[House Document 112-26]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]





112th Congress, 1st Session - - - - - - - - - - House Document 112-26

 
      CONTINUATION OF THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO SYRIA

                               __________

                             COMMUNICATION

                                  from

                     THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

                              transmitting

    NOTIFICATION THAT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO SYRIA, 
 ORIGINALLY BY EXECUTIVE ORDER 13338, IS TO CONTINUE IN EFFECT BEYOND 
              MAY 11, 2011, PURSUANT TO 50 U.S.C. 1622(d)




May 23, 2011.--Referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and ordered 
                             to be printed
                                           The White House,
                                          Washington, May 18, 2011.
Hon. John Boehner,
Speaker of the House of Representatives,
Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Speaker: Pursuant to the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), I hereby 
report that I have issued an Executive Order (the ``order'') 
that takes additional steps with respect to the Government of 
Syria's continuous escalation of violence against the people of 
Syria--including through attacks on protestors, arrests and 
harassment of protestors and political activists, and 
repression of democratic change, overseen and executed by 
numerous elements of the Syrian government--and with respect to 
the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13338 of May 
11, 2004, relied upon for additional steps taken in Executive 
Order 13399 of April 25, 2006, and in Executive Order 13460 of 
February 13, 2008, and expanded in scope in Executive Order 
13572 of April 29, 2011.
    In Executive Order 13338, the President found that the 
actions of the Government of Syria constitute an unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, 
and economy of the United States and declared a national 
emergency to deal with that threat. To address that threat and 
to implement the Syria Accountability and Lebanese Sovereignty 
Restoration Act of 2003 (Public Law 108-175), the President in 
Executive Order 13338 blocked the property of certain persons 
and imposed additional prohibitions on certain transactions 
with respect to Syria. In Executive Order 13572, I expanded the 
scope of that national emergency and imposed additional 
sanctions.
    The order blocks the property and interests in property of 
persons listed in the Annex to the order. The order also 
provides criteria for designations, and the resulting blocking 
of the property and interests in property, of persons 
determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation 
with the Secretary of State:
           to be a senior official of the Government of 
        Syria;
           to be an agency or instrumentality of the 
        Government of Syria, or owned or controlled, directly 
        or indirectly, by the Government of Syria or by an 
        official or officials of the Government of Syria;
           to have materially assisted, sponsored, or 
        provided financial, material, or technological support 
        for, or goods or services in support of, any person 
        whose property and interests in property are blocked 
        pursuant to the order; or
           to be owned or controlled by, or to have 
        acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly 
        or indirectly, any person whose property and interests 
        in property are blocked pursuant to the order.
    I have delegated to the Secretary of the Treasury the 
authority, in consultation with the Secretary of State, to take 
such actions, including the promulgation of rules and 
regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President 
by IEEPA, as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of the 
order. I have also delegated to the Secretary of the Treasury, 
in consultation with the Secretary of State, the authority to 
determine that circumstances no longer warrant the blocking of 
the property and interests in property of a person listed in 
the Annex to the order, and to take necessary action to give 
effect to that determination.
    The order was effective at 1:00 p.m. eastern daylight time 
on May 18, 2011. All executive agencies of the United States 
Government are directed to take all appropriate measures within 
their authority to carry out the provisions of the order.
    I am enclosing a copy of the Executive Order I have issued.
            Sincerely,
                                                      Barack Obama.
                            Executive Order

                              ----------                              


    Blocking Property of Senior Officials of the Government of Syria

    By the authority vested in me as President by the 
Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, 
including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 
U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), and section 301 of title 3, United States 
Code,
    I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, 
in order to take additional steps with respect to the 
Government of Syria's continuing escalation of violence against 
the people of Syria--including through attacks on protestors, 
arrests and harassment of protestors and political activists, 
and repression of democratic change, overseen and executed by 
numerous elements of the Syrian government--and with respect to 
the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13338 of May 
11, 2004, relied upon for additional steps taken in Executive 
Order 13399 of April 25, 2006, and in Executive Order 13460 of 
February 13, 2008, and expanded in scope in Executive Order 
13572 of April 29, 2011, hereby order:
    Section 1. All property and interests in property that are 
in the United States, that hereafter come within the United 
States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or 
control of any United States person, including any overseas 
branch, of the following persons are blocked and may not be 
transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in:
    (a) the persons listed in the Annex to this order; and
    (b) any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, 
in consultation with the Secretary of State:
          (i) to be a senior official of the Government of 
        Syria;
          (ii) to be an agency or instrumentality of the 
        Government of Syria, or owned or controlled, directly 
        or indirectly, by the Government of Syria or by an 
        official or officials of the Government of Syria;
          (iii) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or 
        provided financial, material, or technological support 
        for, or goods or services in support of, any person 
        whose property and interests in property are blocked 
        pursuant to this order; or
          (iv) to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted 
        or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or 
        indirectly, any person whose property and interests in 
        property are blocked pursuant to this order.
    Sec. 2. I hereby determine that the making of donations of 
the type of articles specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA 
(50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, or for the benefit of any person 
whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant 
to section 1 of this order would seriously impair my ability to 
deal with the national emergency declared in Executive Order 
13338 and expanded in scope in Executive Order 13572, and I 
hereby prohibit such donations as provided by section 1 of this 
order.
    Sec. 3. The prohibitions in section 1 of this order include 
but are not limited to:
    (a) the making of any contribution or provision of funds, 
goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person 
whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant 
to this order; and
    (b) the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, 
goods, or services from any such person.
    Sec. 4. The prohibitions in section 1 of this order apply 
except to the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, 
orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to 
this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or 
any license or permit granted prior to the effective date of 
this order.
    Sec. 5. (a) Any transaction by a United States person or 
within the United States that evades or avoids, has the purpose 
of evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or attempts to 
violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is 
prohibited.
    (b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the 
prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.
    Sec. 6. For the purposes of this order:
    (a) the term ``person'' means an individual or entity;
    (b) the term ``entity'' means a partnership, association, 
trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other 
organization;
    (c) the term ``United States person'' means any United 
States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized 
under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within 
the United States (including foreign branches), or any person 
in the United States; and
    (d) the term ``Government of Syria'' means the Government 
of the Syrian Arab Republic, its agencies, instrumentalities, 
and controlled entities.
    Sec. 7. For those persons whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to this order who might have a 
constitutional presence in the United States, I find that 
because of the ability to transfer funds or other assets 
instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of measures to be 
taken pursuant to this order would render those measures 
ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these measures to 
be effective in addressing the national emergency declared in 
ExecutiveOrder 13572, there need be no prior notice of a 
listing or determination made pursuant to section 1 of this order.
    Sec. 8. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with 
the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such 
actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations, 
and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA as 
may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this order. The 
Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any of these functions 
to other officers and agencies of the United States Government 
consistent with applicable law. All agencies of the United 
States Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate 
measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of 
this order.
    Sec. 9. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with 
the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to determine that 
circumstances no longer warrant the blocking of the property 
and interests in property of a person listed in the Annex to 
this order, and to take necessary action to give effect to that 
determination.
    Sec. 10. This order is not intended to, and does not, 
create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, 
enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United 
States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, 
employees, or agents, or any other person.
    Sec. 11. This order is effective at 1:00 p.m. eastern 
daylight time on May 18, 2011.

                                                      Barack Obama.
    The White House, May 18, 2011.

                                 ANNEX

Individuals

    1. Bashar AL-ASSAD [President of the Syrian Arab Republic, 
born September 11, 1965]
    2. Farouk AL-SHARA [Vice President, born 1938]
    3. Adel SAFAR [Prime Minister, born 1953]
    4. Mohammad Ibrahim AL-SHAAR [Minister of the Interior, 
born 1950]
    5. Ali Habib MAHMOUD [Minister of Defense, born 1939]
    6. Abdul Fatah QUDSIYA [Head of Syrian Military 
Intelligence, born circa 1950]
    7. Mohammed Dib ZAITOUN [Director of Political Security 
Directorate, born circa 1952]