[House Document 113-15]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]



113th Congress, 1st Session - - - - - - - - - - - - - House Document 113-15


 
      CONTINUATION OF THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO IRAN

                               __________

                                MESSAGE

                                  from

                   THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

                              transmitting

     NOTIFICATION THAT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO IRAN 
ORIGINALLY DECLARED ON MARCH 15, 1995, IS TO CONTINUE IN EFFECT BEYOND 
             MARCH 15, 2013, PURSUANT TO 50 U.S.C. 1622(d)




   March 12, 2013.--Message and accompanying papers referred to the 
         Committee on Foreign Affairs and ordered to be printed
To the Congress of the United States:
    Section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 
1622(d)) provides for the automatic termination of a national 
emergency unless, within 90 days prior to the anniversary date 
of its declaration, the President publishes in the Federal 
Register and transmits to the Congress a notice stating that 
the emergency is to continue in effect beyond the anniversary 
date. In accordance with this provision, I have sent to the 
Federal Register for publication the enclosed notice stating 
that the national emergency with respect to Iran that was 
declared on March 15, 1995, is to continue in effect beyond 
March 15, 2013.
    The crisis between the United States and Iran resulting 
from the actions and policies of the Government of Iran has not 
been resolved. The actions and policies of the Government of 
Iran are contrary to the interests of the United States in the 
region and continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat 
to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the 
United States. For these reasons, I have determined that it is 
necessary to continue the national emergency declared with 
respect to Iran and to maintain in force comprehensive 
sanctions against Iran to deal with this threat.

                                                      Barack Obama.
    The White House, March 12, 2013.
                                 Notice

                              ----------                              


      Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Iran

    On March 15, 1995, the President issued Executive Order 
12957, which declared a national emergency with respect to Iran 
and, pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers 
Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706), took related steps to deal with the 
unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, 
foreign policy, and economy of the United States constituted by 
the actions and policies of the Government of Iran. On May 6, 
1995, the President issued Executive Order 12959, imposing more 
comprehensive sanctions on Iran to further respond to this 
threat. On August 19, 1997, the President issued Executive 
Order 13059, consolidating and clarifying the previous orders. 
I took additional steps pursuant to this national emergency in 
Executive Order 13553 of September 28, 2010, Executive Order 
13574 of May 23, 2011, Executive Order 13590 of November 20, 
2011, Executive Order 13599 of February 5, 2012, Executive 
Order 13606 of April 22, 2012, Executive Order 13608 of May 1, 
2012, Executive Order 13622 of July 30, 2012, and Executive 
Order 13628 of October 9, 2012.
    The actions and policies of the Government of Iran continue 
to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national 
security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States. For 
this reason, the national emergency declared in Executive Order 
12957 must continue in effect beyond March 15, 2013. Therefore, 
in accordance with section 202(d) of the National Emergencies 
Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the 
national emergency with respect to Iran declared in Executive 
Order 12957. The emergency declared by Executive Order 12957 
constitutes an emergency separate from that declared on 
November 14, 1979, by Executive Order 12170. This renewal, 
therefore, is distinct from the emergency renewal of November 
2012.
    This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and 
transmitted to the Congress.

                                                      Barack Obama.
    The White House, March 12, 2013.