[Congressional Bills 117th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[S. 1605 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        S.1605

                    One Hundred Seventeenth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE FIRST SESSION

           Begun and held at the City of Washington on Sunday,
          the third day of January, two thousand and twenty one


                                 An Act


 
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2022 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
         strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2022''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into six divisions as 
follows:
        (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
        (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
        (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
    Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
        (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
        (5) Division E--Department of State Authorization
        (6) Division F--Other Non-Department of Defense Matters.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:
Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.
Sec. 5. Explanatory statement.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Modification of deployment by the Army of interim cruise 
          missile defense capability.
Sec. 112. Multiyear procurement authority for AH-64E Apache helicopters.
Sec. 113. Multiyear procurement authority for UH-60M and HH-60M Black 
          Hawk helicopters.
Sec. 114. Continuation of Soldier Enhancement Program.
Sec. 115. Limitation on availability of funds pending report on the 
          Integrated Visual Augmentation System.
Sec. 116. Strategy and authority for the procurement of components for 
          the next generation squad weapon.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Extension of procurement authority for certain amphibious 
          shipbuilding programs.
Sec. 122. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
          port waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 123. Extension of report on Littoral Combat Ship mission packages.
Sec. 124. Incorporation of advanced degaussing systems into Arleigh 
          Burke class destroyers.
Sec. 125. Report on the potential benefits of a multiyear contract for 
          the procurement of Flight III Arleigh Burke class destroyers.
Sec. 126. Acquisition, modernization, and sustainment plan for carrier 
          air wings.
Sec. 127. Report on material readiness of Virginia class submarines of 
          the Navy.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Extension of inventory requirement for Air Force fighter 
          aircraft.
Sec. 132. Contract for logistics support for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 133. Prohibition on certain reductions to B-1 bomber aircraft 
          squadrons.
Sec. 134. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 135. Limitation on availability of funds for the B-52 Commercial 
          Engine Replacement Program.
Sec. 136. Limitation on availability of funds pending information on 
          bridge tanker aircraft.
Sec. 137. Inventory requirements and limitations relating to certain air 
          refueling tanker aircraft.
Sec. 138. Minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft.
Sec. 139. Report relating to reduction of total number of tactical 
          airlift aircraft.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. Implementation of affordability, operational, and sustainment 
          cost constraints for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 142. Transfer of F-35 program responsibilities from the F-35 Joint 
          Program Office to the Department of the Air Force and the 
          Department of the Navy.
Sec. 143. Limitation on availability of funds for air-based and space-
          based ground moving target indicator capabilities.
Sec. 144. Limitation on availability of funds for procurement of 
          aircraft systems for the armed overwatch program.
Sec. 145. Analysis of certain radar investment options.
Sec. 146. Review and briefing on fielded major weapon systems.
Sec. 147. Reports on exercise of waiver authority with respect to 
          certain aircraft ejection seats.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Codification of National Defense Science and Technology 
          Strategy.
Sec. 212. Codification of direct hire authority at personnel 
          demonstration laboratories for advanced degree holders.
Sec. 213. Duties and regional activities of the Defense Innovation Unit.
Sec. 214. Codification of requirement for Defense Established Program to 
          Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 215. Codification of authorities relating to Department of Defense 
          science and technology reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 216. Improvements relating to steering committee on emerging 
          technology and national security threats.
Sec. 217. Improvements relating to national network for microelectronics 
          research and development.
Sec. 218. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical 
          talent and expertise at academic institutions to support 
          Department of Defense missions.
Sec. 219. Technical correction to pilot program for the enhancement of 
          the research, development, test, and evaluation centers of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 220. Defense research and engineering activities at minority 
          institutions.
Sec. 221. Test program for engineering plant of DDG(X) destroyer 
          vessels.
Sec. 222. Consortium to study irregular warfare.
Sec. 223. Development and implementation of digital technologies for 
          survivability and lethality testing.
Sec. 224. Assessment and correction of deficiencies in the pilot 
          breathing systems of tactical fighter aircraft.
Sec. 225. Identification of the hypersonics facilities and capabilities 
          of the Major Range and Test Facility Base.
Sec. 226. Review of artificial intelligence applications and 
          establishment of performance metrics.
Sec. 227. Modification of the joint common foundation program.
Sec. 228. Executive education on emerging technologies for senior 
          civilian and military leaders.
Sec. 229. Activities to accelerate development and deployment of dual-
          use quantum technologies.
Sec. 230. National Guard participation in microreactor testing and 
          evaluation.
Sec. 231. Pilot program on the use of private sector partnerships to 
          promote technology transition.
Sec. 232. Pilot program on data repositories to facilitate the 
          development of artificial intelligence capabilities for the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 233. Pilot programs for deployment of telecommunications 
          infrastructure to facilitate 5G deployment on military 
          installations.
Sec. 234. Limitation on development of prototypes for the Optionally 
          Manned Fighting Vehicle pending requirements analysis.
Sec. 235. Limitation on transfer of certain operational flight test 
          events and reductions in operational flight test capacity.
Sec. 236. Limitation on availability of funds for certain C-130 
          aircraft.
Sec. 237. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft 
          program pending submission of documentation.
Sec. 238. Limitation on availability of funds for the High Accuracy 
          Detection and Exploitation System.

              Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 241. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational 
          Test and Evaluation.
Sec. 242. Adaptive engine transition program acquisition strategy for 
          the F-35A aircraft.
Sec. 243. Acquisition strategy for an advanced propulsion system for F-
          35B and F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 244. Assessment of the development and test enterprise of the Air 
          Force Research Laboratory.
Sec. 245. Study on efficient use of Department of Defense test and 
          evaluation organizations, facilities, and laboratories.
Sec. 246. Report on autonomy integration in major weapon systems.
Sec. 247. Reports and briefings on recommendations of the National 
          Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence regarding the 
          Department of Defense.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Inclusion of impacts on military installation resilience in 
          the National Defense Strategy and associated documents.
Sec. 312. Energy efficiency targets for Department of Defense data 
          centers.
Sec. 313. Grants for maintaining or improving military installation 
          resilience.
Sec. 314. Maintenance of current analytical tools in evaluating energy 
          resilience measures.
Sec. 315. Authority to transfer amounts derived from energy cost 
          savings.
Sec. 316. Exemption from prohibition on use of open-air burn pits in 
          contingency operations outside the United States.
Sec. 317. Expansion of purposes of Sentinel Landscapes Partnership 
          program to include resilience.
Sec. 318. Inspection of piping and support infrastructure at Red Hill 
          Bulk Fuel Storage Facility, Hawai`i.
Sec. 319. Energy, water, and waste net-zero requirement for major 
          military installations.
Sec. 320. Demonstration program on domestic production of rare earth 
          elements from coal byproducts.
Sec. 321. Long-duration demonstration initiative and joint program.
Sec. 322. Pilot program to test new software to track emissions at 
          certain military installations.
Sec. 323. Department of Defense plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

            Subtitle C--National Security Climate Resilience

Sec. 331. Definitions.
Sec. 332. Climate Resilience Infrastructure Initiative of the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 333. Inclusion of information regarding extreme weather and cyber 
          attacks or disruptions in reports on national technology and 
          industrial base.
Sec. 334. Climate resilience in planning, engagement strategies, 
          infrastructure, and force development of Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 335. Assessment of climate risks to infrastructure of Department of 
          Defense.

 Subtitle D--Treatment of Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
                               Substances

Sec. 341. Treatment by Department of Defense of perfluoroalkyl 
          substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 342. Extension of transfer authority for funding of study and 
          assessment on health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
          substances contamination in drinking water by Agency for Toxic 
          Substances and Disease Registry.
Sec. 343. Temporary moratorium on incineration by Department of Defense 
          of perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, and 
          aqueous film forming foam.
Sec. 344. Review and guidance relating to prevention and mitigation of 
          spills of aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 345. Public disclosure of results of Department of Defense testing 
          of water for perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 346. Review of agreements with non-Department entities with respect 
          to prevention and mitigation of spills of aqueous film-forming 
          foam.
Sec. 347. Comptroller General study on Department of Defense procurement 
          of certain items containing certain PFAS substances.
Sec. 348. Report on schedule for completion of remediation of 
          perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 349. Report on remediation of perfluoroalkyl substances and 
          polyfluoroalkyl substances at certain military installations.

                  Subtitle E--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 351. Mitigation of contested logistics challenges of the Department 
          of Defense through reduction of operational energy demand.
Sec. 352. Global bulk fuel management and delivery.
Sec. 353. Test and evaluation of potential biobased solution for 
          corrosion control and mitigation.
Sec. 354. Pilot program on digital optimization of organic industrial 
          base maintenance and repair operations.
Sec. 355. Improved oversight for implementation of Shipyard 
          Infrastructure Optimization Program of the Navy.
Sec. 356. Report and certification requirements regarding sustainment 
          costs for fighter aircraft programs.
Sec. 357. Comptroller General annual reviews of F-35 sustainment 
          efforts.

                           Subtitle F--Reports

Sec. 361. Inclusion of information regarding borrowed military manpower 
          in readiness reports.
Sec. 362. Annual report on material readiness of Navy ships.
Sec. 363. Incident reporting requirements for Department of Defense 
          regarding lost or stolen weapons.
Sec. 364. Strategy and annual report on critical language proficiency of 
          special operations forces.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse 
          matters.
Sec. 372. Establishment of Joint Safety Council.
Sec. 373. Improvements and clarifications related to military working 
          dogs.
Sec. 374. Extension of temporary authority to extend contracts and 
          leases under the ARMS Initiative.
Sec. 375. Authority to maintain access to category 3 subterranean 
          training facility.
Sec. 376. Accident Investigation Review Board.
Sec. 377. Implementation of Comptroller General recommendations on 
          preventing tactical vehicle training accidents.
Sec. 378. Requirements relating to emissions control tactics, 
          techniques, and procedures.
Sec. 379. Management of fatigue among crew of naval surface ships and 
          related improvements.
Sec. 380. Authority for activities to improve next generation radar 
          systems capabilities.
Sec. 381. Pilot program on military working dog and explosives detection 
          canine health and excellence.
Sec. 382. Department of Defense response to military lazing incidents.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.
Sec. 403. Additional authority to vary Space Force end strength.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Accounting of reserve component members performing active duty 
          or full-time National Guard duty towards authorized end 
          strengths.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A-- Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Authority with respect to authorized strengths for general and 
          flag officers within the Armed Forces for emerging 
          requirements.
Sec. 502. Time in grade requirements.
Sec. 503. Authority to vary number of Space Force officers considered 
          for promotion to major general.
Sec. 504. Seaman to Admiral-21 program: credit towards retirement.
Sec. 505. Independent assessment of retention of female surface warfare 
          officers.
Sec. 506. Reports on Air Force personnel performing duties of a Nuclear 
          and Missile Operations Officer (13N).

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Modification of grant program supporting science, technology, 
          engineering, and math education in the Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps to include quantum information 
          sciences.
Sec. 512. Prohibition on private funding for interstate deployment of 
          National Guard.
Sec. 513. Access to Tour of Duty system.
Sec. 514. Implementation of certain recommendations regarding use of 
          unmanned aircraft systems by the National Guard.
Sec. 515. Continued National Guard support for FireGuard program.
Sec. 516. Enhancement of National Guard Youth Challenge Program.
Sec. 517. Report on methods to enhance support from the reserve 
          components in response to catastrophic incidents.
Sec. 518. Study on reapportionment of National Guard force structure 
          based on domestic responses.
Sec. 519. Briefing on Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program.

      Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Military Records

Sec. 521. Reduction in service commitment required for participation in 
          career intermission program of a military department.
Sec. 522. Improvements to military accessions in Armed Forces under the 
          jurisdiction of the Secretaries of the military departments.
Sec. 523. Notice program relating to options for naturalization.
Sec. 524. Appeals to Physical Evaluation Board determinations of fitness 
          for duty.
Sec. 525. Command oversight of military privatized housing as element of 
          performance evaluations.
Sec. 526. Feasibility study on establishment of housing history for 
          members of the Armed Forces who reside in housing provided by 
          the United States.
Sec. 527. Enhancements to national mobilization exercises.
Sec. 528. Temporary exemption from end strength grade restrictions for 
          the Space Force.
Sec. 529. Report on exemptions and deferments for a possible military 
          draft.
Sec. 529A. Report on processes and procedures for appeal of denial of 
          status or benefits for failure to register for Selective 
          Service.
Sec. 529B. Study and report on administrative separation boards.

                   Subtitle D--Military Justice Reform

                      Part 1--Special Trial Counsel

Sec. 531. Special trial counsel.
Sec. 532. Policies with respect to special trial counsel.
Sec. 533. Definition of military magistrate, covered offense, and 
          special trial counsel.
Sec. 534. Clarification relating to who may convene courts-martial.
Sec. 535. Detail of trial counsel.
Sec. 536. Preliminary hearing.
Sec. 537. Advice to convening authority before referral for trial.
Sec. 538. Former jeopardy.
Sec. 539. Plea agreements.
Sec. 539A. Determinations of impracticability of rehearing.
Sec. 539B. Applicability to the United States Coast Guard.
Sec. 539C. Effective date.

              Part 2--Sexual Harassment; Sentencing Reform

Sec. 539D. Inclusion of sexual harassment as general punitive article.
Sec. 539E. Sentencing reform.

                    Part 3--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 539F. Briefing and report on resourcing required for 
          implementation.
Sec. 539G. Briefing on implementation of certain recommendations of the 
          Independent Review Commission on Sexual Assault in the 
          Military.

          Subtitle E--Other Military Justice and Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Rights of the victim of an offense under the Uniform Code of 
          Military Justice.
Sec. 542. Conduct unbecoming an officer.
Sec. 543. Independent investigation of complaints of sexual harassment.
Sec. 544. Department of Defense tracking of allegations of retaliation 
          by victims of sexual assault or sexual harassment and related 
          persons.
Sec. 545. Modification of notice to victims of pendency of further 
          administrative action following a determination not to refer 
          to trial by court-martial.
Sec. 546. Civilian positions to support Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 547. Plans for uniform document management system, tracking 
          pretrial information, and assessing changes in law.
Sec. 548. Determination and reporting of members missing, absent 
          unknown, absent without leave, and duty status-whereabouts 
          unknown.
Sec. 549. Activities to improve family violence prevention and response.
Sec. 549A. Annual primary prevention research agenda.
Sec. 549B. Primary prevention workforce.
Sec. 549C. Reform and improvement of military criminal investigative 
          organizations.
Sec. 549D. Military defense counsel.
Sec. 549E. Full functionality of Military Justice Review Panel.
Sec. 549F. Military service independent racial disparity review.
Sec. 549G. Inclusion of race and ethnicity in annual reports on sexual 
          assaults; reporting on racial and ethnic demographics in the 
          military justice system.
Sec. 549H. DoD Safe Helpline authorization to perform intake of official 
          restricted and unrestricted reports for eligible adult sexual 
          assault victims.
Sec. 549I. Extension of annual report regarding sexual assaults 
          involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 549J. Study and report on Sexual Assault Response Coordinator 
          military occupational specialty.
Sec. 549K. Amendments to additional Deputy Inspector General of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 549L. Improved Department of Defense prevention of, and response 
          to, bullying in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 549M. Recommendations on separate punitive article in the Uniform 
          Code of Military Justice on violent extremism.
Sec. 549N. Combating foreign malign influence.

         Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, and Transition

Sec. 551. Troops-to-Teachers Program.
Sec. 552. Codification of human relations training for certain members 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 553. Allocation of authority for nominations to the military 
          service academies in the event of the death, resignation, or 
          expulsion from office of a Member of Congress.
Sec. 554. Authority of President to appoint successors to members of 
          Board of Visitors of military academies whose terms have 
          expired.
Sec. 555. Meetings of the Board of Visitors of a military service 
          academy: votes required to call; held in person or remotely.
Sec. 556. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.
Sec. 557. United States Naval Community College.
Sec. 558. Codification of establishment of United States Air Force 
          Institute of Technology.
Sec. 559. Concurrent use of Department of Defense Tuition Assistance and 
          Montgomery GI Bill-Selected Reserve benefits.
Sec. 559A. Regulations on certain parental guardianship rights of cadets 
          and midshipmen.
Sec. 559B. Defense language continuing education program.
Sec. 559C. Prohibition on implementation by United States Air Force 
          Academy of civilian faculty tenure system.
Sec. 559D. Professional military education: report; definition.
Sec. 559E. Report on training and education of members of the Armed 
          Forces regarding social reform and unhealthy behaviors.
Sec. 559F. Report on status of Army Tuition Assistance Program Army 
          IgnitED program.
Sec. 559G. Briefing on cadets and midshipmen with speech disorders.

     Subtitle G--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 561. Expansion of support programs for special operations forces 
          personnel and immediate family members.
Sec. 562. Improvements to the Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 563. Certain assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
          dependents of military and civilian personnel.
Sec. 564. Pilot program to establish employment fellowship opportunities 
          for military spouses.
Sec. 565. Policy regarding remote military installations.
Sec. 566. Implementation of GAO recommendation on improved communication 
          of best practices to engage military spouses with career 
          assistance resources.
Sec. 567. Study on employment of military spouses.
Sec. 568. Briefing on efforts of commanders of military installations to 
          connect military families with local entities that provide 
          services to military families.
Sec. 569. Briefing on process to certify reporting of eligible federally 
          connected children for purposes of Federal impact aid 
          programs.
Sec. 569A. Briefing on legal services for families enrolled in the 
          Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 569B. GAO review of Preservation of the Force and Family Program of 
          United States Special Operations Command: briefing; report.

                   Subtitle H--Diversity and Inclusion

Sec. 571. Reduction of gender-related inequities in costs of uniforms to 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 572. Study on number of members of the Armed Forces who identify as 
          Hispanic or Latino.
Sec. 573. Inclusion of military service academies, Officer Candidate and 
          Training Schools, and the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
          Corps data in diversity and inclusion reporting.
Sec. 574. Extension of deadline for GAO report on equal opportunity at 
          the military service academies.

  Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards, Miscellaneous Reports, and Other 
                                 Matters

Sec. 581. Modified deadline for establishment of special purpose adjunct 
          to Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery test.
Sec. 582. Authorizations for certain awards.
Sec. 583. Establishment of the Atomic Veterans Commemorative Service 
          Medal.
Sec. 584. Updates and preservation of memorials to chaplains at 
          Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 585. Reports on security force personnel performing protection 
          level one duties.
Sec. 586. GAO study on tattoo policies of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 587. Briefing regarding best practices for community engagement in 
          Hawaii.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Basic needs allowance for members on active service in the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 602. Equal incentive pay for members of the reserve components of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 603. Expansions of certain travel and transportation authorities.
Sec. 604. Repeal of expiring travel and transportation authorities.
Sec. 605. Requirements in connection with suspension of retired pay and 
          retirement annuities.
Sec. 606. Report on relationship between basic allowance for housing and 
          sizes of military families.
Sec. 607. Report on certain moving expenses for members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 608. Report on temporary lodging expenses in competitive housing 
          markets.
Sec. 609. Report on rental partnership programs.

                  Subtitle B--Bonus and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
          authorities.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Extension of paid parental leave.
Sec. 622. Bereavement leave for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 623. Travel and transportation allowances for family members to 
          attend the funeral and memorial services of members.
Sec. 624. Expansion of pilot program to provide financial assistance to 
          members of the Armed Forces for in-home child care.
Sec. 625. Pilot program on direct hire authority for spouses of members 
          of the uniformed services at locations outside the United 
          States.
Sec. 626. Casualty assistance program: reform; establishment of working 
          group.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Additional sources of funds available for construction, 
          repair, improvement, and maintenance of commissary stores.

              Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits

Sec. 641. Alexander Lofgren Veterans in Parks program.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Eating disorders treatment for certain members of the Armed 
          Forces and dependents.
Sec. 702. Addition of preconception and prenatal carrier screening 
          coverage as benefits under TRICARE program.
Sec. 703. Revisions to TRICARE provider networks.
Sec. 704. Self-initiated referral process for mental health evaluations 
          of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 705. Modifications to pilot program on health care assistance 
          system.
Sec. 706. Modification of pilot program on receipt of non-generic 
          prescription maintenance medications under TRICARE pharmacy 
          benefits program.
Sec. 707. Improvement of postpartum care for members of the Armed Forces 
          and dependents.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of certain Defense Health Agency organization 
          requirements.
Sec. 712. Requirement for consultations relating to military medical 
          research and Defense Health Agency Research and Development.
Sec. 713. Authorization of program to prevent fraud and abuse in the 
          military health system.
Sec. 714. Authority of Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Veterans 
          Affairs to enter into agreements for planning, design, and 
          construction of facilities to be operated as shared medical 
          facilities.
Sec. 715. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund.
Sec. 716. Establishment of Department of Defense system to track and 
          record information on vaccine administration.
Sec. 717. Exemption from required physical examination and mental health 
          assessment for certain members of the reserve components.
Sec. 718. Authorization of provision of instruction at Uniformed 
          Services University of the Health Sciences to certain Federal 
          employees.
Sec. 719. Removal of requirement for one year of participation in 
          certain medical and lifestyle incentive programs of the 
          Department of Defense to receive benefits under such programs.
Sec. 720. Department of Defense standards for exemptions from mandatory 
          COVID-19 vaccines.
Sec. 721. Establishment of centers of excellence for enhanced treatment 
          of ocular injuries.
Sec. 722. Implementation of integrated product for management of 
          population health across military health system.
Sec. 723. Digital health strategy of Department of Defense.
Sec. 724. Development and update of certain policies relating to 
          military health system and integrated medical operations.
Sec. 725. Mandatory training on health effects of burn pits.
Sec. 726. Standardization of definitions used by the Department of 
          Defense for terms related to suicide.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Modifications and reports related to military medical manning 
          and medical billets.
Sec. 732. Access by United States Government employees and their family 
          members to certain facilities of Department of Defense for 
          assessment and treatment of anomalous health conditions.
Sec. 733. Pilot program on cardiac screening at certain military service 
          academies.
Sec. 734. Pilot program on assistance for mental health appointment 
          scheduling at military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 735. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain research 
          connected to China.
Sec. 736. Limitation on certain discharges solely on the basis of 
          failure to obey lawful order to receive COVID-19 vaccine.
Sec. 737. Independent analysis of Department of Defense Comprehensive 
          Autism Care Demonstration program.
Sec. 738. Independent review of suicide prevention and response at 
          military installations.
Sec. 739. Feasibility and advisability study on establishment of 
          aeromedical squadron at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam.
Sec. 740. Study on incidence of breast cancer among members of the Armed 
          Forces serving on active duty.
Sec. 741. GAO biennial study on Individual Longitudinal Exposure Record 
          program.
Sec. 742. Comptroller General study on implementation by Department of 
          Defense of recent statutory requirements to reform the 
          military health system.
Sec. 743. Study to determine need for a joint fund for Federal 
          Electronic Health Record Modernization Office.
Sec. 744. Briefing on domestic production of critical active 
          pharmaceutical ingredients for national security purposes.
Sec. 745. Briefing on substance abuse in the Armed Forces.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Acquisition workforce educational partnerships.
Sec. 802. Prohibition on acquisition of personal protective equipment 
          from non-allied foreign nations.
Sec. 803. Authority to acquire innovative commercial products and 
          commercial services using general solicitation competitive 
          procedures.
Sec. 804. Modifications to contracts subject to cost or pricing data 
          certification.
Sec. 805. Two-year extension of Selected Acquisition Report requirement.
Sec. 806. Annual report on highest and lowest performing acquisition 
          programs of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 807. Assessment of impediments and incentives to improving the 
          acquisition of commercial products and commercial services.
Sec. 808. Briefing on transparency for certain domestic procurement 
          waivers.
Sec. 809. Report on violations of certain domestic preference laws.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Certain multiyear contracts for acquisition of property: 
          budget justification materials.
Sec. 812. Extension of demonstration project relating to certain 
          acquisition personnel management policies and procedures.
Sec. 813. Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight employee training 
          requirements.
Sec. 814. Modified condition for prompt contract payment eligibility.
Sec. 815. Modification to procurement of services: data analysis and 
          requirements validation.
Sec. 816. Limitation on procurement of welded shipboard anchor and 
          mooring chain for naval vessels.
Sec. 817. Repeal of preference for fixed-price contracts.

     Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Other Transaction Authority

Sec. 821. Modification of other transaction authority for research 
          projects.
Sec. 822. Modification of prize authority for advanced technology 
          achievements.
Sec. 823. Pilot program on systems engineering determinations.
Sec. 824. Recommendations on the use of other transaction authority.
Sec. 825. Reporting requirement for certain defense acquisition 
          activities.

       Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Software and Technology

Sec. 831. Technology protection features activities.
Sec. 832. Modification of enhanced transfer of technology developed at 
          Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 833. Pilot program on acquisition practices for emerging 
          technologies.
Sec. 834. Pilot program to accelerate the procurement and fielding of 
          innovative technologies.
Sec. 835. Independent study on technical debt in software-intensive 
          systems.
Sec. 836. Cadre of software development and acquisition experts.

        Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Supply Chain Security

Sec. 841. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure integrity of 
          industrial base.
Sec. 842. Modification to analyses of certain activities for action to 
          address sourcing and industrial capacity.
Sec. 843. Assuring integrity of overseas fuel supplies.
Sec. 844. Assessment of requirements for certain items to address supply 
          chain vulnerabilities.
Sec. 845. Department of Defense research and development priorities.
Sec. 846. Report on the Manufacturing Engineering Education Program.
Sec. 847. Plan and report on reduction of reliance on services, 
          supplies, or materials from covered countries.
Sec. 848. Prohibition on certain procurements from the Xinjiang Uyghur 
          Autonomous Region.

                   Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 851. Modifications to printed circuit board acquisition 
          restrictions.
Sec. 852. Modification of pilot program for development of technology-
          enhanced capabilities with partnership intermediaries.
Sec. 853. Additional testing of commercial e-commerce portal models.
Sec. 854. Requirement for industry days and requests for information to 
          be open to allied defense contractors.
Sec. 855. Employment transparency regarding individuals who perform work 
          in the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 856. Briefing on compliance with contractor lobbying restrictions.
Sec. 857. Congressional oversight of personnel and contracts of private 
          security contractors.

                   Subtitle G--Small Business Matters

Sec. 861. Exemption of certain contracts from the periodic inflation 
          adjustments to the acquisition-related dollar threshold.
Sec. 862. Modification to the pilot program for streamlining awards for 
          innovative technology projects.
Sec. 863. Protests and appeals relating to eligibility of business 
          concerns.
Sec. 864. Authority for the Office of Hearings and Appeals to decide 
          appeals relating to qualified HUBZone small business concerns.
Sec. 865. Report on unfunded priorities of the Small Business Innovation 
          Research and Small Business Technology Transfer program.
Sec. 866. Report on Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification effects 
          on small business.
Sec. 867. Data on Phase III Small Business Innovation Research and Small 
          Business Technology Transfer program awards.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 871. Mission management pilot program.
Sec. 872. Establishment of mission-oriented pilot programs to close 
          significant capabilities gaps.
Sec. 873. Independent study on acquisition practices and policies.
Sec. 874. Pilot program to incentivize contracting with employee-owned 
          businesses.
Sec. 875. Guidance, training, and report on place of performance 
          contract requirements.
Sec. 876. Notification of certain intergovernmental support agreements.
Sec. 877. Report on requests for equitable adjustment in Department of 
          the Navy.
Sec. 878. Military standards for armor materials in vehicle 
          specifications.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Sec. 901. Change in eligibility requirements for appointment to certain 
          Department of Defense leadership positions.
Sec. 902. Clarification of treatment of Office of Local Defense 
          Community Cooperation as a Department of Defense Field 
          Activity.
Sec. 903. Enhanced role of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
          and Engineering on the Joint Requirements Oversight Council.
Sec. 904. Implementation of repeal of Chief Management Officer of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 905. Space Force organizational matters and modification of certain 
          space-related acquisition authorities.
Sec. 906. Assignments for participants in the John S. McCain Strategic 
          Defense Fellows Program.
Sec. 907. Designation of senior official for implementation of 
          Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority Strategy.
Sec. 908. Management innovation activities.
Sec. 909. Digital talent recruiting officer.
Sec. 910. Cross-functional team for emerging threat relating to 
          anomalous health incidents.
Sec. 911. Alignment of Close Combat Lethality Task Force.
Sec. 912. Independent review of and report on the Unified Command Plan.
Sec. 913. Study and report on the role and organization of space assets 
          in the reserve components.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Revision of limitation on funding for combatant commands 
          through Combatant Commander Initiative Fund.
Sec. 1003. Plan for consolidation of information technology systems used 
          in Department of Defense planning, programming, budgeting, and 
          execution process.
Sec. 1004. Commission on Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution 
          Reform.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1007. Extension of authority to support a unified counterdrug and 
          counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1008. Authority for joint task forces to provide support to law 
          enforcement agencies conducting counter-terrorism activities.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1011. Modification to annual naval vessel construction plan.
Sec. 1012. Improving oversight of Navy contracts for shipbuilding, 
          conversion, and repair.
Sec. 1013. Codification of requirement for assessments prior to start of 
          construction on first ship of a shipbuilding program.
Sec. 1014. Limitation on decommissioning or inactivating a battle force 
          ship before the end of expected service life.
Sec. 1015. Biennial report on shipbuilder training and the defense 
          industrial base.
Sec. 1016. Annual report on ship maintenance.
Sec. 1017. Navy battle force ship assessment and requirement reporting.
Sec. 1018. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of Mark VI patrol 
          boats.
Sec. 1019. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
          guided missile cruisers.
Sec. 1020. Review of sustainment key performance parameters for 
          shipbuilding programs.
Sec. 1021. Assessment of security of global maritime chokepoints.
Sec. 1022. Report on acquisition, delivery, and use of mobility assets 
          that enable implementation of expeditionary advanced base 
          operations.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Inclusion in counterterrorism briefings of information on use 
          of military force in collective self-defense.
Sec. 1032. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1033. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1034. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
          modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
          transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
          Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
          relinquish control of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
          Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1036. Report on medical care provided to detainees at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Congressional oversight of alternative compensatory control 
          measures.
Sec. 1042. Modification of notification requirements for sensitive 
          military operations.
Sec. 1043. Authority to provide space and services to military welfare 
          societies.
Sec. 1044. Congressional notification of significant Army force 
          structure changes.
Sec. 1045. Prohibition on use of Navy, Marine Corps, and Space Force as 
          posse comitatus.
Sec. 1046. Comparative testing reports for certain aircraft.
Sec. 1047. Special operations forces joint operating concept for 
          competition and conflict.
Sec. 1048. Limitation on availability of certain funding for operation 
          and maintenance.
Sec. 1049. Limitation on use of certain funds pending submission of 
          report, strategy, and posture review relating to information 
          environment.
Sec. 1050. Briefing by Comptroller General and limitation on use of 
          funds pending compliance with requirement for independent 
          studies regarding potential cost savings.
Sec. 1051. Survey on relations between members of the Armed Forces and 
          military communities.
Sec. 1052. Limitation on use of funds pending compliance with certain 
          statutory reporting requirements.
Sec. 1053. Navy coordination with Coast Guard and Space Force on 
          aircraft, weapons, tactics, technique, organization, and 
          equipment of joint concern.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Inclusion of support services for Gold Star families in 
          quadrennial quality of life review.
Sec. 1062. Public availability of semi-annual summaries of reports.
Sec. 1063. Extension of reporting requirement regarding enhancement of 
          information sharing and coordination of military training 
          between Department Of Homeland Security and Department Of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1064. Continuation of certain Department of Defense reporting 
          requirements.
Sec. 1065. Updated review and enhancement of existing authorities for 
          using Air Force and Air National Guard modular airborne fire-
          fighting systems and other Department of Defense assets to 
          fight wildfires.
Sec. 1066. Geographic combatant command risk assessment of Air Force 
          airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
          modernization plan.
Sec. 1067. Biennial assessments of Air Force Test Center.
Sec. 1068. Report on 2019 World Military Games.
Sec. 1069. Reports on oversight of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1070. Study and report on Department of Defense excess personal 
          property program.
Sec. 1071. Optimization of Irregular Warfare Technical Support 
          Directorate.
Sec. 1072. Assessment of requirements for and management of Army three-
          dimensional geospatial data.
Sec. 1073. Required review of Department of Defense unmanned aircraft 
          systems categorization.
Sec. 1074. Annual report and briefing on Global Force Management 
          Allocation Plan.
Sec. 1075. Report on World War I and Korean War era Superfund 
          facilities.
Sec. 1076. Report on implementation of irregular warfare strategy.
Sec. 1077. Study on providing end-to-end electronic voting services for 
          absent uniformed services voters in locations with limited or 
          immature postal service.
Sec. 1078. Report on Air Force strategy for acquisition of combat rescue 
          aircraft and equipment.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Modification to Regional Centers for Security Studies.
Sec. 1083. Improvement of transparency and congressional oversight of 
          civil reserve air fleet.
Sec. 1084. Observance of National Atomic Veterans Day.
Sec. 1085. Update of Joint Publication 3-68: Noncombatant Evacuation 
          Operations.
Sec. 1086. National Museum of the Surface Navy.
Sec. 1087. Authorization for memorial for members of the Armed Forces 
          killed in attack on Hamid Karzai International Airport.
Sec. 1088. Treatment of operational data from Afghanistan.
Sec. 1089. Responsibilities for national mobilization; personnel 
          requirements.
Sec. 1090. Independent assessment with respect to Arctic region.
Sec. 1091. National Security Commission on Emerging Biotechnology.
Sec. 1092. Quarterly security briefings on Afghanistan.
Sec. 1093. Transition of funding for non-conventional assisted recovery 
          capabilities.
Sec. 1094. Afghanistan War Commission Act of 2021.
Sec. 1095. Commission on the National Defense Strategy.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Amendment to diversity and inclusion reporting.
Sec. 1102. Civilian personnel management.
Sec. 1103. Modification of temporary authority to appoint retired 
          members of the armed forces to positions in the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1104. Authority to employ civilian faculty members at the Defense 
          Institute of International Legal Studies.
Sec. 1105. Consideration of employee performance in reductions in force 
          for civilian positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1106. Repeal of 2-year probationary period.
Sec. 1107. Modification of DARPA personnel management authority to 
          attract science and engineering experts.
Sec. 1108. Expansion of rate of overtime pay authority for Department of 
          the Navy employees performing work overseas on naval vessels.
Sec. 1109. Repeal of crediting amounts received against pay of Federal 
          employee or DC employee serving as a member of the National 
          Guard of the District of Columbia.
Sec. 1110. Treatment of hours worked under a qualified trade-of-time 
          arrangement.
Sec. 1111. Parental bereavement leave.
Sec. 1112. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
          premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
          civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1113. Extension of authority for temporary personnel flexibilities 
          for Domestic Defense Industrial Base Facilities and Major 
          Range and Test Facilities Base civilian personnel.
Sec. 1114. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
          official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1115. Assessment of Accelerated Promotion Program suspension.
Sec. 1116. Increase in allowance based on duty at remote worksites.
Sec. 1117. Enhancement of recusal for conflicts of personal interest 
          requirements for Department of Defense officers and employees.
Sec. 1118. Occupational series for digital career fields.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Administrative support and payment of certain expenses for 
          covered foreign defense personnel.
Sec. 1202. Authority for certain reimbursable interchange of supplies 
          and services.
Sec. 1203. Extension of support of special operations for irregular 
          warfare.
Sec. 1204. Modification and extension of biennial Comptroller General of 
          the United States audits of programs to build the capacity of 
          foreign security forces.
Sec. 1205. Temporary authority to pay for travel and subsistence 
          expenses of foreign national security forces participating in 
          the training program of the United States-Colombia Action Plan 
          for Regional Security.
Sec. 1206. Security cooperation strategy for certain combatant commands.
Sec. 1207. Report on security cooperation programs.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Sense of Congress on the service of United States Armed 
          Forces servicemembers in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
          certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
          States military operations.
Sec. 1213. Prohibition on transfer of Department of Defense funds or 
          resources to the Taliban.
Sec. 1214. Prohibition on transporting currency to the Taliban or the 
          Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Prohibition on removal of publicly available accountings of 
          military assistance provided to the Afghan security forces.
Sec. 1216. Joint report on using the synchronized predeployment and 
          operational tracker (spot) database to verify Afghan SIV 
          applicant information.
Sec. 1217. Report and briefing on United States equipment, property, and 
          classified material that was destroyed or abandoned in the 
          withdrawal from Afghanistan.

          Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
          to vetted Syrian groups and individuals.
Sec. 1222. Defense and diplomatic strategy for Syria.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
          to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1224. Extension and modification of authority to support operations 
          and activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1225. Prohibition on transfers to Badr Organization.
Sec. 1226. Prohibition on transfers to Iran.
Sec. 1227. Report on the military capabilities of Iran and related 
          activities.
Sec. 1228. Sense of Congress on enrichment of uranium by Iran.

                 Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
          United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1232. Extension of Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative.
Sec. 1233. Extension of authority for training for Eastern European 
          national security forces in the course of multilateral 
          exercises.
Sec. 1234. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
          of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1235. Report on Russian influence operations and campaigns 
          targeting military alliances and partnerships of which the 
          United States is a member.

         Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1241. Extension and modification of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security 
          Initiative.
Sec. 1242. Extension and modification of Pacific Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1243. Modification of annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1244. Extension of authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin 
          cleanup.
Sec. 1245. Cooperative program with Vietnam to account for Vietnamese 
          personnel missing in action.
Sec. 1246. Sense of Congress on Taiwan defense relations.
Sec. 1247. Statement of policy on Taiwan.
Sec. 1248. Annual report on Taiwan asymmetric capabilities and 
          intelligence support.
Sec. 1249. Feasibility briefing on cooperation between the National 
          Guard and Taiwan.
Sec. 1250. Feasibility report on establishing military-to-military 
          crisis communications capabilities.
Sec. 1251. Comparative analyses and reports on efforts by the United 
          States and the People's Republic of China to advance critical 
          modernization technology with respect to military 
          applications.
Sec. 1252. Sense of congress on defense alliances and partnerships in 
          the Indo-Pacific region.

          TITLE XIII--OTHER MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

             Subtitle A--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1301. Sense of Congress on North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
          allies and partners.
Sec. 1302. Report on Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict.
Sec. 1303. Report on the state of United States military investment in 
          Europe, including the European Deterrence Initiative.

    Subtitle B--United States-Greece Defense and Interparliamentary 
                         Partnership Act of 2021

Sec. 1311. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1312. Funding for the European Recapitalization Incentive Program.
Sec. 1313. Sense of Congress on loan program.
Sec. 1314. Sense of Congress on transfer of F-35 Joint Strike Fighter 
          aircraft to Greece.
Sec. 1315. IMET cooperation with Greece.
Sec. 1316. Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and the United States 3+1 
          Interparliamentary Group.
Sec. 1317. Appropriate congressional committees.

             Subtitle C--Security Cooperation and Assistance

Sec. 1321. Clarification of requirements for contributions by 
          participants in the American, British, Canadian, and 
          Australian Armies' Program.
Sec. 1322. Foreign Area Officer assessment and review.
Sec. 1323. Study on certain security cooperation programs.
Sec. 1324. Notification relating to overseas humanitarian, disaster, and 
          civic aid funds obligated in support of operation allies 
          welcome.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 1331. Extension and modification of authority for certain payments 
          to redress injury and loss.
Sec. 1332. Secretary of Defense Strategic Competition Initiative.
Sec. 1333. Extension and modification of Department of Defense support 
          for stabilization activities in national security interest of 
          the United States.
Sec. 1334. Pilot program to support the implementation of the Women, 
          Peace, and Security act of 2017.
Sec. 1335. Annual report on Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty 
          sensors.
Sec. 1336. Security assistance in Northern Triangle countries.
Sec. 1337. Report on human rights in Colombia.
Sec. 1338. Report on efforts by the People's Republic of China to expand 
          its presence and influence in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Sec. 1339. Extension of prohibition on in-flight refueling to non-United 
          States aircraft that engage in hostilities in the ongoing 
          civil war in Yemen.
Sec. 1340. Statement of policy and report on Yemen.
Sec. 1341. Limitation on support to military forces of the Kingdom of 
          Morocco for multilateral exercises.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-Wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense Health Program.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1411. Acquisition of strategic and critical materials from the 
          national technology and industrial base.
Sec. 1412. Authorization to loan materials in National Defense 
          Stockpile.
Sec. 1413. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
          Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1414. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
          Home.

                  TITLE XV--CYBERSPACE-RELATED MATTERS

    Subtitle A--Matters Related to Cyber Operations and Cyber Forces

Sec. 1501. Development of taxonomy of cyber capabilities.
Sec. 1502. Extension of sunset for pilot program on regional 
          cybersecurity training center for the Army National Guard.
Sec. 1503. Modification of the Principal Cyber Advisor.
Sec. 1504.  Evaluation of Department of Defense cyber governance.
Sec. 1505. Operational technology and mission-relevant terrain in 
          cyberspace.
Sec. 1506. Matters concerning cyber personnel requirements.
Sec. 1507. Assignment of certain budget control responsibilities to 
          commander of United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1508. Coordination between United States Cyber Command and private 
          sector.
Sec. 1509. Assessment of cyber posture and operational assumptions and 
          development of targeting strategies and supporting 
          capabilities.
Sec. 1510. Assessing capabilities to counter adversary use of 
          ransomware, capabilities, and infrastructure.
Sec. 1511. Comparative analysis of cybersecurity capabilities.
Sec. 1512. Eligibility of owners and operators of critical 
          infrastructure to receive certain Department of Defense 
          support and services.
Sec. 1513. Report on potential Department of Defense support and 
          assistance for increasing the awareness of the Cybersecurity 
          and Infrastructure Security Agency of cyber threats and 
          vulnerabilities affecting critical infrastructure.

 Subtitle B--Matters Related to Department of Defense Cybersecurity and 
                         Information Technology

Sec. 1521. Enterprise-wide procurement of cyber data products and 
          services.
Sec. 1522. Legacy information technologies and systems accountability.
Sec. 1523. Update relating to responsibilities of Chief Information 
          Officer.
Sec. 1524. Protective Domain Name System within the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1525. Cybersecurity of weapon systems.
Sec. 1526. Assessment of controlled unclassified information program.
Sec. 1527. Cyber data management.
Sec. 1528. Zero trust strategy, principles, model architecture, and 
          implementation plans.
Sec. 1529. Demonstration program for automated security validation 
          tools.
Sec. 1530. Improvements to consortium of universities to advise 
          Secretary of Defense on cybersecurity matters.
Sec. 1531. Digital development infrastructure plan and working group.
Sec. 1532. Study regarding establishment within the Department of 
          Defense of a designated central program office to oversee 
          academic engagement programs relating to establishing cyber 
          talent across the Department.
Sec. 1533. Report on the Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification 
          program.
Sec. 1534. Deadline for reports on assessment of cyber resiliency of 
          nuclear command and control system.

          Subtitle C--Matters Related to Federal Cybersecurity

Sec. 1541. Capabilities of the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security 
          Agency to identify threats to industrial control systems.
Sec. 1542. Cybersecurity vulnerabilities.
Sec. 1543. Report on cybersecurity vulnerabilities.
Sec. 1544. Competition relating to cybersecurity vulnerabilities.
Sec. 1545. Strategy.
Sec. 1546. Cyber incident response plan.
Sec. 1547. National cyber exercise program.
Sec. 1548. CyberSentry program of the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure 
          Security Agency.
Sec. 1549. Strategic assessment relating to innovation of information 
          systems and cybersecurity threats.
Sec. 1550. Pilot program on public-private partnerships with internet 
          ecosystem companies to detect and disrupt adversary cyber 
          operations.
Sec. 1551. United States-Israel cybersecurity cooperation.
Sec. 1552. Authority for National Cyber Director to accept details on 
          nonreimbursable basis.

   TITLE XVI--SPACE ACTIVITIES, STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, AND INTELLIGENCE 
                                 MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. National security space launch program.
Sec. 1602. Redesignation of Space Force Acquisition Council; 
          modifications relating to Assistant Secretary of the Air Force 
          for Space Acquisition and Integration.
Sec. 1603. Delegation of Authorities to Space Development Agency.
Sec. 1604. Extension and modification of Council on Oversight of the 
          Department of Defense Positioning, Navigation, and Timing 
          Enterprise.
Sec. 1605. Improvements to tactically responsive space launch program.
Sec. 1606. Clarification of domestic services and capabilities in 
          leveraging commercial satellite remote sensing.
Sec. 1607. Programs of record of Space Force and commercial 
          capabilities.
Sec. 1608. Extension and modification of certifications regarding 
          integrated tactical warning and attack assessment mission of 
          the Air Force.
Sec. 1609. Classification review of programs of the Space Force.
Sec. 1610. Report on Range of the Future initiative of the Space Force.
Sec. 1611. Space policy review.
Sec. 1612. Annual briefing on threats to space operations.
Sec. 1613. National Security Council briefing on potential harmful 
          interference to Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1614. Non-geostationary orbit satellite constellations.
Sec. 1615. Briefing on prototype program for multiglobal navigation 
          satellite system receiver development.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Notification of certain threats to United States Armed Forces 
          by foreign governments.
Sec. 1622. Strategy and plan to implement certain defense intelligence 
          reforms.
Sec. 1623. Annual briefing by Director of the Defense Intelligence 
          Agency on electronic warfare threat to operations of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1624. Report on explosive ordnance intelligence matters.

                       Subtitle C--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1631. Participation in United States Strategic Command strategic 
          deterrence exercises.
Sec. 1632. Modification to requirements relating to nuclear force 
          reductions.
Sec. 1633. Modifications to requirements relating to unilateral changes 
          in nuclear weapons stockpile of the United States.
Sec. 1634. Deadline for reports on modification of force structure for 
          strategic nuclear weapons delivery systems.
Sec. 1635. Modification of deadline for notifications relating to 
          reduction, consolidation, or withdrawal of nuclear forces 
          based in Europe.
Sec. 1636. Procurement authority for certain parts of the ground-based 
          strategic deterrent cryptographic device.
Sec. 1637. Capability of B-21 bomber aircraft with long-range standoff 
          weapon.
Sec. 1638. Mission-design series popular name for ground-based strategic 
          deterrent.
Sec. 1639. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
          missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1640. Limitation on availability of certain funds until submission 
          of information relating to proposed budget for nuclear-armed 
          sea-launched cruise missile.
Sec. 1641. Limitation on availability of certain funds until submission 
          of information relating to nuclear-armed sea-launched cruise 
          missile.
Sec. 1642. Annual certification on readiness of Minuteman III 
          intercontinental ballistic missiles.
Sec. 1643. Revised nuclear posture review.
Sec. 1644. Review of safety, security, and reliability of nuclear 
          weapons and related systems.
Sec. 1645. Long-range standoff weapon.
Sec. 1646. Ground-based strategic deterrent development program 
          accountability matrices.
Sec. 1647. Information regarding review of Minuteman III service life 
          extension program or options for the future of the 
          intercontinental ballistic missile force.
Sec. 1648. Notification regarding intercontinental ballistic missiles of 
          China.
Sec. 1649. Independent review of nuclear command, control, and 
          communications system.
Sec. 1650. Review of engineering and manufacturing development contract 
          for ground-based strategic deterrent program.
Sec. 1651. Report on re-alerting long-range bombers.
Sec. 1652. Comptroller General study and updated report on nuclear 
          weapons capabilities and force structure requirements.
Sec. 1653. Briefing on consultations with United States allies regarding 
          Nuclear Posture Review.

                  Subtitle D--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1661. Notification of changes to non-standard acquisition and 
          requirements processes and responsibilities of Missile Defense 
          Agency.
Sec. 1662. Limitation on Missile Defense Agency production of satellites 
          and ground systems associated with operation of such 
          satellites.
Sec. 1663. Extension of period for transition of ballistic missile 
          defense programs to military departments.
Sec. 1664. Directed energy programs for ballistic and hypersonic missile 
          defense.
Sec. 1665. Guam integrated air and missile defense system.
Sec. 1666. Missile defense radar in Hawaii.
Sec. 1667. Certification required for Russia and China to tour certain 
          missile defense sites.
Sec. 1668. Next generation interceptors for missile defense of the 
          United States homeland.
Sec. 1669. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
          cooperative missile defense program co-development and co-
          production.
Sec. 1670. Update of study on discrimination capabilities of the 
          ballistic missile defense system.
Sec. 1671. Semiannual updates on meetings held by the Missile Defense 
          Executive Board.
Sec. 1672. Matters regarding Integrated Deterrence Review.
Sec. 1673. Semiannual notifications regarding missile defense tests and 
          costs.
Sec. 1674. Report on senior leadership of Missile Defense Agency.
Sec. 1675. Independent study of roles and responsibilities of Department 
          of Defense components relating to missile defense.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 1681. Cooperative threat reduction funds.
Sec. 1682. Modification to estimate of damages from Federal 
          Communications Commission Order 20-48.
Sec. 1683. Establishment of office, organizational structure, and 
          authorities to address unidentified aerial phenomena.
Sec. 1684. Determination on certain activities with unusually hazardous 
          risks.
Sec. 1685. Study by Public Interest Declassification Board relating to 
          certain tests in the Marshall Islands.
Sec. 1686. Protection of Major Range and Test Facility Base.
Sec. 1687. Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the 
          United States.

      TITLE XVII--TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS RELATED TO THE TRANSFER AND 
             REORGANIZATION OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION STATUTES

Sec. 1701. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments related to 
          title XVIII of the Fiscal Year 2021 NDAA.
Sec. 1702. Conforming cross reference technical amendments related to 
          the transfer and reorganization of defense acquisition 
          statutes.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date and automatic execution of conforming changes 
          to tables of sections, tables of contents, and similar tabular 
          entries.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Extension of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2017 
          project.
Sec. 2105. Additional authority to carry out fiscal year 2018 project at 
          Fort Bliss, Texas.
Sec. 2106. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2021 project.
Sec. 2107. Additional authorized funding source for certain fiscal year 
          2022 project.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2304. Extension of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2017 
          projects.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out military construction 
          projects at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
          Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Extension and modification of authority to carry out certain 
          fiscal years 2017 and 2019 projects.

                    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

   Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                 Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. Republic of Poland funded construction projects.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense Base 
          Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
          closure (BRAC) round.
Sec. 2703. Conditions on closure of certain portion of Pueblo Chemical 
          Depot and Chemical Agent-Destruction Pilot Plant, Colorado.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

            Subtitle A--Military Construction Program Changes

Sec. 2801. Public availability of information on Facilities Sustainment, 
          Restoration, and Modernization projects.
Sec. 2802. Limitations on authorized cost and scope of work variations.
Sec. 2803. Department of Defense stormwater management projects for 
          military installations and defense access roads.
Sec. 2804. Use of amounts available for operation and maintenance in 
          carrying out military construction projects for energy 
          resilience, energy security, or energy conservation.
Sec. 2805. Flood risk management for military construction.
Sec. 2806. Modification and extension of temporary, limited authority to 
          use operation and maintenance funds for construction projects 
          in certain areas outside the United States.

          Subtitle B--Continuation of Military Housing Reforms

Sec. 2811. Modification of calculation of military housing contractor 
          pay for privatized military housing.
Sec. 2812. Applicability of window fall prevention requirements to all 
          military family housing whether privatized or Government-owned 
          and Government-controlled.
Sec. 2813. Applicability of disability laws to privatized military 
          housing units and clarification of prohibition against 
          collection from tenants of amounts in addition to rent.
Sec. 2814. Required investments in improving military unaccompanied 
          housing.
Sec. 2815. Improvement of security of lodging and living spaces on 
          military installations.
Sec. 2816. Improvement of Department of Defense child development 
          centers and increased availability of child care for children 
          of military personnel.

         Subtitle C--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Secretary of the Navy authority to support development and 
          operation of National Museum of the United States Navy.
Sec. 2822. Expansion of Secretary of the Navy authority to lease and 
          license United States Navy museum facilities to generate 
          revenue to support museum administration and operations.

        Subtitle D--Military Facilities Master Plan Requirements

Sec. 2831. Cooperation with State and local governments in development 
          of master plans for major military installations.
Sec. 2832. Additional changes to requirements regarding master plans for 
          major military installations.
Sec. 2833. Prompt completion of military installation resilience 
          component of master plans for at-risk major military 
          installations.
Sec. 2834. Master plans and investment strategies for Army ammunition 
          plants guiding future infrastructure, facility, and production 
          equipment improvements.

Subtitle E--Matters Related to Unified Facilities Criteria and Military 
                    Construction Planning and Design

Sec. 2841. Amendment of Unified Facilities Criteria to require inclusion 
          of private nursing and lactation space in certain military 
          construction projects.
Sec. 2842.  Revisions to Unified Facilities Criteria regarding use of 
          variable refrigerant flow systems.
Sec. 2843. Amendment of Unified Facilities Criteria to promote energy 
          efficient military installations.
Sec. 2844. Additional Department of Defense activities to improve energy 
          resiliency of military installations.

                      Subtitle F--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2851. Modification of restrictions on use of former Navy property 
          conveyed to University of California, San Diego, California.
Sec. 2852. Land conveyance, Joint Base Cape Cod, Bourne, Massachusetts.
Sec. 2853. Land conveyance, Saint Joseph, Missouri.
Sec. 2854. Land conveyance, Department of Defense excess property, St. 
          Louis, Missouri.
Sec. 2855. Land conveyance, Marine Corps Air Station, Cherry Point, 
          North Carolina.
Sec. 2856. Land conveyance, Naval Air Station Oceana, Virginia Beach, 
          Virginia, to City of Virginia Beach, Virginia.
Sec. 2857. Land conveyance, Naval Air Station Oceana, Virginia Beach, 
          Virginia, to School Board of City of Virginia Beach, Virginia.

                  Subtitle G--Authorized Pilot Programs

Sec. 2861. Pilot program on increased use of sustainable building 
          materials in military construction.
Sec. 2862. Pilot program on establishment of account for reimbursement 
          for use of testing facilities at installations of the 
          Department of the Air Force.

            Subtitle H--Asia-Pacific and Indo-Pacific Issues

Sec. 2871. Improved oversight of certain infrastructure services 
          provided by Naval Facilities Engineering Systems Command 
          Pacific.
Sec. 2872. Annual congressional briefing on renewal of Department of 
          Defense easements and leases of land in Hawai`i.
Sec. 2873. Hawai`i Military Land Use Master Plan.

             Subtitle I--One-Time Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 2881. Clarification of installation and maintenance requirements 
          regarding fire extinguishers in Department of Defense 
          facilities.
Sec. 2882. GAO review and report of military construction contracting at 
          military installations inside the United States.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

        Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Plutonium pit production capacity.
Sec. 3112. Improvements to cost estimates informing analyses of 
          alternatives.
Sec. 3113. University-based defense nuclear policy collaboration 
          program.
Sec. 3114. Defense environmental cleanup programs.
Sec. 3115. Modification of requirements for certain construction 
          projects.
Sec. 3116. Updates to infrastructure modernization initiative.
Sec. 3117. Extension of authority for appointment of certain scientific, 
          engineering, and technical personnel.
Sec. 3118. Extension of authority for acceptance of contributions for 
          acceleration of removal or security of fissile materials, 
          radiological materials, and related equipment at vulnerable 
          sites worldwide.
Sec. 3119. Extension of enhanced procurement authority to manage supply 
          chain risk.
Sec. 3120. Prohibition on availability of funds to reconvert or retire 
          W76-2 warheads.
Sec. 3121. Portfolio management framework for National Nuclear Security 
          Administration.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 3131. Modifications to certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 3132. Modification to terminology for reports on financial balances 
          for atomic energy defense activities.
Sec. 3133. Improvements to annual reports on condition of the United 
          States nuclear weapons stockpile.
Sec. 3134. Report on plant-directed research and development.
Sec. 3135. Reports on risks to and gaps in industrial base for nuclear 
          weapons components, subsystems, and materials.
Sec. 3136. Transfer of building located at 4170 Allium Court, 
          Springfield, Ohio.
Sec. 3137. Comprehensive strategy for treating, storing, and disposing 
          of defense nuclear waste resulting from stockpile maintenance 
          and modernization activities.
Sec. 3138. Acquisition of high-performance computing capabilities by 
          National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3139. Study on the W80-4 nuclear warhead life extension program.
Sec. 3140. Study on Runit Dome and related hazards.
Sec. 3141. Sense of Congress regarding compensation of individuals 
          relating to uranium mining and nuclear testing.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. References to Chairperson and Vice Chairperson of Defense 
          Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME SECURITY

                   Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 3511. Effective period for issuance of documentation for 
          recreational vessels.
Sec. 3512. Committees on maritime matters.
Sec. 3513. Port Infrastructure Development Program.
Sec. 3514. Uses of emerging marine technologies and practices.
Sec. 3515. Prohibition on participation of long term charters in Tanker 
          Security Fleet.
Sec. 3516. Coastwise endorsement.
Sec. 3517. Report on efforts of combatant commands to combat threats 
          posed by illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing.
Sec. 3518. Authorization to purchase duplicate medals.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

        DIVISION E--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2021

Sec. 5001. Short title.
Sec. 5002. Definitions.

    TITLE LI--ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Sec. 5101. Sense of Congress on importance of Department of State's 
          work.
Sec. 5102. Assistant Secretary for International Narcotics and Law 
          Enforcement Affairs.
Sec. 5103. Bureau of Consular Affairs; Bureau of Population, Refugees, 
          and Migration.
Sec. 5104. Office of International Disability Rights.
Sec. 5105. Special appointment authority.
Sec. 5106. Repeal of authority for Special Representative and Policy 
          Coordinator for Burma.
Sec. 5107. Anti-piracy information sharing.
Sec. 5108. Importance of foreign affairs training to national security.
Sec. 5109. Classification and assignment of Foreign Service officers.
Sec. 5110. Reporting on implementation of GAO recommendations.
Sec. 5111. Extension of period for reimbursement of fishermen for costs 
          incurred from the illegal seizure and detention of U.S.-flag 
          fishing vessels by foreign governments.
Sec. 5112. Art in embassies.
Sec. 5113. International fairs and expositions.
Sec. 5114. Amendment or repeal of reporting requirements.

                     TITLE LII--EMBASSY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 5201. Embassy security, construction, and maintenance.
Sec. 5202. Standard design in capital construction.
Sec. 5203. Capital construction transparency.
Sec. 5204. Contractor performance information.
Sec. 5205. Growth projections for new embassies and consulates.
Sec. 5206. Long-range planning process.
Sec. 5207. Value engineering and risk assessment.
Sec. 5208. Business volume.
Sec. 5209. Embassy security requests and deficiencies.
Sec. 5210. Overseas security briefings.
Sec. 5211. Contracting methods in capital construction.
Sec. 5212. Competition in embassy construction.
Sec. 5213. Statement of policy.
Sec. 5214. Definitions.

                      TITLE LIII--PERSONNEL ISSUES

Sec. 5301. Defense Base Act insurance waivers.
Sec. 5302. Study on Foreign Service allowances.
Sec. 5303. Science and technology fellowships.
Sec. 5304. Travel for separated families.
Sec. 5305. Home leave travel for separated families.
Sec. 5306. Sense of Congress regarding certain fellowship programs.
Sec. 5307. Technical correction.
Sec. 5308. Foreign Service awards.
Sec. 5309. Workforce actions.
Sec. 5310. Sense of Congress regarding veterans employment at the 
          Department of State.
Sec. 5311. Employee assignment restrictions and preclusions.
Sec. 5312. Recall and reemployment of career members.
Sec. 5313. Strategic staffing plan for the Department of State.
Sec. 5314. Consulting services.
Sec. 5315. Incentives for critical posts.
Sec. 5316. Extension of authority for certain accountability review 
          boards.
Sec. 5317. Foreign Service suspension without pay.
Sec. 5318. Foreign Affairs Manual and Foreign Affairs Handbook changes.
Sec. 5319. Waiver authority for individual occupational requirements of 
          certain positions.
Sec. 5320. Appointment of employees to the Global Engagement Center.
Sec. 5321. Competitive status for certain employees hired by Inspectors 
          General to support the lead IG mission.
Sec. 5322. Report relating to Foreign Service Officer training and 
          development.
Sec. 5323. Cooperation with Office of the Inspector General.
Sec. 5324. Information on educational opportunities for children with 
          special education needs consistent with the Individuals with 
          Disabilities Education Act.
Sec. 5325. Implementation of gap memorandum in selection board process.

  TITLE LIV--A DIVERSE WORKFORCE: RECRUITMENT, RETENTION, AND PROMOTION

Sec. 5401. Definitions.
Sec. 5402. Exit interviews for workforce.
Sec. 5403. Recruitment and retention.
Sec. 5404. Leadership engagement and accountability.
Sec. 5405. Professional development opportunities and tools.
Sec. 5406. Examination and oral assessment for the Foreign Service.
Sec. 5407. Payne fellowship authorization.
Sec. 5408. Voluntary participation.

                     TITLE LV--INFORMATION SECURITY

Sec. 5501. Definitions.
Sec. 5502. List of certain telecommunications providers.
Sec. 5503. Preserving records of electronic communications.
Sec. 5504. Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) series and 
          declassification.

                       TITLE LVI--PUBLIC DIPLOMACY

Sec. 5601. Short title.
Sec. 5602. Avoiding duplication of programs and efforts.
Sec. 5603. Improving research and evaluation of public diplomacy.
Sec. 5604. Permanent reauthorization of the United States Advisory 
          Commission on Public Diplomacy.
Sec. 5605. Streamlining of support functions.
Sec. 5606. Guidance for closure of public diplomacy facilities.
Sec. 5607. Definitions.

                        TITLE LVII--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 5701. Limitation on assistance to countries in default.
Sec. 5702. Sean and David Goldman Child Abduction Prevention and Return 
          Act of 2014 amendment.
Sec. 5703. Chief of mission concurrence.
Sec. 5704. Report on efforts of the Coronavirus Repatriation Task Force.

           DIVISION F--OTHER NON-DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MATTERS

                  TITLE LXI--FINANCIAL SERVICES MATTERS

Sec. 6101. FinCEN Exchange.
Sec. 6102. Adverse information in cases of trafficking.
Sec. 6103. Support to enhance the capacity of International Monetary 
          Fund members to evaluate the legal and financial terms of 
          sovereign debt contracts.
Sec. 6104. United States policy on Burma at the International Monetary 
          Fund, the World Bank Group, and the Asian Development Bank.
Sec. 6105. United States policy regarding international financial 
          institution assistance with respect to advanced wireless 
          technologies.
Sec. 6106. Illicit finance improvements.
Sec. 6107. Briefing on delegation of examination authority under the 
          Bank Secrecy Act.

            TITLE LXII--FOREIGN SERVICE FAMILIES ACT OF 2021

Sec. 6201. Short title.
Sec. 6202. Telecommuting opportunities.
Sec. 6203. Employment and education programs for eligible family members 
          of members of the Foreign Service.
Sec. 6204. Briefing on Foreign Service family reserve corps.
Sec. 6205. Treatment of family members seeking positions customarily 
          filled by Foreign Service officers or foreign national 
          employees.
Sec. 6206. In-State tuition rates for members of qualifying Federal 
          service.
Sec. 6207. Termination of residential or motor vehicle leases and 
          telephone service contracts for certain members of the Foreign 
          Service.

  TITLE LXIII--BARRY GOLDWATER SCHOLARSHIP AND EXCELLENCE IN EDUCATION 
                            MODERNIZATION ACT

Sec. 6301. Short title.
Sec. 6302. Clarifying amendments to definitions.
Sec. 6303. Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education 
          Awards.
Sec. 6304. Stipends.
Sec. 6305. Scholarship and research internship conditions.
Sec. 6306. Sustainable investments of funds.
Sec. 6307. Administrative provisions.

          TITLE LXIV--DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MEASURES

  Subtitle A--DHS Headquarters, Research and Development, and Related 
                                 Matters

Sec. 6401. Employee engagement steering committee and action plan.
Sec. 6402. Annual employee award program.
Sec. 6403. Chief Human Capital Officer responsibilities.
Sec. 6404. Independent investigation and implementation plan.
Sec. 6405. Authorization of the acquisition professional career program.
Sec. 6406. National urban security technology laboratory.
Sec. 6407. Department of Homeland Security Blue Campaign enhancement.
Sec. 6408. Medical countermeasures program.
Sec. 6409. Critical domain research and development.
Sec. 6410. CBP Donations Acceptance Program Reauthorization.

                   Subtitle B--Transportation Security

Sec. 6411. Survey of the Transportation Security Administration 
          workforce regarding COVID-19 response.
Sec. 6412. Transportation Security Preparedness Plan.
Sec. 6413. Authorization of Transportation Security Administration 
          personnel details.
Sec. 6414. Transportation Security Administration preparedness.
Sec. 6415. Plan to reduce the spread of coronavirus at passenger 
          screening checkpoints.
Sec. 6416. Comptroller General review of Department of Homeland Security 
          trusted traveler programs.
Sec. 6417. Enrollment redress with respect to Department of Homeland 
          Security trusted traveler programs.
Sec. 6418. Threat information sharing.
Sec. 6419. Local law enforcement security training.
Sec. 6420. Allowable uses of funds for public transportation security 
          assistance grants.
Sec. 6421. Periods of performance for public transportation security 
          assistance grants.
Sec. 6422. GAO review of public transportation security assistance grant 
          program.
Sec. 6423. Sensitive security information; aviation security.

          TITLE LXV--OTHER MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN AFFAIRS

Sec. 6501. Authorization for United States Participation in the 
          Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations.
Sec. 6502. Required notification and reports related to Peacekeeping 
          Operations account.
Sec. 6503. Transnational Repression Accountability and Prevention.
Sec. 6504. Human rights awareness for American athletic delegations.
Sec. 6505. Cooperation between the United States and Ukraine regarding 
          the titanium industry.
Sec. 6506. Updates to the National Strategy for Combating Terrorist and 
          Other Illicit Financing.
Sec. 6507. Report on net worth of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
Sec. 6508. Annual report on United States policy toward South Sudan.
Sec. 6509. Strategy for engagement with Southeast Asia and ASEAN.
Sec. 6510. Supporting democracy in Burma.
Sec. 6511. United States Grand Strategy with respect to China.

                        TITLE LXVI--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 6601. Eligibility of certain individuals who served with special 
          guerrilla units or irregular forces in Laos for interment in 
          national cemeteries.
Sec. 6602. Expansion of scope of Department of Veterans Affairs open 
          burn pit registry to include open burn pits in Egypt and 
          Syria.
Sec. 6603. Anomalous health incidents interagency coordinator.
Sec. 6604. Chief Human Capital Officers Council annual report.
Sec. 6605. National Global War on Terrorism Memorial.
Sec. 6606. Establishment of Subcommittee on the Economic and Security 
          Implications of Quantum Information Science.
Sec. 6607. Study and report on the redistribution of COVID-19 vaccine 
          doses that would otherwise expire to foreign countries and 
          economies.
Sec. 6608. Catawba Indian Nation lands.
Sec. 6609. Property disposition for affordable housing.
Sec. 6610. Blocking deadly fentanyl imports.
SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.
    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.
SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.
    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to 
the vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report 
or amendment between the Houses.
SEC. 5. EXPLANATORY STATEMENT.
    The explanatory statement regarding this Act, printed in the House 
section of the Congressional Record on or about December 8, 2021, by 
the Chairman of the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Chairman of the Committee on Armed Services of 
the Senate, shall have the same effect with respect to the 
implementation of this Act as if it were a joint explanatory statement 
of a committee of conference.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Modification of deployment by the Army of interim cruise 
          missile defense capability.
Sec. 112. Multiyear procurement authority for AH-64E Apache helicopters.
Sec. 113. Multiyear procurement authority for UH-60M and HH-60M Black 
          Hawk helicopters.
Sec. 114. Continuation of Soldier Enhancement Program.
Sec. 115. Limitation on availability of funds pending report on the 
          Integrated Visual Augmentation System.
Sec. 116. Strategy and authority for the procurement of components for 
          the next generation squad weapon.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Extension of procurement authority for certain amphibious 
          shipbuilding programs.
Sec. 122. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
          port waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 123. Extension of report on Littoral Combat Ship mission packages.
Sec. 124. Incorporation of advanced degaussing systems into Arleigh 
          Burke class destroyers.
Sec. 125. Report on the potential benefits of a multiyear contract for 
          the procurement of Flight III Arleigh Burke class destroyers.
Sec. 126. Acquisition, modernization, and sustainment plan for carrier 
          air wings.
Sec. 127. Report on material readiness of Virginia class submarines of 
          the Navy.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Extension of inventory requirement for Air Force fighter 
          aircraft.
Sec. 132. Contract for logistics support for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 133. Prohibition on certain reductions to B-1 bomber aircraft 
          squadrons.
Sec. 134. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 135. Limitation on availability of funds for the B-52 Commercial 
          Engine Replacement Program.
Sec. 136. Limitation on availability of funds pending information on 
          bridge tanker aircraft.
Sec. 137. Inventory requirements and limitations relating to certain air 
          refueling tanker aircraft.
Sec. 138. Minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft.
Sec. 139. Report relating to reduction of total number of tactical 
          airlift aircraft.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. Implementation of affordability, operational, and sustainment 
          cost constraints for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 142. Transfer of F-35 program responsibilities from the F-35 Joint 
          Program Office to the Department of the Air Force and the 
          Department of the Navy.
Sec. 143. Limitation on availability of funds for air-based and space-
          based ground moving target indicator capabilities.
Sec. 144. Limitation on availability of funds for procurement of 
          aircraft systems for the armed overwatch program.
Sec. 145. Analysis of certain radar investment options.
Sec. 146. Review and briefing on fielded major weapon systems.
Sec. 147. Reports on exercise of waiver authority with respect to 
          certain aircraft ejection seats.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2022 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force and the Space Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in 
the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

    SEC. 111. MODIFICATION OF DEPLOYMENT BY THE ARMY OF INTERIM CRUISE 
      MISSILE DEFENSE CAPABILITY.
    Section 112(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1660), as 
amended by section 111(b) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283), is 
further amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``shall deploy the capability 
    as follows:'' and all that follows through the period at the end 
    and inserting ``shall deploy two batteries of the capability by not 
    later than September 30, 2020.'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``deadlines'' and 
        inserting ``deadline'';
            (B) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``deadlines'' and inserting ``deadline'';
            (C) in subparagraph (F), by adding ``and'' at the end;
            (D) by striking subparagraph (G); and
            (E) by redesignating subparagraph (H) as subparagraph (G); 
        and
        (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``deadlines specified in 
    paragraph (1):'' and all that follows through the period at the end 
    and inserting ``deadline specified in paragraph (1) if the 
    Secretary determines that sufficient funds have not been 
    appropriated to enable the Secretary to meet such deadline.''.
    SEC. 112. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR AH-64E APACHE 
      HELICOPTERS.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Army may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2022 program year, for the procurement of AH-64E Apache helicopters.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2022 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    SEC. 113. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR UH-60M AND HH-60M 
      BLACK HAWK HELICOPTERS.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Army may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2022 program year, for the procurement of UH-60M and HH-60M Black Hawk 
helicopters.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2022 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    SEC. 114. CONTINUATION OF SOLDIER ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) Requirement to Continue Program.--The Secretary of the Army, 
acting through the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, 
Logistics, and Technology in accordance with subsection (b), shall 
continue to carry out the Soldier Enhancement Program established 
pursuant to section 203 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 103 Sat. 1394).
    (b) Responsible Official.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
designate the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, 
Logistics, and Technology as the official in the Department of the Army 
with principal responsibility for the management of the Soldier 
Enhancement Program under subsection (a).
    (c) Duties.--The duties of the Soldier Enhancement Program shall 
include the identification, research, development, test, and evaluation 
of commercially available off-the-shelf items (as defined in section 
104 of title 41, United States Code) and software applications to 
accelerate the efforts of the Army to integrate, modernize, and enhance 
weapons and equipment for use by Army soldiers, including--
        (1) lighter, more lethal weapons; and
        (2) support equipment, including lighter, more comfortable 
    load-bearing equipment, field gear, combat clothing, survivability 
    items, communications equipment, navigational aids, night vision 
    devices, tactical power, sensors, and lasers.
    SEC. 115. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING REPORT ON THE 
      INTEGRATED VISUAL AUGMENTATION SYSTEM.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2022 for the Army for 
procurement for the Integrated Visual Augmentation System, not more 
than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which 
the Secretary of the Army submits to the congressional defense 
committees the report required under subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than the date specified in paragraph 
    (3), the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional 
    defense committees a report on the Integrated Visual Augmentation 
    System of the Army.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A certification from the Secretary of the Army that the 
        Integrated Visual Augmentation System is sufficiently reliable 
        to meet operational needs for mean time between failure to 
        support planned operational mission profiles.
            (B) A certification from the Secretary of the Army that the 
        tactical network is sufficiently suitable and reliable to 
        support the operational employment of the System, including the 
        System's ability to integrate into command networks.
            (C)(i) A certification from the Secretary of the Army that 
        the duration of the System's battery power is suitable and 
        reliable enough to meet planned operational mission 
        requirements.
            (ii) A plan to ensure the battery management of the System 
        meets such requirements.
            (D) A plan to enable the System to display position 
        location and identification information for adjacent units, 
        non-System-equipped platforms, and soldiers.
            (E) A plan, including critical milestones, to achieve 
        certified three-dimensional geospatial data within the System 
        for dynamic and precision targeting.
            (F) A basis-of-issue plan based on lessons from the 
        developmental and operational testing of the System.
            (G) A plan for iterative improvements to sensors, software, 
        and form factor throughout production and procurement of the 
        System.
            (H) Any other matters that the Secretary considers relevant 
        to the full understanding of the status of and plan for the 
        System.
        (3) Date specified.--The date specified in this paragraph is a 
    date selected by the Secretary of the Army that is not later than 
    60 days after the date on which initial operational testing of the 
    Integrated Visual Augmentation System of the Army has been 
    completed.
    (c) Assessment Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date on 
which the Secretary of the Army submits the report required under 
subsection (b), the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees an assessment of the 
validity, reliability, and objectivity of the report with respect to 
each element described in subsection (b)(2).
    SEC. 116. STRATEGY AND AUTHORITY FOR THE PROCUREMENT OF COMPONENTS 
      FOR THE NEXT GENERATION SQUAD WEAPON.
    (a) Strategy Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall develop and 
implement a competitive procurement strategy to identify, test, 
qualify, and procure components and accessories for the next generation 
squad weapon of the Army, including magazines, that are capable of 
improving the performance of such weapon, with an emphasis on the 
procurement of--
        (1) commercially available off-the-shelf items;
        (2) nondevelopmental items; and
        (3) components and accessories previously developed by the Army 
    that may be used for such weapon.
    (b) Market Survey.--Upon receipt of the initial operational test 
and evaluation report for the next generation squad weapon, the 
Secretary of the Army shall initiate a market survey to identify 
components and accessories for the weapon that meet the criteria 
described in subsection (a).
    (c) Authorization.--After completing the market survey under 
subsection (b), the Secretary of the Army may enter into one or more 
contracts for the procurement of components and accessories for the 
next generation squad weapon that meet the criteria described in 
subsection (a).
    (d) Information to Congress.--Not later than one year after 
receiving the initial operational test and evaluation report for the 
next generation squad weapon, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that includes--
        (1) the competitive acquisition strategy developed under 
    subsection (a), including timelines for the fielding of components 
    and accessories for such weapon that--
            (A) are commercially available off-the-shelf items or 
        nondevelopmental items; and
            (B) are capable of improving the performance of such 
        weapon;
        (2) an assessment of the mean rounds between stoppage and mean 
    rounds between failure of the next generation squad weapon, 
    including a comparison of--
            (A) the mean rounds between stoppage and mean rounds 
        between failure of such weapon; and
            (B) the mean rounds between stoppage and mean rounds 
        between failure of currently fielded weapons;
        (3) an explanation of whether any items identified in the 
    market survey conducted under subsection (b) demonstrate the 
    ability to increase the mean rounds between stoppage or the mean 
    rounds between failure of the next generation squad weapon; and
        (4) a plan to increase the mean rounds between stoppage and 
    mean rounds between failure of the next generation squad weapon.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``commercially available off-the-shelf items'' has 
    the meaning given that term in section 104 of title 41, United 
    States Code.
        (2) The term ``nondevelopmental items'' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 110 of title 41, United States Code.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

    SEC. 121. EXTENSION OF PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN AMPHIBIOUS 
      SHIPBUILDING PROGRAMS.
    Section 124(a)(1) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is 
amended by striking ``fiscal year 2021'' and inserting ``fiscal years 
2021 and 2022''.
    SEC. 122. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
      NAVY PORT WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.
    Section 130(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1665), as most 
recently amended by section 127 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 
116-283), is further amended by striking ``for fiscal years 2019, 2020, 
or 2021'' and inserting ``for fiscal years 2019, 2020, 2021, or 2022''.
    SEC. 123. EXTENSION OF REPORT ON LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP MISSION 
      PACKAGES.
    Section 123(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2030) is amended by 
striking ``fiscal year 2022'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2027''.
    SEC. 124. INCORPORATION OF ADVANCED DEGAUSSING SYSTEMS INTO ARLEIGH 
      BURKE CLASS DESTROYERS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that an 
advanced degaussing system is incorporated into any Arleigh Burke class 
destroyer procured in fiscal year 2025 or any subsequent fiscal year 
pursuant to a covered contract.
    (b) Covered Contract Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
contract'' means an annual or multiyear contract for the procurement of 
an Arleigh Burke class destroyer that is entered into by the Secretary 
of the Navy on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 125. REPORT ON THE POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF A MULTIYEAR CONTRACT 
      FOR THE PROCUREMENT OF FLIGHT III ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS DESTROYERS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2022, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
the potential benefits of a multiyear contract for the period of fiscal 
years 2023 through 2027 for the procurement of Flight III Arleigh Burke 
class destroyers in the quantities specified in subsection (c).
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
preliminary findings, and the basis for such findings, of the Secretary 
with respect to whether--
        (1) the use of a contract described in such subsection could 
    result in significant savings compared to the total anticipated 
    costs of carrying out the program through annual contracts;
        (2) the minimum need for the destroyers described in such 
    subsection to be purchased is expected to remain substantially 
    unchanged during the contemplated contract period in terms of 
    production rate, procurement rate, and total quantities;
        (3) there is a reasonable expectation that throughout the 
    contemplated contract period the Secretary of Defense will request 
    funding for the contract at the level required to avoid contract 
    cancellation;
        (4) there is a stable design for the destroyers to be acquired 
    and that the technical risks associated with such property are not 
    excessive;
        (5) the estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
    anticipated cost avoidance through the use of a multiyear contract 
    are realistic;
        (6) the use of such a contract will promote the national 
    security of the United States; and
        (7) a decision not to use such a contract will affect the 
    industrial base and, if so, the nature of such effects.
    (c) Evaluation by Quantity.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall evaluate the potential of procuring each of the following 
quantities of Flight III Arleigh Burke-class destroyers over the period 
described in such subsection:
        (1) 10.
        (2) 12.
        (3) 15.
        (4) Any other quantities the Secretary of the Navy considers 
    appropriate.
    SEC. 126. ACQUISITION, MODERNIZATION, AND SUSTAINMENT PLAN FOR 
      CARRIER AIR WINGS.
    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than April 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 15-year 
acquisition, modernization, and sustainment plan for the carrier air 
wings of the Navy.
    (b) Elements.--The plan required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1)(A) An assessment of whether and to what extent the 
    capabilities, capacity, and composition of the carrier air wings in 
    existence as of the date of plan meet the requirements of the 
    National Defense Strategy; and
        (B) a plan to address any known shortfalls of such carrier 
    wings, including shortfalls with respect to aerial refueling 
    aircraft capacity and strike-fighter combat radius.
        (2) An operational risk assessment and risk mitigation plan 
    regarding the nine carrier air wings that, as of the date of the 
    plan, support combatant commander steady-state peacetime and 
    potential major contingency requirements.
        (3) An explanation of when the Secretary of the Navy will field 
    a minimum of 10 carrier air wings in accordance with section 
    8062(e) of title 10, United States Code.
        (4) An identification and explanation of the role of autonomous 
    and remotely-piloted aircraft, including the MQ-25 aircraft, and 
    other potential capabilities and platforms planned to be fielded in 
    future carrier air wings.
        (5) A detailed deck and hangar space plan that supports 
    realistic peacetime steady-state or contingency surge level fixed-
    wing aircraft and rotorcraft preparation activities, flight 
    operations, and onboard unit-level maintenance, repair, and 
    sustainment activities for future carrier air wings.
        (6) An appropriate modernization plan to maximize operational 
    use of platforms in existence as of the date of the plan, 
    particularly the EA-18G aircraft and the E-2D aircraft, by 
    leveraging available technologies such as Next Generation Jammer.
        (7) An identification of the logistics supply chain support and 
    modernization plan required during peacetime steady-state and 
    contingency operations for future carrier air wings, particularly 
    as it relates to implementing the organic C-130 and C-40 logistics 
    tethering strategy.
        (8) A detailed explanation for the Secretary of the Navy's 
    decision to modify carrier air wing composition to one squadron of 
    14 F-35C aircraft instead of the originally planned two squadrons 
    of 10 F-35C aircraft.
    SEC. 127. REPORT ON MATERIAL READINESS OF VIRGINIA CLASS SUBMARINES 
      OF THE NAVY.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the material readiness of 
the Virginia class submarines.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) An assessment of the number of components and parts that 
    have required replacement prior to the end of their estimated 
    useful life or scheduled replacement timeline, including efforts to 
    increase the reliability of ``life of ship'' components.
        (2) An assessment of the extent to which part and material 
    shortages have impacted deployment and maintenance availability 
    schedules, including an estimate of the number of active part 
    cannibalizations or other actions taken to mitigate those impacts.
        (3) An identification of the planned lead time to obtain key 
    material for Virginia class submarines from shipbuilders and 
    vendors.
        (4) An identification of the actual lead time to obtain such 
    material from shipbuilders and vendors.
        (5) An identification of the cost increases of key components 
    and parts for new construction and maintenance availabilities above 
    planned material costs.
        (6) An assessment of potential courses of action to improve the 
    material readiness of the Virginia class submarines, including 
    efforts to align new construction shipyards with maintenance 
    shipyards and Naval Sea Systems Command to increase predictability 
    of materials and purchasing power.
        (7) Such recommendations as the Secretary may have for 
    legislative changes, authorities, realignments, and administrative 
    actions, including reforms of the Federal Acquisition Regulation, 
    to improve the material readiness of the Virginia class submarines.
        (8) Such other elements as the Secretary considers appropriate.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

    SEC. 131. EXTENSION OF INVENTORY REQUIREMENT FOR AIR FORCE FIGHTER 
      AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Extension of Inventory Requirement.--Section 9062(i)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``October 1, 
2022'' and inserting ``October 1, 2026''.
    (b) Reports on Retirement of Air Force Fighter Aircraft.--Section 
131 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
(Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1314; 10 U.S.C. 9062 note) is amended--
        (1) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) Report on Retirement of Aircraft.--
        ``(1) In general.--Beginning with fiscal year 2023, for any 
    fiscal year in which the Secretary of the Air Force expects the 
    total aircraft inventory of fighter aircraft of the Air Force or 
    the total primary mission aircraft inventory of fighter aircraft of 
    the Air Force to decrease below the levels specified in section 
    9062(i)(1) of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the 
    Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report setting forth the following:
            ``(A) A detailed rationale for the retirement of existing 
        fighter aircraft and a detailed operational analysis of the 
        portfolio of capabilities of the Air Force that demonstrates 
        performance of the designated mission at an equal or greater 
        level of effectiveness as the retiring aircraft.
            ``(B) An assessment of the implications for the Air Force, 
        the Air National Guard, and the Air Force Reserve of the force 
        mix ratio of fighter aircraft and how existing aircraft 
        inventory levels and unit personnel levels for the active and 
        reserve components are proposed to change during the fiscal 
        year in which fighter aircraft will be retired.
            ``(C) A detailed assessment of the current operational risk 
        and the operational risk that will be incurred for meeting--
                ``(i) the requirements of the National Defense Strategy 
            and combatant commanders; and
                ``(ii) operational plans for major contingency 
            operations and steady-state or rotational operations.
            ``(D) Such other matters relating to the retirement of 
        fighter aircraft as the Secretary considers appropriate.
        ``(2) Timing of report.--Each report required under paragraph 
    (1) shall be included in the materials submitted in support of the 
    budget of the President (as submitted to Congress under section 
    1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) for the fiscal year in 
    which applicable decrease in fighter aircraft inventory levels is 
    expected to occur.'';
        (2) by striking subsection (c); and
        (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
    SEC. 132. CONTRACT FOR LOGISTICS SUPPORT FOR VC-25B AIRCRAFT.
    Section 143 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1668) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, unless otherwise approved 
    in accordance with established procedures''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``such'' before ``logistics 
    support contract''.
    SEC. 133. PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN REDUCTIONS TO B-1 BOMBER AIRCRAFT 
      SQUADRONS.
    (a) Prohibition.--During the covered period, the Secretary of the 
Air Force may not--
        (1) modify the designed operational capability statement for 
    any B-1 bomber aircraft squadron, as in effect on the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, in a manner that would reduce the 
    capabilities of such a squadron below the levels specified in such 
    statement as in effect on such date; or
        (2) reduce, below the levels in effect on such date of 
    enactment, the number of personnel assigned to units responsible 
    for the operation and maintenance of B-1 aircraft if such reduction 
    would affect the ability of such units to meet the capability 
    described in paragraph (1).
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition under subsection (a) shall not 
apply to an individual unit for which the Secretary of the Air Force 
has commenced the process of replacing B-1 bomber aircraft with B-21 
bomber aircraft.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered period'' means the period beginning on 
    the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on September 30, 
    2023.
        (2) The term ``designed operational capability statement'' has 
    the meaning given that term in Air Force Instruction 10-201.
    SEC. 134. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF A-10 
      AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Prohibition.--Notwithstanding sections 134 and 135 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328; 130 Stat. 2037), and except as provided in subsection (b), 
none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act for fiscal 
year 2022 for the Air Force may be obligated to retire, prepare to 
retire, or place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status any 
A-10 aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--
        (1) In general.--The limitation under subsection (a) shall not 
    apply to an individual A-10 aircraft that the Secretary of the Air 
    Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission 
    capable because of a Class A mishap.
        (2) Certification required.--If the Secretary determines under 
    paragraph (1) that an aircraft is no longer mission capable, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    certification that the status of such aircraft is due to a Class A 
    mishap and not due to lack of maintenance or repairs or other 
    reasons.
        (3) Certification additional.--Any certification submitted 
    under paragraph (2) shall be in addition to the notification and 
    certification required by section 135(b) of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
    Stat. 2039).
    SEC. 135. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE B-52 
      COMMERCIAL ENGINE REPLACEMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2022 for the research 
and development, design, procurement, or advanced procurement of 
materials for the B-52 Commercial Engine Replacement Program, not more 
than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which 
the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees the report described in section 2432 of title 10, United 
States Code, for the most recently concluded fiscal quarter for the B-
52 Commercial Engine Replacement Program in accordance with subsection 
(b)(1).
    (b) Additional Requirements.--
        (1) Treatment of baseline estimate.--The Secretary of Defense 
    shall deem the Baseline Estimate for the B-52 Commercial Engine 
    Replacement Program for fiscal year 2020 as the original Baseline 
    Estimate for the Program.
        (2) Unit cost reports and critical cost growth.--
            (A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall carry 
        out sections 2433 and 2433a of title 10, United States Code, 
        with respect to the B-52 Commercial Engine Replacement Program, 
        as if the Department had submitted a Selected Acquisition 
        Report for the Program that included the Baseline Estimate for 
        the Program for fiscal year 2020 as the original Baseline 
        Estimate, except that the Secretary shall not carry out 
        subparagraph (B) or subparagraph (C) of section 2433a(c)(1) of 
        such title with respect to the Program.
            (B) In carrying out the review required by section 2433a of 
        such title, the Secretary shall not enter into a transaction 
        under section 2371 or 2371b of such title, exercise an option 
        under such a transaction, or otherwise extend such a 
        transaction with respect to the B-52 Commercial Engine 
        Replacement Program except to the extent determined necessary 
        by the milestone decision authority, on a non-delegable basis, 
        to ensure that the program can be restructured as intended by 
        the Secretary without unnecessarily wasting resources.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``Baseline Estimate'' has the meaning given the 
    term in section 2433(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The term ``milestone decision authority'' has the meaning 
    given the term in section 2366b(g)(3) of title 10, United States 
    Code.
        (3) The term ``original Baseline Estimate'' has the meaning 
    given the term in section 2435(d)(1) of title 10, United States 
    Code.
        (4) The term ``Selected Acquisition Report'' means a Selected 
    Acquisition Report submitted to Congress under section 2432 of 
    title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 136. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING INFORMATION 
      ON BRIDGE TANKER AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2022 for the Office of 
the Secretary of the Air Force for travel expenses, not more than 
thirty-five percent may be obligated or expended until--
        (1) the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff submits to 
    the congressional defense committees a report outlining the 
    requirements for the bridge tanker aircraft; and
        (2) the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the congressional 
    defense committees--
            (A) a report detailing the acquisition strategy for the 
        bridge tanker aircraft;
            (B) a certification identifying the amount of funds 
        required for the acquisition of the bridge tanker aircraft; and
            (C) a plan for the development of the advanced aerial 
        refueling tanker aircraft (commonly referred to as the ``KC-
        Z'').
    (b) Bridge Tanker Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term 
``bridge tanker aircraft'' means the follow-on tanker aircraft 
(commonly referred to as the ``KC-Y'').
    SEC. 137. INVENTORY REQUIREMENTS AND LIMITATIONS RELATING TO 
      CERTAIN AIR REFUELING TANKER AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Repeal of Minimum Inventory Requirements for KC-10A Aircraft.--
Section 135 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (b);
        (2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (f) as subsections 
    (b) through (e), respectively;
        (3) in subsection (b), as so redesignated, by striking 
    ``subsection (e)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)''; and
        (4) by amending subsection (d), as so redesignated, to read as 
    follows:
    ``(d) Exceptions.--The requirement in subsection (b) shall not 
apply to an aircraft otherwise required to be maintained by that 
subsection if the Secretary of the Air Force--
        ``(1) at any time during the period beginning on the date of 
    the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2023, 
    determines, on a case-by-case basis, that such aircraft is no 
    longer mission capable due to mishap or other damage, or being 
    uneconomical to repair; or
        ``(2) during fiscal year 2023, certifies in writing to the 
    congressional defense committees, not later than 30 days before the 
    date of divestment of such aircraft, that the Air Force can meet 
    combatant command tanker aircraft requirements by leveraging Air 
    National Guard and Air Force Reserve capacity with increased 
    Military Personnel Appropriation (MPA) Man-day Tours to the reserve 
    force.''.
    (b) Limitation on Retirement of KC-135 Aircraft.--
        (1) Limitation.--Notwithstanding section 135 of the William M. 
    (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2021 (Public Law 116-283) and except as provided in paragraph (2), 
    the Secretary of the Air Force may not retire more than 18 KC-135 
    aircraft during the period beginning on the date of the enactment 
    of this Act and ending on October 1, 2023.
        (2) Exception.--The limitation in paragraph (1) shall not apply 
    to individual KC-135 aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
    determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission 
    capable because of mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to 
    repair.
    (c) Prohibition on Reduction of KC-135 Aircraft in PMAI of the 
Reserve Components.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2022 for the Air 
Force may be obligated or expended to reduce the number of KC-135 
aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory within the 
reserve components of the Air Force.
    (d) Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``primary mission aircraft inventory'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 9062(i)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 138. MINIMUM INVENTORY OF TACTICAL AIRLIFT AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Minimum Inventory Requirement.--During the covered period, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a total inventory of tactical 
airlift aircraft of not less than 279 aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The Secretary of the Air Force may reduce the 
number of tactical airlift aircraft in the Air Force below the minimum 
number specified in subsection (a) if the Secretary determines, on a 
case-by-case basis, that an aircraft is no longer mission capable 
because of a mishap or other damage.
    (c) Covered Period Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
period'' means the period--
        (1) beginning on October 1, 2021; and
        (2) ending on the later of--
            (A) October 1, 2022; or
            (B) the date of the enactment of the next National Defense 
        Authorization Act enacted after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act.
    SEC. 139. REPORT RELATING TO REDUCTION OF TOTAL NUMBER OF TACTICAL 
      AIRLIFT AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on any plans of the Air 
Force to reduce the total number of tactical airlift aircraft in the 
inventory of the Air Force.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to any plan of the Air Force to reduce the total 
number of tactical airlift aircraft--
        (1) the justification for such reduction;
        (2) an explanation of whether and to what extent domestic 
    operations was considered as part of such justification;
        (3) analysis of the role of domestic operations during 
    concurrent contingency operations;
        (4) analysis of the C-130 aircraft force structures recommended 
    to support wartime mobility requirements as set forth in--
            (A) the mobility capability and requirements study 
        conducted under section 144(b) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 
        Stat. 1321); and
            (B) the mobility capability requirements study conducted 
        under section 1712 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1803);
        (5) the Secretary's justification for any increased risk that 
    may result from accepting a C-130 aircraft force structure smaller 
    than the force structure recommended by such studies; and
        (6) an explanation of whether and to what extent Governors of 
    States that may be affected by the planned reduction were consulted 
    as part of the decision making process.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

    SEC. 141. IMPLEMENTATION OF AFFORDABILITY, OPERATIONAL, AND 
      SUSTAINMENT COST CONSTRAINTS FOR THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.
    (a) F-35A Quantity Limit for the Air Force.--
        (1) Limitation.--Beginning on October 1, 2028, the total number 
    of F-35A aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force may maintain 
    in the aircraft inventory of the Air Force may not exceed the 
    lesser of--
            (A) 1,763; or
            (B) the number obtained by--
                (i) multiplying 1,763 by the cost-per-tail factor 
            determined under paragraph (2); and
                (ii) rounding the product of the calculation under 
            clause (i) to the nearest whole number.
        (2) Cost-per-tail factor.--For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), 
    the cost-per-tail factor is equal to--
            (A) the affordability cost target for F-35A aircraft of the 
        Air Force (as determined by the Secretary of the Air Force in 
        accordance with subsection (e)), divided by
            (B) a number equal to the average cost-per-tail-per-year of 
        the F-35A aircraft of the Air Force during fiscal year 2027 (as 
        determined by the Secretary of the Air Force in accordance with 
        subsection (f)).
    (b) F-35B Quantity Limit for the Marine Corps.--
        (1) Limitation.--Beginning on October 1, 2028, the total number 
    of F-35B aircraft that the Secretary of the Navy may maintain in 
    the aircraft inventory of the Marine Corps may not exceed the 
    lesser of--
            (A) 353; or
            (B) the number obtained by--
                (i) multiplying 353 by the cost-per-tail factor 
            determined under paragraph (2); and
                (ii) rounding the product of the calculation under 
            clause (i) to the nearest whole number.
        (2) Cost-per-tail factor.--For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), 
    the cost-per-tail factor is equal to--
            (A) the affordability cost target for F-35B aircraft of the 
        Marine Corps (as determined by the Secretary of the Navy in 
        accordance with subsection (e)), divided by
            (B) a number equal to the average cost-per-tail-per-year of 
        the F-35B aircraft of the Marine Corps during fiscal year 2027 
        (as determined by the Secretary of the Navy in accordance with 
        subsection (f)).
    (c) F-35C Quantity Limit for the Navy.--
        (1) Limitation.--Beginning on October 1, 2028, the total number 
    of F-35C aircraft that the Secretary of the Navy may maintain in 
    the aircraft inventory of the Navy may not exceed the lesser of--
            (A) 273; or
            (B) the number obtained by--
                (i) multiplying 273 by the cost-per-tail factor 
            determined under paragraph (2); and
                (ii) rounding the product of the calculation under 
            clause (i) to the nearest whole number.
        (2) Cost-per-tail factor.--For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), 
    the cost-per-tail factor is equal to--
            (A) the affordability cost target for F-35C aircraft of the 
        Navy (as determined by the Secretary of the Navy in accordance 
        with subsection (e)), divided by
            (B) a number equal to the average cost-per-tail-per-year of 
        the F-35C aircraft of the Navy during fiscal year 2027 (as 
        determined by the Secretary of the Navy in accordance with 
        subsection (f)).
    (d) F-35C Quantity Limit for the Marine Corps.--
        (1) Limitation.--Beginning on October 1, 2028, the total number 
    of F-35C aircraft that the Secretary of the Navy may maintain in 
    the aircraft inventory of the Marine Corps may not exceed the 
    lesser of--
            (A) 67; or
            (B) the number obtained by--
                (i) multiplying 67 by the cost-per-tail factor 
            determined under paragraph (2); and
                (ii) rounding the product of the calculation under 
            clause (i) to the nearest whole number.
        (2) Cost-per-tail factor.--For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), 
    the cost-per-tail factor is equal to--
            (A) the affordability cost target for F-35C aircraft of the 
        Marine Corps (as determined by the Secretary of the Navy in 
        accordance with subsection (e)), divided by
            (B) a number equal to the average cost-per-tail-per-year of 
        the F-35C aircraft of the Marine Corps during fiscal year 2027 
        (as determined by the Secretary of the Navy in accordance with 
        subsection (f)).
    (e) Determination of Required Affordability Cost Targets.--
        (1) Air force.--Not later than October 1, 2025, the Secretary 
    of the Air Force shall--
            (A) determine an affordability cost target to be used for 
        purposes of subsection (a)(2)(A), which shall be the dollar 
        amount the Secretary determines to represent the required cost-
        per-tail-per-year for an F-35A aircraft of the Air force for 
        fiscal year 2027; and
            (B) submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        certification identifying the affordability cost target 
        determined under subparagraph (A).
        (2) Navy and marine corps.--Not later than October 1, 2025, the 
    Secretary of the Navy shall--
            (A) determine an affordability cost target to be used for 
        purposes of subsection (b)(2)(A), which shall be the dollar 
        amount the Secretary determines to represent the required cost-
        per-tail-per-year for an F-35B aircraft of the Marine Corps for 
        fiscal year 2027;
            (B) determine an affordability cost target to be used for 
        purposes of subsection (c)(2)(A), which shall be the dollar 
        amount the Secretary determines to represent the required cost-
        per-tail-per-year for an F-35C aircraft of the Navy for fiscal 
        year 2027;
            (C) determine an affordability cost target to be used for 
        purposes of subsection (d)(2)(A), which shall be the dollar 
        amount the Secretary determines to represent the required cost-
        per-tail-per-year for an F-35C aircraft of the Marine Corps for 
        fiscal year 2027; and
            (D) submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        certification identifying each affordability cost target 
        determined under subparagraphs (A) through (C).
    (f) Determination of Actual Cost-per-tail-per-year for Fiscal Year 
2027.----
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the end of fiscal 
    year 2027--
            (A) the Secretary of the Air Force shall determine the 
        average cost-per-tail of the F-35A aircraft of the Air Force 
        during fiscal year 2027; and
            (B) the Secretary of the Navy shall determine the average 
        cost-per-tail of--
                (i) the F-35B aircraft of the Marine Corps during 
            fiscal year 2027;
                (ii) the F-35C aircraft of the Navy during fiscal year 
            2027; and
                (iii) the F-35C aircraft of the Marine Corps during 
            fiscal year 2027.
        (2) Calculation.--For purposes of paragraph (1), the average 
    cost-per-tail of a variant of an F-35 aircraft of an Armed Force 
    shall be determined by--
            (A) adding the total amount expended for fiscal year 2027 
        (in base year fiscal 2012 dollars) for all such aircraft in the 
        inventory of the Armed Force for--
                (i) unit level manpower;
                (ii) unit operations;
                (iii) maintenance;
                (iv) sustaining support;
                (v) continuing system support; and
                (vi) modifications; and
            (B) dividing the sum obtained under subparagraph (A) by the 
        average number of such aircraft in the inventory of the Armed 
        Force during such fiscal year.
    (g) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
quantity limits under any of subsections (a) through (d) if, prior to 
issuing such a waiver, the Secretary certifies to the congressional 
defense committees that procuring additional quantities of a variant of 
an F-35 aircraft above the applicable quantity limit are required to 
meet the national military strategy requirements of the combatant 
commanders. The authority of the Secretary under this subsection may 
not be delegated.
    (h) Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term ``aircraft'' means 
aircraft owned and operated by an Armed Force of the United States and 
does not include aircraft owned or operated by an armed force of a 
foreign country.
    SEC. 142. TRANSFER OF F-35 PROGRAM RESPONSIBILITIES FROM THE F-35 
      JOINT PROGRAM OFFICE TO THE DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AND THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY.
    (a) Transfer of Functions.--
        (1) Sustainment functions.--Not later than October 1, 2027, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall transfer all functions relating to the 
    management, planning, and execution of sustainment activities for 
    the F-35 aircraft program from the F-35 Joint Program Office to the 
    Secretary of the Air Force and the Secretary of the Navy as 
    follows:
            (A) All functions of the F-35 Joint Program Office relating 
        to the management, planning, and execution of sustainment 
        activities for F-35B and F-35C aircraft shall be transferred to 
        the Department of the Navy, and the Secretary of the Navy shall 
        be the official in the Department of Defense with principal 
        responsibility for carrying out such functions.
            (B) All functions of the F-35 Joint Program Office relating 
        to the management, planning, and execution of sustainment 
        activities for F-35A aircraft shall be transferred to the 
        Department of the Air Force, and the Secretary of the Air Force 
        shall be the official in the Department of Defense with 
        principal responsibility for carrying out such functions.
        (2) Acquisition functions.--Not later than October 1, 2029, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall transfer all acquisition functions for 
    the F-35 aircraft program from the F-35 Joint Program Office to the 
    Secretary of the Air Force and the Secretary of the Navy as 
    follows:
            (A) All functions of the F-35 Joint Program Office relating 
        to the acquisition of F-35B and F-35C aircraft shall be 
        transferred to the Department of the Navy, and the Secretary of 
        the Navy shall be the official in the Department of Defense 
        with principal responsibility for carrying out such functions.
            (B) All functions of the F-35 Joint Program Office relating 
        to the acquisition of F-35A aircraft shall be transferred to 
        the Department of the Air Force, and the Secretary of the Air 
        Force shall be the official in the Department of Defense with 
        principal responsibility for carrying out such functions.
    (b) Transition Plan.--Not later than October 1, 2022, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in coordination 
with the Secretary of the Air Force and the Secretary of the Navy, 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for 
carrying out the transfers required under subsection (a).
    SEC. 143. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR AIR-BASED AND 
      SPACE-BASED GROUND MOVING TARGET INDICATOR CAPABILITIES.
    (a) Review of Redundancies.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
a review of all established and planned efforts to provide air-based 
and space-based ground moving target indicator capability to identify, 
eliminate, and prevent redundancies of such efforts across the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2022 for the capability 
described in subsection (a), not more than 75 percent may be obligated 
or expended for procurement or research and development for such 
capability until the date on which the Vice Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff submits to the congressional defense committees the 
information required under subsection (c).
    (c) Information Required.--The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments 
and the heads of such other agencies as the Secretary of Defense 
considers relevant to the ground moving target indicator capability 
described in subsection (a), shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees the following:
        (1) A list of all procurement and research and development 
    efforts relating to the capability that are funded by--
            (A) the Department of Defense; or
            (B) any other department or agency of the Federal 
        Government.
        (2) A description of how the efforts described in paragraph (1) 
    will--
            (A) provide real-time information to relevant military end 
        users through the use of air battle managers; and
            (B) meet the needs of combatant commanders with respect to 
        priority target tasking.
        (3) Analysis of whether, and to what extent, the efforts 
    described in paragraph (1) comply with--
            (A) the joint all domain command and control requirements 
        and standards of the Department; and
            (B) the validated requirements of the Joint Requirements 
        Oversight Council with respect to ground moving target 
        indicator capabilities.
        (4) Identification of any potential areas of overlap among the 
    efforts described in paragraph (1).
    SEC. 144. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR PROCUREMENT OF 
      AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS FOR THE ARMED OVERWATCH PROGRAM.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2022 for the Department of 
Defense for the procurement of aircraft systems for the armed overwatch 
program of the United States Special Operations Command may be 
obligated or expended until a period of 15 days has elapsed following 
the date on which the acquisition roadmap required by section 165(a) of 
the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is submitted to the congressional 
defense committees.
    SEC. 145. ANALYSIS OF CERTAIN RADAR INVESTMENT OPTIONS.
    (a) Analysis Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
    Evaluation shall conduct an analysis of covered radar systems 
    operating in the Navy and the Missile Defense Agency over the 
    period covered by the most recent future-years defense program 
    submitted to Congress under section 221 of title 10, United States 
    Code.
        (2) Elements.--The analysis conducted under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) An independent cost estimate of each covered radar 
        system described in paragraph (1) and each variant thereof.
            (B) An assessment of the capability provided by each such 
        system and variant to address current and future air and 
        missile defense threats.
            (C) In the case of covered radar systems operating in the 
        Navy, an assessment of the capability and technical suitability 
        of each planned configuration for such systems to support 
        current and future distributed maritime operations in contested 
        environments.
    (b) Report.--Not later than May 1, 2022, the Director of Cost 
Assessment and Program Evaluation shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report that includes the following:
        (1) The results of the analysis conducted under subsection 
    (a)(1).
        (2) Such recommendations as the Director may have to achieve 
    greater capability, affordability, and sustainability across 
    covered radar systems described in subsection (a)(1), including 
    variants thereof, during fiscal years 2022 through 2027, including 
    whether--
            (A) to continue to develop and maintain each covered radar 
        system separately; or
            (B) to pursue fewer configurations of such systems.
    (c) Covered Radar Systems Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered radar systems'' means radar systems with the following 
designations an any variants thereof:
        (1) AN/SPY-1.
        (2) AN/SPY-3.
        (3) AN/SPY-6.
        (4) AN/SPY-7.
    SEC. 146. REVIEW AND BRIEFING ON FIELDED MAJOR WEAPON SYSTEMS.
    (a) Review and Briefing Required.--Not later than March 1, 2023, 
the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a review, and provide a briefing 
to the congressional defense committees, on the processes of the 
Department of Defense for the management of strategic risk with respect 
to capabilities of fielded major weapon systems funded in the most 
recent future-years defense program submitted to Congress under section 
221 of title 10, United States Code, including a description of the 
analytical and implementation methodologies used--
        (1) to ensure that fielded major weapon systems meet current 
    and emerging military threats;
        (2) to upgrade or replace any fielded major weapon systems that 
    is not capable of effectively meeting operational requirements or 
    current, evolving, or emerging threats; and
        (3) to develop and implement plans for the replacement and 
    divestment of fielded major weapon systems that address lower-
    priority military threats, as determined by intelligence 
    assessments and operational requirements.
    (b) Major Weapon System Defined.--In this section, the term ``major 
weapon system'' has the meaning given such term under section 2379(f) 
of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 147. REPORTS ON EXERCISE OF WAIVER AUTHORITY WITH RESPECT TO 
      CERTAIN AIRCRAFT EJECTION SEATS.
    Not later than February 1, 2022, and on a semiannual basis 
thereafter through February 1, 2024, the Secretary of the Air Force and 
the Secretary of the Navy shall each submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report that includes, with respect to each 
location at which active flying operations are conducted or planned as 
of the date report--
        (1) the number of aircrew ejection seats installed in the 
    aircraft used, or expected to be used, at such location;
        (2) of the ejection seats identified under paragraph (1), the 
    number that have been, or are expected to be, placed in service 
    subject to a waiver due to--
            (A) deferred maintenance; or
            (B) the inability to obtain parts to make repairs or to 
        fulfill time-compliance technical orders; and
        (3) for each ejection seat subject to a waiver as described in 
    paragraph (2)--
            (A) the date on which the waiver was issued; and
            (B) the name and title of the official who authorized the 
        waiver.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Codification of National Defense Science and Technology 
          Strategy.
Sec. 212. Codification of direct hire authority at personnel 
          demonstration laboratories for advanced degree holders.
Sec. 213. Duties and regional activities of the Defense Innovation Unit.
Sec. 214. Codification of requirement for Defense Established Program to 
          Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 215. Codification of authorities relating to Department of Defense 
          science and technology reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 216. Improvements relating to steering committee on emerging 
          technology and national security threats.
Sec. 217. Improvements relating to national network for microelectronics 
          research and development.
Sec. 218. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical 
          talent and expertise at academic institutions to support 
          Department of Defense missions.
Sec. 219. Technical correction to pilot program for the enhancement of 
          the research, development, test, and evaluation centers of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 220. Defense research and engineering activities at minority 
          institutions.
Sec. 221. Test program for engineering plant of DDG(X) destroyer 
          vessels.
Sec. 222. Consortium to study irregular warfare.
Sec. 223. Development and implementation of digital technologies for 
          survivability and lethality testing.
Sec. 224. Assessment and correction of deficiencies in the pilot 
          breathing systems of tactical fighter aircraft.
Sec. 225. Identification of the hypersonics facilities and capabilities 
          of the Major Range and Test Facility Base.
Sec. 226. Review of artificial intelligence applications and 
          establishment of performance metrics.
Sec. 227. Modification of the joint common foundation program.
Sec. 228. Executive education on emerging technologies for senior 
          civilian and military leaders.
Sec. 229. Activities to accelerate development and deployment of dual-
          use quantum technologies.
Sec. 230. National Guard participation in microreactor testing and 
          evaluation.
Sec. 231. Pilot program on the use of private sector partnerships to 
          promote technology transition.
Sec. 232. Pilot program on data repositories to facilitate the 
          development of artificial intelligence capabilities for the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 233. Pilot programs for deployment of telecommunications 
          infrastructure to facilitate 5G deployment on military 
          installations.
Sec. 234. Limitation on development of prototypes for the Optionally 
          Manned Fighting Vehicle pending requirements analysis.
Sec. 235. Limitation on transfer of certain operational flight test 
          events and reductions in operational flight test capacity.
Sec. 236. Limitation on availability of funds for certain C-130 
          aircraft.
Sec. 237. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft 
          program pending submission of documentation.
Sec. 238. Limitation on availability of funds for the High Accuracy 
          Detection and Exploitation System.

              Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 241. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational 
          Test and Evaluation.
Sec. 242. Adaptive engine transition program acquisition strategy for 
          the F-35A aircraft.
Sec. 243. Acquisition strategy for an advanced propulsion system for F-
          35B and F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 244. Assessment of the development and test enterprise of the Air 
          Force Research Laboratory.
Sec. 245. Study on efficient use of Department of Defense test and 
          evaluation organizations, facilities, and laboratories.
Sec. 246. Report on autonomy integration in major weapon systems.
Sec. 247. Reports and briefings on recommendations of the National 
          Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence regarding the 
          Department of Defense.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2022 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

    SEC. 211. CODIFICATION OF NATIONAL DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
      STRATEGY.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 1081 of this Act, is further amended by inserting 
before section 119, the following new section:
``Sec. 118c. National Defense Science and Technology Strategy
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
strategy--
        ``(1) to articulate the science and technology priorities, 
    goals, and investments of the Department of Defense;
        ``(2) to make recommendations on the future of the defense 
    research and engineering enterprise and its continued success in an 
    era of strategic competition; and
        ``(3) to establish an integrated approach to the 
    identification, prioritization, development, and fielding of 
    emerging capabilities and technologies.
    ``(b) Elements.--The strategy required under subsection (a) shall--
        ``(1) inform the development of each National Defense Strategy 
    under section 113(g) of this title and be aligned with Government-
    wide strategic science and technology priorities, including the 
    defense budget priorities of the Office of Science and Technology 
    Policy of the President;
        ``(2) link the priorities, goals, and investments in subsection 
    (a)(1) with needed critical enablers to specific programs, or 
    broader portfolios, including--
            ``(A) personnel and workforce capabilities;
            ``(B) facilities for research and test infrastructure;
            ``(C) relationships with academia, the acquisition 
        community, the operational community, the defense industry, and 
        the commercial sector; and
            ``(D) funding, investments, personnel, facilities, and 
        relationships with other departments and agencies of the 
        Federal Government outside the Department of Defense without 
        which defense capabilities would be severely degraded;
        ``(3) support the coordination of acquisition priorities, 
    programs, and timelines of the Department with the activities of 
    the defense research and engineering enterprise;
        ``(4) include recommendations for changes in authorities, 
    regulations, policies, or any other relevant areas, that would 
    support the achievement of the goals set forth in the strategy;
        ``(5) identify mechanisms that may be used to identify critical 
    capabilities and technological applications required to address 
    operational challenges outlined in the National Defense Strategy 
    under section 113(g) of this title;
        ``(6) identify processes to inform senior leaders and policy 
    makers on the potential impacts of emerging technologies for the 
    purpose of shaping the development of policies and regulations;
        ``(7) support the efficient integration of capabilities and 
    technologies to close near-term, mid-term, and long-term capability 
    gaps;
        ``(8) support the development of appropriate investments in 
    research and technology development within the Department, and 
    appropriate partnerships with the defense industry and commercial 
    industry; and
        ``(9) identify mechanisms to provide information on defense 
    technology priorities to industry to enable industry to invest 
    deliberately in emerging technologies to build and broaden the 
    capabilities of the industrial base.
    ``(c) Coordination.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop the 
strategy under subsection (a) in coordination with relevant entities 
within the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the military 
departments, the research organizations of Defense Agencies and 
Department of Defense Field Activities, the intelligence community, 
defense and technology industry partners, research and development 
partners, other Federal research agencies, allies and partners of the 
United States, and other appropriate organizations.
    ``(d) Considerations.--In developing the strategy under subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Defense shall consider--
        ``(1) the operational challenges identified in the National 
    Defense Strategy and the technological threats and opportunities 
    identified through the global technology review and assessment 
    activities of the Department of Defense, the intelligence 
    community, and other technology partners;
        ``(2) current military requirements and emerging technologies 
    in the defense and commercial sectors;
        ``(3) the capabilities of foreign near-peer and peer nations;
        ``(4) the need to support the development of a robust trusted 
    and assured industrial base to manufacture and sustain the 
    technologies and capabilities to meet defense requirements; and
        ``(5) near-term, mid-term, and long-term technology and 
    capability development goals.
    ``(e) Reports.--
        ``(1) Subsequent reports and updates.--Not later than February 
    1 of the year following each fiscal year in which the National 
    Defense Strategy is submitted under section 113(g) of this title, 
    the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report that includes an updated version of the 
    strategy under subsection (a). Each update to such strategy shall 
    be prepared for purposes of such report based on emerging 
    requirements, technological developments in the United States, and 
    technical intelligence derived from global technology reviews 
    conducted by the Secretary of Defense.
        ``(2) Form of reports.--The reports submitted under paragraph 
    (1) may be submitted in a form determined appropriate by the 
    Secretary of Defense, which may include classified, unclassified, 
    and publicly releasable formats, as appropriate.
    ``(f) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
strategy under subsection (a) is completed, the Secretary of Defense 
shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a briefing on the implementation plan for the 
strategy.
    ``(g) Designation.--The strategy developed under subsection (a) 
shall be known as the `National Defense Science and Technology 
Strategy'.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting before the item relating to 
section 119 the following new item:
``118c. National Defense Science and Technology Strategy.''.

    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 218 of the John S. McCain National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 
Stat. 1679) is repealed.
    (d) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2358b(c)(2)(B)(ii) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 218 of the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1679)'' and inserting ``section 118c of this 
title''.
    SEC. 212. CODIFICATION OF DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY AT PERSONNEL 
      DEMONSTRATION LABORATORIES FOR ADVANCED DEGREE HOLDERS.
    (a) In General.--Section 2358a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection (f):
    ``(f) Direct Hire Authority at Personnel Demonstration Laboratories 
for Advanced Degree Holders.--
        ``(1) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may appoint 
    qualified candidates possessing an advanced degree to positions 
    described in paragraph (2) without regard to the provisions of 
    subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, other than sections 3303 and 
    3328 of such title.
        ``(2) Applicability.--This subsection applies with respect to 
    candidates for scientific and engineering positions within any 
    laboratory designated by section 4121(b) of this title as a 
    Department of Defense science and technology reinvention 
    laboratory.
        ``(3) Limitation.--(A) Authority under this subsection may not, 
    in any calendar year and with respect to any laboratory, be 
    exercised with respect to a number of candidates greater than the 
    number equal to 5 percent of the total number of scientific and 
    engineering positions within such laboratory that are filled as of 
    the close of the fiscal year last ending before the start of such 
    calendar year.
        ``(B) For purposes of this paragraph, positions and candidates 
    shall be counted on a full-time equivalent basis.''.
    (b) Repeal.--Section 1108 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4618 ) is hereby repealed.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 255(b)(5)(B) of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note) 
    is amended by striking ``in section 2358a(f)(3) of'' and inserting 
    ``in section 2358a(g) of''.
        (2) Section 223(d)(3)(C) of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) 
    is amended by striking ``in section 2358a(f) of'' and inserting 
    ``in section 2358a(g) of''.
        (3) Section 249(g)(1)(C) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 
    116-283) is amended by striking ``in section 2358a(f)(3) of'' and 
    inserting ``in section 2358a(g) of''.
    SEC. 213. DUTIES AND REGIONAL ACTIVITIES OF THE DEFENSE INNOVATION 
      UNIT.
    (a) Duties of DIU Joint Reserve Detachment.--Clause (ii) of section 
2358b(c)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
                ``(ii) the technology requirements of the Department of 
            Defense, as identified in the most recent--

                    ``(I) National Defense Strategy;
                    ``(II) National Defense Science and Technology 
                Strategy as directed under section 218 of the John S. 
                McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
                Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1679); and
                    ``(III) relevant policy and guidance from the 
                Secretary of Defense; and''.

    (b) Regional Activities.--Subject to the availability of 
appropriations for such purpose, the Secretary of Defense may expand 
the efforts of the Defense Innovation Unit to engage and collaborate 
with private-sector industry and communities in various regions of the 
United States--
        (1) to accelerate the adoption of commercially developed 
    advanced technology in modernization priority areas and such other 
    key technology areas as may be identified by the Secretary; and
        (2) to expand outreach to communities that do not otherwise 
    have a Defense Innovation Unit presence, including economically 
    disadvantaged communities.
    SEC. 214. CODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR DEFENSE ESTABLISHED 
      PROGRAM TO STIMULATE COMPETITIVE RESEARCH.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 301 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by section 1841 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) and 
amended by this Act, is further amended by inserting after section 4007 
the following new section:
``Sec. 4010. Defense Established Program to Stimulate Competitive 
    Research
    ``(a) Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall 
carry out a Defense Established Program to Stimulate Competitive 
Research (DEPSCoR) as part of the university research programs of the 
Department of Defense.
    ``(b) Program Objectives.--The objectives of the program are as 
follows:
        ``(1) To increase the number of university researchers in 
    eligible States capable of performing science and engineering 
    research responsive to the needs of the Department of Defense.
        ``(2) To enhance the capabilities of institutions of higher 
    education in eligible States to develop, plan, and execute science 
    and engineering research that is relevant to the mission of the 
    Department of Defense and competitive under the peer-review systems 
    used for awarding Federal research assistance.
        ``(3) To increase the probability of long-term growth in the 
    competitively awarded financial assistance that institutions of 
    higher education in eligible States receive from the Federal 
    Government for science and engineering research.
    ``(c) Program Activities.--In order to achieve the program 
objectives, the following activities are authorized under the program:
        ``(1) Competitive award of grants for research and 
    instrumentation to support such research.
        ``(2) Competitive award of financial assistance for graduate 
    students.
        ``(3) To provide assistance to science and engineering 
    researchers at institutions of higher education in eligible States 
    through collaboration between Department of Defense laboratories 
    and such researchers.
        ``(4) Any other activities that are determined necessary to 
    further the achievement of the objectives of the program.
    ``(d) Eligible States.--(1) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering shall designate which States are eligible 
States for the purposes of this section.
    ``(2) The Under Secretary shall designate a State as an eligible 
State if, as determined by the Under Secretary--
        ``(A) the average annual amount of all Department of Defense 
    obligations for science and engineering research and development 
    that were in effect with institutions of higher education in the 
    State for the three fiscal years preceding the fiscal year for 
    which the designation is effective or for the last three fiscal 
    years for which statistics are available is less than the amount 
    determined by multiplying 60 percent times the amount equal to 1/50 
    of the total average annual amount of all Department of Defense 
    obligations for science and engineering research and development 
    that were in effect with institutions of higher education in the 
    United States for such three preceding or last fiscal years, as the 
    case may be; and
        ``(B) the State has demonstrated a commitment to developing 
    research bases in the State and to improving science and 
    engineering research and education programs in areas relevant to 
    the mission of the Department of Defense at institutions of higher 
    education in the State.
    ``(3) The Under Secretary shall not remove a designation of a State 
under paragraph (2) because the State exceeds the funding levels 
specified under subparagraph (A) of such paragraph unless the State has 
exceeded such funding levels for at least two consecutive years.
    ``(e) Coordination With Similar Federal Programs.--(1) The 
Secretary may consult with the Director of the National Science 
Foundation and the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
Policy in the planning, development, and execution of the program and 
may coordinate the program with the Established Program to Stimulate 
Competitive Research conducted by the National Science Foundation and 
with similar programs sponsored by other departments and agencies of 
the Federal Government.
    ``(2) All solicitations under the Defense Established Program to 
Stimulate Competitive Research may be made to, and all awards may be 
made through, the State committees established for purposes of the 
Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research conducted by the 
National Science Foundation.
    ``(3) A State committee referred to in paragraph (2) shall ensure 
that activities carried out in the State of that committee under the 
Defense Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research are 
relevant to the mission of the Department of Defense and coordinated 
with the activities carried out in the State under other similar 
initiatives of the Federal Government to stimulate competitive 
research.
    ``(f) State Defined.--In this section, the term `State' means a 
State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth 
of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the 
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 301 of such title, as added by section 1841 of the William M. 
(Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2021 (Public Law 116-283) and amended by this Act, is further amended 
by striking the item relating to section 4010 and inserting the 
following new item:
``4010. Defense Established Program to Stimulate Competitive 
          Research.''.

    (c) Conforming Repeals.--(1) Section 307 of title I of the 1997 
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Recovery from Natural 
Disasters, and for Overseas Peacekeeping Efforts, Including Those in 
Bosnia (Public Law 105-18; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is repealed.
    (2) Section 257 of title II of division A of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 
2358 note) is repealed.
    (d) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments and repeals 
made by this section shall take effect immediately after the effective 
date of the amendments made by title XVIII of the William M. (Mac) 
Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 
(Public Law 116-283).
    SEC. 215. CODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REINVENTION LABORATORIES.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter III of chapter 303 of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by section 1842 of the William M. (Mac) 
Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 
(Public Law 116-283), is amended by inserting after the heading for 
subchapter III the following new section:
``Sec. 4121. Science and technology reinvention laboratories: authority 
    and designation
    ``(a) In General.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may carry out 
personnel demonstration projects at Department of Defense laboratories 
designated by the Secretary as Department of Defense science and 
technology reinvention laboratories.
    ``(2)(A) Each personnel demonstration project carried out under the 
authority of paragraph (1) shall be generally similar in nature to the 
China Lake demonstration project.
    ``(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), the China Lake 
demonstration project is the demonstration project that is authorized 
by section 6 of the Civil Service Miscellaneous Amendments Act of 1983 
(Public Law 98-224) to be continued at the Naval Weapons Center, China 
Lake, California, and at the Naval Ocean Systems Center, San Diego, 
California.
    ``(3) If the Secretary carries out a demonstration project at a 
laboratory pursuant to paragraph (1), section 4703 of title 5 shall 
apply to the demonstration project, except that--
        ``(A) subsection (d) of such section 4703 shall not apply to 
    the demonstration project;
        ``(B) the authority of the Secretary to carry out the 
    demonstration project is that which is provided in paragraph (1) 
    rather than the authority which is provided in such section 4703; 
    and
        ``(C) the Secretary shall exercise the authorities granted to 
    the Office of Personnel Management under such section 4703 through 
    the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering (who 
    shall place an emphasis in the exercise of such authorities on 
    enhancing efficient operations of the laboratory and who may, in 
    exercising such authorities, request administrative support from 
    science and technology reinvention laboratories to review, 
    research, and adjudicate personnel demonstration project 
    proposals).
    ``(4) The employees of a laboratory covered by a personnel 
demonstration project carried out under this section shall be exempt 
from, and may not be counted for the purposes of, any constraint or 
limitation in a statute or regulation in terms of supervisory ratios or 
maximum number of employees in any specific category or categories of 
employment that may otherwise be applicable to the employees. The 
employees shall be managed by the director of the laboratory subject to 
the supervision of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering.
    ``(5) The limitations in section 5373 of title 5 do not apply to 
the authority of the Secretary under this subsection to prescribe 
salary schedules and other related benefits.
    ``(b) Designation of Laboratories.--Each of the following is hereby 
designated as a Department of Defense science and technology 
reinvention laboratory as described in subsection (a):
        ``(1) The Air Force Research Laboratory.
        ``(2) The Joint Warfare Analysis Center.
        ``(3) The Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social 
    Sciences.
        ``(4) The Combat Capabilities Development Command Armaments 
    Center.
        ``(5) The Combat Capabilities Development Command Army Research 
    Laboratory.
        ``(6) The Combat Capabilities Development Command Aviation and 
    Missile Center.
        ``(7) The Combat Capabilities Development Command Chemical 
    Biological Center.
        ``(8) The Combat Capabilities Development Command Command, 
    Control, Communications, Computers, Cyber, Intelligence, 
    Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Center.
        ``(9) The Combat Capabilities Development Command Ground 
    Vehicle Systems Center.
        ``(10) The Combat Capabilities Development Command Soldier 
    Center.
        ``(11) The Engineer Research and Development Center.
        ``(12) The Medical Research and Development Command.
        ``(13) The Technical Center, US Army Space and Missile Defense 
    Command.
        ``(14) The Naval Air Systems Command Warfare Centers.
        ``(15) The Naval Facilities Engineering Command Engineering and 
    Expeditionary Warfare Center.
        ``(16) The Naval Information Warfare Centers, Atlantic and 
    Pacific.
        ``(17) The Naval Medical Research Center.
        ``(18) The Naval Research Laboratory.
        ``(19) The Naval Sea Systems Command Warfare Centers.
        ``(20) The Office of Naval Research.
    ``(c) Conversion Procedures.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
implement procedures to convert the civilian personnel of each 
Department of Defense science and technology reinvention laboratory, as 
so designated by subsection (b), to the personnel system under an 
appropriate demonstration project (as referred to in subsection (a)). 
Any conversion under this subsection--
        ``(1) shall not adversely affect any employee with respect to 
    pay or any other term or condition of employment;
        ``(2) shall be consistent with section 4703(f) of title 5;
        ``(3) shall be completed within 18 months after designation; 
    and
        ``(4) shall not apply to prevailing rate employees (as defined 
    by section 5342(a)(2) of title 5) or senior executives (as defined 
    by section 3132(a)(3) of such title).
    ``(d) Limitation.--The science and technology reinvention 
laboratories, as so designated by subsection (a), may not implement any 
personnel system, other than a personnel system under an appropriate 
demonstration project (as referred to subsection (a)), without prior 
congressional authorization.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 303 of such title, as added by section 1842 of the William M. 
(Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2021 (Public Law 116-283), is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 4121 and inserting the following:
``4121. Science and technology reinvention laboratories: authority and 
          designation.''.

    (c) Conforming Repeals.--(1) Section 1105 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act For Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 
2358 note) is hereby repealed.
    (2) Subsection (b) of section 342 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 
2358 note) is hereby repealed.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 1601(f) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by striking ``section 342 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 108 
Stat. 2721)'' and inserting ``section 4121(a) of title 10, United 
States Code''.
    (2) Section 1107 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
        (A) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(e) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall take all 
necessary actions to fully implement and use the authorities provided 
to the Secretary under subsection (a) of section 4121 of title 10, 
United States Code, to carry out personnel management demonstration 
projects at Department of Defense laboratories designated by subsection 
(b) of such section as Department of Defense science and technology 
reinvention laboratories.'';
        (B) in subsection (c), by striking ``designated by section 
    1105(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2486)'' and inserting 
    ``designated by section 4121(b) of title 10, United States Code''; 
    and
        (C) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``section 342(b) of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (as cited 
    in subsection (a))'' and inserting ``section 4121(a) of title 10, 
    United States Code''.
    (3) Section 1109(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by 
striking ``specified in section 1105(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 
2486; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note)'' and inserting ``designated under section 
4121(b) of title 10, United States Code''.
    (4) Section 2803(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended by striking ``(as designated by section 1105(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note)'' and inserting ``(as designated under section 
4121(b) of title 10, United States Code)''.
    (5) Section 1108(b) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 
1580 note prec.) is amended by striking ``section 1105(a) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 
111-84; 123 Stat. 2486; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note)'' and inserting ``section 
4121(b) of title 10, United States Code''.
    (6) Section 211(g) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended 
by striking ``under section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), as 
amended'' and inserting ``under section 4121(b)of title 10, United 
States Code''.
    (7) Section 233(a)(2)(A) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended by striking ``as specified in section 1105(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note)'' 
and inserting ``as designated under section 4121(b) of title 10, United 
States Code''.
    (8) Section 223(d)(3)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended by striking ``under section 1105 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 
2358 note)'' and inserting ``under section 4121(b) of title 10, United 
States Code''.
    (9) Section 252(e)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by 
striking ``under section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note)'' and 
inserting ``under section 4121(b) of title 10, United States Code''.
    (10) Section 255(b)(5)(A) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 223a note) is 
amended by striking ``(as designated under section 1105 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note))'' and inserting ``(as designated under section 
4121(b) of title 10, United States Code)''.
    (11) Section 249 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is 
amended--
        (A) in subsection (e)(1)(A), by striking ``under section 2358a 
    of title 10, United States Code'' and inserting ``under section 
    4121(b) of title 10, United States Code''; and
        (B) in subsection (g)(1)(B) by striking ``under section 1105 of 
    the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public 
    Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note)'' and inserting ``under section 
    4121(b) of title 10, United States Code''.
    (12) Section 2124(h)(3) of title 10, United States Code, as 
redesignated by section 1843(b)(1) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 
116-283), is amended by striking ``designated under section 1105 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 
111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note)'' and inserting ``designated under section 
4121(b) of this title''.
    (13) Section 4091 of title 10, United States Code, as redesignated 
by section 1843(b)(1) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283), is 
amended--
        (A) in subsection (b), by striking ``designated by section 
    1105(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note)'' both places it 
    appears and inserting ``designated by section 4121(b) of this 
    title''; and
        (B) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``pursuant to section 
    342(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note)'' both places it 
    appears and inserting ``pursuant to section 4121(a) of this 
    title''.
    (14) Section 4094(f) of title 10, United States Code, as 
transferred and redesignated by this Act, is amended by striking ``by 
section 1105(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note)'' and inserting ``by section 4121(b) of 
this title''.
    (e) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments and repeals 
made by this section shall take effect immediately after the effective 
date of the amendments made by title XVIII of the William M. (Mac) 
Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 
(Public Law 116-283).
    SEC. 216. IMPROVEMENTS RELATING TO STEERING COMMITTEE ON EMERGING 
      TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY THREATS.
    Section 236 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283), is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``may'' and inserting ``and 
    the Director of National Intelligence may jointly'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by--
            (A) by striking paragraphs (3) through (8); and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
        ``(3) The Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence.
        ``(4) Such other officials of the Department of Defense and 
    intelligence community as the Secretary of Defense and the Director 
    of National Intelligence jointly determine appropriate.'';
        (3) by redesignating subsections (c) through (e) as subsections 
    (d) through (f), respectively;
        (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) Leadership.--The Steering Committee shall be chaired by the 
Deputy Secretary of Defense, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff, and the Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence 
jointly.'';
        (5) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph (3)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``a strategy'' and inserting 
            ``strategies'';
                (ii) by inserting ``and intelligence community'' after 
            ``United States military''; and
                (iii) by inserting ``and National Intelligence 
            Strategy, and consistent with the National Security 
            Strategy'' after ``National Defense Strategy'';
            (B) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) in the matter before subparagraph (A), by inserting 
            ``and the Director of National Intelligence'' after ``the 
            Secretary of Defense'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``strategy'' and 
            inserting ``strategies'';
                (iii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``; and'' and 
            inserting a semicolon;
                (iv) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph 
            (F); and
                (v) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
            ``(E) any changes to the guidance for developing the 
        National Intelligence Program budget required by section 
        102A(c)(1)(A) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
        3024(c)(1)(A)), that may be required to implement the 
        strategies under paragraph (1); and''; and
                (vi) in subparagraph (F), as redesignated by clause 
            (iv), by inserting ``and the intelligence community'' after 
            ``Department of Defense''; and
            (C) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``and Director of 
        National Intelligence, jointly'' after ``Secretary of 
        Defense'';
        (6) by amending subsection (e), as redesignated by paragraph 
    (3), to read as follows:
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `emerging technology' means technology jointly 
    determined to be in an emerging phase of development by the 
    Secretary of Defense and the Director of National Intelligence, 
    including quantum information science and technology, data 
    analytics, artificial intelligence, autonomous technology, advanced 
    materials, software, high performance computing, robotics, directed 
    energy, hypersonics, biotechnology, medical technologies, and such 
    other technology as may be jointly identified by the Secretary and 
    the Director.
        ``(2) The term `intelligence community' has the meaning given 
    such term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
    U.S.C. 3003).''; and
        (7) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph (3), by 
    striking ``October 1, 2024'' and inserting ``October 1, 2025''.
    SEC. 217. IMPROVEMENTS RELATING TO NATIONAL NETWORK FOR 
      MICROELECTRONICS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.
    Section 9903(b) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
    by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) Selection of entities.--
            ``(A) In general.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall, through a competitive process, select two or 
        more entities to carry out the activities described in 
        paragraph (2) as part of the network established under 
        paragraph (1).
            ``(B) Geographic diversity.--The Secretary shall, to the 
        extent practicable, ensure that the entities selected under 
        subparagraph (A) collectively represent the geographic 
        diversity of the United States.''.
    SEC. 218. MODIFICATION OF MECHANISMS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO 
      TECHNICAL TALENT AND EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS TO 
      SUPPORT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MISSIONS.
    Section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
        (1) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
    ``(c) Consultation With Other Organizations.--For the purposes of 
providing technical expertise and reducing costs and duplicative 
efforts, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the military 
departments shall work to ensure and support the sharing of information 
on the research and consulting that is being carried out across the 
Federal Government in Department-wide shared information systems 
including the Defense Technical Information Center.'';
        (2) in subsection (e)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraph (31) as paragraph (36); and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (30) the following new 
        paragraphs:
        ``(31) Nuclear science, security, and nonproliferation.
        ``(32) Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear defense.
        ``(33) Spectrum activities.
        ``(34) Research security and integrity.
        ``(35) Printed circuit boards.''; and
        (3) in subsection (g), by striking ``2026'' and inserting 
    ``2028''.
    SEC. 219. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO PILOT PROGRAM FOR THE ENHANCEMENT 
      OF THE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION CENTERS OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    Section 233(c)(2)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended 
by striking ``Chief Management Officer'' and inserting ``Deputy 
Secretary of Defense or a designee of the Deputy Secretary''.
    SEC. 220. DEFENSE RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING ACTIVITIES AT MINORITY 
      INSTITUTIONS.
    (a) Plan to Promote Defense Research at Minority Institutes.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan 
    to promote defense-related engineering, research, and development 
    activities at minority institutions for the purpose of elevating 
    the capacity of such institutions in those areas.
        (2) Elements.--The plan under paragraph (1) shall include the 
    following:
            (A) An assessment of the engineering, research, and 
        development capabilities of minority institutions, including an 
        assessment of the workforce and physical research 
        infrastructure of such institutions.
            (B) An assessment of the ability of minority institutions--
                (i) to participate in defense-related engineering, 
            research, and development activities; and
                (ii) to effectively compete for defense-related 
            engineering, research, and development contracts.
            (C) An assessment of the activities and investments 
        necessary--
                (i) to elevate minority institutions or a consortium of 
            minority institutions (including historically black 
            colleges and universities) to R1 status on the Carnegie 
            Classification of Institutions of Higher Education;
                (ii) to increase the participation of minority 
            institutions in defense-related engineering, research, and 
            development activities; and
                (iii) to increase the ability of such institutions 
            ability to effectively compete for defense-related 
            engineering, research, and development contracts.
            (D) Recommendations identifying actions that may be taken 
        by the Secretary, Congress, minority institutions, and other 
        organizations to increase the participation of minority 
        institutions in defense-related engineering, research, and 
        development activities and contracts.
            (E) The specific goals, incentives, and metrics developed 
        by the Secretary under subparagraph (D) to increase and measure 
        the capacity of minority institutions to address the 
        engineering, research, and development needs of the Department.
        (3) Consultation.--In developing the plan under paragraph (1), 
    the Secretary of Defense shall consult with such other public and 
    private sector organizations as the Secretary determines 
    appropriate.
        (4) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (A) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        that includes the plan developed under paragraph (1); and
            (B) make the plan available on a publicly accessible 
        website of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Activities to Support the Research and Engineering Capacity of 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority 
Institutions.--
        (1) In general.--Subject to the availability of appropriations, 
    the Secretary may establish a program to award contracts, grants, 
    or other agreements on a competitive basis, and to perform other 
    appropriate activities for the purposes described in paragraph (2).
        (2) Purposes.--The purposes described in this paragraph are the 
    following:
            (A) Developing the capability, including workforce and 
        research infrastructure, for minority institutions to more 
        effectively compete for Federal engineering, research, and 
        development funding opportunities.
            (B) Improving the capability of such institutions to 
        recruit and retain research faculty, and to participate in 
        appropriate personnel exchange programs and educational and 
        career development activities.
            (C) Any other purposes the Secretary determines appropriate 
        for enhancing the defense-related engineering, research, and 
        development capabilities of minority institutions.
    (c) Increasing Partnerships for Minority Institutions With National 
Security Research and Engineering Organizations.--Section 2362 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' each 
    place it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary''; and
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense may'' and 
        inserting the following:
        ``(1) The Secretary of Defense may''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following paragraph:
        ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall establish goals and 
    incentives to encourage federally funded research and development 
    centers, science and technology reinvention laboratories, and 
    University Affiliated Research Centers funded by the Department of 
    Defense--
            ``(A) to assess the capacity of covered educational 
        institutions to address the research and development needs of 
        the Department through partnerships and collaborations; and
            ``(B) if appropriate, to enter into partnerships and 
        collaborations with such institutions.''.
    (d) Minority Institution Defined.--In this section, the term 
``minority institution'' means a covered educational institution (as 
defined in section 2362 of title 10, United States Code).
    SEC. 221. TEST PROGRAM FOR ENGINEERING PLANT OF DDG(X) DESTROYER 
      VESSELS.
    (a) Test Program Required.--During the detailed design period and 
prior to the construction start date of the lead ship in the DDG(X) 
destroyer class of vessels, the Secretary of the Navy shall commence a 
land-based test program for the engineering plant of such class of 
vessels.
    (b) Administration.--The test program required by subsection (a) 
shall be administered by the Senior Technical Authority for the DDG(X) 
destroyer class of vessels.
    (c) Elements.--The test program required by subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, testing of the following equipment in vessel-
representative form:
        (1) Electrical propulsion motor.
        (2) Other propulsion drive train components.
        (3) Main propulsion system.
        (4) Electrical generation and distribution systems.
        (5) Machinery control systems.
        (6) Power control modules.
    (d) Test Objectives.--The test program required by subsection (a) 
shall include, at a minimum, the following test objectives demonstrated 
across the full range of engineering plant operations for the DDG(X) 
destroyer class of vessels:
        (1) Test of a single shipboard representative propulsion drive 
    train.
        (2) Test and facilitation of machinery control systems 
    integration.
        (3) Simulation of the full range of electrical demands to 
    enable the investigation of load dynamics between the hull, 
    mechanical and electrical equipment, the combat system, and 
    auxiliary equipment.
    (e) Completion Date.--The Secretary of the Navy shall complete the 
test program required by subsection (a) by not later than the delivery 
date of the lead ship in the DDG(X) destroyer class of vessels.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Delivery date.--The term ``delivery date'' has the meaning 
    given that term in section 8671 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Senior technical authority.--The term ``Senior Technical 
    Authority'' means the official designated as the Senior Technical 
    Authority for the DDG(X) destroyer class of vessels pursuant to 
    section 8669b of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 222. CONSORTIUM TO STUDY IRREGULAR WARFARE.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may establish a 
research consortium of institutions of higher education to study 
irregular warfare and the responses to irregular threats.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the consortium under subsection (a) 
are as follows:
        (1) To shape the formulation and application of policy through 
    the conduct of research and analysis regarding irregular warfare.
        (2) To maintain open-source databases on issues relevant to 
    understanding terrorism, irregular threats, and social and 
    environmental change.
        (3) To serve as a repository for datasets regarding research on 
    security, social change, and irregular threats developed by 
    institutions of higher education that receive Federal funding.
        (4) To support basic research in social science on emerging 
    threats and stability dynamics relevant to irregular threat problem 
    sets.
        (5) To transition promising basic research--
            (A) to higher stages of research and development; and
            (B) into operational capabilities, as appropriate, by 
        supporting applied research and developing tools to counter 
        irregular threats.
        (6) To facilitate the collaboration of research centers of 
    excellence relating to irregular threats to better distribute 
    expertise to specific issues and scenarios regarding such threats.
        (7) To enhance educational outreach and teaching at 
    professional military education schools to improve--
            (A) the understanding of irregular threats; and
            (B) the integration of data-based responses to such 
        threats.
        (8) To support classified research when necessary in 
    appropriately controlled physical spaces.
        (9) To support the work of a Department of Defense Functional 
    Center for Security Studies in Irregular Warfare if such Center is 
    established pursuant to section 1299L of the William M. (Mac) 
    Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 
    (Public Law 116-283).
        (10) To carry out such other research initiatives relating to 
    irregular warfare and irregular threats as the Secretary of Defense 
    determines appropriate.
    (c) Partnerships.--If the Secretary of Defense establishes a 
research consortium under subsection (a), the Secretary shall encourage 
partnerships between the consortium and university-affiliated research 
centers and other research institutions, as appropriate.
    (d) Institution of Higher Education Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``institution of higher education'' has the meaning given that 
term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
1001).
    SEC. 223. DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES 
      FOR SURVIVABILITY AND LETHALITY TESTING.
    (a) Expansion of Survivability and Lethality Testing.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary, in coordination with covered 
    officials, shall--
            (A) expand the survivability and lethality testing of 
        covered systems to include testing against non-kinetic threats; 
        and
            (B) develop digital technologies to test such systems 
        against such threats throughout the life cycle of each such 
        system.
        (2) Development of digital technologies for live fire 
    testing.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary, in coordination with 
        covered officials, shall develop--
                (i) digital technologies to enable the modeling and 
            simulation of the live fire testing required under section 
            2366 of title 10, United States Code; and
                (ii) a process to use data from physical live fire 
            testing to inform and refine the digital technologies 
            described in clause (i).
            (B) Objectives.--In carrying out subparagraph (A), the 
        Secretary shall seek to achieve the following objectives:
                (i) Enable assessments of full spectrum survivability 
            and lethality of each covered system with respect to 
            kinetic and non-kinetic threats.
                (ii) Inform the development and refinement of digital 
            technology to test and improve covered systems.
                (iii) Enable survivability and lethality assessments of 
            the warfighting capabilities of a covered system with 
            respect to--

                    (I) communications;
                    (II) firepower;
                    (III) mobility;
                    (IV) catastrophic survivability; and
                    (V) lethality.

            (C) Demonstration activities.--
                (i) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the 
            Director, shall carry out activities to demonstrate the 
            digital technologies for full spectrum survivability 
            testing developed under subparagraph (A).
                (ii) Program selection.--The Secretary shall assess and 
            select not fewer than three and not more than ten programs 
            of the Department to participate in the demonstration 
            activities required under clause (i).
                (iii) Armed forces programs.--Of the programs selected 
            pursuant to clause (ii), the Director shall select--

                    (I) at least one such program from the Army;
                    (II) at least one such program from the Navy or the 
                Marine Corps; and
                    (III) at least one such program from the Air Force 
                or the Space Force.

        (3) Regular survivability and lethality testing throughout life 
    cycle.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary, in coordination with 
        covered officials, shall--
                (i) develop a process to regularly test through the use 
            of digital technologies the survivability and lethality of 
            each covered system against kinetic and non-kinetic threats 
            throughout the life cycle of such system as threats evolve; 
            and
                (ii) establish guidance for such testing.
            (B) Elements.--In carrying out subparagraph (A), the 
        Secretary shall determine the following:
                (i) When to deploy digital technologies to provide 
            timely and up-to-date insights with respect to covered 
            systems without unduly delaying fielding of capabilities.
                (ii) The situations in which it may be necessary to 
            develop and use digital technologies to assess legacy fleet 
            vulnerabilities.
    (b) Reports and Briefing.--
        (1) Assessment and selection of programs.--Not later than 180 
    days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
    shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
    identifies the programs selected to participate in the 
    demonstration activities under subsection (a)(2)(C).
        (2) Modernization and digitization report.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than March 15, 2023, the 
        Director shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report that includes--
                (i) an assessment of the progress of the Secretary in 
            carrying out subsection (a);
                (ii) an assessment of each of the demonstration 
            activities carried out under subsection (a)(2)(C), 
            including a comparison of--

                    (I) the risks, benefits, and costs of using digital 
                technologies for live fire testing and evaluation; and
                    (II) the risks, benefits, and costs of traditional 
                physical live fire testing approaches that--

                        (aa) are not supported by digital technologies;
                        (bb) do not include testing against non-kinetic 
                    threats; and
                        (cc) do not include full spectrum 
                    survivability;
                (iii) an explanation of--

                    (I) how real-world operational and digital 
                survivability and lethality testing data will be used 
                to inform and enhance digital technology;
                    (II) the contribution of such data to the digital 
                modernization efforts required under section 836 of the 
                William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-
                283); and
                    (III) the contribution of such data to the 
                decision-support processes for managing and overseeing 
                acquisition programs of the Department;

                (iv) an assessment of the ability of the Department to 
            perform full spectrum survivability and lethality testing 
            of each covered system with respect to kinetic and non-
            kinetic threats;
                (v) an assessment of the processes implemented by the 
            Department to manage digital technologies developed 
            pursuant to subsection (a); and
                (vi) an assessment of the processes implemented by the 
            Department to develop digital technology that can perform 
            full spectrum survivability and lethality testing with 
            respect to kinetic and non-kinetic threats.
            (B) Briefing.--Not later than April 14, 2023, the Director 
        shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
        briefing that identifies any changes to existing law that may 
        be necessary to implement subsection (a).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered officials'' means--
            (A) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering;
            (B) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment;
            (C) the Chief Information Officer;
            (D) the Director;
            (E) the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation;
            (F) the Service Acquisition Executives;
            (G) the Service testing commands;
            (H) the Director of the Defense Digital Service; and
            (I) representatives from--
                (i) the Department of Defense Test Resource Management 
            Center;
                (ii) the High Performance Computing Modernization 
            Program Office; and
                (iii) the Joint Technical Coordination Group for 
            Munitions Effectiveness.
        (2) The term ``covered system'' means any warfighting 
    capability that can degrade, disable, deceive, or destroy forces or 
    missions.
        (3) The term ``Department'' means the Department of Defense.
        (4) The term ``digital technologies'' includes digital models, 
    digital simulations, and digital twin capabilities that may be used 
    to test the survivability and lethality of a covered system.
        (5) The term ``Director'' means the Director of Operational 
    Test and Evaluation.
        (6) The term ``full spectrum survivability and lethality 
    testing'' means a series of assessments of the effects of kinetic 
    and non-kinetic threats on the communications, firepower, mobility, 
    catastrophic survivability, and lethality of a covered system.
        (7) The term ``non-kinetic threats'' means unconventional 
    threats, including--
            (A) cyber attacks;
            (B) electromagnetic spectrum operations;
            (C) chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear effects and 
        high yield explosives; and
            (D) directed energy weapons.
        (8) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Defense.
    SEC. 224. ASSESSMENT AND CORRECTION OF DEFICIENCIES IN THE PILOT 
      BREATHING SYSTEMS OF TACTICAL FIGHTER AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Testing and Evaluation Required.--Beginning not later than 120 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Administrator of the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration, shall commence operational 
testing and evaluation of each fleet of tactical fighter aircraft 
(including each type and model variant of aircraft within the fleet) 
that uses the Onboard Oxygen Generating System for the pilot breathing 
system (in this section referred to as the ``breathing system'') to--
        (1) determine whether the breathing system complies with 
    Military Standard 3050 (MIL-STD-3050), titled ``Aircraft Crew 
    Breathing Systems Using On-Board Oxygen Generating System 
    (OBOGS)''; and
        (2) assess the safety and effectiveness of the breathing system 
    for all pilots of the aircraft fleet tested.
    (b) Requirements.--The following shall apply to the testing and 
evaluation conducted for an aircraft fleet under subsection (a):
        (1) The F-35 aircraft fleet shall be the first aircraft fleet 
    tested and evaluated, and such testing and evaluation shall include 
    F-35A, F-35B, and F-35C aircraft.
        (2) The pilot, aircraft systems, and operational flight 
    environment of the aircraft shall not be assessed in isolation but 
    shall be tested and evaluated as integrated parts of the breathing 
    system.
        (3) The testing and evaluation shall be conducted under a broad 
    range of operating conditions, including variable weather 
    conditions, low-altitude flight, high-altitude flight, during 
    weapons employment, at critical phases of flight such as take-off 
    and landing, and in other challenging environments and operating 
    flight conditions.
        (4) The testing and evaluation shall assess operational flight 
    environments for the pilot that replicate expected conditions and 
    durations for high gravitational force loading, rapid changes in 
    altitude, rapid changes in airspeed, and varying degrees of 
    moderate gravitational force loading.
        (5) A diverse group of pilots shall participate in the testing 
    and evaluation, including--
            (A) pilots who are test-qualified and pilots who are not 
        test-qualified; and
            (B) pilots who vary in gender, physical conditioning, 
        height, weight, and age, and any other attributes that the 
        Secretary determines to be appropriate.
        (6) Aircraft involved in the testing and evaluation shall 
    perform operations with operationally representative and realistic 
    aircraft configurations.
        (7) The testing and evaluation shall include assessments of 
    pilot life support gear and relevant equipment, including the pilot 
    breathing mask apparatus.
        (8) The testing and evaluation shall include testing data from 
    pilot reports, measurements of breathing pressures and air delivery 
    response timing and flow, cabin pressure, air-speed, acceleration, 
    measurements of hysteresis during all phases of flight, 
    measurements of differential pressure between mask and cabin 
    altitude, and measurements of spirometry and specific oxygen 
    saturation levels of the pilot immediately before and immediately 
    after each flight.
        (9) The analysis of the safety and effectiveness of the 
    breathing system shall thoroughly assess any physiological effects 
    reported by pilots, including effects on health, fatigue, 
    cognition, and perception of any breathing difficulty.
        (10) The testing and evaluation shall include the participation 
    of subject matter experts who have familiarity and technical 
    expertise regarding design and functions of the aircraft, its 
    propulsion system, pilot breathing system, life support equipment, 
    human factors, and any other systems or subject matter the 
    Secretary determines necessary to conduct effective testing and 
    evaluation. At a minimum, such subject matter experts shall include 
    aerospace physiologists, engineers, flight surgeons, and 
    scientists.
        (11) In carrying out the testing and evaluation, the Secretary 
    of Defense may seek technical support and subject matter expertise 
    from the Naval Air Systems Command, the Air Force Research 
    Laboratory, the Office of Naval Research, the National Aeronautics 
    and Space Administration, and any other organization or element of 
    the Department of Defense or the National Aeronautics and Space 
    Administration that the Secretary, in consultation with the 
    Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
    determines appropriate to support the testing and evaluation.
    (c) Corrective Actions.--Not later than 90 days after the submittal 
of a final report under subsection (e) for an aircraft fleet, the 
Secretary of Defense shall take such actions as are necessary to 
correct all deficiencies, shortfalls, and gaps in the breathing system 
that were discovered or reported as a result of the testing and 
evaluation of such aircraft fleet under subsection (a).
    (d) Preliminary Reports.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than the date specified in paragraph 
    (2), for each aircraft fleet tested and evaluated under subsection 
    (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
    defense committees a separate preliminary report, based on the 
    initial results of such testing and evaluation, that includes--
            (A) the initial findings and recommendations of the 
        Secretary;
            (B) potential corrective actions that the Secretary of 
        Defense may carry out to address deficiencies in the breathing 
        system of the aircraft tested; and
            (C) the results of initial review and assessment, conducted 
        by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space 
        Administration for purposes of the report, of--
                (i) the testing and evaluation plans, execution, 
            processes, data, and technical results of the testing and 
            evaluation activities under subsection (a); and
                (ii) the initial findings, recommendations, and 
            potential corrective actions determined by the Secretary of 
            Defense under subparagraphs (A) and (B).
        (2) Date specified.--The date specified in this paragraph is 
    the earlier of--
            (A) a date selected by the Secretary of the Air Force that 
        is not later than 180 days after the testing and evaluation of 
        the aircraft fleet under subsection (a) has been completed; or
            (B) one year after the commencement of the testing and 
        evaluation of the aircraft fleet under subsection (a).
    (e) Final Reports.--Not later than two years after the commencement 
of the testing and evaluation under subsection (a) for an aircraft 
fleet, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a final report on the results of such testing with 
respect to such aircraft fleet that includes, based on the final 
results of such testing and evaluation--
        (1) findings and recommendations with respect to the breathing 
    system; and
        (2) a description of the specific actions the Secretary will 
    carry out to correct deficiencies in the breathing system, as 
    required under subsection (c).
    (f) Independent Review of Final Report.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
    the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space 
    Administration, shall seek to enter into an agreement with a 
    federally funded research and development center with relevant 
    expertise to conduct an independent sufficiency review of the final 
    reports submitted under subsection (e).
        (2) Report to secretary.--Not later than seven months after the 
    date on which the Secretary of Defense enters into an agreement 
    with a federally funded research and development center under 
    paragraph (1), the center shall submit to the Secretary a report on 
    the results of the review conducted under such paragraph.
        (3) Report to congress.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
    on which the Secretary of Defense receives the report under 
    paragraph (2), the Secretary shall submit the report to the 
    congressional defense committees.
    SEC. 225. IDENTIFICATION OF THE HYPERSONICS FACILITIES AND 
      CAPABILITIES OF THE MAJOR RANGE AND TEST FACILITY BASE.
    (a) Identification Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
identify each facility and capability of the Major Range and Test 
Facility Base--
        (1) the primary mission of which is the test and evaluation of 
    hypersonics technology; or
        (2) that provides other test and evaluation capabilities to 
    support the development of hypersonics technology.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on a plan to improve the 
capabilities identified under subsection (a), including--
        (1) a schedule for such improvements; and
        (2) a description of any organizational changes, investments, 
    policy changes, or other activities the Secretary proposes to carry 
    out as part of such plan.
    (c) Major Range and Test Facility Base.--In this section, the term 
``Major Range and Test Facility Base'' has the meaning given that term 
in section 196(i) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 226. REVIEW OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE APPLICATIONS AND 
      ESTABLISHMENT OF PERFORMANCE METRICS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) review the potential applications of artificial 
    intelligence and digital technology to the platforms, processes, 
    and operations of the Department of Defense; and
        (2) establish performance objectives and accompanying metrics 
    for the incorporation of artificial intelligence and digital 
    readiness into such platforms, processes, and operations.
    (b) Performance Objectives and Accompanying Metrics.--
        (1) Skill gaps.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary 
    of Defense shall require each Secretary of a military department 
    and the heads of such other organizations and elements of the 
    Department of Defense as the Secretary of Defense determines 
    appropriate to--
            (A) conduct a comprehensive review and assessment of--
                (i) skill gaps in the fields of software development, 
            software engineering, data science, and artificial 
            intelligence;
                (ii) the qualifications of civilian personnel needed 
            for both management and specialist tracks in such fields; 
            and
                (iii) the qualifications of military personnel (officer 
            and enlisted) needed for both management and specialist 
            tracks in such fields; and
            (B) establish recruiting, training, and talent management 
        performance objectives and accompanying metrics for achieving 
        and maintaining staffing levels needed to fill identified gaps 
        and meet the needs of the Department for skilled personnel.
        (2) AI modernization activities.--In carrying out subsection 
    (a), the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (A) assess investment by the Department of Defense in 
        artificial intelligence innovation, science and technology, and 
        research and development;
            (B) assess investment by the Department in test and 
        evaluation of artificial intelligence capabilities; and
            (C) establish performance objectives and accompanying 
        metrics for artificial intelligence modernization activities of 
        the Department.
        (3) Exercises, wargames, and experimentation.--In conjunction 
    with the activities of the Secretary of Defense under subsection 
    (a), the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in coordination 
    with the Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, 
    shall--
            (A) assess the integration of artificial intelligence into 
        war-games, exercises, and experimentation; and
            (B) develop performance objectives and accompanying metrics 
        for such integration.
        (4) Logistics and sustainment.--In carrying out subsection (a), 
    the Secretary of Defense shall require the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, with support from the 
    Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, to--
            (A) assess the application of artificial intelligence in 
        logistics and sustainment systems; and
            (B) establish performance objectives and accompanying 
        metrics for integration of artificial intelligence in the 
        Department of Defense logistics and sustainment enterprise.
        (5) Business applications.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
    Secretary of Defense shall require the Under Secretary of Defense 
    (Comptroller), in coordination with the Director of the Joint 
    Artificial Intelligence Center, to--
            (A) assess the integration of artificial intelligence for 
        administrative functions that can be performed with robotic 
        process automation and artificial intelligence-enabled 
        analysis; and
            (B) establish performance objectives and accompanying 
        metrics for the integration of artificial intelligence in 
        priority business process areas of the Department of Defensee, 
        including the following:
                (i) Human resources.
                (ii) Budget and finance, including audit.
                (iii) Retail.
                (iv) Real estate.
                (v) Health care.
                (vi) Logistics.
                (vii) Such other business processes as the Secretary 
            considers appropriate.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 120 days after the 
completion of the review required by subsection (a)(1), the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on--
        (1) the findings of the Secretary with respect to the review 
    and any action taken or proposed to be taken by the Secretary to 
    address such findings; and
        (2) the performance objectives and accompanying metrics 
    established under subsections (a)(2) and (b).
    SEC. 227. MODIFICATION OF THE JOINT COMMON FOUNDATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Modification of Joint Common Foundation.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall modify the Joint Common Foundation program conducted by 
the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center to ensure that Department of 
Defense components can more easily contract with leading commercial 
artificial intelligence companies to support the rapid and efficient 
development and deployment of applications and capabilities.
    (b) Qualifying Commercial Companies.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall take such actions as may be necessary to increase the number of 
commercial artificial intelligence companies eligible to provide 
support to Department of Defense components, including with respect to 
requirements for cybersecurity protections and processes, to achieve 
automatic authority to operate and provide continuous delivery, 
security clearances, data portability, and interoperability.
    (c) Use of FAR Part 12.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that, to the maximum extent practicable, commercial artificial 
intelligence companies are able to offer platforms, services, 
applications, and tools to Department of Defense components through 
processes and procedures under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition 
Regulation.
    (d) Objectives of the Joint Common Foundation Program.--The 
objectives of the Joint Common Foundation program shall include the 
following:
        (1) Relieving Department of Defense components of the need to 
    design or develop or independently contract for the computing and 
    data hosting platforms and associated services on and through which 
    the component at issue would apply its domain expertise to develop 
    specific artificial intelligence applications.
        (2) Providing expert guidance to components in selecting 
    commercial platforms, tools, and services to support the 
    development of component artificial intelligence applications.
        (3) Ensuring that leading commercial artificial intelligence 
    technologies and capabilities are easily and rapidly accessible to 
    components through streamlined contracting processes.
        (4) Assisting components in designing, developing, accessing, 
    or acquiring commercial or non-commercial capabilities that may be 
    needed to support the operational use of artificial intelligence 
    applications.
        (5) Enabling companies to develop software for artificial 
    intelligence applications within secure software development 
    environments that are controlled, sponsored, required, or specified 
    by the Department of Defense, including PlatformOne of the 
    Department of the Air Force
    (e) Briefing.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on actions taken to carry 
out this section.
    SEC. 228. EXECUTIVE EDUCATION ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENIOR 
      CIVILIAN AND MILITARY LEADERS.
    (a) Establishment of Course.--Not later than two years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
establish executive education activities on emerging technologies for 
appropriate general and flag officers and senior executive-level 
civilian leaders that are designed specifically to prepare new general 
and flag officers and senior executive-level civilian leaders on 
relevant technologies and how these technologies may be applied to 
military and business activities in the Department of Defense.
    (b) Plan for Participation.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan 
    for participation in executive education activities established 
    under subsection (a).
        (2) Requirements.--As part of such plan, the Secretary shall 
    ensure that, not later than five years after the date of the 
    establishment of the activities under subsection (a), all 
    appropriate general flag officers and senior executive-level 
    civilian leaders are--
            (A) required to complete the executive education activities 
        under such subsection; and
            (B) certified as having successfully completed the 
        executive education activities.
    (c) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than the date that is three years 
    after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
    Representatives a report on the status of the implementation of the 
    activities required by subsection (a).
        (2) Contents.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A description of the new general and flag officers and 
        senior executive-level civilian leaders for whom the education 
        activities have been designated.
            (B) A recommendation with respect to continuing or 
        expanding the activities required under subsection (a).
    SEC. 229. ACTIVITIES TO ACCELERATE DEVELOPMENT AND DEPLOYMENT OF 
      DUAL-USE QUANTUM TECHNOLOGIES.
    (a) Activities Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
a set of activities--
        (1) to accelerate the development and deployment of dual-use 
    quantum capabilities;
        (2) to ensure the approach of the United States to investments 
    of the Department of Defense in quantum information science 
    research and development reflects an appropriate balance between 
    scientific progress and the potential economic and security 
    implications of such progress;
        (3) to ensure that the Department of Defense is fully aware and 
    has a technical understanding of the maturity and operational 
    utility of new and emerging quantum technologies; and
        (4) to ensure the Department of Defense consistently has access 
    to the most advanced quantum capabilities available in the 
    commercial sector to support research and modernization activities.
    (b) Assistance Program.--
        (1) Program required.--In carrying out subsection (a) and 
    subject to the availability of appropriations for such purpose, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall, acting through the Director of the 
    Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and in consultation with 
    appropriate public and private sector organizations, establish a 
    program under which the Secretary may award assistance to one or 
    more organizations--
            (A) to identify defense applications for which dual-use 
        quantum technologies provide a clear advantage over competing 
        technologies;
            (B) to accelerate development of such quantum technologies; 
        and
            (C) to accelerate the deployment of dual-use quantum 
        capabilities.
        (2) Form of assistance.--Assistance awarded under the program 
    required by paragraph (1) may consist of a grant, a contract, a 
    cooperative agreement, other transaction, or such other form of 
    assistance as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.
        (3) Authorities and acquisition approaches.--The Secretary of 
    Defense may use the following authorities and approaches for the 
    program required by paragraph (1):
            (A) Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, relating 
        to prizes for advanced technology achievements.
            (B) Section 2373 of such title, relating to procurement for 
        experimental purposes.
            (C) Sections 2371 and 2371b of such title, relating to 
        transactions other than contracts and grants and authority of 
        the Department of Defense to carry out certain prototype 
        projects, respectively.
            (D) Section 2358 of such title, relating to research and 
        development projects.
            (E) Section 879 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note), 
        relating to defense pilot program for authority to acquire 
        innovative commercial products, technologies, and services 
        using general solicitation competitive procedures.
            (F) Requirement for milestone payments based on technical 
        achievements.
            (G) Requirement for cost share from private sector 
        participants in the program.
            (H) Commercial procurement authority under part 12 of the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulation.
            (I) Such other authorities or approaches as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.
        (4) Policies and procedures.--The Secretary of Defense shall, 
    in consultation with such experts from government and industry as 
    the Secretary considers appropriate, establish policies and 
    procedures to carry out the program required by paragraph (1).
    (c) Briefing and Report.--
        (1) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
    briefing on the plan to carry out the activities required by 
    subsection (a) and the program required by subsection (b).
        (2) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2022, and not less 
    frequently than once each year thereafter until December 31, 2026, 
    the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report on the activities carried out under subsection 
    (a) and the program carried out under subsection (b).
    SEC. 230. NATIONAL GUARD PARTICIPATION IN MICROREACTOR TESTING AND 
      EVALUATION.
    The Secretary of Defense may, in coordination with the Director of 
the Strategic Capabilities Office and the Chief of the National Guard 
Bureau, assemble a collection of four National Guard units to 
participate in the testing and evaluation of a micro nuclear reactor 
program.
    SEC. 231. PILOT PROGRAM ON THE USE OF PRIVATE SECTOR PARTNERSHIPS 
      TO PROMOTE TECHNOLOGY TRANSITION.
    (a) In General.--Consistent with section 2359 of title 10, United 
States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program 
to foster the transition of the science and technology programs, 
projects, and activities of the Department of Defense from the 
research, development, pilot, and prototyping phases into acquisition 
activities and operational use. Under the pilot program, the Secretary 
shall seek to enter into agreements with qualified private sector 
organizations to support--
        (1) matching technology developers with programs, projects, and 
    activities of the Department that may have a use for the technology 
    developed by such developers;
        (2) providing technical assistance to appropriate parties on 
    participating in the procurement programs and acquisition processes 
    of the Department, including training and consulting on 
    programming, budgeting, contracting, requirements, and other 
    relevant processes and activities; and
        (3) overcoming barriers and challenges facing technology 
    developers, including challenges posed by restrictions on accessing 
    secure facilities, networks, and information.
    (b) Priority.--In carrying out the activities described in 
paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (a), a qualified private 
sector organization shall give priority to technology producers that 
are small business concerns (as defined under section 3 of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)), research institutions (as defined in 
section 9(e) of such Act), or institutions of higher education (as 
defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C 
1001)).
    (c) Terms of Agreements.--The terms of an agreement under 
subsection (a) shall be determined by the Secretary of Defense.
    (d) Data Collection.--
        (1) Plan required before implementation.--The Secretary of 
    Defense may not enter into an agreement under subsection (a) until 
    the date on which the Secretary--
            (A) completes a plan to for carrying out the data 
        collection required under paragraph (2); and
            (B) submits the plan to the congressional defense 
        committees.
        (2) Data collection required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
    collect and analyze data on the pilot program under this section 
    for the purposes of--
            (A) developing and sharing best practices for facilitating 
        the transition of science and technology from the research, 
        development, pilot, and prototyping phases into acquisition 
        activities and operational use within the Department of 
        Defense;
            (B) providing information to the leadership of the 
        Department on the implementation of the pilot program and 
        related policy issues; and
            (C) providing information to the congressional defense 
        committees as required under subsection (e).
    (e) Briefing.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
briefing on the progress of the Secretary in implementing the pilot 
program under this section and any related policy issues.
    (f) Consultation.--In carrying out the pilot program under this 
section, the Secretary of Defense shall consult with--
        (1) service acquisition executives (as defined in section 101 
    of title 10, United States Code);
        (2) the heads of appropriate Defense Agencies and Department of 
    Defense Field Activities;
        (3) procurement technical assistance centers (as described in 
    chapter 142 of title 10, United States Code); and
        (4) such other individuals and organizations as the Secretary 
    determines appropriate.
    (g) Termination.--The pilot program under this section shall 
terminate on the date that is five years after the date on which 
Secretary of Defense enters into the first agreement with a qualified 
private sector organization under subsection (a).
    (h) Comptroller General Assessment and Report.--
        (1) Assessment.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
    shall conduct an assessment of the pilot program under this 
    section. The assessment shall include an evaluation of the 
    effectiveness of the pilot program with respect to--
            (A) facilitating the transition of science and technology 
        from the research, development, pilot, and prototyping phases 
        into acquisition activities and operational use within the 
        Department of Defense; and
            (B) protecting sensitive information in the course of the 
        pilot program.
        (2) Report.--Not later than the date specified in paragraph 
    (3), the Comptroller General shall submit to the congressional 
    defense committees a report on the results of the assessment 
    conducted under paragraph (1).
        (3) Date specified.--The date specified in this paragraph is 
    the earlier of--
            (A) four years after the date on which the Secretary of 
        Defense enters into the first agreement with a qualified 
        private sector organization under subsection (a): or
            (B) five years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 232. PILOT PROGRAM ON DATA REPOSITORIES TO FACILITATE THE 
      DEVELOPMENT OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CAPABILITIES FOR THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Establishment of Data Repositories.--The Secretary of Defense, 
acting through the Chief Data Officer of the Department of Defense and 
the Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (and such 
other officials as the Secretary determines appropriate), may carry out 
a pilot program under which the Secretary--
        (1) establishes data repositories containing Department of 
    Defense data sets relevant to the development of artificial 
    intelligence software and technology; and
        (2) allows appropriate public and private sector organizations 
    to access such data repositories for the purpose of developing 
    improved artificial intelligence and machine learning software 
    capabilities that may, as determined appropriate by the Secretary, 
    be procured by the Department to satisfy Department requirements 
    and technology development goals.
    (b) Elements.--If the Secretary of Defense carries out the pilot 
program under subsection (a), the data repositories established under 
the program--
        (1) may include unclassified training quality data sets and 
    associated labels representative of diverse types of information, 
    representing Department of Defense missions, business processes, 
    and activities; and
        (2) shall--
            (A) be categorized and annotated to support development of 
        a common evaluation framework for artificial intelligence 
        models and other technical software solutions;
            (B) be made available to appropriate public and private 
        sector organizations to support rapid development of software 
        and artificial intelligence capabilities;
            (C) include capabilities and tool sets to detect, evaluate, 
        and correct errors in data annotation, identify gaps in 
        training data used in model development that would require 
        additional data labeling, and evaluate model performance across 
        the life cycle of the data repositories; and
            (D) be developed to support other missions and activities 
        as determined by the Secretary.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on--
        (1) whether the Secretary intends to carry out the pilot 
    program under this section;
        (2) if the Secretary does not intend to carry out the pilot 
    program, an explanation of the reasons for such decision;
        (3) if the Secretary does intend to carry out the pilot 
    program, or if the Secretary has already initiated the pilot 
    program as of the date of the briefing--
            (A) the types of information the Secretary determines are 
        feasible and advisable to include in the data repositories 
        described in subsection (a); and
            (B) the progress of the Secretary in carrying out the 
        program.
    SEC. 233. PILOT PROGRAMS FOR DEPLOYMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS 
      INFRASTRUCTURE TO FACILITATE 5G DEPLOYMENT ON MILITARY 
      INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) Plans.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after enactment of 
    this Act, each Secretary of a military department shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a plan for a pilot program for 
    the deployment of telecommunications infrastructure to facilitate 
    the availability of fifth-generation wireless telecommunications 
    services on military installations under the jurisdiction of the 
    Secretary.
        (2) Plan elements.--Each plan submitted under paragraph (1) by 
    a Secretary of a military department shall include, with respect to 
    such military department, the following:
            (A) A list of military installations at which the pilot 
        program will be carried out, including at least one military 
        installation of the department.
            (B) A description of authorities that will be used to 
        execute the pilot program.
            (C) A timeline for the implementation and duration of the 
        pilot program.
            (D) The identity of each telecommunication carrier that 
        intends to use the telecommunications infrastructure deployed 
        pursuant to the pilot to provide fifth-generation wireless 
        telecommunication services at each of the military 
        installations listed under subparagraph (A).
            (E) An assessment of need for centralized processes and 
        points of contacts to facilitate deployment of the 
        telecommunications infrastructure.
    (b) Pilot Programs Required.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary of a military 
department shall establish a pilot program in accordance with the plan 
submitted by the Secretary under subsection (a)(1).
    (c) Reports.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
    which a Secretary of a military department commences a pilot 
    program under subsection (b), and not less frequently than once 
    every 180 days thereafter until the completion of the pilot 
    program, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report on the pilot program.
        (2) Contents.--Each report submitted under paragraph (1) for a 
    pilot program shall include the following:
            (A) A description of the status of the pilot program at 
        each military installation at which the pilot program is 
        carried out.
            (B) A description of the use of, and services provided by, 
        telecommunications carriers of the telecommunications 
        infrastructure at each military installation under the pilot 
        program.
            (C) Such additional information as the Secretary of the 
        military department considers appropriate.
    (d) Telecommunications Infrastructure Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``telecommunications infrastructure'' includes, at a minimum, 
the following:
        (1) Macro towers.
        (2) Small cell poles.
        (3) Distributed antenna systems.
        (4) Dark fiber.
        (5) Power solutions.
    SEC. 234. LIMITATION ON DEVELOPMENT OF PROTOTYPES FOR THE 
      OPTIONALLY MANNED FIGHTING VEHICLE PENDING REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS.
    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Army may not enter into a 
contract for the development of a physical prototype for the Optionally 
Manned Fighting Vehicle or any other next-generation infantry fighting 
vehicle of the Army until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the 
date on which the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
committees the report required under subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report on the analysis 
    supporting the determination of formal requirements or desired 
    characteristics for the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle refined 
    through the concept and detailed design phases of the acquisition 
    strategy.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A detailed description of the formal requirements 
        applicable to the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle or desired 
        characteristics guiding the physical prototyping phase of the 
        program.
            (B) A description of the analysis conducted to finalize 
        such requirements and characteristics.
            (C) A description of Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle-
        equipped force structure designs and the operational concepts 
        analyzed during the vehicle concept design and detailed design 
        phases.
            (D) A detailed description of the analysis conducted, 
        trade-offs considered, and conclusions drawn with respect to 
        the force structure designs and operational concepts, 
        survivability, mobility, lethality, payload, and combat 
        effectiveness in execution of the critical operational tasks 
        required of fighting-vehicle-equipped infantry.
            (E) An assessment and comparison of the combat 
        effectiveness (including survivability, mobility, and 
        lethality) of combined arms company teams equipped with 
        Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicles compared to those equipped 
        with fully modernized Bradley Fighting Vehicles.
    (c) Briefing Required.--At least 30 days prior to the submission of 
the report under subsection (b), the Secretary of the Army shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the 
preliminary findings of the Secretary with respect to each element 
specified in subsection (b)(2).
    (d) Comptroller General Assessment.--Not later than 60 days after 
the date on which the report under subsection (b) is submitted, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a written assessment of the report, 
including--
        (1) an assessment of the objectivity, validity, and reliability 
    of the Army's analysis with respect to each element specified in 
    subsection (b)(2); and
        (2) any other matters the Comptroller General determines 
    appropriate.
    SEC. 235. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF CERTAIN OPERATIONAL FLIGHT TEST 
      EVENTS AND REDUCTIONS IN OPERATIONAL FLIGHT TEST CAPACITY.
    (a) Limitation.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may not take any 
    action described in paragraph (2) until the date on which the 
    Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, in consultation with 
    the Secretary of the Navy, certifies to the congressional defense 
    committees that the use of non-test designated units to conduct 
    flight testing will not have any appreciable effect on--
            (A) the cost or schedule of any naval aviation or naval 
        aviation-related program; or
            (B) the efficacy of test execution, analysis, and 
        evaluation for any such program.
        (2) Actions described.--The actions described in this paragraph 
    are the following:
            (A) The delegation of any operational flight test event to 
        be conducted by a non-test designated unit.
            (B) Any action that would reduce, below the levels 
        authorized and in effect on October 1, 2020, any of the 
        following:
                (i) The aviation or aviation-related operational 
            testing and evaluation capacity of the Department of the 
            Navy.
                (ii) The personnel billets assigned to support such 
            capacity.
                (iii) The aviation force structure, aviation inventory, 
            or quantity of aircraft assigned to support such capacity, 
            including rotorcraft and fixed-wing aircraft.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than September 1, 2022, the 
Director of Operational Test and Evaluation shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that assesses each of the 
following as of the date of the report:
        (1) The design and effectiveness of the testing and evaluation 
    infrastructure and capacity of the Department of the Navy, 
    including an assessment of whether such infrastructure and capacity 
    is sufficient to carry out the acquisition and sustainment testing 
    required for the aviation-related programs of the Department of 
    Defense and the naval aviation-related programs of the Department 
    of the Navy.
        (2) The plans of the Secretary of the Navy to reduce the 
    testing and evaluation capacity and infrastructure of the Navy with 
    respect to naval aviation in fiscal year 2022 and subsequent fiscal 
    years, as specified in the budget of the President submitted to 
    Congress on May 28, 2021.
        (3) The technical, fiscal, and programmatic issues and risks 
    associated with the plans of the Secretary of the Navy to delegate 
    and task non-test designated operational naval aviation units and 
    organizations to efficiently and effectively execute, analyze, and 
    evaluate testing and evaluation master plans for all aviation-
    related programs and projects of the Department of the Navy.
    (c) Non-test Designated Unit Defined.--In this section, the term 
``non-test designated unit'' means a naval aviation unit that does not 
have designated as its primary mission operational testing and 
evaluation in support of naval aviation or naval aviation-related 
projects and programs.
    SEC. 236. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CERTAIN C-130 
      AIRCRAFT.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2022 for the Navy may be 
obligated or expended to procure a C-130 aircraft for testing and 
evaluation as a potential replacement for the E-6B aircraft until the 
date on which all of the following conditions are met:
        (1) The Secretary of the Navy has submitted to the 
    congressional defense committees a report that includes--
            (A) the unit cost of each such C-130 test aircraft;
            (B) the life cycle sustainment plan for such C-130 
        aircraft;
            (C) a statement indicating whether such C-130 aircraft will 
        be procured using multiyear contracting authority under section 
        2306b of title 10, United States Code; and
            (D) the total amount of funds needed to complete the 
        procurement of such C-130 aircraft.
        (2) The Secretary of the Navy has certified to the 
    congressional defense committees that C-130 aircraft in the 
    inventory of the Air Force as of the date of the enactment of this 
    Act would not be capable of fulfilling all requirements under the 
    E-6B aircraft program of record.
        (3) The Commander of the United States Strategic Command has 
    submitted to the congressional defense committees a report 
    identifying the plan for hardware that will replace the E-6B 
    aircraft while fulfilling all requirements under the E-6B program 
    of record.
    SEC. 237. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VC-25B AIRCRAFT 
      PROGRAM PENDING SUBMISSION OF DOCUMENTATION.
    (a) Documentation Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees an integrated master 
schedule that has been approved by the Secretary for the VC-25B 
presidential aircraft recapitalization program of the Air Force.
    (b) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2022 for the Air Force 
for the VC-25B aircraft, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits 
to the congressional defense committees the documentation required 
under subsection (a).
    SEC. 238. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE HIGH ACCURACY 
      DETECTION AND EXPLOITATION SYSTEM.
    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2022 for research, development, test, 
and evaluation for the Army for the High Accuracy Detection and 
Exploitation System, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff certifies 
to the congressional defense committees that--
        (1) the High Accuracy Detection and Exploitation System enables 
    multi-domain operations for the Army and is consistent with the 
    Joint All Domain Command and Control strategy of the Department of 
    Defense; and
        (2) in a conflict, the System will be able to operate at 
    standoff distances for survivability against enemy air defenses, 
    while providing signals intelligence, electronic intelligence, 
    communications intelligence, or synthetic aperture radar or moving 
    target indicator information to the ground component commander, 
    consistent with planned operational concepts.

             Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

    SEC. 241. MODIFICATION TO ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF 
      OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION.
    Section 139(h)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``, through January 31, 2026''.
    SEC. 242. ADAPTIVE ENGINE TRANSITION PROGRAM ACQUISITION STRATEGY 
      FOR THE F-35A AIRCRAFT.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 14 days after the date on which the 
budget of the President for fiscal year 2023 is submitted to Congress 
pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary 
of the Air Force, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the integration of the Adaptive Engine 
Transition Program propulsion system into the F-35A aircraft.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) A competitive acquisition strategy, informed by fiscal 
    considerations, to--
            (A) integrate the Adaptive Engine Transition Program 
        propulsion system into the F-35A aircraft; and
            (B) begin, not later than fiscal year 2027, activities to 
        retrofit all F-35A aircraft with such propulsion system.
        (2) An implementation plan to implement such strategy.
        (3) A schedule annotating pertinent milestones and yearly 
    fiscal resource requirements for the implementation of such 
    strategy.
    SEC. 243. ACQUISITION STRATEGY FOR AN ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEM 
      FOR F-35B AND F-35C AIRCRAFT.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 14 days after the date on which the 
budget of the President for fiscal year 2023 is submitted to Congress 
pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary 
of the Navy, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the integration of an advanced propulsion system 
into F-35B and F-35C aircraft.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) An analysis the effects of an advanced propulsion system on 
    the combat effectiveness and sustainment costs of F-35B and F-35C 
    aircraft, including any effects resulting from--
            (A) increased thrust, fuel efficiency, thermal capacity, 
        and electrical generation; and
            (B) improvements in acceleration, speed, range, and overall 
        mission effectiveness.
        (2) An assessment of how the integration of an advanced 
    propulsion system may result in--
            (A) a reduction in dependency on support assets, including 
        air refueling and replenishment tankers; and
            (B) an overall cost benefit to the Department from reduced 
        acquisition and sustainment for such support assets.
        (3) A competitive acquisition strategy (informed by fiscal 
    considerations, the assessment of combat effectiveness under 
    paragraph (1), and consideration of technical limitations)--
            (A) to integrate an advanced propulsion system into F-35B 
        aircraft and F-35C aircraft;
            (B) to begin, not later than fiscal year 2027, activities 
        to produce all F-35B aircraft and all F-35C aircraft with such 
        propulsion systems; and
            (C) to begin, not later than fiscal year 2027, activities 
        to retrofit all F-35B aircraft and all F-35C aircraft with such 
        propulsion systems.
    (c) Advanced Propulsion System Defined.--In this section, term 
``advanced propulsion system'' means--
        (1) a derivative of the propulsion system developed for the F-
    35 aircraft under the Adaptive Engine Transition Program of the Air 
    Force; or
        (2) a derivative of a propulsion system previously developed 
    for the F-35 aircraft.
    SEC. 244. ASSESSMENT OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND TEST ENTERPRISE OF THE 
      AIR FORCE RESEARCH LABORATORY.
    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
conduct an assessment of the ability of the Air Force Research 
Laboratory to effectively carry out development and testing activities 
with respect to the capabilities of the Space Force specific to space 
access and space operations.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the results of the 
assessment conducted under subsection (a). The report shall include an 
explanation of--
        (1) any challenges to the development and testing capabilities 
    of the Air Force Research Laboratory as described subsection (a), 
    including any challenges relating to test activities and 
    infrastructure;
        (2) any changes to the organizational structure of the 
    Laboratory that may be needed to enable the laboratory to 
    adequately address the missions of both the Space Force and the Air 
    Force generally, and the amount of funding, if any, required to 
    implement such changes;
        (3) any barriers to the recapitalization of the testing 
    infrastructure of the Laboratory; and
        (4) the plans of the Secretary to address the issues identified 
    under paragraphs (1) through (3).
    SEC. 245. STUDY ON EFFICIENT USE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TEST AND 
      EVALUATION ORGANIZATIONS, FACILITIES, AND LABORATORIES.
    (a) Study Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall direct the 
    Defense Science Board to carry out a study on the resources and 
    capabilities of the test and evaluation organizations, facilities, 
    and laboratories of the Department of Defense.
        (2) Participation.--Participants in the study conducted under 
    paragraph (1) shall include the following:
            (A) Such members of the Defense Science Board as the 
        Chairman of the Board considers appropriate for the study.
            (B) Such additional temporary members or contracted support 
        as the Secretary--
                (i) selects from those recommended by the Chairman for 
            purposes of the study; and
                (ii) considers to have significant technical, policy, 
            or military expertise relevant to defense test and 
            evaluation missions.
        (3) Elements.--The study conducted under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) Assessment of the effectiveness of current 
        developmental testing, operational testing, and integrated 
        testing within the Department of Defense in meeting statutory 
        objectives and the test and evaluation requirements of the 
        Adaptive Acquisition Framework.
            (B) Identification of industry and government best 
        practices for conducting developmental testing, operational 
        testing, and integrated testing.
            (C) Potential applicability of industry and government best 
        practices for conducting developmental testing, operational 
        testing, and integrated testing within the Department to 
        improve test and evaluation outcomes.
            (D) Identification of duplication of efforts and other non- 
        or low-value added activities that reduce speed and 
        effectiveness of test and evaluation activities.
            (E) Assessment of test and evaluation oversight 
        organizations within the Office of the Secretary of Defense, 
        including their authorities, responsibilities, activities, 
        resources, and effectiveness, including with respect to 
        acquisition programs of the military departments and Defense 
        Agencies.
            (F) Assessment of the research, development, test, and 
        evaluation infrastructure master plan required under section 
        252 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
            (F) Development and assessment of potential courses of 
        action to improve the effectiveness of oversight of 
        developmental testing, operational testing, and integrated 
        testing activities, and test and evaluation resources within 
        the Office of the Secretary of Defense, including as one such 
        course of action establishing a single integrated office with 
        such responsibilities.
            (G) Development of such recommendations as the Defense 
        Science Board may have for legislative changes, authorities, 
        organizational realignments, and administrative actions to 
        improve test and evaluation oversight and capabilities, and 
        facilitate better test and evaluation outcomes.
            (H) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
        (4) Access to information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
    provide the Defense Science Board with timely access to appropriate 
    information, data, resources, and analysis so that the Board may 
    conduct a thorough and independent analysis as required under this 
    subsection.
        (5) Report.--
            (A) Report of board.--Not later than one year after the 
        date on which the Secretary of Defense directs the Defense 
        Science Board to conduct the study under paragraph (1), or 
        December 1, 2022, whichever occurs earlier, the Board shall 
        transmit to the Secretary a final report on the study.
            (B) Submittal to congress.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the date on which the Secretary of Defense receives the final 
        report under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees such report and such 
        comments as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (b) Briefing Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the schedule and plan to 
execute activities under this section.
    SEC. 246. REPORT ON AUTONOMY INTEGRATION IN MAJOR WEAPON SYSTEMS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on activities to resource and 
integrate autonomy software into appropriate systems to enable the 
continued operational capability of such systems in GPS-denied 
environments by fiscal year 2025.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
        (1) a list of systems, to be selected by the Secretary of 
    Defense, which can be integrated with autonomy software as 
    described in subsection (a) by fiscal year 2025;
        (2) timelines for integrating autonomy software into the 
    systems as identified under paragraph (1);
        (3) funding requirements related to the development, 
    acquisition, and testing of autonomy software for such systems;
        (4) plans to leverage advanced artificial intelligence 
    technologies, as appropriate, for such systems;
        (5) plans for ensuring the safety and security of such systems 
    equipped with autonomy software, including plans for testing, 
    evaluation, validation, and verification of such systems; and
        (6) a list of Department of Defense policies in effect as of 
    the date of the report that would need to be modified or revoked in 
    order to implement the software integration described in subsection 
    (a).
    (c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    SEC. 247. REPORTS AND BRIEFINGS ON RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE NATIONAL 
      SECURITY COMMISSION ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE REGARDING THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Reports Required.--On an annual basis during the two-year 
period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the recommendations made by the National 
Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence with respect to the 
Department of Defense. Each such report shall include--
        (1) for each such recommendation, a determination of whether 
    the Secretary of Defense intends to implement the recommendation;
        (2) in the case of a recommendation the Secretary intends to 
    implement, the intended timeline for implementation, a description 
    of any additional resources or authorities required for such 
    implementation, and the plan for such implementation;
        (3) in the case of a recommendation the Secretary determines is 
    not advisable or feasible, the analysis and justification of the 
    Secretary in making that determination; and
        (4) in the case of a recommendation the Secretary determines 
    the Department is already implementing through a separate line of 
    effort, the analysis and justification of the Secretary in making 
    that determination.
    (b) Briefings Required.--Not less frequently than once each year 
during the two-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional 
defense committees a briefing on--
        (1) the progress of the Secretary in analyzing and implementing 
    the recommendations made by the National Security Commission on 
    Artificial Intelligence with respect to the Department of Defense;
        (2) any programs, projects, or other activities of the 
    Department that are being carried out to advance the 
    recommendations of the Commission; and
        (3) the amount of funding provided for such programs, projects, 
    and activities.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Inclusion of impacts on military installation resilience in 
          the National Defense Strategy and associated documents.
Sec. 312. Energy efficiency targets for Department of Defense data 
          centers.
Sec. 313. Grants for maintaining or improving military installation 
          resilience.
Sec. 314. Maintenance of current analytical tools in evaluating energy 
          resilience measures.
Sec. 315. Authority to transfer amounts derived from energy cost 
          savings.
Sec. 316. Exemption from prohibition on use of open-air burn pits in 
          contingency operations outside the United States.
Sec. 317. Expansion of purposes of Sentinel Landscapes Partnership 
          program to include resilience.
Sec. 318. Inspection of piping and support infrastructure at Red Hill 
          Bulk Fuel Storage Facility, Hawai`i.
Sec. 319. Energy, water, and waste net-zero requirement for major 
          military installations.
Sec. 320. Demonstration program on domestic production of rare earth 
          elements from coal byproducts.
Sec. 321. Long-duration demonstration initiative and joint program.
Sec. 322. Pilot program to test new software to track emissions at 
          certain military installations.
Sec. 323. Department of Defense plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

            Subtitle C--National Security Climate Resilience

Sec. 331. Definitions.
Sec. 332. Climate Resilience Infrastructure Initiative of the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 333. Inclusion of information regarding extreme weather and cyber 
          attacks or disruptions in reports on national technology and 
          industrial base.
Sec. 334. Climate resilience in planning, engagement strategies, 
          infrastructure, and force development of Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 335. Assessment of climate risks to infrastructure of Department of 
          Defense.

 Subtitle D--Treatment of Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
                               Substances

Sec. 341. Treatment by Department of Defense of perfluoroalkyl 
          substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 342. Extension of transfer authority for funding of study and 
          assessment on health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
          substances contamination in drinking water by Agency for Toxic 
          Substances and Disease Registry.
Sec. 343. Temporary moratorium on incineration by Department of Defense 
          of perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, and 
          aqueous film forming foam.
Sec. 344. Review and guidance relating to prevention and mitigation of 
          spills of aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 345. Public disclosure of results of Department of Defense testing 
          of water for perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 346. Review of agreements with non-Department entities with respect 
          to prevention and mitigation of spills of aqueous film-forming 
          foam.
Sec. 347. Comptroller General study on Department of Defense procurement 
          of certain items containing certain PFAS substances.
Sec. 348. Report on schedule for completion of remediation of 
          perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 349. Report on remediation of perfluoroalkyl substances and 
          polyfluoroalkyl substances at certain military installations.

                  Subtitle E--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 351. Mitigation of contested logistics challenges of the Department 
          of Defense through reduction of operational energy demand.
Sec. 352. Global bulk fuel management and delivery.
Sec. 353. Test and evaluation of potential biobased solution for 
          corrosion control and mitigation.
Sec. 354. Pilot program on digital optimization of organic industrial 
          base maintenance and repair operations.
Sec. 355. Improved oversight for implementation of Shipyard 
          Infrastructure Optimization Program of the Navy.
Sec. 356. Report and certification requirements regarding sustainment 
          costs for fighter aircraft programs.
Sec. 357. Comptroller General annual reviews of F-35 sustainment 
          efforts.

                           Subtitle F--Reports

Sec. 361. Inclusion of information regarding borrowed military manpower 
          in readiness reports.
Sec. 362. Annual report on material readiness of Navy ships.
Sec. 363. Incident reporting requirements for Department of Defense 
          regarding lost or stolen weapons.
Sec. 364. Strategy and annual report on critical language proficiency of 
          special operations forces.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse 
          matters.
Sec. 372. Establishment of Joint Safety Council.
Sec. 373. Improvements and clarifications related to military working 
          dogs.
Sec. 374. Extension of temporary authority to extend contracts and 
          leases under the ARMS Initiative.
Sec. 375. Authority to maintain access to category 3 subterranean 
          training facility.
Sec. 376. Accident Investigation Review Board.
Sec. 377. Implementation of Comptroller General recommendations on 
          preventing tactical vehicle training accidents.
Sec. 378. Requirements relating to emissions control tactics, 
          techniques, and procedures.
Sec. 379. Management of fatigue among crew of naval surface ships and 
          related improvements.
Sec. 380. Authority for activities to improve next generation radar 
          systems capabilities.
Sec. 381. Pilot program on military working dog and explosives detection 
          canine health and excellence.
Sec. 382. Department of Defense response to military lazing incidents.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2022 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

    SEC. 311. INCLUSION OF IMPACTS ON MILITARY INSTALLATION RESILIENCE 
      IN THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY AND ASSOCIATED DOCUMENTS.
    (a) National Defense Strategy and Defense Planning Guidance.--
Section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(B)--
            (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``actors,'' and inserting 
        ``actors, and the current or projected threats to military 
        installation resilience,''; and
            (B) by inserting after clause (ix), the following new 
        clause:
            ``(x) Strategic goals to address or mitigate the current 
        and projected risks to military installation resilience.''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)(A), in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
    striking ``priorities,'' and inserting ``priorities, including 
    priorities relating to the current or projected risks to military 
    installation resilience,''.
    (b) National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.--
        (1) In general.--The first section 118a of such title is 
    amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``capabilities,'' and 
        inserting ``capabilities, response to risks to military 
        installation resilience,'';
            (B) by redesignating such section, as amended by 
        subparagraph (A), as section 118b; and
            (C) by moving such section so as to appear after section 
        118a.
        (2) Clerical and conforming amendments.--
            (A) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections for chapter 
        2 of such title is amended--
                (i) by striking the first item relating to section 
            118a; and
                (ii) by inserting after the item relating to section 
            118a the following new item:
``118b. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.''.

            (B) Conforming amendment.--Section 314(c) of the William M. 
        (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is amended by striking ``section 
        118a'' and inserting ``section 118b''.
    (c) Chairman's Risk Assessment.--Section 153(b)(2)(B) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after clause (vi) the 
following new clause:
            ``(vii) Identify and assess risk resulting from, or likely 
        to result from, current or projected effects on military 
        installation resilience.''.
    (d) Strategic Decisions Relating to Military Installations.--The 
Secretary of each military department, with respect to any installation 
under the jurisdiction of that Secretary, and the Secretary of Defense, 
with respect to any installation of the Department of Defense that is 
not under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department, 
shall consider the strategic risks associated with military 
installation resilience.
    (e) National Defense Strategy and National Military Strategy.--The 
Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the heads of such other 
Federal agencies as the Secretary determines appropriate, shall 
incorporate the security implications of military installation 
resilience into the National Defense Strategy and the National Military 
Strategy.
    (f) National Security Planning Documents.--The Secretary of Defense 
and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall consider the 
security implications associated with military installation resilience 
in developing the Defense Planning Guidance under section 113(g)(2) of 
title 10, United States Code, the Risk Assessment of the Chairman of 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff under section 153(b)(2) of such title, and 
other relevant strategy, planning, and programming documents and 
processes.
    (g) Campaign Plans of Combatant Commands.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that the national security implications associated with 
military installation resilience are integrated into the campaign plans 
of the combatant commands.
    (h) Report on Security Implications Associated With Military 
Installation Resilience.--
        (1) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report describing how the aspects of military 
    installation resilience have been incorporated into modeling, 
    simulation, war-gaming, and other analyses by the Department of 
    Defense.
        (2) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (i) Modification to Annual Report Related to Installations Energy 
Management, Energy Resilience, and Mission Assurance and Readiness.--
        (1) Modification.--Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States 
    Code, is amended--
            (A) by redesignating paragraph (8) as paragraph (10); and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following new 
        paragraphs:
        ``(8) A description of the effects on military readiness, and 
    an estimate of the financial costs to the Department of Defense, 
    reasonably attributed to adverse impacts to military installation 
    resilience during the year preceding the submission of the report, 
    including loss of or damage to military networks, systems, 
    installations, facilities, and other assets and capabilities of the 
    Department.
        ``(9) An assessment of vulnerabilities to military installation 
    resilience.''.
        (2) Use of assessment tool.--The Secretary shall use the 
    Climate Vulnerability and Risk Assessment Tool of the Department 
    (or such successor tool) in preparing each report under section 
    2925(a) of title 10, United States Code (as amended by paragraph 
    (1)).
    (j) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``military installation resilience'' has the 
    meaning given that term in section 101(e) of title 10, United 
    States Code.
        (2) The term ``National Defense Strategy'' means the national 
    defense strategy under section 113(g)(1) of such title.
        (3) The term ``National Military Strategy'' means the national 
    military strategy under section 153(b) of such title.
    SEC. 312. ENERGY EFFICIENCY TARGETS FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DATA 
      CENTERS.
    (a) Energy Efficiency Targets for Data Centers.--
        (1) In general.--Subchapter I of chapter 173 of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
    new section:
``Sec. 2921. Energy efficiency targets for data centers
    ``(a) Covered Data Centers.--(1) For each covered data center, the 
Secretary of Defense shall--
        ``(A) develop a power usage effectiveness target for the data 
    center, based on location, resiliency, industry standards, and best 
    practices;
        ``(B) develop a water usage effectiveness target for the data 
    center, based on location, resiliency, industry standards, and best 
    practices;
        ``(C) develop other energy efficiency or water usage targets 
    for the data center based on industry standards and best practices, 
    as applicable to meet energy efficiency and resiliency goals;
        ``(D) identify potential renewable or clean energy resources, 
    or related technologies such as advanced battery storage capacity, 
    to enhance resiliency at the data center, including potential 
    renewable or clean energy purchase targets based on the location of 
    the data center; and
        ``(E) identify any statutory, regulatory, or policy barriers to 
    meeting any target under any of subparagraphs (A) through (C).
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that targets developed 
under paragraph (1) are consistent with guidance issued by the 
Secretary of Energy.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `covered data center' means a 
data center of the Department of Defense that--
        ``(A) is one of the 50 data centers of the Department with the 
    highest annual power usage rates; and
        ``(B) has been established before the date of the enactment of 
    this section.
    ``(b) New Data Centers.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
in the case of any Department of Defense data center established on or 
after the date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary of 
Defense shall establish energy, water usage, and resiliency-related 
standards that the data center shall be required to meet based on 
location, resiliency, industry and Federal standards, and best 
practices. Such standards shall include--
        ``(A) power usage effectiveness standards;
        ``(B) water usage effectiveness standards; and
        ``(C) any other energy or resiliency standards the Secretary 
    determines are appropriate.
    ``(2) The Secretary may waive the requirement for a Department data 
center established on or after the date of the enactment of this 
section to meet the standards established under paragraph (1) if the 
Secretary--
        ``(A) determines that such waiver is in the national security 
    interest of the United States; and
        ``(B) submits to the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
    of Representatives notice of such waiver and the reasons for such 
    waiver.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such subchapter is amended by inserting after the item relating 
    to section 2920 the following new item:
``2921. Energy efficiency targets for data centers.''.

    (b) Inventory of Data Facilities.--
        (1) Inventory required.--By not later than 180 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    conduct an inventory of all data centers owned or operated by the 
    Department of Defense. Such survey shall include the following:
            (A) A list of data centers owned or operated by the 
        Department of Defense.
            (B) For each such data center, the earlier of the following 
        dates:
                (i) The date on which the data center was established.
                (ii) The date of the most recent capital investment in 
            new power, cooling, or compute infrastructure at the data 
            center.
            (C) The total average annual power use, in kilowatts, for 
        each such data center.
            (D) The number of data centers that measure power usage 
        effectiveness and, for each such data center, the power usage 
        effectiveness for the center.
            (E) The number of data centers that measure water usage 
        effectiveness and, for each such data center, the water usage 
        effectiveness for the center.
            (F) A description of any other existing energy efficiency 
        or efficient water usage metrics used by any data center and 
        the applicable measurements for any such center.
            (G) An assessment of the facility resiliency of each data 
        center, including redundant power and cooling facility 
        infrastructure.
            (H) Any other matters determined relevant by the Secretary.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the completion of the 
inventory required under subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives a report on the inventory and the energy assessment 
targets under section 2921(a) of title 10, United States Code, as added 
by subsection (a). Such report shall include the following:
        (1) A timeline of necessary actions required to meet the energy 
    assessment targets for covered data centers.
        (2) The estimated costs associated with meeting such targets.
        (3) An assessment of the business case for meeting such 
    targets, including any estimated savings in operational energy and 
    water costs and estimated reduction in energy and water usage if 
    the targets are met.
        (4) An analysis of any statutory, regulatory, or policy 
    barriers to meeting such targets identified pursuant to section 
    2921(a)(E) of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
    (a).
    (d) Data Center Defined.--In this section, the term ``data center'' 
has the meaning given such term in the most recent Integrated Data 
Collection guidance of the Office of Management and Budget.
    SEC. 313. GRANTS FOR MAINTAINING OR IMPROVING MILITARY INSTALLATION 
      RESILIENCE.
    Section 2391 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(5), by adding at the end the following 
    new subparagraph:
    ``(D) The Secretary of Defense may also make grants, conclude 
cooperative agreements, and supplement other Federal funds, in order to 
assist a State or local government in planning, enhancing 
infrastructure, and implementing measures and projects (to include 
resilience measures and projects involving the protection, restoration, 
and maintenance of natural features) that, as determined by the 
Secretary of Defense, will contribute to maintaining or improving 
military installation resilience or will prevent or mitigate 
encroachment that could affect operations of the Department of 
Defense.''; and
        (2) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``subsection (b)(1)(D)'' 
    and inserting ``paragraphs (1)(D) and (E) and (5)(D) of subsection 
    (b) and subsection (d)''.
    SEC. 314. MAINTENANCE OF CURRENT ANALYTICAL TOOLS IN EVALUATING 
      ENERGY RESILIENCE MEASURES.
    (a) In General.--Section 2911 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Assessment of Life-cycle Costs and Performance of Potential 
Energy Resilience Projects.--(1) Subject to the availability of 
appropriations, the Secretary of Defense shall develop and institute a 
process to ensure that the Department of Defense, when evaluating 
energy resilience measures, uses analytical tools that are accurate and 
effective in projecting the costs and performance of such measures.
    ``(2) Analytical tools used under paragraph (1) shall be--
        ``(A) designed to--
            ``(i) provide an accurate projection of the costs and 
        performance of the energy resilience measure being analyzed;
            ``(ii) be used without specialized training; and
            ``(iii) produce resulting data that is understandable and 
        usable by the typical source selection official;
        ``(B) consistent with standards and analytical tools commonly 
    applied by the Department of Energy and by commercial industry;
        ``(C) adaptable to accommodate a rapidly changing technological 
    environment;
        ``(D) peer reviewed for quality and precision and measured 
    against the highest level of development for such tools; and
        ``(E) periodically reviewed and updated, but not less 
    frequently than once every three years.''.
    (b) Reporting Requirement.--If amounts are appropriated to carry 
out the requirements under subsection (i) of section 2911 of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), not later than 
September 30, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the execution by the Secretary of such 
requirements.
    SEC. 315. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER AMOUNTS DERIVED FROM ENERGY COST 
      SAVINGS.
    Section 2912 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``until expended'' and 
    inserting ``for that fiscal year and the succeeding fiscal year''; 
    and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Transfer of Amounts.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may 
transfer amounts described in subsection (a) that remain available for 
obligation to other funding accounts of the Department of Defense if 
the purpose for which such amounts will be used is a purpose specified 
in subsection (b) or (c).
    ``(2) Amounts transferred to a funding account of the Department 
under paragraph (1) shall be available for obligation for the same 
period as amounts in that account.
    ``(3) At the end of each fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to Congress a report detailing any funds transferred 
pursuant to paragraph (1) during that fiscal year, including a detailed 
description of the purpose for which such amounts have been used.''.
    SEC. 316. EXEMPTION FROM PROHIBITION ON USE OF OPEN-AIR BURN PITS 
      IN CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.
    Section 317(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2701 note) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(3) Exemption authority for certain locations.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may exempt a location from 
        the prohibition under paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines 
        it is in the paramount interest of the United States to do so.
            ``(B) Nondelegation.--The Secretary may not delegate the 
        authority under subparagraph (A).
        ``(4) Reporting requirement for location exemptions.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not later than 30 days after granting an 
        exemption pursuant to paragraph (3)(A) with respect to the use 
        of an open-air burn pit at a location, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a written report that identifies--
                ``(i) the location of the open-air burn pit;
                ``(ii) the number of personnel of the United States 
            assigned to the location where the open-air burn pit is 
            being used;
                ``(iii) the size and expected duration of use of the 
            open-air burn pit;
                ``(iv) the personal protective equipment or other 
            health risk mitigation efforts that will be used by members 
            of the armed forces when airborne hazards are present, 
            including how such equipment will be provided when 
            required; and
                ``(v) the need for the open-air burn pit and rationale 
            for granting the exemption.
            ``(B) Form.--A report submitted under subparagraph (A) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
        classified annex.''.
    SEC. 317. EXPANSION OF PURPOSES OF SENTINEL LANDSCAPES PARTNERSHIP 
      PROGRAM TO INCLUDE RESILIENCE.
    (a) In General.--Section 317 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2684a note) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), in the first sentence, by inserting 
    ``and restore'' after ``to preserve'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by inserting ``resilience,'' after ``benefit of 
        conservation,''; and
            (B) by inserting ``, resilience,'' after ``land 
        management'';
        (3) in subsection (d), in the second sentence, by inserting 
    ``by an eligible landowner or agricultural producer'' after 
    ``Participation'';
        (4) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f);
        (5) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
    subsection (e):
    ``(e) Participation by Other Agencies.--Other Federal agencies with 
programs addressing conservation or resilience may, and are encouraged 
to--
        ``(1) participate in the activities of the Sentinel Landscapes 
    Partnership; and
        ``(2) become full partners in the Sentinel Landscapes 
    Partnership.''; and
        (6) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph (4), by 
    adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) Resilience.--The term `resilience' means the capability 
    to avoid, prepare for, minimize the effect of, adapt to, and 
    recover from extreme weather events, flooding, wildfire, or other 
    anticipated or unanticipated changes in environmental 
    conditions.''.
    (b) Inclusion of Program Information in Certain Annual Reports.--
Section 2684a(g)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F); and
        (2) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following new 
    subparagraph:
        ``(E) Information concerning the activities undertaken pursuant 
    to the Sentinel Landscapes Partnership established under section 
    317 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
    (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2684a note).''.
    (c) Conservation and Cultural Activities.--Section 2694 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or involves a 
            sentinel landscape'' before the semicolon; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or that would 
            contribute to maintaining or improving military 
            installation resilience'' before the semicolon; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or nature-based 
            climate resilience plans'' before the period; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (F)--

                    (I) in clause (i)--

                        (aa) by striking ``single ecosystem that 
                    encompasses'' and inserting ``single ecosystem--
                ``(I) that encompasses'';
                        (bb) by redesignating clause (ii) as subclause 
                    (II) and moving such subclause, as so redesignated, 
                    two ems to the right; and
                        (cc) in subclause (II), as redesignated by item 
                    (bb), by striking the period at the end and 
                    inserting ``; or''; and

                    (II) by adding at the end the following new clause 
                (ii):

            ``(ii) for one or more ecosystems within a sentinel 
        landscape.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Sentinel Landscape Defined.--In this section, the term 
`sentinel landscape' has the meaning given that term in section 317(f) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public 
Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2684a note).''.
    SEC. 318. INSPECTION OF PIPING AND SUPPORT INFRASTRUCTURE AT RED 
      HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE FACILITY, HAWAI`I.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--In order to fully effectuate national 
security, assure the maximum safe utilization of the Red Hill Bulk Fuel 
Storage Facility in Honolulu, Hawai`i, and fully address concerns as to 
potential impacts of the facility on public health, it is the sense of 
Congress that the Secretary of the Navy and the Defense Logistics 
Agency should--
        (1) operate and maintain the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
    Facility to the highest standard possible; and
        (2) require safety inspections to be conducted more frequently 
    based on the corrosion rate of the piping and overall condition of 
    the pipeline system and support equipment at the facility.
    (b) Inspection Requirement.--
        (1) Inspection required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
    direct the Naval Facilities Engineering Command to conduct an 
    inspection of the pipeline system, supporting infrastructure, and 
    appurtenances, including valves and any other corrosion prone 
    equipment, at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
        (2) Inspection agent; standards.--The inspection required by 
    this subsection shall be performed--
            (A) by an independent American Petroleum Institute 
        certified inspector who will present findings of the inspection 
        and options to the Secretary of the Navy for improving the 
        integrity of the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility and its 
        appurtenances; and
            (B) in accordance with the Unified Facilities Criteria 
        (UFC-3-460-03) and American Petroleum Institute 570 inspection 
        standards.
        (3) Exception.--The inspection required by this subsection 
    excludes the fuel tanks at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
    (c) Life-cycle Sustainment Plan.--In conjunction with the 
inspection required by subsection (b), the Naval Facilities Engineering 
Command shall prepare a life-cycle sustainment plan for the Red Hill 
Bulk Fuel Storage Facility, which shall consider the current condition 
and service life of the tanks, pipeline system, and support equipment.
    (d) Consideration of Alternatives to Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
Facility.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an assessment of 
possible alternatives to the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility for 
bulk fuel storage, including consideration of at least three locations 
outside of the State of Hawai`i. The assessment shall be based on the 
overall requirement to support the fuel requirements of the Pacific 
Fleet, the costs and timeline for recapitalization of the Red Hill Bulk 
Fuel Storage Facility to the standards delineated in subsection 
(b)(2)(B), and the costs and timeline to establish an alternative 
location for secure bulk fuel storage.
    (e) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report containing--
        (1) the results of the independent inspection of the Red Hill 
    Bulk Fuel Storage Facility conducted under subsection (b);
        (2) the life-cycle sustainment plan prepared by the Naval 
    Facilities Engineering Command under subsection (c);
        (3) the results of the assessment conducted by the Secretary 
    under subsection (d) of possible alternatives to the Red Hill Bulk 
    Fuel Storage Facility; and
        (4) options on improving the security and maintenance of the 
    Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
    SEC. 319. ENERGY, WATER, AND WASTE NET-ZERO REQUIREMENT FOR MAJOR 
      MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall improve military 
installation efficiency, performance, and management by ensuring that 
at least 10 percent of major military installations achieve energy net-
zero and water or waste net-zero by fiscal year 2035.
    (b) Study on Requirement.--
        (1) Study.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall seek to enter into a 
    contract with a federally funded research and development center to 
    carry out a study on the net-zero requirement specified in 
    subsection (a) that assesses, at a minimum, the following:
            (A) Potential methods or strategies to achieve such 
        requirement by the fiscal year 2035 deadline.
            (B) The resiliency of major military installations subject 
        to such requirement with respect to grid or other utility 
        disruptions.
            (C) The life-cycle costs related to such requirement.
            (D) Computation methods for determining such life-cycle 
        costs.
            (E) Such other matters as the federally funded research and 
        development center carrying out the study determines 
        appropriate.
        (2) Deadline.--The study under paragraph (1) shall be completed 
    by not later than February 1, 2023.
        (3) Briefing.--Upon completion of the study under paragraph 
    (1), the Secretary shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the House of Representatives and Senate a briefing on 
    the findings of the study.
    (c) Status Report and Briefings on Progress Toward Meeting Current 
Goal Regarding Use of Renewable Energy to Meet Facility Energy Needs.--
        (1) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees 
    on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and Senate a 
    report on the progress the Secretary has made toward meeting the 
    goal described in section 2911(g)(1)(A) of title 10, United States 
    Code, with respect to fiscal year 2025.
        (2) Briefings.--During fiscal year 2022 and each succeeding 
    fiscal year through fiscal year 2025, the Secretary shall provide 
    to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
    and Senate a briefing on the progress the Secretary has made toward 
    meeting the goal described in section 2911(g)(1)(A) of title 10, 
    United States Code, with respect to fiscal year 2025.
    (d) Major Military Installation Defined.--In this section, the term 
``major military installation'' has the meaning given to the term 
``large site'' in the most recent version of the Department of Defense 
Base Structure Report issued before the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    SEC. 320. DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM ON DOMESTIC PRODUCTION OF RARE 
      EARTH ELEMENTS FROM COAL BYPRODUCTS.
    (a) Demonstration Program Required.--Not later than 120 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
commence carrying out a demonstration program on recovering rare earth 
elements and critical minerals from acid mine drainage and other coal 
byproducts.
    (b) Partnership.--In carrying out the demonstration program 
required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall seek to enter into a 
partnership with one or more institutions of higher education that can 
demonstrate techniques for recovering rare earth elements and critical 
minerals from acid mine drainage and other coal byproducts, as the 
Secretary considers applicable.
    (c) Elements.--The demonstration program required by subsection (a) 
shall address the following:
        (1) The efficacy of separating rare earth elements and critical 
    minerals from acid mine drainage.
        (2) The feasibility of bringing such technology to 
    commercialized scale.
        (3) Domestic locations that are appropriate for the deployment 
    of such technology.
        (4) The ability of such technology to meet the requirements of 
    the defense industrial base to supplement the rare earth element 
    and critical mineral needs of the Department of Defense.
    (d) Duration.--The demonstration program required by subsection (a) 
shall be carried out during the one-year period beginning on the date 
of the commencement of the demonstration program.
    (e) Briefing.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
completion of the demonstration program required by subsection (a), the 
Secretary and the program manager of the institute of higher education 
with whom the Secretary partners pursuant to subsection (b) shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a briefing on the elements of the demonstration 
program set forth under subsection (c).
    SEC. 321. LONG-DURATION DEMONSTRATION INITIATIVE AND JOINT PROGRAM.
    (a) Establishment of Initiative.--Not later than March 1, 2022, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish a demonstration initiative 
composed of demonstration projects focused on the development of long-
duration energy storage technologies.
    (b) Selection of Projects.--To the maximum extent practicable, in 
selecting demonstration projects to participate in the demonstration 
initiative under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) ensure a range of technology types;
        (2) ensure regional diversity among projects; and
        (3) consider bulk power level, distribution power level, 
    behind-the-meter, microgrid (grid-connected or islanded mode), and 
    off-grid applications.
    (c) Joint Program.--
        (1) Establishment.--As part of the demonstration initiative 
    under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
    with the Secretary of Energy, shall establish within the Department 
    of Defense a joint program to carry out projects--
            (A) to demonstrate promising long-duration energy storage 
        technologies at different scales to promote energy resiliency; 
        and
            (B) to help new, innovative long-duration energy storage 
        technologies become commercially viable.
        (2) Memorandum of understanding.--Not later than 180 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
    shall enter into a memorandum of understanding with the Secretary 
    of Energy to administer the joint program.
        (3) Infrastructure.--In carrying out the joint program, the 
    Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Energy shall--
            (A) use existing test-bed infrastructure at--
                (i) installations of the Department of Defense; and
                (ii) facilities of the Department of Energy; and
            (B) develop new infrastructure for identified projects, if 
        appropriate.
        (4) Goals and metrics.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
    Secretary of Energy shall develop goals and metrics for 
    technological progress under the joint program consistent with 
    energy resilience and energy security policies.
        (5) Selection of projects.--
            (A) In general.--To the maximum extent practicable, in 
        selecting projects to participate in the joint program, the 
        Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Energy may--
                (i) ensure that projects are carried out under 
            conditions that represent a variety of environments with 
            different physical conditions and market constraints; and
                (ii) ensure an appropriate balance of--

                    (I) larger, operationally-scaled projects, adapting 
                commercially-proven technology that meets military 
                service defined requirements; and
                    (II) smaller, lower-cost projects.

            (B) Priority.--In carrying out the joint program, the 
        Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Energy shall give 
        priority to demonstration projects that--
                (i) make available to the public project information 
            that will accelerate deployment of long-duration energy 
            storage technologies that promote energy resiliency; and
                (ii) will be carried out as field demonstrations fully 
            integrated into the installation grid at an operational 
            scale.
    SEC. 322. PILOT PROGRAM TO TEST NEW SOFTWARE TO TRACK EMISSIONS AT 
      CERTAIN MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may conduct a pilot 
program (to be known as the ``Installations Emissions Tracking 
Program'') to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of software 
and emerging technologies and methodologies to track real-time 
emissions from military installations and installation assets.
    (b) Goals.--The goals of the Installations Emissions Tracking 
Program shall be--
        (1) to evaluate the capabilities of software and emerging 
    technologies and methodologies to effectively track emissions in 
    real time; and
        (2) to reduce energy costs and increase efficiencies.
    (c) Locations.--If the Secretary conducts the Installations 
Emissions Tracking Program, the Secretary shall select, for purposes of 
the Program, four major military installations located in different 
geographical regions of the United States.
    SEC. 323. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PLAN TO REDUCE GREENHOUSE GAS 
      EMISSIONS.
    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than September 30, 2022, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a plan to reduce the 
greenhouse gas emissions of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Briefings.--The Secretary shall provide to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate annual 
briefings on the progress of the Department of Defense toward meeting 
science-based emissions targets in the plan required by subsection (a).

            Subtitle C--National Security Climate Resilience

    SEC. 331. DEFINITIONS.
    In this subtitle:
        (1) The terms ``climate resilience'' and ``extreme weather'' 
    have the meanings given such terms in section 101(a) of title 10, 
    United States Code, as amended by section 332.
        (2) The term ``climate security'' has the meaning given such 
    term in the second subsection (e) of section 120 of the National 
    Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3060(e)).
        (3) The term ``military installation resilience'' has the 
    meaning given such term in section 101(e) of title 10, United 
    States Code.
    SEC. 332. CLIMATE RESILIENCE INFRASTRUCTURE INITIATIVE OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Climate Resilience Infrastructure Initiative.--Chapter 136 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 2285. Department of Defense Climate Resilience Infrastructure 
    Initiative
    ``(a) Designation.--The programs, practices, and activities carried 
out pursuant to this section shall be known collectively as the 
`Climate Resilience Infrastructure Initiative of the Department of 
Defense'.
    ``(b) Hardening and Quick Recovery.--In carrying out military 
installation resilience plans pursuant to section 2864 of this title, 
the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the development by the 
Department of Defense of requirements for backup utilities, 
communications, and transportation to ensure that the critical 
infrastructure of Department facilities is hardened, developed, and 
constructed for quick recovery from natural disasters and the impacts 
of extreme weather.
    ``(d) Sustainment and Modernization.--The Secretary shall develop 
sustainment and modernization requirements for facilities of the 
Department in connection with climate resilience.
    ``(e) Collaboration in Planning With Local Communities.--The 
Secretary shall develop, within existing frameworks for collaborative 
activities between military installations and State and local 
communities, and in addition to the requirements of section 2864(c) of 
this title, a framework that authorizes and directs installation 
commanders to engage with State, regional, and local agencies, and with 
local communities, on planning for climate resilience, to enhance 
efficient response to impacts of extreme weather and secure 
collaborative investment in infrastructure that is resilient to the 
current and projected impacts of extreme weather.
    ``(f) Testing and Training Range Lands.--
        ``(1) Practices for sustainment of lands.--The Secretary shall 
    develop and implement practices to sustain the lands of the 
    military testing and training ranges of the Department, and the 
    lands of testing and training ranges on State-owned National Guard 
    installations, through the adaptation and resilience of such lands 
    to the current and projected impacts of extreme weather to ensure 
    the ongoing availability of such lands to military personnel, 
    weapon systems, and equipment for testing and training purposes.
        ``(2) Training and education on sustainment of lands.--The 
    Secretary shall develop a program of training and education for 
    members of the Armed Forces (including the reserve components) on 
    the importance of the sustainment of the lands of the military 
    testing and training ranges as described in paragraph (1).
        ``(3) Investment in resilience of lands.--The Secretary shall 
    use existing programs of the Department, including the Readiness 
    and Environmental Protection Integration Program of the Department 
    (or such successor program), to provide for investments determined 
    appropriate by the Secretary in the lands of the military testing 
    and training ranges, to increase the resilience and adaptation of 
    such lands to the current and projected impacts of extreme weather 
    for testing and training purposes in connection with current and 
    projected testing and training requirements in the short- and long-
    term.
    ``(b) Use of Certain Technologies.--The Secretary shall take 
appropriate actions to increase the use of low emission, emission-free, 
and net-zero-emission energy technologies in the operations, programs, 
projects, and activities of the Department, provided the use is cost 
effective over the life-cycle of the investment.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``2285. Department of Defense Climate Resilience Infrastructure 
          Initiative.''.

    (c) Definitions.--Section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(19) The term `climate resilience' means the capability to 
    avoid, prepare for, minimize the effect of, adapt to, and recover 
    from, extreme weather, or from anticipated or unanticipated changes 
    in environmental conditions, that do (or have the potential to) 
    adversely affect the national security of the United States or of 
    allies and partners of the United States.
        ``(20) The term `extreme weather' means recurrent flooding, 
    drought, desertification, wildfires, thawing permafrost, sea level 
    fluctuation, changes in mean high tides, or any other weather-
    related event, or anticipated change in environmental conditions, 
    that present (or are projected to present) a recurring annual 
    threat to the climate security of the United States or of allies 
    and partners of the United States.''.
    SEC. 333. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION REGARDING EXTREME WEATHER AND 
      CYBER ATTACKS OR DISRUPTIONS IN REPORTS ON NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 
      AND INDUSTRIAL BASE.
    Section 2504(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``(including vulnerabilities related to the current and 
projected impacts of extreme weather and to cyber attacks or 
disruptions)'' after ``industrial base''.
    SEC. 334. CLIMATE RESILIENCE IN PLANNING, ENGAGEMENT STRATEGIES, 
      INFRASTRUCTURE, AND FORCE DEVELOPMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Climate Challenges and Climate Resilience in Key Processes of 
Department of Defense.--The Secretary of Defense shall direct that the 
acquisition, budget planning and execution, infrastructure planning and 
sustainment, force development, engagement strategy development, 
security assistance, and other core processes of the Department of 
Defense fully consider and make needed adjustments to account for 
current and emerging climate and environmental challenges and to ensure 
the climate resilience of assets and capabilities of the Department, to 
include cost effectiveness over the life cycle of the investment 
weighed against threat reduction.
    (b) Climate Resilience Mission Impact Assessment.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct a mission impact 
    assessment on climate resilience for the Department.
        (2) Elements.--The assessment conducted under paragraph (1) 
    shall include the following:
            (A) An assessment of the direct impacts of extreme weather 
        on the deployment and operations of the Armed Forces, and the 
        manner in which extreme weather may impact the requirements of 
        the commanders of the combatant commands in the respective 
        areas of responsibility of such commanders, including--
                (i) an assessment of the evolving posture of peer 
            competitors and impacts to deployment and operations of 
            peer competitors due to extreme weather;
                (ii) an assessment of the impacts of expanding 
            requirements for Department humanitarian assistance and 
            disaster response due to extreme weather;
                (iii) a threat assessment of the impacts of extreme 
            weather, drought, and desertification on regional 
            stability;
                (iv) an assessment of risks to home station strategic 
            and operational support area readiness, including the 
            strategic highway network, the strategic rail network, and 
            strategic air and sea ports; and
                (v) the development of standards for data collection to 
            assist decision-making processes for research, development, 
            and acquisition priorities for installation and 
            infrastructure resilience to extreme weather.
            (B) A long-term strategic plan, including war games and 
        exercises, centered on climate-driven crises, and a long-term 
        assessment of climate security by the Office of Net Assessment 
        of the Department.
            (C) A review outlining near-term and long-term needs for 
        research, development, and deployment for equipment and other 
        measures required to assure the resilience of the assets and 
        capabilities of the Department and each component thereof, and 
        of key elements of the defense industrial base and supporting 
        transportation networks, to the impacts of extreme weather.
    (c) Reports.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, and every five years thereafter, the 
    Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report on the broader strategic and operational 
    impacts of extreme weather on the Department, measures to address 
    such impacts, and progress in implementing new technologies and 
    platforms, training and education methods, and data collection and 
    dissemination for each military department to meet the respective 
    mission requirements of the department.
        (2) Research, development, and deployment needs.--Each report 
    required by paragraph (1) shall identify research, development, and 
    deployment needs for each combatant command and functional command.
    SEC. 335. ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATE RISKS TO INFRASTRUCTURE OF 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall direct the 
Secretary of each military department to--
        (1) assess the vulnerability of installations and other 
    facilities under the jurisdiction of such Secretary, and of State-
    owned National Guard installations, to the current and projected 
    impacts of extreme weather, using vulnerability and risk assessment 
    tools chosen or developed pursuant to section 326 of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 
    133 Stat. 1310);
        (2) assess the infrastructure required for successful operation 
    of such installations and facilities in response to any such 
    vulnerabilities and ensure the military installation resilience of 
    such installations and facilities; and
        (3) develop installation-specific plans pursuant to section 
    2864(c) of title 10, United States Code, and similar plans for 
    State-owned National Guard installations, to address such 
    vulnerabilities.
    (b) Facility Assessment.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary of each military department shall determine the needs of the 
military installations and other facilities under the jurisdiction of 
such Secretary, and of State-owned National Guard installations, based 
on the level of risks posed by the current and projected impacts of 
extreme weather, the likelihood of such risks, and the role of such 
installations and facilities in maintaining overall readiness and 
operational capability.
    (c) Considerations.--In carrying out the assessments and developing 
the plans required under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that the cost effectiveness over the life-cycle of the 
investment, and the feasibility of solutions and technologies, are 
considered.

Subtitle D--Treatment of Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
                               Substances

    SEC. 341. TREATMENT BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF PERFLUOROALKYL 
      SUBSTANCES AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sections:
``Sec. 2714. Perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
    task force
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a task 
force to address the effects of the release of perfluoroalkyl 
substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances from activities of the 
Department of Defense (in this section referred to as the `PFAS Task 
Force').
    ``(b) Membership.--The members of the PFAS Task Force are the 
following:
        ``(1) The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, 
    Installations, and Environment.
        ``(2) The Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, 
    Energy, and Environment.
        ``(3) The Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Energy, 
    Installations, and Environment.
        ``(4) The Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
    Installations, Environment, and Energy.
        ``(5) The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs.
    ``(c) Chairman.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, 
Installations, and Environment shall be the chairman of the PFAS Task 
Force.
    ``(d) Support.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness and such other individuals as the Secretary of Defense 
considers appropriate shall support the activities of the PFAS Task 
Force.
    ``(e) Duties.--The duties of the PFAS Task Force are the following:
        ``(1) Monitoring the health aspects of exposure to 
    perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances, as found 
    by the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
        ``(2) Identifying, and funding the procurement of, an effective 
    alternative to firefighting foam containing perfluoroalkyl 
    substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances.
        ``(3) Coordinating within the Department of Defense with 
    respect to mitigating the effects of the release of perfluoroalkyl 
    substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
        ``(4) Assessing the perceptions of Congress and the public of 
    the efforts of the Department of Defense with respect to mitigating 
    the effects of the release of perfluoroalkyl substances and 
    polyfluoroalkyl substances from activities of the Department.
    ``(f) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2022, and quarterly thereafter, the Chairman of the PFAS Task Force 
shall submit to Congress a report on the activities of the task force.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `perfluoroalkyl substance' means a man-made 
    chemical of which all of the carbon atoms are fully fluorinated 
    carbon atoms.
        ``(2) The term `polyfluoroalkyl substance' means a man-made 
    chemical containing a mix of fully fluorinated carbon atoms, 
    partially fluorinated carbon atoms, and nonfluorinated carbon 
    atoms.
``Sec. 2715. Testing for perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl 
    substances at military installations and facilities of the National 
    Guard
    ``(a) In General.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2022, the Secretary of Defense shall complete preliminary assessment 
and site inspection testing for perfluoroalkyl substances and 
polyfluoroalkyl substances at all military installations and facilities 
of the National Guard located in the United States that are identified 
as of March 31, 2021, as having a release of perfluoroalkyl substances 
or polyfluoroalkyl substances.
    ``(b) Determination of Contamination.--Testing conducted under 
subsection (a) at a military installation or facility of the National 
Guard shall determine--
        ``(1) whether the installation or facility has contamination 
    from a perfluoroalkyl substance or polyfluoroalkyl substance; and
        ``(2) whether activities in connection with such installation 
    or facility have caused contamination from a perfluoroalkyl 
    substance or polyfluoroalkyl substance outside of such installation 
    or facility.
    ``(c) Additional Response Actions.--Testing conducted under 
subsection (a) shall provide at least a preliminary basis for 
determining whether additional environmental response actions are 
necessary to address contamination from a perfluoroalkyl substance or 
polyfluoroalkyl substance.
    ``(d) Type of Testing.--When testing for perfluoroalkyl substances 
or polyfluoroalkyl substances under subsection (a) or any other 
provision of law, the Secretary shall use a method to measure for all 
perfluoroalkyl substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances in drinking 
water that has been validated by the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `military installation' has the meaning given 
    such term in section 2801(c)(4) of this title.
        ``(2) The terms `perfluoroalkyl substance' and `polyfluoroalkyl 
    substance' have the meanings given such terms in section 2714 of 
    this title.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new items:
``2714. Perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances task 
          force.
``2715. Testing for perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl 
          substances at military installations and facilities of the 
          National Guard.''.

    (c) Reports on Status of Testing.--
        (1) Submission.--For each of fiscal years 2022 through 2024, 
    the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
    the House of Representatives and the Senate a report on the status 
    of the testing conducted under section 2715(a) of title 10, United 
    States Code (as added by subsection (a)), during such year.
        (2) Matters.--Each report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
    identify, with respect to testing conducted under such section 
    2715(a)--
            (A) each military installation or facility where testing 
        has been completed;
            (B) each military installation or facility where testing 
        has not yet been completed;
            (C) the projected completion date for testing at military 
        installations or facilities where testing has not yet been 
        completed;
            (D) the results of testing at military installations or 
        facilities where testing has been completed; and
            (E) the actions planned, and the projected timelines for 
        such actions, for each military installation or facility to 
        address contamination by a perfluoroalkyl substance or 
        polyfluoroalkyl substance.
        (3) Timing.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall be submitted 
    not later than January 1 of the fiscal year immediately following 
    the fiscal year covered by the report.
        (4) Limitation on delegation.--The Secretary may delegate the 
    responsibility for preparing the reports required by paragraph (1) 
    only to the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
        (5) Definitions.--In this subsection, the terms ``military 
    installation'', ``perfluoroalkyl substance'', and ``polyfluoroalkyl 
    substance'' have the meanings given such terms in section 2715 of 
    title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)).
    SEC. 342. EXTENSION OF TRANSFER AUTHORITY FOR FUNDING OF STUDY AND 
      ASSESSMENT ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
      SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER BY AGENCY FOR TOXIC 
      SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE REGISTRY.
    Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1350), as amended by 
section 315(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1713), section 321 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public 
Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1307), and section 337 of the William M. (Mac) 
Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 
(Public Law 116-283), is further amended by striking ``fiscal years 
2019, 2020, and 2021'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2019 through 
2023''.
    SEC. 343. TEMPORARY MORATORIUM ON INCINERATION BY DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE OF PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES, POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES, 
      AND AQUEOUS FILM FORMING FOAM.
    (a) Temporary Moratorium.--Beginning not later than 120 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
prohibit the incineration of covered materials until the earlier of the 
following:
        (1) The date on which the Secretary issues guidance 
    implementing--
            (A) the interim guidance on the destruction and disposal of 
        PFAS and materials containing PFAS published by the 
        Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency under 
        section 7361 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2020 (15 U.S.C. 8961); and
            (B) section 330 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2701 note).
        (2) The date on which the Administrator of the Environmental 
    Protection Agency publishes in the Federal Register a final rule 
    regarding the destruction and disposal of such materials pursuant 
    to such section.
    (b) Required Adoption of Final Rule.--Upon publication of the final 
rule specified in subsection (a)(2), the Secretary shall adopt such 
final rule, regardless of whether the Secretary previously implemented 
the interim guidance specified in subsection (a)(1)(A).
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the enactment of this 
Act, and annually thereafter for three years, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Administrator and the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report on all incineration by 
the Department of Defense of covered materials during the year covered 
by the report, including--
        (1) the total amount of covered materials incinerated;
        (2) the temperature range specified in the permit where the 
    covered materials were incinerated;
        (3) the locations and facilities where the covered materials 
    were incinerated;
        (4) details on actions taken by the Department of Defense to 
    implement section 330 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2020; and
        (5) recommendations for the safe storage of PFAS and PFAS-
    containing materials prior to destruction and disposal.
    (d) Scope.--The prohibition in subsection (a) and reporting 
requirements in subsection (c) shall apply not only to materials sent 
directly by the Department of Defense to an incinerator, but also to 
materials sent to another entity or entities, including any waste 
processing facility, subcontractor, or fuel blending facility, prior to 
incineration.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``AFFF'' means aqueous film forming foam.
        (2) The term ``covered material'' means any AFFF formulation 
    containing PFAS, material contaminated by AFFF release, or spent 
    filter or other PFAS-contaminated material resulting from site 
    remediation or water filtration that--
            (A) has been used by the Department of Defense or a 
        military department;
            (B) is being discarded for disposal by the Department of 
        Defense or a military department; or
            (C) is being removed from sites or facilities owned or 
        operated by the Department of Defense.
        (3) The term ``PFAS'' means per- or polyfluoroalkyl substances.
    SEC. 344. REVIEW AND GUIDANCE RELATING TO PREVENTION AND MITIGATION 
      OF SPILLS OF AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM.
    (a) Review Required.--Not later than 180 days of after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall complete a 
review of the efforts of the Department of Defense to prevent or 
mitigate spills of aqueous film-forming foam (in this section referred 
to as ``AFFF''). Such review shall assess the following:
        (1) The preventative maintenance guidelines for fire trucks of 
    the Department and fire suppression systems in buildings of the 
    Department, to mitigate the risk of equipment failure that may 
    result in a spill of AFFF.
        (2) Any requirements for the use of personal protective 
    equipment by personnel when conducting a material transfer or 
    maintenance activity of the Department that may result in a spill 
    of AFFF, or when conducting remediation activities for such a 
    spill, including requirements for side-shield safety glasses, latex 
    gloves, and respiratory protection equipment.
        (3) The methods by which the Secretary ensures compliance with 
    guidance specified in material safety data sheets with respect to 
    the use of such personal protective equipment.
    (b) Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
Secretary completes the review under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall issue guidance on the prevention and mitigation of spills of AFFF 
based on the results of such review that includes, at a minimum, best 
practices and recommended requirements to ensure the following:
        (1) The supervision by personnel trained in responding to 
    spills of AFFF of each material transfer or maintenance activity of 
    the Department of Defense that may result in such a spill.
        (2) The use of containment berms and the covering of storm 
    drains and catch basins by personnel performing maintenance 
    activities for the Department in the vicinity of such drains or 
    basins.
        (3) The storage of materials for the cleanup and containment of 
    AFFF in close proximity to fire suppression systems in buildings of 
    the Department and the presence of such materials during any 
    transfer or activity specified in paragraph (1).
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Secretary issues the guidance under subsection (b), the Secretary shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing that 
summarizes the results of the review conducted under subsection (a) and 
the guidance issued under subsection (b).
    SEC. 345. PUBLIC DISCLOSURE OF RESULTS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      TESTING OF WATER FOR PERFLUOROALKYL OR POLYFLUOROALKYL 
      SUBSTANCES.
    (a) Public Disclosure of Results.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not later 
    than 20 days after the receipt of a final result of testing water 
    for perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl substances (commonly referred 
    to as ``PFAS'') in a covered area, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    publicly disclose such final result, including--
            (A) the results of all such testing conducted in the 
        covered area by the Department of Defense; and
            (B) the results of all such testing conducted in the 
        covered area by a non-Department entity (including any Federal 
        agency and any public or private entity) under a contract, or 
        pursuant to an agreement, with the Department of Defense.
        (2) Consent by private property owners.--The Secretary of 
    Defense may not publicly disclose the results of testing for 
    perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl substances conducted on private 
    property without the consent of the property owner.
    (b) Public Disclosure of Planned Testing of Water.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of the Act, and every 90 days 
thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall publicly disclose the 
anticipated timeline for, and general location of, any planned testing 
for perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl substances proposed to be 
conducted in a covered area, including--
        (1) all such testing to be conducted by the Department of 
    Defense; and
        (2) all such testing to be conducted by a non-Department entity 
    (including any Federal agency and any public or private entity) 
    under a contract, or pursuant to an agreement, with the Department.
    (c) Nature of Disclosure.--The Secretary of Defense may satisfy the 
disclosure requirements under subsections (a) and (b) by publishing the 
results and information referred to in such subsections--
        (1) on the publicly available website established under section 
    331(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C 2701 note);
        (2) on another publicly available website of the Department of 
    Defense; or
        (3) in the Federal Register.
    (d) Local Notification.--Prior to conducting any testing of water 
for perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl substances, including any testing 
which has not been planned or publicly disclosed pursuant to subsection 
(b), the Secretary of Defense shall provide notice of the testing to--
        (1) the managers of the public water system serving the covered 
    area where such testing is to occur;
        (2) the heads of the municipal government serving the covered 
    area where such testing is to occur; and
        (3) as applicable, the members of the restoration advisory 
    board for the military installation where such testing is to occur.
    (e) Methods for Testing.--In testing water for perfluoroalkyl or 
polyfluoroalkyl substances, the Secretary of Defense shall adhere to 
methods for measuring the amount of such substances in drinking water 
that have been validated by the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered area'' means an area in the United 
    States that is located immediately adjacent to and down gradient 
    from a military installation, a formerly used defense site, or a 
    facility where military activities are conducted by the National 
    Guard of a State pursuant to section 2707(e) of title 10, United 
    States Code.
        (2) The term ``formerly used defense site'' means any site 
    formerly used by the Department of Defense or National Guard 
    eligible for environmental restoration by the Secretary of Defense 
    funded under the ``Environmental Restoration Account, Formerly Used 
    Defense Sites'' account established under section 2703(a)(5) of 
    title 10, United States Code.
        (3) The term ``military installation'' has the meaning given 
    such term in section 2801(c)(4) of title 10, United States Code.
        (4) The term ``perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl substance'' 
    means any man-made chemical with at least one fully fluorinated 
    carbon atom.
        (5) The term ``public water system'' has the meaning given such 
    term under section 1401(4) of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 
    U.S.C. 300f(4)).
        (6) The term ``restoration advisory board'' means a restoration 
    advisory board established pursuant to section 2705(d) of title 10, 
    United States Code.
    SEC. 346. REVIEW OF AGREEMENTS WITH NON-DEPARTMENT ENTITIES WITH 
      RESPECT TO PREVENTION AND MITIGATION OF SPILLS OF AQUEOUS FILM-
      FORMING FOAM.
    (a) Review Required.--Not later than 180 days of after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall complete a 
review of mutual support agreements entered into with non-Department of 
Defense entities (including State and local entities) that involve fire 
suppression activities in support of missions of the Department.
    (b) Matters.--The review under subsection (a) shall assess, with 
respect to the agreements specified in such subsection, the following:
        (1) The preventative maintenance guidelines specified in such 
    agreements for fire trucks and fire suppression systems, to 
    mitigate the risk of equipment failure that may result in a spill 
    of aqueous film-forming foam (in this section referred to as 
    ``AFFF'').
        (2) Any requirements specified in such agreements for the use 
    of personal protective equipment by personnel when conducting a 
    material transfer or maintenance activity pursuant to the agreement 
    that may result in a spill of AFFF, or when conducting remediation 
    activities for such a spill, including requirements for side-shield 
    safety glasses, latex gloves, and respiratory protection equipment.
        (3) The methods by which the Secretary, or the non-Department 
    entity with which the Secretary has entered into the agreement, 
    ensures compliance with guidance specified in the agreement with 
    respect to the use of such personal protective equipment.
    (c) Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
Secretary completes the review under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall issue guidance (based on the results of such review) on 
requirements to include under the agreements specified in such 
subsection, to ensure the prevention and mitigation of spills of AFFF. 
Such guidance shall include, at a minimum, best practices and 
recommended requirements to ensure the following:
        (1) The supervision by personnel trained in responding to 
    spills of AFFF of each material transfer or maintenance activity 
    carried out pursuant to such an agreement that may result in such a 
    spill.
        (2) The use of containment berms and the covering of storm 
    drains and catch basins by personnel performing maintenance 
    activities pursuant to such an agreement in the vicinity of such 
    drains or basins.
        (3) The storage of materials for the cleanup and containment of 
    AFFF in close proximity to fire suppression systems in buildings of 
    the Department and the presence of such materials during any 
    transfer or activity specified in paragraph (1).
    (d) Briefing.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Secretary issues the guidance under subsection (c), the Secretary shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing that 
summarizes the results of the review conducted under subsection (a) and 
the guidance issued under subsection (c).
    SEC. 347. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      PROCUREMENT OF CERTAIN ITEMS CONTAINING CERTAIN PFAS SUBSTANCES.
    (a) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on the procurement by the Department of Defense of 
certain items that contain covered PFAS substances.
    (b) Elements.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
Comptroller General shall assess the following:
        (1) The extent to which information is available to the 
    Department of Defense regarding the presence of covered PFAS 
    substances in the items procured by the Department.
        (2) The challenges, if any, that exist in identifying the 
    presence of covered PFAS substances in the items the Department 
    procures, including whether there are certain categories of items 
    that are more readily identified than others as containing such 
    substances.
        (3) The extent to which the Department has examined the 
    feasibility of prohibiting the procurement of items containing 
    covered PFAS substances.
        (4) Such other topics as may be determined necessary by the 
    Comptroller General.
    (c) Items.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
Comptroller General shall, to the extent practicable, examine 
information relating to the consideration by the Department of Defense 
of such substances in the following items:
        (1) Furniture or floor waxes.
        (2) Car wax and car window treatments.
        (3) Cleaning products.
        (4) Shoes and clothing for which treatment with a covered PFAS 
    substance is not necessary for an essential function.
    (d) Briefing and Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall provide to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate an interim briefing on the study conducted under subsection (a), 
including any preliminary observations. After such interim briefing, 
the Comptroller General shall submit to the committees a report on the 
study at a date mutually agreed upon by the Comptroller General and the 
committees.
    (e) Covered PFAS Substance Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered PFAS substance'' means any of the following:
        (1) Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA).
        (2) Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).
        (3) Perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA).
        (4) Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS).
        (5) Perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS).
        (6) Perfluorobutane sulfonic acid (PFBS).
        (7) GenX.
    SEC. 348. REPORT ON SCHEDULE FOR COMPLETION OF REMEDIATION OF 
      PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report detailing a proposed schedule for the 
completion of remediation of perfluoroalkyl substances and 
polyfluoroalkyl substances, and the associated cost estimates to 
perform such remediation, at military installations, facilities of the 
National Guard, and formerly used defense sites in the United States 
that are identified as of March 31, 2021, as having a release of 
perfluoroalkyl substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``military installation'' has the meaning given 
    such term in section 2801(c)(4) of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The term ``perfluoroalkyl substance'' means a man-made 
    chemical of which all of the carbon atoms are fully fluorinated 
    carbon atoms.
        (3) The term ``polyfluoroalkyl substance'' means a man-made 
    chemical containing a mix of fully fluorinated carbon atoms, 
    partially fluorinated carbon atoms, and nonfluorinated carbon 
    atoms.
    SEC. 349. REPORT ON REMEDIATION OF PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND 
      POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AT CERTAIN MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress a report identifying the status of efforts to remediate 
perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances at the 
following locations:
        (1) England Air Force Base, Louisiana.
        (2) Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake, California.
        (3) Patrick Air Force Base, Florida.
        (4) Myrtle Beach Air Force Base, South Carolina.
        (5) Langley Air Force Base, Virginia.
        (6) Naval Air Station Jacksonville, Florida.
        (7) Niagara Falls Air Reserve Station, New York.
        (8) Grand Prairie Armed Forces Reserve Complex, Texas.
        (9) Altus Air Force Base, Oklahoma.
        (10) Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina.
        (11) Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana.
        (12) Plattsburgh Air Force Base, New York.
        (13) Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida.
        (14) Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas.
        (15) Columbus Air Force Base, Mississippi.
        (16) Chanute Air Force Base, Illinois.
        (17) Marine Corps Air Station Tustin, California.
        (18) Travis Air Force Base, California.
        (19) Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota.
        (20) Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota.
        (21) Westover Air Reserve Base, Massachusetts.
        (22) Eaker Air Force Base, Arkansas.
        (23) Naval Air Station Alameda, California.
        (24) Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska.
        (25) Horsham Air Guard Station, Pennsylvania.
        (26) Vance Air Force Base, Oklahoma.
        (27) Dover Air Force Base, Delaware.
        (28) Edwards Air Force Base, California.
        (29) Robins Air Force Base, Georgia.
        (30) Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, New Jersey.
        (31) Galena Air Force Base, Alaska.
        (32) Naval Research Laboratory Chesapeake Bay Detachment, 
    Maryland.
        (33) Buckley Air Force Base, Colorado.
        (34) Arnold Air Force Base, Tennessee.
        (35) Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma.
        (36) Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington.
        (37) Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.
        (38) Hancock Field Air National Guard Base, New York.
        (39) F.E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming.
        (40) Nevada Air National Guard Base, Nevada.
        (41) K.I. Sawyer Air Force Base, Michigan.
        (42) Pease Air Force Base, New Hampshire.
        (43) Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri.
        (44) Wurtsmith Air Force Base, Michigan.
        (45) Shepherd Field Air National Guard Base, West Virginia.
        (46) Naval Air Station Whidbey Island-Ault Field, Washington.
        (47) Rosecrans Air National Guard Base, Missouri.
        (48) Joint Base Andrews, Maryland.
        (49) Iowa Air National Guard Base, Iowa.
        (50) Stewart Air National Guard Base, New York.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``perfluoroalkyl substance'' means a man-made 
    chemical of which all of the carbon atoms are fully fluorinated 
    carbon atoms.
        (2) The term ``polyfluoroalkyl substance'' means a man-made 
    chemical containing a mix of fully fluorinated carbon atoms, 
    partially fluorinated carbon atoms, and nonfluorinated carbon 
    atoms.

                 Subtitle E--Logistics and Sustainment

    SEC. 351. MITIGATION OF CONTESTED LOGISTICS CHALLENGES OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE THROUGH REDUCTION OF OPERATIONAL ENERGY 
      DEMAND.
    (a) Clarification of Operational Energy Responsibilities.--Section 
2926 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``in contested logistics 
    environments'' after ``missions''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in the heading, by striking ``Authorities'' and 
        inserting ``Responsibilities'';
            (B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``may'' and inserting ``shall'';
            (C) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
        ``(1) require the Secretaries concerned and the commanders of 
    the combatant commands to assess the energy supportability in 
    contested logistics environments of systems, capabilities, and 
    plans;'';
            (D) in paragraph (2), by inserting `` supportability in 
        contested logistics environments,'' after ``power,''; and
            (E) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``in contested logistics 
        environments'' after ``vulnerabilities''.
    (b) Establishment of Working Group.--Such section is further 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting `` 
        and in coordination with the working group under subsection 
        (d)'' after ``components'';
            (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Defense and oversee'' 
        and inserting ``Defense, including the activities of the 
        working group established under subsection (d), and oversee'';
            (C) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``, taking into account 
        the findings of the working group under subsection (d)'' after 
        ``Defense''; and
            (D) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, taking into account 
        the findings of the working group under subsection (d)'' after 
        ``resilience'';
        (2) by redesignating subsections (d) through (f) as subsections 
    (e) through (g), respectively;
        (3) by inserting after subsection (c), as amended by paragraph 
    (1), the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Working Group.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
a working group to integrate efforts to mitigate contested logistics 
challenges through the reduction of operational energy demand that are 
carried out within each armed force, across the armed forces, and with 
the Office of the Secretary of Defense and to conduct other coordinated 
functions relating to such efforts.
    ``(2) The head of the working group under paragraph (1) shall be 
the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
Environment. The Assistant Secretary shall supervise the members of the 
working group and provide guidance to such members with respect to 
specific operational energy plans and programs to be carried out 
pursuant to the strategy under subsection (e).
    ``(3) The members of the working group under paragraph (1) shall be 
appointed as follows:
        ``(A) A senior official of each armed force, who shall be 
    nominated by the Secretary concerned and confirmed by the Senate to 
    represent such armed force.
        ``(B) A senior official from each geographic and functional 
    combatant command, who shall be appointed by the commander of the 
    respective combatant command to represent such combatant command.
        ``(C) A senior official under the jurisdiction of the Chairman 
    of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who shall be appointed by the 
    Chairman to represent the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Joint 
    Staff.
    ``(4) Each member of the working group shall be responsible for 
carrying out operational energy plans and programs and implementing 
coordinated initiatives pursuant to the strategy under subsection (e) 
for the respective component of the Department that the member 
represents.
    ``(5) The duties of the working group under paragraph (1) shall be 
as follows:
        ``(A) Planning for the integration of efforts to mitigate 
    contested logistics challenges through the reduction of operational 
    energy demand carried out within each armed force, across the armed 
    forces, and with the Office of the Secretary of Defense.
        ``(B) Developing recommendations regarding the strategy for 
    operational energy under subsection (e).
        ``(C) Developing recommendations relating to the development 
    of, and modernization efforts for, platforms and weapons systems of 
    the armed forces.
        ``(D) Developing recommendations to ensure that such 
    development and modernization efforts lead to increased lethality, 
    extended range, and extended on-station time for tactical assets.
        ``(E) Developing recommendations to mitigate the effects of 
    hostile action by a near-peer adversary targeting operational 
    energy storage and operations of the armed forces, including 
    through the use of innovative delivery systems, distributed 
    storage, flexible contracting, and improved automation.''; and
        (4) in subsection (g), as redesignated by paragraph (2)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``The Secretary of a military 
            department'' and inserting ``Each member of the working 
            group under subsection (d)''; and
                (ii) by striking ``conducted by the military 
            department'' and inserting ``conducted by the respective 
            component of the Department that the member represents for 
            purposes of the working group''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``military department'' 
        and inserting ``armed force''.
    (c) Modifications to Operational Energy Strategy.--Subsection (e) 
of such section, as redesignated by subsection (b)(2), is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(1) The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, 
and Environment, in coordination with the working group under 
subsection (d), shall be responsible for the establishment and 
maintenance of a department-wide transformational strategy for 
operational energy. The strategy shall be updated every five years and 
shall establish near-term, mid-term, and long-term goals, performance 
metrics to measure progress in meeting the goals, and a plan for 
implementation of the strategy within each armed force, across the 
armed forces, and with the Office of the Secretary of Defense.
    ``(2) The strategy required under paragraph (1) shall include the 
following:
        ``(A) A plan to integrate efforts to mitigate contested 
    logistics challenges through the reduction of operational energy 
    demand within each armed force.
        ``(B) An assessment of how industry trends transitioning from 
    the production of internal combustion engines to the development 
    and production of alternative propulsion systems may affect the 
    long-term availability of parts for military equipment, the fuel 
    costs for such equipment, and the sustainability of such equipment.
        ``(C) An assessment of any technologies, including electric, 
    hydrogen, or other sustainable fuel technologies, that may reduce 
    operational energy demand in the near-term or long-term.
        ``(D) An assessment of how the Secretaries concerned and the 
    commanders of the combatant commands can better plan for challenges 
    presented by near-peer adversaries in a contested logistics 
    environment, including through innovative delivery systems, 
    distributed storage, flexible contracting, and improved automation.
        ``(E) An assessment of any infrastructure investments of allied 
    and partner countries that may affect operational energy 
    availability in the event of a conflict with a near-peer adversary.
    ``(3) By authority of the Secretary of Defense, and taking into 
consideration the findings of the working group, the Assistant 
Secretary shall prescribe policies and procedures for the 
implementation of the strategy and make recommendations to the 
Secretary of Defense and Deputy Secretary of Defense with respect to 
specific operational energy plans and programs to be carried out 
pursuant to the strategy.
    ``(4) Not later than 30 days after the date on which the budget for 
fiscal year 2024 is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of 
title 31, and every five years thereafter, the Assistant Secretary 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees the strategy 
required under paragraph (1).''.
    (d) Definition.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Contested Logistics Environment Defined.--In this section, 
the term `contested logistics environment' means an environment in 
which the armed forces engage in conflict with an adversary that 
presents challenges in all domains and directly targets logistics 
operations, facilities, and activities in the United States, abroad, or 
in transit from one location to the other.''.
    (e) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2926(c)(5) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``subsection (e)(4)'' and inserting 
``subsection (f)(4)''.
    (f) Interim Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, 
Installations, and Environment shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees an interim report on any actions taken pursuant to 
the amendments made by this section. Such report shall include an 
update regarding the establishment of the working group under section 
2926(d) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (b).
    (g) Briefing on Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, 
Installations, and Environment.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and 
the Senate a briefing on the status of the following:
        (1) The planned division of responsibilities between the 
    Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment and the Assistant 
    Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and Environment.
        (2) A personnel plan to ensure the adequate manning of support 
    personnel for the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, 
    Installations, and Environment.
        (3) Any additional resources necessary to ensure the ability of 
    the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
    Environment to fulfill the duty required under section 138(b)(7) of 
    title 10, United States Code, and any other duties required of such 
    Assistant Secretary by law.
    SEC. 352. GLOBAL BULK FUEL MANAGEMENT AND DELIVERY.
    (a) Responsibility of United States Transportation Command.--
        (1) In general.--Subchapter III of chapter 173 of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
    new section:
``Sec. 2927. Global bulk fuel management and delivery
    ``(a) Responsible Element.--(1) Beginning during the period 
described in paragraph (2) and permanently thereafter, the United 
States Transportation Command shall be the element responsible for bulk 
fuel management and delivery of the Department of Defense on a global 
basis.
    ``(2) The period described in this paragraph is the period 
beginning on January 1, 2023, and ending on February 1, 2023.
    ``(b) Coordination With Defense Logistics Agency.--In carrying out 
the responsibilities specified in subsection (a), the Commander of the 
United States Transportation Command shall coordinate with the Director 
of the Defense Logistics Agency.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Except to the extent that, prior to 
January 1, 2023, a responsibility specified in subsection (a) was a 
specific function of the Defense Logistics Agency Energy, nothing under 
this section shall be construed as--
        ``(1) limiting any other function of the Defense Logistics 
    Agency Energy; or
        ``(2) requiring the transfer of any function, personnel, or 
    asset from the Defense Logistics Agency Energy to the United States 
    Transportation Command.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents for such 
    subchapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``2927. Global bulk fuel management and delivery.''.

    (b) Briefing.--Not later than July 1, 2022, the Commander of United 
States Transportation Command shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a briefing on 
progress made to carry out the transfer of responsibilities to the 
United States Transportation Command pursuant to section 2927 of title 
10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), including--
        (1) a review of the plan of action for such transfer;
        (2) a review of milestones completed and yet to be completed 
    with respect to such transfer; and
        (3) an identification of any legislative changes or additional 
    resources the Commander determines are necessary to implement such 
    section 2927.
    (c) Global Bulk Fuel Management Strategy.--
        (1) Strategy required.--Not later than October 1, 2022, the 
    Commander of United States Transportation Command shall prepare and 
    submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
    Representatives and the Senate a strategy to develop the 
    infrastructure and programs necessary to optimally support global 
    bulk fuel management of the Department of Defense.
        (2) Additional elements.--The strategy under paragraph (1) 
    shall include the following additional elements:
            (A) A description of the current organizational 
        responsibility for bulk fuel management of the Department, 
        organized by geographic combatant command, including with 
        respect to ordering, storage, and strategic and tactical 
        transportation.
            (B) A description of any legacy bulk fuel management assets 
        of each of the geographic combatant commands.
            (C) A description of the operational plan to exercise such 
        assets to ensure full functionality and to repair, upgrade, or 
        replace such assets as necessary.
            (D) An identification of the resources required for any 
        such repairs, upgrades, or replacements.
            (E) A description of the current programs relating to 
        platforms, weapon systems, or research and development, that 
        are aimed at managing fuel constraints by decreasing demand for 
        fuel.
            (F) An assessment of current and projected threats to 
        forward-based bulk fuel delivery, storage, and distribution 
        systems, and an assessment, based on such current and projected 
        threats, of attrition to bulk fuel infrastructure, including 
        storage and distribution systems, in a conflict involving near-
        peer foreign countries.
            (G) An assessment of current days of supply guidance, 
        petroleum war reserve requirements, and prepositioned war 
        reserve stocks, based on operational tempo associated with 
        distributed operations in a contested environment.
            (H) An identification of the resources required to address 
        any changes to such guidance, requirements, or stocks 
        recommended as the result of such assessment.
            (I) An identification of any global shortfall with respect 
        to bulk fuel management, organized by geographic combatant 
        command, and a prioritized list of investment recommendations 
        to address each shortfall identified.
        (3) Coordination.--In preparing the strategy under paragraph 
    (1), the Commander of United States Transportation Command shall 
    coordinate with subject matter experts of the Joint Staff, the 
    geographic combatant commands, the Defense Logistics Agency, and 
    the military departments.
        (4) Form.--The strategy under paragraph (1) may be submitted in 
    classified form, but if so submitted shall include an unclassified 
    executive summary.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--Section 2854 of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (division B of 
Public Law 116-283) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``The organizational element 
    designated pursuant to subsection (a)'' and inserting ``The 
    Secretary of Defense'';
        (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
    inserting ``subsection (a)'';
        (3) by striking subsections (a) and (d); and
        (4) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c), as amended by 
    paragraphs (1) and (2), as subsections (a) and (b), respectively.
    SEC. 353. TEST AND EVALUATION OF POTENTIAL BIOBASED SOLUTION FOR 
      CORROSION CONTROL AND MITIGATION.
    (a) Test and Evaluation.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Strategic Environmental 
Research and Development Program and the Environmental Security 
Technology Certification Program shall test and evaluate at least one 
existing covered biobased solution for use as an alternative to current 
solutions of the Department of Defense for the control and mitigation 
of corrosion.
    (b) Determination.--Following the test and evaluation of a covered 
biobased solution under subsection (a), the Director shall determine, 
based on such test and evaluation, whether the solution meets the 
following requirements:
        (1) The solution is capable of being produced domestically in 
    sufficient quantities.
        (2) The solution is at least as effective at the control and 
    mitigation of corrosion as current alternative solutions.
        (3) The solution reduces environmental exposures.
    (c) Recommendations.--The Director shall develop recommendations 
for the Department of Defense-wide deployment of covered biobased 
solutions that the Director has determined meet the requirements under 
subsection (b).
    (d) Covered Biobased Solution Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered biobased solution'' means a solution for the control and 
mitigation of corrosion that is domestically produced, commercial, and 
biobased.
    SEC. 354. PILOT PROGRAM ON DIGITAL OPTIMIZATION OF ORGANIC 
      INDUSTRIAL BASE MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OPERATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Beginning not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Sustainment, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall undertake a pilot program under which the 
digitization of the facilities and operations of at least one covered 
depot shall be provided for by the Secretary concerned.
    (b) Elements of Pilot Program.--In carrying out the pilot program 
under this section, the Secretary concerned shall provide for each of 
the following at the covered depot or depots at which the program is 
carried out:
        (1) The creation of a digital twin model of the maintenance, 
    repair, and remanufacturing infrastructure and activities.
        (2) The modeling and simulation of optimized facility 
    configuration, logistics systems, and processes.
        (3) The analysis of material flow and resource use to achieve 
    key performance metrics for all levels of maintenance and repair.
        (4) An assessment of automated, advanced, and additive 
    manufacturing technologies that could improve maintenance, repair, 
    and remanufacturing operations.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the completion of the 
digital twin model and associated analysis, the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Sustainment shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
pilot program. Such report shall include--
        (1) a summary of the cost of the pilot program;
        (2) a description of the efficiencies identified under the 
    pilot program;
        (3) a description of the infrastructure, workforce, and capital 
    equipment investments necessary to achieve such efficiencies;
        (4) any plans to undertake such investments; and
        (5) the assessment of the Assistant Secretary of the value of 
    the pilot program and the potential applicability of the findings 
    of the pilot program to other covered depots.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered depot'' includes any depot covered under 
    section 2476(e) of title 10, United States Code, except for the 
    following:
            (A) Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Maine.
            (B) Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard, Hawaii.
            (C) Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Washington.
            (D) Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Virginia.
        (2) The terms ``military departments'' and ``Secretary 
    concerned'' have the meanings given such terms in section 101 of 
    title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 355. IMPROVED OVERSIGHT FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF SHIPYARD 
      INFRASTRUCTURE OPTIMIZATION PROGRAM OF THE NAVY.
    (a) Updated Plan.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2022, the 
    Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees an update to the plan of the Secretary for 
    implementation of the Shipyard Infrastructure Optimization Program 
    of the Department of the Navy, with the objective of providing 
    increased transparency for the actual costs and schedules 
    associated with infrastructure optimization activities for 
    shipyards covered by such program.
        (2) Updated cost estimates.--The updated plan required under 
    paragraph (1) shall include updated cost estimates comprising the 
    most recent costs of capital improvement projects for each of the 
    four public shipyards covered by the Shipyard Infrastructure 
    Optimization Program.
    (b) Briefing Requirement.--
        (1) In general.--Before the start of physical construction with 
    respect to a covered project, the Secretary of the Navy or a 
    designee of the Secretary shall brief each of the congressional 
    defense committees on such project, regardless of the source of 
    funding for such project.
        (2) Written information.--Before conducting a briefing under 
    paragraph (1) with respect to a covered project, the Secretary of 
    the Navy or a designee of the Secretary shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees in writing the following 
    information:
            (A) An updated cost estimate for such project that--
                (i) meets the standards of the Association for the 
            Advancement of Cost Engineering for a Level 1 or Level 2 
            cost estimate; or
                (ii) is an independent cost estimate.
            (B) A schedule for such project that is comprehensive, 
        well-constructed, credible, and controlled pursuant to the 
        Schedule Assessment Guide: Best Practices for Project Schedules 
        (GAO-16-89G) set forth by the Comptroller General of the United 
        States in December 2015, or successor guide.
            (C) An estimate of the likelihood that programmed and 
        planned funds for such project will be sufficient for the 
        completion of the project.
        (3) Covered project defined.--In this subsection, the term 
    ``covered project'' means a shipyard project under the Shipyard 
    Infrastructure Optimization Program--
            (A) with a contract awarded on or after October 1, 2024; 
        and
            (B) valued at $250,000,000 or more.
    (c) Annual Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2022, and not 
    later than December 31 of each year thereafter, the Commander of 
    the Naval Sea Systems Command, in coordination with the Program 
    Manager Ships 555, shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report detailing the use by the Department of the Navy 
    of funding for all efforts associated with the Shipyard 
    Infrastructure Optimization Program, including the use of amounts 
    made available by law to support the projects identified in the 
    plan to implement such program, including any update to such plan 
    under subsection (a).
        (2) Elements.--Each report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include updated cost and schedule estimates--
            (A) for the plan to implement the Shipyard Optimization 
        Program, including any update to such plan under subsection 
        (a); and
            (B) for each dry dock, major facility, and infrastructure 
        project valued at $250,000,000 or more under such program.
    (d) Comptroller General Report.--
        (1) Report.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than May 1, 2023, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the progress of the Secretary of 
        the Navy in implementing the Shipyard Infrastructure 
        Optimization Program, including--
                (i) the progress of the Secretary in completing the 
            first annual report required under such program; and
                (ii) the cost and schedule estimates for full 
            implementation of such program.
            (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph (A) 
        shall include the following:
                (i) An assessment of the extent to which the cost 
            estimate for the updated optimization plan for the Shipyard 
            Infrastructure Optimization Program is consistent with 
            leading practices for cost estimation.
                (ii) An assessment of the extent to which the project 
            schedule for such program is comprehensive, well-
            constructed, credible, and controlled.
                (iii) An assessment of whether programmed and planned 
            funds for a project under such program will be sufficient 
            for the completion of the project.
                (iv) Such other related matters as the Comptroller 
            General considers appropriate.
        (2) Initial briefing.--Not later than April 1, 2023, the 
    Comptroller General shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of 
    the Senate and the House of Representatives on the preliminary 
    findings of the report under paragraph (1).
    SEC. 356. REPORT AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS REGARDING 
      SUSTAINMENT COSTS FOR FIGHTER AIRCRAFT PROGRAMS.
    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on individual aircraft fleet 
sustainment costs for the F-35 A/B/C, F/A-18 C/D/E/F/G, AV-8B, A-10C, 
F-16 C/D, F-22, and F-15 C/E/EX aircraft fleets. Such report shall 
include the following:
        (1) A detailed description and explanation of, and the actual 
    cost data related to, current sustainment costs for the aircraft 
    fleets specified in this subsection, including an identification 
    and assessment of cost elements attributable to the Federal 
    Government or to contractors (disaggregated by the entity 
    responsible for each portion of the cost element, including for a 
    prime contractor and any first-tier subcontractor) with respect to 
    such sustainment costs.
        (2) An identification of sustainment cost metrics for each 
    aircraft fleet specified in this subsection for each of fiscal 
    years 2022 through 2026, expressed in cost-per-tail-per-year 
    format.
    (b) Limitation on Certain F-35 Contracts.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may not enter into a 
    performance-based logistics sustainment contract for the F-35 
    airframe or engine programs, or modify an existing contract for the 
    F-35 airframe or engine programs to require the use of a 
    performance-based logistics sustainment contract, unless the 
    Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees a 
    certification that the Secretary has determined such a performance-
    based logistics contract will--
            (A) reduce sustainment or operating costs for the F-35 
        airframe or engine programs; or
            (B) increase readiness rates, full and partial mission 
        capability rates, or airframe and engine availability rates of 
        the F-35 weapon system.
        (2) Certification.--Any certification submitted pursuant to 
    paragraph (1) shall include a cost-benefit analysis comparing an 
    existing contract for the F-35 airframe or engine programs with a 
    performance-based logistics sustainment contract for the F-35 
    airframe or engine programs.
        (3) Applicability.--The limitation under paragraph (1) shall 
    not apply with respect to the termination, modification, exercise 
    of a contract option for, or other action relating to, a contract 
    for the F-35 program entered into prior to the date of the 
    enactment of this Act unless such termination, modification, 
    exercise, or other action would require the use of a performance-
    based logistics sustainment contract as specified in paragraph (1).
    (c) Cost-per-tail-per-year Calculation.--For purposes of this 
section, the average cost-per-tail of a variant of an aircraft of an 
Armed Force shall be determined by--
        (1) adding the total amount expended for a fiscal year (in base 
    year fiscal 2012 dollars) for all such aircraft in the inventory of 
    an Armed Force for--
            (A) unit level manpower;
            (B) unit operations;
            (C) maintenance;
            (D) sustaining support;
            (E) continuing system support; and
            (F) modifications; and
        (2) dividing the sum resulting under paragraph (1) by the 
    average number of such aircraft in the inventory of an Armed Force 
    during such fiscal year.
    SEC. 357. COMPTROLLER GENERAL ANNUAL REVIEWS OF F-35 SUSTAINMENT 
      EFFORTS.
    (a) Annual Reviews and Briefings.--Not later than March 1 of each 
year of 2022, 2023, 2024, and 2025, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall--
        (1) conduct an annual review of the sustainment efforts of the 
    Department of Defense with respect to the F-35 aircraft program 
    (including the air vehicle and propulsion elements of such 
    program); and
        (2) provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
    Representatives and the Senate a briefing on such review, including 
    any findings of the Comptroller General as a result of such review.
    (b) Elements.--Each review under subsection (a)(1) shall include an 
assessment of the following:
        (1) The status of the sustainment strategy of the Department 
    for the F-35 Lightning II aircraft program.
        (2) The Department oversight and prime contractor management of 
    key sustainment functions with respect to the F-35 aircraft 
    program.
        (3) The ability of the Department to reduce the costs, or 
    otherwise maintain the affordability, of the sustainment of the F-
    35 fleet.
        (4) Any other matters regarding the sustainment or 
    affordability of the F-35 aircraft program that the Comptroller 
    General determines to be of critical importance to the long-term 
    viability of such program.
    (c) Reports.--Following the provision of each briefing under 
subsection (a)(2), at such time as is mutually agreed upon by the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate and the Comptroller General, the Comptroller General shall 
submit to such committees a report on the matters covered by the 
briefing.

                          Subtitle F--Reports

    SEC. 361. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION REGARDING BORROWED MILITARY 
      MANPOWER IN READINESS REPORTS.
    Section 482(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph (11); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(10) Information regarding the extent to which any member of 
    the armed forces is assigned or detailed outside the member's unit 
    or away from training in order to perform any function that had 
    previously been performed by civilian employees of the Federal 
    Government.''.
    SEC. 362. ANNUAL REPORT ON MATERIAL READINESS OF NAVY SHIPS.
    Section 8674(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``submit to the'' and inserting ``provide 
        to the'';
            (B) by inserting ``a briefing and submit to such 
        committees'' after ``congressional defense committees''; and
            (C) by striking ``setting forth'' and inserting 
        ``regarding'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking ``in an unclassified form that is 
        releasable to the public without further redaction.'' and 
        inserting ``in--''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
        ``(A) a classified form; and
        ``(B) an unclassified form that is releasable to the public 
    without further redaction.''; and
        (3) by striking paragraph (3).
    SEC. 363. INCIDENT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      REGARDING LOST OR STOLEN WEAPONS.
    (a) In General.--For each of fiscal years 2022, 2023, and 2024, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on security, 
control, thefts, losses, and recoveries of sensitive conventional arms, 
ammunition, and explosives (commonly referred to as ``AA&E'') of the 
Department of Defense during such year, including the following:
        (1) M-16 or M4s.
        (2) Light automatic weapons up to and including M249, M2, and 
    40mm MK19 machine guns.
        (3) Functional launch tube with umbilical squib installed and 
    grip stock for the Stinger missile.
        (4) Launch tube, sight assembly, and grip stock for missiles.
        (5) Tracker for the Dragon missile.
        (6) Mortar tubes up to and including 81mm.
        (7) Grenade launchers.
        (8) Rocket and missile launchers with an unpacked weight of 100 
    pounds or less.
        (9) Flame throwers.
        (10) The launcher, missile guidance se, or the optical sight 
    for the TOW and the Javelin Command Launch Unit.
        (11) Single shot and semi-automatic (non-automatic) shoulder-
    fired weapons such as shotguns and bolt action rifles and weapons 
    barrels.
        (12) Handguns.
        (13) Recoil-less rifles up to and including 106mm.
        (14) Man-portable missiles and rockets in a ready-to-fire 
    configuration or when jointly stored or transported with the 
    launcher tube or grip-stock and the explosive round.
        (15) Stinger missiles.
        (16) Dragon, Javelin, light antitank weapon (66mm), shoulder-
    launched multi-purpose assault weapon rocket (83mm), M136 (AT4) 
    anti-armor launcher and cartridge (84mm).
        (17) Missiles and rockets that are crew-served or require 
    platform-mounted launchers and other equipment to function, 
    including HYDRA-70 rockets and tube-launched optically wire guided 
    (TOW) missiles.
        (18) Missiles and rockets that require platform-mounted 
    launchers and complex hardware equipment to function including the 
    HELLFIRE missile.
        (19) Explosive rounds of any missile or rocket listed in 
    paragraphs (1) through (18).
        (20) Hand or rifle grenades (high-explosive and white 
    phosphorous).
        (21) Antitank or antipersonnel mines.
        (22) Explosives used in demolition operations, C-4, military 
    dynamite, and trinitrotoluene (TNT).
        (23) Warheads for sensitive missiles and rockets weighing less 
    than 50 pounds each.
        (24) Ammunition that is .50 caliber or larger with explosive-
    filled projectile.
        (25) Incendiary grenades and fuses for high-explosive grenades.
        (26) Blasting caps.
        (27) Supplementary charges.
        (28) Bulk explosives.
        (29) Detonating cord.
        (30) Riot control agents.
    (b) Immediate Reporting of Confirmed Thefts, Losses, and 
Recoveries.--Not later than 72 hours after a confirmed theft, loss, or 
recovery of a sensitive conventional arm, ammunition, or explosive 
covered by the report required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
report such theft, loss, or recovery to the National Crime Information 
Center and local law enforcement.
    SEC. 364. STRATEGY AND ANNUAL REPORT ON CRITICAL LANGUAGE 
      PROFICIENCY OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES.
    (a) Strategy.--
        (1) Strategy required.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
    of the enactment of this Act, the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
    for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict, in coordination 
    with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a strategy to improve the 
    language proficiency of the special operations forces of the Armed 
    Forces, including by identifying individuals who have proficiency 
    in a critical language and recruiting and retaining such 
    individuals in the special operations forces.
        (2) Elements.--The strategy under paragraph (1) shall include 
    the following:
            (A) A baseline of foreign language proficiency requirements 
        to be implemented within the special operations forces, 
        disaggregated by Armed Force and by critical language.
            (B) Annual recruitment targets for the number of candidates 
        with demonstrated proficiency in a critical language to be 
        selected for participation in the initial assessment and 
        qualification programs of the special operations forces.
            (C) A description of current and planned efforts of the 
        Secretaries concerned and the Assistant Secretary to meet such 
        annual recruitment targets.
            (D) A description of any training programs used to enhance 
        or maintain foreign language proficiency within the special 
        operations forces, including any nongovernmental programs used.
            (E) An annual plan to enhance and maintain foreign language 
        proficiency within the special operations forces of each Armed 
        Force.
            (F) An annual plan to retain members of the special 
        operation forces of each Armed Force who have proficiency in a 
        foreign language.
            (G) A description of current and projected capabilities and 
        activities that the Assistant Secretary determines are 
        necessary to maintain proficiency in critical languages within 
        the special operations forces.
            (H) A plan to implement a training program for members of 
        the special operations forces who serve in positions that the 
        Assistant Secretary determines require proficiency in a 
        critical language to support the Department of Defense in 
        strategic competition.
    (b) Reports Required.--Not later than December 31, 2022, and 
annually thereafter until December 31, 2025, the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict, in 
coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the strategy 
required under subsection (a), including progress in achieving the 
objectives of the strategy with respect to the recruitment, training, 
and retention of members of the special operations forces who have 
proficiency in a critical language.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``critical language'' means a language identified 
    by the Director of the National Security Education Program as 
    critical to national security.
        (2) The terms ``military departments'' and ``Secretary 
    concerned'' have the meanings given such terms in section 101 of 
    title 10, United States Code.
        (3) The term ``proficiency'' means proficiency in a language, 
    as assessed by the Defense Language Proficiency Test.
        (4) The term ``special operations forces'' means forces 
    described under section 167(j) of title 10, United States Code.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

    SEC. 371. MILITARY AVIATION AND INSTALLATION ASSURANCE 
      CLEARINGHOUSE MATTERS.
    (a) Strategy to Test and Integrate Wind Turbine Interference 
Mitigation Strategies.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
the Air Force, in coordination with the Commander of United States 
Northern Command and the Commander of North American Aerospace Defense 
Command, shall develop a strategy to test and integrate wind turbine 
interference mitigation technologies into radars and the air 
surveillance command and control architecture of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Modification of Clearinghouse Requirements.--Section 183a(c) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following new 
    subparagraph:
    ``(C) A notice of presumed risk issued under subparagraph (A) is a 
preliminary assessment only and does not represent a formal objection 
pursuant to subsection (e). Discussions of possible mitigation actions 
under such subparagraph could favorably resolve any concerns identified 
in the notice of presumed risk.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(8) If, in reviewing an application for an energy project 
pursuant to paragraph (1), the Clearinghouse finds no adverse impact on 
military operations under section 44718(b)(1) of title 49, the 
Clearinghouse shall communicate to the Secretary of Transportation in 
writing, not later than five business days after making such finding, 
the following: `No Part 77 concerns, national security review 
ongoing.'.''.
    SEC. 372. ESTABLISHMENT OF JOINT SAFETY COUNCIL.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 7 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 183a the following new section:
``Sec. 184. Joint Safety Council
    ``(a) In General.--There is established, within the Office of the 
Deputy Secretary of Defense, a Joint Safety Council (in this section 
referred to as the `Council').
    ``(b) Membership; Appointment; Compensation.--(1) The Council shall 
be composed of voting members as follows:
        ``(A) The Director of Safety for each military department.
        ``(B) An employee of the Department of Defense who is a career 
    member of the Senior Executive Service and has a demonstrated 
    record of success in the implementation of programs within the 
    Department of Defense (as determined by the Deputy Secretary of 
    Defense), appointed by the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
        ``(C) One member of the armed forces or civilian employee from 
    each military department, appointed by the Secretary concerned.
        ``(D) Such additional members as may be determined by the 
    Deputy Secretary of Defense.
    ``(2)(A) Each member of the Council shall serve at the will of the 
official who appointed that member.
    ``(B) Any vacancy on the Council shall be filled in the same manner 
as the original appointment.
    ``(3) Members of the Council may not receive additional pay, 
allowances, or benefits by reason of their service on the Council.
    ``(c) Chairperson and Vice Chairperson.--(1)(A) The Secretary of 
Defense, or the designee of the Secretary, shall select one of the 
members of the Council who is a member of the armed forces to serve as 
the Chairperson of the Council.
    ``(B) The Chairperson shall serve for a term of two years and shall 
be responsible for--
        ``(i) serving as the Director of Safety for the Department of 
    Defense;
        ``(ii) serving as principal advisor to the Secretary of Defense 
    regarding military safety and related regulations and policy 
    reforms, including issues regarding maintenance, supply chains, 
    personnel management, and training;
        ``(iii) overseeing all duties and activities of the Council, 
    including the conduct of military safety studies and the issuance 
    of safety guidance to the military departments;
        ``(iv) working with, and advising, the Secretaries of the 
    military departments through appointed safety chiefs to implement 
    standardized safety guidance across the military departments;
        ``(v) submitting to the Secretary of Defense and Congress an 
    annual report reviewing the compliance of each military department 
    with the guidance described in clause (iv);
        ``(vi) advising Congress on issues relating to military safety 
    and reforms; and
        ``(vii) overseeing coordination with other Federal agencies, 
    including the Federal Aviation Administration, to inform military 
    aviation safety guidance and reforms.
    ``(2) The individual appointed under subsection (b)(1)(B) shall 
serve as the Vice Chairperson. The Vice Chairperson shall report to the 
Chairperson and shall serve as Chairperson in the absence of the 
Chairperson.
    ``(d) Responsibilities.--The Council shall carry out the following 
responsibilities:
        ``(1) Subject to subsection (e), issuing, publishing, and 
    updating regulations related to joint safety, including regulations 
    on the reporting and investigation of mishaps.
        ``(2) With respect to mishap data--
            ``(A) establishing uniform data collection standards and a 
        repository, that is accessible Department-wide, of data for 
        mishaps in the Department of Defense;
            ``(B) reviewing the compliance of each military department 
        in adopting and using the uniform data collection standards 
        established under subparagraph (A); and
            ``(C) reviewing mishap data to assess, identify, and 
        prioritize risk mitigation efforts and safety improvement 
        efforts across the Department.
        ``(3) With respect to non-mishap data--
            ``(A) establishing standards and requirements for the 
        collection of aircraft, equipment, simulator, airfield, range, 
        pilot, and operator data;
            ``(B) establishing standards and requirements for the 
        collection of ground vehicle equipment and crew data; and
            ``(C) establishing requirements for each military 
        department to collect and analyze any waivers issued relating 
        to pilot or operator qualifications or standards.
        ``(4) Reviewing and assessing civil and commercial aviation 
    safety programs and practices to determine the suitability of such 
    programs and practices for implementation in the military 
    departments.
        ``(5) Establishing, in consultation with the Administrator of 
    the Federal Aviation Administration, a requirement for each 
    military department to implement an aviation safety management 
    system.
        ``(6) Establishing, in consultation with the heads of 
    appropriate Federal departments and agencies, a requirement for 
    each military department to implement a separate safety management 
    program for ground vehicles and ships.
        ``(7) Reviewing the proposal of each military department for 
    the safety management systems described in paragraphs (9) and (10).
        ``(8) Reviewing the implementation of such systems by each 
    military department.
        ``(9) Ensuring each military department has in place a system 
    to monitor the implementation of recommendations made in safety and 
    legal investigation reports of mishap incidents.
    ``(e) Oversight.--The decisions and recommendations of the Council 
are subject to review and approval by the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
    ``(f) Staff.--(1) The Council may appoint staff in accordance with 
section 3101 of title 5.
    ``(2) The Council may accept persons on detail from within the 
Department of Defense and from other Federal departments or agencies on 
a reimbursable or non-reimbursable basis.
    ``(g) Contract Authority.--The Council may enter into contracts for 
the acquisition of administrative supplies, equipment, and personnel 
services for use by the Council, to the extent that funds are available 
for such purposes.
    ``(h) Procurement of Temporary and Intermittent Services.--The 
Chairperson may procure temporary and intermittent services under 
section 3109(b) of title 5 at rates for individuals which do not exceed 
the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay prescribed for 
level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of such title.
    ``(i) Data Collection.--(1) Under regulations issued by the 
Secretary of Defense, the Council shall have access to Department of 
Defense databases necessary to carry out its responsibilities, 
including causal factors to be used for mishap reduction purposes.
    ``(2) Under regulations issued by the Secretary of Defense, the 
Council may enter into agreements with the Federal Aviation 
Administration, the National Transportation Safety Board, and any other 
Federal agency regarding the sharing of safety data.
    ``(3) Data collected by the Council pursuant to this subsection may 
include privileged safety information that is protected from disclosure 
or discovery to any person.
    ``(j) Meetings.--The Council shall meet quarterly and at the call 
of the Chairperson.
    ``(k) Report.--The Chair of the Council shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees semi-annual reports on the activities 
of the Council.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
183a the following new item:
``184. Joint Safety Council.''.

    (c) Deadlines.--
        (1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure the 
    establishment of the Joint Safety Council under section 184 of 
    title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), by not 
    later than the date that is 120 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act.
        (2) Appointment of first members.--The initial members of the 
    Joint Safety Council established under such section 184 shall be 
    appointed by not later than the date that is 120 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act.
        (3) Directors of safety.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
    of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each military 
    department shall ensure there is appointed as the Director of 
    Safety for the military department concerned an officer of that 
    military department in pay grade O-8 or above.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that includes the following:
        (1) A description of the measures the Secretary plans to take 
    to correct the issues identified in the report of the National 
    Commission on Military Aviation Safety submitted to the President 
    and Congress and dated December 1, 2020.
        (2) A statement as to whether the Secretary concurs or 
    disagrees with the findings of such report.
        (3) A detailed plan of action for the implementation of each 
    recommendation included in such report.
        (4) Any additional recommendations the Secretary determines are 
    necessary to apply the findings of the National Commission on 
    Military Aviation Safety in such report to all aspects of military 
    safety.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Of the amounts authorized to 
be appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act for Military 
Personnel Appropriations for fiscal year 2022, $4,000,000 shall be made 
available for the Joint Safety Council established under section 184 of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).
    SEC. 373. IMPROVEMENTS AND CLARIFICATIONS RELATED TO MILITARY 
      WORKING DOGS.
    (a) Prohibition on Charge for Transfer of Military Animals.--
Section 2583(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``may'' and inserting ``shall''.
    (b) Inclusion of Military Working Dogs in Certain Research.--
Section 708(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (7), by striking ``of members of the Armed 
    Forces'' and inserting ``with respect to both members of the Armed 
    Forces and military working dogs''; and
        (2) by striking paragraph (9) and inserting the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(9) To inform and advise the conduct of research on the 
    leading causes of morbidity and mortality of members of the Armed 
    Forces and military working dogs in combat.''.
    SEC. 374. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO EXTEND CONTRACTS AND 
      LEASES UNDER THE ARMS INITIATIVE.
    Section 343 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 7554 note) is amended by 
striking ``the date that is five years after the date of the enactment 
of this Act'' and inserting ``November 25, 2025,''.
    SEC. 375. AUTHORITY TO MAINTAIN ACCESS TO CATEGORY 3 SUBTERRANEAN 
      TRAINING FACILITY.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may ensure that the 
Department of Defense maintains access to a covered category 3 
subterranean training facility on a continuing basis.
    (b) Authority to Enter Into Lease.--The Secretary of Defense is 
authorized to enter into a short-term lease with a provider of a 
covered category 3 subterranean training facility for purposes of 
carrying out subsection (a).
    (c) Covered Category 3 Subterranean Training Facility Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``covered category 3 subterranean training 
facility'' means a category 3 subterranean training facility that is--
        (1) operational as of the date of the enactment of this Act; 
    and
        (2) deemed safe for use as of such date.
    SEC. 376. ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION REVIEW BOARD.
    (a) Proposal for Establishment of Board.--The Deputy Secretary of 
Defense shall develop a proposal for the establishment of an Accident 
Investigation Review Board (in this section referred to as the 
``Board'') to provide independent oversight and review of the legal 
investigations conducted by the Department of Defense outside of the 
safety process into the facts and circumstances surrounding operational 
and training accidents. The proposal shall include recommendations 
relating to--
        (1) the size and composition of the Board;
        (2) the process by which the Board would screen accident 
    investigations to identify unsatisfactory, biased, incomplete, or 
    insufficient investigations requiring subsequent review by the 
    Board, including whether the Board should review investigations 
    meeting a predetermined threshold (such as all fatal accidents or 
    all Class A mishaps);
        (3) the process by which the military departments and other 
    components of the Department of Defense could refer pending or 
    completed accident investigations to the Board for review;
        (4) the process by which the Board would evaluate a particular 
    accident investigation for accuracy, thoroughness, and objectivity;
        (5) the requirements for and process by which the convening 
    component of an investigation reviewed by the Board should address 
    the findings of the Board's review of that particular 
    investigation;
        (6) proposed procedures for safeguarding privileged and 
    sensitive data and safety information collected during the 
    investigation review process; and
        (7) how and when the Board would be required to report to the 
    Deputy Secretary of Defense on the activities of the Board, the 
    outcomes of individual investigation reviews performed by the 
    Board, and the assessment of the Board regarding cross-cutting 
    themes and trends identified by those reviews.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Deputy Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committee the proposal required by subsection 
(a) and a timeline for establishing the Board.
    SEC. 377. IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPTROLLER GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS ON 
      PREVENTING TACTICAL VEHICLE TRAINING ACCIDENTS.
    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, each Secretary concerned shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees and to the Comptroller General of the 
United States a plan to address the recommendations in the report of 
the Government Accountability Office entitled ``Army and Marine Corps 
Should Take Additional Actions to Mitigate and Prevent Training 
Accidents'' (GAO-21-361). Each such plan shall include, with respect to 
each recommendation in such report that the Secretary concerned has 
implemented or intends to implement--
        (1) a summary of actions that have been or will be taken to 
    implement the recommendation; and
        (2) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
    implementation of the recommendation.
    (b) Deadline for Implementation.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not later 
    than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
    Secretary concerned shall carry out activities to implement the 
    plan of the Secretary developed under subsection (a).
        (2) Exception for implementation of certain recommendations.--
            (A) Delayed implementation.--A Secretary concerned may 
        initiate implementation of a recommendation in the report 
        referred to in subsection (a) after the date specified in 
        paragraph (1) if, on or before such date, the Secretary 
        provides to the congressional defense committees a specific 
        justification for the delay in implementation of such 
        recommendation.
            (B) Nonimplementation.--A Secretary concerned may decide 
        not to implement a recommendation in the report referred to in 
        subsection (a) if, on or before the date specified in paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary provides to the congressional defense 
        committees--
                (i) a specific justification for the decision not to 
            implement the recommendation; and
                (ii) a summary of alternative actions the Secretary 
            plans to take to address the conditions underlying the 
            recommendation.
    (c) Secretary Concerned.--In this section, the term ``Secretary 
concerned'' means--
        (1) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to the Army; and
        (2) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to the Navy.
    SEC. 378. REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO EMISSIONS CONTROL TACTICS, 
      TECHNIQUES, AND PROCEDURES.
    (a) Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a review 
of current electromagnetic spectrum emissions control tactics, 
techniques, and procedures across the joint force.
    (b) Requirements.--Not later than 60 days after completing the 
review under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall direct each 
Secretary of a military department to update or establish, as 
applicable, standard tactics, techniques, and procedures, including 
down to the operational level, pertaining to emissions control 
discipline during all phases of operations.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the implementation status of the tactics, 
techniques, and procedures updated or established, as applicable, under 
subsection (b) by each of the military departments, including--
        (1) incorporation into doctrine of the military departments;
        (2) integration into training of the military departments; and
        (3) efforts to coordinate with the militaries of partner 
    countries and allies to develop similar standards and associated 
    protocols, including through the use of working groups.
    SEC. 379. MANAGEMENT OF FATIGUE AMONG CREW OF NAVAL SURFACE SHIPS 
      AND RELATED IMPROVEMENTS.
    (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of the Navy shall implement each 
recommendation for executive action set forth in the report of the 
Government Accountability Office titled ``Navy Readiness: Additional 
Efforts Are Needed to Manage Fatigue, Reduce Crewing Shortfalls, and 
Implement Training'' (GAO-21-366).
    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees and the Comptroller General a report 
on the status of actions taken by the Secretary to monitor crew fatigue 
and ensure equitable fatigue management throughout the naval surface 
ship fleet in accordance with subsection (a). Such report shall include 
the following:
        (1) An assessment of the extent of crew fatigue throughout the 
    naval surface ship fleet.
        (2) A description of the metrics used to assess the extent of 
    fatigue pursuant to paragraph (1).
        (3) An identification of results-oriented goals for effective 
    fatigue management.
        (4) An identification of timeframes for achieving the goals 
    identified pursuant to paragraph (3).
    (c) Comptroller General Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date on which the Comptroller General receives the report under 
subsection (b), the Comptroller General shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the extent to which the 
actions and goals described in the report meet the requirements of 
subsection (a).
    SEC. 380. AUTHORITY FOR ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE NEXT GENERATION RADAR 
      SYSTEMS CAPABILITIES.
    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may undertake activities 
to enhance future radar systems capabilities, including the following:
        (1) Designating specific industry, academic, government, or 
    public-private partnership entities to provide expertise in the 
    repair, sustainment, and support of radar systems to meet current 
    and future defense requirements, as appropriate.
        (2) Facilitating collaboration among academia, the Federal 
    Government, the defense industry, and the commercial sector, 
    including with respect to radar system repair and sustainment 
    activities.
        (3) Establishing advanced research and workforce training and 
    educational programs to enhance future radar systems capabilities.
        (4) Establishing goals for research in areas of study relevant 
    to advancing technology and facilitating better understanding of 
    radar systems in defense systems and operational activities, 
    including continuing education and training goals.
        (5) Increasing communications and personnel exchanges with 
    radar systems experts in industry to support adoption of state-of-
    the-art technologies and operational practices, especially to 
    support meeting future defense needs related to radar systems in 
    autonomous systems.
        (6) Establishing agreements with one or more institutions of 
    higher education or other organizations in academia or industry to 
    provide for activities authorized under this section.
        (7) Partnering with nonprofit institutions and private industry 
    with expertise in radar systems to support activities authorized 
    under this section.
        (8) Establishing research centers and facilities, including 
    centers of excellence, as appropriate to support activities 
    authorized under this section, especially to promote partnerships 
    between government, industry, and academia.
    (b) Institution of Higher Education Defined.--The term 
``institution of higher education'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
    SEC. 381. PILOT PROGRAM ON MILITARY WORKING DOG AND EXPLOSIVES 
      DETECTION CANINE HEALTH AND EXCELLENCE.
    (a) Pilot Program.--Not later than September 31, 2022, the 
Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program to ensure the 
health and excellence of explosives detection military working dogs. 
Under such pilot program, the Secretary shall consult with domestic 
breeders of working dog lines, covered institutions of higher 
education, and covered national domestic canine associations, to--
        (1) facilitate the presentation, both in a central location and 
    at regional field evaluations in the United States, of 
    domestically-bred explosives detection military working dogs for 
    assessment for procurement by the Department of Defense, at a rate 
    of at least 250 canines presented per fiscal year;
        (2) facilitate the delivery and communication to domestic 
    breeders, covered institutions of higher education, and covered 
    national domestic canine associations, of information regarding--
            (A) any specific needs or requirements for the future 
        acquisition by the Department of explosives detection military 
        working dogs; and
            (B) any factors identified as relevant to the success or 
        failure of explosives detection military working dogs presented 
        for assessment pursuant to this section;
        (3) collect information on the biological and health factors of 
    explosives detection military working dogs procured by the 
    Department, and make such information available for academic 
    research and to domestic breeders;
        (4) collect and make available genetic and phenotypic 
    information, including canine rearing and training data for study 
    by domestic breeders and covered institutions of higher education, 
    for the further development of working canines that are bred, 
    raised, and trained domestically; and
        (5) evaluate current Department guidance for the procurement of 
    military working dogs to ensure that pricing structures and 
    procurement requirements for foreign and domestic canine 
    procurements accurately account for input cost differences between 
    foreign and domestic canines.
    (b) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot program 
under subsection (a) shall terminate on October 1, 2024.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered institution of higher education'' means 
    an institution of higher education, as such term is defined in 
    section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001), 
    with demonstrated expertise in veterinary medicine for working 
    canines.
        (2) The term ``covered national domestic canine association'' 
    means a national domestic canine association with demonstrated 
    expertise in the breeding and pedigree of working canine lines.
        (3) The term ``explosives detection military working dog'' 
    means a canine that, in connection with the work duties of the 
    canine performed for the Department of Defense, is certified and 
    trained to detect odors indicating the presence of explosives in a 
    given object or area, in addition to the performance of such other 
    duties for the Department as may be assigned.
    SEC. 382. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RESPONSE TO MILITARY LAZING 
      INCIDENTS.
    (a) Investigation Into Lazing of Military Aircraft.--
        (1) Investigation required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
    conduct a formal investigation into all incidents of lazing of 
    military aircraft that occurred during fiscal year 2021. The 
    Secretary shall carry out such investigation in coordination and 
    collaboration with appropriate non-Department of Defense entities.
        (2) Report to congress.--Not later than March 31, 2022, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report on the findings of the investigation conducted pursuant to 
    paragraph (1).
    (b) Information Sharing.--The Secretary shall seek to increase 
information sharing between the Department of Defense and the States 
with respect to incidents of lazing of military aircraft, including by 
entering into memoranda of understanding with State law enforcement 
agencies on information sharing in connection with such incidents to 
provide for procedures for closer cooperation with local law 
enforcement in responding to such incidents as soon as they are 
reported.
    (c) Data Collection and Tracking.--The Secretary shall collect such 
data as may be necessary to track the correlation between noise 
complaints and incidents of military aircraft lazing.
    (d) Operating Procedures.--The Secretary shall give consideration 
to adapting local operating procedures in areas with high incidence of 
military aircraft lazing incidents to reduce potential injury to 
aircrew.
    (e) Eye Protection.--The Secretary shall examine the availability 
of commercial off-the-shelf laser eye protection equipment that 
protects against the most commonly available green light lasers that 
are available to the public. If the Secretary determines that no such 
laser eye protection equipment is available, the Secretary shall 
conduct research and develop such equipment.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.
Sec. 403. Additional authority to vary Space Force end strength.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Accounting of reserve component members performing active duty 
          or full-time National Guard duty towards authorized end 
          strengths.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

    SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.
    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2022, as follows:
        (1) The Army, 485,000.
        (2) The Navy, 346,920.
        (3) The Marine Corps, 178,500.
        (4) The Air Force, 329,220.
        (5) The Space Force, 8,400.
    SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
      LEVELS.
    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (5) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
        ``(1) For the Army, 485,000.
        ``(2) For the Navy, 346,920.
        ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 178,500.
        ``(4) For the Air Force, 329,220.
        ``(5) For the Space Force, 8,400.''.
    SEC. 403. ADDITIONAL AUTHORITY TO VARY SPACE FORCE END STRENGTH.
    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 115(g) of title 10, United 
States Code, upon determination by the Secretary of the Air Force that 
such action would enhance manning and readiness in essential units or 
in critical specialties, the Secretary may vary the end strength 
authorized by Congress for each fiscal year as follows:
        (1) Increase the end strength authorized pursuant to section 
    115(a)(1)(A) for a fiscal year for the Space Force by a number 
    equal to not more than 5 percent of such authorized end strength.
        (2) Decrease the end strength authorized pursuant to section 
    115(a)(1)(A) for a fiscal year for the Space Force by a number 
    equal to not more than 10 percent of such authorized end strength.
    (b) Termination.--The authority provided under subsection (a) shall 
terminate on December 31, 2022.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

    SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2022, as follows:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,000.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 189,500.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 58,600.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 36,800.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 108,300.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,300.
        (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
        (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to serve 
    as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which are on 
    active duty (other than for training) at the end of the fiscal 
    year; and
        (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
    organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
    component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
    unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent at 
    the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.
    SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
      THE RESERVES.
    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2022, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,845.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,293.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 25,333.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 6,003.
    SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).
    (a) In General.--The minimum authorized number of military 
technicians (dual status) as of the last day of fiscal year 2022 for 
the reserve components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding 
section 129 of title 10, United States Code) shall be the following:
        (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 22,294.
        (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
        (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 10,994.
        (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 7,111.
    (b) Limitation on Number of Temporary Military Technicians (dual 
Status).--The number of temporary military technicians (dual-status) 
employed under the authority of subsection (a) may not exceed 25 
percent of the total authorized number specified in such subsection.
    (c) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military technician 
(dual status) employed under the authority of this section be coerced 
by a State into accepting an offer of realignment or conversion to any 
other military status, including as a member of the Active Guard and 
Reserve program of a reserve component. If a military technician (dual 
status) declines to participate in such realignment or conversion, no 
further action will be taken against the individual or the individual's 
position.
    SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
      ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.
    During fiscal year 2022, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.
    SEC. 415. ACCOUNTING OF RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS PERFORMING ACTIVE 
      DUTY OR FULL-TIME NATIONAL GUARD DUTY TOWARDS AUTHORIZED END 
      STRENGTHS.
    Section 115(b)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``1095 days in the previous 1460 days'' and inserting ``1825 
days in the previous 2190 days''.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2022 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in the subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization 
of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2022.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A-- Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Authority with respect to authorized strengths for general and 
          flag officers within the Armed Forces for emerging 
          requirements.
Sec. 502. Time in grade requirements.
Sec. 503. Authority to vary number of Space Force officers considered 
          for promotion to major general.
Sec. 504. Seaman to Admiral-21 program: credit towards retirement.
Sec. 505. Independent assessment of retention of female surface warfare 
          officers.
Sec. 506. Reports on Air Force personnel performing duties of a Nuclear 
          and Missile Operations Officer (13N).

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Modification of grant program supporting science, technology, 
          engineering, and math education in the Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps to include quantum information 
          sciences.
Sec. 512. Prohibition on private funding for interstate deployment of 
          National Guard.
Sec. 513. Access to Tour of Duty system.
Sec. 514. Implementation of certain recommendations regarding use of 
          unmanned aircraft systems by the National Guard.
Sec. 515. Continued National Guard support for FireGuard program.
Sec. 516. Enhancement of National Guard Youth Challenge Program.
Sec. 517. Report on methods to enhance support from the reserve 
          components in response to catastrophic incidents.
Sec. 518. Study on reapportionment of National Guard force structure 
          based on domestic responses.
Sec. 519. Briefing on Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program.

      Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Military Records

Sec. 521. Reduction in service commitment required for participation in 
          career intermission program of a military department.
Sec. 522. Improvements to military accessions in Armed Forces under the 
          jurisdiction of the Secretaries of the military departments.
Sec. 523. Notice program relating to options for naturalization.
Sec. 524. Appeals to Physical Evaluation Board determinations of fitness 
          for duty.
Sec. 525. Command oversight of military privatized housing as element of 
          performance evaluations.
Sec. 526. Feasibility study on establishment of housing history for 
          members of the Armed Forces who reside in housing provided by 
          the United States.
Sec. 527. Enhancements to national mobilization exercises.
Sec. 528. Temporary exemption from end strength grade restrictions for 
          the Space Force.
Sec. 529. Report on exemptions and deferments for a possible military 
          draft.
Sec. 529A. Report on processes and procedures for appeal of denial of 
          status or benefits for failure to register for Selective 
          Service.
Sec. 529B. Study and report on administrative separation boards.

                   Subtitle D--Military Justice Reform

                      Part 1--Special Trial Counsel

Sec. 531. Special trial counsel.
Sec. 532. Policies with respect to special trial counsel.
Sec. 533. Definition of military magistrate, covered offense, and 
          special trial counsel.
Sec. 534. Clarification relating to who may convene courts-martial.
Sec. 535. Detail of trial counsel.
Sec. 536. Preliminary hearing.
Sec. 537. Advice to convening authority before referral for trial.
Sec. 538. Former jeopardy.
Sec. 539. Plea agreements.
Sec. 539A. Determinations of impracticability of rehearing.
Sec. 539B. Applicability to the United States Coast Guard.
Sec. 539C. Effective date.

              Part 2--Sexual Harassment; Sentencing Reform

Sec. 539D. Inclusion of sexual harassment as general punitive article.
Sec. 539E. Sentencing reform.

                    Part 3--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 539F. Briefing and report on resourcing required for 
          implementation.
Sec. 539G. Briefing on implementation of certain recommendations of the 
          Independent Review Commission on Sexual Assault in the 
          Military.

          Subtitle E--Other Military Justice and Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Rights of the victim of an offense under the Uniform Code of 
          Military Justice.
Sec. 542. Conduct unbecoming an officer.
Sec. 543. Independent investigation of complaints of sexual harassment.
Sec. 544. Department of Defense tracking of allegations of retaliation 
          by victims of sexual assault or sexual harassment and related 
          persons.
Sec. 545. Modification of notice to victims of pendency of further 
          administrative action following a determination not to refer 
          to trial by court-martial.
Sec. 546. Civilian positions to support Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 547. Plans for uniform document management system, tracking 
          pretrial information, and assessing changes in law.
Sec. 548. Determination and reporting of members missing, absent 
          unknown, absent without leave, and duty status-whereabouts 
          unknown.
Sec. 549. Activities to improve family violence prevention and response.
Sec. 549A. Annual primary prevention research agenda.
Sec. 549B. Primary prevention workforce.
Sec. 549C. Reform and improvement of military criminal investigative 
          organizations.
Sec. 549D. Military defense counsel.
Sec. 549E. Full functionality of Military Justice Review Panel.
Sec. 549F. Military service independent racial disparity review.
Sec. 549G. Inclusion of race and ethnicity in annual reports on sexual 
          assaults; reporting on racial and ethnic demographics in the 
          military justice system.
Sec. 549H. DoD Safe Helpline authorization to perform intake of official 
          restricted and unrestricted reports for eligible adult sexual 
          assault victims.
Sec. 549I. Extension of annual report regarding sexual assaults 
          involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 549J. Study and report on Sexual Assault Response Coordinator 
          military occupational specialty.
Sec. 549K. Amendments to additional Deputy Inspector General of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 549L. Improved Department of Defense prevention of, and response 
          to, bullying in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 549M. Recommendations on separate punitive article in the Uniform 
          Code of Military Justice on violent extremism.
Sec. 549N. Combating foreign malign influence.

         Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, and Transition

Sec. 551. Troops-to-Teachers Program.
Sec. 552. Codification of human relations training for certain members 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 553. Allocation of authority for nominations to the military 
          service academies in the event of the death, resignation, or 
          expulsion from office of a Member of Congress.
Sec. 554. Authority of President to appoint successors to members of 
          Board of Visitors of military academies whose terms have 
          expired.
Sec. 555. Meetings of the Board of Visitors of a military service 
          academy: votes required to call; held in person or remotely.
Sec. 556. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.
Sec. 557. United States Naval Community College.
Sec. 558. Codification of establishment of United States Air Force 
          Institute of Technology.
Sec. 559. Concurrent use of Department of Defense Tuition Assistance and 
          Montgomery GI Bill-Selected Reserve benefits.
Sec. 559A. Regulations on certain parental guardianship rights of cadets 
          and midshipmen.
Sec. 559B. Defense language continuing education program.
Sec. 559C. Prohibition on implementation by United States Air Force 
          Academy of civilian faculty tenure system.
Sec. 559D. Professional military education: report; definition.
Sec. 559E. Report on training and education of members of the Armed 
          Forces regarding social reform and unhealthy behaviors.
Sec. 559F. Report on status of Army Tuition Assistance Program Army 
          IgnitED program.
Sec. 559G. Briefing on cadets and midshipmen with speech disorders.

     Subtitle G--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 561. Expansion of support programs for special operations forces 
          personnel and immediate family members.
Sec. 562. Improvements to the Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 563. Certain assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
          dependents of military and civilian personnel.
Sec. 564. Pilot program to establish employment fellowship opportunities 
          for military spouses.
Sec. 565. Policy regarding remote military installations.
Sec. 566. Implementation of GAO recommendation on improved communication 
          of best practices to engage military spouses with career 
          assistance resources.
Sec. 567. Study on employment of military spouses.
Sec. 568. Briefing on efforts of commanders of military installations to 
          connect military families with local entities that provide 
          services to military families.
Sec. 569. Briefing on process to certify reporting of eligible federally 
          connected children for purposes of Federal impact aid 
          programs.
Sec. 569A. Briefing on legal services for families enrolled in the 
          Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 569B. GAO review of Preservation of the Force and Family Program of 
          United States Special Operations Command: briefing; report.

                   Subtitle H--Diversity and Inclusion

Sec. 571. Reduction of gender-related inequities in costs of uniforms to 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 572. Study on number of members of the Armed Forces who identify as 
          Hispanic or Latino.
Sec. 573. Inclusion of military service academies, Officer Candidate and 
          Training Schools, and the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
          Corps data in diversity and inclusion reporting.
Sec. 574. Extension of deadline for GAO report on equal opportunity at 
          the military service academies.

  Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards, Miscellaneous Reports, and Other 
                                 Matters

Sec. 581. Modified deadline for establishment of special purpose adjunct 
          to Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery test.
Sec. 582. Authorizations for certain awards.
Sec. 583. Establishment of the Atomic Veterans Commemorative Service 
          Medal.
Sec. 584. Updates and preservation of memorials to chaplains at 
          Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 585. Reports on security force personnel performing protection 
          level one duties.
Sec. 586. GAO study on tattoo policies of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 587. Briefing regarding best practices for community engagement in 
          Hawaii.

                 Subtitle A-- Officer Personnel Policy

    SEC. 501. AUTHORITY WITH RESPECT TO AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS FOR 
      GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS WITHIN THE ARMED FORCES FOR EMERGING 
      REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Authority on and Before December 31, 2022.--Section 526 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (k) as subsection (l); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (j) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(k) Transfer of Authorizations Among the Military Services.--(1) 
The Secretary of Defense may increase the maximum number of brigadier 
generals or major generals in the Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, or 
Space Force, or rear admirals (lower half) or rear admirals in the 
Navy, allowed under subsection (a) and section 525 of this title, and 
the President may appoint officers in the equivalent grades equal to 
the number increased by the Secretary of Defense, if each appointment 
is made in conjunction with an offsetting reduction under paragraph 
(2).
    ``(2) For each increase and appointment made under the authority of 
paragraph (1) in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space 
Force, the number of appointments that may be made in the equivalent 
grade in one of the other armed forces (other than the Coast Guard) 
shall be reduced by one. When such an increase and appointment is made, 
the Secretary of Defense shall specify the armed force in which the 
reduction required by this paragraph is to be made.
    ``(3) The total number of general officers and flag officers 
increased under paragraph (1), combined with the total number of 
general officers and flag officers increased under section 526a(i)(1) 
of this title, may not exceed 15 at any one time.
    ``(4) The Secretary may not increase the maximum number of general 
officers or flag officers under paragraph (1) until the date that is 30 
days after the date on which the Secretary provides, to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives, 
written notice of--
        ``(A) such increase; and
        ``(B) each offsetting reduction under paragraph (2), specifying 
    the armed force and billet so reduced.''.
    (b) Authority After December 31, 2022.--Section 526a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(i) Transfer of Authorizations Among the Military Services.--(1) 
The Secretary of Defense may increase the maximum number of brigadier 
generals or major generals in the Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, or 
Space Force, or rear admirals (lower half) or rear admirals in the 
Navy, allowed under subsection (a) and section 525 of this title and 
the President may appoint officers in the equivalent grades equal to 
the number increased by the Secretary of Defense if each appointment is 
made in conjunction with an offsetting reduction under paragraph (2).
    ``(2) For each increase and appointment made under the authority of 
paragraph (1) in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space 
Force, the number of appointments that may be made in the equivalent 
grade in one of the other armed forces (other than the Coast Guard) 
shall be reduced by one. When such an increase and appointment is made, 
the Secretary of Defense shall specify the armed force in which the 
reduction required by this paragraph is to be made.
    ``(3) The total number of general officers and flag officers 
increased under paragraph (1), combined with the total number of 
general officers and flag officers increased under section 526(k)(1) of 
this title, may not exceed 15 at any one time.
    ``(4) The Secretary may not increase the maximum number of general 
officers or flag officers under paragraph (1) until the date that is 30 
days after the date on which the Secretary provides, to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives, 
written notice of--
        ``(A) such increase; and
        ``(B) each offsetting reduction under paragraph (2), specifying 
    the armed force and billet so reduced.''.
    SEC. 502. TIME IN GRADE REQUIREMENTS.
    Section 619(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``paragraph (4)'' and 
    inserting ``paragraph (5)'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (5) 
    and (6), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(4) When the needs of the service require, the Secretary of the 
military department concerned may prescribe a shorter period of service 
in grade, but not less than two years, for eligibility for 
consideration for promotion, in the case of officers designated for 
limited duty to whom paragraph (2) applies.''.
    SEC. 503. AUTHORITY TO VARY NUMBER OF SPACE FORCE OFFICERS 
      CONSIDERED FOR PROMOTION TO MAJOR GENERAL.
    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 616(d) of title 10, United 
States Code, the number of officers recommended for promotion by a 
selection board convened by the Secretary of the Air Force under 
section 611(a) of title 10, United States Code, to consider officers on 
the Space Force active duty list for promotion to major general may not 
exceed the number equal to 95 percent of the total number of brigadier 
generals eligible for consideration by the board.
    (b) Termination.--The authority provided under subsection (a) shall 
terminate on December 31, 2022.
    SEC. 504. SEAMAN TO ADMIRAL-21 PROGRAM: CREDIT TOWARDS RETIREMENT.
    (a) Credit.--For each participant in the Seaman to Admiral-21 
program during fiscal years 2010 through 2014 for whom the Secretary of 
the Navy cannot find evidence of an acknowledgment that, before 
entering a baccalaureate degree program, service during the 
baccalaureate degree program would not be included when computing years 
of service for retirement, the Secretary shall include service during 
the baccalaureate degree program when computing--
        (1) years of service; and
        (2) retired or retainer pay.
    (b) Report Required.--The Secretary shall submit a report to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
regarding the number of participants credited with service under 
subsection (a).
    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary shall carry out this section not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 505. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF RETENTION OF FEMALE SURFACE 
      WARFARE OFFICERS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into 
an agreement with a nonprofit entity or a federally funded research and 
development center independent of the Department of Defense to conduct 
research and analysis on the gender gap in retention of surface warfare 
officers in the Navy.
    (b) Elements.--The research and analysis conducted under subsection 
(a) shall include consideration of the following:
        (1) Demographics of surface warfare officers, disaggregated by 
    gender, including--
            (A) race;
            (B) ethnicity;
            (C) socioeconomic status;
            (D) marital status (including whether the spouse is a 
        member of the Armed Forces and, if so, the length of service of 
        such spouse);
            (E) whether the officer has children (including number and 
        age or ages of children);
            (F) whether an immediate family member serves or has served 
        as a member of the Armed Forces; and
            (G) the percentage of such officers who--
                (i) indicate an intent to complete only an initial 
            service agreement; and
                (ii) complete only an initial service agreement.
        (2) Whether there is a correlation between the number of female 
    surface warfare officers serving on a vessel and responses of such 
    officers to command climate surveys.
        (3) An anonymous but traceable study of command climate results 
    to--
            (A) correlate responses from particular female surface 
        warfare officers with resignation; and
            (B) compare attitudes of first-tour and second-tour female 
        surface warfare officers.
        (4) Recommendations based on the findings under paragraphs (1), 
    (2), and (3).
    (c) Reports.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date on 
    which a nonprofit entity or federally funded research and 
    development center enters into an agreement under subsection (a) 
    with the Secretary of Defense, such entity or center shall submit 
    to the Secretary of Defense a report on the results of the research 
    and analysis under subsection (a).
        (2) Submission to congress.--Not later than one year after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    submit to the congressional defense committees each of the 
    following:
            (A) A copy of the report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        without change.
            (B) Any comments, changes, recommendations, or other 
        information provided by the Secretary of Defense relating to 
        the research and analysis under subsection (a) and contained in 
        such report.
    SEC. 506. REPORTS ON AIR FORCE PERSONNEL PERFORMING DUTIES OF A 
      NUCLEAR AND MISSILE OPERATIONS OFFICER (13N).
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on personnel performing the 
duties of a Nuclear and Missile Operations Officer (13N)--
        (1) not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
    this Act; and
        (2) concurrent with the submission to Congress of the budget of 
    the President for each of fiscal years 2023 through 2027 pursuant 
    to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code.
    (b) Elements.--Each report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) The number of Nuclear and Missile Operations Officers 
    commissioned, by commissioning source, during the most recent 
    fiscal year that ended before submission of the report.
        (2) A description of the rank structure and number of such 
    officers by intercontinental ballistic missile operational group 
    during that fiscal year.
        (3) The retention rate of such officers by intercontinental 
    ballistic missile operational group during that fiscal year and an 
    assessment of reasons for any loss in retention of such officers.
        (4) A description of the rank structure and number of officers 
    by intercontinental ballistic missile operational group performing 
    alert duties by month during that fiscal year.
        (5) A description of the structure of incentive pay for 
    officers performing 13N duties during that fiscal year.
        (6) A personnel manning plan for managing officers performing 
    alert duties during the period of five fiscal years after 
    submission of the report.
        (7) A description of methods, with metrics, to manage the 
    transition of Nuclear and Missile Operations Officers, by 
    intercontinental ballistic missile operational group, to other 
    career fields in the Air Force.
        (8) Such other matters as the Secretary considers appropriate 
    to inform the congressional defense committees with respect to the 
    13N career field during the period of five to ten fiscal years 
    after submission of the report.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

    SEC. 511. MODIFICATION OF GRANT PROGRAM SUPPORTING SCIENCE, 
      TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATH EDUCATION IN THE JUNIOR RESERVE 
      OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS TO INCLUDE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCES.
    Section 2036(g)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (J) through (M) as 
    subparagraphs (K) through (N), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subparagraph (I) the following new 
    subparagraph:
            ``(J) quantum information sciences;''.
    SEC. 512. PROHIBITION ON PRIVATE FUNDING FOR INTERSTATE DEPLOYMENT 
      OF NATIONAL GUARD.
    (a) Prohibition.--Chapter 3 of title 32, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 329. Prohibition on private funding for interstate deployment
    ``A member of the National Guard may not be ordered to cross a 
border of a State to perform duty (under this title or title 10) if 
such duty is paid for with private funds, unless such duty is in 
response to a major disaster or emergency under section 401 of the 
Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 
U.S.C. 5170).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``329. Prohibition on private funding for interstate deployment.''.
    SEC. 513. ACCESS TO TOUR OF DUTY SYSTEM.
    (a) Access.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall ensure, 
    subject to paragraph (2), that a member of the reserve components 
    of the Army may access the Tour of Duty system using a personal 
    internet-enabled device.
        (2) Exception.--The Secretary of the Army may restrict access 
    to the Tour of Duty system on personal internet-enabled devices if 
    the Secretary determines such restriction is necessary to ensure 
    the security and integrity of information systems and data of the 
    United States.
    (b) Tour of Duty System Defined.--In this Act, the term ``Tour of 
Duty system'' means the online system of listings for opportunities to 
serve on active duty for members of the reserve components of the Army 
and through which such a member may apply for such an opportunity, 
known as ``Tour of Duty'', or any successor to such system.
    SEC. 514. IMPLEMENTATION OF CERTAIN RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING USE 
      OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS BY THE NATIONAL GUARD.
    Not later than September 30, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall 
implement recommendations of the Secretary described in section 
519C(a)(2) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283).
    SEC. 515. CONTINUED NATIONAL GUARD SUPPORT FOR FIREGUARD PROGRAM.
    Until September 30, 2026, the Secretary of Defense shall continue 
to support the FireGuard program with personnel of the California 
National Guard to aggregate, analyze, and assess multi-source remote 
sensing information for interagency partnerships in the initial 
detection and monitoring of wildfires.
    SEC. 516. ENHANCEMENT OF NATIONAL GUARD YOUTH CHALLENGE PROGRAM.
    (a) Authority.--During fiscal year 2022, the Secretary of Defense 
may provide assistance to a National Guard Youth Challenge Program of a 
State--
        (1) in addition to assistance under subsection (d) of section 
    509 of title 32, United States Code;
        (2) that is not subject to the matching requirement under such 
    subsection; and
        (3) for--
            (A) new program start-up costs; or
            (B) a workforce development program.
    (b) Limitations.--
        (1) Matching.--The Secretary may not provide additional 
    assistance under this section to a State that does not comply with 
    the fund matching requirement under such subsection regarding 
    assistance under such subsection.
        (2) Total assistance.--Total assistance under this section to 
    all States may not exceed $5,000,000 of the funds appropriated for 
    the National Guard Youth Challenge Program for fiscal year 2022.
    (c) Reporting.--Any assistance provided under this section shall be 
included in the annual report under subsection (k) of section 509 of 
such title.
    SEC. 517. REPORT ON METHODS TO ENHANCE SUPPORT FROM THE RESERVE 
      COMPONENTS IN RESPONSE TO CATASTROPHIC INCIDENTS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation and 
coordination with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the National 
Security Council, the Council of Governors, and the National Governors 
Association, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report that includes--
        (1) a detailed examination of the policy framework for the 
    reserve components, consistent with existing authorities, to 
    provide support to other Federal agencies in response to 
    catastrophic incidents;
        (2) identify major statutory or policy impediments to such 
    support; and
        (3) recommendations for legislation as appropriate.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted under this section shall 
include a description of--
        (1) the assessment of the Secretary, informed by consultation 
    with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the National Security 
    Council, the Council of Governors, and the National Governors 
    Association, regarding--
            (A) the sufficiency of current authorities for the 
        reimbursement of reserve component personnel during 
        catastrophic incidents under title 10 and title 32, United 
        States Code; and
            (B) specifically whether reimbursement authorities are 
        sufficient to ensure that military training and readiness are 
        not degraded to fund disaster response, or use of such 
        authorities degrades the effectiveness of the Disaster Relief 
        Fund;
        (2) the plan of the Secretary to ensure there is parallel and 
    consistent policy in the application of the authorities granted 
    under section 12304a of title 10, United States Code, and section 
    502(f) of title 32, United States Code, including--
            (A) a description of the disparities between benefits and 
        protections under Federal law versus State active duty;
            (B) recommended solutions to achieve parity at the Federal 
        level; and
            (C) recommended changes at the State level, if appropriate;
        (3) the plan of the Secretary to ensure there is parity of 
    benefits and protections for members of the Armed Forces employed 
    as part of the response to catastrophic incidents under title 32 or 
    title 10, United States Code, and recommendations for addressing 
    shortfalls; and
        (4) a review, by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, of 
    the current policy for, and an assessment of the sufficiency of, 
    reimbursement authority for the use of the reserve components, both 
    to the Department of Defense and to the States, during catastrophic 
    incidents, including any policy and legal limitations, and cost 
    assessment impact on Federal funding.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the 
    following:
            (A) The congressional defense committees;
            (B) The Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives.
            (C) The Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs of the Senate.
            (D) The Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
        the House of Representatives.
            (E) The Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
        of the Senate.
        (2) The term ``catastrophic incident'' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 501 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
    (Public Law 107-296; 6 U.S.C. 311).
    SEC. 518. STUDY ON REAPPORTIONMENT OF NATIONAL GUARD FORCE 
      STRUCTURE BASED ON DOMESTIC RESPONSES.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study to 
determine whether to reapportion the current force structure of the 
National Guard based on wartime and domestic response requirements. The 
study shall include the following elements:
        (1) An assessment of how domestic response missions affect 
    recruitment and retention of qualified personnel, especially in 
    States--
            (A) with the lowest ratios of National Guard members to the 
        general population; and
            (B) that are most prone to natural disasters.
        (2) An assessment of how domestic response missions affect the 
    ability of the National Guard of a State to ability to staff, 
    equip, and ready a unit for its Federal missions.
        (3) A comparison of the costs of a response to a domestic 
    incident in a State with--
            (A) units of the National Guard of such State; and
            (B) units of the National Guards of other States pursuant 
        to an emergency management assistance compact.
        (4) Based on the recommendations in the 2021 report of the 
    National Guard Bureau titled ``Impact of U.S. Population Trends on 
    National Guard Force Structure'', an assessment of--
            (A) challenges to recruiting members of the National Guard;
            (B) allocating mission sets to other geographic regions;
            (C) the ability to track and respond to domestic migration 
        trends in order to establish a baseline for force structure 
        requirements;
            (D) the availability of training ranges for Federal 
        missions;
            (E) the availability of transportation and other support 
        infrastructure; and
            (F) the cost of operation in each State.
        (5) In light of the limited authority of the President under 
    section 104(c) of title 32, United States Code, an assessment of 
    whether the number of members of the National Guard is sufficient 
    to reapportion force structure to meet the requirements of domestic 
    responses and shifting populations.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report on the results of the study under subsection (a).
    (c) State Defined.--In this section, the term ``State'' includes 
the various States and Territories, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 
and the District of Columbia.
    SEC. 519. BRIEFING ON JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS 
      PROGRAM.
    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on 
the status of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs of 
each Armed Force. The briefing shall include--
        (1) an assessment of the current usage of the program, 
    including the number of individuals enrolled in the program, the 
    demographic information of individuals enrolled in the program, and 
    the number of units established under the program;
        (2) a description of the efforts of the Armed Forces to meet 
    current enrollment targets for the program;
        (3) an explanation of the reasons such enrollment targets have 
    not been met, if applicable;
        (4) a description of any obstacles preventing the Armed Forces 
    from meeting such enrollment targets;
        (5) a comparison of the potential benefits and drawbacks of 
    expanding the program; and
        (6) a description of program-wide diversity and inclusion 
    recruitment and retention efforts.

      Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Military Records

    SEC. 521. REDUCTION IN SERVICE COMMITMENT REQUIRED FOR 
      PARTICIPATION IN CAREER INTERMISSION PROGRAM OF A MILITARY 
      DEPARTMENT.
    Section 710(c)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``two months'' and inserting ``one month''.
    SEC. 522. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY ACCESSIONS IN ARMED FORCES UNDER 
      THE JURISDICTION OF THE SECRETARIES OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall take the 
following steps regarding military accessions in each Armed Force under 
the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department:
        (1) Assess the prescribed medical standards for appointment as 
    an officer, or enlistment as a member, in such Armed Force.
        (2) Determine how to update the medical screening processes for 
    appointment or enlistment.
        (3) Determine how to standardize operations across the military 
    entrance processing stations.
        (4) Determine how to improve aptitude testing methods and 
    standardized testing requirements.
        (5) Determine how to improve the waiver process for individuals 
    who do not meet medical standards for accession.
        (6) Determine, by reviewing data from calendar years 2017 
    through 2021, whether military accessions (including such 
    accessions pursuant to waivers) vary, by geographic region.
        (7) Determine, by reviewing data from calendar years 2017 
    through 2021, whether access to military health records has 
    suppressed the number of such military accessions, authorized 
    Secretaries of the military departments, by--
            (A) children of members of such Armed Forces;
            (B) retired members of such Armed Forces; or
            (C) recently separated members of such Armed Forces.
        (8) Implement improvements determined under paragraphs (1) 
    through (7).
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall brief the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives on the 
results of carrying out this section and recommendations regarding 
legislation the Secretary determines necessary to improve such military 
accessions.
    SEC. 523. NOTICE PROGRAM RELATING TO OPTIONS FOR NATURALIZATION.
    (a) Upon Enlistment.--The Secretary of each military department 
shall prescribe regulations that ensure that a military recruit, who is 
not a citizen of the United States, receives proper notice of options 
for naturalization under title III of the Immigration and Nationality 
Act (8 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.) Such notice shall inform the recruit of 
existing programs or services that may aid in the naturalization 
process of such recruit.
    (b) Upon Separation.--The Secretary of Homeland Security, acting 
through the Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, and 
in coordination with the Secretary of Defense, shall provide to a 
member of the Armed Forces who is not a citizen of the United States, 
upon separation of such member, notice of options for naturalization 
under title III of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1401 
et seq.) Such notice shall inform the member of existing programs or 
services that may aid in the naturalization process of such member.
    SEC. 524. APPEALS TO PHYSICAL EVALUATION BOARD DETERMINATIONS OF 
      FITNESS FOR DUTY.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall incorporate a formal appeals process 
(including timelines established by the Secretary of Defense) into the 
policies and procedures applicable to the implementation of the 
Integrated Disability Evaluation System of the Department of Defense. 
The appeals process shall include the following:
        (1) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that a member of the 
    Armed Forces may submit a formal appeal made with respect to 
    determinations of fitness for duty to a Physical Evaluation Board 
    of such Secretary.
        (2) The appeals process shall include, at the request of such 
    member, an impartial hearing on a fitness for duty determination to 
    be conducted by the Secretary concerned.
        (3) Such member shall have the option to be represented at a 
    hearing by legal counsel.
    SEC. 525. COMMAND OVERSIGHT OF MILITARY PRIVATIZED HOUSING AS 
      ELEMENT OF PERFORMANCE EVALUATIONS.
    (a) Evaluations in General.--Each Secretary of a military 
department shall ensure that the performance evaluations of any 
individual described in subsection (b) under the jurisdiction of such 
Secretary provides for an assessment of the extent to which such 
individual has or has not exercised effective oversight and leadership 
in the following:
        (1) Improving conditions of privatized housing under subchapter 
    IV of chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Addressing concerns with respect to such housing of members 
    of the Armed Forces and their families who reside in such housing 
    on an installation of the military department concerned.
    (b) Covered Individuals.--The individuals described in this 
subsection are as follows:
        (1) The commander of an installation of a military department 
    at which on-installation housing is managed by a landlord of 
    privatized housing under subchapter IV of chapter 169 of title 10, 
    United States Code.
        (2) Each officer or senior enlisted member of the Armed Forces 
    at an installation described in paragraph (1) whose duties include 
    facilities or housing management at such installation.
        (3) Any other officer or enlisted member of the Armed Forces 
    (whether or not at an installation described in paragraph (1)) as 
    specified by the Secretary of the military department concerned for 
    purposes of this section.
    SEC. 526. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON ESTABLISHMENT OF HOUSING HISTORY FOR 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO RESIDE IN HOUSING PROVIDED BY THE 
      UNITED STATES.
    (a) Study; Report.--Not later than September 30, 2022, the 
Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) conduct a feasibility study regarding the establishment of 
    a standard record of housing history for members of the Armed 
    Forces who reside in covered housing; and
        (2) submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
    on the results of such study.
    (b) Contents.--A record described in subsection (a) includes, with 
regards to each period during which the member concerned resided in 
covered housing, the following:
        (1) The assessment of the commander of the military 
    installation in which such housing is located, of the condition of 
    such covered housing--
            (A) prior to the beginning of such period; and
            (B) in which the member concerned left such covered housing 
        upon vacating such covered housing.
        (2) Contact information a housing provider may use to inquire 
    about such a record.
    (c) Online Access.--A record described in subsection (a) would be 
accessible through a website, maintained by the Secretary of the 
military department concerned, through which a member of the Armed 
Forces under the jurisdiction of such Secretary may access such record 
of such member.
    (d) Issuance.--The Secretary concerned would issue a copy of a 
described in subsection (a) to the member concerned upon the 
separation, retirement, discharge, or dismissal of such member from the 
Armed Forces, with the DD Form 214 for such member.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the 
    following:
            (A) The Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives.
            (B) The Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.
            (C) The Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
        the House of Representatives.
            (D) The Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
        of the Senate.
        (2) The term ``covered housing'' means housing provided by the 
    United States to a member of the Armed Forces.
    SEC. 527. ENHANCEMENTS TO NATIONAL MOBILIZATION EXERCISES.
    (a) Inclusion of Processes of Selective Service System.--Section 
10208 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(c)(1) The Secretary shall, beginning in the first fiscal year 
that begins after the date of the enactment of this subsection, and 
every five years thereafter, as part of the major mobilization exercise 
under subsection (a), include the processes of the Selective Service 
System in preparation for induction of personnel into the armed forces 
under the Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.), and 
submit to Congress a report on the results of this exercise and 
evaluation. The report may be submitted in classified form.
    ``(2) The exercise under this subsection--
        ``(A) shall include a review of national mobilization strategic 
    and operational concepts; and
        ``(B) shall include a simulation of a mobilization of all armed 
    forces and reserve units, with plans and processes for 
    incorporating Selective Service System inductees.''.
    (b) Briefing; Report.--
        (1) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date on which 
    the Secretary of Defense conducts the first mobilization exercise 
    under section 10208 of title 10, United States Code, after the date 
    of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the 
    Committees of Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
    Representatives a briefing on--
            (A) the status of the review and assessments conducted 
        pursuant to subsection (c) of such section, as added by 
        subsection (a); and
            (B) any interim recommendations of the Secretary.
        (2) Report.--Not later than two years after the date on which 
    the Secretary conducts the first mobilization exercise as described 
    in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the Committees of 
    Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
    that contains the following:
            (A) A review of national mobilization strategic and 
        operational concepts.
            (B) A simulation of a mobilization of all Armed Forces and 
        reserve units, with plans and processes for incorporating 
        Selective Service System inductees.
            (C) An assessment of the Selective Service system in the 
        current organizational form.
            (D) An assessment of the Selective Service System as a 
        peace-time registration system.
            (E) Recommendations with respect to the challenges, 
        opportunities, cost, and timelines regarding the assessments 
        described in subparagraphs (C) and (D).
    SEC. 528. TEMPORARY EXEMPTION FROM END STRENGTH GRADE RESTRICTIONS 
      FOR THE SPACE FORCE.
    (a) Exemption.--Sections 517 and 523 of title 10, United States 
Code, shall not apply to the Space Force until January 1, 2023.
    (b) Submittal.--Not later than April 1, 2022, the Secretary of the 
Air Force shall establish and submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services for the Senate and House of Representatives for inclusion in 
the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 2023, the number 
of officers who--
        (1) may be serving on active duty in each of the grades of 
    major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel; and
        (2) may not, as of the end of such fiscal year, exceed a number 
    determined in accordance with section 523(a)(1) of such title.
    SEC. 529. REPORT ON EXEMPTIONS AND DEFERMENTS FOR A POSSIBLE 
      MILITARY DRAFT.
    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Director of the Selective Service System, in consultation with 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall 
submit to Congress a report providing a review of exemptions and 
deferments from registration, training, and service under the Military 
Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.).
SEC. 529A. REPORT ON PROCESSES AND PROCEDURES FOR APPEAL OF DENIAL OF 
STATUS OR BENEFITS FOR FAILURE TO REGISTER FOR SELECTIVE SERVICE.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Director of the Selective Service System 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report setting 
forth the results of a review of the processes and procedures employed 
by agencies across the Federal Government for the appeal by individuals 
of a denial of status or benefits under Federal law for failure to 
register for selective service under the Military Selective Service Act 
(50 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.).
    (b) Consultation.--The Director of the Selective Service System 
shall carry out this section in consultation with the Secretary of 
Homeland Security, the Secretary of Education, the Director of the 
Office of Personnel Management, and the heads of other appropriate 
Federal agencies.
    (c) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) A description and assessment of the various appeals 
    processes and procedures described in subsection (a), including--
            (A) a description of such processes and procedures; and
            (B) an assessment of--
                (i) the adequacy of notice provided for appeals under 
            such processes and procedures;
                (ii) the fairness of each such process and procedure;
                (iii) the ease of use of each such process and 
            procedure;
                (iv) consistency in the application of such processes 
            and procedures across the Federal Government; and
                (v) the applicability of an appeal granted by one 
            Federal agency under such processes and procedures to the 
            actions and decisions of another Federal agency on a 
            similar appeal.
        (2) Information on the number of waivers requested, and the 
    number of waivers granted, during the 15-year period ending on the 
    date of the enactment of this Act in connection with denial of 
    status or benefits for failure to register for selective service.
        (3) An analysis and assessment of the recommendations of the 
    National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service for 
    reforming the rules and policies concerning failure to register for 
    selective service.
        (4) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
    action as the Director of the Selective Service System, and the 
    consulting officers pursuant to subsection (b), consider 
    appropriate in light of the review conducted pursuant to subsection 
    (a).
        (5) Such other matters in connection with the review conducted 
    pursuant to subsection (a) as the Director considers appropriate.
    (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committee of Congress'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Oversight and Reform of the House of Representatives.
SEC. 529B. STUDY AND REPORT ON ADMINISTRATIVE SEPARATION BOARDS.
    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on the use of administrative separation boards within 
the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall evaluate--
        (1) the process each Armed Force uses to convene administrative 
    separation boards, including the process used to select the board 
    president, the recorder, the legal advisor, and board members; and
        (2) the effectiveness of the operations of such boards.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the results of the study conducted under 
subsection (a).

                  Subtitle D--Military Justice Reform

                     PART 1--SPECIAL TRIAL COUNSEL

    SEC. 531. SPECIAL TRIAL COUNSEL.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter V of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 824 (article 24 of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice) the following new section:
``Sec. 824a. Art 24a. Special trial counsel
    ``(a) Detail of Special Trial Counsel.--Each Secretary concerned 
shall promulgate regulations for the detail of commissioned officers to 
serve as special trial counsel.
    ``(b) Qualifications.--A special trial counsel shall be a 
commissioned officer who--
        ``(1)(A) is a member of the bar of a Federal court or a member 
    of the bar of the highest court of a State; and
        ``(B) is certified to be qualified, by reason of education, 
    training, experience, and temperament, for duty as a special trial 
    counsel by--
            ``(i) the Judge Advocate General of the armed force of 
        which the officer is a member; or
            ``(ii) in the case of the Marine Corps, the Staff Judge 
        Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps; and
        ``(2) in the case of a lead special trial counsel appointed 
    pursuant to section 1044f(a)(2) of this title, is in a grade no 
    lower than O-7.
    ``(c) Duties and Authorities.--
        ``(1) In general.--Special trial counsel shall carry out the 
    duties described in this chapter and any other duties prescribed by 
    the Secretary concerned, by regulation.
        ``(2) Determination of covered offense; related charges.--
            ``(A) Authority.--A special trial counsel shall have 
        exclusive authority to determine if a reported offense is a 
        covered offense and shall exercise authority over any such 
        offense in accordance with this chapter. Any determination to 
        prefer or refer charges shall not act to disqualify the special 
        trial counsel as an accuser.
            ``(B) Known and related offenses.--If a special trial 
        counsel determines that a reported offense is a covered 
        offense, the special trial counsel may also exercise authority 
        over any offense that the special trial counsel determines to 
        be related to the covered offense and any other offense alleged 
        to have been committed by a person alleged to have committed 
        the covered offense.
        ``(3) Dismissal; referral; plea bargains.--Subject to paragraph 
    (4), with respect to charges and specifications alleging any 
    offense over which a special trial counsel exercises authority, a 
    special trial counsel shall have exclusive authority to, in 
    accordance with this chapter--
            ``(A) on behalf of the Government, withdraw or dismiss the 
        charges and specifications or make a motion to withdraw or 
        dismiss the charges and specifications;
            ``(B) refer the charges and specifications for trial by a 
        special or general court-martial;
            ``(C) enter into a plea agreement; and
            ``(D) determine if an ordered rehearing is impracticable.
        ``(4) Binding determination.--The determination of a special 
    trial counsel to refer charges and specifications to a court-
    martial for trial shall be binding on any applicable convening 
    authority for the referral of such charges and specifications.
        ``(5) Deferral to commander or convening authority.--If a 
    special trial counsel exercises authority over an offense and 
    elects not to prefer charges and specifications for such offense 
    or, with respect to charges and specifications for such offense 
    preferred by a person other than a special trial counsel, elects 
    not to refer such charges and specifications, a commander or 
    convening authority may exercise any of the authorities of such 
    commander or convening authority under this chapter with respect to 
    such offense, except that such commander or convening authority may 
    not refer charges and specifications for a covered offense for 
    trial by special or general court-martial.''.
    (b) Table of Sections Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of subchapter V of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
(the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 824 (article 24) the following new item:
``824a. Art 24a. Special trial counsel.''.

    (c) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, each Secretary concerned shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report setting forth the plan of the Secretary 
    for detailing officers to serve as special trial counsel pursuant 
    to section 824a of title 10, United States Code (article 24a of the 
    Uniform Code of Military Justice) (as added by subsection (a) of 
    this section).
        (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall include 
    the following--
            (A) The plan of the Secretary concerned--
                (i) for staffing billets for--

                    (I) special trial counsel who meet the requirements 
                set forth in section 824a of title 10, United States 
                Code (article 24a of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice) (as added by subsection (a) of this section); 
                and
                    (II) defense counsel for cases involving covered 
                offenses; and

                (ii) for supporting and ensuring the continuing 
            professional development of military justice practitioners.
            (B) An estimate of the resources needed to implement such 
        section 824a (article 24a).
            (C) An explanation of other staffing required to implement 
        such section 824a (article 24a), including staffing levels 
        required for military judges, military magistrates, military 
        defense attorneys, and paralegals and other support staff.
            (D) A description of how the use of special trial counsel 
        will affect the military justice system as a whole.
            (E) A description of how the Secretary concerned plans to 
        place appropriate emphasis and value on litigation experience 
        for judge advocates in order to ensure judge advocates are 
        experienced, prepared, and qualified to handle covered 
        offenses, both as special trial counsel and as defense counsel. 
        Such a description shall address promotion considerations and 
        explain how the Secretary concerned plans to instruct promotion 
        boards to value litigation experience.
            (F) Any additional resources, authorities, or information 
        that each Secretary concerned deems relevant or important to 
        the implementation of the requirements of this title.
        (3) Definitions.--In this subsection--
            (A) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code.
            (B) The term ``covered offense'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 801(17) of title 10, United States Code (as 
        added by section 533 of this part).
    SEC. 532. POLICIES WITH RESPECT TO SPECIAL TRIAL COUNSEL.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1044e the following new section:
``Sec. 1044f. Policies with respect to special trial counsel
    ``(a) Policies Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
policies with respect to the appropriate mechanisms and procedures that 
the Secretaries of the military departments shall establish relating to 
the activities of special trial counsel, including expected milestones 
for such Secretaries to fully implement such mechanisms and procedures. 
The policies shall--
        ``(1) provide for the establishment of a dedicated office 
    within each military service from which office the activities of 
    the special trial counsel of the military service concerned shall 
    be supervised and overseen;
        ``(2) provide for the appointment of one lead special trial 
    counsel, who shall--
            ``(A) be a judge advocate of that service in a grade no 
        lower than O-7, with significant experience in military 
        justice;
            ``(B) be responsible for the overall supervision and 
        oversight of the activities of the special trial counsel of 
        that service; and
            ``(C) report directly to the Secretary concerned, without 
        intervening authority;
        ``(3) ensure that within each office created pursuant to 
    paragraph (1), the special trial counsel and other personnel 
    assigned or detailed to the office--
            ``(A) are independent of the military chains of command of 
        both the victims and those accused of covered offenses and any 
        other offenses over which a special trial counsel at any time 
        exercises authority in accordance with section 824a of this 
        title (article 24a); and
            ``(B) conduct assigned activities free from unlawful or 
        unauthorized influence or coercion;
        ``(4) provide that special trial counsel shall be well-trained, 
    experienced, highly skilled, and competent in handling cases 
    involving covered offenses; and
        ``(5) provide that commanders of the victim and the accused in 
    a case involving a covered offense shall have the opportunity to 
    provide input to the special trial counsel regarding case 
    disposition, but that the input is not binding on the special trial 
    counsel.
    ``(b) Uniformity.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that any 
lack of uniformity in the implementation of policies, mechanisms, and 
procedures established under subsection (a) does not render 
unconstitutional any such policy, mechanism, or procedure.
    ``(c) Military Service Defined.--In this section, the term 
`military service' means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and 
Space Force.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 1044e the following new item:
``1044f. Policies with respect to special trial counsel.''.

    (c) Quarterly Briefing.--Beginning not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and at the beginning of each 
fiscal quarter thereafter until the policies established pursuant to 
section 1044f(a) of title 10, United States Code (as added by 
subsection (a)) and the mechanisms and procedures to which they apply 
are fully implemented and operational, the Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretaries of the military departments shall jointly provide to the 
Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives a briefing detailing the 
actions taken and progress made by the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense and each of the military departments in meeting the milestones 
established as required by such section.
    SEC. 533. DEFINITION OF MILITARY MAGISTRATE, COVERED OFFENSE, AND 
      SPECIAL TRIAL COUNSEL.
    Section 801 of title 10, United States Code (article 1 of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) by inserting after paragraph (10) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(11) The term `military magistrate' means a commissioned 
    officer certified for duty as a military magistrate in accordance 
    with section 826a of this title (article 26a).''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(17) The term `covered offense' means--
            ``(A) an offense under section 917a (article 117a), section 
        918 (article 118), section 919 (article 119), section 920 
        (article 120), section 920b (article 120b), section 920c 
        (article 120c), section 925 (article 125), section 928b 
        (article 128b), section 930 (article 130), section 932 (article 
        132), or the standalone offense of child pornography punishable 
        under section 934 (article 134) of this title;
            ``(B) a conspiracy to commit an offense specified in 
        subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 881 of this title 
        (article 81);
            ``(C) a solicitation to commit an offense specified in 
        subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 882 of this title 
        (article 82); or
            ``(D) an attempt to commit an offense specified in 
        subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) as punishable under section 880 
        of this title (article 80).
        ``(18) The term `special trial counsel' means a judge advocate 
    detailed as a special trial counsel in accordance with section 824a 
    of this title (article 24a) and includes a judge advocate appointed 
    as a lead special trial counsel pursuant to section 1044f(a)(2) of 
    this title.''.
    SEC. 534. CLARIFICATION RELATING TO WHO MAY CONVENE COURTS-MARTIAL.
    (a) General Courts-martial.--Section 822(b) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 22(b) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``If any'' and inserting ``(1) If any''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) A commanding officer shall not be considered an accuser 
solely due to the role of the commanding officer in convening a general 
court-martial to which charges and specifications were referred by a 
special trial counsel in accordance with this chapter.''.
    (b) Special Courts-martial.--Section 823(b) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 23(b) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``If any'' and inserting ``(1) If any''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) A commanding officer shall not be considered an accuser 
solely due to the role of the commanding officer in convening a special 
court-martial to which charges and specifications were referred by a 
special trial counsel in accordance with this chapter.''.
    SEC. 535. DETAIL OF TRIAL COUNSEL.
    Section 827 of title 10, United States Code (article 27 of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(e) For each general and special court-martial for which charges 
and specifications were referred by a special trial counsel--
        ``(1) a special trial counsel shall be detailed as trial 
    counsel; and
        ``(2) a special trial counsel may detail other trial counsel as 
    necessary who are judge advocates.''.
    SEC. 536. PRELIMINARY HEARING.
    (a) Detail of Hearing Officer; Waiver.--Subsection (a)(1) of 
section 832 of title 10, United States Code (article 32 of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``hearing officer'' and 
    all that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
    ``hearing officer detailed in accordance with subparagraph (C).'';
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``written waiver'' and all 
    that follows through the period at the end and inserting the 
    following: ``written waiver to--
            ``(i) except as provided in clause (ii), the convening 
        authority and the convening authority determines that a hearing 
        is not required; and
            ``(ii) with respect to charges and specifications over 
        which the special trial counsel is exercising authority in 
        accordance with section 824a of this title (article 24a), the 
        special trial counsel and the special trial counsel determines 
        that a hearing is not required.''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(C)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), the convening 
    authority shall detail a hearing officer.
        ``(ii) If a special trial counsel is exercising authority over 
    the charges and specifications subject to a preliminary hearing 
    under this section (article), the special trial counsel shall 
    request a hearing officer and a hearing officer shall be provided 
    by the convening authority, in accordance with regulations 
    prescribed by the President.''.
    (b) Report of Preliminary Hearing Officer.--Subsection (c) of such 
section is amended--
        (1) in the heading, by inserting ``or Special Trial Counsel'' 
    after ``Convening Authority''; and
        (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``to the 
    convening authority'' and inserting ``to the convening authority 
    or, in the case of a preliminary hearing in which the hearing 
    officer is provided at the request of a special trial counsel to 
    the special trial counsel,''.
    SEC. 537. ADVICE TO CONVENING AUTHORITY BEFORE REFERRAL FOR TRIAL.
    Section 834 of title 10, United States Code (article 34 of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``Before referral'' and 
    inserting ``Subject to subsection (c), before referral''
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Before referral'' and 
    inserting ``Subject to subsection (c), before referral'';
        (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) 
    and (e) respectively;
        (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(c) Covered Offenses.--A referral to a general or special court-
martial for trial of charges and specifications over which a special 
trial counsel exercises authority may only be made--
        ``(1) by a special trial counsel, subject to a special trial 
    counsel's written determination accompanying the referral that--
            ``(A) each specification under a charge alleges an offense 
        under this chapter;
            ``(B) there is probable cause to believe that the accused 
        committed the offense charged; and
            ``(C) a court-martial would have jurisdiction over the 
        accused and the offense; or
        ``(2) in the case of charges and specifications that do not 
    allege a covered offense and as to which a special trial counsel 
    declines to prefer or, in the case of charges and specifications 
    preferred by a person other than a special trial counsel, refer 
    charges, by the convening authority in accordance with this 
    section.''; and
        (5) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, by inserting ``or, 
    with respect to charges and specifications over which a special 
    trial counsel exercises authority in accordance with section 824a 
    of this title (article 24a), a special trial counsel,'' after 
    ``convening authority''.
    SEC. 538. FORMER JEOPARDY.
    Section 844(c) of title 10, United States Code (article 44(c) of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by inserting ``or the 
special trial counsel'' after ``the convening authority'' each place it 
appears.
    SEC. 539. PLEA AGREEMENTS.
    (a) Authority to Enter Into Agreements.--Subsection (a) of section 
853a of title 10, United States Code (article 53a of the Uniform Code 
of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``At any time'' and inserting 
    ``Subject to paragraph (3), at any time''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) With respect to charges and specifications over which a 
special trial counsel exercises authority pursuant to section 824a of 
this title (article 24a), a plea agreement under this section may only 
be entered into between a special trial counsel and the accused. Such 
agreement shall be subject to the same limitations and conditions 
applicable to other plea agreements under this section (article).''.
    (b) Binding Effect.--Subsection (d) of such section (article) is 
amended by inserting after ``parties'' the following: ``(including the 
convening authority and the special trial counsel in the case of a plea 
agreement entered into under subsection (a)(3))''.
SEC. 539A. DETERMINATIONS OF IMPRACTICABILITY OF REHEARING.
    (a) Transmittal and Review of Records.--Section 865(e)(3)(B) of 
title 10, United States Code (article 65(e)(3)(B) of the Uniform Code 
of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) by striking ``impractical.--If the Judge Advocate General'' 
    and inserting the following: ``impracticable.--''
            ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), if the Judge 
        Advocate General'';
        (2) by striking ``impractical'' and inserting 
    ``impracticable''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
            ``(ii) Cases referred by special trial counsel .--If a case 
        was referred to trial by a special trial counsel, a special 
        trial counsel shall determine if a rehearing is impracticable 
        and shall dismiss the charges if the special trial counsel so 
        determines.''.
    (b) Courts of Criminal Appeals.--Section 866(f)(1)(C) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 66(f)(1)(C) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended--
        (1) by striking ``impracticable.--If the Court of Criminal 
    Appeals'' and inserting the following: ``Impracticable.--
            ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), if the Court of 
        Criminal Appeals''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new clause:
            ``(ii) Cases referred by special trial counsel.--If a case 
        was referred to trial by a special trial counsel, a special 
        trial counsel shall determine if a rehearing is impracticable 
        and shall dismiss the charges if the special trial counsel so 
        determines.''.
    (c) Review by the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.--Section 
867(e) of title 10, United States Code (article 67(e) of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: ``Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, if a 
case was referred to trial by a special trial counsel, a special trial 
counsel shall determine if a rehearing is impracticable and shall 
dismiss the charges if the special trial counsel so determines.''.
    (d) Review by Judge Advocate General.--Section 869(c)(1)(D) of 
title 10, Untied States Code (article 69(c)(1)(D) of the Uniform Code 
of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) by striking ``If the Judge Advocate General'' and inserting 
    ``(i) Subject to clause (ii), if the Judge Advocate General'';
        (2) by striking ``impractical'' and inserting 
    ``impracticable''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
    ``(ii) If a case was referred to trial by a special trial counsel, 
a special trial counsel shall determine if a rehearing is impracticable 
and shall dismiss the charges if the special trial counsel so 
determines.''.
SEC. 539B. APPLICABILITY TO THE UNITED STATES COAST GUARD.
    The Secretary of Defense shall consult and enter into an agreement 
with the Secretary of Homeland Security to apply the provisions of this 
part and the amendments made by this part, and the policies, 
mechanisms, and processes established pursuant to such provisions, to 
the United States Coast Guard when it is operating as a service in the 
Department of Homeland Security.
SEC. 539C. EFFECTIVE DATE.
    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
amendments made by this part shall take effect on the date that is two 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply with 
respect to offenses that occur after that date.
    (b) Regulations.--
        (1) Requirement.--The President shall prescribe regulations to 
    carry out this part not later than two years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act.
        (2) Impact of delay of issuance.--If the President does not 
    prescribe the regulations necessary to carry out this part before 
    the date that is two years after the date of the enactment of this 
    Act, the amendments made by this part shall take effect on the date 
    on which such regulations are prescribed and shall apply with 
    respect to offenses that occur on or after that date.

              PART 2--SEXUAL HARASSMENT; SENTENCING REFORM

SEC. 539D. INCLUSION OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT AS GENERAL PUNITIVE ARTICLE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President shall--
        (1) prescribe regulations establishing sexual harassment, as 
    described in this section, as an offense punishable under section 
    934 of title 10, United States Code (article 134 of the Uniform 
    Code of Military Justice); and
        (2) revise the Manual for Courts-Martial to include such 
    offense.
    (b) Elements of Offense.--The regulations and the revisions to the 
Manual for Courts-Martial required under subsection (a) shall provide 
that the required elements constituting the offense of sexual 
harassment are--
        (1) that the accused knowingly made sexual advances, demands or 
    requests for sexual favors, or knowingly engaged in other conduct 
    of a sexual nature;
        (2) that such conduct was unwelcome;
        (3) that, under the circumstances, such conduct--
            (A) would cause a reasonable person to believe, and a 
        certain person did believe, that submission to such conduct 
        would be made, either explicitly or implicitly, a term or 
        condition of that person's job, pay, career, benefits, or 
        entitlements;
            (B) would cause a reasonable person to believe, and a 
        certain person did believe, that submission to, or rejection 
        of, such conduct would be used as a basis for decisions 
        affecting that person's job, pay, career, benefits, or 
        entitlements; or
            (C) was so severe, repetitive, or pervasive that a 
        reasonable person would perceive, and a certain person did 
        perceive, an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working 
        environment; and
        (4) that, under the circumstances, the conduct of the accused 
    was--
            (A) to the prejudice of good order and discipline in the 
        armed forces;
            (B) of a nature to bring discredit upon the armed forces; 
        or
            (C) to the prejudice of good order and discipline in the 
        armed forces and of a nature to bring discredit upon the armed 
        forces.
SEC. 539E. SENTENCING REFORM.
    (a) Article 53; Findings and Sentencing.--Section 853 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 53 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
    follows:
        ``(1) General and special courts-martial.--Except as provided 
    in subsection (c) for capital offenses, if the accused is convicted 
    of an offense in a trial by general or special court-martial, the 
    military judge shall sentence the accused. The sentence determined 
    by the military judge constitutes the sentence of the court-
    martial.''; and
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
        ``(1) In general.--In a capital case, if the accused is 
    convicted of an offense for which the court-martial may sentence 
    the accused to death--
            ``(A) the members shall determine--
                ``(i) whether the sentence for that offense shall be 
            death or life in prison without eligibility for parole; or
                ``(ii) whether the matter shall be returned to the 
            military judge for determination of a lesser punishment; 
            and
            ``(B) the military judge shall sentence the accused for 
        that offense in accordance with the determination of the 
        members under subparagraph (A).''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the court-martial'' and 
        inserting ``the military judge''.
    (b) Article 53a; Plea Agreements.--Section 853a of title 10, United 
States Code (article 53a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
amended by section 539 of this Act, is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), and (d), as 
    subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(b) Acceptance of Plea Agreement.--Subject to subsection (c), the 
military judge of a general or special court-martial shall accept a 
plea agreement submitted by the parties, except that--
        ``(1) in the case of an offense with a sentencing parameter set 
    forth in regulations prescribed by the President pursuant to 
    section 539E(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2022, the military judge may reject a plea agreement 
    that proposes a sentence that is outside the sentencing parameter 
    if the military judge determines that the proposed sentence is 
    plainly unreasonable; and
        ``(2) in the case of an offense for which the President has not 
    established a sentencing parameter pursuant to section 539E(e) of 
    the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022, the 
    military judge may reject a plea agreement that proposes a sentence 
    if the military judge determines that the proposed sentence is 
    plainly unreasonable.''.
    (c) Article 56; Sentencing.--Section 856 of title 10, United States 
Code (article 56 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (C)(vii), by striking ``and'' at 
            the end;
                (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting ``; and''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following new 
            subparagraph:
            ``(E) the applicable sentencing parameters or sentencing 
        criteria set forth in regulations prescribed by the President 
        pursuant to section 539E(e) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022.''; and
            (B) by striking paragraphs (2) through (4) and inserting 
        the following new paragraphs:
        ``(2) Application of sentencing parameters in general and 
    special courts-martial.--
            ``(A) Requirement to sentence within parameters.--Except as 
        provided in subparagraph (B), in a general or special court-
        martial in which the accused is convicted of an offense for 
        which the President has established a sentencing parameter 
        pursuant to section 539E(e) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022, the military judge 
        shall sentence the accused for that offense within the 
        applicable parameter.
            ``(B) Exception.--The military judge may impose a sentence 
        outside a sentencing parameter upon finding specific facts that 
        warrant such a sentence. If the military judge imposes a 
        sentence outside a sentencing parameter under this 
        subparagraph, the military judge shall include in the record a 
        written statement of the factual basis for the sentence.
        ``(3) Use of sentencing criteria in general and special courts-
    martial.--In a general or special court-martial in which the 
    accused is convicted of an offense for which the President has 
    established sentencing criteria pursuant to section 539E(e) of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022, the 
    military judge shall consider the applicable sentencing criteria in 
    determining the sentence for that offense.
        ``(4) Offense-based sentencing in general and special courts-
    martial.--In announcing the sentence under section 853 of this 
    title (article 53) in a general or special court-martial, the 
    military judge shall, with respect to each offense of which the 
    accused is found guilty, specify the term of confinement, if any, 
    and the amount of the fine, if any. If the accused is sentenced to 
    confinement for more than one offense, the military judge shall 
    specify whether the terms of confinement are to run consecutively 
    or concurrently.
        ``(5) Inapplicability to death penalty.--Sentencing parameters 
    and sentencing criteria shall not apply to a determination of 
    whether an offense should be punished by death.
        ``(6) Sentence of confinement for life without eligibility for 
    parole.--
            ``(A) In general.--If an offense is subject to a sentence 
        of confinement for life, a court-martial may impose a sentence 
        of confinement for life without eligibility for parole.
            ``(B) Term of confinement.--An accused who is sentenced to 
        confinement for life without eligibility for parole shall be 
        confined for the remainder of the accused's life unless--
                ``(i) the sentence is set aside or otherwise modified 
            as a result of--

                    ``(I) action taken by the convening authority or 
                the Secretary concerned; or
                    ``(II) any other action taken during post-trial 
                procedure or review under any other provision of 
                subchapter IX of this chapter;

                ``(ii) the sentence is set aside or otherwise modified 
            as a result of action taken by a court of competent 
            jurisdiction; or
                ``(iii) the accused receives a pardon or another form 
            of Executive clemency.''; and
        (4) in subsection (d)(1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C);
            (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(B) in the case of a sentence for an offense for which 
        the President has established a sentencing parameter pursuant 
        to section 539E(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2022, the sentence is a result of an incorrect 
        application of the parameter; or''; and
            (D) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated by subparagraph 
        (B) of this paragraph, by striking ``, as determined in 
        accordance with standards and procedures prescribed by the 
        President''.
    (d) Article 66; Courts of Criminal Appeals.--Section 866 of title 
10, United States Code (article 66 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 539A of this Act, is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (d)(1)(A), by striking the third sentence; 
    and
        (2) by amending subsection (e) to read as follows:
    ``(e) Consideration of Sentence.--
        ``(1) In general.--In considering a sentence on appeal, other 
    than as provided in section 856(d) of this title (article 56(d)), 
    the Court of Criminal Appeals may consider--
            ``(A) whether the sentence violates the law;
            ``(B) whether the sentence is inappropriately severe--
                ``(i) if the sentence is for an offense for which the 
            President has not established a sentencing parameter 
            pursuant to section 539E(e) of the National Defense 
            Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022; or
                ``(ii) in the case of an offense for which the 
            President has established a sentencing parameter pursuant 
            to section 539E(e) of the National Defense Authorization 
            Act for Fiscal Year 2022, if the sentence is above the 
            upper range of such sentencing parameter;
            ``(C) in the case of a sentence for an offense for which 
        the President has established a sentencing parameter pursuant 
        to section 539E(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2022, whether the sentence is a result of an 
        incorrect application of the parameter;
            ``(D) whether the sentence is plainly unreasonable; and
            ``(E) in review of a sentence to death or to life in prison 
        without eligibility for parole determined by the members in a 
        capital case under section 853(c) of this title (article 
        53(c)), whether the sentence is otherwise appropriate, under 
        rules prescribed by the President.
        ``(2) Record on appeal.--In an appeal under this subsection or 
    section 856(d) of this title (article 56(d)), other than review 
    under subsection (b)(2) of this section, the record on appeal shall 
    consist of--
            ``(A) any portion of the record in the case that is 
        designated as pertinent by any party;
            ``(B) the information submitted during the sentencing 
        proceeding; and
            ``(C) any information required by rule or order of the 
        Court of Criminal Appeals.''.
    (e) Establishment of Sentencing Parameters and Sentencing 
Criteria.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the President shall prescribe regulations 
    establishing sentencing parameters and sentencing criteria related 
    to offenses under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
    Uniform Code of Military Justice), in accordance with this 
    subsection. Such parameters and criteria--
            (A) shall cover sentences of confinement; and
            (B) may cover lesser punishments, as the President 
        determines appropriate.
        (2) Sentencing parameters.--Sentencing parameters established 
    under paragraph (1) shall--
            (A) identify a delineated sentencing range for an offense 
        that is appropriate for a typical violation of the offense, 
        taking into consideration--
                (i) the severity of the offense;
                (ii) the guideline or offense category that would apply 
            to the offense if the offense were tried in a United States 
            district court;
                (iii) any military-specific sentencing factors;
                (iv) the need for the sentencing parameter to be 
            sufficiently broad to allow for individualized 
            consideration of the offense and the accused; and
                (v) any other relevant sentencing guideline.
            (B) include no fewer than 5 and no more than 12 offense 
        categories;
            (C) assign such offense under this chapter to an offense 
        category unless the offense is identified as unsuitable for 
        sentencing parameters under paragraph (4)(F)(ii); and
            (D) delineate the confinement range for each offense 
        category by setting an upper confinement limit and a lower 
        confinement limit.
        (3) Sentencing criteria.--Sentencing criteria established under 
    paragraph (1) shall identify offense-specific factors the military 
    judge should consider and any collateral effects of available 
    punishments that may aid the military judge in determining an 
    appropriate sentence when there is no applicable sentencing 
    parameter for a specific offense.
        (4) Military sentencing parameters and criteria board.--
            (A) In general.--There is established within the Department 
        of Defense a board, to be known as the ``Military Sentencing 
        Parameters and Criteria Board'' (referred to in this subsection 
        as the ``Board'').
            (B) Voting members.--The Board shall have 5 voting members, 
        as follows:
                (i) The 4 chief trial judges designated under section 
            826(g) of title 10, United States Code (article 26(g) of 
            the Uniform Code of Military Justice), except that, if the 
            chief trial judge of the Coast Guard is not available, the 
            Judge Advocate General of the Coast Guard may designate as 
            a voting member a judge advocate of the Coast Guard with 
            substantial military justice experience.
                (ii) A trial judge of the Navy, designated under 
            regulations prescribed by the President, if the chief trial 
            judges designated under section 826(g) of title 10, United 
            States Code (article 26(g) of the Uniform Code of Military 
            Justice), do not include a trial judge of the Navy.
                (iii) A trial judge of the Marine Corps, designated 
            under regulations prescribed by the President, if the chief 
            trial judges designated under section 826(g) of title 10, 
            United States Code (article 26(g) of the Uniform Code of 
            Military Justice), do not include a trial judge of the 
            Marine Corps.
            (C) Nonvoting members.--The Chief Judge of the Court of 
        Appeals for the Armed Forces, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
        of Staff, and the General Counsel of the Department of Defense 
        shall each designate one nonvoting member of the Board. The 
        Secretary of Defense may appoint one additional nonvoting 
        member of the Board at the Secretary's discretion.
            (D) Chair and vice-chair.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        designate one voting member as chair of the Board and one 
        voting member as vice-chair.
            (E) Voting requirement.--An affirmative vote of at least 
        three members is required for any action of the Board under 
        this subsection.
            (F) Duties of board.--The Board shall have the following 
        duties:
                (i) As directed by the Secretary of Defense, the Board 
            shall submit to the President for approval--

                    (I) sentencing parameters for all offenses under 
                chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
                Code of Military Justice) (other than offenses that the 
                Board identifies as unsuitable for sentencing 
                parameters in accordance with clause (ii)); and
                    (II) sentencing criteria to be used by military 
                judges in determining appropriate sentences for 
                offenses that are identified as unsuitable for 
                sentencing parameters in accordance with clause (ii).

                (ii) Identify each offense under chapter 47 of title 
            10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
            Justice), that is unsuitable for sentencing parameters. The 
            Board shall identify an offense as unsuitable for 
            sentencing parameters if--

                    (I) the nature of the offense is indeterminate and 
                unsuitable for categorization; and
                    (II) there is no similar criminal offense under the 
                laws of the United States or the laws of the District 
                of Columbia.

                (iii) In developing sentencing parameters and criteria, 
            the Board shall consider the sentencing data collected by 
            the Military Justice Review Panel pursuant to section 
            946(f)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 
            146(f)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
                (iv) In addition to establishing parameters for 
            sentences of confinement under clause (i)(I), the Board 
            shall consider the appropriateness of establishing 
            sentencing parameters for punitive discharges, fines, 
            reductions, forfeitures, and other lesser punishments 
            authorized under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
            (the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
                (v) The Board shall regularly--

                    (I) review, and propose revision to, in 
                consideration of comments and data coming to the 
                Board's attention, the sentencing parameters and 
                sentencing criteria prescribed under paragraph (1); and
                    (II) submit to the President, through the Secretary 
                of Defense, proposed amendments to the sentencing 
                parameters and sentencing criteria, together with 
                statements explaining the basis for the proposed 
                amendments.

                (vi) The Board shall develop means of measuring the 
            degree to which applicable sentencing, penal, and 
            correctional practices are effective with respect to the 
            sentencing factors and policies set forth in this section.
                (vii) In fulfilling its duties and in exercising its 
            powers, the Board shall consult authorities on, and 
            individual and institutional representatives of, various 
            aspects of the military criminal justice system. The Board 
            may establish separate advisory groups consisting of 
            individuals with current or recent experience in command 
            and in senior enlisted positions, individuals with 
            experience in the trial of courts-martial, and such other 
            groups as the Board deems appropriate.
                (viii) The Board shall submit to the President, through 
            the Secretary of Defense, proposed amendments to the rules 
            for courts-martial with respect to sentencing proceedings 
            and maximum punishments, together with statements 
            explaining the basis for the proposed amendments.
    (f) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date that is two years after the date of the enactment of 
this Act and shall apply to sentences adjudged in cases in which all 
findings of guilty are for offenses that occurred after the date that 
is two years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (g) Repeal of Secretarial Guidelines on Sentences for Offenses 
Committed Under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.--Section 537 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
116-92; 133 Stat. 1363; 10 U.S.C. 856 note) is repealed.

                   PART 3--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 539F. BRIEFING AND REPORT ON RESOURCING REQUIRED FOR 
IMPLEMENTATION.
    (a) Briefing and Report Required.--
        (1) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2022, each Secretary 
    concerned shall provide to the appropriate congressional committees 
    a briefing that details the resourcing necessary to implement this 
    subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle.
        (2) Report.--On a date occurring after the briefing under 
    paragraph (1), but not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, each Secretary concerned shall submit to the 
    appropriate congressional committees a report that details the 
    resourcing necessary to implement this subtitle and the amendments 
    made by this subtitle.
        (3) Form of briefing and report.--Each Secretary concerned may 
    provide the briefing and report required under paragraphs (1) and 
    (2) jointly, or separately, as determined appropriate by such 
    Secretaries
    (b) Elements.--The briefing and report required under subsection 
(a) shall address the following:
        (1) The number of additional personnel and personnel 
    authorizations (military and civilian) required by the Armed Forces 
    to implement and execute the provisions of this subtitle and the 
    amendments made by this subtitle by the effective date specified in 
    section 539C.
        (2) The basis for the number provided pursuant to paragraph 
    (1), including the following:
            (A) A description of the organizational structure in which 
        such personnel or groups of personnel are or will be aligned.
            (B) The nature of the duties and functions to be performed 
        by any such personnel or groups of personnel across the domains 
        of policy-making, execution, assessment, and oversight.
            (C) The optimum caseload goal assigned to the following 
        categories of personnel who are or will participate in the 
        military justice process: criminal investigators of different 
        levels and expertise, laboratory personnel, defense counsel, 
        special trial counsel, military defense counsel, military 
        judges, and military magistrates.
            (D) Any required increase in the number of personnel 
        currently authorized in law to be assigned to the Armed Force 
        concerned.
        (3) The nature and scope of any contract required by the Armed 
    Force concerned to implement and execute the provisions of this 
    subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle by the effective 
    date specified in section 539C.
        (4) The amount and types of additional funding required by the 
    Armed Force concerned to implement the provisions of this subtitle 
    and the amendments made by this subtitle by the effective date 
    specified in section 539C.
        (5) Any additional authorities required to implement the 
    provisions of this subtitle and the amendments made by this 
    subtitle by the effective date specified in section 539C.
        (6) Any additional information the Secretary concerned 
    determines is necessary to ensure the manning, equipping, and 
    resourcing of the Armed Forces to implement and execute the 
    provisions of this subtitle and the amendments made by this 
    subtitle.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 539G. BRIEFING ON IMPLEMENTATION OF CERTAIN RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 
INDEPENDENT REVIEW COMMISSION ON SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE MILITARY.
    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a briefing on the status of the implementation of the 
recommendations set forth in the report of the Independent Review 
Commission on Sexual Assault in the Military titled ``Hard Truths and 
the Duty to Change: Recommendations from the Independent Review 
Commission on Sexual Assault in the Military'', and dated July 2, 2021.
    (b) Elements.--The briefing under subsection (a) shall address the 
following:
        (1) The status of the implementation of each recommendation, 
    including--
            (A) whether, how, and to what extent the recommendation has 
        been implemented; and
            (B) any rules, regulations, policies, or other guidance 
        that have been issued, revised, changed, or cancelled as a 
        result of the implementation of the recommendation.
        (2) For each recommendation that has not been fully implemented 
    or superseded by statute as of the date of the briefing, a 
    description of any plan for the implementation of the 
    recommendation, including identification of--
            (A) intermediate actions, milestone dates, and any expected 
        completion date for implementation of the recommendation; and
            (B) any rules, regulations, policies, or other guidance 
        that are expected to be issued, revised, changed, or cancelled 
        as a result of the implementation of the recommendation.

          Subtitle E--Other Military Justice and Legal Matters

    SEC. 541. RIGHTS OF THE VICTIM OF AN OFFENSE UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE 
      OF MILITARY JUSTICE.
    Section 806b(a) of title 10, United States Code (article 6b(a) of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (8) as paragraph (9); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(8) The right to be informed in a timely manner of any plea 
    agreement, separation-in-lieu-of-trial agreement, or non-
    prosecution agreement relating to the offense, unless providing 
    such information would jeopardize a law enforcement proceeding or 
    would violate the privacy concerns of an individual other than the 
    accused.''.
    SEC. 542. CONDUCT UNBECOMING AN OFFICER.
    (a) In General.--Section 933 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 133 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by striking ``and a gentleman''; 
    and
        (2) by striking ``and a gentleman''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter X of chapter 47 of such title is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 933 (article 133) and inserting the following 
new item:
``933. 133. Conduct unbecoming an officer.''.
    SEC. 543. INDEPENDENT INVESTIGATION OF COMPLAINTS OF SEXUAL 
      HARASSMENT.
    (a) In General.--Section 1561 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1561. Complaints of sexual harassment: independent investigation
    ``(a) Action on Complaints Alleging Sexual Harassment.--A 
commanding officer or officer in charge of a unit, vessel, facility, or 
area of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space Force who 
receives from a member of the command or a civilian employee under the 
supervision of the officer a formal complaint alleging a claim of 
sexual harassment by a member of the armed forces or a civilian 
employee of the Department of Defense shall, to the extent practicable, 
direct that an independent investigation of the matter be carried out 
in accordance with this section.
    ``(b) Commencement of Investigation.--To the extent practicable, a 
commanding officer or officer in charge receiving such a formal 
complaint shall forward such complaint to an independent investigator 
within 72 hours after receipt of the complaint, and shall further--
        ``(1) forward the formal complaint or a detailed description of 
    the allegation to the next superior officer in the chain of command 
    who is authorized to convene a general court-martial; and
        ``(2) advise the complainant of the commencement of the 
    investigation.
    ``(c) Duration of Investigation.--To the extent practicable, a 
commanding officer or officer in charge shall ensure that an 
independent investigator receiving a formal complaint of sexual 
harassment under this section completes the investigation of the 
complaint not later than 14 days after the date on which the 
investigation is commenced, and that the findings of the investigation 
are forwarded to the commanding officer or officer in charge specified 
in subsection (a) for action as appropriate.
    ``(d) Report on Investigation.--To the extent practicable, a 
commanding officer or officer in charge shall--
        ``(1) submit a final report on the results of the independent 
    investigation, including any action taken as a result of the 
    investigation, to the next superior officer referred to in 
    subsection (b)(1) within 20 days after the date on which the 
    investigation is commenced; or
        ``(2) submit a report on the progress made in completing the 
    investigation to the next superior officer referred to in 
    subsection (b)(1) within 20 days after the date on which the 
    investigation is commenced and every 14 days thereafter until the 
    investigation is completed and, upon completion of the 
    investigation, then submit a final report on the results of the 
    investigation, including any action taken as a result of the 
    investigation, to that next superior officer.
    ``(e) Sexual Harassment Defined.--In this section, the term `sexual 
harassment' means conduct that constitutes the offense of sexual 
harassment as punishable under section 934 of this title (article 134) 
pursuant to the regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for 
purposes of such section (article).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 80 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 1561 and inserting the following new item:
``1561. Complaints of sexual harassment: independent investigation.''.

    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall--
        (1) take effect on the date that is two years after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act; and
        (2) apply to any investigation of a formal complaint of sexual 
    harassment (as defined in section 1561 of title 10, United States 
    Code, as amended by subsection (a)) made on or after that date.
    (d) Regulations.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations providing for the implementation of section 1561 of title 
10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a).
    (e) Report on Implementation.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report on the preparation of the Secretary to 
implement section 1561 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
subsection (a).
    SEC. 544. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TRACKING OF ALLEGATIONS OF 
      RETALIATION BY VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT OR SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND 
      RELATED PERSONS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 80 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1562 the following new section:
``Sec. 1562a. Complaints of retaliation by victims of sexual assault or 
     sexual harassment and related persons: tracking by Department of 
     Defense
    ``(a) Designation of Responsible Component.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall designate a component of the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense to be responsible for documenting and tracking all covered 
allegations of retaliation and shall ensure that the Secretaries 
concerned and the Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
provide to such component the information required to be documented and 
tracked as described in subsection (b).
    ``(b) Tracking of Allegations.--The head of the component 
designated by the Secretary under subsection (a) shall document and 
track each covered allegation of retaliation, including--
        ``(1) that such an allegation has been reported and by whom;
        ``(2) the date of the report;
        ``(3) the nature of the allegation and the name of the person 
    or persons alleged to have engaged in such retaliation;
        ``(4) the Department of Defense component or other entity 
    responsible for the investigation of or inquiry into the 
    allegation;
        ``(5) the entry of findings;
        ``(6) referral of such findings to a decisionmaker for review 
    and action, as appropriate;
        ``(7) the outcome of final action; and
        ``(8) any other element of information pertaining to the 
    allegation determined appropriate by the Secretary or the head of 
    the component designated by the Secretary.
    ``(c) Covered Allegation of Retaliation Defined.--In this section, 
the term `covered allegation of retaliation' means an allegation of 
retaliation--
        ``(1) made by--
            ``(A) an alleged victim of sexual assault or sexual 
        harassment;
            ``(B) an individual charged with providing services or 
        support to an alleged victim of sexual assault or sexual 
        harassment;
            ``(C) a witness or bystander to an alleged sexual assault 
        or sexual harassment; or
            ``(D) any other person associated with an alleged victim of 
        a sexual assault or sexual harassment; and
        ``(2) without regard to whether the allegation is reported to 
    or investigated or inquired into by--
            ``(A) the Department of Defense Inspector General or any 
        other inspector general;
            ``(B) a military criminal investigative organization;
            ``(C) a commander or other person at the direction of the 
        commander;
            ``(D) another military or civilian law enforcement 
        organization; or
            ``(E) any other organization, officer, or employee of the 
        Department of Defense.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 80 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 1562 the following new item:
``1562a. Complaints of retaliation by victims of sexual assault or 
          sexual harassment and related persons: tracking by Department 
          of Defense.''.
    SEC. 545. MODIFICATION OF NOTICE TO VICTIMS OF PENDENCY OF FURTHER 
      ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION FOLLOWING A DETERMINATION NOT TO REFER TO 
      TRIAL BY COURT-MARTIAL.
    Section 549 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 806b note) is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by striking ``alleged sexual 
    assault'' and inserting ``alleged sex-related offense'';
        (2) by striking ``Under regulations'' and inserting 
    ``Notwithstanding section 552a of title 5, United States Code, and 
    under regulations'';
        (3) by striking ``alleged sexual assault'' and inserting ``an 
    alleged sex-related offense (as defined in section 1044e(h) of 
    title 10, United States Code)''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Upon 
    such final determination, the commander shall notify the victim of 
    the type of action taken on such case, the outcome of the action 
    (including any punishments assigned or characterization of service, 
    as applicable), and such other information as the commander 
    determines to be relevant.''
    SEC. 546. CIVILIAN POSITIONS TO SUPPORT SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL.
    (a) Civilian Support Positions.--Each Secretary of a military 
department may establish one or more civilian positions within each 
office of the Special Victims' Counsel under the jurisdiction of such 
Secretary.
    (b) Duties.--The duties of each position under subsection (a) shall 
be--
        (1) to provide support to Special Victims' Counsel, including 
    legal, paralegal, and administrative support; and
        (2) to ensure the continuity of legal services and the 
    preservation of institutional knowledge in the provision of victim 
    legal services notwithstanding transitions in the military 
    personnel assigned to offices of the Special Victims' Counsel.
    (c) Special Victims' Counsel Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Special Victims' Counsel'' means Special Victims' Counsel described 
in section 1044e of title 10, United States Code, and in the case of 
the Navy and Marine Corps, includes counsel designated as ``Victims' 
Legal Counsel''.
    SEC. 547. PLANS FOR UNIFORM DOCUMENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, TRACKING 
      PRETRIAL INFORMATION, AND ASSESSING CHANGES IN LAW.
    (a) Plan for Document Management System.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
    with the Secretary of Homeland Security (with respect to the Coast 
    Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy), the 
    Secretaries of the military departments, and the Judge Advocates 
    specified in subsection (e), shall publish a plan pursuant to which 
    the Secretary of Defense shall establish a single document 
    management system for use by each Armed Force to collect and 
    present information on matters within the military justice system, 
    including information collected and maintained for purposes of 
    section 940a of title 10, United States Code (article 140a of the 
    Uniform Code of Military Justice).
        (2) Elements.--The plan under subsection (a) shall meet the 
    following criteria:
            (A) Consistency of data fields.--The plan shall ensure that 
        each Armed Force uses consistent data collection fields, 
        definitions, and other criteria for the document management 
        system described in subsection (a).
            (B) Best practices.--The plan shall include a strategy for 
        incorporating into the document management system the features 
        of the case management and electronic case filing system of the 
        Federal courts to the greatest extent possible.
            (C) Prospective application.--The plan shall require the 
        document management system to be used for the collection and 
        presentation of information about matters occurring after the 
        date of the implementation of the system. The plan shall not 
        require the collection and presentation of historical data 
        about matters occurring before the implementation date of the 
        system.
            (D) Resources.--The plan shall include an estimate of the 
        resources (including costs, staffing, and other resources) 
        required to implement the document management system.
            (E) Authorities.--The plan shall include an analysis of any 
        legislative actions, including any changes to law, that may be 
        required to implement the document management system for each 
        Armed Force.
    (b) Plan for Tracking Pretrial Information.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security (with 
respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the 
Navy), the Secretaries of the military departments, and the Judge 
Advocates specified in subsection (e), shall publish a plan addressing 
how the Armed Forces will collect, track, and maintain pretrial 
records, data, and other information regarding the reporting, 
investigation, and processing of all offenses under chapter 47 of title 
10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), arising 
in any Armed Force in a manner such that each Armed Force uses 
consistent data collection fields, definitions, and criteria.
    (c) Plan for Assessing Effects of Changes in Law.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security (with 
respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the 
Navy), the Secretaries of the military departments, and the Judge 
Advocates specified in subsection (e), shall publish a plan addressing 
the manner in which the Department of Defense will analyze the effects 
of the changes in law and policy required under subtitle D and the 
amendments made by such subtitle with respect to the disposition of 
offenses over which a special trial counsel at any time exercises 
authority in accordance with section 824a of title 10, United States 
Code (article 24a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) (as added by 
section 531 of this Act).
    (d) Interim Briefings.--
        (1) In general.--Not less frequently than once every 90 days 
    during the covered period, the Secretary of Defense, in 
    consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security (with respect 
    to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the 
    Navy), the Secretaries of the military departments, and the Judge 
    Advocates specified in subsection (e), shall provide to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
    Transportation of the Senate, and the Committee on Transportation 
    and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a briefing on 
    the status of the development of the plans required under 
    subsections (a) through (c).
        (2) Covered period.--In this subsection, the term ``covered 
    period'' means the period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
    this Act and ending on the date that is one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act.
    (e) Judge Advocates Specified.--The Judge Advocates specified in 
this subsection are the following:
        (1) The Judge Advocate General of the Army.
        (2) The Judge Advocate General of the Navy.
        (3) The Judge Advocate General of the Air Force.
        (4) The Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine 
    Corps.
        (5) The Judge Advocate General of the Coast Guard.
    SEC. 548. DETERMINATION AND REPORTING OF MEMBERS MISSING, ABSENT 
      UNKNOWN, ABSENT WITHOUT LEAVE, AND DUTY STATUS-WHEREABOUTS 
      UNKNOWN.
    (a) Comprehensive Review of Missing Persons Reporting.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall instruct each Secretary of a military 
department to perform a comprehensive review of the policies and 
procedures of the military department concerned to determine and report 
a member of an Armed Force under the jurisdiction of such Secretary of 
a military department as missing, absent unknown, absent without leave, 
or duty status-whereabouts unknown.
    (b) Review of Installation-level Procedures.--In addition to such 
other requirements as may be set forth by the Secretary of Defense 
pursuant to subsection (a), each Secretary of a military department 
shall, with regard to the military department concerned--
        (1) direct each commander of a military installation, including 
    any tenant command or activity present on such military 
    installation, to review policies and procedures for carrying out 
    the determination and reporting activities described in subsection 
    (a); and
        (2) update such installation-level policies and procedures, 
    including any tenant command or activity policies and procedures, 
    to improve force protection, enhance security for members living on 
    the military installation, and promote reporting at the earliest 
    practicable time to local law enforcement (at all levels) and 
    Federal law enforcement field offices with overlapping jurisdiction 
    with that installation, when a member is determined to be missing, 
    absent unknown, absent without leave, or duty status-whereabouts 
    unknown.
    (c) Installation-specific Reporting Protocols.--
        (1) In general.--Each commander of a military installation 
    shall establish a protocol applicable to all persons and 
    organizations present on the military installation, including 
    tenant commands and activities, for sharing information with local 
    and Federal law enforcement agencies about members who are missing, 
    absent-unknown, absent without leave, or duty status-whereabouts 
    unknown. The protocol shall provide for the immediate entry 
    regarding the member concerned in the Missing Persons File of the 
    National Crimes Information Center data and for the commander to 
    immediately notify all local law enforcement agencies with 
    jurisdictions in the immediate area of the military installation, 
    when the status of a member assigned to such installation has been 
    determined to be missing, absent unknown, absent without leave, or 
    duty status-whereabouts unknown.
        (2) Reporting to military installation command.--Each commander 
    of a military installation shall submit the protocol established 
    pursuant to paragraph (1) to the Secretary of the military 
    department concerned.
    (d) Report Regarding National Guard.--Not later than June 1, 2022, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit, to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives, a report on the 
feasibility of implementing subsections (a), (b), and (c), with regards 
to facilities of the National Guard. Such report shall include 
recommendations of the Secretary, including a proposed timeline for 
implementing the provisions of such subsections that the Secretary 
determines feasible.
    SEC. 549. ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND 
      RESPONSE.
    (a) Delegation of Authority to Authorize Exceptional Eligibility 
for Certain Benefits.--Paragraph (4) of section 1059(m) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(4)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the authority of 
the Secretary concerned under paragraph (1) may not be delegated.
    ``(B) During the two year period following the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2022, the authority of the Secretary concerned under paragraph (1) may 
be delegated to an official at the Assistant Secretary-level or above. 
Any exercise of such delegated authority shall be reported to the 
Secretary concerned on a quarterly basis.''.
    (b) Extension of Requirement for Annual Family Advocacy Program 
Report Regarding Child Abuse and Domestic Violence.--Section 574(a) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328; 130 Stat. 2141) is amended by striking ``April 30, 2021'' and 
inserting ``April 30, 2026''.
    (c) Implementation of Comptroller General Recommendations.--
        (1) In general.--Consistent with the recommendations set forth 
    in the report of the Comptroller General of the United States 
    titled ``Domestic Abuse: Actions Needed to Enhance DOD's 
    Prevention, Response, and Oversight'' (GAO-21-289), the Secretary 
    of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
    departments, shall carry out the activities specified in 
    subparagraphs (A) through (K).
            (A) Domestic abuse data.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
        consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
        shall carry out each of the following:
                (i) Issue guidance to the Secretaries of the military 
            departments to clarify and standardize the process for 
            collecting and reporting data on domestic abuse in the 
            Armed Forces, including--

                    (I) data on the numbers and types of domestic abuse 
                incidents involving members of the Armed Forces; and
                    (II) data for inclusion in the reports required to 
                be submitted under section 574 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
                328; 130 Stat. 2141).

                (ii) Develop a quality control process to ensure the 
            accurate and complete reporting of data on allegations of 
            abuse involving a member of the Armed Forces, including 
            allegations of abuse that do not meet the Department of 
            Defense definition of domestic abuse.
                (iii) Expand the scope of any reporting to Congress 
            that includes data on domestic abuse in the Armed Forces to 
            include data on and analysis of the types of allegations of 
            domestic abuse.
            (B) Domestic violence and command action data.--Not later 
        than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of 
        the military departments, shall--
                (i) evaluate the organizations and elements of the 
            Department of Defense that are responsible for tracking 
            domestic violence incidents and the command actions taken 
            in response to such incidents to determine if there are 
            actions that may be carried out to--

                    (I) eliminate gaps and redundancies in the 
                activities of such organizations;
                    (II) ensure consistency in the approaches of such 
                organizations to the tracking of such incidents and 
                actions; and
                    (III) otherwise improve the tracking of such 
                incidents and actions across the Department;

                (ii) based on the evaluation under clause (i), clarify 
            or adjust--

                    (I) the duties of such organizations and elements; 
                and
                    (II) the manner in which such organizations and 
                elements coordinate their activities; and

                (iii) issue guidance to the Secretaries of the military 
            departments to clarify and standardize the information 
            required to be collected and reported to the database on 
            domestic violence incidents under section 1562 of title 10, 
            United States Code.
            (C) Regulations for violation of civilian orders of 
        protection.--The Secretary of Defense shall revise or issue 
        regulations (as applicable) to ensure that each Secretary of a 
        military department provides, to any member of the Armed Forces 
        under the jurisdiction of such Secretary who is subject to a 
        civilian order of protection, notice that the violation of such 
        order may be punishable under chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
            (D) Agreements with civilian victim service 
        organizations.--
                (i) Guidance required.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
            consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
            departments, shall issue guidance pursuant to which 
            personnel of a Family Advocacy Program at a military 
            installation may enter into memoranda of understanding with 
            qualified civilian victim service organizations for 
            purposes of providing services to victims of domestic abuse 
            in accordance with clause (ii).
                (ii) Contents of agreement.--A memorandum of 
            understanding entered into under clause (i) shall provide 
            that personnel of a Family Advocacy Program at a military 
            installation may refer a victim of domestic abuse to a 
            qualified civilian victim service organization if such 
            personnel determine that--

                    (I) the services offered at the installation are 
                insufficient to meet the victim's needs; or
                    (II) such a referral would otherwise benefit the 
                victim.

            (E) Screening and reporting of initial allegations.--The 
        Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of 
        the military departments, shall develop and implement a 
        standardized process--
                (i) to ensure consistency in the manner in which 
            allegations of domestic abuse are screened and documented 
            at military installations, including by ensuring that 
            allegations of domestic abuse are documented regardless of 
            the severity of the incident; and
                (ii) to ensure consistency in the form and manner in 
            which such allegations are presented to Incident 
            Determination Committees.
            (F) Implementation and oversight of incident determination 
        committees.--
                (i) Implementation.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
            consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
            departments, shall ensure that Incident Determination 
            Committees are fully implemented within each Armed Force.
                (ii) Oversight and monitoring.--The Secretary of 
            Defense shall--

                    (I) direct the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Personnel and Readiness to conduct oversight of the 
                activities of the Incident Determination Committees of 
                the Armed Forces on an ongoing basis; and
                    (II) establish a formal process through which the 
                Under Secretary will monitor Incident Determination 
                Committees to ensure that the activities of such 
                Committees are conducted in an consistent manner in 
                accordance with the applicable policies of the 
                Department of Defense and the Armed Forces.

            (G) Reasonable suspicion standard for incident reporting.--
        Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of the 
        Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
        Secretaries of the military departments, shall issue 
        regulations--
                (i) under which the personnel of a Family Advocacy 
            Program shall be required to report an allegation of 
            domestic abuse to an Incident Determination Committee if 
            there is reasonable suspicion that the abuse occurred; and
                (ii) that fully define and establish standardized 
            criteria for determining whether an allegation of abuse 
            meets the reasonable suspicion standard referred to in 
            clause (i).
            (H) Guidance for victim risk assessment.--The Secretary of 
        Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, shall issue guidance that--
                (i) identifies the risk assessment tools that must be 
            used by Family Advocacy Program personnel to assess reports 
            of domestic abuse; and
                (ii) establishes minimum qualifications for the 
            personnel responsible for using such tools.
            (I) Improving family advocacy program awareness 
        campaigns.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
        Secretaries of the military departments, shall develop and 
        implement--
                (i) a communications strategy to support the Armed 
            Forces in increasing awareness of the options and resources 
            available for reporting incidents of domestic abuse; and
                (ii) metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of domestic 
            abuse awareness campaigns within the Department of Defense 
            and the Armed Forces, including by identifying a target 
            audience and defining measurable objectives for such 
            campaigns.
            (J) Assessment of the disposition model for domestic 
        violence.--As part of the independent analysis required by 
        section 549C of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-
        283) the Secretary of Defense shall include an assessment of--
                (i) the risks and consequences of the disposition model 
            for domestic violence in effect as of the date of the 
            enactment of this Act, including the risks and consequences 
            of such model with respect to--

                    (I) the eligibility of victims for transitional 
                compensation and other benefits; and
                    (II) the eligibility of perpetrators of domestic 
                violence to possess firearms and any related effects on 
                the military service of such individuals; and

                (ii) the feasibility and advisability of establishing 
            alternative disposition models for domestic violence, 
            including an assessment of the advantages and disadvantages 
            of each proposed model.
            (K) Family advocacy program training.--
                (i) Training for commanders and senior enlisted 
            advisors.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
            the Secretaries of the military departments, shall--

                    (I) ensure that the Family Advocacy Program 
                training provided to installation-level commanders and 
                senior enlisted advisors of the Armed Forces meets the 
                applicable requirements of the Department of Defense; 
                and
                    (II) shall provide such additional guidance and 
                sample training materials as may be necessary to 
                improve the consistency of such training.

                (ii) Training for chaplains.--The Secretary of Defense 
            shall--

                    (I) require that chaplains of the Armed Forces 
                receive Family Advocacy Program training;
                    (II) establish content requirements and learning 
                objectives for such training; and
                    (III) provide such additional guidance and sample 
                training materials as may be necessary to effectively 
                implement such training.

                (iii) Training completion data.--The Secretary of 
            Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the 
            military departments, shall develop a process to ensure the 
            quality and completeness of data indicating whether members 
            of the Armed Forces who are required to complete Family 
            Advocacy Program training, including installation-level 
            commanders and senior enlisted advisors, have completed 
            such training.
        (2) General implementation date.--Except as otherwise provided 
    in paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall complete the 
    implementation of the activities specified in such paragraph by not 
    later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (3) Quarterly status briefing.--Not later than 90 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act and on a quarterly basis 
    thereafter until the date on which all of the activities specified 
    in paragraph (1) have been implemented, the Secretary of Defense 
    shall provide to the appropriate congressional committees a 
    briefing on the status of the implementation of such activities.
    (d) Information on Services for Military Families.--Each Secretary 
of a military department shall ensure that a military family member who 
reports an incident of domestic abuse or child abuse and neglect to a 
Family Advocacy Program under the jurisdiction of such Secretary 
receives comprehensive information, in a clear and easily 
understandable format, on the services available to such family member 
in connection with such incident. Such information shall include a 
complete guide to the following:
        (1) The Family Advocacy Program of the Armed Force or military 
    department concerned.
        (2) Military law enforcement services, including an explanation 
    of the process that follows a report of an incident of domestic 
    abuse or child abuse or neglect.
        (3) Other applicable victim services.
    (e) Reports on Staffing Levels for Family Advocacy Programs.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
    which the staffing tool described in paragraph (2) becomes 
    operational, and on an annual basis thereafter for the following 
    five years, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    appropriate congressional committees a report setting forth the 
    following:
            (A) Military, civilian, and contract support staffing 
        levels for the Family Advocacy Programs of the Armed Forces at 
        each military installation so staffed as of the date of the 
        report.
            (B) Recommendations for ideal staffing levels for the 
        Family Advocacy Programs, as identified by the staffing tool.
        (2) Staffing tool described.--The staffing tool described in 
    this paragraph is a tool that will be used to assist the Department 
    in determining adequate staffing levels for Family Advocacy 
    Programs.
        (3) Comptroller general review.--
            (A) In general.--Following the submission of the first 
        annual report required under paragraph (1), the Comptroller 
        General of the United States shall conduct a review of the 
        staffing of the Family Advocacy Programs of the Armed Forces.
            (B) Elements.--The review conducted under subparagraph (A) 
        shall include an assessment of each of the following:
                (i) The extent to which the Armed Forces have filled 
            authorized billets for Family Advocacy program manager, 
            clinician, and victim advocate positions.
                (ii) The extent to which the Armed Forces have 
            experienced challenges filling authorized Family Advocacy 
            Program positions, and how such challenges, if any, have 
            affected the provision of services.
                (iii) The extent to which the Department of Defense and 
            Armed Forces have ensured that Family Advocacy Program 
            clinicians and victim advocates meet qualification and 
            training requirements.
                (iv) The extent to which the Department of Defense has 
            established metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the 
            staffing tool described in paragraph (2).
            (C) Briefing and report.--
                (i) Briefing.--Not later than one year following the 
            submission of the first annual report required under 
            paragraph (1), the Comptroller General shall provide to the 
            Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
            Representatives a briefing on the preliminary observations 
            made by the Comptroller General as part of the review 
            required under subparagraph (A).
                (ii) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
            the briefing under clause (i), the Comptroller General 
            shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
            Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
            results of the review conducted under subparagraph (A).
    (f) Study and Briefing on Initial Entry Points.--
        (1) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study to 
    identify initial entry points (including anonymous entry points) 
    through which military family members may seek information or 
    support relating to domestic abuse or child abuse and neglect. Such 
    study shall include an assessment of--
            (A) points at which military families interact with the 
        Armed Forces or the Department of Defense through which such 
        information or support may be provided to family members, 
        including points such as enrollment in the Defense Enrollment 
        Eligibility Reporting System, and the issuance of 
        identification cards; and
            (B) other existing and potential routes through which such 
        family members may seek information or support from the Armed 
        Forces or the Department, including online chat rooms, text-
        based support capabilities, and software applications for 
        smartphones.
        (2) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
    the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a briefing setting forth the results of the study 
    conducted under paragraph (1).
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives.
        (2) The term ``civilian order of protection'' has the meaning 
    given that term in section 1561a of title 10, United States Code.
        (3) The term ``disposition model for domestic violence'' means 
    the process to determine--
            (A) the disposition of charges of an offense of domestic 
        violence under section 928b of title 10, United States Code 
        (article 128b of the Uniform Code of Military Justice); and
            (B) consequences of such disposition for members of the 
        Armed Forces determined to have committed such offense and the 
        victims of such offense.
        (4) The term ``Incident Determination Committee'' means a 
    committee established at a military installation that is 
    responsible for reviewing reported incidents of domestic abuse and 
    determining whether such incidents constitute harm to the victims 
    of such abuse according to the applicable criteria of the 
    Department of Defense.
        (5) The term ``qualified civilian victim service organization'' 
    means an organization outside the Department of Defense that--
            (A) is approved by the Secretary of Defense for the purpose 
        of providing legal or other services to victims of domestic 
        abuse; and
            (B) is located in a community surrounding a military 
        installation.
        (6) The term ``risk assessment tool'' means a process or 
    technology that may be used to evaluate a report of an incident of 
    domestic abuse to determine the likelihood that the abuse will 
    escalate or recur.
SEC. 549A. ANNUAL PRIMARY PREVENTION RESEARCH AGENDA.
    (a) In General.--Beginning on October 1, 2022, and annually on the 
first day of each fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary of Defense 
shall publish a Department of Defense research agenda for that fiscal 
year, focused on the primary prevention of interpersonal and self-
directed violence, including sexual assault, sexual harassment, 
domestic violence, child abuse and maltreatment, problematic juvenile 
sexual behavior, suicide, workplace violence, and substance misuse.
    (b) Elements.--Each annual primary prevention research agenda 
published under subsection (a) shall--
        (1) identify research priorities for that fiscal year;
        (2) assign research projects and tasks to the military 
    departments and other components of the Department of Defense, as 
    the Secretary of Defense determines appropriate;
        (3) allocate or direct the allocation of appropriate resourcing 
    for each such project and task; and
        (4) be directive in nature and enforceable across all 
    components of the Department of Defense, including with regard to--
            (A) providing for timely access to records, data and 
        information maintained by any component of the Department of 
        Defense that may be required in furtherance of an assigned 
        research project or task;
            (B) ensuring the sharing across all components of the 
        Department of Defense of the findings and the outcomes of any 
        research project or task; and
            (C) any other matter determined by the Secretary of 
        Defense.
    (c) Guiding Principles.--The primary prevention research agenda 
should, as determined by the Secretary of Defense--
        (1) reflect a preference for research projects and tasks with 
    the potential to yield or contribute to the development and 
    implementation of actionable primary prevention strategies in the 
    Department of Defense;
        (2) be integrated, so as to discover or test cross-cutting 
    interventions across the spectrum of interpersonal and self-
    directed violence;
        (3) incorporate collaboration with other Federal departments 
    and agencies, State governments, academia, industry, federally 
    funded research and development centers, non-profit organizations, 
    and other organizations outside of the Department of Defense; and
        (4) minimize unnecessary duplication of effort.
    (d) Budgeting.--The Secretary of Defense shall create a unique 
Program Element for and shall prioritize recurring funding to ensure 
the continuity of research pursuant to the annual primary prevention 
research agenda.
SEC. 549B. PRIMARY PREVENTION WORKFORCE.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
Primary Prevention Workforce to provide a comprehensive and integrated 
program across the Department of Defense enterprise for the primary 
prevention of interpersonal and self-directed violence, including 
sexual assault, sexual harassment, domestic violence, child abuse and 
maltreatment, problematic juvenile sexual behavior, suicide, workplace 
violence, and substance misuse.
    (b) Primary Prevention Workforce Model.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on 
    Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report setting 
    forth a holistic model for a dedicated and capable Primary 
    Prevention Workforce in the Department of Defense.
        (2) Elements.--The model required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) A description of Primary Prevention Workforce roles, 
        responsibilities, and capabilities, including--
                (i) the conduct of research and analysis;
                (ii) advising all levels of military commanders and 
            leaders;
                (iii) designing and writing strategic and operational 
            primary prevention policies and programs;
                (iv) integrating and analyzing data; and
                (v) implementing, evaluating, and adapting primary 
            prevention programs and activities, to include developing 
            evidence-based training and education programs for 
            Department personnel that is appropriately tailored by 
            rank, occupation, and environment.
            (B) The design and structure of the Primary Prevention 
        Workforce, including--
                (i) consideration of military, civilian, and hybrid 
            manpower options;
                (ii) the comprehensive integration of the workforce 
            from strategic to tactical levels of the Department of 
            Defense and its components; and
                (iii) mechanisms for individuals in workforce roles to 
            report to and align with installation-level and 
            headquarters personnel.
            (C) Strategies, plans, and systematic approaches for 
        recruiting, credentialing, promoting, and sustaining the 
        diversity of work force roles comprising a professional 
        workforce dedicated to primary prevention.
            (D) The creation of a professional, primary prevention 
        credential that standardizes a common base of education and 
        experience across the prevention workforce, coupled with 
        knowledge development and skill building requirements built 
        into the career cycle of prevention practitioners such that 
        competencies and expertise increase over time.
            (E) Any other matter the Secretary of Defense determines 
        necessary and appropriate to presenting an accurate and 
        complete model of the Primary Prevention Workforce.
    (c) Reports.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of the military departments 
    and the Chief of the National Guard Bureau each shall submit to the 
    Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on 
    Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report detailing 
    how the military services and the National Guard, as applicable, 
    will adapt and implement the primary prevention workforce model set 
    forth in the report required under subsection (b).
        (2) Elements.--Each report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
    include a description of--
            (A) expected milestones to implement the prevention 
        workforce in the component at issue;
            (B) challenges associated with implementation of the 
        workforce and the strategies for addressing such challenges; 
        and
            (C) additional authorities that may be required to optimize 
        implementation and operation of the workforce.
    (d) Operating Capability Deadline.--The Primary Prevention 
Workforce authorized under this section shall attain initial operating 
capability in each military department and military service and in the 
National Guard by not later than the effective date specified in 
section 539C.
SEC. 549C. REFORM AND IMPROVEMENT OF MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE 
ORGANIZATIONS.
    (a) Evaluation and Plan for Reform.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary concerned shall--
        (1) complete an evaluation of the effectiveness of the military 
    criminal investigative organization under the jurisdiction of such 
    Secretary: and
        (2) submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
    that includes--
            (A) the results of the evaluation conducted under paragraph 
        (1); and
            (B) based on such results, if the Secretary determines that 
        reform to the military criminal investigative organization 
        under the jurisdiction of such Secretary is advisable, a 
        proposal for reforming such organization to ensure that the 
        organization effectively meets the demand for complex 
        investigations and other emerging mission requirements.
    (b) Implementation Plan.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, each Secretary concerned shall submit to the 
    appropriate congressional committees a plan to implement, to the 
    extent determined appropriate by such Secretary, the reforms to the 
    military criminal investigative organization proposed by such 
    Secretary under subsection (a) to ensure that such organization is 
    capable of professionally investigating criminal misconduct under 
    its jurisdiction.
        (2) Elements.--Each plan under paragraph (1) shall include, 
    with respect to the military criminal investigative organization 
    under the jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned, the following:
            (A) The requirements that such military criminal 
        investigative organization must meet to effectively carry out 
        criminal investigative and other law enforcement missions in 
        2022 and subsequent years.
            (B) The resources that will be needed to ensure that each 
        such military criminal investigative organization can achieve 
        its mission.
            (C) An analysis of factors affecting the performance of 
        such military criminal investigate organization, including--
                (i) whether appropriate technological investigative 
            tools are available and accessible to such organization; 
            and
                (ii) whether the functions of such organization would 
            be better supported by civilian rather than military 
            leadership.
            (D) For each such military criminal investigative 
        organization--
                (i) the number of military personnel assigned to the 
            organization;
                (ii) the number of civilian personnel assigned to the 
            organization; and
                (iii) the functions of such military and civilian 
            personnel.
            (E) A description of any plans of the Secretary concerned 
        to develop a more professional workforce of military and 
        civilian investigators.
            (F) A proposed timeline for the reform of such military 
        investigative organization.
            (G) An explanation of the potential benefits of such 
        reforms, including a description of--
                (i) specific improvements that are expected to result 
            from the reforms; and
                (ii) whether the reforms will improve information 
            sharing across military criminal investigative 
            organizations.
            (H) With respect to the military criminal investigative 
        organization of the Army, an explanation of how the plan will--
                (i) address the findings of the report of the Fort Hood 
            Independent Review Committee, dated November 6, 2020; and
                (ii) coordinate with any other internal reform efforts 
            of the Army.
    (c) Limitation on the Changes to Training Locations.--In carrying 
out this section, the Secretary concerned may not change the locations 
at which military criminal investigative training is provided to 
members of the military criminal investigative organization under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary until--
        (1) the implementation plan under subsection (b) is submitted 
    to the appropriate congressional committees; and
        (2) a period of 60 days has elapsed following the date on which 
    the Secretary notifies the appropriate congressional committees of 
    the Secretary's intent to move such training to a different 
    location.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (2) The term ``military criminal investigative organization'' 
    means each organization or element of the Department of Defense or 
    the Armed Forces that is responsible for conducting criminal 
    investigations, including--
            (A) the Army Criminal Investigation Command;
            (B) the Naval Criminal Investigative Service;
            (C) the Air Force Office of Special Investigations;
            (D) the Coast Guard Investigative Service; and
            (E) the Defense Criminal Investigative Service.
        (3) The term ``Secretary concerned'' means--
            (A) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to the Army 
        Criminal Investigation Command;
            (B) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to the Naval 
        Criminal Investigative Service;
            (C) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to the Air 
        Force Office of Special Investigations;
            (D) the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to the 
        Coast Guard Investigative Service; and
            (E) the Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Defense 
        Criminal Investigative Service.
SEC. 549D. MILITARY DEFENSE COUNSEL.
    Each Secretary of a military department shall--
        (1) ensure that military defense counsel have timely and 
    reliable access to and funding for defense investigators, expert 
    witnesses, trial support, pre-trial and post-trial support, 
    paralegal support, counsel travel, and other necessary resources;
        (2) ensure that military defense counsel detailed to represent 
    a member of the Armed Forces accused of a covered offense (as 
    defined in section 801(17) of title 10, United States Code (article 
    1(17) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as added by section 
    533 of this Act) are well-trained and experienced, highly skilled, 
    and competent in the defense of cases involving covered offenses; 
    and
        (3) take or direct such other actions regarding military 
    defense counsel as may be warranted in the interest of the fair 
    administration of justice.
SEC. 549E. FULL FUNCTIONALITY OF MILITARY JUSTICE REVIEW PANEL.
    Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall establish or reconstitute, maintain, and 
ensure the full functionality of the Military Justice Review Panel 
established pursuant to section 946 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 146 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice)).
SEC. 549F. MILITARY SERVICE INDEPENDENT RACIAL DISPARITY REVIEW.
    (a) Review Required.--Each Secretary of a military department shall 
conduct an assessment of racial disparity in military justice and 
discipline processes and military personnel policies, as they pertain 
to minority populations.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, each Secretary of a military department shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives and the Comptroller General of the United States a 
report detailing the results of the assessment required by subsection 
(a), together with recommendations for statutory or regulatory changes 
as the Secretary concerned determines appropriate.
    (c) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than 180 days after 
receiving the reports submitted under subsection (b), the Comptroller 
General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report comparing the military 
service assessments on racial disparity conducted under subsection (a) 
to existing reports assessing racial disparity in civilian criminal 
justice systems in the United States.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Military justice; discipline processes.--The terms 
    ``military justice'' and ``discipline processes'' refer to all 
    facets of the military justice system, including investigation, the 
    use of administrative separations and other administrative 
    sanctions, non-judicial punishment, panel selection, pre-trial 
    confinement, the use of solitary confinement, dispositions of 
    courts-martial, sentencing, and post-trial processes.
        (2) Military personnel policies.--The term ``military personnel 
    policies'' includes accession rates and policies, retention rates 
    and policies, promotion rates, assignments, professional military 
    education selection and policies, and career opportunity for 
    minority members of the Armed Forces.
        (3) Minority populations.--The term ``minority populations'' 
    includes Black, Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian, 
    and Alaska Native populations.
SEC. 549G. INCLUSION OF RACE AND ETHNICITY IN ANNUAL REPORTS ON SEXUAL 
ASSAULTS; REPORTING ON RACIAL AND ETHNIC DEMOGRAPHICS IN THE MILITARY 
JUSTICE SYSTEM.
    (a) Annual Reports on Racial and Ethnic Demographics in the 
Military Justice System.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 23 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by inserting after section 485 the following new section:
``Sec. 486. Annual reports on racial and ethnic demographics in the 
   military justice system
    ``(a) In General.--Not later than March 1 of each year, the 
Secretary of each military department shall submit to the Secretary of 
Defense a report on racial, ethnic, and sex demographics in the 
military justice system during the preceding year. In the case of the 
Secretary of the Navy, separate reports shall be prepared for the Navy 
and for the Marine Corps. In the case of the Secretary of the Air 
Force, separate reports shall be prepared for the Air Force and for the 
Space Force.
    ``(b) Contents.--The report of a Secretary of a military department 
for an armed force under subsection (a) shall contain, to the extent 
possible, statistics on offenses under chapter 47 of this title (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), during the year covered by the 
report, including--
        ``(1) the number of offenses in the armed force that were 
    reported to military officials, disaggregated by--
            ``(A) statistical category as related to the victim; and
            ``(B) statistical category as related to the principal;
        ``(2) the number of offenses in the armed forces that were 
    investigated, disaggregated by statistical category as related to 
    the principal;
        ``(3) the number of offenses in which administrative action was 
    imposed, disaggregated by statistical category as related to the 
    principal and each type of administrative action imposed;
        ``(4) the number of offenses in which non judicial punishment 
    was imposed under section 815 of this title (article 15 of the 
    Uniform Code of Military Justice), disaggregated by statistical 
    category as related to the principal;
        ``(5) the number of offenses in which charges were preferred, 
    disaggregated by statistical category as related to the principal;
        ``(6) the number of offenses in which charges were referred to 
    court-martial, disaggregated by statistical category as related to 
    the principal and type of court-martial;
        ``(7) the number of offenses which resulted in conviction at 
    court-martial, disaggregated by statistical category as related to 
    the principal and type of court-martial; and
        ``(8) the number of offenses which resulted in acquittal at 
    court-martial, disaggregated by statistical category as related to 
    the principal and type of court-martial.
    ``(c) Submission to Congress.--Not later than April 30 of each year 
in which the Secretary of Defense receives reports under subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Defense shall forward the reports to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `statistical category' means each of the 
    following categories:
            ``(A) race;
            ``(B) sex;
            ``(C) ethnicity;
            ``(D) rank; and
            ``(E) offense enumerated under chapter 47 of this title 
        (the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
        ``(2) The term `principal' has the meaning given that term in 
    section 877 of this title (article 77 of the Uniform Code of 
    Military Justice).''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 23 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 485 the following new item:
``486. Annual reports on racial and ethnic demographics in the military 
          justice system.''.

    (b) Policy Required.--
        (1) Requirement.--Not later than two years after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
    a policy requiring information on the race and ethnicity of accused 
    individuals to be included to the maximum extent practicable in the 
    annual report required under section 1631 of the Ike Skelton 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 
    111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note).
        (2) Exclusion.--The policy prescribed under paragraph (1) may 
    provide for the exclusion of such information based on privacy 
    concerns, impacts on accountability efforts, or other matters of 
    importance as determined and identified in such policy by the 
    Secretary.
        (3) Publicly available.--The Secretary of Defense shall make 
    publicly available the information described in paragraph (1), 
    subject to the exclusion of such information pursuant to paragraph 
    (2).
        (4) Sunset.--The requirements of this subsection shall 
    terminate on May 1, 2028.
SEC. 549H. DOD SAFE HELPLINE AUTHORIZATION TO PERFORM INTAKE OF 
OFFICIAL RESTRICTED AND UNRESTRICTED REPORTS FOR ELIGIBLE ADULT SEXUAL 
ASSAULT VICTIMS.
    Section 584 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(d) Authorizations for DoD Safe Helpline.--
        ``(1) Providing support and receiving official reports.--DoD 
    Safe Helpline (or any successor service to DoD Safe Helpline, if 
    any, as identified by the Secretary of Defense) is authorized to 
    provide crisis intervention and support and to perform the intake 
    of official reports of sexual assault from eligible adult sexual 
    assault victims who contact the DoD Safe Helpline or other reports 
    as directed by the Secretary of Defense.
        ``(2) Training and oversight.--DoD Safe Helpline staff shall 
    have specialized training and appropriate certification to support 
    eligible adult sexual assault victims.
        ``(3) Eligibility and procedures.--The Secretary of Defense 
    shall prescribe regulations regarding eligibility for DoD Safe 
    Helpline services, procedures for providing crisis intervention and 
    support, and accepting reports.
        ``(4) Electronic receipt of official reports of adult sexual 
    assaults.--DoD Safe Helpline shall provide the ability to receive 
    reports of adult sexual assaults through the DoD Safe Helpline 
    website and mobile phone applications, in a secure manner 
    consistent with appropriate protection of victim privacy, and may 
    offer other methods of receiving electronic submission of adult 
    sexual assault reports, as appropriate, in a manner that 
    appropriately protects victim privacy.
        ``(5) Types of reports.--Reports of sexual assault from 
    eligible adult sexual assault victims received by DoD Safe Helpline 
    (or a successor as determined by the Secretary of Defense) shall 
    include unrestricted and restricted reports, or other reports as 
    directed by the Secretary of Defense.
        ``(6) Option for entry into the catch a serial offender 
    system.--An individual making a restricted report (or a relevant 
    successor type of report or other type of appropriate report, as 
    determined by the Secretary of Defense) to the DoD Safe Helpline 
    (or a successor as determined by the Secretary of Defense) shall 
    have the option to submit information related to their report to 
    the Catch a Serial Offender system (or its successor or similar 
    system as determined by the Secretary of Defense).''.
SEC. 549I. EXTENSION OF ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULTS 
INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    Section 1631(a) of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
amended by striking ``through March 1, 2021'' and inserting ``through 
March 1, 2026''.
SEC. 549J. STUDY AND REPORT ON SEXUAL ASSAULT RESPONSE COORDINATOR 
MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTY.
    (a) Study.--Beginning not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall initiate a 
personnel study to determine--
        (1) the feasibility and advisability of creating a military 
    occupational speciality for Sexual Assault Response Coordinators; 
    and
        (2) if determined to be feasible and advisable, the optimal 
    approach to establishing and maintaining such a military 
    occupational speciality.
    (b) Report and Briefing.--
        (1) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report on the results of the 
    study conducted under subsection (a).
        (2) Briefing.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which 
    the report is submitted under paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
    Defense shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
    briefing on the results of the study conducted under subsection 
    (a).
    (c) Elements.--The report and briefing under subsection (b) shall 
include the following:
        (1) The determination of the Secretary of Defense as to whether 
    creating a military occupational speciality for Sexual Assault 
    Response Coordinators is feasible and advisable.
        (2) If the Secretary determines that the creation of such a 
    specialty is feasible and advisable--
            (A) a recommendation on the rank and level of experience 
        required for a military occupational speciality for Sexual 
        Assault Response Coordinators;
            (B) recommendations for strengthening recruitment and 
        retention of members of the Armed Forces of the required rank 
        and experience identified under subparagraph (A), including 
        recommendations with respect to--
                (i) designating Sexual Assault Response Coordinators as 
            a secondary military occupational speciality instead of a 
            primary military occupational speciality;
                (ii) providing initial or recurrent bonuses or duty 
            stations of choice to members who qualify for the military 
            occupational speciality for Sexual Assault Response 
            Coordinators;
                (iii) limiting the amount of time that a member who has 
            qualified for such military occupational speciality can 
            serve as a Sexual Assault Response Coordinator in a given 
            period; or
                (iv) requiring evaluations, completed by an officer in 
            the rank of O-6 or higher, for members who have qualified 
            for such military occupational speciality and are serving 
            as a Sexual Assault Response Coordinator;
            (C) recommendations for standardizing training and 
        education for members of the Armed Forces seeking a military 
        occupational speciality for Sexual Assault Response 
        Coordinators or those serving as a Sexual Assault Response 
        Coordinator, including by establishing dedicated educational 
        programs for such members within each Armed Force;
            (D) an analysis of the impact of a military occupational 
        speciality for Sexual Assault Response Coordinators on the 
        personnel management of the existing Sexual Assault Response 
        Coordinator program, including recruitment and retention;
            (E) an analysis of the requirements for a Sexual Assault 
        Response Coordinator-specific chain of command;
            (F) analysis of the costs of establishing and maintaining a 
        military occupational speciality for Sexual Assault Response 
        Coordinators;
            (G) analysis of the potential impacts of a military 
        occupational specialty for Sexual Assault Response Coordinators 
        on the mental health of personnel within the specialty; and
            (H) any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
        relevant for inclusion.
SEC. 549K. AMENDMENTS TO ADDITIONAL DEPUTY INSPECTOR GENERAL OF THE 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    Section 554(a) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is 
amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by striking ``deputy'' and 
    inserting ``assistant'';
        (2) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                (i) by striking ``Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
            ``Inspector General of the Department of Defense''; and
                (ii) by striking ``Deputy'' and inserting 
            ``Assistant'';
            (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``of the Department''; 
        and
            (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``report directly to 
        and serve'' and inserting ``be'';
        (3) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in the matter preceding clause (i) of subparagraph 
        (A)--
                (i) by striking ``Conducting and supervising'' and 
            inserting ``Developing and carrying out a plan for the 
            conduct of comprehensive oversight, including through the 
            conduct and supervision of''; and
                (ii) by striking ``evaluations'' and inserting 
            ``inspections,'';
            (B) in clause (ii) of subparagraph (A), by striking ``, 
        including the duties of the Inspector General under subsection 
        (b)''; and
            (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Secretary or'';
        (4) in paragraph (3)(A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
    (A), by striking ``Deputy'' and inserting ``Assistant'';
        (5) in paragraph (4)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``Deputy'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``Assistant'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                (i) by striking ``Deputy'' the first place it appears;
                (ii) by striking ``and the Inspector General'';
                (iii) by striking ``Deputy'' the second place it 
            appears and inserting ``Assistant''; and
                (iv) by inserting before the period at the end the 
            following: ``, for inclusion in the next semiannual report 
            of the Inspector General under section 5 of the Inspector 
            General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.).'';
            (C) in subparagraph (C)--
                (i) by striking ``Deputy''; and
                (ii) by striking ``and Inspector General'';
            (D) in subparagraph (D)--
                (i) by striking ``Deputy'';
                (ii) by striking ``and the Inspector General'';
                (iii) by striking ``Secretary or''; and
                (iv) by striking ``direct'' and inserting 
            ``determine''; and
            (E) in subparagraph (E)--
                (i) by striking ``Deputy''; and
                (ii) by striking ``of the Department'' and all that 
            follows through ``Representatives'' and inserting 
            ``consistent with the requirements of the Inspector General 
            Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.).''.
SEC. 549L. IMPROVED DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PREVENTION OF, AND RESPONSE 
TO, BULLYING IN THE ARMED FORCES.
    Section 549 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``and bullying'' after 
    ``hazing'';
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in the heading, by inserting ``and anti-bullying'' 
        after ``Anti-hazing''; and
            (B) by inserting ``or bullying'' after ``hazing'' both 
        places it appears;
        (3) in subsection (b), by inserting ``and bullying'' after 
    ``hazing''; and
        (4) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in the heading, by inserting ``and bullying'' after 
        ``hazing'';
            (B) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) by striking ``January 31 of each year through 
                January 31, 2021'' and inserting ``May 31, 2023, and 
                annually thereafter for five years,''; and
                    (II) by striking ``each Secretary of a military 
                department, in consultation with the Chief of Staff of 
                each Armed Force under the jurisdiction of such 
                Secretary,'' and inserting ``the Secretary of 
                Defense'';

                (ii) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or bullying'' 
            after ``hazing''; and
                (iii) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``and anti-
            bullying'' after ``anti-hazing''; and
            (C) in amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
        ``(2) Additional elements.--Each report required by this 
    subsection shall include the following:
            ``(A) A description of comprehensive data-collection 
        systems of each Armed Force described in subsection (b) and the 
        Office of the Secretary of Defense for collecting hazing or 
        bullying reports involving a member of the Armed Forces.
            ``(B) A description of processes of each Armed Force 
        described in subsection (b) to identify, document, and report 
        alleged instances of hazing or bullying. Such description shall 
        include the methodology each such Armed Force uses to 
        categorize and count potential instances of hazing or bullying.
            ``(C) An assessment by each Secretary of a military 
        department of the quality and need for training on recognizing 
        and preventing hazing and bullying provided to members under 
        the jurisdiction of such Secretary.
            ``(D) An assessment by the Office of the Secretary of 
        Defense of--
                ``(i) the effectiveness of each Armed Force described 
            in subsection (b) in tracking and reporting instances of 
            hazing or bullying;
                ``(ii) whether the performance of each such Armed Force 
            was satisfactory or unsatisfactory in the preceding fiscal 
            year.
            ``(E) Recommendations of the Secretary to improve--
                ``(i) elements described in subparagraphs (A) through 
            (D).
                ``(ii) the Uniform Code of Military Justice or the 
            Manual for Courts-Martial to improve the prosecution of 
            persons alleged to have committed hazing or bullying in the 
            Armed Forces.
            ``(F) The status of efforts of the Secretary to evaluate 
        the prevalence of hazing and bullying in the Armed Forces.
            ``(G) Data on allegations of hazing and bullying in the 
        Armed Forces, including final disposition of investigations.
            ``(H) Plans of the Secretary to improve hazing and bullying 
        prevention and response during the next reporting year.''.
SEC. 549M. RECOMMENDATIONS ON SEPARATE PUNITIVE ARTICLE IN THE UNIFORM 
CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE ON VIOLENT EXTREMISM.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
containing such recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate 
with respect to the establishment of a separate punitive article in 
chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), on violent extremism.
SEC. 549N. COMBATING FOREIGN MALIGN INFLUENCE.
    Section 589E of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking subsections (d) and (e); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsections:
    ``(d) Establishment of Working Group.--(1) Not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this subsection, the Secretary of 
Defense shall establish a working group to assist the official 
designated under subsection (b), as follows:
        ``(A) In the identification of mediums used by covered foreign 
    countries to identify, access, and endeavor to influence 
    servicemembers and Department of Defense civilian employees through 
    foreign malign influence campaigns and the themes conveyed through 
    such mediums.
        ``(B) In coordinating and integrating the training program 
    under this subsection in order to enhance and strengthen 
    servicemember and Department of Defense civilian employee awareness 
    of and defenses against foreign malign influence, including by 
    bolstering information literacy.
        ``(C) In such other tasks deemed appropriate by the Secretary 
    of Defense or the official designated under subsection (b).
    ``(2) The official designed under subsection (b) and the working 
group established under this subsection shall consult with the Foreign 
Malign Influence Response Center established pursuant to section 3059 
of title 50, United States Code.
    ``(e) Report Required.--Not later than 18 months after the 
establishment of the working group, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the results of the working group, its 
activities, the effectiveness of the counter foreign malign influence 
activities carried out under this section, the metrics applied to 
determined effectiveness, and the actual costs associated with actions 
undertaken pursuant to this section.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Foreign malign influence.--The term `foreign malign 
    influence' has the meaning given that term in section 119C of the 
    National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3059).
        ``(2) Covered foreign country.--The term `covered foreign 
    country' has the meaning given that term in section 119C of the 
    National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3059)
        ``(3) Information literacy.--The term `information literacy' 
    means the set of skills needed to find, retrieve, understand, 
    evaluate, analyze, and effectively use information (which 
    encompasses spoken and broadcast words and videos, printed 
    materials, and digital content, data, and images).''.

         Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, and Transition

    SEC. 551. TROOPS-TO-TEACHERS PROGRAM.
    (a) Requirement to Carry Out Program.--Section 1154(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``may'' and inserting 
``shall''.
    (b) Reporting Requirement.--Section 1154 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection (j); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (h) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(i) Annual Report.--(1) Not later than December 1, 2022, and 
annually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on the Program.
    ``(2) The report required under paragraph (1) shall include the 
following elements:
        ``(A) The total cost of the Program for the most recent fiscal 
    year.
        ``(B) The total number of teachers placed during such fiscal 
    year and the locations of such placements.
        ``(C) An assessment of the STEM backgrounds of the teachers 
    placed, the number of placements in high-need schools, and any 
    other metric or information the Secretary considers appropriate to 
    illustrate the cost and benefits of the program to members of the 
    armed forces, veterans, and local educational agencies.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `appropriate congressional 
committees' means--
        ``(A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Help, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate; and
        ``(B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Education and Labor of the House of Representatives.''.
    (c) Sunset.--Section 1154 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by subsection (b), is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(k) Sunset.--The Program shall terminate on July 1, 2025, with 
respect to the selection of new participants for the program. 
Participants in the Program as of that date may complete their program, 
and remain eligible for benefits under this section.''.
    SEC. 552. CODIFICATION OF HUMAN RELATIONS TRAINING FOR CERTAIN 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 101 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before section 2002 the following new section:
``Sec. 2001. Human relations training
    ``(a) Human Relations Training.--(1)(A) The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that the Secretary of each military department conducts 
ongoing programs for human relations training for all members of the 
armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.
    ``(B) Matters covered by such training include race relations, 
equal opportunity, opposition to gender discrimination, and sensitivity 
to hate group activity.
    ``(C) Such training shall be provided during basic training (or 
other initial military training) and on a regular basis thereafter.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a unit commander 
is aware of the responsibility to ensure that impermissible activity, 
based upon discriminatory motives, does not occur in a unit under the 
command of such commander.
    ``(b) Information Provided to Prospective Recruits.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall ensure that--
        ``(1) each individual preparing to enter an officer accession 
    program or to execute an original enlistment agreement is provided 
    information concerning the meaning of the oath of office or oath of 
    enlistment for service in the armed forces in terms of the equal 
    protection and civil liberties guarantees of the Constitution; and
        ``(2) each such individual is informed that if supporting such 
    guarantees is not possible personally for that individual, then 
    that individual should decline to enter the armed forces.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Technical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
    beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting before the item 
    relating to section 2002 the following new item:
``2001. Human relations training.''.

        (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 571 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 10 
    U.S.C. 113 note) is repealed.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
regarding--
        (1) implementation of section 2001 of such title, as added by 
    subsection (a); and
        (2) legislation the Secretary determines necessary to complete 
    such implementation.
    SEC. 553. ALLOCATION OF AUTHORITY FOR NOMINATIONS TO THE MILITARY 
      SERVICE ACADEMIES IN THE EVENT OF THE DEATH, RESIGNATION, OR 
      EXPULSION FROM OFFICE OF A MEMBER OF CONGRESS.
    (a) United States Military Academy.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 753 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 7442 the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 7442a. Cadets: nomination in event of death, resignation, or 
     expulsion from office of Member of Congress otherwise authorized 
     to nominate
    ``(a) Senators.--In the event a Senator does not submit all 
nominations for cadets allocated to such Senator for an academic year 
in accordance with section 7442(a)(3) of this title, due to death, 
resignation from office, or expulsion from office, and the date of the 
swearing-in of the Senator's successor as Senator occurs after the date 
of the deadline for submittal of nominations for cadets for the 
academic year, the nominations for cadets for such academic year, 
otherwise authorized to be made by the Senator pursuant to such 
section, may be made instead by the other Senator from the State of 
such Representative.
    ``(b) Representatives.--In the event a Representative does not 
submit all nominations for cadets allocated to such Representative for 
an academic year in accordance with section 7442(a)(4) of this title, 
due to death, resignation from office, or expulsion from office, and 
the date of the swearing-in of the Representative's successor as 
Representative occurs after the date of the deadline for submittal of 
nominations for cadets for the academic year, the nominations for 
cadets for such academic year, otherwise authorized to be made by the 
Representative pursuant to such section, may be made instead by the 
Senators from the State of such Representative, with such nominations 
divided equally among such Senators and any remainder going to the 
senior Senator from the State.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--The nomination of a cadet by a Member 
of Congress pursuant to this section shall not be construed to 
permanently reallocate nominations under section 7442 of this title.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 753 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 7442 the following new item:
``7442a. Cadets: nomination in event of death, resignation, or expulsion 
          from office of Member of Congress otherwise authorized to 
          nominate.''.

    (b) United States Naval Academy.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 853 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 8454 the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 8454a. Midshipmen: nomination in event of death, resignation, or 
     expulsion from office of Member of Congress otherwise authorized 
     to nominate
    ``(a) Senators.--In the event a Senator does not submit all 
nominations for midshipmen allocated to such Senator for an academic 
year in accordance with section 8454(a)(3) of this title, due to death, 
resignation from office, or expulsion from office, and the date of the 
swearing-in of the Senator's successor as Senator occurs after the date 
of the deadline for submittal of nominations for midshipmen for the 
academic year, the nominations for midshipmen for such academic year, 
otherwise authorized to be made by the Senator pursuant to such 
section, may be made instead by the other Senator from the State of 
such Representative.
    ``(b) Representatives.--In the event a Representative does not 
submit all nominations for midshipmen allocated to such Representative 
for an academic year in accordance with section 8454(a)(4) of this 
title, due to death, resignation from office, or expulsion from office, 
and the date of the swearing-in of the Representative's successor as 
Representative occurs after the date of the deadline for submittal of 
nominations for midshipmen for the academic year, the nominations for 
midshipmen for such academic year, otherwise authorized to be made by 
the Representative pursuant to such section, may be made instead by the 
Senators from the State of such Representative, with such nominations 
divided equally among such Senators and any remainder going to the 
senior Senator from the State.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--The nomination of a midshipman by a 
Member of Congress pursuant to this section shall not be construed to 
permanently reallocate nominations under section 8454 of this title.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 853 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 8454 the following new item:
``8454a. Midshipmen: nomination in event of death, resignation, or 
          expulsion from office of Member of Congress otherwise 
          authorized to nominate.''.

    (c) Air Force Academy.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 953 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 9442 the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 9442a. Cadets: nomination in event of death, resignation, or 
     expulsion from office of Member of Congress otherwise authorized 
     to nominate
    ``(a) Senators.--In the event a Senator does not submit all 
nominations for cadets allocated to such Senator for an academic year 
in accordance with section 9442(a)(3) of this title, due to death, 
resignation from office, or expulsion from office, and the date of the 
swearing-in of the Senator's successor as Senator occurs after the date 
of the deadline for submittal of nominations for cadets for the 
academic year, the nominations for cadets for such academic year, 
otherwise authorized to be made by the Senator pursuant to such 
section, may be made instead by the other Senator from the State of 
such Representative.
    ``(b) Representatives.--In the event a Representative does not 
submit all nominations for cadets allocated to such Representative for 
an academic year in accordance with section 9442(a)(4) of this title, 
due to death, resignation from office, or expulsion from office, and 
the date of the swearing-in of the Representative's successor as 
Representative occurs after the date of the deadline for submittal of 
nominations for cadets for the academic year, the nominations for 
cadets for such academic year, otherwise authorized to be made by the 
Representative pursuant to such section, may be made instead by the 
Senators from the State of such Representative, with such nominations 
divided equally among such Senators and any remainder going to the 
senior Senator from the State.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--The nomination of a cadet by a Member 
of Congress pursuant to this section shall not be construed to 
permanently reallocate nominations under section 9442 of this title.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 953 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 9442 the following new item:
``9442a. Cadets: nomination in event of death, resignation, or expulsion 
          from office of Member of Congress otherwise authorized to 
          nominate.''.

    (d) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report regarding implementation of the 
amendments under this section, including--
        (1) the estimate of the Secretary regarding the frequency with 
    which the authorities under such amendments will be used each year; 
    and
        (2) the number of times a Member of Congress has failed to 
    submit nominations to the military academies due to death, 
    resignation from office, or expulsion from office.
    SEC. 554. AUTHORITY OF PRESIDENT TO APPOINT SUCCESSORS TO MEMBERS 
      OF BOARD OF VISITORS OF MILITARY ACADEMIES WHOSE TERMS HAVE 
      EXPIRED.
    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 7455(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``is appointed'' and 
inserting ``is appointed by the President''.
    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 8468(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``is appointed'' and 
inserting ``is appointed by the President''.
    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9455(b)(1) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``is designated'' and 
inserting ``is designated by the President''.
    (d) United States Coast Guard Academy.--Section 1903(b)(2)(B) of 
title 14, United States Code, is amended by striking ``is appointed'' 
and inserting ``is appointed by the President''.
    SEC. 555. MEETINGS OF THE BOARD OF VISITORS OF A MILITARY SERVICE 
      ACADEMY: VOTES REQUIRED TO CALL; HELD IN PERSON OR REMOTELY.
    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 7455 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(i)(1) A majority of the members of the Board may call an 
official meeting of the Board once per year.
    ``(2) A member may attend such meeting--
        ``(A) in person, at the Academy; or
        ``(B) remotely, at the election of such member.''.
    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 8468 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(i)(1) A majority of the members of the Board may call an 
official meeting of the Board once per year.
    ``(2) A member may attend such meeting--
        ``(A) in person, at the Academy; or
        ``(B) remotely, at the election of such member.''.
    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9455 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(i)(1) A majority of the members of the Board may call an 
official meeting of the Board once per year.
    ``(2) A member may attend such meeting--
        ``(A) in person, at the Academy; or
        ``(B) remotely, at the election of such member.''.
    SEC. 556. DEFENSE LANGUAGE INSTITUTE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CENTER.
    (a) Authority to Award Bachelor's Degrees.--Section 2168 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Associate'' and 
    inserting ``Associate or Bachelor''; and
        (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a) Subject to subsection (b), the Commandant of the Defense 
Language Institute may confer--
        ``(1) an Associate of Arts degree in a foreign language upon 
    any graduate of the Foreign Language Center of the Institute who 
    fulfills the requirements for that degree; or
        ``(2) a Bachelor of Arts degree in a foreign language upon any 
    graduate of the Foreign Language Center of the Institute who 
    fulfills the requirements for that degree.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 108 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 2168 and inserting the following new item:
``2168. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center: degree of 
          Associate or Bachelor of Arts in foreign language.''.
    SEC. 557. UNITED STATES NAVAL COMMUNITY COLLEGE.
    (a) Establishment.--Chapter 859 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 8595. United States Naval Community College: establishment and 
    degree granting authority
    ``(a) Establishment and Function.--There is a United States Naval 
Community College. The primary function of such College shall be to 
provide--
        ``(1) programs of academic instruction and professional and 
    technical education for individuals described in subsection (b) 
    in--
            ``(A) academic and technical fields of the liberal arts and 
        sciences which are relevant to the current and future needs of 
        the Navy and Marine Corps, including in designated fields of 
        national and economic importance such as cybersecurity, 
        artificial intelligence, machine learning, data science, and 
        software engineering; and
            ``(B) their practical duties;
        ``(2) remedial, developmental, or continuing education 
    programs, as prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, which are 
    necessary to support, maintain, or extend programs under paragraph 
    (1);
        ``(3) support and advisement services for individuals pursuing 
    such programs; and
        ``(4) continuous monitoring of the progress of such 
    individuals.
    ``(b) Individuals Eligible for Programs.--Subject to such other 
eligibility requirements as the Secretary of the Navy may prescribe, 
the following individuals are eligible to participate in programs and 
services under subsection (a):
        ``(1) Enlisted members of the Navy and Marine Corps.
        ``(2) Officers of the Navy and Marine Corps who hold a 
    commission but have not completed a postsecondary degree.
        ``(3) Civilian employees of the Department of the Navy.
        ``(4) Other individuals, as determined by the Secretary of the 
    Navy, so long as access to programs and services under subsection 
    (a) by such individuals is--
            ``(A) in alignment with the mission of the United States 
        Naval Community College; and
            ``(B) determined to support the mission or needs of the 
        Department of the Navy.
    ``(c) Degree and Credential Granting Authority.--
        ``(1) In general.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
    Secretary of the Navy, the head of the United States Naval 
    Community College may, upon the recommendation of the directors and 
    faculty of the College, confer appropriate degrees or academic 
    credentials upon graduates who meet the degree or credential 
    requirements.
        ``(2) Limitation.--A degree or credential may not be conferred 
    under this subsection unless--
            ``(A) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval 
        of the degree or credential in accordance with the Federal 
        Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal 
        Agencies; and
            ``(B) the United States Naval Community College is 
        accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting 
        agency or organization to award the degree or credential, as 
        determined by the Secretary of Education.
        ``(3) Congressional notification requirements.--
            ``(A) When seeking to establish degree or credential 
        granting authority under this subsection, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and House of Representatives--
                ``(i) a copy of the self assessment questionnaire 
            required by the Federal Policy Governing Granting of 
            Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies, at the time the 
            assessment is submitted to the Department of Education's 
            National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and 
            Integrity; and
                ``(ii) the subsequent recommendations and rationale of 
            the Secretary of Education regarding the establishment of 
            the degree or credential granting authority.
            ``(B) Upon any modification or redesignation of existing 
        degree or credential granting authority, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and House of Representatives a report containing the 
        rationale for the proposed modification or redesignation and 
        any subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of Education on 
        the proposed modification or redesignation.
            ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives a report containing an explanation of any 
        action by the appropriate academic accrediting agency or 
        organization not to accredit the United States Naval Community 
        College to award any new or existing degree or credential.
    ``(d) Civilian Faculty Members.--
        ``(1) Authority of secretary.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
    employ as many civilians as professors, instructors, and lecturers 
    at the United States Naval Community College as the Secretary 
    considers necessary.
        ``(2) Compensation.--The compensation of persons employed under 
    this subsection shall be prescribed by the Secretary of the 
    Navy.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 859 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following new item:
``8595. United States Naval Community College: establishment and degree 
          granting authority.''.
    SEC. 558. CODIFICATION OF ESTABLISHMENT OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE 
      INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 951 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before section 9414 the following new section:
``Sec. 9413. United States Air Force Institute of Technology: 
    establishment
    ``There is in the Department of the Air Force a United States Air 
Force Institute of Technology, the purposes of which are to perform 
research and to provide, to members of the Air Force and Space Force 
(including the reserve components) and civilian employees of such 
Department, advanced instruction and technical education regarding 
their duties.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting, before the item relating to 
section 9414, the following new item:
``9413. United States Air Force Institute of Technology: 
          establishment.''.
    SEC. 559. CONCURRENT USE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TUITION 
      ASSISTANCE AND MONTGOMERY GI BILL-SELECTED RESERVE BENEFITS.
    (a) In General.--Section 16131 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(k)(1) In the case of an individual entitled to educational 
assistance under this chapter who is pursuing education or training 
described in subsection (a) or (c) of section 2007 of this title on a 
half-time or more basis, the Secretary concerned shall, at the election 
of the individual, pay the individual educational assistance allowance 
under this chapter for pursuit of such education or training as if the 
individual were not also eligible to receive or in receipt of 
educational assistance under section 2007 for pursuit of such education 
or training.
    ``(2) Concurrent receipt of educational assistance under section 
2007 of this title and educational assistance under this chapter shall 
not be considered a duplication of benefits if the individual is 
enrolled in a program of education on a half-time or more basis.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 2007(d) of such title is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or chapter 1606 of this 
    title'' after ``of title 38''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``, in the case of 
    educational assistance under chapter 30 of such title, and section 
    16131(k), in the case of educational assistance under chapter 1606 
    of this title'' before the period at the end.
SEC. 559A. REGULATIONS ON CERTAIN PARENTAL GUARDIANSHIP RIGHTS OF 
CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN.
    (a) Regulations Required.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, after 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments and the 
Superintendent of each military service academy, shall prescribe 
regulations that include the option to preserve parental guardianship 
rights of a cadet or midshipman who becomes pregnant or fathers a child 
while attending a military service academy, consistent with the 
individual and academic responsibilities of such cadet or midshipman.
    (b) Briefings; Report.--
        (1) Interim briefing.--Not later than May 1, 2022, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and House of Representatives an interim 
    briefing on the development of the regulations prescribed under 
    subsection (a).
        (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
    Representatives a report on any legislation the Secretary 
    determines necessary to implement the regulations prescribed under 
    subsection (a).
        (3) Final briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
    Representatives a final briefing on the regulations prescribed 
    under subsection (a).
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to change, or require a change to, any admission requirement 
at a military service academy.
    (d) Military Service Academy Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military service academy'' means the following:
        (1) The United States Military Academy.
        (2) The United States Naval Academy.
        (3) The United States Air Force Academy.
SEC. 559B. DEFENSE LANGUAGE CONTINUING EDUCATION PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness shall establish policies and procedures to provide, to 
linguists of the covered Armed Forces who have made the transition from 
formal training programs to operational and staff assignments, 
continuing language education to maintain their respective language 
proficiencies.
    (b) Reimbursement Authority.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary, in coordination with 
    the chief of each covered Armed Force, shall establish a procedure 
    by which the covered Armed Force concerned may reimburse an 
    organization of the Department of Defense that provides, to members 
    of such covered Armed Force, continuing language education, 
    described in subsection (a), for the costs of such education.
        (2) Sunset.--The authority under this subsection shall expire 
    on September 30, 2025.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than July 1, 2022, the Under Secretary 
shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives on implementation of this section and plans regarding 
continuing language education described in subsection (a).
    (d) Covered Armed Force Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered Armed Force'' means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, 
or Space Force.
SEC. 559C. PROHIBITION ON IMPLEMENTATION BY UNITED STATES AIR FORCE 
ACADEMY OF CIVILIAN FACULTY TENURE SYSTEM.
    The Secretary of Defense may not implement a civilian faculty 
tenure system for the United States Air Force Academy (in this section 
referred to as the ``Academy'') until the Secretary submits to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report assessing the following:
        (1) How a civilian faculty tenure system would promote the 
    mission of the Academy.
        (2) How a civilian faculty tenure system would affect the 
    current curricular governance process of the Academy.
        (3) How the Academy will determine the number of civilian 
    faculty at the Academy who would be granted tenure.
        (4) How a tenure system would be structured for Federal 
    employees at the Academy, including exact details of specific 
    protections and limitations.
        (5) The budget implications of implementing a tenure system for 
    the Academy.
        (6) The faculty qualifications that would be required to earn 
    and maintain tenure.
        (7) The reasons for termination of tenure that will be 
    implemented and how a tenure termination effort would be conducted.
SEC. 559D. PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION: REPORT; DEFINITION.
    (a) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than July 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
    Defense, in consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
    Staff, shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth the 
    results of a review and assessment of the definition of 
    professional military education in the Department of Defense and 
    the military departments as specified in subsection (c).
        (2) Elements.--The report under this subsection shall include 
    the following elements:
            (A) A consolidated summary of all definitions of the term 
        ``professional military education'' used in the Department of 
        Defense and the military departments.
            (B) A description of how such term is used in the 
        Department of Defense in educational institutions, associated 
        schools, programs, think tanks, research centers, and support 
        activities.
            (C) An analysis of how such term--
                (i) applies to tactical, operational, and strategic 
            settings; and
                (ii) is linked to mission requirements.
            (D) An analysis of how professional military education has 
        been applied and linked through all levels of Department of 
        Defense education and training.
            (E) The applicability of professional military education to 
        the domains of warfare, including land, air, sea, space, and 
        cyber.
            (F) With regards to online and virtual learning in 
        professional military education--
                (i) an analysis of the use of such learning; and
                (ii) student satisfaction in comparison to traditional 
            classroom learning.
    (b) Definition.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Secretaries of the 
military departments, using the report under subsection (a), shall 
standardize the definition of ``professional military education'' 
across the military departments and the Department of Defense.
SEC. 559E. REPORT ON TRAINING AND EDUCATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
FORCES REGARDING SOCIAL REFORM AND UNHEALTHY BEHAVIORS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than June 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives a report on training and courses of 
education offered to covered members regarding--
        (1) sexual assault;
        (2) sexual harassment;
        (3) extremism;
        (4) domestic violence;
        (5) diversity, equity, and inclusion;
        (6) military equal opportunity;
        (7) suicide prevention; and
        (8) substance abuse.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall identify, with 
regard to each training or course of education, the following:
        (1) Sponsor.
        (2) Location.
        (3) Method.
        (4) Frequency.
        (5) Number of covered members who have participated.
        (6) Legislation, regulation, instruction, or guidance that 
    requires such training or course (if applicable).
        (7) Metrics of--
            (A) performance;
            (B) effectiveness; and
            (C) data collection.
        (8) Responsibilities of the Secretary of Defense or Secretary 
    of a military department to--
            (A) communicate with non-departmental entities;
            (B) process feedback from trainers, trainees, and such 
        entities;
            (C) connect such training or course to tactical, 
        operational, and strategic goals; and
            (D) connect such training or course to other training 
        regarding social reform and unhealthy behavior.
        (9) Analyses of--
            (A) whether the metrics described in paragraph (7) are 
        standardized across the military departments;
            (B) mechanisms used to engage non-departmental entities to 
        assist in the development of such training or courses;
            (C) incentives used to ensure the effectiveness of such 
        training or courses;
            (D) how each training or courses is intended to change 
        behavior; and
            (E) costs of such training and courses.
        (10) Recommendations of the Secretary of Defense to improve 
    such training or courses, including the estimated costs to 
    implement such improvements.
        (11) Any other information the Secretary of Defense determines 
    relevant.
    (c) Covered Member Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
member'' means a member of an Armed Force under the jurisdiction of the 
Secretary of a military department.
SEC. 559F. REPORT ON STATUS OF ARMY TUITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM ARMY 
IGNITED PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the status of the Army 
IgnitED program of the Army's Tuition Assistance Program.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
describe--
        (1) the estimated date when the Army IgnitED program will be 
    fully functional;
        (2) the estimated date when service members will be reimbursed 
    for out of pocket expenses caused by processing delays and errors 
    under the Army IgnitED program; and
        (3) the estimated date when institutions of higher education 
    will be fully reimbursed for all costs typically provided through 
    the Tuition Assistance Program but delayed due to processing delays 
    and errors under the Army IgnitED program.
SEC. 559G. BRIEFING ON CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN WITH SPEECH DISORDERS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives regarding nominees, 
who have speech disorders, to each military service academy. Such 
briefing shall include the following:
        (1) The number of such nominees were offered admission to the 
    military service academy concerned.
        (2) The number of nominees described in paragraph (1) who were 
    denied admission on the basis of such disorder.
        (3) Whether the admission process to a military service academy 
    includes testing for speech disorders.
        (4) The current medical standards of each military service 
    academy regarding speech disorders.
        (5) Whether the Superintendent of each military service academy 
    provides speech therapy to mitigate speech disorders--
            (A) of nominees to such military service academy to 
        facilitate admission of such nominees; and
            (B) of the cadets or midshipman at such military service 
        academy.

    Subtitle G--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

    SEC. 561. EXPANSION OF SUPPORT PROGRAMS FOR SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
      FORCES PERSONNEL AND IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS.
    Section 1788a(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (4), by striking ``covered personnel'' and 
    inserting ``covered individuals''; and
        (2) in paragraph (5)--
            (A) by striking ``covered personnel'' and inserting 
        ``covered individuals'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) immediate family members of individuals described in 
        subparagraphs (A) or (B) in a case in which such individual 
        died--
                ``(i) as a direct result of armed conflict;
                ``(ii) while engaged in hazardous service;
                ``(iii) in the performance of duty under conditions 
            simulating war; or
                ``(iv) through an instrumentality of war.''.
    SEC. 562. IMPROVEMENTS TO THE EXCEPTIONAL FAMILY MEMBER PROGRAM.
    (a) Expansion of Advisory Panel on Community Support for Military 
Families With Special Needs.--Section 563(d)(2) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 
1781c note) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``seven'' and inserting ``nine'';
        (2) by inserting ``, appointed by the Secretary of Defense,'' 
    after ``individuals'';
        (3) by inserting ``each'' before ``a member'';
        (4) by striking the second sentence and inserting ``In 
    appointing individuals to the panel, the Secretary shall ensure 
    that--''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(A) one individual is the spouse of an enlisted member;
            ``(B) one individual is the spouse of an officer in a grade 
        below O-6;
            ``(C) one individual is a junior enlisted member;
            ``(D) one individual is a junior officer;
            ``(E) individuals reside in different geographic regions;
            ``(F) one individual is a member serving at a remote 
        installation or is a member of the family of such a member; and
            ``(G) at least two individuals are members serving on 
        active duty, each with a dependent who--
                ``(i) is enrolled in the Exceptional Family Member 
            Program; and
                ``(ii) has an individualized education program.''.
    (b) Relocation.--The Secretary of the military department concerned 
may, if such Secretary determines it feasible, permit a covered member 
who receives permanent change of station orders to elect, not later 
than 14 days after such receipt, from at least two locations that 
provide support for the dependent of such covered member with a special 
need.
    (c) Family Member Medical Summary.--The Secretary of a military 
department, in coordination with the Director of the Defense Health 
Agency, shall require that a family member medical summary, completed 
by a licensed and credentialed medical provider, is accessible in the 
electronic health record of the Department of Defense for subsequent 
review by a licensed medical provider.
    (d) Covered Member Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
member'' means a member of an Armed Force--
        (1) under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
    department; and
        (2) with a dependent with a special need.
    SEC. 563. CERTAIN ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES THAT 
      BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MILITARY AND CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.
    (a) Continuation of Authority to Assist Local Educational Agencies 
That Benefit Dependents of Members of the Armed Forces and Department 
of Defense Civilian Employees.--
        (1) Assistance to schools with significant numbers of military 
    dependent students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
    for fiscal year 2022 by section 301 and available for operation and 
    maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
    table in section 4301, $50,000,000 shall be available only for the 
    purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
    subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
        (2) Local educational agency defined.--In this subsection, the 
    term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term 
    in section 7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
    1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).
    (b) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--
        (1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
    for fiscal year 2022 pursuant to section 301 and available for 
    operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified 
    in the funding table in section 4301, $10,000,000 shall be 
    available for payments under section 363 of the Floyd D. Spence 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted 
    into law by Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 U.S.C. 
    7703a).
        (2) Additional amount.--Of the amount authorized to be 
    appropriated for fiscal year 2022 pursuant to section 301 and 
    available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities 
    as specified in the funding table in section 4301, $10,000,000 
    shall be available for use by the Secretary of Defense to make 
    payments to local educational agencies determined by the Secretary 
    to have higher concentrations of military children with severe 
    disabilities.
        (3) Report.--Not later than March 31, 2022, the Secretary shall 
    brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
    of Representatives on the Department's evaluation of each local 
    educational agency with higher concentrations of military children 
    with severe disabilities and subsequent determination of the 
    amounts of impact aid each such agency shall receive.
    SEC. 564. PILOT PROGRAM TO ESTABLISH EMPLOYMENT FELLOWSHIP 
      OPPORTUNITIES FOR MILITARY SPOUSES.
    (a) Establishment.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense may establish a three-
year pilot program to provide employment support to the spouses of 
members of the Armed Forces through a paid fellowship with employers 
across a variety of industries. In carrying out the pilot program, the 
Secretary shall take the following steps:
        (1) Enter into a contract or other agreement to conduct a 
    career fellowship pilot program for military spouses.
        (2) Determine the appropriate capacity for the pilot program 
    based on annual funding availability.
        (3) Establish evaluation criteria to determine measures of 
    effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis of the pilot program in 
    supporting military spouse employment.
    (b) Limitation on Total Amount of Assistance.--The total amount of 
the pilot program may not exceed $5,000,000 over the life of the pilot.
    (c) Reports.--Not later than two years after the Secretary 
establishes the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives an interim report that includes the following elements:
        (1) The number of spouses who participated in the pilot program 
    annually.
        (2) The amount of funding spent through the pilot program 
    annually.
        (3) A recommendation of the Secretary regarding whether to 
    discontinue, expand, or make the pilot program permanent.
    (d) Final Report.--Not later than 180 days after the pilot program 
ends, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a final report that 
includes the following elements:
        (1) The number of spouses who participated in the pilot 
    program.
        (2) The amount of funding spent through the pilot program.
        (3) An evaluation of outcomes.
        (4) A recommendation of the Secretary regarding whether to make 
    the pilot program permanent.
    (e) Termination.--The pilot program shall terminate three years 
after the date on which the Secretary establishes the pilot program.
    SEC. 565. POLICY REGARDING REMOTE MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) Policy.--Not later than December 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall develop a uniform policy for how to--
        (1) identify remote military installations; and
        (2) assess and manage challenges associated with remote 
    military installations and military personnel assigned to remote 
    locations.
    (b) Elements.--The policy under subsection (a) shall address the 
following:
        (1) Activities and facilities for the morale, welfare, and 
    recreation of members of the Armed Forces.
        (2) Availability of housing, located on and off remote military 
    installations.
        (3) Educational services for dependents of members of the Armed 
    Forces, located on and off remote military installations.
        (4) Availability of health care.
        (5) Employment opportunities for military spouses.
        (6) Risks associated with having insufficient support services 
    for members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.
    (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report setting forth the policy under this 
section.
    (d) Military Installation Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military installation'' has the meaning given that term in section 
2801 of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 566. IMPLEMENTATION OF GAO RECOMMENDATION ON IMPROVED 
      COMMUNICATION OF BEST PRACTICES TO ENGAGE MILITARY SPOUSES WITH 
      CAREER ASSISTANCE RESOURCES.
    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan 
to implement the recommendation of the Comptroller General of the 
United States, to address strategies for sharing information on 
outreach to military spouses regarding career assistance resources, in 
the report of the Government Accountability Office titled ``Military 
Spouse Employment: DOD Should Continue Assessing State Licensing 
Practices and Increase Awareness of Resources'' (GAO-21-193). The plan 
shall include the following elements:
        (1) A summary of actions that have been taken to implement the 
    recommendation.
        (2) A summary of actions that will be taken to implement the 
    recommendation, including how the Secretary plans to--
            (A) engage military services and installations, members of 
        the Spouse Ambassador Network, and other local stakeholders to 
        obtain information on the outreach approaches and best 
        practices used by military installations and stakeholders;
            (B) overcome factors that may limit use of best practices;
            (C) disseminate best practices to relevant stakeholders; 
        and
            (D) identify ways to and better coordinate with the 
        Secretaries of Veterans Affairs, Labor, and Housing and Urban 
        Development; and
            (E) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
        implementation of the recommendation.
    (b) Implementation; Deadline.--Not later than 18 months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out activities to implement the plan developed under subsection (a).
    SEC. 567. STUDY ON EMPLOYMENT OF MILITARY SPOUSES.
    (a) Study.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
    to identify employment barriers affecting military spouses.
        (2) Elements.--The study conducted under paragraph (1) shall 
    determine the following:
            (A) The rate or prevalence of military spouses who are 
        currently employed and whether such military spouses have 
        children.
            (B) The rate or prevalence of military spouses who are 
        underemployed.
            (C) In connection with subparagraph (B), whether a military 
        spouse would have taken a different position of employment if 
        the military spouse were not impacted by the spouse who is a 
        member of the Armed Forces.
            (D) The rate or prevalence of military spouses who, due to 
        military affiliation, have experienced discrimination by 
        civilian employers, including loss of employment, denial of a 
        promotion, and difficulty in being hired.
            (E) Any other barriers of entry into the local workforce 
        for military spouses, including--
                (i) state licensure requirements;
                (ii) availability of childcare;
                (iii) access to broadband;
                (iv) job availability in military communities; and
                (v) access to housing.
    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report containing the results of the 
study conducted under this section, including any policy 
recommendations to address employment barriers identified by the study.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Military spouse.--The term ``military spouse'' means the 
    spouse of a member of the Armed Forces serving on active duty.
        (2) Congressional defense committees.--The term ``congressional 
    defense committees'' has the meaning given that term in section 
    101(a)(16) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 568. BRIEFING ON EFFORTS OF COMMANDERS OF MILITARY 
      INSTALLATIONS TO CONNECT MILITARY FAMILIES WITH LOCAL ENTITIES 
      THAT PROVIDE SERVICES TO MILITARY FAMILIES.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives on how and the 
extent to which commanders of military installations connect military 
families with local nonprofit and government entities that provide 
services to military families, including assistance with housing.
    SEC. 569. BRIEFING ON PROCESS TO CERTIFY REPORTING OF ELIGIBLE 
      FEDERALLY CONNECTED CHILDREN FOR PURPOSES OF FEDERAL IMPACT AID 
      PROGRAMS.
    (a) Briefing.--Not later April 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense 
shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives on the following:
        (1) The feasibility of developing a written process whereby an 
    installation commander can certify the information contained in 
    impact aid source check forms received by such installation 
    commander from local educational agencies.
        (2) Benefits of working with local educational agencies to 
    certify impact aid source check forms are submitted in the 
    appropriate manner.
        (3) An estimated timeline to implement such a certification 
    process.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``impact aid source check form'' means a form 
    submitted to a military installation by a local educational agency 
    to confirm the number and identity of children eligible to be 
    counted for purposes of the Federal impact aid program under 
    section 7003(a) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
    1965 (20 U.S.C. 7703(a)).
        (2) The term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education 
    Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
SEC. 569A. BRIEFING ON LEGAL SERVICES FOR FAMILIES ENROLLED IN THE 
EXCEPTIONAL FAMILY MEMBER PROGRAM.
    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
on the provision of legal services, under section 582(b)(7) of the 
William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283), to families enrolled in EFMP.
    (b) Elements.--The briefing shall include the following elements:
        (1) Training, provided by civilian attorneys or judge advocates 
    general, regarding special education.
        (2) Casework, relating to special education, of such civilian 
    attorneys and judge advocates general.
        (3) Information on how such legal services tie in to broader 
    EFMP support under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 
    (Public Law 91-230), including the geographic support model.
        (4) Other matters regarding such legal services that the 
    Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.
        (5) Costs of such elements described in paragraphs (1) through 
    (4).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``EFMP'' means the Exceptional Family Member 
    Program.
        (2) The terms ``child with a disability'', ``free appropriate 
    public education'', and ``special education'' have the meanings 
    given those terms in section 602 of the Individuals with 
    Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1401).
SEC. 569B. GAO REVIEW OF PRESERVATION OF THE FORCE AND FAMILY PROGRAM 
OF UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND: BRIEFING; REPORT.
    (a) Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a review of POTFF. Such review shall include the following:
        (1) With regards to current programs and activities of POTFF, 
    an assessment of the sufficiency of the following domains:
            (A) Human performance.
            (B) Psychological and behavioral health.
            (C) Social and family readiness.
            (D) Spiritual.
        (2) A description of efforts of the Commander of United States 
    Special Operations Command to assess the unique needs of members of 
    special operations forces, including women and minorities.
        (3) A description of plans of the Commander to improve POTFF to 
    better address the unique needs of members of special operations 
    forces.
        (4) Changes in costs to the United States to operate POTFF 
    since implementation.
        (5) Rates of participation in POTFF, including--
            (A) the number of individuals who participate;
            (B) frequency of use by such individuals; and
            (C) geographic locations where such individuals 
        participate.
        (6) Methods by which data on POTFF is collected and analyzed.
        (7) Outcomes used to determine the effects of POTFF on members 
    of special operations forces and their immediate family members, 
    including a description of the effectiveness of POTFF in addressing 
    unique needs of such individuals.
        (8) Any other matter the Comptroller General determines 
    appropriate.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall brief the 
appropriate committees on the preliminary findings of the Comptroller 
General under such review.
    (c) Report.--The Comptroller General shall submit to the 
appropriate committees a final report on such review at a date mutually 
agreed upon by the Comptroller General and the appropriate committees.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate committees'' means the Committees on 
    Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives.
        (2) The term ``POTFF'' means the Preservation of the Force and 
    Family Program of United States Special Operations Command under 
    section 1788a of title 10, United States Code.
        (3) The term ``special operations forces'' means the forces 
    described in section 167(j) of title 10, United States Code.

                  Subtitle H--Diversity and Inclusion

    SEC. 571. REDUCTION OF GENDER-RELATED INEQUITIES IN COSTS OF 
      UNIFORMS TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Establishment of Criteria.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness and 
in coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
establish criteria, consistent across the Armed Forces, for determining 
which uniform or clothing items across the Armed Forces are considered 
uniquely military for purposes of calculating the standard cash 
clothing replacement allowances, in part to reduce differences in out-
of pocket costs incurred by enlisted members of the Armed Forces across 
the military services and by gender within an Armed Force.
    (b) Reviews.--
        (1) Quinquennial review.--The Under Secretary shall review the 
    criteria established under subsection (a) every five years after 
    such establishment and recommend to the Secretaries of the military 
    departments adjustments to clothing allowances for enlisted members 
    if such allowances are insufficient to pay for uniquely military 
    items determined pursuant to such criteria.
        (2) Periodic reviews.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
    the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, and in 
    coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
    shall periodically review--
            (A) all uniform clothing plans of each Armed Force under 
        the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department to 
        identify data needed to facilitate cost discussions and make 
        recommendations described in paragraph (1);
            (B) not less than once every five years, calculations of 
        each Armed Force for standard clothing replacement allowances 
        for enlisted members, in order to develop a standard by which 
        to identify differences described in subsection (a);
            (C) not less than once every 10 years, initial clothing 
        allowances for officers, in order to identify data necessary to 
        facilitate cost discussions and make recommendations described 
        in paragraph (1); and
            (D) all plans of each Armed Force under the jurisdiction of 
        the Secretary of a military department for changing uniform 
        items to determine if such planned changes will result in 
        differences described in subsection (a).
    (c) Regulations.--Not later than September 30, 2022, each Secretary 
of a military department shall prescribe regulations that ensure the 
following:
        (1) The out-of-pocket cost to an officer or enlisted member of 
    an Armed Force for a mandatory uniform item (or part of such 
    uniform) may not exceed such cost to another officer or enlisted 
    member of that Armed Force for such uniform (or part, or equivalent 
    part, of such uniform) solely based on gender.
        (2) If a change to a uniform of an Armed Force affects only 
    enlisted members of one gender, an enlisted member of such gender 
    in such Armed Force shall be entitled to an allowance equal to the 
    out-of-pocket cost to the officer or enlisted member relating to 
    such change.
        (3) An individual who has separated or retired, or been 
    discharged or dismissed, from the Armed Forces, shall not entitled 
    to an allowance under paragraph (2).
    (d) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report on--
        (1) the estimated production costs and average retail prices of 
    military clothing items for members (including officers and 
    enlisted members) of each Armed Force; and
        (2) a comparison of costs for male and female military clothing 
    items for members of each Armed Force.
    SEC. 572. STUDY ON NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO 
      IDENTIFY AS HISPANIC OR LATINO.
    The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into an agreement with 
a federally funded research and development center to conduct a study 
of the following:
        (1) The number of members of the regular components of the 
    Armed Forces (including cadets and midshipmen at the military 
    service academies) who identify as Hispanic or Latino, separated by 
    rank.
        (2) A comparison of the percentage of the members described in 
    paragraph (1) with the percentage of the population of the United 
    States who are eligible to enlist or commission in the Armed Forces 
    who identify as Hispanic or Latino.
        (3) A comparison of how each of the Armed Forces recruits 
    individuals who identify as Hispanic or Latino.
        (4) A comparison of how each of the Armed Forces retains both 
    officer and enlisted members who identify as Hispanic or Latino.
        (5) A comparison of how each of the Armed Forces promotes both 
    officer and enlisted members who identify as Hispanic or Latino.
    SEC. 573. INCLUSION OF MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES, OFFICER 
      CANDIDATE AND TRAINING SCHOOLS, AND THE SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' 
      TRAINING CORPS DATA IN DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION REPORTING.
    Section 113 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(2), by inserting before the semicolon the 
    following: ``, including the status of diversity and inclusion in 
    the military service academies, the Officer Candidate and Training 
    Schools, and the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs 
    of such department''; and
        (2) in subsection (m)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), and (7) as 
        paragraphs (6), (7), and (8), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph:
        ``(5) The number of graduates of the Senior Reserve Officers' 
    Training Corps during the fiscal year covered by the report, 
    disaggregated by gender, race, and ethnicity, for each military 
    department.''.
    SEC. 574. EXTENSION OF DEADLINE FOR GAO REPORT ON EQUAL OPPORTUNITY 
      AT THE MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES.
    Section 558 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is amended, 
in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``May 31, 2022''.

 Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards, Miscellaneous Reports, and Other 
                                Matters

    SEC. 581. MODIFIED DEADLINE FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF SPECIAL PURPOSE 
      ADJUNCT TO ARMED SERVICES VOCATIONAL APTITUDE BATTERY TEST.
    Section 594 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is amended 
by striking ``Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act'' and inserting ``Not later than October 1, 2024''.
    SEC. 582. AUTHORIZATIONS FOR CERTAIN AWARDS.
    (a) Medal of Honor to Charles R. Johnson for Acts of Valor During 
the Korean War.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of such title to 
    Charles R. Johnson for the acts of valor described in paragraph 
    (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of Charles R. Johnson on June 11 and 
    12, 1953, as a member of the Army serving in Korea, for which he 
    was awarded the Silver Star.
    (b) Medal of Honor to Wataru Nakamura for Acts of Valor During the 
Korean War.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of such title to Wataru 
    Nakamura for the acts of valor described in paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of Wataru Nakamura on May 18, 1951, 
    as a member of the Army serving in Korea, for which he was awarded 
    the Distinguished-Service Cross.
    (c) Medal of Honor to Bruno R. Orig for Acts of Valor During the 
Korean War.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of such title to Bruno 
    R. Orig for the acts of valor described in paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of Bruno R. Orig on Februray 15, 
    1951, as a member of the Army serving in Korea, for which he was 
    awarded the Distinguished-Service Cross.
    (d) Medal of Honor to Dennis M. Fujii for Acts of Valor During the 
Vietnam War.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of such title to Dennis 
    M. Fujii for the acts of valor described in paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of Dennis M. Fujii on February 18 
    through 22, 1971, as a member of the Army serving in the Republic 
    of Vietnam, for which he was awarded the Distinguished-Service 
    Cross.
    (e) Medal of Honor to Edward N. Kaneshiro, for Acts of Valor During 
the Vietnam War.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of such title to Edward 
    N. Kaneshiro for the acts of valor described in paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of Edward N. Kaneshiro on December 
    1, 1966, as a member of the Army serving in Vietnam, for which he 
    was awarded the Distinguished-Service Cross.
    (f) Distinguished-Service Cross to Earl R. Fillmore, Jr. for Acts 
of Valor in Somalia.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Distinguished-Service Cross under section 7272 of such 
    title to Earl R. Fillmore, Jr. for the acts of valor described in 
    paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of Earl R. Fillmore, Jr. on October 
    3, 1993, as a member of the Army serving in Somalia, for which he 
    was awarded the Silver Star.
    (g) Distinguished-Service Cross to Robert L. Mabry for Acts of 
Valor in Somalia.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Distinguished-Service Cross under section 7272 of such 
    title to Robert L. Mabry for the acts of valor described in 
    paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of Robert L. Mabry on October 3 and 
    4, 1993, as a member of the Army serving in Somalia, for which he 
    was awarded the Silver Star.
    (h) Distinguished-Service Cross to John G. Macejunas for Acts of 
Valor in Somalia.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Distinguished-Service Cross under section 7272 of such 
    title to John G. Macejunas for the acts of valor described in 
    paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of John G. Macejunas on October 3 
    and 4, 1993, as a member of the Army serving in Somalia, for which 
    he was awarded the Silver Star.
    (i) Distinguished-Service Cross to William F. Thetford for Acts of 
Valor in Somalia.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Distinguished-Service Cross under section 7272 of such 
    title to William F. Thetford for the acts of valor described in 
    paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of William F. Thetford on October 3 
    and 4, 1993, as a member of the Army serving in Somalia, for which 
    he was awarded the Silver Star.
    SEC. 583. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE ATOMIC VETERANS COMMEMORATIVE 
      SERVICE MEDAL.
    (a) Service Medal Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall design 
and produce a commemorative military service medal, to be known as the 
``Atomic Veterans Commemorative Service Medal'', to commemorate the 
service and sacrifice of veterans who were instrumental in the 
development of our nations atomic and nuclear weapons programs.
    (b) Eligibility Requirements.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall, 
within 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, determine 
eligibility requirements for this medal.
    (2) Sixty days prior to publishing the eligibility requirements for 
this medal, the Secretary of Defense shall submit proposed eligibility 
criteria under paragraph (1) to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives for comment.
    (3) The Secretary of Defense may require persons to submit 
supporting documentation for the medal authorized in subsection (a) to 
determine eligibility under paragraph (1).
    (c) Distribution of Medal.--
        (1) Issuance to retired and former members.--At the request of 
    an eligible veteran, the Secretary of Defense shall issue the 
    Atomic Veterans Commemorative Service Medal to the eligible 
    veteran.
        (2) Issuance to next-of-kin.--In the case of a veteran who is 
    deceased, the Secretary may provide for issuance of the Atomic 
    Veterans Commemorative Service Medal to the next-of-kin of the 
    persons. If applications for a medal are filed by more than one 
    next of kin of a person eligible to receive a medal under this 
    section, the Secretary of Defense shall determine which next-of-kin 
    will receive the medal.
        (3) Application.--The Secretary shall prepare and disseminate 
    as appropriate an application by which veterans and their next-of-
    kin may apply to receive the Atomic Veterans Service Medal.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated such sum as may be necessary to carry out this section.
    SEC. 584. UPDATES AND PRESERVATION OF MEMORIALS TO CHAPLAINS AT 
      ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY.
    (a) Updates and Preservation of Memorials.--
        (1) Protestant chaplains memorial.--The Secretary of the Army 
    may permit NCMAF--
            (A) to modify the memorial to Protestant chaplains located 
        on Chaplains Hill to include a granite, marble, or other stone 
        base for the bronze plaque of the memorial;
            (B) to provide an updated bronze plaque, described in 
        subparagraph (A), including the name of each chaplain, verified 
        as described in subsection (b), who died while serving on 
        active duty in the Armed Forces after the date on which the 
        original memorial was placed; and
            (C) to make such other updates and corrections to the 
        memorial that the Secretary determines necessary.
        (2) Catholic and jewish chaplain memorials.--The Secretary of 
    the Army may permit NCMAF to update and make corrections to the 
    Catholic and Jewish chaplain memorials located on Chaplains Hill 
    that the Secretary determines necessary.
        (3) No cost to federal government.--The activities of NCMAF 
    authorized by this subsection shall be carried out at no cost to 
    the Federal Government.
    (b) Verification of Names.--NCMAF may not include the name of a 
chaplain on a memorial on Chaplains Hill under subsection (a) unless 
that name has been verified by the Chief of Chaplains of the Army, 
Navy, or Air Force or the Chaplain of the United States Marine Corps, 
depending on the branch of the Armed Forces in which the chaplain 
served.
    (c) Prohibition on Expansion of Memorials.--Except as provided in 
subsection (a)(1)(A), this section may not be construed as authorizing 
the expansion of any memorial that is located on Chaplains Hill as of 
the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``Chaplains Hill'' means the area in Arlington 
    National Cemetery that, as of the date of the enactment of this 
    Act, is generally identified and recognized as Chaplains Hill.
        (2) The term ``NCMAF'' means the National Conference on 
    Ministry to the Armed Forces or any successor organization 
    recognized in law for purposes of the operation of this section.
    SEC. 585. REPORTS ON SECURITY FORCE PERSONNEL PERFORMING PROTECTION 
      LEVEL ONE DUTIES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the status of security 
force personnel performing protection level one (PL-1) duties--
        (1) not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
    this Act; and
        (2) concurrent with the submission to Congress of the budget of 
    the President for each of fiscal years 2023 through 2027 pursuant 
    to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code.
    (b) Elements.--Each report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) The number of Air Force personnel performing, and the 
    number of unfilled billets designated for performance of, PL-1 
    duties on a full-time basis during the most recent fiscal year that 
    ended before submission of the report.
        (2) The number of such personnel disaggregated by mission 
    assignment during that fiscal year.
        (3) The number of such personnel and unfilled billets at each 
    major PL-1 installation during that fiscal year and a description 
    of the rank structure of such personnel.
        (4) A statement of the time, by rank structure, such personnel 
    were typically assigned to perform PL-1 duties at each major PL-1 
    installation during that fiscal year.
        (5) The retention rate for security personnel performing such 
    duties during that fiscal year.
        (6) The number of Air Force PL-1 security force members 
    deployed to support another Air Force mission or a joint mission 
    with another military department during that fiscal year.
        (7) A description of the type of training for security 
    personnel performing PL-1 duties during that fiscal year.
        (8) An assessment of the status of replacing the existing fleet 
    of high mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicles (HMMWV) and BearCat 
    armored vehicles, by PL-1 installation.
        (9) Such other matters as the Secretary considers appropriate 
    relating to security force personnel performing PL-1 duties during 
    the period of five fiscal years after submission of the report.
    SEC. 586. GAO STUDY ON TATTOO POLICIES OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
evaluate the tattoo policies of each Armed Force, including--
        (1) the effects of such policies on recruitment, retention, 
    reenlistment of members of the Armed Forces; and
        (2) processes for waivers to such policies to recruit, retain, 
    or reenlist members who have unauthorized tattoos.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than March 31, 2022, the Comptroller 
General shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives on preliminary findings of such evaluation.
    (c) Report.--Not later than July 1, 2022, the Comptroller General 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives a report containing the final results of such 
evaluation.
    SEC. 587. BRIEFING REGARDING BEST PRACTICES FOR COMMUNITY 
      ENGAGEMENT IN HAWAII.
    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Assistant Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretaries of the military departments shall jointly submit to 
Congress a briefing on best practices for coordinating relations with 
State and local governmental entities in the State of Hawaii.
    (b) Best Practices.--The best practices referred to in subsection 
(a) shall address each of the following issues:
        (1) Identify comparable locations with joint base military 
    installations or of other densely populated metropolitan areas with 
    multiple military installations and summarize lessons learns from 
    any similar efforts to engage with the community and public 
    officials.
        (2) Identify all the major community engagement efforts by the 
    services, commands, installations and other military organizations 
    in the State of Hawaii.
        (3) Evaluate the current community outreach efforts to identify 
    any outreach gaps or coordination challenges that undermine the 
    military engagement with the local community and elected official 
    in the State of Hawaii.
        (4) Propose options available to create an enhanced, 
    coordinated community engagement effort in the State of Hawaii 
    based on the department's evaluation.
        (5) Resources to support the coordination described in this 
    subsection, including the creation of joint liaison offices that 
    are easily accessible to public officials to facilitate 
    coordinating relations with State and local governmental agencies.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Basic needs allowance for members on active service in the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 602. Equal incentive pay for members of the reserve components of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 603. Expansions of certain travel and transportation authorities.
Sec. 604. Repeal of expiring travel and transportation authorities.
Sec. 605. Requirements in connection with suspension of retired pay and 
          retirement annuities.
Sec. 606. Report on relationship between basic allowance for housing and 
          sizes of military families.
Sec. 607. Report on certain moving expenses for members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 608. Report on temporary lodging expenses in competitive housing 
          markets.
Sec. 609. Report on rental partnership programs.

                  Subtitle B--Bonus and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
          authorities.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Extension of paid parental leave.
Sec. 622. Bereavement leave for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 623. Travel and transportation allowances for family members to 
          attend the funeral and memorial services of members.
Sec. 624. Expansion of pilot program to provide financial assistance to 
          members of the Armed Forces for in-home child care.
Sec. 625. Pilot program on direct hire authority for spouses of members 
          of the uniformed services at locations outside the United 
          States.
Sec. 626. Casualty assistance program: reform; establishment of working 
          group.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Additional sources of funds available for construction, 
          repair, improvement, and maintenance of commissary stores.

              Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits

Sec. 641. Alexander Lofgren Veterans in Parks program.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

    SEC. 601. BASIC NEEDS ALLOWANCE FOR MEMBERS ON ACTIVE SERVICE IN 
      THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 7 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 402a the following new section:
``Sec. 402b. Basic needs allowance for members on active service in the 
    Armed Forces
    ``(a) Allowance Required.--The Secretary concerned shall pay to 
each member who is eligible under subsection (b) a basic needs 
allowance in the amount determined for such member under subsection 
(c).
    ``(b) Eligible Members.--A member on active service in the armed 
forces is eligible for the allowance under subsection (a) if--
        ``(1) the member has completed initial entry training;
        ``(2) the gross household income of the member during the most 
    recent calendar year did not exceed an amount equal to 130 percent 
    of the Federal poverty guidelines of the Department of Health and 
    Human Services for the location of the member and the number of 
    individuals in the household of the member for such year; and
        ``(3) the member--
            ``(A) is not ineligible for the allowance under subsection 
        (d); and
            ``(B) does not elect under subsection (g) not to receive 
        the allowance.
    ``(c) Amount of Allowance.--The amount of the monthly allowance 
payable to a member under subsection (a) shall be the amount equal to--
        ``(1)(A) 130 percent of the Federal poverty guidelines of the 
    Department of Health and Human Services for the calendar year 
    during which the allowance is paid based on the location of the 
    member and the number of individuals in the household of the member 
    during the month for which the allowance is paid; minus
        ``(B) the gross household income of the member during the 
    preceding calendar year; divided by
        ``(2) 12.
    ``(d) Bases of Ineligibility.--
        ``(1) In general.--The following members are ineligible for the 
    allowance under subsection (a):
            ``(A) A member who does not have any dependents.
            ``(B) A cadet at the United States Military Academy, the 
        United States Air Force Academy, or the Coast Guard Academy, a 
        midshipman at the United States Naval Academy, or a cadet or 
        midshipman serving elsewhere in the armed forces.
        ``(2) Household with more than one eligible member.--In the 
    event a household contains two or more members determined under 
    subsection (f) to be eligible to receive the allowance under 
    subsection (a), only one allowance may be paid to a member among 
    such members as such members shall jointly elect.
        ``(3) Automatic ineligibility of members receiving certain pay 
    increases.--A member determined to be eligible under subsection (f) 
    for the allowance under subsection (a) whose monthly gross 
    household income increases as a result of a promotion or other 
    permanent increase to pay or allowances under this title to an 
    amount that, on an annualized basis, would exceed the amount 
    described in subsection (b)(2) is ineligible for the allowance. If 
    such member is receiving the allowance, payment of the allowance 
    shall automatically terminate within a reasonable time, as 
    determined by the Secretary of Defense in regulations prescribed 
    under subsection (j).
        ``(4) Ineligibility of certain changes in income.--A member 
    whose gross household income for the preceding year decreases 
    because of a fine, forfeiture, or reduction in rank imposed as a 
    part of disciplinary action or an action under chapter 47 of title 
    10 (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) is not eligible for the 
    allowance under subsection (a) solely as a result of the fine, 
    forfeiture, or reduction in rank.
    ``(e) Application by Members Seeking Allowance.--
        ``(1) In general.--A member who seeks to receive the allowance 
    under subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary concerned an 
    application for the allowance that includes such information as the 
    Secretary may require in order to determine whether or not the 
    member is eligible to receive the allowance.
        ``(2) Timing of submission.--A member who receives the 
    allowance under subsection (a) and seeks to continue to receive the 
    allowance shall submit to the Secretary concerned an updated 
    application under paragraph (1) at such times as the Secretary may 
    require, but not less frequently than annually.
        ``(3) Voluntary submission.--The submission of an application 
    under paragraph (1) is voluntary.
        ``(4) Screening of members for eligibility.--The Secretary of 
    Defense shall--
            ``(A) ensure that all members of the armed forces are 
        screened during initial entry training and regularly thereafter 
        for eligibility for the allowance under subsection (a); and
            ``(B) notify any member so screened who may be eligible 
        that the member may apply for the allowance by submitting an 
        application under paragraph (1).
    ``(f) Determinations of Eligibility.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary concerned shall--
            ``(A) determine which members of the armed forces are 
        eligible under subsection (b); and
            ``(B) notify each such member, in writing, of that 
        determination.
        ``(2) Information included in notice.--The notice under 
    paragraph (1) shall include information regarding financial 
    management and assistance programs for which the member may be 
    eligible.
    ``(g) Election Not to Receive Allowance.--
        ``(1) In general.--A member determined under subsection (f) to 
    be eligible for the allowance under subsection (a) may elect, in 
    writing, not to receive the allowance.
        ``(2) Deemed ineligible.--A member who does not submit an 
    application under subsection (e) within a reasonable time (as 
    determined by the Secretary concerned) shall be deemed ineligible 
    for the allowance under subsection (a).
    ``(h) Special Rule for Members Stationed Outside United States.--In 
the case of a member assigned to a duty location outside the United 
States, the Secretary concerned shall make the calculations described 
in subsections (b)(2) and (c)(1) using the Federal poverty guidelines 
of the Department of Health and Human Services for the continental 
United States.
    ``(i) Regulations.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2022, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations for the 
administration of this section.
    ``(j) Effective Period.--
        ``(1) Implementation period.--The allowance under subsection 
    (a) is payable for months beginning on or after the date that is 
    one year after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022.
        ``(2) Termination.--The allowance under subsection (a) may not 
    be paid for any month beginning after December 31, 2027.
    ``(k) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Gross household income.--The term `gross household 
    income', with respect to a member of the armed forces, includes--
            ``(A) all household income, derived from any source; minus
            ``(B) in the case of a member whom the Secretary concerned 
        determines resides in an area with a high cost of living, any 
        portion of the basic allowance for housing under section 403 of 
        this title that the Secretary concerned elects to exclude.
        ``(2) Household.--The term `household' means a member of the 
    armed forces and any dependents of the member enrolled in the 
    Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System, regardless of the 
    location of those dependents.''.
    (b) Study.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
    on food insecurity in the Armed Forces. Results of such study shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) An analysis of food deserts that affect members of the 
        Armed Forces, and their families, who live in areas with high 
        costs of living.
            (B) A comparison of--
                (i) the current method employed by the Secretary of 
            Defense to determine areas with high costs of living;
                (ii) local level indicators used by the Bureau of Labor 
            Statistics that indicate buying power and consumer spending 
            in specific geographic areas;
                (iii) indicators used by the Department of Agriculture 
            in market basket analyses and other measures of local and 
            regional food costs.
            (C) The feasibility of implementing a web portal for a 
        member of any Armed Force to apply for the allowance under 
        section 402b of title 37, United States Code, added by 
        subsection (a), including--
                (i) cost;
                (ii) ease of use;
                (iii) access;
                (iv) privacy; and
                (v) any other factor the Secretary determines 
            appropriate.
            (D) The development of a process to determine an 
        appropriate allowance to supplement the income of members who 
        suffer food insecurity.
            (E) Outcomes of forums with beneficiaries, military service 
        organizations, and advocacy groups to elicit information 
        regarding the effects of food insecurity on members and their 
        dependents. The Secretary of Defense and each Secretary of a 
        military department shall conduct at least one such forum, only 
        one of which may be conducted in the National Capital Region.
            (F) An estimate of costs to implement each recommendation 
        of the Secretary developed pursuant to this paragraph.
            (G) Any other information the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.
        (2) Briefing.--Not later than April 1, 2022, the Secretary 
    shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
    House of Representatives on initial findings of the study.
        (3) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2022, the Secretary 
    shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
    House of Representatives a report containing the final results of 
    the study.
        (4) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) The term ``food desert'' means an area, determined by 
        the Secretary of Defense, where it is difficult to obtain 
        affordable or high-quality fresh food.
            (B) The term ``National Capital Region'' has the meaning 
        given such term in section 2674 of title 10, United States 
        Code.
    (c) Reports on Effects of Allowance on Food Insecurity.--Not later 
than December 31, 2025, and June 1, 2028, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report regarding 
the effect of the allowance under section 402b of title 37, United 
States Code, added by subsection (a), on food insecurity among members 
of the Armed Forces.
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 7 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 402a the following new item:
``402b. Basic needs allowance for members on active service in the Armed 
          Forces.''.
    SEC. 602. EQUAL INCENTIVE PAY FOR MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS 
      OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 357. Incentive pay authorities for members of the reserve 
   components of the armed forces
    ``Notwithstanding section 1004 of this title, the Secretary 
concerned shall pay a member of the reserve component of an armed force 
incentive pay in the same monthly amount as that paid to a member in 
the regular component of such armed force performing comparable work 
requiring comparable skills.''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
356 the following:
``357. Incentive pay authorities for members of the reserve components 
          of the armed forces.''.

    (c) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report containing--
        (1) the plan of the Secretary to implement section 357 of such 
    title, as added by subsection (a);
        (2) an estimate of the costs of such implementation;
        (3) the number of members described in such section; and
        (4) any other matter the Secretary determines relevant.
    (d) Implementation Date.--The Secretary may not implement section 
357 of such title, as added by subsection (a) until after--
        (1) submission of the report under subsection (b); and
        (2) the Secretary determines and certifies in writing to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
    Representatives that such implementation shall not have a 
    detrimental effect on the force structure of an Armed Force 
    concerned, including with regard to recruiting or retention of 
    members in the regular component of such Armed Force.
    SEC. 603. EXPANSIONS OF CERTAIN TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION 
      AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Lodging in Kind for Reserve Component Members Performing 
Training.--
        (1) In general.--Section 12604 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Lodging in Kind.--(1) In the case of a member of a reserve 
component performing active duty for training or inactive-duty training 
who is not otherwise entitled to travel and transportation allowances 
in connection with such duty, the Secretary concerned may reimburse the 
member for housing service charge expenses incurred by the member in 
occupying transient government housing during the performance of such 
duty. If transient government housing is unavailable or inadequate, the 
Secretary concerned may provide the member with lodging in kind.
    ``(2) Any payment or other benefit under this subsection shall be 
provided in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary 
concerned.
    ``(3) The Secretary may pay service charge expenses under paragraph 
(1) and expenses of providing lodging in kind under such paragraph out 
of funds appropriated for operation and maintenance for the reserve 
component concerned. Use of a Government charge card is authorized for 
payment of these expenses.
    ``(4) Decisions regarding the availability or adequacy of 
government housing at a military installation under paragraph (1) shall 
be made by the installation commander.''.
        (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 474 of title 37, United 
    States Code, is amended by striking subsection (i).
    (b) Mandatory Pet Quarantine Fees for Household Pets.--Section 
451(b)(8) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following: ``Such costs include pet quarantine expenses.''.
    (c) Student Dependent Transportation.--
        (1) In general.--Section 452(b) of title 37, United States 
    Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(18) Travel by a dependent child to the United States to 
    obtain formal secondary, undergraduate, graduate, or vocational 
    education, if the permanent duty assignment location of the member 
    of the uniformed services is outside the continental United States 
    (other than in Alaska or Hawaii).
        ``(19) Travel by a dependent child within the United States to 
    obtain formal secondary, undergraduate, graduate, or vocational 
    education, if the permanent duty assignment location of the member 
    of the uniformed services is in Alaska or Hawaii and the school is 
    located in a State outside of the permanent duty assignment 
    location.''.
        (2) Definitions.--Section 451 of title 37, United States Code, 
    as amended by subsection (b) of this section, is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(2)(H), by adding at the end the 
        following new clauses:
                ``(vii) Transportation of a dependent child of a member 
            of the uniformed services to the United States to obtain 
            formal secondary, undergraduate, graduate, or vocational 
            education, if the permanent duty assignment location of the 
            member is outside the continental United States (other than 
            in Alaska or Hawaii).
                ``(viii) Transportation of a dependent child of a 
            member of the uniformed services within the United States 
            to obtain formal secondary, undergraduate, graduate, or 
            vocational education, if the permanent duty assignment 
            location of the member is in Alaska or Hawaii and the 
            school is located in a State outside of the permanent duty 
            assignment location.''; and
            (B) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
        ``(10)(A) The term `permanent duty assignment location' means--
            ``(i) the official station of a member of the uniformed 
        services; or
            ``(ii) the residence of a dependent of a member of the 
        uniformed services.
        ``(B) As used in subparagraph (A)(ii), the residence of a 
    dependent who is a student not living with the member while at 
    school is the permanent duty assignment location of the dependent 
    student.''.
    (d) Dependent Transportation Incident to Ship Construction, 
Inactivation, and Overhauling.--
        (1) In general.--Section 452 of title 37, United States Code, 
    as amended by subsection (c) of this section, is further amended--
            (A) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
        ``(20) Subject to subsection (i), travel by a dependent to a 
    location where a member of the uniformed services is on permanent 
    duty aboard a ship that is overhauling, inactivating, or under 
    construction.''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Dependent Transportation Incident to Ship Construction, 
Inactivation, and Overhauling.--The authority under subsection (a) for 
travel in connection with circumstances described in subsection (b)(20) 
shall be subject to the following terms and conditions:
        ``(1) The member of the uniformed services must be permanently 
    assigned to the ship for 31 or more consecutive days to be eligible 
    for allowances, and the transportation allowances accrue on the 
    31st day and every 60 days thereafter.
        ``(2) Transportation in kind, reimbursement for personally 
    procured transportation, or a monetary allowance for mileage in 
    place of the cost of transportation may be provided, in lieu of the 
    member's entitlement to transportation, for the member's dependents 
    from the location that was the home port of the ship before 
    commencement of overhaul or inactivation to the port of overhaul or 
    inactivation.
        ``(3) The total reimbursement for transportation for the 
    member's dependents may not exceed the cost of one Government-
    procured commercial round-trip travel.''.
        (2) Definitions.--Section 451(a)(2)(H) of title 37, United 
    States Code, as amended by subsection (c) of this section, is 
    further amended by adding at the end the following new clause:
                ``(ix) Transportation of a dependent to a location 
            where a member of the uniformed services is on permanent 
            duty aboard a ship that is overhauling, inactivating, or 
            under construction.''.
    (e) Technical Correction.--Section 2784a(a)(3) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``section 474'' and inserting 
``section 452''.
    SEC. 604. REPEAL OF EXPIRING TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITIES.
    (a) In General.--Effective December 31, 2021, subchapter III of 
chapter 8 of title 37, United States Code, is repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 8 of such title is amended by striking the items relating to 
subchapter III and sections 471 through 495.
    SEC. 605. REQUIREMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH SUSPENSION OF RETIRED PAY 
      AND RETIREMENT ANNUITIES.
    (a) Annual Eligibility Determination Procedures.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall prescribe in regulations a single annual eligibility 
determination procedure for determinations of eligibility for military 
retired or retainer pay and survivor annuities in connection with 
military service as a replacement of the current procedures in 
connection with the Certificate of Eligibility and Report of Existence 
for military retirees and annuitants.
    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report on a process by which notifications of the death of a military 
retiree or annuitant may be determined with respect to the termination 
of eligibility for benefits.
    SEC. 606. REPORT ON RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR 
      HOUSING AND SIZES OF MILITARY FAMILIES.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on whether 
the basic allowance for housing under section 403 of title 37, United 
States Code, is sufficient for the average family size of members of 
the Armed Forces, disaggregated by rank and military housing area.
    SEC. 607. REPORT ON CERTAIN MOVING EXPENSES FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on moving 
expenses incurred by members of the Armed Forces and their families 
that exceed such expenses covered by the Joint Travel Regulations for 
the Uniformed Services, disaggregated by Armed Force, rank, and 
military housing area. In such report, the Secretary shall examine the 
root causes of such expenses.
    SEC. 608. REPORT ON TEMPORARY LODGING EXPENSES IN COMPETITIVE 
      HOUSING MARKETS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the 
appropriateness of the maximum payment period of 10 days under 
subsection (c) of section 474a of title 37, United States Code in 
highly competitive housing markets. Such report shall include how the 
Secretary educates members of the Armed Forces and their families about 
their ability to request payment under such section.
    SEC. 609. REPORT ON RENTAL PARTNERSHIP PROGRAMS.
    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the 
rental partnership programs of the Armed Forces. Such report shall 
include--
        (1) the numbers and percentages of members of the Armed Forces 
    who do not live in housing located on military installations who 
    participate in such programs; and
        (2) the recommendation of the Secretary whether Congress should 
    establish annual funding for such programs and, if so, what in 
    amounts.

                  Subtitle B--Bonus and Incentive Pays

    SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND SPECIAL 
      PAY AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Authorities Relating to Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) of 
title 37, United States Code, relating to income replacement payments 
for reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
mobilization for active duty service, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2021'' and inserting ``December 31, 2022''.
    (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care Professionals.--
The following sections of title 10, United States Code, are amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2021'' and inserting ``December 31, 2022'':
        (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer candidate 
    accession program.
        (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education loans 
    for certain health professionals who serve in the Selected Reserve.
    (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 333(i) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2021'' and inserting ``December 31, 2022''.
    (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special Pay, 
Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2021'' 
and inserting ``December 31, 2022'':
        (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
    enlisted members.
        (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
    officers.
        (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive pay 
    and bonus authorities for officers.
        (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive pay 
    authorities for officers in health professions.
        (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for cadets 
    and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
    Corps.
        (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
        (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special duty 
    pay.
        (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
    proficiency bonus.
        (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
    members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to high 
    priority units.
    (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of Basic 
Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2021'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2022''.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

    SEC. 621. EXTENSION OF PAID PARENTAL LEAVE.
    (a) In General.--Section 701 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (i)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``a member'' and 
            all that follows through the period at the end and 
            inserting the following: ``a member of the armed forces 
            described in paragraph (2) is allowed up to a total of 12 
            weeks of parental leave during the one-year period 
            beginning after the following events:
                ``(i) The birth or adoption of a child of the member 
            and in order to care for such child.
                ``(ii) The placement of a minor child with the member 
            for adoption or long-term foster care.''; and
                (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
            following:
            ``(B)(i) The Secretary concerned, under uniform regulations 
        to be prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, may authorize 
        leave described under subparagraph (A) to be taken after the 
        one-year period described in such paragraph in the case of a 
        member described in paragraph (2) who, except for this 
        subparagraph, would lose unused parental leave at the end of 
        the one-year period described in subparagraph (A) as a result 
        of--
                ``(I) operational requirements;
                ``(II) professional military education obligations; or
                ``(III) other circumstances that the Secretary 
            determines reasonable and appropriate.
            ``(ii) The regulations prescribed under clause (i) shall 
        require that any leave authorized to be taken after the one-
        year period described in subparagraph (A) shall be taken within 
        a reasonable period of time, as determined by the Secretary of 
        Defense, after cessation of the circumstances warranting the 
        extended deadline.'';
            (B) by striking paragraphs (3), (8), and (10) and 
        redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), and (9) as 
        paragraphs (3), (4), (5), (6), and (7), respectively;
            (C) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by subparagraph (B), 
        by striking the matter preceding the em dash and inserting ``A 
        member who has given birth may receive medical convalescent 
        leave in conjunction with such birth. Medical convalescent 
        leave in excess of the leave under paragraph (1) may be 
        authorized if such additional medical convalescent leave'';
            (D) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``paragraphs (1) and (4)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) and 
        (3)'';
            (E) in paragraph (5)(A), as so redesignated, by inserting 
        ``, subject to the exceptions in paragraph (1)(B)(ii)'' after 
        ``shall be forfeited''; and
            (F) in paragraph (7)(B), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``paragraph (4)'' and inserting ``paragraph (3)'';
        (2) by striking subsection (j) and redesignating subsections 
    (k) and (l) as subsections (j) and (k), respectively; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection (l):
    ``(l) A member of the armed forces who gives birth while on active 
duty may be required to meet body composition standards or pass a 
physical fitness test during the period of 12 months beginning on the 
date of such birth only with the approval of a health care provider 
employed at a military medical treatment facility and--
        ``(1) at the election of such member; or
        ``(2) in the interest of national security, as determined by 
    the Secretary of Defense.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Regulations.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations implementing the amendments made by subsection (a).
    (d) Reporting.--Not later than January 1, 2023, and annually 
thereafter, each Secretary of a military department shall submit, to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives, a report regarding the use, during the preceding 
fiscal year, of leave under subsections (i) and (j) of section 701 of 
such title, as amended by subsection (a), disaggregated by births, 
adoptions, and foster placements, including the number of members of 
the Armed Forces who--
        (1) used the maximum amount of primary caregiver leave; and
        (2) used leave in multiple increments.
    SEC. 622. BEREAVEMENT LEAVE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--Section 701 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(m)(1)(A) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense, a member of the armed forces described in subparagraph (B) is 
allowed up to two weeks of leave to be used in connection with the 
death of an immediate family member.
    ``(B) Subparagraph (A) applies to the following members:
        ``(A) A member on active duty.
        ``(B) A member of a reserve component performing active Guard 
    and Reserve duty.
        ``(C) A member of a reserve component subject to an active duty 
    recall or mobilization order in excess of 12 months.
    ``(2) Under the regulations prescribed for purposes of this 
subsection, a member taking leave under paragraph (1) shall not have 
his or her leave account reduced as a result of taking such leave if 
such member's accrued leave is fewer than 30 days. Members with 30 or 
more days of accrued leave shall be charged for bereavement leave until 
such point that the member's accrued leave is less than 30 days. Any 
remaining bereavement leave taken by such member in accordance with 
paragraph (1) after such point shall not be chargeable to the member.
    ``(3) In this section, the term `immediate family member', with 
respect to a member of the armed forces, means--
        ``(A) the member's spouse; or
        ``(B) a child of the member.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 623. TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION ALLOWANCES FOR FAMILY MEMBERS 
      TO ATTEND THE FUNERAL AND MEMORIAL SERVICES OF MEMBERS.
    Section 452(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(18) Presence of family members at the funeral and memorial 
    services of members.''.
    SEC. 624. EXPANSION OF PILOT PROGRAM TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL 
      ASSISTANCE TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR IN-HOME CHILD CARE.
    Section 589(b) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is 
amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary may carry out the pilot program at other 
locations the Secretary determines appropriate.''.
    SEC. 625. PILOT PROGRAM ON DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR SPOUSES OF 
      MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES AT LOCATIONS OUTSIDE THE UNITED 
      STATES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program to assess the feasibility and advisability of using the 
authority under subsection (b) to hire spouses of members of the 
uniformed services at locations outside the United States.
    (b) Authority.--In carrying out the pilot program under this 
section, the Secretary may appoint, without regard to the provisions of 
subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code (other than 
sections 3303 and 3328 of such chapter), a spouse of a member of the 
uniformed services stationed at a duty location outside the United 
States to a position described in subsection (c) if--
        (1) the spouse has been authorized to accompany the member to 
    the duty location at Government expense; and
        (2) the duty location is within reasonable commuting distance, 
    as determined by the Secretary concerned, of the location of the 
    position.
    (c) Position Described.--A position described in this subsection is 
a competitive service position within the Department of Defense that is 
located outside the United States.
    (d) Term of Appointment.--
        (1) In general.--An appointment made under this section shall 
    be for a term not exceeding two years.
        (2) Renewal.--The Secretary of Defense may renew an appointment 
    made under this section for not more than two additional terms, 
    each not exceeding two years.
        (3) Termination.--An appointment made under this section shall 
    terminate on the date on which the member of the uniformed services 
    relocates back to the United States in connection with a permanent 
    change of station.
    (e) Payment of Travel and Transportation Allowances.--Nothing in 
this section may be construed to authorize additional travel or 
transportation allowances in connection with an appointment made under 
this section.
    (f) Relationship to Other Law.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to interfere with--
        (1) the authority of the President under section 3304 of title 
    5, United States Code;
        (2) the authority of the President under section 1784 of title 
    10, United States Code;
        (3) the ability of the head of an agency to make noncompetitive 
    appointments pursuant to section 3330d of title 5, United States 
    Code; or
        (4) any obligation under any applicable treaty, status of 
    forces agreement, or other international agreement between the 
    United States Government and the government of the country in which 
    the position is located.
    (g) Reports Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
    report setting forth the following:
            (A) The number of individuals appointed under this section.
            (B) The position series and grade to which each individual 
        described in subparagraph (A) was appointed.
            (C) Demographic data on the individuals described in 
        subparagraph (A), including with respect to race, gender, age, 
        and education level attained.
            (D) Data on the members of the uniformed services whose 
        spouses have been appointed under this section, including the 
        rank of each such member.
            (E) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action as the Secretary considers appropriate relating to 
        continuing or expanding the pilot program.
        (2) Final report.--Not later than December 31, 2026, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
    final report setting forth the information under paragraph (1).
    (h) Termination.--The pilot program under this section shall 
terminate on December 31, 2026.
    (i) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term ``appropriate 
    committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Oversight and Reform of the House of Representatives.
        (2) Secretary concerned.--The term ``Secretary concerned''--
            (A) has the meaning given the term in section 101(a)(9) of 
        title 10, United States Code; and
            (B) includes--
                (i) the Secretary of Commerce, with respect to matters 
            concerning the commissioned officer corps of the National 
            Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and
                (ii) the Secretary of Health and Human Services, with 
            respect to matters concerning the commissioned corps of the 
            Public Health Service.
        (3) Uniformed services.--The term ``uniformed services'' has 
    the meaning given the term in section 101(a)(5) of title 10, United 
    States Code.
        (4) United states.--The term ``United States'' has the meaning 
    given that term in section 101(a)(1) of title 10, United States 
    Code.
    SEC. 626. CASUALTY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM: REFORM; ESTABLISHMENT OF 
      WORKING GROUP.
    (a) Casualty Assistance Reform Working Group.--
        (1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
    a working group to be known as the ``Casualty Assistance Reform 
    Working Group'' (in this section referred to as the ``Working 
    Group'').
        (2) Duties.--The Working Group shall perform the following 
    duties:
            (A) Create standards and training for CAOs across the 
        military departments.
            (B) Explore the possibility of establishing a unique badge 
        designation for--
                (i) CAOs who have performed CAO duty more than five 
            times; or
                (ii) professional CAOs.
            (C) Examine the current workflow of casualty affairs 
        support across the military departments, including 
        administrative processes and survivor engagements.
            (D) Perform a gap analysis and solution document that 
        clearly identifies and prioritizes critical changes to 
        modernize and professionalize the casualty experience for 
        survivors.
            (E) Review the organization of the Office of Casualty, 
        Mortuary Affairs and Military Funeral Honors to ensure it is 
        positioned to coordinate policy and assist in all matters under 
        its jurisdiction, across the Armed Forces, including any 
        potential intersections with the Defense Prisoner of War and 
        Missing in Action Accounting Agency.
            (F) Explore the establishment of--
                (i) an annual meeting, led by the Secretary of Defense, 
            with gold star families; and
                (ii) a surviving and gold star family leadership 
            council.
            (G) Recommend improvements to the family notification 
        process of Arlington National Cemetery.
            (H) Explore the redesign of the Days Ahead Binder, 
        including creating an electronic version.
            (I) Consider the expansion of the DD Form 93 to include 
        more details regarding the last wishes of the deceased member.
            (J) Assess coordination between the Department of Defense 
        and the Office of Survivors Assistance of the Department of 
        Veterans Affairs.
        (3) Membership.--The membership of the Working Group shall be 
    composed of the following:
            (A) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
        Readiness, who shall serve as Chair of the Working Group.
            (B) At least one person furnished with a gold star lapel 
        button under section 1126 of title 10, United States Code, by 
        each Secretary of a military department.
            (C) Other members of the Armed Forces or civilian employees 
        of the Department of Defense, appointed by the Secretary of 
        Defense, based on knowledge of, and experience with, matters 
        described in paragraph (2).
        (4) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2022, the Working 
    Group shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report containing 
    the determinations and recommendations of the Working Group.
        (5) Termination.--The Working Group shall terminate upon 
    submission of the report under paragraph (4).
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than November 1, 2022, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth 
the results of a review and assessment of the casualty assistance 
officer program, including the report of the Working Group.
    (c) Establishment of Certain Definitions.--Not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
in coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
publish an interim rule that establishes standard definitions, for use 
across the military departments, of the terms ``gold star family'' and 
``gold star survivor''.
    (d) CAO Defined.--In this section, the term ``CAO'' means a 
casualty assistance officer of the Armed Forces.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

    SEC. 631. ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR CONSTRUCTION, 
      REPAIR, IMPROVEMENT, AND MAINTENANCE OF COMMISSARY STORES.
    Section 2484(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (5), by adding at the end the following new 
    subparagraphs:
        ``(F) Amounts made available for any purpose set forth in 
    paragraph (1) pursuant to an agreement with a host nation.
        ``(G) Amounts appropriated for repair or reconstruction of a 
    commissary store in response to a disaster or emergency.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(6) Revenues made available under paragraph (5) for the purposes 
set forth in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) may be supplemented with 
additional funds derived from--
        ``(A) improved management practices implemented pursuant to 
    sections 2481(c)(3), 2485(b), and 2487(c) of this title; and
        ``(B) the variable pricing program implemented pursuant to 
    subsection (i).''.

             Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits

    SEC. 641. ALEXANDER LOFGREN VETERANS IN PARKS PROGRAM.
    Section 805 of the Federal Lands Recreation Enhancement Act (Public 
Law 108-447; 118 Stat. 3385; 16 U.S.C. 6804) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(4), by striking ``age and disability 
    discounted'' and inserting ``age discount and lifetime''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in the heading, by striking ``Discounted'' and 
        inserting ``Free and Discounted'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the heading, by striking ``Disability discount'' 
            and inserting ``Lifetime passes''; and
                (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
            following:
            ``(B) Any veteran who provides adequate proof of military 
        service as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(C) Any member of a Gold Star Family who meets the 
        eligibility requirements of section 3.2 of Department of 
        Defense Instruction 1348.36 (or a successor instruction).''; 
        and
            (C) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) in the heading, by striking ``Gold star families 
            parks pass'' and inserting ``Annual passes''; and
                (ii) by striking ``members of'' and all that follows 
            through the end of the sentence and inserting ``members of 
            the Armed Forces and their dependents who provide adequate 
            proof of eligibility for such pass as determined by the 
            Secretary.''.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Eating disorders treatment for certain members of the Armed 
          Forces and dependents.
Sec. 702. Addition of preconception and prenatal carrier screening 
          coverage as benefits under TRICARE program.
Sec. 703. Revisions to TRICARE provider networks.
Sec. 704. Self-initiated referral process for mental health evaluations 
          of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 705. Modifications to pilot program on health care assistance 
          system.
Sec. 706. Modification of pilot program on receipt of non-generic 
          prescription maintenance medications under TRICARE pharmacy 
          benefits program.
Sec. 707. Improvement of postpartum care for members of the Armed Forces 
          and dependents.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of certain Defense Health Agency organization 
          requirements.
Sec. 712. Requirement for consultations relating to military medical 
          research and Defense Health Agency Research and Development.
Sec. 713. Authorization of program to prevent fraud and abuse in the 
          military health system.
Sec. 714. Authority of Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Veterans 
          Affairs to enter into agreements for planning, design, and 
          construction of facilities to be operated as shared medical 
          facilities.
Sec. 715. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund.
Sec. 716. Establishment of Department of Defense system to track and 
          record information on vaccine administration.
Sec. 717. Exemption from required physical examination and mental health 
          assessment for certain members of the reserve components.
Sec. 718. Authorization of provision of instruction at Uniformed 
          Services University of the Health Sciences to certain Federal 
          employees.
Sec. 719. Removal of requirement for one year of participation in 
          certain medical and lifestyle incentive programs of the 
          Department of Defense to receive benefits under such programs.
Sec. 720. Department of Defense standards for exemptions from mandatory 
          COVID-19 vaccines.
Sec. 721. Establishment of centers of excellence for enhanced treatment 
          of ocular injuries.
Sec. 722. Implementation of integrated product for management of 
          population health across military health system.
Sec. 723. Digital health strategy of Department of Defense.
Sec. 724. Development and update of certain policies relating to 
          military health system and integrated medical operations.
Sec. 725. Mandatory training on health effects of burn pits.
Sec. 726. Standardization of definitions used by the Department of 
          Defense for terms related to suicide.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Modifications and reports related to military medical manning 
          and medical billets.
Sec. 732. Access by United States Government employees and their family 
          members to certain facilities of Department of Defense for 
          assessment and treatment of anomalous health conditions.
Sec. 733. Pilot program on cardiac screening at certain military service 
          academies.
Sec. 734. Pilot program on assistance for mental health appointment 
          scheduling at military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 735. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain research 
          connected to China.
Sec. 736. Limitation on certain discharges solely on the basis of 
          failure to obey lawful order to receive COVID-19 vaccine.
Sec. 737. Independent analysis of Department of Defense Comprehensive 
          Autism Care Demonstration program.
Sec. 738. Independent review of suicide prevention and response at 
          military installations.
Sec. 739. Feasibility and advisability study on establishment of 
          aeromedical squadron at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam.
Sec. 740. Study on incidence of breast cancer among members of the Armed 
          Forces serving on active duty.
Sec. 741. GAO biennial study on Individual Longitudinal Exposure Record 
          program.
Sec. 742. Comptroller General study on implementation by Department of 
          Defense of recent statutory requirements to reform the 
          military health system.
Sec. 743. Study to determine need for a joint fund for Federal 
          Electronic Health Record Modernization Office.
Sec. 744. Briefing on domestic production of critical active 
          pharmaceutical ingredients for national security purposes.
Sec. 745. Briefing on substance abuse in the Armed Forces.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

    SEC. 701. EATING DISORDERS TREATMENT FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES AND DEPENDENTS.
    (a) Eating Disorders Treatment for Certain Dependents.--Section 
1079 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(18) Treatment for eating disorders may be provided in 
    accordance with subsection (r).''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(r)(1) The provision of health care services for an eating 
disorder under subsection (a)(18) may include the following services:
        ``(A) Outpatient services for in-person or telehealth care, 
    including partial hospitalization services and intensive outpatient 
    services.
        ``(B) Inpatient services, which shall include residential 
    services only if medically indicated for treatment of a primary 
    diagnosis of an eating disorder.
    ``(2) A dependent provided health care services for an eating 
disorder under subsection (a)(18) shall be provided such services 
without regard to--
        ``(A) the age of the dependent, except with respect to 
    residential services under paragraph (1)(B), which may be provided 
    only to a dependent who is not eligible for hospital insurance 
    benefits under part A of title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 
    U.S.C. 1395c et seq.); and
        ``(B) except as otherwise specified in paragraph (1)(B), 
    whether the eating disorder is the primary or secondary diagnosis 
    of the dependent.
    ``(3) In this section, the term `eating disorder' has the meaning 
given the term `feeding and eating disorders' in the Diagnostic and 
Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (or successor 
edition), published by the American Psychiatric Association.''.
    (b) Limitation With Respect to Retirees.--
        (1) In general.--Section 1086(a) of title 10, United States 
    Code, is amended by inserting ``and (except as provided in 
    subsection (i)) treatments for eating disorders'' after ``eye 
    examinations''.
        (2) Exception.--Such section is further amended by adding at 
    the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) If, prior to October 1, 2022, a category of persons covered 
by this section was eligible to receive a specific type of treatment 
for eating disorders under a plan contracted for under subsection (a), 
the general prohibition on the provision of treatments for eating 
disorders specified in such subsection shall not apply with respect to 
the provision of the specific type of treatment to such category of 
persons.''.
    (c) Identification and Treatment of Eating Disorders for Members of 
the Armed Forces.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by--
            (A) redesignating section 1090a as section 1090b; and
            (B) inserting after section 1090 the following new section:
``Sec. 1090a. Identifying and treating eating disorders.
    ``(a) Identification, Treatment, and Rehabilitation.--The Secretary 
of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the 
Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, shall 
prescribe regulations, implement procedures using each practical and 
available method, and provide necessary facilities to identify, treat, 
and rehabilitate members of the armed forces who have an eating 
disorder.
    ``(b) Facilities Available.--(1) In this section, the term 
`necessary facilities' includes facilities that provide the services 
specified in section 1079(r)(1) of this title.
    ``(2) Consistent with section 1079(r)(1)(B) of this title, 
residential services shall be provided to a member pursuant to this 
section only if the member has a primary diagnosis of an eating 
disorder and treatment at such facility is medically indicated for 
treatment of that eating disorder.
    ``(c) Eating Disorder Defined.--In this section, the term `eating 
disorder' has the meaning given that term in section 1079(r) of this 
title.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking the item relating to section 1090a and inserting the 
    following new items:
``1090a. Identifying and treating eating disorders.
``1090b. Commanding officer and supervisor referrals of members for 
          mental health evaluations.''.

    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2022.
    SEC. 702. ADDITION OF PRECONCEPTION AND PRENATAL CARRIER SCREENING 
      COVERAGE AS BENEFITS UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM.
    Section 1079(a) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
section 701, is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(19) Preconception and prenatal carrier screening tests shall 
    be provided to eligible covered beneficiaries, with a limit per 
    beneficiary of one test per condition per lifetime, for the 
    following conditions:
            ``(A) Cystic Fibrosis.
            ``(B) Spinal Muscular Atrophy.
            ``(C) Fragile X Syndrome.
            ``(D) Tay-Sachs Disease.
            ``(E) Hemoglobinopathies.
            ``(F) Conditions linked with Ashkenazi Jewish descent.''.
    SEC. 703. REVISIONS TO TRICARE PROVIDER NETWORKS.
    (a) TRICARE Select.--Section 1075 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (i); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
    subsection (h):
    ``(h) Authority for Multiple Networks in the Same Geographic 
Area.--(1) The Secretary may establish a system of multiple networks of 
providers under TRICARE Select in the same geographic area or areas.
    ``(2) Under a system established under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
may--
        ``(A) require a covered beneficiary enrolling in TRICARE Select 
    to enroll in a specific provider network established pursuant to 
    such system, in which case any provider not in that specific 
    provider network shall be deemed an out-of-network provider with 
    respect to the covered beneficiary (regardless of whether the 
    provider is in a different TRICARE Select provider network) for 
    purposes of this section or any other provision of law limiting the 
    coverage or provision of health care services to those provided by 
    network providers under the TRICARE program; and
        ``(B) include beneficiaries covered by subsection (c)(2).''.
    (b) TRICARE Prime.--Section 1097a of such title is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
    subsection (e):
    ``(e) Authority for Multiple Networks in the Same Geographic 
Area.--(1) The Secretary may establish a system of multiple networks of 
providers under TRICARE Prime in the same geographic area or areas.
    ``(2) Under a system established under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
may require a covered beneficiary enrolling in TRICARE Prime to enroll 
in a specific provider network established pursuant to such system, in 
which case any provider not in that specific provider network shall be 
deemed an out-of-network provider with respect to the covered 
beneficiary (regardless of whether the provider is in a different 
TRICARE Prime provider network) for purposes of this section or any 
other provision of law limiting the coverage or provision of health 
care services to those provided by network providers under the TRICARE 
program.''.
    SEC. 704. SELF-INITIATED REFERRAL PROCESS FOR MENTAL HEALTH 
      EVALUATIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    Section 1090a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c), by inserting ``or is required to make 
    such a referral pursuant to the process described in subsection 
    (e)(1)(A)'' after ``mental health evaluation'';
        (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (g); and
        (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
    subsections:
    ``(e) Self-initiated Referral Process.--(1) The regulations 
required by subsection (a) shall, with respect to a member of the armed 
forces--
        ``(A) provide for a self-initiated process that enables the 
    member to trigger a referral for a mental health evaluation by 
    requesting such a referral from a commanding officer or supervisor 
    who is in a grade above E-5;
        ``(B) ensure the function of the process described in 
    subparagraph (A) by--
            ``(i) requiring the commanding officer or supervisor of the 
        member to refer the member to a mental health provider for a 
        mental health evaluation as soon as practicable following the 
        request of the member (including by providing to the mental 
        health provider the name and contact information of the member 
        and providing to the member the date, time, and place of the 
        scheduled mental health evaluation); and
            ``(ii) ensure the member may request a referral pursuant to 
        subparagraph (A) on any basis (including on the basis of a 
        concern relating to fitness for duty, occupational 
        requirements, safety issues, significant changes in 
        performance, or behavioral changes that may be attributable to 
        possible changes in mental status); and
        ``(C) ensure that the process described in subparagraph (A)--
            ``(i) reduces stigma in accordance with subsection (b), 
        including by treating referrals for mental health evaluations 
        made pursuant to such process in a manner similar to referrals 
        for other medical services, to the maximum extent practicable; 
        and
            ``(ii) protects the confidentiality of the member to the 
        maximum extent practicable, in accordance with requirements for 
        the confidentiality of health information under the Health 
        Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (Public 
        Law 104-191) and applicable privacy laws.
    ``(2) In making a referral for an evaluation of a member of the 
armed forces triggered by a request made pursuant to the process 
described in paragraph (1)(A), if the member has made such a request on 
the basis of a concern that the member is a potential or imminent 
danger to self or others, the commanding officer or supervisor of the 
member shall observe the following principles:
        ``(A) With respect to safety, if the commander or supervisor 
    determines the member is exhibiting dangerous behavior, the first 
    priority of the commander or supervisor shall be to ensure that 
    precautions are taken to protect the safety of the member, and 
    others, prior to the arrival of the member at the location of the 
    evaluation.
        ``(B) With respect to communication, prior to such arrival, the 
    commander or supervisor shall communicate to the provider to which 
    the member is being referred (in a manner and to an extent 
    consistent with paragraph (1)(C)(ii)), information on the 
    circumstances and observations that led to--
            ``(i) the member requesting the referral; and
            ``(ii) the commander or supervisor making such referral 
        based on the request.
    ``(f) Annual Training Requirement.--On an annual basis, each 
Secretary concerned shall provide to the members of the Armed Forces 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary a training on how to recognize 
personnel who may require mental health evaluations on the basis of the 
individual being an imminent danger to self or others, as demonstrated 
by the behavior or apparent mental state of the individual.''.
    SEC. 705. MODIFICATIONS TO PILOT PROGRAM ON HEALTH CARE ASSISTANCE 
      SYSTEM.
    Section 731(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (10 U.S.C. 1075 note) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
    ``January 1, 2021'' and inserting ``November 1, 2022'';
        (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (3) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting ``; 
    and''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) input from covered beneficiaries who have participated in 
    the pilot program regarding their satisfaction with, and any 
    benefits attained from, such participation.''.
    SEC. 706. MODIFICATION OF PILOT PROGRAM ON RECEIPT OF NON-GENERIC 
      PRESCRIPTION MAINTENANCE MEDICATIONS UNDER TRICARE PHARMACY 
      BENEFITS PROGRAM.
    Section 706 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``may carry out'' and 
    inserting ``shall carry out'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``March 1, 2021'' and 
    inserting ``March 1, 2022'';
        (3) by redesignating subsections (e), (f), and (g) as 
    subsections (f), (g), and (h), respectively;
        (4) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
    subsection (e):
    ``(e) Reimbursement.--If the Secretary carries out the pilot 
program under subsection (a)(1), reimbursement of retail pharmacies for 
medication under the pilot program may not exceed the amount of 
reimbursement paid to the national mail-order pharmacy program under 
section 1074g of title 10, United States Code, for the same medication, 
after consideration of all manufacturer discounts, refunds, rebates, 
pharmacy transaction fees, and other costs.''; and
        (5) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph (3)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph (1):
        ``(1) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2022, the Secretary shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a briefing 
    on the implementation of the pilot program under subsection (a)(1) 
    or on the determination of the Secretary under subsection (a)(2) 
    that the Secretary is not permitted to carry out the pilot 
    program.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``March 1, 2024'' and 
        inserting ``March 1, 2025''.
    SEC. 707. IMPROVEMENT OF POSTPARTUM CARE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES AND DEPENDENTS.
    (a) Clinical Practice Guidelines for Postpartum Care in Military 
Medical Treatment Facilities.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
clinical practice guidelines for the provision of postpartum care in 
military medical treatment facilities. Such guidelines shall take into 
account the recommendations of established professional medical 
associations and address the following matters:
        (1) Postpartum mental health assessments, including the 
    appropriate intervals for furnishing such assessments and screening 
    questions for such assessments (including questions relating to 
    postpartum anxiety and postpartum depression).
        (2) Pelvic health evaluation and treatment, including the 
    appropriate timing for furnishing a medical evaluation for pelvic 
    health, considerations for providing consultations for physical 
    therapy for pelvic health (including pelvic floor health), and the 
    appropriate use of telehealth services.
        (3) Pelvic health rehabilitation services.
        (4) Obstetric hemorrhage treatment, including through the use 
    of pathogen reduced resuscitative products.
    (b) Policy on Scheduling of Appointments for Postpartum Health Care 
Services.--
        (1) Policy required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a policy 
    for the scheduling of appointments for postpartum health care 
    services in military medical treatment facilities. In developing 
    the policy, the Secretary shall consider the extent to which it is 
    appropriate to facilitate concurrent scheduling of appointments for 
    postpartum care with appointments for well-baby care.
        (2) Pilot program authorized.--The Secretary may carry out a 
    pilot program in one or more military medical treatment facilities 
    to evaluate the effect of concurrent scheduling, to the degree 
    clinically appropriate, of the appointments specified in paragraph 
    (1).
    (c) Policy on Postpartum Physical Fitness Tests and Body 
Composition Assessments.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a policy, which 
shall be standardized across each Armed Force to the extent 
practicable, for the time periods after giving birth that a member of 
the Armed Forces (including the reserve components) may be excused 
from, or provided an alternative to, a physical fitness test or a body 
composition assessment.
    (d) Briefing.--Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a briefing on 
the implementation of the requirements under this section.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

    SEC. 711. MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN DEFENSE HEALTH AGENCY 
      ORGANIZATION REQUIREMENTS.
    Section 1073c(c)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``paragraphs (1) through (4)'' and inserting ``paragraph (3) 
or (4)''.
    SEC. 712. REQUIREMENT FOR CONSULTATIONS RELATING TO MILITARY 
      MEDICAL RESEARCH AND DEFENSE HEALTH AGENCY RESEARCH AND 
      DEVELOPMENT.
    (a) Consultations Required.--Section 1073c of title 10, United 
States Code, as amended by section 711, is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections (g) 
    and (h), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(f) Consultations on Medical Research of Military Departments.--
In establishing the Defense Health Agency Research and Development 
pursuant to subsection (e)(1), and on a basis that is not less frequent 
than semiannually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
recurring consultations with each military department regarding the 
plans and requirements for military medical research organizations and 
activities of the military department.''.
    (b) Requirements for Consultations.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that consultations are carried out under section 1073c(f) of 
title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), to include 
the plans of each military department to ensure a comprehensive 
transition of any military medical research organizations of the 
military department with respect to the establishment of the Defense 
Health Agency Research and Development.
    (c) Deadline for Initial Consultations.--Initial consultations 
shall be carried out under section 1073c(f) of title 10, United States 
Code (as added by subsection (a)), with each military department by not 
later than March 1, 2022.
    SEC. 713. AUTHORIZATION OF PROGRAM TO PREVENT FRAUD AND ABUSE IN 
      THE MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1073e the following new section:
``Sec. 1073f. Health care fraud and abuse prevention program
    ``(a) Program Authorized.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may carry 
out a program under this section to prevent and remedy fraud and abuse 
in the health care programs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(2) At the discretion of the Secretary, such program may be 
administered jointly by the Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense and the Director of the Defense Health Agency.
    ``(3) In carrying out such program, the authorities granted to the 
Secretary of Defense and the Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense under section 1128A(m) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
1320a-7a(m)) shall be available to the Secretary and the Inspector 
General.
    ``(b) Civil Monetary Penalties.--(1) Except as provided in 
paragraph (2), the provisions of section 1128A of the Social Security 
Act (42 U.S.C. 1320a-7a) shall apply with respect to any civil monetary 
penalty imposed in carrying out the program authorized under subsection 
(a).
    ``(2) Consistent with section 1079a of this title, amounts 
recovered in connection with any such civil monetary penalty imposed--
        ``(A) shall be credited to appropriations available as of the 
    time of the collection for expenses of the health care program of 
    the Department of Defense affected by the fraud and abuse for which 
    such penalty was imposed; and
        ``(B) may be used to support the administration of the program 
    authorized under subsection (a), including to support any 
    interagency agreements entered into under subsection (d).
    ``(c) Interagency Agreements.--The Secretary of Defense may enter 
into agreements with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the 
Attorney General, or the heads of other Federal agencies, for the 
effective and efficient implementation of the program authorized under 
subsection (a).
    ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Joint administration of the program 
authorized under subsection (a) may not be construed as limiting the 
authority of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense under 
any other provision of law.
    ``(e) Fraud and Abuse Defined.--In this section, the term `fraud 
and abuse' means any conduct specified in subsection (a) or (b) of 
section 1128A of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320a-7a).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1073e the following new item:
``1073f. Health care fraud and abuse prevention program.''.
    SEC. 714. AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF DEFENSE AND SECRETARY OF 
      VETERANS AFFAIRS TO ENTER INTO AGREEMENTS FOR PLANNING, DESIGN, 
      AND CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES TO BE OPERATED AS SHARED MEDICAL 
      FACILITIES.
    (a) Authority of Secretary of Defense.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by inserting after section 1104 the following new section:
``Sec. 1104a. Shared medical facilities with Department of Veterans 
     Affairs
    ``(a) Agreements.--Secretary of Defense may enter into agreements 
with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs for the planning, design, and 
construction of facilities to be operated as shared medical facilities.
    ``(b) Transfer of Funds by Secretary of Defense.--(1) The Secretary 
of Defense may transfer to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs amounts as 
follows:
        ``(A) For the construction of a shared medical facility, 
    amounts not in excess of the amount authorized under subsection 
    (a)(2) of section 2805 of this title, if--
            ``(i) the amount of the share of the Department of Defense 
        for the estimated cost of the project does not exceed the 
        amount authorized under such subsection; and
            ``(ii) the other requirements of such section have been met 
        with respect to funds identified for transfer.
        ``(B) For the planning, design, and construction of space for a 
    shared medical facility, amounts appropriated for the Defense 
    Health Program.
    ``(2) The authority to transfer funds under this section is in 
addition to any other authority to transfer funds available to the 
Secretary of Defense.
    ``(3) Section 2215 of this title does not apply to a transfer of 
funds under this subsection.
    ``(c) Transfer of Funds to Secretary of Defense.--(1) Any amount 
transferred to the Secretary of Defense by the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs for necessary expenses for the planning, design, and 
construction of a shared medical facility, if the amount of the share 
of the Department of Defense for the cost of such project does not 
exceed the amount specified in section 2805(a)(2) of this title, may be 
credited to accounts of the Department of Defense available for the 
construction of a shared medical facility.
    ``(2) Any amount transferred to the Secretary of Defense by the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs for the purpose of the planning and 
design of space for a shared medical facility may be credited to 
accounts of the Department of Defense available for such purposes, and 
may be used for such purposes.
    ``(3) Using accounts credited with transfers from the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense may 
carry out unspecified minor military construction projects, if the 
share of the Department of Defense for the cost of such project does 
not exceed the amount specified in section 2805(a)(2) of this title.
    ``(d) Merger of Amounts Transferred.--Any amount transferred to the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs under subsection (b) and any amount 
transferred to the Secretary of Defense under subsection (c) shall be 
merged with and available for the same purposes and the same period as 
the appropriation or fund to which transferred.
    ``(e) Appropriation in Advance.--Amounts may be transferred 
pursuant to the authority under this section only to the extent and in 
the amounts provided in advance in appropriations Acts.
    ``(f) Shared Medical Facility Defined.--In this section, the term 
`shared medical facility'--
        ``(1) means a building or buildings, or a campus, intended to 
    be used by both the Department of Veterans Affairs and the 
    Department of Defense for the provision of health care services, 
    whether under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
    or the Secretary of Defense, and whether or not located on a 
    military installation or on real property under the jurisdiction of 
    the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; and
        ``(2) includes any necessary building and auxiliary structure, 
    garage, parking facility, mechanical equipment, abutting and 
    covered sidewalks, and accommodations for attending personnel.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 55 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 1104 the following new item:
``1104a. Shared medical facilities with Department of Veterans 
          Affairs.''.

    (b) Authority of Secretary of Veterans Affairs.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 81 of title 38, United States Code, is 
    amended by inserting after section 8111A the following new section:
``Sec. 8111B. Shared medical facilities with Department of Defense
    ``(a) Agreements.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs may enter into 
agreements with the Secretary of Defense for the planning, design, and 
construction of facilities to be operated as shared medical facilities.
    ``(b) Transfer of Funds by Secretary of Veterans Affairs.--(1) The 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs may transfer to the Department of Defense 
amounts appropriated to the Department of Veterans Affairs for 
`Construction, minor projects' for use for the planning, design, or 
construction of a shared medical facility if the estimated share of the 
project costs of the Department of Veterans Affairs does not exceed the 
amount specified in section 8104(a)(3)(A) of this title.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Veterans Affairs may transfer to the 
Department of Defense amounts appropriated to the Department of 
Veterans Affairs for `Construction, major projects' for use for the 
planning, design, or construction of a shared medical facility if--
        ``(A) the estimated share of the project costs of the 
    Department of Veterans Affairs exceeds the amount specified in 
    section 8104(a)(3)(A) of this title; and
        ``(B) the other requirements of section 8104 of this title have 
    been met with respect to amounts identified for transfer.
    ``(c) Transfer of Funds to Secretary of Veterans Affairs.--(1) Any 
amount transferred to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs by the 
Secretary of Defense for necessary expenses for the planning, design, 
or construction of a shared medical facility, if the estimated share of 
the project costs of the Department of Veterans Affairs does not exceed 
the amount specified in section 8104(a)(3)(A) of this title, may be 
credited to the `Construction, minor projects' account of the 
Department of Veterans Affairs and used for the necessary expenses of 
constructing such shared medical facility.
    ``(2) Any amount transferred to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
by the Secretary of Defense for necessary expenses for the planning, 
design, or construction of a shared medical facility, if the estimated 
share of the project costs of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
exceeds the amount specified in section 8104(a)(3)(A) of this title, 
may be credited to the `Construction, major projects' account of the 
Department of Veterans Affairs and used for the necessary expenses of 
constructing such shared medical facility if the other requirements of 
section 8104 of this title have been met with respect to amounts 
identified for transfer.
    ``(d) Merger of Amounts Transferred.--Any amount transferred to the 
Secretary of Defense under subsection (b) and any amount transferred to 
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs under subsection (c) shall be merged 
with and available for the same purposes and the same period as the 
appropriation or fund to which transferred.
    ``(e) Appropriation in Advance.--Amounts may be transferred 
pursuant to the authority under this section only to the extent and in 
the amounts provided in advance in appropriations Acts.
    ``(f) Shared Medical Facility Defined.--In this section, the term 
`shared medical facility'--
        ``(1) means a building or buildings, or a campus, intended to 
    be used by both the Department of Veterans Affairs and the 
    Department of Defense for the provision of health care services, 
    whether under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
    or the Secretary of Defense, and whether or not located on a 
    military installation or on real property under the jurisdiction of 
    the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; and
        ``(2) includes any necessary building and auxiliary structure, 
    garage, parking facility, mechanical equipment, abutting and 
    covered sidewalks, and accommodations for attending personnel.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of subchapter I of chapter 81 of such title is amended by inserting 
    after the item relating to section 8111A the following new item:
``8111B. Shared medical facilities with Department of Defense.''.
    SEC. 715. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-
      DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY DEMONSTRATION 
      FUND.
    Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2567), as most recently 
amended by section 743 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283), is 
amended by striking ``September 30, 2022'' and inserting ``September 
30, 2023''.
    SEC. 716. ESTABLISHMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SYSTEM TO TRACK 
      AND RECORD INFORMATION ON VACCINE ADMINISTRATION.
    (a) Establishment of System.--Section 1110 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (a) and (b) as subsections (b) 
    and (c), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after the heading the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(a) Overall System to Track and Record Vaccine Information.--(1) 
The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Director of the 
Defense Health Agency and in coordination with the Secretaries of the 
military departments, shall establish a system to track and record the 
following information:
        ``(A) Each vaccine administered by a health care provider of 
    the Department of Defense to a member of an armed force under the 
    jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department.
        ``(B) Any adverse reaction of the member related to such 
    vaccine.
        ``(C) Each refusal by such a member of any vaccine that is 
    being so administered, including vaccines licensed by the Food and 
    Drug Administration under section 351 of the Public Health Service 
    Act (42 U.S.C. 262) and vaccines otherwise approved or authorized.
        ``(D) Each refusal by such a member of a vaccine on the basis 
    that the vaccine is being administered by a health care provider of 
    the Department pursuant to an emergency use authorization granted 
    by the Commissioner of Food and Drugs under section 564 of the 
    Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3).
        ``(E) Each refusal by such a member of an investigational new 
    drug or a drug unapproved for its applied use that is being 
    administered pursuant to a request or requirement of the Secretary 
    of Defense and with respect to which the President has granted a 
    waiver of the prior consent requirement pursuant to section 
    1107(f)(1) of this title.
    ``(2) In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that--
        ``(A) any electronic health record maintained by the Secretary 
    for a member of an armed force under the jurisdiction of the 
    Secretary of a military department is updated with the information 
    specified in such paragraph with respect to the member;
        ``(B) any collection, storage, or use of such information is 
    conducted through means involving such cyber protections as the 
    Secretary determines necessary to safeguard the personal 
    information of the member; and
        ``(C) the system established under such paragraph is 
    interoperable and compatible with the electronic health record 
    system known as `MHS GENESIS', or such successor system.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
        (1) in the heading, by striking ``Anthrax vaccine immunization 
    program; procedures for exemptions and monitoring reactions'' and 
    inserting ``System for tracking and recording vaccine information; 
    anthrax vaccine immunization program'';
        (2) in subsection (b), as redesignated by subsection (a)(1)--
            (A) in the heading, by inserting ``From Anthrax Vaccine 
        Immunization Program'' after ``Exemptions'' ; and
            (B) by striking ``Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
        ``Secretary''; and
        (3) in the heading of subsection (c), as redesignated by 
    subsection (a)(1), by inserting ``to Anthrax Vaccine'' after 
    ``Reactions''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 55 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating 
to section 1110 and inserting the following new item:
``1110. System for tracking and recording vaccine information; anthrax 
          vaccine immunization program.''.

    (d) Deadline for Establishment of System.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall establish the system under section 1110 of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a), by not later than January 1, 
2023.
    (e) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate a report on the administration of vaccines to members of the 
Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
department and on the status of establishing the system under section 
1110(a) of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)). 
Such report shall include information on the following:
        (1) The process by which such members receive vaccines, and the 
    process by which the Secretary tracks, records, and reports on, 
    vaccines received by such members (including with respect to any 
    transfers by a non-Department provider to the Department of 
    vaccination records or other medical information of the member 
    related to the administration of vaccines by the non-Department 
    provider).
        (2) The storage of information related to the administration of 
    vaccines in the electronic health records of such members, and the 
    cyber protections involved in such storage, as required under such 
    section 1110(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code.
        (3) The general process by which medical information of 
    beneficiaries under the TRICARE program is collected, tracked, and 
    recorded, including the process by which medical information from 
    providers contracted by the Department or from a State or local 
    department of health is transferred to the Department and 
    associated with records maintained by the Secretary.
        (4) Any gaps or challenges relating to the vaccine 
    administration process of the Department and any legislative or 
    budgetary recommendations to address such gaps or challenges.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``military departments'' has the meaning given 
    such term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The term ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given such 
    term in section 1072 of such title.
    SEC. 717. EXEMPTION FROM REQUIRED PHYSICAL EXAMINATION AND MENTAL 
      HEALTH ASSESSMENT FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.
    Section 1145(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
    inserting ``Except as provided in subparagraph (D), the 
    Secretary''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(D) The requirement for a physical examination and mental health 
assessment under subparagraph (A) shall not apply with respect to a 
member of a reserve component described in paragraph (2)(B) unless the 
member is retiring, or being discharged or dismissed, from the armed 
forces.''.
    SEC. 718. AUTHORIZATION OF PROVISION OF INSTRUCTION AT UNIFORMED 
      SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES TO CERTAIN FEDERAL 
      EMPLOYEES.
    Section 2114(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
    ``(1) The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary 
    of Health and Human Services and the Secretary of Veterans 
    Affairs,''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) A covered employee whose employment or service with the 
Department of Veterans Affairs, Public Health Service, or Coast Guard 
(as applicable) is in a position relevant to national security or 
health sciences may receive instruction at the University within the 
scope of such employment or service.
    ``(B) If a covered employee receives instruction at the University 
pursuant to subparagraph (A), the head of the Federal agency concerned 
shall reimburse the University for the cost of providing such 
instruction to the covered employee. Amounts received by the University 
under this subparagraph shall be retained by the University to defray 
the costs of such instruction.
    ``(C) Notwithstanding subsections (b) through (e) and subsection 
(i), the head of the Federal agency concerned shall determine the 
service obligations of the covered employee receiving instruction at 
the University pursuant to subparagraph (A) in accordance with 
applicable law.
    ``(D) In this paragraph--
        ``(i) the term `covered employee' means an employee of the 
    Department of Veterans Affairs, a civilian employee of the Public 
    Health Service, a member of the commissioned corps of the Public 
    Health Service, a member of the Coast Guard, or a civilian employee 
    of the Coast Guard; and
        ``(ii) the term `head of the Federal agency concerned' means 
    the head of the Federal agency that employs, or has jurisdiction 
    over the uniformed service of, a covered employee permitted to 
    receive instruction at the University under subparagraph (A) in the 
    relevant position described in such subparagraph.''.
    SEC. 719. REMOVAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR ONE YEAR OF PARTICIPATION IN 
      CERTAIN MEDICAL AND LIFESTYLE INCENTIVE PROGRAMS OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO RECEIVE BENEFITS UNDER SUCH PROGRAMS.
    Section 729 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1073 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``in the previous year'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``in the previous year''; 
    and
        (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``in the previous year''.
    SEC. 720. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STANDARDS FOR EXEMPTIONS FROM 
      MANDATORY COVID-19 VACCINES.
    (a) Standards.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish uniform 
standards under which covered members may be exempted from receiving an 
otherwise mandated COVID-19 vaccine for administrative, medical, or 
religious reasons.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered member'' means a member of an Armed 
    Force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
    department.
        (2) The term ``COVID-19 vaccine'' means any vaccine for the 
    coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), including any subsequent 
    booster shot for COVID-19.
    SEC. 721. ESTABLISHMENT OF CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE FOR ENHANCED 
      TREATMENT OF OCULAR INJURIES.
    (a) In General.--Not later than October 1, 2023, the Secretary of 
Defense, acting through the Director of the Defense Health Agency, 
shall establish within the Defense Health Agency not fewer than four 
regional centers of excellence for the enhanced treatment of--
        (1) ocular wounds or injuries; and
        (2) vision dysfunction related to traumatic brain injury.
    (b) Location of Centers.--Each center of excellence established 
under subsection (a) shall be located at a military medical center that 
provides graduate medical education in ophthalmology and related 
subspecialties and shall be the primary center for providing 
specialized medical services for vision for members of the Armed Forces 
in the region in which the center of excellence is located.
    (c) Policies for Referral of Beneficiaries.--Not later than October 
1, 2023, the Director of the Defense Health Agency shall publish on a 
publicly available internet website of the Department of Defense 
policies for the referral of eligible beneficiaries of the Department 
to centers of excellence established under subsection (a) for 
evaluation and treatment.
    (d) Identification of Medical Personnel Billets and Staffing.--The 
Secretary of each military department, in conjunction with the Joint 
Staff Surgeon and the Director of the Defense Health Agency, shall 
identify specific medical personnel billets essential for the 
evaluation and treatment of ocular sensory injuries and ensure that 
centers of excellence established under subsection (a) are staffed with 
such personnel at the level required for the enduring medical support 
of each such center.
    (e) Briefing.--Not later than December 31, 2023, the Secretary of 
Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a briefing that--
        (1) describes the establishment of each center of excellence 
    established under subsection (a), to include the location, 
    capability, and capacity of each such center;
        (2) describes the referral policy published by the Defense 
    Health Agency under subsection (c);
        (3) identifies the medical personnel billets identified under 
    subsection (d); and
        (4) provides a plan for the staffing of personnel at such 
    centers to ensure the enduring medical support of each such center.
    (f) Military Medical Center Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military medical center'' means a medical center described in section 
1073d(b) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 722. IMPLEMENTATION OF INTEGRATED PRODUCT FOR MANAGEMENT OF 
      POPULATION HEALTH ACROSS MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM.
    (a) Integrated Product.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement an integrated product for the management of population health 
across the military health system. Such integrated product shall serve 
as a repository for the health care, demographic, and other relevant 
data of all covered beneficiaries, including with respect to data on 
health care services furnished to such beneficiaries through the 
purchased care and direct care components of the TRICARE program, and 
shall--
        (1) be compatible with the electronic health record system 
    maintained by the Secretary for members of the Armed Forces;
        (2) enable the collection and stratification of data from 
    multiple sources to measure population health goals, facilitate 
    disease management programs of the Department, improve patient 
    education, and integrate wellness services across the military 
    health system; and
        (3) enable predictive modeling to improve health outcomes for 
    patients and to facilitate the identification and correction of 
    medical errors in the treatment of patients, issues regarding the 
    quality of health care services provided, and gaps in health care 
    coverage.
    (b) Considerations in Development.--In developing the integrated 
product under subsection (a), the Secretary shall harmonize such 
development with any policies of the Department relating to a digital 
health strategy (including the digital health strategy under section 
723), coordinate with improvements to the electronic health record 
system specified in subsection (a)(1) to ensure the compatibility 
required under such subsection, and consider methods to improve 
beneficiary interface.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The terms ``covered beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' 
    have the meanings given such terms in section 1072 of title 10, 
    United States Code.
        (2) The term ``integrated product'' means an electronic system 
    of systems (or solutions or products) that provides for the 
    integration and sharing of data to meet the needs of an end user in 
    a timely and cost-effective manner.
    SEC. 723. DIGITAL HEALTH STRATEGY OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Digital Health Strategy.--
        (1) Strategy.--Not later than April 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall develop a digital health strategy of the Department 
    of Defense to incorporate new and emerging technologies and methods 
    (including three-dimensional printing, virtual reality, wearable 
    devices, big data and predictive analytics, distributed ledger 
    technologies, and other innovative methods that leverage new or 
    emerging technologies) in the provision of clinical care within the 
    military health system.
        (2) Elements.--The strategy under paragraph (1) shall address, 
    with respect to future use within the military health system, the 
    following:
            (A) Emerging technology to improve the delivery of clinical 
        care and health services.
            (B) Emerging technology to improve the patient experience 
        in matters relating to medical case management, appointing, and 
        referrals in both the direct care and purchased care components 
        of the TRICARE program, as such term is defined in section 1072 
        of title 10, United States Code.
            (C) Design thinking to improve the delivery of clinical 
        care and health services.
            (D) Advanced clinical decision support systems.
            (E) Simulation technologies for clinical training 
        (including through simulation immersive training) and clinical 
        education, and for the training of health care personnel in the 
        adoption of emerging technologies for clinical care delivery.
            (F) Wearable devices.
            (G) Three-dimensional printing and related technologies.
            (H) Data-driven decision making, including through the use 
        of big data and predictive analytics, in the delivery of 
        clinical care and health services.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than July 1, 2022, the Secretary shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a briefing setting forth--
        (1) the strategy under subsection (a); and
        (2) a plan to implement such strategy, including the estimated 
    timeline and cost for such implementation.
    SEC. 724. DEVELOPMENT AND UPDATE OF CERTAIN POLICIES RELATING TO 
      MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM AND INTEGRATED MEDICAL OPERATIONS.
    (a) In General.--By not later than October 1, 2022, the Secretary 
of Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
departments and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall 
develop and update certain policies relating to the military health 
system and integrated medical operations of the Department of Defense 
as follows:
        (1) Updated plan on integrated medical operations in 
    continental united states.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
    an updated plan on integrated medical operations in the continental 
    United States and update the Department of Defense Instruction 
    6010.22, titled ``National Disaster Medical System (NDMS)'' (or 
    such successor instruction) accordingly. Such updated plan shall--
            (A) be informed by the operational plans of the combatant 
        commands and by the joint medical estimate under section 732 of 
        the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1817);
            (B) include an updated bed plan, to include bed space 
        available through the military health system and through 
        hospitals participating in the National Disaster Medical System 
        established pursuant to section 2812 of the Public Health 
        Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300hh-11);
            (C) include a determination as to whether combat casualties 
        should receive medical care under the direct care or purchased 
        care component of the military health system and a risk 
        analysis in support of such determination;
            (D) identify the manning levels required to furnish medical 
        care under the updated plan, including with respect to the 
        levels of military personnel, civilian employees of the 
        Department, and contractors of the Department; and
            (E) include a cost estimate for the furnishment of such 
        medical care.
        (2) Updated plan on global patient movement.--The Secretary of 
    Defense shall develop an updated plan on global patient movement 
    and update the Department of Defense Instruction 5154.06, relating 
    to medical military treatment facilities and patient movement (or 
    such successor instruction) accordingly. Such updated plan shall--
            (A) be informed by the operational plans of the combatant 
        commands and by the joint medical estimate under section 732 of 
        the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1817);
            (B) include a risk assessment with respect to patient 
        movement compared against overall operational plans;
            (C) include a description of any capabilities-based 
        assessment of the Department that informed the updated plan or 
        that was in progress during the time period in which the 
        updated plan was developed;
            (D) identify the manning levels, equipment and consumables, 
        and funding levels, required to carry out the updated plan; and
            (E) address airlift capability, medical evacuation 
        capability, and access to ports of embarkation.
        (3) Assessment of biosurveillance and medical research 
    capabilities.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an assessment 
    of the biosurveillance and medical research capabilities of the 
    Department of Defense. Such assessment shall include the following:
            (A) An identification of the location and strategic value 
        of the overseas medical laboratories and overseas medical 
        research programs of the Department.
            (B) An assessment of the current capabilities of such 
        laboratories and programs with respect to force health 
        protection and evidence-based medical research.
            (C) A determination as to whether such laboratories and 
        programs have the capabilities, including as a result of the 
        geographic location of such laboratories and programs, to 
        provide force health protection and evidence-based medical 
        research, including by actively monitoring for future 
        pandemics, infectious diseases, and other potential health 
        threats to members of the Armed Forces.
            (D) The current biosurveillance and medical research 
        capabilities of the Department.
            (E) The current manning levels of the biosurveillance and 
        medical research entities of the Department, including an 
        assessment of whether such entities are manned at a level 
        necessary to support the missions of the combatant commands 
        (including with respect to missions related to pandemic 
        influenza or homeland defense).
            (F) The current funding levels of such entities, including 
        a risk assessment as to whether such funding is sufficient to 
        sustain the manning levels necessary to support missions as 
        specified in subparagraph (E).
    (b) Interim Briefing.--Not later than April 1, 2022, the Secretary 
of Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
departments and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate an interim briefing on the progress of 
implementation of the plans and assessment required under subsection 
(a).
    (c) Report.--Not later than December 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House 
of Representatives and the Senate a report describing each updated plan 
and assessment required under subsection (a).
    SEC. 725. MANDATORY TRAINING ON HEALTH EFFECTS OF BURN PITS.
    The Secretary of Defense shall provide to each medical provider of 
the Department of Defense mandatory training with respect to the 
potential health effects of burn pits.
    SEC. 726. STANDARDIZATION OF DEFINITIONS USED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE FOR TERMS RELATED TO SUICIDE.
    (a) Standardization of Definitions.--Not later than 120 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
develop standardized definitions for the following terms:
        (1) ``Suicide''.
        (2) ``Suicide attempt''.
        (3) ``Suicidal ideation''.
    (b) Required Use of Standardized Definitions.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
issue policy guidance requiring the exclusive and uniform use across 
the Department of Defense and within each military department of the 
standardized definitions developed under subsection (a) for the terms 
specified in such subsection.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
briefing that sets forth the standardized definitions developed under 
subsection (a) and includes--
        (1) a description of the process that was used to develop such 
    definitions;
        (2) a description of the methods by which data shall be 
    collected on suicide, suicide attempts, and suicidal ideations (as 
    those terms are defined pursuant to such definitions) in a 
    standardized format across the Department and within each military 
    department; and
        (3) an implementation plan to ensure the use of such 
    definitions as required pursuant to subsection (b).

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 731. MODIFICATIONS AND REPORTS RELATED TO MILITARY MEDICAL 
      MANNING AND MEDICAL BILLETS.
    (a) Military Medical Manning and Medical Billets.--
        (1) Modifications to limitation on reduction or realignment.--
    Section 719 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1454), as amended by 
    section 717 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283), is 
    further amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``180 days following the 
        date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021'' and 
        inserting ``the year following the date of the enactment of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022''; and
            (B) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting ``, including any 
        billet validation requirements determined pursuant to estimates 
        provided in the joint medical estimate under section 732 of the 
        John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232),'' after ``requirements of the 
        military department of the Secretary''.
        (2) GAO report on reduction or realignment of military medical 
    manning and medical billets.--
            (A) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        House of Representatives and the Senate a report on the 
        analyses used to support any reduction or realignment of 
        military medical manning, including any reduction or 
        realignment of medical billets of the military departments.
            (B) Elements.--The report under subparagraph (A) shall 
        include the following:
                (i) An analysis of the use of the joint medical 
            estimate under section 732 of the John S. McCain National 
            Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
            115-232; 132 Stat. 1817) and wartime scenarios to determine 
            military medical manpower requirements, including with 
            respect to pandemic influenza and homeland defense 
            missions.
                (ii) An assessment of whether the Secretaries of the 
            military departments have used the processes under section 
            719(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
            Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1454) to ensure 
            that a sufficient combination of skills, specialties, and 
            occupations are validated and filled prior to the transfer 
            of any medical billets of a military department to fill 
            other military medical manpower needs.
                (iii) An assessment of the effect of the reduction or 
            realignment of such billets on local health care networks 
            and whether the Director of the Defense Health Agency has 
            conducted such an assessment in coordination with the 
            Secretaries of the military departments.
    (b) Assignment of Medical and Dental Personnel of the Military 
Departments to Military Medical Treatment Facilities.--
        (1) Deadline for assignment.--The Secretaries of the military 
    departments shall ensure that the Surgeons General of the Armed 
    Forces carry out fully the requirements of section 712(b)(3) of the 
    John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 1073c note) by not later than 
    September 30, 2022.
        (2) Additional requirement for walter reed national military 
    medical center.--
            (A) Assignment of military personnel.--For fiscal years 
        2023 through 2027, except as provided in subparagraph (B), the 
        Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Secretaries of the 
        military departments assign to the Walter Reed National 
        Military Medical Center sufficient military personnel to meet 
        not less than 85 percent of the joint table of distribution in 
        effect for such facility on December 23, 2016.
            (B) Exception.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any 
        fiscal year for which the Secretary of Defense certifies at the 
        beginning of such fiscal year to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives that 
        notwithstanding the failure to meet the requirement under such 
        paragraph, the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center is 
        fully capable of carrying out all significant activities as the 
        premier medical center of the military health system.
        (3) Reports.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2022, each 
        Secretary of a military department shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the compliance of the military 
        department concerned with this subsection. Each such report 
        shall include--
                (i) an accounting of the number of uniformed personnel 
            and civilian personnel assigned to a military medical 
            treatment facility as of October 1, 2019; and
                (ii) a comparable accounting as of September 30, 2022.
            (B) Explanation.--If the number specified in clause (ii) of 
        subparagraph (A) is less than the number specified in clause 
        (i) of such subparagraph, the Secretary concerned shall provide 
        a full explanation for the reduction.
    SEC. 732. ACCESS BY UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES AND THEIR 
      FAMILY MEMBERS TO CERTAIN FACILITIES OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR 
      ASSESSMENT AND TREATMENT OF ANOMALOUS HEALTH CONDITIONS.
    (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
employees of the United States Government and their family members who 
the Secretary determines are experiencing symptoms of certain anomalous 
health conditions, as defined by the Secretary for purposes of this 
section, timely access for medical assessment, subject to space 
availability, to the National Intrepid Center of Excellence, an 
Intrepid Spirit Center, or an appropriate military medical treatment 
facility, as determined by the Secretary.
    (b) Treatment.--With respect to an individual described in 
subsection (a) diagnosed with an anomalous health condition or a 
related affliction, whether diagnosed under an assessment under 
subsection (a) or otherwise, the Secretary of Defense shall furnish to 
the individual treatment for the condition or affliction, subject to 
space availability, at the National Intrepid Center of Excellence, an 
Intrepid Spirit Center, or an appropriate military medical treatment 
facility, as determined by the Secretary.
    (c) Development of Process.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the heads of such Federal agencies as the Secretary 
considers appropriate, shall develop a process to ensure that employees 
from those agencies and their family members are afforded timely access 
to the National Intrepid Center of Excellence, an Intrepid Spirit 
Center, or an appropriate military medical treatment facility pursuant 
to subsection (a) by not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    (d) Modification of Department of Defense Trauma Registry.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall modify the Trauma Registry of the Department 
of Defense to include data on the demographics, condition-producing 
event, diagnosis and treatment, and outcomes of anomalous health 
conditions experienced by employees of the United States Government and 
their family members assessed or treated under this section, subject to 
an agreement by the employing agency and the consent of the employee.
    SEC. 733. PILOT PROGRAM ON CARDIAC SCREENING AT CERTAIN MILITARY 
      SERVICE ACADEMIES.
    (a) Pilot Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
pilot program to furnish mandatory electrocardiograms to individuals 
who have been admitted to a covered military service academy in 
connection with the military accession screening process, at no cost to 
such candidates.
    (b) Scope.--The scope of the pilot program under subsection (a) 
shall include at least 25 percent of the incoming class of individuals 
who have been admitted to a covered military service academy during the 
first fall semester that follows the date of the enactment of this Act, 
and the pilot program shall terminate on the date on which the 
Secretary determines the military accession screening process for such 
class has concluded.
    (c) Furnishing of Electrocardiograms.--In carrying out the pilot 
program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall furnish each 
mandatory electrocardiogram under the pilot program in a facility of 
the Department of Defense or by medical personnel within the military 
health system.
    (d) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date on which the 
pilot program under subsection (a) terminates, the Secretary shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a briefing on the pilot program. Such briefing shall 
include the following:
        (1) The results of all electrocardiograms furnished to 
    individuals under the pilot program, disaggregated by military 
    service academy, race, and gender.
        (2) The rate of significant cardiac issues detected pursuant to 
    electrocardiograms furnished under the pilot program, disaggregated 
    by military service academy, race, and gender.
        (3) The cost of carrying out the pilot program.
        (4) The number of individuals, if any, who were disqualified 
    from admission based solely on the result of an electrocardiogram 
    furnished under the pilot program.
    (e) Covered Military Service Academy Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``covered military service academy'' does not include the United 
States Coast Guard Academy or the United States Merchant Marine 
Academy.
    SEC. 734. PILOT PROGRAM ON ASSISTANCE FOR MENTAL HEALTH APPOINTMENT 
      SCHEDULING AT MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.
    (a) Pilot Program.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall commence a pilot 
program, to be carried out for at least a one-year period, to provide 
direct assistance for mental health appointment scheduling under the 
direct care and purchased care components of the TRICARE program, 
through facilities and clinics selected by the Secretary for 
participation in the pilot program in a number determined by the 
Secretary.
    (b) Briefings.--
        (1) First briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and 
    the Senate a briefing on the nature of the pilot program under 
    subsection (a).
        (2) Final briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date on 
    which the pilot program under subsection (a) terminates, the 
    Secretary shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    House of Representatives and the Senate a briefing on the pilot 
    program. Such briefing shall include an assessment of--
            (A) the effectiveness of the pilot program with respect to 
        improved access to mental health appointments; and
            (B) any barriers to scheduling mental health appointments 
        under the pilot program observed by health care professionals 
        or other individuals involved in scheduling such appointments.
    (c) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``TRICARE 
program'' has the meaning given such term in section 1072 of title 10, 
United States Code.
    SEC. 735. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CERTAIN RESEARCH 
      CONNECTED TO CHINA.
    (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2022 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to fund any work to 
be performed by EcoHealth Alliance, Inc. in China on research supported 
by the government of China.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the prohibition 
under subsection (a) if the Secretary--
        (1) determines that the waiver is in the national security 
    interests of the United States; and
        (2) not later than 14 days after granting the waiver, submits 
    to the congressional defense committees a detailed justification 
    for the waiver, including--
            (A) an identification of the Department of Defense entity 
        obligating or expending the funds;
            (B) an identification of the amount of such funds;
            (C) an identification of the intended purpose of such 
        funds;
            (D) an identification of the recipient or prospective 
        recipient of such funds (including any third-party entity 
        recipient, as applicable);
            (E) an explanation for how the waiver is in the national 
        security interests of the United States; and
            (F) any other information the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.
    SEC. 736. LIMITATION ON CERTAIN DISCHARGES SOLELY ON THE BASIS OF 
      FAILURE TO OBEY LAWFUL ORDER TO RECEIVE COVID-19 VACCINE.
    (a) Limitation.--During the period of time beginning on August 24, 
2021, and ending on the date that is two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, any administrative discharge of a covered 
member, on the sole basis that the covered member failed to obey a 
lawful order to receive a vaccine for COVID-19, shall be--
        (1) an honorable discharge; or
        (2) a general discharge under honorable conditions.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The terms ``Armed Forces'' and ``military departments'' 
    have the meanings given such terms in section 101 of title 10, 
    United States Code.
        (2) The term ``covered member'' means a member of an Armed 
    Force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
    department.
    SEC. 737. INDEPENDENT ANALYSIS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      COMPREHENSIVE AUTISM CARE DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Agreement.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
    into an agreement with the National Academies of Sciences, 
    Engineering, and Medicine (in this section referred to as the 
    ``National Academies'') for the National Academies to carry out the 
    activities described in subsections (b) and (c).
        (2) Timing.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into the 
    agreement described in paragraph (1) not later than 60 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Analysis by the National Academies.--
        (1) Analysis.--Under an agreement between the Secretary and the 
    National Academies entered into pursuant to subsection (a), the 
    National Academies shall conduct an analysis of the effectiveness 
    of the Department of Defense Comprehensive Autism Care 
    Demonstration program (in this section referred to as the 
    ``demonstration program'') and develop recommendations for the 
    Secretary based on such analysis.
        (2) Elements.--The analysis conducted and recommendations 
    developed under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
            (A) An assessment of all methods used to assist in the 
        assessment of domains related to autism spectrum disorder, 
        including a determination as to whether the Secretary is 
        applying such methods appropriately under the demonstration 
        project.
            (B) An assessment of the methods used under the 
        demonstration project to measure the effectiveness of applied 
        behavior analysis in the treatment of autism spectrum disorder.
            (C) A review of any guidelines or industry standards of 
        care adhered to in the provision of applied behavior analysis 
        services under the demonstration program, including a review of 
        the effects of such adherence with respect to dose-response or 
        health outcomes for an individual who has received such 
        services.
            (D) A review of the health outcomes for an individual who 
        has received applied behavior analysis treatments over time.
            (E) An analysis of the increased utilization of the 
        demonstration program by beneficiaries under the TRICARE 
        program, to improve understanding of such utilization.
            (F) Such other analyses to measure the effectiveness of the 
        demonstration program as may be determined appropriate by the 
        National Academies.
            (G) An analysis on whether the incidence of autism is 
        higher among the children of military families.
            (H) The development of a list of recommendations related to 
        the measurement, effectiveness, and increased understanding of 
        the demonstration program and its effect on beneficiaries under 
        the TRICARE program.
    (c) Report.--Under an agreement entered into between the Secretary 
and the National Academies under subsection (a), the National 
Academies, not later than nine months after the date of the execution 
of the agreement, shall--
        (1) submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
    the findings of the National Academies with respect to the analysis 
    conducted and recommendations developed under subsection (b); and
        (2) make such report available on a public website in 
    unclassified form.
    SEC. 738. INDEPENDENT REVIEW OF SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESPONSE AT 
      MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) Establishment of Committee.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
establish an independent suicide prevention and response review 
committee.
    (b) Membership.--The committee established under subsection (a) 
shall be composed of not fewer than five individuals--
        (1) designated by the Secretary;
        (2) with expertise determined to be relevant by the Secretary, 
    including at least one individual who is an experienced provider of 
    mental health services; and
        (3) none of whom may be a member of an Armed Force or a 
    civilian employee of the Department of Defense.
    (c) Selection of Military Installations.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall select, for review by the 
    committee established under subsection (a), at least one military 
    installation under the jurisdiction of each military department.
        (2) Inclusion of remote installation.--The Secretary shall 
    ensure that, of the total military installations selected for 
    review under paragraph (1), at least one such installation is a 
    remote installation of the Department of Defense located outside 
    the contiguous United States.
    (d) Duties.--The committee established under subsection (a) shall 
review the suicide prevention and response programs and other factors 
that may contribute to the incidence or prevention of suicide at the 
military installations selected for review pursuant to subsection (c). 
Such review shall be conducted through means including--
        (1) a confidential survey;
        (2) focus groups; and
        (3) individual interviews.
    (e) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary 
shall ensure that the Director of the Office of People Analytics of the 
Department of Defense and the Director of the Office of Force 
Resiliency of the Department of Defense coordinate and cooperate with 
the committee established under subsection (a).
    (f) Reports.--
        (1) Report to secretary.--Not later than 270 days after the 
    date of the establishment of the committee under subsection (a), 
    the committee shall submit to the Secretary a report containing the 
    results of the reviews conducted by the committee and 
    recommendations of the committee to reduce the incidence of suicide 
    at the military installations reviewed.
        (2) Report to congress.--Not later than 330 days after the date 
    of the establishment of the committee under subsection (a), the 
    committee shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    House of Representatives and the Senate the report under paragraph 
    (1).
    (g) Termination.--The committee established under subsection (a) 
shall terminate on a date designated by the Secretary as the date on 
which the work of the committee has been completed.
    (h) Nonapplicability of FACA.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act 
(5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the committee established under 
subsection (a).
    SEC. 739. FEASIBILITY AND ADVISABILITY STUDY ON ESTABLISHMENT OF 
      AEROMEDICAL SQUADRON AT JOINT BASE PEARL HARBOR-HICKAM.
    (a) Study.--Not later than April 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense, 
in consultation with the Chief of the National Guard Bureau and the 
Director of the Air National Guard, shall complete a study on the 
feasibility and advisability of establishing at Joint Base Pearl 
Harbor-Hickam an aeromedical squadron of the Air National Guard in 
Hawaii to support the aeromedical mission needs of the United States 
Indo-Pacific Command.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall assess the 
following:
        (1) The manpower required for the establishment of an 
    aeromedical squadron of the Air National Guard in Hawaii as 
    specified in subsection (a).
        (2) The overall cost of such establishment.
        (3) The length of time required for such establishment.
        (4) The mission requirements for such establishment.
        (5) Such other matters as may be determined relevant by the 
    Secretary.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than April 1, 2022, the Secretary shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a briefing on the findings of the 
feasibility and advisability study under subsection (a), including with 
respect to each element specified in subsection (b).
    SEC. 740. STUDY ON INCIDENCE OF BREAST CANCER AMONG MEMBERS OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES SERVING ON ACTIVE DUTY.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
incidence of breast cancer among members of the Armed Forces serving on 
active duty.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) A determination of the number of members of the Armed 
    Forces who served on active duty at any time during the period 
    beginning on January 1, 2011, and ending on the date of the 
    enactment of this Act who were diagnosed with breast cancer during 
    such period.
        (2) A determination of demographic information regarding such 
    members, including race, ethnicity, sex, age, military occupational 
    specialty, and rank.
        (3) A comparison of the rates of members of the Armed Forces 
    serving on active duty who have breast cancer to civilian 
    populations with comparable demographic characteristics.
        (4) An identification of potential factors associated with 
    service in the Armed Forces that could increase the risk of breast 
    cancer for members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty.
        (5) To the extent the data are available, an identification of 
    overseas locations associated with airborne hazards, such as burn 
    pits, and members of the Armed Forces diagnosed with breast cancer 
    who served on active duty in such locations.
        (6) An assessment of the effectiveness of outreach by the 
    Department of Defense to members of the Armed Forces to identify 
    risks of, prevent, detect, and treat breast cancer.
        (7) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    changing the current mammography screening policy of the Department 
    to incorporate all members of the Armed Forces who deployed 
    overseas to an area associated with airborne hazards, such as burn 
    pits.
        (8) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    conducting digital breast tomosynthesis at facilities of the 
    Department that provide mammography services.
        (9) Such recommendations as the Secretary may have for changes 
    to policy or law that could improve the prevention, early 
    detection, awareness, and treatment of breast cancer among members 
    of the Armed Forces serving on active duty, including any 
    additional resources needed.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the findings and recommendations of the 
study under subsection (a), including a description of any further 
unique military research needed with respect to breast cancer.
    SEC. 741. GAO BIENNIAL STUDY ON INDIVIDUAL LONGITUDINAL EXPOSURE 
      RECORD PROGRAM.
    (a) Studies and Reports Required.--Not later than December 31, 
2023, and once every two years thereafter until December 31, 2030, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall--
        (1) conduct a study on the implementation and effectiveness of 
    the Individual Longitudinal Exposure Record program of the 
    Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
        (2) submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
    containing the findings of the most recently conducted study.
    (b) Elements.--The biennial studies under subsection (a) shall 
include an assessment of elements as follows:
        (1) Initial study.--The initial study conducted under 
    subsection (a) shall assess, at a minimum, the following:
            (A) Statistics relating to use of the Individual 
        Longitudinal Exposure Record program, including the total 
        number of individuals the records of whom are contained therein 
        and the total number of records accessible under the program.
            (B) Costs associated with the program, including any cost 
        overruns associated with the program.
            (C) The capacity to expand the program to include the 
        medical records of veterans who served prior to the 
        establishment of the program.
            (D) Any illness recently identified as relating to a toxic 
        exposure (or any guidance relating to such an illness recently 
        issued) by either the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs, including any such illness or guidance that 
        relates to open burn pit exposure.
            (E) How the program has enabled (or failed to enable) the 
        discovery, notification, and medical care of individuals 
        affected by an illness described in subparagraph (D).
            (F) Physician and patient feedback on the program, 
        particularly feedback that relates to ease of use.
            (G) Cybersecurity and privacy protections of patient data 
        stored under the program, including whether any classified or 
        restricted data has been stored under the program (such as data 
        relating to deployment locations or duty stations).
            (H) Any technical or logistical impediments to the 
        implementation or expansion of the program, including any 
        impediments to the inclusion in the program of databases or 
        materials originally intended to be included.
            (I) Any issues relating to read-only access to data under 
        the program by veterans.
            (J) Any issues relating to the interoperability of the 
        program between the Department of Defense and the Department of 
        Veterans Affairs.
        (2) Subsequent studies.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), 
    each study conducted under subsection (a) following the initial 
    study specified in paragraph (1) shall assess--
            (A) statistics relating to use of the Individual 
        Longitudinal Exposure Record program, including the total 
        number of individuals the records of whom are contained therein 
        and the total number of records accessible under the program; 
        and
            (B) such other elements as the Comptroller General 
        determines appropriate, which may include any other element 
        specified in paragraph (1).
        (3) Final study.--The final study conducted under subsection 
    (a) shall assess--
            (A) the elements specified in subparagraphs (A), (B), (D), 
        (E), (F), and (H) of paragraph (1); and
            (B) such other elements as the Comptroller General 
        determines appropriate, which may include any other element 
        specified in paragraph (1).
    (c) Access by Comptroller General.--
        (1) Information and materials.--Upon request of the Comptroller 
    General, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans 
    Affairs shall make available to the Comptroller General any 
    information or other materials necessary for the conduct of each 
    biennial study under subsection (a).
        (2) Interviews.--In addition to such other authorities as are 
    available, the Comptroller General shall have the right to 
    interview officials and employees of the Department of Defense and 
    the Department of Veterans Affairs (including clinicians, claims 
    adjudicators, and researchers) as necessary for the conduct of each 
    biennial study under subsection (a).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Veterans' Affairs of the Senate.
        (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' means--
            (A) the Secretary of Defense, with respect to matters 
        concerning the Department of Defense; and
            (B) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, with respect to 
        matters concerning the Department of Veterans Affairs.
    SEC. 742. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY ON IMPLEMENTATION BY DEPARTMENT 
      OF DEFENSE OF RECENT STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS TO REFORM THE 
      MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM.
    (a) Study.--
        (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
    shall conduct a study on the implementation by the Department of 
    Defense of statutory requirements to reform the military health 
    system contained in a covered Act.
        (2) Elements.--The study required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) A compilation of a list of, and citation for, each 
        statutory requirement on reform of the military health system 
        contained in a covered Act.
            (B) An assessment of the extent to which such requirement 
        was implemented, or is currently being implemented.
            (C) An evaluation of the actions taken by the Department of 
        Defense to assess and determine the effectiveness of actions 
        taken pursuant to such requirement.
            (D) Such other matters in connection with the 
        implementation of such requirement as the Comptroller General 
        considers appropriate.
    (b) Briefing and Report.--
        (1) Briefing.--Not later than May 1, 2022, the Comptroller 
    General shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
    and the House of Representatives on the status of the study 
    conducted under subsection (a).
        (2) Report.--Not later than May 1, 2023, the Comptroller 
    General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the study 
    conducted under subsection (a) that includes the elements specified 
    in paragraph (2) of such subsection.
    (c) Covered Act Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered Act'' 
means any of the following:
        (1) The William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283).
        (2) The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
    (Public Law 116-92).
        (3) The John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232).
        (4) The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
    (Public Law 115-91).
        (5) The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
    (Public Law 114-328).
        (6) The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
    (Public Law 114-92).
        (7) The Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
    291).
        (8) The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 
    (Public Law 113-66).
        (9) The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 
    (Public Law 112-239).
        (10) The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2012 (Public Law 112-81).
    SEC. 743. STUDY TO DETERMINE NEED FOR A JOINT FUND FOR FEDERAL 
      ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD MODERNIZATION OFFICE.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall conduct a study to determine--
        (1) whether there is a validated need or military requirement 
    for the development of a joint fund of the Department of Defense 
    and the Department of Veterans Affairs for the Federal Electronic 
    Health Record Modernization Office; and
        (2) whether the operations of the Federal Electronic Health 
    Record Modernization Office since its establishment, including how 
    the Office has supported the implementation of the Individual 
    Longitudinal Exposure Record program of the Department of Defense 
    and the Department of Veterans Affairs, justify the development of 
    a potential joint fund.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall assess the 
following:
        (1) Justifications for the development of the joint fund.
        (2) The potential resource allocation and funding commitments 
    for the Department of Defense and Department of Veterans Affairs 
    with respect to the joint fund.
        (3) Options for the governance structure of the joint fund, 
    including how accountability would be divided between the 
    Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
        (4) The anticipated contents of the joint fund, including the 
    anticipated process for annual transfers to the joint fund from the 
    Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs, 
    respectively.
        (5) An estimated timeline for the potential establishment of 
    the joint fund.
        (6) The progress and accomplishments of the Federal Electronic 
    Health Record Modernization Office during fiscal year 2021 in 
    fulfilling the purposes specified in subparagraphs (C) through (R) 
    of section 1635(b)(2) of the Wounded Warrior Act (title XVI of 
    Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).
    (c) Report.--Not later than July 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense, 
in coordination with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a report on the findings of 
the study under subsection (a), including recommendations on the 
development of the joint fund specified in such subsection. Such 
recommendations shall address--
        (1) the purpose of the joint fund; and
        (2) requirements related to the joint fund.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate; and
            (B) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate.
        (2) The term ``Electronic Health Record Modernization Program'' 
    has the meaning given such term in section 503(e) of the Veterans 
    Benefits and Transition Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-407; 132 Stat. 
    5376).
        (3) The term ``Federal Electronic Health Record Modernization 
    Office'' means the Office established under section 1635(b) of the 
    Wounded Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 
    1071 note).
    SEC. 744. BRIEFING ON DOMESTIC PRODUCTION OF CRITICAL ACTIVE 
      PHARMACEUTICAL INGREDIENTS FOR NATIONAL SECURITY PURPOSES.
    Not later than April 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a briefing on the development of a 
capability for the domestic production of critical active 
pharmaceutical ingredients and drug products in finished dosage form 
for national security purposes. Such briefing shall include a 
description of the following:
        (1) The anticipated cost over the period covered by the most 
    recent future-years defense program submitted under section 221 of 
    title 10, United States Code (as of the date of the briefing), to 
    develop such a domestic production capability for critical active 
    pharmaceutical ingredients.
        (2) The cost of producing critical active pharmaceutical 
    ingredients through such a domestic production capability, as 
    compared with the cost of standard manufacturing processes used by 
    the pharmaceutical industry.
        (3) The average time to produce critical active pharmaceutical 
    ingredients through such a domestic production capability, as 
    compared with the average time to produce such ingredients through 
    standard manufacturing processes used by the pharmaceutical 
    industry.
        (4) Any intersections between the development of such a 
    domestic production capability, the military health system, and 
    defense-related medical research or operational medical 
    requirements.
        (5) Lessons learned from the progress made in developing such a 
    domestic production capability as of the date of the briefing, 
    including from any contracts entered into by the Secretary with 
    respect to such a domestic production capability.
        (6) Any critical active pharmaceutical ingredients that are 
    under consideration by the Secretary for future domestic production 
    as of the date of the briefing.
        (7) The plan of the Secretary regarding the future use of such 
    a domestic production capability for critical active pharmaceutical 
    ingredients.
    SEC. 745. BRIEFING ON SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Briefing.--Not later than June 1, 2022, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall provide to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
briefing on substance abuse policy, strategy, and programs within the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The briefing required under subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following elements:
        (1) With respect to policy, an overview of the policies of the 
    Department of Defense and the military departments with respect to 
    substance abuse, including for covered beneficiaries, and how each 
    such policy is synchronized, including any definitions of the term 
    ``substance abuse''.
        (2) With respect to background data--
            (A) an analysis of the trends in substance abuse across the 
        active and reserve components of the Armed Forces over the 
        preceding 10-year period, including the types of care 
        (residential, outpatient, or other), any variation in such 
        trends for demographics or geographic locations of members who 
        have been deployed, and any other indicators that the Under 
        Secretary determines may allow for further understanding of 
        substance abuse programs; and
            (B) an analysis of trends in substance abuse for covered 
        beneficiaries over the preceding 10-year period, including any 
        variation in such trends for demographics, geographic location, 
        or other indicators that the Under Secretary determines may 
        allow for further understanding of substance abuse programs.
        (3) With respect to strategic communication, an overview of the 
    strategic communication plan on substance abuse, including 
    different forms of media and initiatives being undertaken.
        (4) With respect to treatment--
            (A) a description of the treatment options available and 
        prescribed for substance abuse for members of the Armed Forces 
        and covered beneficiaries, including the different environments 
        of care, such as hospitals, residential treatment facilities, 
        outpatient care, and other care as appropriate;
            (B) a description of any non-catchment area care which 
        resulted in the nonavailability of military medical treatment 
        facility or military installation capabilities for substance 
        use disorder treatment and the costs associated with sending 
        members of the Armed Forces and covered beneficiaries to non-
        catchment areas for such treatment;
            (C) a description of the synchronization between substance 
        abuse programs, mental health treatment, and case management, 
        where appropriate;
            (D) a description of how substance abuse treatment clinical 
        practice guidelines are used and how frequently such guidelines 
        are updated; and
            (E) the metrics and outcomes that are used to determine 
        whether substance abuse treatments are effective.
        (5) The funding lines and the amount of funding the Secretary 
    of Defense and the Secretary of each of the military departments 
    have obligated for substance abuse programs for each of the 
    preceding 10 fiscal years.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``catchment area'' means the approximately 40-mile 
    radius surrounding a military medical treatment facility or 
    military installation, as the case may be.
        (2) The term ``covered beneficiary'' has the meaning given such 
    term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Acquisition workforce educational partnerships.
Sec. 802. Prohibition on acquisition of personal protective equipment 
          from non-allied foreign nations.
Sec. 803. Authority to acquire innovative commercial products and 
          commercial services using general solicitation competitive 
          procedures.
Sec. 804. Modifications to contracts subject to cost or pricing data 
          certification.
Sec. 805. Two-year extension of Selected Acquisition Report requirement.
Sec. 806. Annual report on highest and lowest performing acquisition 
          programs of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 807. Assessment of impediments and incentives to improving the 
          acquisition of commercial products and commercial services.
Sec. 808. Briefing on transparency for certain domestic procurement 
          waivers.
Sec. 809. Report on violations of certain domestic preference laws.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Certain multiyear contracts for acquisition of property: 
          budget justification materials.
Sec. 812. Extension of demonstration project relating to certain 
          acquisition personnel management policies and procedures.
Sec. 813. Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight employee training 
          requirements.
Sec. 814. Modified condition for prompt contract payment eligibility.
Sec. 815. Modification to procurement of services: data analysis and 
          requirements validation.
Sec. 816. Limitation on procurement of welded shipboard anchor and 
          mooring chain for naval vessels.
Sec. 817. Repeal of preference for fixed-price contracts.

     Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Other Transaction Authority

Sec. 821. Modification of other transaction authority for research 
          projects.
Sec. 822. Modification of prize authority for advanced technology 
          achievements.
Sec. 823. Pilot program on systems engineering determinations.
Sec. 824. Recommendations on the use of other transaction authority.
Sec. 825. Reporting requirement for certain defense acquisition 
          activities.

       Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Software and Technology

Sec. 831. Technology protection features activities.
Sec. 832. Modification of enhanced transfer of technology developed at 
          Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 833. Pilot program on acquisition practices for emerging 
          technologies.
Sec. 834. Pilot program to accelerate the procurement and fielding of 
          innovative technologies.
Sec. 835. Independent study on technical debt in software-intensive 
          systems.
Sec. 836. Cadre of software development and acquisition experts.

        Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Supply Chain Security

Sec. 841. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure integrity of 
          industrial base.
Sec. 842. Modification to analyses of certain activities for action to 
          address sourcing and industrial capacity.
Sec. 843. Assuring integrity of overseas fuel supplies.
Sec. 844. Assessment of requirements for certain items to address supply 
          chain vulnerabilities.
Sec. 845. Department of Defense research and development priorities.
Sec. 846. Report on the Manufacturing Engineering Education Program.
Sec. 847. Plan and report on reduction of reliance on services, 
          supplies, or materials from covered countries.
Sec. 848. Prohibition on certain procurements from the Xinjiang Uyghur 
          Autonomous Region.

                   Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 851. Modifications to printed circuit board acquisition 
          restrictions.
Sec. 852. Modification of pilot program for development of technology-
          enhanced capabilities with partnership intermediaries.
Sec. 853. Additional testing of commercial e-commerce portal models.
Sec. 854. Requirement for industry days and requests for information to 
          be open to allied defense contractors.
Sec. 855. Employment transparency regarding individuals who perform work 
          in the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 856. Briefing on compliance with contractor lobbying restrictions.
Sec. 857. Congressional oversight of personnel and contracts of private 
          security contractors.

                   Subtitle G--Small Business Matters

Sec. 861. Exemption of certain contracts from the periodic inflation 
          adjustments to the acquisition-related dollar threshold.
Sec. 862. Modification to the pilot program for streamlining awards for 
          innovative technology projects.
Sec. 863. Protests and appeals relating to eligibility of business 
          concerns.
Sec. 864. Authority for the Office of Hearings and Appeals to decide 
          appeals relating to qualified HUBZone small business concerns.
Sec. 865. Report on unfunded priorities of the Small Business Innovation 
          Research and Small Business Technology Transfer program.
Sec. 866. Report on Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification effects 
          on small business.
Sec. 867. Data on Phase III Small Business Innovation Research and Small 
          Business Technology Transfer program awards.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 871. Mission management pilot program.
Sec. 872. Establishment of mission-oriented pilot programs to close 
          significant capabilities gaps.
Sec. 873. Independent study on acquisition practices and policies.
Sec. 874. Pilot program to incentivize contracting with employee-owned 
          businesses.
Sec. 875. Guidance, training, and report on place of performance 
          contract requirements.
Sec. 876. Notification of certain intergovernmental support agreements.
Sec. 877. Report on requests for equitable adjustment in Department of 
          the Navy.
Sec. 878. Military standards for armor materials in vehicle 
          specifications.

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

    SEC. 801. ACQUISITION WORKFORCE EDUCATIONAL PARTNERSHIPS.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter IV of chapter 87 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1746 the following 
new section:
``Sec. 1746a. Acquisition workforce educational partnerships
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall 
establish a program within Defense Acquisition University to--
        ``(1) facilitate the engagement of relevant experts, including 
    with the acquisition research activities established under section 
    2361a of this title, with the faculty of the Defense Acquisition 
    University to assess and modify the curriculum of the Defense 
    Acquisition University, as appropriate, to enhance the capabilities 
    of the Defense Acquisition University to support educational, 
    training, and research activities in support of acquisition 
    missions of the Department of Defense;
        ``(2) establish a cross-discipline, peer mentoring program for 
    academic advising and to address critical retention concerns with 
    respect to the acquisition workforce;
        ``(3) partner with extramural institutions and military 
    department functional leadership to offer training and on-the-job 
    learning support to all members of the acquisition workforce 
    addressing operational challenges that affect procurement 
    decisionmaking;
        ``(4) support the partnerships between the Department of 
    Defense and extramural institutions with missions relating to the 
    training and continuous development of members of the acquisition 
    workforce;
        ``(5) accelerate the adoption, appropriate design and 
    customization, and use of flexible acquisition practices by the 
    acquisition workforce by expanding the availability of training and 
    on-the-job learning and guidance on such practices and 
    incorporating such training into the curriculum of the Defense 
    Acquisition University; and
        ``(6) support and enhance the capabilities of the faculty of 
    the Defense Acquisition University, and the currency and 
    applicability of the knowledge possessed by such faculty, by--
            ``(A) building partnerships between the faculty of the 
        Defense Acquisition University and the director of, and 
        individuals involved with, the activities established under 
        section 2361a of this title;
            ``(B) supporting the preparation and drafting of the 
        reports required under subsection (f)(2); and
            ``(C) instituting a program under which each member of the 
        faculty of the Defense Acquisition University shall be detailed 
        to an operational acquisition position in a military department 
        or Defense Agency, or to an extramural institution, for not 
        less than six months out of every five year period.
    ``(b) Senior Official.--Not later than 180 days after the enactment 
of this section, the President of the Defense Acquisition University 
shall designate a senior official to execute activities under this 
section.
    ``(c) Support From Other Department of Defense Organizations.--The 
Secretary of Defense may direct other elements of the Department of 
Defense to provide personnel, resources, and other support to the 
program established under this section, as the Secretary determines 
appropriate.
    ``(d) Funding.--Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment may use 
amounts available in the Defense Acquisition Workforce and Development 
Account (as established under section 1705 of this title) to carry out 
the requirements of this section.
    ``(e) Annual Reports.--Not later than September 30, 2022, and 
annually thereafter, the President of the Defense Acquisition 
University shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the 
congressional defense committees a report describing the activities 
conducted under this section during the one-year period ending on the 
date on which such report is submitted.
    ``(f) Exemption to Report Termination Requirements.--Section 
1080(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
(Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), as amended by 
section 1061(j) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2405; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), 
does not apply with respect to the reports required to be submitted to 
Congress under this section.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Acquisition workforce.--The term `acquisition workforce' 
    has the meaning given such term in section 1705(g) of this title.
        ``(2) Extramural institutions.--The term `extramural 
    institutions' means participants in an activity established under 
    section 2361a of this title, public sector organizations, and 
    nonprofit credentialing organizations.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for subchapter IV of 
chapter 87 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 1746 the following new item:
``1746a. Acquisition workforce educational partnerships.''.
    SEC. 802. PROHIBITION ON ACQUISITION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE 
      EQUIPMENT FROM NON-ALLIED FOREIGN NATIONS.
    (a) Prohibition.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 148 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 2533d the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 2533e. Prohibition on acquisition of personal protective 
     equipment and certain other items from non-allied foreign nations
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (c), the 
Secretary of Defense may not procure any covered item from any covered 
nation.
    ``(b) Applicability.--Subsection (a) shall apply to prime contracts 
and subcontracts at any tier.
    ``(c) Exceptions.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subsection (a) does not apply under the 
    following circumstances:
            ``(A) If the Secretary of Defense determines that covered 
        materials of satisfactory quality and quantity, in the required 
        form, cannot be procured as and when needed from nations other 
        than covered nations to meet requirements at a reasonable 
        price.
            ``(B) The procurement of a covered item for use outside of 
        the United States.
            ``(C) Purchases for amounts not greater than $150,000.
        ``(2) Limitation.--A proposed procurement in an amount greater 
    than $150,000 may not be divided into several purchases or 
    contracts for lesser amounts in order to qualify for this 
    exception.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Covered item.--The term `covered item' means an article 
    or item of--
            ``(A) personal protective equipment for use in preventing 
        spread of disease, such as by exposure to infected individuals 
        or contamination or infection by infectious material (including 
        nitrile and vinyl gloves, surgical masks, respirator masks and 
        powered air purifying respirators and required filters, face 
        shields and protective eyewear, surgical and isolation gowns, 
        and head and foot coverings) or clothing, and the materials and 
        components thereof, other than sensors, electronics, or other 
        items added to and not normally associated with such personal 
        protective equipment or clothing; or
            ``(B) sanitizing and disinfecting wipes, testing swabs, 
        gauze, and bandages.
        ``(2) Covered nation.--The term `covered nation' means--
            ``(A) the Democratic People's Republic of North Korea;
            ``(B) the People's Republic of China;
            ``(C) the Russian Federation; and
            ``(D) the Islamic Republic of Iran.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
    section 2533d the following:
``2533e. Prohibition on acquisition of personal protective equipment and 
          certain other items from non-allied foreign nations.''.

    (b) Future Transfer.--
        (1) Transfer and redesignation.--Section 2533e of title 10, 
    United States Code, as added by subsection (a), is transferred to 
    the end of subchapter III of chapter 385 of such title, as added by 
    section 1870(d) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) and 
    amended by this Act, and redesignated as section 4875.
        (2) Clerical amendments.--
            (A) Target chapter table of sections.--The table of 
        sections for subchapter III of chapter 385 of title 10, United 
        States Code, as added by section 1870(d) of the William M. 
        (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283), is amended by adding at the end 
        the following new item:
``4875. Prohibition on acquisition of personal protective equipment and 
          certain other items from non-allied foreign nations.''.

            (B) Origin chapter table of sections.--The table of 
        sections at the beginning of chapter 148 of title 10, United 
        States Code, as amended by subsection (a), is further amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 2533e.
        (3) Effective date.--The transfer, redesignation, and 
    amendments made by this subsection shall take effect immediately 
    after the amendments made by title XVIII of the William M. (Mac) 
    Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 
    take effect.
        (4) References; savings provision; rule of construction.--
    Sections 1883 through 1885 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 
    116-283) shall apply with respect to the transfers, redesignations, 
    and amendments made under this subsection as if such transfers, 
    redesignations, and amendments were made under title XVIII of such 
    Act.
    SEC. 803. AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE INNOVATIVE COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS AND 
      COMMERCIAL SERVICES USING GENERAL SOLICITATION COMPETITIVE 
      PROCEDURES.
    (a) Authority.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 140 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2380c. Authority to acquire innovative commercial products and 
     commercial services using general solicitation competitive 
     procedures
    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of 
the military departments may acquire innovative commercial products and 
commercial services through a competitive selection of proposals 
resulting from a general solicitation and the peer review of such 
proposals.
    ``(b) Treatment as Competitive Procedures.--Use of general 
solicitation competitive procedures under subsection (a) shall be 
considered to be use of competitive procedures for purposes of chapter 
137 of this title.
    ``(c) Limitations.--(1) The Secretary may not enter into a contract 
or agreement in excess of $100,000,000 using the authority under 
subsection (a) without a written determination from the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment or the relevant service 
acquisition executive of the efficacy of the effort to meet mission 
needs of the Department of Defense or the relevant military department.
    ``(2) Contracts or agreements entered into using the authority 
under subsection (a) shall be fixed-price, including fixed-price 
incentive fee contracts.
    ``(3) Notwithstanding section 2376(1) of this title, products and 
services acquired using the authority under subsection (a) shall be 
treated as commercial products and commercial services.
    ``(d) Congressional Notification Required.--(1) Not later than 45 
days after the award of a contract for an amount exceeding $100,000,000 
using the authority in subsection (a), the Secretary shall notify the 
congressional defense committees of such award.
    ``(2) Notice of an award under paragraph (1) shall include the 
following:
        ``(A) Description of the innovative commercial product or 
    commercial service acquired.
        ``(B) Description of the requirement, capability gap, or 
    potential technological advancement with respect to which the 
    innovative commercial product or commercial service acquired 
    provides a solution or a potential new capability.
        ``(C) Amount of the contract awarded.
        ``(D) Identification of the contractor awarded the contract.
    ``(e) Innovative Defined.--In this section, the term `innovative' 
means--
        ``(1) any technology, process, or method, including research 
    and development, that is new as of the date of submission of a 
    proposal; or
        ``(2) any application that is new as of the date of submission 
    of a proposal of a technology, process, or method existing as of 
    such date.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 140 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
    inserting after the item relating to section 2380b the following 
    new item:
``2380c. Authority to acquire innovative commercial products and 
          commercial services using general solicitation competitive 
          procedures.''.

        (3) Data collection.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and each 
        Secretary of a military department shall collect and analyze 
        data on the use of the authority under section 2380c of title 
        10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), for the 
        purposes of--
                (i) developing and sharing best practices for achieving 
            the objectives of the authority;
                (ii) gathering information on the implementation of the 
            authority and related policy issues; and
                (iii) informing the congressional defense committees on 
            the use of the authority.
            (B) Plan required.--The authority under section 2380c of 
        title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), may 
        not be exercised by the Secretary of Defense or any Secretary 
        of a military department during the period beginning on October 
        1, 2022, and ending on the date on which the Secretary of 
        Defense submits to the congressional defense committees a 
        completed plan for carrying out the data collection required 
        under paragraph (1).
            (C) Congressional defense committees; military department 
        defined.--In this paragraph, the terms ``congressional defense 
        committees'' and ``military department'' have the meanings 
        given such terms in section 101(a) of title 10, United States 
        Code.
    (b) Future Transfer.--
        (1) Transfer and redesignation.--Section 2380c of title 10, 
    United States Code, as added by subsection (a), is transferred to 
    chapter 247 of such title, added after section 3457, as transferred 
    and redesignated by section 1821(a) of the William M. (Mac) 
    Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 
    (Public Law 116-283), and redesignated as section 3458.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 247 of title 10, United States Code, as added by section 
    1821(a) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283), is 
    amended by inserting after the item related to section 3457 the 
    following new item:
``3458. Authority to acquire innovative commercial products and 
          commercial services using general solicitation competitive 
          procedures.''.

        (3) Conforming amendments to internal cross-references.--
    Section 3458 of title 10, United States Code, as redesignated by 
    paragraph (1), is amended--
            (A) in subsection (b), by striking ``chapter 137'' and 
        inserting ``chapter 221''; and
            (B) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ``section 2376(1)'' 
        and inserting ``section 3451(1)''.
        (4) Effective date.--The transfer, redesignation, and 
    amendments made by this subsection shall take as if included in 
    title XVIII of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283).
        (5) References; savings provision; rule of construction.--
    Sections 1883 through 1885 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 
    116-283) shall apply with respect to the transfers, redesignations, 
    and amendments made under this subsection as if such transfers, 
    redesignations, and amendments were made under title XVIII of such 
    Act.
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 879 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 
U.S.C. 2302 note) is hereby repealed.
    SEC. 804. MODIFICATIONS TO CONTRACTS SUBJECT TO COST OR PRICING 
      DATA CERTIFICATION.
    (a) In General.--Section 2306a(a)(6) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Upon the request'' and all that follows 
    through ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``Under paragraph (1),''; 
    and
        (2) by striking ``modify the contract'' and all that follows 
    through ``consideration.'' and inserting ``modify the contract as 
    soon as practicable to reflect subparagraphs (B) and (C) of such 
    paragraph, without requiring consideration.''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Section 1831(c)(8)(A) of the William M. 
(Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2021 (Public Law 116-283; 134 Stat. 4211) is amended by striking 
``before'' and all that follows through the semicolon at the end and 
inserting ``after the subsection designation;''.
    SEC. 805. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF SELECTED ACQUISITION REPORT 
      REQUIREMENT.
    (a) Extension.--Section 2432(j) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``fiscal year 2021'' and inserting ``fiscal year 
2023''.
    (b) Demonstration Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2022, and every six 
    months thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
    congressional defense committees a demonstration of the capability 
    improvements necessary to achieve the full operational capability 
    of the reporting system that will replace the Selected Acquisition 
    Report requirements under section 2432 of title 10, United States 
    Code, as amended by subsection (a).
        (2) Elements.--
            (A) In general.--The demonstration required under paragraph 
        (1) shall incorporate the following elements:
                (i) A demonstration of the full suite of data sharing 
            capabilities of the reporting system referred to in 
            paragraph (1) that can be accessed by authorized external 
            users, including the congressional defense committees, for 
            a range of covered programs across acquisition categories, 
            including those selected under section 831 of the National 
            Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
            116-92; 133 Stat. 1492).
                (ii) The plans required under subsection (c), as 
            available.
            (B) Initial report.--In addition to the elements described 
        in subparagraph (A), the first demonstration provided under 
        paragraph (1) shall incorporate the findings of the report 
        required under section 830(b) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 
        Stat. 1492).
        (3) Termination.--The requirements under this subsection shall 
    terminate upon the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits 
    to the congressional defense committees a written certification of 
    the determination of the Secretary that the reporting system 
    referred to in paragraph (1) has achieved full operational 
    capability.
    (c) Plans Required for Data Gathering and Sharing.--
        (1) Data required for improved decision making.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2022, the Director 
        of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall prepare a plan 
        for identifying and gathering the data required for effective 
        decision making by program managers and Department of Defense 
        leadership regarding covered programs.
            (B) Contents.--The plan required under subparagraph (A) 
        shall include--
                (i) data that--

                    (I) address covered program progress compared to 
                covered program cost, schedule, and performance goals;
                    (II) provide an assessment of covered program 
                risks; and
                    (III) can be collected throughout the fiscal year 
                without significant additional burden;

                (ii) the data, information, and analytical capabilities 
            supported by the reporting system referred to in subsection 
            (b)(1);
                (iii) the specific data elements needed to assess 
            covered program performance and associated risks, including 
            software development and cybersecurity risks, and an 
            identification of any data elements that cannot be publicly 
            released;
                (iv) the types of covered programs to be included in 
            the reporting system referred to in subsection (b)(1), 
            including the dollar value threshold for inclusion, and the 
            acquisition methodologies and pathways that are to be 
            included;
                (v) the criteria for initiating, modifying, and 
            terminating reporting for covered programs in the reporting 
            system referred to in subsection (b)(1), including program 
            characteristics, acquisition methodology or pathway being 
            used, cost growth or changes, and covered program 
            performance; and
                (vi) the planned reporting schedule for the reporting 
            system referred to in subsection (b)(1), including when 
            reports will be available to authorized external users and 
            the intervals at which data will be updated.
        (2) Improved data sharing within the department of defense and 
    with outside stakeholders.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than July 1, 2022, the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees the plan of the 
        Department of Defense for the reporting system referred to in 
        subsection (b)(1) to report to the congressional defense 
        committees and effectively share information related to covered 
        programs.
            (B) Contents.--The plan required under subparagraph (A) 
        shall--
                (i) incorporate the plan required under paragraph (1);
                (ii) provide for reporting not less frequently than 
            once per year and continuous or periodic updates for 
            authorized external users, as appropriate, to increase the 
            efficiency of, and reduce the bureaucratic burdens for, 
            reporting data and information on acquisition programs;
                (iii) identify the organizations responsible for 
            implementation and overall operation of the reporting 
            system referred to in subsection (b)(1);
                (iv) identify the organizations responsible for 
            providing data for inclusion in such reporting system and 
            ensuring that data is provided in a timely fashion;
                (v) include the schedule and milestones for 
            implementing such reporting system;
                (vi) identify, for such implementation--

                    (I) the resources required, including personnel and 
                funding; and
                    (II) the implementation risks and how such risks 
                will be mitigated;

                (vii) identify the mechanisms by which reporting will 
            be provided to the congressional defense committees and 
            other authorized external users, including--

                    (I) identification of types of organizations that 
                will have access to the system, including those outside 
                the Department of Defense;
                    (II) how the system will be accessed by users, 
                including those outside the Department of Defense; and
                    (III) how such users will be trained on the use of 
                the system and what level of support will be available 
                for such users on an ongoing basis; and

                (viii) identify any changes to policy, guidance, or 
            legislation that are required to begin reporting to the 
            congressional defense committees in accordance with the 
            plan.
    (d) Covered Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
program'' means a program required to be included in a report submitted 
under section 2432 of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 806. ANNUAL REPORT ON HIGHEST AND LOWEST PERFORMING 
      ACQUISITION PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than January 31, 2023, and annually 
thereafter for the following three years, the Component Acquisition 
Executive of each element or organization of the Department of Defense 
shall rank each covered acquisition program based on the criteria 
selected under subsection (b)(1) and submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report that contains a ranking of the five highest 
performing and five lowest performing covered acquisition programs for 
such element or organization based on such criteria.
    (b) Ranking Criteria.--
        (1) In general.--In completing the report required under 
    subsection (a), each Component Acquisition Executive, in 
    consultation with other officials of the Department of Defense as 
    determined appropriate by the Component Acquisition Executive, 
    shall select the criteria for ranking each covered acquisition 
    program.
        (2) Inclusion in report.--Each Component Acquisition Executive 
    shall include in the report submitted under subsection (a) an 
    identification of the specific ranking criteria selected under 
    paragraph (1), including a description of how those criteria are 
    consistent with best acquisition practices.
    (c) Additional Report Elements.--Each Component Acquisition 
Executive shall include in the report required under subsection (a) for 
each of the five acquisition programs ranked as the lowest performing 
the following:
        (1) A description of the factors that contributed to the 
    ranking of the program as low performing.
        (2) An assessment of the underlying causes of the poor 
    performance of the program.
        (3) A plan for addressing the challenges of the program and 
    improving performance, including specific actions that will be 
    taken and proposed timelines for completing such actions.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Component acquisition executive.--The term ``Component 
    Acquisition Executive'' means--
            (A) a service acquisition executive; or
            (B) an individual designated by the head of an element or 
        organization of the Department of Defense, other than a 
        military department, as the Component Acquisition Executive for 
        that element or organization.
        (2) Covered acquisition program.--In this section the term 
    ``covered acquisition program'' means--
            (A) a major defense acquisition program as defined in 
        section 2430 of title 10, United States Code; or
            (B) an acquisition program that is estimated by the 
        Component Acquisition Executive to require an eventual total 
        expenditure described in section 2430(a)(1)(B) of title 10, 
        United States Code.
        (3) Military department; service acquisition executive.--The 
    terms ``military department'' and ``service acquisition executive'' 
    have the meanings given such terms in section 101(a) of title 10, 
    United States Code.
    SEC. 807. ASSESSMENT OF IMPEDIMENTS AND INCENTIVES TO IMPROVING THE 
      ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS AND COMMERCIAL SERVICES.
    (a) Assessment Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment and the Chairman of the Joint Requirements 
Oversight Council shall jointly assess impediments and incentives to 
fulfilling the goals of section 3307 of title 41, United States Code, 
and section 2377 of title 10, United States Code, regarding preferences 
for commercial products and commercial services to--
        (1) enhance the innovation strategy of the Department of 
    Defense to compete effectively against peer adversaries; and
        (2) encourage the rapid adoption of commercial advances in 
    technology.
    (b) Elements of Assessment.--The assessment shall include a review 
of the use of preferences for commercial products and commercial 
services in procurement, including an analysis of--
        (1) relevant policies, regulations, and oversight processes;
        (2) relevant acquisition workforce training and education;
        (3) the role of requirements in the adaptive acquisition 
    framework (as described in Department of Defense Instruction 
    5000.02, ``Operation of the Adaptive Acquisition Framework''), 
    including--
            (A) the ability to accommodate evolving commercial 
        functionality and new opportunities identified during market 
        research; and
            (B) how phasing and uncertainty in requirements are 
        treated;
        (4) the role of competitive procedures and source selection 
    procedures, including the ability to structure acquisition 
    processes to accommodate--
            (A) multiple or unequal solutions; and
            (B) emerging solutions that could fulfill program 
        requirements;
        (5) the role of planning, programming, and budgeting structures 
    and processes, including appropriations categories;
        (6) systemic biases in favor of custom solutions;
        (7) allocation of technical data rights;
        (8) strategies to control modernization and sustainment costs;
        (9) the risk to contracting officers and other members of the 
    acquisition workforce of acquiring commercial products and 
    commercial services, and incentives and disincentives for taking 
    such risks; and
        (10) potential reforms that do not impose additional burdensome 
    and time-consuming constraints on the acquisition process.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment and the Chairman of the Joint Requirements Oversight 
Council shall brief the congressional defense committees on the results 
of the required assessment and any actions undertaken to improve 
compliance with the statutory preference for commercial products and 
commercial services, including any recommendations to Congress for 
legislative action.
    SEC. 808. BRIEFING ON TRANSPARENCY FOR CERTAIN DOMESTIC PROCUREMENT 
      WAIVERS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the congressional defense 
committees on the extent to which information relating to the use of 
domestic procurement waivers by the Department of Defense is publicly 
available.
    SEC. 809. REPORT ON VIOLATIONS OF CERTAIN DOMESTIC PREFERENCE LAWS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1 of each of 2023, 
2024, and 2025, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with each 
Secretary of a military department, shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on violations of certain domestic 
preference laws reported to the Department of Defense and the military 
departments. Each report shall include such violations that occurred 
during the previous fiscal year covered by the report.
    (b) Elements.--Each report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following for each reported violation:
        (1) The name of the contractor.
        (2) The contract number.
        (3) The nature of the violation, including which of the certain 
    domestic preference laws was violated.
        (4) The origin of the report of the violation.
        (5) Actions taken or pending by the Secretary concerned in 
    response to the violation.
        (6) Other related matters deemed appropriate by the Secretary 
    concerned.
    (c) Certain Domestic Preference Laws Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``certain domestic preference laws'' means any provision of 
section 2533a or 2533b of title 10, United States Code, or chapter 83 
of title 41 of such Code, that requires or creates a preference for the 
procurement of goods, articles, materials, or supplies, that are grown, 
mined, reprocessed, reused, manufactured, or produced in the United 
States.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

    SEC. 811. CERTAIN MULTIYEAR CONTRACTS FOR ACQUISITION OF PROPERTY: 
      BUDGET JUSTIFICATION MATERIALS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 239c. Certain multiyear contracts for acquisition of property: 
    budget justification materials
    ``(a) In General.--In the budget justification materials submitted 
to Congress in support of the Department of Defense budget for fiscal 
year 2023 and each fiscal year thereafter (as submitted with the budget 
of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31), the Secretary of 
Defense shall include a proposal for any multiyear contract of the 
Department entered into under section 2306b of this title that--
        ``(1) the head of an agency intends to cancel during the fiscal 
    year; or
        ``(2) with respect to which the head of an agency intends to 
    effect a covered modification during the fiscal year.
    ``(b) Elements.--Each proposal required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        ``(1) A detailed assessment of any expected termination costs 
    associated with the proposed cancellation or covered modification 
    of the multiyear contract.
        ``(2) An updated assessment of estimated savings of such 
    cancellation or carrying out the multiyear contract as modified by 
    such covered modification.
        ``(3) An explanation of the proposed use of previously 
    appropriated funds for advance procurement or procurement of 
    property planned under the multiyear contract before such 
    cancellation or covered modification.
        ``(4) An assessment of expected impacts of the proposed 
    cancellation or covered modification on the defense industrial 
    base, including workload stability, loss of skilled labor, and 
    reduced efficiencies.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `covered modification' means a modification that 
    will result in a reduction in the quantity of end items to be 
    procured.
        ``(2) The term `head of an agency' means--
            ``(A) the Secretary of Defense;
            ``(B) the Secretary of the Army;
            ``(C) the Secretary of the Navy; or
            ``(D) the Secretary of the Air Force.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 9 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
new item:
``239c. Certain multiyear contracts for acquisition of property: budget 
          justification materials.''.
    SEC. 812. EXTENSION OF DEMONSTRATION PROJECT RELATING TO CERTAIN 
      ACQUISITION PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES.
    Section 1762(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2023'' and inserting ``December 31, 2026''.
    SEC. 813. OFFICE OF CORROSION POLICY AND OVERSIGHT EMPLOYEE 
      TRAINING REQUIREMENTS.
    Section 2228 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(6) The Director shall ensure that contractors of the 
    Department of Defense carrying out activities for the prevention 
    and mitigation of corrosion of the military equipment and 
    infrastructure of the Department of Defense employ for such 
    activities a substantial number of individuals who have completed, 
    or who are currently enrolled in, a qualified training program.'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) require that any training or professional development 
    activities for military personnel or civilian employees of the 
    Department of Defense for the prevention and mitigation of 
    corrosion of the military equipment and infrastructure of the 
    Department of Defense are conducted under a qualified training 
    program that trains and certifies individuals in meeting corrosion 
    control standards that are recognized industry-wide.''; and
        (3) in subparagraph (f), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(6) The term `qualified training program' means a training 
    program in corrosion control, mitigation, and prevention that is--
            ``(A) offered or accredited by an organization that sets 
        industry corrosion standards; or
            ``(B) an industrial coatings applicator training program 
        registered under the Act of August 16, 1937 (popularly known as 
        the `National Apprenticeship Act'; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.).''.
    SEC. 814. MODIFIED CONDITION FOR PROMPT CONTRACT PAYMENT 
      ELIGIBILITY.
    Section 2307(a)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``if the prime contractor agrees or proposes to make 
payments to the subcontractor'' and inserting ``if the prime contractor 
agrees to make payments to the subcontractor''.
    SEC. 815. MODIFICATION TO PROCUREMENT OF SERVICES: DATA ANALYSIS 
      AND REQUIREMENTS VALIDATION.
    (a) In General.--Section 2329 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``October 1, 2021'' and inserting ``February 1, 2023''; and
            (B) by striking paragraphs (4) and (5) and inserting the 
        following new paragraphs:
        ``(4) be informed by the review of the inventory required by 
    section 2330a(c) using standard guidelines developed under 
    subsection (d); and
        ``(5) clearly and separately identify the amount requested and 
    projected for the procurement of contract services for each Defense 
    Agency, Department of Defense Field Activity, command, or military 
    installation for the budget year and the subsequent four fiscal 
    years in the future-years defense program submitted to Congress 
    under section 221.'';
        (2) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:
    ``(d) Requirements Evaluation.--(1) Each Services Requirements 
Review Board shall evaluate each requirement for a services contract, 
taking into consideration total force management policies and 
procedures, available resources, the analyses conducted under 
subsection (c), and contracting efficacy and efficiency. An evaluation 
of a services contract for compliance with contracting policies and 
procedures may not be considered to be an evaluation of a requirement 
for such services contract.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall establish and issue standard 
guidelines within the Department of Defense for the evaluation of 
requirements for services contracts. Any such guidelines issued--
        ``(A) shall be consistent with the `Handbook of Contract 
    Function Checklists for Services Acquisition' issued by the 
    Department of Defense in May 2018, or a successor or other 
    appropriate policy; and
        ``(B) shall be updated as necessary to incorporate applicable 
    statutory changes to total force management policies and procedures 
    and any other guidelines or procedures relating to the use of 
    Department of Defense civilian employees to perform new functions 
    and functions that are performed by contractors.
    ``(3) The acquisition decision authority for each services contract 
shall certify--
        ``(A) that a task order or statement of work being submitted to 
    a contracting office is in compliance with the standard guidelines;
        ``(B) that all appropriate statutory risk mitigation efforts 
    have been made; and
        ``(C) that such task order or statement of work does not 
    include requirements formerly performed by Department of Defense 
    civilian employees.
    ``(4) The Inspector General of the Department of Defense may 
conduct annual audits to ensure compliance with this subsection.'';
        (3) by striking subsection (f) and redesignating the subsequent 
    subsections accordingly; and
        (4) in subsection (f), as so redesignated--
            (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``January 5, 2016'' and 
        inserting ``January 10, 2020''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) The term `acquisition decision authority' means the 
    designated decision authority for each designated special interest 
    services acquisition category, described in such Department of 
    Defense Instruction.''.
    (b) Repeals.--
        (1) Section 235 of title 10, United States Code, is repealed.
        (2) Section 852 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1492; 10 U.S.C. 2329 
    note) is repealed.
    SEC. 816. LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF WELDED SHIPBOARD ANCHOR AND 
      MOORING CHAIN FOR NAVAL VESSELS.
    Section 2534 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2), by adding at the end the following 
    new subparagraph:
            ``(F) Welded shipboard anchor and mooring chain.''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking ``A manufacturer'' and inserting ``(1) 
        Except as provided in paragraph (2), a manufacturer''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) A manufacturer of welded shipboard anchor and mooring chain 
for naval vessels meets the requirements of this subsection if the 
manufacturer is part of the national technology and industrial base.''.
    SEC. 817. REPEAL OF PREFERENCE FOR FIXED-PRICE CONTRACTS.
    Section 829 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 2306 note) is repealed.

     Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Other Transaction Authority

    SEC. 821. MODIFICATION OF OTHER TRANSACTION AUTHORITY FOR RESEARCH 
      PROJECTS.
    (a) In General.--Section 2371 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (e)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (2);
            (B) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``(1)''; and
            (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
        paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively; and
        (2) by amending subsection (h) to read as follows:
    ``(h) Guidance.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue guidance to 
carry out this section.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2371b(b)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``Subsections (e)(1)(B) and 
(e)(2)'' and inserting ``Subsection (e)(2)''.
    SEC. 822. MODIFICATION OF PRIZE AUTHORITY FOR ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY 
      ACHIEVEMENTS.
    Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, including procurement 
    contracts and other agreements,'' after ``other types of prizes'';
        (2) in subsection (b), in the first sentence, by inserting 
    ``and for the selection of recipients of procurement contracts and 
    other agreements'' after ``cash prizes'';
        (3) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``without the approval 
    of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' 
    before the period at the end; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Congressional Notice.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 15 days after a procurement 
    contract or other agreement that exceeds a fair market value of 
    $10,000,000 is awarded under the authority under a program under 
    subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees written notice of such award.
        ``(2) Contents.--Each notice submitted under paragraph (1) 
    shall include--
            ``(A) the value of the relevant procurement contract or 
        other agreement, as applicable, including all options;
            ``(B) a brief description of the research result, 
        technology development, or prototype for which such procurement 
        contract or other agreement, as applicable, was awarded; and
            ``(C) an explanation of the benefit to the performance of 
        the military mission of the Department of Defense resulting 
        from the award.''.
    SEC. 823. PILOT PROGRAM ON SYSTEMS ENGINEERING DETERMINATIONS.
    (a) Requirement.--As soon as practicable but not later than 
September 30, 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each 
covered entity enters into at least two covered transactions under an 
authority described in subsection (b), where each such covered 
transaction includes the system engineering determinations described 
under subsection (c).
    (b) Covered Authorities.--The authorities described under this 
subsection are as follows:
        (1) Section 2371 of title 10, United States Code, with respect 
    to applied and advanced research project transactions relating to 
    weapons systems.
        (2) Section 2371b of such title, with respect to transactions 
    relating to weapons systems.
        (3) Section 2373 of such title.
        (4) Section 2358 of such title, with respect to transactions 
    relating to weapons systems.
    (c) Systems Engineering Determinations.--
        (1) First determination.--
            (A) Success criteria.--The head of a covered entity that 
        enters into a covered transaction under this section shall 
        identify, in writing, not later than 30 days after entering 
        into such covered transaction, measurable success criteria 
        related to potential military applications of such covered 
        transaction, to be demonstrated not later than the last day of 
        the period of performance for such covered transaction.
            (B) Types of determinations.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the end of such period of performance, the head of the covered 
        entity shall make one of the following determinations:
                (i) A ``Discontinue'' determination, under which such 
            head discontinues support of the covered transaction and 
            provides a rationale for such determination.
                (ii) A ``Retain and Extend'' determination, under which 
            such head ensures continued performance of such covered 
            transaction and extends the period of performance for a 
            specified period of time in order to achieve the success 
            criteria described under subparagraph (A).
                (iii) An ``Endorse and Refer'' determination, under 
            which such head endorses the covered transaction and refers 
            it to the most appropriate Service Systems Engineering 
            Command, based on the technical attributes of the covered 
            transaction and the associated potential military 
            applications, based on meeting or exceeding the success 
            criteria.
            (C) Written notice.--A determination made pursuant to 
        subparagraph (B) shall be documented in writing and provided to 
        the person performing the covered transaction to which the 
        determination relates.
            (D) Further determination.--If the head of a covered entity 
        issued a ``Retain and Extend'' determination described in 
        subparagraph (B)(ii), such head shall, at the end of the 
        extension period--
                (i) issue an ``Endorse and Refer'' determination 
            described in subparagraph (B)(iii) if the success criteria 
            are met; or
                (ii) issue a ``Discontinue'' determination described in 
            subparagraph (B)(i) if the success criteria are not met.
        (2) Second determination.--
            (A) Systems engineering plan.--The head of the Service 
        Systems Engineering Command that receives a referral from an 
        ``Endorse and Refer'' determination described in paragraph 
        (1)(B)(iii) shall, not later than 30 days after receipt of such 
        referral, formulate a systems engineering plan with the person 
        performing the referred covered transaction, technical experts 
        of the Department of Defense, and any prospective program 
        executive officers.
            (B) Elements.--The systems engineering plan required under 
        subparagraph (A) shall include the following:
                (i) Measurable baseline technical capability, based on 
            meeting the success criteria described in paragraph (1)(A).
                (ii) Measurable transition technical capability, based 
            on the technical needs of the prospective program executive 
            officers to support a current or future program of record.
                (iii) Discrete technical development activities 
            necessary to progress from the baseline technical 
            capability to the transition technical capability, 
            including an approximate cost and schedule, including 
            activities that provide resolution to issues relating to--

                    (I) interfaces;
                    (II) data rights;
                    (III) Federal Government technical requirements;
                    (IV) specific platform technical integration;
                    (V) software development;
                    (VI) component, subsystem, or system prototyping;
                    (VII) scale models;
                    (VIII) technical manuals;
                    (IX) lifecycle sustainment needs; and
                    (X) other needs identified by the relevant program 
                executive officer.

                (iv) Identification and commitment of funding sources 
            to complete the activities under clause (iii).
            (C) Types of determinations.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the end of the schedule required by subparagraph (B)(iii), the 
        head of the Service Systems Engineering Command shall make one 
        of the following determinations:
                (i) A ``Discontinue'' determination, under which such 
            head discontinues support of the covered transaction and 
            provides a rationale for such determination.
                (ii) A ``Retain and Extend'' determination, under which 
            such head ensures continued performance of such covered 
            transaction within the Service Systems Engineering Command 
            and extends the period of performance for a specified 
            period of time in order to--

                    (I) successfully complete the systems engineering 
                plan required under subparagraph (A); and
                    (II) issue specific remedial or additional 
                activities to the person performing the covered 
                transaction.

                (iii) An ``Endorse and Refer'' determination, under 
            which such head endorses the covered transaction and refers 
            it to a program executive officer, based on successful 
            completion of the systems engineering plan required under 
            subparagraph (A).
            (D) Written notice.--A determination made pursuant to 
        subparagraph (C) shall be documented in writing and provided to 
        the person performing the covered transaction to which the 
        determination relates and any prospective program executive 
        officers for such covered transaction.
            (E) Further determination.--If the head of the Service 
        Systems Engineering Command issued a ``Retain and Extend'' 
        determination described in subparagraph (C)(ii), such head 
        shall, at the end of the extension period--
                (i) issue an ``Endorse and Refer'' determination 
            described in subparagraph (C)(iii) if the transition 
            technical capability criteria are met; or
                (ii) issue a ``Discontinue'' determination described in 
            subparagraph (B)(i) if the success criteria are not met.
    (d) Priority for Covered Transaction Selection.--In selecting a 
covered transaction under this section, the Secretary shall prioritize 
those covered transactions that--
        (1) are being initially demonstrated at a covered entity;
        (2) demonstrate a high potential to be further developed by a 
    Service Systems Engineering Command; and
        (3) demonstrate a high potential to be used in a program of the 
    Department of Defense.
    (e) Notifications.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after a covered 
    transaction is entered into pursuant to subsection (a), the 
    Secretary of Defense shall notify the congressional defense 
    committees of such covered transaction.
        (2) Updates.--Not later than 120 days after such a covered 
    transaction is entered into, and every 120 days thereafter until 
    the action specified in subsection (c)(1)(B)(i), (c)(2)(C)(i), or 
    (c)(2)(C)(iii) occurs, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
    written updates to the congressional defense committees on the 
    actions being taken by the Department to comply with the 
    requirements of this section.
    (f) Briefing Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a 
briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives with a detailed plan to implement the 
requirements of this section.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered entity'' means--
            (A) the Defense Innovation Unit;
            (B) the Strategic Capabilities Office; or
            (C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
        (2) The term ``covered transaction'' means a transaction, 
    procurement, or project conducted pursuant to an authority listed 
    in subsection (b).
        (3) The term ``Service Systems Engineering Command'' means the 
    specific Department of Defense command that reports through a chain 
    of command to the head of a military department that specializes in 
    the systems engineering of a system, subsystem, component, or 
    capability area.
    SEC. 824. RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE USE OF OTHER TRANSACTION 
      AUTHORITY.
    (a) Review and Recommendations Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the 
    current use, and the authorities, regulations, and policies related 
    to the use, of other transaction authority under sections 2371 and 
    2371b of title 10, United States Code, and assess the merits of 
    modifying or expanding such authorities with respect to--
            (A) the inclusion in such transactions for the Government 
        and contractors to include force majeure provisions to deal 
        with unforeseen circumstances in execution of the transaction;
            (B) the determination of the traditional or nontraditional 
        status of an entity based on the parent company or majority 
        owner of the entity;
            (C) the determination of the traditional or nontraditional 
        status of an entity based on the status of an entity as a 
        qualified businesses wholly-owned through an Employee Stock 
        Ownership Plan;
            (D) the ability of the Department of Defense to award 
        agreements for prototypes with all of the costs of the 
        prototype project provided by private sector partners of the 
        participant to the transaction for such prototype project, to 
        allow for expedited transition into follow-on production 
        agreements for appropriate technologies;
            (E) the ability of the Department of Defense to award 
        agreements for procurement, including without the need for 
        prototyping;
            (F) the ability of the Department of Defense to award 
        agreements for sustainment of capabilities, including without 
        the need for prototyping;
            (G) the ability of the Department of Defense to award 
        agreements to support the organic industrial base;
            (H) the ability of the Department of Defense to award 
        agreements for prototyping of services or acquisition of 
        services;
            (I) the need for alternative authorities or policies to 
        more effectively and efficiently execute agreements with 
        private sector consortia;
            (J) the ability of the Department of Defense to monitor and 
        report on individual awards made under consortium-based other 
        transactions; and
            (K) other issues as identified by the Secretary.
        (2) Qualified businesses wholly-owned through an employee stock 
    ownership plan defined.--The term ``qualified businesses wholly-
    owned through an Employee Stock Ownership Plan'' means an S 
    corporation (as defined in section 1361(a)(1) of the Internal 
    Revenue Code of 1986) for which 100 percent of the outstanding 
    stock is held through an employee stock ownership plan (as defined 
    in section 4975(e)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code).
    (b) Issues Identified and Recommendations for Changes to Policies 
or Authorities.--In carrying out the review under paragraph (1) of 
subsection (a), with respect to each issue described in subparagraphs 
(A) through (K) of such paragraph, the Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) identify relevant issues and challenges with the use of the 
    authority under section 2371 or 2371b of title 10, United States 
    Code;
        (2) discuss the advantages and disadvantages of modifying or 
    expanding the authority under section 2371 or 2371b of title 10, 
    United States Code, to address issues under paragraph (1);
        (3) identify policy changes that will be made to address issues 
    identified under paragraph (1);
        (4) make recommendations to the congressional defense 
    committees for new or modified statutory authorities to address 
    issues identified under paragraph (1); and
        (5) provide such other information as determined appropriate by 
    the Secretary.
    (c) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
describing activities undertaken pursuant to this section, as well as 
issues identified, policy changes proposed, justifications for such 
proposed policy changes, and recommendations for legislative changes.
    SEC. 825. REPORTING REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
      ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Procedures for Identifying Certain Acquisition Agreements and 
Activities.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish procedures to 
identify organizations performing on individual projects under the 
following types of awards:
        (1) Other transaction agreements pursuant to the authorities 
    under section 2371 and 2371b of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Individual task orders awarded under a task order contract 
    (as defined in section 2304d of title 10, United States Code), 
    including individual task orders issued to a federally funded 
    research and development center.
    (b) For initial agreements covered under subsection (a), the 
procedures required under subsection (a) shall include, but not be 
limited to--
        (1) the participants to the transaction (other than the Federal 
    Government);
        (2) each business selected to perform work under the 
    transaction by a participant to the transaction that is a 
    consortium of private entities;
        (3) the date on which each participant entered into the 
    transaction;
        (4) the amount of the transaction; and
        (5) other related matters the Secretary deems appropriate.
    (c) For follow-on contracts, agreements, or transactions covered 
under subsection (a), the procedures required under subsection (a) 
shall include, but not be limited to--
        (1) identification of the initial covered contract or 
    transaction and each subsequent follow-on contract or transaction;
        (2) the awardee;
        (3) the amount;
        (4) the date awarded; and
        (5) other related matters the Secretary deems appropriate.
    (d) The Administrator of the General Services Administration shall 
update the Federal Procurement Data System (FPDS) within 180 days to 
collect the data required under this section.
    (e) Reporting.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and not less than annually thereafter, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the use of agreements and activities described 
in subsection (a) and associated funding.
    (f) Publication of Information.--Not later than one year after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
procedures to collect information on individual agreements and 
activities described in this section and associated funding in an 
online, public, searchable database, unless the Secretary deems such 
disclosure inappropriate for individual agreements based on national 
security concerns.

       Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Software and Technology

    SEC. 831. TECHNOLOGY PROTECTION FEATURES ACTIVITIES.
    (a) In General.--Section 2357 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Any'';
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary may deem the portion of the costs of the 
contractor described in paragraph (1) with respect to a designated 
system as allowable independent research and development costs under 
the regulations issued under section 2372 of this title if--
        ``(A) the designated system receives Milestone B approval; and
        ``(B) the Secretary determines that doing so would further the 
    purposes of this section.''; and
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4); and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraphs:
        ``(2) The term `independent research and development costs' has 
    the meaning given the term in section 31.205-18 of title 48, Code 
    of Federal Regulations.
        ``(3) The term `Milestone B approval' has the meaning given the 
    term in section 2366(e)(7) of this title.''.
    (b) Conforming Regulations.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise the 
Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
to conform with section 2357 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by subsection (a).
    SEC. 832. MODIFICATION OF ENHANCED TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPED 
      AT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE LABORATORIES.
    Section 801(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 2514 note) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f);
        (2) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following new 
    subsections:
    ``(d) Data Collection.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement a plan to collect and analyze data on the use of authority 
under this section for the purposes of--
        ``(1) developing and sharing best practices; and
        ``(2) providing information to the Secretary of Defense and 
    Congress on the use of authority under this section and related 
    policy issues.
    ``(e) Report.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to 
the congressional defense committees on the activities carried out 
under this section not later than December 31, 2025.''; and
        (3) in subsection (f) (as so redesignated), by striking 
    ``December 31, 2021'' and inserting ``December 31, 2026''.
    SEC. 833. PILOT PROGRAM ON ACQUISITION PRACTICES FOR EMERGING 
      TECHNOLOGIES.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment or the Under 
Secretary's designee, shall establish a pilot program (in this section 
referred to as the ``Pilot Program'') to develop and implement unique 
acquisition mechanisms for emerging technologies in order to increase 
the speed of transition of emerging technologies into acquisition 
programs or into operational use.
    (b) Elements.--In carrying out the Pilot Program, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall--
        (1) identify, and award agreements to, not less than four new 
    projects supporting high-priority defense modernization activities, 
    consistent with the National Defense Strategy, with consideration 
    given to--
            (A) offensive missile capabilities;
            (B) space-based assets;
            (C) personnel and quality of life improvement;
            (D) energy generation and storage; and
            (E) any other area activities the Under Secretary 
        determines appropriate;
        (2) develop a unique acquisition plan for each project 
    identified pursuant to paragraph (1) that is significantly novel 
    from standard Department of Defense acquisition practices, 
    including the use of--
            (A) alternative price evaluation models;
            (B) alternative independent cost estimation methodologies;
            (C) alternative market research methods;
            (D) continuous assessment of performance metrics to measure 
        project value for use in program management and oversight;
            (E) alternative intellectual property strategies, including 
        activities to support modular open system approaches (as 
        defined in section 2446a(b) of title 10, United States Code) 
        and reduce life-cycle and sustainment costs; and
            (F) other alternative practices identified by the Under 
        Secretary;
        (3) execute the acquisition plans described in paragraph (2) 
    and award agreements in an expedited manner; and
        (4) determine if existing authorities are sufficient to carry 
    out the activities described in this subsection and, if not, submit 
    to the congressional defense committees recommendations for 
    statutory reforms that will provide sufficient authority.
    (c) Regulation Waiver.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall establish mechanisms for the Under 
Secretary to waive, upon request, regulations, directives, or policies 
of the Department of Defense, a military service, or a Defense Agency 
with respect to a project awarded an agreement under the Pilot Program 
if the Under Secretary determines that such a waiver furthers the 
purposes of the Pilot Program, unless such waiver would be prohibited 
by a provision of a Federal statute or common law.
    (d) Agreement Termination.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may establish 
    procedures to terminate agreements awarded under the Pilot Program.
        (2) Notification required.--Any procedure established under 
    paragraph (1) shall require that, not later than 30 days prior to 
    the termination of any agreement under such procedure, notice of 
    such termination shall be provided to the congressional defense 
    committees.
    (e) Pilot Program Advisory Group.--
        (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
    and Sustainment shall establish a Pilot Program advisory group to 
    advise the Under Secretary on--
            (A) the selection, management and elements of projects 
        under the Pilot Program;
            (B) the collection of data regarding the use of the Pilot 
        Program; and
            (C) the termination of agreements under the Pilot Program.
        (2) Membership.--
            (A) In general.--The members of the advisory group 
        established under paragraph (1) shall be appointed as follows:
                (i) One member from each military department (as 
            defined under section 101(a) of title 10, United States 
            Code), appointed by the Secretary of the military 
            department concerned.
                (ii) One member appointed by the Under Secretary of 
            Defense for Research and Engineering.
                (iii) One member appointed by the Under Secretary of 
            Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
                (iv) One member appointed by the Director of the 
            Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense.
                (v) One member appointed by the Director of the Defense 
            Advanced Research Projects Agency.
                (vi) One member appointed by the Director of Cost 
            Assessment and Program Evaluation.
                (vii) One member appointed by the Director of 
            Operational Test and Evaluation.
            (B) Deadline for appointment.--Members of the advisory 
        group shall be appointed not later than 30 days after the date 
        of the establishment of the pilot program under subsection (a).
        (3) FACA non-applicability.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act 
    (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the advisory group established 
    under paragraph (1).
    (f) Information to Congress.--
        (1) Briefing requirement.--Not later than 180 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, and not less than annually 
    thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
    congressional defense committees a briefing on activities performed 
    under this section.
        (2) Budget justification materials.--The Secretary shall 
    establish procedures to clearly identify all projects under the 
    Pilot Program in budget justification materials submitted to 
    Congress.
    (g) Data Requirements.--
        (1) Collection and analysis of data.--The Secretary shall 
    establish mechanisms to collect and analyze data on the execution 
    of the Pilot Program for the purpose of--
            (A) developing and sharing best practices for achieving 
        goals established for the Pilot Program;
            (B) providing information to the Secretary and the 
        congressional defense committees on the execution of the Pilot 
        Program; and
            (C) providing information to the Secretary and the 
        congressional defense committees on related policy issues.
        (2) Data strategy required.--The Secretary may not establish 
    the Pilot Program prior to completion of a plan for--
            (A) meeting the requirements of this subsection;
            (B) collecting the data required to carry out an evaluation 
        of the lessons learned from the Pilot Program; and
            (C) conducting such evaluation.
    (h) Termination.--The Pilot Program shall terminate on the earlier 
of--
        (1) the date on which each project identified under subsection 
    (b)(1) has either been completed or has had all agreements awarded 
    to such project under the Pilot Program terminated; or
        (2) the date that is five years after the date of the enactment 
    of this Act.
    SEC. 834. PILOT PROGRAM TO ACCELERATE THE PROCUREMENT AND FIELDING 
      OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES.
    (a) Pilot Program.--Subject to availability of appropriations, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish a competitive, merit-based pilot 
program to accelerate the procurement and fielding of innovative 
technologies by, with respect to such technologies--
        (1) reducing acquisition or life-cycle costs;
        (2) addressing technical risks;
        (3) improving the timeliness and thoroughness of test and 
    evaluation outcomes; and
        (4) rapidly implementing such technologies to directly support 
    defense missions.
    (b) Guidelines.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue guidelines for the 
operation of the pilot program established under this section. At a 
minimum such guidelines shall provide for the following:
        (1) The issuance of one or more solicitations for proposals by 
    the Department of Defense in support of the pilot program, with a 
    priority established for technologies developed by small business 
    concerns (as defined under section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 
    U.S.C. 632)) or nontraditional defense contractors (as defined 
    under section 2302 of title 10, United States Code).
        (2) A process for--
            (A) the review of proposals received in response to a 
        solicitation issued under paragraph (1) by the Secretary of 
        Defense and by each Secretary of a military department;
            (B) the merit-based selection of the most promising cost-
        effective proposals; and
            (C) the procurement of goods or services offered by such a 
        proposal through contracts, cooperative agreements, other 
        transaction authority, or by another appropriate process.
    (c) Maximum Amount.--The total amount of funding provided for any 
proposal selected for an award under the pilot program established 
under this section shall not exceed $50,000,000, unless the Secretary 
(or designee of the Secretary) approves a greater amount of funding.
    (d) Data Collection.--
        (1) Plan required before implementation.--The Secretary of 
    Defense may not provide funding under this section until the date 
    on which the Secretary--
            (A) completes a plan for carrying out the data collection 
        required under paragraph (2); and
            (B) submits the plan to the congressional defense 
        committees.
        (2) Data collection required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
    collect and analyze data on the pilot program established under 
    this section for the purposes of--
            (A) developing and sharing best practices for achieving the 
        objectives of the pilot program;
            (B) providing information on the implementation of the 
        pilot program and related policy issues; and
            (C) reporting to the congressional defense committees as 
        required under subsection (e).
    (e) Biannual Reports.--Not later than March 1 and September 1 of 
each year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act until 
the termination of the pilot program established under this section, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the pilot program.
    (f) Termination.--The authority to carry out a pilot program under 
this section shall terminate on September 30, 2027.
    SEC. 835. INDEPENDENT STUDY ON TECHNICAL DEBT IN SOFTWARE-INTENSIVE 
      SYSTEMS.
    (a) Study Required.--Not later than May 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense shall enter into an agreement with a federally funded research 
and development center to study technical debt in software-intensive 
systems, as determined by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment.
    (b) Study Elements.--The study required under subsection (a) shall 
include analyses and recommendations, including actionable and specific 
guidance and any recommendations for statutory or regulatory 
modifications, on the following:
        (1) Qualitative and quantitative measures which can be used to 
    identify a desired future state for software-intensive systems.
        (2) Qualitative and quantitative measures that can be used to 
    assess technical debt.
        (3) Policies for data access to identify and assess technical 
    debt and best practices for software-intensive systems to make such 
    data appropriately available for use.
        (4) Forms of technical debt which are suitable for objective or 
    subjective analysis.
        (5) Current practices of Department of Defense software-
    intensive systems to track and use data related to technical debt.
        (6) Appropriate individuals or organizations that should be 
    responsible for the identification and assessment of technical 
    debt, including the organization responsible for independent 
    assessments.
        (7) Scenarios, frequency, or program phases during which 
    technical debt should be assessed.
        (8) Best practices to identify, assess, and monitor the 
    accumulating costs technical debt.
        (9) Criteria to support decisions by appropriate officials on 
    whether to incur, carry, or reduce technical debt.
        (10) Practices for the Department of Defense to incrementally 
    adopt to initiate practices for managing or reducing technical 
    debt.
    (c) Access to Data and Records.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that the federally funded research and development center 
selected under subsection (a) has sufficient resources and access to 
technical data, individuals, organizations, and records necessary to 
complete the study required under this section.
    (d) Report Required.--Not later than 18 months after entering the 
agreement described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the study required 
under subsection (b), along with any additional information and views 
as desired in publicly releasable and unclassified forms. The Secretary 
may also include a classified annex to the study as necessary.
    (e) Briefings Required.--
        (1) Initial briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2022, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall provide a briefing to the congressional 
    defense committees on activities undertaken and planned to conduct 
    the study required by subsection (a), including any barriers to 
    conducting such activities and the resources to be provided to 
    conduct such activities.
        (2) Interim briefing required.--Not later than 12 months after 
    entering into the agreement under subsection (a), the Secretary of 
    Defense shall provide a briefing to the congressional defense 
    committees on interim analyses and recommendations described in 
    subsection (b) including those that could require modifications to 
    guidance, regulations, or statute.
        (3) Final briefing required.--Not later than 60 days after the 
    date on which the report required by subsection (d) is submitted, 
    the Secretary of Defense shall brief the congressional defense 
    committees on a plan and schedule for implementing the 
    recommendations provided in the report.
    (f) Technical Debt Defined.--In this section, the term ``technical 
debt'' means an element of design or implementation that is expedient 
in the short term, but that would result in a technical context that 
can make a future change costlier or impossible.
    SEC. 836. CADRE OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AND ACQUISITION EXPERTS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2023, the Secretary of 
Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment, shall establish a cadre of personnel who are experts 
in software development, acquisition, and sustainment to improve the 
effectiveness of software development, acquisition, and sustainment 
programs or activities of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Structure.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment--
        (1) shall ensure the cadre has the appropriate number of 
    members;
        (2) shall establish an appropriate leadership structure and 
    office within which the cadre shall be managed; and
        (3) shall determine the appropriate officials to whom members 
    of the cadre shall report.
    (c) Assignment.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment shall establish processes to assign members of the cadre to 
provide--
        (1) expertise on matters relating to software development, 
    acquisition, and sustainment; and
        (2) support for appropriate programs or activities of the 
    Department of Defense.
    (d) Administration.--
        (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
    and Sustainment, in coordination with the President of the Defense 
    Acquisition University and in consultation with academia and 
    industry, shall develop a career path, including development 
    opportunities, exchanges, talent management programs, and training, 
    for the cadre. The Under Secretary may use existing personnel and 
    acquisition authorities to establish the cadre, as appropriate, 
    including--
            (A) section 9903 of title 5, United States Code;
            (B) authorities relating to services contracting;
            (C) the Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 
        4701 et seq.); and
            (D) authorities relating to exchange programs with 
        industry.
        (2) Assignments.--Civilian personnel from within the Office of 
    the Secretary of Defense, Joint Staff, military departments, 
    Defense Agencies, and combatant commands may be assigned to serve 
    as members of the cadre.
        (3) Preference.--In establishing the cadre, the Under Secretary 
    shall give preference to civilian employees of the Department of 
    Defense.
    (e) Support of Members of the Armed Forces.--The Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall continue to support 
efforts of the Secretaries concerned to place members of the Armed 
Forces in software development, acquisition, and sustainment positions 
and develop software competence in members of the Armed Forces, 
including those members with significant technical skill sets and 
experience but who lack formal education, training, or a technology-
focused military occupation specialty.
    (f) Funding.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment is authorized to use amounts in the Defense Acquisition 
Workforce Development Account (established under section 1705 of title 
10, United States Code) for the purpose of recruitment, training, and 
retention of members of the cadre, including by using such amounts to 
pay salaries of newly hired members of the cadre for up to three years.
    (g) Compliance.--In carrying out this section, the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall ensure compliance with 
applicable total force management policies, requirements, and 
restrictions provided in sections 129a, 2329, and 2461 of title 10, 
United States Code.

        Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Supply Chain Security

    SEC. 841. MODERNIZATION OF ACQUISITION PROCESSES TO ENSURE 
      INTEGRITY OF INDUSTRIAL BASE.
    Section 2509 of title 10, United States Code is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``existing''; and
            (B) by striking ``across the acquisition process'' and all 
        that follows through ``in the Department'';
        (2) by striking subsections (f) and (g);
        (3) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as subsections 
    (c) through (f), respectively;
        (4) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(b) Objective.--The objective of subsection (a) shall be to 
employ digital tools, technologies, and approaches to ensure the 
accessibility of relevant defense industrial base data to key decision-
makers in the Department.'';
        (5) in subsection (c), as so redesignated--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by adding ``in implementing 
        subsections (a) and (b)'' before the period at the end; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A)(viii), by inserting ``by the 
            Secretary of Defense'' before the period at the end; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

                    (I) in the text preceding clause (i), by striking 
                ``constitute'' and inserting ``constitutes or may 
                constitute'' ; and
                    (II) in clause (vii), by inserting ``by the 
                Secretary of Defense'' before the period at the end;

        (6) in subsection (d)(11), as so redesignated, by adding ``as 
    deemed appropriate by the Secretary'' before the period at the end; 
    and
        (7) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``timely''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

                    (I) by striking clause (ii) and inserting the 
                following new clause:

        ``(ii) A description of modern data infrastructure, tools, and 
    applications and an assessment of the extent to which new 
    capabilities would improve the effectiveness and efficiency of 
    mitigating the risks described in subsection (c)(2).''; and

                    (II) in clause (iii), by inserting ``, including 
                the following'' after ``provides data''; and

            (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
        ``(2)(A) Based on the findings pursuant to paragraph (1), the 
    Secretary of Defense shall develop a unified set of activities to 
    modernize the systems of record, data sources and collection 
    methods, and data exposure mechanisms. The unified set of 
    activities should include--
            ``(i) the ability to continuously collect data on, assess, 
        and mitigate risks;
            ``(ii) data analytics and business intelligence tools and 
        methods; and
            ``(iii) continuous development and continuous delivery of 
        secure software to implement the activities.
        ``(B) In connection with the assessments described in this 
    section, the Secretary shall develop capabilities to map supply 
    chains and to assess risks to the supply chain for major end items 
    by business sector, vendor, program, part, and other metrics as 
    determined by the Secretary.''.
    SEC. 842. MODIFICATION TO ANALYSES OF CERTAIN ACTIVITIES FOR ACTION 
      TO ADDRESS SOURCING AND INDUSTRIAL CAPACITY.
    Section 849 of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Not later than January 
        15, 2022,'' and inserting ``With respect to items listed in 
        paragraphs (1) through (13) of subsection (c), not later than 
        January 15, 2022, and with respect to items listed in 
        paragraphs (14) through (19) of such subsection, not later than 
        January 15, 2023,''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and 
            inserting ``With respect to items listed in paragraphs (1) 
            through (13) of subsection (c), during the 2022 calendar 
            year, and with respect to items listed in paragraphs (14) 
            through (19) of such subsection, during the 2023 calendar 
            year''; and
                (ii) by striking ``submitted during the 2022 calendar 
            year''; and
        (2) in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(14) Beef products.
        ``(15) Molybdenum and molybdenum alloys.
        ``(16) Optical transmission equipment, including optical fiber 
    and cable equipment.
        ``(17) Armor on tactical ground vehicles.
        ``(18) Graphite processing.
        ``(19) Advanced AC-DC power converters.''.
    SEC. 843. ASSURING INTEGRITY OF OVERSEAS FUEL SUPPLIES.
    (a) In General.--Before awarding a contract to an offeror for the 
supply of fuel for any overseas contingency operation, the Secretary of 
Defense shall--
        (1) ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that no 
    otherwise responsible offeror is disqualified for such award on the 
    basis of an unsupported denial of access to a facility or equipment 
    by the host nation government; and
        (2) require assurances that the offeror will comply with the 
    requirements of subsections (b) and (c).
    (b) Requirement.--An offeror for the supply of fuel for any 
overseas contingency operation shall--
        (1) certify that the provided fuel, in whole or in part, or 
    derivatives of such fuel, is not sourced from a nation or region 
    prohibited from selling petroleum to the United States; and
        (2) furnish such records as are necessary to verify compliance 
    with such anticorruption statutes and regulations as the Secretary 
    determines necessary, including--
            (A) the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (15 U.S.C. 78dd-1 et 
        seq.);
            (B) the regulations contained in parts 120 through 130 of 
        title 22, Code of Federal Regulations, or successor regulations 
        (commonly known as the ``International Traffic in Arms 
        Regulations'');
            (C) the regulations contained in parts 730 through 774 of 
        title 15, Code of Federal Regulations, or successor regulations 
        (commonly known as the ``Export Administration Regulations''); 
        and
            (D) such regulations as may be promulgated by the Office of 
        Foreign Assets Control of the Department of the Treasury.
    (c) Applicability.--Subsections (a) and (b) of this section shall 
apply with respect to contracts entered into on or after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.
    (d) Consideration of Tradeoff Processes.--If the Secretary of 
Defense awards a contract for fuel procurement for an overseas 
contingency operation, the contracting officer for such contract shall 
consider tradeoff processes (as described in subpart 15 of the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation, or any successor regulation), including 
consideration of past performance evaluation, cost, anticorruption 
training, and compliance. With respect to any such contract awarded for 
which the contracting officer does not consider tradeoff processes, the 
contracting officer shall, before issuing a solicitation for such 
contract, submit to the Secretary a written justification for not 
considering tradeoff processes in awarding such contract.
    SEC. 844. ASSESSMENT OF REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN ITEMS TO ADDRESS 
      SUPPLY CHAIN VULNERABILITIES.
    (a) Definitions.--In this section, the term ``dual-use'' has the 
meaning given in section 2500 of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall assess the 
requirements of the Department of Defense for dual-use items covered by 
section 2533a of title 10, United States Code.
    (c) Policies.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop or revise and 
implement relevant policies to track and reduce fluctuations in supply 
chain forecasting and encourage predictable demand requirements for 
annual procurements of such dual-use items by the Office the Secretary 
of Defense, each military department, and the Defense Logistics Agency.
    (d) Report and Briefings.--
        (1) Assessment report.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the findings of the assessment conducted 
        under subsection (b).
            (B) Form.--The report required by subparagraph (A) shall be 
        submitted in an unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex to the extent required to protect the national security 
        of the United States.
        (2) Quarterly briefings.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2023, and 
        quarterly thereafter until March 1, 2026, each Secretary of a 
        military department and the Director of the Defense Logistics 
        Agency shall brief the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment on the fluctuations in supply chain 
        forecasting and demand requirements for each dual-use item 
        covered by section 2533a of title 10, United States Code.
            (B) Documentation.--Each briefing under subparagraph (A) 
        shall be accompanied by documentation regarding the particular 
        points of discussion for that briefing, including the 
        fluctuations described in such subparagraph, expressed as a 
        percentage.
    SEC. 845. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
      PRIORITIES.
    The Secretary of Defense shall cooperate with the Secretary of 
Energy to ensure that the priorities of the Department of Defense with 
respect to the research and development of alternative technologies to, 
and methods for the extraction, processing, and recycling of, critical 
minerals (as defined in section 2(b) of the National Materials and 
Minerals Policy, Research, and Development Act of 1980 (30 U.S.C. 
1601(b))) are considered and included where feasible in the associated 
research and development activities funded by the Secretary of Energy 
pursuant to the program established under paragraph (g) of section 7002 
of division Z of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (Public Law 
116-260).
    SEC. 846. REPORT ON THE MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING EDUCATION 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2023, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in coordination 
with the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
Manufacturing Engineering Education Program established under section 
2196 of title 10, United States Code (referred to in this section as 
the ``Program'').
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements for the Program:
        (1) A summary of activities conducted, and grants or awards 
    made, during the previous fiscal year.
        (2) The extent to which the Program can be modified to improve 
    collaboration among institutions of higher education, career and 
    technical education programs, workforce development boards, labor 
    organizations, and organizations representing defense industrial 
    base contractors to focus on career pathways for individuals 
    seeking careers in manufacturing.
        (3) An assessment of the benefits and costs of enhancing or 
    expanding the Program to include individuals attending secondary 
    schools and career and technical education programs not considered 
    institutions of higher education.
        (4) Recommendations for legislative changes or other incentives 
    that could improve career pathways for individuals seeking careers 
    in manufacturing, particularly in support of the defense industrial 
    base.
        (5) Other related matters the Secretary deems appropriate.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``career and technical education'' has the meaning 
    given such term in section 3 of the Carl D. Perkins Career and 
    Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2302).
        (2) The term ``defense industrial base contractor'' means a 
    prime contractor or subcontractor (at any tier) in the defense 
    industrial base.
        (3) The term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
    meaning given such term in section 1001 of title 20, United States 
    Code.
        (4) The term ``labor organization'' has the meaning given such 
    term in section 2 of the National Labor Relations Act (29 14 U.S.C. 
    152).
        (5) The term ``workforce development board'' means a State 
    board or a local board, as such terms are defined in section 3 of 
    the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102).
    SEC. 847. PLAN AND REPORT ON REDUCTION OF RELIANCE ON SERVICES, 
      SUPPLIES, OR MATERIALS FROM COVERED COUNTRIES.
    (a) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretary of State, shall develop and implement a plan to--
        (1) reduce the reliance of the United States on services, 
    supplies, or materials obtained from sources located in geographic 
    areas controlled by covered countries; and
        (2) mitigate the risks to national security and the defense 
    supply chain arising from the reliance of the United States on such 
    sources for services, supplies, or materials to meet critical 
    defense requirements.
    (b) Report.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report describing the plan required 
under subsection (a).
    (c) Covered Country Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
country'' means North Korea, China, Russia, and Iran.
    SEC. 848. PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN PROCUREMENTS FROM THE XINJIANG 
      UYGHUR AUTONOMOUS REGION.
    (a) Prohibition on the Availability of Funds for Certain 
Procurements From XUAR.--None of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2022 for the Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to 
knowingly procure any products mined, produced, or manufactured wholly 
or in part by forced labor from XUAR or from an entity that has used 
labor from within or transferred from XUAR as part of a ``poverty 
alleviation'' or ``pairing assistance'' program.
    (b) Rulemaking.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue rules to 
require a certification from offerors for contracts with the Department 
of Defense stating the offeror has made a good faith effort to 
determine that forced labor from XUAR, as described in subsection (a), 
was not or will not be used in the performance of such contract.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``forced labor'' means all work or service which 
    is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty for its 
    nonperformance and for which the worker does not offer himself 
    voluntarily.
        (2) The term ``person'' means--
            (A) a natural person, corporation, company, business 
        association, partnership, society, trust, or any other 
        nongovernmental entity, organization, or group; or
            (B) any successor, subunit, parent entity, or subsidiary 
        of, or any entity under common ownership or control with, any 
        entity described in subparagraph (A).
        (3) The term ``XUAR'' means the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous 
    Region of the People's Republic of China.

                  Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

    SEC. 851. MODIFICATIONS TO PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ACQUISITION 
      RESTRICTIONS.
    (a) In General.--Section 2533d of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``January 1, 2023'' and 
        inserting ``the date determined under paragraph (3)''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) Paragraph (1) shall take effect on January 1, 2027.'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
            inserting ``specified type of'' after ``means any'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(as such terms 
            are defined under sections 103 and 103a of title 41, 
            respectively)''; and
                (iii) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
            ``(B) is a component of--
                ``(i) a defense security system; or
                ``(ii) a system, other than a defense security system, 
            that transmits or stores information and which the 
            Secretary identifies as national security sensitive in the 
            contract under which such printed circuit board is 
            acquired.''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(4) Commercial product; commercial service; commercially 
    available off-the shelf item.--The terms `commercial product', 
    `commercial service', and `commercially available off-the-shelf 
    item' have the meanings given such terms in sections 103, 103a, and 
    104 of title 41, respectively.
        ``(5) Defense security system.--
            ``(A) The term `defense security system' means an 
        information system (including a telecommunications system) used 
        or operated by the Department of Defense, by a contractor of 
        the Department, or by another organization on behalf of the 
        Department, the function, operation, or use of which--
                ``(i) involves command and control of an armed force;
                ``(ii) involves equipment that is an integral part of a 
            weapon or weapon system; or
                ``(iii) subject to subparagraph (B), is critical to the 
            direct fulfillment of military missions.
            ``(B) Subparagraph (A)(iii) does not include a system that 
        is to be used for routine administrative and business 
        applications (including payroll, finance, logistics, and 
        personnel management applications).
        ``(6) Specified type.--The term `specified type' means a 
    printed circuit board that is--
            ``(A) a component of an electronic device that facilitates 
        the routing, connecting, transmitting or securing of data and 
        is commonly connected to a network, and
            ``(B) any other end item, good, or product specified by the 
        Secretary in accordance with subsection (d)(2).''; and
        (3) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:
    ``(d) Rulemaking.--
        ``(1) The Secretary may issue rules providing that subsection 
    (a) may not apply with respect to an acquisition of commercial 
    products, commercial services, and commercially available off-the-
    shelf items if--
            ``(A) the contractor is capable of meeting minimum 
        requirements that the Secretary deems necessary to provide for 
        the security of national security networks and weapon systems; 
        including, at a minimum, compliance with section 224 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public 
        Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note); and
            ``(B) either--
                ``(i) the Government and the contractor have agreed to 
            a contract requiring the contractor to take certain actions 
            to ensure the integrity and security of the item, including 
            protecting the item from unauthorized access, use, 
            disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction; or
                ``(ii) the Secretary has determined that the contractor 
            has adopted such procedures, tools, and methods for 
            identifying the sources of components of such item, based 
            on commercial best practices, that meet or exceed the 
            applicable trusted supply chain and operational security 
            standards of the Department of Defense.
        ``(2) The Secretary may issue rules specifying end items, 
    goods, and products for which a printed circuit board that is a 
    component thereof shall be a specified type if the Secretary has 
    promulgated final regulations, after an opportunity for notice and 
    comment that is not less than 12 months, implementing this section.
        ``(3) In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall, to the 
    maximum extent practicable, avoid imposing contractual 
    certification requirements with respect to the acquisition of 
    commercial products, commercial services, or commercially available 
    off-the-shelf items.''.
    (b) Modification of Independent Assessment of Printed Circuit 
Boards.--Section 841(d) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``the date of enactment of this Act'' and 
        inserting ``the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022'';
            (B) by striking ``shall seek to enter'' and inserting 
        ``shall enter'';
            (C) by striking ``to include printed circuit boards in 
        commercial products or services, or in'' and inserting ``to 
        include printed circuit boards in other commercial or''; and
            (D) by striking ``the scope of mission critical'' and all 
        that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
        ``types of systems, other than defense security systems (as 
        defined in section 2533d(c) of title 10, United States Code), 
        that should be subject to the prohibition in section 2533d(a) 
        of title 10, United States Code.'';
        (2) in the heading for paragraph (2), by striking ``department 
    of defense'' and inserting ``Department of defense'';
        (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``one year after entering 
    into the contract described in paragraph (1)'' and inserting 
    ``January 1, 2023'';
        (4) in the heading for paragraph (3), by striking ``congress'' 
    and inserting ``Congress''; and
        (5) in paragraph (3), by inserting after ``the recommendations 
    of the report.'' the following: ``The Secretary shall use the 
    report to determine whether any systems, other than defense 
    security systems (as defined in section 2533d(c) of title 10, 
    United States Code), or other types of printed circuit boards 
    should be subject to the prohibition in section 2533d(a) of title 
    10, United States Code.''.
    SEC. 852. MODIFICATION OF PILOT PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPMENT OF 
      TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED CAPABILITIES WITH PARTNERSHIP INTERMEDIARIES.
    Section 851 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1510; 10 U.S.C. 2283 note) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``SEC. 851. PILOT PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED 
      CAPABILITIES WITH PARTNERSHIP INTERMEDIARIES.
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may authorize the 
Commander of the United States Special Operations Command to use funds 
described in subsection (b) for a pilot program under which the 
Commander shall make, through the use of a partnership intermediary, 
covered awards to small business concerns to develop technology-
enhanced capabilities for special operations forces.
    ``(b) Funds.--
        ``(1) In general.--The funds described in this subsection are 
    funds transferred to the Commander of the United States Special 
    Operations Command to carry out the pilot program established under 
    this section from funds available to be expended by each covered 
    entity pursuant to section 9(f) of the Small Business Act (15 
    U.S.C. 638(f)).
        ``(2) Limitations.--
            ``(A) Fiscal year.--A covered entity may not transfer to 
        the Commander an amount greater than 10 percent of the funds 
        available to be expended by such covered entity pursuant to 
        such section 9(f) for a fiscal year.
            ``(B) Aggregate amount.--The aggregate amount of funds to 
        be transferred to the Commander may not exceed $20,000,000.
    ``(c) Partnership Intermediaries.--
        ``(1) Authorization.--The Commander may modify an existing 
    agreement with a partnership intermediary to assist the Commander 
    in carrying out the pilot program under this section, including 
    with respect to the award of contracts and agreements to small 
    business concerns.
        ``(2) Limitation.--None of the funds described in subsection 
    (b) may be used to pay a partnership intermediary for any costs 
    associated with the pilot program.
        ``(3) Data.--With respect to a covered award made under this 
    section, the Commander shall gather data on the role of the 
    partnership intermediary to include the--
            ``(A) staffing structure;
            ``(B) funding sources; and
            ``(C) methods for identifying and evaluating small business 
        concerns eligible for a covered award.
    ``(d) Report.--
        ``(1) Annual report.--Not later than October 1 of each year 
    until October 1, 2026, the Commander of the United States Special 
    Operations Command, in coordination with the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Research and Engineering, shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees, the Committee on Small Business 
    of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Small 
    Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate a report including--
            ``(A) a description of each agreement with a partnership 
        intermediary entered into pursuant to this section;
            ``(B) for each covered award made under this section--
                ``(i) a description of the role served by the 
            partnership intermediary;
                ``(ii) the amount of funds obligated;
                ``(iii) an identification of the small business concern 
            that received such covered award;
                ``(iv) a description of the use of such covered award;
                ``(v) a description of the role served by the program 
            manager (as defined in section 1737 of title 10, United 
            States Code) of the covered entity with respect to the 
            small business concern that received such covered award, 
            including a description of interactions and the process of 
            the program manager in producing a past performance 
            evaluation of such concern; and
                ``(vi) the benefits achieved as a result of the use of 
            a partnership intermediary for the pilot program 
            established under this section as compared to previous 
            efforts of the Commander to increase participation by small 
            business concerns in the development of technology-enhanced 
            capabilities for special operations forces; and
            ``(C) a plan detailing how each covered entity will apply 
        lessons learned from the pilot program to improve processes for 
        directly working with and supporting small business concerns to 
        develop technology-enhanced capabilities for special operations 
        forces.
        ``(2) Final report.--The final report required under this 
    subsection shall include, along with the requirements of paragraph 
    (1), a recommendation regarding--
            ``(A) whether and for how long the pilot program 
        established under this section should be extended; and
            ``(B) whether to increase funding for the pilot program, 
        including a justification for such an increase.
    ``(e) Termination.--The authority to carry out a pilot program 
under this section shall terminate on September 30, 2025.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `covered award' means an award made under the 
    Small Business Innovation Research Program.
        ``(2) The term `covered entity' means--
            ``(A) the Army;
            ``(B) the Navy;
            ``(C) the Air Force;
            ``(D) the Marine Corps;
            ``(E) the Space Force; and
            ``(F) any element of the Department of Defense that makes 
        awards under the Small Business Innovation Research Program.
        ``(3) The term `partnership intermediary' has the meaning given 
    the term in section 23(c) of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
    Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3715(c)).
        ``(4) The term `small business concern' has the meaning given 
    the term under section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
        ``(5) The term `Small Business Innovation Research Program' has 
    the meaning given the term in section 9(e) of the Small Business 
    Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e)).
        ``(6) The term `technology-enhanced capability' means a 
    product, concept, or process that improves the ability of a member 
    of the Armed Forces to achieve an assigned mission.''.
    SEC. 853. ADDITIONAL TESTING OF COMMERCIAL E-COMMERCE PORTAL 
      MODELS.
    Section 846(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (41 U.S.C. 1901 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraphs:
        ``(5) Additional testing.--Not later than 180 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this paragraph, the Administrator shall--
            ``(A) begin testing commercial e-commerce portal models 
        (other than any such model selected for the initial proof of 
        concept) identified pursuant to paragraph (2); and
            ``(B) submit to the congressional defense committees, the 
        Committee on Oversight and Reform of the House of 
        Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report that includes--
                ``(i) a summary of the assessments conducted under 
            paragraph (2) with respect to a commercial e-commerce 
            portal model identified pursuant to such paragraph;
                ``(ii) a list of the types of commercial products that 
            could be procured using models tested pursuant to 
            subparagraph (A);
                ``(iii) an estimate of the amount that could be spent 
            by the head of a department or agency under the program, 
            disaggregated by type of commercial e-commerce portal 
            model; and
                ``(iv) an update on the models tested pursuant to 
            subparagraph (A) and a timeline for completion of such 
            testing.
        ``(6) Report.--Upon completion of testing conducted under 
    paragraph (5) and before taking any action with respect to the 
    commercial e-commerce portal models tested, the Administrator of 
    General Services shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees, the Committee on Oversight and Reform of the House of 
    Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
    Governmental Affairs of the Senate, a report on the results of such 
    testing that includes--
            ``(A) an assessment and comparison of commercial e-commerce 
        portal models with respect to--
                ``(i) price and quality of the commercial products 
            supplied by each commercial e-commerce portal model;
                ``(ii) supplier reliability and service;
                ``(iii) safeguards for the security of Government 
            information and third-party supplier proprietary 
            information;
                ``(iv) protections against counterfeit commercial 
            products;
                ``(v) supply chain risks, particularly with respect to 
            complex commercial products; and
                ``(vi) overall adherence to Federal procurement rules 
            and policies; and
            ``(B) an analysis of the costs and benefits of the 
        convenience to the Federal Government of procuring commercial 
        products from each such commercial e-commerce portal model.''.
    SEC. 854. REQUIREMENT FOR INDUSTRY DAYS AND REQUESTS FOR 
      INFORMATION TO BE OPEN TO ALLIED DEFENSE CONTRACTORS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, each service acquisition executive shall 
implement a requirement that industry days and requests for information 
regarding acquisition programs and research and development efforts of 
the Department of Defense shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be 
open to defense contractors of the national technology and industrial 
base, including when such contractors are acting as subcontractors in 
partnership with a United States contractor, provided such access is 
granted only if the Secretary of Defense or the relevant Secretary 
concerned determines that there is reciprocal access for United States 
companies to equivalent information related to contracting 
opportunities in the associated country that is part of the national 
technology and industrial base.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) National technology and industrial base.--The term 
    ``national technology and industrial base'' has the meaning given 
    the term in section 2500 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Secretary concerned; service acquisition executive.--The 
    terms ``Secretary concerned'' and ``service acquisition executive'' 
    have the meanings given such terms in section 101(a) of title 10, 
    United States Code.
    SEC. 855. EMPLOYMENT TRANSPARENCY REGARDING INDIVIDUALS WHO PERFORM 
      WORK IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.
    (a) Disclosure Requirements.--
        (1) Initial disclosures.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
    require each covered entity to disclose to the Secretary of Defense 
    if the entity employs one or more individuals who will perform work 
    in the People's Republic of China on a covered contract when the 
    entity submits a bid or proposal for such covered contract, except 
    that such disclosure shall not be required to the extent that the 
    Secretary determines that such disclosure would not be in the 
    interest of national security.
        (2) Recurring disclosures.--For each of fiscal years 2023 and 
    2024, the Secretary of Defense shall require each covered entity 
    that is a party to one or more covered contracts in the fiscal year 
    to disclose to the Secretary if the entity employs one or more 
    individuals who perform work in the People's Republic of China on 
    any such contract.
        (3) Matters to be included.--If a covered entity required to 
    make a disclosure under paragraph (1) or (2) employs any individual 
    who will perform work in the People's Republic of China on a 
    covered contract, such disclosure shall include--
            (A) the total number of such individuals who will perform 
        work in the People's Republic of China on the covered contracts 
        funded by the Department of Defense; and
            (B) a description of the physical presence in the People's 
        Republic of China where work on the covered contract will be 
        performed.
    (b) Funding for Covered Entities.--The Secretary of Defense may not 
award a covered contract to, or renew a covered contract with, a 
covered entity unless such covered entity has submitted each disclosure 
such covered entity is required to submit under subsection (a).
    (c) Semi-annual Briefing.--Beginning on January 1, 2023, the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional defense 
committees semi-annual briefings that summarize the disclosures 
received by the Department over the previous 180 days pursuant to this 
section, and such briefings may be classified.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Covered contract.--The term ``covered contract'' means any 
    Department of Defense contract or subcontract with a value in 
    excess of $5,000,000, excluding contracts for commercial products 
    or services.
        (2) Covered entity.--The term ``covered entity'' means any 
    corporation, company, limited liability company, limited 
    partnership, business trust, business association, or other similar 
    entity, including any subsidiary thereof, performing work on a 
    covered contract in the People's Republic of China, including by 
    leasing or owning real property used in the performance of the 
    covered contract in the People's Republic of China.
    (e) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on July 1, 
2022.
    SEC. 856. BRIEFING ON COMPLIANCE WITH CONTRACTOR LOBBYING 
      RESTRICTIONS.
    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
congressional defense committees with a briefing on the progress of the 
Department in ensuring compliance with the requirements of section 1045 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (10 
U.S.C. 971 note prec; Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 155).
    (b) Elements.--The briefing required in paragraph (a) shall 
include--
        (1) the number, title, and status of any open Defense Federal 
    Acquisition Regulation Supplement case relating to such section;
        (2) the timeline for closing any such Defense Federal 
    Acquisition Regulation Supplement case; and
        (3) other related matters the Secretary deems appropriate.
    SEC. 857. CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHT OF PERSONNEL AND CONTRACTS OF 
      PRIVATE SECURITY CONTRACTORS.
    (a) Report on Actions Taken to Implement Government Accountability 
Office Recommendations.--Not later than October 1, 2022, the Secretary 
of Defense, in consultation with each Secretary of a military 
department (as defined in section 101 of title 10, United States Code), 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
efforts and plans of the Department of Defense to implement the 
recommendations contained in the report of the Government 
Accountability Office titled ``Private Security Contractors: DOD Needs 
to Better Identify and Monitor Personnel and Contracts'' (GAO-21-255), 
dated July 29, 2021.
    (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include--
        (1) a summary of the actions planned or taken by the Secretary 
    of Defense to implement the recommendations in the report of the 
    Government Accountability Office described in such subsection; and
        (2) a schedule for completing the implementation of each such 
    recommendation, including specific milestones for such 
    implementation.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.

                   Subtitle G--Small Business Matters

    SEC. 861. EXEMPTION OF CERTAIN CONTRACTS FROM THE PERIODIC 
      INFLATION ADJUSTMENTS TO THE ACQUISITION-RELATED DOLLAR 
      THRESHOLD.
    (a) In General.--Section 1908(b)(2) of title 41, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``or'' at the end;
        (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; or''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) in sections 3131 through 3134 of title 40, except any 
        modification of any such dollar threshold made by regulation in 
        effect on the date of the enactment of this subparagraph shall 
        remain in effect.''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Section 1908(d) of such title is amended 
by striking the period at the end.
    SEC. 862. MODIFICATION TO THE PILOT PROGRAM FOR STREAMLINING AWARDS 
      FOR INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY PROJECTS.
    (a) Extension.--Subsection (f) of section 873 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 
U.S.C. 2306a note) is amended by striking ``October 1, 2022'' and 
inserting ``October 1, 2024''.
    (b) Data Collection.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement a plan to collect and analyze data on the use of authority 
under such section 873 for the purposes of--
        (1) developing and sharing best practices; and
        (2) providing information to the Secretary of Defense and 
    Congress on the use of authority under such section 873 and related 
    policy issues.
    (c) Recommendation on Extension.--Not later than April 1, 2023, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a recommendation regarding a further extension of the pilot 
program for streamlining awards for innovative technology projects 
established under such section 873, and if applicable, the duration of 
any such extension.
    SEC. 863. PROTESTS AND APPEALS RELATING TO ELIGIBILITY OF BUSINESS 
      CONCERNS.
    Section 5(i) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 634(i)) is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(4) Determinations regarding status of concerns.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not later than 2 days after the date on 
        which a final determination that a business concern does not 
        meet the requirements of the status such concern claims to hold 
        is made, such concern or the Administrator, as applicable, 
        shall update the status of such concern in the System for Award 
        Management (or any successor system).
            ``(B) Administrator updates.--If such concern fails to 
        update the status of such concern as described in subparagraph 
        (A), not later than 2 days after such failure the Administrator 
        shall make such update.
            ``(C) Notification.--A concern required to make an update 
        described under subparagraph (A) shall notify a contracting 
        officer for each contract with respect to which such concern 
        has an offer or bid pending of the determination made under 
        subparagraph (A), if the concern finds, in good faith, that 
        such determination affects the eligibility of the concern to 
        perform such a contract.''.
    SEC. 864. AUTHORITY FOR THE OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS TO 
      DECIDE APPEALS RELATING TO QUALIFIED HUBZONE SMALL BUSINESS 
      CONCERNS.
    Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Administrator of the Small Business Administration shall issue a 
rule authorizing the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the 
Administration to decide all appeals from formal protest determinations 
in connection with the status of a concern as a qualified HUBZone small 
business concern (as such term is defined in section 31(b) of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 657a(b)).
    SEC. 865. REPORT ON UNFUNDED PRIORITIES OF THE SMALL BUSINESS 
      INNOVATION RESEARCH AND SMALL BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 10 days after the date on which the 
budget of the President for fiscal years 2022 through 2032 is submitted 
to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, 
each Secretary of a military department and the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering shall submit to the Secretary of 
Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the 
congressional defense committees a report on unfunded priorities of the 
Department of Defense related to high-priority Small Business 
Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer projects.
    (b) Elements.--
        (1) In general.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include 
    identification of not more than five unfunded priority projects and 
    the following information for each such unfunded priority project:
            (A) A summary description of the unfunded priority project, 
        including the objectives to be achieved if such project were to 
        be funded (either in whole or in part).
            (B) The additional amount of funds recommended to achieve 
        the objectives identified under subparagraph (A).
            (C) Account information with respect to such unfunded 
        priority project, including, as applicable, the following:
                (i) Line item number, in the case of applicable 
            procurement accounts.
                (ii) Program element number, in the case of applicable 
            research, development, test, and evaluation accounts.
                (iii) Subactivity group, in the case of applicable 
            operation and maintenance accounts.
        (2) Priority.--Each Secretary of a military department and the 
    Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall 
    ensure that the unfunded priorities covered by a report submitted 
    under subsection (a) are listed in the order of urgency of 
    priority.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Unfunded priority.--The term ``unfunded priority'', with 
    respect to a fiscal year, means a specific project related to a 
    project successfully funded under Phase II of the Small Business 
    Innovation Research or Small Business Technology Transfer program 
    that--
            (A) is not funded in the budget of the President for that 
        fiscal year, as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 
        of title 31, United States Code;
            (B) has the potential to--
                (i) advance the national security capabilities of the 
            United States;
                (ii) provide new technologies or processes, or new 
            applications of existing technologies or processes, that 
            will enable new alternatives to existing programs; and
                (iii) provide future cost savings; and
            (C) would have been recommended for funding through the 
        budget referred to in subparagraph (A) if--
                (i) additional resources had been available to fund the 
            program, activity, or mission requirement to which the 
            specific project relates; or
                (ii) the program, activity, or mission requirement for 
            such specific project had emerged before the budget was 
            formulated.
        (2) Phase ii; small business innovation research; small 
    business technology transfer.--The terms ``Phase II'', ``Small 
    Business Innovation Research'', and ``Small Business Technology 
    Transfer'' have the meanings given such terms, respectively, in 
    section 9(e) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e)).
    SEC. 866. REPORT ON CYBERSECURITY MATURITY MODEL CERTIFICATION 
      EFFECTS ON SMALL BUSINESS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees, the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the 
Senate, and the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
Representatives a report on the effects of the Cybersecurity Maturity 
Model Certification framework of the Department of Defense on small 
business concerns (as defined under section 3 of the Small Business Act 
(15 U.S.C. 632), including--
        (1) the estimated costs of complying with each level of the 
    framework based on verified representative samples of actual costs 
    of compliance small business concerns and an explanation of how 
    these costs will be recoverable by such small business concerns;
        (2) the estimated change in the number of small business 
    concerns that are part of the defense industrial base resulting 
    from the implementation and use of the framework;
        (3) explanations of how the Department of Defense will--
            (A) mitigate negative effects to such small business 
        concerns resulting from the implementation and use of the 
        framework;
            (B) ensure small business concerns are trained on the 
        requirements for passing a third-party assessment, self-
        assessment, or Government-assessment, as applicable, for 
        compliance with the relevant level of the framework; and
            (C) work with small business concerns and nontraditional 
        defense contractors (as defined under section 2302 of title 10, 
        United States Code) to enable such concerns and contractors to 
        bid on and win contracts with the Department without first 
        having to risk funds on costly security certifications; and
        (4) the plan of the Department for conducting oversight of 
    third parties conducting assessments of compliance with the 
    applicable protocols under the framework.
    SEC. 867. DATA ON PHASE III SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH AND 
      SMALL BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROGRAM AWARDS.
    (a) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``Phase I'', ``Phase 
II'', ``Phase III'', ``SBIR'', and ``STTR'' have the meanings given 
those terms in section 9(e) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
638(e)).
    (b) Data on Phase III Awards.--Each Secretary of a military 
department (as defined in section 101 of title 10, United States Code) 
shall collect and submit to the President for inclusion in each budget 
submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United States 
Code, data on the Phase III awards under the SBIR and STTR programs of 
the military department of the Secretary for the immediately preceding 
fiscal year, including--
        (1) the cumulative funding amount for Phase III awards;
        (2) the number of Phase III award topics;
        (3) the total funding obligated for Phase III awards by State;
        (4) the original Phase I or Phase II award topics and the 
    associated Phase III contracts awarded;
        (5) where possible, an identification of the specific program 
    executive office involved in each Phase III transition; and
        (6) a list of the five highest performing projects, as 
    determined by the Secretary.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

    SEC. 871. MISSION MANAGEMENT PILOT PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish a pilot program to identify 
lessons learned and improved mission outcomes achieved by quickly 
delivering solutions that fulfill critical operational needs arising 
from cross-service missions undertaken by combatant commands through 
the use of a coordinated and iterative approach to develop, evaluate, 
and transition such solutions.
    (b) Missions Selection.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
    Deputy Secretary of Defense shall select missions with respect to 
    which to carry out the pilot program.
        (2) Selection criteria.--When selecting missions under 
    paragraph (1), the Deputy Secretary of Defense shall--
            (A) select missions with critical cross-service operational 
        needs; and
            (B) consider--
                (i) the strategic importance of the critical cross-
            service operational needs to the operational plans of the 
            relevant combatant commands; and
                (ii) the advice of key stakeholders, including the 
            Joint Staff, regarding mission selection.
        (3) Initial mission.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than four months after the date 
        of the enactment of this section, the Director of the Strategic 
        Capabilities Office shall select the initial mission under the 
        pilot program that has critical cross-service operational needs 
        and which is of strategic importance to the operational plans 
        of the United States Indo-Pacific Command.
            (B) Responsibility.--The mission selected under 
        subparagraph (A) shall be established within the Strategic 
        Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense, in 
        coordination with the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Research and Engineering.
            (C) Mission selection approval.--The mission selected by 
        the Director of the Strategic Capabilities Office under 
        subparagraph (A) shall be subject to the approval of the 
        Technology Cross-Functional Team of the Strategic Capabilities 
        Office that is chaired by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering.
    (c) Mission Managers.--
        (1) In general.--A mission manager shall carry out the pilot 
    program with respect to each mission.
        (2) Responsibilities.--With respect to each mission, the 
    relevant mission manager shall--
            (A) identify critical cross-service, cross-program, and 
        cross-domain operational needs by enumerating the options 
        available to the combatant command responsible for carrying out 
        such mission and determining the resiliency of such options to 
        threats from adversaries;
            (B) in coordination with the military services and 
        appropriate Defense Agencies and Field Activities, develop and 
        deliver solutions, including software and information 
        technology solutions and other functionalities unaligned with 
        any one weapon system of a covered Armed Service, to--
                (i) fulfill critical cross-service, cross-program, and 
            cross-domain operational needs; and
                (ii) address future changes to existing critical cross-
            service, cross-program, and cross-domain operational needs 
            by providing additional capabilities;
            (C) work with the combatant command responsible for such 
        mission and the related planning organizers, program managers 
        of a covered Armed Force, and defense research and development 
        activities to carry out iterative testing and support to 
        initial operational fielding of the solutions described in 
        subparagraph (B);
            (D) conduct research, development, test, evaluation, and 
        transition support activities with respect to the delivery of 
        the solutions described in subparagraph (B);
            (E) seek to integrate existing, emerging, and new 
        capabilities available to the Department of Defense in the 
        development of the solutions described in subparagraph (B), 
        including by incenting and working with program managers of a 
        covered Armed Force; and
            (F) provide to the Deputy Secretary of Defense mission 
        management activity updates and reporting on the use of funds 
        under the pilot program with respect to such mission.
        (3) Appointment.--Each mission selected under subsection (b) 
    shall have a mission manager--
            (A) appointed at the time of mission approval; and
            (B) who may be from any suitable organization, except that 
        the mission manager with respect the initial mission under 
        (b)(3) shall be the Director of the Strategic Capabilities 
        Office.
        (4) Iterative approach.--The mission manager shall, to the 
    extent practicable, carry out the pilot program with respect to 
    each mission selected under subsection (b) by integrating existing, 
    emerging, and new military capabilities, and managing a portfolio 
    of small, iterative development and support to initial operational 
    fielding efforts.
        (5) Other program management responsibilities.--The activities 
    undertaken by the mission manager with respect to a mission, 
    including mission management, do not supersede or replace the 
    program management responsibilities of any other individual that 
    are related to such missions.
    (d) Data Collection Requirement.--The Deputy Secretary of Defense 
shall develop and implement a plan to collect and analyze data on the 
pilot program for the purposes of--
        (1) developing and sharing best practices for applying emerging 
    technology and supporting new operational concepts to improve 
    outcomes on key military missions and operational challenges; and
        (2) providing information to the leadership of the Department 
    on the implementation of the pilot program and related policy 
    issues.
    (e) Assessments.--During the five-year period beginning on the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Deputy Secretary of Defense shall 
regularly assess--
        (1) the authorities required by the mission managers to 
    effectively and efficiently carry out the pilot program with 
    respect to the missions selected under subsection (b); and
        (2) whether the mission managers have access to sufficient 
    funding to carry out the research, development, test, evaluation, 
    and support to initial operational fielding activities required to 
    deliver solutions fulfilling the critical cross-service, cross-
    program, and cross-domain operational needs of the missions.
    (f) Briefings.--
        (1) Semiannual briefing.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than July 1, 2022, and every six 
        months thereafter until the date that is five years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the mission manager shall 
        provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
        the progress of the pilot program with respect to each mission 
        selected under subsection (b), the anticipated mission 
        outcomes, and the funds used to carry out the pilot program 
        with respect to such mission.
            (B) Initial briefing.--The Deputy Secretary of Defense 
        shall include in the first briefing submitted under 
        subparagraph (A) a briefing on the implementation of the pilot 
        program, including--
                (i) the actions taken to implement the pilot program;
                (ii) an assessment of the pilot program;
                (iii) requests for Congress to provide authorities 
            required to successfully carry out the pilot program; and
                (iv) a description of the data plan required under 
            subsection (d).
        (2) Annual briefing.--Not later than one year after the date on 
    which the pilot program is established, and annually thereafter 
    until the date that is five years after the date of the enactment 
    of this Act, the Deputy Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a briefing on the pilot program, 
    including--
            (A) the data collected and analysis performed under 
        subsection (d);
            (B) lessons learned;
            (C) the priorities for future activities of the pilot 
        program; and
            (D) such other information as the Deputy Secretary 
        determines appropriate.
        (3) Recommendation.--Not later than two years after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Deputy Secretary of Defense shall 
    submit to Congress a briefing on the recommendations of the Deputy 
    Secretary with respect to the pilot program and shall concurrently 
    submit to Congress--
            (A) a written assessment of the pilot program;
            (B) a written recommendation on continuing or expanding the 
        mission integration pilot program;
            (C) requests for Congress to provide authorities required 
        to successfully carry out the pilot program; and
            (D) the data collected and analysis performed under 
        subsection (d).
    (g) Transition.--Beginning in fiscal year 2025, the Deputy 
Secretary of Defense may transition responsibilities for research, 
development, test, evaluation, and support to initial operational 
fielding activities started under the pilot program to other elements 
of the Department for purposes of delivering solutions fulfilling 
critical cross-service, cross-program, and cross-domain operational 
needs.
    (h) Termination Date.--The pilot program shall terminate on the 
date that is five years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (i) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as providing any authority not otherwise provided by law to 
procure, or enter agreements to procure, any goods, materials, or 
services.
    (j) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Covered armed force.--The term ``covered Armed Force'' 
    means--
            (A) the Army;
            (B) the Navy;
            (C) the Air Force;
            (D) the Marine Corps; or
            (E) the Space Force.
        (2) Cross-functional teams of the strategic capabilities 
    office.--The term ``Cross-Functional Teams of the Strategic 
    Capabilities Office'' means the teams established in the Strategic 
    Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense pursuant to 
    section 233(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1277; 10 U.S.C. 132 note).
        (3) Cross-service.--The term ``cross-service'' means pertaining 
    to multiple covered Armed Forces.
        (4) Cross-domain.--The term ``cross-domain'' means pertaining 
    to multiple operational domains of land, maritime, air, space, and 
    cyberspace.
        (4) Cross-service operational need.--The term ``cross-service 
    operational need'' means an operational need arising from a mission 
    undertaken by a combatant command which involves multiple covered 
    Armed Forces.
        (5) Defense agency; military department.--The terms ``Defense 
    Agency'' and ``military department'' have the meanings given such 
    terms in section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code.
        (6) Field activity.--The term ``Field Activity'' has the 
    meaning given the term ``Department of Defense Field Activity'' in 
    section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code.
        (7) Mission management.--The term ``mission management'' means 
    the integration of materiel, digital, and operational elements to 
    improve defensive and offensive options and outcomes for a specific 
    mission or operational challenge.
        (8) Pilot program.--The term ``pilot program'' means the pilot 
    program established under subsection (a).
    SEC. 872. ESTABLISHMENT OF MISSION-ORIENTED PILOT PROGRAMS TO CLOSE 
      SIGNIFICANT CAPABILITIES GAPS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish, within 
the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense, not fewer than two mission-oriented integration pilot programs 
with the objective of closing significant capabilities gaps by 
developing and implementing capabilities and by synchronizing and 
integrating missions across covered Armed Forces and Defense Agencies.
    (b) Elements.--The pilot programs established under subsection (a) 
shall--
        (1) seek to address specific outstanding operational challenges 
    of high importance to the operational plans of the United States 
    Indo-Pacific Command and the United States European Command;
        (2) be designed to leverage industry cost sharing by using 
    sources such as private equity and venture capital funding to 
    develop technologies and overall capabilities that resolve 
    significant capability gaps for delivery to the Department of 
    Defense, as a product or as a service;
        (3) not later than three years after the date on which the 
    pilot program commences, demonstrate the efficacy of the solutions 
    being developed under the pilot program;
        (4) deliver an operational capability not later than five years 
    after the pilot program commences;
        (5) provide an operationally relevant solution for--
            (A)(i) maintaining resilient aircraft operations in and 
        around Guam in the face of evolving regional threats, including 
        large salvo supersonic and hypersonic missile threats; or
            (ii) an operational challenge of similar strategic 
        importance and relevance to the responsibilities and plans of 
        the United States Indo-Pacific Command or the United States 
        European Command; and
            (B)(i) providing a resilient logistic and resupply 
        capability in the face of evolving regional threats, including 
        operations within an anti-access-area denial environment; or
            (ii) an operational challenge of similar strategic 
        importance and relevance to the responsibilities and plans of 
        the United States Indo-Pacific Command; and
        (6) incorporate--
            (A) existing and planned Department of Defense systems and 
        capabilities to achieve mission objectives; and
            (B) to the extent practicable, technologies that have 
        military applications and the potential for nonmilitary 
        applications.
    (c) Role of Strategic Capabilities Office.--
        (1) In general.--With respect to the pilot programs established 
    under subsection (a), the Director of the Strategic Capabilities 
    Office, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Research and Engineering, shall--
            (A) assign mission managers or program managers--
                (i) to coordinate and collaborate with entities awarded 
            contracts or agreements under the pilot program, parties to 
            cost sharing agreements for such awarded contracts or 
            agreements, combatant commands, and military departments to 
            define mission requirements and solutions; and
                (ii) to coordinate and monitor pilot program 
            implementation;
            (B) provide technical assistance for pilot program 
        activities, including developing and implementing metrics, 
        which shall be used--
                (i) to assess each operational challenge such pilot 
            programs are addressing; and
                (ii) to characterize the resilience of solutions being 
            developed under the pilot programs to known threats and 
            single points of failure;
            (C) provide operational use case expertise to the entities 
        awarded contracts or agreements under the pilot program and 
        parties to cost sharing agreements for such awarded contracts 
        or agreements;
            (D) serve as the liaison between the Armed Forces, the 
        combatant commanders, and the participants in the pilot 
        programs; and
            (E) use flexible acquisition practices and authorities, 
        including--
                (i) the authorities under section 2371 and 2371b of 
            title 10, United States Code;
                (ii) payments for demonstrated progress;
                (iii) authorities under the Defense Production Act of 
            1950 (50 U.S.C. 4501 et seq.); and
                (iv) other acquisition practices that support efficient 
            and effective access to emerging technologies and 
            capabilities, including technologies and capabilities from 
            companies funded with private investment.
        (2) Reports to congress.--Not later than 180 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, 
    the Director of the Strategic Capabilities Office shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report on the pilot 
    programs.
    (d) Additional Authorities.--The Secretary of Defense shall assess 
authorities required for such mission managers and program managers to 
effectively and efficiently fulfill their responsibilities under the 
pilot programs, including the delegation of personnel hiring and 
contracting authorities.
    (e) Data.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish mechanisms to 
collect and analyze data on the implementation of the pilot programs 
for the purposes of--
        (1) developing and sharing best practices for achieving goals 
    established for the pilot programs; and
        (2) providing information to the Secretary and the 
    congressional defense committees on--
            (A) the implementation of the pilot programs; and
            (B) related policy issues.
    (f) Recommendations.--Not later than two years after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a recommendation with respect to 
continuing or expanding the pilot program.
    (g) Transition of Pilot Program Responsibilities.--Beginning in 
fiscal year 2025, the Secretary may transition the responsibility for 
the pilot programs to another organization.
    (h) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Covered armed force.--The term ``covered Armed Force'' 
    means--
            (A) the Army;
            (B) the Navy;
            (C) the Air Force;
            (D) the Marine Corps; or
            (E) the Space Force.
        (2) Defense agency.--The term ``Defense Agency'' has the 
    meaning given such term in section 101(a) of title 10, United 
    States Code.
        (3) Mission manager.--The term ``mission manager'' means an 
    individual that, with respect to a mission under a pilot program 
    established under subsection (a), shall have the responsibilities 
    described in subparagraphs (B) through (F) of section 871(c)(2) of 
    this Act.
    SEC. 873. INDEPENDENT STUDY ON ACQUISITION PRACTICES AND POLICIES.
    (a) Study Required.--Not later than March 30, 2022, the Secretary 
of Defense shall enter into an agreement with a federally funded 
research and development center under which such center shall conduct a 
study on the acquisition practices and policies described in subsection 
(b).
    (b) Study Elements.--The study required under subsection (a) shall 
identify the knowledge and tools needed for the acquisition workforce 
of the Department of Defense to--
        (1) engage in acquisition planning practices that assess the 
    cost, resource, and energy preservation differences resulting from 
    selecting environmentally preferable goods or services when 
    identifying requirements or drafting statements of work;
        (2) engage in acquisition planning practices that promote the 
    acquisition of resilient and resource-efficient goods and services 
    and that support innovation in environmental technologies, 
    including--
            (A) technical specifications that establish performance 
        levels for goods and services to diminish greenhouse gas 
        emissions;
            (B) statements of work or specifications restricted to 
        environmentally preferable goods or services where the quality, 
        availability, and price is comparable to traditional goods or 
        services;
            (C) engaging in public-private partnerships to design, 
        build, and fund resilient, low-carbon infrastructure;
            (D) collaborating with local jurisdictions surrounding 
        military installations, with a focus on reducing environmental 
        costs; and
            (E) technical specifications that consider risk to supply 
        chains from extreme weather and changes in environmental 
        conditions;
        (3) employ source selection practices that promote the 
    acquisition of resilient and resource-efficient goods and services 
    and that support innovation in environmental technologies, 
    including--
            (A) considering resilience, low-carbon, or low-toxicity 
        criteria as competition factors on the basis of which the award 
        is made in addition to cost, past performance, and quality 
        factors;
            (B) using accepted standards, emissions data, 
        certifications, and labels to verify the environmental impact 
        of a good or service and enhance procurement efficiency;
            (C) evaluating the veracity of certifications and labels 
        purporting to convey information about the environmental impact 
        of a good or service; and
            (D) considering the costs of a good or service that will be 
        incurred throughout its lifetime, including operating costs, 
        maintenance, end of life costs, and residual value, including 
        costs resulting from the carbon dioxide and other greenhouse 
        gas emissions associated with the good or service; and
        (4) consider external effects, including economic, 
    environmental, and social, arising over the entire life cycle of an 
    acquisition when making acquisition planning and source selection 
    decisions.
    (c) Submission to Department of Defense.--Not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the federally funded 
research and development center that conducts the study under 
subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report on the 
results of the study in an unclassified form but may include a 
classified annex.
    (d) Submission to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
on which the Secretary of Defense receives the report under subsection 
(c), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
an unaltered copy along with any comments the Secretary may have with 
respect to the report.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``environmentally preferable'', with respect to a 
    good or service, means that the good or service has a lesser or 
    reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared 
    with competing goods or services that serve the same purpose or 
    achieve the same or substantially similar result. The comparison 
    may consider raw materials acquisition, production, manufacturing, 
    packaging, distribution, reuse, operation, maintenance, or disposal 
    of the good or service.
        (2) The term ``resource-efficient goods and services'' means 
    goods and services--
            (A) that use fewer resources than competing goods and 
        services to serve the same purposes or achieve the same or 
        substantially similar result as such competing goods and 
        services; and
            (B) for which the negative environmental impacts across the 
        full life cycle of such goods and services are minimized.
    SEC. 874. PILOT PROGRAM TO INCENTIVIZE CONTRACTING WITH EMPLOYEE-
      OWNED BUSINESSES.
    (a) Qualified Business Wholly-owned Through an Employee Stock 
Ownership Plan Defined.--The term ``qualified businesses wholly-owned 
through an Employee Stock Ownership Plan'' means an S corporation (as 
defined in section 1361(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) for 
which 100 percent of the outstanding stock is held through an employee 
stock ownership plan (as defined in section 4975(e)(7) of such Code).
    (b) Pilot Program to Use Noncompetitive Procedures for Certain 
Follow-on Contracts to Qualified Businesses Wholly-Owned Through an 
Employee Stock Ownership Plan.--
        (1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may establish a 
    pilot program to carry out the requirements of this section.
        (2) Follow-on contracts.--Notwithstanding the requirements of 
    section 2304 of title 10, United States Code, and with respect to a 
    follow-on contract for the continued development, production, or 
    provision of products or services that are the same as or 
    substantially similar to the products or services procured by the 
    Department of Defense under a prior contract held by a qualified 
    business wholly-owned through an Employee Stock Ownership Plan, the 
    products or services to be procured under the follow-on contract 
    may be procured by the Department of Defense through procedures 
    other than competitive procedures if the performance of the 
    qualified business wholly-owned through an Employee Stock Ownership 
    Plan on the prior contract was rated as satisfactory (or the 
    equivalent) or better in the applicable past performance database.
        (3) Limitation.--A qualified business wholly-owned through an 
    Employee Stock Ownership Plan may have a single opportunity for 
    award of a sole-source follow-on contract under this section, 
    unless a senior contracting official (as defined in section 1737 of 
    title 10, United States Code) approves a waiver of the requirements 
    of this section.
    (c) Verification and Reporting of Qualified Businesses Wholly-owned 
Through an Employee Stock Ownership Plan.--Under a pilot program 
established under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall 
establish procedures--
        (1) for businesses to verify status as a qualified businesses 
    wholly-owned through an Employee Stock Ownership Plan for the 
    purposes of this section by using existing Federal reporting 
    mechanisms;
        (2) for a qualified businesses wholly-owned through an Employee 
    Stock Ownership Plan to certify that not more than 50 percent of 
    the amount paid under the contract will be expended on 
    subcontracts, subject to such necessary and reasonable waivers as 
    the Secretary may prescribe; and
        (3) to record information on each follow-on contract awarded 
    under subsection (b), including details relevant to the nature of 
    such contract and the qualified business wholly-owned through an 
    Employee Stock Ownership Plan that received such contract, and to 
    provide such information to the Comptroller General of the United 
    States.
    (d) Data.--
        (1) In general.--If the Secretary of Defense establishes a 
    pilot program under this section, the Secretary shall establish 
    mechanisms to collect and analyze data on the pilot program for the 
    purposes of--
            (A) developing and sharing best practices relating to the 
        pilot program;
            (B) providing information to leadership and the 
        congressional defense committees on the pilot program, 
        including with respect to each qualified business wholly-owned 
        through an Employee Stock Ownership Plan that received a 
        follow-on contract under this section--
                (i) the size of such business;
                (ii) performance of the follow-on contract; and
                (iii) other information as determined necessary; and
            (C) providing information to leadership and the 
        congressional defense committees on policy issues related to 
        the pilot program.
        (2) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not carry out the 
    pilot program under this section before--
            (A) completing a data collection and reporting strategy and 
        plan to meet the requirements of this subsection; and
            (B) submitting the strategy and plan to the congressional 
        defense committees.
    (e) Sunset.--Any pilot program established under this section shall 
expire on the date that is five years after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
    (f) Comptroller General Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than three years after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
    States shall submit to Congress a report on any individual and 
    aggregate uses of the authority under a pilot program established 
    under this section.
        (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
    following elements:
            (A) An assessment of the frequency and nature of the use of 
        the authority under the pilot program.
            (B) An assessment of the impact of the pilot program in 
        supporting the national defense strategy required under section 
        113(g) of title 10, United States Code.
            (C) The number of businesses that became qualified 
        businesses wholly-owned through an Employee Stock Ownership 
        Plan in order to benefit from the pilot program and the factors 
        that influenced that decision.
            (D) Acquisition authorities that could incentivize 
        businesses to become qualified businesses wholly-owned through 
        an Employee Stock Ownership Plan, including an extension of the 
        pilot program.
            (E) Any related matters the Comptroller General considers 
        appropriate.
    SEC. 875. GUIDANCE, TRAINING, AND REPORT ON PLACE OF PERFORMANCE 
      CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Guidance and Training.--Not later than July 1, 2022, the 
Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) issue guidance on covered contracts to ensure that, to the 
    maximum extent practicable, the terms of such covered contract 
    avoid specifying an unnecessarily restrictive place of performance 
    for such covered contract; and
        (2) implement any necessary training for appropriate 
    individuals relating to the guidance required under paragraph (1).
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than July 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report on covered contracts.
        (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) A description of the criteria that is considered when 
        the Secretary specifies a particular place of performance in a 
        covered contract.
            (B) The number of covered contracts awarded during each of 
        fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
            (C) An assessment of the extent to which revisions to 
        guidance or regulations related to the use of covered contracts 
        could improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the 
        Department of Defense, including a description of such 
        revisions.
    (c) Covered Contract Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
contract'' means a contract for which the Secretary of Defense 
specifies the place of performance for such contract.
    SEC. 876. NOTIFICATION OF CERTAIN INTERGOVERNMENTAL SUPPORT 
      AGREEMENTS.
    (a) Notification Required.--During fiscal years 2022 and 2023, not 
less than 60 days before entering into an intergovernmental support 
agreement under section 2679 of title 10, United States Code, that is 
an exception to the requirements of chapter 85 of title 41, United 
States Code, the Secretary concerned shall submit, in writing, to the 
congressional defense committees a report including the following 
relating to such agreement:
        (1) The circumstances that resulted in the need to enter into 
    an intergovernmental support agreement that included such 
    exception.
        (2) The anticipated benefits of entering into such agreement 
    that included such exception.
        (3) The anticipated impact on persons covered under such 
    chapter 85 because of such exception.
        (4) The extent to which such agreement complies with applicable 
    policies, directives, or other guidance of the Department of 
    Defense.
    (b) Recommendations.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees, along with the budget request 
    materials for fiscal year 2023, specific recommendations for 
    modifications to the legislative text of subsection (a)(1) of 
    section 2679 of title 10, United States Code, along with a 
    rationale for any such modifications, to identify specific 
    provisions of Federal contracting law appropriate for waiver or 
    exemption to ensure effective use of intergovernmental support 
    agreements under such section.
        (2) Budget request materials defined.--In this subsection, the 
    term ``budget request materials'' means the materials submitted to 
    Congress by the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
    States Code.
    (c) Briefing Required.--Not later than 6 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on activities taken to 
carry out the requirements of this section.
    (d) Policy Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue guidance to 
clarify the use of the authority under section 2679 of title 10, United 
States Code, including with respect to--
        (1) the application of other requirements of acquisition law 
    and policy; and
        (2) chapter 85 of title 41, United States Code.
    (e) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Secretary concerned'' means--
        (1) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to matters 
    concerning the Army;
        (2) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to matters 
    concerning the Navy and the Marine Corps; and
        (3) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to matters 
    concerning the Air Force and the Space Force.
    SEC. 877. REPORT ON REQUESTS FOR EQUITABLE ADJUSTMENT IN DEPARTMENT 
      OF THE NAVY.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report describing in detail the 
processing of requests for equitable adjustment by the Department of 
the Navy between October 1, 2011, and the date of the enactment of this 
Act, including progress by components within the Department of the Navy 
in complying with the covered directive.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
        (1) The number of requests for equitable adjustment submitted 
    between October 1, 2011, and the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (2) The components within the Department of the Navy to which 
    each such request was submitted.
        (3) The number of requests for equitable adjustment outstanding 
    as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (4) The number of requests for equitable adjustment settled but 
    not paid as of the date of the enactment of this Act, including a 
    description of why each such request has not been paid.
        (5) A detailed explanation of the efforts by the Secretary of 
    the Navy to ensure compliance of components within the Department 
    of the Navy with the covered directive.
    (c) Covered Directive Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
directive'' means the directive of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy 
for Research, Development, and Acquisition, dated March 20, 2020, and 
titled ``(Intent and Direction) Withholds and Retentions During COVID-
19'' requiring--
        (1) payment to contractors of all settled requests for 
    equitable adjustment; and
        (2) the expeditious resolution of all outstanding requests for 
    equitable adjustment.
    SEC. 878. MILITARY STANDARDS FOR ARMOR MATERIALS IN VEHICLE 
      SPECIFICATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than June 30, 2022, the Secretary of the 
Army shall establish technical specification standards for all metal 
and non-metal armor for incorporation into specifications for current 
and future armored vehicles developed or procured by the Department of 
the Army.
    (b) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--On the date on which the standards described 
    in subsection (a) are established under such subsection, the 
    Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report describing--
            (A) the establishment of such standards; and
            (B) the strategy for incorporating such standards as 
        requirements for armored vehicles developed and procured by the 
        Department of the Army.
        (2) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be in an 
    unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (c) Armored Vehicle Defined.--For purposes of this section, the 
term ``armored vehicle'' means a tracked or wheeled tactical vehicle 
incorporating armor in its manufacture.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Sec. 901. Change in eligibility requirements for appointment to certain 
          Department of Defense leadership positions.
Sec. 902. Clarification of treatment of Office of Local Defense 
          Community Cooperation as a Department of Defense Field 
          Activity.
Sec. 903. Enhanced role of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
          and Engineering on the Joint Requirements Oversight Council.
Sec. 904. Implementation of repeal of Chief Management Officer of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 905. Space Force organizational matters and modification of certain 
          space-related acquisition authorities.
Sec. 906. Assignments for participants in the John S. McCain Strategic 
          Defense Fellows Program.
Sec. 907. Designation of senior official for implementation of 
          Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority Strategy.
Sec. 908. Management innovation activities.
Sec. 909. Digital talent recruiting officer.
Sec. 910. Cross-functional team for emerging threat relating to 
          anomalous health incidents.
Sec. 911. Alignment of Close Combat Lethality Task Force.
Sec. 912. Independent review of and report on the Unified Command Plan.
Sec. 913. Study and report on the role and organization of space assets 
          in the reserve components.
    SEC. 901. CHANGE IN ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR APPOINTMENT TO 
      CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE LEADERSHIP POSITIONS.
    (a) Secretary of Defense.--Subsection (a) of section 113 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a)(1) There is a Secretary of Defense, who is the head of the 
Department of Defense, appointed from civilian life by the President, 
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
    ``(2) A person may not be appointed as Secretary of Defense--
        ``(A) within seven years after relief from active duty as a 
    commissioned officer of a regular component of an armed force in a 
    grade below O-7; or
        ``(B) within 10 years after relief from active duty as a 
    commissioned officer of a regular component of an armed force in 
    the grade of O-7 or above.''.
    (b) Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low 
Intensity Conflict.--Section 138(b)(2)(A) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after the third sentence the following: 
``A person may not be appointed as Assistant Secretary within seven 
years after relief from active duty as a commissioned officer of a 
regular component of an armed force.''.
    (c) Secretary of the Army.--Section 7013(a)(2) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``five'' and inserting ``seven''.
    (d) Secretary of the Navy.--Section 8013(a)(2) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``five'' and inserting ``seven''.
    (e) Secretary of the Air Force.--Section 9013(a)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``five'' and inserting 
``seven''.
    (f) Technical Corrections Relating to Other Positions.--
        (1) Under secretary of defense (comptroller).--Section 
    135(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
    ``the armed forces'' and inserting ``an armed force''.
        (2) Under secretary of defense for personnel and readiness.--
    Section 136(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking ``the armed forces'' and inserting ``an armed force''.
        (3) Under secretary of defense for intelligence and security.--
    Section 137(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking ``the armed forces'' and inserting ``an armed force''.
    (g) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsections (a) through 
(e) shall apply with respect to appointments made on or after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 902. CLARIFICATION OF TREATMENT OF OFFICE OF LOCAL DEFENSE 
      COMMUNITY COOPERATION AS A DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FIELD ACTIVITY.
    (a) Treatment of Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation as a 
Department of Defense Field Activity.--
        (1) Transfer to chapter 8.--Section 146 of title 10, United 
    States Code, is transferred to subchapter I of chapter 8 of such 
    title, inserted after section 197, and redesignated as section 198.
        (2) Treatment as department of defense field activity.--Section 
    198(a) of such title, as transferred and redesignated by subsection 
    (a) of this subsection, is amended--
            (A) by striking ``in the Office of the Secretary of Defense 
        an office to be known as the'' and inserting ``in the 
        Department of Defense an''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following: ``The Secretary 
        shall designate the Office as a Department of Defense Field 
        Activity pursuant to section 191, effective as of the date of 
        the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-
        283).''.
        (3) Appointment of director.--Such section 198 is further 
    amended--
            (A) in subsection (b) in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
        and Sustainment'' and inserting ``Secretary of Defense''; and
            (B) in subsection (c)(4), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment'' and inserting 
        ``Secretary''.
        (4) Clerical amendments.--
            (A) Chapter 4.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
        chapter 4 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 146.
            (B) Chapter 8.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
        subtitle I of chapter 8 of such title is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 197 the following new item:
``198. Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation.''.

    (b) Limitation on Involuntary Separation of Personnel.--No 
personnel of the Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation under 
section 198 of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection 
(a)), may be involuntarily separated from service with that Office 
during the one-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
this Act, except for cause.
    (c) Administration of Programs.--Any program, project, or other 
activity administered by the Office of Economic Adjustment of the 
Department of Defense as of the date of the enactment of the William M. 
(Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2021 (Public Law 116-283) shall be administered by the Office of Local 
Defense Community Cooperation under section 198 of title 10, United 
States Code (as added by subsection (a)).
    (d) Conforming Repeal.--Section 905 of the William M. (Mac) 
Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 
(Public Law 116-283) is repealed.
    SEC. 903. ENHANCED ROLE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR 
      RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING ON THE JOINT REQUIREMENTS OVERSIGHT 
      COUNCIL.
    (a) In Genera