[House Document 111-22]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



                                     

111th Congress, 1st Session - - - - - - - - - - - - - House Document 111-22


 
                 CONTINUATION OF THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY
                        WITH RESPECT TO ZIMBABWE

                               __________

                                MESSAGE

                                  from

                     THEPRESIDENTOFTHEUNITEDSTATES

                              transmitting

 NOTIFICATION THAT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO THE ACTIONS 
AND POLICIES OF CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE GOVERNMENT OF ZIMBABWE AND OTHER 
PERSONS TO UNDERMINE ZIMBABWE'S DEMOCRATIC PROCESSES OR INSTITUTIONS IS 
   TO CONTINUE IN EFFECT BEYOND MARCH 6, 2009, PURSUANT TO 50 U.S.C. 
                                1622(d)




    March 4, 2009.--Message and accompanying papers referred to the 
         Committee on Foreign Affairs and ordered to be printed
To the Congress of the United States:
    Section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 
1622(d)) provides for the automatic termination of a national 
emergency unless, prior to the anniversary date of its 
declaration, the President publishes in the Federal Register 
and transmits to the Congress a notice stating that the 
emergency is to continue in effect beyond the anniversary date. 
In accordance with this provision, I have sent the enclosed 
notice to the Federal Register for publication, stating that 
the national emergency with respect to the actions and policies 
of certain members of the Government of Zimbabwe and other 
persons to undermine Zimbabwe's democratic processes or 
institutions is to continue in effect beyond March 6, 2009.
    This crisis constituted by the actions and policies of 
certain members of the Government of Zimbabwe and other persons 
to undermine Zimbabwe's democratic processes or institutions 
has not been resolved. These actions and policies pose a 
continuing unusual and extraordinary threat to the foreign 
policy of the United States. For these reasons, I have 
determined that it is necessary to continue this national 
emergency and to maintain in force the sanctions to respond to 
this threat.

                                                      Barack Obama.
    The White House, March 3, 2009.
                                 Notice

                              ----------                              


    Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Zimbabwe

    On March 6, 2003, by Executive Order 13288, the President 
declared a national emergency and blocked the property of 
persons undermining democratic processes or institutions in 
Zimbabwe, pursuant to the International Emergency Economic 
Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706). He took this action to deal 
with the unusual and extraordinary threat to the foreign policy 
of the United States constituted by the actions and policies of 
certain members of the Government of Zimbabwe and other persons 
to undermine Zimbabwe's democratic processes or institutions. 
These actions have contributed to the deliberate breakdown in 
the rule of law in Zimbabwe, to politically motivated violence 
and intimidation, and to political and economic instability in 
the southern African region.
    On November 22, 2005, the President issued Executive Order 
13391 to take additional steps with respect to the national 
emergency declared in Executive Order 13288 by ordering the 
blocking of the property of additional persons undermining 
democratic processes or institutions in Zimbabwe.
    On July 25, 2008, the President issued Executive Order 
13469, which expanded the scope of the national emergency 
declared in Executive Order 13288 and ordered the blocking of 
the property of additional persons undermining democratic 
processes or institutions in Zimbabwe.
    Because the actions and policies of these persons continue 
to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the foreign 
policy of the United States, the national emergency declared on 
March 6, 2003, and the measures adopted on that date, on 
November 22, 2005, and on July 25, 2008, to deal with that 
emergency, must continue in effect beyond March 6, 2009. 
Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of the National 
Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year 
the national emergency with respect to the actions and policies 
of certain members of the Government of Zimbabwe and other 
persons to undermine Zimbabwe's democratic processes or 
institutions.
    This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and 
transmitted to the Congress.

                                                      Barack Obama.
    The White House, March 3, 2009.