraph (1) on any land or 
     practice subject to a contract under the conservation reserve 
     program.
       ``(B) Exceptions.--
       ``(i) Damage to vegetative cover.--Haying or grazing 
     described in paragraph (1) shall not be permitted on land 
     subject to a contract under the conservation reserve program, 
     or under a particular practice, if haying or grazing for that 
     year under that practice, as applicable, would cause long-
     term damage to vegetative cover on that land.
       ``(ii) Special agreements.--

       ``(I) In general.--Except as provided in subclause (II), 
     haying or grazing described in paragraph (1) shall not be 
     permitted on--

       ``(aa) land covered by a contract enrolled under the State 
     acres for wildlife enhancement program established by the 
     Secretary; or
       ``(bb) land covered by a contract enrolled under a 
     conservation reserve enhancement program established under 
     section 1231A or the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program 
     established by the Secretary under this subchapter.

       ``(II) Exception.--Subclause (I) shall not apply to land on 
     which haying or grazing is specifically permitted under the 
     applicable conservation reserve enhancement program agreement 
     or other partnership agreement entered into under this 
     subchapter.''.

       (c) Natural Disaster or Adverse Weather as Mid-contract 
     Management.--Section 1233 of the Food Security Act of 1985 
     (16 U.S.C. 3833) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(e) Natural Disaster or Adverse Weather as Mid-contract 
     Management.--In the case of a natural disaster or adverse 
     weather event that has the effect of a management practice 
     consistent with the conservation plan, the Secretary shall 
     not require further management practices pursuant to section 
     1232(a)(5) that are intended to achieve the same effect.''.

     SEC. 2207. PAYMENTS.

       (a) Cost Sharing Payments.--Section 1234(b) of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(b)) is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraphs (2) through (4) and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(2) Limitations.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure, to the 
     maximum extent practicable, that cost sharing payments to an 
     owner or operator under this subchapter, when combined with 
     the sum of payments from all other funding sources for 
     measures and practices described in paragraph (1), do not 
     exceed 100 percent of the total actual cost of establishing 
     those measures and practices, as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(B) Mid-contract management grazing.--The Secretary may 
     not make any cost sharing payment to an owner or operator 
     under this subchapter pursuant to section 1232(a)(5).
       ``(C) Seed cost.--In the case of seed costs related to the 
     establishment of cover, cost sharing payments under this 
     subchapter shall not exceed 50 percent of the actual cost of 
     the seed mixture, as determined by the Secretary.'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (3);
       (3) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated), by striking ``An 
     owner'' and inserting ``Except in the case of incentive 
     payments that are related to the cost of the establishment of 
     a practice and received from eligible partners under the 
     conservation reserve enhancement program under section 1231A, 
     an owner''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Practice incentives for continuous practices.--In 
     addition to the cost sharing payment described in this 
     subsection, the Secretary shall make an incentive payment to 
     an owner or operator of land enrolled under section 
     1231(d)(6) in an amount not to exceed 50 percent of the 
     actual cost of establishing all measures and practices 
     described in paragraph (1), including seed costs related to 
     the establishment of cover, as determined by the 
     Secretary.''.
       (b) Incentive Payments.--Section 1234(c) of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(c)) is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Incentive'' 
     and inserting ``Forest Management Incentive'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
     inserting ``Using funds made available under section 
     1241(a)(1)(A), the Secretary''; and
       (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``150 percent'' and 
     inserting ``100 percent''.
       (c) Annual Rental Payments.--Section 1234(d) of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(d)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``the Secretary may consider, among other 
     things, the amount'' and inserting the following: ``the 
     Secretary shall consider--
       ``(A) the amount'';
       (B) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated), by striking the 
     period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) the impact on the local farmland rental market; and
       ``(C) such other factors as the Secretary determines to be 
     appropriate.'';

[[Page H9839]]

       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) in clause (i), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
     period;
       (ii) by striking clause (ii); and
       (iii) by striking ``determined through--'' in the matter 
     preceding clause (i) and all that follows through ``the 
     submission of bids'' in clause (i) and inserting ``determined 
     through the submission of applications'';
       (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C);
       (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
       ``(B) Multiple enrollments.--
       ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), if land subject 
     to a contract entered into under this subchapter is 
     reenrolled under section 1231(h)(1) or has been previously 
     enrolled in the conservation reserve, the annual rental 
     payment shall be in an amount that is not more than 85 
     percent in the case of general enrollment contacts, or 90 
     percent in the case of continuous enrollment contracts, of 
     the applicable estimated average county rental rate published 
     pursuant to paragraph (4) for the year in which the 
     reenrollment occurs.
       ``(ii) Conservation reserve enhancement program.--The 
     reduction in annual rental payments under clause (i) may be 
     waived as part of the negotiation between the Secretary and 
     an eligible partner to enter into a conservation reserve 
     enhancement program agreement under section 1231A.'';
       (D) in subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``In the case'' and inserting ``Notwithstanding subparagraph 
     (A), in the case''; and
       (E) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) Continuous sign-up incentives.--The Secretary shall 
     make an incentive payment to the owner or operator of land 
     enrolled under section 1231(d)(6) at the time of initial 
     enrollment in an amount equal to 32.5 percent of the amount 
     of the first annual rental payment under subparagraph (A).'';
       (3) by striking paragraph (4);
       (4) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4); and
       (5) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by striking ``, not less frequently than once every 
     other year,'' and inserting ``annually''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``, and shall publish the estimates 
     derived from the survey not later than September 15 of each 
     year'' before the period at the end;
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``and the average 
     current and previous soil rental rates for each county'' 
     after ``subparagraph (A)'';
       (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``may use'' and 
     inserting ``shall consider''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) Submission of additional information by state fsa 
     offices and crep partners.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall provide an 
     opportunity for State Committees of the Farm Service Agency 
     or eligible partners (as defined in section 1231A(a)) in 
     conservation reserve enhancement programs under section 1231A 
     to propose an alternative soil rental rate prior to 
     finalizing new rates, on the condition that documentation 
     described in clause (ii) is provided to support the proposed 
     alternative.
       ``(ii) Acceptable documentation.--Documentation referred to 
     in clause (i) includes--

       ``(I) an average of cash rents from a random sample of 
     lease agreements;
       ``(II) cash rent estimates from a published survey;
       ``(III) neighboring county estimate comparisons from the 
     National Agricultural Statistics Service;
       ``(IV) an average of cash rents from Farm Service Agency 
     farm business plans;
       ``(V) models that estimate cash rents, such as models that 
     use returns to estimate crop production or land value data; 
     or
       ``(VI) other documentation, as determined by the Secretary.

       ``(iii) Notification.--Not less than 14 days prior to the 
     announcement of new or revised soil rental rates, the 
     Secretary shall offer a briefing to the Chairman and Ranking 
     Member of the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives and the Chairman and Ranking Member of the 
     Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
     Senate, including information on and the rationale for the 
     alternative rates proposed under clause (i) that were 
     accepted or rejected.
       ``(E) Rental rate limitation.--Notwithstanding forest 
     management incentive payments described in subsection (c), 
     the county average soil rental rate (before any adjustments 
     relating to specific practices, wellhead protection, or soil 
     productivity) shall not exceed--
       ``(i) 85 percent of the estimated rental rate determined 
     under this paragraph for general enrollment; or
       ``(ii) 90 percent of the estimated rental rate determined 
     under this paragraph for continuous enrollment.''.
       (d) Payment Limitation for Rental Payments.--Section 
     1234(g) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(g)) 
     is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The total'' and 
     inserting ``Except as provided in paragraph (2), the total''; 
     and
       (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
       ``(2) Wellhead protection.--Paragraph (1) and section 
     1001D(b) shall not apply to rental payments received by a 
     rural water district or association for land that is enrolled 
     under this subchapter for the purpose of protecting a 
     wellhead.''.

     SEC. 2208. CONTRACTS.

       (a) Transition Option for Certain Farmers or Ranchers.--
     Section 1235(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3835(f)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``retired farmer or rancher'' and inserting ``contract 
     holder'';
       (B) by striking ``retired or retiring owner or operator'' 
     each place it appears and inserting ``contract holder'';
       (C) in subparagraph (A), in the matter preceding clause 
     (i), by striking ``1 year'' and inserting ``2 years'';
       (D) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, including a lease 
     with a term of less than 5 years and an option to purchase'' 
     after ``option to purchase'';
       (E) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``; and'' and 
     inserting a semicolon;
       (F) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F); 
     and
       (G) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
       ``(E) give priority to the enrollment of the land covered 
     by the contract in--
       ``(i) the environmental quality incentives program 
     established under subchapter A of chapter 4;
       ``(ii) the conservation stewardship program established 
     under subchapter B of chapter 4; or
       ``(iii) the agricultural conservation easement program 
     established under subtitle H; and''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``To the extent that the 
     maximum number of acres permitted to be enrolled under the 
     conservation reserve program has not been met, the 
     Secretary''; and
       (B) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A)(i) is carried out on land described in paragraph (4) 
     or (5) of section 1231(b); and
       ``(ii) is eligible for continuous enrollment under section 
     1231(d)(6); and''.
       (b) End of Contract Considerations.--Section 1235(g) of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(g)) is amended to 
     read as follows:
       ``(g) End of Contract Considerations.--The Secretary shall 
     not consider an owner or operator to be in violation of a 
     term or condition of the conservation reserve contract if--
       ``(1) during the year prior to expiration of the contract, 
     the owner or operator--
       ``(A)(i) enters into a contract under the environmental 
     quality incentives program established under subchapter A of 
     chapter 4; and
       ``(ii) begins the establishment of a practice under that 
     contract; or
       ``(B)(i) enters into a contract under the conservation 
     stewardship program established under subchapter B of chapter 
     4; and
       ``(ii) begins the establishment of a practice under that 
     contract; or
       ``(2) during the 3 years prior to the expiration of the 
     contract, the owner or operator begins the certification 
     process under the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 
     U.S.C. 6501 et seq.).''.

     SEC. 2209. ELIGIBLE LAND; STATE LAW REQUIREMENTS.

       The Secretary shall revise paragraph (4) of section 
     1410.6(d) of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations, to provide 
     that land enrolled under a Conservation Reserve Enhancement 
     Program agreement initially established before January 1, 
     2014 (including an amended or successor Conservation Reserve 
     Enhancement Program agreement, as determined by the 
     Secretary), shall not be ineligible for enrollment in the 
     conservation reserve program established under subchapter B 
     of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security 
     Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) under that paragraph if 
     the Deputy Administrator (as defined in section 1410.2(b) of 
     title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
     regulations)), on recommendation from and in consultation 
     with the applicable State technical committee established 
     under section 1261(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3861(a)) determines, under such terms and conditions 
     as the Deputy Administrator, in consultation with the State 
     technical committee, determines to be appropriate, that 
     making that land eligible for enrollment in that program is 
     not contrary to the purposes of that program.

 Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program and Conservation 
                          Stewardship Program

     SEC. 2301. REPEAL OF CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of 
     the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking the chapter designation and heading and 
     inserting the following:

``CHAPTER 4--ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM AND CONSERVATION 
                          STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM

    ``Subchapter A--Environmental Quality Incentives Program''; and

       (2) by inserting after section 1240H the following:

          ``Subchapter B--Conservation Stewardship Program''.

       (b) Conservation Stewardship Program.--Subchapter B of 
     chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
     of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating sections 1238D through 1238G as 
     sections 1240I through 1240L, respectively; and
       (2) by moving sections 1240I through 1240L (as so 
     redesignated) so as to appear after the subchapter heading 
     for subchapter B of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of 
     that Act (as added by subsection (a)(2)).
       (c) Repeal.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of 
     the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838 et seq.) (as 
     amended by subsection (b)) is repealed.
       (2) Termination of conservation stewardship program.--
     Effective on the date of enactment of this Act, the 
     conservation stewardship

[[Page H9840]]

     program under subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D of 
     title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d 
     et seq.) (as in effect on the day before the date of 
     enactment of this Act) shall cease to be effective.
       (3) Transitional provisions.--
       (A) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--The 
     cessation of effectiveness under paragraph (2) shall not 
     affect--
       (i) the validity or terms of any contract entered into by 
     the Secretary under subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D 
     of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3838d et seq.) before the date of enactment of this Act, or 
     any payments, modifications, or technical assistance required 
     to be made in connection with the contract; or
       (ii) subject to subparagraph (D), any agreement entered 
     into by the Secretary under the regional conservation 
     partnership program under subtitle I of title XII of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871 et seq.) on or before 
     September 30, 2018, under which conservation stewardship 
     program acres and associated funding have been allocated to 
     the agreement for the purpose of entering into a contract 
     under subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of 
     that Act (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) (as in effect on the day 
     before the date of enactment of this Act).
       (B) Extension permitted.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2), 
     the Secretary may extend for 1 year a contract described in 
     subparagraph (A)(i) if that contract expires on or before 
     December 31, 2019, under the terms and payment rate of the 
     existing contract and in accordance with subchapter B of 
     chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
     of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) (as in effect on the day 
     before the date of enactment of this Act).
       (C) Renewal not permitted.--
       (i) In general.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), and 
     subject to clause (ii), the Secretary may not renew a 
     contract or agreement described in that subparagraph.
       (ii) Exception.--The Secretary may renew a contract 
     described in subparagraph (A)(i)--

       (I) if that contract expires on or after December 31, 2019;
       (II) under the terms of the conservation stewardship 
     program under subchapter B of chapter 4 of subtitle D of 
     title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (as added by 
     subsections (a)(2) and (b)); and
       (III) subject to the limitation on funding for that 
     subchapter under section 1241 of the Food Security Act of 
     1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841).

       (D) RCPP contracts.--
       (i) Treatment of acreage.--In the case of an agreement 
     described in subparagraph (A)(ii), the Secretary may provide 
     an amount of funding that is equivalent to the value of any 
     acres covered by the agreement.
       (ii) Funds and acres not obligated.--In the case of an 
     agreement described in subparagraph (A)(ii) to which program 
     acres and associated funding have been allocated but not yet 
     obligated to enter into a contract under subchapter B of 
     chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
     of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) (as in effect on the day 
     before the date of enactment of this Act)--

       (I) the Secretary shall modify the agreement to authorize 
     the entrance into a contract under subchapter B of chapter 4 
     of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
     (as added by subsections (a)(2) and (b)); and
       (II) the funds associated with the conservation stewardship 
     program acres allocated under that agreement, on modification 
     under subclause (I), may be used to enter into conservation 
     stewardship program contracts with producers under subchapter 
     B of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (as added by subsections (a)(2) and 
     (b)).

       (4) Contract administration.--Subject to paragraphs (3)(C) 
     and (3)(D)(ii)(II), the Secretary shall administer each 
     contract and agreement described in clauses (i) and (ii) of 
     paragraph (3)(A) until the expiration of the contract or 
     agreement in accordance with the regulations to carry out the 
     conservation stewardship program under subchapter B of 
     chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
     of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) (as in effect on the day 
     before the date of enactment of this Act) that are in effect 
     on the day before that date of enactment.
       (5) Funding.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), any 
     funds made available from the Commodity Credit Corporation 
     under section 1241(a)(4) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3841(a)(4)) for fiscal years 2014 through 2018 shall 
     be available to carry out--
       (A) any contract or agreement described in paragraph 
     (3)(A)(i) for fiscal year 2019;
       (B) any contract or agreement described in paragraph 
     (3)(A)(ii);
       (C) any contract extended under paragraph (3)(B); and
       (D) any contract or agreement under subchapter B of chapter 
     4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
     (as added by subsections (a)(2) and (b)).
       (d) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Food security act of 1985.--
       (A) Section 1211(a)(3)(A) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
     (16 U.S.C. 3811(a)(3)(A)) is amended by inserting 
     ``subchapter A of'' before ``chapter 4''.
       (B) Section 1221(b)(3)(A) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
     (16 U.S.C. 3821(b)(3)(A)) is amended by inserting 
     ``subchapter A of'' before ``chapter 4''.
       (C) Section 1240J(b)(1) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
     (as redesignated by subsection (b)(1)) is amended by striking 
     subparagraph (C).
       (D) Section 1240 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3839aa) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1) by striking ``chapter'' and inserting ``subchapter''.
       (E) Section 1240A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3839aa-1) is amended by striking ``chapter'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``subchapter''.
       (F) Section 1240B(i)(2)(B) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
     (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(i)(2)(B)) is amended by striking 
     ``chapter'' and inserting ``subchapter''.
       (G) Section 1240C(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3839aa-3(b)) is amended in the matter preceding 
     paragraph (1) by striking ``chapter'' and inserting 
     ``subchapter''.
       (H) Section 1240E(b)(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
     (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-5(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``chapter'' 
     and inserting ``subchapter''.
       (I) Section 1240G of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3839aa-7) is amended by striking ``chapter'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``subchapter''.
       (J) Section 1240H of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3839aa-8) is amended by striking ``chapter'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``subchapter''.
       (K) Section 1244(c)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3844(c)(3)) is amended by inserting ``subchapter A 
     of'' before ``chapter 4''.
       (L) Section 1244(l) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3844(l)) is amended--
       (i) by striking ``chapter 2'' and inserting ``chapter 4''; 
     and
       (ii) by inserting ``subchapter A of'' after ``incentives 
     program under''.
       (2) Other laws.--
       (A) Section 344(f)(8) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 
     1938 (7 U.S.C. 1344(f)(8)) is amended by inserting 
     ``subchapter A of'' before ``chapter 4''.
       (B) Section 377 of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 
     (7 U.S.C. 1377) is amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' 
     before ``chapter 4''.
       (C) Paragraph (1) of the last proviso of the matter under 
     the heading ``conservation reserve program'' under the 
     heading ``Soil Bank Programs'' of title I of the Department 
     of Agriculture and Farm Credit Administration Appropriation 
     Act, 1959 (7 U.S.C. 1831a), is amended by inserting 
     ``subchapter A of'' before ``chapter 4''.
       (D) Section 8(b)(1) of the Soil Conservation and Domestic 
     Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(b)(1)) is amended by inserting 
     ``subchapter A of'' before ``chapter 4''.
       (E) Section 1271(c)(3)(C) of the Food, Agriculture, 
     Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (16 U.S.C. 
     2106a(c)(3)(C)) is amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' 
     before ``chapter 4''.
       (F) Section 304(a)(1) of the Lake Champlain Special 
     Designation Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 1270 note; Public Law 101-
     596) is amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' before 
     ``chapter 4''.
       (G) Section 202(c) of the Colorado River Basin Salinity 
     Control Act (43 U.S.C. 1592(c)) is amended by inserting 
     ``subchapter A of'' before ``chapter 4''.

     SEC. 2302. PURPOSES OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 1240 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3839aa) is amended by striking paragraph (4) and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(4) assisting producers to make beneficial, cost-
     effective changes to production systems, including addressing 
     identified, new, or expected resource concerns related to 
     organic production, grazing management, fuels management, 
     forest management, nutrient management associated with crops 
     and livestock, pest management, irrigation management, 
     adapting to, and mitigating against, increasing weather 
     volatility, drought resiliency measures, or other practices 
     on agricultural and forested land.''.

     SEC. 2303. DEFINITIONS UNDER ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 1240A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3839aa-1) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5) 
     as paragraphs (2), (4), (5), (6), and (8), respectively;
       (2) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:
       ``(1) Conservation planning assessment.--The term 
     `conservation planning assessment' means a report, as 
     determined by the Secretary, that--
       ``(A) is developed by--
       ``(i) a State or unit of local government (including a 
     conservation district);
       ``(ii) a Federal agency; or
       ``(iii) a third-party provider certified under section 
     1242(e) (including a certified rangeland professional);
       ``(B) assesses rangeland or cropland function and describes 
     conservation activities to enhance the economic and 
     ecological management of that land; and
       ``(C) can be incorporated into a comprehensive planning 
     document required by the Secretary for enrollment in a 
     conservation program of the Department of Agriculture.'';
       (3) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), in subparagraph 
     (B)(vi)--
       (A) by inserting ``environmentally sensitive areas,'' after 
     ``marshes,''; and
       (B) by inserting ``identified or expected'' before 
     ``resource concerns'';
       (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:
       ``(3) Incentive practice.--The term `incentive practice' 
     means a practice or set of practices approved by the 
     Secretary that, when implemented and maintained on eligible 
     land, address 1 or more priority resource concerns.'';
       (5) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) in clause (iv), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (ii) by redesignating clause (v) as clause (vii); and
       (iii) by inserting after clause (iv) the following:
       ``(v) soil testing;
       ``(vi) soil remediation to be carried out by the producer; 
     and''; and

[[Page H9841]]

       (B) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (ii) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (vi); and
       (iii) by inserting after clause (i) the following:
       ``(ii) planning for resource-conserving crop rotations (as 
     defined in section 1240L(d)(1));
       ``(iii) soil health planning, including increasing soil 
     organic matter and the use of cover crops;
       ``(iv) a conservation planning assessment;
       ``(v) precision conservation management planning; and'';
       (6) by inserting after paragraph (6) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:
       ``(7) Priority resource concern.--The term `priority 
     resource concern' means a natural resource concern or 
     problem, as determined by the Secretary, that--
       ``(A) is identified at the national, State, or local level 
     as a priority for a particular area of a State; and
       ``(B) represents a significant concern in a State or 
     region.''; and
       (7) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(9) Soil remediation.--The term `soil remediation' means 
     scientifically based practices that--
       ``(A) ensure the safety of producers from contaminants in 
     soil;
       ``(B) limit contaminants in soil from entering agricultural 
     products for human or animal consumption; and
       ``(C) regenerate and sustain the soil.
       ``(10) Soil testing.--The term `soil testing' means the 
     evaluation of soil health, including testing for--
       ``(A) the optimal level of constituents in the soil, such 
     as organic matter, nutrients, and the potential presence of 
     soil contaminants, including heavy metals, volatile organic 
     compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or other 
     contaminants; and
       ``(B) the biological and physical characteristics 
     indicative of proper soil functioning.''.

     SEC. 2304. ESTABLISHMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL 
                   QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM.

       (a) Establishment.--Section 1240B(a) of the Food Security 
     Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(a)) is amended by striking 
     ``2019'' and inserting ``2023''.
       (b) Payments.--Section 1240B(d) of the Food Security Act of 
     1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(d)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (4)(B)--
       (A) in clause (i)--
       (i) by striking ``Not more than'' and inserting ``On an 
     election by a producer described in subparagraph (A), the 
     Secretary shall provide at least'';
       (ii) by striking ``may be provided''; and
       (iii) by striking ``the purpose of'' and inserting ``all 
     costs related to''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iii) Notification and documentation.--The Secretary 
     shall--

       ``(I) notify each producer described in subparagraph (A), 
     at the time of enrollment in the program, of the option to 
     receive advance payments under clause (i); and
       ``(II) document the election of each producer described in 
     subparagraph (A) to receive advance payments under clause (i) 
     with respect to each practice that has costs described in 
     that clause.''; and

       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(7) Increased payments for high-priority practices.--
       ``(A) State determination.--Each State, in consultation 
     with the State technical committee established under section 
     1261(a) for the State, may designate not more than 10 
     practices to be eligible for increased payments under 
     subparagraph (B), on the condition that the practice, as 
     determined by the Secretary--
       ``(i) addresses specific causes of impairment relating to 
     excessive nutrients in groundwater or surface water;
       ``(ii) addresses the conservation of water to advance 
     drought mitigation and declining aquifers;
       ``(iii) meets other environmental priorities and other 
     priority resource concerns identified in habitat or other 
     area restoration plans; or
       ``(iv) is geographically targeted to address a natural 
     resource concern in a specific watershed.
       ``(B) Increased payments.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2), 
     in the case of a practice designated under subparagraph (A), 
     the Secretary may increase the amount that would otherwise be 
     provided for a practice under this subsection to not more 
     than 90 percent of the costs associated with planning, 
     design, materials, equipment, installation, labor, 
     management, maintenance, or training.''.
       (c) Allocation of Funding.--Section 1240B(f) of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(f)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 
     through 2023'';
       (B) by striking ``60'' and inserting ``50''; and
       (C) by striking ``production.'' and inserting ``production, 
     including grazing management practices.''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``For each'' and inserting the following:
       ``(A) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--For each''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) Fiscal years 2019 through 2023.--For each of fiscal 
     years 2019 through 2023, at least 10 percent of the funds 
     made available for payments under the program shall be 
     targeted at practices benefitting wildlife habitat under 
     subsection (g).''.
       (d) Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program.--Section 1240B(g) 
     of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(g)) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Maximum term.--In the case of a contract under the 
     program entered into solely for the establishment of 1 or 
     more annual management practices for the benefit of wildlife 
     as described in paragraph (1), notwithstanding any maximum 
     contract term established by the Secretary, the contract 
     shall have a term that does not exceed 10 years.
       ``(4) Included practices.--For the purpose of providing 
     seasonal wetland habitat for waterfowl and migratory birds, a 
     practice that is eligible for payment under paragraph (1) and 
     targeted for funding under subsection (f) may include--
       ``(A) a practice to carry out postharvest flooding; or
       ``(B) a practice to maintain the hydrology of temporary and 
     seasonal wetlands of not more than 2 acres to maintain 
     waterfowl and migratory bird habitat on working cropland.''.
       (e) Water Conservation or Irrigation Efficiency Practice.--
     Section 1240B(h) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3839aa-2(h)) is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
       ``(1) Availability of payments.--The Secretary may provide 
     water conservation and system efficiency payments under this 
     subsection to an entity described in paragraph (2) or a 
     producer for--
       ``(A) water conservation scheduling, water distribution 
     efficiency, soil moisture monitoring, or an appropriate 
     combination thereof;
       ``(B) irrigation-related structural or other measures that 
     conserve surface water or groundwater, including managed 
     aquifer recovery practices; or
       ``(C) a transition to water-conserving crops, water-
     conserving crop rotations, or deficit irrigation.'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
       ``(2) Eligibility of certain entities.--
       ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding section 1001(f)(6), the 
     Secretary may enter into a contract under this subsection 
     with a State, irrigation district, groundwater management 
     district, acequia, land-grant mercedes, or similar entity 
     under a streamlined contracting process to implement water 
     conservation or irrigation practices under a watershed-wide 
     project that will effectively conserve water, provide fish 
     and wildlife habitat, or provide for drought-related 
     environmental mitigation, as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(B) Implementation.--Water conservation or irrigation 
     practices that are the subject of a contract entered into 
     under subparagraph (A) shall be implemented on--
       ``(i) eligible land of a producer; or
       ``(ii) land that is--

       ``(I) under the control of an irrigation district, 
     groundwater management district, acequia, land-grant 
     mercedes, or similar entity; and
       ``(II) adjacent to eligible land described in clause (i), 
     as determined by the Secretary.

       ``(C) Waiver authority.--The Secretary may waive the 
     applicability of the limitations in section 1001D(b) or 
     section 1240G for a payment made under a contract entered 
     into under this paragraph if the Secretary determines that 
     the waiver is necessary to fulfill the objectives of the 
     project.
       ``(D) Contract limitations.--If the Secretary grants a 
     waiver under subparagraph (C), the Secretary may impose a 
     separate payment limitation for the contract with respect to 
     which the waiver applies.'';
       (4) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``to a producer'' and inserting ``under this subsection'';
       (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``the eligible land of 
     the producer is located, there is a reduction in water use in 
     the operation of the producer'' and inserting ``the land on 
     which the practices will be implemented is located, there is 
     a reduction in water use in the operation on that land''; and
       (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``except in the case 
     of an application under paragraph (2),'' before ``the 
     producer agrees''; and
       (5) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Effect.--Nothing in this subsection authorizes the 
     Secretary to modify the process for determining the annual 
     allocation of funding to States under the program.''.
       (f) Payments for Conservation Practices Related to Organic 
     Production.--Section 1240B(i)(3) of the Food Security Act of 
     1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(i)(3)) is amended--
       (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``Payments'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(A) In general.--Payments'';
       (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``In applying these 
     limitations'' and inserting the following:
       ``(B) Technical assistance.--In applying the limitations 
     under subparagraph (A)''; and
       (3) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated)--
       (A) by striking ``aggregate, $20,000 per year or $80,000 
     during any 6-year period.'' and inserting the following: 
     ``aggregate--
       ``(i) through fiscal year 2018--

       ``(I) $20,000 per year; or
       ``(II) $80,000 during any 6-year period; and''; and

       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(ii) during the period of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, 
     $140,000.''.
       (g) Conservation Incentive Contracts.--Section 1240B of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(j) Conservation Incentive Contracts.--
       ``(1) Identification of eligible priority resource concerns 
     for states.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
     applicable State technical committee established under 
     section 1261(a), shall

[[Page H9842]]

     identify watersheds (or other appropriate regions or areas 
     within a State) and the corresponding priority resource 
     concerns for those watersheds or other regions or areas that 
     are eligible to be the subject of an incentive contract under 
     this subsection.
       ``(B) Limitation.--For each of the relevant land uses 
     within the watersheds, regions, or other areas identified 
     under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall identify not more 
     than 3 eligible priority resource concerns.
       ``(2) Contracts.--
       ``(A) Authority.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall enter into contracts 
     with producers under this subsection that require the 
     implementation, adoption, management, and maintenance of 
     incentive practices that effectively address at least 1 
     eligible priority resource concern identified under paragraph 
     (1) for the term of the contract.
       ``(ii) Inclusions.--Through a contract entered into under 
     clause (i), the Secretary may provide--

       ``(I) funding, through annual payments, for certain 
     incentive practices to attain increased levels of 
     conservation on eligible land; or
       ``(II) assistance, through a practice payment, to implement 
     an incentive practice.

       ``(B) Term.--A contract under this subsection shall have a 
     term of not less than 5, and not more than 10, years.
       ``(C) Prioritization.--Notwithstanding section 1240C, the 
     Secretary shall develop criteria for evaluating incentive 
     practice applications that--
       ``(i) give priority to applications that address eligible 
     priority resource concerns identified under paragraph (1); 
     and
       ``(ii) evaluate applications relative to other applications 
     for similar agriculture and forest operations.
       ``(3) Incentive practice payments.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall provide payments to 
     producers through contracts entered into under paragraph (2) 
     for--
       ``(i) adopting and installing incentive practices; and
       ``(ii) managing, maintaining, and improving the incentive 
     practices for the duration of the contract, as determined 
     appropriate by the Secretary.
       ``(B) Payment amounts.--In determining the amount of 
     payments under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
     consider, to the extent practicable--
       ``(i) the level and extent of the incentive practice to be 
     installed, adopted, completed, maintained, managed, or 
     improved;
       ``(ii) the cost of the installation, adoption, completion, 
     management, maintenance, or improvement of the incentive 
     practice;
       ``(iii) income foregone by the producer, including 
     payments, as appropriate, to address--

       ``(I) increased economic risk;
       ``(II) loss in revenue due to anticipated reductions in 
     yield; and
       ``(III) economic losses during transition to a resource-
     conserving cropping system or resource-conserving land use; 
     and

       ``(iv) the extent to which compensation would ensure long-
     term continued maintenance, management, and improvement of 
     the incentive practice.
       ``(C) Delivery of payments.--In making payments under 
     subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall, to the extent 
     practicable--
       ``(i) in the case of annual payments under paragraph 
     (2)(A)(ii)(I), make those payments as soon as practicable 
     after October 1 of each fiscal year for which increased 
     levels of conservation are maintained during the term of the 
     contract; and
       ``(ii) in the case of practice payments under paragraph 
     (2)(A)(ii)(II), make those payments as soon as practicable on 
     the implementation of an incentive practice.''.

     SEC. 2305. ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM PLAN.

       Section 1240E(a)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3839aa-5(a)(3)) is amended by inserting 
     ``progressive'' before ``implementation''.

     SEC. 2306. LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS UNDER ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY 
                   INCENTIVES PROGRAM.

       Section 1240G of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3839aa-7) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``A person'' and inserting ``Not including 
     payments made under section 1240B(j), a person''; and
       (2) by inserting ``or the period of fiscal years 2019 
     through 2023,'' after ``2018,''.

     SEC. 2307. CONSERVATION INNOVATION GRANTS AND PAYMENTS.

       (a) Competitive Grants for Innovative Conservation 
     Approaches.--Section 1240H(a)(2) of the Food Security Act of 
     1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-8(a)(2)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``program;'' and 
     inserting ``program or community colleges (as defined in 
     section 1473E(a) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
     3319e(a))) carrying out demonstration projects on land of the 
     community college;'';
       (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
     subparagraphs (G) and (H), respectively; and
       (3) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
       ``(E) partner with farmers to develop innovative practices 
     for urban, indoor, or other emerging agricultural operations;
       ``(F) utilize edge-of-field and other monitoring practices 
     on farms--
       ``(i) to quantify the impacts of practices implemented 
     under the program; and
       ``(ii) to assist producers in making the best conservation 
     investments for the operations of the producers;''.
       (b) Air Quality Concerns From Agricultural Operations.--
     Section 1240H(b)(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3839aa-8(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``$25,000,000 
     for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2018'' and inserting 
     ``$37,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.
       (c) On-Farm Conservation Innovation Trials; Reporting and 
     Database.--Section 1240H of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3839aa-8) is amended by striking subsection (c) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(c) On-Farm Conservation Innovation Trials.--
       ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means, 
     as determined by the Secretary--
       ``(i) a third-party private entity the primary business of 
     which is related to agriculture;
       ``(ii) a nongovernmental organization with experience 
     working with agricultural producers; or
       ``(iii) a governmental organization.
       ``(B) New or innovative conservation approach.--The term 
     `new or innovative conservation approach' means--
       ``(i) new or innovative--

       ``(I) precision agriculture technologies;
       ``(II) enhanced nutrient management plans, nutrient 
     recovery systems, and fertilization systems;
       ``(III) soil health management systems, including systems 
     to increase soil carbon levels;
       ``(IV) water management systems;
       ``(V) resource-conserving crop rotations (as defined in 
     section 1240L(d)(1));
       ``(VI) cover crops; and
       ``(VII) irrigation systems; and

       ``(ii) any other conservation approach approved by the 
     Secretary as new or innovative.
       ``(2) Testing new or innovative conservation approaches.--
     Using $25,000,000 of the funds made available to carry out 
     this subchapter for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, 
     the Secretary shall carry out on-farm conservation innovation 
     trials, on eligible land of producers, to test new or 
     innovative conservation approaches--
       ``(A) directly with producers; or
       ``(B) through eligible entities.
       ``(3) Incentive payments.--
       ``(A) Agreements.--In carrying out paragraph (2), the 
     Secretary shall enter into agreements with producers (either 
     directly or through eligible entities) on whose land an on-
     farm conservation innovation trial is being carried out to 
     provide payments (including payments to compensate for 
     foregone income, as appropriate to address the increased 
     economic risk potentially associated with new or innovative 
     conservation approaches) to the producers to assist with 
     adopting and evaluating new or innovative conservation 
     approaches to achieve conservation benefits.
       ``(B) Adjusted gross income requirements.--
       ``(i) In general.--Adjusted gross income requirements under 
     section 1001D(b)(1) shall--

       ``(I) apply to producers receiving payments under this 
     subsection; and
       ``(II) be enforced by the Secretary.

       ``(ii) Reporting.--An eligible entity participating in an 
     on-farm conservation innovation trial under this subsection 
     shall report annually to the Secretary on the amount of 
     payments made to individual farm operations under this 
     subsection.
       ``(C) Limitation on administrative expenses.--None of the 
     funds made available to carry out this subsection may be used 
     to pay for the administrative expenses of an eligible entity.
       ``(D) Length of agreements.--An agreement entered into 
     under subparagraph (A) shall be for a period determined by 
     the Secretary that is--
       ``(i) not less than 3 years; and
       ``(ii) if appropriate, more than 3 years, including if such 
     a period is appropriate to support--

       ``(I) adaptive management over multiple crop years; and
       ``(II) adequate data collection and analysis by a producer 
     or eligible entity to report the natural resource and 
     agricultural production benefits of the new or innovative 
     conservation approaches to the Secretary.

       ``(4) Flexible adoption.--The scale of adoption of a new or 
     innovative conservation approach under an on-farm 
     conservation innovation trial under an agreement under 
     paragraph (2) may include multiple scales on an operation, 
     including whole farm, field-level, or sub-field scales.
       ``(5) Technical assistance.--The Secretary shall provide 
     technical assistance--
       ``(A) to each producer or eligible entity participating in 
     an on-farm conservation innovation trial under paragraph (2) 
     with respect to the design, installation, and management of 
     the new or innovative conservation approaches; and
       ``(B) to each eligible entity participating in an on-farm 
     conservation innovation trial under paragraph (2) with 
     respect to data analyses of the on-farm conservation 
     innovation trial.
       ``(6) Geographic scope.--The Secretary shall identify a 
     diversity of geographic regions of the United States in which 
     to establish on-farm conservation innovation trials under 
     paragraph (2), taking into account factors such as soil type, 
     cropping history, and water availability.
       ``(7) Soil health demonstration trial.--Using funds made 
     available to carry out this subsection, the Secretary shall 
     carry out a soil health demonstration trial under which the 
     Secretary coordinates with eligible entities--
       ``(A) to provide incentives to producers to implement 
     conservation practices that--
       ``(i) improve soil health;
       ``(ii) increase carbon levels in the soil; or
       ``(iii) meet the goals described in clauses (i) and (ii);
       ``(B) to establish protocols for measuring carbon levels in 
     the soil and testing carbon levels on land where conservation 
     practices described

[[Page H9843]]

     in subparagraph (A) were applied to evaluate gains in soil 
     health as a result of the practices implemented by the 
     producers in the soil health demonstration trial; and
       ``(C)(i) not later than September 30, 2020, to initiate a 
     study regarding changes in soil health and, if feasible, 
     economic outcomes, generated as a result of the conservation 
     practices described in subparagraph (A) that were applied by 
     producers through the soil health demonstration trial; and
       ``(ii) to submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
     House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
     Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate annual reports on the 
     progress and results of the study under clause (i).
       ``(d) Reporting and Database.--
       ``(1) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2019, 
     and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to 
     the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
     and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
     the Senate a report on the status of activities funded under 
     this section, including--
       ``(A) funding awarded;
       ``(B) results of the activities, including, if feasible, 
     economic outcomes;
       ``(C) incorporation of findings from the activities, such 
     as new technology and innovative approaches, into the 
     conservation efforts implemented by the Secretary; and
       ``(D) on completion of the study required under subsection 
     (c)(7)(C), the findings of the study.
       ``(2) Conservation practice database.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall use the data 
     reported under paragraph (1) to establish and maintain a 
     publicly available conservation practice database that 
     provides--
       ``(i) a compilation and analysis of effective conservation 
     practices for soil health, nutrient management, and source 
     water protection in varying soil compositions, cropping 
     systems, slopes, and landscapes; and
       ``(ii) a list of recommended new and effective conservation 
     practices.
       ``(B) Privacy.--Information provided under subparagraph (A) 
     shall be transformed into a statistical or aggregate form so 
     as to not include any identifiable or personal information of 
     individual producers.''.

     SEC. 2308. CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM.

       (a) Definitions.--Section 1240I of the Food Security Act of 
     1985 (as redesignated by section 2301(b)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)(B)--
       (A) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iii) development of a comprehensive conservation plan, 
     as defined in section 1240L(e)(1);
       ``(iv) soil health planning, including planning to increase 
     soil organic matter; and
       ``(v) activities that will assist a producer to adapt to, 
     or mitigate against, increasing weather volatility.''; and
       (2) in paragraph (7), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting the following: ``through the use of--
       ``(A) quality criteria under a resource management system;
       ``(B) predictive analytics tools or models developed or 
     approved by the Natural Resources Conservation Service;
       ``(C) data from past and current enrollment in the program; 
     and
       ``(D) other methods that measure conservation and 
     improvement in priority resource concerns, as determined by 
     the Secretary.''.
       (b) Conservation Stewardship Program.--
       (1) Establishment.--Subsection (a) of section 1240J of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by section 
     2301(b)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
     striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 through 
     2023''.
       (2) Exclusions.--Subsection (b)(2) of section 1240J of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by section 
     2301(b)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
     striking ``the Agricultural Act of 2014'' and inserting the 
     ``Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018''.
       (c) Stewardship Contracts.--Section 1240K of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by section 2301(b)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (1) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(1) Ranking of applications.--
       ``(A) In general.--In evaluating contract offers submitted 
     under subsection (a) and contract renewals under subsection 
     (e), the Secretary shall rank applications based on--
       ``(i) the natural resource conservation and environmental 
     benefits that result from the conservation treatment on all 
     applicable priority resource concerns at the time of 
     submission of the application;
       ``(ii) the degree to which the proposed conservation 
     activities increase natural resource conservation and 
     environmental benefits; and
       ``(iii) other consistent criteria, as determined by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(B) Additional criterion.--If 2 or more applications 
     receive the same ranking under subparagraph (A), the 
     Secretary shall rank those contracts based on the extent to 
     which the actual and anticipated conservation benefits from 
     each contract are provided at the lowest cost relative to 
     other similarly beneficial contract offers.'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by striking ``the program under subsection (a)'' and 
     inserting ``a contract or contract renewal under this 
     section'';
       (B) by inserting ``or contract renewal'' before ``offer 
     ranks'';
       (C) by inserting ``or contract renewal'' after 
     ``stewardship contract''; and
       (D) by adding ``or contract renewal'' before the period at 
     the end;
       (3) in subsection (d)(2)(A), by striking ``1238G(d)'' and 
     inserting ``1240L(c)''; and
       (4) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``At 
     the end'' and all that follows through ``period'' the second 
     place it appears and inserting the following: ``The Secretary 
     may provide the producer an opportunity to renew an existing 
     contract in the first half of the fifth year of the contract 
     period'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``initial'' and inserting 
     ``existing'';
       (C) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by inserting ``new or improved'' after ``integrate''; 
     and
       (ii) by inserting ``demonstrating continued improvement 
     during the additional 5-year period,'' after ``operation,''; 
     and
       (D) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``to exceed the 
     stewardship threshold of'' and inserting ``to adopt or 
     improve conservation activities, as determined by the 
     Secretary, to achieve higher levels of performance with 
     respect to not less than''.
       (d) Duties of Secretary.--Section 1240L of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by section 2301(b)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``acres'' and inserting ``funding'';
       (2) by striking subsection (c);
       (3) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
     (c) and (d), respectively;
       (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated), by adding at 
     the end the following:
       ``(5) Payment for cover crop activities.--The amount of a 
     payment under this subsection for cover crop activities shall 
     be not less than 125 percent of the annual payment amount 
     determined by the Secretary under paragraph (2).'';
       (5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and Advanced 
     Grazing Management'' after ``Rotations'';
       (B) by striking paragraph (2);
       (C) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (4) as paragraphs 
     (2) and (1), respectively, and moving the paragraphs so as to 
     appear in numerical order;
       (D) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated)--
       (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (D) and (E) 
     as clauses (i) through (iv) and (vi), respectively, and 
     indenting appropriately;
       (ii) by striking the paragraph designation and all that 
     follows through ``the term'' in the matter preceding clause 
     (i) (as so redesignated) and inserting the following:
       ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) Advanced grazing management.--The term `advanced 
     grazing management' means the use of a combination of grazing 
     practices (as determined by the Secretary), which may include 
     management-intensive rotational grazing, that provide for--
       ``(i) improved soil health and carbon sequestration;
       ``(ii) drought resilience;
       ``(iii) wildlife habitat;
       ``(iv) wildfire mitigation;
       ``(v) control of invasive plants; and
       ``(vi) water quality improvement.
       ``(B) Management-intensive rotational grazing.--The term 
     `management-intensive rotational grazing' means a strategic, 
     adaptively managed multipasture grazing system in which 
     animals are regularly and systematically moved to fresh 
     pasture in a manner that--
       ``(i) maximizes the quantity and quality of forage growth;
       ``(ii) improves manure distribution and nutrient cycling;
       ``(iii) increases carbon sequestration from greater forage 
     harvest;
       ``(iv) improves the quality and quantity of cover for 
     wildlife;
       ``(v) provides permanent cover to protect the soil from 
     erosion; and
       ``(vi) improves water quality.
       ``(C) Resource-conserving crop rotation.--The term''; and
       (iii) in subparagraph (C) (as so designated)--

       (I) in clause (iv) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``and'' at the end; and
       (II) by inserting after clause (iv) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:

       ``(v) builds soil organic matter; and'';
       (E) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``improve resource-conserving'' and all that follows through 
     the period at the end and inserting the following: ``improve, 
     manage, and maintain--
       ``(A) resource-conserving crop rotations; or
       ``(B) advanced grazing management.'';
       (F) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) by striking ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
     (2)''; and
       (ii) by striking ``and maintain'' and all that follows 
     through the period at the end and inserting ``or improve, 
     manage, and maintain resource-conserving crop rotations or 
     advanced grazing management for the term of the contract.''; 
     and
       (G) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Amount of payment.--An additional payment provided 
     under paragraph (2) shall be not less than 150 percent of the 
     annual payment amount determined by the Secretary under 
     subsection (c)(2).'';
       (6) by inserting after subsection (d) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:
       ``(e) Payment for Comprehensive Conservation Plan.--
       ``(1) Definition of comprehensive conservation plan.--In 
     this subsection, the term `comprehensive conservation plan' 
     means a conservation plan that meets or exceeds the 
     stewardship threshold for each priority resource concern 
     identified by the Secretary under subsection (a)(2).
       ``(2) Payment for comprehensive conservation plan.--The 
     Secretary shall provide a 1-

[[Page H9844]]

     time payment to a producer that develops a comprehensive 
     conservation plan.
       ``(3) Amount of payment.--The Secretary shall determine the 
     amount of payment under paragraph (2) based on--
       ``(A) the number of priority resource concerns addressed in 
     the comprehensive conservation plan; and
       ``(B) the number of types of land uses included in the 
     comprehensive conservation plan.'';
       (7) in subsection (f), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
     and inserting ``2019 through 2023'';
       (8) in subsection (h)--
       (A) by striking the subsection designation and heading and 
     all that follows through ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(h) Organic Certification.--
       ``(1) Coordination.--The Secretary''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Allocation.--
       ``(A) In general.--Using funds made available for the 
     program for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, the 
     Secretary shall allocate funding to States to support organic 
     production and transition to organic production through 
     paragraph (1).
       ``(B) Determination.--The Secretary shall determine the 
     allocation to a State under subparagraph (A) based on--
       ``(i) the number of certified and transitioning organic 
     operations within the State; and
       ``(ii) the number of acres of certified and transitioning 
     organic production within the State.''; and
       (9) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(j) Streamlining and Coordination.--To the maximum extent 
     feasible, the Secretary shall provide for streamlined and 
     coordinated procedures for the program and the environmental 
     quality incentives program under subchapter A, including 
     applications, contracting, conservation planning, 
     conservation practices, and related administrative 
     procedures.
       ``(k) Soil Health.--To the maximum extent feasible, the 
     Secretary shall manage the program to enhance soil health.
       ``(l) Annual Report.--Each fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
     submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
     and Forestry of the Senate a report describing the payment 
     rates for conservation activities offered to producers under 
     the program and an analysis of whether payment rates can be 
     reduced for the most expensive conservation activities.''.

     SEC. 2309. GRASSLAND CONSERVATION INITIATIVE.

       Subchapter B of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (as added by subsections (a)(2) and 
     (b) of section 2301) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 1240L-1. GRASSLAND CONSERVATION INITIATIVE.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Eligible land.--Notwithstanding sections 1240I(4) and 
     1240J(b)(2), the term `eligible land' means cropland on a 
     farm for which base acres have been maintained by the 
     Secretary under section 1112(d)(3) of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 9012(d)(3)).
       ``(2) Initiative.--The term `initiative' means the 
     grassland conservation initiative established under 
     subsection (b).
       ``(b) Establishment and Purpose.--The Secretary shall 
     establish within the program a grassland conservation 
     initiative for the purpose of assisting producers in 
     protecting grazing uses, conserving and improving soil, 
     water, and wildlife resources, and achieving related 
     conservation values by conserving eligible land through 
     grassland conservation contracts under subsection (e).
       ``(c) Election.--Beginning in fiscal year 2019, the 
     Secretary shall provide a 1-time election to enroll eligible 
     land in the initiative under a contract described in 
     subsection (e).
       ``(d) Method of Enrollment.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(1) notwithstanding subsection (b) of section 1240K, 
     determine under subsection (c) of that section that eligible 
     land ranks sufficiently high under the evaluation criteria 
     described in subsection (b) of that section; and
       ``(2) enroll the eligible land in the initiative under a 
     contract described in subsection (e).
       ``(e) Grassland Conservation Contract.--
       ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding section 1240K(a)(1), to 
     enroll eligible land in the initiative under a grassland 
     conservation contract, a producer shall agree--
       ``(A) to meet or exceed the stewardship threshold for not 
     less than 1 priority resource concern by the date on which 
     the contract expires; and
       ``(B) to comply with the terms and conditions of the 
     contract.
       ``(2) Terms.--A grassland conservation contract entered 
     into under this section shall--
       ``(A)(i) be for a single 5-year term; and
       ``(ii) not be subject to renewal or reenrollment under 
     section 1240K(e); and
       ``(B) be subject to section 1240K(d).
       ``(3) Early termination.--The Secretary shall allow a 
     producer that enters into a grassland conservation contract 
     under this section--
       ``(A) to terminate the contract at any time; and
       ``(B) to retain payments already received under the 
     contract.
       ``(f) Grassland Conservation Plan.--The grassland 
     conservation plan developed for eligible land shall be 
     limited to--
       ``(1) eligible land; and
       ``(2) resource concerns and activities relating to 
     grassland.
       ``(g) Payments.--
       ``(1) In general.--Beginning in fiscal year 2019, of the 
     funds made available for this subchapter under section 
     1241(a)(3)(B), and notwithstanding any payment under title I 
     of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, an amendment made 
     by that title, or section 1240L(c), the Secretary shall make 
     annual grassland conservation contract payments to the 
     producer of any eligible land that is the subject of a 
     grassland conservation contract under this section.
       ``(2) Payment noneligibility.--A grassland conservation 
     contract under this section shall not be--
       ``(A) eligible for payments under section 1240L(d); or
       ``(B) subject to the payment limitations under this 
     subchapter.
       ``(3) Limitation.--The amount of an annual payment under 
     this subsection shall be $18 per acre, not to exceed the 
     number of base acres on a farm.
       ``(h) Considered Planted.--The Secretary shall consider 
     land enrolled under a grassland conservation contract under 
     this section during a crop year to be planted or considered 
     planted to a covered commodity (as defined in section 1111 of 
     the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9011)) during that 
     crop year.
       ``(i) Other Contracts.--A producer with an agricultural 
     operation that contains land eligible under this section and 
     land eligible under section 1240K--
       ``(1) may enroll the land eligible under this section 
     through a contract under this section or under section 1240K; 
     and
       ``(2) shall not be prohibited from enrolling the land 
     eligible under section 1240K through a contract under section 
     1240K.''.

                Subtitle D--Other Conservation Programs

     SEC. 2401. WATERSHED PROTECTION AND FLOOD PREVENTION.

       (a) Assistance to Local Organizations.--Section 3 of the 
     Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 
     1003) is amended--
       (1) by striking the section designation and all that 
     follows through ``In order to assist'' and inserting the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 3. ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS.

       ``(a) In General.--In order to assist''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(b) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the watershed plan 
     for works of improvement if the Secretary determines that--
       ``(1) the watershed plan is unnecessary or duplicative; and
       ``(2) the works of improvement are otherwise consistent 
     with applicable requirements under section 4.''.
       (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 14(h)(2)(E) 
     of the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 
     U.S.C. 1012(h)(2)(E)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''.
       (c) Funds of Commodity Credit Corporation.--The Watershed 
     Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.) 
     is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 15. FUNDING.

       ``In addition to any other funds made available by this 
     Act, of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the 
     Secretary shall make available to carry out this Act 
     $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 and each fiscal year 
     thereafter.''.

     SEC. 2402. SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES CONSERVATION.

       The Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 
     U.S.C. 2001 et seq.) is amended--
       (1) in section 5(e) (16 U.S.C. 2004(e)), by striking ``and 
     December 31, 2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2015, and 
     December 31, 2022'';
       (2) in section 6(d) (16 U.S.C. 2005(d)), by striking ``, 
     respectively'' and inserting ``, and a program update shall 
     be completed by December 31, 2023'';
       (3) in section 7 (16 U.S.C. 2006)--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``and 2016'' and 
     inserting ``, 2016, and 2022''; and
       (B) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``and 2017'' and inserting ``, 2017, and 
     2023''; and
       (4) in section 10 (16 U.S.C. 2009), by striking ``2018'' 
     and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 2403. EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM.

       (a) Repair or Replacement of Fencing.--
       (1) In general.--Section 401 of the Agricultural Credit Act 
     of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2201) is amended--
       (A) by inserting ``wildfires,'' after ``hurricanes,'';
       (B) by striking the section designation and all that 
     follows through ``The Secretary of Agriculture'' and 
     inserting the following:

     ``SEC. 401. EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM.

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture (referred 
     to in this title as the `Secretary')''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(b) Repair or Replacement of Fencing.--
       ``(1) In general.--With respect to a payment to an 
     agricultural producer under subsection (a) for the repair or 
     replacement of fencing, the Secretary shall give the 
     agricultural producer the option of receiving not more than 
     25 percent of the payment, determined by the Secretary based 
     on the applicable percentage of the fair market value of the 
     cost of the repair or replacement, before the agricultural 
     producer carries out the repair or replacement.
       ``(2) Return of funds.--If the funds provided under 
     paragraph (1) are not expended by the end of the 60-day 
     period beginning on the date on which the agricultural 
     producer receives those funds, the funds shall be returned 
     within a reasonable timeframe, as determined by the 
     Secretary.''.
       (2) Conforming amendments.--
       (A) Sections 402, 403, 404, and 405 of the Agricultural 
     Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2202, 2203, 2204, 2205) are 
     amended by striking ``Secretary of Agriculture'' each place 
     it appears and inserting ``Secretary''.
       (B) Section 407(a) of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 
     (16 U.S.C. 2206(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (4).

[[Page H9845]]

       (b) Cost Share Payments.--Title IV of the Agricultural 
     Credit Act of 1978 is amended by inserting after section 402 
     (16 U.S.C. 2202) the following:

     ``SEC. 402A. COST-SHARE REQUIREMENT.

       ``(a) Cost-share Rate.--Subject to subsections (b) and (c), 
     the maximum cost-share payment under sections 401 and 402 
     shall not exceed 75 percent of the total allowable cost, as 
     determined by the Secretary.
       ``(b) Exception.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), a payment 
     to a limited resource farmer or rancher, a socially 
     disadvantaged farmer or rancher (as defined in subsection (a) 
     of section 2501 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279), or a beginning farmer or 
     rancher under section 401 or 402 shall not exceed 90 percent 
     of the total allowable cost, as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(c) Limitation.--The total payment under sections 401 and 
     402 for a single event may not exceed 50 percent of the 
     agriculture value of the land, as determined by the 
     Secretary.''.
       (c) Payment Limitations.--Title IV of the Agricultural 
     Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2201 et seq.) is amended by 
     inserting after section 402A (as added by subsection (b)) the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 402B. PAYMENT LIMITATION.

       ``The maximum payment made under the emergency conservation 
     program to an agricultural producer under sections 401 and 
     402 shall not exceed $500,000.''.
       (d) Watershed Protection Program.--Section 403 of the 
     Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2203) is amended--
       (1) by striking the section heading and inserting 
     ``emergency watershed program''; and
       (2) in subsection (a), by inserting ``watershed 
     protection'' after ``emergency''.
       (e) Funding and Administration.--Section 404 of the 
     Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2204) is amended--
       (1) in the fourth sentence, by striking ``The Corporation'' 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(d) Limitation.--The Commodity Credit Corporation'';
       (2) in the third sentence (as amended by subsection 
     (a)(2)(A)), by striking ``In implementing the provisions of'' 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(c) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation.--In 
     implementing'';
       (3) by striking the second sentence;
       (4) by striking the section designation and all that 
     follows through ``There are authorized'' in the first 
     sentence and inserting the following:

     ``SEC. 404. FUNDING AND ADMINISTRATION.

       ``(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
     authorized'';
       (5) in subsection (a) (as so designated), by inserting ``, 
     to remain available until expended'' before the period at the 
     end; and
       (6) by inserting after subsection (a) (as so designated) 
     the following:
       ``(b) Set-aside for Fencing.--Of the amounts made available 
     under subsection (a) for a fiscal year, 25 percent shall be 
     set aside until April 1 of that fiscal year for the repair or 
     replacement of fencing.''.

     SEC. 2404. CONSERVATION OF PRIVATE GRAZING LAND.

       Section 1240M of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3839bb) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)(2), by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(C) Partnerships.--In carrying out the program under this 
     section, the Secretary shall provide education and outreach 
     activities through partnerships with--
       ``(i) land-grant colleges and universities (as defined in 
     section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)); 
     and
       ``(ii) nongovernmental organizations.''; and
       (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 2405. GRASSROOTS SOURCE WATER PROTECTION PROGRAM.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1240O(b)(1) 
     of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-2(b)(1)) 
     is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
       (b) Availability of Funds.--Section 1240O(b) of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-2(b)) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Additional funding.--In addition to any other funds 
     made available under this subsection, of the funds of the 
     Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use 
     $5,000,000 beginning in fiscal year 2019, to remain available 
     until expended.''.

     SEC. 2406. VOLUNTARY PUBLIC ACCESS AND HABITAT INCENTIVE 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 1240R of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3839bb-5) is amended--
       (1) in subsections (a) and (c), by striking ``grants'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``funding'';
       (2) in subsections (b) and (d)(2), by striking ``a grant'' 
     each place it appears and inserting ``funding'';
       (3) in subsection (c)(3) (as amended by section 
     2202(b)(1)), by inserting ``or on land covered by a wetland 
     reserve easement under section 1265C'' before ``by 
     providing''; and
       (4) in subsection (f)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``2012 and'' and inserting ``2012,''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``, and $50,000,000 for the period of 
     fiscal years 2019 through 2023'' before the period at the 
     end;
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
       ``(2) Enhanced public access to wetland reserve 
     easements.--To the maximum extent practicable, of the funds 
     made available under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall use 
     $3,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2019 through 2023 
     to encourage public access to land covered by wetland reserve 
     easements under section 1265C through agreements with States 
     and tribal governments under this section.''.

     SEC. 2407. WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary and the Secretary of the 
     Interior shall continue to carry out the Working Lands for 
     Wildlife model of conservation on working landscapes, as 
     implemented on the day before the date of enactment of this 
     Act, in accordance with--
       (1) the document entitled ``Partnership Agreement Between 
     the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources 
     Conservation Service and the United States Department of the 
     Interior Fish and Wildlife Service'', numbered A-3A7516-937, 
     and formalized by the Chief of the Natural Resources 
     Conservation Service on September 15, 2016, and by the 
     Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service on 
     August 4, 2016, as in effect on September 15, 2016; and
       (2) United States Fish and Wildlife Service Director's 
     Order No. 217, dated August 9, 2016, as in effect on August 
     9, 2016.
       (b) Expansion of Model.--The Secretary and the Secretary of 
     the Interior may expand the conservation model described in 
     subsection (a) through a new partnership agreement between 
     the Farm Service Agency and the United States Fish and 
     Wildlife Service for the purpose of carrying out conservation 
     activities for species conservation.
       (c) Extension of Period of Regulatory Predictability.--
       (1) Definition of period of regulatory predictability.--In 
     this subsection, the term ``period of regulatory 
     predictability'' means the period of regulatory 
     predictability under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
     U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) initially determined in accordance with 
     the document and order described in paragraphs (1) and (2), 
     respectively, of subsection (a).
       (2) Extension.--After the period of regulatory 
     predictability, on request of the Secretary, the Secretary of 
     the Interior, acting through the Director of the United 
     States Fish and Wildlife Service, may provide additional 
     consultation under section 7(a)(2) of the Endangered Species 
     Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536(a)(2)), or additional conference 
     under section 7(a)(4) of that Act (16 U.S.C. 1536(a)(4)), as 
     applicable, with the Chief of the Natural Resources 
     Conservation Service or the Administrator of the Farm Service 
     Agency, as applicable, to extend the period of regulatory 
     predictability.

     SEC. 2408. FERAL SWINE ERADICATION AND CONTROL PILOT PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a feral 
     swine eradication and control pilot program to respond to the 
     threat feral swine pose to agriculture, native ecosystems, 
     and human and animal health.
       (b) Duties of the Secretary.--In carrying out the pilot 
     program, the Secretary shall--
       (1) study and assess the nature and extent of damage to the 
     pilot areas caused by feral swine;
       (2) develop methods to eradicate or control feral swine in 
     the pilot areas;
       (3) develop methods to restore damage caused by feral 
     swine; and
       (4) provide financial assistance to agricultural producers 
     in pilot areas.
       (c) Assistance.--The Secretary may provide financial 
     assistance to agricultural producers under the pilot program 
     to implement methods to--
       (1) eradicate or control feral swine in the pilot areas; 
     and
       (2) restore damage caused by feral swine.
       (d) Coordination.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
     Natural Resources Conservation Service and the Animal and 
     Plant Health Inspection Service coordinate for purposes of 
     this section through State technical committees established 
     under section 1261(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
     U.S.C. 3861(a)).
       (e) Pilot Areas.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
     program in areas of States in which feral swine have been 
     identified as a threat to agriculture, native ecosystems, or 
     human or animal health, as determined by the Secretary.
       (f) Cost Sharing.--
       (1) Federal share.--The Federal share of the costs of 
     activities under the pilot program may not exceed 75 percent 
     of the total costs of such activities.
       (2) In-kind contributions.--The non-Federal share of the 
     costs of activities under the pilot program may be provided 
     in the form of in-kind contributions of materials or 
     services.
       (g) Funding.--
       (1) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity 
     Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this 
     section $75,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2019 
     through 2023.
       (2) Distribution of funds.--Of the funds made available 
     under paragraph (1)--
       (A) 50 percent shall be allocated to the Natural Resources 
     Conservation Service to carry out the pilot program, 
     including the provision of financial assistance to producers 
     for on-farm trapping and technology related to capturing and 
     confining feral swine; and
       (B) 50 percent shall be allocated to the Animal and Plant 
     Health Inspection Service to carry out the pilot program, 
     including the use of established, and testing of innovative, 
     population reduction methods.
       (3) Limitation on administrative expenses.--Not more than 
     10 percent of funds made available under this section may be 
     used for administrative expenses of the pilot program.

     SEC. 2409. REPORT ON SMALL WETLANDS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary, acting through the Chief of 
     the Natural Resources Conservation Service, shall submit to 
     the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
     and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
     the Senate a report describing the number of wetlands with an 
     area

[[Page H9846]]

     not more than 1 acre that have been delineated in each of the 
     States of North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, and Iowa 
     during fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
       (b) Requirement.--In the report under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary, acting through the Chief of the Natural Resources 
     Conservation Service, shall list the number of wetlands acres 
     in each State described in the report by tenths of an acre, 
     and ensure the report is based on the best available science.

     SEC. 2410. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO INCREASED WATERSHED-
                   BASED COLLABORATION.

       It is the sense of Congress that the Federal Government 
     should recognize and encourage partnerships at the watershed 
     level between nonpoint sources and regulated point sources to 
     advance the goals of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act 
     (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) and provide benefits to farmers, 
     landowners, and the public.

                 Subtitle E--Funding and Administration

     SEC. 2501. COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION.

       (a) Annual Funding.--Section 1241(a) of the Food Security 
     Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(a)) is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``2018 (and fiscal year 2019 in the case of the program 
     specified in paragraph (5))'' and inserting ``2023'';
       (2) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$10,000,000 for the 
     period of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
     ``$12,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2019 through 
     2023''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) by striking ``$33,000,000 for the period of fiscal 
     years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$50,000,000 for the 
     period of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, including not more 
     than $5,000,000 to provide outreach and technical 
     assistance,''; and
       (ii) by striking ``retired or retiring owners and 
     operators'' and inserting ``contract holders'';
       (3) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(F) $450,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
     2023.'';
       (4) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
       ``(3) The programs under chapter 4, using, to the maximum 
     extent practicable--
       ``(A) for the environmental quality incentives program 
     under subchapter A of that chapter--
       ``(i) $1,750,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
       ``(ii) $1,750,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
       ``(iii) $1,800,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
       ``(iv) $1,850,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
       ``(v) $2,025,000,000 for fiscal year 2023; and
       ``(B) for the conservation stewardship program under 
     subchapter B of that chapter--
       ``(i) $700,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
       ``(ii) $725,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
       ``(iii) $750,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
       ``(iv) $800,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
       ``(v) $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2023.'';
       (5) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``(as in effect on the 
     day before the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
     Improvement Act of 2018), using such sums as are necessary to 
     administer contracts entered into before that date of 
     enactment'' before the period at the end; and
       (6) by striking paragraph (5).
       (b) Availability of Funds.--Section 1241(b) of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(b)) is amended by 
     striking ``2018 (and fiscal year 2019 in the case of the 
     program specified in subsection (a)(5))'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.
       (c) Report on Program Enrollments and Assistance.--Section 
     1241(i) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(i)) 
     is amended to read as follows:
       ``(i) Report on Program Enrollments and Assistance.--Not 
     later than December 15 of each of calendar years 2019 through 
     2023, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
     Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
     on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate an 
     annual report containing statistics by State related to 
     enrollments in conservation programs under this title, as 
     follows:
       ``(1) The annual and current cumulative activity reflecting 
     active agreement and contract enrollment statistics.
       ``(2) Secretarial exceptions, waivers, and significant 
     payments, including--
       ``(A) payments made under the agricultural conservation 
     easement program for easements valued at $250,000 or greater;
       ``(B) payments made under the regional conservation 
     partnership program subject to the waiver of adjusted gross 
     income limitations pursuant to section 1271C(c)(3);
       ``(C) waivers granted by the Secretary under section 
     1001D(b)(3);
       ``(D) exceptions and activity associated with section 
     1240B(h)(2); and
       ``(E) exceptions provided by the Secretary under section 
     1265B(b)(2)(B)(ii).''.
       (d) Allocations Review and Update.--Section 1241(g) of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(g)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``January'' and all that follows through 
     ``shall'' and inserting ``1 year after the date of enactment 
     of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary, 
     acting through the Chief of the Natural Resources 
     Conservation Service and the Administrator of the Farm 
     Service Agency, shall'';
       (B) by inserting ``annual'' after ``utilize''; and
       (C) by inserting ``relevant data on local natural resource 
     concerns, resource inventories, evaluations and reports, 
     recommendations from State technical committees established 
     under section 1261(a),'' after ``accounting for''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``that the formulas'' and inserting the 
     following: ``that--
       ``(A) the formulas'';
       (B) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated), by striking the 
     period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) to the maximum extent practicable, local natural 
     resource concerns are considered a leading factor in 
     determining annual funding allocation to States;
       ``(C) the process used at the national level to evaluate 
     State budget proposals and to allocate funds is reviewed 
     annually to assess the effect of allocations in addressing 
     identified natural resource priorities and objectives; and
       ``(D) the allocation of funds to States addresses priority 
     natural resource concerns and objectives.''.
       (e) Assistance to Certain Farmers or Ranchers for 
     Conservation Access.--Section 1241(h) of the Food Security 
     Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(h)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses 
     (i) and (ii), respectively, and indenting appropriately;
       (B) in the matter preceding clause (i) (as so 
     redesignated), by striking ``Of the funds'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) Fiscal years 2009 through 2018.--Of the funds''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) Fiscal years 2019 through 2023.--Of the funds made 
     available for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023 to carry 
     out the environmental quality incentives program under 
     subchapter A of chapter 4 of subtitle D and the conservation 
     stewardship program under subchapter B of chapter 4 of 
     subtitle D, the Secretary shall use, to the maximum extent 
     practicable--
       ``(i) 5 percent to assist beginning farmers or ranchers; 
     and
       ``(ii) 5 percent to assist socially disadvantaged farmers 
     or ranchers.'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and, in the case of 
     fiscal years 2019 through 2023, under the conservation 
     stewardship program under subchapter B of chapter 4 of 
     subtitle D'' before the period at the end;
       (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``year, acres not 
     obligated under paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``year through 
     fiscal year 2018, acres not obligated under paragraph 
     (1)(A)''; and
       (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``subparagraph (A) or (B) 
     of paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``, as applicable, clause 
     (i) or (ii) of paragraph (1)(A) or clause (i) or (ii) of 
     paragraph (1)(B)''.
       (f) Conservation Standards and Requirements.--Section 1241 
     of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:
       ``(j) Conservation Standards and Requirements.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to the requirements of this 
     title, the Natural Resources Conservation Service shall serve 
     as the lead agency in developing and establishing technical 
     standards and requirements for conservation programs carried 
     out under this title, including--
       ``(A) standards for conservation practices under this 
     title;
       ``(B) technical guidelines for implementing conservation 
     practices under this title, including the location of the 
     conservation practices; and
       ``(C) standards for conservation plans.
       ``(2) Consistency of farm service agency technical 
     standards and payment rates.--The Administrator of the Farm 
     Service Agency shall ensure that--
       ``(A) technical standards of programs administered by the 
     Farm Service Agency are consistent with the technical 
     standards established by the Natural Resources Conservation 
     Service under paragraph (1); and
       ``(B) payment rates, to the extent practicable, are 
     consistent between the Farm Service Agency and the Natural 
     Resources Conservation Service.''.

     SEC. 2502. DELIVERY OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

       (a) Definitions.--Section 1242(a) of the Food Security Act 
     of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(a)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Eligible participant.--The term `eligible 
     participant' means a producer, landowner, or entity that is 
     participating in, or seeking to participate in, programs in 
     which the producer, landowner, or entity is otherwise 
     eligible to participate under this title or the agricultural 
     management assistance program under section 524(b) of the 
     Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1524(b)).
       ``(2) Third-party provider.--The term `third-party 
     provider' means a commercial entity (including a farmer 
     cooperative, agriculture retailer, or other commercial entity 
     (as defined by the Secretary)), a nonprofit entity, a State 
     or local government (including a conservation district), or a 
     Federal agency, that has expertise in the technical aspect of 
     conservation planning, including nutrient management 
     planning, watershed planning, or environmental 
     engineering.''.
       (b) Certification Process.--Section 1242(e) of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(e)) is amended by adding 
     at the end the following:
       ``(4) Certification process.--The Secretary shall certify a 
     third-party provider through--
       ``(A) a certification process administered by the 
     Secretary, acting through the Chief of the Natural Resources 
     Conservation Service; or
       ``(B) a non-Federal entity approved by the Secretary to 
     perform the certification.
       ``(5) Streamlined certification.--The Secretary shall 
     provide a streamlined certification process for a third-party 
     provider that has an appropriate specialty certification, 
     including a sustainability certification.''.

[[Page H9847]]

       (c) Expedited Revision of Standards.--Section 1242(h) of 
     the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(h)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
     the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, complete a review of 
     each conservation practice standard, including engineering 
     design specifications, in effect on the day before the date 
     of enactment of that Act;'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) evaluate opportunities to increase flexibility in 
     conservation practice standards in a manner that ensures 
     equivalent natural resource benefits.'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``State technical 
     committees established under section 1261(a),'' before ``crop 
     consultants''; and
       (3) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
       ``(3) Expedited revision of standards.--Not later than 1 
     year after the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
     Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary shall develop for the 
     programs under this title an administrative process for--
       ``(A) expediting the establishment and revision of 
     conservation practice standards;
       ``(B) considering conservation innovations and scientific 
     and technological advancements with respect to any 
     establishment or revision under subparagraph (A);
       ``(C) allowing local flexibility in the creation of--
       ``(i) interim practice standards and supplements to 
     existing practice standards to address the considerations 
     described in subparagraph (B); and
       ``(ii) partnership-led proposals for new and innovative 
     techniques to facilitate implementing agreements and grants 
     under this title; and
       ``(D) soliciting regular input from State technical 
     committees established under section 1261(a) for 
     recommendations that identify innovations or advancements 
     described in subparagraph (B).
       ``(4) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, and 
     every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to 
     Congress a report on--
       ``(A) the administrative process developed under paragraph 
     (3);
       ``(B) conservation practice standards that were established 
     or revised under that process; and
       ``(C) conservation innovations that were considered under 
     that process.''.

     SEC. 2503. ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSERVATION 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) Acreage Limitations.--Section 1244(f) of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844(f)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``10'' and inserting 
     ``15''; and
       (2) in paragraph (5), by striking ``the Agricultural Act of 
     2014'' and inserting ``the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
     2018''.
       (b) Requirements for Conservation Programs.--Section 1244 
     of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (m);
       (2) by redesignating subsections (j) through (l) as 
     subsections (k) through (m), respectively; and
       (3) by inserting after subsection (i) the following:
       ``(j) Review and Guidance for Practice Costs and Payment 
     Rates.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, and not 
     later than October 1 of each year thereafter, the Secretary 
     shall--
       ``(A) review the estimates for practice costs and rates of 
     payments made to producers for practices on eligible land 
     under this title; and
       ``(B) evaluate whether those costs and rates reflect a 
     payment that--
       ``(i) encourages participation in a conservation program 
     administered by the Secretary;
       ``(ii) encourages implementation of the most effective 
     practices to address local natural resource concerns on 
     eligible land; and
       ``(iii) accounts for regional, State, and local variability 
     relating to the complexity, implementation, and adoption of 
     practices on eligible land.
       ``(2) Guidance; review.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(A) issue guidance to States to annually review and 
     adjust the estimates for practice costs and rates of payments 
     made to producers to reflect the evaluation factors described 
     in paragraph (1)(B); and
       ``(B) determine the appropriate practice costs and rates of 
     payments for each State by--
       ``(i) annually reviewing each conservation program payment 
     schedule and payment rate used in the State; and
       ``(ii) consulting with the State technical committee 
     established under section 1261(a) in that State.''.
       (c) Funding for Indian Tribes.--Section 1244(m) of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection (b)(2)) 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall'';
       (2) by striking ``that the goals'' and inserting the 
     following: ``that--
       ``(1) the goals'';
       (3) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by striking 
     ``arrangements, and that statutory'' and inserting the 
     following: ``arrangements;
       ``(2) a sufficient number of eligible participants will be 
     aggregated under the alternative funding arrangement to 
     accomplish the underlying purposes and objectives of the 
     applicable program; and
       ``(3) statutory''; and
       (4) in paragraph (3) (as so designated), by striking the 
     period at the end and inserting ``, except that the Secretary 
     may approve a waiver if the Secretary is authorized to 
     approve a waiver under the statutory authority of the 
     applicable program.''.
       (d) Source Water Protection Through Targeting of 
     Agricultural Practices.--Section 1244 of the Food Security 
     Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) (as amended by subsection (b)) 
     is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(n) Source Water Protection Through Targeting of 
     Agricultural Practices.--
       ``(1) In general.--In carrying out any conservation program 
     administered by the Secretary, the Secretary shall encourage 
     practices that relate to water quality and water quantity 
     that protect source water for drinking water (including 
     protecting against public health threats) while also 
     benefitting agricultural producers.
       ``(2) Collaboration with water systems and increased 
     incentives.--
       ``(A) In general.--In encouraging practices under paragraph 
     (1), the Secretary shall--
       ``(i) work collaboratively with community water systems and 
     State technical committees established under section 1261(a) 
     to identify, in each State, local priority areas for the 
     protection of source waters for drinking water; and
       ``(ii) subject to subparagraph (B), for practices described 
     in paragraph (1), offer to producers increased incentives and 
     higher payment rates than are otherwise statutorily 
     authorized by the applicable conservation program 
     administered by the Secretary.
       ``(B) Limitation.--An increased payment under subparagraph 
     (A)(ii) shall not exceed 90 percent of practice costs 
     associated with planning, design, materials, equipment, 
     installation, labor, management, maintenance, or training.
       ``(3) Reservation of funds.--
       ``(A) In general.--In each of fiscal years 2019 through 
     2023, the Secretary shall use to carry out this subsection 
     not less than 10 percent of any funds available for 
     conservation programs administered by the Secretary under 
     this title (other than the conservation reserve program 
     established under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D).
       ``(B) Limitation.--Funds available for a specific 
     conservation program shall not be transferred to fund a 
     different conservation program under this title.''.
       (e) Environmental Services Market.--Section 1244 of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) (as amended by 
     subsection (d)) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(o) Environmental Services Market.--The Secretary may not 
     prohibit, through a contract, easement, or agreement under 
     this title, a participant in a conservation program 
     administered by the Secretary under this title from 
     participating in, and receiving compensation from, an 
     environmental services market if 1 of the purposes of the 
     market is the facilitation of additional conservation 
     benefits that are consistent with the purposes of the 
     conservation program administered by the Secretary.''.
       (f) Regulatory Certainty.--Section 1244 of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) (as amended by 
     subsection (e)) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(p) Regulatory Certainty.--
       ``(1) In general.--In addition to technical and 
     programmatic information that the Secretary is otherwise 
     authorized to provide, on request of a Federal agency, a 
     State, an Indian tribe, or a unit of local government, the 
     Secretary may provide technical and programmatic 
     information--
       ``(A) subject to paragraph (2), to the Federal agency, 
     State, Indian tribe, or unit of local government to support 
     specifically the development of mechanisms that would provide 
     regulatory certainty, regulatory predictability, safe harbor 
     protection, or other similar regulatory assurances to a 
     farmer, rancher, or private nonindustrial forest landowner 
     under a regulatory requirement--
       ``(i) that relates to soil, water, or wildlife; and
       ``(ii) over which that Federal agency, State, Indian tribe, 
     or unit of local government has authority; and
       ``(B) relating to conservation practices or activities that 
     could be implemented by a farmer, rancher, or private 
     nonindustrial forest landowner to address a targeted soil, 
     water, or wildlife resource concern that is the direct 
     subject of a regulatory requirement enforced by that Federal 
     agency, State, Indian tribe, or unit of local government, as 
     applicable.
       ``(2) Mechanisms.--The Secretary shall only provide 
     additional technical and programmatic information under 
     paragraph (1) if the mechanisms to be developed by the 
     Federal agency, State, Indian tribe, or unit of local 
     government, as applicable, under paragraph (1)(A) are 
     anticipated to include, at a minimum--
       ``(A) the implementation of 1 or more conservation 
     practices or activities that effectively addresses the soil, 
     water, or wildlife resource concern identified under 
     paragraph (1);
       ``(B) the on-site confirmation that the applicable 
     conservation practices or activities identified under 
     subparagraph (A) have been implemented;
       ``(C) a plan for a periodic audit, as appropriate, of the 
     continued implementation or maintenance of each of the 
     conservation practices or activities identified under 
     subparagraph (A); and
       ``(D) notification to a farmer, rancher, or private 
     nonindustrial forest landowner of, and an opportunity to 
     correct, any noncompliance with a requirement to obtain 
     regulatory certainty, regulatory predictability, safe harbor 
     protection, or other similar regulatory assurance.
       ``(3) Continuing current collaboration on soil, water, or 
     wildlife conservation practices.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(A) continue collaboration with Federal agencies, States, 
     Indian tribes, or local units of

[[Page H9848]]

     government on existing regulatory certainty, regulatory 
     predictability, safe harbor protection, or other similar 
     regulatory assurances in accordance with paragraph (2); and
       ``(B) continue collaboration with the Secretary of the 
     Interior on consultation under section 7(a)(2) of the 
     Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536(a)(2)) or 
     conference under section 7(a)(4) of that Act (16 U.S.C. 
     1536(a)(4)), as applicable, for wildlife conservation 
     efforts, including the Working Lands for Wildlife model of 
     conservation on working landscapes, as implemented on the day 
     before the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement 
     Act of 2018, in accordance with--
       ``(i) the document entitled `Partnership Agreement Between 
     the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources 
     Conservation Service and the United States Department of the 
     Interior Fish and Wildlife Service', numbered A-3A75-16-937, 
     and formalized by the Chief of the Natural Resources 
     Conservation Service on September 15, 2016, and by the 
     Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service on 
     August 4, 2016, as in effect on September 15, 2016; and
       ``(ii) United States Fish and Wildlife Service Director's 
     Order No. 217, dated August 9, 2016, as in effect on August 
     9, 2016.
       ``(4) Savings clause.--Nothing in this subsection--
       ``(A) preempts, displaces, or supplants any authority or 
     right of a Federal agency, a State, an Indian tribe, or a 
     unit of local government;
       ``(B) modifies or otherwise affects, preempts, or 
     displaces--
       ``(i) any cause of action; or
       ``(ii) a provision of Federal or State law establishing a 
     remedy for a civil or criminal cause of action; or
       ``(C) applies to a case in which the Department of 
     Agriculture is the originating agency requesting a 
     consultation or other technical and programmatic information 
     or assistance from another Federal agency in assisting 
     farmers, ranchers, or nonindustrial private forest landowners 
     participating in a conservation program administered by the 
     Secretary.''.

     SEC. 2504. TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATION OF CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.

       (a) Interim Administration.--Subject to subsection (d), the 
     Secretary shall use the applicable regulations in effect on 
     the day before the date of enactment of this Act, to the 
     extent that the terms and conditions of those regulations are 
     consistent with the amendments made by this title, to carry 
     out the programs under laws as amended by this title, 
     including--
       (1) the conservation reserve program under subchapter B of 
     chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
     of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) (as amended by subtitle B);
       (2) the environmental quality incentives program under 
     subchapter A of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq) (as added 
     by section 2301(a)(1) and amended by subtitle C);
       (3) the conservation stewardship program under subchapter B 
     of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security 
     Act of 1985 (as added by subsections (a)(2) and (b) of 
     section 2301 and amended by subtitle C); and
       (4) the agricultural conservation easement program 
     established under subtitle H of title XII of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865 et seq.) (as amended by 
     subtitle F).
       (b) Regional Conservation Partnership Program.--
     Notwithstanding subsection (e) of section 1271E of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871e) (as amended by section 
     2706), and subject to subsection (d), for fiscal year 2019, 
     the Secretary may use an availability of program funding 
     announcement consistent with the amendments made by subtitle 
     G to carry out the regional conservation partnership program 
     under subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
     1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871 et seq.) without issuing a regulation.
       (c) Funding.--The Secretary may only use funds authorized 
     to be made available by this title or the amendments made by 
     this title for the specific programs described in paragraphs 
     (1) through (4) of subsection (a) and subsection (b), in 
     accordance with any restrictions on the use of those funds, 
     for the purposes described in subsections (a) and (b).
       (d) Termination of Authority.--The authority of the 
     Secretary to carry out subsections (a) and (b) shall 
     terminate on September 30, 2019.
       (e) Permanent Administration.--Effective beginning on the 
     termination date described in subsection (d), the Secretary 
     shall carry out this title and the amendments made by this 
     title in accordance with such final regulations as the 
     Secretary considers necessary to carry out this title and the 
     amendments made by this title.

         Subtitle F--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

     SEC. 2601. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.

       Section 1265(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3865(b)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``that negatively affect 
     the agricultural uses and conservation values'' after ``that 
     land''; and
       (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``restoring and'' and 
     inserting ``restoring or''.

     SEC. 2602. DEFINITIONS.

       Section 1265A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3865a) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph(1)(B), by striking ``subject to an 
     agricultural land easement plan, as approved by the 
     Secretary'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5) as 
     paragraphs (3), (4), (6), and (7), respectively;
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
       ``(2) Buy-protect-sell transaction.--
       ``(A) In general.--The term `buy-protect-sell transaction' 
     means a legal arrangement--
       ``(i) between an eligible entity and the Secretary relating 
     to land that an eligible entity owns or is going to purchase 
     prior to acquisition of an agricultural land easement;
       ``(ii) under which the eligible entity certifies to the 
     Secretary that the eligible entity shall--

       ``(I)(aa) hold an agricultural land easement on that land, 
     but transfer ownership of the land to a farmer or rancher 
     that is not an eligible entity prior to or on acquisition of 
     the agricultural land easement; or
       ``(bb) hold an agricultural land easement on that land, but 
     transfer ownership of the land to a farmer or rancher that is 
     not an eligible entity in a timely manner and, subject to 
     subparagraph (B), not later than 3 years after the date of 
     acquisition of the agricultural land easement; and
       ``(II) make an initial sale of the land subject to the 
     agricultural land easement to a farmer or rancher at not more 
     than agricultural value, plus any reasonable holding and 
     transaction costs incurred by the eligible entity, as 
     determined by the Secretary; and

       ``(iii) under which the Secretary shall be reimbursed for 
     the entirety of the Federal share of the cost of the 
     agricultural land easement by the eligible entity if the 
     eligible entity fails to transfer ownership under item (aa) 
     or (bb), as applicable, of clause (ii)(I).
       ``(B) Time extension.--Under subparagraph (A)(ii)(I)(bb), 
     an eligible entity may transfer land later than 3 years after 
     the date of acquisition of the agricultural land easement if 
     the Secretary determines an extension of time is 
     justified.'';
       (4) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)(i)--
       (i) by striking ``to a'' and inserting the following: 
     ``to--

       ``(I) a'';

       (ii) in subclause (I) (as so designated), by adding ``or'' 
     at the end; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:

       ``(II) a buy-protect-sell transaction;''; and

       (B) in subparagraph (B)(i)(II), by striking ``, as 
     determined by the Secretary in consultation with the 
     Secretary of the Interior at the local level''; and
       (5) by inserting after paragraph (4) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:
       ``(5) Monitoring report.--The term `monitoring report' 
     means a report, the contents of which are formulated and 
     prepared by the holder of an agricultural land easement, that 
     accurately documents whether the land subject to the 
     agricultural land easement is in compliance with the terms 
     and conditions of the agricultural land easement.''.

     SEC. 2603. AGRICULTURAL LAND EASEMENTS.

       (a) Availability of Assistance.--Section 1265B(a) of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(a)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``provide for the 
     conservation of natural resources pursuant to an agricultural 
     land easement plan.'' and inserting ``implement the program, 
     including technical assistance for the development of a 
     conservation plan under subsection (b)(4)(C)(iv); and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) buy-protect-sell transactions.''.
       (b) Cost-share Assistance.--
       (1) Scope of assistance available.--Section 1265B(b)(2) of 
     the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(b)(2)) is 
     amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking clause (ii) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(ii) Grasslands exception.--In the case of grassland of 
     special environmental significance, as determined by the 
     Secretary, the Secretary may provide an amount not to exceed 
     75 percent of the fair market value of the agricultural land 
     easement.
       ``(iii) Permissible forms.--The non-Federal share provided 
     by an eligible entity under this subparagraph may comprise--

       ``(I) cash resources;
       ``(II) a charitable donation or qualified conservation 
     contribution (as defined in section 170(h) of the Internal 
     Revenue Code of 1986) from the private landowner from which 
     the agricultural land easement will be purchased;
       ``(III) costs associated with securing a deed to the 
     agricultural land easement, including the cost of appraisal, 
     survey, inspection, and title; and
       ``(IV) other costs, as determined by the Secretary.''; and

       (B) by striking subparagraph (C).
       (2) Evaluation and ranking of applications.--Section 
     1265B(b)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3865b(b)(3)) is amended--
       (A) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (E); 
     and
       (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following:
       ``(C) Accounting for geographic differences.--The Secretary 
     may adjust the criteria established under subparagraph (A) to 
     account for geographic differences, if the adjustments--
       ``(i) meet the purposes of the program; and
       ``(ii) continue to maximize the benefit of the Federal 
     investment under the program.
       ``(D) Priority.--In evaluating applications under the 
     program, the Secretary may give priority to an application 
     for the purchase of an agricultural land easement that, as 
     determined by the Secretary, maintains agricultural 
     viability.''.
       (3) Agreements with eligible entities.--Section 1265B(b)(4) 
     of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(b)(4)) is 
     amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking clauses (iii) and (iv) 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(iii) include a right of enforcement for the Secretary 
     that--

       ``(I) may be used only if the terms and conditions of the 
     easement are not enforced by the eligible entity; and

[[Page H9849]]

       ``(II) does not extend to a right of inspection unless--

       ``(aa)(AA) the holder of the easement fails to provide 
     monitoring reports in a timely manner; or
       ``(BB) the Secretary has a reasonable and articulable 
     belief that the terms and conditions of the easement have 
     been violated; and
       ``(bb) prior to the inspection, the Secretary notifies the 
     eligible entity and the landowner of the inspection and 
     provides a reasonable opportunity for the eligible entity and 
     the landowner to participate in the inspection;
       ``(iv) include a conservation plan only for any portion of 
     the land subject to the agricultural land easement that is 
     highly erodible cropland; and'';
       (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
     subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; and
       (C) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
       ``(D) Additional permitted terms and conditions.--An 
     eligible entity may include terms and conditions for an 
     agricultural land easement that--
       ``(i) are intended to keep the land subject to the 
     agricultural land easement under the ownership of a farmer or 
     rancher, as determined by the Secretary;
       ``(ii) allow subsurface mineral development on the land 
     subject to the agricultural land easement and in accordance 
     with applicable State law if, as determined by the 
     Secretary--

       ``(I) the subsurface mineral development--

       ``(aa) has a limited and localized impact;
       ``(bb) does not harm the agricultural use and conservation 
     values of the land subject to the easement;
       ``(cc) does not materially alter or affect the existing 
     topography;
       ``(dd) shall comply with a subsurface mineral development 
     plan that--
       ``(AA) includes a plan for the remediation of impacts to 
     the agricultural use and conservation values of the land 
     subject to the easement; and
       ``(BB) is approved by the Secretary prior to the initiation 
     of mineral development activity;
       ``(ee) is not accomplished by any surface mining method;
       ``(ff) is within the impervious surface limits of the 
     easement under subparagraph (C)(v); and
       ``(gg) uses practices and technologies that minimize the 
     duration and intensity of impacts to the agricultural use and 
     conservation values of the land subject to the easement; and

       ``(II) each area impacted by the subsurface mineral 
     development shall be reclaimed and restored by the holder of 
     the mineral rights at cessation of operation; and

       ``(iii) include other relevant activities relating to the 
     agricultural land easement, as determined by the 
     Secretary.''.
       (4) Certification of eligible entities.--Section 
     1265B(b)(5) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3865b(b)(5)) is amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (ii) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iv) allow a certified eligible entity to use its own 
     terms and conditions, notwithstanding paragraph (4)(C), as 
     long as the terms and conditions are consistent with the 
     purposes of the program.''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) in clause (iii), by redesignating subclauses (I) 
     through (III) as items (aa) through (cc), respectively, and 
     indenting appropriately;
       (ii) by redesignating clauses (i) through (iii) as 
     subclauses (I) through (III), respectively, and indenting 
     appropriately;
       (iii) in the matter preceding subclause (I) (as so 
     redesignated), by striking ``entity will'' and inserting the 
     following: ``eligible entity--
       ``(i) will'';
       (iv) in clause (i)(III)(cc) (as so redesignated), by 
     striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
       (v) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(ii) has--

       ``(I) been accredited by the Land Trust Accreditation 
     Commission, or by an equivalent accrediting body, as 
     determined by the Secretary;
       ``(II) acquired not fewer than 10 agricultural land 
     easements under the program or any predecessor program; and
       ``(III) successfully met the responsibilities of the 
     eligible entity under the applicable agreements with the 
     Secretary, as determined by the Secretary, relating to 
     agricultural land easements that the eligible entity has 
     acquired under the program or any predecessor program; or

       ``(iii) is a State department of agriculture or other State 
     agency with statutory authority for farm and ranchland 
     protection that has--

       ``(I) acquired not fewer than 10 agricultural land 
     easements under the program or any predecessor program; and
       ``(II) successfully met the responsibilities of the 
     eligible entity under the applicable agreements with the 
     Secretary, as determined by the Secretary, relating to 
     agricultural land easements that the eligible entity has 
     acquired under the program or any predecessor program.''.

       (5) Technical assistance.--Section 1265B of the Food 
     Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b) is amended by striking 
     subsection (d) and inserting the following:
       ``(d) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may provide 
     technical assistance, if requested, to assist in compliance 
     with the terms and conditions of easements.''.

     SEC. 2604. WETLAND RESERVE EASEMENTS.

       Section 1265C of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3865c) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (3)(C), by inserting ``or improving water 
     quality'' before the period at the end; and
       (B) in paragraph (5)--
       (i) in subparagraph (C)--

       (I) by striking ``Land subject'' and inserting the 
     following:

       ``(i) In general.--Land subject'';

       (II) in clause (i) (as so designated), by inserting ``water 
     management,'' after ``timber harvest,''; and
       (III) by adding at the end the following:

       ``(ii) Compatible use authorization.--In evaluating and 
     authorizing a compatible economic use under clause (i), the 
     Secretary shall--

       ``(I) request and consider the advice of the applicable 
     State technical committee established under section 1261(a) 
     about the 1 or more types of uses that may be authorized to 
     be conducted on land subject to a wetland reserve easement, 
     including the frequency, timing, and intensity of those uses;
       ``(II) consider the ability of an authorized use to 
     facilitate the practical administration and management of 
     that land; and
       ``(III) ensure that an authorized use furthers the 
     functions and values for which the wetland reserve easement 
     was established.''; and

       (ii) in subparagraph (D)(i)(III), by inserting after 
     ``under subsection (f)'' the following: ``or a grazing 
     management plan that is consistent with the wetland reserve 
     easement plan and has been reviewed, and modified as 
     necessary, at least every 5 years''; and
       (2) in subsection (f)--
       (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
       ``(1) Wetland reserve easement plan.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall develop a wetland 
     reserve easement plan--
       ``(i) for any eligible land subject to a wetland reserve 
     easement; and
       ``(ii) that restores, protects, enhances, manages, 
     maintains, and monitors the eligible land subject to the 
     wetland reserve easements acquired under this section.
       ``(B) Practices and activities.--A wetland reserve easement 
     plan under subparagraph (A) shall include practices and 
     activities, including repair or replacement, that are 
     necessary to restore and maintain the enrolled land and the 
     functions and values of the wetland subject to a wetland 
     reserve easement.'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
     (3) and (4), respectively; and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
       ``(2) Alternative plant communities.--The Secretary, in 
     coordination with State technical committees established 
     under section 1261(a) and pursuant to State-specific criteria 
     and guidelines, may authorize the establishment or 
     restoration of a hydrologically appropriate native community 
     or alternative naturalized vegetative community as part of a 
     wetland reserve easement plan on land subject to a wetland 
     reserve easement if that hydrologically appropriate native or 
     alternative naturalized vegetative community shall--
       ``(A) substantially support or benefit migratory waterfowl 
     or other wetland wildlife; or
       ``(B) meet local resource concerns or needs (including as 
     an element of a regional, State, or local wildlife initiative 
     or plan).''.

     SEC. 2605. ADMINISTRATION.

       Section 1265D of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3865d) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (a)(4), by striking ``proposed'' and 
     inserting ``permitted'';
       (2) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
       ``(c) Subordination, Exchange, Modification, and 
     Termination.--
       ``(1) Subordination.--The Secretary may subordinate any 
     interest in land, or portion of such interest, administered 
     by the Secretary (including for the purposes of utilities and 
     energy transmission services) either directly or on behalf of 
     the Commodity Credit Corporation under the program if the 
     Secretary determines that the subordination--
       ``(A) increases conservation values or has a limited 
     negative effect on conservation values;
       ``(B) minimally affects the acreage subject to the interest 
     in land; and
       ``(C) is in the public interest or furthers the practical 
     administration of the program.
       ``(2) Modification and exchange.--
       ``(A) Authority.--The Secretary may approve a modification 
     or exchange of any interest in land, or portion of such 
     interest, administered by the Secretary, either directly or 
     on behalf of the Commodity Credit Corporation under the 
     program if the Secretary determines that--
       ``(i) no reasonable alternative exists and the effect on 
     the interest in land is avoided or minimized to the extent 
     practicable; and
       ``(ii) the modification or exchange--

       ``(I) results in equal or increased conservation values;
       ``(II) results in equal or greater economic value to the 
     United States;
       ``(III) is consistent with the original intent of the 
     easement;
       ``(IV) is consistent with the purposes of the program; and
       ``(V) is in the public interest or furthers the practical 
     administration of the program.

       ``(B) Limitation.--In modifying or exchanging an interest 
     in land, or portion of such interest, under this paragraph, 
     the Secretary may not increase any payment to an eligible 
     entity.
       ``(3) Termination.--The Secretary may approve a termination 
     of any interest in land, or portion of such interest, 
     administered by the Secretary, directly or on behalf of the 
     Commodity Credit Corporation under the program if the 
     Secretary determines that--
       ``(A) termination is in the interest of the Federal 
     Government;
       ``(B) the United States will be fully compensated for--

[[Page H9850]]

       ``(i) the fair market value of the interest in land;
       ``(ii) any costs relating to the termination; and
       ``(iii) any damages determined appropriate by the 
     Secretary; and
       ``(C) the termination will--
       ``(i) address a compelling public need for which there is 
     no practicable alternative even with avoidance and 
     minimization; and
       ``(ii) further the practical administration of the program.
       ``(4) Consent.--The Secretary shall obtain consent from the 
     landowner and eligible entity, if applicable, for any 
     subordination, exchange, modification, or termination of 
     interest in land, or portion of such interest, under this 
     subsection.
       ``(5) Notice.--At least 90 days before taking any 
     termination action described in paragraph (3), the Secretary 
     shall provide written notice of such action to the Committee 
     on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
     Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
     Senate.''; and
       (3) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``transferred into the 
     program'' and inserting ``enrolled in an easement under 
     section 1265C(b)''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Agricultural land easements.--A farmer or rancher who 
     owns eligible land subject to an agricultural land easement 
     may enter into a contract under subchapter B of chapter 1 of 
     subtitle D.''.

         Subtitle G--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

     SEC. 2701. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.

       Section 1271 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3871) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including 
     partnership agreements funded through alternative funding 
     arrangements or grant agreements under section 1271C(d),'' 
     after ``partnership agreements''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``contracts with 
     producers'' and inserting ``program contracts with 
     producers''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
     (A), by striking ``use covered programs'' and inserting 
     ``carry out eligible activities'';
       (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
       ``(2) To further the conservation, protection, restoration, 
     and sustainable use of soil, water (including sources of 
     drinking water and groundwater), wildlife, agricultural land, 
     and related natural resources on eligible land on a regional 
     or watershed scale.'';
       (C) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, including through 
     alignment of partnership projects with other national, State, 
     and local agencies and programs addressing similar natural 
     resource or environmental concerns'' after ``eligible land''; 
     and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``installation'' and 
     inserting ``adoption, installation,''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) To encourage the flexible and streamlined delivery of 
     conservation assistance to producers through partnership 
     agreements.
       ``(5) To engage producers and eligible partners in 
     conservation projects to achieve greater conservation 
     outcomes and benefits for producers than would otherwise be 
     achieved.''.

     SEC. 2702. DEFINITIONS.

       Section 1271A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3871a) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``, not including the 
     grassland conservation initiative under section 1240L-1'' 
     before the period at the end; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(E) The conservation reserve program established under 
     subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D.
       ``(F) The programs established by the Secretary to carry 
     out the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 
     U.S.C. 1001 et seq.), except for any program established by 
     the Secretary to carry out section 14 (16 U.S.C. 1012) of 
     that Act.'';
       (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(2) Eligible activity.--The term `eligible activity' 
     means a practice, activity, agreement, easement, or related 
     conservation measure that is available under the statutory 
     authority for a covered program.
       ``(3) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' means any 
     agricultural or nonindustrial private forest land or 
     associated land on which the Secretary determines an eligible 
     activity would help achieve conservation benefits.'';
       (3) in paragraph (4)--
       (A) in subparagraph (E), by inserting ``acequia,'' after 
     ``irrigation district,''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(I) An organization described in section 1265A(3)(B).
       ``(J) A conservation district.'';
       (4) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
       ``(5) Partnership agreement.--The term `partnership 
     agreement' means the programmatic agreement entered into 
     between the Secretary and an eligible partner, subject to the 
     terms and conditions under section 1271B.''; and
       (5) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(7) Program contract.--
       ``(A) In general.--The term `program contract' means the 
     contract between the Secretary and a producer entered into 
     under this subtitle.
       ``(B) Exclusion.--The term `program contract' does not 
     include a contract under a covered program.''.

     SEC. 2703. REGIONAL CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIPS.

       Section 1271B of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3871b) is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
       ``(b) Length.--
       ``(1) In general.--A partnership agreement shall be--
       ``(A) for a period not to exceed 5 years; or
       ``(B) for a period that is longer than 5 years, if the 
     longer period is necessary to meet the objectives of the 
     program, as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(2) Renewal.--A partnership agreement may be renewed 
     under subsection (e)(5) for a period not to exceed 5 years.
       ``(3) Extension.--A partnership agreement, or any renewal 
     of a partnership agreement, may each be extended 1 time for a 
     period not longer than 12 months, as determined by the 
     Secretary.'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) by redesignating clauses (iii) and (iv) as clauses (iv) 
     and (v), respectively; and
       (II) by striking clauses (i) and (ii) and inserting the 
     following:

       ``(i) 1 or more conservation benefits that the project 
     shall achieve;
       ``(ii) the eligible activities on eligible land to be 
     conducted under the project to achieve conservation benefits;
       ``(iii) the implementation timeline for carrying out the 
     project, including any interim milestones;'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``funds'' and 
     inserting ``contributions''; and
       (iii) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``of the project's 
     effects; and'' and inserting the following: ``of--
       ``(i) the progress made by the project in achieving each 
     conservation benefit defined in the partnership agreement, 
     including in a quantified form to the extent practicable; and
       ``(ii) as appropriate, other outcomes of the project; 
     and''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by striking ``An eligible'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) In general.--An eligible''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) Form.--A contribution of an eligible partner under 
     this paragraph may be in the form of--
       ``(i) direct funding;
       ``(ii) in-kind support; or
       ``(iii) a combination of direct funding and in-kind 
     support.
       ``(C) Treatment.--Any amounts expended during the period 
     beginning on the date on which the Secretary announces the 
     approval of an application under subsection (e) and ending on 
     the day before the effective date of the partnership 
     agreement by an eligible partner for staff salaries or 
     development of the partnership agreement may be considered to 
     be a part of the contribution of the eligible partner under 
     this paragraph.'';
       (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e);
       (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
       ``(d) Duties of Secretary.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(1) establish a timeline for carrying out the duties of 
     the Secretary under a partnership agreement, including--
       ``(A) entering into program contracts with producers;
       ``(B) providing financial assistance to producers; and
       ``(C) in the case of a partnership agreement that is funded 
     through an alternative funding arrangement or grant agreement 
     under section 1271C(d), providing the payments to the 
     eligible partner for carrying out eligible activities;
       ``(2) identify in each State a program coordinator for the 
     State, who shall be responsible for providing assistance to 
     eligible partners under the program;
       ``(3) establish guidance to assist eligible partners with 
     carrying out the assessment required under subsection 
     (c)(1)(E);
       ``(4) provide to each eligible partner that has entered 
     into a partnership agreement that is not funded through an 
     alternative funding arrangement or grant agreement under 
     section 1271C(d)--
       ``(A) a semiannual report describing the status of each 
     pending and obligated contract under the project of the 
     eligible partner; and
       ``(B) an annual report describing how the Secretary used 
     amounts reserved by the Secretary for that year for technical 
     assistance under section 1271D(f); and
       ``(5) ensure that any eligible activity effectively 
     achieves the conservation benefits identified in the 
     partnership agreement under subsection (c)(1)(A)(i).'';
       (5) in subsection (e) (as redesignated by paragraph (3))--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``simplified'' after 
     ``conduct a'';
       (B) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) by striking the paragraph designation and heading and 
     all that follows through ``description of--'' and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(3) Contents.--The Secretary shall develop a simplified 
     application that includes a description of--'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``, including the 
     covered programs to be used''; and
       (iii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``financial'';
       (C) in paragraph (4)--
       (i) by striking subparagraph (D);
       (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
     subparagraphs (G) and (H), respectively; and
       (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:

[[Page H9851]]

       ``(D) build new partnerships with local, State, and private 
     entities to include a diversity of stakeholders in the 
     project;
       ``(E) deliver a high percentage of applied conservation--
       ``(i) to achieve conservation benefits; or
       ``(ii) in the case of a project in a critical conservation 
     area under section 1271F, to address the priority resource 
     concern for that critical conservation area;
       ``(F) implement the project consistent with existing 
     watershed, habitat, or other area restoration plans;''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) Renewals.--If the Secretary determines that a project 
     that is the subject of a partnership agreement has met or 
     exceeded the objectives of the project, the Secretary may 
     renew the partnership agreement through an expedited 
     noncompetitive process if the 1 or more eligible partners 
     that are parties to the partnership agreement request the 
     renewal in order--
       ``(A) to continue to implement the project under a renewal 
     of the partnership agreement; or
       ``(B) to expand the scope of the project under a renewal of 
     the partnership agreement, as long as the expansion is within 
     the objectives and purposes of the original partnership 
     agreement.''; and
       (6) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Nonapplicability of Adjusted Gross Income 
     Limitation.--The adjusted gross income limitation described 
     in section 1001D(b)(1) shall not apply to an eligible partner 
     under the program.''.

     SEC. 2704. ASSISTANCE TO PRODUCERS.

       Section 1271C of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3871c) is amended--
       (1) by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(a) In General.--A producer may receive financial or 
     technical assistance to conduct eligible activities on 
     eligible land through a program contract entered into with 
     the Secretary.
       ``(b) Program Contracts.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a program 
     contract to be entered into with a producer to conduct 
     eligible activities on eligible land, subject to such terms 
     and conditions as the Secretary may establish.
       ``(2) Application bundles.--
       ``(A) In general.--An eligible partner may submit to the 
     Secretary, on behalf of producers, a bundle of applications 
     for assistance under the program through program contracts to 
     address a substantial portion of the conservation benefits to 
     be achieved by the project, as defined in the partnership 
     agreement.
       ``(B) Priority.--The Secretary may give priority to 
     applications described in subparagraph (A).'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``In accordance with 
     statutory requirements of the covered programs involved, the 
     Secretary may make payments to a producer'' and inserting 
     ``Subject to section 1271D, the Secretary may make payments 
     to a producer''; and
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``participating''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(d) Funding Through Alternative Funding Arrangements or 
     Grant Agreements.--
       ``(1) In general.--A partnership agreement entered into 
     with an eligible partner may be funded through an alternative 
     funding arrangement or grant in accordance with this 
     subsection.
       ``(2) Duties of the secretary.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(A) under a funding agreement under paragraph (1)--
       ``(i) use funding made available to carry out this subtitle 
     to provide funding directly to the eligible partner; and
       ``(ii) provide technical and administrative assistance, as 
     mutually agreed by the parties; and
       ``(B) enter into not more than 15 alternative funding 
     arrangements or grant agreements with 1 or more eligible 
     partners each fiscal year.
       ``(3) Duties of eligible partners.--Under a funding 
     agreement under paragraph (1), the eligible partner shall--
       ``(A) carry out eligible activities on eligible land in 
     agreement with producers to achieve conservation benefits on 
     a regional or watershed scale, such as--
       ``(i) infrastructure investments relating to agricultural 
     or nonindustrial private forest production that would--

       ``(I) benefit multiple producers; and
       ``(II) address natural resource concerns such as drought, 
     wildfire, or water quality impairment on the land covered by 
     the project;

       ``(ii) projects addressing natural resources concerns in 
     coordination with producers, including the development and 
     implementation of watershed, habitat, or other area 
     restoration plans;
       ``(iii) projects that use innovative approaches to 
     leveraging the Federal investment in conservation with 
     private financial mechanisms, in conjunction with 
     agricultural production or forest resource management, such 
     as--

       ``(I) the provision of performance-based payments to 
     producers; and
       ``(II) support for an environmental market; or

       ``(iv) other projects for which the Secretary determines 
     that the goals and objectives of the program would be easier 
     to achieve through the funding agreement under paragraph (1); 
     and
       ``(B) submit to the Secretary, in addition to any 
     information that the Secretary requires to prepare the report 
     under section 1271E(b), an annual report that describes the 
     status of the project, including a description of--
       ``(i) the use of the funds awarded under paragraph (1);
       ``(ii) any subcontracts awarded;
       ``(iii) the producers receiving funding through the funding 
     agreement under paragraph (1);
       ``(iv)(I) the progress made by the project in addressing 
     each natural resource concern defined in the funding 
     agreement under paragraph (1), including in a quantified form 
     to the extent practicable; and
       ``(II) as appropriate, other outcomes of the project; and
       ``(v) any other reporting data the Secretary determines are 
     necessary to ensure compliance with the program rules.''.

     SEC. 2705. FUNDING.

       Section 1271D of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3871d) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``$100,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$300,000,000''; and
       (B) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 
     through 2023'';
       (2) by striking subsection (c);
       (3) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
     (c) and (d), respectively;
       (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``and acres''; and
       (ii) by striking ``and reserved for the program under 
     subsection (c)'';
       (B) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``25 percent of the funds and acres to 
     projects based on a State competitive process administered by 
     the State Conservationist, with the advice of the State 
     technical committee'' and inserting ``50 percent of the funds 
     to projects based on a State or multistate competitive 
     process administered by the Secretary at the local level with 
     the advice of the applicable State technical committees''; 
     and
       (ii) by adding ``and'' after the semicolon;
       (C) by striking paragraph (2);
       (D) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2); and
       (E) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by striking ``35 
     percent of the funds and acres'' and inserting ``50 percent 
     of the funds'';
       (5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) by striking ``None of the funds made available or 
     reserved for the program'' and inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
     none of the funds made available for the program, including 
     for a partnership agreement funded through an alternative 
     funding arrangement or grant agreement under section 
     1271C(d),''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Project development and outreach.--Under a 
     partnership agreement that is not funded through an 
     alternative funding arrangement or grant agreement under 
     section 1271C(d), the Secretary may advance reasonable 
     amounts of funding for not longer than 90 days for technical 
     assistance to eligible partners to conduct project 
     development and outreach activities in a project area, 
     including--
       ``(A) providing outreach and education to producers for 
     potential participation in the project;
       ``(B) establishing baseline metrics to support the 
     development of the assessment required under section 
     1271B(c)(1)(E); or
       ``(C) providing technical assistance to producers.''; and
       (6) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(e) Technical Assistance.--
       ``(1) In general.--At the time of project selection, the 
     Secretary shall identify and make publicly available the 
     amount that the Secretary shall use to provide technical 
     assistance under the terms of the partnership agreement.
       ``(2) Limitation.--The Secretary shall limit costs of the 
     Secretary for technical assistance to costs specific and 
     necessary to carry out the objectives of the program.
       ``(3) Third-party providers.--The Secretary shall develop 
     and implement strategies to encourage third-party technical 
     service providers to provide technical assistance to eligible 
     partners pursuant to a partnership agreement.''.

     SEC. 2706. ADMINISTRATION.

       Section 1271E of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3871e) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``1271B(d)'' each place 
     it appears and inserting ``1271B(e)'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``December 31, 2014'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
     paragraphs (2) through (5), respectively;
       (C) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:
       ``(1) a summary of--
       ``(A) the progress made towards achieving the conservation 
     benefits defined for the projects; and
       ``(B) any other related outcomes of the projects;'';
       (D) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``and'' at the end;
       (E) in paragraph (5) (as so redesignated)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``1271C(b)(2)'' and inserting ``1271C(d)''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (F) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(6) in the case of a project within a critical 
     conservation area under section 1271F, the status of each 
     priority resource concern for each designated critical 
     conservation area, including--
       ``(A) the priority resource concerns for which each 
     critical conservation area is designated;
       ``(B) conservation goals and outcomes sufficient to 
     demonstrate that progress is being made to address the 
     priority resource concerns;
       ``(C) the partnership agreements selected to address each 
     conservation goal and outcome; and
       ``(D) the extent to which each conservation goal and 
     outcome is being addressed by the partnership agreements.''; 
     and

[[Page H9852]]

       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(c) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--The Secretary 
     may not provide assistance under the program to a producer 
     unless the producer agrees, during the program year for which 
     the assistance is provided--
       ``(1) to comply with applicable conservation requirements 
     under subtitle B; and
       ``(2) to comply with applicable wetland protection 
     requirements under subtitle C.
       ``(d) Historically Underserved Producers.--To the maximum 
     extent practicable, in carrying out the program, the 
     Secretary and eligible partners shall conduct outreach to 
     beginning farmers and ranchers, veteran farmers and ranchers, 
     socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers, and limited 
     resource farmers and ranchers to encourage participation by 
     those producers in a project subject to a partnership 
     agreement or funding agreement under 1271C(d).
       ``(e) Regulations.--The Secretary shall issue regulations 
     to carry out the program.''.

     SEC. 2707. CRITICAL CONSERVATION AREAS.

       Section 1271F of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3871f) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (a), (b), and (c) as 
     subsections (b), (c), and (e), respectively;
       (2) by inserting before subsection (b) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:
       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Critical conservation area.--The term `critical 
     conservation area' means a geographical area that contains a 
     critical conservation condition that can be addressed through 
     the program.
       ``(2) Priority resource concern.--The term `priority 
     resource concern' means a natural resource concern located in 
     a critical conservation area that can be addressed through--
       ``(A) water quality improvement, including through reducing 
     erosion, promoting sediment control, and addressing nutrient 
     management activities affecting large bodies of water of 
     regional, national, or international significance;
       ``(B) water quantity improvement, including improvement 
     relating to--
       ``(i) drought;
       ``(ii) groundwater, surface water, aquifer, or other water 
     sources; or
       ``(iii) water retention and flood prevention;
       ``(C) wildlife habitat restoration to address species of 
     concern at a Federal, State, or local level; and
       ``(D) other natural resource improvements, as determined by 
     the Secretary, within the critical conservation area.'';
       (3) in subsection (b) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) by striking ``(b) In General.--'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(b) Applications.--'';
       (B) by striking ``1271D(d)(3)'' and inserting 
     ``1271D(d)(2)'';
       (C) by striking ``producer'' and inserting ``program''; and
       (D) by inserting ``that address 1 or more priority resource 
     concerns for which the critical conservation area is 
     designated'' before the period at the end;
       (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (3) as 
     paragraphs (2) through (4), respectively;
       (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall identify 1 or more 
     priority resource concerns that apply to each critical 
     conservation area designated under this section after the 
     date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 
     113-79; 128 Stat. 649), including the conservation goals and 
     outcomes sufficient to demonstrate that progress is being 
     made to address the priority resource concern.'';
       (C) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated)--
       (i) by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(C) contains 1 or more priority resource concerns; or''; 
     and
       (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (D); 
     and
       (D) by striking paragraph (3) (as so redesignated) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(3) Review and withdrawal.--The Secretary may--
       ``(A) review designations of critical conservation areas 
     under this section not more frequently than once every 5 
     years; and
       ``(B) withdraw designation of a critical conservation area 
     only if the Secretary determines that the area is no longer a 
     critical conservation area.'';
       (5) by inserting after subsection (c) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:
       ``(d) Outreach to Eligible Partners and Producers.--The 
     Secretary shall provide outreach and education to eligible 
     partners and producers in critical conservation areas 
     designated under this section to encourage the development of 
     projects to address each priority resource concern identified 
     by the Secretary for that critical conservation area.''; and
       (6) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``producer'' and 
     inserting ``program''; and
       (B) by striking paragraph (3).

              Subtitle H--Repeals and Technical Amendments

                            PART I--REPEALS

     SEC. 2811. REPEAL OF CONSERVATION CORRIDOR DEMONSTRATION 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Subtitle G of title II of the Farm 
     Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (16 U.S.C. 3801 
     note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5059 of the Water 
     Resources Development Act of 2007 (16 U.S.C. 3801 note; 
     Public Law 110-114) is repealed.

     SEC. 2812. REPEAL OF CRANBERRY ACREAGE RESERVE PROGRAM.

       Section 10608 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
     of 2002 (16 U.S.C. 3801 note; Public Law 107-171) is 
     repealed.

     SEC. 2813. REPEAL OF NATIONAL NATURAL RESOURCES FOUNDATION.

       Subtitle F of title III of the Federal Agriculture 
     Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (16 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.) 
     is repealed.

     SEC. 2814. REPEAL OF FLOOD RISK REDUCTION.

       Section 385 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
     Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7334) is repealed.

     SEC. 2815. REPEAL OF STUDY OF LAND USE FOR EXPIRING CONTRACTS 
                   AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY.

       Section 1437 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (16 U.S.C. 3831 note; Public Law 101-624) 
     is repealed.

     SEC. 2816. REPEAL OF INTEGRATED FARM MANAGEMENT PROGRAM 
                   OPTION.

       Section 1451 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5822) is repealed.

     SEC. 2817. REPEAL OF CLARIFICATION OF DEFINITION OF 
                   AGRICULTURAL LANDS.

       Section 325 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
     Reform Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-127; 110 Stat. 992) is 
     repealed.

                     PART II--TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS

     SEC. 2821. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

       (a) Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act.--Section 
     5(4) of the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 
     U.S.C. 1005(4)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``goodwater'' and inserting ``floodwater''; 
     and
       (2) by striking ``Secretary of Health, Education, and 
     Welfare'' each place it appears and inserting ``Secretary of 
     Health and Human Services''.
       (b) Delineation of Wetlands; Exemptions.--Section 1222(j) 
     of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3822(j)) is 
     amended by striking ``National Resources Conservation 
     Service'' and inserting ``Natural Resources Conservation 
     Service''.
       (c) Farmable Wetland Program.--Section 1231B(b)(2)(A)(i) of 
     the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(b)(2)(A)(i)) 
     is amended by adding a semicolon at the end.
       (d) Terminal Lakes Assistance.--Section 2507 of the Farm 
     Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-
     6) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (e)--
       (A) by striking paragraph (1);
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (1); and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) No additional funds.--
       ``(A) In general.--Nothing in this section authorizes any 
     additional funds to carry out this section.
       ``(B) Availability of funds.--Any funds made available to 
     carry out this section before the date of enactment of the 
     Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 may remain available 
     until expended.''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Termination of Authority.--The authority provided by 
     this section shall terminate on October 1, 2023.''.
       (e) Delivery of Technical Assistance.--Section 1242 of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842) is amended by 
     striking ``third party'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``third-party''.
       (f) Administrative Requirements for Conservation 
     Programs.--Section 1244(b)(4)(B) of the Food Security Act of 
     1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844(b)(4)(B)) is amended by striking 
     ``General Accounting Office'' and inserting ``Government 
     Accountability Office''.

     SEC. 2822. STATE TECHNICAL COMMITTEES.

       (a) Standards.--Section 1261(b)(2) of the Food Security Act 
     of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3861(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``under 
     section 1262(b)''.
       (b) Composition.--Section 1261(c) of the Food Security Act 
     of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3861(c)) is amended by adding at the end 
     the following:
       ``(14) The State Cooperative Extension Service and land 
     grant university in the State.''.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

     SEC. 3101. LABELING REQUIREMENTS.

       Section 202(g) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(g)) 
     is amended to read as follows:
       ``(g) Labeling of Assistance.--Agricultural commodities and 
     other assistance provided under this title shall, to the 
     extent practicable, be clearly identified with appropriate 
     markings on the package or container of such agricultural 
     commodities or food procured outside of the United States, or 
     on printed material that accompanies other assistance, in the 
     language of the locality in which such commodities and other 
     assistance are distributed, as being furnished by the people 
     of the United States of America.''.

     SEC. 3102. FOOD AID QUALITY ASSURANCE.

       Section 202(h)(3) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
     1722(h)(3)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 3103. LOCAL SALE AND BARTER OF COMMODITIES.

       Section 203 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1723) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``to generate proceeds 
     to be used as provided in this section'' before the period at 
     the end;
       (2) by striking subsection (b); and
       (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (b) and (c), respectively.

     SEC. 3104. MINIMUM LEVELS OF ASSISTANCE.

       Section 204(a) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1724(a)) 
     is amended in paragraphs (1) and (2) by striking ``2018'' 
     both places it appears and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 3105. FOOD AID CONSULTATIVE GROUP.

       Section 205 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1725) is 
     amended--

[[Page H9853]]

       (1) in subsection (d)(1), in the first sentence, by 
     striking ``45'' and inserting ``30''; and
       (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 3106. ISSUANCE OF REGULATIONS.

       Section 207(c)(1) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
     1726a(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``the Agricultural Act of 
     2014''and inserting ``the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
     2018''.

     SEC. 3107. OVERSIGHT, MONITORING, AND EVALUATION.

       Section 207(f)(4) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
     1726a(f)(4)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A)--
       (A) by striking ``$17,000,000'' and inserting ``1.5 
     percent, but not less than $17,000,000,''; and
       (B) by striking ``2018'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``2023''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (B)--
       (A) in clause (i), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''; and
       (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``chapter 1 of part I of''.

     SEC. 3108. ASSISTANCE FOR STOCKPILING AND RAPID 
                   TRANSPORTATION, DELIVERY, AND DISTRIBUTION OF 
                   SHELF-STABLE PREPACKAGED FOODS.

       Section 208 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726b) is 
     amended--
       (1) by amending the section heading to read as follows: 
     ``international food relief partnership.''; and
       (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 3109. CONSIDERATION OF IMPACT OF PROVISION OF 
                   AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES AND OTHER ASSISTANCE 
                   ON LOCAL FARMERS AND ECONOMY.

       (a) Inclusion of All Modalities.--Section 403(a) of the 
     Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(a)) is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``, 
     food procured outside of the United States, food voucher, or 
     cash transfer for food'' after ``agricultural commodity'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``in the case of the 
     provision of an agricultural commodity,'' before 
     ``adequate''; and
       (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commodity'' and 
     inserting ``agricultural commodity or use of the food 
     procured outside of the United States, food voucher, or cash 
     transfer for food''.
       (b) Avoidance of Disruptive Impact.--Section 403(b) of the 
     Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(b)) is amended--
       (1) in the first sentence, by inserting ``, the use of food 
     procured outside of the United States, food vouchers, and 
     cash transfers for food,'' after ``agricultural 
     commodities''; and
       (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``of sales of 
     agricultural commodities''.

     SEC. 3110. ALLOWANCE FOR DISTRIBUTION COSTS.

       Section 406(b)(6) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
     1736(b)(6)) is amended by striking ``and distribution costs'' 
     and inserting ``, distribution, and program implementation 
     costs to use the commodities''.

     SEC. 3111. PREPOSITIONING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES.

       Section 407(c)(4)(A) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
     1736a(c)(4)(A)) is amended by striking ``2018'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 3112. ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING FOOD AID PROGRAMS AND 
                   ACTIVITIES.

       (a) In General.--Section 407(f) of the Food for Peace Act 
     (7 U.S.C. 1736a(f)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(f) Annual Report Regarding Food Aid Programs and 
     Activities.--
       ``(1) Annual report.--Not later than April 1 of each fiscal 
     year, the Administrator and the Secretary shall jointly, or 
     each separately, prepare and submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress a report regarding each program and 
     activity carried out under this Act by the Administrator, the 
     Secretary, or both, as applicable, during the prior fiscal 
     year.
       ``(2) Contents.--An annual report described in paragraph 
     (1) shall include, with respect to the prior fiscal year, the 
     following:
       ``(A) A list that contains a description of each country 
     and organization that receives food and other assistance 
     under this Act (including the quantity of food and assistance 
     provided to each country and organization).
       ``(B) A general description of each project and activity 
     implemented under this Act (including each activity funded 
     through the use of local currencies) and the total number of 
     beneficiaries of the project.
       ``(C) A statement describing the quantity of agricultural 
     commodities made available to, and the total number of 
     beneficiaries in, each country pursuant to--
       ``(i) this Act;
       ``(ii) section 416(b) of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 
     U.S.C. 1431(b));
       ``(iii) the Food for Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o); 
     and
       ``(iv) the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education 
     and Child Nutrition Program established by section 3107 of 
     the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 
     1736o-1).
       ``(D) An assessment of the progress made through programs 
     under this Act towards reducing food insecurity in the 
     populations receiving food assistance from the United States.
       ``(E) A description of efforts undertaken by the Food Aid 
     Consultative Group under section 205 to achieve an integrated 
     and effective food assistance program.
       ``(F) An assessment of--
       ``(i) each program oversight, monitoring, and evaluation 
     system implemented under section 207(f); and
       ``(ii) the impact of each program oversight, monitoring, 
     and evaluation system on the effectiveness and efficiency of 
     assistance provided under this title.
       ``(G) An assessment of the progress made by the 
     Administrator in addressing issues relating to quality with 
     respect to the provision of food assistance.
       ``(H) A statement of the amount of funds (including funds 
     for administrative costs, indirect cost recovery, internal 
     transportation, storage and handling, and associated 
     distribution costs) provided to each eligible organization 
     that received assistance under this Act, that further 
     describes the following:
       ``(i) How such funds were used by the eligible 
     organization.
       ``(ii) The actual rate of return for each commodity made 
     available under this Act, including factors that influenced 
     the rate of return, and, for the commodity, the costs of 
     bagging or further processing, ocean transportation, inland 
     transportation in the recipient country, storage costs, and 
     any other information that the Administrator and the 
     Secretary determine to be necessary.
       ``(iii) For each instance in which a commodity was made 
     available under this Act at a rate of return less than 70 
     percent, the reasons for the rate of return realized.
       ``(I) For funds expended for purposes of section 202(e), 
     406(b)(6), and 407(c)(1)(B), a detailed accounting of the 
     expenditures and purposes of such expenditures with respect 
     to each such section.
       ``(3) Rate of return described.--For purposes of applying 
     subparagraph (H) of paragraph (2), the rate of return for a 
     commodity shall be equal to the proportion that--
       ``(A) the proceeds the implementing partners generate 
     through monetization; bears to
       ``(B) the cost to the Federal Government to procure and 
     ship the commodity to a recipient country for 
     monetization.''.
       (b) Conforming Repeal.--Subsection (m) of section 403 of 
     the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733) is repealed.

     SEC. 3113. DEADLINE FOR AGREEMENTS TO FINANCE SALES OR TO 
                   PROVIDE OTHER ASSISTANCE.

       Section 408 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736b) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 3114. MINIMUM LEVEL OF NONEMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.

       Section 412(e) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
     1736f(e)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(e) Minimum Level of Nonemergency Food Assistance.--
       ``(1) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2019 through 
     2023, not less than $365,000,000 of the amounts made 
     available to carry out emergency and nonemergency food 
     assistance programs under title II, nor more than 30 percent 
     of such amounts, shall be expended for nonemergency food 
     assistance programs under such title.
       ``(2) Community development funds.--Funds appropriated each 
     year to carry out part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
     1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.) that are made available through 
     grants or cooperative agreements to strengthen food security 
     in developing countries and that are consistent with section 
     202(e)(1)(C) may be considered amounts expended for 
     nonemergency food assistance programs for purposes of 
     paragraph (1).
       ``(3) Farmer-to-farmer program.--In determining the amount 
     expended for a fiscal year for nonemergency food assistance 
     programs under paragraph (1), amounts expended for that year 
     to carry out programs under section 501 may be considered 
     amounts expended for nonemergency food assistance 
     programs.''.

     SEC. 3115. TERMINATION DATE FOR MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFICATION 
                   PROGRAMS.

       Section 415(c) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736g-
     2(c)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 3116. JOHN OGONOWSKI AND DOUG BEREUTER FARMER-TO-FARMER 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 501 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
     ``section 1342 of title 31, United States Code, or'' after 
     ``Notwithstanding'';
       (B) in paragraph (1) by inserting ``technical'' before 
     ``assistance''; and
       (C) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
     ``employees or staff of a State cooperative institution (as 
     such term is defined in paragraph 18 of section 1404 of the 
     National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
     Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103), except that subparagraphs 
     (E), (F), and (G) of such paragraph shall not apply),'' after 
     ``private corporations,''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) by striking ``; and'' at the end of clause (viii); and
       (II) by striking clause (ix) and inserting the following:

       ``(ix) agricultural education and extension;
       ``(x) selection of seed varieties and plant stocks;
       ``(xi) knowledge of insecticide and sanitation procedures 
     to prevent crop destruction;
       ``(xii) use and maintenance of agricultural equipment and 
     irrigation systems; and
       ``(xiii) selection of fertilizers and methods of soils 
     treatment; and'';
       (2) in subsection (d), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'';
       (3) in subsection (e)(1), in the matter preceding 
     subparagraph (A), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Grant Program to Create New Partners and 
     Innovation.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Administrator of the Agency for 
     International Development shall develop a grant program to be 
     carried out in fiscal

[[Page H9854]]

     years 2019 through 2023 to facilitate new and innovative 
     partnerships and activities under this title.
       ``(2) Use of funds.--A grant recipient under this 
     subsection shall use funds received under this subsection 
     to--
       ``(A) prioritize new implementing partners;
       ``(B) develop innovative volunteer models;
       ``(C) develop, improve, or maintain strategic partnerships 
     with other United States development programs; and
       ``(D) expand the footprint and impact of the programs and 
     activities under this title, and diversity among program 
     participants, including land-grant colleges and universities 
     and cooperative extension services (as such terms are defined 
     in section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
     3103)).''.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

     SEC. 3201. AGRICULTURAL TRADE PROMOTION AND FACILITATION.

       (a) In General.--Section 203 of the Agricultural Trade Act 
     of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623) is amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 203. AGRICULTURAL TRADE PROMOTION AND FACILITATION.

       ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall carry out 
     activities under this section--
       ``(1) to access, develop, maintain, and expand markets for 
     United States agricultural commodities; and
       ``(2) to promote cooperation and the exchange of 
     information.
       ``(b) Market Access Program.--
       ``(1) Definition of eligible trade organization.--In this 
     subsection, the term `eligible trade organization' means--
       ``(A) a United States agricultural trade organization or 
     regional State-related organization that promotes the export 
     and sale of United States agricultural commodities and that 
     does not stand to profit directly from specific sales of 
     United States agricultural commodities;
       ``(B) a cooperative organization or State agency that 
     promotes the sale of United States agricultural commodities; 
     or
       ``(C) a private organization that promotes the export and 
     sale of United States agricultural commodities if the 
     Secretary determines that such organization would 
     significantly contribute to United States export market 
     development.
       ``(2) In general.--The Commodity Credit Corporation shall 
     establish and carry out a program, to be known as the `Market 
     Access Program', to encourage the development, maintenance, 
     and expansion of commercial export markets for United States 
     agricultural commodities (including commodities that are 
     organically produced (as defined in section 2103 of the 
     Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6502))) 
     through cost-share assistance to eligible trade organizations 
     that implement a foreign market development program.
       ``(3) Participation requirements.--
       ``(A) Marketing plan and other requirements.--To be 
     eligible for cost-share assistance under this subsection, an 
     eligible trade organization shall--
       ``(i) prepare and submit a marketing plan to the Secretary 
     that meets the guidelines governing such a marketing plan 
     specified in this paragraph or otherwise established by the 
     Secretary;
       ``(ii) meet any other requirements established by the 
     Secretary; and
       ``(iii) enter into an agreement with the Secretary.
       ``(B) Purpose of marketing plan.--A marketing plan 
     submitted under this paragraph shall describe the advertising 
     or other market oriented export promotion activities to be 
     carried out by the eligible trade organization with respect 
     to which assistance under this subsection is being requested.
       ``(C) Specific elements.--To be approved by the Secretary, 
     a marketing plan submitted under this paragraph shall--
       ``(i) specifically describe the manner in which assistance 
     received by the eligible trade organization, in conjunction 
     with funds and services provided by the eligible trade 
     organization, will be expended in implementing the marketing 
     plan;
       ``(ii) establish specific market goals to be achieved under 
     the marketing plan; and
       ``(iii) contain whatever additional requirements are 
     determined by the Secretary to be necessary.
       ``(D) Branded promotion.--A marketing plan approved by the 
     Secretary may provide for the use of branded advertising to 
     promote the sale of United States agricultural commodities in 
     a foreign country under such terms and conditions as may be 
     established by the Secretary.
       ``(E) Amendments.--An approved marketing plan may be 
     amended by the eligible trade organization at any time, 
     subject to the approval of the amendment by the Secretary.
       ``(4) Level of assistance and cost-share requirements.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall justify in writing 
     the level of assistance to be provided to an eligible trade 
     organization under this subsection and the level of cost 
     sharing required of the organization.
       ``(B) Limitation on branded promotion.--Assistance provided 
     under this subsection for activities described in paragraph 
     (3)(D) shall not exceed 50 percent of the cost of 
     implementing the marketing plan, except that the Secretary 
     may determine not to apply such limitation in the case of 
     United States agricultural commodities with respect to which 
     there has been a favorable decision by the United States 
     Trade Representative under section 301 of the Trade Act of 
     1974 (19 U.S.C. 2411). Criteria used by the Secretary for 
     determining that the limitation shall not apply shall be 
     consistent and documented.
       ``(5) Other terms and conditions.--
       ``(A) Multiyear basis.--The Secretary may provide 
     assistance under this subsection on a multiyear basis, 
     subject to annual review by the Secretary for compliance with 
     the approved marketing plan.
       ``(B) Termination of assistance.--The Secretary may 
     terminate any assistance made, or to be made, available under 
     this subsection if the Secretary determines that--
       ``(i) the eligible trade organization is not adhering to 
     the terms and conditions applicable to the provision of the 
     assistance;
       ``(ii) the eligible trade organization is not implementing 
     the approved marketing plan or is not adequately meeting the 
     established goals of the plan;
       ``(iii) the eligible trade organization is not adequately 
     contributing its own resources to the implementation of the 
     plan; or
       ``(iv) the Secretary determines that termination of 
     assistance in a particular instance is in the best interests 
     of the Market Access Program.
       ``(C) Evaluations.--Beginning not later than 15 months 
     after the initial provision of assistance under this 
     subsection to an eligible trade organization, the Secretary 
     shall monitor the expenditures by the eligible trade 
     organization of such assistance, including the following:
       ``(i) An evaluation of the effectiveness of the marketing 
     plan of the eligible trade organization in developing or 
     maintaining markets for United States agricultural 
     commodities.
       ``(ii) An evaluation of whether assistance provided under 
     this subsection is necessary to maintain such markets.
       ``(iii) A thorough accounting of the expenditure by the 
     eligible trade organization of the assistance provided under 
     this subsection.
       ``(6) Restrictions on use of funds.--Assistance provided 
     under this subsection to an eligible trade organization may 
     not be used--
       ``(A) to provide direct assistance to any foreign for-
     profit corporation for the corporation's use in promoting 
     foreign-produced products; or
       ``(B) to provide direct assistance to any for-profit 
     corporation that is not recognized as a small business 
     concern (as described in section 3(a) of the Small Business 
     Act (15 U.S.C. 632(a))), excluding--
       ``(i) a cooperative;
       ``(ii) an association described in the first section of the 
     Act entitled `An Act To authorize association of producers of 
     agricultural products', approved February 18, 1922 (7 U.S.C. 
     291); or
       ``(iii) a nonprofit trade association.
       ``(7) Permissive use of funds.--Assistance provided under 
     this subsection to a United States agricultural trade 
     association, cooperative, or small business may be used for 
     individual branded promotional activity related to a United 
     States branded product, if the beneficiaries of the activity 
     have provided funds for the activity in an amount that is at 
     least equivalent to the amount of such assistance.
       ``(8) Priority.--In providing assistance for branded 
     promotion, the Secretary should give priority to small-sized 
     entities.
       ``(9) Contribution level.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary should require a minimum 
     contribution level of 10 percent from an eligible trade 
     organization that receives assistance for nonbranded 
     promotion.
       ``(B) Increases in contribution level.--The Secretary may 
     increase the contribution level in any subsequent year that 
     an eligible trade organization receives assistance for 
     nonbranded promotion.
       ``(10) Additionality.--The Secretary should require each 
     participant in the Market Access Program to certify that any 
     Federal funds received supplement, but do not supplant, 
     private or third party participant funds or other 
     contributions to Program activities.
       ``(11) Independent audits.--If as a result of an evaluation 
     or audit of activities of a participant under the Market 
     Access Program, the Secretary determines that a further 
     review is justified in order to ensure compliance with the 
     requirements of the Program, the Secretary should require the 
     participant to contract for an independent audit of the 
     Program activities, including activities of any 
     subcontractor.
       ``(12) Tobacco.--No funds made available under the Market 
     Access Program may be used for activities to develop, 
     maintain, or expand foreign markets for tobacco.
       ``(c) Foreign Market Development Cooperator Program.--
       ``(1) Definition of eligible trade organization.--In this 
     subsection, the term `eligible trade organization' means a 
     United States trade organization that--
       ``(A) promotes the export of 1 or more United States 
     agricultural commodities; and
       ``(B) does not have a business interest in or receive 
     remuneration from specific sales of agricultural commodities.
       ``(2) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish and, in 
     cooperation with eligible trade organizations, carry out a 
     program to be known as the `Foreign Market Development 
     Cooperator Program' to maintain and develop foreign markets 
     for United States agricultural commodities.
       ``(3) Use of funds.--Funds made available to carry out this 
     subsection shall be used only to provide--
       ``(A) cost-share assistance to an eligible trade 
     organization under a contract or agreement with the eligible 
     trade organization; and
       ``(B) assistance for other costs that are appropriate to 
     carry out the Foreign Market Development Cooperator Program, 
     including contingent liabilities that are not otherwise 
     funded.
       ``(d) E (Kika) De La Garza Emerging Markets Program.--
       ``(1) Definition of emerging market.--In this subsection, 
     the term `emerging market' means any country, foreign 
     territory, customs union, or other economic market that the 
     Secretary determines--
       ``(A) is taking steps toward a market-oriented economy 
     through the food, agriculture, or rural business sectors of 
     its economy; and

[[Page H9855]]

       ``(B) has the potential to provide a viable and significant 
     market for United States agricultural commodities.
       ``(2) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish and 
     carry out a program, to be known as the `E (Kika) de la Garza 
     Emerging Markets Program'--
       ``(A) to develop agricultural markets in emerging markets; 
     and
       ``(B) to promote cooperation and exchange of information 
     between agricultural institutions and agribusinesses in the 
     United States and emerging markets.
       ``(3) Development of agricultural systems.--
       ``(A) In general.--
       ``(i) Implementation.--To develop, maintain, or expand 
     markets for exports of United States agricultural 
     commodities, the Secretary shall make available to emerging 
     markets the expertise of the United States--

       ``(I) to make assessments of food and rural business 
     systems needs;
       ``(II) to make recommendations on measures necessary to 
     enhance the effectiveness of the food and rural business 
     systems described in subclause (I), including potential 
     reductions in trade barriers; and
       ``(III) to identify and carry out specific opportunities 
     and projects to enhance the effectiveness of the food and 
     rural business systems described in subclause (I).

       ``(ii) Extent of program.--The Secretary shall implement 
     this subparagraph with respect to at least 3 emerging markets 
     in each fiscal year.
       ``(B) Experts from the united states.--The Secretary may 
     implement subparagraph (A) by providing--
       ``(i) assistance to teams (consisting primarily of 
     agricultural consultants, agricultural producers, other 
     persons from the private sector, and government officials 
     expert in assessing the food and rural business systems of 
     other countries) to enable those teams to conduct the 
     assessments, make the recommendations, and identify the 
     opportunities and projects described in subparagraph (A)(i) 
     in emerging markets;
       ``(ii) for necessary subsistence and transportation 
     expenses of--

       ``(I) United States food and rural business system experts, 
     including United States agricultural producers and other 
     United States individuals knowledgeable in agricultural and 
     agribusiness matters, to enable such United States food and 
     rural business system experts to assist in transferring 
     knowledge and expertise to entities from emerging markets; 
     and
       ``(II) individuals designated by emerging markets to enable 
     such designated individuals to consult with such United 
     States experts to enhance food and rural business systems of 
     such emerging markets and to transfer knowledge and expertise 
     to such emerging markets.

       ``(C) Cost-sharing.--The Secretary shall encourage the 
     nongovernmental experts described in subparagraph (B) to 
     share the costs of, and otherwise assist in, the 
     participation of those experts in the E (Kika) de la Garza 
     Emerging Markets Program.
       ``(D) Technical assistance.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     provide, or pay the necessary costs for, technical assistance 
     (including the establishment of extension services) to enable 
     individuals or other entities to carry out recommendations, 
     projects, and opportunities in emerging markets, including 
     recommendations, projects, and opportunities described in 
     subclauses (II) and (III) of subparagraph (A)(i).
       ``(E) Reports to secretary.--A team that receives 
     assistance under subparagraph (B)(i) shall prepare and submit 
     to the Secretary such reports as the Secretary may require.
       ``(F) Advisory committee.--To provide the Secretary with 
     information that may be useful to the Secretary in carrying 
     out this subsection, the Secretary may establish an advisory 
     committee composed of representatives of the various sectors 
     of the food and rural business systems of the United States.
       ``(G) Effect.--The authority provided under this subsection 
     shall be in addition to and not in place of any other 
     authority of the Secretary or the Commodity Credit 
     Corporation.
       ``(e) Technical Assistance for Specialty Crops.--
       ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall 
     establish an export assistance program, in this subsection 
     referred to as the `program', to address existing or 
     potential unique barriers that prohibit or threaten the 
     export of United States specialty crops.
       ``(2) Purpose.--The program shall provide direct assistance 
     through public and private sector projects and technical 
     assistance, including through the program under section 2(e) 
     of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 3157(e)), to remove, resolve, or mitigate 
     existing or potential sanitary, phytosanitary, and technical 
     barriers to trade.
       ``(3) Priority.--The program shall address time sensitive 
     and strategic market access projects based on--
       ``(A) trade effect on market retention, market access, and 
     market expansion; and
       ``(B) trade impact.
       ``(4) Multiyear projects.--The Secretary may provide 
     assistance under the program to a project for longer than a 
     5-year period if the Secretary determines that further 
     assistance would effectively support the purpose described in 
     paragraph (2).
       ``(5) Outreach and technical assistance.--The Secretary 
     shall--
       ``(A) conduct outreach to inform eligible organizations of 
     the requirements of the program and the process by which such 
     organizations may submit proposals for funding;
       ``(B) provide technical assistance to eligible 
     organizations to assist in developing proposals and complying 
     with the requirements of the program; and
       ``(C) solicit input from eligible organizations on 
     improvements to streamline and facilitate the provision of 
     assistance under this subsection.
       ``(6) Regulations and procedures.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 
     Secretary shall review program regulations, procedures, and 
     guidelines for assistance under this subsection and make 
     revisions to streamline, improve, and clarify the 
     application, approval and compliance processes for such 
     assistance, including revisions to implement the requirements 
     of paragraph (5).
       ``(B) Considerations.--In reviewing and making revisions 
     under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall consider--
       ``(i) establishing accountability standards that are 
     appropriate for the size and scope of a project; and
       ``(ii) establishing streamlined application and approval 
     processes, including for smaller-scale projects or projects 
     to address time-sensitive trade barriers.
       ``(7) Annual report.--Each year, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the appropriate committees of Congress a report that 
     contains, for the period covered by the report, a description 
     of--
       ``(A) each factor that affects the export of specialty 
     crops, including each factor relating to any--
       ``(i) significant sanitary or phytosanitary issue;
       ``(ii) trade barrier; or
       ``(iii) emerging sanitary or phytosanitary issue or trade 
     barrier; and
       ``(B)(i) any funds provided under subsection (f)(3)(A)(iv) 
     that were not obligated in a fiscal year; and
       ``(ii) the reason such funds were not obligated.
       ``(f) Funding and Administration.--
       ``(1) Commodity credit corporation.--The Secretary shall 
     use the funds, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity 
     Credit Corporation to carry out this section.
       ``(2) Funding amount.--For each of fiscal years 2019 
     through 2023, of the funds of, or an equal value of 
     commodities owned by, the Commodity Credit Corporation, the 
     Secretary shall use to carry out this section $255,000,000, 
     to remain available until expended.
       ``(3) Allocation.--
       ``(A) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2019 through 
     2023, the Secretary shall allocate funds to carry out this 
     section in accordance with the following:
       ``(i) Market access program.--For market access activities 
     authorized under subsection (b), of the funds of, or an equal 
     value of commodities owned by, the Commodity Credit 
     Corporation, not less than $200,000,000 for each fiscal year.
       ``(ii) Foreign market development cooperator program.--To 
     carry out subsection (c), of the funds of, or an equal value 
     of commodities owned by, the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
     not less than $34,500,000 for each fiscal year.
       ``(iii) E (kika) de la garza emerging markets program.--To 
     provide assistance under subsection (d), of the funds of, or 
     an equal value of commodities owned by, the Commodity Credit 
     Corporation, not more than $8,000,000 for each fiscal year.
       ``(iv) Technical assistance for specialty crops.--To carry 
     out subsection (e), of the funds of, or an equal value of the 
     commodities owned by, the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
     $9,000,000 for each fiscal year.
       ``(v) Priority trade fund.--

       ``(I) In general.--In addition to the amounts allocated 
     under clauses (i) through (iv), and notwithstanding any 
     limitations in those clauses, as determined by the Secretary, 
     for 1 or more programs under this section for authorized 
     activities to access, develop, maintain, and expand markets 
     for United States agricultural commodities, $3,500,000 for 
     each fiscal year.
       ``(II) Considerations.--In allocating funds made available 
     under subclause (I), the Secretary may consider providing a 
     greater allocation to 1 or more programs under this section 
     for which the amounts requested under applications exceed 
     available funding for the 1 or more programs.

       ``(B) Reallocation.--Any funds allocated under clauses (i) 
     through (iv) of subparagraph (A) that remain unobligated one 
     year after the end of the fiscal year in which they are first 
     made available shall be reallocated to the priority trade 
     fund under subparagraph (A)(v). To the maximum extent 
     practicable, the Secretary shall allocate such reallocated 
     funds to support exports of those types of United States 
     agricultural commodities eligible for assistance under the 
     program for which the funds were originally allocated under 
     subparagraph (A).
       ``(4) Cuba.--Notwithstanding section 908 of the Trade 
     Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (22 
     U.S.C. 7207) or any other provision of law, funds made 
     available under this section may be used to carry out the 
     programs authorized under subsections (b) and (c) in Cuba. 
     Funds may not be used as described in the previous sentence 
     in contravention with directives set forth under the National 
     Security Presidential Memorandum entitled `Strengthening the 
     Policy of the United States Toward Cuba' issued by the 
     President on June 16, 2017, during the period in which that 
     memorandum is in effect.
       ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition to any 
     other amounts provided under this subsection, there are 
     authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to 
     carry out the programs and authorities under paragraph 
     (3)(A)(v) and subsections (b) through (e).''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Market access program.--

[[Page H9856]]

       (A) Section 211 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 
     U.S.C. 5641) is amended by striking subsection (c).
       (B) Section 402(a)(1) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 
     (7 U.S.C. 5662(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``203'' and 
     inserting ``203(b)''.
       (C) Section 282(f)(2)(C) of the Agricultural Marketing Act 
     of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1638a(f)(2)(C)) is amended by striking 
     ``section 203 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 
     5623)'' and inserting ``section 203(b) of the Agricultural 
     Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623(b))''.
       (D) Section 718 of the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food 
     and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations 
     Act, 1999 (7 U.S.C. 5623 note; Public Law 105-277) is amended 
     by striking ``section 203 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 
     1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623)'' and inserting ``section 203(b) of the 
     Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623(b)''.
       (E) Section 1302 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act 
     of 1993 is repealed.
       (2) Foreign market development cooperator program.--Title 
     VII of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5721 et 
     seq.) is repealed.
       (3) E (kika) de la garza emerging markets program.--
       (A) Section 1542 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
     and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C 5622 note; Public Law 101-624) 
     is amended--
       (i) by striking subsection (d);
       (ii) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as 
     subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
       (iii) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated)--

       (I) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``country'' and inserting ``country, foreign territory, 
     customs union, or other economic market''; and
       (II) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the economy of the 
     country'' and inserting ``its economy''.

       (B) Section 1543(b)(5) of the Food, Agriculture, 
     Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3293(b)(5)) is 
     amended by striking ``section 1542(f)'' and inserting 
     ``section 1542(e)''.
       (C) Section 1543A(c)(2) of the Food, Agriculture, 
     Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5679(c)(2)) is 
     amended by inserting ``and section 203(d) of the Agricultural 
     Trade Act of 1978'' after ``section 1542''.
       (4) Technical assistance for specialty crops.--Section 3205 
     of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 
     U.S.C. 5680) is repealed.

               Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

     SEC. 3301. GROWING AMERICAN FOOD EXPORTS.

       Section 1543A of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5679) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(1)(A), by inserting ``or new 
     agricultural production technologies'' after 
     ``biotechnology''; and
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``$6,000,000'' and all 
     that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
     ``$2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 3302. FOOD FOR PROGRESS ACT OF 1985.

       Section 1110 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (also known 
     as the Food for Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o)) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``President'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``Secretary'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (5)--
       (i) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (E);
       (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (G); 
     and
       (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(F) a college or university (as such terms are defined in 
     section 1404(4) of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 (7 
     U.S.C. 3103(4)); and''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(10) Rate of return.--For purposes of applying subsection 
     (j)(3), the rate of return for an eligible commodity shall be 
     equal to the proportion that--
       ``(A) the proceeds eligible entities generate through 
     monetization of such commodity, bears to
       ``(B) the cost to the Federal Government to procure and 
     ship the commodity to the country where it is monetized.
       ``(11) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
     of Agriculture.'';
       (3) in subsection (f)(3), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023'';
       (4) in subsection (g), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023'';
       (5) in subsection (j)(3)--
       (A) by striking ``December 1'' and inserting ``April 1'';
       (B) by striking ``of the Senate a list of programs'' and 
     inserting ``of the Senate--
       ``(A) a list of programs'';
       (C) by striking ``approved to date for the fiscal year'' 
     and inserting ``approved during the prior fiscal year'';
       (D) by striking the period at the end and inserting a 
     semicolon; and
       (E) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(B) a description of the actual rate of return for each 
     commodity made available under this section for the previous 
     fiscal year including--
       ``(i) factors that influenced the rate of return; and
       ``(ii) with respect to the commodity, the costs of bagging 
     or further processing, ocean transportation, inland 
     transportation, storage costs, and any other information that 
     the Secretary determines to be necessary; and
       ``(C) for each instance in which a commodity was made 
     available under this section at a rate of return less than 70 
     percent, an explanation for the rate of return realized.''.
       (6) in subsection (k), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023'';
       (7) in subsection (l)(1), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023'';
       (8) in the heading of subsection (m), by striking 
     ``Presidential'' and inserting ``Secretarial'';
       (9) in subsection (o), by striking ``(acting through the 
     Secretary)'';
       (10) in subsection (o)(1), by striking ``subparagraphs (C) 
     and (F)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs (C) and (G)''; and
       (11) by adding at the end the following new subsection:.
       ``(p) Pilot Agreements.--
       ``(1) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2019 through 
     2023, subject to the availability of appropriations pursuant 
     to the authorization in paragraph (3), the Secretary shall 
     enter into 1 or more pilot agreements with 1 or more eligible 
     entities through which the Secretary shall provide financial 
     assistance to the eligible entities to carry out activities 
     consistent with subsection (l)(4)(A).
       ``(2) Report required.--In each of fiscal years 2020 
     through 2024, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
     Agriculture of the House of Representatives and Committee on 
     Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report 
     describing, with respect to the previous fiscal year--
       ``(A) the amount provided to eligible entities under each 
     pilot agreement pursuant to paragraph (1) and how the funds 
     were used;
       ``(B) the activities carried out under each pilot 
     agreement;
       ``(C) the number of direct and indirect beneficiaries of 
     those activities; and
       ``(D) the effectiveness of the pilot agreements, including 
     as applicable the impact on food security and agricultural 
     productivity.
       ``(3) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out pilot agreements pursuant to 
     this subsection $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
     through 2023.''.

     SEC. 3303. BILL EMERSON HUMANITARIAN TRUST ACT.

       Section 302 of the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act (7 
     U.S.C. 1736f-1) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(2)(B)(i), by striking ``2018'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``2023''; and
       (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2018'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 3304. PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS TO EMERGING 
                   MARKETS.

       Section 1542(a) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5622 note; Public Law 101-624) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 3305. COCHRAN FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

       Section 1543 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3293) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``for study in the 
     United States.'' and inserting the following: ``for study--
       ``(1) in the United States; or
       ``(2) at a college or university located in an eligible 
     country that the Secretary determines--
       ``(A) has sufficient scientific and technical facilities;
       ``(B) has established a partnership with at least one 
     college or university in the United States; and
       ``(C) has substantial participation by faculty members of 
     the United States college or university in the design of the 
     fellowship curriculum and classroom instruction under the 
     fellowship.'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(which may include 
     agricultural extension services)'' after ``systems''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by striking ``enhance trade'' and inserting the 
     following: ``enhance--
       ``(A) trade'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated) by striking the 
     period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) linkages between agricultural interests in the United 
     States and regulatory systems governing sanitary and 
     phytosanitary standards for agricultural products that--
       ``(i) may enter the United States; and
       ``(ii) may pose risks to human, animal, or plant life or 
     health.''; and
       (3) in subsection (f)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$3,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$4,000,000'';
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$2,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$3,000,000''; and
       (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``$5,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$6,000,000''.

     SEC. 3306. BORLAUG INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND 
                   TECHNOLOGY FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

       Section 1473G of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319j) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)(2)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``shall support'' and inserting ``support'';
       (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (C) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(E) the development of agricultural extension services in 
     eligible countries.''; and
       (2) in subsection (f)--
       (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Leveraging alumni engagement.--In carrying out the 
     purposes and programs under this section, the Secretary shall 
     encourage ongoing engagement with fellowship recipients who 
     have completed training under the program to provide advice 
     regarding, and participate in, new or ongoing agricultural 
     development projects, with a priority for capacity-building 
     projects.''.

[[Page H9857]]

  


     SEC. 3307. INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION FELLOWSHIP 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Fellowship Program Establishment.--The Secretary shall 
     establish a fellowship program to be known as the 
     International Agricultural Education Fellowship Program to 
     provide fellowships to citizens of the United States to 
     assist eligible countries in developing school-based 
     agricultural education and youth extension programs.
       (b) Eligible Country Described.--For purposes of this 
     section, an eligible country is a developing country, as 
     determined by the Secretary using a gross national income per 
     capita test selected by the Secretary.
       (c) Purpose of Fellowships.--The goals of providing a 
     fellowship under this section are to--
       (1) develop globally minded United States agriculturists 
     with experience living abroad;
       (2) focus on meeting the food and fiber needs of the 
     domestic population of eligible countries; and
       (3) strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible 
     countries and the United States agricultural industry.
       (d) Eligible Candidates.--The Secretary may provide 
     fellowships to citizens of the United States who--
       (1) hold at least a bachelors degree in an agricultural 
     related field of study; and
       (2) have an understanding of United States school-based 
     agricultural education and youth extension programs, as 
     determined by the Secretary.
       (e) Candidate Identification.--The Secretary shall consult 
     with the National FFA Organization, the National 4-H Council, 
     and other entities as the Secretary determines are 
     appropriate to identify candidates for fellowships.
       (f) Program Implementation.--The Secretary shall provide 
     for the management, coordination, evaluation, and monitoring 
     of the Fellowship Program, except that the Secretary may 
     contract out the management of the fellowship program to an 
     outside organization with experience in implementing 
     fellowship programs focused on building capacity for school-
     based agricultural education and youth extension programs in 
     developing countries.
       (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--
       (1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
     $5,000,000 to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 
     2019 through 2023.
       (2) Duration.--Any funds made available under this 
     subsection shall remain available until expended.

     SEC. 3308. INTERNATIONAL FOOD SECURITY TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

       The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 
     is amended by inserting after section 1543A (7 U.S.C. 5679) 
     the following:

     ``SEC. 1543B. INTERNATIONAL FOOD SECURITY TECHNICAL 
                   ASSISTANCE.

       ``(a) Definition of International Food Security.--In this 
     section, the term `international food security' means access 
     by any person at any time to food and nutrition that is 
     sufficient for a healthy and productive life.
       ``(b) Collection of Information.--The Secretary of 
     Agriculture (referred to in this section as the `Secretary') 
     shall compile information from appropriate mission areas of 
     the Department of Agriculture (including the Food, Nutrition, 
     and Consumer Services mission area) relating to the 
     improvement of international food security.
       ``(c) Public Availability.--To benefit programs for the 
     improvement of international food security, the Secretary 
     shall organize the information described in subsection (b) 
     and make the information available in a format suitable for--
       ``(1) public education; and
       ``(2) use by--
       ``(A) a Federal, State, or local agency;
       ``(B) an agency or instrumentality of the government of a 
     foreign country;
       ``(C) a domestic or international organization, including a 
     domestic or international nongovernmental organization; and
       ``(D) an intergovernmental organization.
       ``(d) Technical Assistance.--On request by an entity 
     described in subsection (c)(2), the Secretary may provide 
     technical assistance to the entity to implement a program for 
     the improvement of international food security.
       ``(e) Program Priority.--In carrying out this section, the 
     Secretary shall give priority to programs relating to the 
     development of food and nutrition safety net systems with a 
     focus on food insecure countries.
       ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 3309. MCGOVERN-DOLE INTERNATIONAL FOOD FOR EDUCATION AND 
                   CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAM.

       Section 3107 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
     of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``that is'' and inserting the following: 
     ``that--
       ``(1) is'';
       (B) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by striking the 
     period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2)(A) is produced in and procured from--
       ``(i) a developing country that is a recipient country; or
       ``(ii) a developing country in the same region as a 
     recipient country; and
       ``(B) at a minimum, meets each nutritional, quality, and 
     labeling standard of the recipient country, as determined by 
     the Secretary.'';
       (2) in subsection (c)(2)(A)--
       (A) in clause (v)(IV), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) by redesignating clause (vi) as clause (vii); and
       (C) by inserting after clause (v) the following:
       ``(vi) the costs associated with transporting the 
     commodities described in subsection (a)(2) from a developing 
     country described in subparagraph (A)(ii) of that subsection 
     to any designated point of entry within the recipient 
     country; and'';
       (3) in subsection (f)(1)--
       (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
     subparagraphs (F) and (G), respectively; and
       (B) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
       ``(E) ensure to the maximum extent practicable that 
     assistance--
       ``(i) is provided under this section in a timely manner; 
     and
       ``(ii) is available when needed throughout the applicable 
     school year;''; and
       (4) in subsection (l)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Purchase of commodities.--Of the funds made available 
     to carry out this section, not more than 10 percent shall be 
     used to purchase agricultural commodities described in 
     subsection (a)(2).''.

     SEC. 3310. GLOBAL CROP DIVERSITY TRUST.

       Section 3202 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
     2008 (22 U.S.C. 2220a note; Public Law 110-246) is amended--
       (1) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
       ``(b) United States Contribution Limit.--
       ``(1) In general.--The aggregate contributions of funds of 
     the Federal Government provided to the Trust shall not 
     exceed--
       ``(A) for the period of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, 25 
     percent of the total amount of funds contributed to the Trust 
     from all sources; and
       ``(B) subject to paragraph (2), effective beginning with 
     fiscal year 2019, 33 percent of the total amount of funds 
     contributed to the Trust from all sources.
       ``(2) Annual limitation.--The contributions of funds of the 
     Federal Government provided to the Trust shall not exceed 
     $5,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''; and
       (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 3311. LOCAL AND REGIONAL FOOD AID PROCUREMENT PROJECTS.

       Section 3206(e)(1) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
     Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 1726c(e)(1)) is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``to the Secretary'' after 
     ``appropriated''; and
       (2) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 
     through 2023''.

     SEC. 3312. FOREIGN TRADE MISSIONS.

       (a) Tribal Representation on Trade Missions.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Tribal Advisory Committee established under subsection (b)(2) 
     of section 309 of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and 
     Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 
     U.S.C. 6921(b)(2)) (as added by section 12303(2)) (referred 
     to in this section as the ``Advisory Committee''), shall 
     seek--
       (A) to support the greater inclusion of Tribal agricultural 
     and food products in Federal trade-related activities; and
       (B) to increase the collaboration between Federal trade 
     promotion efforts and other Federal trade-related activities 
     in support of the greater inclusion sought under subparagraph 
     (A).
       (2) Interdepartmental coordination.--In carrying out 
     activities to increase the collaboration described in 
     paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary shall coordinate with--
       (A) the Secretary of Commerce;
       (B) the Secretary of State;
       (C) the Secretary of the Interior; and
       (D) the heads of any other relevant Federal agencies.
       (b) Report; Goals.--
       (1) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report 
     describing the efforts of the Department of Agriculture and 
     other Federal agencies under this section to--
       (A) the Advisory Committee;
       (B) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (C) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (D) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 
     of the Senate;
       (E) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
     of the Senate; and
       (F) the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate.
       (2) Goals.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish goals 
     for measuring, in an objective and quantifiable format, the 
     extent to which Indian Tribes and Tribal agricultural and 
     food products are included in the trade-related activities of 
     the Department of Agriculture.

                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION

         Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

     SEC. 4001. REQUIREMENTS FOR ONLINE ACCEPTANCE OF BENEFITS.

       (a) Definition.--Section 3(o)(1) of the Food and Nutrition 
     Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(o)(1)) is amended by striking ``or 
     house-to-house trade route'' and inserting ``, house-to-house 
     trade route, or online entity''.
       (b) Acceptance of Benefits.--Section 7(k) of the Food and 
     Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(k)) is amended--
       (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``Acceptance of 
     Program Benefits Through Online Transactions'',
       (2) in paragraph (4) by striking subparagraph (C), and
       (3) by striking paragraph (5).

[[Page H9858]]

  


     SEC. 4002. RE-EVALUATION OF THRIFTY FOOD PLAN.

       Section 3(u) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
     U.S.C. 2012(u)) is amended by inserting after the 1st 
     sentence the following:
     ``By 2022 and at 5-year intervals thereafter, the Secretary 
     shall re-evaluate and publish the market baskets of the 
     thrifty food plan based on current food prices, food 
     composition data, consumption patterns, and dietary 
     guidance.''.

     SEC. 4003. FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Section 4(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
     of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)) is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
       ``(4) Administrative costs.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
     Secretary shall pay not less than 80 percent of 
     administrative costs and distribution costs on Indian 
     reservations as the Secretary determines necessary for 
     effective administration of such distribution by a State 
     agency or tribal organization.
       ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary shall waive up to 100 percent 
     of the non-Federal share of the costs described in 
     subparagraph (A) if the Secretary determines that--
       ``(i) the tribal organization is financially unable to 
     provide a greater non-Federal share of the costs; or
       ``(ii) providing a greater non-Federal share of the costs 
     would be a substantial burden for the tribal organization.
       ``(C) Limitation.--The Secretary may not reduce any 
     benefits or services under the food distribution program on 
     Indian reservations under this subsection to any tribal 
     organization that is granted a waiver under subparagraph (B).
       ``(D) Tribal contribution.--The Secretary may allow a 
     tribal organization to use funds provided to the tribal 
     organization through a Federal agency or other Federal 
     benefit to satisfy all or part of the non-Federal share of 
     the costs described in subparagraph (A) if that use is 
     otherwise consistent with the purpose of the funds.'',
       (2) in paragraph (6)--
       (A) in the heading by striking ``locally-grown'' and 
     inserting ``locally- and regionally-grown'',
       (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``locally-grown'' and 
     inserting ``locally- and regionally-grown'',
       (C) in subparagraph (C)--
       (i) in the heading by striking ``locally grown'' and 
     inserting ``locally- and regionally-grown'', and
       (ii) by striking ``locally-grown'' and inserting ``locally- 
     and regionally-grown'',
       (D) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as follows:
       ``(D) Purchase of foods.--In carrying out this paragraph, 
     the Secretary shall purchase or offer to purchase those 
     traditional foods that may be procured cost-effectively.'',
       (E) by striking subparagraph (E), and
       (F) in subparagraph (F)--
       (i) by striking ``(F)'' and inserting ``(E)'', and
       (ii) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'', and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(7) Availability of funds.--
       ``(A) In general.--Funds made available for a fiscal year 
     to carry out this subsection shall remain available for 
     obligation for a period of 2 fiscal years.
       ``(B) Administrative costs.--Funds made available for a 
     fiscal year to carry out paragraph (4) shall remain available 
     for obligation by the State agency or tribal organization for 
     a period of 2 fiscal years.''.
       (b) Demonstration Project for Tribal Organizations.--
       (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) Demonstration project.--The term ``demonstration 
     project'' means the demonstration project established under 
     paragraph (2).
       (B) Food distribution program.--The term ``food 
     distribution program'' means the food distribution program on 
     Indian reservations carried out under section 4(b) of the 
     Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)).
       (C) Indian reservation.--The term ``Indian reservation'' 
     has the meaning given the term ``reservation'' in section 3 
     of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012).
       (D) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has the 
     meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
     Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
       (E) Self-determination contract.--The term ``self-
     determination contract'' has the meaning given the term in 
     section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
     Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
       (F) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal organization'' 
     has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the Food and 
     Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012).
       (2) Establishment.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Secretary shall establish a demonstration 
     project under which 1 or more tribal organizations may enter 
     into self-determination contracts to purchase agricultural 
     commodities under the food distribution program for the 
     Indian reservation of that tribal organization.
       (3) Eligibility.--
       (A) Consultation.--The Secretary shall consult with the 
     Secretary of the Interior and Indian tribes to determine the 
     process and criteria under which a tribal organization may 
     participate in the demonstration project.
       (B) Criteria.--The Secretary shall select for participation 
     in the demonstration project tribal organizations that--
       (i) are successfully administering the food distribution 
     program of the tribal organization under section 4(b)(2)(B) 
     of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
     2013(b)(2)(B)),
       (ii) have the capacity to purchase agricultural commodities 
     in accordance with paragraph (4) for the food distribution 
     program of the tribal organization, and
       (iii) meet any other criteria determined by the Secretary, 
     in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior and Indian 
     tribes.
       (4) Procurement of agricultural commodities.--Any 
     agricultural commodities purchased by a tribal organization 
     under the demonstration project shall--
       (A) be domestically produced,
       (B) supplant, not supplement, the type of agricultural 
     commodities in existing food packages for that tribal 
     organization,
       (C) be of similar or higher nutritional value as the type 
     of agricultural commodities that would be supplanted in the 
     existing food package for that tribal organization, and
       (D) meet any other criteria determined by the Secretary.
       (5) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which 
     funds are appropriated under paragraph (6) and annually 
     thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
     Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
     on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
     report describing the activities carried out under the 
     demonstration project during the preceding year.
       (6) Funding.--
       (A) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this 
     subsection $5,000,000, to remain available until expended.
       (B) Appropriations in advance.--Only funds appropriated 
     under subparagraph (A) in advance specifically to carry out 
     this subsection shall be available to carry out this 
     subsection.
       (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 3(v) of the Food and 
     Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(v)) is amended by 
     striking ``the Indian Self-Determination Act (25 U.S.C. 
     450b(b))'' and inserting ``section 4 of the Indian Self-
     Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 
     5304)''.

     SEC. 4004. SIMPLIFIED HOMELESS HOUSING COSTS.

       Section 5(e)(6)(D) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
     U.S.C. 2014(e)(6)(D)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii), and
       (2) by striking clause (i) and inserting the following:
       ``(i) Alternative deduction.--The State agency shall allow 
     a deduction of $143 a month for households--

       ``(I) in which all members are homeless individuals;
       ``(II) that are not receiving free shelter throughout the 
     month; and
       ``(III) that do not opt to claim an excess shelter expense 
     deduction under subparagraph (A).

       ``(ii) Adjustment.--For fiscal year 2019 and each 
     subsequent fiscal year the amount of the homeless shelter 
     deduction specified in clause (i) shall be adjusted to 
     reflect changes for the 12-month period ending the preceding 
     November 30 in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
     Consumers published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the 
     Department of Labor.''.

     SEC. 4005. EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING FOR SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION 
                   ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       (a) Employment and Training Programs That Meet State and 
     Local Workforce Needs.--Section 6(d)(4) of the Food and 
     Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2015(d)(4)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A)--
       (A) in clause (i)--
       (i) by inserting ``, in consultation with the State 
     workforce development board, or, if the State demonstrates 
     that consultation with private employers or employer 
     organizations would be more effective or efficient, in 
     consultation with private employers or employer 
     organizations,'' after ``designed by the State agency'', and
       (ii) by striking ``that will increase their ability to 
     obtain regular employment.'' and inserting the following: 
     ``that will--

       ``(I) increase the ability of the household members to 
     obtain regular employment; and
       ``(II) meet State or local workforce needs.'', and

       (B) in clause (ii) by inserting ``and implemented to meet 
     the purposes of clause (i)'' after ``under this paragraph'',
       (2) in subparagraph (B)--
       (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting ``case 
     management services such as comprehensive intake assessments, 
     individualized service plans, progress monitoring, or 
     coordination with service providers and'' after ``contains'',
       (B) in clause (iv) by redesignating subclauses (I) and (II) 
     as items (aa) and (bb), respectively, and indenting 
     appropriately,
       (C) by redesignating clauses (i) through (vii) and clause 
     (viii) as subclauses (I) through (VII) and subclause (IX), 
     respectively, and indenting appropriately,
       (D) by striking subclause (I), as so redesignated, and 
     inserting the following:

       ``(I) Supervised job search programs that occur at State-
     approved locations at which the activities of participants 
     shall be directly supervised and the timing and activities of 
     participants tracked in accordance with guidelines issued by 
     the State.'',

       (E) in subclause (II), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``jobs skills assessments, job finding clubs, training in 
     techniques for'' and inserting ``employability assessments, 
     training in techniques to increase'',
       (F) in subclause (IV), as so redesignated, in the first 
     sentence, by inserting ``, including subsidized employment 
     and apprenticeships'' before the period at the end,
       (G) in subclause (VII), as so redesignated, by inserting 
     ``not less than 30 days but'' after ``period of'',
       (H) by inserting after subclause (VII), as so redesignated, 
     the following:

[[Page H9859]]

       ``(VIII) Programs and activities under clause (iv) of 
     section 16(h)(1)(F) that the Secretary determines, based on 
     results from the independent evaluations conducted under 
     clause (vii)(I) of such section, have the most demonstrable 
     impact on the ability of participants to find and retain 
     employment that leads to increased household income and 
     reduced reliance on public assistance.'',

       (I) in the matter preceding subclause (I), as so 
     redesignated--
       (i) by striking ``this subparagraph'' and inserting ``this 
     clause'', and
       (ii) by striking ``(B) For purposes of this Act, an'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(B) Definitions.--In this Act:
       ``(i) Employment and training program.--The term'', and
       (J) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(ii) Workforce partnership.--

       ``(I) In general.--The term `workforce partnership' means a 
     program that--

       ``(aa) is operated by--
       ``(AA) a private employer, an organization representing 
     private employers, or a nonprofit organization providing 
     services relating to workforce development; or
       ``(BB) an entity identified as an eligible provider of 
     training services under section 122(d) of the Workforce 
     Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3152(d));
       ``(bb) the Secretary certifies, or the State agency 
     certifies to the Secretary--
       ``(AA) subject to subparagraph (N)(ii), would assist 
     participants who are members of households participating in 
     the supplemental nutrition assistance program in gaining 
     high-quality, work-relevant skills, training, work, or 
     experience that will increase the ability of the participants 
     to obtain regular employment;
       ``(BB) subject to subparagraph (N)(ii), would provide 
     participants with not less than 20 hours per week of 
     training, work, or experience under subitem (AA);
       ``(CC) would not use any funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act;
       ``(DD) would provide sufficient information, on request by 
     the State agency, for the State agency to determine that 
     participants who are members of households participating in 
     the supplemental nutrition assistance program are fulfilling 
     any applicable work requirement under this subsection or 
     subsection (o);
       ``(EE) would be willing to serve as a reference for 
     participants who are members of households participating in 
     the supplemental nutrition assistance program for future 
     employment or work-related programs; and
       ``(FF) meets any other criteria established by the 
     Secretary, on the condition that the Secretary shall not 
     establish any additional criteria that would impose 
     significant paperwork burdens on the workforce partnership; 
     and
       ``(cc) is in compliance with the Fair Labor Standards Act 
     of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 201 et seq.), if applicable.

       ``(II) Inclusion.--The term `workforce partnership' 
     includes a multistate program.'',

       (3) in subparagraph (E)--
       (A) in the second sentence, by striking ``Such 
     requirements'' and inserting the following:
       ``(ii) Variation.--The requirements under clause (i)'',
       (B) by striking ``(E) Each State'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(E) Requirements for participation for certain 
     individuals.--
       ``(i) In general.--Each State'', and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iii) Application to workforce partnerships.--To the 
     extent that a State agency requires an individual to 
     participate in an employment and training program, the State 
     agency shall consider an individual participating in a 
     workforce partnership to be in compliance with the employment 
     and training requirements.'',
       (4) in subparagraph (H), by striking ``(B)(v)'' and 
     inserting ``(B)(i)(V)'', and
       (5) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(N) Workforce partnerships.--
       ``(i) Certification.--In certifying that a program meets 
     the requirements of subitems (AA) and (BB) of subparagraph 
     (B)(ii)(I)(bb) to be certified as a workforce partnership, 
     the Secretary or the State agency shall require that the 
     program submit to the Secretary or State agency sufficient 
     information that describes--

       ``(I) the services and activities of the program that would 
     provide participants with not less than 20 hours per week of 
     training, work, or experience under those subitems; and
       ``(II) how the program would provide services and 
     activities described in subclause (I) that would directly 
     enhance the employability or job readiness of the 
     participant.

       ``(ii) Supplement, not supplant.--A State agency may use a 
     workforce partnership to supplement, not to supplant, the 
     employment and training program of the State agency.
       ``(iii) Participation.--A State agency--

       ``(I) shall--

       ``(aa) maintain a list of workforce partnerships certified 
     under subparagraph (B)(ii)(I)(bb); and
       ``(bb) not less frequently than at certification and 
     recertification, provide to a household member subject to 
     work requirements under subsection (d)(1) or subsection (o), 
     electronically or by other means, the list described in item 
     (aa); but

       ``(II) may not require any member of a household 
     participating in the supplemental nutrition assistance 
     program to participate in a workforce partnership.

       ``(iv) Effect.--

       ``(I) In general.--A workforce partnership shall not 
     replace the employment or training of an individual not 
     participating in the workforce partnership.
       ``(II) Selection.--Nothing in this subsection or subsection 
     (o) affects the criteria or screening process for selecting 
     participants by a workforce partnership.

       ``(v) Limitation on reporting requirements.--In carrying 
     out this subparagraph, the Secretary and each applicable 
     State agency shall limit the reporting requirements of a 
     workforce partnership to--

       ``(I) on notification that an individual is receiving 
     supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits, notifying 
     the applicable State agency that the individual is 
     participating in the workforce partnership;
       ``(II) identifying participants who have completed or are 
     no longer participating in the workforce partnership;
       ``(III) identifying changes to the workforce partnership 
     that result in the workforce partnership no longer meeting 
     the certification requirements of the Secretary or the State 
     agency under subparagraph (B)(ii)(I)(bb); and
       ``(IV) providing sufficient information, on request by the 
     State agency, for the State agency to verify that a 
     participant is fulfilling any applicable work requirements 
     under this subsection or subsection (o).

       ``(O) Referral of certain individuals.--
       ``(i) In general.--In accordance with such regulations as 
     may be issued by the Secretary, with respect to any 
     individual who is not eligible for an exemption under 
     paragraph (2) and who is determined by the operator of an 
     employment and training program component to be ill-suited to 
     participate in that employment and training program 
     component, the State agency shall--

       ``(I) refer the individual to an appropriate employment and 
     training program component;
       ``(II) refer the individual to an appropriate workforce 
     partnership, if available;
       ``(III) reassess the physical and mental fitness of the 
     individual under paragraph (1)(A); or
       ``(IV) to the maximum extent practicable, coordinate with 
     other Federal, State, or local workforce or assistance 
     programs to identify work opportunities or assistance for the 
     individual.

       ``(ii) Process.--In carrying out clause (i), the State 
     agency shall ensure that an individual undergoing and 
     complying with the process established under that clause 
     shall not be found to have refused without good cause to 
     participate in an employment and training program.''.
       (b) Work Requirements.--Section 6(o) of the Food and 
     Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2015(o)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the end,
       (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``job search program or 
     a job search training program.'' and inserting ``supervised 
     job search program or job search training program;'', and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) a program of employment and training for veterans 
     operated by the Department of Labor or the Department of 
     Veterans Affairs, and approved by the Secretary; and
       ``(E) a workforce partnership under subsection 
     (d)(4)(N).'',
       (2) in paragraph (4)(A) by inserting ``and with the support 
     of the chief executive officer of the State'' after 
     ``agency'', and
       (3) in paragraph (6)--
       (A) in the heading by striking ``15-percent exemption'' and 
     inserting ``Exemptions'',
       (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``(G)'' and inserting 
     ``(H)'',
       (C) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``(E) and (G)'' and 
     inserting ``(F) and (H)'' ,
       (D) in subparagraph (D)--
       (i) in the heading by striking ``Subsequent fiscal years'' 
     and inserting ``Fiscal years 1999 through 2019'',
       (ii) by striking ``(E) through (G)'' and inserting ``(F) 
     through (H)'', and
       (iii) by striking ``year,'' and inserting ``year through 
     fiscal year 2019,'',
       (E) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``or (D)'' and 
     inserting ``, (D), or (E)'',
       (F) by redesignating subparagraphs (E), (F), and (G) as 
     subparagraphs (F), (G), and (H), respectively, and
       (G) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
       ``(E) Subsequent fiscal years.--Subject to subparagraphs 
     (F) through (H), for fiscal year 2020 and each subsequent 
     fiscal year, a State agency may provide a number of 
     exemptions such that the average monthly number of exemptions 
     in effect during the fiscal year does not exceed 12 percent 
     of the number of covered individuals in the State, as 
     estimated by the Secretary under subparagraph (C), adjusted 
     by the Secretary to reflect changes in the State's caseload 
     and the Secretary's estimate of changes in the proportion of 
     members of households that receive supplemental nutrition 
     assistance program benefits covered by waivers granted under 
     paragraph (4).''.
       (c) State Plans.--Section 11 of the Food and Nutrition Act 
     of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (e)(19) by inserting ``the extent to 
     which such programs will be carried out in coordination with 
     the activities carried out under title I of the Workforce 
     Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3111 et seq.),'' 
     before ``and the basis,'', and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(w) For households containing at least one adult, with no 
     elderly or disabled members and with no earned income at 
     their last certification or required report, a State agency 
     shall, at the time of recertification, be required to advise 
     members of the household not exempt under section 6(d)(2) 
     regarding available employment and training services.''.
       (d) Funding of Employment and Training Programs.--Section 
     16(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
     2025(h)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``$90,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$103,900,000'',

[[Page H9860]]

       (B) in subparagraph (C)--
       (i) in clause (i) by inserting ``, subject to clauses (ii) 
     through (v),'' after ``(B), the Secretary'', and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iv) Priority.--The Secretary shall reallocate funds 
     under this subparagraph as follows:

       ``(I)(aa) Subject to items (bb) and (cc), not less than 50 
     percent shall be reallocated to State agencies requesting 
     such funds to conduct employment and training programs and 
     activities for which such State agencies had previously 
     received funding under subparagraph (F)(viii) that the 
     Secretary determines have the most demonstrable impact on the 
     ability of participants to find and retain employment that 
     leads to increased household income and reduced reliance on 
     public assistance.
       ``(bb) The Secretary shall base the determination under 
     item (aa) on--

       ``(AA) project results from the independent evaluations 
     conducted under subparagraph (F)(vii)(I); or
       ``(BB) if the project results from the independent 
     evaluations conducted under subparagraph (F)(vii)(I) are not 
     yet available, the reports under subparagraph (F)(vii)(II) or 
     other information relating to performance of the programs and 
     activities funded under subparagraph (F)(viii).

       ``(cc) Employment and training activities funded under this 
     subclause are not subject to subparagraph (F)(vii), but are 
     subject to monitoring under paragraph (h)(5).
       ``(II) Not less than 30 percent shall be reallocated to 
     State agencies requesting such funds to implement or continue 
     employment and training programs and activities under section 
     6(d)(4)(B)(i) that the Secretary determines have the most 
     demonstrable impact on the ability of participants to find 
     and retain employment that leads to increased household 
     income and reduced reliance on public assistance, including 
     programs and activities that are targeted to--

       ``(aa) individuals 50 years of age or older;
       ``(bb) formerly incarcerated individuals;
       ``(cc) individuals participating in a substance abuse 
     treatment program;
       ``(dd) homeless individuals;
       ``(ee) people with disabilities seeking to enter the 
     workforce;
       ``(ff) other individuals with substantial barriers to 
     employment; or
       ``(gg) households facing multi-generational poverty, to 
     support employment and workforce participation through an 
     integrated and family-focused approach in providing 
     supportive services.

       ``(III) The Secretary shall reallocate any remaining funds 
     available under this subparagraph, to State agencies 
     requesting such funds to use for employment and training 
     programs and activities that the Secretary determines have 
     the most demonstrable impact on the ability of participants 
     to find and retain employment that leads to increased 
     household income and reduced reliance on public assistance 
     under section 6(d)(4)(B)(i).

       ``(v) Consideration.--In reallocating funds under this 
     subparagraph, a State agency that receives reallocated funds 
     under clause (iv)(I) may also be considered for reallocated 
     funding under clause (iv)(II).'', and
       (C) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``$50,000'' and 
     inserting ``$100,000'', and
       (2) in paragraph (5)(B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(v) State option.--The State agency may report relevant 
     data from a workforce partnership carried out under section 
     6(d)(4)(N) to demonstrate the number of program participants 
     served by the workforce partnership.''.
       (e) Expired Authority.--Section 17(b) of the Food and 
     Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026(b)) is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (2), and
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).

     SEC. 4006. IMPROVEMENTS TO ELECTRONIC BENEFIT TRANSFER 
                   SYSTEM.

       (a) EBT Portability.--Section 7(f)(5) of the Food and 
     Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(f)(5)) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) Operation of individual point of sale device by 
     farmers' markets and direct marketing farmers.--A farmers' 
     market or direct marketing farmer that is exempt under 
     paragraph (2)(B)(i) shall be allowed to operate an individual 
     electronic benefit transfer point of sale device at more than 
     1 location under the same supplemental nutrition assistance 
     program authorization, if--
       ``(i) the farmers' market or direct marketing farmer 
     provides to the Secretary information on location and hours 
     of operation at each location; and
       ``(ii)(I) the point of sale device used by the farmers' 
     market or direct marketing farmer is capable of providing 
     location information of the device through the electronic 
     benefit transfer system; or
       ``(II) if the Secretary determines that the technology is 
     not available for a point of sale device to meet the 
     requirement under subclause (I), the farmers' market or 
     direct marketing farmer provides to the Secretary any other 
     information, as determined by the Secretary, necessary to 
     ensure the integrity of transactions processed using the 
     point of sale device.''.
       (b) Modernization of Electronic Benefit Transfer 
     Regulations.--The 1st sentence of section 7(h)(2) of the Food 
     and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(2)) is amended by 
     inserting ``and shall periodically review such regulations 
     and modify such regulations to take into account evolving 
     technology and comparable industry standards'' before the 
     period at the end.
       (c) Benefit Recovery.--Section 7(h)(12) of the Food and 
     Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(12)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``, or due to the 
     death of all members of the household'' after ``inactivity'', 
     and
       (2) by striking subparagraphs (B) and (C) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(B) Benefit storage.--
       ``(i) In general.--A State agency may store recovered 
     electronic benefits off-line in accordance with clause (ii), 
     if the household has not accessed the account after 3 months.
       ``(ii) Notice of benefit storage.--A State agency shall--

       ``(I) send notice to a household the benefits of which are 
     stored under clause (i); and
       ``(II) not later than 48 hours after request by the 
     household, make the stored benefits available to the 
     household.

       ``(C) Benefit expunging.--
       ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), a State agency 
     shall expunge benefits that have not been accessed by a 
     household after a period of 9 months, or upon verification 
     that all members of the household are deceased.
       ``(ii) Notice of benefit expunging.--Not later than 30 days 
     before benefits are to be expunged under clause (i), a State 
     agency shall--

       ``(I) provide sufficient notice to the household that 
     benefits will be expunged due to inactivity, and the date 
     upon which benefits will be expunged;
       ``(II) for benefits stored off-line in accordance with 
     subparagraph (B), provide the household an opportunity to 
     request that such benefits be restored to the household; and
       ``(III) not later than 48 hours after request by the 
     household, make the benefits available to the household.''.

       (d) Prohibited Fees.--Section 7 of the Food and Nutrition 
     Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016) is amended--
       (1) by amending subsection (h)(13) to read as follows:
       ``(13) Fees.--
       ``(A) Interchange fees.--No interchange fees shall apply to 
     electronic benefit transfer transactions under this 
     subsection.
       ``(B) Other fees.--Effective through fiscal year 2023, 
     neither a State, nor any agent, contractor, or subcontractor 
     of a State who facilitates the provision of supplemental 
     nutrition assistance program benefits in such State may 
     impose a fee for switching (as defined in subsection 
     (j)(1)(H)) or routing such benefits.'', and
       (2) by amending subsection (j)(1)(H) to read as follows:
       ``(H) Switching.--The term `switching' means the routing of 
     an intrastate or interstate transaction that consists of 
     transmitting the details of a transaction electronically 
     recorded through the use of an electronic benefit transfer 
     card in one State to the issuer of the card that may be in 
     the same or different State.''.
       (e) Mobile Technologies.--Section 7(h)(14) of the Food and 
     Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(14)) is amended--
       (1) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
     Secretary shall authorize the use of mobile technologies for 
     the purpose of accessing supplemental nutrition assistance 
     program benefits.'',
       (2) in subparagraph (B)--
       (A) by striking the heading and inserting ``Demonstration 
     projects on access of benefits through mobile technologies'',
       (B) by amending clause (i) to read as follows:
       ``(i) Demonstration projects.--Before authorizing 
     implementation of subparagraph (A) in all States, the 
     Secretary shall approve not more than 5 demonstration project 
     proposals submitted by State agencies that will pilot the use 
     of mobile technologies for supplemental nutrition assistance 
     program benefits access.'',
       (C) in clause (ii)--
       (i) in the heading by striking ``Demonstration projects'' 
     and inserting ``Project requirements'',
       (ii) by striking ``retail food store'' the first place it 
     appears and inserting ``State agency'',
       (iii) by striking ``includes'',
       (iv) by striking subclauses (I), (II), (III), and (IV), and 
     inserting the following:

       ``(I) provides recipient protections regarding privacy, 
     ease of use, household access to benefits, and support 
     similar to the protections provided under existing methods;
       ``(II) ensures that all recipients, including those without 
     access to mobile payment technology and those who shop across 
     State borders, have a means of benefit access;
       ``(III) requires retail food stores, unless exempt under 
     section 7(f)(2)(B), to bear the costs of acquiring and 
     arranging for the implementation of point-of-sale equipment 
     and supplies for the redemption of benefits that are accessed 
     through mobile technologies;
       ``(IV) requires that foods purchased with benefits issued 
     under this section through mobile technologies are purchased 
     at a price not higher than the price of the same food 
     purchased by other methods used by the retail food store, as 
     determined by the Secretary;
       ``(V) ensures adequate documentation for each authorized 
     transaction, adequate security measures to deter fraud, and 
     adequate access to retail food stores that accept benefits 
     accessed through mobile technologies, as determined by the 
     Secretary;
       ``(VI) provides for an evaluation of the demonstration 
     project, including, but not limited to, an evaluation of 
     household access to benefits;
       ``(VII) requires that the State demonstration projects are 
     voluntary for all retail food stores and that all recipients 
     are able to use benefits in non-participating retail food 
     stores; and
       ``(VIII) meets other criteria as established by the 
     Secretary.'',

       (D) by amending clause (iii) to read as follows:
       ``(iv) Date of project approval.--The Secretary shall 
     solicit and approve the qualifying demonstration projects 
     required under subparagraph (B)(i) not later than January 1, 
     2021.'', and

[[Page H9861]]

       (E) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
       ``(iii) Priority.--The Secretary may prioritize 
     demonstration project proposals that would--

       ``(I) reduce fraud;
       ``(II) encourage positive nutritional outcomes; and
       ``(III) meet such other criteria as determined by the 
     Secretary.'', and

       (3) in subparagraph (C)(i)--
       (A) by striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2022'', and
       (B) by inserting ``requires further study by way of an 
     extended pilot period or'' after ``States'' the 2d place it 
     appears.
       (f) Approval of Retail Food Stores.--Section 9 of the Food 
     and Nutrition Act (7 U.S.C. 2018) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
       (A) in the 4th sentence by striking ``No retail food 
     store'' and inserting the following:
       ``(D) Visit required.--No retail food store'',
       (B) in the 3d sentence by striking ``Approval'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(C) Certificate.--Approval'',
       (C) in the 2d sentence--
       (i) by striking ``food; and (D) the'' and inserting the 
     following: ``food;
       ``(iv) any information, if available, about the ability of 
     the anticipated or existing electronic benefit transfer 
     equipment and service provider of the applicant to provide 
     sufficient information through the electronic benefit 
     transfer system to minimize the risk of fraudulent 
     transactions; and
       ``(v) the'',
       (ii) by striking ``concern; (C) whether'' and inserting the 
     following: ``concern;
       ``(iii) whether'',
       (iii) by striking ``applicant; (B) the'' and inserting the 
     following: ``applicant;
       ``(ii) the'',
       (iv) by striking ``following: (A) the nature'' and 
     inserting the following: ``following:
       ``(i) the nature'', and
       (v) in the matter preceding clause (i), as so designated, 
     by striking ``In determining'' and inserting the following:
       ``(B) Factors for consideration.--In determining'', and
       (D) in the 1st sentence by striking ``(a)(1) Regulations'' 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(a) Authorization to Accept and Redeem Benefits.--
       ``(1) Applications.--
       ``(A) In general.--Regulations'',
       (2) in subsection (a) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Electronic benefit transfer equipment and service 
     providers.--Before implementing clause (iv) of paragraph 
     (1)(B), the Secretary shall issue guidance for retail food 
     stores on how to select electronic benefit transfer equipment 
     and service providers that are able to meet the requirements 
     of that clause.'', and
       (3) in the 1st sentence of subsection (c) by inserting 
     ``records relating to electronic benefit transfer equipment 
     and related services, transaction and redemption data 
     provided through the electronic benefit transfer system,'' 
     after ``purchase invoices,''.

     SEC. 4007. REVIEW OF SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE 
                   PROGRAM OPERATIONS.

       Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
     2018) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(i) Review of Program Operations.--
       ``(1) Review by the secretary.--The Secretary--
       ``(A) shall review a representative sample of currently 
     authorized facilities referred to in section 3(k)(3) to 
     determine whether benefits are properly used by or on behalf 
     of participating households residing in such facilities and 
     whether such facilities are using more than 1 source of 
     Federal or State funding to meet the food needs of residents;
       ``(B) may carry out similar reviews for currently 
     participating residential drug and alcohol treatment and 
     rehabilitation programs, and group living arrangements for 
     the blind and disabled, referred to in section 3(k);
       ``(C) shall gather information, and such facilities, 
     programs, and arrangements shall be required to submit 
     information deemed necessary for a full and thorough review; 
     and
       ``(D) shall report the results of these reviews to the 
     Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
     the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
     Senate not later than 18 months after the date of the 
     enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, along 
     with recommendations regarding--
       ``(i) any additional requirements or oversight that would 
     be appropriate for such facilities, programs, and 
     arrangements; and
       ``(ii) whether such facilities, programs, and arrangements 
     should continue to be authorized to participate in the 
     supplemental nutrition assistance program.
       ``(2) Limitation.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
     authorize the Secretary to deny any application for continued 
     authorization, any application for authorization, or any 
     request to withdraw the authorization of any such facility, 
     program, or arrangement based on a determination that 
     residents of any such facility or entity are residents of an 
     institution for a period of 18 months from the date of 
     enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018.''.

     SEC. 4008. RETAIL INCENTIVES.

       Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
     2018), as amended by section 4007, is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:
       ``(j) Incentives.--
       ``(1) Definition of eligible incentive food.--In this 
     subsection, the term `eligible incentive food' means--
       ``(A) a staple food that is identified for increased 
     consumption, consistent with the most recent dietary 
     recommendations; and
       ``(B) a fruit, vegetable, dairy, whole grain, or product 
     thereof.
       ``(2) Guidance.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall issue guidance to 
     clarify the process by which an approved retail food store 
     may seek a waiver to offer an incentive, which may be used 
     only for the purchase of an eligible incentive food at the 
     point of purchase, to a household purchasing food with 
     benefits issued under this Act.
       ``(B) Guidance.--The guidance under subparagraph (A) shall 
     establish a process under which an approved retail food 
     store, prior to carrying out an incentive program under this 
     subsection, shall provide to the Secretary information 
     describing the incentive program, including--
       ``(i) the types of incentives that will be offered;
       ``(ii) the types of foods that will be incentivized for 
     purchase; and
       ``(iii) an explanation of how the incentive program intends 
     to support meeting dietary intake goals.
       ``(3) No limitation on benefits.--A waiver granted under 
     this subsection shall not be used to carry out any activity 
     that limits the use of benefits under this Act or any other 
     Federal nutrition law.
       ``(4) Effect.--Guidance provided under this subsection 
     shall not affect any requirements under section 4405 of the 
     Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 7517), 
     including the eligibility of a retail food store to 
     participate in a project funded under such section.
       ``(5) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
     on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
     Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
     Senate an annual report describing the types of incentives 
     approved under this subsection.''.

     SEC. 4009. REQUIRED ACTION ON DATA MATCH INFORMATION.

       Section 11(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
     U.S.C. 2020(e)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (24) by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon,
       (2) in paragraph (25) by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and'', and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(26) that for a household participating in the 
     supplemental nutrition assistance program, the State agency 
     shall pursue clarification and verification, if applicable, 
     of information relating to the circumstances of the household 
     received from data matches for the purpose of ensuring an 
     accurate eligibility and benefit determination, only if the 
     information--
       ``(A) appears to present significantly conflicting 
     information from the information that was used by the State 
     agency at the time of certification of the household;
       ``(B) is obtained from data matches carried out under 
     subsection (q), (r), or (x); or
       ``(C)(i) is less than 60 days old relative to the current 
     month of participation of the household; and
       ``(ii) if accurate, would have been required to be reported 
     by the household based on the reporting requirements assigned 
     to the household by the State agency under section 6(c).''.

     SEC. 4010. INCENTIVIZING TECHNOLOGY MODERNIZATION.

       Section 11(t) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
     U.S.C. 2020(t)) is amended--
       (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``Grants for 
     Simplified Application and Eligibility Determination Systems 
     and Improved Access to Benefits'',
       (2) in paragraph (1) by striking ``implement--'' and all 
     that follows through the period at the end, and inserting 
     ``implement supplemental nutrition assistance program 
     simplified application and eligibility determination 
     systems.'', and
       (3) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
       ``(B) establishing enhanced technological methods that 
     improve the administrative infrastructure used in processing 
     applications and determining eligibility; or'',
       (B) by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D), and
       (C) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (C).

     SEC. 4011. INTERSTATE DATA MATCHING TO PREVENT MULTIPLE 
                   ISSUANCES.

       Section 11 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
     2020), as amended by section 4005(c), is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:
       ``(x) National Accuracy Clearinghouse.--
       ``(1) Definition of indication of multiple issuance.--In 
     this subsection, the term `indication of multiple issuance' 
     means an indication, based on a computer match, that 
     supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits are being 
     issued to an individual by more than 1 State agency 
     simultaneously.
       ``(2) Establishment.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an 
     interstate data system, to be known as the `National Accuracy 
     Clearinghouse', to prevent multiple issuances of supplemental 
     nutrition assistance program benefits to an individual by 
     more than 1 State agency simultaneously.
       ``(B) Data matching.--The Secretary shall require that 
     State agencies make available to the National Accuracy 
     Clearinghouse only such information as is necessary for the 
     purpose described in subparagraph (A).
       ``(C) Data protection.--The information made available by 
     State agencies under subparagraph (B)--
       ``(i) shall be used only for the purpose described in 
     subparagraph (A);
       ``(ii) shall be exempt from the disclosure requirements of 
     section 552(a) of title 5 of the United States Code pursuant 
     to section 552(b)(3) of title 5 of the United States Code, to 
     the extent such information is obtained or received by the 
     Secretary;

[[Page H9862]]

       ``(iii) shall not be retained for longer than is necessary 
     to accomplish the purpose in subparagraph (A);
       ``(iv) shall be used in a manner that protects the identity 
     and location of a vulnerable individual (including a victim 
     of domestic violence) that is an applicant for, or recipient 
     of, supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits; and
       ``(v) shall meet security standards as determined by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(3) Issuance of interim final regulations.--Not later 
     than 18 months after the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
     Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary shall promulgate 
     regulations (which shall include interim final regulations) 
     to carry out this subsection that--
       ``(A) incorporate best practices and lessons learned from 
     the pilot program under section 4032(c) of the Agricultural 
     Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 2036c(c));
       ``(B) require a State agency to take appropriate action, as 
     determined by the Secretary, with respect to each indication 
     of multiple issuance of supplemental nutrition assistance 
     program benefits, or each indication that an individual 
     receiving such benefits in 1 State has applied to receive 
     such benefits in another State, while ensuring timely and 
     fair service to applicants for, and recipients of, such 
     benefits;
       ``(C) establish standards to limit and protect the 
     information submitted through or retained by the National 
     Accuracy Clearinghouse consistent with paragraph (2)(C);
       ``(D) establish safeguards to protect--
       ``(i) the information submitted through or retained by the 
     National Accuracy Clearinghouse, including by limiting the 
     period of time that information is retained to the period 
     necessary to accomplish the purpose described in paragraph 
     (2)(A); and
       ``(ii) the privacy of information that is submitted through 
     or retained by the National Accuracy Clearinghouse consistent 
     with subsection (e)(8); and
       ``(E) include such other rules and standards the Secretary 
     determines appropriate to carry out this subsection.
       ``(4) Timing.--The initial match and corresponding actions 
     required by paragraph (3)(B) shall occur within 3 years after 
     the date of the enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act 
     of 2018.''.

     SEC. 4012. REQUIREMENT OF LIVE-PRODUCTION ENVIRONMENTS FOR 
                   CERTAIN PILOT PROJECTS RELATING TO COST SHARING 
                   FOR COMPUTERIZATION.

       Section 16(g)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
     U.S.C. 2025(g)(1)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (F) by redesignating clauses (i) and 
     (ii) as subclauses (I) and (II), respectively, and indenting 
     appropriately;
       (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (F) as 
     clauses (i) through (vi), respectively, and indenting 
     appropriately;
       (3) in the matter preceding clause (i), as so 
     redesignated--
       (A) by striking ``paragraphs (2) and (3)'' and inserting 
     ``paragraph (2)''; and
       (B) by striking ``in the planning'' and inserting the 
     following: ``in the--
       ``(A) planning'',
       (4) in clause (v), as so redesignated, of subparagraph (A), 
     as so designated, by striking ``implementation, including 
     through pilot projects in limited areas for major systems 
     changes as determined under rules promulgated by the 
     Secretary, data from which'' and inserting the following: 
     ``implementation, including a requirement that--

       ``(I) such testing shall be accomplished through pilot 
     projects in limited areas for major systems changes (as 
     determined under rules promulgated by the Secretary);
       ``(II) each pilot project described in subclause (I) that 
     is carried out before the implementation of a system shall be 
     conducted in a live-production environment; and
       ``(III) the data resulting from each pilot project carried 
     out under this clause'';

       (5) in clause (vi), as so redesignated, by striking the 
     period at end and inserting ``; and'', and
       (6) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) operation of 1 or more automatic data processing and 
     information retrieval systems that the Secretary determines 
     may continue to be operated in accordance with clauses (i) 
     through (vii) of subparagraph (A).''.

     SEC. 4013. QUALITY CONTROL IMPROVEMENTS.

       (a) Records.--Section 11(a)(3)(B) of the Food and Nutrition 
     Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020(a)(3)(B)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Records described'' and inserting ``All 
     records, and the entire information systems in which records 
     are contained, that are covered'', and
       (2) by amending clause (i) to read as follows:
       ``(i) be made available for inspection and audit by the 
     Secretary, subject to data and security protocols agreed to 
     by the State agency and Secretary;''.
       (b) Quality Control System.--Section 16(c)(1)(B) of the 
     Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(c)(1)(B)) is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(B) Quality control system integrity.--
       ``(i) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 
     Secretary shall issue interim final regulations that--

       ``(I) ensure that the quality control system established 
     under this subsection produces valid statistical results;
       ``(II) provide for oversight of contracts entered into by a 
     State agency for the purpose of improving payment accuracy;
       ``(III) ensure the accuracy of data collected under the 
     quality control system established under this subsection; and
       ``(IV) for each fiscal year, to the maximum extent 
     practicable, provide for the evaluation of the integrity of 
     the quality control process of not fewer than 2 State 
     agencies, selected in accordance with criteria determined by 
     the Secretary.

       ``(ii) Debarment.--In accordance with the nonprocurement 
     debarment procedures under part 417 of title 2, Code of 
     Federal Regulations, or successor regulations, the Secretary 
     shall debar any person that, in carrying out the quality 
     control system established under this subsection, knowingly 
     submits, or causes to be submitted, false information to the 
     Secretary.''.
       (c) Reporting Requirements.--The 1st sentence of section 
     16(c)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
     2025(c)(4)) is amended by inserting ``, including providing 
     access to applicable State records and the entire information 
     systems in which the records are contained,'' after 
     ``necessary''.
       (d) State Performance Indicators.--Section 16(d) of the 
     Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(d)) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``State 
     Performance Indicators'',
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in the heading by striking ``and thereafter'' and 
     inserting ``through 2017'',
       (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and each fiscal year 
     thereafter'' and inserting ``through fiscal year 2017'', and
       (C) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and each fiscal year 
     thereafter'' and inserting ``through fiscal year 2017'', and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(6) Fiscal year 2018 and fiscal years thereafter.--
       ``(A) With respect to fiscal year 2018 and each fiscal year 
     thereafter, the Secretary shall establish, by regulation, 
     performance criteria relating to--
       ``(i) actions taken to correct errors, reduce rates of 
     error, and improve eligibility determinations; and
       ``(ii) other indicators of effective administration 
     determined by the Secretary.
       ``(B) The Secretary shall not award performance bonus 
     payments to State agencies in fiscal year 2019 for fiscal 
     year 2018 performance.''.
       (e) Cost Sharing for Computerization.--Section 16(g)(1)(A) 
     of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
     2025(g)(1)(A)), as amended by section 4012, is amended--
       (1) in clause (v)(III) by striking ``and'', and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(vii) would be accessible by the Secretary for inspection 
     and audit under section 11(a)(3)(B); and''.

     SEC. 4014. EVALUATION OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT 
                   COOPERATION REQUIREMENTS.

       Section 17 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
     2026) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(m) Evaluation of Child Support Enforcement Cooperation 
     Requirements.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall conduct an 
     independent evaluation of a representative sample of States--
       ``(A) to assess the implementation and impact of the 
     eligibility requirements described in subsections (l) through 
     (n) of section 6 in States that have formerly implemented or 
     continue to implement those requirements, and the feasibility 
     of implementing those requirements in other States;
       ``(B) to assess the factors that contributed to the 
     decision of States that formerly implemented the eligibility 
     requirements described in each of subsections (l) through (n) 
     of section 6 to cease such implementation;
       ``(C) to review alternatives to the eligibility 
     requirements described in each of subsections (l) through (n) 
     of section 6 that are used by other States to assist 
     participants in the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
     to make or receive child support payments and the 
     effectiveness of those alternatives; and
       ``(D) to evaluate the costs and benefits to households and 
     to State agencies, of requiring State agencies to implement 
     each of the eligibility requirements described in subsections 
     (l) through (n) of section 6.
       ``(2) Evaluation.--The evaluation under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, to the maximum extent practicable, an assessment 
     of--
       ``(A) the manner in which applicable State agencies 
     implement and enforce the eligibility requirements described 
     in subparagraph (A) of such paragraph, including--
       ``(i) the procedures used by each State to determine 
     cooperation, to sanction participants for failure to 
     cooperate, and to determine good cause for noncooperation 
     under each of subsections (l) through (n) of section 6; and
       ``(ii) the manner in which each State aligns the procedures 
     for implementing those eligibility requirements with 
     procedures for implementing other Federal programs that 
     require cooperation with child support enforcement, including 
     the program of block grants to States for temporary 
     assistance for needy families established under part A of 
     title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), 
     the Medicaid program under title XIX of the Social Security 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.), and programs carried out under 
     the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 (42 
     U.S.C. 9857 et seq.);
       ``(B) the Federal, State, and local costs associated with 
     implementing those eligibility requirements, including costs 
     incurred under this Act and by child support enforcement 
     agencies for personnel, technology upgrades, and other costs;
       ``(C) the effect of those eligibility requirements on the 
     establishment of new child support orders, the establishment 
     of paternity, changes in child support payments to custodial 
     households, and changes in arrears owed on child support 
     orders;
       ``(D) with respect to the eligibility requirements under 
     each of subsections (l) through (n) of section 6--

[[Page H9863]]

       ``(i) the number of individuals subject to those 
     requirements;
       ``(ii) the number of individuals in each State who meet 
     those requirements; and
       ``(iii) the number of individuals in each State who fail to 
     meet those requirements;
       ``(E) the number of individuals in each State for whom good 
     cause for noncooperation has been found under section 
     6(l)(2);
       ``(F) the impact of those eligibility requirements on the 
     supplemental nutrition assistance program eligibility, 
     benefit levels, food security, income, and economic stability 
     of--
       ``(i) individuals subject to those requirements;
       ``(ii) the household members of those individuals, 
     including children; and
       ``(iii) households with nontraditional family structures, 
     including a household in which a grandparent is the primary 
     caretaker of a grandchild of the grandparent.
       ``(3) State agency cooperation.--Each State agency selected 
     under paragraph (1) shall provide information to the 
     Secretary necessary to conduct the evaluation under such 
     paragraph.
       ``(4) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
     enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
     House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
     Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report describing the 
     findings from the evaluation conducted under paragraph 
     (1).''.

     SEC. 4015. LONGITUDINAL DATA FOR RESEARCH.

       (a) Longitudinal Data.--Section 17 of the Food and 
     Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026), as amended by section 
     4014, is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(n) Longitudinal Data for Research.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (3) through (5), a 
     State agency may, on approval by the Secretary, establish a 
     longitudinal database that contains information about 
     households and members of households that receive benefits 
     under the supplemental nutrition assistance program in the 
     State.
       ``(2) Purpose.--Each longitudinal database established 
     under paragraph (1) shall be used solely to conduct research 
     on participation in and the operation of the supplemental 
     nutrition assistance program, including duration of 
     participation in the program.
       ``(3) Requirements for databases.--Prior to the approval of 
     State agencies to establish longitudinal databases under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
       ``(A) identify features that shall be standard across 
     States such as database format to facilitate use of 
     longitudinal databases established under paragraph (1) for 
     research purposes;
       ``(B) identify features of longitudinal databases 
     established under paragraph (1) that may vary across States;
       ``(C) identify a procedure for States operating 
     longitudinal databases under paragraph (1) to use a unique 
     identifier to provide relevant information on household 
     members who receive benefits under the supplemental nutrition 
     assistance program for the purpose of comparing participation 
     data in multiple participating States over time while 
     protecting participant privacy;
       ``(D) establish the manner in which data security and 
     privacy protections, as required by Federal law and 
     consistent with other appropriate practices, shall be 
     implemented and maintained;
       ``(E) provide direction to State agencies on the 
     responsibilities of and funding arrangements for State 
     agencies and any State contractors (including entities 
     providing technical assistance) relating to the establishment 
     and operation of a longitudinal database;
       ``(F) provide a description of the documentation that 
     States shall submit to the Secretary prior to allowing 
     researchers access to a longitudinal database;
       ``(G) consult with other Federal research agencies, 
     including the Bureau of the Census;
       ``(H) consult with States that have already established 
     databases used for purposes similar to the purposes outlined 
     in this subsection; and
       ``(I) identify any other requirements determined 
     appropriate by the Secretary.
       ``(4) Included data.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), each 
     longitudinal database established under paragraph (1)--
       ``(i) shall include monthly information about households 
     and members of households that receive benefits under the 
     supplemental nutrition assistance program in the 
     participating State taken from existing information collected 
     by the State agency including, if available,--

       ``(I) demographic characteristics;
       ``(II) income and financial resources (as described in 
     section 5(g));
       ``(III) employment status;
       ``(IV) household circumstances, such as deductible 
     expenses; and
       ``(V) the amount of the monthly allotment received under 
     the supplemental nutrition assistance program; and

       ``(ii) may include information from other State data 
     sources such as--

       ``(I) earnings and employment data from the State 
     department of labor;
       ``(II) health insurance program data; or
       ``(III) data from participation in other programs 
     administered by the State.

       ``(B) Data protection.--Any State that establishes a 
     longitudinal database under paragraph (1) shall, in 
     accordance with all applicable Federal and State privacy 
     standards and requirements--
       ``(i) protect the privacy of information about each member 
     of each household that receives benefits under the 
     supplemental nutrition assistance program in such State by 
     ensuring that no personally identifiable information 
     (including social security number, home address, or contact 
     information) is included in the longitudinal database; and
       ``(ii) make the data under this paragraph available to 
     researchers and the Secretary.
       ``(5) Approval.--The Secretary shall approve the 
     establishment of longitudinal databases under paragraph (1) 
     in States that--
       ``(A) meet the requirements for databases under paragraph 
     (3) and (4)(B);
       ``(B) reflect a range of participant numbers, demographics, 
     operational structures, and geographic regions; and
       ``(C) have the capacity to provide on a periodic and 
     ongoing basis household and participant data derived from the 
     eligibility system and other data sources of the State.
       ``(6) Grants.--
       ``(A) In general.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
     Secretary may provide grants to States that have been 
     approved by the Secretary in accordance with paragraph (5) 
     out of funds made available under paragraph (9).
       ``(B) Method of awarding grants.--Grants awarded under this 
     paragraph shall be made in such amounts and under such terms 
     and conditions as the Secretary determines necessary to carry 
     out the purposes of this subsection.
       ``(7) Report.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than 4 years after the 
     effective date of this subsection, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
     and Forestry of the Senate a report on the feasibility of 
     expanding implementation of longitudinal databases to every 
     State.
       ``(B) Contents.--The report required under subparagraph (A) 
     shall describe--
       ``(i) the cost of expanding implementation of longitudinal 
     databases with consistent data to every State;
       ``(ii) the challenges and benefits of using State 
     longitudinal databases with consistent data; and
       ``(iii) alternatives to expanding implementation of 
     longitudinal databases with consistent data to every State 
     that may achieve similar research outcomes and the advantages 
     and disadvantages of those alternatives.
       ``(8) Effect.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
     construed to prevent or limit the ability of State agencies 
     to establish or continue operating databases used for 
     purposes similar to the purposes outlined in this subsection.
       ``(9) Funding.--Of the funds made available under section 
     18, the Secretary shall use to carry out this subsection--
       ``(A) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 to remain available 
     through fiscal year 2021; and
       ``(B) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2022 and each fiscal year 
     thereafter.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--The 1st sentence of section 
     16(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 is amended--
       (1) by striking ``and (8)'' and inserting ``(8)''; and
       (2) by inserting ``, and (9) establishing and operating a 
     longitudinal database in accordance with section 17(n)'' 
     before ``: Provided''.

     SEC. 4016. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       The 1st sentence of section 18(a)(1) of the Food and 
     Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027(a)(1)) is amended by 
     striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 4017. ASSISTANCE FOR COMMUNITY FOOD PROJECTS.

       Section 25(b)(2) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
     U.S.C. 2034(b)(2)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the end,
       (2) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``fiscal year 2015 and 
     each fiscal year thereafter.'' and inserting ``each of fiscal 
     years 2015 through 2018; and'', and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 and each fiscal year 
     thereafter.''.

     SEC. 4018. EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       (a) State Plan.--Section 202A(b) of the Emergency Food 
     Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7503(b)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) at the option of the State agency, describe a plan of 
     operation for 1 or more projects in partnership with 1 or 
     more emergency feeding organizations located in the State to 
     harvest, process, package, or transport donated commodities 
     received under section 203D(d); and
       ``(6) describe a plan, which may include the use of a State 
     advisory board established under subsection (c), that 
     provides emergency feeding organizations or eligible 
     recipient agencies within the State an opportunity to provide 
     input on the commodity preferences and needs of the emergency 
     feeding organization or eligible recipient agency.''.
       (b) State and Local Supplementation of Commodities.--
     Section 203D of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 
     U.S.C. 7507) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(d) Projects to Harvest, Process, Package, or Transport 
     Donated Commodities.--
       ``(1) Definition of project.--In this subsection, the term 
     `project' means the harvesting, processing, packaging, or 
     transportation of unharvested, unprocessed, or unpackaged 
     commodities donated by agricultural producers, processors, or 
     distributors for use by emergency feeding organizations under 
     subsection (a).
       ``(2) Federal funding for projects.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C) and 
     paragraph (3), using funds made available under paragraph 
     (5), the Secretary may provide funding to States to pay for 
     the costs of carrying out a project.
       ``(B) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
     project under subparagraph (A) shall not exceed 50 percent of 
     the total cost of the project.
       ``(C) Allocation.--
       ``(i) In general.--Each fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
     allocate the funds made available

[[Page H9864]]

     under subparagraph (A), based on a formula determined by the 
     Secretary, to States that have submitted a State plan 
     describing a plan of operation for a project under section 
     202A(b)(5).
       ``(ii) Reallocation.--If the Secretary determines that a 
     State will not expend all of the funds allocated to the State 
     for a fiscal year under clause (i), the Secretary shall 
     reallocate the unexpended funds to other States that have 
     submitted under section 202A(b)(5) a State plan describing a 
     plan of operation for a project during that fiscal year or 
     the subsequent fiscal year, as the Secretary determines 
     appropriate.
       ``(iii) Reports.--Each State to which funds are allocated 
     for a fiscal year under this subparagraph shall, on a regular 
     basis, submit to the Secretary financial reports describing 
     the use of the funds.
       ``(3) Project purposes.--A State may only use Federal funds 
     received under paragraph (2) for a project the purposes of 
     which are--
       ``(A) to reduce food waste at the agricultural production, 
     processing, or distribution level through the donation of 
     food;
       ``(B) to provide food to individuals in need; and
       ``(C) to build relationships between agricultural 
     producers, processors, and distributors and emergency feeding 
     organizations through the donation of food.
       ``(4) Cooperative agreements.--The Secretary may encourage 
     a State agency that carries out a project using Federal funds 
     received under paragraph (2) to enter into cooperative 
     agreements with State agencies of other States under section 
     203B(d) to maximize the use of commodities donated under the 
     project.
       ``(5) Funding.--Out of funds not otherwise appropriated, 
     the Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer to the Secretary 
     to carry out this subsection $4,000,000 for each of fiscal 
     years 2019 through 2023, to remain available until the end of 
     the subsequent fiscal year.''.
       (c) Food Waste.--Section 203D of the Emergency Food 
     Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7507), as amended by 
     subsection (b), is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(e) Food Waste.--The Secretary shall issue guidance 
     outlining best practices to minimize the food waste of the 
     commodities donated under subsection (a).''.
       (d) Emergency Food Program Infrastructure Grants.--Section 
     209(d) of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 
     7511a(d)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.
       (e) Availability of Commodities for the Emergency Food 
     Assistance Program.--Section 27(a) of the Food and Nutrition 
     Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2036(a)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023'';
       (B) in subparagraph (D)--
       (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'';
       (ii) in clause (iii), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (iii) in clause (iv), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (iv) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(v) for fiscal year 2019, $23,000,000;
       ``(vi) for fiscal year 2020, $35,000,000;
       ``(vii) for fiscal year 2021, $35,000,000;
       ``(viii) for fiscal year 2022, $35,000,000; and
       ``(ix) for fiscal year 2023, $35,000,000; and''; and
       (C) in subparagraph (E)--
       (i) by striking ``2019'' and inserting ``2024'';
       (ii) by striking ``(D)(iv)'' and inserting ``(D)(ix)''; and
       (iii) by striking ``June 30, 2017'' and inserting ``June 
     30, 2023''.

     SEC. 4019. NUTRITION EDUCATION.

       Section 28(c) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
     U.S.C. 2036a(c)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
     ``Except as provided in subparagraph (C), a'' and inserting 
     ``A'',
       (ii) in clause (ii) by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon,
       (iii) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (iv), and
       (iv) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
       ``(iii) describe how the State agency shall use an 
     electronic reporting system to--

       ``(I) measure and evaluate the projects; and
       ``(II) account for the allowable State agency 
     administrative costs including for--

       ``(aa) salaries and benefits of State agency personnel;
       ``(bb) office supplies and equipment;
       ``(cc) travel costs;
       ``(dd) development and production of nutrition education 
     materials;
       ``(ee) memberships, subscriptions, and professional 
     activities;
       ``(ff) lease or rental costs;
       ``(gg) maintenance and repair expenses;
       ``(hh) indirect costs; and
       ``(ii) cost of using publicly-owned building space; and'', 
     and
       (B) by striking subparagraph (C),
       (2) in paragraph (3)(B) in the matter preceding clause (i), 
     by inserting ``, the Director of the National Institute of 
     Food and Agriculture,'' before ``and outside stakeholders'',
       (3) in paragraph (5) by inserting ``the expanded food and 
     nutrition education program or'' before ``other health 
     promotion'', and
       (4) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(6) Information clearinghouse.--The Secretary shall 
     establish an online clearinghouse that makes available to 
     State agencies, local agencies, institutions of higher 
     education, and community organizations best practices for 
     planning, implementing, and evaluating nutrition education 
     and obesity prevention services to ensure that projects 
     carried out with funds received under this section are 
     appropriate for the target population.
       ``(7) Technical assistance.--The Secretary shall provide 
     technical assistance to a State agency in developing and 
     implementing a nutrition education State plan, including--
       ``(A) by identifying common challenges faced by entities 
     described in paragraph (6) that participate in projects 
     carried out with funds received under this section;
       ``(B) by coordinating efforts to address those common 
     challenges;
       ``(C) by collecting and disseminating information on 
     evidence-based practices relating to nutrition education and 
     obesity prevention;
       ``(D) by facilitating communication between and among 
     grantees and subgrantees of funds received under this 
     section;
       ``(E) by assisting State agencies in creating or 
     maintaining systems to compile program data; and
       ``(F) by performing or assisting with other activities, as 
     determined by the Secretary.
       ``(8) Annual state report.--Each State agency that delivers 
     nutrition education and obesity prevention services under 
     this subsection shall submit to the Secretary an annual 
     report, which shall be made publicly available by the 
     Secretary, that includes--
       ``(A) the use of funds on the State agency's program, 
     including for each category of allowable State agency 
     administrative costs identified in paragraph (2)(B)(iii)(II);
       ``(B) a description of each project carried out by that 
     agency under this subsection, including, with respect to the 
     project, the target population, interventions, educational 
     materials used, key performance indicators used, and 
     evaluations made;
       ``(C) a comprehensive analysis of the impacts and 
     outcomes--
       ``(i) of the project, including with respect to the 
     elements described in subparagraph (A); and
       ``(ii) to the extent practicable, of completed multiyear 
     projects; and
       ``(D) the status of any ongoing multiyear project.
       ``(9) Annual federal report.--The Administrator of the Food 
     and Nutrition Service, in consultation with the Director of 
     the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, shall 
     annually submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House 
     of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
     Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that--
       ``(A) evaluates the level of coordination between--
       ``(i) the nutrition education and obesity prevention grant 
     program under this section;
       ``(ii) the expanded food and nutrition education program 
     under section 1425 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3175); 
     and
       ``(iii) any other nutrition education program administered 
     by the Department of Agriculture; and
       ``(B) includes the use of funds on such programs including 
     State agency administrative costs reported by States under 
     paragraph (8)(A).''.

     SEC. 4020. RETAIL FOOD STORE AND RECIPIENT TRAFFICKING.

       Section 29(c)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
     U.S.C. 2036b(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 4021. PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS.

       The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) 
     is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 30. PILOT PROJECTS TO ENCOURAGE THE USE OF PUBLIC-
                   PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS COMMITTED TO ADDRESSING 
                   FOOD INSECURITY.

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may, on application of 
     eligible entities, approve not more than 10 pilot projects to 
     support public-private partnerships that address food 
     insecurity and poverty.
       ``(b) Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
       ``(1) the term `eligible entity' means--
       ``(A) a nonprofit organization;
       ``(B) a community-based organization;
       ``(C) an institution of higher education; or
       ``(D) a private entity, as determined by the Secretary; and
       ``(2) the term `public agency' means a department, agency, 
     other unit, or instrumentality of Federal, State, or local 
     government.
       ``(c) Project Requirements.--Projects approved under this 
     section shall--
       ``(1) be limited to 2 years in length; and
       ``(2) include a collaboration between one or more public 
     agencies and one or more eligible entities that--
       ``(A) improves the effectiveness and impact of the 
     supplemental nutrition assistance program;
       ``(B) develops food security solutions that are specific to 
     the needs of a community or region; and
       ``(C) strengthens the capacity of communities to address 
     food insecurity and poverty.
       ``(d) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall provide for an 
     independent evaluation of pilot projects approved under this 
     section that includes--
       ``(1) a summary of the activities conducted under the pilot 
     projects;
       ``(2) an assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot 
     projects; and
       ``(3) best practices regarding the use of public-private 
     partnerships to improve the effectiveness of public benefit 
     programs to address food insecurity and poverty.
       ``(e) Funding.--
       ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 to 
     remain available until expended.
       ``(2) Appropriation in advance.--Only funds appropriated 
     under paragraph (1) in advance

[[Page H9865]]

     specifically to carry out this section shall be available to 
     carry out this section.''.

     SEC. 4022. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

       The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) 
     is amended--
       (1) in section 3--
       (A) in subsections (d) and (i) by striking ``7(i)'' and 
     inserting ``7(h)'', and
       (B) in subsection (o)(1)(A) by striking ``(r)(1)'' and 
     inserting ``(q)(1)'',
       (2) in section 5(a) by striking ``and section'' each place 
     it appears and all that follows through ``households'' the 
     respective next place it appears, and inserting ``and section 
     3(m)(4), households'',
       (3) in subsections (e)(1) and (f)(1)(A)(i) of section 8 by 
     striking ``3(n)(5)'' and inserting ``3(m)(5)'',
       (4) in the 1st sentence of section 10--
       (A) by striking ``or the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance 
     Corporation'' each place it appears, and
       (B) by striking ``3(p)(4)'' and inserting ``3(o)(4)'',
       (5) in section 11--
       (A) in subsection (a)(2) by striking ``3(t)(1)'' and 
     inserting ``3(s)(1)'', and
       (B) in subsection (d)--
       (i) by striking ``3(t)(1)'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``3(s)(1)'', and
       (ii) by striking ``3(t)(2)'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``3(s)(2)'', and
       (C) in subsection (e)--
       (i) in paragraph (17) by striking ``3(t)(1)'' inserting 
     ``3(s)(1)'', and
       (ii) in paragraph (23) by striking ``Simplified 
     Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program'' and inserting 
     ``simplified supplemental nutrition assistance program'',
       (6) in section 15(e) by striking ``exchange'' and all that 
     follows through ``anything'', and inserting ``exchange for 
     benefits, or anything'',
       (7) in section 17(b)(1)(B)(iv)(III)(aa) by striking 
     ``3(n)'' and inserting ``3(m)'',
       (8) in section 25(a)(1)(B)(i)(I) by striking the 2d 
     semicolon at the end, and
       (9) in section 26(b) by striking ``out'' and all that 
     follows through ``(referred'', and inserting ``out a 
     simplified supplemental nutrition assistance program 
     (referred''.

              Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

     SEC. 4101. COMMODITY DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM.

       The 1st sentence of section 4(a) of the Agriculture and 
     Consumer Protection Act of 1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 4102. COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM.

       Section 5 of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 
     1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023'', and
       (B) in paragraph (2)(B), in the matter preceding clause 
     (i), by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'',
       (2) in subsection (d)(2), in the 1st sentence, by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'', and
       (3) in subsection (g)--
       (A) by striking ``Except'' and inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--Except'', and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Certification.--
       ``(A) Definition of certification period.--In this 
     paragraph, the term `certification period' means the period 
     during which a participant in the commodity supplemental food 
     program in a State may continue to receive benefits under the 
     commodity supplemental food program without a formal review 
     of the eligibility of the participant.
       ``(B) Minimum certification period.--Subject to 
     subparagraphs (C) and (D), a State shall establish for the 
     commodity supplemental food program of the State a 
     certification period of--
       ``(i) not less than 1 year; but
       ``(ii) not more than 3 years.
       ``(C) Temporary certification.--An eligible applicant for 
     the commodity supplemental food program in a State may be 
     provided with a temporary monthly certification to fill any 
     caseload slot resulting from nonparticipation by certified 
     participants.
       ``(D) Approvals.--A certification period of more than 1 
     year established by a State under subparagraph (B) shall be 
     subject to the approval of the Secretary, who shall approve 
     such a certification period on the condition that, with 
     respect to each participant receiving benefits under the 
     commodity supplemental food program of the State, the local 
     agency in the State administering the commodity supplemental 
     food program, on an annual basis during the certification 
     period applicable to the participant--
       ``(i) verifies the address and continued interest of the 
     participant; and
       ``(ii) has sufficient reason to determine that the 
     participant still meets the income eligibility standards 
     under paragraph (1), which may include a determination that 
     the participant has a fixed income.''.

     SEC. 4103. DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS COMMODITIES TO SPECIAL 
                   NUTRITION PROJECTS.

       Section 1114(a)(2)(A) of the Agriculture and Food Act of 
     1981 (7 U.S.C. 1431e(a)(2)(A)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 4104. FOOD DONATION STANDARDS.

       Section 203D of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 
     (7 U.S.C. 7507), as amended by section 4018(c), is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Food Donation Standards.--
       ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) Apparently wholesome food.--The term `apparently 
     wholesome food' has the meaning given the term in section 
     22(b) of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1791(b)).
       ``(B) Institution of higher education.--The term 
     `institution of higher education' has the meaning given the 
     term in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
     U.S.C. 1002).
       ``(C) Qualified direct donor.--The term `qualified direct 
     donor' means a retail food store, wholesaler, agricultural 
     producer, restaurant, caterer, school food authority, or 
     institution of higher education.
       ``(2) Guidance.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 
     Secretary shall issue guidance to promote awareness of 
     donations of apparently wholesome food protected under 
     section 22(c) of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 
     1791(c)) by qualified direct donors in compliance with 
     applicable State and local health, food safety, and food 
     handling laws (including regulations).
       ``(B) Issuance.--The Secretary shall encourage State 
     agencies and emergency feeding organizations to share the 
     guidance issued under subparagraph (A) with qualified direct 
     donors.''.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

     SEC. 4201. SENIORS FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM.

       Section 4402(a) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
     Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3007(a)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 4202. PURCHASE OF FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOR 
                   DISTRIBUTION TO SCHOOLS AND SERVICE 
                   INSTITUTIONS.

       Section 10603(b) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment 
     Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 612c-4(b)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 4203. SERVICE OF TRADITIONAL FOODS IN PUBLIC FACILITIES.

       Section 4033(d)(1) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (128 
     Stat. 818) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``and'' the 1st place it appears,
       (2) by inserting ``, a State, a county or county 
     equivalent, a local educational agency, and an entity or 
     person authorized to facilitate the donation, storage, 
     preparation, or serving of traditional food by the operator 
     of a food service program'' after ``organization'', and
       (3) by inserting ``storage, preparation, or'' after 
     ``donation to or''.

     SEC. 4204. HEALTHY FOOD FINANCING INITIATIVE.

       Section 243 of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization 
     Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6953) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and enterprises'' 
     after ``retailers'';
       (2) in subsection (b)(3)(B)(iii), by inserting ``and 
     enterprises'' after ``retailers''; and
       (3) in subsection (c)(2)(B)(ii), by inserting ``as 
     applicable,'' before ``to accept''.

     SEC. 4205. THE GUS SCHUMACHER NUTRITION INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

       (a) Amendment to Program.--Section 4405 of the Food, 
     Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 7517) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``the gus 
     schumacher nutrition incentive program'',
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
       ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means a 
     governmental agency or nonprofit organization.'',
       (B) in paragraph (3) by striking ``means the'' and all that 
     follows through the period at the end, and inserting the 
     following:
     ``means--
       ``(A) the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
     established under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
     U.S.C. 2011 et seq.); and
       ``(B) the programs for nutrition assistance under section 
     19 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 2028).'', and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Healthcare partner.--The term `healthcare partner' 
     means a healthcare provider, including--
       ``(A) a hospital;
       ``(B) a Federally-qualified health center (as defined in 
     section 1905(l) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
     1396d(l)));
       ``(C) a hospital or clinic operated by the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs; or
       ``(D) a healthcare provider group.
       ``(5) Member.--The term `member' means, as determined by 
     the applicable eligible entity or healthcare partner carrying 
     out a project under subsection (c) in accordance with 
     procedures established by the Secretary--
       ``(A) an individual eligible for--
       ``(i) benefits under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
     U.S.C. 2011 et seq.); or
       ``(ii) medical assistance under a State plan or a waiver of 
     such a plan under title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 
     U.S.C. 1396 et seq.) and enrolled under such plan or waiver; 
     and
       ``(B) a member of a low-income household that suffers from, 
     or is at risk of developing, a diet-related health 
     condition.'',
       (3) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``The'' and inserting 
     ``Except as provided in subparagraph (D)(iii), the'',
       (ii) in subparagraph (C) by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(iii) Tribal agencies.--The Secretary may allow a Tribal 
     agency to use funds provided to the Indian Tribe of the 
     Tribal agency through a Federal agency (including the Indian 
     Health Service) or other Federal benefit to satisfy all or 
     part of the non-Federal share described in clause (i) if such 
     use is otherwise consistent with the purpose of such 
     funds.'',
       (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as 
     subparagraphs (C) and (D), and

[[Page H9866]]

       (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
       ``(B) Partners and collaborators.--An eligible entity that 
     receives a grant under this subsection may partner with, or 
     make subgrants to, public, private, nonprofit, or for-profit 
     entities, including--
       ``(i) an emergency feeding organization;
       ``(ii) an agricultural cooperative;
       ``(iii) a producer network or association;
       ``(iv) a community health organization;
       ``(v) a public benefit corporation;
       ``(vi) an economic development corporation;
       ``(vii) a farmers' market;
       ``(viii) a community-supported agriculture program;
       ``(ix) a buying club;
       ``(x) a retail food store participating in the supplemental 
     nutrition assistance program;
       ``(xi) a State, local, or tribal agency;
       ``(xii) another eligible entity that receives a grant under 
     this subsection; and
       ``(xiii) any other entity the Secretary designates.'',
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
       ``(A) In general.--To receive a grant under this 
     subsection, an eligible entity shall--
       ``(i) meet the application criteria set forth by the 
     Secretary; and
       ``(ii) propose a project that, at a minimum--

       ``(I) has the support of the State agency administering the 
     supplemental nutrition assistance program;
       ``(II) would increase the purchase of fruits and vegetables 
     by low-income households participating in the supplemental 
     nutrition assistance program by providing an incentive for 
     the purchase of fruits and vegetables at the point of 
     purchase to a household purchasing food with supplemental 
     nutrition assistance program benefits;
       ``(III) except in the case of projects receiving $100,000 
     or less over 1 year, would measure the purchase of fruits and 
     vegetables by low-income households participating in the 
     supplemental nutrition assistance program;
       ``(IV) ensures that the same terms and conditions apply to 
     purchases made by individuals with benefits issued under the 
     Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 and incentives provided for in 
     this subsection as apply to purchases made by individuals who 
     are not members of households receiving benefits, such as 
     provided for in section 278.2(b) of title 7, Code of Federal 
     Regulations (or a successor regulation);
       ``(V) has adequate plans to collect data for reporting and 
     agrees to provide that information for the report described 
     in subsection (e)(2)(B)(iii); and
       ``(VI) would share information with the Nutrition Incentive 
     Program Training, Technical Assistance, Evaluation, and 
     Information Centers established under subsection (e).'',

       (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

       (I) by striking clause (v),
       (II) by redesignating clause (vi) as clause (x), and
       (III) by inserting after clause (iv) the following:

       ``(v) include a project design--

       ``(I) that provides incentives when fruits or vegetables 
     are purchased using supplemental nutrition assistance program 
     benefits; and
       ``(II) in which the incentives earned may be used only to 
     purchase fruits or vegetables;

       ``(vi) have demonstrated the ability to provide services to 
     underserved communities;
       ``(vii) include coordination with multiple stakeholders, 
     such as farm organizations, nutrition education programs, 
     cooperative extension services, public health departments, 
     health providers, private and public health insurance 
     agencies, cooperative grocers, grocery associations, and 
     community-based and nongovernmental organizations;
       ``(viii) offer supplemental services in high-need 
     communities, including online ordering, transportation 
     between home and store, and delivery services;
       ``(ix) include food retailers that are open--

       ``(I) for extended hours; and
       ``(II) most or all days of the year; or'', and

       (C) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4),
       (4) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``subsection (b) 
     $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and 
     inserting ``this section $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
     2014 through 2023'', and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``subsection (b)'' and inserting ``this section'',
       (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the end,
       (iii) in subparagraph (C) by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting a semicolon, and
       (iv) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) $45,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
       ``(D) $48,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
       ``(E) $48,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
       ``(F) $53,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
       ``(G) $56,000,000 for fiscal year 2023 and each fiscal year 
     thereafter.
       ``(3) Use of funds.--With respect to funds made available 
     under this section for fiscal years 2019 through 2023--
       ``(A) for each fiscal year the Secretary shall use not more 
     than 10 percent of such funds available for such fiscal year 
     for the produce prescription program described in subsection 
     (c);
       ``(B) for each fiscal year not more than 8 percent of such 
     funds available for such fiscal year shall be used by the 
     National Institute of Food and Agriculture and the Food and 
     Nutrition Service for administration; and
       ``(C) the Secretary shall use for the Nutrition Incentive 
     Program Training, Technical Assistance, Evaluation, and 
     Information Centers established under subsection (e) not more 
     than--
       ``(i) $17,000,000 in the aggregate for fiscal years 2019 
     and 2020; and
       ``(ii) $7,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2021 through 
     2023.'',
       (5) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (f), and
       (6) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
       ``(c) Produce Prescription Program.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a grant 
     program under which the Secretary shall award grants to 
     eligible entities to conduct projects that demonstrate and 
     evaluate the impact of the projects on--
       ``(A) the improvement of dietary health through increased 
     consumption of fruits and vegetables;
       ``(B) the reduction of individual and household food 
     insecurity; and
       ``(C) the reduction in healthcare use and associated costs.
       ``(2) Healthcare partners.--In carrying out a project using 
     a grant received under paragraph (1), an eligible entity 
     shall partner with 1 or more healthcare partners.
       ``(3) Grant applications.--
       ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
     paragraph (1), an eligible entity--
       ``(i) shall--

       ``(I) prescribe fresh fruits and vegetables to members;
       ``(II) submit to the Secretary an application containing 
     such information as the Secretary may require, including the 
     information described in subparagraph (B); and

       ``(ii) may--

       ``(I) provide financial or non-financial incentives for 
     members to purchase or procure fresh fruits and vegetables;
       ``(II) provide educational resources on nutrition to 
     members; and
       ``(III) establish additional accessible locations for 
     members to procure fresh fruits and vegetables.

       ``(B) Application.--An application shall--
       ``(i) identify the 1 or more healthcare partners with which 
     the eligible entity is partnering under paragraph (2); and
       ``(ii) include--

       ``(I) a description of the methods by which an eligible 
     entity shall--

       ``(aa) screen and verify eligibility for members for 
     participation in a produce prescription project, in 
     accordance with procedures established under subsection 
     (a)(5);
       ``(bb) implement an effective produce prescription project, 
     including the role of each healthcare partner in implementing 
     the produce prescription project;
       ``(cc) evaluate members participating in a produce 
     prescription project with respect to the matters described in 
     subparagraphs (A) through (C) of paragraph (1);
       ``(dd) provide educational opportunities relating to 
     nutrition to members participating in a produce prescription 
     project; and
       ``(ee) inform members of the availability of the produce 
     prescription project, including locations at which produce 
     prescriptions may be redeemed;

       ``(II) a description of any additional nonprofit or 
     emergency feeding organizations that shall be involved in the 
     project and the role of each additional nonprofit or 
     emergency feeding organization in implementing and evaluating 
     an effective produce prescription project;
       ``(III) documentation of a partnership agreement with a 
     relevant State Medicaid agency or other appropriate entity, 
     as determined by the Secretary, to evaluate the effectiveness 
     of the produce prescription project in reducing healthcare 
     use and associated costs;
       ``(IV) adequate plans to collect data for reporting and 
     agreement to provide that information for the report 
     described in subsection (e)(2)(B)(iii); and
       ``(V) agreement to share information with the Nutrition 
     Incentive Program Training, Technical Assistance, Evaluation, 
     and Information Centers established under subsection (e).

       ``(4) Coordination.--In carrying out the grant program 
     established under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
     coordinate with the Secretary of Health and Human Services 
     and the heads of other appropriate Federal agencies that 
     carry out activities relating to healthcare partners.
       ``(5) Partnerships.--
       ``(A) In general.--In carrying out the grant program under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary may enter into 1 or more 
     memoranda of understanding with a Federal agency, a State, or 
     a private entity to ensure the effective implementation and 
     evaluation of each project.
       ``(B) Memorandum of understanding.--A memorandum of 
     understanding entered into under subparagraph (A) shall 
     include--
       ``(i) a description of a plan to provide educational 
     opportunities relating to nutrition to members participating 
     in produce prescription projects;
       ``(ii) a description of the role of the Federal agency, 
     State, or private entity, as applicable, in implementing and 
     evaluating an effective produce prescription project; and
       ``(iii) documentation of a partnership agreement with a 
     relevant State Medicaid agency or other appropriate entity, 
     as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(d) Applicability.--
       ``(1) In general.--The value of any benefit provided to a 
     participant in any activity funded under subsections (b) or 
     (c) shall be treated as supplemental nutrition benefits under 
     section 8(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
     2017(b)).
       ``(2) Prohibition on collection of sales taxes.--Each State 
     shall ensure that no State or local tax is collected on a 
     purchase of food with assistance provided under subsections 
     (b) and (c).
       ``(3) No limitation on benefits.--Grants made available 
     under subsections (b) and (c)

[[Page H9867]]

     shall not be used to carry out any project that limits the 
     use of benefits under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
     U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) or any other Federal nutrition law.
       ``(4) Household allotment.--Assistance provided under 
     subsections (b) and (c) to households receiving benefits 
     under the supplemental nutrition assistance program shall 
     not--
       ``(A) be considered part of the supplemental nutrition 
     assistance program benefits of the household; or
       ``(B) be used in the collection or disposition of claims 
     under section 13 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
     U.S.C. 2022).
       ``(e) Nutrition Incentive Program Training, Technical 
     Assistance, Evaluation, and Information Centers.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(A) establish 1 or more Nutrition Incentive Program 
     Training, Technical Assistance, Evaluation, and Information 
     Centers, in consultation with the Director of the National 
     Institute of Food and Agriculture; and
       ``(B) to the extent practicable, consult on the design and 
     scope of such Centers with grocers, farmers, health 
     professionals, researchers, incentive program managers, and 
     employees of the Department of Agriculture with direct 
     experience with implementation of existing incentive programs 
     or projects.
       ``(2) Establishment.--The Centers shall be capable of 
     providing services related to grants under subsections (b) 
     and (c), including--
       ``(A) offering incentive program training and technical 
     assistance to applicants and grantees to the extent 
     practicable, including--
       ``(i) collecting and providing information on best 
     practices that may include communications, signage, record-
     keeping, incentive instruments, development and integration 
     of point of sale systems, and reporting;
       ``(ii) disseminating information and assisting with 
     collaboration among grantee projects, applicable State 
     agencies, and nutrition education programs;
       ``(iii) facilitating communication between grantees and the 
     Department of Agriculture and applicable State agencies; and
       ``(iv) providing support for the development of best 
     practices for produce prescription projects and the sharing 
     of information among eligible entities and healthcare 
     providers that participate in a produce prescription project 
     under subsection (c); and
       ``(v) other services identified by the Secretary; and
       ``(B) creating a system to collect and compile core data 
     sets from eligible entities that--
       ``(i) uses standard metrics with consideration of outcome 
     measures for existing projects;
       ``(ii) includes to the extent practicable grocers, farmers, 
     health professionals, researchers, incentive program 
     managers, and employees of the Department of Agriculture with 
     direct experience with implementation of existing incentive 
     programs in the design of the instrument through which data 
     will be collected and the mechanism for reporting;
       ``(iii) compiles project data from grantees, and beginning 
     in fiscal year 2020 generates an annual report to Congress on 
     grant outcomes, including--

       ``(I) the results of the project; and
       ``(II) the amount of grant funds used for the project; and

       ``(iv) creates and maintains a publicly accessible online 
     site that makes annual reports and incentive program 
     information available in an anonymized format that protects 
     confidential, personal, or other sensitive data.
       ``(3) Cooperative agreement.--
       ``(A) In general.--To carry out paragraph (1), the 
     Secretary may, on a competitive basis, enter into 1 or more 
     cooperative agreements with 1 or more organizations with 
     expertise in developing outcome-based reporting, at least 1 
     of which has expertise in the food insecurity nutrition 
     incentive program and at least 1 of which has expertise in 
     produce prescription projects.
       ``(B) Inclusion.--The organizations referred to in 
     subparagraph (A) may include--
       ``(i) nongovernmental organizations;
       ``(ii) State cooperative extension services;
       ``(iii) regional food system centers;
       ``(iv) Federal, State, or Tribal agencies;
       ``(v) institutions of higher education (as defined in 
     section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1001(a))); or
       ``(vi) other appropriate entities as determined by the 
     Secretary.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents of the 
     Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 113-
     188) is amended by striking the item relating to section 4405 
     and inserting the following:

``Sec. 4405. The Gus Schumacher nutrition incentive program.''.

     SEC. 4206. MICRO-GRANTS FOR FOOD SECURITY.

       (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to increase 
     the quantity and quality of locally grown food through small-
     scale gardening, herding, and livestock operations in food 
     insecure communities in areas of the United States that have 
     significant levels of food insecurity and import a 
     significant quantity of food.
       (b) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means an 
     entity that--
       (A) is--
       (i) an individual;
       (ii) an Indian tribe or tribal organization, as defined in 
     section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
     Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304);
       (iii) a nonprofit organization engaged in increasing food 
     security, as determined by the Secretary, including--

       (I) a religious organization;
       (II) a food bank; or
       (III) a food pantry;

       (iv) a federally funded educational facility, including--

       (I) a Head Start program or an Early Head Start program 
     carried out under the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et 
     seq.);
       (II) a public elementary school or public secondary school;
       (III) a public institution of higher education (as defined 
     in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1001));
       (IV) a Tribal College or University (as defined in section 
     316(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1059c(b))); or
       (V) a job training program; or

       (v) a local or Tribal government that may not levy local 
     taxes under State or Federal law; and
       (B) is located in an eligible State.
       (2) Eligible state.--The term ``eligible State'' means--
       (A) the State of Alaska;
       (B) the State of Hawaii;
       (C) American Samoa;
       (D) the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands;
       (E) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
       (F) the Federated States of Micronesia;
       (G) Guam;
       (H) the Republic of the Marshall Islands;
       (I) the Republic of Palau; and
       (J) the United States Virgin Islands.
       (c) Establishment.--The Secretary shall distribute funds to 
     the agricultural department or agency of each eligible State 
     for the competitive distribution of subgrants to eligible 
     entities to increase the quantity and quality of locally 
     grown food in food insecure communities, including through 
     small-scale gardening, herding, and livestock operations.
       (d) Distribution of Funds.--
       (1) In general.--Of the amount made available under 
     subsection (g), the Secretary shall distribute--
       (A) 40 percent to the State of Alaska;
       (B) 40 percent to the State of Hawaii; and
       (C) 2.5 percent to each eligible State described in any of 
     subparagraphs (C) through (J) of subsection (b)(2).
       (2) Carryover of funds.--Funds distributed under paragraph 
     (1) shall remain available until expended.
       (3) Administrative funds.--An eligible State that receives 
     funds under paragraph (1) may use not more than 3 percent of 
     those funds--
       (A) to administer the competition for providing subgrants 
     to eligible entities in that eligible State;
       (B) to provide oversight of the subgrant recipients in that 
     eligible State; and
       (C) to collect data and submit a report to the Secretary 
     under subsection (f)(2).
       (e) Subgrants to Eligible Entities.--
       (1) Amount of subgrants.--
       (A) In general.--The amount of a subgrant to an eligible 
     entity under this section shall be--
       (i) in the case of an eligible entity that is an 
     individual, not greater than $5,000 per year; and
       (ii) in the case of an eligible entity described in any of 
     clauses (ii) through (v) of subsection (b)(1)(A), not greater 
     than $10,000 per year.
       (B) Matching requirement.--As a condition of receiving a 
     subgrant under this section, an eligible entity shall provide 
     funds equal to 10 percent of the amount received by the 
     eligible entity under the subgrant, to be derived from non-
     Federal sources. A State may waive the matching requirement 
     for an individual who otherwise meets the requirements to 
     receive a subgrant by the eligible State.
       (C) Project period.--Funds received by an eligible entity 
     that is awarded a subgrant under this section shall remain 
     available for expenditure not later than 3 years after the 
     date the funds are received.
       (2) Priority.--In carrying out the competitive distribution 
     of subgrants under subsection (c), an eligible State may give 
     priority to an eligible entity that--
       (A) has not previously received a subgrant under this 
     section; or
       (B) is located in a community or region in that eligible 
     State with the highest degree of food insecurity, as 
     determined by the agricultural department or agency of the 
     eligible State.
       (3) Projects.--An eligible State may provide subgrants to 2 
     or more eligible entities to carry out the same project.
       (4) Use of subgrant funds by eligible entities.--An 
     eligible entity that receives a subgrant under this section 
     shall use the funds to engage in activities that will 
     increase the quantity and quality of locally grown food for 
     food insecure individuals, families, neighborhoods, and 
     communities, including by--
       (A) purchasing gardening tools or equipment, soil, soil 
     amendments, seeds, plants, animals, canning equipment, 
     refrigeration, or other items necessary to grow and store 
     food;
       (B) purchasing or building composting units;
       (C) purchasing or building towers designed to grow leafy 
     green vegetables;
       (D) expanding an area under cultivation or engaging in 
     other activities necessary to be eligible to receive funding 
     under the environmental quality incentives program 
     established under chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
     Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) for a 
     high tunnel;
       (E) engaging in an activity that extends the growing 
     season;
       (F) starting or expanding hydroponic and aeroponic farming 
     of any scale;
       (G) building, buying, erecting, or repairing fencing for 
     livestock, poultry, or reindeer;
       (H) purchasing and equipping a slaughter and processing 
     facility approved by the Secretary;
       (I) traveling to participate in agricultural education 
     provided by--
       (i) a State cooperative extension service;
       (ii) a land-grant college or university (as defined in 
     section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103));
       (iii) a Tribal College or University (as defined in section 
     316(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1059c(b)));

[[Page H9868]]

       (iv) an Alaska Native-serving institution or a Native 
     Hawaiian-serving institution (as such terms are defined in 
     section 317(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1059d(b))); or
       (v) a Federal or State agency;
       (J) paying for shipping of purchased items relating to 
     growing or raising food for local consumption or purchase;
       (K) creating or expanding avenues for--
       (i) the sale of food commodities, specialty crops, and 
     meats that are grown by the eligible entity for sale in the 
     local community; or
       (ii) increasing the availability of fresh, locally grown, 
     and nutritious food; and
       (L) engaging in other activities relating to increasing 
     food security (including subsistence), as determined by the 
     Secretary.
       (5) Eligibility for other financial assistance.--An 
     eligible entity shall not be ineligible to receive financial 
     assistance under another program administered by the 
     Secretary as a result of receiving a subgrant under this 
     section.
       (f) Reporting Requirement.--
       (1) Subgrant recipients.--As a condition of receiving a 
     subgrant under this section, an eligible entity shall agree 
     to submit to the eligible State in which the eligible entity 
     is located a report--
       (A) not later than 60 days after the end of the project 
     funded by the subgrant; and
       (B) that describes the use of the subgrants by eligible 
     entities, the quantity of food grown through small-scale 
     gardening, herding, and livestock operations, and the number 
     of food insecure individuals fed as a result of the subgrant.
       (2) Report to the secretary.--Not later than 120 days after 
     the date on which an eligible State receives a report from 
     each eligible entity in that State under paragraph (1), the 
     eligible State shall submit to the Secretary a report that 
     describes, in the aggregate, the information and data 
     contained in the reports received from those eligible 
     entities.
       (g) Funding.--
       (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section 
     $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 and each fiscal year 
     thereafter, to remain available until expended.
       (2) Appropriations in advance.--Only funds appropriated 
     under paragraph (1) in advance specifically to carry out this 
     section shall be available to carry out this section.

     SEC. 4207. BUY AMERICAN REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) Enforcement.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture 
     shall--
       (1) enforce full compliance with the requirements of 
     section 12(n) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 1760(n)) for purchases of agricultural 
     commodities, including fish, meats, vegetables, and fruits, 
     and the products thereof, and
       (2) ensure that States and school food authorities fully 
     understand their responsibilities under such Act.
       (b) Requirement.--The products of the agricultural 
     commodities described in subsection (a)(1) shall be processed 
     in the United States and substantially contain--
       (1) meats, vegetables, fruits, and other agricultural 
     commodities produced in--
       (A) a State,
       (B) the District of Columbia,
       (C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or
       (D) any territory or possession of the United States, or
       (2) fish harvested--
       (A) within the Exclusive Economic Zone of the United 
     States, as described in Presidential Proclamation 5030 (48 
     Fed. Reg. 10605; March 10, 1983), or
       (B) by a United States flagged vessel.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress 
     a report on the actions the Secretary has taken, and plans to 
     take, to comply with this section.

     SEC. 4208. HEALTHY FLUID MILK INCENTIVES PROJECTS.

       (a) Definition of Fluid Milk.--In this section the term 
     ``fluid milk'' means all varieties of pasteurized cow's milk 
     that--
       (1) is without flavoring or sweeteners,
       (2) is consistent with the most recent dietary 
     recommendations,
       (3) is packaged in liquid form, and
       (4) contains vitamins A and D at levels consistent with the 
     Food and Drug Administration, State, and local standards for 
     fluid milk.
       (b) Projects.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall carry 
     out, under such terms and conditions as the Secretary 
     considers to be appropriate, healthy fluid milk incentive 
     projects to develop and test methods to increase the purchase 
     and consumption of fluid milk by members of households that 
     receive supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits by 
     providing an incentive for the purchase of fluid milk at the 
     point of purchase to members of households purchasing food 
     with supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits.
       (c) Grants or Cooperative Agreements.--
       (1) In general.--To carry out this section, the Secretary, 
     on a competitive basis, shall enter into cooperative 
     agreements with, or provide grants to, governmental entities 
     or nonprofit organizations for projects that meet the purpose 
     and selection criteria specified in this subsection.
       (2) Application.--To be eligible to enter into a 
     cooperative agreement or receive a grant under this 
     subsection, a government entity or nonprofit organization 
     shall submit to the Secretary an application containing such 
     information as the Secretary may require.
       (3) Selection criteria.--Projects proposed in applications 
     shall be evaluated against publicly disseminated criteria 
     that shall incorporate a scientifically based strategy that 
     is designed to improve diet quality and nutritional outcomes 
     through the increased purchase of fluid milk by members of 
     households that participate in the supplemental nutrition 
     assistance program.
       (4) Use of funds.--Funds made available to carry out this 
     section shall not be used for any project that limits the use 
     of benefits provided under the Food and Nutrition Act of 
     2008.
       (d) Evaluation and Reporting.--
       (1) Evaluation.--
       (A) Independent evaluation.--
       (i) In general.--The Secretary shall provide for an 
     independent evaluation of projects selected under this 
     section that measures, to the maximum extent practicable, the 
     impact on health and nutrition.
       (ii) Requirement.--The independent evaluation under this 
     subparagraph shall use rigorous methodologies, particularly 
     random assignment or other methods that are capable of 
     producing scientifically valid information regarding which 
     activities are effective.
       (B) Costs.--The Secretary may use funds not to exceed 7 
     percent of the funding provided to carry out this section to 
     pay costs associated with evaluating the outcomes of the 
     healthy fluid milk incentive projects.
       (2) Reporting.--Not later than December 31 of 2020, and 
     biennially thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
     the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
     Senate a report that includes a description of--
       (A) the status of each healthy fluid milk incentives 
     project, and
       (B) the results of any completed evaluation that--
       (i) include, to the maximum extent practicable, the impact 
     of the healthy fluid milk incentive projects on health and 
     nutrition outcomes among households participating in such 
     projects, and
       (ii) have not been submitted in a previous report under 
     this paragraph.
       (3) Public dissemination.--In addition to the reporting 
     requirements under paragraph (2), evaluation results shall be 
     shared publicly to promote wide use of successful strategies.
       (e) Funding.--
       (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated $20,000,000 to carry out and evaluate the 
     outcomes of projects under this section, to remain available 
     until expended.
       (2) Appropriations in advance.--Only funds appropriated 
     under paragraph (1) in advance specifically to carry out this 
     section shall be available to carry out this section.

                            TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

     SEC. 5101. MODIFICATION OF THE 3-YEAR EXPERIENCE ELIGIBILITY 
                   REQUIREMENT FOR FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.

       Section 302(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922(b)) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:
       ``(4) Waiver authority.--In the case of a qualified 
     beginning farmer or rancher, the Secretary may--
       ``(A) reduce the 3-year requirement in paragraph (1) to 1 
     or 2 years, if the farmer or rancher has--
       ``(i) not less than 16 credit hours of post-secondary 
     education in a field related to agriculture;
       ``(ii) successfully completed a farm management curriculum 
     offered by a cooperative extension service, a community 
     college, an adult vocational agriculture program, a nonprofit 
     organization, or a land-grant college or university;
       ``(iii) at least 1 year of experience as hired farm labor 
     with substantial management responsibilities;
       ``(iv) successfully completed a farm mentorship, 
     apprenticeship, or internship program with an emphasis on 
     management requirements and day-to-day farm management 
     decisions;
       ``(v) significant business management experience;
       ``(vi) been honorably discharged from the armed forces of 
     the United States;
       ``(vii) successfully repaid a youth loan made under section 
     311(b); or
       ``(viii) an established relationship with an individual who 
     has experience in farming or ranching, or is a retired farmer 
     or rancher, and is participating as a counselor in a Service 
     Corps of Retired Executives program authorized under section 
     8(b)(1)(B) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     637(b)(1)(B)), or with a local farm or ranch operator or 
     organization, approved by the Secretary, that is committed to 
     mentoring the farmer or rancher; or
       ``(B) waive the 3-year requirement in paragraph (1) if the 
     farmer or rancher meets the requirements of clauses (iii) and 
     (viii) of subparagraph (A).''.

     SEC. 5102. CONSERVATION LOAN AND LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM.

       Section 304(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1924(h)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 5103. LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT OF FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.

       Section 305 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 1925) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
       (A) by striking ``$300,000'' and inserting ``$600,000'';
       (B) by striking ``$700,000'' and inserting ``$1,750,000''; 
     and
       (C) by striking ``2000'' and inserting ``2019''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``August'' and inserting 
     ``July''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``ending on August 31, 
     1996'' and inserting ``that immediately precedes the 12-month 
     period described in paragraph (1)''.

[[Page H9869]]

  


     SEC. 5104. RELENDING PROGRAM TO RESOLVE OWNERSHIP AND 
                   SUCCESSION ON FARMLAND.

       Subtitle A of title III of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922 et seq.) is amended by adding 
     at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 310I. RELENDING PROGRAM TO RESOLVE OWNERSHIP AND 
                   SUCCESSION ON FARMLAND.

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make loans to eligible 
     entities described in subsection (b) so that the eligible 
     entities may relend the funds to individuals and entities for 
     the purposes described in subsection (c).
       ``(b) Eligible Entities.--Entities eligible for loans 
     described in subsection (a) are cooperatives, credit unions, 
     and nonprofit organizations with--
       ``(1) certification under section 1805.201 of title 12, 
     Code of Federal Regulations (or successor regulations), to 
     operate as a lender;
       ``(2) experience assisting socially disadvantaged farmers 
     and ranchers (as defined in subsection (a) of section 2501 of 
     the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
     U.S.C. 2279)) or limited resource or new and beginning 
     farmers and ranchers, rural businesses, cooperatives, or 
     credit unions, including experience in making and servicing 
     agricultural and commercial loans; and
       ``(3) the ability to provide adequate assurance of the 
     repayment of a loan.
       ``(c) Eligible Purposes.--The proceeds from loans made by 
     the Secretary pursuant to subsection (a) shall be re-lent by 
     eligible entities for projects that assist heirs with 
     undivided ownership interests to resolve ownership and 
     succession on farmland that has multiple owners.
       ``(d) Preference.--In making loans under subsection (a), 
     the Secretary shall give preference to eligible entities--
       ``(1) with not less than 10 years of experience serving 
     socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers; and
       ``(2) in States that have adopted a statute consisting of 
     an enactment or adoption of the Uniform Partition of Heirs 
     Property Act, as approved and recommended for enactment in 
     all States by the National Conference of Commissioners on 
     Uniform State Laws in 2010, that relend to owners of heirs 
     property (as defined in that Act).
       ``(e) Loan Terms and Conditions.--The following terms and 
     conditions shall apply to loans made under this section:
       ``(1) The interest rate at which intermediaries may borrow 
     funds under this section shall be determined by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(2) The rates, terms, and payment structure for borrowers 
     to which intermediaries lend shall be--
       ``(A) determined by the intermediary in an amount 
     sufficient to cover the cost of operating and sustaining the 
     revolving loan fund; and
       ``(B) clearly and publicly disclosed to qualified ultimate 
     borrowers.
       ``(3) Borrowers to which intermediaries lend shall be--
       ``(A) required to complete a succession plan as a condition 
     of the loan; and
       ``(B) be offered the opportunity to borrow sufficient funds 
     to cover costs associated with the succession plan under 
     subparagraph (A) and other associated legal and closing 
     costs.
       ``(f) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this section, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
     the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
     Senate a report describing the operation and outcomes of the 
     program under this section, with recommendations on how to 
     strengthen the program.
       ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

                      Subtitle B--Operating Loans

     SEC. 5201. LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT OF OPERATING LOANS.

       Section 313 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 1943) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
       (A) by striking ``$300,000'' and inserting ``$400,000'';
       (B) by striking ``$700,000'' and inserting ``$1,750,000''; 
     and
       (C) by striking ``2000'' and inserting ``2019''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``August'' and inserting 
     ``July''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``ending on August 31, 
     1996'' and inserting ``that immediately precedes the 12-month 
     period described in paragraph (1)''.

     SEC. 5202. MICROLOANS.

       Section 313(c)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1943(c)(2)) is amended by striking 
     ``title'' and inserting ``subsection''.

     SEC. 5203. COOPERATIVE LENDING PILOT PROJECTS.

       Section 313(c)(4)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1943(c)(4)(A)) is amended by 
     striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

                 Subtitle C--Administrative Provisions

     SEC. 5301. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER INDIVIDUAL 
                   DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNTS PILOT PROGRAM.

       Section 333B(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1983b(h)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 5302. LOAN AUTHORIZATION LEVELS.

       Section 346(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(1)) is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``$4,226,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' 
     and inserting ``$10,000,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
     through 2023''; and
       (2) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) $3,000,000,000 shall be for direct loans, of which--
       ``(i) $1,500,000,000 shall be for farm ownership loans 
     under subtitle A; and
       ``(ii) $1,500,000,000 shall be for operating loans under 
     subtitle B; and
       ``(B) $7,000,000,000 shall be for guaranteed loans, of 
     which--
       ``(i) $3,500,000,000 shall be for farm ownership loans 
     under subtitle A; and
       ``(ii) $3,500,000,000 shall be for operating loans under 
     subtitle B.''.

     SEC. 5303. LOAN FUND SET-ASIDES.

       Section 346(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III) of the Consolidated Farm and 
     Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III)) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 5304. USE OF ADDITIONAL FUNDS FOR DIRECT OPERATING 
                   MICROLOANS UNDER CERTAIN CONDITIONS.

       Section 346(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:
       ``(5) Use of additional funds for direct operating 
     microloans under certain conditions.--
       ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary determines that the 
     amount needed for a fiscal year for direct operating loans 
     (including microloans) under subtitle B is greater than the 
     aggregate principal amount authorized for that fiscal year by 
     this Act, an appropriations Act, or any other provision of 
     law, the Secretary shall make additional microloans under 
     subtitle B using amounts made available under subparagraph 
     (C).
       ``(B) Notice.--Not later than 15 days before the date on 
     which the Secretary uses the authority under subparagraph 
     (A), the Secretary shall submit a notice of the use of that 
     authority to--
       ``(i) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives;
       ``(ii) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
       ``(iii) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       ``(iv) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
     Forestry of the Senate.
       ``(C) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this paragraph $5,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 5305. EQUITABLE RELIEF.

       The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act is amended 
     by inserting after section 365 (7 U.S.C. 2008) the following:

     ``SEC. 366. EQUITABLE RELIEF.

       ``(a) In General.--Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary 
     may provide a form of relief described in subsection (c) to 
     any farmer or rancher who--
       ``(1) received a direct farm ownership, operating, or 
     emergency loan under this title; and
       ``(2) the Secretary determines is not in compliance with 
     the requirements of this title with respect to the loan.
       ``(b) Limitation.--The Secretary may only provide relief to 
     a farmer or rancher under subsection (a) if the Secretary 
     determines that the farmer or rancher--
       ``(1) acted in good faith; and
       ``(2) relied on an action of, or the advice of, the 
     Secretary (including any authorized representative of the 
     Secretary) to the detriment of the farming or ranching 
     operation of the farmer or rancher.
       ``(c) Forms of Relief.--The Secretary may provide to a 
     farmer or rancher under subsection (a) any of the following 
     forms of relief:
       ``(1) The farmer or rancher may retain loans or other 
     benefits received in association with the loan with respect 
     to which the farmer or rancher was determined to be 
     noncompliant under subsection (a)(2).
       ``(2) The farmer or rancher may receive such other 
     equitable relief as the Secretary determines to be 
     appropriate.
       ``(d) Condition.--As a condition of receiving relief under 
     this section, the Secretary may require the farmer or rancher 
     to take actions designed to remedy the noncompliance.
       ``(e) Administrative Appeal; Judicial Review.--A 
     determination or action of the Secretary under this section--
       ``(1) shall be final; and
       ``(2) shall not be subject to administrative appeal or 
     judicial review under chapter 7 of title 5, United States 
     Code.''.

     SEC. 5306. SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS; 
                   QUALIFIED BEGINNING FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

       The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act is amended 
     by inserting after section 366 (as added by section 5305) the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 367. SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS; 
                   QUALIFIED BEGINNING FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

       ``In the case of a loan guaranteed by the Secretary under 
     subtitle A or B to a socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher 
     (as defined in section 355(e)) or a qualified beginning 
     farmer or rancher, the Secretary may provide for a standard 
     guarantee plan, which shall cover an amount equal to 95 
     percent of the outstanding principal of the loan.''.

     SEC. 5307. EMERGENCY LOAN ELIGIBILITY.

       Section 373(b)(2)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2008h(b)(2)(B)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as subclauses (I) 
     and (II), respectively, and indenting appropriately;

[[Page H9870]]

       (2) in the matter preceding subclause (I) (as so 
     redesignated), by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(ii) Restructured loans.--For purposes of clause (i), a 
     borrower who was restructured with a write-down or 
     restructuring under section 353 shall not be considered to 
     have received debt forgiveness on a loan made or guaranteed 
     under this title.''.

                       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

     SEC. 5401. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO THE CONSOLIDATED FARM AND 
                   RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACT.

       (a)(1) Section 321(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1961(a)) is amended in the second 
     sentence by striking ``and limited liability companies'' and 
     inserting ``limited liability companies, and such other legal 
     entities''.
       (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect 
     as if included in the enactment of section 5201(2)(C) of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79) in lieu of the 
     amendment made by such section.
       (b)(1) Section 331D(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1981d(e)) is amended by inserting 
     after ``within 60 days after receipt of the notice required 
     in this section'' the following: ``or, in extraordinary 
     circumstances as determined by the applicable State director, 
     after the 60-day period''.
       (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect 
     as if included in the enactment of section 10 of the 
     Agricultural Credit Improvement Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-
     554).
       (c)(1) Section 333A(f)(1)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and 
     Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1983a(f)(1)(A)) is amended by 
     striking ``114'' and inserting ``339''.
       (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect 
     as if included in the enactment of section 14 of the 
     Agricultural Credit Improvement Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-
     554).
       (d) Section 339(d)(3) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C.1989(d)(3)) is amended by striking 
     ``preferred certified lender'' and inserting ``Preferred 
     Certified Lender''.
       (e)(1) Section 343(a)(11)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and 
     Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(11)(C)) is amended by 
     striking ``or joint operators'' and inserting ``joint 
     operator, or owners''.
       (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect 
     as of the effective date of section 5303(a)(2) of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79).
       (f)(1) Section 343(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(b)) is amended by striking 
     ``307(e)'' and inserting ``307(d)''.
       (2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect 
     as of the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
     (Public Law 113-79).
       (g) Section 346(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C.1994(a)) is amended by striking the 
     last comma.

     SEC. 5402. STATE AGRICULTURAL MEDIATION PROGRAMS.

       (a) Issues Covered by State Mediation Programs.--Section 
     501(c) of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 
     5101(c)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking ``under 
     the jurisdiction of the Department of Agriculture'';
       (ii) in clause (ii), by inserting ``and the national 
     organic program established under the Organic Foods 
     Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.)'' before the 
     period at the end; and
       (iii) by striking clause (vii) and inserting the following:
       ``(vii) Lease issues, including land leases and equipment 
     leases.
       ``(viii) Family farm transition.
       ``(ix) Farmer-neighbor disputes.
       ``(x) Such other issues as the Secretary or the head of the 
     department of agriculture of each participating State 
     considers appropriate for better serving the agricultural 
     community and persons eligible for mediation.''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) Mediation services.--Funding provided for the 
     mediation program of a qualifying State may also be used to 
     provide credit counseling to persons described in paragraph 
     (2)--
       ``(i) prior to the initiation of any mediation involving 
     the Department of Agriculture; or
       ``(ii) unrelated to any ongoing dispute or mediation in 
     which the Department of Agriculture is a party.'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)(A)--
       (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iv) any other persons involved in an issue for which 
     mediation services are provided by a mediation program 
     described in paragraph (1)(B).''; and
       (3) in paragraph (3)(F), by striking ``that persons'' and 
     inserting the following: ``that--
       ``(i) the Department of Agriculture receives adequate 
     notification of those issues; and
       ``(ii) persons''.
       (b) Report Required.--Section 505 of the Agricultural 
     Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5105) is amended to read as 
     follows:

     ``SEC. 505. REPORT.

       ``Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the 
     Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary shall 
     submit to Congress a report describing--
       ``(1) the effectiveness of the State mediation programs 
     receiving matching grants under this subtitle;
       ``(2) recommendations for improving the delivery of 
     mediation services to producers;
       ``(3) the steps being taken to ensure that State mediation 
     programs receive timely funding under this subtitle; and
       ``(4) the savings to the States as a result of having a 
     mediation program.''.
       (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 506 of the 
     Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5106) is amended by 
     striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 5403. COMPENSATION OF BANK DIRECTORS.

       Section 4.21 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2209) is repealed.

     SEC. 5404. SHARING OF PRIVILEGED AND CONFIDENTIAL 
                   INFORMATION.

       Section 5.19 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2254) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(e) Sharing of Privileged and Confidential Information.--
     A System institution shall not be considered to have waived 
     the confidentiality of a privileged communication with an 
     attorney or an accountant if the System institution provides 
     the content of the communication to the Farm Credit 
     Administration pursuant to the supervisory or regulatory 
     authorities of the Farm Credit Administration.''.

     SEC. 5405. FACILITY HEADQUARTERS.

       Section 5.16 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2251) is amended by striking all that precedes ``to the 
     rental of quarters'' and inserting the following:

     ``SEC. 5.16. QUARTERS AND FACILITIES FOR THE FARM CREDIT 
                   ADMINISTRATION.

       ``(a) The Farm Credit Administration shall maintain its 
     principal office within the Washington D.C.-Maryland-Virginia 
     standard metropolitan statistical area, and such other 
     offices within the United States as in its judgment are 
     necessary.
       ``(b) As an alternate''.

     SEC. 5406. REMOVAL AND PROHIBITION AUTHORITY; INDUSTRY-WIDE 
                   PROHIBITION.

       Part C of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 is amended 
     by inserting after section 5.29 (12 U.S.C. 2265) the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 5.29A. REMOVAL AND PROHIBITION AUTHORITY; INDUSTRY-
                   WIDE PROHIBITION.

       ``(a) Definition of Person.--In this section, the term 
     `person' means--
       ``(1) an individual; and
       ``(2) in the case of a specific determination by the Farm 
     Credit Administration, a legal entity.
       ``(b) Industry-wide Prohibition.--Except as provided in 
     subsection (c), any person who, pursuant to an order issued 
     under section 5.28 or 5.29, has been removed or suspended 
     from office at a System institution or prohibited from 
     participating in the conduct of the affairs of a System 
     institution shall not, during the period of effectiveness of 
     the order, continue or commence to hold any office in, or 
     participate in any manner in the conduct of the affairs of--
       ``(1) any insured depository institution subject to section 
     8(e)(7)(A)(i) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 
     1818(e)(7)(A)(i));
       ``(2) any institution subject to section 8(e)(7)(A)(ii) of 
     the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 
     1818(e)(7)(A)(ii));
       ``(3) any insured credit union under the Federal Credit 
     Union Act (12 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.);
       ``(4) any Federal home loan bank;
       ``(5) any institution chartered under this Act;
       ``(6) any appropriate Federal financial institutions 
     regulatory agency (as defined in section 8(e)(7)(D) of the 
     Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1818(e)(7)(D)));
       ``(7) the Federal Housing Finance Agency; or
       ``(8) the Farm Credit Administration.
       ``(c) Exception for Institution-affiliated Party That 
     Receives Written Consent.--
       ``(1) In general.--
       ``(A) Affiliated parties.--If, on or after the date on 
     which an order described in subsection (b) is issued that 
     removes or suspends an institution-affiliated party from 
     office at a System institution or prohibits an institution-
     affiliated party from participating in the conduct of the 
     affairs of a System institution, that party receives written 
     consent described in subparagraph (B), subsection (b) shall 
     not apply to that party--
       ``(i) to the extent provided in the written consent 
     received; and
       ``(ii) with respect to the institution described in each 
     written consent.
       ``(B) Written consent described.--The written consent 
     referred to in subparagraph (A) is written consent received 
     from--
       ``(i) the Farm Credit Administration; and
       ``(ii) each appropriate Federal financial institutions 
     regulatory agency (as defined in section 8(e)(7)(D) of the 
     Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1818(e)(7)(D))) of 
     the applicable institution described in any of paragraphs 
     (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (b) with respect to which 
     the party proposes to be become an affiliated party.
       ``(2) Disclosure.--Any agency described in clause (i) or 
     (ii) of paragraph (1)(B) that provides a written consent 
     under that paragraph shall--
       ``(A) report the action to the Farm Credit Administration; 
     and
       ``(B) publicly disclose the action.
       ``(3) Consultation between agencies.--The agencies 
     described in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (1)(B) shall 
     consult with each other before providing any written consent 
     under that paragraph.
       ``(d) Violations.--A violation of subsection (b) by any 
     person who is subject to an order described in that 
     subsection shall be treated as violation of that order.''.

     SEC. 5407. JURISDICTION OVER INSTITUTION-AFFILIATED PARTIES.

       Part C of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 is amended 
     by inserting after section 5.31 (12 U.S.C. 2267) the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 5.31A. JURISDICTION OVER INSTITUTION-AFFILIATED 
                   PARTIES.

       ``(a) In General.--For purposes of sections 5.25, 5.26, and 
     5.32, the jurisdiction of the Farm

[[Page H9871]]

     Credit Administration over parties, and the authority of the 
     Farm Credit Administration to initiate actions, shall include 
     enforcement authority over institution-affiliated parties.
       ``(b) Effect of Separation on Jurisdiction and Authority.--
     Subject to subsection (c), the resignation, termination of 
     employment or participation, or separation of an institution-
     affiliated party (including a separation caused by the 
     merger, consolidation, conservatorship, or receivership of a 
     Farm Credit System institution) shall not affect the 
     jurisdiction and authority of the Farm Credit Administration 
     to issue any notice or order and proceed under this part 
     against that party.
       ``(c) Limitation.--To proceed against a party under 
     subsection (b), the notice or order described in that 
     subsection shall be served not later than 6 years after the 
     date on which the party ceased to be an institution-
     affiliated party with respect to the applicable Farm Credit 
     System institution.
       ``(d) Applicability.--The date on which a party ceases to 
     be an institution-affiliated party described in subsection 
     (c) may occur before, on, or after the date of enactment of 
     this section.''.

     SEC. 5408. DEFINITION OF INSTITUTION-AFFILIATED PARTY.

       Section 5.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2271) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
       ``(4) the term `institution-affiliated party' means--
       ``(A) a director, officer, employee, shareholder, or agent 
     of a System institution;
       ``(B) an independent contractor (including an attorney, 
     appraiser, or accountant) who knowingly or recklessly 
     participates in--
       ``(i) a violation of law (including regulations) that is 
     associated with the operations and activities of 1 or more 
     System institutions;
       ``(ii) a breach of fiduciary duty; or
       ``(iii) an unsafe practice that causes or is likely to 
     cause more than a minimum financial loss to, or a significant 
     adverse effect on, a System institution; and
       ``(C) any other person, as determined by the Farm Credit 
     Administration (by regulation or on a case-by-case basis) who 
     participates in the conduct of the affairs of a System 
     institution; and''.

     SEC. 5409. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS.

       Section 5.65 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2277a-14) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(e) Prohibition on Uses of Funds Related to Federal 
     Agricultural Mortgage Corporation.--No funds from 
     administrative accounts or from the Farm Credit System 
     Insurance Fund may be used by the Corporation to provide 
     assistance to the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation 
     or to support any activities related to the Federal 
     Agricultural Mortgage Corporation.''.

     SEC. 5410. EXPANSION OF ACREAGE EXCEPTION TO LOAN AMOUNT 
                   LIMITATION.

       (a) In General.--Section 8.8(c)(2) of the Farm Credit Act 
     of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2279aa-8(c)(2)) is amended by striking 
     ``1,000'' and inserting ``2,000''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect 1 year after the date a report submitted in 
     accordance with section 5414 of this Act indicates that it is 
     feasible to increase the acreage limitation in section 
     8.8(c)(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 to 2,000 acres.

     SEC. 5411. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE PROVISIONS; TECHNICAL 
                   CORRECTIONS.

       (1) Section 1.1(c) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2001(c)) is amended in the first sentence by striking 
     ``including any costs of defeasance under section 4.8(b),''.
       (2) Section 1.2 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2002) is amended by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(a) Composition.--The Farm Credit System shall include 
     the Farm Credit Banks, the bank for cooperatives, 
     Agricultural Credit Banks, the Federal Land Bank 
     Associations, the Federal Land Credit Associations, the 
     Production Credit Associations, the agricultural credit 
     associations, the Federal Farm Credit Banks Funding 
     Corporation, the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation, 
     service corporations established pursuant to section 4.25, 
     and such other institutions as may be made a part of the Farm 
     Credit System, all of which shall be chartered by and subject 
     to regulation by the Farm Credit Administration.''.
       (3) Section 2.4 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2075) is amended by striking subsection (d).
       (4) Section 3.0(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2121(a)) is amended--
       (A) in the third sentence, by striking ``and a Central Bank 
     for Cooperatives''; and
       (B) by striking the fifth sentence.
       (5) Section 3.2 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2123) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)--
       (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``not merged into the 
     United Bank for Cooperatives or the National Bank for 
     Cooperatives''; and
       (ii) in paragraph (2)(A), in the matter preceding clause 
     (i), by striking ``(other than the National Bank for 
     Cooperatives)'';
       (B) by striking subsection (b);
       (C) in subsection (a)--
       (i) by striking ``(a)(1) Each bank'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(a) In General.--Each bank''; and
       (ii) by striking ``(2)(A) If approved'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(b) Nomination and Election.--
       ``(1) In general.--If approved'';
       (D) in subsection (b)(1) (as so designated)--
       (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(B) The total'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(2) Number of votes.--The total''; and
       (ii) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as subparagraphs 
     (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting appropriately; and
       (E) in paragraph (2) (as so designated), by striking 
     ``paragraph'' and inserting ``subsection''.
       (6) Section 3.5 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2126) is amended in the third sentence by striking 
     ``district''.
       (7) Section 3.7(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2128(a)) is amended by striking the second sentence.
       (8) Section 3.8(b)(1)(A) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2129(b)(1)(A)) is amended by inserting ``(or any 
     successor agency)'' after ``Rural Electrification 
     Administration''.
       (9) Section 3.9(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2130(a)) is amended by striking the third sentence.
       (10) Section 3.10 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2131) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (c), by striking the second sentence; and
       (B) in subsection (d)--
       (i) by striking ``district'' each place it appears; and
       (ii) by inserting ``for cooperatives (or any successor 
     bank)'' before ``on account''.
       (11) Section 3.11 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2132) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), in the first sentence, by striking 
     ``subsections (b) and (c) of this section'' and inserting 
     ``subsection (b)'';
       (B) in subsection (b)--
       (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``district''; and
       (ii) in the second sentence, by striking ``Except as 
     provided in subsection (c) below, all'' and inserting 
     ``All'';
       (C) by striking subsection (c); and
       (D) by redesignating subsections (d) through (f) as 
     subsections (c) through (e), respectively.
       (12) Part B of title III of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2141 et seq.) is amended in the part heading by 
     striking ``United and''.
       (13) Section 3.20 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2141) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``or the United Bank for 
     Cooperatives, as the case may be''; and
       (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the district banks for 
     cooperatives and the Central Bank for Cooperatives'' and 
     inserting ``the constituent banks described in section 413(b) 
     of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (12 U.S.C. 2121 note; 
     Public Law 100-233)''.
       (14) Section 3.21 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2142) is repealed.
       (15) Section 3.28 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2149) is amended by striking ``a district bank for 
     cooperatives and the Central Bank for Cooperatives'' and 
     inserting ``the constituent banks described in section 413(b) 
     of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (12 U.S.C. 2121 note; 
     Public Law 100-233)''.
       (16) Section 3.29 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2149a) is repealed.
       (17) Section 4.0 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2151) is repealed.
       (18) Section 4.8 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2159) is amended--
       (A) by striking the section designation and heading and all 
     that follows through ``Each bank'' in subsection (a) and 
     inserting the following:

     ``SEC. 4.8. PURCHASE AND SALE OF OBLIGATIONS.

       ``Each bank''; and
       (B) by striking subsection (b).
       (19) Section 4.9 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2160) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (d)--
       (i) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
       ``(3) Representation of board.--The Farm Credit System 
     Insurance Corporation shall not have representation on the 
     board of directors of the Corporation.'';
       (ii) in the undesignated matter following paragraph (1)(D), 
     by striking ``In selecting'' and inserting the following:
       ``(2) Considerations.--In selecting''; and
       (iii) in paragraph (2) (as so designated), by inserting 
     ``of paragraph (1)'' after ``(A) and (B)'';
       (B) by striking subsection (e); and
       (C) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
       (20) Section 4.9A(c) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2162(c)) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``institution, and--'' in the matter 
     preceding paragraph (1) and all that follows through the 
     period at the end of paragraph (2) and inserting 
     ``institution.'';
       (B) by striking ``If an institution'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) In general.--If an institution'';
       (C) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by striking ``the 
     receiver of the institution'' and inserting ``the Farm Credit 
     System Insurance Corporation, acting as receiver,''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Funding.--The Farm Credit System Insurance 
     Corporation shall use such funds from the Farm Credit 
     Insurance Fund as are sufficient to carry out this 
     section.''.
       (21) Section 4.12A(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2184(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (1) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--A Farm Credit System bank or association 
     shall provide to a stockholder of the bank or association a 
     current list of stockholders of the bank or association not 
     later than 7 calendar days after the date on which the bank 
     or association receives a written request for the stockholder 
     list from the stockholder.''.
       (22) Section 4.14A of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2202a) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)--
       (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
     ``and section 4.36'' before the colon at the end; and

[[Page H9872]]

       (ii) in paragraph (5)(B)(ii)(I), by striking ``4.14C,'';
       (B) by striking subsection (h);
       (C) by redesignating subsections (i) through (l) as 
     subsections (h) through (k), respectively; and
       (D) in subsection (k) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``production credit''.
       (23) Section 4.14C of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2202c) is repealed.
       (24) Section 4.17 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2205) is amended in the third sentence by striking ``Federal 
     intermediate credit banks and''.
       (25) Section 4.19(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2207(a)) is amended--
       (A) in the first sentence--
       (i) by striking ``district''; and
       (ii) by striking ``Federal land bank association and 
     production credit''; and
       (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``units'' and 
     inserting ``institutions''.
       (26) Section 4.38 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2219c) is amended by striking ``The Assistance Board 
     established under section 6.0 and all'' and inserting 
     ``All''.
       (27) Section 4.39 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2219d) is amended by striking ``8.0(7))'' and inserting 
     ``8.0)''.
       (28) Section 5.16 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2251) is amended in the undesignated matter following 
     paragraph (5) of subsection (b) (as designated by section 
     5405)--
       (A) in the fifth sentence, by striking ``In actions 
     undertaken by the banks pursuant to the foregoing provisions 
     of this section'' and inserting the following:
       ``(5) Agent for banks.--In actions undertaken by the banks 
     pursuant to this section'';
       (B) in the fourth sentence, by striking ``The plans'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(4) Approval of board.--The plans'';
       (C) in the third sentence, by striking ``The powers'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(3) Powers of banks.--The powers'';
       (D) in the second sentence, by striking ``Such advances'' 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(2) Advances.--The advances of funds described in 
     paragraph (1)''; and
       (E) in the first sentence, by striking ``The Board'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(c) Financing.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Board''.
       (29) Section 5.17(a)(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2252(a)(2)) is amended by striking the second and 
     third sentences.
       (30) Section 5.18 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2253) is repealed.
       (31) Section 5.19 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2254) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)--
       (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``Except for Federal 
     land bank associations, each'' and inserting ``Each''; and
       (ii) by striking the second sentence; and
       (B) in subsection (b)--
       (i) by striking ``(b)(1) Each'' and inserting ``(b) Each'';
       (ii) in the matter preceding paragraph (2) (as so 
     designated)--

       (I) in the second sentence, by striking ``, except with 
     respect to any actions taken by any banks of the System under 
     section 4.8(b),''; and
       (II) by striking the third sentence; and

       (iii) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3).
       (32) Section 5.31 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2267) is amended in the second sentence by striking 
     ``4.14A(i)'' and inserting ``4.14A(h)''.
       (33) Section 5.32(h) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2268(h)) is amended by striking ``4.14A(i)'' and 
     inserting ``4.14A(h)''.
       (34) Section 5.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2271) is amended in paragraph (5) (as redesignated by section 
     5408(2))--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the end;
       (B) by striking subparagraph (B);
       (C) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B); 
     and
       (D) in subparagraph (B) (as so redesignated)--
       (i) by striking ``after December 31, 1992,''; and
       (ii) by striking ``by the Farm Credit System Assistance 
     Board under section 6.6 or''.
       (35) Section 5.38 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2274) is amended by striking ``a farm'' and all that follows 
     through ``land bank'' and inserting ``a Farm Credit Bank 
     board, officer, or employee shall not remove any director or 
     officer of any''.
       (36) Section 5.44 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2275) is repealed.
       (37) Section 5.58(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2277a-7(2)) is amended by striking the second 
     sentence.
       (38) Section 5.60 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2277a-9) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (b), by striking the subsection 
     designation and heading and all that follows through ``The 
     Corporation'' in paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
       ``(b) Amounts in Fund.--The Corporation''; and
       (B) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``Insurance Fund to--
     '' in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) and all that 
     follows through ``ensure'' in subparagraph (B) and inserting 
     ``Insurance Fund to ensure''.
       (39) Title VI of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2278a et seq.) is repealed.
       (40) Section 7.9 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2279c-2) is amended by striking subsection (c).
       (41) Section 7.10(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2279d(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (4) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(4) the institution pays to the Farm Credit Insurance 
     Fund the amount by which the total capital of the institution 
     exceeds 6 percent of the assets;''.
       (42) Section 8.0 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2279aa) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``means--'' in the matter 
     preceding subparagraph (A) and all that follows through the 
     period at the end of the undesignated matter following 
     subparagraph (B) and inserting ``means the board of directors 
     established under section 8.2.'';
       (B) by striking paragraphs (6) and (8);
       (C) by redesignating paragraphs (7), (9), and (10) as 
     paragraphs (6), (7), and (8), respectively; and
       (D) in subparagraph (B)(i) of paragraph (7) (as so 
     redesignated), by striking ``(b) through (d)'' and inserting 
     ``(b) and (c)''.
       (43) Section 8.2 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2279aa-2) is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (a);
       (B) in subsection (b), by striking the subsection 
     designation and heading and all that follows through the 
     period at the end of paragraph (1) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(a) In General.--
       ``(1) Establishment.--The Corporation shall be under the 
     management of the board of directors.'';
       (C) in subsection (a) (as so designated)--
       (i) by striking ``permanent board'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``Board'';
       (ii) by striking paragraph (3);
       (iii) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (10) as 
     paragraphs (3) through (9), respectively; and
       (iv) in paragraph (3)(A) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``(6)'' and inserting ``(5)''; and
       (D) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
       (44) Section 8.4(a)(1) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2279aa-4(a)(1)) is amended--
       (A) in the sixth sentence--
       (i) by striking ``Class B'' and inserting the following:
       ``(iii) Class b stock.--Class B''; and
       (ii) by striking ``8.2(b)(2)(B)'' and inserting 
     ``8.2(a)(2)(B)'';
       (B) in the fifth sentence--
       (i) by striking ``Class A'' and inserting the following:
       ``(ii) Class a stock.--Class A''; and
       (ii) by striking ``8.2(b)(2)(A)'' and inserting 
     ``8.2(a)(2)(A)'';
       (C) in the fourth sentence, by striking ``The stock'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(D) Classes of stock.--
       ``(i) In general.--The stock'';
       (D) by striking the third sentence and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(C) Offers.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Board shall offer the voting common 
     stock to banks, other financial institutions, insurance 
     companies, and System institutions under such terms and 
     conditions as the Board may adopt.
       ``(ii) Requirements.--The voting common stock shall be 
     fairly and broadly offered to ensure that--

       ``(I) no institution or institutions acquire a 
     disproportionate share of the total quantity of the voting 
     common stock outstanding of a class of stock; and
       ``(II) capital contributions and issuances of voting common 
     stock for the contributions are fairly distributed between 
     entities eligible to hold class A stock and class B stock.'';

       (E) in the second sentence, by striking ``Each share'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(B) Number of votes.--Each share''; and
       (F) in the first sentence, by striking ``The Corporation'' 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(A) In general.--The Corporation''.
       (45) Section 8.6 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2279aa-6) is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (d);
       (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d); and
       (C) in paragraph (2) of subsection (d) (as so 
     redesignated), by striking ``8.0(9))'' and inserting 
     ``8.0)''.
       (46) Section 8.9 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2279aa-9) is amended by striking ``4.14C,'' each place it 
     appears.
       (47) Section 8.11(e) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2279aa-11(e)) is amended by striking ``8.0(7))'' and 
     inserting ``8.0)''.
       (48) Section 8.32(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
     U.S.C. 2279bb-1(a)) is amended--
       (A) in the first sentence of the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``Not sooner than the expiration of the 3-
     year period beginning on the date of enactment of the Farm 
     Credit System Reform Act of 1996, the'' and inserting 
     ``The''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``8.0(9)(C)'' and 
     inserting ``8.0(7)(C)''.
       (49) Section 8.33(b)(2)(A) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
     (12 U.S.C. 2279bb-2(b)(2)(A)) is amended by striking 
     ``8.6(e)'' and inserting ``8.6(d)''.
       (50) Section 8.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2279bb-4) is amended by striking subsection (e).
       (51) Section 8.38 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
     2279bb-7) is repealed.
       (52) Section 4 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
     1141b) is repealed.
       (53) Section 5 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
     1141c) is repealed.
       (54) Section 6 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
     1141d) is repealed.
       (55) Section 7 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
     1141e) is repealed.
       (56) Section 8 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
     1141f) is repealed.
       (57) Section 14 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 
     U.S.C. 1141i) is repealed.
       (58) The Act of June 22, 1939 (53 Stat. 853, chapter 239; 
     12 U.S.C. 1141d-1), is repealed.
       (59) Section 201(e) of the Emergency Relief and 
     Construction Act of 1932 (12 U.S.C. 1148) is repealed.
       (60) Section 2 of the Act of July 14, 1953 (67 Stat. 150, 
     chapter 192; 12 U.S.C. 1148a-4), is repealed.

[[Page H9873]]

       (61) Section 32 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 U.S.C. 
     1148b) is repealed.
       (62) Section 33 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 U.S.C. 
     1148c) is repealed.
       (63) Section 34 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 U.S.C. 
     1148d) is repealed.
       (64) The Joint Resolution of March 3, 1932 (47 Stat. 60, 
     chapter 70; 12 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.), is repealed.

     SEC. 5412. CORPORATION AS CONSERVATOR OR RECEIVER; CERTAIN 
                   OTHER POWERS.

       Part E of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 is amended 
     by inserting after section 5.61B (12 U.S.C. 2277a-10b) the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 5.61C. CORPORATION AS CONSERVATOR OR RECEIVER; CERTAIN 
                   OTHER POWERS.

       ``(a) Definition of Institution.--In this section, the term 
     `institution' includes any System institution for which the 
     Corporation has been appointed as conservator or receiver.
       ``(b) Certain Powers and Duties of Corporation as 
     Conservator or Receiver.--In addition to the powers inherent 
     in the express grant of corporate authority under section 
     5.58(9), and other powers exercised by the Corporation under 
     this part, the Corporation shall have the following express 
     powers to act as a conservator or receiver:
       ``(1) Rulemaking authority of corporation.--The Corporation 
     may prescribe such regulations as the Corporation determines 
     to be appropriate regarding the conduct of conservatorships 
     or receiverships.
       ``(2) General powers.--
       ``(A) Successor to system institution.--The Corporation 
     shall, as conservator or receiver, and by operation of law, 
     succeed to--
       ``(i) all rights, titles, powers, and privileges of the 
     System institution, and of any stockholder, member, officer, 
     or director of such System institution with respect to the 
     System institution and the assets of the System institution; 
     and
       ``(ii) title to the books, records, and assets of any 
     previous conservator or other legal custodian of such System 
     institution.
       ``(B) Operate the system institution.--The Corporation may, 
     as conservator or receiver--
       ``(i) take over the assets of and operate the System 
     institution with all the powers of the stockholders or 
     members, the directors, and the officers of the System 
     institution and conduct all business of the System 
     institution;
       ``(ii) collect all obligations and money due the System 
     institution;
       ``(iii) perform all functions of the System institution in 
     the name of the System institution which are consistent with 
     the appointment as conservator or receiver;
       ``(iv) preserve and conserve the assets and property of 
     such System institution; and
       ``(v) provide by contract for assistance in fulfilling any 
     function, activity, action, or duty of the Corporation as 
     conservator or receiver.
       ``(C) Functions of system institution's officers, 
     directors, members, and stockholders.--The Corporation may, 
     by regulation or order, provide for the exercise of any 
     function by any stockholder, member, director, or officer of 
     any System institution for which the Corporation has been 
     appointed conservator or receiver.
       ``(D) Powers as conservator.--Subject to any Farm Credit 
     Administration approvals required under this Act, the 
     Corporation may, as conservator, take such action as may be--
       ``(i) necessary to put the System institution in a sound 
     and solvent condition; and
       ``(ii) appropriate to carry on the business of the System 
     institution and preserve and conserve the assets and property 
     of the System institution.
       ``(E) Additional powers as receiver.--The Corporation may, 
     as receiver, liquidate the System institution and proceed to 
     realize upon the assets of the System institution, in such 
     manner as the Corporation determines to be appropriate.
       ``(F) Organization of new system bank.--The Corporation 
     may, as receiver with respect to any System bank, organize a 
     bridge System bank under subsection (h).
       ``(G) Merger; transfer of assets and liabilities.--
       ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), the Corporation 
     may, as conservator or receiver--

       ``(I) merge the System institution with another System 
     institution; and
       ``(II) transfer or sell any asset or liability of the 
     System institution in default without any approval, 
     assignment, or consent with respect to such transfer.

       ``(ii) Approval.--No merger or transfer under clause (i) 
     may be made to another System institution (other than a 
     bridge System bank under subsection (h)) without the approval 
     of the Farm Credit Administration.
       ``(H) Payment of valid obligations.--The Corporation, as 
     conservator or receiver, shall, to the extent that proceeds 
     are realized from the performance of contracts or the sale of 
     the assets of a System institution, pay all valid obligations 
     of the System institution in accordance with the 
     prescriptions and limitations of this section.
       ``(I) Incidental powers.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Corporation may, as conservator or 
     receiver--

       ``(I) exercise all powers and authorities specifically 
     granted to conservators or receivers, respectively, under 
     this section and such incidental powers as shall be necessary 
     to carry out such powers; and
       ``(II) take any action authorized by this section, which 
     the Corporation determines is in the best interests of--

       ``(aa) the System institution in receivership or 
     conservatorship;
       ``(bb) System institutions;
       ``(cc) System institution stockholders or investors; or
       ``(dd) the Corporation.
       ``(ii) Termination of rights and claims.--

       ``(I) In general.--Except as provided in subclause (II), 
     notwithstanding any other provision of law, the appointment 
     of the Corporation as receiver for a System institution and 
     the succession of the Corporation, by operation of law, to 
     the rights, titles, powers, and privileges described in 
     subparagraph (A) shall terminate all rights and claims that 
     the stockholders and creditors of the System institution may 
     have, arising as a result of their status as stockholders or 
     creditors, against the assets or charter of the System 
     institution or the Corporation.
       ``(II) Exceptions.--Subclause (I) shall not terminate the 
     right to payment, resolution, or other satisfaction of the 
     claims of stockholders and creditors described in that 
     subclause, as permitted under paragraphs (10) and (11) and 
     subsection (d).

       ``(iii) Charter.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law, for purposes of this section, the charter of a System 
     institution shall not be considered to be an asset of the 
     System institution.
       ``(J) Utilization of private sector.--In carrying out its 
     responsibilities in the management and disposition of assets 
     from System institutions, as conservator, receiver, or in its 
     corporate capacity, the Corporation may utilize the services 
     of private persons, including real estate and loan portfolio 
     asset management, property management, auction marketing, 
     legal, and brokerage services, if the Corporation determines 
     utilization of such services is practicable, efficient, and 
     cost effective.
       ``(3) Authority of receiver to determine claims.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Corporation may, as receiver, 
     determine claims in accordance with the requirements of this 
     subsection and regulations prescribed under paragraph (4).
       ``(B) Notice requirements.--The receiver, in any case 
     involving the liquidation or winding up of the affairs of a 
     closed System institution, shall--
       ``(i) promptly publish a notice to the System institution's 
     creditors to present their claims, together with proof, to 
     the receiver by a date specified in the notice which shall be 
     not less than 90 days after the publication of such notice; 
     and
       ``(ii) republish such notice approximately 1 month and 2 
     months, respectively, after the publication under clause (i).
       ``(C) Mailing required.--The receiver shall mail a notice 
     similar to the notice published under subparagraph (B)(i) at 
     the time of such publication to any creditor shown on the 
     System institution's books--
       ``(i) at the creditor's last address appearing in such 
     books; or
       ``(ii) upon discovery of the name and address of a claimant 
     not appearing on the System institution's books within 30 
     days after the discovery of such name and address.
       ``(4) Rulemaking authority relating to determination of 
     claims.--The Corporation may prescribe regulations regarding 
     the allowance or disallowance of claims by the receiver and 
     providing for administrative determination of claims and 
     review of such determination.
       ``(5) Procedures for determination of claims.--
       ``(A) Determination period.--
       ``(i) In general.--Before the end of the 180-day period 
     beginning on the date any claim against a System institution 
     is filed with the Corporation as receiver, the Corporation 
     shall determine whether to allow or disallow the claim and 
     shall notify the claimant of any determination with respect 
     to such claim.
       ``(ii) Extension of time.--The period described in clause 
     (i) may be extended by a written agreement between the 
     claimant and the Corporation.
       ``(iii) Mailing of notice sufficient.--The requirements of 
     clause (i) shall be deemed to be satisfied if the notice of 
     any determination with respect to any claim is mailed to the 
     last address of the claimant which appears--

       ``(I) on the System institution's books;
       ``(II) in the claim filed by the claimant; or
       ``(III) in documents submitted in proof of the claim.

       ``(iv) Contents of notice of disallowance.--If any claim 
     filed under clause (i) is disallowed, the notice to the 
     claimant shall contain--

       ``(I) a statement of each reason for the disallowance; and
       ``(II) the procedures available for obtaining agency review 
     of the determination to disallow the claim or judicial 
     determination of the claim.

       ``(B) Allowance of proven claims.--The receiver shall allow 
     any claim received on or before the date specified in the 
     notice published under paragraph (3)(B)(i) by the receiver 
     from any claimant which is proved to the satisfaction of the 
     receiver.
       ``(C) Disallowance of claims filed after end of filing 
     period.--
       ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), 
     claims filed after the date specified in the notice published 
     under paragraph (3)(B)(i) shall be disallowed and such 
     disallowance shall be final.
       ``(ii) Certain exceptions.--Clause (i) shall not apply with 
     respect to any claim filed by any claimant after the date 
     specified in the notice published under paragraph (3)(B)(i) 
     and such claim may be considered by the receiver if--

       ``(I) the claimant did not receive notice of the 
     appointment of the receiver in time to file such claim before 
     such date; and
       ``(II) such claim is filed in time to permit payment of 
     such claim.

       ``(D) Authority to disallow claims.--
       ``(i) In general.--The receiver may disallow any portion of 
     any claim by a creditor or claim of security, preference, or 
     priority which is not proved to the satisfaction of the 
     receiver.
       ``(ii) Payments to less than fully secured creditors.--In 
     the case of a claim of a creditor against a System 
     institution which is secured by

[[Page H9874]]

     any property or other asset of such System institution, any 
     receiver appointed for any System institution--

       ``(I) may treat the portion of such claim which exceeds an 
     amount equal to the fair market value of such property or 
     other asset as an unsecured claim against the System 
     institution; and
       ``(II) may not make any payment with respect to such 
     unsecured portion of the claim other than in connection with 
     the disposition of all claims of unsecured creditors of the 
     System institution.

       ``(iii) Exceptions.--No provision of this paragraph shall 
     apply with respect to--

       ``(I) any extension of credit from any Federal Reserve bank 
     or the United States Treasury to any System institution; or
       ``(II) any security interest in the assets of the System 
     institution securing any such extension of credit.

       ``(E) No judicial review of determination pursuant to 
     subparagraph (d).--No court may review the Corporation's 
     determination pursuant to subparagraph (D) to disallow a 
     claim.
       ``(F) Legal effect of filing.--
       ``(i) Statute of limitation tolled.--For purposes of any 
     applicable statute of limitations, the filing of a claim with 
     the receiver shall constitute a commencement of an action.
       ``(ii) No prejudice to other actions.--Subject to paragraph 
     (12) and the determination of claims by a receiver, the 
     filing of a claim with the receiver shall not prejudice any 
     right of the claimant to continue any action which was filed 
     before the appointment of the receiver.
       ``(6) Provision for judicial determination of claims.--
       ``(A) In general.--Before the end of the 60-day period 
     beginning on the earlier of--
       ``(i) the end of the period described in paragraph 
     (5)(A)(i) with respect to any claim against a System 
     institution for which the Corporation is receiver; or
       ``(ii) the date of any notice of disallowance of such claim 
     pursuant to paragraph (5)(A)(i),
     the claimant may request administrative review of the claim 
     in accordance with paragraph (7) or file suit on such claim 
     (or continue an action commenced before the appointment of 
     the receiver) in the district or territorial court of the 
     United States for the district within which the System 
     institution's principal place of business is located or the 
     United States District Court for the District of Columbia 
     (and such court shall have jurisdiction to hear such claim).
       ``(B) Statute of limitations.--If any claimant fails to 
     file suit on such claim (or continue an action commenced 
     before the appointment of the receiver), before the end of 
     the 60-day period described in subparagraph (A), the claim 
     shall be deemed to be disallowed (other than any portion of 
     such claim which was allowed by the receiver) as of the end 
     of such period, such disallowance shall be final, and the 
     claimant shall have no further rights or remedies with 
     respect to such claim.
       ``(7) Review of claims; administrative hearing.--If any 
     claimant requests review under this paragraph in lieu of 
     filing or continuing any action under paragraph (6) and the 
     Corporation agrees to such request, the Corporation shall 
     consider the claim after opportunity for a hearing on the 
     record. The final determination of the Corporation with 
     respect to such claim shall be subject to judicial review 
     under chapter 7 of title 5, United States Code.
       ``(8) Expedited determination of claims.--
       ``(A) Establishment required.--The Corporation shall 
     establish a procedure for expedited relief outside of the 
     routine claims process established under paragraph (5) for 
     claimants who--
       ``(i) allege the existence of legally valid and enforceable 
     or perfected security interests in assets of any System 
     institution for which the Corporation has been appointed 
     receiver; and
       ``(ii) allege that irreparable injury will occur if the 
     routine claims procedure is followed.
       ``(B) Determination period.--Before the end of the 90-day 
     period beginning on the date any claim is filed in accordance 
     with the procedures established pursuant to subparagraph (A), 
     the Corporation shall--
       ``(i) determine--

       ``(I) whether to allow or disallow such claim; or
       ``(II) whether such claim should be determined pursuant to 
     the procedures established pursuant to paragraph (5); and

       ``(ii) notify the claimant of the determination, and if the 
     claim is disallowed, provide a statement of each reason for 
     the disallowance and the procedure for obtaining agency 
     review or judicial determination.
       ``(C) Period for filing or renewing suit.--Any claimant who 
     files a request for expedited relief shall be permitted to 
     file a suit, or to continue a suit filed before the 
     appointment of the receiver, seeking a determination of the 
     claimant's rights with respect to such security interest 
     after the earlier of--
       ``(i) the end of the 90-day period beginning on the date of 
     the filing of a request for expedited relief; or
       ``(ii) the date the Corporation denies the claim.
       ``(D) Statute of limitations.--If an action described in 
     subparagraph (C) is not filed, or the motion to renew a 
     previously filed suit is not made, before the end of the 30-
     day period beginning on the date on which such action or 
     motion may be filed in accordance with subparagraph (B), the 
     claim shall be deemed to be disallowed as of the end of such 
     period (other than any portion of such claim which was 
     allowed by the receiver), such disallowance shall be final, 
     and the claimant shall have no further rights or remedies 
     with respect to such claim.
       ``(E) Legal effect of filing.--
       ``(i) Statute of limitation tolled.--For purposes of any 
     applicable statute of limitations, the filing of a claim with 
     the receiver shall constitute a commencement of an action.
       ``(ii) No prejudice to other actions.--Subject to paragraph 
     (12), the filing of a claim with the receiver shall not 
     prejudice any right of the claimant to continue any action 
     which was filed before the appointment of the receiver.
       ``(9) Agreement as basis of claim.--
       ``(A) Requirements.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
     (B), any agreement which does not meet the requirements set 
     forth in section 5.61(d) shall not form the basis of, or 
     substantially comprise, a claim against the receiver or the 
     Corporation.
       ``(B) Exception to contemporaneous execution requirement.--
     Notwithstanding section 5.61(d), any agreement relating to an 
     extension of credit between a Federal Reserve bank or the 
     United States Treasury and any System institution which was 
     executed before such extension of credit to such System 
     institution shall be treated as having been executed 
     contemporaneously with such extension of credit for purposes 
     of subparagraph (A).
       ``(10) Payment of claims.--
       ``(A) In general.--The receiver may, in the receiver's 
     discretion and to the extent funds are available from the 
     assets of the System institution, pay creditor claims which 
     are allowed by the receiver, approved by the Corporation 
     pursuant to a final determination pursuant to paragraph (7) 
     or (8), or determined by the final judgment of any court of 
     competent jurisdiction in such manner and amounts as are 
     authorized under this Act.
       ``(B) Liquidation payments.--The receiver may, in the 
     receiver's sole discretion, pay from the assets of the System 
     institution portions of proved claims at any time, and no 
     liability shall attach to the Corporation (in such 
     Corporation's corporate capacity or as receiver), by reason 
     of any such payment, for failure to make payments to a 
     claimant whose claim is not proved at the time of any such 
     payment.
       ``(C) Rulemaking authority of corporation.--The Corporation 
     may prescribe such rules, including definitions of terms, as 
     it deems appropriate to establish a single uniform interest 
     rate for or to make payments of post insolvency interest to 
     creditors holding proven claims against the receivership 
     estates of System institutions following satisfaction by the 
     receiver of the principal amount of all creditor claims.
       ``(11) Priority of expenses and claims.--
       ``(A) In general.--Amounts realized from the liquidation or 
     other resolution of any System institution by any receiver 
     appointed for such System institution shall be distributed to 
     pay claims (other than secured claims to the extent of any 
     such security) in the following order of priority:
       ``(i) Administrative expenses of the receiver.
       ``(ii) If authorized by the Corporation, wages, salaries, 
     or commissions, including vacation, severance, and sick leave 
     pay earned by an individual--

       ``(I) in an amount that is not more than $11,725 for each 
     individual (as indexed for inflation, by regulation of the 
     Corporation); and
       ``(II) that is earned 180 days or fewer before the date of 
     appointment of the Corporation as receiver.

       ``(iii) In the case of the resolution of a System bank, all 
     claims of holders of consolidated and System-wide bonds and 
     all claims of the other System banks arising from the 
     payments of the System banks pursuant to--

       ``(I) section 4.4 on consolidated and System-wide bonds 
     issued under subsection (c) or (d) of section 4.2; or
       ``(II) an agreement, in writing and approved by the Farm 
     Credit Administration, among the System banks to reallocate 
     the payments.

       ``(iv) In the case of the resolution of a production credit 
     association or other association making direct loans under 
     section 7.6, all claims of a System bank based on the 
     financing agreement between the association and the System 
     bank--

       ``(I) including interest accrued before and after the 
     appointment of the receiver; and
       ``(II) not including any setoff for stock or other equity 
     of that System bank owned by the association, on that 
     condition that, prior to making that setoff, that System bank 
     shall obtain the approval of the Farm Credit Administration 
     Board for the retirement of that stock or equity.

       ``(v) Any general or senior liability of the System 
     institution (which is not a liability described in clause 
     (vi) or (vii)).
       ``(vi) Any obligation subordinated to general creditors 
     (which is not an obligation described in clause (vii)).
       ``(vii) Any obligation to stockholders or members arising 
     as a result of their status as stockholders or members.
       ``(B) Payment of claims.--
       ``(i) In general.--

       ``(I) Payment.--All claims of each priority described in 
     clauses (i) through (vii) of subparagraph (A) shall be paid 
     in full, or provisions shall be made for that payment, prior 
     to the payment of any claim of a lesser priority.
       ``(II) Insufficient funds.--If there are insufficient funds 
     to pay in full all claims in any priority described clauses 
     (i) through (vii) of subparagraph (A), distribution on that 
     priority of claims shall be made on a pro rata basis.

       ``(ii) Distribution of remaining assets.--Following the 
     payment of all claims in accordance with subparagraph (A), 
     the receiver shall distribute the remainder of the assets of 
     the System institution to the owners of stock, participation 
     certificates, and other equities in accordance with the 
     priorities for impairment under the bylaws of the System 
     institution.
       ``(iii) Eligible borrower stock.--Notwithstanding 
     subparagraph (C) or any other provision of this section, 
     eligible borrower stock shall be retired in accordance with 
     section 4.9A.
       ``(C) Effect of state law.--
       ``(i) In general.--The provisions of subparagraph (A) shall 
     not supersede the law of any

[[Page H9875]]

     State except to the extent such law is inconsistent with the 
     provisions of such subparagraph, and then only to the extent 
     of the inconsistency.
       ``(ii) Procedure for determination of inconsistency.--Upon 
     the Corporation's own motion or upon the request of any 
     person with a claim described in subparagraph (A) or any 
     State which is submitted to the Corporation in accordance 
     with procedures which the Corporation shall prescribe, the 
     Corporation shall determine whether any provision of the law 
     of any State is inconsistent with any provision of 
     subparagraph (A) and the extent of any such inconsistency.
       ``(iii) Judicial review.--The final determination of the 
     Corporation under clause (ii) shall be subject to judicial 
     review under chapter 7 of title 5, United States Code.
       ``(D) Accounting report.--Any distribution by the 
     Corporation in connection with any claim described in 
     subparagraph (A)(vii) shall be accompanied by the accounting 
     report required under paragraph (15)(B).
       ``(12) Suspension of legal actions.--
       ``(A) In general.--After the appointment of a conservator 
     or receiver for a System institution, the conservator or 
     receiver may request a stay for a period not to exceed--
       ``(i) 45 days, in the case of any conservator; and
       ``(ii) 90 days, in the case of any receiver,
     in any judicial action or proceeding to which such System 
     institution is or becomes a party.
       ``(B) Grant of stay by all courts required.--Upon receipt 
     of a request by any conservator or receiver pursuant to 
     subparagraph (A) for a stay of any judicial action or 
     proceeding in any court with jurisdiction of such action or 
     proceeding, the court shall grant such stay as to all 
     parties.
       ``(13) Additional rights and duties.--
       ``(A) Prior final adjudication.--The Corporation shall 
     abide by any final unappealable judgment of any court of 
     competent jurisdiction which was rendered before the 
     appointment of the Corporation as conservator or receiver.
       ``(B) Rights and remedies of conservator or receiver.--In 
     the event of any appealable judgment, the Corporation as 
     conservator or receiver shall--
       ``(i) have all the rights and remedies available to the 
     System institution (before the appointment of such 
     conservator or receiver) and the Corporation in its corporate 
     capacity, including removal to Federal court and all 
     appellate rights; and
       ``(ii) not be required to post any bond in order to pursue 
     such remedies.
       ``(C) No attachment or execution.--No attachment or 
     execution may issue by any court on--
       ``(i) assets in the possession of the receiver; or
       ``(ii) the charter of a System institution for which the 
     Corporation has been appointed receiver.
       ``(D) Limitation on judicial review.--Except as otherwise 
     provided in this subsection, no court shall have jurisdiction 
     over--
       ``(i) any claim or action for payment from, or any action 
     seeking a determination of rights with respect to, the assets 
     of any System institution for which the Corporation has been 
     appointed receiver, including assets which the Corporation 
     may acquire from itself as such receiver; or
       ``(ii) any claim relating to any act or omission of such 
     System institution or the Corporation as receiver.
       ``(E) Disposition of assets.--In exercising any right, 
     power, privilege, or authority as receiver in connection with 
     any sale or disposition of assets of any System institution 
     for which the Corporation is acting as receiver, the 
     Corporation shall, to the maximum extent practicable, conduct 
     its operations in a manner which--
       ``(i) maximizes the net present value return from the sale 
     or disposition of such assets;
       ``(ii) minimizes the amount of any loss realized in the 
     resolution of cases;
       ``(iii) ensures adequate competition and fair and 
     consistent treatment of offerors;
       ``(iv) prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, sex, 
     or ethnic groups in the solicitation and consideration of 
     offers; and
       ``(v) mitigates the potential for serious adverse effects 
     to the rest of the System.
       ``(14) Statute of limitations for actions brought by 
     conservator or receiver.--
       ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any provision of any 
     contract, the applicable statute of limitations with regard 
     to any action brought by the Corporation as conservator or 
     receiver shall be--
       ``(i) in the case of any contract claim, the longer of--

       ``(I) the 6-year period beginning on the date the claim 
     accrues; or
       ``(II) the period applicable under State law; and

       ``(ii) in the case of any tort claim, the longer of--

       ``(I) the 3-year period beginning on the date the claim 
     accrues; or
       ``(II) the period applicable under State law.

       ``(B) Determination of the date on which a claim accrues.--
     For purposes of subparagraph (A), the date on which the 
     statute of limitations begins to run on any claim described 
     in such subparagraph shall be the later of--
       ``(i) the date of the appointment of the Corporation as 
     conservator or receiver; or
       ``(ii) the date on which the cause of action accrues.
       ``(C) Revival of expired state causes of action.--
       ``(i) In general.--In the case of any tort claim described 
     in clause (ii) for which the statute of limitation applicable 
     under State law with respect to such claim has expired not 
     more than 5 years before the appointment of the Corporation 
     as conservator or receiver, the Corporation may bring an 
     action as conservator or receiver on such claim without 
     regard to the expiration of the statute of limitation 
     applicable under State law.
       ``(ii) Claims described.--A tort claim referred to in 
     clause (i) is a claim arising from fraud, intentional 
     misconduct resulting in unjust enrichment, or intentional 
     misconduct resulting in substantial loss to the System 
     institution.
       ``(15) Accounting and recordkeeping requirements.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Corporation as conservator or 
     receiver shall, consistent with the accounting and reporting 
     practices and procedures established by the Corporation, 
     maintain a full accounting of each conservatorship and 
     receivership or other disposition of System institutions in 
     default.
       ``(B) Annual accounting or report.--With respect to each 
     conservatorship or receivership to which the Corporation was 
     appointed, the Corporation shall make an annual accounting or 
     report, as appropriate, available to the Farm Credit 
     Administration Board.
       ``(C) Availability of reports.--Any report prepared 
     pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall be made available by the 
     Corporation upon request to any stockholder of the System 
     institution for which the Corporation was appointed 
     conservator or receiver or any other member of the public.
       ``(D) Recordkeeping requirement.--
       ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), after 
     the end of the 6-year period beginning on the date the 
     Corporation is appointed as receiver of a System institution, 
     the Corporation may destroy any records of such System 
     institution which the Corporation, in the Corporation's 
     discretion, determines to be unnecessary unless directed not 
     to do so by a court of competent jurisdiction or governmental 
     agency, or prohibited by law.
       ``(ii) Old records.--Notwithstanding clause (i), the 
     Corporation may destroy records of a System institution which 
     are at least 10 years old as of the date on which the 
     Corporation is appointed as the receiver of such System 
     institution in accordance with clause (i) at any time after 
     such appointment is final, without regard to the 6-year 
     period of limitation contained in clause (i).
       ``(16) Fraudulent transfers.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Corporation, as conservator or 
     receiver for any System institution, may avoid a transfer of 
     any interest of a System institution-affiliated party, or any 
     person who the Corporation determines is a debtor of the 
     System institution, in property, or any obligation incurred 
     by such party or person, that was made within 5 years of the 
     date on which the Corporation was appointed conservator or 
     receiver if such party or person voluntarily or involuntarily 
     made such transfer or incurred such liability with the intent 
     to hinder, delay, or defraud the System institution, the Farm 
     Credit Administration, or the Corporation.
       ``(B) Right of recovery.--To the extent a transfer is 
     avoided under subparagraph (A), the Corporation may recover, 
     for the benefit of the System institution, the property 
     transferred, or, if a court so orders, the value of such 
     property (at the time of such transfer) from--
       ``(i) the initial transferee of such transfer or the System 
     institution-affiliated party or person for whose benefit such 
     transfer was made; or
       ``(ii) any immediate or mediate transferee of any such 
     initial transferee.
       ``(C) Rights of transferee or obligee.--The Corporation may 
     not recover under subparagraph (B) from--
       ``(i) any transferee that takes for value, including 
     satisfaction or securing of a present or antecedent debt, in 
     good faith; or
       ``(ii) any immediate or mediate good faith transferee of 
     such transferee.
       ``(D) Rights under this paragraph.--The rights under this 
     paragraph of the Corporation shall be superior to any rights 
     of a trustee or any other party (other than any party which 
     is a Federal agency) under title 11, United States Code.
       ``(17) Attachment of assets and other injunctive relief.--
     Subject to paragraph (18), any court of competent 
     jurisdiction may, at the request of the Corporation (in the 
     Corporation's capacity as conservator or receiver for any 
     System institution or in the Corporation's corporate capacity 
     with respect to any asset acquired or liability assumed by 
     the Corporation under section 5.61), issue an order in 
     accordance with Rule 65 of the Federal Rules of Civil 
     Procedure, including an order placing the assets of any 
     person designated by the Corporation under the control of the 
     court and appointing a trustee to hold such assets.
       ``(18) Standards.--
       ``(A) Showing.--Rule 65 of the Federal Rules of Civil 
     Procedure shall apply with respect to any proceeding under 
     paragraph (17) without regard to the requirement of such rule 
     that the applicant show that the injury, loss, or damage is 
     irreparable and immediate.
       ``(B) State proceeding.--If, in the case of any proceeding 
     in a State court, the court determines that rules of civil 
     procedure available under the laws of such State provide 
     substantially similar protections to such party's right to 
     due process as Rule 65 (as modified with respect to such 
     proceeding by subparagraph (A)), the relief sought by the 
     Corporation pursuant to paragraph (17) may be requested under 
     the laws of such State.
       ``(19) Treatment of claims arising from breach of contracts 
     executed by the receiver or conservator.--Notwithstanding any 
     other provision of this subsection, any final and 
     unappealable judgment for monetary damages entered against a 
     receiver or conservator for a System institution for the 
     breach of an agreement executed or approved by such receiver 
     or conservator after the date of its appointment shall be 
     paid as an administrative expense of

[[Page H9876]]

     the receiver or conservator. Nothing in this paragraph shall 
     be construed to limit the power of a receiver or conservator 
     to exercise any rights under contract or law, including 
     terminating, breaching, canceling, or otherwise discontinuing 
     such agreement.
       ``(c) Provisions Relating to Contracts Entered Into Before 
     Appointment of Conservator or Receiver.--
       ``(1) Authority to repudiate contracts.--In addition to any 
     other rights a conservator or receiver may have, the 
     conservator or receiver for a System institution may 
     disaffirm or repudiate any contract or lease--
       ``(A) to which such System institution is a party;
       ``(B) the performance of which the conservator or receiver, 
     in the conservator's or receiver's discretion, determines to 
     be burdensome; and
       ``(C) the disaffirmance or repudiation of which the 
     conservator or receiver determines, in the conservator's or 
     receiver's discretion, will promote the orderly 
     administration of the System institution's affairs.
       ``(2) Timing of repudiation.--The Corporation as 
     conservator or receiver for any System institution shall 
     determine whether or not to exercise the rights of 
     repudiation under this subsection within a reasonable period 
     following such appointment.
       ``(3) Claims for damages for repudiation.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in 
     subparagraph (C) and paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), the 
     liability of the conservator or receiver for the 
     disaffirmance or repudiation of any contract pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) shall be--
       ``(i) limited to actual direct compensatory damages; and
       ``(ii) determined as of--

       ``(I) the date of the appointment of the conservator or 
     receiver; or
       ``(II) in the case of any contract or agreement referred to 
     in paragraph (8), the date of the disaffirmance or 
     repudiation of such contract or agreement.

       ``(B) No liability for other damages.--For purposes of 
     subparagraph (A), the term `actual direct compensatory 
     damages' does not include--
       ``(i) punitive or exemplary damages;
       ``(ii) damages for lost profits or opportunity; or
       ``(iii) damages for pain and suffering.
       ``(C) Measure of damages for repudiation of financial 
     contracts.--In the case of any qualified financial contract 
     or agreement to which paragraph (8) applies, compensatory 
     damages shall be--
       ``(i) deemed to include normal and reasonable costs of 
     cover or other reasonable measures of damages utilized in the 
     industries for such contract and agreement claims; and
       ``(ii) paid in accordance with this subsection and 
     subsection (j), except as otherwise specifically provided in 
     this section.
       ``(4) Leases under which the system institution is the 
     lessee.--
       ``(A) In general.--If the conservator or receiver 
     disaffirms or repudiates a lease under which the System 
     institution was the lessee, the conservator or receiver shall 
     not be liable for any damages (other than damages determined 
     pursuant to subparagraph (B)) for the disaffirmance or 
     repudiation of such lease.
       ``(B) Payments of rent.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), 
     the lessor under a lease to which such subparagraph applies 
     shall--
       ``(i) be entitled to the contractual rent accruing before 
     the later of the date--

       ``(I) the notice of disaffirmance or repudiation is mailed; 
     or
       ``(II) the disaffirmance or repudiation becomes effective, 
     unless the lessor is in default or breach of the terms of the 
     lease; and

       ``(ii) have no claim for damages under any acceleration 
     clause or other penalty provision in the lease; and
       ``(iii) have a claim for any unpaid rent, subject to all 
     appropriate offsets and defenses, due as of the date of the 
     appointment, which shall be paid in accordance with this 
     subsection and subsection (j).
       ``(5) Leases under which the system institution is the 
     lessor.--
       ``(A) In general.--If the conservator or receiver 
     repudiates an unexpired written lease of real property of the 
     System institution under which the System institution is the 
     lessor and the lessee is not, as of the date of such 
     repudiation, in default, the lessee under such lease may 
     either--
       ``(i) treat the lease as terminated by such repudiation; or
       ``(ii) remain in possession of the leasehold interest for 
     the balance of the term of the lease, unless the lessee 
     defaults under the terms of the lease after the date of such 
     repudiation.
       ``(B) Provisions applicable to lessee remaining in 
     possession.--If any lessee under a lease described in 
     subparagraph (A) remains in possession of a leasehold 
     interest pursuant to clause (ii) of such subparagraph--
       ``(i) the lessee--

       ``(I) shall continue to pay the contractual rent pursuant 
     to the terms of the lease after the date of the repudiation 
     of such lease; and
       ``(II) may offset against any rent payment which accrues 
     after the date of the repudiation of the lease, any damages 
     which accrue after such date due to the nonperformance of any 
     obligation of the System institution under the lease after 
     such date; and

       ``(ii) the conservator or receiver shall not be liable to 
     the lessee for any damages arising after such date as a 
     result of the repudiation, other than the amount of any 
     offset allowed under clause (i)(II).
       ``(6) Contracts for the sale of real property.--
       ``(A) In general.--If the conservator or receiver 
     repudiates any contract that meets the requirements of 
     paragraphs (1) through (4) of section 5.61(d) for the sale of 
     real property, and the purchaser of such real property under 
     such contract is in possession and is not, as of the date of 
     such repudiation, in default, such purchaser may either--
       ``(i) treat the contract as terminated by such repudiation; 
     or
       ``(ii) remain in possession of such real property.
       ``(B) Provisions applicable to purchaser remaining in 
     possession.--If any purchaser of real property under any 
     contract described in subparagraph (A) remains in possession 
     of such property pursuant to clause (ii) of such 
     subparagraph--
       ``(i) the purchaser--

       ``(I) shall continue to make all payments due under the 
     contract after the date of the repudiation of the contract; 
     and
       ``(II) may offset against any such payments any damages 
     which accrue after such date due to the nonperformance (after 
     such date) of any obligation of the System institution under 
     the contract; and

       ``(ii) the conservator or receiver shall--

       ``(I) not be liable to the purchaser for any damages 
     arising after that date as a result of the repudiation, other 
     than the amount of any offset allowed under clause (i)(II);
       ``(II) deliver title to the purchaser in accordance with 
     the contract; and
       ``(III) have no obligation under the contract, other than 
     the performance required under subclause (II).

       ``(C) Assignment and sale allowed.--
       ``(i) In general.--No provision of this paragraph shall be 
     construed as limiting the right of the conservator or 
     receiver to assign the contract described in subparagraph (A) 
     and sell the property subject to the contract and this 
     paragraph.
       ``(ii) No liability after assignment and sale.--If an 
     assignment and sale described in clause (i) is consummated, 
     the Corporation, acting as conservator or receiver, shall 
     have no further liability under the applicable contract 
     described in subparagraph (A) or with respect to the real 
     property which was the subject of such contract.
       ``(7) Provisions applicable to service contracts.--
       ``(A) Services performed before appointment.--In the case 
     of any contract for services between any person and any 
     System institution for which the Corporation has been 
     appointed conservator or receiver, any claim of such person 
     for services performed before the appointment of the 
     conservator or the receiver shall be--
       ``(i) a claim to be paid in accordance with subsections (b) 
     and (d); and
       ``(ii) deemed to have arisen as of the date the conservator 
     or receiver was appointed.
       ``(B) Services performed after appointment and prior to 
     repudiation.--If, in the case of any contract for services 
     described in subparagraph (A), the conservator or receiver 
     accepts performance by the other person before the 
     conservator or receiver makes any determination to exercise 
     the right of repudiation of such contract under this 
     section--
       ``(i) the other party shall be paid under the terms of the 
     contract for the services performed; and
       ``(ii) the amount of such payment shall be treated as an 
     administrative expense of the conservatorship or 
     receivership.
       ``(C) Acceptance of performance no bar to subsequent 
     repudiation.--The acceptance by any conservator or receiver 
     of services referred to in subparagraph (B) in connection 
     with a contract described in such subparagraph shall not 
     affect the right of the conservator or receiver, to repudiate 
     such contract under this section at any time after such 
     performance.
       ``(8) Certain qualified financial contracts.--
       ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
       ``(i) Commodity contract.--The term `commodity contract' 
     means--

       ``(I) with respect to a futures commission merchant, a 
     contract for the purchase or sale of a commodity for future 
     delivery on, or subject to the rules of, a contract market or 
     board of trade;
       ``(II) with respect to a foreign futures commission 
     merchant, a foreign future;
       ``(III) with respect to a leverage transaction merchant, a 
     leverage transaction;
       ``(IV) with respect to a clearing organization, a contract 
     for the purchase or sale of a commodity for future delivery 
     on, or subject to the rules of, a contract market or board of 
     trade that is cleared by such clearing organization, or 
     commodity option traded on, or subject to the rules of, a 
     contract market or board of trade that is cleared by such 
     clearing organization;
       ``(V) with respect to a commodity options dealer, a 
     commodity option;
       ``(VI) any other agreement or transaction that is similar 
     to any agreement or transaction referred to in this clause;
       ``(VII) any combination of the agreements or transactions 
     referred to in this clause;
       ``(VIII) any option to enter into any agreement or 
     transaction referred to in this clause;
       ``(IX) a master agreement that provides for an agreement or 
     transaction referred to in any of subclauses (I) through 
     (VIII), together with all supplements to any such master 
     agreement, without regard to whether the master agreement 
     provides for an agreement or transaction that is not a 
     commodity contract under this clause, except that the master 
     agreement shall be considered to be a commodity contract 
     under this clause only with respect to each agreement or 
     transaction under the master agreement that is referred to in 
     subclause (I), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), or 
     (VIII); or
       ``(X) any security agreement or arrangement or other credit 
     enhancement related to any agreement or transaction referred 
     to in this

[[Page H9877]]

     clause, including any guarantee or reimbursement obligation 
     in connection with any agreement or transaction referred to 
     in this clause.

       ``(ii) Forward contract.--The term `forward contract' 
     means--

       ``(I) a contract (other than a commodity contract) for the 
     purchase, sale, or transfer of a commodity or any similar 
     good, article, service, right, or interest which is presently 
     or in the future becomes the subject of dealing in the 
     forward contract trade, or product or byproduct thereof, with 
     a maturity date more than 2 days after the date the contract 
     is entered into, including a repurchase or reverse repurchase 
     transaction (whether or not such repurchase or reverse 
     repurchase transaction is a repurchase agreement), 
     consignment, lease, swap, hedge transaction, deposit, loan, 
     option, allocated transaction, unallocated transaction, or 
     any other similar agreement;
       ``(II) any combination of agreements or transactions 
     referred to in subclauses (I) and (III);
       ``(III) any option to enter into any agreement or 
     transaction referred to in subclause (I) or (II);
       ``(IV) a master agreement that provides for an agreement or 
     transaction referred to in subclauses (I) through (III), 
     together with all supplements to any such master agreement, 
     without regard to whether the master agreement provides for 
     an agreement or transaction that is not a forward contract 
     under this clause, except that the master agreement shall be 
     considered to be a forward contract under this clause only 
     with respect to each agreement or transaction under the 
     master agreement that is referred to in subclause (I), (II), 
     or (III); or
       ``(V) any security agreement or arrangement or other credit 
     enhancement related to any agreement or transaction referred 
     to in subclause (I), (II), (III), or (IV), including any 
     guarantee or reimbursement obligation in connection with any 
     agreement or transaction referred to in any such subclause.

       ``(iii) Person.--The term `person'--

       ``(I) has the meaning given the term in section 1 of title 
     1, United States Code; and
       ``(II) includes any governmental entity.

       ``(iv) Qualified financial contract.--The term `qualified 
     financial contract' means any securities contract, commodity 
     contract, forward contract, repurchase agreement, swap 
     agreement, and any similar agreement that the Corporation 
     determines by regulation, resolution, or order to be a 
     qualified financial contract for purposes of this paragraph.
       ``(v) Repurchase agreement.--

       ``(I) In general.--The term `repurchase agreement' 
     (including with respect to a reverse repurchase agreement)--

       ``(aa) means--
       ``(AA) an agreement, including related terms, which 
     provides for the transfer of one or more certificates of 
     deposit, mortgage-related securities (as such term is defined 
     in section 3(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 
     U.S.C. 78c(a))), mortgage loans, interests in mortgage-
     related securities or mortgage loans, eligible bankers' 
     acceptances, qualified foreign government securities or 
     securities that are direct obligations of, or that are fully 
     guaranteed by, the United States or any agency of the United 
     States against the transfer of funds by the transferee of 
     such certificates of deposit, eligible bankers' acceptances, 
     securities, mortgage loans, or interests with a simultaneous 
     agreement by such transferee to transfer to the transferor 
     thereof certificates of deposit, eligible bankers' 
     acceptances, securities, mortgage loans, or interests as 
     described above, at a date certain not later than 1 year 
     after such transfers or on demand, against the transfer of 
     funds, or any other similar agreement;
       ``(BB) any combination of agreements or transactions 
     referred to in subitems (AA) and (CC);
       ``(CC) any option to enter into any agreement or 
     transaction referred to in subitem (AA) or (BB);
       ``(DD) a master agreement that provides for an agreement or 
     transaction referred to in subitem (AA), (BB), or (CC), 
     together with all supplements to any such master agreement, 
     without regard to whether the master agreement provides for 
     an agreement or transaction that is not a repurchase 
     agreement under this item, except that the master agreement 
     shall be considered to be a repurchase agreement under this 
     item only with respect to each agreement or transaction under 
     the master agreement that is referred to in subitem (AA), 
     (BB), or (CC); and
       ``(EE) any security agreement or arrangement or other 
     credit enhancement related to any agreement or transaction 
     referred to in any of subitems (AA) through (DD), including 
     any guarantee or reimbursement obligation in connection with 
     any agreement or transaction referred to in any such subitem; 
     and
       ``(bb) does not include any repurchase obligation under a 
     participation in a commercial mortgage, loan unless the 
     Corporation determines by regulation, resolution, or order to 
     include any such participation within the meaning of such 
     term.

       ``(II) Related definition.--For purposes of subclause 
     (I)(aa), the term `qualified foreign government security' 
     means a security that is a direct obligation of, or that is 
     fully guaranteed by, the central government of a member of 
     the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (as 
     determined by regulation or order adopted by the appropriate 
     Federal banking authority).

       ``(vi) Securities contract.--The term `securities 
     contract'--

       ``(I) means--

       ``(aa) a contract for the purchase, sale, or loan of a 
     security, a certificate of deposit, a mortgage loan, any 
     interest in a mortgage loan, a group or index of securities, 
     certificates of deposit, or mortgage loans or interests 
     therein (including any interest therein or based on the value 
     thereof) or any option on any of the foregoing, including any 
     option to purchase or sell any such security, certificate of 
     deposit, mortgage loan, interest, group or index, or option, 
     and including any repurchase or reverse repurchase 
     transaction on any such security, certificate of deposit, 
     mortgage loan, interest, group or index, or option (whether 
     or not the repurchase or reverse repurchase transaction is a 
     repurchase agreement);
       ``(bb) any option entered into on a national securities 
     exchange relating to foreign currencies;
       ``(cc) the guarantee (including by novation) by or to any 
     securities clearing agency of any settlement of cash, 
     securities, certificates of deposit, mortgage loans or 
     interests therein, group or index of securities, certificates 
     of deposit, or mortgage loans or interests therein (including 
     any interest therein or based on the value thereof) or option 
     on any of the foregoing, including any option to purchase or 
     sell any such security, certificate of deposit, mortgage 
     loan, interest, group or index, or option (whether or not the 
     settlement is in connection with any agreement or transaction 
     referred to in any of items (aa), (bb), and (dd) through 
     (kk));
       ``(dd) any margin loan;
       ``(ee) any extension of credit for the clearance or 
     settlement of securities transactions;
       ``(ff) any loan transaction coupled with a securities 
     collar transaction, any prepaid securities forward 
     transaction, or any total return swap transaction coupled 
     with a securities sale transaction;
       ``(gg) any other agreement or transaction that is similar 
     to any agreement or transaction referred to in this 
     subclause;
       ``(hh) any combination of the agreements or transactions 
     referred to in this subclause;
       ``(ii) any option to enter into any agreement or 
     transaction referred to in this subclause;
       ``(jj) a master agreement that provides for an agreement or 
     transaction referred to in any of items (aa) through (ii), 
     together with all supplements to any such master agreement, 
     without regard to whether the master agreement provides for 
     an agreement or transaction that is not a securities contract 
     under this subclause, except that the master agreement shall 
     be considered to be a securities contract under this 
     subclause only with respect to each agreement or transaction 
     under the master agreement that is referred to in item (aa), 
     (bb), (cc), (dd), (ee), (ff), (gg), (hh), or (ii); and
       ``(kk) any security agreement or arrangement or other 
     credit enhancement related to any agreement or transaction 
     referred to in this subclause, including any guarantee or 
     reimbursement obligation in connection with any agreement or 
     transaction referred to in this subclause; and

       ``(II) does not include any purchase, sale, or repurchase 
     obligation under a participation in a commercial mortgage 
     loan unless the Corporation determines by regulation, 
     resolution, or order to include any such agreement within the 
     meaning of such term.

       ``(vii) Swap agreement.--The term `swap agreement' means--

       ``(I) any agreement, including the terms and conditions 
     incorporated by reference in any such agreement, that is--

       ``(aa) an interest rate swap, option, future, or forward 
     agreement, including a rate floor, rate cap, rate collar, 
     cross-currency rate swap, and basis swap;
       ``(bb) a spot, same day-tomorrow, tomorrow-next, forward, 
     or other foreign exchange precious metals or other commodity 
     agreement;
       ``(cc) a currency swap, option, future, or forward 
     agreement;
       ``(dd) an equity index or equity swap, option, future, or 
     forward agreement;
       ``(ee) a debt index or debt swap, option, future, or 
     forward agreement;
       ``(ff) a total return, credit spread or credit swap, 
     option, future, or forward agreement;
       ``(gg) a commodity index or commodity swap, option, future, 
     or forward agreement;
       ``(hh) a weather swap, option, future, or forward 
     agreement;
       ``(ii) an emissions swap, option, future, or forward 
     agreement; or
       ``(jj) an inflation swap, option, future, or forward 
     agreement;

       ``(II) any agreement or transaction that is similar to any 
     other agreement or transaction referred to in this clause and 
     that is of a type that has been, is presently, or in the 
     future becomes, the subject of recurrent dealings in the swap 
     or other derivatives markets (including terms and conditions 
     incorporated by reference in such agreement) and that is a 
     forward, swap, future, option or spot transaction on one or 
     more rates, currencies, commodities, equity securities or 
     other equity instruments, debt securities or other debt 
     instruments, quantitative measures associated with an 
     occurrence, extent of an occurrence, or contingency 
     associated with a financial, commercial, or economic 
     consequence, or economic or financial indices or measures of 
     economic or financial risk or value;
       ``(III) any combination of agreements or transactions 
     referred to in this clause;
       ``(IV) any option to enter into any agreement or 
     transaction referred to in this clause;
       ``(V) a master agreement that provides for an agreement or 
     transaction referred to in any of subclauses (I) through 
     (IV), together with all supplements to any such master 
     agreement, without regard to whether the master agreement 
     contains an agreement or transaction that is not a swap 
     agreement under this clause, except that the master agreement 
     shall be considered to be a swap agreement under this clause 
     only with respect to each agreement or transaction under the 
     master agreement that is referred to in subclause (I), (II), 
     (III), or (IV); and
       ``(VI) any security agreement or arrangement or other 
     credit enhancement related to any agreements or transactions 
     referred to in any of subclauses (I) through (V), including 
     any guarantee or reimbursement obligation in connection

[[Page H9878]]

     with any agreement or transaction referred to in any such 
     subclause.

       ``(viii) Transfer.--The term `transfer' means every mode, 
     direct or indirect, absolute or conditional, voluntary or 
     involuntary, of disposing of or parting with property or with 
     an interest in property, including retention of title as a 
     security interest and foreclosure of the equity of redemption 
     of a System institution.
       ``(ix) Treatment of master agreement as 1 agreement.--For 
     purposes of this subparagraph--

       ``(I) any master agreement for any contract or agreement 
     described in this subparagraph (or any master agreement for 
     such a master agreement or agreements), together with all 
     supplements to the master agreement, shall be treated as a 
     single agreement and a single qualified financial contact; 
     and
       ``(II) if a master agreement contains provisions relating 
     to agreements or transactions that are not qualified 
     financial contracts, the master agreement shall be deemed to 
     be a qualified financial contract only with respect to those 
     transactions that are themselves qualified financial 
     contracts.

       ``(B) Rights of parties to contracts.--Subject to 
     paragraphs (9) and (10), and notwithstanding any other 
     provision of this Act (other than subsection (b)(9) and 
     section 5.61(d)) or any other Federal or State law, no person 
     shall be stayed or prohibited from exercising--
       ``(i) any right such person has to cause the termination, 
     liquidation, or acceleration of any qualified financial 
     contract with a System institution which arises upon the 
     appointment of the Corporation as receiver for such System 
     institution at any time after such appointment;
       ``(ii) any right under any security agreement or 
     arrangement or other credit enhancement related to one or 
     more qualified financial contracts described in clause (i); 
     or
       ``(iii) any right to offset or net out any termination 
     value, payment amount, or other transfer obligation arising 
     under, or in connection with, 1 or more contracts and 
     agreements described in clause (i), including any master 
     agreement for such contracts or agreements.
       ``(C) Applicability of other provisions.--Subsection 
     (b)(12) shall apply in the case of any judicial action or 
     proceeding brought against any receiver referred to in 
     subparagraph (A), or the System institution for which such 
     receiver was appointed, by any party to a contract or 
     agreement described in subparagraph (B)(i) with such System 
     institution.
       ``(D) Certain transfers not avoidable.--
       ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph (11) or any 
     other Federal or State law relating to the avoidance of 
     preferential or fraudulent transfers, the Corporation, 
     whether acting as such or as conservator or receiver of a 
     System institution, may not avoid any transfer of money or 
     other property in connection with any qualified financial 
     contract with a System institution.
       ``(ii) Exception for certain transfers.--Clause (i) shall 
     not apply to any transfer of money or other property in 
     connection with any qualified financial contract with a 
     System institution if the Corporation determines that the 
     transferee had actual intent to hinder, delay, or defraud 
     such System institution, the creditors of such System 
     institution, or any conservator or receiver appointed for 
     such System institution.
       ``(E) Certain protections in event of appointment of 
     conservator.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act 
     (other than subparagraph (G), paragraph (10), subsection 
     (b)(9), and section 5.61(d)) or any other Federal or State 
     law, no person shall be stayed or prohibited from 
     exercising--
       ``(i) any right such person has to cause the termination, 
     liquidation, or acceleration of any qualified financial 
     contract with a System institution in a conservatorship based 
     upon a default under such financial contract which is 
     enforceable under applicable noninsolvency law;
       ``(ii) any right under any security agreement or 
     arrangement or other credit enhancement related to one or 
     more qualified financial contracts described in clause (i); 
     and
       ``(iii) any right to offset or net out any termination 
     values, payment amounts, or other transfer obligations 
     arising under or in connection with such qualified financial 
     contracts.
       ``(F) Clarification.--No provision of law shall be 
     construed as limiting the right or power of the Corporation, 
     or authorizing any court or agency to limit or delay, in any 
     manner, the right or power of the Corporation to transfer any 
     qualified financial contract in accordance with paragraphs 
     (9) and (10) or to disaffirm or repudiate any such contract 
     in accordance with paragraph (1).
       ``(G) Walkaway clauses not effective.--
       ``(i) Definition of walkaway clause.--In this subparagraph, 
     the term `walkaway clause' means any provision in a qualified 
     financial contract that suspends, conditions, or extinguishes 
     a payment obligation of a party, in whole or in part, or does 
     not create a payment obligation of a party that would 
     otherwise exist--

       ``(I) solely because of--

       ``(aa) the status of the party as a nondefaulting party in 
     connection with the insolvency of a System institution that 
     is a party to the contract; or
       ``(bb) the appointment of, or the exercise of rights or 
     powers by, the Corporation as a conservator or receiver of 
     the System institution; and

       ``(II) not as a result of the exercise by a party of any 
     right to offset, setoff, or net obligations that exist 
     under--

       ``(aa) the contract;
       ``(bb) any other contract between those parties; or
       ``(cc) applicable law.
       ``(ii) Treatment.--Notwithstanding the provisions of 
     subparagraphs (B) and (E), no walkaway clause shall be 
     enforceable in a qualified financial contract of a System 
     institution in default.
       ``(iii) Limited suspension of certain obligations.--In the 
     case of a qualified financial contract referred to in clause 
     (ii), any payment or delivery obligations otherwise due from 
     a party pursuant to the qualified financial contract shall be 
     suspended from the time the receiver is appointed until the 
     earlier of--

       ``(I) the time such party receives notice that such 
     contract has been transferred pursuant to subparagraph (B); 
     or
       ``(II) 5:00 p.m. (eastern time) on the business day 
     following the date of the appointment of the receiver.

       ``(H) Recordkeeping requirements.--The Corporation, in 
     consultation with the Farm Credit Administration, may 
     prescribe regulations requiring more detailed recordkeeping 
     by any System institution with respect to qualified financial 
     contracts (including market valuations), only if such System 
     institution is subject to subclause (I), (III), or (IV) of 
     section 5.61B(a)(1)(A)(ii).
       ``(9) Transfer of qualified financial contracts.--
       ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
       ``(i) Clearing organization.--The term `clearing 
     organization' has the meaning given the term in section 402 
     of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act 
     of 1991 (12 U.S.C. 4402).
       ``(ii) Financial institution.--The term `financial 
     institution' means a System institution, a broker or dealer, 
     a depository institution, a futures commission merchant, or 
     any other institution, as determined by the Corporation by 
     regulation to be a financial institution.
       ``(B) Requirement.--In making any transfer of assets or 
     liabilities of a System institution in default which includes 
     any qualified financial contract, the conservator or receiver 
     for such System institution shall either--
       ``(i) transfer to one financial institution, other than a 
     financial institution for which a conservator, receiver, 
     trustee in bankruptcy, or other legal custodian has been 
     appointed, or that is otherwise the subject of a bankruptcy 
     or insolvency proceeding--

       ``(I) all qualified financial contracts between any person 
     or any affiliate of such person and the System institution in 
     default;
       ``(II) all claims of such person or any affiliate of such 
     person against such System institution under any such 
     contract (other than any claim which, under the terms of any 
     such contract, is subordinated to the claims of general 
     unsecured creditors of such System institution);
       ``(III) all claims of such System institution against such 
     person or any affiliate of such person under any such 
     contract; and
       ``(IV) all property securing or any other credit 
     enhancement for any contract described in subclause (I) or 
     any claim described in subclause (II) or (III) under any such 
     contract; or

       ``(ii) transfer none of the qualified financial contracts, 
     claims, property or other credit enhancement referred to in 
     clause (i) (with respect to such person and any affiliate of 
     such person).
       ``(C) Transfer to foreign bank, foreign financial 
     institution, or branch or agency of a foreign bank or 
     financial institution.--In transferring any qualified 
     financial contracts and related claims and property under 
     subparagraph (B)(i), the conservator or receiver for the 
     System institution shall not make such transfer to a foreign 
     bank, financial institution organized under the laws of a 
     foreign country, or a branch or agency of a foreign bank or 
     financial institution unless, under the law applicable to 
     such bank, financial institution, branch or agency, to the 
     qualified financial contracts, and to any netting contract, 
     any security agreement or arrangement or other credit 
     enhancement related to one or more qualified financial 
     contracts, the contractual rights of the parties to such 
     qualified financial contracts, netting contracts, security 
     agreements or arrangements, or other credit enhancements are 
     enforceable substantially to the same extent as permitted 
     under this section.
       ``(D) Transfer of contracts subject to the rules of a 
     clearing organization.--In the event that a conservator or 
     receiver transfers any qualified financial contract and 
     related claims, property, and credit enhancements pursuant to 
     subparagraph (B)(i) and such contract is cleared by or 
     subject to the rules of a clearing organization, the clearing 
     organization shall not be required to accept the transferee 
     as a member by virtue of the transfer.
       ``(10) Notification of transfer.--
       ``(A) Definition of business day.--In this paragraph, the 
     term `business day' means any day other than any Saturday, 
     Sunday, or any day on which either the New York Stock 
     Exchange or the Federal Reserve Bank of New York is closed.
       ``(B) Notification.--If--
       ``(i) the conservator or receiver for a System institution 
     in default makes any transfer of the assets and liabilities 
     of such System institution; and
       ``(ii) the transfer includes any qualified financial 
     contract, the conservator or receiver shall notify any person 
     who is a party to any such contract of such transfer by 5:00 
     p.m. (eastern time) on the business day following the date of 
     the appointment of the receiver in the case of a 
     receivership, or the business day following such transfer in 
     the case of a conservatorship.
       ``(C) Certain rights not enforceable.--
       ``(i) Receivership.--A person who is a party to a qualified 
     financial contract with a System institution may not exercise 
     any right that such person has to terminate, liquidate, or 
     net such contract under paragraph (8)(B) of this subsection, 
     solely by reason of or incidental to the appointment of a 
     receiver for the System institution (or the insolvency or 
     financial condition of

[[Page H9879]]

     the System institution for which the receiver has been 
     appointed)--

       ``(I) until 5:00 p.m. (eastern time) on the business day 
     following the date of the appointment of the receiver; or
       ``(II) after the person has received notice that the 
     contract has been transferred pursuant to paragraph (9)(B).

       ``(ii) Conservatorship.--A person who is a party to a 
     qualified financial contract with a System institution may 
     not exercise any right that such person has to terminate, 
     liquidate, or net such contract under paragraph (8)(E) of 
     this subsection, solely by reason of or incidental to the 
     appointment of a conservator for the System institution (or 
     the insolvency or financial condition of the System 
     institution for which the conservator has been appointed).
       ``(iii) Notice.--For purposes of this paragraph, the 
     Corporation as receiver or conservator of a System 
     institution shall be deemed to have notified a person who is 
     a party to a qualified financial contract with such System 
     institution if the Corporation has taken steps reasonably 
     calculated to provide notice to such person by the time 
     specified in subparagraph (B).
       ``(D) Treatment of bridge system institutions.--The 
     following System institutions shall not be considered to be a 
     financial institution for which a conservator, receiver, 
     trustee in bankruptcy, or other legal custodian has been 
     appointed or which is otherwise the subject of a bankruptcy 
     or insolvency proceeding for purposes of paragraph (9):
       ``(i) A bridge System bank.
       ``(ii) A System institution organized by the Corporation or 
     the Farm Credit Administration, for which a conservator is 
     appointed either--

       ``(I) immediately upon the organization of the System 
     institution; or
       ``(II) at the time of a purchase and assumption transaction 
     between the System institution and the Corporation as 
     receiver for a System institution in default.

       ``(11) Disaffirmance or repudiation of qualified financial 
     contracts.--In exercising the rights of disaffirmance or 
     repudiation of a conservator or receiver with respect to any 
     qualified financial contract to which a System institution is 
     a party, the conservator or receiver for such System 
     institution shall either--
       ``(A) disaffirm or repudiate all qualified financial 
     contracts between--
       ``(i) any person or any affiliate of such person; and
       ``(ii) the System institution in default; or
       ``(B) disaffirm or repudiate none of the qualified 
     financial contracts referred to in subparagraph (A) (with 
     respect to such person or any affiliate of such person).
       ``(12) Certain security interests not avoidable.--No 
     provision of this subsection shall be construed as permitting 
     the avoidance of any legally enforceable or perfected 
     security interest in any of the assets of any System 
     institution except where such an interest is taken in 
     contemplation of the System institution's insolvency or with 
     the intent to hinder, delay, or defraud the System 
     institution or the creditors of such System institution.
       ``(13) Authority to enforce contracts.--
       ``(A) In general.--The conservator or receiver may enforce 
     any contract, other than a director's or officer's liability 
     insurance contract or a System institution bond, entered into 
     by the System institution notwithstanding any provision of 
     the contract providing for termination, default, 
     acceleration, or exercise of rights upon, or solely by reason 
     of, insolvency or the appointment of or the exercise of 
     rights or powers by a conservator or receiver.
       ``(B) Certain rights not affected.--No provision of this 
     paragraph may be construed as impairing or affecting any 
     right of the conservator or receiver to enforce or recover 
     under a director's or officer's liability insurance contract 
     or institution bond under other applicable law.
       ``(C) Consent requirement.--
       ``(i) In general.--Except as otherwise provided by this 
     section, no person may exercise any right or power to 
     terminate, accelerate, or declare a default under any 
     contract to which the System institution is a party, or to 
     obtain possession of or exercise control over any property of 
     the System institution or affect any contractual rights of 
     the System institution, without the consent of the 
     conservator or receiver, as appropriate, during the 45-day 
     period beginning on the date of the appointment of the 
     conservator, or during the 90-day period beginning on the 
     date of the appointment of the receiver, as applicable.
       ``(ii) Certain exceptions.--No provision of this 
     subparagraph shall apply to a director or officer liability 
     insurance contract or an institution bond, to the rights of 
     parties to certain qualified financial contracts pursuant to 
     paragraph (8), or shall be construed as permitting the 
     conservator or receiver to fail to comply with otherwise 
     enforceable provisions of such contract.
       ``(14) Exception for federal reserve and the united states 
     treasury.--No provision of this subsection shall apply with 
     respect to--
       ``(A) any extension of credit from any Federal Reserve bank 
     or the United States Treasury to any System institution; or
       ``(B) any security interest in the assets of the System 
     institution securing any such extension of credit.
       ``(15) Savings clause.--The meanings of terms used in this 
     subsection--
       ``(A) are applicable for purposes of this subsection only; 
     and
       ``(B) shall not be construed or applied so as to challenge 
     or affect the characterization, definition, or treatment of 
     any similar terms under any other law, regulation, or rule, 
     including--
       ``(i) the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (12 U.S.C. 1811 note; 
     Public Law 106-102);
       ``(ii) the Legal Certainty for Bank Products Act of 2000 (7 
     U.S.C. 27 et seq.);
       ``(iii) the securities laws (as that term is defined in 
     section 3(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 
     U.S.C. 78c(a))); and
       ``(iv) the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).
       ``(d) Valuation of Claims in Default.--
       ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     Federal law or the law of any State and regardless of the 
     method which the Corporation determines to utilize with 
     respect to a System institution in default or in danger of 
     default, including transactions authorized under subsection 
     (h) and section 5.61(a), this subsection shall govern the 
     rights of the creditors of such System institution.
       ``(2) Maximum liability.--The maximum liability of the 
     Corporation, acting as receiver or in any other capacity, to 
     any person having a claim against the receiver or the System 
     institution for which such receiver is appointed shall equal 
     the amount such claimant would have received if the 
     Corporation had liquidated the assets and liabilities of such 
     System institution without exercising the Corporation's 
     authority under subsection (h) or section 5.61(a).
       ``(3) Additional payments authorized.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Corporation may, in its discretion 
     and in the interests of minimizing its losses, use its own 
     resources to make additional payments or credit additional 
     amounts to or with respect to or for the account of any 
     claimant or category of claimants. Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of Federal or State law, or the constitution of any 
     State, the Corporation shall not be obligated, as a result of 
     having made any such payment or credited any such amount to 
     or with respect to or for the account of any claimant or 
     category of claimants, to make payments to any other claimant 
     or category of claimants.
       ``(B) Manner of payment.--The Corporation may make the 
     payments or credit the amounts specified in subparagraph (A) 
     directly to the claimants or may make such payments or credit 
     such amounts to an open System institution to induce such 
     System institution to accept liability for such claims.
       ``(e) Limitation on Court Action.--Except as provided in 
     this section, no court may take any action, except at the 
     written request of the Board of Directors, to restrain or 
     affect the exercise of powers or functions of the Corporation 
     as a conservator or a receiver.
       ``(f) Liability of Directors and Officers.--
       ``(1) In general.--A director or officer of a System 
     institution may be held personally liable for monetary 
     damages in any civil action--
       ``(A) brought by, on behalf of, or at the request or 
     direction of the Corporation;
       ``(B) prosecuted wholly or partially for the benefit of the 
     Corporation--
       ``(i) acting as conservator or receiver of that System 
     institution;
       ``(ii) acting based on a suit, claim, or cause of action 
     purchased from, assigned by, or otherwise conveyed by that 
     receiver or conservator; or
       ``(iii) acting based on a suit, claim, or cause of action 
     purchased from, assigned by, or otherwise conveyed in whole 
     or in part by a System institution or an affiliate of a 
     System institution in connection with assistance provided 
     under section 5.61(a); and
       ``(C) for, as determined under the applicable State law--
       ``(i) gross negligence; or
       ``(ii) any similar conduct, including conduct that 
     demonstrates a greater disregard of a duty of care than gross 
     negligence, such as intentional tortious conduct.
       ``(2) Effect.--Nothing in paragraph (1) impairs or affects 
     any right of the Corporation under any other applicable law.
       ``(g) Damages.--In any proceeding related to any claim 
     against a System institution's director, officer, employee, 
     agent, attorney, accountant, appraiser, or any other party 
     employed by or providing services to a System institution, 
     recoverable damages determined to result from the improvident 
     or otherwise improper use or investment of any System 
     institution's assets shall include principal losses and 
     appropriate interest.
       ``(h) Bridge Farm Credit System Banks.--
       ``(1) Organization.--
       ``(A) Purpose.--
       ``(i) In general.--When 1 or more System banks are in 
     default, or when the Corporation anticipates that 1 or more 
     System banks may become in default, the Corporation may, in 
     its discretion, organize, and the Farm Credit Administration 
     may, in its discretion, charter, 1 or more System banks, with 
     the powers and attributes of System banks, subject to the 
     provisions of this subsection, to be referred to as `bridge 
     System banks'.
       ``(ii) Intent of congress.--It is the intent of the 
     Congress that, in order to prevent unnecessary hardship or 
     losses to the customers of any System bank in default with 
     respect to which a bridge System bank is chartered, the 
     Corporation should--

       ``(I) continue to honor commitments made by the System bank 
     in default to creditworthy customers; and
       ``(II) not interrupt or terminate adequately secured loans 
     which are transferred under this subsection and are being 
     repaid by the debtor in accordance with the terms of the loan 
     instrument.

       ``(B) Authorities.--Once chartered by the Farm Credit 
     Administration, the bridge System bank may--
       ``(i) assume such liabilities of the System bank or banks 
     in default or in danger of default as the Corporation may, in 
     its discretion, determine to be appropriate;
       ``(ii) purchase such assets of the System bank or banks in 
     default or in danger of default as the Corporation may, in 
     its discretion, determine to be appropriate; and
       ``(iii) perform any other temporary function which the 
     Corporation may, in its discretion, prescribe in accordance 
     with this Act.

[[Page H9880]]

       ``(C) Articles of association.--The articles of association 
     and organization certificate of a bridge System bank as 
     approved by the Corporation shall be executed by 3 
     representatives designated by the Corporation.
       ``(D) Interim directors.--A bridge System bank shall have 
     an interim board of directors consisting of not fewer than 5 
     nor more than 10 members appointed by the Corporation.
       ``(2) Chartering.--
       ``(A) Conditions.--The Farm Credit Administration may 
     charter a bridge System bank only if the Board of Directors 
     determines that--
       ``(i) the amount which is reasonably necessary to operate 
     such bridge System bank will not exceed the amount which is 
     reasonably necessary to save the cost of liquidating 1 or 
     more System banks in default or in danger of default with 
     respect to which the bridge System bank is chartered;
       ``(ii) the continued operation of such System bank or banks 
     in default or in danger of default with respect to which the 
     bridge System bank is chartered is essential to provide 
     adequate farm credit services in the 1 or more communities 
     where each such System bank in default or in danger of 
     default is or was providing those farm credit services; or
       ``(iii) the continued operation of such System bank or 
     banks in default or in danger of default with respect to 
     which the bridge System bank is chartered is in the best 
     interest of the Farm Credit System or the public.
       ``(B) Bridge system bank treated as being in default for 
     certain purposes.--A bridge System bank shall be treated as 
     being in default at such times and for such purposes as the 
     Corporation may, in its discretion, determine.
       ``(C) Management.--A bridge System bank, upon the granting 
     of its charter, shall be under the management of a board of 
     directors consisting of not fewer than 5 nor more than 10 
     members appointed by the Corporation, in consultation with 
     the Farm Credit Administration.
       ``(D) Bylaws.--The board of directors of a bridge System 
     bank shall adopt such bylaws as may be approved by the 
     Corporation.
       ``(3) Transfer of assets and liabilities.--
       ``(A) Transfer upon grant of charter.--Upon the granting of 
     a charter to a bridge System bank pursuant to this 
     subsection, the Corporation, as receiver, may transfer any 
     assets and liabilities of the System bank to the bridge 
     System bank in accordance with paragraph (1).
       ``(B) Subsequent transfers.--At any time after a charter is 
     granted to a bridge System bank, the Corporation, as 
     receiver, may transfer any assets and liabilities of such 
     System bank in default as the Corporation may, in its 
     discretion, determine to be appropriate in accordance with 
     paragraph (1).
       ``(C) Effective without approval.--The transfer of any 
     assets or liabilities of a System bank in default or danger 
     of default transferred to a bridge System bank shall be 
     effective without any further approval under Federal or State 
     law, assignment, or consent with respect thereto.
       ``(4) Powers of bridge system banks.--Each bridge System 
     bank chartered under this subsection shall, to the extent 
     described in the charter of the System bank in default with 
     respect to which the bridge System bank is chartered, have 
     all corporate powers of, and be subject to the same 
     provisions of law as, any System bank, except that--
       ``(A) the Corporation may--
       ``(i) remove the interim directors and directors of a 
     bridge System bank;
       ``(ii) fix the compensation of members of the interim board 
     of directors and the board of directors and senior 
     management, as determined by the Corporation in its 
     discretion, of a bridge System bank; and
       ``(iii) waive any requirement established under Federal or 
     State law which would otherwise be applicable with respect to 
     directors of a bridge System bank, on the condition that the 
     waiver of any requirement established by the Farm Credit 
     Administration shall require the concurrence of the Farm 
     Credit Administration;
       ``(B) the Corporation may indemnify the representatives for 
     purposes of paragraph (1)(B) and the interim directors, 
     directors, officers, employees, and agents of a bridge System 
     bank on such terms as the Corporation determines to be 
     appropriate;
       ``(C) no requirement under any provision of law relating to 
     the capital of a System institution shall apply with respect 
     to a bridge System bank;
       ``(D) the Farm Credit Administration Board may establish a 
     limitation on the extent to which any person may become 
     indebted to a bridge System bank without regard to the amount 
     of the bridge System bank's capital or surplus;
       ``(E)(i) the board of directors of a bridge System bank 
     shall elect a chairperson who may also serve in the position 
     of chief executive officer, except that such person shall not 
     serve either as chairperson or as chief executive officer 
     without the prior approval of the Corporation; and
       ``(ii) the board of directors of a bridge System bank may 
     appoint a chief executive officer who is not also the 
     chairperson, except that such person shall not serve as chief 
     executive officer without the prior approval of the 
     Corporation;
       ``(F) the Farm Credit Administration may waive any 
     requirement for a fidelity bond with respect to a bridge 
     System bank at the request of the Corporation;
       ``(G) any judicial action to which a bridge System bank 
     becomes a party by virtue of its acquisition of any assets or 
     assumption of any liabilities of a System bank in default 
     shall be stayed from further proceedings for a period of up 
     to 45 days at the request of the bridge System bank;
       ``(H) no agreement which tends to diminish or defeat the 
     right, title or interest of a bridge System bank in any asset 
     of a System bank in default acquired by it shall be valid 
     against the bridge System bank unless such agreement--
       ``(i) is in writing;
       ``(ii) was executed by such System bank in default and the 
     person or persons claiming an adverse interest thereunder, 
     including the obligor, contemporaneously with the acquisition 
     of the asset by such System bank in default;
       ``(iii) was approved by the board of directors of such 
     System bank in default or its loan committee, which approval 
     shall be reflected in the minutes of said board or committee; 
     and
       ``(iv) has been, continuously from the time of its 
     execution, an official record of such System bank in default;
       ``(I) notwithstanding subsection 5.61(d)(2), any agreement 
     relating to an extension of credit between a System bank, 
     Federal Reserve bank, or the United States Treasury and any 
     System institution which was executed before the extension of 
     credit by such lender to such System institution shall be 
     treated as having been executed contemporaneously with such 
     extension of credit for purposes of subparagraph (H); and
       ``(J) except with the prior approval of the Corporation and 
     the concurrence of the Farm Credit Administration, a bridge 
     System bank may not, in any transaction or series of 
     transactions, issue capital stock or be a party to any 
     merger, consolidation, disposition of substantially all of 
     the assets or liabilities of the bridge System bank, sale or 
     exchange of capital stock, or similar transaction, or change 
     its charter.
       ``(5) Capital.--
       ``(A) No capital required.--The Corporation shall not be 
     required to--
       ``(i) issue any capital stock on behalf of a bridge System 
     bank chartered under this subsection; or
       ``(ii) purchase any capital stock of a bridge System bank, 
     except that notwithstanding any other provision of Federal or 
     State law, the Corporation may purchase and retain capital 
     stock of a bridge System bank in such amounts and on such 
     terms as the Corporation, in its discretion, determines to be 
     appropriate.
       ``(B) Operating funds in lieu of capital.--Upon the 
     organization of a bridge System bank, and thereafter, as the 
     Corporation may, in its discretion, determine to be necessary 
     or advisable, the Corporation may make available to the 
     bridge System bank, upon such terms and conditions and in 
     such form and amounts as the Corporation may in its 
     discretion determine, funds for the operation of the bridge 
     System bank in lieu of capital.
       ``(C) Authority to issue capital stock.--Whenever the Farm 
     Credit Administration Board determines it is advisable to do 
     so, the Corporation shall cause capital stock of a bridge 
     System bank to be issued and offered for sale in such amounts 
     and on such terms and conditions as the Corporation may, in 
     its discretion, determine.
       ``(6) Employee status.--Representatives for purposes of 
     paragraph (1)(C), interim directors, directors, officers, 
     employees, or agents of a bridge System bank are not, solely 
     by virtue of service in any such capacity, officers or 
     employees of the United States. Any employee of the 
     Corporation, the Farm Credit Administration, or any Federal 
     instrumentality who serves at the request of the Corporation 
     as a representative for purposes of paragraph (1)(C), interim 
     director, director, officer, employee, or agent of a bridge 
     System bank shall not--
       ``(A) solely by virtue of service in any such capacity lose 
     any existing status as an officer or employee of the United 
     States for purposes of any provision of law; or
       ``(B) receive any salary or benefits for service in any 
     such capacity with respect to a bridge System bank in 
     addition to such salary or benefits as are obtained through 
     employment with the Corporation or such Federal 
     instrumentality.
       ``(7) Assistance authorized.--The Corporation may, in its 
     discretion, provide assistance under section 5.61(a) to 
     facilitate any merger or consolidation of a bridge System 
     bank in the same manner and to the same extent as such 
     assistance may be provided to a qualifying insured System 
     bank (as defined in section 5.61(a)(2)(B)) or to facilitate a 
     bridge System bank's acquisition of any assets or the 
     assumption of any liabilities of a System bank in default or 
     in danger of default.
       ``(8) Duration of bridge system banks.--Subject to 
     paragraphs (10) and (11), the status of a bridge System bank 
     as such shall terminate at the end of the 2-year period 
     following the date it was granted a charter. The Farm Credit 
     Administration Board may, in its discretion, extend the 
     status of the bridge System bank as such for 3 additional 1-
     year periods.
       ``(9) Termination of bridge system banks status.--The 
     status of any bridge System bank as such shall terminate upon 
     the earliest of--
       ``(A) the merger or consolidation of the bridge System bank 
     with a System institution that is not a bridge System bank, 
     on the condition that the merger or consolidation shall be 
     subject to the approval of the Farm Credit Administration;
       ``(B) at the election of the Corporation and with the 
     approval of the Farm Credit Administration, the sale of a 
     majority or all of the capital stock of the bridge System 
     bank to a System institution or another bridge System bank;
       ``(C) at the election of the Corporation, and with the 
     approval of the Farm Credit Administration, either the 
     assumption of all or substantially all of the liabilities of 
     the bridge System bank, or the acquisition of all or 
     substantially all of the assets of the bridge System bank, by 
     a System institution that is not a bridge System bank or 
     other entity as permitted under applicable law; and
       ``(D) the expiration of the period provided in paragraph 
     (8), or the earlier dissolution of the bridge System bank as 
     provided in paragraph (11).
       ``(10) Effect of termination events.--

[[Page H9881]]

       ``(A) Merger or consolidation.--A bridge System bank that 
     participates in a merger or consolidation as provided in 
     paragraph (9)(A) shall be for all purposes a System 
     institution, with all the rights, powers, and privileges 
     thereof, and such merger or consolidation shall be conducted 
     in accordance with, and shall have the effect provided in, 
     the provisions of applicable law.
       ``(B) Charter conversion.--Following the sale of a majority 
     or all of the capital stock of the bridge System bank as 
     provided in paragraph (9)(B), the Farm Credit Administration 
     Board may amend the charter of the bridge System bank to 
     reflect the termination of the status of the bridge System 
     bank as such, whereupon the System bank shall remain a System 
     bank, with all of the rights, powers, and privileges thereof, 
     subject to all laws and regulations applicable thereto.
       ``(C) Assumption of liabilities and sale of assets.--
     Following the assumption of all or substantially all of the 
     liabilities of the bridge System bank, or the sale of all or 
     substantially all of the assets of the bridge System bank, as 
     provided in paragraph (9)(C), at the election of the 
     Corporation, the bridge System bank may retain its status as 
     such for the period provided in paragraph (8).
       ``(D) Amendments to charter.--Following the consummation of 
     a transaction described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of 
     paragraph (9), the charter of the resulting System 
     institution shall be amended by the Farm Credit 
     Administration to reflect the termination of bridge System 
     bank status, if appropriate.
       ``(11) Dissolution of bridge system bank.--
       ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     State or Federal law, if the bridge System bank's status as 
     such has not previously been terminated by the occurrence of 
     an event specified in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of 
     paragraph (9)--
       ``(i) the Corporation, after consultation with the Farm 
     Credit Administration, may, in its discretion, dissolve a 
     bridge System bank in accordance with this paragraph at any 
     time; and
       ``(ii) the Corporation, after consultation with the Farm 
     Credit Administration, shall promptly commence dissolution 
     proceedings in accordance with this paragraph upon the 
     expiration of the 2-year period following the date the bridge 
     System bank was chartered, or any extension thereof, as 
     provided in paragraph (8).
       ``(B) Procedures.--The Farm Credit Administration Board 
     shall appoint the Corporation as receiver for a bridge System 
     bank upon determining to dissolve the bridge System bank. The 
     Corporation as such receiver shall wind up the affairs of the 
     bridge System bank in conformity with the provisions of law 
     relating to the liquidation of closed System banks. With 
     respect to any such bridge System bank, the Corporation as 
     such receiver shall have all the rights, powers, and 
     privileges and shall perform the duties related to the 
     exercise of such rights, powers, or privileges granted by law 
     to a receiver of any insured System bank and, notwithstanding 
     any other provision of law in the exercise of such rights, 
     powers, and privileges, the Corporation shall not be subject 
     to the direction or supervision of any State agency or other 
     Federal agency.
       ``(12) Multiple bridge system banks.--The Corporation may, 
     in the Corporation's discretion, organize, and the Farm 
     Credit Administration may, in its discretion, charter, 2 or 
     more bridge System banks under this subsection to assume any 
     liabilities and purchase any assets of a single System 
     institution in default.
       ``(i) Certain Sales of Assets Prohibited.--
       ``(1) Persons who engaged in improper conduct with, or 
     caused losses to, system institutions.--The Corporation shall 
     prescribe regulations which, at a minimum, shall prohibit the 
     sale of assets of a failed System institution by the 
     Corporation to--
       ``(A) any person who--
       ``(i) has defaulted, or was a member of a partnership or an 
     officer or director of a corporation that has defaulted, on 1 
     or more obligations the aggregate amount of which exceed 
     $1,000,000, to such failed System institution;
       ``(ii) has been found to have engaged in fraudulent 
     activity in connection with any obligation referred to in 
     clause (i); and
       ``(iii) proposes to purchase any such asset in whole or in 
     part through the use of the proceeds of a loan or advance of 
     credit from the Corporation or from any System institution 
     for which the Corporation has been appointed as conservator 
     or receiver;
       ``(B) any person who participated, as an officer or 
     director of such failed System institution or of any 
     affiliate of such System institution, in a material way in 
     transactions that resulted in a substantial loss to such 
     failed System institution;
       ``(C) any person who has been removed from, or prohibited 
     from participating in the affairs of, such failed System 
     institution pursuant to any final enforcement action by the 
     Farm Credit Administration;
       ``(D) any person who has demonstrated a pattern or practice 
     of defalcation regarding obligations to such failed System 
     institution; or
       ``(E) any person who is in default on any loan or other 
     extension of credit from such failed System institution 
     which, if not paid, will cause substantial loss to the System 
     institution or the Corporation.
       ``(2) Defaulted debtors.--Except as provided in paragraph 
     (3), any person who is in default on any loan or other 
     extension of credit from the System institution, which, if 
     not paid, will cause substantial loss to the System 
     institution or the Corporation, may not purchase any asset 
     from the conservator or receiver.
       ``(3) Settlement of claims.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply 
     to the sale or transfer by the Corporation of any asset of 
     any System institution to any person if the sale or transfer 
     of the asset resolves or settles, or is part of the 
     resolution or settlement, of--
       ``(A) 1 or more claims that have been, or could have been, 
     asserted by the Corporation against the person; or
       ``(B) obligations owed by the person to any System 
     institution, or the Corporation.
       ``(4) Definition of default.--For purposes of this 
     subsection, the term `default' means a failure to comply with 
     the terms of a loan or other obligation to such an extent 
     that the property securing the obligation is foreclosed upon.
       ``(j) Expedited Procedures for Certain Claims.--
       ``(1) Time for filing notice of appeal.--The notice of 
     appeal of any order, whether interlocutory or final, entered 
     in any case brought by the Corporation against a System 
     institution's director, officer, employee, agent, attorney, 
     accountant, or appraiser or any other person employed by or 
     providing services to a System institution shall be filed not 
     later than 30 days after the date of entry of the order. The 
     hearing of the appeal shall be held not later than 120 days 
     after the date of the notice of appeal. The appeal shall be 
     decided not later than 180 days after the date of the notice 
     of appeal.
       ``(2) Scheduling.--A court of the United States shall 
     expedite the consideration of any case brought by the 
     Corporation against a System institution's director, officer, 
     employee, agent, attorney, accountant, or appraiser or any 
     other person employed by or providing services to a System 
     institution. As far as practicable the court shall give such 
     case priority on its docket.
       ``(3) Judicial discretion.--The court may modify the 
     schedule and limitations stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) in 
     a particular case, based on a specific finding that the ends 
     of justice that would be served by making such a modification 
     would outweigh the best interest of the public in having the 
     case resolved expeditiously.
       ``(k) Bond Not Required; Agents; Fee.--The Corporation as 
     conservator or receiver of a System institution shall not be 
     required to furnish bond and may appoint an agent or agents 
     to assist in its duties as such conservator or receiver. All 
     fees, compensation, and expenses of liquidation and 
     administration shall be fixed by the Corporation and may be 
     paid by it out of funds coming into its possession as such 
     conservator or receiver.
       ``(l) Consultation Regarding Conservatorships and 
     Receiverships.--To the extent practicable--
       ``(1) the Farm Credit Administration shall consult with the 
     Corporation prior to taking a preresolution action concerning 
     a System institution that may result in a conservatorship or 
     receivership; and
       ``(2) the Corporation, acting in the capacity of the 
     Corporation as a conservator or receiver, shall consult with 
     the Farm Credit Administration prior to taking any 
     significant action impacting System institutions or service 
     to System borrowers.
       ``(m) Applicability.--This section shall become applicable 
     with respect to the power of the Corporation to act as a 
     conservator or receiver on the date on which the Farm Credit 
     Administration appoints the Corporation as a conservator or 
     receiver under section 4.12 or 8.41.''.

     SEC. 5413. REPORTING.

       (a) Definition of Farm Loan.--In this section, the term 
     ``farm loan'' means--
       (1) a farm ownership loan under subtitle A of the 
     Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922 et 
     seq.); and
       (2) an operating loan under subtitle B of that Act (7 
     U.S.C. 1941 et seq.).
       (b) Reports.--
       (1) Preparation.--For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
     prepare a report that includes--
       (A) aggregate data based on a review of each outstanding 
     farm loan made or guaranteed by the Secretary describing, for 
     the United States and for each State and county in the United 
     States--
       (i) the age of the recipient producer;
       (ii) the duration that the recipient producer has engaged 
     in agricultural production;
       (iii) the size of the farm or ranch of the recipient 
     producer;
       (iv) the race, ethnicity, and gender of the recipient 
     producer;
       (v) the agricultural commodity or commodities, or type of 
     enterprise, for which the loan was secured;
       (vi) the amount of the farm loan made or guaranteed;
       (vii) the type of the farm loan made or guaranteed; and
       (viii) the default rate of the farm loan made or 
     guaranteed;
       (B) for each State and county in the United States, data 
     demonstrating the number of outstanding farm loans made or 
     guaranteed, according to loan size cohort; and
       (C) an assessment of actual loans made or guaranteed as 
     measured against target participation rates for beginning and 
     socially disadvantaged farmers, broken down by State, as 
     described in sections 346(b)(2) and 355 of the Consolidated 
     Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2), 2003).
       (2) Submission of report.--The report described in 
     paragraph (1) shall be--
       (A) submitted--
       (i) to--

       (I) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (II) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (III) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 
     of the Senate; and
       (IV) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and

       (ii) not later than December 30, 2019, and annually 
     thereafter; and

[[Page H9882]]

       (B) made publicly available not later than 90 days after 
     the date described in subparagraph (A)(ii).
       (c) Comprehensive Review.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 4 years after the date of 
     enactment of this Act (and every 5 years thereafter), the 
     Secretary shall--
       (A) prepare a comprehensive review of all reports submitted 
     under subsection (b)(2);
       (B) identify trends within data outlined in subsection 
     (b)(1), including the extent to which target annual 
     participation rates for beginning and socially disadvantaged 
     farmers (as defined by the Secretary) are being met for each 
     loan type; and
       (C) provide specific actions the Department will take to 
     improve the performance of direct and guaranteed loans with 
     respect to underserved producers and any recommendations the 
     Secretary may make for further congressional action.
       (2) Submission of comprehensive review.--The comprehensive 
     review described in paragraph (1) shall be--
       (A) submitted to--
       (i) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (ii) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (iii) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 
     of the Senate; and
       (iv) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
       (B) made publicly available not later than 90 days after 
     the date of submission under subparagraph (A).
       (d) Privacy.--In preparing any report or review under this 
     section, the Secretary shall aggregate or de-identify the 
     data in a manner sufficient to ensure that the identity of a 
     recipient producer associated with the data cannot be 
     ascertained.

     SEC. 5414. STUDY ON LOAN RISK.

       (a) Study.--The Farm Credit Administration shall conduct a 
     study that--
       (1) analyzes and compares the financial risks inherent in 
     loans made, held, securitized, or purchased by Farm Credit 
     banks, associations, and the Federal Agricultural Mortgage 
     Corporation and how such risks are required to be capitalized 
     under statute and regulations in effect as of the date of the 
     enactment of this Act; and
       (2) assesses the feasibility of increasing the acreage 
     exception provided in section 8.8(c)(2) of the Farm Credit 
     Act of 1971 to 2,000 acres.
       (b) Timeline.--The Farm Credit Administration shall provide 
     the results of the study required by subsection (a) to the 
     Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
     the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
     Senate no later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act.

     SEC. 5415. GAO REPORT ON ABILITY OF THE FARM CREDIT SYSTEM TO 
                   MEET THE AGRICULTURAL CREDIT NEEDS OF INDIAN 
                   TRIBES AND THEIR MEMBERS.

       (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall--
       (1) study the agricultural credit needs of farms, ranches, 
     and related agricultural businesses that are owned or 
     operated by--
       (A) Indian tribes on tribal lands; or
       (B) enrolled members of Indian tribes on Indian allotments; 
     and
       (2) determine whether the institutions of the Farm Credit 
     System have sufficient authority and resources to meet the 
     needs.
       (b) Definition of Indian Tribe.--In subsection (a), the 
     term ``Indian tribe'' means an Indian tribal entity that is 
     eligible for funding and services from the Bureau of Indian 
     Affairs by virtue of the status of the entity as an Indian 
     tribe.
       (c) Report to the Congress.--Within 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall prepare and submit to the Committees on 
     Agriculture and on Natural Resources of the House of 
     Representatives a written report that contains the findings 
     of the study conducted under subsection (a). If the 
     Comptroller General finds that the institutions of the Farm 
     Credit System do not have sufficient authority or resources 
     to meet the needs referred to in subsection (a), the report 
     shall include such legislative and other recommendations as 
     the Comptroller General determines would result in a system 
     under which the needs are met in an equitable and effective 
     manner.

     SEC. 5416. GAO REPORT ON CREDIT SERVICE TO SOCIALLY 
                   DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Agricultural credit provider.--The term ``agricultural 
     credit provider'' means--
       (A) a Farm Credit System institution;
       (B) a commercial bank;
       (C) the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation;
       (D) a life insurance company; and
       (E) any other individual or entity, as determined by the 
     Comptroller General of the United States.
       (2) Socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher.--The term 
     ``socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher'' has the meaning 
     given the term in section 355(e) of the Consolidated Farm and 
     Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2003(e)).
       (b) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall--
       (1) conduct a study--
       (A) to assess the credit and related services provided by 
     agricultural credit providers to socially disadvantaged 
     farmers and ranchers;
       (B) to review the overall participation of socially 
     disadvantaged farmers and ranchers in the services described 
     in subparagraph (A); and
       (C) to identify barriers that limit the availability of 
     agricultural credit to socially disadvantaged farmers and 
     ranchers; and
       (2) provide recommendations on how agricultural credit 
     providers may improve outreach to socially disadvantaged 
     farmers and ranchers relating to the availability of credit 
     and related services.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall prepare and submit to the Committee on 
     Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
     on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
     report that contains the findings of the study conducted 
     under subsection (b)(1) and the recommendations described in 
     subsection (b)(2).

                      TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

         Subtitle A--Improving Health Outcomes in Rural America

     SEC. 6101. COMBATING SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER IN RURAL AMERICA; 
                   PRIORITIZATIONS.

       (a) Combating Substance Use Disorder in Rural America.--
       (1) Prioritizations.--The Secretary shall make the 
     following prioritizations and set asides for fiscal years 
     2019 through 2025:
       (A) Distance learning and telemedicine.--
       (i) Substance use disorder set-aside.--Subject to clause 
     (ii), the Secretary shall make available not less than 20 
     percent of amounts made available under section 2335A of the 
     Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
     U.S.C. 950aaa-2) for financial assistance under chapter 1 of 
     subtitle D of title XXIII of such Act for telemedicine 
     projects that provide substance use disorder treatment 
     services.
       (ii) Exception.--In the case of a fiscal year for which the 
     Secretary determines that there are not sufficient qualified 
     applicants to receive financial assistance for projects 
     providing substance use disorder treatment services to reach 
     the 20-percent requirement under clause (i), the Secretary 
     may make available less than 20 percent of amounts made 
     available under such section 2335A for those services.
       (B) Community facilities direct loans and grants.--
       (i) Substance use disorder selection priority.--In 
     selecting recipients of direct loans or grants for the 
     development of essential community facilities under section 
     306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
     U.S.C. 1926(a)), the Secretary shall give priority to 
     entities eligible for those direct loans or grants--

       (I) to develop facilities to provide substance use disorder 
     (including opioid substance use disorder)--

       (aa) prevention services;
       (bb) treatment services;
       (cc) recovery services; or
       (dd) any combination of those services; and

       (II) that employ staff that have appropriate expertise and 
     training in how to identify and treat individuals with 
     substance use disorders.

       (ii) Use of funds.--An eligible entity described in clause 
     (i) that receives a direct loan or grant described in that 
     clause may use the direct loan or grant funds for the 
     development of telehealth facilities and systems to provide 
     telehealth services for substance use disorder treatment.
       (C) Rural health and safety education programs; substance 
     use disorder selection priority.--In making grants under 
     section 502(i) of the Rural Development Act of 1972 (7 U.S.C. 
     2662(i)), the Secretary shall give priority to an applicant 
     that will use the grant for substance use disorder education 
     and treatment and the prevention of substance use disorder.
       (2) Limitation on other reprioritizations.--For fiscal 
     years 2019 through 2025, the Secretary shall not make any 
     national reprioritizations within the Rural Health and Safety 
     Education Programs, the Community Facilities direct loan and 
     grant programs, or the Distance Learning and Telemedicine 
     programs under section 608 of the Rural Development Act of 
     1972.
       (3) Technical amendments.--Title V of the Rural Development 
     Act of 1972 (7 U.S.C. 2661 et seq.) is amended--
       (A) in section 502, in the matter preceding subsection (a), 
     by inserting ``(referred to in this title as the 
     `Secretary')'' after ``Agriculture''; and
       (B) by striking ``Secretary of Agriculture'' each place it 
     appears (other than in section 502 in the matter preceding 
     subsection (a)) and inserting ``Secretary''.
       (b) Temporary Prioritization of Rural Health Assistance.--
     Title VI of the Rural Development Act of 1972 (7 U.S.C. 
     2204a-2204b) is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 608. TEMPORARY PRIORITIZATION OF RURAL HEALTH 
                   ASSISTANCE.

       ``(a) Authority to Temporarily Prioritize Certain Rural 
     Development Applications.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of law, the Secretary, after consultation with such 
     public health officials as may be necessary, may announce 
     through a Federal Register notice pursuant to section 
     553(b)(3)(B) of title 5, United States Code, a temporary 
     reprioritization, on a national or multistate basis, for 
     certain rural development loan and grant applications to 
     assist rural communities in responding to a significant 
     public health disruption.
       ``(b) Public Health Disruption.--For the purposes of this 
     section, the term `public health disruption' means an 
     unanticipated increase in mortality or morbidity in rural 
     communities, when compared to non-rural communities, caused 
     by identifiable events, actions, or behavioral trends, which 
     can be remediated by the programs of the Rural Development 
     mission area. When measuring a public health disruption, the 
     Secretary may analyze data on a national or multi-state 
     basis.
       ``(c) Content of Announcement.--In the announcement, the 
     Secretary shall--
       ``(1) describe the nature of the public health disruption, 
     including the causes, effects, affected populations, and 
     affected States;
       ``(2) explain how the programs of the Department of 
     Agriculture will work in remedying the public health 
     disruption;

[[Page H9883]]

       ``(3) identify the services, treatments, or infrastructure 
     best suited to address the public health disruption;
       ``(4) establish--
       ``(A) the start and end dates of the reprioritization;
       ``(B) the programs subject to reprioritization and the 
     modifications to the application process;
       ``(C) the process for making reprioritizations for 
     applicable programs;
       ``(D) the amount of funds set-aside for applicable 
     programs, except that a set-aside for such a program shall 
     not be greater than 20 percent of the amounts appropriated 
     for the program for the fiscal year involved; and
       ``(E) the region in which the reprioritization is in 
     effect; and
       ``(5) instruct program administrators to implement the 
     reprioritization during the application window or 
     announcement after the announcement takes effect.
       ``(d) Limitations on Reprioritizations.--When announcing 
     the reprioritization, the Secretary shall--
       ``(1) establish an initial total time period of less than 4 
     years, except as provided for in subsection (e);
       ``(2) implement only 1 nationally applicable 
     reprioritization at a time;
       ``(3) implement only 1 regionally applicable 
     reprioritization per State at a time; and
       ``(4) not use reprioritizations to allocate additional 
     funds to an affected State.
       ``(e) Extension.--The Secretary may extend an announcement 
     under subsection (a) for no more than 6 years in total, 
     except that nothing shall prevent the Secretary from renewing 
     reprioritizations by making a new announcement under 
     subsection (a).
       ``(f) Rescinding the Announcement.--The Secretary may 
     rescind a reprioritization announcement made under subsection 
     (a) at any time the Secretary determines that the temporary 
     reprioritizations are no longer needed or effective.
       ``(g) Notice.--Not later than 48 hours after making, 
     extending, or rescinding an announcement under this section, 
     the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of 
     the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
     Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, and 
     transmit to the Secretary of Health and Human Services, a 
     written notice of the declaration, extension, or 
     rescission.''.

     SEC. 6102. DISTANCE LEARNING AND TELEMEDICINE.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 2335A of the 
     Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
     U.S.C. 950aaa-5) is amended by striking ``$75,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
     ``$82,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of Public Law 102-
     551 (7 U.S.C. 950aaa note) is amended by striking ``2018'' 
     and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 6103. REFINANCING OF CERTAIN RURAL HOSPITAL DEBT.

       Subtitle D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 1981 et seq.) is amended by inserting after 
     section 341 the following:

     ``SEC. 342. REFINANCING OF CERTAIN RURAL HOSPITAL DEBT.

       ``Assistance under section 306(a) for a community facility, 
     or under section 310B, may include the refinancing of a debt 
     obligation of a rural hospital as an eligible loan or loan 
     guarantee purpose if the assistance would help preserve 
     access to a health service in a rural community, meaningfully 
     improve the financial position of the hospital, and otherwise 
     meet the financial feasibility and adequacy of security 
     requirements of the Rural Development Agency.''.

     Subtitle B--Connecting Rural Americans to High Speed Broadband

     SEC. 6201. ACCESS TO BROADBAND TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES IN 
                   RURAL AREAS.

       Section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
     U.S.C. 950bb) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``provide loans and loan 
     guarantees'' and inserting ``provide grants, provide loans, 
     and provide loan guarantees'';
       (2) in subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii), by inserting ``in the case 
     of a grant or direct loan,'' before ``a city'';
       (3) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Loans and'' 
     and inserting ``Grants, Loans, and'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``shall make or guarantee 
     loans'' and inserting ``shall make grants, shall make loans, 
     and shall guarantee loans'';
       (C) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
       ``(2) Priority.--
       ``(A) In general.--In making grants, making loans, and 
     guaranteeing loans under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
       ``(i) give the highest priority to applications for 
     projects to provide broadband service to unserved rural 
     communities that do not have any residential broadband 
     service of at least--

       ``(I) a 10-Mbps downstream transmission capacity; and
       ``(II) a 1-Mbps upstream transmission capacity;

       ``(ii) give priority to applications for projects to 
     provide the maximum level of broadband service to the 
     greatest proportion of rural households in the proposed 
     service area identified in the application;
       ``(iii) provide equal consideration to all eligible 
     entities, including those that have not previously received 
     grants, loans, or loan guarantees under paragraph (1); and
       ``(iv) with respect to 2 or more applications that are 
     given the same priority under clause (i), give priority to an 
     application that requests less grant funding than loan 
     funding.
       ``(B) Other.--After giving priority to the applications 
     described in clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A), the 
     Secretary shall then give priority to applications--
       ``(i) for projects to provide broadband service to rural 
     communities--

       ``(I) with a population of less than 10,000 permanent 
     residents;
       ``(II) that are experiencing outmigration and have adopted 
     a strategic community investment plan under section 379H(d) 
     that includes considerations for improving and expanding 
     broadband service;
       ``(III) with a high percentage of low income families or 
     persons (as defined in section 501(b) of the Housing Act of 
     1949 (42 U.S.C. 1471(b));
       ``(IV) that are isolated from other significant population 
     centers; or
       ``(V) that provide rapid and expanded deployment of fixed 
     and mobile broadband on cropland and ranchland within a 
     service territory for use in various applications of 
     precision agriculture; and

       ``(ii) that were developed with the participation of, and 
     will receive a substantial portion of the funding for the 
     project from, 2 or more stakeholders, including--

       ``(I) State, local, and tribal governments;
       ``(II) nonprofit institutions;
       ``(III) community anchor institutions, such as--

       ``(aa) public libraries;
       ``(bb) elementary schools and secondary schools (as defined 
     in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
     of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801));
       ``(cc) institutions of higher education; and
       ``(dd) health care facilities;

       ``(IV) private entities;
       ``(V) philanthropic organizations; and
       ``(VI) cooperatives.

       ``(3) Grant amounts.--
       ``(A) Definition of development costs.--In this paragraph, 
     the term `development costs' means costs of--
       ``(i) construction, including labor and materials;
       ``(ii) project applications; and
       ``(iii) other development activities, as determined by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(B) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a grant under this 
     section, in addition to the requirements of subsection (d), 
     the project that is the subject of the grant shall--
       ``(i) be carried out in a proposed service territory in 
     which not less than 90 percent of the households are 
     unserved; and
       ``(ii) not concurrently receive any other broadband grant 
     administered by the Rural Utilities Service.
       ``(C) Maximum.--Except as provided in subparagraph (D), the 
     amount of any grant made under this section shall not 
     exceed--
       ``(i) 75 percent of the total project cost with respect to 
     an area with a density of fewer than 7 people per square 
     mile;
       ``(ii) 50 percent of the total project cost with respect to 
     an area with a density of 7 or more and fewer than 12 people 
     per square mile; and
       ``(iii) 25 percent of the total project cost with respect 
     to an area with a density of 12 or more and 20 or fewer 
     people per square mile.
       ``(D) Secretarial authority to adjust.--The Secretary may--
       ``(i) make grants of up to 75 percent of the development 
     costs of the project for which the grant is provided to an 
     eligible entity if the Secretary determines that the project 
     serves--

       ``(I) an area of rural households described in paragraph 
     (2)(A)(i); or
       ``(II) a rural community described in any of subclauses (I) 
     through (IV) of paragraph (2)(B)(i); and

       ``(ii) make modifications of the density thresholds 
     described in subparagraph (C), in order to ensure that funds 
     provided under this section are best utilized to provide 
     broadband service in communities that are the most rural in 
     character.
       ``(E) Applications.--The Secretary shall establish an 
     application process for grants under this section that--
       ``(i) permits a single application for a grant and a loan 
     under title I, II, or this title that is associated with such 
     grant; and
       ``(ii) provides a single decision to award such grant and 
     such loan.
       ``(F) Density determinations.--When determining population 
     density under this section, the Secretary shall prescribe a 
     calculation method which--
       ``(i) utilizes publicly available data; and
       ``(ii) includes only those areas in which the applicant is 
     able to meet the service requirements under this section, as 
     determined by the Secretary.
       ``(4) Fees.--In the case of loan guarantees issued or 
     modified under this section, the Secretary shall charge and 
     collect from the lender fees in such amounts as to bring down 
     the costs of subsidies for guaranteed loans, except that such 
     fees shall not act as a bar to participation in the programs 
     nor be inconsistent with current practices in the 
     marketplace.'';
       (4) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking ``loan 
     or'' and inserting ``grant, loan, or'';
       (II) by striking clause (i) and inserting the following:

       ``(i) demonstrate the ability to furnish or improve service 
     in order to meet the broadband buildout requirements 
     established under subsection (e)(4) in all or part of an 
     unserved or underserved rural area;''.

       (III) in clause (ii), by striking ``a loan application'' 
     and inserting ``an application''; and

[[Page H9884]]

       (IV) in clause (iii)--

       (aa) by striking ``service'' and inserting 
     ``infrastructure'';
       (bb) by striking ``loan'' the first place it appears;
       (cc) by striking ``3'' and inserting ``5''; and
       (dd) by striking ``proceeds from the loan made or 
     guaranteed under this section are'' and inserting 
     ``assistance under this section is''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(k)'' and inserting 
     ``(j)''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)(A)--
       (i) in the matter preceding clause (i)--

       (I) by striking ``the proceeds of a loan made or 
     guaranteed'' and inserting ``assistance''; and
       (II) by striking ``for the loan or loan guarantee'' and 
     inserting ``of the eligible entity''; and

       (ii) in clause (i)--

       (I) by striking ``15 percent'' and inserting ``50 percent 
     (in the case of loans or loan guarantees provided in 
     accordance with subsection (g)(1)(A))''; and
       (II) by striking ``level of broadband service'' and 
     inserting ``level of fixed broadband service, whether 
     terrestrial or wireless,'';

       (C) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``loan or'' and 
     inserting ``grant, loan, or'';
       (D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``a loan or loan 
     guarantee'' and inserting ``assistance''; and
       (E) by striking paragraphs (5) through (10) and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(5) Technical assistance and training.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may provide to eligible 
     entities described in paragraph (1) that are applying for 
     assistance under this section for a project described in 
     subsection (c)(2)(A)(i) technical assistance and training--
       ``(i) to prepare reports and surveys necessary to request 
     grants, loans, and loan guarantees under this section for 
     broadband deployment;
       ``(ii) to improve management, including financial 
     management, relating to the proposed broadband deployment;
       ``(iii) to prepare applications for grants, loans, and loan 
     guarantees under this section; or
       ``(iv) to assist with other areas of need identified by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(B) Funding.--Not less than 3 percent and not more than 5 
     percent of amounts appropriated to carry out this section for 
     a fiscal year shall be used for technical assistance and 
     training under this paragraph.'';
       (5) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``4-Mbps'' and 
     inserting ``25-Mbps''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``1-Mbps'' and 
     inserting ``3-Mbps'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by--

       (I) striking the following:

       ``(2) Adjustments.--
       ``(A) In general.--At''; and

       (II) inserting the following:

       ``(2) Adjustments.--At'';
       (ii) by inserting ``and broadband buildout requirements 
     under paragraph (4)'' after ``(1)''; and
       (iii) by striking subparagraph (B); and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Broadband buildout requirements.--
       ``(A) In general.--The term `broadband buildout 
     requirement' means the level of internet service an applicant 
     receiving assistance under this section must agree, at the 
     time the application is finalized, to provide for the 
     duration of any project-related agreement between the 
     applicant and the Department.
       ``(B) Broadband buildout requirements further defined.--
     Subject to subparagraph (C), the Secretary shall establish 
     broadband buildout requirements for projects with agreement 
     lengths of--
       ``(i) 5 to 10 years;
       ``(ii) 11 to 15 years;
       ``(iii) 16 to 20 years; and
       ``(iv) more than 20 years.
       ``(C) Requirements.--In establishing the broadband buildout 
     requirements under subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall--
       ``(i) utilize the same metrics used to define the minimum 
     acceptable level of broadband service under paragraph (1);
       ``(ii) establish such requirements to reasonably ensure--

       ``(I) the repayment of all loans and loan guarantees; and
       ``(II) the financed network is technically capable of 
     providing broadband service for the lifetime of any project-
     related agreement.

       ``(D) Substitute service standards for unique service 
     territories.--If an applicant shows that it would be cost 
     prohibitive to meet the broadband buildout requirements 
     established under this paragraph for the entirety of a 
     proposed service territory due to the unique characteristics 
     of the proposed service territory, the Secretary and the 
     applicant may agree to utilize substitute standards for any 
     unserved portion of the project. Any substitute service 
     standards should continue to consider the best technology 
     available to meet the needs of the residents in the unserved 
     area.'';
       (6) in subsection (f), by striking ``make a loan or loan 
     guarantee'' and inserting ``provide assistance'';
       (7) in subsection (g), by striking paragraph (2) and 
     redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
       (8) by striking subsections (i) and (j) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(i) Payment Assistance for Certain Loan and Grant 
     Recipients.--
       ``(1) Use of grant funds.--The Secretary may use the funds 
     appropriated for a grant under this title for the cost (as 
     defined by section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
     1974) of providing assistance under paragraph (2).
       ``(2) Payment assistance.--When providing a grant under 
     this title, the Secretary, at the sole discretion of the 
     Secretary, may make--
       ``(A) a subsidized loan, which shall bear a reduced 
     interest rate at such a rate as the Secretary determines 
     appropriate to meet the objectives of the program; or
       ``(B) a payment assistance loan, which shall--
       ``(i) require no interest and principal payments while the 
     borrower is--

       ``(I) in material compliance with the loan agreement; and
       ``(II) meeting the milestones and objectives of the project 
     agreed to under paragraph (3); and

       ``(ii) require such nominal periodic payments as the 
     Secretary determines to be appropriate.
       ``(3) Agreement on milestones and objectives.--With respect 
     to payment assistance provided under paragraph (2), before 
     entering into the agreement under which the payment 
     assistance will be provided, the applicant and the Secretary 
     shall agree to milestones and objectives of the project.
       ``(4) Amendment of milestones and objectives.--The 
     Secretary and the applicant may jointly agree to amend the 
     milestones and objectives agreed to under paragraph (3).
       ``(5) Considerations.--When deciding to utilize the payment 
     assistance authority under paragraph (2) the Secretary shall 
     consider whether or not the payment assistance will--
       ``(A) improve the compliance of the grantee with any 
     commitments made through the grant agreement;
       ``(B) promote the completion of the broadband project;
       ``(C) protect taxpayer resources; and
       ``(D) support the integrity of the broadband programs 
     administered by the Secretary.
       ``(6) Limitations on payment assistance.--The Secretary may 
     not make a payment assistance loan under paragraph (2)(B) to 
     an entity receiving a grant under this section that is also 
     the recipient of a loan under title I or II that is 
     associated with such grant.'';
       (9) in subsection (k)(1)--
       (A) by striking ``$25,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$350,000,000''; and
       (B) by striking ``2008 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 
     through 2023'';
       (10) in subsection (l)--
       (A) by striking ``loan or'' and inserting ``grant, or loan, 
     or''; and
       (B) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
       (11) by redesignating subsections (k) and (l) as 
     subsections (j) and (k), respectively.

     SEC. 6202. EXPANSION OF MIDDLE MILE INFRASTRUCTURE INTO RURAL 
                   AREAS.

       Section 602 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
     U.S.C. 950bb-1) is amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 602. EXPANSION OF MIDDLE MILE INFRASTRUCTURE INTO 
                   RURAL AREAS.

       ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to encourage 
     the expansion and extension of middle mile broadband 
     infrastructure to connect underserved rural areas to the 
     backbone of the Internet.
       ``(b) Middle Mile Infrastructure.--For the purposes of this 
     section, the term `middle mile infrastructure' means any 
     broadband infrastructure that does not connect directly to 
     end-user locations (including anchor institutions) and may 
     include interoffice transport, backhaul, Internet 
     connectivity, data centers, or special access transport to 
     rural areas.
       ``(c) Grants, Loans, and Loan Guarantees.--The Secretary 
     shall make grants, loans, and loan guarantees to eligible 
     applicants described in subsection (d) to provide funds for 
     the construction, improvement, or acquisition of middle mile 
     infrastructure to serve rural areas.
       ``(d) Eligibility.--
       ``(1) Eligible applicants.--
       ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to obtain assistance 
     under this section, an eligible entity shall--
       ``(i) submit to the Secretary an application at such time, 
     in such manner, and containing such information as the 
     Secretary may require;
       ``(ii) agree to complete build-out of the middle mile 
     infrastructure described in the application by not later than 
     5 years after the initial date on which proceeds from the 
     assistance provided under this section are made available; 
     and
       ``(iii) submit to the Secretary a plan to ensure the 
     viability of the project by--

       ``(I) connecting, assisting with connecting, or enabling 
     the connection of retail broadband systems that serve rural 
     areas within the proposed service territory to the middle 
     mile infrastructure project in an affordable and economically 
     competitive manner;
       ``(II) leasing or selling sufficient capacity prior to 
     project approval; and
       ``(III) complying with any other requirements imposed by 
     the Secretary.

       ``(B) Additional end user broadband programs.--Entities 
     that receive assistance to construct, improve, or acquire 
     middle mile infrastructure under this section shall be 
     eligible to apply for additional funds under this title to 
     provide for retail broadband service to end users.
       ``(2) Eligible service territories.--The proceeds of 
     assistance provided under this section may be used to carry 
     out a project in a proposed service territory only if, as of 
     the date the application for assistance under this section is 
     submitted, there is not adequate middle mile infrastructure 
     available to support broadband service for eligible rural 
     communities that would be provided access to the middle mile 
     infrastructure.
       ``(3) Eligible projects.--A project shall be eligible for 
     assistance under this section if at the time of the 
     application--
       ``(A) at least 75 percent of the interconnection points 
     serve such eligible rural areas; and
       ``(B) the Secretary determines that the proposed middle 
     mile network will be capable of supporting retail broadband 
     service meeting the

[[Page H9885]]

     maximum broadband buildout requirement established under 
     section 601(e)(4) for the residents within the proposed 
     service territory.
       ``(e) Limitation on Grants.--In making grants under this 
     section, the Secretary shall--
       ``(1) not provide any grant in excess of 20 percent of the 
     total project cost; and
       ``(2) provide grants only to those projects which serve 
     rural areas where population density or geographic 
     characteristics make it infeasible to construct middle mile 
     broadband systems without grant assistance.
       ``(f) Terms, Conditions, and Adequacy of Security.--All 
     loans and loan guarantees provided under this section shall 
     be made subject to such terms, conditions, and adequacy of 
     security requirements as may be imposed by the Secretary. If 
     the middle mile infrastructure would not provide adequate 
     security due to long-term leasing arrangements, the Secretary 
     shall require substitute security in such form and substance 
     as are acceptable to the Secretary.
       ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2018 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 6203. MODIFICATIONS TO THE RURAL GIGABIT PROGRAM.

       Section 603 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
     U.S.C. 950bb-2) is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``rural gigabit 
     network pilot'' and inserting ``innovative broadband 
     advancement'';
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
     and inserting ``2019 through 2023'';
       (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
       (4) by striking subsections (a) through (c) and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a program 
     to be known as the `Innovative Broadband Advancement 
     Program', under which the Secretary may provide a grant, a 
     loan, or both to an eligible entity for the purpose of 
     demonstrating innovative broadband technologies or methods of 
     broadband deployment that significantly decrease the cost of 
     broadband deployment, and provide substantially faster 
     broadband speeds than are available, in a rural area.
       ``(b) Rural Area.--In this section, the term `rural area' 
     has the meaning provided in section 601(b)(3).
       ``(c) Eligibility.--To be eligible to obtain assistance 
     under this section for a project, an entity shall--
       ``(1) submit to the Secretary an application--
       ``(A) that describes a project designed to decrease the 
     cost of broadband deployment, and substantially increase 
     broadband speed to not less than the maximum broadband 
     buildout requirements established under section 601(e)(4), in 
     a rural area to be served by the project; and
       ``(B) at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
     other information as the Secretary may require;
       ``(2) demonstrate that the entity is able to carry out the 
     project; and
       ``(3) agree to complete the project build-out within 5 
     years after the date the assistance is first provided for the 
     project.
       ``(d) Prioritization.--In awarding assistance under this 
     section, the Secretary shall give priority to proposals for 
     projects that--
       ``(1) involve partnerships between or among multiple 
     entities;
       ``(2) would provide broadband service to the greatest 
     number of rural entities at or above the broadband 
     requirements referred to in subsection (c)(1)(A); and
       ``(3) the Secretary determines could be replicated in rural 
     areas described in paragraph (2).''.

     SEC. 6204. COMMUNITY CONNECT GRANT PROGRAM.

       Title VI of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
     950bb et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 604. COMMUNITY CONNECT GRANT PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Eligible broadband service.--The term `eligible 
     broadband service' means broadband service that has the 
     capability to transmit data at a speed specified by the 
     Secretary, which may not be less than the applicable minimum 
     download and upload speeds established by the Federal 
     Communications Commission in defining the term `advanced 
     telecommunications capability' for purposes of section 706 of 
     the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (47 U.S.C. 1302).
       ``(2) Eligible service area.--The term `eligible service 
     area' means an area in which broadband service capacity is 
     less than--
       ``(A) a 10-Mbps downstream transmission capacity; and
       ``(B) a 1-Mbps upstream transmission capacity.
       ``(3) Eligible entity.--
       ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible entity' means a 
     legally organized entity that--
       ``(i) is--

       ``(I) an incorporated organization;
       ``(II) an Indian Tribe or Tribal organization;
       ``(III) a State;
       ``(IV) a unit of local government; or
       ``(V) any other legal entity, including a cooperative, a 
     private corporation, or a limited liability company, that is 
     organized on a for-profit or a not-for-profit basis; and

       ``(ii) has the legal capacity and authority to enter into a 
     contract, to comply with applicable Federal laws, and to own 
     and operate broadband facilities, as proposed in the 
     application submitted by the entity for a grant under the 
     Program.
       ``(B) Exclusions.--The term `eligible entity' does not 
     include--
       ``(i) an individual; or
       ``(ii) a partnership.
       ``(4) Rural area.--The term `rural area' has the meaning 
     given the term in section 601(b)(3)(A).
       ``(b) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a 
     program, to be known as the `Community Connect Grant 
     Program', to provide grants to eligible entities to finance 
     broadband transmission in rural areas.
       ``(c) Eligible Projects.--An eligible entity that receives 
     a grant under the Program shall use the grant to carry out a 
     project that--
       ``(1) provides eligible broadband service to, within the 
     proposed eligible service area described in the application 
     submitted by the eligible entity--
       ``(A) each essential community facility as defined pursuant 
     to section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)); and
       ``(B) any required facilities necessary to offer that 
     eligible broadband service to each residential and business 
     customer within such proposed eligible service area; and
       ``(2) for not less than 2 years--
       ``(A) furnishes free eligible broadband service to a 
     community center described in subsection (d)(1)(B);
       ``(B) provides not fewer than 2 computer access points for 
     that free eligible broadband service; and
       ``(C) covers the cost of bandwidth to provide free eligible 
     broadband service to each essential community facility that 
     requests broadband services within the proposed eligible 
     service area described in the application submitted by the 
     eligible entity.
       ``(d) Uses of Grant Funds.--
       ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives a grant 
     under the Program may use the grant for--
       ``(A) the construction, acquisition, or leasing of 
     facilities (including spectrum), land, or buildings to deploy 
     eligible broadband service; and
       ``(B) the improvement, expansion, construction, or 
     acquisition of a community center within the proposed 
     eligible service area described in the application submitted 
     by the eligible entity.
       ``(2) Ineligible uses.--An eligible entity that receives a 
     grant under the Program shall not use the grant for--
       ``(A) the duplication of any existing eligible broadband 
     service provided by another entity in the eligible service 
     area; or
       ``(B) operating expenses, except as provided in--
       ``(i) subsection (c)(2)(C) with respect to free eligible 
     broadband service; and
       ``(ii) paragraph (1)(A) with respect to spectrum.
       ``(3) Free access for community centers.--Of the amounts 
     provided to an eligible entity under a grant under the 
     Program, the eligible entity shall use to carry out paragraph 
     (1)(B) not greater than the lesser of--
       ``(A) 10 percent; and
       ``(B) $150,000.
       ``(e) Matching Funds.--
       ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives a grant 
     under the Program shall provide a cash contribution in an 
     amount that is not less than 15 percent of the amount of the 
     grant.
       ``(2) Requirements.--A cash contribution described in 
     paragraph (1)--
       ``(A) shall be used solely for the project for which the 
     eligible entity receives a grant under the Program; and
       ``(B) shall not include any Federal funds, unless a Federal 
     statute specifically provides that those Federal funds may be 
     considered to be from a non-Federal source.
       ``(f) Applications.--
       ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
     the Program, an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary 
     an application at such time, in such manner, and containing 
     such information as the Secretary may require.
       ``(2) Requirement.--An application submitted by an eligible 
     entity under paragraph (1) shall include documentation 
     sufficient to demonstrate the availability of funds to 
     satisfy the requirement of subsection (e).
       ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $50,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 6205. OUTDATED BROADBAND SYSTEMS.

       (a) In General.--Title VI of the Rural Electrification Act 
     of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb et seq.) is further amended by adding 
     at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 605. OUTDATED BROADBAND SYSTEMS.

       ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), 
     the Secretary shall consider any portion of a service 
     territory that is subject to an outstanding grant agreement 
     between the Secretary and a broadband provider to be unserved 
     for the purposes of all broadband assistance programs under 
     this Act, if the broadband service in that portion of a 
     service territory is less than 10 Mbps downstream 
     transmission capacity or less than 1 Mbps upstream 
     transmission capacity.
       ``(b) Exception.--The Secretary shall not consider a 
     portion of a service territory described in subsection (a) to 
     be unserved if the broadband service provider has constructed 
     or begun to construct broadband facilities that meet the 
     minimum acceptable level of service established under section 
     601(e), in that portion of the service territory.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section 
     shall not take effect until October 1, 2020.

     SEC. 6206. DEFAULT AND DEOBLIGATION; DEFERRAL.

       Title VI of such Act (7 U.S.C. 950bb et seq.) is further 
     amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 606. DEFAULT AND DEOBLIGATION; DEFERRAL.

       ``(a) Default and Deobligation.--In addition to other 
     authority under applicable law, the Secretary shall establish 
     written procedures for all broadband programs so that, to the 
     maximum extent practicable, the programs are administered 
     to--

[[Page H9886]]

       ``(1) recover funds from loan and grant defaults;
       ``(2) deobligate any awards, less allowable costs that 
     demonstrate an insufficient level of performance (including 
     metrics determined by the Secretary) or fraudulent spending, 
     to the extent funds with respect to the award are available 
     in the account relating to the program established by this 
     title;
       ``(3) award those funds, on a competitive basis, to new or 
     existing applicants consistent with this title; and
       ``(4) minimize overlap among the programs.
       ``(b) Deferral Period.--In determining the terms and 
     conditions of assistance provided under this title, the 
     Secretary may establish a deferral period of not shorter than 
     the buildout period established for the project involved in 
     order to support the financial feasibility and long-term 
     sustainability of the project.''.

     SEC. 6207. PUBLIC NOTICE, ASSESSMENTS, AND REPORTING 
                   REQUIREMENTS.

       The Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 901 et 
     seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     title:

           ``TITLE VII--GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

     ``SEC. 701. PUBLIC NOTICE, ASSESSMENTS, AND REPORTING 
                   REQUIREMENTS.

       ``(a) Notice Requirements.--The Secretary shall promptly 
     make available to the public, a fully searchable database on 
     the website of the Rural Utilities Service that contains 
     information on all retail broadband projects provided 
     assistance or for which assistance is sought that are 
     administered by the Secretary, including, at a minimum--
       ``(1) notice of each application for assistance describing 
     the application, including--
       ``(A) the identity of the applicant;
       ``(B) a description of each application, including--
       ``(i) a map of the proposed service area of the applicant; 
     and
       ``(ii) the amount and type of support requested by each 
     applicant;
       ``(C) the status of each application; and
       ``(D) the estimated number and proportion of service points 
     in the proposed service territory without fixed broadband 
     service, whether terrestrial or wireless;
       ``(2) notice of each entity receiving assistance 
     administered by the Secretary, including--
       ``(A) the name of the entity;
       ``(B) the type of assistance being received;
       ``(C) the purpose for which the entity is receiving the 
     assistance; and
       ``(D) each annual report submitted under subsection (c) 
     (redacted to protect any proprietary information in the 
     report); and
       ``(3) such other information as is sufficient to allow the 
     public to understand assistance provided.
       ``(b) Service Area Assessment.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall, with respect to a 
     retail broadband application for assistance, which is outside 
     an area in which the applicant receives Federal universal 
     service support--
       ``(A) after giving notice required by subsection (a)(1), 
     afford service providers not less than 45 days to voluntarily 
     submit information required by the Secretary onto the 
     agency's online mapping tool with respect to areas that are 
     coterminous with the proposed service area of the application 
     (or any parts thereof), such that the Secretary may assess 
     whether the application submitted meets the eligibility 
     requirements under this title; and
       ``(B) if no broadband service provider submits information 
     under paragraph (1), consider the number of providers in the 
     proposed service area to be established by using any other 
     data regarding the availability of broadband service that the 
     Secretary may collect or obtain through reasonable efforts.
       ``(2) Assessment of unserved communities.--In the case of 
     an application given the highest priority under section 
     601(c)(2)(A)(i), the Secretary shall confirm that each 
     unserved rural community identified in the application is 
     eligible for funding by--
       ``(A) conferring with, and obtaining data from, the Chair 
     of the Federal Communications Commission and the 
     Administrator of the National Telecommunications and 
     Information Administration with respect to the service level 
     in the service area proposed in the application;
       ``(B) reviewing any other source that is relevant to 
     service data validation, as determined by the Secretary; and
       ``(C) performing site-specific testing to verify the 
     unavailability of any retail broadband service.
       ``(3) FOIA exemption.--For purposes of section 552 of title 
     5, United States Code, information received by the Secretary 
     pursuant to paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection shall be 
     exempt from disclosure pursuant to subsection (b)(2)(B) of 
     such section 552.
       ``(c) Reporting Broadband Improvements to USDA.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall require any entity 
     receiving assistance for a project which provides retail 
     broadband service to submit an annual report for 3 years 
     after completion of the project, in a format specified by the 
     Secretary, that describes--
       ``(A) the use by the entity of the assistance, including 
     new equipment and capacity enhancements that support high-
     speed broadband access for educational institutions, health 
     care providers, and public safety service providers 
     (including the estimated number of end users who are 
     currently using or forecasted to use the new or upgraded 
     infrastructure); and
       ``(B) the progress towards fulfilling the objectives for 
     which the assistance was granted, including--
       ``(i) the number of service points that will receive new 
     broadband service, existing network service improvements, and 
     facility upgrades resulting from the Federal assistance;
       ``(ii) the speed of broadband service;
       ``(iii) the average price of the most subscribed tier of 
     broadband service in a proposed service area;
       ``(iv) new subscribers generated from the project; and
       ``(v) any metrics the Secretary determines to be 
     appropriate.
       ``(2) Additional reporting.--
       ``(A) Broadband buildout data.--As a condition of receiving 
     assistance under section 601, a recipient of assistance shall 
     provide to the Secretary complete, reliable, and precise 
     geolocation information that indicates the location of new 
     broadband service that is being provided or upgraded within 
     the service territory supported by the grant, loan, or loan 
     guarantee not later than 30 days after the earlier of--
       ``(i) the date of completion of any project milestone 
     established by the Secretary; or
       ``(ii) the date of completion of the project.
       ``(B) Reporting for middle mile projects.--The Secretary 
     shall require any entity receiving assistance under section 
     602 to submit a semiannual report for 5 years after 
     completion of the project, in a format specified by the 
     Secretary, that describes--
       ``(i) the use by the entity of the assistance to construct, 
     improve, or acquire middle mile infrastructure;
       ``(ii) the progress towards meeting the end-user connection 
     plan submitted under section 602(d)(1)(A)(iii); and
       ``(iii) any additional metrics the Secretary determines to 
     be appropriate.
       ``(C) Additional reporting.--The Secretary may require any 
     additional reporting and information by any recipient of any 
     broadband assistance under this act so as to ensure 
     compliance with this section.
       ``(d) Annual Report on Broadband Projects and Service to 
     Congress.--Each year, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Congress a report that describes the extent of participation 
     in the broadband assistance programs administered by the 
     Secretary for the preceding fiscal year, including a 
     description of--
       ``(1) the number of applications received and accepted, 
     including any special loan terms or conditions for which the 
     Secretary provided additional assistance to unserved areas;
       ``(2)(A) the communities proposed to be served in each 
     application submitted for the fiscal year; and
       ``(B) the communities served by projects funded by 
     broadband assistance programs;
       ``(3) the period of time required to approve each loan 
     application under broadband programs;
       ``(4) any outreach activities carried out by the Secretary 
     to encourage entities in rural areas without broadband 
     service to submit applications under this Act;
       ``(5) the method by which the Secretary determines that a 
     service enables a subscriber to originate and receive high-
     quality voice, data, graphics, and video for purposes of 
     providing broadband service under this Act;
       ``(6) each broadband service, including the type and speed 
     of broadband service, for which assistance was sought, and 
     each broadband service for which assistance was provided, 
     under this Act; and
       ``(7) the overall progress towards fulfilling the goal of 
     improving the quality of rural life by expanding rural 
     broadband access, as demonstrated by metrics, including--
       ``(A) the number of residences and businesses receiving new 
     broadband services;
       ``(B) network improvements, including facility upgrades and 
     equipment purchases;
       ``(C) average broadband speeds and prices on a local and 
     statewide basis;
       ``(D) any changes in broadband adoption rates; and
       ``(E) any specific activities that increased high speed 
     broadband access for educational institutions, health care 
     providers, and public safety service providers.
       ``(e) Limitations on Reservation of Funds.--Not less than 3 
     but not more than 5 percent of program level amounts 
     available pursuant to amounts appropriated to carry out title 
     VI shall be set aside to be used for--
       ``(1) conducting oversight under such title;
       ``(2) implementing accountability measures and related 
     activities authorized under such title; and
       ``(3) carrying out this section.''.

     SEC. 6208. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

       Title VII of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936, as 
     added by section 6207 of this Act, is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:

     ``SEC. 702. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

       ``The Secretary may obligate, but not disperse, funds under 
     this Act before the completion of otherwise required 
     environmental, historical, or other types of reviews if the 
     Secretary determines that a subsequent site-specific review 
     shall be adequate and easily accomplished for the location of 
     towers, poles, or other broadband facilities in the service 
     area of the borrower without compromising the project or the 
     required reviews.''.

     SEC. 6209. USE OF LOAN PROCEEDS TO REFINANCE LOANS FOR 
                   DEPLOYMENT OF BROADBAND SERVICE.

       Title VII of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936, as 
     added by section 6207 and amended by section 6208 of this 
     Act, is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 703. USE OF LOAN PROCEEDS TO REFINANCE LOANS FOR 
                   DEPLOYMENT OF BROADBAND SERVICE.

       ``Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the 
     proceeds of any loan made or guaranteed by the Secretary 
     under this Act may be used by the recipient of the loan for 
     the purpose of refinancing an outstanding obligation of the 
     recipient on another telecommunications loan

[[Page H9887]]

     made under this Act, or on any other loan if that loan would 
     have been for an eligible telecommunications purpose under 
     this Act.''.

     SEC. 6210. SMART UTILITY AUTHORITY FOR BROADBAND.

       (a) Section 331 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1981) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(e)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary 
     may allow a recipient of a grant, loan, or loan guarantee 
     provided by the Office of Rural Development under this title 
     to use not more than 10 percent of the amount so provided--
       ``(A) for any activity for which assistance may be provided 
     under section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936; 
     or
       ``(B) to construct other broadband infrastructure.
       ``(2) Paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not apply to a 
     recipient who is seeking to provide retail broadband service 
     in any area where retail broadband service is available at 
     the minimum broadband speeds, as defined under section 601(e) 
     of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936.
       ``(3) The Secretary shall not provide funding under 
     paragraph (1) if the funding would result in competitive harm 
     to any grant, loan, or loan guarantee provided under the 
     Rural Electrification Act of 1936.''.
       (b) Title I of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
     U.S.C. 901-918a) is amended by inserting after section 7 the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 8. LIMITATIONS ON USE OF ASSISTANCE.

       ``(a) Subject to subsections (b) and (c) of this section, 
     the Secretary may allow a recipient of a grant, loan, or loan 
     guarantee under this title to set aside not more than 10 
     percent of the amount so received to provide retail broadband 
     service.
       ``(b) A recipient who sets aside funds under subsection (a) 
     of this section may use the funds only in an area that is not 
     being provided with the minimum acceptable level of broadband 
     service established under section 601(e), unless the 
     recipient meets the requirements of section 601(d).
       ``(c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit 
     the ability of any borrower to finance or deploy services 
     authorized under this Act.
       ``(d) The Secretary shall not provide funding under 
     subsection (a) if the funding would result in competitive 
     harm to any grant, loan, or loan guarantee referred to in 
     subsection (a).''.

     SEC. 6211. REFINANCING OF TELEPHONE LOANS.

       Section 201 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
     U.S.C. 922) is amended, in the fifth sentence, by striking 
     ``furnishing telephone service in rural areas:'' and all that 
     follows through ``40 per centum of any loan made under this 
     title.'' and inserting ``furnishing telephone service in 
     rural areas, including indebtedness of recipients on another 
     telecommunications loan made under this Act.''.

     SEC. 6212. FEDERAL BROADBAND PROGRAM COORDINATION.

       (a) Consultation Between USDA and NTIA.--The Secretary 
     shall consult with the Assistant Secretary to assist in the 
     verification of eligibility of the broadband loan and grant 
     programs of the Department of Agriculture. In providing 
     assistance under the preceding sentence, the Assistant 
     Secretary shall make available the broadband assessment and 
     mapping capabilities of the National Telecommunications and 
     Information Administration.
       (b) Consultation Between USDA and FCC.--
       (1) By usda.--The Secretary shall consult with the 
     Commission before providing broadband assistance for a 
     project to serve an area with respect to which another entity 
     is receiving Connect America Fund or Mobility Fund support 
     under the Federal universal service support mechanisms 
     established under section 254 of the Communications Act of 
     1934 (47 U.S.C. 254).
       (2) By fcc.--The Commission shall consult with the 
     Secretary before offering or providing Connect America Fund 
     or Mobility Fund support under the Federal universal service 
     support mechanisms established under section 254 of the 
     Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 254) to serve an area 
     with respect to which another entity has received broadband 
     assistance under a loan or grant program of the Department of 
     Agriculture.
       (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, the 
     Commission, and the Assistant Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committee on Agriculture and the Committee on Energy and 
     Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
     Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry and the Committee on 
     Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report 
     on how best to coordinate federally supported broadband 
     programs and activities in order to achieve the following 
     objectives:
       (1) Promote high-quality broadband service that meets the 
     long-term needs of rural residents and businesses, by 
     evaluating the broadband service needs in rural areas for 
     each decade through 2050.
       (2) Support the long-term viability, sustainability, and 
     utility of federally supported rural broadband 
     infrastructure, by analyzing the technical capabilities of 
     the technologies currently available and reasonably expected 
     to be available by 2035 to meet the broadband service needs 
     of rural residents identified under paragraph (1), including 
     by analyzing the following:
       (A) The real-world performance of such technologies, 
     including data rates, latency, data usage restrictions, and 
     other aspects of service quality, as defined by the 
     Commission.
       (B) The suitability of each such technology for 
     residential, agricultural, educational, healthcare, 
     commercial, and industrial purposes in rural areas.
       (C) The cost to deploy and support such technologies in 
     several rural geographies.
       (D) The costs associated with online platforms, 
     specifically the resulting constraints on rural network 
     bandwidth.
       (3) Identify and quantify the availability of broadband 
     service and ongoing broadband deployment in rural areas, 
     including ways to do the following:
       (A) Harmonize broadband notification and reporting 
     requirements and develop common verification procedures 
     across all federally supported broadband programs.
       (B) Consolidate and utilize the existing broadband service 
     data.
       (C) Collect and share data on those projects in rural areas 
     where Federal programs are currently supporting broadband 
     deployment, including areas with respect to which an entity 
     is receiving--
       (i) support under a broadband assistance program of the 
     Department of Agriculture; or
       (ii) Connect America Fund or Mobility Fund support under 
     the Federal universal service support mechanisms established 
     under section 254 of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 
     U.S.C. 254).
       (D) Leverage support technologies and services from online 
     platforms for providers of broadband service in rural areas.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Assistant secretary.--The term ``Assistant Secretary'' 
     means the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications 
     and Information.
       (2) Commission.--The term ``Commission'' means the Federal 
     Communications Commission.
       (3) Rural area.--The term ``rural area'' has the meaning 
     given the term in section 601(b)(3) of the Rural 
     Electrification Act of 1936.

     SEC. 6213. TRANSITION RULE.

       For the period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act and ending on the date that is one year after such 
     date of enactment, with respect to the implementation of the 
     rural broadband access program under section 601 of the Rural 
     Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb) and the 
     Community Connect Grant Program under section 604 of such 
     Act, as added by section 6204 of this Act, the Secretary 
     shall use the regulations in existence as of the day before 
     the date of enactment of this Act that are applicable to the 
     program involved, until the Secretary issues a final rule 
     implementing the provisions of, and amendments made by, this 
     title that apply to that program.

     SEC. 6214. RURAL BROADBAND INTEGRATION WORKING GROUP.

       (a) In General.--
       (1) Establishment.--There is established the Rural 
     Broadband Integration Working Group (referred to in this 
     subsection as the ``Working Group'').
       (2) Membership.--The membership of the Working Group shall 
     be composed of the heads, or their designees, of--
       (A) the Department of Agriculture, acting through the 
     Administrator of the Rural Utilities Service;
       (B) the Department of Commerce, acting through the 
     Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information;
       (C) the Department of Defense;
       (D) the Department of State;
       (E) the Department of the Interior;
       (F) the Department of Labor;
       (G) the Department of Health and Human Services;
       (H) the Department of Homeland Security;
       (I) the Department of Housing and Urban Development;
       (J) the Department of Justice;
       (K) the Department of Transportation;
       (L) the Department of the Treasury;
       (M) the Department of Energy;
       (N) the Department of Education;
       (O) the Department of Veterans Affairs;
       (P) the Environmental Protection Agency;
       (Q) the General Services Administration;
       (R) the Small Business Administration;
       (S) the Institute of Museum and Library Services;
       (T) the National Science Foundation;
       (U) the Council on Environmental Quality;
       (V) the Office of Science and Technology Policy;
       (W) the Office of Management and Budget;
       (X) the Council of Economic Advisers;
       (Y) the Domestic Policy Council;
       (Z) the National Economic Council; and
       (AA) such other Federal agencies or entities as are 
     determined appropriate by the co-chairs.
       (3) Co-chairs.--The following individuals, or their 
     designees, shall serve as co-chairs of the Working Group:
       (A) The Administrator of the Rural Utilities Service.
       (B) The Assistant Secretary for Communications and 
     Information.
       (C) The Director of the National Economic Council.
       (D) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
     Policy.
       (4) Consultation; coordination.--The Working Group shall 
     consult, as appropriate, with other relevant agencies, 
     including the Federal Communications Commission. The Working 
     Group shall coordinate with existing Federal working groups 
     and committees involved with broadband.
       (5) Membership changes.--The Director of the National 
     Economic Council and the Director of the Office of Science 
     and Technology Policy shall review, on a periodic basis, the 
     membership of the Working Group to ensure that the Working 
     Group--
       (A) includes necessary Federal Government entities; and
       (B) is an effective mechanism for coordinating among 
     agencies on the policy described in subsection (b).
       (b) Functions of Working Group.--
       (1) Consultation.--The Working Group shall consult with 
     State, local, Tribal, and territorial

[[Page H9888]]

     governments, telecommunications companies, utilities, trade 
     associations, philanthropic entities, policy experts, and 
     other interested parties to identify, assess, and determine 
     possible actions relating to barriers and opportunities for 
     broadband deployment in rural areas.
       (2) Point of contact.--Not later than 15 days after the 
     date of enactment of this Act, each member of the Working 
     Group shall--
       (A) designate a representative to serve as the main point 
     of contact for matters relating to the Working Group; and
       (B) notify the co-chairs of the Working Group of that 
     designee.
       (3) Survey.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, based on information provided by the 
     members of the Working Group, the Working Group shall publish 
     a comprehensive survey of--
       (A) Federal programs, including the allocated funding 
     amounts, that currently support or could reasonably be 
     modified to support broadband deployment and adoption; and
       (B) all Federal agency-specific policies and rules with the 
     direct or indirect effect of facilitating or regulating 
     investment in, or deployment of, wired and wireless broadband 
     networks.
       (4) List of actions.--Not later than 120 days after the 
     date of enactment of this Act, the members of the Working 
     Group shall submit to the Working Group an initial list of 
     actions that each of the agencies could take to identify and 
     address regulatory barriers to, incentivize investment in, 
     promote best practices within, align funding decisions with 
     respect to, and otherwise support, wired broadband deployment 
     and adoption.
       (5) Report.--Not later than 150 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Working Group shall submit to the 
     President an agreed-to and prioritized list of 
     recommendations of the Working Group on actions that Federal 
     agencies can take to support broadband deployment and 
     adoption, including--
       (A) a list of priority actions and rulemakings; and
       (B) timelines to complete the priority actions and 
     rulemakings.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

     SEC. 6301. EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN POPULATIONS FROM DEFINITION 
                   OF RURAL AREA.

       (a) In General.--Section 343(a)(13) of the Consolidated 
     Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(13)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(G)'' and inserting 
     ``(I)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(H) Exclusion of incarcerated populations.--Populations 
     of individuals incarcerated on a long-term or regional basis 
     shall not be included in determining whether an area is 
     `rural' or a `rural area'.
       ``(I) Limited exclusion of military base populations.--The 
     first 1,500 individuals who reside in housing located on a 
     military base shall not be included in determining whether an 
     area is `rural' or a `rural area'.''.
       (b) Broadband.--Section 601(b)(3) of the Rural 
     Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb(b)(3)) is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) Exclusion of certain populations.--Such term does not 
     include any population described in subparagraph (H) or (I) 
     of section 343(a)(13) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(13)).''.
       (c) Distance Learning and Telemedicine Loans and Grants.--
     Section 2332 of the Food Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
     Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 950aaa-1) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(4) Rural area.--The term `rural area' has the meaning 
     given the term in section 601(b)(3) of the Rural 
     Electrification Act of 1936.''.

     SEC. 6302. ESTABLISHMENT OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       (a) Definition.--In this section, the term `tribally 
     designated housing entity' has the meaning given the term in 
     section 4 of the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-
     Determination Act of 1996 (25 U.S.C. 4103).
       (b) In General.--The Secretary shall, in coordination with 
     the Office of Tribal Relations established under section 309 
     of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 
     (7 U.S.C. 6921), provide technical assistance to improve 
     access by Tribal entities to rural development programs 
     funded by the Department of Agriculture through available 
     cooperative agreement authorities of the Secretary.
       (c) Technical Assistance.--Technical assistance provided 
     under subsection (b) shall address the unique challenge of 
     Tribal governments, Tribal producers, Tribal businesses, 
     Tribal business entities, and tribally designated housing 
     entities in accessing Department of Agriculture-supported 
     rural infrastructure, rural cooperative development, rural 
     business and industry, rural housing, and other rural 
     development activities.

     SEC. 6303. RURAL ENERGY SAVINGS PROGRAM.

       Section 6407 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
     of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8107a) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``efficiency.'' and 
     inserting ``efficiency (including cost-effective on- or off-
     grid renewable energy or energy storage systems).'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (7) as 
     paragraphs (5) through (8), respectively;
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
       ``(4) Eligibility for other loans.--The Secretary shall not 
     include any debt incurred by a borrower under this section in 
     the calculation of the debt-equity ratio of the borrower for 
     purposes of eligibility for loans under the Rural 
     Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 901 et seq.).'';
       (C) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (5) (as so 
     redesignated), by striking ``(6)'' and inserting ``(7)''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(9) Accounting.--The Secretary shall take appropriate 
     steps to streamline the accounting requirements on borrowers 
     under this section while maintaining adequate assurances of 
     the repayment of the loans.'';
       (3) in subsection (d)(1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``3 percent'' and 
     inserting ``5 percent''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``electric'' and 
     inserting ``recurring service'';
       (4) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (i);
       (5) by inserting after subsection (g) the following:
       ``(h) Publication.--Not later than 120 days after the end 
     of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall publish a 
     description of--
       ``(1) the number of applications received under this 
     section for that fiscal year;
       ``(2) the number of loans made to eligible entities under 
     this section for that fiscal year; and
       ``(3) the recipients of the loans described in paragraph 
     (2).''; and
       (6) in subsection (i) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 6304. NORTHERN BORDER REGIONAL COMMISSION 
                   REAUTHORIZATION.

       (a) Administrative Expenses of Regional Commissions.--
     Section 15304(c)(3)(A) of title 40, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``unanimous'' and inserting ``majority''.
       (b) Economic and Infrastructure Development Grants.--
     Section 15501 of title 40, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (8) as paragraph (9); and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
       ``(8) to grow the capacity for successful community 
     economic development in its region; and'';
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``paragraphs (1) through 
     (3)'' and inserting ``paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (7)''; and
       (3) in subsection (f), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``, except that financial assistance may be 
     used as otherwise authorized by this subtitle to attract 
     businesses to the region from outside the United States.''.
       (c) State Capacity Building Grant Program.--
       (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) Commission.--The term ``Commission'' means the Northern 
     Border Regional Commission established by section 15301(a)(3) 
     of title 40, United States Code.
       (B) Commission state.--The term ``Commission State'' means 
     each of the States of Maine, New Hampshire, New York, and 
     Vermont.
       (C) Eligible county.--The term ``eligible county'' means a 
     county described in section 15733 of title 40, United States 
     Code.
       (D) Program.--The term ``program'' means the State capacity 
     building grant program established under paragraph (2).
       (2) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of enactment of this Act, the Commission shall establish a 
     State capacity building grant program to provide grants to 
     Commission States to carry out the purpose under paragraph 
     (3).
       (3) Purpose.--The purpose of the program is to support the 
     efforts of the Commission--
       (A) to better support business retention and expansion in 
     eligible counties;
       (B) to create programs to encourage job creation and 
     workforce development in eligible counties;
       (C) to prepare economic and infrastructure plans for 
     eligible counties;
       (D) to expand access to high-speed broadband in eligible 
     counties;
       (E) to provide technical assistance that results in 
     Commission investments in transportation, water, wastewater, 
     and other critical infrastructure;
       (F) to create initiatives to increase the effectiveness of 
     local development districts in eligible counties; and
       (G) to implement new or innovative economic development 
     practices that will better position the eligible counties of 
     Commission States to compete in the global economy.
       (4) Use of funds.--
       (A) In general.--Funds from a grant under the program may 
     be used to support a project, program, or related expense of 
     the Commission State in an eligible county.
       (B) Limitation.--Funds from a grant under the program shall 
     not be used for--
       (i) the purchase of furniture, fixtures, or equipment;
       (ii) the compensation of--

       (I) any State member of the Commission (as described in 
     section 15301(b)(1)(B) of title 40, United States Code); or
       (II) any State alternate member of the Commission (as 
     described in section 15301(b)(2)(B) of title 40, United 
     States Code); or

       (iii) the cost of supplanting existing State programs.
       (5) Annual work plan.--
       (A) In general.--For each fiscal year, before providing a 
     grant under the program, each Commission State shall provide 
     to the Commission an annual work plan that includes the 
     proposed use of the grant.
       (B) Approval.--No grant under the program shall be provided 
     to a Commission State unless the Commission has approved the 
     annual work plan of the State.
       (6) Amount of grant.--

[[Page H9889]]

       (A) In general.--The amount of a grant provided to a 
     Commission State under the program for a fiscal year shall be 
     based on the proportion that--
       (i) the amount paid by the Commission State (including any 
     amounts paid on behalf of the Commission State by a nonprofit 
     organization) for administrative expenses for the applicable 
     fiscal year (as determined under section 15304(c) of title 
     40, United States Code); bears to
       (ii) the amount paid by all Commission States (including 
     any amounts paid on behalf of a Commission State by a 
     nonprofit organization) for administrative expenses for that 
     fiscal year (as determined under that section).
       (B) Requirement.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
     the program for a fiscal year, a Commission State (or a 
     nonprofit organization on behalf of the Commission State) 
     shall pay the amount of administrative expenses of the 
     Commission State for the applicable fiscal year (as 
     determined under section 15304(c) of title 40, United States 
     Code).
       (C) Approval.--For each fiscal year, a grant provided under 
     the program shall be approved and made available as part of 
     the approval of the annual budget of the Commission.
       (7) Grant availability.--Funds from a grant under the 
     program shall be available only during the fiscal year for 
     which the grant is provided.
       (8) Report.--Each fiscal year, each Commission State shall 
     submit to the Commission and make publicly available a report 
     that describes the use of the grant funds and the impact of 
     the program in the State.
       (9) Funding.--
       (A) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated to 
     carry out this subsection $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
     2019 through 2023.
       (B) Supplement, not supplant.--Funds made available to 
     carry out this subsection shall supplement and not supplant 
     funds made available for the Commission and other activities 
     of the Commission.
       (d) Northern Border Regional Commission.--Section 15733 of 
     title 40, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by inserting ``Belknap,'' before ``Carroll,''; and
       (B) by inserting ``Cheshire,'' before ``Coos,'';
       (2) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(3) New york.--The counties of Cayuga, Clinton, Essex, 
     Franklin, Fulton, Genesee, Greene, Hamilton, Herkimer, 
     Jefferson, Lewis, Livingston, Madison, Montgomery, Niagara, 
     Oneida, Orleans, Oswego, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, 
     Seneca, St. Lawrence, Sullivan, Washington, Warren, Wayne, 
     and Yates in the State of New York.''; and
       (3) in paragraph (4)--
       (A) by inserting ``Addison, Bennington,'' before 
     ``Caledonia,'';
       (B) by inserting ``Chittenden,'' before ``Essex,'';
       (C) by striking ``and'' and inserting ``Orange,'' and
       (D) by inserting ``, Rutland, Washington, Windham, and 
     Windsor'' after ``Orleans''.
       (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 15751(a) of 
     title 40, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     ``$30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' 
     and inserting ``$33,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
     through 2023''.
       (f) Vacancies.--Section 15301 of title 40, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Succession.--Subject to the time limitations under 
     section 3346 of title 5, the Federal Cochairperson may 
     designate a Federal employee of the Commission to perform the 
     functions and duties of the office of the Federal 
     Cochairperson temporarily in an acting capacity if both the 
     Federal Cochairperson and the alternate Federal Cochairperson 
     die, resign, or otherwise are unable to perform the functions 
     and duties of their offices.''.
       (g) Technical Amendments.--Chapters 1, 2, 3, and 4 of 
     subtitle V of title 40, United States Code, are redesignated 
     as chapters 151, 153, 155, and 157, respectively.

     SEC. 6305. DEFINITION OF RURAL AREA FOR PURPOSES OF THE 
                   HOUSING ACT OF 1949.

       The second sentence of section 520 of the Housing Act of 
     1949 (42 U.S.C. 1490) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``or 2010 decennial census'' and inserting 
     ``2010, or 2020 decennial census'';
       (2) by striking ``December 31, 2010,'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2020,'' ; and
       (3) by striking ``year 2020'' and inserting ``year 2030''.

     SEC. 6306. COUNCIL ON RURAL COMMUNITY INNOVATION AND ECONOMIC 
                   DEVELOPMENT.

       (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to enhance the 
     efforts of the Federal Government to address the needs of 
     rural areas in the United States by--
       (1) establishing a council to better coordinate Federal 
     programs directed to rural communities;
       (2) maximizing the impact of Federal investment to promote 
     economic prosperity and quality of life in rural communities 
     in the United States; and
       (3) using innovation to resolve local and regional 
     challenges faced by rural communities.
       (b) Establishment.--
       (1) There is established a Council on Rural Community 
     Innovation and Economic Development (referred to in this 
     section as the ``Council'').
       (2) The Council shall be the successor to the Interagency 
     Task Force on Agriculture and Rural Prosperity established by 
     Executive Order 13790.
       (c) Membership.--
       (1) In general.--The membership of the Council shall be 
     composed of the heads of the following executive branch 
     departments, agencies, and offices:
       (A) The Department of Agriculture.
       (B) The Department of the Treasury.
       (C) The Department of Defense.
       (D) The Department of Justice.
       (E) The Department of the Interior.
       (F) The Department of Commerce.
       (G) The Department of Labor.
       (H) The Department of Health and Human Services.
       (I) The Department of Housing and Urban Development.
       (J) The Department of Transportation.
       (K) The Department of Energy.
       (L) The Department of Education.
       (M) The Department of Veterans Affairs.
       (N) The Department of Homeland Security.
       (O) The Environmental Protection Agency.
       (P) The Federal Communications Commission.
       (Q) The Office of Management and Budget.
       (R) The Office of Science and Technology Policy.
       (S) The Office of National Drug Control Policy.
       (T) The Council of Economic Advisers.
       (U) The Domestic Policy Council.
       (V) The National Economic Council.
       (W) The Small Business Administration.
       (X) The Council on Environmental Quality.
       (Y) The White House Office of Public Engagement.
       (Z) The White House Office of Cabinet Affairs.
       (AA) Such other executive branch departments, agencies, and 
     offices as the President or the Secretary may, from time to 
     time, designate.
       (2) Chair.--The Secretary shall serve as the Chair of the 
     Council.
       (3) Designees.--A member of the Council may designate, to 
     perform the Council functions of the member, a senior-level 
     official who is--
       (A) part of the department, agency, or office of the 
     member; and
       (B) a full-time officer or employee of the Federal 
     Government.
       (4) Administration.--The Council shall coordinate policy 
     development through the rural development mission area.
       (d) Funding.--The Secretary shall provide funding and 
     administrative support for the Council to the extent 
     permitted by law and within existing appropriations.
       (e) Mission and Function of the Council.--The Council shall 
     work across executive departments, agencies, and offices to 
     coordinate development of policy recommendations--
       (1) to maximize the impact of Federal investment on rural 
     communities;
       (2) to promote economic prosperity and quality of life in 
     rural communities; and
       (3) to use innovation to resolve local and regional 
     challenges faced by rural communities.
       (f) Duties.--The Council shall--
       (1) make recommendations to the President, acting through 
     the Director of the Domestic Policy Council and the Director 
     of the National Economic Council, on streamlining and 
     leveraging Federal investments in rural areas, where 
     appropriate, to increase the impact of Federal dollars and 
     create economic opportunities to improve the quality of life 
     in rural areas in the United States;
       (2) coordinate and increase the effectiveness of Federal 
     engagement with rural stakeholders, including agricultural 
     organizations, small businesses, education and training 
     institutions, health-care providers, telecommunications 
     services providers, electric service providers, 
     transportation providers, research and land grant 
     institutions, law enforcement, State, local, and tribal 
     governments, and nongovernmental organizations regarding the 
     needs of rural areas in the United States;
       (3) coordinate Federal efforts directed toward the growth 
     and development of rural geographic regions that encompass 
     both metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas;
       (4) identify and facilitate rural economic opportunities 
     associated with energy development, outdoor recreation, and 
     other conservation related activities; and
       (5) identify common economic and social challenges faced by 
     rural communities that could be served through--
       (A) better coordination of existing Federal and non-Federal 
     resources; and
       (B) innovative solutions utilizing governmental and 
     nongovernmental resources.
       (g) Executive Departments and Agencies.--
       (1) In general.--The heads of executive departments and 
     agencies shall assist and provide information to the Council, 
     consistent with applicable law, as may be necessary to carry 
     out the functions of the Council.
       (2) Expenses.--Each executive department or agency shall be 
     responsible for paying any expenses of the executive 
     department or agency for participating in the Council.
       (h) Council Working Groups.--
       (1) In general.--The Council may establish, in addition to 
     the working groups established under paragraph (3), such 
     other working groups as necessary.
       (2) Membership.--The Secretary shall include as members of 
     each working group such Council members, other heads of 
     Federal agencies (or their designees as defined in (d)(3)), 
     and non-Federal partners as determined appropriate to the 
     subject matter.
       (3) Required working groups.--The working groups specified 
     in this paragraph are each of the following:
       (A) The rural smart communities working group.--
       (i) Establishment.--The Council shall establish a Rural 
     Smart Communities Working Group.
       (ii) Duties.--The Rural Smart Communities Working Group 
     shall--

[[Page H9890]]

       (I) not later than 1 year after the establishment of such 
     Working Group, submit to Congress a report describing efforts 
     of rural areas to integrate smart technology into their 
     communities to solve challenges relating to governance, 
     economic development, quality of life, or other relevant 
     rural issues, as determined by the Secretary; and
       (II) create, publish, and maintain a resource guide 
     designed to assist States and other rural communities in 
     developing and implementing rural smart community programs.

       (iii) Smart community defined.--For the purposes of this 
     subparagraph, the term ``smart community'' means a community 
     that has the ability to integrate multiple technological 
     solutions, in a secure fashion, to manage a community's 
     assets, including local government information systems, 
     schools, libraries, transportation systems, hospitals, power 
     plants, law enforcement, and other community services with 
     the goal of promoting quality of life through the use of 
     technology in ways that improve the efficiency of services 
     and meet residents' needs.
       (B) Jobs accelerator working group.--
       (i) Establishment.--The Council shall establish a Jobs 
     Accelerator Working Group.
       (ii) Goals.--The Jobs Accelerator Working Group shall 
     support rural jobs accelerators (as defined in section 
     379I(a)(4) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act)--

       (I) to improve the ability of rural communities to create 
     high-wage jobs, accelerate the formation of new businesses 
     with high-growth potential, and strengthen regional 
     economies, including by helping to build capacity in the 
     applicable region to achieve those goals; and
       (II) to help rural communities identify and maximize local 
     assets and connect to regional opportunities, networks, and 
     industry clusters that demonstrate high growth potential.

       (iii) Duties.--The Jobs Accelerator Working Group shall--

       (I) provide the public with available information and 
     technical assistance on Federal resources relevant to a 
     project and region;
       (II) establish a Federal support team comprised of staff 
     from participating agencies in the working group that shall 
     provide coordinated and dedicated support services to rural 
     jobs accelerators; and
       (III) provide opportunities for rural jobs accelerators to 
     share best practices and further collaborate with one 
     another.

 Subtitle D--Additional Amendments to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
                            Development Act

     SEC. 6401. STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

       Section 379H of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 2008v) is amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 379H. STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

       ``(a) In General.--In the case of any program under this 
     title or administered by the Secretary, acting through the 
     rural development mission area, as determined by the 
     Secretary (referred to in this section as a `covered 
     program'), the Secretary shall give priority to an 
     application for a project that, as determined and approved by 
     the Secretary--
       ``(1) meets the applicable eligibility requirements of this 
     title or the other applicable authorizing law;
       ``(2) will be carried out in a rural area; and
       ``(3) supports the implementation of a strategic community 
     investment plan described in subsection (d) on a 
     multisectoral and multijurisdictional basis, to include 
     considerations for improving and expanding broadband services 
     as needed.
       ``(b) Reserve.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
     shall reserve not more than 15 percent of the funds made 
     available for a fiscal year for covered programs for projects 
     that support the implementation of a strategic community 
     investment plan described in subsection (d) on a 
     multisectoral and multijurisdictional basis.
       ``(2) Period.--Any funds reserved under paragraph (1) shall 
     only be reserved for the 1-year period beginning on the date 
     on which the funds were first made available, as determined 
     by the Secretary.
       ``(c) Approved Applications.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), any applicant 
     who submitted an application under a covered program that was 
     approved before the date of enactment of this section may 
     amend the application to qualify for the funds reserved under 
     subsection (b).
       ``(2) Rural utilities.--Any applicant who submitted an 
     application under paragraph (2), (14), or (24) of section 
     306(a), or section 306A or 310B(b), that was approved by the 
     Secretary before the date of enactment of this section shall 
     be eligible for the funds reserved under subsection (b)--
       ``(A) on the same basis as an application submitted under 
     this section; and
       ``(B) until September 30, 2019.
       ``(d) Strategic Community Investment Plans.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide assistance 
     to rural communities in developing strategic community 
     investment plans.
       ``(2) Plans.--A strategic community investment plan 
     described in paragraph (1) shall include--
       ``(A) a variety of activities designed to facilitate the 
     vision of a rural community for the future, including 
     considerations for improving and expanding broadband services 
     as needed;
       ``(B) participation by multiple stakeholders, including 
     local and regional partners;
       ``(C) leverage of applicable regional resources;
       ``(D) investment from strategic partners, such as--
       ``(i) private organizations;
       ``(ii) cooperatives;
       ``(iii) other government entities;
       ``(iv) Indian Tribes; and
       ``(v) philanthropic organizations;
       ``(E) clear objectives with the ability to establish 
     measurable performance metrics;
       ``(F) action steps for implementation; and
       ``(G) any other elements necessary to ensure that the plan 
     results in a comprehensive and strategic approach to rural 
     economic development, as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(3) Coordination.--The Secretary shall coordinate with 
     Indian Tribes and local, State, regional, and Federal 
     partners to develop strategic community investment plans 
     under this subsection.
       ``(4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $5,000,000 
     for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, to remain 
     available until expended.''.

     SEC. 6402. EXPANDING ACCESS TO CREDIT FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES.

       (a) Certain Programs Under the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act.--Section 343(a)(13) of the Consolidated Farm 
     and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(13)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B)--
       (A) in the heading, by striking ``and guaranteed''; and
       (B) in the text--
       (i) by striking ``and guaranteed''; and
       (ii) by striking ``(1), (2), and (24)'' and inserting ``(1) 
     and (2)''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (C)--
       (A) by striking ``and guaranteed''; and
       (B) by striking ``(21), and (24)'' and inserting ``and 
     (21)''.
       (b) Population Caps for Guaranteed Lending.--Section 
     306(a)(24) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(24)) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) Priority.--
       ``(i) Water or waste facility.--The Secretary shall 
     prioritize water and waste facility projects under this 
     paragraph in rural areas with a population of not more than 
     10,000 people.
       ``(ii) Community facility.--Of the funds made available to 
     carry out this paragraph for community facility loan 
     guarantees for a fiscal year the following amounts shall be 
     reserved for projects in rural areas with a population of not 
     more than 20,000 inhabitants:

       ``(I) 100 percent of the first $200,000,000 so made 
     available;
       ``(II) 50 percent of the next $200,000,000 so made 
     available; and
       ``(III) 25 percent of all amounts exceeding $400,000,000 so 
     made available,

     except that, to the extent that the Secretary demonstrates 
     that the funds so reserved are not needed to finance a 
     community facility project in such a rural area, the 
     Secretary may use the funds for other community facility 
     projects in accordance with this paragraph.''.

     SEC. 6403. WATER, WASTE DISPOSAL, AND WASTEWATER FACILITY 
                   GRANTS.

       Section 306(a)(2)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(2)(B)) is amended--
       (1) in clause (iii), by striking ``$100,000'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``$200,000''; and
       (2) in clause (vii), by striking ``$30,000,000 for each of 
     fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' and inserting ``$15,000,000 
     for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.

     SEC. 6404. RURAL WATER AND WASTEWATER TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE 
                   AND TRAINING PROGRAMS.

       Section 306(a)(14) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(14)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A)--
       (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period and inserting a 
     semicolon; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iv) identify options to enhance the long-term 
     sustainability of rural water and waste systems, including 
     operational practices, revenue enhancements, partnerships, 
     consolidation, regionalization, or contract services; and
       ``(v) address the contamination of drinking water and 
     surface water supplies by emerging contaminants, including 
     per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances.''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (C)--
       (A) by striking ``1 nor more than 3'' and inserting ``3 
     percent and not more than 5''; and
       (B) by striking ``1 per centum'' and inserting ``3 
     percent''.

     SEC. 6405. RURAL WATER AND WASTEWATER CIRCUIT RIDER PROGRAM.

       Section 306(a)(22)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(22)(B)) is amended by 
     striking ``$20,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal 
     year thereafter'' and inserting ``$25,000,000 for each of 
     fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.

     SEC. 6406. TRIBAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY ESSENTIAL COMMUNITY 
                   FACILITIES.

       Section 306(a)(25)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(25)(C)) is amended by 
     striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 6407. EMERGENCY AND IMMINENT COMMUNITY WATER ASSISTANCE 
                   GRANT PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Section 306A of the Consolidated Farm and 
     Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926a) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``; and'' and 
     inserting the following: ``, particularly to projects to 
     address contamination that--
       ``(A) poses a threat to human health or the environment; 
     and
       ``(B) was caused by circumstances beyond the control of the 
     applicant for a grant, including circumstances that occurred 
     over a period of time; and'';

[[Page H9891]]

       (2) in subsection (d)(1)(D), by inserting ``, other than 
     those covered above for not to exceed 120 days when a more 
     permanent solution is not feasible in a shorter time frame. 
     Where drinking water supplies are inadequate due to an event, 
     as determined by the Secretary, including drought, severe 
     weather, or contamination, the Secretary may provide potable 
     water for an additional period of time not to exceed an 
     additional 120 days in order to protect public health'' 
     before the period;
       (3) in subsection (e)(1)(B), by striking ``according to the 
     most recent decennial census of the United States'';
       (4) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``$500,000'' and 
     inserting ``$1,000,000''; and
       (5) in subsection (i)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``3 nor more than 5'' 
     and inserting ``5 percent and not more than 7''; and
       (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(B) Release.--
       ``(i) In general.--Funds reserved under subparagraph (A) 
     for a fiscal year shall be reserved only until July 1 of the 
     fiscal year.
       ``(ii) Exception.--Notwithstanding clause (i), in response 
     to an eligible community where the drinking water supplies 
     are inadequate, as determined by the Secretary, due to an 
     event, including drought, severe weather, or contamination, 
     the Secretary may use funds described in subparagraph (A) 
     from July 1 through September 30 each fiscal year to provide 
     potable water under this section in order to protect public 
     health.''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$35,000,000 for each of 
     fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' and inserting ``$50,000,000 
     for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.
       (b) Interagency Task Force on Rural Water Quality.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     enactment of this section, the Secretary shall coordinate an 
     interagency task force to examine drinking water and surface 
     water contamination in rural communities, particularly rural 
     communities that are in close proximity to active or 
     decommissioned military installations in the United States.
       (2) Membership.--The interagency task force shall consist 
     of--
       (A) the Secretary;
       (B) the Secretary of the Army, acting through the Chief of 
     Engineers;
       (C) the Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting 
     through--
       (i) the Director of the Agency for Toxic Substances and 
     Disease Registry; and
       (ii) the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and 
     Prevention;
       (D) the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development;
       (E) the Secretary of the Interior, acting through--
       (i) the Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife 
     Service; and
       (ii) the Director of the United States Geological Survey;
       (F) the Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
     Agency; and
       (G) representatives from rural drinking and wastewater 
     entities, State and community regulators, and appropriate 
     scientific experts that reflect a diverse cross-section of 
     the rural communities described in paragraph (1).
       (3) Report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 360 days after the date of 
     enactment of this section, the task force shall submit to the 
     committees described in subparagraph (B) a report that--
       (i) examines, and identifies issues relating to, water 
     contamination in rural communities, particularly rural 
     communities that are in close proximity to active or 
     decommissioned military installations in the United States;
       (ii) reviews the extent to which Federal, State, and local 
     government agencies coordinate with one another to address 
     the issues identified under clause (i);
       (iii) recommends how Federal, State, and local government 
     agencies can work together in the most effective, efficient, 
     and cost-effective manner practicable, to address the issues 
     identified under clause (i); and
       (iv) recommends changes to existing statutory requirements, 
     regulatory requirements, or both, to improve interagency 
     coordination and responsiveness to address the issues 
     identified under clause (i).
       (B) Committees described.--The committees referred to in 
     subparagraph (A) are--
       (i) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (ii) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 
     of the Senate;
       (iii) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (iv) the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the 
     Senate;
       (v) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (vi) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.

     SEC. 6408. WATER SYSTEMS FOR RURAL AND NATIVE VILLAGES IN 
                   ALASKA.

       Section 306D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 1926d) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Alaska for'' and 
     inserting ``Alaska, a consortium formed pursuant to section 
     325 of the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies 
     Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105-83; 111 Stat. 1597), 
     and Native villages (as defined in section 3 of the Alaska 
     Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602)) for'';
       (2) in subsection (b), by inserting ``for any grant awarded 
     under subsection (a)'' before the period at the end; and
       (3) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Alaska'' and inserting 
     ``Alaska, and not more than 2 percent of the amount made 
     available under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year may be used 
     by a consortium formed pursuant to section 325 of the 
     Department of the Interior and Related Agencies 
     Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105-83; 111 Stat. 
     1597),''.

     SEC. 6409. RURAL DECENTRALIZED WATER SYSTEMS.

       Section 306E of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 1926e) is amended--
       (1) by striking the section heading and inserting ``rural 
     decentralized water systems'';
       (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``100'' and inserting 
     ``60'';
       (3) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by inserting ``and subgrants'' after ``loans''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``and individually owned household 
     decentralized wastewater systems'' after ``well systems'';
       (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
       ``(2) Terms and amounts.--
       ``(A) Terms of loans.--A loan made with grant funds under 
     this section--
       ``(i) shall have an interest rate of 1 percent; and
       ``(ii) shall have a term not to exceed 20 years.
       ``(B) Amounts.--A loan or subgrant made with grant funds 
     under this section shall not exceed $15,000 for each water 
     well system or decentralized wastewater system described in 
     paragraph (1).''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Ground well water contamination.--In the event of 
     ground well water contamination, the Secretary shall allow a 
     loan or subgrant to be made with grant funds under this 
     section for the installation of water treatment where needed 
     beyond the point of entry, with or without the installation 
     of a new water well system.'';
       (4) in subsection (c), by striking ``productive use of 
     individually-owned household water well systems'' and 
     inserting ``effective use of individually owned household 
     water well systems, individually owned household 
     decentralized wastewater systems,''; and
       (5) in subsection (d)--
       (A) by striking ``$5,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$20,000,000''; and
       (B) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 
     through 2023''.

     SEC. 6410. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT GRANTS.

       Section 310B(b)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(b)(2)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 6411. RURAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

       Section 310B(c)(4)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(c)(4)(A)) is amended by 
     striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 6412. RURAL COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

       (a) In General.--Section 310B(e) of the Consolidated Farm 
     and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(e)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (10), by inserting ``(including research 
     and analysis based on data from the latest available Economic 
     Census conducted by the Bureau of the Census)'' after 
     ``conduct research''; and
       (2) in paragraph (13), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.
       (b) Technical Correction.--Section 310B(e)(11)(B)(i) of 
     such Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(e)(11)(B)(i)) is amended by striking 
     ``(12)'' and inserting ``(13)''.

     SEC. 6413. LOCALLY OR REGIONALLY PRODUCED AGRICULTURAL FOOD 
                   PRODUCTS.

       Section 310B(g)(9)(B)(iv)(I) of the Consolidated Farm and 
     Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(g)(9)(B)(iv)(I)) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 6414. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR RURAL AREAS 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 310B(i)(4) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(i)(4)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 6415. RURAL ECONOMIC AREA PARTNERSHIP ZONES.

       Section 310B(j) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(j)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 6416. INTEMEDIARY RELENDING PROGRAM.

       Section 310H of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 1936b) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (i);
       (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following:
       ``(e) Limitation on Loan Amounts.--The maximum amount of a 
     loan by an eligible entity described in subsection (b) to 
     individuals and entities for a project under subsection (c), 
     including the unpaid balance of any existing loans, shall be 
     the lesser of--
       ``(1) $400,000; and
       ``(2) 50 percent of the loan to the eligible entity under 
     subsection (a).
       ``(f) Applications.--
       ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive a loan or loan 
     guarantee under subsection (a), an eligible entity described 
     in subsection (b) shall submit to the Secretary an 
     application at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
     information as the Secretary may require.
       ``(2) Evaluation.--In evaluating applications submitted 
     under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--

[[Page H9892]]

       ``(A)(i) take into consideration the previous performance 
     of an eligible entity in carrying out projects under 
     subsection (c); and
       ``(ii) in the case of satisfactory performance under clause 
     (i), require the eligible entity to contribute less equity 
     for subsequent loans without modifying the priority given to 
     subsequent applications; and
       ``(B) in assigning priorities to applications, require an 
     eligible entity to demonstrate that it has a governing or 
     advisory board made up of business, civic, and community 
     leaders who are representative of the communities of the 
     service area, without limitation to the size of the service 
     area.
       ``(g) Return of Equity.--The Secretary shall establish a 
     schedule that is consistent with the amortization schedules 
     of the portfolio of loans made or guaranteed under subsection 
     (a) for the return of any equity contribution made under this 
     section by an eligible entity described in subsection (b), if 
     the eligible entity is--
       ``(1) current on all principal and interest payments; and
       ``(2) in compliance with loan covenants.
       ``(h) Regulations.--The Secretary shall promulgate 
     regulations and establish procedures reducing the 
     administrative requirements on eligible entities described in 
     subsection (b), including regulations to carry out the 
     amendments made to this section by the Agriculture 
     Improvement Act of 2018.''; and
       (3) in subsection (i) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 6417. ACCESS TO INFORMATION TO VERIFY INCOME FOR 
                   PARTICIPANTS IN CERTAIN RURAL HOUSING PROGRAMS.

       Section 331 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 1981), as amended by section 6210(a) of this 
     Act, is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Access to Information to Verify Income for 
     Participants in Certain Rural Housing Programs.--The 
     Secretary and the designees of the Secretary are hereby 
     granted the same access to information and subject to the 
     same requirements applicable to the Secretary of Housing and 
     Urban Development as provided in section 453 of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 653) and section 6103(l)(7)(D)(ix) of 
     the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 
     6103(l)(7)(D)(ix)) to verify income for individuals 
     participating in sections 502, 504, 521, and 542 of the 
     Housing Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1472, 1474, 1490a, and 1490r), 
     notwithstanding section 453(l) of the Social Security Act.''.

     SEC. 6418. PROVIDING FOR ADDITIONAL FEES FOR GUARANTEED LOANS 
                   UNDER THE CONSOLIDATED FARM AND RURAL 
                   DEVELOPMENT ACT.

       Section 333 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 1983) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (5);
       (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (6) and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(7) in the case of an insured or guaranteed loan issued 
     or modified under section 306(a), charge and collect from the 
     lender fees in such amounts as to bring down the costs of 
     subsidies for the insured or guaranteed loan, except that the 
     fees shall not act as a bar to participation in the programs 
     nor be inconsistent with current practices in the 
     marketplace.''.

     SEC. 6419. RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE PROGRAMS 
                   TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING.

       The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act is amended 
     by inserting after section 367, as added by section 5306 of 
     this Act, the following:

     ``SEC. 368. RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE PROGRAMS 
                   TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING.

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make grants to public 
     bodies, private nonprofit corporations, economic development 
     authorities, institutions of higher education, federally 
     recognized Indian Tribes, and rural cooperatives for the 
     purpose of providing or obtaining technical assistance and 
     training to support funding applications for programs carried 
     out by the Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the 
     Rural Business-Cooperative Service.
       ``(b) Purposes.--A grant under subsection (a) may be used--
       ``(1) to assist communities in identifying and planning for 
     business and economic development needs;
       ``(2) to identify public and private resources to finance 
     business and small and emerging business needs;
       ``(3) to prepare reports and surveys necessary to request 
     financial assistance for businesses in rural communities; and
       ``(4) to prepare applications for financial assistance.
       ``(c) Selection Priority.--In selecting recipients of 
     grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority 
     to grants serving persistent poverty counties and high 
     poverty communities, as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(d) Funding.--
       ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
     2019 through 2023, to remain available until expended.
       ``(2) Availability.--Any amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated under paragraph (1) for any fiscal year that are 
     not appropriated for that fiscal year may be appropriated for 
     the immediately succeeding fiscal year.''.

     SEC. 6420. NATIONAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP.

       Section 378 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 2008m) is amended in each of subsections (g)(1) 
     and (h), by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'' each 
     place it appears.

     SEC. 6421. GRANTS FOR NOAA WEATHER RADIO TRANSMITTERS.

       Section 379B(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2008p(d)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 6422. RURAL MICROENTREPRENEUR ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       Section 379E of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 2008s) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(4)(B)(ii)--
       (A) in the clause heading, by striking ``Maximum amount'' 
     and inserting ``Amount'';
       (B) by inserting ``not less than 20 percent and'' before 
     ``not more than 25 percent''; and
       (C) by striking the period at the end and inserting the 
     following: ``, subject to--

       ``(I) satisfactory performance by the microenterprise 
     development organization under this section, and
       ``(II) the availability of funding.''; and

       (2) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
       ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
     $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 6423. HEALTH CARE SERVICES.

       Section 379G(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2008u(e)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 6424. RURAL INNOVATION STRONGER ECONOMY GRANT PROGRAM.

       Subtitle D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 1981 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end 
     the following:

     ``SEC. 379I. RURAL INNOVATION STRONGER ECONOMY GRANT PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means a 
     rural jobs accelerator partnership established after the date 
     of enactment of this section that--
       ``(A) organizes key community and regional stakeholders 
     into a working group that--
       ``(i) focuses on the shared goals and needs of the industry 
     clusters that are objectively identified as existing, 
     emerging, or declining;
       ``(ii) represents a region defined by the partnership in 
     accordance with subparagraph (B);
       ``(iii) includes 1 or more representatives of--

       ``(I) an institution of higher education (as defined in 
     section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1001));
       ``(II) a private entity; or
       ``(III) a government entity; and

       ``(iv) has, as a lead applicant--

       ``(I) a District Organization (as defined in section 300.3 
     of title 13, Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor 
     regulation));
       ``(II) an Indian tribe (as defined in section 4 of the 
     Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
     U.S.C. 5304)), or a consortium of Indian tribes;
       ``(III) a State or a political subdivision of a State, 
     including a special purpose unit of a State or local 
     government engaged in economic development activities, or a 
     consortium of political subdivisions;
       ``(IV) an institution of higher education (as defined in 
     section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1001)) or a consortium of institutions of higher education; 
     or
       ``(V) a public or private nonprofit organization; and

       ``(B) subject to approval by the Secretary, may--
       ``(i) serve a region that is--

       ``(I) a single jurisdiction; or
       ``(II) if the region is a rural area, multijurisdictional; 
     and

       ``(ii) define the region that the partnership represents, 
     if the region--

       ``(I) is large enough to contain critical elements of the 
     industry cluster prioritized by the partnership;
       ``(II) is small enough to enable close collaboration among 
     members of the partnership;
       ``(III) includes a majority of communities that are located 
     in--

       ``(aa) a nonmetropolitan area that qualifies as a low-
     income community (as defined in section 45D(e) of the 
     Internal Revenue Code of 1986); and
       ``(bb) an area that has access to or has a plan to achieve 
     broadband service (within the meaning of title VI of the 
     Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb et seq.)); 
     and

       ``(IV)(aa) has a population of 50,000 or fewer inhabitants; 
     or
       ``(bb) for a region with a population of more than 50,000 
     inhabitants, is the subject of a positive determination by 
     the Secretary with respect to a rural-in-character petition, 
     including such a petition submitted concurrently with the 
     application of the partnership for a grant under this 
     section.

       ``(2) Industry cluster.--The term `industry cluster' means 
     a broadly defined network of interconnected firms and 
     supporting institutions in related industries that accelerate 
     innovation, business formation, and job creation by taking 
     advantage of assets and strengths of a region in the business 
     environment.
       ``(3) High-wage job.--The term `high-wage job' means a job 
     that provides a wage that is greater than the median wage for 
     the applicable region, as determined by the Secretary.
       ``(4) Jobs accelerator.--The term `jobs accelerator' means 
     a jobs accelerator center or program located in or serving a 
     low-income rural community that may provide co-working space, 
     in-demand skills training, entrepreneurship support, and any 
     other services described in subsection (d)(1)(B).
       ``(5) Small and disadvantaged business.--The term `small 
     and disadvantaged business' has the meaning given the term 
     `small business concern owned and controlled by socially and 
     economically disadvantaged individuals' in section 8(d)(3)(C) 
     of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)(3)(C)).

[[Page H9893]]

       ``(b) Establishment.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a grant 
     program under which the Secretary shall award grants, on a 
     competitive basis, to eligible entities to establish jobs 
     accelerators, including related programming, that--
       ``(A) improve the ability of distressed rural communities 
     to create high-wage jobs, accelerate the formation of new 
     businesses with high-growth potential, and strengthen 
     regional economies, including by helping to build capacity in 
     the applicable region to achieve those goals; and
       ``(B) help rural communities identify and maximize local 
     assets and connect to regional opportunities, networks, and 
     industry clusters that demonstrate high growth potential.
       ``(2) Cost-sharing.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of any 
     activity carried out using a grant made under paragraph (1) 
     shall be not greater than 80 percent.
       ``(B) In-kind contributions.--The non-Federal share of the 
     total cost of any activity carried out using a grant made 
     under paragraph (1) may be in the form of donations or in-
     kind contributions of goods or services fairly valued.
       ``(3) Selection criteria.--In selecting eligible entities 
     to receive grants under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
     consider--
       ``(A) the commitment of participating core stakeholders in 
     the jobs accelerator partnership, including a demonstration 
     that--
       ``(i) investment organizations, including venture 
     development organizations, venture capital firms, revolving 
     loan funders, angel investment groups, community lenders, 
     community development financial institutions, rural business 
     investment companies, small business investment companies (as 
     defined in section 103 of the Small Business Investment Act 
     of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 662)), philanthropic organizations, and 
     other institutions focused on expanding access to capital, 
     are committed partners in the jobs accelerator partnership 
     and willing to potentially invest in projects emerging from 
     the jobs accelerator; and
       ``(ii) institutions of higher education, applied research 
     institutions, workforce development entities, and community-
     based organizations are willing to partner with the jobs 
     accelerator to provide workers with skills relevant to the 
     industry cluster needs of the region, with an emphasis on the 
     use of on-the-job training, registered apprenticeships, 
     customized training, classroom occupational training, or 
     incumbent worker training;
       ``(B) the ability of the eligible entity to provide the 
     non-Federal share as required under paragraph (2);
       ``(C) the identification of a targeted industry cluster;
       ``(D) the ability of the partnership to link rural 
     communities to markets, networks, industry clusters, and 
     other regional opportunities and assets;
       ``(E) other grants or loans of the Secretary and other 
     Federal agencies that the jobs accelerator would be able to 
     leverage; and
       ``(F) prospects for the proposed center and related 
     programming to have sustainability beyond the full maximum 
     length of assistance under this subsection, including the 
     maximum number of renewals.
       ``(4) Grant term and renewals.--
       ``(A) Term.--The initial term of a grant under paragraph 
     (1) shall be 4 years.
       ``(B) Renewal.--The Secretary may extend the term of a 
     grant under paragraph (1) for an additional period of not 
     longer than 2 years if the Secretary is satisfied, using the 
     evaluation under subsection (e)(2), that the grant recipient 
     has successfully established a jobs accelerator and related 
     programming.
       ``(5) Geographic distribution.--To the maximum extent 
     practicable, the Secretary shall provide grants under 
     paragraph (1) for jobs accelerators and related programming 
     in not fewer than 25 States at any time.
       ``(c) Grant Amount.--A grant awarded under subsection (b) 
     may be in an amount equal to--
       ``(1) not less than $500,000; and
       ``(2) not more than $2,000,000.
       ``(d) Use of Funds.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), funds from a 
     grant awarded under subsection (b) may be used--
       ``(A) to construct, purchase, or equip a building to serve 
     as an innovation center;
       ``(B) to support programs to be carried out at, or in 
     direct partnership with, the jobs accelerator that support 
     the objectives of the jobs accelerator, including--
       ``(i) linking rural communities and entrepreneurs to 
     markets, networks, industry clusters, and other regional 
     opportunities to support high-wage job creation, new business 
     formation, business expansion, and economic growth;
       ``(ii) integrating small businesses into a supply chain;
       ``(iii) creating or expanding commercialization activities 
     for new business formation;
       ``(iv) identifying and building assets in rural communities 
     that are crucial to supporting regional economies;
       ``(v) facilitating the repatriation of high-wage jobs to 
     the United States;
       ``(vi) supporting the deployment of innovative processes, 
     technologies, and products;
       ``(vii) enhancing the capacity of small businesses in 
     regional industry clusters, including small and disadvantaged 
     businesses;
       ``(viii) increasing United States exports and business 
     interaction with international buyers and suppliers;
       ``(ix) developing the skills and expertise of local 
     workforces, entrepreneurs, and institutional partners to meet 
     the needs of employers and prepare workers for high-wage jobs 
     in the identified industry clusters, including the upskilling 
     of incumbent workers;
       ``(x) ensuring rural communities have the capacity and 
     ability to carry out projects relating to housing, community 
     facilities, infrastructure, or community and economic 
     development to support regional industry cluster growth; or
       ``(xi) any other activities that the Secretary may 
     determine to be appropriate.
       ``(2) Requirement.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), not more 
     than 10 percent of a grant awarded under subsection (b) shall 
     be used for indirect costs associated with administering the 
     grant.
       ``(B) Increase.--The Secretary may increase the percentage 
     described in subparagraph (A) on a case-by-case basis.
       ``(e) Annual Activity Report and Evaluation.--Not later 
     than 1 year after receiving a grant under this section, and 
     annually thereafter for the duration of the grant, an 
     eligible entity shall--
       ``(1) report to the Secretary on the activities funded with 
     the grant; and
       ``(2)(A) evaluate the progress that the eligible entity has 
     made toward the strategic objectives identified in the 
     application for the grant; and
       ``(B) measure that progress using performance measures 
     during the project period, which may include--
       ``(i) high-wage jobs created;
       ``(ii) high-wage jobs retained;
       ``(iii) private investment leveraged;
       ``(iv) businesses improved;
       ``(v) new business formations;
       ``(vi) new products or services commercialized;
       ``(vii) improvement of the value of existing products or 
     services under development;
       ``(viii) regional collaboration, as measured by such 
     metrics as--
       ``(I) the number of organizations actively engaged in the 
     industry cluster;
       ``(II) the number of symposia held by the industry cluster, 
     including organizations that are not located in the immediate 
     region defined by the partnership; and
       ``(III) the number of further cooperative agreements;
       ``(ix) the number of education and training activities 
     relating to innovation;
       ``(x) the number of jobs relocated from outside of the 
     United States to the region;
       ``(xi) the amount and number of new equity investments in 
     industry cluster firms;
       ``(xii) the amount and number of new loans to industry 
     cluster firms;
       ``(xiii) the dollar increase in exports resulting from the 
     project activities;
       ``(xiv) the percentage of employees for which training was 
     provided;
       ``(xv) improvement in sales of participating businesses;
       ``(xvi) improvement in wages paid at participating 
     businesses;
       ``(xvii) improvement in income of participating workers; or
       ``(xviii) any other measure the Secretary determines to be 
     appropriate.
       ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 6425. DELTA REGIONAL AUTHORITY.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 382M(a) of 
     the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 
     2009aa-12(a)) is amended by striking ``2008 through 2018'' 
     and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.
       (b) Termination of Authority.--Section 382N of such Act (7 
     U.S.C. 2009aa-13) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 6426. RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT PROGRAM.

       (a) Definitions.--Section 384A of the Consolidated Farm and 
     Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009cc) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``venture''; and
       (B) by striking ``venture''; and
       (2) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
       ``(4) Equity capital.--The term `equity capital' means--
       ``(A) common or preferred stock or a similar instrument, 
     including subordinated debt with equity features; and
       ``(B) any other type of equity-like financing that might be 
     necessary to facilitate the purposes of this Act, excluding 
     financing such as senior debt or other types of financing 
     that competes with routine loanmaking of commercial 
     lenders.''.
       (b) Purposes.--Section 384B of such Act (7 U.S.C. 2009cc-1) 
     is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``venture''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``venture''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``venture''.
       (c) Selection of Rural Business Investment Companies.--
     Section 384D(b)(1) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 2009cc-3(b)(1)) is 
     amended by striking ``developmental venture'' and inserting 
     ``developmental''.
       (d) Fees.--Section 384G of such Act (7 U.S.C. 2009cc-6) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsections (a) and (b), by striking ``a fee that 
     does not exceed $500'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``such fees as the Secretary considers appropriate, so long 
     as those fees are proportionally equal for each rural 
     business investment company,''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)(2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``solely to cover the 
     costs of licensing examinations'' and inserting ``as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate''; and
       (B) by striking subparagraph (C) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(C) shall be in such amounts as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.''.
       (e) Limitation on Rural Business Investment Companies 
     Controlled by Farm Credit

[[Page H9894]]

     System Institutions.--Section 384J(c) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
     2009cc-9(c)) is amended by striking ``25'' and inserting 
     ``50''.
       (f) Flexibility on Sources of Investment or Capital.--
     Section 384J(a) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 2009cc-9(a)) is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
     appropriately;
       (2) by striking the subsection designation and heading and 
     all that follows through ``Except as'' in the matter 
     preceding subparagraph (A) (as so redesignated) and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(a) Investment.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except as''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Limitation on requirements.--The Secretary may not 
     require that an entity described in paragraph (1) provide 
     investment or capital that is not required of other companies 
     eligible to apply to operate as a rural business investment 
     company under section 384D(a).''.

     SEC. 6427. RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT PROGRAM.

       Section 384S of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 2009cc-18) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''.

 Subtitle E--Additional Amendments to the Rural Electrification Act of 
                                  1936

     SEC. 6501. AMENDMENTS TO SECTION 2 OF THE RURAL 
                   ELECTRIFICATION ACT OF 1936.

       (a) Electric Loan Refinancing.--Section 2(a) of the Rural 
     Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 902(a)) is amended by 
     striking ``loans in'' and inserting ``loans, or refinance 
     loans made by the Secretary under this Act, in''.
       (b) Technical Assistance for Rural Electrification Loans.--
     Section 2 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 902) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:
       ``(c) Technical Assistance.--Not later than 180 days after 
     the date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall 
     enter into a memorandum of understanding with the Secretary 
     of Energy under which the Secretary of Energy shall provide 
     technical assistance to the Rural Utilities Service on loans 
     to be made under subsection (a) of this section and section 
     4(a).''.

     SEC. 6502. LOANS FOR TELEPHONE SERVICE.

       Section 201 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
     U.S.C. 922) is amended--
       (1) by striking the section designation and all that 
     follows through ``From such sums'' and inserting the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 201. LOANS FOR TELEPHONE SERVICE.

       ``From such sums'';
       (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``associations:'' 
     and all that follows through ``same subscribers.'' and 
     inserting ``associations.''; and
       (3) in the sixth sentence, by striking ``, nor shall such 
     loan be made in any State'' and all that follows through 
     ``writing)'' in the seventh sentence and inserting the 
     following: ``and''.

     SEC. 6503. CUSHION OF CREDIT PAYMENTS PROGRAM.

       Section 313(a) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
     U.S.C. 940c(a)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``(1) In general.--The'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) In general.--
       ``(A) Development and promotion of program.--The''; and
       (B) by adding after and below the end the following:
       ``(B) Termination.--Effective on the date of enactment of 
     this subparagraph, no deposits may be made under subparagraph 
     (A).'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``(2) Interest.--Amounts'' and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(2) Interest.--
       ``(A) In general.--Amounts''; and
       (B) by adding after and below the end the following:
       ``(B) Reduction.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), amounts 
     in each cushion of credit account shall accrue interest to 
     the borrower at a rate equal to--
       ``(i) 4 percent per annum in fiscal year 2021; and
       ``(ii) the then applicable 1-year Treasury rate 
     thereafter.''; and
       (3) in paragraph (3)--
       (A) by striking ``(3) Balance.--A'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(3) Balance.--
       ``(A) In general.--A''; and
       (B) by after and below the end the following:
       ``(B) Prepayment.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) and 
     subject to subparagraph (C), beginning on the date of the 
     enactment of this subparagraph and ending with September 30, 
     2020, a borrower may, at the sole discretion of the borrower, 
     reduce the balance of its cushion of credit account if the 
     amount obtained from the reduction is used to prepay loans 
     made or guaranteed under this Act.
       ``(C) No prepayment premium.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of this Act, no prepayment premium shall be imposed 
     or collected with respect to that portion of a loan that is 
     prepaid by a borrower in accordance with subparagraph (B).
       ``(D) Mandatory funding.--Notwithstanding section 504 of 
     the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, out of any funds in 
     the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the Secretary of the 
     Treasury shall make available such sums as necessary to cover 
     any loan modification costs as defined in section 502 of such 
     Act.''.

     SEC. 6504. EXTENSION OF THE RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT LOAN 
                   AND GRANT PROGRAM.

       (a) Section 12(b)(3)(D) of the Rural Electrification Act of 
     1936 (7 U.S.C. 912(b)(3)(D)) is amended by striking 
     ``313(b)(2)(A)'' and inserting ``313(b)(2)''.
       (b) Section 313(b)(2) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 940c(b)(2)) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking all that precedes ``shall maintain'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(2) Rural economic development subaccount.--The 
     Secretary''; and
       (2) by striking ``the 5 percent'' and all that follows 
     through subparagraph (E) and inserting ``5 percent.''.
       (c) Title III of such Act (7 U.S.C. 931-940h) is amended by 
     inserting after section 313A the following:

     ``SEC. 313B. RURAL DEVELOPMENT LOANS AND GRANTS.

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall provide grants or 
     zero interest loans to borrowers under this Act for the 
     purpose of promoting rural economic development and job 
     creation projects, including funding for project feasibility 
     studies, start-up costs, incubator projects, and other 
     reasonable expenses for the purpose of fostering rural 
     development.
       ``(b) Repayments.--In the case of zero interest loans, the 
     Secretary shall establish such reasonable repayment terms as 
     will encourage borrower participation.
       ``(c) Proceeds.--All proceeds from the repayment of such 
     loans made under this section shall be returned to the 
     subaccount that the Secretary shall maintain in accordance 
     with sections 313(b)(2) and 313B(f).
       ``(d) Number of Grants.--Loans and grants required under 
     this section shall be made to the full extent of the amounts 
     made available under subsection (e).
       ``(e) Funding.--
       ``(1) Discretionary funding.--In addition to other funds 
     that are available to carry out this section, there is 
     authorized to be appropriated not more than $10,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023 to carry out this 
     section, to remain available until expended.
       ``(2) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity 
     Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall credit to the 
     subaccount to use for the cost of grants and loans under this 
     section $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 and 2023, to 
     remain available until expended.
       ``(3) Other funds.--In addition to the funds described in 
     paragraphs (1) and (2), the Secretary shall use, without 
     fiscal year limitation, to provide grants and loans under 
     this section--
       ``(A) the interest differential sums credited to the 
     subaccount described in subsection (c); and
       ``(B) subject to section 313A(e)(2), the fees described in 
     subsection (c)(4) of such section.
       ``(f) Maintenance of Account.--The Secretary shall maintain 
     the subaccount described in section 313(b)(2), as in effect 
     in fiscal year 2017, for purposes of carrying out this 
     section.''.
       (d) Section 313A of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 
     (7 U.S.C. 940c-1) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)(4)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``maintained under 
     section 313(b)(2)(A)'' and inserting ``that shall be 
     maintained as required by sections 313(b)(2) and 313B(f)''; 
     and
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``313(b)(2)(B)'' and 
     inserting ``313(b)(2)''; and
       (2) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``maintained under 
     section 313(b)(2)(A)'' and inserting ``required to be 
     maintained by sections 313(b)(2) and 313B(f)''.
       (e)(1) Subject to section 313B(e) of the Rural 
     Electrification Act of 1936 (as added by this section), the 
     Secretary of Agriculture shall carry out the loan and grant 
     program required under such section in the same manner as the 
     loan and grant program under section 313(b)(2) of such Act is 
     carried out on the day before the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, until such time as any regulations necessary to 
     carry out the amendments made by this section are fully 
     implemented.
       (2) Paragraph (1) shall take effect on the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 6505. GUARANTEES FOR BONDS AND NOTES ISSUED FOR 
                   ELECTRIFICATION OR TELEPHONE PURPOSES.

       (a) In General.--Section 313A of the Rural Electrification 
     Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 940c-1) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``Subject to'' and inserting the following:
       ``(1) Guarantees.--Subject to'';
       (B) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by striking 
     ``basis'' and all that follows through the period at the end 
     and inserting ``basis, if the proceeds of the bonds or notes 
     are used to make utility infrastructure loans, or refinance 
     bonds or notes issued for those purposes, to a borrower that 
     has at any time received, or is eligible to receive, a loan 
     under this Act.''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Terms.--A bond or note guaranteed under this section 
     shall, by agreement between the Secretary and the borrower--
       ``(A) be for a term of 30 years (or another term of years 
     that the Secretary determines is appropriate); and
       ``(B) be repaid by the borrower--
       ``(i) in periodic installments of principal and interest;
       ``(ii) in periodic installments of interest and, at the end 
     of the term of the bond or note, as applicable, by the 
     repayment of the outstanding principal; or
       ``(iii) through a combination of the methods described in 
     clauses (i) and (ii).'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``electrification'' and 
     all that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
     ``purposes described in subsection (a)(1).'';
       (B) by striking paragraph (2);
       (C) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
     (2) and (3), respectively; and
       (D) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``for electrification 
     or telephone purposes'' and inserting ``for eligible purposes 
     described in subsection (a)(1)''; and

[[Page H9895]]

       (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``subsection (a)'' 
     and inserting ``subsection (a)(1)''; and
       (3) in subsection (f), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.
       (b) Administration.--Beginning on the date of enactment of 
     the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary shall 
     continue to carry out section 313A of the Rural 
     Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 940c-1) (as amended by 
     subsection (a)) under a Notice of Solicitation of 
     Applications until the date on which any regulations 
     necessary to carry out the amendments made by subsection (a) 
     are fully implemented.

     SEC. 6506. EXPANSION OF 911 ACCESS.

       Section 315 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
     U.S.C. 940e) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``commercial or 
     transportation'' and inserting ``critical transportation-
     related''; and
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 6507. CYBERSECURITY AND GRID SECURITY IMPROVEMENTS.

       Title III of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
     U.S.C. 931 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 319. CYBERSECURITY AND GRID SECURITY IMPROVEMENTS.

       ``(a) Definition of Cybersecurity and Grid Security 
     Improvements.--In this section, the term `cybersecurity and 
     grid security improvements' means investment in the 
     development, expansion, and modernization of rural utility 
     infrastructure that addresses known cybersecurity and grid 
     security risks.
       ``(b) Loans and Loan Guarantees.--The Secretary may make or 
     guarantee loans under this title and title I for 
     cybersecurity and grid security improvements.''.

                      Subtitle F--Program Repeals

     SEC. 6601. ELIMINATION OF UNFUNDED PROGRAMS.

       (a) Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act.--
       (1) Repealers.--The following provisions of the 
     Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act are hereby 
     repealed:
       (A) Section 306(a)(23) (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(23)).
       (B) Section 310B(f) (7 U.S.C. 1932(f)).
       (C) Section 379 (7 U.S.C. 2008n).
       (D) Section 379A (7 U.S.C. 2008o).
       (E) Section 379C (7 U.S.C. 2008q).
       (F) Section 379D (7 U.S.C. 2008r).
       (G) Section 379F (7 U.S.C. 2008t).
       (H) Subtitle I (7 U.S.C. 2009dd-2009dd-7).
       (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 333A(h) of such Act (7 
     U.S.C. 1983a(h)) is amended by striking ``310B(f),''.
       (b) Rural Electrification Act of 1936.--Section 314 of the 
     Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 940d) is hereby 
     repealed.

     SEC. 6602. REPEAL OF RURAL TELEPHONE BANK.

       (a) Repeal.--Title IV of the Rural Electrification Act of 
     1936 (7 U.S.C. 941-950b) is repealed.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section 18 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 918) is amended in 
     each of subsections (a) and (b) by striking ``and the 
     Governor of the telephone bank''.
       (2) Section 204 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 925) is amended by 
     striking ``and the Governor of the telephone bank''.
       (3) Section 205(a) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 926) is amended--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``and the Governor of the telephone bank''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or the Governor of the 
     telephone bank''.
       (4) Section 206(a) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 927(a)) is 
     amended--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``and the Governor of the telephone bank'';
       (B) by striking paragraph (1);
       (C) in paragraph (4), by striking ``or 408''; and
       (D) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as 
     paragraphs (1) through (3), respectively.
       (5) Section 206(b) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 927(b)) is 
     amended--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``and the Governor of the telephone bank'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, or a Rural Telephone 
     Bank loan,''; and
       (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``, the Rural Telephone 
     Bank,''.
       (6) Section 207(1) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 928(1)) is 
     amended--
       (A) by striking ``305,'' and inserting ``305 or''; and
       (B) by striking ``, or a loan under section 408,''.
       (7) Section 301 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 931) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``except for net 
     collection proceeds previously appropriated for the purchase 
     of class A stock in the Rural Telephone Bank,'';
       (B) by adding ``or'' at the end of paragraph (4);
       (C) by striking ``; and'' at the end of paragraph (5) and 
     inserting a period; and
       (D) by striking paragraph (6).
       (8) Section 305(d)(2)(B) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
     935(d)(2)(B)) is amended--
       (A) in clause (i), by striking ``and a loan under section 
     408''; and
       (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``and under section 408'' 
     each place it appears.
       (9) Section 305(d)(3)(C) of such Act (7 U.S.C. 
     935(d)(3)(C)) is amended by striking ``and section 
     408(b)(4)(C), the Secretary and the Governor of the telephone 
     bank'' and inserting ``the Secretary''.
       (10) Section 306 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 936) is amended by 
     striking ``the Rural Telephone Bank, National Rural Utilities 
     Cooperative Finance Corporation,'' and inserting ``the 
     National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corporation''.
       (11) Section 309 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 739) is amended by 
     striking the last sentence.
       (12) Section 2352(b) of the Food, Agriculture, 
     Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 901 note) is 
     amended by striking ``the Rural Telephone Bank and''.
       (13) The first section of Public Law 92-12 (7 U.S.C. 921a) 
     is repealed.
       (14) The first section of Public Law 92-324 (7 U.S.C. 921b) 
     is repealed.
       (15) Section 1414 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act 
     of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 944a) is repealed.
       (16) Section 1411 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act 
     of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 948 notes) is amended by striking 
     subsections (a) and (b).
       (17) Section 3.8(b)(1)(A) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
     (12 U.S.C. 2129(b)(1)(A)) is amended by striking ``or a loan 
     or loan commitment from the Rural Telephone Bank,''.
       (18) Section 105(d) of the National Consumer Cooperative 
     Bank Act (12 U.S.C. 3015(d)) is amended by striking ``the 
     Rural Telephone Bank,''.
       (19) Section 9101 of title 31, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (H) and 
     redesignating subparagraphs (I), (J), and (K) as 
     subparagraphs (H), (I), and (J), respectively; and
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking subparagraphs (K) and (O) 
     and redesignating subparagraphs (L) through (N) and (P) 
     through (R) as subparagraphs (K) through (P), respectively.
       (20) Section 9108(d)(2) of title 31, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``the Rural Telephone Bank (when the 
     ownership, control, and operation of the Bank are converted 
     under section 410(a) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 
     (7 U.S.C. 950(a))),''.

     SEC. 6603. AMENDMENTS TO LOCAL TV ACT.

       The Launching Our Communities' Access to Local Television 
     Act of 2000 (title X of H.R. 5548 of the 106th Congress, as 
     enacted by section 1(a)(2) of Public Law 106-553; 114 Stat. 
     2762A-128) is amended--
       (1) by striking the title heading and inserting the 
     following:

       ``TITLE X--SATELLITE CARRIER RETRANSMISSION ELIGIBILITY'';

       (2) by striking sections 1001 through 1007 and 1009 through 
     1012; and
       (3) by redesignating section 1008 as section 1001.

                   Subtitle G--Technical Corrections

     SEC. 6701. CORRECTIONS RELATING TO THE CONSOLIDATED FARM AND 
                   RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACT.

       (a)(1) Section 306(a)(19)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and 
     Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(19)(A)) is amended by 
     inserting after ``nonprofit corporations'' the following: ``, 
     Indian Tribes (as defined in section 4(e) of the Indian Self-
     Determination and Education Assistance Act)''.
       (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect 
     as if included in section 773 of the Agriculture, Rural 
     Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related 
     Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 (H.R. 5426 of the 106th 
     Congress, as enacted by Public Law 106-387 (114 Stat. 1549A-
     45)) in lieu of the amendment made by such section.
       (b)(1) Section 309A(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1929a(b)) is amended by striking 
     ``and section 308''.
       (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect 
     as if included in the enactment of section 661(c)(2) of the 
     Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 
     (Public Law 104-127).
       (c) Section 310B(c)(3)(A)(v) of the Consolidated Farm and 
     Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(c)(3)(A)(v)) is amended 
     by striking ``and'' after the semicolon and inserting ``or''.
       (d)(1) Section 310B(e)(5)(F) of the Consolidated Farm and 
     Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(e)(5)(F)) is amended by 
     inserting ``, except that the Secretary shall not require 
     non-Federal financial support in an amount that is greater 
     than 5 percent in the case of a 1994 institution (as defined 
     in section 532 of the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status 
     Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 103-382))'' before 
     the period at the end.
       (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect 
     as if included in the enactment of section 6015 of the Farm 
     Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-
     171).
       (e)(1) Section 381E(d)(3) of the Consolidated Farm and 
     Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009d(d)(3)) is amended by 
     striking subparagraph (A) and redesignating subparagraphs (B) 
     and (C) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively.
       (2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect 
     as if included in the enactment of section 6012(b) of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79).
       (f)(1) Section 382A of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009aa) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(4) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the State 
     of Alabama shall be a full member of the Delta Regional 
     Authority and shall be entitled to all rights and privileges 
     that said membership affords to all other participating 
     States in the Delta Regional Authority.''.
       (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect 
     as if included in the enactment of section 153(b) of division 
     B of H.R. 5666, as introduced in the 106th Congress, and as 
     enacted by section 1(4) of the Consolidated Appropriations 
     Act, 2001 (Appendix D of Public Law 106-554; 114 Stat. 2763A-
     252).
       (g) Section 382E(a)(1)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and 
     Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C.2009aa-4(a)(1)(B)) is amended 
     by moving clause (iv) 2 ems to the right.

[[Page H9896]]

       (h) Section 383G(c) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009bb-5(c)) is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading by striking 
     ``Telecommunication Renewable Energy,,'' and inserting 
     ``Telecommunication, Renewable Energy,''; and
       (2) in the text, by striking ``,,'' and inserting a comma.

     SEC. 6702. CORRECTIONS RELATING TO THE RURAL ELECTRIFICATION 
                   ACT OF 1936.

       Section 201 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
     U.S.C. 922) is amended--
       (1) in the 3rd sentence by striking ``wildest'' and 
     inserting ``widest''; and
       (2) in the 6th sentence, by striking ``centifies'' and 
     inserting ``certifies''.

          TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

     SEC. 7101. PURPOSES OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND 
                   EDUCATION.

       Section 1402 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3101) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (8), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(9) support international collaboration that leverages 
     resources and advances priority food and agricultural 
     interests of the United States, such as--
       ``(A) addressing emerging plant and animal diseases;
       ``(B) improving crop varieties and animal breeds; and
       ``(C) developing safe, efficient, and nutritious food 
     systems.''.

     SEC. 7102. MATTERS RELATED TO CERTAIN SCHOOL DESIGNATIONS AND 
                   DECLARATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Section 1404(14) of the National 
     Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
     1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103(14)) is amended--
       (1) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
       ``(A) In general.--
       ``(i) Definition.--The terms `NLGCA Institution' and `non-
     land-grant college of agriculture' mean a public college or 
     university offering a baccalaureate or higher degree in the 
     study of agricultural sciences, forestry, or both in any area 
     of study specified in clause (ii).
       ``(ii) Clarification.--For purposes of clause (i), an area 
     of study specified in this clause is any of the following:

       ``(I) Agriculture.
       ``(II) Agricultural business and management.
       ``(III) Agricultural economics.
       ``(IV) Agricultural mechanization.
       ``(V) Agricultural production operations.
       ``(VI) Aquaculture.
       ``(VII) Agricultural and food products processing.
       ``(VIII) Agricultural and domestic animal services.
       ``(IX) Equestrian or equine studies.
       ``(X) Applied horticulture or horticulture operations.
       ``(XI) Ornamental horticulture.
       ``(XII) Greenhouse operations and management.
       ``(XIII) Turf and turfgrass management.
       ``(XIV) Plant nursery operations and management.
       ``(XV) Floriculture or floristry operations and management.
       ``(XVI) International agriculture.
       ``(XVII) Agricultural public services.
       ``(XVIII) Agricultural and extension education services.
       ``(XIX) Agricultural communication or agricultural 
     journalism.
       ``(XX) Animal sciences.
       ``(XXI) Food science.
       ``(XXII) Plant sciences.
       ``(XXIII) Soil sciences.
       ``(XXIV) Forestry.
       ``(XXV) Forest sciences and biology.
       ``(XXVI) Natural resources or conservation.
       ``(XXVII) Natural resources management and policy.
       ``(XXVIII) Natural resource economics.
       ``(XXIX) Urban forestry.
       ``(XXX) Wood science and wood products or pulp or paper 
     technology.
       ``(XXXI) Range science and management.
       ``(XXXII) Agricultural engineering.
       ``(XXXIII) Any other area, as determined appropriate by the 
     Secretary.''; and

       (2) in subparagraph (C)--
       (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting ``any 
     institution designated under'' after ``include'';
       (B) by striking clause (i); and
       (C) in clause (ii)--
       (i) by striking ``(ii) any institution designated under--
     '';
       (ii) by striking subclause (IV);
       (iii) in subclause (II), by adding ``or'' at the end;
       (iv) in subclause (III), by striking ``; or'' at the end 
     and inserting a period; and
       (v) by redesignating subclauses (I), (II), and (III) (as so 
     amended) as clauses (i), (ii), and (iii), respectively, and 
     by moving the margins of such clauses (as so redesignated) 
     two ems to the left.
       (b) Designation Review.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a 
     process to review each designated NLGCA Institution (as 
     defined in section 1404(14)(A) of the National Agricultural 
     Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
     U.S.C. 3103(14)(A))) to ensure compliance with such section, 
     as amended by this subsection.
       (2) Revocation.--An NLGCA Institution that the Secretary 
     determines under subparagraph (A) to be not in compliance 
     shall have the designation of such institution revoked.

     SEC. 7103. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, 
                   EDUCATION, AND ECONOMICS ADVISORY BOARD.

       Section 1408 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3123) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``25'' and inserting 
     ``15''; and
       (B) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
       ``(3) Membership categories.--The Advisory Board shall 
     consist of members from each of the following categories:
       ``(A) 3 members representing national farm or producer 
     organizations, which may include members--
       ``(i) representing farm cooperatives;
       ``(ii) who are producers actively engaged in the production 
     of a food animal commodity and who are recommended by a 
     coalition of national livestock organizations;
       ``(iii) who are producers actively engaged in the 
     production of a plant commodity and who are recommended by a 
     coalition of national crop organizations; or
       ``(iv) who are producers actively engaged in aquaculture 
     and who are recommended by a coalition of national 
     aquacultural organizations.
       ``(B) 2 members representing academic or research 
     societies, which may include members representing--
       ``(i) a national food animal science society;
       ``(ii) a national crop, soil, agronomy, horticulture, plant 
     pathology, or weed science society;
       ``(iii) a national food science organization;
       ``(iv) a national human health association; or
       ``(v) a national nutritional science society.
       ``(C) 5 members representing agricultural research, 
     extension, and education, which shall include each of the 
     following:
       ``(i) 1 member representing the land-grant colleges and 
     universities eligible to receive funds under the Act of July 
     2, 1862 (7 U.S.C. 301 et seq.).
       ``(ii) 1 member representing the land-grant colleges and 
     universities eligible to receive funds under the Act of 
     August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.), including Tuskegee 
     University.
       ``(iii) 1 member representing the 1994 Institutions (as 
     defined in section 532 of the Equity in Educational Land-
     Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 103-
     382)).
       ``(iv) 1 member representing NLGCA Institutions or 
     Hispanic-serving institutions.
       ``(v) 1 member representing American colleges of veterinary 
     medicine.
       ``(D) 5 members representing industry, consumer, or rural 
     interests, including members representing--
       ``(i) entities engaged in transportation of food and 
     agricultural products to domestic and foreign markets;
       ``(ii) food retailing and marketing interests;
       ``(iii) food and fiber processors;
       ``(iv) rural economic development interests;
       ``(v) a national consumer interest group;
       ``(vi) a national forestry group;
       ``(vii) a national conservation or natural resource group;
       ``(viii) a national social science association;
       ``(ix) private sector organizations involved in 
     international development; or
       ``(x) a national association of agricultural economists.'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``review and'' and inserting ``make recommendations, review, 
     and'';
       (ii) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
     following new subparagraph:
       ``(A) long-term and short-term national policies and 
     priorities consistent with the--
       ``(i) purposes specified in section 1402 for agricultural 
     research, extension, education, and economics; and
       ``(ii) priority areas of the Agriculture and Food Research 
     Initiative specified in subsection (b)(2) of the Competitive, 
     Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
     3157(b)(2));''; and
       (iii) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
       ``(B) the annual establishment of national priorities that 
     are in accordance with the priority areas of the Agriculture 
     and Food Research Initiative specified in subsection (b)(2) 
     of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 3157(b)(2)).'';
       (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and make 
     recommendations to the Secretary based on such evaluation'' 
     after ``priorities''; and
       (C) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``and make 
     recommendations on'' after ``review''; and
       (3) in subsection (h), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 7104. SPECIALTY CROP COMMITTEE.

       Section 1408A(a)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
     3123a(a)(2)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``speciality'' and 
     inserting ``specialty'';
       (2) in subparagraph (B)--
       (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking ``9'' 
     and inserting ``11''; and
       (B) in clause (i), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
     ``Five''; and
       (3) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 7105. RENEWABLE ENERGY COMMITTEE DISCONTINUED.

       Subtitle B of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of

[[Page H9897]]

     1977 (7 U.S.C. 3121 et seq.) is amended by striking section 
     1408B. 

     SEC. 7106. VETERINARY SERVICES GRANT PROGRAM.

       Section 1415B of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3151b) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d)(1), by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(F) To expose students in grades 11 and 12 to education 
     and career opportunities in food animal medicine.''; and
       (2) in subsection (h)--
       (A) by striking the subsection designation and heading and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--
       ``(1) In general.--''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Priority.--From amounts made available for grants 
     under this section, the Secretary shall prioritize grant 
     awards for programs or activities with a focus on the 
     practice of food animal medicine. ''.

     SEC. 7107. GRANTS AND FELLOWSHIPS FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 
                   SCIENCES EDUCATION.

       Section 1417(m)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
     3152(m)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 7108. AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD POLICY RESEARCH CENTERS.

       Section 1419A(e) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3155(e)) 
     is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7109. EDUCATION GRANTS TO ALASKA NATIVE SERVING 
                   INSTITUTIONS AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN SERVING 
                   INSTITUTIONS.

       Section 1419B of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3156) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7110. NEXT GENERATION AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY CHALLENGE.

       Subtitle C of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3151 et 
     seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 1419C. NEXT GENERATION AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY 
                   CHALLENGE.

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a next 
     generation agriculture technology challenge competition to 
     provide an incentive for the development of innovative mobile 
     technology that removes barriers to entry in the marketplace 
     for beginning farmers and ranchers (as defined in subsection 
     (a) of section 2501 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
     and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279)).
       ``(b) Amount.--The Secretary may award not more than 
     $1,000,000 in the aggregate to 1 or more winners of the 
     competition under subsection (a).''.

     SEC. 7111. LAND-GRANT DESIGNATION.

       Subtitle C of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3151 et 
     seq.), as amended by section 7110, is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following new section:

     ``SEC. 1419D. LAND-GRANT DESIGNATION.

       ``(a) Prohibition on Designation.--
       ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law and except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), 
     beginning on the date of the enactment of this section, no 
     additional entity may be designated as eligible to receive 
     funds under a covered program.
       ``(2) 1994 institutions.--The prohibition under paragraph 
     (1) with respect to the designation of an entity eligible to 
     receive funds under a covered program shall not apply in the 
     case of the certification of a 1994 Institution under section 
     2 of Public Law 87-788 (commonly known as the ``McIntire-
     Stennis Cooperative Forestry Act'') (16 U.S.C. 582a-1).
       ``(3) Extraordinary circumstances.--In the case of 
     extraordinary circumstances or a situation that would lead to 
     an inequitable result, as determined by the Secretary, the 
     Secretary may determine that an entity designated after the 
     date of enactment of this section is eligible to receive 
     funds under a covered program.
       ``(b) State Funding.--No State shall receive an increase in 
     funding under a covered program as a result of the State's 
     designation of additional entities as eligible to receive 
     such funding.
       ``(c) Covered Program Defined.--For purposes of this 
     section, the term `covered program' means agricultural 
     research, extension, education, and related programs or 
     grants established or available under any of the following:
       ``(1) Subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 3 of the 
     Smith-Lever Act (7 U.S.C. 343).
       ``(2) The Hatch Act of 1887 (7 U.S.C. 361a et seq.).
       ``(3) Sections 1444, 1445, and 1447.
       ``(4) Public Law 87-788 (commonly known as the McIntire-
     Stennis Cooperative Forestry Act; 16 U.S.C. 582a et seq.).
       ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
     be construed as limiting eligibility for a capacity and 
     infrastructure program specified in section 251(f)(1)(C) of 
     the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 
     U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(C)) that is not a covered program.''.

     SEC. 7112. NUTRITION EDUCATION PROGRAM.

       Section 1425 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3175) is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g);
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following:
       ``(f) Coordination.--Projects carried out with funds made 
     available under section 3(d) of the Act of May 8, 1914 (7 
     U.S.C. 343(d)), to carry out the program established under 
     subsection (b) may be coordinated with the nutrition 
     education and obesity prevention grant program under section 
     28 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2036a) or 
     another health promotion or nutrition improvement strategy, 
     whether publicly or privately funded, as determined by the 
     Secretary.''; and
       (3) in subsection (g) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7113. CONTINUING ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH 
                   PROGRAMS.

       Section 1433(c)(1) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
     3195(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 7114. CARRYOVER OF FUNDS FOR EXTENSION AT 1890 LAND-
                   GRANT COLLEGES, INCLUDING TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY.

       Section 1444(a) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3221(a)) 
     is amended by striking paragraph (4).

     SEC. 7115. EXTENSION AND AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AT 1890 LAND-
                   GRANT COLLEGES, INCLUDING TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY.

       (a) Extension.--Section 1444(b) of the National 
     Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
     1977 (7 U.S.C. 3221(b)) is amended--
       (1) in the undesignated matter following paragraph (2)(B)--
       (A) by striking ``paragraph (2) of this subsection'' and 
     inserting ``this paragraph''; and
       (B) by striking ``In computing'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(C) In computing'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Of the remainder'' 
     and inserting ``Except as provided in paragraph (4), of the 
     remainder''; and
       (B) by striking ``(2) any funds'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(3) Additional amount.--Any funds'';
       (3) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``are allocated'' and inserting ``were 
     allocated''; and
       (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting ``, as so 
     designated as of that date.'';
       (4) by striking ``(b) Beginning'' in the matter preceding 
     paragraph (1) and all that follows through ``any funds'' in 
     paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
       ``(b) Distribution of Funds.--
       ``(1) In general.--Funds made available under this section 
     shall be distributed among eligible institutions in 
     accordance with this subsection.
       ``(2) Base amount.--Any funds''; and
       (5) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Special amounts.--
       ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
       ``(i) Covered fiscal year.--The term `covered fiscal year' 
     means the fiscal year for which the qualified eligible 
     institution first received an allocation of $3,000,000 under 
     subparagraph (B)(i).
       ``(ii) Other eligible institution.--The term `other 
     eligible institution' means an eligible institution, other 
     than the qualified eligible institution, receiving an 
     allocation of funds under this section.
       ``(iii) Qualified eligible institution.--The term 
     `qualified eligible institution' means the eligible 
     institution described in subparagraph (B)(i).
       ``(B) Fiscal year 2019, 2020, 2021, or 2022.--
       ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), for 1 of fiscal 
     year 2019, 2020, 2021, or 2022, if the calculation under 
     paragraph (3)(B) would result in a distribution for a fiscal 
     year of less than $3,000,000 to an eligible institution that 
     first received funds under this section on a date occurring 
     after the date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
     (Public Law 113-79; 128 Stat. 649) and before September 30, 
     2018, that institution shall receive an allocation of 
     $3,000,000 for that fiscal year.
       ``(ii) Limitation.--Clause (i) shall apply only if amounts 
     are appropriated under this section in an amount sufficient 
     to provide that each other eligible institution receiving an 
     allocation of funds under this section for fiscal year 2019, 
     2020, 2021, or 2022, as applicable, receives not less than 
     the amount of funds received by that other eligible 
     institution under this section for the preceding fiscal year.
       ``(C) Subsequent fiscal years.--
       ``(i) Minimum additional funding amounts.--Subject to 
     clauses (ii) and (iii), for each fiscal year following the 
     covered fiscal year--

       ``(I) the qualified eligible institution shall receive an 
     allocation under this subsection of at least $3,000,000; and
       ``(II) each other eligible institution shall receive an 
     allocation under this subsection of at least the amount 
     received by such other eligible institution under this 
     subsection for the covered fiscal year.

       ``(ii) Shortfall of special amounts.--

       ``(I) Applicability.--This clause shall apply to any fiscal 
     year following the covered fiscal year and for which the 
     total amount appropriated under this section is insufficient 
     to provide for the minimum additional funding amounts 
     described in clause (i).
       ``(II) Reductions in allocations.--In the case of a fiscal 
     year to which this clause applies, reductions in allocations 
     shall be made proportionally from the qualified eligible 
     institution and from each other eligible institution based on 
     the increased amounts (if any) that the qualified eligible 
     institution and each other eligible institution were 
     allocated for the covered fiscal year as compared to the 
     fiscal year immediately preceding the covered fiscal year.

       ``(iii) Effect of census.--Clauses (i) and (ii) shall not 
     apply in any fiscal year for which a

[[Page H9898]]

     shortfall in the minimum additional funding amounts described 
     in clause (i) is attributable to the incorporation of new 
     census data into the calculation under paragraph (3), as 
     determined by the Secretary.''.
       (b) Research.--Section 1445(b) of the National Agricultural 
     Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
     U.S.C. 3222(b)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) Special amounts.--
       ``(i) Definitions.--In this subparagraph:

       ``(I) Covered fiscal year.--The term `covered fiscal year' 
     means the fiscal year for which the qualified eligible 
     institution first received an allocation of $3,000,000 under 
     clause (ii)(I).
       ``(II) Other eligible institution.--The term `other 
     eligible institution' means an eligible institution, other 
     than the qualified eligible institution, receiving an 
     allocation of funds under this section.
       ``(III) Qualified eligible institution.--The term 
     `qualified eligible institution' means the eligible 
     institution described in clause (ii)(I).

       ``(ii) Fiscal year 2019, 2020, 2021, or 2022.--

       ``(I) In general.--Subject to subclause (II), for 1 of 
     fiscal year 2019, 2020, 2021, or 2022, if the calculation 
     under subparagraph (C) would result in a distribution for a 
     fiscal year of less than $3,000,000 to an eligible 
     institution that first received funds under this section on a 
     date occurring after the date of enactment of the 
     Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79; 128 Stat. 649) 
     and before September 30, 2018, that institution shall receive 
     an allocation of $3,000,000 for that fiscal year.
       ``(II) Limitation.--Subclause (I) shall apply only if 
     amounts are appropriated under this section in an amount 
     sufficient to provide that each other eligible institution 
     receiving an allocation of funds under this section for 
     fiscal year 2019, 2020, 2021, or 2022, as applicable, 
     receives not less than the amount of funds received by that 
     other eligible institution under this section for the 
     preceding fiscal year.

       ``(iii) Subsequent fiscal years.--

       ``(I) Minimum additional funding amounts.--Subject to 
     subclauses (II) and (III), for each fiscal year following the 
     covered fiscal year--

       ``(aa) the qualified eligible institution shall receive an 
     allocation under this paragraph of at least $3,000,000; and
       ``(bb) each other eligible institution shall receive an 
     allocation under this paragraph of at least the amount 
     received by such other eligible institution under this 
     subsection for the covered fiscal year.

       ``(II) Shortfall of special amounts.--

       ``(aa) Applicability.--This subclause shall apply to any 
     fiscal year following the covered fiscal year and for which 
     the total amount appropriated under this subsection is 
     insufficient to provide for the minimum additional funding 
     amounts described in subclause (I).
       ``(bb) Reductions in allocations.--In the case of a fiscal 
     year to which this subclause applies, reductions in 
     allocations shall be made proportionally from the qualified 
     eligible institution and from each other eligible institution 
     based on the increased amounts (if any) that the qualified 
     eligible institution and each other eligible institution were 
     allocated for the covered fiscal year as compared to the 
     fiscal year immediately preceding the covered fiscal year.

       ``(III) Effect of census.--Subclauses (I) and (II) shall 
     not apply in any fiscal year for which a shortfall in the 
     minimum additional funding amounts described in subclause (I) 
     is attributable to the incorporation of new census data into 
     the calculation under paragraph (3)(C), as determined by the 
     Secretary.'';

       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(B) Of funds'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(C) Additional amount.--Except as provided in 
     subparagraph (D), of funds'';
       (C) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by striking ``are allocated'' and inserting ``were 
     allocated'';
       (ii) by inserting ``, as so designated as of that date'' 
     before the period at the end; and
       (iii) by striking ``(A) Funds'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(B) Base amount.--Funds''; and
       (D) in the matter preceding subparagraph (B) (as so 
     designated), by striking ``(2) The'' and all that follows 
     through ``follows:'' and inserting the following:
       ``(3) Distributions.--
       ``(A) In general.--After allocating amounts under paragraph 
     (2), the remainder shall be allotted among the eligible 
     institutions in accordance with this paragraph.'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``(1) Three per centum'' 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(2) Administration.--3 percent''; and
       (3) in the matter preceding paragraph (2) (as so 
     designated), by striking ``(b) Beginning'' and all that 
     follows through ``follows:'' and inserting the following:
       ``(b) Distribution of Funds.--
       ``(1) In general.--Funds made available under this section 
     shall be distributed among eligible institutions in 
     accordance with this subsection.''.

     SEC. 7116. REPORTS ON DISBURSEMENT OF FUNDS FOR AGRICULTURAL 
                   RESEARCH AND EXTENSION AT 1862 AND 1890 LAND-
                   GRANT COLLEGES, INCLUDING TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY.

       Not later than September 30, 2019, and each year 
     thereafter, the Secretary shall annually submit to Congress a 
     report describing the allocations made to, and matching funds 
     received by, 1890 Institutions and 1862 Institutions (as 
     those terms are defined in section 2 of the Agricultural 
     Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 
     U.S.C. 7601) for each of the agricultural research, 
     extension, education, and related programs established 
     under--
       (1) section 1444 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3221);
       (2) section 1445 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222);
       (3) subsections (b) and (c) of section 3 of the Smith-Lever 
     Act (7 U.S.C. 343); and
       (4) the Hatch Act of 1887 (7 U.S.C. 361a et seq.).

     SEC. 7117. SCHOLARSHIPS FOR STUDENTS AT 1890 INSTITUTIONS.

       Subtitle G of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 is amended by 
     inserting after section 1445 (7 U.S.C. 3222) the following 
     new section:

     ``SEC. 1446. SCHOLARSHIPS FOR STUDENTS AT 1890 INSTITUTIONS.

       ``(a) In General.--
       ``(1) Scholarship grant program established.--The Secretary 
     shall make grants to each college or university eligible to 
     receive funds under the Act of August 30, 1890 (commonly 
     known as the Second Morrill Act; 7 U.S.C. 322 et seq.), 
     including Tuskegee University, for purposes of awarding 
     scholarships to individuals who--
       ``(A) have been accepted for admission at such college or 
     university;
       ``(B) will be enrolled at such college or university not 
     later than one year after the date of such acceptance; and
       ``(C) intend to pursue a career in the food and 
     agricultural sciences, including a career in--
       ``(i) agribusiness;
       ``(ii) energy and renewable fuels; or
       ``(iii) financial management.
       ``(2) Condition.--The Secretary may only award a grant 
     under this subsection to a college or university described in 
     paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that such college 
     or university has established a competitive scholarship 
     awards process for the award of scholarships to individuals 
     described in such paragraph.
       ``(3) Annual limitation.--Of the funds made available under 
     subsection (b)(1), the Secretary may use not more than 
     $10,000,000 to award grants under this subsection for the 
     academic year beginning on July 1, 2020, and each of the 
     three succeeding academic years.
       ``(4) Amount of grant.--Each grant made under this section 
     shall be in an amount of not less than $500,000.
       ``(b) Funding.--
       ``(1) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity 
     Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall make available to 
     carry out this section $40,000,000 not later than October 1, 
     2019, to remain available until expended.
       ``(2) Discretionary funding.--In addition to amounts made 
     available under paragraph (1), there is authorized to be 
     appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each 
     of fiscal years 2020 through 2023.
       ``(3) Administrative expenses.--Of the funds made available 
     under paragraphs (1) and (2) to carry out this section for a 
     fiscal year, not more than 4 percent may be used for expenses 
     related to administering the program under this section.
       ``(c) Report.--Beginning on the date that is two years 
     after the date on which the first grant is awarded under 
     subsection (a), and every two years thereafter, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
     and Forestry of the Senate a report detailing--
       ``(1) the amount of funds provided to each eligible college 
     or university under this section;
       ``(2) the number of scholarships awarded under each grant 
     each fiscal year; and
       ``(3) the amount of each such scholarship.''.

     SEC. 7118. GRANTS TO UPGRADE AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD SCIENCES 
                   FACILITIES AT 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGES, 
                   INCLUDING TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY.

       Section 1447(b) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
     3222b(b)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 7119. GRANTS TO UPGRADE AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SCIENCES 
                   FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT AT INSULAR AREA LAND-
                   GRANT INSTITUTIONS.

       Section 1447B(d) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222b-
     2(d)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7120. NEW BEGINNING FOR TRIBAL STUDENTS.

       Subtitle G of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3221 et 
     seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 1450. NEW BEGINNING FOR TRIBAL STUDENTS.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian tribe' has the 
     meaning given such term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
     Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304)).
       ``(2) Land-grant college or university.--The term `land-
     grant college or university' includes a 1994 Institution (as 
     defined in section 532 of the Equity in Educational Land-
     Grant Status Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-382; 7 U.S.C. 301 
     note)).
       ``(3) Tribal student.--The term `Tribal student' means a 
     student at a land-grant college or university that is a 
     member of an Indian tribe.
       ``(b) New Beginning Initiative.--
       ``(1) Authorization.--The Secretary may make competitive 
     grants to land-grant colleges and universities to provide 
     identifiable support specifically targeted for Tribal 
     students.
       ``(2) Application.--A land-grant college or university that 
     desires to receive a grant under this section shall submit an 
     application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, 
     and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may 
     require.
       ``(3) Use of funds.--A land-grant college or university 
     that receives a grant under this section shall use the grant 
     funds to support Tribal students through--

[[Page H9899]]

       ``(A) recruiting;
       ``(B) tuition and related fees;
       ``(C) experiential learning; and
       ``(D) student services, including--
       ``(i) tutoring;
       ``(ii) counseling;
       ``(iii) academic advising; and
       ``(iv) other student services that would increase the 
     retention and graduation rate of Tribal students enrolled at 
     the land-grant college or university, as determined by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(4) Matching funds.--A land-grant college or university 
     that receives a grant under this section shall provide 
     matching funds toward the cost of carrying out the activities 
     described in this section in an amount equal to not less than 
     100 percent of the grant award.
       ``(5) Maximum amount per state.--No State shall receive, 
     through grants made under this section to land-grant colleges 
     and universities located in the State, more than $500,000 per 
     year.
       ``(c) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
     enactment of this section, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
     the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry and the 
     Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate a report that 
     includes an itemized list of grant funds distributed under 
     this section, including the specific form of assistance 
     provided under subsection (b)(3), and the number of Tribal 
     students assisted and the graduation rate of Tribal students 
     at land-grant colleges and universities receiving grants 
     under this section.
       ``(d) Authorization of Appropriation.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 7121. HISPANIC-SERVING INSTITUTIONS.

       Section 1455(c) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3241(c)) 
     is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7122. BINATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

       Section 1458(e) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3291(e)) 
     is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Full Payment 
     of Funds Made Available for Certain'' and inserting 
     ``Certain'' ;
       (2) by striking ``Notwithstanding'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) Full payment of funds.--Notwithstanding'';
       (3) in paragraph (1) (as so designated)--
       (A) by striking ``Israel-United States'' and inserting 
     ``United States-Israel''; and
       (B) by inserting ``(referred to in this subsection as the 
     `BARD Fund')'' after ``Development Fund''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Activities.--Activities under the BARD Fund to 
     promote and support agricultural research and development 
     that are of mutual benefit to the United States and Israel 
     shall--
       ``(A) accelerate the demonstration, development, and 
     application of agricultural solutions resulting from or 
     relating to BARD Fund programs, including BARD Fund-sponsored 
     research and innovations in drip irrigation, pesticides, 
     aquaculture, livestock, poultry, disease control, and farm 
     equipment; and
       ``(B) encourage research carried out by governmental, 
     nongovernmental, and private entities, including through 
     collaboration with colleges and universities, research 
     institutions, and the private sector.''.

     SEC. 7123. PARTNERSHIPS TO BUILD CAPACITY IN INTERNATIONAL 
                   AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING.

       The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
     Policy Act of 1977 is amended by inserting after section 1458 
     (7 U.S.C. 3291) the following:

     ``SEC. 1458A. PARTNERSHIPS TO BUILD CAPACITY IN INTERNATIONAL 
                   AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) 1862 institution; 1890 institution; 1994 
     institution.--The terms `1862 Institution', `1890 
     Institution', and `1994 Institution' have the meanings given 
     the terms in section 2 of the Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7601).
       ``(2) Covered institution.--The term `covered Institution' 
     means--
       ``(A) an 1862 Institution;
       ``(B) an 1890 Institution;
       ``(C) a 1994 Institution;
       ``(D) an NLGCA Institution;
       ``(E) a Hispanic-serving agricultural college or 
     university; and
       ``(F) a cooperating forestry school.
       ``(3) Developing country.--The term `developing country' 
     means a country, as determined by the Secretary using a gross 
     national income per capita test selected by the Secretary.
       ``(4) International partner institution.--The term 
     `international partner institution' means an agricultural 
     higher education institution in a developing country that is 
     performing, or desiring to perform, activities similar to 
     agricultural research, extension, and teaching activities 
     carried out through covered Institutions in the United 
     States.
       ``(b) Authority of the Secretary.--The Secretary may 
     promote cooperation and coordination between covered 
     Institutions and international partner institutions through--
       ``(1) improving extension by--
       ``(A) encouraging the exchange of research materials and 
     results between covered Institutions and international 
     partner institutions;
       ``(B) facilitating the broad dissemination of agricultural 
     research through extension; and
       ``(C) assisting with efforts to plan and initiate extension 
     services in developing countries;
       ``(2) improving agricultural research by--
       ``(A) in partnership with international partner 
     institutions, encouraging research that addresses problems 
     affecting food production and security, human nutrition, 
     agriculture, forestry, livestock, and fisheries, including 
     local challenges; and
       ``(B) supporting and strengthening national agricultural 
     research systems in developing countries;
       ``(3) supporting the participation of covered Institutions 
     in programs of international organizations, such as the 
     United Nations, the World Bank, regional development banks, 
     and international agricultural research centers;
       ``(4) improving agricultural teaching and education by--
       ``(A) in partnership with international partner 
     institutions, supporting education and teaching relating to 
     food and agricultural sciences, including technical 
     assistance, degree training, research collaborations, 
     classroom instruction, workforce training, and education 
     programs; and
       ``(B) assisting with efforts to increase student capacity, 
     including to encourage equitable access for women and other 
     underserved populations, at international partner 
     institutions by promoting partnerships with, and improving 
     the capacity of, covered Institutions;
       ``(5) assisting covered Institutions in strengthening their 
     capacity for food, agricultural, and related research, 
     extension, and teaching programs relevant to agricultural 
     development activities in developing countries to promote the 
     application of new technology to improve education delivery;
       ``(6) providing support for the internationalization of 
     resident instruction programs of covered Institutions;
       ``(7) establishing a program, to be coordinated by the 
     Director of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture 
     and the Administrator of the Foreign Agricultural Service, to 
     place interns from covered Institutions in, or in service to 
     benefit, developing countries; and
       ``(8) establishing a program to provide fellowships to 
     students at covered Institutions to study at foreign 
     agricultural colleges and universities.
       ``(c) Enhancing Linkages.--The Secretary shall enhance the 
     linkages among covered Institutions, the Federal Government, 
     international research centers, counterpart research, 
     extension, and teaching agencies and institutions in 
     developed countries and developing countries--
       ``(1) to carry out the activities described in subsection 
     (b); and
       ``(2) to make a substantial contribution to the cause of 
     improved food and agricultural progress throughout the world.
       ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 7124. COMPETITIVE GRANTS FOR INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL 
                   SCIENCE AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

       Section 1459A(c)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
     3292b(c)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 7125. LIMITATION ON INDIRECT COSTS FOR AGRICULTURAL 
                   RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION PROGRAMS.

       Section 1462 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3310) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``22 percent'' and 
     inserting ``30 percent''; 
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Subsection (a)'' and 
     inserting ``Subsections (a) and (c)''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(c) Treatment of Subgrants.--In the case of a grant 
     described in subsection (a), the limitation on indirect costs 
     specified in such subsection shall be applied to both the 
     initial grant award and any subgrant of the Federal funds 
     provided under the initial grant award so that the total of 
     all indirect costs charged against the total of the Federal 
     funds provided under the initial grant award does not exceed 
     such limitation.''.

     SEC. 7126. RESEARCH EQUIPMENT GRANTS.

       The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
     Policy Act of 1977 is amended by inserting after section 1462 
     (7 U.S.C. 3310) the following new section:

     ``SEC. 1462A. RESEARCH EQUIPMENT GRANTS.

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make competitive 
     grants for the acquisition of special purpose scientific 
     research equipment for use in the food and agricultural 
     sciences programs of eligible institutions.
       ``(b) Maximum Amount.--The amount of a grant made to an 
     eligible institution under this section may not exceed 
     $500,000.
       ``(c) Prohibition on Charge or Equipment as Indirect 
     Costs.--The cost of acquisition or depreciation of equipment 
     purchased with a grant under this section shall not be--
       ``(1) charged as an indirect cost against another Federal 
     grant; or
       ``(2) included as part of the indirect cost pool for 
     purposes of calculating the indirect cost rate of an eligible 
     institution.
       ``(d) Eligible Institutions Defined.--In this section, the 
     term `eligible institution' means--
       ``(1) a college or university; or
       ``(2) a State cooperative institution.
       ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 7127. UNIVERSITY RESEARCH.

       Section 1463 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3311) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' each place it appears in 
     subsections (a) and (b) and inserting ``2023''.

[[Page H9900]]

  


     SEC. 7128. EXTENSION SERVICE.

       Section 1464 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3312) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7129. SUPPLEMENTAL AND ALTERNATIVE CROPS; HEMP.

       Section 1473D of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319d) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
       (B) by striking ``crops,'' and inserting ``crops (including 
     canola),'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by inserting ``for agronomic rotational purposes and as 
     a habitat for honey bees and other pollinators'' after 
     ``alternative crops''; and
       (B) by striking ``commodities whose'' and all that follows 
     through the period at the end and inserting ``commodities.'';
       (3) in subsection (c)(3)(E), by inserting ``(including hemp 
     (as defined in section 297A of the Agricultural Marketing Act 
     of 1946))'' after ``material''; and
       (4) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
     2023.''.

     SEC. 7130. NEW ERA RURAL TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.

       Section 1473E of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319e) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(1)(B)--
       (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iv) precision agriculture.''; and
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``2008 through 2012'' 
     and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

     SEC. 7131. CAPACITY BUILDING GRANTS FOR NLGCA INSTITUTIONS.

       Section 1473F(b) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
     3319i(b)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 7132. AGRICULTURE ADVANCED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                   AUTHORITY PILOT.

       Subtitle K of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3310 et 
     seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 1473H. AGRICULTURE ADVANCED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                   AUTHORITY PILOT.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Advanced research and development.--The term 
     `advanced research and development' means research and 
     development activities used to address research challenges in 
     agriculture and food through--
       ``(A) targeted acceleration of novel, early stage 
     innovative agricultural research with promising technology 
     applications and products; or
       ``(B) development of qualified products and projects, 
     agricultural technologies, or innovative research tools, 
     which may include--
       ``(i) prototype testing, preclinical development, or field 
     experimental use;
       ``(ii) assessing and assisting with product approval, 
     clearance, or need for a license under an applicable law, as 
     determined by the Director; or
       ``(iii) manufacturing and commercialization of a product.
       ``(2) Agricultural technology.--The term `agricultural 
     technology' means machinery and other equipment engineered 
     for an applicable and novel use in agriculture, natural 
     resources, and food relating to the research and development 
     of qualified products and projects.
       ``(3) Director.--The term `Director' means the Director of 
     the Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority 
     established under subsection (b)(1).
       ``(4) Other transaction.--The term `other transaction' 
     means a transaction other than a procurement contract, grant, 
     or cooperative agreement, including a transaction described 
     in subsection (b)(6)(A).
       ``(5) Person.--The term `person' means--
       ``(A) an individual;
       ``(B) a partnership;
       ``(C) a corporation;
       ``(D) an association;
       ``(E) an entity;
       ``(F) a public or private corporation;
       ``(G) a Federal, State, or local government agency or 
     department; and
       ``(H) an institution of higher education, including a land-
     grant college or university and a non-land-grant college of 
     agriculture.
       ``(6) Qualified product or project.--The term `qualified 
     product or project' means--
       ``(A) engineering, mechanization, or technology 
     improvements that will address challenges relating to 
     growing, harvesting, handling, processing, storing, packing, 
     and distribution of agricultural products;
       ``(B) plant disease or plant pest recovery countermeasures 
     to intentional or unintentional biological threats (including 
     naturally occurring threats), including--
       ``(i) replacement or resistant plant cultivars or 
     varieties;
       ``(ii) other enhanced management strategies, including 
     novel chemical, biological, or cultural approaches; or
       ``(iii) diagnostic or surveillance technology; and
       ``(C) veterinary countermeasures to intentional or 
     unintentional biological threats (including naturally 
     occurring threats), including--
       ``(i) animal vaccine or therapeutic products (including 
     anti-infective products); or
       ``(ii) diagnostic or surveillance technology.
       ``(7) Research tool.--The term `research tool' means a 
     device, technology, procedure, biological material, reagent, 
     computer system, computer software, or analytical technique 
     that is developed to assist in the discovery, development, or 
     manufacture of a qualified product or project.
       ``(b) Agriculture Advanced Research and Development 
     Authority.--
       ``(1) Establishment.--There is established within the 
     Department of Agriculture a pilot program that shall be known 
     as the Agriculture Advanced Research and Development 
     Authority (referred to in this section as the `AGARDA') to 
     carry out advanced research and development.
       ``(2) Goals.--The goals of the AGARDA are--
       ``(A) to develop and deploy advanced solutions to prevent, 
     prepare, and protect against unintentional and intentional 
     threats to agriculture and food in the United States;
       ``(B) to overcome barriers in the development of 
     agricultural technologies, research tools, and qualified 
     products and projects that enhance export competitiveness, 
     environmental sustainability, and resilience to extreme 
     weather;
       ``(C) to ensure that the United States maintains and 
     enhances its position as a leader in developing and deploying 
     agricultural technologies, research tools, and qualified 
     projects and products that increase economic opportunities 
     and security for farmers, ranchers, and rural communities; 
     and
       ``(D) to undertake advanced research and development in 
     areas in which industry by itself is not likely to do so 
     because of the technological or financial uncertainty.
       ``(3) Leadership.--
       ``(A) In general.--The AGARDA shall be a component of the 
     Office of the Chief Scientist.
       ``(B) Director.--
       ``(i) In general.--The AGARDA shall be headed by a 
     Director, who shall be appointed by the Chief Scientist.
       ``(ii) Qualifications.--The Director shall be an individual 
     who, by reason of professional background and experience, is 
     exceptionally qualified to advise the Chief Scientist on, and 
     manage advanced research and development programs and other 
     matters pertaining to--

       ``(I) qualified products and projects;
       ``(II) agricultural technologies;
       ``(III) research tools; and
       ``(IV) challenges relating to the matters described in 
     subclauses (I) through (III).

       ``(iii) Relationship within the department of 
     agriculture.--The Director shall report to the Chief 
     Scientist.
       ``(4) Duties.--To achieve the goals described in paragraph 
     (2), the Secretary, acting through the Director, shall 
     accelerate advanced research and development by--
       ``(A) identifying and promoting advances in basic sciences;
       ``(B) translating scientific discoveries and inventions 
     into technological innovations;
       ``(C) collaborating with other agencies, relevant 
     industries, academia, international agencies, the Foundation 
     for Food and Agriculture Research, and other relevant persons 
     to carry out the goals described in paragraph (2), including 
     convening, at a minimum, annual meetings or working groups to 
     demonstrate the operation and effectiveness of advanced 
     research and development of qualified products and projects, 
     agricultural technologies, and research tools;
       ``(D) conducting ongoing searches for, and support calls 
     for, potential advanced research and development of 
     agricultural technologies, qualified products and projects, 
     and research tools;
       ``(E) awarding grants and entering into contracts, 
     cooperative agreements, or other transactions under paragraph 
     (6) for advanced research and development of agricultural 
     technology, qualified products and projects, and research 
     tools;
       ``(F) establishing issue-based multidisciplinary teams to 
     reduce the time and cost of solving specific problems that--
       ``(i) are composed of representatives from Federal and 
     State agencies, professional groups, academia, and industry;
       ``(ii) seek novel and effective solutions; and
       ``(iii) encourage data sharing and translation of research 
     to field use; and
       ``(G) serving as a resource for interested persons 
     regarding requirements under relevant laws that impact the 
     development, commercialization, and technology transfer of 
     qualified products and projects, agricultural technologies, 
     and research tools.
       ``(5) Priority.--In awarding grants and entering into 
     contracts, cooperative agreements, or other transactions 
     under paragraph (4)(E), the Secretary shall give priority to 
     projects that accelerate the advanced research and 
     development of qualified products and projects that--
       ``(A) address critical research and development needs for 
     technology for specialty crops; or
       ``(B) prevent, protect, and prepare against intentional and 
     unintentional threats to agriculture and food.
       ``(6) Other transaction authorities.--
       ``(A) In general.--In carrying out the pilot program under 
     this section, the Secretary shall have the authority to enter 
     into other transactions in the same manner and subject to the 
     same terms and conditions as transactions that the Secretary 
     of Defense may enter into under section 2371 of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       ``(B) Scope.--The authority of the Secretary to enter into 
     contracts, cooperative agreements, and other transactions 
     under this subsection shall be in addition to the authorities 
     under this

[[Page H9901]]

     Act and title I of the Department of Agriculture and Related 
     Agencies Appropriation Act, 1964 (7 U.S.C. 3318a), to use 
     contracts, cooperative agreements, and grants in carrying out 
     the pilot program under this section.
       ``(C) Guidelines.--The Secretary shall establish guidelines 
     regarding the use of the authority under subparagraph (A).
       ``(D) Technology transfer.--In entering into other 
     transactions, the Secretary may negotiate terms for 
     technology transfer in the same manner as a Federal 
     laboratory under paragraphs (1) through (4) of section 12(b) 
     of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 
     U.S.C. 3710a(b)).
       ``(7) Availability of data.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall require that, as a 
     condition of being awarded a contract or grant or entering 
     into a cooperative agreement or other transaction under 
     paragraph (4)(E), a person shall make available to the 
     Secretary on an ongoing basis, and submit to the Secretary on 
     request of the Secretary, all data relating to or resulting 
     from the activities carried out by the person pursuant to 
     this section.
       ``(B) Exemption from disclosure.--
       ``(i) In general.--This subparagraph shall be considered a 
     statute described in section 552(b)(3)(B) of title 5, United 
     States Code.
       ``(ii) Exemption.--The following information shall be 
     exempt from disclosure under section 552 of title 5, United 
     States Code, and withheld from the public:

       ``(I) Specific technical data or scientific information 
     that is created or obtained under this section that reveals 
     significant and not otherwise publicly known vulnerabilities 
     of existing agriculture and food defenses against biological, 
     chemical, nuclear, or radiological threats.
       ``(II) Trade secrets or commercial or financial information 
     that is privileged or confidential (within the meaning of 
     section 552(b)(4) of title 5, United States Code) and 
     obtained in the conduct of research or as a result of 
     activities under this section from a non-Federal party 
     participating in a contract, grant, cooperative agreement, or 
     other transaction under this section.

       ``(iii) Limitation.--Information that results from research 
     and development activities conducted under this section and 
     that would be a trade secret or commercial or financial 
     information that is privileged or confidential if the 
     information had been obtained from a non-Federal party 
     participating in a cooperative agreement or other transaction 
     shall be withheld from disclosure under subchapter II of 
     chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code, for 5 years.
       ``(8) Milestone-based payments allowed.--In awarding 
     contracts and grants and entering into cooperative agreements 
     or other transactions under paragraph (4)(E), the Secretary 
     may--
       ``(A) use milestone-based awards and payments; and
       ``(B) terminate a project for not meeting technical 
     milestones.
       ``(9) Use of existing personnel authorities.--In carrying 
     out this subsection, the Secretary may appoint highly 
     qualified individuals to scientific or professional positions 
     on the same terms and conditions as provided in subsections 
     (b)(3), (b)(4), (c), (d), (e), and (f) of section 620 of the 
     Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 
     1998 (7 U.S.C. 7657).
       ``(10) Report and evaluation.--
       ``(A) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
     on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
     Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
     Senate an annual report examining the actions undertaken and 
     results generated by the AGARDA.
       ``(B) Evaluation.--After the date on which the AGARDA has 
     been in operation for 3 years, the Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall conduct an evaluation--
       ``(i) to be completed and submitted to the Committee on 
     Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
     on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate not 
     later than 1 year after the date on which the Comptroller 
     General began conducting the evaluation;
       ``(ii) describing the extent to which the AGARDA is 
     achieving the goals described in paragraph (2); and
       ``(iii) including a recommendation on whether the AGARDA 
     should be continued, terminated, or expanded.
       ``(c) Strategic Plan.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 360 days after the date 
     of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall develop and 
     make publicly available a strategic plan describing the 
     strategic vision that the AGARDA shall use--
       ``(A) to make determinations for future investments during 
     the period of effectiveness of this section; and
       ``(B) to achieve the goals described in subsection (b)(2).
       ``(2) Dissemination.--The Secretary shall disseminate the 
     information contained in the strategic plan under paragraph 
     (1) to persons who may have the capacity to substantially 
     contribute to the activities described in that strategic 
     plan.
       ``(3) Coordination; consultation.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(A) update and coordinate the strategic coordination plan 
     under section 221(d)(7) of the Department of Agriculture 
     Reorganization Act of 1994 with the strategic plan developed 
     under paragraph (1) for activities relating to agriculture 
     and food defense countermeasure development and procurement; 
     and
       ``(B) in developing the strategic plan under paragraph (1), 
     consult with--
       ``(i) the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
     Education, and Economics Advisory Board established under 
     section 1408(a);
       ``(ii) the specialty crops committee established under 
     section 1408A(a)(1);
       ``(iii) relevant agriculture research agencies of the 
     Federal Government;
       ``(iv) the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
     Medicine;
       ``(v) the National Veterinary Stockpile Intra-Government 
     Advisory Committee for Strategic Steering; and
       ``(vi) other appropriate parties, as determined by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(d) Funds.--
       ``(1) Establishment.--There is established in the Treasury 
     the Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Fund, which 
     shall be administered by the Secretary, acting through the 
     Director--
       ``(A) for the purpose of carrying out this section; and
       ``(B) in the same manner and subject to the same terms and 
     conditions as are applicable to the Secretary of Defense 
     under section 2371 of title 10, United States Code.
       ``(2) Deposits into fund.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the 
     Director, may accept and deposit into the Fund monies 
     received pursuant to cost recovery, contribution, or royalty 
     payments under a contract, grant, cooperative agreement, or 
     other transaction under this section.
       ``(B) Availability of amounts in fund.--Amounts deposited 
     into the fund shall remain available until expended, without 
     further appropriation, and may be used to carry out the 
     purposes of this section.
       ``(C) Clarification.--Nothing in this paragraph authorizes 
     the use of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to 
     carry out this section.
       ``(3) Funding.--In addition to funds otherwise deposited in 
     the Fund under paragraph (1) or (2), there is authorized to 
     be appropriated to the Fund $50,000,000 for each of fiscal 
     years 2019 through 2023, to remain available until expended.
       ``(e) Termination of Effectiveness.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided under paragraph (2), 
     the authority provided by this section terminates on the date 
     that is 5 years after the date of the enactment of the 
     Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018.
       ``(2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply with 
     respect to--
       ``(A) subsection (b)(7)(B); and
       ``(B) grants awarded or contracts, cooperative agreements, 
     or other transactions entered into before the end of the 5-
     year period referred to in such clause.''.

     SEC. 7133. AQUACULTURE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

       Section 1477(a)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
     3324(a)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 7134. RANGELAND RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

       Section 1483(a)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
     3336(a)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 7135. SPECIAL AUTHORIZATION FOR BIOSECURITY PLANNING AND 
                   RESPONSE.

       Section 1484 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3351) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
     2023.''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
     ``and cooperative agreements'' after ``competitive grants'';
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``make competitive 
     grants'' and inserting ``award competitive grants and 
     cooperative agreements''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) To coordinate the tactical science activities of the 
     Research, Education, and Economics mission area of the 
     Department that protect the integrity, reliability, 
     sustainability, and profitability of the food and 
     agricultural system of the United States against biosecurity 
     threats from pests, diseases, contaminants, and disasters.''.

     SEC. 7136. DISTANCE EDUCATION AND RESIDENT INSTRUCTION GRANTS 
                   PROGRAM FOR INSULAR AREA INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER 
                   EDUCATION.

       (a) Distance Education Grants for Insular Areas.--Section 
     1490(f)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
     and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3362(f)(2)) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
       (b) Resident Instruction Grants for Insular Areas.--Section 
     1491(c)(2) of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, 
     and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3363(c)(2)) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

     SEC. 7201. BEST UTILIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS.

       Section 1624 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5814) is amended in the first 
     sentence by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7202. INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS.

       Section 1627(d) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5821(d)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7203. SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND 
                   TRANSFER PROGRAM.

       Section 1628(f)(2) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
     and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5831(f)(2)) is amended by 
     striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

[[Page H9902]]

  


     SEC. 7204. NATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM.

       Section 1629(i) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5832(i)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7205. NATIONAL STRATEGIC GERMPLASM AND CULTIVAR 
                   COLLECTION ASSESSMENT AND UTILIZATION PLAN.

       (a) In General.--Section 1632(d) of the Food, Agriculture, 
     Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5841(d)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
       ``(6) develop and implement a national strategic germplasm 
     and cultivar collection assessment and utilization plan that 
     takes into consideration the resources and research necessary 
     to address the significant backlog of characterization and 
     maintenance of existing accessions considered to be critical 
     to preserve the viability of, and public access to, germplasm 
     and cultivars; and''.
       (b) Plan Publication.--Section 1633 of the Food, 
     Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
     5842) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Plan Publication.--On completion of the development 
     of the plan described in section 1632(d)(6), the Secretary 
     shall make the plan available to the public.''.

     SEC. 7206. NATIONAL GENETICS RESOURCES PROGRAM.

       (a) Advisory Council.--Section 1634 of the Food, 
     Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
     5843) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``The Secretary'' 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary'';
       (B) in the second sentence of paragraph (1) (as so 
     designated), by striking ``The advisory'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(2) Membership.--The advisory'';
       (C) in paragraph (2) (as so designated), by striking 
     ``nine'' and inserting ``13''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Recommendations.--
       ``(A) In general.--In making recommendations under 
     paragraph (1), the advisory council shall include 
     recommendations on--
       ``(i) the state of public cultivar development, including--

       ``(I) an analysis of existing cultivar research 
     investments;
       ``(II) the research gaps relating to the development of 
     cultivars across a diverse range of crops; and
       ``(III) an assessment of the state of commercialization of 
     federally funded cultivars;

       ``(ii) the training and resources needed to meet future 
     breeding challenges;
       ``(iii) the appropriate levels of Federal funding for 
     cultivar development for underserved crops and geographic 
     areas; and
       ``(iv) the development of the plan described in section 
     1632(d)(6).''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``Two-thirds'' and inserting ``6''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``economics and policy,'' after 
     ``agricultural sciences,'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by striking ``One-third'' and inserting ``3''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``community development,'' after ``public 
     policy,''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) 4 of the members shall be appointed from among 
     individuals with expertise in public cultivar and animal 
     breed development.
       ``(4) 4 of the members shall be appointed from among 
     individuals representing--
       ``(A) 1862 Institutions (as defined in section 2 of the 
     Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 
     1998 (7 U.S.C. 7601));
       ``(B) 1890 Institutions (as defined in section 2 of the 
     Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 
     1998 (7 U.S.C. 7601));
       ``(C) Hispanic-serving institutions (as defined in section 
     1404 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
     Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)); or
       ``(D) 1994 Institutions (as defined in section 532 of the 
     Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
     301 note; Public Law 103-382)).''.
       (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1635(b)(2) of 
     the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
     U.S.C. 5844(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7207. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM.

       Section 1641(c) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5855(c)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7208. AGRICULTURAL GENOME TO PHENOME INITIATIVE.

       Section 1671 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5924) is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``to phenome'' 
     after ``genome'';
       (2) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
       ``(a) Goals.--The goals of this section are--
       ``(1) to expand knowledge concerning genomes and phenomes 
     of crops and animals of importance to the agriculture sector 
     of the United States;
       ``(2) to understand how variable weather, environments, and 
     production systems impact the growth and productivity of 
     specific varieties of crops and species of animals in order 
     to provide greater accuracy in predicting crop and animal 
     performance under variable conditions;
       ``(3) to support research that leverages plant and animal 
     genomic information with phenotypic and environmental data 
     through an interdisciplinary framework, leading to a novel 
     understanding of plant and animal processes that affect 
     growth, productivity, and the ability to predict performance, 
     which will result in the deployment of superior varieties and 
     species to producers and improved crop and animal management 
     recommendations for farmers and ranchers;
       ``(4) to catalyze and coordinate research that links 
     genomics and predictive phenomics at different sites across 
     the United States to achieve advances in crops and animals 
     that generate societal benefits;
       ``(5) to combine fields such as genetics, genomics, plant 
     physiology, agronomy, climatology, and crop modeling with 
     computation and informatics, statistics, and engineering;
       ``(6) to combine fields such as genetics, genomics, animal 
     physiology, meat science, animal nutrition, and veterinary 
     science with computation and informatics, statistics, and 
     engineering;
       ``(7) to focus on crops and animals that will yield 
     scientifically important results that will enhance the 
     usefulness of many other crops and animals;
       ``(8) to build on genomic research, such as the Plant 
     Genome Research Project and the National Animal Genome 
     Research Program, to understand gene function in production 
     environments that is expected to have considerable returns 
     for crops and animals of importance to the agriculture of the 
     United States;
       ``(9) to develop improved data analytics to enhance 
     understanding of the biological function of genes;
       ``(10) to allow resources developed under this section, 
     including data, software, germplasm, and other biological 
     materials, to be openly accessible to all persons, subject to 
     any confidentiality requirements imposed by law; and
       ``(11) to encourage international partnerships with each 
     partner country responsible for financing its own 
     research.'';
       (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
       ``(b) Duties of Secretary.--The Secretary of Agriculture 
     (referred to in this section as the `Secretary') shall 
     conduct a research initiative, to be known as the 
     `Agricultural Genome to Phenome Initiative', for the purpose 
     of--
       ``(1) studying agriculturally significant crops and animals 
     in production environments to achieve sustainable and secure 
     agricultural production;
       ``(2) ensuring that current gaps in existing knowledge of 
     agricultural crop and animal genetics and phenomics are 
     filled;
       ``(3) identifying and developing a functional understanding 
     of relevant genes from animals and agronomically relevant 
     genes from crops that are of importance to the agriculture 
     sector of the United States;
       ``(4) ensuring future genetic improvement of crops and 
     animals of importance to the agriculture sector of the United 
     States;
       ``(5) studying the relevance of diverse germplasm as a 
     source of unique genes that may be of importance in the 
     future;
       ``(6) enhancing genetics to reduce the economic impact of 
     pathogens on crops and animals of importance to the 
     agriculture sector of the United States;
       ``(7) disseminating findings to relevant audiences; and
       ``(8) otherwise carrying out this section.'';
       (4) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``, acting through 
     the National Institute of Food and Agriculture,'' after ``The 
     Secretary'';
       (5) in subsection (e), by inserting ``to Phenome'' after 
     ``Genome''; and
       (6) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $40,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 7209. HIGH-PRIORITY RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVES.

       Section 1672 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (8)--
       (i) in the heading, by striking ``Alfalfa and forage'' and 
     inserting ``Alfalfa seed and alfalfa forage systems'';
       (ii) by striking ``alfalfa and forage'' and inserting 
     ``alfalfa seed and alfalfa forage systems''; and
       (iii) by striking ``alfalfa and other forages, and'' and 
     inserting ``alfalfa seed and other alfalfa forage''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(11) Macadamia tree health initiative.--Research and 
     extension grants may be made under this section for the 
     purposes of--
       ``(A) developing and disseminating science-based tools and 
     treatments to combat the macadamia felted coccid (Eriococcus 
     ironsidei); and
       ``(B) establishing an areawide integrated pest management 
     program in areas affected by, or areas at risk of being 
     affected by, the macadamia felted coccid.
       ``(12) National turfgrass research initiative.--Research 
     and extension grants may be made under this section for the 
     purposes of--
       ``(A) carrying out or enhancing research related to 
     turfgrass and sod issues;
       ``(B) enhancing production and uses of turfgrass for the 
     general public;
       ``(C) identifying new turfgrass varieties with superior 
     drought, heat, cold, and pest tolerance to reduce water, 
     fertilizer, and pesticide use;
       ``(D) selecting genetically superior turfgrasses and 
     developing improved technologies for managing commercial, 
     residential, and recreational turfgrass areas;
       ``(E) producing turfgrasses that--
       ``(i) aid in mitigating soil erosion;
       ``(ii) protect against pollutant runoff into waterways; or

[[Page H9903]]

       ``(iii) provide other environmental benefits;
       ``(F) investigating, preserving, and protecting native 
     plant species, including grasses not currently utilized in 
     turfgrass systems;
       ``(G) creating systems for more economical and viable 
     turfgrass seed and sod production throughout the United 
     States; and
       ``(H) investigating the turfgrass phytobiome and developing 
     biologic products to enhance soil, enrich plants, and 
     mitigate pests.
       ``(13) Fertilizer management initiative.--
       ``(A) In general.--Research and extension grants may be 
     made under this section for the purpose of carrying out 
     research to improve fertilizer use efficiency in crops--
       ``(i) to maximize crop yield; and
       ``(ii) to minimize nutrient losses to surface and 
     groundwater and the atmosphere.
       ``(B) Priority.--In awarding grants under subparagraph (A), 
     the Secretary shall give priority to research examining the 
     impact of the source, rate, timing, and placement of plant 
     nutrients.
       ``(14) Cattle fever tick program.--Research and extension 
     grants may be made under this section to study cattle fever 
     ticks--
       ``(A) to facilitate the understanding of the role of 
     wildlife in the persistence and spread of cattle fever ticks;
       ``(B) to develop advanced methods for eradication of cattle 
     fever ticks, including--
       ``(i) alternative treatment methods for cattle and other 
     susceptible species;
       ``(ii) field treatment for premises, including corral pens 
     and pasture loafing areas;
       ``(iii) methods for treatment and control on infested 
     wildlife;
       ``(iv) biological control agents; and
       ``(v) new and improved vaccines;
       ``(C) to evaluate rangeland vegetation that impacts the 
     survival of cattle fever ticks;
       ``(D) to improve management of diseases relating to cattle 
     fever ticks that are associated with wildlife, livestock, and 
     human health;
       ``(E) to improve diagnostic detection of tick-infested or 
     infected animals and pastures; and
       ``(F) to conduct outreach to impacted ranchers, hunters, 
     and landowners to integrate tactics and document 
     sustainability of best practices.
       ``(15) Laying hen and turkey research program.--Research 
     grants may be made under this section for the purpose of 
     improving the efficiency and sustainability of laying hen and 
     turkey production through integrated, collaborative research 
     and technology transfer. Emphasis may be placed on laying hen 
     and turkey disease prevention, antimicrobial resistance, 
     nutrition, gut health, and alternative housing systems under 
     extreme seasonal weather conditions.
       ``(16) Chronic wasting disease.--Research and extension 
     grants may be made under this section for the purposes of 
     supporting research projects at land-grant colleges and 
     universities (as defined in section 1404 of the National 
     Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
     1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)) with established deer research programs 
     for the purposes of treating, mitigating, or eliminating 
     chronic wasting disease.
       ``(17) Algae agriculture research program.--Research and 
     extension grants may be made under this section for the 
     development and testing of algae and algae systems (including 
     micro- and macro-algae systems).
       ``(18) Nutrient management.--Research and extension grants 
     may be made under this section for the purposes of examining 
     nutrient management based on the source, rate, timing, and 
     placement of crop nutrients.
       ``(19) Dryland farming agricultural systems.--Research and 
     extension grants may be made under this section for the 
     purposes of carrying out or enhancing research on the 
     utilization of big data for more precise management of 
     dryland farming agricultural systems.
       ``(20) Hop plant health initiative.--Research and extension 
     grants may be made under this section for the purposes of 
     developing and disseminating science-based tools and 
     treatments to combat diseases of hops caused by the plant 
     pathogens Podosphaera macularis and Pseudoperonospora 
     humuli.'';
       (2) in subsection (e)(5), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023'';
       (3) in subsection (f)(5), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023'';
       (4) in subsection (g)--
       (A) in paragraphs (1)(B), (2)(B), and (3), by striking 
     ``2018'' each place it appears and inserting ``2023'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs 
     (5) and (6), respectively; and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(4) Enhanced coordination of honeybee and pollinator 
     research.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Chief Scientist of the Department of 
     Agriculture shall coordinate research, extension, education, 
     and economic activities in the Department of Agriculture 
     relating to native and managed pollinator health and habitat.
       ``(B) Duties.--In carrying out subparagraph (A), the Chief 
     Scientist shall--
       ``(i) assign an individual to serve in the Office of the 
     Chief Scientist as a Honeybee and Pollinator Research 
     Coordinator who shall be responsible for leading the efforts 
     of the Chief Scientist in carrying out such subparagraph;
       ``(ii) implement and coordinate pollinator health research 
     efforts of the Department, as recommended by the Pollinator 
     Health Task Force;
       ``(iii) establish annual strategic priorities and goals for 
     the Department for native and managed pollinator research;
       ``(iv) communicate such priorities and goals to each agency 
     or office of the Department of Agriculture, the managed 
     pollinator industry, and relevant grant recipients under 
     programs administered by the Secretary; and
       ``(v) coordinate and identify all research on native and 
     managed pollinator health needed and conducted by the 
     Department of Agriculture and relevant grant recipients under 
     programs administered by the Secretary to ensure consistency 
     and reduce unintended duplication of effort.
       ``(C) Research.--In coordinating research activities under 
     subparagraph (A), the Chief Scientist shall ensure that such 
     research--
       ``(i) identifies and addresses the multiple stressors on 
     pollinator health, including pests and pathogens, reduced 
     habitat, lack of nutritional resources, and exposure to 
     pesticides;
       ``(ii) evaluates stewardship and management practices of 
     managed pollinators that would impact managed pollinator 
     health;
       ``(iii) documents the prevalence of major pests, such as 
     varroa destructor (commonly referred to as the varroa mite), 
     and diseases that are transported between States through 
     practices involving managed pollinators;
       ``(iv) evaluates the impact of overcrowding of colonies for 
     pollination services and the impact of such overcrowding on 
     pollinator health status and pollinator health recovery;
       ``(v) evaluates and reports on the health differences of 
     managed pollinators in--

       ``(I) crops not requiring contract pollination;
       ``(II) crops requiring contract pollination; and
       ``(III) native habitat;

       ``(vi) evaluates the impact of horticultural and 
     agricultural pest management practices on native and managed 
     pollinator colonies in diverse agroecosystems;
       ``(vii) documents pesticide residues that are--

       ``(I) found in native and managed pollinator colonies; and
       ``(II) associated with typical localized commercial crop 
     pest management practices;

       ``(viii) with respect to native and managed pollinator 
     colonies visiting crops for crop pollination or honey 
     production purposes, documents--

       ``(I) the strength and health of such colonies;
       ``(II) the survival, growth, reproduction, and production 
     of such colonies;
       ``(III) pests, pathogens, and viruses that affect such 
     colonies;
       ``(IV) environmental conditions of such colonies;
       ``(V) beekeeper practices; and
       ``(VI) any other relevant information, as determined by the 
     Chief Scientist;

       ``(ix) documents, with respect to healthy populations of 
     managed pollinators, best management practices and other 
     practices for managed pollinators and crop managers;
       ``(x) evaluates the effectiveness of--

       ``(I) conservation practices that target the specific needs 
     of native and managed pollinator habitats;
       ``(II) incentives that allow for the expansion of native 
     and managed pollinator forage acreage; and
       ``(III) managed pollinator breeding practices and efforts 
     to, with respect to managed pollinators, avoid creating a 
     genetic bottleneck and improve genetic diversity;

       ``(xi) in the case of commercially managed pollinator 
     colonies, continues to gather data--

       ``(I) on an annual basis with respect to losses of such 
     colonies, splits of such colonies, and the total number of 
     pollinator colonies;
       ``(II) on rising input costs; and
       ``(III) overall economic value to the food economy; and

       ``(xii) addresses any other issue relating to native and 
     managed pollinators, as determined by the Chief Scientist, in 
     consultation with scientific experts.
       ``(D) Publication.--The Chief Scientist, to the maximum 
     extent practicable, shall--
       ``(i) make publicly available the results of the research 
     described in subparagraph (C); and
       ``(ii) in the case of the research described in 
     subparagraph (C)(vi), publish any data or reports that were 
     produced by the Department of Agriculture but not made 
     publicly available during the period beginning on January 1, 
     2008, and ending on the date of the enactment of the 
     Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018.''; and
       (5) in subsection (h), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.

     SEC. 7210. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EXTENSION 
                   INITIATIVE.

       Section 1672B of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
       (i) by inserting ``using funds made available under 
     subsection (e),'' after ``Board,''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``in each of fiscal years 2019 through 
     2023'' after ``grants''; and
       (B) in paragraph (7), by inserting ``, soil health,'' after 
     ``conservation''; and
       (2) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(D) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
     2020;
       ``(E) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
       ``(F) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
       ``(G) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2023 and each fiscal year 
     thereafter.''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``for fiscal 
     years 2014 through 2018''; and
       (ii) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7211. FARM BUSINESS MANAGEMENT.

       Section 1672D of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925f) is amended--
       (1) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:

[[Page H9904]]

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make competitive 
     research and extension grants for the purpose of improving 
     the farm management knowledge and skills of agricultural 
     producers by maintaining and expanding a national, publicly 
     available farm financial management database to support 
     improved farm management.'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and producer'' and 
     inserting ``educational programs and''; and
       (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``use and support'' and 
     inserting ``contribute data to''; and
       (3) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7212. URBAN, INDOOR, AND OTHER EMERGING AGRICULTURAL 
                   PRODUCTION RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION 
                   INITIATIVE.

       (a) In General.--The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 is amended by inserting after section 1672D 
     (7 U.S.C. 5925f) the following:

     ``SEC. 1672E. URBAN, INDOOR, AND OTHER EMERGING AGRICULTURAL 
                   PRODUCTION RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION 
                   INITIATIVE.

       ``(a) Competitive Research and Extension Grants 
     Authorized.--In consultation with the Urban Agriculture and 
     Innovative Production Advisory Committee established under 
     section 222(b) of the Department of Agriculture 
     Reorganization Act of 1994, the Secretary may make 
     competitive grants to support research, education, and 
     extension activities for the purposes of facilitating the 
     development of urban, indoor, and other emerging agricultural 
     production, harvesting, transportation, aggregation, 
     packaging, distribution, and markets, including by--
       ``(1) assessing and developing strategies to remediate 
     contaminated sites;
       ``(2) determining and developing the best production 
     management and integrated pest management practices;
       ``(3) identifying and promoting the horticultural, social, 
     and economic factors that contribute to successful urban, 
     indoor, and other emerging agricultural production;
       ``(4) analyzing the means by which new agricultural sites 
     are determined, including an evaluation of soil quality, 
     condition of a building, or local community needs;
       ``(5) exploring new technologies that minimize energy, 
     lighting systems, water, and other inputs for increased food 
     production;
       ``(6) examining building material efficiencies and 
     structural upgrades for the purpose of optimizing growth of 
     agricultural products;
       ``(7) developing new crop varieties and agricultural 
     products to connect to new markets; or
       ``(8) examining the impacts of crop exposure to urban 
     elements on environmental quality and food safety.
       ``(b) Grant Types and Process.--Subparagraphs (A) through 
     (E) of paragraph (4), paragraph (7), and paragraph (11)(B) of 
     subsection (b) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities 
     Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 3157) shall apply with respect 
     to the making of grants under this section.
       ``(c) Priority.--The Secretary may give priority to grant 
     proposals that involve--
       ``(1) the cooperation of multiple entities; or
       ``(2) States or regions with a high concentration of or 
     significant interest in urban farms, rooftop farms, and 
     indoor production facilities.
       ``(d) Funding.--
       ``(1) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity 
     Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this 
     section $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2019, to remain available 
     until expended.
       ``(2) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition to 
     amounts made available under paragraph (1), there is 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
     $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.
       (b) Data Collection on Urban, Indoor, and Emerging 
     Agricultural Production.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall conduct as a 
     follow-on study to the census of agriculture conducted in the 
     calendar year 2017 under section 2 of the Census of 
     Agriculture Act of 1997 (7 U.S.C. 2204g) a census of urban, 
     indoor, and other emerging agricultural production, including 
     information about--
       (A) community gardens and farms located in urban areas, 
     suburbs, and urban clusters;
       (B) rooftop farms, outdoor vertical production, and green 
     walls;
       (C) indoor farms, greenhouses, and high-tech vertical 
     technology farms;
       (D) hydroponic, aeroponic, and aquaponic farm facilities; 
     and
       (E) other innovations in agricultural production, as 
     determined by the Secretary.
       (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $14,000,000 
     for the period of fiscal years 2019 through 2021.

     SEC. 7213. CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE AT 1890 INSTITUTIONS.

       Section 1673 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5926) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(d) Centers of Excellence at 1890s Institutions.--
       ``(1) Recognition.--The Secretary shall recognize not less 
     than 3 centers of excellence, each led by an 1890 Institution 
     (as defined in section 2 of the Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7601)), 
     to focus on 1 or more of the areas described in paragraph 
     (2).
       ``(2) Areas of focus.--
       ``(A) Student success and workforce development.--A center 
     of excellence established under paragraph (1) may engage in 
     activities to ensure that students have the skills and 
     education needed to work in agriculture and food industries, 
     agriculture science, technology, engineering, mathematics, 
     and related fields of study.
       ``(B) Nutrition, health, wellness, and quality of life.--A 
     center of excellence established under paragraph (1) may 
     carry out research, education, and extension programs that 
     increase access to healthy food, improve nutrition, mitigate 
     preventive disease, and develop strategies to assist limited 
     resource individuals in accessing health and nutrition 
     resources.
       ``(C) Farming systems, rural prosperity, and economic 
     sustainability.--A center of excellence established under 
     paragraph (1) may share best practices with farmers to 
     improve agricultural production, processing, and marketing, 
     reduce urban food deserts, examine new uses for traditional 
     and nontraditional crops, animals, and natural resources, and 
     continue activities carried out by the Center for Innovative 
     and Sustainable Small Farms, Ranches, and Forest Lands.
       ``(D) Global food security and defense.--A center of 
     excellence established under paragraph (1) may engage in 
     international partnerships that strengthen agricultural 
     development in developing countries, partner with 
     international researchers regarding new and emerging animal 
     and plant pests and diseases, engage in agricultural disaster 
     recovery, and continue activities carried out by the Center 
     for International Engagement.
       ``(E) Natural resources, energy, and environment.--A center 
     of excellence established under paragraph (1) may focus on 
     protecting and managing domestic natural resources for 
     current and future production of food and agricultural 
     products.
       ``(F) Emerging technologies.--A center of excellence 
     established under paragraph (1) may focus on the development 
     of emerging technologies to increase agricultural 
     productivity, enhance small farm economic viability, and 
     improve rural communities by developing genetic and sensor 
     technologies for food and agriculture and providing 
     technology training to farmers.
       ``(3) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $10,000,000 
     for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.
       ``(4) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, and 
     every year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
     the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
     Senate a report describing--
       ``(A) the resources invested in the centers of excellence 
     established under paragraph (1); and
       ``(B) the work being done by those centers of 
     excellence.''.

     SEC. 7214. CLARIFICATION OF VETERAN ELIGIBILITY FOR ASSISTIVE 
                   TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM FOR FARMERS WITH 
                   DISABILITIES.

       Section 1680 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5933) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(7) Clarification of application of provisions to 
     veterans with disabilities.--This subsection shall apply with 
     respect to veterans with disabilities, and their families, 
     who--
       ``(A) are engaged in farming or farm-related occupations; 
     or
       ``(B) are pursuing new farming opportunities.'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by inserting ``(including veterans)'' after 
     ``individuals''; and
       (B) by inserting ``or, in the case of veterans with 
     disabilities, who are pursuing new farming opportunities'' 
     before the period at the end; and
       (3) in subsection (c)(1)(B), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7215. NATIONAL RURAL INFORMATION CENTER CLEARINGHOUSE.

       Section 2381(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3125b(e)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                of 1998

     SEC. 7301. NATIONAL FOOD SAFETY TRAINING, EDUCATION, 
                   EXTENSION, OUTREACH, AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Ending Limitation on Funding.--Section 405(e)(3) of the 
     Agricultural Research, Extension, And Education Reform Act of 
     1998 (7 U.S.C. 7625(e)(3)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(3) Term of grant.--A grant under this section shall have 
     a term that is not more than 3 years.''.
       (b) National Food Safety Training, Education, Extension, 
     Outreach, and Technical Assistance Program.--Section 405(j) 
     of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform 
     Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7625(j)) is amended by striking ``there 
     are authorized'' and all that follows through the period at 
     the end and inserting ``there is authorized to be 
     appropriated $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
     through 2023.''.

     SEC. 7302. INTEGRATED RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION 
                   COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM.

       Section 406(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
     Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7626(e)) is amended by 
     striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7303. SUPPORT FOR RESEARCH REGARDING DISEASES OF WHEAT, 
                   TRITICALE, AND BARLEY CAUSED BY FUSARIUM 
                   GRAMINEARUM OR BY TILLETIA INDICA.

       Section 408 of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
     Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7628) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;

[[Page H9905]]

       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
     2023.''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(f) Limitation on Indirect Costs.--A recipient of a grant 
     under this section may not use more than 10 percent of the 
     funds provided by the grant for the indirect costs of 
     carrying out the initiatives described in subsection (a).''.

     SEC. 7304. GRANTS FOR YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS.

       Section 410(d)(2) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, 
     and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7630(d)(2)) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7305. SPECIALTY CROP RESEARCH INITIATIVE.

       (a) Industry Needs.--Section 412(b) of the Agricultural 
     Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 
     U.S.C. 7632(b)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (E) as 
     subparagraphs (C) through (F); and
       (B) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
       ``(B) size-controlling rootstock systems for perennial 
     crops;'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``including threats to 
     specialty crop pollinators;'' and inserting the following: 
     ``including--
       ``(A) threats to specialty crop pollinators;
       ``(B) emerging and invasive species; and
       ``(C) a more effective understanding and utilization of 
     existing natural enemy complexes;'';
       (3) in paragraph (3)--
       (A) by striking ``efforts to improve'' and inserting the 
     following: ``efforts--
       ``(A) to improve'';
       (B) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated), by adding 
     ``and'' at the end; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) to achieve a better understanding of--
       ``(i) the soil rhizosphere microbiome;
       ``(ii) pesticide application systems and certified drift-
     reduction technologies; and
       ``(iii) systems to improve and extend the storage life of 
     specialty crops;''; and
       (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``including improved 
     mechanization and technologies that delay or inhibit 
     ripening; and'' and inserting the following: ``including--
       ``(A) mechanization and automation of labor-intensive tasks 
     in production and processing;
       ``(B) technologies that delay or inhibit ripening;
       ``(C) decision support systems driven by phenology and 
     environmental factors;
       ``(D) improved monitoring systems for agricultural pests; 
     and
       ``(E) effective systems for preharvest and postharvest 
     management of quarantine pests; and''.
       (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 412(k)(2) of 
     the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform 
     Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632(k)(2)) is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''; and
       (2) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7306. FOOD ANIMAL RESIDUE AVOIDANCE DATABASE PROGRAM.

       Section 604(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
     Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7642(e)) is amended by 
     striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7307. OFFICE OF PEST MANAGEMENT POLICY.

       Section 614(f)(2) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, 
     and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7653(f)(2)) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7308. FORESTRY PRODUCTS ADVANCED UTILIZATION RESEARCH.

       Section 617(f)(1) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, 
     and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7655b(f)(1)) is 
     amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

         Subtitle D--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                     PART I--AGRICULTURAL SECURITY

     SEC. 7401. AGRICULTURAL BIOSECURITY COMMUNICATION CENTER.

       Section 14112(c)(2) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
     Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8912(c)(2)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7402. ASSISTANCE TO BUILD LOCAL CAPACITY IN AGRICULTURAL 
                   BIOSECURITY PLANNING, PREPARATION, AND 
                   RESPONSE.

       Section 14113 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
     2008 (7 U.S.C. 8913) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(2)(B), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)(2)(B), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7403. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL 
                   COUNTERMEASURES.

       Section 14121(b)(2) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
     Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8921(b)(2)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7404. AGRICULTURAL BIOSECURITY GRANT PROGRAM.

       Section 14122(e)(2) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
     Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8922(e)(2)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

                         PART II--MISCELLANEOUS

     SEC. 7411. GRAZINGLANDS RESEARCH LABORATORY.

       Section 7502 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
     2008 (Public Law 110-246; 122 Stat. 2019) is amended by 
     striking ``10-year period'' and inserting ``15-year period''.

     SEC. 7412. FARM AND RANCH STRESS ASSISTANCE NETWORK.

       Section 7522 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
     2008 (7 U.S.C. 5936) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``to support cooperative 
     programs between State cooperative extension services and 
     nonprofit organizations'' and inserting ``to eligible 
     entities described in subsection (c)'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by striking paragraph (5);
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
     subparagraphs (A) through (D), respectively, and indenting 
     the subparagraphs appropriately;
       (C) by striking subparagraph (B) (as so redesignated) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(B) training, including training programs and workshops, 
     for--
       ``(i) advocates for individuals who are engaged in farming, 
     ranching, and other occupations relating to agriculture; and
       ``(ii) other individuals and entities that may assist 
     individuals who--

       ``(I) are engaged in farming, ranching, and other 
     occupations relating to agriculture; and
       ``(II) are in crisis;'';

       (D) in subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated), by adding 
     ``and'' after the semicolon at the end;
       (E) in subparagraph (D) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``activities; and'' and inserting ``activities, including the 
     dissemination of information and materials; or'';
       (F) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as so 
     redesignated), by striking ``be used to initiate'' and 
     inserting the following: ``be used--
       ``(1) to initiate''; and
       (G) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) to enter into contracts, on a multiyear basis, with 
     community-based, direct-service organizations to initiate, 
     expand, or sustain programs described in paragraph (1) and 
     subsection (a).''; and
       (3) by striking subsections (c) and (d) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(c) Eligible Recipients.--The Secretary may award a grant 
     under this section to--
       ``(1) an Indian tribe (as defined in section 4 of the 
     Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
     U.S.C. 5304));
       ``(2) a State department of agriculture;
       ``(3) a State cooperative extension service;
       ``(4) a qualified nonprofit organization, as determined by 
     the Secretary;
       ``(5) an entity providing appropriate services, as 
     determined by the Secretary, in 1 or more States; or
       ``(6) a partnership carried out by 2 or more entities 
     described in paragraphs (1) through (5).
       ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section 
     $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.
       ``(e) Report to Congress.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this subsection, the Secretary, in coordination 
     with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall submit 
     to Congress and any other relevant Federal department or 
     agency, and make publicly available, a report describing the 
     state of behavioral and mental health of individuals who are 
     engaged in farming, ranching, and other occupations relating 
     to agriculture.
       ``(2) Contents.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include--
       ``(A) an inventory and assessment of efforts to support the 
     behavioral and mental health of individuals who are engaged 
     in farming, ranching, and other occupations relating to 
     agriculture by--
       ``(i) the Federal Government, States, and units of local 
     government;
       ``(ii) communities comprised of those individuals;
       ``(iii) health care providers;
       ``(iv) State cooperative extension services; and
       ``(v) other appropriate entities, as determined by the 
     Secretary;
       ``(B) a description of the challenges faced by individuals 
     who are engaged in farming, ranching, and other occupations 
     relating to agriculture that may impact the behavioral and 
     mental health of farmers and ranchers;
       ``(C) a description of how the Department of Agriculture 
     can improve coordination and cooperation with Federal health 
     departments and agencies, including the Department of Health 
     and Human Services, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health 
     Services Administration, the Health Resources and Services 
     Administration, the Centers for Disease Control and 
     Prevention, and the National Institutes of Health, to best 
     address the behavioral and mental health of individuals who 
     are engaged in farming, ranching, and other occupations 
     relating to agriculture;
       ``(D) a long-term strategy for responding to the challenges 
     described under subparagraph (B) and recommendations based on 
     best practices for further action to be carried out by 
     appropriate Federal departments or agencies to improve 
     Federal Government response and seek to prevent suicide among 
     individuals who are engaged in farming, ranching, and other 
     occupations relating to agriculture; and
       ``(E) an evaluation of the impact that behavioral and 
     mental health challenges and outcomes (including suicide) 
     among individuals who are engaged in farming, ranching, and 
     other agriculture related occupations have on--
       ``(i) the agricultural workforce;
       ``(ii) agricultural production;
       ``(iii) rural families and communities; and
       ``(iv) succession planning.
       ``(f) State Defined.--For purposes of this section, the 
     term `State' has the meaning given such term in section 1404 
     of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
     Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103).''.

     SEC. 7413. NATURAL PRODUCTS RESEARCH PROGRAM.

       Section 7525(e) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
     of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 5937(e)) is amended by striking ``2018'' 
     and inserting ``2023''.

[[Page H9906]]

  


     SEC. 7414. SUN GRANT PROGRAM.

       Section 7526(g) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act 
     of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8114(g)) is amended by striking ``2018'' 
     and inserting ``2023''.

                  Subtitle E--Amendments to Other Laws

     SEC. 7501. CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS ACT.

       (a) Hemp Research.--Section 5(b)(9) of the Critical 
     Agricultural Materials Act (7 U.S.C. 178c(b)(9)) is amended 
     by inserting ``, and including hemp (as defined in section 
     297A of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946)'' after 
     ``hydrocarbon-containing plants''.
       (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 16(a)(2) of 
     the Critical Agricultural Materials Act (7 U.S.C. 178n(a)(2)) 
     is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7502. EQUITY IN EDUCATIONAL LAND-GRANT STATUS ACT OF 
                   1994.

       (a) 1994 Institution Defined.--
       (1) In general.--Section 532 of the Equity in Educational 
     Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 
     103-382) is amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 532. DEFINITION OF 1994 INSTITUTION.

       ``In this part, the term `1994 Institution' means any of 
     the following colleges:
       ``(1) Aaniiih Nakoda College.
       ``(2) Bay Mills Community College.
       ``(3) Blackfeet Community College.
       ``(4) Cankdeska Cikana Community College.
       ``(5) Chief Dull Knife College.
       ``(6) College of Menominee Nation.
       ``(7) College of the Muscogee Nation.
       ``(8) D-Q University.
       ``(9) Dine College.
       ``(10) Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College.
       ``(11) Fort Peck Community College.
       ``(12) Haskell Indian Nations University.
       ``(13) Ilisagvik College.
       ``(14) Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native 
     Culture and Arts Development.
       ``(15) Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College.
       ``(16) Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community College.
       ``(17) Leech Lake Tribal College.
       ``(18) Little Big Horn College.
       ``(19) Little Priest Tribal College.
       ``(20) Navajo Technical University.
       ``(21) Nebraska Indian Community College.
       ``(22) Northwest Indian College.
       ``(23) Nueta Hidatsa Sahnish College.
       ``(24) Oglala Lakota College.
       ``(25) Red Lake Nation College.
       ``(26) Saginaw Chippewa Tribal College.
       ``(27) Salish Kootenai College.
       ``(28) Sinte Gleska University.
       ``(29) Sisseton Wahpeton College.
       ``(30) Sitting Bull College.
       ``(31) Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute.
       ``(32) Stone Child College.
       ``(33) Tohono O'odham Community College.
       ``(34) Turtle Mountain Community College.
       ``(35) United Tribes Technical College.
       ``(36) White Earth Tribal and Community College.''.
       (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Endowment for 1994 Institutions.--Section 533(b) of the 
     Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
     301 note; Public Law 103-382) is amended in the first 
     sentence by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
       (c) Institutional Capacity Building Grants.--Section 535 of 
     the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 
     U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 103-382) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' each place it appears in subsections (b)(1) and (c) 
     and inserting ``2023''.
       (d) Research Grants.--Section 536(c) of the Equity in 
     Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; 
     Public Law 103-382) is amended in the first sentence by 
     striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7503. RESEARCH FACILITIES ACT.

       (a) Agricultural Research Facility Defined.--The Research 
     Facilities Act is amended--
       (1) in section 2(1) (7 U.S.C. 390(1)) by striking ``a 
     college, university, or nonprofit institution'' and inserting 
     ``an entity eligible to receive funds under a capacity and 
     infrastructure program (as defined in section 251(f)(1)(C) of 
     the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 
     U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(C)))''; and
       (2) in section 3(c)(2)(D) (7 U.S.C. 390a(c)(2)(D)), by 
     striking ``recipient college, university, or nonprofit 
     institution'' and inserting ``recipient entity''.
       (b) Long-term Support.--Section 3(c)(2)(D) of the Research 
     Facilities Act (7 U.S.C. 390a(c)(2)(D)), as amended by 
     subsection (a), is further amended by striking ``operating 
     costs'' and inserting ``operating and maintenance costs''.
       (c) Competitive Grant Program.--The Research Facilities Act 
     is amended by inserting after section 3 (7 U.S.C. 390a) the 
     following new section:

     ``SEC. 4. COMPETITIVE GRANT PROGRAM.

       ``The Secretary shall establish a program to make 
     competitive grants to assist in the construction, alteration, 
     acquisition, modernization, renovation, or remodeling of 
     agricultural research facilities.''.
       (d) Authorization of Appropriations and Funding 
     Limitations.--Section 6 of the Research Facilities Act (7 
     U.S.C. 390d) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``subsection (b),'' and inserting 
     ``subsections (b), (c), and (d),'';
       (B) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
     ``Funds appropriated pursuant to the preceding sentence shall 
     be available until expended.''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
       ``(c) Maximum Amount.--Not more than 25 percent of the 
     funds made available pursuant to subsection (a) for any 
     fiscal year shall be used for any single agricultural 
     research facility project.
       ``(d) Project Limitation.--An entity eligible to receive 
     funds under this Act may receive funds for only one project 
     at a time.''.

     SEC. 7504. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INITIATIVE.

       Subsection (b) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities 
     Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 3157(b)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (D)--
       (i) by redesignating clauses (iii) through (vii) as clauses 
     (iv) through (viii), respectively; and
       (ii) by inserting after clause (ii) the following new 
     clause:
       ``(iii) soil health;'';
       (B) in subparagraph (E)--
       (i) in clause (iii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (ii) in clause (iv), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(v) tools that accelerate the use of automation or 
     mechanization for labor-intensive tasks in the production and 
     distribution of crops.''; and
       (C) in subparagraph (F)--
       (i) in clause (vi), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (ii) in clause (vii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(viii) barriers and bridges to entry and farm viability 
     for young, beginning, socially disadvantaged, veteran, and 
     immigrant farmers and ranchers, including farm succession, 
     transition, transfer, entry, and profitability issues.'';
       (2) in paragraph (6)--
       (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(F) to an institution to carry out collaboration in 
     biomedical and agricultural research using existing research 
     models.''; and
       (3) in paragraph (11)(A)--
       (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
       (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``4'' and inserting ``5''.

     SEC. 7505. EXTENSION DESIGN AND DEMONSTRATION INITIATIVE.

       (a) In General.--The Competitive, Special, and Facilities 
     Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 3157) is amended by inserting 
     after subsection (c) the following:
       ``(d) Extension Design and Demonstration Initiative.--
       ``(1) Purpose.--The purpose of this subsection is to 
     encourage the design of adaptive prototype systems for 
     improving extension and education that seek to advance the 
     application, translation, and demonstration of scientific 
     discoveries and other agricultural research for the adoption 
     and understanding of food, agricultural, and natural 
     resources practices, techniques, methods, and technologies 
     using digital or other novel platforms.
       ``(2) Grants.--The Secretary shall award grants each fiscal 
     year on a competitive basis--
       ``(A) for the design of 1 or more extension and education 
     prototype systems--
       ``(i) that leverage digital platforms or other novel means 
     of translating, delivering, or demonstrating agricultural 
     research; and
       ``(ii) to adapt, apply, translate, or demonstrate 
     scientific findings, data, technology, and other research 
     outcomes to producers, the agricultural industry, and other 
     interested persons or organizations; and
       ``(B) to demonstrate, by incorporating analytics and 
     specific metrics, the value, impact, and return on the 
     Federal investment of a prototype system designed under 
     subparagraph (A) as a model for use by other eligible 
     entities described in paragraph (3) for improving, 
     modernizing, and adapting applied research, demonstration, 
     and extension services.
       ``(3) Eligible entities.--An entity that is eligible to 
     receive a grant under paragraph (2) is--
       ``(A) a State agricultural experiment station (as defined 
     in section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103));
       ``(B) a cooperative extension service (as defined in such 
     section); and
       ``(C) a land-grant college or university (as defined in 
     such section) .
       ``(4) Requirement.--The Secretary shall award grants under 
     paragraph (2) to not fewer than 2 and not more than 5 
     eligible entities described in paragraph (3) that represent a 
     diversity of regions, commodities, and agricultural or food 
     production issues.
       ``(5) Term.--The term of a grant awarded under paragraph 
     (2) shall be not longer than 5 years.
       ``(6) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $5,000,000 
     for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, to remain 
     available until expended.''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--The Competitive, 
     Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 3157) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)(2), in the matter preceding 
     subparagraph (A), by striking ``subsection--'' and all that 
     follows through ``for the planning'' in subparagraph (B) and 
     inserting ``subsection for the planning''; and
       (2) in subsection (h), by inserting ``, (d),'' after 
     ``subsections (b)''.

[[Page H9907]]

  


     SEC. 7506. REPEAL OF REVIEW OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE.

       Section 7404 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
     of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 3101 note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.

     SEC. 7507. BIOMASS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

       Section 9008 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
     of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8108) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; or''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) carbon dioxide that--
       ``(i) is intended for permanent sequestration or 
     utilization; and
       ``(ii) is a byproduct of the production of the products 
     described in subparagraphs (A) and (B).'';
       (2) in subsection (d)(2)(A)--
       (A) in clause (xii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) by redesignating clause (xiii) as clause (xiv); and
       (C) by inserting after clause (xii) the following:
       ``(xiii) an individual with expertise in carbon dioxide 
     capture, utilization, and sequestration; and'';
       (3) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in paragraph (2)(B)--
       (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iv) to permanently sequester or utilize carbon dioxide 
     described in subsection (a)(1)(C); and''; and
       (B) in paragraph (3)(B)--
       (i) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (ii) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iii) the development of technologies to permanently 
     sequester or utilize carbon dioxide described in subsection 
     (a)(1)(C).''; and
       (4) in subsection (h)(2), by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7508. REINSTATEMENT OF MATCHING REQUIREMENT FOR FEDERAL 
                   FUNDS USED IN EXTENSION WORK AT THE UNIVERSITY 
                   OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

       (a) In General.--Section 209(c) of the District of Columbia 
     Public Postsecondary Education Reorganization Act (Public Law 
     93-471; sec. 38-1202.09(c), D.C. Official Code) is amended by 
     inserting after the first sentence the following: ``Such sums 
     may be used to pay not more than \1/2\ of the total cost of 
     providing such extension work.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 7509. RENEWABLE RESOURCES EXTENSION ACT OF 1978.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 6 of the 
     Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1675) is 
     amended in the first sentence by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2023''.
       (b) Termination Date.--Section 8 of the Renewable Resources 
     Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1671 note; Public Law 95-
     306) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7510. NATIONAL AQUACULTURE ACT OF 1980.

       Section 10 of the National Aquaculture Act of 1980 (16 
     U.S.C. 2809) is amended by striking ``2018'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 7511. FEDERAL AGRICULTURE RESEARCH FACILITIES.

       Section 1431 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act Amendments of 1985 (title 
     XIV of Public Law 99-198; 99 Stat. 1556) is amended by 
     striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

     SEC. 7601. ENHANCED USE LEASE AUTHORITY PROGRAM.

       (a) Transition to Permanent Program.--Section 308 of the 
     Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture 
     Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 3125a note) is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``pilot''; and
       (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``pilot''.
       (b) Termination of Authority Extended.--Section 
     308(b)(6)(A) of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and 
     Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 
     U.S.C. 3125a note) is amended by striking ``on the date that 
     is 10 years after the date of enactment of this section'' and 
     inserting ``on September 30, 2023''.
       (c) Reports.--Section 308(d)(2) of the Federal Crop 
     Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture Reorganization 
     Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 3125a note) is amended by striking 
     ``Not later than 6, 8, and 10 years after the date of 
     enactment of this section'' and inserting ``Not later than 
     September 30, 2021''.

     SEC. 7602. TRANSFER OF ADMINISTRATIVE JURISDICTION OVER 
                   PORTION OF HENRY A. WALLACE BELTSVILLE 
                   AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER, BELTSVILLE, 
                   MARYLAND.

       (a) Transfer Authorized.--Subject to subsection (e), the 
     Secretary may transfer to the Secretary of the Treasury 
     administrative jurisdiction over a parcel of real property at 
     the Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center 
     consisting of approximately 100 acres, which was originally 
     acquired by the United States through land acquisitions in 
     1910 and 1925, and is generally located off of Poultry Road 
     lying between Powder Mill Road and Odell Road in Beltsville, 
     Maryland, for the purpose of facilitating the establishment 
     of Bureau of Engraving and Printing facilities on the parcel.
       (b) Legal Description and Map.--
       (1) Preparation.--The Secretary shall prepare a legal 
     description and map of the parcel of real property to be 
     transferred under subsection (a).
       (2) Force of law.--The legal description and map prepared 
     under paragraph (1) shall have the same force and effect as 
     if included in this Act, except that the Secretary may 
     correct errors in the legal description and map.
       (c) Terms and Conditions.--The transfer of administrative 
     jurisdiction under subsection (a) shall be subject to 
     easements, valid existing rights, and such other 
     reservations, terms, and conditions as the Secretary 
     considers to be necessary.
       (d) Waiver.--The parcel of real property under subsection 
     (a) is exempt from Federal screening for other possible use 
     due to an identified Federal need for the parcel as the site 
     of Bureau of Engraving and Printing facilities.
       (e) Conditions for Transfer.--As a condition of the 
     transfer of administrative jurisdiction under subsection (a) 
     with respect to the parcel described in such subsection--
       (1) the Secretary of the Treasury shall agree to pay the 
     Secretary the costs incurred to carry out such transfer, 
     including the costs for--
       (A) any environmental or administrative analysis required 
     by law with respect to the parcel to be so transferred;
       (B) a survey of such parcel, if necessary; and
       (C) any hazardous substances assessment of the parcel to be 
     so transferred; and
       (2) except as provided in subsection (d), the Secretary 
     shall enter into a binding memorandum of agreement with the 
     Secretary of the Treasury regarding the responsibilities, 
     including financial responsibilities, of each party for 
     evaluating and, if necessary, remediating or otherwise 
     addressing hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants 
     found at the parcel described in subsection (a).
       (f) Hazardous Materials.--Nothing in this section, or the 
     amendments made by this section, amends, alters, or affects 
     the relevant Federal and State environmental laws, including 
     the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and 
     Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.), or the 
     application of such laws to the parcel of real property 
     transferred under subsection (a).

     SEC. 7603. FOUNDATION FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE RESEARCH.

       Section 7601 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
     5939) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d)(1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``conflicts;'' and 
     inserting ``conflicts, specifically at the Department of 
     Agriculture; and''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(iii) document the consultation process and include a 
     summary of the results in the annual report required in 
     subsection (f)(3)(B)''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``and agriculture 
     stakeholders'' after ``community'';
       (2) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in paragraph (2)(C)(ii)(I), by inserting ``agriculture 
     or'' before ``agricultural research''; and
       (B) in paragraph (4)(A)--
       (i) in clause (iii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (ii) by redesignating clause (iv) as clause (v); and
       (iii) by inserting after clause (iii) the following:
       ``(iv) actively solicit and accept funds, gifts, grants, 
     devises, or bequests of real or personal property made to the 
     Foundation, including from private entities; and'';
       (3) in subsection (f)--
       (A) in paragraph (2)(A)(iii), by striking ``any''; and
       (B) in paragraph (3)(B)--
       (i) in clause (i)(I)--

       (I) in the matter preceding item (aa), by inserting ``and 
     post online'' before ``a report'';
       (II) in item (aa), by striking ``accomplishments; and'' and 
     inserting ``accomplishments and how those activities align to 
     the challenges identified in the strategic plan under clause 
     (iv);'';
       (III) in item (bb), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (IV) by adding at the end the following:

       ``(cc) a description of available agricultural research 
     programs and priorities for the upcoming fiscal year.''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iii) Stakeholder notice.--The Foundation shall publish 
     an annual notice with a description of agricultural research 
     priorities under this section for the upcoming fiscal year, 
     including--

       ``(I) a schedule for funding competitions;
       ``(II) a discussion of how applications for funding will be 
     evaluated; and
       ``(III) how the Foundation will communicate information 
     about funded awards to the public to ensure that grantees and 
     partners understand the objectives of the Foundation.

       ``(iv) Strategic plan.--Not later than 1 year after the 
     date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, 
     the Foundation shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture 
     of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
     Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
     strategic plan describing a path for the Foundation to become 
     self-sustaining, including--

       ``(I) a forecast of major agricultural challenge 
     opportunities identified by the scientific advisory councils 
     of the Foundation and approved by the Board, including short- 
     and long-term objectives;
       ``(II) an overview of the efforts that the Foundation will 
     take to be transparent in each of the processes of the 
     Foundation, including--

[[Page H9908]]

       ``(aa) processes relating to grant awards, including the 
     selection, review, and notification processes;
       ``(bb) communication of past, current, and future research 
     priorities; and
       ``(cc) plans to solicit and respond to public input on the 
     opportunities identified in the strategic plan;

       ``(III) a description of financial goals and benchmarks for 
     the next 10 years, including a detailed plan for--

       ``(aa) raising funds in amounts greater than the amounts 
     required under subsection (g)(1)(B);
       ``(bb) soliciting additional resources pursuant to 
     subsections (e)(4)(A)(iv) and (f)(2)(A)(iii); and
       ``(cc) managing and leveraging such resources pursuant to 
     subsection (f)(2)(A)(vii); and

       ``(IV) other related issues, as determined by the Board.''; 
     and

       (4) in subsection (g)(1)--
       (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``Mandatory 
     funding'' and inserting ``Funding'';
       (B) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by striking ``On the date'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(i) Establishment funding.--On the date''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(ii) Enhanced funding.--On the date on which the 
     strategic plan described in subsection (f)(3)(B)(iv) is 
     submitted, of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
     the Secretary shall transfer to the Foundation to carry out 
     this section $185,000,000, to remain available until 
     expended.''; and
       (C) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) by striking ``The Foundation'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(i) In general.--The Foundation'';
       (ii) in clause (i) (as so designated)--

       (I) by striking ``purposes'' and inserting ``purposes, 
     duties, and powers''; and
       (II) by striking ``non-Federal matching funds for each 
     expenditure'' and inserting ``matching funds from a non-
     Federal source, including an agricultural commodity 
     promotion, research, and information program''; and

       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(ii) Effect.--Nothing in this section requires the 
     Foundation to require a matching contribution from an 
     individual grantee as a condition of receiving a grant under 
     this section.''.

     SEC. 7604. ASSISTANCE FOR FORESTRY RESEARCH UNDER THE 
                   MCINTIRE-STENNIS COOPERATIVE FORESTRY ACT.

       Section 2 of Public Law 87-788 (commonly known as the 
     ``McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Act'') (16 U.S.C. 
     582a-1) is amended in the second sentence--
       (1) by striking ``and'' before ``1890 Institutions''; and
       (2) by inserting ``and 1994 Institutions (as defined in 
     section 532 of the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status 
     Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 103-382)) that 
     offer an associate's degree or a baccalaureate degree in 
     forestry,'' before ``and (b)''.

     SEC. 7605. LEGITIMACY OF INDUSTRIAL HEMP RESEARCH.

       (a) In General.--Section 7606 of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 5940) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (a) and (b) as subsections 
     (b) and (a), respectively, and moving the subsections so as 
     to appear in alphabetical order;
       (2) in subsection (a) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
       ``(3) State.--The term `State' has the meaning given such 
     term in section 297A of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 
     1946.'';
       (3) in subsection (b) (as so redesignated), in the 
     subsection heading, by striking ``In General'' and inserting 
     ``Industrial Hemp Research''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(c) Study and Report.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct a study of 
     agricultural pilot programs--
       ``(A) to determine the economic viability of the domestic 
     production and sale of industrial hemp; and
       ``(B) that shall include a review of--
       ``(i) each agricultural pilot program; and
       ``(ii) any other agricultural or academic research relating 
     to industrial hemp.
       ``(2) Report.--Not later than 12 months after the date of 
     enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall submit to 
     Congress a report describing the results of the study 
     conducted under paragraph (1).''.
       (b) Repeal.--Effective on the date that is 1 year after the 
     date on which the Secretary establishes a plan under section 
     297C of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, section 7606 
     of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 5940) is repealed.

     SEC. 7606. COLLECTION OF DATA RELATING TO BARLEY AREA PLANTED 
                   AND HARVESTED.

       For all acreage reports published after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary, acting through the 
     Administrator of the National Agricultural Statistics 
     Service, shall include the State of New York in the States 
     surveyed to produce the table entitled ``Barley Area Planted 
     and Harvested'' in those reports.

     SEC. 7607. COLLECTION OF DATA RELATING TO THE SIZE AND 
                   LOCATION OF DAIRY FARMS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date on 
     which the 2017 Census of Agriculture is released, the 
     Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the Economic 
     Research Service, shall update the report entitled ``Changes 
     in the Size and Location of US Dairy Farms'' contained in the 
     report of the Economic Research Service entitled ``Profits, 
     Costs, and the Changing Structure of Dairy Farming'' and 
     published in September 2007.
       (b) Requirement.--In updating the report described in 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
     practicable, use the same unit of measurement for reporting 
     the full range of herd sizes in Table 1 and Table 2 of the 
     report while maintaining confidentiality of individual 
     producers.

     SEC. 7608. AGRICULTURE INNOVATION CENTER DEMONSTRATION 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 6402 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
     of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1632b) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d)(2)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``representatives of each of the following groups'' and 
     inserting ``a diverse group of representatives of public and 
     private entities, including the following:'';
       (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``The 2'' and 
     inserting ``Two'';
       (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or a State 
     legislator,'' after ``agency,''; and
       (D) by amending subparagraph (C) to read as follows:
       ``(C) Four entities representing commodities produced in 
     the State.'';
       (2) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``subsection (i)'' 
     and inserting ``subsection (g)''; and
       (3) by striking subsections (g), (h), and (i) and inserting 
     the following new subsection:
       ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
     $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 7609. SMITH-LEVER COMMUNITY EXTENSION PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Section 3(d) of the Smith-Lever Act (7 
     U.S.C. 343(d)) is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new sentence: ``A 1994 Institution (as defined in section 532 
     of the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 
     U.S.C. 301 note; Public Law 103-382)) may compete for and 
     receive funds directly from the Secretary of Agriculture for 
     the Children, Youth, and Families at Risk funding program and 
     the Federally Recognized Tribes Extension Program.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 533(a)(2)(A) of the 
     Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 
     301 note; Public Law 103-382) is amended by striking clause 
     (ii) and inserting the following:
       ``(ii) the Smith-Lever Act (7 U.S.C. 341 et seq.), except 
     as provided under--

       ``(I) section 3(b)(3) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 343(b)(3)); or
       ``(II) the third sentence of section 3(d) of that Act (7 
     U.S.C. 343(d)); or''.

     SEC. 7610. MECHANIZATION AND AUTOMATION FOR SPECIALTY CROPS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall conduct a review 
     of the programs of the Department of Agriculture that affect 
     the production or processing of specialty crops.
       (b) Requirements.--The review under subsection (a) shall 
     identify--
       (1) programs that currently are, or previously have been, 
     effectively used to accelerate the development and use of 
     automation or mechanization in the production or processing 
     of specialty crops; and
       (2) programs that may be more effectively used to 
     accelerate the development and use of automation or 
     mechanization in the production or processing of specialty 
     crops.
       (c) Strategy.--With respect to programs identified under 
     subsection (b), the Secretary shall develop and implement a 
     strategy to accelerate the development and use of automation 
     and mechanization in the production or processing of 
     specialty crops.

     SEC. 7611. EXPERIENCED SERVICES PROGRAM.

       Section 1252 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
     3851) is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``agriculture 
     conservation'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the first sentence--
       (i) by striking ``a conservation'' and inserting ``an'';
       (ii) by striking ``(in this section referred to as the 
     `ACES Program')'' and inserting ``(referred to in this 
     section as the `program')''; and
       (iii) by striking ``provide technical'' and inserting the 
     following: ``provide--
       ``(1) technical''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1) (as so designated)--
       (i) by striking ``Secretary. Such technical services may 
     include'' and inserting ``Secretary, including'';
       (ii) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
     and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) technical, professional, and administrative services 
     to support the research, education, and economics mission 
     area of the Department of Agriculture (including the 
     Agricultural Research Service, the Economic Research Service, 
     the National Agricultural Library, the National Agricultural 
     Statistics Service, the Office of the Chief Scientist, and 
     the National Institute of Food and Agriculture), including--
       ``(A) supporting agricultural research and information;
       ``(B) advancing scientific knowledge relating to 
     agriculture;
       ``(C) enhancing access to agricultural information;
       ``(D) providing statistical information and research 
     results to farmers, ranchers, agribusiness, and public 
     officials; and
       ``(E) assisting research, education, and extension programs 
     in land-grant colleges and universities (as defined in 
     section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, 
     Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
     3103)).'';
       (3) by striking ``ACES'' each place it appears;
       (4) by striking ``technical services'' each place it 
     appears (other than in subsection (a)) and inserting 
     ``technical, professional, or administrative services, as 
     applicable,''; and

[[Page H9909]]

       (5) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking the paragraph heading and inserting 
     ``Conservation technical services.--''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``with respect to subsection (a)(1),'' 
     before ``the Secretary''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Research, education, and economics services.--With 
     respect to services referred to in subsection (a)(2), the 
     Secretary may carry out the program under the mission area 
     referred to in such subsection to the extent that funds are 
     specifically appropriated to provide such services under such 
     mission area.''.

     SEC. 7612. SIMPLIFIED PLAN OF WORK.

       (a) Smith-Lever Act.--The Smith-Lever Act is amended--
       (1) in section 3(h)(2) (7 U.S.C. 343(h)(2)), by striking 
     subparagraph (D); and
       (2) in section 4(c) (7 U.S.C. 344(c)), by striking 
     paragraphs (1) through (5) and inserting the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(1) A summary of planned projects or programs in the 
     State using formula funds.
       ``(2) A description of the manner in which the State will 
     meet the requirements of section 3(h).
       ``(3) A description of the manner in which the State will 
     meet the requirements of section 3(i)(2) of the Hatch Act of 
     1887 (7 U.S.C. 361c(i)(2)).
       ``(4) A description of matching funds provided by the State 
     with respect to the previous fiscal year.''.
       (b) Hatch Act.--The Hatch Act of 1887 is amended--
       (1) in section 3 (7 U.S.C. 361c)--
       (A) by amending subsection (h) to read as follows:
       ``(h) Peer Review.--Research carried out under subsection 
     (c)(3) shall be subject to scientific peer review. The review 
     of a project conducted under this subsection shall be 
     considered to satisfy the merit review requirements of 
     section 103(e) of the Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
     Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7613(e)).''; and
       (B) in subsection (i)(2), by striking subparagraph (D); and
       (2) in section 7(e) (7 U.S.C. 361g(e)), by striking 
     paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(1) A summary of planned projects or programs in the 
     State using formula funds.
       ``(2) A description of the manner in which the State will 
     meet the requirements of subsections (c)(3) and (i)(2) of 
     section 3.
       ``(3) A description of matching funds provided by the State 
     with respect to the previous fiscal year.''.
       (c) Extension and Research at 1890 Institutions.--
       (1) Extension.--Section 1444(d)(3) of the National 
     Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
     1977 (7 U.S.C. 3221(d)(3)) is amended by striking 
     subparagraphs (A) through (E) and inserting the following new 
     subparagraphs:
       ``(A) A summary of planned projects or programs in the 
     State using formula funds.
       ``(B) A description of matching funds provided by the State 
     with respect to the previous fiscal year.''.
       (2) Research.--Section 1445(c)(3) of the National 
     Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
     1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222(c)(3)) is amended by striking 
     subparagraphs (A) through (E) and inserting the following new 
     subparagraphs:
       ``(A) A summary of planned projects or programs in the 
     State using formula funds.
       ``(B) A description of matching funds provided by the State 
     with respect to the previous fiscal year.''.

     SEC. 7613. REVIEW OF LAND-GRANT TIME AND EFFORT REPORTING 
                   REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Office of Management and Budget, shall review and revise 
     current reporting requirements related to compensation 
     charges, documentation of personnel expenses, and other 
     requirements that are commonly referred to as time and effort 
     reporting for entities that receive funds under a program 
     referred to in clause (iii), (iv), (vii), (viii), or (xii) of 
     section 251(f)(1)(C) of the Department of Agriculture 
     Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971(f)(1)(C)).
       (b) Revisions.--The Secretary shall ensure that any 
     revision made pursuant to subsection (a)--
       (1) is developed in collaboration with entities described 
     in subsection (a); and
       (2) reduces the amount of paperwork and time required by 
     the requirements referred to in such subsection, as such 
     requirements are in effect on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

     SEC. 7614. MATCHING FUNDS REQUIREMENT.

       (a) Repeal.--Subtitle P of the National Agricultural 
     Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
     U.S.C. 3371) is repealed.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) National agricultural research, extension, and teaching 
     policy act of 1977.--
       (A) Grants to enhance research capacity in schools of 
     veterinary medicine.--Section 1415(a) of the National 
     Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
     1977 (7 U.S.C. 3151(a)) is amended--
       (i) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Matching requirement.--A State receiving a grant 
     under paragraph (1) shall provide State matching funds equal 
     to not less than the amount of the grant.''.
       (B) Aquaculture assistance grant program.--Section 1475(b) 
     of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
     Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3322(b)) is amended by 
     striking ``The Secretary'' and all that follows through the 
     period at the end and inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), the Secretary 
     may make competitive grants to entities eligible for grants 
     under paragraph (2) for research and extension to facilitate 
     or expand promising advances in the production and marketing 
     of aquacultural food species and products and to enhance the 
     safety and wholesomeness of those species and products, 
     including the development of reliable supplies of seed stock 
     and therapeutic compounds.
       ``(2) Eligible entities.--The Secretary may make a 
     competitive grant under paragraph (1) to--
       ``(A) a land-grant or seagrant college or university;
       ``(B) a State agricultural experiment station;
       ``(C) a college, university, or Federal laboratory having a 
     demonstrable capacity to conduct aquacultural research, as 
     determined by the Secretary; or
       ``(D) a nonprofit private research institution.
       ``(3) Matching state grants.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     the Secretary shall not make a grant under paragraph (1) 
     unless the State in which the grant recipient is located 
     makes a grant to that recipient in an amount equal to not 
     less than the amount of the grant under paragraph (1) (of 
     which State amount an in-kind contribution shall not exceed 
     50 percent).
       ``(B) Federal laboratories.--Subparagraph (A) shall not 
     apply to a grant to a Federal laboratory.''.
       (C) Rangeland research.--Section 1480 of the National 
     Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
     1977 (7 U.S.C. 3333) is amended--
       (i) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(a) In 
     General.--The Secretary''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) Matching Requirements.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
     this grant program shall be based on a matching formula of 50 
     percent Federal and 50 percent non-Federal funding (including 
     funding from an agricultural commodity promotion, research, 
     and information program).
       ``(2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a grant 
     to a Federal laboratory or a grant under subsection 
     (a)(2).''.
       (2) Food, agriculture, conservation, and trade act of 
     1990.--
       (A) Federal-state matching grant program.--Section 
     1623(d)(2) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
     Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5813(d)(2)) is amended by striking the 
     second sentence.
       (B) Agricultural genome initiative.--Section 1671 of the 
     Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
     U.S.C. 5924) (as amended by section 7208) is amended--
       (i) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
       (ii) by inserting after subsection (e) the following:
       ``(f) Matching Funds Requirement.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), with respect 
     to a grant or cooperative agreement under this section that 
     provides a particular benefit to a specific agricultural 
     commodity, the recipient of funds under the grant or 
     cooperative agreement shall provide non-Federal matching 
     funds (including funds from an agricultural commodity 
     promotion, research, and information program) equal to not 
     less than the amount provided under the grant or cooperative 
     agreement.
       ``(2) In-kind support.--Non-Federal matching funds 
     described in paragraph (1) may include in-kind support.
       ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the matching funds 
     requirement under paragraph (1) with respect to a research 
     project if the Secretary determines that--
       ``(A) the results of the project are of a particular 
     benefit to a specific agricultural commodity, but those 
     results are likely to be applicable to agricultural 
     commodities generally; or
       ``(B)(i) the project--
       ``(I) involves a minor commodity; and
       ``(II) deals with scientifically important research; and
       ``(ii) the recipient is unable to satisfy the matching 
     funds requirement.''.
       (C) High-priority research and extension initiatives.--
     Section 1672(a) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
     Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925(a)) is amended--
       (i) by striking ``The Secretary of Agriculture'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Agriculture'';
       (ii) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), in the second 
     sentence, by striking ``The Secretary shall'' and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(3) Consultation.--The Secretary shall''; and
       (iii) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
       ``(2) Matching funds requirement.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (C), an entity 
     receiving a grant under paragraph (1) shall provide non-
     Federal matching funds (including funds from an agricultural 
     commodity promotion, research, and information program) equal 
     to not less than the amount of the grant.
       ``(B) In-kind support.--Non-Federal matching funds 
     described in subparagraph (A) may include in-kind support.
       ``(C) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the matching funds 
     requirement under subparagraph (A) with respect to a research 
     project if the Secretary determines that--
       ``(i) the results of the project are of a particular 
     benefit to a specific agricultural commodity, but those 
     results are likely to be applicable to agricultural 
     commodities generally; or

[[Page H9910]]

       ``(ii)(I) the project--

       ``(aa) involves a minor commodity; and
       ``(bb) deals with scientifically important research; and

       ``(II) the recipient is unable to satisfy the matching 
     funds requirement.''.
       (D) Organic agriculture research and extension 
     initiative.--Section 1672B of the Food, Agriculture, 
     Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925b) (as 
     amended by section 7210) is amended--
       (i) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) as 
     subsections (d), (e), and (f), respectively; and
       (ii) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
       ``(c) Matching Requirement.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), an entity 
     receiving a grant under subsection (a) shall provide non-
     Federal matching funds (including funds from an agricultural 
     commodity promotion, research, and information program) equal 
     to not less than the amount of the grant.
       ``(2) In-kind support.--Non-Federal matching funds 
     described in paragraph (1) may include in-kind support.
       ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the matching funds 
     requirement under paragraph (1) with respect to a research 
     project if the Secretary determines that--
       ``(A) the results of the project are of a particular 
     benefit to a specific agricultural commodity, but those 
     results are likely to be applicable to agricultural 
     commodities generally; or
       ``(B)(i) the project--
       ``(I) involves a minor commodity; and
       ``(II) deals with scientifically important research; and
       ``(ii) the recipient is unable to satisfy the matching 
     funds requirement.''.
       (3) Agricultural research, extension, and education reform 
     act of 1998.--
       (A) Integrated research, education, and extension 
     competitive grants program.--Section 406 of the Agricultural 
     Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (7 
     U.S.C. 7626) is amended--
       (i) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively; and
       (ii) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
       ``(d) Matching Funds Requirement.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), with respect 
     to a grant under this section that provides a particular 
     benefit to a specific agricultural commodity, the recipient 
     of the grant shall provide non-Federal matching funds 
     (including funds from an agricultural commodity promotion, 
     research, and information program) equal to not less than the 
     amount of the grant.
       ``(2) In-kind support.--Non-Federal matching funds 
     described in paragraph (1) may include in-kind support.
       ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the matching funds 
     requirement under paragraph (1) with respect to a grant if 
     the Secretary determines that--
       ``(A) the results of the grant are of a particular benefit 
     to a specific agricultural commodity, but those results are 
     likely to be applicable to agricultural commodities 
     generally; or
       ``(B)(i) the grant--
       ``(I) involves a minor commodity; and
       ``(II) deals with scientifically important research; and
       ``(ii) the recipient is unable to satisfy the matching 
     funds requirement.''.
       (B) Specialty crop research initiative.--Section 412(g) of 
     the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform 
     Act of 1998 (7 U.S.C. 7632(g)) is amended--
       (i) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
       (ii) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
       ``(3) Matching requirement.--
       ``(A) In general.--An entity receiving a grant under this 
     section shall provide non-Federal matching funds (including 
     funds from an agricultural commodity promotion, research, and 
     information program) equal to not less than the amount of the 
     grant.
       ``(B) In-kind support.--Non-Federal matching funds 
     described in subparagraph (A) may include in-kind support.''.
       (4) Other laws.--
       (A) Sun grant program.--Section 7526(c)(1)(C)(iv) of the 
     Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
     8114(c)(1)(C)(iv)) is amended by striking subclause (IV).
       (B) Agriculture and food research initiative.--Subsection 
     (b)(9) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research 
     Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 3157(b)(9)) is amended--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking clause (iii);
       (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

       (I) in clause (i), by striking ``clauses (ii) and (iii),'' 
     and inserting ``clause (ii),''; and
       (II) by striking clause (iii); and

       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) Applied research.--An entity receiving a grant under 
     paragraph (5)(B) for applied research that is commodity-
     specific and not of national scope shall provide non-Federal 
     matching funds equal to not less than the amount of the 
     grant.''.
       (c) Application of Amendments.--
       (1) Awards made after date of enactment.--The amendments 
     made by subsections (a) and (b) shall apply with respect to 
     grants, cooperative agreements, or other awards described in 
     subsection (b) that are made after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act.
       (2) Awards made on or before date of enactment.--
     Notwithstanding the amendments made by subsections (a) and 
     (b), a matching funds requirement in effect on the day before 
     the date of enactment of this Act under a provision of law 
     amended by subsection (a) or (b) shall continue to apply to a 
     grant, cooperative agreement, or other award described in 
     subsection (b) that is made on or before the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

        Subtitle A--Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978

     SEC. 8101. SUPPORT FOR STATE ASSESSMENTS AND STRATEGIES FOR 
                   FOREST RESOURCES.

       Section 2A(f)(1) of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act 
     of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2101a(f)(1)) is amended by striking 
     ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 8102. STATE AND PRIVATE FOREST LANDSCAPE-SCALE 
                   RESTORATION PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Section 13A of the Cooperative Forestry 
     Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2109a) is amended to read 
     as follows:

     ``SEC. 13A. STATE AND PRIVATE FOREST LANDSCAPE-SCALE 
                   RESTORATION PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to encourage 
     collaborative, science-based restoration of priority forest 
     landscapes.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian tribe' has the 
     meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
     Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
       ``(2) Nonindustrial private forest land.--The term 
     `nonindustrial private forest land' means land that--
       ``(A) is rural, as determined by the Secretary;
       ``(B) has existing tree cover or is suitable for growing 
     trees; and
       ``(C) is owned by any private individual, group, 
     association, corporation, Indian tribe, or other private 
     legal entity.
       ``(3) State forest land.--The term `State forest land' 
     means land that--
       ``(A) is rural, as determined by the Secretary; and
       ``(B) is under State or local governmental ownership and 
     considered to be non-Federal forest land.
       ``(c) Establishment.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
     State foresters or appropriate State agencies, shall 
     establish a competitive grant program to provide financial 
     and technical assistance to encourage collaborative, science-
     based restoration of priority forest landscapes.
       ``(d) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
     this section, an applicant shall submit to the Secretary, 
     through the State forester or appropriate State agency, a 
     State and private forest landscape-scale restoration proposal 
     based on a restoration strategy that--
       ``(1) is complete or substantially complete;
       ``(2) is for a multiyear period;
       ``(3) covers nonindustrial private forest land or State 
     forest land;
       ``(4) is accessible by wood-processing infrastructure; and
       ``(5) is based on the best available science.
       ``(e) Plan Criteria.--A State and private forest landscape-
     scale restoration proposal submitted under this section shall 
     include plans--
       ``(1) to reduce the risk of uncharacteristic wildfires;
       ``(2) to improve fish and wildlife habitats, including the 
     habitats of threatened and endangered species;
       ``(3) to maintain or improve water quality and watershed 
     function;
       ``(4) to mitigate invasive species, insect infestation, and 
     disease;
       ``(5) to improve important forest ecosystems;
       ``(6) to measure ecological and economic benefits, 
     including air quality and soil quality and productivity; and
       ``(7) to take other relevant actions, as determined by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(f) Priorities.--In making grants under this section, the 
     Secretary shall give priority to plans that--
       ``(1) further a statewide forest assessment and resource 
     strategy;
       ``(2) promote cross boundary landscape collaboration; and
       ``(3) leverage public and private resources.
       ``(g) Collaboration and Consultation.--The Chief of the 
     Forest Service, the Chief of the Natural Resources 
     Conservation Service, and relevant stakeholders shall 
     collaborate and consult on an ongoing basis regarding--
       ``(1) administration of the program established under this 
     section; and
       ``(2) identification of other applicable resources for 
     landscape-scale restoration.
       ``(h) Matching Funds Required.--As a condition of receiving 
     a grant under this section, the Secretary shall require the 
     recipient of the grant to provide funds or in-kind support 
     from non-Federal sources in an amount that is at least equal 
     to the amount of Federal funds.
       ``(i) Coordination and Proximity Encouraged.--In making 
     grants under this section, the Secretary may consider 
     coordination with and proximity to other landscape-scale 
     projects on other land under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary, the Secretary of the Interior, or a Governor of a 
     State, including under--
       ``(1) the Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration 
     Program established under section 4003 of the Omnibus Public 
     Land Management Act of 2009 (16 U.S.C. 7303);
       ``(2) landscape areas designated for insect and disease 
     treatments under section 602 of the Healthy Forests 
     Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591a);
       ``(3) good neighbor authority under section 19;
       ``(4) stewardship end result contracting projects 
     authorized under section 604 of the Healthy Forests 
     Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591c);
       ``(5) appropriate State-level programs; and
       ``(6) other relevant programs, as determined by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(j) Regulations.--The Secretary shall promulgate such 
     regulations as the Secretary determines necessary to carry 
     out this section.
       ``(k) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
     enactment of this section, the Secretary

[[Page H9911]]

     shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
     and Forestry of the Senate a report on--
       ``(1) the status of development, execution, and 
     administration of selected projects;
       ``(2) the accounting of program funding expenditures; and
       ``(3) specific accomplishments that have resulted from 
     landscape-scale projects.
       ``(l) Fund.--
       ``(1) In general.--There is established in the Treasury a 
     fund, to be known as the `State and Private Forest Landscape-
     Scale Restoration Fund' (referred to in this subsection as 
     the `Fund'), to be used by the Secretary to make grants under 
     this section.
       ``(2) Contents.--The Fund shall consist of such amounts as 
     are appropriated to the Fund under paragraph (3).
       ``(3) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to the Fund $20,000,000 for each fiscal 
     year beginning with the first full fiscal year after the date 
     of enactment of this subsection through fiscal year 2023, to 
     remain available until expended.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section 13B of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act 
     of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2109b) is repealed.
       (2) Section 19(a)(4)(C) of the Cooperative Forestry 
     Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2113(a)(4)(C)) is amended 
     by striking ``sections 13A and 13B'' and inserting ``section 
     13A''.

 Subtitle B--Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Research Act of 
                                  1978

     SEC. 8201. REPEAL OF RECYCLING RESEARCH.

       Section 9 of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources 
     Research Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1648) is repealed.

     SEC. 8202. REPEAL OF FORESTRY STUDENT GRANT PROGRAM.

       Section 10 of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources 
     Research Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1649) is repealed.

        Subtitle C--Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 1990

     SEC. 8301. REPEALS RELATING TO BIOMASS.

       (a) Biomass Energy Demonstration Projects.--Section 2410 of 
     the Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
     6708) is repealed.
       (b) Interagency Cooperation to Maximize Biomass Growth.--
     Section 2411 of the Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 
     1990 (7 U.S.C. 6709) is amended in the matter preceding 
     paragraph (1) by striking ``to--'' and all that follows 
     through ``such forests and lands'' in paragraph (2) and 
     inserting ``to develop a program to manage forests and land 
     on Department of Defense military installations''.

          Subtitle D--Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003

     SEC. 8401. PROMOTING CROSS-BOUNDARY WILDFIRE MITIGATION.

       Section 103 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 
     (16 U.S.C. 6513) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(e) Cross-boundary Hazardous Fuel Reduction Projects.--
       ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) Hazardous fuel reduction project.--The term 
     `hazardous fuel reduction project' means a hazardous fuel 
     reduction project described in paragraph (2).
       ``(B) Non-federal land.--The term `non-Federal land' 
     includes--
       ``(i) State land;
       ``(ii) county land;
       ``(iii) Tribal land;
       ``(iv) private land; and
       ``(v) other non-Federal land.
       ``(2) Grants.--The Secretary may make grants to State 
     foresters to support hazardous fuel reduction projects that 
     incorporate treatments in landscapes across ownership 
     boundaries on Federal and non-Federal land, particularly in 
     areas identified as priorities in applicable State-wide 
     forest resource assessments or strategies under section 2A(a) 
     of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 
     2101a(a)), as mutually agreed to by the State forester and 
     the Regional Forester.
       ``(3) Land treatments.--To conduct and fund treatments for 
     hazardous fuel reduction projects carried out by State 
     foresters using grants under paragraph (2), the Secretary may 
     use the authorities of the Secretary relating to cooperation 
     and technical and financial assistance, including the good 
     neighbor authority under--
       ``(A) section 8206 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (16 
     U.S.C. 2113a); and
       ``(B) section 331 of the Department of the Interior and 
     Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 (16 U.S.C. 1011 
     note; Public Law 106-291).
       ``(4) Cooperation.--In carrying out a hazardous fuel 
     reduction project using a grant under paragraph (2) on non-
     Federal land, the State forester, in consultation with the 
     Secretary--
       ``(A) shall consult with any applicable owners of the non-
     Federal land; and
       ``(B) shall not implement the hazardous fuel reduction 
     project on non-Federal land without the consent of the owner 
     of the non-Federal land.
       ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $20,000,000 
     for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

     SEC. 8402. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR HAZARDOUS FUEL 
                   REDUCTION ON FEDERAL LAND.

       Section 108 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 
     (16 U.S.C. 6518) is amended by striking ``$760,000,000 for 
     each fiscal year'' and inserting ``$660,000,000 for each of 
     fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.

     SEC. 8403. REPEAL OF BIOMASS COMMERCIAL UTILIZATION GRANT 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Section 203 of the Healthy Forests 
     Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6531) is repealed.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the 
     Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6501 note; 
     Public Law 108-148) is amended by striking the item relating 
     to section 203.

     SEC. 8404. WATER SOURCE PROTECTION PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Title III of the Healthy Forests 
     Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6541 et seq.) is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 303. WATER SOURCE PROTECTION PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) End water user.--The term `end water user' means a 
     non-Federal entity, including--
       ``(A) a State;
       ``(B) a political subdivision of a State;
       ``(C) an Indian tribe;
       ``(D) a utility;
       ``(E) a municipal water system;
       ``(F) an irrigation district;
       ``(G) a nonprofit organization; and
       ``(H) a corporation.
       ``(2) Forest management activity.--The term `forest 
     management activity' means a project carried out by the 
     Secretary on National Forest System land.
       ``(3) Forest plan.--The term `forest plan' means a land 
     management plan prepared by the Forest Service for a unit of 
     the National Forest System pursuant to section 6 of the 
     Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 
     (16 U.S.C. 1604).
       ``(4) Non-federal partner.--The term `non-Federal partner' 
     means an end water user with whom the Secretary has entered 
     into a partnership agreement under subsection (c)(1).
       ``(5) Program.--The term `Program' means the Water Source 
     Protection Program established under subsection (b).
       ``(6) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
     of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the Forest 
     Service.
       ``(7) Water source management plan.--The term `water source 
     management plan' means the water source management plan 
     developed under subsection (d)(1).
       ``(b) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish and 
     maintain a program, to be known as the `Water Source 
     Protection Program', to carry out watershed protection and 
     restoration projects on National Forest System land.
       ``(c) Water Source Investment Partnerships.--
       ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the Program, the 
     Secretary may enter into water source investment partnership 
     agreements with end water users to protect and restore the 
     condition of National Forest watersheds that provide water to 
     the end water users.
       ``(2) Form.--A partnership agreement described in paragraph 
     (1) may take the form of--
       ``(A) a memorandum of understanding;
       ``(B) a cost-share or collection agreement;
       ``(C) a long-term funding matching commitment; or
       ``(D) another appropriate instrument, as determined by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(d) Water Source Management Plan.--
       ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the Program, the 
     Secretary, in cooperation with the non-Federal partners and 
     applicable State, local, and Tribal governments, may develop 
     a water source management plan that describes the proposed 
     implementation of watershed protection and restoration 
     projects under the Program.
       ``(2) Requirement.--A water source management plan shall be 
     conducted in a manner consistent with the forest plan 
     applicable to the National Forest System land on which the 
     watershed protection and restoration project is carried out.
       ``(3) Environmental analysis.--The Secretary may conduct a 
     single environmental impact statement or similar analysis 
     required under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
     (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.)--
       ``(A) for each watershed protection and restoration project 
     included in the water source management plan; or
       ``(B) as part of the development of, or after the 
     finalization of, the water source management plan.
       ``(e) Forest Management Activities.--
       ``(1) In general.--To the extent that forest management 
     activities are necessary to protect, maintain, or enhance 
     water quality, and in accordance with paragraph (2), the 
     Secretary shall carry out forest management activities as 
     part of watershed protection and restoration projects carried 
     out on National Forest System land, with the primary purpose 
     of--
       ``(A) protecting a municipal water supply system;
       ``(B) restoring forest health from insect infestations and 
     disease; or
       ``(C) any combination of the purposes described in 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B).
       ``(2) Compliance.--The Secretary shall carry out forest 
     management activities under paragraph (1) in accordance 
     with--
       ``(A) this Act;
       ``(B) the applicable water source management plan;
       ``(C) the applicable forest plan; and
       ``(D) other applicable laws.
       ``(f) Endangered Species Act of 1973.--In carrying out the 
     Program, the Secretary may use the Manual on Adaptive 
     Management of the Department of the Interior, including any 
     associated guidance, to comply with the Endangered Species 
     Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).
       ``(g) Funds and Services.--
       ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the Program, the 
     Secretary may accept and use funding, services, and other 
     forms of investment and assistance from non-Federal partners 
     to implement the water source management plan.

[[Page H9912]]

       ``(2) Matching funds required.--The Secretary shall require 
     the contribution of funds or in-kind support from non-Federal 
     partners to be in an amount that is at least equal to the 
     amount of Federal funds.
       ``(3) Manner of use.--The Secretary may accept and use 
     investments described in paragraph (1) directly or indirectly 
     through the National Forest Foundation.
       ``(4) Water source protection fund.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Secretary may establish a Water Source 
     Protection Fund to match funds or in-kind support contributed 
     by non-Federal partners under paragraph (1).
       ``(B) Use of appropriated funds.--There is authorized to be 
     appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each 
     of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.
       ``(C) Partnership agreements.--The Secretary may make 
     multiyear commitments, if necessary, to implement 1 or more 
     partnership agreements under subsection (c).''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the 
     Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6501 note; 
     Public Law 108-148) is amended by striking the item relating 
     to section 303 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 303. Water Source Protection Program.''.

     SEC. 8405. WATERSHED CONDITION FRAMEWORK.

       (a) In General.--Title III of the Healthy Forests 
     Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6541 et seq.) (as amended 
     by section 8404(a)) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 304. WATERSHED CONDITION FRAMEWORK.

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture, acting 
     through the Chief of the Forest Service (referred to in this 
     section as the `Secretary'), may establish and maintain a 
     Watershed Condition Framework for National Forest System 
     land--
       ``(1) to evaluate and classify the condition of watersheds, 
     taking into consideration--
       ``(A) water quality and quantity;
       ``(B) aquatic habitat and biota;
       ``(C) riparian and wetland vegetation;
       ``(D) the presence of roads and trails;
       ``(E) soil type and condition;
       ``(F) groundwater-dependent ecosystems;
       ``(G) relevant terrestrial indicators, such as fire regime, 
     risk of catastrophic fire, forest and rangeland vegetation, 
     invasive species, and insects and disease; and
       ``(H) other significant factors, as determined by the 
     Secretary;
       ``(2) to identify for protection and restoration up to 5 
     priority watersheds in each National Forest, and up to 2 
     priority watersheds in each national grassland, taking into 
     consideration the impact of the condition of the watershed 
     condition on--
       ``(A) wildfire behavior;
       ``(B) flood risk;
       ``(C) fish and wildlife;
       ``(D) drinking water supplies;
       ``(E) irrigation water supplies;
       ``(F) forest-dependent communities; and
       ``(G) other significant impacts, as determined by the 
     Secretary;
       ``(3) to develop a watershed protection and restoration 
     action plan for each priority watershed that--
       ``(A) takes into account existing restoration activities 
     being implemented in the watershed; and
       ``(B) includes, at a minimum--
       ``(i) the major stressors responsible for the impaired 
     condition of the watershed;
       ``(ii) a set of essential projects that, once completed, 
     will address the identified stressors and improve watershed 
     conditions;
       ``(iii) a proposed implementation schedule;
       ``(iv) potential partners and funding sources; and
       ``(v) a monitoring and evaluation program;
       ``(4) to prioritize protection and restoration activities 
     for each watershed restoration action plan;
       ``(5) to implement each watershed protection and 
     restoration action plan; and
       ``(6) to monitor the effectiveness of protection and 
     restoration actions and indicators of watershed health.
       ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall--
       ``(1) coordinate with interested non-Federal landowners and 
     State, Tribal, and local governments within the relevant 
     watershed; and
       ``(2) provide for an active and ongoing public engagement 
     process.
       ``(c) Emergency Designation.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2) 
     of subsection (a), the Secretary may identify a watershed as 
     a priority for rehabilitation in the Watershed Condition 
     Framework without using the process described in that 
     subsection if a Forest Supervisor determines that--
       ``(1) a wildfire has significantly diminished the condition 
     of the watershed; and
       ``(2) the emergency stabilization activities of the Burned 
     Area Emergency Response Team are insufficient to return the 
     watershed to proper function.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the 
     Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U