[Congressional Record Volume 164, Number 123 (Monday, July 23, 2018)]
[House]
[Pages H6653-H7088]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




  CONFERENCE REPORT AND EXPLANATORY MATERIAL STATEMENT ON H.R. 5515, 
 NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2019, SUBMITTED BY 
   MR. THORNBERRY, CHAIRMAN OF THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES

                  Conference Report (H. Rept. 115-863)

  The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the two 
Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 5515), to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2019 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes, 
having met, after full and free conference, have agreed to recommend 
and do recommend to their respective Houses as follows:
  That the House recede from its disagreement to the amendment of the 
Senate and agree to the same with an amendment as follows:
  In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the Senate 
amendment, insert the following:

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

       (a) In General.--This Act may be cited as the ``John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019''.
       (b) References.--Any reference in this or any other Act to 
     the ``National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019'' shall be deemed to be a reference to the ``John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019''.

     SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF 
                   CONTENTS.

       (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions 
     as follows:
       (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
       (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
       (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
     Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
       (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. National Guard and reserve component equipment report.
Sec. 112. Deployment by the Army of an interim cruise missile defense 
              capability.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Procurement authority for Ford class aircraft carrier 
              program.
Sec. 122. Full ship shock trial for Ford class aircraft carrier.
Sec. 123. Sense of Congress on accelerated production of aircraft 
              carriers.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for standard missile-6.
Sec. 125. Multiyear procurement authority for E-2D aircraft.
Sec. 126. Multiyear procurement authority for F/A-18E/F aircraft and 
              EA-18G aircraft.
Sec. 127. Modifications to F/A-18 aircraft to mitigate physiological 
              episodes.
Sec. 128. Frigate class ship program.
Sec. 129. Contract requirement for Virginia class submarine program.
Sec. 130. Prohibition on availability of funds for Navy port waterborne 
              security barriers.
Sec. 131. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
              contracts for certain vessels.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds for M27 Infantry 
              Automatic Rifle program.
Sec. 133. Report on degaussing standards for DDG-51 destroyers.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Inventory requirement for air refueling tanker aircraft; 
              limitation on retirement of KC-10A aircraft.
Sec. 142. Multiyear procurement authority for C-130J aircraft program.
Sec. 143. Contract for logistics support for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 144. Retirement date for VC-25A aircraft.
Sec. 145. Repeal of funding restriction for EC-130H Compass Call 
              Recapitalization Program.
Sec. 146. Limitation on use of funds for KC-46A aircraft pending 
              submittal of certification.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
              JSTARS Aircraft.
Sec. 148. Report on modernization of B-52H aircraft systems.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Procurement authority for additional icebreaker vessels.
Sec. 152. Buy-to-budget acquisition of F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 153. Certification on inclusion of technology to minimize 
              physiological episodes in certain aircraft.
Sec. 154. Armored commercial passenger-carrying vehicles.
Sec. 155. Quarterly updates on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of authority to carry out certain prototype 
              projects.
Sec. 212. Extension of directed energy prototype authority.
Sec. 213. Prohibition on availability of funds for the Weather Common 
              Component program.
Sec. 214. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 continuous 
              capability development and delivery.
Sec. 215. Limitation on availability of funds pending report on agile 
              software development and software operations.
Sec. 216. Limitation on availability of funds for certain high energy 
              laser advanced technology.
Sec. 217. Plan for the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 218. National Defense Science and Technology Strategy.
Sec. 219. Modification of CVN-73 to support fielding of MQ-25 unmanned 
              aerial vehicle.

[[Page H6654]]

Sec. 220. Establishment of innovators information repository in the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 221. Strategic plan for Department of Defense test and evaluation 
              resources.
Sec. 222. Collaboration between Defense laboratories, industry, and 
              academia; open campus program.
Sec. 223. Permanent extension and codification of authority to conduct 
              technology protection features activities during research 
              and development of defense systems.
Sec. 224. Codification and reauthorization of Defense Research and 
              Development Rapid Innovation Program.
Sec. 225. Procedures for rapid reaction to emerging technology.
Sec. 226. Activities on identification and development of enhanced 
              personal protective equipment against blast injury.
Sec. 227. Human factors modeling and simulation activities.
Sec. 228. Expansion of mission areas supported by mechanisms for 
              expedited access to technical talent and expertise at 
              academic institutions.
Sec. 229. Advanced manufacturing activities.
Sec. 230. National security innovation activities.
Sec. 231. Partnership intermediaries for promotion of defense research 
              and education.
Sec. 232. Limitation on use of funds for Surface Navy Laser Weapon 
              System.
Sec. 233. Expansion of coordination requirement for support for 
              national security innovation and entrepreneurial 
              education.
Sec. 234. Defense quantum information science and technology research 
              and development program.
Sec. 235. Joint directed energy test activities.
Sec. 236. Requirement for establishment of arrangements for expedited 
              access to technical talent and expertise at academic 
              institutions to support Department of Defense missions.
Sec. 237. Authority for Joint Directed Energy Transition Office to 
              conduct research relating to high powered microwave 
              capabilities.
Sec. 238. Joint artificial intelligence research, development, and 
              transition activities.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 241. Report on survivability of air defense artillery.
Sec. 242. T-45 aircraft physiological episode mitigation actions.
Sec. 243. Report on efforts of the Air Force to mitigate physiological 
              episodes affecting aircraft crewmembers.
Sec. 244. Report on Defense Innovation Unit Experimental.
Sec. 245. Modification of funding criteria under Historically Black 
              Colleges and Universities and minority institutions 
              program.
Sec. 246. Report on OA-X light attack aircraft applicability to partner 
              nation support.
Sec. 247. Reports on comparative capabilities of adversaries in key 
              technology areas.
Sec. 248. Report on active protection systems for armored combat and 
              tactical vehicles.
Sec. 249. Next Generation Combat Vehicle.
Sec. 250. Modification of reports on mechanisms to provide funds to 
              defense laboratories for research and development of 
              technologies for military missions.
Sec. 251. Briefings on Mobile Protected Firepower and Future Vertical 
              Lift programs.
Sec. 252. Improvement of the Air Force supply chain.
Sec. 253. Review of guidance on blast exposure during training.
Sec. 254. Competitive acquisition strategy for Bradley Fighting Vehicle 
              transmission replacement.
Sec. 255. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
              programs.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 312. Further improvements to energy security and resilience.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sales of electrical energy derived from 
              geothermal resources for projects at military 
              installations where resources are located.
Sec. 314. Operational energy policy.
Sec. 315. Funding of study and assessment of health implications of 
              per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in 
              drinking water by agency for toxic substances and disease 
              registry.
Sec. 316. Extension of authorized periods of permitted incidental 
              takings of marine mammals in the course of specified 
              activities by Department of Defense.
Sec. 317. Department of Defense environmental restoration programs.
Sec. 318. Joint study on the impact of wind farms on weather radars and 
              military operations.
Sec. 319. Core sampling at Joint Base San Antonio, Texas.
Sec. 320. Production and use of natural gas at Fort Knox, Kentucky.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Authorizing use of working capital funds for unspecified 
              minor military construction projects related to 
              revitalization and recapitalization of defense industrial 
              base facilities.
Sec. 322. Examination of Navy vessels.
Sec. 323. Limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of naval 
              vessels.
Sec. 324. Temporary modification of workload carryover formula.
Sec. 325. Limitation on use of funds for implementation of elements of 
              master plan for redevelopment of Former Ship Repair 
              Facility in Guam.
Sec. 326. Business case analysis for proposed relocation of J85 Engine 
              Regional Repair Center.
Sec. 327. Report on pilot program for micro-reactors.
Sec. 328. Limitation on modifications to Navy Facilities Sustainment, 
              Restoration, and Modernization structure and mechanism.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Reports on readiness.
Sec. 332. Matters for inclusion in quarterly reports on personnel and 
              unit readiness.
Sec. 333. Annual Comptroller General reviews of readiness of Armed 
              Forces to conduct full spectrum operations.
Sec. 334. Surface warfare training improvement.
Sec. 335. Report on optimizing surface Navy vessel inspections and crew 
              certifications.
Sec. 336. Report on depot-level maintenance and repair.
Sec. 337. Report on wildfire suppression capabilities of active and 
              reserve components.
Sec. 338. Report on relocation of steam turbine production from Nimitz-
              class and Ford-class aircraft carriers and Virginia-class 
              and Columbia-class submarines.
Sec. 339. Report on Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training 
              production, resourcing, and locations.
Sec. 340. Report on Air Force airfield operational requirements.
Sec. 341. Report on Navy surface ship repair contract costs.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 351. Coast Guard representation on explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Transportation to continental United States of retired 
              military working dogs outside the continental United 
              States that are suitable for adoption in the United 
              States.
Sec. 353. Scope of authority for restoration of land due to mishap.
Sec. 354. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 355. Study on phasing out open burn pits.
Sec. 356. Notification requirements relating to changes to uniform of 
              members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 357. Reporting on future years budgeting by subactivity group.
Sec. 358. Limitation on availability of funds for service-specific 
              Defense Readiness Reporting Systems.
Sec. 359. Prioritization of environmental impacts for facilities 
              sustainment, restoration, and modernization demolition.
Sec. 360. Sense of Congress relating to Soo Locks, Sault Sainte Marie, 
              Michigan.
Sec. 361. U.S. Special Operations Command Civilian Personnel.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
              levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
              reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
              active duty for operational support.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Repeal of requirement for ability to complete 20 years of 
              service by age 62 as qualification for original 
              appointment as a regular commissioned officer.
Sec. 502. Enhancement of availability of constructive service credit 
              for private sector training or experience upon original 
              appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Standardized temporary promotion authority across the 
              military departments for officers in certain grades with 
              critical skills.
Sec. 504. Authority for promotion boards to recommend officers of 
              particular merit be placed higher on a promotion list.
Sec. 505. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board 
              consideration.
Sec. 506. Applicability to additional officer grades of authority for 
              continuation on active duty of officers in certain 
              military specialties and career tracks.

[[Page H6655]]

Sec. 507. Alternative promotion authority for officers in designated 
              competitive categories of officers.
Sec. 508. Attending Physician to the Congress.
Sec. 509. Matters relating to satisfactory service in grade for 
              purposes of retirement grade of officers in highest grade 
              of satisfactory service.
Sec. 510. Grades of Chiefs of Chaplains.
Sec. 511. Repeal of original appointment qualification requirement for 
              warrant officers in the regular Army.
Sec. 512. Reduction in number of years of active naval service required 
              for permanent appointment as a limited duty officer.
Sec. 513. Authority to designate certain reserve officers as not to be 
              considered for selection for promotion.
Sec. 514. GAO review of surface warfare career paths.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 515. Authorized strength and distribution in grade.
Sec. 516. Repeal of prohibition on service on Army Reserve Forces 
              Policy Committee by members on active duty.
Sec. 517. Expansion of personnel subject to authority of the Chief of 
              the National Guard Bureau in the execution of functions 
              and missions of the National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 518. Authority to adjust effective date of promotion in the event 
              of undue delay in extending Federal recognition of 
              promotion.
Sec. 519. National Guard Youth Challenge Program.
Sec. 520. Extension of authority for pilot program on use of retired 
              senior enlisted members of the Army National Guard as 
              Army National Guard recruiters.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 521. Enlistments vital to the national interest.
Sec. 522. Statement of benefits.
Sec. 523. Modification to forms of support that may be accepted in 
              support of the mission of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting 
              Agency.
Sec. 524.  Assessment of Navy standard workweek and related 
              adjustments.
Sec. 525. Notification on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 526. Navy watchstander records.
Sec. 527. Qualification experience requirements for certain Navy 
              watchstations.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Inclusion of strangulation and suffocation in conduct 
              constituting aggravated assault for purposes of the 
              Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 532. Punitive article on domestic violence under the Uniform Code 
              of Military Justice.
Sec. 533. Authorities of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
              Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 534. Report on feasibility of expanding services of the Special 
              Victims' Counsel to victims of domestic violence.
Sec. 535. Uniform command action form on disposition of unrestricted 
              sexual assault cases involving members of the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 536. Standardization of policies related to expedited transfer in 
              cases of sexual assault or domestic violence.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Clarification of expiration of term of appellate military 
              judges of the United States Court of Military Commission 
              Review.
Sec. 542. Security clearance reinvestigation of certain personnel who 
              commit certain offenses.
Sec. 543. Development of oversight plan for implementation of 
              Department of Defense harassment prevention and response 
              policy.
Sec. 544. Oversight of registered sex offender management program.
Sec. 545. Development of resource guides regarding sexual assault for 
              the military service academies.
Sec. 546. Improved crime reporting.
Sec. 547. Report on victims of sexual assault in reports of military 
              criminal investigative organizations.

   Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 551. Permanent career intermission program.
Sec. 552. Improvements to Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 553. Repeal of program on encouragement of postseparation public 
              and community service.
Sec. 554. Clarification of application and honorable service 
              requirements under the Troops-to-Teachers Program to 
              members of the Retired Reserve.
Sec. 555. Employment and compensation of civilian faculty members at 
              the Joint Special Operations University.
Sec. 556. Program to assist members of the Armed Forces in obtaining 
              professional credentials.
Sec. 557. Enhancement of authorities in connection with Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps programs.
Sec. 558. Expansion of period of availability of Military OneSource 
              program for retired and discharged members of the Armed 
              Forces and their immediate families.
Sec. 559. Prohibition on use of funds for attendance of enlisted 
              personnel at senior level and intermediate level officer 
              professional military education courses.

               Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education

Sec. 561. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 562. Department of Defense Education Activity policies and 
              procedures on sexual harassment of students of Activity 
              schools.
Sec. 563. Department of Defense Education Activity misconduct database.
Sec. 564. Assessment and report on active shooter threat mitigation at 
              schools located on military installations.

             Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 571. Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council 
              matters.
Sec. 572. Enhancement and clarification of family support services for 
              family members of members of special operations forces.
Sec. 573. Temporary expansion of authority for noncompetitive 
              appointments of military spouses by Federal agencies.
Sec. 574. Improvement of My Career Advancement Account program for 
              military spouses.
Sec. 575.  Assessment and report on the effects of permanent changes of 
              station on employment among military spouses.
Sec. 576. Provisional or interim clearances to provide childcare 
              services at military childcare centers.
Sec. 577. Multidisciplinary teams for military installations on child 
              abuse and other domestic violence.
Sec. 578. Pilot program for military families: prevention of child 
              abuse and training on safe childcare practices.
Sec. 579. Assessment and report on small business activities of 
              military spouses on military installations in the United 
              States.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Atomic veterans service certificate.
Sec. 582. Award of medals or other commendations to handlers of 
              military working dogs.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of distinguished-service cross to 
              Justin T. Gallegos for acts of valor during Operation 
              Enduring Freedom.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Annual defense manpower requirements report matters.
Sec. 592. Burial of unclaimed remains of inmates at the United States 
              Disciplinary Barracks Cemetery, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Sec. 593. Standardization of frequency of academy visits of the Air 
              Force Academy Board of Visitors with academy visits of 
              boards of other military service academies.
Sec. 594. National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service 
              matters.
Sec. 595. Public availability of top-line numbers of deployed members 
              of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on general and flag officer costs.
Sec. 597. Study on active service obligations for medical training with 
              other service obligations for education or training and 
              health professional recruiting.
Sec. 598. Criteria for interment at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 599. Limitation on use of funds pending submittal of report on 
              Army Marketing and Advertising Program.
Sec. 600. Proof of period of military service for purposes of interest 
              rate limitation under the Servicemembers Civil Relief 
              Act.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Repeal of authority for payment of personal money allowances 
              to Navy officers serving in certain positions.
Sec. 602. Eligibility of reserve component members for high-deployment 
              allowance for lengthy or numerous deployments and 
              frequent mobilizations.
Sec. 603. Prohibition on per diem allowance reductions based on the 
              duration of temporary duty assignment or civilian travel.
Sec. 604. Extension of parking expenses allowance to civilian employees 
              at recruiting facilities.
Sec. 605. Eligibility of reserve component members for nonreduction in 
              pay while serving in the uniformed services or National 
              Guard.
Sec. 606. Military Housing Privatization Initiative.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
              authorities.
Sec. 612. Report on imminent danger pay and hostile fire pay.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 621. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
              privileges to certain veterans and their caregivers.

[[Page H6656]]

Sec. 622. Technical corrections in calculation and publication of 
              special survivor indemnity allowance cost of living 
              adjustments.
Sec. 623. Authority to award damaged personal protective equipment to 
              members separating from the Armed Forces and veterans as 
              mementos of military service.
Sec. 624. Space-available travel on Department of Defense aircraft for 
              veterans with service-connected disabilities rated as 
              total.
Sec. 625. Mandatory increase in insurance coverage under 
              Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance for members deployed 
              to combat theaters of operation.
Sec. 626. Access to military installations for certain surviving 
              spouses and other next of kin of members of the Armed 
              Forces who die while on active duty or certain reserve 
              duty.
Sec. 627. Study and report on development of a single defense resale 
              system.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Cessation of requirement for mental health assessment of 
              members after redeployment from a contingency operation 
              upon discharge or release from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 702. Pilot program on treatment of members of the Armed Forces for 
              post-traumatic stress disorder related to military sexual 
              trauma.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Improvement of administration of the Defense Health Agency 
              and military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 712. Organizational framework of the military healthcare system to 
              support the medical requirements of the combatant 
              commands.
Sec. 713. Administration of TRICARE dental plans through the Federal 
              Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
Sec. 714. Streamlining of TRICARE Prime beneficiary referral process.
Sec. 715. Sharing of information with State prescription drug 
              monitoring programs.
Sec. 716. Pilot program on opioid management in the military health 
              system.
Sec. 717. Wounded warrior policy review.
Sec. 718. Medical simulation technology and live tissue training within 
              the Department of Defense.
Sec. 719. Improvements to trauma center partnerships.
Sec. 720. Improvement to notification to Congress of hospitalization of 
              combat-wounded members of the Armed Forces.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
              Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
              Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 732. Joint forces medical capabilities development and 
              standardization.
Sec. 733. Inclusion of gambling disorder in health assessments of 
              members of the Armed Forces and related research efforts.
Sec. 734. Report on requirement for certain former members of the Armed 
              Forces to enroll in Medicare Part B to be eligible for 
              TRICARE for Life.
Sec. 735. Pilot program on earning by special operations forces medics 
              of credit toward a physician assistant degree.
Sec. 736. Strategic medical research plan.
Sec. 737. Comptroller General of the United States review of Defense 
              Health Agency oversight of transition between managed 
              care support contractors for the TRICARE program.
Sec. 738. Comptroller General study on availability of long-term care 
              options for veterans from Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 739. Increase in number of appointed members of the Henry M. 
              Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military 
              Medicine.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

Sec. 800. Effective dates; coordination of amendments.

     Subtitle A--Streamlining of Defense Acquisition Statutes and 
                              Regulations

Part I--Consolidation of Defense Acquisition Statutes in New Part V of 
               Subtitle A of Title 10, United States Code

Sec. 801. Framework for new part V of subtitle A.

Part II--Redesignation of Sections and Chapters of Subtitles B, C, and 
             D to Provide Room for New Part V of Subtitle A

Sec. 806. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle D of title 
              10, United States Code--Air Force.
Sec. 807. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle C of title 
              10, United States Code--Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 808. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle B of title 
              10, United States Code--Army.
Sec. 809. Cross references to redesignated sections and chapters.

   Part III--Repeals of Certain Provisions of Defense Acquisition Law

Sec. 811. Amendment to and repeal of statutory requirements for certain 
              positions or offices in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 812. Repeal of certain defense acquisition laws.
Sec. 813. Repeal of certain Department of Defense reporting 
              requirements.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 816. Modification of limitations on single source task or delivery 
              order contracts.
Sec. 817. Preliminary cost analysis requirement for exercise of 
              multiyear contract authority.
Sec. 818. Revision of requirement to submit information on services 
              contracts to Congress.
Sec. 819. Data collection and inventory for services contracts.
Sec. 820. Report on clarification of services contracting definitions.
Sec. 821. Increase in micro-purchase threshold applicable to Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 822. Department of Defense contracting dispute matters.
Sec. 823. Inclusion of best available information regarding past 
              performance of subcontractors and joint venture partners.
Sec. 824. Subcontracting price and approved purchasing systems.
Sec. 825. Modification of criteria for waivers of requirement for 
              certified cost and price data.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 831. Revisions in authority relating to program cost targets and 
              fielding targets for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 832. Implementation of recommendations of the Independent Study on 
              Consideration of Sustainment in Weapons Systems Life 
              Cycle.
Sec. 833. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and 
              related initiatives.

          Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 836. Revision of definition of commercial item for purposes of 
              Federal acquisition statutes.
Sec. 837. Limitation on applicability to Department of Defense 
              commercial contracts of certain provisions of law.
Sec. 838. Modifications to procurement through commercial e-commerce 
              portals.
Sec. 839. Review of Federal acquisition regulations on commercial 
              products, commercial services, and commercially available 
              off-the-shelf items.

                  Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 841. Report on limited sourcing of specific components for Naval 
              vessels.
Sec. 842. Removal of national interest determination requirements for 
              certain entities.
Sec. 843. Pilot program to test machine-vision technologies to 
              determine the authenticity and security of 
              microelectronic parts in weapon systems.
Sec. 844. Limitation on certain procurements application process.
Sec. 845. Report on defense electronics industrial base.
Sec. 846. Support for defense manufacturing communities to support the 
              defense industrial base.
Sec. 847. Limitation on procurement of certain items for T-AO-205 
              program.

                   Subtitle F--Small Business Matters

Sec. 851. Department of Defense small business strategy.
Sec. 852. Prompt payments of small business contractors.
Sec. 853. Increased participation in the Small Business Administration 
              microloan program.
Sec. 854. Amendments to Small Business Innovation Research Program and 
              Small Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 855. Construction contract administration.
Sec. 856. Comptroller General study of impact of broadband speed and 
              price on small businesses.
Sec. 857. Consolidated budget display for the Department of Defense 
              Small Business Innovation Research Program and Small 
              Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 858. Funding for procurement technical assistance program.
Sec. 859. Authorization for payment of certain costs relating to 
              procurement technical assistance centers.
Sec. 860. Commercialization Assistance Pilot Program.
Sec. 861. Puerto Rico businesses.
Sec. 862. Opportunities for employee-owned business concerns through 
              Small Business Administration loan programs.

 Subtitle G--Provisions Related to Software and Technical Data Matters

Sec. 865. Validation of proprietary and technical data.
Sec. 866. Continuation of technical data rights during challenges.
Sec. 867. Requirement for negotiation of technical data price before 
              sustainment of major weapon systems.

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Sec. 868. Implementation of recommendations of the final report of the 
              Defense Science Board Task Force on the Design and 
              Acquisition of Software for Defense Systems.
Sec. 869. Implementation of pilot program to use agile or iterative 
              development methods required under section 873 of the 
              National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
Sec. 870. Report on requiring access to digital technical data in 
              future acquisitions of combat, combat service, and combat 
              support systems.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 871. Prohibition on acquisition of sensitive materials from non-
              allied foreign nations.
Sec. 872. Extension of prohibition on providing funds to the enemy.
Sec. 873. Data, policy, and reporting on the use of other transactions.
Sec. 874. Standardization of formatting and public accessibility of 
              Department of Defense reports to Congress.
Sec. 875. Promotion of the use of Government-wide and other interagency 
              contracts.
Sec. 876. Increasing competition at the task order level.
Sec. 877. Individual acquisition for commercial leasing services.
Sec. 878. Procurement administrative lead time definition and plan.
Sec. 879. Briefing on funding of product support strategies.
Sec. 880. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
              process.
Sec. 881. Permanent Supply Chain Risk Management Authority.
Sec. 882. Review of market research.
Sec. 883. Establishment of integrated review team on defense 
              acquisition industry-government exchange.
Sec. 884. Exchange program for acquisition workforce employees.
Sec. 885. Process to limit foreign access to technology.
Sec. 886. Procurement of telecommunications supplies for experimental 
              purposes.
Sec. 887. Access by developmental and operational testing activities to 
              data regarding modeling and simulation activity.
Sec. 888. Instruction on pilot program regarding employment of persons 
              with disabilities.
Sec. 889. Prohibition on certain telecommunications and video 
              surveillance services or equipment.
Sec. 890. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing 
              processes.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Report on allocation of former responsibilities of the Under 
              Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
              Logistics.
Sec. 902. Modification of responsibilities of the Under Secretary of 
              Defense for Policy.
Sec. 903. Clarification of responsibilities and duties of the Chief 
              Information Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 904. Technical corrections to Department of Defense Test Resource 
              Management Center authority.
Sec. 905. Specification of certain duties of the Defense Technical 
              Information Center.

Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 911. Comprehensive review of operational and administrative 
              chains-of-command and functions of the Department of the 
              Navy.
Sec. 912. Modification of certain responsibilities of the Chairman of 
              the Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force concept 
              development.
Sec. 913. Clarification of certain risk assessment requirements of the 
              Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in connection with 
              the National Military Strategy.
Sec. 914.  Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and 
              Low Intensity Conflict review of United States Special 
              Operations Command.
Sec. 915. Expansion of principal duties of Assistant Secretary of the 
              Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition.
Sec. 916. Qualifications for appointment as Deputy Chief Management 
              Officer of a military department.
Sec. 917. Deadline for completion of full implementation of 
              requirements in connection with organization of the 
              Department of Defense for management of special 
              operations forces and special operations.
Sec. 918. Cross-functional teams in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 919. Limitation on transfer of the Chemical, Biological, and 
              Radiological Defense Division of the Navy.

  Subtitle C--Comprehensive Pentagon Bureaucracy Reform and Reduction

Sec. 921. Authorities and responsibilities of the Chief Management 
              Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 922. Analysis of Department of Defense business management and 
              operations datasets to promote savings and efficiencies.
Sec. 923. Periodic review of the Defense Agencies and Department of 
              Defense Field Activities by the Chief Management Officer 
              of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 924. Actions to increase the efficiency and transparency of the 
              Defense Logistics Agency.
Sec. 925. Review of functions of Defense Contract Audit Agency and 
              Defense Contract Management Agency.
Sec. 926. Review and improvement of the operations of the Defense 
              Finance and Accounting Service.
Sec. 927. Assessment of chief information officer functions in 
              connection with transition to enterprise-wide management 
              of information technology and computing.
Sec. 928. Comptroller General of the United States report on cross-
              enterprise activities of the Inspectors General of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 929. General provisions.

  Subtitle D--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                Matters

Sec. 931. Limitation on availability of funds for major headquarters 
              activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 932. John S. McCain Strategic Defense Fellows Program.
Sec. 933. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.
Sec. 934. Report on implementation of requirements on estimation and 
              comparison of costs of civilian and military manpower and 
              contract support for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 935. Review of foreign currency exchange rates and analysis of 
              Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Defense appropriation.
Sec. 936. Responsibility for policy on civilian casualty matters.
Sec. 937. Additional matters in connection with background and security 
              investigations for Department of Defense personnel.
Sec. 938. Research and development to advance capabilities of the 
              Department of Defense in data integration and advanced 
              analytics in connection with personnel security.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 941. Trusted information provider program for national security 
              positions and positions of trust.
Sec. 942. Report on expedited processing of security clearances for 
              mission-critical positions.
Sec. 943. Report on clearance in person concept.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Expertise in audit remediation.
Sec. 1003. Authority to transfer funds to Director of National 
              Intelligence for CAPNET.
Sec. 1004. Audit of financial systems of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1005. Report on auditable financial statements.
Sec. 1006. Transparency of accounting firms used to support Department 
              of Defense audit.

                Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1011. Inclusion of operation and sustainment costs in annual naval 
              vessel construction plans.
Sec. 1012. Purchase of vessels using funds in National Defense Sealift 
              Fund.
Sec. 1013. Purchase of vessels built in foreign shipyards with funds in 
              National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1014. Date of listing of vessels as battle force ships in the 
              Naval Vessel Register and other fleet inventory measures.
Sec. 1015. Technical corrections and clarifications to chapter 633 of 
              title 10, United States Code, and other provisions of law 
              regarding naval vessels.
Sec. 1016. Dismantlement and disposal of nuclear-powered aircraft 
              carriers.
Sec. 1017. Limitation on use of funds for retirement of hospital ships.
Sec. 1018. Inclusion of aircraft carrier refueling overhaul budget 
              request in annual budget justification materials.
Sec. 1019. Business case analysis of Ready Reserve Force 
              recapitalization options.
Sec. 1020. Transfer of excess naval vessel to Bahrain.

                      Subtitle C--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Definition of sensitive military operation.
Sec. 1032. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
              relinquish control of United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
              individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify 
              facilities in the United States to house detainees 
              transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
              Bay, Cuba.

[[Page H6658]]

Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
              individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.

         Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Strategic guidance documents within the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 1042. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.
Sec. 1043. Coordinating United States response to malign foreign 
              influence operations and campaigns.
Sec. 1044. Clarification of reimbursable allowed costs of FAA memoranda 
              of agreement.
Sec. 1045. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.
Sec. 1046. Mitigation of operational risks posed to certain military 
              aircraft by automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast 
              equipment.
Sec. 1047. Limitation on availability of funds for unmanned surface 
              vehicles.
Sec. 1048. Pilot program for Department of Defense controlled 
              unclassified information in the hands of industry.
Sec. 1049. Critical technologies list.
Sec. 1050. Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry.
Sec. 1051. National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence.
Sec. 1052. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1053. Guidance on the electronic warfare mission area and joint 
              electromagnetic spectrum operations.

                    Subtitle E--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Annual reports by the Armed Forces on Out-Year Unconstrained 
              Total Munitions Requirements and Out-Year inventory 
              numbers.
Sec. 1062. Improvement of annual report on civilian casualties in 
              connection with United States military operations.
Sec. 1063. Report on capabilities and capacities of Armored Brigade 
              Combat Teams.
Sec. 1064. Activities and reporting relating to Department of Defense's 
              Cloud Initiative.
Sec. 1065. Limitation on use of funds for United States Special 
              Operations Command Global Messaging and Counter-Messaging 
              platform.
Sec. 1066. Comprehensive review of professionalism and ethics programs 
              for special operations forces.
Sec. 1067. Munitions assessments and future-years defense program 
              requirements.
Sec. 1068. Report on establishment of Army Futures Command.
Sec. 1069. Report on cyber-enabled information operations.
Sec. 1070. Report on unmanned aircraft in Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 1071. Report on an updated Arctic strategy.
Sec. 1072. Report on use and availability of military installations for 
              disaster response.
Sec. 1073. Report on Department of Defense participation in Export 
              Administration Regulations license application review 
              process.
Sec. 1074. Military aviation readiness review in support of the 
              National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 1075. Report on highest-priority roles and missions of the 
              Department of Defense and the Armed Forces.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Principal Advisor on Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction.
Sec. 1083. Modification of authority to transfer aircraft to other 
              departments for wildfire suppression purposes.
Sec. 1084. Improvement of database on emergency response capabilities.
Sec. 1085. Disclosure requirements for United States-based foreign 
              media outlets.
Sec. 1086. United States policy with respect to freedom of navigation 
              and overflight.
Sec. 1087. National Commission on Military Aviation Safety.
Sec. 1088. Sense of Congress regarding the international borders of the 
              United States.
Sec. 1089. Policy on response to juvenile-on-juvenile problematic 
              sexual behavior committed on military installations.
Sec. 1090. Recognition of America's veterans.
Sec. 1091. Prohibition of funds for Chinese language instruction 
              provided by a Confucius Institute.
Sec. 1092. Department of Defense engagement with certain nonprofit 
              entities in support of missions of deployed United States 
              personnel around the world.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Direct hire authority for the Department of Defense for 
              certain competitive service positions.
Sec. 1102. Modification of direct hire authority for the Department of 
              Defense for post-secondary students and recent graduates.
Sec. 1103. Extension of overtime rate authority for Department of the 
              Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside in 
              support of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward 
              deployed in Japan.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension and expansion of authority to waive 
              annual limitation on premium pay and aggregate limitation 
              on pay for Federal civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1105. Extension of authority to conduct telework travel expenses 
              test programs.
Sec. 1106. Personnel demonstration projects.
Sec. 1107. Expanded flexibility in selecting candidates from referral 
              lists.
Sec. 1108. Expedited hiring authority for college graduates and post 
              secondary students.
Sec. 1109. Inapplicability of certification of executive qualifications 
              by qualification review boards of Office of Personnel 
              Management for initial appointments to Senior Executive 
              Service positions in Department of Defense.
Sec. 1110. Engagement with Historically Black Colleges and Universities 
              and minority-serving institutions for the purposes of 
              technical workforce enhancement.
Sec. 1111. Inclusion of Strategic Capabilities Office and Defense 
              Innovation Unit Experimental of the Department of Defense 
              in personnel management authority to attract experts in 
              science and engineering.
Sec. 1112. Enhancement of flexible management authorities for science 
              and technology reinvention laboratories of the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 1113. Inclusion of Office of Secretary of Defense among components 
              of the Department of Defense covered by direct hire 
              authority for financial management experts.
Sec. 1114. Alcohol testing of civil service mariners of the Military 
              Sealift Command assigned to vessels.
Sec. 1115. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
              allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian 
              personnel on official duty in a combat zone.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification of authority to build the capacity of foreign 
              security forces.
Sec. 1202. Clarification of authority for use of advisors and trainers 
              for training of personnel of foreign ministries with 
              security missions under defense institution capacity 
              building authorities.
Sec. 1203. Increase in cost limitation and additional notification 
              required for small scale construction related to security 
              cooperation.
Sec. 1204. Technical corrections relating to defense security 
              cooperation statutory reorganization.
Sec. 1205. Review and report on processes and procedures used to carry 
              out section 362 of title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 1206. Report on the use of security cooperation authorities.
Sec. 1207. Participation in and support of the Inter-American Defense 
              College.
Sec. 1208. Naval Small Craft Instruction and Technical Training School.
Sec. 1209. Expansion of Regional Defense Combating Terrorism Fellowship 
              Program to include irregular warfare.
Sec. 1210. Modification to Department of Defense State Partnership 
              Program.
Sec. 1211. Assessment, monitoring, and evaluation of security 
              cooperation.
Sec. 1212. Legal and policy review of advise, assist, and accompany 
              missions.
Sec. 1213. Extension and modification of authority to support border 
              security operations of certain foreign countries.
Sec. 1214. Framework for obtaining concurrence for participation in 
              activities of regional centers for security studies.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1221. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
              provide defense services to the military and security 
              forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of reporting requirements for 
              special immigrant visas for Afghan allies program.
Sec. 1223. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1224. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
              Program.
Sec. 1225. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
              certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
              States military operations.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1231. Extension and modification of authority to provide 
              assistance to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1232. Syrian war crimes accountability.
Sec. 1233. Extension of authority to provide assistance to counter the 
              Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1234. Limitation on assistance to the Government of Iraq.
Sec. 1235. Extension and modification of authority to support 
              operations and activities of the Office of Security 
              Cooperation in Iraq.

[[Page H6659]]

Sec. 1236. Modification of annual report on military power of Iran.
Sec. 1237. Strategy to counter destabilizing activities of Iran.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1241. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
              of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1242. Limitation on availability of funds relating to 
              implementation of the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1243. Determination required regarding material breach of INF 
              Treaty by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1244. Comprehensive response to the Russian Federation's material 
              breach of the INF Treaty.
Sec. 1245. Report on implementation of the New START Treaty.
Sec. 1246. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
              Initiative.
Sec. 1247. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
              United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1248. Sense of Congress on enhancing deterrence against Russian 
              aggression in Europe.

        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Name of United States Indo-Pacific Command.
Sec. 1252. Redesignation, expansion, and extension of Southeast Asia 
              Maritime Security Initiative.
Sec. 1253. Redesignation and modification of sense of Congress and 
              initiative for the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1254. Assessment of and report on geopolitical conditions in the 
              Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1255. Sense of Congress on extended nuclear deterrence in the 
              Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1256. Reinstatement of reporting requirements with respect to 
              United States-Hong Kong relations.
Sec. 1257. Strengthening Taiwan's force readiness.
Sec. 1258. Sense of Congress on Taiwan.
Sec. 1259. Prohibition on participation of the People's Republic of 
              China in Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) naval exercises.
Sec. 1260. Modification of annual report on military and security 
              developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1261. United States strategy on China.
Sec. 1262. Report on military and coercive activities of the People's 
              Republic of China in South China Sea.
Sec. 1263. Requirement for critical languages and expertise in Chinese, 
              Korean, Russian, Farsi, and Arabic.
Sec. 1264. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
              members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who 
              are deployed to the Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1265. Reports on nuclear capabilities of the Democratic People's 
              Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1266. Modification of report required under enhancing defense and 
              security cooperation with India.

                 Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 1271. Modification of authorities relating to acquisition and 
              cross-servicing agreements.
Sec. 1272. United States-Israel countering unmanned aerial systems 
              cooperation.
Sec. 1273. Enhancement of U.S.-Israel defense cooperation.
Sec. 1274. Review to determine whether the Armed Forces or coalition 
              partners of the United States violated Federal law or 
              Department of Defense policy while conducting operations 
              in Yemen.
Sec. 1275. Report on United States Government security cooperation and 
              assistance programs with Mexico.
Sec. 1276. Report on Department of Defense missions, operations, and 
              activities in Niger.
Sec. 1277. Report on the security relationship between the United 
              States and the Republic of Cyprus.
Sec. 1278. Sense of Congress on detention of United States citizens by 
              the Government of the Republic of Turkey.
Sec. 1279. Technical amendments related to NATO Support and Procurement 
              Organization and related NATO agreements.
Sec. 1280. Report on permanent stationing of United States forces in 
              the Republic of Poland.
Sec. 1281. Report on strengthening NATO cyber defense.
Sec. 1282. Report on status of the United States relationship with the 
              Republic of Turkey.
Sec. 1283. Sense of the Congress concerning military-to-military 
              dialogues.
Sec. 1284. Modifications to Global Engagement Center.
Sec. 1285. Sense of Congress on countering hybrid threats and malign 
              influence.
Sec. 1286. Initiative to support protection of national security 
              academic researchers from undue influence and other 
              security threats.
Sec. 1287. Report on Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador.
Sec. 1288. Modification of freedom of navigation reporting 
              requirements.
Sec. 1289. Coordination of efforts to negotiate free trade agreements 
              with certain sub-Saharan African countries.
Sec. 1290. Certifications regarding actions by Saudi Arabia and the 
              United Arab Emirates in Yemen.
Sec. 1291. Treatment of Rwandan Patriotic Front and Rwandan Patriotic 
              Army under Immigration and Nationality Act.
Sec. 1292. Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
              Trade Treaty.
Sec. 1293. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
              support to certain organizations.
Sec. 1294. Modified waiver authority for certain sanctionable 
              transactions under section 231 of the Countering 
              America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act.
Sec. 1295. Rule of construction relating to the use of force.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301.  Funding allocations.
Sec. 1302.  Specification of cooperative threat reduction funds.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

                Subtitle B--Armed Forces Retirement Home

Sec. 1411. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
              Home.
Sec. 1412. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Forces 
              Retirement Home.
Sec. 1413. Oversight of health care provided to residents of the Armed 
              Forces Retirement Home.
Sec. 1414. Modification of authority on acceptance of gifts for the 
              Armed Forces Retirement Home.
Sec. 1415. Relief for residents of the Armed Forces Retirement Home 
              impacted by increase in fees.
Sec. 1416. Limitation on applicability of fee increase for residents of 
              the Armed Forces Retirement Home.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1421. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
              Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs medical facility 
              demonstration fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health 
              Care Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1422. Economical and efficient operation of working capital fund 
              activities.
Sec. 1423. Consolidation of reporting requirements under the Strategic 
              and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act.
Sec. 1424. Quarterly briefing on progress of chemical demilitarization 
              program.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1509. Defense health program.

                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.
Sec. 1513. Overseas contingency operations.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization.
Sec. 1522. Enduring costs funded through overseas contingency 
              operations.
Sec. 1523. Comptroller General report on use of funds provided by 
              overseas contingency operations.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Improvements to acquisition system, personnel, and 
              organization of space forces.
Sec. 1602. Modifications to Space Rapid Capabilities Office.
Sec. 1603. Rapid, responsive, and reliable space launch.
Sec. 1604. Provision of space situational awareness services and 
              information.
Sec. 1605. Budget assessments for national security space programs.
Sec. 1606. Improvements to commercial space launch operations.
Sec. 1607. Space warfighting policy, review of space capabilities, and 
              plan on space warfighting readiness.
Sec. 1608. Use of small- and medium-size buses for strategic and 
              tactical satellite payloads.
Sec. 1609. Enhancement of positioning, navigation, and timing capacity.
Sec. 1610. Designation of component of Department of Defense 
              responsible for coordination of modernization efforts 
              relating to military-code capable GPS receiver cards.

[[Page H6660]]

Sec. 1611. Designation of component of Department of Defense 
              responsible for coordination of hosted payload 
              information.
Sec. 1612. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Space 
              Operations Center mission system.
Sec. 1613. Evaluation and enhanced security of supply chain for 
              protected satellite communications programs and overhead 
              persistent infrared systems.
Sec. 1614. Report on protected satellite communications.
Sec. 1615. Report on enhancements to the Global Positioning System 
              Operational Control Segment.
Sec. 1616. Report on persistent weather imagery for United States 
              Central Command.
Sec. 1617. Study on space-based radio frequency mapping.
Sec. 1618. Independent study on space launch locations.
Sec. 1619. Briefing on commercial satellite servicing capabilities.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Role of Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
Sec. 1622. Security vetting for foreign nationals.
Sec. 1623. Department of Defense Counterintelligence polygraph program.
Sec. 1624. Defense intelligence business management systems.
Sec. 1625. Modification to annual briefing on the intelligence, 
              surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of the 
              combatant commands.
Sec. 1626. Framework on governance, mission management, resourcing, and 
              effective oversight of combat support agencies that are 
              also elements of the intelligence community.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1631. Reorganization and consolidation of certain cyber 
              provisions.
Sec. 1632. Affirming the authority of the Secretary of Defense to 
              conduct military activities and operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1633. Department of Defense Cyber Scholarship Program scholarships 
              and grants.
Sec. 1634. Amendments to pilot program regarding cyber vulnerabilities 
              of Department of Defense critical infrastructure.
Sec. 1635. Modification of acquisition authority of the Commander of 
              the United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1636. Policy of the United States on cyberspace, cybersecurity, 
              cyber warfare, and cyber deterrence.
Sec. 1637. Budget display for cyber vulnerability evaluations and 
              mitigation activities for major weapon systems of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 1638. Determination of responsibility for the Department of 
              Defense Information Networks.
Sec. 1639. Procedures and reporting requirement on cybersecurity 
              breaches and loss of personally identifiable information 
              and controlled unclassified information.
Sec. 1640. Program to establish cyber institutes at institutions of 
              higher learning.
Sec. 1641. Matters pertaining to the SharkSeer cybersecurity program.
Sec. 1642. Active defense against the Russian Federation, People's 
              Republic of China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, 
              and Islamic Republic of Iran attacks in cyberspace.
Sec. 1643. Designation of official for matters relating to integrating 
              cybersecurity and industrial control systems within the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 1644. Assistance for small manufacturers in the defense industrial 
              supply chain and universities on matters relating to 
              cybersecurity.
Sec. 1645. Email and Internet website security and authentication.
Sec. 1646. Security product integration framework.
Sec. 1647. Information security continuous monitoring and cybersecurity 
              scorecard.
Sec. 1648. Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a cyber 
              incident.
Sec. 1649. Pilot program on modeling and simulation in support of 
              military homeland defense operations in connection with 
              cyber attacks on critical infrastructure.
Sec. 1650. Pilot program authority to enhance cybersecurity and 
              resiliency of critical infrastructure.
Sec. 1651. Pilot program on regional cybersecurity training center for 
              the Army National Guard.
Sec. 1652. Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1653. Study and report on reserve component cyber civil support 
              teams.
Sec. 1654. Identification of countries of concern regarding 
              cybersecurity.
Sec. 1655. Mitigation of risks to national security posed by providers 
              of information technology products and services who have 
              obligations to foreign governments.
Sec. 1656. Report on Cybersecurity Apprentice Program.
Sec. 1657. Report on enhancement of software security for critical 
              systems.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1661. Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and 
              the Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1662. Long-range standoff weapon requirements.
Sec. 1663. Acceleration of ground-based strategic deterrent program and 
              long-range standoff weapon program.
Sec. 1664. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
              ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1665. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
              missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1666. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for mobile 
              variant of ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1667. Exchange program for nuclear weapons program employees.
Sec. 1668. Plan to train officers in nuclear command, control, and 
              communications.
Sec. 1669. Independent study on options to increase Presidential 
              decision-time regarding nuclear weapons employment.
Sec. 1670. Extension of annual report on plan for the nuclear weapons 
              stockpile, nuclear weapons complex, nuclear weapons 
              delivery systems, and nuclear weapons command and control 
              system.
Sec. 1671. Plan for alignment of acquisition of warhead life extension 
              programs and delivery vehicles for such warheads.
Sec. 1672. Annual report on development of long-range stand-off weapon.
Sec. 1673. Sense of Congress on nuclear posture of the United States.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1675. Development of persistent space-based sensor architecture.
Sec. 1676. Boost phase ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 1677. Extension of requirement for reports on unfunded priorities 
              of Missile Defense Agency.
Sec. 1678. Extension of prohibition relating to missile defense 
              information and systems.
Sec. 1679. Modification of requirement relating to transition of 
              ballistic missile defense programs to military 
              departments.
Sec. 1680. Modification of requirement to develop a space-based 
              ballistic missile intercept layer.
Sec. 1681. Improvements to acquisition processes of Missile Defense 
              Agency.
Sec. 1682. Layered defense of the United States homeland.
Sec. 1683. Testing of redesigned kill vehicle prior to production and 
              ground-based midcourse defense acceleration options.
Sec. 1684. Requirements for ballistic missile defense capable ships.
Sec. 1685. Multiyear procurement authority for standard missile-3 IB 
              guided missiles.
Sec. 1686. Limitation on availability of funds for Army lower tier air 
              and missile defense sensor.
Sec. 1687. Missile defense radar in Hawaii.
Sec. 1688. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
              cooperative missile defense program co-development and 
              co-production.
Sec. 1689. Acceleration of hypersonic missile defense program.
Sec. 1690. Report on ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 1691. Sense of Congress on allied partnerships for missile 
              defense.
Sec. 1692. Sense of Congress on testing by Missile Defense Agency.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1695. Extension of Commission to Assess the Threat to the United 
              States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attacks and Similar 
              Events.
Sec. 1696. Procurement of ammonium perchlorate and other chemicals for 
              use in solid rocket motors.
Sec. 1697. Budget exhibit on support provided to entities outside 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 1698. Conventional prompt global strike hypersonic capabilities.
Sec. 1699. Report regarding industrial base for large solid rocket 
              motors.

      TITLE XVII--REVIEW OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT AND EXPORT CONTROLS

    Subtitle A--Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States

Sec. 1701. Short title: Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization 
              Act of 2018.
Sec. 1702. Findings; sense of Congress.
Sec. 1703. Definitions.
Sec. 1704. Acceptance of written notices.
Sec. 1705. Inclusion of partnership and side agreements in notice.
Sec. 1706. Declarations for certain covered transactions.
Sec. 1707. Stipulations regarding transactions.
Sec. 1708. Authority for unilateral initiation of reviews.
Sec. 1709. Timing for reviews and investigations.
Sec. 1710. Identification of non-notified and non-declared 
              transactions.
Sec. 1711. Submission of certifications to Congress.
Sec. 1712. Analysis by Director of National Intelligence.
Sec. 1713. Information sharing.
Sec. 1714. Action by the President.
Sec. 1715. Judicial review.
Sec. 1716. Considerations for regulations.
Sec. 1717. Membership and staff of Committee.

[[Page H6661]]

Sec. 1718. Actions by the Committee to address national security risks.
Sec. 1719. Modification of annual report and other reporting 
              requirements.
Sec. 1720. Certification of notices and information.
Sec. 1721. Implementation plans.
Sec. 1722. Assessment of need for additional resources for Committee.
Sec. 1723. Funding.
Sec. 1724. Centralization of certain Committee functions.
Sec. 1725. Conforming amendments.
Sec. 1726. Briefing on information from transactions reviewed by 
              Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States 
              relating to foreign efforts to influence democratic 
              institutions and processes.
Sec. 1727. Effective date.
Sec. 1728. Severability.

                   Subtitle B--Export Control Reform

Sec. 1741. Short title.
Sec. 1742. Definitions.

            Part I--Authority and Administration of Controls

Sec. 1751. Short title.
Sec. 1752. Statement of policy.
Sec. 1753. Authority of the President.
Sec. 1754. Additional authorities.
Sec. 1755. Administration of export controls.
Sec. 1756. Licensing.
Sec. 1757. Compliance assistance.
Sec. 1758. Requirements to identify and control the export of emerging 
              and foundational technologies.
Sec. 1759. Review relating to countries subject to comprehensive United 
              States arms embargo.
Sec. 1760. Penalties.
Sec. 1761. Enforcement.
Sec. 1762. Administrative procedure.
Sec. 1763. Review of interagency dispute resolution process.
Sec. 1764. Consultation with other agencies on commodity 
              classification.
Sec. 1765. Annual report to Congress.
Sec. 1766. Repeal.
Sec. 1767. Effect on other Acts.
Sec. 1768. Transition provisions.

                   Part II--Anti-Boycott Act of 2018

Sec. 1771. Short title.
Sec. 1772. Statement of policy.
Sec. 1773. Foreign boycotts.
Sec. 1774. Enforcement.

                  Part III--Administrative Authorities

Sec. 1781. Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 1791. Extension of authority.
Sec. 1792. Limitation on cancellation of designation of Secretary of 
              the Air Force as Department of Defense Executive Agent 
              for a certain Defense Production Act program.
Sec. 1793. Review of and report on certain defense technologies 
              critical to the United States maintaining superior 
              military capabilities.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
              specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
              projects.
Sec. 2105. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2016 
              project.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain phased 
              project authorized in fiscal years 2015, 2016, and 2017.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2017 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2018 project.
Sec. 2308. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 
              projects.
Sec. 2309. Additional authority to carry out project at Travis Air 
              Force Base, California, in fiscal year 2019.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized defense agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, defense agencies.
Sec. 2404. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
              projects.
Sec. 2405. Authorization of certain fiscal year 2018 project.

                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601 . Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
              construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2016 project.
Sec. 2612. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2018 project.
Sec. 2613. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 
              project.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
              closure activities funded through Department of Defense 
              Base Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Additional authority to realign or close certain military 
              installations.
Sec. 2703. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
              closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing

Sec. 2801. Modification of contract authority for acquisition, 
              construction, or furnishing of test facilities and 
              equipment.
Sec. 2802. Commercial construction standards for facilities on leased 
              property.
Sec. 2803. Congressional oversight of projects carried out pursuant to 
              laws other than Military Construction Authorization Acts.
Sec. 2804. Small business set-aside for contracts for architectural and 
              engineering services and construction design.
Sec. 2805. Updates and modifications to Department of Defense Form 
              1391, Unified Facilities Criteria, and military 
              installation master plans.
Sec. 2806. Work in Process Curve charts and outlay tables for military 
              construction projects.
Sec. 2807. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
              and maintenance funds for construction projects in 
              certain areas outside the United States.
Sec. 2808. Authority to obtain architectural and engineering services 
              and construction design for defense laboratory 
              modernization program.
Sec. 2809. Repeal of limitation on certain Guam project.
Sec. 2810. Enhancing force protection and safety on military 
              installations.
Sec. 2811. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished 
              energy for new medical center in Germany.

        Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Force structure plans and infrastructure capabilities 
              necessary to support the force structure.
Sec. 2822. Exemption of Department of Defense off-site use and off-site 
              removal only non-mobile properties from certain excess 
              property disposal requirements.
Sec. 2823. Retrofitting existing windows in military family housing 
              units to be equipped with fall prevention devices.
Sec. 2824. Updating prohibition on use of certain assessment of public 
              schools on Department of Defense installations to 
              supersede funding of certain projects.
Sec. 2825. Study of feasibility of using 20-year intergovernmental 
              support agreements for installation-support services.
Sec. 2826. Representation of installation interests in negotiations and 
              proceedings with carriers and other public utilities.
Sec. 2827. Clarification to include National Guard installations in 
              Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration 
              program.

[[Page H6662]]

                      Subtitle C--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2841. Land exchange, Air Force Plant 44, Tucson, Arizona.
Sec. 2842. Authority for transfer of administrative jurisdiction over 
              certain lands, Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center 
              Twentynine Palms, California, and Marine Corps Air 
              Station Yuma, Arizona.
Sec. 2843. Environmental restoration and future conveyance of portion 
              of former Mare Island Firing Range, Vallejo, California.
Sec. 2844. Release of restrictions, University of California, San 
              Diego.
Sec. 2845. Land exchange, Naval support activity, Washington Navy Yard, 
              District of Columbia.
Sec. 2846. Land conveyance, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.
Sec. 2847. Public inventory of Guam land parcels for transfer to 
              Government of Guam.
Sec. 2848. Modification of conditions on land conveyance, Joliet Army 
              Ammunition Plant, Illinois.
Sec. 2849. Land conveyance, Naval Academy dairy farm, Gambrills, 
              Maryland.
Sec. 2850. Technical correction of description of Limestone Hills 
              Training Area Land Withdrawal and Reservation, Montana.
Sec. 2851. Land conveyance, Wasatch-Cache National Forest, Rich County, 
              Utah.
Sec. 2852. Commemoration of Freedman's Village.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 2861. Defense community infrastructure pilot program.
Sec. 2862. Strategic plan to improve capabilities of Department of 
              Defense training ranges and installations.
Sec. 2863. Restrictions on use of funds for development of public 
              infrastructure in Commonwealth of Northern Mariana 
              Islands.
Sec. 2864. Study and report on inclusion of Coleman Bridge, York River, 
              Virginia, in Strategic Highway Network.
Sec. 2865. Defense access roads relating to closures due to sea level 
              fluctuation and flooding.
Sec. 2866. Authority to transfer funds for construction of Indian River 
              Bridge.
Sec. 2867. Plan to allow increased public access to the National Naval 
              Aviation Museum and Barrancas National Cemetery, Naval 
              Air Station Pensacola.

   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized defense agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 2906. Restrictions on use of funds for planning and design costs 
              of European Deterrence Initiative projects.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

   Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Development of low-yield nuclear weapons.
Sec. 3112. Department of Energy counterintelligence polygraph program.
Sec. 3113. Inclusion of capital assets acquisition projects in 
              activities by Director for Cost Estimating and Program 
              Evaluation.
Sec. 3114. Modification of authority for acceptance of contributions 
              for acceleration of removal or security of fissile 
              materials, radiological materials, and related equipment 
              at vulnerable sites worldwide.
Sec. 3115. Notification regarding air release of radioactive or 
              hazardous material at Hanford Nuclear Reservation.
Sec. 3116. Amendments to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
Sec. 3117. Extension of enhanced procurement authority to manage supply 
              chain risk.
Sec. 3118. Hanford waste tank cleanup program.
Sec. 3119. Use of funds for construction and project support activities 
              relating to MOX facility.
Sec. 3120. Plutonium pit production.
Sec. 3121. Pilot program on conduct by Department of Energy of 
              background reviews for access by certain individuals to 
              national security laboratories.
Sec. 3122. Prohibition on availability of funds for programs in Russian 
              Federation.
Sec. 3123. Prohibition on availability of funds for research and 
              development of advanced naval nuclear fuel system based 
              on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3124. Limitation on availability of funds relating to submission 
              of annual reports on unfunded priorities.

                     Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3131. Modifications to cost-benefit analyses for competition of 
              management and operating contracts.
Sec. 3132. Nuclear forensics analyses.
Sec. 3133. Review of defense environmental cleanup activities.
Sec. 3134. Whistleblower protections.
Sec. 3135. Implementation of Nuclear Posture Review by National Nuclear 
              Security Administration.
Sec. 3136. Survey of workforce of national security laboratories and 
              nuclear weapons production facilities.
Sec. 3137. Elimination of certain reports.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 3141. Acceleration of replacement of cesium blood irradiation 
              sources.
Sec. 3142. Sense of Congress regarding compensation of individuals 
              relating to uranium mining and nuclear testing.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                  Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Compliance by Ready Reserve Fleet vessels with SOLAS 
              lifeboats and fire suppression requirements.
Sec. 3503. Maritime Administration National Security Multi-Mission 
              Vessel Program.
Sec. 3504. Permanent authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue 
              vessel war risk insurance.
Sec. 3505. Use of State maritime academy training vessels.
Sec. 3506. Concurrent jurisdiction.
Sec. 3507. United States Merchant Marine Academy policy on sexual 
              harassment, dating violence, domestic violence, sexual 
              assault, and stalking.
Sec. 3508. Report on implementation of recommendations for the United 
              States Merchant Marine Academy Sexual Assault Prevention 
              and Response Program.
Sec. 3509. Report on the application of the Uniform Code of Military 
              Justice to the United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3510. Electronic records on mariner availability to meet national 
              security needs.
Sec. 3511. Small shipyard grants.
Sec. 3512. Sea year on contracted vessels.
Sec. 3513. GAO report on national maritime strategy.
Sec. 3514. Multi-year contracts.
Sec. 3515. Miscellaneous.
Sec. 3516. Department of Transportation Inspector General report on 
              Title XI program.

                        Subtitle B--Coast Guard

Sec. 3521. Alignment with Department of Defense and sea services 
              authorities.
Sec. 3522. Preliminary development and demonstration.
Sec. 3523. Contract termination.
Sec. 3524. Reimbursement for travel expenses.
Sec. 3525. Capital investment plan.
Sec. 3526. Major acquisition program risk assessment.
Sec. 3527. Marine safety implementation status.
Sec. 3528. Retirement of Vice Commandant.
Sec. 3529. Large recreational vessel regulations.

       Subtitle C--Coast Guard and Shipping Technical Corrections

                         Chapter 1--Coast Guard

Sec. 3531. Commandant defined.
Sec. 3532. Training course on workings of Congress.
Sec. 3533. Miscellaneous.
Sec. 3534. Department of Defense consultation.
Sec. 3535. Repeal.
Sec. 3536. Mission need statement.
Sec. 3537. Continuation on active duty.
Sec. 3538. System acquisition authorization.
Sec. 3539. Inventory of real property.

                   Chapter 2--Maritime Transportation

Sec. 3541. Definitions.
Sec. 3542. Authority to exempt vessels.
Sec. 3543. Passenger vessels.
Sec. 3544. Tank vessels.
Sec. 3545. Grounds for denial or revocation.
Sec. 3546. Miscellaneous corrections to title 46, U.S.C.
Sec. 3547. Miscellaneous corrections to Oil Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 3548. Miscellaneous corrections.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
              contingency operations.

[[Page H6663]]

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
              operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

     SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

       In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' 
     has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of 
     title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

       The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of 
     complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall 
     be determined by reference to the latest statement titled 
     ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation'' for this Act, 
     jointly submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by 
     the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget Committees, 
     provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
     vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference 
     report or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. National Guard and reserve component equipment report.
Sec. 112. Deployment by the Army of an interim cruise missile defense 
              capability.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Procurement authority for Ford class aircraft carrier 
              program.
Sec. 122. Full ship shock trial for Ford class aircraft carrier.
Sec. 123. Sense of Congress on accelerated production of aircraft 
              carriers.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for standard missile-6.
Sec. 125. Multiyear procurement authority for E-2D aircraft.
Sec. 126. Multiyear procurement authority for F/A-18E/F aircraft and 
              EA-18G aircraft.
Sec. 127. Modifications to F/A-18 aircraft to mitigate physiological 
              episodes.
Sec. 128. Frigate class ship program.
Sec. 129. Contract requirement for Virginia class submarine program.
Sec. 130. Prohibition on availability of funds for Navy port waterborne 
              security barriers.
Sec. 131. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
              contracts for certain vessels.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds for M27 Infantry 
              Automatic Rifle program.
Sec. 133. Report on degaussing standards for DDG-51 destroyers.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Inventory requirement for air refueling tanker aircraft; 
              limitation on retirement of KC-10A aircraft.
Sec. 142. Multiyear procurement authority for C-130J aircraft program.
Sec. 143. Contract for logistics support for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 144. Retirement date for VC-25A aircraft.
Sec. 145. Repeal of funding restriction for EC-130H Compass Call 
              Recapitalization Program.
Sec. 146. Limitation on use of funds for KC-46A aircraft pending 
              submittal of certification.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
              JSTARS Aircraft.
Sec. 148. Report on modernization of B-52H aircraft systems.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Procurement authority for additional icebreaker vessels.
Sec. 152. Buy-to-budget acquisition of F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 153. Certification on inclusion of technology to minimize 
              physiological episodes in certain aircraft.
Sec. 154. Armored commercial passenger-carrying vehicles.
Sec. 155. Quarterly updates on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program.

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

     SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2019 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the 
     Marine Corps, the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as 
     specified in the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

     SEC. 111. NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVE COMPONENT EQUIPMENT 
                   REPORT.

       (a) In General.--Section 10541(b) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(10) A joint assessment by the Chief of Staff of the Army 
     and the Chief of the National Guard Bureau on the efforts of 
     the Army to achieve parity among the active component, the 
     Army Reserve, and the Army National Guard with respect to 
     equipment and capabilities. Each assessment shall include a 
     comparison of the inventory of high priority items of 
     equipment available to each component of the Army described 
     in preceding sentence, including--
       ``(A) AH-64 Attack Helicopters;
       ``(B) UH-60 Black Hawk Utility Helicopters;
       ``(C) Abrams Main Battle Tanks;
       ``(D) Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicles;
       ``(E) Stryker Combat Vehicles; and
       ``(F) any other items of equipment identified as high 
     priority by the Chief of Staff of the Army or the Chief of 
     the National Guard Bureau.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall apply with respect to reports required to be submitted 
     under section 10541 of title 10, United States Code, after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 112. DEPLOYMENT BY THE ARMY OF AN INTERIM CRUISE MISSILE 
                   DEFENSE CAPABILITY.

       (a) Certification Required.--Not later than 30 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall certify to the congressional defense committees 
     whether there is a need for the Army to deploy an interim 
     missile defense capability.
       (b) Deployment.--
       (1) In general.--If the Secretary of Defense certifies that 
     there is a need for the Army to deploy an interim missile 
     defense capability under subsection (a), the Secretary of the 
     Army shall deploy the capability as follows:
       (A) Two batteries of the capability shall be deployed by 
     not later than September 30, 2020.
       (B) Two additional batteries of the capability shall be 
     deployed by not later than September 30, 2023.
       (2) Achievement of deployment deadlines.--In order to meet 
     the deadlines for deployment specified in paragraph (1) the 
     Secretary of the Army may--
       (A) deploy systems that require the least amount of 
     development;
       (B) procure non-developmental air and missile defense 
     systems currently in production to ensure rapid delivery of 
     capability;
       (C) use existing systems, components, and capabilities 
     already in the Joint Force inventory, including rockets and 
     missiles as available;
       (D) use operational information technology for 
     communication, detection, and fire control that is certified 
     to work with existing joint information technology systems to 
     ensure interoperability;
       (E) engage and collaborate with officials, organizations, 
     and activities of the Department of Defense with 
     responsibilities relating to science and technology, 
     engineering, testing, and acquisition, including the Defense 
     Innovation United Experimental, the Director of Operational 
     Test and Evaluation, the Defense Digital Service, the 
     Strategic Capabilities Office, and the Rapid Capabilities 
     offices, to accelerate the development, testing, and 
     deployment of existing systems;
       (F) use institutional and operational basing to facilitate 
     rapid training and fielding;
       (G) consider a range of direct energy weapon systems to 
     compete for the 2023 deployment specified in paragraph 
     (1)(B); and
       (H) carry out such other activities as the Secretary 
     determines to be appropriate.
       (3) Authorities.--In carrying out paragraphs (1) and (2), 
     Secretary of the Army may use any authority of the Secretary 
     relating to acquisition, technology transfer, and personnel 
     management that the Secretary considers appropriate, 
     including rapid acquisition and rapid prototyping 
     authorities, to resource and procure an interim missile 
     defense capability.
       (4) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Army may waive the 
     deadlines for deployment specified in paragraph (1) if the 
     Secretary determines that sufficient funds have not been 
     appropriated to enable the Secretary to meet such deadlines.
       (c) In General.--If the Secretary of the Army will deploy 
     an interim missile defense capability pursuant to subsection 
     (b), then, by not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary, in 
     consultation with the Chief of Staff of the Army, shall 
     provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a briefing that includes--
       (1) recommendations identifying any interim missile defense 
     capabilities to be deployed and a proposed rapid acquisition 
     schedule for such capabilities;
       (2) a plan to rapidly resource any identified shortfalls 
     for any such capability selected for deployment; and
       (3) a schedule and timeline for the fielding and deployment 
     of any such capability.
       (d) Interim Missile Defense Capability Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``interim missile defense capability'' 
     means a fixed-site, cruise missile defense capability that 
     may be deployed before the Indirect Fire Protection 
     Capability of the Army becomes fully operational.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

     SEC. 121. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT 
                   CARRIER PROGRAM.

       (a) Contract Authority.--
       (1) Procurement authorized.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
     enter into one or more contracts, beginning with the fiscal 
     year 2019 program year, for the procurement of one Ford class 
     aircraft carrier to be designated CVN-81.
       (2) Procurement in conjunction with cvn-80.--The aircraft 
     carrier authorized to be procured under paragraph (1) may be 
     procured as an addition to the contract covering the Ford 
     class aircraft carrier designated CVN-80 that is authorized 
     to be constructed under section 121 of the John Warner 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 
     (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2104).

[[Page H6664]]

       (b) Certification Required.--A contract may not be entered 
     into under subsection (a) unless the Secretary of Defense 
     certifies to the congressional defense committees, in 
     writing, not later than 30 days before entry into the 
     contract, each of the following, which shall be prepared by 
     the milestone decision authority for the Ford class aircraft 
     carrier program:
       (1) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
     savings compared to the total anticipated costs of carrying 
     out the program through annual contracts. In certifying cost 
     savings under the preceding sentence, the Secretary shall 
     include a written explanation of--
       (A) the estimated obligations and expenditures by fiscal 
     year for CVN-80 and CVN-81, by hull, without the authority 
     provided in subsection (a);
       (B) the estimated obligations and expenditures by fiscal 
     year for CVN-80 and CVN-81, by hull, with the authority 
     provided in subsection (a);
       (C) the estimated cost savings or increase by fiscal year 
     for CVN-80 and CVN-81, by hull, with the authority provided 
     in subsection (a);
       (D) the discrete actions that will accomplish such cost 
     savings or avoidance; and
       (E) the contractual actions that will ensure the estimated 
     cost savings are realized.
       (2) There is a reasonable expectation that throughout the 
     contemplated contract period the Secretary of Defense will 
     request funding for the contract at the level required to 
     avoid contract cancellation.
       (3) There is a stable design for the property to be 
     acquired and that the technical risks associated with such 
     property are not excessive.
       (4) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
     anticipated cost avoidance through the use of a contract 
     authorized under subsection (a) are realistic.
       (5) The use of such a contract will promote the national 
     security of the United States.
       (6) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
     awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the 
     contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
     program (as defined under section 221 of title 10, United 
     States Code) for such fiscal year will include the funding 
     required to execute the program without cancellation.
       (7) The contract will be a fixed price type contract.
       (c) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to a contract 
     entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy 
     may use incremental funding to make payments under the 
     contract. No such payments may be obligated after the date 
     that is 11 months after the date on which the fitting out of 
     the aircraft carrier associated with the contract is 
     completed.
       (d) Liability.--A contract entered into under subsection 
     (a) shall provide that the total liability to the Government 
     for termination of the contract entered into shall be limited 
     to the total amount of funding obligated at the time of 
     termination.
       (e) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year is subject to the availability of 
     appropriations for that purpose for such fiscal year.
       (f) Milestone Decision Authority Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``milestone decision authority'' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 2366a(d) of title 10, United 
     States Code.

     SEC. 122. FULL SHIP SHOCK TRIAL FOR FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT 
                   CARRIER.

       The Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that full ship shock 
     trials results are incorporated into the construction of the 
     Ford class aircraft carrier designated CVN-81.

     SEC. 123. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ACCELERATED PRODUCTION OF 
                   AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

       It is the sense of Congress that the United States should 
     accelerate the production of aircraft carriers to rapidly 
     achieve the Navy's goal of having 12 operational aircraft 
     carriers.

     SEC. 124. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR STANDARD 
                   MISSILE-6.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Navy may enter into one or more multiyear contracts, 
     beginning with the fiscal year 2019 program year, for the 
     procurement of up to 625 standard missile-6 missiles at a 
     rate of not more than 125 missiles per year during the 
     covered period.
       (b) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order 
     Quantity.--The Secretary may enter into one or more contracts 
     for advance procurement associated with the missiles 
     (including economic order quantity) for which authorization 
     to enter into a multiyear procurement contract is provided 
     under subsection (a).
       (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations or funds for that 
     purpose for such later fiscal year.
       (d) Covered Period Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered period'' means the 5-year period beginning with the 
     fiscal year 2019 program year and ending with the fiscal year 
     2023 program year.

     SEC. 125. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR E-2D AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Navy may enter into one or more multiyear contracts, 
     beginning with the fiscal year 2019 program year, for the 
     procurement of up to 24 E-2D aircraft.
       (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for 
     such later fiscal year.

     SEC. 126. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR F/A-18E/F 
                   AIRCRAFT AND EA-18G AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Navy may enter into one or more multiyear contracts, 
     beginning with the fiscal year 2019 program year, for the 
     procurement of the following:
       (1) F/A-18E/F aircraft.
       (2) EA-18G aircraft.
       (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations or funds for that 
     purpose for such later fiscal year.
       (c) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order 
     Quantity.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into one or 
     more contracts, beginning in fiscal year 2019, for advance 
     procurement associated with the aircraft for which 
     authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement contract 
     is provided under subsection (a), which may include one or 
     more contracts for the procurement of economic order 
     quantities of material and equipment for such aircraft.

     SEC. 127. MODIFICATIONS TO F/A-18 AIRCRAFT TO MITIGATE 
                   PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES.

       (a) Modifications Required.--The Secretary of the Navy 
     shall modify the F/A-18 aircraft to reduce the occurrence of, 
     and mitigate the risk posed by, physiological episodes 
     affecting crewmembers of the aircraft. The modifications 
     shall include, at minimum--
       (1) replacement of the F/A-18 cockpit altimeter;
       (2) upgrade of the F/A-18 onboard oxygen generation system;
       (3) redesign of the F/A-18 aircraft life support systems 
     required to meet onboard oxygen generation system input 
     specifications; and
       (4) installation of equipment associated with improved F/A-
     18 physiological monitoring and alert systems.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, and 
     annually thereafter through February 1, 2021, the Secretary 
     of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a written update on the status of all 
     modifications to the F/A-18 aircraft carried out by the 
     Secretary pursuant to subsection (a).
       (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the 
     requirement to make a modification under subsection (a) if 
     the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
     committees that the specific modification is inadvisable and 
     provides a detailed justification for excluding the 
     modification from the Navy's planned upgrades for the F/A-18 
     aircraft.

     SEC. 128. FRIGATE CLASS SHIP PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--As part of the solicitation for proposals 
     for the procurement of any frigate class ship in any of 
     fiscal years 2019, 2020, or 2021, the Secretary of the Navy 
     shall require that offerors submit proposals under which the 
     offeror agrees to convey technical data to the Federal 
     Government in the event the offeror is awarded the frigate 
     construction contract associated with the proposal.
       (b) Technical Data Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``technical data'' means a compilation of detailed 
     engineering plans and specifications for the construction of 
     a frigate class ship.

     SEC. 129. CONTRACT REQUIREMENT FOR VIRGINIA CLASS SUBMARINE 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 124 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (d) through (f) as 
     subsections (e) through (g), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c), the following:
       ``(d) Contract Requirement.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall ensure 
     that a contract entered into under subsection (a) includes an 
     option to procure a Virginia class submarine in each of 
     fiscal years 2022 and 2023.
       ``(2) Option defined.--In this subsection, the term 
     `option' has the meaning given that term in part 2.101 of the 
     Federal Acquisition Regulation.''.

     SEC. 130. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR NAVY PORT 
                   WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

       (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsections (b) and 
     (c), none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
     Act or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense 
     for fiscal year 2019 may be obligated or expended to procure 
     legacy waterborne security barriers for Navy ports.
       (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the 
     prohibition in subsection (a) not less than 30 days after 
     submitting to the congressional defense committees--
       (1) a Navy requirements document that specifies key 
     performance parameters and key system attributes for new 
     waterborne security barriers for Navy ports;
       (2) a certification that the level of capability specified 
     under paragraph (1) will meet or exceed that of legacy 
     waterborne security barriers for Navy ports;
       (3) the acquisition strategy for the recapitalization of 
     legacy waterborne security barriers for Navy ports, which 
     shall meet or exceed the requirements specified under 
     paragraph (1); and
       (4) a certification that any contract for new waterborne 
     security barriers for a Navy port will be awarded in 
     accordance with the requirements for full and open 
     competition set forth in section 2304 of title 10, United 
     States Code.

[[Page H6665]]

       (c) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not 
     apply to any of the following activities:
       (1) The sustainment, refurbishment, and replacement of 
     portions of existing waterborne security barriers at Navy 
     ports due to normal wear and tear.
       (2) The procurement of new waterborne security barriers for 
     Navy ports due to exigent circumstances.

     SEC. 131. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON USE OF SOLE-SOURCE 
                   SHIPBUILDING CONTRACTS FOR CERTAIN VESSELS.

       Section 124 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), as amended by section 
     127 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2018 (Public Law 115-91), is further amended by striking ``or 
     fiscal year 2018'' and inserting ``, fiscal year 2018, or 
     fiscal year 2019''.

     SEC. 132. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR M27 
                   INFANTRY AUTOMATIC RIFLE PROGRAM.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 
     for the M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle program of the Marine 
     Corps, not more than 80 percent may be obligated or expended 
     until the date on which the Commandant of the Marine Corps 
     submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives the assessment described in 
     subsection (b).
       (b) Assessment.--The assessment described in this 
     subsection is a written summary of the views of the Marine 
     Corps with respect to the Small Arms Ammunition Configuration 
     Study of the Army, including--
       (1) an explanation of how the study informs the future 
     small arms modernization requirements of the Marine Corps; 
     and
       (2) near-term and long-term modernization strategies for 
     the small arms weapon systems of the Marine Corps, including 
     associated funding and schedule profiles.

     SEC. 133. REPORT ON DEGAUSSING STANDARDS FOR DDG-51 
                   DESTROYERS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on degaussing standards for the 
     DDG-51 destroyer.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include--
       (1) a detailed description of the current degaussing 
     standards for the DDG-51 destroyer;
       (2) a plan for incorporating such standards into the 
     destroyer construction program; and
       (3) an assessment of the requirement to backfit such 
     standards to in-service destroyers.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

     SEC. 141. INVENTORY REQUIREMENT FOR AIR REFUELING TANKER 
                   AIRCRAFT; LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF KC-10A 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Inventory Requirement.--Section 8062 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(j)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), effective 
     October 1, 2019, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
     maintain a total aircraft inventory of air refueling tanker 
     aircraft of not less than 479 aircraft.
       ``(2) The Secretary of the Air Force may reduce the number 
     of air refueling tanker aircraft in the total aircraft 
     inventory of the Air Force below 479 only if--
       ``(A) the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
     committees that such reduction is justified by the results of 
     the mobility capability and requirements study conducted 
     under section 144(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91); and
       ``(B) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
     which the certification is made to the congressional defense 
     committees under subparagraph (A).
       ``(3) In this subsection:
       ``(A) The term `air refueling tanker aircraft' means an 
     aircraft that has as its primary mission the refueling of 
     other aircraft.
       ``(B) The term `total aircraft inventory' means aircraft 
     authorized to a flying unit for operations or training.''.
       (b) Limitation on Retirement of KC-10A.--
       (1) In general.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for any 
     fiscal year for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to 
     retire, or to prepare to retire, any KC-10A aircraft until 
     the date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
     Secretary of the Air Force certifies to the congressional 
     defense committees that Secretary has met the minimum 
     inventory requirement under section 8062(j) of title 10, 
     United States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this 
     section.
       (2) Exception for certain aircraft.--The requirement of 
     paragraph (1) does not apply to individual KC-10A aircraft 
     that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-
     case basis, to be non-operational because of mishaps, other 
     damage, or being uneconomical to repair.

     SEC. 142. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR C-130J AIRCRAFT 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Air Force may enter into one or more multiyear 
     contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 2019 program year, 
     for the procurement of--
       (1) C-130J aircraft for the Air Force; and
       (2) C-130J aircraft for the Navy and the Marine Corps 
     pursuant to the agreement described in subsection (b).
       (b) Agreement Described.--The agreement described in this 
     subsection is the agreement between the Secretary of the Navy 
     and the Secretary of the Air Force under which the Secretary 
     of the Air Force acts as the executive agent for the 
     Department of the Navy for purposes of procuring C-130J 
     aircraft for such Department.
       (c) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order 
     Quantity.--The Secretary of the Air Force may enter into one 
     or more contracts for advance procurement associated with the 
     C-130J aircraft, including economic order quantity, for which 
     authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement contract 
     is provided under subsection (a).
       (d) Condition for Out-Year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for 
     such later fiscal year.
       (e) Treatment of Fiscal Year 2018 Aircraft.--The multiyear 
     contract authority under subsection (a) includes C-130J 
     aircraft for which funds were appropriated for fiscal year 
     2018.

     SEC. 143. CONTRACT FOR LOGISTICS SUPPORT FOR VC-25B AIRCRAFT.

       The Secretary of the Air Force shall--
       (1) ensure that the total period of any contract awarded 
     for logistics support for the VC-25B aircraft does not exceed 
     five years, as required under part 17.204(e) of the Federal 
     Acquisition Regulation, unless otherwise approved in 
     accordance with established procedures; and
       (2) comply with section 2304 of title 10, United States 
     Code, regarding full and open competition through the use of 
     competitive procedures for the award of any logistics support 
     contract following the initial five-year contract period.

     SEC. 144. RETIREMENT DATE FOR VC-25A AIRCRAFT.

       (a) In General.--For purposes of the application of section 
     2244a of title 10, United States Code, the retirement date of 
     the covered aircraft is deemed to be not later than December 
     31, 2025.
       (b) Covered Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered aircraft'' means the two VC-25A aircraft of the Air 
     Force that are in service as of the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

     SEC. 145. REPEAL OF FUNDING RESTRICTION FOR EC-130H COMPASS 
                   CALL RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

       Section 131 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2037) is 
     repealed.

     SEC. 146. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR KC-46A AIRCRAFT 
                   PENDING SUBMITTAL OF CERTIFICATION.

       (a) Certification Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     certification that, as of the date of the certification--
       (1) the supplemental type certification and the military 
     type certification for the KC-46A aircraft have been 
     approved; and
       (2) the Air Force has accepted the delivery of the first 
     KC-46A aircraft.
       (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--
       (1) Limitation.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     this Act, none of the funds authorized to be appropriated or 
     otherwise made available by this Act for fiscal year 2019 for 
     Aircraft Procurement, Air Force, may be obligated or expended 
     to procure the covered aircraft until the Secretary of the 
     Air Force submits the certification required under subsection 
     (a).
       (2) Covered aircraft defined.--In this subsection, the term 
     ``covered aircraft'' means three of the KC-46A aircraft 
     authorized to be procured by this Act.

     SEC. 147. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT 
                   OF E-8 JSTARS AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Limitation on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--
     Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the funds 
     authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
     available for fiscal year 2019 or any subsequent fiscal year 
     for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, or 
     prepare to retire, any E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack 
     Radar System aircraft until the date on which the Secretary 
     of the Defense certifies to the congressional defense 
     committees that Increment 2 of the Advanced Battle-Management 
     System of the Air Force has declared initial operational 
     capability as defined in the Capability Development Document 
     for the System.
       (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
     apply to individual E-8C Joint Surveillance Target Attack 
     Radar System aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
     determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission 
     capable because of mishaps, other damage, or being 
     uneconomical to repair.
       (c) Certification Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, 
     the Secretary of Defense, on a nondelegable basis, shall 
     certify to the congressional defense committees that--
       (1) the Secretary of the Air Force is taking all reasonable 
     steps to ensure the legacy E-8C Joint Surveillance Target 
     Radar System aircraft that the Air Force continues to operate 
     meet all safety requirements;
       (2) the Secretary of the Air Force has developed and 
     implemented a funding strategy to increase the operational 
     and maintenance availability of the legacy E-8C Joint 
     Surveillance Target Radar System aircraft that the Air Force 
     continues to operate;
       (3) the Advanced Battle-Management System Increment 1, 2, 
     and 3 acquisition and fielding strategy is executable and 
     that sufficient funds will be available to achieve all 
     elements of the System as described in the Capability 
     Development Document for the System; and
       (4) in coordination with each separate geographic combatant 
     commander, that the Secretary of the Air Force is 
     implementing defined and measurable actions to meet the 
     operational planning and steady-state force presentation 
     requirements for Ground-Moving Target Indicator intelligence 
     and Battle-Management, Command and Control towards a moderate 
     level of risk

[[Page H6666]]

     until Increment 2 of the Advanced Battle-Management System 
     declares initial operational capability.
       (d) GAO Report and Briefing.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on Increment I, 
     Increment 2, and Increment 3 of the 21st Century Advanced 
     Battle Management System of Systems capability of the Air 
     Force. The report shall include a review of--
       (A) the technologies that compose the capability and the 
     level of maturation of such technologies;
       (B) the resources budgeted for the capability;
       (C) the fielding plan for the capability;
       (D) any risk assessments associated with the capability; 
     and
       (E) the overall acquisition strategy for the capability.
       (2) Interim briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall provide to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
     and the Senate a briefing on the topics to be covered by the 
     report under paragraph (1), including any preliminary data 
     and any issues or concerns of the Comptroller General 
     relating to the report.
       (e) Air Force Report.--Not later than February 5, 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on the legacy fleet of E-8C Joint 
     Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft that 
     includes--
       (1) the modernization and sustainment strategy, and 
     associated costs, for the airframe and mission systems that 
     will be used to maintain the legacy fleet of such aircraft 
     until the planned retirement of the aircraft; and
       (2) a plan that will provide combatant commanders with an 
     increased level of E-8C force support.
       (f) E-8C Force Presentation Requirement.--
       (1) In general.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2020, 
     and until the retirement of the E-8C aircraft fleet, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall provide not fewer than 6 
     dedicated E-8C aircraft each fiscal year for allocation to 
     the geographical combatant commanders through the 
     Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Global Force 
     Management Allocation Process.
       (2) Exception.--If the Secretary of the Air Force is unable 
     to meet the requirements of paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
     Defense, on a nondelegable basis, may waive the requirements 
     for a fiscal year and shall provide to the congressional 
     defense committees a notice of waiver issuance and 
     justification.
       (g) Air Force Briefing Requirement.--Beginning not later 
     than October 1, 2018, and on a quarterly basis thereafter, 
     the Secretary of the Air Force shall provide to the 
     congressional defense committees a program update briefing on 
     the Advanced Battle-Management System of the Air Force, and 
     all associated technologies.

     SEC. 148. REPORT ON MODERNIZATION OF B-52H AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air 
     Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     report on the long term modernization of the B-52H aircraft.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include--
       (1) an estimated timeline for the modernization of the B-
     52H aircraft; and
       (2) modernization requirements with respect to the 
     integrated systems of the aircraft, including--
       (A) electronic warfare and defensive systems;
       (B) communications, including secure jam resistant 
     capability;
       (C) radar replacement;
       (D) engine replacement;
       (E) future weapons and targeting capability; and
       (F) mission planning systems.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

     SEC. 151. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR ADDITIONAL ICEBREAKER 
                   VESSELS.

       (a) Procurement Authority.--
       (1) In general.--In addition to the icebreaker vessel 
     authorized to be procured under section 122(a) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91), the Secretary of the department in which 
     the Coast Guard is operating may enter into one or more 
     contracts for the procurement of up to five additional polar-
     class icebreaker vessels.
       (2) Condition for out-year contract payments.--A contract 
     entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations or funds for that 
     purpose for such later fiscal year.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
     the Coast Guard should maintain an inventory of not fewer 
     than six polar-class icebreaker vessels beginning not later 
     than fiscal year 2029 and, to achieve such inventory, 
     should--
       (1) award a contract for the first new polar-class 
     icebreaker not later than fiscal year 2019;
       (2) deliver the first new polar-class icebreaker not later 
     than fiscal year 2023;
       (3) start construction on the second through sixth new 
     polar-class icebreakers at a rate of one vessel per year in 
     fiscal years 2022 through 2026; and
       (4) accept delivery of the second through sixth new polar-
     class icebreakers at a rate of one vessel per year in fiscal 
     years 2025 through 2029.

     SEC. 152. BUY-TO-BUDGET ACQUISITION OF F-35 AIRCRAFT.

       Subject to section 2308 of title 10, United States Code, 
     using funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act for the 
     procurement of F-35 aircraft, the Secretary of Defense may 
     procure a quantity of F-35 aircraft in excess of the quantity 
     authorized by this Act if such additional procurement does 
     not require additional funds to be authorized to be 
     appropriated because of production efficiencies or other cost 
     reductions.

     SEC. 153. CERTIFICATION ON INCLUSION OF TECHNOLOGY TO 
                   MINIMIZE PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES IN CERTAIN 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Certification Required.--Not later than 15 days before 
     entering into a contract for the procurement of a covered 
     aircraft, the Secretary concerned shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a written statement 
     certifying that the aircraft to be procured under the 
     contract will include the most recent technological 
     advancements necessary to minimize the impact of 
     physiological episodes on aircraft crewmembers.
       (b) Waiver.--The Secretary concerned may waive the 
     requirement of subsection (a) if the Secretary--
       (1) determines the waiver is required in the interest of 
     national security; and
       (2) not later than 15 days before entering into a contract 
     for the procurement of a covered aircraft, notifies the 
     congressional defense committees of the rationale for the 
     waiver.
       (c) Termination.--The requirement to submit a certification 
     under subsection (a) shall terminate on September 30, 2021.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered aircraft'' means a fighter aircraft, 
     an attack aircraft, or a fixed wing trainer aircraft.
       (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' means--
       (A) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to covered 
     aircraft of Navy; and
       (B) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to covered 
     aircraft of the Air Force.

     SEC. 154. ARMORED COMMERCIAL PASSENGER-CARRYING VEHICLES.

       (a) Implementation of GAO Recommendations.--In accordance 
     with the recommendations of the Government Accountability 
     Office in the report titled ``Armored Commercial Vehicles: 
     DOD Has Procurement Guidance, but Army Could Take Actions to 
     Enhance Inspections and Oversight'' (GAO-17-513), not later 
     than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     the Secretary of Army shall--
       (1) ensure that in-progress inspections are conducted at 
     the armoring vendor's facility for each procurement of an 
     armored commercial passenger-carrying vehicles until the date 
     on which the Secretary of Defense approves and implements an 
     updated armoring and inspection standard for such vehicles; 
     and
       (2) designate a central point of contact for collecting and 
     reporting information on armored commercial passenger-
     carrying vehicles (such as information on contracts execution 
     and vehicle inspections).
       (b) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
     briefing on the progress of the Secretary in implementing 
     Department of Defense Instruction O-2000.16 Volume 1, dated 
     November 2016, with respect to armored commercial passenger-
     carrying vehicles, including--
       (1) whether criteria for the procurement of such vehicles 
     have been established and distributed to the relevant 
     components of the Department; and
       (2) whether a process is in place for ensuring that the 
     relevant components of the Department incorporate those 
     criteria into contracts for such vehicles.

     SEC. 155. QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2018, 
     and on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment shall provide to the congressional defense 
     committees a briefing on the progress of the F-35 Joint 
     Strike Fighter program.
       (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall 
     include, with respect to the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter 
     program, the following elements:
       (1) An overview of the program schedule.
       (2) A description of each contract awarded under the 
     program, including a description of the type of contract and 
     the status of the contract.
       (3) An assessment of the status of the program with respect 
     to--
       (A) modernization;
       (B) modification;
       (C) testing;
       (D) delivery;
       (E) sustainment;
       (F) program management; and
       (G) efforts to ensure that excessive sustainment costs do 
     not threaten the ability of the Department of Defense to 
     purchase the required number of aircraft.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of authority to carry out certain prototype 
              projects.
Sec. 212. Extension of directed energy prototype authority.
Sec. 213. Prohibition on availability of funds for the Weather Common 
              Component program.
Sec. 214. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 continuous 
              capability development and delivery.

[[Page H6667]]

Sec. 215. Limitation on availability of funds pending report on agile 
              software development and software operations.
Sec. 216. Limitation on availability of funds for certain high energy 
              laser advanced technology.
Sec. 217. Plan for the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 218. National Defense Science and Technology Strategy.
Sec. 219. Modification of CVN-73 to support fielding of MQ-25 unmanned 
              aerial vehicle.
Sec. 220. Establishment of innovators information repository in the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 221. Strategic plan for Department of Defense test and evaluation 
              resources.
Sec. 222. Collaboration between Defense laboratories, industry, and 
              academia; open campus program.
Sec. 223. Permanent extension and codification of authority to conduct 
              technology protection features activities during research 
              and development of defense systems.
Sec. 224. Codification and reauthorization of Defense Research and 
              Development Rapid Innovation Program.
Sec. 225. Procedures for rapid reaction to emerging technology.
Sec. 226. Activities on identification and development of enhanced 
              personal protective equipment against blast injury.
Sec. 227. Human factors modeling and simulation activities.
Sec. 228. Expansion of mission areas supported by mechanisms for 
              expedited access to technical talent and expertise at 
              academic institutions.
Sec. 229. Advanced manufacturing activities.
Sec. 230. National security innovation activities.
Sec. 231. Partnership intermediaries for promotion of defense research 
              and education.
Sec. 232. Limitation on use of funds for Surface Navy Laser Weapon 
              System.
Sec. 233. Expansion of coordination requirement for support for 
              national security innovation and entrepreneurial 
              education.
Sec. 234. Defense quantum information science and technology research 
              and development program.
Sec. 235. Joint directed energy test activities.
Sec. 236. Requirement for establishment of arrangements for expedited 
              access to technical talent and expertise at academic 
              institutions to support Department of Defense missions.
Sec. 237. Authority for Joint Directed Energy Transition Office to 
              conduct research relating to high powered microwave 
              capabilities.
Sec. 238. Joint artificial intelligence research, development, and 
              transition activities.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 241. Report on survivability of air defense artillery.
Sec. 242. T-45 aircraft physiological episode mitigation actions.
Sec. 243. Report on efforts of the Air Force to mitigate physiological 
              episodes affecting aircraft crewmembers.
Sec. 244. Report on Defense Innovation Unit Experimental.
Sec. 245. Modification of funding criteria under Historically Black 
              Colleges and Universities and minority institutions 
              program.
Sec. 246. Report on OA-X light attack aircraft applicability to partner 
              nation support.
Sec. 247. Reports on comparative capabilities of adversaries in key 
              technology areas.
Sec. 248. Report on active protection systems for armored combat and 
              tactical vehicles.
Sec. 249. Next Generation Combat Vehicle.
Sec. 250. Modification of reports on mechanisms to provide funds to 
              defense laboratories for research and development of 
              technologies for military missions.
Sec. 251. Briefings on Mobile Protected Firepower and Future Vertical 
              Lift programs.
Sec. 252. Improvement of the Air Force supply chain.
Sec. 253. Review of guidance on blast exposure during training.
Sec. 254. Competitive acquisition strategy for Bradley Fighting Vehicle 
              transmission replacement.
Sec. 255. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
              programs.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2019 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
     research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in 
     the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

     SEC. 211. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT CERTAIN 
                   PROTOTYPE PROJECTS.

       Section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), in the matter before clause (i), 
     by striking ``(for a prototype project)'' and inserting ``for 
     a prototype project, and any follow-on production contract or 
     transaction that is awarded pursuant to subsection (f),'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) in the matter before clause (i), by striking ``(for a 
     prototype project)'' and inserting ``for a prototype project, 
     and any follow-on production contract or transaction that is 
     awarded pursuant to subsection (f),''; and
       (ii) in clause (i), in the matter before subclause (I), by 
     striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
     Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Research and Engineering or the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment'';
       (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretaries of Defense'';
       (2) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``the prototype'' 
     after ``carry out''; and
       (3) in subsection (f)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (5); and
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(3) A follow-on production contract or transaction may be 
     awarded, pursuant to this subsection, when the Department 
     determines that an individual prototype or prototype 
     subproject as part of a consortium is successfully completed 
     by the participants.
       ``(4) Award of a follow-on production contract or 
     transaction pursuant to the terms under this subsection is 
     not contingent upon the successful completion of all 
     activities within a consortium as a condition for an award 
     for follow-on production of a successfully completed 
     prototype or prototype subproject within that consortium.''.

     SEC. 212. EXTENSION OF DIRECTED ENERGY PROTOTYPE AUTHORITY.

       Section 219(c)(4) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 
     note) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``Except as provided 
     in subparagraph (B)'' and inserting ``Except as provided in 
     subparagraph (C)'';
       (2) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C);
       (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
       ``(B) Except as provided in subparagraph (C) and subject to 
     the availability of appropriations for such purpose, of the 
     funds authorized to be appropriated by the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 or otherwise made 
     available for fiscal year 2019 for research, development, 
     test, and evaluation, defense-wide, up to $100,000,000 may be 
     available to the Under Secretary to allocate to the military 
     departments, the defense agencies, and the combatant commands 
     to carry out the program established under paragraph (1).''; 
     and
       (4) in subparagraph (C), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``made available under subparagraph (A)'' and inserting 
     ``made available under subparagraph (A) or subparagraph 
     (B)''.

     SEC. 213. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE 
                   WEATHER COMMON COMPONENT PROGRAM.

       (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2019 for research, development, test, and 
     evaluation, Air Force, for weather service (PE 0305111F, 
     Project 672738) for product development, test and evaluation, 
     and management services associated with the Weather Common 
     Component program may be obligated or expended.
       (b) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air force shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     technologies and capabilities that--
       (A) provide real-time or near real-time meteorological 
     situational awareness data through the use of sensors 
     installed on manned and unmanned aircraft; and
       (B) were developed primarily using funds of the Department 
     of Defense.
       (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include--
       (A) a description of all technologies and capabilities 
     described in paragraph (1) that exist as of the date on which 
     the report is submitted;
       (B) a description of any testing activities that have been 
     completed for such technologies and capabilities, and the 
     results of those testing activities;
       (C) the total amount of funds used by the Department of 
     Defense for the development of such technologies and 
     capabilities;
       (D) a list of capability gaps or shortfalls in any major 
     commands of the Air Force relating to the gathering, 
     processing, exploitation, and dissemination of real-time or 
     near real-time meteorological situational awareness data for 
     unmanned systems;
       (E) an explanation of how such gaps or shortfalls may be 
     remedied to supplement the weather forecasting capabilities 
     of the Air Force and to enhance the efficiency or 
     effectiveness of combat air power; and
       (F) a plan for fielding existing technologies and 
     capabilities to mitigate such gaps or shortfalls.

     SEC. 214. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-35 
                   CONTINUOUS CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT AND DELIVERY.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), of 
     the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for the F-35 
     continuous capability development and delivery program, not 
     more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until a 
     period of 15 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
     Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
     committees a detailed cost estimate and baseline schedule for 
     the program, which shall include any information required for 
     a major defense

[[Page H6668]]

     acquisition program under section 2435 of title 10, United 
     States Code.
       (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) does not 
     apply to any funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise 
     made available for the development of the F-35 dual capable 
     aircraft capability.

     SEC. 215. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING REPORT 
                   ON AGILE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AND SOFTWARE 
                   OPERATIONS.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the of funds described in subsection 
     (d), not more than 80 percent may be obligated or expended 
     until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
     which the Secretary of the Air Force submits the report 
     required under subsection (b).
       (b) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force, in 
     consultation with the Director of Defense Pricing/Defense 
     Procurement and Acquisition Policy and the Director of the 
     Defense Digital Service, shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report that includes a description of 
     each of the following:
       (1) How cost estimates in support of modernization and 
     upgrade activities for Air and Space Operations Centers are 
     being conducted and using what methods.
       (2) The contracting strategy and types of contracts being 
     used to execute Agile Software Development and Software 
     Operations (referred to in this section as ``Agile DevOps'') 
     activities.
       (3) How intellectual property ownership issues associated 
     with software applications developed with Agile DevOps 
     processes will be addressed to ensure future sustainment, 
     maintenance, and upgrades to software applications after the 
     applications are fielded.
       (4) A description of the tools and software applications 
     that have been developed for the Air and Space Operations 
     Centers and the costs and cost categories associated with 
     each.
       (5) Challenges the Air Force has faced in executing 
     acquisition activities modernizing the Air and Space 
     Operations Centers and how the Air Force plans to address the 
     challenges identified.
       (6) The Secretary's strategy for ensuring that software 
     applications developed for Air Operations Centers are 
     transportable and translatable among all the Centers to avoid 
     any duplication of efforts.
       (c) Review.--Before submitting the report under subsection 
     (b), the Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that the 
     report is reviewed and approved by the Director of Defense 
     Pricing/Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy.
       (d) Funds Described.--The funds described in this 
     subsection are the following:
       (1) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for research, 
     development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, for Air and 
     Space Operations Centers (PE 0207410F, Project 674596).
       (2) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for other 
     procurement, Air Force, for Air and Space Operations Centers.

     SEC. 216. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CERTAIN 
                   HIGH ENERGY LASER ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 
     for the Department of Defense for High Energy Laser Advanced 
     Technology (PE 0603924D8Z), not more than 50 percent may be 
     obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary 
     of Defense submits to the congressional defense committees a 
     roadmap and detailed assessment of the high energy laser 
     programs of the Department of Defense, which shall include 
     plans for coordination across the Department and transition 
     to programs of record.
       (b) Rule of Construction.--The limitation in subsection (a) 
     shall not be construed to apply to any other high energy 
     laser program of the Department of Defense other than the 
     program element specified in such subsection.

     SEC. 217. PLAN FOR THE STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Plan Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a plan--
       (1) to eliminate the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
     Department of Defense by not later than October 1, 2020;
       (2) to transfer the functions of the Strategic Capabilities 
     Office to another organization or element of the Department 
     by not later than October 1, 2020; or
       (3) to retain the Strategic Capabilities Office.
       (b) Elements.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A timeline for the potential elimination, transfer, or 
     retention of some or all of the activities, functions, 
     programs, plans, and resources of the Strategic Capabilities 
     Office.
       (2) A strategy for mitigating risk to the programs of the 
     Strategic Capabilities Office.
       (3) A strategy for implementing the lessons learned and 
     best practices of the Strategic Capabilities Office across 
     the organizations and elements of the Department of Defense 
     to promote enterprise-wide innovation.
       (4) An assessment of the transition outcomes, research 
     portfolio, and mission accomplishment in the key functions of 
     the Strategic Capabilities Office described in subsection 
     (c).
       (5) An assessment of the relationship of the Strategic 
     Capabilities Office with--
       (A) the acquisition and rapid capabilities programs of the 
     military departments;
       (B) Department laboratories;
       (C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; and
       (D) other research and development activities.
       (6) Assessment of management and bureaucratic challenges to 
     the effective and efficient execution of the Strategic 
     Capabilities Office missions, especially with respect to 
     contracting and personnel management.
       (c) Key Functions Described.--The key functions described 
     in this subsection are the following:
       (1) Repurposing existing Government and commercial systems 
     for new technological advantage.
       (2) Developing novel concepts of operation that are lower 
     cost, more effective, and more responsive to changing threats 
     than traditional concepts of operation.
       (3) Developing joint systems and concepts of operations to 
     meet emerging threats and military requirements based on 
     partnerships with the military departments and combatant 
     commanders.
       (4) Developing prototypes and new concepts of operations 
     that can inform the development of requirements and the 
     establishment of acquisition programs.
       (d) Form of Plan.--The plan required under subsection (a) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 218. NATIONAL DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY.

       (a) Annual Strategy.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than February 4, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall develop a strategy--
       (A) to articulate the science and technology priorities, 
     goals, and investments of the Department of Defense; and
       (B) to make recommendations on the future of the defense 
     research and engineering enterprise and its continued success 
     in an era of strategic competition.
       (2) Elements.--The strategy required by paragraph (1) 
     shall--
       (A) be aligned with the National Defense Strategy and 
     Governmentwide strategic science and technology priorities, 
     including the defense budget priorities of the Office of 
     Science and Technology Policy of the President;
       (B) link the priorities, goals, and outcomes in paragraph 
     (1)(A) with needed critical enablers to specific programs, or 
     broader portfolios, including--
       (i) personnel and workforce capabilities;
       (ii) facilities for research and test infrastructure;
       (iii) relationships with academia, the acquisition 
     community, the operational community, and the commercial 
     sector; and
       (iv) funding, investments, personnel, facilities, and 
     relationships with departments, agencies, or other Federal 
     entities outside the Department of Defense without which 
     defense capabilities would be severely degraded;
       (C) evaluate the coordination of acquisition priorities, 
     programs, and timelines of the Department with the activities 
     of the defense research and engineering enterprise; and
       (D) include recommendations for changes in authorities, 
     regulations, policies, or any other relevant areas, that 
     would support the achievement of the goals set forth in the 
     strategy.
       (3) Annual updates.--Not less frequently than once each 
     year, the Secretary shall revise and update the strategy 
     required by paragraph (1).
       (4) Annual reports.--(A) Not later than February 4, 2019, 
     and not less frequently than once each year thereafter 
     through December 31, 2021, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees the strategy required by 
     paragraph (1), as may be revised and updated in accordance 
     with paragraph (3).
       (B) The reports submitted pursuant to subparagraph (A) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.
       (5) Briefing.--Not later than 14 days after the date on 
     which the strategy under paragraph (1) is completed, the 
     Secretary shall provide to the Committee on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
     of Representatives a briefing on the implementation of the 
     strategy.
       (6) Designation.--The strategy developed under paragraph 
     (1) shall be known as the ``National Defense Science and 
     Technology Strategy''.
       (b) Assessment and Recommendations.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than February 4, 2019, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report with an assessment and recommendations on 
     the future of major elements of the defense research and 
     engineering enterprise, evaluating warfighting contributions, 
     portfolio management and coordination, workforce management 
     including special hiring authorities, facilities and test 
     infrastructure, relationships with private sector and 
     interagency partners, and governance, including a comparison 
     with the enterprises of other countries and the private 
     sector.
       (2) Major elements of the defense research and engineering 
     enterprise.--The major elements of the defense research and 
     engineering enterprise referred to in paragraph (1) include 
     the following:
       (A) The science and technology elements of the military 
     departments.
       (B) The Department of Defense laboratories.
       (C) The test ranges and facilities of the Department.
       (D) The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
       (E) The Defense Innovation Unit Experimental (DIU(x)).
       (F) The Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department.
       (G) The Small Business Innovation Research program of the 
     Department.
       (H) The Small Business Technology Transfer program of the 
     Department.
       (I) Such other elements, offices, programs, and activities 
     of the Department as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
     purposes of the this section.

[[Page H6669]]

       (3) Consultation and comments.--In making recommendations 
     under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with and 
     seek comments from groups and entities relevant to the 
     recommendations, such as the military departments, the 
     combatant commands, the federally funded research and 
     development centers (FFRDCs), commercial partners of the 
     Department (including small business concerns), or any 
     advisory committee established by the Department that the 
     Secretary determines is appropriate based on the duties of 
     the advisory committee and the expertise of its members.
       (4) Form of submission.--The report submitted pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but 
     may include a classified annex.

     SEC. 219. MODIFICATION OF CVN-73 TO SUPPORT FIELDING OF MQ-25 
                   UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE.

       The Secretary of the Navy shall--
       (1) modify the compartments and infrastructure of the 
     aircraft carrier designated CVN-73 to support the fielding of 
     the MQ-25 unmanned aerial vehicle before the date on which 
     the refueling and complex overhaul of the aircraft carrier is 
     completed; and
       (2) ensure such modification is sufficient to complete the 
     full installation of MQ-25 in no more than a single 
     maintenance period after such overhaul.

     SEC. 220. ESTABLISHMENT OF INNOVATORS INFORMATION REPOSITORY 
                   IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
     acting through the Defense Technical Information Center, 
     establish an innovators information repository within the 
     Department of Defense in accordance with this section.
       (b) Maintenance of Information Repository.--The Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall 
     maintain the information repository and ensure that it is 
     periodically updated.
       (c) Elements of Information Repository.--The information 
     repository established under subsection (a) shall--
       (1) be coordinated across the Department of Defense 
     enterprise to focus on small business innovators that are 
     small, independent United States businesses, including those 
     participating in the Small Business Innovation Research 
     program or the Small Business Technology Transfer program;
       (2) include appropriate information about each participant, 
     including a description of--
       (A) the need or requirement applicable to the participant;
       (B) the participant's technology with appropriate technical 
     detail and appropriate protections of proprietary information 
     or data;
       (C) any prior business of the participant with the 
     Department; and
       (D) whether the participant's technology was incorporated 
     into a program of record; and
       (3) incorporate the appropriate classification due to 
     compilation of information.
       (d) Use of Information Repository.--After the information 
     repository is established under subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall encourage use of the information repository by 
     Department organizations involved in technology development 
     and protection, including program offices, before initiating 
     a Request for Information or a Request for Proposal to 
     determine whether an organic technology exists or is being 
     developed currently by a an entity supported by the 
     Department (which may include a company, academic consortium, 
     or other entity).

     SEC. 221. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TEST AND 
                   EVALUATION RESOURCES.

       Section 196(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows: ``(1) Not 
     less often than once every two fiscal years, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, in 
     coordination with the Director of the Department of Defense 
     Test Resources Management Center, the Director of Operational 
     Test and Evaluation, the Director of the Defense Intelligence 
     Agency, the Secretaries of the military departments, and the 
     heads of Defense Agencies with test and evaluation 
     responsibilities, shall complete a strategic plan reflecting 
     the future needs of the Department of Defense with respect to 
     test and evaluation facilities and resources. Each strategic 
     plan shall cover the period of thirty fiscal years beginning 
     with the fiscal year in which the plan is submitted under 
     paragraph (3). The strategic plan shall be based on a 
     comprehensive review of both funded and unfunded test and 
     evaluation requirements of the Department, future threats to 
     national security, and the adequacy of the test and 
     evaluation facilities and resources of the Department to meet 
     those future requirements and threats.''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``needed to meet such 
     requirements'' and inserting ``needed to meet current and 
     future requirements based on current and emerging threats''.

     SEC. 222. COLLABORATION BETWEEN DEFENSE LABORATORIES, 
                   INDUSTRY, AND ACADEMIA; OPEN CAMPUS PROGRAM.

       (a) Collaboration.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out 
     activities to prioritize innovative collaboration between 
     Department of Defense science and technology reinvention 
     laboratories, industry, and academia.
       (b) Open Campus Program.--In carrying out subsection (a), 
     the Secretary, acting through the Commander of the Air Force 
     Research Laboratory, the Commander of the Army Research, 
     Development and Engineering Command, and the Chief of Naval 
     Research, or such other officials of the Department as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate, may develop and implement an 
     open campus program for the Department science and technology 
     reinvention laboratories which shall be modeled after the 
     open campus program of the Army Research Laboratory.

     SEC. 223. PERMANENT EXTENSION AND CODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY 
                   TO CONDUCT TECHNOLOGY PROTECTION FEATURES 
                   ACTIVITIES DURING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE SYSTEMS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting before section 2358 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2357. Technology protection features activities

       ``(a) Activities.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
     activities to develop and incorporate technology protection 
     features in a designated system during the research and 
     development phase of such system.
       ``(b) Cost-sharing.--Any contract for the design or 
     development of a system resulting from activities under 
     subsection (a) for the purpose of enhancing or enabling the 
     exportability of the system, either for the development of 
     program protection strategies for the system or the design 
     and incorporation of exportability features into the system, 
     shall include a cost-sharing provision that requires the 
     contractor to bear half of the cost of such activities, or 
     such other portion of such cost as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate upon showing of good cause.
       ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `designated system' means any system 
     (including a major system, as defined in section 2302(5) of 
     title 10, United States Code) that the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment designates for 
     purposes of this section.
       ``(2) The term `technology protection features' means the 
     technical modifications necessary to protect critical program 
     information, including anti-tamper technologies and other 
     systems engineering activities intended to prevent or delay 
     exploitation of critical technologies in a designated 
     system.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting before the item relating to section 2358 
     the following new item:

``2357. Technology protection features activities.''.
       (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 243 of the Ike Skelton 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (10 
     U.S.C. 2358 note) is repealed.

     SEC. 224. CODIFICATION AND REAUTHORIZATION OF DEFENSE 
                   RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT RAPID INNOVATION 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Codification.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2359 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2359a. Defense Research and Development Rapid 
       Innovation Program

       ``(a) Program Established.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
     shall establish a competitive, merit-based program to 
     accelerate the fielding of technologies developed pursuant to 
     phase II Small Business Innovation Research Program projects, 
     technologies developed by the defense laboratories, and other 
     innovative technologies (including dual use technologies).
       ``(2) The purpose of this program is to stimulate 
     innovative technologies and reduce acquisition or lifecycle 
     costs, address technical risks, improve the timeliness and 
     thoroughness of test and evaluation outcomes, and rapidly 
     insert such products directly in support of primarily major 
     defense acquisition programs, but also other defense 
     acquisition programs that meet critical national security 
     needs.
       ``(b) Guidelines.--The Secretary shall issue guidelines for 
     the operation of the program. At a minimum such guidance 
     shall provide for the following:
       ``(1) The issuance of one or more broad agency 
     announcements or the use of any other competitive or merit-
     based processes by the Department of Defense for candidate 
     proposals in support of defense acquisition programs as 
     described in subsection (a).
       ``(2) The review of candidate proposals by the Department 
     of Defense and by each military department and the merit-
     based selection of the most promising cost-effective 
     proposals for funding through contracts, cooperative 
     agreements, and other transactions for the purposes of 
     carrying out the program.
       ``(3) The total amount of funding provided to any project 
     under the program from funding provided under subsection (d) 
     shall not exceed $3,000,000, unless the Secretary, or the 
     Secretary's designee, approves a larger amount of funding for 
     the project.
       ``(4) No project shall receive more than a total of two 
     years of funding under the program from funding provided 
     under subsection (d), unless the Secretary, or the 
     Secretary's designee, approves funding for any additional 
     year.
       ``(5) Mechanisms to facilitate transition of follow-on or 
     current projects carried out under the program into defense 
     acquisition programs, through the use of the authorities of 
     section 2302e of this title or such other authorities as may 
     be appropriate to conduct further testing, low rate 
     production, or full rate production of technologies developed 
     under the program.
       ``(6) Projects are selected using merit-based selection 
     procedures and the selection of projects is not subject to 
     undue influence by Congress or other Federal agencies.
       ``(c) Treatment Pursuant to Certain Congressional Rules.--
     Nothing in this section shall be interpreted to require or 
     enable any official of the Department of Defense to provide 
     funding under this section to any earmark as defined pursuant 
     to House Rule XXI, clause 9, or any congressionally directed 
     spending item as defined pursuant to Senate Rule XLIV, 
     paragraph 5.

[[Page H6670]]

       ``(d) Funding.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations for such purpose, the amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated for research, development, test, and evaluation 
     for a fiscal year may be used for such fiscal year for the 
     program established under subsection (a).
       ``(e) Transfer Authority.--(1) The Secretary may transfer 
     funds available for the program to the research, development, 
     test, and evaluation accounts of a military department, 
     defense agency, or the unified combatant command for special 
     operations forces pursuant to a proposal, or any part of a 
     proposal, that the Secretary determines would directly 
     support the purposes of the program.
       ``(2) The transfer authority provided in this subsection is 
     in addition to any other transfer authority available to the 
     Department of Defense.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 139 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 2359 the 
     following new item:

``2359a. Defense Research and Development Rapid Innovation Program.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Repeal of old provision.--Section 1073 of the Ike 
     Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is hereby 
     repealed.
       (2) Repeal of old table of contents item.--The table of 
     contents in section 2(b) of such Act is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 1073.

     SEC. 225. PROCEDURES FOR RAPID REACTION TO EMERGING 
                   TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Requirement to Establish Procedures.--Not later than 
     180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall 
     prescribe procedures for the designation and development of 
     technologies that are--
       (1) urgently needed--
       (A) to react to a technological development of an adversary 
     of the United States; or
       (B) to respond to a significant and urgent emerging 
     technology; and
       (2) not receiving appropriate research funding or attention 
     from the Department of Defense.
       (b) Elements.--The procedures prescribed under subsection 
     (a) shall include the following:
       (1) A process for streamlined communications between the 
     Under Secretary, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the commanders of 
     the combatant commands, the science and technology executives 
     within each military department, and the science and 
     technology community, including--
       (A) a process for the commanders of the combatant commands 
     and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to communicate their needs to 
     the science and technology community; and
       (B) a process for the science and technology community to 
     propose technologies that meet the needs communicated by the 
     combatant commands and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
       (2) Procedures for the development of technologies proposed 
     pursuant to paragraph (1)(B), including--
       (A) a process for demonstrating performance of the proposed 
     technologies on a short timeline;
       (B) a process for developing a development strategy for a 
     technology, including integration into future budget years; 
     and
       (C) a process for making investment determinations based on 
     information obtained pursuant to subparagraphs (A) and (B).
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall provide 
     to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the 
     procedures required by subsection (a).

     SEC. 226. ACTIVITIES ON IDENTIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF 
                   ENHANCED PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT AGAINST 
                   BLAST INJURY.

       (a) Activities Required.--During calendar year 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Army shall, in consultation with the 
     Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, carry out a set 
     of activities to identify and develop personal equipment to 
     provide enhanced protection against injuries caused by blasts 
     in combat and training.
       (b) Activities.--
       (1) Continuous evaluation process.--For purposes of the 
     activities required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
     establish a process to continuously solicit from government, 
     industry, academia, and other appropriate entities personal 
     protective equipment that is ready for testing and evaluation 
     in order to identify and evaluate equipment or clothing that 
     is more effective in protecting members of the Armed Forces 
     from the harmful effects of blast injuries, including 
     traumatic brain injuries, and would be suitable for expedited 
     procurement and fielding.
       (2) Goals.--The goals of the activities shall include:
       (A) Development of streamlined requirements for procurement 
     of personal protective equipment.
       (B) Appropriate testing of personal protective equipment 
     prior to procurement and fielding.
       (C) Development of expedited mechanisms for deployment of 
     effective personal protective equipment.
       (D) Identification of areas of research in which increased 
     investment has the potential to improve the quality of 
     personal protective equipment and the capability of the 
     industrial base to produce such equipment.
       (E) Such other goals as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (3) Partnerships for certain assessments.--As part of the 
     activities, the Secretary should continue to establish 
     partnerships with appropriate academic institutions for 
     purposes of assessing the following:
       (A) The ability of various forms of personal protective 
     equipment to protect against common blast injuries, including 
     traumatic brain injuries.
       (B) The value of real-time data analytics to track the 
     effectiveness of various forms of personal protective 
     equipment to protect against common blast injuries, including 
     traumatic brain injuries.
       (C) The availability of commercial-off the-shelf personal 
     protective technology to protect against traumatic brain 
     injury resulting from blasts.
       (D) The extent to which the equipment determined through 
     the assessment to be most effective to protect against common 
     blast injuries is readily modifiable for different body types 
     and to provide lightweight material options to enhance 
     maneuverability.
       (c) Authorities.--In carrying out activities under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary may use any authority as 
     follows:
       (1) Experimental procurement authority under section 2373 
     of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) Other transactions authority under section 2371 and 
     2371b of title 10, United States Code.
       (3) Authority to award technology prizes under section 
     2374a of title 10, United States Code.
       (4) Authority under the Defense Acquisition Challenge 
     Program under section 2359b of title 10, United States Code.
       (5) Any other authority on acquisition, technology 
     transfer, and personnel management that the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (d) Certain Treatment of Activities.--Any activities under 
     this section shall be deemed to have been through the use of 
     competitive procedures for the purposes of section 2304 of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (e) On-going Assessment Following Activities.--After the 
     completion of activities under subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall, on an on-going basis, do the following:
       (1) Evaluate the extent to which personal protective 
     equipment identified through the activities would--
       (A) enhance survivability of personnel from blasts in 
     combat and training; and
       (B) enhance prevention of brain damage, and reduction of 
     any resultant chronic brain dysfunction, from blasts in 
     combat and training.
       (2) In the case of personal protective equipment so 
     identified that would provide enhancements as described in 
     paragraph (1), estimate the costs that would be incurred to 
     procure such enhanced personal protective equipment, and 
     develop a schedule for the procurement of such equipment.
       (3) Estimate the potential health care cost savings that 
     would occur from expanded use of personal protective 
     equipment described in paragraph (2).
       (f) Report.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate 
     and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives a report on the activities under subsection 
     (a) as of the date of the report.
       (g) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
     for fiscal year 2019 by this Act for research, development, 
     test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding tables in 
     division D, $10,000,000 may be used to carry out this 
     section.

     SEC. 227. HUMAN FACTORS MODELING AND SIMULATION ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Activities Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     develop and provide for the carrying out of human factors 
     modeling and simulation activities designed to do the 
     following:
       (1) Provide warfighters and civilians with personalized 
     assessment, education, and training tools.
       (2) Identify and implement effective ways to interface and 
     team warfighters with machines.
       (3) Result in the use of intelligent, adaptive augmentation 
     to enhance decision making.
       (4) Result in the development of techniques, technologies, 
     and practices to mitigate critical stressors that impede 
     warfighter and civilian protection, sustainment, and 
     performance.
       (b) Purpose.--The overall purpose of the activities shall 
     be to accelerate research and development that enhances 
     capabilities for human performance, human-systems 
     integration, and training for the warfighter.
       (c) Participants in Activities.--Participants in the 
     activities may include the following:
       (1) Elements of the Department of Defense engaged in 
     science and technology activities.
       (2) Program Executive Offices of the Department.
       (3) Academia.
       (4) The private sector.
       (5) Such other participants as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 228. EXPANSION OF MISSION AREAS SUPPORTED BY MECHANISMS 
                   FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT AND 
                   EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS.

       Section 217(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) 
     is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (23) as paragraph (27); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (22) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(23) Space.
       ``(24) Infrastructure resilience.
       ``(25) Photonics.
       ``(26) Autonomy.''.

     SEC. 229. ADVANCED MANUFACTURING ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Designation.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment and the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering shall jointly, in 
     coordination with Secretaries of the military departments, 
     establish at least one activity per military service to 
     demonstrate advanced manufacturing techniques and 
     capabilities at depot-level activities or military arsenal 
     facilities of the military departments.
       (b) Purposes.--The activities established pursuant to 
     subsection (a) shall--

[[Page H6671]]

       (1) support efforts to implement advanced manufacturing 
     techniques and capabilities;
       (2) identify improvements to sustainment methods for 
     component parts and other logistics needs;
       (3) identify and implement appropriate information security 
     protections to ensure security of advanced manufacturing;
       (4) aid in the procurement of advanced manufacturing 
     equipment and support services;
       (5) enhance partnerships between the defense industrial 
     base and Department of Defense laboratories, academic 
     institutions, and industry; and
       (6) to the degree practicable, include an educational or 
     training component to build an advanced manufacturing 
     workforce.
       (c) Cooperative Agreements and Partnerships.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretaries may enter into a 
     cooperative agreement and use public-private and public-
     public partnerships to facilitate development of advanced 
     manufacturing techniques in support of the defense industrial 
     base.
       (2) Requirements.--A cooperative agreement entered into 
     under paragraph (1) and a partnership used under such 
     paragraph shall facilitate--
       (A) development and implementation of advanced 
     manufacturing techniques and capabilities;
       (B) appropriate sharing of information in the adaptation of 
     advanced manufacturing, including technical data rights;
       (C) implementation of appropriate information security 
     protections into advanced manufacturing tools and techniques; 
     and
       (D) support of necessary workforce development.
       (d) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Under 
     Secretaries may use the following authorities:
       (1) Section 2196 of title 10, United States Code, relating 
     to the Manufacturing Engineering Education Program.
       (2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to centers for 
     science, technology, and engineering partnership.
       (3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
     advanced technology achievements.
       (4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to centers of 
     industrial and technical excellence.
       (5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
     Manufacturing Technology Program.
       (6) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
     Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
     title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative 
     research and development agreements.
       (7) Such other authorities as the Under Secretaries 
     considers appropriate.

     SEC. 230. NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Establishment.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering shall establish activities to 
     develop interaction between the Department of Defense and the 
     commercial technology industry and academia with regard to 
     emerging hardware products and technologies with national 
     security applications.
       (b) Elements.--The activities required by subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) Informing and encouraging private investment in 
     specific hardware technologies of interest to future defense 
     technology needs with unique national security applications.
       (2) Funding research and technology development in 
     hardware-intensive capabilities that private industry has not 
     sufficiently supported to meet rapidly emerging defense and 
     national security needs.
       (3) Contributing to the development of policies, policy 
     implementation, and actions to deter strategic acquisition of 
     industrial and technical capabilities in the private sector 
     by foreign entities that could potentially exclude companies 
     from participating in the Department of Defense technology 
     and industrial base.
       (4) Identifying promising emerging technology in industry 
     and academia for the Department of Defense for potential 
     support or research and development cooperation.
       (c) Transfer of Personnel and Resources.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Under 
     Secretary may transfer such personnel, resources, and 
     authorities that are under the control of the Under Secretary 
     as the Under Secretary considers appropriate to carry out the 
     activities established under subsection (a) from other 
     elements of the Department under the control of the Under 
     Secretary or upon approval of the Secretary of Defense.
       (2) Certification.--The Under Secretary may only make a 
     transfer of personnel, resources, or authorities under 
     paragraph (1) upon certification by the Under Secretary that 
     the activities established under paragraph (a) can attract 
     sufficient private sector investment, has personnel with 
     sufficient technical and management expertise, and has 
     identified relevant technologies and systems for potential 
     investment in order to carry out the activities established 
     under subsection (a), independent of further government 
     funding beyond this authorization.
       (d) Establishment of Nonprofit Entity.--The Under Secretary 
     may establish or fund a nonprofit entity to carry out the 
     program activities under subsection (a).
       (e) Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a detailed plan to 
     carry out this section.
       (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of the additional authorities needed to 
     carry out the activities set forth in subsection (b).
       (B) Plans for transfers under subsection (c), including 
     plans for private fund-matching and investment mechanisms, 
     oversight, treatment of rights relating to technical data 
     developed, and relevant dates and goals of such transfers.
       (C) Plans for attracting the participation of the 
     commercial technology industry and academia and how those 
     plans fit into the current Department of Defense research and 
     engineering enterprise.
       (f) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Under 
     Secretary may use the following authorities:
       (1) Section 1711 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), relating to a pilot 
     program on strengthening manufacturing in the defense 
     industrial base.
       (2) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, 
     relating to public-private talent exchanges.
       (3) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for 
     Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
       (4) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
     advanced technology achievements.
       (5) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of 
     Industrial and Technical Excellence.
       (6) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
     Manufacturing Technology Program.
       (7) Subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, United States 
     Code, relating to assignments to and from States.
       (8) Chapter 47 of such title, relating to personnel 
     research programs and demonstration projects.
       (9) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
     Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
     title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative 
     research and development agreements.
       (10) Such other authorities as the Under Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (g) Notice Required.--Not later than 15 days before the 
     date on which the Under Secretary first exercises the 
     authority granted under subsection (d) and not later than 15 
     days before the date on which the Under Secretary first 
     obligates or expends any amount authorized under subsection 
     (h), the Under Secretary shall notify the congressional 
     defense committees of such exercise, obligation, or 
     expenditure, as the case may be.
       (h) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
     for fiscal year 2019 for the Department of Defense by section 
     201 and subject to the availability of appropriations, up to 
     $75,000,000 may be available to carry out this section.

     SEC. 231. PARTNERSHIP INTERMEDIARIES FOR PROMOTION OF DEFENSE 
                   RESEARCH AND EDUCATION.

       Section 2368 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
     (g) and (h), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Use of Partnership Intermediaries to Promote Defense 
     Research and Education.--(1) Subject to the approval of the 
     Secretary or the head of the another department or agency of 
     the Federal Government concerned, the Director of a Center 
     may enter into a contract, memorandum of understanding or 
     other transition with a partnership intermediary that 
     provides for the partnership intermediary to perform services 
     for the Department of Defense that increase the likelihood of 
     success in the conduct of cooperative or joint activities of 
     the Center with industry or academic institutions.
       ``(2) In this subsection, the term `partnership 
     intermediary' means an agency of a State or local government, 
     or a nonprofit entity owned in whole or in part by, chartered 
     by, funded in whole or in part by, or operated in whole or in 
     part by or on behalf of a State or local government, that 
     assists, counsels, advises, evaluates, or otherwise 
     cooperates with industry or academic institutions that need 
     or can make demonstrably productive use of technology-related 
     assistance from a Center.''.

     SEC. 232. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR SURFACE NAVY LASER 
                   WEAPON SYSTEM.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act may be 
     used to exceed, in fiscal year 2019, a procurement quantity 
     of one Surface Navy Laser Weapon System, also known as the 
     High Energy Laser and Integrated Optical-dazzler with 
     Surveillance (HELIOS), unless the Secretary of the Navy 
     submits to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     such system with the elements set forth in subsection (b).
       (b) Elements.--The elements set forth in this subsection 
     are, with respect to the system described in subsection (a), 
     the following:
       (1) A document setting forth the requirements for the 
     system, including desired performance characteristics.
       (2) An acquisition plan that includes the following:
       (A) A program schedule to accomplish design completion, 
     technology maturation, risk reduction, and other activities, 
     including dates of key design reviews (such as Preliminary 
     Design Review and Critical Design Review) and program 
     initiation decision (such as Milestone B) if applicable.
       (B) A contracting strategy, including requests for 
     proposals, the extent to which contracts will be 
     competitively awarded, option years, option quantities, 
     option prices, and ceiling prices.
       (C) The fiscal years of procurement and delivery for each 
     engineering development model, prototype, or similar unit 
     planned to be acquired.
       (D) A justification for the fiscal years of procurement and 
     delivery for each engineering development model, prototype, 
     or similar unit planned to be acquired.
       (3) A test plan and schedule sufficient to achieve 
     operational effectiveness and operational suitability 
     determinations (such as Early

[[Page H6672]]

     Operational Capability and Initial Operational Capability) 
     related to the requirements set forth in paragraph (1).
       (4) Associated funding and item quantities, disaggregated 
     by fiscal year and appropriation, requested in the Fiscal 
     Year 2019 Future Years Defense Program.
       (5) An estimate of the acquisition costs, including the 
     total costs for procurement, research, development, test, and 
     evaluation.

     SEC. 233. EXPANSION OF COORDINATION REQUIREMENT FOR SUPPORT 
                   FOR NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION AND 
                   ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION.

       Section 225(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(16) The National Security Technology Accelerator.
       ``(17) The I-Corps Program.''.

     SEC. 234. DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                   RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
     out a quantum information science and technology research and 
     development program.
       (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program required by 
     subsection (a) are as follows:
       (1) To ensure global superiority of the United States in 
     quantum information science necessary for meeting national 
     security requirements.
       (2) To coordinate all quantum information science and 
     technology research and development within the Department of 
     Defense and to provide for interagency cooperation and 
     collaboration on quantum information science and technology 
     research and development between the Department of Defense 
     and other departments and agencies of the United States and 
     appropriate private sector entities that are involved in 
     quantum information science and technology research and 
     development.
       (3) To develop and manage a portfolio of fundamental and 
     applied quantum information science and technology and 
     engineering research initiatives that is stable, consistent, 
     and balanced across scientific disciplines.
       (4) To accelerate the transition and deployment of 
     technologies and concepts derived from quantum information 
     science and technology research and development into the 
     Armed Forces, and to establish policies, procedures, and 
     standards for measuring the success of such efforts.
       (5) To collect, synthesize, and disseminate critical 
     information on quantum information science and technology 
     research and development.
       (6) To establish and support appropriate research, 
     innovation, and industrial base, including facilities and 
     infrastructure, to support the needs of Department of Defense 
     missions and systems related to quantum information science 
     and technology.
       (c) Administration.--In carrying out the program required 
     by subsection (a), the Secretary shall act through the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, who shall 
     supervise the planning, management, and coordination of the 
     program. The Under Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries of the military departments and the heads of 
     participating Defense Agencies and other departments and 
     agencies of the United States, shall--
       (1) prescribe a set of long-term challenges and a set of 
     specific technical goals for the program, including--
       (A) optimization of analysis of national security data 
     sets;
       (B) development of defense related quantum computing 
     algorithms;
       (C) design of new materials and molecular functions;
       (D) secure communications and cryptography, including 
     development of quantum communications protocols;
       (E) quantum sensing and metrology;
       (F) development of mathematics relating to quantum 
     enhancements to sensing, communications, and computing; and
       (G) processing and manufacturing of low-cost, robust, and 
     reliable quantum information science and technology-enabled 
     devices and systems;
       (2) develop a coordinated and integrated research and 
     investment plan for meeting the near-, mid-, and long-term 
     challenges with definitive milestones while achieving the 
     specific technical goals that builds upon the Department's 
     increased investment in quantum information science and 
     technology research and development, commercial sector and 
     global investments, and other United States Government 
     investments in the quantum sciences;
       (3) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act, develop and continuously update guidance, 
     including classification and data management plans for 
     defense-related quantum information science and technology 
     activities, and policies for control of personnel 
     participating on such activities to minimize the effects of 
     loss of intellectual property in basic and applied quantum 
     science and information considered sensitive to the 
     leadership of the United States in the field of quantum 
     information science and technology; and
       (4) develop memoranda of agreement, joint funding 
     agreements, and other cooperative arrangements necessary for 
     meeting the long-term challenges and achieving the specific 
     technical goals.
       (d) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the program, in both classified and 
     unclassified format.
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of the knowledge-base of the Department 
     with respect to quantum sciences, plans to defend against 
     quantum based attacks, and any plans of the Secretary to 
     enhance such knowledge-base.
       (B) A plan that describes how the Secretary intends to use 
     quantum sciences for military applications and to meet other 
     needs of the Department.
       (C) An assessment of the efforts of foreign powers to use 
     quantum sciences for military applications and other 
     purposes.
       (D) A description of activities undertaken consistent with 
     this section, including funding for activities consistent 
     with the section.
       (E) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 235. JOINT DIRECTED ENERGY TEST ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Test Activities.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering shall, in the Under Secretary's 
     capacity as the official with principal responsibility for 
     the development and demonstration of directed energy weapons 
     for the Department of Defense pursuant to section 219(a)(1) 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note), develop, 
     establish, and coordinate directed energy testing activities 
     adequate to ensure the achievement by the Department of 
     Defense of goals of the Department for developing and 
     deploying directed energy systems to match national security 
     needs.
       (b) Elements.--The activity established under subsection 
     (a) shall include the following:
       (1) The High Energy Laser System Test Facility of the Army 
     Test and Evaluation Command.
       (2) Such other test resources and activities as the Under 
     Secretary may designate for purposes of this section.
       (c) Designation.--The test activities established under 
     subsection (a) shall be considered part of the Major Range 
     and Test Facility Base (as defined in 196(i) of title 10, 
     United States Code).
       (d) Prioritization of Effort.--In developing and 
     coordinating testing activities pursuant to subsection (a), 
     the Under Secretary shall prioritize efforts consistent with 
     the following:
       (1) Paragraphs (2) through (5) of section 219(a) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 
     U.S.C. 2431 note).
       (2) Enabling the standardized collection and evaluation of 
     testing data to establish testing references and benchmarks.
       (3) Concentrating sufficient personnel expertise of 
     directed energy weapon systems in order to validate the 
     effectiveness of new weapon systems against a variety of 
     targets.
       (4) Consolidating modern state-of-the-art testing 
     infrastructure including telemetry, sensors, and optics to 
     support advanced technology testing and evaluation.
       (5) Formulating a joint lethality or vulnerability 
     information repository that can be accessed by any of the 
     military departments of Defense Agencies, similar to a Joint 
     Munitions Effectiveness Manuals (JMEMs).
       (6) Reducing duplication of directed energy weapon testing.
       (7) Ensuring that an adequate workforce and adequate 
     testing facilities are maintained to support missions of the 
     Department of Defense.

     SEC. 236. REQUIREMENT FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF ARRANGEMENTS FOR 
                   EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT AND 
                   EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS TO SUPPORT 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MISSIONS.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 217 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by 
     striking ``and each secretary of a military department may 
     establish one or more'' and inserting ``shall, acting through 
     the secretaries of the military departments, establish not 
     fewer than three''.
       (b) Extension.--Subsection (f) of such section is amended 
     by striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``September 
     30, 2022''.

     SEC. 237. AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DIRECTED ENERGY TRANSITION 
                   OFFICE TO CONDUCT RESEARCH RELATING TO HIGH 
                   POWERED MICROWAVE CAPABILITIES.

       Section 219(b)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 
     note) is amended by inserting ``, including high-powered 
     microwaves,'' after ``energy systems and technologies''.

     SEC. 238. JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH, 
                   DEVELOPMENT, AND TRANSITION ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Establishment.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
     set of activities within the Department of Defense to 
     coordinate the efforts of the Department to develop, mature, 
     and transition artificial intelligence technologies into 
     operational use.
       (2) Emphasis.--The set of activities established under 
     paragraph (1) shall apply artificial intelligence and machine 
     learning solutions to operational problems and coordinate 
     activities involving artificial intelligence and artificial 
     intelligence enabled capabilities within the Department.
       (b) Designation.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall designate a 
     senior official of the Department with principal 
     responsibility for the coordination of activities relating to 
     the development and demonstration of artificial intelligence 
     and machine learning for the Department.
       (c) Duties.--The duties of the official designated under 
     subsection (b) shall include the following:
       (1) Strategic plan.--Developing a detailed strategic plan 
     to develop, mature, adopt, and transition artificial 
     intelligence technologies into operational use. Such plan 
     shall include the following:
       (A) A strategic roadmap for the identification and 
     coordination of the development and fielding of artificial 
     intelligence technologies and key enabling capabilities.

[[Page H6673]]

       (B) The continuous evaluation and adaptation of relevant 
     artificial intelligence capabilities developed both inside 
     the Department and in other organizations for military 
     missions and business operations.
       (2) Acceleration of development and fielding of artificial 
     intelligence.--To the degree practicable, the designated 
     official shall--
       (A) use the flexibility of regulations, personnel, 
     acquisition, partnerships with industry and academia, or 
     other relevant policies of the Department to accelerate the 
     development and fielding of artificial intelligence 
     capabilities;
       (B) ensure engagement with defense and private industries, 
     research universities, and unaffiliated, nonprofit research 
     institutions;
       (C) provide technical advice and support to entities in the 
     Department and the military departments to optimize the use 
     of artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies 
     to meet Department missions;
       (D) support the development of requirements for artificial 
     intelligence capabilities that address the highest priority 
     capability gaps of the Department and technical feasibility;
       (E) develop and support capabilities for technical analysis 
     and assessment of threat capabilities based on artificial 
     intelligence;
       (F) ensure that the Department has appropriate workforce 
     and capabilities at laboratories, test ranges, and within the 
     organic defense industrial base to support the artificial 
     intelligence capabilities and requirements of the Department;
       (G) develop classification guidance for all artificial 
     intelligence related activities of the Department;
       (H) work with appropriate officials to develop appropriate 
     ethical, legal, and other policies for the Department 
     governing the development and use of artificial intelligence 
     enabled systems and technologies in operational situations; 
     and
       (I) ensure--
       (i) that artificial intelligence programs of each military 
     department and of the Defense Agencies are consistent with 
     the priorities identified under this section; and
       (ii) appropriate coordination of artificial intelligence 
     activities of the Department with interagency, industry, and 
     international efforts relating to artificial intelligence, 
     including relevant participation in standards setting bodies.
       (3) Governance and oversight of artificial intelligence and 
     machine learning policy.--Regularly convening appropriate 
     officials across the Department--
       (A) to integrate the functional activities of the 
     organizations and elements of the Department with respect to 
     artificial intelligence and machine learning;
       (B) to ensure there are efficient and effective artificial 
     intelligence and machine learning capabilities throughout the 
     Department; and
       (C) to develop and continuously improve research, 
     innovation, policy, joint processes, and procedures to 
     facilitate the development, acquisition, integration, 
     advancement, oversight, and sustainment of artificial 
     intelligence and machine learning throughout the Department.
       (d) Access to Information.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     the official designated under subsection (b) has access to 
     such information on programs and activities of the military 
     departments and other Defense Agencies as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate to carry out the coordination described 
     in subsection (b) and the duties set forth in subsection (c).
       (e) Study on Artificial Intelligence Topics.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the official designated under 
     subsection (b) shall--
       (A) complete a study on past and current advances in 
     artificial intelligence and the future of the discipline, 
     including the methods and means necessary to advance the 
     development of the discipline, to comprehensively address the 
     national security needs and requirements of the Department; 
     and
       (B) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the findings of the designated official with respect to 
     the study completed under subparagraph (A).
       (2) Consultation with experts.--In conducting the study 
     required by paragraph (1)(A), the designated official shall 
     consult with experts within the Department, other Federal 
     agencies, academia, any advisory committee established by the 
     Secretary that the Secretary determines appropriate based on 
     the duties of the advisory committee and the expertise of its 
     members, and the commercial sector, as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (3) Elements.--The study required by paragraph (1)(A) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A comprehensive and national-level review of--
       (i) advances in artificial intelligence, machine learning, 
     and associated technologies relevant to the needs of the 
     Department and the Armed Forces; and
       (ii) the competitiveness of the Department in artificial 
     intelligence, machine learning, and such technologies.
       (B) Near-term actionable recommendations to the Secretary 
     for the Department to secure and maintain technical advantage 
     in artificial intelligence, including ways--
       (i) to more effectively organize the Department for 
     artificial intelligence;
       (ii) to educate, recruit, and retain leading talent; and
       (iii) to most effectively leverage investments in basic and 
     advanced research and commercial progress in these 
     technologies.
       (C) Recommendations on the establishment of Departmentwide 
     data standards and the provision of incentives for the 
     sharing of open training data, including those relevant for 
     research into systems that integrate artificial intelligence 
     and machine learning with human teams.
       (D) Recommendations for engagement by the Department with 
     relevant agencies that will be involved with artificial 
     intelligence in the future.
       (E) Recommendations for legislative action relating to 
     artificial intelligence, machine learning, and associated 
     technologies, including recommendations to more effectively 
     fund and organize the Department.
       (f) Delineation of Definition of Artificial Intelligence.--
     Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary shall delineate a definition of the 
     term ``artificial intelligence'' for use within the 
     Department.
       (g) Artificial Intelligence Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``artificial intelligence'' includes the following:
       (1) Any artificial system that performs tasks under varying 
     and unpredictable circumstances without significant human 
     oversight, or that can learn from experience and improve 
     performance when exposed to data sets.
       (2) An artificial system developed in computer software, 
     physical hardware, or other context that solves tasks 
     requiring human-like perception, cognition, planning, 
     learning, communication, or physical action.
       (3) An artificial system designed to think or act like a 
     human, including cognitive architectures and neural networks.
       (4) A set of techniques, including machine learning, that 
     is designed to approximate a cognitive task.
       (5) An artificial system designed to act rationally, 
     including an intelligent software agent or embodied robot 
     that achieves goals using perception, planning, reasoning, 
     learning, communicating, decision making, and acting.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 241. REPORT ON SURVIVABILITY OF AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Army shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on the efforts of the Army to improve the 
     survivability of air defense artillery, with a particular 
     focus on the efforts of the Army to improve passive and 
     active nonkinetic capabilities and training with respect to 
     such artillery.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) An analysis of the utility of relevant passive and 
     active non-kinetic integrated air and missile defense 
     capabilities, including tactical mobility, new passive and 
     active sensors, signature reduction, concealment, and 
     deception systems, and electronic warfare and high-powered 
     radio frequency systems.
       (2) An analysis of the utility of relevant active kinetic 
     capabilities, such as a new, long-range counter-maneuvering 
     threat missile and additional indirect fire protection 
     capability units to defend Patriot and Terminal High Altitude 
     Area Defense batteries.
       (c) Form of Report.--The report required under subsection 
     (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain 
     a classified annex.

     SEC. 242. T-45 AIRCRAFT PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODE MITIGATION 
                   ACTIONS.

       Section 1063(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (131 Stat. 1576; Public Law 115-91) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(5) A list of all modifications to the T-45 aircraft and 
     associated ground equipment carried out during fiscal years 
     2017 through 2019 to mitigate the risk of physiological 
     episodes among T-45 crewmembers.
       ``(6) The results achieved by the modifications listed 
     pursuant to paragraph (5), as determined by relevant testing 
     and operational activities.
       ``(7) The cost of the modifications listed pursuant to 
     paragraph (5).
       ``(8) Any plans of the Navy for future modifications to the 
     T-45 aircraft that are intended to mitigate the risk of 
     physiological episodes among T-45 crewmembers.''.

     SEC. 243. REPORT ON EFFORTS OF THE AIR FORCE TO MITIGATE 
                   PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES AFFECTING AIRCRAFT 
                   CREWMEMBERS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on all efforts of the Air Force 
     to reduce the occurrence of, and mitigate the risk posed by, 
     physiological episodes affecting crewmembers of covered 
     aircraft.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include--
       (1) information on the rate of physiological episodes 
     affecting crewmembers of covered aircraft;
       (2) a description of the specific actions carried out by 
     the Air Force to address such episodes, including a 
     description of any upgrades or other modifications made to 
     covered aircraft to address such episodes;
       (3) schedules and cost estimates for any upgrades or 
     modifications identified under paragraph (3); and
       (4) an explanation of any organizational or other changes 
     to the Air Force carried out to address such physiological 
     episodes.
       (c) Covered Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered aircraft'' means--
       (1) F-35A aircraft of the Air Force;
       (2) T-6A aircraft of the Air Force; and
       (3) any other aircraft of the Air Force as determined by 
     the Secretary of the Air Force.

     SEC. 244. REPORT ON DEFENSE INNOVATION UNIT EXPERIMENTAL.

       Not later than May 1, 2019, the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Research and Engineering shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on Defense 
     Innovation Unit Experimental (in this section referred to as 
     the ``Unit''). Such a report shall include the following:

[[Page H6674]]

       (1) The integration of the Unit into the broader Department 
     of Defense research and engineering community to coordinate 
     and de-conflict activities of the Unit with similar 
     activities of the military departments, Defense Agencies, 
     Department of Defense laboratories, the Defense Advanced 
     Research Project Agency, the Small Business Innovation 
     Research Program, and other entities.
       (2) The metrics used to measure the effectiveness of the 
     Unit and the results of these metrics.
       (3) The number and types of transitions by the Unit to the 
     military departments or fielded to the warfighter.
       (4) The impact of the Unit's initiatives, outreach, and 
     investments on Department of Defense access to technology 
     leaders and technology not otherwise accessible to the 
     Department including--
       (A) identification of--
       (i) the number of non-traditional defense contractors with 
     Department of Defense contracts or other transactions 
     resulting directly from the Unit's initiatives, investments, 
     or outreach; and
       (ii) the number of traditional defense contractors with 
     contracts or other transactions resulting directly from the 
     Unit's initiatives;
       (B) the number of innovations delivered into the hands of 
     the warfighter; and
       (C) how the Department is notifying its internal components 
     about participation in the Unit.
       (5) The workforce strategy of the Unit, including whether 
     the Unit has appropriate personnel authorities to attract and 
     retain talent with technical and business expertise.
       (6) How the Department of Defense is documenting and 
     institutionalizing lessons learned and best practices of the 
     Unit to alleviate the systematic problems with technology 
     access and timely contract or other transaction execution.
       (7) An assessment of management and bureaucratic challenges 
     to the effective and efficient execution of the Unit's 
     missions, especially with respect to contracting and 
     personnel management.

     SEC. 245. MODIFICATION OF FUNDING CRITERIA UNDER HISTORICALLY 
                   BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY 
                   INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM.

       Section 2362(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Priority'' and 
     inserting ``Criteria''; and
       (2) by striking ``give priority in providing'' and 
     inserting ``limit''.

     SEC. 246. REPORT ON OA-X LIGHT ATTACK AIRCRAFT APPLICABILITY 
                   TO PARTNER NATION SUPPORT.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on the OA-X light attack aircraft 
     experiment and how the program incorporates partner nation 
     requirements.
       (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
     include a description of--
       (1) how the OA-X light attack experiment will support 
     partner nations' low-cost counter terrorism light attack 
     capability;
       (2) the extent to which the attributes of affordability, 
     interoperability, sustainability, and simplicity of 
     maintenance and operations are included in the requirements 
     for the OA-X; and
       (3) how Federal Aviation Administration certification and a 
     reasonable path for military type certifications for 
     commercial derivative aircraft are factored into foreign 
     military sales for a partner nation.

     SEC. 247. REPORTS ON COMPARATIVE CAPABILITIES OF ADVERSARIES 
                   IN KEY TECHNOLOGY AREAS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
     coordination with the Director of the Defense Intelligence 
     Agency, submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
     set of classified reports that set forth a direct comparison 
     between the capabilities of the United States in emerging 
     technology areas and the capabilities of adversaries of the 
     United States in such areas.
       (b) Elements.--The reports required by subsection (a) shall 
     include, for each technology area covered, the following:
       (1) An evaluation of spending by the United States and 
     adversaries on such technology.
       (2) An evaluation of the quantity and quality of research 
     on such technology.
       (3) An evaluation of the test infrastructure and workforce 
     supporting such technology.
       (4) An assessment of the technological progress of the 
     United States and adversaries on such technology.
       (5) Descriptions of timelines for operational deployment of 
     such technology.
       (6) An assessment of the intent or willingness of 
     adversaries to use such technology.
       (c) Technical Areas.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
     reports submitted under subsection (a) cover the following:
       (1) Hypersonics.
       (2) Artificial intelligence.
       (3) Quantum information science.
       (4) Directed energy weapons.
       (5) Such other emerging technical areas as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (d) Coordination.--The Secretary shall prepare the reports 
     in coordination with other appropriate officials of the 
     intelligence community and with such other partners in the 
     technology areas covered by the reports as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Select 
     Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Permanent 
     Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
     Representatives.

     SEC. 248. REPORT ON ACTIVE PROTECTION SYSTEMS FOR ARMORED 
                   COMBAT AND TACTICAL VEHICLES.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report on technologies related 
     to active protection systems (APS) for armored combat and 
     tactical vehicles.
       (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) With respect to the active protection systems that the 
     Army has recently tested on the M1A2 Abrams, the M2A3 
     Bradley, and the STRYKER, the following:
       (A) An assessment of the effectiveness of such systems.
       (B) Plans of the Secretary to further test such systems.
       (C) Proposals for future development of such systems.
       (D) A timeline for fielding such systems.
       (2) Plans for how the Army will incorporate active 
     protection systems into new armored combat and tactical 
     vehicle designs, such as Mobile Protection Firepower (MPF), 
     Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV), and Next Generation 
     Combat Vehicle (NGCV).

     SEC. 249. NEXT GENERATION COMBAT VEHICLE.

       (a) Prototype.--The Secretary of the Army shall take 
     appropriate actions to ensure that all necessary resources 
     are planned and programmed for accelerated prototyping, 
     component development, testing, or acquisition for the Next 
     Generation Combat Vehicle (NGCV).
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     development of the Next Generation Combat Vehicle.
       (2) Analysis.--
       (A) In general.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include a thorough analysis of the requirements of the Next 
     Generation Combat Vehicle.
       (B) Relevance to national defense strategy.--In carrying 
     out subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall ensure that the 
     requirements are relevant to the most recently published 
     National Defense Strategy.
       (C) Threats and terrain.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     the analysis includes consideration of threats and terrain.
       (D) Component technologies.--The Secretary shall ensure 
     that the analysis includes consideration of the latest 
     enabling component technologies developed by the Tank 
     Automotive, Research, Development, Engineering Center of the 
     Army that have the potential to dramatically change basic 
     combat vehicle design and improve lethality, protection, 
     mobility, range, and sustainment.
       (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     for fiscal year 2019 by section 201 and available for 
     research, development, testing, and evaluation, Army, for the 
     Next Generation Combat Vehicle, not more than 90 percent may 
     be obligated or expended until the Secretary submits the 
     report required by subsection (b).

     SEC. 250. MODIFICATION OF REPORTS ON MECHANISMS TO PROVIDE 
                   FUNDS TO DEFENSE LABORATORIES FOR RESEARCH AND 
                   DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR MILITARY 
                   MISSIONS.

       Subsection (c) of section 2363 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(c) Release and Dissemination of Information on 
     Contributions From Use of Authority to Military Missions.--
       ``(1) Collection of information.--The Secretary shall 
     establish and maintain mechanisms for the continuous 
     collection of information on achievements, best practices 
     identified, lessons learned, and challenges arising in the 
     exercise of the authority in this section.
       ``(2) Release of information.--The Secretary shall 
     establish and maintain mechanisms as follows:
       ``(A) Mechanisms for the release to the public of 
     information on achievements and best practices described in 
     paragraph (1) in unclassified form.
       ``(B) Mechanisms for dissemination to appropriate civilian 
     and military officials of information on achievements and 
     best practices described in paragraph (1) in classified 
     form.''.

     SEC. 251. BRIEFINGS ON MOBILE PROTECTED FIREPOWER AND FUTURE 
                   VERTICAL LIFT PROGRAMS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Army shall provide a briefing to the 
     Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee 
     on Armed Services of the House of Representatives on the 
     requirements of the Army for Mobile Protected Firepower (MPF) 
     and Future Vertical Lift (FVL).
       (b) Contents.--The briefing provided pursuant to subsection 
     (a) shall include the following:
       (1) With respect to the Mobile Protected Firepower program, 
     the following:
       (A) An explanation of how Mobile Protected Firepower could 
     survive against the effects of anti-armor and anti-aircraft 
     networks established within anti-access, area-denial 
     defenses.
       (B) An explanation of how Mobile Protected Firepower would 
     improve offensive overmatch against a peer adversary.
       (C) Details regarding the total number of Mobile Protected 
     Firepower systems needed by the Army.
       (D) An explanation of how the Mobile Protected Firepower 
     system will be logistically supported within light 
     formations.
       (E) Plans to integrate active protection systems into the 
     designs of the Mobile Protected Firepower program.
       (2) With respect to the Future Vertical Lift program, the 
     following:

[[Page H6675]]

       (A) An explanation of how Future Vertical Lift could 
     survive against the effects of anti-aircraft networks 
     established within anti-access, area-denial defenses.
       (B) An explanation of how Future Vertical Lift would 
     improve offensive overmatch against a peer adversary.
       (C) A review of the doctrine, organization, training, 
     materiel, leadership, education, personnel, and facilities 
     applicable to determine the total number of Future Vertical 
     Lift Capability Set 1 or Future Attack Reconnaissance 
     Aircraft (FARA), required by the Army.
       (D) An implementation plan for the establishment of Future 
     Vertical Lift, including a timeline for achieving initial and 
     full operational capability.
       (E) A description of the budget requirements for Future 
     Vertical Lift to reach full operational capability, including 
     an identification and cost of any infrastructure and 
     equipment requirements.
       (F) A detailed list of all analysis used to determine the 
     priority of Future Vertical Lift and which programs were 
     terminated, extended, de-scoped, or delayed in order to fund 
     Future Vertical Lift Capability Set 1 or Future Attack 
     Reconnaissance Aircraft in the Future Year's Defense Plan.
       (G) An assessment of the analysis of alternatives on the 
     Future Vertical Lift Capability Set 3 program.
       (H) An identification of any additional authorities that 
     may be required for achieving full operational capability of 
     Future Vertical Lift.
       (I) Any other matters deemed relevant by the Secretary.

     SEC. 252. IMPROVEMENT OF THE AIR FORCE SUPPLY CHAIN.

       (a) In General.--The Assistant Secretary of the Air Force 
     for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics may use funds 
     described in subsection (b) as follows:
       (1) For nontraditional technologies and sustainment 
     practices (such as additive manufacturing, artificial 
     intelligence, predictive maintenance, and other software-
     intensive and software-defined capabilities) to--
       (A) increase the availability of aircraft to the Air Force; 
     and
       (B) decrease backlogs and lead times for the production of 
     parts for such aircraft.
       (2) To advance the qualification, certification, and 
     integration of additive manufacturing into the Air Force 
     supply chain.
       (3) To otherwise identify and reduce supply chain risk for 
     the Air Force.
       (4) To define workforce development requirements and 
     training for personnel who implement and support additive 
     manufacturing for the Air Force at the warfighter, end-item 
     designer and equipment operator, and acquisition officer 
     levels.
       (b) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     for fiscal year 2019 by section 201 for research, 
     development, test, and evaluation for the Air Force and 
     available for Tech Transition Program (Program Element 
     (0604858F)), up to $42,800,000 may be available as described 
     in subsection (a).

     SEC. 253. REVIEW OF GUIDANCE ON BLAST EXPOSURE DURING 
                   TRAINING.

       (a) Initial Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     review the decibel level exposure, concussive effects 
     exposure, and the frequency of exposure to heavy weapons fire 
     of an individual during training exercises to establish 
     appropriate limitations on such exposures.
       (b) Elements.--The review required by subsection (a) shall 
     take into account current data and evidence on the cognitive 
     effects of blast exposure and shall include consideration of 
     the following:
       (1) The impact of exposure over multiple successive days of 
     training.
       (2) The impact of multiple types of heavy weapons being 
     fired in close succession.
       (3) The feasibility of cumulative annual or lifetime 
     exposure limits.
       (4) The minimum safe distance for observers and 
     instructors.
       (c) Updated Training Guidance.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the completion of the review under 
     subsection (a), each Secretary of a military department shall 
     update any relevant training guidance to account for the 
     conclusions of the review.
       (d) Updated Review.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than two years after the initial 
     review conducted under subsection (a), and not later than two 
     years thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
     updated review under such subsection, including consideration 
     of the matters set forth under subsection (b), and update 
     training guidance under subsection (c).
       (2) Consideration of new research and evidence.--Each 
     updated review conducted under paragraph (1) shall take into 
     account new research and evidence that has emerged since the 
     previous review.
       (e) Briefing Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives on a summary of the results of the 
     initial review under subsection (a), each updated review 
     conducted under subsection (d), and any updates to training 
     guidance and procedures resulting from any such review or 
     updated review.

     SEC. 254. COMPETITIVE ACQUISITION STRATEGY FOR BRADLEY 
                   FIGHTING VEHICLE TRANSMISSION REPLACEMENT.

       (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall develop 
     a strategy to competitively procure a new transmission for 
     the Bradley Fighting Vehicle family of vehicles.
       (b) Additional Strategy Requirements.--The plan required by 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) An analysis of the potential cost savings and 
     performance improvements associated with developing or 
     procuring a new transmission common to the Bradley Fighting 
     Vehicle family of vehicles, including the Armored 
     Multipurpose Vehicle and the Paladin Integrated Management 
     artillery system.
       (2) A plan to use full and open competition as required by 
     the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
       (c) Timeline.--Not later than February 15, 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees the strategy developed under subsection 
     (a).
       (d) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2019 by this Act for Weapons and 
     Tracked Combat Vehicles, Army, may be obligated or expended 
     to procure a Bradley Fighting Vehicle replacement 
     transmission until the date that is 30 days after the date on 
     which the Secretary of the Army submits to the congressional 
     defense committees the plan required by subsection (a).

     SEC. 255. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRONIC WARFARE PLANS 
                   AND PROGRAMS.

       (a) Agreement.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
     enter into an agreement with the private scientific advisory 
     group known as ``JASON'' to perform the services covered by 
     this section.
       (2) Timing.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into the 
     agreement described in paragraph (1) not later than 120 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Independent Assessment.--Under an agreement between the 
     Secretary and JASON under this section, JASON shall--
       (1) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
     doctrine of the Department of Defense related to the 
     electronic warfare mission area and electromagnetic spectrum 
     operations;
       (2) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
     doctrine of potential adversaries, such as China, Iran, and 
     the Russian Federation, related to the same;
       (3) develop recommendations for improvements to the 
     strategies, programs, and doctrine of the Department of 
     Defense in order to enable the United States to achieve and 
     maintain superiority in the electromagnetic spectrum in 
     future conflicts; and
       (4) develop recommendations for the Secretary, Congress, 
     and such other Federal entities as JASON considers 
     appropriate, including recommendations for--
       (A) closing technical, policy, or resource gaps;
       (B) improving cooperation and appropriate integration 
     within the Department of Defense entities;
       (C) improving cooperation between the United States and 
     other countries and international organizations as 
     appropriate; and
       (D) such other important matters identified by JASON that 
     are directly relevant to the strategies of the Department of 
     Defense described in paragraph (3).
       (c) Liaisons.--The Secretary shall appoint appropriate 
     liaisons to JASON to support the timely conduct of the 
     services covered by this section.
       (d) Materials.--The Secretary shall provide access to JASON 
     to materials relevant to the services covered by this 
     section, consistent with the protection of sources and 
     methods and other critically sensitive information.
       (e) Clearances.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     appropriate members and staff of JASON have the necessary 
     clearances, obtained in an expedited manner, to conduct the 
     services covered by this section.
       (f) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2019, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on--
       (1) the findings of JASON with respect to the assessments 
     carried out under subsection (b); and
       (2) the recommendations developed by JASON pursuant to such 
     subsection.
       (g) Alternate Contract Scientific Organization.--
       (1) In general.--If the Secretary is unable within the 
     period prescribed in paragraph (2) of subsection (a) to enter 
     into an agreement described in paragraph (1) of such 
     subsection with JASON on terms acceptable to the Secretary, 
     the Secretary shall seek to enter into such agreement with 
     another appropriate scientific organization that--
       (A) is not part of the government; and
       (B) has expertise and objectivity comparable to that of 
     JASON.
       (2) Treatment.--If the Secretary enters into an agreement 
     with another organization as described in paragraph (1), any 
     reference in this section to JASON shall be treated as a 
     reference to the other organization.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 312. Further improvements to energy security and resilience.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sales of electrical energy derived from 
              geothermal resources for projects at military 
              installations where resources are located.
Sec. 314. Operational energy policy.
Sec. 315. Funding of study and assessment of health implications of 
              per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in 
              drinking water by agency for toxic substances and disease 
              registry.
Sec. 316. Extension of authorized periods of permitted incidental 
              takings of marine mammals in the course of specified 
              activities by Department of Defense.

[[Page H6676]]

Sec. 317. Department of Defense environmental restoration programs.
Sec. 318. Joint study on the impact of wind farms on weather radars and 
              military operations.
Sec. 319. Core sampling at Joint Base San Antonio, Texas.
Sec. 320. Production and use of natural gas at Fort Knox, Kentucky.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Authorizing use of working capital funds for unspecified 
              minor military construction projects related to 
              revitalization and recapitalization of defense industrial 
              base facilities.
Sec. 322. Examination of Navy vessels.
Sec. 323. Limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of naval 
              vessels.
Sec. 324. Temporary modification of workload carryover formula.
Sec. 325. Limitation on use of funds for implementation of elements of 
              master plan for redevelopment of Former Ship Repair 
              Facility in Guam.
Sec. 326. Business case analysis for proposed relocation of J85 Engine 
              Regional Repair Center.
Sec. 327. Report on pilot program for micro-reactors.
Sec. 328. Limitation on modifications to Navy Facilities Sustainment, 
              Restoration, and Modernization structure and mechanism.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Reports on readiness.
Sec. 332. Matters for inclusion in quarterly reports on personnel and 
              unit readiness.
Sec. 333. Annual Comptroller General reviews of readiness of Armed 
              Forces to conduct full spectrum operations.
Sec. 334. Surface warfare training improvement.
Sec. 335. Report on optimizing surface Navy vessel inspections and crew 
              certifications.
Sec. 336. Report on depot-level maintenance and repair.
Sec. 337. Report on wildfire suppression capabilities of active and 
              reserve components.
Sec. 338. Report on relocation of steam turbine production from Nimitz-
              class and Ford-class aircraft carriers and Virginia-class 
              and Columbia-class submarines.
Sec. 339. Report on Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training 
              production, resourcing, and locations.
Sec. 340. Report on Air Force airfield operational requirements.
Sec. 341. Report on Navy surface ship repair contract costs.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 351. Coast Guard representation on explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Transportation to continental United States of retired 
              military working dogs outside the continental United 
              States that are suitable for adoption in the United 
              States.
Sec. 353. Scope of authority for restoration of land due to mishap.
Sec. 354. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 355. Study on phasing out open burn pits.
Sec. 356. Notification requirements relating to changes to uniform of 
              members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 357. Reporting on future years budgeting by subactivity group.
Sec. 358. Limitation on availability of funds for service-specific 
              Defense Readiness Reporting Systems.
Sec. 359. Prioritization of environmental impacts for facilities 
              sustainment, restoration, and modernization demolition.
Sec. 360. Sense of Congress relating to Soo Locks, Sault Sainte Marie, 
              Michigan.
Sec. 361. U.S. Special Operations Command Civilian Personnel.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2019 for the use of the Armed Forces and other 
     activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
     expenses, not otherwise provided for, for operation and 
     maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
     4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

     SEC. 311. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL DEFENSE PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 136 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by section 851, is further amended by 
     inserting after section 2283, as added by such section 851, 
     the following new section:

     ``SEC. 2284. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL DEFENSE PROGRAM.

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
     a program to be known as the `Explosive Ordnance Disposal 
     Defense Program' (in this section referred to as the 
     `Program') under which the Secretary shall ensure close and 
     continuous coordination between military departments on 
     matters relating to explosive ordnance disposal support for 
     commanders of geographic and functional combatant commands.
       ``(b) Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities.--The plan 
     under subsection (a) shall include provisions under which--
       ``(1) the Secretary of Defense shall--
       ``(A) assign the responsibility for the direction, 
     coordination, integration of the Program within the 
     Department of Defense to an Assistant Secretary of Defense;
       ``(B) the Assistant Secretary of Defense to whom 
     responsibility is assigned under paragraph (1) shall serve as 
     the key individual for the Program responsible for developing 
     and overseeing policy, plans, programs, and budgets, and 
     issuing guidance and providing direction on Department of 
     Defense explosive ordnance disposal activities;
       ``(C) designate the Secretary of the Navy, or a designee of 
     the Secretary's choice, as the executive agent for the 
     Department of Defense responsible for providing oversight of 
     the joint program executive officer who coordinates and 
     integrates joint requirements for explosive ordnance disposal 
     and carries out joint research, development, test, and 
     evaluation and procurement activities on behalf of the 
     military departments and combatant commands with respect to 
     explosive ordnance disposal;
       ``(D) designate a combat support agency to exercise fund 
     management responsibility of the Department of Defense-wide 
     program element for explosive ordnance disposal research, 
     development, test, and evaluation, transactions other than 
     contracts, cooperative agreements, and grants related to 
     section 2371 of this title during research projects including 
     rapid prototyping and limited procurement urgent activities, 
     and acquisition; and
       ``(E) designate an Army explosive ordnance disposal-
     qualified general officer from the combat support agency 
     designated under subparagraph (D) to serve as the Chairman of 
     the Department of Defense explosive ordnance disposal defense 
     program board; and
       ``(2) the Secretary of each military department shall 
     assess the needs of the military department concerned with 
     respect to explosive ordnance disposal and may carry out 
     research, development, test, and evaluation activities, 
     including other transactions and procurement activities to 
     address military department unique needs such as weapon 
     systems, manned and unmanned vehicles and platforms, cyber 
     and communication equipment, and the integration of explosive 
     ordnance disposal sets, kits and outfits and explosive 
     ordnance disposal tools, equipment, sets, kits, and outfits 
     developed by the department.
       ``(c) Annual Budget Justification Documents.--
       ``(1) For fiscal year 2021 and each fiscal year thereafter, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress with the 
     defense budget materials a consolidated budget justification 
     display, in classified and unclassified form, that includes 
     all of activities of the Department of Defense relating to 
     the Program.
       ``(2) The budget display under paragraph (1) for a fiscal 
     year shall include a single program element for each of the 
     following:
       ``(A) Civilian and military pay.
       ``(B) Research, development, test, and evaluation.
       ``(C) Procurement.
       ``(D) Other transaction agreements.
       ``(E) Military construction.
       ``(3) The budget display shall include funding data for 
     each of the military department's respective activities 
     related to explosive ordnance disposal, including--
       ``(A) operation and maintenance; and
       ``(B) overseas contingency operations.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter, as amended by section 851, is 
     further amended by inserting after the item relating to 
     section 2283, as added by such section 851, the following new 
     section:

``2284. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.''.

     SEC. 312. FURTHER IMPROVEMENTS TO ENERGY SECURITY AND 
                   RESILIENCE.

       (a) Energy Policy Authority.--Section 2911(b) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as 
     paragraphs (3), (4), and (5), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting before paragraph (3), as so redesignated, 
     the following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) establish metrics and standards for the assessment of 
     energy resilience;
       ``(2) require the Secretary of a military department to 
     perform mission assurance and readiness assessments of energy 
     power systems for mission critical assets and supporting 
     infrastructure, applying uniform mission standards 
     established by the Secretary of Defense;''.
       (b) Reporting on Energy Security and Resilience Goals.--
     Section 2911(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall include the energy 
     security and resilience goals of the Department of Defense in 
     the installation energy report submitted under section 
     2925(a) of this title for fiscal year 2018 and every fiscal 
     year thereafter. In the development of energy security and 
     resilience goals, the Department of Defense shall conform 
     with the definitions of energy security and resilience under 
     this title. The report shall include the amount of critical 
     energy load, together with the level of availability and 
     reliability by fiscal year the Department of Defense deems 
     necessary to achieve energy security and resilience.''.
       (c) Reporting on Installations Energy Management, Energy 
     Resilience, and Mission Assurance.--Section 2925(a) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``, including progress on energy 
     resilience at military installations according to metrics 
     developed by the Secretary'' after ``under section 2911 of 
     this title'';
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the mission 
     requirements associated with disruption tolerances based on 
     risk to mission'' and inserting ``the downtimes (in minutes 
     or hours) these missions can afford based on their mission 
     requirements and risk tolerances'';
       (3) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``(including critical 
     energy loads in megawatts and the associated downtime 
     tolerances for critical energy

[[Page H6677]]

     loads)'' after ``energy requirements and critical energy 
     requirements'';
       (4) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (7); and
       (5) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(5) A list of energy resilience projects awarded by the 
     Department of Defense by military department and military 
     installation, whether appropriated or alternative financed 
     for the reporting fiscal year, including project description, 
     award date, the critical energy requirements serviced 
     (including critical energy loads in megawatts), expected 
     reliability of the project (as indicated in the awarded 
     contract), life cycle costs, savings to investment, fuel 
     type, and the type of appropriation or alternative financing 
     used.
       ``(6) A list of energy resilience projects planned by the 
     Department of Defense by military department and military 
     installation, whether appropriated or alternative financed 
     for the next two fiscal years, including project description, 
     fuel type, expected award date, and the type of appropriation 
     or alternative financing expected for use.''.
       (d) Inclusion of Energy Security and Resilience as 
     Priorities in Contracts for Energy or Fuel for Military 
     Installations.--Section 2922a(d) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(d) The Secretary concerned shall ensure energy security 
     and resilience are prioritized and included in the provision 
     and operation of energy production facilities under this 
     section.''.
       (e) Conveyance Authority for Utility Systems.--Section 2688 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d)(2), by adding at the end the 
     following: ``The business case analysis must also demonstrate 
     how a privatized system will operate in a manner consistent 
     with subsection (g)(3).''; and
       (2) in subsection (g)(3)--
       (A) by striking ``may require'' and inserting ``shall 
     require''; and
       (B) by striking ``consistent with energy resilience 
     requirements and metrics'' and inserting ``consistent with 
     energy resilience and cybersecurity requirements and 
     associated metrics''.
       (f) Modification of Energy Resilience Definition.--Section 
     101(e)(6) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``task critical assets and other''.
       (g) Authority To Accept Energy Performance Financial 
     Incentives From State and Local Governments.--Section 2913(c) 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``a 
     State or local government'' after ``generally available 
     from''.
       (h) Use of Energy Cost Savings To Implement Energy 
     Resilience and Energy Conservation Construction Projects.--
     Section 2912(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting ``, including energy resilience and 
     energy conservation construction projects,'' after ``energy 
     security measures''.
       (i) Additional Basis for Preservation of Property in the 
     Vicinity of Military Installations in Agreements With Non-
     Federal Entities on Use of Such Property.--Section 
     2684a(a)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``(B)'' and inserting ``(B)(i)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end of the following new clause:
       ``(ii) maintains or improves military installation 
     resilience; or''.

     SEC. 313. USE OF PROCEEDS FROM SALES OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY 
                   DERIVED FROM GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES FOR PROJECTS 
                   AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS WHERE RESOURCES ARE 
                   LOCATED.

       Subsection (b) of section 2916 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Proceeds'' and 
     inserting ``Except as provided in paragraph (3), proceeds''; 
     and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) In the case of proceeds from a sale of electrical 
     energy generated from any geothermal energy resource--
       ``(A) 50 percent shall be credited to the appropriation 
     account described in paragraph (1); and
       ``(B) 50 percent shall be deposited in a special account in 
     the Treasury established by the Secretary concerned which 
     shall be available, for military construction projects 
     described in paragraph (2) or for installation energy or 
     water security projects directly coordinated with local area 
     energy or groundwater governing authorities, for the military 
     installation in which the geothermal energy resource is 
     located.''.

     SEC. 314. OPERATIONAL ENERGY POLICY.

       (a) In General.--Section 2926 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) as 
     subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), respectively;
       (2) by inserting before subsection (c), as redesignated by 
     paragraph (1), the following new subsections:
       ``(a) Operational Energy Policy.--In carrying out section 
     2911(a) of this title, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
     the types, availability, and use of operational energy 
     promote the readiness of the armed forces for their military 
     missions.
       ``(b) Authorities.--The Secretary of Defense may--
       ``(1) require the Secretary of a military department or the 
     commander of a combatant command to assess the energy 
     supportability of systems, capabilities, and plans;
       ``(2) authorize the use of energy security, cost of backup 
     power, and energy resilience as factors in the cost-benefit 
     analysis for procurement of operational equipment; and
       ``(3) in selecting equipment that will use operational 
     energy, give favorable consideration to the acquisition of 
     equipment that enhances energy security, energy resilience, 
     energy conservation, and reduces logistical 
     vulnerabilities.''; and
       (3) in subsection (c), as redesignated by subparagraph 
     (A)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Alternative 
     Fuel Activities'' and inserting ``Functions of the Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
     Environment'';
       (B) by striking ``heads of the military departments and the 
     Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' 
     and inserting ``heads of the appropriate Department of 
     Defense components'';
       (C) in paragraph (1), by striking ``lead the alternative 
     fuel activities'' and inserting ``oversee the operational 
     energy activities'';
       (D) in paragraph (2), by striking ``regarding the 
     development of alternative fuels by the military departments 
     and the Office of the Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
     ``regarding the policies and investments that affect the use 
     of operational energy across the Department of Defense'';
       (E) in paragraph (3), by striking ``prescribe policy to 
     streamline the investments in alternative fuel activities 
     across the Department of Defense'' and inserting ``recommend 
     to the Secretary policy to improve warfighting capability 
     through energy security and energy resilience''; and
       (F) in paragraph (5), by striking ``subsection (c)(4)'' and 
     inserting ``subsection (e)(4)''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 2925(b)(1) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 
     2926(b)'' and inserting ``section 2926(d)''.
       (2) Section 1061(c)(55) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     10 U.S.C. 111 note) is amended by striking ``Section 
     2926(c)(4)'' and inserting ``Section 2926(e)(4)''.

     SEC. 315. FUNDING OF STUDY AND ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH 
                   IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
                   SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER BY 
                   AGENCY FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE 
                   REGISTRY.

       (a) Funding.--Paragraph (2) of section 316(a) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(2) Funding.--
       ``(A) Source of funds.--The study and assessment performed 
     pursuant to this section may be paid for using funds 
     authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Defense 
     under the heading `Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide'.
       ``(B) Transfer authority.--(i) Of the amounts authorized to 
     be appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
     2018, not more than $10,000,000 shall be transferred by the 
     Secretary of Defense, without regard to section 2215 of title 
     10, United States Code, to the Secretary of Health and Human 
     Services to pay for the study and assessment required by this 
     section.
       ``(ii) Without regard to section 2215 of title 10, United 
     States Code, the Secretary of Defense may transfer not more 
     than $10,000,000 a year during fiscal years 2019 and 2020 to 
     the Secretary of Health and Human Services to pay for the 
     study and assessment required by this section.
       ``(C) Expenditure authority.--Amounts transferred to the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services shall be used to carry 
     out the study and assessment under this section through 
     contracts, cooperative agreements, or grants. In addition, 
     such funds may be transferred by the Secretary of Health and 
     Human Services to other accounts of the Department for the 
     purposes of carrying out this section.
       ``(D) Relationship to other transfer authorities.--The 
     transfer authority provided under this paragraph is in 
     addition to any other transfer authority available to the 
     Department of Defense.''.
       (b) Report to Congress on Department of Defense Assessment 
     and Remediation Plan.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     on which the Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
     Agency establishes a maximum contaminant level for per- and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) contamination in drinking 
     water in a national primary drinking water regulation under 
     section 1412 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300g-
     1), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report containing a plan 
     to--
       (1) assess any contamination at Department of Defense 
     installations and surrounding communities that may have 
     occurred from PFAS usage by the Department of Defense;
       (2) identify any remediation actions the Department plans 
     to undertake using the maximum contaminant level established 
     by the Environmental Protection Agency;
       (3) provide an estimate of the cost of such remediation and 
     a schedule for accomplishing such remediation; and
       (4) provide an assessment of past expenditures by local 
     water authorities to address contamination before the 
     Environmental Protection Agency established a maximum 
     contaminant level and an estimate of the cost to reimburse 
     communities that remediated water to a level not greater than 
     such level.
       (c) Assessment of Health Effects of PFAS Exposure.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall conduct an assessment of the human 
     health implications of PFAS exposure. Such assessment shall 
     include--
       (1) a meta-analysis that considers the current scientific 
     evidence base linking the health effects of PFAS on 
     individuals who served as members of the Armed Forces and 
     were exposed to PFAS at military installations;

[[Page H6678]]

       (2) an estimate of the number of members of the Armed 
     Forces and veterans who may have been exposed to PFAS while 
     serving in the Armed Forces;
       (3) the development of a process that would facilitate the 
     transfer between the Department of Defense and the Department 
     of Veterans Affairs of health information of individuals who 
     served in the Armed Forces and may have been exposed to PFAS 
     during such service; and
       (4) a description of the amount of funding that would be 
     required to administer a potential registry of individuals 
     who may have been exposed to PFAS while serving in the Armed 
     Forces.

     SEC. 316. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZED PERIODS OF PERMITTED 
                   INCIDENTAL TAKINGS OF MARINE MAMMALS IN THE 
                   COURSE OF SPECIFIED ACTIVITIES BY DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       Section 101(a)(5)(A) of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 
     1972 (16 U.S.C. 1371(a)(5)(A)) is amended--
       (1) in clause (i), by striking ``Upon request'' and 
     inserting ``Except as provided by clause (ii), upon 
     request'';
       (2) by redesignating clauses (ii) and (iii) as clauses 
     (iii) and (iv), respectively; and
       (3) by inserting after clause (i) the following new clause 
     (ii):
       ``(ii) In the case of a military readiness activity (as 
     defined in section 315(f) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 
     16 U.S.C. 703 note), clause (i) shall be applied--
       ``(I) in the matter preceding clause (I), by substituting 
     `seven consecutive years' for `five consecutive years'; and
       ``(II) in clause (I), by substituting `seven-year' for 
     `five-year'.''.

     SEC. 317. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) The Department of Defense has identified nearly 39,500 
     sites that fall under the installation restoration program 
     sites and munitions response sites.
       (2) The installation response program addresses 
     contamination from hazardous substances, pollutants, or 
     contaminants and active military installations, formerly used 
     defense site properties, and base realignment and closure 
     locations in the United States.
       (3) Munitions response sites are known or suspected to 
     contain unexploded ordnance, discarded military munitions, or 
     munitions constitutes are addressed through the military 
     munitions response program.
       (4) The installation restoration program sites and 
     munitions response sites have had significant impacts on 
     state and local governments that have had to bear the 
     increased costs of environmental degradation, notably 
     groundwater contamination, and local populations that have 
     had to live with the consequences of contaminated drinking, 
     including increased health concerns and decreasing property 
     values.
       (5) Through the end of fiscal year 2017, the Department of 
     Defense had achieved response complete at 86 percent of 
     installation restoration program sites and munitions response 
     sites, but projects that it will fall short of meeting its 
     goal of 90 percent by the end of fiscal year 2018.
       (6) The fiscal year 2019 budget request for environmental 
     restoration and base realignment and closure amounted to 
     nearly $1,318,320,000, a decrease of $53,429,000 from the 
     amount authorized in the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91).
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the environmental restoration and base realignment and 
     closure programs are important for the protection of the 
     environment, the health of the military and civilian 
     personnel and their families who live and work on military 
     installations, to ensure that current and legacy military 
     operations do not adversely affect the health or environments 
     of surrounding communities;
       (2) the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces should 
     seek to reduce the financial burden on state and local 
     government who are bearing significant costs of cleanup 
     stemming from defense related activities;
       (3) the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces should 
     expedite and streamline cleanup at locations where 
     contamination is having a direct impact on civilian access to 
     clean drinking water;
       (4) the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces should 
     continue to engage with and help allay local community 
     concerns about the safety of the drinking water due to 
     environmental degradation caused by defense related 
     activities; and
       (5) the Department of Defense should seek opportunities to 
     accelerate environmental restoration efforts where feasible, 
     to include programming additional resources for response 
     actions, investing in technology solutions that may expedite 
     response actions, improving contracting procedures, 
     increasing contracting capacity, and seeking opportunities 
     for partnerships and other cooperative approaches.

     SEC. 318. JOINT STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF WIND FARMS ON WEATHER 
                   RADARS AND MILITARY OPERATIONS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter into 
     an arrangement with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
     Administration to conduct a study on how to improve existing 
     National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and National 
     Weather Service tools to reflect the latest data and policies 
     to improve consistency in weather radars, with a focus on a 
     research and development and field test evaluation program to 
     validate existing mitigation options and develop additional 
     options for weather radar impact, in collaboration with the 
     National Weather Service, the Department of Energy, and the 
     Federal Aviation Administration, and with input from academia 
     and industry.
       (b) Elements.--The study required pursuant to subsection 
     (a) shall include the following:
       (1) The potential impacts of wind farms on NEXRAD radars 
     and other Federal radars for weather forecasts and warnings 
     used by the Department of Defense, the National Oceanic and 
     Atmospheric Administration, and the National Weather Service.
       (2) Recommendations to reduce, mitigate, or eliminate the 
     potential impacts.
       (3) Recommendations for addressing the impacts to NEXRADs 
     and weather radar due to increasing turbine heights.
       (4) Recommendations to ensure wind farms do not impact the 
     ability of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
     Administration and the National Weather Service to warn or 
     forecast hazardous weather.
       (5) The cumulative impacts of multiple wind farms near a 
     single radar on the ability of the National Oceanic and 
     Atmospheric Administration and the National Weather Service 
     to warn or forecast hazardous weather.
       (6) An analysis of whether certain wind turbine projects, 
     based on project layout, turbine orientation, number of 
     turbines, density of turbines, proximity to radar, or turbine 
     height result in greater impacts to the missions of 
     Department of Defense, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
     Administration, and the National Weather Service, and if so, 
     how can those projects be better cited to reduce or eliminate 
     NEXRAD impacts.
       (7) Case studies where the Department of Defense, the 
     National Weather Service, and industry have worked together 
     to implement solutions.
       (8) Mitigation options, including software and hardware 
     upgrades, which the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
     Administration and the National Weather Service have 
     researched and analyzed, and the results of such research and 
     analysis.
       (9) A review of mitigation research performed to date by 
     the Government and or academia.
       (10) Identification of future research opportunities, 
     requirements, and recommendations for the SENSR program to 
     mitigate energy development.
       (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 12 months after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the study conducted pursuant to subsection (a).

     SEC. 319. CORE SAMPLING AT JOINT BASE SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS.

       (a) Site Investigation Required.--The Secretary of the Air 
     Force shall conduct a core sampling study along the proposed 
     route of the W-6 wastewater treatment line on Air Force real 
     property, in compliance with best engineering practices, to 
     determine if any regulated or hazardous substances are 
     present in the soil along the proposed route.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 15 months after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air 
     Force shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     results of the core samples taken pursuant to subsection (a).

     SEC. 320. PRODUCTION AND USE OF NATURAL GAS AT FORT KNOX, 
                   KENTUCKY.

       (a) Authority.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army is authorized to 
     continue production, treatment, management, and use of the 
     natural gas from covered wells at Fort Knox, without regard 
     to section 3 of the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands 
     (30 U.S.C. 352), with the limitation that the Secretary of 
     the Army shall comply with the Mineral Leasing Act, Mineral 
     Leasing Act for Acquired Lands, and the Federal Oil and Gas 
     Royalty Management Act, for additional oil or natural gas 
     drilling operations and production activities beyond the 
     production from the covered wells at Fort Knox.
       (2) Contract authority.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     enter into a contract with an appropriate entity to carry out 
     paragraph (1), with the limitation that the authority 
     provided in this section does not affect or authorize any 
     interference with the Muldraugh Gas Storage Facility at Fort 
     Knox.
       (b) Royalties to the State of Kentucky.--
       (1) In general.--In implementing this section--
       (A) The Secretary of the Interior shall calculate the value 
     of royalty payments, calculated on a calendar year basis 
     beginning on the date of enactment of this section, that the 
     State of Kentucky would have received under the Mineral 
     Leasing Act for Acquired Lands (30 U.S.C. 352) for future 
     natural gas produced at Fort Knox under the authority of this 
     section as though the natural gas had been produced under the 
     Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands, and provide the 
     calculation to the Secretary of the Army.
       (B) Upon request of the Secretary of the Interior, the 
     Secretary of the Army or its contractor shall promptly 
     provide all information, documents, or other materials the 
     Secretary of the Interior deems necessary to conduct this 
     calculation.
       (C) The Secretary of the Army shall pay to the Treasury of 
     the United States the value of royalty calculated under this 
     section upon receipt of the calculation from the Secretary of 
     the Interior.
       (D) The Secretary of the Interior shall disburse the sums 
     collected from the Secretary of the Army pursuant to this 
     paragraph to the State of Kentucky as though the funds were 
     being disbursed to the State under section 6 of the Mineral 
     Leasing Act for Acquired Lands (30 U.S.C. 355) no later than 
     6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (E) Regardless of the value of the royalty payments 
     calculated under subparagraph (A), in no

[[Page H6679]]

     case may the amount of the sums disbursed under subparagraph 
     (D) for any calendar year exceed $49,000.
       (2) Waiver authority.--The Governor of Kentucky may waive 
     paragraph (1) by providing written notice to the Secretary of 
     the Interior to that effect.
       (c) Ownership of Facilities.--The Secretary of the Army may 
     take ownership of any gas production and treatment equipment 
     and facilities and associated infrastructure from an entity 
     with which the Secretary has entered into a contract under 
     subsection (a) in accordance with the terms of the contract. 
     The Secretary of the Interior shall have no responsibility 
     for the plugging and abandonment of the covered wells at Fort 
     Knox, the reclamation of the covered wells at Fort Knox, or 
     any environmental damage caused or associated with the 
     production of the covered wells at Fort Knox.
       (d) Applicability.--The authority of the Secretary of the 
     Army under this section is effective as of August 2, 2007.
       (e) Limitation on Uses.--Any natural gas produced under the 
     authority of this section may be used only to support energy 
     security and energy resilience at Fort Knox. For purposes of 
     this section, energy security and energy resilience include 
     maintaining and continuing to produce natural gas from the 
     covered wells at Fort Knox, and enhancing the Fort Knox 
     energy grid through acquisition and maintenance of battery 
     storage, loop transmission lines and pipelines, sub-stations, 
     and automated circuitry.
       (f) Safety Standards for Gas Wells.--The covered wells at 
     Fort Knox shall meet the same technical installation and 
     operating standards that they would have had to meet had they 
     been installed under a lease pursuant to the Mineral Leasing 
     Act for Acquired Lands. Such standards include the gas 
     measurement requirements in the Federal Oil and Gas Royalty 
     Management Act and the operational standards in the Onshore 
     Oil and Gas Operating and Production regulations issued by 
     the Bureau of Land Management. The Bureau of Land Management 
     shall inspect and enforce the Army's and its contractor's 
     compliance with the standards of the Mineral Leasing Act for 
     Acquired Lands, the Federal Oil and Gas Royalty Management 
     Act, and the Bureau of Land Management Onshore Oil and Gas 
     Operating and Production regulations.
       (g) Covered Wells at Fort Knox.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered wells at Fort Knox'' means the 26 wells located at 
     Fort Knox, Kentucky, as of the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

     SEC. 321. AUTHORIZING USE OF WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS FOR 
                   UNSPECIFIED MINOR MILITARY CONSTRUCTION 
                   PROJECTS RELATED TO REVITALIZATION AND 
                   RECAPITALIZATION OF DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE 
                   FACILITIES.

       Section 2208 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(u) Use for Unspecified Minor Military Construction 
     Projects to Revitalize and Recapitalize Defense Industrial 
     Base Facilities.--(1) The Secretary of a military department 
     may use a working capital fund of the department under this 
     section to carry out an unspecified minor military 
     construction project under section 2805 for the 
     revitalization and recapitalization of a defense industrial 
     base facility owned by the United States and under the 
     jurisdiction of the Secretary.
       ``(2) Section 2805 shall apply with respect to a project 
     carried out with a working capital fund under the authority 
     of this subsection in the same manner as such section applies 
     to any unspecified minor military construction project under 
     section 2805.
       ``(3) In this subsection, the term `defense industrial base 
     facility' means any Department of Defense depot, arsenal, 
     shipyard, or plant located within the United States.
       ``(4) The authority to use a working capital fund to carry 
     out a project under the authority of this subsection expires 
     on September 30, 2023.''.

     SEC. 322. EXAMINATION OF NAVY VESSELS.

       (a) Notice of Examinations.--Subsection (a) of section 7304 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(1) The 
     Secretary''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), any naval 
     vessel examined under this section on or after January 1, 
     2020, shall be examined with minimal notice provided to the 
     crew of the vessel.
       ``(B) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to a vessel 
     undergoing necessary trials before acceptance into the 
     fleet.''.
       (b) Annual Report.--Such section is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Annual Report.--(1) Not later than March 1 each year, 
     the board designated under subsection (a) shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
     following:
       ``(A) An overall narrative summary of the material 
     readiness of Navy ships as compared to established material 
     requirements standards.
       ``(B) The overall number and types of vessels inspected 
     during the preceding fiscal year.
       ``(C) For in-service vessels, material readiness trends by 
     inspected functional area as compared to the previous five 
     years.
       ``(2) Each report under this subsection shall be submitted 
     in an unclassified form that is releasable to the public 
     without further redaction.
       ``(3) No report shall be required under this subsection 
     after October 1, 2021.''.

     SEC. 323. LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS FORWARD DEPLOYMENT 
                   OF NAVAL VESSELS.

       (a) Limitation.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 633 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 7320. Limitation on length of overseas forward 
       deployment of naval vessels

       ``(a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy shall ensure 
     that no naval vessel specified in subsection (b) that is 
     listed in the Naval Vessel Register is forward deployed 
     overseas for a period in excess of ten years. At the end of a 
     period of overseas forward deployment, the vessel shall be 
     assigned a homeport in the United States.
       ``(b) Vessels Specified.--A naval vessel specified in this 
     subsection is any of the following:
       ``(1) Aircraft carrier.
       ``(2) Amphibious ship.
       ``(3) Cruiser.
       ``(4) Destroyer.
       ``(5) Frigate.
       ``(6) Littoral Combat Ship.
       ``(c) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the 
     limitation under subsection (a) with respect to a naval 
     vessel if the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
     committees notice in writing of--
       ``(1) the waiver of such limitation with respect to the 
     vessel;
       ``(2) the date on which the period of overseas forward 
     deployment of the vessel is expected to end; and
       ``(3) the factors used by the Secretary to determine that a 
     longer period of deployment would promote the national 
     defense or be in the public interest.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new section:

``7320. Limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of naval 
              vessels.''.
       (b) Treatment of Currently Deployed Vessels.--In the case 
     of any naval vessel that has been forward deployed overseas 
     for a period in excess of ten years as of the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure 
     that such vessel is assigned a homeport in the United States 
     by not later than three years after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act.
       (c) Congressional Briefing.--Not later than October 1, 
     2020, the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives a briefing on the plan of the Secretary for 
     the rotation of forward deployed naval vessels.

     SEC. 324. TEMPORARY MODIFICATION OF WORKLOAD CARRYOVER 
                   FORMULA.

       During the period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act and ending on September 30, 2021, in carrying out 
     chapter 9, volume 2B (relating to Instructions for the 
     Preparation of Exhibit Fund-11a Carryover Reconciliation) of 
     Department of Defense regulation 7000.14-R, entitled 
     ``Financial Management Regulation (FMR)'', in addition to any 
     other applicable exemptions, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     ensure that with respect to each military department depot or 
     arsenal, outlay rates--
       (1) reflect the timing of when during a fiscal year 
     appropriations have historically funded workload; and
       (2) account for the varying repair cycle times of the 
     workload supported.

     SEC. 325. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                   ELEMENTS OF MASTER PLAN FOR REDEVELOPMENT OF 
                   FORMER SHIP REPAIR FACILITY IN GUAM.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for the Navy for fiscal year 2019 
     may be obligated or expended for any construction, 
     alteration, repair, or development of the real property 
     consisting of the Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam.
       (b) Exception.--The limitation under subsection (a) does 
     not apply to any project that directly supports depot-level 
     ship maintenance capabilities, including the mooring of a 
     floating dry dock.
       (c) Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam.--In this section, 
     the term ``Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam'' means the 
     property identified by that name under the base realignment 
     and closure authority carried out under the Defense Base 
     Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of 
     Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

     SEC. 326. BUSINESS CASE ANALYSIS FOR PROPOSED RELOCATION OF 
                   J85 ENGINE REGIONAL REPAIR CENTER.

       (a) Business Case Analysis.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall prepare a business case analysis on the proposed 
     relocation of the J85 Engine Regional Repair Center. Such 
     analysis shall include each of the following:
       (1) An overview of each alternative considered for the J85 
     Engine Regional Repair Center.
       (2) The one-time and annual costs associated with each such 
     alternative.
       (3) The effect of each such alternative on workload 
     capacity, capability, schedule, throughput, and costs.
       (4) The effect of each such alternative on Government-
     furnished parts, components, and equipment, including 
     mitigation strategies to address known limitations to T38 
     production throughput, especially such limitations caused by 
     Government-furnished parts, equipment, or transportation.
       (5) The effect of each such alternative on the transition 
     of the Air Force to the T-X training aircraft.
       (6) A detailed rationale for the selection of an 
     alternative considered as part of the business case analysis 
     under this section.

[[Page H6680]]

       (b) Limitation on Use of Funds for Relocation.--None of the 
     funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act, or otherwise 
     made available for the Air Force, may be obligated or 
     expended for any action to relocate the J85 Engine Regional 
     Repair Center until the date that is 150 days after the date 
     on which the Secretary of the Air Force provides to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives a briefing on the business case analysis 
     required by subsection (a).

     SEC. 327. REPORT ON PILOT PROGRAM FOR MICRO-REACTORS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 12 months after the 
     date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall develop 
     and submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the 
     Committee on Energy and Commerce in the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services and the 
     Committee on Energy and Natural Resources in the Senate a 
     report describing the requirements for, and components of, a 
     pilot program to provide resilience for critical national 
     security infrastructure at Department of Defense facilities 
     with high energy intensity and currently expensive utility 
     rates and Department of Energy facilities by contracting with 
     a commercial entity to site, construct, and operate at least 
     one licensed micro-reactor at a facility identified under the 
     report by December 31, 2027.
       (b) Consultation.--As necessary to develop the report 
     required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult 
     with--
       (1) the Secretary of Defense;
       (2) the Nuclear Regulatory Commission; and
       (3) the Administrator of the General Services 
     Administration.
       (c) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include--
       (1) identification of potential locations to site, 
     construct, and operate a micro-reactor at a Department of 
     Defense or Department of Energy facility that contains 
     critical national security infrastructure that the Secretary 
     determines may not be energy resilient;
       (2) assessments of different nuclear technologies to 
     provide energy resiliency for critical national security 
     infrastructure;
       (3) a survey of potential commercial stakeholders with 
     which to enter into a contract under the pilot program to 
     construct and operate a licensed micro-reactor;
       (4) options to enter into long-term contracting, including 
     various financial mechanisms for such purpose;
       (5) identification of requirements for micro-reactors to 
     provide energy resilience to mission-critical functions at 
     facilities identified under paragraph (1);
       (6) an estimate of the costs of the pilot program;
       (7) a timeline with milestones for the pilot program;
       (8) an analysis of the existing authority of the Department 
     of Energy and Department of Defense to permit the siting, 
     construction, and operation of a micro-reactor; and
       (9) recommendations for any legislative changes to the 
     authorities analyzed under paragraph (8) necessary for the 
     Department of Energy and the Department of Defense to permit 
     the siting, construction, and operation of a micro-reactor.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``critical national security infrastructure'' 
     means any site or installation that the Secretary of Energy 
     or the Secretary of Defense determines supports critical 
     mission functions of the national security enterprise.
       (2) The term ``licensed'' means holding a license under 
     section 103 or 104 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
       (3) The term ``micro-reactor'' means a nuclear reactor that 
     has a power production capacity that is not greater than 50 
     megawatts.
       (4) The term ``pilot program'' means the pilot program 
     described in subsection (a).
       (5) The term ``Secretary'' means Secretary of Energy.
       (e) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified appendix.
       (f) Limitations.--This Act does not authorize the 
     Department of Energy or Department of Defense to enter into a 
     contract with respect to the pilot program.

     SEC. 328. LIMITATION ON MODIFICATIONS TO NAVY FACILITIES 
                   SUSTAINMENT, RESTORATION, AND MODERNIZATION 
                   STRUCTURE AND MECHANISM.

       The Secretary of the Navy may not make any modification to 
     the existing Navy Facilities Sustainment, Restoration, and 
     Modernization structure or mechanism that would modify duty 
     relationships or significantly alter the existing structure 
     until 90 days after providing notice of the proposed 
     modification to the congressional defense committees.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

     SEC. 331. REPORTS ON READINESS.

       (a) Uniform Applicability of Readiness Reporting System.--
     Subsection (b) of section 117 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``and maintaining'' after 
     ``establishing'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``reporting system is 
     applied uniformly throughout the Department of Defense'' and 
     inserting ``reporting system and associated policies are 
     applied uniformly throughout the Department of Defense, 
     including between and among the joint staff and each of the 
     armed forces'';
       (3) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
     (5) and (6), respectively;
       (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(2) that is the single authoritative readiness reporting 
     system for the Department, and that there shall be no 
     military service specific systems;
       ``(3) that readiness assessments are accomplished at an 
     organizational level at, or below, the level at which forces 
     are employed;
       ``(4) that the reporting system include resources 
     information, force posture, and mission centric capability 
     assessments, as well as predicted changes to these 
     attributes;''; and
       (5) in paragraph (5), as redesignated by paragraph (3) of 
     this subsection, by inserting ``, or element of a unit,'' 
     after ``readiness status of a unit''.
       (b) Capabilities of Readiness Reporting System.--Such 
     section is further amended in subsection (c)--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``Measure, on a monthly basis, the 
     capability of units'' and inserting ``Measure the readiness 
     of units''; and
       (B) by striking ``conduct their assigned wartime missions'' 
     and inserting ``conduct their designed and assigned 
     missions'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``Measure, on an annual basis,'' and 
     inserting ``Measure''; and
       (B) by striking ``wartime missions'' and inserting 
     ``designed and assigned missions'';
       (3) in paragraph (3)--
       (A) by striking ``Measure, on an annual basis,'' and 
     inserting ``Measure''; and
       (B) by striking ``wartime missions'' and inserting 
     ``designed and assigned missions'';
       (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Measure, on a monthly 
     basis,'' and inserting ``Measure'';
       (5) in paragraph (5), by striking ``Measure, on an annual 
     basis,'' and inserting ``Measure'';
       (6) by striking paragraphs (6) and (8) and redesignating 
     paragraph (7) as paragraph (6); and
       (7) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``Measure, on a quarterly basis,'' and inserting ``Measure''.
       (c) Semi-annual and Monthly Joint Readiness Reviews.--Such 
     section is further amended in subsection (d)(1)(A) by 
     inserting ``, which includes a validation of readiness data 
     currency and accuracy'' after ``joint readiness review''.
       (d) Quarterly Report on Change in Current State of Unit 
     Readiness.--Such section is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (h); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Quarterly Report on Monthly Changes in Current State 
     of Readiness of Units.--For each quarter that begins after 
     the date of the enactment of this subsection and ends on or 
     before September 30, 2023, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on each monthly 
     upgrade or downgrade of the current state of readiness of a 
     unit that was issued by the commander of a unit during the 
     previous quarter, together with the rationale of the 
     commander for the issuance of such upgrade or downgrade.''.
       (e) Annual Report to Congress on Operational Contract 
     Support.--Such section is further amended by inserting after 
     the new subsection (f), as added by subsection (d)(2) of this 
     section, the following new subsection:
       ``(g) Annual Report on Operational Contract Support.--The 
     Secretary shall each year submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report in writing containing the results of the 
     most recent annual measurement of the capability of 
     operational contract support to support current and 
     anticipated wartime missions of the armed forces. Each such 
     report shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
     include a classified annex.''.
       (f) Regulations.--Such section is further amended in 
     subsection (h), as redesignated by subsection (d)(1) of this 
     section, by striking ``prescribe the units that are subject 
     to reporting in the readiness reporting system, what type of 
     equipment is subject to such reporting'' and inserting 
     ``prescribe the established information technology system for 
     Department of Defense reporting, specifically authorize 
     exceptions to a single-system architecture, and identify the 
     organizations, units, and entities that are subject to 
     reporting in the readiness reporting system, what 
     organization resources are subject to such reporting''.
       (g) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section heading.--Such section is further amended in 
     the section heading by striking ``: establishment; reporting 
     to congressional committees''.
       (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 2 is amended by striking the item 
     relating to section 117 and inserting the following new item:

``117. Readiness reporting system.''.

     SEC. 332. MATTERS FOR INCLUSION IN QUARTERLY REPORTS ON 
                   PERSONNEL AND UNIT READINESS.

       Section 482 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting after ``deficiency'' 
     the following: ``in the ground, sea, air, space, and cyber 
     forces, and in such other such areas as determined by the 
     Secretary of Defense,''; and
       (2) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Assigned 
     Mission'';
       (B) by striking paragraph (3);
       (C) by redesignating paragraphs (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (D) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph (2):
       ``(2) A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
     calendar year under this section shall also include an 
     assessment by each commander of a geographic or functional 
     combatant command of the readiness of the command to conduct 
     operations in a multidomain battle that integrates ground, 
     air, sea, space, and cyber forces.''.

     SEC. 333. ANNUAL COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEWS OF READINESS OF 
                   ARMED FORCES TO CONDUCT FULL SPECTRUM 
                   OPERATIONS.

       (a) Reviews Required.--For each of calendar years 2018 
     through 2021, the Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall conduct an annual review of the readiness of the Armed

[[Page H6681]]

     Forces to conduct each of the following types of full 
     spectrum operations:
       (1) Ground.
       (2) Sea.
       (3) Air.
       (4) Space.
       (5) Cyber.
       (b) Elements of Review.--In conducting a review under 
     subsection (a), the Comptroller General shall--
       (1) use standard methodology and reporting formats in order 
     to show changes over time;
       (2) evaluate, using fiscal year 2017 as the base year of 
     analysis--
       (A) force structure;
       (B) the ability of major operational units to conduct 
     operations; and
       (C) the status of equipment, manning, and training; and
       (3) provide reasons for any variances in readiness levels, 
     including changes in funding, availability in parts, training 
     opportunities, and operational demands.
       (c) Metrics.--For purposes of the reviews required by this 
     section, the Secretary of Defense shall identify and 
     establish metrics for measuring readiness for the operations 
     covered by subsection (a). In the first review conducted 
     under this section, the Comptroller General shall evaluate 
     and determine the validity of such metrics.
       (d) Access to Relevant Data.--For purposes of this section, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Comptroller 
     General has access to all relevant data, including--
       (1) any assessments of the ability of the Department of 
     Defense and the Armed Forces to execute operational and 
     contingency plans;
       (2) any internal Department readiness and force structure 
     assessments; and
       (3) the readiness databases of the Department and the Armed 
     Forces.
       (e) Reports.--
       (1) Annual report.--Not later than February 28, 2019, and 
     annually thereafter until 2022, the Comptroller General shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     House of Representatives an annual report on the review 
     conducted under subsection (a) for the year preceding the 
     year during which the report is submitted.
       (2) Additional reports.--At the discretion of the 
     Comptroller General, the Comptroller General may submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives additional reports addressing specific 
     mission areas within the operations covered by subsection (a) 
     in order to provide an independent assessment of readiness in 
     the areas of equipping, mapping, and training.

     SEC. 334. SURFACE WARFARE TRAINING IMPROVEMENT.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) In 2017, there were three collisions and one grounding 
     involving United States Navy ships in the Western Pacific. 
     The two most recent mishaps involved separate incidents of a 
     Japan-based United States Navy destroyer colliding with a 
     commercial merchant vessel, resulting in the combined loss of 
     17 sailors.
       (2) The causal factors in these four mishaps are linked 
     directly to a failure to take sufficient action in accordance 
     with the rules of good seamanship.
       (3) Because risks are high in the maritime environment, 
     there are widely accepted standards for safe seamanship and 
     navigation. In the United States, the International 
     Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and 
     Watchkeeping (hereinafter in this section referred to as the 
     ``STCW'') for Seafarers, standardizes the skills and 
     foundational knowledge a maritime professional must have in 
     seamanship and navigation.
       (4) Section 568 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2139) 
     endorsed the STCW process and required the Secretary of 
     Defense to maximize the extent to which Armed Forces service, 
     training, and qualifications are creditable toward meeting 
     merchant mariner licenses and certifications.
       (5) The Surface Warfare Officer Course Curriculum is being 
     modified to include ten individual Go/No Go Mariner 
     Assessments/Competency Check Milestones to ensure 
     standardization and quality of the surface warfare community.
       (6) The Military-to-Mariner Transition report of September 
     2017 notes the Army maintains an extensive STCW 
     qualifications program and that a similar Navy program does 
     not exist.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the Secretary of the Navy should establish a 
     comprehensive individual proficiency assessment process and 
     include such an assessment prior to all operational surface 
     warfare officer tour assignments; and
       (2) the Secretary of the Navy should significantly expand 
     the STCW qualifications process to improve seamanship and 
     navigation individual skills training for surface warfare 
     candidates, surface warfare officers, quartermasters and 
     operations specialists to include an increased set of courses 
     that directly correspond to STCW standards.
       (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
     the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report that includes each of the following:
       (1) A detailed description of the surface warfare officer 
     assessments process.
       (2) A list of programs that have been approved for credit 
     toward merchant mariner credentials.
       (3) A complete gap analysis of the existing surface warfare 
     training curriculum and STCW.
       (4) A complete gap analysis of the existing surface warfare 
     training curriculum and the 3rd mate unlimited licensing 
     requirement.
       (5) An assessment of surface warfare options to complete 
     the 3rd mate unlimited license and the STCW qualification.

     SEC. 335. REPORT ON OPTIMIZING SURFACE NAVY VESSEL 
                   INSPECTIONS AND CREW CERTIFICATIONS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy 
     shall submit to Congress a report on optimizing surface Navy 
     vessel inspections and crew certifications to reduce the 
     burden of inspection type visits that vessels undergo. Such 
     report shall include--
       (1) an audit of all surface Navy vessel inspections, 
     certifications, and required and recommended assist visits;
       (2) an analysis of such inspections, certifications, and 
     visits for redundancies, as well as any necessary items not 
     covered;
       (3) recommendations to streamline surface vessel 
     inspections, certifications, and required and recommended 
     assist visits to optimize effectiveness, improve material 
     readiness, and restore training readiness; and
       (4) recommendations for congressional action to address the 
     needs of the Navy as identified in the report.
       (b) Congressional Briefing.--Not later than January 31, 
     2019, the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the Senate 
     Committee on Armed Services and the House Committee on Armed 
     Services an interim briefing on the matters to be included in 
     the report required by subsection (a).

     SEC. 336. REPORT ON DEPOT-LEVEL MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR.

       The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the heads of 
     each of the military departments and the Chairman of the 
     Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on labor hours and depot 
     maintenance, which shall include--
       (1) the amount of public and private funding of depot-level 
     maintenance and repair (as defined in section 2460 of title 
     10 United States Code) for the Department of Defense, Army, 
     Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Special Operations Command, 
     and any other unified command identified by the Secretary, 
     expressed by commodity group by percentage and actual numbers 
     in terms of dollars and direct labor hours;
       (2) within each category of depot level maintenance and 
     repair for each entities, the amount of the subset of depot 
     maintenance workload that meets the description under section 
     2464 of title 10, United States Code, that is performed in 
     the public and private sectors by direct labor hours and by 
     dollars;
       (3) of the subset referred to in paragraph (2), the amount 
     of depot maintenance workload performed in the public and 
     private sector by direct labor hour and by dollars for each 
     entity that would otherwise be considered core workload under 
     such section 2464, but is not considered core because a 
     weapon system or equipment has not been declared a program of 
     record; and
       (4) the projections for the upcoming future years defense 
     program, including the distinction between the Navy and the 
     Marine Corps for the Department of the Navy, as well as any 
     unified command, including the Special Operations Command.

     SEC. 337. REPORT ON WILDFIRE SUPPRESSION CAPABILITIES OF 
                   ACTIVE AND RESERVE COMPONENTS.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
     wildfires endanger national security.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to Congress a report on the wildfire suppression capabilities 
     within the active and reserve components of the Armed Forces, 
     including the Modular Airborne Fire Fighting System Program, 
     and interagency cooperation with the Forest Service and the 
     Department of the Interior.

     SEC. 338. REPORT ON RELOCATION OF STEAM TURBINE PRODUCTION 
                   FROM NIMITZ-CLASS AND FORD-CLASS AIRCRAFT 
                   CARRIERS AND VIRGINIA-CLASS AND COLUMBIA-CLASS 
                   SUBMARINES.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics and the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for 
     Research, Development, and Acquisition, shall develop and 
     submit to Congress a report describing the potential impacts 
     on national defense and the manufacturing base resulting from 
     contractors or subcontractors relocating steam turbine 
     production for Nimitz-class and Ford-class aircraft carriers 
     and Virginia-class and Columbia-class submarines. Such report 
     shall address each of the following:
       (1) The overall risk of moving production on the national 
     security of the United States, including the likelihood of 
     production delay or reduction in quality of steam turbines.
       (2) The impact on national security from a delay in 
     production of aircraft carriers and submarines.
       (3) The impacts on regional suppliers the current 
     production of steam turbines draw on and their ability to 
     perform other contracts should a relocation happen.
       (4) The impact on the national industrial and manufacturing 
     base and loss of a critically skilled workforce resulting 
     from a relocation of production.
       (5) The risk of moving production on total cost of the 
     acquisition.

     SEC. 339. REPORT ON SPECIALIZED UNDERGRADUATE PILOT TRAINING 
                   PRODUCTION, RESOURCING, AND LOCATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on existing Specialized 
     Undergraduate Pilot

[[Page H6682]]

     Training (SUPT) production, resourcing, and locations.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) A description of the strategy of the Air Force for 
     utilizing existing SUPT locations to produce the number of 
     pilots the Air Force requires.
       (2) The number of pilots that each SUPT location has 
     graduated, by year, over the previous 5 fiscal years.
       (3) The forecast number of pilots that each SUPT location 
     will produce for fiscal year 2019.
       (4) The maximum production capacity of each SUPT location.
       (5) The extent to which existing SUPT installations are 
     operating at maximum capacity in terms of pilot production.
       (6) A cost estimate of the resources required for each SUPT 
     location to reach maximum production capacity.
       (7) A determination as to whether increasing production 
     capacity at existing SUPT locations will satisfy the Air 
     Force's SUPT requirement.
       (8) A timeline and cost estimation of establishing a new 
     SUPT location.
       (9) A discussion of whether the Air Force plans to operate 
     existing SUPT installations at maximum capacity over the 
     future years defense program.
       (10) A business case analysis comparing the establishment 
     of a new SUPT location to increasing production capacity at 
     existing SUPT locations.

     SEC. 340. REPORT ON AIR FORCE AIRFIELD OPERATIONAL 
                   REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall conduct an assessment and 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     detailing the operational requirements for Air Force 
     airfields.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) An assessment of the state of airfields where runway 
     degradation currently poses a threat to operations and 
     airfields where such degradation threatens operations in the 
     next five and ten years.
       (2) A description of the operational requirements for 
     airfields, including an assessment of the impact to 
     operations, cost to repair, cost to replace, remaining useful 
     life, and the required daily maintenance to ensure runways 
     are acceptable for full operations.
       (3) A description of any challenges with infrastructure 
     acquisition methods and processes.
       (4) An assessment of the operational impact in the event a 
     runway were to become inoperable due to a major degradation 
     incident, such as a crack or fracture resulting from lack of 
     maintenance and repair.
       (5) A plan to address any shortfalls associated with the 
     Air Force's runway infrastructure.
       (c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
     be in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex as 
     necessary.

     SEC. 341. REPORT ON NAVY SURFACE SHIP REPAIR CONTRACT COSTS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on Navy surface ship repair contract costs.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include, for each private sector maintenance 
     availability for a conventionally-powered Navy surface ship 
     for the prior two completed fiscal years, the following 
     elements:
       (1) Name of the ship.
       (2) Location of the availability.
       (3) Prime contractor performing the availability.
       (4) Date of the contract award.
       (5) Type of contract used, such as firm-fixed-price or 
     cost-plus-fixed-fee.
       (6) Solicitation number.
       (7) Number of offers received in response to the 
     solicitation.
       (8) Contract target cost at the date of contract award.
       (9) Contract ceiling cost of the contract at the date of 
     contract award.
       (10) Duration of the availability in days, including start 
     and end dates, at the date of contract award.
       (11) Final contract cost.
       (12) Final delivery cost.
       (13) Actual duration of the availability in days, including 
     start and end dates.
       (14) Description of growth work that was added after the 
     contract award, including the associated cost.
       (15) Explanation of why the growth work described in 
     paragraph (14) was not included in the scope of work 
     associated with the original contract award.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

     SEC. 351. COAST GUARD REPRESENTATION ON EXPLOSIVE SAFETY 
                   BOARD.

       Section 172(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``and Marine Corps'' and inserting ``Marine 
     Corps, and Coast Guard''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``When 
     the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the 
     Department of the Navy, the Secretary of Homeland Security 
     shall appoint an officer of the Coast Guard to serve as a 
     voting member of the board.''.

     SEC. 352. TRANSPORTATION TO CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES OF 
                   RETIRED MILITARY WORKING DOGS OUTSIDE THE 
                   CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES THAT ARE SUITABLE FOR 
                   ADOPTION IN THE UNITED STATES.

       Section 2583(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3)(A) In the case of a military working dog located 
     outside the continental United States at the time of 
     retirement that is suitable for adoption at that time, the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
     undertake transportation of the dog to the continental United 
     States (including transportation by contract at United States 
     expense) for adoption under this section unless--
       ``(i) the dog is adopted as described in paragraph (2)(A); 
     or
       ``(ii) transportation of the dog to the continental United 
     States would not be in the best interests of the dog for 
     medical reasons.
       ``(B) Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to alter 
     the preference in adoption of retired military working dogs 
     for former handlers as set forth in subsection (g).''.

     SEC. 353. SCOPE OF AUTHORITY FOR RESTORATION OF LAND DUE TO 
                   MISHAP.

       Subsection (e) of section 2691 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as added by section 2814 of the Military Construction 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (division B of Public 
     Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1849), is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) The authority under paragraphs (1) and (2) includes 
     activities and expenditures necessary to complete restoration 
     to meet the regulations of the Federal department or agency 
     with administrative jurisdiction over the affected land, 
     which may be different than the regulations of the Department 
     of Defense.''.

     SEC. 354. REPURPOSING AND REUSE OF SURPLUS ARMY FIREARMS.

       Section 348(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1365) is 
     amended by inserting ``shredded or'' before ``melted and 
     repurposed''.

     SEC. 355. STUDY ON PHASING OUT OPEN BURN PITS.

       (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to Congress a report that includes--
       (1) details of any ongoing use of open burn pits; and
       (2) the feasibility of phasing out the use of open burn 
     pits by using technology incinerators.
       (b) Open Burn Pit Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``open burn pit'' means an area of land--
       (1) that is designated by the Secretary of Defense to be 
     used for disposing solid waste by burning in the outdoor air; 
     and
       (2) does not contain a commercially manufactured 
     incinerator or other equipment specifically designed and 
     manufactured for the burning of solid waste.

     SEC. 356. NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO CHANGES TO 
                   UNIFORM OF MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

       (a) DLA Notification.--The Secretary of a military 
     department shall notify the Commander of the Defense 
     Logistics Agency of any plan to implement a change to any 
     uniform or uniform component of a member of the uniformed 
     services. Such notification shall be made not less than three 
     years prior to the implementation of such change.
       (b) Contractor Notification.--The Commander of the Defense 
     Logistics Agency shall notify a contractor when one of the 
     uniformed services plans to make a change to a uniform 
     component that is provided by that contractor. Such a 
     notification shall be made not less than 12 months prior to 
     any announcement of a public solicitation for the manufacture 
     of the new uniform component.
       (c) Waiver.--If the Secretary of a military department or 
     the Commander of the Defense Logistics Agency determines that 
     the notification requirement under subsection (a) would 
     adversely affect operational safety, force protection, or the 
     national security interests of the United States, the 
     Secretary or the Commander may waive such requirement.

     SEC. 357. REPORTING ON FUTURE YEARS BUDGETING BY SUBACTIVITY 
                   GROUP.

       Along with the budget for each fiscal year submitted by the 
     President pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
     States Code, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of 
     the military departments shall include in the OP-5 
     Justification Books, as detailed by Department of Defense 
     Financial Management Regulation 7000.14-R, the amount for 
     each individual subactivity group, as detailed in the 
     Department's future years defense program pursuant to section 
     221 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 358. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR SERVICE-
                   SPECIFIC DEFENSE READINESS REPORTING SYSTEMS.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
     Department of Defense for fiscal year 2019 for research, 
     development, test, and evaluation or procurement, and 
     available to develop service-specific Defense Readiness 
     Reporting Systems (referred to in this section as ``DRRS'') 
     may be made available for such purpose except for required 
     maintenance and in order to facilitate the transition to 
     DRRS-Strategic (referred to in this section as ``DRRS-S'').
       (b) Plan.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Under 
     Secretary for Personnel and Readiness shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a resource and funding plan 
     to include a schedule with relevant milestones on the 
     elimination of service-specific DRRS and the migration of the 
     military services and other organizations to DRRS-S.
       (c) Transition.--The military services shall complete the 
     transition to DRRS-S not later than October 1, 2019. The 
     Secretary of Defense shall notify the congressional defense 
     committees upon the complete transition of the services.
       (d) Reporting Requirement.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary for Personnel and 
     Readiness, the Under Secretary for

[[Page H6683]]

     Acquisition and Sustainment, and the Under Secretary for 
     Research and Engineering, in coordination with the 
     Secretaries of the military departments and other 
     organizations with relevant technical expertise, shall 
     establish a working group including individuals with 
     expertise in application or software development, data 
     science, testing, and development and assessment of 
     performance metrics to assess the current process for 
     collecting, analyzing, and communicating readiness data, and 
     develop a strategy for implementing any recommended changes 
     to improve and establish readiness metrics using the current 
     DRRS-Strategic platform.
       (2) Elements.--The assessment conducted pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) shall include--
       (A) identification of modern tools, methods, and approaches 
     to readiness to more effectively and efficiently collect, 
     analyze, and make decision based on readiness data; and
       (B) consideration of cost and schedule.
       (3) Submission to congress.--Not later than February 1, 
     2020, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees the assessment conducted 
     pursuant to paragraph (1).
       (e) Defense Readiness Reporting Requirements.--To the 
     maximum extent practicable, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     meet defense readiness reporting requirements consistent with 
     the recommendations of the working group established under 
     subsection (d)(1).

     SEC. 359. PRIORITIZATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS FOR 
                   FACILITIES SUSTAINMENT, RESTORATION, AND 
                   MODERNIZATION DEMOLITION.

       The Secretary of Defense shall establish prioritization 
     metrics for facilities deemed eligible for demolition within 
     the Facilities Sustainment, Restoration, and Modernization 
     (FSRM) process. Those metrics shall include full spectrum 
     readiness and environmental impacts, including the removal of 
     contamination.

     SEC. 360. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO SOO LOCKS, SAULT 
                   SAINTE MARIE, MICHIGAN.

       It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the Soo Locks in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, are of 
     critical importance to the national security of the United 
     States;
       (2) the Soo Locks are the only waterway connection from 
     Lake Superior to the Lower Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence 
     Seaway;
       (3) only the Poe Lock is of sufficient size to allow for 
     the passage of the largest cargo vessels that transport well 
     over 90 percent of all iron ore mined in the United States, 
     and this lock is nearing the end of its 50-year useful 
     lifespan;
       (4) a report issued by the Office of Cyber and 
     Infrastructure Analysis of the Department of Homeland 
     Security concluded that an unscheduled 6-month outage of the 
     Poe Lock would cause--
       (A) a dramatic increase in national and regional 
     unemployment; and
       (B) 75 percent of Great Lakes steel production, and nearly 
     all North American appliance, automobile, railcar, and 
     construction, farm, and mining equipment production to cease;
       (5) the Corps of Engineers is reevaluating a past economic 
     evaluation report to update the benefit-to-cost ratio for 
     building a new lock at the Soo Locks; and
       (6) the Secretary of the Army and all relevant Federal 
     agencies should--
       (A) expedite the completion of the report described in 
     paragraph (5) and ensure the analysis adequately reflects the 
     critical importance of the Soo Locks infrastructure to the 
     national security and economy of the United States; and
       (B) expedite all other necessary reviews, analysis, and 
     approvals needed to speed the required upgrades at the Soo 
     Locks.

     SEC. 361. U.S. SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.

       Notwithstanding section 143 of title 10, United States 
     Code, of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     for Operation and Maintenance, Defense-wide for United States 
     Special Operations Command civilian personnel, not less than 
     $4,000,000 shall be used to fund additional civilian 
     personnel in or directly supporting the office of the 
     Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and 
     Low-Intensity Conflict to support the Assistant Secretary in 
     fulfilling the additional responsibilities of the Assistant 
     Secretary that were added by the amendments to sections 
     138(b)(4), 139b, and 167 of title 10, United States Code, 
     made by section 922 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328).

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
              levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
              reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
              active duty for operational support.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

     SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

       The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty 
     personnel as of September 30, 2019, as follows:
       (1) The Army, 487,500.
       (2) The Navy, 335,400.
       (3) The Marine Corps, 186,100.
       (4) The Air Force, 329,100.

     SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH 
                   MINIMUM LEVELS.

       Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the 
     following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) For the Army, 487,500.
       ``(2) For the Navy, 335,400.
       ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,100.
       ``(4) For the Air Force, 329,100.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

     SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

       (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
     for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as 
     of September 30, 2019, as follows:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 343,500.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 199,500.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,100.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 107,100.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,000.
       (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
       (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed 
     by subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
     component shall be proportionately reduced by--
       (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
     serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component 
     which are on active duty (other than for training) at the end 
     of the fiscal year; and
       (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
     organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
     component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
     for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
     consent at the end of the fiscal year.
       (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual 
     members of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are 
     released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end 
     strength prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected 
     Reserve of such reserve component shall be increased 
     proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
     units and by the total number of such individual members.

     SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN 
                   SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES.

       Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
     reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
     September 30, 2019, the following number of Reserves to be 
     serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the 
     case of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
     organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
     training the reserve components:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 16,386.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,110.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 19,861.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 3,849.

     SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL 
                   STATUS).

       The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as 
     of the last day of fiscal year 2019 for the reserve 
     components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding 
     section 129 of title 10, United States Code) shall be the 
     following:
       (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
     22,294.
       (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
       (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
     15,861.
       (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,880.

     SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO 
                   BE ON ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

       During fiscal year 2019, the maximum number of members of 
     the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
     at any time on full-time operational support duty under 
     section 115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the 
     following:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2019 for the 
     use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
     the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise 
     provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
     funding table in section 4401.
       (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
     appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other 
     authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
     such purpose for fiscal year 2019.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Repeal of requirement for ability to complete 20 years of 
              service by age 62 as qualification for original 
              appointment as a regular commissioned officer.
Sec. 502. Enhancement of availability of constructive service credit 
              for private sector training or experience upon original 
              appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Standardized temporary promotion authority across the 
              military departments for officers in certain grades with 
              critical skills.

[[Page H6684]]

Sec. 504. Authority for promotion boards to recommend officers of 
              particular merit be placed higher on a promotion list.
Sec. 505. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board 
              consideration.
Sec. 506. Applicability to additional officer grades of authority for 
              continuation on active duty of officers in certain 
              military specialties and career tracks.
Sec. 507. Alternative promotion authority for officers in designated 
              competitive categories of officers.
Sec. 508. Attending Physician to the Congress.
Sec. 509. Matters relating to satisfactory service in grade for 
              purposes of retirement grade of officers in highest grade 
              of satisfactory service.
Sec. 510. Grades of Chiefs of Chaplains.
Sec. 511. Repeal of original appointment qualification requirement for 
              warrant officers in the regular Army.
Sec. 512. Reduction in number of years of active naval service required 
              for permanent appointment as a limited duty officer.
Sec. 513. Authority to designate certain reserve officers as not to be 
              considered for selection for promotion.
Sec. 514. GAO review of surface warfare career paths.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 515. Authorized strength and distribution in grade.
Sec. 516. Repeal of prohibition on service on Army Reserve Forces 
              Policy Committee by members on active duty.
Sec. 517. Expansion of personnel subject to authority of the Chief of 
              the National Guard Bureau in the execution of functions 
              and missions of the National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 518. Authority to adjust effective date of promotion in the event 
              of undue delay in extending Federal recognition of 
              promotion.
Sec. 519. National Guard Youth Challenge Program.
Sec. 520. Extension of authority for pilot program on use of retired 
              senior enlisted members of the Army National Guard as 
              Army National Guard recruiters.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 521. Enlistments vital to the national interest.
Sec. 522. Statement of benefits.
Sec. 523. Modification to forms of support that may be accepted in 
              support of the mission of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting 
              Agency.
Sec. 524.  Assessment of Navy standard workweek and related 
              adjustments.
Sec. 525. Notification on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 526. Navy watchstander records.
Sec. 527. Qualification experience requirements for certain Navy 
              watchstations.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Inclusion of strangulation and suffocation in conduct 
              constituting aggravated assault for purposes of the 
              Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 532. Punitive article on domestic violence under the Uniform Code 
              of Military Justice.
Sec. 533. Authorities of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
              Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 534. Report on feasibility of expanding services of the Special 
              Victims' Counsel to victims of domestic violence.
Sec. 535. Uniform command action form on disposition of unrestricted 
              sexual assault cases involving members of the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 536. Standardization of policies related to expedited transfer in 
              cases of sexual assault or domestic violence.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Clarification of expiration of term of appellate military 
              judges of the United States Court of Military Commission 
              Review.
Sec. 542. Security clearance reinvestigation of certain personnel who 
              commit certain offenses.
Sec. 543. Development of oversight plan for implementation of 
              Department of Defense harassment prevention and response 
              policy.
Sec. 544. Oversight of registered sex offender management program.
Sec. 545. Development of resource guides regarding sexual assault for 
              the military service academies.
Sec. 546. Improved crime reporting.
Sec. 547. Report on victims of sexual assault in reports of military 
              criminal investigative organizations.

   Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 551. Permanent career intermission program.
Sec. 552. Improvements to Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 553. Repeal of program on encouragement of postseparation public 
              and community service.
Sec. 554. Clarification of application and honorable service 
              requirements under the Troops-to-Teachers Program to 
              members of the Retired Reserve.
Sec. 555. Employment and compensation of civilian faculty members at 
              the Joint Special Operations University.
Sec. 556. Program to assist members of the Armed Forces in obtaining 
              professional credentials.
Sec. 557. Enhancement of authorities in connection with Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps programs.
Sec. 558. Expansion of period of availability of Military OneSource 
              program for retired and discharged members of the Armed 
              Forces and their immediate families.
Sec. 559. Prohibition on use of funds for attendance of enlisted 
              personnel at senior level and intermediate level officer 
              professional military education courses.

               Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education

Sec. 561. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 562. Department of Defense Education Activity policies and 
              procedures on sexual harassment of students of Activity 
              schools.
Sec. 563. Department of Defense Education Activity misconduct database.
Sec. 564. Assessment and report on active shooter threat mitigation at 
              schools located on military installations.

             Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 571. Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council 
              matters.
Sec. 572. Enhancement and clarification of family support services for 
              family members of members of special operations forces.
Sec. 573. Temporary expansion of authority for noncompetitive 
              appointments of military spouses by Federal agencies.
Sec. 574. Improvement of My Career Advancement Account program for 
              military spouses.
Sec. 575.  Assessment and report on the effects of permanent changes of 
              station on employment among military spouses.
Sec. 576. Provisional or interim clearances to provide childcare 
              services at military childcare centers.
Sec. 577. Multidisciplinary teams for military installations on child 
              abuse and other domestic violence.
Sec. 578. Pilot program for military families: prevention of child 
              abuse and training on safe childcare practices.
Sec. 579. Assessment and report on small business activities of 
              military spouses on military installations in the United 
              States.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Atomic veterans service certificate.
Sec. 582. Award of medals or other commendations to handlers of 
              military working dogs.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of distinguished-service cross to 
              Justin T. Gallegos for acts of valor during Operation 
              Enduring Freedom.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Annual defense manpower requirements report matters.
Sec. 592. Burial of unclaimed remains of inmates at the United States 
              Disciplinary Barracks Cemetery, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Sec. 593. Standardization of frequency of academy visits of the Air 
              Force Academy Board of Visitors with academy visits of 
              boards of other military service academies.
Sec. 594. National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service 
              matters.
Sec. 595. Public availability of top-line numbers of deployed members 
              of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on general and flag officer costs.
Sec. 597. Study on active service obligations for medical training with 
              other service obligations for education or training and 
              health professional recruiting.
Sec. 598. Criteria for interment at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 599. Limitation on use of funds pending submittal of report on 
              Army Marketing and Advertising Program.
Sec. 600. Proof of period of military service for purposes of interest 
              rate limitation under the Servicemembers Civil Relief 
              Act.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

     SEC. 501. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR ABILITY TO COMPLETE 20 
                   YEARS OF SERVICE BY AGE 62 AS QUALIFICATION FOR 
                   ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A REGULAR COMMISSIONED 
                   OFFICER.

       (a) Repeal.--Subsection (a) of section 532 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (2); and
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as 
     paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Such section is further amended 
     by striking subsection (d).
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to original appointments of 
     regular commissioned officers of the Armed Forces made on or 
     after that date.

     SEC. 502. ENHANCEMENT OF AVAILABILITY OF CONSTRUCTIVE SERVICE 
                   CREDIT FOR PRIVATE SECTOR TRAINING OR 
                   EXPERIENCE UPON ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A 
                   COMMISSIONED OFFICER.

       (a) Regular Officers.--

[[Page H6685]]

       (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of section 533 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraph (D) and 
     inserting the following new subparagraph (D):
       ``(D) Additional credit for special training or experience 
     in a particular officer career field as designated by the 
     Secretary concerned, if such training or experience is 
     directly related to the operational needs of the armed force 
     concerned.''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by striking ``Except as authorized by the Secretary 
     concerned in individual cases and under regulations 
     prescribed by the Secretary of Defense in the case of a 
     medical or dental officer, the amount'' and inserting ``The 
     amount''; and
       (ii) by striking ``in the grade of major in the Army, Air 
     Force, or Marine Corps or lieutenant commander in the Navy'' 
     and inserting ``in the grade of colonel in the Army, Air 
     Force, or Marine Corps or captain in the Navy''.
       (2) Repeal of temporary authority for service credit for 
     critically necessary cyberspace-related experience.--Such 
     section is further amended--
       (A) in subsections (a)(2) and (c), by striking ``or (g)''; 
     and
       (B) by striking subsection (g).
       (b) Reserve Officers.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of section 12207 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraph (D) and 
     inserting the following new subparagraph (D):
       ``(D) Additional credit for special training or experience 
     in a particular officer career field as designated by the 
     Secretary concerned, if such training or experience is 
     directly related to the operational needs of the armed force 
     concerned.''; and
       (B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following 
     new paragraph (3):
       ``(3) The amount of constructive service credit credited to 
     an officer under this subsection may not exceed the amount 
     required in order for the officer to be eligible for an 
     original appointment as a reserve officer of the Army, Air 
     Force, or Marine Corps in the grade of colonel or as a 
     reserve officer of the Navy in the grade of captain.''.
       (2) Repeal of temporary authority for service credit for 
     critically necessary cyberspace-related experience.--Such 
     section is further amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (e);
       (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively; and
       (C) in subsection (e), as redesignated by subparagraph (B), 
     by striking ``, (d), or (e)'' and inserting ``or (d)''.

     SEC. 503. STANDARDIZED TEMPORARY PROMOTION AUTHORITY ACROSS 
                   THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS FOR OFFICERS IN 
                   CERTAIN GRADES WITH CRITICAL SKILLS.

       (a) Standardized Temporary Promotion Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 35 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 605. Promotion to certain grades for officers with 
       critical skills: colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, 
       captain; captain, commander, lieutenant commander, 
       lieutenant

       ``(a) In General.--An officer in the grade of first 
     lieutenant, captain, major, or lieutenant colonel in the 
     Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or lieutenant (junior 
     grade), lieutenant, lieutenant commander, or commander in the 
     Navy, who is described in subsection (b) may be temporarily 
     promoted to the grade of captain, major, lieutenant colonel, 
     or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or 
     lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, or captain in 
     the Navy, as applicable, under regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned. Appointments 
     under this section shall be made by the President, by and 
     with the advice and consent of the Senate.
       ``(b) Covered Officers.--An officer described in this 
     subsection is any officer in a grade specified in subsection 
     (a) who--
       ``(1) has a skill in which the armed force concerned has a 
     critical shortage of personnel (as determined by the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned); and
       ``(2) is serving in a position (as determined by the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned) that--
       ``(A) is designated to be held by a captain, major, 
     lieutenant colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or 
     Marine Corps, or lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, 
     or captain in the Navy, as applicable; and
       ``(B) requires that an officer serving in such position 
     have the skill possessed by such officer.
       ``(c) Preservation of Position and Status of Officers 
     Appointed.--An appointment under this section does not change 
     the position on the active-duty list or the permanent, 
     probationary, or acting status of the officer so appointed, 
     prejudice the officer in regard to other promotions or 
     appointments, or abridge the rights or benefits of the 
     officer.
       ``(d) Board Recommendation Required.--A temporary promotion 
     under this section may be made only upon the recommendation 
     of a board of officers convened by the Secretary of the 
     military department concerned for the purpose of recommending 
     officers for such promotions.
       ``(e) Acceptance and Effective Date of Appointment.--Each 
     appointment under this section, unless expressly declined, 
     is, without formal acceptance, regarded as accepted on the 
     date such appointment is made, and a member so appointed is 
     entitled to the pay and allowances of the grade of the 
     temporary promotion under this section from the date the 
     appointment is made.
       ``(f) Termination of Appointment.--Unless sooner 
     terminated, an appointment under this section terminates--
       ``(1) on the date the officer who received the appointment 
     is promoted to the permanent grade of captain, major, 
     lieutenant colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or 
     Marine Corps, or lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, 
     or captain in the Navy; or
       ``(2) on the date the officer is detached from a position 
     described in subsection (b)(2), unless the officer is on a 
     promotion list to the permanent grade of captain, major, 
     lieutenant colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or 
     Marine Corps, or lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, 
     or captain in the Navy, in which case the appointment 
     terminates on the date the officer is promoted to that grade.
       ``(g) Limitation on Number of Eligible Positions.--An 
     appointment under this section may only be made for service 
     in a position designated by the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned for the purposes of this section. The 
     number of positions so designated may not exceed the 
     following:
       ``(1) In the case of the Army--
       ``(A) as captain, 120;
       ``(B) as major, 350;
       ``(C) as lieutenant colonel, 200; and
       ``(D) as colonel, 100.
       ``(2) In the case of the Air Force--
       ``(A) as captain, 100;
       ``(B) as major, 325;
       ``(C) as lieutenant colonel, 175; and
       ``(D) as colonel, 80.
       ``(3) In the case of the Marine Corps--
       ``(A) as captain, 50;
       ``(B) as major, 175;
       ``(C) as lieutenant colonel, 100; and
       ``(D) as colonel, 50.
       ``(4) In the case of the Navy--
       ``(A) as lieutenant, 100;
       ``(B) as lieutenant commander, 325;
       ``(C) as commander, 175; and
       ``(D) as captain, 80.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 35 of such title is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new item:

``605. Promotion to certain grades for officers with critical skills: 
              colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, captain; captain, 
              commander, lieutenant commander, lieutenant.''.
       (b) Repeal of Superseded Authority Applicable to Navy 
     Lieutenants.--
       (1) Repeal.--Chapter 544 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is repealed.
       (2) Clerical amendments.--The tables of chapters at the 
     beginning of title 10, United States Code, and at the 
     beginning of subtitle C of such title, are each amended by 
     striking the item relating to chapter 544.

     SEC. 504. AUTHORITY FOR PROMOTION BOARDS TO RECOMMEND 
                   OFFICERS OF PARTICULAR MERIT BE PLACED HIGHER 
                   ON A PROMOTION LIST.

       (a) In General.--Section 616 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(g)(1) In selecting the officers to be recommended for 
     promotion, a selection board may, when authorized by the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned, recommend 
     officers of particular merit, from among those officers 
     selected for promotion, to be placed higher on the promotion 
     list established by the Secretary under section 624(a)(1) of 
     this title.
       ``(2) An officer may be recommended to be placed higher on 
     a promotion list under paragraph (1) only if the officer 
     receives the recommendation of at least a majority of the 
     members of the board, unless the Secretary concerned 
     establishes an alternative requirement. Any such alternative 
     requirement shall be furnished to the board as part of the 
     guidelines furnished to the board under section 615 of this 
     title.
       ``(3) For the officers recommended to be placed higher on a 
     promotion list under paragraph (1), the board shall recommend 
     the order in which those officers should be placed on the 
     list.''.
       (b) Promotion Selection Board Reports Recommending Officers 
     of Particular Merit Be Placed Higher on Promotion List.--
     Section 617 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(d) A selection board convened under section 611(a) of 
     this title shall, when authorized under section 616(g) of 
     this title, include in its report to the Secretary concerned 
     the names of those officers recommended by the board to be 
     placed higher on the promotion list and the order in which 
     the board recommends that those officers should be placed on 
     the list.''.
       (c) Officers of Particular Merit Appearing Higher on 
     Promotion List.--Section 624(a)(1) of such title is amended 
     in the first sentence by adding at the end ``or based on 
     particular merit, as determined by the promotion board''.

     SEC. 505. AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS TO OPT OUT OF PROMOTION 
                   BOARD CONSIDERATION.

       (a) Active-Duty List Officers.--Section 619 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(6) An officer excluded under subsection (e).''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(e) Authority To Allow Officers To Opt Out of Selection 
     Board Consideration.--(1) The Secretary of a military 
     department may provide that an officer under the jurisdiction 
     of the Secretary may, upon the officer's request and with the 
     approval of the Secretary, be excluded from consideration by 
     a selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title 
     to consider officers for promotion to the next higher grade.

[[Page H6686]]

       ``(2) The Secretary concerned may only approve a request 
     under paragraph (1) if--
       ``(A) the basis for the request is to allow an officer to 
     complete a broadening assignment, advanced education, another 
     assignment of significant value to the Department, or a 
     career progression requirement delayed by the assignment or 
     education;
       ``(B) the Secretary determines the exclusion from 
     consideration is in the best interest of the military 
     department concerned; and
       ``(C) the officer has not previously failed of selection 
     for promotion to the grade for which the officer requests the 
     exclusion from consideration.''.
       (b) Reserve Active-Status List Officers.--Section 14301 of 
     such title is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Previously 
     Selected Officers Not Eligible'' and inserting ``Certain 
     Officers Not''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(6) An officer excluded under subsection (j).''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(j) Authority To Allow Officers To Opt Out of Selection 
     Board Consideration.--(1) The Secretary of a military 
     department may provide that an officer under the jurisdiction 
     of the Secretary may, upon the officer's request and with the 
     approval of the Secretary, be excluded from consideration by 
     a selection board convened under section 14101(a) of this 
     title to consider officers for promotion to the next higher 
     grade.
       ``(2) The Secretary concerned may only approve a request 
     under paragraph (1) if--
       ``(A) the basis for the request is to allow an officer to 
     complete a broadening assignment, advanced education, another 
     assignment of significant value to the Department, or a 
     career progression requirement delayed by the assignment or 
     education;
       ``(B) the Secretary determines the exclusion from 
     consideration is in the best interest of the military 
     department concerned; and
       ``(C) the officer has not previously failed of selection 
     for promotion to the grade for which the officer requests the 
     exclusion from consideration.''.

     SEC. 506. APPLICABILITY TO ADDITIONAL OFFICER GRADES OF 
                   AUTHORITY FOR CONTINUATION ON ACTIVE DUTY OF 
                   OFFICERS IN CERTAIN MILITARY SPECIALTIES AND 
                   CAREER TRACKS.

       Section 637a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``grade O-4'' and inserting ``grade O-2''; 
     and
       (2) by inserting ``632,'' before ``633,''.

     SEC. 507. ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS IN 
                   DESIGNATED COMPETITIVE CATEGORIES OF OFFICERS.

       (a) Alternative Promotion Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 36 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subchapter:

   ``SUBCHAPTER VI--ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS IN 
                   DESIGNATED COMPETITIVE CATEGORIES

``Sec.
``649a. Officers in designated competitive categories.
``649b. Selection for promotion.
``649c. Eligibility for consideration for promotion.
``649d. Opportunities for consideration for promotion.
``649e. Promotions.
``649f. Failure of selection for promotion.
``649g. Retirement: retirement for years of service; selective early 
              retirement.
``649h. Continuation on active duty.
``649i. Continuation on active duty: officers in certain military 
              specialties and career tracks.
``649j. Other administrative authorities.
``649k. Regulations.

     ``Sec. 649a. Officers in designated competitive categories

       ``(a) Authority To Designate Competitive Categories of 
     Officers.--Each Secretary of a military department may 
     designate one or more competitive categories for promotion of 
     officers under section 621 of this title that are under the 
     jurisdiction of such Secretary as a competitive category of 
     officers whose promotion, retirement, and continuation on 
     active duty shall be subject to the provisions of this 
     subchapter.
       ``(b) Limitation on Exercise of Authority.--The Secretary 
     of a military department may not designate a competitive 
     category of officers for purposes of this subchapter until 60 
     days after the date on which the Secretary submits to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the designation of the 
     competitive category. The report on the designation of a 
     competitive category shall set forth the following:
       ``(1) A detailed description of officer requirements for 
     officers within the competitive category.
       ``(2) An explanation of the number of opportunities for 
     consideration for promotion to each particular grade, and an 
     estimate of promotion timing, within the competitive 
     category.
       ``(3) An estimate of the size of the promotion zone for 
     each grade within the competitive category.
       ``(4) A description of any other matters the Secretary 
     considered in determining to designate the competitive 
     category for purposes of this subchapter.

     ``Sec. 649b. Selection for promotion

       ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in this section, the 
     selection for promotion of officers in any competitive 
     category of officers designated for purposes of this 
     subchapter shall be governed by the provisions of subchapter 
     I of this chapter.
       ``(b) No Recommendation for Promotion of Officers Below 
     Promotion Zone.--Section 616(b) of this title shall not apply 
     to the selection for promotion of officers described in 
     subsection (a).
       ``(c) Recommendation for Officers To Be Excluded From 
     Future Consideration for Promotion.--In making 
     recommendations pursuant to section 616 of this title for 
     purposes of the administration of this subchapter, a 
     selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title 
     may recommend that an officer considered by the board be 
     excluded from future consideration for promotion under this 
     chapter.

     ``Sec. 649c. Eligibility for consideration for promotion

       ``(a) In General.--Except as provided by this section, 
     eligibility for promotion of officers in any competitive 
     category of officers designated for purposes of this 
     subchapter shall be governed by the provisions of section 619 
     of this title.
       ``(b) Inapplicability of Certain Time-in-grade 
     Requirements.--Paragraphs (2) through (4) of section 619(a) 
     of this title shall not apply to the promotion of officers 
     described in subsection (a).
       ``(c) Inapplicability to Officers Above and Below Promotion 
     Zone.--The following provisions of section 619(c) of this 
     title shall not apply to the promotion of officers described 
     in subsection (a):
       ``(1) The reference in paragraph (1) of that section to an 
     officer above the promotion zone.
       ``(2) Paragraph (2)(A) of that section.
       ``(d) Ineligibility of Certain Officers.--The following 
     officers are not eligible for promotion under this 
     subchapter:
       ``(1) An officer described in section 619(d) of this title.
       ``(2) An officer not included within the promotion zone.
       ``(3) An officer who has failed of promotion to a higher 
     grade the maximum number of times specified for opportunities 
     for promotion for such grade within the competitive category 
     concerned pursuant to section 649d of this title.
       ``(4) An officer recommended by a selection board to be 
     removed from consideration for promotion in accordance with 
     section 649b(c) of this title.

     ``Sec. 649d. Opportunities for consideration for promotion

       ``(a) Specification of Number of Opportunities for 
     Consideration for Promotion.--In designating a competitive 
     category of officers pursuant to section 649a of this title, 
     the Secretary of a military department shall specify the 
     number of opportunities for consideration for promotion to be 
     afforded officers of the armed force concerned within the 
     category for promotion to each grade above the grade of first 
     lieutenant or lieutenant (junior grade), as applicable.
       ``(b) Limited Authority of Secretary of Military Department 
     to Modify Number of Opportunities.--The Secretary of a 
     military department may modify the number of opportunities 
     for consideration for promotion to be afforded officers of an 
     armed force within a competitive category for promotion to a 
     particular grade, as previously specified by the Secretary 
     pursuant subsection (a) or this subsection, not more 
     frequently than once every five years.
       ``(c) Discretionary Authority of Secretary of Defense to 
     Modify Number of Opportunities.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     modify the number of opportunities for consideration for 
     promotion to be afforded officers of an armed force within a 
     competitive category for promotion to a particular grade, as 
     previously specified or modified pursuant to any provision of 
     this section, at the discretion of the Secretary.
       ``(d) Limitation on Number of Opportunities Specified.--The 
     number of opportunities for consideration for promotion to be 
     afforded officers of an armed force within a competitive 
     category for promotion to a particular grade, as specified or 
     modified pursuant to any provision of this section, may not 
     exceed five opportunities.
       ``(e) Effect of Certain Reduction in Number of 
     Opportunities Specified.--If, by reason of a reduction in the 
     number of opportunities for consideration for promotion under 
     this section, an officer would no longer have one or more 
     opportunities for consideration for promotion that were 
     available to the officer before the reduction, the officer 
     shall be afforded one additional opportunity for 
     consideration for promotion after the reduction.

     ``Sec. 649e. Promotions

       ``Sections 620 through 626 of this title shall apply in 
     promotions of officers in competitive categories of officers 
     designated for purposes of this subchapter.

     ``Sec. 649f. Failure of selection for promotion

       ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in this section, 
     sections 627 through 632 of this title shall apply to 
     promotions of officers in competitive categories of officers 
     designated for purposes of this subchapter.
       ``(b) Inapplicability of Failure of Selection for Promotion 
     to Officers Above Promotion Zone.--The reference in section 
     627 of this title to an officer above the promotion zone 
     shall not apply in the promotion of officers described in 
     subsection (a).
       ``(c) Special Selection Board Matters.--The reference in 
     section 628(a)(1) of this title to a person above the 
     promotion zone shall not apply in the promotion of officers 
     described in subsection (a).
       ``(d) Effect of Failure of Selection.--In the 
     administration of this subchapter pursuant to subsection 
     (a)--
       ``(1) an officer described in subsection (a) shall not be 
     deemed to have failed twice of selection for promotion for 
     purposes of section

[[Page H6687]]

     629(e)(2) of this title until the officer has failed 
     selection of promotion to the next higher grade the maximum 
     number of times specified for opportunities for promotion to 
     such grade within the competitive category concerned pursuant 
     to section 649d of this title; and
       ``(2) any reference in section 631(a) or 632(a) of this 
     title to an officer who has failed of selection for promotion 
     to the next higher grade for the second time shall be deemed 
     to refer instead to an officer described in subsection (a) 
     who has failed of selection for promotion to the next higher 
     grade for the maximum number of times specified for 
     opportunities for promotion to such grade within the 
     competitive category concerned pursuant to such section 649d.

     ``Sec. 649g. Retirement: retirement for years of service; 
       selective early retirement

       ``(a) Retirement for Years of Services.--Sections 633 
     through 636 of this title shall apply to the retirement of 
     officers in competitive categories of officers designated for 
     purposes of this subchapter.
       ``(b) Selective Early Retirement.--Sections 638 and 638a of 
     this title shall apply to the retirement of officers 
     described in subsection (a).

     ``Sec. 649h. Continuation on active duty

       ``(a) In General.--An officer subject to discharge or 
     retirement pursuant to this subchapter may, subject to the 
     needs of the service, be continued on active duty if the 
     officer is selected for continuation on active duty in 
     accordance with this section by a selection board convened 
     under section 611(b) of this title.
       ``(b) Identification of Positions for Officers Continued on 
     Active Duty.--
       ``(1) In general.--Officers may be selected for 
     continuation on active duty pursuant to this section only for 
     assignment to positions identified by the Secretary of the 
     military department concerned for which vacancies exist or 
     are anticipated to exist.
       ``(2) Identification.--Before convening a selection board 
     pursuant to section 611(b) of this title for purposes of 
     selection of officers for continuation on active duty 
     pursuant to this section, the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned shall specify for purposes of the board 
     the positions identified by the Secretary to which officers 
     selected for continuation on active duty may be assigned.
       ``(c) Recommendation for Continuation.--A selection board 
     may recommend an officer for continuation on active duty 
     pursuant to this section only if the board determines that 
     the officer is qualified for assignment to one or more 
     positions identified pursuant to subsection (b) on the basis 
     of skills, knowledge, and behavior required of an officer to 
     perform successfully in such position or positions.
       ``(d) Approval of Secretary of Military Department.--
     Continuation of an officer on active duty under this section 
     pursuant to the action of a selection board is subject to the 
     approval of the Secretary of the military department 
     concerned.
       ``(e) Nonacceptance of Continuation.--An officer who is 
     selected for continuation on active duty pursuant to this 
     section, but who declines to continue on active duty, shall 
     be discharged or retired, as appropriate, in accordance with 
     section 632 of this title.
       ``(f) Period of Continuation.--
       ``(1) In general.--An officer continued on active duty 
     pursuant to this section shall remain on active duty, and 
     serve in the position to which assigned (or in another 
     position to which assigned with the approval of the Secretary 
     of the military department concerned), for a total of not 
     more than three years afer the date of assignment to the 
     position to which first so assigned.
       ``(2) Additional continuation.--An officer whose continued 
     service pursuant to this section would otherwise expire 
     pursuant to paragraph (1) may be continued on active duty if 
     selected for continuation on active duty in accordance with 
     this section before the date of expiration pursuant to that 
     paragraph.
       ``(g) Effect of Expiration of Continuation.--Each officer 
     continued on active duty pursuant to this subsection who is 
     not selected for continuation on active duty pursuant to 
     subsection (f)(2) at the completion of the officer's term of 
     continued service shall, unless sooner discharged or retired 
     under another provision of law--
       ``(1) be discharged upon the expiration of the term of 
     continued service; or
       ``(2) if eligible for retirement under another other 
     provision of law, be retired under that law on the first day 
     of the first month following the month in which the officer 
     completes the term of continued service.
       ``(h) Treatment of Discharge or Retirement.--The discharge 
     or retirement of an officer pursuant to this section shall be 
     considered to be an involuntary discharge or retirement for 
     purposes of any other provision of law.

     ``Sec. 649i. Continuation on active duty: officers in certain 
       military specialties and career tracks

       ``In addition to continuation on active duty provided for 
     in section 649h of this title, an officer to whom section 
     637a of this title applies may be continued on active duty in 
     accordance with the provisions of such section 637a.

     ``Sec. 649j. Other administrative authorities

       ``(a) In General.--The following provisions of this title 
     shall apply to officers in competitive categories of officers 
     designated for purposes of this subchapter:
       ``(1) Section 638b, relating to voluntary retirement 
     incentives.
       ``(2) Section 639, relating to continuation on active duty 
     to complete disciplinary action.
       ``(3) Section 640, relating to deferment of retirement or 
     separation for medical reasons.

     ``Sec. 649k. Regulations

       ``The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations 
     regarding the administration of this subchapter. The elements 
     of such regulations shall include mechanisms to clarify the 
     manner in which provisions of other subchapters of this 
     chapter shall be used in the administration of this 
     subchapter in accordance with the provisions of this 
     subchapter.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of subchapters at the 
     beginning of chapter 36 of such title is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new item:

``VI. Alternative Promotion Authority for Officers in Designated 
    Competitive Categories..................................649a''.....

       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     authorities in subchapter VI of chapter 36 of title 10, 
     United States Code (as added by subsection (a)).
       (2) Elements.--The report shall include the following:
       (A) A detailed analysis and assessment of the manner in 
     which the exercise of the authorities in subchapter VI of 
     chapter 36 of title 10, United States Code (as so added), 
     will effect the career progression of commissioned officers 
     in the Armed Forces.
       (B) A description of the competitive categories of officers 
     that are anticipated to be designated as competitive 
     categories of officers for purposes of such authorities.
       (C) A plan for implementation of such authorities.
       (D) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate to 
     improve or enhance such authorities.

     SEC. 508. ATTENDING PHYSICIAN TO THE CONGRESS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 41 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting before section 716 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 715. Attending Physician to the Congress: grade

       ``A general officer serving as Attending Physician to the 
     Congress, while so serving, holds the grade of major general. 
     A flag officer serving as Attending Physician to the 
     Congress, while so serving, holds the grade of rear admiral 
     (upper half).''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting before the 
     item relating to section 716 the following new item:

``715. Attending Physician to the Congress: grade''.

     SEC. 509. MATTERS RELATING TO SATISFACTORY SERVICE IN GRADE 
                   FOR PURPOSES OF RETIREMENT GRADE OF OFFICERS IN 
                   HIGHEST GRADE OF SATISFACTORY SERVICE.

       (a) Conditional Determinations of Grade of Satisfactory 
     Service.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 1370 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new sentences: ``When an officer is under 
     investigation for alleged misconduct at the time of 
     retirement, the Secretary concerned may conditionally 
     determine the highest grade of satisfactory service of the 
     officer pending completion of the investigation. Such grade 
     is subject to resolution under subsection (b)(3).''.
       (2) Officers in o-9 and o-10 grades.--Subsection (c) of 
     such section is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(4) The Secretary of Defense may make a conditional 
     certification regarding satisfactory service in grade under 
     paragraph (1) with respect to an officer under that paragraph 
     notwithstanding the fact that there is pending the 
     disposition of an adverse personnel action against the 
     officer for alleged misconduct. The retired grade of an 
     officer following such a conditional certification is subject 
     to resolution under subsection (b)(3).''.
       (3) Reserve officers.--Subsection (d)(1) of such section is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new sentences: 
     ``When an officer is under investigation for alleged 
     misconduct at the time of retirement, the Secretary concerned 
     may conditionally determine the highest grade of satisfactory 
     service of the officer pending completion of the 
     investigation. Such grade is subject to resolution under 
     subsection (b)(3).''.
       (b) Codification of Lowered Grade for Retired Officers or 
     Persons Who Committed Misconduct in a Lower Grade.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
     amended--
       (A) in the heading, by striking ``Next'';
       (B) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``An''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(2) In the case of an officer or person whom the 
     Secretary concerned determines committed misconduct in a 
     lower grade, the Secretary concerned may determine the 
     officer or person has not served satisfactorily in any grade 
     equal to or higher than that lower grade.
       ``(3) A determination or certification of the retired grade 
     of an officer shall be resolved following a conditional 
     determination under subsection (a)(1) or (d)(1) or 
     conditional certification under subsection (c)(4), if the 
     investigation of or personnel action against the officer, as 
     applicable, results in adverse findings. If the retired grade 
     of an officer is reduced, the retired pay of the officer 
     under chapter 71 of this title shall be recalculated, and any 
     modification of the retired pay of the officer shall go into 
     effect on the effective date of the reduction in retired 
     grade.''.
       (2) Conforming amendments.--Such section is amended--

[[Page H6688]]

       (A) in subsection (a)(1)--
       (i) by striking ``higher'' and inserting ``different''; and
       (ii) by striking ``except as provided in paragraph (2)'' 
     and inserting ``subject to paragraph (2) and subsection 
     (b)'';
       (B) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``An officer'' and 
     inserting ``Subject to subsection (b), an officer''; and
       (C) in subsection (d)(1)--
       (i) by striking ``higher'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``different''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``, subject to subsection (b),'' before 
     ``shall''.
       (c) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--Such section 
     is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(f) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--(1) Except 
     as otherwise provided by law, a determination or 
     certification of the retired grade of an officer pursuant to 
     this section is administratively final on the day the officer 
     is retired, and may not be reopened.
       ``(2) A determination or certification of the retired grade 
     of an officer may be reopened as follows:
       ``(A) If the retirement or retired grade of the officer was 
     procured by fraud.
       ``(B) If substantial evidence comes to light after the 
     retirement that could have led to a lower retired grade under 
     this section if known by competent authority at the time of 
     retirement.
       ``(C) If a mistake of law or calculation was made in the 
     determination of the retired grade.
       ``(D) In the case of a retired grade following a 
     conditional determination under subsection (a)(1) or (d)(1) 
     or conditional certification under subsection (c)(4), if the 
     investigation of or personnel action against the officer, as 
     applicable, results in adverse findings.
       ``(E) If the Secretary concerned determines, pursuant to 
     regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, that good 
     cause exists to reopen the determination or certification.
       ``(3) If a determination or certification of the retired 
     grade of an officer is reopened, the Secretary concerned--
       ``(A) shall notify the officer of the reopening; and
       ``(B) may not make an adverse determination on the retired 
     grade of the officer until the officer has had a reasonable 
     opportunity to respond regarding the basis of the reopening.
       ``(4) If a certification of the retired grade of an officer 
     covered by subsection (c) is reopened, the Secretary 
     concerned shall also notify the President and Congress of the 
     reopening.
       ``(5) If the retired grade of an officer is reduced through 
     the reopening of the officer's retired grade, the retired pay 
     of the officer under chapter 71 of this title shall be 
     recalculated, and any modification of the retired pay of the 
     officer shall go into effect on the effective date of the 
     reduction of the officer's retired grade.''.

     SEC. 510. GRADES OF CHIEFS OF CHAPLAINS.

       (a) Army.--Section 3073 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``There''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) The Chief of Chaplains, while so serving, holds the 
     grade of major general.''.
       (b) Navy.--Section 5142 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(e) The Chief of Chaplains, while so serving, holds the 
     grade of rear admiral (upper half).''.
       (c) Air Force.--Section 8039 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(c) Grade of Chief of Chaplains.--The Chief of Chaplains, 
     while so serving, holds the grade of major general.''.

     SEC. 511. REPEAL OF ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT QUALIFICATION 
                   REQUIREMENT FOR WARRANT OFFICERS IN THE REGULAR 
                   ARMY.

       (a) In General.--Section 3310 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is repealed.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 335 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 3310.

     SEC. 512. REDUCTION IN NUMBER OF YEARS OF ACTIVE NAVAL 
                   SERVICE REQUIRED FOR PERMANENT APPOINTMENT AS A 
                   LIMITED DUTY OFFICER.

       Section 5589(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``10 years'' and inserting ``8 years''.

     SEC. 513. AUTHORITY TO DESIGNATE CERTAIN RESERVE OFFICERS AS 
                   NOT TO BE CONSIDERED FOR SELECTION FOR 
                   PROMOTION.

       Section 14301 of title 10, United States Code, as amended 
     by section 505, is further amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(k) Certain Officers Not to Be Considered for Selection 
     for Promotion.--The Secretary of the military department 
     concerned may provide that an officer who is in an active 
     status, but is in a duty status in which the only points the 
     officer accrues under section 12732(a)(2) of this title are 
     pursuant to subparagraph (C)(i) of that section (relating to 
     membership in a reserve component), shall not be considered 
     for selection for promotion until completion of two years of 
     service in such duty status. Any such officer may remain on 
     the reserve active-status list.''.

     SEC. 514. GAO REVIEW OF SURFACE WARFARE CAREER PATHS.

       (a) GAO Review.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall conduct a review of Navy surface warfare career 
     paths.
       (b) Elements.--The review under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of current and previous career paths for 
     officers in the regular and reserve components of the Navy 
     that are related to surface warfare, including career paths 
     for--
       (A) unrestricted line officers;
       (B) limited duty officers;
       (C) engineering duty officers; and
       (D) warrant officers.
       (2) Any prior study that examined career paths described in 
     paragraph (1).
       (3) The current and historical personnel levels (fit/fill 
     rates) and deployment tempos aboard naval vessels for each of 
     the career paths described in paragraph (1).
       (4) A comparison of the career paths of surface warfare 
     officers with the career paths of surface warfare officers of 
     foreign navies including--
       (A) initial training;
       (B) follow-on training;
       (C) career milestones;
       (D) qualification standards; and
       (E) watch standing requirements.
       (5) Any other matter the Comptroller General determines 
     appropriate.
       (c) Deadlines.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Comptroller General shall brief the congressional defense 
     committees on the preliminary findings of the study under 
     this section. The Comptroller General shall submit a final 
     report to the congressional defense committees as soon as 
     practicable after such briefing.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

     SEC. 515. AUTHORIZED STRENGTH AND DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE.

       (a) Strength and Grade Authorizations.--Section 12011(a) of 
     title 10, United States Code is amended by striking those 
     parts of the table pertaining to the Air National Guard and 
     inserting the following:

 
      ``Air National Guard:
 
                                               Lieutenant
                                    Major        Colonel       Colonel
 
10,000..........................  763        745             333
12,000..........................  915        923             377
14,000..........................  1,065      1,057           402
16,000..........................  1,211      1,185           426
18,000..........................  1,347      1,313           450
20,000..........................  1,463      1,440           468
22,000..........................  1,606      1,569           494
24,000..........................  1,739      1,697           517
26,000..........................  1,872      1,825           539
28,000..........................  2,005      1,954           562
30,000..........................  2,138      2,082           585
32,000..........................  2,271      2,210           608
34,000..........................  2,404      2,338           630
36,000..........................  2,537      2,466           653
38,000..........................  2,670      2,595           676
40,000..........................  2,803      2,723           698''.
 

       (b) Strength and Grade Authorizations.--Section 12012(a) of 
     title 10, United States Code is amended by striking those 
     parts of the table pertaining to the Air National Guard and 
     inserting the following:

 
          ``Air National Guard:
 
                                                E-8             E-9
 
10,000..................................  1,350           550
12,000..................................  1,466           594
14,000..................................  1,582           636
16,000..................................  1,698           676
18,000..................................  1,814           714
20,000..................................  1,930           752
22,000..................................  2,046           790
24,000..................................  2,162           828
26,000..................................  2,278           866
28,000..................................  2,394           904
30,000..................................  2,510           942
32,000..................................  2,626           980
34,000..................................  2,742           1,018
36,000..................................  2,858           1,056
38,000..................................  2,974           1,094
40,000..................................  3,090           1,132''.
 

     SEC. 516. REPEAL OF PROHIBITION ON SERVICE ON ARMY RESERVE 
                   FORCES POLICY COMMITTEE BY MEMBERS ON ACTIVE 
                   DUTY.

       Section 10302 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``not on active duty'' 
     each place it appears; and
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by inserting ``of the reserve components'' after 
     ``among the members''; and
       (B) by striking ``not on active duty''.

     SEC. 517. EXPANSION OF PERSONNEL SUBJECT TO AUTHORITY OF THE 
                   CHIEF OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU IN THE 
                   EXECUTION OF FUNCTIONS AND MISSIONS OF THE 
                   NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.

       Section 10508(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``sections 2103,'' and all that follows 
     through ``of title 32,'' and inserting ``sections 2102, 2103, 
     2105, and 3101 of title 5, subchapter IV of chapter 53 of 
     title 5, or section 328 of title 32,''.

     SEC. 518. AUTHORITY TO ADJUST EFFECTIVE DATE OF PROMOTION IN 
                   THE EVENT OF UNDUE DELAY IN EXTENDING FEDERAL 
                   RECOGNITION OF PROMOTION.

       (a) In General.--Section 14308(f) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The effective date of 
     promotion''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) If the Secretary concerned determines that there was 
     an undue delay in extending Federal recognition in the next 
     higher grade in the Army National Guard or the Air National 
     Guard to a reserve commissioned officer of the Army or the 
     Air Force, and the delay was not attributable to the action 
     (or inaction) of such officer, the effective date of the 
     promotion concerned under paragraph (1) may be adjusted to a 
     date determined by the Secretary concerned, but not earlier 
     than the effective date of the State promotion.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to promotions of officers whose 
     State effective date is on or after that date.

     SEC. 519. NATIONAL GUARD YOUTH CHALLENGE PROGRAM.

       Section 509(h) of title 32, United States Code, is 
     amended--

[[Page H6689]]

       (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(2) Equipment and facilities of the Department of Defense 
     may be used by the National Guard for purposes of carrying 
     out the Program.''.

     SEC. 520. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR PILOT PROGRAM ON USE OF 
                   RETIRED SENIOR ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE ARMY 
                   NATIONAL GUARD AS ARMY NATIONAL GUARD 
                   RECRUITERS.

       Section 514 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``2020'' and inserting 
     ``2021''; and
       (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
     ``2020''.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

     SEC. 521. ENLISTMENTS VITAL TO THE NATIONAL INTEREST.

       (a) In General.--Section 504(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by inserting ``and subject to paragraph (3),'' after 
     ``Notwithstanding paragraph (1),'';
       (B) by striking ``enlistment is vital to the national 
     interest.'' and inserting ``person possesses a critical skill 
     or expertise--''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(A) that is vital to the national interest; and
       ``(B) that the person will use in the primary daily duties 
     of that person as a member of the armed forces.''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (3):
       ``(3)(A) No person who enlists under paragraph (2) may 
     report to initial training until after the Secretary 
     concerned has completed all required background 
     investigations and security and suitability screening as 
     determined by the Secretary of Defense regarding that person.
       ``(B) A Secretary concerned may not authorize more than 
     1,000 enlistments under paragraph (2) per military department 
     in a calendar year until after--
       ``(i) the Secretary of Defense submits to Congress written 
     notice of the intent of that Secretary concerned to authorize 
     more than 1,000 such enlistments in a calendar year; and
       ``(ii) a period of 30 days has elapsed after the date on 
     which Congress receives the notice.''.
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2019, and 
     annually thereafter for each of the subsequent four years, 
     the Secretary concerned shall submit a report to the 
     Committees on Armed Services and the Judiciary of the Senate 
     and the House of Representatives regarding persons who enter 
     into enlistment contracts under section 504(b)(2) of title 
     10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a).
       (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
     include the following:
       (A) The number of such persons who have entered into such 
     contracts during the preceding calendar year.
       (B) How many such persons have successfully completed 
     background investigations and vetting procedures.
       (C) How many such persons have begun initial training.
       (D) The skills that are vital to the national interest that 
     such persons possess.

     SEC. 522. STATEMENT OF BENEFITS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 58 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 1155. Statement of benefits

       ``(a) Before Separation.--Not later than 30 days before a 
     member retires, is released, is discharged, or otherwise 
     separates from the armed forces (or as soon as is practicable 
     in the case of an unanticipated separation), the Secretary 
     concerned shall provide that member with a current assessment 
     of all benefits to which that member may be entitled under 
     laws administered by--
       ``(1) the Secretary of Defense; and
       ``(2) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
       ``(b) Statement for Reserves.--The Secretary concerned 
     shall provide a member of a reserve component with a current 
     assessment of benefits described in subsection (a) upon 
     release of that member from active duty.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 1154 the following new item:

``1155. Statement of benefits.''.

     SEC. 523. MODIFICATION TO FORMS OF SUPPORT THAT MAY BE 
                   ACCEPTED IN SUPPORT OF THE MISSION OF THE 
                   DEFENSE POW/MIA ACCOUNTING AGENCY.

       (a) Public-Private Partnerships.--Subsection (a) of section 
     1501a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new sentence: ``An employee of an 
     entity outside the Government that has entered into a public-
     private partnership, cooperative agreement, or a grant 
     arrangement with, or in direct support of, the designated 
     Defense Agency under this section shall be considered to be 
     an employee of the Federal Government by reason of 
     participation in such partnership, cooperative agreement, or 
     grant, only for the purposes of section 552a of title 5 
     (relating to maintenance of records on individuals).''.
       (b) Authority to Accept Gifts in Support of Mission to 
     Account for Missing Persons From Past Conflicts.--Such 
     section is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections 
     (f) and (g), respectively;
       (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
     subsection (e):
       ``(e) Acceptance of Gifts.--
       ``(1) Authority to accept.--Subject to subsection (f)(2), 
     the Secretary may accept, hold, administer, spend, and use 
     any gift of personal property, money, or services made on the 
     condition that the gift be used for the purpose of 
     facilitating accounting for missing persons pursuant to 
     section 1501(a)(2)(C) of this title.
       ``(2) Gift funds.--Gifts and bequests of money accepted 
     under this subsection shall be deposited in the Treasury in 
     the Department of Defense General Gift Fund.
       ``(3) Use of gifts.--Personal property and money accepted 
     under this subsection may be used by the Secretary, and 
     services accepted under this subsection may be performed, 
     without further specific authorization in law.
       ``(4) Expenses of transfer.--The Secretary may pay all 
     necessary expenses in connection with the conveyance or 
     transfer of a gift accepted under this subsection.
       ``(5) Expenses of care.--The Secretary may pay all 
     reasonable and necessary expenses in connection with the care 
     of a gift accepted under this subsection.''; and
       (3) by adding at the end of subsection (g), as redesignated 
     by paragraph (1) of this subsection, the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(3) Gift.--The term `gift' includes a devise or 
     bequest.''.
       (c) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (a) of such section 
     is further amended by striking ``subsection (e)(1)'' and 
     inserting ``subsection (f)(1)''.

     SEC. 524. ASSESSMENT OF NAVY STANDARD WORKWEEK AND RELATED 
                   ADJUSTMENTS.

       (a) Assessment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall--
       (1) complete a comprehensive assessment of the standard 
     workweek of the Navy;
       (2) carry out the activities required under subsections (b) 
     and (c).
       (b) Adjustments.--The Secretary of the Navy shall--
       (1) update instruction 1000.16L of the Office of the Chief 
     of Naval Operations titled ``Navy Total Force Manpower 
     Policies and Procedures'' in order to--
       (A) analyze and quantify current in-port workloads; and
       (B) based on the analysis carried out pursuant to 
     subparagraph (A), identify the manpower necessary to execute 
     in-port workloads for all surface ship classes;
       (2) update the criteria set forth in the instruction that 
     are used to reassess the factors for calculating manpower 
     requirements periodically or when conditions change; and
       (3) taking into account the updates required by paragraphs 
     (1) and (2), identify personnel needs and costs associated 
     with the planned larger size of the Navy fleet.
       (c) Added Demands.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
     identify and quantify any increased or new requirements with 
     respect to Navy ship crews, including Ready, Relevant 
     Learning training periods and additional work that affects 
     readiness and technical qualifications for Navy ship crews.

     SEC. 525. NOTIFICATION ON MANNING OF AFLOAT NAVAL FORCES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall notify the 
     congressional defense committees, in writing, not later than 
     15 days after any of the following conditions are met:
       (1) The manning fit for a covered ship is less than 87 
     percent.
       (2) The manning fill for a covered ship is less than 90 
     percent.
       (b) Notification Required.--The notification required by 
     subsection (a) shall include, with respect to a covered ship, 
     the following:
       (1) The name and hull number of the ship.
       (2) The homeport location of the ship.
       (3) The current manning fit and fill of the ship.
       (4) The lowest levels of manning fit and fill projected for 
     the ship and the date on which such levels are expected to 
     occur.
       (5) The projected date on which the Navy will achieve a 
     manning fit and fill at least 87 percent and 90 percent, 
     respectively, for the ship.
       (6) The projected date on which the Navy will achieve a 
     manning fit and fill of at least 92 percent and 95 percent, 
     respectively, for the ship.
       (7) A description of any reasons the Navy will not achieve 
     manning fit and fill of at least 87 percent and 90 percent, 
     respectively, for the ship, including a detailed description 
     of the specific ratings or skillset areas that must be manned 
     to achieve those percentages.
       (8) A description of corrective actions the Navy is taking 
     to improve manning fit or manning fill on the ship.
       (c) Special Rule.--For purposes of determining whether a 
     percentage of manning fit or manning fill has been achieved, 
     a sailor in a more senior paygrade may count as filling the 
     billet of a more junior paygrade, but a sailor in a more 
     junior paygrade may not count as filling the billet of a more 
     senior paygrade.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Manning fit.--The term ``manning fit'' means the skills 
     (rating), specialty skills (Navy Enlisted Classifications), 
     and experience (paygrade) for the ship as compared with the 
     billets authorized for such skills and experience.
       (2) Manning fill.--The term ``manning fill'', in the case 
     of a ship, means the total number of military personnel 
     assigned to the ship by rating when compared with the billets 
     authorized for the ship by rating.
       (3) Covered ship.--The term ``covered ship'' means a 
     commissioned battle force ship that is included in the battle 
     force count of the Naval Vessel Register.

     SEC. 526. NAVY WATCHSTANDER RECORDS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall require 
     that, commencing not later than

[[Page H6690]]

     180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, key 
     watchstanders on Navy surface ships shall maintain a career 
     record of watchstanding hours and specific operational 
     evolutions.
       (b) Key Watchstander Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``key watchstander'' means each of the following:
       (1) Officer of the Deck.
       (2) Engineering Officer of the Watch.
       (3) Conning Officer or Piloting Officer.
       (4) Any other officer specified by the Secretary for 
     purposes of this section.
       (c) Briefings of Congress.--
       (1) Initial briefing.--Not later than 150 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
     provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a briefing on the plan of the 
     Secretary for the maintenance of watchstander records, 
     including updates to policy documents.
       (2) Update briefings.--Not later than one year after the 
     briefing pursuant to paragraph (1), and annually thereafter 
     for the next two years, the Secretary shall provide to the 
     committees of Congress referred to in that paragraph an 
     update briefing on the status of the implementation of the 
     plan described in that paragraph.

     SEC. 527. QUALIFICATION EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN 
                   NAVY WATCHSTATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date the 
     of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report on the adequacy of 
     individual training for certain watchstations, including any 
     planned or recommended changes in qualification standards for 
     such watchstations.
       (b) Watchstations.--The watchstations covered by the report 
     required by subsection (a) are the following:
       (1) Officer of the Deck.
       (2) Combat Information Center Watch Officer.
       (3) Tactical Action Officer.
       (4) Engineering Officer of the Watch.
       (5) Conning Officer or Piloting Officer.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

     SEC. 531. INCLUSION OF STRANGULATION AND SUFFOCATION IN 
                   CONDUCT CONSTITUTING AGGRAVATED ASSAULT FOR 
                   PURPOSES OF THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY 
                   JUSTICE.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (b) of section 928 of title 10, 
     United States Code (article 128 of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice), is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (2), by adding ``or'' after the semicolon; 
     and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(3) who commits an assault by strangulation or 
     suffocation;''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on January 1, 2019, immediately after the 
     coming into effect of the amendment made by section 5441 of 
     the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2954) as provided in section 5542 of that 
     Act (130 Stat. 2967; 10 U.S.C. 801 note).

     SEC. 532. PUNITIVE ARTICLE ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE UNDER THE 
                   UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

       (a) Punitive Article.--
       (1) In general.--Subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, 
     United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended by inserting after section 928a (article 128a) the 
     following new section (article):

     ``Sec. 928b. Art. 128b.

       ``Any person who--
       ``(1) commits a violent offense against a spouse, an 
     intimate partner, or an immediate family member of that 
     person;
       ``(2) with intent to threaten or intimidate a spouse, an 
     intimate partner, or an immediate family member of that 
     person--
       ``(A) commits an offense under this chapter against any 
     person; or
       ``(B) commits an offense under this chapter against any 
     property, including an animal;
       ``(3) with intent to threaten or intimidate a spouse, an 
     intimate partner, or an immediate family member of that 
     person, violates a protection order;
       ``(4) with intent to commit a violent offense against a 
     spouse, an intimate partner, or an immediate family member of 
     that person, violates a protection order; or
       ``(5) assaults a spouse, an intimate partner, or an 
     immediate family member of that person by strangling or 
     suffocating;
     shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter X of chapter 47 of such title (the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice) is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 928a (article 128a) the 
     following new item:

``928b. 128b. Domestic violence.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on January 1, 2019, immediately after the 
     coming into effect of the amendments made by the Military 
     Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328) as 
     provided in section 5542 of that Act (130 Stat. 2967; 10 
     U.S.C. 801 note).

     SEC. 533. AUTHORITIES OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON 
                   INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF 
                   SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.

       Section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 
     U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) Authorities.--
       ``(1) Hearings.--The Advisory Committee may hold such 
     hearings, sit and act at such times and places, take such 
     testimony, and receive such evidence as the committee 
     considers appropriate to carry out its duties under this 
     section.
       ``(2) Information from federal agencies.--Upon request by 
     the chair of the Advisory Committee, a department or agency 
     of the Federal Government shall provide information that the 
     Advisory Committee considers necessary to carry out its 
     duties under this section. In carrying out this paragraph, 
     the department or agency shall take steps to prevent the 
     unauthorized disclosure of personally identifiable 
     information.''.

     SEC. 534. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF EXPANDING SERVICES OF THE 
                   SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL TO VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC 
                   VIOLENCE.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of 
     the military departments, shall submit a report to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives regarding the feasibility and advisability of 
     expanding eligibility for the Special Victims' Counsel 
     programs under section 1044e of title 10, United States Code 
     (hereinafter referred to as ``the SVC programs''), to include 
     victims of domestic violence.
       (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include 
     the following:
       (1) The current workload of the SVC programs.
       (2) An analysis of the current personnel authorizations for 
     the SVC programs.
       (3) The optimal personnel levels for the SVC programs.
       (4) An analysis of the effects that the expansion described 
     in subsection (a) would have on the SVC programs, including--
       (A) the estimated increase in workload;
       (B) the estimated number of additional personnel that would 
     be required to accommodate such increase; and
       (C) the ability of the military departments to fill any 
     additionally authorized billets for SVC programs with 
     qualified judge advocates who possess military justice 
     experience.

     SEC. 535. UNIFORM COMMAND ACTION FORM ON DISPOSITION OF 
                   UNRESTRICTED SEXUAL ASSAULT CASES INVOLVING 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       The Secretary of Defense shall establish a uniform command 
     action form, applicable across the Armed Forces, for 
     reporting the final disposition of cases of sexual assault in 
     which--
       (1) the alleged offender is a member of the Armed Forces; 
     and
       (2) the victim files an unrestricted report on the alleged 
     assault.

     SEC. 536. STANDARDIZATION OF POLICIES RELATED TO EXPEDITED 
                   TRANSFER IN CASES OF SEXUAL ASSAULT OR DOMESTIC 
                   VIOLENCE.

       (a) Policies for Members.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     modify, in accordance with section 673 of title 10, United 
     States Code, all policies that the Secretary determines 
     necessary to establish a standardized expedited transfer 
     process for a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine 
     Corps who is the alleged victim of--
       (1) sexual assault (regardless of whether the case is 
     handled under the Sexual Assault Prevention and Response 
     Program or Family Advocacy Program); or
       (2) physical domestic violence (as defined by the Secretary 
     in regulations prescribed under this section) committed by 
     the spouse or intimate partner of the member, regardless of 
     whether the spouse or intimate partner is a member of the 
     Armed Forces.
       (b) Policy for Dependents of Members.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall establish a policy to allow the transfer of a 
     member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps whose 
     dependent is the victim of sexual assault perpetrated by a 
     member of the Armed Forces who is not related to the victim.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

     SEC. 541. CLARIFICATION OF EXPIRATION OF TERM OF APPELLATE 
                   MILITARY JUDGES OF THE UNITED STATES COURT OF 
                   MILITARY COMMISSION REVIEW.

       (a) In General.--Section 950f(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(6) The term of an appellate military judge assigned to 
     the Court under paragraph (2) or appointed to the Court under 
     paragraph (3) shall expire on the earlier of the date on 
     which--
       ``(A) the judge leaves active duty; or
       ``(B) the judge is reassigned to other duties in accordance 
     with section 949b(b)(4) of this title.''.
       (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall apply to each judge of the United States Court of 
     Military Commission Review serving on that court on the date 
     of the enactment of this Act and each judge assigned or 
     appointed to that court on or after such date.

     SEC. 542. SECURITY CLEARANCE REINVESTIGATION OF CERTAIN 
                   PERSONNEL WHO COMMIT CERTAIN OFFENSES.

       Section 1564 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f) as 
     subsection (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Reinvestigation or Readjudication of Certain 
     Individuals.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
     investigation or adjudication under subsection (a) of any 
     individual described in paragraph (2) upon--
       ``(A) conviction of that individual by a court of competent 
     jurisdiction for--

[[Page H6691]]

       ``(i) sexual assault;
       ``(ii) sexual harassment;
       ``(iii) fraud against the United States; or
       ``(iv) any other violation that the Secretary determines 
     renders that individual susceptible to blackmail or raises 
     serious concern regarding the ability of that individual to 
     hold a security clearance; or
       ``(B) determination by a commanding officer that that 
     individual has committed an offense described in subparagraph 
     (A).
       ``(2) An individual described in this paragraph in an 
     individual who has a security clearance and is--
       ``(A) a flag officer;
       ``(B) a general officer; or
       ``(C) an employee of the Department of Defense in the 
     Senior Executive Service.
       ``(3) The Secretary shall ensure that relevant information 
     on the conviction or determination described in paragraph (1) 
     of an individual described in paragraph (2) during the 
     preceding year, regardless of whether the individual has 
     retired or resigned or has been discharged, released, or 
     otherwise separated from the armed forces, is reported into 
     Federal law enforcement records and security clearance 
     databases, and that such information is transmitted, as 
     appropriate, to other Federal agencies.
       ``(4) In this subsection:
       ``(A) The term `sexual assault' includes rape, sexual 
     assault, forcible sodomy, aggravated sexual contact, abusive 
     sexual contact, and attempts to commit such offenses, as 
     those terms are defined in chapter 47 of this title (the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       ``(B) The term `sexual harassment' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 1561 of this title.
       ``(C) The term `fraud against the United States' means a 
     violation of section 932 of this title (article 132 of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice).''.

     SEC. 543. DEVELOPMENT OF OVERSIGHT PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HARASSMENT PREVENTION AND 
                   RESPONSE POLICY.

       (a) Development.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
     plan for overseeing the implementation of the instruction 
     titled ``Harassment Prevention and Response in the Armed 
     Forces'', published on February 8, 2018 (DODI-1020.03).
       (b) Elements.--The plan under subsection (a) shall require 
     the military services and other components of the Department 
     of Defense to take steps by certain dates to implement 
     harassment prevention and response programs under such 
     instruction, including no less than the following:
       (1) Submitting implementation plans to the Director, Force 
     Resiliency.
       (2) Incorporating performance measures that assess the 
     effectiveness of harassment prevention and response programs.
       (3) Adopting compliance standards for promoting, 
     supporting, and enforcing policies, plans, and programs.
       (4) Tracking, collecting, and reporting data and 
     information on sexual harassment incidents based on standards 
     established by the Secretary.
       (5) Instituting anonymous complaint mechanisms.
       (c) Report.--Not later than July 1, 2019, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     oversight plan developed under this section. The report shall 
     include, for each military service and component of the 
     Department of Defense, the implementation status of each 
     element of the oversight plan.

     SEC. 544. OVERSIGHT OF REGISTERED SEX OFFENDER MANAGEMENT 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Designation of Official or Entity.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall designate a single official or existing entity 
     within the Office of the Secretary of Defense to serve as the 
     official or entity (as the case may be) with principal 
     responsibility in the Department of Defense for providing 
     oversight of the registered sex offender management program 
     of the Department.
       (b) Duties.--The official or entity designated under 
     subsection (a) shall--
       (1) monitor compliance with Department of Defense 
     Instruction 5525.20 and other relevant polices;
       (2) compile data on members serving in the military 
     departments who have been convicted of a qualifying sex 
     offense, including data on the sex offender registration 
     status of each such member;
       (3) maintain statistics on the total number of active duty 
     service members in each military department who are required 
     to register as sex offenders; and
       (4) perform such other duties as the Secretary of Defense 
     determines to be appropriate.
       (c) Briefing Required.--Not later than June 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committee on Armed 
     Services of the House of Representatives a briefing on--
       (1) the compliance of the military departments with the 
     policies of the Department of Defense relating to registered 
     sex offenders;
       (2) the results of the data compilation described in 
     subsection (b)(2); and
       (3) any other matters the Secretary determines to be 
     appropriate.
       (d) Military Departments Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``military departments'' has the meaning given that term 
     in section 101(a)(8) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 545. DEVELOPMENT OF RESOURCE GUIDES REGARDING SEXUAL 
                   ASSAULT FOR THE MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES.

       (a) Development.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, each Superintendent of a military 
     service academy shall develop and maintain a resource guide 
     for students at the respective military service academies 
     regarding sexual assault.
       (b) Elements.--Each guide developed under this section 
     shall include the following information with regards to the 
     relevant military service academy:
       (1) Process overview and definitions.--
       (A) An explanation of prohibited conduct, including 
     examples.
       (B) An explanation of consent.
       (C) Victims' rights.
       (D) Clearly described complaint process, including to whom 
     a complaint may be filed.
       (E) Explanations of restricted and unrestricted reporting.
       (F) List of mandatory reporters.
       (G) Protections from retaliation.
       (H) Assurance that leadership will take appropriate 
     corrective action.
       (I) References to specific policies.
       (J) Resources for survivors.
       (2) Emergency services.--
       (A) Contact information.
       (B) Location.
       (3) Support and counseling.--Contact information for the 
     following support and counseling resources:
       (A) The Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim 
     Advocate or other equivalent advocate or counselor available 
     to students in cases of sexual assault.
       (B) The Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention 
     Resource Program Center.
       (C) Peer counseling.
       (D) Medical care.
       (E) Legal counsel.
       (F) Hotlines.
       (G) Chaplain or other spiritual representatives.
       (c) Distribution.--Each Superintendent shall provide the 
     current guide developed by that Superintendent under this 
     section--
       (1) not later than 30 days after completing development 
     under subsection (a) to each student who is enrolled at the 
     military service academy of that Superintendent on the date 
     of the enactment of this Act;
       (2) at the beginning of each academic year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act to each student who enrolls at 
     the military service academy of that Superintendent; and
       (3) as soon as practicable to a student at the military 
     service academy of that Superintendent who reports that such 
     student is a victim of sexual assault.

     SEC. 546. IMPROVED CRIME REPORTING.

       (a) Tracking Process.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall establish a consolidated tracking process 
     for the Department of Defense to ensure increased oversight 
     of the timely submission of crime reporting data to the 
     Federal Bureau of Investigation under section 922(g) of title 
     18, United States Code, and Department of Defense Instruction 
     5505.11, ``Fingerprint Card and Final Disposition Report 
     Submission Requirements''. The tracking process shall, to the 
     maximum extent possible, standardize and automate reporting 
     and increase the ability of the Department to track such 
     submissions.
       (b) Letter Required.--Not later than July 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit a letter to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
     that details the tracking process under subsection (a).

     SEC. 547. REPORT ON VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN REPORTS OF 
                   MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE ORGANIZATIONS.

       (a) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2019, and not 
     less frequently than once every two years thereafter, the 
     Secretary of Defense, acting through the Defense Advisory 
     Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of 
     Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report that includes, with 
     respect to the period of two years preceding the date of the 
     submittal of the report, the following:
       (1) The number of instances in which a covered individual 
     was accused of misconduct or crimes considered collateral to 
     the investigation of a sexual assault committed against the 
     individual.
       (2) The number of instances in which adverse action was 
     taken against a covered individual who was accused of 
     collateral misconduct or crimes as described in paragraph 
     (1).
       (3) The percentage of investigations of sexual assaults 
     that involved an accusation or adverse action against a 
     covered individual as described in paragraphs (1) and (2).
       (b) Covered Individual Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered individual'' means an individual who is identified 
     as a victim of a sexual assault in the case files of a 
     military criminal investigative organization.

   Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

     SEC. 551. PERMANENT CAREER INTERMISSION PROGRAM.

       (a) Codification and Permanent Authority.--Chapter 40 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new section 710:

     ``Sec. 710. Career flexibility to enhance retention of 
       members

       ``(a) Programs Authorized.--Each Secretary of a military 
     department may carry out programs under which members of the 
     regular components and members on Active Guard and Reserve 
     duty of the armed forces under the jurisdiction of such 
     Secretary may be inactivated from active service in order to 
     meet personal or professional needs and returned to active 
     service at the end of such period of inactivation from active 
     service.
       ``(b) Period of Inactivation From Active Service; Effect of 
     Inactivation.--(1) The period of inactivation from active 
     service under a program under this section of a member 
     participating in the program shall be such period as the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned shall specify 
     in the agreement of the

[[Page H6692]]

     member under subsection (c), except that such period may not 
     exceed three years.
       ``(2) Any service by a Reserve officer while participating 
     in a program under this section shall be excluded from 
     computation of the total years of service of that officer 
     pursuant to section 14706(a) of this title.
       ``(3) Any period of participation of a member in a program 
     under this section shall not count toward--
       ``(A) eligibility for retirement or transfer to the Ready 
     Reserve under either chapter 571 or 1223 of this title; or
       ``(B) computation of retired or retainer pay under chapter 
     71 or 1223 of this title.
       ``(c) Agreement.--Each member of the armed forces who 
     participates in a program under this section shall enter into 
     a written agreement with the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned under which agreement that member shall 
     agree as follows:
       ``(1) To accept an appointment or enlist, as applicable, 
     and serve in the Ready Reserve of the armed force concerned 
     during the period of the inactivation of the member from 
     active service under the program.
       ``(2) To undergo during the period of the inactivation of 
     the member from active service under the program such 
     inactive service training as the Secretary concerned shall 
     require in order to ensure that the member retains 
     proficiency, at a level determined by the Secretary concerned 
     to be sufficient, in the military skills, professional 
     qualifications, and physical readiness of the member during 
     the inactivation of the member from active service.
       ``(3) Following completion of the period of the 
     inactivation of the member from active service under the 
     program, to serve two months as a member of the armed forces 
     on active service for each month of the period of the 
     inactivation of the member from active service under the 
     program.
       ``(d) Conditions of Release.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall prescribe regulations specifying the guidelines 
     regarding the conditions of release that must be considered 
     and addressed in the agreement required by subsection (c). At 
     a minimum, the Secretary shall prescribe the procedures and 
     standards to be used to instruct a member on the obligations 
     to be assumed by the member under paragraph (2) of such 
     subsection while the member is released from active service.
       ``(e) Order to Active Service.--Under regulations 
     prescribed by the Secretary of the military department 
     concerned, a member of the armed forces participating in a 
     program under this section may, in the discretion of such 
     Secretary, be required to terminate participation in the 
     program and be ordered to active service.
       ``(f) Pay and Allowances.--(1) During each month of 
     participation in a program under this section, a member who 
     participates in the program shall be paid basic pay in an 
     amount equal to two-thirtieths of the amount of monthly basic 
     pay to which the member would otherwise be entitled under 
     section 204 of title 37 as a member of the uniformed services 
     on active service in the grade and years of service of the 
     member when the member commences participation in the 
     program.
       ``(2)(A) A member who participates in a program shall not, 
     while participating in the program, be paid any special or 
     incentive pay or bonus to which the member is otherwise 
     entitled under an agreement under chapter 5 of title 37 that 
     is in force when the member commences participation in the 
     program.
       ``(B) The inactivation from active service of a member 
     participating in a program shall not be treated as a failure 
     of the member to perform any period of service required of 
     the member in connection with an agreement for a special or 
     incentive pay or bonus under chapter 5 of title 37 that is in 
     force when the member commences participation in the program.
       ``(3)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), upon the return of a 
     member to active service after completion by the member of 
     participation in a program--
       ``(i) any agreement entered into by the member under 
     chapter 5 of title 37 for the payment of a special or 
     incentive pay or bonus that was in force when the member 
     commenced participation in the program shall be revived, with 
     the term of such agreement after revival being the period of 
     the agreement remaining to run when the member commenced 
     participation in the program; and
       ``(ii) any special or incentive pay or bonus shall be 
     payable to the member in accordance with the terms of the 
     agreement concerned for the term specified in clause (i).
       ``(B)(i) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any special or 
     incentive pay or bonus otherwise covered by that subparagraph 
     with respect to a member if, at the time of the return of the 
     member to active service as described in that subparagraph--
       ``(I) such pay or bonus is no longer authorized by law; or
       ``(II) the member does not satisfy eligibility criteria for 
     such pay or bonus as in effect at the time of the return of 
     the member to active service.
       ``(ii) Subparagraph (A) shall cease to apply to any special 
     or incentive pay or bonus otherwise covered by that 
     subparagraph with respect to a member if, during the term of 
     the revived agreement of the member under subparagraph 
     (A)(i), such pay or bonus ceases being authorized by law.
       ``(C) A member who is ineligible for payment of a special 
     or incentive pay or bonus otherwise covered by this paragraph 
     by reason of subparagraph (B)(i)(II) shall be subject to the 
     requirements for repayment of such pay or bonus in accordance 
     with the terms of the applicable agreement of the member 
     under chapter 5 of title 37.
       ``(D) Any service required of a member under an agreement 
     covered by this paragraph after the member returns to active 
     service as described in subparagraph (A) shall be in addition 
     to any service required of the member under an agreement 
     under subsection (c).
       ``(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), a member who 
     participates in a program is entitled, while participating in 
     the program, to the travel and transportation allowances 
     authorized by section 474 of title 37 for--
       ``(i) travel performed from the residence of the member, at 
     the time of release from active service to participate in the 
     program, to the location in the United States designated by 
     the member as his residence during the period of 
     participation in the program; and
       ``(ii) travel performed to the residence of the member upon 
     return to active service at the end of the participation of 
     the member in the program.
       ``(B) An allowance is payable under this paragraph only 
     with respect to travel of a member to and from a single 
     residence.
       ``(5) A member who participates in a program is entitled to 
     carry forward the leave balance existing as of the day on 
     which the member begins participation and accumulated in 
     accordance with section 701 of this title, but not to exceed 
     60 days.
       ``(g) Promotion.--(1)(A) An officer participating in a 
     program under this section shall not, while participating in 
     the program, be eligible for consideration for promotion 
     under chapter 36 or 1405 of this title.
       ``(B) Upon the return of an officer to active service after 
     completion by the officer of participation in a program--
       ``(i) the Secretary of the military department concerned 
     shall adjust the date of rank of the officer in such manner 
     as the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in regulations 
     for purposes of this section; and
       ``(ii) the officer shall be eligible for consideration for 
     promotion when officers of the same competitive category, 
     grade, and seniority are eligible for consideration for 
     promotion.
       ``(2) An enlisted member participating in a program shall 
     not be eligible for consideration for promotion during the 
     period that--
       ``(A) begins on the date of the inactivation of the member 
     from active service under the program; and
       ``(B) ends at such time after the return of the member to 
     active service under the program that the member is treatable 
     as eligible for promotion by reason of time in grade and such 
     other requirements as the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned shall prescribe in regulations for 
     purposes of the program.
       ``(h) Continued Entitlements.--A member participating in a 
     program under this section shall, while participating in the 
     program, be treated as a member of the armed forces on active 
     duty for a period of more than 30 days for purposes of--
       ``(1) the entitlement of the member and of the dependents 
     of the member to medical and dental care under the provisions 
     of chapter 55 of this title; and
       ``(2) retirement or separation for physical disability 
     under the provisions of chapters 55 and 61 of this title.''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 709a the following new item:

``710. Career flexibility to enhance retention of members.''.
       (2) Conforming repeal.--Section 533 of the Duncan Hunter 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (10 
     U.S.C. prec. 701 note) is repealed.

     SEC. 552. IMPROVEMENTS TO TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       (a) Pathways for TAP.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1142 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in the section heading by striking ``medical'' and 
     inserting ``certain'';
       (B) in subsection (a)--
       (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(regardless of 
     character of discharge)'' after ``discharge'';
       (ii) in paragraph (3)(A)--

       (I) by striking ``as soon as possible during the 12-month 
     period preceding'' and inserting ``not later than 365 days 
     before'';
       (II) by striking ``90 days'' and inserting ``365 days''; 
     and
       (III) by striking ``discharge or release'' and inserting 
     ``retirement or other separation''; and

       (iii) in paragraph (3)(B)--

       (I) by striking ``90'' and inserting ``365''; and
       (II) by striking ``90-day'' and inserting ``365-day'';

       (C) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d);
       (D) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Counseling Pathways.--(1) Each Secretary concerned, 
     in consultation with the Secretaries of Labor and Veterans 
     Affairs, shall establish at least three pathways for members 
     of the military department concerned receiving individualized 
     counseling under this section. The Secretaries shall design 
     the pathways to address the needs of members, based on the 
     following factors:
       ``(A) Rank.
       ``(B) Term of service.
       ``(C) Gender.
       ``(D) Whether the member was a member of a regular or 
     reserve component of an armed force.
       ``(E) Disability.
       ``(F) Character of discharge (including expedited discharge 
     and discharge under conditions other than honorable).
       ``(G) Health (including mental health).
       ``(H) Military occupational specialty.
       ``(I) Whether the member intends, after separation, 
     retirement, or discharge, to--
       ``(i) seek employment;

[[Page H6693]]

       ``(ii) enroll in a program of higher education;
       ``(iii) enroll in a program of vocational training; or
       ``(iv) become an entrepreneur.
       ``(J) The educational history of the member.
       ``(K) The employment history of the member.
       ``(L) Whether the member has secured--
       ``(i) employment;
       ``(ii) enrollment in a program of education; or
       ``(iii) enrollment in a program of vocational training.
       ``(M) Other factors the Secretary of Defense and the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries of Labor and Veterans Affairs, determine 
     appropriate.
       ``(2) Each member described in subsection (a) shall meet in 
     person or by video conference with a counselor before 
     beginning counseling under this section to--
       ``(A) take a self-assessment designed by the Secretary 
     concerned (in consultation with the Secretaries of Labor and 
     Veterans Affairs) to ensure that the Secretary concerned 
     places the member in the appropriate pathway under this 
     subsection;
       ``(B) receive information from the counselor regarding 
     reenlistment in the armed forces; and
       ``(C) receive information from the counselor regarding 
     resources (including resources regarding military sexual 
     trauma)--
       ``(i) for members of the armed forces separated, retired, 
     or discharged;
       ``(ii) located in the community in which the member will 
     reside after separation, retirement, or discharge.
       ``(3) At the meeting under paragraph (2), the member may 
     elect to have the Secretary concerned (in consultation with 
     the Secretaries of Labor and Veterans Affairs) provide the 
     contact information of the member to the resources described 
     in paragraph (2)(B).''; and
       (E) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(e) Joint Service Transcript.--The Secretary concerned 
     shall provide a copy of the joint service transcript of a 
     member described in subsection (a) to--
       ``(1) that member--
       ``(A) at the meeting with a counselor under subsection 
     (c)(2); and
       ``(B) on the day the member separates, retires, or is 
     discharged; and
       ``(2) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs on the day the 
     member separates, retires, or is discharged.''.
       (2) Deadline.--Each Secretary concerned shall carry out 
     subsection (c) of such section, as amended by paragraph (1), 
     not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.
       (3) GAO study.--Not later than 1 year after the Secretaries 
     concerned carry out subsection (c) of such section, as 
     amended by paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall submit to Congress a review of the 
     pathways for the Transition Assistance Program established 
     under such subsection (c).
       (b) Contents of TAP.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1144 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Such services'' and 
     inserting ``Subject to subsection (f)(2), such services''; 
     and
       (B) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:
       ``(f) Program Contents.--(1) The program carried out under 
     this section shall consist of instruction as follows:
       ``(A) One day of preseparation training specific to the 
     armed force concerned, as determined by the Secretary 
     concerned.
       ``(B) One day of instruction regarding--
       ``(i) benefits under laws administered by the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs; and
       ``(ii) other subjects determined by the Secretary 
     concerned.
       ``(C) One day of instruction regarding preparation for 
     employment.
       ``(D) Two days of instruction regarding a topic selected by 
     the member from the following subjects:
       ``(i) Preparation for employment.
       ``(ii) Preparation for education.
       ``(iii) Preparation for vocational training.
       ``(iv) Preparation for entrepreneurship.
       ``(v) Other options determined by the Secretary concerned.
       ``(2) The Secretary concerned may permit a member to attend 
     training and instruction under the program established under 
     this section--
       ``(A) before the time periods established under section 
     1142(a)(3) of this title;
       ``(B) in addition to such training and instruction required 
     during such time periods.''.
       (2) Deadline.--The Transition Assistance Program shall 
     comply with the requirements of section 1144(f) of title 10, 
     United States Code, as amended by paragraph (1), not later 
     than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (3) Action plan.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit an action plan to the congressional defense committees 
     that--
       (A) details how the Secretary shall implement the 
     requirements of section 1144(f) of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by paragraph (1); and
       (B) details how the Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries of Veterans Affairs and Labor, shall establish 
     standardized performance metrics to measure Transition 
     Assistance Program participation and outcome-based objective 
     benchmarks in order to--
       (i) provide feedback to the Departments of Defense, 
     Veterans Affairs, and Labor;
       (ii) improve the curriculum of the Transition Assistance 
     Program;
       (iii) share best practices;
       (iv) facilitate effective oversight of the Transition 
     Assistance Program; and
       (v) ensure members obtain sufficient financial literacy to 
     effectively leverage conferred benefits and opportunities for 
     employment, education, vocational training, and 
     entrepreneurship.
       (4) Report.--On the date that is 2 years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act and annually thereafter for the 
     subsequent 4 years, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services and Veterans' Affairs of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives, the Committee on 
     Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, and the 
     Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House 
     of Representatives, a report regarding members of the Armed 
     Forces who have attended Transition Assistance Program 
     counseling during the preceding year. The report shall detail 
     the following:
       (A) The total number of members who attended Transition 
     Assistance Program counseling.
       (B) The number of members who attended Transition 
     Assistance Program counseling under paragraph (1) of section 
     1144(f) of title 10, as amended by paragraph (1).
       (C) The number of members who attended Transition 
     Assistance Program counseling under paragraph (2) of such 
     section.
       (D) The number of members who elected to attend each two-
     day instruction under paragraph (1)(D) of such section.

     SEC. 553. REPEAL OF PROGRAM ON ENCOURAGEMENT OF 
                   POSTSEPARATION PUBLIC AND COMMUNITY SERVICE.

       (a) Repeal.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1143a of title 10, United States 
     Code, is repealed.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 58 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 1143a.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section 1144(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) by striking paragraph (8); and
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (9), (10), and (11) as 
     paragraphs (8), (9), and (10), respectively.
       (2) Section 1142(b)(4)(C) of such title is amended by 
     striking ``the public and community service jobs program 
     carried out under section 1143a of this title, and''.
       (3) Section 159(c)(2)(D) of the National and Community 
     Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12619(c)(2)(D)) is amended by 
     striking ``and as employment with a public service or 
     community service organization for purposes of section 4464 
     of that Act''.
       (4) Section 162(a)(2) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 12622(a)(2)) 
     is amended by striking ``shall'' and all that follows through 
     ``provide other'' and inserting ``shall provide''.
       (5) Subsection (c) of section 4403 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 
     10 U.S.C. 1293 note) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(c) Inapplicability of Certain Provisions.--During the 
     period specified in subsection (i)(2), this section does not 
     apply as follows:
       ``(1) To members of the Coast Guard, notwithstanding 
     section 542(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 1293 note).
       ``(2) To members of the commissioned corps of the National 
     Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, notwithstanding 
     section 566(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 1293 
     note).''.
       (c) Conforming Repeal.--
       (1) Repeal.--Section 4464 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 
     10 U.S.C. 1143a note) is repealed.
       (2) Applicability.--The repeal made under paragraph (1) 
     shall apply with respect to an individual who retires from 
     the Armed Forces on or after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

     SEC. 554. CLARIFICATION OF APPLICATION AND HONORABLE SERVICE 
                   REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE TROOPS-TO-TEACHERS 
                   PROGRAM TO MEMBERS OF THE RETIRED RESERVE.

       (a) In General.--Paragraph (2)(B) of section 1154(d) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)(iii),'' after ``(A)(i),'';
       (2) by inserting ``transferred to the Retired Reserve, or'' 
     after ``member is retired,''; and
       (3) by striking ``separated,'' and inserting ``separated''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--The second sentence of 
     paragraph (3)(D) of such section is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``, the transfer of the member to the 
     Retired Reserve,'' after ``retirement of the member''; and
       (2) by inserting ``transfer,'' after ``after the 
     retirement,''.

     SEC. 555. EMPLOYMENT AND COMPENSATION OF CIVILIAN FACULTY 
                   MEMBERS AT THE JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
                   UNIVERSITY.

       Section 1595(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) The Joint Special Operations University.''.

     SEC. 556. PROGRAM TO ASSIST MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN 
                   OBTAINING PROFESSIONAL CREDENTIALS.

       Section 2015(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``related to military training'' and all that 
     follows through the period at the end of paragraph (2) and 
     inserting ``that translate into civilian occupations.''.

     SEC. 557. ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES IN CONNECTION WITH 
                   JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) Flexibility in Authorities for Management of Programs 
     and Units.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 102 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

[[Page H6694]]

  


     ``Sec. 2035. Flexibility in authorities for management of 
       programs and units

       ``(a) Authority To Convert Otherwise Closing Units to 
     National Defense Cadet Corps Program Units.--If the Secretary 
     of a military department is notified by a local educational 
     agency of the intent of the agency to close its Junior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps, the Secretary shall offer 
     the agency the option of converting the unit to a National 
     Defense Cadet Corps (NDCC) program unit in lieu of closing 
     the unit.
       ``(b) Flexibility in Administration of Instructors.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
     departments may, without regard to any other provision of 
     this chapter, undertake initiatives designed to promote 
     flexibility in the hiring and compensation of instructors for 
     the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program under the 
     jurisdiction of such Secretaries.
       ``(2) Elements.--The initiatives undertaken pursuant to 
     this subsection may provide for one or more of the following:
       ``(A) Termination of the requirement for a waiver as a 
     condition of the hiring of well-qualified non-commissioned 
     officers with a bachelor's degree for senior instructor 
     positions within the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
       ``(B) Specification of a single instructor as the minimum 
     number of instructors required to found and operate a Junior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit.
       ``(C) Authority for Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
     instructors to undertake school duties, in addition to Junior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps duties, at small schools.
       ``(D) Authority for the payment of instructor compensation 
     for a limited number of Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
     Corps instructors on a 10-month per year basis rather than a 
     12-month per year basis.
       ``(E) Such other actions as the Secretaries of the military 
     departments consider appropriate.
       ``(c) Flexibility in Allocation and Use of Travel 
     Funding.--The Secretaries of the military departments shall 
     take appropriate actions to provide so-called regional 
     directors of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
     programs located at remote rural schools enhanced discretion 
     in the allocation and use of funds for travel in connection 
     with Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps activities.
       ``(d) Standardization of Program Data.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall take appropriate actions to standardize the 
     data collected and maintained on the Junior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps programs in order to facilitate and enhance 
     the collection and analysis of such data. Such actions shall 
     include a requirement for the use of the National Center for 
     Education Statistics (NCES) identification code for each 
     school with a unit under a Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
     Corps program in order to facilitate identification of such 
     schools and their units under the Junior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps programs.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 102 of such title is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new item:

``2035. Flexibility in authorities for management of programs and 
              units.''.
       (b) Authority for Additional Units.--The Secretaries of the 
     military departments may, using amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act and available in the funding tables 
     in sections 4301 and 4401 for purposes of the Junior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps programs, establish an aggregate of 
     not more than 100 units under the Junior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps programs in low-income and rural areas of the 
     United States and areas of the United States currently 
     underserved by the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
     programs.

     SEC. 558. EXPANSION OF PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY OF MILITARY 
                   ONESOURCE PROGRAM FOR RETIRED AND DISCHARGED 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR IMMEDIATE 
                   FAMILIES.

       (a) In General.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary of Defense, the period of eligibility for the 
     Military OneSource program of the Department of Defense of an 
     eligible individual retired, discharged, or otherwise 
     released from the Armed Forces, and for the eligible 
     immediate family members of such an individual, shall be the 
     one-year period beginning on the date of the retirement, 
     discharge, or release, as applicable, of such individual.
       (b) Information to Families.--The Secretary shall, in such 
     manner as the Secretary considers appropriate, inform 
     military families and families of veterans of the Armed 
     Forces of the wide range of benefits available through the 
     Military OneSource program.

     SEC. 559. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR ATTENDANCE OF 
                   ENLISTED PERSONNEL AT SENIOR LEVEL AND 
                   INTERMEDIATE LEVEL OFFICER PROFESSIONAL 
                   MILITARY EDUCATION COURSES.

       (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated or otherwise made available for the Department 
     of Defense may be obligated or expended for the purpose of 
     the attendance of enlisted personnel at senior level and 
     intermediate level officer professional military education 
     courses.
       (b) Senior Level and Intermediate Level Officer 
     Professional Military Education Courses Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``senior level and intermediate level 
     officer professional military education courses'' means any 
     course for officers offered by a school specified in 
     paragraph (1) or (2) of section 2151(b) of title 10, United 
     States Code.
       (c) Repeal of Superseded Limitation.--
       (1) In general.--Section 547 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is 
     repealed.
       (2) Preservation of certain reporting requirement.--The 
     repeal in paragraph (1) shall not be interpreted to terminate 
     the requirement of the Comptroller General of the United 
     States to submit the report required by subsection (c) of 
     section 547 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018.

               Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education

     SEC. 561. ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH MILITARY DEPENDENT 
                   STUDENTS.

       (a) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--
       (1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2019 pursuant to section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $10,000,000 shall be available for payments under section 363 
     of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 106-398; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
       (2) Use of certain amount.--Of the amount available under 
     paragraph (1) for payments as described in that paragraph, 
     $5,000,000 shall be available for such payments to local 
     educational agencies determined by the Secretary of Defense, 
     in the discretion of the Secretary, to have higher 
     concentrations of military children with severe disabilities.
       (b) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of 
     Military Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2019 by section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $40,000,000 shall be available only for the purpose of 
     providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
     subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 
     20 U.S.C. 7703b).
       (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).

     SEC. 562. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION ACTIVITY POLICIES 
                   AND PROCEDURES ON SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF STUDENTS 
                   OF ACTIVITY SCHOOLS.

       (a) Applicability of Title IX Protections.--The provisions 
     of title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 
     1681 et seq.) (in this section referred to as ``title IX'') 
     with respect to education programs or activities receiving 
     Federal financial assistance shall apply equally to education 
     programs and activities administered by the Department of 
     Defense Education Activity (DODEA).
       (b) Policies and Procedures.--Not later than March 31, 
     2019, the Department of Defense Education Activity shall 
     establish policies and procedures to protect students at 
     schools of the Activity who are victims of sexual harassment. 
     Such policies and procedures shall afford protections at 
     least comparable to the protections afforded under title IX.
       (c) Elements.--The policies and procedures required by 
     subsection (b) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
       (1) A policy addressing sexual harassment of students at 
     the schools of the Department of Defense Education Activity 
     that uses and incorporates terms, procedures, protections, 
     investigation standards, and standards of evidence consistent 
     with title IX.
       (2) A procedure by which--
       (A) a student of a school of the Activity, or a parent of 
     such a student, may file a complaint with the school alleging 
     an incident of sexual harassment at the school; and
       (B) such a student or parent may appeal the decision of the 
     school regarding such complaint.
       (3) A procedure and mechanisms for the appointment and 
     training of, and allocation of responsibility to, a 
     coordinator at each school of the Activity for sexual 
     harassment matters involving students from the military 
     community served by such school.
       (4) Training of employees of the Activity, and volunteers 
     at schools of the Activity, on the policies and procedures.
       (5) Mechanisms for the broad distribution and display of 
     the policy described in paragraph (1), including on the 
     Internet website of the Activity and on Internet websites of 
     schools of the Activity, in printed and online versions of 
     student handbooks, and in brochures and flyers displayed on 
     school bulletin boards and in guidance counselor offices.
       (6) Reporting and recordkeeping requirements designed to 
     ensure that--
       (A) complaints of sexual harassment at schools of the 
     Activity are handled--
       (i) with professionalism and consistency; and
       (ii) in a manner that permits coordinators referred to in 
     paragraph (3) to track trends in incidents of sexual 
     harassment and to identify repeat offenders of sexual 
     harassment; and
       (B) appropriate members of the local leadership of military 
     communities are held accountable for acting upon complaints 
     of sexual harassment at schools of the Activity.

     SEC. 563. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION ACTIVITY MISCONDUCT 
                   DATABASE.

       (a) Comprehensive Database.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     consolidate the various databases and mechanisms for the 
     reporting and tracking of juvenile misconduct in Department 
     of Defense Education Activity (hereinafter in this section 
     referred to as ``DODEA'') schools into one comprehensive 
     database for DODEA juvenile misconduct. The comprehensive 
     database shall include all unresolved and all substantiated 
     allegations of juvenile-on-juvenile sexual misconduct.
       (b) Policy.--The Secretary shall establish a comprehensive 
     policy regarding the reporting and tracking of juvenile 
     misconduct cases occurring in DODEA schools, including 
     policies establishing appropriate safeguards to prevent

[[Page H6695]]

     unauthorized disclosure of sensitive information contained in 
     the comprehensive database required by subsection (a).

     SEC. 564. ASSESSMENT AND REPORT ON ACTIVE SHOOTER THREAT 
                   MITIGATION AT SCHOOLS LOCATED ON MILITARY 
                   INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
     assessment of strategies that may be used to address any 
     security threat posed by active shooter incidents at public 
     elementary schools and secondary schools located on the 
     grounds of Federal military installations.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report that includes the results 
     of the assessment conducted under subsection (a).

             Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness Matters

     SEC. 571. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MILITARY FAMILY READINESS 
                   COUNCIL MATTERS.

       (a) Member Matters.--
       (1) Membership.--Paragraph (1)(B) of subsection (b) of 
     section 1781a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in clause (i), by striking ``a member of the armed 
     force to be represented'' and inserting ``a member or 
     civilian employee of the armed force to be represented''; and
       (B) by striking clause (ii) and inserting the following new 
     clause (ii):
       ``(ii) One representative, who shall be a member or 
     civilian employee of the National Guard Bureau, to represent 
     both the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard.''.
       (2) Terms.--Paragraph (2) of such subsection is amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``clauses (i) and 
     (iii) of''; and
       (ii) by striking the second sentence; and
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``three years'' and 
     inserting ``two years''.
       (b) Duties.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``military family 
     readiness by the Department of Defense'' and inserting 
     ``military family readiness programs and activities of the 
     Department of Defense''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) To make recommendations to the Secretary of Defense 
     to improve collaboration, awareness, and promotion of 
     accurate and timely military family readiness information and 
     support services by policy makers, service providers, and 
     targeted beneficiaries.''.
       (c) Annual Reports.--Subsection (e) of such section is 
     amended by striking ``February 1'' and inserting ``July 1''.
       (d) Effective Date.--
       (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
     take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Applicability of membership and term amendments.--The 
     amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply to members of 
     the Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council 
     appointed after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 572. ENHANCEMENT AND CLARIFICATION OF FAMILY SUPPORT 
                   SERVICES FOR FAMILY MEMBERS OF MEMBERS OF 
                   SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES.

       Section 1788a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``activities'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``services'';
       (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``activity'' and 
     inserting ``service'';
       (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``$5,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$10,000,000''; and
       (4) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(4) The term `family support services' includes costs of 
     transportation, food, lodging, child care, supplies, fees, 
     and training materials for immediate family members of 
     members of the armed forces assigned to special operations 
     forces while participating in programs under subsection 
     (a).''.

     SEC. 573. TEMPORARY EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY FOR NONCOMPETITIVE 
                   APPOINTMENTS OF MILITARY SPOUSES BY FEDERAL 
                   AGENCIES.

       (a) Expansion to Include All Spouses of Members of the 
     Armed Forces on Active Duty.--Section 3330d of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking paragraphs (3), (4), and (5); and
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (3);
       (2) by striking subsections (b) and (c) and inserting the 
     following new subsection (b):
       ``(b) Appointment Authority.--The head of an agency may 
     appoint noncompetitively--
       ``(1) a spouse of a member of the Armed Forces on active 
     duty; or
       ``(2) a spouse of a disabled or deceased member of the 
     Armed Forces.'';
       (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c); and
       (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``subsection (a)(6)'' in paragraph (1) and inserting 
     ``subsection (a)(3)''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 33 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 3330d and inserting the 
     following new item:

``3330d. Appointment of military spouses.''.
       (c) Heading Amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 3330d. Appointment of military spouses''.

       (d) OPM Limitation and Reports.--
       (1) Relocating spouses.--With respect to the noncompetitive 
     appointment of a relocating spouse of a member of the Armed 
     Forces under subsection (b)(1) of section 3330d of title 5, 
     United States Code, as amended by subsection (a), the 
     Director of the Office of Personnel Management--
       (A) shall monitor the number of such appointments;
       (B) shall require the head of each agency with authority to 
     make such appointments under such section to submit an annual 
     report to the Director on such appointments, including 
     information on the number of individuals so appointed, the 
     types of positions filled, and the effectiveness of the 
     authority for such appointments; and
       (C) not later than 18 months after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, shall submit a report to the Committee 
     on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Government Affairs of the Senate on the use and effectiveness 
     of such authority.
       (2) Non-relocating spouses.--With respect to the 
     noncompetitive appointment of a spouse of a member of the 
     Armed Forces other than a relocating spouse described in 
     paragraph (1), the Director of the Office of Personnel 
     Management--
       (A) shall treat the spouse as a relocating spouse under 
     paragraph (1); and
       (B) may limit the number of such appointments.
       (e) Sunset.--Effective on the date that is 5 years after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act--
       (1) the authority provided by this section, and the 
     amendments made by this section, shall expire; and
       (2) the provisions of section 3330d of title 5, United 
     States Code, amended or repealed by such section are restored 
     or revived as if such section had not been enacted.

     SEC. 574. IMPROVEMENT OF MY CAREER ADVANCEMENT ACCOUNT 
                   PROGRAM FOR MILITARY SPOUSES.

       (a) Outreach on Availability of Program.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall take appropriate actions to ensure that 
     military spouses who are eligible for participation in the My 
     Career Advancement Account program of the Department of 
     Defense are, to the extent practicable, made aware of the 
     program.
       (b) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller 
     General of the United States shall submit to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report setting forth such recommendations 
     as the Comptroller General considers appropriate regarding 
     the following:
       (1) Mechanisms to increase awareness of the My Career 
     Advancement Account program of the Department of Defense 
     among military spouses who are eligible to participate in the 
     program.
       (2) Mechanisms to increase participation in the My Career 
     Advancement Account program among military spouses who are 
     eligible to participate in the program.
       (c) Training for Installation Career Counselors on 
     Program.--The Secretaries of the military departments shall 
     take appropriate actions to ensure that career counselors at 
     military installations receive appropriate training and 
     current information on eligibility for and use of benefits 
     under the My Career Advancement Account program, including 
     financial assistance to cover costs associated with 
     professional recertification, portability of occupational 
     licenses, professional credential exams, and other mechanisms 
     in connection with the portability of professional licenses.

     SEC. 575. ASSESSMENT AND REPORT ON THE EFFECTS OF PERMANENT 
                   CHANGES OF STATION ON EMPLOYMENT AMONG MILITARY 
                   SPOUSES.

       (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     conduct an assessment of the effects of frequent, permanent 
     changes of station on the stability of employment among 
     spouses of members of the Armed Forces.
       (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) An assessment of how frequent, permanent changes of 
     station may contribute to unemployment or underemployment 
     among spouses of members of the Armed Forces.
       (2) An assessment of how unemployment and underemployment 
     among military spouses may affect force readiness.
       (3) Such recommendations as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate regarding legislative or administration actions 
     that may be carried out to achieve force readiness and 
     stabilization through the minimization of the impacts of 
     frequent, permanent changes in station on the stability of 
     employment among military spouses.
       (c) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report that 
     includes the results of the assessment with respect to each 
     element described in subsection (b).

     SEC. 576. PROVISIONAL OR INTERIM CLEARANCES TO PROVIDE 
                   CHILDCARE SERVICES AT MILITARY CHILDCARE 
                   CENTERS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement a 
     policy to permit the issuance on a provisional or interim 
     basis of clearances for the provision of childcare services 
     at military childcare centers.
       (b) Elements.--The policy required by subsection (a) shall 
     provide for the following:
       (1) Any clearance issued under the policy shall be 
     temporary and contingent upon the satisfaction of such 
     requirements for the issuance of a clearance on a permanent 
     basis as the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (2) Any individual issued a clearance on a provisional or 
     interim basis under the policy

[[Page H6696]]

     shall be subject to such supervision in the provision of 
     childcare services using such clearance as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (c) Clearance Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``clearance'', with respect to an individual and the 
     provision of childcare services, means the formal approval of 
     the individual, after appropriate background checks and other 
     review, to provide childcare services to children at a 
     military childcare center of the Department of Defense.

     SEC. 577. MULTIDISCIPLINARY TEAMS FOR MILITARY INSTALLATIONS 
                   ON CHILD ABUSE AND OTHER DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

       (a) Multidisciplinary Teams Required.--
       (1) In general.--Under regulations prescribed by each 
     Secretary concerned, there shall be established and 
     maintained for each military installation, except as provided 
     in paragraph (2), one or more multidisciplinary teams on 
     child abuse and other domestic violence for the purposes 
     specified in subsection (b).
       (2) Single team for proximate installations.--A single 
     multidiscipinary team described in paragraph (1) may be 
     established and maintained under this subsection for two or 
     more military installations in proximity with one another if 
     the Secretary concerned determines, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense, that a single team for such 
     installations suffices to carry out the purposes of such 
     teams under subsection (b) for such installations.
       (b) Purposes.--The purposes of each multidisciplinary team 
     maintained pursuant to subsection (a) shall be as follows:
       (1) To provide for the sharing of information among such 
     team and other appropriate personnel on the installation or 
     installations concerned regarding the progress of 
     investigations into and resolutions of incidents of child 
     abuse and other domestic violence involving members of the 
     Armed Forces stationed at or otherwise assigned to the 
     installation or installations.
       (2) To provide for and enhance collaborative efforts among 
     such team and other appropriate personnel of the installation 
     or installations regarding investigations into and 
     resolutions of such incidents.
       (3) To enhance the social services available to military 
     families at the installation or installations in connection 
     with such incidents, including through the enhancement of 
     cooperation among specialists and other personnel providing 
     such services to such military families in connection with 
     such incidents.
       (4) To carry out such other duties regarding the response 
     to child abuse and other domestic violence at the 
     installation or installations as the Secretary concerned 
     considers appropriate for such purposes.
       (c) Personnel.--
       (1) In general.--Each multidisciplinary team maintained 
     pursuant to subsection (a) shall be composed of the 
     following:
       (A) One or more judge advocates.
       (B) Appropriate personnel of one or more military criminal 
     investigation services.
       (C) Appropriate mental health professionals.
       (D) Appropriate medical personnel.
       (E) Family advocacy case workers.
       (F) Such other personnel as the Secretary or Secretaries 
     concerned consider appropriate.
       (2) Expertise and training.--Any individual assigned to a 
     multidisciplinary team shall possess such expertise, and 
     shall undertake such training as is required to maintain such 
     expertise, as the Secretary concerned shall specify for 
     purposes of this section in order to ensure that members of 
     the team remain appropriately qualified to carry out the 
     purposes of the team under this section. The training and 
     expertise so specified shall include training and expertise 
     on special victims' crimes, including child abuse and other 
     domestic violence.
       (d) Coordination and Collaboration With Non-military 
     Resources.--
       (1) Use of community resources serving installations.--In 
     providing under this section for a multidisciplinary team for 
     a military installation or installations that benefit from 
     services or resources on child abuse or other domestic 
     violence that are provided by civilian entities in the 
     vicinity of the installation or installations, the Secretary 
     concerned may take the availability of such services or 
     resources to the installation or installations into account 
     in providing for the composition and duties of the team.
       (2) Best practices.--The Secretaries concerned shall take 
     appropriate actions to ensure that multidisciplinary teams 
     maintained pursuant to subsection (a) remain fully and 
     currently apprised of best practices in the civilian sector 
     on investigations into and resolutions of incidents of child 
     abuse and other domestic violence and on the social services 
     provided in connection with such incidents.
       (3) Collaboration.--In providing for the enhancement of 
     social services available to military families in accordance 
     with subsection (b)(3), the Secretaries concerned shall 
     permit, facilitate, and encourage multidisciplinary teams to 
     collaborate with appropriate civilian agencies in the 
     vicinity of the military installations concerned with regard 
     to availability, provision, and use of such services to and 
     by such families.
       (e) Annual Reports.--Not later than March 1 of each year 
     from 2020 through 2022, each Secretary concerned shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the activities of 
     multidisciplinary teams maintained pursuant to subsection (a) 
     under the jurisdiction of such Secretary during the preceding 
     year. Each report shall set forth, for the period covered by 
     such report, the following:
       (1) A summary description of the activities of the 
     multidisciplinary teams concerned, including the number and 
     composition of such teams, the recurring activities of such 
     teams, and any notable achievements of such teams.
       (2) A description of any impediments to the effectiveness 
     of such teams.
       (3) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as such Secretary considers appropriate in order to 
     improve the effectiveness of such teams.
       (4) Such other matters with respect to such teams as such 
     Secretary considers appropriate.
       (f) Secretary Concerned.--
       (1) Definition.--In this section, the term ``Secretary 
     concerned'' has the meaning given that term in section 
     101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) Usage with respect to multiple installations.--For 
     purposes of this section, any reference to ``Secretary 
     concerned'' with respect to a single multidisciplinary team 
     established and maintained pursuant to subsection (a) for two 
     or more military installations that are under the 
     jurisdiction of different Secretaries concerned, shall be 
     deemed to refer to each Secretary concerned who has 
     jurisdiction of such an installation, acting jointly.

     SEC. 578. PILOT PROGRAM FOR MILITARY FAMILIES: PREVENTION OF 
                   CHILD ABUSE AND TRAINING ON SAFE CHILDCARE 
                   PRACTICES.

       (a) Pilot Program.--
       (1) Purpose.--In order to reduce child abuse and fatalities 
     due to abuse or neglect in covered households, the Secretary 
     of Defense, acting through the Defense Health Agency, shall 
     carry out a pilot program to--
       (A) provide information regarding safe childcare practices 
     to covered households;
       (B) identify and assess risk factors for child abuse in 
     covered households; and
       (C) facilitate connections between covered households and 
     community resources.
       (2) Prohibition on delegation.--The Secretary may not carry 
     out the pilot program through the Family Advocacy Program.
       (3) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
     program at no fewer than five military installations that 
     reflect a range of characteristics including the following:
       (A) Urban location.
       (B) Rural location.
       (C) Large population.
       (D) Small population.
       (E) High incidence of child abuse, neglect, or both.
       (F) Low incidence of child abuse, neglect, or both.
       (G) Presence of a hospital or clinic.
       (H) Lack of a hospital or clinic.
       (I) Joint installation.
       (J) Serving only one Armed Force.
       (4) Term.--The pilot program shall terminate two years 
     after implementation.
       (5) Design.--The Secretary shall design the pilot program 
     in consultation with military family groups to respond to the 
     needs of covered households.
       (6) Elements.--The pilot program shall include the 
     following elements:
       (A) Postnatal services, including screening to identify 
     family needs and potential risk factors, and make referrals 
     to appropriate community services with the use of the 
     electronic data described in subparagraphs (F) and (G).
       (B) The Secretary shall identify at least three approaches 
     to screening, identification, and referral under subparagraph 
     (A) that empirically improve outcomes for parents and 
     infants.
       (C) Services and resources designed for a covered household 
     by the Secretary after considering the information gained 
     from the screening and identification under subparagraph (A). 
     Such services and resources may include or address the 
     following:
       (i) General maternal and infant health exam.
       (ii) Safe sleeping environments.
       (iii) Feeding and bathing.
       (iv) Adequate child supervision.
       (v) Common hazards.
       (vi) Self-care.
       (vii) Postpartum depression, substance abuse, or domestic 
     violence.
       (viii) Community violence.
       (ix) Skills for management of infant crying.
       (x) Other positive parenting skills and practices.
       (xi) The importance of participating in ongoing healthcare 
     for an infant and for treating postpartum depression.
       (xii) Finding, qualifying for, and participating in 
     available community resources with respect to infant care, 
     childcare, parenting support, and home visits.
       (xiii) Planning for parenting or guardianship of children 
     during deployment and reintegration.
       (xiv) Such other matters as the Secretary, in consultation 
     with military families, considers appropriate.
       (D) Home visits to provide support, screening and referral 
     services shall be offered as needed. The number of visits 
     offered shall be guided by parental interest and family need, 
     but in general is expected to be no more than three.
       (E) If a parent is deployed at the time of birth--
       (i) the first in-home visit under subparagraph (D) shall, 
     to the extent practicable, incorporate both parents, in 
     person with the local parent and by electronic means with the 
     deployed parent; and
       (ii) another such home visit shall be offered upon the 
     return of the parent from deployment, and shall include both 
     parents, if determined in the best interest of the family.
       (F) An electronic directory of community resources 
     available to covered households and pilot program personnel 
     to help covered households access such resources.
       (G) An electronic integrated data system to--
       (i) help pilot program personnel refer eligible covered 
     beneficiaries to services and resources under the pilot 
     program;
       (ii) track usage of such services and resources and 
     interactions between such personnel and covered households; 
     and

[[Page H6697]]

       (iii) evaluate the implementation, outcomes, and 
     effectiveness of the pilot program.
       (b) Voluntary Participation.--Participation in the pilot 
     program shall be at the election of a covered beneficiary in 
     an eligible household.
       (c) Outreach.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after implementing 
     the pilot program, the Secretary shall notify each covered 
     household of the services provided under subsection (b).
       (2) Covered households with newborns.--No later than 30 
     days after a birth in a covered household, the Secretary 
     shall contact such covered household to encourage 
     participation in the pilot program.
       (d) Assessments.--
       (1) Number.--The Secretary shall carry out no fewer than 
     five assessments of the pilot program.
       (2) Comparison installations.--For purposes of this 
     subsection, the Secretary shall also select such number of 
     other military installations the Secretary determines 
     appropriate as comparison installations for purposes of 
     assessing the outcomes of the pilot.
       (3) Assessment.--The Secretary shall assess each of the 
     following:
       (A) Success in contacting covered households for 
     participation in the pilot.
       (B) The percentage of covered households that elect to 
     participate in the pilot program.
       (C) The extent to which covered households participating in 
     the pilot program are connected to services and resources 
     under the pilot program.
       (D) The extent to which covered households participating in 
     the pilot program use services and resources under the pilot 
     program.
       (E) Compliance of pilot program personnel with pilot 
     program protocols.
       (e) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives a report on the pilot program under this 
     section. The report shall include a comprehensive description 
     of the assessments under subsection (d), as well as the 
     following:
       (A) Which installations the Secretary selected for the 
     pilot program under subsection (a)(2).
       (B) Why the Secretary selected the installations described 
     in subparagraph (A).
       (C) Names of the installations the Secretary selected as 
     comparison installations under subsection (d)(2).
       (D) How the pilot program is carried out, including 
     strategy and metrics for evaluating effectiveness of the 
     pilot program.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     termination of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the committees specified in paragraph (1) a final report 
     on the pilot program. The report shall include the following:
       (A) A comprehensive description of, and findings of, the 
     assessments under subsection (d).
       (B) A comprehensive description and assessment of the 
     pilot.
       (C) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action the Secretary determines appropriate, including 
     whether to--
       (i) extend the term of the pilot program;
       (ii) expand the pilot program to additional installations; 
     or
       (iii) make the pilot program permanent.
       (f) Departmental Implementation.--If the Secretary 
     determines that any element of the pilot program is 
     effective, the Secretary shall implement such element 
     permanently for the Department of Defense.
       (g) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered household'' means a household that--
       (A) contains an eligible covered beneficiary; and
       (B) is located at a location selected by the Secretary for 
     the pilot program.
       (2) The term ``eligible covered beneficiary'' means a 
     covered beneficiary (as that term is defined in section 1072 
     of title 10, United States Code) who obtains prenatal or 
     obstetrical care in a military medical treatment facility in 
     connection with a birth covered by the pilot program.
       (3) With respect to a military installation, the term 
     ``community'' means the catchment area for community services 
     of the installation, including services provided on the 
     installation by the Secretary and services provided by State, 
     county, and local jurisdictions in which the installation is 
     located, or in the vicinity of the installation.

     SEC. 579. ASSESSMENT AND REPORT ON SMALL BUSINESS ACTIVITIES 
                   OF MILITARY SPOUSES ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS 
                   IN THE UNITED STATES.

       (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     conduct an assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     permitting military spouses to engage in small business 
     activities on military installations in the United States and 
     in partnership with commissaries, exchange stores, and other 
     morale, welfare, and recreation facilities of the Armed 
     Forces in the United States.
       (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
     shall--
       (1) take into account the usage by military spouses of 
     installation facilities, utilities, and other resources in 
     the conduct of small business activities on military 
     installations in the United States and such other matters in 
     connection with the conduct of such business activities by 
     military spouses as the Secretary considers appropriate; and
       (2) seek to identify mechanisms to ensure that costs and 
     fees associated with the usage by military spouses of such 
     facilities, utilities, and other resources in connection with 
     such business activities does not meaningfully curtail or 
     eliminate the opportunity for military spouses to profit 
     reasonably from such business activities.
       (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report that 
     includes the results of the assessment, including the results 
     with respect to each element described in subsection (b).

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

     SEC. 581. ATOMIC VETERANS SERVICE CERTIFICATE.

       (a) Service Certificate Required.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall design and produce a military service certificate, to 
     be known as the ``Atomic Veterans Service Certificate'', to 
     honor retired and former members of the Armed Forces who are 
     radiation-exposed veterans (as such term is defined in 
     section 1112(c)(3) of title 38, United States Code).
       (b) Distribution of Certificate.--
       (1) Issuance to retired and former members.--At the request 
     of a radiation-exposed veteran, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall issue the Atomic Veterans Service Certificate to the 
     veteran.
       (2) Issuance to next-of-kin.--In the case of a radiation-
     exposed veteran who is deceased, the Secretary may provide 
     for issuance of the Atomic Veterans Service Certificate to 
     the next-of-kin of the person.

     SEC. 582. AWARD OF MEDALS OR OTHER COMMENDATIONS TO HANDLERS 
                   OF MILITARY WORKING DOGS.

       (a) Program of Award Required.--Each Secretary of a 
     military department shall carry out a program to provide for 
     the award of one or more medals or other commendations to 
     handlers of military working dogs under the jurisdiction of 
     such Secretary to recognize valor or meritorious achievement 
     by such handlers and dogs.
       (b) Medals and Commendations.--Any medal or commendation 
     awarded pursuant to a program under subsection (a) shall be 
     of such design, and include such elements, as the Secretary 
     of the military department concerned shall specify. The 
     Secretary concerned may use an existing award to carry out 
     such program.
       (c) Presentation and Acceptance.--Any medal or commendation 
     awarded pursuant to a program under subsection (a) may be 
     presented to and accepted by the handler concerned on behalf 
     of the handler and the military working dog concerned.
       (d) Regulations.--Medals and commendations shall be awarded 
     under programs under subsection (a) in accordance with 
     regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for 
     purposes of this section.

     SEC. 583. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE 
                   CROSS TO JUSTIN T. GALLEGOS FOR ACTS OF VALOR 
                   DURING OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM.

       (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
     limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United 
     States Code, or any other time limitations with respect to 
     the awarding of certain medals to persons who served in the 
     Armed Forces, the Secretary of the Army may award the 
     Distinguished-Service Cross under section 3742 of such title 
     to Justin T. Gallegos for the acts of valor described in 
     subsection (b).
       (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to 
     in subsection (a) are the actions of Justin T. Gallegos on 
     October 3, 2009, as a member of the Army in the grade of 
     Staff Sergeant, serving in Afghanistan with the 61st Cavalry 
     Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 591. ANNUAL DEFENSE MANPOWER REQUIREMENTS REPORT 
                   MATTERS.

       (a) Date of Submittal.--Subsection (a) of section 115a of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended in the matter 
     preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``not later than 45 days 
     after the date on which'' and inserting ``on the date on 
     which''.
       (b) Specification of Anticipated Opportunities for 
     Promotion of Commissioned Officers.--Subsection (d) of such 
     section is amended by adding the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) The opportunities for promotion of commissioned 
     officers anticipated to be estimated pursuant to section 
     623(b)(4) of this title for the fiscal year in which such 
     report is submitted for purposes of promotion selection 
     boards convened pursuant to section 611 of this title during 
     such fiscal year.''.

     SEC. 592. BURIAL OF UNCLAIMED REMAINS OF INMATES AT THE 
                   UNITED STATES DISCIPLINARY BARRACKS CEMETERY, 
                   FORT LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS.

       Section 985 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``A person who is 
     ineligible'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and 
     inserting ``Except as provided in subsection (c), a person 
     who is ineligible'';
       (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Unclaimed Remains of Military Prisoners.--Subsection 
     (b) shall not preclude the burial at the United States 
     Disciplinary Barracks Cemetery at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 
     of a military prisoner, including a military prisoner who is 
     a person described in section 2411(b) of title 38, who dies 
     while in custody of a military department and whose remains 
     are not claimed by the person authorized to direct 
     disposition of the remains or by other persons legally 
     authorized to dispose of the remains.''.

     SEC. 593. STANDARDIZATION OF FREQUENCY OF ACADEMY VISITS OF 
                   THE AIR FORCE ACADEMY BOARD OF VISITORS WITH 
                   ACADEMY VISITS OF BOARDS OF OTHER MILITARY 
                   SERVICE ACADEMIES.

       Section 9355 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking subsection (d) and inserting the following new 
     subsection:

[[Page H6698]]

       ``(d) The Board shall visit the Academy annually. With the 
     approval of the Secretary of the Air Force, the Board or its 
     members may make other visits to the Academy in connection 
     with the duties of the Board or to consult with the 
     Superintendent of the Academy. Board members shall have 
     access to the Academy grounds and the cadets, faculty, staff, 
     and other personnel of the Academy for the purposes of the 
     duties of the Board.''.

     SEC. 594. NATIONAL COMMISSION ON MILITARY, NATIONAL, AND 
                   PUBLIC SERVICE MATTERS.

       (a) Definitions.--Section 551(c) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2130) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting after ``United States 
     Code)'' the following: ``or active status (as that term is 
     defined in subsection (d)(4) of such section)'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking `` `national service' '' and inserting `` 
     `public service' ''; and
       (B) by striking ``or State Government'' and inserting ``, 
     State, Tribal, or local government'';
       (3) in paragraph (3)--
       (A) by striking `` `public service' '' and inserting `` 
     `national service' ''; and
       (B) by striking ``employment'' and inserting 
     ``participation''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) The term `establishment date' means September 19, 
     2017.''.
       (b) Exception to Paperwork Reduction Act.--Section 555(e) 
     of that Act (130 Stat. 2134) is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) Paperwork reduction act.--For purposes of developing 
     its recommendations, the information collection of the 
     Commission may be treated as a pilot project under section 
     3505(a) of title 44, United States Code. In addition, the 
     Commission shall not be subject to the requirements of 
     section 3506(c)(2)(A) of such title.''.

     SEC. 595. PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF TOP-LINE NUMBERS OF DEPLOYED 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall make publicly available, on a 
     quarterly basis, on a website of the Department the top-line 
     numbers of members of the Armed Forces deployed for each 
     country as of the date of the submittal of the report and the 
     total number of members of the Armed Forces so deployed 
     during the quarter covered by the report.
       (b) Waiver.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary may waive the requirement 
     under subsection (a) in the case of a sensitive military 
     operation if--
       (A) the Secretary determines the public disclosure of the 
     number of deployed members of the Armed Forces could 
     reasonably be expected to provide an operational military 
     advantage to an adversary; or
       (B) members of the Armed Forces are deployed for a period 
     that does not exceed 30 days.
       (2) Notice.-- If the Secretary issues a waiver under this 
     subsection, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives--
       (A) a notice of the waiver; and
       (B) the reasons for the determination to issue the waiver.
       (c) Sensitive Military Operation Defined.--The term 
     ``sensitive military operation'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 130f(d) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 596. REPORT ON GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICER COSTS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than nine months after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on general and flag officer costs.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include cost estimates for direct and indirect costs 
     associated with general and flag officers generally and for 
     specific positions in accordance with the recommendations of 
     the report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Office 
     of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation titled ``Defining 
     General and Flag Officer Costs'' dated December 2017, 
     including--
       (1) direct compensation for all general and flag officers 
     and for specific general and flag officer positions, using 
     the full cost of manpower model to estimate where possible;
       (2) personal money allowances for positions that receive an 
     allowance;
       (3) deferred compensation and health care costs for all 
     general and flag officers and for specific general and flag 
     officer positions;
       (4) costs associated with providing security details for 
     specific general and flag officer positions that merit 
     continuous security;
       (5) costs associated with Government and commercial travel 
     for general and flag officers who qualify for tier one or two 
     travel, including commercial travel costs using defense 
     travel system data;
       (6) general flag officer per diems for specific positions, 
     based on average travel per diem costs;
       (7) costs for enlisted and officer aide housing for general 
     and flag officers generally and for specific general and flag 
     officer positions, including basic housing assistance costs 
     for staff;
       (8) on a case-by-case basis, costs associated with enlisted 
     and officer aide travel, taking into consideration the cost 
     of data collection;
       (9) costs associated with additional support staff for 
     general and flag officers and their travel, equipment, and 
     per diem costs for all general and flag officers and specific 
     general and flag officer positions based on the average 
     numbers per general or flag officer and estimations using the 
     full cost of manpower model;
       (10) costs associated with the upkeep and maintenance of 
     official residences not captured by basic housing assistance; 
     and
       (11) costs associated with training for general and flag 
     officers generally and specific general and flag officer 
     positions using estimations from the full cost of manpower 
     model.

     SEC. 597. STUDY ON ACTIVE SERVICE OBLIGATIONS FOR MEDICAL 
                   TRAINING WITH OTHER SERVICE OBLIGATIONS FOR 
                   EDUCATION OR TRAINING AND HEALTH PROFESSIONAL 
                   RECRUITING.

       (a) Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and House of Representatives a briefing and report 
     on the effects of consecutive service on active duty service 
     obligations for medical training as they relate to other 
     service obligations for education or training.
       (b) Matters Included.--The briefing and report under 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) The extent to which consecutive active duty service 
     obligations for medical education and training may affect 
     recruiting and retention of health professionals in the 
     military health system.
       (2) The extent to which the military departments and the 
     Department of Defense use incentive pay authority to recruit 
     and retain health professionals.
       (3) The extent to which the military departments and the 
     Department of Defense consider geographic location and 
     competition in the civilian health professional marketplace 
     when developing incentive pay and competitive salaries.
       (4) A comparison of salaries for--
       (A) military physicians and dentists with critical medical 
     and dental skills; and
       (B) civilian physicians and dentists with comparable 
     skills.
       (5) The extent to which consecutive service obligations may 
     result in unintended consequences relating to--
       (A) general medical officers;
       (B) residency training;
       (C) enrollment at the Uniformed Services University; and
       (D) other matters related to consecutive service 
     obligations on medical training.
       (6) Any other matter the Comptroller General determines is 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 598. CRITERIA FOR INTERMENT AT ARLINGTON NATIONAL 
                   CEMETERY.

       (a) Criteria.--The Secretary of the Army, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of Defense, shall prescribe revised 
     criteria for interment at Arlington National Cemetery that 
     preserve Arlington National Cemetery as an active burial 
     ground ``well into the future,'' as that term is used in the 
     report submitted by the Secretary of the Army to the 
     Committees on Veterans' Affairs and the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate, 
     dated February 14, 2017, and titled ``The Future of Arlington 
     National Cemetery: Report on the Cemetery's Interment and 
     Inurnment Capacity 2017''.
       (b) Deadline.--The Secretary of the Army shall establish 
     the criteria under subsection (a) not later than September 
     30, 2019.

     SEC. 599. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS PENDING SUBMITTAL OF 
                   REPORT ON ARMY MARKETING AND ADVERTISING 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army shall submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives a report on the recommendations contained in 
     the audit conducted by the Army Audit Agency of the Army's 
     Marketing and Advertising Program concerning contract 
     oversight and return on investment.
       (2) Contents.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     address each of the following:
       (A) The mitigation and oversight measures implemented to 
     assure improved program return and contract management 
     including the establishment of specific goals to measure 
     long-term effects of investments in marketing efforts.
       (B) The establishment of a review process to regularly 
     evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of marketing 
     efforts including efforts to better support the accessions 
     missions of the Army.
       (C) The increase of acquisition and marketing experience 
     within the Army Marketing and Research Group (hereafter in 
     this section referred to as the ``AMRG'').
       (D) A workforce analysis of the AMRG in cooperation with 
     the Office of Personnel Management and industry experts 
     assessing the AMRG organizational structure, staffing, and 
     training, including an assessment of the workplace climate 
     and culture internal to the AMRG.
       (E) The establishment of an Army Marketing and Advisory 
     Board comprised of senior Army and marketing and advertising 
     leaders and an assessment of industry and service marketing 
     and advertising best practices, including a plan to 
     incorporate relevant practices.
       (F) The status of the implementation of contracting 
     practices recommended by the Army Audit Agency's audit of 
     contracting oversight of the AMRG contained in Audit Report 
     A-2018-0033-MTH.
       (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Not more than 60 percent 
     of the amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise 
     made available in this Act for the AMRG for fiscal year 2019 
     for advertising and marketing activities may be obligated or 
     expended until the Secretary of the Army submits the report 
     required by subsection (a).
       (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 90 days 
     after the date of the submittal of the report required by 
     subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall conduct a review of the results and implementation of 
     the recommendations of the Army Audit Agency Audits of the 
     AMRG on contract oversight and return on investment. Such 
     review shall include an assessment of the effects of the

[[Page H6699]]

     implementation of the recommendations on the AMRG leadership, 
     workforce and business practices, and return on investment.

     SEC. 600. PROOF OF PERIOD OF MILITARY SERVICE FOR PURPOSES OF 
                   INTEREST RATE LIMITATION UNDER THE 
                   SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

       Section 207(b)(1) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act 
     (50 U.S.C. 3937(b)(1)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(1) Proof of military service.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of a servicemember's termination or release from military 
     service, in order for an obligation or liability of the 
     servicemember to be subject to the interest rate limitation 
     in subsection (a), the servicemember shall provide to the 
     creditor written notice and a copy of--
       ``(i) the military orders calling the servicemember to 
     military service and any orders further extending military 
     service; or
       ``(ii) any other appropriate indicator of military service, 
     including a certified letter from a commanding officer.
       ``(B) Independent verification by creditor.--
       ``(i) In general.--A creditor may use, in lieu of notice 
     and documentation under subparagraph (A), information 
     retrieved from the Defense Manpower Data Center through the 
     creditor's normal business reviews of such Center for 
     purposes of obtaining information indicating that the 
     servicemember is on active duty.
       ``(ii) Safe harbor.--A creditor that uses the information 
     retrieved from the Defense Manpower Data Center under clause 
     (i) with respect to a servicemember has not failed to treat 
     the debt of the servicemember in accordance with subsection 
     (a) if--

       ``(I) such information indicates that, on the date the 
     creditor retrieves such information, the servicemember is not 
     on active duty; and
       ``(II) the creditor has not, by the end of the 180-day 
     period under subparagraph (A), received the written notice 
     and documentation required under that subparagraph with 
     respect to the servicemember.''.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Repeal of authority for payment of personal money allowances 
              to Navy officers serving in certain positions.
Sec. 602. Eligibility of reserve component members for high-deployment 
              allowance for lengthy or numerous deployments and 
              frequent mobilizations.
Sec. 603. Prohibition on per diem allowance reductions based on the 
              duration of temporary duty assignment or civilian travel.
Sec. 604. Extension of parking expenses allowance to civilian employees 
              at recruiting facilities.
Sec. 605. Eligibility of reserve component members for nonreduction in 
              pay while serving in the uniformed services or National 
              Guard.
Sec. 606. Military Housing Privatization Initiative.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
              authorities.
Sec. 612. Report on imminent danger pay and hostile fire pay.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 621. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
              privileges to certain veterans and their caregivers.
Sec. 622. Technical corrections in calculation and publication of 
              special survivor indemnity allowance cost of living 
              adjustments.
Sec. 623. Authority to award damaged personal protective equipment to 
              members separating from the Armed Forces and veterans as 
              mementos of military service.
Sec. 624. Space-available travel on Department of Defense aircraft for 
              veterans with service-connected disabilities rated as 
              total.
Sec. 625. Mandatory increase in insurance coverage under 
              Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance for members deployed 
              to combat theaters of operation.
Sec. 626. Access to military installations for certain surviving 
              spouses and other next of kin of members of the Armed 
              Forces who die while on active duty or certain reserve 
              duty.
Sec. 627. Study and report on development of a single defense resale 
              system.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

     SEC. 601. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY FOR PAYMENT OF PERSONAL MONEY 
                   ALLOWANCES TO NAVY OFFICERS SERVING IN CERTAIN 
                   POSITIONS.

       (a) Repeal.--Section 414 of title 37, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (b); and
       (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on December 31, 2018, and shall apply with 
     respect to personal money allowances payable under section 
     414 of title 37, United States Code, for years beginning 
     after that date.

     SEC. 602. ELIGIBILITY OF RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS FOR HIGH-
                   DEPLOYMENT ALLOWANCE FOR LENGTHY OR NUMEROUS 
                   DEPLOYMENTS AND FREQUENT MOBILIZATIONS.

       Section 436(a)(2)(C)(ii) of title 37, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting ``section 12304b of title 10 or'' 
     after ``under'' the first place it appears.

     SEC. 603. PROHIBITION ON PER DIEM ALLOWANCE REDUCTIONS BASED 
                   ON THE DURATION OF TEMPORARY DUTY ASSIGNMENT OR 
                   CIVILIAN TRAVEL.

       (a) Members.--Section 474(d)(3) of title 37, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     sentence: ``The Secretary of a military department shall not 
     alter the amount of the per diem allowance, or the maximum 
     amount of reimbursement, for a locality based on the duration 
     of the temporary duty assignment in the locality of a member 
     of the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary.''.
       (b) Civilian Employees.--Section 5702(a)(2) of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new sentence: ``The Secretary of Defense shall not 
     alter the amount of the per diem allowance, or the maximum 
     amount of reimbursement, for a locality based on the duration 
     of the travel in the locality of an employee of the 
     Department.''.
       (c) Repeals.--
       (1) Existing policy and regulations.--The policy, and any 
     regulations issued pursuant to such policy, implemented by 
     the Secretary of Defense on November 1, 2014, with respect to 
     reductions in per diem allowances based on duration of 
     temporary duty assignment or civilian travel shall have no 
     force or effect.
       (2) Attempted statutory fix.--Section 672 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328; 37 U.S.C. 474 note; 130 Stat. 2178) is repealed.

     SEC. 604. EXTENSION OF PARKING EXPENSES ALLOWANCE TO CIVILIAN 
                   EMPLOYEES AT RECRUITING FACILITIES.

       Section 481i(b)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``as a recruiter for any'' and inserting 
     ``at a recruiting facility''.

     SEC. 605. ELIGIBILITY OF RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS FOR 
                   NONREDUCTION IN PAY WHILE SERVING IN THE 
                   UNIFORMED SERVICES OR NATIONAL GUARD.

       Section 5538(a) of title 5, United States Code, is amended 
     in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by inserting ``section 
     12304b of title 10 or'' after ``under''.

     SEC. 606. MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION INITIATIVE.

       (a) Payment Authority.--Each month beginning on the first 
     month after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary shall pay a lessor of covered housing 5 percent of 
     the amount calculated under section 403(b)(3)(A)(i) of title 
     37, United States Code, for the area in which the covered 
     housing exists. Any such payment shall be in addition to any 
     other payment made by the Secretary to that lessor.
       (b) Plan for MHPI Housing.--Not later than December 1, 
     2018, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a long-range plan to develop measures to 
     consistently address the future sustainment, 
     recapitalization, and financial condition of MHPI housing. 
     The plan shall include--
       (1) efforts to mitigate the losses incurred by MHPI housing 
     projects because of the reductions to BAH under section 603 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2016 (Public Law 114-92; 37 U.S.C. 403(b)(3)(B)); and
       (2) a full assessment of the effects of such reductions (in 
     relation to calculations of market rates for rent and 
     utilities) on the financial condition of MHPI housing.
       (c) Reporting.--The Secretary shall direct the Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
     Environment to take the following steps regarding reports 
     under section 2884(c) of title 10, United States Code:
       (1) Provide additional contextual information on MHPI 
     housing to identify any differences in the calculation of 
     debt coverage ratios and any effect of such differences on 
     their comparability.
       (2) Immediately resume issuing such reports on the 
     financial condition of MHPI housing.
       (3) Revise Department of Defense guidance on MHPI housing--
       (A) to ensure that relevant financial data (such as debt 
     coverage ratios) in such reports are consistent and 
     comparable in terms of the time periods of the data 
     collected;
       (B) to include a requirement that the secretary of each 
     military department includes measures of future sustainment 
     into each assessments of MHPI housing projects; and
       (C) to require the secretary of each military department to 
     define risk tolerance regarding the future sustainability of 
     MHPI housing projects.
       (4) Report financial information on future sustainment of 
     each MHPI housing project in such reports.
       (5) Provide Department of Defense guidance to the 
     secretaries of the military departments to--
       (A) assess the significance of the specific risks to 
     individual MHPI housing projects from the reduction in BAH; 
     and
       (B) identify methods to mitigate such risks based on their 
     significance.
       (6) Not later than December 1, 2018, finalize Department of 
     Defense guidance that clearly defines--
       (A) the circumstances in which the military departments 
     shall provide notification of housing project changes to the 
     congressional defense committees; and
       (B) which types of such changes require prior notification 
     to or prior approval from the congressional defense 
     committees.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``BAH'' means the basic allowance for housing 
     under section 403 of title 37, United States Code.
       (2) The term ``covered housing'' means a unit of MHPI 
     housing that is leased to a member of a uniformed service who 
     resides in such unit.

[[Page H6700]]

       (3) The term ``MHPI housing'' means housing acquired or 
     constructed under the alternative authority of subchapter IV 
     of chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code (known as the 
     Military Housing Privatization Initiative) on or before 
     September 30, 2014.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

     SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND 
                   SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.

       (a) Authorities Relating to Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) 
     of title 37, United States Code, relating to income 
     replacement payments for reserve component members 
     experiencing extended and frequent mobilization for active 
     duty service, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.
       (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care 
     Professionals.--The following sections of title 10, United 
     States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2019'':
       (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
     candidate accession program.
       (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
     loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
     Selected Reserve.
       (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 
     333(i) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2019''.
       (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special 
     Pay, Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following 
     sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2019'':
       (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
     enlisted members.
       (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
     officers.
       (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
     pay and bonus authorities for officers.
       (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
     pay authorities for officers in health professions.
       (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
     cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps.
       (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
       (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
     duty pay.
       (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
     proficiency bonus.
       (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
     members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
     high priority units.
       (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of 
     Basic Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 
     37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
     2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.

     SEC. 612. REPORT ON IMMINENT DANGER PAY AND HOSTILE FIRE PAY.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report examining the current processes for awarding imminent 
     danger pay and hostile fire pay to members of the Armed 
     Forces.
       (b) Elements.--This report under this section shall include 
     the following:
       (1) An analysis of difficulties in implementing the current 
     system.
       (2) An explanation of how geographic regions are selected 
     to be eligible for such pay and the criteria used to define 
     these regions.
       (3) An examination of whether the current geographic model 
     is the most appropriate way to award such pay, including the 
     following:
       (A) A discussion of whether the current model most 
     accurately reflects the realities of modern warfare and is 
     responsive enough to the needs of members.
       (B) Whether the Secretary believes it would be appropriate 
     to tie such pay to specific authorizations for deployments 
     (including deployments of special operations forces) in 
     addition to geographic criteria.
       (C) A description of any change the Secretary would 
     consider to update such pay to reflect the current 
     operational environment.
       (D) How the Secretary would implement each change under 
     subparagraph (C).
       (E) Recommendations of the Secretary for related 
     regulations or legislative action.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

     SEC. 621. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN MORALE, WELFARE, AND 
                   RECREATION PRIVILEGES TO CERTAIN VETERANS AND 
                   THEIR CAREGIVERS.

       (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Purple 
     Heart and Disabled Veterans Equal Access Act of 2018''.
       (b) Commissary Stores and MWR Facilities Privileges for 
     Certain Veterans and Veteran Caregivers.--
       (1) Extension of privileges.--Chapter 54 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1065. Use of commissary stores and MWR facilities: 
       certain veterans and caregivers for veterans

       ``(a) Eligibility of Veterans Awarded the Purple Heart.--A 
     veteran who was awarded the Purple Heart shall be permitted 
     to use commissary stores and MWR facilities on the same basis 
     as a member of the armed forces entitled to retired or 
     retainer pay.
       ``(b) Eligibility of Veterans Who Are Medal of Honor 
     Recipients.--A veteran who is a Medal of Honor recipient 
     shall be permitted to use commissary stores and MWR 
     facilities on the same basis as a member of the armed forces 
     entitled to retired or retainer pay.
       ``(c) Eligibility of Veterans Who Are Former Prisoners of 
     War.--A veteran who is a former prisoner of war shall be 
     permitted to use commissary stores and MWR facilities on the 
     same basis as a member of the armed forces entitled to 
     retired or retainer pay.
       ``(d) Eligibility of Veterans With Service-Connected 
     Disabilities.--A veteran with a service-connected disability 
     shall be permitted to use commissary stores and MWR 
     facilities on the same basis as a member of the armed forces 
     entitled to retired or retainer pay.
       ``(e) Eligibility of Caregivers for Veterans.--A caregiver 
     or family caregiver shall be permitted to use commissary 
     stores and MWR facilities on the same basis as a member of 
     the armed forces entitled to retired or retainer pay.
       ``(f) User Fee Authority.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
     shall prescribe regulations that impose a user fee on 
     individuals who are eligible solely under this section to 
     purchase merchandise at a commissary store or MWR retail 
     facility.
       ``(2) The Secretary shall set the user fee under this 
     subsection at a rate that the Secretary determines will 
     offset any increase in expenses arising from this section 
     borne by the Department of the Treasury on behalf of 
     commissary stores associated with the use of credit or debit 
     cards for customer purchases, including expenses related to 
     card network use and related transaction processing fees.
       ``(3) The Secretary shall deposit funds collected pursuant 
     to a user fee under this subsection in the General Fund of 
     the Treasury.
       ``(4) Any fee under this subsection is in addition to the 
     uniform surcharge under section 2484(d) of this title.
       ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `MWR facilities' includes--
       ``(A) MWR retail facilities, as that term is defined in 
     section 1063(e) of this title; and
       ``(B) military lodging operated by the Department of 
     Defense for the morale, welfare, and recreation of members of 
     the armed forces.
       ``(2) The term `Medal of Honor recipient' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 1074h(c) of this title.
       ``(3) The terms `veteran', `former prisoner of war', and 
     `service-connected' have the meanings given those terms in 
     section 101 of title 38.
       ``(4) The terms `caregiver' and `family caregiver' have the 
     meanings given those terms in section in section 1720G(d) of 
     title 38.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 54 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``1065. Use of commissary stores and MWR facilities: certain veterans 
              and caregivers for veterans.''.
       (3) Effective date.--Section 1065 of title 10, United 
     States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall take effect on 
     January 1, 2020.
       (4) Briefing required.--Not later than October 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a 
     briefing on the plan of the Secretary to implement section 
     1065 of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph 
     (1).

     SEC. 622. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS IN CALCULATION AND 
                   PUBLICATION OF SPECIAL SURVIVOR INDEMNITY 
                   ALLOWANCE COST OF LIVING ADJUSTMENTS.

       (a) Months for Which Adjustment Applicable.--Paragraph (2) 
     of section 1450(m) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (I), by striking ``December'' and 
     inserting ``November''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (J), by striking ``for months during 
     any calendar year after 2018'' and inserting ``for months 
     after November 2018''.
       (b) Cost of Living Adjustment.--Paragraph (6) of such 
     section is amended--
       (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``after 2018'' 
     and inserting ``after november 2018''; and
       (2) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the 
     following new subparagraphs:
       ``(A) In general.--Whenever retired pay is increased for a 
     month under section 1401a of this title (or any other 
     provision of law), the amount of the allowance payable under 
     paragraph (1) for that month shall also be increased.
       ``(B) Amount of increase.--With respect to an eligible 
     survivor of a member of the uniformed services, the increase 
     for a month shall be--
       ``(i) the amount payable pursuant to paragraph (2) for 
     months during the preceding 12-month period; plus
       ``(ii) an amount equal to a percentage of the amount 
     determined pursuant to clause (i), which percentage is the 
     percentage by which the retired pay of the member would have 
     increased for the month, as described in subparagraph (A), if 
     the member was alive (and otherwise entitled to such pay).
       ``(C) Rounding down.--The monthly amount of an allowance 
     payable under this subsection, if not a multiple of $1, shall 
     be rounded to the next lower multiple of $1.
       ``(D) Public notice on amount of allowance payable.--
     Whenever an increase in the amount of the allowance payable 
     under paragraph (1) is made pursuant to this paragraph, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall publish the amount of the 
     allowance so payable by reason of such increase, including 
     the months for which payable.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on December 1, 2018.

     SEC. 623. AUTHORITY TO AWARD DAMAGED PERSONAL PROTECTIVE 
                   EQUIPMENT TO MEMBERS SEPARATING FROM THE ARMED 
                   FORCES AND VETERANS AS MEMENTOS OF MILITARY 
                   SERVICE.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 152 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2568a. Damaged personal protective equipment: award to 
       members separating from the Armed Forces and veterans

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of a military department, 
     acting through a disposition service

[[Page H6701]]

     distribution center of the Defense Logistics Agency, may 
     award to a covered individual the demilitarized PPE of that 
     covered individual. The award of PPE under this section shall 
     be without cost to the covered individual.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `covered individual' means--
       ``(A) a member of the armed forces--
       ``(i) under the jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned; 
     and
       ``(ii) who is separating from the armed forces; or
       ``(B) a veteran who was under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary concerned while a member of the armed forces.
       ``(2) The term `PPE' means personal protective equipment 
     that was damaged in combat or otherwise--
       ``(A) during the deployment of a covered individual; and
       ``(B) after September 11, 2001.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 152 of such title is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new item:

``2568a. Damaged personal protective equipment: award to members 
              separating from the armed forces and veterans.''.

     SEC. 624. SPACE-AVAILABLE TRAVEL ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   AIRCRAFT FOR VETERANS WITH SERVICE-CONNECTED 
                   DISABILITIES RATED AS TOTAL.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (c) of section 2641b of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs 
     (5) and (6), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
     paragraph (4):
       ``(4) Subject to subsection (f), veterans with a permanent 
     service-connected disability rated as total.''.
       (b) Conditions and Limitations.--Such section is further 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Veterans With Service-connected Disabilities Rated as 
     Total.--(1) Travel may not be provided under this section to 
     a veteran eligible for travel pursuant to subsection (c)(4) 
     in priority over any member eligible for travel under 
     subsection (c)(1) or any dependent of such a member eligible 
     for travel under this section.
       ``(2) The authority in subsection (c)(4) may not be 
     construed as affecting or in any way imposing on the 
     Department of Defense, any armed force, or any commercial 
     company with which they contract an obligation or expectation 
     that they will retrofit or alter, in any way, military 
     aircraft or commercial aircraft, or related equipment or 
     facilities, used or leased by the Department or such armed 
     force to accommodate passengers provided travel under such 
     authority on account of disability.
       ``(3) The authority in subsection (c)(4) may not be 
     construed as preempting the authority of a flight commander 
     to determine who boards the aircraft and any other matters in 
     connection with safe operation of the aircraft.''.

     SEC. 625. MANDATORY INCREASE IN INSURANCE COVERAGE UNDER 
                   SERVICEMEMBERS' GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FOR 
                   MEMBERS DEPLOYED TO COMBAT THEATERS OF 
                   OPERATION.

       Section 1967(a)(3) of title 38, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``subparagraphs (B) 
     and (C)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D)''; 
     and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(D) In the case of a member who elects under paragraph 
     (2)(A) not to be insured under this section, or who elects 
     under subparagraph (B) to be insured for an amount less than 
     the maximum amount provided under subparagraph (A), and who 
     is deployed to a combat theater of operations the member--
       ``(i) shall be insured under this subchapter for the 
     maximum amount provided under subparagraph (A) for the period 
     of such deployment; and
       ``(ii) upon the end of such deployment--
       ``(I) shall be insured in the amount elected by the member 
     under subparagraph (B); or
       ``(II) shall not be insured, if so elected under paragraph 
     (2)(A).''.

     SEC. 626. ACCESS TO MILITARY INSTALLATIONS FOR CERTAIN 
                   SURVIVING SPOUSES AND OTHER NEXT OF KIN OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO DIE WHILE ON 
                   ACTIVE DUTY OR CERTAIN RESERVE DUTY.

       (a) Procedures for Access of Surviving Spouses Required.--
     The Secretary of Defense, acting jointly with the Secretary 
     of Homeland Security, shall establish procedures by which an 
     eligible surviving spouse may obtain unescorted access, as 
     appropriate, to military installations in order to receive 
     benefits to which the eligible surviving spouse may be 
     entitled by law or policy.
       (b) Procedures for Access of Next of Kin Authorized.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting jointly 
     with the Secretary of Homeland Security, may establish 
     procedures by which the next of kin of a covered member of 
     the Armed Forces, in addition to an eligible surviving 
     spouse, may obtain access to military installations for such 
     purposes and under such conditions as the Secretaries jointly 
     consider appropriate.
       (2) Next of kin.--If the Secretaries establish procedures 
     pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretaries shall jointly 
     specify the individuals who shall constitute next of kin for 
     purposes of such procedures.
       (c) Considerations.--Any procedures established under this 
     section shall--
       (1) be applied consistently across the Department of 
     Defense and the Department of Homeland Security, including 
     all components of the Departments;
       (2) minimize any administrative burden on a surviving 
     spouse or dependent child, including through the elimination 
     of any requirement for a surviving spouse to apply as a 
     personal agent for continued access to military installations 
     in accompaniment of a dependent child;
       (3) take into account measures required to ensure the 
     security of military installations, including purpose and 
     eligibility for access and renewal periodicity; and
       (4) take into account such other factors as the Secretary 
     of Defense or the Secretary of Homeland Security considers 
     appropriate.
       (d) Deadline.--The procedures required by subsection (a) 
     shall be established by the date that is not later than one 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``eligible surviving spouse'' means an 
     individual who is a surviving spouse of a covered member of 
     the Armed Forces, without regard to whether the individual 
     remarries after the death of the covered member of the Armed 
     Forces.
       (2) The term ``covered member of the Armed Forces'' means a 
     member of the Armed Forces who dies while serving--
       (A) on active duty; or
       (B) on such reserve duty as the Secretary of Defense and 
     the Secretary of Homeland Security may jointly specify for 
     purposes of this section.

     SEC. 627. STUDY AND REPORT ON DEVELOPMENT OF A SINGLE DEFENSE 
                   RESALE SYSTEM.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
     to determine the feasibility of consolidating the military 
     resale entities into a single defense resale system. Such 
     study shall include the following:
       (1) A financial assessment of consolidation of the military 
     resale entities.
       (2) A business case analysis of consolidation of the 
     military resale entities.
       (3) Organizational, operational, and business model 
     integration plans for consolidation of the military resale 
     entities.
       (4) Determinations of which back-office processes and 
     systems associated with finance and payment processing 
     technologies the Secretary could convert to common 
     technologies.
       (b) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2019, the Secretary 
     shall submit a report to the congressional defense committees 
     regarding the study under subsection (a). That report shall 
     contain the following:
       (1) Details of the internal and external organizational 
     structures of a consolidated defense resale system.
       (2) Recommendations of the Secretaries of each of the 
     military departments regarding the plan to consolidate the 
     military resale entities.
       (3) The costs and associated plan for the merger of 
     technologies or implementation of new technology from a 
     third-party provider to standardize financial management and 
     accounting processes of a consolidated defense resale system.
       (4) Best practices to maximize reductions in costs 
     associated with back-office retail payment processing for a 
     consolidated defense resale system.
       (5) A timeline for converting the Defense Commissary Agency 
     into a non-appropriated fund instrumentality under section 
     2484(j) of title 10, United States Code.
       (6) A determination whether the business case analysis 
     supports consolidation of the military resale entities.
       (7) Recommendations of the Secretary for legislation 
     related to consolidation of the military resale entities.
       (8) Other elements the Secretary determines are necessary 
     for a successful evaluation of a consolidation of the 
     military resale entities.
       (c) Prohibition on Use of Funds.--None of the amounts 
     authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available in 
     this Act may be obligated or expended for the purpose of 
     implementing consolidation of the military resale entities 
     until October 1, 2019.
       (d) Military Resale Entities Defined.--In this section the 
     term ``military resale entities'' means--
       (1) the Defense Commissary Agency;
       (2) the Army and Air Force Exchange Service;
       (3) the Navy Exchange; and
       (4) the Marine Corps Exchange.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Cessation of requirement for mental health assessment of 
              members after redeployment from a contingency operation 
              upon discharge or release from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 702. Pilot program on treatment of members of the Armed Forces for 
              post-traumatic stress disorder related to military sexual 
              trauma.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Improvement of administration of the Defense Health Agency 
              and military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 712. Organizational framework of the military healthcare system to 
              support the medical requirements of the combatant 
              commands.
Sec. 713. Administration of TRICARE dental plans through the Federal 
              Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
Sec. 714. Streamlining of TRICARE Prime beneficiary referral process.

[[Page H6702]]

Sec. 715. Sharing of information with State prescription drug 
              monitoring programs.
Sec. 716. Pilot program on opioid management in the military health 
              system.
Sec. 717. Wounded warrior policy review.
Sec. 718. Medical simulation technology and live tissue training within 
              the Department of Defense.
Sec. 719. Improvements to trauma center partnerships.
Sec. 720. Improvement to notification to Congress of hospitalization of 
              combat-wounded members of the Armed Forces.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
              Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
              Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 732. Joint forces medical capabilities development and 
              standardization.
Sec. 733. Inclusion of gambling disorder in health assessments of 
              members of the Armed Forces and related research efforts.
Sec. 734. Report on requirement for certain former members of the Armed 
              Forces to enroll in Medicare Part B to be eligible for 
              TRICARE for Life.
Sec. 735. Pilot program on earning by special operations forces medics 
              of credit toward a physician assistant degree.
Sec. 736. Strategic medical research plan.
Sec. 737. Comptroller General of the United States review of Defense 
              Health Agency oversight of transition between managed 
              care support contractors for the TRICARE program.
Sec. 738. Comptroller General study on availability of long-term care 
              options for veterans from Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 739. Increase in number of appointed members of the Henry M. 
              Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military 
              Medicine.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

     SEC. 701. CESSATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR MENTAL HEALTH 
                   ASSESSMENT OF MEMBERS AFTER REDEPLOYMENT FROM A 
                   CONTINGENCY OPERATION UPON DISCHARGE OR RELEASE 
                   FROM THE ARMED FORCES.

       Section 1074m of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1)(C), by striking ``Once'' and 
     inserting ``Subject to subsection (d), once''; and
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``subsection (a)(1)(D)'' 
     and inserting ``subparagraph (C) or (D) of subsection 
     (a)(1)''.

     SEC. 702. PILOT PROGRAM ON TREATMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES FOR POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER 
                   RELATED TO MILITARY SEXUAL TRAUMA.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
     pilot program to assess the feasibility and advisability of 
     using intensive outpatient programs to treat members of the 
     Armed Forces suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder 
     resulting from military sexual trauma, including treatment 
     for substance abuse, depression, and other issues related to 
     such conditions.
       (b) Discharge Through Partnerships.--The pilot program 
     authorized by subsection (a) shall be carried out through 
     partnerships with public, private, and non-profit health care 
     organizations, universities, and institutions that--
       (1) provide health care to members of the Armed Forces;
       (2) provide evidence-based treatment for psychological and 
     neurological conditions that are common among members of the 
     Armed Forces, including post-traumatic stress disorder, 
     traumatic brain injury, substance abuse, and depression;
       (3) provide health care, support, and other benefits to 
     family members of members of the Armed Forces; and
       (4) provide health care under the TRICARE program (as that 
     term is defined in section 1072 of title 10, United States 
     Code).
       (c) Program Activities.--Each organization or institution 
     that participates in a partnership under the pilot program 
     authorized by subsection (a) shall--
       (1) carry out intensive outpatient programs of short 
     duration to treat members of the Armed Forces suffering from 
     post-traumatic stress disorder resulting from military sexual 
     trauma, including treatment for substance abuse, depression, 
     and other issues related to such conditions;
       (2) use evidence-based and evidence-informed treatment 
     strategies in carrying out such programs;
       (3) share clinical and outreach best practices with other 
     organizations and institutions participating in the pilot 
     program; and
       (4) annually assess outcomes for members of the Armed 
     Forces individually and among the organizations and 
     institutions participating in the pilot program with respect 
     to the treatment of conditions described in paragraph (1).
       (d) Evaluation Metrics.--Before commencement of the pilot 
     program, the Secretary shall establish metrics to be used to 
     evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot program and the 
     activities under the pilot program.
       (e) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
     of Representatives a report on the pilot program authorized 
     by subsection (a). The report shall include a description of 
     the pilot program and such other matters on the pilot program 
     as the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     cessation of the pilot program under subsection (f), the 
     Secretary shall submit to the committees of Congress referred 
     to in paragraph (1) a report on the pilot program. The report 
     shall include the following:
       (A) A description of the pilot program, including the 
     partnerships under the pilot program as described in 
     subsection (b).
       (B) An assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot program 
     and the activities under the pilot program.
       (C) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
     pilot program, including recommendations for extension or 
     making permanent the authority for the pilot program.
       (f) Termination.--The Secretary may not carry out the pilot 
     program authorized by subsection (a) after the date that is 
     three years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

     SEC. 711. IMPROVEMENT OF ADMINISTRATION OF THE DEFENSE HEALTH 
                   AGENCY AND MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
                   FACILITIES.

       (a) Administration of Facilities by Director of Defense 
     Health Agency.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (a) of section 1073c of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Beginning October 1, 
     2018,'' and inserting ``In accordance with paragraph (4), by 
     not later than September 30, 2021,'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
     (3) and (5), respectively;
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph (2):
       ``(2) In addition to the responsibilities set forth in 
     paragraph (1), the Director of the Defense Health Agency 
     shall, commencing when the Director begins to exercise 
     responsibilities under that paragraph, have the authority--
       ``(A) to direct, control, and serve as the primary rater of 
     the performance of commanders or directors of military 
     medical treatment facilities;
       ``(B) to direct and control any intermediary organizations 
     between the Defense Health Agency and military medical 
     treatment facilities;
       ``(C) to determine the scope of medical care provided at 
     each military medical treatment facility to meet the military 
     personnel readiness requirements of the senior military 
     operational commander of the military installation;
       ``(D) to determine total workforce requirements at each 
     military medical treatment facility;
       ``(E) to direct joint manning at military medical treatment 
     facilities and intermediary organizations;
       ``(F) to address personnel staffing shortages at military 
     medical treatment facilities; and
       ``(G) to select among service nominations for commanders or 
     directors of military medical treatment facilities.'';
       (D) by inserting after paragraph (3), as redesignated by 
     subparagraph (B), the following new paragraph (4):
       ``(4) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a timeline 
     to ensure that each Secretary of a military department 
     transitions the administration of military medical treatment 
     facilities from such Secretary to the Director of the Defense 
     Health Agency pursuant to paragraph (1) by the date specified 
     in such paragraph.''; and
       (E) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``subsection (a)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) and (2)''.
       (2) Combat support responsibilities.--Subsection (d)(2) of 
     such section is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subparagraph:
       ``(C) Ensuring that the Defense Health Agency meets the 
     military medical readiness requirements of the senior 
     military operational commanders of the military 
     installations.''.
       (3) Limitation on closures and downsizings in connection 
     with transition of administration.--In carrying out the 
     transition of responsibility for the administration of 
     military medical treatment facilities pursuant to subsection 
     (a) of section 1073c of title 10, United States Code (as 
     amended by paragraph (1)), and in addition to any other 
     applicable requirements under section 1073d of that title, 
     the Secretary of Defense may not close any military medical 
     treatment facility, or downsize any medical center, hospital, 
     or ambulatory care center (as specified in section 1073d of 
     that title), that addresses the medical needs of 
     beneficiaries and the community in the vicinity of such 
     facility, center, hospital, or care center until the 
     Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees a 
     report setting forth the following:
       (A) A description of the methodology and criteria to be 
     used by the Secretary to make decisions to close any military 
     medical treatment facility, or to downsize any medical 
     center, hospital, or ambulatory care center, in connection 
     with the transition, including input from the military 
     department concerned.
       (B) A requirement that no closure of a military medical 
     treatment facility, or downsizing of a medical center, 
     hospital, or ambulatory care center, in connection with the 
     transition will occur until 90 days after the date on which 
     Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     closure or downsizing.
       (b) Additional Defense Health Agency Organizations.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1073c of such title is further 
     amended--
       (A) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and

[[Page H6703]]

       (B) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
     subsection (e):
       ``(e) Additional DHA Organizations.--Not later than 
     September 30, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
     though the Director of the Defense Health Agency, establish 
     within the Defense Health Agency the following:
       ``(1) A subordinate organization, to be called the Defense 
     Health Agency Research and Development--
       ``(A) led, at the election of the Director, by a director 
     or commander (to be called the Director or Commander of 
     Defense Health Agency Research and Development);
       ``(B) comprised of the Army Medical Research and Materiel 
     Command and such other medical research organizations and 
     activities of the armed forces as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate; and
       ``(C) responsible for coordinating funding for Defense 
     Health Program Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, 
     the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program, and 
     related Department of Defense medical research.
       ``(2) A subordinate organization, to be called the Defense 
     Health Agency Public Health--
       ``(A) led, at the election of the Director, by a director 
     or commander (to be called the Director or Commander of 
     Defense Health Agency Public Health); and
       ``(B) comprised of the Army Public Health Command, the 
     Navy-Marine Corps Public Health Command, Air Force public 
     health programs, and any other related defense health 
     activities that the Secretary considers appropriate, 
     including overseas laboratories focused on preventive 
     medicine, environmental health, and similar matters.''.
       (2) Report on feasibility of further additional 
     organization in dha.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report on a study, conducted 
     by the Secretary for purposes of the report, of the 
     feasibility of establishing with the Defense Health Agency a 
     subordinate organization, to be called the Defense Health 
     Agency Education and Training, to be led by the President of 
     the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and 
     to be comprised of the current Medical Education and Training 
     Campus, the Uniformed Services University of the Health 
     Sciences, the medical education and training commands of the 
     Armed Forces, and such other elements, facilities, and 
     commands of the Department of Defense as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (c) Report on Feasibility of Superseding Organization for 
     DHA.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than 270 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on a study, 
     conducted by the Secretary for purposes of the report, of the 
     feasibility of establishing a command, to be called the 
     Defense Health Command, as a superseding organization to the 
     Defense Health Agency.
       (2) Elements.--If the Secretary determines in the report 
     under paragraph (1) that a command as a superseding 
     organization to the Defense Health Agency is feasible, the 
     report shall include the following:
       (A) A description of the required responsibilities of the 
     commander of the command.
       (B) A description of any current organizations that support 
     the Defense Health Agency to be included in the command.
       (C) A description of any authorities required for the 
     leadership and direction of the command.
       (D) Any other matters in the connection with the 
     establishment, operations, and activities of the command that 
     the Secretary considers appropriate.

     SEC. 712. ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK OF THE MILITARY HEALTHCARE 
                   SYSTEM TO SUPPORT THE MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS OF 
                   THE COMBATANT COMMANDS.

       (a) Organizational Framework Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
     through the Director of the Defense Health Agency, implement 
     an organizational framework for the military healthcare 
     system that most effectively implements chapter 55 of title 
     10, United States Code, in a manner that maximizes 
     interoperability and fully integrates medical capabilities of 
     the Armed Forces in order to enhance joint military medical 
     operations in support of requirements of the combatant 
     commands.
       (2) Compliance with certain requirements.--The 
     organizational framework, as implemented, shall comply with 
     all requirements of section 1073c of title 10, United States 
     Code, except for the implementation date specified in 
     subsection (a) of such section.
       (b) Defense Health Regions in CONUS.--The organizational 
     framework required by subsection (a) shall meet the 
     requirements as follows:
       (1) Defense health regions.--There shall be not more than 
     two defense health regions in the continental United States.
       (2) Leaders.--Each region under paragraph (1) shall be led 
     by a commander or director who is a member of the Armed 
     Forces serving in a grade not higher than major general or 
     rear admiral, and who--
       (A) shall be selected by the Director of the Defense Health 
     Agency from among members of the Armed Forces recommended by 
     the Secretaries of the military departments for service in 
     such position; and
       (B) shall be under the authority, direction, and control of 
     the Director while serving in such position.
       (c) Defense Health Regions OCONUS.--The organizational 
     framework required by subsection (a) shall provide for the 
     establishment of not more than two defense health regions 
     outside the continental United States in order--
       (1) to enhance joint military medical operations in support 
     of the requirements of the combatant commands in such region 
     or regions, with a specific focus on current and future 
     contingency and operational plans;
       (2) to ensure the provision of high-quality healthcare 
     services to beneficiaries; and
       (3) to improve the interoperability of healthcare delivery 
     systems in the defense health regions (whether under this 
     subsection, subsection (b), or both).
       (d) Planning and Coordination.--
       (1) Sustainment of clinical competencies and staffing.--The 
     Director of the Defense Health Agency shall--
       (A) provide in each defense health region under this 
     section healthcare delivery venues for uniformed medical and 
     dental personnel to obtain operational clinical competencies; 
     and
       (B) coordinate with the military departments to ensure that 
     staffing at military medical treatment facilities in each 
     region supports readiness requirements for members of the 
     Armed Forces and military medical personnel.
       (2) Oversight and allocation of resources.--
       (A) In general.--The Director shall, consistent with 
     section 193 of title 10, United States Code, coordinate with 
     the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, through the Joint 
     Staff Surgeon, to conduct oversight and direct resources to 
     support requirements related to readiness and operational 
     medicine support that are validated by the Joint Staff.
       (B) Supply and demand for medical services.--Based on 
     operational medical force readiness requirements of the 
     combatant commands validated by the Joint Staff, the Director 
     shall--
       (i) validate supply and demand requirements for medical and 
     dental services at each military medical treatment facility;
       (ii) in coordination with the Surgeons General of the Armed 
     Forces, provide currency workload for uniformed medical and 
     dental personnel at each such facility to maintain skills 
     proficiency; and
       (iii) if workload is insufficient to meet requirements, 
     identify alternative training and clinical practice sites for 
     uniformed medical and dental personnel, and establish 
     military-civilian training partnerships, to provide such 
     workload.
       (e) Additional Duties of Surgeons General of the Armed 
     Forces.--
       (1) In general.--The Surgeons General of the Armed Forces 
     shall have the duties as follows:
       (A) To assign uniformed medical and dental personnel of the 
     military department concerned to military medical treatment 
     facilities for training activities specific to such military 
     department and for operational and training missions, during 
     which assignment such personnel shall be under the 
     operational control of the commander or director of the 
     military medical treatment facility concerned, subject to the 
     authority, direction, and control of the Director of the 
     Defense Health Agency.
       (B) To ensure the readiness for operational deployment of 
     medical and dental personnel and deployable medical or dental 
     teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
       (C) To provide logistical support for operational 
     deployment of medical and dental personnel and deployable 
     medical or dental teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed 
     Forces concerned.
       (D) To oversee mobilization and demobilization in 
     connection with the operational deployment of medical and 
     dental personnel of the Armed Force or Armed Forces 
     concerned.
       (E) To carry out operational medical and dental force 
     development for the military department concerned.
       (F) In coordination with the Secretary concerned, to ensure 
     that the operational medical force readiness organizations of 
     the Armed Forces support the medical and dental readiness 
     responsibilities of the Director.
       (G) To develop operational medical capabilities required to 
     support the warfighter, and to develop policy relating to 
     such capabilities.
       (H) To provide health professionals to serve in leadership 
     positions across the military healthcare system.
       (2) Medical force requirements of the combatant commands.--
     The Surgeon General of each Armed Force shall, on behalf of 
     the Secretary concerned, ensure that the uniformed medical 
     and dental personnel serving in such Armed Force receive 
     training and clinical practice opportunities necessary to 
     ensure that such personnel are capable of meeting the 
     operational medical force requirements of the combatant 
     commands applicable to such personnel. Such training and 
     practice opportunities shall be provided through programs and 
     activities of the Defense Health Agency and by such other 
     mechanisms as the Secretary of Defense shall designate for 
     purposes of this paragraph.
       (3) Construction of duties.--The duties of a Surgeon 
     General of the Armed Forces under this subsection are in 
     addition to the duties of such Surgeon General under section 
     3036, 5137, or 8036 of title 10, United States Code, as 
     applicable.
       (f) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report that sets forth the 
     following:
       (1) A description of the organizational structure of the 
     office of each Surgeon General of the Armed Forces, and of 
     any subordinate organizations of the Armed Forces that will 
     support the functions and responsibilities of a Surgeon 
     General of the Armed Forces.
       (2) The manning documents for staffing in support of the 
     organizational structures described pursuant to paragraph 
     (1), including

[[Page H6704]]

     manning levels before and after such organizational 
     structures are implemented.
       (3) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Secretary considers appropriate in connection 
     with the implementation of such organizational structures 
     and, in particular, to avoid duplication of functions and 
     tasks between the organizations in such organizational 
     structures and the Defense Health Agency.

     SEC. 713. ADMINISTRATION OF TRICARE DENTAL PLANS THROUGH THE 
                   FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION INSURANCE 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Eligibility of Additional Beneficiaries Under Federal 
     Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.--Section 
     8951(8) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``1076c'' and inserting ``1076a or 1076c''.
       (b) Administration of TRICARE Dental Plans.--Subsection (b) 
     of section 1076a of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     to read as follows:
       ``(b) Administration of Plans.--The plans established under 
     this section shall be administered by the Secretary of 
     Defense through an agreement with the Director of the Office 
     of Personnel Management to allow persons described in 
     subsection (a) to enroll in an insurance plan under chapter 
     89A of title 5, in accordance with terms prescribed by the 
     Secretary, including terms, to the extent practical, as 
     defined by the Director through regulation, consistent with 
     subsection (d) and, to the extent practicable in relation to 
     such chapter 89A, other provisions of this section.''.
       (c) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply with respect to the first contract year for 
     chapter 89A of title 5, United States Code, that begins on or 
     after January 1, 2022.
       (d) Transition.--To ensure a successful transition pursuant 
     to the amendments made by this section in the administration 
     of the TRICARE dental plans under section 1076a of title 10, 
     United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
     that the contractor for such plans provides claims 
     information under such plans to carriers providing dental 
     coverage under chapter 89A of title 5, United States Code, 
     after the transition.
       (e) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on the transition in the administration of the TRICARE 
     dental insurance plan for retirees from administration by the 
     Department of Defense as the TRICARE Retiree Dental Plan to 
     administration by the Office of Personnel Management as part 
     of the Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of lessons learned from the transition of 
     the administration of the TRICARE dental insurance plan for 
     retirees from administration by the Department as the TRICARE 
     Retiree Dental Plan to administration by the Office of 
     Personnel Management as part of the Federal Employees Dental 
     and Vision Insurance Program.
       (B) An assessment of the effectiveness of the transition.
       (C) A timeline for the implementation plan for the 
     transition of the administration of the TRICARE dental plans 
     under section 1076a of title 10, United States Code, to 
     administration as part of the Federal Employees Dental and 
     Vision Insurance Program pursuant to the amendments made by 
     this section.

     SEC. 714. STREAMLINING OF TRICARE PRIME BENEFICIARY REFERRAL 
                   PROCESS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall streamline 
     the process under section 1095f of title 10, United States 
     Code, by which beneficiaries enrolled in TRICARE Prime are 
     referred to the civilian provider network for inpatient or 
     outpatient care under the TRICARE program.
       (b) Objectives.--In carrying out the requirement in 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall meet the following 
     objectives:
       (1) The referral process shall model best industry 
     practices for referrals from primary care managers to 
     specialty care providers.
       (2) The process shall limit administrative requirements for 
     enrolled beneficiaries.
       (3) Beneficiary preferences for communications relating to 
     appointment referrals using state-of-the-art information 
     technology shall be used to expedite the process.
       (4) There shall be effective and efficient processes to 
     determine the availability of appointments at military 
     medical treatment facilities and, when unavailable, to make 
     prompt referrals to network providers under the TRICARE 
     program.
       (c) Deadline for Implementation.--The requirement in 
     subsection (a) shall be implemented for referrals under 
     TRICARE Prime in calendar year 2019.
       (d) Evaluation and Improvement.--After 2019, the Secretary 
     shall--
       (1) evaluate the referral process described in subsection 
     (a) not less often than annually; and
       (2) make appropriate improvements to the process in light 
     of such evaluations.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``TRICARE 
     program'' and ``TRICARE Prime'' have the meaning given such 
     terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 715. SHARING OF INFORMATION WITH STATE PRESCRIPTION DRUG 
                   MONITORING PROGRAMS.

       (a) In General.--Section 1074g of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
     (h) and (i), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
     subsection (g):
       ``(g) Sharing of Information With State Prescription Drug 
     Monitoring Programs.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish and maintain a program (to be known as the 
     `Military Health System Prescription Drug Monitoring 
     Program') in accordance with this subsection. The program 
     shall include a special emphasis on drugs provided through 
     facilities of the uniformed services.
       ``(2) The program shall be--
       ``(A) comparable to prescription drug monitoring programs 
     operated by States, including such programs approved by the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services under section 399O of 
     the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280g-3); and
       ``(B) applicable to designated controlled substance 
     prescriptions under the pharmacy benefits program.
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary shall establish appropriate 
     procedures for the bi-directional sharing of patient-specific 
     information regarding prescriptions for designated controlled 
     substances between the program and State prescription drug 
     monitoring programs.
       ``(B) The purpose of sharing of information under this 
     paragraph shall be to prevent misuse and diversion of opioid 
     medications and other designated controlled substances.
       ``(C) Any disclosure of patient-specific information by the 
     Secretary under this paragraph is an authorized disclosure 
     for purposes of the health information privacy regulations 
     promulgated under the Health Insurance Portability and 
     Accountability Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-191).
       ``(4)(A) Any procedures developed pursuant to paragraph 
     (3)(A) shall include appropriate safeguards, as determined by 
     the Secretary, concerning cyber security of Department of 
     Defense systems and operational security of Department 
     personnel.
       ``(B) To the extent the Secretary considers appropriate, 
     the program may be treated as comparable to a State program 
     for purposes of bi-directional sharing of controlled 
     substance prescription information.
       ``(5) For purposes of this subsection, any reference to a 
     program operated by a State includes any program operated by 
     a county, municipality, or other subdivision within that 
     State.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1079(q) of such title is 
     amended by striking ``section 1074g(g)'' and inserting 
     ``section 1074g(h)''.

     SEC. 716. PILOT PROGRAM ON OPIOID MANAGEMENT IN THE MILITARY 
                   HEALTH SYSTEM.

       (a) Pilot Program.--
       (1) In general.--Beginning not later than 180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the 
     Defense Health Agency shall implement a comprehensive pilot 
     program to assess the feasability and advisability of 
     mechanisms to minimize early exposure of beneficiaries under 
     the TRICARE program to opioids and to prevent the progression 
     of beneficiaries to misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
       (2) Opioid safety across continuum of care.--The pilot 
     program shall include elements to maximize opioid safety 
     across the entire continuum of care consisting of patient, 
     physician or dentist, and pharmacist.
       (b) Elements of Pilot Program.--The pilot program shall 
     include the following:
       (1) Identification of potential misuse or abuse of opioid 
     medications in pharmacies of military treatment facilities, 
     retail network pharmacies, and the home delivery pharmacy, 
     and the transmission of alerts regarding such potential 
     misuse or abuse of opioids to prescribing physicians and 
     dentists.
       (2) Direct engagement with, education for, and management 
     of beneficiaries under the TRICARE program to help such 
     beneficiaries avoid misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
       (3) Proactive outreach by specialist pharmacists to 
     beneficiaries under the TRICARE program when identifying 
     potential misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
       (4) Monitoring of beneficiaries under the TRICARE program 
     through the use of predictive analytics to identify the 
     potential for opioid abuse and addiction before beneficiaries 
     begin an opioid prescription.
       (5) Detection of fraud, waste, and abuse in connection with 
     opioids.
       (c) Duration.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
     Director shall carry out the pilot program for a period of 
     not more than three years.
       (2) Expansion.--The Director may carry out the pilot 
     program on a permanent basis if the Director determines that 
     the mechanisms under the pilot program successfully reduce 
     early opioid exposure in beneficiaries under the TRICARE 
     program and prevent the progression of beneficiaries to 
     misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
       (d) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days before completion 
     of the pilot program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the pilot program.
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of the pilot program, including outcome 
     measures developed to determine the overall effectiveness of 
     the mechanisms under the pilot program.
       (B) A description of the ability of the mechanisms under 
     the pilot program to identify misuse and abuse of opioid 
     medications among beneficiaries under the TRICARE program in 
     each pharmacy venue of the pharmacy program of the military 
     health system.
       (C) A description of the impact of the use of predictive 
     analytics to monitor beneficiaries under the TRICARE program 
     in order to identify the potential for opioid abuse and 
     addiction before beneficiaries begin an opioid prescription.

[[Page H6705]]

       (D) A description of any reduction in the misuse or abuse 
     of opioid medications among beneficiaries under the TRICARE 
     program as a result of the pilot program.
       (e) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given that term in 
     section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 717. WOUNDED WARRIOR POLICY REVIEW.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     review and update policies and procedures relating to the 
     care and management of recovering service members. In 
     conducting such review, the Secretary shall consider best 
     practices--
       (1) in the care of recovering service members;
       (2) in the administrative management relating to such care;
       (3) to carry out applicable provisions of Federal law; and
       (4) recommended by the Comptroller General of the United 
     States in the report titled ``Army Needs to Improve Oversight 
     of Warrior Transition Units''.
       (b) Scope of Policy.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall update policies of the Department of Defense 
     with respect to each of the following:
       (1) The case management coordination of members of the 
     Armed Forces between the military departments and the 
     military medical treatment facilities administered by the 
     Director of the Defense Health Agency pursuant to section 
     1073c of title 10, United States Code, including with respect 
     to the coordination of--
       (A) appointments;
       (B) rehabilitative services;
       (C) recuperation in an outpatient status;
       (D) contract care provided by a private health care 
     provider outside of a military medical treatment facility;
       (E) the disability evaluation system; and
       (F) other administrative functions relating to the military 
     department.
       (2) The transition of a member of the Armed Forces who is 
     retired under chapter 61 of title 10, United States Code, 
     from receiving treatment furnished by the Secretary of 
     Defense to treatment furnished by the Secretary of Veterans 
     Affairs.
       (3) Facility standards related to lodging and 
     accommodations for recovering service members and the family 
     members and non-medical attendants of recovering service 
     members.
       (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and 
     Secretaries of the military departments shall jointly submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the review conducted 
     under subsection (a), including a description of the policies 
     updated pursuant to subsection (b).
       (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``disability 
     evaluation system'', ``outpatient status'', and ``recovering 
     service members'' have the meaning given those terms in 
     section 1602 of the Wounded Warrior Act (title XVI of Public 
     Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).

     SEC. 718. MEDICAL SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY AND LIVE TISSUE 
                   TRAINING WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) In General.--
       (1) Use of simulation technology.--Except as provided by 
     paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense shall use medical 
     simulation technology, to the maximum extent practicable, 
     before the use of live tissue training to train medical 
     professionals and combat medics of the Department of Defense.
       (2) Determination.--The use of live tissue training within 
     the Department of Defense may be used as determined necessary 
     by the medical chain of command.
       (b) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
     and the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
     provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     House of Representatives and the Senate on the use and 
     benefit of medical simulation technology and live tissue 
     training within the Department of Defense to train medical 
     professionals, combat medics, and members of the Special 
     Operations Forces.
       (c) Elements.--The briefing under subsection (b) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A discussion of the benefits and needs of both medical 
     simulation technology and live tissue training.
       (2) Ways and means to enhance and advance the use of 
     simulation technologies in training.
       (3) An assessment of current medical simulation technology 
     requirements, gaps, and limitations.
       (4) An overview of Department of Defense medical training 
     programs, as of the date of the briefing, that use live 
     tissue training and medical simulation technologies.
       (5) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.

     SEC. 719. IMPROVEMENTS TO TRAUMA CENTER PARTNERSHIPS.

       Section 708(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 
     note) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``large metropolitan 
     teaching hospitals that have level I civilian'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``with civilian academic medical centers 
     and large metropolitan teaching hospitals''; and
       (B) by striking ``the trauma centers of the medical centers 
     and hospitals'' and inserting ``trauma centers''; and
       (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``large metropolitan 
     teaching hospitals'' and inserting ``trauma centers''.

     SEC. 720. IMPROVEMENT TO NOTIFICATION TO CONGRESS OF 
                   HOSPITALIZATION OF COMBAT-WOUNDED MEMBERS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES.

       Section 1074l(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``admitted to a military treatment 
     facility within the United States'' and inserting ``admitted 
     to any military medical treatment facility''.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 731. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE-DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL 
                   FACILITY DEMONSTRATION FUND.

       Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2573), as 
     most recently amended by section 719 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1440), is further amended by striking ``September 
     30, 2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2020''.

     SEC. 732. JOINT FORCES MEDICAL CAPABILITIES DEVELOPMENT AND 
                   STANDARDIZATION.

       (a) Process Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
     develop a process to establish required joint force medical 
     capabilities for members of the Armed Forces that meet the 
     operational planning requirements of the combatant commands.
       (b) Process Elements.--The process developed under 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) A joint medical estimate to determine the medical 
     requirements for treating members of the Armed Forces who are 
     wounded, ill, or injured during military operations, 
     including with respect to environmental health and force 
     health protection.
       (2) A process to review and revise military health related 
     mission essential tasks in order to ensure that such tasks 
     are aligned with health professional knowledge, skills, and 
     abilities.
       (3) A process to standardize the interoperability of 
     medical equipment and capabilities to support the joint 
     force.
       (c) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
     describing the process developed under subsection (a).

     SEC. 733. INCLUSION OF GAMBLING DISORDER IN HEALTH 
                   ASSESSMENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
                   RELATED RESEARCH EFFORTS.

       (a) Inclusion in Next Annual Periodic Health Assessments.--
     The Secretary of Defense shall incorporate medical screening 
     questions specific to gambling disorder into the Annual 
     Periodic Health Assessments of members of the Armed Forces 
     conducted by the Department of Defense during the one-year 
     period beginning 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.
       (b) Inclusion in Certain Surveys.--The Secretary shall 
     incorporate into ongoing research efforts of the Department 
     questions on gambling disorder, as appropriate, including by 
     restoring such questions to the following:
       (1) The first Health Related Behaviors Survey of Active 
     Duty Military Personnel conducted after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
       (2) The first Health Related Behaviors Survey of Reserve 
     Component Personnel conducted after that date.
       (c) Reports.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     completion of the assessment referred to in subsection (a), 
     and of each survey referred to in subsection (b), as modified 
     pursuant to this section, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the findings of the assessment or 
     survey in connection with the prevalence of gambling disorder 
     among members of the Armed Forces.

     SEC. 734. REPORT ON REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN FORMER MEMBERS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES TO ENROLL IN MEDICARE PART B 
                   TO BE ELIGIBLE FOR TRICARE FOR LIFE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services, and the Commissioner 
     of Social Security shall jointly submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
     Senate, the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of 
     Representatives, and the Committee on Finance of the Senate a 
     report on the findings of a study, conducted by the 
     Secretaries for purposes of the report, on the requirement 
     that a covered individual enroll in the supplementary medical 
     insurance program under part B of title XVIII of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395j et seq.) in order to be 
     eligible for TRICARE for Life.
       (b) Matters Included.--The study under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) An analysis of whether the requirement described in 
     such subsection affects covered individuals from returning to 
     work.
       (2) The number of individuals who--
       (A) are retired from the Armed Forces under chapter 61 of 
     title 10, United States Code;
       (B) are entitled to hospital insurance benefits under part 
     A of title XVIII of the Social Security Act pursuant to 
     receiving benefits for 24 months as described in subparagraph 
     (A) or (C) of section 226(b)(2) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 
     426(b)(2)); and
       (C) because of such entitlement, are no longer enrolled in 
     TRICARE Standard, TRICARE Prime, TRICARE Extra, or TRICARE 
     Select.
       (3) The number of covered individuals who would potentially 
     enroll in TRICARE for Life but not enroll in the 
     supplementary medical insurance program under part B of title 
     XVIII of

[[Page H6706]]

     the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395j et seq.) if able.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered individual'' means an individual--
       (A) who is under 65 years of age;
       (B) who is entitled to hospital insurance benefits under 
     part A of title XVIII of the Social Security Act pursuant to 
     subparagraph (A) or (C) of section 226(b)(2) of such Act (42 
     U.S.C. 426(b)(2));
       (C) whose entitlement to a benefit described in 
     subparagraph (A) of such section has terminated due to 
     performance of substantial gainful activity; and
       (D) who is retired under chapter 61 of title 10, United 
     States Code.
       (2) The terms ``TRICARE for Life'', ``TRICARE Extra'', 
     ``TRICARE Standard'', ``TRICARE Select'', and ``TRICARE 
     Prime'' have the meanings given those terms in section 1072 
     of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 735. PILOT PROGRAM ON EARNING BY SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
                   FORCES MEDICS OF CREDIT TOWARD A PHYSICIAN 
                   ASSISTANT DEGREE.

       (a) In General.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Health Affairs may conduct a pilot program to assess the 
     feasibility and advisability of partnerships between special 
     operations forces and institutions of higher education, and 
     health care systems if determined appropriate by the 
     Assistant Secretary for purposes of the pilot program, 
     through which special operations forces medics earn credit 
     toward the master's degree of physician assistant for 
     military operational work and training performed by the 
     medics.
       (b) Duration.--The Assistant Secretary shall conduct the 
     pilot program for a period not to exceed five years.
       (c) Clinical Training.--Partnerships under subsection (a) 
     shall permit medics participating in the pilot program to 
     conduct clinical training at medical facilities of the 
     Department of Defense and the civilian sector.
       (d) Evaluation.--The evaluation of work and training 
     performed by medics for which credits are earned under the 
     pilot program shall comply with civilian clinical evaluation 
     standards applicable to the awarding of the master's degree 
     of physician assistant.
       (e) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representative a report on the pilot program 
     that shall include the following:
       (A) A comprehensive framework for the military education to 
     be provided to special operations forces medics under the 
     pilot program, including courses of instruction at 
     institutions of higher education and any health care systems 
     participating in the pilot program.
       (B) Metrics to be used to assess the effectiveness of the 
     pilot program.
       (C) A description of the mechanisms to be used by the 
     Department, medics, or both to cover the costs of education 
     received by medics under the pilot program through 
     institutions of higher education or health care systems, 
     including payment by the Department in return for a military 
     service commitment, tuition or other educational assistance 
     by the Department, use by medics of post-9/11 educational 
     assistance available through the Department of Veterans 
     Affairs, and any other mechanisms the Secretary considers 
     appropriate for purposes of the pilot program.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after completion 
     of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     committees of Congress referred to in paragraph (1) a final 
     report on the pilot program. The report shall include the 
     following:
       (A) An evaluation of the pilot program using the metrics of 
     assessment set forth pursuant to paragraph (1)(B).
       (B) An assessment of the utility of the funding mechanisms 
     set forth pursuant to paragraph (1)(C).
       (C) An assessment of the effects of the pilot program on 
     recruitment and retention of medics for special operations 
     forces.
       (D) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     extending one or more authorities for joint professional 
     military education under chapter 107 of title 10, United 
     States Code, to warrant officers or enlisted personnel, and 
     if the Secretary considers the extension of any such 
     authorities feasible and advisable, recommendations for 
     legislative or administrative action to so extend such 
     authorities.
       (f) Construction of Authorities.--Nothing in this section 
     may be construed to--
       (1) authorize an officer or employee of the Federal 
     Government to create, endorse, or otherwise incentivize a 
     particular curriculum or degree track; or
       (2) require, direct, review, or control a State or 
     educational institution, or the instructional content, 
     curriculum, and related activities of a State or educational 
     institution.

     SEC. 736. STRATEGIC MEDICAL RESEARCH PLAN.

       (a) Plan.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which 
     the budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 is submitted 
     to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United 
     States Code, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
     the Secretaries of the military departments, shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a comprehensive 
     strategic medical research plan.
       (b) Matters Included.--The plan under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of all medical research focus areas of 
     the Department of Defense and a description of the 
     coordination process to ensure the focus areas are linked to 
     military readiness, joint force requirements, and relevance 
     to individuals eligible for care at military medical 
     treatment facilities or through the TRICARE program.
       (2) A description of the medical research projects funded 
     under the Defense Health Program account and the projects 
     under the Congressional Directed Medical Research Program.
       (3) A description of the process to ensure synergy across 
     the military medical research community in order to address 
     gaps in military medical research, minimize duplication of 
     research, and promote collaboration within research focus 
     areas.
       (4) A description of the efforts of the Secretary to 
     coordinate with other departments and agencies of the Federal 
     Government to increase awareness of complementary medical 
     research efforts that are being carried out through the 
     Federal Government.

     SEC. 737. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REVIEW OF 
                   DEFENSE HEALTH AGENCY OVERSIGHT OF TRANSITION 
                   BETWEEN MANAGED CARE SUPPORT CONTRACTORS FOR 
                   THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

       (a) Briefing and Report on Current Transition.--
       (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing and a 
     report on a review by the Comptroller General of the 
     oversight conducted by the Defense Health Agency with respect 
     to the current transition between managed care support 
     contractors for the TRICARE program. The briefing shall be 
     provided by not later than July 1, 2019.
       (2) Elements.--The briefing and report under paragraph (1) 
     shall each include the following:
       (A) A description and assessment of the extent to which the 
     Defense Health Agency provided guidance and oversight to the 
     outgoing and incoming managed care support contractors for 
     the TRICARE program during the transition described in 
     paragraph (1) and before the start of health care delivery by 
     the incoming contractor.
       (B) A description and assessment of any issues with health 
     care delivery under the TRICARE program as a result of or in 
     connection with the transition, and, with respect to such 
     issues--
       (i) the effect, if any, of the guidance and oversight 
     provided by the Defense Health Agency during the transition 
     on such issues; and
       (ii) the solutions developed by the Defense Health Agency 
     for remediating any deficiencies in managed care support for 
     the TRICARE program in connection with such issues.
       (C) A description and assessment of the extent to which the 
     Defense Health Agency has reviewed any lessons learned from 
     past transitions between managed care support contractors for 
     the TRICARE program, and incorporated such lessons into the 
     transition.
       (D) A review of the Department of Defense briefing provided 
     in accordance with the provisions of the Report of the 
     Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
     to Accompany H.R. 5515 (115th Congress; House Report 115-676) 
     on TRICARE Managed Care Support Contractor Reporting.
       (b) Report on Future Transitions.--Not later than 270 days 
     after the completion of any future transition between managed 
     care support contractors for the TRICARE program, the 
     Comptroller General shall submit to the committees of 
     Congress referred to in subsection (a)(1) a report on a 
     review by the Comptroller General of the oversight conducted 
     by the Defense Health Agency with respect to such transition. 
     The report shall include each description and assessment 
     specified in subparagraphs (A) through (C) of subsection 
     (a)(2) with respect to such transition.
       (c) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given that term in 
     section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 738. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY ON AVAILABILITY OF LONG-
                   TERM CARE OPTIONS FOR VETERANS FROM DEPARTMENT 
                   OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.

       (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall conduct a study on the availability of long-term 
     care options from the Department of Veterans Affairs for 
     veterans with combat-related disabilities, including veterans 
     who served in the Armed Forces after September 11, 2001.
       (b) Elements.--The study required by subsection (a) shall--
       (1) determine the potential demand for long-term care by 
     veterans eligible for health care from the Department;
       (2) determine the capacity of the Department for providing 
     all four levels of long-term care, which are independent 
     living, assisted living, nursing home care, and memory care;
       (3) identify the number of veterans with combat-related 
     disabilities who require a personal care assistant and which 
     facilities of the Department provide this service; and
       (4) examine the value of long-term care benefits provided 
     by the Department, including personal care assistant 
     services, to identify the potential elements of a pilot 
     program that affords aging veterans the choice of receiving 
     long-term care benefits at nonprofit continuing care 
     retirement communities.
       (c) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the 
     Comptroller General shall submit to the Committee on Armed 
     Services and the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate 
     and the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives a report on 
     the study conducted under this section.

     SEC. 739. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF APPOINTED MEMBERS OF THE 
                   HENRY M. JACKSON FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT 
                   OF MILITARY MEDICINE.

       Section 178(c)(1)(C) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``four members'' and inserting ``six 
     members''.

[[Page H6707]]

  


  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

Sec. 800. Effective dates; coordination of amendments.

     Subtitle A--Streamlining of Defense Acquisition Statutes and 
                              Regulations

Part I--Consolidation of Defense Acquisition Statutes in New Part V of 
               Subtitle A of Title 10, United States Code

Sec. 801. Framework for new part V of subtitle A.

Part II--Redesignation of Sections and Chapters of Subtitles B, C, and 
             D to Provide Room for New Part V of Subtitle A

Sec. 806. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle D of title 
              10, United States Code--Air Force.
Sec. 807. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle C of title 
              10, United States Code--Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 808. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle B of title 
              10, United States Code--Army.
Sec. 809. Cross references to redesignated sections and chapters.

   Part III--Repeals of Certain Provisions of Defense Acquisition Law

Sec. 811. Amendment to and repeal of statutory requirements for certain 
              positions or offices in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 812. Repeal of certain defense acquisition laws.
Sec. 813. Repeal of certain Department of Defense reporting 
              requirements.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 816. Modification of limitations on single source task or delivery 
              order contracts.
Sec. 817. Preliminary cost analysis requirement for exercise of 
              multiyear contract authority.
Sec. 818. Revision of requirement to submit information on services 
              contracts to Congress.
Sec. 819. Data collection and inventory for services contracts.
Sec. 820. Report on clarification of services contracting definitions.
Sec. 821. Increase in micro-purchase threshold applicable to Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 822. Department of Defense contracting dispute matters.
Sec. 823. Inclusion of best available information regarding past 
              performance of subcontractors and joint venture partners.
Sec. 824. Subcontracting price and approved purchasing systems.
Sec. 825. Modification of criteria for waivers of requirement for 
              certified cost and price data.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 831. Revisions in authority relating to program cost targets and 
              fielding targets for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 832. Implementation of recommendations of the Independent Study on 
              Consideration of Sustainment in Weapons Systems Life 
              Cycle.
Sec. 833. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and 
              related initiatives.

          Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 836. Revision of definition of commercial item for purposes of 
              Federal acquisition statutes.
Sec. 837. Limitation on applicability to Department of Defense 
              commercial contracts of certain provisions of law.
Sec. 838. Modifications to procurement through commercial e-commerce 
              portals.
Sec. 839. Review of Federal acquisition regulations on commercial 
              products, commercial services, and commercially available 
              off-the-shelf items.

                  Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 841. Report on limited sourcing of specific components for Naval 
              vessels.
Sec. 842. Removal of national interest determination requirements for 
              certain entities.
Sec. 843. Pilot program to test machine-vision technologies to 
              determine the authenticity and security of 
              microelectronic parts in weapon systems.
Sec. 844. Limitation on certain procurements application process.
Sec. 845. Report on defense electronics industrial base.
Sec. 846. Support for defense manufacturing communities to support the 
              defense industrial base.
Sec. 847. Limitation on procurement of certain items for T-AO-205 
              program.

                   Subtitle F--Small Business Matters

Sec. 851. Department of Defense small business strategy.
Sec. 852. Prompt payments of small business contractors.
Sec. 853. Increased participation in the Small Business Administration 
              microloan program.
Sec. 854. Amendments to Small Business Innovation Research Program and 
              Small Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 855. Construction contract administration.
Sec. 856. Comptroller General study of impact of broadband speed and 
              price on small businesses.
Sec. 857. Consolidated budget display for the Department of Defense 
              Small Business Innovation Research Program and Small 
              Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 858. Funding for procurement technical assistance program.
Sec. 859. Authorization for payment of certain costs relating to 
              procurement technical assistance centers.
Sec. 860. Commercialization Assistance Pilot Program.
Sec. 861. Puerto Rico businesses.
Sec. 862. Opportunities for employee-owned business concerns through 
              Small Business Administration loan programs.

 Subtitle G--Provisions Related to Software and Technical Data Matters

Sec. 865. Validation of proprietary and technical data.
Sec. 866. Continuation of technical data rights during challenges.
Sec. 867. Requirement for negotiation of technical data price before 
              sustainment of major weapon systems.
Sec. 868. Implementation of recommendations of the final report of the 
              Defense Science Board Task Force on the Design and 
              Acquisition of Software for Defense Systems.
Sec. 869. Implementation of pilot program to use agile or iterative 
              development methods required under section 873 of the 
              National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
Sec. 870. Report on requiring access to digital technical data in 
              future acquisitions of combat, combat service, and combat 
              support systems.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 871. Prohibition on acquisition of sensitive materials from non-
              allied foreign nations.
Sec. 872. Extension of prohibition on providing funds to the enemy.
Sec. 873. Data, policy, and reporting on the use of other transactions.
Sec. 874. Standardization of formatting and public accessibility of 
              Department of Defense reports to Congress.
Sec. 875. Promotion of the use of Government-wide and other interagency 
              contracts.
Sec. 876. Increasing competition at the task order level.
Sec. 877. Individual acquisition for commercial leasing services.
Sec. 878. Procurement administrative lead time definition and plan.
Sec. 879. Briefing on funding of product support strategies.
Sec. 880. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
              process.
Sec. 881. Permanent Supply Chain Risk Management Authority.
Sec. 882. Review of market research.
Sec. 883. Establishment of integrated review team on defense 
              acquisition industry-government exchange.
Sec. 884. Exchange program for acquisition workforce employees.
Sec. 885. Process to limit foreign access to technology.
Sec. 886. Procurement of telecommunications supplies for experimental 
              purposes.
Sec. 887. Access by developmental and operational testing activities to 
              data regarding modeling and simulation activity.
Sec. 888. Instruction on pilot program regarding employment of persons 
              with disabilities.
Sec. 889. Prohibition on certain telecommunications and video 
              surveillance services or equipment.
Sec. 890. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing 
              processes.

     SEC. 800. EFFECTIVE DATES; COORDINATION OF AMENDMENTS.

       (a) Effective Dates.--
       (1) Parts i and ii.--Parts I and II of this subtitle, and 
     the redesignations and amendments made by such parts, shall 
     take effect on February 1, 2019.
       (2) Part iii.--Part III of this subtitle shall take effect 
     on the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Coordination of Amendments.--The redesignations and 
     amendments made by part II of this subtitle shall be executed 
     before the amendments made by part I of this subtitle.
       (c) Rule for Certain Redesignations.--In the case of a 
     redesignation specified in part II of this subtitle (1) that 
     is to be made to a section of subtitle B, C, or D of title 
     10, United States Code, for which the current section 
     designation consists of a four-digit number and a letter, and 
     (2) that is directed to be made by the addition of a 
     specified number to the current section designation, the new 
     section designation shall consist of a new four-digit number 
     and the same letter, with the new four-digit number being the 
     number that is the sum of the specified number and the four-
     digit number in the current section designation.

     Subtitle A--Streamlining of Defense Acquisition Statutes and 
                              Regulations

PART I--CONSOLIDATION OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION STATUTES IN NEW PART V OF 
               SUBTITLE A OF TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE

     SEC. 801. FRAMEWORK FOR NEW PART V OF SUBTITLE A.

       (a) In General.--Subtitle A of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new part:

[[Page H6708]]

  


                         ``PART V--ACQUISITION

``Chap.                                                            Sec.

                          ``subpart a--general

``201. Definitions.............................................3001....

``203. General Matters.........................................3021....

``205. Defense Acquisition System..............................3051....

``207. Budgeting and Appropriations Matters....................3101....

``209. Operational Contract Support............................3151....

                   ``subpart b--acquisition planning

``221. Planning and Solicitation Generally.....................3201....

``223. Planning and Solicitation Relating to Particular Items or 
    Services...................................................3251....

          ``subpart c--contracting methods and contract types

``241. Awarding of Contracts...................................3301....

``243. Specific Types of Contracts.............................3351....

``245. Task and Delivery Order Contracts (Multiple Award Contra3401....

``247. Acquisition of Commercial Items.........................3451....

``249. Multiyear Contracts.....................................3501....

``251. Simplified Acquisition Procedures.......................3551....

``253. Emergency and Rapid Acquisitions........................3601....

``255. Contracting With or Through Other Agencies..............3651....

             ``subpart d--general contracting requirements

``271. Truthful Cost or Pricing Data...........................3701....

``273. Allowable Costs.........................................3741....

``275. Proprietary Contractor Data and Technical Data..........3771....

``277. Contract Financing......................................3801....

``279. Contractor Audits and Accounting........................3841....

``281. Claims and Disputes.....................................3861....

``283. Foreign Acquisitions....................................3881....

``285. Small Business Programs.................................3901....

``287. Socioeconomic Programs..................................3961....

     ``subpart e--special categories of contracting: major defense 
                 acquisition programs and major systems

``301. Major Defense Acquisition Programs......................4001....

``303. Weapon Systems Development and Related Matters..........4071....

``305. Other Matters Relating to Major Systems.................4121....

``subpart f--special categories of contracting: research, development, 
                          test, and evaluation

``321. Research and Development Generally......................4201....

``323. Innovation..............................................4301....

``325. Department of Defense Laboratories......................4351....

``327. Research and Development Centers and Facilities.........4401....

``329. Operational Test and Evaluation; Developmental Test and 
    Evaluation.................................................4451....

          ``subpart g--other special categories of contracting

``341. Contracting for Performance of Civilian Commercial or Industrial 
    Type Functions.............................................4501....

``343. Acquisition of Services.................................4541....

``345. Acquisition of Information Technology...................4571....

                    ``subpart h--contract management

``361. Contract Administration.................................4601....

``363. Prohibitions and Penalties..............................4651....

``365. Contractor Workforce....................................4701....

``367. Other Administrative and Miscellaneous Provisions.......4751....

                  ``subpart i--defense industrial base

``381. Defense Industrial Base Generally.......................4801....

``383. Loan Guarantee Programs.................................4861....

``385. Procurement Technical Assistance Cooperative Agreement P4881am..

                          ``Subpart A--General

                       ``CHAPTER 201--DEFINITIONS

     ``Sec. 3001. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                     ``CHAPTER 203--GENERAL MATTERS

     ``Sec. 3021. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

               ``CHAPTER 205--DEFENSE ACQUISITION SYSTEM

     ``Sec. 3051. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

          ``CHAPTER 207--BUDGETING AND APPROPRIATIONS MATTERS

     ``Sec. 3101. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

              ``CHAPTER 209--OPERATIONAL CONTRACT SUPPORT

     ``Sec. 3151. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                   ``Subpart B--Acquisition Planning

           ``CHAPTER 221--PLANNING AND SOLICITATION GENERALLY

     ``Sec. 3201. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

 ``CHAPTER 223--PLANNING AND SOLICITATION RELATING TO PARTICULAR ITEMS 
                              OR SERVICES

     ``Sec. 3251. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

          ``Subpart C--Contracting Methods and Contract Types

                  ``CHAPTER 241--AWARDING OF CONTRACTS

     ``Sec. 3301. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

               ``CHAPTER 243--SPECIFIC TYPES OF CONTRACTS

     ``Sec. 3351. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

   ``CHAPTER 245--TASK AND DELIVERY ORDER CONTRACTS (MULTIPLE AWARD 
                               CONTRACTS)

     ``Sec. 3401. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

             ``CHAPTER 247--ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS

     ``Sec. 3451. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                   ``CHAPTER 249--MULTIYEAR CONTRACTS

     ``Sec. 3501. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

            ``CHAPTER 251--SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES

     ``Sec. 3551. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

            ``CHAPTER 253--EMERGENCY AND RAPID ACQUISITIONS

     ``Sec. 3601. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

       ``CHAPTER 255--CONTRACTING WITH OR THROUGH OTHER AGENCIES

     ``Sec. 3651. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

             ``Subpart D--General Contracting Requirements

              ``CHAPTER 271--TRUTHFUL COST OR PRICING DATA

     ``Sec. 3701. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                     ``CHAPTER 273--ALLOWABLE COSTS

     ``Sec. 3741. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

     ``CHAPTER 275--PROPRIETARY CONTRACTOR DATA AND TECHNICAL DATA

     ``Sec. 3771. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                   ``CHAPTER 277--CONTRACT FINANCING

     ``Sec. 3801. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

            ``CHAPTER 279--CONTRACTOR AUDITS AND ACCOUNTING

     ``Sec. 3841. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                   ``CHAPTER 281--CLAIMS AND DISPUTES

     ``Sec. 3861. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                  ``CHAPTER 283--FOREIGN ACQUISITIONS

     ``Sec. 3881. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                 ``CHAPTER 285--SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS

     ``Sec. 3901. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                 ``CHAPTER 287--SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS

     ``Sec. 3961. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

     ``Subpart E--Special Categories of Contracting: Major Defense 
                 Acquisition Programs and Major Systems

           ``CHAPTER 301--MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS

     ``Sec. 4001. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

     ``CHAPTER 303--WEAPON SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT AND RELATED MATTERS

     ``Sec. 4071. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

         ``CHAPTER 305--OTHER MATTERS RELATING TO MAJOR SYSTEMS

     ``Sec. 4121. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

``Subpart F--Special Categories of Contracting: Research, Development, 
                          Test, and Evaluation

           ``CHAPTER 321--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT GENERALLY

     ``Sec. 4201. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                       ``CHAPTER 323--INNOVATION

     ``Sec. 4301. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

           ``CHAPTER 325--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE LABORATORIES

     ``Sec. 4351. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

     ``CHAPTER 327--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTERS AND FACILITIES

     ``Sec. 4401. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

``CHAPTER 329--OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION; DEVELOPMENTAL TEST AND 
                               EVALUATION

     ``Sec. 4451. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

          ``Subpart G--Other Special Categories Of Contracting

 ``CHAPTER 341--CONTRACTING FOR PERFORMANCE OF CIVILIAN COMMERCIAL OR 
                       INDUSTRIAL TYPE FUNCTIONS

     ``Sec. 4501. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                 ``CHAPTER 343--ACQUISITION OF SERVICES

     ``Sec. 4541. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

          ``CHAPTER 345--ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

     ``Sec. 4571. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                    ``Subpart H--Contract Management

                 ``CHAPTER 361--CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION

     ``Sec. 4601. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

[[Page H6709]]

  


               ``CHAPTER 363--PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES

     ``Sec. 4651. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                  ``CHAPTER 365--CONTRACTOR WORKFORCE

     ``Sec. 4701. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

    ``CHAPTER 367--OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

     ``Sec. 4751. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                  ``Subpart I--Defense Industrial Base

            ``CHAPTER 381--DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE GENERALLY

     ``Sec. 4801. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

                 ``CHAPTER 383--LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAMS

     ``Sec. 4861. [Reserved]

       [Reserved]

 ``CHAPTER 385--PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT 
                                PROGRAM

     ``Sec. 4881. [Reserved]

       ``[Reserved]''.
       (b) Table of Chapters Amendment.--The table of chapters at 
     the beginning of subtitle A is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new items:

                         ``Part V--ACQUISITION

                          ``subpart a--general

``201. Definitions............................................3001 ....

``203. General Matters........................................3021 ....

``205. Defense Acquisition System.............................3051 ....

``207. Budgeting and Appropriations Matters...................3101 ....

``209. Operational Contract Support...........................3151 ....

                   ``subpart b--acquisition planning

``221. Planning and Solicitation Generally....................3201 ....

``223. Planning and Solicitation Relating to Particular Items or 
    Services..................................................3251 ....

          ``subpart c--contracting methods and contract types

``241. Awarding of Contracts..................................3301 ....

``243. Specific Types of Contracts............................3351 ....

``245. Task and Delivery Order Contracts (Multiple Award Contr3401 ....

``247. Acquisition of Commercial Items........................3451 ....

``249. Multiyear Contracts....................................3501 ....

``251. Simplified Acquisition Procedures......................3551 ....

``253. Emergency and Rapid Acquisitions.......................3601 ....

``255. Contracting With or Through Other Agencies.............3651 ....

             ``subpart d--general contracting requirements

``271. Truthful Cost or Pricing Data..........................3701 ....

``273. Allowable Costs........................................3741 ....

``275. Proprietary Contractor Data and Technical Data.........3771 ....

``277. Contract Financing.....................................3801 ....

``279. Contractor Audits and Accounting.......................3841 ....

``281. Claims and Disputes....................................3861 ....

``283. Foreign Acquisitions...................................3881 ....

``285. Small Business Programs................................3901 ....

``287. Socioeconomic Programs.................................3961 ....

     ``subpart e--special categories of contracting: major defense 
                 acquisition programs and major systems

``301. Major Defense Acquisition Programs.....................4001 ....

``303. Weapon Systems Development and Related Matters.........4071 ....

``305. Other Matters Relating to Major Systems................4121 ....

``subpart f--special categories of contracting: research, development, 
                          test, and evaluation

``321. Research and Development Generally.....................4201 ....

``323. Innovation.............................................4301 ....

``325. Department of Defense Laboratories.....................4351 ....

``327. Research and Development Centers and Facilities........4401 ....

``329. Operational Test and Evaluation; Developmental Test and 
    Evaluation................................................4451 ....

          ``subpart g--other special categories of contracting

``341. Contracting for Performance of Civilian Commercial or Industrial 
    Type Functions............................................4501 ....

``343. Acquisition of Services................................4541 ....

``345. Acquisition of Information Technology..................4571 ....

                    ``subpart h--contract management

``361. Contract Administration................................4601 ....

``363. Prohibitions and Penalties.............................4651 ....

``365. Contractor Workforce...................................4701 ....

``367. Other Administrative and Miscellaneous Provisions......4751 ....

                  ``subpart i--defense industrial base

``381. Defense Industrial Base Generally......................4801 ....

``383. Loan Guarantee Programs................................4861 ....

``385. Procurement Technical Assistance Cooperative Agreemen4881''.am..

PART II--REDESIGNATION OF SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS OF SUBTITLES B, C, AND 
             D TO PROVIDE ROOM FOR NEW PART V OF SUBTITLE A

     SEC. 806. REDESIGNATION OF SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS OF SUBTITLE 
                   D OF TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE--AIR FORCE.

       (a) Subtitle D, Part III, Section Numbers.--The sections in 
     part III of subtitle D of title 10, United States Code, are 
     redesignated as follows:
       (1) Chapter 909.--Each section in chapter 909 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     50.
       (2) Chapter 907.--Each section in chapter 907 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     70.
       (3) Chapters 901 and 903.--Each section in chapter 901 and 
     chapter 903 is redesignated so that the number of the 
     section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
     number plus 100.
       (b) Subtitle D, Part II, Section Numbers.--The sections in 
     part II of such subtitle are redesignated as follows:
       (1) Chapter 831.--Section 8210 is redesignated as section 
     9110.
       (2) Chapter 833.--Sections 8251, 8252, 8257, and 8258 are 
     redesignated as sections 9131, 9132, 9137, and 9138, 
     respectively.
       (3) Chapter 835.--Sections 8281 and 8310 are redesignated 
     as sections 9151 and 9160, respectively.
       (4) Chapter 839.--Section 8446 is redesignated as section 
     9176.
       (5) Chapter 841.--Sections 8491 and 8503 are redesignated 
     as sections 9191 and 9203, respectively.
       (6) Chapter 843.--Sections 8547 and 8548 are redesignated 
     as sections 9217 and 9218, respectively.
       (7) Chapter 845.--Sections 8572, 8575, 8579, 8581, and 8583 
     are redesignated as sections 9222, 9225, 9229, 9231, and 
     9233, respectively.
       (8) Chapter 849.--Section 8639 is redesignated as section 
     9239.
       (9) Chapter 853.--Sections 8681, 8684, and 8691 are 
     redesignated as sections 9251, 9252, and 9253, respectively.
       (10) Chapter 855.--Section 8723 is redesignated as section 
     9263.
       (11) Chapter 857.--Each section in chapter 857 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     530.
       (12) Chapter 861.--Section 8817 is redesignated as section 
     9307.
       (13) Chapter 867.--Each section in chapter 867 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     400.
       (14) Chapter 869.--Sections 8961, 8962, 8963, 8964, 8965, 
     and 8966 are redesignated as sections 9341, 9342, 9343, 9344, 
     9345, and 9346, respectively.
       (15) Chapter 871.--Sections 8991 and 8992 are redesignated 
     as sections 9361 and 9362, respectively.
       (16) Chapter 873.--Sections 9021, 9025, and 9027 are 
     redesignated as sections 9371, 9375, and 9377, respectively.
       (17) Chapter 875.--Section 9061 is redesignated as section 
     9381.
       (c) Subtitle D, Part I, Section Numbers.--Each section in 
     part I of such subtitle is redesignated so that the number of 
     the section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the 
     previous number plus 1,000.
       (d) Subtitle D Chapter Numbers.--
       (1) Part IV chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part IV of 
     such subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the 
     chapter, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
     number plus 30.
       (2) Part III chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part III of 
     such subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the 
     chapter, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
     number plus 50.
       (3) Part II chapter numbers.--
       (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     each chapter in part II of such subtitle is redesignated so 
     that the number of the chapter, as redesignated, is the 
     number equal to the previous number plus 80.
       (B) Other chapters.--
       (i) Chapter 861 is redesignated as chapter 939.
       (ii) Chapters 867, 869, 871, 873, and 875 are each 
     redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     74.
       (4) Part I chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part I of such 
     subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, 
     as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number 
     plus 100.
       (e) Subtitle D Tables of Sections and Tables of Chapters.--
       (1) Tables of sections.--The tables of sections at the 
     beginning of the chapters of such subtitle are revised so as 
     to conform the section references in those tables to the 
     redesignations made by subsections (a), (b), and (c).
       (2) Tables of chapters.--The table of chapters at the 
     beginning of such subtitle, and the tables of chapters at the 
     beginning of each part of such subtitle, are revised so as to 
     conform the chapter references and section references in 
     those tables to the redesignations made by this section.

     SEC. 807. REDESIGNATION OF SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS OF SUBTITLE 
                   C OF TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE--NAVY AND 
                   MARINE CORPS.

       (a) Subtitle C, Part I, Section Numbers.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
     section in part I of subtitle C of title 10, United States 
     Code, is redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     3,000.
       (2) Chapter 513.--For sections in chapter 513, each section 
     is redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     2,940.
       (b) Subtitle C, Part II, Section Numbers.--The sections in 
     part II of such subtitle are redesignated as follows:
       (1) Chapter 533.--Sections 5441, 5450, and 5451 are 
     redesignated as sections 8101, 8102, and 8103, respectively.
       (2) Chapter 535.--Sections 5501, 5502, 5503, and 5508 are 
     redesignated as sections 8111, 8112, 8113, and 8118, 
     respectively.
       (3) Chapter 537.--Section 5540 is redesignated as section 
     8120.

[[Page H6710]]

       (4) Chapter 539.--Sections 5582, 5585, 5587, 5587a, 5589, 
     and 5596 are redesignated as sections 8132, 8135, 8137, 8138, 
     8139, and 8146, respectively.
       (5) Chapter 551.--Each section in chapter 551 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     2,220.
       (6) Chapter 553.--Sections 5983, 5985, and 5986 are 
     redesignated as sections 8183, 8185, and 8186, respectively.
       (7) Chapter 555.--The sections in chapter 555 are 
     redesignated as follows:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Section                        Redesignated Section
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6011                                 8211
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6012                                 8212
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6013                                 8213
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6014                                 8214
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6019                                 8215
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6021                                 8216
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6022                                 8217
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6024                                 8218
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6027                                 8219
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6029                                 8220
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6031                                 8221
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6032                                 8222
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6035                                 8225
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6036                                 8226
------------------------------------------------------------------------

       (8) Chapter 557.--Each section in chapter 557 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     2,160.
       (9) Chapter 559.--Section 6113 is redesignated as section 
     8253.
       (10) Chapter 561.--The sections in chapter 561 are 
     redesignated as follows:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Section                        Redesignated Section
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             6141                                 8261
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             6151                                 8262
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             6152                                 8263
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             6153                                 8264
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             6154                                 8265
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             6155                                 8266
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             6156                                 8267
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             6160                                 8270
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             6161                                 8271
------------------------------------------------------------------------

       (11) Chapter 563.--Sections 6201, 6202, and 6203 are 
     redesignated as sections 8281, 8282, and 8283, respectively.
       (12) Chapter 565.--Sections 6221 and 6222 are redesignated 
     as sections 8286 and 8287, respectively.
       (13) Chapter 567.--Each section in chapter 567 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     2,050.
       (14) Chapter 569.--Section 6292 is redesignated as section 
     8317.
       (15) Chapter 571.--Each section in chapter 571 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     2,000.
       (16) Chapter 573.--Sections 6371, 6383, 6389, 6404, and 
     6408 are redesignated as sections 8371, 8372, 8373, 8374, and 
     8375, respectively.
       (17) Chapter 575.--Sections 6483, 6484, 6485, and 6486 are 
     redesignated as sections 8383, 8384, 8385, and 8386, 
     respectively.
       (18) Chapter 577.--Section 6522 is redesignated as section 
     8392.
       (c) Subtitle C, Part III, Section Numbers.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
     section in part III of such subtitle is redesignated so that 
     the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
     equal to the previous number plus 1,500.
       (2) Chapter 609.--Sections 7101, 7102, 7103, and 7104 are 
     redesignated as sections 8591, 8592, 8593, and 8594, 
     respectively.
       (d) Subtitle C, Part IV, Section Numbers.--The sections in 
     part IV of such subtitle are redesignated as follows:
       (1) Chapter 631.--Each section in chapter 631 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     1,400.
       (2) Chapter 633.--Each section in chapter 633 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     1,370.
       (3) Chapter 637.--Sections 7361, 7362, 7363, and 7364 are 
     redesignated as sections 8701, 8702, 8703, and 8704, 
     respectively.
       (4) Chapter 639.--Sections 7395 and 7396 are redesignated 
     as sections 8715 and 8716, respectively.
       (5) Chapter 641.--Each section in chapter 641 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     1,300.
       (6) Chapter 643.--Sections 7472, 7473, 7476, 7477, 7478, 
     7479, and 7480 are redesignated as sections 8742, 8743, 8746, 
     8747, 8748, 8749, and 8750, respectively.
       (7) Chapter 645.--Sections 7522, 7523, and 7524 are 
     redesignated as sections 8752, 8753, and 8754, respectively.
       (8) Chapter 647.--The sections in chapter 647 are 
     redesignated as follows:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Section                        Redesignated Section
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7541                                 8761
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7541a                                8761a
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7541b                                8761b
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7542                                 8762
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7543                                 8763
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7544                                 8764
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7545                                  8765
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7546                                  8766
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 7547                                 8767
------------------------------------------------------------------------

       (9) Chapters 649, 651, 653, and 655.--Each section in 
     chapters 649, 651, 653, and 655 is redesignated so that the 
     number of the section, as redesignated, is the number equal 
     to the previous number plus 1,200.
       (10) Chapter 657.--Each section in chapter 657 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     1,170.
       (11) Chapter 659.--Sections 7851, 7852, 7853, and 7854 are 
     redesignated as sections 8901, 8902, 8903, and 8904, 
     respectively.
       (12) Chapter 661.--Sections 7861, 7862, and 7863 are 
     redesignated as sections 8911, 8912, and 8913, respectively.
       (13) Chapter 663.--Section 7881 is redesignated as section 
     8921.
       (14) Chapter 665.--Sections 7901, 7902, and 7903 are 
     redesignated as sections 8931, 8932, and 8933, respectively.
       (15) Chapter 667.--Sections 7912 and 7913 are redesignated 
     as sections 8942 and 8943, respectively.
       (16) Chapter 669.--Section 7921 is redesignated as section 
     8951.
       (e) Subtitle C Chapter Numbers.--
       (1) Part I chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part I of such 
     subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, 
     as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number 
     plus 300, except that chapter 513 is redesignated as chapter 
     809.
       (2) Part II chapter numbers.--
       (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     each chapter in part II of such subtitle is redesignated so 
     that the number of the chapter, as redesignated, is the 
     number equal to the previous number plus 270.
       (B) Other chapters.--Chapter 533 is redesignated as chapter 
     811, chapter 535 is redesignated as chapter 812, chapter 537 
     is redesignated as chapter 813, and chapter 539 is 
     redesignated as chapter 815.
       (3) Part III chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part III of 
     such subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the 
     chapter, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
     number plus 250.
       (4) Part IV chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part IV of 
     such subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the 
     chapter, as redesignated,

[[Page H6711]]

     is the number equal to the previous number plus 228, except 
     that chapter 631 is redesignated as chapter 861 and chapter 
     633 is redesignated as chapter 863.
       (f) Subtitle C Tables of Sections and Tables of Chapters.--
       (1) Tables of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of each chapter of such subtitle is revised so as 
     to conform the section references in the table to the 
     redesignations made by subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d).
       (2) Tables of chapters.--The table of chapters at the 
     beginning of such subtitle, and the tables of chapters at the 
     beginning of each part of such subtitle, are revised so as to 
     conform the chapter references and section references in 
     those tables to the redesignations made by this section.

     SEC. 808. REDESIGNATION OF SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS OF SUBTITLE 
                   B OF TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE--ARMY.

       (a) Subtitle B, Part I, Section Numbers.--Each section in 
     part I of subtitle B of title 10, United States Code, is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     4,000.
       (b) Subtitle B, Part II, Section Numbers.--The sections in 
     part II of such subtitle are redesignated as follows:
       (1) Chapter 331.--Sections 3201 and 3210 are redesignated 
     as sections 7101 and 7110, respectively.
       (2) Chapter 333.--Sections 3251, 3258, and 3262 are 
     redesignated as sections 7131, 7138, and 7142, respectively.
       (3) Chapter 335.--Sections 3281, 3282, and 3283 are 
     redesignated as sections 7151, 7152, and 7153, respectively.
       (4) Chapter 339.--Section 3446 is redesignated as sections 
     7176.
       (5) Chapter 341.--Sections 3491 and 3503 are redesignated 
     as sections 7191 and 7203, respectively.
       (6) Chapter 343.--Sections 3533, 3534, 3536, 3547 and 3548 
     are redesignated as sections 7213, 7214, 7216, 7217, and 
     7218, respectively.
       (7) Chapter 345.--Sections 3572, 3575, 3579, 3581, and 3583 
     are redesignated as sections 7222, 7225, 7229, 7231, and 
     7233, respectively.
       (8) Chapter 349.--Section 3639 is redesignated as section 
     7239.
       (9) Chapter 353.--Sections 3681, 3684, and 3691 are 
     redesignated as sections 7251, 7252, and 7253, respectively.
       (10) Chapter 355.--Section 3723 is redesignated as section 
     7263.
       (11) Chapter 357.--Each section in chapter 357 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     3,530.
       (12) Chapter 367.--Each section in chapter 367 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     3,400.
       (13) Chapter 369.--Sections 3961, 3962, 3963, 3964, 3965, 
     and 3966 are redesignated as sections 7341, 7342, 7343, 7344, 
     7345, and 7346, respectively.
       (14) Chapter 371.--Sections 3991 and 3992 are redesignated 
     as sections 7361 and 7362, respectively.
       (15) Chapter 373.--Sections 4021, 4024, 4025, and 4027 are 
     redesignated as sections 7371, 7374, 7375, and 7377, 
     respectively.
       (16) Chapter 375.--Section 4061 is redesignated as section 
     7381.
       (c) Subtitle B, Part III, Section Numbers.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
     section in part III of such subtitle is redesignated so that 
     the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
     equal to the previous number plus 3,100.
       (2) Chapter 407.--Each section in chapter 407 is 
     redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     3,070.
       (d) Subtitle B, Part IV, Section Numbers.--Each section in 
     part IV of such subtitle is redesignated so that the number 
     of the section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the 
     previous number plus 3,000.
       (e) Subtitle B Chapter Numbers.--
       (1) Part I chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part I of such 
     subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, 
     as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number 
     plus 400.
       (2) Part II chapter numbers.--
       (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     each chapter in part II of such subtitle is redesignated so 
     that the number of the chapter, as redesignated, is the 
     number equal to the previous number plus 380.
       (B) Other chapters.--Chapters 367, 369, 371, 373, and 375 
     are each redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
     redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
     374.
       (3) Part III chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part III of 
     such subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the 
     chapter, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
     number plus 350.
       (4) Part IV chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part IV of 
     such subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the 
     chapter, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
     number plus 330.
       (f) Subtitle B Tables of Sections and Tables of Chapters.--
       (1) Tables of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of each chapter of such subtitle is revised so as 
     to conform the section references in the table to the 
     redesignations made by subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d).
       (2) Tables of chapters.--The table of chapters at the 
     beginning of such subtitle, and the tables of chapters at the 
     beginning of each part of such subtitle, are revised so as to 
     conform the chapter references and section references in 
     those tables to the redesignations made by this section.

     SEC. 809. CROSS REFERENCES TO REDESIGNATED SECTIONS AND 
                   CHAPTERS.

       (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Each provision of title 
     10, United States Code (including the table of subtitles 
     preceding subtitle A), that contains a reference to a section 
     or chapter redesignated by this part is amended so that the 
     reference refers to the number of the section or chapter as 
     redesignated.
       (b) Laws Classified as Title 10, United States Code, Note 
     Sections.--
       (1) Section 1111 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 
     10 U.S.C. 143 note) is amended by striking ``sections 143, 
     194, 3014, 5014, and 8014'' in subsections (a) and (b) and 
     inserting ``sections 143, 194, 7014, 8014, and 9014''.
       (2) Section 4403(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 1293 
     note) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 3911'' and 
     inserting ``section 7311''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``section 3914'' and 
     inserting ``section 7314'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 6323'' and 
     inserting ``section 8323''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``section 6330'' and 
     inserting ``section 8330''; and
       (C) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 8911'' and 
     inserting ``section 9311''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``section 8914'' and 
     inserting ``section 9314''.
       (3) Section 598(d)(4) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 1561 
     note) is amended by striking ``sections 4361, 6980, and 
     9361'' and inserting ``sections 7461, 8480, and 9461''.
       (4) Section 549(a)(2)(B) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 
     U.S.C. 1580 note prec.) is amended by striking ``section 
     4348, 6959, or 9348'' and inserting ``section 7448, 8459, or 
     9448''.
       (5) Section 505(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 3201 
     note) is amended by striking ``section 3201'' and inserting 
     ``section 7101''.
       (6) Section 586(g)(1) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 3741 
     note) is amended by striking ``section 3744, 6248, or 8744'' 
     and inserting ``section 7274, 8296, or 9274''.
       (7) Section 2 of Public Law 89-650 (10 U.S.C. 4343 note) is 
     amended--
       (A) by striking ``sections 4342(b)(1), 6954(b), and 
     9342(b)(1)'' and inserting ``sections 7442(b)(1), 8454(b), 
     and 9442(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code,''; and
       (B) by striking ``sections 4343, 6956, and 9343 of title 
     10, United States Code'' and inserting ``sections 7443, 8456, 
     and 9443 of such title''.
       (8) Section 323 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 4551 
     note) is amended by striking ``section 4551(2)'' and 
     inserting ``section 7551(2)''.
       (9) Section 343 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 4554 note) 
     is amended by striking ``section 4554(a)(3)(A)'' and 
     inserting ``section 7554(a)(3)(A)''.
       (10) Section 589(c) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 7049 
     note) is amended by striking ``sections 7049(a) and 
     9314a(a)'' and inserting ``sections 8549(a) and 9414a(a)''.
       (11) Section 131(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 8062 note) 
     is amended by striking ``section 8062'' and inserting 
     ``section 9062''.
       (12) Section 2 of Public Law 86-593 (10 U.S.C. 8744 note) 
     is amended by striking ``sections 8744(a) and 8750(b)'' and 
     inserting ``sections 9274(a) and 9280(b)''.
       (c) Title 5, United States Code.--
       (1) Section 5102(c) of title 5, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in paragraph (10)--
       (i) by striking ``section 1595, 4021, 7478, or 9021 of 
     title 10'' and inserting ``section 1595, 7371, 8748, or 9371 
     of title 10'';
       (ii) by striking ``sections 4338, 6952, and 9338, 
     respectively, of title 10'' and inserting ``sections 7438, 
     8452, and 9438, respectively, of title 10'';
       (iii) by striking ``section 7044 of title 10'' and 
     inserting ``section 8544 of title 10''; and
       (iv) by striking ``section 7043 of title 10'' and inserting 
     ``section 8543 of title 10''; and
       (B) in paragraph (28), by striking ``section 9314 of title 
     10'' and inserting ``section 9414 of title 10''.
       (2) Section 504(c) of the Department of Defense 
     Authorization Act, 1986 (Public Law 99-145; 5 U.S.C. 5102 
     note), is amended by striking ``Section 9314(b)(2) of title 
     10, United States Code'' and inserting ``Section 9414(b)(2) 
     of title 10, United States Code''.
       (3) Section 5514(c) of title 5, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``section 4837(d) or 9837(d) of title 
     10'' and inserting ``section 7837(d) or 9837(d) of title 
     10''.
       (4) Section 8150(b) of title 5, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``section 9441 of title 10'' and 
     inserting ``section 9491 of title 10''.
       (d) Laws Classified in Title 7, United States Code.--The 
     7th proviso in the paragraph under the heading ``SALARIES'' 
     in the Department of Agriculture Appropriation Act, 1937 (7 
     U.S.C. 2238), is amended by striking ``the Act of March 3, 
     1879 (20 Stat. 412)'' and inserting ``section 7655 of title 
     10, United States Code''.
       (e) Title 18, United States Code.--
       (1) Section 704 of title 18, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (c)(2)--
       (i) by striking ``section 3741, 6241, or 8741 of title 10'' 
     in subparagraph (A) and inserting ``section 7271, 8291, or 
     9271 of title 10'';
       (ii) by striking ``section 3754, 6256, or 8754 of title 
     10'' in subparagraph (B) and inserting ``section 7284, 8306, 
     or 9284 of title 10''; and

[[Page H6712]]

       (iii) by striking ``section 3747, 6253, or 8747 of title 
     10'' in subparagraph (C) and inserting ``section 7277, 8303, 
     or 9277 of title 10''; and
       (B) in subsection (d)(1)--
       (i) by striking ``section 3742 of title 10'' and inserting 
     ``section 7272 of title 10'';
       (ii) by striking ``section 6242 of title 10'' and inserting 
     ``section 8292 of title 10'';
       (iii) by striking ``section 8742 of section 10'' and 
     inserting ``section 9272 of title 10''; and
       (iv) by striking ``section 3746, 6244, or 8746 of title 
     10'' and inserting ``section 7276, 8294, or 9276 of title 
     10''.
       (2) Section 921(a)(4) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``section 4684(2), 4685, or 4686 of title 10'' in the matter 
     after subparagraph (C) and inserting ``section 7684(2), 7685, 
     or 7686 of title 10''
       (3) Section 925(d)(1) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``chapter 401 of title 10'' and inserting ``chapter 751 of 
     title 10''.
       (f) Laws Classified in Title 22, United States Code.--
     Section 44 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2793) is 
     amended by striking ``section 7307 of title 10 of the United 
     States Code'' and inserting ``section 8677 of title 10, 
     United States Code''.
       (g) Laws Classified in Title 24, United States Code.--
     Section 1520(a) of the Armed Forces Retirement Home Act of 
     1991 (24 U.S.C. 420(a)) is amended by striking ``sections 
     4712(f) and 9712(f) of title 10, United States Code'' in the 
     matter before paragraph (1) and inserting ``sections 7712(f) 
     and 9712(f) of title 10, United States Code''.
       (h) Laws Classified in Title 26, United States Code.--
       (1) Section 170(p)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 
     is amended by striking ``section 6973 of title 10, United 
     States Code'' and inserting ``section 8473 of title 10, 
     United States Code''.
       (2) Section 2055(g) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is 
     amended--
       (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``section 7222 of title 
     10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 8622 of 
     title 10, United States Code'';
       (B) in paragraph (9), by striking ``section 6973 of title 
     10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 8473 of 
     title 10, United States Code''; and
       (C) in paragraph (10), by striking ``section 6974 of title 
     10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 8474 of 
     title 10, United States Code''.
       (3) Section 5845(f) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is 
     amended by striking ``section 4684(2), 4685, or 4686 of title 
     10 of the United States Code'' and inserting ``section 
     7684(2), 7685, or 7686 of title 10, United States Code''.
       (i) Laws Classified in Title 30, United States Code.--
       (1) Section 35(a) of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 
     191(a)) is amended by striking ``the Act of June 4, 1920 (41 
     Stat. 813), as amended June 30, 1938 (52 Stat. 1252)'' before 
     the period at the end of the first sentence and inserting 
     ``section 8733(b) of title 10, United States Code''.
       (2) Section 4 of the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands 
     (30 U.S.C. 353) is amended by striking ``the Act of June 30, 
     1938 (32 Stat. 1252), amending the Act of June 4, 1920 (41 
     Stat. 813)'' before the period at the end and inserting 
     ``chapter 869 of title 10, United States Code''.
       (j) Title 32, United States Code.--Section 113(b)(1)(A) of 
     title 32, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     ``section 3013(b) of title 10'' and inserting ``section 
     7013(b) of title 10''.
       (k) Laws Classified in Title 33, United States Code.--
       (1) Section 902(c)(2) of the Oceans and Human Health Act 
     (33 U.S.C. 3101(c)(2)) is amended by striking ``(10 U.S.C. 
     7902(a))'' and inserting ``(10 U.S.C. 8932(a))''.
       (2) Section 12406(a)(3) of the Federal Ocean Acidification 
     Research And Monitoring Act of 2009 (33 U.S.C. 3705(a)(3)) is 
     amended by striking ``section 7901 of title 10, United States 
     Code'' and inserting ``section 8931 of title 10, United 
     States Code''.
       (l) Title 36, United States Code.--
       (1) Section 903(b) of title 36, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``sections 3755, 6257, and 8755 of title 
     10'' and inserting ``sections 7285, 8307, and 9285 of title 
     10''.
       (2) Section 40303(b) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``section 9447 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 9497 of 
     title 10''.
       (m) Title 37, United States Code.--
       (1) Section 207(c) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``section 6222 of title 10'' and 
     inserting ``section 8287 of title 10''.
       (2) Section 301a(a)(6)(D) of such title is amended by 
     striking ``section 6911 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 
     8411 of title 10''.
       (3) Section 334(h)(4) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``section 6911 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 8411 of 
     title 10''.
       (4) Section 424(c) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``section 6222 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 8287 of 
     title 10''.
       (n) Title 38, United States Code.--
       (1) The following provisions of chapter 17 of title 38, 
     United States Code, are amended by striking ``section 3741, 
     6241, or 8741 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 7271, 
     8291, or 9271 of title 10'':
       (A) Section 1705(a)(1).
       (B) Section 1710(a)(2)(D).
       (C) Section 1710B(c)(2)(D).
       (D) Section 1722A(a)(3)(D).
       (2) Section 2306(d)(5) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``section 3741, 6241, or 8741 of title 10'' in subparagraphs 
     (C)(iii) and (D) and inserting ``section 7271, 8291, or 9271 
     of title 10''.
       (3) Section 3311(d)(2) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``section 4348, 6959, or 9348 of title 10'' and inserting 
     ``section 7448, 8459, or 9448 of title 10''.
       (n) Laws Classified in Title 42, United States Code.--
       (1) Section 106 of the Naval Petroleum Reserves Production 
     Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6506) is amended by striking ``section 
     7430 of title 10, United States Code'' and inserting 
     ``section 8730 of title 10, United States Code''.
       (2) Section 3022 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 
     6939d) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``section 7293 and 
     sections 7304 through 7308 of title 10, United States Code'' 
     and inserting ``section 8663 and sections 8674 through 8678 
     of title 10, United States Code''; and
       (B) in subsection (d), by striking ``section 7311 of title 
     10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 8681 of 
     title 10, United States Code''.
       (3) The Department of Energy Organization Act is amended--
       (A) in section 307 (42 U.S.C. 7156), by striking ``chapter 
     641 of title 10, United States Code'' in the matter before 
     paragraph (1) and inserting ``chapter 869 of title 10, United 
     States Code''; and
       (B) in section 625(a) (42 U.S.C. 7235(a)), by striking 
     ``chapter 641 of title 10, United States Code'' and inserting 
     ``chapter 869 of title 10, United States Code''.
       (4) Section 102(f)(3) of the Uranium Mill Tailings 
     Radiation Control Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 7912(f)(3)) is 
     amended by striking ``(10 U.S.C. 7420 note; Public Law 105-
     261)'' in the matter before subparagraph (A) and inserting 
     ``(10 U.S.C. 8720 note; Public Law 105-261)''.
       (p) Laws Classified in Title 43, United States Code.--
     Section 2(e) of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 
     U.S.C. 1601(e)) is amended by striking ``sections 7421 
     through 7438 of title 10 of the United States Code'' and 
     inserting ``sections 8721 through 8738 of title 10, United 
     States Code,''.
       (q) Title 46, United States Code.--Section 57100(d)(1) of 
     title 46, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     ``section 7310 of title 10, United States Code,'' and 
     inserting ``section 8680 of title 10''.
       (r) Laws Classified in Title 50, United States Code.--
     Section 505(a)(2)(B)(i) of the National Security Act of 1947 
     (50 U.S.C. 3095(a)(2)(B)(i)) is amended by striking 
     ``(including a law enacted pursuant to section 7307(a) of 
     that title)'' and inserting ``(including a law enacted 
     pursuant to section 8677(a) of title 10)''.
       (s) Title 54, United States Code.--Section 303102 of title 
     54, United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 
     7433(b) of title 10'' and inserting ``section 8733(b) of 
     title 10''.
       (t) Deeming Rule for Other References.--Any reference in a 
     provision of law (other than a provision amended by this 
     section) to a section or chapter redesignated by this part 
     shall be deemed to refer to the section or chapter as so 
     redesignated.

   PART III--REPEALS OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION LAW

     SEC. 811. AMENDMENT TO AND REPEAL OF STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS 
                   FOR CERTAIN POSITIONS OR OFFICES IN THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Amendment Relating to Director of Corrosion Policy and 
     Oversight.--Section 2228(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking ``, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``and Sustainment'' both places it appears; and
       (2) by striking ``The Director shall report directly to the 
     Under Secretary'' at the end of paragraph (2).
       (b) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Office of 
     Technology Transition.--
       (1) Repeal.--Section 2515 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is repealed.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter III of chapter 148 of such title is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 2515.
       (c) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Office for Foreign 
     Defense Critical Technology Monitoring and Assessment.--
       (1) Repeal.--Section 2517 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is repealed.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter III of chapter 148 of such title is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 2517.
       (d) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Defense Logistics 
     Agency Advocate for Competition.--
       (1) Repeal.--Section 2318 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (a); and
       (B) by striking ``(b)'' before ``Each advocate''.
       (2) Technical amendments.--Such section is further 
     amended--
       (A) by striking ``advocate for competition of'' and 
     inserting ``advocate for competition designated pursuant to 
     section 1705(a) of title 41 for''; and
       (B) by striking ``a grade GS-16 or above under the General 
     Schedule (or in a comparable or higher position under another 
     schedule)'' and inserting ``in a position classified above 
     GS-15 pursuant to section 5108 of title 5''.
       (e) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Designation of 
     Individual to Serve as Primary Liaison Between the 
     Procurement and Research and Development Activities of the 
     United States Armed Forces and Those of the State of 
     Israel.--Section 1006 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2040; 10 
     U.S.C. 133a note) is repealed.
       (f) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Designation of 
     Senior Official to Coordinate and Manage Human Systems 
     Integration Activities Related to Acquisition Programs.--
     Section 231 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 45; 10 U.S.C. 
     1701 note) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--''; and
       (2) by striking subsections (b), (c), and (d).
       (g) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Designation of 
     Senior Official Responsible

[[Page H6713]]

     for Focus on Urgent Operational Needs and Rapid 
     Acquisition.--Section 902 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 
     126 Stat. 1865; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is repealed.
       (h) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Designation of 
     Senior Official Responsible for Dual-use Projects Under Dual-
     use Science and Technology Program.--Section 203 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 
     (Public Law 105-85; 10 U.S.C. 2511 note) is amended by 
     striking subsection (c).
       (i) Submission of Notice and Plan to Congress.--Not less 
     than 30 days before reorganizing, restructuring, or 
     eliminating any position or office specified in this section, 
     the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives notice of 
     such reorganization, restructuring, or elimination together 
     with a plan to ensure that mission requirements are met and 
     appropriate oversight is conducted in carrying out such 
     reorganization, restructuring, or elimination. Such plan 
     shall address how user needs will be met and how associated 
     roles and responsibilities will be accomplished for each 
     position or office that the Secretary determines requiring 
     reorganization, restructuring, or elimination.

     SEC. 812. REPEAL OF CERTAIN DEFENSE ACQUISITION LAWS.

       (a) Title 10, United States Code.--
       (1) Section 167a.--
       (A) Repeal.--Section 167a of title 10, United States Code, 
     is repealed.
       (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 6 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 167a.
       (C) Conforming amendment.--Section 905(a)(1) of the John 
     Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 133a note) is amended by 
     striking ``166b, 167, or 167a'' and inserting ``166b or 
     167''.
       (2) Section 2323.--
       (A) Repeal.--Section 2323 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is repealed.
       (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 137 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 2323.
       (C) Conforming amendments.--
       (i) Section 853(c) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note) is amended by striking ``section 2323 of title 10, 
     United States Code, and''.
       (ii) Section 831(n) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note) is amended--

       (I) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``, as in effect on 
     March 1, 2018'' after ``section 2323 of title 10, United 
     States Code''; and
       (II) in paragraph (6), by striking ``section 2323 of title 
     10, United States Code, and''.

       (iii) Section 8304(1) of the Federal Acquisition 
     Streamlining Act of 1994 (10 U.S.C. 2375 note) is amended by 
     striking ``section 2323 of title 10, United States Code, 
     or''.
       (iv) Section 10004(a)(1) of the Federal Acquisition 
     Streamlining Act of 1994 (41 U.S.C. 1122 note) is amended by 
     striking ``section 2323 of title 10, United States Code, 
     or''.
       (v) Section 2304(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``and concerns other than'' and all that 
     follows through ``this title''.
       (vi) Section 2304e(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--

       (I) by striking ``other than--'' and all that follows 
     through ``small'' and inserting ``other than small'';
       (II) by striking ``; or'' and inserting a period; and
       (III) by striking paragraph (2).

       (vii) Section 2323a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``section 2323 of this title and''.
       (viii) Section 15 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644) 
     is amended--

       (I) in subsection (j)(3), by striking ``section 2323 of 
     title 10, United States Code,'';
       (II) in subsection (k)(10)--

       (aa) by striking ``or section 2323 of title 10, United 
     States Code,'' and all that follows through ``subsection 
     (m),''; and
       (bb) by striking ``subsection (a),'' and inserting 
     ``subsection (a) or''; and

       (III) by amending subsection (m) to read as follows:

       ``(m) Additional Duties of Procurement Center 
     Representatives.--All procurement center representatives 
     (including those referred to in subsection (k)(6)), in 
     addition to such other duties as may be assigned by the 
     Administrator, shall increase, insofar as possible, the 
     number and dollar value of procurements that may be used for 
     the programs established under this section and section 
     8(a).''.
       (ix) Section 1902(b)(1) of title 41, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``, section 2323 of title 10,''.
       (3) Section 2332.--
       (A) Repeal.--Section 2332 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is repealed.
       (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 137 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 2332.
       (b) Other Provisions of Law.--The following provisions of 
     law are repealed:
       (1) Section 934 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 2223a 
     note).
       (2) Section 804 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2223a 
     note).
       (3) Section 804 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note).
       (4) Section 829 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note).
       (5) Section 818(g) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note).
       (6) Section 815(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note).
       (7) Section 141 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 
     10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
       (8) Section 801(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note).
       (9) Section 352 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 
     10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
       (10) Section 9004 of the Department of Defense 
     Appropriations Act, 1990 (Public Law 101-165; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note).
       (11) Section 802 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 
     10 U.S.C. 2304 note).
       (12) Section 813 of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     10 U.S.C. 2304 note).
       (13) Section 391 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 10 U.S.C. 2304 
     note).
       (14) Section 927(b) of Public Laws 99-500, 99-591, and 99-
     661 (10 U.S.C. 2304 note).
       (15) Section 1222(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 1987 (Public Law 99-661; 10 U.S.C. 2304 
     note).
       (16) Section 814(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2304a 
     note).
       (17) Section 834 of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     10 U.S.C. 2304b note).
       (18) Section 803 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 
     10 U.S.C. 2306a note).
       (19) Section 1075 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2315 
     note).
       (20) Section 818 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2324 
     note).
       (21) Sections 908(a), (b), (c), and (e) of Public Laws 99-
     500, 99-591, and 99-661 (10 U.S.C. 2326 note).
       (22) Section 807 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2330 
     note).
       (23) Section 808(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2330 
     note).
       (24) Section 812(b)-(c) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 
     10 U.S.C. 2330 note).
       (25) Section 801(d)-(f) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 
     10 U.S.C. 2330 note).
       (26) Section 802 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 10 U.S.C. 2330 
     note).
       (27) Section 831 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 
     10 U.S.C. 2330a note).
       (28) Section 1032 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
       (29) Section 241 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
       (30) Section 913(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (Public Law 106-65; 10 U.S.C. 2364 
     note).
       (31) Sections 234(a) and (b) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1987 (Public Law 99-661; 10 
     U.S.C. 2364 note).
       (32) Section 943(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2366a 
     note).
       (33) Section 801 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1990 (Public Law 101-189; 10 U.S.C. 2399 
     note).
       (34) Section 8133 of the Department of Defense 
     Appropriations Act, 2000 (Public Law 106-79; 10 U.S.C. 2401a 
     note).
       (35) Section 807(b) of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     10 U.S.C. 2410p note).
       (36) Section 1058 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
       (37) Section 838 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 U.S.C. 2430 
     note).
       (38) Section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2430 
     note).
       (39) Section 833 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 U.S.C. 2430 
     note).
       (40) Section 839 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 U.S.C. 2430 
     note).
       (41) Section 819 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2430 
     note).
       (42) Section 5064 of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining 
     Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-355; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
       (43) Section 803 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 10 U.S.C. 2430 
     note).
       (44) Section 328 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2458 
     note).
       (45) Section 347 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 
     10 U.S.C. 2458 note).
       (46) Section 349 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 
     10 U.S.C. 2458 note).

[[Page H6714]]

       (47) Section 395 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 10 U.S.C. 2458 
     note).
       (48) Section 325 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 
     10 U.S.C. 2461 note).
       (49) Section 336 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2461 
     note).
       (50) Section 353(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 2461 
     note).
       (51) Section 353(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 2461 
     note).
       (52) Section 356 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 2461 
     note).
       (53) Section 1010 of the USA Patriot Act of 2001 (Public 
     Law 107-56; 10 U.S.C. 2465 note).
       (54) Section 4101 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 2500 
     note).
       (55) Section 852 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2504 
     note).
       (56) Section 823 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2521 
     note).
       (57) Section 823 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 
     10 U.S.C. 2533b note).
       (58) Section 804(h) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2533b 
     note).
       (59) Section 842(b) of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     10 U.S.C. 2533b note).
       (60) Section 343 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law 
     by Public Law 106-398; 10 U.S.C. 4551 note).

     SEC. 813. REPEAL OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORTING 
                   REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) Amendments to Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended as follows:
       (1) Section 231a.--
       (A) Repeal.--Section 231a is repealed.
       (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 9 is amended by striking the item 
     relating to section 231a.
       (2) Section 2276.--Section 2276 is amended by striking 
     subsection (e).
       (b) NDAA for FY 2008.--The National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181) is amended--
       (1) in section 911(f) (10 U.S.C. 2271 note)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``; Biennial 
     Update'';
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``, and each update 
     required by paragraph (2),''; and
       (C) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating paragraph 
     (3) as paragraph (2); and
       (2) in section 1034--
       (A) by striking subsection (d); and
       (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
       (c) NDAA for FY 2009.--Section 1047(d) of the Duncan Hunter 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
     (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2366b note) is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Bandwidth'' 
     and all that follows through ``The Secretary'' and inserting 
     ``Bandwidth Requirements.--The Secretary''; and
       (2) by striking paragraph (2).
       (d) NDAA for FY 2010.--Section 1244 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 22 
     U.S.C. 1928 note) is amended by striking subsection (d).
       (e) NDAA for FY 2011.--Section 1217 of the Ike Skelton 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
     (Public Law 111-383; 22 U.S.C. 7513 note) is amended by 
     striking subsection (i).
       (f) NDAA for FY 2013.--Section 524 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 
     126 Stat. 1723; 10 U.S.C. 1222 note) is amended by striking 
     subsection (c).
       (g) NDAA for FY 2015.--Section 1026(d) of the Carl Levin 
     and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3490) 
     is repealed.
       (h) Military Construction Authorization Act, 1982.--Section 
     703 of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1982 
     (Public Law 97-99; 95 Stat. 1376) is amended by striking 
     subsection (g).
       (i) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) NDAA for fy 2017.--Section 1061 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     10 U.S.C. 111 note) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (c), by striking paragraphs (16) and 
     (41);
       (B) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (3);
       (C) in subsection (f), by striking paragraph (1);
       (D) in subsection (g), by striking paragraph (3);
       (E) in subsection (h), by striking paragraph (3); and
       (F) in subsection (i), by striking paragraphs (15), (17), 
     and (24).
       (2) NDAA for fy 2000.--Section 1031 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (Public Law 106-65; 
     113 Stat. 749; 31 U.S.C. 1113 note) is amended by striking 
     paragraph (32).

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

     SEC. 816. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATIONS ON SINGLE SOURCE TASK 
                   OR DELIVERY ORDER CONTRACTS.

       Section 2304a(d)(3)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``reasonably perform the work'' and 
     inserting ``efficiently perform the work''.

     SEC. 817. PRELIMINARY COST ANALYSIS REQUIREMENT FOR EXERCISE 
                   OF MULTIYEAR CONTRACT AUTHORITY.

       Section 2306b(i)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``made after the completion of a cost 
     analysis'' and inserting ``supported by a preliminary cost 
     analysis''; and
       (2) by striking ``for the purpose of section 2334(e)(1) of 
     this title, and that the analysis supports those preliminary 
     findings''.

     SEC. 818. REVISION OF REQUIREMENT TO SUBMIT INFORMATION ON 
                   SERVICES CONTRACTS TO CONGRESS.

       (a) Revision.--Section 2329(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``October 1, 2022'' and inserting ``October 
     1, 2021''; and
       (2) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``at or about'' and inserting ``at or 
     before''; and
       (B) by inserting ``or on the date on which the future-years 
     defense program is submitted to Congress under section 221 of 
     this title'' after ``title 31'';
       (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (4) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) be included in the future-years defense program 
     submitted to Congress under section 221 of this title.''.
       (b) Briefing Requirement on Services Contracts.--Not later 
     than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and every 180 days thereafter until the requirements of 
     section 2329(b) of title 10, United States Code, are met, the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
     shall brief the congressional defense committees on the 
     progress of Department of Defense efforts to meet the 
     requirements of such section, including relevant information 
     on the methodology and implementation plans for future 
     compliance.

     SEC. 819. DATA COLLECTION AND INVENTORY FOR SERVICES 
                   CONTRACTS.

       Section 2330a of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     in subsection (c)(1)--
       (1) by inserting ``and contracts closely associated with 
     inherently governmental functions'' after ``staff 
     augmentation contracts''; and
       (2) by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.

     SEC. 820. REPORT ON CLARIFICATION OF SERVICES CONTRACTING 
                   DEFINITIONS.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report clarifying the 
     definitions of and relationships between terms used by the 
     Department of Defense related to services contracting, 
     including the appropriate use of personal services contracts 
     and nonpersonal services contracts, and the responsibilities 
     of individuals in the acquisition workforce with respect to 
     such contracts.

     SEC. 821. INCREASE IN MICRO-PURCHASE THRESHOLD APPLICABLE TO 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) In General.--Section 2338 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``Notwithstanding subsection (a) 
     of section 1902 of title 41, the micro-purchase threshold for 
     the Department of Defense for purposes of such section is 
     $5,000'' and inserting ``The micro-purchase threshold for the 
     Department of Defense is $10,000''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1902(a)(1) of title 41, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking ``sections 2338 
     and 2339 of title 10 and''.
       (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Section 2339 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is repealed.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 2339.

     SEC. 822. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING DISPUTE MATTERS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     carry out a study of the frequency and effects of bid 
     protests involving the same contract award or proposed award 
     that have been filed at both the Government Accountability 
     Office and the United States Court of Federal Claims. The 
     study shall cover Department of Defense contracts and 
     include, at a minimum--
       (1) the number of protests that have been filed with both 
     tribunals and results;
       (2) the number of such protests where the tribunals 
     differed in denying or sustaining the action;
       (3) the length of time, in average time and median time--
       (A) from initial filing at the Government Accountability 
     Office to decision in the United States Court of Federal 
     Claims;
       (B) from filing with each tribunal to decision by such 
     tribunal;
       (C) from the time at which the basis of the protest is 
     known to the time of filing in each tribunal; and
       (D) in the case of an appeal from a decision of the United 
     States Court of Federal Claims, from the date of the initial 
     filing of the appeal to decision in the appeal;
       (4) the number of protests where performance was stayed or 
     enjoined and for how long;
       (5) if performance was stayed or enjoined, whether the 
     requirement was obtained in the interim through another 
     vehicle or in-house, or

[[Page H6715]]

     whether during the period of the stay or enjoining the 
     requirement went unfulfilled;
       (6) separately for each tribunal, the number of protests 
     where performance was stayed or enjoined and monetary damages 
     were awarded, which shall include for how long performance 
     was stayed or enjoined and the amount of monetary damages;
       (7) whether the protestor was a large or small business; 
     and
       (8) whether the protestor was the incumbent in a prior 
     contract for the same or similar product or service.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees, the Committee on the 
     Judiciary of the Senate, and the Committee on the Judiciary 
     of the House of Representatives a report on the results of 
     the study, along with related recommendations for improving 
     the expediency of the bid protest process. In preparing the 
     report, the Secretary shall consult with the Attorney General 
     of the United States, the Comptroller General of the United 
     States, and the United States Court of Federal Claims.
       (c) Ongoing Data Collection.--Not later than 270 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall establish and continuously maintain a data 
     repository to collect on an ongoing basis the information 
     described in subsection (a) and any additional relevant bid 
     protest data the Secretary determines necessary and 
     appropriate to allow the Department of Defense, the 
     Government Accountability Office, and the United States Court 
     of Federal Claims to assess and review bid protests over 
     time.
       (d) Establishment of Expedited Process for Small Value 
     Contracts.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan and schedule for an 
     expedited bid protest process for Department of Defense 
     contracts with a value of less than $100,000.
       (2) Consultation.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
     Secretary of Defense may consult with the Government 
     Accountability Office and the United States Court of Federal 
     Claims to the extent such entities may establish a similar 
     process at their election.
       (3) Report.--Not later than May 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report on the plan and schedule for implementation of the 
     expedited bid protest process, which shall include a request 
     for any additional authorities the Secretary determines 
     appropriate for such efforts.

     SEC. 823. INCLUSION OF BEST AVAILABLE INFORMATION REGARDING 
                   PAST PERFORMANCE OF SUBCONTRACTORS AND JOINT 
                   VENTURE PARTNERS.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
     Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council and the Administrator 
     for Federal Procurement Policy, shall develop policies for 
     the Department of Defense to ensure the best information 
     regarding past performance of certain subcontractors and 
     joint venture partners is available when awarding Department 
     of Defense contracts. The policies shall include proposed 
     revisions to the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation 
     Supplement as follows:
       (1) Required performance evaluations, as part of a 
     government-wide evaluation reporting tool, for first-tier 
     subcontractors on construction and architect-engineer 
     contracts performing a portion of the contract valued at the 
     threshold set forth in section 42.1502(e) of the Federal 
     Acquisition Regulation, or 20 percent of the value of the 
     prime contract, whichever is higher, provided--
       (A) the information included in rating the subcontractor is 
     not inconsistent with the information included in the rating 
     for the prime contractor;
       (B) the subcontractor evaluation is conducted consistent 
     with the provisions of section 42.15 of the Federal 
     Acquisition Regulation;
       (C) negative evaluations of a subcontractor in no way 
     obviate the prime contractor's responsibility for successful 
     completion of the contract and management of its 
     subcontractors; and
       (D) that in the judgment of the contracting officer, the 
     overall execution of the work is impacted by the performance 
     of the subcontractor or subcontractors.
       (2) Required performance evaluations, as part of a 
     government-wide evaluation reporting tool, of individual 
     partners of joint venture-awarded construction and architect-
     engineer contracts valued at the threshold set forth in 
     section 42.1502(e) of the Federal Acquisition Regulation, to 
     ensure that past performance on joint venture projects is 
     considered in future awards to individual joint venture 
     partners, provided--
       (A) at a minimum, the rating for joint ventures includes an 
     identification that allows the evaluation to be retrieved for 
     each partner of the joint venture;
       (B) each partner, through the joint venture, is given the 
     same opportunity to submit comments, rebutting statements, or 
     additional information, consistent with the provisions of 
     section 42.15 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation; and
       (C) the rating clearly identifies the responsibilities of 
     joint venture partners for discrete elements of the work 
     where the partners are not jointly and severally responsible 
     for the project.
       (3) Processes to request exceptions from the annual 
     evaluation requirement under section 42.1502(a) of the 
     Federal Acquisition Regulation for construction and 
     architect-engineer contracts where submission of the annual 
     evaluations would not provide the best representation of the 
     performance of a contractor, including subcontractors and 
     joint venture partners, including--
       (A) where no severable element of the work has been 
     completed;
       (B) where the contracting officer determines that--
       (i) an insubstantial portion of the contract work has been 
     completed in the preceding year; and
       (ii) the lack of performance is at no fault to the 
     contractor; or
       (C) where the contracting officer determines that there is 
     an issue in dispute which, until resolved, would likely cause 
     the annual rating to inaccurately reflect the past 
     performance of the contractor.

     SEC. 824. SUBCONTRACTING PRICE AND APPROVED PURCHASING 
                   SYSTEMS.

       (a) Amendment.--Section 893 of the Ike Skelton National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 
     111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (g), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(5) The term `approved purchasing system' has the meaning 
     given the term in section 44.101 of the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation (or any similar regulation).''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(i) Consent to Subcontract.--If the contractor on a 
     Department of Defense contract requiring a contracting 
     officer's written consent prior to the contractor entering 
     into a subcontract has an approved purchasing system, the 
     contracting officer may not withhold such consent without the 
     written approval of the program manager.''.
       (b) Conforming Regulations.--Not later than 120 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall revise the Defense Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation Supplement to conform with the amendments to 
     section 893 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note) made by this section.

     SEC. 825. MODIFICATION OF CRITERIA FOR WAIVERS OF REQUIREMENT 
                   FOR CERTIFIED COST AND PRICE DATA.

       Section 817(b)(2) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 
     10 U.S.C. 2306a note) is amended by striking ``; and'' and 
     inserting ``; or''.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

     SEC. 831. REVISIONS IN AUTHORITY RELATING TO PROGRAM COST 
                   TARGETS AND FIELDING TARGETS FOR MAJOR DEFENSE 
                   ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

       (a) Revisions in Authority Relating to Program Cost and 
     Fielding Targets.--Section 2448a of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Secretary of Defense'' 
     and inserting ``designated milestone decision authority for 
     the program'';
       (2) by striking ``the milestone decision authority for the 
     major defense acquisition program approves a program that'' 
     and inserting ``the program'';
       (3) by striking subsection (b); and
       (4) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section 181(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) by striking paragraph (3); and
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and (7) as 
     paragraphs (3), (4), (5), and (6), respectively.
       (2) Section 2366a(c)(1)(A) of such title is amended by 
     striking ``by the Secretary of Defense''.
       (3) Section 2366b of such title is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(3)(D), by striking ``Secretary of 
     Defense after a request for such increase or delay by the''; 
     and
       (B) in subsection (c)(1)(A), by striking ``by the Secretary 
     of Defense''.
       (4) Section 925(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2361; 
     10 U.S.C. 2448a note) is amended by striking ``Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense and the Vice Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff'' and inserting ``designated milestone 
     decision authority for the major defense acquisition program 
     and the Vice Chief of Staff of the armed force concerned or, 
     in the case of a program for which an alternate milestone 
     decision authority is designated under section 2430(d)(2) of 
     such title, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff''.

     SEC. 832. IMPLEMENTATION OF RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 
                   INDEPENDENT STUDY ON CONSIDERATION OF 
                   SUSTAINMENT IN WEAPONS SYSTEMS LIFE CYCLE.

       (a) Implementation Required.--Not later than 18 months 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall, except as provided under subsection (b), 
     commence implementation of each recommendation submitted as 
     part of the independent assessment produced under section 844 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2290).
       (b) Exceptions.--
       (1) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     commence implementation of a recommendation described under 
     subsection (a) later than the date required under such 
     subsection if the Secretary provides the congressional 
     defense committees with a specific justification for the 
     delay in implementation of such recommendation.
       (2) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may opt 
     not to implement a recommendation described under subsection 
     (a) if the Secretary provides to the congressional defense 
     committees--
       (A) the reasons for the decision not to implement the 
     recommendation; and
       (B) a summary of the alternative actions the Secretary 
     plans to take to address the purposes underlying the 
     recommendation.

[[Page H6716]]

       (c) Implementation Plans.--For each recommendation that the 
     Secretary is implementing, or that the Secretary plans to 
     implement, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees--
       (1) a summary of actions that have been taken to implement 
     the recommendation; and
       (2) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
     the implementation of the recommendation.

     SEC. 833. COMPTROLLER GENERAL ASSESSMENT OF ACQUISITION 
                   PROGRAMS AND RELATED INITIATIVES.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 131 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2229b. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition 
       programs and initiatives

       ``(a)  Assessment Required.--The Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees an annual assessment of selected acquisition 
     programs and initiatives of the Department of Defense by 
     March 30th of each year from 2020 through 2023.
       ``(b) Analyses To Be Included.--The assessment required 
     under subsection (a) shall include--
       ``(1) a macro analysis of how well acquisition programs and 
     initiatives are performing and reasons for that performance;
       ``(2) a summary of organizational and legislative changes 
     and emerging assessment methodologies since the last 
     assessment, and a discussion of the implications for 
     execution and oversight of programs and initiatives; and
       ``(3) specific analyses of individual acquisition programs 
     and initiatives.
       ``(c) Acquisition Programs and Initiatives to Be 
     Considered.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
     shall consider the following programs and initiatives:
       ``(1) Selected weapon systems, as determined appropriate by 
     the Comptroller General.
       ``(2) Selected information technology systems and 
     initiatives, including defense business systems, networks, 
     and software-intensive systems, as determined appropriate by 
     the Comptroller General.
       ``(3) Selected prototyping and rapid fielding activities 
     and initiatives, as determined appropriate by the Comptroller 
     General.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2229a the following new item:

``2229b. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and 
              related initiatives.''.
       (c) Repeal of Superseded Authority.--Section 883(d) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is amended by 
     striking paragraph (1), effective on January 1, 2020.

          Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

     SEC. 836. REVISION OF DEFINITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEM FOR 
                   PURPOSES OF FEDERAL ACQUISITION STATUTES.

       (a) Definitions in Chapter 1 of Title 41, United States 
     Code.--
       (1) Separation of ``commercial item'' definition into 
     definitions of ``commercial product'' and ``commercial 
     service''.--Chapter 1 of title 41, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking section 103 and inserting the following 
     new sections:

     ``Sec. 103. Commercial product

       ``In this subtitle, the term `commercial product' means any 
     of the following:
       ``(1) A product, other than real property, that--
       ``(A) is of a type customarily used by the general public 
     or by nongovernmental entities for purposes other than 
     governmental purposes; and
       ``(B) has been sold, leased, or licensed, or offered for 
     sale, lease, or license, to the general public.
       ``(2) A product that--
       ``(A) evolved from a product described in paragraph (1) 
     through advances in technology or performance; and
       ``(B) is not yet available in the commercial marketplace 
     but will be available in the commercial marketplace in time 
     to satisfy the delivery requirements under a Federal 
     Government solicitation.
       ``(3) A product that would satisfy the criteria in 
     paragraph (1) or (2) were it not for--
       ``(A) modifications of a type customarily available in the 
     commercial marketplace; or
       ``(B) minor modifications made to meet Federal Government 
     requirements.
       ``(4) Any combination of products meeting the requirements 
     of paragraph (1), (2), or (3) that are of a type customarily 
     combined and sold in combination to the general public.
       ``(5) A product, or combination of products, referred to in 
     paragraphs (1) through (4), even though the product, or 
     combination of products, is transferred between or among 
     separate divisions, subsidiaries, or affiliates of a 
     contractor.
       ``(6) A nondevelopmental item if the procuring agency 
     determines, in accordance with conditions in the Federal 
     Acquisition Regulation, that--
       ``(A) the product was developed exclusively at private 
     expense; and
       ``(B) has been sold in substantial quantities, on a 
     competitive basis, to multiple State and local governments or 
     to multiple foreign governments.

     ``Sec. 103a. Commercial service

       ``In this subtitle, the term `commercial service' means any 
     of the following:
       ``(1) Installation services, maintenance services, repair 
     services, training services, and other services if--
       ``(A) those services are procured for support of a 
     commercial product, regardless of whether the services are 
     provided by the same source or at the same time as the 
     commercial product; and
       ``(B) the source of the services provides similar services 
     contemporaneously to the general public under terms and 
     conditions similar to those offered to the Federal 
     Government;
       ``(2) Services of a type offered and sold competitively, in 
     substantial quantities, in the commercial marketplace--
       ``(A) based on established catalog or market prices;
       ``(B) for specific tasks performed or specific outcomes to 
     be achieved; and
       ``(C) under standard commercial terms and conditions.
       ``(3) A service described in paragraph (1) or (2), even 
     though the service is transferred between or among separate 
     divisions, subsidiaries, or affiliates of a contractor.''.
       (2) Conforming amendments to title 41 definitions.--
       (A) Definition of commercial component.--Section 102 of 
     such title is amended by striking ``commercial item'' and 
     inserting ``commercial product''.
       (B) Definition of commercially available off-the-shelf 
     item.--Section 104(1)(A) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     item'' and inserting ``commercial product''.
       (C) Definition of nondevelopmental item.--Section 110(1) of 
     such title is amended by striking ``commercial item'' and 
     inserting ``commercial product''.
       (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 1 of title 41, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 103 and 
     inserting the following new items:

``103. Commercial product.
``103a. Commercial service.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments to Other Provisions of Title 41, 
     United States Code.--Title 41, United States Code, is further 
     amended as follows:
       (1) Section 1502(b) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``commercial items'' 
     and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services'';
       (B) in paragraph (1)(C)(i), by striking ``commercial item'' 
     and inserting ``commercial product or commercial service''; 
     and
       (C) in paragraph (3)(A)(i), by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
     services''.
       (2) Section 1705(c) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
     services''.
       (3) Section 1708 is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' in subsections (c)(6) and (e)(3) and inserting 
     ``commercial products or commercial services''.
       (4) Section 1901 is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``commercial items'' 
     and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services''; 
     and
       (B) in subsection (e)--
       (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial Products and Commercial 
     Services''; and
       (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
     ``commercial products or commercial services''.
       (5) Section 1903(c) is amended--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Commercial 
     Item'' and inserting ``Commercial Product or Commercial 
     Service'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``as a commercial item'' 
     and inserting ``as a commercial product or a commercial 
     service''; and
       (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``for an item or service 
     treated as a commercial item'' and inserting ``for a product 
     or service treated as a commercial product or a commercial 
     service''.
       (6)(A) Section 1906 is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' each place it appears in subsections (b), (c), and 
     (d) and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
     services''.
       (B)(i) The heading of such section is amended to read as 
     follows:

     ``Sec. 1906. List of laws inapplicable to procurements of 
       commercial products and commercial services''.

       (ii) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 19 
     is amended by striking the item relating to section 1906 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``1906. List of laws inapplicable to procurements of commercial 
              products and commercial services.''.
       (7) Section 3304 is amended by striking ``commercial item'' 
     in subsections (a)(5) and (e)(4)(B) and inserting 
     ``commercial product''.
       (8) Section 3305(a)(2) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
     services''.
       (9) Section 3306(b) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
     services''.
       (10)(A) Section 3307 is amended--
       (i) in subsection (a)--
       (I) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial Products and Commercial 
     Services'';
       (II) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial items'' and 
     inserting ``commercial products and commercial services''; 
     and
       (III) in paragraph (2), by striking ``a commercial item'' 
     and inserting ``a commercial product or commercial service'';
       (ii) in subsection (b)--
       (I) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial items or, to 
     the extent that commercial items suitable to meet the 
     executive agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental 
     items other than commercial items'' and inserting 
     ``commercial services or commercial products or, to the 
     extent that commercial products suitable to meet the 
     executive agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental 
     items other than commercial products''; and
       (II) in paragraph (3), by striking ``commercial items and 
     nondevelopmental items other than

[[Page H6717]]

     commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial services, 
     commercial products, and nondevelopmental items other than 
     commercial products'';
       (iii) in subsection (c)--
       (I) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking ``commercial 
     items or nondevelopmental items other than commercial items'' 
     and inserting ``commercial services or commercial products or 
     nondevelopmental items other than commercial products'';
       (II) in paragraphs (3) and (4), by striking ``commercial 
     items or, to the extent that commercial items suitable to 
     meet the executive agency's needs are not available, 
     nondevelopmental items other than commercial items'' and 
     inserting ``commercial services or commercial products or, to 
     the extent that commercial products suitable to meet the 
     executive agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental 
     items other than commercial products''; and
       (III) in paragraphs (5) and (6), by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
     services'';
       (iv) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``commercial items 
     or, to the extent that commercial items suitable to meet the 
     executive agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental 
     items other than commercial items'' and inserting 
     ``commercial services or commercial products or, to the 
     extent that commercial products suitable to meet the 
     executive agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental 
     items other than commercial products''; and
       (v) in subsection (e)--
       (I) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``103a, 104,'' after 
     ``sections 102, 103,'';
       (II) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``commercial items'' 
     and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services'';
       (III) in the first sentence of paragraph (2)(B), by 
     striking ``commercial end items'' and inserting ``end items 
     that are commercial products'';
       (IV) in paragraphs (2)(B)(i), (2)(C)(i) and (2)(D), by 
     striking ``commercial items or commercial components'' and 
     inserting ``commercial products, commercial components, or 
     commercial services'';
       (V) in paragraph (2)(C), in the matter preceding clause 
     (i), by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
     ``commercial products or commercial services'';
       (VI) in paragraph (4)(A), by striking ``commercial items'' 
     and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services'';
       (VII) in paragraph (4)(C)(i), by striking ``commercial 
     item, as described in section 103(5)'' and inserting 
     ``commercial product, as described in section 103a(1)''; and
       (VIII) in paragraph (5), by striking ``items'' each place 
     it appears and inserting ``products''.
       (B)(i) The heading of such section is amended to read as 
     follows:

     ``Sec. 3307. Preference for commercial products and 
       commercial services''.

       (ii) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 33 
     is amended by striking the item relating to section 3307 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``3307. Preference for commercial products and commercial services.''.
       (11) Section 3501 is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)--
       (i) by striking paragraph (1);
       (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
     (1) and (2), respectively; and
       (iii) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
     commercial services''; and
       (B) in subsection (b)--
       (i) by striking ``item'' in the heading for paragraph (1); 
     and
       (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' in paragraphs (1) and 
     (2)(A) and inserting ``commercial services''.
       (12) Section 3503 is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``a commercial item'' 
     and inserting ``a commercial product or a commercial 
     service''; and
       (B) in subsection (b)--
       (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial Products or Commercial 
     Services''; and
       (ii) by striking ``a commercial item'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``a commercial product or a commercial 
     service''.
       (13) Section 3505(b) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' each place it appears and inserting ``commercial 
     products or commercial services''.
       (14) Section 3509(b) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
     services''.
       (15) Section 3704(c)(5) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     item'' and inserting ``commercial product''.
       (16) Section 3901(b)(3) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
     services''.
       (17) Section 4301(2) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
     services''.
       (18)(A) Section 4505 is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' in subsections (a) and (c) and inserting ``commercial 
     products or commercial services''.
       (B)(i) The heading of such section is amended to read as 
     follows:

     ``Sec. 4505. Payments for commercial products and commercial 
       services''.

       (ii) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 45 
     is amended by striking the item relating to section 4505 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``4505. Payments for commercial products and commercial services.''.
       (19) Section 4704(d) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' both places it appears and inserting ``commercial 
     products or commercial services''.
       (20) Sections 8102(a)(1), 8703(d)(2), and 8704(b) are 
     amended by striking ``commercial items (as defined in section 
     103 of this title)'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
     commercial services (as defined in sections 103 and 103a, 
     respectively, of this title)''.
       (c) Amendments to Chapter 137 of Title 10, United States 
     Code.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended as follows:
       (1) Section 2302(3) is amended--
       (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (J), (K), and (L) as 
     subparagraphs (K), (L), and (M); and
       (B) by striking subparagraph (I) and inserting the 
     following new subparagraphs (I) and (J):
       ``(I) The term `commercial product'.
       ``(J) The term `commercial service'.''.
       (2) Section 2304 is amended--
       (A) in subsections (c)(5) and (f)(2)(B), by striking 
     ``brand-name commercial item'' and inserting ``brand-name 
     commercial product'';
       (B) in subsection (g)(1)(B), by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
     services''; and
       (C) in subsection (i)(3), by striking ``commercial items'' 
     and inserting ``commercial products''.
       (3) Section 2305 is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``commercial items'' 
     and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services''; 
     and
       (B) in subsection (b)(5)(B)(v), by striking ``commercial 
     item'' and inserting ``commercial product''.
       (4) Section 2306(b) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
     services''.
       (5) Section 2306a is amended--
       (A) in subsection (b)--
       (i) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``a commercial item'' 
     and inserting ``a commercial product or a commercial 
     service'';
       (ii) in paragraph (2)--

       (I) by striking ``Commercial items'' in the paragraph 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial products or commercial 
     services''; and
       (II) by striking ``commercial item'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``commercial product or commercial services'';

       (iii) in paragraph (3)--

       (I) by striking ``Commercial items'' in the paragraph 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial products''; and
       (II) by striking ``item'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``product''; and

       (iv) in paragraph (4)--

       (I) by striking ``Commercial item'' in the paragraph 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial product or commercial 
     service'';
       (II) by striking ``commercial item'' in subparagraph (A) 
     after ``applying the'';
       (III) by striking ``prior commercial item determination'' 
     in subparagraph (A) and inserting ``prior commercial product 
     or commercial service determination'';
       (IV) by striking ``of such item'' in subparagraph (A) and 
     inserting ``of such product or service'';
       (V) by striking ``of an item previously determined to be a 
     commercial item'' in subparagraph (B) and inserting ``of a 
     product or service previously determined to be a commercial 
     product or a commercial service'';
       (VI) by striking ``of a commercial item,'' in subparagraph 
     (B) and inserting ``of a commercial product or a commercial 
     service, as the case may be,'';
       (VII) by striking ``the commercial item determination'' in 
     subparagraph (B) and inserting ``the commercial product or 
     commercial service determination''; and
       (VIII) by striking ``commercial item'' in subparagraph (C); 
     and

       (v) in paragraph (5), by striking ``commercial items'' and 
     inserting ``commercial products or commercial services'';
       (B) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``commercial items'' 
     each place it appears and inserting ``commercial products or 
     commercial services''; and
       (C) in subsection (h)--
       (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial items'' and 
     inserting ``commercial products or commercial services''; and
       (ii) by striking paragraph (3).
       (6) Section 2307(f) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial Products and Commercial 
     Services''; and
       (B) by striking ``commercial items'' in paragraphs (1) and 
     (2) and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
     services''.
       (7) Section 2320(b) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``a commercial item, the 
     item'' and inserting ``a commercial product, the product''; 
     and
       (B) in paragraph (9)(A), by striking ``any noncommercial 
     item or process'' and inserting ``any noncommercial product 
     or process''.
       (8) Section 2321(f) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
     ``commercial products''; and
       (ii) by striking ``the item'' both places it appears and 
     inserting ``commercial products''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)(A), in clauses (i) and (ii), by 
     striking ``commercial item'' and inserting ``commercial 
     product''.
       (9) Section 2324(l)(1)(A) is amended by striking 
     ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
     commercial services''.
       (10) Section 2335(b) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
     services''.
       (d) Amendments to Chapter 140 of Title 10, United States 
     Code.--Chapter 140 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended as follows:
       (1) Section 2375 is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``commercial item'' in 
     paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting ``commercial product or 
     commercial service'';
       (B) in subsections (b) and (c)--
       (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial Products and Commercial 
     Services''; and

[[Page H6718]]

       (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
     services''; and
       (C) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``commercial items'' 
     and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
     services''.
       (2) Section 2376(1) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``terms `commercial item','' and inserting 
     ``terms `commercial product', `commercial service',''; and
       (B) by striking ``chapter 1 of title 41'' and inserting 
     ``sections 103, 103a, 110, 105, and 102, respectively, of 
     title 41''.
       (3) Section 2377 is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)--
       (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial items or, to 
     the extent that commercial items suitable to meet the 
     agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental items 
     other than commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
     services or commercial products or, to the extent that 
     commercial products suitable to meet the agency's needs are 
     not available, nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
     products''; and
       (ii) in paragraph (3), by striking ``commercial items and 
     nondevelopmental items other than commercial items'' and 
     inserting ``commercial services, commercial products, and 
     nondevelopmental items other than commercial products'';
       (B) in subsection (b)--
       (i) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking ``commercial 
     items or nondevelopmental items other than commercial items'' 
     and inserting ``commercial services, commercial products, or 
     nondevelopmental items other than commercial products'';
       (ii) in paragraphs (3) and (4), by striking ``commercial 
     items or, to the extent that commercial items suitable to 
     meet the agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental 
     items other than commercial items'' and inserting 
     ``commercial services or commercial products or, to the 
     extent that commercial products suitable to meet the agency's 
     needs are not available, nondevelopmental items other than 
     commercial products''; and
       (iii) in paragraphs (5) and (6), by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
     services'';
       (C) in subsection (c)--
       (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial items or, to 
     the extent that commercial items suitable to meet the 
     agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental items 
     other than commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
     services or commercial products or, to the extent that 
     commercial products suitable to meet the agency's needs are 
     not available, nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
     products''; and
       (ii) in paragraph (4), by striking ``items other than 
     commercial items'' and inserting ``products other than 
     commercial products or services other than commercial 
     services'';
       (D) in subsection (d)--
       (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``commercial items'' 
     and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services'';
       (ii) in paragraph (1), by striking ``items'' and inserting 
     ``products or services''; and
       (iii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``items'' and inserting 
     ``products or services''; and
       (E) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``commercial items'' 
     and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
     services''.
       (4) Section 2379 is amended--
       (A) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the headings of 
     subsections (b) and (c) and inserting ``Commercial 
     Products'';
       (B) in subsections (a)(1)(A), (b)(2), and (c)(1)(B), by 
     striking ``, as defined in section 103 of title 41''; and
       (C) by striking ``commercial item'' and ``commercial 
     items'' each place they appear and inserting ``commercial 
     product'' and ``commercial products'', respectively.
       (5) Section 2380 is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``commercial item 
     determinations'' in paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
     ``commercial product and commercial service determinations''; 
     and
       (B) in subsection (b) (as added by section 848 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018)--
       (i) by striking ``Item'' in the subsection heading;
       (ii) by striking ``an item'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``a product or service'';
       (iii) by striking ``item'' after ``using commercial'' each 
     place it appears;
       (iv) by striking ``prior commercial item determination'' 
     and inserting ``prior commercial product or service 
     determination'';
       (v) by striking ``such item'' and inserting ``such product 
     or service''; and
       (vi) by striking ``the item'' both places it appears and 
     inserting ``the product or service''.
       (6) Section 2380a is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)--
       (i) by striking ``items and'' and inserting ``products 
     and''; and
       (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
     ``commercial products and commercial services, 
     respectively,''; and
       (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``commercial items'' and 
     inserting ``commercial services''.
       (7) Section 2380B is amended by striking ``commercial 
     item'' and inserting ``commercial product''.
       (8) Amendments to headings, etc.--
       (A) The heading of such chapter is amended to read as 
     follows:

   ``CHAPTER 140--PROCUREMENT OF COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS AND COMMERCIAL 
                              SERVICES''.

       (B) The heading of section 2375 is amended to read as 
     follows:

     ``Sec. 2375. Relationship of other provisions of law to 
       procurement of commercial products and commercial 
       services''.

       (C) The heading of section 2377 is amended to read as 
     follows:

     ``Sec. 2377. Preference for commercial products and 
       commercial services''.

       (D) The heading of section 2379 is amended to read as 
     follows:

     ``Sec. 2379. Procurement of a major weapon system as a 
       commercial product: requirement for prior determination by 
       Secretary of Defense and notification to Congress''.

       (E) The heading of section 2380 is amended to read as 
     follows:

     ``Sec. 2380. Commercial product and commercial service 
       determinations by Department of Defense''.

       (F) The heading of section 2380a is amended to read as 
     follows:

     ``Sec. 2380a. Treatment of certain products and services as 
       commercial products and commercial services''.

       (G) Section 2380B is redesignated as section 2380b and the 
     heading of that section is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 2380b. Treatment of commingled items purchased by 
       contractors as commercial products''.

       (H) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter 
     is amended to read as follows:

``2375. Relationship of other provisions of law to procurement of 
              commercial products and commercial services.
``2376. Definitions.
``2377. Preference for commercial products and commercial services.
``2379. Procurement of a major weapon system as a commercial product: 
              requirement for prior determination by Secretary of 
              Defense and notification to Congress.
``2380. Commercial product and commercial service determinations by 
              Department of Defense.
``2380a. Treatment of certain products and services as commercial 
              products and commercial services.
``2380b. Treatment of commingled items purchased by contractors as 
              commercial products.''.
       (e) Other Amendments to Title 10, United States Code.--
     Title 10, United States Code, is further amended as follows:
       (1) Section 2226(b) is amended by striking ``for services'' 
     and all that follows through ``deliverable items'' and 
     inserting ``for services or deliverable items''.
       (2) Section 2384(b)(2) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products''.
       (3) Section 2393(d) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items (as defined in section 103 of title 41)'' and inserting 
     ``commercial products or commercial services (as defined in 
     sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41)''.
       (4) Section 2402(d) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial items'' both 
     places it appears and inserting ``commercial products or 
     commercial services''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the term'' and all that 
     follows and inserting ``the terms `commercial product' and 
     `commercial service' have the meanings given those terms in 
     sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41.''.
       (5) Section 2408(a)(4)(B) is amended by striking 
     ``commercial items (as defined in section 103 of title 41)'' 
     and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services 
     (as defined in sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 
     41)''.
       (6) Section 2410b(c) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products''.
       (7) Section 2410g(d)(1) is amended by striking ``Commercial 
     items (as defined in section 103 of title 41)'' and inserting 
     ``Commercial products or commercial services (as defined in 
     sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41)''.
       (8) Section 2447a is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``commercial items 
     and technologies'' and inserting ``commercial products and 
     technologies''; and
       (B) in subsection (c), by inserting before the period at 
     the end the following: ``and the term `commercial product' 
     has the meaning given that term in section 103 of title 41''.
       (9) Section 2451(d) is amended by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products (as defined in 
     section 103 of title 41)''.
       (10) Section 2464 is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)--
       (i) in paragraph (3), by striking ``commercial items'' and 
     inserting ``commercial products or commercial services''; and
       (ii) in paragraph (5), by striking ``The commercial items 
     covered by paragraph (3) are commercial items'' and inserting 
     ``The commercial products or commercial services covered by 
     paragraph (3) are commercial products (as defined in section 
     103 of title 41) or commercial services (as defined in 
     section 103a of such title)''; and
       (B) in subsection (c)--
       (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial Products or Commercial 
     Services''; and
       (ii) by striking ``commercial item'' and inserting 
     ``commercial product or commercial service''.
       (11) Section 2484(f) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial Products''; and
       (B) by striking ``commercial item'' and inserting 
     ``commercial product''.
       (12) The items relating to chapter 140 in the tables of 
     chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, and at the beginning 
     of part IV of subtitle A, are amended to read as follows:

``140. Procurement of Commercial Products and Commercial Ser2377''.....

       (f) Amendments to Provisions of National Defense 
     Authorization Acts.--

[[Page H6719]]

       (1) Section 806(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190; 10 
     U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``commercial items 
     (as defined in section 103 of title 41, United States Code)'' 
     and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services 
     (as defined in sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 
     41, United States Code)''.
       (2) Section 821(e) of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law 
     by Public Law 106-398; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
       (A) by striking paragraph (2); and
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).
       (3) Section 821(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2304 
     note) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``a commercial item'' and 
     inserting ``a commercial product or a commercial service'';
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial item'' and 
     inserting ``commercial product''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) The term `commercial service' has the meaning 
     provided by section 103a of title 41, United States Code.''.
       (4) Section 817(d) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 
     10 U.S.C. 2306a note) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial item 
     exceptions'' and inserting ``commercial product-commercial 
     service exceptions''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial item 
     exception'' and inserting ``commercial product-commercial 
     service exception'';
       (5) Section 852(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     10 U.S.C. 2324 note) is amended by striking ``a commercial 
     item, as defined in section 103 of title 41'' and inserting 
     ``a commercial product or a commercial service, as defined in 
     sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41''.
       (6) Section 805 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2330 
     note) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (b), by striking ``commercial items'' in 
     paragraphs (1) and (2)(A) and inserting ``commercial 
     services''; and
       (B) in subsection (c)--
       (i) by striking ``item'' in the headings for paragraphs (1) 
     and (2) and inserting ``services'';
       (ii) in the matter in paragraph (1) preceding subparagraph 
     (A), by striking ``commercial item'' and inserting 
     ``commercial service'';
       (iii) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``a commercial item, 
     as described in section 103(5) of title 41'' and inserting 
     ``a service, as described in section 103a(1) of title 41'';
       (iv) in paragraph (1)(C)(i), by striking ``section 103(6) 
     of title 41'' and inserting ``section 103a(2) of title 41''; 
     and
       (v) in paragraph (2), by striking ``item'' and inserting 
     ``service''.
       (7) Section 849(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2377 
     note) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``commercial items'' in paragraph (1) and 
     inserting ``commercial products'';
       (B) by striking ``commercial item'' in paragraph (3)(B)(i) 
     and inserting ``commercial product''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) Definition.--In this subsection, the term `commercial 
     product' has the meaning given that term in section 103 of 
     title 41.''.
       (8) Section 856(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2377 
     note) is amended by striking ``commercial items or services'' 
     and inserting ``a commercial product or a commercial service, 
     as defined in sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 
     41,''.
       (9) Section 879 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note) is amended--
       (A) in the section heading, by striking ``commercial 
     items'' and inserting ``commercial products'';
       (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``commercial items'' and 
     inserting ``commercial products'';
       (C) in subsection (c)(3)--
       (i) by striking ``Commercial items'' in the paragraph 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial products or commercial 
     services''; and
       (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
     ``commercial products or commercial services''; and
       (D) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``item'' in 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting ``products''.
       (10) Section 880 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 41 U.S.C. 3301 
     note) is amended by striking ``commercial items'' in 
     subsection (a)(1) and inserting ``commercial products''.
       (g) Conforming Amendments to Other Statutes.--
       (1) Section 604(g) of the American Recovery and 
     Reinvestment Act of 2009 (6 U.S.C. 453b(g)) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial Products'';
       (B) by striking ``procurement of commercial'' in the first 
     sentence and all that follows through ``items listed'' and 
     inserting ``procurement of commercial products 
     notwithstanding section 1906 of title 41, United States Code, 
     with the exception of commercial products listed''; and
       (C) in the second sentence--
       (i) by inserting ``product'' after ``commercial''; and
       (ii) by striking ``in the'' and all that follows and 
     inserting ``in section 103 of title 41, United States 
     Code.''.
       (2) Section 142 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
     U.S.C. 1018a) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (e)--
       (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial Products and Commercial 
     Services'';
       (ii) by striking ``that commercial items'' and inserting 
     ``that commercial products or commercial services'';
       (iii) by striking ``special rules for commercial items'' 
     and inserting ``special rules for commercial products and 
     commercial services'';
       (iv) by striking ``without regard to--'' and all that 
     follows through ``dollar limitation'' and inserting ``without 
     regard to any dollar limitation'';
       (v) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; and
       (vi) by striking paragraph (2);
       (B) in subsection (f)--
       (i) by striking ``Items'' in the subsection heading and 
     inserting ``Products and Services'';
       (ii) by striking ``Items'' in the heading of paragraph (2) 
     and inserting ``Products and services''; and
       (iii) by striking ``a commercial item'' in paragraph (2) 
     and inserting ``a commercial product or a commercial 
     service'';
       (C) in subsection (h)--
       (i) by striking ``Items'' in the subsection heading and 
     inserting ``Services''; and
       (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' in paragraph (1) and 
     inserting ``commercial services''; and
       (D) in subsection (l)--
       (i) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5) as 
     paragraphs (3), (4), (5), and (6), respectively;
       (ii) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
     new paragraphs:
       ``(1) Commercial product.--The term `commercial product' 
     has the meaning given the term in section 103 of title 41, 
     United States Code.
       ``(2) Commercial service.--The term `commercial service' 
     has the meaning given the term in section 103a of title 41, 
     United States Code.'';
       (iii) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``in section'' and all that follows and inserting ``in 
     section 152 of title 41, United States Code.'';
       (iv) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated--

       (I) by striking ``Commercial items'' in the paragraph 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial products and commercial 
     services'';
       (II) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
     ``commercial products and commercial services''; and
       (III) by striking ``pursuant to'' and all that follows and 
     inserting ``pursuant to sections 1901 and 3305(a) of title 
     41, United States Code.''; and

       (v) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``pursuant to'' and all that follows and inserting ``pursuant 
     to sections 1901(a)(1) and 3305(a)(1) of title 41, United 
     States Code.''.
       (3) Section 3901(a)(4)(A)(ii)(II) of title 31, United 
     States Code, is amended by striking ``commercial item'' and 
     inserting ``commercial product''.
       (4) Section 2455(c)(1) of the Federal Acquisition 
     Streamlining Act of 1994 (31 U.S.C. 6101 note) is amended by 
     striking ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
     products''.
       (5) Section 508(f) of the Federal Water Pollution Control 
     Act (33 U.S.C. 1368(f)) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial items'' and 
     inserting ``commercial products or commercial services''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the term'' and all that 
     follows and inserting ``the terms `commercial product' and 
     `commercial service' have the meanings given those terms in 
     sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41, United 
     States Code.''.
       (6) Section 3707 of title 40, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``a commercial item (as defined in 
     section 103 of title 41)'' and inserting ``a commercial 
     product (as defined in section 103 of title 41) or a 
     commercial service (as defined in section 103a of title 
     41)''.
       (7) Subtitle III of title 40, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in section 11101(1), by striking ``Commercial item.--
     The term `commercial item' has'' and inserting ``Commercial 
     product.--The term `commercial product' has''; and
       (B) in section 11314(a)(3), by striking ``items'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``products''.
       (8) Section 8301(g) of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining 
     Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 7606 note) is amended by striking 
     ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
     commercial services''.
       (9) Section 40118(f) of title 49, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial items'' and 
     inserting ``commercial products''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial item'' and 
     inserting ``commercial product''.
       (10) Chapter 501 of title 51, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in section 50113(c)--
       (i) by striking ``Commercial Item'' in the subsection 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial Product or Commercial 
     Service''; and
       (ii) by striking ``commercial item'' in the second sentence 
     and inserting ``commercial product or commercial service''; 
     and
       (B) in section 50115(b)--
       (i) by striking ``Commercial Item'' in the subsection 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial Product or Commercial 
     Service''; and
       (ii) by striking ``commercial item'' in the second sentence 
     and inserting ``commercial product or commercial service''; 
     and
       (C) in section 50132(a)--
       (i) by striking ``Commercial Item'' in the subsection 
     heading and inserting ``Commercial Service''; and
       (ii) by striking ``commercial item'' in the second sentence 
     and inserting ``commercial service''.

[[Page H6720]]

       (h) Effective Date and Savings Provision.--The amendments 
     made by subsections (a) through (g) shall take effect on 
     January 1, 2020. Any provision of law that on the day before 
     such effective date is on a list of provisions of law 
     included in the Federal Acquisition Regulation pursuant to 
     section 1907 of title 41, United States Code, shall be deemed 
     as of that effective date to be on a list of provisions of 
     law included in the Federal Acquisition Regulation pursuant 
     to section 1906 of such title.
       (i) Implementation Plan Required.--Not later than April 1, 
     2019, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, in coordination with members of the Defense 
     Business Board, the Defense Science Board, and the Defense 
     Innovation Board as appropriate, shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives an implementation plan that contains the 
     following elements:
       (1) An implementation timeline and schedule, to include 
     substantive, technical, and conforming changes to the law 
     that the Under Secretary deems appropriate and necessary, to 
     include revising definitions or categories of items, 
     products, and services.
       (2) A review of recommendations by the independent panel 
     created under section 809 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 889) pertaining to commercial items.
       (3) A review of commercial item provisions from the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92), the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
     115-91), and other relevant legislation.
       (4) An analysis of the extent to which the Department of 
     Defense should treat commercial service contracts and 
     commercial products in a similar manner.
       (5) Such other matters with respect to commercial item 
     procurement as the Under Secretary considers appropriate.

     SEC. 837. LIMITATION ON APPLICABILITY TO DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE COMMERCIAL CONTRACTS OF CERTAIN 
                   PROVISIONS OF LAW.

       (a) Section 2375.--Section 2375(b)(2) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by striking ``January 1, 2015'' and 
     inserting ``October 13, 1994''.
       (b) Section 2533a.--Section 2533a(i) of such title is 
     amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Items'' and 
     inserting ``Products''; and
       (2) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
     ``commercial products''.
       (c) Section 2533b.--Section 2533b(h) of such title is 
     amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Items'' and 
     inserting ``Products''; and
       (2) by striking ``commercial items'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``commercial products''.

     SEC. 838. MODIFICATIONS TO PROCUREMENT THROUGH COMMERCIAL E-
                   COMMERCE PORTALS.

       (a) In General.--Section 846 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 41 
     U.S.C. 1901 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(5) A procurement of a product made through a commercial 
     e-commerce portal under the program established pursuant to 
     subsection (a) is deemed to satisfy requirements for full and 
     open competition pursuant to section 2304 of title 10, United 
     States Code, and section 3301 of title 41, United States 
     Code, if--
       ``(A) there are offers from two or more suppliers of such a 
     product or similar product with substantially the same 
     physical, functional, or performance characteristics on the 
     online marketplace; and
       ``(B) the Administrator establishes procedures to implement 
     subparagraph (A) and notifies Congress at least 30 days 
     before implementing such procedures.''; and
       (2) in subsection (h), by striking paragraph (3) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(3) agree not to use, for pricing, marketing, 
     competitive, or other purposes, any information, including 
     any Government-owned data, such as purchasing trends or 
     spending habits, related to a product from a third-party 
     supplier featured on the commercial e-commerce portal or the 
     transaction of such product, except as necessary to comply 
     with the requirements of the program established in 
     subsection (a).''.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the implementation of any e-commerce portal under such 
     section 846 to procure commercial products will be done in a 
     manner that will enhance competition, expedite procurement, 
     and ensure reasonable pricing of commercial products;
       (2) the implementation of the e-commerce portal will be 
     completed with multiple contracts with multiple commercial e-
     commerce portal providers; and
       (3) the Administrator of the General Services 
     Administration should require any e-commerce portal provider 
     to take the necessary precautions to safeguard data of all 
     other e-commerce portal providers and any third-party 
     suppliers.

     SEC. 839. REVIEW OF FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS ON 
                   COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS, COMMERCIAL SERVICES, AND 
                   COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE OFF-THE-SHELF ITEMS.

       (a) Review of Determinations Not to Exempt Contracts for 
     Commercial Products, Commercial Services, and Commercially 
     Available Off-the-shelf Items From Certain Laws and 
     Regulations.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory 
     Council shall--
       (1) review each determination of the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulatory Council pursuant to section 1906(b)(2), section 
     1906(c)(3), or section 1907(a)(2) of title 41, United States 
     Code, not to exempt contracts or subcontracts from laws which 
     such contracts and subcontracts would otherwise be exempt 
     from under section 1906(d) of title 41, United States Code; 
     and
       (2) propose revisions to the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
     to provide an exemption from each law subject to such 
     determination unless the Council determines that there is a 
     specific reason not to provide the exemptions pursuant to 
     section 1906 of such title or the Administrator for Federal 
     Procurement Policy determines there is a specific reason not 
     to provide the exemption pursuant to section 1907 of such 
     title.
       (b) Review of Certain Contract Clause Requirements 
     Applicable to Commercial Products and Commercial Services 
     Contracts.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory 
     Council shall--
       (1) review the Federal Acquisition Regulation to assess all 
     regulations that require a specific contract clause for a 
     contract using commercial product or commercial services 
     acquisition procedures under part 12 of the Federal 
     Acquisition Regulation, except for regulations required by 
     law or Executive order; and
       (2) propose revisions to the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
     to eliminate regulations reviewed under paragraph (1) unless 
     the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council determines on a 
     case-by-case basis that there is a specific reason not to 
     eliminate the regulation.
       (c) Elimination of Certain Contract Clause Regulations 
     Applicable to Commercially Available Off-the-shelf Item 
     Subcontracts.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory 
     Council shall--
       (1) review the Federal Acquisition Regulation to assess all 
     regulations that require a prime contractor to include a 
     specific contract clause in a subcontract for commercially 
     available off-the-shelf items unless the inclusion of such 
     clause is required by law or Executive order; and
       (2) propose revisions to the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
     to eliminate regulations reviewed under paragraph (1) unless 
     the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council determines on a 
     case-by-case basis that there is a specific reason not to 
     eliminate the regulation.
       (d) Report to Congress.--
       (1) Requirement.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory 
     Council shall submit to the committees listed in paragraph 
     (2) a report on the results of the reviews under this 
     section.
       (2) Committees listed.--The committees listed in this 
     paragraph are the following:
       (A) The Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
       (B) The Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
     Representatives.

                  Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

     SEC. 841. REPORT ON LIMITED SOURCING OF SPECIFIC COMPONENTS 
                   FOR NAVAL VESSELS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report that provides, for the components 
     described in subsection (b), a market survey, a cost 
     assessment, national security considerations, and a 
     recommendation regarding whether competition for the 
     procurement of the components should be limited to sources in 
     the national technology and industrial base (as defined in 
     section 2500 of title 10, United States Code).
       (b) Components.--The components described in this 
     subsection are the following:
       (1) Naval vessel components listed in section 2534(a)(3) of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (2) The following components for auxiliary ships:
       (A) Auxiliary equipment, including pumps.
       (B) Propulsion system components, including engines, 
     reduction gears, and propellers.
       (C) Shipboard cranes.
       (D) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.

     SEC. 842. REMOVAL OF NATIONAL INTEREST DETERMINATION 
                   REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN ENTITIES.

       (a) In General.--Effective October 1, 2020, a covered NTIB 
     entity operating under a special security agreement pursuant 
     to the National Industrial Security Program shall not be 
     required to obtain a national interest determination as a 
     condition for access to proscribed information.
       (b) Acceleration Authorized.--Notwithstanding the effective 
     date of this section, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Director of the Information Security 
     Oversight Office, may waive the requirement to obtain a 
     national interest determination for a covered NTIB entity 
     operating under such a special security agreement that has--
       (1) a demonstrated successful record of compliance with the 
     National Industrial Security Program; and
       (2) previously been approved for access to proscribed 
     information.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Covered ntib entity.--The term ``covered NTIB entity'' 
     means a person that is a subsidiary located in the United 
     States--
       (A) for which the ultimate parent company and any 
     intermediate parent companies of such subsidiary are located 
     in a country that is part of the national technology and 
     industrial base (as defined in section 2500 of title 10, 
     United States Code); and
       (B) that is subject to the foreign ownership, control, or 
     influence requirements of the National Industrial Security 
     Program.

[[Page H6721]]

       (2) Proscribed information.--The term ``proscribed 
     information'' means information that is--
       (A) classified at the level of top secret;
       (B) communications security information (excluding 
     controlled cryptographic items when un-keyed or utilized with 
     unclassified keys);
       (C) restricted data (as defined in section 11 of the Atomic 
     Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2014));
       (D) special access program information under section 4.3 of 
     Executive Order No. 13526 (75 Fed. Reg. 707; 50 U.S.C. 3161 
     note) or successor order; or
       (E) designated as sensitive compartmented information.

     SEC. 843. PILOT PROGRAM TO TEST MACHINE-VISION TECHNOLOGIES 
                   TO DETERMINE THE AUTHENTICITY AND SECURITY OF 
                   MICROELECTRONIC PARTS IN WEAPON SYSTEMS.

       (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Undersecretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering, in coordination with 
     the Defense Microelectronics Activity, shall establish a 
     pilot program to test the feasibility and reliability of 
     using machine-vision technologies to determine the 
     authenticity and security of microelectronic parts in weapon 
     systems.
       (b) Objectives of Pilot Program.--The Undersecretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering, in coordination with 
     the Defense Microelectronics Activity, shall design any pilot 
     program conducted under this section to determine the 
     following:
       (1) The effectiveness and technology readiness level of 
     machine-vision technologies to determine the authenticity of 
     microelectronic parts at the time of the creation of such 
     part through final insertion of such part into weapon 
     systems.
       (2) The best method of incorporating machine-vision 
     technologies into the process of developing, transporting, 
     and inserting microelectronics into weapon systems.
       (3) The rules, regulations, or processes that hinder the 
     development and incorporation of machine-vision technologies, 
     and the application of such rules, regulations, or processes 
     to mitigate counterfeit microelectronics proliferation 
     throughout the Department of Defense.
       (c) Consultation.--To develop the pilot program under this 
     section, the Undersecretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, in coordination with the Defense 
     Microelectronics Activity, may consult with the following 
     entities:
       (1) Manufacturers of semiconductors or electronics.
       (2) Industry associations relating to semiconductors or 
     electronics.
       (3) Original equipment manufacturers of products for the 
     Department of Defense.
       (4) Nontraditional defense contractors (as defined in 
     section 2302(9) of title 10, United States Code) that are 
     machine vision companies.
       (5) Federal laboratories (as defined in section 2500(5) of 
     title 10, United States Code).
       (6) Other elements of the Department of Defense that fall 
     under the authority of the Undersecretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering.
       (d) Commencement and Duration.--The pilot program 
     established under this section shall be established not later 
     than April 1, 2019, and all activities under such pilot 
     program shall terminate not later than December 31, 2020.

     SEC. 844. LIMITATION ON CERTAIN PROCUREMENTS APPLICATION 
                   PROCESS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2534 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsections:
       ``(k) Limitation on Certain Procurements Application 
     Process.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     administer a process to analyze and assess potential items 
     for consideration to be required to be procured from a 
     manufacturer that is part of the national technology and 
     industrial base.
       ``(2) Elements.--The application process required under 
     paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
       ``(A) The Secretary shall designate an official within the 
     Office of the Secretary of Defense responsible for 
     administration of the limitation on certain procurements 
     application process and associated policy.
       ``(B) A person or organization that meets the definition of 
     national technology and industrial base under section 2500(1) 
     of this title shall have the opportunity to apply for status 
     as an item required to be procured from a manufacturer that 
     is part of the national technology and industrial base. The 
     application shall include, at a minimum, the following 
     information:
       ``(i) Information demonstrating the applicant meets the 
     criteria of a manufacturer in the national technology and 
     industrial base under section 2500(1) of this title.
       ``(ii) For each item the applicant seeks to be required to 
     be procured from a manufacturer that is part of the national 
     technology and industrial base, the applicant shall include 
     the following information:

       ``(I) The extent to which such item has commercial 
     applications.
       ``(II) The number of such items to be procured by current 
     programs of record.
       ``(III) The criticality of such item to a military unit's 
     mission accomplishment.
       ``(IV) The estimated cost and other considerations of 
     reconstituting the manufacturing capability of such item, if 
     not maintained in the national technology and industrial 
     base.
       ``(V) National security regulations or restrictions imposed 
     on such item that may not be imposed on a non-national 
     technology and industrial base competitor.
       ``(VI) Non-national security-related Federal, State, and 
     local government regulations imposed on such item that may 
     not be imposed on a non-national technology and industrial 
     base competitor.
       ``(VII) The extent to which such item is fielded in current 
     programs of record.
       ``(VIII) The extent to which cost and pricing data for such 
     item has been deemed fair and reasonable.

       ``(3) Consideration of applications.--
       ``(A) Responsibility of designated official.--The official 
     designated pursuant to paragraph (2)(A) shall be responsible 
     for providing complete applications submitted pursuant to 
     this subsection to the appropriate component acquisition 
     executive for consideration not later than 15 days after 
     receipt of such application.
       ``(B) Review.--Not later than 120 days after receiving a 
     complete application, the component acquisition executive 
     shall review such application, make a determination, and 
     return the application to the official designated pursuant to 
     paragraph (2)(A).
       ``(C) Elements of determination.--The determination 
     required under subparagraph (B) shall, for each item proposed 
     pursuant to paragraph (2)(B)(ii)--
       ``(i) recommend inclusion under this section;
       ``(ii) recommend inclusion under this section with further 
     modifications; or
       ``(iii) not recommend inclusion under this section.
       ``(D) Justification.--The determination required under 
     subparagraph (B) shall also include the rationale and 
     justification for the determination.
       ``(4) Recommendations for legislation.--For applications 
     recommended under subsection (3), the official designated 
     pursuant to paragraph (2)(A) shall be responsible for 
     preparing a legislative proposal for consideration by the 
     Secretary.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made 
     by this section shall take effect one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 845. REPORT ON DEFENSE ELECTRONICS INDUSTRIAL BASE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than January 31, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Executive 
     Agent for Printed Circuit Board and Interconnect Technology 
     and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, 
     shall submit to Congress a report examining the health of the 
     defense electronics industrial base, including analog and 
     passive electronic parts, substrates, printed boards, 
     assemblies, connectors, cabling, and related areas, both 
     domestically and within the national technology and 
     industrial base.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) An examination of current and planned partnerships with 
     the commercial industry.
       (2) Analysis of the current and future defense electronics 
     industrial base.
       (3) Threat assessment related to system security.
       (4) An assessment of the health of the engineering and 
     production workforce.
       (5) A description of the electronics supply chain 
     requirements of defense systems integral to meeting the goals 
     of the 2018 National Defense Strategy.
       (6) Recommended actions to address areas deemed deficient 
     or vulnerable, and a plan to formalize long-term resourcing 
     for the Executive Agent.
       (7) Any other areas matters determined relevant by the 
     Secretary.

     SEC. 846. SUPPORT FOR DEFENSE MANUFACTURING COMMUNITIES TO 
                   SUPPORT THE DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE.

       (a) Program Authorized.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of Commerce and working in 
     coordination with the defense manufacturing institutes, 
     establish within the Department of Defense a program to make 
     long-term investments in critical skills, facilities, 
     research and development, and small business support in order 
     to strengthen the national security innovation base by 
     designating and supporting consortiums as defense 
     manufacturing communities.
       (2) Designation.--The program authorized by this section 
     shall be known as the ``Defense Manufacturing Community 
     Support Program'' (in this section referred to as the 
     ``Program'').
       (b) Designation of Defense Manufacturing Communities 
     Complementary to Defense Manufacturing Institutes.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may designate 
     eligible consortiums as defense manufacturing communities 
     through a competitive process, and in coordination with the 
     defense manufacturing institutes.
       (2) Eligible consortiums.--The Secretary may establish 
     eligibility criteria for a consortium to participate in the 
     Program. In developing such criteria, the Secretary may 
     consider the merits of--
       (A) including members from academia, defense industry, 
     commercial industry, and State and local government 
     organizations;
       (B) supporting efforts in geographical regions that have 
     capabilities in key technologies or industrial base supply 
     chains that are determined critical to national security;
       (C) optimal consortium composition and size to promote 
     effectiveness, collaboration, and efficiency; and
       (D) complementarity with defense manufacturing institutes.
       (3) Duration.--Each designation under paragraph (1) shall 
     be for a period of five years.
       (4) Renewal.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary may renew a designation made 
     under paragraph (1) for up to two additional two-year 
     periods. Any designation as a defense manufacturing community 
     or renewal of such designation that is in effect before the 
     date of the enactment of this Act shall count toward the 
     limit set forth in this subparagraph.
       (B) Evaluation for renewal.--The Secretary shall establish 
     criteria for the renewal of

[[Page H6722]]

     a consortium. In establishing such criteria, the Secretary 
     may consider--
       (i) the performance of the consortium in meeting the 
     established goals of the Program;
       (ii) the progress the consortium has made with respect to 
     project-specific metrics, particularly with respect to those 
     metrics that were designed to help communities track their 
     own progress;
       (iii) whether any changes to the composition of the 
     eligible consortium or revisions of the plan for the 
     consortium would improve the capabilities of the defense 
     industrial base;
       (iv) the effectiveness of coordination with defense 
     manufacturing institutes; and
       (v) such other criteria as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (5) Application for designation.--An eligible consortium 
     seeking a designation under paragraph (1) shall submit an 
     application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner 
     as the Secretary may require. In developing such procedures, 
     the Secretary may consider the inclusion of--
       (A) a description of the regional boundaries of the 
     consortium, and the defense manufacturing capacity of the 
     region;
       (B) an evidence-based plan for enhancing the defense 
     industrial base through the efforts of the consortium;
       (C) the investments the consortium proposes and the 
     strategy of the consortium to address gaps in the defense 
     industrial base;
       (D) a description of the outcome-based metrics, benchmarks, 
     and milestones that will track and the evaluation methods 
     that will be used to gauge performance of the consortium;
       (E) how the initiatives will complement defense 
     manufacturing institutes; and
       (F) such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (c) Financial and Technical Assistance.--
       (1) In general.--Under the Program, the Secretary of 
     Defense may award financial or technical assistance to a 
     member of a consortium designated as a defense manufacturing 
     community under the Program as appropriate for purposes of 
     the Program.
       (2) Use of funds.--A recipient of financial or technical 
     assistance under the Program may use such financial or 
     technical assistance to support an investment that will 
     improve the defense industrial base.
       (3) Investments supported.--Investments supported under 
     this subsection may include activities not already provided 
     for by defense manufacturing institutes on--
       (A) equipment or facility upgrades;
       (B) workforce training, retraining, or recruitment and 
     retention, including that of women and underrepresented 
     minorities;
       (C) business incubators;
       (D) advanced research and commercialization, including with 
     Federal laboratories and depots;
       (E) supply chain development; and
       (F) small business assistance.
       (d) Receipt of Transferred Funds.--The Secretary of Defense 
     may accept amounts transferred to the Secretary from the head 
     of another agency or a State or local governmental 
     organization to carry out this section.

     SEC. 847. LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF CERTAIN ITEMS FOR T-
                   AO-205 PROGRAM.

       Effective during fiscal year 2019, the Secretary of Defense 
     may procure the following items for the T-AO-205 program only 
     if the manufacturer of the item is in the United States:
       (1) Auxiliary equipment, including pumps, for all shipboard 
     services.
       (2) Propulsion system components, including engines, 
     reduction gears, and propellers.
       (3) Shipboard cranes.
       (4) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.

                   Subtitle F--Small Business Matters

     SEC. 851. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SMALL BUSINESS STRATEGY.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 136 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2283. Department of Defense small business strategy

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement 
     a small business strategy for the Department of Defense that 
     meets the requirements of this section.
       ``(b) Unified Management Structure.--As part of the small 
     business strategy described in subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall ensure that there is a unified management structure 
     within the Department for the functions of the Department 
     relating to--
       ``(1) programs and activities related to small business 
     concerns (as defined in section 3 of the Small Business Act);
       ``(2) manufacturing and industrial base policy; and
       ``(3) any procurement technical assistance program 
     established under chapter 142 of this title.
       ``(c) Purpose of Small Business Programs.--The Secretary 
     shall ensure that programs and activities of the Department 
     of Defense related to small business concerns are carried out 
     so as to further national defense programs and priorities and 
     the statements of purpose for Department of Defense 
     acquisition set forth in section 801 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1449).
       ``(d) Points of Entry Into Defense Market.--The Secretary 
     shall ensure--
       ``(1) that opportunities for small business concerns to 
     contract with the Department of Defense are identified 
     clearly; and
       ``(2) that small business concerns are able to have access 
     to program managers, contracting officers, and other persons 
     using the products or services of such concern to the extent 
     necessary to inform such persons of emerging and existing 
     capabilities of such concerns.
       ``(e) Enhanced Outreach Under Procurement Technical 
     Assistance Program Market.--The Secretary shall enable and 
     promote activities to provide coordinated outreach to small 
     business concerns through any procurement technical 
     assistance program established under chapter 142 of this 
     title to facilitate small business contracting with the 
     Department of Defense.''.
       (b) Implementation.--
       (1) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop the 
     small business strategy required by section 2283 of title 10, 
     United States Code, as added by subsection (a), not later 
     than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Notice to congress and publication.--Upon completion of 
     the development of the small business strategy pursuant to 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
       (A) transmit the strategy to Congress; and
       (B) publish the strategy on a public website of the 
     Department of Defense.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``2283. Department of Defense small business strategy.''.

     SEC. 852. PROMPT PAYMENTS OF SMALL BUSINESS CONTRACTORS.

       Section 2307(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively;
       (2) by striking ``The head of any agency may--'' and 
     inserting ``(1) The head of any agency may''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2)(A) For a prime contractor (as defined in section 8701 
     of title 41) that is a small business concern (as defined in 
     section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall, to the fullest extent permitted 
     by law, establish an accelerated payment date with a goal of 
     15 days after receipt of a proper invoice for the amount due 
     if a specific payment date is not established by contract.
       ``(B) For a prime contractor that subcontracts with a small 
     business concern, the Secretary of Defense shall, to the 
     fullest extent permitted by law, establish an accelerated 
     payment date with a goal of 15 days after receipt of a proper 
     invoice for the amount due if--
       ``(i) a specific payment date is not established by 
     contract; and
       ``(ii) the prime contractor agrees to make payments to the 
     subcontractor in accordance with the accelerated payment 
     date, to the maximum extent practicable, without any further 
     consideration from or fees charged to the subcontractor.''.

     SEC. 853. INCREASED PARTICIPATION IN THE SMALL BUSINESS 
                   ADMINISTRATION MICROLOAN PROGRAM.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``intermediary'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 7(m)(11) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     636(m)(11)).
       (2) The term ``microloan program'' means the program 
     established under section 7(m) of the Small Business Act (15 
     U.S.C. 636(m)).
       (b) Microloan Intermediary Lending Limit Increased.--
     Section 7(m)(3)(C) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     636(m)(3)(C)) is amended by striking ``$5,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$6,000,000''.
       (c) SBA Study of Microenterprise Participation.--Not later 
     than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
     section, the Administrator of the Small Business 
     Administration shall conduct a study and submit to the 
     Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the 
     Senate and the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
     Representatives a report on--
       (1) the operations (including services provided, structure, 
     size, and area of operation) of a representative sample of--
       (A) intermediaries that are eligible to participate in the 
     microloan program and that do participate; and
       (B) intermediaries that are eligible to participate in the 
     microloan program and that do not participate;
       (2) the reasons why eligible intermediaries described in 
     paragraph (1)(B) choose not to participate in the microloan 
     program;
       (3) recommendations on how to encourage increased 
     participation in the microloan program by eligible 
     intermediaries described in paragraph (1)(B); and
       (4) recommendations on how to decrease the costs associated 
     with participation in the microloan program for eligible 
     intermediaries.
       (d) GAO Study on Microloan Intermediary Practices.--Not 
     later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
     section, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the Committee on Small Business and 
     Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee on Small 
     Business of the House of Representatives a report 
     evaluating--
       (1) oversight of the microloan program by the Small 
     Business Administration, including oversight of 
     intermediaries participating in the microloan program; and
       (2) the specific processes used by the Small Business 
     Administration to ensure--
       (A) compliance by intermediaries participating in the 
     microloan program; and
       (B) the overall performance of the microloan program.

     SEC. 854. AMENDMENTS TO SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH 
                   PROGRAM AND SMALL BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Extension of Pilot Programs.--Section 9 of the Small 
     Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (cc), by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
     ``2022'';
       (2) in subsection (gg)(7), by striking ``2017'' and 
     inserting ``2022'';
       (3) in subsection (jj)--
       (A) in paragraph (4)(A), by striking ``3'' and inserting 
     ``4''; and

[[Page H6723]]

       (B) in paragraph (7), by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
     ``2022'';
       (4) in subsection (mm)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``2017'' and inserting ``2022'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (I), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (iii) in subparagraph (J), by striking the period at the 
     end and inserting ``; and''; and
       (iv) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(K) funding for improvements that increase commonality 
     across data systems, reduce redundancy, and improve data 
     oversight and accuracy.''; and
       (5) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(tt) Outstanding Reports and Evaluations.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than March 30, 2019, the 
     Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Small Business 
     and Entrepreneurship of the Senate, the Committee on Small 
     Business of the House of Representatives, and the Committee 
     on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of 
     Representatives--
       ``(A) each report, evaluation, or analysis, as applicable, 
     described in subsection (b)(7), (g)(9), (o)(10), (y)(6)(C), 
     (gg)(6), (jj)(6), and (mm)(6); and
       ``(B) metrics regarding, and an evaluation of, the 
     authority provided to the National Institutes of Health, the 
     Department of Defense, and the Department of Education under 
     subsection (cc).
       ``(2) Information required.--Not later than December 31, 
     2018, the head of each agency that is responsible for 
     carrying out a provision described in subparagraph (A) or (B) 
     of paragraph (1) shall submit to the Administrator any 
     information that is necessary for the Administrator to carry 
     out the responsibilities of the Administrator under that 
     paragraph.''.
       (b) Accelerating SBIR and STTR Awards.--Section 9 of the 
     Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (hh)--
       (A) by striking ``Federal agencies'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) In general.--Federal agencies'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), as so designated, by striking 
     ``attempt to''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Pilot program to accelerate department of defense 
     sbir and sttr awards.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this paragraph, the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Research and Engineering, acting through the Director of 
     Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy of the Department 
     of Defense, shall establish a pilot program to reduce the 
     time for awards under the SBIR and STTR programs of the 
     Department of Defense, under which the Department of Defense 
     shall--
       ``(i) develop simplified and standardized procedures and 
     model contracts throughout the Department of Defense for 
     Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III SBIR awards;
       ``(ii) for Phase I SBIR and STTR awards, reduce the amount 
     of time between solicitation closure and award;
       ``(iii) for Phase II SBIR and STTR awards, reduce the 
     amount of time between the end of a Phase I award and the 
     start of the Phase II award;
       ``(iv) for Phase II SBIR and STTR awards that skip Phase I, 
     reduce the amount of time between solicitation closure and 
     award;
       ``(v) for sequential Phase II SBIR and STTR awards, reduce 
     the amount of time between Phase II awards; and
       ``(vi) reduce the award times described in clauses (ii), 
     (iii), (iv), and (v) to be as close to 90 days as possible.
       ``(B) Consultation.--In carrying out the pilot program 
     under subparagraph (A), the Director of Defense Procurement 
     and Acquisition Policy of the Department of Defense shall 
     consult with the Director of the Office of Small Business 
     Programs of the Department of Defense.
       ``(C) Termination.--The pilot program under subparagraph 
     (A) shall terminate on September 30, 2022.''; and
       (2) in subsection (ii)--
       (A) by striking ``Federal agencies'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) In general.--Federal agencies''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Comptroller general reports.--The Comptroller General 
     of the United States shall submit to the Committee on Small 
     Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate, the Committee on 
     Armed Services of the Senate, the Committee on Small Business 
     of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Armed 
     Services of the House of Representatives--
       ``(A) not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
     this paragraph, and every year thereafter for 3 years, a 
     report that--
       ``(i) provides the average and median amount of time that 
     each component of the Department of Defense with an SBIR or 
     STTR program takes to review and make a final decision on 
     proposals submitted under the program; and
       ``(ii) compares that average and median amount of time with 
     that of other Federal agencies participating in the SBIR or 
     STTR program; and
       ``(B) not later than December 5, 2021, a report that--
       ``(i) includes the information described in subparagraph 
     (A);
       ``(ii) assesses where each Federal agency participating in 
     the SBIR or STTR program needs improvement with respect to 
     the proposal review and award times under the program;
       ``(iii) identifies best practices for shortening the 
     proposal review and award times under the SBIR and STTR 
     programs, including the pros and cons of using contracts 
     compared to grants; and
       ``(iv) analyzes the efficacy of the pilot program 
     established under subsection (hh)(2).''.
       (c) Improvements to Technical and Business Assistance.--
       (1) In general.--Section 9(q) of the Small Business Act (15 
     U.S.C. 638(q)) is amended--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
     Business'' after ``Technical'';
       (B) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--

       (I) by striking ``a vendor selected under paragraph (2)'' 
     and inserting ``1 or more vendors selected under paragraph 
     (2)(A)'';
       (II) by inserting ``and business'' before ``assistance 
     services''; and
       (III) by inserting ``assistance with product sales, 
     intellectual property protections, market research, market 
     validation, and development of regulatory plans and 
     manufacturing plans,'' after ``technologies,''; and

       (ii) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``, including 
     intellectual property protections'' before the period at the 
     end;
       (C) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``Each agency may 
     select a vendor to assist small business concerns to meet'' 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(A) In general.--Each agency may select 1 or more vendors 
     from which small business concerns may obtain assistance in 
     meeting''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) Selection by small business concern.--A small 
     business concern may, by contract or otherwise, select 1 or 
     more vendors to assist the small business concern in meeting 
     the goals listed in paragraph (1).''; and
       (D) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``paragraph (2)'' each place 
     that term appears;
       (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$5,000 per year'' 
     each place that term appears and inserting ``$6,500 per 
     year'';
       (iii) in subparagraph (B)--

       (I) by striking ``$5,000 per year'' each place that term 
     appears and inserting ``$50,000 per project''; and
       (II) in clause (ii), by striking ``which shall be in 
     addition to the amount of the recipient's award'' and 
     inserting ``which may, as determined appropriate by the head 
     of the Federal agency, be included as part of the recipient's 
     award or be in addition to the amount of the recipient's 
     award'';

       (iv) in subparagraph (C)--

       (I) by inserting ``or business'' after ``technical'';
       (II) by striking ``the vendor'' and inserting ``a vendor''; 
     and
       (III) by adding at the end the following: ``Business-
     related services aimed at improving the commercialization 
     success of a small business concern may be obtained from an 
     entity, such as a public or private organization or an agency 
     of or other entity established or funded by a State that 
     facilitates or accelerates the commercialization of 
     technologies or assists in the creation and growth of private 
     enterprises that are commercializing technology.'';

       (v) in subparagraph (D)--

       (I) by inserting ``or business'' after ``technical'' each 
     place that term appears; and
       (II) in clause (i), by striking ``the vendor'' and 
     inserting ``1 or more vendors''; and

       (vi) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(E) Multiple award recipients.--The Administrator shall 
     establish a limit on the amount of technical and business 
     assistance services that may be received or purchased under 
     subparagraph (B) by a small business concern that has 
     received multiple Phase II SBIR or STTR awards for a fiscal 
     year.''; and
       (E) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Annual reporting.--
       ``(A) In general.--A small business concern that receives 
     technical or business assistance from a vendor under this 
     subsection during a fiscal year shall submit to the Federal 
     agency contracting with the vendor a description of the 
     technical or business assistance provided and the benefits 
     and results of the technical or business assistance provided.
       ``(B) Use of existing reporting mechanism.--The information 
     required under subparagraph (A) shall be collected by a 
     Federal agency as part of a report required to be submitted 
     by small business concerns engaged in SBIR or STTR projects 
     of the Federal agency for which the requirement was in effect 
     on the date of enactment of this paragraph.''.
       (2) Review.--Not later than the end of fiscal year 2019, 
     the Administrator of the Small Business Administration 
     shall--
       (A) conduct a survey of vendors providing technical or 
     business assistance under section 9(q) of the Small Business 
     Act (15 U.S.C. 638(q)), as amended by paragraph (1), and 
     small business concerns receiving the technical or business 
     assistance; and
       (B) submit to the Committee on Small Business and 
     Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee on Small 
     Business of the House of Representatives a report reviewing 
     the efficacy of the provision of the technical or business 
     assistance.

     SEC. 855. CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION.

       Section 15 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(w) Solicitation Notice Regarding Administration of 
     Change Orders for Construction.--
       ``(1) In general.--With respect to any solicitation for the 
     award of a contract for construction anticipated to be 
     awarded to a small business concern, the agency administering 
     such contract shall provide a notice along with the 
     solicitation to prospective bidders and offerors that 
     includes--
       ``(A) information about the agency's policies or practices 
     in complying with the requirements

[[Page H6724]]

     of the Federal Acquisition Regulation relating to the timely 
     definitization of requests for an equitable adjustment; and
       ``(B) information about the agency's past performance in 
     definitizing requests for equitable adjustments in accordance 
     with paragraph (2).
       ``(2) Requirements for agencies.--An agency shall provide 
     the past performance information described under paragraph 
     (1)(B) as follows:
       ``(A) For the 3-year period preceding the issuance of the 
     notice, to the extent such information is available.
       ``(B) With respect to an agency that, on the date of the 
     enactment of this subsection, has not compiled the 
     information described under paragraph (1)(B)--
       ``(i) beginning 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
     this subsection, for the 1-year period preceding the issuance 
     of the notice;
       ``(ii) beginning 2 years after the date of the enactment of 
     this subsection, for the 2-year period preceding the issuance 
     of the notice; and
       ``(iii) beginning 3 years after the date of the enactment 
     of this subsection and each year thereafter, for the 3-year 
     period preceding the issuance of the notice.
       ``(3) Format of past performance information.--In the 
     notice required under paragraph (1), the agency shall ensure 
     that the past performance information described under 
     paragraph (1)(B) is set forth separately for each 
     definitization action that was completed during the following 
     periods:
       ``(A) Not more than 30 days after receipt of a request for 
     an equitable adjustment.
       ``(B) Not more than 60 days after receipt of a request for 
     an equitable adjustment.
       ``(C) Not more than 90 days after receipt of a request for 
     an equitable adjustment.
       ``(D) Not more than 180 days after receipt of a request for 
     an equitable adjustment.
       ``(E) Not more than 365 days after receipt of a request for 
     an equitable adjustment.
       ``(F) More than 365 days after receipt of a request for an 
     equitable adjustment.
       ``(G) After the completion of the performance of the 
     contract through a contract modification addressing all 
     undefinitized requests for an equitable adjustment received 
     during the term of the contract.''.

     SEC. 856. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY OF IMPACT OF BROADBAND 
                   SPEED AND PRICE ON SMALL BUSINESSES.

       (a) Study Required.--Subject to appropriations, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a 
     study evaluating the impact of broadband speed and price on 
     small business concerns (as defined in section 3 of the Small 
     Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)).
       (b) Report.--Not later than three years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall 
     submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
     Transportation and the Committee on Small Business and 
     Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee on Energy 
     and Commerce and the Committee on Small Business of the House 
     of Representatives a report on the results of the study under 
     subsection (a), including--
       (1) a survey of broadband speeds available to small 
     business concerns;
       (2) a survey of the cost of broadband speeds available to 
     small business concerns;
       (3) a survey of the type of broadband technology used by 
     small business concerns; and
       (4) any policy recommendations that may improve the access 
     of small business concerns to comparable broadband services 
     at comparable rates in all regions of the United States.

     SEC. 857. CONSOLIDATED BUDGET DISPLAY FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH 
                   PROGRAM AND SMALL BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Budget Display Submission.--The Secretary of Defense, 
     acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering, shall include in the materials submitted to 
     Congress by the Secretary of Defense in support of the budget 
     of the President for each fiscal year (as submitted to 
     Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code), 
     a budget display for the funds assessed for the Small 
     Business Innovation Research Program or the Small Business 
     Technology Transfer Program (as such terms are defined, 
     respectively, in section 9(e) of the Small Business Act (15 
     U.S.C. 638(e))) of the Department of Defense during the 
     previous fiscal year.
       (b) Budget Display Requirements.--The budget display under 
     subsection (a) shall include--
       (1) for funds assessed, the amount obligated and expended, 
     by appropriation and functional area, for the Small Business 
     Innovation Research Program or the Small Business Technology 
     Transfer Program;
       (2) information, by military department and other awarding 
     organizations, on Phase I, II, and III awards;
       (3) to the extent practicable, specific processes, 
     products, technologies, or services that were transitioned to 
     acquisition programs of record, or other follow-on contracts; 
     and
       (4) an estimate of the Small Business Innovation Research 
     Program and the Small Business Technology Transfer Program 
     funding to be assessed during the period covered by the 
     current future-years defense program (as defined under 
     section 221 of title 10, United States Code).
       (c) First Submission.--The first budget display under 
     subsection (a) shall be included with the budget for the 
     President for fiscal year 2020.
       (d) Congressional Committees.--The budget display under 
     subsection (a) shall be submitted to the congressional 
     defense committees, with copies provided to the Committee on 
     Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the 
     Committee on Small Business of the House of Representatives.
       (e) Termination.--The requirements of this section shall 
     terminate on December 31, 2022.
       (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to modify or otherwise affect the requirement to 
     expend amounts for the Small Business Innovation Research 
     Program and the Small Business Technology Transfer Program of 
     the Department of Defense under subsections (f) and (n) of 
     section 9 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638).

     SEC. 858. FUNDING FOR PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Amount of Assistance From Secretary.--Section 2413(b) 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``not more than 65 percent'' and inserting 
     ``not more than 75 percent''; and
       (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``more than 65 percent, 
     but not more than 75 percent'' and inserting ``more than 75 
     percent, but not more than 85 percent''.
       (b) Funding for Eligible Entities.--Section 2414(a) of such 
     title is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$750,000'' and 
     inserting ``$1,000,000'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$450,000'' and 
     inserting ``$750,000'';
       (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``$300,000'' and 
     inserting ``$450,000''; and
       (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``$750,000'' and 
     inserting ``$1,000,000''.

     SEC. 859. AUTHORIZATION FOR PAYMENT OF CERTAIN COSTS RELATING 
                   TO PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE CENTERS.

       (a) Authorization to Pay Costs Relating to Meetings of 
     Eligible Entities.--Section 2417 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in the heading, by inserting ``and other'' after 
     ``Administrative'';
       (2) by striking ``chapter, an amount'' and inserting 
     ``chapter--
       ``(1) an amount'';
       (3) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
     and''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) an amount determined appropriate by the Director to 
     assist eligible entities in payment of costs of eligible 
     entities --
       ``(A) for meetings to discuss best practices for the 
     improvement of the operations of procurement technical 
     assistance centers; and
       ``(B) for membership dues for any association of such 
     centers created by eligible entities, training fees and 
     associated travel for training to carry out the purposes of 
     this chapter, and voluntary participation on any committees 
     or board of such an association.''.
       (b) Briefing.--Not later than six months after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Defense 
     Logistics Agency shall brief the congressional defense 
     committees on the recognition or lack of recognition by the 
     Department of Defense of procurement technical assistance 
     center associations and the rationale for the recognition or 
     lack of recognition, including a discussion of whether the 
     Department needs authority to recognize such associations.

     SEC. 860. COMMERCIALIZATION ASSISTANCE PILOT PROGRAM.

       Section 9 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(uu) Commercialization Assistance Pilot Programs.--
       ``(1) Pilot programs implemented.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     not later than one year after the date of the enactment of 
     this subsection, a covered agency shall implement a 
     commercialization assistance pilot program, under which an 
     eligible entity may receive a subsequent Phase II SBIR award.
       ``(B) Exception.--If the Administrator determines that a 
     covered agency has a program that is sufficiently similar to 
     the commercialization assistance pilot program established 
     under this subsection, such covered agency shall not be 
     required to implement a commercialization assistance pilot 
     program under this subsection.
       ``(2) Percent of agency funds.--The head of each covered 
     agency may allocate not more than 5 percent of the funds 
     allocated to the SBIR program of the covered agency for the 
     purpose of making a subsequent Phase II SBIR award under the 
     commercialization assistance pilot program.
       ``(3) Termination.--A commercialization assistance pilot 
     program established under this subsection shall terminate on 
     September 30, 2022.
       ``(4) Application.--To be selected to receive a subsequent 
     Phase II SBIR award under a commercialization assistance 
     pilot program, an eligible entity shall submit to the covered 
     agency implementing such pilot program an application at such 
     time, in such manner, and containing such information as the 
     covered agency may require, including--
       ``(A) an updated Phase II commercialization plan; and
       ``(B) the source and amount of the matching funding 
     required under paragraph (5).
       ``(5) Matching funding.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Administrator shall require, as a 
     condition of any subsequent Phase II SBIR award made to an 
     eligible entity under this subsection, that a matching amount 
     (excluding any fees collected by the eligible entity 
     receiving such award) equal to the amount of such award be 
     provided from an eligible third-party investor.
       ``(B) Ineligible sources.--An eligible entity may not use 
     funding from ineligible sources to meet the matching 
     requirement of subparagraph (A).
       ``(6) Award.--A subsequent Phase II SBIR award made to an 
     eligible entity under this subsection--
       ``(A) may not exceed the limitation described under 
     subsection (aa)(1); and

[[Page H6725]]

       ``(B) shall be disbursed during Phase II.
       ``(7) Use of funds.--The funds awarded to an eligible 
     entity under this subsection may only be used for research 
     and development activities that build on eligible entity's 
     Phase II program and ensure the research funded under such 
     Phase II is rapidly progressing towards commercialization.
       ``(8) Selection.--In selecting eligible entities to 
     participate in a commercialization assistance pilot program 
     under this subsection, the head of a covered agency shall 
     consider--
       ``(A) the extent to which such award could aid the eligible 
     entity in commercializing the research funded under the 
     eligible entity's Phase II program;
       ``(B) whether the updated Phase II commercialization plan 
     submitted under paragraph (4) provides a sound approach for 
     establishing technical feasibility that could lead to 
     commercialization of such research;
       ``(C) whether the proposed activities to be conducted under 
     such updated Phase II commercialization plan further improve 
     the likelihood that such research will provide societal 
     benefits;
       ``(D) whether the small business concern has progressed 
     satisfactorily in Phase II to justify receipt of a subsequent 
     Phase II SBIR award;
       ``(E) the expectations of the eligible third-party investor 
     that provides matching funding under paragraph (5); and
       ``(F) the likelihood that the proposed activities to be 
     conducted under such updated Phase II commercialization plan 
     using matching funding provided by such eligible third-party 
     investor will lead to commercial and societal benefit.
       ``(9) Evaluation report.--Not later than 6 years after the 
     date of the enactment of this subsection, the Comptroller 
     General of the United States shall submit to the Committee on 
     Science, Space, and Technology and the Committee on Small 
     Business of the House of Representatives, and the Committee 
     on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate, a 
     report including--
       ``(A) a summary of the activities of commercialization 
     assistance pilot programs carried out under this subsection;
       ``(B) a detailed compilation of results achieved by such 
     commercialization assistance pilot programs, including the 
     number of eligible entities that received awards under such 
     programs;
       ``(C) the rate at which each eligible entity that received 
     a subsequent Phase II SBIR award under this subsection 
     commercialized research of the recipient;
       ``(D) the growth in employment and revenue of eligible 
     entities that is attributable to participation in a 
     commercialization assistance pilot program;
       ``(E) a comparison of commercialization success of eligible 
     entities participating in a commercialization assistance 
     pilot program with recipients of an additional Phase II SBIR 
     award under subsection (ff);
       ``(F) demographic information, such as ethnicity and 
     geographic location, of eligible entities participating in a 
     commercialization assistance pilot program;
       ``(G) an accounting of the funds used at each covered 
     agency that implements a commercialization assistance pilot 
     program under this subsection;
       ``(H) the amount of matching funding provided by eligible 
     third-party investors, set forth separately by source of 
     funding;
       ``(I) an analysis of the effectiveness of the 
     commercialization assistance pilot program implemented by 
     each covered agency; and
       ``(J) recommendations for improvements to the 
     commercialization assistance pilot program.
       ``(10) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection:
       ``(A) Covered agency.--The term `covered agency' means a 
     Federal agency required to have an SBIR program.
       ``(B) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means a 
     small business concern that has received a Phase II award 
     under an SBIR program and an additional Phase II SBIR award 
     under subsection (ff) from the covered agency to which such 
     small business concern is applying for a subsequent Phase II 
     SBIR award.
       ``(C) Eligible third-party investor.--The term `eligible 
     third-party investor' means a small business concern other 
     than an eligible entity, a venture capital firm, an 
     individual investor, a non-SBIR Federal, State or local 
     government, or any combination thereof.
       ``(D) Ineligible sources.--The term `ineligible sources' 
     means the following:
       ``(i) The eligible entity's internal research and 
     development funds.
       ``(ii) Funding in forms other than cash, such as in-kind or 
     other intangible assets.
       ``(iii) Funding from the owners of the eligible entity, or 
     the family members or affiliates of such owners.
       ``(iv) Funding attained through loans or other forms of 
     debt obligations.
       ``(E) Subsequent phase ii sbir award.--The term `subsequent 
     Phase II SBIR award' means an award granted to an eligible 
     entity under this subsection to carry out further 
     commercialization activities for research conducted pursuant 
     to an SBIR program.''.

     SEC. 861. PUERTO RICO BUSINESSES.

       (a) Definition of Puerto Rico Business.--Section 3 of the 
     Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new subsection:
       ``(ee) Puerto Rico Business.--In this Act, the term `Puerto 
     Rico business' means a small business concern that has its 
     principal office located in the Commonwealth of Puerto 
     Rico.''.
       (b) Small Business Credit for Puerto Rico Businesses.--
     Section 15 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(x) Small Business Credit for Puerto Rico Businesses.--
       ``(1) Credit for meeting contracting goals.--If an agency 
     awards a prime contract to Puerto Rico business during the 
     period beginning on the date of enactment of this subsection 
     and ending on the date that is 4 years after such date of 
     enactment, the value of the contract shall be doubled for 
     purposes of determining compliance with the goals for 
     procurement contracts under subsection (g)(1)(A)(i) during 
     such period.
       ``(2) Report.--Along with the report required under 
     subsection (h)(1), the head of each Federal agency shall 
     submit to the Administrator, and make publicly available on 
     the scorecard described in section 868(b) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (15 U.S.C. 644 
     note), an analysis of the number and dollar amount of prime 
     contracts awarded pursuant to paragraph (1) for each fiscal 
     year of the period described in such paragraph.''.
       (c) Priority for Surplus Property Transfers.--Section 
     7(j)(13)(F) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     636(j)(13)(F)) is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new clause:
       ``(iii)(I) In this clause, the term `covered period' means 
     the period beginning on the date of enactment of this clause 
     and ending on the date on which the Oversight Board 
     established under section 101 of the Puerto Rico Oversight, 
     Management, and Economic Stability Act (48 U.S.C. 2121) 
     terminates.
       ``(II) The Administrator may transfer technology or surplus 
     property under clause (i) to a Puerto Rico business if the 
     Puerto Rico business meets the requirements for such a 
     transfer, without regard to whether the Puerto Rico business 
     is a Program Participant.''.
       (d) Contracting Incentives for Protege Firms That Are 
     Puerto Rico Businesses.--
       (1) In general.--Section 45(a) of the Small Business Act 
     (15 U.S.C. 657r(a)) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Puerto rico businesses.--During the period beginning 
     on the date of enactment of this paragraph and ending on the 
     date on which the Oversight Board established under section 
     101 of the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic 
     Stability Act (48 U.S.C. 2121) terminates, the Administrator 
     shall identify potential incentives to a covered mentor that 
     awards a subcontract to its covered protege, including--
       ``(A) positive consideration in any past performance 
     evaluation of the covered mentor; and
       ``(B) the application of costs incurred for providing 
     training to such covered protege to the subcontracting plan 
     (as required under paragraph (4) or (5) of section 8(d)) of 
     the covered mentor.''.
       (2) Definitions.--Section 45(d) of the Small Business Act 
     (15 U.S.C. 657r(d)) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraphs:
       ``(4) Covered mentor.--The term `covered mentor' means a 
     mentor that enters into an agreement under this Act, or under 
     any mentor-protege program approved under subsection (b)(1), 
     with a covered protege.
       ``(5) Covered protege.--The term `covered protege' means a 
     protege of a covered mentor that is a Puerto Rico 
     business.''.
       (e) Additional Mentor-protege Relationships for Protege 
     Firms That Are Puerto Rico Businesses.--Section 45(b)(3)(A) 
     of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 657r(b)(3)(A)) is 
     amended by inserting ``, except that such restrictions shall 
     not apply to up to 2 mentor-protege relationships if such 
     relationships are between a covered protege and covered 
     mentor'' after ``each participant''.

     SEC. 862. OPPORTUNITIES FOR EMPLOYEE-OWNED BUSINESS CONCERNS 
                   THROUGH SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION LOAN 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) Definitions.--In this Act--
       (1) the terms ``Administration'' and ``Administrator'' 
     means the Small Business Administration and the Administrator 
     thereof, respectively;
       (2) the term ``cooperative'' means an entity that is 
     determined to be a cooperative by the Administrator, in 
     accordance with applicable Federal and State laws and 
     regulations;
       (3) the term ``employee-owned business concern'' means--
       (A) a cooperative; and
       (B) a qualified employee trust;
       (4) the terms ``qualified employee trust'' and ``small 
     business concern'' have the meanings given those terms in 
     section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632); and
       (5) the term ``small business development center'' means a 
     small business development center described in section 21 of 
     the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648).
       (b) Expansion of 7(a) Loans.--
       (1) In general.--Section 7(a) of the Small Business Act (15 
     U.S.C. 636(a)) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (15)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) by striking ``this subsection to qualified employee 
     trusts'' and inserting ``this subsection--

       ``(i) to qualified employee trusts'';

       (II) in clause (i), as so designated--

       (aa) by inserting ``, and for any transaction costs 
     associated with purchasing,'' after ``purchasing'';
       (bb) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
     and''; and

       (III) by adding at the end the following:

       ``(ii) to a small business concern under a plan approved by 
     the Administrator, if the proceeds from the loan are only 
     used to make a loan to a qualified employee trust, and for 
     any transaction costs associated with making that loan, that 
     results in the qualified employee trust owning at least 51 
     percent of the small business concern.'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

       (I) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting ``or 
     by the small business concern'' after ``the trustee of such 
     trust'';

[[Page H6726]]

       (II) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (III) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``, and''; and
       (IV) by adding at the end the following:

       ``(iv) with respect to a loan made to a trust, or to a 
     cooperative in accordance with paragraph (35)--
       ``(I) a seller of the small business concern may remain 
     involved as an officer, director, or key employee of the 
     small business concern when a qualified employee trust or 
     cooperative has acquired 100 percent of ownership of the 
     small business concern; and
       ``(II) any seller of the small business concern who remains 
     as an owner of the small business concern, regardless of the 
     percentage of ownership interest, shall be required to 
     provide a personal guarantee by the Administration.''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(F) A small business concern that makes a loan to a 
     qualified employee trust under subparagraph (A)(ii) is not 
     required to contain the same terms and conditions as the loan 
     made to the small business concern that is guaranteed by the 
     Administration under such subparagraph.
       ``(G) With respect to a loan made to a qualified employee 
     trust under this paragraph, or to a cooperative in accordance 
     with paragraph (35), the Administrator may, as deemed 
     appropriate, elect to not require any mandatory equity to be 
     provided by the qualified employee trust or cooperative to 
     make the loan.''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(35) Loans to cooperatives.--
       ``(A) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term 
     `cooperative' means an entity that is determined to be a 
     cooperative by the Administrator, in accordance with 
     applicable Federal and State laws and regulation.
       ``(B) Authority.--The Administration shall guarantee loans 
     made to a cooperative for the purpose described in paragraph 
     (15).''.
       (2) Delegation of authority to preferred lenders.--Section 
     5(b)(7) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 634(b)(7)) is 
     amended by inserting ``, including loans guaranteed under 
     paragraph (15) or (35) of section 7(a)'' after ``deferred 
     participation loans''.
       (c) Small Business Investment Company Program Outreach.--
     The Administrator shall provide outreach and educational 
     materials to companies licensed under section 301(c) of the 
     Small Business Investment Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 681(c)) to 
     increase the use of funds to make investments in company 
     transitions to employee-owned business concerns.
       (d) Small Business Microloan Program Outreach.--The 
     Administrator shall provide outreach and educational 
     materials to intermediaries under section 7(m) of the Small 
     Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(m)) to increase the use of funds 
     to make loans to employee-owned business concerns, including 
     transitions to employee-owned business concerns.
       (e) Small Business Development Center Outreach and 
     Assistance.--
       (1) Establishment.--The Administrator shall establish a 
     Small Business Employee Ownership and Cooperatives Promotion 
     Program to offer technical assistance and training on the 
     transition to employee ownership through cooperatives and 
     qualified employee trusts.
       (2) Small business development centers.--
       (A) In general.--In carrying out the program established 
     under subsection (a), the Administrator shall enter into 
     agreements with small business development centers under 
     which the centers shall--
       (i) provide access to information and resources on employee 
     ownership through cooperatives or qualified employee trusts 
     as a business succession strategy;
       (ii) conduct training and educational activities; and
       (iii) carry out the activities described in subparagraph 
     (U) of section 21(c)(3) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     648(c)(3)).
       (B) Additional services.--Section 21(c)(3) of the Small 
     Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648(c)(3)) is amended--
       (i) in subparagraph (S), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (ii) in subparagraph (T), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(U) encouraging and assisting the provision of succession 
     planning to small business concerns with a focus on 
     transitioning to cooperatives, as defined in section 
     7(a)(35), and qualified employee trusts (collectively 
     referred to in this subparagraph as `employee-owned business 
     concerns'), including by--
       ``(i) providing training to individuals to promote the 
     successful management, governance, or operation of a business 
     purchased by those individuals in the formation of an 
     employee-owned business concern;
       ``(ii) assisting employee-owned business concerns that meet 
     applicable size standards established under section 3(a) with 
     education and technical assistance with respect to financing 
     and contracting programs administered by the Administration;
       ``(iii) coordinating with lenders on conducting outreach on 
     financing through programs administered by the Administration 
     that may be used to support the transition of ownership to 
     employees;
       ``(iv) supporting small business concerns in exploring or 
     assessing the possibility of transitioning to an employee-
     owned business concern; and
       ``(v) coordinating with the cooperative development centers 
     of the Department of Agriculture, the land grant extension 
     network, the Manufacturing Extension Partnership, community 
     development financial institutions, employee ownership 
     associations and service providers, and local, regional and 
     national cooperative associations.''.
       (f) Amendment to Report to Congress on Status of Employee-
     owned Firms.--Section 7(a)(15)(E) of the Small Business Act 
     (15 U.S.C. 636(a)(15)(E)) is amended by striking 
     ``Administration.'' and inserting ``Administration, which 
     shall include--
       ``(i) the total number of loans made to employee-owned 
     business concerns that were guaranteed by the Administrator 
     under section 7(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     636(a)) or section 502 of the Small Business Investment Act 
     of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 696), including the number of loans made--

       ``(I) to small business concerns owned and controlled by 
     socially and economically disadvantaged individuals; and
       ``(II) to cooperatives;

       ``(ii) the total number of financings made to employee-
     owned business concerns by companies licensed under section 
     301(c) of the Small Business Investment Act of 1958 (15 
     U.S.C. 696(c)), including the number of financings made--

       ``(I) to small business concerns owned and controlled by 
     socially and economically disadvantaged individuals; and
       ``(II) to cooperatives; and

       ``(iii) any outreach and educational activities conducted 
     by the Administration with respect to employee-owned business 
     concerns.''.
       (g) Report on Cooperative Lending.--
       (1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
     cooperatives have a unique business structure and are unable 
     to access the lending programs of the Administration 
     effectively due to loan guarantee requirements that are 
     incompatible with the business structure of cooperatives.
       (2) Study and report.--
       (A) Study.--The Administrator, in coordination with 
     lenders, stakeholders, and Federal agencies, shall study and 
     recommend practical alternatives for cooperatives that will 
     satisfy the loan guarantee requirements of the 
     Administration.
       (B) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to 
     Congress the recommendations developed under paragraph (1) 
     and a plan to implement such recommendations.
       (h) Amendment to Definition of Qualified Employee Trust.--
     Section 3(c)(2)(A)(ii) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     632(c)(2)(A)(ii)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(ii) which provides that each participant is entitled to 
     direct the plan trustee as to the manner of how to vote the 
     qualified employer securities (as defined in section 
     4975(e)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986), which are 
     allocated to the account of such participant with respect to 
     a corporate matter which (by law or charter) must be decided 
     by a vote conducted in accordance with section 409(e) of the 
     Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and''.

 Subtitle G--Provisions Related to Software and Technical Data Matters

     SEC. 865. VALIDATION OF PROPRIETARY AND TECHNICAL DATA.

       Section 2321(f) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
     in'' and inserting ``In''; and
       (2) by striking paragraph (2).

     SEC. 866. CONTINUATION OF TECHNICAL DATA RIGHTS DURING 
                   CHALLENGES.

       (a) Exercise of Rights in Technical Data Before Final 
     Disposition of a Challenge.--Section 2321(i) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Prior to 
     and'' after ``Rights and Liability'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs 
     (2) and (3), respectively; and
       (3) by inserting before paragraph (2), as so redesignated, 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(1) Upon filing of a suit or appeal under the contract 
     dispute statute by a contractor or subcontractor in an agency 
     Board of Contract Appeals or United States Claims Court 
     related to a decision made by a contracting officer under 
     subsection (g), the Secretary of Defense, or a Secretary of a 
     military department for programs for which milestone decision 
     authority has been delegated, on a nondelegable basis, may, 
     following notice to the contractor or subcontractor, 
     authorize use of the technical data in dispute if the 
     Secretary determines in writing that compelling mission 
     readiness requirements will not permit awaiting the final 
     decision by the agency Board of Contract Appeals or the 
     United States Claims Court.''.
       (b) Revision of the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation 
     Supplement.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise 
     the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement, by 
     interim or final rule, to implement the amendments made by 
     subsection (a).
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     and the revision required by subsection (b) shall become 
     effective on the date of publication of the interim or final 
     rule (whichever is earlier) required by subsection (b) and 
     shall apply to solicitations issued by Department of Defense 
     contracting activities after that date unless the senior 
     procurement executive of the agency concerned grants a waiver 
     on a case-by-case basis.
       (d) Guidance on Technical Data Right Negotiation.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall develop policies on the 
     negotiation of technical data rights for noncommercial 
     software that reflects the Department of Defense's needs for 
     technical data rights in the event of a protest or 
     replacement of incumbent contractor to meet defense 
     requirements in the most cost effective manner.

     SEC. 867. REQUIREMENT FOR NEGOTIATION OF TECHNICAL DATA PRICE 
                   BEFORE SUSTAINMENT OF MAJOR WEAPON SYSTEMS.

       Section 2439 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``, to the maximum extent practicable,'' 
     after ``shall ensure'';

[[Page H6727]]

       (2) by striking ``or for the production of a major weapon 
     system'' and inserting ``production of a major weapon system, 
     or sustainment of a major weapon system'';
       (3) by striking ``or production'' and inserting ``, 
     production, or sustainment''; and
       (4) in the heading, by striking ``or production'' and 
     inserting ``, production, or sustainment''.

     SEC. 868. IMPLEMENTATION OF RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE FINAL 
                   REPORT OF THE DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD TASK FORCE 
                   ON THE DESIGN AND ACQUISITION OF SOFTWARE FOR 
                   DEFENSE SYSTEMS.

       (a) Implementation Required.--Not later than 18 months 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall, except as provided under subsection (b), 
     commence implementation of each recommendation submitted as 
     part of the final report of the Defense Science Board Task 
     Force on the Design and Acquisition of Software for Defense 
     Systems.
       (b) Exceptions.--
       (1) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     commence implementation of a recommendation described under 
     subsection (a) later than the date required under such 
     subsection if the Secretary provides the congressional 
     defense committees with a specific justification for the 
     delay in implementation of such recommendation.
       (2) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may opt 
     not to implement a recommendation described under subsection 
     (a) if the Secretary provides to the congressional defense 
     committees--
       (A) the reasons for the decision not to implement the 
     recommendation; and
       (B) a summary of the alternative actions the Secretary 
     plans to take to address the purposes underlying the 
     recommendation.
       (c) Implementation Plans.--For each recommendation that the 
     Secretary is implementing, or that the Secretary plans to 
     implement, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees--
       (1) a summary of actions that have been taken to implement 
     the recommendation; and
       (2) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
     the implementation of the recommendation.

     SEC. 869. IMPLEMENTATION OF PILOT PROGRAM TO USE AGILE OR 
                   ITERATIVE DEVELOPMENT METHODS REQUIRED UNDER 
                   SECTION 873 OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE 
                   AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     include the following systems in the pilot program to use 
     agile or iterative development methods pursuant to section 
     873 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note):
       (1) Defense Retired and Annuitant Pay System 2 (DRAS2), 
     Defense Logistics Agency.
       (2) Army Integrated Air and Missile Defense (AIAMD), Army.
       (3) Army Contract Writing System (ACWS), Army.
       (4) Defense Enterprise Accounting and Management System 
     (DEAMS) Inc2, Air Force.
       (5) Item Master, Air Force.
       (b) Additions to List.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall identify three additional systems for participation in 
     the pilot program pursuant to section 873 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
     115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note) and notify the congressional 
     defense committees of the additions.
       (c) Community of Practice Advising on Agile or Iterative 
     Development.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
     and Sustainment shall establish a Community of Practice on 
     agile or iterative methods so that programs that have been 
     incorporating agile or iterative methods can share with 
     programs participating in the pilot the lessons learned, best 
     practices, and recommendations for improvements to 
     acquisition and supporting processes. The Service Acquisition 
     Executives of the military departments shall send 
     representation from the following programs, which have 
     reported using agile or iterative methods:
       (1) Air and Space Operations Center (AOC).
       (2) Command Control Battle Management and Communications 
     (C2BMC).
       (3) The family of Distributed Common Ground Systems.
       (4) The family of Global Command and Control Systems.
       (5) Navy Personnel and Pay (NP2).
       (6) Other programs and activities as appropriate.
       (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall report 
     to the congressional defense committees on the status of the 
     pilot program and each system participating in the pilot. The 
     report shall include the following elements:
       (1) A description of how cost and schedule estimates in 
     support of the program are being conducted and using what 
     methods.
       (2) The contracting strategy and types of contracts that 
     will be used in executing the program.
       (3) A description of how intellectual property ownership 
     issues associated with software applications developed with 
     agile or iterative methods will be addressed to ensure future 
     sustainment, maintenance, and upgrades to software 
     applications after the applications are fielded.
       (4) A description of the tools and software applications 
     that are expected to be developed for the program and the 
     costs and cost categories associated with each.
       (5) A description of challenges the program has faced in 
     realigning the program to use agile or iterative methods.
       (e) Modifications to Pilot Program Selection Criteria.--
     Section 873(a)(3)(B) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2223a 
     note) is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``or subsystems'' after ``In selecting 
     systems'';
       (2) in clause (i)(II), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
     ``; or''; and
       (3) in clause (ii)(II), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
     ``; or''.

     SEC. 870. REPORT ON REQUIRING ACCESS TO DIGITAL TECHNICAL 
                   DATA IN FUTURE ACQUISITIONS OF COMBAT, COMBAT 
                   SERVICE, AND COMBAT SUPPORT SYSTEMS.

       Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the feasibility 
     and advisability of requiring access to digital technical 
     data in all future acquisitions by the Department of Defense 
     of combat, combat service, and combat support systems, 
     including front-end negotiations for such access. Such report 
     shall include a digital data standard for technical data for 
     use by equipment manufacturers and the Department with regard 
     to three-dimensional printed parts.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

     SEC. 871. PROHIBITION ON ACQUISITION OF SENSITIVE MATERIALS 
                   FROM NON-ALLIED FOREIGN NATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Subchapter V of chapter 148 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
     2533b the following new section:

     ``Sec. 2533c. Prohibition on acquisition of sensitive 
       materials from non-allied foreign nations

       ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (c), 
     the Secretary of Defense may not--
       ``(1) procure any covered material melted or produced in 
     any covered nation, or any end item that contains a covered 
     material manufactured in any covered nation, except as 
     provided by subsection (c); or
       ``(2) sell any covered material from the National Defense 
     Stockpile, if the National Defense Stockpile Manager 
     determines that such a sale is not in the national interests 
     of the United States, to--
       ``(A) any covered nation; or
       ``(B) any third party that the Secretary reasonably 
     believes is acting as a broker or agent for a covered nation 
     or an entity in a covered nation.
       ``(b) Applicability.--Subsection (a) shall apply to prime 
     contracts and subcontracts at any tier.
       ``(c) Exceptions.--Subsection (a) does not apply under the 
     following circumstances:
       ``(1) If the Secretary of Defense determines that covered 
     materials of satisfactory quality and quantity, in the 
     required form, cannot be procured as and when needed at a 
     reasonable price.
       ``(2) To the procurement of an end item described in 
     subsection (a)(1) or the sale of any covered material 
     described under subsection (a)(1) by the Secretary outside of 
     the United States for use outside of the United States.
       ``(3) To the purchase by the Secretary of an end item 
     containing a covered material that is--
       ``(A) a commercially available off-the-shelf item (as 
     defined in section 104 of title 41), other than--
       ``(i) a commercially available off-the-shelf item that is 
     50 percent or more tungsten by weight; or
       ``(ii) a mill product, such as bar, billet, slab, wire, 
     cube, sphere, block, blank, plate, or sheet, that has not 
     been incorporated into an end item, subsystem, assembly, or 
     component;
       ``(B) an electronic device, unless the Secretary of 
     Defense, upon the recommendation of the Strategic Materials 
     Protection Board pursuant to section 187 of this title, 
     determines that the domestic availability of a particular 
     electronic device is critical to national security; or
       ``(C) a neodymium-iron-boron magnet manufactured from 
     recycled material if the milling of the recycled material and 
     sintering of the final magnet takes place in the United 
     States.
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Covered material.--The term `covered material' 
     means--
       ``(A) samarium-cobalt magnets;
       ``(B) neodymium-iron-boron magnets;
       ``(C) tungsten metal powder; and
       ``(D) tungsten heavy alloy or any finished or semi-finished 
     component containing tungsten heavy alloy.
       ``(2) Covered nation.--The term `covered nation' means--
       ``(A) the Democratic People's Republic of North Korea;
       ``(B) the People's Republic of China;
       ``(C) the Russian Federation; and
       ``(D) the Islamic Republic of Iran.
       ``(3) End item.--The term `end item' has the meaning given 
     in section 2533b(m) of this title.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents at the 
     beginning of such subchapter is amended by inserting after 
     the item relating to section 2533b the following item:

``2533c. Prohibition on acquisition of sensitive materials from non-
              allied foreign nations.''.

     SEC. 872. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON PROVIDING FUNDS TO THE 
                   ENEMY.

       Section 841(n) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (Public Law 113-291; 127 Stat. 3455; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note) is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and 
     inserting ``December 31, 2021''.

     SEC. 873. DATA, POLICY, AND REPORTING ON THE USE OF OTHER 
                   TRANSACTIONS.

       (a) Collection and Storage.--The Service Acquisition 
     Executives of the military departments shall collect data on 
     the use of other

[[Page H6728]]

     transactions by their respective departments, and the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
     shall collect data on all other use by the Department of 
     Defense of other transactions, including use by the Defense 
     Agencies. The data shall be stored in a manner that allows 
     the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and other 
     appropriate officials access at any time.
       (b) Use of Data.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition shall analyze and leverage the data collected 
     under subsection (a) to update policy and guidance related to 
     the use of other transactions.
       (c) Report Required.--Not later than December 31, 2018, and 
     each December 31 thereafter through December 31, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report covering the preceding fiscal 
     year on the Department's use of other transaction authority. 
     Each report shall summarize and display the data collected 
     under subsection (a) on the nature and extent of the use of 
     the authority, including a summary and detail showing--
       (1) organizations involved, quantities, amounts of 
     payments, and purpose, description, and status of projects; 
     and
       (2) highlights of successes and challenges using the 
     authority, including case examples.

     SEC. 874. STANDARDIZATION OF FORMATTING AND PUBLIC 
                   ACCESSIBILITY OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORTS 
                   TO CONGRESS.

       (a) Report Formatting Plan Required.--Not later than March 
     1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a plan to the 
     congressional defense committees on activities to standardize 
     the formatting of unclassified Department of Defense reports 
     required by Congress. Such plan shall include--
       (1) a description of the method for ensuring that reports 
     are created in a platform-independent, machine-readable 
     format that can be retrieved, downloaded, indexed, and 
     searched by commonly used web search applications; and
       (2) a cost estimate and schedule for implementation of the 
     activities under paragraph (1), with a completion date of not 
     later than March 1, 2020.
       (b) Online Repository Plan Required.--Not later than March 
     1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a briefing to 
     the congressional defense committees on the feasibility of 
     developing a publically accessible online repository of 
     unclassified reports of the Department of Defense issued 
     since January 1, 2010. Such briefing shall include--
       (1) protocols for inclusion of unclassified reports that, 
     as determined by the Secretary, may not be appropriate for 
     public release in their entirety; and
       (2) a cost estimate and schedule for implementation and 
     maintenance of the online repository.

     SEC. 875. PROMOTION OF THE USE OF GOVERNMENT-WIDE AND OTHER 
                   INTERAGENCY CONTRACTS.

       Section 865(b)(1) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 
     31 U.S.C. 1535 note) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``that all interagency acquisitions--'' and 
     inserting ``that--'';
       (2) in subparagraph (A)--
       (A) by inserting ``all interagency assisted acquisitions'' 
     before ``include''; and
       (B) by inserting ``and'' after the semicolon;
       (3) by striking subparagraph (B); and
       (4) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B), 
     and in that subparagraph by inserting ``all interagency 
     assisted acquisitions'' before ``include''.

     SEC. 876. INCREASING COMPETITION AT THE TASK ORDER LEVEL.

       Section 3306(c) of title 41, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``except as provided in 
     paragraph (3),'' in subparagraphs (B) and (C) after the 
     subparagraph designation; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(3) Exceptions for certain indefinite delivery, 
     indefinite quantity multiple-award contracts and certain 
     federal supply schedule contracts for services acquired on an 
     hourly rate.--If an executive agency issues a solicitation 
     for one or more contracts for services to be acquired on an 
     hourly rate basis under the authority of sections 4103 and 
     4106 of this title or section 152(3) of this title and 
     section 501(b) of title 40 and the executive agency intends 
     to make a contract award to each qualifying offeror and the 
     contract or contracts will feature individually competed task 
     or delivery orders based on hourly rates--
       ``(A) the contracting officer need not consider price as an 
     evaluation factor for contract award; and
       ``(B) if, pursuant to subparagraph (A), price is not 
     considered as an evaluation factor for contract award, cost 
     or price to the Federal Government shall be considered in 
     conjunction with the issuance pursuant to sections 4106(c) 
     and 152(3) of this title of any task or delivery order under 
     any contract resulting from the solicitation.
       ``(4) Definition.--In paragraph (3), the term `qualifying 
     offeror' means an offeror that--
       ``(A) is determined to be a responsible source;
       ``(B) submits a proposal that conforms to the requirements 
     of the solicitation;
       ``(C) meets all technical requirements; and
       ``(D) is otherwise eligible for award.''.

     SEC. 877. INDIVIDUAL ACQUISITION FOR COMMERCIAL LEASING 
                   SERVICES.

       (a) In General.--For the purpose of section 863 of Public 
     Law 110-417, an individual acquisition for commercial leasing 
     services shall not be construed as a purchase of property or 
     services if such individual acquisition is made on a no cost 
     basis and pursuant to a multiple award contract awarded in 
     accordance with requirements for full and open competition.
       (b) Audit.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall--
       (1) conduct biennial audits of the General Services 
     Administration National Broker Contract to determine--
       (A) whether brokers selected under the program provide 
     lower lease rental rates than rates negotiated by General 
     Services Administration staff; and
       (B) the impact of the program on the length of time of 
     lease procurements;
       (2) conduct a review of whether the application of section 
     863 of Public Law 110-417 to acquisitions for commercial 
     leasing services resulted in rental cost savings for the 
     Government during the years in which such section was 
     applicable prior to the date of enactment of this section; 
     and
       (3) not later than September 30, 2019, and September 30, 
     2021, submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
     Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
     Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a 
     report that--
       (A) summarizes the results of the audit and review required 
     by paragraphs (1) and (2);
       (B) includes an assessment of whether the National Broker 
     Contract provides greater efficiencies and savings than the 
     use of General Services Administration staff; and
       (C) includes recommendations for improving General Services 
     Administration lease procurements.
       (c) Termination.--This section shall terminate on December 
     31, 2022.

     SEC. 878. PROCUREMENT ADMINISTRATIVE LEAD TIME DEFINITION AND 
                   PLAN.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Administrator for Federal 
     Procurement Policy shall develop, make available for public 
     comment, and finalize--
       (1) a definition of the term ``Procurement administrative 
     lead time'' or ``PALT'', to be applied Government-wide, that 
     describes the amount of time from the date on which a 
     solicitation for a contract or task order is issued to the 
     date of an initial award of the contract or task order; and
       (2) a plan for measuring and publicly reporting data on 
     PALT for Federal Government contracts and task orders in 
     amounts greater than the simplified acquisition threshold.
       (b) Requirement for Definition.--Unless the Administrator 
     determines otherwise, the amount of time in the definition of 
     PALT developed under subsection (a) shall--
       (1) begin on the date on which an initial solicitation is 
     issued by a Federal department or agency for a contract or 
     task order; and
       (2) end on the date of the award of the contract or task 
     order.
       (c) Coordination.--In developing the definition of PALT, 
     the Administrator shall coordinate with--
       (1) the senior procurement executives of Federal agencies;
       (2) the Secretary of Defense; and
       (3) the Administrator of the General Services 
     Administration on modifying the existing data system of the 
     Federal Government to determine the date on which the initial 
     solicitation is issued.
       (d) Use of Existing Procurement Data System.--In developing 
     the plan for measuring and publicly reporting data on PALT 
     required by subsection (a), the Administrator shall, to the 
     maximum extent practicable, rely on the information contained 
     in the Federal procurement data system established pursuant 
     to section 1122(a)(4) of title 41, United States Code, 
     including any modifications to that system.

     SEC. 879. BRIEFING ON FUNDING OF PRODUCT SUPPORT STRATEGIES.

       (a) Briefing Required.--For each of the fiscal years 2020, 
     2021, and 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall provide an 
     annotated briefing to the congressional defense committees 
     regarding the funding for product support strategies for 
     major weapon systems.
       (b) Contents.--The briefing shall include for each major 
     weapon system--
       (1) a current estimate of the total funding required for 
     the product support strategy for specific costs of the 
     weapons system over its expected lifecycle;
       (2) a current estimate of the funding required for the 
     product support strategy per year over the future years 
     defense program for the specific product support costs of the 
     weapon system;
       (3) a summary of the funding requested for the product 
     support strategy in the future years defense program per year 
     specifically for the weapon system;
       (4) a summary of the amounts expended to support costs 
     specific to the weapon system as described in the product 
     support strategy of the weapon system during the prior fiscal 
     year; and
       (5) a summary of improvements made to data collection and 
     analysis capabilities of the Department of Defense, including 
     in the military services, to improve the analysis and cost 
     estimation of lifecycle costs, improve the analysis and 
     identification of cost drivers, reduce lifecycle cost 
     variance, identify common and shared costs for multiple 
     weapons systems, and isolate the lifecycle costs attributable 
     to specific individual weapons systems.

     SEC. 880. USE OF LOWEST PRICE TECHNICALLY ACCEPTABLE SOURCE 
                   SELECTION PROCESS.

       (a) Statement of Policy.--It shall be the policy of the 
     United States Government to avoid using lowest price 
     technically acceptable source selection criteria in 
     circumstances that would deny the Government the benefits of 
     cost and technical tradeoffs in the source selection process.

[[Page H6729]]

       (b) Revision of Federal Acquisition Regulation.--Not later 
     than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     the Federal Acquisition Regulation shall be revised to 
     require that, for solicitations issued on or after the date 
     that is 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     lowest price technically acceptable source selection criteria 
     are used only in situations in which--
       (1) an executive agency is able to comprehensively and 
     clearly describe the minimum requirements expressed in terms 
     of performance objectives, measures, and standards that will 
     be used to determine acceptability of offers;
       (2) the executive agency would realize no, or minimal, 
     value from a contract proposal exceeding the minimum 
     technical or performance requirements set forth in the 
     request for proposal;
       (3) the proposed technical approaches will require no, or 
     minimal, subjective judgment by the source selection 
     authority as to the desirability of one offeror's proposal 
     versus a competing proposal;
       (4) the executive agency has a high degree of confidence 
     that a review of technical proposals of offerors other than 
     the lowest bidder would not result in the identification of 
     factors that could provide value or benefit to the executive 
     agency;
       (5) the contracting officer has included a justification 
     for the use of a lowest price technically acceptable 
     evaluation methodology in the contract file; and
       (6) the executive agency has determined that the lowest 
     price reflects full life-cycle costs, including for 
     operations and support.
       (c) Avoidance of Use of Lowest Price Technically Acceptable 
     Source Selection Criteria in Certain Procurements.--To the 
     maximum extent practicable, the use of lowest price 
     technically acceptable source selection criteria shall be 
     avoided in the case of a procurement that is predominately 
     for the acquisition of--
       (1) information technology services, cybersecurity 
     services, systems engineering and technical assistance 
     services, advanced electronic testing, audit or audit 
     readiness services, health care services and records, 
     telecommunications devices and services, or other knowledge-
     based professional services;
       (2) personal protective equipment; or
       (3) knowledge-based training or logistics services in 
     contingency operations or other operations outside the United 
     States, including in Afghanistan or Iraq.
       (d) Report Requirement.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter 
     for two years, the Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
     report on the number of instances in which lowest price 
     technically acceptable source selection criteria is used for 
     a contract exceeding $5,000,000, including an explanation of 
     how the situations listed in subsection (b) were considered 
     in making a determination to use lowest price technically 
     acceptable source selection criteria.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Executive agency.--The term ``executive agency'' has 
     the meaning given that term in section 102 of title 40, 
     United States Code, except that the term does not include the 
     Department of Defense.
       (2) Contingency operation.--The term ``contingency 
     operation'' has the meaning given that term in section 101 of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (3) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the Committee 
     on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate.

     SEC. 881. PERMANENT SUPPLY CHAIN RISK MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY.

       (a) Permanent Extension of Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2339a. Requirements for information relating to supply 
       chain risk

       ``(a) Authority.--Subject to subsection (b), the head of a 
     covered agency may--
       ``(1) carry out a covered procurement action; and
       ``(2) limit, notwithstanding any other provision of law, in 
     whole or in part, the disclosure of information relating to 
     the basis for carrying out a covered procurement action.
       ``(b) Determination and Notification.--The head of a 
     covered agency may exercise the authority provided in 
     subsection (a) only after--
       ``(1) obtaining a joint recommendation by the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the 
     Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, on 
     the basis of a risk assessment by the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Intelligence, that there is a significant supply 
     chain risk to a covered system;
       ``(2) making a determination in writing, in unclassified or 
     classified form, with the concurrence of the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, that--
       ``(A) use of the authority in subsection (a)(1) is 
     necessary to protect national security by reducing supply 
     chain risk;
       ``(B) less intrusive measures are not reasonably available 
     to reduce such supply chain risk; and
       ``(C) in a case where the head of the covered agency plans 
     to limit disclosure of information under subsection (a)(2), 
     the risk to national security due to the disclosure of such 
     information outweighs the risk due to not disclosing such 
     information; and
       ``(3) providing a classified or unclassified notice of the 
     determination made under paragraph (2) to the appropriate 
     congressional committees, which notice shall include--
       ``(A) the information required by section 2304(f)(3) of 
     this title;
       ``(B) the joint recommendation by the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Chief 
     Information Officer of the Department of Defense as specified 
     in paragraph (1);
       ``(C) a summary of the risk assessment by the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Intelligence that serves as the 
     basis for the joint recommendation specified in paragraph 
     (1); and
       ``(D) a summary of the basis for the determination, 
     including a discussion of less intrusive measures that were 
     considered and why they were not reasonably available to 
     reduce supply chain risk.
       ``(c) Delegation.--The head of a covered agency may not 
     delegate the authority provided in subsection (a) or the 
     responsibility to make a determination under subsection (b) 
     to an official below the level of the service acquisition 
     executive for the agency concerned.
       ``(d) Limitation on Disclosure.--If the head of a covered 
     agency has exercised the authority provided in subsection 
     (a)(2) to limit disclosure of information--
       ``(1) no action undertaken by the agency head under such 
     authority shall be subject to review in a bid protest before 
     the Government Accountability Office or in any Federal court; 
     and
       ``(2) the agency head shall--
       ``(A) notify appropriate parties of a covered procurement 
     action and the basis for such action only to the extent 
     necessary to effectuate the covered procurement action;
       ``(B) notify other Department of Defense components or 
     other Federal agencies responsible for procurements that may 
     be subject to the same or similar supply chain risk, in a 
     manner and to the extent consistent with the requirements of 
     national security; and
       ``(C) ensure the confidentiality of any such notifications.
       ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Head of a covered agency.--The term `head of a 
     covered agency' means each of the following:
       ``(A) The Secretary of Defense.
       ``(B) The Secretary of the Army.
       ``(C) The Secretary of the Navy.
       ``(D) The Secretary of the Air Force.
       ``(2) Covered procurement action.--The term `covered 
     procurement action' means any of the following actions, if 
     the action takes place in the course of conducting a covered 
     procurement:
       ``(A) The exclusion of a source that fails to meet 
     qualification standards established in accordance with the 
     requirements of section 2319 of this title for the purpose of 
     reducing supply chain risk in the acquisition of covered 
     systems.
       ``(B) The exclusion of a source that fails to achieve an 
     acceptable rating with regard to an evaluation factor 
     providing for the consideration of supply chain risk in the 
     evaluation of proposals for the award of a contract or the 
     issuance of a task or delivery order.
       ``(C) The decision to withhold consent for a contractor to 
     subcontract with a particular source or to direct a 
     contractor for a covered system to exclude a particular 
     source from consideration for a subcontract under the 
     contract.
       ``(3) Covered procurement.--The term `covered procurement' 
     means--
       ``(A) a source selection for a covered system or a covered 
     item of supply involving either a performance specification, 
     as provided in section 2305(a)(1)(C)(ii) of this title, or an 
     evaluation factor, as provided in section 2305(a)(2)(A) of 
     this title, relating to supply chain risk;
       ``(B) the consideration of proposals for and issuance of a 
     task or delivery order for a covered system or a covered item 
     of supply, as provided in section 2304c(d)(3) of this title, 
     where the task or delivery order contract concerned includes 
     a contract clause establishing a requirement relating to 
     supply chain risk; or
       ``(C) any contract action involving a contract for a 
     covered system or a covered item of supply where such 
     contract includes a clause establishing requirements relating 
     to supply chain risk.
       ``(4) Supply chain risk.--The term `supply chain risk' 
     means the risk that an adversary may sabotage, maliciously 
     introduce unwanted function, or otherwise subvert the design, 
     integrity, manufacturing, production, distribution, 
     installation, operation, or maintenance of a covered system 
     so as to surveil, deny, disrupt, or otherwise degrade the 
     function, use, or operation of such system.
       ``(5) Covered system.--The term `covered system' means a 
     national security system, as that term is defined in section 
     3542(b) of title 44.
       ``(6) Covered item of supply.--The term `covered item of 
     supply' means an item of information technology (as that term 
     is defined in section 11101 of title 40) that is purchased 
     for inclusion in a covered system, and the loss of integrity 
     of which could result in a supply chain risk for a covered 
     system.
       ``(7) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     `appropriate congressional committees' means--
       ``(A) in the case of a covered system included in the 
     National Intelligence Program or the Military Intelligence 
     Program, the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate, 
     the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House 
     of Representatives, and the congressional defense committees; 
     and
       ``(B) in the case of a covered system not otherwise 
     included in subparagraph (A), the congressional defense 
     committees.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2339 the following new item:

``2339a. Requirements for information relating to supply chain risk.''.
       (b) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 806(g) of the 
     Ike Skelton National Defense

[[Page H6730]]

     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 
     10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is hereby repealed.

     SEC. 882. REVIEW OF MARKET RESEARCH.

       Not later than February 1, 2019, the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, 
     shall review the guidance of the Department of Defense with 
     regard to those portions of the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation regarding commercially available market research, 
     including sections 10.001(a)(2)(vi) and 10.002(b), and market 
     research practices. The review shall, at a minimum--
       (1) assess the impact that conducting market research has 
     on the Department's resources;
       (2) ensure that commercially available market research is 
     considered among other sources of research, as appropriate, 
     and reviewed prior to developing new requirements documents 
     for an acquisition by the Department;
       (3) assess the extent to which the legal or regulatory 
     definitions of market research should be made consistent, 
     revised, or expanded;
       (4) assess the extent to which guidance pertaining to 
     market research should be revised or expanded; and
       (5) evaluate best practices in market research in public 
     and private organizations, including use of information 
     technologies to support such research.

     SEC. 883. ESTABLISHMENT OF INTEGRATED REVIEW TEAM ON DEFENSE 
                   ACQUISITION INDUSTRY-GOVERNMENT EXCHANGE.

       (a) Study.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     direct the Defense Business Board to convene an integrated 
     review team (in this section referred to as the ``exchange 
     team'') to undertake a study on facilitating the exchange of 
     defense industry personnel on term assignments within the 
     Department of Defense.
       (2) Member participation.--
       (A) Defense business board.--The Chairman of the Defense 
     Business Board shall select six members from the membership 
     of the Board to participate on the exchange team, including 
     one member to lead the team.
       (B) Defense innovation board.--The Chairman of the Defense 
     Innovation Board shall select five appropriate members from 
     the membership of their Board to participate on the exchange 
     team.
       (C) Defense science board.--The Chairman of the Defense 
     Science Board shall select five appropriate members from the 
     membership of their Board to participate on the exchange 
     team.
       (D) Required experience.--The Chairmen referred to in 
     subparagraphs (A) through (C) shall ensure that members have 
     significant legislative or regulatory expertise and reflect 
     diverse experiences in the public and private sector.
       (3) Scope.--The study conducted pursuant to paragraph (1) 
     shall--
       (A) review legal, ethical, and financial disclosure 
     requirements for industry-government exchanges;
       (B) review existing or previous industry-government 
     exchange programs such as the Department of State's Franklin 
     Fellows Program and the Information Technology Exchange 
     Program;
       (C) review how the military departments address legal, 
     ethical, and financial requirements for members of the 
     reserve components who also maintain civilian employment in 
     the defense industry;
       (D) produce specific and detailed recommendations for any 
     legislation, including the amendment or repeal of 
     regulations, as well as non-legislative approaches, that the 
     members of the exchange team conducting the study determine 
     necessary to--
       (i) reduce barriers to industry-government exchange to 
     encourage the flow of acquisition best practices;
       (ii) ensure continuing financial and ethical integrity; and
       (iii) protect the best interests of the Department of 
     Defense; and
       (E) produce such additional recommendations for legislation 
     as the members consider appropriate.
       (4) Access to information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     provide the exchange team with timely access to appropriate 
     information, data, resources, and analysis so that the 
     exchange team may conduct a thorough and independent analysis 
     as required under this subsection.
       (b) Briefing.--Not later than December 31, 2018, the 
     exchange team shall provide an interim briefing to the 
     congressional defense committees on the study conducted under 
     subsection (a)
       (c) Final Report.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     exchange team shall submit a final report on the study to the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
     and the congressional defense committees.

     SEC. 884. EXCHANGE PROGRAM FOR ACQUISITION WORKFORCE 
                   EMPLOYEES.

       (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish an exchange program under which the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall arrange for 
     the temporary assignment of civilian personnel in the 
     Department of Defense acquisition workforce.
       (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the exchange program 
     established pursuant to subsection (a) are--
       (1) to familiarize personnel from the acquisition workforce 
     with the equities, priorities, processes, culture, and 
     workforce of the acquisition-related defense agencies;
       (2) to enable participants in the exchange program to 
     return the expertise gained through their exchanges to their 
     original organizations; and
       (3) to improve communication between and integration of the 
     organizations that support the policy, implementation, and 
     oversight of defense acquisition through lasting 
     relationships.
       (c) Participants.--
       (1) Number of participants.--The Under Secretary shall 
     select not less than 10 and no more than 20 participants per 
     year for participation in the exchange program established 
     under subsection (a).
       (2) Criteria for selection.--The Under Secretary shall 
     select participants for the exchange program established 
     under subsection (a) from among mid-career employees and 
     based on--
       (A) the qualifications and desire to participate in the 
     program of the employee; and
       (B) the technical needs and capacities of the acquisition 
     workforce, as applicable.
       (d) Terms.--Exchanges pursuant to the exchange program 
     established under subsection (a) shall be for terms of one to 
     two years, as determined and negotiated by the Under 
     Secretary. The terms may begin and end on a rolling basis.
       (e) Guidance and Implementation.--
       (1) Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall develop and 
     submit to the congressional defense committees interim 
     guidance on the form and contours of the exchange program 
     established under subsection (a).
       (2) Implementation.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall 
     implement the guidance developed under paragraph (1).

     SEC. 885. PROCESS TO LIMIT FOREIGN ACCESS TO TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Process and Procedures.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     develop a process and procedures for limiting foreign access 
     to technology through contracts, grants, cooperative 
     agreements, or other transactions, when such limitation is in 
     the interest of national security.
       (b) Report.--Not later than September 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the process and procedures developed 
     pursuant to subsection (a). The report shall include the 
     following elements:
       (1) An assessment of the Department of Defense's ability 
     through existing authorities to limit foreign access to 
     technology through contracts, grants, cooperative agreements, 
     or other transactions.
       (2) An assessment of the Department's need to implement a 
     process to limit foreign access to technology.
       (3) Recommendations for penalties for violations of access, 
     including intellectual property forfeiture.
       (c) Considerations.--The process and procedures developed 
     under subsection (a) shall be consistent with all existing 
     law, including laws relating to trade agreements, individual 
     protections, export controls, and the National Technology and 
     Industrial Base (NTIB).

     SEC. 886. PROCUREMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS SUPPLIES FOR 
                   EXPERIMENTAL PURPOSES.

       Section 2373(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by inserting ``telecommunications,'' after ``space-flight,''.

     SEC. 887. ACCESS BY DEVELOPMENTAL AND OPERATIONAL TESTING 
                   ACTIVITIES TO DATA REGARDING MODELING AND 
                   SIMULATION ACTIVITY.

       (a) In General.--Section 139(e) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(4) The Director shall have prompt access to all data 
     regarding modeling and simulation activity proposed to be 
     used by military departments and defense agencies in support 
     of operational or live fire test and evaluation of military 
     capabilities. This access shall include data associated with 
     verification, validation, and accreditation activities.''.
       (b) Additional Testing Data.--Developmental Test and 
     Evaluation activities under the leadership of the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
     shall have prompt access to all data regarding modeling and 
     simulation activity proposed to be used by military 
     departments and defense agencies in support of developmental 
     test and evaluation of military capabilities. This access 
     shall include data associated with verification, validation, 
     and accreditation activities.

     SEC. 888. INSTRUCTION ON PILOT PROGRAM REGARDING EMPLOYMENT 
                   OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall update the Defense 
     Federal Acquisition Regulatory Supplement to include an 
     instruction on the pilot program regarding employment of 
     persons with disabilities authorized under section 853 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 
     (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).

     SEC. 889. PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND VIDEO 
                   SURVEILLANCE SERVICES OR EQUIPMENT.

       (a) Prohibition on Use or Procurement.--(1) The head of an 
     executive agency may not--
       (A) procure or obtain or extend or renew a contract to 
     procure or obtain any equipment, system, or service that uses 
     covered telecommunications equipment or services as a 
     substantial or essential component of any system, or as 
     critical technology as part of any system; or
       (B) enter into a contract (or extend or renew a contract) 
     with an entity that uses any equipment, system, or service 
     that uses covered telecommunications equipment or services as 
     a substantial or essential component of any system, or as 
     critical technology as part of any system.
       (2) Nothing in paragraph (1) shall be construed to--

[[Page H6731]]

       (A) prohibit the head of an executive agency from procuring 
     with an entity to provide a service that connects to the 
     facilities of a third-party, such as backhaul, roaming, or 
     interconnection arrangements; or
       (B) cover telecommunications equipment that cannot route or 
     redirect user data traffic or permit visibility into any user 
     data or packets that such equipment transmits or otherwise 
     handles.
       (b) Prohibition on Loan and Grant Funds.--(1) The head of 
     an executive agency may not obligate or expend loan or grant 
     funds to procure or obtain, extend or renew a contract to 
     procure or obtain, or enter into a contract (or extend or 
     renew a contract) to procure or obtain the equipment, 
     services, or systems described in subsection (a).
       (2) In implementing the prohibition in paragraph (1), heads 
     of executive agencies administering loan, grant, or subsidy 
     programs, including the heads of the Federal Communications 
     Commission, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of 
     Homeland Security, the Small Business Administration, and the 
     Department of Commerce, shall prioritize available funding 
     and technical support to assist affected businesses, 
     institutions and organizations as is reasonably necessary for 
     those affected entities to transition from covered 
     communications equipment and services, to procure replacement 
     equipment and services, and to ensure that communications 
     service to users and customers is sustained.
       (3) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to--
       (A) prohibit the head of an executive agency from procuring 
     with an entity to provide a service that connects to the 
     facilities of a third-party, such as backhaul, roaming, or 
     interconnection arrangements; or
       (B) cover telecommunications equipment that cannot route or 
     redirect user data traffic or permit visibility into any user 
     data or packets that such equipment transmits or otherwise 
     handles.
       (c) Effective Dates.--The prohibition under subsection 
     (a)(1) shall take effect one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, and the prohibitions under subsection 
     (a)(2) and subsection (b) shall take effect two years after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (d) Waiver Authority.--
       (1) Executive agencies.--The head of an executive agency 
     may, on a one-time basis, waive the requirements under 
     subsection (a) with respect to an entity that requests such a 
     waiver. The waiver may be provided, for a period of not more 
     than two years after the effective dates described in 
     subsection (c), if the entity seeking the waiver--
       (A) provides a compelling justification for the additional 
     time to implement the requirements under such subsection, as 
     determined by the head of the executive agency; and
       (B) submits to the head of the executive agency, who shall 
     not later than 30 days thereafter submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees, a full and complete laydown of the 
     presences of covered telecommunications or video surveillance 
     equipment or services in the entity's supply chain and a 
     phase-out plan to eliminate such covered telecommunications 
     or video surveillance equipment or services from the entity's 
     systems.
       (2) Director of national intelligence.--The Director of 
     National Intelligence may provide a waiver on a date later 
     than the effective dates described in subsection (c) if the 
     Director determines the waiver is in the national security 
     interests of the United States.
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     ``appropriate congressional committees' '' means--
       (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
     the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on 
     Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Oversight and 
     Government Reform of the House of Representatives.
       (2) Covered foreign country.--The term ``covered foreign 
     country'' means the People's Republic of China.
       (3) Covered telecommunications equipment or services.--The 
     term ``covered telecommunications equipment or services'' 
     means any of the following:
       (A) Telecommunications equipment produced by Huawei 
     Technologies Company or ZTE Corporation (or any subsidiary or 
     affiliate of such entities).
       (B) For the purpose of public safety, security of 
     government facilities, physical security surveillance of 
     critical infrastructure, and other national security 
     purposes, video surveillance and telecommunications equipment 
     produced by Hytera Communications Corporation, Hangzhou 
     Technology Company, or Dahua Technology Company (or any 
     subsidiary or affiliate of such entities).
       (C) Telecommunications or video surveillance services 
     provided by such entities or using such equipment.
       (D) Telecommunications or video surveillance equipment or 
     services produced or provided by an entity that the Secretary 
     of Defense, in consultation with the Director of the National 
     Intelligence or the Director of the Federal Bureau of 
     Investigation, reasonably believes to be an entity owned or 
     controlled by, or otherwise connected to, the government of a 
     covered foreign country.
       (4) Executive agency.--The term ``executive agency'' has 
     the meaning given the term in section 133 of title 41, United 
     States Code.

     SEC. 890. PILOT PROGRAM TO ACCELERATE CONTRACTING AND PRICING 
                   PROCESSES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
     pilot program to reform and accelerate the contracting and 
     pricing processes associated with contracts in excess of 
     $50,000,000 by--
       (1) basing price reasonableness determinations on actual 
     cost and pricing data for purchases of the same or similar 
     products for the Department of Defense; and
       (2) reducing the cost and pricing data to be submitted in 
     accordance with section 2306a of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (b) Limitation.--The pilot program authorized under 
     subsection (a) may include no more than ten contracts, and 
     none of the selected contracts may be part of a major defense 
     acquisition program (as that term is defined under section 
     2430 of title 10, United States Code).
       (c) Report.--Not later than January 30, 2021, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the results of the pilot program 
     authorized under subsection (a) and an assessment of whether 
     the program should be continued or expanded.
       (d) Sunset.--The authority to carry out the pilot program 
     under this section shall expire on January 2, 2021.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Report on allocation of former responsibilities of the Under 
              Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
              Logistics.
Sec. 902. Modification of responsibilities of the Under Secretary of 
              Defense for Policy.
Sec. 903. Clarification of responsibilities and duties of the Chief 
              Information Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 904. Technical corrections to Department of Defense Test Resource 
              Management Center authority.
Sec. 905. Specification of certain duties of the Defense Technical 
              Information Center.

Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 911. Comprehensive review of operational and administrative 
              chains-of-command and functions of the Department of the 
              Navy.
Sec. 912. Modification of certain responsibilities of the Chairman of 
              the Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force concept 
              development.
Sec. 913. Clarification of certain risk assessment requirements of the 
              Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in connection with 
              the National Military Strategy.
Sec. 914.  Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and 
              Low Intensity Conflict review of United States Special 
              Operations Command.
Sec. 915. Expansion of principal duties of Assistant Secretary of the 
              Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition.
Sec. 916. Qualifications for appointment as Deputy Chief Management 
              Officer of a military department.
Sec. 917. Deadline for completion of full implementation of 
              requirements in connection with organization of the 
              Department of Defense for management of special 
              operations forces and special operations.
Sec. 918. Cross-functional teams in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 919. Limitation on transfer of the Chemical, Biological, and 
              Radiological Defense Division of the Navy.

  Subtitle C--Comprehensive Pentagon Bureaucracy Reform and Reduction

Sec. 921. Authorities and responsibilities of the Chief Management 
              Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 922. Analysis of Department of Defense business management and 
              operations datasets to promote savings and efficiencies.
Sec. 923. Periodic review of the Defense Agencies and Department of 
              Defense Field Activities by the Chief Management Officer 
              of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 924. Actions to increase the efficiency and transparency of the 
              Defense Logistics Agency.
Sec. 925. Review of functions of Defense Contract Audit Agency and 
              Defense Contract Management Agency.
Sec. 926. Review and improvement of the operations of the Defense 
              Finance and Accounting Service.
Sec. 927. Assessment of chief information officer functions in 
              connection with transition to enterprise-wide management 
              of information technology and computing.
Sec. 928. Comptroller General of the United States report on cross-
              enterprise activities of the Inspectors General of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 929. General provisions.

  Subtitle D--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                Matters

Sec. 931. Limitation on availability of funds for major headquarters 
              activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 932. John S. McCain Strategic Defense Fellows Program.
Sec. 933. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.
Sec. 934. Report on implementation of requirements on estimation and 
              comparison of costs of civilian and military manpower and 
              contract support for the Department of Defense.

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Sec. 935. Review of foreign currency exchange rates and analysis of 
              Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Defense appropriation.
Sec. 936. Responsibility for policy on civilian casualty matters.
Sec. 937. Additional matters in connection with background and security 
              investigations for Department of Defense personnel.
Sec. 938. Research and development to advance capabilities of the 
              Department of Defense in data integration and advanced 
              analytics in connection with personnel security.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 941. Trusted information provider program for national security 
              positions and positions of trust.
Sec. 942. Report on expedited processing of security clearances for 
              mission-critical positions.
Sec. 943. Report on clearance in person concept.

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

     SEC. 901. REPORT ON ALLOCATION OF FORMER RESPONSIBILITIES OF 
                   THE UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR ACQUISITION, 
                   TECHNOLOGY, AND LOGISTICS.

       Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting 
     forth the following:
       (1) A list of each provision of law, whether within or 
     outside title 10, United States Code, in force as of the date 
     of the report that, as of that date, assigns a duty, 
     responsibility, or other requirement to the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
       (2) For each duty, responsibility, or other requirement 
     specified in a provision of law listed pursuant to paragraph 
     (1), the allocation of such duty, responsibility, or 
     requirement within the Department of Defense, including--
       (A) solely to the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering;
       (B) solely to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment;
       (C) on a shared basis between the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering and the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment;
       (D) solely to another official or organization of the 
     Department;
       (E) on a shared basis between other officials and 
     organizations of the Department; or
       (F) not allocated.

     SEC. 902. MODIFICATION OF RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE UNDER 
                   SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR POLICY.

       (a) General Responsibilities.--Paragraph (2) of section 
     134(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(2) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of 
     the Secretary of Defense, the Under Secretary shall be 
     responsible and have overall direction and supervision for--
       ``(A) the development, implementation, and integration 
     across the Department of Defense of the National Defense 
     Strategy (as described by section 113 of this title) and 
     strategic policy guidance for the activities of the 
     Department of Defense across all geographic regions and 
     military functions and domains;
       ``(B) the integration of the activities of the Department 
     into the National Security Strategy of the United States;
       ``(C) the development of policy guidance for the 
     preparation of campaign and contingency plans by the 
     combatant commands, and for the review of such plans;
       ``(D) the preparation of policy guidance for the 
     development of the global force posture; and
       ``(E) the development of the Defense Planning Guidance that 
     guides the formulation of program and budget requests by the 
     military departments and other elements of the Department.''.
       (b) Responsibilities in Connection With Joint Force 
     Capabilities and Readiness.--Such section is further amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of 
     the Secretary of Defense, the Under Secretary shall 
     coordinate with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and 
     the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation to--
       ``(A) develop planning scenarios that describe the present 
     and future strategic and operational environments by which to 
     assess joint force capabilities and readiness; and
       ``(B) develop specific objectives that the joint force 
     should be ready to achieve, and conduct assessments of the 
     capability (in terms of both capacity and readiness) of the 
     joint force to achieve such objectives.''.

     SEC. 903. CLARIFICATION OF RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES OF THE 
                   CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       Section 142(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``(other than with 
     respect to business systems and management)'' after 
     ``sections 3506(a)(2)'';
       (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``section 11315 of 
     title 40'' and inserting ``sections 11315 and 11319 of title 
     40 (other than with respect to business systems and 
     management)''; and
       (3) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``sections 2222, 
     2223(a), and 2224 of this title'' and inserting ``sections 
     2223(a) (other than with respect to business systems and 
     management) and 2224 of this title''.

     SEC. 904. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TEST 
                   RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CENTER AUTHORITY.

       Section 196 of title 10, United States Code, is amended in 
     subsections (c)(1)(B) and (g) by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering''.

     SEC. 905. SPECIFICATION OF CERTAIN DUTIES OF THE DEFENSE 
                   TECHNICAL INFORMATION CENTER.

       (a) In General.--In addition to any other duties specified 
     for the Defense Technical Information Center by law, 
     regulation, or Department of Defense directive or 
     instruction, the duties of the Center shall include the 
     following:
       (1) To execute the Global Research Watch Program under 
     section 2365 of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) To develop and maintain datasets and other data 
     repositories on research and engineering activities being 
     conducted within the Department.
       (b) Action Plan.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a plan of action for the 
     commencement by the Defense Technical Information Center of 
     the duties specified in subsection (a).

Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

     SEC. 911. COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF OPERATIONAL AND 
                   ADMINISTRATIVE CHAINS-OF-COMMAND AND FUNCTIONS 
                   OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct a 
     comprehensive review of the operational and administrative 
     chains-of-command and functions of the Department of the 
     Navy.
       (b) Elements.--In conducting the review required by 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider options to do 
     each of the following:
       (1) Increase visibility of unit-level readiness at senior 
     levels.
       (2) Reduce so-called ``double-hatting'' and ``triple-
     hatting'' commanders.
       (3) Clarify organizations responsible and accountable for 
     training and certification at the unit, group, and fleet 
     level.
       (4) Simplify reporting requirements applicable to 
     commanding officers.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the results of 
     the review required by subsection (a). The report shall 
     include the following:
       (A) The results of the review, including any findings of 
     the Secretary as a result of the review.
       (B) Any organizational changes in operational or 
     administrative chains-of-command or functions of the 
     Department undertaken or to be undertaken by the Secretary in 
     light of the review.
       (C) Any recommendations for legislative or administration 
     action with respect to the operational or administrative 
     chains-of-command or functions of the Department the 
     Secretary considers appropriate in light of the review.
       (2) Form.--The report under this subsection shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 912. MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE 
                   CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF RELATING 
                   TO JOINT FORCE CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT.

       Subparagraph (D) of section 153(a)(6) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(D) formulating policies for development and 
     experimentation on both urgent and long-term concepts for 
     joint force employment, including establishment of a process 
     within the Joint Staff for analyzing and prioritizing gaps in 
     capabilities that could potentially be addressed by joint 
     concept development using existing or modified joint force 
     capabilities;''.

     SEC. 913. CLARIFICATION OF CERTAIN RISK ASSESSMENT 
                   REQUIREMENTS OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT 
                   CHIEFS OF STAFF IN CONNECTION WITH THE NATIONAL 
                   MILITARY STRATEGY.

       Section 153(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)(D)(iii), by striking ``military 
     strategic and operational risks'' and inserting ``military 
     risk''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)(B)(ii), by striking ``military 
     strategic and operational risks to United States interests 
     and the military strategic and operational risks in executing 
     the National Military Strategy (or update)'' and inserting 
     ``military strategic risks to United States interests and 
     military risks in executing the National Military Strategy 
     (or update)''.

     SEC. 914. ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR SPECIAL 
                   OPERATIONS AND LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT REVIEW OF 
                   UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.

       (a) Review Required.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense 
     for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict shall, in 
     coordination with the Commander of the United States Special 
     Operations Command, conduct a comprehensive review of the 
     United States Special Operations Command for purposes of 
     ensuring that the institutional and operational capabilities 
     of special operations forces are appropriate to counter 
     anticipated future threats across the spectrum of conflict.
       (b) Scope of Review.--The review required by subsection (a) 
     shall include, at a minimum, the following:
       (1) An assessment of the adequacy of special operations 
     forces doctrine, organization, training, materiel, education, 
     personnel, and facilities to implement the 2018 National 
     Defense Strategy, and recommendations, if any, for 
     modifications for that purpose.

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       (2) An assessment of the roles and responsibilities of 
     special operations forces as assigned by law, Department of 
     Defense guidance, or other formal designation, and 
     recommendations, if any, for additions to or divestitures of 
     such roles or responsibilities.
       (3) An assessment of the adequacy of the processes through 
     which the United States Special Operations Command evaluates 
     and prioritizes the requirements at the geographic combatant 
     commands for special operations forces and special 
     operations-unique capabilities and makes recommendations on 
     the allocation of special operations forces and special 
     operations-unique capabilities to meet such requirements, and 
     recommendations, if any, for modifications of such processes.
       (4) Any other matters the Assistant Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (c) Deadlines.--
       (1) Completion of review.--The review required by 
     subsection (a) shall be completed by not later than 270 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Report.--Not later than 30 days after completion of the 
     review, the Assistant Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the review, 
     including the findings and any recommendations of the 
     Assistant Secretary as a result of the review.

     SEC. 915. EXPANSION OF PRINCIPAL DUTIES OF ASSISTANT 
                   SECRETARY OF THE NAVY FOR RESEARCH, 
                   DEVELOPMENT, AND ACQUISITION.

       Section 5016(b)(4)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``and acquisition matters'' and inserting 
     ``acquisition, and sustainment (including maintenance) 
     matters''.

     SEC. 916. QUALIFICATIONS FOR APPOINTMENT AS DEPUTY CHIEF 
                   MANAGEMENT OFFICER OF A MILITARY DEPARTMENT.

       (a) Department of the Army.--An individual may not be 
     appointed as Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of the Army unless the individual--
       (1) has significant experience in business operations or 
     management in the public sector; or
       (2) has significant experience managing an enterprise in 
     the private sector.
       (b) Department of the Navy.--An individual may not be 
     appointed as Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of the Navy unless the individual--
       (1) has significant experience in business operations or 
     management in the public sector; or
       (2) has significant experience managing an enterprise in 
     the private sector.
       (c) Department of the Air Force.--An individual may not be 
     appointed as Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of the Air Force unless the individual--
       (1) has significant experience in business operations or 
     management in the public sector; or
       (2) has significant experience managing an enterprise in 
     the private sector.

     SEC. 917. DEADLINE FOR COMPLETION OF FULL IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                   REQUIREMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH ORGANIZATION OF 
                   THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR MANAGEMENT OF 
                   SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES AND SPECIAL 
                   OPERATIONS.

       The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
     implementation of section 922 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2354) and the amendments made by that section is 
     fully complete by not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 918. CROSS-FUNCTIONAL TEAMS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Cross-functional Team on Electronic Warfare.--
       (1) In general.--Among the cross-functional teams 
     established by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to 
     subsection (c) of section 911 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2345; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) in support of the 
     organizational strategy for the Department of Defense 
     required by subsection (a) of that section, the Secretary 
     shall establish a cross-functional team on electronic 
     warfare.
       (2) Establishment and activities.--The cross-functional 
     team established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be 
     established in accordance with subsection (c) of section 911 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017, and shall be governed in its activities in accordance 
     with the provisions of such subsection (c).
       (3) Deadline for establishment.--The cross-functional team 
     required by paragraph (1) shall be established by not later 
     than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Additional Cross-functional Teams Matters.--
       (1) Criteria for distinguishing among cross-functional 
     teams.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue criteria 
     that distinguish cross-functional teams under section 911 of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     from other types of cross-functional working groups, 
     committees, integrated product teams, and task forces of the 
     Department.
       (2) Primary responsibility for implementation of teams.--
     The Deputy Secretary of Defense shall establish or designate 
     an office within the Department that shall have primary 
     responsibility for implementing section 911 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.

     SEC. 919. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF THE CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, 
                   AND RADIOLOGICAL DEFENSE DIVISION OF THE NAVY.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     includes the following:
       (1) A detailed timeline for the proposed transfer of the 
     Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Defense Division of 
     the Navy from Virginia to another location.
       (2) A full accounting of the costs associated with the 
     proposed transfer, including--
       (A) all personnel costs;
       (B) all equipment costs; and
       (C) all facility renovation costs for the existing 
     facilities of the Division and the facilities to which the 
     Division is proposed to be transferred.
       (3) A risk assessment of the operational impact of the 
     transfer during the transition period.
       (4) An explanation of the operational benefit expected to 
     be achieved by collocating all Chemical, Biological, and 
     Radiological elements of the Department of the Navy.
       (b) Limitation.--The Secretary may not transfer, or prepare 
     to transfer, the Chemical, Biological, and Radiological 
     Defense Division of the Navy from Dahlgren, Virginia, to 
     another location until a period of 45 days has elapsed 
     following the date on which the report is submitted to the 
     congressional defense committees under subsection (a).

  Subtitle C--Comprehensive Pentagon Bureaucracy Reform and Reduction

     SEC. 921. AUTHORITIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CHIEF 
                   MANAGEMENT OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Authorities and Responsibilities.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of section 132a of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(7) Serving as the official with principal responsibility 
     in the Department for minimizing the duplication of efforts, 
     maximizing efficiency and effectiveness, and establishing 
     metrics for performance among and for all organizations and 
     elements of the Department.''.
       (2) Budget authority.--
       (A) In general.--Such section is further amended--
       (i) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (d) and (e), respectively; and
       (ii) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Budget Authority.--(1)(A) Beginning in fiscal year 
     2020, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
     Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), shall require the head of 
     each Defense Agency and Department of Defense Field Activity 
     specified by the Secretary for purposes of this subsection to 
     transmit the proposed budget of such Agency or Activity for 
     enterprise business operations for a fiscal year, and for the 
     period covered by the future-years defense program submitted 
     to Congress under section 221 of this title for that fiscal 
     year, to the Chief Management Officer for review under 
     subparagraph (B) at the same time the proposed budget is 
     submitted to the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller). 
       ``(B) The Chief Management Officer shall review each 
     proposed budget transmitted under subparagraph (A) and, not 
     later than January 31 of the year preceding the fiscal year 
     for which the budget is proposed, shall submit to the 
     Secretary a report containing the comments of the Chief 
     Management Officer with respect to all such proposed budgets, 
     together with the certification of the Chief Management 
     Officer regarding whether each such proposed budget achieves 
     the required level of efficiency and effectiveness for 
     enterprise business operations, consistent with guidance for 
     budget review established by the Chief Management Officer.
       ``(C) Not later than March 31 each year, the Secretary 
     shall submit to Congress a report that includes the 
     following:
       ``(i) Each proposed budget for the enterprise business 
     operations of a Defense Agency or Department of Defense Field 
     Activity that was transmitted to the Chief Management Officer 
     under subparagraph (A).
       ``(ii) Identification of each proposed budget contained in 
     the most recent report submitted under subparagraph (B) that 
     the Chief Management Officer did not certify as achieving the 
     required level of efficiency and effectiveness for enterprise 
     business operations.
       ``(iii) A discussion of the actions that the Secretary 
     proposes to take, together with any recommended legislation 
     that the Secretary considers appropriate, to address 
     inadequate levels of efficiency and effectiveness for 
     enterprise business operations achieved by the proposed 
     budgets identified in the report.
       ``(iv) Any additional comments that the Secretary considers 
     appropriate regarding inadequate levels of efficiency and 
     effectiveness for enterprise business operations achieved by 
     the proposed budgets.
       ``(2) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to 
     modify or interfere with the budget-related responsibilities 
     of the Director of National Intelligence.''.
       (B) Execution of authority.--In order to execute the 
     authority in subsection (c) of section 132a of title 10, 
     United States Code (as amended by subparagraph (A)), the 
     Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense shall 
     do the following:
       (i) By April 1, 2019, develop an assessment of cost and 
     expertise requirements to execute such authority.
       (ii) By September 1, 2019, develop guidance for Defense 
     Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities to 
     delineate spending on enterprise business operations and 
     develop a process to determine the adequacy of their budgets 
     for such operations.
       (b) Reform of Business Enterprise Operations in Support of 
     Certain Activities Across Department of Defense.--
       (1) Periodic reform.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2020, and not 
     less frequently than once every five years thereafter, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall, acting through the Chief 
     Management Officer of the Department of Defense, reform 
     enterprise business operations of the Department

[[Page H6734]]

     of Defense, through reductions, eliminations, or 
     improvements, across all organizations and elements of the 
     Department with respect to covered activities in order to 
     increase effectiveness and efficiency of mission execution.
       (B) CMO reports.--Not later than January 1 of every fifth 
     calendar year beginning with January 1, 2025, the Chief 
     Management Officer shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report that describes the activities carried out 
     by the Chief Management Officer under this subsection during 
     the preceding five years, including an estimate of any cost 
     savings achieved as a result of such activities.
       (2) Covered activities defined.--In this subsection, the 
     term ``covered activities'' means any activity relating to 
     civilian resources management, logistics management, services 
     contracting, or real estate management.
       (3) Reporting framework.--Not later than January 1, 2020, 
     the Chief Management Officer shall establish a consistent 
     reporting framework to establish a baseline for the costs to 
     perform all covered activities, and shall submit to Congress 
     a report that, for each individual covered activity performed 
     in fiscal year 2019, identifies the following:
       (A) The component or components of the Department 
     responsible for performing such activity, and a business 
     process map of such activity, in fiscal year 2019.
       (B) The number of the military, civilian, and contractor 
     personnel of the component or components of the Department 
     who performed such activity in that fiscal year.
       (C) The manpower requirements for such activity as of that 
     fiscal year.
       (D) The systems and other resources associated with such 
     activity as of that fiscal year.
       (E) The cost in dollars of performing such activity in 
     fiscal year 2019.
       (4) Initial plan.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
     Chief Management Officer shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a plan, schedule, and cost estimate for 
     conducting the reforms required under paragraph (1)(A).
       (5) Certification of cost savings.--Not later than January 
     1, 2020, the Chief Management Officer shall certify to the 
     congressional defense committees that the savings and costs 
     incurred as a result of activities carried out under 
     paragraph (1) will achieve savings in fiscal year 2020 
     against the total amount obligated and expended for covered 
     activities in fiscal year 2019 of--
       (A) not less than 25 percent of the cost in dollars of 
     performing covered activities in fiscal year 2019 as 
     specified pursuant to paragraph (3)(E); or
       (B) if the Chief Management Officer determines that 
     achievement of savings of 25 percent or more will create 
     overall inefficiencies for the Department, notice and 
     justification will be submitted to the congressional defense 
     committees specifying a lesser percentage of savings that the 
     Chief Management Officer determines to be necessary to 
     achieve efficiencies in the delivery of covered activities, 
     which notice and justification shall be submitted by not 
     later than October 1, 2019, together with a description of 
     the efficiencies to be achieved.
       (6) Comptroller general reports.--The Comptroller General 
     of the United States shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees the following:
       (A) Not later than 90 days after the submittal of the plan 
     under paragraph (4), a report that verifies whether the plan 
     is feasible.
       (B) Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of 
     this Act, a report setting forth an assessment of the actions 
     taken under paragraph (1)(A) since the date of the enactment 
     of this Act.
       (C) Not later than 270 days after the submittal of the 
     reporting framework under paragraph (3), a report that 
     verifies whether the baseline established in the framework is 
     accurate.
       (D) Not later than 270 days after the submittal of the 
     report under paragraph (5), a report that verifies--
       (i) whether the activities described in the report were 
     carried out; and
       (ii) whether any cost savings estimated in the report are 
     accurate.

     SEC. 922. ANALYSIS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUSINESS 
                   MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS DATASETS TO PROMOTE 
                   SAVINGS AND EFFICIENCIES.

       (a) In General.--The Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of Defense shall develop a policy on analysis of 
     Department of Defense datasets on business management and 
     business operations by the public for purposes of accessing 
     data analysis capabilities that would promote savings and 
     efficiencies and otherwise enhance the utility of such 
     datasets to the Department.
       (b) Initial Discharge of Policy.--
       (1) In general.--The Chief Management Officer shall 
     commence the discharge of the policy required pursuant to 
     subsection (a) by--
       (A) identifying one or more matters--
       (i) that are of significance to the Department of Defense;
       (ii) that are currently unresolved; and
       (iii) whose resolution from a business management or 
     business operations dataset of the Department could benefit 
     from a method or technique of analysis not currently familiar 
     to the Department;
       (B) identifying between three and five business management 
     or business operations datasets of the Department not 
     currently available to the public whose evaluation could 
     result in novel data analysis solutions toward management or 
     operations problems of the Department identified by the Chief 
     Management Officer; and
       (C) encouraging, whether by competition or other 
     mechanisms, the evaluation of the datasets described in 
     subparagraph (B) by appropriate persons and entities in the 
     public or private sector (including academia).
       (2) Protection of security and confidentiality.--In 
     providing for the evaluation of datasets pursuant to this 
     subsection, the Chief Management Officer shall take 
     appropriate actions to protect the security and 
     confidentiality of any information contained in the datasets, 
     including through special precautions to ensure that any 
     personally identifiable information is not included and no 
     release of information will adversely affect national 
     security missions.

     SEC. 923. PERIODIC REVIEW OF THE DEFENSE AGENCIES AND 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FIELD ACTIVITIES BY THE 
                   CHIEF MANAGEMENT OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Periodic Review.--Subsection (c) of section 192 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (2) by inserting before paragraph (3), as so redesignated, 
     the following new paragraphs:
       ``(1)(A) Not later than January 1, 2020, and periodically 
     (but not less frequently than every four years) thereafter, 
     the Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense 
     shall conduct a review of the efficiency and effectiveness of 
     each Defense Agency and Department of Defense Field Activity. 
     Each review shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be 
     conducted in coordination with other ongoing efforts in 
     connection with business enterprise reform.
       ``(B) As part of each review under this paragraph, the 
     Chief Management Officer shall identify each activity of an 
     Agency or Activity that is substantially similar to, or 
     duplicative of, an activity carried out by another 
     organization or element of the Department of Defense, or is 
     not being performed to an adequate level to meet Department 
     needs.
       ``(C) For purposes of conducting reviews under this 
     paragraph, the Chief Management Officer shall develop 
     internal guidance that defines requirements for such reviews 
     and provides clear direction for conducting and recording the 
     results of reviews.
       ``(2)(A) Not later than 90 days after the completion of a 
     review under paragraph (1), the Chief Management Officer 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     that sets forth the results of the review.
       ``(B) The report on a review under this paragraph shall, 
     based on the results of the review, include the following:
       ``(i) A list of each Defense Agency and Department of 
     Defense Field Activity that the Chief Management Officer has 
     determined--
       ``(I) operates efficiently and effectively; and
       ``(II) does not carry out any function that is 
     substantially similar to, or duplicative of, a function 
     carried out by another organization or element of the 
     Department of Defense.
       ``(ii) With respect to each Agency or Activity not included 
     on the list under clause (i), a plan, aimed at better meeting 
     Department needs, for--
       ``(I) rationalizing the functions within such Agency or 
     Activity; or
       ``(II) transferring some or all of the functions of such 
     Agency or Activity to another organization or element of the 
     Department.
       ``(iii) Recommendations for functions, if any, currently 
     conducted separately by the military departments that should 
     be consolidated into an Agency or Activity.''.
       (b) Repeal of Special Rule for Defense Business 
     Transformation Agency.--Such section is further amended by 
     striking subsection (e).
       (c) Limitation on Termination.--Such section is further 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subsection 
     (e):
       ``(e) Limitation on Termination.--The Secretary of Defense 
     may not terminate a Defense Agency or Department of Defense 
     Field Activity until 30 days after the date on which the 
     Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees a 
     report setting forth the following:
       ``(1) Notice of the intent of the Secretary to terminate 
     the Agency or Activity.
       ``(2) Such recommendations for legislative action as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate in connection with the 
     termination of the Agency or Activity.''.

     SEC. 924. ACTIONS TO INCREASE THE EFFICIENCY AND TRANSPARENCY 
                   OF THE DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY.

       (a) System and Capability.--Not later than January 1, 2020, 
     the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency and the Chief 
     Management Officer of the Department of Defense shall 
     jointly, in consultation with the customers served by the 
     Agency, develop and implement--
       (1) a comprehensive system that enables customers of the 
     Agency to view--
       (A) the inventory of items and materials available to 
     customers from the Agency; and
       (B) the delivery status of items and materials that are in 
     transit to customers; and
       (2) a predictive analytics capability designed to increase 
     the efficiency of the system described in paragraph (1) by 
     identifying emerging customer needs with respect to items and 
     materials supplied by the Agency, including any emerging 
     needs arising from the use of new weapon systems by 
     customers.
       (b) Actions to Increase Efficiency.--Not later than January 
     1, 2020, the Director and the Chief Management Officer shall 
     jointly--
       (1) develop a plan to reduce the rates charged by the 
     Agency to customers, in aggregate--
       (A) by not less than 10 percent; or
       (B) if the Chief Management Officer determines that a 
     reduction of rates in aggregate of 10 percent or more will 
     create overall inefficiencies for the Department, by such 
     percentage less than 10 percent as the Chief Management 
     Officer considers appropriate to avoid such inefficiencies, 
     but only after notifying the congressional defense committees 
     of such lesser percentage in reduction of rates pursuant to 
     this subparagraph;

[[Page H6735]]

       (2) eliminate the duplication of services within the 
     Agency; and
       (3) establish specific goals and metrics to ensure that the 
     Agency is fulfilling its mission of providing items and 
     materials to customers with sufficient speed and in 
     sufficient quantities to ensure the lethality and readiness 
     of warfighters.
       (c) Plan Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
     Director and the Chief Management Officer shall jointly 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a plan that 
     describes how the Director and the Chief Management Officer 
     will achieve compliance with the requirements of subsections 
     (a) and (b).

     SEC. 925. REVIEW OF FUNCTIONS OF DEFENSE CONTRACT AUDIT 
                   AGENCY AND DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT AGENCY.

       (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting through 
     the Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, 
     direct the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment and the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) 
     to conduct a joint review of the functions of the Defense 
     Contract Audit Agency and the Defense Contract Management 
     Agency. The review shall include the following:
       (1) A validation of the missions and functions of each 
     Agency.
       (2) An assessment of the effectiveness of each Agency in 
     performing designated functions, including identification and 
     analysis of qualitative and quantitative metrics of 
     performance.
       (3) An assessment of the adequacy of the resources, 
     authorities, workforce training, and size of each Agency to 
     perform designated functions.
       (4) An assessment of cost savings or avoidance attributable 
     to the conduct of the activities of each Agency.
       (5) A determination whether functions performed by either 
     Agency could be performed more appropriately and effectively 
     by any combination of the following:
       (A) The other Agency.
       (B) Any other organization or element of the Department of 
     Defense, including the military departments.
       (C) Commercial providers.
       (6) A validation of the continued need for two separate 
     Agencies with oversight for defense contracting.
       (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report that sets forth the results of the review conducted 
     under subsection (a).

     SEC. 926. REVIEW AND IMPROVEMENT OF THE OPERATIONS OF THE 
                   DEFENSE FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING SERVICE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Chief 
     Management Officer of the Department of Defense and the Under 
     Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall conduct a joint 
     review of the activities of the Defense Finance and 
     Accounting Service. The review shall include the following:
       (1) A validation of the missions and functions of the 
     Service.
       (2) An assessment of the effectiveness of the Service in 
     performing designated functions, including identification and 
     analysis of qualitative and quantitative metrics of 
     performance.
       (3) An assessment of the resources, authorities, workforce 
     training, and size of the Service to perform designated 
     functions.
       (4) An assessment of changes required to the mission and 
     activities of the Service based on the availability and 
     application of current and potential future information 
     technology capabilities.
       (5) A determination whether any functions currently 
     performed by the Service could be performed more 
     appropriately and effectively by any combination of the 
     following:
       (A) Any other organization or element of the Department of 
     Defense, including the military departments.
       (B) Commercial providers.
       (6) A determination whether any functions currently 
     performed by other organizations or elements of the 
     Department could be consolidated within the Service in order 
     to promote effectiveness and reduce duplicative effort.
       (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report setting forth the results of the review conducted 
     under subsection (a).

     SEC. 927. ASSESSMENT OF CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER FUNCTIONS 
                   IN CONNECTION WITH TRANSITION TO ENTERPRISE-
                   WIDE MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND 
                   COMPUTING.

       (a) Assessment Required.--The Chief Information Officer of 
     the Department of Defense shall, in conjunction with the 
     Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, 
     conduct an assessment of chief information officer functions 
     in the Department of Defense with a view toward the 
     rationalization of such functions across the Defense Agencies 
     and Department of Defense Field Activities in a manner 
     consistent with the plans of the Department for a transition 
     to enterprise-wide management of information technology (IT) 
     networks and computing.
       (b) Elements.--The assessment conducted pursuant to 
     subsection (a) shall result in the following:
       (1) A determination of the number, duties and 
     responsibilities, and grades of personnel performing 
     management and oversight of information technology 
     activities.
       (2) Recommendations for the role the Chief Information 
     Officer in managing the information technology workforce in 
     the Office of the Secretary of Defense, and for selecting and 
     approving personnel for the information technology workforces 
     of the military departments, Defense Agencies, and Department 
     of Defense Field Activities.
       (c) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
     Chief Information Officer and the Chief Management Officer 
     shall jointly submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report that sets forth a description of the results of the 
     assessment conducted pursuant to subsection (a), including a 
     description of any actions proposed as a result of the 
     assessment to achieve enterprise-wide efficiencies in the 
     management of information technology networks and computing.
       (d) Plan Required.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the 
     Chief Information Officer and the Chief Management Officer 
     shall jointly submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report setting forth a plan to carry out the proposed 
     actions described in subsection (c).

     SEC. 928. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                   CROSS-ENTERPRISE ACTIVITIES OF THE INSPECTORS 
                   GENERAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of 
     the United States shall submit to Congress a report on cross-
     enterprise activities of the Inspectors General of the 
     organizations and elements of the Department of Defense, 
     including public affairs, human resources, services 
     contracting, other contracting, and any other cross-
     enterprise activities of the Inspectors General the 
     Comptroller General considers appropriate for purposes of the 
     report.
       (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
     identify with respect to the activities referred to in that 
     subsection the following:
       (1) Opportunities to maximize efficiency.
       (2) Opportunities to minimize duplication of effort, 
     including through reduction or elimination of duplicative 
     functions.
       (3) Any other matters the Comptroller General considers 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 929. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

       (a) Consolidated Report.--The plans and reports required to 
     be submitted to the congressional defense committees under 
     this subtitle on or before March 1, 2020, may be combined and 
     submitted in the form of a single, consolidated document.
       (b) Definitions.--In this subtitle, the terms ``Defense 
     Agency'', ``Department of Defense Field Activity'', and 
     ``military departments'' have the meanings given the terms in 
     section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code.

  Subtitle D--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                Matters

     SEC. 931. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR MAJOR 
                   HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Certification on Average Amounts Expended on Major 
     Headquarters Activities.--Not later than February 1, 2019, 
     the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report that certifies 
     each of the following percentages in connection with amounts 
     expended on major headquarters activities:
       (1) The average percentage of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for the Department of Defense per fiscal year, 
     during the 10 fiscal years ending with fiscal year 2018, that 
     has been expended on major headquarters activities.
       (2) The average percentage of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for the Department of Defense per fiscal year, 
     during the 10 fiscal years ending with fiscal year 2018, that 
     has been expended on major headquarters activities of the 
     Office of the Secretary of Defense.
       (3) The average percentage of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for each military department per fiscal year, 
     during the 10 fiscal years ending with fiscal year 2018, that 
     has been expended on major headquarters activities of such 
     military department.
       (4) The average percentage of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for the Department of Defense per fiscal year, 
     during the 10 fiscal years ending with fiscal year 2018, and 
     available for the combatant commands that has been spent on 
     major headquarters activities of the combatant commands.
       (b) Overall Limitation.--In fiscal year 2021, the aggregate 
     amount that may be obligated and expended on major 
     headquarters activities may not exceed an amount equal to the 
     percentage specified in subsection (a)(1) of the amount 
     authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense 
     for that fiscal year.
       (c) Limitation for Particular Activities.--Within the 
     amount available for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to subsection 
     (b), amounts shall be available as follows:
       (1) For major headquarters activities of the Office of the 
     Secretary of Defense, not more than an amount equal to the 
     percentage specified in subsection (a)(2) of the amount 
     authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense 
     for fiscal year 2021.
       (2) For major headquarters activities of each military 
     department, not more than an amount equal to the percentage 
     specified in subsection (a)(3) with respect to such military 
     department of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
     such military department for fiscal year 2021.
       (3) For major headquarters activities of the combatant 
     commands, not more than an amount equal to the percentage 
     specified in subsection (a)(4) of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
     2021 and available for the combatant commands.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``major headquarters activities'' has the 
     meaning given the term ``major Department of Defense 
     headquarters activities'' in section 346(b)(3) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 
     U.S.C. 111 note).
       (2) The term ``major headquarters activities of a military 
     department'' means the following:
       (A) In the case of the Army, the Office of the Secretary of 
     the Army and the Army Staff.

[[Page H6736]]

       (B) In the case of the Navy, the Office of the Secretary of 
     the Navy, the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, and 
     Headquarters, Marine Corps.
       (C) In the case of the Air Force, the Office of the 
     Secretary of the Air Force and the Air Staff.
       (3) The term ``Office of the Secretary of Defense'' 
     includes the Joint Staff.

     SEC. 932. JOHN S. MCCAIN STRATEGIC DEFENSE FELLOWS PROGRAM.

       (a) Fellowship Program.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish within the Department of Defense a civilian 
     fellowship program designed to provide leadership development 
     and the commencement of a career track toward senior 
     leadership in the Department.
       (2) Designation.--The fellowship program shall be known as 
     the ``John S. McCain Strategic Defense Fellows Program'' (in 
     this section referred to as the ``fellows program'').
       (b) Eligibility.--An individual is eligible for 
     participation in the fellows program if the individual--
       (1) is a citizen of the United States or a lawful permanent 
     resident of the United States in the year in which the 
     individual applies for participation in the fellows program; 
     and
       (2) either--
       (A) possesses a graduate degree from an accredited 
     institution of higher education in the United States that was 
     awarded not later than two years before the date of the 
     acceptance of the individual into the fellows program; or
       (B) will be awarded a graduate degree from an accredited 
     institution of higher education in the United States not 
     later than six months after the date of the acceptance of the 
     individual into the fellows program.
       (c) Application.--
       (1) Application required.--Each individual seeking to 
     participate in the fellows program shall submit to the 
     Secretary of Defense an application therefor at such time and 
     in such manner as the Secretary shall specify.
       (2) Elements.--Each application of an individual under this 
     subsection shall include the following:
       (A) Transcripts of educational achievement at the 
     undergraduate and graduate level.
       (B) A resume.
       (C) Proof of citizenship or lawful permanent residence.
       (D) An endorsement from the applicant's graduate 
     institution of higher education.
       (E) An academic writing sample.
       (F) Letters of recommendation addressing the applicant's 
     character, academic ability, and any extracurricular 
     activities.
       (G) A personal statement by the applicant explaining career 
     areas of interest and motivations for service in the 
     Department.
       (H) Such other information as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (d) Selection.--
       (1) In general.--Each year, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     select participants in the fellows program from among 
     applicants for the fellows program for such year who qualify 
     for participation in the fellows program based on character, 
     commitment to public service, academic achievement, 
     extracurricular activities, and such other qualifications for 
     participation in the fellows program as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (2) Number.--The number of individuals selected to 
     participate in the fellows program in any year may not exceed 
     the numbers as follows:
       (A) Ten individuals from each geographic region of the 
     United States as follows:
       (i) The Northeast.
       (ii) The Southeast.
       (iii) The Midwest.
       (iv) The Southwest.
       (v) The West.
       (B) Ten additional individuals.
       (3) Background investigation.--An individual selected to 
     participate in the fellows program may not participate in the 
     program unless the individual successfully undergoes a 
     background investigation applicable to the position to which 
     the individual will be assigned under the fellows program and 
     otherwise meets such requirements applicable to assignment to 
     a sensitive position within the Department that the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (e) Assignment.--
       (1) In general.--Each individual who participates in the 
     fellows program shall be assigned to a position in one of the 
     following:
       (A) The Office of the Secretary of Defense.
       (B) An office of the Secretary of a military department.
       (2) Position requirements.--Each Secretary of a military 
     department, and each Under Secretary of Defense and Director 
     of a Defense Agency who reports directly to the Secretary of 
     Defense, shall submit to the Secretary of Defense each year 
     the qualifications and skills to be demonstrated by 
     participants in the fellows program to qualify for assignment 
     under this subsection for service in a position of the office 
     of such Secretary, Under Secretary, or Director.
       (3) Assignment to positions.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall each year assign participants in the fellows program to 
     positions in the offices of the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, and the offices of the Under Secretaries and 
     Directors described in paragraph (2). In making such 
     assignments, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to best 
     match the qualifications and skills of participants in the 
     fellows program with the requirements of positions available 
     for assignment. Each participant so assigned shall serve as a 
     special assistant to the Secretary, Under Secretary, or 
     Director to whom assigned.
       (4) Limitation on number assignable to secretaries of 
     military departments.--The number of participants in the 
     fellows program who are assigned to the office of a Secretary 
     of a military department in any year may not exceed five 
     participants.
       (5) Term.--The term of each assignment under the fellows 
     program shall be one year.
       (6) Pay and benefits.--An individual assigned to a position 
     under the fellows program shall be compensated at the rate of 
     compensation for employees at level GS-10 of the General 
     Schedule, and shall be treated as an employee of the United 
     States during the term of assignment, including for purposes 
     of eligibility for health care benefits and retirement 
     benefits available to employees of the United States.
       (7) Education loan repayment.--To the extent that funds are 
     provided in advance in appropriations Acts, the Secretary of 
     Defense may repay any loan of a participant in the fellows 
     program if the loan is described by subparagraph (A), (B), or 
     (C) of section 16301(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code. 
     Any repayment of loans under this paragraph shall be on a 
     first-come, first-served basis.
       (f) Career Development.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
     participants in the fellows program--
       (A) receive opportunities and support appropriate for the 
     commencement of a career track within the Department leading 
     toward a future position of senior leadership within the 
     Department, including ongoing mentorship support through 
     appropriate personnel from entities within the Department 
     such as the Defense Business Board and the Defense Innovation 
     Board; and
       (B) are provided appropriate opportunities for employment 
     and advancement within the Department upon successful 
     completion of the fellows program, including, if appropriate, 
     opportunities to work at Department installations or Field 
     Activities for between 12 and 24 months.
       (2) Reservation of positions.--In carrying out paragraph 
     (1)(B), the Secretary shall reserve for participants who 
     successfully complete the fellows program not fewer than 30 
     positions in the excepted service within the Department that 
     are suitable for the commencement of a career track toward 
     senior leadership within the Department. Any position so 
     reserved shall not be subject to or covered by any reduction 
     in headquarters personnel required under any other provision 
     of law.
       (3) Noncompetitive appointment.--Upon the successful 
     completion of the assignment of a participant in the fellows 
     program in a position pursuant to subsection (e), the 
     Secretary may, without regard to the provisions of subchapter 
     I of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, appoint the 
     participant to a position reserved pursuant to paragraph (2) 
     if the Secretary determines that such appointment will 
     contribute to the development of highly qualified future 
     senior leaders for the Department.
       (4) Publication of selection.--The Secretary shall publish 
     on an Internet website of the Department available to the 
     public the names of the individuals selected to participate 
     in the fellows program.
       (g) Outreach.--The Secretary of Defense shall undertake 
     appropriate outreach to inform potential participants in the 
     fellows program of the nature and benefits of participation 
     in the fellows program.
       (h) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
     this section in accordance with such regulations as the 
     Secretary may prescribe for purposes of this section.
       (i) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     for each fiscal year for the Department of Defense for 
     operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, $10,000,000 may be 
     available to carry out the fellows program in such fiscal 
     year.

     SEC. 933. PERFORMANCE OF CIVILIAN FUNCTIONS BY MILITARY 
                   PERSONNEL.

       Section 129a(g)(1)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``, including a permanent conversion'' 
     and all that follows through the semicolon and inserting ``is 
     cost-effective, taking into account the fully-burdened costs 
     of the civilian, military, and contractor workforces, 
     including the impact of the performance of such functions on 
     military career progression or when required by military 
     necessity;''.

     SEC. 934. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF REQUIREMENTS ON 
                   ESTIMATION AND COMPARISON OF COSTS OF CIVILIAN 
                   AND MILITARY MANPOWER AND CONTRACT SUPPORT FOR 
                   THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the implementation of Department of Defense Instruction 
     7041.04. The report shall include an assessment whether the 
     Department of Defense is properly using civilian personnel in 
     its workforce in the most cost-efficient manner when compared 
     to its use of military and contractor personnel in its 
     workforce.

     SEC. 935. REVIEW OF FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES AND 
                   ANALYSIS OF FOREIGN CURRENCY FLUCTUATIONS, 
                   DEFENSE APPROPRIATION.

       (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense 
     (Comptroller) shall, in coordination with the Comptrollers of 
     the military departments, conduct a review of the exchange 
     rates for foreign currency used when making a disbursement 
     pursuant to any expenditure or expense made by the Department 
     of Defense in order to determine whether cost-savings could 
     be achieved through a more consistent selection of cost-
     effective rates in the making of such disbursements. The 
     review shall include an analysis of realized and projected 
     losses on foreign currency exchange in order to determine an 
     appropriate balance for the ``Foreign Currency Fluctuations, 
     Defense'' account.
       (b) Report.--Not later than January 31, 2019, the Under 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report setting forth

[[Page H6737]]

     a summary of the review conducted pursuant to subsection (a).

     SEC. 936. RESPONSIBILITY FOR POLICY ON CIVILIAN CASUALTY 
                   MATTERS.

       (a) Designation of Senior Civilian Official.--Not later 
     than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Policy shall designate a 
     senior civilian official of the Department of Defense within 
     the Office of the Secretary of Defense at or above the level 
     of Assistant Secretary of Defense to develop, coordinate, and 
     oversee compliance with the policy of the Department relating 
     to civilian casualties resulting from United States military 
     operations.
       (b) Responsibilities.--The senior civilian official 
     designated under subsection (a) shall ensure that the policy 
     referred to in that subsection provides for--
       (1) uniform processes and standards across the combatant 
     commands for accurately recording kinetic strikes by the 
     United States military;
       (2) the development and dissemination of best practices for 
     reducing the likelihood of civilian casualties from United 
     States military operations;
       (3) the development of publicly available means, including 
     an Internet-based mechanism, for the submittal to the United 
     States Government of allegations of civilian casualties 
     resulting from United States military operations;
       (4) uniform processes and standards across the combatant 
     commands for reviewing and investigating allegations of 
     civilian casualties resulting from United States military 
     operations, including the consideration of relevant 
     information from all available sources;
       (5) uniform processes and standards across the combatant 
     commands for--
       (A) acknowledging the responsibility of the United States 
     military for civilian casualties resulting from United States 
     military operations; and
       (B) offering ex gratia payments to civilians who have been 
     injured, or to the families of civilians killed, as a result 
     of United States military operations, as determined to be 
     necessary by the designated senior civilian official;
       (6) regular engagement with relevant intergovernmental and 
     nongovernmental organizations;
       (7) public affairs guidance with respect to matters 
     relating to civilian casualties alleged or confirmed to have 
     resulted from United States military operations; and
       (8) such other matters with respect to civilian casualties 
     resulting from United States military operations as the 
     designated senior civilian official considers appropriate.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the senior civilian official 
     designated under subsection (a) shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report that describes--
       (1) the policy developed by the senior civilian official 
     under that subsection; and
       (2) the efforts of the Department to implement such policy.

     SEC. 937. ADDITIONAL MATTERS IN CONNECTION WITH BACKGROUND 
                   AND SECURITY INVESTIGATIONS FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE PERSONNEL.

       Section 925(k)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) through (L) as 
     subparagraphs (I) through (M), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subparagraph (G) the following new 
     subparagraph (H):
       ``(H) The number of denials or revocations of a security 
     clearance by each authorized adjudicative agency that 
     occurred separately from a periodic reinvestigation.''.

     SEC. 938. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TO ADVANCE CAPABILITIES OF 
                   THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IN DATA INTEGRATION 
                   AND ADVANCED ANALYTICS IN CONNECTION WITH 
                   PERSONNEL SECURITY.

       (a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Intelligence shall develop a plan on research and development 
     activities to advance the capabilities of the Department of 
     Defense in data integration and advanced analytics in 
     connection with personnel security activities of the 
     Department. The plan shall, to the extent practicable, 
     provide for the leveraging of the capabilities of other 
     government entities, institutions of higher education, and 
     private sector entities with advanced, leading-edge expertise 
     in data integration and analytics applicable to the 
     challenges faced by the Department in connection with 
     personnel security.
       (b) Coordination.--Any activities under the plan may be 
     carried out in coordination with the Defense Digital Service 
     and the Defense Innovation Board.
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall provide 
     to the appropriate committees of Congress a briefing on the 
     plan.
       (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Appropriations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of 
     the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
     Intelligence of the House of Representatives.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

     SEC. 941. TRUSTED INFORMATION PROVIDER PROGRAM FOR NATIONAL 
                   SECURITY POSITIONS AND POSITIONS OF TRUST.

       (a) Program Required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Security Executive 
     Agent and the Suitability/Credentialing Executive Agent shall 
     establish and implement a program (to be known as the 
     ``Trusted Information Provider Program'') to share between 
     and among agencies of the Federal Government and industry 
     partners of the Federal Government relevant background 
     information regarding individuals applying for and currently 
     occupying national security positions and positions of trust, 
     in order to ensure the Federal Government maintains a trusted 
     workforce.
       (b) Privacy Safeguards.--The Security Executive Agent and 
     the Suitability/Credentialing Executive Agent shall ensure 
     that the program required by subsection (a) includes such 
     safeguards for privacy as the Security Executive Agent and 
     the Suitability/Credentialing Executive Agent consider 
     appropriate.
       (c) Provision of Information to the Federal Government.--
     The program required by subsection (a) shall include 
     requirements that enable Investigative Service Providers and 
     agencies of the Federal Government to leverage certain pre-
     employment information gathered during the employment or 
     military recruiting process, and other relevant security or 
     human resources information obtained during employment with 
     or for the Federal Government, that satisfy Federal 
     investigative standards, while safeguarding personnel 
     privacy.
       (d) Information and Records.--The information and records 
     considered under the program required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) Date and place of birth.
       (2) Citizenship or immigration and naturalization 
     information.
       (3) Education records.
       (4) Employment records.
       (5) Employment or social references.
       (6) Military service records.
       (7) State and local law enforcement checks,
       (8) Criminal history checks.
       (9) Financial records or information.
       (10) Foreign travel, relatives or associations.
       (11) Social media checks.
       (12) Any other information or records relevant to obtaining 
     or maintaining national security, suitability, fitness, or 
     credentialing eligibility.
       (e) Implementation Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Security Executive Agent and 
     the Suitability/Credentialing Executive Agent shall jointly 
     submit to Congress a plan for the implementation of the 
     program required by subsection (a).
       (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) Mechanisms that address privacy, national security, 
     suitability or fitness, credentialing, and human resources or 
     military recruitment processes.
       (B) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Security Executive Agent and the Suitability/
     Credentialing Executive Agent consider appropriate to carry 
     out or improve the program.
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``Security Executive Agent'' means the 
     Director of National Intelligence acting as the Security 
     Executive Agent in accordance with Executive Order 13467 (73 
     Fed. Reg. 38103; 50 U.S.C. 3161 note).
       (2) The term ``Suitability/Credentialing Executive Agent'' 
     means the Director of the Office of Personnel Management 
     acting as the Suitability/Credentialing Executive Agent in 
     accordance with Executive Order 13467.

     SEC. 942. REPORT ON EXPEDITED PROCESSING OF SECURITY 
                   CLEARANCES FOR MISSION-CRITICAL POSITIONS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Security Executive Agent shall 
     submit to Congress a report on the feasibility and 
     advisability of, and existing barriers to, programs for 
     expedited processing of security clearances for mission-
     critical positions, whether filled by Government or contract 
     employees.
       (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) Recommendations for the establishment by Government 
     agencies of programs designed to prioritize processing of 
     security clearances among their Government and contract 
     employees seeking security clearances.
       (2) Proposed timeliness for the implementation of programs 
     recommended pursuant to paragraph (1).
       (3) Recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     actions to enable and improve programs of Government agencies 
     for the expedited processing of security clearances for 
     mission-critical positions.
       (c) Security Executive Agent Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``Security Executive Agent'' means the Director of 
     National Intelligence acting as the Security Executive Agent 
     in accordance with Executive Order 13467 (73 Fed. Reg. 38103; 
     50 U.S.C. 3161 note).

     SEC. 943. REPORT ON CLEARANCE IN PERSON CONCEPT.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Security Executive Agent 
     shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
     report on the requirements, feasibility, and advisability of 
     implementing a clearance in person concept as described in 
     subsection (b) for maintaining access to classified 
     information.
       (b) Clearance in Person Concept.--
       (1) In general.--Implementation of a clearance in person 
     concept as described in this subsection would permit an 
     individual who has been granted a national security clearance 
     to maintain eligibility for access to classified information, 
     networks, and facilities after the individual has separated 
     from service to the Federal Government or transferred to a 
     position that no longer requires access to classified 
     information.

[[Page H6738]]

       (2) Recognition as current.--The concept described in 
     paragraph (1) would also ensure that, unless otherwise 
     directed by the Security Executive Agent, the individual's 
     security clearance would be recognized as current, regardless 
     of employment status, with no further need for investigation 
     or revalidation until the individual obtains a position 
     requiring access to classified information.
       (c) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     address the following:
       (1) Requirements for continuous vetting.
       (2) Appropriate safeguards for privacy.
       (3) An appropriate funding model.
       (4) Fairness to small business concerns and independent 
     contractors.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Appropriations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of 
     the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
     Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
       (2) The term ``Security Executive Agent'' means the 
     Director of National Intelligence acting as the Security 
     Executive Agent in accordance with Executive Order 13467 (73 
     Fed. Reg. 38103; 50 U.S.C. 3161 note).

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Expertise in audit remediation.
Sec. 1003. Authority to transfer funds to Director of National 
              Intelligence for CAPNET.
Sec. 1004. Audit of financial systems of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1005. Report on auditable financial statements.
Sec. 1006. Transparency of accounting firms used to support Department 
              of Defense audit.

                Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1011. Inclusion of operation and sustainment costs in annual naval 
              vessel construction plans.
Sec. 1012. Purchase of vessels using funds in National Defense Sealift 
              Fund.
Sec. 1013. Purchase of vessels built in foreign shipyards with funds in 
              National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1014. Date of listing of vessels as battle force ships in the 
              Naval Vessel Register and other fleet inventory measures.
Sec. 1015. Technical corrections and clarifications to chapter 633 of 
              title 10, United States Code, and other provisions of law 
              regarding naval vessels.
Sec. 1016. Dismantlement and disposal of nuclear-powered aircraft 
              carriers.
Sec. 1017. Limitation on use of funds for retirement of hospital ships.
Sec. 1018. Inclusion of aircraft carrier refueling overhaul budget 
              request in annual budget justification materials.
Sec. 1019. Business case analysis of Ready Reserve Force 
              recapitalization options.
Sec. 1020. Transfer of excess naval vessel to Bahrain.

                      Subtitle C--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Definition of sensitive military operation.
Sec. 1032. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
              relinquish control of United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
              individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify 
              facilities in the United States to house detainees 
              transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
              Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
              individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.

         Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Strategic guidance documents within the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 1042. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.
Sec. 1043. Coordinating United States response to malign foreign 
              influence operations and campaigns.
Sec. 1044. Clarification of reimbursable allowed costs of FAA memoranda 
              of agreement.
Sec. 1045. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.
Sec. 1046. Mitigation of operational risks posed to certain military 
              aircraft by automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast 
              equipment.
Sec. 1047. Limitation on availability of funds for unmanned surface 
              vehicles.
Sec. 1048. Pilot program for Department of Defense controlled 
              unclassified information in the hands of industry.
Sec. 1049. Critical technologies list.
Sec. 1050. Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry.
Sec. 1051. National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence.
Sec. 1052. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1053. Guidance on the electronic warfare mission area and joint 
              electromagnetic spectrum operations.

                    Subtitle E--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Annual reports by the Armed Forces on Out-Year Unconstrained 
              Total Munitions Requirements and Out-Year inventory 
              numbers.
Sec. 1062. Improvement of annual report on civilian casualties in 
              connection with United States military operations.
Sec. 1063. Report on capabilities and capacities of Armored Brigade 
              Combat Teams.
Sec. 1064. Activities and reporting relating to Department of Defense's 
              Cloud Initiative.
Sec. 1065. Limitation on use of funds for United States Special 
              Operations Command Global Messaging and Counter-Messaging 
              platform.
Sec. 1066. Comprehensive review of professionalism and ethics programs 
              for special operations forces.
Sec. 1067. Munitions assessments and future-years defense program 
              requirements.
Sec. 1068. Report on establishment of Army Futures Command.
Sec. 1069. Report on cyber-enabled information operations.
Sec. 1070. Report on unmanned aircraft in Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 1071. Report on an updated Arctic strategy.
Sec. 1072. Report on use and availability of military installations for 
              disaster response.
Sec. 1073. Report on Department of Defense participation in Export 
              Administration Regulations license application review 
              process.
Sec. 1074. Military aviation readiness review in support of the 
              National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 1075. Report on highest-priority roles and missions of the 
              Department of Defense and the Armed Forces.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Principal Advisor on Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction.
Sec. 1083. Modification of authority to transfer aircraft to other 
              departments for wildfire suppression purposes.
Sec. 1084. Improvement of database on emergency response capabilities.
Sec. 1085. Disclosure requirements for United States-based foreign 
              media outlets.
Sec. 1086. United States policy with respect to freedom of navigation 
              and overflight.
Sec. 1087. National Commission on Military Aviation Safety.
Sec. 1088. Sense of Congress regarding the international borders of the 
              United States.
Sec. 1089. Policy on response to juvenile-on-juvenile problematic 
              sexual behavior committed on military installations.
Sec. 1090. Recognition of America's veterans.
Sec. 1091. Prohibition of funds for Chinese language instruction 
              provided by a Confucius Institute.
Sec. 1092. Department of Defense engagement with certain nonprofit 
              entities in support of missions of deployed United States 
              personnel around the world.

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

     SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

       (a) Authority To Transfer Authorizations.--
       (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
     Defense that such action is necessary in the national 
     interest, the Secretary may transfer amounts of 
     authorizations made available to the Department of Defense in 
     this division for fiscal year 2019 between any such 
     authorizations for that fiscal year (or any subdivisions 
     thereof). Amounts of authorizations so transferred shall be 
     merged with and be available for the same purposes as the 
     authorization to which transferred.
       (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
     total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may 
     transfer under the authority of this section may not exceed 
     $4,500,000,000.
       (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
     authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military 
     personnel authorizations under title IV shall not be counted 
     toward the dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
       (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) 
     to transfer authorizations--
       (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
     have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
     transferred; and
       (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
     has been denied authorization by Congress.
       (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from 
     one account to another under the authority of this section 
     shall be deemed to increase the amount authorized for the 
     account to which the amount is transferred by an amount equal 
     to the amount transferred.
       (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly 
     notify Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).

     SEC. 1002. EXPERTISE IN AUDIT REMEDIATION.

       (a) Technical Corrections.--
       (1) Elimination of duplicative section numbers.--
       (A) In general.--Chapter 9A of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by redesignating sections 251 through 254b 
     as sections 240a through 240f, respectively.

[[Page H6739]]

       (B) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by striking the items 
     relating to sections 251 through 254b and inserting the 
     following new items:

``240a. Audit of Department of Defense financial statements.
``240b. Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan.
``240c. Audit: consolidated corrective action plan; centralized 
              reporting system.
``240d. Audits: audit of financial statements of Department of Defense 
              components by independent external auditors.
``240e. Audits: use of commercial data integration and analysis 
              products in preparing audits.
``240f. Audits: selection of service providers for audit services.''.
       (2) Other technical correction.--Section 240b of title 10, 
     United States Code, as redesignated by paragraph (1), is 
     amended in subsection (a)(2) by redesignating the second 
     clause (iii) and clause (iv) as clauses (iv) and (v), 
     respectively.
       (b) Additional Requirements for Semiannual Briefing on the 
     Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan.--Paragraph 
     (2) of subsection (b) of section 240b of title 10, United 
     States Code, as redesignated by subsection (a), is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Such briefing 
     shall include both the absolute number and percentage of 
     personnel performing the amount of auditing or audit 
     remediation services being performed by professionals meeting 
     the qualifications described in section 240d(b) of this 
     title.''.
       (c) Additional Reporting Requirements.--Paragraph (1) of 
     such subsection is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B), by adding at the end the following 
     new clauses:
       ``(vii) If less than 50 percent of the auditing services or 
     if less than 50 percent of the audit remediation services 
     under contract, as described in the briefing required under 
     paragraph (2), are being performed by professionals meeting 
     the qualifications described in section 240d(b) of this 
     title, a detailed description of the risks associated with 
     the risks of the acquisition strategy of the Department with 
     respect to conducting audits and audit remediation activities 
     and an explanation of how the strategy complies with the 
     policies expressed by Congress.
       ``(viii) If less than 25 percent of the auditing services 
     or if less than 25 percent of the audit remediation services 
     under contract, as described in the briefing required under 
     paragraph (2), are being performed by professionals meeting 
     the qualifications described in section 240d(b) of this 
     title, a written certification that the staffing ratio 
     complies with commercial best practices and presents no 
     increased risk of delay in the Department's ability to 
     achieve a clean audit opinion.''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) Additional requirements.--
       ``(i) Unclassified form.--A description submitted pursuant 
     to clause (vii) of subparagraph (B) or a certification 
     submitted pursuant to clause (viii) of such subparagraph 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a 
     classified annex.
       ``(ii) Delegation.--The Secretary may not delegate the 
     submission of a certification pursuant to clause (viii) of 
     subparagraph (B) to any official other than the Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense, the Chief Management Officer, or the 
     Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).''.

     SEC. 1003. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER FUNDS TO DIRECTOR OF 
                   NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE FOR CAPNET.

       During fiscal year 2019, the Secretary of Defense may 
     transfer to the Director of National Intelligence, under the 
     authority in section 1001 of this Act, an amount that does 
     not exceed $2,000,000 to provide support for the operation of 
     the classified network known as CAPNET.

     SEC. 1004. AUDIT OF FINANCIAL SYSTEMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
     Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) or an appropriate official 
     of a military department, shall ensure that each major 
     implementation of, or modification to, a business system that 
     contributes to financial information of the Department of 
     Defense is reviewed by professional accountants with 
     experience reviewing Federal financial systems to validate 
     that such financial system will meet any applicable Federal 
     requirements. The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that such 
     accountants--
       (1) are provided all necessary data and records; and
       (2) report independently on their findings.

     SEC. 1005. REPORT ON AUDITABLE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

       Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report ranking all 
     military departments and Defense Agencies in order of how 
     advanced they are in achieving auditable financial statements 
     as required by law. The report should not include information 
     otherwise available in other reports to Congress.

     SEC. 1006. TRANSPARENCY OF ACCOUNTING FIRMS USED TO SUPPORT 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUDIT.

       For all contract actions (including awards, renewals, and 
     amendments) occurring more than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     require any accounting firm providing financial statement 
     auditing or audit remediation services to the Department of 
     Defense in support of the audit required under section 3521 
     of title 31, United States Code, to provide the Department 
     with a statement setting forth the details of any 
     disciplinary proceedings with respect to the accounting firm 
     or its associated persons before any entity with the 
     authority to enforce compliance with rules or laws applying 
     to audit services offered by accounting firms.

                Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

     SEC. 1011. INCLUSION OF OPERATION AND SUSTAINMENT COSTS IN 
                   ANNUAL NAVAL VESSEL CONSTRUCTION PLANS.

       Section 231(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(F) The estimated operations and sustainment costs 
     required to support the vessels delivered under the naval 
     vessel construction plan.''.

     SEC. 1012. PURCHASE OF VESSELS USING FUNDS IN NATIONAL 
                   DEFENSE SEALIFT FUND.

       Section 2218(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (C)--
       (A) by striking ``two'' and inserting ``seven''; and
       (B) by striking ``ships'' and inserting ``vessels'';
       (2) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F); 
     and
       (3) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following new 
     subparagraph (E):
       ``(E) The Secretary may not use the authority under this 
     paragraph to procure more than two foreign constructed 
     vessels unless the Secretary submits to Congress, by not 
     later than the second week of February of the fiscal year 
     during which the Secretary plans to use such authority, a 
     certification that--
       ``(i) the Secretary has initiated an acquisition strategy 
     for the construction in United States shipyards of not less 
     than ten new sealift vessels; and
       ``(ii) of such new sealift vessels, the lead ship is 
     anticipated to be delivered by not later than 2026.''.

     SEC. 1013. PURCHASE OF VESSELS BUILT IN FOREIGN SHIPYARDS 
                   WITH FUNDS IN NATIONAL DEFENSE SEALIFT FUND.

       Section 2218(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code, as 
     amended by section 1012, is further amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (F), as redesignated by such section 
     1012--
       (A) by striking ``30 days after'' and inserting ``30 days 
     before'';
       (B) in clause (i), by inserting ``proposed'' before 
     ``date'';
       (C) in clause (ii), by striking ``was'' and inserting 
     ``would be''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(viii) A detailed account of the criteria used to make 
     the determination under subparagraph (B).''; and
       (2) by inserting after subparagraph (F), as so 
     redesignated, the following new subparagraph:
       ``(G) The Secretary may not finalize or execute the final 
     purchase of any vessel using the authority under this 
     paragraph until 30 days after the date on which a report 
     under subparagraph (E) is submitted with respect to such 
     purchase.''.

     SEC. 1014. DATE OF LISTING OF VESSELS AS BATTLE FORCE SHIPS 
                   IN THE NAVAL VESSEL REGISTER AND OTHER FLEET 
                   INVENTORY MEASURES.

       (a) In General.--Section 7301 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Listing as Battle Force Ship in Naval Vessel 
     Register.--A covered vessel may not be listed in the Naval 
     Vessel Register or other fleet inventory measures as a battle 
     force ship until the delivery date specified in subsection 
     (a).''.
       (b) Definitions.--Such section is further amended by 
     striking subsection (d), as redesignated by subsection (a)(1) 
     of this section, and inserting the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `covered vessel' means any vessel of the 
     Navy that is under construction or constructed using amounts 
     authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense 
     for shipbuilding and conversion, Navy.
       ``(2) The term `battle force ship' means the following:
       ``(A) A commissioned United States Ship warship capable of 
     contributing to combat operations.
       ``(B) A United States Naval Ship that contributes directly 
     to Navy warfighting or support missions.''.

     SEC. 1015. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS AND CLARIFICATIONS TO 
                   CHAPTER 633 OF TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE, 
                   AND OTHER PROVISIONS OF LAW REGARDING NAVAL 
                   VESSELS.

       (a) Model Basin; Investigation of Hull Designs.--Section 
     7303 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     ``(a) An office'' and all that follows through ``(b) The 
     Secretary'' and inserting ``The Secretary''.
       (b) Repeal of Under-age Vessels Provision.--
       (1) In general.--Section 7295 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is repealed:
       (2) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 633 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 7295.
       (c) Other Provisions of Law.--
       (1) Repeal of policy relating to major combatant vessels of 
     the strike forces of the united states navy.--Section 1012 of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
     (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 303; 10 U.S.C. 7291 note) is 
     repealed.
       (2) Repeal of alternative technologies for future surface 
     combatants.--Section 128 of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law

[[Page H6740]]

     109-364; 120 Stat. 2109; 10 U.S.C. 7291 note) is repealed.
       (3) Repeal of provision on consideration of vessel location 
     for award of layberth contracts for sealift vessels.--Section 
     375 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2385; 10 U.S.C. 7291 
     note) is repealed.
       (4) Repeal of provision on revitalization of united states 
     shipbuilding industry.--Section 1031 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 
     106 Stat. 2489; 10 U.S.C. 7291 note) is repealed.
       (5) Repeal of fast sealift program.--Section 1021 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 
     (Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2485; 10 U.S.C. 7291 note) is 
     repealed.
       (6) Repeal of obsolete requirement for reports on effects 
     of naval shipbuilding plans on maritime industries.--Section 
     1227 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 1989 (Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2055; 10 U.S.C. 7291 
     note) is repealed.
       (7) Repeal of prohibition on use of public and private 
     shipyards for conversion, overhaul, or repair work under 
     certain programs.--Section 811 of the Department of Defense 
     Appropriation Authorization Act, 1979 (Public Law 95-485; 92 
     Stat. 1624; 10 U.S.C. 7291 note) is repealed.
       (8) Repeal of obsolete requirement to submit a five-year 
     naval ship new construction and conversion program.--Section 
     808 of the Department of Defense Appropriation Authorization 
     Act, 1976 (Public Law 94-106; 89 Stat. 539; 10 U.S.C. 7291 
     note) is repealed.

     SEC. 1016. DISMANTLEMENT AND DISPOSAL OF NUCLEAR-POWERED 
                   AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 633 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by section 323, is further amended by adding 
     after section 7320, as added by such section 323, the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 7321. Nuclear-powered aircraft carriers: dismantlement 
       and disposal

       ``(a) In General.--Not less than 90 days before the award 
     of a contract for the dismantlement and disposal of a 
     nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, or the provision of funds 
     to a naval shipyard for the dismantlement and disposal of a 
     nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, the Secretary of the Navy 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     setting forth the following:
       ``(1) A cost and schedule baseline for the dismantlement 
     and disposal approved by the service acquisition executive of 
     the Department of the Navy and the Chief of Naval Operations.
       ``(2) A description of the regulatory framework applicable 
     to the management of radioactive materials in connection with 
     the dismantlement and disposal, including, in cases in which 
     the Navy intends to have another government entity serve as 
     the regulatory enforcement authority--
       ``(A) a certification from that entity of its agreement to 
     serve as the regulatory enforcement authority; and
       ``(B) a description of the legal basis for the authority of 
     that entity to serve as the regulatory enforcement authority.
       ``(b) Supplemental Information With Budgets.--In the 
     materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary of Defense 
     in support of the budget of the President for a fiscal year 
     (as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31), 
     the Secretary of the Navy shall include information on each 
     dismantlement and disposal of a nuclear-powered aircraft 
     carrier occurring or planned to occur during the period of 
     the future-years defense program submitted to Congress with 
     that budget. Such information shall include, by ship 
     concerned, the following:
       ``(1) A summary of activities and significant developments 
     in connection with such dismantlement and disposal.
       ``(2) If applicable, a detailed description of cost and 
     schedule performance against the baseline for such 
     dismantlement and disposal established pursuant to subsection 
     (a), including a description of and explanation for any 
     variance from such baseline.
       ``(3) A description of the amounts requested, or intended 
     or estimated to be requested, for such dismantlement and 
     disposal for each of the following:
       ``(A) Each fiscal year covered by the future-years defense 
     program.
       ``(B) Any fiscal years before the fiscal years covered by 
     the future-years defense program.
       ``(C) Any fiscal years after the end of the period of the 
     future-years defense program.
       ``(c) Future-years Defense Program Defined.--In this 
     section, the term `future-years defense program' means the 
     future-years defense program required by section 221 of this 
     title.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 633 of such title, as amended by section 
     323, is further amended by adding at the end the following 
     new item:

``7321. Nuclear-powered aircraft carriers: dismantlement and 
              disposal.''.

     SEC. 1017. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
                   HOSPITAL SHIPS.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for the Navy 
     may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare to retire, 
     transfer, or place in storage any hospital ship.
       (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the 
     limitation in subsection (a) with respect to a hospital ship 
     if the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
     committees that the Secretary has--
       (1) identified a replacement capability, and the necessary 
     quantity of systems, to meet all hospital ship requirements 
     of the combatant commands that are currently being met by 
     such hospital ship;
       (2) achieved initial operational capability of all systems 
     described in paragraph (1); and
       (3) deployed a sufficient quantity of systems described in 
     paragraph (1) that have achieved initial operational 
     capability in order to continue to meet or exceed all 
     requirements of the combatant commands that are currently 
     being met by such hospital ship.

     SEC. 1018. INCLUSION OF AIRCRAFT CARRIER REFUELING OVERHAUL 
                   BUDGET REQUEST IN ANNUAL BUDGET JUSTIFICATION 
                   MATERIALS.

       The Secretary of Defense shall include in the budget 
     justification materials submitted to Congress by the 
     Secretary in support of the budget of the President for 
     fiscal year 2020 and each subsequent fiscal year, as part of 
     the budget request for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, a 
     detailed aircraft carrier refueling overhaul budget request, 
     by hull number, including all funding requested for reactor 
     power units and reactor components.

     SEC. 1019. BUSINESS CASE ANALYSIS OF READY RESERVE FORCE 
                   RECAPITALIZATION OPTIONS.

       (a) Business Case Analysis Required.--Not later than 120 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary of the Navy shall, in consultation with the 
     Administrator of the Maritime Administration and the 
     Commander of United States Transportation Command, submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report setting forth a 
     business case analysis of recapitalization options for the 
     Ready Reserve Force.
       (b) Elements.--The business case analysis required by 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) Each sealift capability area, and the associated 
     capacity, for which Ready Reserve Force vessels are required 
     to be recapitalized through fiscal year 2048.
       (2) The categories of vessels being considered in each area 
     specified pursuant to paragraph (1), including the following:
       (A) United States purpose-built vessels (such as Common 
     Hull Auxiliary Multi-mission Platform).
       (B) United States non-purpose built vessels (such as 
     vessels formerly engaged in Jones Act trade).
       (C) Foreign-built vessels that participated in the Maritime 
     Security Program.
       (D) Foreign-built vessels that did not participate in the 
     Maritime Security Program.
       (E) Foreign-designed, United States-built vessels.
       (3) For each category of vessel specified pursuant to 
     paragraph (2), the following:
       (A) Anticipated availability of vessels within such 
     category in the timeframe needed to meet United States 
     Transportation Command sealift requirements.
       (B) Anticipated purchase price, if applicable.
       (C) Anticipated cost and scope of modernization.
       (D) Anticipated duration of modernization period.
       (E) Anticipated service life as a Ready Reserve Force 
     vessel.
       (F) Anticipated military utility.
       (G) Ability of one such vessel to replace more than one 
     existing Ready Reserve Force vessel.
       (4) A cost-benefit determination on the mix of capabilities 
     and vessels identified pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (3) 
     that could ensure United States Transportation Command 
     sealift requirements are met through fiscal year 2048, which 
     determination shall include a comparison of the useful 
     service life of each category of vessels specified pursuant 
     to paragraph (2) with the costs of such category of vessels.

     SEC. 1020. TRANSFER OF EXCESS NAVAL VESSEL TO BAHRAIN.

       (a) Transfer by Grant.--The President is authorized to 
     transfer to the Government of Bahrain the OLIVER HAZARD PERRY 
     class guided missile frigate ex-USS ROBERT G. BRADLEY (FFG-
     49) on a grant basis under section 516 of the Foreign 
     Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321j).
       (b) Grant Not Counted in Annual Total of Transferred Excess 
     Defense Articles.--The value of the vessel transferred to the 
     Government of Bahrain on a grant basis pursuant to authority 
     provided by subsection (a) shall not be counted against the 
     aggregate value of excess defense articles transferred in any 
     fiscal year under section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act 
     of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321j).
       (c) Costs of Transfer.--Any expense incurred by the United 
     States in connection with the transfer authorized by this 
     section shall be charged to the Government of Bahrain 
     notwithstanding section 516(e) of the Foreign Assistance Act 
     of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321j(e)).
       (d) Repair and Refurbishment in United States Shipyards.--
     To the maximum extent practicable, the President shall 
     require, as a condition of the transfer of a vessel under 
     this section, that the Government of Bahrain have such repair 
     or refurbishment of the vessel as is needed, before the 
     vessel joins the naval forces of that country, performed at a 
     shipyard located in the United States, including a United 
     States Navy shipyard.
       (e) Expiration of Authority.--The authority to transfer a 
     vessel under this section shall expire at the end of the 
     three-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

                      Subtitle C--Counterterrorism

     SEC. 1031. DEFINITION OF SENSITIVE MILITARY OPERATION.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (d) of section 130f of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(d) Sensitive Military Operation Defined.--(1) Except as 
     provided in paragraph (2),

[[Page H6741]]

     in this section, the term `sensitive military operation' 
     means--
       ``(A) a lethal operation or capture operation conducted by 
     the armed forces or conducted by a foreign partner in 
     coordination with the armed forces that targets a specific 
     individual or individuals; or
       ``(B) an operation conducted by the armed forces in self-
     defense or in defense of foreign partners, including during a 
     cooperative operation.
       ``(2) For purposes of this section, the term `sensitive 
     military operation' does not include any operation conducted 
     within Afghanistan, Syria, or Iraq.''.
       (b) Collective Self-defense Notification.--Such section is 
     further amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(f) Collective Self-defense Notification Requirement.--
     Not later than 48 hours after the date on which a foreign 
     partner force has been designated as eligible for the 
     provision of collective self-defense by the armed forces for 
     the purposes of subsection (d)(1)(B), the Secretary of 
     Defense shall provide to the congressional defense committees 
     notice in writing of such designation.''.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report that includes--
       (1) a list of any instance in which a member of the Armed 
     Forces has engaged or been engaged by enemy forces, used 
     self-defense, or provided collective self-defense of foreign 
     partner forces in a country other than Afghanistan, Iraq, or 
     Syria since December 26, 2013; and
       (2) a list of all foreign partner forces outside of 
     Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria for which the United States 
     Armed Forces are authorized to provide collective self-
     defense.

     SEC. 1032. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CLOSE 
                   OR RELINQUISH CONTROL OF UNITED STATES NAVAL 
                   STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

       Section 1036 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended by inserting 
     ``or 2019'' after ``fiscal year 2018''.

     SEC. 1033. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR 
                   RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED 
                   STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO 
                   THE UNITED STATES.

       No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
     available for the Department of Defense may be used during 
     the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
     and ending on December 31, 2019, to transfer, release, or 
     assist in the transfer of or release to or within the United 
     States, its territories, or possessions Khalid Sheikh 
     Mohammed or any other detainee who--
       (1) is not a United States citizen or a member of the Armed 
     Forces of the United States; and
       (2) is or was held on or after January 20, 2009, at United 
     States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by the Department 
     of Defense.

     SEC. 1034. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY 
                   FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE 
                   DETAINEES TRANSFERRED FROM UNITED STATES NAVAL 
                   STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

       (a) In General.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may 
     be used during the period beginning on the date of the 
     enactment of this Act and ending on December 31, 2019, to 
     construct or modify any facility in the United States, its 
     territories, or possessions to house any individual detained 
     at Guantanamo for the purposes of detention or imprisonment 
     in the custody or under the control of the Department of 
     Defense.
       (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not 
     apply to any modification of facilities at United States 
     Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
       (c) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' has 
     the meaning given that term in section 1034(f)(2) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 971; 10 U.S.C. 801 note).

     SEC. 1035. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR 
                   RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED 
                   STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO 
                   CERTAIN COUNTRIES.

       No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
     available for the Department of Defense may be used during 
     the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
     and ending on December 31, 2019, to transfer, release, or 
     assist in the transfer or release of any individual detained 
     in the custody or under the control of the Department of 
     Defense at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
     to the custody or control of any country, or any entity 
     within such country, as follows:
       (1) Libya.
       (2) Somalia.
       (3) Syria.
       (4) Yemen.

         Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

     SEC. 1041. STRATEGIC GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT 
                   OF DEFENSE.

       Section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking paragraphs (2) through (4) and inserting the 
     following new paragraphs (2) through (4):
       ``(2)(A) In implementing the requirement in paragraph (1), 
     the Secretary, with the advice of the Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff, shall each year provide to the officials and 
     officers referred in paragraph (1)(A) written guidance (to be 
     known as `Defense Planning Guidance') establishing goals, 
     priorities, and objectives, including fiscal constraints, to 
     direct the preparation and review of the program and budget 
     recommendations of all elements of the Department, 
     including--
       ``(i) the priority military missions of the Department, 
     including the assumed force planning scenarios and 
     constructs;
       ``(ii) the force size and shape, force posture, defense 
     capabilities, force readiness, infrastructure, organization, 
     personnel, technological innovation, and other elements of 
     the defense program necessary to support the strategy 
     required by paragraph (1);
       ``(iii) the resource levels projected to be available for 
     the period of time for which such recommendations and 
     proposals are to be effective; and
       ``(iv) a discussion of any changes in the strategy required 
     by paragraph (1) and assumptions underpinning the strategy, 
     as required by paragraph (1).
       ``(B) The guidance required by this paragraph shall be 
     produced in February each year in order to support the 
     planning and budget process. A comprehensive briefing on the 
     guidance shall be provided to the congressional defense 
     committees at the same time as the submission of the budget 
     of the President (as submitted to Congress pursuant to 
     section 1105(a) of title 31) for the fiscal year beginning in 
     the year in which such guidance is produced.
       ``(3)(A) In implementing the requirement in paragraph (1) 
     and in conjunction with the reporting requirement in section 
     2687a of this title, the Secretary, with the approval of the 
     President and the advice of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
     of Staff, shall, on the basis provided in subparagraph (E), 
     provide to the officials and officers referred to in 
     paragraph (1)(A) written guidance (to be known as 
     `Contingency Planning Guidance' or `Guidance for Employment 
     of the Force') on the preparation and review of contingency 
     and campaign plans, including plans for providing support to 
     civil authorities in an incident of national significance or 
     a catastrophic incident, for homeland defense, and for 
     military support to civil authorities.
       ``(B) The guidance required by this paragraph shall include 
     the following:
       ``(i) A description of the manner in which limited existing 
     forces and resources shall be prioritized and apportioned to 
     achieve the objectives described in the strategy required by 
     paragraph (1).
       ``(ii) A description of the relative priority of 
     contingency and campaign plans, specific force levels, and 
     supporting resource levels projected to be available for the 
     period of time for which such plans are to be effective.
       ``(C) The guidance required by this paragraph shall include 
     the following:
       ``(i) Prioritized global, regional, and functional policy 
     objectives that the armed forces should plan to achieve, 
     including plans for deliberate and contingency scenarios.
       ``(ii) Policy and strategic assumptions that should guide 
     military planning, including the role of foreign partners.
       ``(iii) Guidance on global posture and global force 
     management.
       ``(iv) Security cooperation priorities.
       ``(v) Specific guidance on United States and Department 
     nuclear policy.
       ``(D) The guidance required by this paragraph shall be the 
     primary source document to be used by the Chairman of the 
     Joint Chiefs of Staff in--
       ``(i) executing the global military integration 
     responsibilities described in section 153 of this title; and
       ``(ii) developing implementation guidance for the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff and the commanders of the combatant commands.
       ``(E) The guidance required by this paragraph shall be 
     produced every two years, or more frequently as needed.
       ``(4)(A) In implementing the requirement in paragraph (1), 
     the Secretary, with the advice of the Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff, shall each year produce, and submit to the 
     congressional defense committees, a report (to be known as 
     the `Global Defense Posture Report') that shall include the 
     following:
       ``(i) A description of major changes to United States 
     forces, capabilities, and equipment assigned and allocated 
     outside the United States, focused on significant 
     alterations, additions, or reductions to such global defense 
     posture that are required to execute the strategy and plans 
     of the Department.
       ``(ii) A description of the supporting network of 
     infrastructure, facilities, pre-positioned stocks, and war 
     reserve materiel required for execution of major contingency 
     plans of the Department.
       ``(iii) A list of all enduring locations, including main 
     operating bases, forward operating sites, and cooperative 
     security locations.
       ``(iv) A description of the status of treaty, access, cost-
     sharing, and status-protection agreements with foreign 
     nations.
       ``(v) A summary of the priority posture initiatives for 
     each region by the commanders of the combatant commands.
       ``(vi) For each military department, a summary of the 
     implications for overseas posture of any force structure 
     changes.
       ``(vii) A description of the costs incurred outside the 
     United States during the preceding fiscal year in connection 
     with operating, maintaining, and supporting United States 
     forces outside the United States for each military 
     department, broken out by country, and whether for operation 
     and maintenance, infrastructure, or transportation.
       ``(viii) A description of the amount of direct support for 
     the stationing of United States forces provided by each host 
     nation during the preceding fiscal year.
       ``(B) The report required by this paragraph shall be 
     submitted to the congressional defense

[[Page H6742]]

     committees as required by subparagraph (A) by not later than 
     April 30 each year.
       ``(C) In this paragraph, the term `United States', when 
     used in a geographic sense, includes the territories and 
     possessions of the United States.''.

     SEC. 1042. NOTIFICATION ON THE PROVISION OF DEFENSE SENSITIVE 
                   SUPPORT.

       Section 1055 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 113 note) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(3) has been requested by the head of a non-Department of 
     Defense Federal department or agency who has certified to the 
     Secretary that the department or agency has reasonably 
     attempted to use capabilities and resources internal to the 
     department or agency.''; and
       (2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(4) Reverse defense sensitive support request.--The 
     Secretary shall notify the congressional defense committees 
     (and the congressional intelligence committees with respect 
     to matters relating to members of the intelligence community) 
     of requests made by the Secretary to a non-Department of 
     Defense Federal department or agency for support that 
     requires special protection from disclosure in the same 
     manner and containing the same information as the Secretary 
     notifies such committees of defense sensitive support 
     requests under paragraphs (1) and (3).''.

     SEC. 1043. COORDINATING UNITED STATES RESPONSE TO MALIGN 
                   FOREIGN INFLUENCE OPERATIONS AND CAMPAIGNS.

       (a) In General.--Section 101 of the National Security Act 
     of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3021) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and inserting 
     ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) coordinate, without assuming operational authority, 
     the United States Government response to malign foreign 
     influence operations and campaigns.''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
       ``(g) Coordinator for Combating Malign Foreign Influence 
     Operations and Campaigns.--
       ``(1) In general.--The President shall designate an 
     employee of the National Security Council to be responsible 
     for the coordination of the interagency process for combating 
     malign foreign influence operations and campaigns.
       ``(2) Congressional briefing.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not less frequently than twice each 
     year, the employee designated under this subsection, or the 
     employee's designee, shall provide to the congressional 
     committees specified in subparagraph (B) a briefing on the 
     responsibilities and activities of the employee designated 
     under this subsection.
       ``(B) Committees specified.--The congressional committees 
     specified in this subparagraph are the following:
       ``(i) The Committees on Armed Services, Foreign Affairs, 
     and Oversight and Government Reform, and the Permanent Select 
     Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
       ``(ii) The Committees on Armed Services, Foreign Relations, 
     and Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the 
     Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.
       ``(h) Definition of Malign Foreign Influence Operations and 
     Campaigns.--In this section, the term `malign foreign 
     influence operations and campaigns' means the coordinated, 
     direct or indirect application of national diplomatic, 
     informational, military, economic, business, corruption, 
     educational, and other capabilities by hostile foreign powers 
     to affect attitudes, behaviors, decisions, or outcomes within 
     the United States.''.
       (b) Strategy.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 9 months after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the President, acting through the 
     National Security Council, shall submit to the congressional 
     committees specified in paragraph (2) a strategy to counter 
     malign foreign influence operations and campaigns (as such 
     term is defined in section 101(h) of the National Security 
     Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3021), as added by subsection (a)).
       (2) Committees specified.--The congressional committees 
     specified in this paragraph are the following:
       (A) The Committees on Armed Services, Foreign Affairs, and 
     Oversight and Government Reform, and the Permanent Select 
     Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
       (B) The Committees on Armed Services, Foreign Relations, 
     and Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the 
     Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.
       (c) Deadline for Appointment.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President 
     shall designate the employee of the National Security Council 
     to be responsible for the coordination of the interagency 
     process for combating malign foreign influence operations and 
     campaigns pursuant to subsection (g)(1) of section 101 of the 
     National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3021), as added by 
     subsection (a)(2).

     SEC. 1044. CLARIFICATION OF REIMBURSABLE ALLOWED COSTS OF FAA 
                   MEMORANDA OF AGREEMENT.

       Section 47504(c)(2) of title 49, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in subparagraph (E) by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(F) to an airport operator of a congested airport (as 
     defined in section 47175) and a unit of local government 
     referred to in paragraph (1)(B) to carry out a project to 
     mitigate noise, if the project--
       ``(i) consists of--
       ``(I) replacement windows, doors, and the installation of 
     through-the-wall air conditioning units; or
       ``(II) a contribution of the equivalent costs to be used 
     for reconstruction if reconstruction is the preferred local 
     solution;
       ``(ii) is located at a school near the airport; and
       ``(iii) is included in a memorandum of agreement entered 
     into before September 30, 2002, even if the airport has not 
     met the requirements of part 150 of title 14, Code of Federal 
     Regulations, and only if the financial limitations of the 
     memorandum are applied.''.

     SEC. 1045. WORKFORCE ISSUES FOR MILITARY REALIGNMENTS IN THE 
                   PACIFIC.

       (a) In General.--Section 6(b) of the Joint Resolution 
     entitled ``A Joint Resolution to approve the `Covenant To 
     Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in 
     Political Union With the United States of America', and for 
     other purposes'', approved March 24, 1976 (48 U.S.C. 1806(b)) 
     is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by amending subparagraph (B) to read 
     as follows:
       ``(B) H-2B workers.--In the case of an alien described in 
     subparagraph (A) who seeks admission under section 
     101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
     (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b)), the alien, if otherwise 
     qualified, may, before December 31, 2023, be admitted under 
     such section, notwithstanding the requirement of such section 
     that the service or labor be temporary, for a period of up to 
     3 years--
       ``(i) to perform service or labor on Guam or in the 
     Commonwealth pursuant to any agreement entered into by a 
     prime contractor or subcontractor calling for services or 
     labor required for performance of a contact or subcontract 
     for construction, repairs, renovations, or facility services 
     that is directly connected to, or associated with, the 
     military realignment occurring on Guam and in the 
     Commonwealth; or
       ``(ii) to perform service or labor as a health care worker 
     (such as a nurse, physician assistant, or allied health 
     professional) at a facility that jointly serves members of 
     the Armed Forces, dependents, and civilians on Guam or in the 
     Commonwealth, subject to the education, training, licensing, 
     and other requirements of section 212(a)(5)(C) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(5)(C)), as 
     applicable, except that this clause shall not be construed to 
     include graduates of medical schools coming to Guam or the 
     Commonwealth to perform service or labor as members of the 
     medical profession.''; and
       (2) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
       ``(2) Locations.--Paragraph (1) does not apply with respect 
     to the performance of services of labor at a location other 
     than Guam or the Commonwealth.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 1046. MITIGATION OF OPERATIONAL RISKS POSED TO CERTAIN 
                   MILITARY AIRCRAFT BY AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT 
                   SURVEILLANCE-BROADCAST EQUIPMENT.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation may not--
       (1) directly or indirectly require the installation of 
     automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (hereinafter in 
     this section referred to as ``ADS-B'') equipment on fighter 
     aircraft, bomber aircraft, or other special mission aircraft 
     owned or operated by the Department of Defense;
       (2) deny or reduce air traffic control services in United 
     States airspace or international airspace delegated to the 
     United States to any aircraft described in paragraph (1) on 
     the basis that such aircraft is not equipped with ADS-B 
     equipment; or
       (3) restrict or limit airspace access for aircraft 
     described in paragraph (1) on the basis such aircraft are not 
     equipped with ADS-B equipment.
       (b) Termination.--Subsection (a) shall cease to be 
     effective on the date that the Secretary of Transportation 
     and the Secretary of Defense jointly submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees notice that the 
     Secretaries have entered into a memorandum of agreement or 
     other similar agreement providing that fighter aircraft, 
     bomber aircraft, and other special mission aircraft owned or 
     operated by the Department of Defense that are not equipped 
     or not yet equipped with ADS-B equipment will be reasonably 
     accommodated for safe operations in the National Airspace 
     System and provided with necessary air traffic control 
     services.
       (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
     construed to--
       (1) vest in the Secretary of Defense any authority of the 
     Secretary of Transportation or the Administrator of the 
     Federal Aviation Administration under title 49, United States 
     Code, or any other provision of law;
       (2) vest in the Secretary of Transportation or the 
     Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration any 
     authority of the Secretary of Defense under title 10, United 
     States Code, or any other provision of law; or
       (3) limit the authority or discretion of the Secretary of 
     Transportation or the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
     Administration to operate air traffic control services to 
     ensure the safe minimum separation of aircraft in flight and 
     the efficient use of airspace.
       (d) Notification Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall provide to the Secretary

[[Page H6743]]

     of Transportation notification of any aircraft the Secretary 
     of Defense designates as a special mission aircraft pursuant 
     to subsection (e)(3).
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
     the congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
     Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
     Representatives, and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
     Transportation of the Senate.
       (2) The term ``air traffic control services'' means 
     services used for the monitoring, directing, control, and 
     guidance of aircraft or flows of aircraft and for the safe 
     conduct of flight, including communications, navigation, and 
     surveillance services and provision of aeronautical 
     information.
       (3) The term ``special mission aircraft'' means an aircraft 
     the Secretary of Defense designates for a unique mission to 
     which ADS-B equipment creates a unique risk.

     SEC. 1047. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR UNMANNED 
                   SURFACE VEHICLES.

       (a) Limitation.--Not more than 50 percent of the funds 
     authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
     available for fiscal year 2019 for the Department of Defense 
     for the Strategic Capabilities Office ghost fleet overlord 
     unmanned surface vehicle program may be obligated or expended 
     until the Undersecretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, in coordination with the Secretary of the Navy, 
     certifies to the congressional defense committees that--
       (1) such project accelerates development of the future 
     unmanned surface vehicle program of the Navy; and
       (2) the desired procurement strategy for the ghost fleet 
     overlord project is properly coordinated and not duplicative 
     of the unmanned surface vehicle sea hunter program of the 
     Navy.
       (b) Rule of Construction.--The limitation in subsection (a) 
     shall not be construed to apply to any other unmanned surface 
     vehicle program of the Department of Defense other than the 
     program element specified in such subsection.

     SEC. 1048. PILOT PROGRAM FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTROLLED 
                   UNCLASSIFIED INFORMATION IN THE HANDS OF 
                   INDUSTRY.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense--
       (1) shall establish and implement a pilot program for 
     oversight of designated Department of Defense controlled 
     unclassified information in the hands of defense contractors 
     with foreign ownership, control, or influence concerns; and
       (2) may designate an entity within the Department to be 
     responsible for the pilot program under paragraph (1).
       (b) Program Requirements.--The pilot program under 
     subsection (a) shall have the following elements:
       (1) The use of a capability to rapidly identify companies 
     subject to foreign ownership, control, or influence that are 
     processing designated controlled unclassified information, 
     including unclassified controlled technical information.
       (2) The use, in consultation with the Chief Of Information 
     Officer of the Department, of a capability or means for 
     assessing industry compliance with Department cybersecurity 
     standards.
       (3) A means of demonstrating whether and under what 
     conditions the risk to national security posed by access to 
     Department controlled unclassified information, including 
     unclassified controlled technical information, by a company 
     under foreign ownership, control, or influence company can be 
     mitigated and how such mitigation could be enforced.
       (c) Briefing Required.--By not later than 30 days after the 
     completion of the pilot program under this section, but in no 
     case later than December 1, 2019, the Secretary shall provide 
     to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the 
     results of the pilot program and any decisions about whether 
     to implement the pilot program on a Department-wide basis.

     SEC. 1049. CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES LIST.

       (a) List Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish and maintain a list of acquisition programs, 
     technologies, manufacturing capabilities, and research areas 
     that are critical for maintaining the national security 
     technological advantage of the United States over foreign 
     countries of special concern. The list shall be accompanied 
     by a justification for inclusion of items on the list, 
     including specific performance and technical figures of 
     merit.
       (b) Use of List.--The Secretary may use the list required 
     under subsection (a) to--
       (1) guide the recommendations of the Secretary in any 
     interagency determinations conducted pursuant to Federal law 
     relating to technology protection, including relating to 
     export licensing, deemed exports, technology transfer, and 
     foreign direct investment;
       (2) inform the Secretary while engaging in interagency 
     processes on promotion and protection activities involving 
     acquisition programs and technologies that are necessary to 
     achieve and maintain the national security technology 
     advantage of the United States and that are supportive of 
     military requirements and strategies;
       (3) inform the Department's activities to integrate 
     acquisition, intelligence, counterintelligence and security, 
     and law enforcement to inform requirements, acquisition, 
     programmatic, and strategic courses of action for technology 
     protection;
       (4) inform development of research investment strategies 
     and activities and develop innovation centers and an emerging 
     technology industrial base through the employment of 
     financial assistance from the United States Government 
     through appropriate statutory authorities and programs;
       (5) identify opportunities for alliances and partnerships 
     in key research and development areas to achieve and maintain 
     a national security technology advantage; and
       (6) carry out such other purposes as identified by the 
     Secretary.
       (c) Publication.--The Secretary shall--
       (1) publish the list required under subsection (a) by not 
     later than December 31, 2018; and
       (2) update such list at least annually.

     SEC. 1050. AIRBORNE HAZARDS AND OPEN BURN PIT REGISTRY.

       (a) Education Campaign.--Beginning not later than one year 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall carry out an annual education campaign to 
     inform individuals who may be eligible to enroll in the 
     Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry of such 
     eligibility. Each such campaign shall include at least one 
     electronic method and one physical mailing method to provide 
     such information.
       (b) Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry Defined.--
     In this section, the term ``Airborne Hazards and Open Burn 
     Pit Registry'' means the registry established by the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs under section 201 of the 
     Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act 
     of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note).

     SEC. 1051. NATIONAL SECURITY COMMISSION ON ARTIFICIAL 
                   INTELLIGENCE.

       (a) Establishment.--
       (1) In general.--There is established in the executive 
     branch an independent Commission to review advances in 
     artificial intelligence, related machine learning 
     developments, and associated technologies.
       (2) Treatment.--The Commission shall be considered an 
     independent establishment of the Federal Government as 
     defined by se