[House Document 113-97]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]



113th Congress, 2d Session - - - - - - - - - - - - - House Document 113-97

 
      CONTINUATION OF THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO IRAN

                               __________

                                MESSAGE

                                  from

                   THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

                              transmitting

     NOTIFICATION THAT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO IRAN 
ORIGINALLY DECLARED ON MARCH 15, 1995, IS TO CONTINUE IN EFFECT BEYOND 
                             MARCH 15, 2014




   March 13, 2014.--Message and accompanying papers referred to the 
         Committee on Foreign Affairs and ordered to be printed
To the Congress of the United States:
    Section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 
1622(d)) provides for the automatic termination of a national 
emergency unless, within 90 days prior to the anniversary date 
of its declaration, the President publishes in the Federal 
Register and transmits to the Congress a notice stating that 
the emergency is to continue in effect beyond the anniversary 
date. In accordance with this provision, I have sent to the 
Federal Register for publication the enclosed notice stating 
that the national emergency with respect to Iran that was 
declared on March 15, 1995, is to continue in effect beyond 
March 15, 2014.
    The crisis between the United States and Iran resulting 
from the actions and policies of the Government of Iran has not 
been resolved. The Joint Plan of Action (JPOA) between the P5+1 
and Iran went into effect on January 20, 2014, for a period of 
6 months. This marks the first time in a decade that Iran has 
agreed to and taken specific actions to halt its nuclear 
program and to roll it back in key respects. In return for 
Iran's actions on its nuclear program, the P5+1, in 
coordination with the European Union, are taking actions to 
implement the limited, temporary, and reversible sanctions 
relief outlined in the JPOA.
    Nevertheless, certain actions and policies of the 
Government of Iran are contrary to the interests of the United 
States in the region and continue to pose an unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, 
and economy of the United States. For these reasons, I have 
determined that it is necessary to continue the national 
emergency declared with respect to Iran and to maintain in 
force comprehensive sanctions against Iran to deal with this 
threat.

                                                      Barack Obama.
    The White House, March 12, 2014.
                                 Notice

                              ----------                              


      Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Iran

    On March 15, 1995, by Executive Order 12957, the President 
declared a national emergency with respect to Iran, pursuant to 
the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 
1701-1706), to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat 
to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the 
United States constituted by the actions and policies of the 
Government of Iran. On May 6, 1995, the President issued 
Executive Order 12959, imposing more comprehensive sanctions on 
Iran to further respond to this threat. On August 19, 1997, the 
President issued Executive Order 13059, consolidating and 
clarifying the previous orders. I took additional steps 
pursuant to this national emergency in Executive Order 13553 of 
September 28, 2010, Executive Order 13574 of May 23, 2011, 
Executive Order 13590 of November 20, 2011, Executive Order 
13599 of February 5, 2012, Executive Order 13606 of April 22, 
2012, Executive Order 13608 of May 1, 2012, Executive Order 
13622 of July 30, 2012, Executive Order 13628 of October 9, 
2012, and Executive Order 13645 of June 3, 2013.
    While the Joint Plan of Action (JPOA) between the P5+1 and 
Iran that went into effect on January 20, 2014, marks the first 
time in a decade that Iran has agreed to and taken specific 
actions to halt its nuclear program and roll it back in key 
respects, certain actions and policies of the Government of 
Iran continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to 
the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the 
United States. For this reason, the national emergency declared 
on March 15, 1995, must continue in effect beyond March 15, 
2014. Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing 
for 1 year the national emergency with respect to Iran declared 
in Executive Order 12957. The emergency declared by Executive 
Order 12957 constitutes an emergency separate from that 
declared on November 14, 1979, by Executive Order 12170. This 
renewal, therefore, is distinct from the emergency renewal of 
November 2013.
    This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and 
transmitted to the Congress.

                                                      Barack Obama.
    The White House, March 12, 2014.