[House Document 110-113]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



                                     

110th Congress, 2d Session - - - - - - - - - - - - House Document 110-113

 
      CONTINUATION OF THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO BURMA

                               __________

                                MESSAGE

                                  from

                     THEPRESIDENTOFTHEUNITEDSTATES

                              transmitting

NOTIFICATION THAT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY DECLARED WITH RESPECT TO BURMA 
   IS TO CONTINUE BEYOND MAY 20, 2008, PURSUANT TO 50 U.S.C. 1622(d)




    May 19, 2008.--Message and accompanying papers referred to the 
         Committee on Foreign Affairs and ordered to be printed
To the Congress of the United States:
    Section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 
1622(d)) provides for the automatic termination of a national 
emergency unless, prior to the anniversary date of its 
declaration, the President publishes in the Federal Register 
and transmits to the Congress a notice stating that the 
emergency is to continue in effect beyond the anniversary date. 
I have sent the enclosed notice to the Federal Register for 
publication, stating that the Burma emergency is to continue 
beyond May 20, 2008.
    The crisis between the United States and Burma arising from 
the actions and policies of the Government of Burma, including 
its engaging in large-scale repression of the democratic 
opposition in Burma, that led to the declaration of a national 
emergency on May 20, 1997, and its expansion on October 18, 
2007, and April 30, 2008, has not been resolved. These actions 
and policies are hostile to U.S. interests and pose a 
continuing unusual and extraordinary threat to the national 
security and foreign policy of the United States. For this 
reason, I have determined that it is necessary to continue the 
national emergency with respect to Burma and maintain in force 
the sanctions against Burma to respond to this threat. This 
action does not inhibit any efforts on the part of the United 
States to provide humanitarian assistance to the people of 
Burma in the aftermath of Cyclone Nargis.

                                                    George W. Bush.
    The White House, May 16, 2008.
                                 Notice

                              ----------                              


      Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Burma

    On May 20, 1997, the President issued Executive Order 
13047, certifying to the Congress under section 570(b) of the 
Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 1997 (Public Law 104-208), that the 
Government of Burma has engaged in large-scale repression of 
the democratic opposition in Burma after September 30, 1996, 
thereby invoking the prohibition on new investment in Burma by 
United States persons contained in that section. The President 
also declared a national emergency to deal with the threat 
posed to the national security and foreign policy of the United 
States by the actions and policies of the Government of Burma, 
invoking the authority, inter alia, of the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act, 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.
    On July 28, 2003, I issued Executive Order 13310 taking 
additional steps with respect to that national emergency by 
putting in place an import ban required by the Burmese Freedom 
and Democracy Act of 2003 and prohibiting exports of financial 
services to Burma and the dealing in property in which certain 
designated Burmese persons have an interest. On October 18, 
2007, I issued Executive Order 13448 to expand prohibitions to 
include the Burmese regime's financial supporters and their 
companies, as well as individuals determined to be responsible 
for or to have participated in human rights abuses or to have 
engaged in activities facilitating public corruption. On April 
30, 2008, I issued Executive Order 13464 taking additional 
steps with respect to the Government of Burma's continued 
repression of the democratic opposition in Burma.
    Because the actions and policies of the Government of Burma 
continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the 
national security and foreign policy of the United States, the 
national emergency declared on May 20, 1997, and expanded on 
October 18, 2007, and April 30, 2008, and the measures adopted 
to deal with that emergency, must continue in effect beyond May 
20, 2008. Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing 
for 1 year the national emergency with respect to Burma. This 
notice shall be published in the Federal Register and 
transmitted to the Congress.

                                                    George W. Bush.
    The White House, May 16, 2008.