[House Prints 116-B]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]





   116th Congress  }                               {   Committee
                            COMMITTEE PRINT
   1st Session     }                               {   Print 116-B                               
                                                     
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     




                              COMPILATION

                                 of the

                           HOMELAND SECURITY
                              ACT OF 2002

                 (Updated with amendments made through

                  Pub. L. 115-387 (December 21, 2018))


                               ----------                       


                      Prepared for the use of the

                     COMMITTEE ON HOMELAND SECURITY

                                 of the

                     U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
                     
                     
                     
                     
[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]                                    



                             September 2019






                                     

            Compilation of the Homeland Security Act of 2002
            
            
            


  (Updated with amendments made through Pub. L. 115-387 (December 21, 2018))
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
                                


116th Congress   }                                        {   Committee
                             COMMITTEE PRINT
 1st Session     }                                        {   Print 116-B
                                                            
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     

 
                              COMPILATION

                                 of the

                           HOMELAND SECURITY
                              ACT OF 2002

                 (Updated with amendments made through

                  Pub. L. 115-387 (December 21, 2018))


                               __________

                      Prepared for the use of the

                     COMMITTEE ON HOMELAND SECURITY

                                 of the

                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
                        

                                     
[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]


                         September 2019



                            ______

             U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE 
 37-772 PDF         WASHINGTON : 2019


                                     


                     COMMITTEE ON HOMELAND SECURITY

               Bennie G. Thompson, Mississippi, Chairman
Sheila Jackson Lee, Texas            Mike Rogers, Alabama
James R. Langevin, Rhode Island      Peter T. King, New York
Cedric L. Richmond, Louisiana        Michael T. McCaul, Texas
Donald M. Payne, Jr., New Jersey     John Katko, New York
Kathleen M. Rice, New York           John Ratcliffe, Texas
J. Luis Correa, California           Mark Walker, North Carolina
Xochitl Torres Small, New Mexico     Clay Higgins, Louisiana
Max Rose, New York                   Debbie Lesko, Arizona
Lauren Underwood, Illinois           Mark Green, Tennessee
Elissa Slotkin, Michigan             Van Taylor, Texas
Emanuel Cleaver, Missouri            John Joyce, Pennsylvania
Al Green, Texas                      Dan Crenshaw, Texas
Yvette D. Clarke, New York           Michael Guest, Mississippii
Dina Titus, Nevada
Bonnie Watson Coleman, New Jersey
Nanette Diaz Barragan, California
Val Butler Demings, Florida


                       Hope Goins, Staff Director
                     Rosaline Cohen, Chief Counsel
                 Chris Vieson, Minority Staff Director
                       Nicholas D. Johnson, Clerk
                          Marc Johnson, Clerk

                                  (II)
                                  
                                  
                                  
                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page

Homeland Security Act of 2002--Amended through P.L. 115-387

Title I--Department of Homeland Security.........................    14

Title II--Information Analysis...................................    18
    Subtitle A--Information and Analysis and Infrastructure 
      Protection; Access to Information..........................    18
    Subtitle B--Information Security.............................    50
    Subtitle C--Office of Science and Technology.................    53

Title III--Science and Technology in Support of Homeland Security    57

Title IV--Border, Maritime, and Transportation Security..........    82
    Subtitle A--Border, Maritime, and Transportation Security 
      Responsibilities and Functions.............................    82
    Subtitle B--U.S. Customs and Border Protection...............    87
    Subtitle C--Miscellaneous Provisions.........................   101
    Subtitle D--Immigration Enforcement Functions................   114
    Subtitle E--Citizenship and Immigration Services.............   117
    Subtitle F--General Immigration Provisions...................   128
    Subtitle G--U.S. Customs and Border Protection Public Private 
      Partnerships...............................................   135

Title V--National Emergency Management...........................   144

Title VI--Treatment of Charitable Trusts for Members of the Armed 
  Forces of the United States and Other Governmental 
  Organizations..................................................   176

Title VII--Management............................................   179

Title VIII--Coordination with Non-Federal Entities; Inspector 
  General; United States Secret Service; Coast Guard; General 
  Provisions.....................................................   200
    Subtitle A--Coordination with Non-Federal Entities...........   200
    Subtitle B--Inspector General................................   201
    Subtitle C--United States Secret Service.....................   202
    Subtitle D--Acquisitions.....................................   203
    Subtitle E--Human Resources Management.......................   208
    Subtitle F--Federal Emergency Procurement Flexibility........   214
    Subtitle G--Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective 
      Technologies Act of 2002...................................   217
    Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Provisions.........................   221
    Subtitle I--Information Sharing..............................   240
    Subtitle J--Secure Handling of Ammonium Nitrate..............   245

Title IX--National Homeland Security Council.....................   252

Title X--Information Security....................................   253

Title XI--Department of Justice Divisions........................   254
    Subtitle A--Executive Office for Immigration Review..........   254
    Subtitle B--Transfer of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and 
      Firearms to the Department of Justice......................   254
    Subtitle C--Explosives.......................................   257

Title XII--Airline War Risk Insurance Legislation................   257

Title XIII--Federal Workforce Improvement........................   258
    Subtitle A--Chief Human Capital Officers.....................   258
    Subtitle B--Reforms Relating to Federal Human Capital 
      Management.................................................   258
    Subtitle C--Reforms Relating to the Senior Executive Service.   259
    Subtitle D--Academic Training................................   260

Title XIV--Arming Pilots Against Terrorism.......................   260

Title XV--Transition.............................................   262
    Subtitle A--Reorganization Plan..............................   262
    Subtitle B--Transitional Provisions..........................   263

Title XVI--Transportation Security...............................   266
    Subtitle A--General Provisions...............................   266
    Subtitle B--Transportation Security Administration 
      Acquisition Improvements...................................   266
    Subtitle C--Maintenance of security-related technology.......   274

Title XVII--Conforming and Technical Amendments..................   275

Title XVIII--Emergency Communications............................   276

Title XIX--Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Office.........   290
    Subtitle A--Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Office....   290
    Subtitle B--Mission of Office................................   290
    Subtitle C--Chief Medical Officer............................   300

Title XX--Homeland Security Grants...............................   300
    Subtitle A--Grants to States and High-Risk Urban Areas.......   302
    Subtitle B--Grants Administration............................   316

Title XXI--Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards............   323
Title XXII--Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency.....   342
    Subtitle A--Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security........   342
    Subtitle B--Critical Infraststructure Information............   367
    
                             P R E F A C E

This book is designed as a ready reference of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-296) as amended through 
Public Law 115-387. The information contained herein is current 
as of December 31, 2018.

This document was prepared by the Office of Legislative 
Counsel. The Committee is appreciative of their hard work and 
dedication. The Committee would like to acknowledge the work of 
the Staff of the Legislative Counsel including: Craig Sterkx, 
Tom Meryweather, Matt Loggie, Alexander Swindle, and Joseph 
Birch.
                 HOMELAND SECURITY ACT OF 2002

            [Public Law 107-296; Approved November 25, 2002]

      [As Amended Through P.L. 115-387, Enacted December 21, 2018]

[Currency: This publication is a compilation of the text of Public Law 
   107 09296. It was last amended by the public law listed in the As 
Amended Through note above and below at the bottom of each page of the 
pdf version and reflects current law through the date of the enactment 
  of the public law listed at https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/
                                comps/]
[Note: While this publication does not represent an official version of 
 any Federal statute, substantial efforts have been made to ensure the 
accuracy of its contents. The official version of Federal law is found 
 in the United States Statutes at Large and in the United States Code. 
 The legal effect to be given to the Statutes at Large and the United 
      States Code is established by statute (1 U.S.C. 112, 204).]
AN ACT To establish the Department of Homeland Security, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) [6 U.S.C. 101 note] Short Title.--This Act may be cited 
as the ``Homeland Security Act of 2002''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.
Sec. 3. Construction; severability.
Sec. 4. Effective date.

                TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

Sec. 101. Executive department; mission.
Sec. 102. Secretary; functions.
Sec. 103. Other officers.

                     TITLE II--INFORMATION ANALYSIS

       Subtitle A--Information and analysis; Access to Information

Sec. 201. Information and analysis.
Sec. 202. Access to information.
Sec. 203. Homeland Security Advisory System.
Sec. 204. Homeland security information sharing.
Sec. 205. Comprehensive information technology network architecture.
Sec. 206. Coordination with information sharing environment.
Sec. 207. Intelligence components.
Sec. 208. Training for employees of intelligence components.
Sec. 209. Intelligence training development for State and local 
          government officials.
Sec. 210. Information sharing incentives.
Sec. 210A. Department of Homeland Security State, Local, and Regional 
          Information Fusion Center Initiative.
Sec. 210B. Homeland Security Information Sharing Fellows Program.
Sec. 210C. Rural Policing Institute.
Sec. 210D. Interagency Threat Assessment and Coordination Group.
Sec. 210E. Classified Information Advisory Officer.
Sec. 210G. Protection of certain facilities and assets from unmanned 
          aircraft.

                    Subtitle B--Information Security

Sec. 221. Procedures for sharing information.
Sec. 222. Privacy Officer.

              Subtitle C--Office of Science and Technology

Sec. 231. Establishment of office; Director.
Sec. 232. Mission of office; duties.
Sec. 233. Definition of law enforcement technology.
Sec. 234. Abolishment of Office of Science and Technology of National 
          Institute of Justice; transfer of functions.
Sec. 235. National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Centers.
Sec. 236. Coordination with other entities within Department of Justice.
Sec. 237. Amendments relating to National Institute of Justice.

    TITLE III--SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN SUPPORT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

Sec. 301. Under Secretary for Science and Technology.
Sec. 302. Responsibilities and authorities of the Under Secretary for 
          Science and Technology.
Sec. 303. Functions transferred.
Sec. 304. Conduct of certain public health-related activities.
Sec. 305. Federally funded research and development centers.
Sec. 306. Miscellaneous provisions.
Sec. 307. Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency.
Sec. 308. Conduct of research, development, demonstration, testing and 
          evaluation.
Sec. 309. Utilization of Department of Energy national laboratories and 
          sites in support of homeland security activities.
Sec. 310. Transfer of Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Department of 
          Agriculture.
Sec. 311. Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee.
Sec. 312. Homeland Security Institute.
Sec. 313. Technology clearinghouse to encourage and support innovative 
          solutions to enhance homeland security.
Sec. 314. Office for Interoperability and Compatibility.
Sec. 315. Emergency communications interoperability research and 
          development.
Sec. 316. National Biosurveillance Integration Center.
Sec. 317. Promoting antiterrorism through international cooperation 
          program.
Sec. 318. Social media working group.
Sec. 319. Transparency in research and development.
Sec. 320. EMP and GMD mitigation research and development.

         TITLE IV--BORDER, MARITIME, AND TRANSPORTATION SECURITY

       Subtitle A--Border, Maritime, and Transportation Security 
                     Responsibilities and Functions

 [Sec. 401 repealed by section 802(g)(3)(C) of Public Law 114-125.]
Sec. 402. Responsibilities.
Sec. 403. Functions transferred.
Sec. 404. Surface Transportation Security Advisory Committee.

             Subtitle B--U.S. Customs and Border Protection

Sec. 411. Establishment of U.S. Customs and Border Protection; 
          Commissioner, Deputy Commissioner, and operational offices.
Sec. 412. Retention of customs revenue functions by Secretary of the 
          Treasury.
Sec. 413. Preservation of customs funds.
Sec. 414. Separate budget request for customs.
Sec. 415. Definition.
 [Sec. 416. was repealed by section 802(f) of Public Law 114-125.]
Sec. 417. Allocation of resources by the Secretary.
Sec. 418. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Business Travel Cards.
Sec. 419. Customs user fees.

                  Subtitle C--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 421. Transfer of certain agricultural inspection functions of the 
          Department of Agriculture.
Sec. 422. Functions of Administrator of General Services.
Sec. 423. Functions of Transportation Security Administration.
Sec. 424. Preservation of Transportation Security Administration as a 
          distinct entity.
Sec. 425. Explosive detection systems.
Sec. 426. Transportation security.
Sec. 427. Coordination of information and information technology.
Sec. 428. Visa issuance.
Sec. 429. Information on visa denials required to be entered into 
          electronic data system.
Sec. 430. Office for Domestic Preparedness.
Sec. 431. Office of Cargo Security Policy.
Sec. 432. Border Enforcement Security Task Force.
Sec. 433. Prevention of international child abduction.
Sec. 434. Department of Homeland Security Blue Campaign.
435. Maritime operations coordination plan. \1\
\1\ So in law. The items relating to sections 435 and 436 probably 
    should include ``Sec.''.
436. Maritime security capabilities assessments. \1\

              Subtitle D--Immigration Enforcement Functions

Sec. 441. Transfer of functions.
Sec. 442. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
Sec. 443. Professional responsibility and quality review.
Sec. 444. Employee discipline.
Sec. 445. Report on improving enforcement functions.
Sec. 446. Sense of Congress regarding construction of fencing near San 
          Diego, California.

            Subtitle E--Citizenship and Immigration Services

Sec. 451. Establishment of Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration 
          Services.
Sec. 452. Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman.
Sec. 453. Professional responsibility and quality review.
Sec. 454. Employee discipline.
Sec. 455. Effective date.
Sec. 456. Transition.
Sec. 457. Funding for citizenship and immigration services.
Sec. 458. Backlog elimination.
Sec. 459. Report on improving immigration services.
Sec. 460. Report on responding to fluctuating needs.
Sec. 461. Application of Internet-based technologies.
Sec. 462. Children's affairs.

               Subtitle F--General Immigration Provisions

Sec. 471. Abolishment of INS.
Sec. 472. Voluntary separation incentive payments.
Sec. 473. Authority to conduct a demonstration project relating to 
          disciplinary action.
Sec. 474. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 475. Director of Shared Services.
Sec. 476. Separation of funding.
Sec. 477. Reports and implementation plans.
Sec. 478. Immigration functions.

     Subtitle G--U.S. Customs and Border Protection Public Private 
                              Partnerships

Sec. 481. Fee agreements for certain services at ports of entry.
Sec. 482. Port of entry donation authority.
Sec. 483. Current and proposed agreements.
Sec. 484. Definitions.

                 TITLE V--NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

Sec. 501. Definitions.
Sec. 502. Definition.
Sec. 503. Federal Emergency Management Agency.
Sec. 504. Authorities and responsibilities.
Sec. 505. Functions transferred.
Sec. 506. Preserving the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
Sec. 507. Regional Offices.
Sec. 508. National Advisory Council.
Sec. 509. National Integration Center.
Sec. 510. Credentialing and typing.
Sec. 511. The National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center.
Sec. 512. Evacuation plans and exercises.
Sec. 513. Disability Coordinator.
Sec. 514. Department and Agency officials.
Sec. 515. National Operations Center.
 [Sec. 516.was repealed by section 2(c)(3) of Public Law 115-387.]
Sec. 517. Nuclear incident response.
Sec. 518. Conduct of certain public health-related activities.
Sec. 519. Use of national private sector networks in emergency response.
Sec. 520. Use of commercially available technology, goods, and services.
Sec. 521. Procurement of security countermeasures for strategic national 
          stockpile.
Sec. 522. Model standards and guidelines for critical infrastructure 
          workers.
Sec. 523. Guidance and recommendations.
Sec. 524. Voluntary private sector preparedness accreditation and 
          certification program.
Sec. 525. Acceptance of gifts.
Sec. 526. Integrated public alert and warning system modernization.
Sec. 527. National planning and education.
Sec. 528. Coordination of Department of Homeland Security efforts 
          related to food, agriculture, and veterinary defense against 
          terrorism.

TITLE VI--TREATMENT OF CHARITABLE TRUSTS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
        OF THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

Sec. 601. Treatment of charitable trusts for members of the Armed Forces 
          of the United States and other governmental organizations.

                          TITLE VII--MANAGEMENT

Sec. 701. Under Secretary for Management.
Sec. 702. Chief Financial Officer.
Sec. 703. Chief Information Officer.
Sec. 704. Chief Human Capital Officer.
Sec. 705. Establishment of Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties.
Sec. 706. Consolidation and co-location of offices.
Sec. 707. Quadrennial Homeland Security Review.
Sec. 708. Joint Task Forces.
Sec. 709. Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans.
Sec. 710. Workforce health and medical support.

 TITLE VIII--COORDINATION WITH NON-FEDERAL ENTITIES; INSPECTOR GENERAL; 
      UNITED STATES SECRET SERVICE; COAST GUARD; GENERAL PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--Coordination with Non-Federal Entities

Sec. 801. Office for State and Local Government Coordination.

                      Subtitle B--Inspector General

Sec. 811. Authority of the Secretary.
Sec. 812. Law enforcement powers of Inspector General agents.

                Subtitle C--United States Secret Service

Sec. 821. Functions transferred.
Sec. 822. National Computer Forensics Institute.

                        Subtitle D--Acquisitions

Sec. 831. Research and development projects.
Sec. 832. Personal services.
Sec. 833. Special streamlined acquisition authority.
Sec. 834. Unsolicited proposals.
Sec. 835. Prohibition on contracts with corporate expatriates.

                 Subtitle E--Human Resources Management

Sec. 841. Establishment of Human Resources Management System.
Sec. 842. Labor-management relations.
Sec. 843. Use of counternarcotics enforcement activities in certain 
          employee performance appraisals.
Sec. 844. Homeland Security Rotation Program.
Sec. 845. Homeland Security Education Program.

          Subtitle F--Federal Emergency Procurement Flexibility

Sec. 851. Definition.
Sec. 852. Procurements for defense against or recovery from terrorism or 
          nuclear, biological, chemical, or radiological attack.
Sec. 853. Increased simplified acquisition threshold for procurements in 
          support of humanitarian or peacekeeping operations or 
          contingency operations.
Sec. 854. Increased micro-purchase threshold for certain procurements.
Sec. 855. Application of certain commercial items authorities to certain 
          procurements.
Sec. 856. Use of streamlined procedures.
Sec. 857. Review and report by Comptroller General.
Sec. 858. Identification of new entrants into the Federal marketplace.

 Subtitle G--Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies 
                               Act of 2002

Sec. 861. Short title.
Sec. 862. Administration.
Sec. 863. Litigation management.
Sec. 864. Risk management.
Sec. 865. Definitions.

                  Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 871. Advisory committees.
Sec. 872. Reorganization.
Sec. 873. Use of appropriated funds.
Sec. 874. Future Year Homeland Security Program.
Sec. 875. Miscellaneous authorities.
Sec. 876. Military activities.
Sec. 877. Regulatory authority and preemption.
Sec. 878. Counternarcotics officer.
Sec. 879. Office of International Affairs.
Sec. 880. Prohibition of the Terrorism Information and Prevention 
          System.
Sec. 881. Review of pay and benefit plans.
Sec. 882. Office for National Capital Region Coordination.
Sec. 883. Requirement to comply with laws protecting equal employment 
          opportunity and providing whistleblower protections.
Sec. 884. Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers.
Sec. 885. Joint Interagency Task Force.
Sec. 886. Sense of Congress reaffirming the continued importance and 
          applicability of the Posse Comitatus Act.
Sec. 887. Coordination with the Department of Health and Human Services 
          under the Public Health Service Act.
Sec. 888. Preserving Coast Guard mission performance.
Sec. 889. Homeland security funding analysis in President's budget.
Sec. 890. Air Transportation Safety and System Stabilization Act.
Sec. 890A. Cyber crimes center, child exploitation investigations unit, 
          computer forensics unit, and cyber crimes unit.

                     Subtitle I--Information Sharing

Sec. 891. Short title; findings; and sense of Congress.
Sec. 892. Facilitating homeland security information sharing procedures.
Sec. 893. Report.
Sec. 894. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 895. Authority to share grand jury information.
Sec. 896. Authority to share electronic, wire, and oral interception 
          information.
Sec. 897. Foreign intelligence information.
Sec. 898. Information acquired from an electronic surveillance.
Sec. 899. Information acquired from a physical search.

             Subtitle J--Secure Handling of Ammonium Nitrate

Sec. 899A. Definitions.
Sec. 899B. Regulation of the sale and transfer of ammonium nitrate.
Sec. 899C. Inspection and auditing of records.
Sec. 899D. Administrative provisions.
Sec. 899E. Theft reporting requirement.
Sec. 899F. Prohibitions and penalty.
Sec. 899G. Protection from civil liability.
Sec. 899H. Preemption of other laws.
Sec. 899I. Deadlines for regulations.
Sec. 899J. Authorization of appropriations.

              TITLE IX--NATIONAL HOMELAND SECURITY COUNCIL

Sec. 901. National Homeland Security Council.
Sec. 902. Function.
Sec. 903. Membership.
Sec. 904. Other functions and activities.
Sec. 905. Staff composition.
Sec. 906. Relation to the National Security Council.

                      TITLE X--INFORMATION SECURITY

Sec. 1001. Information security.
Sec. 1002. Management of information technology.
Sec. 1003. National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Sec. 1004. Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board.
Sec. 1005. Technical and conforming amendments.
Sec. 1006. Construction.

                TITLE XI--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DIVISIONS

           Subtitle A--Executive Office for Immigration Review

Sec. 1101. Legal status of EOIR.
Sec. 1102. Authorities of the Attorney General.
Sec. 1103. Statutory construction.

 Subtitle B--Transfer of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms to 
                        the Department of Justice

Sec. 1111. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives.
Sec. 1112. Technical and conforming amendments.
Sec. 1113. Powers of agents of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, 
          and Explosives.
Sec. 1114. Explosives training and research facility.
Sec. 1115. Personnel management demonstration project.

                         Subtitle C--Explosives

Sec. 1121. Short title.
Sec. 1122. Permits for purchasers of explosives.
Sec. 1123. Persons prohibited from receiving or possessing explosive 
          materials.
Sec. 1124. Requirement to provide samples of explosive materials and 
          ammonium nitrate.
Sec. 1125. Destruction of property of institutions receiving Federal 
          financial assistance.
Sec. 1126. Relief from disabilities.
Sec. 1127. Theft reporting requirement.
Sec. 1128. Authorization of appropriations.

            TITLE XII--AIRLINE WAR RISK INSURANCE LEGISLATION

Sec. 1201. Air carrier liability for third party claims arising out of 
          acts of terrorism.
Sec. 1202. Extension of insurance policies.
Sec. 1203. Correction of reference.
Sec. 1204. Report.

                TITLE XIII--FEDERAL WORKFORCE IMPROVEMENT

                Subtitle A--Chief Human Capital Officers

Sec. 1301. Short title.
Sec. 1302. Agency Chief Human Capital Officers.
Sec. 1303. Chief Human Capital Officers Council.
Sec. 1304. Strategic human capital management.
Sec. 1305. Effective date.

    Subtitle B--Reforms Relating to Federal Human Capital Management

Sec. 1311. Inclusion of agency human capital strategic planning in 
          performance plans and programs performance reports.
Sec. 1312. Reform of the competitive service hiring process.
Sec. 1313. Permanent extension, revision, and expansion of authorities 
          for use of voluntary separation incentive pay and voluntary 
          early retirement.
Sec. 1314. Student volunteer transit subsidy.

      Subtitle C--Reforms Relating to the Senior Executive Service

Sec. 1321. Repeal of recertification requirements of senior executives.
Sec. 1322. Adjustment of limitation on total annual compensation.

                      Subtitle D--Academic Training

Sec. 1331. Academic training.
Sec. 1332. Modifications to National Security Education Program.

               TITLE XIV--ARMING PILOTS AGAINST TERRORISM

Sec. 1401. Short title.
Sec. 1402. Federal Flight Deck Officer Program.
Sec. 1403. Crew training.
Sec. 1404. Commercial airline security study.
Sec. 1405. Authority to arm flight deck crew with less-than-lethal 
          weapons.
Sec. 1406. Technical amendments.

                          TITLE XV--TRANSITION

                     Subtitle A--Reorganization Plan

Sec. 1501. Definitions.
Sec. 1502. Reorganization plan.
Sec. 1503. Review of congressional committee structures.

                   Subtitle B--Transitional Provisions

Sec. 1511. Transitional authorities.
Sec. 1512. Savings provisions.
Sec. 1513. Terminations.
Sec. 1514. National identification system not authorized.
Sec. 1515. Continuity of Inspector General oversight.
Sec. 1516. Incidental transfers.
Sec. 1517. Reference.

                   TITLE XVI--TRANSPORTATION SECURITY

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 1601. Definitions.

     Subtitle B--Transportation Security Administration Acquisition 
                              Improvements

Sec. 1611. 5-year technology investment plan.
Sec. 1612. Acquisition justification and reports.
Sec. 1613. Acquisition baseline establishment and reports.
Sec. 1614. Inventory utilization.
Sec. 1615. Small business contracting goals.
Sec. 1616. Consistency with the Federal acquisition regulation and 
          departmental policies and directives.
1617. Diversified security technology industry marketplace. \2\
\2\ So in law. The items relating to sections 1617 and 1621 probably 
    should include ``Sec.''.

         Subtitle C--Maintenance of security-related technology

1621. Maintenance validation and oversight. \2\

             TITLE XVII--CONFORMING AND TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS

Sec. 1701. Inspector General Act of 1978.
Sec. 1702. Executive Schedule.
Sec. 1703. United States Secret Service.
Sec. 1704. Coast Guard.
Sec. 1705. Strategic national stockpile and smallpox vaccine 
          development.
Sec. 1706. Transfer of certain security and law enforcement functions 
          and authorities.
Sec. 1707. Transportation security regulations.
Sec. 1708. National Bio-Weapons Defense Analysis Center.
Sec. 1709. Collaboration with the Secretary of Homeland Security.
Sec. 1710. Railroad safety to include railroad security.
Sec. 1711. Hazmat safety to include hazmat security.
Sec. 1712. Office of Science and Technology Policy.
Sec. 1713. National Oceanographic Partnership Program.
Sec. 1714. Clarification of definition of manufacturer.
Sec. 1715. Clarification of definition of vaccine-related injury or 
          death.
Sec. 1716. Clarification of definition of vaccine.
Sec. 1717. Effective date.

                  TITLE XVIII--EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS

Sec. 1801. Emergency Communications Division.
Sec. 1802. National Emergency Communications Plan.
Sec. 1803. Assessments and reports.
Sec. 1804. Coordination of Federal emergency communications grant 
          programs.
Sec. 1805. Regional emergency communications coordination.
Sec. 1806. Emergency Communications Preparedness Center.
Sec. 1807. Urban and other high risk area communications capabilities.
Sec. 1808. Definition.
Sec. 1809. Interoperable Emergency Communications Grant Program.
Sec. 1810. Border interoperability demonstration project.

        TITLE XIX--COUNTERING WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION OFFICE

Sec. 1900. Definitions.

        Subtitle A--Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Office

Sec. 1901. Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Office.

                    Subtitle B--Mission of the Office

Sec. 1921. Mission of the Office.
Sec. 1922. Relationship to other Department components and Federal 
          agencies.
Sec. 1923. Responsibilities.
Sec. 1924. Hiring authority.
Sec. 1925. Testing authority.
Sec. 1926. Contracting and grant making authorities.
Sec. 1927. Joint annual interagency review of global nuclear detection 
          architecture.
Sec. 1928. Securing the Cities program.

                    Subtitle C--Chief Medical Officer

Sec. 1931. Chief Medical Officer.

                   TITLE XX--HOMELAND SECURITY GRANTS

Sec. 2001. Definitions.

         Subtitle A--Grants to States and High-Risk Urban Areas

Sec. 2002. Homeland Security Grant Programs.
Sec. 2003. Urban Area Security Initiative.
Sec. 2004. State Homeland Security Grant Program.
Sec. 2005. Grants to directly eligible tribes.
Sec. 2006. Terrorism prevention.
Sec. 2007. Prioritization.
Sec. 2008. Use of funds.

                    Subtitle B--Grants Administration

Sec. 2021. Administration and coordination.
Sec. 2022. Accountability.
Sec. 2023. Identification of reporting redundancies and development of 
          performance metrics.

          TITLE XXI--CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS

Sec. 2101. Definitions.
Sec. 2102. Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards Program.
Sec. 2103. Protection and sharing of information.- \3\
\3\ The em dash at the end of the item in the table of contents relating 
    to section 2103 is so in law.
Sec. 2104. Civil enforcement.
Sec. 2105. Whistleblower protections.
Sec. 2106. Relationship to other laws.
Sec. 2107. CFATS regulations.
Sec. 2108. Small covered chemical facilities.
Sec. 2109. Outreach to chemical facilities of interest.

      TITLE XXII--CYBERSECURITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE SECURITY AGENCY

          Subtitle A--Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security

Sec. 2201. Definitions.
Sec. 2202. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency.
Sec. 2203. Cybersecurity Division.
Sec. 2204. Infrastructure Security Division.
Sec. 2205. Enhancement of Federal and non-Federal cybersecurity.
Sec. 2206. Net guard.
Sec. 2207. Cyber Security Enhancement Act of 2002.
Sec. 2208. Cybersecurity recruitment and retention.
Sec. 2209. National cybersecurity and communications integration center.
Sec. 2210. Cybersecurity plans.
Sec. 2211. Cybersecurity strategy.
Sec. 2212. Clearances.
Sec. 2213. Federal intrusion detection and prevention system.
Sec. 2214. National Asset Database.

             Subtitle B--Critical Infrastructure Information

Sec. 2221. Short title.
Sec. 2222. Definitions.
Sec. 2223. Designation of critical infrastructure protection program.
Sec. 2224. Protection of voluntarily shared critical infrastructure 
          information.

SEC. 2. [6 U.S.C. 101] DEFINITIONS.

     In this Act, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Each of the terms ``American homeland'' and 
        ``homeland'' means the United States.
            (2) The term ``appropriate congressional 
        committee'' means any committee of the House of 
        Representatives or the Senate having legislative or 
        oversight jurisdiction under the Rules of the House of 
        Representatives or the Senate, respectively, over the 
        matter concerned.
            (3) The term ``assets'' includes contracts, 
        facilities, property, records, unobligated or 
        unexpended balances of appropriations, and other funds 
        or resources (other than personnel).
            (4) The term ``critical infrastructure'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 1016(e) of Public 
        Law 107-56 (42 U.S.C. 5195c(e)).
            (5) The term ``Department'' means the Department of 
        Homeland Security.
            (6) The term ``emergency response providers'' 
        includes Federal, State, and local governmental and 
        nongovernmental emergency public safety, fire, law 
        enforcement, emergency response, emergency medical 
        (including hospital emergency facilities), and related 
        personnel, agencies, and authorities.
            (7) The term ``EMP'' means an electromagnetic pulse 
        caused by a nuclear device or nonnuclear device, 
        including such a pulse caused by an act of terrorism.
            (8) The term ``executive agency'' means an 
        executive agency and a military department, as defined, 
        respectively, in sections 105 and 102 of title 5, 
        United States Code.
            (9) The term ``functions'' includes authorities, 
        powers, rights, privileges, immunities, programs, 
        projects, activities, duties, and responsibilities.
            (10) The term ``GMD'' means a geomagnetic 
        disturbance caused by a solar storm or another 
        naturally occurring phenomenon.
            (11) The term ``intelligence component of the 
        Department'' means any element or entity of the 
        Department that collects, gathers, processes, analyzes, 
        produces, or disseminates intelligence information 
        within the scope of the information sharing 
        environment, including homeland security information, 
        terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction 
        information, or national intelligence, as defined under 
        section 3(5) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
        U.S.C. 401a(5)), except--
                    (A) the United States Secret Service; and
                    (B) the Coast Guard, when operating under 
                the direct authority of the Secretary of 
                Defense or Secretary of the Navy pursuant to 
                section 3 of title 14, United States Code, 
                except that nothing in this paragraph shall 
                affect or diminish the authority and 
                responsibilities of the Commandant of the Coast 
                Guard to command or control the Coast Guard as 
                an armed force or the authority of the Director 
                of National Intelligence with respect to the 
                Coast Guard as an element of the intelligence 
                community (as defined under section 3(4) of the 
                National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
                401a(4)).
            (12) The term ``key resources'' means publicly or 
        privately controlled resources essential to the minimal 
        operations of the economy and government.
            (13) The term ``local government'' means--
                    (A) a county, municipality, city, town, 
                township, local public authority, school 
                district, special district, intrastate 
                district, council of governments (regardless of 
                whether the council of governments is 
                incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under 
                State law), regional or interstate government 
                entity, or agency or instrumentality of a local 
                government;
                    (B) an Indian tribe or authorized tribal 
                organization, or in Alaska a Native village or 
                Alaska Regional Native Corporation; and
                    (C) a rural community, unincorporated town 
                or village, or other public entity.
            (14) The term ``major disaster'' has the meaning 
        given in section 102(2) of the Robert T. Stafford 
        Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
        5122).
            (15) The term ``personnel'' means officers and 
        employees.
            (16) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security.
            (17) The term ``State'' means any State of the 
        United States, the District of Columbia, the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, 
        American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands, and any possession of the United 
        States.
            (18) The term ``terrorism'' means any activity 
        that--
                    (A) involves an act that--
                            (i) is dangerous to human life or 
                        potentially destructive of critical 
                        infrastructure or key resources; and
                            (ii) is a violation of the criminal 
                        laws of the United States or of any 
                        State or other subdivision of the 
                        United States; and
                    (B) appears to be intended--
                            (i) to intimidate or coerce a 
                        civilian population;
                            (ii) to influence the policy of a 
                        government by intimidation or coercion; 
                        or
                            (iii) to affect the conduct of a 
                        government by mass destruction, 
                        assassination, or kidnapping.
            (19)(A) The term ``United States'', when used in a 
        geographic sense, means any State of the United States, 
        the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
        Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, any 
        possession of the United States, and any waters within 
        the jurisdiction of the United States.
            (B) Nothing in this paragraph or any other 
        provision of this Act shall be construed to modify the 
        definition of ``United States'' for the purposes of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act or any other 
        immigration or nationality law.
            (20) The term ``voluntary preparedness standards'' 
        means a common set of criteria for preparedness, 
        disaster management, emergency management, and business 
        continuity programs, such as the American National 
        Standards Institute's National Fire Protection 
        Association Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management 
        and Business Continuity Programs (ANSI/NFPA 1600).

SEC. 3. [6 U.S.C. 102] CONSTRUCTION; SEVERABILITY.

    Any provision of this Act held to be invalid or 
unenforceable by its terms, or as applied to any person or 
circumstance, shall be construed so as to give it the maximum 
effect permitted by law, unless such holding shall be one of 
utter invalidity or unenforceability, in which event such 
provision shall be deemed severable from this Act and shall not 
affect the remainder thereof, or the application of such 
provision to other persons not similarly situated or to other, 
dissimilar circumstances.

SEC. 4. [6 U.S.C. 101 NOTE] EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This Act shall take effect 60 days after the date of 
enactment.

                TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

SEC. 101. [6 U.S.C. 111] EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT; MISSION.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established a Department of 
Homeland Security, as an executive department of the United 
States within the meaning of title 5, United States Code.
    (b) Mission.--
            (1) In general.--The primary mission of the 
        Department is to--
                    (A) prevent terrorist attacks within the 
                United States;
                    (B) reduce the vulnerability of the United 
                States to terrorism;
                    (C) minimize the damage, and assist in the 
                recovery, from terrorist attacks that do occur 
                within the United States;
                    (D) carry out all functions of entities 
                transferred to the Department, including by 
                acting as a focal point regarding natural and 
                manmade crises and emergency planning;
                    (E) ensure that the functions of the 
                agencies and subdivisions within the Department 
                that are not related directly to securing the 
                homeland are not diminished or neglected except 
                by a specific explicit Act of Congress;
                    (F) ensure that the overall economic 
                security of the United States is not diminished 
                by efforts, activities, and programs aimed at 
                securing the homeland;
                    (G) ensure that the civil rights and civil 
                liberties of persons are not diminished by 
                efforts, activities, and programs aimed at 
                securing the homeland; and
                    (H) monitor connections between illegal 
                drug trafficking and terrorism, coordinate 
                efforts to sever such connections, and 
                otherwise contribute to efforts to interdict 
                illegal drug trafficking.
            (2) Responsibility for investigating and 
        prosecuting terrorism.--Except as specifically provided 
        by law with respect to entities transferred to the 
        Department under this Act, primary responsibility for 
        investigating and prosecuting acts of terrorism shall 
        be vested not in the Department, but rather in Federal, 
        State, and local law enforcement agencies with 
        jurisdiction over the acts in question.

SEC. 102. [6 U.S.C. 112] SECRETARY; FUNCTIONS.

    (a) Secretary.--
            (1) In general.--There is a Secretary of Homeland 
        Security, appointed by the President, by and with the 
        advice and consent of the Senate.
            (2) Head of department.--The Secretary is the head 
        of the Department and shall have direction, authority, 
        and control over it.
            (3) Functions vested in secretary.--All functions 
        of all officers, employees, and organizational units of 
        the Department are vested in the Secretary.
    (b) Functions.--The Secretary--
            (1) except as otherwise provided by this Act, may 
        delegate any of the Secretary's functions to any 
        officer, employee, or organizational unit of the 
        Department;
            (2) shall have the authority to make contracts, 
        grants, and cooperative agreements, and to enter into 
        agreements with other executive agencies, as may be 
        necessary and proper to carry out the Secretary's 
        responsibilities under this Act or otherwise provided 
        by law; and
            (3) shall take reasonable steps to ensure that 
        information systems and databases of the Department are 
        compatible with each other and with appropriate 
        databases of other Departments.
    (c) Coordination With Non-Federal Entities.--With respect 
to homeland security, the Secretary shall coordinate through 
the Office of State and Local Coordination (established under 
section 801) (including the provision of training and 
equipment) with State and local government personnel, agencies, 
and authorities, with the private sector, and with other 
entities, including by--
            (1) coordinating with State and local government 
        personnel, agencies, and authorities, and with the 
        private sector, to ensure adequate planning, equipment, 
        training, and exercise activities;
            (2) coordinating and, as appropriate, 
        consolidating, the Federal Government's communications 
        and systems of communications relating to homeland 
        security with State and local government personnel, 
        agencies, and authorities, the private sector, other 
        entities, and the public; and
            (3) distributing or, as appropriate, coordinating 
        the distribution of, warnings and information to State 
        and local government personnel, agencies, and 
        authorities and to the public.
    (d) Meetings of National Security Council.--The Secretary 
may, subject to the direction of the President, attend and 
participate in meetings of the National Security Council.
    (e) Issuance of Regulations.--The issuance of regulations 
by the Secretary shall be governed by the provisions of chapter 
5 of title 5, United States Code, except as specifically 
provided in this Act, in laws granting regulatory authorities 
that are transferred by this Act, and in laws enacted after the 
date of enactment of this Act.
    (f) Special Assistant to the Secretary.--The Secretary 
shall appoint a Special Assistant to the Secretary who shall be 
responsible for--
            (1) creating and fostering strategic communications 
        with the private sector to enhance the primary mission 
        of the Department to protect the American homeland;
            (2) advising the Secretary on the impact of the 
        Department's policies, regulations, processes, and 
        actions on the private sector;
            (3) interfacing with other relevant Federal 
        agencies with homeland security missions to assess the 
        impact of these agencies' actions on the private 
        sector;
            (4) creating and managing private sector advisory 
        councils composed of representatives of industries and 
        associations designated by the Secretary to--
                    (A) advise the Secretary on private sector 
                products, applications, and solutions as they 
                relate to homeland security challenges;
                    (B) advise the Secretary on homeland 
                security policies, regulations, processes, and 
                actions that affect the participating 
                industries and associations; and
                    (C) advise the Secretary on private sector 
                preparedness issues, including effective 
                methods for--
                            (i) promoting voluntary 
                        preparedness standards to the private 
                        sector; and
                            (ii) assisting the private sector 
                        in adopting voluntary preparedness 
                        standards;
            (5) working with Federal laboratories, federally 
        funded research and development centers, other 
        federally funded organizations, academia, and the 
        private sector to develop innovative approaches to 
        address homeland security challenges to produce and 
        deploy the best available technologies for homeland 
        security missions;
            (6) promoting existing public-private partnerships 
        and developing new public-private partnerships to 
        provide for collaboration and mutual support to address 
        homeland security challenges;
            (7) assisting in the development and promotion of 
        private sector best practices to secure critical 
        infrastructure;
            (8) providing information to the private sector 
        regarding voluntary preparedness standards and the 
        business justification for preparedness and promoting 
        to the private sector the adoption of voluntary 
        preparedness standards;
            (9) coordinating industry efforts, with respect to 
        functions of the Department of Homeland Security, to 
        identify private sector resources and capabilities that 
        could be effective in supplementing Federal, State, and 
        local government agency efforts to prevent or respond 
        to a terrorist attack;
            (10) coordinating with the Commissioner of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection and the Assistant 
        Secretary for Trade Development of the Department of 
        Commerce on issues related to the travel and tourism 
        industries; and
            (11) consulting with the Office of State and Local 
        Government Coordination and Preparedness on all matters 
        of concern to the private sector, including the tourism 
        industry.
    (g) Standards Policy.--All standards activities of the 
Department shall be conducted in accordance with section 12(d) 
of the National Technology Transfer Advancement Act of 1995 (15 
U.S.C. 272 note) and Office of Management and Budget Circular 
A-119.

SEC. 103. [6 U.S.C. 113] OTHER OFFICERS.

    (a) Deputy Secretary; Under Secretaries.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided under paragraph 
        (2), there are the following officers, appointed by the 
        President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
        Senate:
                    (A) A Deputy Secretary of Homeland 
                Security, who shall be the Secretary's first 
                assistant for purposes of subchapter III of 
                chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code.
                    (B) An Under Secretary for Science and 
                Technology.
                    (C) A Commissioner of U.S. Customs and 
                Border Protection.
                    (D) An Administrator of the Federal 
                Emergency Management Agency.
                    (E) A Director of the Bureau of Citizenship 
                and Immigration Services.
                    (F) An Under Secretary for Management, who 
                shall be first assistant to the Deputy 
                Secretary of Homeland Security for purposes of 
                subchapter III of chapter 33 of title 5, United 
                States Code.
                    (G) A Director of U.S. Immigration and 
                Customs Enforcement.
                    (H) A Director of the Cybersecurity and 
                Infrastructure Security Agency.
                    (I) Not more than 12 Assistant Secretaries.
                    (J) A General Counsel, who shall be the 
                chief legal officer of the Department.
                    (K) An Under Secretary for Strategy, 
                Policy, and Plans.
            (2) Assistant secretaries.--If any of the Assistant 
        Secretaries referred to under paragraph (1)(I) is 
        designated to be the Assistant Secretary for Health 
        Affairs, the Assistant Secretary for Legislative 
        Affairs, or the Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs, 
        that Assistant Secretary shall be appointed by the 
        President without the advice and consent of the Senate.
    (b) Inspector General.--There shall be in the Department an 
Office of Inspector General and an Inspector General at the 
head of such office, as provided in the Inspector General Act 
of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.).
    (c) Commandant of the Coast Guard.--To assist the Secretary 
in the performance of the Secretary's functions, there is a 
Commandant of the Coast Guard, who shall be appointed as 
provided in section 44 of title 14, United States Code, and who 
shall report directly to the Secretary. In addition to such 
duties as may be provided in this Act and as assigned to the 
Commandant by the Secretary, the duties of the Commandant shall 
include those required by section 2 of title 14, United States 
Code.
    (d) Other Officers.--To assist the Secretary in the 
performance of the Secretary's functions, there are the 
following officers, appointed by the President:
            (1) A Director of the Secret Service.
            (2) A Chief Information Officer.
            (3) An Officer for Civil Rights and Civil 
        Liberties.
            (4) An Assistant Secretary for the Countering 
        Weapons of Mass Destruction Office.
            (5) Any Director of a Joint Task Force under 
        section 708.
    (e) Chief Financial Officer.--There shall be in the 
Department a Chief Financial Officer, as provided in chapter 9 
of title 31, United States Code.
    (f) Performance of Specific Functions.--Subject to the 
provisions of this Act, every officer of the Department shall 
perform the functions specified by law for the official's 
office or prescribed by the Secretary.
    (g) Vacancies.--
            (1) Absence, disability, or vacancy of secretary or 
        deputy secretary.--Notwithstanding chapter 33 of title 
        5, United States Code, the Under Secretary for 
        Management shall serve as the Acting Secretary if by 
        reason of absence, disability, or vacancy in office, 
        neither the Secretary nor Deputy Secretary is available 
        to exercise the duties of the Office of the Secretary.
            (2) Further order of succession.--Notwithstanding 
        chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, the 
        Secretary may designate such other officers of the 
        Department in further order of succession to serve as 
        Acting Secretary.
            (3) Notification of vacancies.--The Secretary shall 
        notify the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Homeland Security of the House of Representatives of 
        any vacancies that require notification under sections 
        3345 through 3349d of title 5, United States Code 
        (commonly known as the ``Federal Vacancies Reform Act 
        of 1998'').

                     TITLE II--INFORMATION ANALYSIS

      Subtitle A--Information and Analysis; Access to Information

SEC. 201. [6 U.S.C. 121] INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS.

    (a) Intelligence and Analysis.--There shall be in the 
Department an Office of Intelligence and Analysis.
    (b) Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis.--
            (1) Office of intelligence and analysis.--The 
        Office of Intelligence and Analysis shall be headed by 
        an Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, who 
        shall be appointed by the President, by and with the 
        advice and consent of the Senate.
            (2) Chief intelligence officer.--The Under 
        Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis shall serve as 
        the Chief Intelligence Officer of the Department.
    (c) Discharge of Responsibilities.--The Secretary shall 
ensure that the responsibilities of the Department relating to 
information analysis, including those described in subsection 
(d), are carried out through the Under Secretary for 
Intelligence and Analysis.
    (d) Responsibilities of Secretary Relating To Intelligence 
and Analysis.--The responsibilities of the Secretary relating 
to intelligence and analysis shall be as follows:
            (1) To access, receive, and analyze law enforcement 
        information, intelligence information, and other 
        information from agencies of the Federal Government, 
        State and local government agencies (including law 
        enforcement agencies), and private sector entities, and 
        to integrate such information, in support of the 
        mission responsibilities of the Department and the 
        functions of the National Counterterrorism Center 
        established under section 119 of the National Security 
        Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 404o), in order to--
                    (A) identify and assess the nature and 
                scope of terrorist threats to the homeland;
                    (B) detect and identify threats of 
                terrorism against the United States; and
                    (C) understand such threats in light of 
                actual and potential vulnerabilities of the 
                homeland.
            (2) To carry out comprehensive assessments of the 
        vulnerabilities of the key resources and critical 
        infrastructure of the United States, including the 
        performance of risk assessments to determine the risks 
        posed by particular types of terrorist attacks within 
        the United States (including an assessment of the 
        probability of success of such attacks and the 
        feasibility and potential efficacy of various 
        countermeasures to such attacks).
            (3) To integrate relevant information, analysis, 
        and vulnerability assessments (regardless of whether 
        such information, analysis or assessments are provided 
        by or produced by the Department) in order to--
                    (A) identify priorities for protective and 
                support measures regarding terrorist and other 
                threats to homeland security by the Department, 
                other agencies of the Federal Government, 
                State, and local government agencies and 
                authorities, the private sector, and other 
                entities; and
                    (B) prepare finished intelligence and 
                information products in both classified and 
                unclassified formats, as appropriate, whenever 
                reasonably expected to be of benefit to a 
                State, local, or tribal government (including a 
                State, local, or tribal law enforcement agency) 
                or a private sector entity.
            (4) To ensure, pursuant to section 202, the timely 
        and efficient access by the Department to all 
        information necessary to discharge the responsibilities 
        under this section, including obtaining such 
        information from other agencies of the Federal 
        Government.
            (5) To review, analyze, and make recommendations 
        for improvements to the policies and procedures 
        governing the sharing of information within the scope 
        of the information sharing environment established 
        under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and 
        Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485), 
        including homeland security information, terrorism 
        information, and weapons of mass destruction 
        information, and any policies, guidelines, procedures, 
        instructions, or standards established under that 
        section.
            (6) To disseminate, as appropriate, information 
        analyzed by the Department within the Department, to 
        other agencies of the Federal Government with 
        responsibilities relating to homeland security, and to 
        agencies of State and local governments and private 
        sector entities with such responsibilities in order to 
        assist in the deterrence, prevention, preemption of, or 
        response to, terrorist attacks against the United 
        States.
            (7) To consult with the Director of National 
        Intelligence and other appropriate intelligence, law 
        enforcement, or other elements of the Federal 
        Government to establish collection priorities and 
        strategies for information, including law enforcement-
        related information, relating to threats of terrorism 
        against the United States through such means as the 
        representation of the Department in discussions 
        regarding requirements and priorities in the collection 
        of such information.
            (8) To consult with State and local governments and 
        private sector entities to ensure appropriate exchanges 
        of information, including law enforcement-related 
        information, relating to threats of terrorism against 
        the United States.
            (9) To ensure that--
                    (A) any material received pursuant to this 
                Act is protected from unauthorized disclosure 
                and handled and used only for the performance 
                of official duties; and
                    (B) any intelligence information under this 
                Act is shared, retained, and disseminated 
                consistent with the authority of the Director 
                of National Intelligence to protect 
                intelligence sources and methods under the 
                National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401 et 
                seq.) and related procedures and, as 
                appropriate, similar authorities of the 
                Attorney General concerning sensitive law 
                enforcement information.
            (10) To request additional information from other 
        agencies of the Federal Government, State and local 
        government agencies, and the private sector relating to 
        threats of terrorism in the United States, or relating 
        to other areas of responsibility assigned by the 
        Secretary, including the entry into cooperative 
        agreements through the Secretary to obtain such 
        information.
            (11) To establish and utilize, in conjunction with 
        the chief information officer of the Department, a 
        secure communications and information technology 
        infrastructure, including data-mining and other 
        advanced analytical tools, in order to access, receive, 
        and analyze data and information in furtherance of the 
        responsibilities under this section, and to disseminate 
        information acquired and analyzed by the Department, as 
        appropriate.
            (12) To ensure, in conjunction with the chief 
        information officer of the Department, that any 
        information databases and analytical tools developed or 
        utilized by the Department--
                    (A) are compatible with one another and 
                with relevant information databases of other 
                agencies of the Federal Government; and
                    (B) treat information in such databases in 
                a manner that complies with applicable Federal 
                law on privacy.
            (13) To coordinate training and other support to 
        the elements and personnel of the Department, other 
        agencies of the Federal Government, and State and local 
        governments that provide information to the Department, 
        or are consumers of information provided by the 
        Department, in order to facilitate the identification 
        and sharing of information revealed in their ordinary 
        duties and the optimal utilization of information 
        received from the Department.
            (14) To coordinate with elements of the 
        intelligence community and with Federal, State, and 
        local law enforcement agencies, and the private sector, 
        as appropriate.
            (15) To provide intelligence and information 
        analysis and support to other elements of the 
        Department.
            (16) To coordinate and enhance integration among 
        the intelligence components of the Department, 
        including through strategic oversight of the 
        intelligence activities of such components.
            (17) To establish the intelligence collection, 
        processing, analysis, and dissemination priorities, 
        policies, processes, standards, guidelines, and 
        procedures for the intelligence components of the 
        Department, consistent with any directions from the 
        President and, as applicable, the Director of National 
        Intelligence.
            (18) To establish a structure and process to 
        support the missions and goals of the intelligence 
        components of the Department.
            (19) To ensure that, whenever possible, the 
        Department--
                    (A) produces and disseminates unclassified 
                reports and analytic products based on open-
                source information; and
                    (B) produces and disseminates such reports 
                and analytic products contemporaneously with 
                reports or analytic products concerning the 
                same or similar information that the Department 
                produced and disseminated in a classified 
                format.
            (20) To establish within the Office of Intelligence 
        and Analysis an internal continuity of operations plan.
            (21) Based on intelligence priorities set by the 
        President, and guidance from the Secretary and, as 
        appropriate, the Director of National Intelligence--
                    (A) to provide to the heads of each 
                intelligence component of the Department 
                guidance for developing the budget pertaining 
                to the activities of such component; and
                    (B) to present to the Secretary a 
                recommendation for a consolidated budget for 
                the intelligence components of the Department, 
                together with any comments from the heads of 
                such components.
            (22) To perform such other duties relating to such 
        responsibilities as the Secretary may provide.
            (23)(A) Not later than six months after the date of 
        the enactment of this paragraph, to conduct an 
        intelligence-based review and comparison of the risks 
        and consequences of EMP and GMD facing critical 
        infrastructure, and submit to the Committee on Homeland 
        Security and the Permanent Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
        and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        Senate--
                            (i) a recommended strategy to 
                        protect and prepare the critical 
                        infrastructure of the homeland against 
                        threats of EMP and GMD; and
                            (ii) not less frequently than every 
                        two years thereafter for the next six 
                        years, updates of the recommended 
                        strategy.
                    (B) The recommended strategy under 
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                            (i) be based on findings of the 
                        research and development conducted 
                        under section 320;
                            (ii) be developed in consultation 
                        with the relevant Federal sector-
                        specific agencies (as defined under 
                        Presidential Policy Directive-21) for 
                        critical infrastructure;
                            (iii) be developed in consultation 
                        with the relevant sector coordinating 
                        councils for critical infrastructure;
                            (iv) be informed, to the extent 
                        practicable, by the findings of the 
                        intelligence-based review and 
                        comparison of the risks and 
                        consequences of EMP and GMD facing 
                        critical infrastructure conducted under 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                            (v) be submitted in unclassified 
                        form, but may include a classified 
                        annex.
                    (C) The Secretary may, if appropriate, 
                incorporate the recommended strategy into a 
                broader recommendation developed by the 
                Department to help protect and prepare critical 
                infrastructure from terrorism, cyber attacks, 
                and other threats if, as incorporated, the 
                recommended strategy complies with subparagraph 
                (B).
    (e) Staff.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide the 
        Office of Intelligence and Analysis with a staff of 
        analysts having appropriate expertise and experience to 
        assist such offices in discharging responsibilities 
        under this section.
            (2) Private sector analysts.--Analysts under this 
        subsection may include analysts from the private 
        sector.
            (3) Security clearances.--Analysts under this 
        subsection shall possess security clearances 
        appropriate for their work under this section.
    (f) Detail of Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--In order to assist the Office of 
        Intelligence and Analysis in discharging 
        responsibilities under this section, personnel of the 
        agencies referred to in paragraph (2) may be detailed 
        to the Department for the performance of analytic 
        functions and related duties.
            (2) Covered agencies.--The agencies referred to in 
        this paragraph are as follows:
                    (A) The Department of State.
                    (B) The Central Intelligence Agency.
                    (C) The Federal Bureau of Investigation.
                    (D) The National Security Agency.
                    (E) The National Geospatial-Intelligence 
                Agency.
                    (F) The Defense Intelligence Agency.
                    (G) Any other agency of the Federal 
                Government that the President considers 
                appropriate.
            (3) Cooperative agreements.--The Secretary and the 
        head of the agency concerned may enter into cooperative 
        agreements for the purpose of detailing personnel under 
        this subsection.
            (4) Basis.--The detail of personnel under this 
        subsection may be on a reimbursable or non-reimbursable 
        basis.
    (g) Functions Transferred.--In accordance with title XV, 
there shall be transferred to the Secretary, for assignment to 
the Office of Intelligence and Analysis and the Office of 
Infrastructure Protection under this section, the functions, 
personnel, assets, and liabilities of the following:
            (1) The National Infrastructure Protection Center 
        of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (other than the 
        Computer Investigations and Operations Section), 
        including the functions of the Attorney General 
        relating thereto.
            (2) The National Communications System of the 
        Department of Defense, including the functions of the 
        Secretary of Defense relating thereto.
            (3) The Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office of 
        the Department of Commerce, including the functions of 
        the Secretary of Commerce relating thereto.
            (4) The National Infrastructure Simulation and 
        Analysis Center of the Department of Energy and the 
        energy security and assurance program and activities of 
        the Department, including the functions of the 
        Secretary of Energy relating thereto.
            (5) The Federal Computer Incident Response Center 
        of the General Services Administration, including the 
        functions of the Administrator of General Services 
        relating thereto.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 202. [6 U.S.C. 122] ACCESS TO INFORMATION.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Threat and vulnerability information.--Except 
        as otherwise directed by the President, the Secretary 
        shall have such access as the Secretary considers 
        necessary to all information, including reports, 
        assessments, analyses, and unevaluated intelligence 
        relating to threats of terrorism against the United 
        States and to other areas of responsibility assigned by 
        the Secretary, and to all information concerning 
        infrastructure or other vulnerabilities of the United 
        States to terrorism, whether or not such information 
        has been analyzed, that may be collected, possessed, or 
        prepared by any agency of the Federal Government.
            (2) Other information.--The Secretary shall also 
        have access to other information relating to matters 
        under the responsibility of the Secretary that may be 
        collected, possessed, or prepared by an agency of the 
        Federal Government as the President may further 
        provide.
    (b) Manner of Access.--Except as otherwise directed by the 
President, with respect to information to which the Secretary 
has access pursuant to this section--
            (1) the Secretary may obtain such material upon 
        request, and may enter into cooperative arrangements 
        with other executive agencies to provide such material 
        or provide Department officials with access to it on a 
        regular or routine basis, including requests or 
        arrangements involving broad categories of material, 
        access to electronic databases, or both; and
            (2) regardless of whether the Secretary has made 
        any request or entered into any cooperative arrangement 
        pursuant to paragraph (1), all agencies of the Federal 
        Government shall promptly provide to the Secretary--
                    (A) all reports (including information 
                reports containing intelligence which has not 
                been fully evaluated), assessments, and 
                analytical information relating to threats of 
                terrorism against the United States and to 
                other areas of responsibility assigned by the 
                Secretary;
                    (B) all information concerning the 
                vulnerability of the infrastructure of the 
                United States, or other vulnerabilities of the 
                United States, to terrorism, whether or not 
                such information has been analyzed;
                    (C) all other information relating to 
                significant and credible threats of terrorism 
                against the United States, whether or not such 
                information has been analyzed; and
                    (D) such other information or material as 
                the President may direct.
    (c) Treatment Under Certain Laws.--The Secretary shall be 
deemed to be a Federal law enforcement, intelligence, 
protective, national defense, immigration, or national security 
official, and shall be provided with all information from law 
enforcement agencies that is required to be given to the 
Director of National Intelligence, under any provision of the 
following:
            (1) The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-
        56).
            (2) Section 2517(6) of title 18, United States 
        Code.
            (3) Rule 6(e)(3)(C) of the Federal Rules of 
        Criminal Procedure.
    (d) Access to Intelligence and Other Information.--
            (1) Access by elements of federal government.--
        Nothing in this title shall preclude any element of the 
        intelligence community (as that term is defined in 
        section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
        U.S.C. 401a(4)), or any other element of the Federal 
        Government with responsibility for analyzing terrorist 
        threat information, from receiving any intelligence or 
        other information relating to terrorism.
            (2) Sharing of information.--The Secretary, in 
        consultation with the Director of National 
        Intelligence, shall work to ensure that intelligence or 
        other information relating to terrorism to which the 
        Department has access is appropriately shared with the 
        elements of the Federal Government referred to in 
        paragraph (1), as well as with State and local 
        governments, as appropriate.

SEC. 203. [6 U.S.C. 124] HOMELAND SECURITY ADVISORY SYSTEM.

    (a) Requirement.--The Secretary shall administer the 
Homeland Security Advisory System in accordance with this 
section to provide advisories or warnings regarding the threat 
or risk that acts of terrorism will be committed on the 
homeland to Federal, State, local, and tribal government 
authorities and to the people of the United States, as 
appropriate. The Secretary shall exercise primary 
responsibility for providing such advisories or warnings.
    (b) Required Elements.--In administering the Homeland 
Security Advisory System, the Secretary shall--
            (1) establish criteria for the issuance and 
        revocation of such advisories or warnings;
            (2) develop a methodology, relying on the criteria 
        established under paragraph (1), for the issuance and 
        revocation of such advisories or warnings;
            (3) provide, in each such advisory or warning, 
        specific information and advice regarding appropriate 
        protective measures and countermeasures that may be 
        taken in response to the threat or risk, at the maximum 
        level of detail practicable to enable individuals, 
        government entities, emergency response providers, and 
        the private sector to act appropriately;
            (4) whenever possible, limit the scope of each such 
        advisory or warning to a specific region, locality, or 
        economic sector believed to be under threat or at risk; 
        and
            (5) not, in issuing any advisory or warning, use 
        color designations as the exclusive means of specifying 
        homeland security threat conditions that are the 
        subject of the advisory or warning.

SEC. 204. [6 U.S.C. 124A] HOMELAND SECURITY INFORMATION SHARING.

    (a) Information Sharing.--Consistent with section 1016 of 
the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 
U.S.C. 485), the Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary 
for Intelligence and Analysis, shall integrate the information 
and standardize the format of the products of the intelligence 
components of the Department containing homeland security 
information, terrorism information, weapons of mass destruction 
information, or national intelligence (as defined in section 
3(5) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5))) 
except for any internal security protocols or personnel 
information of such intelligence components, or other 
administrative processes that are administered by any chief 
security officer of the Department.
    (b) Information Sharing and Knowledge Management 
Officers.--For each intelligence component of the Department, 
the Secretary shall designate an information sharing and 
knowledge management officer who shall report to the Under 
Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis regarding coordinating 
the different systems used in the Department to gather and 
disseminate homeland security information or national 
intelligence (as defined in section 3(5) of the National 
Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5))).
    (c) State, Local, and Private-Sector Sources of 
Information.--
            (1) Establishment of business processes.--The 
        Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for 
        Intelligence and Analysis or the Director of the 
        Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, as 
        appropriate, shall--
                    (A) establish Department-wide procedures 
                for the review and analysis of information 
                provided by State, local, and tribal 
                governments and the private sector;
                    (B) as appropriate, integrate such 
                information into the information gathered by 
                the Department and other departments and 
                agencies of the Federal Government; and
                    (C) make available such information, as 
                appropriate, within the Department and to other 
                departments and agencies of the Federal 
                Government.
            (2) Feedback.--The Secretary shall develop 
        mechanisms to provide feedback regarding the analysis 
        and utility of information provided by any entity of 
        State, local, or tribal government or the private 
        sector that provides such information to the 
        Department.
    (d) Training and Evaluation of Employees.--
            (1) Training.--The Secretary, acting through the 
        Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis or the 
        Director of the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure 
        Security Agency, as appropriate, shall provide to 
        employees of the Department opportunities for training 
        and education to develop an understanding of--
                    (A) the definitions of homeland security 
                information and national intelligence (as 
                defined in section 3(5) of the National 
                Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5))); and
                    (B) how information available to such 
                employees as part of their duties--
                            (i) might qualify as homeland 
                        security information or national 
                        intelligence; and
                            (ii) might be relevant to the 
                        Office of Intelligence and Analysis and 
                        the intelligence components of the 
                        Department.
            (2) Evaluations.--The Under Secretary for 
        Intelligence and Analysis shall--
                    (A) on an ongoing basis, evaluate how 
                employees of the Office of Intelligence and 
                Analysis and the intelligence components of the 
                Department are utilizing homeland security 
                information or national intelligence, sharing 
                information within the Department, as described 
                in this title, and participating in the 
                information sharing environment established 
                under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform 
                and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 
                485); and
                    (B) provide to the appropriate component 
                heads regular reports regarding the evaluations 
                under subparagraph (A).

SEC. 205. [6 U.S.C. 124B] COMPREHENSIVE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY NETWORK 
                    ARCHITECTURE.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary, acting through the Under 
Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, shall establish, 
consistent with the policies and procedures developed under 
section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism 
Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485), and consistent with the 
enterprise architecture of the Department, a comprehensive 
information technology network architecture for the Office of 
Intelligence and Analysis that connects the various databases 
and related information technology assets of the Office of 
Intelligence and Analysis and the intelligence components of 
the Department in order to promote internal information sharing 
among the intelligence and other personnel of the Department.
    (b) Comprehensive Information Technology Network 
Architecture Defined.--The term ``comprehensive information 
technology network architecture'' means an integrated framework 
for evolving or maintaining existing information technology and 
acquiring new information technology to achieve the strategic 
management and information resources management goals of the 
Office of Intelligence and Analysis.

SEC. 206. [6 U.S.C. 124C] COORDINATION WITH INFORMATION SHARING 
                    ENVIRONMENT.

    (a) Guidance.--All activities to comply with sections 203, 
204, and 205 shall be--
            (1) consistent with any policies, guidelines, 
        procedures, instructions, or standards established 
        under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and 
        Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485);
            (2) implemented in coordination with, as 
        appropriate, the program manager for the information 
        sharing environment established under that section;
            (3) consistent with any applicable guidance issued 
        by the Director of National Intelligence; and
            (4) consistent with any applicable guidance issued 
        by the Secretary relating to the protection of law 
        enforcement information or proprietary information.
    (b) Consultation.--In carrying out the duties and 
responsibilities under this subtitle, the Under Secretary for 
Intelligence and Analysis shall take into account the views of 
the heads of the intelligence components of the Department.

SEC. 207. [6 U.S.C. 124D] INTELLIGENCE COMPONENTS.

     Subject to the direction and control of the Secretary, and 
consistent with any applicable guidance issued by the Director 
of National Intelligence, the responsibilities of the head of 
each intelligence component of the Department are as follows:
            (1) To ensure that the collection, processing, 
        analysis, and dissemination of information within the 
        scope of the information sharing environment, including 
        homeland security information, terrorism information, 
        weapons of mass destruction information, and national 
        intelligence (as defined in section 3(5) of the 
        National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5))), are 
        carried out effectively and efficiently in support of 
        the intelligence mission of the Department, as led by 
        the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis.
            (2) To otherwise support and implement the 
        intelligence mission of the Department, as led by the 
        Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis.
            (3) To incorporate the input of the Under Secretary 
        for Intelligence and Analysis with respect to 
        performance appraisals, bonus or award recommendations, 
        pay adjustments, and other forms of commendation.
            (4) To coordinate with the Under Secretary for 
        Intelligence and Analysis in developing policies and 
        requirements for the recruitment and selection of 
        intelligence officials of the intelligence component.
            (5) To advise and coordinate with the Under 
        Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis on any plan to 
        reorganize or restructure the intelligence component 
        that would, if implemented, result in realignments of 
        intelligence functions.
            (6) To ensure that employees of the intelligence 
        component have knowledge of, and comply with, the 
        programs and policies established by the Under 
        Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis and other 
        appropriate officials of the Department and that such 
        employees comply with all applicable laws and 
        regulations.
            (7) To perform such other activities relating to 
        such responsibilities as the Secretary may provide.

SEC. 208. [6 U.S.C. 124E] TRAINING FOR EMPLOYEES OF INTELLIGENCE 
                    COMPONENTS.

    The Secretary shall provide training and guidance for 
employees, officials, and senior executives of the intelligence 
components of the Department to develop knowledge of laws, 
regulations, operations, policies, procedures, and programs 
that are related to the functions of the Department relating to 
the collection, processing, analysis, and dissemination of 
information within the scope of the information sharing 
environment, including homeland security information, terrorism 
information, and weapons of mass destruction information, or 
national intelligence (as defined in section 3(5) of the 
National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5))).

SEC. 209. [6 U.S.C. 124F] INTELLIGENCE TRAINING DEVELOPMENT FOR STATE 
                    AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS.

    (a) Curriculum.--The Secretary, acting through the Under 
Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, shall--
            (1) develop a curriculum for training State, local, 
        and tribal government officials, including law 
        enforcement officers, intelligence analysts, and other 
        emergency response providers, in the intelligence cycle 
        and Federal laws, practices, and regulations regarding 
        the development, handling, and review of intelligence 
        and other information; and
            (2) ensure that the curriculum includes executive 
        level training for senior level State, local, and 
        tribal law enforcement officers, intelligence analysts, 
        and other emergency response providers.
    (b) Training.--To the extent possible, the Federal Law 
Enforcement Training Center and other existing Federal entities 
with the capacity and expertise to train State, local, and 
tribal government officials based on the curriculum developed 
under subsection (a) shall be used to carry out the training 
programs created under this section. If such entities do not 
have the capacity, resources, or capabilities to conduct such 
training, the Secretary may approve another entity to conduct 
such training.
    (c) Consultation.--In carrying out the duties described in 
subsection (a), the Under Secretary for Intelligence and 
Analysis shall consult with the Director of the Federal Law 
Enforcement Training Center, the Attorney General, the Director 
of National Intelligence, the Administrator of the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency, and other appropriate parties, 
such as private industry, institutions of higher education, 
nonprofit institutions, and other intelligence agencies of the 
Federal Government.

SEC. 210. [6 U.S.C. 124G] INFORMATION SHARING INCENTIVES.

    (a) Awards.--In making cash awards under chapter 45 of 
title 5, United States Code, the President or the head of an 
agency, in consultation with the program manager designated 
under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism 
Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485), may consider the success 
of an employee in appropriately sharing information within the 
scope of the information sharing environment established under 
that section, including homeland security information, 
terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction 
information, or national intelligence (as defined in section 
3(5) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(5)), 
in a manner consistent with any policies, guidelines, 
procedures, instructions, or standards established by the 
President or, as appropriate, the program manager of that 
environment for the implementation and management of that 
environment.
    (b) Other Incentives.--The head of each department or 
agency described in section 1016(i) of the Intelligence Reform 
and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485(i)), in 
consultation with the program manager designated under section 
1016 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 
2004 (6 U.S.C. 485), shall adopt best practices regarding 
effective ways to educate and motivate officers and employees 
of the Federal Government to participate fully in the 
information sharing environment, including--
            (1) promotions and other nonmonetary awards; and
            (2) publicizing information sharing accomplishments 
        by individual employees and, where appropriate, the 
        tangible end benefits that resulted.

SEC. 210A. [6 U.S.C. 124H] DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY STATE, 
                    LOCAL, AND REGIONAL FUSION CENTER INITIATIVE.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
program manager of the information sharing environment 
established under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and 
Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485), the Attorney 
General, the Privacy Officer of the Department, the Officer for 
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties of the Department, and the 
Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board established under 
section 1061 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism 
Prevention Act of 2004 (5 U.S.C. 601 note), shall establish a 
Department of Homeland Security State, Local, and Regional 
Fusion Center Initiative to establish partnerships with State, 
local, and regional fusion centers.
    (b) Department Support and Coordination.--Through the 
Department of Homeland Security State, Local, and Regional 
Fusion Center Initiative, and in coordination with the 
principal officials of participating State, local, or regional 
fusion centers and the officers designated as the Homeland 
Security Advisors of the States, the Secretary shall--
            (1) provide operational and intelligence advice and 
        assistance to State, local, and regional fusion 
        centers;
            (2) support efforts to include State, local, and 
        regional fusion centers into efforts to establish an 
        information sharing environment;
            (3) conduct tabletop and live training exercises to 
        regularly assess the capability of individual and 
        regional networks of State, local, and regional fusion 
        centers to integrate the efforts of such networks with 
        the efforts of the Department;
            (4) coordinate with other relevant Federal entities 
        engaged in homeland security-related activities;
            (5) provide analytic and reporting advice and 
        assistance to State, local, and regional fusion 
        centers;
            (6) review information within the scope of the 
        information sharing environment, including homeland 
        security information, terrorism information, and 
        weapons of mass destruction information, that is 
        gathered by State, local, and regional fusion centers, 
        and to incorporate such information, as appropriate, 
        into the Department's own such information;
            (7) provide management assistance to State, local, 
        and regional fusion centers;
            (8) serve as a point of contact to ensure the 
        dissemination of information within the scope of the 
        information sharing environment, including homeland 
        security information, terrorism information, and 
        weapons of mass destruction information;
            (9) facilitate close communication and coordination 
        between State, local, and regional fusion centers and 
        the Department;
            (10) provide State, local, and regional fusion 
        centers with expertise on Department resources and 
        operations;
            (11) provide training to State, local, and regional 
        fusion centers and encourage such fusion centers to 
        participate in terrorism threat-related exercises 
        conducted by the Department; and
            (12) carry out such other duties as the Secretary 
        determines are appropriate.
    (c) Personnel Assignment.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary for 
        Intelligence and Analysis shall, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, assign officers and intelligence analysts 
        from components of the Department to participating 
        State, local, and regional fusion centers.
            (2) Personnel sources.--Officers and intelligence 
        analysts assigned to participating fusion centers under 
        this subsection may be assigned from the following 
        Department components, in coordination with the 
        respective component head and in consultation with the 
        principal officials of participating fusion centers:
                    (A) Office of Intelligence and Analysis.
                    (B) Cybersecurity and Infrastructure 
                Security Agency.
                    (C) Transportation Security Administration.
                    (D) United States Customs and Border 
                Protection.
                    (E) United States Immigration and Customs 
                Enforcement.
                    (F) United States Coast Guard.
                    (G) Other components of the Department, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
            (3) Qualifying criteria.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                develop qualifying criteria for a fusion center 
                to participate in the assigning of Department 
                officers or intelligence analysts under this 
                section.
                    (B) Criteria.--Any criteria developed under 
                subparagraph (A) may include--
                            (i) whether the fusion center, 
                        through its mission and governance 
                        structure, focuses on a broad 
                        counterterrorism approach, and whether 
                        that broad approach is pervasive 
                        through all levels of the organization;
                            (ii) whether the fusion center has 
                        sufficient numbers of adequately 
                        trained personnel to support a broad 
                        counterterrorism mission;
                            (iii) whether the fusion center 
                        has--
                                    (I) access to relevant law 
                                enforcement, emergency 
                                response, private sector, open 
                                source, and national security 
                                data; and
                                    (II) the ability to share 
                                and analytically utilize that 
                                data for lawful purposes;
                            (iv) whether the fusion center is 
                        adequately funded by the State, local, 
                        or regional government to support its 
                        counterterrorism mission; and
                            (v) the relevancy of the mission of 
                        the fusion center to the particular 
                        source component of Department officers 
                        or intelligence analysts.
            (4) Prerequisite.--
                    (A) Intelligence analysis, privacy, and 
                civil liberties training.--Before being 
                assigned to a fusion center under this section, 
                an officer or intelligence analyst shall 
                undergo--
                            (i) appropriate intelligence 
                        analysis or information sharing 
                        training using an intelligence-led 
                        policing curriculum that is consistent 
                        with--
                                    (I) standard training and 
                                education programs offered to 
                                Department law enforcement and 
                                intelligence personnel; and
                                    (II) the Criminal 
                                Intelligence Systems Operating 
                                Policies under part 23 of title 
                                28, Code of Federal Regulations 
                                (or any corresponding similar 
                                rule or regulation);
                            (ii) appropriate privacy and civil 
                        liberties training that is developed, 
                        supported, or sponsored by the Privacy 
                        Officer appointed under section 222 and 
                        the Officer for Civil Rights and Civil 
                        Liberties of the Department, in 
                        consultation with the Privacy and Civil 
                        Liberties Oversight Board established 
                        under section 1061 of the Intelligence 
                        Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 
                        2004 (5 U.S.C. 601 note); and
                            (iii) such other training 
                        prescribed by the Under Secretary for 
                        Intelligence and Analysis.
                    (B) Prior work experience in area.--In 
                determining the eligibility of an officer or 
                intelligence analyst to be assigned to a fusion 
                center under this section, the Under Secretary 
                for Intelligence and Analysis shall consider 
                the familiarity of the officer or intelligence 
                analyst with the State, locality, or region, as 
                determined by such factors as whether the 
                officer or intelligence analyst--
                            (i) has been previously assigned in 
                        the geographic area; or
                            (ii) has previously worked with 
                        intelligence officials or law 
                        enforcement or other emergency response 
                        providers from that State, locality, or 
                        region.
            (5) Expedited security clearance processing.--The 
        Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis--
                    (A) shall ensure that each officer or 
                intelligence analyst assigned to a fusion 
                center under this section has the appropriate 
                security clearance to contribute effectively to 
                the mission of the fusion center; and
                    (B) may request that security clearance 
                processing be expedited for each such officer 
                or intelligence analyst and may use available 
                funds for such purpose.
            (6) Further qualifications.--Each officer or 
        intelligence analyst assigned to a fusion center under 
        this section shall satisfy any other qualifications the 
        Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis may 
        prescribe.
    (d) Responsibilities.--An officer or intelligence analyst 
assigned to a fusion center under this section shall--
            (1) assist law enforcement agencies and other 
        emergency response providers of State, local, and 
        tribal governments and fusion center personnel in using 
        information within the scope of the information sharing 
        environment, including homeland security information, 
        terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction 
        information, to develop a comprehensive and accurate 
        threat picture;
            (2) review homeland security-relevant information 
        from law enforcement agencies and other emergency 
        response providers of State, local, and tribal 
        government;
            (3) create intelligence and other information 
        products derived from such information and other 
        homeland security-relevant information provided by the 
        Department; and
            (4) assist in the dissemination of such products, 
        as coordinated by the Under Secretary for Intelligence 
        and Analysis, to law enforcement agencies and other 
        emergency response providers of State, local, and 
        tribal government, other fusion centers, and 
        appropriate Federal agencies.
    (e) Border Intelligence Priority.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall make it a 
        priority to assign officers and intelligence analysts 
        under this section from United States Customs and 
        Border Protection, United States Immigration and 
        Customs Enforcement, and the Coast Guard to 
        participating State, local, and regional fusion centers 
        located in jurisdictions along land or maritime borders 
        of the United States in order to enhance the integrity 
        of and security at such borders by helping Federal, 
        State, local, and tribal law enforcement authorities to 
        identify, investigate, and otherwise interdict persons, 
        weapons, and related contraband that pose a threat to 
        homeland security.
            (2) Border intelligence products.--When performing 
        the responsibilities described in subsection (d), 
        officers and intelligence analysts assigned to 
        participating State, local, and regional fusion centers 
        under this section shall have, as a primary 
        responsibility, the creation of border intelligence 
        products that--
                    (A) assist State, local, and tribal law 
                enforcement agencies in deploying their 
                resources most efficiently to help detect and 
                interdict terrorists, weapons of mass 
                destruction, and related contraband at land or 
                maritime borders of the United States;
                    (B) promote more consistent and timely 
                sharing of border security-relevant information 
                among jurisdictions along land or maritime 
                borders of the United States; and
                    (C) enhance the Department's situational 
                awareness of the threat of acts of terrorism at 
                or involving the land or maritime borders of 
                the United States.
    (f) Database Access.--In order to fulfill the objectives 
described under subsection (d), each officer or intelligence 
analyst assigned to a fusion center under this section shall 
have appropriate access to all relevant Federal databases and 
information systems, consistent with any policies, guidelines, 
procedures, instructions, or standards established by the 
President or, as appropriate, the program manager of the 
information sharing environment for the implementation and 
management of that environment.
    (g) Consumer Feedback.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall create a 
        voluntary mechanism for any State, local, or tribal law 
        enforcement officer or other emergency response 
        provider who is a consumer of the intelligence or other 
        information products referred to in subsection (d) to 
        provide feedback to the Department on the quality and 
        utility of such intelligence products.
            (2) Report.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of the Implementing Recommendations of 
        the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007, and annually 
        thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
        on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the 
        House of Representatives a report that includes a 
        description of the consumer feedback obtained under 
        paragraph (1) and, if applicable, how the Department 
        has adjusted its production of intelligence products in 
        response to that consumer feedback.
    (h) Rule of Construction.--
            (1) In general.--The authorities granted under this 
        section shall supplement the authorities granted under 
        section 201(d) and nothing in this section shall be 
        construed to abrogate the authorities granted under 
        section 201(d).
            (2) Participation.--Nothing in this section shall 
        be construed to require a State, local, or regional 
        government or entity to accept the assignment of 
        officers or intelligence analysts of the Department 
        into the fusion center of that State, locality, or 
        region.
    (i) Guidelines.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
Attorney General, shall establish guidelines for fusion centers 
created and operated by State and local governments, to include 
standards that any such fusion center shall--
            (1) collaboratively develop a mission statement, 
        identify expectations and goals, measure performance, 
        and determine effectiveness for that fusion center;
            (2) create a representative governance structure 
        that includes law enforcement officers and other 
        emergency response providers and, as appropriate, the 
        private sector;
            (3) create a collaborative environment for the 
        sharing of intelligence and information among Federal, 
        State, local, and tribal government agencies (including 
        law enforcement officers and other emergency response 
        providers), the private sector, and the public, 
        consistent with any policies, guidelines, procedures, 
        instructions, or standards established by the President 
        or, as appropriate, the program manager of the 
        information sharing environment;
            (4) leverage the databases, systems, and networks 
        available from public and private sector entities, in 
        accordance with all applicable laws, to maximize 
        information sharing;
            (5) develop, publish, and adhere to a privacy and 
        civil liberties policy consistent with Federal, State, 
        and local law;
            (6) provide, in coordination with the Privacy 
        Officer of the Department and the Officer for Civil 
        Rights and Civil Liberties of the Department, 
        appropriate privacy and civil liberties training for 
        all State, local, tribal, and private sector 
        representatives at the fusion center;
            (7) ensure appropriate security measures are in 
        place for the facility, data, and personnel;
            (8) select and train personnel based on the needs, 
        mission, goals, and functions of that fusion center;
            (9) offer a variety of intelligence and information 
        services and products to recipients of fusion center 
        intelligence and information; and
            (10) incorporate law enforcement officers, other 
        emergency response providers, and, as appropriate, the 
        private sector, into all relevant phases of the 
        intelligence and fusion process, consistent with the 
        mission statement developed under paragraph (1), either 
        through full time representatives or liaison 
        relationships with the fusion center to enable the 
        receipt and sharing of information and intelligence.
    (j) Definitions.--In this section--
            (1) the term ``fusion center'' means a 
        collaborative effort of 2 or more Federal, State, 
        local, or tribal government agencies that combines 
        resources, expertise, or information with the goal of 
        maximizing the ability of such agencies to detect, 
        prevent, investigate, apprehend, and respond to 
        criminal or terrorist activity;
            (2) the term ``information sharing environment'' 
        means the information sharing environment established 
        under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and 
        Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485);
            (3) the term ``intelligence analyst'' means an 
        individual who regularly advises, administers, 
        supervises, or performs work in the collection, 
        gathering, analysis, evaluation, reporting, production, 
        or dissemination of information on political, economic, 
        social, cultural, physical, geographical, scientific, 
        or military conditions, trends, or forces in foreign or 
        domestic areas that directly or indirectly affect 
        national security;
            (4) the term ``intelligence-led policing'' means 
        the collection and analysis of information to produce 
        an intelligence end product designed to inform law 
        enforcement decision making at the tactical and 
        strategic levels; and
            (5) the term ``terrorism information'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 1016 of the 
        Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 
        2004 (6 U.S.C. 485).
    (k) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 
through 2012, to carry out this section, except for subsection 
(i), including for hiring officers and intelligence analysts to 
replace officers and intelligence analysts who are assigned to 
fusion centers under this section.

SEC. 210B. [6 U.S.C. 124I] HOMELAND SECURITY INFORMATION SHARING 
                    FELLOWS PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the 
        Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, and in 
        consultation with the Chief Human Capital Officer, 
        shall establish a fellowship program in accordance with 
        this section for the purpose of--
                    (A) detailing State, local, and tribal law 
                enforcement officers and intelligence analysts 
                to the Department in accordance with subchapter 
                VI of chapter 33 of title 5, United States 
                Code, to participate in the work of the Office 
                of Intelligence and Analysis in order to become 
                familiar with--
                            (i) the relevant missions and 
                        capabilities of the Department and 
                        other Federal agencies; and
                            (ii) the role, programs, products, 
                        and personnel of the Office of 
                        Intelligence and Analysis; and
                    (B) promoting information sharing between 
                the Department and State, local, and tribal law 
                enforcement officers and intelligence analysts 
                by assigning such officers and analysts to--
                            (i) serve as a point of contact in 
                        the Department to assist in the 
                        representation of State, local, and 
                        tribal information requirements;
                            (ii) identify information within 
                        the scope of the information sharing 
                        environment, including homeland 
                        security information, terrorism 
                        information, and weapons of mass 
                        destruction information, that is of 
                        interest to State, local, and tribal 
                        law enforcement officers, intelligence 
                        analysts, and other emergency response 
                        providers;
                            (iii) assist Department analysts in 
                        preparing and disseminating products 
                        derived from information within the 
                        scope of the information sharing 
                        environment, including homeland 
                        security information, terrorism 
                        information, and weapons of mass 
                        destruction information, that are 
                        tailored to State, local, and tribal 
                        law enforcement officers and 
                        intelligence analysts and designed to 
                        prepare for and thwart acts of 
                        terrorism; and
                            (iv) assist Department analysts in 
                        preparing products derived from 
                        information within the scope of the 
                        information sharing environment, 
                        including homeland security 
                        information, terrorism information, and 
                        weapons of mass destruction 
                        information, that are tailored to 
                        State, local, and tribal emergency 
                        response providers and assist in the 
                        dissemination of such products through 
                        appropriate Department channels.
            (2) Program name.--The program under this section 
        shall be known as the ``Homeland Security Information 
        Sharing Fellows Program''.
    (b) Eligibility.--
            (1) In general.--In order to be eligible for 
        selection as an Information Sharing Fellow under the 
        program under this section, an individual shall--
                    (A) have homeland security-related 
                responsibilities;
                    (B) be eligible for an appropriate security 
                clearance;
                    (C) possess a valid need for access to 
                classified information, as determined by the 
                Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis;
                    (D) be an employee of an eligible entity; 
                and
                    (E) have undergone appropriate privacy and 
                civil liberties training that is developed, 
                supported, or sponsored by the Privacy Officer 
                and the Officer for Civil Rights and Civil 
                Liberties, in consultation with the Privacy and 
                Civil Liberties Oversight Board established 
                under section 1061 of the Intelligence Reform 
                and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (5 U.S.C. 
                601 note).
            (2) Eligible entities.--In this subsection, the 
        term ``eligible entity'' means--
                    (A) a State, local, or regional fusion 
                center;
                    (B) a State or local law enforcement or 
                other government entity that serves a major 
                metropolitan area, suburban area, or rural 
                area, as determined by the Secretary;
                    (C) a State or local law enforcement or 
                other government entity with port, border, or 
                agricultural responsibilities, as determined by 
                the Secretary;
                    (D) a tribal law enforcement or other 
                authority; or
                    (E) such other entity as the Secretary 
                determines is appropriate.
    (c) Optional Participation.--No State, local, or tribal law 
enforcement or other government entity shall be required to 
participate in the Homeland Security Information Sharing 
Fellows Program.
    (d) Procedures for Nomination and Selection.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary for 
        Intelligence and Analysis shall establish procedures to 
        provide for the nomination and selection of individuals 
        to participate in the Homeland Security Information 
        Sharing Fellows Program.
            (2) Limitations.--The Under Secretary for 
        Intelligence and Analysis shall--
                    (A) select law enforcement officers and 
                intelligence analysts representing a broad 
                cross-section of State, local, and tribal 
                agencies; and
                    (B) ensure that the number of Information 
                Sharing Fellows selected does not impede the 
                activities of the Office of Intelligence and 
                Analysis.

SEC. 210C. [6 U.S.C. 124J] RURAL POLICING INSTITUTE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a Rural 
Policing Institute, which shall be administered by the Federal 
Law Enforcement Training Center, to target training to law 
enforcement agencies and other emergency response providers 
located in rural areas. The Secretary, through the Rural 
Policing Institute, shall--
            (1) evaluate the needs of law enforcement agencies 
        and other emergency response providers in rural areas;
            (2) develop expert training programs designed to 
        address the needs of law enforcement agencies and other 
        emergency response providers in rural areas as 
        identified in the evaluation conducted under paragraph 
        (1), including training programs about intelligence-led 
        policing and protections for privacy, civil rights, and 
        civil liberties;
            (3) provide the training programs developed under 
        paragraph (2) to law enforcement agencies and other 
        emergency response providers in rural areas; and
            (4) conduct outreach efforts to ensure that local 
        and tribal governments in rural areas are aware of the 
        training programs developed under paragraph (2) so they 
        can avail themselves of such programs.
    (b) Curricula.--The training at the Rural Policing 
Institute established under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) be configured in a manner so as not to 
        duplicate or displace any law enforcement or emergency 
        response program of the Federal Law Enforcement 
        Training Center or a local or tribal government entity 
        in existence on the date of enactment of the 
        Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act 
        of 2007; and
            (2) to the maximum extent practicable, be delivered 
        in a cost-effective manner at facilities of the 
        Department, on closed military installations with 
        adequate training facilities, or at facilities operated 
        by the participants.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``rural'' means 
an area that is not located in a metropolitan statistical area, 
as defined by the Office of Management and Budget.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section (including for 
contracts, staff, and equipment)--
            (1) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
            (2) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 
        through 2013.

SEC. 210D. [6 U.S.C. 124K] INTERAGENCY THREAT ASSESSMENT AND 
                    COORDINATION GROUP.

    (a) In General.--To improve the sharing of information 
within the scope of the information sharing environment 
established under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and 
Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485) with State, 
local, tribal, and private sector officials, the Director of 
National Intelligence, through the program manager for the 
information sharing environment, in coordination with the 
Secretary, shall coordinate and oversee the creation of an 
Interagency Threat Assessment and Coordination Group (referred 
to in this section as the ``ITACG'').
    (b) Composition of ITACG.--The ITACG shall consist of--
            (1) an ITACG Advisory Council to set policy and 
        develop processes for the integration, analysis, and 
        dissemination of federally-coordinated information 
        within the scope of the information sharing 
        environment, including homeland security information, 
        terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction 
        information; and
            (2) an ITACG Detail comprised of State, local, and 
        tribal homeland security and law enforcement officers 
        and intelligence analysts detailed to work in the 
        National Counterterrorism Center with Federal 
        intelligence analysts for the purpose of integrating, 
        analyzing, and assisting in the dissemination of 
        federally-coordinated information within the scope of 
        the information sharing environment, including homeland 
        security information, terrorism information, and 
        weapons of mass destruction information, through 
        appropriate channels identified by the ITACG Advisory 
        Council.
    (c) Responsibilities of Program Manager.--The program 
manager shall--
            (1) monitor and assess the efficacy of the ITACG;
            (2) not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/
        11 Commission Act of 2007, and at least annually 
        thereafter, submit to the Secretary, the Attorney 
        General, the Director of National Intelligence, the 
        Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
        of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of 
        the House of Representatives a report on the progress 
        of the ITACG; and
            (3) in each report required by paragraph (2) 
        submitted after the date of the enactment of the 
        Reducing Over-Classification Act, include an assessment 
        of whether the detailees under subsection (d)(5) have 
        appropriate access to all relevant information, as 
        required by subsection (g)(2)(C).
    (d) Responsibilities of Secretary.--The Secretary, or the 
Secretary's designee, in coordination with the Director of the 
National Counterterrorism Center and the ITACG Advisory 
Council, shall--
            (1) create policies and standards for the creation 
        of information products derived from information within 
        the scope of the information sharing environment, 
        including homeland security information, terrorism 
        information, and weapons of mass destruction 
        information, that are suitable for dissemination to 
        State, local, and tribal governments and the private 
        sector;
            (2) evaluate and develop processes for the timely 
        dissemination of federally-coordinated information 
        within the scope of the information sharing 
        environment, including homeland security information, 
        terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction 
        information, to State, local, and tribal governments 
        and the private sector;
            (3) establish criteria and a methodology for 
        indicating to State, local, and tribal governments and 
        the private sector the reliability of information 
        within the scope of the information sharing 
        environment, including homeland security information, 
        terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction 
        information, disseminated to them;
            (4) educate the intelligence community about the 
        requirements of the State, local, and tribal homeland 
        security, law enforcement, and other emergency response 
        providers regarding information within the scope of the 
        information sharing environment, including homeland 
        security information, terrorism information, and 
        weapons of mass destruction information;
            (5) establish and maintain the ITACG Detail, which 
        shall assign an appropriate number of State, local, and 
        tribal homeland security and law enforcement officers 
        and intelligence analysts to work in the National 
        Counterterrorism Center who shall--
                    (A) educate and advise National 
                Counterterrorism Center intelligence analysts 
                about the requirements of the State, local, and 
                tribal homeland security and law enforcement 
                officers, and other emergency response 
                providers regarding information within the 
                scope of the information sharing environment, 
                including homeland security information, 
                terrorism information, and weapons of mass 
                destruction information;
                    (B) assist National Counterterrorism Center 
                intelligence analysts in integrating, 
                analyzing, and otherwise preparing versions of 
                products derived from information within the 
                scope of the information sharing environment, 
                including homeland security information, 
                terrorism information, and weapons of mass 
                destruction information that are unclassified 
                or classified at the lowest possible level and 
                suitable for dissemination to State, local, and 
                tribal homeland security and law enforcement 
                agencies in order to help deter and prevent 
                terrorist attacks;
                    (C) implement, in coordination with 
                National Counterterrorism Center intelligence 
                analysts, the policies, processes, procedures, 
                standards, and guidelines developed by the 
                ITACG Advisory Council;
                    (D) assist in the dissemination of products 
                derived from information within the scope of 
                the information sharing environment, including 
                homeland security information, terrorism 
                information, and weapons of mass destruction 
                information, to State, local, and tribal 
                jurisdictions only through appropriate channels 
                identified by the ITACG Advisory Council;
                    (E) make recommendations, as appropriate, 
                to the Secretary or the Secretary's designee, 
                for the further dissemination of intelligence 
                products that could likely inform or improve 
                the security of a State, local, or tribal 
                government, (including a State, local, or 
                tribal law enforcement agency) or a private 
                sector entity; and
                    (F) report directly to the senior 
                intelligence official from the Department under 
                paragraph (6);
            (6) detail a senior intelligence official from the 
        Department of Homeland Security to the National 
        Counterterrorism Center, who shall--
                    (A) manage the day-to-day operations of the 
                ITACG Detail;
                    (B) report directly to the Director of the 
                National Counterterrorism Center or the 
                Director's designee; and
                    (C) in coordination with the Director of 
                the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and 
                subject to the approval of the Director of the 
                National Counterterrorism Center, select a 
                deputy from the pool of available detailees 
                from the Federal Bureau of Investigation in the 
                National Counterterrorism Center;
            (7) establish, within the ITACG Advisory Council, a 
        mechanism to select law enforcement officers and 
        intelligence analysts for placement in the National 
        Counterterrorism Center consistent with paragraph (5), 
        using criteria developed by the ITACG Advisory Council 
        that shall encourage participation from a broadly 
        representative group of State, local, and tribal 
        homeland security and law enforcement agencies; and
            (8) compile an annual assessment of the ITACG 
        Detail's performance, including summaries of customer 
        feedback, in preparing, disseminating, and requesting 
        the dissemination of intelligence products intended for 
        State, local and tribal government (including State, 
        local, and tribal law enforcement agencies) and private 
        sector entities; and
            (9) provide the assessment developed pursuant to 
        paragraph (8) to the program manager for use in the 
        annual reports required by subsection (c)(2).
    (e) Membership.--The Secretary, or the Secretary's 
designee, shall serve as the chair of the ITACG Advisory 
Council, which shall include--
            (1) representatives of--
                    (A) the Department;
                    (B) the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
                    (C) the National Counterterrorism Center;
                    (D) the Department of Defense;
                    (E) the Department of Energy;
                    (F) the Department of State; and
                    (G) other Federal entities as appropriate;
            (2) the program manager of the information sharing 
        environment, designated under section 1016(f) of the 
        Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 
        2004 (6 U.S.C. 485(f)), or the program manager's 
        designee; and
            (3) executive level law enforcement and 
        intelligence officials from State, local, and tribal 
        governments.
    (f) Criteria.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
Director of National Intelligence, the Attorney General, and 
the program manager of the information sharing environment 
established under section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and 
Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485), shall--
            (1) establish procedures for selecting members of 
        the ITACG Advisory Council and for the proper handling 
        and safeguarding of products derived from information 
        within the scope of the information sharing 
        environment, including homeland security information, 
        terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction 
        information, by those members; and
            (2) ensure that at least 50 percent of the members 
        of the ITACG Advisory Council are from State, local, 
        and tribal governments.
    (g) Operations.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning not later than 90 days 
        after the date of enactment of the Implementing 
        Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007, the 
        ITACG Advisory Council shall meet regularly, but not 
        less than quarterly, at the facilities of the National 
        Counterterrorism Center of the Office of the Director 
        of National Intelligence.
            (2) Management.--Pursuant to section 119(f)(E) of 
        the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
        404o(f)(E)), the Director of the National 
        Counterterrorism Center, acting through the senior 
        intelligence official from the Department of Homeland 
        Security detailed pursuant to subsection (d)(6), shall 
        ensure that--
                    (A) the products derived from information 
                within the scope of the information sharing 
                environment, including homeland security 
                information, terrorism information, and weapons 
                of mass destruction information, prepared by 
                the National Counterterrorism Center and the 
                ITACG Detail for distribution to State, local, 
                and tribal homeland security and law 
                enforcement agencies reflect the requirements 
                of such agencies and are produced consistently 
                with the policies, processes, procedures, 
                standards, and guidelines established by the 
                ITACG Advisory Council;
                    (B) in consultation with the ITACG Advisory 
                Council and consistent with sections 
                102A(f)(1)(B)(iii) and 119(f)(E) of the 
                National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 402 et 
                seq.), all products described in subparagraph 
                (A) are disseminated through existing channels 
                of the Department and the Department of Justice 
                and other appropriate channels to State, local, 
                and tribal government officials and other 
                entities;
                    (C) all detailees under subsection (d)(5) 
                have appropriate access to all relevant 
                information within the scope of the information 
                sharing environment, including homeland 
                security information, terrorism information, 
                and weapons of mass destruction information, 
                available at the National Counterterrorism 
                Center in order to accomplish the objectives 
                under that paragraph;
                    (D) all detailees under subsection (d)(5) 
                have the appropriate security clearances and 
                are trained in the procedures for handling, 
                processing, storing, and disseminating 
                classified products derived from information 
                within the scope of the information sharing 
                environment, including homeland security 
                information, terrorism information, and weapons 
                of mass destruction information; and
                    (E) all detailees under subsection (d)(5) 
                complete appropriate privacy and civil 
                liberties training.
    (h) Inapplicability of the Federal Advisory Committee 
Act.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall 
not apply to the ITACG or any subsidiary groups thereof.
    (i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of 
fiscal years 2008 through 2012 to carry out this section, 
including to obtain security clearances for the State, local, 
and tribal participants in the ITACG.

SEC. 210E. [6 U.S.C. 124M] CLASSIFIED INFORMATION ADVISORY OFFICER.

    (a) Requirement To Establish.--The Secretary shall identify 
and designate within the Department a Classified Information 
Advisory Officer, as described in this section.
    (b) Responsibilities.--The responsibilities of the 
Classified Information Advisory Officer shall be as follows:
            (1) To develop and disseminate educational 
        materials and to develop and administer training 
        programs to assist State, local, and tribal governments 
        (including State, local, and tribal law enforcement 
        agencies) and private sector entities--
                    (A) in developing plans and policies to 
                respond to requests related to classified 
                information without communicating such 
                information to individuals who lack appropriate 
                security clearances;
                    (B) regarding the appropriate procedures 
                for challenging classification designations of 
                information received by personnel of such 
                entities; and
                    (C) on the means by which such personnel 
                may apply for security clearances.
            (2) To inform the Under Secretary for Intelligence 
        and Analysis on policies and procedures that could 
        facilitate the sharing of classified information with 
        such personnel, as appropriate.
    (c) Initial Designation.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of the Reducing Over-Classification Act, 
the Secretary shall--
            (1) designate the initial Classified Information 
        Advisory Officer; and
            (2) submit to the Committee on Homeland Security 
        and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives a written notification of the 
        designation.

     [There is no section 210F. Section 210E was redesignated 
as section 2214 and transferred to appear after section 2213 by 
section 2(g)(2)(G) of Public Law 115-278. Section 210F was 
redesignated as section 210E by section 2(g)(2)(J) of such 
Public Law.]

SEC. 210G. [6 U.S.C. 124N] PROTECTION OF CERTAIN FACILITIES AND ASSETS 
                    FROM UNMANNED AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Authority.--Notwithstanding section 46502 of title 49, 
United States Code, or sections 32, 1030, 1367 and chapters 119 
and 206 of title 18, United States Code, the Secretary and the 
Attorney General may, for their respective Departments, take, 
and may authorize personnel with assigned duties that include 
the security or protection of people, facilities, or assets, to 
take such actions as are described in subsection (b)(1) that 
are necessary to mitigate a credible threat (as defined by the 
Secretary or the Attorney General, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Transportation) that an unmanned aircraft system 
or unmanned aircraft poses to the safety or security of a 
covered facility or asset.
    (b) Actions Described.--
            (1) In general.--The actions authorized in 
        subsection (a) are the following:
                    (A) During the operation of the unmanned 
                aircraft system, detect, identify, monitor, and 
                track the unmanned aircraft system or unmanned 
                aircraft, without prior consent, including by 
                means of intercept or other access of a wire 
                communication, an oral communication, or an 
                electronic communication used to control the 
                unmanned aircraft system or unmanned aircraft.
                    (B) Warn the operator of the unmanned 
                aircraft system or unmanned aircraft, including 
                by passive or active, and direct or indirect 
                physical, electronic, radio, and 
                electromagnetic means.
                    (C) Disrupt control of the unmanned 
                aircraft system or unmanned aircraft, without 
                prior consent, including by disabling the 
                unmanned aircraft system or unmanned aircraft 
                by intercepting, interfering, or causing 
                interference with wire, oral, electronic, or 
                radio communications used to control the 
                unmanned aircraft system or unmanned aircraft.
                    (D) Seize or exercise control of the 
                unmanned aircraft system or unmanned aircraft.
                    (E) Seize or otherwise confiscate the 
                unmanned aircraft system or unmanned aircraft.
                    (F) Use reasonable force, if necessary, to 
                disable, damage, or destroy the unmanned 
                aircraft system or unmanned aircraft.
            (2) Required coordination.--The Secretary and the 
        Attorney General shall develop for their respective 
        Departments the actions described in paragraph (1) in 
        coordination with the Secretary of Transportation.
            (3) Research, testing, training, and evaluation.--
        The Secretary and the Attorney General shall conduct 
        research, testing, training on, and evaluation of any 
        equipment, including any electronic equipment, to 
        determine its capability and utility prior to the use 
        of any such technology for any action described in 
        subsection (b)(1).
            (4) Coordination.--The Secretary and the Attorney 
        General shall coordinate with the Administrator of the 
        Federal Aviation Administration when any action 
        authorized by this section might affect aviation 
        safety, civilian aviation and aerospace operations, 
        aircraft airworthiness, or the use of the airspace.
    (c) Forfeiture.--Any unmanned aircraft system or unmanned 
aircraft described in subsection (a) that is seized by the 
Secretary or the Attorney General is subject to forfeiture to 
the United States.
    (d) Regulations and Guidance.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, the Attorney 
        General, and the Secretary of Transportation may 
        prescribe regulations and shall issue guidance in the 
        respective areas of each Secretary or the Attorney 
        General to carry out this section.
            (2) Coordination.--
                    (A) Coordination with department of 
                transportation.--The Secretary and the Attorney 
                General shall coordinate the development of 
                their respective guidance under paragraph (1) 
                with the Secretary of Transportation.
                    (B) Effect on aviation safety.--The 
                Secretary and the Attorney General shall 
                respectively coordinate with the Secretary of 
                Transportation and the Administrator of the 
                Federal Aviation Administration before issuing 
                any guidance, or otherwise implementing this 
                section, if such guidance or implementation 
                might affect aviation safety, civilian aviation 
                and aerospace operations, aircraft 
                airworthiness, or the use of airspace.
    (e) Privacy Protection.--The regulations or guidance issued 
to carry out actions authorized under subsection (b) by each 
Secretary or the Attorney General, as the case may be, shall 
ensure that--
            (1) the interception or acquisition of, or access 
        to, or maintenance or use of, communications to or from 
        an unmanned aircraft system under this section is 
        conducted in a manner consistent with the First and 
        Fourth Amendments to the Constitution of the United 
        States and applicable provisions of Federal law;
            (2) communications to or from an unmanned aircraft 
        system are intercepted or acquired only to the extent 
        necessary to support an action described in subsection 
        (b)(1);
            (3) records of such communications are maintained 
        only for as long as necessary, and in no event for more 
        than 180 days, unless the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security or the Attorney General determine that 
        maintenance of such records is necessary to investigate 
        or prosecute a violation of law, directly support an 
        ongoing security operation, is required under Federal 
        law, or for the purpose of any litigation;
            (4) such communications are not disclosed outside 
        the Department of Homeland Security or the Department 
        of Justice unless the disclosure--
                    (A) is necessary to investigate or 
                prosecute a violation of law;
                    (B) would support the Department of 
                Defense, a Federal law enforcement agency, or 
                the enforcement activities of a regulatory 
                agency of the Federal Government in connection 
                with a criminal or civil investigation of, or 
                any regulatory, statutory, or other enforcement 
                action relating to an action described in 
                subsection (b)(1);
                    (C) is between the Department of Homeland 
                Security and the Department of Justice in the 
                course of a security or protection operation of 
                either agency or a joint operation of such 
                agencies; or
                    (D) is otherwise required by law; and
            (5) to the extent necessary, the Department of 
        Homeland Security and the Department of Justice are 
        authorized to share threat information, which shall not 
        include communications referred to in subsection (b), 
        with State, local, territorial, or tribal law 
        enforcement agencies in the course of a security or 
        protection operation.
    (f) Budget.--The Secretary and the Attorney General shall 
submit to Congress, as a part of the homeland security or 
justice budget materials for each fiscal year after fiscal year 
2019, a consolidated funding display that identifies the 
funding source for the actions described in subsection (b)(1) 
within the Department of Homeland Security or the Department of 
Justice. The funding display shall be in unclassified form, but 
may contain a classified annex.
    (g) Semiannual Briefings and Notifications.--
            (1) In general.--On a semiannual basis during the 
        period beginning 6 months after the date of enactment 
        of this section and ending on the date specified in 
        subsection (i), the Secretary and the Attorney General 
        shall, respectively, provide a briefing to the 
        appropriate congressional committees on the activities 
        carried out pursuant to this section.
            (2) Requirement.--Each briefing required under 
        paragraph (1) shall be conducted jointly with the 
        Secretary of Transportation.
            (3) Content.--Each briefing required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include--
                    (A) policies, programs, and procedures to 
                mitigate or eliminate impacts of such 
                activities to the National Airspace System;
                    (B) a description of instances in which 
                actions described in subsection (b)(1) have 
                been taken, including all such instances that 
                may have resulted in harm, damage, or loss to a 
                person or to private property;
                    (C) a description of the guidance, 
                policies, or procedures established to address 
                privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties 
                issues implicated by the actions allowed under 
                this section, as well as any changes or 
                subsequent efforts that would significantly 
                affect privacy, civil rights or civil 
                liberties;
                    (D) a description of options considered and 
                steps taken to mitigate any identified impacts 
                to the national airspace system related to the 
                use of any system or technology, including the 
                minimization of the use of any technology that 
                disrupts the transmission of radio or 
                electronic signals, for carrying out the 
                actions described in subsection (b)(1);
                    (E) a description of instances in which 
                communications intercepted or acquired during 
                the course of operations of an unmanned 
                aircraft system were held for more than 180 
                days or shared outside of the Department of 
                Justice or the Department of Homeland Security;
                    (F) how the Secretary, the Attorney 
                General, and the Secretary of Transportation 
                have informed the public as to the possible use 
                of authorities under this section;
                    (G) how the Secretary, the Attorney 
                General, and the Secretary of Transportation 
                have engaged with Federal, State, and local law 
                enforcement agencies to implement and use such 
                authorities.
            (4) Unclassified form.--Each briefing required 
        under paragraph (1) shall be in unclassified form, but 
        may be accompanied by an additional classified 
        briefing.
            (5) Notification.--Within 30 days of deploying any 
        new technology to carry out the actions described in 
        subsection (b)(1), the Secretary and the Attorney 
        General shall, respectively, submit a notification to 
        the appropriate congressional committees. Such 
        notification shall include a description of options 
        considered to mitigate any identified impacts to the 
        national airspace system related to the use of any 
        system or technology, including the minimization of the 
        use of any technology that disrupts the transmission of 
        radio or electronic signals, for carrying out the 
        actions described in subsection (b)(1).
    (h) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to--
            (1) vest in the Secretary or the Attorney General 
        any authority of the Secretary of Transportation or the 
        Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration;
            (2) vest in the Secretary of Transportation or the 
        Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration 
        any authority of the Secretary or the Attorney General;
            (3) vest in the Secretary of Homeland Security any 
        authority of the Attorney General;
            (4) vest in the Attorney General any authority of 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security; or
            (5) provide a new basis of liability for any State, 
        local, territorial, or tribal law enforcement officers 
        who participate in the protection of a mass gathering 
        identified by the Secretary or Attorney General under 
        subsection (k)(3)(C)(iii)(II), act within the scope of 
        their authority, and do not exercise the authority 
        granted to the Secretary and Attorney General by this 
        section.
    (i) Termination.--The authority to carry out this section 
with respect to a covered facility or asset specified in 
subsection (k)(3) shall terminate on the date that is 4 years 
after the date of enactment of this section.
    (j) Scope of Authority.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to provide the Secretary or the Attorney General with 
additional authorities beyond those described in subsections 
(a) and (k)(3)(C)(iii).
    (k) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional 
        committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                Governmental Affairs, the Committee on 
                Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and the 
                Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Homeland Security, the 
                Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, 
                the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and the 
                Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) The term ``budget'', with respect to a fiscal 
        year, means the budget for that fiscal year that is 
        submitted to Congress by the President under section 
        1105(a) of title 31.
            (3) The term ``covered facility or asset'' means 
        any facility or asset that--
                    (A) is identified as high-risk and a 
                potential target for unlawful unmanned aircraft 
                activity by the Secretary or the Attorney 
                General, in coordination with the Secretary of 
                Transportation with respect to potentially 
                impacted airspace, through a risk-based 
                assessment for purposes of this section (except 
                that in the case of the missions described in 
                subparagraph (C)(i)(II) and (C)(iii)(I), such 
                missions shall be presumed to be for the 
                protection of a facility or asset that is 
                assessed to be high-risk and a potential target 
                for unlawful unmanned aircraft activity);
                    (B) is located in the United States 
                (including the territories and possessions, 
                territorial seas or navigable waters of the 
                United States); and
                    (C) directly relates to one or more--
                            (i) missions authorized to be 
                        performed by the Department of Homeland 
                        Security, consistent with governing 
                        statutes, regulations, and orders 
                        issued by the Secretary, pertaining 
                        to--
                                    (I) security or protection 
                                functions of the U.S. Customs 
                                and Border Protection, 
                                including securing or 
                                protecting facilities, 
                                aircraft, and vessels, whether 
                                moored or underway;
                                    (II) United States Secret 
                                Service protection operations 
                                pursuant to sections 3056(a) 
                                and 3056A(a) of title 18, 
                                United States Code, and the 
                                Presidential Protection 
                                Assistance Act of 1976 (18 
                                U.S.C. 3056 note); or
                                    (III) protection of 
                                facilities pursuant to section 
                                1315(a) of title 40, United 
                                States Code;
                            (ii) missions authorized to be 
                        performed by the Department of Justice, 
                        consistent with governing statutes, 
                        regulations, and orders issued by the 
                        Attorney General, pertaining to--
                                    (I) personal protection 
                                operations by--
                                            (aa) the Federal 
                                        Bureau of Investigation 
                                        as specified in section 
                                        533 of title 28, United 
                                        States Code; and
                                            (bb) the United 
                                        States Marshals Service 
                                        of Federal jurists, 
                                        court officers, 
                                        witnesses, and other 
                                        threatened persons in 
                                        the interests of 
                                        justice, as specified 
                                        in section 566(e)(1)(A) 
                                        of title 28, United 
                                        States Code;
                                    (II) protection of penal, 
                                detention, and correctional 
                                facilities and operations 
                                conducted by the Federal Bureau 
                                of Prisons; or
                                    (III) protection of the 
                                buildings and grounds leased, 
                                owned, or operated by or for 
                                the Department of Justice, and 
                                the provision of security for 
                                Federal courts, as specified in 
                                section 566(a) of title 28, 
                                United States Code;
                            (iii) missions authorized to be 
                        performed by the Department of Homeland 
                        Security or the Department of Justice, 
                        acting together or separately, 
                        consistent with governing statutes, 
                        regulations, and orders issued by the 
                        Secretary or the Attorney General, 
                        respectively, pertaining to--
                                    (I) protection of a 
                                National Special Security Event 
                                and Special Event Assessment 
                                Rating event;
                                    (II) the provision of 
                                support to State, local, 
                                territorial, or tribal law 
                                enforcement, upon request of 
                                the chief executive officer of 
                                the State or territory, to 
                                ensure protection of people and 
                                property at mass gatherings, 
                                that is limited to a specified 
                                timeframe and location, within 
                                available resources, and 
                                without delegating any 
                                authority under this section to 
                                State, local, territorial, or 
                                tribal law enforcement; or
                                    (III) protection of an 
                                active Federal law enforcement 
                                investigation, emergency 
                                response, or security function, 
                                that is limited to a specified 
                                timeframe and location; and
                            (iv) missions authorized to be 
                        performed by the United States Coast 
                        Guard, including those described in 
                        clause (iii) as directed by the 
                        Secretary, and as further set forth in 
                        section 104 of title 14, United States 
                        Code, and consistent with governing 
                        statutes, regulations, and orders 
                        issued by the Secretary of the 
                        Department in which the Coast Guard is 
                        operating.
            (4) The terms ``electronic communication'', 
        ``intercept'', ``oral communication'', and ``wire 
        communication'' have the meaning given those terms in 
        section 2510 of title 18, United States Code.
            (5) The term ``homeland security or justice budget 
        materials'', with respect to a fiscal year, means the 
        materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary and 
        the Attorney General in support of the budget for that 
        fiscal year.
            (6) For purposes of subsection (a), the term 
        ``personnel'' means officers and employees of the 
        Department of Homeland Security or the Department of 
        Justice.
            (7) The terms ``unmanned aircraft'' and ``unmanned 
        aircraft system'' have the meanings given those terms 
        in section 44801, of title 49, United States Code.
            (8) For purposes of this section, the term ``risk-
        based assessment'' includes an evaluation of threat 
        information specific to a covered facility or asset 
        and, with respect to potential impacts on the safety 
        and efficiency of the national airspace system and the 
        needs of law enforcement and national security at each 
        covered facility or asset identified by the Secretary 
        or the Attorney General, respectively, of each of the 
        following factors:
                    (A) Potential impacts to safety, 
                efficiency, and use of the national airspace 
                system, including potential effects on manned 
                aircraft and unmanned aircraft systems, 
                aviation safety, airport operations, 
                infrastructure, and air navigation services 
                related to the use of any system or technology 
                for carrying out the actions described in 
                subsection (b)(1).
                    (B) Options for mitigating any identified 
                impacts to the national airspace system related 
                to the use of any system or technology, 
                including minimizing when possible the use of 
                any technology which disrupts the transmission 
                of radio or electronic signals, for carrying 
                out the actions described in subsection (b)(1).
                    (C) Potential consequences of the impacts 
                of any actions taken under subsection (b)(1) to 
                the national airspace system and infrastructure 
                if not mitigated.
                    (D) The ability to provide reasonable 
                advance notice to aircraft operators consistent 
                with the safety of the national airspace system 
                and the needs of law enforcement and national 
                security.
                    (E) The setting and character of any 
                covered facility or asset, including whether it 
                is located in a populated area or near other 
                structures, whether the facility is open to the 
                public, whether the facility is also used for 
                nongovernmental functions, and any potential 
                for interference with wireless communications 
                or for injury or damage to persons or property.
                    (F) The setting, character, timeframe, and 
                national airspace system impacts of National 
                Special Security Event and Special Event 
                Assessment Rating events.
                    (G) Potential consequences to national 
                security, public safety, or law enforcement if 
                threats posed by unmanned aircraft systems are 
                not mitigated or defeated.
    (l) Department of Homeland Security Assessment.--
            (1) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall 
        conduct, in coordination with the Attorney General and 
        the Secretary of Transportation, an assessment to the 
        appropriate congressional committees, including--
                    (A) an evaluation of the threat from 
                unmanned aircraft systems to United States 
                critical infrastructure (as defined in this 
                Act) and to domestic large hub airports (as 
                defined in section 40102 of title 49, United 
                States Code);
                    (B) an evaluation of current Federal and 
                State, local, territorial, or tribal law 
                enforcement authorities to counter the threat 
                identified in subparagraph (A), and 
                recommendations, if any, for potential changes 
                to existing authorities to allow State, local, 
                territorial, and tribal law enforcement to 
                assist Federal law enforcement to counter the 
                threat where appropriate;
                    (C) an evaluation of the knowledge of, 
                efficiency of, and effectiveness of current 
                procedures and resources available to owners of 
                critical infrastructure and domestic large hub 
                airports when they believe a threat from 
                unmanned aircraft systems is present and what 
                additional actions, if any, the Department of 
                Homeland Security or the Department of 
                Transportation could implement under existing 
                authorities to assist these entities to counter 
                the threat identified in subparagraph (A);
                    (D) an assessment of what, if any, 
                additional authorities are needed by each 
                Department and law enforcement to counter the 
                threat identified in subparagraph (A); and
                    (E) an assessment of what, if any, 
                additional research and development the 
                Department needs to counter the threat 
                identified in subparagraph (A).
            (2) Unclassified form.--The report required under 
        paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, 
        but may contain a classified annex.

                    Subtitle B--Information Security

SEC. 221. [6 U.S.C. 141] PROCEDURES FOR SHARING INFORMATION.

     The Secretary shall establish procedures on the use of 
information shared under this title that--
            (1) limit the redissemination of such information 
        to ensure that it is not used for an unauthorized 
        purpose;
            (2) ensure the security and confidentiality of such 
        information;
            (3) protect the constitutional and statutory rights 
        of any individuals who are subjects of such 
        information; and
            (4) provide data integrity through the timely 
        removal and destruction of obsolete or erroneous names 
        and information.

SEC. 222. [6 U.S.C. 142] PRIVACY OFFICER.

    (a) Appointment and Responsibilities.--The Secretary shall 
appoint a senior official in the Department, who shall report 
directly to the Secretary, to assume primary responsibility for 
privacy policy, including--
            (1) assuring that the use of technologies sustain, 
        and do not erode, privacy protections relating to the 
        use, collection, and disclosure of personal 
        information;
            (2) assuring that personal information contained in 
        Privacy Act systems of records is handled in full 
        compliance with fair information practices as set out 
        in the Privacy Act of 1974;
            (3) evaluating legislative and regulatory proposals 
        involving collection, use, and disclosure of personal 
        information by the Federal Government;
            (4) conducting a privacy impact assessment of 
        proposed rules of the Department or that of the 
        Department on the privacy of personal information, 
        including the type of personal information collected 
        and the number of people affected;
            (5) coordinating with the Officer for Civil Rights 
        and Civil Liberties to ensure that--
                    (A) programs, policies, and procedures 
                involving civil rights, civil liberties, and 
                privacy considerations are addressed in an 
                integrated and comprehensive manner; and
                    (B) Congress receives appropriate reports 
                on such programs, policies, and procedures; and
            (6) preparing a report to Congress on an annual 
        basis on activities of the Department that affect 
        privacy, including complaints of privacy violations, 
        implementation of the Privacy Act of 1974, internal 
        controls, and other matters.
    (b) Authority To Investigate.--
            (1) In general.--The senior official appointed 
        under subsection (a) may--
                    (A) have access to all records, reports, 
                audits, reviews, documents, papers, 
                recommendations, and other materials available 
                to the Department that relate to programs and 
                operations with respect to the responsibilities 
                of the senior official under this section;
                    (B) make such investigations and reports 
                relating to the administration of the programs 
                and operations of the Department as are, in the 
                senior official's judgment, necessary or 
                desirable;
                    (C) subject to the approval of the 
                Secretary, require by subpoena the production, 
                by any person other than a Federal agency, of 
                all information, documents, reports, answers, 
                records, accounts, papers, and other data and 
                documentary evidence necessary to performance 
                of the responsibilities of the senior official 
                under this section; and
                    (D) administer to or take from any person 
                an oath, affirmation, or affidavit, whenever 
                necessary to performance of the 
                responsibilities of the senior official under 
                this section.
            (2) Enforcement of subpoenas.--Any subpoena issued 
        under paragraph (1)(C) shall, in the case of contumacy 
        or refusal to obey, be enforceable by order of any 
        appropriate United States district court.
            (3) Effect of oaths.--Any oath, affirmation, or 
        affidavit administered or taken under paragraph (1)(D) 
        by or before an employee of the Privacy Office 
        designated for that purpose by the senior official 
        appointed under subsection (a) shall have the same 
        force and effect as if administered or taken by or 
        before an officer having a seal of office.
    (c) Supervision and Coordination.--
            (1) In general.--The senior official appointed 
        under subsection (a) shall--
                    (A) report to, and be under the general 
                supervision of, the Secretary; and
                    (B) coordinate activities with the 
                Inspector General of the Department in order to 
                avoid duplication of effort.
            (2) Coordination with the inspector general.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the senior official appointed 
                under subsection (a) may investigate any matter 
                relating to possible violations or abuse 
                concerning the administration of any program or 
                operation of the Department relevant to the 
                purposes under this section.
                    (B) Coordination.--
                            (i) Referral.--Before initiating 
                        any investigation described under 
                        subparagraph (A), the senior official 
                        shall refer the matter and all related 
                        complaints, allegations, and 
                        information to the Inspector General of 
                        the Department.
                            (ii) Determinations and 
                        notifications by the inspector 
                        general.--
                                    (I) In general.--Not later 
                                than 30 days after the receipt 
                                of a matter referred under 
                                clause (i), the Inspector 
                                General shall--
                                            (aa) make a 
                                        determination regarding 
                                        whether the Inspector 
                                        General intends to 
                                        initiate an audit or 
                                        investigation of the 
                                        matter referred under 
                                        clause (i); and
                                            (bb) notify the 
                                        senior official of that 
                                        determination.
                                    (II) Investigation not 
                                initiated.--If the Inspector 
                                General notifies the senior 
                                official under subclause 
                                (I)(bb) that the Inspector 
                                General intended to initiate an 
                                audit or investigation, but 
                                does not initiate that audit or 
                                investigation within 90 days 
                                after providing that 
                                notification, the Inspector 
                                General shall further notify 
                                the senior official that an 
                                audit or investigation was not 
                                initiated. The further 
                                notification under this 
                                subclause shall be made not 
                                later than 3 days after the end 
                                of that 90-day period.
                            (iii) Investigation by senior 
                        official.--The senior official may 
                        investigate a matter referred under 
                        clause (i) if--
                                    (I) the Inspector General 
                                notifies the senior official 
                                under clause (ii)(I)(bb) that 
                                the Inspector General does not 
                                intend to initiate an audit or 
                                investigation relating to that 
                                matter; or
                                    (II) the Inspector General 
                                provides a further notification 
                                under clause (ii)(II) relating 
                                to that matter.
                            (iv) Privacy training.--Any 
                        employee of the Office of Inspector 
                        General who audits or investigates any 
                        matter referred under clause (i) shall 
                        be required to receive adequate 
                        training on privacy laws, rules, and 
                        regulations, to be provided by an 
                        entity approved by the Inspector 
                        General in consultation with the senior 
                        official appointed under subsection 
                        (a).
    (d) Notification to Congress on Removal.--If the Secretary 
removes the senior official appointed under subsection (a) or 
transfers that senior official to another position or location 
within the Department, the Secretary shall--
            (1) promptly submit a written notification of the 
        removal or transfer to Houses of Congress; and
            (2) include in any such notification the reasons 
        for the removal or transfer.
    (e) Reports by Senior Official to Congress.--The senior 
official appointed under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) submit reports directly to the Congress 
        regarding performance of the responsibilities of the 
        senior official under this section, without any prior 
        comment or amendment by the Secretary, Deputy 
        Secretary, or any other officer or employee of the 
        Department or the Office of Management and Budget; and
            (2) inform the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Homeland Security of the House of Representatives not 
        later than--
                    (A) 30 days after the Secretary disapproves 
                the senior official's request for a subpoena 
                under subsection (b)(1)(C) or the Secretary 
                substantively modifies the requested subpoena; 
                or
                    (B) 45 days after the senior official's 
                request for a subpoena under subsection 
                (b)(1)(C), if that subpoena has not either been 
                approved or disapproved by the Secretary.

              Subtitle C--Office of Science and Technology

SEC. 231. [6 U.S.C. 161] ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE; DIRECTOR.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--There is hereby established within 
        the Department of Justice an Office of Science and 
        Technology (hereinafter in this title referred to as 
        the ``Office'').
            (2) Authority.--The Office shall be under the 
        general authority of the Assistant Attorney General, 
        Office of Justice Programs, and shall be established 
        within the National Institute of Justice.
    (b) Director.--The Office shall be headed by a Director, 
who shall be an individual appointed based on approval by the 
Office of Personnel Management of the executive qualifications 
of the individual.

SEC. 232. [6 U.S.C. 162] MISSION OF OFFICE; DUTIES.

    (a) Mission.--The mission of the Office shall be--
            (1) to serve as the national focal point for work 
        on law enforcement technology; and
            (2) to carry out programs that, through the 
        provision of equipment, training, and technical 
        assistance, improve the safety and effectiveness of law 
        enforcement technology and improve access to such 
        technology by Federal, State, and local law enforcement 
        agencies.
    (b) Duties.--In carrying out its mission, the Office shall 
have the following duties:
            (1) To provide recommendations and advice to the 
        Attorney General.
            (2) To establish and maintain advisory groups 
        (which shall be exempt from the provisions of the 
        Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.)) to 
        assess the law enforcement technology needs of Federal, 
        State, and local law enforcement agencies.
            (3) To establish and maintain performance standards 
        in accordance with the National Technology Transfer and 
        Advancement Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-113) for, and 
        test and evaluate law enforcement technologies that may 
        be used by, Federal, State, and local law enforcement 
        agencies.
            (4) To establish and maintain a program to certify, 
        validate, and mark or otherwise recognize law 
        enforcement technology products that conform to 
        standards established and maintained by the Office in 
        accordance with the National Technology Transfer and 
        Advancement Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-113). The 
        program may, at the discretion of the Office, allow for 
        supplier's declaration of conformity with such 
        standards.
            (5) To work with other entities within the 
        Department of Justice, other Federal agencies, and the 
        executive office of the President to establish a 
        coordinated Federal approach on issues related to law 
        enforcement technology.
            (6) To carry out research, development, testing, 
        evaluation, and cost-benefit analyses in fields that 
        would improve the safety, effectiveness, and efficiency 
        of law enforcement technologies used by Federal, State, 
        and local law enforcement agencies, including, but not 
        limited to--
                    (A) weapons capable of preventing use by 
                unauthorized persons, including personalized 
                guns;
                    (B) protective apparel;
                    (C) bullet-resistant and explosion-
                resistant glass;
                    (D) monitoring systems and alarm systems 
                capable of providing precise location 
                information;
                    (E) wire and wireless interoperable 
                communication technologies;
                    (F) tools and techniques that facilitate 
                investigative and forensic work, including 
                computer forensics;
                    (G) equipment for particular use in 
                counterterrorism, including devices and 
                technologies to disable terrorist devices;
                    (H) guides to assist State and local law 
                enforcement agencies;
                    (I) DNA identification technologies; and
                    (J) tools and techniques that facilitate 
                investigations of computer crime.
            (7) To administer a program of research, 
        development, testing, and demonstration to improve the 
        interoperability of voice and data public safety 
        communications.
            (8) To serve on the Technical Support Working Group 
        of the Department of Defense, and on other relevant 
        interagency panels, as requested.
            (9) To develop, and disseminate to State and local 
        law enforcement agencies, technical assistance and 
        training materials for law enforcement personnel, 
        including prosecutors.
            (10) To operate the regional National Law 
        Enforcement and Corrections Technology Centers and, to 
        the extent necessary, establish additional centers 
        through a competitive process.
            (11) To administer a program of acquisition, 
        research, development, and dissemination of advanced 
        investigative analysis and forensic tools to assist 
        State and local law enforcement agencies in combating 
        cybercrime.
            (12) To support research fellowships in support of 
        its mission.
            (13) To serve as a clearinghouse for information on 
        law enforcement technologies.
            (14) To represent the United States and State and 
        local law enforcement agencies, as requested, in 
        international activities concerning law enforcement 
        technology.
            (15) To enter into contracts and cooperative 
        agreements and provide grants, which may require in-
        kind or cash matches from the recipient, as necessary 
        to carry out its mission.
            (16) To carry out other duties assigned by the 
        Attorney General to accomplish the mission of the 
        Office.
    (c) Competition Required.--Except as otherwise expressly 
provided by law, all research and development carried out by or 
through the Office shall be carried out on a competitive basis.
    (d) Information From Federal Agencies.--Federal agencies 
shall, upon request from the Office and in accordance with 
Federal law, provide the Office with any data, reports, or 
other information requested, unless compliance with such 
request is otherwise prohibited by law.
    (e) Publications.--Decisions concerning publications issued 
by the Office shall rest solely with the Director of the 
Office.
    (f) Transfer of Funds.--The Office may transfer funds to 
other Federal agencies or provide funding to non-Federal 
entities through grants, cooperative agreements, or contracts 
to carry out its duties under this section: Provided, That any 
such transfer or provision of funding shall be carried out in 
accordance with section 605 of Public Law 107-77.
    (g) Annual Report.--The Director of the Office shall 
include with the budget justification materials submitted to 
Congress in support of the Department of Justice budget for 
each fiscal year (as submitted with the budget of the President 
under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) a report 
on the activities of the Office. Each such report shall include 
the following:
            (1) For the period of 5 fiscal years beginning with 
        the fiscal year for which the budget is submitted--
                    (A) the Director's assessment of the needs 
                of Federal, State, and local law enforcement 
                agencies for assistance with respect to law 
                enforcement technology and other matters 
                consistent with the mission of the Office; and
                    (B) a strategic plan for meeting such needs 
                of such law enforcement agencies.
            (2) For the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year 
        for which such budget is submitted, a description of 
        the activities carried out by the Office and an 
        evaluation of the extent to which those activities 
        successfully meet the needs assessed under paragraph 
        (1)(A) in previous reports.

SEC. 233. [6 U.S.C. 163] DEFINITION OF LAW ENFORCEMENT TECHNOLOGY.

    For the purposes of this title, the term ``law enforcement 
technology'' includes investigative and forensic technologies, 
corrections technologies, and technologies that support the 
judicial process.

SEC. 234. [6 U.S.C. 164] ABOLISHMENT OF OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND 
                    TECHNOLOGY OF NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF JUSTICE; 
                    TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS.

    (a) Authority To Transfer Functions.--The Attorney General 
may transfer to the Office any other program or activity of the 
Department of Justice that the Attorney General, in 
consultation with the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate 
and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
Representatives, determines to be consistent with the mission 
of the Office.
    (b) Transfer of Personnel and Assets.--With respect to any 
function, power, or duty, or any program or activity, that is 
established in the Office, those employees and assets of the 
element of the Department of Justice from which the transfer is 
made that the Attorney General determines are needed to perform 
that function, power, or duty, or for that program or activity, 
as the case may be, shall be transferred to the Office: 
Provided, That any such transfer shall be carried out in 
accordance with section 605 of Public Law 107-77.
    (c) Report on Implementation.--Not later than 1 year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Attorney General 
shall submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate 
and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
Representatives a report on the implementation of this title. 
The report shall--
            (1) provide an accounting of the amounts and 
        sources of funding available to the Office to carry out 
        its mission under existing authorizations and 
        appropriations, and set forth the future funding needs 
        of the Office; and
            (2) include such other information and 
        recommendations as the Attorney General considers 
        appropriate.

SEC. 235. [6 U.S.C. 165] NATIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CORRECTIONS 
                    TECHNOLOGY CENTERS.

    (a) In General.--The Director of the Office shall operate 
and support National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology 
Centers (hereinafter in this section referred to as 
``Centers'') and, to the extent necessary, establish new 
centers through a merit-based, competitive process.
    (b) Purpose of Centers.--The purpose of the Centers shall 
be to--
            (1) support research and development of law 
        enforcement technology;
            (2) support the transfer and implementation of 
        technology;
            (3) assist in the development and dissemination of 
        guidelines and technological standards; and
            (4) provide technology assistance, information, and 
        support for law enforcement, corrections, and criminal 
        justice purposes.
    (c) Annual Meeting.--Each year, the Director shall convene 
a meeting of the Centers in order to foster collaboration and 
communication between Center participants.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 12 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Director shall transmit to the 
Congress a report assessing the effectiveness of the existing 
system of Centers and identify the number of Centers necessary 
to meet the technology needs of Federal, State, and local law 
enforcement in the United States.
    
    [Sections 236 and 237 amend other laws and are not shown 
here.]
          * * * * * * *

   TITLE III--SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN SUPPORT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

SEC. 301. [6 U.S.C. 181] UNDER SECRETARY FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.

    There shall be in the Department a Directorate of Science 
and Technology headed by an Under Secretary for Science and 
Technology.

SEC. 302. [6 U.S.C. 182] RESPONSIBILITIES AND AUTHORITIES OF THE UNDER 
                    SECRETARY FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.

     The Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for 
Science and Technology, shall have the responsibility for--
            (1) advising the Secretary regarding research and 
        development efforts and priorities in support of the 
        Department's missions;
            (2) developing, in consultation with other 
        appropriate executive agencies, a national policy and 
        strategic plan for, identifying priorities, goals, 
        objectives and policies for, and coordinating the 
        Federal Government's civilian efforts to identify and 
        develop countermeasures to chemical, biological, and 
        other emerging terrorist threats, including the 
        development of comprehensive, research-based definable 
        goals for such efforts and development of annual 
        measurable objectives and specific targets to 
        accomplish and evaluate the goals for such efforts;
            (3) supporting the Under Secretary for Intelligence 
        and Analysis and the Director of the Cybersecurity and 
        Infrastructure Security Agency, by assessing and 
        testing homeland security vulnerabilities and possible 
        threats;
            (4) conducting basic and applied research, 
        development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation 
        activities that are relevant to any or all elements of 
        the Department, through both intramural and extramural 
        programs, except that such responsibility does not 
        extend to human health-related research and development 
        activities;
            (5) establishing priorities for, directing, 
        funding, and conducting national research, development, 
        test and evaluation, and procurement of technology and 
        systems for--
                    (A) preventing the importation of chemical, 
                biological, and related weapons and material; 
                and
                    (B) detecting, preventing, protecting 
                against, and responding to terrorist attacks;
            (6) establishing a system for transferring homeland 
        security developments or technologies to Federal, 
        State, local government, and private sector entities;
            (7) entering into work agreements, joint 
        sponsorships, contracts, or any other agreements with 
        the Department of Energy regarding the use of the 
        national laboratories or sites and support of the 
        science and technology base at those facilities;
            (8) collaborating with the Secretary of Agriculture 
        and the Attorney General as provided in section 212 of 
        the Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002 (7 
        U.S.C. 8401), as amended by section 1709(b);
            (9) collaborating with the Secretary of Health and 
        Human Services and the Attorney General in determining 
        any new biological agents and toxins that shall be 
        listed as ``select agents'' in Appendix A of part 72 of 
        title 42, Code of Federal Regulations, pursuant to 
        section 351A of the Public Health Service Act (42 
        U.S.C. 262a);
            (10) supporting United States leadership in science 
        and technology;
            (11) establishing and administering the primary 
        research and development activities of the Department, 
        including the long-term research and development needs 
        and capabilities for all elements of the Department;
            (12) coordinating and integrating all research, 
        development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation 
        activities of the Department;
            (13) coordinating with other appropriate executive 
        agencies in developing and carrying out the science and 
        technology agenda of the Department to reduce 
        duplication and identify unmet needs; and
            (14) developing and overseeing the administration 
        of guidelines for merit review of research and 
        development projects throughout the Department, and for 
        the dissemination of research conducted or sponsored by 
        the Department.

SEC. 303. [6 U.S.C. 183] FUNCTIONS TRANSFERRED.

     In accordance with title XV, there shall be transferred to 
the Secretary the functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities 
of the following entities:
            (1) The following programs and activities of the 
        Department of Energy, including the functions of the 
        Secretary of Energy relating thereto (but not including 
        programs and activities relating to the strategic 
        nuclear defense posture of the United States):
                    (A) The chemical and biological national 
                security and supporting programs and activities 
                of the nonproliferation and verification 
                research and development program.
                    (B) The nuclear smuggling programs and 
                activities within the proliferation detection 
                program of the nonproliferation and 
                verification research and development program. 
                The programs and activities described in this 
                subparagraph may be designated by the President 
                either for transfer to the Department or for 
                joint operation by the Secretary and the 
                Secretary of Energy.
                    (C) The nuclear assessment program and 
                activities of the assessment, detection, and 
                cooperation program of the international 
                materials protection and cooperation program.
                    (D) Such life sciences activities of the 
                biological and environmental research program 
                related to microbial pathogens as may be 
                designated by the President for transfer to the 
                Department.
                    (E) The Environmental Measurements 
                Laboratory.
                    (F) The advanced scientific computing 
                research program and activities at Lawrence 
                Livermore National Laboratory.
            (2) The National Bio-Weapons Defense Analysis 
        Center of the Department of Defense, including the 
        functions of the Secretary of Defense related thereto.

SEC. 304. [6 U.S.C. 184] CONDUCT OF CERTAIN PUBLIC HEALTH-RELATED 
                    ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--With respect to civilian human health-
related research and development activities relating to 
countermeasures for chemical, biological, radiological, and 
nuclear and other emerging terrorist threats carried out by the 
Department of Health and Human Services (including the Public 
Health Service), the Secretary of Health and Human Services 
shall set priorities, goals, objectives, and policies and 
develop a coordinated strategy for such activities in 
collaboration with the Secretary of Homeland Security to ensure 
consistency with the national policy and strategic plan 
developed pursuant to section 302(2).
    (b) Evaluation of Progress.--In carrying out subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall 
collaborate with the Secretary in developing specific 
benchmarks and outcome measurements for evaluating progress 
toward achieving the priorities and goals described in such 
subsection.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 305. [6 U.S.C. 185] FEDERALLY FUNDED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                    CENTERS.

    The Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for 
Science and Technology, shall have the authority to establish 
or contract with 1 or more federally funded research and 
development centers to provide independent analysis of homeland 
security issues, or to carry out other responsibilities under 
this Act, including coordinating and integrating both the 
extramural and intramural programs described in section 308.

SEC. 306. [6 U.S.C. 186] MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.

    (a) Classification.--To the greatest extent practicable, 
research conducted or supported by the Department shall be 
unclassified.
    (b) Construction.--Nothing in this title shall be construed 
to preclude any Under Secretary of the Department from carrying 
out research, development, demonstration, or deployment 
activities, as long as such activities are coordinated through 
the Under Secretary for Science and Technology.
    (c) Regulations.--The Secretary, acting through the Under 
Secretary for Science and Technology, may issue necessary 
regulations with respect to research, development, 
demonstration, testing, and evaluation activities of the 
Department, including the conducting, funding, and reviewing of 
such activities.
    (d) Notification of Presidential Life Sciences 
Designations.--Not later than 60 days before effecting any 
transfer of Department of Energy life sciences activities 
pursuant to section 303(1)(D) of this Act, the President shall 
notify the appropriate congressional committees of the proposed 
transfer and shall include the reasons for the transfer and a 
description of the effect of the transfer on the activities of 
the Department of Energy.

SEC. 307. [6 U.S.C. 187] HOMELAND SECURITY ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS 
                    AGENCY.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Fund.--The term ``Fund'' means the Acceleration 
        Fund for Research and Development of Homeland Security 
        Technologies established in subsection (c).
            (2) Homeland security research.--The term 
        ``homeland security research'' means research relevant 
        to the detection of, prevention of, protection against, 
        response to, attribution of, and recovery from homeland 
        security threats, particularly acts of terrorism.
            (3) HSARPA.--The term ``HSARPA'' means the Homeland 
        Security Advanced Research Projects Agency established 
        in subsection (b).
            (4) Under secretary.--The term ``Under Secretary'' 
        means the Under Secretary for Science and Technology.
    (b) Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency.--
            (1) Establishment.--There is established the 
        Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency.
            (2) Director.--HSARPA shall be headed by a 
        Director, who shall be appointed by the Secretary. The 
        Director shall report to the Under Secretary.
            (3) Responsibilities.--The Director shall 
        administer the Fund to award competitive, merit-
        reviewed grants, cooperative agreements or contracts to 
        public or private entities, including businesses, 
        federally funded research and development centers, and 
        universities. The Director shall administer the Fund 
        to--
                    (A) support basic and applied homeland 
                security research to promote revolutionary 
                changes in technologies that would promote 
                homeland security;
                    (B) advance the development, testing and 
                evaluation, and deployment of critical homeland 
                security technologies;
                    (C) accelerate the prototyping and 
                deployment of technologies that would address 
                homeland security vulnerabilities; and
                    (D) conduct research and development for 
                the purpose of advancing technology for the 
                investigation of child exploitation crimes, 
                including child victim identification, 
                trafficking in persons, and child pornography, 
                and for advanced forensics.
            (4) Targeted competitions.--The Director may 
        solicit proposals to address specific vulnerabilities 
        identified by the Director.
            (5) Coordination.--The Director shall ensure that 
        the activities of HSARPA are coordinated with those of 
        other relevant research agencies, and may run projects 
        jointly with other agencies.
            (6) Personnel.--In hiring personnel for HSARPA, the 
        Secretary shall have the hiring and management 
        authorities described in section 1101 of the Strom 
        Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 1999 (5 U.S.C. 3104 note; Public Law 105-261). The 
        term of appointments for employees under subsection 
        (c)(1) of that section may not exceed 5 years before 
        the granting of any extension under subsection (c)(2) 
        of that section.
            (7) Demonstrations.--The Director, periodically, 
        shall hold homeland security technology demonstrations 
        to improve contact among technology developers, vendors 
        and acquisition personnel.
    (c) Fund.--
            (1) Establishment.--There is established the 
        Acceleration Fund for Research and Development of 
        Homeland Security Technologies, which shall be 
        administered by the Director of HSARPA.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated $500,000,000 to the Fund 
        for fiscal year 2003 and such sums as may be necessary 
        thereafter.
            (3) Coast guard.--Of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated under paragraph (2), not less than 10 
        percent of such funds for each fiscal year through 
        fiscal year 2005 shall be authorized only for the Under 
        Secretary, through joint agreement with the Commandant 
        of the Coast Guard, to carry out research and 
        development of improved ports, waterways and coastal 
        security surveillance and perimeter protection 
        capabilities for the purpose of minimizing the 
        possibility that Coast Guard cutters, aircraft, 
        helicopters, and personnel will be diverted from non-
        homeland security missions to the ports, waterways and 
        coastal security mission.

SEC. 308. [6 U.S.C. 188] CONDUCT OF RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, 
                    DEMONSTRATION, TESTING AND EVALUATION.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary, acting through the Under 
Secretary for Science and Technology, shall carry out the 
responsibilities under section 302(4) through both extramural 
and intramural programs.
    (b) Extramural Programs.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the 
        Under Secretary for Science and Technology, shall 
        operate extramural research, development, 
        demonstration, testing, and evaluation programs so as 
        to--
                    (A) ensure that colleges, universities, 
                private research institutes, and companies (and 
                consortia thereof) from as many areas of the 
                United States as practicable participate;
                    (B) ensure that the research funded is of 
                high quality, as determined through merit 
                review processes developed under section 
                302(14); and
                    (C) distribute funds through grants, 
                cooperative agreements, and contracts.
            (2) University-based centers for homeland 
        security.--
                    (A) Designation.--The Secretary, acting 
                through the Under Secretary for Science and 
                Technology, shall designate a university-based 
                center or several university-based centers for 
                homeland security. The purpose of the center or 
                these centers shall be to establish a 
                coordinated, university-based system to enhance 
                the Nation's homeland security.
                    (B) Criteria for designation.--Criteria for 
                the designation of colleges or universities as 
                a center for homeland security, shall include, 
                but are not limited to, demonstrated expertise 
                in--
                            (i) The training of first 
                        responders.
                            (ii) Responding to incidents 
                        involving weapons of mass destruction 
                        and biological warfare.
                            (iii) Emergency and diagnostic 
                        medical services.
                            (iv) Chemical, biological, 
                        radiological, and nuclear 
                        countermeasures or detection.
                            (v) Animal and plant health and 
                        diagnostics.
                            (vi) Food safety.
                            (vii) Water and wastewater 
                        operations.
                            (viii) Port and waterway security.
                            (ix) Multi-modal transportation.
                            (x) Information security and 
                        information engineering.
                            (xi) Engineering.
                            (xii) Educational outreach and 
                        technical assistance.
                            (xiii) Border transportation and 
                        security.
                            (xiv) The public policy 
                        implications and public dissemination 
                        of homeland security related research 
                        and development.
                    (C) Discretion of secretary.--To the extent 
                that exercising such discretion is in the 
                interest of homeland security, and with respect 
                to the designation of any given university-
                based center for homeland security, the 
                Secretary may except certain criteria as 
                specified in section 308(b)(2)(B) and consider 
                additional criteria beyond those specified in 
                section 308(b)(2)(B). Upon designation of a 
                university-based center for homeland security, 
                the Secretary shall that day publish in the 
                Federal Register the criteria that were 
                excepted or added in the selection process and 
                the justification for the set of criteria that 
                were used for that designation.
                    (D) Report to congress.--The Secretary 
                shall report annually, from the date of 
                enactment, to Congress concerning the 
                implementation of this section. That report 
                shall indicate which center or centers have 
                been designated and how the designation or 
                designations enhance homeland security, as well 
                as report any decisions to revoke or modify 
                such designations.
                    (E) Authorization of appropriations.--There 
                are authorized to be appropriated such sums as 
                may be necessary to carry out this paragraph.
    (c) Intramural Programs.--
            (1) Consultation.--In carrying out the duties under 
        section 302, the Secretary, acting through the Under 
        Secretary for Science and Technology, may draw upon the 
        expertise of any laboratory of the Federal Government, 
        whether operated by a contractor or the Government.
            (2) Laboratories.--The Secretary, acting through 
        the Under Secretary for Science and Technology, may 
        establish a headquarters laboratory for the Department 
        at any laboratory or site and may establish additional 
        laboratory units at other laboratories or sites.
            (3) Criteria for headquarters laboratory.--If the 
        Secretary chooses to establish a headquarters 
        laboratory pursuant to paragraph (2), then the 
        Secretary shall do the following:
                    (A) Establish criteria for the selection of 
                the headquarters laboratory in consultation 
                with the National Academy of Sciences, 
                appropriate Federal agencies, and other 
                experts.
                    (B) Publish the criteria in the Federal 
                Register.
                    (C) Evaluate all appropriate laboratories 
                or sites against the criteria.
                    (D) Select a laboratory or site on the 
                basis of the criteria.
                    (E) Report to the appropriate congressional 
                committees on which laboratory was selected, 
                how the selected laboratory meets the published 
                criteria, and what duties the headquarters 
                laboratory shall perform.
            (4) Limitation on operation of laboratories.--No 
        laboratory shall begin operating as the headquarters 
        laboratory of the Department until at least 30 days 
        after the transmittal of the report required by 
        paragraph (3)(E).

SEC. 309. [6 U.S.C. 189] UTILIZATION OF DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL 
                    LABORATORIES AND SITES IN SUPPORT OF HOMELAND 
                    SECURITY ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Authority to Utilize National Laboratories and Sites.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out the missions of 
        the Department, the Secretary may utilize the 
        Department of Energy national laboratories and sites 
        through any 1 or more of the following methods, as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate:
                    (A) A joint sponsorship arrangement 
                referred to in subsection (b).
                    (B) A direct contract between the 
                Department and the applicable Department of 
                Energy laboratory or site, subject to 
                subsection (c).
                    (C) Any ``work for others'' basis made 
                available by that laboratory or site.
                    (D) Any other method provided by law.
            (2) Acceptance and Performance by Labs and Sites.--
        Notwithstanding any other law governing the 
        administration, mission, use, or operations of any of 
        the Department of Energy national laboratories and 
        sites, such laboratories and sites are authorized to 
        accept and perform work for the Secretary, consistent 
        with resources provided, and perform such work on an 
        equal basis to other missions at the laboratory and not 
        on a noninterference basis with other missions of such 
        laboratory or site.
    (b) Joint Sponsorship Arrangements.--
            (1) Laboratories.--The Department may be a joint 
        sponsor, under a multiple agency sponsorship 
        arrangement with the Department of Energy, of 1 or more 
        Department of Energy national laboratories in the 
        performance of work.
            (2) Sites.--The Department may be a joint sponsor 
        of a Department of Energy site in the performance of 
        work as if such site were a federally funded research 
        and development center and the work were performed 
        under a multiple agency sponsorship arrangement with 
        the Department.
            (3) Primary sponsor.--The Department of Energy 
        shall be the primary sponsor under a multiple agency 
        sponsorship arrangement referred to in paragraph (1) or 
        (2).
            (4) Lead agent.--The Secretary of Energy shall act 
        as the lead agent in coordinating the formation and 
        performance of a joint sponsorship arrangement under 
        this subsection between the Department and a Department 
        of Energy national laboratory or site.
            (5) Federal acquisition regulation.--Any work 
        performed by a Department of Energy national laboratory 
        or site under a joint sponsorship arrangement under 
        this subsection shall comply with the policy on the use 
        of federally funded research and development centers 
        under the Federal Acquisition Regulations.
            (6) Funding.--The Department shall provide funds 
        for work at the Department of Energy national 
        laboratories or sites, as the case may be, under a 
        joint sponsorship arrangement under this subsection 
        under the same terms and conditions as apply to the 
        primary sponsor of such national laboratory under 
        section 303(b)(1)(C) of the Federal Property and 
        Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 
        253(b)(1)(C)) or of such site to the extent such 
        section applies to such site as a federally funded 
        research and development center by reason of this 
        subsection.
    (c) Separate Contracting.--To the extent that programs or 
activities transferred by this Act from the Department of 
Energy to the Department of Homeland Security are being carried 
out through direct contracts with the operator of a national 
laboratory or site of the Department of Energy, the Secretary 
of Homeland Security and the Secretary of Energy shall ensure 
that direct contracts for such programs and activities between 
the Department of Homeland Security and such operator are 
separate from the direct contracts of the Department of Energy 
with such operator.
    (d) Authority With Respect to Cooperative Research and 
Development Agreements and Licensing Agreements.--In connection 
with any utilization of the Department of Energy national 
laboratories and sites under this section, the Secretary may 
permit the director of any such national laboratory or site to 
enter into cooperative research and development agreements or 
to negotiate licensing agreements with any person, any agency 
or instrumentality, of the United States, any unit of State or 
local government, and any other entity under the authority 
granted by section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a). Technology may be 
transferred to a non-Federal party to such an agreement 
consistent with the provisions of sections 11 and 12 of that 
Act (15 U.S.C. 3710, 3710a).
    (e) Reimbursement of Costs.--In the case of an activity 
carried out by the operator of a Department of Energy national 
laboratory or site in connection with any utilization of such 
laboratory or site under this section, the Department of 
Homeland Security shall reimburse the Department of Energy for 
costs of such activity through a method under which the 
Secretary of Energy waives any requirement for the Department 
of Homeland Security to pay administrative charges or personnel 
costs of the Department of Energy or its contractors in excess 
of the amount that the Secretary of Energy pays for an activity 
carried out by such contractor and paid for by the Department 
of Energy.
    (f) Laboratory Directed Research and Development by the 
Department of Energy.--No funds authorized to be appropriated 
or otherwise made available to the Department in any fiscal 
year may be obligated or expended for laboratory directed 
research and development activities carried out by the 
Department of Energy unless such activities support the 
missions of the Department of Homeland Security.
    (g) Office for National Laboratories.--There is established 
within the Directorate of Science and Technology an Office for 
National Laboratories, which shall be responsible for the 
coordination and utilization of the Department of Energy 
national laboratories and sites under this section in a manner 
to create a networked laboratory system for the purpose of 
supporting the missions of the Department.
    (h) Department of Energy Coordination on Homeland Security 
Related Research.--The Secretary of Energy shall ensure that 
any research, development, test, and evaluation activities 
conducted within the Department of Energy that are directly or 
indirectly related to homeland security are fully coordinated 
with the Secretary to minimize duplication of effort and 
maximize the effective application of Federal budget resources.

SEC. 310. [6 U.S.C. 190] TRANSFER OF PLUM ISLAND ANIMAL DISEASE CENTER, 
                    DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.

    (a) In General.--In accordance with title XV, the Secretary 
of Agriculture shall transfer to the Secretary of Homeland 
Security the Plum Island Animal Disease Center of the 
Department of Agriculture, including the assets and liabilities 
of the Center.
    (b) Continued Department of Agriculture Access.--On 
completion of the transfer of the Plum Island Animal Disease 
Center under subsection (a), the Secretary of Homeland Security 
and the Secretary of Agriculture shall enter into an agreement 
to ensure that the Department of Agriculture is able to carry 
out research, diagnostic, and other activities of the 
Department of Agriculture at the Center.
    (c) Direction of Activities.--The Secretary of Agriculture 
shall continue to direct the research, diagnostic, and other 
activities of the Department of Agriculture at the Center 
described in subsection (b).
    (d) Notification.--
            (1) In general.--At least 180 days before any 
        change in the biosafety level at the Plum Island Animal 
        Disease Center, the President shall notify Congress of 
        the change and describe the reasons for the change.
            (2) Limitation.--No change described in paragraph 
        (1) may be made earlier than 180 days after the 
        completion of the transition period (as defined in 
        section 1501).

SEC. 311. [6 U.S.C. 191] HOMELAND SECURITY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                    ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established within the 
Department a Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory 
Committee (in this section referred to as the ``Advisory 
Committee''). The Advisory Committee shall make recommendations 
with respect to the activities of the Under Secretary for 
Science and Technology, including identifying research areas of 
potential importance to the security of the Nation.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) Appointment.--The Advisory Committee shall 
        consist of 20 members appointed by the Under Secretary 
        for Science and Technology, which shall include 
        emergency first-responders or representatives of 
        organizations or associations of emergency first-
        responders. The Advisory Committee shall also include 
        representatives of citizen groups, including 
        economically disadvantaged communities. The individuals 
        appointed as members of the Advisory Committee--
                    (A) shall be eminent in fields such as 
                emergency response, research, engineering, new 
                product development, business, and management 
                consulting;
                    (B) shall be selected solely on the basis 
                of established records of distinguished 
                service;
                    (C) shall not be employees of the Federal 
                Government; and
                    (D) shall be so selected as to provide 
                representation of a cross-section of the 
                research, development, demonstration, and 
                deployment activities supported by the Under 
                Secretary for Science and Technology.
            (2) National research council.--The Under Secretary 
        for Science and Technology may enter into an 
        arrangement for the National Research Council to select 
        members of the Advisory Committee, but only if the 
        panel used by the National Research Council reflects 
        the representation described in paragraph (1).
    (c) Terms of Office.--
            (1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in 
        this subsection, the term of office of each member of 
        the Advisory Committee shall be 3 years.
            (2) Original appointments.--The original members of 
        the Advisory Committee shall be appointed to three 
        classes. One class of six shall have a term of 1 year, 
        one class of seven a term of 2 years, and one class of 
        seven a term of 3 years.
            (3) Vacancies.--A member appointed to fill a 
        vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for 
        which the member's predecessor was appointed shall be 
        appointed for the remainder of such term.
    (d) Eligibility.--A person who has completed two 
consecutive full terms of service on the Advisory Committee 
shall thereafter be ineligible for appointment during the 1-
year period following the expiration of the second such term.
    (e) Meetings.--The Advisory Committee shall meet at least 
quarterly at the call of the Chair or whenever one-third of the 
members so request in writing. Each member shall be given 
appropriate notice of the call of each meeting, whenever 
possible not less than 15 days before the meeting.
    (f) Quorum.--A majority of the members of the Advisory 
Committee not having a conflict of interest in the matter being 
considered by the Advisory Committee shall constitute a quorum.
    (g) Conflict of Interest Rules.--The Advisory Committee 
shall establish rules for determining when 1 of its members has 
a conflict of interest in a matter being considered by the 
Advisory Committee.
    (h) Reports.--
            (1) Annual report.--The Advisory Committee shall 
        render an annual report to the Under Secretary for 
        Science and Technology for transmittal to Congress on 
        or before January 31 of each year. Such report shall 
        describe the activities and recommendations of the 
        Advisory Committee during the previous year.
            (2) Additional reports.--The Advisory Committee may 
        render to the Under Secretary for transmittal to 
        Congress such additional reports on specific policy 
        matters as it considers appropriate.
    (i) Federal Advisory Committee Act Exemption.--Section 14 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act shall not apply to the 
Advisory Committee.
    (j) Termination.--The Department of Homeland Security 
Science and Technology Advisory Committee shall terminate on 
December 31, 2008.

SEC. 312. [6 U.S.C. 192] HOMELAND SECURITY INSTITUTE.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a 
federally funded research and development center to be known as 
the ``Homeland Security Institute'' (in this section referred 
to as the ``Institute'').
    (b) Administration.--The Institute shall be administered as 
a separate entity by the Secretary.
    (c) Duties.--The duties of the Institute shall be 
determined by the Secretary, and may include the following:
            (1) Systems analysis, risk analysis, and simulation 
        and modeling to determine the vulnerabilities of the 
        Nation's critical infrastructures and the effectiveness 
        of the systems deployed to reduce those 
        vulnerabilities.
            (2) Economic and policy analysis to assess the 
        distributed costs and benefits of alternative 
        approaches to enhancing security.
            (3) Evaluation of the effectiveness of measures 
        deployed to enhance the security of institutions, 
        facilities, and infrastructure that may be terrorist 
        targets.
            (4) Identification of instances when common 
        standards and protocols could improve the 
        interoperability and effective utilization of tools 
        developed for field operators and first responders.
            (5) Assistance for Federal agencies and departments 
        in establishing testbeds to evaluate the effectiveness 
        of technologies under development and to assess the 
        appropriateness of such technologies for deployment.
            (6) Design of metrics and use of those metrics to 
        evaluate the effectiveness of homeland security 
        programs throughout the Federal Government, including 
        all national laboratories.
            (7) Design of and support for the conduct of 
        homeland security-related exercises and simulations.
            (8) Creation of strategic technology development 
        plans to reduce vulnerabilities in the Nation's 
        critical infrastructure and key resources.
    (d) Consultation on Institute Activities.--In carrying out 
the duties described in subsection (c), the Institute shall 
consult widely with representatives from private industry, 
institutions of higher education, nonprofit institutions, other 
Government agencies, and federally funded research and 
development centers.
    (e) Use of Centers.--The Institute shall utilize the 
capabilities of the National Infrastructure Simulation and 
Analysis Center.
    (f) Annual Reports.--The Institute shall transmit to the 
Secretary and Congress an annual report on the activities of 
the Institute under this section.
    (g) Termination.--The Homeland Security Institute shall 
terminate 5 years after its establishment.

SEC. 313. [6 U.S.C. 193] TECHNOLOGY CLEARINGHOUSE TO ENCOURAGE AND 
                    SUPPORT INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS TO ENHANCE HOMELAND 
                    SECURITY.

    (a) Establishment of Program.--The Secretary, acting 
through the Under Secretary for Science and Technology, shall 
establish and promote a program to encourage technological 
innovation in facilitating the mission of the Department (as 
described in section 101).
    (b) Elements of Program.--The program described in 
subsection (a) shall include the following components:
            (1) The establishment of a centralized Federal 
        clearinghouse for information relating to technologies 
        that would further the mission of the Department for 
        dissemination, as appropriate, to Federal, State, and 
        local government and private sector entities for 
        additional review, purchase, or use.
            (2) The issuance of announcements seeking unique 
        and innovative technologies to advance the mission of 
        the Department.
            (3) The establishment of a technical assistance 
        team to assist in screening, as appropriate, proposals 
        submitted to the Secretary (except as provided in 
        subsection (c)(2)) to assess the feasibility, 
        scientific and technical merits, and estimated cost of 
        such proposals, as appropriate.
            (4) The provision of guidance, recommendations, and 
        technical assistance, as appropriate, to assist 
        Federal, State, and local government and private sector 
        efforts to evaluate and implement the use of 
        technologies described in paragraph (1) or (2).
            (5) The provision of information for persons 
        seeking guidance on how to pursue proposals to develop 
        or deploy technologies that would enhance homeland 
        security, including information relating to Federal 
        funding, regulation, or acquisition.
    (c) Miscellaneous Provisions.--
            (1) In general.--Nothing in this section shall be 
        construed as authorizing the Secretary or the technical 
        assistance team established under subsection (b)(3) to 
        set standards for technology to be used by the 
        Department, any other executive agency, any State or 
        local government entity, or any private sector entity.
            (2) Certain proposals.--The technical assistance 
        team established under subsection (b)(3) shall not 
        consider or evaluate proposals submitted in response to 
        a solicitation for offers for a pending procurement or 
        for a specific agency requirement.
            (3) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, 
        the Secretary shall coordinate with the Technical 
        Support Working Group (organized under the April 1982 
        National Security Decision Directive Numbered 30).

SEC. 314. OFFICE FOR INTEROPERABILITY AND COMPATIBILITY.

    (a) Clarification of Responsibilities.--The Director of the 
Office for Interoperability and Compatibility shall--
            (1) assist the Secretary in developing and 
        implementing the science and technology aspects of the 
        program described in subparagraphs (D), (E), (F), and 
        (G) of section 7303(a)(1) of the Intelligence Reform 
        and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 
        194(a)(1));
            (2) in coordination with the Federal Communications 
        Commission, the National Institute of Standards and 
        Technology, and other Federal departments and agencies 
        with responsibility for standards, support the creation 
        of national voluntary consensus standards for 
        interoperable emergency communications;
            (3) establish a comprehensive research, 
        development, testing, and evaluation program for 
        improving interoperable emergency communications;
            (4) establish, in coordination with the Director 
        for Emergency Communications, requirements for 
        interoperable emergency communications capabilities, 
        which shall be nonproprietary where standards for such 
        capabilities exist, for all public safety radio and 
        data communications systems and equipment purchased 
        using homeland security assistance administered by the 
        Department, excluding any alert and warning device, 
        technology, or system;
            (5) carry out the Department's responsibilities and 
        authorities relating to research, development, testing, 
        evaluation, or standards-related elements of the 
        SAFECOM Program;
            (6) evaluate and assess new technology in real-
        world environments to achieve interoperable emergency 
        communications capabilities;
            (7) encourage more efficient use of existing 
        resources, including equipment, to achieve 
        interoperable emergency communications capabilities;
            (8) test public safety communications systems that 
        are less prone to failure, support new nonvoice 
        services, use spectrum more efficiently, and cost less 
        than existing systems;
            (9) coordinate with the private sector to develop 
        solutions to improve emergency communications 
        capabilities and achieve interoperable emergency 
        communications capabilities; and
            (10) conduct pilot projects, in coordination with 
        the Director for Emergency Communications, to test and 
        demonstrate technologies, including data and video, 
        that enhance--
                    (A) the ability of emergency response 
                providers and relevant government officials to 
                continue to communicate in the event of natural 
                disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-
                made disasters; and
                    (B) interoperable emergency communications 
                capabilities.
    (b) Coordination.--The Director of the Office for 
Interoperability and Compatibility shall coordinate with the 
Director for Emergency Communications with respect to the 
SAFECOM program.
    (c) Sufficiency of Resources.--The Secretary shall provide 
the Office for Interoperability and Compatibility the resources 
and staff necessary to carry out the responsibilities under 
this section.

SEC. 315. EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS INTEROPERABILITY RESEARCH AND 
                    DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary for Science and 
Technology, acting through the Director of the Office for 
Interoperability and Compatibility, shall establish a 
comprehensive research and development program to support and 
promote--
            (1) the ability of emergency response providers and 
        relevant government officials to continue to 
        communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts of 
        terrorism, and other man-made disasters; and
            (2) interoperable emergency communications 
        capabilities among emergency response providers and 
        relevant government officials, including by--
                    (A) supporting research on a competitive 
                basis, including through the Directorate of 
                Science and Technology and Homeland Security 
                Advanced Research Projects Agency; and
                    (B) considering the establishment of a 
                Center of Excellence under the Department of 
                Homeland Security Centers of Excellence Program 
                focused on improving emergency response 
                providers' communication capabilities.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program established 
under subsection (a) include--
            (1) supporting research, development, testing, and 
        evaluation on emergency communication capabilities;
            (2) understanding the strengths and weaknesses of 
        the public safety communications systems in use;
            (3) examining how current and emerging technology 
        can make emergency response providers more effective, 
        and how Federal, State, local, and tribal government 
        agencies can use this technology in a coherent and 
        cost-effective manner;
            (4) investigating technologies that could lead to 
        long-term advancements in emergency communications 
        capabilities and supporting research on advanced 
        technologies and potential systemic changes to 
        dramatically improve emergency communications; and
            (5) evaluating and validating advanced technology 
        concepts, and facilitating the development and 
        deployment of interoperable emergency communication 
        capabilities.
    (c) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``interoperable'', with respect to emergency communications, 
has the meaning given the term in section 1808.

SEC. 316. [6 U.S.C. 195B] NATIONAL BIOSURVEILLANCE INTEGRATION CENTER.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary, acting through the 
Assistant Secretary for the Countering Weapons of Mass 
Destruction Office, shall establish, operate, and maintain a 
National Biosurveillance Integration Center (referred to in 
this section as the ``NBIC''), which shall be headed by a 
Directing Officer, under an office or directorate of the 
Department that is in existence as of the date of the enactment 
of this section.
    (b) Primary Mission.--The primary mission of the NBIC is 
to--
            (1) enhance the capability of the Federal 
        Government to--
                    (A) rapidly identify, characterize, 
                localize, and track a biological event of 
                national concern by integrating and analyzing 
                data relating to human health, animal, plant, 
                food, and environmental monitoring systems 
                (both national and international); and
                    (B) disseminate alerts and other 
                information to Member Agencies and, in 
                coordination with (and where possible through) 
                Member Agencies, to agencies of State, local, 
                and tribal governments, as appropriate, to 
                enhance the ability of such agencies to respond 
                to a biological event of national concern; and
            (2) oversee development and operation of the 
        National Biosurveillance Integration System.
    (c) Requirements.--The NBIC shall detect, as early as 
possible, a biological event of national concern that presents 
a risk to the United States or the infrastructure or key assets 
of the United States, including by--
            (1) consolidating data from all relevant 
        surveillance systems maintained by Member Agencies to 
        detect biological events of national concern across 
        human, animal, and plant species;
            (2) seeking private sources of surveillance, both 
        foreign and domestic, when such sources would enhance 
        coverage of critical surveillance gaps;
            (3) using an information technology system that 
        uses the best available statistical and other 
        analytical tools to identify and characterize 
        biological events of national concern in as close to 
        real-time as is practicable;
            (4) providing the infrastructure for such 
        integration, including information technology systems 
        and space, and support for personnel from Member 
        Agencies with sufficient expertise to enable analysis 
        and interpretation of data;
            (5) working with Member Agencies to create 
        information technology systems that use the minimum 
        amount of patient data necessary and consider patient 
        confidentiality and privacy issues at all stages of 
        development and apprise the Privacy Officer of such 
        efforts; and
            (6) alerting Member Agencies and, in coordination 
        with (and where possible through) Member Agencies, 
        public health agencies of State, local, and tribal 
        governments regarding any incident that could develop 
        into a biological event of national concern.
    (d) Responsibilities of the Directing Officer of the 
NBIC.--
            (1) In general.--The Directing Officer of the NBIC 
        shall--
                    (A) on an ongoing basis, monitor the 
                availability and appropriateness of 
                surveillance systems used by the NBIC and those 
                systems that could enhance biological 
                situational awareness or the overall 
                performance of the NBIC;
                    (B) on an ongoing basis, review and seek to 
                improve the statistical and other analytical 
                methods used by the NBIC;
                    (C) receive and consider other relevant 
                homeland security information, as appropriate; 
                and
                    (D) provide technical assistance, as 
                appropriate, to all Federal, regional, State, 
                local, and tribal government entities and 
                private sector entities that contribute data 
                relevant to the operation of the NBIC.
            (2) Assessments.--The Directing Officer of the NBIC 
        shall--
                    (A) on an ongoing basis, evaluate available 
                data for evidence of a biological event of 
                national concern; and
                    (B) integrate homeland security information 
                with NBIC data to provide overall situational 
                awareness and determine whether a biological 
                event of national concern has occurred.
            (3) Information sharing.--
                    (A) In general.--The Directing Officer of 
                the NBIC shall--
                            (i) establish a method of real-time 
                        communication with the National 
                        Operations Center;
                            (ii) in the event that a biological 
                        event of national concern is detected, 
                        notify the Secretary and disseminate 
                        results of NBIC assessments relating to 
                        that biological event of national 
                        concern to appropriate Federal response 
                        entities and, in coordination with 
                        relevant Member Agencies, regional, 
                        State, local, and tribal governmental 
                        response entities in a timely manner;
                            (iii) provide any report on NBIC 
                        assessments to Member Agencies and, in 
                        coordination with relevant Member 
                        Agencies, any affected regional, State, 
                        local, or tribal government, and any 
                        private sector entity considered 
                        appropriate that may enhance the 
                        mission of such Member Agencies, 
                        governments, or entities or the ability 
                        of the Nation to respond to biological 
                        events of national concern; and
                            (iv) share NBIC incident or 
                        situational awareness reports, and 
                        other relevant information, consistent 
                        with the information sharing 
                        environment established under section 
                        1016 of the Intelligence Reform and 
                        Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 
                        U.S.C. 485) and any policies, 
                        guidelines, procedures, instructions, 
                        or standards established under that 
                        section.
                    (B) Consultation.--The Directing Officer of 
                the NBIC shall implement the activities 
                described in subparagraph (A) consistent with 
                the policies, guidelines, procedures, 
                instructions, or standards established under 
                section 1016 of the Intelligence Reform and 
                Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485) 
                and in consultation with the Director of 
                National Intelligence, the Under Secretary for 
                Intelligence and Analysis, and other offices or 
                agencies of the Federal Government, as 
                appropriate.
    (e) Responsibilities of the NBIC Member Agencies.--
            (1) In general.--Each Member Agency shall--
                    (A) use its best efforts to integrate 
                biosurveillance information into the NBIC, with 
                the goal of promoting information sharing 
                between Federal, State, local, and tribal 
                governments to detect biological events of 
                national concern;
                    (B) provide timely information to assist 
                the NBIC in maintaining biological situational 
                awareness for accurate detection and response 
                purposes;
                    (C) enable the NBIC to receive and use 
                biosurveillance information from member 
                agencies to carry out its requirements under 
                subsection (c);
                    (D) connect the biosurveillance data 
                systems of that Member Agency to the NBIC data 
                system under mutually agreed protocols that are 
                consistent with subsection (c)(5);
                    (E) participate in the formation of 
                strategy and policy for the operation of the 
                NBIC and its information sharing;
                    (F) provide personnel to the NBIC under an 
                interagency personnel agreement and consider 
                the qualifications of such personnel necessary 
                to provide human, animal, and environmental 
                data analysis and interpretation support to the 
                NBIC; and
                    (G) retain responsibility for the 
                surveillance and intelligence systems of that 
                department or agency, if applicable.
    (f) Administrative Authorities.--
            (1) Hiring of experts.--The Directing Officer of 
        the NBIC shall hire individuals with the necessary 
        expertise to develop and operate the NBIC.
            (2) Detail of personnel.--Upon the request of the 
        Directing Officer of the NBIC, the head of any Federal 
        department or agency may detail, on a reimbursable 
        basis, any of the personnel of that department or 
        agency to the Department to assist the NBIC in carrying 
        out this section.
    (g) NBIC Interagency Working Group.--The Directing Officer 
of the NBIC shall--
            (1) establish an interagency working group to 
        facilitate interagency cooperation and to advise the 
        Directing Officer of the NBIC regarding recommendations 
        to enhance the biosurveillance capabilities of the 
        Department; and
            (2) invite Member Agencies to serve on that working 
        group.
    (h) Relationship to Other Departments and Agencies.--The 
authority of the Directing Officer of the NBIC under this 
section shall not affect any authority or responsibility of any 
other department or agency of the Federal Government with 
respect to biosurveillance activities under any program 
administered by that department or agency.
    (i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this 
section.
    (j) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The terms ``biological agent'' and ``toxin'' 
        have the meanings given those terms in section 178 of 
        title 18, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``biological event of national 
        concern'' means--
                    (A) an act of terrorism involving a 
                biological agent or toxin; or
                    (B) a naturally occurring outbreak of an 
                infectious disease that may result in a 
                national epidemic.
            (3) The term ``homeland security information'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 892.
            (4) The term ``Member Agency'' means any Federal 
        department or agency that, at the discretion of the 
        head of that department or agency, has entered a 
        memorandum of understanding regarding participation in 
        the NBIC.
            (5) The term ``Privacy Officer'' means the Privacy 
        Officer appointed under section 222.

SEC. 317. [6 U.S.C. 195C] PROMOTING ANTITERRORISM THROUGH INTERNATIONAL 
                    COOPERATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Director.--The term ``Director'' means the 
        Director selected under subsection (b)(2).
            (2) International cooperative activity.--The term 
        ``international cooperative activity'' includes--
                    (A) coordinated research projects, joint 
                research projects, or joint ventures;
                    (B) joint studies or technical 
                demonstrations;
                    (C) coordinated field exercises, scientific 
                seminars, conferences, symposia, and workshops;
                    (D) training of scientists and engineers;
                    (E) visits and exchanges of scientists, 
                engineers, or other appropriate personnel;
                    (F) exchanges or sharing of scientific and 
                technological information; and
                    (G) joint use of laboratory facilities and 
                equipment.
    (b) Science and Technology Homeland Security International 
Cooperative Programs Office.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Under Secretary shall 
        establish the Science and Technology Homeland Security 
        International Cooperative Programs Office.
            (2) Director.--The Office shall be headed by a 
        Director, who--
                    (A) shall be selected, in consultation with 
                the Assistant Secretary for International 
                Affairs, by and shall report to the Under 
                Secretary; and
                    (B) may be an officer of the Department 
                serving in another position.
            (3) Responsibilities.--
                    (A) Development of mechanisms.--The 
                Director shall be responsible for developing, 
                in coordination with the Department of State 
                and, as appropriate, the Department of Defense, 
                the Department of Energy, and other Federal 
                agencies, understandings and agreements to 
                allow and to support international cooperative 
                activity in support of homeland security.
                    (B) Priorities.--The Director shall be 
                responsible for developing, in coordination 
                with the Office of International Affairs and 
                other Federal agencies, strategic priorities 
                for international cooperative activity for the 
                Department in support of homeland security.
                    (C) Activities.--The Director shall 
                facilitate the planning, development, and 
                implementation of international cooperative 
                activity to address the strategic priorities 
                developed under subparagraph (B) through 
                mechanisms the Under Secretary considers 
                appropriate, including grants, cooperative 
                agreements, or contracts to or with foreign 
                public or private entities, governmental 
                organizations, businesses (including small 
                businesses and socially and economically 
                disadvantaged small businesses (as those terms 
                are defined in sections 3 and 8 of the Small 
                Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632 and 637), 
                respectively)), federally funded research and 
                development centers, and universities.
                    (D) Identification of partners.--The 
                Director shall facilitate the matching of 
                United States entities engaged in homeland 
                security research with non-United States 
                entities engaged in homeland security research 
                so that they may partner in homeland security 
                research activities.
            (4) Coordination.--The Director shall ensure that 
        the activities under this subsection are coordinated 
        with the Office of International Affairs and the 
        Department of State and, as appropriate, the Department 
        of Defense, the Department of Energy, and other 
        relevant Federal agencies or interagency bodies. The 
        Director may enter into joint activities with other 
        Federal agencies.
    (c) Matching Funding.--
            (1) In general.--
                    (A) Equitability.--The Director shall 
                ensure that funding and resources expended in 
                international cooperative activity will be 
                equitably matched by the foreign partner 
                government or other entity through direct 
                funding, funding of complementary activities, 
                or the provision of staff, facilities, 
                material, or equipment.
                    (B) Grant matching and repayment.--
                            (i) In general.--The Secretary may 
                        require a recipient of a grant under 
                        this section--
                                    (I) to make a matching 
                                contribution of not more than 
                                50 percent of the total cost of 
                                the proposed project for which 
                                the grant is awarded; and
                                    (II) to repay to the 
                                Secretary the amount of the 
                                grant (or a portion thereof), 
                                interest on such amount at an 
                                appropriate rate, and such 
                                charges for administration of 
                                the grant as the Secretary 
                                determines appropriate.
                            (ii) Maximum amount.--The Secretary 
                        may not require that repayment under 
                        clause (i)(II) be more than 150 percent 
                        of the amount of the grant, adjusted 
                        for inflation on the basis of the 
                        Consumer Price Index.
            (2) Foreign partners.--Partners may include Israel, 
        the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Singapore, and 
        other allies in the global war on terrorism as 
        determined to be appropriate by the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security and the Secretary of State.
            (3) Loans of equipment.--The Director may make or 
        accept loans of equipment for research and development 
        and comparative testing purposes.
    (d) Foreign Reimbursements.--If the Science and Technology 
Homeland Security International Cooperative Programs Office 
participates in an international cooperative activity with a 
foreign partner on a cost-sharing basis, any reimbursements or 
contributions received from that foreign partner to meet its 
share of the project may be credited to appropriate current 
appropriations accounts of the Directorate of Science and 
Technology.
    (e) Report to Congress on International Cooperative 
Activities.--Not later than one year after the date of 
enactment of this section, and every 5 years thereafter, the 
Under Secretary, acting through the Director, shall submit to 
Congress a report containing--
            (1) a brief description of each grant, cooperative 
        agreement, or contract made or entered into under 
        subsection (b)(3)(C), including the participants, 
        goals, and amount and sources of funding;
            (2) a list of international cooperative activities 
        underway, including the participants, goals, expected 
        duration, and amount and sources of funding, including 
        resources provided to support the activities in lieu of 
        direct funding; and
            (3) for international cooperative activities 
        identified in the previous reporting period, a status 
        update on the progress of such activities, including 
        whether goals were realized, explaining any lessons 
        learned, and evaluating overall success; and
            (4) a discussion of obstacles encountered in the 
        course of forming, executing, or implementing 
        agreements for international cooperative activities, 
        including administrative, legal, or diplomatic 
        challenges or resource constraints.
    (f) Animal and Zoonotic Diseases.--As part of the 
international cooperative activities authorized in this 
section, the Under Secretary, in coordination with the 
Assistant Secretary for the Countering Weapons of Mass 
Destruction Office, the Department of State, and appropriate 
officials of the Department of Agriculture, the Department of 
Defense, and the Department of Health and Human Services, may 
enter into cooperative activities with foreign countries, 
including African nations, to strengthen American preparedness 
against foreign animal and zoonotic diseases overseas that 
could harm the Nation's agricultural and public health sectors 
if they were to reach the United States.
    (g) Cybersecurity.--As part of the international 
cooperative activities authorized in this section, the Under 
Secretary, in coordination with the Department of State and 
appropriate Federal officials, may enter into cooperative 
research activities with Israel to strengthen preparedness 
against cyber threats and enhance capabilities in 
cybersecurity.
    (h) Construction; Authorities of the Secretary of State.--
Nothing in this section shall be construed to alter or affect 
the following provisions of law:
            (1) Title V of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
        Act, Fiscal Year 1979 (22 U.S.C. 2656a et seq.).
            (2) Section 112b(c) of title 1, United States Code.
            (3) Section 1(e)(2) of the State Department Basic 
        Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a(e)(2)).
            (4) Sections 2 and 27 of the Arms Export Control 
        Act (22 U.S.C. 2752 and 22 U.S.C. 2767).
            (5) Section 622(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
        1961 (22 U.S.C. 2382(c)).
    (i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section such sums as are 
necessary.

SEC. 318. [6 U.S.C. 195D] SOCIAL MEDIA WORKING GROUP.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish within 
the Department a social media working group (in this section 
referred to as the ``Group'').
    (b) Purpose.--In order to enhance the dissemination of 
information through social media technologies between the 
Department and appropriate stakeholders and to improve use of 
social media technologies in support of preparedness, response, 
and recovery, the Group shall identify, and provide guidance 
and best practices to the emergency preparedness and response 
community on, the use of social media technologies before, 
during, and after a natural disaster or an act of terrorism or 
other man-made disaster.
    (c) Membership.--
            (1) In general.--Membership of the Group shall be 
        composed of a cross section of subject matter experts 
        from Federal, State, local, tribal, territorial, and 
        nongovernmental organization practitioners, including 
        representatives from the following entities:
                    (A) The Office of Public Affairs of the 
                Department.
                    (B) The Office of the Chief Information 
                Officer of the Department.
                    (C) The Privacy Office of the Department.
                    (D) The Federal Emergency Management 
                Agency.
                    (E) The Office of Disability Integration 
                and Coordination of the Federal Emergency 
                Management Agency.
                    (F) The American Red Cross.
                    (G) The Forest Service.
                    (H) The Centers for Disease Control and 
                Prevention.
                    (I) The United States Geological Survey.
                    (J) The National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
                Administration.
            (2) Chairperson; co-chairperson.--
                    (A) Chairperson.--The Secretary, or a 
                designee of the Secretary, shall serve as the 
                chairperson of the Group.
                    (B) Co-chairperson.--The chairperson shall 
                designate, on a rotating basis, a 
                representative from a State or local government 
                who is a member of the Group to serve as the 
                co-chairperson of the Group.
            (3) Additional members.--The chairperson shall 
        appoint, on a rotating basis, qualified individuals to 
        the Group. The total number of such additional members 
        shall--
                    (A) be equal to or greater than the total 
                number of regular members under paragraph (1); 
                and
                    (B) include--
                            (i) not fewer than 3 
                        representatives from the private 
                        sector; and
                            (ii) representatives from--
                                    (I) State, local, tribal, 
                                and territorial entities, 
                                including from--
                                            (aa) law 
                                        enforcement;
                                            (bb) fire services;
                                            (cc) emergency 
                                        management; and
                                            (dd) public health 
                                        entities;
                                    (II) universities and 
                                academia; and
                                    (III) nonprofit disaster 
                                relief organizations.
            (4) Term limits.--The chairperson shall establish 
        term limits for individuals appointed to the Group 
        under paragraph (3).
    (d) Consultation With Non-members.--To the extent 
practicable, the Group shall work with entities in the public 
and private sectors to carry out subsection (b).
    (e) Meetings.--
            (1) Initial meeting.--Not later than 90 days after 
        the date of enactment of this section, the Group shall 
        hold its initial meeting.
            (2) Subsequent meetings.--After the initial meeting 
        under paragraph (1), the Group shall meet--
                    (A) at the call of the chairperson; and
                    (B) not less frequently than twice each 
                year.
            (3) Virtual meetings.--Each meeting of the Group 
        may be held virtually.
    (f) Reports.--During each year in which the Group meets, 
the Group shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a report that includes the following:
            (1) A review and analysis of current and emerging 
        social media technologies being used to support 
        preparedness and response activities related to natural 
        disasters and acts of terrorism and other man-made 
        disasters.
            (2) A review of best practices and lessons learned 
        on the use of social media technologies during the 
        response to natural disasters and acts of terrorism and 
        other man-made disasters that occurred during the 
        period covered by the report at issue.
            (3) Recommendations to improve the Department's use 
        of social media technologies for emergency management 
        purposes.
            (4) Recommendations to improve public awareness of 
        the type of information disseminated through social 
        media technologies, and how to access such information, 
        during a natural disaster or an act of terrorism or 
        other man-made disaster.
            (5) A review of available training for Federal, 
        State, local, tribal, and territorial officials on the 
        use of social media technologies in response to a 
        natural disaster or an act of terrorism or other man-
        made disaster.
            (6) A review of coordination efforts with the 
        private sector to discuss and resolve legal, 
        operational, technical, privacy, and security concerns.
    (g) Duration of Group.--
            (1) In general.--The Group shall terminate on the 
        date that is 5 years after the date of enactment of 
        this section unless the chairperson renews the Group 
        for a successive 5-year period, prior to the date on 
        which the Group would otherwise terminate, by 
        submitting to the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Homeland Security of the House of Representatives a 
        certification that the continued existence of the Group 
        is necessary to fulfill the purpose described in 
        subsection (b).
            (2) Continued renewal.--The chairperson may 
        continue to renew the Group for successive 5-year 
        periods by submitting a certification in accordance 
        with paragraph (1) prior to the date on which the Group 
        would otherwise terminate.

SEC. 319. [6 U.S.C. 195E] TRANSPARENCY IN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Requirement to List Research and Development 
Programs.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall maintain a 
        detailed list of the following:
                    (A) Each classified and unclassified 
                research and development project, and all 
                appropriate details for each such project, 
                including the component of the Department 
                responsible for each such project.
                    (B) Each task order for a Federally Funded 
                Research and Development Center not associated 
                with a research and development project.
                    (C) Each task order for a University-based 
                center of excellence not associated with a 
                research and development project.
                    (D) The indicators developed and tracked by 
                the Under Secretary for Science and Technology 
                with respect to transitioned projects pursuant 
                to subsection (c).
            (2) Exception for certain completed projects.--
        Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a project completed or 
        otherwise terminated before the date of the enactment 
        of this section.
            (3) Updates.--The list required under paragraph (1) 
        shall be updated as frequently as possible, but not 
        less frequently than once per quarter.
            (4) Research and development defined.--For purposes 
        of the list required under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall provide a definition for the term ``research and 
        development''.
    (b) Requirement to Report to Congress on All Projects.--Not 
later than January 1, 2017, and annually thereafter, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland 
Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a classified 
and unclassified report, as applicable, that lists each ongoing 
classified and unclassified project at the Department, 
including all appropriate details of each such project.
    (c) Indicators of Success of Transitioned Projects.--
            (1) In general.--For each project that has been 
        transitioned to practice from research and development, 
        the Under Secretary for Science and Technology shall 
        develop and track indicators to demonstrate the uptake 
        of the technology or project among customers or end-
        users.
            (2) Requirement.--To the fullest extent possible, 
        the tracking of a project required under paragraph (1) 
        shall continue for the three-year period beginning on 
        the date on which such project was transitioned to 
        practice from research and development.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) All appropriate details.--The term ``all 
        appropriate details'' means, with respect to a research 
        and development project--
                    (A) the name of such project, including 
                both classified and unclassified names if 
                applicable;
                    (B) the name of the component of the 
                Department carrying out such project;
                    (C) an abstract or summary of such project;
                    (D) funding levels for such project;
                    (E) project duration or timeline;
                    (F) the name of each contractor, grantee, 
                or cooperative agreement partner involved in 
                such project;
                    (G) expected objectives and milestones for 
                such project; and
                    (H) to the maximum extent practicable, 
                relevant literature and patents that are 
                associated with such project.
            (2) Classified.--The term ``classified'' means 
        anything containing--
                    (A) classified national security 
                information as defined in section 6.1 of 
                Executive Order 13526 (50 U.S.C. 3161 note) or 
                any successor order;
                    (B) Restricted Data or data that was 
                formerly Restricted Data, as defined in section 
                11y. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 
                U.S.C. 2014(y));
                    (C) material classified at the Sensitive 
                Compartmented Information (SCI) level, as 
                defined in section 309 of the Intelligence 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (50 
                U.S.C. 3345); or
                    (D) information relating to a special 
                access program, as defined in section 6.1 of 
                Executive Order 13526 (50 U.S.C. 3161 note) or 
                any successor order.
            (3) Controlled unclassified information.--The term 
        ``controlled unclassified information'' means 
        information described as ``Controlled Unclassified 
        Information'' under Executive Order 13556 (50 U.S.C. 
        3501 note) or any successor order.
            (4) Project.--The term ``project'' means a research 
        or development project, program, or activity 
        administered by the Department, whether ongoing, 
        completed, or otherwise terminated.
    (e) Limitation.--Nothing in this section overrides or 
otherwise affects the requirements specified in section 888.

SEC. 320. [6 U.S.C. 195F] EMP AND GMD MITIGATION RESEARCH AND 
                    DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) In general.--In furtherance of domestic preparedness 
and response, the Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary 
for Science and Technology, and in consultation with other 
relevant executive agencies, relevant State, local, and tribal 
governments, and relevant owners and operators of critical 
infrastructure, shall, to the extent practicable, conduct 
research and development to mitigate the consequences of 
threats of EMP and GMD.
    (b) Scope.--The scope of the research and development under 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) An objective scientific analysis--
                    (A) evaluating the risks to critical 
                infrastructure from a range of threats of EMP 
                and GMD; and
                    (B) which shall--
                            (i) be conducted in conjunction 
                        with the Office of Intelligence and 
                        Analysis; and
                            (ii) include a review and 
                        comparison of the range of threats and 
                        hazards facing critical infrastructure 
                        of the electrical grid.
            (2) Determination of the critical utilities and 
        national security assets and infrastructure that are at 
        risk from threats of EMP and GMD.
            (3) An evaluation of emergency planning and 
        response technologies that would address the findings 
        and recommendations of experts, including those of the 
        Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States 
        from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack, which shall include 
        a review of the feasibility of rapidly isolating one or 
        more portions of the electrical grid from the main 
        electrical grid.
            (4) An analysis of technology options that are 
        available to improve the resiliency of critical 
        infrastructure to threats of EMP and GMD, including an 
        analysis of neutral current blocking devices that may 
        protect high-voltage transmission lines.
            (5) The restoration and recovery capabilities of 
        critical infrastructure under differing levels of 
        damage and disruption from various threats of EMP and 
        GMD, as informed by the objective scientific analysis 
        conducted under paragraph (1).
            (6) An analysis of the feasibility of a real-time 
        alert system to inform electrical grid operators and 
        other stakeholders within milliseconds of a high-
        altitude nuclear explosion.
    (c) Exemption from disclosure.--
            (1) Information shared with the Federal 
        Government.--Section 2224, and any regulations issued 
        pursuant to such section, shall apply to any 
        information shared with the Federal Government under 
        this section.
            (2) Information shared by the Federal Government.--
        Information shared by the Federal Government with a 
        State, local, or tribal government under this section 
        shall be exempt from disclosure under any provision of 
        State, local, or tribal freedom of information law, 
        open government law, open meetings law, open records 
        law, sunshine law, or similar law requiring the 
        disclosure of information or records.

        TITLE IV--BORDER, MARITIME, AND TRANSPORTATION SECURITY

       Subtitle A--Border, Maritime, and Transportation Security 
                     Responsibilities and Functions

    [Section 401 repealed by section 802(g)(2) of Public Law 
114-125.]

SEC. 402. [6 U.S.C. 202] BORDER, MARITIME, AND TRANSPORTATION 
                    RESPONSIBILITIES.

     The Secretary shall be responsible for the following:
            (1) Preventing the entry of terrorists and the 
        instruments of terrorism into the United States.
            (2) Securing the borders, territorial waters, 
        ports, terminals, waterways, and air, land, and sea 
        transportation systems of the United States, including 
        managing and coordinating those functions transferred 
        to the Department at ports of entry.
            (3) Carrying out the immigration enforcement 
        functions vested by statute in, or performed by, the 
        Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization (or any 
        officer, employee, or component of the Immigration and 
        Naturalization Service) immediately before the date on 
        which the transfer of functions specified under section 
        441 takes effect.
            (4) Establishing and administering rules, in 
        accordance with section 428, governing the granting of 
        visas or other forms of permission, including parole, 
        to enter the United States to individuals who are not a 
        citizen or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
        residence in the United States.
            (5) Establishing national immigration enforcement 
        policies and priorities.
            (6) Except as provided in subtitle C, administering 
        the customs laws of the United States.
            (7) Conducting the inspection and related 
        administrative functions of the Department of 
        Agriculture transferred to the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security under section 421.
            (8) In carrying out the foregoing responsibilities, 
        ensuring the speedy, orderly, and efficient flow of 
        lawful traffic and commerce.

SEC. 403. [6 U.S.C. 203] FUNCTIONS TRANSFERRED.

     In accordance with title XV (relating to transition 
provisions), there shall be transferred to the Secretary the 
functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of--
            (1) the United States Customs Service of the 
        Department of the Treasury, including the functions of 
        the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto;
            (2) the Transportation Security Administration of 
        the Department of Transportation, including the 
        functions of the Secretary of Transportation, and of 
        the Under Secretary of Transportation for Security, 
        relating thereto;
            (3) the Federal Protective Service of the General 
        Services Administration, including the functions of the 
        Administrator of General Services relating thereto;
            (4) the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center of 
        the Department of the Treasury; and
            (5) the Office for Domestic Preparedness of the 
        Office of Justice Programs, including the functions of 
        the Attorney General relating thereto.

SEC. 404. [6 U.S.C. 204] SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADVISORY 
                    COMMITTEE.

    (a) Establishment.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
Security Administration (referred to in this section as 
``Administrator'') shall establish within the Transportation 
Security Administration the Surface Transportation Security 
Advisory Committee (referred to in this section as the 
``Advisory Committee'').
    (b) Duties.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee may advise, 
        consult with, report to, and make recommendations to 
        the Administrator on surface transportation security 
        matters, including the development, refinement, and 
        implementation of policies, programs, initiatives, 
        rulemakings, and security directives pertaining to 
        surface transportation security.
            (2) Risk-based security.--The Advisory Committee 
        shall consider risk-based security approaches in the 
        performance of its duties.
    (c) Membership.--
            (1) Composition.--The Advisory Committee shall be 
        composed of--
                    (A) voting members appointed by the 
                Administrator under paragraph (2); and
                    (B) nonvoting members, serving in an 
                advisory capacity, who shall be designated by--
                            (i) the Transportation Security 
                        Administration;
                            (ii) the Department of 
                        Transportation;
                            (iii) the Coast Guard; and
                            (iv) such other Federal department 
                        or agency as the Administrator 
                        considers appropriate.
            (2) Appointment.--The Administrator shall appoint 
        voting members from among stakeholders representing 
        each mode of surface transportation, such as passenger 
        rail, freight rail, mass transit, pipelines, highways, 
        over-the-road bus, school bus industry, and trucking, 
        including representatives from--
                    (A) associations representing such modes of 
                surface transportation;
                    (B) labor organizations representing such 
                modes of surface transportation;
                    (C) groups representing the users of such 
                modes of surface transportation, including 
                asset manufacturers, as appropriate;
                    (D) relevant law enforcement, first 
                responders, and security experts; and
                    (E) such other groups as the Administrator 
                considers appropriate.
            (3) Chairperson.--The Advisory Committee shall 
        select a chairperson from among its voting members.
            (4) Term of office.--
                    (A) Terms.--
                            (i) In general.--The term of each 
                        voting member of the Advisory Committee 
                        shall be 2 years, but a voting member 
                        may continue to serve until the 
                        Administrator appoints a successor.
                            (ii) Reappointment.--A voting 
                        member of the Advisory Committee may be 
                        reappointed.
                    (B) Removal.--
                            (i) In general.--The Administrator 
                        may review the participation of a 
                        member of the Advisory Committee and 
                        remove such member for cause at any 
                        time.
                            (ii) Access to information.--The 
                        Administrator may remove any member of 
                        the Advisory Committee that the 
                        Administrator determines should be 
                        restricted from reviewing, discussing, 
                        or possessing classified information or 
                        sensitive security information.
            (5) Prohibition on compensation.--The members of 
        the Advisory Committee shall not receive any 
        compensation from the Government by reason of their 
        service on the Advisory Committee.
            (6) Meetings.--
                    (A) In general.--The Administrator shall 
                require the Advisory Committee to meet at least 
                semiannually in person or through web 
                conferencing and may convene additional 
                meetings as necessary.
                    (B) Public meetings.--At least 1 of the 
                meetings of the Advisory Committee each year 
                shall be--
                            (i) announced in the Federal 
                        Register;
                            (ii) announced on a public website; 
                        and
                            (iii) open to the public.
                    (C) Attendance.--The Advisory Committee 
                shall maintain a record of the persons present 
                at each meeting.
                    (D) Minutes.--
                            (i) In general.--Unless otherwise 
                        prohibited by other Federal law, 
                        minutes of the meetings shall be 
                        published on the public website under 
                        subsection (e)(5).
                            (ii) Protection of classified and 
                        sensitive information.--The Advisory 
                        Committee may redact or summarize, as 
                        necessary, minutes of the meetings to 
                        protect classified or other sensitive 
                        information in accordance with law.
            (7) Voting member access to classified and 
        sensitive security information.--
                    (A) Determinations.--Not later than 60 days 
                after the date on which a voting member is 
                appointed to the Advisory Committee and before 
                that voting member may be granted any access to 
                classified information or sensitive security 
                information, the Administrator shall determine 
                if the voting member should be restricted from 
                reviewing, discussing, or possessing classified 
                information or sensitive security information.
                    (B) Access.--
                            (i) Sensitive security 
                        information.--If a voting member is not 
                        restricted from reviewing, discussing, 
                        or possessing sensitive security 
                        information under subparagraph (A) and 
                        voluntarily signs a nondisclosure 
                        agreement, the voting member may be 
                        granted access to sensitive security 
                        information that is relevant to the 
                        voting member's service on the Advisory 
                        Committee.
                            (ii) Classified information.--
                        Access to classified materials shall be 
                        managed in accordance with Executive 
                        Order 13526 of December 29, 2009 (75 
                        Fed. Reg. 707), or any subsequent 
                        corresponding Executive order.
                    (C) Protections.--
                            (i) Sensitive security 
                        information.--Voting members shall 
                        protect sensitive security information 
                        in accordance with part 1520 of title 
                        49, Code of Federal Regulations.
                            (ii) Classified information.--
                        Voting members shall protect classified 
                        information in accordance with the 
                        applicable requirements for the 
                        particular level of classification.
            (8) Joint committee meetings.--The Advisory 
        Committee may meet with 1 or more of the following 
        advisory committees to discuss multimodal security 
        issues and other security-related issues of common 
        concern:
                    (A) Aviation Security Advisory Committee 
                established under section 44946 of title 49, 
                United States Code.
                    (B) Maritime Security Advisory Committee 
                established under section 70112 of title 46, 
                United States Code.
                    (C) Railroad Safety Advisory Committee 
                established by the Federal Railroad 
                Administration.
            (9) Subject matter experts.--The Advisory Committee 
        may request the assistance of subject matter experts 
        with expertise related to the jurisdiction of the 
        Advisory Committee.
    (d) Reports.--
            (1) Periodic reports.--The Advisory Committee shall 
        periodically submit reports to the Administrator on 
        matters requested by the Administrator or by a majority 
        of the members of the Advisory Committee.
            (2) Annual report.--
                    (A) Submission.--The Advisory Committee 
                shall submit to the Administrator and the 
                appropriate congressional committees an annual 
                report that provides information on the 
                activities, findings, and recommendations of 
                the Advisory Committee during the preceding 
                year.
                    (B) Publication.--Not later than 6 months 
                after the date that the Administrator receives 
                an annual report under subparagraph (A), the 
                Administrator shall publish a public version of 
                the report, in accordance with section 552a(b) 
                of title 5, United States Code.
    (e) Administration Response.--
            (1) Consideration.--The Administrator shall 
        consider the information, advice, and recommendations 
        of the Advisory Committee in formulating policies, 
        programs, initiatives, rulemakings, and security 
        directives pertaining to surface transportation 
        security.
            (2) Feedback.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date that the Administrator receives a recommendation 
        from the Advisory Committee under subsection (d)(2), 
        the Administrator shall submit to the Advisory 
        Committee written feedback on the recommendation, 
        including--
                    (A) if the Administrator agrees with the 
                recommendation, a plan describing the actions 
                that the Administrator has taken, will take, or 
                recommends that the head of another Federal 
                department or agency take to implement the 
                recommendation; or
                    (B) if the Administrator disagrees with the 
                recommendation, a justification for that 
                determination.
            (3) Notices.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
        the Administrator submits feedback under paragraph (2), 
        the Administrator shall--
                    (A) notify the appropriate congressional 
                committees of the feedback, including the 
                determination under subparagraph (A) or 
                subparagraph (B) of that paragraph, as 
                applicable; and
                    (B) provide the appropriate congressional 
                committees with a briefing upon request.
            (4) Updates.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        the Administrator receives a recommendation from the 
        Advisory Committee under subsection (d)(2) that the 
        Administrator agrees with, and quarterly thereafter 
        until the recommendation is fully implemented, the 
        Administrator shall submit a report to the appropriate 
        congressional committees or post on the public website 
        under paragraph (5) an update on the status of the 
        recommendation.
            (5) Website.--The Administrator shall maintain a 
        public website that--
                    (A) lists the members of the Advisory 
                Committee; and
                    (B) provides the contact information for 
                the Advisory Committee.
    (f) Nonapplicability of FACA.--The Federal Advisory 
Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the Advisory 
Committee or any subcommittee established under this section.

             Subtitle B--U.S. Customs and Border Protection

SEC. 411. [6 U.S.C. 211] ESTABLISHMENT OF U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER 
                    PROTECTION; COMMISSIONER, DEPUTY COMMISSIONER, AND 
                    OPERATIONAL OFFICES.

    (a) In General.--There is established in the Department an 
agency to be known as U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
    (b) Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection.--
            (1) In general.--There shall be at the head of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection a Commissioner of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection (in this section referred 
        to as the ``Commissioner'').
            (2) Committee referral.--As an exercise of the 
        rulemaking power of the Senate, any nomination for the 
        Commissioner submitted to the Senate for confirmation, 
        and referred to a committee, shall be referred to the 
        Committee on Finance.
    (c) Duties.--The Commissioner shall--
            (1) coordinate and integrate the security, trade 
        facilitation, and trade enforcement functions of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection;
            (2) ensure the interdiction of persons and goods 
        illegally entering or exiting the United States;
            (3) facilitate and expedite the flow of legitimate 
        travelers and trade;
            (4) direct and administer the commercial operations 
        of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, and the 
        enforcement of the customs and trade laws of the United 
        States;
            (5) detect, respond to, and interdict terrorists, 
        drug smugglers and traffickers, human smugglers and 
        traffickers, and other persons who may undermine the 
        security of the United States, in cases in which such 
        persons are entering, or have recently entered, the 
        United States;
            (6) safeguard the borders of the United States to 
        protect against the entry of dangerous goods;
            (7) ensure the overall economic security of the 
        United States is not diminished by efforts, activities, 
        and programs aimed at securing the homeland;
            (8) in coordination with U.S. Immigration and 
        Customs Enforcement and United States Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services, enforce and administer all 
        immigration laws, as such term is defined in paragraph 
        (17) of section 101(a) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)), including--
                    (A) the inspection, processing, and 
                admission of persons who seek to enter or 
                depart the United States; and
                    (B) the detection, interdiction, removal, 
                departure from the United States, short-term 
                detention, and transfer of persons unlawfully 
                entering, or who have recently unlawfully 
                entered, the United States;
            (9) develop and implement screening and targeting 
        capabilities, including the screening, reviewing, 
        identifying, and prioritizing of passengers and cargo 
        across all international modes of transportation, both 
        inbound and outbound;
            (10) in coordination with the Secretary, deploy 
        technology to collect the data necessary for the 
        Secretary to administer the biometric entry and exit 
        data system pursuant to section 7208 of the 
        Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 
        2004 (8 U.S.C. 1365b);
            (11) enforce and administer the laws relating to 
        agricultural import and entry inspection referred to in 
        section 421;
            (12) in coordination with the Under Secretary for 
        Management of the Department, ensure U.S. Customs and 
        Border Protection complies with Federal law, the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulation, and the Department's 
        acquisition management directives for major acquisition 
        programs of U.S. Customs and Border Protection;
            (13) ensure that the policies and regulations of 
        U.S. Customs and Border Protection are consistent with 
        the obligations of the United States pursuant to 
        international agreements;
            (14) enforce and administer--
                    (A) the Container Security Initiative 
                program under section 205 of the Security and 
                Accountability for Every Port Act of 2006 (6 
                U.S.C. 945); and
                    (B) the Customs-Trade Partnership Against 
                Terrorism program under subtitle B of title II 
                of such Act (6 U.S.C. 961 et seq.);
            (15) conduct polygraph examinations in accordance 
        with section 3(1) of the Anti-Border Corruption Act of 
        2010 (Public Law 111-376; 124 Stat. 4105);
            (16) establish the standard operating procedures 
        described in subsection (k);
            (17) carry out the training required under 
        subsection (l);
            (18) carry out section 418, relating to the 
        issuance of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Business 
        Travel Cards; and
            (19) carry out other duties and powers prescribed 
        by law or delegated by the Secretary.
    (d) Deputy Commissioner.--There shall be in U.S. Customs 
and Border Protection a Deputy Commissioner who shall assist 
the Commissioner in the management of U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection.
    (e) U.S. Border Patrol.--
            (1) In general.--There is established in U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection the U.S. Border Patrol.
            (2) Chief.--There shall be at the head of the U.S. 
        Border Patrol a Chief, who shall--
                    (A) be at the level of Executive Assistant 
                Commissioner within U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection; and
                    (B) report to the Commissioner.
            (3) Duties.--The U.S. Border Patrol shall--
                    (A) serve as the law enforcement office of 
                U.S. Customs and Border Protection with primary 
                responsibility for interdicting persons 
                attempting to illegally enter or exit the 
                United States or goods being illegally imported 
                into or exported from the United States at a 
                place other than a designated port of entry;
                    (B) deter and prevent the illegal entry of 
                terrorists, terrorist weapons, persons, and 
                contraband; and
                    (C) carry out other duties and powers 
                prescribed by the Commissioner.
    (f) Air and Marine Operations.--
            (1) In general.--There is established in U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection an office known as Air 
        and Marine Operations.
            (2) Executive assistant commissioner.--There shall 
        be at the head of Air and Marine Operations an 
        Executive Assistant Commissioner, who shall report to 
        the Commissioner.
            (3) Duties.--Air and Marine Operations shall--
                    (A) serve as the law enforcement office 
                within U.S. Customs and Border Protection with 
                primary responsibility to detect, interdict, 
                and prevent acts of terrorism and the unlawful 
                movement of people, illicit drugs, and other 
                contraband across the borders of the United 
                States in the air and maritime environment;
                    (B) conduct joint aviation and marine 
                operations with U.S. Immigration and Customs 
                Enforcement;
                    (C) conduct aviation and marine operations 
                with international, Federal, State, and local 
                law enforcement agencies, as appropriate;
                    (D) administer the Air and Marine 
                Operations Center established under paragraph 
                (4); and
                    (E) carry out other duties and powers 
                prescribed by the Commissioner.
            (4) Air and marine operations center.--
                    (A) In general.--There is established in 
                Air and Marine Operations an Air and Marine 
                Operations Center.
                    (B) Executive director.--There shall be at 
                the head of the Air and Marine Operations 
                Center an Executive Director, who shall report 
                to the Executive Assistant Commissioner of Air 
                and Marine Operations.
                    (C) Duties.--The Air and Marine Operations 
                Center shall--
                            (i) manage the air and maritime 
                        domain awareness of the Department, as 
                        directed by the Secretary;
                            (ii) monitor and coordinate the 
                        airspace for unmanned aerial systems 
                        operations of Air and Marine Operations 
                        in U.S. Customs and Border Protection;
                            (iii) detect, identify, and 
                        coordinate a response to threats to 
                        national security in the air domain, in 
                        coordination with other appropriate 
                        agencies, as determined by the 
                        Executive Assistant Commissioner;
                            (iv) provide aviation and marine 
                        support to other Federal, State, 
                        tribal, and local agencies; and
                            (v) carry out other duties and 
                        powers prescribed by the Executive 
                        Assistant Commissioner.
    (g) Office of Field Operations.--
            (1) In general.--There is established in U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection an Office of Field 
        Operations.
            (2) Executive assistant commissioner.--There shall 
        be at the head of the Office of Field Operations an 
        Executive Assistant Commissioner, who shall report to 
        the Commissioner.
            (3) Duties.--The Office of Field Operations shall 
        coordinate the enforcement activities of U.S. Customs 
        and Border Protection at United States air, land, and 
        sea ports of entry to--
                    (A) deter and prevent terrorists and 
                terrorist weapons from entering the United 
                States at such ports of entry;
                    (B) conduct inspections at such ports of 
                entry to safeguard the United States from 
                terrorism and illegal entry of persons;
                    (C) prevent illicit drugs, agricultural 
                pests, and contraband from entering the United 
                States;
                    (D) in coordination with the Commissioner, 
                facilitate and expedite the flow of legitimate 
                travelers and trade;
                    (E) administer the National Targeting 
                Center established under paragraph (4);
                    (F) coordinate with the Executive Assistant 
                Commissioner for the Office of Trade with 
                respect to the trade facilitation and trade 
                enforcement activities of U.S. Customs and 
                Border Protection; and
                    (G) carry out other duties and powers 
                prescribed by the Commissioner.
            (4) National targeting center.--
                    (A) In general.--There is established in 
                the Office of Field Operations a National 
                Targeting Center.
                    (B) Executive director.--There shall be at 
                the head of the National Targeting Center an 
                Executive Director, who shall report to the 
                Executive Assistant Commissioner of the Office 
                of Field Operations.
                    (C) Duties.--The National Targeting Center 
                shall--
                            (i) serve as the primary forum for 
                        targeting operations within U.S. 
                        Customs and Border Protection to 
                        collect and analyze traveler and cargo 
                        information in advance of arrival in 
                        the United States to identify and 
                        address security risks and strengthen 
                        trade enforcement;
                            (ii) identify, review, and target 
                        travelers and cargo for examination;
                            (iii) coordinate the examination of 
                        entry and exit of travelers and cargo;
                            (iv) develop and conduct commercial 
                        risk assessment targeting with respect 
                        to cargo destined for the United 
                        States;
                            (v) coordinate with the 
                        Transportation Security Administration, 
                        as appropriate;
                            (vi) issue Trade Alerts pursuant to 
                        section 111(b) of the Trade 
                        Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act 
                        of 2015; and
                            (vii) carry out other duties and 
                        powers prescribed by the Executive 
                        Assistant Commissioner.
            (5) Annual report on staffing.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 30 days 
                after the date of the enactment of the Trade 
                Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, 
                and annually thereafter, the Executive 
                Assistant Commissioner shall submit to the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and the 
                Committee on Ways and Means of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Homeland 
                Security and Governmental Affairs and the 
                Committee on Finance of the Senate a report on 
                the staffing model for the Office of Field 
                Operations, including information on how many 
                supervisors, front-line U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection officers, and support personnel are 
                assigned to each Field Office and port of 
                entry.
                    (B) Form.--The report required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall, to the greatest extent 
                practicable, be submitted in unclassified form, 
                but may be submitted in classified form, if the 
                Executive Assistant Commissioner determines 
                that such is appropriate and informs the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and the 
                Committee on Ways and Means of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Homeland 
                Security and Governmental Affairs and the 
                Committee on Finance of the Senate of the 
                reasoning for such.
    (h) Office of Intelligence.--
            (1) In general.--There is established in U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection an Office of 
        Intelligence.
            (2) Assistant commissioner.--There shall be at the 
        head of the Office of Intelligence an Assistant 
        Commissioner, who shall report to the Commissioner.
            (3) Duties.--The Office of Intelligence shall--
                    (A) develop, provide, coordinate, and 
                implement intelligence capabilities into a 
                cohesive intelligence enterprise to support the 
                execution of the duties and responsibilities of 
                U.S. Customs and Border Protection;
                    (B) manage the counterintelligence 
                operations of U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection;
                    (C) establish, in coordination with the 
                Chief Intelligence Officer of the Department, 
                as appropriate, intelligence-sharing 
                relationships with Federal, State, local, and 
                tribal agencies and intelligence agencies;
                    (D) conduct risk-based covert testing of 
                U.S. Customs and Border Protection operations, 
                including for nuclear and radiological risks; 
                and
                    (E) carry out other duties and powers 
                prescribed by the Commissioner.
    (i) Office of International Affairs.--
            (1) In general.--There is established in U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection an Office of 
        International Affairs.
            (2) Assistant commissioner.--There shall be at the 
        head of the Office of International Affairs an 
        Assistant Commissioner, who shall report to the 
        Commissioner.
            (3) Duties.--The Office of International Affairs, 
        in collaboration with the Office of Policy of the 
        Department, shall--
                    (A) coordinate and support U.S. Customs and 
                Border Protection's foreign initiatives, 
                policies, programs, and activities;
                    (B) coordinate and support U.S. Customs and 
                Border Protection's personnel stationed abroad;
                    (C) maintain partnerships and information-
                sharing agreements and arrangements with 
                foreign governments, international 
                organizations, and United States agencies in 
                support of U.S. Customs and Border Protection's 
                duties and responsibilities;
                    (D) provide necessary capacity building, 
                training, and assistance to foreign customs and 
                border control agencies to strengthen border, 
                global supply chain, and travel security, as 
                appropriate;
                    (E) coordinate mission support services to 
                sustain U.S. Customs and Border Protection's 
                global activities;
                    (F) coordinate with customs authorities of 
                foreign countries with respect to trade 
                facilitation and trade enforcement;
                    (G) coordinate U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection's engagement in international 
                negotiations;
                    (H) advise the Commissioner with respect to 
                matters arising in the World Customs 
                Organization and other international 
                organizations as such matters relate to the 
                policies and procedures of U.S. Customs and 
                Border Protection;
                    (I) advise the Commissioner regarding 
                international agreements to which the United 
                States is a party as such agreements relate to 
                the policies and regulations of U.S. Customs 
                and Border Protection; and
                    (J) carry out other duties and powers 
                prescribed by the Commissioner.
    (j) Office of Professional Responsibility.--
            (1) In general.--There is established in U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection an Office of Professional 
        Responsibility.
            (2) Assistant commissioner.--There shall be at the 
        head of the Office of Professional Responsibility an 
        Assistant Commissioner, who shall report to the 
        Commissioner.
            (3) Duties.--The Office of Professional 
        Responsibility shall--
                    (A) investigate criminal and administrative 
                matters and misconduct by officers, agents, and 
                other employees of U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection;
                    (B) manage integrity-related programs and 
                policies of U.S. Customs and Border Protection;
                    (C) conduct research and analysis regarding 
                misconduct of officers, agents, and other 
                employees of U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection; and
                    (D) carry out other duties and powers 
                prescribed by the Commissioner.
    (k) Standard Operating Procedures.--
            (1) In general.--The Commissioner shall establish--
                    (A) standard operating procedures for 
                searching, reviewing, retaining, and sharing 
                information contained in communication, 
                electronic, or digital devices encountered by 
                U.S. Customs and Border Protection personnel at 
                United States ports of entry;
                    (B) standard use of force procedures that 
                officers and agents of U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection may employ in the execution of their 
                duties, including the use of deadly force;
                    (C) uniform, standardized, and publicly-
                available procedures for processing and 
                investigating complaints against officers, 
                agents, and employees of U.S. Customs and 
                Border Protection for violations of 
                professional conduct, including the timely 
                disposition of complaints and a written 
                notification to the complainant of the status 
                or outcome, as appropriate, of the related 
                investigation, in accordance with section 552a 
                of title 5, United States Code (commonly 
                referred to as the ``Privacy Act'' or the 
                ``Privacy Act of 1974'');
                    (D) an internal, uniform reporting 
                mechanism regarding incidents involving the use 
                of deadly force by an officer or agent of U.S. 
                Customs and Border Protection, including an 
                evaluation of the degree to which the 
                procedures required under subparagraph (B) were 
                followed; and
                    (E) standard operating procedures, acting 
                through the Executive Assistant Commissioner 
                for Air and Marine Operations and in 
                coordination with the Office for Civil Rights 
                and Civil Liberties and the Office of Privacy 
                of the Department, to provide command, control, 
                communication, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
                assistance through the use of unmanned aerial 
                systems, including the establishment of--
                            (i) a process for other Federal, 
                        State, and local law enforcement 
                        agencies to submit mission requests;
                            (ii) a formal procedure to 
                        determine whether to approve or deny 
                        such a mission request;
                            (iii) a formal procedure to 
                        determine how such mission requests are 
                        prioritized and coordinated; and
                            (iv) a process regarding the 
                        protection and privacy of data and 
                        images collected by U.S. Customs and 
                        Border Protection through the use of 
                        unmanned aerial systems.
            (2) Requirements regarding certain notifications.--
        The standard operating procedures established pursuant 
        to subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) shall require--
                    (A) in the case of a search of information 
                conducted on an electronic device by U.S. 
                Customs and Border Protection personnel, the 
                Commissioner to notify the individual subject 
                to such search of the purpose and authority for 
                such search, and how such individual may obtain 
                information on reporting concerns about such 
                search; and
                    (B) in the case of information collected by 
                U.S. Customs and Border Protection through a 
                search of an electronic device, if such 
                information is transmitted to another Federal 
                agency for subject matter assistance, 
                translation, or decryption, the Commissioner to 
                notify the individual subject to such search of 
                such transmission.
            (3) Exceptions.--The Commissioner may withhold the 
        notifications required under paragraphs (1)(C) and (2) 
        if the Commissioner determines, in the sole and 
        unreviewable discretion of the Commissioner, that such 
        notifications would impair national security, law 
        enforcement, or other operational interests.
            (4) Update and review.--The Commissioner shall 
        review and update every three years the standard 
        operating procedures required under this subsection.
            (5) Audits.--The Inspector General of the 
        Department of Homeland Security shall develop and 
        annually administer, during each of the three calendar 
        years beginning in the calendar year that begins after 
        the date of the enactment of the Trade Facilitation and 
        Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, an auditing mechanism to 
        review whether searches of electronic devices at or 
        between United States ports of entry are being 
        conducted in conformity with the standard operating 
        procedures required under subparagraph (A) of paragraph 
        (1). Such audits shall be submitted to the Committee on 
        Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and 
        the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs of the Senate and shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the activities of 
                officers and agents of U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection with respect to such searches.
                    (B) The number of such searches.
                    (C) The number of instances in which 
                information contained in such devices that were 
                subjected to such searches was retained, 
                copied, shared, or entered in an electronic 
                database.
                    (D) The number of such devices detained as 
                the result of such searches.
                    (E) The number of instances in which 
                information collected from such devices was 
                subjected to such searches and was transmitted 
                to another Federal agency, including whether 
                such transmissions resulted in a prosecution or 
                conviction.
            (6) Requirements regarding other notifications.--
        The standard use of force procedures established 
        pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) shall 
        require--
                    (A) in the case of an incident of the use 
                of deadly force by U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection personnel, the Commissioner to 
                notify the Committee on Homeland Security of 
                the House of Representatives and the Committee 
                on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
                of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Commissioner to provide to such 
                committees a copy of the evaluation pursuant to 
                subparagraph (D) of such paragraph not later 
                than 30 days after completion of such 
                evaluation.
            (7) Report on unmanned aerial systems.--The 
        Commissioner shall submit to the Committee on Homeland 
        Security of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
        of the Senate an annual report, for each of the three 
        calendar years beginning in the calendar year that 
        begins after the date of the enactment of the Trade 
        Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, that 
        reviews whether the use of unmanned aerial systems is 
        being conducted in conformity with the standard 
        operating procedures required under subparagraph (E) of 
        paragraph (1). Such reports--
                    (A) shall be submitted with the annual 
                budget of the United States Government 
                submitted by the President under section 1105 
                of title 31, United States Code;
                    (B) may be submitted in classified form if 
                the Commissioner determines that such is 
                appropriate; and
                    (C) shall include--
                            (i) a detailed description of how, 
                        where, and for how long data and images 
                        collected through the use of unmanned 
                        aerial systems by U.S. Customs and 
                        Border Protection are collected and 
                        stored; and
                            (ii) a list of Federal, State, and 
                        local law enforcement agencies that 
                        submitted mission requests in the 
                        previous year and the disposition of 
                        such requests.
    (l) Training.--The Commissioner shall require all officers 
and agents of U.S. Customs and Border Protection to participate 
in a specified amount of continuing education (to be determined 
by the Commissioner) to maintain an understanding of Federal 
legal rulings, court decisions, and departmental policies, 
procedures, and guidelines.
    (m) Short-term Detention Standards.--
            (1) Access to food and water.--The Commissioner 
        shall make every effort to ensure that adequate access 
        to food and water is provided to an individual 
        apprehended and detained at a United States port of 
        entry or between ports of entry as soon as practicable 
        following the time of such apprehension or during 
        subsequent short-term detention.
            (2) Access to information on detainee rights at 
        border patrol processing centers.--
                    (A) In general.--The Commissioner shall 
                ensure that an individual apprehended by a U.S. 
                Border Patrol agent or an Office of Field 
                Operations officer is provided with information 
                concerning such individual's rights, including 
                the right to contact a representative of such 
                individual's government for purposes of United 
                States treaty obligations.
                    (B) Form.--The information referred to in 
                subparagraph (A) may be provided either 
                verbally or in writing, and shall be posted in 
                the detention holding cell in which such 
                individual is being held. The information shall 
                be provided in a language understandable to 
                such individual.
            (3) Short-term detention defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``short-term detention'' means 
        detention in a U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
        processing center for 72 hours or less, before 
        repatriation to a country of nationality or last 
        habitual residence.
            (4) Daytime repatriation.--When practicable, 
        repatriations shall be limited to daylight hours and 
        avoid locations that are determined to have high 
        indices of crime and violence.
            (5) Report on procurement process and standards.--
        Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
        of the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 
        2015, the Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
        Senate a report on the procurement process and 
        standards of entities with which U.S. Customs and 
        Border Protection has contracts for the transportation 
        and detention of individuals apprehended by agents or 
        officers of U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Such 
        report should also consider the operational efficiency 
        of contracting the transportation and detention of such 
        individuals.
            (6) Report on inspections of short-term custody 
        facilities.--The Commissioner shall--
                    (A) annually inspect all facilities 
                utilized for short-term detention; and
                    (B) make publicly available information 
                collected pursuant to such inspections, 
                including information regarding the 
                requirements under paragraphs (1) and (2) and, 
                where appropriate, issue recommendations to 
                improve the conditions of such facilities.
    (n) Wait Times Transparency.--
            (1) In general.--The Commissioner shall--
                    (A) publish live wait times for travelers 
                entering the United States at the 20 United 
                States airports that support the highest volume 
                of international travel (as determined by 
                available Federal flight data);
                    (B) make information about such wait times 
                available to the public in real time through 
                the U.S. Customs and Border Protection website;
                    (C) submit to the Committee on Homeland 
                Security and the Committee on Ways and Means of 
                the House of Representatives and the Committee 
                on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
                and the Committee on Finance of the Senate, for 
                each of the five calendar years beginning in 
                the calendar year that begins after the date of 
                the enactment of the Trade Facilitation and 
                Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, a report that 
                includes compilations of all such wait times 
                and a ranking of such United States airports by 
                wait times; and
                    (D) provide adequate staffing at the U.S. 
                Customs and Border Protection information 
                center to ensure timely access for travelers 
                attempting to submit comments or speak with a 
                representative about their entry experiences.
            (2) Calculation.--The wait times referred to in 
        paragraph (1)(A) shall be determined by calculating the 
        time elapsed between an individual's entry into the 
        U.S. Customs and Border Protection inspection area and 
        such individual's clearance by a U.S. Customs and 
        Border Protection officer.
    (o) Other Authorities.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may establish such 
        other offices or positions of Assistant Commissioners 
        (or other similar officers or officials) as the 
        Secretary determines necessary to carry out the 
        missions, duties, functions, and authorities of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection.
            (2) Notification.--If the Secretary exercises the 
        authority provided under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall notify the Committee on Homeland Security and the 
        Committee on Ways and Means of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security 
        and Governmental Affairs and the Committee on Finance 
        of the Senate not later than 30 days before exercising 
        such authority.
    (p) Reports to Congress.--The Commissioner shall, on and 
after the date of the enactment of the Trade Facilitation and 
Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, continue to submit to the 
Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on Ways and 
Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and the Committee on 
Finance of the Senate any report required, on the day before 
such date of enactment, to be submitted under any provision of 
law.
    (q) Other Federal Agencies.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed as affecting in any manner the authority, existing on 
the day before the date of the enactment of the Trade 
Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, of any other 
Federal agency or component of the Department.
    (r) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``commercial 
operations'', ``customs and trade laws of the United States'', 
``trade enforcement'', and ``trade facilitation'' have the 
meanings given such terms in section 2 of the Trade 
Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015.

SEC. 412. [6 U.S.C. 212] RETENTION OF CUSTOMS REVENUE FUNCTIONS BY 
                    SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.

    (a) Retention of Customs Revenue Functions by Secretary of 
the Treasury.--
            (1) Retention of authority.--Notwithstanding 
        section 403(a)(1), authority related to Customs revenue 
        functions that was vested in the Secretary of the 
        Treasury by law before the effective date of this Act 
        under those provisions of law set forth in paragraph 
        (2) shall not be transferred to the Secretary by reason 
        of this Act, and on and after the effective date of 
        this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury may delegate 
        any such authority to the Secretary at the discretion 
        of the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary of the 
        Treasury shall consult with the Secretary regarding the 
        exercise of any such authority not delegated to the 
        Secretary.
            (2) Statutes.--The provisions of law referred to in 
        paragraph (1) are the following: the Tariff Act of 
        1930; section 249 of the Revised Statutes of the United 
        States (19 U.S.C. 3); section 2 of the Act of March 4, 
        1923 (19 U.S.C. 6); section 13031 of the Consolidated 
        Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (19 U.S.C. 
        58c); section 251 of the Revised Statutes of the United 
        States (19 U.S.C. 66); section 1 of the Act of June 26, 
        1930 (19 U.S.C. 68); the Foreign Trade Zones Act (19 
        U.S.C. 81a et seq.); section 1 of the Act of March 2, 
        1911 (19 U.S.C. 198); the Trade Act of 1974; the Trade 
        Agreements Act of 1979; the North American Free Trade 
        Area Implementation Act; the Uruguay Round Agreements 
        Act; the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act; the 
        Andean Trade Preference Act; the African Growth and 
        Opportunity Act; and any other provision of law vesting 
        customs revenue functions in the Secretary of the 
        Treasury.
    (b) Maintenance of Customs Revenue Functions.--
            (1) Maintenance of functions.--Notwithstanding any 
        other provision of this Act, the Secretary may not 
        consolidate, discontinue, or diminish those functions 
        described in paragraph (2) performed by U.S. Customs 
        and Border Protection (as established under section 
        411) on or after the effective date of this Act, reduce 
        the staffing level, or reduce the resources 
        attributable to such functions, and the Secretary shall 
        ensure that an appropriate management structure is 
        implemented to carry out such functions.
            (2) Functions.--The functions referred to in 
        paragraph (1) are those functions performed by the 
        following personnel, and associated support staff, of 
        U.S. Customs and Border Protection on the day before 
        the effective date of this Act: Import Specialists, 
        Entry Specialists, Drawback Specialists, National 
        Import Specialist, Fines and Penalties Specialists, 
        attorneys of the Office of Regulations and Rulings, 
        Customs Auditors, International Trade Specialists, 
        Financial Systems Specialists.
    (c) New Personnel.--The Secretary of the Treasury is 
authorized to appoint up to 20 new personnel to work with 
personnel of the Department in performing customs revenue 
functions.

SEC. 413. [6 U.S.C. 213] PRESERVATION OF CUSTOMS FUNDS.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, no funds 
collected under paragraphs (1) through (8) of section 13031(a) 
of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 
may be transferred for use by any other agency or office in the 
Department.

SEC. 414. [6 U.S.C. 214] SEPARATE BUDGET REQUEST FOR CUSTOMS.

    The President shall include in each budget transmitted to 
Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, a 
separate budget request for U.S. Customs and Border Protection.

SEC. 415. [6 U.S.C. 215] DEFINITION.

     In this subtitle, the term ``customs revenue function'' 
means the following:
            (1) Assessing and collecting customs duties 
        (including antidumping and countervailing duties and 
        duties imposed under safeguard provisions), excise 
        taxes, fees, and penalties due on imported merchandise, 
        including classifying and valuing merchandise for 
        purposes of such assessment.
            (2) Processing and denial of entry of persons, 
        baggage, cargo, and mail, with respect to the 
        assessment and collection of import duties.
            (3) Detecting and apprehending persons engaged in 
        fraudulent practices designed to circumvent the customs 
        laws of the United States.
            (4) Enforcing section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930 
        and provisions relating to import quotas and the 
        marking of imported merchandise, and providing Customs 
        Recordations for copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
            (5) Collecting accurate import data for compilation 
        of international trade statistics.
            (6) Enforcing reciprocal trade agreements.
            (7) Functions performed by the following personnel, 
        and associated support staff, of the United States 
        Customs Service on the day before the effective date of 
        this Act, and of U.S. Customs and Border Protection on 
        the day before the effective date of the U.S. Customs 
        and Border Protection Authorization Act: Import 
        Specialists, Entry Specialists, Drawback Specialists, 
        National Import Specialist, Fines and Penalties 
        Specialists, attorneys of the Office of Regulations and 
        Rulings, Customs Auditors, International Trade 
        Specialists, Financial Systems Specialists.
            (8) Functions performed by the following offices, 
        with respect to any function described in any of 
        paragraphs (1) through (7), and associated support 
        staff, of the United States Customs Service on the day 
        before the effective date of this Act, and of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection on the day before the 
        effective date of the U.S. Customs and Border 
        Protection Authorization Act: the Office of Information 
        and Technology, the Office of Laboratory Services, the 
        Office of the Chief Counsel, the Office of 
        Congressional Affairs, the Office of International 
        Affairs, and the Office of Training and Development.

    [Section 416 repealed by section 802(f) of Public Law 114-
125.]

SEC. 417. [6 U.S.C. 217] ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES BY THE SECRETARY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall ensure that adequate 
staffing is provided to assure that levels of customs revenue 
services provided on the day before the effective date of this 
Act shall continue to be provided.
    (b) Notification of Congress.--The Secretary shall notify 
the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Finance of the Senate at least 90 days 
prior to taking any action which would--
            (1) result in any significant reduction in customs 
        revenue services, including hours of operation, 
        provided at any office within the Department or any 
        port of entry;
            (2) eliminate or relocate any office of the 
        Department which provides customs revenue services; or
            (3) eliminate any port of entry.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``customs 
revenue services'' means those customs revenue functions 
described in paragraphs (1) through (6) and paragraph (8) of 
section 415.

SEC. 418. [6 U.S.C. 218] ASIA-PACIFIC ECONOMIC COOPERATION BUSINESS 
                    TRAVEL CARDS.

    (a) In General.--The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and 
Border Protection is authorized to issue an Asia-Pacific 
Economic Cooperation Business Travel Card (referred to in this 
section as an ``ABT Card'') to any individual described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Card Issuance.--An individual described in this 
subsection is an individual who--
            (1) is a citizen of the United States;
            (2) has been approved and is in good standing in an 
        existing international trusted traveler program of the 
        Department; and
            (3) is--
                    (A) engaged in business in the Asia-Pacific 
                region, as determined by the Commissioner of 
                U.S. Customs and Border Protection; or
                    (B) a United States Government official 
                actively engaged in Asia-Pacific Economic 
                Cooperation business, as determined by the 
                Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection.
    (c) Integration With Existing Travel Programs.--The 
Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall 
integrate application procedures for, and issuance, renewal, 
and revocation of, ABT Cards with existing international 
trusted traveler programs of the Department.
    (d) Cooperation With Private Entities and Nongovernmental 
Organizations.--In carrying out this section, the Commissioner 
of U.S. Customs and Border Protection may consult with 
appropriate private sector entities and nongovernmental 
organizations, including academic institutions.
    (e) Fee.--
            (1) In general.--The Commissioner of U.S. Customs 
        and Border Protection shall--
                    (A) prescribe and collect a fee for the 
                issuance and renewal of ABT Cards; and
                    (B) adjust such fee to the extent the 
                Commissioner determines necessary to comply 
                with paragraph (2).
            (2) Limitation.--The Commissioner of U.S. Customs 
        and Border Protection shall ensure that the total 
        amount of the fees collected under paragraph (1) during 
        any fiscal year is sufficient to offset the direct and 
        indirect costs associated with carrying out this 
        section during such fiscal year, including the costs 
        associated with operating and maintaining the ABT Card 
        issuance and renewal processes.
            (3) Account for collections.--There is established 
        in the Treasury of the United States an ``Asia-Pacific 
        Economic Cooperation Business Travel Card Account'' 
        into which the fees collected under paragraph (1) shall 
        be deposited as offsetting receipts.
            (4) Use of funds.--Amounts deposited into the Asia 
        Pacific Economic Cooperation Business Travel Card 
        Account established under paragraph (3) shall--
                    (A) be credited to the appropriate account 
                of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection for 
                expenses incurred in carrying out this section; 
                and
                    (B) remain available until expended.
    (f) Notification.--The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and 
Border Protection shall notify the Committee on Homeland 
Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate not 
later than 60 days after the expenditures of funds to operate 
and provide ABT Card services beyond the amounts collected 
under subsection (e)(1).
    (g) Trusted Traveler Program Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``trusted traveler program'' means a voluntary program of 
the Department that allows U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
to expedite clearance of pre-approved, low-risk travelers 
arriving in the United States.

    [A section 419 exists in law, however, it amends other Acts 
and is not shown here.]

                  Subtitle C--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 421. [6 U.S.C. 231] TRANSFER OF CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL INSPECTION 
                    FUNCTIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.

    (a) Transfer of Agricultural Import and Entry Inspection 
Functions.--There shall be transferred to the Secretary the 
functions of the Secretary of Agriculture relating to 
agricultural import and entry inspection activities under the 
laws specified in subsection (b).
    (b) Covered Animal and Plant Protection Laws.--The laws 
referred to in subsection (a) are the following:
            (1) The Act commonly known as the Virus-Serum-Toxin 
        Act (the eighth paragraph under the heading ``Bureau of 
        Animal Industry'' in the Act of March 4, 1913; 21 
        U.S.C. 151 et seq.).
            (2) Section 1 of the Act of August 31, 1922 
        (commonly known as the Honeybee Act; 7 U.S.C. 281).
            (3) Title III of the Federal Seed Act (7 U.S.C. 
        1581 et seq.).
            (4) The Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7701 et 
        seq.).
            (5) The Animal Health Protection Act (subtitle E of 
        title X of Public Law 107-171; 7 U.S.C. 8301 et seq.).
            (6) The Lacey Act Amendments of 1981 (16 U.S.C. 
        3371 et seq.).
            (7) Section 11 of the Endangered Species Act of 
        1973 (16 U.S.C. 1540).
    (c) Exclusion of Quarantine Activities.--For purposes of 
this section, the term ``functions'' does not include any 
quarantine activities carried out under the laws specified in 
subsection (b).
    (d) Effect of Transfer.--
            (1) Compliance with department of agriculture 
        regulations.--The authority transferred pursuant to 
        subsection (a) shall be exercised by the Secretary in 
        accordance with the regulations, policies, and 
        procedures issued by the Secretary of Agriculture 
        regarding the administration of the laws specified in 
        subsection (b).
            (2) Rulemaking coordination.--The Secretary of 
        Agriculture shall coordinate with the Secretary 
        whenever the Secretary of Agriculture prescribes 
        regulations, policies, or procedures for administering 
        the functions transferred under subsection (a) under a 
        law specified in subsection (b).
            (3) Effective administration.--The Secretary, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, may 
        issue such directives and guidelines as are necessary 
        to ensure the effective use of personnel of the 
        Department of Homeland Security to carry out the 
        functions transferred pursuant to subsection (a).
    (e) Transfer Agreement.--
            (1) Agreement required; revision.--Before the end 
        of the transition period, as defined in section 1501, 
        the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary shall 
        enter into an agreement to effectuate the transfer of 
        functions required by subsection (a). The Secretary of 
        Agriculture and the Secretary may jointly revise the 
        agreement as necessary thereafter.
            (2) Required terms.--The agreement required by this 
        subsection shall specifically address the following:
                    (A) The supervision by the Secretary of 
                Agriculture of the training of employees of the 
                Secretary to carry out the functions 
                transferred pursuant to subsection (a).
                    (B) The transfer of funds to the Secretary 
                under subsection (f).
            (3) Cooperation and reciprocity.--The Secretary of 
        Agriculture and the Secretary may include as part of 
        the agreement the following:
                    (A) Authority for the Secretary to perform 
                functions delegated to the Animal and Plant 
                Health Inspection Service of the Department of 
                Agriculture regarding the protection of 
                domestic livestock and plants, but not 
                transferred to the Secretary pursuant to 
                subsection (a).
                    (B) Authority for the Secretary of 
                Agriculture to use employees of the Department 
                of Homeland Security to carry out authorities 
                delegated to the Animal and Plant Health 
                Inspection Service regarding the protection of 
                domestic livestock and plants.
    (f) Periodic Transfer of Funds to Department of Homeland 
Security.--
            (1) Transfer of funds.--Out of funds collected by 
        fees authorized under sections 2508 and 2509 of the 
        Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 
        (21 U.S.C. 136, 136a), the Secretary of Agriculture 
        shall transfer, from time to time in accordance with 
        the agreement under subsection (e), to the Secretary 
        funds for activities carried out by the Secretary for 
        which such fees were collected.
            (2) Limitation.--The proportion of fees collected 
        pursuant to such sections that are transferred to the 
        Secretary under this subsection may not exceed the 
        proportion of the costs incurred by the Secretary to 
        all costs incurred to carry out activities funded by 
        such fees.
    (g) Transfer of Department of Agriculture Employees.--Not 
later than the completion of the transition period defined 
under section 1501, the Secretary of Agriculture shall transfer 
to the Secretary not more than 3,200 full-time equivalent 
positions of the Department of Agriculture.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 422. [6 U.S.C. 232] FUNCTIONS OF ADMINISTRATOR OF GENERAL 
                    SERVICES.

    (a) Operation, Maintenance, and Protection of Federal 
Buildings and Grounds.--Nothing in this Act may be construed to 
affect the functions or authorities of the Administrator of 
General Services with respect to the operation, maintenance, 
and protection of buildings and grounds owned or occupied by 
the Federal Government and under the jurisdiction, custody, or 
control of the Administrator. Except for the law enforcement 
and related security functions transferred under section 
403(3), the Administrator shall retain all powers, functions, 
and authorities vested in the Administrator under chapter 10 of 
title 40, United States Code, and other provisions of law that 
are necessary for the operation, maintenance, and protection of 
such buildings and grounds.
    (b) Collection of Rents and Fees; Federal Buildings Fund.--
            (1) Statutory construction.--Nothing in this Act 
        may be construed--
                    (A) to direct the transfer of, or affect, 
                the authority of the Administrator of General 
                Services to collect rents and fees, including 
                fees collected for protective services; or
                    (B) to authorize the Secretary or any other 
                official in the Department to obligate amounts 
                in the Federal Buildings Fund established by 
                section 490(f) of title 40, United States Code.
            (2) Use of transferred amounts.--Any amounts 
        transferred by the Administrator of General Services to 
        the Secretary out of rents and fees collected by the 
        Administrator shall be used by the Secretary solely for 
        the protection of buildings or grounds owned or 
        occupied by the Federal Government.

SEC. 423. [6 U.S.C. 233] FUNCTIONS OF TRANSPORTATION SECURITY 
                    ADMINISTRATION.

    (a) Consultation With Federal Aviation Administration.--The 
Secretary and other officials in the Department shall consult 
with the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration 
before taking any action that might affect aviation safety, air 
carrier operations, aircraft airworthiness, or the use of 
airspace. The Secretary shall establish a liaison office within 
the Department for the purpose of consulting with the 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 60 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation 
shall transmit to Congress a report containing a plan for 
complying with the requirements of section 44901(d) of title 
49, United States Code, as amended by section 425 of this Act.
    (c) Limitations on Statutory Construction.--
            (1) Grant of authority.--Nothing in this Act may be 
        construed to vest in the Secretary or any other 
        official in the Department any authority over 
        transportation security that is not vested in the Under 
        Secretary of Transportation for Security, or in the 
        Secretary of Transportation under chapter 449 of title 
        49, United States Code, on the day before the date of 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) Obligation of aip funds.--Nothing in this Act 
        may be construed to authorize the Secretary or any 
        other official in the Department to obligate amounts 
        made available under section 48103 of title 49, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 424. [6 U.S.C. 234] PRESERVATION OF TRANSPORTATION SECURITY 
                    ADMINISTRATION AS A DISTINCT ENTITY.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the 
Transportation Security Administration shall be maintained as a 
distinct entity within the Department.

SEC. 427. [6 U.S.C. 235] COORDINATION OF INFORMATION AND INFORMATION 
                    TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Definition of Affected Agency.--In this section, the 
term ``affected agency'' means--
            (1) the Department;
            (2) the Department of Agriculture;
            (3) the Department of Health and Human Services; 
        and
            (4) any other department or agency determined to be 
        appropriate by the Secretary.
    (b) Coordination.--The Secretary, in coordination with the 
Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services, and the head of each other department or agency 
determined to be appropriate by the Secretary, shall ensure 
that appropriate information (as determined by the Secretary) 
concerning inspections of articles that are imported or entered 
into the United States, and are inspected or regulated by 1 or 
more affected agencies, is timely and efficiently exchanged 
between the affected agencies.
    (c) Report and Plan.--Not later than 18 months after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services, and the head of each other department or agency 
determined to be appropriate by the Secretary, shall submit to 
Congress--
            (1) a report on the progress made in implementing 
        this section; and
            (2) a plan to complete implementation of this 
        section.

SEC. 428. [6 U.S.C. 236] VISA ISSUANCE.

    (a) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``consular 
office'' has the meaning given that term under section 
101(a)(9) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1101(a)(9)).
    (b) In General.--Notwithstanding section 104(a) of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1104(a)) or any other 
provision of law, and except as provided in subsection (c) of 
this section, the Secretary--
            (1) shall be vested exclusively with all 
        authorities to issue regulations with respect to, 
        administer, and enforce the provisions of such Act, and 
        of all other immigration and nationality laws, relating 
        to the functions of consular officers of the United 
        States in connection with the granting or refusal of 
        visas, and shall have the authority to refuse visas in 
        accordance with law and to develop programs of homeland 
        security training for consular officers (in addition to 
        consular training provided by the Secretary of State), 
        which authorities shall be exercised through the 
        Secretary of State, except that the Secretary shall not 
        have authority to alter or reverse the decision of a 
        consular officer to refuse a visa to an alien; and
            (2) shall have authority to confer or impose upon 
        any officer or employee of the United States, with the 
        consent of the head of the executive agency under whose 
        jurisdiction such officer or employee is serving, any 
        of the functions specified in paragraph (1).
    (c) Authority of the Secretary of State.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (b), 
        the Secretary of State may direct a consular officer to 
        refuse a visa to an alien if the Secretary of State 
        deems such refusal necessary or advisable in the 
        foreign policy or security interests of the United 
        States.
            (2) Construction regarding authority.--Nothing in 
        this section, consistent with the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security's authority to refuse visas in accordance with 
        law, shall be construed as affecting the authorities of 
        the Secretary of State under the following provisions 
        of law:
                    (A) Section 101(a)(15)(A) of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                1101(a)(15)(A)).
                    (B) Section 204(d)(2) of the Immigration 
                and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154) (as it will 
                take effect upon the entry into force of the 
                Convention on Protection of Children and 
                Cooperation in Respect to Inter-Country 
                adoption).
                    (C) Section 212(a)(3)(B)(i)(IV)(bb) of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                1182(a)(3)(B)(i)(IV)(bb)).
                    (D) Section 212(a)(3)(B)(i)(VI) of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                1182(a)(3)(B)(i)(VI)).
                    (E) Section 212(a)(3)(B)(vi)(II) of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                1182(a)(3)(B)(vi)(II)).
                    (F) Section 212(a)(3)(C) of the Immigration 
                and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)(C)).
                    (G) Section 212(a)(10)(C) of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                1182(a)(10)(C)).
                    (H) Section 212(f) of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)).
                    (I) Section 219(a) of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189(a)).
                    (J) Section 237(a)(4)(C) of the Immigration 
                and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1227(a)(4)(C)).
                    (K) Section 401 of the Cuban Liberty and 
                Democratic Solidarity (LIBERTAD) Act of 1996 
                (22 U.S.C. 6034; Public Law 104-114).
                    (L) Section 613 of the Departments of 
                Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary and 
                Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999 (as 
                contained in section 101(b) of division A of 
                Public Law 105-277) (Omnibus Consolidated and 
                Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 
                1999); 112 Stat. 2681; H.R. 4328 (originally 
                H.R. 4276) as amended by section 617 of Public 
                Law 106-553.
                    (M) Section 103(f) of the Chemical Weapon 
                Convention Implementation Act of 1998 (112 
                Stat. 2681-865).
                    (N) Section 801 of H.R. 3427, the Admiral 
                James W. Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign 
                Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 
                and 2001, as enacted by reference in Public Law 
                106-113.
                    (O) Section 568 of the Foreign Operations, 
                Export Financing, and Related Programs 
                Appropriations Act, 2002 (Public Law 107-115).
                    (P) Section 51 of the State Department 
                Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2723).
    (d) Consular Officers and Chiefs of Missions.--
            (1) In general.--Nothing in this section may be 
        construed to alter or affect--
                    (A) the employment status of consular 
                officers as employees of the Department of 
                State; or
                    (B) the authority of a chief of mission 
                under section 207 of the Foreign Service Act of 
                1980 (22 U.S.C. 3927).
            (2) Construction regarding delegation of 
        authority.--Nothing in this section shall be construed 
        to affect any delegation of authority to the Secretary 
        of State by the President pursuant to any proclamation 
        issued under section 212(f) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)), consistent with the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security's authority to refuse 
        visas in accordance with law.
    (e) Assignment of Homeland Security Employees to Diplomatic 
and Consular Posts.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to 
        assign employees of the Department to each diplomatic 
        and consular post at which visas are issued, unless the 
        Secretary determines that such an assignment at a 
        particular post would not promote homeland security.
            (2) Functions.--Employees assigned under paragraph 
        (1) shall perform the following functions:
                    (A) Provide expert advice and training to 
                consular officers regarding specific security 
                threats relating to the adjudication of 
                individual visa applications or classes of 
                applications.
                    (B) Review any such applications, either on 
                the initiative of the employee of the 
                Department or upon request by a consular 
                officer or other person charged with 
                adjudicating such applications.
                    (C) Conduct investigations with respect to 
                consular matters under the jurisdiction of the 
                Secretary.
            (3) Evaluation of consular officers.--The Secretary 
        of State shall evaluate, in consultation with the 
        Secretary, as deemed appropriate by the Secretary, the 
        performance of consular officers with respect to the 
        processing and adjudication of applications for visas 
        in accordance with performance standards developed by 
        the Secretary for these procedures.
            (4) Report.--The Secretary shall, on an annual 
        basis, submit a report to Congress that describes the 
        basis for each determination under paragraph (1) that 
        the assignment of an employee of the Department at a 
        particular diplomatic post would not promote homeland 
        security.
            (5) Permanent assignment; participation in 
        terrorist lookout committee.--When appropriate, 
        employees of the Department assigned to perform 
        functions described in paragraph (2) may be assigned 
        permanently to overseas diplomatic or consular posts 
        with country-specific or regional responsibility. If 
        the Secretary so directs, any such employee, when 
        present at an overseas post, shall participate in the 
        terrorist lookout committee established under section 
        304 of the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry 
        Reform Act of 2002 (8 U.S.C. 1733).
            (6) Training and hiring.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                ensure, to the extent possible, that any 
                employees of the Department assigned to perform 
                functions under paragraph (2) and, as 
                appropriate, consular officers, shall be 
                provided the necessary training to enable them 
                to carry out such functions, including training 
                in foreign languages, interview techniques, and 
                fraud detection techniques, in conditions in 
                the particular country where each employee is 
                assigned, and in other appropriate areas of 
                study.
                    (B) Use of center.--The Secretary is 
                authorized to use the National Foreign Affairs 
                Training Center, on a reimbursable basis, to 
                obtain the training described in subparagraph 
                (A).
            (7) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Secretary and the 
        Secretary of State shall submit to Congress--
                    (A) a report on the implementation of this 
                subsection; and
                    (B) any legislative proposals necessary to 
                further the objectives of this subsection.
            (8) Effective date.--This subsection shall take 
        effect on the earlier of--
                    (A) the date on which the President 
                publishes notice in the Federal Register that 
                the President has submitted a report to 
                Congress setting forth a memorandum of 
                understanding between the Secretary and the 
                Secretary of State governing the implementation 
                of this section; or
                    (B) the date occurring 1 year after the 
                date of enactment of this Act.
    (f) No Creation of Private Right of Action.--Nothing in 
this section shall be construed to create or authorize a 
private right of action to challenge a decision of a consular 
officer or other United States official or employee to grant or 
deny a visa.
    (g) Study Regarding Use of Foreign Nationals.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Homeland Security 
        shall conduct a study of the role of foreign nationals 
        in the granting or refusal of visas and other documents 
        authorizing entry of aliens into the United States. The 
        study shall address the following:
                    (A) The proper role, if any, of foreign 
                nationals in the process of rendering decisions 
                on such grants and refusals.
                    (B) Any security concerns involving the 
                employment of foreign nationals.
                    (C) Whether there are cost-effective 
                alternatives to the use of foreign nationals.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        submit a report containing the findings of the study 
        conducted under paragraph (1) to the Committee on the 
        Judiciary, the Committee on International Relations, 
        and the Committee on Government Reform of the House of 
        Representatives, and the Committee on the Judiciary, 
        the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee 
        on Government Affairs of the Senate.
    (h) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Director of the Office of Science 
and Technology Policy shall submit to Congress a report on how 
the provisions of this section will affect procedures for the 
issuance of student visas.
    (i) Visa Issuance Program for Saudi Arabia.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, after the date of 
the enactment of this Act all third party screening programs in 
Saudi Arabia shall be terminated. On-site personnel of the 
Department of Homeland Security shall review all visa 
applications prior to adjudication.

SEC. 429. [6 U.S.C. 237] INFORMATION ON VISA DENIALS REQUIRED TO BE 
                    ENTERED INTO ELECTRONIC DATA SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Whenever a consular officer of the United 
States denies a visa to an applicant, the consular officer 
shall enter the fact and the basis of the denial and the name 
of the applicant into the interoperable electronic data system 
implemented under section 202(a) of the Enhanced Border 
Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002 (8 U.S.C. 1722(a)).
    (b) Prohibition.--In the case of any alien with respect to 
whom a visa has been denied under subsection (a)--
            (1) no subsequent visa may be issued to the alien 
        unless the consular officer considering the alien's 
        visa application has reviewed the information 
        concerning the alien placed in the interoperable 
        electronic data system, has indicated on the alien's 
        application that the information has been reviewed, and 
        has stated for the record why the visa is being issued 
        or a waiver of visa ineligibility recommended in spite 
        of that information; and
            (2) the alien may not be admitted to the United 
        States without a visa issued in accordance with the 
        procedures described in paragraph (1).

SEC. 430. [6 U.S.C. 238] OFFICE FOR DOMESTIC PREPAREDNESS.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established in the Department 
an Office for Domestic Preparedness.
    (b) Director.--There shall be a Director of the Office for 
Domestic Preparedness, who shall be appointed by the President.
    (c) Responsibilities.--The Office for Domestic Preparedness 
shall have the primary responsibility within the executive 
branch of Government for the preparedness of the United States 
for acts of terrorism, including--
            (1) coordinating preparedness efforts at the 
        Federal level, and working with all State, local, 
        tribal, parish, and private sector emergency response 
        providers on all matters pertaining to combating 
        terrorism, including training, exercises, and equipment 
        support;
            (2) coordinating or, as appropriate, consolidating 
        communications and systems of communications relating 
        to homeland security at all levels of government;
            (3) directing and supervising terrorism 
        preparedness grant programs of the Federal Government 
        (other than those programs administered by the 
        Department of Health and Human Services) for all 
        emergency response providers;
            (4) incorporating the Strategy priorities into 
        planning guidance on an agency level for the 
        preparedness efforts of the Office for Domestic 
        Preparedness;
            (5) providing agency-specific training for agents 
        and analysts within the Department, other agencies, and 
        State and local agencies and international entities;
            (6) as the lead executive branch agency for 
        preparedness of the United States for acts of 
        terrorism, cooperating closely with the Federal 
        Emergency Management Agency, which shall have the 
        primary responsibility within the executive branch to 
        prepare for and mitigate the effects of nonterrorist-
        related disasters in the United States;
            (7) assisting and supporting the Secretary, in 
        coordination with other Directorates and entities 
        outside the Department, in conducting appropriate risk 
        analysis and risk management activities of State, 
        local, and tribal governments consistent with the 
        mission and functions of the Department;
            (8) those elements of the Office of National 
        Preparedness of the Federal Emergency Management Agency 
        which relate to terrorism, which shall be consolidated 
        within the Department in the Office for Domestic 
        Preparedness established under this section; and
            (9) helping to ensure the acquisition of 
        interoperable communication technology by State and 
        local governments and emergency response providers.
    (d) Fiscal Years 2003 and 2004.--During fiscal year 2003 
and fiscal year 2004, the Director of the Office for Domestic 
Preparedness established under this section shall manage and 
carry out those functions of the Office for Domestic 
Preparedness of the Department of Justice (transferred under 
this section) before September 11, 2001, under the same terms, 
conditions, policies, and authorities, and with the required 
level of personnel, assets, and budget before September 11, 
2001.

SEC. 431. [6 U.S.C. 239] OFFICE OF CARGO SECURITY POLICY.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established within the 
Department an Office of Cargo Security Policy (referred to in 
this section as the ``Office'').
    (b) Purpose.--The Office shall--
            (1) coordinate all Department policies relating to 
        cargo security; and
            (2) consult with stakeholders and coordinate with 
        other Federal agencies in the establishment of 
        standards and regulations and to promote best 
        practices.
    (c) Director.--
            (1) Appointment.--The Office shall be headed by a 
        Director, who shall--
                    (A) be appointed by the Secretary; and
                    (B) report to the Assistant Secretary for 
                Policy.
            (2) Responsibilities.--The Director shall--
                    (A) advise the Assistant Secretary for 
                Policy in the development of Department-wide 
                policies regarding cargo security;
                    (B) coordinate all policies relating to 
                cargo security among the agencies and offices 
                within the Department relating to cargo 
                security; and
                    (C) coordinate the cargo security policies 
                of the Department with the policies of other 
                executive agencies.

SEC. 432. [6 U.S.C. 240] BORDER ENFORCEMENT SECURITY TASK FORCE.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established within the 
Department a program to be known as the Border Enforcement 
Security Task Force (referred to in this section as ``BEST'').
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of BEST is to establish units to 
enhance border security by addressing and reducing border 
security threats and violence by--
            (1) facilitating collaboration among Federal, 
        State, local, tribal, and foreign law enforcement 
        agencies to execute coordinated activities in 
        furtherance of border security, and homeland security; 
        and
            (2) enhancing information-sharing, including the 
        dissemination of homeland security information among 
        such agencies.
    (c) Composition and Establishment of Units.--
            (1) Composition.--BEST units may be comprised of 
        personnel from--
                    (A) U.S. Immigration and Customs 
                Enforcement;
                    (B) U.S. Customs and Border Protection;
                    (C) the United States Coast Guard;
                    (D) other Department personnel, as 
                appropriate
                    (E) other Federal agencies, as appropriate;
                    (F) appropriate State law enforcement 
                agencies;
                    (G) foreign law enforcement agencies, as 
                appropriate;
                    (H) local law enforcement agencies from 
                affected border cities and communities; and
                    (I) appropriate tribal law enforcement 
                agencies.
            (2) Establishment of units.--The Secretary is 
        authorized to establish BEST units in jurisdictions in 
        which such units can contribute to BEST missions, as 
        appropriate. Before establishing a BEST unit, the 
        Secretary shall consider--
                    (A) whether the area in which the BEST unit 
                would be established is significantly impacted 
                by cross-border threats;
                    (B) the availability of Federal, State, 
                local, tribal, and foreign law enforcement 
                resources to participate in the BEST unit;
                    (C) the extent to which border security 
                threats are having a significant harmful impact 
                in the jurisdiction in which the BEST unit is 
                to be established, and other jurisdictions in 
                the country; and
                    (D) whether or not an Integrated Border 
                Enforcement Team already exists in the area in 
                which the BEST unit would be established.
            (3) Duplication of efforts.--In determining whether 
        to establish a new BEST unit or to expand an existing 
        BEST unit in a given jurisdiction, the Secretary shall 
        ensure that the BEST unit under consideration does not 
        duplicate the efforts of other existing interagency 
        task forces or centers within that jurisdiction.
    (d) Operation.--After determining the jurisdictions in 
which to establish BEST units under subsection (c)(2), and in 
order to provide Federal assistance to such jurisdictions, the 
Secretary may--
            (1) direct the assignment of Federal personnel to 
        BEST, subject to the approval of the head of the 
        department or agency that employs such personnel; and
            (2) take other actions to assist Federal, State, 
        local, and tribal entities to participate in BEST, 
        including providing financial assistance, as 
        appropriate, for operational, administrative, and 
        technological costs associated with the participation 
        of Federal, State, local, and tribal law enforcement 
        agencies in BEST.
    (e) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
which BEST is established under this section, and annually 
thereafter for the following 5 years, the Secretary shall 
submit a report to Congress that describes the effectiveness of 
BEST in enhancing border security and reducing the drug 
trafficking, arms smuggling, illegal alien trafficking and 
smuggling, violence, and kidnapping along and across the 
international borders of the United States, as measured by 
crime statistics, including violent deaths, incidents of 
violence, and drug-related arrests.

SEC. 433. [6 U.S.C. 241] PREVENTION OF INTERNATIONAL CHILD ABDUCTION.

    (a) Program Established.--The Secretary, through the 
Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (referred to 
in this section as ``CBP''), in coordination with the Secretary 
of State, the Attorney General, and the Director of the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation, shall establish a program that--
            (1) seeks to prevent a child (as defined in section 
        1204(b)(1) of title 18, United States Code) from 
        departing from the territory of the United States if a 
        parent or legal guardian of such child presents a court 
        order from a court of competent jurisdiction 
        prohibiting the removal of such child from the United 
        States to a CBP Officer in sufficient time to prevent 
        such departure for the duration of such court order; 
        and
            (2) leverages other existing authorities and 
        processes to address the wrongful removal and return of 
        a child.
    (b) Interagency Coordination.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of State shall 
        convene and chair an interagency working group to 
        prevent international parental child abduction. The 
        group shall be composed of presidentially appointed, 
        Senate confirmed officials from--
                    (A) the Department of State;
                    (B) the Department of Homeland Security, 
                including U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
                and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement; 
                and
                    (C) the Department of Justice, including 
                the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
            (2) Department of defense.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall designate an official within the 
        Department of Defense--
                    (A) to coordinate with the Department of 
                State on international child abduction issues; 
                and
                    (B) to oversee activities designed to 
                prevent or resolve international child 
                abduction cases relating to active duty 
                military service members.

SEC. 434. [6 U.S.C. 242] DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BLUE CAMPAIGN.

    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``human 
trafficking'' means an act or practice described in paragraph 
(9) or (10) of section 103 of the Trafficking Victims 
Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102).
    (b) Establishment.--There is established within the 
Department a program, which shall be known as the ``Blue 
Campaign''. The Blue Campaign shall be headed by a Director, 
who shall be appointed by the Secretary.
    (c) Purpose.--The purpose of the Blue Campaign shall be to 
unify and coordinate Department efforts to address human 
trafficking.
    (d) Responsibilities.--The Secretary, working through the 
Director, shall, in accordance with subsection (e)--
            (1) issue Department-wide guidance to appropriate 
        Department personnel;
            (2) develop training programs for such personnel;
            (3) coordinate departmental efforts, including 
        training for such personnel; and
            (4) provide guidance and training on trauma-
        informed practices to ensure that human trafficking 
        victims are afforded prompt access to victim support 
        service providers, in addition to the assistance 
        required under section 107 of the Trafficking Victims 
        Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7105), to address 
        their immediate and long-term needs.
    (e) Guidance and Training.--The Blue Campaign shall provide 
guidance and training to Department personnel and other 
Federal, State, tribal, and law enforcement personnel, as 
appropriate, regarding--
            (1) programs to help identify instances of human 
        trafficking;
            (2) the types of information that should be 
        collected and recorded in information technology 
        systems utilized by the Department to help identify 
        individuals suspected or convicted of human 
        trafficking;
            (3) systematic and routine information sharing 
        within the Department and among Federal, State, tribal, 
        and local law enforcement agencies regarding--
                    (A) individuals suspected or convicted of 
                human trafficking; and
                    (B) patterns and practices of human 
                trafficking;
            (4) techniques to identify suspected victims of 
        trafficking along the United States border and at 
        airport security checkpoints;
            (5) methods to be used by the Transportation 
        Security Administration and personnel from other 
        appropriate agencies to--
                    (A) train employees of the Transportation 
                Security Administration to identify suspected 
                victims of trafficking; and
                    (B) serve as a liaison and resource 
                regarding human trafficking prevention to 
                appropriate State, local, and private sector 
                aviation workers and the traveling public;
            (6) utilizing resources, such as indicator cards, 
        fact sheets, pamphlets, posters, brochures, and radio 
        and television campaigns to--
                    (A) educate partners and stakeholders; and
                    (B) increase public awareness of human 
                trafficking;
            (7) leveraging partnerships with State and local 
        governmental, nongovernmental, and private sector 
        organizations to raise public awareness of human 
        trafficking; and
            (8) any other activities the Secretary determines 
        necessary to carry out the Blue Campaign.

SEC. 435. [6 U.S.C. 243] MARITIME OPERATIONS COORDINATION PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of the Maritime Security Improvement Act of 2018, and 
biennially thereafter, the Secretary shall--
            (1) update the Maritime Operations Coordination 
        Plan, published by the Department on July 7, 2011, to 
        strengthen coordination, planning, information sharing, 
        and intelligence integration for maritime operations of 
        components and offices of the Department with 
        responsibility for maritime security missions; and
            (2) submit each update to the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the Committee 
        on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure and the Committee on Homeland Security 
        of the House of Representatives.
    (b) Contents.--Each update shall address the following:
            (1) Coordinating the planning, integration of 
        maritime operations, and development of joint maritime 
        domain awareness efforts of any component or office of 
        the Department with responsibility for maritime 
        security missions.
            (2) Maintaining effective information sharing and, 
        as appropriate, intelligence integration, with Federal, 
        State, and local officials and the private sector, 
        regarding threats to maritime security.
            (3) Cooperating and coordinating with Federal 
        departments and agencies, and State and local agencies, 
        in the maritime environment, in support of maritime 
        security missions.
            (4) Highlighting the work completed within the 
        context of other national and Department maritime 
        security strategic guidance and how that work fits with 
        the Maritime Operations Coordination Plan.

SEC. 436. [6 U.S.C. 244] MARITIME SECURITY CAPABILITIES ASSESSMENTS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the 
Maritime Security Improvement Act of 2018, and annually 
thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and 
the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the 
Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, 
an assessment of the number and type of maritime assets and the 
number of personnel required to increase the Department's 
maritime response rate pursuant to section 1092 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 223).

             Subtitle D--Immigration Enforcement Functions

SEC. 441. [6 U.S.C. 251] TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS.

     In accordance with title XV (relating to transition 
provisions), there shall be transferred from the Commissioner 
of Immigration and Naturalization to the Secretary all 
functions performed under the following programs, and all 
personnel, assets, and liabilities pertaining to such programs, 
immediately before such transfer occurs:
            (1) The Border Patrol program.
            (2) The detention and removal program.
            (3) The intelligence program.
            (4) The investigations program.
            (5) The inspections program.

SEC. 442. [6 U.S.C. 252] ESTABLISHMENT OF BUREAU OF BORDER SECURITY.

    (a) Establishment of Bureau.--
            (1) In general.--There shall be in the Department 
        of Homeland Security a bureau to be known as the 
        ``Bureau of Border Security''.
            (2) Assistant secretary.--The head of the Bureau of 
        Border Security shall be the Assistant Secretary of the 
        Bureau of Border Security, who--
                    (A) shall report directly to the Under 
                Secretary for Border and Transportation 
                Security; and
                    (B) shall have a minimum of 5 years 
                professional experience in law enforcement, and 
                a minimum of 5 years of management experience.
            (3) Functions.--The Assistant Secretary of the 
        Bureau of Border Security--
                    (A) shall establish the policies for 
                performing such functions as are--
                            (i) transferred to the Under 
                        Secretary for Border and Transportation 
                        Security by section 441 and delegated 
                        to the Assistant Secretary by the Under 
                        Secretary for Border and Transportation 
                        Security; or
                            (ii) otherwise vested in the 
                        Assistant Secretary by law;
                    (B) shall oversee the administration of 
                such policies; and
                    (C) shall advise the Under Secretary for 
                Border and Transportation Security with respect 
                to any policy or operation of the Bureau of 
                Border Security that may affect the Bureau of 
                Citizenship and Immigration Services 
                established under subtitle E, including 
                potentially conflicting policies or operations.
            (4) Program to collect information relating to 
        foreign students.--The Assistant Secretary of the 
        Bureau of Border Security shall be responsible for 
        administering the program to collect information 
        relating to nonimmigrant foreign students and other 
        exchange program participants described in section 641 
        of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant 
        Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372), including 
        the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System 
        established under that section, and shall use such 
        information to carry out the enforcement functions of 
        the Bureau.
            (5) Managerial rotation program.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 1 year 
                after the date on which the transfer of 
                functions specified under section 441 takes 
                effect, the Assistant Secretary of the Bureau 
                of Border Security shall design and implement a 
                managerial rotation program under which 
                employees of such bureau holding positions 
                involving supervisory or managerial 
                responsibility and classified, in accordance 
                with chapter 51 of title 5, United States Code, 
                as a GS-14 or above, shall--
                            (i) gain some experience in all the 
                        major functions performed by such 
                        bureau; and
                            (ii) work in at least one local 
                        office of such bureau.
                    (B) Report.--Not later than 2 years after 
                the date on which the transfer of functions 
                specified under section 441 takes effect, the 
                Secretary shall submit a report to the Congress 
                on the implementation of such program.
    (b) Chief of Policy and Strategy.--
            (1) In general.--There shall be a position of Chief 
        of Policy and Strategy for the Bureau of Border 
        Security.
            (2) Functions.--In consultation with Bureau of 
        Border Security personnel in local offices, the Chief 
        of Policy and Strategy shall be responsible for--
                    (A) making policy recommendations and 
                performing policy research and analysis on 
                immigration enforcement issues; and
                    (B) coordinating immigration policy issues 
                with the Chief of Policy and Strategy for the 
                Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services 
                (established under subtitle E), as appropriate.
    (c) Legal Advisor.--There shall be a principal legal 
advisor to the Assistant Secretary of the Bureau of Border 
Security. The legal advisor shall provide specialized legal 
advice to the Assistant Secretary of the Bureau of Border 
Security and shall represent the bureau in all exclusion, 
deportation, and removal proceedings before the Executive 
Office for Immigration Review.

SEC. 443. [6 U.S.C. 253] PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY AND QUALITY 
                    REVIEW.

     The Secretary shall be responsible for--
            (1) conducting investigations of noncriminal 
        allegations of misconduct, corruption, and fraud 
        involving any employee of U.S. Immigration and Customs 
        Enforcement that are not subject to investigation by 
        the Inspector General for the Department;
            (2) inspecting the operations of U.S. Immigration 
        and Customs Enforcement and providing assessments of 
        the quality of the operations of such bureau as a whole 
        and each of its components; and
            (3) providing an analysis of the management of U.S. 
        Immigration and Customs Enforcement.

SEC. 444. [6 U.S.C. 254] EMPLOYEE DISCIPLINE.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary 
may impose disciplinary action on any employee of U.S. 
Immigration and Customs Enforcement and U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection who willfully deceives Congress or agency leadership 
on any matter.

SEC. 445. [6 U.S.C. 255] REPORT ON IMPROVING ENFORCEMENT FUNCTIONS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary, not later than 1 year after 
being sworn into office, shall submit to the Committees on 
Appropriations and the Judiciary of the House of 
Representatives and of the Senate a report with a plan 
detailing how the Bureau of Border Security, after the transfer 
of functions specified under section 441 takes effect, will 
enforce comprehensively, effectively, and fairly all the 
enforcement provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
(8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.) relating to such functions.
    (b) Consultation.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Homeland Security shall consult with the Attorney 
General, the Secretary of State, the Director of the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation, the Secretary of the Treasury, the 
Secretary of Labor, the Commissioner of Social Security, the 
Director of the Executive Office for Immigration Review, and 
the heads of State and local law enforcement agencies to 
determine how to most effectively conduct enforcement 
operations.

SEC. 446. [6 U.S.C. 256] SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING CONSTRUCTION OF 
                    FENCING NEAR SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA.

    It is the sense of the Congress that completing the 14-mile 
border fence project required to be carried out under section 
102(b) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant 
Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1103 note) should be a 
priority for the Secretary.

            Subtitle E--Citizenship and Immigration Services

SEC. 451. [6 U.S.C. 271] ESTABLISHMENT OF BUREAU OF CITIZENSHIP AND 
                    IMMIGRATION SERVICES.

    (a) Establishment of Bureau.--
            (1) In general.--There shall be in the Department a 
        bureau to be known as the ``Bureau of Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services''.
            (2) Director.--The head of the Bureau of 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services shall be the 
        Director of the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration 
        Services, who--
                    (A) shall report directly to the Deputy 
                Secretary;
                    (B) shall have a minimum of 5 years of 
                management experience; and
                    (C) shall be paid at the same level as the 
                Assistant Secretary of the Bureau of Border 
                Security.
            (3) Functions.--The Director of the Bureau of 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services--
                    (A) shall establish the policies for 
                performing such functions as are transferred to 
                the Director by this section or this Act or 
                otherwise vested in the Director by law;
                    (B) shall oversee the administration of 
                such policies;
                    (C) shall advise the Deputy Secretary with 
                respect to any policy or operation of the 
                Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services 
                that may affect the Bureau of Border Security 
                of the Department, including potentially 
                conflicting policies or operations;
                    (D) shall establish national immigration 
                services policies and priorities;
                    (E) shall meet regularly with the Ombudsman 
                described in section 452 to correct serious 
                service problems identified by the Ombudsman; 
                and
                    (F) shall establish procedures requiring a 
                formal response to any recommendations 
                submitted in the Ombudsman's annual report to 
                Congress within 3 months after its submission 
                to Congress.
            (4) Managerial rotation program.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 1 year 
                after the effective date specified in section 
                455, the Director of the Bureau of Citizenship 
                and Immigration Services shall design and 
                implement a managerial rotation program under 
                which employees of such bureau holding 
                positions involving supervisory or managerial 
                responsibility and classified, in accordance 
                with chapter 51 of title 5, United States Code, 
                as a GS-14 or above, shall--
                            (i) gain some experience in all the 
                        major functions performed by such 
                        bureau; and
                            (ii) work in at least one field 
                        office and one service center of such 
                        bureau.
                    (B) Report.--Not later than 2 years after 
                the effective date specified in section 455, 
                the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress 
                on the implementation of such program.
            (5) Pilot initiatives for backlog elimination.--The 
        Director of the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration 
        Services is authorized to implement innovative pilot 
        initiatives to eliminate any remaining backlog in the 
        processing of immigration benefit applications, and to 
        prevent any backlog in the processing of such 
        applications from recurring, in accordance with section 
        204(a) of the Immigration Services and Infrastructure 
        Improvements Act of 2000 (8 U.S.C. 1573(a)). Such 
        initiatives may include measures such as increasing 
        personnel, transferring personnel to focus on areas 
        with the largest potential for backlog, and 
        streamlining paperwork.
    (b) Transfer of Functions From Commissioner.--In accordance 
with title XV (relating to transition provisions), there are 
transferred from the Commissioner of Immigration and 
Naturalization to the Director of the Bureau of Citizenship and 
Immigration Services the following functions, and all 
personnel, infrastructure, and funding provided to the 
Commissioner in support of such functions immediately before 
the effective date specified in section 455:
            (1) Adjudications of immigrant visa petitions.
            (2) Adjudications of naturalization petitions.
            (3) Adjudications of asylum and refugee 
        applications.
            (4) Adjudications performed at service centers.
            (5) All other adjudications performed by the 
        Immigration and Naturalization Service immediately 
        before the effective date specified in section 455.
    (c) Chief of Policy and Strategy.--
            (1) In general.--There shall be a position of Chief 
        of Policy and Strategy for the Bureau of Citizenship 
        and Immigration Services.
            (2) Functions.--In consultation with Bureau of 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services personnel in field 
        offices, the Chief of Policy and Strategy shall be 
        responsible for--
                    (A) making policy recommendations and 
                performing policy research and analysis on 
                immigration services issues; and
                    (B) coordinating immigration policy issues 
                with the Chief of Policy and Strategy for the 
                Bureau of Border Security of the Department.
    (d) Legal Advisor.--
            (1) In general.--There shall be a principal legal 
        advisor to the Director of the Bureau of Citizenship 
        and Immigration Services.
            (2) Functions.--The legal advisor shall be 
        responsible for--
                    (A) providing specialized legal advice, 
                opinions, determinations, regulations, and any 
                other assistance to the Director of the Bureau 
                of Citizenship and Immigration Services with 
                respect to legal matters affecting the Bureau 
                of Citizenship and Immigration Services; and
                    (B) representing the Bureau of Citizenship 
                and Immigration Services in visa petition 
                appeal proceedings before the Executive Office 
                for Immigration Review.
    (e) Budget Officer.--
            (1) In general.--There shall be a Budget Officer 
        for the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services.
            (2) Functions.--
                    (A) In general.--The Budget Officer shall 
                be responsible for--
                            (i) formulating and executing the 
                        budget of the Bureau of Citizenship and 
                        Immigration Services;
                            (ii) financial management of the 
                        Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration 
                        Services; and
                            (iii) collecting all payments, 
                        fines, and other debts for the Bureau 
                        of Citizenship and Immigration 
                        Services.
    (f) Chief of Office of Citizenship.--
            (1) In general.--There shall be a position of Chief 
        of the Office of Citizenship for the Bureau of 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services.
            (2) Functions.--The Chief of the Office of 
        Citizenship for the Bureau of Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services shall be responsible for promoting 
        instruction and training on citizenship 
        responsibilities for aliens interested in becoming 
        naturalized citizens of the United States, including 
        the development of educational materials.

SEC. 452. [6 U.S.C. 272] CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES 
                    OMBUDSMAN.

    (a) In General.--Within the Department, there shall be a 
position of Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman (in 
this section referred to as the ``Ombudsman''). The Ombudsman 
shall report directly to the Deputy Secretary. The Ombudsman 
shall have a background in customer service as well as 
immigration law.
    (b) Functions.--It shall be the function of the Ombudsman--
            (1) to assist individuals and employers in 
        resolving problems with the Bureau of Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services;
            (2) to identify areas in which individuals and 
        employers have problems in dealing with the Bureau of 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services; and
            (3) to the extent possible, to propose changes in 
        the administrative practices of the Bureau of 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services to mitigate 
        problems identified under paragraph (2).
    (c) Annual Reports.--
            (1) Objectives.--Not later than June 30 of each 
        calendar year, the Ombudsman shall report to the 
        Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate on the objectives of the 
        Office of the Ombudsman for the fiscal year beginning 
        in such calendar year. Any such report shall contain 
        full and substantive analysis, in addition to 
        statistical information, and--
                    (A) shall identify the recommendations the 
                Office of the Ombudsman has made on improving 
                services and responsiveness of the Bureau of 
                Citizenship and Immigration Services;
                    (B) shall contain a summary of the most 
                pervasive and serious problems encountered by 
                individuals and employers, including a 
                description of the nature of such problems;
                    (C) shall contain an inventory of the items 
                described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) for 
                which action has been taken and the result of 
                such action;
                    (D) shall contain an inventory of the items 
                described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) for 
                which action remains to be completed and the 
                period during which each item has remained on 
                such inventory;
                    (E) shall contain an inventory of the items 
                described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) for 
                which no action has been taken, the period 
                during which each item has remained on such 
                inventory, the reasons for the inaction, and 
                shall identify any official of the Bureau of 
                Citizenship and Immigration Services who is 
                responsible for such inaction;
                    (F) shall contain recommendations for such 
                administrative action as may be appropriate to 
                resolve problems encountered by individuals and 
                employers, including problems created by 
                excessive backlogs in the adjudication and 
                processing of immigration benefit petitions and 
                applications; and
                    (G) shall include such other information as 
                the Ombudsman may deem advisable.
            (2) Report to be submitted directly.--Each report 
        required under this subsection shall be provided 
        directly to the committees described in paragraph (1) 
        without any prior comment or amendment from the 
        Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Director of the Bureau of 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services, or any other 
        officer or employee of the Department or the Office of 
        Management and Budget.
    (d) Other Responsibilities.--The Ombudsman--
            (1) shall monitor the coverage and geographic 
        allocation of local offices of the Ombudsman;
            (2) shall develop guidance to be distributed to all 
        officers and employees of the Bureau of Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services outlining the criteria for 
        referral of inquiries to local offices of the 
        Ombudsman;
            (3) shall ensure that the local telephone number 
        for each local office of the Ombudsman is published and 
        available to individuals and employers served by the 
        office; and
            (4) shall meet regularly with the Director of the 
        Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services to 
        identify serious service problems and to present 
        recommendations for such administrative action as may 
        be appropriate to resolve problems encountered by 
        individuals and employers.
    (e) Personnel Actions.--
            (1) In general.--The Ombudsman shall have the 
        responsibility and authority--
                    (A) to appoint local ombudsmen and make 
                available at least 1 such ombudsman for each 
                State; and
                    (B) to evaluate and take personnel actions 
                (including dismissal) with respect to any 
                employee of any local office of the Ombudsman.
            (2) Consultation.--The Ombudsman may consult with 
        the appropriate supervisory personnel of the Bureau of 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services in carrying out 
        the Ombudsman's responsibilities under this subsection.
    (f) Responsibilities of Bureau of Citizenship and 
Immigration Services.--The Director of the Bureau of 
Citizenship and Immigration Services shall establish procedures 
requiring a formal response to all recommendations submitted to 
such director by the Ombudsman within 3 months after submission 
to such director.
    (g) Operation of Local Offices.--
            (1) In general.--Each local ombudsman--
                    (A) shall report to the Ombudsman or the 
                delegate thereof;
                    (B) may consult with the appropriate 
                supervisory personnel of the Bureau of 
                Citizenship and Immigration Services regarding 
                the daily operation of the local office of such 
                ombudsman;
                    (C) shall, at the initial meeting with any 
                individual or employer seeking the assistance 
                of such local office, notify such individual or 
                employer that the local offices of the 
                Ombudsman operate independently of any other 
                component of the Department and report directly 
                to Congress through the Ombudsman; and
                    (D) at the local ombudsman's discretion, 
                may determine not to disclose to the Bureau of 
                Citizenship and Immigration Services contact 
                with, or information provided by, such 
                individual or employer.
            (2) Maintenance of independent communications.--
        Each local office of the Ombudsman shall maintain a 
        phone, facsimile, and other means of electronic 
        communication access, and a post office address, that 
        is separate from those maintained by the Bureau of 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services, or any component 
        of the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services.

SEC. 453. [6 U.S.C. 273] PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY AND QUALITY 
                    REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--The Director of the Bureau of Citizenship 
and Immigration Services shall be responsible for--
            (1) conducting investigations of noncriminal 
        allegations of misconduct, corruption, and fraud 
        involving any employee of the Bureau of Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services that are not subject to 
        investigation by the Inspector General for the 
        Department;
            (2) inspecting the operations of the Bureau of 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services and providing 
        assessments of the quality of the operations of such 
        bureau as a whole and each of its components; and
            (3) providing an analysis of the management of the 
        Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services.
    (b) Special Considerations.--In providing assessments in 
accordance with subsection (a)(2) with respect to a decision of 
the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services, or any of 
its components, consideration shall be given to--
            (1) the accuracy of the findings of fact and 
        conclusions of law used in rendering the decision;
            (2) any fraud or misrepresentation associated with 
        the decision; and
            (3) the efficiency with which the decision was 
        rendered.

SEC. 454. [6 U.S.C. 274] EMPLOYEE DISCIPLINE.

    The Director of the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration 
Services may, notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
impose disciplinary action, including termination of 
employment, pursuant to policies and procedures applicable to 
employees of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, on any 
employee of the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services 
who willfully deceives Congress or agency leadership on any 
matter.

SEC. 455. [6 U.S.C. 271 NOTE] EFFECTIVE DATE.

    Notwithstanding section 4, sections 451 through 456, and 
the amendments made by such sections, shall take effect on the 
date on which the transfer of functions specified under section 
441 takes effect.

SEC. 456. [6 U.S.C. 275] TRANSITION.

    (a) References.--With respect to any function transferred 
by this subtitle to, and exercised on or after the effective 
date specified in section 455 by, the Director of the Bureau of 
Citizenship and Immigration Services, any reference in any 
other Federal law, Executive order, rule, regulation, or 
delegation of authority, or any document of or pertaining to a 
component of government from which such function is 
transferred--
            (1) to the head of such component is deemed to 
        refer to the Director of the Bureau of Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services; or
            (2) to such component is deemed to refer to the 
        Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services.
    (b) Other Transition Issues.--
            (1) Exercise of authorities.--Except as otherwise 
        provided by law, a Federal official to whom a function 
        is transferred by this subtitle may, for purposes of 
        performing the function, exercise all authorities under 
        any other provision of law that were available with 
        respect to the performance of that function to the 
        official responsible for the performance of the 
        function immediately before the effective date 
        specified in section 455.
            (2) Transfer and allocation of appropriations and 
        personnel.--The personnel of the Department of Justice 
        employed in connection with the functions transferred 
        by this subtitle (and functions that the Secretary 
        determines are properly related to the functions of the 
        Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services), and 
        the assets, liabilities, contracts, property, records, 
        and unexpended balance of appropriations, 
        authorizations, allocations, and other funds employed, 
        held, used, arising from, available to, or to be made 
        available to, the Immigration and Naturalization 
        Service in connection with the functions transferred by 
        this subtitle, subject to section 202 of the Budget and 
        Accounting Procedures Act of 1950, shall be transferred 
        to the Director of the Bureau of Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services for allocation to the appropriate 
        component of the Department. Unexpended funds 
        transferred pursuant to this paragraph shall be used 
        only for the purposes for which the funds were 
        originally authorized and appropriated. The Secretary 
        shall have the right to adjust or realign transfers of 
        funds and personnel effected pursuant to this subtitle 
        for a period of 2 years after the effective date 
        specified in section 455.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 459. [6 U.S.C. 276] REPORT ON IMPROVING IMMIGRATION SERVICES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary, not later than 1 year after 
the effective date of this Act, shall submit to the Committees 
on the Judiciary and Appropriations of the House of 
Representatives and of the Senate a report with a plan 
detailing how the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration 
Services, after the transfer of functions specified in this 
subtitle takes effect, will complete efficiently, fairly, and 
within a reasonable time, the adjudications described in 
paragraphs (1) through (5) of section 451(b).
    (b) Contents.--For each type of adjudication to be 
undertaken by the Director of the Bureau of Citizenship and 
Immigration Services, the report shall include the following:
            (1) Any potential savings of resources that may be 
        implemented without affecting the quality of the 
        adjudication.
            (2) The goal for processing time with respect to 
        the application.
            (3) Any statutory modifications with respect to the 
        adjudication that the Secretary considers advisable.
    (c) Consultation.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of State, the 
Secretary of Labor, the Assistant Secretary of the Bureau of 
Border Security of the Department, and the Director of the 
Executive Office for Immigration Review to determine how to 
streamline and improve the process for applying for and making 
adjudications described in section 451(b) and related 
processes.

SEC. 460. [6 U.S.C. 277] REPORT ON RESPONDING TO FLUCTUATING NEEDS.

    Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Attorney General shall submit to Congress a 
report on changes in law, including changes in authorizations 
of appropriations and in appropriations, that are needed to 
permit the Immigration and Naturalization Service, and, after 
the transfer of functions specified in this subtitle takes 
effect, the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services of 
the Department, to ensure a prompt and timely response to 
emergent, unforeseen, or impending changes in the number of 
applications for immigration benefits, and otherwise to ensure 
the accommodation of changing immigration service needs.

SEC. 461. [6 U.S.C. 278] APPLICATION OF INTERNET-BASED TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) Establishment of Tracking System.--The Secretary, not 
later than 1 year after the effective date of this Act, in 
consultation with the Technology Advisory Committee established 
under subsection (c), shall establish an Internet-based system, 
that will permit a person, employer, immigrant, or nonimmigrant 
who has filings with the Secretary for any benefit under the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.), access 
to online information about the processing status of the filing 
involved.
    (b) Feasibility Study for Online Filing and Improved 
Processing.--
            (1) Online filing.--The Secretary, in consultation 
        with the Technology Advisory Committee established 
        under subsection (c), shall conduct a feasibility study 
        on the online filing of the filings described in 
        subsection (a). The study shall include a review of 
        computerization and technology of the Immigration and 
        Naturalization Service relating to the immigration 
        services and processing of filings related to immigrant 
        services. The study shall also include an estimate of 
        the timeframe and cost and shall consider other factors 
        in implementing such a filing system, including the 
        feasibility of fee payment online.
            (2) Report.--A report on the study under this 
        subsection shall be submitted to the Committees on the 
        Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the 
        Senate not later than 1 year after the effective date 
        of this Act.
    (c) Technology Advisory Committee.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish, 
        not later than 60 days after the effective date of this 
        Act, an advisory committee (in this section referred to 
        as the ``Technology Advisory Committee'') to assist the 
        Secretary in--
                    (A) establishing the tracking system under 
                subsection (a); and
                    (B) conducting the study under subsection 
                (b).
        The Technology Advisory Committee shall be established 
        after consultation with the Committees on the Judiciary 
        of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
            (2) Composition.--The Technology Advisory Committee 
        shall be composed of representatives from high 
        technology companies capable of establishing and 
        implementing the system in an expeditious manner, and 
        representatives of persons who may use the tracking 
        system described in subsection (a) and the online 
        filing system described in subsection (b)(1).

SEC. 462. [6 U.S.C. 279] CHILDREN'S AFFAIRS.

    (a) Transfer of Functions.--There are transferred to the 
Director of the Office of Refugee Resettlement of the 
Department of Health and Human Services functions under the 
immigration laws of the United States with respect to the care 
of unaccompanied alien children that were vested by statute in, 
or performed by, the Commissioner of Immigration and 
Naturalization (or any officer, employee, or component of the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service) immediately before the 
effective date specified in subsection (d).
    (b) Functions.--
            (1) In general.--Pursuant to the transfer made by 
        subsection (a), the Director of the Office of Refugee 
        Resettlement shall be responsible for--
                    (A) coordinating and implementing the care 
                and placement of unaccompanied alien children 
                who are in Federal custody by reason of their 
                immigration status, including developing a plan 
                to be submitted to Congress on how to ensure 
                that qualified and independent legal counsel is 
                timely appointed to represent the interests of 
                each such child, consistent with the law 
                regarding appointment of counsel that is in 
                effect on the date of the enactment of this 
                Act;
                    (B) ensuring that the interests of the 
                child are considered in decisions and actions 
                relating to the care and custody of an 
                unaccompanied alien child;
                    (C) making placement determinations for all 
                unaccompanied alien children who are in Federal 
                custody by reason of their immigration status;
                    (D) implementing the placement 
                determinations;
                    (E) implementing policies with respect to 
                the care and placement of unaccompanied alien 
                children;
                    (F) identifying a sufficient number of 
                qualified individuals, entities, and facilities 
                to house unaccompanied alien children;
                    (G) overseeing the infrastructure and 
                personnel of facilities in which unaccompanied 
                alien children reside;
                    (H) reuniting unaccompanied alien children 
                with a parent abroad in appropriate cases;
                    (I) compiling, updating, and publishing at 
                least annually a state-by-state list of 
                professionals or other entities qualified to 
                provide guardian and attorney representation 
                services for unaccompanied alien children;
                    (J) maintaining statistical information and 
                other data on unaccompanied alien children for 
                whose care and placement the Director is 
                responsible, which shall include--
                            (i) biographical information, such 
                        as a child's name, gender, date of 
                        birth, country of birth, and country of 
                        habitual residence;
                            (ii) the date on which the child 
                        came into Federal custody by reason of 
                        his or her immigration status;
                            (iii) information relating to the 
                        child's placement, removal, or release 
                        from each facility in which the child 
                        has resided;
                            (iv) in any case in which the child 
                        is placed in detention or released, an 
                        explanation relating to the detention 
                        or release; and
                            (v) the disposition of any actions 
                        in which the child is the subject;
                    (K) collecting and compiling statistical 
                information from the Department of Justice, the 
                Department of Homeland Security, and the 
                Department of State on each department's 
                actions relating to unaccompanied alien 
                children; and
                    (L) conducting investigations and 
                inspections of facilities and other entities in 
                which unaccompanied alien children reside, 
                including regular follow-up visits to such 
                facilities, placements, and other entities, to 
                assess the continued suitability of such 
                placements.
            (2) Coordination with other entities; no release on 
        own recognizance.--In making determinations described 
        in paragraph (1)(C), the Director of the Office of 
        Refugee Resettlement--
                    (A) shall consult with appropriate juvenile 
                justice professionals, the Director of the 
                Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services, 
                and the Assistant Secretary of the Bureau of 
                Border Security to ensure that such 
                determinations ensure that unaccompanied alien 
                children described in such subparagraph--
                            (i) are likely to appear for all 
                        hearings or proceedings in which they 
                        are involved;
                            (ii) are protected from smugglers, 
                        traffickers, or others who might seek 
                        to victimize or otherwise engage them 
                        in criminal, harmful, or exploitive 
                        activity; and
                            (iii) are placed in a setting in 
                        which they are not likely to pose a 
                        danger to themselves or others; and
                    (B) shall not release such children upon 
                their own recognizance.
            (3) Duties with respect to foster care.--In 
        carrying out the duties described in paragraph (1), the 
        Director of the Office of Refugee Resettlement is 
        encouraged to use the refugee children foster care 
        system established pursuant to section 412(d) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1522(d)) for 
        the placement of unaccompanied alien children.
            (4) Rule of construction.--Nothing in paragraph 
        (2)(B) may be construed to require that a bond be 
        posted for an unaccompanied alien child who is released 
        to a qualified sponsor.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to transfer the responsibility for adjudicating 
benefit determinations under the Immigration and Nationality 
Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.) from the authority of any official 
of the Department of Justice, the Department of Homeland 
Security, or the Department of State.
    (d) Effective Date.--Notwithstanding section 4, this 
section shall take effect on the date on which the transfer of 
functions specified under section 441 takes effect.
    (e) References.--With respect to any function transferred 
by this section, any reference in any other Federal law, 
Executive order, rule, regulation, or delegation of authority, 
or any document of or pertaining to a component of government 
from which such function is transferred--
            (1) to the head of such component is deemed to 
        refer to the Director of the Office of Refugee 
        Resettlement; or
            (2) to such component is deemed to refer to the 
        Office of Refugee Resettlement of the Department of 
        Health and Human Services.
    (f) Other Transition Issues.--
            (1) Exercise of authorities.--Except as otherwise 
        provided by law, a Federal official to whom a function 
        is transferred by this section may, for purposes of 
        performing the function, exercise all authorities under 
        any other provision of law that were available with 
        respect to the performance of that function to the 
        official responsible for the performance of the 
        function immediately before the effective date 
        specified in subsection (d).
            (2) Savings provisions.--Subsections (a), (b), and 
        (c) of section 1512 shall apply to a transfer of 
        functions under this section in the same manner as such 
        provisions apply to a transfer of functions under this 
        Act to the Department of Homeland Security.
            (3) Transfer and allocation of appropriations and 
        personnel.--The personnel of the Department of Justice 
        employed in connection with the functions transferred 
        by this section, and the assets, liabilities, 
        contracts, property, records, and unexpended balance of 
        appropriations, authorizations, allocations, and other 
        funds employed, held, used, arising from, available to, 
        or to be made available to, the Immigration and 
        Naturalization Service in connection with the functions 
        transferred by this section, subject to section 202 of 
        the Budget and Accounting Procedures Act of 1950, shall 
        be transferred to the Director of the Office of Refugee 
        Resettlement for allocation to the appropriate 
        component of the Department of Health and Human 
        Services. Unexpended funds transferred pursuant to this 
        paragraph shall be used only for the purposes for which 
        the funds were originally authorized and appropriated.
    (g) Definitions.--As used in this section--
            (1) the term ``placement'' means the placement of 
        an unaccompanied alien child in either a detention 
        facility or an alternative to such a facility; and
            (2) the term ``unaccompanied alien child'' means a 
        child who--
                    (A) has no lawful immigration status in the 
                United States;
                    (B) has not attained 18 years of age; and
                    (C) with respect to whom--
                            (i) there is no parent or legal 
                        guardian in the United States; or
                            (ii) no parent or legal guardian in 
                        the United States is available to 
                        provide care and physical custody.

               Subtitle F--General Immigration Provisions

SEC. 471. [6 U.S.C. 291] ABOLISHMENT OF INS.

    (a) In General.--Upon completion of all transfers from the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service as provided for by this 
Act, the Immigration and Naturalization Service of the 
Department of Justice is abolished.
    (b) Prohibition.--The authority provided by section 1502 
may be used to reorganize functions or organizational units 
within the Bureau of Border Security or the Bureau of 
Citizenship and Immigration Services, but may not be used to 
recombine the two bureaus into a single agency or otherwise to 
combine, join, or consolidate functions or organizational units 
of the two bureaus with each other.

SEC. 472. [6 U.S.C. 292] VOLUNTARY SEPARATION INCENTIVE PAYMENTS.

    (a) Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
            (1) the term ``employee'' means an employee (as 
        defined by section 2105 of title 5, United States Code) 
        who--
                    (A) has completed at least 3 years of 
                current continuous service with 1 or more 
                covered entities; and
                    (B) is serving under an appointment without 
                time limitation,
        but does not include any person under subparagraphs 
        (A)-(G) of section 663(a)(2) of Public Law 104-208 (5 
        U.S.C. 5597 note);
            (2) the term ``covered entity'' means--
                    (A) the Immigration and Naturalization 
                Service;
                    (B) the Bureau of Border Security of the 
                Department of Homeland Security; and
                    (C) the Bureau of Citizenship and 
                Immigration Services of the Department of 
                Homeland Security; and
            (3) the term ``transfer date'' means the date on 
        which the transfer of functions specified under section 
        441 takes effect.
    (b) Strategic Restructuring Plan.--Before the Attorney 
General or the Secretary obligates any resources for voluntary 
separation incentive payments under this section, such official 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
strategic restructuring plan, which shall include--
            (1) an organizational chart depicting the covered 
        entities after their restructuring pursuant to this 
        Act;
            (2) a summary description of how the authority 
        under this section will be used to help carry out that 
        restructuring; and
            (3) the information specified in section 663(b)(2) 
        of Public Law 104-208 (5 U.S.C. 5597 note).
As used in the preceding sentence, the ``appropriate committees 
of Congress'' are the Committees on Appropriations, Government 
Reform, and the Judiciary of the House of Representatives, and 
the Committees on Appropriations, Governmental Affairs, and the 
Judiciary of the Senate.
    (c) Authority.--The Attorney General and the Secretary may, 
to the extent necessary to help carry out their respective 
strategic restructuring plan described in subsection (b), make 
voluntary separation incentive payments to employees. Any such 
payment--
            (1) shall be paid to the employee, in a lump sum, 
        after the employee has separated from service;
            (2) shall be paid from appropriations or funds 
        available for the payment of basic pay of the employee;
            (3) shall be equal to the lesser of--
                    (A) the amount the employee would be 
                entitled to receive under section 5595(c) of 
                title 5, United States Code; or
                    (B) an amount not to exceed $25,000, as 
                determined by the Attorney General or the 
                Secretary;
            (4) may not be made except in the case of any 
        qualifying employee who voluntarily separates (whether 
        by retirement or resignation) before the end of--
                    (A) the 3-month period beginning on the 
                date on which such payment is offered or made 
                available to such employee; or
                    (B) the 3-year period beginning on the date 
                of the enactment of this Act,
        whichever occurs first;
            (5) shall not be a basis for payment, and shall not 
        be included in the computation, of any other type of 
        Government benefit; and
            (6) shall not be taken into account in determining 
        the amount of any severance pay to which the employee 
        may be entitled under section 5595 of title 5, United 
        States Code, based on any other separation.
    (d) Additional Agency Contributions to the Retirement 
Fund.--
            (1) In general.--In addition to any payments which 
        it is otherwise required to make, the Department of 
        Justice and the Department of Homeland Security shall, 
        for each fiscal year with respect to which it makes any 
        voluntary separation incentive payments under this 
        section, remit to the Office of Personnel Management 
        for deposit in the Treasury of the United States to the 
        credit of the Civil Service Retirement and Disability 
        Fund the amount required under paragraph (2).
            (2) Amount required.--The amount required under 
        this paragraph shall, for any fiscal year, be the 
        amount under subparagraph (A) or (B), whichever is 
        greater.
                    (A) First method.--The amount under this 
                subparagraph shall, for any fiscal year, be 
                equal to the minimum amount necessary to offset 
                the additional costs to the retirement systems 
                under title 5, United States Code (payable out 
                of the Civil Service Retirement and Disability 
                Fund) resulting from the voluntary separation 
                of the employees described in paragraph (3), as 
                determined under regulations of the Office of 
                Personnel Management.
                    (B) Second method.--The amount under this 
                subparagraph shall, for any fiscal year, be 
                equal to 45 percent of the sum total of the 
                final basic pay of the employees described in 
                paragraph (3).
            (3) Computations to be based on separations 
        occurring in the fiscal year involved.--The employees 
        described in this paragraph are those employees who 
        receive a voluntary separation incentive payment under 
        this section based on their separating from service 
        during the fiscal year with respect to which the 
        payment under this subsection relates.
            (4) Final basic pay defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term ``final basic pay'' means, with respect to an 
        employee, the total amount of basic pay which would be 
        payable for a year of service by such employee, 
        computed using the employee's final rate of basic pay, 
        and, if last serving on other than a full-time basis, 
        with appropriate adjustment therefor.
    (e) Effect of Subsequent Employment With the Government.--
An individual who receives a voluntary separation incentive 
payment under this section and who, within 5 years after the 
date of the separation on which the payment is based, accepts 
any compensated employment with the Government or works for any 
agency of the Government through a personal services contract, 
shall be required to pay, prior to the individual's first day 
of employment, the entire amount of the incentive payment. Such 
payment shall be made to the covered entity from which the 
individual separated or, if made on or after the transfer date, 
to the Deputy Secretary or the Under Secretary for Border and 
Transportation Security (for transfer to the appropriate 
component of the Department of Homeland Security, if 
necessary).
    (f) Effect on Employment Levels.--
            (1) Intended effect.--Voluntary separations under 
        this section are not intended to necessarily reduce the 
        total number of full-time equivalent positions in any 
        covered entity.
            (2) Use of voluntary separations.--A covered entity 
        may redeploy or use the full-time equivalent positions 
        vacated by voluntary separations under this section to 
        make other positions available to more critical 
        locations or more critical occupations.

SEC. 473. [6 U.S.C. 293] AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT A DEMONSTRATION PROJECT 
                    RELATING TO DISCIPLINARY ACTION.

    (a) In General.--The Attorney General and the Secretary may 
each, during a period ending not later than 5 years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, conduct a demonstration 
project for the purpose of determining whether one or more 
changes in the policies or procedures relating to methods for 
disciplining employees would result in improved personnel 
management.
    (b) Scope.--A demonstration project under this section--
            (1) may not cover any employees apart from those 
        employed in or under a covered entity; and
            (2) shall not be limited by any provision of 
        chapter 43, 75, or 77 of title 5, United States Code.
    (c) Procedures.--Under the demonstration project--
            (1) the use of alternative means of dispute 
        resolution (as defined in section 571 of title 5, 
        United States Code) shall be encouraged, whenever 
        appropriate; and
            (2) each covered entity under the jurisdiction of 
        the official conducting the project shall be required 
        to provide for the expeditious, fair, and independent 
        review of any action to which section 4303 or 
        subchapter II of chapter 75 of such title 5 would 
        otherwise apply (except an action described in section 
        7512(5) of such title 5).
    (d) Actions Involving Discrimination.--Notwithstanding any 
other provision of this section, if, in the case of any matter 
described in section 7702(a)(1)(B) of title 5, United States 
Code, there is no judicially reviewable action under the 
demonstration project within 120 days after the filing of an 
appeal or other formal request for review (referred to in 
subsection (c)(2)), an employee shall be entitled to file a 
civil action to the same extent and in the same manner as 
provided in section 7702(e)(1) of such title 5 (in the matter 
following subparagraph (C) thereof).
    (e) Certain Employees.--Employees shall not be included 
within any project under this section if such employees are--
            (1) neither managers nor supervisors; and
            (2) within a unit with respect to which a labor 
        organization is accorded exclusive recognition under 
        chapter 71 of title 5, United States Code.
Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, an aggrieved employee 
within a unit (referred to in paragraph (2)) may elect to 
participate in a complaint procedure developed under the 
demonstration project in lieu of any negotiated grievance 
procedure and any statutory procedure (as such term is used in 
section 7121 of such title 5).
    (f) Reports.--The General Accounting Office shall prepare 
and submit to the Committees on Government Reform and the 
Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committees on 
Governmental Affairs and the Judiciary of the Senate periodic 
reports on any demonstration project conducted under this 
section, such reports to be submitted after the second and 
fourth years of its operation. Upon request, the Attorney 
General or the Secretary shall furnish such information as the 
General Accounting Office may require to carry out this 
subsection.
    (g) Definition.--In this section, the term ``covered 
entity'' has the meaning given such term in section 472(a)(2).

SEC. 474. [6 U.S.C. 294] SENSE OF CONGRESS.

     It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the missions of the Bureau of Border Security 
        and the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services 
        are equally important and, accordingly, they each 
        should be adequately funded; and
            (2) the functions transferred under this subtitle 
        should not, after such transfers take effect, operate 
        at levels below those in effect prior to the enactment 
        of this Act.

SEC. 475. [6 U.S.C. 295] DIRECTOR OF SHARED SERVICES.

    (a) In General.--Within the Office of Deputy Secretary, 
there shall be a Director of Shared Services.
    (b) Functions.--The Director of Shared Services shall be 
responsible for the coordination of resources for the Bureau of 
Border Security and the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration 
Services, including--
            (1) information resources management, including 
        computer databases and information technology;
            (2) records and file management; and
            (3) forms management.

SEC. 476. [6 U.S.C. 296] SEPARATION OF FUNDING.

    (a) In General.--There shall be established separate 
accounts in the Treasury of the United States for appropriated 
funds and other deposits available for the Bureau of 
Citizenship and Immigration Services and the Bureau of Border 
Security.
    (b) Separate Budgets.--To ensure that the Bureau of 
Citizenship and Immigration Services and the Bureau of Border 
Security are funded to the extent necessary to fully carry out 
their respective functions, the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget shall separate the budget requests for 
each such entity.
    (c) Fees.--Fees imposed for a particular service, 
application, or benefit shall be deposited into the account 
established under subsection (a) that is for the bureau with 
jurisdiction over the function to which the fee relates.
    (d) Fees Not Transferable.--No fee may be transferred 
between the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services and 
the Bureau of Border Security for purposes not authorized by 
section 286 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1356).

SEC. 477. [6 U.S.C. 297] REPORTS AND IMPLEMENTATION PLANS.

    (a) Division of Funds.--The Secretary, not later than 120 
days after the effective date of this Act, shall submit to the 
Committees on Appropriations and the Judiciary of the House of 
Representatives and of the Senate a report on the proposed 
division and transfer of funds, including unexpended funds, 
appropriations, and fees, between the Bureau of Citizenship and 
Immigration Services and the Bureau of Border Security.
    (b) Division of Personnel.--The Secretary, not later than 
120 days after the effective date of this Act, shall submit to 
the Committees on Appropriations and the Judiciary of the House 
of Representatives and of the Senate a report on the proposed 
division of personnel between the Bureau of Citizenship and 
Immigration Services and the Bureau of Border Security.
    (c) Implementation Plan.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, not later than 120 
        days after the effective date of this Act, and every 6 
        months thereafter until the termination of fiscal year 
        2005, shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations 
        and the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and 
        of the Senate an implementation plan to carry out this 
        Act.
            (2) Contents.--The implementation plan should 
        include details concerning the separation of the Bureau 
        of Citizenship and Immigration Services and the Bureau 
        of Border Security, including the following:
                    (A) Organizational structure, including the 
                field structure.
                    (B) Chain of command.
                    (C) Procedures for interaction among such 
                bureaus.
                    (D) Fraud detection and investigation.
                    (E) The processing and handling of removal 
                proceedings, including expedited removal and 
                applications for relief from removal.
                    (F) Recommendations for conforming 
                amendments to the Immigration and Nationality 
                Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).
                    (G) Establishment of a transition team.
                    (H) Methods to phase in the costs of 
                separating the administrative support systems 
                of the Immigration and Naturalization Service 
                in order to provide for separate administrative 
                support systems for the Bureau of Citizenship 
                and Immigration Services and the Bureau of 
                Border Security.
    (d) Comptroller General Studies and Reports.--
            (1) Status reports on transition.--Not later than 
        18 months after the date on which the transfer of 
        functions specified under section 441 takes effect, and 
        every 6 months thereafter, until full implementation of 
        this subtitle has been completed, the Comptroller 
        General of the United States shall submit to the 
        Committees on Appropriations and on the Judiciary of 
        the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
        containing the following:
                    (A) A determination of whether the 
                transfers of functions made by subtitles D and 
                E have been completed, and if a transfer of 
                functions has not taken place, identifying the 
                reasons why the transfer has not taken place.
                    (B) If the transfers of functions made by 
                subtitles D and E have been completed, an 
                identification of any issues that have arisen 
                due to the completed transfers.
                    (C) An identification of any issues that 
                may arise due to any future transfer of 
                functions.
            (2) Report on management.--Not later than 4 years 
        after the date on which the transfer of functions 
        specified under section 441 takes effect, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
        to the Committees on Appropriations and on the 
        Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the 
        Senate a report, following a study, containing the 
        following:
                    (A) Determinations of whether the transfer 
                of functions from the Immigration and 
                Naturalization Service to the Bureau of 
                Citizenship and Immigration Services and the 
                Bureau of Border Security have improved, with 
                respect to each function transferred, the 
                following:
                            (i) Operations.
                            (ii) Management, including 
                        accountability and communication.
                            (iii) Financial administration.
                            (iv) Recordkeeping, including 
                        information management and technology.
                    (B) A statement of the reasons for the 
                determinations under subparagraph (A).
                    (C) Any recommendations for further 
                improvements to the Bureau of Citizenship and 
                Immigration Services and the Bureau of Border 
                Security.
            (3) Report on fees.--Not later than 1 year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller 
        General of the United States shall submit to the 
        Committees on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives and of the Senate a report examining 
        whether the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration 
        Services is likely to derive sufficient funds from fees 
        to carry out its functions in the absence of 
        appropriated funds.

SEC. 478. [6 U.S.C. 298] IMMIGRATION FUNCTIONS.

    (a) Annual Report.--
            (1) In general.--One year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, and each year thereafter, the 
        Secretary shall submit a report to the President, to 
        the Committees on the Judiciary and Government Reform 
        of the House of Representatives, and to the Committees 
        on the Judiciary and Government Affairs of the Senate, 
        on the impact the transfers made by this subtitle has 
        had on immigration functions.
            (2) Matter included.--The report shall address the 
        following with respect to the period covered by the 
        report:
                    (A) The aggregate number of all immigration 
                applications and petitions received, and 
                processed, by the Department.
                    (B) Region-by-region statistics on the 
                aggregate number of immigration applications 
                and petitions filed by an alien (or filed on 
                behalf of an alien) and denied, disaggregated 
                by category of denial and application or 
                petition type.
                    (C) The quantity of backlogged immigration 
                applications and petitions that have been 
                processed, the aggregate number awaiting 
                processing, and a detailed plan for eliminating 
                the backlog.
                    (D) The average processing period for 
                immigration applications and petitions, 
                disaggregated by application or petition type.
                    (E) The number and types of immigration-
                related grievances filed with any official of 
                the Department of Justice, and if those 
                grievances were resolved.
                    (F) Plans to address grievances and improve 
                immigration services.
                    (G) Whether immigration-related fees were 
                used consistent with legal requirements 
                regarding such use.
                    (H) Whether immigration-related questions 
                conveyed by customers to the Department 
                (whether conveyed in person, by telephone, or 
                by means of the Internet) were answered 
                effectively and efficiently.
    (b) Sense of Congress Regarding Immigration Services.--It 
is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the quality and efficiency of immigration 
        services rendered by the Federal Government should be 
        improved after the transfers made by this subtitle take 
        effect; and
            (2) the Secretary should undertake efforts to 
        guarantee that concerns regarding the quality and 
        efficiency of immigration services are addressed after 
        such effective date.

     Subtitle G--U.S. Customs and Border Protection Public Private 
                              Partnerships

SEC. 481. [6 U.S.C. 301] FEE AGREEMENTS FOR CERTAIN SERVICES AT PORTS 
                    OF ENTRY.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 13031(e) of the 
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (19 
U.S.C. 58c(e)) and section 451 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 
U.S.C. 1451), the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection, upon the request of any entity, may enter into a 
fee agreement with such entity under which--
            (1) U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall 
        provide services described in subsection (b) at a 
        United States port of entry or any other facility at 
        which U.S. Customs and Border Protection provides or 
        will provide such services;
            (2) such entity shall remit to U.S. Customs and 
        Border Protection a fee imposed under subsection (h) in 
        an amount equal to the full costs that are incurred or 
        will be incurred in providing such services; and
            (3) if space is provided by such entity, each 
        facility at which U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
        services are performed shall be maintained and equipped 
        by such entity, without cost to the Federal Government, 
        in accordance with U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
        specifications.
    (b) Services Described.--The services described in this 
subsection are any activities of any employee or Office of 
Field Operations contractor of U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection (except employees of the U.S. Border Patrol, as 
established under section 411(e)) pertaining to, or in support 
of, customs, agricultural processing, border security, or 
immigration inspection-related matters at a port of entry or 
any other facility at which U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
provides or will provide services.
    (c) Modification of Prior Agreements.--The Commissioner of 
U.S. Customs and Border Protection, at the request of an entity 
who has previously entered into an agreement with U.S. Customs 
and Border Protection for the reimbursement of fees in effect 
on the date of enactment of this section, may modify such 
agreement to implement any provisions of this section.
    (d) Limitations.--
            (1) Impacts of services.--The Commissioner of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection--
                    (A) may enter into fee agreements under 
                this section only for services that--
                            (i) will increase or enhance the 
                        operational capacity of U.S. Customs 
                        and Border Protection based on 
                        available staffing and workload; and
                            (ii) will not shift the cost of 
                        services funded in any appropriations 
                        Act, or provided from any account in 
                        the Treasury of the United States 
                        derived by the collection of fees, to 
                        entities under this Act; and
                    (B) may not enter into a fee agreement 
                under this section if such agreement would 
                unduly and permanently impact services funded 
                in any appropriations Act, or provided from any 
                account in the Treasury of the United States, 
                derived by the collection of fees.
            (2) Number.--There shall be no limit to the number 
        of fee agreements that the Commissioner of U.S. Customs 
        and Border Protection may enter into under this 
        section.
    (e) Air Ports of Entry.--
            (1) Fee agreement.--Except as otherwise provided in 
        this subsection, a fee agreement for U.S. Customs and 
        Border Protection services at an air port of entry may 
        only provide for the payment of overtime costs of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection officers and salaries and 
        expenses of U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
        employees to support U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
        officers in performing services described in subsection 
        (b).
            (2) Small airports.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), 
        U.S. Customs and Border Protection may receive 
        reimbursement in addition to overtime costs if the fee 
        agreement is for services at an air port of entry that 
        has fewer than 100,000 arriving international 
        passengers annually.
            (3) Covered services.--In addition to costs 
        described in paragraph (1), a fee agreement for U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection services at an air port 
        of entry referred to in paragraph (2) may provide for 
        the reimbursement of--
                    (A) salaries and expenses of not more than 
                five full-time equivalent U.S. Customs and 
                Border Protection Officers beyond the number of 
                such officers assigned to the port of entry on 
                the date on which the fee agreement was signed;
                    (B) salaries and expenses of employees of 
                U.S. Customs and Border Protection, other than 
                the officers referred to in subparagraph (A), 
                to support U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
                officers in performing law enforcement 
                functions; and
                    (C) other costs incurred by U.S. Customs 
                and Border Protection relating to services 
                described in subparagraph (B), such as 
                temporary placement or permanent relocation of 
                employees, including incentive pay for 
                relocation, as appropriate.
    (f) Port of Entry Size.--The Commissioner of U.S. Customs 
and Border Protection shall ensure that each fee agreement 
proposal is given equal consideration regardless of the size of 
the port of entry.
    (g) Denied Application.--
            (1) In general.--If the Commissioner of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection denies a proposal for a 
        fee agreement under this section, the Commissioner 
        shall provide the entity submitting such proposal with 
        the reason for the denial unless--
                    (A) the reason for the denial is law 
                enforcement sensitive; or
                    (B) withholding the reason for the denial 
                is in the national security interests of the 
                United States.
            (2) Judicial review.--Decisions of the Commissioner 
        of U.S. Customs and Border Protection under paragraph 
        (1) are in the discretion of the Commissioner and are 
        not subject to judicial review.
    (h) Fee.--
            (1) In general.--The amount of the fee to be 
        charged under an agreement authorized under subsection 
        (a) shall be paid by each entity requesting U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection services, and shall be 
        for the full cost of providing such services, including 
        the salaries and expenses of employees and contractors 
        of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, to provide such 
        services and other costs incurred by U.S. Customs and 
        Border Protection relating to such services, such as 
        temporary placement or permanent relocation of such 
        employees and contractors.
            (2) Timing.--The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and 
        Border Protection may require that the fee referred to 
        in paragraph (1) be paid by each entity that has 
        entered into a fee agreement under subsection (a) with 
        U.S. Customs and Border Protection in advance of the 
        performance of U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
        services.
            (3) Oversight of fees.--The Commissioner of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection shall develop a process 
        to oversee the services for which fees are charged 
        pursuant to an agreement under subsection (a), 
        including--
                    (A) a determination and report on the full 
                costs of providing such services, and a process 
                for increasing such fees, as necessary;
                    (B) the establishment of a periodic 
                remittance schedule to replenish 
                appropriations, accounts, or funds, as 
                necessary; and
                    (C) the identification of costs paid by 
                such fees.
    (i) Deposit of Funds.--
            (1) Account.--Funds collected pursuant to any 
        agreement entered into pursuant to subsection (a)--
                    (A) shall be deposited as offsetting 
                collections;
                    (B) shall remain available until expended 
                without fiscal year limitation; and
                    (C) shall be credited to the applicable 
                appropriation, account, or fund for the amount 
                paid out of such appropriation, account, or 
                fund for any expenses incurred or to be 
                incurred by U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
                in providing U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
                services under any such agreement and any other 
                costs incurred or to be incurred by U.S. 
                Customs and Border Protection relating to such 
                services.
            (2) Return of unused funds.--The Commissioner of 
        U.S. Customs and Border Protection shall return any 
        unused funds collected and deposited into the account 
        described in paragraph (1) if a fee agreement entered 
        into pursuant to subsection (a) is terminated for any 
        reason or the terms of such fee agreement change by 
        mutual agreement to cause a reduction of U.S. Customs 
        and Border Protections services. No interest shall be 
        owed upon the return of any such unused funds.
    (j) Termination.--
            (1) In general.--The Commissioner of U.S. Customs 
        and Border Protection shall terminate the services 
        provided pursuant to a fee agreement entered into under 
        subsection (a) with an entity that, after receiving 
        notice from the Commissioner that a fee under 
        subsection (h) is due, fails to pay such fee in a 
        timely manner. If such services are terminated, all 
        costs incurred by U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
        that have not been paid shall become immediately due 
        and payable. Interest on unpaid fees shall accrue based 
        on the rate and amount established under sections 6621 
        and 6622 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
            (2) Penalty.--Any entity that, after notice and 
        demand for payment of any fee under subsection (h), 
        fails to pay such fee in a timely manner shall be 
        liable for a penalty or liquidated damage equal to two 
        times the amount of such fee. Any such amount collected 
        under this paragraph shall be deposited into the 
        appropriate account specified under subsection (i) and 
        shall be available as described in such subsection.
            (3) Termination by the entity.--Any entity who has 
        previously entered into an agreement with U.S. Customs 
        and Border Protection for the reimbursement of fees in 
        effect on the date of enactment of this section, or 
        under the provisions of this section, may request that 
        such agreement be amended to provide for termination 
        upon advance notice, length, and terms that are 
        negotiated between such entity and U.S. Customs and 
        Border Protection.
    (k) Annual Report.--The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and 
Border Protection shall--
            (1) submit an annual report identifying the 
        activities undertaken and the agreements entered into 
        pursuant to this section to--
                    (A) the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                Senate;
                    (B) the Committee on Finance of the Senate;
                    (C) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
                    (D) the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
                Senate;
                    (E) the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                House of Representatives;
                    (F) the Committee on Homeland Security of 
                the House of Representatives;
                    (G) the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
                House of Representatives; and
                    (H) the Committee on Ways and Means of the 
                House of Representatives; and
            (2) not later than 15 days before entering into a 
        fee agreement, notify the members of Congress that 
        represent the State or Congressional District in which 
        the affected port of entry or facility is located of 
        such agreement.
    (l) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed as imposing on U.S. Customs and Border Protection any 
responsibilities, duties, or authorities relating to real 
property.

SEC. 482. [6 U.S.C. 301A] PORT OF ENTRY DONATION AUTHORITY.

    (a) Personal Property Donation Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Commissioner of U.S. Customs 
        and Border Protection, in consultation with the 
        Administrator of General Services, may enter into an 
        agreement with any entity to accept a donation of 
        personal property, money, or nonpersonal services for 
        the uses described in paragraph (3) only with respect 
        to the following locations at which U.S. Customs and 
        Border Protection performs or will be performing 
        inspection services:
                    (A) A new or existing sea or air port of 
                entry.
                    (B) An existing Federal Government-owned 
                land port of entry.
                    (C) A new Federal Government-owned land 
                port of entry if--
                            (i) the fair market value of the 
                        donation is $50,000,000 or less; and
                            (ii) the fair market value, 
                        including any personal and real 
                        property donations in total, of such 
                        port of entry when completed, is 
                        $50,000,000 or less.
            (2) Limitation on monetary donations.--Any monetary 
        donation accepted pursuant to this subsection may not 
        be used to pay the salaries of U.S. Customs and Border 
        Protection employees performing inspection services.
            (3) Uses.--Donations accepted pursuant to this 
        subsection may be used for activities of the Office of 
        Field Operations set forth in subparagraphs (A) through 
        (F) of section 411(g)(3), which are related to a new or 
        existing sea or air port of entry or a new or existing 
        Federal Government-owned land port of entry described 
        in paragraph (1), including expenses related to--
                    (A) furniture, fixtures, equipment, or 
                technology, including the installation or 
                deployment of such items; and
                    (B) the operation and maintenance of such 
                furniture, fixtures, equipment, or technology.
    (b) Real Property Donation Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), the 
        Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, and 
        the Administrator of the General Services 
        Administration, as applicable, may enter into an 
        agreement with any entity to accept a donation of real 
        property or money for uses described in paragraph (2) 
        only with respect to the following locations at which 
        U.S. Customs and Border Protection performs or will be 
        performing inspection services:
                    (A) A new or existing sea or air port of 
                entry.
                    (B) An existing Federal Government-owned 
                land port of entry.
                    (C) A new Federal Government-owned land 
                port of entry if--
                            (i) the fair market value of the 
                        donation is $50,000,000 or less; and
                            (ii) the fair market value, 
                        including any personal and real 
                        property donations in total, of such 
                        port of entry when completed, is 
                        $50,000,000 or less.
            (2) Use.--Donations accepted pursuant to this 
        subsection may be used for activities of the Office of 
        Field Operations set forth in section 411(g), which are 
        related to the construction, alteration, operation, or 
        maintenance of a new or existing sea or air port of 
        entry or a new or existing a Federal Government-owned 
        land port of entry described in paragraph (1), 
        including expenses related to--
                    (A) land acquisition, design, construction, 
                repair, or alteration; and
                    (B) operation and maintenance of such port 
                of entry facility.
            (3) Limitation on real property donations.--A 
        donation of real property under this subsection at an 
        existing land port of entry owned by the General 
        Services Administration may only be accepted by the 
        Administrator of General Services.
            (4) Sunset.--
                    (A) In general.--The authority to enter 
                into an agreement under this subsection shall 
                terminate on the date that is 4 years after the 
                date of the enactment of this section.
                    (B) Rule of construction.--The termination 
                date referred to in subparagraph (A) shall not 
                apply to carrying out the terms of an agreement 
                under this subsection if such agreement is 
                entered into before such termination date.
    (c) General Provisions.--
            (1) Duration.--An agreement entered into under 
        subsection (a) or (b) (and, in the case of such 
        subsection (b), in accordance with paragraph (4) of 
        such subsection) may last as long as required to meet 
        the terms of such agreement.
            (2) Criteria.--In carrying out an agreement entered 
        into under subsection (a) or (b), the Commissioner of 
        U.S. Customs and Border Protection, in consultation 
        with the Administrator of General Services, shall 
        establish criteria regarding--
                    (A) the selection and evaluation of donors;
                    (B) the identification of roles and 
                responsibilities between U.S. Customs and 
                Border Protection, the General Services 
                Administration, and donors;
                    (C) the identification, allocation, and 
                management of explicit and implicit risks of 
                partnering between the Federal Government and 
                donors;
                    (D) decision-making and dispute resolution 
                processes; and
                    (E) processes for U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection, and the General Services 
                Administration, as applicable, to terminate 
                agreements if selected donors are not meeting 
                the terms of any such agreement, including the 
                security standards established by U.S. Customs 
                and Border Protection.
            (3) Evaluation procedures.--
                    (A) In general.--The Commissioner of U.S. 
                Customs and Border Protection, in consultation 
                with the Administrator of General Services, as 
                applicable, shall--
                            (i) establish criteria for 
                        evaluating a proposal to enter into an 
                        agreement under subsection (a) or (b); 
                        and
                            (ii) make such criteria publicly 
                        available.
                    (B) Considerations.--Criteria established 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall consider--
                            (i) the impact of a proposal 
                        referred to in such subparagraph on the 
                        land, sea, or air port of entry at 
                        issue and other ports of entry or 
                        similar facilities or other 
                        infrastructure near the location of the 
                        proposed donation;
                            (ii) such proposal's potential to 
                        increase trade and travel efficiency 
                        through added capacity;
                            (iii) such proposal's potential to 
                        enhance the security of the port of 
                        entry at issue;
                            (iv) the impact of the proposal on 
                        reducing wait times at that port of 
                        entry or facility and other ports of 
                        entry on the same border;
                            (v) for a donation under subsection 
                        (b)--
                                    (I) whether such donation 
                                satisfies the requirements of 
                                such proposal, or whether 
                                additional real property would 
                                be required; and
                                    (II) how such donation was 
                                acquired, including if eminent 
                                domain was used;
                            (vi) the funding available to 
                        complete the intended use of such 
                        donation;
                            (vii) the costs of maintaining and 
                        operating such donation;
                            (viii) the impact of such proposal 
                        on U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
                        staffing requirements; and
                            (ix) other factors that the 
                        Commissioner or Administrator 
                        determines to be relevant.
                    (C) Determination and notification.--
                            (i) Incomplete proposals.--
                                    (I) In general.--Not later 
                                than 60 days after receiving 
                                the proposals for a donation 
                                agreement from an entity, the 
                                Commissioner of U.S. Customs 
                                and Border Protection shall 
                                notify such entity as to 
                                whether such proposal is 
                                complete or incomplete.
                                    (II) Resubmission.--If the 
                                Commissioner of U.S. Customs 
                                and Border Protection 
                                determines that a proposal is 
                                incomplete, the Commissioner 
                                shall--
                                            (aa) notify the 
                                        appropriate entity and 
                                        provide such entity 
                                        with a description of 
                                        all information or 
                                        material that is needed 
                                        to complete review of 
                                        the proposal; and
                                            (bb) allow the 
                                        entity to resubmit the 
                                        proposal with 
                                        additional information 
                                        and material described 
                                        in item (aa) to 
                                        complete the proposal.
                            (ii) Complete proposals.--Not later 
                        than 180 days after receiving a 
                        completed proposal to enter into an 
                        agreement under subsection (a) or (b), 
                        the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and 
                        Border Protection, with the concurrence 
                        of the Administrator of General 
                        Services, as applicable, shall--
                                    (I) determine whether to 
                                approve or deny such proposal; 
                                and
                                    (II) notify the entity that 
                                submitted such proposal of such 
                                determination.
            (4) Supplemental funding.--Except as required under 
        section 3307 of title 40, United States Code, real 
        property donations to the Administrator of General 
        Services made pursuant to subsection (a) and (b) at a 
        GSA-owned land port of entry may be used in addition to 
        any other funding for such purpose, including 
        appropriated funds, property, or services.
            (5) Return of donations.--The Commissioner of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection, or the Administrator of 
        General Services, as applicable, may return any 
        donation made pursuant to subsection (a) or (b). No 
        interest shall be owed to the donor with respect to any 
        donation provided under such subsections that is 
        returned pursuant to this subsection.
            (6) Prohibition on certain funding.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subsections (a) and (b) regarding the 
                acceptance of donations, the Commissioner of 
                U.S. Customs and Border Protection and the 
                Administrator of General Services, as 
                applicable, may not, with respect to an 
                agreement entered into under either of such 
                subsections, obligate or expend amounts in 
                excess of amounts that have been appropriated 
                pursuant to any appropriations Act for purposes 
                specified in either of such subsections or 
                otherwise made available for any of such 
                purposes.
                    (B) Certification requirement.--Before 
                accepting any donations pursuant to an 
                agreement under subsection (a) or (b), the 
                Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border 
                Protection shall certify to the congressional 
                committees set forth in paragraph (7) that the 
                donation will not be used for the construction 
                of a detention facility or a border fence or 
                wall.
            (7) Annual reports.--The Commissioner of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection, in collaboration with 
        the Administrator of General Services, as applicable, 
        shall submit an annual report identifying the 
        activities undertaken and agreements entered into 
        pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) to--
                    (A) the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                Senate;
                    (B) the Committee on Environment and Public 
                Works of the Senate;
                    (C) the Committee on Finance of the Senate;
                    (D) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
                    (E) the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
                Senate;
                    (F) the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                House of Representatives;
                    (G) the Committee on Homeland Security of 
                the House of Representatives;
                    (H) the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
                House of Representatives;
                    (I) the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives; 
                and
                    (J) the Committee on Ways and Means of the 
                House of Representatives.
    (d) GAO Report.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit an annual report to the congressional 
committees referred to in subsection (c)(7) that evaluates--
            (1) fee agreements entered into pursuant to section 
        481;
            (2) donation agreements entered into pursuant to 
        subsections (a) and (b); and
            (3) the fees and donations received by U.S. Customs 
        and Border Protection pursuant to such agreements.
    (e) Judicial Review.--Decisions of the Commissioner of U.S. 
Customs and Border Protection and the Administrator of the 
General Services Administration under this section regarding 
the acceptance of real or personal property are in the 
discretion of the Commissioner and the Administrator and are 
not subject to judicial review.
    (f) Rule of Construction.--Except as otherwise provided in 
this section, nothing in this section may be construed as 
affecting in any manner the responsibilities, duties, or 
authorities of U.S. Customs and Border Protection or the 
General Services Administration.

SEC. 483. [6 U.S.C. 301B] CURRENT AND PROPOSED AGREEMENTS.

    Nothing in this subtitle or in section 4 of the Cross-
Border Trade Enhancement Act of 2016 may be construed as 
affecting--
            (1) any agreement entered into pursuant to section 
        560 of division D of the Consolidated and Further 
        Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013 (Public Law 113-6) 
        or section 559 of title V of division F of the 
        Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014 (6 U.S.C. 211 
        note; Public Law 113-76), as in existence on the day 
        before the date of the enactment of this subtitle, and 
        any such agreement shall continue to have full force 
        and effect on and after such date; or
            (2) a proposal accepted for consideration by U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection pursuant to such section 
        559, as in existence on the day before such date of 
        enactment.

SEC. 484. [6 U.S.C. 301C] DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) Donor.--The term ``donor'' means any entity 
        that is proposing to make a donation under this Act.
            (2) Entity.--The term ``entity'' means any--
                    (A) person;
                    (B) partnership, corporation, trust, 
                estate, cooperative, association, or any other 
                organized group of persons;
                    (C) Federal, State or local government 
                (including any subdivision, agency or 
                instrumentality thereof); or
                    (D) any other private or governmental 
                entity.

                 TITLE V--NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

SEC. 501. [6 U.S.C. 311] DEFINITIONS.

     In this title--
            (1) the term ``Administrator'' means the 
        Administrator of the Agency;
            (2) the term ``Agency'' means the Federal Emergency 
        Management Agency;
            (3) the term ``catastrophic incident'' means any 
        natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made 
        disaster that results in extraordinary levels of 
        casualties or damage or disruption severely affecting 
        the population (including mass evacuations), 
        infrastructure, environment, economy, national morale, 
        or government functions in an area;
            (4) the terms ``credentialed'' and 
        ``credentialing'' mean having provided, or providing, 
        respectively, documentation that identifies personnel 
        and authenticates and verifies the qualifications of 
        such personnel by ensuring that such personnel possess 
        a minimum common level of training, experience, 
        physical and medical fitness, and capability 
        appropriate for a particular position in accordance 
        with standards created under section 510;
            (5) the term ``Federal coordinating officer'' means 
        a Federal coordinating officer as described in section 
        302 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and 
        Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5143);
            (6) the term ``interoperable'' has the meaning 
        given the term ``interoperable communications'' under 
        section 7303(g)(1) of the Intelligence Reform and 
        Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 194(g)(1));
            (7) the term ``National Incident Management 
        System'' means a system to enable effective, efficient, 
        and collaborative incident management;
            (8) the term ``National Response Plan'' means the 
        National Response Plan or any successor plan prepared 
        under section 502(a)(6);
            (9) the term ``Regional Administrator'' means a 
        Regional Administrator appointed under section 507;
            (10) the term ``Regional Office'' means a Regional 
        Office established under section 507;
            (11) the term ``resources'' means personnel and 
        major items of equipment, supplies, and facilities 
        available or potentially available for responding to a 
        natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made 
        disaster;
            (12) the term ``surge capacity'' means the ability 
        to rapidly and substantially increase the provision of 
        search and rescue capabilities, food, water, medicine, 
        shelter and housing, medical care, evacuation capacity, 
        staffing (including disaster assistance employees), and 
        other resources necessary to save lives and protect 
        property during a catastrophic incident;
            (13) the term ``tribal government'' means the 
        government of any entity described in section 2(13)(B); 
        and
            (14) the terms ``typed'' and ``typing'' mean having 
        evaluated, or evaluating, respectively, a resource in 
        accordance with standards created under section 510.

SEC. 502. [6 U.S.C. 312] DEFINITION.

     In this title, the term ``Nuclear Incident Response Team'' 
means a resource that includes--
            (1) those entities of the Department of Energy that 
        perform nuclear or radiological emergency support 
        functions (including accident response, search 
        response, advisory, and technical operations 
        functions), radiation exposure functions at the medical 
        assistance facility known as the Radiation Emergency 
        Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS), radiological 
        assistance functions, and related functions; and
            (2) those entities of the Environmental Protection 
        Agency that perform such support functions (including 
        radiological emergency response functions) and related 
        functions.

SEC. 503. [6 U.S.C. 313] FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY.

    (a) In General.--There is in the Department the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency, headed by an Administrator.
    (b) Mission.--
            (1) Primary mission.--The primary mission of the 
        Agency is to reduce the loss of life and property and 
        protect the Nation from all hazards, including natural 
        disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made 
        disasters, by leading and supporting the Nation in a 
        risk-based, comprehensive emergency management system 
        of preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and 
        mitigation.
            (2) Specific activities.--In support of the primary 
        mission of the Agency, the Administrator shall--
                    (A) lead the Nation's efforts to prepare 
                for, protect against, respond to, recover from, 
                and mitigate against the risk of natural 
                disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-
                made disasters, including catastrophic 
                incidents;
                    (B) partner with State, local, and tribal 
                governments and emergency response providers, 
                with other Federal agencies, with the private 
                sector, and with nongovernmental organizations 
                to build a national system of emergency 
                management that can effectively and efficiently 
                utilize the full measure of the Nation's 
                resources to respond to natural disasters, acts 
                of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, 
                including catastrophic incidents;
                    (C) develop a Federal response capability 
                that, when necessary and appropriate, can act 
                effectively and rapidly to deliver assistance 
                essential to saving lives or protecting or 
                preserving property or public health and safety 
                in a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or 
                other man-made disaster;
                    (D) integrate the Agency's emergency 
                preparedness, protection, response, recovery, 
                and mitigation responsibilities to confront 
                effectively the challenges of a natural 
                disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made 
                disaster;
                    (E) develop and maintain robust Regional 
                Offices that will work with State, local, and 
                tribal governments, emergency response 
                providers, and other appropriate entities to 
                identify and address regional priorities;
                    (F) under the leadership of the Secretary, 
                coordinate with the Commandant of the Coast 
                Guard, the Director of Customs and Border 
                Protection, the Director of Immigration and 
                Customs Enforcement, the National Operations 
                Center, and other agencies and offices in the 
                Department to take full advantage of the 
                substantial range of resources in the 
                Department;
                    (G) provide funding, training, exercises, 
                technical assistance, planning, and other 
                assistance to build tribal, local, State, 
                regional, and national capabilities (including 
                communications capabilities), necessary to 
                respond to a natural disaster, act of 
                terrorism, or other man-made disaster; and
                    (H) develop and coordinate the 
                implementation of a risk-based, all-hazards 
                strategy for preparedness that builds those 
                common capabilities necessary to respond to 
                natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other 
                man-made disasters while also building the 
                unique capabilities necessary to respond to 
                specific types of incidents that pose the 
                greatest risk to our Nation.
    (c) Administrator.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator shall be 
        appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
        consent of the Senate.
            (2) Qualifications.--The Administrator shall be 
        appointed from among individuals who have--
                    (A) a demonstrated ability in and knowledge 
                of emergency management and homeland security; 
                and
                    (B) not less than 5 years of executive 
                leadership and management experience in the 
                public or private sector.
            (3) Reporting.--The Administrator shall report to 
        the Secretary, without being required to report through 
        any other official of the Department.
            (4) Principal advisor on emergency management.--
                    (A) In general.--The Administrator is the 
                principal advisor to the President, the 
                Homeland Security Council, and the Secretary 
                for all matters relating to emergency 
                management in the United States.
                    (B) Advice and recommendations.--
                            (i) In general.--In presenting 
                        advice with respect to any matter to 
                        the President, the Homeland Security 
                        Council, or the Secretary, the 
                        Administrator shall, as the 
                        Administrator considers appropriate, 
                        inform the President, the Homeland 
                        Security Council, or the Secretary, as 
                        the case may be, of the range of 
                        emergency preparedness, protection, 
                        response, recovery, and mitigation 
                        options with respect to that matter.
                            (ii) Advice on request.--The 
                        Administrator, as the principal advisor 
                        on emergency management, shall provide 
                        advice to the President, the Homeland 
                        Security Council, or the Secretary on a 
                        particular matter when the President, 
                        the Homeland Security Council, or the 
                        Secretary requests such advice.
                            (iii) Recommendations to 
                        congress.--After informing the 
                        Secretary, the Administrator may make 
                        such recommendations to Congress 
                        relating to emergency management as the 
                        Administrator considers appropriate.
            (5) Cabinet status.--
                    (A) In general.--The President may 
                designate the Administrator to serve as a 
                member of the Cabinet in the event of natural 
                disasters, acts of terrorism, or other man-made 
                disasters.
                    (B) Retention of authority.--Nothing in 
                this paragraph shall be construed as affecting 
                the authority of the Secretary under this Act.

SEC. 504. [6 U.S.C. 314] AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITIES.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator shall provide Federal 
leadership necessary to prepare for, protect against, respond 
to, recover from, or mitigate against a natural disaster, act 
of terrorism, or other man-made disaster, including--
            (1) helping to ensure the effectiveness of 
        emergency response providers to terrorist attacks, 
        major disasters, and other emergencies;
            (2) with respect to the Nuclear Incident Response 
        Team (regardless of whether it is operating as an 
        organizational unit of the Department pursuant to this 
        title)--
                    (A) establishing standards and certifying 
                when those standards have been met;
                    (B) conducting joint and other exercises 
                and training and evaluating performance; and
                    (C) providing funds to the Department of 
                Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency, 
                as appropriate, for homeland security planning, 
                exercises and training, and equipment;
            (3) providing the Federal Government's response to 
        terrorist attacks and major disasters, including--
                    (A) managing such response;
                    (B) directing the Domestic Emergency 
                Support Team, the National Disaster Medical 
                System, \4\ and (when operating as an 
                organizational unit of the Department pursuant 
                to this title) the Nuclear Incident Response 
                Team;
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\ The phrase ``, the National Disaster Medical System,'' in 
subsection (a)(3)(B) probably should not appear. Section 301(c)(1) of 
Public Law 109-417 (120 Stat. 2854) provides for an amendment to the 
Homeland Security Act of 2002 as follows:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

          (1) in section 502(3)(B), by striking ``, the National 
        Disaster Medical System,''; and

     The amendment was not executed because section 502 of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 was redesignated as section 504 by section 611(8) 
of Public Law 109-295 (120 Stat 1395).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    (C) overseeing the Metropolitan Medical 
                Response System; and
                    (D) coordinating other Federal response 
                resources, including requiring deployment of 
                the Strategic National Stockpile, in the event 
                of a terrorist attack or major disaster;
            (4) aiding the recovery from terrorist attacks and 
        major disasters;
            (5) building a comprehensive national incident 
        management system with Federal, State, and local 
        government personnel, agencies, and authorities, to 
        respond to such attacks and disasters;
            (6) consolidating existing Federal Government 
        emergency response plans into a single, coordinated 
        national response plan;
            (7) helping ensure the acquisition of operable and 
        interoperable communications capabilities by Federal, 
        State, local, and tribal governments and emergency 
        response providers;
            (8) assisting the President in carrying out the 
        functions under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief 
        and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.) 
        and carrying out all functions and authorities given to 
        the Administrator under that Act;
            (9) carrying out the mission of the Agency to 
        reduce the loss of life and property and protect the 
        Nation from all hazards by leading and supporting the 
        Nation in a risk-based, comprehensive emergency 
        management system of--
                    (A) mitigation, by taking sustained actions 
                to reduce or eliminate long-term risks to 
                people and property from hazards and their 
                effects;
                    (B) preparedness, by planning, training, 
                and building the emergency management 
                profession to prepare effectively for, mitigate 
                against, respond to, and recover from any 
                hazard;
                    (C) response, by conducting emergency 
                operations to save lives and property through 
                positioning emergency equipment, personnel, and 
                supplies, through evacuating potential victims, 
                through providing food, water, shelter, and 
                medical care to those in need, and through 
                restoring critical public services; and
                    (D) recovery, by rebuilding communities so 
                individuals, businesses, and governments can 
                function on their own, return to normal life, 
                and protect against future hazards;
            (10) increasing efficiencies, by coordinating 
        efforts relating to preparedness, protection, response, 
        recovery, and mitigation;
            (11) helping to ensure the effectiveness of 
        emergency response providers in responding to a natural 
        disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;
            (12) supervising grant programs administered by the 
        Agency;
            (13) administering and ensuring the implementation 
        of the National Response Plan, including coordinating 
        and ensuring the readiness of each emergency support 
        function under the National Response Plan;
            (14) coordinating with the National Advisory 
        Council established under section 508;
            (15) preparing and implementing the plans and 
        programs of the Federal Government for--
                    (A) continuity of operations;
                    (B) continuity of government; and
                    (C) continuity of plans;
            (16) minimizing, to the extent practicable, 
        overlapping planning and reporting requirements 
        applicable to State, local, and tribal governments and 
        the private sector;
            (17) maintaining and operating within the Agency 
        the National Response Coordination Center or its 
        successor;
            (18) developing a national emergency management 
        system that is capable of preparing for, protecting 
        against, responding to, recovering from, and mitigating 
        against catastrophic incidents;
            (19) assisting the President in carrying out the 
        functions under the national preparedness goal and the 
        national preparedness system and carrying out all 
        functions and authorities of the Administrator under 
        the national preparedness System;
            (20) carrying out all authorities of the Federal 
        Emergency Management Agency and the Directorate of 
        Preparedness of the Department as transferred under 
        section 505; and
            (21) otherwise carrying out the mission of the 
        Agency as described in section 503(b).
    (b) All-Hazards Approach.--In carrying out the 
responsibilities under this section, the Administrator shall 
coordinate the implementation of a risk-based, all-hazards 
strategy that builds those common capabilities necessary to 
prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, or 
mitigate against natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and 
other man-made disasters, while also building the unique 
capabilities necessary to prepare for, protect against, respond 
to, recover from, or mitigate against the risks of specific 
types of incidents that pose the greatest risk to the Nation.

SEC. 505. [6 U.S.C. 315] FUNCTIONS TRANSFERRED.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), 
there are transferred to the Agency the following:
            (1) All functions of the Federal Emergency 
        Management Agency, including existing responsibilities 
        for emergency alert systems and continuity of 
        operations and continuity of government plans and 
        programs as constituted on June 1, 2006, including all 
        of its personnel, assets, components, authorities, 
        grant programs, and liabilities, and including the 
        functions of the Under Secretary for Federal Emergency 
        Management relating thereto.
            (2) The Directorate of Preparedness, as constituted 
        on June 1, 2006, including all of its functions, 
        personnel, assets, components, authorities, grant 
        programs, and liabilities, and including the functions 
        of the Under Secretary for Preparedness relating 
        thereto.
    (b) Exceptions.--The following within the Preparedness 
Directorate shall not be transferred:
            (1) The Office of Infrastructure Protection.
            (2) The National Communications System.
            (3) The National Cybersecurity Division.
            (4) The functions, personnel, assets, components, 
        authorities, and liabilities of each component 
        described under paragraphs (1) through (3).

SEC. 506. [6 U.S.C. 316] PRESERVING THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT 
                    AGENCY.

    (a) Distinct Entity.--The Agency shall be maintained as a 
distinct entity within the Department.
    (b) Reorganization.--Section 872 shall not apply to the 
Agency, including any function or organizational unit of the 
Agency.
    (c) Prohibition on Changes to Missions.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may not 
        substantially or significantly reduce, including 
        through a Joint Task Force established under section 
        708, the authorities, responsibilities, or functions of 
        the Agency or the capability of the Agency to perform 
        those missions, authorities, responsibilities, except 
        as otherwise specifically provided in an Act enacted 
        after the date of enactment of the Post-Katrina 
        Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006.
            (2) Certain transfers prohibited.--No asset, 
        function, or mission of the Agency may be diverted to 
        the principal and continuing use of any other 
        organization, unit, or entity of the Department, 
        including a Joint Task Force established under section 
        708, except for details or assignments that do not 
        reduce the capability of the Agency to perform its 
        missions.
    (d) Reprogramming and Transfer of Funds.--In reprogramming 
or transferring funds, the Secretary shall comply with any 
applicable provisions of any Act making appropriations for the 
Department for fiscal year 2007, or any succeeding fiscal year, 
relating to the reprogramming or transfer of funds.

SEC. 507. [6 U.S.C. 317] REGIONAL OFFICES.

    (a) In General.--There are in the Agency 10 regional 
offices, as identified by the Administrator.
    (b) Management of Regional Offices.--
            (1) Regional administrator.--Each Regional Office 
        shall be headed by a Regional Administrator who shall 
        be appointed by the Administrator, after consulting 
        with State, local, and tribal government officials in 
        the region. Each Regional Administrator shall report 
        directly to the Administrator and be in the Senior 
        Executive Service.
            (2) Qualifications.--
                    (A) In general.--Each Regional 
                Administrator shall be appointed from among 
                individuals who have a demonstrated ability in 
                and knowledge of emergency management and 
                homeland security.
                    (B) Considerations.--In selecting a 
                Regional Administrator for a Regional Office, 
                the Administrator shall consider the 
                familiarity of an individual with the 
                geographical area and demographic 
                characteristics of the population served by 
                such Regional Office.
    (c) Responsibilities.--
            (1) In general.--The Regional Administrator shall 
        work in partnership with State, local, and tribal 
        governments, emergency managers, emergency response 
        providers, medical providers, the private sector, 
        nongovernmental organizations, multijurisdictional 
        councils of governments, and regional planning 
        commissions and organizations in the geographical area 
        served by the Regional Office to carry out the 
        responsibilities of a Regional Administrator under this 
        section.
            (2) Responsibilities.--The responsibilities of a 
        Regional Administrator include--
                    (A) ensuring effective, coordinated, and 
                integrated regional preparedness, protection, 
                response, recovery, and mitigation activities 
                and programs for natural disasters, acts of 
                terrorism, and other man-made disasters 
                (including planning, training, exercises, and 
                professional development);
                    (B) assisting in the development of 
                regional capabilities needed for a national 
                catastrophic response system;
                    (C) coordinating the establishment of 
                effective regional operable and interoperable 
                emergency communications capabilities;
                    (D) staffing and overseeing 1 or more 
                strike teams within the region under subsection 
                (f), to serve as the focal point of the Federal 
                Government's initial response efforts for 
                natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other 
                man-made disasters within that region, and 
                otherwise building Federal response 
                capabilities to respond to natural disasters, 
                acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters 
                within that region;
                    (E) designating an individual responsible 
                for the development of strategic and 
                operational regional plans in support of the 
                National Response Plan;
                    (F) fostering the development of mutual aid 
                and other cooperative agreements;
                    (G) identifying critical gaps in regional 
                capabilities to respond to populations with 
                special needs;
                    (H) maintaining and operating a Regional 
                Response Coordination Center or its successor;
                    (I) coordinating with the private sector to 
                help ensure private sector preparedness for 
                natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other 
                man-made disasters;
                    (J) assisting State, local, and tribal 
                governments, where appropriate, to preidentify 
                and evaluate suitable sites where a 
                multijurisdictional incident command system may 
                quickly be established and operated from, if 
                the need for such a system arises; and
                    (K) performing such other duties relating 
                to such responsibilities as the Administrator 
                may require.
            (3) Training and exercise requirements.--
                    (A) Training.--The Administrator shall 
                require each Regional Administrator to undergo 
                specific training periodically to complement 
                the qualifications of the Regional 
                Administrator. Such training, as appropriate, 
                shall include training with respect to the 
                National Incident Management System, the 
                National Response Plan, and such other subjects 
                as determined by the Administrator.
                    (B) Exercises.--The Administrator shall 
                require each Regional Administrator to 
                participate as appropriate in regional and 
                national exercises.
    (d) Area Offices.--
            (1) In general.--There is an Area Office for the 
        Pacific and an Area Office for the Caribbean, as 
        components in the appropriate Regional Offices.
            (2) Alaska.--The Administrator shall establish an 
        Area Office in Alaska, as a component in the 
        appropriate Regional Office.
    (e) Regional Advisory Council.--
            (1) Establishment.--Each Regional Administrator 
        shall establish a Regional Advisory Council.
            (2) Nominations.--A State, local, or tribal 
        government located within the geographic area served by 
        the Regional Office may nominate officials, including 
        Adjutants General and emergency managers, to serve as 
        members of the Regional Advisory Council for that 
        region.
            (3) Responsibilities.--Each Regional Advisory 
        Council shall--
                    (A) advise the Regional Administrator on 
                emergency management issues specific to that 
                region;
                    (B) identify any geographic, demographic, 
                or other characteristics peculiar to any State, 
                local, or tribal government within the region 
                that might make preparedness, protection, 
                response, recovery, or mitigation more 
                complicated or difficult; and
                    (C) advise the Regional Administrator of 
                any weaknesses or deficiencies in preparedness, 
                protection, response, recovery, and mitigation 
                for any State, local, and tribal government 
                within the region of which the Regional 
                Advisory Council is aware.
    (f) Regional Office Strike Teams.--
            (1) In general.--In coordination with other 
        relevant Federal agencies, each Regional Administrator 
        shall oversee multi-agency strike teams authorized 
        under section 303 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
        Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5144) 
        that shall consist of--
                    (A) a designated Federal coordinating 
                officer;
                    (B) personnel trained in incident 
                management;
                    (C) public affairs, response and recovery, 
                and communications support personnel;
                    (D) a defense coordinating officer;
                    (E) liaisons to other Federal agencies;
                    (F) such other personnel as the 
                Administrator or Regional Administrator 
                determines appropriate; and
                    (G) individuals from the agencies with 
                primary responsibility for each of the 
                emergency support functions in the National 
                Response Plan.
            (2) Other duties.--The duties of an individual 
        assigned to a Regional Office strike team from another 
        relevant agency when such individual is not functioning 
        as a member of the strike team shall be consistent with 
        the emergency preparedness activities of the agency 
        that employs such individual.
            (3) Location of members.--The members of each 
        Regional Office strike team, including representatives 
        from agencies other than the Department, shall be based 
        primarily within the region that corresponds to that 
        strike team.
            (4) Coordination.--Each Regional Office strike team 
        shall coordinate the training and exercises of that 
        strike team with the State, local, and tribal 
        governments and private sector and nongovernmental 
        entities which the strike team shall support when a 
        natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made 
        disaster occurs.
            (5) Preparedness.--Each Regional Office strike team 
        shall be trained as a unit on a regular basis and 
        equipped and staffed to be well prepared to respond to 
        natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-
        made disasters, including catastrophic incidents.
            (6) Authorities.--If the Administrator determines 
        that statutory authority is inadequate for the 
        preparedness and deployment of individuals in strike 
        teams under this subsection, the Administrator shall 
        report to Congress regarding the additional statutory 
        authorities that the Administrator determines are 
        necessary.

SEC. 508. [6 U.S.C. 318] NATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
of enactment of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform 
Act of 2006, the Secretary shall establish an advisory body 
under section 871(a) to ensure effective and ongoing 
coordination of Federal preparedness, protection, response, 
recovery, and mitigation for natural disasters, acts of 
terrorism, and other man-made disasters, to be known as the 
National Advisory Council.
    (b) Responsibilities.--
            (1) In general.--The National Advisory Council 
        shall advise the Administrator on all aspects of 
        emergency management. The National Advisory Council 
        shall incorporate State, local, and tribal government 
        and private sector input in the development and 
        revision of the national preparedness goal, the 
        national preparedness system, the National Incident 
        Management System, the National Response Plan, and 
        other related plans and strategies.
            (2) Consultation on grants.--To ensure input from 
        and coordination with State, local, and tribal 
        governments and emergency response providers, the 
        Administrator shall regularly consult and work with the 
        National Advisory Council on the administration and 
        assessment of grant programs administered by the 
        Department, including with respect to the development 
        of program guidance and the development and evaluation 
        of risk-assessment methodologies, as appropriate.
    (c) Membership.--
            (1) In general.--The members of the National 
        Advisory Council shall be appointed by the 
        Administrator, and shall, to the extent practicable, 
        represent a geographic (including urban and rural) and 
        substantive cross section of officials, emergency 
        managers, and emergency response providers from State, 
        local, and tribal governments, the private sector, and 
        nongovernmental organizations, including as 
        appropriate--
                    (A) members selected from the emergency 
                management field and emergency response 
                providers, including fire service, law 
                enforcement, hazardous materials response, 
                emergency medical services, and emergency 
                management personnel, or organizations 
                representing such individuals;
                    (B) health scientists, emergency and 
                inpatient medical providers, and public health 
                professionals;
                    (C) experts from Federal, State, local, and 
                tribal governments, and the private sector, 
                representing standards-setting and accrediting 
                organizations, including representatives from 
                the voluntary consensus codes and standards 
                development community, particularly those with 
                expertise in the emergency preparedness and 
                response field;
                    (D) State, local, and tribal government 
                officials with expertise in preparedness, 
                protection, response, recovery, and mitigation, 
                including Adjutants General;
                    (E) elected State, local, and tribal 
                government executives;
                    (F) experts in public and private sector 
                infrastructure protection, cybersecurity, and 
                communications;
                    (G) representatives of individuals with 
                disabilities and other populations with special 
                needs; and
                    (H) such other individuals as the 
                Administrator determines to be appropriate.
            (2) Coordination with the departments of health and 
        human services and transportation.--In the selection of 
        members of the National Advisory Council who are health 
        or emergency medical services professionals, the 
        Administrator shall work with the Secretary of Health 
        and Human Services and the Secretary of Transportation.
            (3) Ex officio members.--The Administrator shall 
        designate 1 or more officers of the Federal Government 
        to serve as ex officio members of the National Advisory 
        Council.
            (4) Terms of office.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the term of office of each 
                member of the National Advisory Council shall 
                be 3 years.
                    (B) Initial appointments.--Of the members 
                initially appointed to the National Advisory 
                Council--
                            (i) one-third shall be appointed 
                        for a term of 1 year; and
                            (ii) one-third shall be appointed 
                        for a term of 2 years.
    (d) RESPONSE Subcommittee.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the date of the enactment of the RESPONSE Act of 2016, 
        the Administrator shall establish, as a subcommittee of 
        the National Advisory Council, the Railroad Emergency 
        Services Preparedness, Operational Needs, and Safety 
        Evaluation Subcommittee (referred to in this subsection 
        as the ``RESPONSE Subcommittee'').
            (2) Membership.--Notwithstanding subsection (c), 
        the RESPONSE Subcommittee shall be composed of the 
        following:
                    (A) The Deputy Administrator, Protection 
                and National Preparedness of the Federal 
                Emergency Management Agency, or designee.
                    (B) The Chief Safety Officer of the 
                Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety 
                Administration, or designee.
                    (C) The Associate Administrator for 
                Hazardous Materials Safety of the Pipeline and 
                Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, or 
                designee.
                    (D) The Assistant Director for Emergency 
                Communications, or designee.
                    (E) The Director for the Office of 
                Railroad, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials 
                Investigations of the National Transportation 
                Safety Board, or designee.
                    (F) The Chief Safety Officer and Associate 
                Administrator for Railroad Safety of the 
                Federal Railroad Administration, or designee.
                    (G) The Assistant Administrator for 
                Security Policy and Industry Engagement of the 
                Transportation Security Administration, or 
                designee.
                    (H) The Assistant Commandant for Response 
                Policy of the Coast Guard, or designee.
                    (I) The Assistant Administrator for the 
                Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response of 
                the Environmental Protection Agency, or 
                designee.
                    (J) Such other qualified individuals as the 
                co-chairpersons shall jointly appoint as soon 
                as practicable after the date of the enactment 
                of the RESPONSE Act of 2016 from among the 
                following:
                            (i) Members of the National 
                        Advisory Council that have the 
                        requisite technical knowledge and 
                        expertise to address rail emergency 
                        response issues, including members from 
                        the following disciplines:
                                    (I) Emergency management 
                                and emergency response 
                                providers, including fire 
                                service, law enforcement, 
                                hazardous materials response, 
                                and emergency medical services.
                                    (II) State, local, and 
                                tribal government officials.
                            (ii) Individuals who have the 
                        requisite technical knowledge and 
                        expertise to serve on the RESPONSE 
                        Subcommittee, including at least 1 
                        representative from each of the 
                        following:
                                    (I) The rail industry.
                                    (II) Rail labor.
                                    (III) Persons who offer oil 
                                for transportation by rail.
                                    (IV) The communications 
                                industry.
                                    (V) Emergency response 
                                providers, including 
                                individuals nominated by 
                                national organizations 
                                representing State and local 
                                governments and emergency 
                                responders.
                                    (VI) Emergency response 
                                training providers.
                                    (VII) Representatives from 
                                tribal organizations.
                                    (VIII) Technical experts.
                                    (IX) Vendors, developers, 
                                and manufacturers of systems, 
                                facilities, equipment, and 
                                capabilities for emergency 
                                responder services.
                            (iii) Representatives of such other 
                        stakeholders and interested and 
                        affected parties as the co-chairpersons 
                        consider appropriate.
            (3) Co-chairpersons.--The members described in 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (2) shall serve 
        as the co-chairpersons of the RESPONSE Subcommittee.
            (4) Initial meeting.--The initial meeting of the 
        RESPONSE Subcommittee shall take place not later than 
        90 days after the date of enactment of the RESPONSE Act 
        of 2016.
            (5) Consultation with nonmembers.--The RESPONSE 
        Subcommittee and the program offices for emergency 
        responder training and resources shall consult with 
        other relevant agencies and groups, including entities 
        engaged in federally funded research and academic 
        institutions engaged in relevant work and research, 
        which are not represented on the RESPONSE Subcommittee 
        to consider new and developing technologies and methods 
        that may be beneficial to preparedness and response to 
        rail hazardous materials incidents.
            (6) Recommendations.--The RESPONSE Subcommittee 
        shall develop recommendations, as appropriate, for 
        improving emergency responder training and resource 
        allocation for hazardous materials incidents involving 
        railroads after evaluating the following topics:
                    (A) The quality and application of training 
                for State and local emergency responders 
                related to rail hazardous materials incidents, 
                including training for emergency responders 
                serving small communities near railroads, 
                including the following:
                            (i) Ease of access to relevant 
                        training for State and local emergency 
                        responders, including an analysis of--
                                    (I) the number of 
                                individuals being trained;
                                    (II) the number of 
                                individuals who are applying;
                                    (III) whether current 
                                demand is being met;
                                    (IV) current challenges; 
                                and
                                    (V) projected needs.
                            (ii) Modernization of training 
                        course content related to rail 
                        hazardous materials incidents, with a 
                        particular focus on fluctuations in oil 
                        shipments by rail, including regular 
                        and ongoing evaluation of course 
                        opportunities, adaptation to emerging 
                        trends, agency and private sector 
                        outreach, effectiveness and ease of 
                        access for State and local emergency 
                        responders.
                            (iii) Identification of overlap in 
                        training content and identification of 
                        opportunities to develop complementary 
                        courses and materials among 
                        governmental and nongovernmental 
                        entities.
                            (iv) Online training platforms, 
                        train-the-trainer, and mobile training 
                        options.
                    (B) The availability and effectiveness of 
                Federal, State, local, and nongovernmental 
                funding levels related to training emergency 
                responders for rail hazardous materials 
                incidents, including emergency responders 
                serving small communities near railroads, 
                including--
                            (i) identifying overlap in resource 
                        allocations;
                            (ii) identifying cost savings 
                        measures that can be implemented to 
                        increase training opportunities;
                            (iii) leveraging government funding 
                        with nongovernmental funding to enhance 
                        training opportunities and fill 
                        existing training gaps;
                            (iv) adaptation of priority 
                        settings for agency funding allocations 
                        in response to emerging trends;
                            (v) historic levels of funding 
                        across Federal agencies for rail 
                        hazardous materials incident response 
                        and training, including funding 
                        provided by the private sector to 
                        public entities or in conjunction with 
                        Federal programs; and
                            (vi) current funding resources 
                        across agencies.
                    (C) The strategy for integrating commodity 
                flow studies, mapping, and rail and hazardous 
                materials databases for State and local 
                emergency responders and increasing the rate of 
                access to the individual responder in existing 
                or emerging communications technology.
            (7) Report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 1 year 
                after the date of the enactment of the RESPONSE 
                Act of 2016, the RESPONSE Subcommittee shall 
                submit a report to the National Advisory 
                Council that--
                            (i) includes the recommendations 
                        developed under paragraph (6);
                            (ii) specifies the timeframes for 
                        implementing any such recommendations 
                        that do not require congressional 
                        action; and
                            (iii) identifies any such 
                        recommendations that do require 
                        congressional action.
                    (B) Review.--Not later than 30 days after 
                receiving the report under subparagraph (A), 
                the National Advisory Council shall begin a 
                review of the report. The National Advisory 
                Council may ask for additional clarification, 
                changes, or other information from the RESPONSE 
                Subcommittee to assist in the approval of the 
                recommendations.
                    (C) Recommendation.--Once the National 
                Advisory Council approves the recommendations 
                of the RESPONSE Subcommittee, the National 
                Advisory Council shall submit the report to--
                            (i) the co-chairpersons of the 
                        RESPONSE Subcommittee;
                            (ii) the head of each other agency 
                        represented on the RESPONSE 
                        Subcommittee;
                            (iii) the Committee on Homeland 
                        Security and Governmental Affairs of 
                        the Senate;
                            (iv) the Committee on Commerce, 
                        Science, and Transportation of the 
                        Senate;
                            (v) the Committee on Homeland 
                        Security of the House of 
                        Representatives; and
                            (vi) the Committee on 
                        Transportation and Infrastructure of 
                        the House of Representatives.
            (8) Interim activity.--
                    (A) Updates and oversight.--After the 
                submission of the report by the National 
                Advisory Council under paragraph (7), the 
                Administrator shall--
                            (i) provide annual updates to the 
                        congressional committees referred to in 
                        paragraph (7)(C) regarding the status 
                        of the implementation of the 
                        recommendations developed under 
                        paragraph (6); and
                            (ii) coordinate the implementation 
                        of the recommendations described in 
                        paragraph (6)(G)(i), as appropriate.
                    (B) Sunset.--The requirements of 
                subparagraph (A) shall terminate on the date 
                that is 2 years after the date of the 
                submission of the report required under 
                paragraph (7)(A).
            (9) Termination.--The RESPONSE Subcommittee shall 
        terminate not later than 90 days after the submission 
        of the report required under paragraph (7)(C).
    (e) Applicability of Federal Advisory Committee Act.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding section 871(a) and 
        subject to paragraph (2), the Federal Advisory 
        Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.), including subsections 
        (a), (b), and (d) of section 10 of such Act, and 
        section 552b(c) of title 5, United States Code, shall 
        apply to the National Advisory Council.
            (2) Termination.--Section 14(a)(2) of the Federal 
        Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply 
        to the National Advisory Council.

SEC. 509. [6 U.S.C. 319] NATIONAL INTEGRATION CENTER.

    (a) In General.--There is established in the Agency a 
National Integration Center.
    (b) Responsibilities.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator, through the 
        National Integration Center, and in consultation with 
        other Federal departments and agencies and the National 
        Advisory Council, shall ensure ongoing management and 
        maintenance of the National Incident Management System, 
        the National Response Plan, and any successor to such 
        system or plan.
            (2) Specific responsibilities.--The National 
        Integration Center shall periodically review, and 
        revise as appropriate, the National Incident Management 
        System and the National Response Plan, including--
                    (A) establishing, in consultation with the 
                Director of the Corporation for National and 
                Community Service, a process to better use 
                volunteers and donations;
                    (B) improving the use of Federal, State, 
                local, and tribal resources and ensuring the 
                effective use of emergency response providers 
                at emergency scenes; and
                    (C) revising the Catastrophic Incident 
                Annex, finalizing and releasing the 
                Catastrophic Incident Supplement to the 
                National Response Plan, and ensuring that both 
                effectively address response requirements in 
                the event of a catastrophic incident.
    (c) Incident Management.--
            (1) In general.--
                    (A) National response plan.--The Secretary, 
                acting through the Administrator, shall ensure 
                that the National Response Plan provides for a 
                clear chain of command to lead and coordinate 
                the Federal response to any natural disaster, 
                act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster.
                    (B) Administrator.--The chain of the 
                command specified in the National Response Plan 
                shall--
                            (i) provide for a role for the 
                        Administrator consistent with the role 
                        of the Administrator as the principal 
                        emergency management advisor to the 
                        President, the Homeland Security 
                        Council, and the Secretary under 
                        section 503(c)(4) and the 
                        responsibility of the Administrator 
                        under the Post-Katrina Emergency 
                        Management Reform Act of 2006, and the 
                        amendments made by that Act, relating 
                        to natural disasters, acts of 
                        terrorism, and other man-made 
                        disasters; and
                            (ii) provide for a role for the 
                        Federal Coordinating Officer consistent 
                        with the responsibilities under section 
                        302(b) of the Robert T. Stafford 
                        Disaster Relief and Emergency 
                        Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5143(b)).
            (2) Principal federal official; joint task force.--
        The Principal Federal Official (or the successor 
        thereto) or Director of a Joint Task Force established 
        under section 708 shall not--
                    (A) direct or replace the incident command 
                structure established at the incident; or
                    (B) have directive authority over the 
                Senior Federal Law Enforcement Official, 
                Federal Coordinating Officer, or other Federal 
                and State officials.

SEC. 510. [6 U.S.C. 320] CREDENTIALING AND TYPING.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator shall enter into a 
memorandum of understanding with the administrators of the 
Emergency Management Assistance Compact, State, local, and 
tribal governments, and organizations that represent emergency 
response providers, to collaborate on developing standards for 
deployment capabilities, including for credentialing and typing 
of incident management personnel, emergency response providers, 
and other personnel (including temporary personnel) and 
resources likely needed to respond to natural disasters, acts 
of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.
    (b) Distribution.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of the Implementing Recommendations 
        of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007, the Administrator 
        shall provide the standards developed under subsection 
        (a), including detailed written guidance, to--
                    (A) each Federal agency that has 
                responsibilities under the National Response 
                Plan to aid that agency with credentialing and 
                typing incident management personnel, emergency 
                response providers, and other personnel 
                (including temporary personnel) and resources 
                likely needed to respond to a natural disaster, 
                act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster; 
                and
                    (B) State, local, and tribal governments, 
                to aid such governments with credentialing and 
                typing of State, local, and tribal incident 
                management personnel, emergency response 
                providers, and other personnel (including 
                temporary personnel) and resources likely 
                needed to respond to a natural disaster, act of 
                terrorism, or other man-made disaster.
            (2) Assistance.--The Administrator shall provide 
        expertise and technical assistance to aid Federal, 
        State, local, and tribal government agencies with 
        credentialing and typing incident management personnel, 
        emergency response providers, and other personnel 
        (including temporary personnel) and resources likely 
        needed to respond to a natural disaster, act of 
        terrorism, or other man-made disaster.
    (c) Credentialing and Typing of Personnel.--Not later than 
6 months after receiving the standards provided under 
subsection (b), each Federal agency with responsibilities under 
the National Response Plan shall ensure that incident 
management personnel, emergency response providers, and other 
personnel (including temporary personnel) and resources likely 
needed to respond to a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or 
other manmade disaster are credentialed and typed in accordance 
with this section.
    (d) Consultation on Health Care Standards.--In developing 
standards for credentialing health care professionals under 
this section, the Administrator shall consult with the 
Secretary of Health and Human Services.

SEC. 511. [6 U.S.C. 321] THE NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE SIMULATION AND 
                    ANALYSIS CENTER.

    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``National 
Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center'' means the 
National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center 
established under section 1016(d) of the USA PATRIOT Act (42 
U.S.C. 5195c(d)).
    (b) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--There is in the Department the 
        National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center 
        which shall serve as a source of national expertise to 
        address critical infrastructure protection and 
        continuity through support for activities related to--
                    (A) counterterrorism, threat assessment, 
                and risk mitigation; and
                    (B) a natural disaster, act of terrorism, 
                or other man-made disaster.
            (2) Infrastructure modeling.--
                    (A) Particular support.--The support 
                provided under paragraph (1) shall include 
                modeling, simulation, and analysis of the 
                systems and assets comprising critical 
                infrastructure, in order to enhance 
                preparedness, protection, response, recovery, 
                and mitigation activities.
                    (B) Relationship with other agencies.--Each 
                Federal agency and department with critical 
                infrastructure responsibilities under Homeland 
                Security Presidential Directive 7, or any 
                successor to such directive, shall establish a 
                formal relationship, including an agreement 
                regarding information sharing, between the 
                elements of such agency or department and the 
                National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis 
                Center, through the Department.
                    (C) Purpose.--
                            (i) In general.--The purpose of the 
                        relationship under subparagraph (B) 
                        shall be to permit each Federal agency 
                        and department described in 
                        subparagraph (B) to take full advantage 
                        of the capabilities of the National 
                        Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis 
                        Center (particularly vulnerability and 
                        consequence analysis), consistent with 
                        its work load capacity and priorities, 
                        for real-time response to reported and 
                        projected natural disasters, acts of 
                        terrorism, and other man-made 
                        disasters.
                            (ii) Recipient of certain 
                        support.--Modeling, simulation, and 
                        analysis provided under this subsection 
                        shall be provided to relevant Federal 
                        agencies and departments, including 
                        Federal agencies and departments with 
                        critical infrastructure 
                        responsibilities under Homeland 
                        Security Presidential Directive 7, or 
                        any successor to such directive.

SEC. 512. [6 U.S.C. 321A] EVACUATION PLANS AND EXERCISES.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, and subject to subsection (d), grants made to States or 
local or tribal governments by the Department through the State 
Homeland Security Grant Program or the Urban Area Security 
Initiative may be used to--
            (1) establish programs for the development and 
        maintenance of mass evacuation plans under subsection 
        (b) in the event of a natural disaster, act of 
        terrorism, or other man-made disaster;
            (2) prepare for the execution of such plans, 
        including the development of evacuation routes and the 
        purchase and stockpiling of necessary supplies and 
        shelters; and
            (3) conduct exercises of such plans.
    (b) Plan Development.--In developing the mass evacuation 
plans authorized under subsection (a), each State, local, or 
tribal government shall, to the maximum extent practicable--
            (1) establish incident command and decision making 
        processes;
            (2) ensure that State, local, and tribal government 
        plans, including evacuation routes, are coordinated and 
        integrated;
            (3) identify primary and alternative evacuation 
        routes and methods to increase evacuation capabilities 
        along such routes such as conversion of two-way traffic 
        to one-way evacuation routes;
            (4) identify evacuation transportation modes and 
        capabilities, including the use of mass and public 
        transit capabilities, and coordinating and integrating 
        evacuation plans for all populations including for 
        those individuals located in hospitals, nursing homes, 
        and other institutional living facilities;
            (5) develop procedures for informing the public of 
        evacuation plans before and during an evacuation, 
        including individuals--
                    (A) with disabilities or other special 
                needs, including the elderly;
                    (B) with limited English proficiency; or
                    (C) who might otherwise have difficulty in 
                obtaining such information; and
            (6) identify shelter locations and capabilities.
    (c) Assistance.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator may establish 
        any guidelines, standards, or requirements determined 
        appropriate to administer this section and to ensure 
        effective mass evacuation planning for State, local, 
        and tribal areas.
            (2) Requested assistance.--The Administrator shall 
        make assistance available upon request of a State, 
        local, or tribal government to assist hospitals, 
        nursing homes, and other institutions that house 
        individuals with special needs to establish, maintain, 
        and exercise mass evacuation plans that are coordinated 
        and integrated into the plans developed by that State, 
        local, or tribal government under this section.
    (d) Multipurpose Funds.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to preclude a State, local, or tribal government from 
using grant funds in a manner that enhances preparedness for a 
natural or man-made disaster unrelated to an act of terrorism, 
if such use assists such government in building capabilities 
for terrorism preparedness.

SEC. 513. [6 U.S.C. 321B] DISABILITY COORDINATOR.

    (a) In General.--After consultation with organizations 
representing individuals with disabilities, the National 
Council on Disabilities, and the Interagency Coordinating 
Council on Preparedness and Individuals with Disabilities, 
established under Executive Order No. 13347 (6 U.S.C. 312 
note), the Administrator shall appoint a Disability 
Coordinator. The Disability Coordinator shall report directly 
to the Administrator, in order to ensure that the needs of 
individuals with disabilities are being properly addressed in 
emergency preparedness and disaster relief.
    (b) Responsibilities.--The Disability Coordinator shall be 
responsible for--
            (1) providing guidance and coordination on matters 
        related to individuals with disabilities in emergency 
        planning requirements and relief efforts in the event 
        of a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-
        made disaster;
            (2) interacting with the staff of the Agency, the 
        National Council on Disabilities, the Interagency 
        Coordinating Council on Preparedness and Individuals 
        with Disabilities established under Executive Order No. 
        13347 (6 U.S.C. 312 note), other agencies of the 
        Federal Government, and State, local, and tribal 
        government authorities regarding the needs of 
        individuals with disabilities in emergency planning 
        requirements and relief efforts in the event of a 
        natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made 
        disaster;
            (3) consulting with organizations that represent 
        the interests and rights of individuals with 
        disabilities about the needs of individuals with 
        disabilities in emergency planning requirements and 
        relief efforts in the event of a natural disaster, act 
        of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;
            (4) ensuring the coordination and dissemination of 
        best practices and model evacuation plans for 
        individuals with disabilities;
            (5) ensuring the development of training materials 
        and a curriculum for training of emergency response 
        providers, State, local, and tribal government 
        officials, and others on the needs of individuals with 
        disabilities;
            (6) promoting the accessibility of telephone 
        hotlines and websites regarding emergency preparedness, 
        evacuations, and disaster relief;
            (7) working to ensure that video programming 
        distributors, including broadcasters, cable operators, 
        and satellite television services, make emergency 
        information accessible to individuals with hearing and 
        vision disabilities;
            (8) ensuring the availability of accessible 
        transportation options for individuals with 
        disabilities in the event of an evacuation;
            (9) providing guidance and implementing policies to 
        ensure that the rights and wishes of individuals with 
        disabilities regarding post-evacuation residency and 
        relocation are respected;
            (10) ensuring that meeting the needs of individuals 
        with disabilities are included in the components of the 
        national preparedness system established under section 
        644 of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act 
        of 2006; and
            (11) any other duties as assigned by the 
        Administrator.

SEC. 514. [6 U.S.C. 321C] DEPARTMENT AND AGENCY OFFICIALS.

    (a) Deputy Administrators.--The President may appoint, by 
and with the advice and consent of the Senate, not more than 4 
Deputy Administrators to assist the Administrator in carrying 
out this title.
    (b) United States Fire Administration.--The Administrator 
of the United States Fire Administration shall have a rank 
equivalent to an assistant secretary of the Department.

SEC. 515. [6 U.S.C. 321D] NATIONAL OPERATIONS CENTER.

    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``situational 
awareness'' means information gathered from a variety of 
sources that, when communicated to emergency managers, decision 
makers, and other appropriate officials, can form the basis for 
incident management decisionmaking and steady-state activity.
    (b) Establishment.--The National Operations Center is the 
principal operations center for the Department and shall--
            (1) provide situational awareness and a common 
        operating picture for the entire Federal Government, 
        and for State, local, tribal, and territorial 
        governments, the private sector, and international 
        partners as appropriate, for events, threats, and 
        incidents involving a natural disaster, act of 
        terrorism, or other man-made disaster;
            (2) ensure that critical terrorism and disaster-
        related information reaches government decision-makers; 
        and
            (3) enter into agreements with other Federal 
        operations centers and other homeland security 
        partners, as appropriate, to facilitate the sharing of 
        information.
    (c) State and Local Emergency Responder Representation.--
            (1) Establishment of positions.--The Secretary 
        shall establish a position, on a rotating basis, for a 
        representative of State and local emergency responders 
        at the National Operations Center established under 
        subsection (b) to ensure the effective sharing of 
        information between the Federal Government and State 
        and local emergency response services.
            (2) Management.--The Secretary shall manage the 
        position established pursuant to paragraph (1) in 
        accordance with such rules, regulations, and practices 
        as govern other similar rotating positions at the 
        National Operations Center.

    [Section 516 was repealed by section 2(c)(1) of Public Law 
115-387.]

SEC. 517. [6 U.S.C. 321F] NUCLEAR INCIDENT RESPONSE.

    (a) In General.--At the direction of the Secretary (in 
connection with an actual or threatened terrorist attack, major 
disaster, or other emergency in the United States), the Nuclear 
Incident Response Team shall operate as an organizational unit 
of the Department. While so operating, the Nuclear Incident 
Response Team shall be subject to the direction, authority, and 
control of the Secretary.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this title shall be 
construed to limit the ordinary responsibility of the Secretary 
of Energy and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
Agency for organizing, training, equipping, and utilizing their 
respective entities in the Nuclear Incident Response Team, or 
(subject to the provisions of this title) from exercising 
direction, authority, and control over them when they are not 
operating as a unit of the Department.

SEC. 518. [6 U.S.C. 321G] CONDUCT OF CERTAIN PUBLIC HEALTH-RELATED 
                    ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--With respect to all public health-related 
activities to improve State, local, and hospital preparedness 
and response to chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear 
and other emerging terrorist threats carried out by the 
Department of Health and Human Services (including the Public 
Health Service), the Secretary of Health and Human Services 
shall set priorities and preparedness goals and further develop 
a coordinated strategy for such activities in collaboration 
with the Secretary.
    (b) Evaluation of Progress.--In carrying out subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall 
collaborate with the Secretary in developing specific 
benchmarks and outcome measurements for evaluating progress 
toward achieving the priorities and goals described in such 
subsection.

SEC. 519. [6 U.S.C. 321H] USE OF NATIONAL PRIVATE SECTOR NETWORKS IN 
                    EMERGENCY RESPONSE.

    To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall use 
national private sector networks and infrastructure for 
emergency response to chemical, biological, radiological, 
nuclear, or explosive disasters, and other major disasters.

SEC. 520. [6 U.S.C. 321I] USE OF COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY, 
                    GOODS, AND SERVICES.

     It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Secretary should, to the maximum extent 
        possible, use off-the-shelf commercially developed 
        technologies to ensure that the Department's 
        information technology systems allow the Department to 
        collect, manage, share, analyze, and disseminate 
        information securely over multiple channels of 
        communication; and
            (2) in order to further the policy of the United 
        States to avoid competing commercially with the private 
        sector, the Secretary should rely on commercial sources 
        to supply the goods and services needed by the 
        Department.

SEC. 521. [6 U.S.C. 321J] PROCUREMENT OF SECURITY COUNTERMEASURES FOR 
                    STRATEGIC NATIONAL STOCKPILE.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--For the procurement 
of security countermeasures under section 319F-2(c) of the 
Public Health Service Act (referred to in this section as the 
``security countermeasures program''), there is authorized to 
be appropriated up to $5,593,000,000 for the fiscal years 2004 
through 2013. Of the amounts appropriated under the preceding 
sentence, not to exceed $3,418,000,000 may be obligated during 
the fiscal years 2004 through 2008, of which not to exceed 
$890,000,000 may be obligated during fiscal year 2004. None of 
the funds made available under this subsection shall be used to 
procure countermeasures to diagnose, mitigate, prevent, or 
treat harm resulting from any naturally occurring infectious 
disease or other public health threat that are not security 
countermeasures under section 319F-2(c)(1)(B). \5\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\ The last sentence in section 521(a) was added to reflect the 
probable intent of Congress. Section 403(c) of Public Law 109-417 (120 
Stat. 2874) provides as follows:

    (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Section 510(a) of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 320(a)) is amended by adding at the end 
the following: ``None of the funds made available under this subsection 
shall be used to procure countermeasures to diagnose, mitigate, 
prevent, or treat harm resulting from any naturally occurring 
infectious disease or other public health threat that are not security 
countermeasures under section 319F-2(c)(1)(B).''.

     Section 510 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 was redesignated 
as section 521 by section 611(7) of Public Law 109-295 (120 Stat. 
1395).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Special Reserve Fund.--For purposes of the security 
countermeasures program, the term ``special reserve fund'' 
means the ``Biodefense Countermeasures'' appropriations account 
or any other appropriation made under subsection (a).
    (c) Availability.--Amounts appropriated under subsection 
(a) become available for a procurement under the security 
countermeasures program only upon the approval by the President 
of such availability for the procurement in accordance with 
paragraph (6)(B) of such program.
    (d) Related Authorizations of Appropriations.--
            (1) Threat assessment capabilities.--For the 
        purpose of carrying out the responsibilities of the 
        Secretary for terror threat assessment under the 
        security countermeasures program, there are authorized 
        to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for 
        each of the fiscal years 2004 through 2006, for the 
        hiring of professional personnel within the Office of 
        Intelligence and Analysis, who shall be analysts 
        responsible for chemical, biological, radiological, and 
        nuclear threat assessment (including but not limited to 
        analysis of chemical, biological, radiological, and 
        nuclear agents, the means by which such agents could be 
        weaponized or used in a terrorist attack, and the 
        capabilities, plans, and intentions of terrorists and 
        other non-state actors who may have or acquire such 
        agents). All such analysts shall meet the applicable 
        standards and qualifications for the performance of 
        intelligence activities promulgated by the Director of 
        Central Intelligence pursuant to section 104 of the 
        National Security Act of 1947.
            (2) Intelligence sharing infrastructure.--For the 
        purpose of carrying out the acquisition and deployment 
        of secure facilities (including information technology 
        and physical infrastructure, whether mobile and 
        temporary, or permanent) sufficient to permit the 
        Secretary to receive, not later than 180 days after the 
        date of enactment of the Project BioShield Act of 2004, 
        all classified information and products to which the 
        Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis is 
        entitled under subtitle A of title II, there are 
        authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
        necessary for each of the fiscal years 2004 through 
        2006.

SEC. 522. [6 U.S.C. 321K] MODEL STANDARDS AND GUIDELINES FOR CRITICAL 
                    INFRASTRUCTURE WORKERS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 12 months after the date of 
enactment of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 
Commission Act of 2007, and in coordination with appropriate 
national professional organizations, Federal, State, local, and 
tribal government agencies, and private-sector and 
nongovernmental entities, the Administrator shall establish 
model standards and guidelines for credentialing critical 
infrastructure workers that may be used by a State to 
credential critical infrastructure workers that may respond to 
a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made 
disaster.
    (b) Distribution and Assistance.--The Administrator shall 
provide the standards developed under subsection (a), including 
detailed written guidance, to State, local, and tribal 
governments, and provide expertise and technical assistance to 
aid such governments with credentialing critical infrastructure 
workers that may respond to a natural disaster, act of 
terrorism, or other manmade disaster.

SEC. 523. [6 U.S.C. 321L] GUIDANCE AND RECOMMENDATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Consistent with their responsibilities and 
authorities under law, as of the day before the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Administrator and the Director 
of Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security, in consultation 
with the private sector, may develop guidance or 
recommendations and identify best practices to assist or foster 
action by the private sector in--
            (1) identifying potential hazards and assessing 
        risks and impacts;
            (2) mitigating the impact of a wide variety of 
        hazards, including weapons of mass destruction;
            (3) managing necessary emergency preparedness and 
        response resources;
            (4) developing mutual aid agreements;
            (5) developing and maintaining emergency 
        preparedness and response plans, and associated 
        operational procedures;
            (6) developing and conducting training and 
        exercises to support and evaluate emergency 
        preparedness and response plans and operational 
        procedures;
            (7) developing and conducting training programs for 
        security guards to implement emergency preparedness and 
        response plans and operations procedures; and
            (8) developing procedures to respond to requests 
        for information from the media or the public.
    (b) Issuance and Promotion.--Any guidance or 
recommendations developed or best practices identified under 
subsection (a) shall be--
            (1) issued through the Administrator; and
            (2) promoted by the Secretary to the private 
        sector.
    (c) Small Business Concerns.--In developing guidance or 
recommendations or identifying best practices under subsection 
(a), the Administrator and the Director of Cybersecurity and 
Infrastructure Security shall take into consideration small 
business concerns (under the meaning given that term in section 
3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)), including any 
need for separate guidance or recommendations or best 
practices, as necessary and appropriate.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to supersede any requirement established under any 
other provision of law.

SEC. 524. [6 U.S.C. 321M] VOLUNTARY PRIVATE SECTOR PREPAREDNESS 
                    ACCREDITATION AND CERTIFICATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the 
        officer designated under paragraph (2), shall establish 
        and implement the voluntary private sector preparedness 
        accreditation and certification program in accordance 
        with this section.
            (2) Designation of officer.--The Secretary shall 
        designate an officer responsible for the accreditation 
        and certification program under this section. Such 
        officer (hereinafter referred to in this section as the 
        ``designated officer'') shall be one of the following:
                    (A) The Administrator, based on 
                consideration of--
                            (i) the expertise of the 
                        Administrator in emergency management 
                        and preparedness in the United States; 
                        and
                            (ii) the responsibilities of the 
                        Administrator as the principal advisor 
                        to the President for all matters 
                        relating to emergency management in the 
                        United States.
                    (B) The Assistant Secretary for 
                Infrastructure Protection, based on 
                consideration of the expertise of the Assistant 
                Secretary in, and responsibilities for--
                            (i) protection of critical 
                        infrastructure;
                            (ii) risk assessment methodologies; 
                        and
                            (iii) interacting with the private 
                        sector on the issues described in 
                        clauses (i) and (ii).
                    (C) The Under Secretary for Science and 
                Technology, based on consideration of the 
                expertise of the Under Secretary in, and 
                responsibilities associated with, standards.
            (3) Coordination.--In carrying out the 
        accreditation and certification program under this 
        section, the designated officer shall coordinate with--
                    (A) the other officers of the Department 
                referred to in paragraph (2), using the 
                expertise and responsibilities of such 
                officers; and
                    (B) the Special Assistant to the Secretary 
                for the Private Sector, based on consideration 
                of the expertise of the Special Assistant in, 
                and responsibilities for, interacting with the 
                private sector.
    (b) Voluntary Private Sector Preparedness Standards; 
Voluntary Accreditation and Certification Program for the 
Private Sector.--
            (1) Accreditation and certification program.--Not 
        later than 210 days after the date of enactment of the 
        Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act 
        of 2007, the designated officer shall--
                    (A) begin supporting the development and 
                updating, as necessary, of voluntary 
                preparedness standards through appropriate 
                organizations that coordinate or facilitate the 
                development and use of voluntary consensus 
                standards and voluntary consensus standards 
                development organizations; and
                    (B) in consultation with representatives of 
                appropriate organizations that coordinate or 
                facilitate the development and use of voluntary 
                consensus standards, appropriate voluntary 
                consensus standards development organizations, 
                each private sector advisory council created 
                under section 102(f)(4), appropriate 
                representatives of State and local governments, 
                including emergency management officials, and 
                appropriate private sector advisory groups, 
                such as sector coordinating councils and 
                information sharing and analysis centers--
                            (i) develop and promote a program 
                        to certify the preparedness of private 
                        sector entities that voluntarily choose 
                        to seek certification under the 
                        program; and
                            (ii) implement the program under 
                        this subsection through any entity with 
                        which the designated officer enters 
                        into an agreement under paragraph 
                        (3)(A), which shall accredit third 
                        parties to carry out the certification 
                        process under this section.
            (2) Program elements.--
                    (A) In general.--
                            (i) Program.--The program developed 
                        and implemented under this subsection 
                        shall assess whether a private sector 
                        entity complies with voluntary 
                        preparedness standards.
                            (ii) Guidelines.--In developing the 
                        program under this subsection, the 
                        designated officer shall develop 
                        guidelines for the accreditation and 
                        certification processes established 
                        under this subsection.
                    (B) Standards.--The designated officer, in 
                consultation with representatives of 
                appropriate organizations that coordinate or 
                facilitate the development and use of voluntary 
                consensus standards, representatives of 
                appropriate voluntary consensus standards 
                development organizations, each private sector 
                advisory council created under section 
                102(f)(4), appropriate representatives of State 
                and local governments, including emergency 
                management officials, and appropriate private 
                sector advisory groups such as sector 
                coordinating councils and information sharing 
                and analysis centers--
                            (i) shall adopt one or more 
                        appropriate voluntary preparedness 
                        standards that promote preparedness, 
                        which may be tailored to address the 
                        unique nature of various sectors within 
                        the private sector, as necessary and 
                        appropriate, that shall be used in the 
                        accreditation and certification program 
                        under this subsection; and
                            (ii) after the adoption of one or 
                        more standards under clause (i), may 
                        adopt additional voluntary preparedness 
                        standards or modify or discontinue the 
                        use of voluntary preparedness standards 
                        for the accreditation and certification 
                        program, as necessary and appropriate 
                        to promote preparedness.
                    (C) Submission of recommendations.--In 
                adopting one or more standards under 
                subparagraph (B), the designated officer may 
                receive recommendations from any entity 
                described in that subparagraph relating to 
                appropriate voluntary preparedness standards, 
                including appropriate sector specific 
                standards, for adoption in the program.
                    (D) Small business concerns.--The 
                designated officer and any entity with which 
                the designated officer enters into an agreement 
                under paragraph (3)(A) shall establish separate 
                classifications and methods of certification 
                for small business concerns (under the meaning 
                given that term in section 3 of the Small 
                Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)) for the program 
                under this subsection.
                    (E) Considerations.--In developing and 
                implementing the program under this subsection, 
                the designated officer shall--
                            (i) consider the unique nature of 
                        various sectors within the private 
                        sector, including preparedness 
                        standards, business continuity 
                        standards, or best practices, 
                        established--
                                    (I) under any other 
                                provision of Federal law; or
                                    (II) by any sector-specific 
                                agency, as defined under 
                                Homeland Security Presidential 
                                Directive-7; and
                            (ii) coordinate the program, as 
                        appropriate, with--
                                    (I) other Department 
                                private sector related 
                                programs; and
                                    (II) preparedness and 
                                business continuity programs in 
                                other Federal agencies.
            (3) Accreditation and certification processes.--
                    (A) Agreement.--
                            (i) In general.--Not later than 210 
                        days after the date of enactment of the 
                        Implementing Recommendations of the 9/
                        11 Commission Act of 2007, the 
                        designated officer shall enter into one 
                        or more agreements with a highly 
                        qualified nongovernmental entity with 
                        experience or expertise in coordinating 
                        and facilitating the development and 
                        use of voluntary consensus standards 
                        and in managing or implementing 
                        accreditation and certification 
                        programs for voluntary consensus 
                        standards, or a similarly qualified 
                        private sector entity, to carry out 
                        accreditations and oversee the 
                        certification process under this 
                        subsection. An entity entering into an 
                        agreement with the designated officer 
                        under this clause (hereinafter referred 
                        to in this section as a ``selected 
                        entity'') shall not perform 
                        certifications under this subsection.
                            (ii) Contents.--A selected entity 
                        shall manage the accreditation process 
                        and oversee the certification process 
                        in accordance with the program 
                        established under this subsection and 
                        accredit qualified third parties to 
                        carry out the certification program 
                        established under this subsection.
                    (B) Procedures and requirements for 
                accreditation and certification.--
                            (i) In general.--Any selected 
                        entity shall collaborate to develop 
                        procedures and requirements for the 
                        accreditation and certification 
                        processes under this subsection, in 
                        accordance with the program established 
                        under this subsection and guidelines 
                        developed under paragraph (2)(A)(ii).
                            (ii) Contents and use.--The 
                        procedures and requirements developed 
                        under clause (i) shall--
                                    (I) ensure reasonable 
                                uniformity in any accreditation 
                                and certification processes if 
                                there is more than one selected 
                                entity; and
                                    (II) be used by any 
                                selected entity in conducting 
                                accreditations and overseeing 
                                the certification process under 
                                this subsection.
                            (iii) Disagreement.--Any 
                        disagreement among selected entities in 
                        developing procedures under clause (i) 
                        shall be resolved by the designated 
                        officer.
                    (C) Designation.--A selected entity may 
                accredit any qualified third party to carry out 
                the certification process under this 
                subsection.
                    (D) Disadvantaged business involvement.--In 
                accrediting qualified third parties to carry 
                out the certification process under this 
                subsection, a selected entity shall ensure, to 
                the extent practicable, that the third parties 
                include qualified small, minority, women-owned, 
                or disadvantaged business concerns when 
                appropriate. The term ``disadvantaged business 
                concern'' means a small business that is owned 
                and controlled by socially and economically 
                disadvantaged individuals, as defined in 
                section 124 of title 13, United States Code of 
                Federal Regulations.
                    (E) Treatment of other certifications.--At 
                the request of any entity seeking 
                certification, any selected entity may 
                consider, as appropriate, other relevant 
                certifications acquired by the entity seeking 
                certification. If the selected entity 
                determines that such other certifications are 
                sufficient to meet the certification 
                requirement or aspects of the certification 
                requirement under this section, the selected 
                entity may give credit to the entity seeking 
                certification, as appropriate, to avoid 
                unnecessarily duplicative certification 
                requirements.
                    (F) Third parties.--To be accredited under 
                subparagraph (C), a third party shall--
                            (i) demonstrate that the third 
                        party has the ability to certify 
                        private sector entities in accordance 
                        with the procedures and requirements 
                        developed under subparagraph (B);
                            (ii) agree to perform 
                        certifications in accordance with such 
                        procedures and requirements;
                            (iii) agree not to have any 
                        beneficial interest in or any direct or 
                        indirect control over--
                                    (I) a private sector entity 
                                for which that third party 
                                conducts a certification under 
                                this subsection; or
                                    (II) any organization that 
                                provides preparedness 
                                consulting services to private 
                                sector entities;
                            (iv) agree not to have any other 
                        conflict of interest with respect to 
                        any private sector entity for which 
                        that third party conducts a 
                        certification under this subsection;
                            (v) maintain liability insurance 
                        coverage at policy limits in accordance 
                        with the requirements developed under 
                        subparagraph (B); and
                            (vi) enter into an agreement with 
                        the selected entity accrediting that 
                        third party to protect any proprietary 
                        information of a private sector entity 
                        obtained under this subsection.
                    (G) Monitoring.--
                            (i) In general.--The designated 
                        officer and any selected entity shall 
                        regularly monitor and inspect the 
                        operations of any third party 
                        conducting certifications under this 
                        subsection to ensure that the third 
                        party is complying with the procedures 
                        and requirements established under 
                        subparagraph (B) and all other 
                        applicable requirements.
                            (ii) Revocation.--If the designated 
                        officer or any selected entity 
                        determines that a third party is not 
                        meeting the procedures or requirements 
                        established under subparagraph (B), the 
                        selected entity shall--
                                    (I) revoke the 
                                accreditation of that third 
                                party to conduct certifications 
                                under this subsection; and
                                    (II) review any 
                                certification conducted by that 
                                third party, as necessary and 
                                appropriate.
            (4) Annual review.--
                    (A) In general.--The designated officer, in 
                consultation with representatives of 
                appropriate organizations that coordinate or 
                facilitate the development and use of voluntary 
                consensus standards, appropriate voluntary 
                consensus standards development organizations, 
                appropriate representatives of State and local 
                governments, including emergency management 
                officials, and each private sector advisory 
                council created under section 102(f)(4), shall 
                annually review the voluntary accreditation and 
                certification program established under this 
                subsection to ensure the effectiveness of such 
                program (including the operations and 
                management of such program by any selected 
                entity and the selected entity's inclusion of 
                qualified disadvantaged business concerns under 
                paragraph (3)(D)) and make improvements and 
                adjustments to the program as necessary and 
                appropriate.
                    (B) Review of standards.--Each review under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include an assessment of 
                the voluntary preparedness standard or 
                standards used in the program under this 
                subsection.
            (5) Voluntary participation.--Certification under 
        this subsection shall be voluntary for any private 
        sector entity.
            (6) Public listing.--The designated officer shall 
        maintain and make public a listing of any private 
        sector entity certified as being in compliance with the 
        program established under this subsection, if that 
        private sector entity consents to such listing.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed as--
            (1) a requirement to replace any preparedness, 
        emergency response, or business continuity standards, 
        requirements, or best practices established--
                    (A) under any other provision of federal 
                law; or
                    (B) by any sector-specific agency, as those 
                agencies are defined under Homeland Security 
                Presidential Directive-7; or
            (2) exempting any private sector entity seeking 
        certification or meeting certification requirements 
        under subsection (b) from compliance with all 
        applicable statutes, regulations, directives, policies, 
        and industry codes of practice.

SEC. 525. [6 U.S.C. 321N] ACCEPTANCE OF GIFTS.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary may accept and use gifts of 
property, both real and personal, and may accept gifts of 
services, including from guest lecturers, for otherwise 
authorized activities of the Center for Domestic Preparedness 
that are related to efforts to prevent, prepare for, protect 
against, or respond to a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or 
other man-made disaster, including the use of a weapon of mass 
destruction.
    (b) Prohibition.--The Secretary may not accept a gift under 
this section if the Secretary determines that the use of the 
property or services would compromise the integrity or 
appearance of integrity of--
            (1) a program of the Department; or
            (2) an individual involved in a program of the 
        Department.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security 
        and Governmental Affairs of the Senate an annual report 
        disclosing--
                    (A) any gifts that were accepted under this 
                section during the year covered by the report;
                    (B) how the gifts contribute to the mission 
                of the Center for Domestic Preparedness; and
                    (C) the amount of Federal savings that were 
                generated from the acceptance of the gifts.
            (2) Publication.--Each report required under 
        paragraph (1) shall be made publically available.

SEC. 526. [6 U.S.C. 321O] INTEGRATED PUBLIC ALERT AND WARNING SYSTEM 
                    MODERNIZATION.

    (a) In General.--To provide timely and effective warnings 
regarding natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-
made disasters or threats to public safety, the Administrator 
shall--
            (1) modernize the integrated public alert and 
        warning system of the United States (in this section 
        referred to as the ``public alert and warning system'') 
        to help ensure that under all conditions the President 
        and, except to the extent the public alert and warning 
        system is in use by the President, Federal agencies and 
        State, tribal, and local governments can alert and warn 
        the civilian population in areas endangered by natural 
        disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made 
        disasters or threats to public safety; and
            (2) implement the public alert and warning system 
        to disseminate timely and effective warnings regarding 
        natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-
        made disasters or threats to public safety.
    (b) Implementation Requirements.--In carrying out 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall--
            (1) establish or adopt, as appropriate, common 
        alerting and warning protocols, standards, terminology, 
        and operating procedures for the public alert and 
        warning system;
            (2) include in the public alert and warning system 
        the capability to adapt the distribution and content of 
        communications on the basis of geographic location, 
        risks, and multiple communication systems and 
        technologies, as appropriate and to the extent 
        technically feasible;
            (3) include in the public alert and warning system 
        the capability to alert, warn, and provide equivalent 
        information to individuals with disabilities, 
        individuals with access and functional needs, and 
        individuals with limited-English proficiency, to the 
        extent technically feasible;
            (4) ensure that training, tests, and exercises are 
        conducted for the public alert and warning system, 
        including by--
                    (A) incorporating the public alert and 
                warning system into other training and exercise 
                programs of the Department, as appropriate;
                    (B) establishing and integrating into the 
                National Incident Management System a 
                comprehensive and periodic training program to 
                instruct and educate Federal, State, tribal, 
                and local government officials in the use of 
                the Common Alerting Protocol enabled Emergency 
                Alert System; and
                    (C) conducting, not less than once every 3 
                years, periodic nationwide tests of the public 
                alert and warning system;
            (5) to the extent practicable, ensure that the 
        public alert and warning system is resilient and secure 
        and can withstand acts of terrorism and other external 
        attacks;
            (6) conduct public education efforts so that State, 
        tribal, and local governments, private entities, and 
        the people of the United States reasonably understand 
        the functions of the public alert and warning system 
        and how to access, use, and respond to information from 
        the public alert and warning system through a general 
        market awareness campaign;
            (7) consult, coordinate, and cooperate with the 
        appropriate private sector entities and Federal, State, 
        tribal, and local governmental authorities, including 
        the Regional Administrators and emergency response 
        providers;
            (8) consult and coordinate with the Federal 
        Communications Commission, taking into account rules 
        and regulations promulgated by the Federal 
        Communications Commission; and
            (9) coordinate with and consider the 
        recommendations of the Integrated Public Alert and 
        Warning System Subcommittee established under section 
        2(b) of the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System 
        Modernization Act of 2015.
    (c) System Requirements.--The public alert and warning 
system shall--
            (1) to the extent determined appropriate by the 
        Administrator, incorporate multiple communications 
        technologies;
            (2) be designed to adapt to, and incorporate, 
        future technologies for communicating directly with the 
        public;
            (3) to the extent technically feasible, be 
        designed--
                    (A) to provide alerts to the largest 
                portion of the affected population feasible, 
                including nonresident visitors and tourists, 
                individuals with disabilities, individuals with 
                access and functional needs, and individuals 
                with limited-English proficiency; and
                    (B) to improve the ability of remote areas 
                to receive alerts;
            (4) promote local and regional public and private 
        partnerships to enhance community preparedness and 
        response;
            (5) provide redundant alert mechanisms where 
        practicable so as to reach the greatest number of 
        people; and
            (6) to the extent feasible, include a mechanism to 
        ensure the protection of individual privacy.
    (d) Use of System.--Except to the extent necessary for 
testing the public alert and warning system, the public alert 
and warning system shall not be used to transmit a message that 
does not relate to a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or 
other man-made disaster or threat to public safety.
    (e) Performance Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of the Integrated Public Alert and 
        Warning System Modernization Act of 2015, and annually 
        thereafter through 2018, the Administrator shall make 
        available on the public website of the Agency a 
        performance report, which shall--
                    (A) establish performance goals for the 
                implementation of the public alert and warning 
                system by the Agency;
                    (B) describe the performance of the public 
                alert and warning system, including--
                            (i) the type of technology used for 
                        alerts and warnings issued under the 
                        system;
                            (ii) the measures taken to alert, 
                        warn, and provide equivalent 
                        information to individuals with 
                        disabilities, individuals with access 
                        and function needs, and individuals 
                        with limited-English proficiency; and
                            (iii) the training, tests, and 
                        exercises performed and the outcomes 
                        obtained by the Agency;
                    (C) identify significant challenges to the 
                effective operation of the public alert and 
                warning system and any plans to address these 
                challenges;
                    (D) identify other necessary improvements 
                to the system; and
                    (E) provide an analysis comparing the 
                performance of the public alert and warning 
                system with the performance goals established 
                under subparagraph (A).
            (2) Congress.--The Administrator shall submit to 
        the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on 
        Homeland Security of the House of Representatives each 
        report required under paragraph (1).

SEC. 527. [6 U.S.C. 321P] NATIONAL PLANNING AND EDUCATION.

    The Secretary shall, to the extent practicable--
            (1) include in national planning frameworks the 
        threat of an EMP or GMD event; and
            (2) conduct outreach to educate owners and 
        operators of critical infrastructure, emergency 
        planners, and emergency response providers at all 
        levels of government regarding threats of EMP and GMD.

SEC. 528. [6 U.S.C. 321Q] COORDINATION OF DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND 
                    SECURITY EFFORTS RELATED TO FOOD, AGRICULTURE, AND 
                    VETERINARY DEFENSE AGAINST TERRORISM.

    (a) Program Required.--The Secretary, acting through the 
Assistant Secretary for the Countering Weapons of Mass 
Destruction Office, shall carry out a program to coordinate the 
Department's efforts related to defending the food, 
agriculture, and veterinary systems of the United States 
against terrorism and other high-consequence events that pose a 
high risk to homeland security.
    (b) Program Elements.--The coordination program required by 
subsection (a) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) Providing oversight and management of the 
        Department's responsibilities pursuant to Homeland 
        Security Presidential Directive 9-Defense of United 
        States Agriculture and Food.
            (2) Providing oversight and integration of the 
        Department's activities related to veterinary public 
        health, food defense, and agricultural security.
            (3) Leading the Department's policy initiatives 
        relating to food, animal, and agricultural incidents, 
        and the impact of such incidents on animal and public 
        health.
            (4) Leading the Department's policy initiatives 
        relating to overall domestic preparedness for and 
        collective response to agricultural terrorism.
            (5) Coordinating with other Department components, 
        including U.S. Customs and Border Protection, as 
        appropriate, on activities related to food and 
        agriculture security and screening procedures for 
        domestic and imported products.
            (6) Coordinating with appropriate Federal 
        departments and agencies.
            (7) Other activities as determined necessary by the 
        Secretary.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed as altering or superseding the authority of the 
Secretary of Agriculture or the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services.

   TITLE VI--TREATMENT OF CHARITABLE TRUSTS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
    FORCES OF THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

SEC. 601. [6 U.S.C. 331] TREATMENT OF CHARITABLE TRUSTS FOR MEMBERS OF 
                    THE ARMED FORCES OF THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER 
                    GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Members of the Armed Forces of the United 
        States defend the freedom and security of our Nation.
            (2) Members of the Armed Forces of the United 
        States have lost their lives while battling the evils 
        of terrorism around the world.
            (3) Personnel of the Central Intelligence Agency 
        (CIA) charged with the responsibility of covert 
        observation of terrorists around the world are often 
        put in harm's way during their service to the United 
        States.
            (4) Personnel of the Central Intelligence Agency 
        have also lost their lives while battling the evils of 
        terrorism around the world.
            (5) Employees of the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation (FBI) and other Federal agencies charged 
        with domestic protection of the United States put their 
        lives at risk on a daily basis for the freedom and 
        security of our Nation.
            (6) United States military personnel, CIA 
        personnel, FBI personnel, and other Federal agents in 
        the service of the United States are patriots of the 
        highest order.
            (7) CIA officer Johnny Micheal Spann became the 
        first American to give his life for his country in the 
        War on Terrorism declared by President George W. Bush 
        following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
            (8) Johnny Micheal Spann left behind a wife and 
        children who are very proud of the heroic actions of 
        their patriot father.
            (9) Surviving dependents of members of the Armed 
        Forces of the United States who lose their lives as a 
        result of terrorist attacks or military operations 
        abroad receive a $6,000 death benefit, plus a small 
        monthly benefit.
            (10) The current system of compensating spouses and 
        children of American patriots is inequitable and needs 
        improvement.
    (b) Designation of Johnny Micheal Spann Patriot Trusts.--
Any charitable corporation, fund, foundation, or trust (or 
separate fund or account thereof) which otherwise meets all 
applicable requirements under law with respect to charitable 
entities and meets the requirements described in subsection (c) 
shall be eligible to characterize itself as a ``Johnny Micheal 
Spann Patriot Trust''.
    (c) Requirements for the Designation of Johnny Micheal 
Spann Patriot Trusts.--The requirements described in this 
subsection are as follows:
            (1) Not taking into account funds or donations 
        reasonably necessary to establish a trust, at least 85 
        percent of all funds or donations (including any 
        earnings on the investment of such funds or donations) 
        received or collected by any Johnny Micheal Spann 
        Patriot Trust must be distributed to (or, if placed in 
        a private foundation, held in trust for) surviving 
        spouses, children, or dependent parents, grandparents, 
        or siblings of 1 or more of the following:
                    (A) members of the Armed Forces of the 
                United States;
                    (B) personnel, including contractors, of 
                elements of the intelligence community, as 
                defined in section 3(4) of the National 
                Security Act of 1947;
                    (C) employees of the Federal Bureau of 
                Investigation; and
                    (D) officers, employees, or contract 
                employees of the United States Government,
        whose deaths occur in the line of duty and arise out of 
        terrorist attacks, military operations, intelligence 
        operations, or law enforcement operations or accidents 
        connected with activities occurring after September 11, 
        2001, and related to domestic or foreign efforts to 
        curb international terrorism, including the 
        Authorization for Use of Military Force (Public Law 
        107-40; 115 Stat. 224).
            (2) Other than funds or donations reasonably 
        necessary to establish a trust, not more than 15 
        percent of all funds or donations (or 15 percent of 
        annual earnings on funds invested in a private 
        foundation) may be used for administrative purposes.
            (3) No part of the net earnings of any Johnny 
        Micheal Spann Patriot Trust may inure to the benefit of 
        any individual based solely on the position of such 
        individual as a shareholder, an officer or employee of 
        such Trust.
            (4) None of the activities of any Johnny Micheal 
        Spann Patriot Trust shall be conducted in a manner 
        inconsistent with any law that prohibits attempting to 
        influence legislation.
            (5) No Johnny Micheal Spann Patriot Trust may 
        participate in or intervene in any political campaign 
        on behalf of (or in opposition to) any candidate for 
        public office, including by publication or distribution 
        of statements.
            (6) Each Johnny Micheal Spann Patriot Trust shall 
        comply with the instructions and directions of the 
        Director of Central Intelligence, the Attorney General, 
        or the Secretary of Defense relating to the protection 
        of intelligence sources and methods, sensitive law 
        enforcement information, or other sensitive national 
        security information, including methods for 
        confidentially disbursing funds.
            (7) Each Johnny Micheal Spann Patriot Trust that 
        receives annual contributions totaling more than 
        $1,000,000 must be audited annually by an independent 
        certified public accounting firm. Such audits shall be 
        filed with the Internal Revenue Service, and shall be 
        open to public inspection, except that the conduct, 
        filing, and availability of the audit shall be 
        consistent with the protection of intelligence sources 
        and methods, of sensitive law enforcement information, 
        and of other sensitive national security information.
            (8) Each Johnny Micheal Spann Patriot Trust shall 
        make distributions to beneficiaries described in 
        paragraph (1) at least once every calendar year, 
        beginning not later than 12 months after the formation 
        of such Trust, and all funds and donations received and 
        earnings not placed in a private foundation dedicated 
        to such beneficiaries must be distributed within 36 
        months after the end of the fiscal year in which such 
        funds, donations, and earnings are received.
            (9)(A) When determining the amount of a 
        distribution to any beneficiary described in paragraph 
        (1), a Johnny Micheal Spann Patriot Trust should take 
        into account the amount of any collateral source 
        compensation that the beneficiary has received or is 
        entitled to receive as a result of the death of an 
        individual described in paragraph (1).
            (B) Collateral source compensation includes all 
        compensation from collateral sources, including life 
        insurance, pension funds, death benefit programs, and 
        payments by Federal, State, or local governments 
        related to the death of an individual described in 
        paragraph (1).
    (d) Treatment of Johnny Micheal Spann Patriot Trusts.--Each 
Johnny Micheal Spann Patriot Trust shall refrain from 
conducting the activities described in clauses (i) and (ii) of 
section 301(20)(A) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 
so that a general solicitation of funds by an individual 
described in paragraph (1) of section 323(e) of such Act will 
be permissible if such solicitation meets the requirements of 
paragraph (4)(A) of such section.
    (e) Notification of Trust Beneficiaries.--Notwithstanding 
any other provision of law, and in a manner consistent with the 
protection of intelligence sources and methods and sensitive 
law enforcement information, and other sensitive national 
security information, the Secretary of Defense, the Director of 
the Federal Bureau of Investigation, or the Director of Central 
Intelligence, or their designees, as applicable, may forward 
information received from an executor, administrator, or other 
legal representative of the estate of a decedent described in 
subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D) of subsection (c)(1), to a 
Johnny Micheal Spann Patriot Trust on how to contact 
individuals eligible for a distribution under subsection (c)(1) 
for the purpose of providing assistance from such Trust: 
Provided, That, neither forwarding nor failing to forward any 
information under this subsection shall create any cause of 
action against any Federal department, agency, officer, agent, 
or employee.
    (f) Regulations.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Attorney General, the Director of the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Director of Central 
Intelligence, shall prescribe regulations to carry out this 
section.

                         TITLE VII--MANAGEMENT

SEC. 701. [6 U.S.C. 341] UNDER SECRETARY FOR MANAGEMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary for Management shall 
serve as the Chief Management Officer and principal advisor to 
the Secretary on matters related to the management of the 
Department, including management integration and transformation 
in support of homeland security operations and programs. The 
Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for Management, 
shall be responsible for the management and administration of 
the Department, including the following:
            (1) The budget, appropriations, expenditures of 
        funds, accounting, and finance.
            (2) Procurement.
            (3) Human resources and personnel.
            (4) Information technology and communications 
        systems, including policies and directives to achieve 
        and maintain interoperable communications among the 
        components of the Department.
            (5) Facilities, property, equipment, vehicle fleets 
        (under subsection (c)), and other material resources.
            (6) Security for personnel, information technology 
        and communications systems, facilities, property, 
        equipment, and other material resources.
            (7) Strategic management planning and annual 
        performance planning and identification and tracking of 
        performance measures relating to the responsibilities 
        of the Department.
            (8) Grants and other assistance management 
        programs.
            (9) The management integration and transformation 
        within each functional management discipline of the 
        Department, including information technology, financial 
        management, acquisition management, and human capital 
        management, to ensure an efficient and orderly 
        consolidation of functions and personnel in the 
        Department, including--
                    (A) the development of centralized data 
                sources and connectivity of information systems 
                to the greatest extent practicable to enhance 
                program visibility, transparency, and 
                operational effectiveness and coordination;
                    (B) the development of standardized and 
                automated management information to manage and 
                oversee programs and make informed decisions to 
                improve the efficiency of the Department;
                    (C) the development of effective program 
                management and regular oversight mechanisms, 
                including clear roles and processes for program 
                governance, sharing of best practices, and 
                access to timely, reliable, and evaluated data 
                on all acquisitions and investments; and
                    (D) the overall supervision, including the 
                conduct of internal audits and management 
                analyses, of the programs and activities of the 
                Department, including establishment of 
                oversight procedures to ensure a full and 
                effective review of the efforts by components 
                of the Department to implement policies and 
                procedures of the Department for management 
                integration and transformation.
            (10) The development of a transition and succession 
        plan, before December 1 of each year in which a 
        Presidential election is held, to guide the transition 
        of Department functions to a new Presidential 
        administration, and making such plan available to the 
        next Secretary and Under Secretary for Management and 
        to the congressional homeland security committees.
            (11) Reporting to the Government Accountability 
        Office every six months to demonstrate measurable, 
        sustainable progress made in implementing the 
        corrective action plans of the Department to address 
        the designation of the management functions of the 
        Department on the bi-annual high risk list of the 
        Government Accountability Office, until the Comptroller 
        General of the United States submits to the appropriate 
        congressional committees written notification of 
        removal of the high-risk designation.
            (12) The conduct of internal audits and management 
        analyses of the programs and activities of the 
        Department.
            (13) Any other management duties that the Secretary 
        may designate.
    (b) Waivers for Conducting Business With Suspended or 
Debarred Contractors.--Not later than five days after the date 
on which the Chief Procurement Officer or Chief Financial 
Officer of the Department issues a waiver of the requirement 
that an agency not engage in business with a contractor or 
other recipient of funds listed as a party suspended or 
debarred from receiving contracts, grants, or other types of 
Federal assistance in the System for Award Management 
maintained by the General Services Administration, or any 
successor thereto, the Under Secretary for Management shall 
submit to the congressional homeland security committees and 
the Inspector General of the Department notice of the waiver 
and an explanation of the finding by the Under Secretary that a 
compelling reason exists for the waiver.
    (c) Vehicle Fleets.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out responsibilities 
        regarding vehicle fleets pursuant to subsection (a)(5), 
        the Under Secretary for Management shall be responsible 
        for overseeing and managing vehicle fleets throughout 
        the Department. The Under Secretary shall also be 
        responsible for the following:
                    (A) Ensuring that components are in 
                compliance with Federal law, Federal 
                regulations, executive branch guidance, and 
                Department policy (including associated 
                guidance) relating to fleet management and use 
                of vehicles from home to work.
                    (B) Developing and distributing a 
                standardized vehicle allocation methodology and 
                fleet management plan for components to use to 
                determine optimal fleet size in accordance with 
                paragraph (4).
                    (C) Ensuring that components formally 
                document fleet management decisions.
                    (D) Approving component fleet management 
                plans, vehicle leases, and vehicle 
                acquisitions.
            (2) Component responsibilities.--
                    (A) In general.--Component heads--
                            (i) shall--
                                    (I) comply with Federal 
                                law, Federal regulations, 
                                executive branch guidance, and 
                                Department policy (including 
                                associated guidance) relating 
                                to fleet management and use of 
                                vehicles from home to work;
                                    (II) ensure that data 
                                related to fleet management is 
                                accurate and reliable;
                                    (III) use such data to 
                                develop a vehicle allocation 
                                tool derived by using the 
                                standardized vehicle allocation 
                                methodology provided by the 
                                Under Secretary for Management 
                                to determine the optimal fleet 
                                size for the next fiscal year 
                                and a fleet management plan; 
                                and
                                    (IV) use vehicle allocation 
                                methodologies and fleet 
                                management plans to develop 
                                annual requests for funding to 
                                support vehicle fleets pursuant 
                                to paragraph (6); and
                            (ii) may not, except as provided in 
                        subparagraph (B), lease or acquire new 
                        vehicles or replace existing vehicles 
                        without prior approval from the Under 
                        Secretary for Management pursuant to 
                        paragraph (5)(B).
                    (B) Exception regarding certain leasing and 
                acquisitions.--If exigent circumstances warrant 
                such, a component head may lease or acquire a 
                new vehicle or replace an existing vehicle 
                without prior approval from the Under Secretary 
                for Management. If under such exigent 
                circumstances a component head so leases, 
                acquires, or replaces a vehicle, such component 
                head shall provide to the Under Secretary an 
                explanation of such circumstances.
            (3) Ongoing oversight.--
                    (A) Quarterly monitoring.--In accordance 
                with paragraph (4), the Under Secretary for 
                Management shall collect, on a quarterly basis, 
                information regarding component vehicle fleets, 
                including information on fleet size, 
                composition, cost, and vehicle utilization.
                    (B) Automated information.--The Under 
                Secretary for Management shall seek to achieve 
                a capability to collect, on a quarterly basis, 
                automated information regarding component 
                vehicle fleets, including the number of trips, 
                miles driven, hours and days used, and the 
                associated costs of such mileage for leased 
                vehicles.
                    (C) Monitoring.--The Under Secretary for 
                Management shall track and monitor component 
                information provided pursuant to subparagraph 
                (A) and, as appropriate, subparagraph (B), to 
                ensure that component vehicle fleets are the 
                optimal fleet size and cost effective. The 
                Under Secretary shall use such information to 
                inform the annual component fleet analyses 
                referred to in paragraph (4).
            (4) Annual review of component fleet analyses.--
                    (A) In general.--To determine the optimal 
                fleet size and associated resources needed for 
                each fiscal year beginning with fiscal year 
                2018, component heads shall annually submit to 
                the Under Secretary for Management a vehicle 
                allocation tool and fleet management plan using 
                information described in paragraph (3)(A). Such 
                tools and plans may be submitted in classified 
                form if a component head determines that such 
                is necessary to protect operations or mission 
                requirements.
                    (B) Vehicle allocation tool.--Component 
                heads shall develop a vehicle allocation tool 
                in accordance with subclause (III) of paragraph 
                (2)(A)(i) that includes an analysis of the 
                following:
                            (i) Vehicle utilization data, 
                        including the number of trips, miles 
                        driven, hours and days used, and the 
                        associated costs of such mileage for 
                        leased vehicles, in accordance with 
                        such paragraph.
                            (ii) The role of vehicle fleets in 
                        supporting mission requirements for 
                        each component.
                            (iii) Any other information 
                        determined relevant by such component 
                        heads.
                    (C) Fleet management plans.--Component 
                heads shall use information described in 
                subparagraph (B) to develop a fleet management 
                plan for each such component. Such fleet 
                management plans shall include the following:
                            (i) A plan for how each such 
                        component may achieve optimal fleet 
                        size determined by the vehicle 
                        allocation tool required under such 
                        subparagraph, including the elimination 
                        of excess vehicles in accordance with 
                        paragraph (5), if applicable.
                            (ii) A cost benefit analysis 
                        supporting such plan.
                            (iii) A schedule each such 
                        component will follow to obtain optimal 
                        fleet size.
                            (iv) Any other information 
                        determined relevant by component heads.
                    (D) Review.--The Under Secretary for 
                Management shall review and make a 
                determination on the results of each 
                component's vehicle allocation tool and fleet 
                management plan under this paragraph to ensure 
                each such component's vehicle fleets are the 
                optimal fleet size and that components are in 
                compliance with applicable Federal law, Federal 
                regulations, executive branch guidance, and 
                Department policy (including associated 
                guidance) pursuant to paragraph (2) relating to 
                fleet management and use of vehicles from home 
                to work. The Under Secretary shall use such 
                tools and plans when reviewing annual component 
                requests for vehicle fleet funding in 
                accordance with paragraph (6).
            (5) Guidance to develop fleet management plans.--
        The Under Secretary for Management shall provide 
        guidance, pursuant to paragraph (1)(B) on how component 
        heads may achieve optimal fleet size in accordance with 
        paragraph (4), including processes for the following:
                    (A) Leasing or acquiring additional 
                vehicles or replacing existing vehicles, if 
                determined necessary.
                    (B) Disposing of excess vehicles that the 
                Under Secretary determines should not be 
                reallocated under subparagraph (C).
                    (C) Reallocating excess vehicles to other 
                components that may need temporary or long-term 
                use of additional vehicles.
            (6) Annual review of vehicle fleet funding 
        requests.--As part of the annual budget process, the 
        Under Secretary for Management shall review and make 
        determinations regarding annual component requests for 
        funding for vehicle fleets. If component heads have not 
        taken steps in furtherance of achieving optimal fleet 
        size in the prior fiscal year pursuant to paragraphs 
        (4) and (5), the Under Secretary shall provide 
        rescission recommendations to the Committee on 
        Appropriations and the Committee on Homeland Security 
        of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Appropriations and the Committee on Homeland Security 
        and Governmental Affairs of the Senate regarding such 
        component vehicle fleets.
            (7) Accountability for vehicle fleet management.--
                    (A) Prohibition on certain new vehicle 
                leases and acquisitions.--The Under Secretary 
                for Management and component heads may not 
                approve in any fiscal year beginning with 
                fiscal year 2019 a vehicle lease, acquisition, 
                or replacement request if such component heads 
                did not comply in the prior fiscal year with 
                paragraph (4).
                    (B) Prohibition on certain performance 
                compensation.--No Department official with 
                vehicle fleet management responsibilities may 
                receive annual performance compensation in pay 
                in any fiscal year beginning with fiscal year 
                2019 if such official did not comply in the 
                prior fiscal year with paragraph (4).
                    (C) Prohibition on certain car services.--
                Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no 
                senior executive service official of the 
                Department whose office has a vehicle fleet may 
                receive access to a car service in any fiscal 
                year beginning with fiscal year 2019 if such 
                official did not comply in the prior fiscal 
                year with paragraph (4).
            (8) Motor pool.--
                    (A) In general.--The Under Secretary for 
                Management may determine the feasibility of 
                operating a vehicle motor pool to permit 
                components to share vehicles as necessary to 
                support mission requirements to reduce the 
                number of excess vehicles in the Department.
                    (B) Requirements.--The determination of 
                feasibility of operating a vehicle motor pool 
                under subparagraph (A) shall--
                            (i) include--
                                    (I) regions in the United 
                                States in which multiple 
                                components with vehicle fleets 
                                are located in proximity to one 
                                another, or a significant 
                                number of employees with 
                                authorization to use vehicles 
                                are located; and
                                    (II) law enforcement 
                                vehicles;
                            (ii) cover the National Capital 
                        Region; and
                            (iii) take into account different 
                        mission requirements.
                    (C) Report.--The Secretary shall include in 
                the Department's next annual performance report 
                required under current law the results of the 
                determination under this paragraph.
            (9) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Component head.--The term ``component 
                head'' means the head of any component of the 
                Department with a vehicle fleet.
                    (B) Excess vehicle.--The term ``excess 
                vehicle'' means any vehicle that is not 
                essential to support mission requirements of a 
                component.
                    (C) Optimal fleet size.--The term ``optimal 
                fleet size'' means, with respect to a 
                particular component, the appropriate number of 
                vehicles to support mission requirements of 
                such component.
                    (D) Vehicle fleet.--The term ``vehicle 
                fleet'' means all owned, commercially leased, 
                or Government-leased vehicles of the Department 
                or of a component of the Department, as the 
                case may be, including vehicles used for law 
                enforcement and other purposes.
    (d) Appointment and Evaluation.--The Under Secretary for 
Management shall--
            (1) be appointed by the President, by and with the 
        advice and consent of the Senate, from among persons 
        who have--
                    (A) extensive executive level leadership 
                and management experience in the public or 
                private sector;
                    (B) strong leadership skills;
                    (C) a demonstrated ability to manage large 
                and complex organizations; and
                    (D) a proven record in achieving positive 
                operational results;
            (2) enter into an annual performance agreement with 
        the Secretary that shall set forth measurable 
        individual and organizational goals; and
            (3) be subject to an annual performance evaluation 
        by the Secretary, who shall determine as part of each 
        such evaluation whether the Under Secretary for 
        Management has made satisfactory progress toward 
        achieving the goals set out in the performance 
        agreement required under paragraph (2).
    (e) \6\ System for Award Management Consultation.--The 
Under Secretary for Management shall require that all 
Department contracting and grant officials consult the System 
for Award Management (or successor system) as maintained by the 
General Services Administration prior to awarding a contract or 
grant or entering into other transactions to ascertain whether 
the selected contractor is excluded from receiving Federal 
contracts, certain subcontracts, and certain types of Federal 
financial and non-financial assistance and benefits.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \6\ Two subsection (e)s' in section 701 is so in law. See 
amendments made by section 1903(b)(3), (4) of Public Law 114-328 (130 
Stat. 2674) and section 2(2), (3) of Public Law 115-38.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (e) \6\ Interoperable Communications Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``interoperable communications'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 7303(g) of the Intelligence 
Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 194(g)).

SEC. 702. [6 U.S.C. 342] CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER.

    (a) In General.--The Chief Financial Officer shall perform 
functions as specified in chapter 9 of title 31, United States 
Code, and, with respect to all such functions and other 
responsibilities that may be assigned to the Chief Financial 
Officer from time to time, shall also report to the Under 
Secretary for Management.
    (b) Program Analysis and Evaluation Function.--
            (1) Establishment of office of program analysis and 
        evaluation.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        establish an Office of Program Analysis and Evaluation 
        within the Department (in this section referred to as 
        the ``Office'').
            (2) Responsibilities.--The Office shall perform the 
        following functions:
                    (A) Analyze and evaluate plans, programs, 
                and budgets of the Department in relation to 
                United States homeland security objectives, 
                projected threats, vulnerability assessments, 
                estimated costs, resource constraints, and the 
                most recent homeland security strategy 
                developed pursuant to section 874(b)(2).
                    (B) Develop and perform analyses and 
                evaluations of alternative plans, programs, 
                personnel levels, and budget submissions for 
                the Department in relation to United States 
                homeland security objectives, projected 
                threats, vulnerability assessments, estimated 
                costs, resource constraints, and the most 
                recent homeland security strategy developed 
                pursuant to section 874(b)(2).
                    (C) Establish policies for, and oversee the 
                integration of, the planning, programming, and 
                budgeting system of the Department.
                    (D) Review and ensure that the Department 
                meets performance-based budget requirements 
                established by the Office of Management and 
                Budget.
                    (E) Provide guidance for, and oversee the 
                development of, the Future Years Homeland 
                Security Program of the Department, as 
                specified under section 874.
                    (F) Ensure that the costs of Department 
                programs, including classified programs, are 
                presented accurately and completely.
                    (G) Oversee the preparation of the annual 
                performance plan for the Department and the 
                program and performance section of the annual 
                report on program performance for the 
                Department, consistent with sections 1115 and 
                1116, respectively, of title 31, United States 
                Code.
                    (H) Provide leadership in developing and 
                promoting improved analytical tools and methods 
                for analyzing homeland security planning and 
                the allocation of resources.
                    (I) Any other responsibilities delegated by 
                the Secretary consistent with an effective 
                program analysis and evaluation function.
            (3) Director of program analysis and evaluation.--
        There shall be a Director of Program Analysis and 
        Evaluation, who--
                    (A) shall be a principal staff assistant to 
                the Chief Financial Officer of the Department 
                for program analysis and evaluation; and
                    (B) shall report to an official no lower 
                than the Chief Financial Officer.
            (4) Reorganization.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary may allocate 
                or reallocate the functions of the Office, or 
                discontinue the Office, in accordance with 
                section 872(a).
                    (B) Exemption from limitations.--Section 
                872(b) shall not apply to any action by the 
                Secretary under this paragraph.
    (c) Notification Regarding Transfer or Reprogramming of 
Funds.--In any case in which appropriations available to the 
Department or any officer of the Department are transferred or 
reprogrammed and notice of such transfer or reprogramming is 
submitted to the Congress (including any officer, office, or 
Committee of the Congress), the Chief Financial Officer of the 
Department shall simultaneously submit such notice to the 
Select Committee on Homeland Security (or any successor to the 
jurisdiction of that committee) and the Committee on Government 
Reform of the House of Representatives, and to the Committee on 
Governmental Affairs of the Senate.

SEC. 703. [6 U.S.C. 343] CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER.

    (a) In General.--The Chief Information Officer shall report 
to the Secretary, or to another official of the Department, as 
the Secretary may direct.
    (b) Geospatial Information Functions.--
            (1) Definitions.--As used in this subsection:
                    (A) Geospatial information.--The term 
                ``geospatial information'' means graphical or 
                digital data depicting natural or manmade 
                physical features, phenomena, or boundaries of 
                the earth and any information related thereto, 
                including surveys, maps, charts, remote sensing 
                data, and images.
                    (B) Geospatial technology.--The term 
                ``geospatial technology'' means any technology 
                utilized by analysts, specialists, surveyors, 
                photogrammetrists, hydrographers, geodesists, 
                cartographers, architects, or engineers for the 
                collection, storage, retrieval, or 
                dissemination of geospatial information, 
                including--
                            (i) global satellite surveillance 
                        systems;
                            (ii) global position systems;
                            (iii) geographic information 
                        systems;
                            (iv) mapping equipment;
                            (v) geocoding technology; and
                            (vi) remote sensing devices.
            (2) Office of geospatial management.--
                    (A) Establishment.--The Office of 
                Geospatial Management is established within the 
                Office of the Chief Information Officer.
                    (B) Geospatial information officer.--
                            (i) Appointment.--The Office of 
                        Geospatial Management shall be 
                        administered by the Geospatial 
                        Information Officer, who shall be 
                        appointed by the Secretary and serve 
                        under the direction of the Chief 
                        Information Officer.
                            (ii) Functions.--The Geospatial 
                        Information Officer shall assist the 
                        Chief Information Officer in carrying 
                        out all functions under this section 
                        and in coordinating the geospatial 
                        information needs of the Department.
                    (C) Coordination of geospatial 
                information.--The Chief Information Officer 
                shall establish and carry out a program to 
                provide for the efficient use of geospatial 
                information, which shall include--
                            (i) providing such geospatial 
                        information as may be necessary to 
                        implement the critical infrastructure 
                        protection programs;
                            (ii) providing leadership and 
                        coordination in meeting the geospatial 
                        information requirements of those 
                        responsible for planning, prevention, 
                        mitigation, assessment and response to 
                        emergencies, critical infrastructure 
                        protection, and other functions of the 
                        Department; and
                            (iii) coordinating with users of 
                        geospatial information within the 
                        Department to assure interoperability 
                        and prevent unnecessary duplication.
                    (D) Responsibilities.--In carrying out this 
                subsection, the responsibilities of the Chief 
                Information Officer shall include--
                            (i) coordinating the geospatial 
                        information needs and activities of the 
                        Department;
                            (ii) implementing standards, as 
                        adopted by the Director of the Office 
                        of Management and Budget under the 
                        processes established under section 216 
                        of the E-Government Act of 2002 (44 
                        U.S.C. 3501 note), to facilitate the 
                        interoperability of geospatial 
                        information pertaining to homeland 
                        security among all users of such 
                        information within--
                                    (I) the Department;
                                    (II) State and local 
                                government; and
                                    (III) the private sector;
                            (iii) coordinating with the Federal 
                        Geographic Data Committee and carrying 
                        out the responsibilities of the 
                        Department pursuant to Office of 
                        Management and Budget Circular A-16 and 
                        Executive Order 12906; and
                            (iv) making recommendations to the 
                        Secretary and the Executive Director of 
                        the Office for State and Local 
                        Government Coordination and 
                        Preparedness on awarding grants to--
                                    (I) fund the creation of 
                                geospatial data; and
                                    (II) execute information 
                                sharing agreements regarding 
                                geospatial data with State, 
                                local, and tribal governments.
            (3) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
        necessary to carry out this subsection for each fiscal 
        year.

SEC. 704. [6 U.S.C. 344] CHIEF HUMAN CAPITAL OFFICER.

    (a) In General.--The Chief Human Capital Officer shall 
report directly to the Under Secretary for Management.
    (b) Responsibilities.--In addition to the responsibilities 
set forth in chapter 14 of title 5, United States Code, and 
other applicable law, the Chief Human Capital Officer of the 
Department shall--
            (1) develop and implement strategic workforce 
        planning policies that are consistent with Government-
        wide leading principles and in line with Department 
        strategic human capital goals and priorities, taking 
        into account the special requirements of members of the 
        Armed Forces serving in the Coast Guard;
            (2) develop performance measures to provide a basis 
        for monitoring and evaluating Department-wide strategic 
        workforce planning efforts;
            (3) develop, improve, and implement policies, 
        including compensation flexibilities available to 
        Federal agencies where appropriate, to recruit, hire, 
        train, and retain the workforce of the Department, in 
        coordination with all components of the Department;
            (4) identify methods for managing and overseeing 
        human capital programs and initiatives, in coordination 
        with the head of each component of the Department;
            (5) develop a career path framework and create 
        opportunities for leader development in coordination 
        with all components of the Department;
            (6) lead the efforts of the Department for managing 
        employee resources, including training and development 
        opportunities, in coordination with each component of 
        the Department;
            (7) work to ensure the Department is implementing 
        human capital programs and initiatives and effectively 
        educating each component of the Department about these 
        programs and initiatives;
            (8) identify and eliminate unnecessary and 
        duplicative human capital policies and guidance;
            (9) provide input concerning the hiring and 
        performance of the Chief Human Capital Officer or 
        comparable official in each component of the 
        Department; and
            (10) ensure that all employees of the Department 
        are informed of their rights and remedies under 
        chapters 12 and 23 of title 5, United States Code.
    (c) Component Strategies.--
            (1) In general.--Each component of the Department 
        shall, in coordination with the Chief Human Capital 
        Officer of the Department, develop a 5-year workforce 
        strategy for the component that will support the goals, 
        objectives, and performance measures of the Department 
        for determining the proper balance of Federal employees 
        and private labor resources.
            (2) Strategy requirements.--In developing the 
        strategy required under paragraph (1), each component 
        shall consider the effect on human resources associated 
        with creating additional Federal full-time equivalent 
        positions, converting private contractors to Federal 
        employees, or relying on the private sector for goods 
        and services.
    (d) Annual Submission.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date on which the Secretary submits the annual budget 
justification for the Department, the Secretary shall submit to 
the congressional homeland security committees a report that 
includes a table, delineated by component with actual and 
enacted amounts, including--
            (1) information on the progress within the 
        Department of fulfilling the workforce strategies 
        developed under subsection (c);
            (2) the number of on-board staffing for Federal 
        employees from the prior fiscal year;
            (3) the total contract hours submitted by each 
        prime contractor as part of the service contract 
        inventory required under section 743 of the Financial 
        Services and General Government Appropriations Act, 
        2010 (division C of Public Law 111-117; 31 U.S.C. 501 
        note); and
            (4) the number of full-time equivalent personnel 
        identified under the Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 
        1970 (42 U.S.C. 4701 et seq.).
    (e) Limitation.--Nothing in this section overrides or 
otherwise affects the requirements specified in section 888.

SEC. 705. [6 U.S.C. 345] ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICER FOR CIVIL RIGHTS AND 
                    CIVIL LIBERTIES.

    (a) In General.--The Officer for Civil Rights and Civil 
Liberties, who shall report directly to the Secretary, shall--
            (1) review and assess information concerning abuses 
        of civil rights, civil liberties, and profiling on the 
        basis of race, ethnicity, or religion, by employees and 
        officials of the Department;
            (2) make public through the Internet, radio, 
        television, or newspaper advertisements information on 
        the responsibilities and functions of, and how to 
        contact, the Officer;
            (3) assist the Secretary, directorates, and offices 
        of the Department to develop, implement, and 
        periodically review Department policies and procedures 
        to ensure that the protection of civil rights and civil 
        liberties is appropriately incorporated into Department 
        programs and activities;
            (4) oversee compliance with constitutional, 
        statutory, regulatory, policy, and other requirements 
        relating to the civil rights and civil liberties of 
        individuals affected by the programs and activities of 
        the Department;
            (5) coordinate with the Privacy Officer to ensure 
        that--
                    (A) programs, policies, and procedures 
                involving civil rights, civil liberties, and 
                privacy considerations are addressed in an 
                integrated and comprehensive manner; and
                    (B) Congress receives appropriate reports 
                regarding such programs, policies, and 
                procedures; and
            (6) investigate complaints and information 
        indicating possible abuses of civil rights or civil 
        liberties, unless the Inspector General of the 
        Department determines that any such complaint or 
        information should be investigated by the Inspector 
        General.
            (b) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of 
        Representatives, and the appropriate committees and 
        subcommittees of Congress on an annual basis a report 
        on the implementation of this section, including the 
        use of funds appropriated to carry out this section, 
        and detailing any allegations of abuses described under 
        subsection (a)(1) and any actions taken by the 
        Department in response to such allegations.

SEC. 706. [6 U.S.C. 346] CONSOLIDATION AND CO-LOCATION OF OFFICES.

     Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall develop and submit to Congress a 
plan for consolidating and co-locating--
            (1) any regional offices or field offices of 
        agencies that are transferred to the Department under 
        this Act, if such officers are located in the same 
        municipality; and
            (2) portions of regional and field offices of other 
        Federal agencies, to the extent such offices perform 
        functions that are transferred to the Secretary under 
        this Act.

SEC. 707. [6 U.S.C. 347] QUADRENNIAL HOMELAND SECURITY REVIEW.

    (a) Requirement.--
            (1) Quadrennial reviews required.--In fiscal year 
        2009, and every 4 years thereafter, the Secretary shall 
        conduct a review of the homeland security of the Nation 
        (in this section referred to as a ``quadrennial 
        homeland security review'').
            (2) Scope of reviews.--Each quadrennial homeland 
        security review shall be a comprehensive examination of 
        the homeland security strategy of the Nation, including 
        recommendations regarding the long-term strategy and 
        priorities of the Nation for homeland security and 
        guidance on the programs, assets, capabilities, budget, 
        policies, and authorities of the Department.
            (3) Consultation.--The Secretary shall conduct each 
        quadrennial homeland security review under this 
        subsection in consultation with--
                    (A) the heads of other Federal agencies, 
                including the Attorney General, the Secretary 
                of State, the Secretary of Defense, the 
                Secretary of Health and Human Services, the 
                Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of 
                Agriculture, and the Director of National 
                Intelligence;
                    (B) key officials of the Department, 
                including the Under Secretary for Strategy, 
                Policy, and Plans; and
                    (C) other relevant governmental and 
                nongovernmental entities, including State, 
                local, and tribal government officials, members 
                of Congress, private sector representatives, 
                academics, and other policy experts.
            (4) Relationship with future years homeland 
        security program.--The Secretary shall ensure that each 
        review conducted under this section is coordinated with 
        the Future Years Homeland Security Program required 
        under section 874.
    (b) Contents of Review.--In each quadrennial homeland 
security review, the Secretary shall--
            (1) delineate and update, as appropriate, the 
        national homeland security strategy, consistent with 
        appropriate national and Department strategies, 
        strategic plans, and Homeland Security Presidential 
        Directives, including the National Strategy for 
        Homeland Security, the National Response Plan, and the 
        Department Security Strategic Plan;
            (2) outline and prioritize the full range of the 
        critical homeland security mission areas of the Nation;
            (3) describe the interagency cooperation, 
        preparedness of Federal response assets, 
        infrastructure, budget plan, and other elements of the 
        homeland security program and policies of the Nation 
        associated with the national homeland security 
        strategy, required to execute successfully the full 
        range of missions called for in the national homeland 
        security strategy described in paragraph (1) and the 
        homeland security mission areas outlined under 
        paragraph (2);
            (4) identify the budget plan required to provide 
        sufficient resources to successfully execute the full 
        range of missions called for in the national homeland 
        security strategy described in paragraph (1) and the 
        homeland security mission areas outlined under 
        paragraph (2);
            (5) include an assessment of the organizational 
        alignment of the Department with the national homeland 
        security strategy referred to in paragraph (1) and the 
        homeland security mission areas outlined under 
        paragraph (2); and
            (6) review and assess the effectiveness of the 
        mechanisms of the Department for executing the process 
        of turning the requirements developed in the 
        quadrennial homeland security review into an 
        acquisition strategy and expenditure plan within the 
        Department.
    (c) Reporting.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 31 of the 
        year in which a quadrennial homeland security review is 
        conducted, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
        report regarding that quadrennial homeland security 
        review.
            (2) Contents of report.--Each report submitted 
        under paragraph (1) shall include--
                    (A) the results of the quadrennial homeland 
                security review;
                    (B) a description of the threats to the 
                assumed or defined national homeland security 
                interests of the Nation that were examined for 
                the purposes of that review;
                    (C) the national homeland security 
                strategy, including a prioritized list of the 
                critical homeland security missions of the 
                Nation;
                    (D) a description of the interagency 
                cooperation, preparedness of Federal response 
                assets, infrastructure, budget plan, and other 
                elements of the homeland security program and 
                policies of the Nation associated with the 
                national homeland security strategy, required 
                to execute successfully the full range of 
                missions called for in the applicable national 
                homeland security strategy referred to in 
                subsection (b)(1) and the homeland security 
                mission areas outlined under subsection (b)(2);
                    (E) an assessment of the organizational 
                alignment of the Department with the applicable 
                national homeland security strategy referred to 
                in subsection (b)(1) and the homeland security 
                mission areas outlined under subsection (b)(2), 
                including the Department's organizational 
                structure, management systems, budget and 
                accounting systems, human resources systems, 
                procurement systems, and physical and technical 
                infrastructure;
                    (F) a discussion of the status of 
                cooperation among Federal agencies in the 
                effort to promote national homeland security;
                    (G) a discussion of the status of 
                cooperation between the Federal Government and 
                State, local, and tribal governments in 
                preventing terrorist attacks and preparing for 
                emergency response to threats to national 
                homeland security;
                    (H) an explanation of any underlying 
                assumptions used in conducting the review; and
                    (I) any other matter the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
            (3) Public availability.--The Secretary shall, 
        consistent with the protection of national security and 
        other sensitive matters, make each report submitted 
        under paragraph (1) publicly available on the Internet 
        website of the Department.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out 
this section.

SEC. 708. [6 U.S.C. 348] JOINT TASK FORCES.

    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``situational 
awareness'' means knowledge and unified understanding of 
unlawful cross-border activity, including--
            (1) threats and trends concerning illicit 
        trafficking and unlawful crossings;
            (2) the ability to forecast future shifts in such 
        threats and trends;
            (3) the ability to evaluate such threats and trends 
        at a level sufficient to create actionable plans; and
            (4) the operational capability to conduct 
        continuous and integrated surveillance of the air, 
        land, and maritime borders of the United States.
    (b) Joint Task Forces.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Secretary may establish and 
        operate departmental Joint Task Forces to conduct joint 
        operations using personnel and capabilities of the 
        Department for the purposes specified in paragraph (2).
            (2) Purposes.--
                    (A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (B), the purposes referred to in paragraph (1) 
                are or relate to the following:
                            (i) Securing the land and maritime 
                        borders of the United States.
                            (ii) Homeland security crises.
                            (iii) Establishing regionally-based 
                        operations.
                    (B) Limitation.--
                            (i) In general.--The Secretary may 
                        not establish a Joint Task Force for 
                        any major disaster or emergency 
                        declared under the Robert T. Stafford 
                        Disaster Relief and Emergency 
                        Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.) 
                        or an incident for which the Federal 
                        Emergency Management Agency has primary 
                        responsibility for management of the 
                        response under title V of this Act, 
                        including section 504(a)(3)(A), unless 
                        the responsibilities of such a Joint 
                        Task Force--
                                    (I) do not include 
                                operational functions related 
                                to incident management, 
                                including coordination of 
                                operations; and
                                    (II) are consistent with 
                                the requirements of paragraphs 
                                (3) and (4)(A) of section 
                                503(c) and section 509(c) of 
                                this Act, and section 302 of 
                                the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
                                Relief and Emergency Assistance 
                                Act (42 U.S.C. 5143).
                            (ii) Responsibilities and functions 
                        not reduced.--Nothing in this section 
                        may be construed to reduce the 
                        responsibilities or functions of the 
                        Federal Emergency Management Agency or 
                        the Administrator of the Agency under 
                        title V of this Act or any other 
                        provision of law, including the 
                        diversion of any asset, function, or 
                        mission from the Agency or the 
                        Administrator of the Agency pursuant to 
                        section 506.
            (3) Joint task force directors.--
                    (A) Director.--Each Joint Task Force 
                established and operated pursuant to paragraph 
                (1) shall be headed by a Director, appointed by 
                the President, for a term of not more than two 
                years. The Secretary shall submit to the 
                President recommendations for such appointments 
                after consulting with the heads of the 
                components of the Department with membership on 
                any such Joint Task Force. Any Director 
                appointed by the President shall be--
                            (i) a current senior official of 
                        the Department with not less than one 
                        year of significant leadership 
                        experience at the Department; or
                            (ii) if no suitable candidate is 
                        available at the Department, an 
                        individual with--
                                    (I) not less than one year 
                                of significant leadership 
                                experience in a Federal agency 
                                since the establishment of the 
                                Department; and
                                    (II) a demonstrated ability 
                                in, knowledge of, and 
                                significant experience working 
                                on the issues to be addressed 
                                by any such Joint Task Force.
                    (B) Extension.--The Secretary may extend 
                the appointment of a Director of a Joint Task 
                Force under subparagraph (A) for not more than 
                two years if the Secretary determines that such 
                an extension is in the best interest of the 
                Department.
            (4) Joint task force deputy directors.--For each 
        Joint Task Force, the Secretary shall appoint a Deputy 
        Director who shall be an official of a different 
        component or office of the Department than the Director 
        of such Joint Task Force.
            (5) Responsibilities.--The Director of a Joint Task 
        Force, subject to the oversight, direction, and 
        guidance of the Secretary, shall--
                    (A) when established for the purpose 
                referred to in paragraph (2)(A)(i), maintain 
                situational awareness within the areas of 
                responsibility of the Joint Task Force, as 
                determined by the Secretary;
                    (B) provide operational plans and 
                requirements for standard operating procedures 
                and contingency operations within the areas of 
                responsibility of the Joint Task Force, as 
                determined by the Secretary;
                    (C) plan and execute joint task force 
                activities within the areas of responsibility 
                of the Joint Task Force, as determined by the 
                Secretary;
                    (D) set and accomplish strategic objectives 
                through integrated operational planning and 
                execution;
                    (E) exercise operational direction over 
                personnel and equipment from components and 
                offices of the Department allocated to the 
                Joint Task Force to accomplish the objectives 
                of the Joint Task Force;
                    (F) when established for the purpose 
                referred to in paragraph (2)(A)(i), establish 
                operational and investigative priorities within 
                the areas of responsibility of the Joint Task 
                Force, as determined by the Secretary;
                    (G) coordinate with foreign governments and 
                other Federal, State, and local agencies, as 
                appropriate, to carry out the mission of the 
                Joint Task Force; and
                    (H) carry out other duties and powers the 
                Secretary determines appropriate.
            (6) Personnel and resources.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary may, upon 
                request of the Director of a Joint Task Force, 
                and giving appropriate consideration of risk to 
                the other primary missions of the Department, 
                allocate to such Joint Task Force on a 
                temporary basis personnel and equipment of 
                components and offices of the Department.
                    (B) Cost neutrality.--A Joint Task Force 
                may not require more resources than would have 
                otherwise been required by the Department to 
                carry out the duties assigned to such Joint 
                Task Force if such Joint Task Force had not 
                been established.
                    (C) Location of operations.--In 
                establishing a location of operations for a 
                Joint Task Force, the Secretary shall, to the 
                extent practicable, use existing facilities 
                that integrate efforts of components of the 
                Department and State, local, tribal, or 
                territorial law enforcement or military 
                entities.
                    (D) Consideration of impact.--When 
                reviewing requests for allocation of component 
                personnel and equipment under subparagraph (A), 
                the Secretary shall consider the impact of such 
                allocation on the ability of the donating 
                component or office to carry out the primary 
                missions of the Department, and in the case of 
                the Coast Guard, the missions specified in 
                section 888.
                    (E) Limitation.--Personnel and equipment of 
                the Coast Guard allocated under this paragraph 
                may be used only to carry out operations and 
                investigations related to the missions 
                specified in section 888.
                    (F) Report.--The Secretary shall, at the 
                time the budget of the President is submitted 
                to Congress for a fiscal year under section 
                1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, submit 
                to the Committee on Homeland Security and the 
                Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
                of the House of Representatives and the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
                Affairs and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
                and Transportation of the Senate a report on 
                the total funding, personnel, and other 
                resources that each component or office of the 
                Department allocated under this paragraph to 
                each Joint Task Force to carry out the mission 
                of such Joint Task Force during the fiscal year 
                immediately preceding each such report, and a 
                description of the degree to which the 
                resources drawn from each component or office 
                impact the primary mission of such component or 
                office.
            (7) Component resource authority.--As directed by 
        the Secretary--
                    (A) each Director of a Joint Task Force 
                shall be provided sufficient resources from 
                relevant components and offices of the 
                Department and the authority necessary to carry 
                out the missions and responsibilities of such 
                Joint Task Force required under this section;
                    (B) the resources referred to in 
                subparagraph (A) shall be under the operational 
                authority, direction, and control of the 
                Director of the Joint Task Force to which such 
                resources are assigned; and
                    (C) the personnel and equipment of each 
                Joint Task Force shall remain under the 
                administrative direction of the head of the 
                component or office of the Department that 
                provided such personnel or equipment.
            (8) Joint task force staff.--Each Joint Task Force 
        shall have a staff, composed of officials from relevant 
        components and offices of the Department, to assist the 
        Director of such Joint Task Force in carrying out the 
        mission and responsibilities of such Joint Task Force.
            (9) Establishment of performance metrics.--The 
        Secretary shall--
                    (A) establish outcome-based and other 
                appropriate performance metrics to evaluate the 
                effectiveness of each Joint Task Force;
                    (B) not later than 120 days after the date 
                of the enactment of this section and 120 days 
                after the establishment of a new Joint Task 
                Force, as appropriate, submit to the Committee 
                on Homeland Security and the Committee on 
                Transportation and Infrastructure of the House 
                of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and 
                the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate the metrics 
                established under subparagraph (A).
                    (C) not later than January 31 of each year 
                beginning in 2017, submit to each committee 
                specified in subparagraph (B) a report that 
                contains the evaluation described in 
                subparagraph (A).
            (10) Joint duty training program.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                            (i) establish a joint duty training 
                        program in the Department for the 
                        purposes of--
                                    (I) enhancing coordination 
                                within the Department; and
                                    (II) promoting workforce 
                                professional development; and
                            (ii) tailor such joint duty 
                        training program to improve joint 
                        operations as part of the Joint Task 
                        Forces.
                    (B) Elements.--The joint duty training 
                program established under subparagraph (A) 
                shall address, at a minimum, the following 
                topics:
                            (i) National security strategy.
                            (ii) Strategic and contingency 
                        planning.
                            (iii) Command and control of 
                        operations under joint command.
                            (iv) International engagement.
                            (v) The homeland security 
                        enterprise.
                            (vi) Interagency collaboration.
                            (vii) Leadership.
                            (viii) Specific subject matters 
                        relevant to the Joint Task Force, 
                        including matters relating to the 
                        missions specified in section 888, to 
                        which the joint duty training program 
                        is assigned.
                    (C) Training required.--
                            (i) Directors and deputy 
                        directors.--Except as provided in 
                        clauses (iii) and (iv), an individual 
                        shall complete the joint duty training 
                        program before being appointed Director 
                        or Deputy Director of a Joint Task 
                        Force.
                            (ii) Joint task force staff.--Each 
                        official serving on the staff of a 
                        Joint Task Force shall complete the 
                        joint duty training program within the 
                        first year of assignment to such Joint 
                        Task Force.
                            (iii) Exception.--Clause (i) shall 
                        not apply to the first Director or 
                        Deputy Director appointed to a Joint 
                        Task Force on or after the date of the 
                        enactment of this section.
                            (iv) Waiver.--The Secretary may 
                        waive the application of clause (i) if 
                        the Secretary determines that such a 
                        waiver is in the interest of homeland 
                        security or necessary to carry out the 
                        mission for which a Joint Task Force 
                        was established.
            (11) Notification of joint task force formation.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days 
                before establishing a Joint Task Force under 
                this subsection, the Secretary shall submit to 
                the majority leader of the Senate, the minority 
                leader of the Senate, the Speaker of the House 
                of Representatives, the majority leader of the 
                House of Representatives, the minority leader 
                of the House of Representatives, and the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and the 
                Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
                of the House of Representatives and the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
                Affairs and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
                and Transportation of the Senate a notification 
                regarding such establishment.
                    (B) Waiver authority.--The Secretary may 
                waive the requirement under subparagraph (A) in 
                the event of an emergency circumstance that 
                imminently threatens the protection of human 
                life or property.
            (12) Review.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than January 31, 
                2018, and January 31, 2021, the Inspector 
                General of the Department shall submit to the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and the 
                Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
                of the House of Representatives and the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
                Affairs and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
                and Transportation of the Senate a review of 
                the Joint Task Forces established under this 
                subsection.
                    (B) Contents.--The reviews required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include--
                            (i) an assessment of the 
                        effectiveness of the structure of each 
                        Joint Task Force; and
                            (ii) recommendations for 
                        enhancements to such structure to 
                        strengthen the effectiveness of each 
                        Joint Task Force.
            (13) Sunset.--This section expires on September 30, 
        2022.
    (c) Joint Duty Assignment Program.--After establishing the 
joint duty training program under subsection (b)(10), the 
Secretary shall establish a joint duty assignment program 
within the Department for the purposes of enhancing 
coordination in the Department and promoting workforce 
professional development.

SEC. 709. [6 U.S.C. 349] OFFICE OF STRATEGY, POLICY, AND PLANS.

    (a) In General.--There is established in the Department an 
Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans.
    (b) Head of Office.--The Office of Strategy, Policy, and 
Plans shall be headed by an Under Secretary for Strategy, 
Policy, and Plans, who shall serve as the principal policy 
advisor to the Secretary. The Under Secretary for Strategy, 
Policy, and Plans shall be appointed by the President, by and 
with the advice and consent of the Senate.
    (c) Functions.--The Under Secretary for Strategy, Policy, 
and Plans shall--
            (1) lead, conduct, and coordinate Department-wide 
        policy development and implementation and strategic 
        planning;
            (2) develop and coordinate policies to promote and 
        ensure quality, consistency, and integration for the 
        programs, components, offices, and activities across 
        the Department;
            (3) develop and coordinate strategic plans and 
        long-term goals of the Department with risk-based 
        analysis and planning to improve operational mission 
        effectiveness, including consultation with the 
        Secretary regarding the quadrennial homeland security 
        review under section 707;
            (4) manage Department leadership councils and 
        provide analytics and support to such councils;
            (5) manage international coordination and 
        engagement for the Department;
            (6) review and incorporate, as appropriate, 
        external stakeholder feedback into Department policy; 
        and
            (7) carry out such other responsibilities as the 
        Secretary determines appropriate.
    (d) Deputy Under Secretary.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may--
                    (A) establish within the Office of 
                Strategy, Policy, and Plans a position of 
                Deputy Under Secretary to support the Under 
                Secretary for Strategy, Policy, and Plans in 
                carrying out the Under Secretary's 
                responsibilities; and
                    (B) appoint a career employee to such 
                position.
            (2) Limitation on establishment of deputy under 
        secretary positions.--A Deputy Under Secretary position 
        (or any substantially similar position) within the 
        Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans may not be 
        established except for the position provided for by 
        paragraph (1), unless the Secretary receives prior 
        authorization from Congress.
            (3) Definitions.--For purposes of paragraph (1)--
                    (A) the term ``career employee'' means any 
                employee (as such term is defined in section 
                2105 of title 5, United States Code), but does 
                not include a political appointee; and
                    (B) the term ``political appointee'' means 
                any employee who occupies a position which has 
                been excepted from the competitive service by 
                reason of its confidential, policy-determining, 
                policy-making, or policy-advocating character.
    (e) Coordination by Department Components.--To ensure 
consistency with the policy priorities of the Department, the 
head of each component of the Department shall coordinate with 
the Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans in establishing or 
modifying policies or strategic planning guidance with respect 
to each such component.
    (f) Homeland Security Statistics and Joint Analysis.--
            (1) Homeland security statistics.--The Under 
        Secretary for Strategy, Policy, and Plans shall--
                    (A) establish standards of reliability and 
                validity for statistical data collected and 
                analyzed by the Department;
                    (B) be provided by the heads of all 
                components of the Department with statistical 
                data maintained by the Department regarding the 
                operations of the Department;
                    (C) conduct or oversee analysis and 
                reporting of such data by the Department as 
                required by law or as directed by the 
                Secretary; and
                    (D) ensure the accuracy of metrics and 
                statistical data provided to Congress.
            (2) Transfer of responsibilities.--There shall be 
        transferred to the Under Secretary for Strategy, 
        Policy, and Plans the maintenance of all immigration 
        statistical information of U.S. Customs and Border 
        Protection, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 
        and United States Citizenship and Immigration Services, 
        which shall include information and statistics of the 
        type contained in the publication entitled ``Yearbook 
        of Immigration Statistics'' prepared by the Office of 
        Immigration Statistics, including region-by-region 
        statistics on the aggregate number of applications and 
        petitions filed by an alien (or filed on behalf of an 
        alien) and denied, and the reasons for such denials, 
        disaggregated by category of denial and application or 
        petition type.
    (g) Limitation.--Nothing in this section overrides or 
otherwise affects the requirements specified in section 888.

SEC. 710. [6 U.S.C. 350] WORKFORCE HEALTH AND MEDICAL SUPPORT.

    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary for Management shall 
be responsible for workforce-focused health and medical 
activities of the Department. The Under Secretary for 
Management may further delegate responsibility for those 
activities, as appropriate.
    (b) Responsibilities.--The Under Secretary for Management, 
in coordination with the Chief Medical Officer, shall--
            (1) provide oversight and coordinate the medical 
        and health activities of the Department for the human 
        and animal personnel of the Department;
            (2) establish medical, health, veterinary, and 
        occupational health exposure policy, guidance, 
        strategies, and initiatives for the human and animal 
        personnel of the Department;
            (3) as deemed appropriate by the Under Secretary, 
        provide medical liaisons to the components of the 
        Department, on a reimbursable basis, to provide subject 
        matter expertise on occupational medical and public 
        health issues;
            (4) serve as the primary representative for the 
        Department on agreements regarding the detail of 
        Commissioned Corps officers of the Public Health 
        Service of the Department of Health and Human Services 
        to the Department, except that components of the 
        Department shall retain authority for funding, 
        determination of specific duties, and supervision of 
        such detailed Commissioned Corps officers; and
            (5) perform such other duties relating to the 
        responsibilities described in this subsection as the 
        Secretary may require.

TITLE VIII--COORDINATION WITH NON-FEDERAL ENTITIES; INSPECTOR GENERAL; 
     UNITED STATES SECRET SERVICE; COAST GUARD; GENERAL PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--Coordination with Non-Federal Entities

SEC. 801. [6 U.S.C. 361] OFFICE FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT 
                    COORDINATION.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established within the Office 
of the Secretary the Office for State and Local Government 
Coordination, to oversee and coordinate departmental programs 
for and relationships with State and local governments.
    (b) Responsibilities.--The Office established under 
subsection (a) shall--
            (1) coordinate the activities of the Department 
        relating to State and local government;
            (2) assess, and advocate for, the resources needed 
        by State and local government to implement the national 
        strategy for combating terrorism;
            (3) provide State and local government with regular 
        information, research, and technical support to assist 
        local efforts at securing the homeland; and
            (4) develop a process for receiving meaningful 
        input from State and local government to assist the 
        development of the national strategy for combating 
        terrorism and other homeland security activities.

                     Subtitle B--Inspector General

[SEC. 811. REPEALED]

          * * * * * * *

SEC. 812. LAW ENFORCEMENT POWERS OF INSPECTOR GENERAL AGENTS.

    (a)
          * * * * * * *
    (b) [5 U.S.C. app. 6 note] Promulgation of Initial 
Guidelines.--
            (1) Definition.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``memoranda of understanding'' means the agreements 
        between the Department of Justice and the Inspector 
        General offices described under section 6(e)(3) of the 
        Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.) (as added 
        by subsection (a) of this section) that--
                    (A) are in effect on the date of enactment 
                of this Act; and
                    (B) authorize such offices to exercise 
                authority that is the same or similar to the 
                authority under section 6(e)(1) of such Act.
            (2) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General 
        shall promulgate guidelines under section 6(e)(4) of 
        the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.) (as 
        added by subsection (a) of this section) applicable to 
        the Inspector General offices described under section 
        6(e)(3) of that Act.
            (3) Minimum requirements.--The guidelines 
        promulgated under this subsection shall include, at a 
        minimum, the operational and training requirements in 
        the memoranda of understanding.
            (4) No lapse of authority.--The memoranda of 
        understanding in effect on the date of enactment of 
        this Act shall remain in effect until the guidelines 
        promulgated under this subsection take effect.
    (c) [5 U.S.C. app. 6 note] Effective Dates.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (a) shall take effect 
        180 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
            (2) Initial guidelines.--Subsection (b) shall take 
        effect on the date of enactment of this Act.

                Subtitle C--United States Secret Service

SEC. 821. [6 U.S.C. 381] FUNCTIONS TRANSFERRED.

    In accordance with title XV, there shall be transferred to 
the Secretary the functions, personnel, assets, and obligations 
of the United States Secret Service, which shall be maintained 
as a distinct entity within the Department, including the 
functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto.

SEC. 822. [6 U.S.C. 383] NATIONAL COMPUTER FORENSICS INSTITUTE.

    (a) In General.--There is authorized for fiscal years 2017 
through 2022 within the United States Secret Service a National 
Computer Forensics Institute (in this section referred to as 
the ``Institute''). The Institute shall disseminate information 
related to the investigation and prevention of cyber and 
electronic crime and related threats, and educate, train, and 
equip State, local, tribal, and territorial law enforcement 
officers, prosecutors, and judges.
    (b) Functions.--The functions of the Institute shall 
include the following:
            (1) Educating State, local, tribal, and territorial 
        law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and judges on 
        current--
                    (A) cyber and electronic crimes and related 
                threats;
                    (B) methods for investigating cyber and 
                electronic crime and related threats and 
                conducting computer and mobile device forensic 
                examinations; and
                    (C) prosecutorial and judicial challenges 
                related to cyber and electronic crime and 
                related threats, and computer and mobile device 
                forensic examinations.
            (2) Training State, local, tribal, and territorial 
        law enforcement officers to--
                    (A) conduct cyber and electronic crime and 
                related threat investigations;
                    (B) conduct computer and mobile device 
                forensic examinations; and
                    (C) respond to network intrusion incidents.
            (3) Training State, local, tribal, and territorial 
        law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and judges on 
        methods to obtain, process, store, and admit digital 
        evidence in court.
    (c) Principles.--In carrying out the functions specified in 
subsection (b), the Institute shall ensure, to the extent 
practicable, that timely, actionable, and relevant expertise 
and information related to cyber and electronic crime and 
related threats is shared with State, local, tribal, and 
territorial law enforcement officers and prosecutors.
    (d) Equipment.--The Institute may provide State, local, 
tribal, and territorial law enforcement officers with computer 
equipment, hardware, software, manuals, and tools necessary to 
conduct cyber and electronic crime and related threat 
investigations and computer and mobile device forensic 
examinations.
    (e) Electronic Crime Task Forces.--The Institute shall 
facilitate the expansion of the network of Electronic Crime 
Task Forces of the United States Secret Service through the 
addition of State, local, tribal, and territorial law 
enforcement officers educated and trained at the Institute.
    (f) Savings Provision.--All authorized activities and 
functions carried out by the Institute at any location as of 
the day before the date of the enactment of this section are 
authorized to continue to be carried out at any such location 
on and after such date.

                        Subtitle D--Acquisitions

SEC. 831. [6 U.S.C. 391] RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS.

    (a) Authority.--Until September 30, 2017, and subject to 
subsection (d), the Secretary may carry out a pilot program 
under which the Secretary may exercise the following 
authorities:
            (1) In general.--When the Secretary carries out 
        basic, applied, and advanced research and development 
        projects, including the expenditure of funds for such 
        projects, the Secretary may exercise the same authority 
        (subject to the same limitations and conditions) with 
        respect to such research and projects as the Secretary 
        of Defense may exercise under section 2371 of title 10, 
        United States Code (except for subsections (b) and 
        (f)), after making a determination that the use of a 
        contract, grant, or cooperative agreement for such 
        project is not feasible or appropriate. The annual 
        report required under subsection (b) of this section, 
        as applied to the Secretary by this paragraph, shall be 
        submitted to the President of the Senate and the 
        Speaker of the House of Representatives.
            (2) Prototype projects.--The Secretary may, under 
        the authority of paragraph (1), carry out prototype 
        projects in accordance with the requirements and 
        conditions provided for carrying out prototype projects 
        under section 845 of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160). In 
        applying the authorities of that section 845, 
        subsection (c) of that section shall apply with respect 
        to prototype projects under this paragraph, and the 
        Secretary shall perform the functions of the Secretary 
        of Defense under subsection (d) thereof.
    (b) Procurement of Temporary and Intermittent Services.--
The Secretary may--
            (1) procure the temporary or intermittent services 
        of experts or consultants (or organizations thereof) in 
        accordance with section 3109(b) of title 5, United 
        States Code; and
            (2) whenever necessary due to an urgent homeland 
        security need, procure temporary (not to exceed 1 year) 
        or intermittent personal services, including the 
        services of experts or consultants (or organizations 
        thereof), without regard to the pay limitations of such 
        section 3109.
    (c) Additional Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--The authority of the Secretary 
        under this section shall terminate September 30, 2017, 
        unless before that date the Secretary--
                    (A) issues policy guidance detailing the 
                appropriate use of that authority; and
                    (B) provides training to each employee that 
                is authorized to exercise that authority.
            (2) Report.--The Secretary shall provide an annual 
        report to the Committees on Appropriations of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives, the Committee 
        on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
        Senate, and the Committee on Homeland Security of the 
        House of Representatives detailing the projects for 
        which the authority granted by subsection (a) was used, 
        the rationale for its use, the funds spent using that 
        authority, the outcome of each project for which that 
        authority was used, and the results of any audits of 
        such projects.
    (d) Definition of Nontraditional Government Contractor.--In 
this section, the term ``nontraditional Government contractor'' 
has the same meaning as the term ``nontraditional defense 
contractor'' as defined in section 845(e) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-
160; 10 U.S.C. 2371 note).

SEC. 832. [6 U.S.C. 392] PERSONAL SERVICES.

     The Secretary--
            (1) may procure the temporary or intermittent 
        services of experts or consultants (or organizations 
        thereof) in accordance with section 3109 of title 5, 
        United States Code; and
            (2) may, whenever necessary due to an urgent 
        homeland security need, procure temporary (not to 
        exceed 1 year) or intermittent personal services, 
        including the services of experts or consultants (or 
        organizations thereof), without regard to the pay 
        limitations of such section 3109.

SEC. 833. [6 U.S.C. 393] SPECIAL STREAMLINED ACQUISITION AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may use the 
        authorities set forth in this section with respect to 
        any procurement made during the period beginning on the 
        effective date of this Act and ending September 30, 
        2007, if the Secretary determines in writing that the 
        mission of the Department (as described in section 101) 
        would be seriously impaired without the use of such 
        authorities.
            (2) Delegation.--The authority to make the 
        determination described in paragraph (1) may not be 
        delegated by the Secretary to an officer of the 
        Department who is not appointed by the President with 
        the advice and consent of the Senate.
            (3) Notification.--Not later than the date that is 
        7 days after the date of any determination under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Government Reform of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Governmental 
        Affairs of the Senate--
            (A) notification of such determination; and
            (B) the justification for such determination.
    (b) Increased Micro-Purchase Threshold For Certain 
Procurements.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may designate 
        certain employees of the Department to make 
        procurements described in subsection (a) for which in 
        the administration of section 32 of the Office of 
        Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 428) the 
        amount specified in subsections (c), (d), and (f) of 
        such section 32 shall be deemed to be $7,500.
            (2) Number of employees.--The number of employees 
        designated under paragraph (1) shall be--
                    (A) fewer than the number of employees of 
                the Department who are authorized to make 
                purchases without obtaining competitive 
                quotations, pursuant to section 32(c) of the 
                Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 
                U.S.C. 428(c));
                    (B) sufficient to ensure the geographic 
                dispersal of the availability of the use of the 
                procurement authority under such paragraph at 
                locations reasonably considered to be potential 
                terrorist targets; and
                    (C) sufficiently limited to allow for the 
                careful monitoring of employees designated 
                under such paragraph.
            (3) Review.--Procurements made under the authority 
        of this subsection shall be subject to review by a 
        designated supervisor on not less than a monthly basis. 
        The supervisor responsible for the review shall be 
        responsible for no more than 7 employees making 
        procurements under this subsection.
    (c) Simplified Acquisition Procedures.--
            (1) In general.--With respect to a procurement 
        described in subsection (a), the Secretary may deem the 
        simplified acquisition threshold referred to in section 
        4(11) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act 
        (41 U.S.C. 403(11)) to be--
                    (A) in the case of a contract to be awarded 
                and performed, or purchase to be made, within 
                the United States, $200,000; and
                    (B) in the case of a contract to be awarded 
                and performed, or purchase to be made, outside 
                of the United States, $300,000.
          * * * * * * *
    (d) Application of Certain Commercial Items Authorities.--
            (1) In general.--With respect to a procurement 
        described in subsection (a), the Secretary may deem any 
        item or service to be a commercial item for the purpose 
        of Federal procurement laws.
            (2) Limitation.--The $5,000,000 limitation provided 
        in section 31(a)(2) of the Office of Federal 
        Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 427(a)(2)) and 
        section 303(g)(1)(B) of the Federal Property and 
        Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 
        253(g)(1)(B)) shall be deemed to be $7,500,000 for 
        purposes of property or services under the authority of 
        this subsection.
            (3) Certain authority.--Authority under a provision 
        of law referred to in paragraph (2) that expires under 
        section 4202(e) of the Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 
        (divisions D and E of Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 
        2304 note) shall, notwithstanding such section, 
        continue to apply for a procurement described in 
        subsection (a).
    (e) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the end of 
fiscal year 2005, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
Committee on Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the 
Committee on Government Reform of the House of Representatives 
a report on the use of the authorities provided in this 
section. The report shall contain the following:
            (1) An assessment of the extent to which property 
        and services acquired using authorities provided under 
        this section contributed to the capacity of the Federal 
        workforce to facilitate the mission of the Department 
        as described in section 101.
            (2) An assessment of the extent to which prices for 
        property and services acquired using authorities 
        provided under this section reflected the best value.
            (3) The number of employees designated by each 
        executive agency under subsection (b)(1).
            (4) An assessment of the extent to which the 
        Department has implemented subsections (b)(2) and 
        (b)(3) to monitor the use of procurement authority by 
        employees designated under subsection (b)(1).
            (5) Any recommendations of the Comptroller General 
        for improving the effectiveness of the implementation 
        of the provisions of this section.

SEC. 834. [6 U.S.C. 394] UNSOLICITED PROPOSALS.

    (a) Regulations Required.--Within 1 year of the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Federal Acquisition Regulation shall 
be revised to include regulations with regard to unsolicited 
proposals.
    (b) Content of Regulations.--The regulations prescribed 
under subsection (a) shall require that before initiating a 
comprehensive evaluation, an agency contact point shall 
consider, among other factors, that the proposal--
            (1) is not submitted in response to a previously 
        published agency requirement; and
            (2) contains technical and cost information for 
        evaluation and overall scientific, technical or 
        socioeconomic merit, or cost-related or price-related 
        factors.

SEC. 835. [6 U.S.C. 395] PROHIBITION ON CONTRACTS WITH CORPORATE 
                    EXPATRIATES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary may not enter into any 
contract with a foreign incorporated entity which is treated as 
an inverted domestic corporation under subsection (b), or any 
subsidiary of such an entity.
    (b) Inverted Domestic Corporation.--For purposes of this 
section, a foreign incorporated entity shall be treated as an 
inverted domestic corporation if, pursuant to a plan (or a 
series of related transactions)--
            (1) the entity completes before, on, or after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the direct or indirect 
        acquisition of substantially all of the properties held 
        directly or indirectly by a domestic corporation or 
        substantially all of the properties constituting a 
        trade or business of a domestic partnership;
            (2) after the acquisition at least 80 percent of 
        the stock (by vote or value) of the entity is held--
                    (A) in the case of an acquisition with 
                respect to a domestic corporation, by former 
                shareholders of the domestic corporation by 
                reason of holding stock in the domestic 
                corporation; or
                    (B) in the case of an acquisition with 
                respect to a domestic partnership, by former 
                partners of the domestic partnership by reason 
                of holding a capital or profits interest in the 
                domestic partnership; and
            (3) the expanded affiliated group which after the 
        acquisition includes the entity does not have 
        substantial business activities in the foreign country 
        in which or under the law of which the entity is 
        created or organized when compared to the total 
        business activities of such expanded affiliated group.
    (c) Definitions and Special Rules.--
            (1) Rules for application of subsection (b).--In 
        applying subsection (b) for purposes of subsection (a), 
        the following rules shall apply:
                    (A) Certain stock disregarded.--There shall 
                not be taken into account in determining 
                ownership for purposes of subsection (b)(2)--
                            (i) stock held by members of the 
                        expanded affiliated group which 
                        includes the foreign incorporated 
                        entity; or
                            (ii) stock of such entity which is 
                        sold in a public offering related to 
                        the acquisition described in subsection 
                        (b)(1).
                    (B) Plan deemed in certain cases.--If a 
                foreign incorporated entity acquires directly 
                or indirectly substantially all of the 
                properties of a domestic corporation or 
                partnership during the 4-year period beginning 
                on the date which is 2 years before the 
                ownership requirements of subsection (b)(2) are 
                met, such actions shall be treated as pursuant 
                to a plan.
                    (C) Certain transfers disregarded.--The 
                transfer of properties or liabilities 
                (including by contribution or distribution) 
                shall be disregarded if such transfers are part 
                of a plan a principal purpose of which is to 
                avoid the purposes of this section.
                    (D) Special rule for related 
                partnerships.--For purposes of applying 
                subsection (b) to the acquisition of a domestic 
                partnership, except as provided in regulations, 
                all domestic partnerships which are under 
                common control (within the meaning of section 
                482 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) shall 
                be treated as I partnership.
                    (E) Treatment of certain rights.--The 
                Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as 
                may be necessary to--
                            (i) treat warrants, options, 
                        contracts to acquire stock, convertible 
                        debt instruments, and other similar 
                        interests as stock; and
                            (ii) treat stock as not stock.
            (2) Expanded affiliated group.--The term ``expanded 
        affiliated group'' means an affiliated group as defined 
        in section 1504(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 
        (without regard to section 1504(b) of such Code), 
        except that section 1504 of such Code shall be applied 
        by substituting ``more than 50 percent'' for ``at least 
        80 percent'' each place it appears.
            (3) Foreign incorporated entity.--The term 
        ``foreign incorporated entity'' means any entity which 
        is, or but for subsection (b) would be, treated as a 
        foreign corporation for purposes of the Internal 
        Revenue Code of 1986.
            (4) Other definitions.--The terms ``person'', 
        ``domestic'', and ``foreign'' have the meanings given 
        such terms by paragraphs (1), (4), and (5) of section 
        7701(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, 
        respectively.
    (d) Waivers.--The Secretary shall waive subsection (a) with 
respect to any specific contract if the Secretary determines 
that the waiver is required in the interest of national 
security.

                 Subtitle E--Human Resources Management

SEC. 841. [6 U.S.C. 411] ESTABLISHMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 
                    SYSTEM.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
        that--
                    (A) it is extremely important that 
                employees of the Department be allowed to 
                participate in a meaningful way in the creation 
                of any human resources management system 
                affecting them;
                    (B) such employees have the most direct 
                knowledge of the demands of their jobs and have 
                a direct interest in ensuring that their human 
                resources management system is conducive to 
                achieving optimal operational efficiencies;
                    (C) the 21st century human resources 
                management system envisioned for the Department 
                should be one that benefits from the input of 
                its employees; and
                    (D) this collaborative effort will help 
                secure our homeland.
          * * * * * * *
    (b) Effect on Personnel.--
            (1) Nonseparation or nonreduction in grade or 
        compensation of full-time personnel and part-time 
        personnel holding permanent positions.--Except as 
        otherwise provided in this Act, the transfer under this 
        Act of full-time personnel (except special Government 
        employees) and part-time personnel holding permanent 
        positions shall not cause any such employee to be 
        separated or reduced in grade or compensation for 1 
        year after the date of transfer to the Department.
            (2) Positions compensated in accordance with 
        executive schedule.--Any person who, on the day 
        preceding such person's date of transfer pursuant to 
        this Act, held a position compensated in accordance 
        with the Executive Schedule prescribed in chapter 53 of 
        title 5, United States Code, and who, without a break 
        in service, is appointed in the Department to a 
        position having duties comparable to the duties 
        performed immediately preceding such appointment shall 
        continue to be compensated in such new position at not 
        less than the rate provided for such position, for the 
        duration of the service of such person in such new 
        position.
            (3) Coordination rule.--Any exercise of authority 
        under chapter 97 of title 5, United States Code (as 
        amended by subsection (a)), including under any system 
        established under such chapter, shall be in conformance 
        with the requirements of this subsection.

SEC. 842. [6 U.S.C. 412] LABOR-MANAGEMENT RELATIONS.

    (a) Limitation on Exclusionary Authority.--
            (1) In general.--No agency or subdivision of an 
        agency which is transferred to the Department pursuant 
        to this Act shall be excluded from the coverage of 
        chapter 71 of title 5, United States Code, as a result 
        of any order issued under section 7103(b)(1) of such 
        title 5 after June 18, 2002, unless--
                    (A) the mission and responsibilities of the 
                agency (or subdivision) materially change; and
                    (B) a majority of the employees within such 
                agency (or subdivision) have as their primary 
                duty intelligence, counterintelligence, or 
                investigative work directly related to 
                terrorism investigation.
            (2) Exclusions allowable.--Nothing in paragraph (1) 
        shall affect the effectiveness of any order to the 
        extent that such order excludes any portion of an 
        agency or subdivision of an agency as to which--
                    (A) recognition as an appropriate unit has 
                never been conferred for purposes of chapter 71 
                of such title 5; or
                    (B) any such recognition has been revoked 
                or otherwise terminated as a result of a 
                determination under subsection (b)(1).
    (b) Provisions Relating to Bargaining Units.--
            (1) Limitation relating to appropriate units.--Each 
        unit which is recognized as an appropriate unit for 
        purposes of chapter 71 of title 5, United States Code, 
        as of the day before the effective date of this Act 
        (and any subdivision of any such unit) shall, if such 
        unit (or subdivision) is transferred to the Department 
        pursuant to this Act, continue to be so recognized for 
        such purposes, unless--
                    (A) the mission and responsibilities of 
                such unit (or subdivision) materially change; 
                and
                    (B) a majority of the employees within such 
                unit (or subdivision) have as their primary 
                duty intelligence, counterintelligence, or 
                investigative work directly related to 
                terrorism investigation.
            (2) Limitation relating to positions or 
        employees.--No position or employee within a unit (or 
        subdivision of a unit) as to which continued 
        recognition is given in accordance with paragraph (1) 
        shall be excluded from such unit (or subdivision), for 
        purposes of chapter 71 of such title 5, unless the 
        primary job duty of such position or employee--
                    (A) materially changes; and
                    (B) consists of intelligence, 
                counterintelligence, or investigative work 
                directly related to terrorism investigation.
        In the case of any positions within a unit (or 
        subdivision) which are first established on or after 
        the effective date of this Act and any employees first 
        appointed on or after such date, the preceding sentence 
        shall be applied disregarding subparagraph (A).
    (c) Waiver.--If the President determines that the 
application of subsections (a), (b), and (d) would have a 
substantial adverse impact on the ability of the Department to 
protect homeland security, the President may waive the 
application of such subsections 10 days after the President has 
submitted to Congress a written explanation of the reasons for 
such determination.
    (d) Coordination Rule.--No other provision of this Act or 
of any amendment made by this Act may be construed or applied 
in a manner so as to limit, supersede, or otherwise affect the 
provisions of this section, except to the extent that it does 
so by specific reference to this section.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in section 9701(e) of 
title 5, United States Code, shall be considered to apply with 
respect to any agency or subdivision of any agency, which is 
excluded from the coverage of chapter 71 of title 5, United 
States Code, by virtue of an order issued in accordance with 
section 7103(b) of such title and the preceding provisions of 
this section (as applicable), or to any employees of any such 
agency or subdivision or to any individual or entity 
representing any such employees or any representatives thereof.

SEC. 843. [6 U.S.C. 413] USE OF COUNTERNARCOTICS ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITIES 
                    IN CERTAIN EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE APPRAISALS.

    (a) In General.--Each subdivision of the Department that is 
a National Drug Control Program Agency shall include as one of 
the criteria in its performance appraisal system, for each 
employee directly or indirectly involved in the enforcement of 
Federal, State, or local narcotics laws, the performance of 
that employee with respect to the enforcement of Federal, 
State, or local narcotics laws, relying to the greatest extent 
practicable on objective performance measures, including--
            (1) the contribution of that employee to seizures 
        of narcotics and arrests of violators of Federal, 
        State, or local narcotics laws; and
            (2) the degree to which that employee cooperated 
        with or contributed to the efforts of other employees, 
        either within the Department or other Federal, State, 
        or local agencies, in counternarcotics enforcement.
    (b) Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
            (1) the term ``National Drug Control Program 
        Agency'' means--
                    (A) a National Drug Control Program Agency, 
                as defined in section 702(7) of the Office of 
                National Drug Control Policy Reauthorization 
                Act of 1998 (as last in effect); and
                    (B) any subdivision of the Department that 
                has a significant counternarcotics 
                responsibility, as determined by--
                            (i) the counternarcotics officer, 
                        appointed under section 878; or
                            (ii) if applicable, the 
                        counternarcotics officer's successor in 
                        function (as determined by the 
                        Secretary); and
            (2) the term ``performance appraisal system'' means 
        a system under which periodic appraisals of job 
        performance of employees are made, whether under 
        chapter 43 of title 5, United States Code, or 
        otherwise.

SEC. 844. [6 U.S.C. 414] HOMELAND SECURITY ROTATION PROGRAM.

    (a) \7\ Establishment.--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\ So in original. There is no subsection (b).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall 
        establish the Homeland Security Rotation Program (in 
        this section referred to as the ``Rotation Program'') 
        for employees of the Department. The Rotation Program 
        shall use applicable best practices, including those 
        from the Chief Human Capital Officers Council.
            (2) Goals.--The Rotation Program established by the 
        Secretary shall--
                    (A) be established in accordance with the 
                Human Capital Strategic Plan of the Department;
                    (B) provide middle and senior level 
                employees in the Department the opportunity to 
                broaden their knowledge through exposure to 
                other components of the Department;
                    (C) expand the knowledge base of the 
                Department by providing for rotational 
                assignments of employees to other components;
                    (D) build professional relationships and 
                contacts among the employees in the Department;
                    (E) invigorate the workforce with exciting 
                and professionally rewarding opportunities;
                    (F) incorporate Department human capital 
                strategic plans and activities, and address 
                critical human capital deficiencies, 
                recruitment and retention efforts, and 
                succession planning within the Federal 
                workforce of the Department; and
                    (G) complement and incorporate (but not 
                replace) rotational programs within the 
                Department in effect on the date of enactment 
                of this section.
            (3) Administration.--
                    (A) In general.--The Chief Human Capital 
                Officer shall administer the Rotation Program.
                    (B) Responsibilities.--The Chief Human 
                Capital Officer shall--
                            (i) provide oversight of the 
                        establishment and implementation of the 
                        Rotation Program;
                            (ii) establish a framework that 
                        supports the goals of the Rotation 
                        Program and promotes cross-disciplinary 
                        rotational opportunities;
                            (iii) establish eligibility for 
                        employees to participate in the 
                        Rotation Program and select 
                        participants from employees who apply;
                            (iv) establish incentives for 
                        employees to participate in the 
                        Rotation Program, including promotions 
                        and employment preferences;
                            (v) ensure that the Rotation 
                        Program provides professional education 
                        and training;
                            (vi) ensure that the Rotation 
                        Program develops qualified employees 
                        and future leaders with broad-based 
                        experience throughout the Department;
                            (vii) provide for greater 
                        interaction among employees in 
                        components of the Department; and
                            (viii) coordinate with rotational 
                        programs within the Department in 
                        effect on the date of enactment of this 
                        section.
            (4) Allowances, privileges, and benefits.--All 
        allowances, privileges, rights, seniority, and other 
        benefits of employees participating in the Rotation 
        Program shall be preserved.
            (5) Reporting.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the establishment of the Rotation Program, the 
        Secretary shall submit a report on the status of the 
        Rotation Program, including a description of the 
        Rotation Program, the number of employees 
        participating, and how the Rotation Program is used in 
        succession planning and leadership development to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress.

SEC. 845. [6 U.S.C. 415] HOMELAND SECURITY EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary, acting through the 
Administrator, shall establish a graduate-level Homeland 
Security Education Program in the National Capital Region to 
provide educational opportunities to senior Federal officials 
and selected State and local officials with homeland security 
and emergency management responsibilities. The Administrator 
shall appoint an individual to administer the activities under 
this section.
    (b) Leveraging of Existing Resources.--To maximize 
efficiency and effectiveness in carrying out the Program, the 
Administrator shall use existing Department-reviewed Master's 
Degree curricula in homeland security, including curricula 
pending accreditation, together with associated learning 
materials, quality assessment tools, digital libraries, 
exercise systems and other educational facilities, including 
the National Domestic Preparedness Consortium, the National 
Fire Academy, and the Emergency Management Institute. The 
Administrator may develop additional educational programs, as 
appropriate.
    (c) Student Enrollment.--
            (1) Sources.--The student body of the Program shall 
        include officials from Federal, State, local, and 
        tribal governments, and from other sources designated 
        by the Administrator.
            (2) Enrollment priorities and selection criteria.--
        The Administrator shall establish policies governing 
        student enrollment priorities and selection criteria 
        that are consistent with the mission of the Program.
            (3) Diversity.--The Administrator shall take 
        reasonable steps to ensure that the student body 
        represents racial, gender, and ethnic diversity.
    (d) Service Commitment.--
            (1) In general.--Before any employee selected for 
        the Program may be assigned to participate in the 
        program, the employee shall agree in writing--
                    (A) to continue in the service of the 
                agency sponsoring the employee during the 2-
                year period beginning on the date on which the 
                employee completes the program, unless the 
                employee is involuntarily separated from the 
                service of that agency for reasons other than a 
                reduction in force; and
                    (B) to pay to the Government the amount of 
                the additional expenses incurred by the 
                Government in connection with the employee's 
                education if the employee is voluntarily 
                separated from the service to the agency before 
                the end of the period described in subparagraph 
                (A).
            (2) Payment of expenses.--
                    (A) Exemption.--An employee who leaves the 
                service of the sponsoring agency to enter into 
                the service of another agency in any branch of 
                the Government shall not be required to make a 
                payment under paragraph (1)(B), unless the head 
                of the agency that sponsored the education of 
                the employee notifies that employee before the 
                date on which the employee enters the service 
                of the other agency that payment is required 
                under that paragraph.
                    (B) Amount of payment.--If an employee is 
                required to make a payment under paragraph 
                (1)(B), the agency that sponsored the education 
                of the employee shall determine the amount of 
                the payment, except that such amount may not 
                exceed the pro rata share of the expenses 
                incurred for the time remaining in the 2-year 
                period.
            (3) Recovery of payment.--If an employee who is 
        required to make a payment under this subsection does 
        not make the payment, a sum equal to the amount of the 
        expenses incurred by the Government for the education 
        of that employee is recoverable by the Government from 
        the employee or his estate by--
                    (A) setoff against accrued pay, 
                compensation, amount of retirement credit, or 
                other amount due the employee from the 
                Government; or
                    (B) such other method as is provided by lay 
                \8\ for the recovery of amounts owing to the 
                Government.
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    \8\ So in original. The word ``lay'' probably should be ``law''.
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         Subtitle F--Federal Emergency Procurement Flexibility

SEC. 851. [6 U.S.C. 421] DEFINITION.

    In this subtitle, the term ``executive agency'' has the 
meaning given that term under section 4(1) of the Office of 
Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(1)).

SEC. 852. [6 U.S.C. 422] PROCUREMENTS FOR DEFENSE AGAINST OR RECOVERY 
                    FROM TERRORISM OR NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, CHEMICAL, OR 
                    RADIOLOGICAL ATTACK.

    The authorities provided in this subtitle apply to any 
procurement of property or services by or for an executive 
agency that, as determined by the head of the executive agency, 
are to be used to facilitate defense against or recovery from 
terrorism or nuclear, biological, chemical, or radiological 
attack, but only if a solicitation of offers for the 
procurement is issued during the 1-year period beginning on the 
date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 853. [6 U.S.C. 423] INCREASED SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION THRESHOLD FOR 
                    PROCUREMENTS IN SUPPORT OF HUMANITARIAN OR 
                    PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS OR CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS.

    (a) Temporary Threshold Amounts.--For a procurement 
referred to in section 852 that is carried out in support of a 
humanitarian or peacekeeping operation or a contingency 
operation, the simplified acquisition threshold definitions 
shall be applied as if the amount determined under the 
exception provided for such an operation in those definitions 
were--
            (1) in the case of a contract to be awarded and 
        performed, or purchase to be made, inside the United 
        States, $200,000; or
            (2) in the case of a contract to be awarded and 
        performed, or purchase to be made, outside the United 
        States, $300,000.
    (b) Simplified Acquisition Threshold Definitions.--In this 
section, the term ``simplified acquisition threshold 
definitions'' means the following:
            (1) Section 4(11) of the Office of Federal 
        Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(11)).
            (2) Section 309(d) of the Federal Property and 
        Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 259(d)).
            (3) Section 2302(7) of title 10, United States 
        Code.
    (c) Small Business Reserve.--For a procurement carried out 
pursuant to subsection (a), section 15(j) of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 644(j)) shall be applied as if the maximum 
anticipated value identified therein is equal to the amounts 
referred to in subsection (a).

SEC. 854. [6 U.S.C. 424] INCREASED MICRO-PURCHASE THRESHOLD FOR CERTAIN 
                    PROCUREMENTS.

    In the administration of section 32 of the Office of 
Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 428) with respect to 
a procurement referred to in section 852, the amount specified 
in subsections (c), (d), and (f) of such section 32 shall be 
deemed to be $7,500.

SEC. 855. [6 U.S.C. 425] APPLICATION OF CERTAIN COMMERCIAL ITEMS 
                    AUTHORITIES TO CERTAIN PROCUREMENTS.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The head of an executive agency 
        may apply the provisions of law listed in paragraph (2) 
        to a procurement referred to in section 852 without 
        regard to whether the property or services are 
        commercial items.
            (2) Commercial item laws.--The provisions of law 
        referred to in paragraph (1) are as follows:
                    (A) Sections 31 and 34 of the Office of 
                Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 427, 
                430).
                    (B) Section 2304(g) of title 10, United 
                States Code.
                    (C) Section 303(g) of the Federal Property 
                and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 
                U.S.C. 253(g)).
    (b) Inapplicability of Limitation on Use of Simplified 
Acquisition Procedures.--
            (1) In general.--The $5,000,000 limitation provided 
        in section 31(a)(2) of the Office of Federal 
        Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 427(a)(2)), section 
        2304(g)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, and 
        section 303(g)(1)(B) of the Federal Property and 
        Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 
        253(g)(1)(B)) shall not apply to purchases of property 
        or services to which any of the provisions of law 
        referred to in subsection (a) are applied under the 
        authority of this section.
            (2) OMB guidance.--The Director of the Office of 
        Management and Budget shall issue guidance and 
        procedures for the use of simplified acquisition 
        procedures for a purchase of property or services in 
        excess of $5,000,000 under the authority of this 
        section.
    (c) Continuation of Authority for Simplified Purchase 
Procedures.--Authority under a provision of law referred to in 
subsection (a)(2) that expires under section 4202(e) of the 
Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 (divisions D and E of Public Law 104-
106; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) shall, notwithstanding such section, 
continue to apply for use by the head of an executive agency as 
provided in subsections (a) and (b).

SEC. 856. [6 U.S.C. 426] USE OF STREAMLINED PROCEDURES.

    (a) Required Use.--The head of an executive agency shall, 
when appropriate, use streamlined acquisition authorities and 
procedures authorized by law for a procurement referred to in 
section 852, including authorities and procedures that are 
provided under the following provisions of law:
            (1) Federal property and administrative services 
        act of 1949.--In title III of the Federal Property and 
        Administrative Services Act of 1949:
                    (A) Paragraphs (1), (2), (6), and (7) of 
                subsection (c) of section 303 (41 U.S.C. 253), 
                relating to use of procedures other than 
                competitive procedures under certain 
                circumstances (subject to subsection (e) of 
                such section).
                    (B) Section 303J (41 U.S.C. 253j), relating 
                to orders under task and delivery order 
                contracts.
            (2) Title 10, united states code.--In chapter 137 
        of title 10, United States Code:
                    (A) Paragraphs (1), (2), (6), and (7) of 
                subsection (c) of section 2304, relating to use 
                of procedures other than competitive procedures 
                under certain circumstances (subject to 
                subsection (e) of such section).
                    (B) Section 2304c, relating to orders under 
                task and delivery order contracts.
            (3) Office of federal procurement policy act.--
        Paragraphs (1)(B), (1)(D), and (2) of section 18(c) of 
        the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 
        416(c)), relating to inapplicability of a requirement 
        for procurement notice.
    (b) Waiver of Certain Small Business Threshold 
Requirements.--Subclause (II) of section 8(a)(1)(D)(i) of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)(1)(D)(i)) and clause (ii) 
of section 31(b)(2)(A) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 657a(b)(2)(A)) 
shall not apply in the use of streamlined acquisition 
authorities and procedures referred to in paragraphs (1)(A) and 
(2)(A) of subsection (a) for a procurement referred to in 
section 852.

SEC. 857. [6 U.S.C. 427] REVIEW AND REPORT BY COMPTROLLER GENERAL.

    (a) Requirements.--Not later than March 31, 2004, the 
Comptroller General shall--
            (1) complete a review of the extent to which 
        procurements of property and services have been made in 
        accordance with this subtitle; and
            (2) submit a report on the results of the review to 
        the Committee on Governmental Affairs of the Senate and 
        the Committee on Government Reform of the House of 
        Representatives.
    (b) Content of Report.--The report under subsection (a)(2) 
shall include the following matters:
            (1) Assessment.--The Comptroller General's 
        assessment of--
                    (A) the extent to which property and 
                services procured in accordance with this title 
                have contributed to the capacity of the 
                workforce of Federal Government employees 
                within each executive agency to carry out the 
                mission of the executive agency; and
                    (B) the extent to which Federal Government 
                employees have been trained on the use of 
                technology.
            (2) Recommendations.--Any recommendations of the 
        Comptroller General resulting from the assessment 
        described in paragraph (1).
    (c) Consultation.--In preparing for the review under 
subsection (a)(1), the Comptroller shall consult with the 
Committee on Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the 
Committee on Government Reform of the House of Representatives 
on the specific issues and topics to be reviewed. The extent of 
coverage needed in areas such as technology integration, 
employee training, and human capital management, as well as the 
data requirements of the study, shall be included as part of 
the consultation.

SEC. 858. [6 U.S.C. 428] IDENTIFICATION OF NEW ENTRANTS INTO THE 
                    FEDERAL MARKETPLACE.

    The head of each executive agency shall conduct market 
research on an ongoing basis to identify effectively the 
capabilities, including the capabilities of small businesses 
and new entrants into Federal contracting, that are available 
in the marketplace for meeting the requirements of the 
executive agency in furtherance of defense against or recovery 
from terrorism or nuclear, biological, chemical, or 
radiological attack. The head of the executive agency shall, to 
the maximum extent practicable, take advantage of commercially 
available market research methods, including use of commercial 
databases, to carry out the research.
          * * * * * * *

Subtitle G--Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies 
                              Act of 2002

SEC. 861. [6 U.S.C. 101 NOTE] SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Support Anti-terrorism 
by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002'' or the 
``SAFETY Act''.

SEC. 862. [6 U.S.C. 441] ADMINISTRATION.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall be responsible for the 
administration of this subtitle.
    (b) Designation of Qualified Anti-Terrorism Technologies.--
The Secretary may designate anti-terrorism technologies that 
qualify for protection under the system of risk management set 
forth in this subtitle in accordance with criteria that shall 
include, but not be limited to, the following:
            (1) Prior United States Government use or 
        demonstrated substantial utility and effectiveness.
            (2) Availability of the technology for immediate 
        deployment in public and private settings.
            (3) Existence of extraordinarily large or 
        extraordinarily unquantifiable potential third party 
        liability risk exposure to the Seller or other provider 
        of such anti-terrorism technology.
            (4) Substantial likelihood that such anti-terrorism 
        technology will not be deployed unless protections 
        under the system of risk management provided under this 
        subtitle are extended.
            (5) Magnitude of risk exposure to the public if 
        such anti-terrorism technology is not deployed.
            (6) Evaluation of all scientific studies that can 
        be feasibly conducted in order to assess the capability 
        of the technology to substantially reduce risks of 
        harm.
            (7) Anti-terrorism technology that would be 
        effective in facilitating the defense against acts of 
        terrorism, including technologies that prevent, defeat 
        or respond to such acts.
    (c) Regulations.--The Secretary may issue such regulations, 
after notice and comment in accordance with section 553 of 
title 5, United States Code, as may be necessary to carry out 
this subtitle.

SEC. 863. [6 U.S.C. 442] LITIGATION MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Federal Cause of Action.--
            (1) In general.--There shall exist a Federal cause 
        of action for claims arising out of, relating to, or 
        resulting from an act of terrorism when qualified anti-
        terrorism technologies have been deployed in defense 
        against or response or recovery from such act and such 
        claims result or may result in loss to the Seller. The 
        substantive law for decision in any such action shall 
        be derived from the law, including choice of law 
        principles, of the State in which such acts of 
        terrorism occurred, unless such law is inconsistent 
        with or preempted by Federal law. Such Federal cause of 
        action shall be brought only for claims for injuries 
        that are proximately caused by sellers that provide 
        qualified anti-terrorism technology to Federal and non-
        Federal government customers.
            (2) Jurisdiction.--Such appropriate district court 
        of the United States shall have original and exclusive 
        jurisdiction over all actions for any claim for loss of 
        property, personal injury, or death arising out of, 
        relating to, or resulting from an act of terrorism when 
        qualified anti-terrorism technologies have been 
        deployed in defense against or response or recovery 
        from such act and such claims result or may result in 
        loss to the Seller.
    (b) Special Rules.--In an action brought under this section 
for damages the following provisions apply:
            (1) Punitive damages.--No punitive damages intended 
        to punish or deter, exemplary damages, or other damages 
        not intended to compensate a plaintiff for actual 
        losses may be awarded, nor shall any party be liable 
        for interest prior to the judgment.
            (2) Noneconomic damages.--
                    (A) In general.--Noneconomic damages may be 
                awarded against a defendant only in an amount 
                directly proportional to the percentage of 
                responsibility of such defendant for the harm 
                to the plaintiff, and no plaintiff may recover 
                noneconomic damages unless the plaintiff 
                suffered physical harm.
                    (B) Definition.--For purposes of 
                subparagraph (A), the term ``noneconomic 
                damages'' means damages for losses for physical 
                and emotional pain, suffering, inconvenience, 
                physical impairment, mental anguish, 
                disfigurement, loss of enjoyment of life, loss 
                of society and companionship, loss of 
                consortium, hedonic damages, injury to 
                reputation, and any other nonpecuniary losses.
    (c) Collateral Sources.--Any recovery by a plaintiff in an 
action under this section shall be reduced by the amount of 
collateral source compensation, if any, that the plaintiff has 
received or is entitled to receive as a result of such acts of 
terrorism that result or may result in loss to the Seller.
    (d) Government Contractor Defense.--
            (1) In general.--Should a product liability or 
        other lawsuit be filed for claims arising out of, 
        relating to, or resulting from an act of terrorism when 
        qualified anti-terrorism technologies approved by the 
        Secretary, as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3) of 
        this subsection, have been deployed in defense against 
        or response or recovery from such act and such claims 
        result or may result in loss to the Seller, there shall 
        be a rebuttable presumption that the government 
        contractor defense applies in such lawsuit. This 
        presumption shall only be overcome by evidence showing 
        that the Seller acted fraudulently or with willful 
        misconduct in submitting information to the Secretary 
        during the course of the Secretary's consideration of 
        such technology under this subsection. This presumption 
        of the government contractor defense shall apply 
        regardless of whether the claim against the Seller 
        arises from a sale of the product to Federal Government 
        or non-Federal Government customers.
            (2) Exclusive responsibility.--The Secretary will 
        be exclusively responsible for the review and approval 
        of anti-terrorism technology for purposes of 
        establishing a government contractor defense in any 
        product liability lawsuit for claims arising out of, 
        relating to, or resulting from an act of terrorism when 
        qualified anti-terrorism technologies approved by the 
        Secretary, as provided in this paragraph and paragraph 
        (3), have been deployed in defense against or response 
        or recovery from such act and such claims result or may 
        result in loss to the Seller. Upon the Seller's 
        submission to the Secretary for approval of anti-
        terrorism technology, the Secretary will conduct a 
        comprehensive review of the design of such technology 
        and determine whether it will perform as intended, 
        conforms to the Seller's specifications, and is safe 
        for use as intended. The Seller will conduct safety and 
        hazard analyses on such technology and will supply the 
        Secretary with all such information.
            (3) Certificate.--For anti-terrorism technology 
        reviewed and approved by the Secretary, the Secretary 
        will issue a certificate of conformance to the Seller 
        and place the anti-terrorism technology on an Approved 
        Product List for Homeland Security.
    (e) Exclusion.--Nothing in this section shall in any way 
limit the ability of any person to seek any form of recovery 
from any person, government, or other entity that--
            (1) attempts to commit, knowingly participates in, 
        aids and abets, or commits any act of terrorism, or any 
        criminal act related to or resulting from such act of 
        terrorism; or
            (2) participates in a conspiracy to commit any such 
        act of terrorism or any such criminal act.

SEC. 864. [6 U.S.C. 443] RISK MANAGEMENT.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Liability insurance required.--Any person or 
        entity that sells or otherwise provides a qualified 
        anti-terrorism technology to Federal and non-Federal 
        Government customers (``Seller'') shall obtain 
        liability insurance of such types and in such amounts 
        as shall be required in accordance with this section 
        and certified by the Secretary to satisfy otherwise 
        compensable third-party claims arising out of, relating 
        to, or resulting from an act of terrorism when 
        qualified anti-terrorism technologies have been 
        deployed in defense against or response or recovery 
        from such act.
            (2) Maximum amount.--For the total claims related 
        to 1 such act of terrorism, the Seller is not required 
        to obtain liability insurance of more than the maximum 
        amount of liability insurance reasonably available from 
        private sources on the world market at prices and terms 
        that will not unreasonably distort the sales price of 
        Seller's anti-terrorism technologies.
            (3) Scope of coverage.--Liability insurance 
        obtained pursuant to this subsection shall, in addition 
        to the Seller, protect the following, to the extent of 
        their potential liability for involvement in the 
        manufacture, qualification, sale, use, or operation of 
        qualified anti-terrorism technologies deployed in 
        defense against or response or recovery from an act of 
        terrorism:
                    (A) Contractors, subcontractors, suppliers, 
                vendors and customers of the Seller.
                    (B) Contractors, subcontractors, suppliers, 
                and vendors of the customer.
            (4) Third party claims.--Such liability insurance 
        under this section shall provide coverage against third 
        party claims arising out of, relating to, or resulting 
        from the sale or use of anti-terrorism technologies.
    (b) Reciprocal Waiver of Claims.--The Seller shall enter 
into a reciprocal waiver of claims with its contractors, 
subcontractors, suppliers, vendors and customers, and 
contractors and subcontractors of the customers, involved in 
the manufacture, sale, use or operation of qualified anti-
terrorism technologies, under which each party to the waiver 
agrees to be responsible for losses, including business 
interruption losses, that it sustains, or for losses sustained 
by its own employees resulting from an activity resulting from 
an act of terrorism when qualified anti-terrorism technologies 
have been deployed in defense against or response or recovery 
from such act.
    (c) Extent of Liability.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, liability for all claims against a Seller 
arising out of, relating to, or resulting from an act of 
terrorism when qualified anti-terrorism technologies have been 
deployed in defense against or response or recovery from such 
act and such claims result or may result in loss to the Seller, 
whether for compensatory or punitive damages or for 
contribution or indemnity, shall not be in an amount greater 
than the limits of liability insurance coverage required to be 
maintained by the Seller under this section.

SEC. 865. [6 U.S.C. 444] DEFINITIONS.

     For purposes of this subtitle, the following definitions 
apply:
            (1) Qualified anti-terrorism technology.--For 
        purposes of this subtitle, the term ``qualified anti-
        terrorism technology'' means any product, equipment, 
        service (including support services), device, or 
        technology (including information technology) designed, 
        developed, modified, or procured for the specific 
        purpose of preventing, detecting, identifying, or 
        deterring acts of terrorism or limiting the harm such 
        acts might otherwise cause, that is designated as such 
        by the Secretary.
            (2) Act of terrorism.--(A) The term ``act of 
        terrorism'' means any act that the Secretary determines 
        meets the requirements under subparagraph (B), as such 
        requirements are further defined and specified by the 
        Secretary.
            (B) Requirements.--An act meets the requirements of 
        this subparagraph if the act--
                    (i) is unlawful;
                    (ii) causes harm to a person, property, or 
                entity, in the United States, or in the case of 
                a domestic United States air carrier or a 
                United States-flag vessel (or a vessel based 
                principally in the United States on which 
                United States income tax is paid and whose 
                insurance coverage is subject to regulation in 
                the United States), in or outside the United 
                States; and
                    (iii) uses or attempts to use 
                instrumentalities, weapons or other methods 
                designed or intended to cause mass destruction, 
                injury or other loss to citizens or 
                institutions of the United States.
            (3) Insurance carrier.--The term ``insurance 
        carrier'' means any corporation, association, society, 
        order, firm, company, mutual, partnership, individual 
        aggregation of individuals, or any other legal entity 
        that provides commercial property and casualty 
        insurance. Such term includes any affiliates of a 
        commercial insurance carrier.
            (4) Liability insurance.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``liability 
                insurance'' means insurance for legal 
                liabilities incurred by the insured resulting 
                from--
                            (i) loss of or damage to property 
                        of others;
                            (ii) ensuing loss of income or 
                        extra expense incurred because of loss 
                        of or damage to property of others;
                            (iii) bodily injury (including) to 
                        persons other than the insured or its 
                        employees; or
                            (iv) loss resulting from debt or 
                        default of another.
            (5) Loss.--The term ``loss'' means death, bodily 
        injury, or loss of or damage to property, including 
        business interruption loss.
            (6) Non-federal government customers.--The term 
        ``non-Federal Government customers'' means any customer 
        of a Seller that is not an agency or instrumentality of 
        the United States Government with authority under 
        Public Law 85-804 to provide for indemnification under 
        certain circumstances for third-party claims against 
        its contractors, including but not limited to State and 
        local authorities and commercial entities.

                  Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 871. [6 U.S.C. 451] ADVISORY COMMITTEES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary may establish, appoint 
members of, and use the services of, advisory committees, as 
the Secretary may deem necessary. An advisory committee 
established under this section may be exempted by the Secretary 
from Public Law 92-463, but the Secretary shall publish notice 
in the Federal Register announcing the establishment of such a 
committee and identifying its purpose and membership. 
Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, members of an advisory 
committee that is exempted by the Secretary under the preceding 
sentence who are special Government employees (as that term is 
defined in section 202 of title 18, United States Code) shall 
be eligible for certifications under subsection (b)(3) of 
section 208 of title 18, United States Code, for official 
actions taken as a member of such advisory committee.
    (b) Termination.--Any advisory committee established by the 
Secretary shall terminate 2 years after the date of its 
establishment, unless the Secretary makes a written 
determination to extend the advisory committee to a specified 
date, which shall not be more than 2 years after the date on 
which such determination is made. The Secretary may make any 
number of subsequent extensions consistent with this 
subsection.

SEC. 872. [6 U.S.C. 452] REORGANIZATION.

    (a) Reorganization.--The Secretary may allocate or 
reallocate functions among the officers of the Department, and 
may establish, consolidate, alter, or discontinue 
organizational units within the Department, but only--
            (1) pursuant to section 1502(b); or
            (2) after the expiration of 60 days after providing 
        notice of such action to the appropriate congressional 
        committees, which shall include an explanation of the 
        rationale for the action.
    (b) Limitations.--
            (1) In general.--Authority under subsection (a)(1) 
        does not extend to the abolition of any agency, entity, 
        organizational unit, program, or function established 
        or required to be maintained by this Act.
            (2) Abolitions.--Authority under subsection (a)(2) 
        does not extend to the abolition of any agency, entity, 
        organizational unit, program, or function established 
        or required to be maintained by statute.

SEC. 873. [6 U.S.C. 453] USE OF APPROPRIATED FUNDS.

    (a) Disposal of Property.--
            (1) Strict compliance.--If specifically authorized 
        to dispose of real property in this or any other Act, 
        the Secretary shall exercise this authority in strict 
        compliance with section 204 of the Federal Property and 
        Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 485).
            (2) Deposit of proceeds.--The Secretary shall 
        deposit the proceeds of any exercise of property 
        disposal authority into the miscellaneous receipts of 
        the Treasury in accordance with section 3302(b) of 
        title 31, United States Code.
    (b) Gifts.--Except as authorized by section 2601 of title 
10, United States Code, by section 93 of title 14, United 
States Code, or by section 525 or 884 of this Act, gifts or 
donations of services or property of or for the Department may 
not be accepted, used, or disposed of unless specifically 
permitted in advance in an appropriations Act and only under 
the conditions and for the purposes specified in such 
appropriations Act.
    (c) Budget Request.--Under section 1105 of title 31, United 
States Code, the President shall submit to Congress a detailed 
budget request for the Department for fiscal year 2004, and for 
each subsequent fiscal year.

SEC. 874. [6 U.S.C. 454] FUTURE YEAR HOMELAND SECURITY PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Each budget request submitted to Congress 
for the Department under section 1105 of title 31, United 
States Code, shall, at or about the same time, be accompanied 
by a Future Years Homeland Security Program.
    (b) Contents.--The Future Years Homeland Security Program 
under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) include the same type of information, 
        organizational structure, and level of detail as the 
        future years defense program submitted to Congress by 
        the Secretary of Defense under section 221 of title 10, 
        United States Code;
            (2) set forth the homeland security strategy of the 
        Department, which shall be developed and updated as 
        appropriate annually by the Secretary, that was used to 
        develop program planning guidance for the Future Years 
        Homeland Security Program; and
            (3) include an explanation of how the resource 
        allocations included in the Future Years Homeland 
        Security Program correlate to the homeland security 
        strategy set forth under paragraph (2).
    (c) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect with 
respect to the preparation and submission of the fiscal year 
2005 budget request for the Department and for any subsequent 
fiscal year, except that the first Future Years Homeland 
Security Program shall be submitted not later than 90 days 
after the Department's fiscal year 2005 budget request is 
submitted to Congress.

SEC. 875. [6 U.S.C. 455] MISCELLANEOUS AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Seal.--The Department shall have a seal, whose design 
is subject to the approval of the President.
    (b) Participation of Members of the Armed Forces.--With 
respect to the Department, the Secretary shall have the same 
authorities that the Secretary of Transportation has with 
respect to the Department of Transportation under section 324 
of title 49, United States Code.
    (c) Redelegation of Functions.--Unless otherwise provided 
in the delegation or by law, any function delegated under this 
Act may be redelegated to any subordinate.
    (d) Investigation of Certain Violent Acts, Shootings, and 
Mass Killings.--
            (1) In general.--At the request of an appropriate 
        law enforcement official of a State or political 
        subdivision, the Secretary, through deployment of the 
        Secret Service or United States Immigration and Customs 
        Enforcement, may assist in the investigation of violent 
        acts and shootings occurring in a place of public use, 
        and in the investigation of mass killings and attempted 
        mass killings. Any assistance provided by the Secretary 
        under this subsection shall be presumed to be within 
        the scope of Federal office or employment.
            (2) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection--
                    (A) the term ``mass killings'' means 3 or 
                more killings in a single incident; and
                    (B) the term ``place of public use'' has 
                the meaning given that term under section 
                2332f(e)(6) of title 18, United States Code.

SEC. 876. [6 U.S.C. 456] MILITARY ACTIVITIES.

    Nothing in this Act shall confer upon the Secretary any 
authority to engage in warfighting, the military defense of the 
United States, or other military activities, nor shall anything 
in this Act limit the existing authority of the Department of 
Defense or the Armed Forces to engage in warfighting, the 
military defense of the United States, or other military 
activities.

SEC. 877. [6 U.S.C. 457] REGULATORY AUTHORITY AND PREEMPTION.

    (a) Regulatory Authority.--Except as otherwise provided in 
sections 306(c), 862(c), and 1706(b), this Act vests no new 
regulatory authority in the Secretary or any other Federal 
official, and transfers to the Secretary or another Federal 
official only such regulatory authority as exists on the date 
of enactment of this Act within any agency, program, or 
function transferred to the Department pursuant to this Act, or 
that on such date of enactment is exercised by another official 
of the executive branch with respect to such agency, program, 
or function. Any such transferred authority may not be 
exercised by an official from whom it is transferred upon 
transfer of such agency, program, or function to the Secretary 
or another Federal official pursuant to this Act. This Act may 
not be construed as altering or diminishing the regulatory 
authority of any other executive agency, except to the extent 
that this Act transfers such authority from the agency.
    (b) Preemption of State or Local Law.--Except as otherwise 
provided in this Act, this Act preempts no State or local law, 
except that any authority to preempt State or local law vested 
in any Federal agency or official transferred to the Department 
pursuant to this Act shall be transferred to the Department 
effective on the date of the transfer to the Department of that 
Federal agency or official.

SEC. 878. [6 U.S.C. 458] OFFICE OF COUNTERNARCOTICS ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) Office.--There is established in the Department an 
Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement, which shall be headed 
by a Director appointed by the President.
    (b) Assignment of Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall assign 
        permanent staff to the Office, consistent with 
        effective management of Department resources.
            (2) Liaisons.--The Secretary shall designate senior 
        employees from each appropriate subdivision of the 
        Department that has significant counternarcotics 
        responsibilities to act as a liaison between that 
        subdivision and the Office of Counternarcotics 
        Enforcement.
    (c) Limitation on Concurrent Employment.--The Director of 
the Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement shall not be 
employed by, assigned to, or serve as the head of, any other 
branch of the Federal Government, any State or local 
government, or any subdivision of the Department other than the 
Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement.
    (d) Responsibilities.--The Secretary shall direct the 
Director of the Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement--
            (1) to coordinate policy and operations within the 
        Department, between the Department and other Federal 
        departments and agencies, and between the Department 
        and State and local agencies with respect to stopping 
        the entry of illegal drugs into the United States;
            (2) to ensure the adequacy of resources within the 
        Department for stopping the entry of illegal drugs into 
        the United States;
            (3) to recommend the appropriate financial and 
        personnel resources necessary to help the Department 
        better fulfill its responsibility to stop the entry of 
        illegal drugs into the United States;
            (4) within the Joint Terrorism Task Force construct 
        to track and sever connections between illegal drug 
        trafficking and terrorism; and
            (5) to be a representative of the Department on all 
        task forces, committees, or other entities whose 
        purpose is to coordinate the counternarcotics 
        enforcement activities of the Department and other 
        Federal, State or local agencies.
    (e) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to authorize direct control of the operations 
conducted by the Directorate of Border and Transportation 
Security, the Coast Guard, or joint terrorism task forces.
    (f) Reports to Congress.--
            (1) Annual budget review.--The Director of the 
        Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement shall, not later 
        than 30 days after the submission by the President to 
        Congress of any request for expenditures for the 
        Department, submit to the Committees on Appropriations 
        and the authorizing committees of jurisdiction of the 
        House of Representatives and the Senate a review and 
        evaluation of such request. The review and evaluation 
        shall--
                    (A) identify any request or subpart of any 
                request that affects or may affect the 
                counternarcotics activities of the Department 
                or any of its subdivisions, or that affects the 
                ability of the Department or any subdivision of 
                the Department to meet its responsibility to 
                stop the entry of illegal drugs into the United 
                States;
                    (B) describe with particularity how such 
                requested funds would be or could be expended 
                in furtherance of counternarcotics activities; 
                and
                    (C) compare such requests with requests for 
                expenditures and amounts appropriated by 
                Congress in the previous fiscal year.
            (2) Evaluation of counternarcotics activities.--The 
        Director of the Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement 
        shall, not later than February 1 of each year, submit 
        to the Committees on Appropriations and the authorizing 
        committees of jurisdiction of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate a review and evaluation 
        of the counternarcotics activities of the Department 
        for the previous fiscal year. The review and evaluation 
        shall--
                    (A) describe the counternarcotics 
                activities of the Department and each 
                subdivision of the Department (whether 
                individually or in cooperation with other 
                subdivisions of the Department, or in 
                cooperation with other branches of the Federal 
                Government or with State or local agencies), 
                including the methods, procedures, and systems 
                (including computer systems) for collecting, 
                analyzing, sharing, and disseminating 
                information concerning narcotics activity 
                within the Department and between the 
                Department and other Federal, State, and local 
                agencies;
                    (B) describe the results of those 
                activities, using quantifiable data whenever 
                possible;
                    (C) state whether those activities were 
                sufficient to meet the responsibility of the 
                Department to stop the entry of illegal drugs 
                into the United States, including a description 
                of the performance measures of effectiveness 
                that were used in making that determination; 
                and
                    (D) recommend, where appropriate, changes 
                to those activities to improve the performance 
                of the Department in meeting its responsibility 
                to stop the entry of illegal drugs into the 
                United States.
            (3) Classified or law enforcement sensitive 
        information.--Any content of a review and evaluation 
        described in the reports required in this subsection 
        that involves information classified under criteria 
        established by an Executive order, or whose public 
        disclosure, as determined by the Secretary, would be 
        detrimental to the law enforcement or national security 
        activities of the Department or any other Federal, 
        State, or local agency, shall be presented to Congress 
        separately from the rest of the review and evaluation.

SEC. 879. [6 U.S.C. 459] OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established within the Office 
of the Secretary an Office of International Affairs. The Office 
shall be headed by a Director, who shall be a senior official 
appointed by the Secretary.
    (b) Duties of the Director.--The Director shall have the 
following duties:
            (1) To promote information and education exchange 
        with nations friendly to the United States in order to 
        promote sharing of best practices and technologies 
        relating to homeland security. Such exchange shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) Exchange of information on research and 
                development on homeland security technologies.
                    (B) Joint training exercises of first 
                responders.
                    (C) Exchange of expertise on terrorism 
                prevention, response, and crisis management.
            (2) To identify areas for homeland security 
        information and training exchange where the United 
        States has a demonstrated weakness and another friendly 
        nation or nations have a demonstrated expertise.
            (3) To plan and undertake international 
        conferences, exchange programs, and training 
        activities.
            (4) To manage international activities within the 
        Department in coordination with other Federal officials 
        with responsibility for counter-terrorism matters.

SEC. 880. [6 U.S.C. 460] PROHIBITION OF THE TERRORISM INFORMATION AND 
                    PREVENTION SYSTEM.

    Any and all activities of the Federal Government to 
implement the proposed component program of the Citizen Corps 
known as Operation TIPS (Terrorism Information and Prevention 
System) are hereby prohibited.

SEC. 881. [6 U.S.C. 461] REVIEW OF PAY AND BENEFIT PLANS.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the 
Secretary shall, in consultation with the Director of the 
Office of Personnel Management, review the pay and benefit 
plans of each agency whose functions are transferred under this 
Act to the Department and, within 90 days after the date of 
enactment, submit a plan to the President of the Senate and the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives and the appropriate 
committees and subcommittees of Congress, for ensuring, to the 
maximum extent practicable, the elimination of disparities in 
pay and benefits throughout the Department, especially among 
law enforcement personnel, that are inconsistent with merit 
system principles set forth in section 2301 of title 5, United 
States Code.

SEC. 882. [6 U.S.C. 462] OFFICE FOR NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION 
                    COORDINATION.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--There is established within the 
        Office of the Secretary the Office of National Capital 
        Region Coordination, to oversee and coordinate Federal 
        programs for and relationships with State, local, and 
        regional authorities in the National Capital Region, as 
        defined under section 2674(f)(2) of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (2) Director.--The Office established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be headed by a Director, who shall 
        be appointed by the Secretary.
            (3) Cooperation.--The Secretary shall cooperate 
        with the Mayor of the District of Columbia, the 
        Governors of Maryland and Virginia, and other State, 
        local, and regional officers in the National Capital 
        Region to integrate the District of Columbia, Maryland, 
        and Virginia into the planning, coordination, and 
        execution of the activities of the Federal Government 
        for the enhancement of domestic preparedness against 
        the consequences of terrorist attacks.
    (b) Responsibilities.--The Office established under 
subsection (a)(1) shall--
            (1) coordinate the activities of the Department 
        relating to the National Capital Region, including 
        cooperation with the Office for State and Local 
        Government Coordination;
            (2) assess, and advocate for, the resources needed 
        by State, local, and regional authorities in the 
        National Capital Region to implement efforts to secure 
        the homeland;
            (3) provide State, local, and regional authorities 
        in the National Capital Region with regular 
        information, research, and technical support to assist 
        the efforts of State, local, and regional authorities 
        in the National Capital Region in securing the 
        homeland;
            (4) develop a process for receiving meaningful 
        input from State, local, and regional authorities and 
        the private sector in the National Capital Region to 
        assist in the development of the homeland security 
        plans and activities of the Federal Government;
            (5) coordinate with Federal agencies in the 
        National Capital Region on terrorism preparedness, to 
        ensure adequate planning, information sharing, 
        training, and execution of the Federal role in domestic 
        preparedness activities;
            (6) coordinate with Federal, State, local, and 
        regional agencies, and the private sector in the 
        National Capital Region on terrorism preparedness to 
        ensure adequate planning, information sharing, 
        training, and execution of domestic preparedness 
        activities among these agencies and entities; and
            (7) serve as a liaison between the Federal 
        Government and State, local, and regional authorities, 
        and private sector entities in the National Capital 
        Region to facilitate access to Federal grants and other 
        programs.
    (c) Annual Report.--The Office established under subsection 
(a) shall submit an annual report to Congress that includes--
            (1) the identification of the resources required to 
        fully implement homeland security efforts in the 
        National Capital Region;
            (2) an assessment of the progress made by the 
        National Capital Region in implementing homeland 
        security efforts; and
            (3) recommendations to Congress regarding the 
        additional resources needed to fully implement homeland 
        security efforts in the National Capital Region.
    (d) Limitation.--Nothing contained in this section shall be 
construed as limiting the power of State and local governments.

SEC. 883. [6 U.S.C. 463] REQUIREMENT TO COMPLY WITH LAWS PROTECTING 
                    EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY AND PROVIDING 
                    WHISTLEBLOWER PROTECTIONS.

     Nothing in this Act shall be construed as exempting the 
Department from requirements applicable with respect to 
executive agencies--
            (1) to provide equal employment protection for 
        employees of the Department (including pursuant to the 
        provisions in section 2302(b)(1) of title 5, United 
        States Code, and the Notification and Federal Employee 
        Antidiscrimination and Retaliation Act of 2002 (Public 
        Law 107-174)); or
            (2) to provide whistleblower protections for 
        employees of the Department (including pursuant to the 
        provisions in section 2302(b)(8) and (9) of such title 
        and the Notification and Federal Employee 
        Antidiscrimination and Retaliation Act of 2002).

SEC. 884. [6 U.S.C. 464] FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT TRAINING CENTERS.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall maintain in the 
Department the Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers 
(FLETC), headed by a Director, who shall report to the 
Secretary.
    (b) Position.--The Director shall occupy a career-reserved 
position within the Senior Executive Service.
    (c) Functions of the Director.--The Director shall--
            (1) develop training goals and establish strategic 
        and tactical organizational program plan and 
        priorities;
            (2) provide direction and management for FLETC's 
        training facilities, programs, and support activities 
        while ensuring that organizational program goals and 
        priorities are executed in an effective and efficient 
        manner;
            (3) develop homeland security and law enforcement 
        training curricula, including curricula related to 
        domestic preparedness and response to threats or acts 
        of terrorism, for Federal, State, local, tribal, 
        territorial, and international law enforcement and 
        security agencies and private sector security agencies;
            (4) monitor progress toward strategic and tactical 
        FLETC plans regarding training curricula, including 
        curricula related to domestic preparedness and response 
        to threats or acts of terrorism, and facilities;
            (5) ensure the timely dissemination of homeland 
        security information as necessary to Federal, State, 
        local, tribal, territorial, and international law 
        enforcement and security agencies and the private 
        sector to achieve the training goals for such entities, 
        in accordance with paragraph (1);
            (6) carry out delegated acquisition 
        responsibilities in a manner that--
                    (A) fully complies with--
                            (i) Federal law;
                            (ii) the Federal Acquisition 
                        Regulation, including requirements 
                        regarding agency obligations to 
                        contract only with responsible 
                        prospective contractors; and
                            (iii) Department acquisition 
                        management directives; and
                    (B) maximizes opportunities for small 
                business participation;
            (7) coordinate and share information with the heads 
        of relevant components and offices on digital learning 
        and training resources, as appropriate;
            (8) advise the Secretary on matters relating to 
        executive level policy and program administration of 
        Federal, State, local, tribal, territorial, and 
        international law enforcement and security training 
        activities and private sector security agency training 
        activities, including training activities related to 
        domestic preparedness and response to threats or acts 
        of terrorism;
            (9) collaborate with the Secretary and relevant 
        officials at other Federal departments and agencies, as 
        appropriate, to improve international instructional 
        development, training, and technical assistance 
        provided by the Federal Government to foreign law 
        enforcement; and
            (10) carry out such other functions as the 
        Secretary determines are appropriate.
    (d) Training Responsibilities.--
            (1) In general.--The Director is authorized to 
        provide training to employees of Federal agencies who 
        are engaged, directly or indirectly, in homeland 
        security operations or Federal law enforcement 
        activities, including such operations or activities 
        related to domestic preparedness and response to 
        threats or acts of terrorism. In carrying out such 
        training, the Director shall--
                    (A) evaluate best practices of law 
                enforcement training methods and curriculum 
                content to maintain state-of-the-art expertise 
                in adult learning methodology;
                    (B) provide expertise and technical 
                assistance, including on domestic preparedness 
                and response to threats or acts of terrorism, 
                to Federal, State, local, tribal, territorial, 
                and international law enforcement and security 
                agencies and private sector security agencies; 
                and
                    (C) maintain a performance evaluation 
                process for students.
            (2) Relationship with law enforcement agencies.--
        The Director shall consult with relevant law 
        enforcement and security agencies in the development 
        and delivery of FLETC's training programs.
            (3) Training delivery locations.--The training 
        required under paragraph (1) may be conducted at FLETC 
        facilities, at appropriate off-site locations, or by 
        distributed learning.
            (4) Strategic partnerships.--
                    (A) In general.--The Director may--
                            (i) execute strategic partnerships 
                        with State and local law enforcement to 
                        provide such law enforcement with 
                        specific training, including maritime 
                        law enforcement training; and
                            (ii) coordinate with the Director 
                        of Cybersecurity and Infrastructure 
                        Security and with private sector 
                        stakeholders, including critical 
                        infrastructure owners and operators, to 
                        provide training pertinent to improving 
                        coordination, security, and resiliency 
                        of critical infrastructure.
                    (B) Provision of information.--The Director 
                shall provide to the Committee on Homeland 
                Security of the House of Representatives and 
                the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                Governmental Affairs of the Senate, upon 
                request, information on activities undertaken 
                in the previous year pursuant to subparagraph 
                (A).
            (5) FLETC details to dhs.--The Director may detail 
        employees of FLETC to positions throughout the 
        Department in furtherance of improving the 
        effectiveness and quality of training provided by the 
        Department and, as appropriate, the development of 
        critical departmental programs and initiatives.
            (6) Detail of instructors to fletc.--Partner 
        organizations that wish to participate in FLETC 
        training programs shall assign non-reimbursable 
        detailed instructors to FLETC for designated time 
        periods to support all training programs at FLETC, as 
        appropriate. The Director shall determine the number of 
        detailed instructors that is proportional to the number 
        of training hours requested by each partner 
        organization scheduled by FLETC for each fiscal year. 
        If a partner organization is unable to provide a 
        proportional number of detailed instructors, such 
        partner organization shall reimburse FLETC for the 
        salary equivalent for such detailed instructors, as 
        appropriate.
            (7) Partner organization expenses requirements.--
                    (A) In general.--Partner organizations 
                shall be responsible for the following 
                expenses:
                            (i) Salaries, travel expenses, 
                        lodging expenses, and miscellaneous per 
                        diem allowances of their personnel 
                        attending training courses at FLETC.
                            (ii) Salaries and travel expenses 
                        of instructors and support personnel 
                        involved in conducting advanced 
                        training at FLETC for partner 
                        organization personnel and the cost of 
                        expendable supplies and special 
                        equipment for such training, unless 
                        such supplies and equipment are common 
                        to FLETC-conducted training and have 
                        been included in FLETC's budget for the 
                        applicable fiscal year.
                    (B) Excess basic and advanced federal 
                training.--All hours of advanced training and 
                hours of basic training provided in excess of 
                the training for which appropriations were made 
                available shall be paid by the partner 
                organizations and provided to FLETC on a 
                reimbursable basis in accordance with section 
                4104 of title 5, United States Code.
            (8) Provision of non-federal training.--
                    (A) In general.--The Director is authorized 
                to charge and retain fees that would pay for 
                its actual costs of the training for the 
                following:
                            (i) State, local, tribal, and 
                        territorial law enforcement personnel.
                            (ii) Foreign law enforcement 
                        officials, including provision of such 
                        training at the International Law 
                        Enforcement Academies wherever 
                        established.
                            (iii) Private sector security 
                        officers, participants in the Federal 
                        Flight Deck Officer program under 
                        section 44921 of title 49, United 
                        States Code, and other appropriate 
                        private sector individuals.
                    (B) Waiver.--The Director may waive the 
                requirement for reimbursement of any cost under 
                this section and shall maintain records 
                regarding the reasons for any requirements so 
                waived.
            (9) Reimbursement.--The Director is authorized to 
        reimburse travel or other expenses for non-Federal 
        personnel who attend activities related to training 
        sponsored by FLETC, at travel and per diem rates 
        established by the General Services Administration.
            (10) Student support.--In furtherance of its 
        training mission, the Director is authorized to provide 
        the following support to students:
                    (A) Athletic and related activities.
                    (B) Short-term medical services.
                    (C) Chaplain services.
            (11) Authority to hire federal annuitants.--
                    (A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, the Director is authorized to 
                appoint and maintain, as necessary, Federal 
                annuitants who have expert knowledge and 
                experience to meet the training 
                responsibilities under this subsection.
                    (B) No reduction in retirement pay.--A 
                Federal annuitant employed pursuant to this 
                paragraph shall not be subject to any reduction 
                in pay for annuity allocable to the period of 
                actual employment under the provisions of 
                section 8344 or 8468 of title 5, United States 
                Code, or similar provision of any other 
                retirement system for employees.
                    (C) Re-employed annuitants.--A Federal 
                annuitant employed pursuant to this paragraph 
                shall not be considered an employee for 
                purposes of subchapter III of chapter 83 or 
                chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, or 
                such other retirement system (referred to in 
                subparagraph (B)) as may apply.
                    (D) Counting.--Federal annuitants shall be 
                counted on a full time equivalent basis.
                    (E) Limitation.--No appointment under this 
                paragraph may be made which would result in the 
                displacement of any employee.
            (12) Travel for intermittent employees.--The 
        Director is authorized to reimburse intermittent 
        Federal employees traveling from outside a commuting 
        distance (to be predetermined by the Director) for 
        travel expenses.
    (e) On-fletc Housing.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, individuals attending training at any FLETC facility 
shall, to the extent practicable and in accordance with FLETC 
policy, reside in on-FLETC or FLETC-provided housing.
    (f) Additional Fiscal Authorities.--In order to further the 
goals and objectives of FLETC, the Director is authorized to--
            (1) expend funds for public awareness and to 
        enhance community support of law enforcement training, 
        including the advertisement of available law 
        enforcement training programs;
            (2) accept and use gifts of property, both real and 
        personal, and to accept gifts of services, for purposes 
        that promote the functions of the Director pursuant to 
        subsection (c) and the training responsibilities of the 
        Director under subsection (d);
            (3) accept reimbursement from other Federal 
        agencies for the construction or renovation of training 
        and support facilities and the use of equipment and 
        technology on government owned-property;
            (4) obligate funds in anticipation of 
        reimbursements from agencies receiving training at 
        FLETC, except that total obligations at the end of a 
        fiscal year may not exceed total budgetary resources 
        available at the end of such fiscal year;
            (5) in accordance with the purchasing authority 
        provided under section 505 of the Department of 
        Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2004 (Public Law 
        108-90; 6 U.S.C. 453a)--
                    (A) purchase employee and student uniforms; 
                and
                    (B) purchase and lease passenger motor 
                vehicles, including vehicles for police-type 
                use;
            (6) provide room and board for student interns; and
            (7) expend funds each fiscal year to honor and 
        memorialize FLETC graduates who have died in the line 
        of duty.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Basic training.--The term ``basic training'' 
        means the entry-level training required to instill in 
        new Federal law enforcement personnel fundamental 
        knowledge of criminal laws, law enforcement and 
        investigative techniques, laws and rules of evidence, 
        rules of criminal procedure, constitutional rights, 
        search and seizure, and related issues.
            (2) Detailed instructors.--The term ``detailed 
        instructors'' means personnel who are assigned to the 
        Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers for a period 
        of time to serve as instructors for the purpose of 
        conducting basic and advanced training.
            (3) Director.--The term ``Director'' means the 
        Director of the Federal Law Enforcement Training 
        Centers.
            (4) Distributed learning.--The term ``distributed 
        learning'' means education in which students take 
        academic courses by accessing information and 
        communicating with the instructor, from various 
        locations, on an individual basis, over a computer 
        network or via other technologies.
            (5) Employee.--The term ``employee'' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 2105 of title 5, 
        United States Code.
            (6) Federal agency.--The term ``Federal agency'' 
        means--
                    (A) an Executive Department as defined in 
                section 101 of title 5, United States Code;
                    (B) an independent establishment as defined 
                in section 104 of title 5, United States Code;
                    (C) a Government corporation as defined in 
                section 9101 of title 31, United States Code;
                    (D) the Government Printing Office;
                    (E) the United States Capitol Police;
                    (F) the United States Supreme Court Police; 
                and
                    (G) Government agencies with law 
                enforcement related duties.
            (7) Law enforcement personnel.--The term ``law 
        enforcement personnel'' means an individual, including 
        criminal investigators (commonly known as ``agents'') 
        and uniformed police (commonly known as ``officers''), 
        who has statutory authority to search, seize, make 
        arrests, or to carry firearms.
            (8) Local.--The term ``local'' means--
                    (A) of or pertaining to any county, parish, 
                municipality, city, town, township, rural 
                community, unincorporated town or village, 
                local public authority, educational 
                institution, special district, intrastate 
                district, council of governments (regardless of 
                whether the council of governments is 
                incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under 
                State law), regional or interstate government 
                entity, any agency or instrumentality of a 
                local government, or any other political 
                subdivision of a State; and
                    (B) an Indian tribe or authorized tribal 
                organization, or in Alaska a Native village or 
                Alaska Regional Native Corporation.
            (9) Partner organization.--The term ``partner 
        organization'' means any Federal agency participating 
        in FLETC's training programs under a formal memorandum 
        of understanding.
            (10) State.--The term ``State'' means any State of 
        the United States, the District of Columbia, the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, 
        American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands, and any possession of the United 
        States.
            (11) Student intern.--The term ``student intern'' 
        means any eligible baccalaureate or graduate degree 
        student participating in FLETC's College Intern 
        Program.
    (h) Prohibition on New Funding.--No funds are authorized to 
carry out this section. This section shall be carried out using 
amounts otherwise appropriated or made available for such 
purpose.

SEC. 885. [6 U.S.C. 465] JOINT INTERAGENCY TASK FORCE.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary may establish and operate 
a permanent Joint Interagency Homeland Security Task Force 
composed of representatives from military and civilian agencies 
of the United States Government for the purposes of 
anticipating terrorist threats against the United States and 
taking appropriate actions to prevent harm to the United 
States.
    (b) Structure.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary should model the Joint Interagency Homeland Security 
Task Force on the approach taken by the Joint Interagency Task 
Forces for drug interdiction at Key West, Florida and Alameda, 
California, to the maximum extent feasible and appropriate.

SEC. 886. [6 U.S.C. 466] SENSE OF CONGRESS REAFFIRMING THE CONTINUED 
                    IMPORTANCE AND APPLICABILITY OF THE POSSE COMITATUS 
                    ACT.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Section 1385 of title 18, United States Code 
        (commonly known as the ``Posse Comitatus Act''), 
        prohibits the use of the Armed Forces as a posse 
        comitatus to execute the laws except in cases and under 
        circumstances expressly authorized by the Constitution 
        or Act of Congress.
            (2) Enacted in 1878, the Posse Comitatus Act was 
        expressly intended to prevent United States Marshals, 
        on their own initiative, from calling on the Army for 
        assistance in enforcing Federal law.
            (3) The Posse Comitatus Act has served the Nation 
        well in limiting the use of the Armed Forces to enforce 
        the law.
            (4) Nevertheless, by its express terms, the Posse 
        Comitatus Act is not a complete barrier to the use of 
        the Armed Forces for a range of domestic purposes, 
        including law enforcement functions, when the use of 
        the Armed Forces is authorized by Act of Congress or 
        the President determines that the use of the Armed 
        Forces is required to fulfill the President's 
        obligations under the Constitution to respond promptly 
        in time of war, insurrection, or other serious 
        emergency.
            (5) Existing laws, including chapter 13 of title 
        10, United States Code (commonly known as the 
        ``Insurrection Act''), and the Robert T. Stafford 
        Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
        5121 et seq.), grant the President broad powers that 
        may be invoked in the event of domestic emergencies, 
        including an attack against the Nation using weapons of 
        mass destruction, and these laws specifically authorize 
        the President to use the Armed Forces to help restore 
        public order.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress reaffirms the continued 
importance of section 1385 of title 18, United States Code, and 
it is the sense of Congress that nothing in this Act should be 
construed to alter the applicability of such section to any use 
of the Armed Forces as a posse comitatus to execute the laws.

SEC. 887. [6 U.S.C. 467] COORDINATION WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND 
                    HUMAN SERVICES UNDER THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT.

    (a) In General.--The annual Federal response plan developed 
by the Department shall be consistent with section 319 of the 
Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d).
    (b) Disclosures Among Relevant Agencies.--
            (1) In general.--Full disclosure among relevant 
        agencies shall be made in accordance with this 
        subsection.
            (2) Public health emergency.--During the period in 
        which the Secretary of Health and Human Services has 
        declared the existence of a public health emergency 
        under section 319(a) of the Public Health Service Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 247d(a)), the Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services shall keep relevant agencies, including the 
        Department of Homeland Security, the Department of 
        Justice, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, fully 
        and currently informed.
            (3) Potential public health emergency.--In cases 
        involving, or potentially involving, a public health 
        emergency, but in which no determination of an 
        emergency by the Secretary of Health and Human Services 
        under section 319(a) of the Public Health Service Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 247d(a)), has been made, all relevant 
        agencies, including the Department of Homeland 
        Security, the Department of Justice, and the Federal 
        Bureau of Investigation, shall keep the Secretary of 
        Health and Human Services and the Director of the 
        Centers for Disease Control and Prevention fully and 
        currently informed.

SEC. 888. [6 U.S.C. 468] PRESERVING COAST GUARD MISSION PERFORMANCE.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Non-homeland security missions.--The term 
        ``non-homeland security missions'' means the following 
        missions of the Coast Guard:
                    (A) Marine safety.
                    (B) Search and rescue.
                    (C) Aids to navigation.
                    (D) Living marine resources (fisheries law 
                enforcement).
                    (E) Marine environmental protection.
                    (F) Ice operations.
            (2) Homeland security missions.--The term 
        ``homeland security missions'' means the following 
        missions of the Coast Guard:
                    (A) Ports, waterways and coastal security.
                    (B) Drug interdiction.
                    (C) Migrant interdiction.
                    (D) Defense readiness.
                    (E) Other law enforcement.
    (b) Transfer.--There are transferred to the Department the 
authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast 
Guard, which shall be maintained as a distinct entity within 
the Department, including the authorities and functions of the 
Secretary of Transportation relating thereto.
    (c) Maintenance of Status of Functions and Assets.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the 
authorities, functions, and capabilities of the Coast Guard to 
perform its missions shall be maintained intact and without 
significant reduction after the transfer of the Coast Guard to 
the Department, except as specified in subsequent Acts.
    (d) Certain Transfers Prohibited.--No mission, function, or 
asset (including for purposes of this subsection any ship, 
aircraft, or helicopter) of the Coast Guard may be diverted to 
the principal and continuing use of any other organization, 
unit, or entity of the Department, except for details or 
assignments that do not reduce the Coast Guard's capability to 
perform its missions.
    (e) Changes to Missions.--
            (1) Prohibition.--The Secretary may not 
        substantially or significantly reduce the missions of 
        the Coast Guard or the Coast Guard's capability to 
        perform those missions, except as specified in 
        subsequent Acts.
            (2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the 
        restrictions under paragraph (1) for a period of not to 
        exceed 90 days upon a declaration and certification by 
        the Secretary to Congress that a clear, compelling, and 
        immediate need exists for such a waiver. A 
        certification under this paragraph shall include a 
        detailed justification for the declaration and 
        certification, including the reasons and specific 
        information that demonstrate that the Nation and the 
        Coast Guard cannot respond effectively if the 
        restrictions under paragraph (1) are not waived.
    (f) Direct Reporting to Secretary.--Upon the transfer of 
the Coast Guard to the Department, the Commandant shall report 
directly to the Secretary without being required to report 
through any other official of the Department.
    (g) Operation as a Service in the Navy.--None of the 
conditions and restrictions in this section shall apply when 
the Coast Guard operates as a service in the Navy under section 
3 of title 14, United States Code.

SEC. 889. HOMELAND SECURITY FUNDING ANALYSIS IN PRESIDENT'S BUDGET.

    (a)
          * * * * * * *
    (c) [31 U.S.C. 1105 note] Effective Date.--This section and 
the amendment made by this section shall apply beginning with 
respect to the fiscal year 2005 budget submission.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 890A. [6 U.S.C. 473] CYBER CRIMES CENTER, CHILD EXPLOITATION 
                    INVESTIGATIONS UNIT, COMPUTER FORENSICS UNIT, AND 
                    CYBER CRIMES UNIT.

    (a) Cyber Crimes Center.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall operate, 
        within United States Immigration and Customs 
        Enforcement, a Cyber Crimes Center (referred to in this 
        section as the ``Center'').
            (2) Purpose.--The purpose of the Center shall be to 
        provide investigative assistance, training, and 
        equipment to support United States Immigration and 
        Customs Enforcement's domestic and international 
        investigations of cyber-related crimes.
    (b) Child Exploitation Investigations Unit.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall operate, 
        within the Center, a Child Exploitation Investigations 
        Unit (referred to in this subsection as the ``CEIU'').
            (2) Functions.--The CEIU--
                    (A) shall coordinate all United States 
                Immigration and Customs Enforcement child 
                exploitation initiatives, including 
                investigations into--
                            (i) child exploitation;
                            (ii) child pornography;
                            (iii) child victim identification;
                            (iv) traveling child sex offenders; 
                        and
                            (v) forced child labor, including 
                        the sexual exploitation of minors;
                    (B) shall, among other things, focus on--
                            (i) child exploitation prevention;
                            (ii) investigative capacity 
                        building;
                            (iii) enforcement operations; and
                            (iv) training for Federal, State, 
                        local, tribal, and foreign law 
                        enforcement agency personnel, upon 
                        request;
                    (C) shall provide training, technical 
                expertise, support, or coordination of child 
                exploitation investigations, as needed, to 
                cooperating law enforcement agencies and 
                personnel;
                    (D) shall provide psychological support and 
                counseling services for United States 
                Immigration and Customs Enforcement personnel 
                engaged in child exploitation prevention 
                initiatives, including making available other 
                existing services to assist employees who are 
                exposed to child exploitation material during 
                investigations;
                    (E) is authorized to collaborate with the 
                Department of Defense and the National 
                Association to Protect Children for the purpose 
                of the recruiting, training, equipping and 
                hiring of wounded, ill, and injured veterans 
                and transitioning service members, through the 
                Human Exploitation Rescue Operative (HERO) 
                Child Rescue Corps program; and
                    (F) shall collaborate with other 
                governmental, nongovernmental, and nonprofit 
                entities approved by the Secretary for the 
                sponsorship of, and participation in, outreach 
                and training activities.
            (3) Data collection.--The CEIU shall collect and 
        maintain data concerning--
                    (A) the total number of suspects identified 
                by United States Immigration and Customs 
                Enforcement;
                    (B) the number of arrests by United States 
                Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 
                disaggregated by type, including--
                            (i) the number of victims 
                        identified through investigations 
                        carried out by United States 
                        Immigration and Customs Enforcement; 
                        and
                            (ii) the number of suspects 
                        arrested who were in positions of trust 
                        or authority over children;
                    (C) the number of cases opened for 
                investigation by United States Immigration and 
                Customs Enforcement; and
                    (D) the number of cases resulting in a 
                Federal, State, foreign, or military 
                prosecution.
            (4) Availability of data to congress.--In addition 
        to submitting the reports required under paragraph (7), 
        the CEIU shall make the data collected and maintained 
        under paragraph (3) available to the committees of 
        Congress described in paragraph (7).
            (5) Cooperative agreements.--The CEIU is authorized 
        to enter into cooperative agreements to accomplish the 
        functions set forth in paragraphs (2) and (3).
            (6) Acceptance of gifts.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary is 
                authorized to accept monies and in-kind 
                donations from the Virtual Global Taskforce, 
                national laboratories, Federal agencies, not-
                for-profit organizations, and educational 
                institutions to create and expand public 
                awareness campaigns in support of the functions 
                of the CEIU.
                    (B) Exemption from federal acquisition 
                regulation.--Gifts authorized under 
                subparagraph (A) shall not be subject to the 
                Federal Acquisition Regulation for competition 
                when the services provided by the entities 
                referred to in such subparagraph are donated or 
                of minimal cost to the Department.
            (7) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of the enactment of the HERO Act of 2015, and annually 
        for the following 4 years, the CEIU shall--
                    (A) submit a report containing a summary of 
                the data collected pursuant to paragraph (3) 
                during the previous year to--
                            (i) the Committee on Homeland 
                        Security and Governmental Affairs of 
                        the Senate;
                            (ii) the Committee on the Judiciary 
                        of the Senate;
                            (iii) the Committee on 
                        Appropriations of the Senate;
                            (iv) the Committee on Homeland 
                        Security of the House of 
                        Representatives;
                            (v) the Committee on the Judiciary 
                        of the House of Representatives; and
                            (vi) the Committee on 
                        Appropriations of the House of 
                        Representatives; and
                    (B) make a copy of each report submitted 
                under subparagraph (A) publicly available on 
                the website of the Department.
    (c) Computer Forensics Unit.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall operate, 
        within the Center, a Computer Forensics Unit (referred 
        to in this subsection as the ``CFU'').
            (2) Functions.--The CFU--
                    (A) shall provide training and technical 
                support in digital forensics to--
                            (i) United States Immigration and 
                        Customs Enforcement personnel; and
                            (ii) Federal, State, local, tribal, 
                        military, and foreign law enforcement 
                        agency personnel engaged in the 
                        investigation of crimes within their 
                        respective jurisdictions, upon request 
                        and subject to the availability of 
                        funds;
                    (B) shall provide computer hardware, 
                software, and forensic licenses for all 
                computer forensics personnel within United 
                States Immigration and Customs Enforcement;
                    (C) shall participate in research and 
                development in the area of digital forensics, 
                in coordination with appropriate components of 
                the Department; and
                    (D) is authorized to collaborate with the 
                Department of Defense and the National 
                Association to Protect Children for the purpose 
                of recruiting, training, equipping, and hiring 
                wounded, ill, and injured veterans and 
                transitioning service members, through the 
                Human Exploitation Rescue Operative (HERO) 
                Child Rescue Corps program.
            (3) Cooperative agreements.--The CFU is authorized 
        to enter into cooperative agreements to accomplish the 
        functions set forth in paragraph (2).
            (4) Acceptance of gifts.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary is 
                authorized to accept monies and in-kind 
                donations from the Virtual Global Task Force, 
                national laboratories, Federal agencies, not-
                for-profit organizations, and educational 
                institutions to create and expand public 
                awareness campaigns in support of the functions 
                of the CFU.
                    (B) Exemption from federal acquisition 
                regulation.--Gifts authorized under 
                subparagraph (A) shall not be subject to the 
                Federal Acquisition Regulation for competition 
                when the services provided by the entities 
                referred to in such subparagraph are donated or 
                of minimal cost to the Department.
    (d) Cyber Crimes Unit.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall operate, 
        within the Center, a Cyber Crimes Unit (referred to in 
        this subsection as the ``CCU'').
            (2) Functions.--The CCU--
                    (A) shall oversee the cyber security 
                strategy and cyber-related operations and 
                programs for United States Immigration and 
                Customs Enforcement;
                    (B) shall enhance United States Immigration 
                and Customs Enforcement's ability to combat 
                criminal enterprises operating on or through 
                the Internet, with specific focus in the areas 
                of--
                            (i) cyber economic crime;
                            (ii) digital theft of intellectual 
                        property;
                            (iii) illicit e-commerce (including 
                        hidden marketplaces);
                            (iv) Internet-facilitated 
                        proliferation of arms and strategic 
                        technology; and
                            (v) cyber-enabled smuggling and 
                        money laundering;
                    (C) shall provide training and technical 
                support in cyber investigations to--
                            (i) United States Immigration and 
                        Customs Enforcement personnel; and
                            (ii) Federal, State, local, tribal, 
                        military, and foreign law enforcement 
                        agency personnel engaged in the 
                        investigation of crimes within their 
                        respective jurisdictions, upon request 
                        and subject to the availability of 
                        funds;
                    (D) shall participate in research and 
                development in the area of cyber 
                investigations, in coordination with 
                appropriate components of the Department; and
                    (E) is authorized to recruit participants 
                of the Human Exploitation Rescue Operative 
                (HERO) Child Rescue Corps program for 
                investigative and forensic positions in support 
                of the functions of the CCU.
            (3) Cooperative agreements.--The CCU is authorized 
        to enter into cooperative agreements to accomplish the 
        functions set forth in paragraph (2).
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to the Secretary such sums as are necessary 
to carry out this section.

                    Subtitle I--Information Sharing

SEC. 891. [6 U.S.C. 481] SHORT TITLE; FINDINGS; AND SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    (a) Short Title.--This subtitle may be cited as the 
``Homeland Security Information Sharing Act''.
    (b) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Federal Government is required by the 
        Constitution to provide for the common defense, which 
        includes terrorist attack.
            (2) The Federal Government relies on State and 
        local personnel to protect against terrorist attack.
            (3) The Federal Government collects, creates, 
        manages, and protects classified and sensitive but 
        unclassified information to enhance homeland security.
            (4) Some homeland security information is needed by 
        the State and local personnel to prevent and prepare 
        for terrorist attack.
            (5) The needs of State and local personnel to have 
        access to relevant homeland security information to 
        combat terrorism must be reconciled with the need to 
        preserve the protected status of such information and 
        to protect the sources and methods used to acquire such 
        information.
            (6) Granting security clearances to certain State 
        and local personnel is one way to facilitate the 
        sharing of information regarding specific terrorist 
        threats among Federal, State, and local levels of 
        government.
            (7) Methods exist to declassify, redact, or 
        otherwise adapt classified information so it may be 
        shared with State and local personnel without the need 
        for granting additional security clearances.
            (8) State and local personnel have capabilities and 
        opportunities to gather information on suspicious 
        activities and terrorist threats not possessed by 
        Federal agencies.
            (9) The Federal Government and State and local 
        governments and agencies in other jurisdictions may 
        benefit from such information.
            (10) Federal, State, and local governments and 
        intelligence, law enforcement, and other emergency 
        preparation and response agencies must act in 
        partnership to maximize the benefits of information 
        gathering and analysis to prevent and respond to 
        terrorist attacks.
            (11) Information systems, including the National 
        Law Enforcement Telecommunications System and the 
        Terrorist Threat Warning System, have been established 
        for rapid sharing of classified and sensitive but 
        unclassified information among Federal, State, and 
        local entities.
            (12) Increased efforts to share homeland security 
        information should avoid duplicating existing 
        information systems.
    (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
Federal, State, and local entities should share homeland 
security information to the maximum extent practicable, with 
special emphasis on hard-to-reach urban and rural communities.

SEC. 892. [6 U.S.C. 482] FACILITATING HOMELAND SECURITY INFORMATION 
                    SHARING PROCEDURES.

    (a) Procedures for Determining Extent of Sharing of 
Homeland Security Information.--
            (1) The President shall prescribe and implement 
        procedures under which relevant Federal agencies--
                    (A) share relevant and appropriate homeland 
                security information with other Federal 
                agencies, including the Department, and 
                appropriate State and local personnel;
                    (B) identify and safeguard homeland 
                security information that is sensitive but 
                unclassified; and
                    (C) to the extent such information is in 
                classified form, determine whether, how, and to 
                what extent to remove classified information, 
                as appropriate, and with which such personnel 
                it may be shared after such information is 
                removed.
            (2) The President shall ensure that such procedures 
        apply to all agencies of the Federal Government.
            (3) Such procedures shall not change the 
        substantive requirements for the classification and 
        safeguarding of classified information.
            (4) Such procedures shall not change the 
        requirements and authorities to protect sources and 
        methods.
    (b) Procedures for Sharing of Homeland Security 
Information.--
            (1) Under procedures prescribed by the President, 
        all appropriate agencies, including the intelligence 
        community, shall, through information sharing systems, 
        share homeland security information with Federal 
        agencies and appropriate State and local personnel to 
        the extent such information may be shared, as 
        determined in accordance with subsection (a), together 
        with assessments of the credibility of such 
        information.
            (2) Each information sharing system through which 
        information is shared under paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) have the capability to transmit 
                unclassified or classified information, though 
                the procedures and recipients for each 
                capability may differ;
                    (B) have the capability to restrict 
                delivery of information to specified subgroups 
                by geographic location, type of organization, 
                position of a recipient within an organization, 
                or a recipient's need to know such information;
                    (C) be configured to allow the efficient 
                and effective sharing of information; and
                    (D) be accessible to appropriate State and 
                local personnel.
            (3) The procedures prescribed under paragraph (1) 
        shall establish conditions on the use of information 
        shared under paragraph (1)--
                    (A) to limit the redissemination of such 
                information to ensure that such information is 
                not used for an unauthorized purpose;
                    (B) to ensure the security and 
                confidentiality of such information;
                    (C) to protect the constitutional and 
                statutory rights of any individuals who are 
                subjects of such information; and
                    (D) to provide data integrity through the 
                timely removal and destruction of obsolete or 
                erroneous names and information.
            (4) The procedures prescribed under paragraph (1) 
        shall ensure, to the greatest extent practicable, that 
        the information sharing system through which 
        information is shared under such paragraph include 
        existing information sharing systems, including, but 
        not limited to, the National Law Enforcement 
        Telecommunications System, the Regional Information 
        Sharing System, and the Terrorist Threat Warning System 
        of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
            (5) Each appropriate Federal agency, as determined 
        by the President, shall have access to each information 
        sharing system through which information is shared 
        under paragraph (1), and shall therefore have access to 
        all information, as appropriate, shared under such 
        paragraph.
            (6) The procedures prescribed under paragraph (1) 
        shall ensure that appropriate State and local personnel 
        are authorized to use such information sharing 
        systems--
                    (A) to access information shared with such 
                personnel; and
                    (B) to share, with others who have access 
                to such information sharing systems, the 
                homeland security information of their own 
                jurisdictions, which shall be marked 
                appropriately as pertaining to potential 
                terrorist activity.
            (7) Under procedures prescribed jointly by the 
        Director of Central Intelligence and the Attorney 
        General, each appropriate Federal agency, as determined 
        by the President, shall review and assess the 
        information shared under paragraph (6) and integrate 
        such information with existing intelligence.
    (c) Sharing of Classified Information and Sensitive but 
Unclassified Information With State and Local Personnel.--
            (1) The President shall prescribe procedures under 
        which Federal agencies may, to the extent the President 
        considers necessary, share with appropriate State and 
        local personnel homeland security information that 
        remains classified or otherwise protected after the 
        determinations prescribed under the procedures set 
        forth in subsection (a).
            (2) It is the sense of Congress that such 
        procedures may include 1 or more of the following 
        means:
                    (A) Carrying out security clearance 
                investigations with respect to appropriate 
                State and local personnel.
                    (B) With respect to information that is 
                sensitive but unclassified, entering into 
                nondisclosure agreements with appropriate State 
                and local personnel.
                    (C) Increased use of information-sharing 
                partnerships that include appropriate State and 
                local personnel, such as the Joint Terrorism 
                Task Forces of the Federal Bureau of 
                Investigation, the Anti-Terrorism Task Forces 
                of the Department of Justice, and regional 
                Terrorism Early Warning Groups.
            (3)(A) The Secretary shall establish a program to 
        provide appropriate training to officials described in 
        subparagraph (B) in order to assist such officials in--
                    (i) identifying sources of potential 
                terrorist threats through such methods as the 
                Secretary determines appropriate;
                    (ii) reporting information relating to such 
                potential terrorist threats to the appropriate 
                Federal agencies in the appropriate form and 
                manner;
                    (iii) assuring that all reported 
                information is systematically submitted to and 
                passed on by the Department for use by 
                appropriate Federal agencies; and
                    (iv) understanding the mission and roles of 
                the intelligence community to promote more 
                effective information sharing among Federal, 
                State, and local officials and representatives 
                of the private sector to prevent terrorist 
                attacks against the United States.
            (B) The officials referred to in subparagraph (A) 
        are officials of State and local government agencies 
        and representatives of private sector entities with 
        responsibilities relating to the oversight and 
        management of first responders, counterterrorism 
        activities, or critical infrastructure.
            (C) The Secretary shall consult with the Attorney 
        General to ensure that the training program established 
        in subparagraph (A) does not duplicate the training 
        program established in section 908 of the USA PATRIOT 
        Act (Public Law 107-56; 28 U.S.C. 509 note).
            (D) The Secretary shall carry out this paragraph in 
        consultation with the Director of Central Intelligence 
        and the Attorney General.
    (d) Responsible Officials.--For each affected Federal 
agency, the head of such agency shall designate an official to 
administer this Act with respect to such agency.
    (e) Federal Control of Information.--Under procedures 
prescribed under this section, information obtained by a State 
or local government from a Federal agency under this section 
shall remain under the control of the Federal agency, and a 
State or local law authorizing or requiring such a government 
to disclose information shall not apply to such information.
    (f) Definitions.--As used in this section:
            (1) The term ``homeland security information'' 
        means any information possessed by a Federal, State, or 
        local agency that--
                    (A) relates to the threat of terrorist 
                activity;
                    (B) relates to the ability to prevent, 
                interdict, or disrupt terrorist activity;
                    (C) would improve the identification or 
                investigation of a suspected terrorist or 
                terrorist organization; or
                    (D) would improve the response to a 
                terrorist act.
            (2) The term ``intelligence community'' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 3(4) of the National 
        Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4)).
            (3) The term ``State and local personnel'' means 
        any of the following persons involved in prevention, 
        preparation, or response for terrorist attack:
                    (A) State Governors, mayors, and other 
                locally elected officials.
                    (B) State and local law enforcement 
                personnel and firefighters.
                    (C) Public health and medical 
                professionals.
                    (D) Regional, State, and local emergency 
                management agency personnel, including State 
                adjutant generals.
                    (E) Other appropriate emergency response 
                agency personnel.
                    (F) Employees of private-sector entities 
                that affect critical infrastructure, cyber, 
                economic, or public health security, as 
                designated by the Federal Government in 
                procedures developed pursuant to this section.
            (4) The term ``State'' includes the District of 
        Columbia and any commonwealth, territory, or possession 
        of the United States.
    (g) Construction.--Nothing in this Act shall be construed 
as authorizing any department, bureau, agency, officer, or 
employee of the Federal Government to request, receive, or 
transmit to any other Government entity or personnel, or 
transmit to any State or local entity or personnel otherwise 
authorized by this Act to receive homeland security 
information, any information collected by the Federal 
Government solely for statistical purposes in violation of any 
other provision of law relating to the confidentiality of such 
information.

SEC. 893. [6 U.S.C. 483] REPORT.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 12 months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit 
to the congressional committees specified in subsection (b) a 
report on the implementation of section 892. The report shall 
include any recommendations for additional measures or 
appropriation requests, beyond the requirements of section 892, 
to increase the effectiveness of sharing of information between 
and among Federal, State, and local entities.
    (b) Specified Congressional Committees.--The congressional 
committees referred to in subsection (a) are the following 
committees:
            (1) The Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
        and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives.
            (2) The Select Committee on Intelligence and the 
        Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate.

SEC. 894. [6 U.S.C. 484] AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
necessary to carry out section 892.
          * * * * * * *

            Subtitle J--Secure Handling of Ammonium Nitrate

SEC. 899A. [6 U.S.C. 488] DEFINITIONS.

     In this subtitle:
            (1) Ammonium nitrate.--The term ``ammonium 
        nitrate'' means--
                    (A) solid ammonium nitrate that is chiefly 
                the ammonium salt of nitric acid and contains 
                not less than 33 percent nitrogen by weight; 
                and
                    (B) any mixture containing a percentage of 
                ammonium nitrate that is equal to or greater 
                than the percentage determined by the Secretary 
                under section 899B(b).
            (2) Ammonium nitrate facility.--The term ``ammonium 
        nitrate facility'' means any entity that produces, 
        sells or otherwise transfers ownership of, or provides 
        application services for ammonium nitrate.
            (3) Ammonium nitrate purchaser.--The term 
        ``ammonium nitrate purchaser'' means any person who 
        purchases ammonium nitrate from an ammonium nitrate 
        facility.

SEC. 899B. [6 U.S.C. 488A] REGULATION OF THE SALE AND TRANSFER OF 
                    AMMONIUM NITRATE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall regulate the sale and 
transfer of ammonium nitrate by an ammonium nitrate facility in 
accordance with this subtitle to prevent the misappropriation 
or use of ammonium nitrate in an act of terrorism. Such 
regulations shall be carried out by the Cybersecurity and 
Infrastructure Security Agency.
    (b) Ammonium Nitrate Mixtures.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this subtitle, the 
Secretary, in consultation with the heads of appropriate 
Federal departments and agencies (including the Secretary of 
Agriculture), shall, after notice and an opportunity for 
comment, establish a threshold percentage for ammonium nitrate 
in a substance.
    (c) Registration of Owners of Ammonium Nitrate 
Facilities.--
            (1) Registration.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        process by which any person that--
                    (A) owns an ammonium nitrate facility is 
                required to register with the Department; and
                    (B) registers under subparagraph (A) is 
                issued a registration number for purposes of 
                this subtitle.
            (2) Registration information.--Any person applying 
        to register under paragraph (1) shall submit to the 
        Secretary--
                    (A) the name, address, and telephone number 
                of each ammonium nitrate facility owned by that 
                person;
                    (B) the name of the person designated by 
                that person as the point of contact for each 
                such facility, for purposes of this subtitle; 
                and
                    (C) such other information as the Secretary 
                may determine is appropriate.
    (d) Registration of Ammonium Nitrate Purchasers.--
            (1) Registration.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        process by which any person that--
                    (A) intends to be an ammonium nitrate 
                purchaser is required to register with the 
                Department; and
                    (B) registers under subparagraph (A) is 
                issued a registration number for purposes of 
                this subtitle.
            (2) Registration information.--Any person applying 
        to register under paragraph (1) as an ammonium nitrate 
        purchaser shall submit to the Secretary--
                    (A) the name, address, and telephone number 
                of the applicant; and
                    (B) the intended use of ammonium nitrate to 
                be purchased by the applicant.
    (e) Records.--
            (1) Maintenance of records.--The owner of an 
        ammonium nitrate facility shall--
                    (A) maintain a record of each sale or 
                transfer of ammonium nitrate, during the two-
                year period beginning on the date of that sale 
                or transfer; and
                    (B) include in such record the information 
                described in paragraph (2).
            (2) Specific information required.--For each sale 
        or transfer of ammonium nitrate, the owner of an 
        ammonium nitrate facility shall--
                    (A) record the name, address, telephone 
                number, and registration number issued under 
                subsection (c) or (d) of each person that 
                purchases ammonium nitrate, in a manner 
                prescribed by the Secretary;
                    (B) if applicable, record the name, 
                address, and telephone number of an agent 
                acting on behalf of the person described in 
                subparagraph (A), at the point of sale;
                    (C) record the date and quantity of 
                ammonium nitrate sold or transferred; and
                    (D) verify the identity of the persons 
                described in subparagraphs (A) and (B), as 
                applicable, in accordance with a procedure 
                established by the Secretary.
            (3) Protection of information.--In maintaining 
        records in accordance with paragraph (1), the owner of 
        an ammonium nitrate facility shall take reasonable 
        actions to ensure the protection of the information 
        included in such records.
    (f) Exemption for Explosive Purposes.--The Secretary may 
exempt from this subtitle a person producing, selling, or 
purchasing ammonium nitrate exclusively for use in the 
production of an explosive under a license or permit issued 
under chapter 40 of title 18, United States Code.
    (g) Consultation.--In carrying out this section, the 
Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of Agriculture, 
States, and appropriate private sector entities, to ensure that 
the access of agricultural producers to ammonium nitrate is not 
unduly burdened.
    (h) Data Confidentiality.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding section 552 of 
        title 5, United States Code, or the USA PATRIOT ACT 
        (Public Law 107-56; 115 Stat. 272), and except as 
        provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary may not 
        disclose to any person any information obtained under 
        this subtitle.
            (2) Exception.--The Secretary may disclose any 
        information obtained by the Secretary under this 
        subtitle to--
                    (A) an officer or employee of the United 
                States, or a person that has entered into a 
                contract with the United States, who has a need 
                to know the information to perform the duties 
                of the officer, employee, or person; or
                    (B) to a State agency under section 899D, 
                under appropriate arrangements to ensure the 
                protection of the information.
    (i) Registration Procedures and Check of Terrorist 
Screening Database.--
            (1) Registration procedures.--
                    (A) Generally.--The Secretary shall 
                establish procedures to efficiently receive 
                applications for registration numbers under 
                this subtitle, conduct the checks required 
                under paragraph (2), and promptly issue or deny 
                a registration number.
                    (B) Initial six-month registration 
                period.--The Secretary shall take steps to 
                maximize the number of registration 
                applications that are submitted and processed 
                during the six-month period described in 
                section 899F(e).
            (2) Check of terrorist screening database.--
                    (A) Check required.--The Secretary shall 
                conduct a check of appropriate identifying 
                information of any person seeking to register 
                with the Department under subsection (c) or (d) 
                against identifying information that appears in 
                the terrorist screening database of the 
                Department.
                    (B) Authority to deny registration 
                number.--If the identifying information of a 
                person seeking to register with the Department 
                under subsection (c) or (d) appears in the 
                terrorist screening database of the Department, 
                the Secretary may deny issuance of a 
                registration number under this subtitle.
            (3) Expedited review of applications.--
                    (A) In general.--Following the six-month 
                period described in section 899F(e), the 
                Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, 
                issue or deny registration numbers under this 
                subtitle not later than 72 hours after the time 
                the Secretary receives a complete registration 
                application, unless the Secretary determines, 
                in the interest of national security, that 
                additional time is necessary to review an 
                application.
                    (B) Notice of application status.--In all 
                cases, the Secretary shall notify a person 
                seeking to register with the Department under 
                subsection (c) or (d) of the status of the 
                application of that person not later than 72 
                hours after the time the Secretary receives a 
                complete registration application.
            (4) Expedited appeals process.--
                    (A) Requirement.--
                            (i) Appeals process.--The Secretary 
                        shall establish an expedited appeals 
                        process for persons denied a 
                        registration number under this 
                        subtitle.
                            (ii) Time period for resolution.--
                        The Secretary shall, to the extent 
                        practicable, resolve appeals not later 
                        than 72 hours after receiving a 
                        complete request for appeal unless the 
                        Secretary determines, in the interest 
                        of national security, that additional 
                        time is necessary to resolve an appeal.
                    (B) Consultation.--The Secretary, in 
                developing the appeals process under 
                subparagraph (A), shall consult with 
                appropriate stakeholders.
                    (C) Guidance.--The Secretary shall provide 
                guidance regarding the procedures and 
                information required for an appeal under 
                subparagraph (A) to any person denied a 
                registration number under this subtitle.
            (5) Restrictions on use and maintenance of 
        information.--
                    (A) In general.--Any information 
                constituting grounds for denial of a 
                registration number under this section shall be 
                maintained confidentially by the Secretary and 
                may be used only for making determinations 
                under this section.
                    (B) Sharing of information.--
                Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
                subtitle, the Secretary may share any such 
                information with Federal, State, local, and 
                tribal law enforcement agencies, as 
                appropriate.
            (6) Registration information.--
                    (A) Authority to require information.--The 
                Secretary may require a person applying for a 
                registration number under this subtitle to 
                submit such information as may be necessary to 
                carry out the requirements of this section.
                    (B) Requirement to update information.--The 
                Secretary may require persons issued a 
                registration under this subtitle to update 
                registration information submitted to the 
                Secretary under this subtitle, as appropriate.
            (7) Re-checks against terrorist screening 
        database.--
                    (A) Re-checks.--The Secretary shall, as 
                appropriate, recheck persons provided a 
                registration number pursuant to this subtitle 
                against the terrorist screening database of the 
                Department, and may revoke such registration 
                number if the Secretary determines such person 
                may pose a threat to national security.
                    (B) Notice of revocation.--The Secretary 
                shall, as appropriate, provide prior notice to 
                a person whose registration number is revoked 
                under this section and such person shall have 
                an opportunity to appeal, as provided in 
                paragraph (4).

SEC. 899C. [6 U.S.C. 488B] INSPECTION AND AUDITING OF RECORDS.

    The Secretary shall establish a process for the periodic 
inspection and auditing of the records maintained by owners of 
ammonium nitrate facilities for the purpose of monitoring 
compliance with this subtitle or for the purpose of deterring 
or preventing the misappropriation or use of ammonium nitrate 
in an act of terrorism.

SEC. 899D. [6 U.S.C. 488C] ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

    (a) Cooperative Agreements.--The Secretary--
            (1) may enter into a cooperative agreement with the 
        Secretary of Agriculture, or the head of any State 
        department of agriculture or its designee involved in 
        agricultural regulation, in consultation with the State 
        agency responsible for homeland security, to carry out 
        the provisions of this subtitle; and
            (2) wherever possible, shall seek to cooperate with 
        State agencies or their designees that oversee ammonium 
        nitrate facility operations when seeking cooperative 
        agreements to implement the registration and 
        enforcement provisions of this subtitle.
    (b) Delegation.--
            (1) Authority.--The Secretary may delegate to a 
        State the authority to assist the Secretary in the 
        administration and enforcement of this subtitle.
            (2) Delegation required.--At the request of a 
        Governor of a State, the Secretary shall delegate to 
        that State the authority to carry out functions under 
        sections 899B and 899C, if the Secretary determines 
        that the State is capable of satisfactorily carrying 
        out such functions.
            (3) Funding.--Subject to the availability of 
        appropriations, if the Secretary delegates functions to 
        a State under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        provide to that State sufficient funds to carry out the 
        delegated functions.
    (c) Provision of Guidance and Notification Materials to 
Ammonium Nitrate Facilities.--
            (1) Guidance.--The Secretary shall make available 
        to each owner of an ammonium nitrate facility 
        registered under section 899B(c)(1) guidance on--
                    (A) the identification of suspicious 
                ammonium nitrate purchases or transfers or 
                attempted purchases or transfers;
                    (B) the appropriate course of action to be 
                taken by the ammonium nitrate facility owner 
                with respect to such a purchase or transfer or 
                attempted purchase or transfer, including--
                            (i) exercising the right of the 
                        owner of the ammonium nitrate facility 
                        to decline sale of ammonium nitrate; 
                        and
                            (ii) notifying appropriate law 
                        enforcement entities; and
                    (C) additional subjects determined 
                appropriate to prevent the misappropriation or 
                use of ammonium nitrate in an act of terrorism.
            (2) Use of materials and programs.--In providing 
        guidance under this subsection, the Secretary shall, to 
        the extent practicable, leverage any relevant materials 
        and programs.
            (3) Notification materials.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall make 
                available materials suitable for posting at 
                locations where ammonium nitrate is sold.
                    (B) Design of materials.--Materials made 
                available under subparagraph (A) shall be 
                designed to notify prospective ammonium nitrate 
                purchasers of--
                            (i) the record-keeping requirements 
                        under section 899B; and
                            (ii) the penalties for violating 
                        such requirements.

SEC. 899E. [6 U.S.C. 488D] THEFT REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

    Any person who is required to comply with section 899B(e) 
who has knowledge of the theft or unexplained loss of ammonium 
nitrate shall report such theft or loss to the appropriate 
Federal law enforcement authorities not later than 1 calendar 
day of the date on which the person becomes aware of such theft 
or loss. Upon receipt of such report, the relevant Federal 
authorities shall inform State, local, and tribal law 
enforcement entities, as appropriate.

SEC. 899F. [6 U.S.C. 488E] PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTY.

    (a) Prohibitions.--
            (1) Taking possession.--No person shall purchase 
        ammonium nitrate from an ammonium nitrate facility 
        unless such person is registered under subsection (c) 
        or (d) of section 899B, or is an agent of a person 
        registered under subsection (c) or (d) of that section.
            (2) Transferring possession.--An owner of an 
        ammonium nitrate facility shall not transfer possession 
        of ammonium nitrate from the ammonium nitrate facility 
        to any ammonium nitrate purchaser who is not registered 
        under subsection (c) or (d) of section 899B, or to any 
        agent acting on behalf of an ammonium nitrate purchaser 
        when such purchaser is not registered under subsection 
        (c) or (d) of section 899B.
            (3) Other prohibitions.--No person shall--
                    (A) purchase ammonium nitrate without a 
                registration number required under subsection 
                (c) or (d) of section 899B;
                    (B) own or operate an ammonium nitrate 
                facility without a registration number required 
                under section 899B(c); or
                    (C) fail to comply with any requirement or 
                violate any other prohibition under this 
                subtitle.
    (b) Civil Penalty.--A person that violates this subtitle 
may be assessed a civil penalty by the Secretary of not more 
than $50,000 per violation.
    (c) Penalty Considerations.--In determining the amount of a 
civil penalty under this section, the Secretary shall 
consider--
            (1) the nature and circumstances of the violation;
            (2) with respect to the person who commits the 
        violation, any history of prior violations, the ability 
        to pay the penalty, and any effect the penalty is 
        likely to have on the ability of such person to do 
        business; and
            (3) any other matter that the Secretary determines 
        that justice requires.
    (d) Notice and Opportunity for a Hearing.--No civil penalty 
may be assessed under this subtitle unless the person liable 
for the penalty has been given notice and an opportunity for a 
hearing on the violation for which the penalty is to be 
assessed in the county, parish, or incorporated city of 
residence of that person.
    (e) Delay in Application of Prohibition.--Paragraphs (1) 
and (2) of subsection (a) shall apply on and after the date 
that is 6 months after the date that the Secretary issues a 
final rule implementing this subtitle.

SEC. 899G. [6 U.S.C. 488F] PROTECTION FROM CIVIL LIABILITY.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, an owner of an ammonium nitrate facility that in good 
faith refuses to sell or transfer ammonium nitrate to any 
person, or that in good faith discloses to the Department or to 
appropriate law enforcement authorities an actual or attempted 
purchase or transfer of ammonium nitrate, based upon a 
reasonable belief that the person seeking purchase or transfer 
of ammonium nitrate may use the ammonium nitrate to create an 
explosive device to be employed in an act of terrorism (as 
defined in section 3077 of title 18, United States Code), or to 
use ammonium nitrate for any other unlawful purpose, shall not 
be liable in any civil action relating to that refusal to sell 
ammonium nitrate or that disclosure.
    (b) Reasonable Belief.--A reasonable belief that a person 
may use ammonium nitrate to create an explosive device to be 
employed in an act of terrorism under subsection (a) may not 
solely be based on the race, sex, national origin, creed, 
religion, status as a veteran, or status as a member of the 
Armed Forces of the United States of that person.

SEC. 899H. [6 U.S.C. 488G] PREEMPTION OF OTHER LAWS.

    (a) Other Federal Regulations.--Except as provided in 
section 899G, nothing in this subtitle affects any regulation 
issued by any agency other than an agency of the Department.
    (b) State Law.--Subject to section 899G, this subtitle 
preempts the laws of any State to the extent that such laws are 
inconsistent with this subtitle, except that this subtitle 
shall not preempt any State law that provides additional 
protection against the acquisition of ammonium nitrate by 
terrorists or the use of ammonium nitrate in explosives in acts 
of terrorism or for other illicit purposes, as determined by 
the Secretary.

SEC. 899I. [6 U.S.C. 488H] DEADLINES FOR REGULATIONS.

     The Secretary--
            (1) shall issue a proposed rule implementing this 
        subtitle not later than 6 months after the date of the 
        enactment of this subtitle; and
            (2) issue a final rule implementing this subtitle 
        not later than 1 year after such date of enactment.

SEC. 899J. [6 U.S.C. 488I] AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

     There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary--
            (1) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
            (2) $10,750,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 
        through 2012.

              TITLE IX--NATIONAL HOMELAND SECURITY COUNCIL

SEC. 901. [6 U.S.C. 491] NATIONAL HOMELAND SECURITY COUNCIL.

    There is established within the Executive Office of the 
President a council to be known as the ``Homeland Security 
Council'' (in this title referred to as the ``Council'').

SEC. 902. [6 U.S.C. 492] FUNCTION.

    The function of the Council shall be to advise the 
President on homeland security matters.

SEC. 903. [6 U.S.C. 493] MEMBERSHIP.

    (a) Members-- \9\ The members of the Council shall be the 
following:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \9\ A period probably should appear prior to the dash in the 
heading for subsection (a) of section 903.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
            (1) The President.
            (2) The Vice President.
            (3) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
            (4) The Attorney General.
            (5) The Secretary of Defense.
            (6) Such other individuals as may be designated by 
        the President.
    (b) Attendance of Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff at 
Meetings.--The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (or, in 
the absence of the Chairman, the Vice Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff) may, in the role of the Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff as principal military adviser to the Council 
and subject to the direction of the President, attend and 
participate in meetings of the Council.

SEC. 904. [6 U.S.C. 494] OTHER FUNCTIONS AND ACTIVITIES.

     For the purpose of more effectively coordinating the 
policies and functions of the United States Government relating 
to homeland security, the Council shall--
            (1) assess the objectives, commitments, and risks 
        of the United States in the interest of homeland 
        security and to make resulting recommendations to the 
        President;
            (2) oversee and review homeland security policies 
        of the Federal Government and to make resulting 
        recommendations to the President; and
            (3) perform such other functions as the President 
        may direct.

SEC. 905. [6 U.S.C. 495] STAFF COMPOSITION.

    The Council shall have a staff, the head of which shall be 
a civilian Executive Secretary, who shall be appointed by the 
President. The President is authorized to fix the pay of the 
Executive Secretary at a rate not to exceed the rate of pay 
payable to the Executive Secretary of the National Security 
Council.

SEC. 906. [6 U.S.C. 496] RELATION TO THE NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL.

    The President may convene joint meetings of the Homeland 
Security Council and the National Security Council with 
participation by members of either Council or as the President 
may otherwise direct.

                     TITLE X--INFORMATION SECURITY

SEC. 1001. INFORMATION SECURITY.

    (a) [6 U.S.C. 101 note] Short Title.--This title may be 
cited as the ``Federal Information Security Management Act of 
2002''.
          * * * * * * *
    (c) [6 U.S.C. 511] Information Security Responsibilities of 
Certain Agencies.--
            (1) National security responsibilities.--(A) 
        Nothing in this Act (including any amendment made by 
        this Act) shall supersede any authority of the 
        Secretary of Defense, the Director of Central 
        Intelligence, or other agency head, as authorized by 
        law and as directed by the President, with regard to 
        the operation, control, or management of national 
        security systems, as defined by section 3552(b)(5) of 
        title 44, United States Code.
          * * * * * * *
            (2) Atomic energy act of 1954.--Nothing in this Act 
        shall supersede any requirement made by or under the 
        Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.). 
        Restricted Data or Formerly Restricted Data shall be 
        handled, protected, classified, downgraded, and 
        declassified in conformity with the Atomic Energy Act 
        of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.).
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 1006. [6 U.S.C. 512] CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this Act, or the amendments made by this Act, 
affects the authority of the National Institute of Standards 
and Technology or the Department of Commerce relating to the 
development and promulgation of standards or guidelines under 
paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 20(a) of the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 278g-
3(a)).

               TITLE XI--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DIVISIONS

          Subtitle A--Executive Office for Immigration Review

SEC. 1101. LEGAL STATUS OF EOIR.

    (a) [6 U.S.C. 521] Existence of EOIR.--There is in the 
Department of Justice the Executive Office for Immigration 
Review, which shall be subject to the direction and regulation 
of the Attorney General under section 103(g) of the Immigration 
and Nationality Act, as added by section 1102.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 1103. [6 U.S.C. 522] STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this Act, any amendment made by this Act, or in 
section 103 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended 
by section 1102, shall be construed to limit judicial deference 
to regulations, adjudications, interpretations, orders, 
decisions, judgments, or any other actions of the Secretary of 
Homeland Security or the Attorney General.

Subtitle B--Transfer of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms to 
                       the Department of Justice

SEC. 1111. [6 U.S.C. 531] BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND 
                    EXPLOSIVES.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--There is established within the 
        Department of Justice under the general authority of 
        the Attorney General the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, 
        Firearms, and Explosives (in this section referred to 
        as the ``Bureau'').
            (2) Director.--There shall be at the head of the 
        Bureau a Director, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, 
        Firearms, and Explosives (in this subtitle referred to 
        as the ``Director''). The Director shall be appointed 
        by the President, by and with the advice and consent of 
        the Senate and shall perform such functions as the 
        Attorney General shall direct. The Director shall 
        receive compensation at the rate prescribed by law 
        under section 5314 of title V, United States Code, for 
        positions at level III of the Executive Schedule.
            (3) Coordination.--The Attorney General, acting 
        through the Director and such other officials of the 
        Department of Justice as the Attorney General may 
        designate, shall provide for the coordination of all 
        firearms, explosives, tobacco enforcement, and arson 
        enforcement functions vested in the Attorney General so 
        as to assure maximum cooperation between and among any 
        officer, employee, or agency of the Department of 
        Justice involved in the performance of these and 
        related functions.
            (4) Performance of transferred functions.--The 
        Attorney General may make such provisions as the 
        Attorney General determines appropriate to authorize 
        the performance by any officer, employee, or agency of 
        the Department of Justice of any function transferred 
        to the Attorney General under this section.
    (b) Responsibilities.--Subject to the direction of the 
Attorney General, the Bureau shall be responsible for 
investigating--
            (1) criminal and regulatory violations of the 
        Federal firearms, explosives, arson, alcohol, and 
        tobacco smuggling laws;
            (2) the functions transferred by subsection (c); 
        and
            (3) any other function related to the investigation 
        of violent crime or domestic terrorism that is 
        delegated to the Bureau by the Attorney General.
    (c) Transfer of Authorities, Functions, Personnel, and 
Assets to the Department of Justice.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), but 
        notwithstanding any other provision of law, there are 
        transferred to the Department of Justice the 
        authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the 
        Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, which shall be 
        maintained as a distinct entity within the Department 
        of Justice, including the related functions of the 
        Secretary of the Treasury.
            (2) Administration and revenue collection 
        functions.--There shall be retained within the 
        Department of the Treasury the authorities, functions, 
        personnel, and assets of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco 
        and Firearms relating to the administration and 
        enforcement of chapters 51 and 52 of the Internal 
        Revenue Code of 1986, sections 4181 and 4182 of the 
        Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and title 27, United 
        States Code.
            (3) Building prospectus.--Prospectus PDC-98W10, 
        giving the General Services Administration the 
        authority for site acquisition, design, and 
        construction of a new headquarters building for the 
        Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, is 
        transferred, and deemed to apply, to the Bureau of 
        Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives established 
        in the Department of Justice under subsection (a).
    (d) Tax and Trade Bureau.--
            (1) Establishment.--There is established within the 
        Department of the Treasury the Tax and Trade Bureau.
            (2) Administrator.--The Tax and Trade Bureau shall 
        be headed by an Administrator, who shall perform such 
        duties as assigned by the Under Secretary for 
        Enforcement of the Department of the Treasury. The 
        Administrator shall occupy a career-reserved position 
        within the Senior Executive Service.
            (3) Responsibilities.--The authorities, functions, 
        personnel, and assets of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco 
        and Firearms that are not transferred to the Department 
        of Justice under this section shall be retained and 
        administered by the Tax and Trade Bureau.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 1114. [6 U.S.C. 532] EXPLOSIVES TRAINING AND RESEARCH FACILITY.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established within the Bureau 
an Explosives Training and Research Facility at Fort AP Hill, 
Fredericksburg, Virginia.
    (b) Purpose.--The facility established under subsection (a) 
shall be utilized to train Federal, State, and local law 
enforcement officers to--
            (1) investigate bombings and explosions;
            (2) properly handle, utilize, and dispose of 
        explosive materials and devices;
            (3) train canines on explosive detection; and
            (4) conduct research on explosives.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            (1) In general.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated such sums as may be necessary to establish 
        and maintain the facility established under subsection 
        (a).
            (2) Availability of funds.--Any amounts 
        appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1) shall remain 
        available until expended.

SEC. 1115. [6 U.S.C. 533] PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Personnel 
Management Demonstration Project established under section 102 
of title I of division C of the Omnibus Consolidated and 
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 1999 
(Public Law 105-277; 122 Stat. 2681-585) shall be transferred 
to the Attorney General of the United States for continued use 
by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, 
Department of Justice, and the Secretary of the Treasury for 
continued use by the Tax and Trade Bureau.

                         Subtitle C--Explosives

SEC. 1121. [18 U.S.C. 841 NOTE] SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be referred to as the ``Safe Explosives 
Act''.

SEC. 1122. PERMITS FOR PURCHASERS OF EXPLOSIVES.

    (a)
          * * * * * * *
    (i) [18 U.S.C. 843 note] Effective Date.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by this 
        section shall take effect 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) Exception.--Notwithstanding any provision of 
        this Act, a license or permit issued under section 843 
        of title 18, United States Code, before the date of 
        enactment of this Act, shall remain valid until that 
        license or permit is revoked under section 843(d) or 
        expires, or until a timely application for renewal is 
        acted upon.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 1128. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as 
necessary to carry out this subtitle and the amendments made by 
this subtitle.

           TITLE XII--AIRLINE WAR RISK INSURANCE LEGISLATION

          * * * * * * *

SEC. 1204. REPORT.

     Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall transmit to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report that--
            
                    (A) evaluates the availability and cost of 
                commercial war risk insurance for air carriers 
                and other aviation entities for passengers and 
                third parties;
                    (B) analyzes the economic effect upon air 
                carriers and other aviation entities of 
                available commercial war risk insurance; and
                    (C) describes the manner in which the 
                Department could provide an alternative means 
                of providing aviation war risk reinsurance 
                covering passengers, crew, and third parties 
                through use of a risk-retention group or by 
                other means.

               TITLE XIII--FEDERAL WORKFORCE IMPROVEMENT

                Subtitle A--Chief Human Capital Officers

SEC. 1301. [5 U.S.C. 101 NOTE] SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Chief Human Capital 
Officers Act of 2002''.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 1303. [5 U.S.C. 1401 NOTE] CHIEF HUMAN CAPITAL OFFICERS COUNCIL.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established a Chief Human 
Capital Officers Council, consisting of--
            (1) the Director of the Office of Personnel 
        Management, who shall act as chairperson of the 
        Council;
            (2) the Deputy Director for Management of the 
        Office of Management and Budget, who shall act as vice 
        chairperson of the Council; and
            (3) the Chief Human Capital Officers of Executive 
        departments and any other members who are designated by 
        the Director of the Office of Personnel Management.
    (b) Functions.--The Chief Human Capital Officers Council 
shall meet periodically to advise and coordinate the activities 
of the agencies of its members on such matters as modernization 
of human resources systems, improved quality of human resources 
information, and legislation affecting human resources 
operations and organizations.
    (c) Employee Labor Organizations at Meetings.--The Chief 
Human Capital Officers Council shall ensure that 
representatives of Federal employee labor organizations are 
present at a minimum of 1 meeting of the Council each year. 
Such representatives shall not be members of the Council.
    (d) Annual Report.--Each year the Chief Human Capital 
Officers Council shall submit a report to Congress on the 
activities of the Council.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 1305. [5 U.S.C. 1103 NOTE] EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This subtitle shall take effect 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act.

    Subtitle B--Reforms Relating to Federal Human Capital Management

          * * * * * * *

SEC. 1313. PERMANENT EXTENSION, REVISION, AND EXPANSION OF AUTHORITIES 
                    FOR USE OF VOLUNTARY SEPARATION INCENTIVE PAY AND 
                    VOLUNTARY EARLY RETIREMENT.

    (a) Voluntary Separation Incentive Payments.--
            (1)
          * * * * * * *
            (2) [5 U.S.C. 3521 note] Administrative office of 
        the united states courts.--The Director of the 
        Administrative Office of the United States Courts may, 
        by regulation, establish a program substantially 
        similar to the program established under paragraph (1) 
        for individuals serving in the judicial branch.
            (3) [5 U.S.C. 3521 note] Continuation of other 
        authority.--Any agency exercising any voluntary 
        separation incentive authority in effect on the 
        effective date of this subsection may continue to offer 
        voluntary separation incentives consistent with that 
        authority until that authority expires.
            (4) [5 U.S.C. 3521 note] Effective date.--This 
        subsection shall take effect 60 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act.
          * * * * * * *
    (b) Federal Employee Voluntary Early Retirement.--
            (1)
          * * * * * * *
            (3) [5 U.S.C. 8336 note] General accounting office 
        authority.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall not be construed to affect the authority under 
        section 1 of Public Law 106-303 (5 U.S.C. 8336 note; 
        114 State. 1063).
          * * * * * * *
            (5) [5 U.S.C. 8336 note] Regulations.--The Office 
        of Personnel Management may prescribe regulations to 
        carry out this subsection.
    (c) [5 U.S.C. 3521 note] Sense of Congress.--It is the 
sense of Congress that the implementation of this section is 
intended to reshape the Federal workforce and not downsize the 
Federal workforce.
          * * * * * * *

      Subtitle C--Reforms Relating to the Senior Executive Service

          * * * * * * *

SEC. 1321. REPEAL OF RECERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS OF SENIOR EXECUTIVES.

    (a)
          * * * * * * *
    (b) [5 U.S.C. 3592 note] Savings Provision.--
Notwithstanding the amendments made by subsection (a)(2)(A), an 
appeal under the final sentence of section 3592(a) of title 5, 
United States Code, that is pending on the day before the 
effective date of this section--
            (1) shall not abate by reason of the enactment of 
        the amendments made by subsection (a)(2)(A); and
            (2) shall continue as if such amendments had not 
        been enacted.
    (c) [5 U.S.C. 3593 note] Application.--The amendment made 
by subsection (a)(2)(B) shall not apply with respect to an 
individual who, before the effective date of this section, 
leaves the Senior Executive Service for failure to be 
recertified as a senior executive under section 3393a of title 
5, United States Code.
          * * * * * * *

                     Subtitle D--Academic Training

          * * * * * * *

SEC. 1332. MODIFICATIONS TO NATIONAL SECURITY EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    (a) [5 U.S.C. 3301 note] Findings and Policies.--
            (1) Findings.--Congress finds that--
                    (A) the United States Government actively 
                encourages and financially supports the 
                training, education, and development of many 
                United States citizens;
                    (B) as a condition of some of those 
                supports, many of those citizens have an 
                obligation to seek either compensated or 
                uncompensated employment in the Federal sector; 
                and
                    (C) it is in the United States national 
                interest to maximize the return to the Nation 
                of funds invested in the development of such 
                citizens by seeking to employ them in the 
                Federal sector.
            (2) Policy.--It shall be the policy of the United 
        States Government to--
                    (A) establish procedures for ensuring that 
                United States citizens who have incurred 
                service obligations as the result of receiving 
                financial support for education and training 
                from the United States Government and have 
                applied for Federal positions are considered in 
                all recruitment and hiring initiatives of 
                Federal departments, bureaus, agencies, and 
                offices; and
                    (B) advertise and open all Federal 
                positions to United States citizens who have 
                incurred service obligations with the United 
                States Government as the result of receiving 
                financial support for education and training 
                from the United States Government.
          * * * * * * *

               TITLE XIV--ARMING PILOTS AGAINST TERRORISM

SEC. 1401. [49 U.S.C. 40101 NOTE] SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Arming Pilots Against 
Terrorism Act''.

SEC. 1402. FEDERAL FLIGHT DECK OFFICER PROGRAM.

    (a)
          * * * * * * *
    (c) [6 U.S.C. 513] Federal Air Marshal Program.--
            (1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
        that the Federal air marshal program is critical to 
        aviation security.
            (2) Limitation on statutory construction.--Nothing 
        in this Act, including any amendment made by this Act, 
        shall be construed as preventing the Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security from implementing and 
        training Federal air marshals.

SEC. 1403. CREW TRAINING.

    (a)
          * * * * * * *
    (c) Benefits and Risks of Providing Flight Attendants With 
Nonlethal Weapons.--
            (1) Study.--The Under Secretary of Transportation 
        for Security shall conduct a study to evaluate the 
        benefits and risks of providing flight attendants with 
        nonlethal weapons to aide in combating air piracy and 
        criminal violence on commercial airlines.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 6 months after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall 
        transmit to Congress a report on the results of the 
        study.

SEC. 1404. COMMERCIAL AIRLINE SECURITY STUDY.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Transportation shall conduct a 
study of the following:
            (1) The number of armed Federal law enforcement 
        officers (other than Federal air marshals), who travel 
        on commercial airliners annually and the frequency of 
        their travel.
            (2) The cost and resources necessary to provide 
        such officers with supplemental training in aircraft 
        anti-terrorism training that is comparable to the 
        training that Federal air marshals are provided.
            (3) The cost of establishing a program at a Federal 
        law enforcement training center for the purpose of 
        providing new Federal law enforcement recruits with 
        standardized training comparable to the training that 
        Federal air marshals are provided.
            (4) The feasibility of implementing a certification 
        program designed for the purpose of ensuring Federal 
        law enforcement officers have completed the training 
        described in paragraph (2) and track their travel over 
        a 6-month period.
            (5) The feasibility of staggering the flights of 
        such officers to ensure the maximum amount of flights 
        have a certified trained Federal officer on board.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 6 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress 
a report on the results of the study. The report may be 
submitted in classified and redacted form.
          * * * * * * *

                          TITLE XV--TRANSITION

                    Subtitle A--Reorganization Plan

SEC. 1501. [6 U.S.C. 541] DEFINITIONS.

     For purposes of this title:
            (1) The term ``agency'' includes any entity, 
        organizational unit, program, or function.
            (2) The term ``transition period'' means the 12-
        month period beginning on the effective date of this 
        Act.

SEC. 1502. [6 U.S.C. 542] REORGANIZATION PLAN.

    (a) Submission of Plan.--Not later than 60 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall transmit 
to the appropriate congressional committees a reorganization 
plan regarding the following:
            (1) The transfer of agencies, personnel, assets, 
        and obligations to the Department pursuant to this Act.
            (2) Any consolidation, reorganization, or 
        streamlining of agencies transferred to the Department 
        pursuant to this Act.
    (b) Plan Elements.--The plan transmitted under subsection 
(a) shall contain, consistent with this Act, such elements as 
the President deems appropriate, including the following:
            (1) Identification of any functions of agencies 
        transferred to the Department pursuant to this Act that 
        will not be transferred to the Department under the 
        plan.
            (2) Specification of the steps to be taken by the 
        Secretary to organize the Department, including the 
        delegation or assignment of functions transferred to 
        the Department among officers of the Department in 
        order to permit the Department to carry out the 
        functions transferred under the plan.
            (3) Specification of the funds available to each 
        agency that will be transferred to the Department as a 
        result of transfers under the plan.
            (4) Specification of the proposed allocations 
        within the Department of unexpended funds transferred 
        in connection with transfers under the plan.
            (5) Specification of any proposed disposition of 
        property, facilities, contracts, records, and other 
        assets and obligations of agencies transferred under 
        the plan.
            (6) Specification of the proposed allocations 
        within the Department of the functions of the agencies 
        and subdivisions that are not related directly to 
        securing the homeland.
    (c) Modification of Plan.--The President may, on the basis 
of consultations with the appropriate congressional committees, 
modify or revise any part of the plan until that part of the 
plan becomes effective in accordance with subsection (d).
    (d) Effective Date.--
            (1) In general.--The reorganization plan described 
        in this section, including any modifications or 
        revisions of the plan under subsection (d), shall 
        become effective for an agency on the earlier of--
                    (A) the date specified in the plan (or the 
                plan as modified pursuant to subsection (d)), 
                except that such date may not be earlier than 
                90 days after the date the President has 
                transmitted the reorganization plan to the 
                appropriate congressional committees pursuant 
                to subsection (a); or
                    (B) the end of the transition period.
            (2) Statutory construction.--Nothing in this 
        subsection may be construed to require the transfer of 
        functions, personnel, records, balances of 
        appropriations, or other assets of an agency on a 
        single date.
            (3) Supersedes existing law.--Paragraph (1) shall 
        apply notwithstanding section 905(b) of title 5, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 1503. [6 U.S.C. 543] REVIEW OF CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE STRUCTURES.

    It is the sense of Congress that each House of Congress 
should review its committee structure in light of the 
reorganization of responsibilities within the executive branch 
by the establishment of the Department.

                  Subtitle B--Transitional Provisions

SEC. 1511. [6 U.S.C. 551] TRANSITIONAL AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Provision of Assistance by Officials.--Until the 
transfer of an agency to the Department, any official having 
authority over or functions relating to the agency immediately 
before the effective date of this Act shall provide to the 
Secretary such assistance, including the use of personnel and 
assets, as the Secretary may request in preparing for the 
transfer and integration of the agency into the Department.
    (b) Services and Personnel.--During the transition period, 
upon the request of the Secretary, the head of any executive 
agency may, on a reimbursable basis, provide services or detail 
personnel to assist with the transition.
    (c) Acting Officials.--(1) During the transition period, 
pending the advice and consent of the Senate to the appointment 
of an officer required by this Act to be appointed by and with 
such advice and consent, the President may designate any 
officer whose appointment was required to be made by and with 
such advice and consent and who was such an officer immediately 
before the effective date of this Act (and who continues in 
office) or immediately before such designation, to act in such 
office until the same is filled as provided in this Act. While 
so acting, such officers shall receive compensation at the 
higher of--
            (A) the rates provided by this Act for the 
        respective offices in which they act; or
            (B) the rates provided for the offices held at the 
        time of designation.
    (2) Nothing in this Act shall be understood to require the 
advice and consent of the Senate to the appointment by the 
President to a position in the Department of any officer whose 
agency is transferred to the Department pursuant to this Act 
and whose duties following such transfer are germane to those 
performed before such transfer.
    (d) Transfer of Personnel, Assets, Obligations, and 
Functions.--Upon the transfer of an agency to the Department--
            (1) the personnel, assets, and obligations held by 
        or available in connection with the agency shall be 
        transferred to the Secretary for appropriate 
        allocation, subject to the approval of the Director of 
        the Office of Management and Budget and in accordance 
        with the provisions of section 1531(a)(2) of title 31, 
        United States Code; and
            (2) the Secretary shall have all functions relating 
        to the agency that any other official could by law 
        exercise in relation to the agency immediately before 
        such transfer, and shall have in addition all functions 
        vested in the Secretary by this Act or other law.
    (e) Prohibition on Use of Transportation Trust Funds.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of this Act, no funds derived from the 
        Highway Trust Fund, Airport and Airway Trust Fund, 
        Inland Waterway Trust Fund, or Harbor Maintenance Trust 
        Fund, may be transferred to, made available to, or 
        obligated by the Secretary or any other official in the 
        Department.
            (2) Limitation.--This subsection shall not apply to 
        security-related funds provided to the Federal Aviation 
        Administration for fiscal years preceding fiscal year 
        2003 for (A) operations, (B) facilities and equipment, 
        or (C) research, engineering, and development, and to 
        any funds provided to the Coast Guard from the Sport 
        Fish Restoration and Boating Trust Fund for boating 
        safety programs.

SEC. 1512. [6 U.S.C. 552] SAVINGS PROVISIONS.

    (a) Completed Administrative Actions.--(1) Completed 
administrative actions of an agency shall not be affected by 
the enactment of this Act or the transfer of such agency to the 
Department, but shall continue in effect according to their 
terms until amended, modified, superseded, terminated, set 
aside, or revoked in accordance with law by an officer of the 
United States or a court of competent jurisdiction, or by 
operation of law.
    (2) For purposes of paragraph (1), the term ``completed 
administrative action'' includes orders, determinations, rules, 
regulations, personnel actions, permits, agreements, grants, 
contracts, certificates, licenses, registrations, and 
privileges.
    (b) Pending Proceedings.--Subject to the authority of the 
Secretary under this Act--
            (1) pending proceedings in an agency, including 
        notices of proposed rulemaking, and applications for 
        licenses, permits, certificates, grants, and financial 
        assistance, shall continue notwithstanding the 
        enactment of this Act or the transfer of the agency to 
        the Department, unless discontinued or modified under 
        the same terms and conditions and to the same extent 
        that such discontinuance could have occurred if such 
        enactment or transfer had not occurred; and
            (2) orders issued in such proceedings, and appeals 
        therefrom, and payments made pursuant to such orders, 
        shall issue in the same manner and on the same terms as 
        if this Act had not been enacted or the agency had not 
        been transferred, and any such orders shall continue in 
        effect until amended, modified, superseded, terminated, 
        set aside, or revoked by an officer of the United 
        States or a court of competent jurisdiction, or by 
        operation of law.
    (c) Pending Civil Actions.--Subject to the authority of the 
Secretary under this Act, pending civil actions shall continue 
notwithstanding the enactment of this Act or the transfer of an 
agency to the Department, and in such civil actions, 
proceedings shall be had, appeals taken, and judgments rendered 
and enforced in the same manner and with the same effect as if 
such enactment or transfer had not occurred.
    (d) References.--References relating to an agency that is 
transferred to the Department in statutes, Executive orders, 
rules, regulations, directives, or delegations of authority 
that precede such transfer or the effective date of this Act 
shall be deemed to refer, as appropriate, to the Department, to 
its officers, employees, or agents, or to its corresponding 
organizational units or functions. Statutory reporting 
requirements that applied in relation to such an agency 
immediately before the effective date of this Act shall 
continue to apply following such transfer if they refer to the 
agency by name.
    (e) Employment Provisions.--(1) Notwithstanding the 
generality of the foregoing (including subsections (a) and 
(d)), in and for the Department the Secretary may, in 
regulations prescribed jointly with the Director of the Office 
of Personnel Management, adopt the rules, procedures, terms, 
and conditions, established by statute, rule, or regulation 
before the effective date of this Act, relating to employment 
in any agency transferred to the Department pursuant to this 
Act; and
    (2) except as otherwise provided in this Act, or under 
authority granted by this Act, the transfer pursuant to this 
Act of personnel shall not alter the terms and conditions of 
employment, including compensation, of any employee so 
transferred.
    (f) Statutory Reporting Requirements.--Any statutory 
reporting requirement that applied to an agency, transferred to 
the Department under this Act, immediately before the effective 
date of this Act shall continue to apply following that 
transfer if the statutory requirement refers to the agency by 
name.

SEC. 1513. [6 U.S.C. 553] TERMINATIONS.

    Except as otherwise provided in this Act, whenever all the 
functions vested by law in any agency have been transferred 
pursuant to this Act, each position and office the incumbent of 
which was authorized to receive compensation at the rates 
prescribed for an office or position at level II, III, IV, or 
V, of the Executive Schedule, shall terminate.

SEC. 1514. [6 U.S.C. 554] NATIONAL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM NOT 
                    AUTHORIZED.

    Nothing in this Act shall be construed to authorize the 
development of a national identification system or card.

SEC. 1515. [6 U.S.C. 555] CONTINUITY OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OVERSIGHT.

    Notwithstanding the transfer of an agency to the Department 
pursuant to this Act, the Inspector General that exercised 
oversight of such agency prior to such transfer shall continue 
to exercise oversight of such agency during the period of time, 
if any, between the transfer of such agency to the Department 
pursuant to this Act and the appointment of the Inspector 
General of the Department of Homeland Security in accordance 
with section 103(b).

SEC. 1516. [6 U.S.C. 556] INCIDENTAL TRANSFERS.

    The Director of the Office of Management and Budget, in 
consultation with the Secretary, is authorized and directed to 
make such additional incidental dispositions of personnel, 
assets, and liabilities held, used, arising from, available, or 
to be made available, in connection with the functions 
transferred by this Act, as the Director may determine 
necessary to accomplish the purposes of this Act.

SEC. 1517. [6 U.S.C. 557] REFERENCE.

    With respect to any function transferred by or under this 
Act (including under a reorganization plan that becomes 
effective under section 1502) and exercised on or after the 
effective date of this Act, reference in any other Federal law 
to any department, commission, or agency or any officer or 
office the functions of which are so transferred shall be 
deemed to refer to the Secretary, other official, or component 
of the Department to which such function is so transferred.

                   TITLE XVI--TRANSPORTATION SECURITY

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

SEC. 1601. [6 U.S.C. 561] DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Administration.--The term ``Administration'' 
        means the Transportation Security Administration.
            (2) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' 
        means the Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration.
            (3) Plan.--The term ``Plan'' means the strategic 5-
        year technology investment plan developed by the 
        Administrator under section 1611.
            (4) Security-related technology.--The term 
        ``security-related technology'' means any technology 
        that assists the Administration in the prevention of, 
        or defense against, threats to United States 
        transportation systems, including threats to people, 
        property, and information.

    Subtitle B--Transportation Security Administration Acquisition 
                              Improvements

SEC. 1611. [6 U.S.C. 563] 5-YEAR TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT PLAN.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator shall--
            (1) not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the Transportation Security Acquisition 
        Reform Act, develop and submit to Congress a strategic 
        5-year technology investment plan, that may include a 
        classified addendum to report sensitive transportation 
        security risks, technology vulnerabilities, or other 
        sensitive security information; and
            (2) to the extent possible, publish the Plan in an 
        unclassified format in the public domain.
    (b) Consultation.--The Administrator shall develop the Plan 
in consultation with--
            (1) the Under Secretary for Management;
            (2) the Under Secretary for Science and Technology;
            (3) the Chief Information Officer; and
            (4) the aviation industry stakeholder advisory 
        committee established by the Administrator.
    (c) Approval.--The Administrator may not publish the Plan 
under subsection (a)(2) until it has been approved by the 
Secretary.
    (d) Contents of Plan.--The Plan shall include--
            (1) an analysis of transportation security risks 
        and the associated capability gaps that would be best 
        addressed by security-related technology, including 
        consideration of the most recent quadrennial homeland 
        security review under section 707;
            (2) a set of security-related technology 
        acquisition needs that--
                    (A) is prioritized based on risk and 
                associated capability gaps identified under 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (B) includes planned technology programs 
                and projects with defined objectives, goals, 
                timelines, and measures;
            (3) an analysis of current and forecast trends in 
        domestic and international passenger travel;
            (4) an identification of currently deployed 
        security-related technologies that are at or near the 
        end of their lifecycles;
            (5) an identification of test, evaluation, 
        modeling, and simulation capabilities, including target 
        methodologies, rationales, and timelines necessary to 
        support the acquisition of the security-related 
        technologies expected to meet the needs under paragraph 
        (2);
            (6) an identification of opportunities for public-
        private partnerships, small and disadvantaged company 
        participation, intragovernment collaboration, 
        university centers of excellence, and national 
        laboratory technology transfer;
            (7) an identification of the Administration's 
        acquisition workforce needs for the management of 
        planned security-related technology acquisitions, 
        including consideration of leveraging acquisition 
        expertise of other Federal agencies;
            (8) an identification of the security resources, 
        including information security resources, that will be 
        required to protect security-related technology from 
        physical or cyber theft, diversion, sabotage, or 
        attack;
            (9) an identification of initiatives to streamline 
        the Administration's acquisition process and provide 
        greater predictability and clarity to small, medium, 
        and large businesses, including the timeline for 
        testing and evaluation;
            (10) an assessment of the impact to commercial 
        aviation passengers;
            (11) a strategy for consulting airport management, 
        air carrier representatives, and Federal security 
        directors whenever an acquisition will lead to the 
        removal of equipment at airports, and how the strategy 
        for consulting with such officials of the relevant 
        airports will address potential negative impacts on 
        commercial passengers or airport operations; and
            (12) in consultation with the National Institutes 
        of Standards and Technology, an identification of 
        security-related technology interface standards, in 
        existence or if implemented, that could promote more 
        interoperable passenger, baggage, and cargo screening 
        systems.
    (e) Leveraging the Private Sector.--To the extent possible, 
and in a manner that is consistent with fair and equitable 
practices, the Plan shall--
            (1) leverage emerging technology trends and 
        research and development investment trends within the 
        public and private sectors;
            (2) incorporate private sector input, including 
        from the aviation industry stakeholder advisory 
        committee established by the Administrator, through 
        requests for information, industry days, and other 
        innovative means consistent with the Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation; and
            (3) in consultation with the Under Secretary for 
        Science and Technology, identify technologies in 
        existence or in development that, with or without 
        adaptation, are expected to be suitable to meeting 
        mission needs.
    (f) Disclosure.--The Administrator shall include with the 
Plan a list of nongovernment persons that contributed to the 
writing of the Plan.
    (g) \10\ Update and Report.--The Administrator shall, in 
collaboration with relevant industry and government 
stakeholders, annually submit to Congress in an appendix to the 
budget request and publish in an unclassified format in the 
public domain--
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \10\ Section 1917(1)(A) of division K of Public Law 115-254 
provides for an amendment to strike the matter preceding paragraph (1) 
and insert new language. The execution of such amendment does not 
delete the subsection designation and heading in accordance with the 
probable intent of Congress.
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            (1) an update of the Plan;
            (2) a report on the extent to which each security-
        related technology acquired by the Administration since 
        the last issuance or update of the Plan is consistent 
        with the planned technology programs and projects 
        identified under subsection (d)(2) for that security-
        related technology; and
            (3) information about acquisitions completed during 
        the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year during which 
        the report is submitted.
    (h) Additional Update Requirements.--Updates and reports 
under subsection (g) shall--
            (1) be prepared in consultation with--
                    (A) the persons described in subsection 
                (b); and
                    (B) the Surface Transportation Security 
                Advisory Committee established under section 
                404; and
            (2) include--
                    (A) information relating to technology 
                investments by the Transportation Security 
                Administration and the private sector that the 
                Department supports with research, development, 
                testing, and evaluation for aviation, including 
                air cargo, and surface transportation security;
                    (B) information about acquisitions 
                completed during the fiscal year preceding the 
                fiscal year during which the report is 
                submitted;
                    (C) information relating to equipment of 
                the Transportation Security Administration that 
                is in operation after the end of the life-cycle 
                of the equipment specified by the manufacturer 
                of the equipment; and
                    (D) to the extent practicable, a classified 
                addendum to report sensitive transportation 
                security risks and associated capability gaps 
                that would be best addressed by security-
                related technology described in subparagraph 
                (A).
    (i) Notice of Covered Changes to Plan.--
            (1) Notice required.--The Administrator shall 
        submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Homeland Security of the House of Representatives 
        notice of any covered change to the Plan not later than 
        90 days after the date that the covered change is made.
            (2) Definition of covered change.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``covered change'' means--
                    (A) an increase or decrease in the dollar 
                amount allocated to the procurement of a 
                technology; or
                    (B) an increase or decrease in the number 
                of a technology.

SEC. 1612. [6 U.S.C. 563A] ACQUISITION JUSTIFICATION AND REPORTS.

    (a) Acquisition Justification.--Before the Administration 
implements any security-related technology acquisition, the 
Administrator, in accordance with the Department's policies and 
directives, shall determine whether the acquisition is 
justified by conducting an analysis that includes--
            (1) an identification of the scenarios and level of 
        risk to transportation security from those scenarios 
        that would be addressed by the security-related 
        technology acquisition;
            (2) an assessment of how the proposed acquisition 
        aligns to the Plan;
            (3) a comparison of the total expected lifecycle 
        cost against the total expected quantitative and 
        qualitative benefits to transportation security;
            (4) an analysis of alternative security solutions, 
        including policy or procedure solutions, to determine 
        if the proposed security-related technology acquisition 
        is the most effective and cost-efficient solution based 
        on cost-benefit considerations;
            (5) an assessment of the potential privacy and 
        civil liberties implications of the proposed 
        acquisition that includes, to the extent practicable, 
        consultation with organizations that advocate for the 
        protection of privacy and civil liberties;
            (6) a determination that the proposed acquisition 
        is consistent with fair information practice principles 
        issued by the Privacy Officer of the Department;
            (7) confirmation that there are no significant 
        risks to human health or safety posed by the proposed 
        acquisition; and
            (8) an estimate of the benefits to commercial 
        aviation passengers.
    (b) Reports and Certification to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than the end of the 30-
        day period preceding the award by the Administration of 
        a contract for any security-related technology 
        acquisition exceeding $30,000,000, the Administrator 
        shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Homeland Security of the House of Representatives--
                    (A) the results of the comprehensive 
                acquisition justification under subsection (a); 
                and
                    (B) a certification by the Administrator 
                that the benefits to transportation security 
                justify the contract cost.
            (2) Extension due to imminent terrorist threat.--If 
        there is a known or suspected imminent threat to 
        transportation security, the Administrator--
                    (A) may reduce the 30-day period under 
                paragraph (1) to 5 days to rapidly respond to 
                the threat; and
                    (B) shall immediately notify the Committee 
                on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
                Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security 
                of the House of Representatives of the known or 
                suspected imminent threat.

SEC. 1613. [6 U.S.C. 563B] ACQUISITION BASELINE ESTABLISHMENT AND 
                    REPORTS.

    (a) Baseline Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Before the Administration 
        implements any security-related technology acquisition, 
        the appropriate acquisition official of the Department 
        shall establish and document a set of formal baseline 
        requirements.
            (2) Contents.--The baseline requirements under 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) include the estimated costs (including 
                lifecycle costs), schedule, and performance 
                milestones for the planned duration of the 
                acquisition;
                    (B) identify the acquisition risks and a 
                plan for mitigating those risks; and
                    (C) assess the personnel necessary to 
                manage the acquisition process, manage the 
                ongoing program, and support training and other 
                operations as necessary.
            (3) Feasibility.--In establishing the performance 
        milestones under paragraph (2)(A), the appropriate 
        acquisition official of the Department, to the extent 
        possible and in consultation with the Under Secretary 
        for Science and Technology, shall ensure that achieving 
        those milestones is technologically feasible.
            (4) Test and evaluation plan.--The Administrator, 
        in consultation with the Under Secretary for Science 
        and Technology, shall develop a test and evaluation 
        plan that describes--
                    (A) the activities that are expected to be 
                required to assess acquired technologies 
                against the performance milestones established 
                under paragraph (2)(A);
                    (B) the necessary and cost-effective 
                combination of laboratory testing, field 
                testing, modeling, simulation, and supporting 
                analysis to ensure that such technologies meet 
                the Administration's mission needs;
                    (C) an efficient planning schedule to 
                ensure that test and evaluation activities are 
                completed without undue delay; and
                    (D) if commercial aviation passengers are 
                expected to interact with the security-related 
                technology, methods that could be used to 
                measure passenger acceptance of and 
                familiarization with the security-related 
                technology.
            (5) Verification and validation.--The appropriate 
        acquisition official of the Department--
                    (A) subject to subparagraph (B), shall 
                utilize independent reviewers to verify and 
                validate the performance milestones and cost 
                estimates developed under paragraph (2) for a 
                security-related technology that pursuant to 
                section 1611(d)(2) has been identified as a 
                high priority need in the most recent Plan; and
                    (B) shall ensure that the use of 
                independent reviewers does not unduly delay the 
                schedule of any acquisition.
            (6) Streamlining access for interested vendors.--
        The Administrator shall establish a streamlined process 
        for an interested vendor of a security-related 
        technology to request and receive appropriate access to 
        the baseline requirements and test and evaluation plans 
        that are necessary for the vendor to participate in the 
        acquisitions process for that technology.
    (b) Review of Baseline Requirements and Deviation; Report 
to Congress.--
            (1) Review.--
                    (A) In general.--The appropriate 
                acquisition official of the Department shall 
                review and assess each implemented acquisition 
                to determine if the acquisition is meeting the 
                baseline requirements established under 
                subsection (a).
                    (B) Test and evaluation assessment.--The 
                review shall include an assessment of whether--
                            (i) the planned testing and 
                        evaluation activities have been 
                        completed; and
                            (ii) the results of that testing 
                        and evaluation demonstrate that the 
                        performance milestones are 
                        technologically feasible.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 30 days after making a 
        finding described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of 
        subparagraph (A), the Administrator shall submit a 
        report to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Homeland Security of the House of Representatives that 
        includes--
                    (A) the results of any assessment that 
                finds that--
                            (i) the actual or planned costs 
                        exceed the baseline costs by more than 
                        10 percent;
                            (ii) the actual or planned schedule 
                        for delivery has been delayed by more 
                        than 180 days; or
                            (iii) there is a failure to meet 
                        any performance milestone that directly 
                        impacts security effectiveness;
                    (B) the cause for such excessive costs, 
                delay, or failure; and
                    (C) a plan for corrective action.

SEC. 1614. [6 U.S.C. 563C] INVENTORY UTILIZATION.

    (a) In General.--Before the procurement of additional 
quantities of equipment to fulfill a mission need, the 
Administrator, to the extent practicable, shall utilize any 
existing units in the Administration's inventory to meet that 
need.
    (b) Tracking of Inventory.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator shall establish 
        a process for tracking--
                    (A) the location of security-related 
                equipment in the inventory under subsection 
                (a);
                    (B) the utilization status of security-
                related technology in the inventory under 
                subsection (a); and
                    (C) the quantity of security-related 
                equipment in the inventory under subsection 
                (a).
            (2) Internal controls.--The Administrator shall 
        implement internal controls to ensure up-to-date 
        accurate data on security-related technology owned, 
        deployed, and in use.
    (c) Logistics Management.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator shall establish 
        logistics principles for managing inventory in an 
        effective and efficient manner.
            (2) Limitation on just-in-time logistics.--The 
        Administrator may not use just-in-time logistics if 
        doing so--
                    (A) would inhibit necessary planning for 
                large-scale delivery of equipment to airports 
                or other facilities; or
                    (B) would unduly diminish surge capacity 
                for response to a terrorist threat.

SEC. 1615. [6 U.S.C. 563D] SMALL BUSINESS CONTRACTING GOALS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of the 
Transportation Security Acquisition Reform Act, and annually 
thereafter, the Administrator shall submit a report to the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
Representatives that includes--
            (1) the Administration's performance record with 
        respect to meeting its published small-business 
        contracting goals during the preceding fiscal year;
            (2) if the goals described in paragraph (1) were 
        not met or the Administration's performance was below 
        the published small-business contracting goals of the 
        Department--
                    (A) a list of challenges, including 
                deviations from the Administration's 
                subcontracting plans, and factors that 
                contributed to the level of performance during 
                the preceding fiscal year;
                    (B) an action plan, with benchmarks, for 
                addressing each of the challenges identified in 
                subparagraph (A) that--
                            (i) is prepared after consultation 
                        with the Secretary of Defense and the 
                        heads of Federal departments and 
                        agencies that achieved their published 
                        goals for prime contracting with small 
                        and minority-owned businesses, 
                        including small and disadvantaged 
                        businesses, in prior fiscal years; and
                            (ii) identifies policies and 
                        procedures that could be incorporated 
                        by the Administration in furtherance of 
                        achieving the Administration's 
                        published goal for such contracting; 
                        and
            (3) a status report on the implementation of the 
        action plan that was developed in the preceding fiscal 
        year in accordance with paragraph (2)(B), if such a 
        plan was required.

SEC. 1616. [6 U.S.C. 563E] CONSISTENCY WITH THE FEDERAL ACQUISITION 
                    REGULATION AND DEPARTMENTAL POLICIES AND 
                    DIRECTIVES.

    The Administrator shall execute the responsibilities set 
forth in this subtitle in a manner consistent with, and not 
duplicative of, the Federal Acquisition Regulation and the 
Department's policies and directives.

SEC. 1617. [6 U.S.C. 563F] DIVERSIFIED SECURITY TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY 
                    MARKETPLACE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of the TSA Modernization Act, the Administrator shall 
develop and submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland 
Security of the House of Representatives a strategy to promote 
a diverse security technology industry marketplace upon which 
the Administrator can rely to acquire advanced transportation 
security technologies or capabilities, including by increased 
participation of small business innovators.
    (b) Contents.--The strategy required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) Information on how existing Administration 
        solicitation, testing, evaluation, piloting, 
        acquisition, and procurement processes impact the 
        Administrator's ability to acquire from the security 
        technology industry marketplace, including small 
        business innovators that have not previously provided 
        technology to the Administration, innovative 
        technologies or capabilities with the potential to 
        enhance transportation security.
            (2) Specific actions that the Administrator will 
        take, including modifications to the processes 
        described in paragraph (1), to foster diversification 
        within the security technology industry marketplace.
            (3) Projected timelines for implementing the 
        actions described in paragraph (2).
            (4) Plans for how the Administrator could, to the 
        extent practicable, assist a small business innovator 
        periodically during such processes, including when such 
        an innovator lacks adequate resources to participate in 
        such processes, to facilitate an advanced 
        transportation security technology or capability being 
        developed and acquired by the Administrator.
            (5) An assessment of the feasibility of partnering 
        with an organization described in section 501(c)(3) of 
        the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from tax 
        under section 501(a) of such Code to provide venture 
        capital to businesses, particularly small business 
        innovators, for commercialization of innovative 
        transportation security technologies that are expected 
        to be ready for commercialization in the near term and 
        within 36 months.
    (c) Feasibility Assessment.--In conducting the feasibility 
assessment under subsection (b)(5), the Administrator shall 
consider the following:
            (1) Establishing an organization described in 
        section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 
        and exempt from tax under section 501(a) of such Code 
        as a venture capital partnership between the private 
        sector and the intelligence community to help 
        businesses, particularly small business innovators, 
        commercialize innovative security-related technologies.
            (2) Enhanced engagement through the Science and 
        Technology Directorate of the Department of Homeland 
        Security.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed as requiring changes to the Transportation Security 
Administration standards for security technology.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Intelligence community.--The term 
        ``intelligence community'' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 
        (50 U.S.C. 3003).
            (2) Small business concern.--The term ``small 
        business concern'' has the meaning described under 
        section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
            (3) Small business innovator.--The term ``small 
        business innovator'' means a small business concern 
        that has an advanced transportation security technology 
        or capability.

         Subtitle C--Maintenance of Security-related Technology

SEC. 1621. [6 U.S.C. 565] MAINTENANCE VALIDATION AND OVERSIGHT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of the TSA Modernization Act, the Administrator shall 
develop and implement a preventive maintenance validation 
process for security-related technology deployed to airports.
    (b) Maintenance by Administration Personnel at Airports.--
For maintenance to be carried out by Administration personnel 
at airports, the process referred to in subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) Guidance to Administration personnel at 
        airports specifying how to conduct and document 
        preventive maintenance actions.
            (2) Mechanisms for the Administrator to verify 
        compliance with the guidance issued pursuant to 
        paragraph (1).
    (c) Maintenance by Contractors at Airports.--For 
maintenance to be carried by a contractor at airports, the 
process referred to in subsection (a) shall require the 
following:
            (1) Provision of monthly preventative maintenance 
        schedules to appropriate Administration personnel at 
        each airport that includes information on each action 
        to be completed by contractor.
            (2) Notification to appropriate Administration 
        personnel at each airport when maintenance action is 
        completed by a contractor.
            (3) A process for independent validation by a third 
        party of contractor maintenance.
    (d) Penalties for Noncompliance.--The Administrator shall 
require maintenance for any contracts entered into 60 days 
after the date of enactment of the TSA Modernization Act or 
later for security-related technology deployed to airports to 
include penalties for noncompliance when it is determined that 
either preventive or corrective maintenance has not been 
completed according to contractual requirements and 
manufacturers' specifications.

            TITLE XVII--CONFORMING AND TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS

          * * * * * * *

SEC. 1702. EXECUTIVE SCHEDULE.

    (a)
          * * * * * * *
    (b) [5 U.S.C. 5315 note] Special Effective Date.--
Notwithstanding section 4, the amendment made by subsection 
(a)(5) shall take effect on the date on which the transfer of 
functions specified under section 441 takes effect.

SEC. 1703. UNITED STATES SECRET SERVICE.

    (a)
    (b) [3 U.S.C. 202 note] Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by this section shall take effect on the date of transfer 
of the United States Secret Service to the Department.

SEC. 1704. COAST GUARD.

    (a)
          * * * * * * *
    (g) [10 U.S.C. 101 note] Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by this section (other than subsection (f)) shall take 
effect on the date of transfer of the Coast Guard to the 
Department.

SEC. 1705. STRATEGIC NATIONAL STOCKPILE AND SMALLPOX VACCINE 
                    DEVELOPMENT.

    (a)
          * * * * * * *
    (b) [42 U.S.C. 247d-6b note] Effective Date.--The 
amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date 
of transfer of the Strategic National Stockpile of the 
Department of Health and Human Services to the Department.

SEC. 1706. TRANSFER OF CERTAIN SECURITY AND LAW ENFORCEMENT FUNCTIONS 
                    AND AUTHORITIES.

    (a)
          * * * * * * *
            (2) [40 U.S.C. 1315 note] Delegation of 
        authority.--The Secretary may delegate authority for 
        the protection of specific buildings to another Federal 
        agency where, in the Secretary's discretion, the 
        Secretary determines it necessary for the protection of 
        that building.
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 1708. [50 U.S.C. 1522 NOTE] NATIONAL BIO-WEAPONS DEFENSE ANALYSIS 
                    CENTER.

    There is established in the Department of Defense a 
National Bio-Weapons Defense Analysis Center, whose mission is 
to develop countermeasures to potential attacks by terrorists 
using weapons of mass destruction.
          * * * * * * *
    Sec. 1714. [6 U.S.C. 103] Notwithstanding any other 
provision of this Act, any report, notification, or 
consultation addressing directly or indirectly the use of 
appropriated funds and stipulated by this Act to be submitted 
to, or held with, the Congress or any Congressional committee 
shall also be submitted to, or held with, the Committees on 
Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
under the same conditions and with the same restrictions as 
stipulated by this Act.

                 TITLE XVIII--EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS

SEC. 1801. [6 U.S.C. 571] EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS DIVISION.

    (a) In General.--There is established in the Department an 
Emergency Communications Division. The Division shall be 
located in the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security 
Agency.
    (b) Assistant Director.--The head of the Division shall be 
the Assistant Director for Emergency Communications. The 
Assistant Director shall report to the Director of 
Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security. All decisions of the 
Assistant Director that entail the exercise of significant 
authority shall be subject to the approval of the Director of 
Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security.
    (c) Responsibilities.--The Assistant Director for Emergency 
Communications shall--
            (1) assist the Secretary in developing and 
        implementing the program described in section 
        7303(a)(1) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism 
        Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 194(a)(1)), except as 
        provided in section 314;
            (2) administer the Department's responsibilities 
        and authorities relating to the SAFECOM Program, 
        excluding elements related to research, development, 
        testing, and evaluation and standards;
            (3) administer the Department's responsibilities 
        and authorities relating to the Integrated Wireless 
        Network program;
            (4) conduct extensive, nationwide outreach to 
        support and promote the ability of emergency response 
        providers and relevant government officials to continue 
        to communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts 
        of terrorism, and other man-made disasters;
            (5) conduct extensive, nationwide outreach and 
        foster the development of interoperable emergency 
        communications capabilities by State, regional, local, 
        and tribal governments and public safety agencies, and 
        by regional consortia thereof;
            (6) provide technical assistance to State, 
        regional, local, and tribal government officials with 
        respect to use of interoperable emergency 
        communications capabilities;
            (7) coordinate with the Regional Administrators 
        regarding the activities of Regional Emergency 
        Communications Coordination Working Groups under 
        section 1805;
            (8) promote the development of standard operating 
        procedures and best practices with respect to use of 
        interoperable emergency communications capabilities for 
        incident response, and facilitate the sharing of 
        information on such best practices for achieving, 
        maintaining, and enhancing interoperable emergency 
        communications capabilities for such response;
            (9) coordinate, in cooperation with the National 
        Communications System, the establishment of a national 
        response capability with initial and ongoing planning, 
        implementation, and training for the deployment of 
        communications equipment for relevant State, local, and 
        tribal governments and emergency response providers in 
        the event of a catastrophic loss of local and regional 
        emergency communications services;
            (10) assist the President, the National Security 
        Council, the Homeland Security Council, and the 
        Director of the Office of Management and Budget in 
        ensuring the continued operation of the 
        telecommunications functions and responsibilities of 
        the Federal Government, excluding spectrum management;
            (11) establish, in coordination with the Director 
        of the Office for Interoperability and Compatibility, 
        requirements for interoperable emergency communications 
        capabilities, which shall be nonproprietary where 
        standards for such capabilities exist, for all public 
        safety radio and data communications systems and 
        equipment purchased using homeland security assistance 
        administered by the Department, excluding any alert and 
        warning device, technology, or system;
            (12) review, in consultation with the Assistant 
        Secretary for Grants and Training, all interoperable 
        emergency communications plans of Federal, State, 
        local, and tribal governments, including Statewide and 
        tactical interoperability plans, developed pursuant to 
        homeland security assistance administered by the 
        Department, but excluding spectrum allocation and 
        management related to such plans;
            (13) develop and update periodically, as 
        appropriate, a National Emergency Communications Plan 
        under section 1802;
            (14) perform such other duties of the Department 
        necessary to support and promote the ability of 
        emergency response providers and relevant government 
        officials to continue to communicate in the event of 
        natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-
        made disasters;
            (15) perform other duties of the Department 
        necessary to achieve the goal of and maintain and 
        enhance interoperable emergency communications 
        capabilities; and
            (16) fully participate in the mechanisms required 
        under section 2202(c)(7).
    (d) Performance of Previously Transferred Functions.--The 
Secretary shall transfer to, and administer through, the 
Assistant Director for Emergency Communications the following 
programs and responsibilities:
            (1) The SAFECOM Program, excluding elements related 
        to research, development, testing, and evaluation and 
        standards.
            (2) The responsibilities of the Chief Information 
        Officer related to the implementation of the Integrated 
        Wireless Network.
            (3) The Interoperable Communications Technical 
        Assistance Program.
    (e) Coordination.--The Assistant Director for Emergency 
Communications shall coordinate--
            (1) as appropriate, with the Director of the Office 
        for Interoperability and Compatibility with respect to 
        the responsibilities described in section 314; and
            (2) with the Administrator of the Federal Emergency 
        Management Agency with respect to the responsibilities 
        described in this title.
    (f) Sufficiency of Resources Plan.--
            (1) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
        of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall 
        submit to Congress a report on the resources and staff 
        necessary to carry out fully the responsibilities under 
        this title.
            (2) Comptroller general review.--The Comptroller 
        General shall review the validity of the report 
        submitted by the Secretary under paragraph (1). Not 
        later than 60 days after the date on which such report 
        is submitted, the Comptroller General shall submit to 
        Congress a report containing the findings of such 
        review.

SEC. 1802. [6 U.S.C. 572] NATIONAL EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS PLAN.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary, acting through the 
Assistant Director for Emergency Communications, and in 
cooperation with the Department of National Communications 
System (as appropriate), shall, in cooperation with State, 
local, and tribal governments, Federal departments and 
agencies, emergency response providers, and the private sector, 
develop not later than 180 days after the completion of the 
baseline assessment under section 1803, and periodically 
update, a National Emergency Communications Plan to provide 
recommendations regarding how the United States should--
            (1) support and promote the ability of emergency 
        response providers and relevant government officials to 
        continue to communicate in the event of natural 
        disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made 
        disasters; and
            (2) ensure, accelerate, and attain interoperable 
        emergency communications nationwide.
    (b) Coordination.--The Emergency Communications 
Preparedness Center under section 1806 shall coordinate the 
development of the Federal aspects of the National Emergency 
Communications Plan.
    (c) Contents.--The National Emergency Communications Plan 
shall--
            (1) include recommendations developed in 
        consultation with the Federal Communications Commission 
        and the National Institute of Standards and Technology 
        for a process for expediting national voluntary 
        consensus standards for emergency communications 
        equipment for the purchase and use by public safety 
        agencies of interoperable emergency communications 
        equipment and technologies;
            (2) identify the appropriate capabilities necessary 
        for emergency response providers and relevant 
        government officials to continue to communicate in the 
        event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and 
        other man-made disasters;
            (3) identify the appropriate interoperable 
        emergency communications capabilities necessary for 
        Federal, State, local, and tribal governments in the 
        event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and 
        other man-made disasters;
            (4) recommend both short-term and long-term 
        solutions for ensuring that emergency response 
        providers and relevant government officials can 
        continue to communicate in the event of natural 
        disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made 
        disasters;
            (5) recommend both short-term and long-term 
        solutions for deploying interoperable emergency 
        communications systems for Federal, State, local, and 
        tribal governments throughout the Nation, including 
        through the provision of existing and emerging 
        technologies;
            (6) identify how Federal departments and agencies 
        that respond to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, 
        and other man-made disasters can work effectively with 
        State, local, and tribal governments, in all States, 
        and with other entities;
            (7) identify obstacles to deploying interoperable 
        emergency communications capabilities nationwide and 
        recommend short-term and long-term measures to overcome 
        those obstacles, including recommendations for 
        multijurisdictional coordination among Federal, State, 
        local, and tribal governments;
            (8) recommend goals and timeframes for the 
        deployment of emergency, command-level communications 
        systems based on new and existing equipment across the 
        United States and develop a timetable for the 
        deployment of interoperable emergency communications 
        systems nationwide;
            (9) recommend appropriate measures that emergency 
        response providers should employ to ensure the 
        continued operation of relevant governmental 
        communications infrastructure in the event of natural 
        disasters, acts of terrorism, or other man-made 
        disasters; and
            (10) set a date, including interim benchmarks, as 
        appropriate, by which State, local, and tribal 
        governments, Federal departments and agencies, and 
        emergency response providers expect to achieve a 
        baseline level of national interoperable 
        communications, as that term is defined under section 
        7303(g)(1) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism 
        Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 194(g)(1)).

SEC. 1803. [6 U.S.C. 573] ASSESSMENTS AND REPORTS.

    (a) Baseline Assessment.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date of enactment of this section and not less than every 5 
years thereafter, the Secretary, acting through the Assistant 
Director for Emergency Communications, shall conduct an 
assessment of Federal, State, local, and tribal governments 
that--
            (1) defines the range of capabilities needed by 
        emergency response providers and relevant government 
        officials to continue to communicate in the event of 
        natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-
        made disasters;
            (2) defines the range of interoperable emergency 
        communications capabilities needed for specific events;
            (3) assesses the current available capabilities to 
        meet such communications needs;
            (4) identifies the gap between such current 
        capabilities and defined requirements; and
            (5) includes a national interoperable emergency 
        communications inventory to be completed by the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
        Commerce, and the Chairman of the Federal 
        Communications Commission that--
                    (A) identifies for each Federal department 
                and agency--
                            (i) the channels and frequencies 
                        used;
                            (ii) the nomenclature used to refer 
                        to each channel or frequency used; and
                            (iii) the types of communications 
                        systems and equipment used; and
                    (B) identifies the interoperable emergency 
                communications systems in use by public safety 
                agencies in the United States.
    (b) Classified Annex.--The baseline assessment under this 
section may include a classified annex including information 
provided under subsection (a)(5)(A).
    (c) Savings Clause.--In conducting the baseline assessment 
under this section, the Secretary may incorporate findings from 
assessments conducted before, or ongoing on, the date of 
enactment of this title.
    (d) Progress Reports.--Not later than one year after the 
date of enactment of this section and biennially thereafter, 
the Secretary, acting through the Assistant Director for 
Emergency Communications, shall submit to Congress a report on 
the progress of the Department in achieving the goals of, and 
carrying out its responsibilities under, this title, 
including--
            (1) a description of the findings of the most 
        recent baseline assessment conducted under subsection 
        (a);
            (2) a determination of the degree to which 
        interoperable emergency communications capabilities 
        have been attained to date and the gaps that remain for 
        interoperability to be achieved;
            (3) an evaluation of the ability to continue to 
        communicate and to provide and maintain interoperable 
        emergency communications by emergency managers, 
        emergency response providers, and relevant government 
        officials in the event of--
                    (A) natural disasters, acts of terrorism, 
                or other man-made disasters, including 
                Incidents of National Significance declared by 
                the Secretary under the National Response Plan; 
                and
                    (B) a catastrophic loss of local and 
                regional communications services;
            (4) a list of best practices relating to the 
        ability to continue to communicate and to provide and 
        maintain interoperable emergency communications in the 
        event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other 
        man-made disasters; and
                    (A) an evaluation of the feasibility and 
                desirability of the Department developing, on 
                its own or in conjunction with the Department 
                of Defense, a mobile communications capability, 
                modeled on the Army Signal Corps, that could be 
                deployed to support emergency communications at 
                the site of natural disasters, acts of 
                terrorism, or other man-made disasters.

SEC. 1804. [6 U.S.C. 574] COORDINATION OF DEPARTMENT EMERGENCY 
                    COMMUNICATIONS GRANT PROGRAMS.

    (a) Coordination of Grants and Standards Programs.--The 
Secretary, acting through the Assistant Director for Emergency 
Communications, shall ensure that grant guidelines for the use 
of homeland security assistance administered by the Department 
relating to interoperable emergency communications are 
coordinated and consistent with the goals and recommendations 
in the National Emergency Communications Plan under section 
1802.
    (b) Denial of Eligibility for Grants.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the 
        Assistant Secretary for Grants and Planning, and in 
        consultation with the Assistant Director for Emergency 
        Communications, may prohibit any State, local, or 
        tribal government from using homeland security 
        assistance administered by the Department to achieve, 
        maintain, or enhance emergency communications 
        capabilities, if--
                    (A) such government has not complied with 
                the requirement to submit a Statewide 
                Interoperable Communications Plan as required 
                by section 7303(f) of the Intelligence Reform 
                and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 
                194(f));
                    (B) such government has proposed to upgrade 
                or purchase new equipment or systems that do 
                not meet or exceed any applicable national 
                voluntary consensus standards and has not 
                provided a reasonable explanation of why such 
                equipment or systems will serve the needs of 
                the applicant better than equipment or systems 
                that meet or exceed such standards; and
                    (C) as of the date that is 3 years after 
                the date of the completion of the initial 
                National Emergency Communications Plan under 
                section 1802, national voluntary consensus 
                standards for interoperable emergency 
                communications capabilities have not been 
                developed and promulgated.
            (2) Standards.--The Secretary, in coordination with 
        the Federal Communications Commission, the National 
        Institute of Standards and Technology, and other 
        Federal departments and agencies with responsibility 
        for standards, shall support the development, 
        promulgation, and updating as necessary of national 
        voluntary consensus standards for interoperable 
        emergency communications.

SEC. 1805. [6 U.S.C. 575] REGIONAL EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS 
                    COORDINATION.

    (a) In General.--There is established in each Regional 
Office a Regional Emergency Communications Coordination Working 
Group (in this section referred to as an ``RECC Working 
Group''). Each RECC Working Group shall report to the relevant 
Regional Administrator and coordinate its activities with the 
relevant Regional Advisory Council.
    (b) Membership.--Each RECC Working Group shall consist of 
the following:
            (1) Non-federal.--Organizations representing the 
        interests of the following:
                    (A) State officials.
                    (B) Local government officials, including 
                sheriffs.
                    (C) State police departments.
                    (D) Local police departments.
                    (E) Local fire departments.
                    (F) Public safety answering points (9-1-1 
                services).
                    (G) State emergency managers, homeland 
                security directors, or representatives of State 
                Administrative Agencies.
                    (H) Local emergency managers or homeland 
                security directors.
                    (I) Other emergency response providers as 
                appropriate.
            (2) Federal.--Representatives from the Department, 
        the Federal Communications Commission, and other 
        Federal departments and agencies with responsibility 
        for coordinating interoperable emergency communications 
        with or providing emergency support services to State, 
        local, and tribal governments.
    (c) Coordination.--Each RECC Working Group shall coordinate 
its activities with the following:
            (1) Communications equipment manufacturers and 
        vendors (including broadband data service providers).
            (2) Local exchange carriers.
            (3) Local broadcast media.
            (4) Wireless carriers.
            (5) Satellite communications services.
            (6) Cable operators.
            (7) Hospitals.
            (8) Public utility services.
            (9) Emergency evacuation transit services.
            (10) Ambulance services.
            (11) HAM and amateur radio operators.
            (12) Representatives from other private sector 
        entities and nongovernmental organizations as the 
        Regional Administrator determines appropriate.
    (d) Duties.--The duties of each RECC Working Group shall 
include--
            (1) assessing the survivability, sustainability, 
        and interoperability of local emergency communications 
        systems to meet the goals of the National Emergency 
        Communications Plan;
            (2) reporting annually to the relevant Regional 
        Administrator, the Assistant Director for Emergency 
        Communications, the Chairman of the Federal 
        Communications Commission, and the Assistant Secretary 
        for Communications and Information of the Department of 
        Commerce on the status of its region in building robust 
        and sustainable interoperable voice and data emergency 
        communications networks and, not later than 60 days 
        after the completion of the initial National Emergency 
        Communications Plan under section 1802, on the progress 
        of the region in meeting the goals of such plan;
            (3) ensuring a process for the coordination of 
        effective multijurisdictional, multi-agency emergency 
        communications networks for use during natural 
        disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made 
        disasters through the expanded use of emergency 
        management and public safety communications mutual aid 
        agreements; and
            (4) coordinating the establishment of Federal, 
        State, local, and tribal support services and networks 
        designed to address the immediate and critical human 
        needs in responding to natural disasters, acts of 
        terrorism, and other man-made disasters.

SEC. 1806. [6 U.S.C. 576] EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS PREPAREDNESS CENTER.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established the Emergency 
Communications Preparedness Center (in this section referred to 
as the ``Center'').
    (b) Operation.--The Secretary, the Chairman of the Federal 
Communications Commission, the Secretary of Defense, the 
Secretary of Commerce, the Attorney General of the United 
States, and the heads of other Federal departments and agencies 
or their designees shall jointly operate the Center in 
accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding entitled, 
``Emergency Communications Preparedness Center (ECPC) 
Charter''.
    (c) Functions.--The Center shall--
            (1) serve as the focal point for interagency 
        efforts and as a clearinghouse with respect to all 
        relevant intergovernmental information to support and 
        promote (including specifically by working to avoid 
        duplication, hindrances, and counteractive efforts 
        among the participating Federal departments and 
        agencies)--
                    (A) the ability of emergency response 
                providers and relevant government officials to 
                continue to communicate in the event of natural 
                disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-
                made disasters; and
                    (B) interoperable emergency communications;
            (2) prepare and submit to Congress, on an annual 
        basis, a strategic assessment regarding the 
        coordination efforts of Federal departments and 
        agencies to advance--
                    (A) the ability of emergency response 
                providers and relevant government officials to 
                continue to communicate in the event of natural 
                disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-
                made disasters; and
                    (B) interoperable emergency communications;
            (3) consider, in preparing the strategic assessment 
        under paragraph (2), the goals stated in the National 
        Emergency Communications Plan under section 1802; and
            (4) perform such other functions as are provided in 
        the Emergency Communications Preparedness Center (ECPC) 
        Charter described in subsection (b)(1).

SEC. 1807. [6 U.S.C. 577] URBAN AND OTHER HIGH RISK AREA COMMUNICATIONS 
                    CAPABILITIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission and the 
Secretary of Defense, and with appropriate State, local, and 
tribal government officials, shall provide technical guidance, 
training, and other assistance, as appropriate, to support the 
rapid establishment of consistent, secure, and effective 
interoperable emergency communications capabilities in the 
event of an emergency in urban and other areas determined by 
the Secretary to be at consistently high levels of risk from 
natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made 
disasters.
    (b) Minimum Capabilities.--The interoperable emergency 
communications capabilities established under subsection (a) 
shall ensure the ability of all levels of government, emergency 
response providers, the private sector, and other organizations 
with emergency response capabilities--
            (1) to communicate with each other in the event of 
        an emergency;
            (2) to have appropriate and timely access to the 
        Information Sharing Environment described in section 
        1016 of the National Security Intelligence Reform Act 
        of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 321); and
            (3) to be consistent with any applicable State or 
        Urban Area homeland strategy or plan.

SEC. 1808. [6 U.S.C. 578] DEFINITION.

    In this title, the term ``interoperable'' has the meaning 
given the term ``interoperable communications'' under section 
7303(g)(1) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention 
Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 194(g)(1)).

SEC. 1809. [6 U.S.C. 579] INTEROPERABLE EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS GRANT 
                    PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish the 
Interoperable Emergency Communications Grant Program to make 
grants to States to carry out initiatives to improve local, 
tribal, statewide, regional, national and, where appropriate, 
international interoperable emergency communications, including 
communications in collective response to natural disasters, 
acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.
    (b) Policy.--The Assistant Director for Emergency 
Communications shall ensure that a grant awarded to a State 
under this section is consistent with the policies established 
pursuant to the responsibilities and authorities of the 
Emergency Communications Division under this title, including 
ensuring that activities funded by the grant--
            (1) comply with the statewide plan for that State 
        required by section 7303(f) of the Intelligence Reform 
        and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 194(f)); 
        and
            (2) comply with the National Emergency 
        Communications Plan under section 1802, when completed.
    (c) Administration.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator of the Federal 
        Emergency Management Agency shall administer the 
        Interoperable Emergency Communications Grant Program 
        pursuant to the responsibilities and authorities of the 
        Administrator under title V of the Act.
            (2) Guidance.--In administering the grant program, 
        the Administrator shall ensure that the use of grants 
        is consistent with guidance established by the 
        Assistant Director for Emergency Communications 
        pursuant to section 7303(a)(1)(H) of the Intelligence 
        Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 
        194(a)(1)(H)).
    (d) Use of Funds.--A State that receives a grant under this 
section shall use the grant to implement that State's Statewide 
Interoperability Plan required under section 7303(f) of the 
Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 
U.S.C. 194(f)) and approved under subsection (e), and to assist 
with activities determined by the Secretary to be integral to 
interoperable emergency communications.
    (e) Approval of Plans.--
            (1) Approval as condition of grant.--Before a State 
        may receive a grant under this section, the Assistant 
        Director for Emergency Communications shall approve the 
        State's Statewide Interoperable Communications Plan 
        required under section 7303(f) of the Intelligence 
        Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 
        194(f)).
            (2) Plan requirements.--In approving a plan under 
        this subsection, the Assistant Director for Emergency 
        Communications shall ensure that the plan--
                    (A) is designed to improve interoperability 
                at the city, county, regional, State and 
                interstate level;
                    (B) considers any applicable local or 
                regional plan; and
                    (C) complies, to the maximum extent 
                practicable, with the National Emergency 
                Communications Plan under section 1802.
            (3) Approval of revisions.--The Assistant Director 
        for Emergency Communications may approve revisions to a 
        State's plan if the Assistant Director determines that 
        doing so is likely to further interoperability.
    (f) Limitations on Uses of Funds.--
            (1) In general.--The recipient of a grant under 
        this section may not use the grant--
                    (A) to supplant State or local funds;
                    (B) for any State or local government cost-
                sharing contribution; or
                    (C) for recreational or social purposes.
            (2) Penalties.--In addition to other remedies 
        currently available, the Secretary may take such 
        actions as necessary to ensure that recipients of grant 
        funds are using the funds for the purpose for which 
        they were intended.
    (g) Limitations on Award of Grants.--
            (1) National emergency communications plan 
        required.--The Secretary may not award a grant under 
        this section before the date on which the Secretary 
        completes and submits to Congress the National 
        Emergency Communications Plan required under section 
        1802.
            (2) Voluntary consensus standards.--The Secretary 
        may not award a grant to a State under this section for 
        the purchase of equipment that does not meet applicable 
        voluntary consensus standards, unless the State 
        demonstrates that there are compelling reasons for such 
        purchase.
    (h) Award of Grants.--In approving applications and 
awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall 
consider--
            (1) the risk posed to each State by natural 
        disasters, acts of terrorism, or other manmade 
        disasters, including--
                    (A) the likely need of a jurisdiction 
                within the State to respond to such risk in 
                nearby jurisdictions;
                    (B) the degree of threat, vulnerability, 
                and consequences related to critical 
                infrastructure (from all critical 
                infrastructure sectors) or key resources 
                identified by the Administrator or the State 
                homeland security and emergency management 
                plans, including threats to, vulnerabilities 
                of, and consequences from damage to critical 
                infrastructure and key resources in nearby 
                jurisdictions;
                    (C) the size of the population and density 
                of the population of the State, including 
                appropriate consideration of military, tourist, 
                and commuter populations;
                    (D) whether the State is on or near an 
                international border;
                    (E) whether the State encompasses an 
                economically significant border crossing; and
                    (F) whether the State has a coastline 
                bordering an ocean, a major waterway used for 
                interstate commerce, or international waters; 
                and
            (2) the anticipated effectiveness of the State's 
        proposed use of grant funds to improve 
        interoperability.
    (i) Opportunity to Amend Applications.--In considering 
applications for grants under this section, the Administrator 
shall provide applicants with a reasonable opportunity to 
correct defects in the application, if any, before making final 
awards.
    (j) Minimum Grant Amounts.--
            (1) States.--In awarding grants under this section, 
        the Secretary shall ensure that for each fiscal year, 
        except as provided in paragraph (2), no State receives 
        a grant in an amount that is less than the following 
        percentage of the total amount appropriated for grants 
        under this section for that fiscal year:
                    (A) For fiscal year 2008, 0.50 percent.
                    (B) For fiscal year 2009, 0.50 percent.
                    (C) For fiscal year 2010, 0.45 percent.
                    (D) For fiscal year 2011, 0.40 percent.
                    (E) For fiscal year 2012 and each 
                subsequent fiscal year, 0.35 percent.
            (2) Territories and possessions.--In awarding 
        grants under this section, the Secretary shall ensure 
        that for each fiscal year, American Samoa, the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and 
        the Virgin Islands each receive grants in amounts that 
        are not less than 0.08 percent of the total amount 
        appropriated for grants under this section for that 
        fiscal year.
    (k) Certification.--Each State that receives a grant under 
this section shall certify that the grant is used for the 
purpose for which the funds were intended and in compliance 
with the State's approved Statewide Interoperable 
Communications Plan.
    (l) State Responsibilities.--
            (1) Availability of funds to local and tribal 
        governments.--Not later than 45 days after receiving 
        grant funds, any State that receives a grant under this 
        section shall obligate or otherwise make available to 
        local and tribal governments--
                    (A) not less than 80 percent of the grant 
                funds;
                    (B) with the consent of local and tribal 
                governments, eligible expenditures having a 
                value of not less than 80 percent of the amount 
                of the grant; or
                    (C) grant funds combined with other 
                eligible expenditures having a total value of 
                not less than 80 percent of the amount of the 
                grant.
            (2) Allocation of funds.--A State that receives a 
        grant under this section shall allocate grant funds to 
        tribal governments in the State to assist tribal 
        communities in improving interoperable communications, 
        in a manner consistent with the Statewide Interoperable 
        Communications Plan. A State may not impose 
        unreasonable or unduly burdensome requirements on a 
        tribal government as a condition of providing grant 
        funds or resources to the tribal government.
            (3) Penalties.--If a State violates the 
        requirements of this subsection, in addition to other 
        remedies available to the Secretary, the Secretary may 
        terminate or reduce the amount of the grant awarded to 
        that State or transfer grant funds previously awarded 
        to the State directly to the appropriate local or 
        tribal government.
    (m) Reports.--
            (1) Annual reports by state grant recipients.--A 
        State that receives a grant under this section shall 
        annually submit to the Assistant Director for Emergency 
        Communications a report on the progress of the State in 
        implementing that State's Statewide Interoperable 
        Communications Plans required under section 7303(f) of 
        the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 
        2004 (6 U.S.C. 194(f)) and achieving interoperability 
        at the city, county, regional, State, and interstate 
        levels. The Assistant Director shall make the reports 
        publicly available, including by making them available 
        on the Internet website of the Cybersecurity and 
        Infrastructure Security Agency, subject to any 
        redactions that the Assistant Director determines are 
        necessary to protect classified or other sensitive 
        information.
            (2) Annual reports to congress.--At least once each 
        year, the Assistant Director for Emergency 
        Communications shall submit to Congress a report on the 
        use of grants awarded under this section and any 
        progress in implementing Statewide Interoperable 
        Communications Plans and improving interoperability at 
        the city, county, regional, State, and interstate 
        level, as a result of the award of such grants.
    (n) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed or interpreted to preclude a State from using a grant 
awarded under this section for interim or long-term Internet 
Protocol-based interoperable solutions.
    (o) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated for grants under this section--
            (1) for fiscal year 2008, such sums as may be 
        necessary;
            (2) for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2012, 
        $400,000,000; and
            (3) for each subsequent fiscal year, such sums as 
        may be necessary.

SEC. 1810. [6 U.S.C. 580] BORDER INTEROPERABILITY DEMONSTRATION 
                    PROJECT.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Secretary, acting through 
        the Assistant Director for Emergency Communications 
        (referred to in this section as the ``Assistant 
        Director''), and in coordination with the Federal 
        Communications Commission and the Secretary of 
        Commerce, shall establish an International Border 
        Community Interoperable Communications Demonstration 
        Project (referred to in this section as the 
        ``demonstration project'').
            (2) Minimum number of communities.--The Assistant 
        Director shall select no fewer than 6 communities to 
        participate in a demonstration project.
            (3) Location of communities.--No fewer than 3 of 
        the communities selected under paragraph (2) shall be 
        located on the northern border of the United States and 
        no fewer than 3 of the communities selected under 
        paragraph (2) shall be located on the southern border 
        of the United States.
    (b) Conditions.--The Assistant Director, in coordination 
with the Federal Communications Commission and the Secretary of 
Commerce, shall ensure that the project is carried out as soon 
as adequate spectrum is available as a result of the 800 
megahertz rebanding process in border areas, and shall ensure 
that the border projects do not impair or impede the rebanding 
process, but under no circumstances shall funds be distributed 
under this section unless the Federal Communications Commission 
and the Secretary of Commerce agree that these conditions have 
been met.
    (c) Program Requirements.--Consistent with the 
responsibilities of the Emergency Communications Division under 
section 1801, the Assistant Director shall foster local, 
tribal, State, and Federal interoperable emergency 
communications, as well as interoperable emergency 
communications with appropriate Canadian and Mexican 
authorities in the communities selected for the demonstration 
project. The Assistant Director shall--
            (1) identify solutions to facilitate interoperable 
        communications across national borders expeditiously;
            (2) help ensure that emergency response providers 
        can communicate with each other in the event of natural 
        disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made 
        disasters;
            (3) provide technical assistance to enable 
        emergency response providers to deal with threats and 
        contingencies in a variety of environments;
            (4) identify appropriate joint-use equipment to 
        ensure communications access;
            (5) identify solutions to facilitate communications 
        between emergency response providers in communities of 
        differing population densities; and
            (6) take other actions or provide equipment as the 
        Assistant Director deems appropriate to foster 
        interoperable emergency communications.
    (d) Distribution of Funds.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall distribute 
        funds under this section to each community 
        participating in the demonstration project through the 
        State, or States, in which each community is located.
            (2) Other participants.--A State shall make the 
        funds available promptly to the local and tribal 
        governments and emergency response providers selected 
        by the Secretary to participate in the demonstration 
        project.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 90 days after a State 
        receives funds under this subsection the State shall 
        report to the Assistant Director on the status of the 
        distribution of such funds to local and tribal 
        governments.
    (e) Maximum Period of Grants.--The Assistant Director may 
not fund any participant under the demonstration project for 
more than 3 years.
    (f) Transfer of Information and Knowledge.--The Assistant 
Director shall establish mechanisms to ensure that the 
information and knowledge gained by participants in the 
demonstration project are transferred among the participants 
and to other interested parties, including other communities 
that submitted applications to the participant in the project.
    (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated for grants under this section such sums as 
may be necessary.

        TITLE XIX--COUNTERING WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION OFFICE

SEC. 1900. [6 U.S.C. 590] DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Assistant secretary.--The term ``Assistant 
        Secretary'' means the Assistant Secretary for the 
        Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Office.
            (2) Intelligence community.--The term 
        ``intelligence community'' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 
        1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003(4)).
            (3) Office.--The term ``Office'' means the 
        Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Office 
        established under section 1901(a).
            (4) Weapon of mass destruction.--The term ``weapon 
        of mass destruction'' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 101 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance 
        Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1801).

       Subtitle A--Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Office

SEC. 1901. COUNTERING WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION OFFICE.

    (a) [6 U.S.C. 591] Establishment.--There is established in 
the Department a Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Office.
    (b) Assistant Secretary.--The Office shall be headed by an 
Assistant Secretary for the Countering Weapons of Mass 
Destruction Office, who shall be appointed by the President.
    (c) Responsibilities.--The Assistant Secretary shall serve 
as the Secretary's principal advisor on--
            (1) weapons of mass destruction matters and 
        strategies; and
            (2) coordinating the efforts of the Department to 
        counter weapons of mass destruction.
    (d) Details.--The Secretary may request that the Secretary 
of Defense, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of State, 
the Attorney General, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and 
the heads of other Federal agencies, including elements of the 
intelligence community, provide for the reimbursable detail of 
personnel with relevant expertise to the Office.
    (e) Termination.--The Office shall terminate on the date 
that is 5 years after the date of the enactment of the 
Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Act of 2018.

                   Subtitle B--Mission of the Office

SEC. 1921. [6 U.S.C. 591G] MISSION OF THE OFFICE.

    The Office shall be responsible for coordinating with other 
Federal efforts and developing a strategy and policy for the 
Department to plan for, detect, and protect against the 
importation, possession, storage, transportation, development, 
or use of unauthorized chemical, biological, radiological, or 
nuclear materials, devices, or agents in the United States and 
to protect against an attack using such materials, devices, or 
agents against the people, territory, or interests of the 
United States.

SEC. 1922. [6 U.S.C. 591H] RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER DEPARTMENT COMPONENTS 
                    AND FEDERAL AGENCIES.

    (a) In General.--The authority of the Assistant Secretary 
under this title shall not affect or diminish the authority or 
the responsibility of any officer of the Department or any 
officer of any other Federal agency with respect to the 
command, control, or direction of the functions, personnel, 
funds, assets, or liabilities of any component of the 
Department or any other Federal agency.
    (b) Office for Strategy, Policy, and Plans.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of the Countering 
Weapons of Mass Destruction Act of 2018, the Assistant 
Secretary shall, in coordination with the Under Secretary for 
Strategy, Policy, and Plans, submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a strategy and implementation plan to 
direct programs within the Office and to integrate those 
programs with other programs and activities of the Department.
    (c) Federal Emergency Management Agency.--Nothing in this 
title or any other provision of law may be construed to affect 
or reduce the responsibilities of the Federal Emergency 
Management Agency or the Administrator of the Agency, including 
the diversion of any asset, function, or mission of the Agency 
or the Administrator of the Agency.

SEC. 1923. [6 U.S.C. 592] RESPONSIBILITIES.

    (a) Mission.--The Office shall be responsible for 
coordinating Federal efforts to detect and protect against the 
unauthorized importation, possession, storage, transportation, 
development, or use of a nuclear explosive device, fissile 
material, or radiological material in the United States, and to 
protect against attack using such devices or materials against 
the people, territory, or interests of the United States and, 
to this end, shall--
            (1) serve as the primary entity of the United 
        States Government to further develop, acquire, and 
        support the deployment of an enhanced domestic system 
        to detect and report on attempts to import, possess, 
        store, transport, develop, or use an unauthorized 
        nuclear explosive device, fissile material, or 
        radiological material in the United States, and improve 
        that system over time;
            (2) enhance and coordinate the nuclear detection 
        efforts of Federal, State, local, and tribal 
        governments and the private sector to ensure a managed, 
        coordinated response;
            (3) establish, with the approval of the Secretary 
        and in coordination with the Attorney General, the 
        Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Energy, 
        additional protocols and procedures for use within the 
        United States to ensure that the detection of 
        unauthorized nuclear explosive devices, fissile 
        material, or radiological material is promptly reported 
        to the Attorney General, the Secretary, the Secretary 
        of Defense, the Secretary of Energy, and other 
        appropriate officials or their respective designees for 
        appropriate action by law enforcement, military, 
        emergency response, or other authorities;
            (4) develop, with the approval of the Secretary and 
        in coordination with the Attorney General, the 
        Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, and the 
        Secretary of Energy, an enhanced global nuclear 
        detection architecture with implementation under 
        which--
                    (A) the Office will be responsible for the 
                implementation of the domestic portion of the 
                global architecture;
                    (B) the Secretary of Defense will retain 
                responsibility for implementation of Department 
                of Defense requirements within and outside the 
                United States; and
                    (C) the Secretary of State, the Secretary 
                of Defense, and the Secretary of Energy will 
                maintain their respective responsibilities for 
                policy guidance and implementation of the 
                portion of the global architecture outside the 
                United States, which will be implemented 
                consistent with applicable law and relevant 
                international arrangements;
            (5) ensure that the expertise necessary to 
        accurately interpret detection data is made available 
        in a timely manner for all technology deployed by the 
        Office to implement the global nuclear detection 
        architecture;
            (6) conduct, support, coordinate, and encourage an 
        aggressive, expedited, evolutionary, and 
        transformational program of research and development to 
        generate and improve technologies to detect and prevent 
        the illicit entry, transport, assembly, or potential 
        use within the United States of a nuclear explosive 
        device or fissile or radiological material, and 
        coordinate with the Under Secretary for Science and 
        Technology on basic and advanced or transformational 
        research and development efforts relevant to the 
        mission of both organizations;
            (7) carry out a program to test and evaluate 
        technology for detecting a nuclear explosive device and 
        fissile or radiological material, in coordination with 
        the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Energy, 
        as appropriate, and establish performance metrics for 
        evaluating the effectiveness of individual detectors 
        and detection systems in detecting such devices or 
        material--
                    (A) under realistic operational and 
                environmental conditions; and
                    (B) against realistic adversary tactics and 
                countermeasures;
            (8) support and enhance the effective sharing and 
        use of appropriate information generated by the 
        intelligence community, law enforcement agencies, 
        counterterrorism community, other government agencies, 
        and foreign governments, as well as provide appropriate 
        information to such entities;
            (9) further enhance and maintain continuous 
        awareness by analyzing information from all Office 
        mission-related detection systems;
            (10) lead the development and implementation of the 
        national strategic five-year plan for improving the 
        nuclear forensic and attribution capabilities of the 
        United States required under section 1036 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2010;
            (11) establish, within the Office, the National 
        Technical Nuclear Forensics Center to provide 
        centralized stewardship, planning, assessment, gap 
        analysis, exercises, improvement, and integration for 
        all Federal nuclear forensics and attribution 
        activities--
                    (A) to ensure an enduring national 
                technical nuclear forensics capability to 
                strengthen the collective response of the 
                United States to nuclear terrorism or other 
                nuclear attacks; and
                    (B) to coordinate and implement the 
                national strategic five-year plan referred to 
                in paragraph (10);
            (12) establish a National Nuclear Forensics 
        Expertise Development Program, which--
                    (A) is devoted to developing and 
                maintaining a vibrant and enduring academic 
                pathway from undergraduate to post-doctorate 
                study in nuclear and geochemical science 
                specialties directly relevant to technical 
                nuclear forensics, including radiochemistry, 
                geochemistry, nuclear physics, nuclear 
                engineering, materials science, and analytical 
                chemistry;
                    (B) shall--
                            (i) make available for 
                        undergraduate study student 
                        scholarships, with a duration of up to 
                        4 years per student, which shall 
                        include, if possible, at least 1 summer 
                        internship at a national laboratory or 
                        appropriate Federal agency in the field 
                        of technical nuclear forensics during 
                        the course of the student's 
                        undergraduate career;
                            (ii) make available for doctoral 
                        study student fellowships, with a 
                        duration of up to 5 years per student, 
                        which shall--
                                    (I) include, if possible, 
                                at least 2 summer internships 
                                at a national laboratory or 
                                appropriate Federal agency in 
                                the field of technical nuclear 
                                forensics during the course of 
                                the student's graduate career; 
                                and
                                    (II) require each recipient 
                                to commit to serve for 2 years 
                                in a post-doctoral position in 
                                a technical nuclear forensics-
                                related specialty at a national 
                                laboratory or appropriate 
                                Federal agency after 
                                graduation;
                            (iii) make available to faculty 
                        awards, with a duration of 3 to 5 years 
                        each, to ensure faculty and their 
                        graduate students have a sustained 
                        funding stream; and
                            (iv) place a particular emphasis on 
                        reinvigorating technical nuclear 
                        forensics programs while encouraging 
                        the participation of undergraduate 
                        students, graduate students, and 
                        university faculty from historically 
                        Black colleges and universities, 
                        Hispanic-serving institutions, Tribal 
                        Colleges and Universities, Asian 
                        American and Native American Pacific 
                        Islander-serving institutions, Alaska 
                        Native-serving institutions, and 
                        Hawaiian Native-serving institutions; 
                        and
                    (C) shall--
                            (i) provide for the selection of 
                        individuals to receive scholarships or 
                        fellowships under this section through 
                        a competitive process primarily on the 
                        basis of academic merit and the nuclear 
                        forensics and attribution needs of the 
                        United States Government;
                            (ii) provide for the setting aside 
                        of up to 10 percent of the scholarships 
                        or fellowships awarded under this 
                        section for individuals who are Federal 
                        employees to enhance the education of 
                        such employees in areas of critical 
                        nuclear forensics and attribution needs 
                        of the United States Government, for 
                        doctoral education under the 
                        scholarship on a full-time or part-time 
                        basis;
                            (iii) provide that the Secretary 
                        may enter into a contractual agreement 
                        with an institution of higher education 
                        under which the amounts provided for a 
                        scholarship under this section for 
                        tuition, fees, and other authorized 
                        expenses are paid directly to the 
                        institution with respect to which such 
                        scholarship is awarded;
                            (iv) require scholarship recipients 
                        to maintain satisfactory academic 
                        progress; and
                            (v) require that--
                                    (I) a scholarship recipient 
                                who fails to maintain a high 
                                level of academic standing, as 
                                defined by the Secretary, who 
                                is dismissed for disciplinary 
                                reasons from the educational 
                                institution such recipient is 
                                attending, or who voluntarily 
                                terminates academic training 
                                before graduation from the 
                                educational program for which 
                                the scholarship was awarded 
                                shall be liable to the United 
                                States for repayment within 1 
                                year after the date of such 
                                default of all scholarship 
                                funds paid to such recipient 
                                and to the institution of 
                                higher education on the behalf 
                                of such recipient, provided 
                                that the repayment period may 
                                be extended by the Secretary if 
                                the Secretary determines it 
                                necessary, as established by 
                                regulation; and
                                    (II) a scholarship 
                                recipient who, for any reason 
                                except death or disability, 
                                fails to begin or complete the 
                                post-doctoral service 
                                requirements in a technical 
                                nuclear forensics-related 
                                specialty at a national 
                                laboratory or appropriate 
                                Federal agency after completion 
                                of academic training shall be 
                                liable to the United States for 
                                an amount equal to--
                                            (aa) the total 
                                        amount of the 
                                        scholarship received by 
                                        such recipient under 
                                        this section; and
                                            (bb) the interest 
                                        on such amounts which 
                                        would be payable if at 
                                        the time the 
                                        scholarship was 
                                        received such 
                                        scholarship was a loan 
                                        bearing interest at the 
                                        maximum legally 
                                        prevailing rate;
            (13) provide an annual report to Congress on the 
        activities carried out under paragraphs (10), (11), and 
        (12); and
            (14) perform other duties as assigned by the 
        Secretary.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Alaska native-serving institution.--The term 
        ``Alaska Native-serving institution'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 317 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1059d).
            (2) Asian american and native american pacific 
        islander-serving institution.--The term ``Asian 
        American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving 
        institution'' has the meaning given the term in section 
        320 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1059g).
            (3) Hawaiian native-serving \11\ institution.--The 
        term ``Hawaiian native-serving \11\ institution'' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 317 of the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1059d).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \11\ The reference for the term ``Hawaiian native-serving'' in both 
the heading and the text of section 1902(b)(3) probably should be to 
``Native Hawaiian-serving''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
            (4) Hispanic-serving institution.--The term 
        ``Hispanic-serving institution'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 502 of the Higher Education Act of 
        1965 (20 U.S.C. 1101a).
            (5) Historically black college or university.--The 
        term ``historically Black college or university'' has 
        the meaning given the term ``part B institution'' in 
        section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 1061(2)).
            (6) Tribal college or university.--The term 
        ``Tribal College or University'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 316(b) of the Higher Education Act 
        of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1059c(b)).

SEC. 1924. [6 U.S.C. 593] HIRING AUTHORITY.

    In hiring personnel for the Office, the Secretary shall 
have the hiring and management authorities provided in section 
1101 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 1999 (5 U.S.C. 3104 note). The term of 
appointments for employees under subsection (c)(1) of such 
section may not exceed 5 years before granting any extension 
under subsection (c)(2) of such section.

SEC. 1925. [6 U.S.C. 594] TESTING AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--The Director shall coordinate with the 
responsible Federal agency or other entity to facilitate the 
use by the Office, by its contractors, or by other persons or 
entities, of existing Government laboratories, centers, ranges, 
or other testing facilities for the testing of materials, 
equipment, models, computer software, and other items as may be 
related to the missions identified in section 1923. Any such 
use of Government facilities shall be carried out in accordance 
with all applicable laws, regulations, and contractual 
provisions, including those governing security, safety, and 
environmental protection, including, when applicable, the 
provisions of section 309. The Office may direct that private 
sector entities utilizing Government facilities in accordance 
with this section pay an appropriate fee to the agency that 
owns or operates those facilities to defray additional costs to 
the Government resulting from such use.
    (b) Confidentiality of Test Results.--The results of tests 
performed with services made available shall be confidential 
and shall not be disclosed outside the Federal Government 
without the consent of the persons for whom the tests are 
performed.
    (c) Fees.--Fees for services made available under this 
section shall not exceed the amount necessary to recoup the 
direct and indirect costs involved, such as direct costs of 
utilities, contractor support, and salaries of personnel that 
are incurred by the United States to provide for the testing.
    (d) Use of Fees.--Fees received for services made available 
under this section may be credited to the appropriation from 
which funds were expended to provide such services.

SEC. 1926. [6 U.S.C. 596] CONTRACTING AND GRANT MAKING AUTHORITIES.

     The Secretary, acting through the Assistant Secretary, in 
carrying out the responsibilities under section 1923, shall--
            (1) operate extramural and intramural programs and 
        distribute funds through grants, cooperative 
        agreements, and other transactions and contracts;
            (2) ensure that activities under section 1923 
        include investigations of radiation detection equipment 
        in configurations suitable for deployment at seaports, 
        which may include underwater or water surface detection 
        equipment and detection equipment that can be mounted 
        on cranes and straddle cars used to move shipping 
        containers; and
            (3) have the authority to establish or contract 
        with 1 or more federally funded research and 
        development centers to provide independent analysis of 
        homeland security issues and carry out other 
        responsibilities under this title.

SEC. 1927. [6 U.S.C. 596A] JOINT ANNUAL INTERAGENCY REVIEW OF GLOBAL 
                    NUCLEAR DETECTION ARCHITECTURE.

    (a) Annual Review.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, the Attorney 
        General, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of 
        Defense, the Secretary of Energy, and the Director of 
        National Intelligence shall jointly ensure interagency 
        coordination on the development and implementation of 
        the global nuclear detection architecture by ensuring 
        that, not less frequently than once each year--
                    (A) each relevant agency, office, or 
                entity--
                            (i) assesses its involvement, 
                        support, and participation in the 
                        development, revision, and 
                        implementation of the global nuclear 
                        detection architecture; and
                            (ii) examines and evaluates 
                        components of the global nuclear 
                        detection architecture (including 
                        associated strategies and acquisition 
                        plans) relating to the operations of 
                        that agency, office, or entity, to 
                        determine whether such components 
                        incorporate and address current threat 
                        assessments, scenarios, or intelligence 
                        analyses developed by the Director of 
                        National Intelligence or other agencies 
                        regarding threats relating to nuclear 
                        or radiological weapons of mass 
                        destruction;
                    (B) each agency, office, or entity 
                deploying or operating any nuclear or 
                radiological detection technology under the 
                global nuclear detection architecture--
                            (i) evaluates the deployment and 
                        operation of nuclear or radiological 
                        detection technologies under the global 
                        nuclear detection architecture by that 
                        agency, office, or entity;
                            (ii) identifies performance 
                        deficiencies and operational or 
                        technical deficiencies in nuclear or 
                        radiological detection technologies 
                        deployed under the global nuclear 
                        detection architecture; and
                            (iii) assesses the capacity of that 
                        agency, office, or entity to implement 
                        the responsibilities of that agency, 
                        office, or entity under the global 
                        nuclear detection architecture; and
                    (C) the Assistant Secretary and each of the 
                relevant departments that are partners in the 
                National Technical Forensics Center--
                            (i) include, as part of the 
                        assessments, evaluations, and reviews 
                        required under this paragraph, each 
                        office's or department's activities and 
                        investments in support of nuclear 
                        forensics and attribution activities 
                        and specific goals and objectives 
                        accomplished during the previous year 
                        pursuant to the national strategic 
                        five-year plan for improving the 
                        nuclear forensic and attribution 
                        capabilities of the United States 
                        required under section 1036 of the 
                        National Defense Authorization Act for 
                        Fiscal Year 2010;
                            (ii) attaches, as an appendix to 
                        the Joint Interagency Annual Review, 
                        the most current version of such 
                        strategy and plan; and
                            (iii) includes a description of new 
                        or amended bilateral and multilateral 
                        agreements and efforts in support of 
                        nuclear forensics and attribution 
                        activities accomplished during the 
                        previous year.
            (2) Technology.--Not less frequently than once each 
        year, the Secretary shall examine and evaluate the 
        development, assessment, and acquisition of radiation 
        detection technologies deployed or implemented in 
        support of the domestic portion of the global nuclear 
        detection architecture.
    (b) Annual Report on Joint Interagency Review.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 31 of each 
        year, the Secretary, the Attorney General, the 
        Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the 
        Secretary of Energy, and the Director of National 
        Intelligence, shall jointly submit a report regarding 
        the implementation of this section and the results of 
        the reviews required under subsection (a) to--
                    (A) the President;
                    (B) the Committee on Appropriations, the 
                Committee on Armed Services, the Select 
                Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on 
                Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of 
                the Senate; and
                    (C) the Committee on Appropriations, the 
                Committee on Armed Services, the Permanent 
                Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee 
                on Homeland Security, and the Committee on 
                Science and Technology of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) Form.--The annual report submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form 
        to the maximum extent practicable, but may include a 
        classified annex.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``global nuclear 
detection architecture'' means the global nuclear detection 
architecture developed under section 1923.

SEC. 1928. [6 U.S.C. 596B] SECURING THE CITIES PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary, through the Assistant 
Secretary, shall establish a program, to be known as the 
``Securing the Cities'' or ``STC'' program, to enhance the 
ability of the United States to detect and prevent terrorist 
attacks and other high-consequence events utilizing nuclear or 
other radiological materials that pose a high risk to homeland 
security in high-risk urban areas.
    (b) Elements.--Through the STC program the Secretary 
shall--
            (1) assist State, local, Tribal, and territorial 
        governments in designing and implementing, or enhancing 
        existing, architectures for coordinated and integrated 
        detection and interdiction of nuclear or other 
        radiological materials that are out of regulatory 
        control;
            (2) support the development of an operating 
        capability to detect and report on nuclear and other 
        radiological materials out of regulatory control;
            (3) provide resources to enhance detection, 
        analysis, communication, and coordination to better 
        integrate State, local, Tribal, and territorial assets 
        into Federal operations;
            (4) facilitate alarm adjudication and provide 
        subject matter expertise and technical assistance on 
        concepts of operations, training, exercises, and alarm 
        response protocols;
            (5) communicate with, and promote sharing of 
        information about the presence or detection of nuclear 
        or other radiological materials among appropriate 
        Federal, State, local, Tribal, and territorial 
        government agencies, in a manner that ensures 
        transparency with the jurisdictions designated under 
        subsection (c);
            (6) provide augmenting resources, as appropriate, 
        to enable State, local, Tribal, and territorial 
        governments to sustain and refresh their capabilities 
        developed under the STC program;
            (7) monitor expenditures under the STC program and 
        track performance in meeting the goals of the STC 
        program; and
            (8) provide any other assistance the Secretary 
        determines appropriate.
    (c) Designation of Jurisdictions.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out the STC program 
        under subsection (a), the Secretary shall designate 
        jurisdictions from among high-risk urban areas under 
        section 2003.
            (2) Congressional notification.--The Secretary 
        shall notify the Committee on Homeland Security and the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security 
        and Governmental Affairs and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate not later than 3 days 
        before the designation of a new jurisdiction under 
        paragraph (1) or any change to a jurisdiction 
        previously designated under that paragraph.
    (d) Accountability.--
            (1) Implementation plan.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                develop, in consultation with relevant 
                stakeholders, an implementation plan for 
                carrying out the STC program that includes--
                            (i) a discussion of the goals of 
                        the STC program and a strategy to 
                        achieve those goals;
                            (ii) performance metrics and 
                        milestones for the STC program;
                            (iii) measures for achieving and 
                        sustaining capabilities under the STC 
                        program; and
                            (iv) costs associated with 
                        achieving the goals of the STC program.
                    (B) Submission to congress.--Not later than 
                one year after the date of the enactment of the 
                Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Act of 
                2018, the Secretary shall submit to the 
                appropriate congressional committees and the 
                Comptroller General of the United States the 
                implementation plan required by subparagraph 
                (A).
            (2) Report required.--Not later than one year after 
        the submission of the implementation plan under 
        paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees and the 
        Comptroller General a report that includes--
                    (A) an assessment of the effectiveness of 
                the STC program, based on the performance 
                metrics and milestones required by paragraph 
                (1)(A)(ii); and
                    (B) proposals for any changes to the STC 
                program, including an explanation of how those 
                changes align with the strategy and goals of 
                the STC program and, as appropriate, address 
                any challenges faced by the STC program.
            (3) Comptroller general review.--Not later than 18 
        months after the submission of the report required by 
        paragraph (2), the Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a report evaluating the implementation plan 
        required by paragraph (1) and the report required by 
        paragraph (2), including an assessment of progress made 
        with respect to the performance metrics and milestones 
        required by paragraph (1)(A)(ii) and the sustainment of 
        the capabilities of the STC program.
            (4) Briefing and submission requirements.--Before 
        making any changes to the structure or requirements of 
        the STC program, the Assistant Secretary shall--
                    (A) consult with the appropriate 
                congressional committees; and
                    (B) provide to those committees--
                            (i) a briefing on the proposed 
                        changes, including a justification for 
                        the changes;
                            (ii) documentation relating to the 
                        changes, including plans, strategies, 
                        and resources to implement the changes; 
                        and
                            (iii) an assessment of the effect 
                        of the changes on the capabilities of 
                        the STC program, taking into 
                        consideration previous resource 
                        allocations and stakeholder input.

                   Subtitle C--Chief Medical Officer

SEC. 1931. [6 U.S.C. 587] CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER.

    (a) In General.--There is in the Office a Chief Medical 
Officer, who shall be appointed by the President. The Chief 
Medical Officer shall report to the Assistant Secretary.
    (b) Qualifications.--The individual appointed as Chief 
Medical Officer shall be a licensed physician possessing a 
demonstrated ability in and knowledge of medicine and public 
health.
    (c) Responsibilities.--The Chief Medical Officer shall have 
the responsibility within the Department for medical issues 
related to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-
made disasters, including--
            (1) serving as the principal advisor on medical and 
        public health issues to the Secretary, the 
        Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management 
        Agency, the Assistant Secretary, and other Department 
        officials;
            (2) providing operational medical support to all 
        components of the Department;
            (3) as appropriate, providing medical liaisons to 
        the components of the Department, on a reimbursable 
        basis, to provide subject matter expertise on 
        operational medical issues;
            (4) coordinating with Federal, State, local, and 
        Tribal governments, the medical community, and others 
        within and outside the Department, including the 
        Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the 
        Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and 
        Response of the Department of Health and Human 
        Services, with respect to medical and public health 
        matters; and
            (5) performing such other duties relating to such 
        responsibilities as the Secretary may require.

                   TITLE XX--HOMELAND SECURITY GRANTS

SEC. 2001. [6 U.S.C. 601] DEFINITIONS.

     In this title, the following definitions shall apply:
            (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' 
        means the Administrator of the Federal Emergency 
        Management Agency.
            (2) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
        ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
                    (B) those committees of the House of 
                Representatives that the Speaker of the House 
                of Representatives determines appropriate.
            (3) Critical infrastructure sectors.--The term 
        ``critical infrastructure sectors'' means the following 
        sectors, in both urban and rural areas:
                    (A) Agriculture and food.
                    (B) Banking and finance.
                    (C) Chemical industries.
                    (D) Commercial facilities.
                    (E) Commercial nuclear reactors, materials, 
                and waste.
                    (F) Dams.
                    (G) The defense industrial base.
                    (H) Emergency services.
                    (I) Energy.
                    (J) Government facilities.
                    (K) Information technology.
                    (L) National monuments and icons.
                    (M) Postal and shipping.
                    (N) Public health and health care.
                    (O) Telecommunications.
                    (P) Transportation systems.
                    (Q) Water.
            (4) Directly eligible tribe.--The term ``directly 
        eligible tribe'' means--
                    (A) any Indian tribe--
                            (i) that is located in the 
                        continental United States;
                            (ii) that operates a law 
                        enforcement or emergency response 
                        agency with the capacity to respond to 
                        calls for law enforcement or emergency 
                        services;
                            (iii)(I) that is located on or near 
                        an international border or a coastline 
                        bordering an ocean (including the Gulf 
                        of Mexico) or international waters;
                            (II) that is located within 10 
                        miles of a system or asset included on 
                        the prioritized critical infrastructure 
                        list established under section 
                        2214(a)(2) or has such a system or 
                        asset within its territory;
                            (III) that is located within or 
                        contiguous to 1 of the 50 most populous 
                        metropolitan statistical areas in the 
                        United States; or
                            (IV) the jurisdiction of which 
                        includes not less than 1,000 square 
                        miles of Indian country, as that term 
                        is defined in section 1151 of title 18, 
                        United States Code; and
                            (iv) that certifies to the 
                        Secretary that a State has not provided 
                        funds under section 2003 or 2004 to the 
                        Indian tribe or consortium of Indian 
                        tribes for the purpose for which direct 
                        funding is sought; and
                    (B) a consortium of Indian tribes, if each 
                tribe satisfies the requirements of 
                subparagraph (A).
            (5) Eligible metropolitan area.--The term 
        ``eligible metropolitan area'' means any of the 100 
        most populous metropolitan statistical areas in the 
        United States.
            (6) High-risk urban area.--The term ``high-risk 
        urban area'' means a high-risk urban area designated 
        under section 2003(b)(3)(A).
            (7) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 4(e) of the 
        Indian Self-Determination Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(e)).
            (8) Metropolitan statistical area.--The term 
        ``metropolitan statistical area'' means a metropolitan 
        statistical area, as defined by the Office of 
        Management and Budget.
            (9) National special security event.--The term 
        ``National Special Security Event'' means a designated 
        event that, by virtue of its political, economic, 
        social, or religious significance, may be the target of 
        terrorism or other criminal activity.
            (10) Population.--The term ``population'' means 
        population according to the most recent United States 
        census population estimates available at the start of 
        the relevant fiscal year.
            (11) Population density.--The term ``population 
        density'' means population divided by land area in 
        square miles.
            (12) Qualified intelligence analyst.--The term 
        ``qualified intelligence analyst'' means an 
        intelligence analyst (as that term is defined in 
        section 210A(j)), including law enforcement personnel--
                    (A) who has successfully completed training 
                to ensure baseline proficiency in intelligence 
                analysis and production, as determined by the 
                Secretary, which may include training using a 
                curriculum developed under section 209; or
                    (B) whose experience ensures baseline 
                proficiency in intelligence analysis and 
                production equivalent to the training required 
                under subparagraph (A), as determined by the 
                Secretary.
            (13) Target capabilities.--The term ``target 
        capabilities'' means the target capabilities for 
        Federal, State, local, and tribal government 
        preparedness for which guidelines are required to be 
        established under section 646(a) of the Post-Katrina 
        Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (6 U.S.C. 
        746(a)).
            (14) Tribal government.--The term ``tribal 
        government'' means the government of an Indian tribe.

         Subtitle A--Grants to States and High-Risk Urban Areas

SEC. 2002. [6 U.S.C. 603] HOMELAND SECURITY GRANT PROGRAMS.

    (a) Grants Authorized.--The Secretary, through the 
Administrator, may award grants under sections 2003 and 2004 to 
State, local, and tribal governments.
    (b) Programs Not Affected.--This subtitle shall not be 
construed to affect any of the following Federal programs:
            (1) Firefighter and other assistance programs 
        authorized under the Federal Fire Prevention and 
        Control Act of 1974 (15 U.S.C. 2201 et seq.).
            (2) Grants authorized under the Robert T. Stafford 
        Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
        5121 et seq.).
            (3) Emergency Management Performance Grants under 
        the amendments made by title II of the Implementing 
        Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007.
            (4) Grants to protect critical infrastructure, 
        including port security grants authorized under section 
        70107 of title 46, United States Code, and the grants 
        authorized under title XIV and XV of the Implementing 
        Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 and 
        the amendments made by such titles.
            (5) The Metropolitan Medical Response System 
        authorized under section 635 of the Post-Katrina 
        Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (6 U.S.C. 723).
            (6) The Interoperable Emergency Communications 
        Grant Program authorized under title XVIII.
            (7) Grant programs other than those administered by 
        the Department.
    (c) Relationship to Other Laws.--
            (1) In general.--The grant programs authorized 
        under sections 2003 and 2004 shall supercede all grant 
        programs authorized under section 1014 of the USA 
        PATRIOT Act (42 U.S.C. 3714).
            (2) Allocation.--The allocation of grants 
        authorized under section 2003 or 2004 shall be governed 
        by the terms of this subtitle and not by any other 
        provision of law.

SEC. 2003. [6 U.S.C. 604] URBAN AREA SECURITY INITIATIVE.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established an Urban Area 
Security Initiative to provide grants to assist high-risk urban 
areas in preventing, preparing for, protecting against, and 
responding to acts of terrorism.
    (b) Assessment and Designation of High-Risk Urban Areas.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator shall designate 
        high-risk urban areas to receive grants under this 
        section based on procedures under this subsection.
            (2) Initial assessment.--
                    (A) In general.--For each fiscal year, the 
                Administrator shall conduct an initial 
                assessment of the relative threat, 
                vulnerability, and consequences from acts of 
                terrorism faced by each eligible metropolitan 
                area, including consideration of--
                            (i) the factors set forth in 
                        subparagraphs (A) through (H) and (K) 
                        of section 2007(a)(1); and
                            (ii) information and materials 
                        submitted under subparagraph (B).
                    (B) Submission of information by eligible 
                metropolitan areas.--Prior to conducting each 
                initial assessment under subparagraph (A), the 
                Administrator shall provide each eligible 
                metropolitan area with, and shall notify each 
                eligible metropolitan area of, the opportunity 
                to--
                            (i) submit information that the 
                        eligible metropolitan area believes to 
                        be relevant to the determination of the 
                        threat, vulnerability, and consequences 
                        it faces from acts of terrorism; and
                            (ii) review the risk assessment 
                        conducted by the Department of that 
                        eligible metropolitan area, including 
                        the bases for the assessment by the 
                        Department of the threat, 
                        vulnerability, and consequences from 
                        acts of terrorism faced by that 
                        eligible metropolitan area, and remedy 
                        erroneous or incomplete information.
            (3) Designation of high-risk urban areas.--
                    (A) Designation.--
                            (i) In general.--For each fiscal 
                        year, after conducting the initial 
                        assessment under paragraph (2), and 
                        based on that assessment, the 
                        Administrator shall designate high-risk 
                        urban areas that may submit 
                        applications for grants under this 
                        section.
                            (ii) Additional areas.--
                        Notwithstanding paragraph (2), the 
                        Administrator may--
                                    (I) in any case where an 
                                eligible metropolitan area 
                                consists of more than 1 
                                metropolitan division (as that 
                                term is defined by the Office 
                                of Management and Budget) 
                                designate more than 1 high-risk 
                                urban area within a single 
                                eligible metropolitan area; and
                                    (II) designate an area that 
                                is not an eligible metropolitan 
                                area as a high-risk urban area 
                                based on the assessment by the 
                                Administrator of the relative 
                                threat, vulnerability, and 
                                consequences from acts of 
                                terrorism faced by the area.
                            (iii) Rule of construction.--
                        Nothing in this subsection may be 
                        construed to require the Administrator 
                        to--
                                    (I) designate all eligible 
                                metropolitan areas that submit 
                                information to the 
                                Administrator under paragraph 
                                (2)(B)(i) as high-risk urban 
                                areas; or
                                    (II) designate all areas 
                                within an eligible metropolitan 
                                area as part of the high-risk 
                                urban area.
                    (B) Jurisdictions included in high-risk 
                urban areas.--
                            (i) In general.--In designating 
                        high-risk urban areas under 
                        subparagraph (A), the Administrator 
                        shall determine which jurisdictions, at 
                        a minimum, shall be included in each 
                        high-risk urban area.
                            (ii) Additional jurisdictions.--A 
                        high-risk urban area designated by the 
                        Administrator may, in consultation with 
                        the State or States in which such high-
                        risk urban area is located, add 
                        additional jurisdictions to the high-
                        risk urban area.
    (c) Application.--
            (1) In general.--An area designated as a high-risk 
        urban area under subsection (b) may apply for a grant 
        under this section.
            (2) Minimum contents of application.--In an 
        application for a grant under this section, a high-risk 
        urban area shall submit--
                    (A) a plan describing the proposed division 
                of responsibilities and distribution of funding 
                among the local and tribal governments in the 
                high-risk urban area;
                    (B) the name of an individual to serve as a 
                high-risk urban area liaison with the 
                Department and among the various jurisdictions 
                in the high-risk urban area; and
                    (C) such information in support of the 
                application as the Administrator may reasonably 
                require.
            (3) Annual applications.--Applicants for grants 
        under this section shall apply or reapply on an annual 
        basis.
            (4) State review and transmission.--
                    (A) In general.--To ensure consistency with 
                State homeland security plans, a high-risk 
                urban area applying for a grant under this 
                section shall submit its application to each 
                State within which any part of that high-risk 
                urban area is located for review before 
                submission of such application to the 
                Department.
                    (B) Deadline.--Not later than 30 days after 
                receiving an application from a high-risk urban 
                area under subparagraph (A), a State shall 
                transmit the application to the Department.
                    (C) Opportunity for state comment.--If the 
                Governor of a State determines that an 
                application of a high-risk urban area is 
                inconsistent with the State homeland security 
                plan of that State, or otherwise does not 
                support the application, the Governor shall--
                            (i) notify the Administrator, in 
                        writing, of that fact; and
                            (ii) provide an explanation of the 
                        reason for not supporting the 
                        application at the time of transmission 
                        of the application.
            (5) Opportunity to amend.--In considering 
        applications for grants under this section, the 
        Administrator shall provide applicants with a 
        reasonable opportunity to correct defects in the 
        application, if any, before making final awards.
    (d) Distribution of Awards.--
            (1) In general.--If the Administrator approves the 
        application of a high-risk urban area for a grant under 
        this section, the Administrator shall distribute the 
        grant funds to the State or States in which that high-
        risk urban area is located.
            (2) State distribution of funds.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 45 days 
                after the date that a State receives grant 
                funds under paragraph (1), that State shall 
                provide the high-risk urban area awarded that 
                grant not less than 80 percent of the grant 
                funds. Any funds retained by a State shall be 
                expended on items, services, or activities that 
                benefit the high-risk urban area.
                    (B) Funds retained.--A State shall provide 
                each relevant high-risk urban area with an 
                accounting of the items, services, or 
                activities on which any funds retained by the 
                State under subparagraph (A) were expended.
            (3) Interstate urban areas.--If parts of a high-
        risk urban area awarded a grant under this section are 
        located in 2 or more States, the Administrator shall 
        distribute to each such State--
                    (A) a portion of the grant funds in 
                accordance with the proposed distribution set 
                forth in the application; or
                    (B) if no agreement on distribution has 
                been reached, a portion of the grant funds 
                determined by the Administrator to be 
                appropriate.
            (4) Certifications regarding distribution of grant 
        funds to high-risk urban areas.--A State that receives 
        grant funds under paragraph (1) shall certify to the 
        Administrator that the State has made available to the 
        applicable high-risk urban area the required funds 
        under paragraph (2).
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated for grants under this section--
            (1) $850,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
            (2) $950,000,000 for fiscal year 2009;
            (3) $1,050,000,000 for fiscal year 2010;
            (4) $1,150,000,000 for fiscal year 2011;
            (5) $1,300,000,000 for fiscal year 2012; and
            (6) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 
        2013, and each fiscal year thereafter.

SEC. 2004. [6 U.S.C. 605] STATE HOMELAND SECURITY GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established a State Homeland 
Security Grant Program to assist State, local, and tribal 
governments in preventing, preparing for, protecting against, 
and responding to acts of terrorism.
    (b) Application.--
            (1) In general.--Each State may apply for a grant 
        under this section, and shall submit such information 
        in support of the application as the Administrator may 
        reasonably require.
            (2) Minimum contents of application.--The 
        Administrator shall require that each State include in 
        its application, at a minimum--
                    (A) the purpose for which the State seeks 
                grant funds and the reasons why the State needs 
                the grant to meet the target capabilities of 
                that State;
                    (B) a description of how the State plans to 
                allocate the grant funds to local governments 
                and Indian tribes; and
                    (C) a budget showing how the State intends 
                to expend the grant funds.
            (3) Annual applications.--Applicants for grants 
        under this section shall apply or reapply on an annual 
        basis.
    (c) Distribution to Local and Tribal Governments.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after 
        receiving grant funds, any State receiving a grant 
        under this section shall make available to local and 
        tribal governments, consistent with the applicable 
        State homeland security plan--
                    (A) not less than 80 percent of the grant 
                funds;
                    (B) with the consent of local and tribal 
                governments, items, services, or activities 
                having a value of not less than 80 percent of 
                the amount of the grant; or
                    (C) with the consent of local and tribal 
                governments, grant funds combined with other 
                items, services, or activities having a total 
                value of not less than 80 percent of the amount 
                of the grant.
            (2) Certifications regarding distribution of grant 
        funds to local governments.--A State shall certify to 
        the Administrator that the State has made the 
        distribution to local and tribal governments required 
        under paragraph (1).
            (3) Extension of period.--The Governor of a State 
        may request in writing that the Administrator extend 
        the period under paragraph (1) for an additional period 
        of time. The Administrator may approve such a request 
        if the Administrator determines that the resulting 
        delay in providing grant funding to the local and 
        tribal governments is necessary to promote effective 
        investments to prevent, prepare for, protect against, 
        or respond to acts of terrorism.
            (4) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
        the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
        Rico, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands, Guam, or the Virgin Islands.
            (5) Direct funding.--If a State fails to make the 
        distribution to local or tribal governments required 
        under paragraph (1) in a timely fashion, a local or 
        tribal government entitled to receive such distribution 
        may petition the Administrator to request that grant 
        funds be provided directly to the local or tribal 
        government.
    (d) Multistate Applications.--
            (1) In general.--Instead of, or in addition to, any 
        application for a grant under subsection (b), 2 or more 
        States may submit an application for a grant under this 
        section in support of multistate efforts to prevent, 
        prepare for, protect against, and respond to acts of 
        terrorism.
            (2) Administration of grant.--If a group of States 
        applies for a grant under this section, such States 
        shall submit to the Administrator at the time of 
        application a plan describing--
                    (A) the division of responsibilities for 
                administering the grant; and
                    (B) the distribution of funding among the 
                States that are parties to the application.
    (e) Minimum Allocation.--
            (1) In general.--In allocating funds under this 
        section, the Administrator shall ensure that--
                    (A) except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
                each State receives, from the funds 
                appropriated for the State Homeland Security 
                Grant Program established under this section, 
                not less than an amount equal to--
                            (i) 0.375 percent of the total 
                        funds appropriated for grants under 
                        this section and section 2003 in fiscal 
                        year 2008;
                            (ii) 0.365 percent of the total 
                        funds appropriated for grants under 
                        this section and section 2003 in fiscal 
                        year 2009;
                            (iii) 0.36 percent of the total 
                        funds appropriated for grants under 
                        this section and section 2003 in fiscal 
                        year 2010;
                            (iv) 0.355 percent of the total 
                        funds appropriated for grants under 
                        this section and section 2003 in fiscal 
                        year 2011; and
                            (v) 0.35 percent of the total funds 
                        appropriated for grants under this 
                        section and section 2003 in fiscal year 
                        2012 and in each fiscal year 
                        thereafter; and
                    (B) for each fiscal year, American Samoa, 
                the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
                Islands, Guam, and the Virgin Islands each 
                receive, from the funds appropriated for the 
                State Homeland Security Grant Program 
                established under this section, not less than 
                an amount equal to 0.08 percent of the total 
                funds appropriated for grants under this 
                section and section 2003.
            (2) Effect of multistate award on state minimum.--
        Any portion of a multistate award provided to a State 
        under subsection (d) shall be considered in calculating 
        the minimum State allocation under this subsection.
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated for grants under this section--
            (1) $950,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 
        through 2012; and
            (2) such sums as are necessary fo