[House Document 110-101]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]



110th Congress, 2d Session - - - - - - - - - - - - House Document 110-101


 
                 CONTINUATION OF THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY

                          WITH RESPECT TO IRAN

                               __________

                                MESSAGE

                                  from

                     THEPRESIDENTOFTHEUNITEDSTATES

                              transmitting

 NOTIFICATION THAT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY WITH RESPECT TO THE ACTIONS 
AND POLICIES OF THE GOVERNMENT OF IRAN IS TO CONTINUE IN EFFECT BEYOND 
             MARCH 15, 2008, PURSUANT TO 50 U.S.C. 1622(d)




   March 13, 2008.--Message and accompanying papers referred to the 
         Committee on Foreign Affairs and ordered to be printed
To the Congress of the United States:
    The crisis between the United States and Iran constituted 
by the actions and policies of the Government of Iran that led 
to the declaration of a national emergency on March 15, 1995, 
has not been resolved. The actions and policies of the 
Government of Iran are contrary to the interests of the United 
States in the region and pose a continuing unusual and 
extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, 
and economy of the United States. Iran remains the world's most 
active state sponsor of terrorism, and continues to provide 
lethal support to Lebanese Hizballah, HAMAS, Palestinian 
Islamic Jihad and numerous other terrorist organizations in the 
region, as well as to the Taliban in Afghanistan and various 
Iraqi militant groups. For these reasons, I have determined 
that it is necessary to continue the national emergency 
declared with respect to Iran and maintain in force 
comprehensive sanctions against Iran to respond to this threat.
    Section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 
1622(d)) provides for the automatic termination of a national 
emergency unless, prior to the anniversary date of its 
declaration, the President publishes in the Federal Register 
and transmits to the Congress a notice stating that the 
emergency is to continue in effect beyond the anniversary date. 
In accordance with this provision, I have sent the enclosed 
notice to the Federal Register for publication, stating that 
the Iran emergency declared on March 15, 1995, is to continue 
in effect beyond March 15, 2008.

                                                    George W. Bush.
    The White House, March 11, 2008.
                                 Notice

      Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Iran

    On March 15, 1995, by Executive Order 12957, the President 
declared a national emergency with respect to Iran pursuant to 
the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 
1701-706) to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat to 
the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the 
United States constituted by the actions and policies of the 
Government of Iran. On May 6, 1995, the President issued 
Executive Order 12959 imposing more comprehensive sanctions to 
further respond to this threat, and on August 19, 1997, the 
President issued Executive Order 13059 consolidating and 
clarifying the previous orders.
    Because the actions and policies of the Government of Iran 
continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the 
national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United 
States, the national emergency declared an March 15, 1995, must 
continue in effect beyond March 15, 2008. Therefore, in 
accordance with section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act 
(50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the national 
emergency with respect to Iran. Because the emergency declared 
by Executive Order 12957 constitutes an emergency separate from 
that declared on November 14, 1979, by Executive Order 12170, 
this renewal is distinct from the emergency renewal of November 
2007. This notice shall be published in the Federal Register 
and transmitted to the Congress.

                                                    George W. Bush.
    The White House, March 11, 2008.