[House Document 116-105]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]




116th Congress, 2d Session - - - - - - - - - - House Document 116-105
 
    CONTINUATION OF THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO VENEZUELA

                               __________

                                MESSAGE

                                  from

                     THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

                              transmitting

NOTIFICATION THAT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO THE SITUATION 
  IN VENEZUELA THAT WAS DECLARED IN EXECUTIVE ORDER 13692 OF MARCH 8, 
  2015, IS TO CONTINUE IN EFFECT BEYOND MARCH 8, 2020, PURSUANT TO 50 
    U.S.C. 1622(d); PUBLIC LAW 94-412, SEC. 202(d); (90 STAT. 1257)

              [GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]


    March 5, 2020.--Message and accompanying papers referred to the 
         Committee on Foreign Affairs and ordered to be printed
         
                               __________

                      U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE
                      
99-011                     WASHINGTON : 2020 
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
To the Congress of the United States:
    Section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 
1622(d)) provides for the automatic termination of a national 
emergency unless, within 90 days before the anniversary date of 
its declaration, the President publishes in the Federal 
Register and transmits to the Congress a notice stating that 
the emergency is to continue in effect beyond the anniversary 
date. In accordance with this provision, I have sent to the 
Federal Register for publication the enclosed notice stating 
that the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13692 
of March 8, 2015, with respect to the situation in Venezuela is 
to continue in effect beyond March 8, 2020.
    The situation in Venezuela continues to pose an unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign 
policy of the United States. For this reason, I have determined 
that it is necessary to continue the national emergency 
declared in Executive Order 13692 with respect to the situation 
in Venezuela.

                                                   Donald J. Trump.
    The White House, March 5, 2020.





















                                 Notice

                              ----------                              


                Continuation of the National Emergency 
                       With Respect to Venezuela

    On March 8, 2015, the President issued Executive Order 
13692, declaring a national emergency with respect to the 
situation in Venezuela based on the Government of Venezuela's 
erosion of human rights guarantees; persecution of political 
opponents; curtailment of press freedoms; use of violence and 
human rights violations and abuses in response to 
antigovernment protests; and arbitrary arrest and detention of 
antigovernment protestors, as well as the exacerbating presence 
of significant government corruption.
    On August 24, 2017, I issued Executive Order 13808 to take 
additional steps, with respect to the national emergency 
declared in Executive Order 13692, to address serious abuses of 
human rights and fundamental freedoms; the deepening 
humanitarian crisis in Venezuela; the establishment of an 
illegitimate Constituent Assembly, which usurped the power of 
the democratically elected National Assembly and other branches 
of the Government of Venezuela; rampant public corruption; and 
ongoing repression and persecution of, and violence toward, the 
political opposition.
    On March 19, 2018, I issued Executive Order 13827 to take 
additional steps, with respect to the national emergency 
declared in Executive Order 13692, to address actions taken by 
the Maduro regime to attempt to circumvent United States 
sanctions by issuing a digital currency in a process that 
Venezuela's democratically-elected National Assembly denounced 
as unlawful.
    On May 21, 2018, I issued Executive Order 13835 to take 
additional steps, with respect to the national emergency 
declared in Executive Order 13692, to address actions of the 
Maduro regime, including endemic economic mismanagement and 
public corruption at the expense of the Venezuelan people and 
their prosperity, and repression of the political opposition; 
attempts to undermine democratic order by holding snap 
elections that were neither free nor fair; and the deepening 
humanitarian and public health crisis in Venezuela.
    On November 1, 2018, I issued Executive Order 13850 to take 
additional steps, with respect to the national emergency 
declared in Executive Order 13692, to address actions by the 
Maduro regime and associated persons to plunder Venezuela's 
wealth for their own corrupt purposes; degrade Venezuela's 
infrastructure and natural environment through economic 
mismanagement and confiscatory mining and industrial practices; 
and catalyze a regional migration crisis by neglecting the 
basic needs of the Venezuelan people.
    On January 25, 2019, I issued Executive Order 13857 to take 
additional steps, with respect to the national emergency 
declared in Executive Order 13692, to address actions by 
persons affiliated with the illegitimate Maduro regime, 
including human rights violations and abuses in response to 
anti-Maduro protests; arbitrary arrest and detention of anti-
Maduro protestors; curtailment of press freedom; harassment of 
political opponents; and continued attempts to undermine the 
Interim President of Venezuela and undermine the National 
Assembly, the only legitimate branch of government duly elected 
by the Venezuelan people, and to prevent the Interim President 
and the National Assembly from exercising legitimate authority 
in Venezuela.
    On August 5, 2019, I issued Executive Order 13884 that 
imposed a full economic block on the Government of Venezuela, 
with respect to the national emergency declared in Executive 
Order 13692, for its continued human rights abuses, including 
the arbitrary or unlawful arrest and detention of Venezuelan 
citizens, interference with freedom of expression, including 
for members of the media, and ongoing attempts to undermine the 
Interim President of Venezuela and Venezuelan National 
Assembly's exercise of legitimate authority in Venezuela.
    The circumstances described in Executive Order 13692, and 
subsequent Executive Orders issued with respect to Venezuela, 
have not improved, and these circumstances in Venezuela 
continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the 
national security and foreign policy of the United States. 
Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of the National 
Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year 
the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13692.
    This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and 
transmitted to the Congress.
                                                   Donald J. Trump.
    The White House, March 5, 2020.

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