[Congressional Bills 112th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 4310 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.4310

                      One Hundred Twelfth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE SECOND SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
            the third day of January, two thousand and twelve


                                 An Act


 
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2013 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
         strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2013''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
        (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
        (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
        (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
    Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
        (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Multiyear procurement authority for Army CH-47 helicopters.
Sec. 112. Reports on airlift requirements of the Army.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Extension of Ford class aircraft carrier construction 
          authority.
Sec. 122. Multiyear procurement authority for Virginia class submarine 
          program.
Sec. 123. Multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh Burke class 
          destroyers and associated systems.
Sec. 124. Limitation on availability of amounts for second Ford class 
          aircraft carrier.
Sec. 125. Refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. Abraham Lincoln.
Sec. 126. Designation of mission modules of the Littoral Combat Ship as 
          a major defense acquisition program.
Sec. 127. Report on Littoral Combat Ship designs.
Sec. 128. Comptroller General review of Littoral Combat Ship program.
Sec. 129. Sense of Congress on importance of engineering in early stages 
          of shipbuilding.
Sec. 130. Sense of Congress on nuclear-powered ballistic submarines.
Sec. 131. Sense of Congress on Marine Corps amphibious lift and presence 
          requirements.
Sec. 132. Sense of the Senate on Department of the Navy fiscal year 2014 
          budget request for tactical aviation aircraft.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Reduction in number of aircraft required to be maintained in 
          strategic airlift aircraft inventory.
Sec. 142. Retirement of B-1 bomber aircraft.
Sec. 143. Avionics systems for C-130 aircraft.
Sec. 144. Treatment of certain programs for the F-22A Raptor aircraft as 
          major defense acquisition programs.

               Subtitle E--Joint and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Multiyear procurement authority for V-22 joint aircraft 
          program.
Sec. 152. Procurement of space-based infrared systems satellites.
Sec. 153. Limitation on availability of funds for evolved expendable 
          launch vehicle program.
Sec. 154. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RQ-4 
          Global Hawk unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 155. Requirement to set F-35 aircraft initial operational 
          capability dates.
Sec. 156. Shallow Water Combat Submersible program.
Sec. 157. Requirement that tactical manned intelligence, surveillance, 
          and reconnaissance aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles use 
          specified standard data link.
Sec. 158. Study on small arms and small-caliber ammunition capabilities.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Next-generation long-range strike bomber aircraft nuclear 
          certification requirement.
Sec. 212. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for Unmanned 
          Carrier-launched Surveillance and Strike system program.
Sec. 213. Limitation on availability of funds for milestone A activities 
          for an Army medium range multi-purpose vertical takeoff and 
          landing unmanned aircraft system.
Sec. 214. Use of funds for conventional prompt global strike program.
Sec. 215. Next Generation Foundry for the Defense Microelectronics 
          Activity.
Sec. 216. Advanced rotorcraft initiative.

                  Subtitle C--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 221. Prohibition on the use of funds for the MEADS program.
Sec. 222. Availability of funds for Iron Dome short-range rocket defense 
          program.
Sec. 223. Authority for relocation of certain Aegis weapon system assets 
          between and within the DDG-51 class destroyer and Aegis Ashore 
          programs in order to meet mission requirements.
Sec. 224. Evaluation of alternatives for the precision tracking space 
          system.
Sec. 225. Next generation Exo-atmospheric Kill Vehicle.
Sec. 226. Modernization of the Patriot air and missile defense system.
Sec. 227. Evaluation and environmental impact assessment of potential 
          future missile defense sites in the United States.
Sec. 228. Homeland ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 229. Regional ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 230. NATO contributions to missile defense in Europe.
Sec. 231. Report on test plan for the ground-based midcourse defense 
          system.
Sec. 232. Sense of Congress on missile defense.
Sec. 233. Sense of Congress on the submittal to Congress of the homeland 
          defense hedging policy and strategy report of the Secretary of 
          Defense.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 241. Mission packages for the Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 242. Study on electronic warfare capabilities of the Marine Corps.
Sec. 243. Conditional requirement for report on amphibious assault 
          vehicles for the Marine Corps.
Sec. 244. Report on cyber and information technology research 
          investments of the Air Force.
Sec. 245. National Research Council review of defense science and 
          technical graduate education needs.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 251. Eligibility for Department of Defense laboratories to enter 
          into educational partnerships with educational institutions in 
          territories and possessions of the United States.
Sec. 252. Regional advanced technology clusters.
Sec. 253. Sense of Congress on increasing the cost-effectiveness of 
          training exercises for members of the Armed Forces.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Operation and maintenance funding.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Training range sustainment plan and training range inventory.
Sec. 312. Authority of Secretary of a military department to enter into 
          cooperative agreements with Indian tribes for land management 
          associated with military installations and State-owned 
          National Guard installations.
Sec. 313. Department of Defense guidance on environmental exposures at 
          military installations and briefing regarding environmental 
          exposures to members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 314. Report on status of targets in implementation plan for 
          operational energy strategy.
Sec. 315. Limitation on obligation of Department of Defense funds from 
          Defense Production Act of 1950 for biofuel refinery 
          construction.
Sec. 316. Sense of Congress on protection of Department of Defense 
          airfields, training airspace, and air training routes.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Expansion and reauthorization of multi-trades demonstration 
          project.
Sec. 322. Restoration and amendment of certain provisions relating to 
          depot-level maintenance and core logistics capabilities.
Sec. 323. Rating chains for system program managers.

                          Subtitle D--Readiness

Sec. 331. Intergovernmental support agreements with State and local 
          governments.
Sec. 332. Expansion and reauthorization of pilot program for 
          availability of working-capital funds for product 
          improvements.
Sec. 333. Department of Defense national strategic ports study and 
          Comptroller General studies and reports on strategic ports.

                           Subtitle E--Reports

Sec. 341. Annual report on Department of Defense long-term corrosion 
          strategy.
Sec. 342. Report on joint strategy for readiness and training in a 
          C4ISR-denied environment.
Sec. 343. Comptroller General review of annual Department of Defense 
          report on prepositioned materiel and equipment.
Sec. 344. Modification of report on maintenance and repair of vessels in 
          foreign shipyards.
Sec. 345. Extension of deadline for Comptroller General report on 
          Department of Defense service contract inventory.

           Subtitle F--Limitations and Extension of Authority

Sec. 351. Repeal of redundant authority to ensure interoperability of 
          law enforcement and emergency responder training.
Sec. 352. Aerospace control alert mission.
Sec. 353. Limitation on authorization of appropriations for the National 
          Museum of the United States Army.
Sec. 354. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement or 
          inactivation of Ticonderoga class cruisers or dock landing 
          ships.
Sec. 355. Renewal of expired prohibition on return of veterans memorial 
          objects without specific authorization in law.

    Subtitle G--National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force

Sec. 361. Short title.
Sec. 362. Establishment of Commission.
Sec. 363. Duties of the Commission.
Sec. 364. Powers of the Commission.
Sec. 365. Commission personnel matters.
Sec. 366. Termination of the Commission.
Sec. 367. Funding.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Military working dog matters.
Sec. 372. Comptroller General review of handling, labeling, and 
          packaging procedures for hazardous material shipments.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revision in permanent active duty end strength minimum levels.
Sec. 403. Annual limitation on end strength reductions for regular 
          component of the Army and Marine Corps.
Sec. 404. Additional Marine Corps personnel for the Marine Corps 
          Security Guard Program.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2013 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

             Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy Generally

Sec. 501. Limitation on number of Navy flag officers on active duty.
Sec. 502. Reinstatement of authority for enhanced selective early 
          retirement boards and early discharges.
Sec. 503. Modification of definition of joint duty assignment to include 
          all instructor assignments for joint training and education.
Sec. 504. Exception to required retirement after 30 years of service for 
          Regular Navy warrant officers in the grade of Chief Warrant 
          Officer, W-5.
Sec. 505. Extension of temporary authority to reduce minimum length of 
          active service as a commissioned officer required for 
          voluntary retirement as an officer.
Sec. 506. Temporary increase in the time-in-grade retirement waiver 
          limitation for lieutenant colonels and colonels in the Army, 
          Air Force, and Marine Corps and commanders and captains in the 
          Navy.
Sec. 507. Modification to limitations on number of officers for whom 
          service-in-grade requirements may be reduced for retirement in 
          grade upon voluntary retirement.
Sec. 508. Air Force Chief of Chaplains.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Codification of staff assistant positions for Joint Staff 
          related to National Guard and Reserve matters.
Sec. 512. Automatic Federal recognition of promotion of certain National 
          Guard warrant officers.
Sec. 513. Availability of Transition Assistance Advisors to assist 
          members of reserve components who serve on active duty for 
          more than 180 consecutive days.

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 518. Authority for additional behavioral health professionals to 
          conduct pre-separation medical exams for post-traumatic stress 
          disorder.
Sec. 519. Diversity in the Armed Forces and related reporting 
          requirements.
Sec. 520. Limitation on reduction in number of military and civilian 
          personnel assigned to duty with service review agencies.
Sec. 521. Extension of temporary increase in accumulated leave carryover 
          for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 522. Modification of authority to conduct programs on career 
          flexibility to enhance retention of members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 523. Prohibition on waiver for commissioning or enlistment in the 
          Armed Forces for any individual convicted of a felony sexual 
          offense.
Sec. 524. Quality review of Medical Evaluation Boards, Physical 
          Evaluation Boards, and Physical Evaluation Board Liaison 
          Officers.
Sec. 525. Reports on involuntary separation of members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 526. Report on feasibility of developing gender-neutral 
          occupational standards for military occupational specialties 
          currently closed to women.
Sec. 527. Report on education and training and promotion rates for 
          pilots of remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 528. Impact of numbers of members within the Integrated Disability 
          Evaluation System on readiness of Armed Forces to meet mission 
          requirements.

             Subtitle D--Military Justice and Legal Matters

Sec. 531. Clarification and enhancement of the role of Staff Judge 
          Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps.
Sec. 532. Additional information in reports on annual surveys of the 
          Committee on the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 533. Protection of rights of conscience of members of the Armed 
          Forces and chaplains of such members.
Sec. 534. Reports on hazing in the Armed Forces.

      Subtitle E--Member Education and Training Opportunities and 
                             Administration

Sec. 541. Transfer of Troops-to-Teachers Program from Department of 
          Education to Department of Defense and enhancements to the 
          Program.
Sec. 542. Support of Naval Academy athletic and physical fitness 
          programs.
Sec. 543. Expansion of Department of Defense pilot program on receipt of 
          civilian credentialing for military occupational specialty 
          skills.
Sec. 544. State consideration of military training in granting certain 
          State certifications and licenses as a condition on the 
          receipt of funds for veterans employment and training.
Sec. 545. Department of Defense review of access to military 
          installations by representatives of institutions of higher 
          education.
Sec. 546. Report on Department of Defense efforts to standardize 
          educational transcripts issued to separating members of the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 547. Comptroller General of the United States reports on joint 
          professional military education matters.

    Subtitle F--Reserve Officers' Training Corps and Related Matters

Sec. 551. Repeal of requirement for eligibility for in-State tuition of 
          at least 50 percent of participants in Senior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps program.
Sec. 552. Consolidation of military department authority to issue arms, 
          tentage, and equipment to educational institutions not 
          maintaining units of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 553. Modification of requirements on plan to increase the number of 
          units of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 554. Comptroller General report on Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
          programs.

 Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness

Sec. 561. Continuation of authority to assist local educational agencies 
          that benefit dependents of members of the Armed Forces and 
          Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 562. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 563. Amendments to the Impact Aid program.
Sec. 564. Transitional compensation for dependent children who are 
          carried during pregnancy at time of dependent-abuse offense 
          committed by an individual while a member of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 565. Modification of authority to allow Department of Defense 
          domestic dependent elementary and secondary schools to enroll 
          certain students.
Sec. 566. Noncompetitive appointment authority regarding certain 
          military spouses.
Sec. 567. Report on future of family support programs of the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 568. Sense of Congress regarding support for Yellow Ribbon Day.

Subtitle H--Improved Sexual Assault Prevention and Response in the Armed 
                                 Forces

Sec. 570. Armed Forces Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.
Sec. 571. Authority to retain or recall to active duty reserve component 
          members who are victims of sexual assault while on active 
          duty.
Sec. 572. Additional elements in comprehensive Department of Defense 
          policy on sexual assault prevention and response.
Sec. 573. Establishment of special victim capabilities within the 
          military departments to respond to allegations of certain 
          special victim offenses.
Sec. 574. Enhancement to training and education for sexual assault 
          prevention and response.
Sec. 575. Modification of annual Department of Defense reporting 
          requirements regarding sexual assaults.
Sec. 576. Independent reviews and assessments of Uniform Code of 
          Military Justice and judicial proceedings of sexual assault 
          cases.
Sec. 577. Retention of certain forms in connection with Restricted 
          Reports on sexual assault at request of the member of the 
          Armed Forces making the report.
Sec. 578. General or flag officer review of and concurrence in 
          separation of members of the Armed Forces making an 
          Unrestricted Report of sexual assault.
Sec. 579. Department of Defense policy and plan for prevention and 
          response to sexual harassment in the Armed Forces.

              Subtitle I--Suicide Prevention and Resilience

Sec. 580. Enhancement of oversight and management of Department of 
          Defense suicide prevention and resilience programs.
Sec. 581. Reserve component suicide prevention and resilience program.
Sec. 582. Comprehensive policy on prevention of suicide among members of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 583. Study of resilience programs for members of the Army.

                        Subtitle J--Other Matters

Sec. 584. Issuance of prisoner-of-war medal.
Sec. 585. Technical amendments relating to the termination of the Armed 
          Forces Institute of Pathology under defense base closure and 
          realignment.
Sec. 586. Modification of requirement for reports in Federal Register on 
          institutions of higher education ineligible for contracts and 
          grants for denial of ROTC or military recruiter access to 
          campus.
Sec. 587. Acceptance of gifts and services related to educational 
          activities and voluntary services to account for missing 
          persons.
Sec. 588. Display of State, District of Columbia, commonwealth, and 
          territorial flags by the Armed Forces.
Sec. 589. Enhancement of authorities on admission of defense industry 
          civilians to certain Department of Defense educational 
          institutions and programs.
Sec. 590. Extension of authorities to carry out a program of referral 
          and counseling services to veterans at risk of homelessness 
          who are transitioning from certain institutions.
Sec. 591. Inspection of military cemeteries under the jurisdiction of 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 592. Report on results of investigations and reviews conducted with 
          respect to Port Mortuary Division of the Air Force Mortuary 
          Affairs Operations Center at Dover Air Force Base.
Sec. 593. Preservation of editorial independence of Stars and Stripes.
Sec. 594. National public awareness and participation campaign for 
          Veterans' History Project of American Folklife Center.
Sec. 595. Report on accuracy of data in the Defense Enrollment 
          Eligibility Reporting System.
Sec. 596. Sense of Congress that the bugle call commonly known as Taps 
          should be designated as the National Song of Military 
          Remembrance.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Fiscal year 2013 increase in military basic pay.
Sec. 602. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
          of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 603. Basic allowance for housing for two-member couples when one 
          member is on sea duty.
Sec. 604. Rates of basic allowance for housing for members performing 
          active Guard and Reserve duty.
Sec. 605. Payment of benefit for nonparticipation of eligible members in 
          Post-Deployment/Mobilization Respite Absence program due to 
          Government error.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
          nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
          consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
          authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
          title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Increase in maximum amount of officer affiliation bonus for 
          officers in the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 617. Increase in maximum amount of incentive bonus for reserve 
          component members who convert military occupational specialty 
          to ease personnel shortages.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Permanent change of station allowances for members of Selected 
          Reserve units filling a vacancy in another unit after being 
          involuntarily separated.
Sec. 622. Authority for comprehensive program for space-available travel 
          on Department of Defense aircraft.

    Subtitle D--Benefits and Services for Members Being Separated or 
                           Recently Separated

Sec. 631. Extension of authority to provide two years of commissary and 
          exchange benefits after separation.
Sec. 632. Transitional use of military family housing.

       Subtitle E--Disability, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 641. Repeal of requirement for payment of Survivor Benefit Plan 
          premiums when participant waives retired pay to provide a 
          survivor annuity under Federal Employees Retirement System and 
          terminating payment of the Survivor Benefit Plan annuity.
Sec. 642. Repeal of automatic enrollment in Family Servicemembers' Group 
          Life Insurance for members of the Armed Forces married to 
          other members.
Sec. 643. Clarification of computation of combat-related special 
          compensation for chapter 61 disability retirees.

Subtitle F--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality Benefits 
                             and Operations

Sec. 651. Repeal of certain recordkeeping and reporting requirements 
          applicable to commissary and exchange stores overseas.
Sec. 652. Treatment of Fisher House for the Families of the Fallen and 
          Meditation Pavilion at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware, as a 
          Fisher House.

                      Subtitle G--Military Lending

Sec. 661. Additional enhancements of protections on consumer credit for 
          members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.
Sec. 662. Effect of violations of protections on consumer credit 
          extended to members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.
Sec. 663. Consistent definition of dependent for purposes of applying 
          limitations on terms of consumer credit extended to certain 
          members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.

     Subtitle H--Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization 
                               Commission

Sec. 671. Purpose, scope, and definitions.
Sec. 672. Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission.
Sec. 673. Commission hearings and meetings.
Sec. 674. Principles and procedure for Commission recommendations.
Sec. 675. Consideration of Commission recommendations by the President.
Sec. 676. Executive Director.
Sec. 677. Staff.
Sec. 678. Judicial review precluded.
Sec. 679. Termination.
Sec. 680. Funding.

                        Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 681. Equal treatment for members of Coast Guard Reserve called to 
          active duty under title 14, United States Code.
Sec. 682. Report regarding Department of Veterans Affairs claims process 
          transformation plan.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Extension of TRICARE Standard coverage and TRICARE dental 
          program for members of the Selected Reserve who are 
          involuntarily separated.
Sec. 702. Inclusion of certain over-the-counter drugs in TRICARE uniform 
          formulary.
Sec. 703. Modification of requirements on mental health assessments for 
          members of the Armed Forces deployed in connection with a 
          contingency operation.
Sec. 704. Use of Department of Defense funds for abortions in cases of 
          rape and incest.
Sec. 705. Pilot program on certain treatments of autism under the 
          TRICARE program.
Sec. 706. Pilot program on enhancements of Department of Defense efforts 
          on mental health in the National Guard and Reserves through 
          community partnerships.
Sec. 707. Sense of Congress on health care for retired members of the 
          uniformed services.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Authority for automatic enrollment in TRICARE Prime of 
          dependents of members in pay grades above pay grade E-4.
Sec. 712. Cost-sharing rates for the Pharmacy Benefits Program of the 
          TRICARE program.
Sec. 713. Clarification of applicability of certain authority and 
          requirements to subcontractors employed to provide health care 
          services to the Department of Defense.
Sec. 714. Expansion of evaluation of the effectiveness of the TRICARE 
          program.
Sec. 715. Requirement to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of 
          health engagements.
Sec. 716. Pilot program for refills of maintenance medications for 
          TRICARE for Life beneficiaries through the TRICARE mail-order 
          pharmacy program.

           Subtitle C--Mental Health Care and Veterans Matters

Sec. 723. Sharing between Department of Defense and Department of 
          Veterans Affairs of records and information retained under the 
          medical tracking system for members of the Armed Forces 
          deployed overseas.
Sec. 724. Participation of members of the Armed Forces in peer support 
          counseling programs of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 725. Research and medical practice on mental health conditions.
Sec. 726. Transparency in mental health care services provided by the 
          Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 727. Expansion of Vet Center Program to include furnishing 
          counseling to certain members of the Armed Forces and their 
          family members.
Sec. 728. Organization of the Readjustment Counseling Service in the 
          Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 729. Recruitment of mental health providers for furnishing mental 
          health services on behalf of the Department of Veterans 
          Affairs without compensation from the Department.
Sec. 730. Peer support.

                  Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Plan for reform of the administration of the military health 
          system.
Sec. 732. Future availability of TRICARE Prime throughout the United 
          States.
Sec. 733. Extension of Comptroller General report on contract health 
          care staffing for military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 734. Extension of Comptroller General report on women-specific 
          health services and treatment for female members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 735. Study on health care and related support for children of 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 736. Report on strategy to transition to use of human-based methods 
          for certain medical training.
Sec. 737. Study on incidence of breast cancer among members of the Armed 
          Forces serving on active duty.
Sec. 738. Performance metrics and reports on Warriors in Transition 
          programs of the military departments.
Sec. 739. Plan to eliminate gaps and redundancies in programs of the 
          Department of Defense on psychological health and traumatic 
          brain injury.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Treatment of procurements on behalf of the Department of 
          Defense through the Work for Others program of the Department 
          of Energy.
Sec. 802. Review and justification of pass-through contracts.
Sec. 803. Availability of amounts in Defense Acquisition Workforce 
          Development Fund.
Sec. 804. Department of Defense policy on contractor profits.
Sec. 805. Modification of authorities on internal controls for 
          procurements on behalf of the Department of Defense by certain 
          nondefense agencies.
Sec. 806. Extension of authority relating to management of supply-chain 
          risk.
Sec. 807. Sense of Congress on the continuing progress of the Department 
          of Defense in implementing its Item Unique Identification 
          Initiative.

  Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 811. Limitation on use of cost-type contracts.
Sec. 812. Estimates of potential termination liability of contracts for 
          the development or production of major defense acquisition 
          programs.
Sec. 813. Technical change regarding programs experiencing critical cost 
          growth due to change in quantity purchased.
Sec. 814. Repeal of requirement to review ongoing programs initiated 
          before enactment of Milestone B certification and approval 
          process.

 Subtitle C--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 821. Modification of time period for congressional notification of 
          the lease of certain vessels by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 822. Extension of authority for use of simplified acquisition 
          procedures for certain commercial items.
Sec. 823. Codification and amendment relating to life-cycle management 
          and product support requirements.
Sec. 824. Codification of requirement relating to Government performance 
          of critical acquisition functions.
Sec. 825. Competition in acquisition of major subsystems and 
          subassemblies on major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 826. Compliance with Berry Amendment required for uniform 
          components supplied to Afghan military or Afghan National 
          Police.
Sec. 827. Enhancement of whistleblower protections for contractor 
          employees.
Sec. 828. Pilot program for enhancement of contractor employee 
          whistleblower protections.
Sec. 829. Extension of contractor conflict of interest limitations.
Sec. 830. Repeal of sunset for certain protests of task and delivery 
          order contracts.
Sec. 831. Guidance and training related to evaluating reasonableness of 
          price.
Sec. 832. Department of Defense access to, use of, and safeguards and 
          protections for contractor internal audit reports.
Sec. 833. Contractor responsibilities in regulations relating to 
          detection and avoidance of counterfeit electronic parts.

 Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Contracts in Support of Contingency 
                               Operations

Sec. 841. Extension and expansion of authority to acquire products and 
          services produced in countries along a major route of supply 
          to Afghanistan.
Sec. 842. Limitation on authority to acquire products and services 
          produced in Afghanistan.
Sec. 843. Responsibility within Department of Defense for operational 
          contract support.
Sec. 844. Data collection on contract support for future overseas 
          contingency operations involving combat operations.
Sec. 845. Inclusion of operational contract support in certain 
          requirements for Department of Defense planning, joint 
          professional military education, and management structure.
Sec. 846. Requirements for risk assessments related to contractor 
          performance.
Sec. 847. Extension and modification of reports on contracting in Iraq 
          and Afghanistan.
Sec. 848. Responsibilities of inspectors general for overseas 
          contingency operations.
Sec. 849. Oversight of contracts and contracting activities for overseas 
          contingency operations in responsibilities of Chief 
          Acquisition Officers of Federal agencies.
Sec. 850. Reports on responsibility within Department of State and the 
          United States Agency for International Development for 
          contract support for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 851. Database on price trends of items and services under Federal 
          contracts.
Sec. 852. Information on corporate contractor performance and integrity 
          through the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity 
          Information System.
Sec. 853. Inclusion of data on contractor performance in past 
          performance databases for executive agency source selection 
          decisions.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 861. Requirements and limitations for suspension and debarment 
          officials of the Department of Defense, the Department of 
          State, and the United States Agency for International 
          Development.
Sec. 862. Uniform contract writing system requirements.
Sec. 863. Extension of other transaction authority.
Sec. 864. Report on allowable costs of compensation of contractor 
          employees.
Sec. 865. Reports on use of indemnification agreements.
Sec. 866. Plan to increase number of contractors eligible for contracts 
          under Air Force NETCENTS-2 contract.
Sec. 867. Inclusion of information on prevalent grounds for sustaining 
          bid protests in annual protest report by Comptroller General 
          to Congress.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

              Subtitle A--Department of Defense Management

Sec. 901. Additional duties of Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
          Manufacturing and Industrial Base Policy and amendments to 
          Strategic Materials Protection Board.
Sec. 902. Requirement for focus on urgent operational needs and rapid 
          acquisition.
Sec. 903. Designation of Department of Defense senior official for 
          enterprise resource planning system data conversion.
Sec. 904. Additional responsibilities and resources for Deputy Assistant 
          Secretary of Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation.
Sec. 905. Definition and report on terms ``preparation of the 
          environment'' and ``operational preparation of the 
          environment'' for joint doctrine purposes.
Sec. 906. Information for Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
          Department of Defense from the military departments and 
          Defense Agencies for defense business system investment 
          reviews.

                      Subtitle B--Space Activities

Sec. 911. Reports on integration of acquisition and capability delivery 
          schedules for segments of major satellite acquisition programs 
          and funding for such programs.
Sec. 912. Commercial space launch cooperation.
Sec. 913. Limitation on international agreements concerning outer space 
          activities.
Sec. 914. Operationally Responsive Space Program Office.
Sec. 915. Report on overhead persistent infrared technology.
Sec. 916. Assessment of foreign components and the space launch 
          capability of the United States.
Sec. 917. Report on counter space technology.

               Subtitle C--Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 921. Authority to provide geospatial intelligence support to 
          certain security alliances and regional organizations.
Sec. 922. Technical amendments to reflect change in name of National 
          Defense Intelligence College to National Intelligence 
          University.
Sec. 923. Review of Army Distributed Common Ground System.
Sec. 924. Electro-optical imagery.
Sec. 925. Defense Clandestine Service.

                 Subtitle D--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 931. Implementation strategy for Joint Information Environment.
Sec. 932. Next-generation host-based cyber security system for the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 933. Improvements in assurance of computer software procured by the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 934. Competition in connection with Department of Defense tactical 
          data link systems.
Sec. 935. Collection and analysis of network flow data.
Sec. 936. Competition for large-scale software database and data 
          analysis tools.
Sec. 937. Software licenses of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 938. Sense of Congress on potential security risks to Department of 
          Defense networks.
Sec. 939. Quarterly cyber operations briefings.
Sec. 940. Sense of Congress on the United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 941. Reports to Department of Defense on penetrations of networks 
          and information systems of certain contractors.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 951. Advice on military requirements by Chairman of Joint Chiefs of 
          Staff and Joint Requirements Oversight Council.
Sec. 952. Enhancement of responsibilities of the Chairman of the Joint 
          Chiefs of Staff regarding the national military strategy.
Sec. 953. One-year extension of authority to waive reimbursement of 
          costs of activities for nongovernmental personnel at 
          Department of Defense regional centers for security studies.
Sec. 954. National Language Service Corps.
Sec. 955. Savings to be achieved in civilian personnel workforce and 
          service contractor workforce of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 956. Expansion of persons eligible for expedited Federal hiring 
          following completion of National Security Education Program 
          scholarship.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Budgetary effects of this Act.
Sec. 1003. Sense of Congress on notice to Congress on unfunded 
          priorities.
Sec. 1004. Authority to transfer funds to the National Nuclear Security 
          Administration to sustain nuclear weapons modernization.
Sec. 1005. Audit readiness of Department of Defense statements of 
          budgetary resources.
Sec. 1006. Report on balances carried forward by the Department of 
          Defense at the end of fiscal year 2012.
Sec. 1007. Report on elimination and streamlining of reporting 
          requirements, thresholds, and statutory and regulatory 
          requirements resulting from unqualified audit opinion of 
          Department of Defense financial statements.

                   Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1008. Extension of the authority to establish and operate National 
          Guard counterdrug schools.
Sec. 1009. Biannual reports on use of funds in the Drug Interdiction and 
          Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide account.
Sec. 1010. Extension of authority to support unified counter-drug and 
          counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1011. Extension of authority for joint task forces to provide 
          support to law enforcement agencies conducting counter-
          terrorism activities.
Sec. 1012. Requirement for biennial certification on provision of 
          support for counter-drug activities to certain foreign 
          governments.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1013. Policy relating to major combatant vessels of the strike 
          forces of the United States Navy.
Sec. 1014. Limitation on availability of funds for delayed annual naval 
          vessel construction plan.
Sec. 1015. Retirement of naval vessels.
Sec. 1016. Termination of a Maritime Prepositioning Ship squadron.
Sec. 1017.  Sense of Congress on recapitalization for the Navy and Coast 
          Guard.
Sec. 1018. Notice to Congress for the review of proposals to name naval 
          vessels.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1021. Extension of authority to make rewards for combating 
          terrorism.
Sec. 1022. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
          in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1023. Report on recidivism of individuals detained at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, who have been transferred 
          to foreign countries.
Sec. 1024. Notice and report on use of naval vessels for detention of 
          individuals captured outside Afghanistan pursuant to the 
          Authorization for Use of Military Force.
Sec. 1025. Notice required prior to transfer of certain individuals 
          detained at the Detention Facility at Parwan, Afghanistan.
Sec. 1026. Report on recidivism of individuals formerly detained at the 
          Detention Facility at Parwan, Afghanistan.
Sec. 1027. Prohibition on the use of funds for the transfer or release 
          of individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1028. Requirements for certifications relating to the transfer of 
          detainees at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
          Cuba, to foreign countries and other foreign entities.
Sec. 1029. Rights Unaffected.

                       Subtitle E--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1031. Nuclear weapons employment strategy of the United States.
Sec. 1032. Progress of modernization.
Sec. 1033. Report in the event of insufficient funding for modernization 
          of nuclear weapons stockpile.
Sec. 1034. Prevention of asymmetry of nuclear weapon stockpile 
          reductions.
Sec. 1035. Strategic delivery systems.
Sec. 1036. Consideration of expansion of nuclear forces of other 
          countries.
Sec. 1037. Nonstrategic nuclear weapon reductions and extended 
          deterrence policy.
Sec. 1038. Unilateral change in nuclear weapons stockpile of the United 
          States.
Sec. 1039. Expansion of duties and responsibilities of the Nuclear 
          Weapons Council.
Sec. 1040. Interagency Council on the Strategic Capability of the 
          National Laboratories.
Sec. 1041. Cost estimates for nuclear weapons.
Sec. 1042. Prior notification with regard to retirement of strategic 
          delivery systems.
Sec. 1043. Report on nuclear warheads on intercontinental ballistic 
          missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1044. Requirements for combined or interoperable warhead for 
          certain missile systems.
Sec. 1045. Reports on capability of conventional and nuclear forces 
          against certain tunnel sites and on nuclear weapons program of 
          the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1046. Report on conventional and nuclear forces in the Western 
          Pacific region.

          Subtitle F--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Expansion of authority of the Secretary of the Army to loan 
          or donate excess non-automatic service rifles for funeral and 
          other ceremonial purposes.
Sec. 1052. Interagency collaboration on unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 1053. Authority to transfer surplus Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected 
          vehicles and spare parts.
Sec. 1054. Notice to Congress of certain Department of Defense 
          nondisclosure agreements.
Sec. 1055. Extension of authority to provide assured business guarantees 
          to carriers participating in Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
Sec. 1056. Authority for short-term extension of lease for aircraft 
          supporting the Blue Devil intelligence, surveillance, and 
          reconnaissance program.
Sec. 1057. Rule of construction relating to prohibition on infringing on 
          the individual right to lawfully acquire, possess, own, carry, 
          and otherwise use privately owned firearms, ammunition, and 
          other weapons.
Sec. 1058. Sense of Congress on the Joint Warfighting Analysis Center.
Sec. 1059. Limitations on retirement of fixed-wing intra-theater airlift 
          aircraft for general support and time sensitive/mission 
          critical direct support airlift missions of the Department of 
          Defense.

                     Subtitle G--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Electronic warfare strategy of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1062. Report on counterproliferation capabilities and limitations.
Sec. 1063. Report on strategic airlift aircraft.
Sec. 1064. Repeal of biennial report on the Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1065. Improvements to reports required on acquisition of technology 
          relating to weapons of mass destruction and the threat posed 
          by weapons of mass destruction, ballistic missiles, and cruise 
          missiles.
Sec. 1066. Report on force structure of the United States Army.
Sec. 1067. Report on planned efficiency initiatives at Space and Naval 
          Warfare Systems Command.
Sec. 1068. Report on military resources necessary to execute United 
          States Force Posture Strategy in the Asia Pacific Region.
Sec. 1069. Rialto-Colton Basin, California, water resources study.
Sec. 1070. Reports on the potential security threat posed by Boko Haram.
Sec. 1071. Study on the ability of national test and evaluation 
          capabilities to support the maturation of hypersonic 
          technologies for future defense systems development.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1076. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1077. Sense of Congress on recognizing Air Mobility Command on its 
          20th anniversary.
Sec. 1078. Dissemination abroad of information about the United States.
Sec. 1079. Coordination for computer network operations.
Sec. 1080. Sense of Congress regarding unauthorized disclosures of 
          classified information.
Sec. 1081. Technical amendments to repeal statutory references to United 
          States Joint Forces Command.
Sec. 1082. Sense of Congress on non-United States citizens who are 
          graduates of United States educational institutions with 
          advanced degrees in science, technology, engineering, and 
          mathematics.
Sec. 1083. Scientific framework for recalcitrant cancers.
Sec. 1084. Protection of veterans' memorials.
Sec. 1085. Sense of Congress regarding spectrum.
Sec. 1086. Public Safety Officers' Benefits Program.
Sec. 1087. Removal of action.
Sec. 1088. Transport for female genital mutilation.
Sec. 1089. Amendments to law enforcement officer safety provisions of 
          title 18.
Sec. 1090. Reauthorization of sale of aircraft and parts for wildfire 
          suppression purposes.
Sec. 1091. Transfer of excess aircraft to other departments of the 
          Federal Government.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
          premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
          civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1102. Expansion of experimental personnel program for scientific 
          and technical personnel at the Defense Advanced Research 
          Projects Agency.
Sec. 1103. Extension of authority to fill shortage category positions 
          for certain Federal acquisition positions for civilian 
          agencies.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension of discretionary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to personnel on official 
          duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1105. Policy on senior mentors.
Sec. 1106. Authority to pay for the transport of family household pets 
          for Federal employees during certain evacuation operations.
Sec. 1107. Interagency personnel rotations.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification and extension of authorities relating to program 
          to build the capacity of foreign military forces.
Sec. 1202. Extension of authority for non-reciprocal exchanges of 
          defense personnel between the United States and foreign 
          countries.
Sec. 1203. Authority to build the capacity of certain counterterrorism 
          forces in Yemen and East Africa.
Sec. 1204. Limitation on activities under State Partnership Program 
          pending compliance with certain program-related requirements.

     Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Authority to support operations and activities of the Office 
          of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1212. Report on insider attacks in Afghanistan and their effect on 
          the United States transition strategy for Afghanistan.
Sec. 1213. United States military support in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Modification of report on progress toward security and 
          stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Independent assessment of the Afghan National Security 
          Forces.
Sec. 1216. Extension and modification of logistical support for 
          coalition forces supporting certain United States military 
          operations.
Sec. 1217. Report on Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program.
Sec. 1218. One-year extension of authority to use funds for 
          reintegration activities in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1219. One-year extension and modification of authority for program 
          to develop and carry out infrastructure projects in 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1220. Report on updates and modifications to campaign plan for 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1221. Commanders' Emergency Response Program in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1222. Authority to transfer defense articles and provide defense 
          services to the military and security forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1223. Report on efforts to promote the security of Afghan women and 
          girls during the security transition process.
Sec. 1224. Sense of Congress commending the Enduring Strategic 
          Partnership Agreement between the United States and 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1225. Consultations with Congress on a bilateral security agreement 
          with Afghanistan.
Sec. 1226. Completion of transition of United States combat and military 
          and security operations to the Government of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1227. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
          certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
          States military operations.
Sec. 1228. Extension and modification of Pakistan Counterinsurgency 
          Fund.

                  Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Iran

Sec. 1231. Report on United States capabilities in relation to China, 
          North Korea, and Iran.
Sec. 1232. Report on military capabilities of Gulf Cooperation Council 
          members.
Sec. 1233. Sense of Congress with respect to Iran.
Sec. 1234. Rule of construction.

                       Subtitle D--Iran Sanctions

Sec. 1241. Short title.
Sec. 1242. Definitions.
Sec. 1243. Sense of Congress relating to violations of human rights by 
          Iran.
Sec. 1244. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the energy, shipping, 
          and shipbuilding sectors of Iran.
Sec. 1245. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the sale, supply, or 
          transfer of certain materials to or from Iran.
Sec. 1246. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the provision of 
          underwriting services or insurance or reinsurance for 
          activities or persons with respect to which sanctions have 
          been imposed.
Sec. 1247. Imposition of sanctions with respect to foreign financial 
          institutions that facilitate financial transactions on behalf 
          of specially designated nationals.
Sec. 1248. Impositions of sanctions with respect to the Islamic Republic 
          of Iran Broadcasting.
Sec. 1249. Imposition of sanctions with respect to persons engaged in 
          the diversion of goods intended for the people of Iran.
Sec. 1250. Waiver requirement related to exceptional circumstances 
          preventing significant reductions in crude oil purchases.
Sec. 1251. Statute of limitations for civil actions regarding terrorist 
          acts.
Sec. 1252. Report on use of certain Iranian seaports by foreign vessels 
          and use of foreign airports by sanctioned Iranian air 
          carriers.
Sec. 1253. Implementation; penalties.
Sec. 1254. Applicability to certain natural gas projects.
Sec. 1255. Rule of construction.

                Subtitle E--Satellites and Related Items

Sec. 1261. Removal of satellites and related items from the United 
          States Munitions List.
Sec. 1262. Report on licenses and other authorizations to export certain 
          satellites and related items.
Sec. 1263. Report on country exemptions for licensing of exports of 
          certain satellites and related items.
Sec. 1264. End-use monitoring of certain satellites and related items.
Sec. 1265. Interagency review of modifications to Category XV of the 
          United States Munitions List.
Sec. 1266. Rules of construction.
Sec. 1267. Definitions.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1271. Additional elements in annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1272. NATO Special Operations Headquarters.
Sec. 1273. Sustainability requirements for certain capital projects in 
          connection with overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1274. Administration of the American, British, Canadian, and 
          Australian Armies' Program.
Sec. 1275. United States participation in Headquarters Eurocorps.
Sec. 1276. Department of Defense participation in European program on 
          multilateral exchange of air transportation and air refueling 
          services.
Sec. 1277. Prohibition on use of funds to enter into contracts or 
          agreements with Rosoboronexport.
Sec. 1278. Sense of Congress on Iron Dome short-range rocket defense 
          system.
Sec. 1279. Bilateral defense trade relationship with India.
Sec. 1280. United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.
Sec. 1281. Sense of Congress on sale of aircraft to Taiwan.
Sec. 1282. Briefings on dialogue between the United States and the 
          Russian Federation on nuclear arms, missile defense systems, 
          and long-range conventional strike systems.
Sec. 1283. Sense of Congress on efforts to remove or apprehend Joseph 
          Kony from the battlefield and end the atrocities of the Lord's 
          Resistance Army.
Sec. 1284. Imposition of sanctions with respect to support for the rebel 
          group known as M23.
Sec. 1285. Pilot program on repair, overhaul, and refurbishment of 
          defense articles for sale or transfer to eligible foreign 
          countries and entities.
Sec. 1286. Sense of Congress on the situation in the Senkaku Islands.

                           Subtitle G--Reports

Sec. 1291. Review and reports on Department of Defense efforts to build 
          the capacity of and partner with foreign security forces.
Sec. 1292. Additional report on military and security developments 
          involving the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1293. Report on host nation support for overseas United States 
          military installations and United States Armed Forces deployed 
          in country.
Sec. 1294. Report on military activities to deny or significantly 
          degrade the use of air power against civilian and opposition 
          groups in Syria.
Sec. 1295. Report on military assistance provided by Russia to Syria.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of cooperative threat reduction programs and 
          funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.
Sec. 1303. Report on Cooperative Threat Reduction Programs in Russia.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1403. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1404. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1405. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1406. Defense Health Program.

                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411. Authorized uses of National Defense Stockpile funds.
Sec. 1412. Additional security of strategic materials supply chains.
Sec. 1413. Release of materials needed for national defense purposes 
          from the Strategic and Critical Materials Stockpile.

              Subtitle C--Chemical Demilitarization Matters

Sec. 1421. Supplemental chemical agent and munitions destruction 
          technologies at Pueblo Chemical Depot, Colorado, and Blue 
          Grass Army Depot, Kentucky.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 1431. Reduction of unobligated balances within the Pentagon 
          Reservation Maintenance Revolving Fund.
Sec. 1432. Authority for transfer of funds to Joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
          Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1433. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
          Home.
Sec. 1434. Cemeterial expenses.
Sec. 1435. Additional Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Teams.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

         Subtitle A--Authorization of Additional Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Defense Health Program.
Sec. 1508. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.

                      Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1521. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1522. Special transfer authority.

                Subtitle C--Limitations and Other Matters

Sec. 1531. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1532. Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund.
Sec. 1533. One-year extension of project authority and related 
          requirements of Task Force for Business and Stability 
          Operations in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1534. Plan for transition in funding of United States Special 
          Operations Command from supplemental funding for overseas 
          contingency operations to recurring funding under the future-
          years defense program.
Sec. 1535. Assessment of counter-improvised explosive device training 
          and intelligence activities of the Joint Improvised Explosive 
          Device Defeat Organization and national and military 
          intelligence Organizations.

                   TITLE XVI--INDUSTRIAL BASE MATTERS

               Subtitle A--Defense Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 1601. Disestablishment of Defense Materiel Readiness Board.
Sec. 1602. Assessment of effects of foreign boycotts.
Sec. 1603. National security strategy for national technology and 
          industrial base.

 Subtitle B--Department of Defense Activities Related to Small Business 
                                 Matters

Sec. 1611. Role of the directors of small business programs in 
          acquisition processes of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1612. Small Business Ombudsman for defense audit agencies.
Sec. 1613. Independent assessment of Federal procurement contracting 
          performance of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1614. Additional responsibilities of Inspector General of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1615. Restoration of 1 percent funding for administrative expenses 
          of Commercialization Readiness Program of Department of 
          Defense.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Small Business Concerns

               Part I--Procurement Center Representatives

Sec. 1621. Procurement center representatives.
Sec. 1622. Small Business Act contracting requirements training.
Sec. 1623. Acquisition planning.

   Part II--Goals for Procurement Contracts Awarded to Small Business 
                                Concerns

Sec. 1631. Goals for procurement contracts awarded to small business 
          concerns.
Sec. 1632. Reporting on goals for procurement contracts awarded to small 
          business concerns.
Sec. 1633. Senior executives.

                    Part III--Mentor-Protege Programs

Sec. 1641. Mentor-Protege programs.

                 Part IV--Transparency in Subcontracting

Sec. 1651. Limitations on subcontracting.
Sec. 1652. Penalties.
Sec. 1653. Subcontracting plans.
Sec. 1654. Notices of subcontracting opportunities.
Sec. 1655. Publication of certain documents.

              Part V--Small Business Concern Size Standards

Sec. 1661. Small business concern size standards.

                       Part VI--Contract Bundling

Sec. 1671. Contract bundling.

                 Part VII--Increased Penalties for Fraud

Sec. 1681. Safe harbor for good faith compliance efforts.
Sec. 1682. Requirement that fraudulent businesses be suspended or 
          debarred.
Sec. 1683. Annual report on suspensions and debarments proposed by Small 
          Business Administration.

      Part VIII--Offices of Small and Disadvantaged Business Units

Sec. 1691. Offices of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization.
Sec. 1692. Small Business Procurement Advisory Council.

                         Part IX--Other Matters

Sec. 1695. Surety bonds.
Sec. 1696. Conforming Amendments; Repeal of redundant provisions; 
          Regulations.
Sec. 1697. Contracting with small business concerns owned and controlled 
          by women.
Sec. 1698. Small business HUBZones.
Sec. 1699. National Veterans Business Development Corporation.
Sec. 1699a. State Trade and Export Promotion Grant Program.

        TITLE XVII--ENDING TRAFFICKING IN GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING

Sec. 1701. Definitions.
Sec. 1702. Contracting requirements.
Sec. 1703. Compliance plan and certification requirement.
Sec. 1704. Monitoring and investigation of trafficking in persons.
Sec. 1705. Notification to inspectors general and cooperation with 
          Government.
Sec. 1706. Expansion of penalties for fraud in foreign labor contracting 
          to include attempted fraud and work outside the United States.
Sec. 1707. Improving Department of Defense accountability for reporting 
          trafficking in persons claims and violations.
Sec. 1708. Rules of construction; effective date.

           TITLE XVIII--FEDERAL ASSISTANCE TO FIRE DEPARTMENTS

                 Subtitle A--Fire Grants Reauthorization

Sec. 1801. Short title.
Sec. 1802. Amendments to definitions.
Sec. 1803. Assistance to firefighters grants.
Sec. 1804. Staffing for adequate fire and emergency response.
Sec. 1805. Sense of Congress on value and funding of Assistance to 
          Firefighters and Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency 
          Response programs.
Sec. 1806. Report on amendments to Assistance to Firefighters and 
          Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response programs.
Sec. 1807. Studies and reports on the state of fire services.

    Subtitle B--Reauthorization of United States Fire Administration

Sec. 1811. Short title.
Sec. 1812. Clarification of relationship between United States Fire 
          Administration and Federal Emergency Management Agency.
Sec. 1813. Modification of authority of Administrator to educate public 
          about fire and fire prevention.
Sec. 1814. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 1815. Removal of limitation.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2010 project.
Sec. 2105. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2009 
          projects.
Sec. 2106. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2010 
          projects.
Sec. 2107. Extension of limitation on obligation or expenditure of funds 
          for tour normalization.
Sec. 2108. Limitation on project authorization to carry out certain 
          fiscal year 2013 project.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2012 project.
Sec. 2206. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2009 
          projects.
Sec. 2207. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2010 
          projects.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2010 
          projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

                Subtitle A--Defense Agency Authorizations

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2012 projects.
Sec. 2405. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2010 
          project.

          Subtitle B--Chemical Demilitarization Authorizations

Sec. 2411. Authorization of appropriations, chemical demilitarization 
          construction, defense-wide.
Sec. 2412. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          1997 project.

   TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION SECURITY INVESTMENT 
                                 PROGRAM

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition project.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2010 projects.
Sec. 2612. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2011 projects.
Sec. 2613. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2009 
          project.
Sec. 2614. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2010 
          projects.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense Base 
          Closure Account 1990.
Sec. 2702. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense Base 
          Closure Account 2005.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2711. Consolidation of Department of Defense base closure accounts 
          and authorized uses of base closure account funds.
Sec. 2712. Revised base closure and realignment restrictions and 
          Comptroller General assessment of Department of Defense 
          compliance with codified base closure and realignment 
          restrictions.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing 
                                 Changes

Sec. 2801. Authorized cost and scope variations.
Sec. 2802. Preparation of master plans for major military installations.
Sec. 2803. Oversight and accountability for military housing 
          privatization projects and related annual reporting 
          requirements.
Sec. 2804. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
          and maintenance funds for construction projects in certain 
          areas outside the United States.
Sec. 2805. Comptroller General report on in-kind payments.

         Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2811. Clarification of parties with whom Department of Defense may 
          conduct exchanges of real property at certain military 
          installations.
Sec. 2812. Identification requirements for access to military 
          installations.
Sec. 2813. Report on property disposals at certain closed military 
          installations and additional authorities to assist local 
          communities in the vicinity of such installations.
Sec. 2814. Report on reorganization of Air Force Materiel Command 
          organizations.

                       Subtitle C--Energy Security

Sec. 2821. Congressional notification for contracts for the provision 
          and operation of energy production facilities authorized to be 
          located on real property under the jurisdiction of a military 
          department.
Sec. 2822. Availability and use of Department of Defense energy cost 
          savings to promote energy security.
Sec. 2823. Continuation of limitation on use of funds for Leadership in 
          Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) gold or platinum 
          certification.
Sec. 2824. Guidance on financing for renewable energy projects.
Sec. 2825. Energy savings performance contract report.

   Subtitle D--Provisions Related to Asia-Pacific Military Realignment

Sec. 2831. Certification of military readiness need for a Live Fire 
          Training Range Complex on Guam as condition on establishment 
          of range complex.
Sec. 2832. Realignment of Marine Corps forces in Asia-Pacific region.

                      Subtitle E--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2841. Modification of authorized consideration, Broadway Complex of 
          the Department of the Navy, San Diego, California.
Sec. 2842. Use of proceeds, land conveyance, Tyndall Air Force Base, 
          Florida.
Sec. 2843. Land conveyance, John Kunkel Army Reserve Center, Warren, 
          Ohio.
Sec. 2844. Land conveyance, Castner Range, Fort Bliss, Texas.
Sec. 2845. Modification of land conveyance, Fort Hood, Texas.
Sec. 2846. Land conveyance, Local Training Area for Browning Army 
          Reserve Center, Utah.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 2851. Modification of notice requirements in advance of permanent 
          reduction of sizable numbers of members of the Armed Forces at 
          military installations.
Sec. 2852. Acceptance of gifts and services to support military museum 
          programs and use of cooperative agreements with nonprofit 
          entities for military museum and military educational 
          institution programs.
Sec. 2853. Additional exemptions from certain requirements applicable to 
          funding for data servers and centers.
Sec. 2854. Redesignation of the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 
          as the William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense 
          Studies.
Sec. 2855. Sense of Congress regarding establishment of military divers 
          memorial at Washington Navy Yard.
Sec. 2856. Limitation on availability of funds pending report regarding 
          acquisition of land and development of a training range 
          facility adjacent to the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center 
          Twentynine Palms, California.
Sec. 2857. Oversight and maintenance of closed base cemeteries overseas 
          containing the remains of members of the Armed Forces or 
          citizens of the United States.
Sec. 2858. Report on establishment of joint Armed Forces historical 
          storage and preservation facility.
Sec. 2859. Establishment of commemorative work to Gold Star Mothers.
Sec. 2860. Establishment of commemorative work to slaves and free Black 
          persons who served in American Revolution.

    TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition project.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

          Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Authorized personnel levels of the Office of the 
          Administrator.
Sec. 3112. Budget justification materials.
Sec. 3113. National Nuclear Security Administration Council.
Sec. 3114. Replacement project for Chemistry and Metallurgy Research 
          Building, Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico.
Sec. 3115. Design and use of prototypes of nuclear weapons.
Sec. 3116. Two-year extension of schedule for disposition of weapons-
          usable plutonium at Savannah River Site, Aiken, South 
          Carolina.
Sec. 3117. Transparency in contractor performance evaluations by the 
          National Nuclear Security Administration leading to award 
          fees.
Sec. 3118. Modification and extension of authority on acceptance of 
          contributions for acceleration of removal or security of 
          fissile materials, radiological materials, and related 
          equipment at vulnerable sites worldwide.
Sec. 3119. Limitation on availability of funds for Center of Excellence 
          on Nuclear Security.
Sec. 3120. Improvement and streamlining of the missions and operations 
          of the Department of Energy and National Nuclear Security 
          Administration.
Sec. 3121. Cost-benefit analyses for competition of management and 
          operating contracts.
Sec. 3122. Program on scientific engagement for nonproliferation.
Sec. 3123. Cost containment for Uranium Capabilities Replacement 
          Project.

        Subtitle C--Improvements to National Security Energy Laws

Sec. 3131. Improvements to the Atomic Energy Defense Act.
Sec. 3132. Improvements to the National Nuclear Security Administration 
          Act.
Sec. 3133. Consolidated reporting requirements relating to nuclear 
          stockpile stewardship, management, and infrastructure.
Sec. 3134. Repeal of certain reporting requirements.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 3141. Reports on lifetime extension programs.
Sec. 3142. Notification of nuclear criticality and non-nuclear 
          incidents.
Sec. 3143. Quarterly reports to Congress on financial balances for 
          atomic energy defense activities.
Sec. 3144. National Academy of Sciences study on peer review and design 
          competition related to nuclear weapons.
Sec. 3145. Report on defense nuclear nonproliferation programs.
Sec. 3146. Study on reuse of plutonium pits.
Sec. 3147. Assessment of nuclear weapon pit production requirement.
Sec. 3148. Study on a multiagency governance model for national security 
          laboratories.
Sec. 3149. Report on efficiencies in facilities and functions of the 
          National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3150. Study on regional radiological security zones.
Sec. 3151. Report on abandoned uranium mines.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 3161. Use of probabilistic risk assessment to ensure nuclear 
          safety.
Sec. 3162. Submittal to Congress of selected acquisition reports and 
          independent cost estimates on life extension programs and new 
          nuclear facilities.
Sec. 3163. Classification of certain restricted data.
Sec. 3164. Advice to President and Congress regarding safety, security, 
          and reliability of United States nuclear weapons stockpile and 
          nuclear forces.
Sec. 3165. Pilot program on technology commercialization.
Sec. 3166. Congressional advisory panel on the governance of the nuclear 
          security enterprise.

            Subtitle F--American Medical Isotopes Production

Sec. 3171. Short title.
Sec. 3172. Definitions.
Sec. 3173. Improving the reliability of domestic medical isotope supply.
Sec. 3174. Exports.
Sec. 3175. Report on disposition of exports.
Sec. 3176. Domestic medical isotope production.
Sec. 3177. Annual Department reports.
Sec. 3178. National Academy of Sciences report.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Improvements to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                   TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Authorization of appropriations for national security aspects 
          of the merchant marine for fiscal year 2013.
Sec. 3502. Application of the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
Sec. 3503. Limitation of National Defense Reserve Fleet vessels to those 
          over 1,500 gross tons.
Sec. 3504. Donation of excess fuel to maritime academies.
Sec. 3505. Clarification of heading.
Sec. 3506. Transfer of vessels to the National Defense Reserve Fleet.
Sec. 3507. Amendments relating to the National Defense Reserve Fleet.
Sec. 3508. Extension of Maritime Security Fleet program.
Sec. 3509. Container-on-barge transportation.
Sec. 3510. Short sea transportation.
Sec. 3511. Maritime environmental and technical assistance.
Sec. 3512. Identification of actions to enable qualified United States 
          flag capacity to meet national defense requirements.
Sec. 3513. Maritime workforce study.
Sec. 3514. Maritime administration vessel recycling contract award 
          practices.
Sec. 3515. Requirement for barge design.
Sec. 3516. Eligibility to receive surplus training equipment.
Sec. 3517. Coordination with other laws.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy National Security programs.
SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.
    For purposes of this Act, the term ``congressional defense 
committees'' has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of 
title 10, United States Code.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Multiyear procurement authority for Army CH-47 helicopters.
Sec. 112. Reports on airlift requirements of the Army.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Extension of Ford class aircraft carrier construction 
          authority.
Sec. 122. Multiyear procurement authority for Virginia class submarine 
          program.
Sec. 123. Multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh Burke class 
          destroyers and associated systems.
Sec. 124. Limitation on availability of amounts for second Ford class 
          aircraft carrier.
Sec. 125. Refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. Abraham Lincoln.
Sec. 126. Designation of mission modules of the Littoral Combat Ship as 
          a major defense acquisition program.
Sec. 127. Report on Littoral Combat Ship designs.
Sec. 128. Comptroller General review of Littoral Combat Ship program.
Sec. 129. Sense of Congress on importance of engineering in early stages 
          of shipbuilding.
Sec. 130. Sense of Congress on nuclear-powered ballistic submarines.
Sec. 131. Sense of Congress on Marine Corps amphibious lift and presence 
          requirements.
Sec. 132. Sense of the Senate on Department of the Navy fiscal year 2014 
          budget request for tactical aviation aircraft.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Reduction in number of aircraft required to be maintained in 
          strategic airlift aircraft inventory.
Sec. 142. Retirement of B-1 bomber aircraft.
Sec. 143. Avionics systems for C-130 aircraft.
Sec. 144. Treatment of certain programs for the F-22A Raptor aircraft as 
          major defense acquisition programs.

               Subtitle E--Joint and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Multiyear procurement authority for V-22 joint aircraft 
          program.
Sec. 152. Procurement of space-based infrared systems satellites.
Sec. 153. Limitation on availability of funds for evolved expendable 
          launch vehicle program.
Sec. 154. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RQ-4 
          Global Hawk unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 155. Requirement to set F-35 aircraft initial operational 
          capability dates.
Sec. 156. Shallow Water Combat Submersible program.
Sec. 157. Requirement that tactical manned intelligence, surveillance, 
          and reconnaissance aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles use 
          specified standard data link.
Sec. 158. Study on small arms and small-caliber ammunition capabilities.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
     Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
2013 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the 
Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding 
table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

    SEC. 111. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR ARMY CH-47 
      HELICOPTERS.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Army may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2013 program year, for the procurement of airframes for CH-47F 
helicopters.
    (b) Condition for Out-Year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2013 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    SEC. 112. REPORTS ON AIRLIFT REQUIREMENTS OF THE ARMY.
    (a) Reports.--
        (1) Initial report.--Not later than March 31, 2013, the 
    Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report described in paragraph (3).
        (2) Annual reports.--Not later than October 31, 2013, and each 
    year thereafter through 2017, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report described in paragraph 
    (3).
        (3) Report described.--A report described in this paragraph is 
    a report on the time-sensitive or mission-critical airlift 
    requirements of the Army.
    (b) Matters Included.--The reports submitted under subsection (a) 
shall include, with respect to the fiscal year before the fiscal year 
in which the report is submitted, the following information:
        (1) The total number of time-sensitive or mission-critical 
    airlift movements required for training, steady-state, and 
    contingency operations.
        (2) The total number of time-sensitive or mission-critical 
    airlift sorties executed for training, steady-state, and 
    contingency operations.
        (3) Of the total number of sorties listed under paragraph (2), 
    the number of such sorties that were operated using each of--
            (A) aircraft of the Army;
            (B) aircraft of the Air Force;
            (C) aircraft of contractors; and
            (D) aircraft of other organizations not described in 
        subparagraph (A), (B), or (C).
        (4) For each sortie described under subparagraph (A), (C), or 
    (D) of paragraph (3), an explanation for why the Secretary did not 
    use aircraft of the Air Force to support the mission.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

    SEC. 121. EXTENSION OF FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER CONSTRUCTION 
      AUTHORITY.
    Section 121(a) of the John Warner National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2104), as 
amended by section 124 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1320), is amended by 
striking ``four fiscal years'' and inserting ``five fiscal years''.
    SEC. 122. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR VIRGINIA CLASS 
      SUBMARINE PROGRAM.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2014 program year, for the procurement of Virginia class submarines and 
Government-furnished equipment associated with the Virginia class 
submarine program.
    (b) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary may enter 
into one or more contracts, beginning in fiscal year 2013, for advance 
procurement associated with the vessels and equipment for which 
authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement contract is 
provided under subsection (a).
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2013 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (d) Limitation on Termination Liability.--A contract for the 
construction of vessels or equipment entered into in accordance with 
subsection (a) shall include a clause that limits the liability of the 
United States to the contractor for any termination of the contract. 
The maximum liability of the United States under the clause shall be 
the amount appropriated for the vessels or equipment covered by the 
contract. Additionally, in the event of cancellation, the maximum 
liability of the United States shall include the amount of the unfunded 
cancellation ceiling in the contract.
    (e) Authority to Expand Multiyear Procurement.--The Secretary may 
employ incremental funding for the procurement of Virginia class 
submarines and Government-furnished equipment associated with the 
Virginia class submarines to be procured during fiscal years 2013 
through 2018 if the Secretary--
        (1) determines that such an approach will permit the Navy to 
    procure an additional Virginia class submarine in fiscal year 2014; 
    and
        (2) intends to use the funding for that purpose.
    SEC. 123. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS 
      DESTROYERS AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2013 program year, for the procurement of up to 10 Arleigh Burke class 
Flight IIA guided missile destroyers, as well as the Aegis weapon 
systems, MK 41 vertical launching systems, and commercial broadband 
satellite systems associated with such vessels.
    (b) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary may enter 
into one or more contracts, beginning in fiscal year 2013, for advance 
procurement associated with the vessels and systems for which 
authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement contract is 
provided under subsection (a).
    (c) Condition for Out-Year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2013 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    SEC. 124. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF AMOUNTS FOR SECOND FORD 
      CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2013 for shipbuilding and 
conversion for the second Ford class aircraft carrier, not more than 50 
percent may be obligated or expended until the Secretary of the Navy 
submits to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth 
a description of the program management and cost control measures that 
will be employed in constructing the second Ford class aircraft 
carrier.
    (b) Elements.--The report described in subsection (a) shall include 
a plan with respect to the Ford class aircraft carriers to--
        (1) maximize planned work in shops and early stages of 
    construction;
        (2) sequence construction of structural units to maximize the 
    effects of lessons learned;
        (3) incorporate design changes to improve producibility for the 
    Ford class aircraft carriers;
        (4) increase the size of erection units to eliminate disruptive 
    unit breaks and improve unit alignment and fairness;
        (5) increase outfitting levels for assembled units before 
    erection in the dry dock;
        (6) increase overall ship completion levels at each key 
    construction event;
        (7) improve facilities in a manner that will lead to improved 
    productivity; and
        (8) ensure the shipbuilder initiates plans that will improve 
    productivity through capital improvements that would provide 
    targeted return on investment, including--
            (A) increasing the amount of temporary and permanent 
        covered work areas;
            (B) adding ramps and service towers for improved access to 
        work sites and the dry dock; and
            (C) increasing lift capacity to enable construction of 
        larger, more fully outfitted super-lifts.
    SEC. 125. REFUELING AND COMPLEX OVERHAUL OF THE U.S.S. ABRAHAM 
      LINCOLN.
    (a) Amount Authorized From SCN Account.--Of the funds authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 2013 by section 101 and available for 
shipbuilding and conversion as specified in the funding table in 
section 4101, $1,517,292,000 is authorized to be available for the 
commencement of the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of the 
U.S.S. Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) during fiscal year 2013. The amount 
authorized to be made available in the preceding sentence is the first 
increment in the two-year sequence of incremental funding planned for 
the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of that vessel.
    (b) Contract Authority.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
contract during fiscal year 2013 for the nuclear refueling and complex 
overhaul of the U.S.S. Abraham Lincoln.
    (c) Condition for Out-Year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (b) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2013 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for that later fiscal year.
    SEC. 126. DESIGNATION OF MISSION MODULES OF THE LITTORAL COMBAT 
      SHIP AS A MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAM.
    (a) Designation Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) designate the effort to develop and produce all variants of 
    the mission modules in support of the Littoral Combat Ship program 
    as a major defense acquisition program under section 2430 of title 
    10, United States Code; and
        (2) with respect to the development and production of each such 
    variant, submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
    setting forth such cost, schedule, and performance information as 
    would be provided if such effort were a major defense acquisition 
    program, including Selected Acquisition Reports, unit cost reports, 
    and program baselines.
    (b) Additional Quarterly Reports.--The Secretary shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees on a quarterly basis a report on 
the development and production of each variant of the mission modules 
in support of the Littoral Combat Ship, including cost, schedule, and 
performance, and identifying actual and potential problems with such 
development or production and potential mitigation plans to address 
such problems.
    SEC. 127. REPORT ON LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP DESIGNS.
    Not later than December 31, 2013, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the designs 
of the Littoral Combat Ship, including comparative cost and performance 
information for both designs of such ship.
    SEC. 128. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Acceptance of LCS-1 and LCS-2.--The Comptroller General of the 
United States shall conduct a review of the compliance of the Secretary 
of the Navy with subpart 246.5 of title 48 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations and subpart 46.5 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation in 
accepting the LCS-1 and LCS-2 Littoral Combat Ships.
    (b) Operational Support.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the operational support 
and sustainment strategy for the Littoral Combat Ship program, 
including manning, training, maintenance, and logistics support.
    (c) Cooperation.--For purposes of conducting the review under 
subsection (a) and the report under subsection (b), the Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that the Comptroller General has access to--
        (1) all relevant records of the Department; and
        (2) all relevant communications between Department officials, 
    whether such communications occurred inside or outside the Federal 
    Government.
    SEC. 129. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON IMPORTANCE OF ENGINEERING IN EARLY 
      STAGES OF SHIPBUILDING.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) placing a priority on engineering dollars in the early 
    stages of shipbuilding programs is a vital component of keeping 
    cost down; and
        (2) therefore, the Secretary of the Navy should take 
    appropriate steps to prioritize early engineering in large ship 
    construction including amphibious class ships beginning with the 
    LHA-8.
    SEC. 130. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON NUCLEAR-POWERED BALLISTIC 
      SUBMARINES.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the continuous at-sea deterrence provided by a robust and 
    modern fleet of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines is 
    critical to maintaining nuclear deterrence and assurance and 
    therefore is a central pillar of the national security of the 
    United States;
        (2) the Navy should--
            (A) carry out a program to replace the Ohio class ballistic 
        missile submarines;
            (B) ensure that the first such replacement submarine is 
        delivered and fully operational by not later than 2031 in order 
        to maintain continuous at-sea deterrence; and
            (C) develop a risk mitigation plan to ensure that robust 
        continuous at-sea deterrence is provided during the transition 
        from Ohio class ballistic missile submarines to the replacement 
        submarines; and
        (3) a minimum of 12 replacement ballistic missile submarines 
    are necessary to provide continuous at-sea deterrence over the 
    lifetime of such submarines and, therefore, the Navy should carry 
    out a program to produce 12 such submarines.
    SEC. 131. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON MARINE CORPS AMPHIBIOUS LIFT AND 
      PRESENCE REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
        (1) The Marine Corps is a combat force that leverages maneuver 
    from the sea as a force multiplier allowing for a variety of 
    operational tasks ranging from major combat operations to 
    humanitarian assistance.
        (2) The Marine Corps is unique in that, while embarked upon 
    naval vessels, they bring all the logistic support necessary for 
    the full range of military operations and, operating ``from the 
    sea'', they require no third-party host nation permission to 
    conduct military operations.
        (3) The Navy has a requirement for 38 amphibious assault ships 
    to meet this full range of military operations.
        (4) Due only to fiscal constraints, that requirement of 38 
    vessels was reduced to 33 vessels, which adds military risk to 
    future operations.
        (5) The Navy has been unable to meet even the minimal 
    requirement of 30 operationally available vessels and has submitted 
    a shipbuilding and ship retirement plan to Congress that will 
    reduce the force to 28 vessels.
        (6) Experience has shown that early engineering and design of 
    naval vessels has significantly reduced the acquisition costs and 
    life-cycle costs of those vessels.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the Department of Defense should carefully evaluate the 
    maritime force structure necessary to execute demand for forces by 
    the commanders of the combatant commands;
        (2) the Navy should carefully evaluate amphibious lift 
    capabilities to meet current and projected requirements;
        (3) the Navy should consider prioritization of investment in 
    and procurement of the next generation of amphibious assault ships 
    as a component of the balanced battle force;
        (4) the next generation amphibious assault ships should 
    maintain survivability protection;
        (5) operation and maintenance requirements analysis, as well as 
    the potential to leverage a common hull form design, should be 
    considered to reduce total ownership cost and acquisition cost; and
        (6) maintaining a robust amphibious ship building industrial 
    base is vital for the future of the national security of the United 
    States.
    SEC. 132. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY FISCAL YEAR 
      2014 BUDGET REQUEST FOR TACTICAL AVIATION AIRCRAFT.
    It is the sense of the Senate that, if the budget request of the 
Department of the Navy for fiscal year 2014 for F-18 aircraft includes 
a request for funds for more than 13 new F-18 aircraft, the budget 
request of the Department of the Navy for fiscal year 2014 for F-35 
aircraft should include a request for funds for not fewer than six F-
35B aircraft and four F-35C aircraft, presuming that development, 
testing, and production of the F-35 aircraft are proceeding according 
to current plans.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

    SEC. 141. REDUCTION IN NUMBER OF AIRCRAFT REQUIRED TO BE MAINTAINED 
      IN STRATEGIC AIRLIFT AIRCRAFT INVENTORY.
    (a) Reduction in Inventory Requirement.--Section 8062(g)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: ``Effective on the date that is 45 days after 
the date on which the report under section 141(c)(3) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 is submitted to the 
congressional defense committees, the Secretary shall maintain a total 
aircraft inventory of strategic airlift aircraft of not less than 275 
aircraft.''.
    (b) Modification of Certification Requirement.--Section 
137(d)(3)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2221) is amended by striking ``316 
strategic airlift aircraft'' and inserting ``275 strategic airlift 
aircraft''.
    (c) Mobility Requirements and Capabilities Study 2018.--
        (1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
    Evaluation and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in 
    coordination with the Commander of the United States Transportation 
    Command and the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
    jointly conduct a study that assesses the end-to-end, full-spectrum 
    mobility requirements for all aspects of the National Military 
    Strategy derived from the National Defense Strategy that is a 
    result of the 2012 Defense Strategic Guidance published by the 
    President in February 2012 and other planning documents of the 
    Department of Defense.
        (2) Matters included.--The study under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A definition of what combinations of air mobility, 
        sealift, surface movements, prepositioning, forward stationing, 
        seabasing, engineering, and infrastructure requirements and 
        capabilities provide low, moderate, significant and high levels 
        of operational risk to meet the National Military Strategy.
            (B) A description and analysis of the assumptions made by 
        the Commander of the United States Transportation Command with 
        respect to aircraft usage rates, aircraft mission availability 
        rates, aircraft mission capability rates, aircrew ratios, 
        aircrew production, and aircrew readiness rates.
            (C) An analysis of different combinations of air mobility, 
        sealift, surface movements, prepositioning, forward stationing, 
        seabasing, engineering, and infrastructure requirements and 
        capabilities required to support theater and tactical 
        deployment and distribution, including--
                (i) the identification, quantification, and description 
            of the associated operational risk (as defined by the 
            Military Risk Matrix in the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
            Staff Instruction 3401.01E) for each excursion as it 
            relates to the combatant commander achieving strategic and 
            operational objectives; and
                (ii) any assumptions made with respect to the 
            availability of commercial airlift and sealift capabilities 
            and resources when applicable.
            (D) A consideration of metrics developed during the most 
        recent operational availability assessment and joint forcible 
        entry operations assessment.
            (E) An assessment of requirements and capabilities for 
        major combat operations, lesser contingency operations as 
        specified in the Baseline Security Posture of the Department of 
        Defense, homeland defense, defense support to civilian 
        authorities, other strategic missions related to national 
        missions, global strike, the strategic nuclear mission, and 
        direct support and time-sensitive airlift missions of the 
        military departments.
            (F) An examination, including a discussion of the 
        sensitivity of any related conclusions and assumptions, of the 
        variations regarding alternative modes (land, air, and sea) and 
        sources (military, civilian, and foreign) of strategic and 
        theater lift, and variations in forward basing, seabasing, 
        prepositioning (afloat and ashore), air-refueling capability, 
        advanced logistics concepts, and destination theater austerity, 
        based on the new global footprint and global presence 
        initiatives.
            (G) An identification of mobility capability gaps, 
        shortfalls, overlaps, or excesses, including--
                (i) an assessment of associated risks with respect to 
            the ability to conduct operations; and
                (ii) recommended mitigation strategies where possible.
            (H) An identification of mobility capability alternatives 
        that mitigate the potential impacts on the logistic system, 
        including--
                (i) a consideration of traditional, non-traditional, 
            irregular, catastrophic, and disruptive challenges; and
                (ii) a description of how derived mobility requirements 
            and capabilities support the accepted balance of risk in 
            addressing all five categories of such challenges.
            (I) The articulation of all key assumptions made in 
        conducting the study with respect to--
                (i) risk;
                (ii) programmed forces and infrastructure;
                (iii) readiness, manning, and spares;
                (iv) scenario guidance from defense planning scenarios 
            and multi-service force deployments;
                (v) concurrency of major operations;
                (vi) integrated global presence and basing strategy;
                (vii) host nation or third-country support;
                (viii) use of weapons of mass destruction by an enemy; 
            and
                (ix) aircraft being used for training or undergoing 
            depot maintenance or modernization.
            (J) A description of the logistics concept of operations 
        and assumptions, including any support concepts, methods, 
        combat support forces, and combat service support forces that 
        are required to enable the projection and enduring support to 
        forces both deployed and in combat for each analytic scenario.
            (K) An assessment, and incorporation as necessary, of the 
        findings, conclusions, capability gaps, and shortfalls derived 
        from the study under section 112(d) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 
        Stat. 1318).
        (3) Submission.--The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
    Evaluation and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall 
    jointly submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
    containing the study under paragraph (1).
        (4) Form.--The report required by paragraph (3) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (d) Preservation of Certain Retired C-5 Aircraft.--The Secretary of 
the Air Force shall preserve each C-5 aircraft that is retired by the 
Secretary during a period in which the total inventory of strategic 
airlift aircraft of the Secretary is less than 301, such that the 
retired aircraft--
        (1) is stored in flyable condition;
        (2) can be returned to service; and
        (3) is not used to supply parts to other aircraft unless 
    specifically authorized by the Secretary of Defense upon a request 
    by the Secretary of the Air Force.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``mobility'' means the--
            (A) deployment, sustainment, and redeployment of the 
        personnel and equipment needed to execute the National Defense 
        Strategy to air and seaports of embarkation, intertheater 
        deployment to air and seaports of debarkation, and intratheater 
        deployment to tactical assembly areas; and
            (B) the employment of aerial refueling assets and 
        intratheater movement and infrastructure in support of 
        deployment and sustainment of combat forces.
        (2) The term ``National Military Strategy'' means the National 
    Military Strategy prescribed by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
    Staff under section 153 of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 142. RETIREMENT OF B-1 BOMBER AIRCRAFT.
    (a) In General.--Section 8062 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h)(1) Beginning October 1, 2011, the Secretary of the Air Force 
may not retire more than six B-1 aircraft.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall maintain in a common capability 
configuration not less than 36 B-1 aircraft as combat-coded aircraft.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `combat-coded aircraft' means 
aircraft assigned to meet the primary aircraft authorization to a unit 
for the performance of its wartime mission.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 132 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 
1320) is amended by striking subsection (c).
    SEC. 143. AVIONICS SYSTEMS FOR C-130 AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Limitations.--
        (1) Avionics modernization program.--The Secretary of the Air 
    Force may not take any action to cancel or modify the avionics 
    modernization program for C-130 aircraft until a period of 90 days 
    has elapsed after the date on which the Secretary submits to the 
    congressional defense committees the cost-benefit analysis 
    conducted under subsection (b)(1).
        (2) CNS/ATM program.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary may not take any action 
        described in subparagraph (B) until a period of 90 days has 
        elapsed after the date on which the Secretary submits to the 
        congressional defense committees the cost-benefit analysis 
        conducted under subsection (b)(1).
            (B) Covered actions.--An action described in this 
        subparagraph is an action to begin an alternative 
        communication, navigation, surveillance, and air traffic 
        management program for C-130 aircraft that is designed or 
        intended--
                (i) to meet international communication, navigation, 
            surveillance, and air traffic management standards for the 
            fleet of C-130 aircraft; or
                (ii) to replace the current avionics modernization 
            program for the C-130 aircraft.
    (b) Cost-Benefit Analysis.--
        (1) FFRDC.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into an agreement 
    with the Institute for Defense Analyses to conduct an independent 
    cost-benefit analysis that compares the following alternatives:
            (A) Upgrading and modernizing the legacy C-130 airlift 
        fleet using the C-130 avionics modernization program.
            (B) Upgrading and modernizing the legacy C-130 airlift 
        fleet using a reduced scope program for avionics and mission 
        planning systems.
        (2) Matters included.--The cost-benefit analysis conducted 
    under paragraph (1) shall take into account--
            (A) the effect of life-cycle costs for--
                (i) adopting each of the alternatives described in 
            subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1); and
                (ii) supporting C-130 aircraft that are not upgraded or 
            modernized; and
            (B) the costs associated with the potential upgrades to 
        avionics and mission systems that may be required for legacy C-
        130 aircraft to remain relevant and mission effective in the 
        future.
    SEC. 144. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN PROGRAMS FOR THE F-22A RAPTOR 
      AIRCRAFT AS MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall treat the programs 
referred to in subsection (b) for the F-22A Raptor aircraft as a major 
defense acquisition program for which Selected Acquisition Reports 
shall be submitted to Congress in accordance with the requirements of 
section 2432 of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Covered Programs.--The programs referred to in this subsection 
for the F-22A Raptor aircraft are the modernization Increment 3.2B and 
any future F-22A Raptor aircraft modernization program that would 
otherwise, if a standalone program, qualify for treatment as a major 
defense acquisition program for purposes of chapter 144 of title 10, 
United States Code.
    (c) Other Reports.--Not later than March 1 of each year, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the costs, schedules, and performances of the 
reliability and maintainability maturation program and the structural 
repair program of the F-22A Raptor modernization program, including a 
comparison of such costs, schedules, and performances to an appropriate 
baseline.

               Subtitle E--Joint and Multiservice Matters

    SEC. 151. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR V-22 JOINT AIRCRAFT 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2013 program year, for the procurement of V-22 aircraft for the 
Department of the Navy, the Department of the Air Force, and the United 
States Special Operations Command.
    (b) Condition for Out-Year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2013 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    SEC. 152. PROCUREMENT OF SPACE-BASED INFRARED SYSTEMS SATELLITES.
    (a) Contract Authority.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force may procure two 
    space-based infrared systems satellites by entering into a fixed-
    price contract. Such procurement may also include--
            (A) material and equipment in economic order quantities 
        when cost savings are achievable; and
            (B) cost-reduction initiatives.
        (2) Use of incremental funding.--With respect to a contract 
    entered into under paragraph (1) for the procurement of space-based 
    infrared systems satellites, the Secretary may use incremental 
    funding for a period not to exceed six fiscal years.
        (3) Liability.--A contract entered into under paragraph (1) 
    shall provide that any obligation of the United States to make a 
    payment under the contract is subject to the availability of 
    appropriations for that purpose, and that the total liability to 
    the Government for termination of any contract entered into shall 
    be limited to the total amount of funding obligated at the time of 
    termination.
    (b) Limitation of Costs.--
        (1) Limitation.--Except as provided by subsection (c), and 
    excluding amounts described in paragraph (2), the total amount 
    obligated or expended for the procurement of two space-based 
    infrared systems satellites authorized by subsection (a) may not 
    exceed $3,900,000,000.
        (2) Exclusion.--The amounts described in this paragraph are 
    amounts associated with the following:
            (A) Plans.
            (B) Technical data packages.
            (C) Post delivery and program support costs.
            (D) Technical support for obsolescence studies.
    (c) Waiver and Adjustment to Limitation Amount.--
        (1) Waiver.--In accordance with paragraph (2), the Secretary 
    may waive the limitation in subsection (b)(1) if the Secretary 
    submits to the congressional defense committees and the Permanent 
    Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives 
    written notification of the adjustment made to the amount set forth 
    in such subsection.
        (2) Adjustment.--Upon waiving the limitation under paragraph 
    (1), the Secretary may adjust the amount set forth in subsection 
    (b)(1) by the following:
            (A) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        attributable to economic inflation after September 30, 2012.
            (B) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        attributable to compliance with changes in Federal, State, or 
        local laws enacted after September 30, 2012.
            (C) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs of the 
        satellites that are attributable to insertion of new technology 
        into a space-based infrared system, as compared to the 
        technology built into such a system procured prior to fiscal 
        year 2013, if the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that insertion of the new 
        technology is--
                (i) expected to decrease the life-cycle cost of the 
            system; or
                (ii) required to meet an emerging threat that poses 
            grave harm to national security.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Secretary awards a contract under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees and the Permanent Select 
Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives a report on 
such contract, including the following:
        (1) The total cost savings resulting from the authority 
    provided by subsection (a).
        (2) The type and duration of the contract awarded.
        (3) The total contract value.
        (4) The funding profile by year.
        (5) The terms of the contract regarding the treatment of 
    changes by the Federal Government to the requirements of the 
    contract, including how any such changes may affect the success of 
    the contract.
        (6) A plan for using cost savings described in paragraph (1) to 
    improve the capability of overhead persistent infrared, including a 
    description of--
            (A) the available funds, by year, resulting from such cost 
        savings;
            (B) the specific activities or subprograms to be funded by 
        such cost savings and the funds, by year, allocated to each 
        such activity or subprogram;
            (C) the objectives for each such activity or subprogram and 
        the criteria used by the Secretary to determine which such 
        activity or subprogram to fund;
            (D) the method in which such activities or subprograms will 
        be awarded, including whether it will be on a competitive 
        basis; and
            (E) the process for determining how and when such 
        activities and subprograms would transition to an existing 
        program or be established as a new program of record.
    (e) Use of Funds Available for Space Vehicle Numbers 5 and 6.--The 
Secretary may obligate and expend amounts authorized to be appropriated 
for fiscal year 2013 by section 101 for procurement, Air Force, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4101 and available for the 
advanced procurement of long-lead parts and the replacement of obsolete 
parts for space-based infrared system satellite space vehicle numbers 5 
and 6.
    (f) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary should not enter into a fixed-price contract under subsection 
(a) for the procurement of two space-based infrared system satellites 
unless the Secretary determines that entering into such a contract will 
save the Air Force substantial savings, as required under section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, over the cost of procuring two such 
satellites separately.
    SEC. 153. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR EVOLVED 
      EXPENDABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE PROGRAM.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2013 for the Air Force 
for the evolved expendable launch vehicle program, 10 percent may not 
be obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary of the 
Air Force submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
        (1) a report describing the acquisition strategy for such 
    program; and
        (2) written certification that such strategy--
            (A) maintains assured access to space;
            (B) achieves substantial cost savings; and
            (C) provides opportunities for competition.
    (b) Matters Included.--The report under subsection (a)(1) shall 
include the following information:
        (1) The anticipated savings to be realized under the 
    acquisition strategy for the evolved expendable launch vehicle 
    program.
        (2) The number of launch vehicle booster cores covered by the 
    planned contract for such program.
        (3) The number of years covered by such contract.
        (4) An assessment of when new entrants that have submitted a 
    statement of intent will be certified to compete for evolved 
    expendable launch vehicle-class launches.
        (5) The projected launch manifest, including possible 
    opportunities for certified new entrants to compete for evolved 
    expendable launch vehicle-class launches.
        (6) Any other relevant analysis used to inform the acquisition 
    strategy for such program.
    (c) Comptroller General.--
        (1) Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
    review the report under subsection (a)(1).
        (2) Submittal.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which 
    the report under subsection (a)(1) is submitted to the appropriate 
    congressional committees, the Comptroller General shall--
            (A) submit to such committees a report on the review under 
        paragraph (1); or
            (B) provide to such committees a briefing on such review.
    (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
        (1) The congressional defense committees.
        (2) The Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House 
    of Representatives and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
    Senate.
    SEC. 154. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF RQ-
      4 GLOBAL HAWK UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.
    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2013 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare 
to retire, or place in storage an RQ-4 Block 30 Global Hawk unmanned 
aircraft system.
    (b) Maintained Levels.--During the period preceding December 31, 
2014, in supporting the operational requirements of the combatant 
commands, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain the operational 
capability of each RQ-4 Block 30 Global Hawk unmanned aircraft system 
belonging to the Air Force or delivered to the Air Force during such 
period.
    SEC. 155. REQUIREMENT TO SET F-35 AIRCRAFT INITIAL OPERATIONAL 
      CAPABILITY DATES.
    (a) F-35A.--Not later than June 1, 2013, the Secretary of the Air 
Force shall--
        (1) establish the initial operational capability date for the 
    F-35A aircraft; and
        (2) submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
    the details of such initial operational capability.
    (b) F-35B and F-35C.--Not later than June 1, 2013, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall--
        (1) establish the initial operational capability dates for the 
    F-35B and F-35C aircraft; and
        (2) submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
    the details of such initial operational capabilities for both 
    variants.
    SEC. 156. SHALLOW WATER COMBAT SUBMERSIBLE PROGRAM.
    (a) Initial Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict, in coordination with the 
Commander of the United States Special Operations Command, shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
following:
        (1) A description of all efforts under the Shallow Water Combat 
    Submersible program and the United States Special Operations 
    Command to improve the accuracy of the tracking of the schedule and 
    costs of the program.
        (2) The revised timeline for the initial and full operational 
    capability of the Shallow Water Combat Submersible, including 
    details outlining and justifying the revised baseline to the 
    program.
        (3) Current cost estimates to meet the basis of issue 
    requirement under the program.
        (4) An assessment of existing program risk through the 
    completion of operational testing.
    (b) Subsequent Reports.--
        (1) Quarterly reports required.--The Assistant Secretary, in 
    coordination with the Commander of the United States Special 
    Operations Command, shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees on a quarterly basis updates on the schedule and cost 
    performance of the contractor of the Shallow Water Combat 
    Submersible program, including metrics from the earned value 
    management system.
        (2) Sunset.--The requirement in paragraph (1) shall cease on 
    the date the Shallow Water Combat Submersible has completed 
    operational testing and has been found to be operationally 
    effective and operationally suitable.
    SEC. 157. REQUIREMENT THAT TACTICAL MANNED INTELLIGENCE, 
      SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT AND UNMANNED AERIAL 
      VEHICLES USE SPECIFIED STANDARD DATA LINK.
    (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall take such steps as 
necessary to ensure that (except as specified in subsection (c)) all 
covered aircraft of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force are 
equipped and configured so that--
        (1) the data link used by those vehicles is the Department of 
    Defense standard tactical manned intelligence, surveillance, and 
    reconnaissance aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicle data link known 
    as the Common Data Link or a data link that uses waveform capable 
    of transmitting and receiving Internet Protocol communications; and
        (2) with respect to unmanned aerial vehicles, such vehicles use 
    data formats consistent with the architectural standard known as 
    STANAG 4586 that was developed to facilitate multinational 
    interoperability among NATO member nations.
    (b) Solicitations.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that any 
solicitation issued for a Common Data Link described in subsection (a), 
regardless of whether the solicitation is issued by a military 
department or a contractor with respect to a subcontract--
        (1) conforms to a Department of Defense specification standard, 
    including interfaces and waveforms, existing as of the date of the 
    solicitation; and
        (2) does not include any proprietary or undocumented waveforms 
    or control interfaces or data interfaces as a requirement or 
    criterion for evaluation.
    (c) Waiver.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics may waive the applicability of this section 
to any covered aircraft if the Under Secretary determines, and 
certifies to the congressional defense committees, that--
        (1) it would be technologically infeasible or economically 
    unacceptable to apply this section to such aircraft; or
        (2) such aircraft is under a special access program that is not 
    considered a major defense acquisition program.
    (d) Covered Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
aircraft'' means--
        (1) tactical manned intelligence, surveillance, and 
    reconnaissance aircraft; and
        (2) unmanned aerial vehicles.
    (e) Conforming Repeal.--Section 141 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 119 Stat. 
3163) is repealed.
    SEC. 158. STUDY ON SMALL ARMS AND SMALL-CALIBER AMMUNITION 
      CAPABILITIES.
    (a) Study.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into a 
    contract with a federally funded research and development center to 
    conduct a study on the requirements analysis and determination 
    processes and capabilities of the Department of Defense with 
    respect to small arms and small-caliber ammunition that carries out 
    each of the following:
            (A) A comparative evaluation of the current military small 
        arms in use by the Armed Forces, including general purpose and 
        special operations forces, and select military equivalent 
        commercial candidates not necessarily in use militarily but 
        currently available.
            (B) A comparative evaluation of the standard small-caliber 
        ammunition of the Department with other small-caliber 
        ammunition alternatives.
            (C) An assessment of the current plans of the Department to 
        modernize the small arms and small-caliber ammunition 
        capabilities of the Department.
            (D) An assessment of the requirements analysis and 
        determination processes of the Department for small arms and 
        small-caliber ammunition.
        (2) Factors to consider.--The study required under paragraph 
    (1) shall take into consideration the following factors:
            (A) Current and future operating environments, as specified 
        or referred to in strategic guidance and planning documents of 
        the Department.
            (B) Capability gaps identified in small arms and small-
        caliber ammunition capabilities based assessments of the 
        Department.
            (C) Actions taken by the Secretary to address capability 
        gaps identified in any such capabilities based assessments.
            (D) Findings from studies of the Department of Defense 
        Small Arms and Small-Caliber Ammunition defense support team 
        and actions taken by the Secretary in response to such 
        findings.
            (E) Findings from the assessment required by section 143 of 
        the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) and actions 
        taken by the Secretary in response to such findings.
            (F) Modifications and improvements recently applied to 
        small arms and small-caliber ammunition of the Armed Forces, 
        including general purpose and special operations forces, as 
        well as the potential for continued modification and 
        improvement.
            (G) Impacts to the small arms production industrial base 
        and small-caliber ammunition industrial base, if any, 
        associated with changes from current U.S. or NATO standard 
        caliber weapons or ammunition sizes.
            (H) Total life cycle costs of each small arms system and 
        small-caliber ammunition, including incremental increases in 
        cost for industrial facilitization or small arms and ammunition 
        procurement, if any, associated with changes described in 
        subparagraph (G).
            (I) Any other factor the federally funded research and 
        development center considers appropriate.
        (3) Access to information.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
    federally funded research and development center conducting the 
    study under paragraph (1) has access to all necessary data, 
    records, analyses, personnel, and other resources necessary to 
    complete the study.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2013, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report containing the results of the study conducted under 
    subsection (a)(1), together with the comments of the Secretary on 
    the findings contained in the study.
        (2) Classified annex.--The report shall be in unclassified 
    form, but may contain a classified annex.
    (c) Small Arms Defined.--In this section, the term ``small arms'' 
means weapons assigned to and operated by an individual member of the 
Armed Forces, including handguns, rifles and carbines (including sniper 
and designated marksman weapons), sub-machine guns, and light-machine 
guns.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Next-generation long-range strike bomber aircraft nuclear 
          certification requirement.
Sec. 212. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for Unmanned 
          Carrier-launched Surveillance and Strike system program.
Sec. 213. Limitation on availability of funds for milestone A activities 
          for an Army medium range multi-purpose vertical takeoff and 
          landing unmanned aircraft system.
Sec. 214. Use of funds for conventional prompt global strike program.
Sec. 215. Next Generation Foundry for the Defense Microelectronics 
          Activity.
Sec. 216. Advanced rotorcraft initiative.

                  Subtitle C--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 221. Prohibition on the use of funds for the MEADS program.
Sec. 222. Availability of funds for Iron Dome short-range rocket defense 
          program.
Sec. 223. Authority for relocation of certain Aegis weapon system assets 
          between and within the DDG-51 class destroyer and Aegis Ashore 
          programs in order to meet mission requirements.
Sec. 224. Evaluation of alternatives for the precision tracking space 
          system.
Sec. 225. Next generation Exo-atmospheric Kill Vehicle.
Sec. 226. Modernization of the Patriot air and missile defense system.
Sec. 227. Evaluation and environmental impact assessment of potential 
          future missile defense sites in the United States.
Sec. 228. Homeland ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 229. Regional ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 230. NATO contributions to missile defense in Europe.
Sec. 231. Report on test plan for the ground-based midcourse defense 
          system.
Sec. 232. Sense of Congress on missile defense.
Sec. 233. Sense of Congress on the submittal to Congress of the homeland 
          defense hedging policy and strategy report of the Secretary of 
          Defense.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 241. Mission packages for the Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 242. Study on electronic warfare capabilities of the Marine Corps.
Sec. 243. Conditional requirement for report on amphibious assault 
          vehicles for the Marine Corps.
Sec. 244. Report on cyber and information technology research 
          investments of the Air Force.
Sec. 245. National Research Council review of defense science and 
          technical graduate education needs.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 251. Eligibility for Department of Defense laboratories to enter 
          into educational partnerships with educational institutions in 
          territories and possessions of the United States.
Sec. 252. Regional advanced technology clusters.
Sec. 253. Sense of Congress on increasing the cost-effectiveness of 
          training exercises for members of the Armed Forces.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
     Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
2013 for the use of the Department of Defense for research, 
development, test, and evaluation as specified in the funding table in 
section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

    SEC. 211. NEXT-GENERATION LONG-RANGE STRIKE BOMBER AIRCRAFT NUCLEAR 
      CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENT.
    The Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that the next-
generation long-range strike bomber is--
        (1) capable of carrying strategic nuclear weapons as of the 
    date on which such aircraft achieves initial operating capability; 
    and
        (2) certified to use such weapons by not later than two years 
    after such date.
    SEC. 212. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
      UNMANNED CARRIER-LAUNCHED SURVEILLANCE AND STRIKE SYSTEM PROGRAM.
    (a) Extension of Limitation.--Subsection (a) of section 213 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
112-81; 125 Stat. 1330) is amended by inserting ``or fiscal year 2013'' 
after ``fiscal year 2012''.
    (b) Technology Development Phase.--Such section is further amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Technology Development and Preliminary Design Phases.--
        ``(1) Contractors.--In accordance with paragraph (2), the 
    Secretary of the Navy may not reduce the number of prime 
    contractors working on the Unmanned Carrier-launched Surveillance 
    and Strike system program to one prime contractor for the 
    technology development phase of such program prior to the program 
    achieving the preliminary design review milestone.
        ``(2) Preliminary design review.--After the date on which the 
    Unmanned Carrier-launched Surveillance and Strike system program 
    achieves the preliminary design review milestone, the Secretary may 
    not reduce the number of prime contractors working on the program 
    to one prime contractor until--
            ``(A) the preliminary design reviews of the program are 
        completed;
            ``(B) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics assesses the completeness of the 
        preliminary design reviews of the program for each 
        participating prime contractor;
            ``(C) the Under Secretary submits to the congressional 
        defense committees a report that includes--
                ``(i) a summary of the assessment of the preliminary 
            design reviews of the program conducted under subparagraph 
            (B); and
                ``(ii) a certification that each preliminary design 
            review of the program was complete and was not abbreviated 
            when compared to preliminary design reviews conducted for 
            other major defense acquisition programs consistent with 
            the policies specified in Department of Defense Instruction 
            5000.02; and
            ``(D) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
        which the Under Secretary submits the report under subparagraph 
        (C).''.
    (c) Technical Amendment.--Such section is further amended by 
striking ``Future Unmanned Carrier-based Strike System'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``Unmanned Carrier-launched Surveillance and 
Strike system''.
    SEC. 213. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR MILESTONE A 
      ACTIVITIES FOR AN ARMY MEDIUM RANGE MULTI-PURPOSE VERTICAL 
      TAKEOFF AND LANDING UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEM.
    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2013 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Army, may be obligated or expended 
for Milestone A activities with respect to a medium-range multi-purpose 
vertical take-off and landing unmanned aircraft system until--
        (1) the Chairman of the Joint Requirements Oversight Council 
    certifies in writing to the appropriate congressional committees 
    that the Joint Requirements Oversight Council determines that--
            (A) such system is required to meet a required capability 
        or requirement validated by the Council; and
            (B) as of the date of the certification, an unmanned 
        aircraft system in the operational inventory of a military 
        department that was selected using competitive procedures 
        cannot meet such capability or be modified to meet such 
        capability in a more cost effective way; and
            (C) the acquisition strategy for such a capability includes 
        competitive procedures as a requirement; and
        (2) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which 
    the Chairman submits the certification under paragraph (1).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the House of Representatives; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        Senate.
        (2) The term ``competitive procedures'' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 2302(2) of title 10, United States Code.
        (3) The term ``Milestone A activities'' means, with respect to 
    an acquisition program of the Department of Defense--
            (A) the distribution of request for proposals;
            (B) the selection of technology demonstration contractors; 
        and
            (C) technology development.
    SEC. 214. USE OF FUNDS FOR CONVENTIONAL PROMPT GLOBAL STRIKE 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Competitive Procedures.--Except as provided by subsection (b), 
the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that any funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2013 for activities of the conventional prompt global strike program 
are obligated or expended using competitive solicitation procedures to 
involve industry as well as government partners to the extent feasible.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the requirement to use 
competitive solicitation procedures under subsection (a) if--
        (1) the Secretary--
            (A) determines that using such procedures is not feasible; 
        and
            (B) notifies the congressional defense committees of such 
        determination; and
        (2) a period of 5 days elapses after the date on which the 
    Secretary makes such notification under paragraph (1)(B).
    SEC. 215. NEXT GENERATION FOUNDRY FOR THE DEFENSE MICROELECTRONICS 
      ACTIVITY.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2013 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation for the Next Generation Foundry for 
the Defense Microelectronics Activity (PE #603720S) may be obligated or 
expended for that purpose until a period of 60 days has elapsed 
following the date on which the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering--
        (1) develops a microelectronics strategy as described in the 
    Senate report to accompany S. 1253 of the 112th Congress (S. Rept. 
    112-26) and an estimate of the full life-cycle costs for the 
    upgrade of the Next Generation Foundry;
        (2) develops an assessment regarding the manufacturing 
    capability of the United States to produce three-dimensional 
    integrated circuits to serve national defense interests; and
        (3) submits to the congressional defense committees the 
    strategy and cost estimate required by paragraph (1) and the 
    assessment required by paragraph (2).
    SEC. 216. ADVANCED ROTORCRAFT INITIATIVE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics shall, in consultation with the military 
departments and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth a 
strategy for the use of integrated platform design teams and agile 
prototyping approaches for the development of advanced rotorcraft 
capabilities.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) Mechanisms for establishing agile prototyping practices and 
    programs, including rotorcraft X-planes, and an identification of 
    the resources required for such purposes.
        (2) The X-Plane Rotorcraft program of the Defense Advanced 
    Research Projects Agency with performance objectives beyond those 
    of the Joint Multi-role development program, including at least two 
    competing teams.
        (3) Approaches, including potential competitive prize awards, 
    to encourage the development of advanced rotorcraft capabilities to 
    address challenge problems such as nap-of-earth automated flight, 
    urban operation near buildings, slope landings, automated 
    autorotation or power-off recovery, and automated selection of 
    landing areas.

                  Subtitle C--Missile Defense Programs

    SEC. 221. PROHIBITION ON THE USE OF FUNDS FOR THE MEADS PROGRAM.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2013 for the Department of 
Defense may be obligated or expended for the medium extended air 
defense system.
    SEC. 222. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR IRON DOME SHORT-RANGE ROCKET 
      DEFENSE PROGRAM.
    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2013 by 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, Defense-
wide, and available for the Missile Defense Agency, $211,000,000 may be 
provided to the Government of Israel for the Iron Dome short-range 
rocket defense program as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.
    SEC. 223. AUTHORITY FOR RELOCATION OF CERTAIN AEGIS WEAPON SYSTEM 
      ASSETS BETWEEN AND WITHIN THE DDG-51 CLASS DESTROYER AND AEGIS 
      ASHORE PROGRAMS IN ORDER TO MEET MISSION REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Transfer to Aegis Ashore System.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, the Secretary of the Navy may transfer Aegis weapon 
system equipment with ballistic missile defense capability to the 
Director of the Missile Defense Agency for use by the Director in the 
Aegis Ashore System for installation in the country designated as 
``Host Nation 1'' by transferring to the Agency such equipment procured 
with amounts authorized to be appropriated for shipbuilding and 
conversion, Navy, for fiscal years 2010 and 2011 for the DDG-51 Class 
Destroyer Program.
    (b) Adjustments in Equipment Deliveries.--
        (1) Use of fy12 funds for aws systems on destroyers procured 
    with fy11 funds.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
    shipbuilding and conversion, Navy, for fiscal year 2012, and any 
    Aegis weapon system assets procured with such amounts, may be used 
    to deliver complete, mission-ready Aegis weapon systems with 
    ballistic missile defense capability to any DDG-51 class destroyer 
    for which amounts were authorized to be appropriated for 
    shipbuilding and conversion, Navy, for fiscal year 2011.
        (2) Use of aws systems procured with rdt&e funds on 
    destroyers.--The Secretary may install on any DDG-51 class 
    destroyer Aegis weapon systems with ballistic missile defense 
    capability transferred pursuant to subsection (c).
    (c) Transfer From Aegis Ashore System.--The Director shall transfer 
Aegis weapon system equipment with ballistic missile defense capability 
procured for installation in the Aegis Ashore System to the Secretary 
for the DDG-51 Class Destroyer Program to replace any equipment 
transferred to the Director under subsection (a).
    (d) Treatment of Transfer in Funding Destroyer Construction.--
Notwithstanding the source of funds for any equipment transferred under 
subsection (c), the Secretary shall fund all work necessary to complete 
construction and outfitting of any destroyer in which such equipment is 
installed in the same manner as if such equipment had been acquired 
using amounts in the shipbuilding and conversion, Navy, account.
    SEC. 224. EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVES FOR THE PRECISION TRACKING 
      SPACE SYSTEM.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2013 for the Missile 
Defense Agency for the precision tracking space system, not more than 
75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which--
        (1) the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
    completes the evaluation under subsection (b)(1); and
        (2) the terms of reference for the evaluation under subsection 
    (b)(1)(B) are--
            (A) approved by the Missile Defense Executive Board, in 
        coordination with the Defense Space Council; and
            (B) submitted to the congressional defense committees.
    (b) Independent Cost Estimate and Evaluation of Alternatives 
Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
    Evaluation shall perform--
            (A) an independent cost estimate for the precision tracking 
        space system; and
            (B) a comprehensive assessment evaluation of alternatives 
        for such system.
        (2) Basis of evaluation.--The evaluation under paragraph (1)(B) 
    shall be based on a clear articulation by the Director of the 
    Missile Defense Agency of--
            (A) the space-based and ground-based sensors that will be 
        required to be maintained to aid the precision tracking space 
        system constellation;
            (B) the number of satellites to be procured for a first 
        constellation, including the projected lifetime of such 
        satellites in the first constellation, and the number projected 
        to be procured for a first and, if applicable, second 
        replenishment;
            (C) the technological and acquisition risks of such system, 
        including systems engineering and ground system development;
            (D) an evaluation of the technological capability 
        differences between the precision tracking space system 
        tracking sensor and the space tracking and surveillance system 
        tracking sensor;
            (E) the cost differences, as confirmed by the Director of 
        Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, between such systems, 
        including costs relating to launch services; and
            (F) any other matters the Director believes useful that do 
        not unduly delay completion of the evaluation.
        (3) Evaluation.--In conducting the evaluation under paragraph 
    (1)(B), the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
    shall--
            (A) evaluate whether the precision tracking space system, 
        as planned by the Director of the Missile Defense Agency in the 
        budget submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, 
        United States Code, for fiscal year 2013, is the most cost 
        effective and best value sensor option with respect to land-, 
        air-, or space-based sensors, or a combination thereof, to 
        improve the regional missile defense and homeland missile 
        defense of the United States, including by adding precision 
        tracking and discrimination capability to the ground-based 
        midcourse defense system;
            (B) examine the overhead persistent infrared satellite data 
        or other data that are available as of the date of the 
        evaluation that are not being used for ballistic missile 
        tracking;
            (C) determine whether and how using the data described in 
        subparagraph (B) could improve sensor coverage for the homeland 
        missile defense of the United States and regional missile 
        defense capabilities;
            (D) study the plans of the Director of the Missile Defense 
        Agency to integrate the precision tracking space system concept 
        into the ballistic missile defense system and evaluate the 
        concept of operations and missile defense engagement scenarios 
        of such use;
            (E) consider the agreement entered into under subsection 
        (d)(1); and
            (F) consider any other matters the Director believes useful 
        that do not unduly delay completion of the evaluation.
        (4) Cost determination.---In conducting the independent cost 
    estimate under paragraph (1)(A), the Director of Cost Assessment 
    and Program Evaluation shall take into account acquisition costs 
    and operation and sustainment costs during the initial 10-year and 
    20-year periods.
        (5) Cooperation.--The Director of the Missile Defense Agency 
    shall provide to the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
    Evaluation the information necessary to conduct the independent 
    cost estimate and the evaluation of alternatives of such program 
    under paragraph (1).
    (c) Submission Required.--Not later than April 30, 2013, the 
Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees the independent cost estimate and 
evaluation under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (b)(1).
    (d) Memorandum of Agreement.--
        (1) In general.--The Director of the Missile Defense Agency 
    shall enter into a memorandum of agreement with the Commander of 
    the Air Force Space Command with respect to the space situational 
    awareness capabilities, requirements, design, and cost sharing of 
    the precision tracking space system.
        (2) Submission.--The Director shall submit to the congressional 
    defense committees the agreement entered into under paragraph (1).
    (e) Review by the Comptroller General.--
        (1) Terms of reference.--The Comptroller General of the United 
    States shall provide to the congressional defense committees--
            (A) by not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
        terms of reference for the evaluation under subsection 
        (b)(1)(B) are provided to such committees pursuant to 
        subsection (a)(2), a briefing on the views of the Comptroller 
        General with respect to such terms of reference and their 
        conformance with the best practices for analyses of 
        alternatives established by the Comptroller General; and
            (B) a final report on such terms as soon as practicable 
        following the date of the briefing under subparagraph (A).
        (2) Comprehensive ptss assessment.--The Comptroller General 
    shall further provide to the congressional defense committees--
            (A) by not later than 60 days after the date on which the 
        evaluation is submitted to such committees under subsection 
        (c), a briefing on the views of the Comptroller General with 
        respect to such evaluation; and
            (B) a final report on such evaluation as soon as 
        practicable following the date of the briefing under 
        subparagraph (A).
    SEC. 225. NEXT GENERATION EXO-ATMOSPHERIC KILL VEHICLE.
    (a) Plan for Next Generation Kill Vehicle.--The Director of the 
Missile Defense Agency shall develop a long-term plan for the exo-
atmospheric kill vehicle that addresses both modifications and 
enhancements to the current exo-atmospheric kill vehicle and options 
for the competitive development of a next generation exo-atmospheric 
kill vehicle for the ground-based interceptor of the ground-based 
midcourse defense system and any other interceptor that might be 
developed for the defense of the United States against long-range 
ballistic missiles.
    (b) Definition of Parameters and Capabilities.--
        (1) Assessment required.--The Director shall define the desired 
    technical parameters and performance capabilities for a next 
    generation exo-atmospheric kill vehicle using an assessment 
    conducted by the Director for that purpose that is designed to 
    ensure that a next generation exo-atmospheric kill vehicle design--
            (A) enables ease of manufacturing, high tolerances to 
        production processes and supply chain variability, and inherent 
        reliability;
            (B) will be optimized to take advantage of the ballistic 
        missile defense system architecture and sensor system 
        capabilities;
            (C) leverages all relevant kill vehicle development 
        activities and technologies, including from the current 
        standard missile-3 block IIB program and the previous multiple 
        kill vehicle technology development program;
            (D) seeks to maximize, to the greatest extent practicable, 
        commonality between subsystems of a next generation exo-
        atmospheric kill vehicle and other exo-atmospheric kill vehicle 
        programs; and
            (E) meets Department of Defense criteria, as established in 
        the February 2010 Ballistic Missile Defense Review, for 
        affordability, reliability, suitability, and operational 
        effectiveness to defend against limited attacks from evolving 
        and future threats from long-range missiles.
        (2) Evaluation of payloads.--The assessment required by 
    paragraph (1) shall include an evaluation of the potential benefits 
    and drawbacks of options for both unitary and multiple exo-
    atmospheric kill vehicle payloads.
        (3) Standard missile-3 block iib interceptor.--As part of the 
    assessment required by paragraph (1), the Director shall evaluate 
    whether there are potential options and opportunities arising from 
    the standard missile-3 block IIB interceptor development program 
    for development of an exo-atmospheric kill vehicle, or kill vehicle 
    technologies or components, that could be used for potential 
    upgrades to the ground-based interceptor or for a next generation 
    exo-atmospheric kill vehicle.
    (c) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report setting forth the plan 
    developed under subsection (a), including the results of the 
    assessment under subsection (b), and an estimate of the cost and 
    schedule of implementing the plan.
        (2) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    SEC. 226. MODERNIZATION OF THE PATRIOT AIR AND MISSILE DEFENSE 
      SYSTEM.
    (a) Plan for Modernization.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a prioritized plan for support of 
the long-term requirements in connection with the modernization of the 
Patriot air and missile defense system and related systems of the 
integrated air and missile defense architecture.
    (b) Additional Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall also set forth the following:
        (1) An explanation of the requirements and goals for the 
    Patriot air and missile defense system and related systems of the 
    integrated air and missile defense architecture during the 10-year 
    period beginning on the date of the report.
        (2) An assessment of the integrated air and missile defense 
    capabilities required to meet the demands of evolving and emerging 
    threats during the ten-year period beginning on the date of the 
    report.
        (3) A plan for the introduction of changes to the Patriot air 
    and missile defense system program to achieve reductions in the 
    life-cycle cost of the Patriot air and missile defense system.
    SEC. 227. EVALUATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF 
      POTENTIAL FUTURE MISSILE DEFENSE SITES IN THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Evaluation.--Not later than December 31, 2013, the Secretary of 
Defense shall conduct a study to evaluate at least three possible 
additional locations in the United States, selected by the Director of 
the Missile Defense Agency, that would be best suited for future 
deployment of an interceptor capable of protecting the homeland against 
threats from nations such as North Korea and Iran. At least two of such 
locations shall be on the East Coast of the United States.
    (b) Environmental Impact Statement Required.--Except as provided by 
subsection (c), the Secretary shall prepare an environmental impact 
statement in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 
1969 (42 U.S.C. et seq.) for the locations the Secretary evaluates 
under subsection (a).
    (c) Exception.--If an environmental impact statement has already 
been prepared for a location the Secretary evaluates under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall not be required to prepare another 
environmental impact statement for such location.
    (d) Contingency Plan.--In light of the evaluation under subsection 
(a), the Director of the Missile Defense Agency shall--
        (1) develop a contingency plan for the deployment of a homeland 
    missile defense interceptor site that is in addition to such sites 
    that exist as of the date of the enactment of this Act in case the 
    President determines to proceed with such an additional deployment; 
    and
        (2) notify the congressional defense committees when such 
    contingency plan has been developed.
    SEC. 228. HOMELAND BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) it is a national priority to defend the United States 
    homeland against the threat of limited ballistic missile attack 
    (whether accidental, unauthorized, or deliberate);
        (2) the currently deployed ground-based midcourse defense 
    system, with 30 ground-based interceptors deployed in Alaska and 
    California, provides a level of protection of the United States 
    homeland;
        (3) it is essential for the ground-based midcourse defense 
    system to achieve the levels of reliability, availability, 
    sustainability, and operational performance that will allow it to 
    continue providing protection of the United States homeland;
        (4) the Missile Defense Agency should, as its highest priority, 
    correct the problem that caused the December 2010 ground-based 
    midcourse defense system flight test failure and demonstrate the 
    correction in flight tests before resuming production of the 
    capability enhancement-II kill vehicle, in order to provide 
    confidence that the system will work as intended;
        (5) the Department of Defense should continue to enhance the 
    performance and reliability of the ground-based midcourse defense 
    system, and enhance the capability of the ballistic missile defense 
    system, to provide improved capability to defend the homeland;
        (6) the Missile Defense Agency should have a robust, rigorous, 
    and operationally realistic testing program for the ground-based 
    midcourse defense system, including salvo testing, multiple 
    simultaneous engagement testing, and operational testing;
        (7) the Department of Defense has taken a number of prudent, 
    affordable, cost-effective, and operationally significant steps to 
    hedge against the possibility of future growth in the missile 
    threat to the homeland from North Korea and Iran; and
        (8) the Department of Defense should continue to evaluate the 
    evolving threat of limited ballistic missile attack, particularly 
    from countries such as North Korea and Iran, and consider other 
    possibilities for prudent, affordable, cost-effective, and 
    operationally significant steps to improve the posture of the 
    United States to defend the homeland.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report on the status of 
    efforts to improve the homeland ballistic missile defense 
    capability of the United States.
        (2) Elements of report.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
    shall include the following:
            (A) A detailed description of the actions taken or planned 
        to improve the reliability, availability, and capability of the 
        ground-based midcourse defense system, particularly the 
        exoatmospheric kill vehicle, and any other actions to improve 
        the homeland missile defense posture to hedge against potential 
        future growth in the threat of limited ballistic missile attack 
        (whether accidental, unauthorized, or deliberate), particularly 
        from countries such as North Korea and Iran.
            (B) A description of any improvements achieved as a result 
        of the actions described in subparagraph (A).
            (C) A description of the results of the two planned flight 
        tests of the ground-based midcourse defense system (control 
        test vehicle flight test-1, and GMD flight test-06b) intended 
        to demonstrate the success of the correction of the problem 
        that caused the flight test failure of December 2010, and the 
        status of any decision to resume production of the capability 
        enhancement-II kill vehicle.
            (D) a detailed description of the planned roles and 
        requirements for the standard missile-3 block IIB interceptor 
        to augment the defense of the homeland, including the 
        capabilities needed to defeat long-range missiles that could be 
        launched from Iran to the United States;
            (E) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
        (3) Form of report.--The report shall be submitted in 
    unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (c) Comptroller General Briefing and Report.--
        (1) Briefing.--Not later than 60 days after the date on which 
    the Secretary submits the report under subsection (b)(1), the 
    Comptroller General of the United States shall brief the 
    congressional defense committees with the views of the Comptroller 
    General on the report.
        (2) Report.--As soon as practicable after the date on which the 
    Comptroller General briefs the congressional defense committees 
    under paragraph (1), the Comptroller General shall submit to such 
    committees a report on the views included in such briefing.
    SEC. 229. REGIONAL BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the threat from regional ballistic missiles, particularly 
    from Iran and North Korea, is serious and growing, and puts at risk 
    forward-deployed forces of the United States and allies and 
    partners in Europe, the Middle East, and the Asia-Pacific region;
        (2) the Department of Defense has an obligation to provide 
    force protection of forward-deployed forces, assets, and facilities 
    of the United States from regional ballistic missile attack;
        (3) the United States has an obligation to meet its security 
    commitments to its allies, including ballistic missile defense 
    commitments;
        (4) the Department of Defense has a program of investment and 
    capabilities to provide for both homeland defense and regional 
    defense against ballistic missiles, consistent with the Ballistic 
    Missile Defense Review of 2010 and with the prioritized and 
    integrated needs of the commanders of the combatant commands;
        (5) the European Phased Adaptive Approach to missile defense is 
    a response to the existing and growing ballistic missile threat 
    from Iran to forward deployed United States forces, allies and 
    partners in Europe;
        (6) the Department of Defense--
            (A) should, as a high priority, continue to develop, test, 
        and plan to deploy all four phases of the European Phased 
        Adaptive Approach, including all variants of the standard 
        missile-3 interceptor;
            (B) should continue to conduct tests to evaluate and assess 
        the capability of future phases of the European Phased Adaptive 
        Approach and to demonstrate whether they will achieve their 
        intended roles, as outlined in the Ballistic Missile Defense 
        Review of 2010; and
            (C) should also continue with its other phased and adaptive 
        regional missile defense efforts tailored to the Middle East 
        and the Asia-Pacific region; and
        (7) European members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
    are making a variety of contributions to missile defense in Europe, 
    by hosting elements of missile defense systems of the United States 
    on their territories, through individual national contributions to 
    missile defense capability, and by collective funding and 
    development of the Active Layered Theater Ballistic Missile Defense 
    system; and
        (8) allies and partners of the United States in the Asia-
    Pacific region and in the Middle East are making contributions to 
    regional missile defense capabilities, including by hosting 
    elements of missile defense systems of the United States on their 
    territories; jointly developing missile defense capabilities; and 
    cooperating in regional missile defense architectures.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report describing the status and 
    progress of regional missile defense programs and efforts.
        (2) Elements of report.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
    shall include the following:
            (A) An assessment of the adequacy of the existing and 
        planned European Phased Adaptive Approach to provide force 
        protection for forward-deployed forces of the United States in 
        Europe against ballistic missile threats from Iran, and an 
        assessment whether adequate force protection would be available 
        absent the European Phased Adaptive Approach, given current and 
        planned Patriot, Terminal High Altitude Area Defense, and Aegis 
        ballistic missile defense capability.
            (B) A description of the progress made in the development 
        and testing of elements of systems intended for deployment in 
        Phases 2 through 4 of the European Phased Adaptive Approach, 
        and an assessment of technical and schedule risks.
            (C) A description of the missile defense priorities and 
        capability needs of the regional combatant commands, and the 
        planned regional missile defense architectures derived from 
        those capability needs and priorities.
            (D) A description of the global force management process 
        used to evaluate the missile defense capability needs of the 
        regional combatant commands and to determine the resource 
        allocation and deployment outcomes among such commands.
            (E) A description of the missile defense command and 
        control concepts and arrangements in place for United States 
        and allied regional missile defense forces, and the missile 
        defense partnerships and burden-sharing arrangements in place 
        between the United States and its allies and partners.
        (3) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (c) Comptroller General Views.--The Comptroller General of the 
United States shall--
        (1) brief the congressional defense committees with the views 
    of the Comptroller General on the report under subsection (b)(1) by 
    not later than 60 days after the date on which the Secretary 
    submits such report; and
        (2) submit to such committees a written report on such views as 
    soon as practicable after the date of the briefing under paragraph 
    (1).
    SEC. 230. NATO CONTRIBUTIONS TO MISSILE DEFENSE IN EUROPE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on contributions of members 
of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to missile defense in Europe.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include a discussion of the full range of contributions made by members 
of NATO, individually and collectively, to missile defense in Europe, 
including the following:
        (1) Financial contributions to the development of the Active 
    Layered Theater Ballistic Missile Defense command and control 
    system or other NATO missile defense capabilities, including the 
    European Phased Adaptive Approach.
        (2) National contributions of missile defense capabilities to 
    NATO.
        (3) Agreements to host missile defense facilities in the 
    territory of the member state.
        (4) Contributions in the form of providing support, including 
    security, for missile defense facilities in the territory of the 
    member state.
        (5) Any other contributions being planned by members of NATO, 
    including the modification of existing military systems to 
    contribute to the missile defense capability of NATO.
        (6) A discussion of whether there are other opportunities for 
    future contributions, financial and otherwise, to missile defense 
    by members of NATO.
        (7) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    SEC. 231. REPORT ON TEST PLAN FOR THE GROUND-BASED MIDCOURSE 
      DEFENSE SYSTEM.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the testing program for 
the ground-based midcourse defense element of the ballistic missile 
defense system.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) An explanation of testing options for the ground-based 
    midcourse defense system if planned flight tests CTV-01 and FTG-06b 
    do not demonstrate the successful correction to the problem that 
    caused the failure of the capability enhancement-2 kill vehicle in 
    flight test FTG-06a in December 2010, including additional testing 
    of the capability enhancement-1 kill vehicle.
        (2) An assessment of the feasibility, advisability, and cost 
    effectiveness (including the potential benefits, risks, and impact 
    on the current test plan and integrated master test plan for the 
    ground-based midcourse defense system) of adjusting the test plan 
    of the ground-based midcourse defense system to accomplish, at an 
    acceptable level of risk--
            (A) accelerating to fiscal year 2014 the date for testing 
        such system using a capability enhancement-1 kill vehicle 
        against an intercontinental ballistic missile-range target; and
            (B) increasing the pace of the flight testing of such 
        system to a rate of three tests every two years.
        (3) If the Secretary determines that either option described in 
    subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (2) would be feasible, 
    advisable, and cost effective, a discussion of whether increased 
    funding beyond the funding requested in the budget for fiscal year 
    2013 is required to carry out such options and, if so, what level 
    of increased funding would be necessary to carry out each such 
    option.
        (4) Any additional matters the Secretary determines 
    appropriate.
    (c) DOT&E Views.--The Secretary shall include an appendix to the 
report under subsection (a) that contains the views of the Director of 
Operational Test and Evaluation regarding the contents of the report.
    (d) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (e) Comptroller General Views.--The Comptroller General of the 
United States shall--
        (1) brief the congressional defense committees concerning the 
    views of the Comptroller General on the report required under 
    subsection (a) by not later than 60 days after the date on which 
    the Secretary submits such report; and
        (2) submit to such committees a written report on such views as 
    soon as practicable after the date of the briefing under paragraph 
    (1).
    SEC. 232. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON MISSILE DEFENSE.
    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
        (1) In a December 18, 2010, letter to the Senate leadership, 
    President Obama wrote that the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
    (NATO) ``invited the Russian Federation to cooperate on missile 
    defense, which could lead to adding Russian capabilities to those 
    deployed by NATO to enhance our common security against common 
    threats. The Lisbon Summit thus demonstrated that the Alliance's 
    missile defenses can be strengthened by improving NATO-Russian 
    relations. This comes even as we have made it clear that the system 
    we intend to pursue with Russia will not be a joint system, and it 
    will not in any way limit United States' or NATO's missile defense 
    capabilities.''.
        (2) In a February 2, 2011, message to the Senate concerning its 
    December 22, 2010, Resolution of Advice and Consent to Ratification 
    of the New START Treaty, President Obama certified that ``It is the 
    policy of the United States to continue development and deployment 
    of United States missile defense systems to defend against missile 
    threats from nations such as North Korea and Iran, including 
    qualitative and quantitative improvements to such systems. As 
    stated in the Resolution, such systems include all phases of the 
    Phased Adaptive Approach to missile defense in Europe, the 
    modernization of the Ground-based Midcourse Defense system, and the 
    continued development of the two-stage Ground-Based Interceptor as 
    a technological and strategic hedge.''.
        (3) In a letter dated December 13, 2011, to Senator Mark Kirk, 
    Robert Nabors, Assistant to the President and Director of the 
    Office of Legislative Affairs, wrote that ``The United States 
    remains committed to implementing the European Phased Adaptive 
    Approach to missile defense, and will not agree to any constraints 
    limiting the development or deployment of United States missile 
    defenses'' and ``[w]e will not provide Russia with sensitive 
    information about our missile defense systems that would in any way 
    compromise our national security. For example, hit-to-kill 
    technology and interceptor telemetry will under no circumstances be 
    provided to Russia.''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) pursuant to section 2 of the National Missile Defense Act 
    of 1999 (Public Law 106-38; 113 Stat. 205; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note), it 
    is the policy of the United States ``to deploy as soon as is 
    technologically possible an effective National Missile Defense 
    system capable of defending the territory of the United States 
    against limited ballistic missile attack (whether accidental, 
    unauthorized, or deliberate)...'';
        (2) defenses against ballistic missiles are essential for new 
    deterrent strategies and for new strategies should deterrence fail;
        (3) further limitations on the missile defense capabilities of 
    the United States are not in the national security interest of the 
    United States;
        (4) the New Start Treaty and the April 7, 2010, unilateral 
    statement of the Russian Federation on missile defense do not limit 
    in any way, and shall not be interpreted as limiting, activities 
    that the Federal Government of the United States currently plans or 
    that might be required over the duration of the New START Treaty to 
    protect the United States pursuant to the National Missile Defense 
    Act of 1999, or to protect the Armed Forces of the United States 
    and allies of the United States from limited ballistic missile 
    attack, including further planned enhancements to the Ground-based 
    Midcourse Defense system and all phases of the Phased Adaptive 
    Approach to missile defense in Europe;
        (5) it was the Understanding of the Senate in its December 22, 
    2010, Resolution of Advice and Consent to Ratification of the New 
    START Treaty that, ``any additional New START Treaty limitations on 
    the deployment of missile defenses beyond those contained in 
    paragraph 3 of Article V, including any limitations agreed under 
    the auspices of the Bilateral Consultative Commission, would 
    require an amendment to the New START Treaty which may enter into 
    force for the United States only with the advice and consent of the 
    Senate, as set forth in Article II, section 2, clause 2 of the 
    Constitution of the United States''; and
        (6) section 303(b) of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act (22 
    U.S.C. 2573(b)) requires that ``no action shall be taken pursuant 
    to this or any other Act that would obligate the United States to 
    reduce or limit the Armed Forces or armaments of the United States 
    in a militarily significant manner, except pursuant to the treaty-
    making power of the President set forth in Article II, Section 2, 
    Clause 2 of the Constitution.''.
    (c) New START Treaty Defined.--In this section, the term ``New 
START Treaty'' means the Treaty between the United States of America 
and the Russian Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and 
Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, signed on April 8, 2010, and 
entered into force on February 5, 2011.
    SEC. 233. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE SUBMITTAL TO CONGRESS OF THE 
      HOMELAND DEFENSE HEDGING POLICY AND STRATEGY REPORT OF THE 
      SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.
    It is the sense of the Congress that--
        (1) the homeland defense hedging policy and strategy report 
    required by section 233 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1340) is 
    necessary to inform Congress on options to protect the United 
    States homeland against the evolving ballistic missile threat, 
    including potential options prior to the deployment of Phase 4 of 
    the European Phased Adaptive Approach to missile defense; and
        (2) the Secretary of Defense should comply with the 
    requirements of such section 233 by submitting the homeland defense 
    hedging policy and strategy report to Congress.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

    SEC. 241. MISSION PACKAGES FOR THE LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2013, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall, in consultation with the Director of Operational 
Test and Evaluation, submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the mine countermeasures warfare, antisubmarine warfare, and 
surface warfare mission packages for the Littoral Combat Ship.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall set 
forth the following:
        (1) A plan for the mission packages demonstrating that 
    preliminary design review for every capability increment precedes 
    Milestone B or equivalent approval for that increment.
        (2) A plan for demonstrating that the capability increment for 
    each mission package, combined with a Littoral Combat Ship, on the 
    basis of a preliminary design review and post-preliminary design 
    review assessment, will achieve the capability specified for that 
    increment.
        (3) A plan for demonstrating the survivability and lethality of 
    the Littoral Combat Ship with its mission packages sufficiently 
    early in the development phase of the system to minimize costs of 
    concurrency.
    SEC. 242. STUDY ON ELECTRONIC WARFARE CAPABILITIES OF THE MARINE 
      CORPS.
    (a) Study.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall conduct a 
study on the future capabilities of the Marine Corps with respect to 
electronic warfare.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report on the study conducted 
    under subsection (a).
        (2) Matters included.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A detailed plan for the disposition of EA-6B Prowler 
        aircraft squadrons.
            (B) A solution for the replacement of the capability 
        provided by such aircraft.
            (C) Concepts of operation for future air-ground task force 
        electronic warfare capabilities of the Marine Corps.
            (D) Any other issues that the Commandant determines 
        appropriate.
    SEC. 243. CONDITIONAL REQUIREMENT FOR REPORT ON AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT 
      VEHICLES FOR THE MARINE CORPS.
    (a) In General.--If the ongoing Marine Corps ground combat vehicle 
fleet mix study recommends the acquisition of a separate Marine 
Personnel Carrier, the Secretary of the Navy and the Commandant of the 
Marine Corps shall jointly submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that includes the following:
        (1) A detailed description of the capability gaps that Marine 
    Personnel Carriers are intended to mitigate and the capabilities 
    that the Marine Personnel Carrier will be required to have to 
    mitigate such gaps, and an assessment whether, and to what extent, 
    Amphibious Combat Vehicles could mitigate such gaps.
        (2) A detailed explanation of the role of the Marine Personnel 
    Carriers in the operations of the Marine Corps, as well as a 
    comparative estimate of the acquisition and life-cycle costs of--
            (A) a fleet consisting of both Amphibious Combat Vehicles 
        and Marine Personnel Carriers; and
            (B) a fleet consisting of only Amphibious Combat Vehicles.
    (b) Submittal Date.--If required, the report under subsection (a) 
shall be submitted not later than the later of--
        (1) the date that is 60 days after the date of the completion 
    of the study referred to in subsection (a); or
        (2) February 1, 2013.
    SEC. 244. REPORT ON CYBER AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH 
      INVESTMENTS OF THE AIR FORCE.
    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report detailing the investment 
strategy of the Air Force with respect to the spectrum of--
        (1) cyber science and technology;
        (2) autonomy, command and control, and decision support 
    technologies;
        (3) connectivity and dissemination technologies; and
        (4) processing and exploitation technologies.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) An identification of the near-, mid-, and far-term science 
    and technology priorities of the Air Force with respect to cyber 
    and information-related technologies and the resources (including 
    both funding and personnel) projected to address these priorities.
        (2) A strategy to transition the results of the science and 
    technology priorities described in paragraph (1) into weapon 
    systems, including cyber tools.
        (3) A description of how the Air Force will recruit, train, and 
    retain a highly skilled workforce in cyber and information-related 
    technologies, including the use of the authorities granted under 
    the laboratory demonstration program established by section 342 of 
    the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public 
    Law 103-337; 108 Stat. 2721), as most recently amended by section 
    1114 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-315).
        (4) A description of laboratory infrastructure and research 
    facilities, including the Air Force Institute of Technology, that 
    are necessary for the accomplishment of the science and technology 
    priorities described in paragraph (1).
    SEC. 245. NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL REVIEW OF DEFENSE SCIENCE AND 
      TECHNICAL GRADUATE EDUCATION NEEDS.
    (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter into an agreement 
with the National Research Council to conduct a review of specialized 
degree-granting graduate programs of the Department of Defense in 
science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and management.
    (b) Matters Included.--At a minimum, the review under subsection 
(a) shall address--
        (1) the need by the Department of Defense and the military 
    departments for military and civilian personnel with advanced 
    degrees in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and 
    management, including a list of the numbers of such personnel 
    needed by discipline;
        (2) an analysis of the sources by which the Department of 
    Defense and the military departments obtain military and civilian 
    personnel with such advanced degrees;
        (3) the need for educational institutions under the Department 
    of Defense to meet the needs identified in paragraph (1);
        (4) the costs and benefits of maintaining such educational 
    institutions, including costs relating to in-house research;
        (5) the ability of private institutions or distance-learning 
    programs to meet the needs identified in paragraph (1);
        (6) existing organizational structures, including reporting 
    chains, within the military departments to manage the graduate 
    education needs of the Department of Defense and the military 
    departments in the fields described in paragraph (1); and
        (7) recommendations for improving the ability of the Department 
    of Defense to identify, manage, and source the graduate education 
    needs of the Department in such fields.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
review under subsection (a) is completed, the Secretary shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the results of such 
review.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

    SEC. 251. ELIGIBILITY FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE LABORATORIES TO 
      ENTER INTO EDUCATIONAL PARTNERSHIPS WITH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS 
      IN TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS OF THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Eligibility of Institutions in Territories and Possessions.--
Section 2194(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) The term `United States' includes the Commonwealth of 
    Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and 
    any other territory or possession of the United States.''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Paragraph (2) of such section is amended 
by inserting ``(20 U.S.C. 7801)'' before the period.
    SEC. 252. REGIONAL ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY CLUSTERS.
    (a) Development of Innovative Advanced Technologies.--The Secretary 
of Defense may use the research and engineering network of the 
Department of Defense, including the organic industrial base, to 
support regional advanced technology clusters established by the 
Secretary of Commerce to encourage the development of innovative 
advanced technologies to address national security and homeland defense 
challenges.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a report describing--
        (1) the participation of the Department of Defense in regional 
    advanced technology clusters, including the number of--
            (A) clusters supported;
            (B) technologies developed and transitioned to acquisition 
        programs;
            (C) products commercialized;
            (D) small businesses trained;
            (E) companies started; and
            (F) research and development facilities shared;
        (2) implementation by the Department of processes and tools to 
    facilitate collaboration with the clusters;
        (3) agreements established by the Department with the 
    Department of Commerce to jointly support the continued growth of 
    the clusters;
        (4) methods to evaluate the effectiveness of technology cluster 
    policies;
        (5) any additional required authorities and any impediments to 
    supporting regional advanced technology clusters; and
        (6) the use of any agreements entered into under the 
    Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4701 et seq.) 
    and any access granted to facilities of the Department of Defense 
    for research and development purposes.
    (c) Collaboration.--The Secretary of Defense may meet, collaborate, 
and share resources with other Federal agencies for purposes of 
assisting in the use and appropriate growth of regional advanced 
technology clusters under this section.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the congressional defense committees;
            (B) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
        of the Senate; and
            (C) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (2) The term ``regional advanced technology clusters'' means 
    geographic centers focused on building science and technology-based 
    innovation capacity in areas of local and regional strength to 
    foster economic growth and improve quality of life.
    SEC. 253. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON INCREASING THE COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF 
      TRAINING EXERCISES FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) modeling and simulation will continue to play a critical 
    role in the training of the members of the Armed Forces;
        (2) while increased modeling and simulation has reduced overall 
    costs of training of members of the Armed Forces, there are still 
    significant costs associated with the human resources required to 
    execute certain training exercises where role-playing actors for 
    certain characters such as opposing forces, the civilian populace, 
    other government agencies, and non-governmental organizations are 
    required;
        (3) technological advances in areas such as varying levels of 
    autonomy for systems, multi-player gaming techniques, and 
    artificial intelligence could reduce the number of personnel 
    required to support certain training exercises for members of the 
    Armed Forces, and thereby reduce the overall cost of the exercises; 
    and
        (4) the Secretary of Defense should develop a plan to increase 
    the use of emerging technologies in autonomous systems, the 
    commercial gaming sector, and artificial intelligence for training 
    exercises for members of the Armed Forces to increase training 
    effectiveness and reduce costs.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Operation and maintenance funding.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Training range sustainment plan and training range inventory.
Sec. 312. Authority of Secretary of a military department to enter into 
          cooperative agreements with Indian tribes for land management 
          associated with military installations and State-owned 
          National Guard installations.
Sec. 313. Department of Defense guidance on environmental exposures at 
          military installations and briefing regarding environmental 
          exposures to members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 314. Report on status of targets in implementation plan for 
          operational energy strategy.
Sec. 315. Limitation on obligation of Department of Defense funds from 
          Defense Production Act of 1950 for biofuel refinery 
          construction.
Sec. 316. Sense of Congress on protection of Department of Defense 
          airfields, training airspace, and air training routes.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Expansion and reauthorization of multi-trades demonstration 
          project.
Sec. 322. Restoration and amendment of certain provisions relating to 
          depot-level maintenance and core logistics capabilities.
Sec. 323. Rating chains for system program managers.

                          Subtitle D--Readiness

Sec. 331. Intergovernmental support agreements with State and local 
          governments.
Sec. 332. Expansion and reauthorization of pilot program for 
          availability of working-capital funds for product 
          improvements.
Sec. 333. Department of Defense national strategic ports study and 
          Comptroller General studies and reports on strategic ports.

                           Subtitle E--Reports

Sec. 341. Annual report on Department of Defense long-term corrosion 
          strategy.
Sec. 342. Report on joint strategy for readiness and training in a 
          C4ISR-denied environment.
Sec. 343. Comptroller General review of annual Department of Defense 
          report on prepositioned materiel and equipment.
Sec. 344. Modification of report on maintenance and repair of vessels in 
          foreign shipyards.
Sec. 345. Extension of deadline for Comptroller General report on 
          Department of Defense service contract inventory.

           Subtitle F--Limitations and Extension of Authority

Sec. 351. Repeal of redundant authority to ensure interoperability of 
          law enforcement and emergency responder training.
Sec. 352. Aerospace control alert mission.
Sec. 353. Limitation on authorization of appropriations for the National 
          Museum of the United States Army.
Sec. 354. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement or 
          inactivation of Ticonderoga class cruisers or dock landing 
          ships.
Sec. 355. Renewal of expired prohibition on return of veterans memorial 
          objects without specific authorization in law.

    Subtitle G--National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force

Sec. 361. Short title.
Sec. 362. Establishment of Commission.
Sec. 363. Duties of the Commission.
Sec. 364. Powers of the Commission.
Sec. 365. Commission personnel matters.
Sec. 366. Termination of the Commission.
Sec. 367. Funding.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Military working dog matters.
Sec. 372. Comptroller General review of handling, labeling, and 
          packaging procedures for hazardous material shipments.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 301. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE FUNDING.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2013 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

    SEC. 311. TRAINING RANGE SUSTAINMENT PLAN AND TRAINING RANGE 
      INVENTORY.
    Section 366 of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 116 Stat. 2522; 10 U.S.C. 113 
note), as most recently amended by section 348 of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 
109-364; 120 Stat. 2159), is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(5), by striking ``each of fiscal years 
    2005 through 2013'' and inserting ``each fiscal year through fiscal 
    year 2018''; and
        (2) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``fiscal years 2005 
    through 2013'' and inserting ``each fiscal year through fiscal year 
    2018''.
    SEC. 312. AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF A MILITARY DEPARTMENT TO ENTER 
      INTO COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH INDIAN TRIBES FOR LAND 
      MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATED WITH MILITARY INSTALLATIONS AND STATE-OWNED 
      NATIONAL GUARD INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) Inclusion of Indian Tribes.--Section 103A(a) of the Sikes Act 
(16 U.S.C. 670c-1(a)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) 
by inserting ``Indian tribes,'' after ``local governments,''.
    (b) Indian Tribe Defined.--Section 100 of such Act (16 U.S.C. 670) 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(6) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian tribe' means any Indian 
    tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community, 
    including any Alaska Native village or regional or village 
    corporation as defined in or established pursuant to the Alaska 
    Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), which is 
    recognized as eligible for the special programs and services 
    provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as 
    Indians.''.
    SEC. 313. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GUIDANCE ON ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES 
      AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS AND BRIEFING REGARDING ENVIRONMENTAL 
      EXPOSURES TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Issuance of Guidance Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue 
    guidance to the military departments and appropriate defense 
    agencies regarding environmental exposures on military 
    installations.
        (2) Elements.--The guidance issued pursuant to paragraph (1) 
    shall address, at a minimum, the following:
            (A) The criteria for when and under what circumstances 
        public health assessments by the Agency for Toxic Substances 
        and Disease Registry must be requested in connection with 
        environmental contamination at military installations, 
        including past incidents of environmental contamination.
            (B) The procedures to be used to track and document the 
        status and nature of responses to the findings and 
        recommendations of the public health assessments of the Agency 
        of Toxic Substances and Disease Registry that involve 
        contamination at military installations.
            (C) The appropriate actions to be undertaken to assess 
        significant long-term health risks from past environmental 
        exposures to military personnel and civilian individuals from 
        living or working on military installations.
        (3) Submission.--Not later than 30 days after the issuance of 
    the guidance required by paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense 
    shall transmit to the congressional defense committees a copy of 
    the guidance.
    (b) Briefing Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a 
    briefing to the congressional defense committees regarding materiel 
    solutions that would measure environmental exposures to members of 
    the Armed Forces while in contingency operations.
        (2) Elements.--The briefing required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include, at a minimum, the following:
            (A) Relevant materiel solutions in development or 
        commercially available that would facilitate the identification 
        of members of the Armed Forces who have individual exposures to 
        environmental hazards, including burn pits, dust or sand, 
        hazardous materials, and waste.
            (B) A timeline, and estimated cost, of developing and 
        deploying the materiel solutions described in subparagraph (A).
            (C) Identification of the Department of Defense's process, 
        and any systems, that collect and maintain exposure data and a 
        description of how the Department of Defense could integrate 
        data from the materiel solutions described in subparagraph (A) 
        into those systems.
            (D) An update regarding the sharing of environmental 
        exposure data with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs for use in 
        medical and treatment records of veterans, including how the 
        materiel solutions described in subparagraph (A) can be used in 
        determining the service-connectedness of health conditions and 
        in identifying possible origins and causes of disease.
    SEC. 314. REPORT ON STATUS OF TARGETS IN IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR 
      OPERATIONAL ENERGY STRATEGY.
    (a) Report Required.--If the annual report for fiscal year 2011 
required by section 2925(b) of title 10, United States Code, is not 
submitted to the congressional defense committees by December 31, 2012, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit, not later than June 30, 2013, to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the status of the 
targets established in the implementation plan for the operational 
energy strategy established pursuant to section 139b of such title, as 
contained in the document entitled ``Operational Energy Strategy: 
Implementation Plan, Department of Defense, March 2012''.
    (b) Elements of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall describe, at a minimum, the following:
        (1) The status of each of the targets listed in the 
    implementation plan.
        (2) The steps being taken to meet the targets.
        (3) The expected date of completion for each target, if the 
    date is different from the date indicated in the implementation 
    plan.
        (4) The reason for any delays in meeting the targets.
    SEC. 315. LIMITATION ON OBLIGATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FUNDS 
      FROM DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT OF 1950 FOR BIOFUEL REFINERY 
      CONSTRUCTION.
    Amounts made available to the Department of Defense pursuant to the 
Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. App. 2061 et seq.) for fiscal 
year 2013 for biofuels production may not be obligated or expended for 
the construction of a biofuel refinery until the Department of Defense 
receives matching contributions from the Department of Energy and 
equivalent contributions from the Department of Agriculture for the 
same purpose.
    SEC. 316. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON PROTECTION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      AIRFIELDS, TRAINING AIRSPACE, AND AIR TRAINING ROUTES.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) Department of Defense airfields, training airspace, and air 
    training routes are critical national assets that must be protected 
    from encroachment or mission degradations to the maximum extent 
    practicable;
        (2) placement or emplacement of obstructions near or on 
    Department of Defense airfields, training airspace, or air training 
    routes has the potential of increasing risk to military aircraft 
    and personnel as well as impacting training and readiness; and
        (3) in the context of a Department of Defense operational risk 
    assessment and the Department of Defense Siting Clearinghouse, the 
    Department of Defense should develop and promulgate comprehensive 
    guidance to assess the degree to which the potential encroachment 
    of a project significantly impairs or degrades the capability of 
    the Department to conduct missions or maintain readiness to the 
    extent of presenting an unacceptable risk to national security with 
    strong consideration given to the input provided by the military 
    services.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

    SEC. 321. EXPANSION AND REAUTHORIZATION OF MULTI-TRADES 
      DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.
    (a) Expansion.--Section 338 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 5013 note), as 
most recently amended by section 329 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 
67), is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(a) Demonstration Project Authorized.--In accordance with 
subsection 4703 of title 5, United States Code, the Secretary of a 
military department may carry out a demonstration project at facilities 
described in subsection (b) under which workers who are certified at 
the journey level as able to perform multiple trades shall be promoted 
by one grade level.''; and
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Logistics Center, Navy 
    Fleet Readiness Center,'' and inserting ``Logistics Complex, Navy 
    Fleet Readiness Center, Navy shipyard, Marine Corps Logistics 
    Base,''.
    (b) Reauthorization.--Such section is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``2013'' and inserting 
    ``2018''; and
        (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``2014'' and inserting 
    ``2019''.
    SEC. 322. RESTORATION AND AMENDMENT OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS RELATING 
      TO DEPOT-LEVEL MAINTENANCE AND CORE LOGISTICS CAPABILITIES.
    (a) Repeal.--The following provisions of law are hereby repealed:
        (1) Section 2460 of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
    section 321 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81)).
        (2) Section 2464 of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
    section 327 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2012).
    (b) Revival of Superseded Provisions.--
        (1) Definition of depot-level maintenance and repair.--The 
    provisions of section 2460 of title 10, United States Code, as in 
    effect on December 30, 2011 (the day before the date of the 
    enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2012), are hereby revived.
        (2) Core logistics capabilities.--(A) The provisions of section 
    2464 of 10, United States Code, as in effect on that date, are 
    hereby revived.
        (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 146 of 
    such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 2464 
    and inserting the following new item:

``2464. Core logistics capabilities.''.

    (c) Amendment to Definition of Depot-level Maintenance and 
Repair.--Subsection (b) of section 2460 of title 10, United States 
Code, as revived by subsection (b), is amended by striking ``or the 
nuclear refueling of an aircraft carrier'' and inserting ``or the 
nuclear refueling or defueling of an aircraft carrier and any 
concurrent complex overhaul''.
    (d) Biennial Core Report.--Section 2464 of such title, as revived 
by subsection (b), is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsections:
    ``(d) Biennial Core Report.--Not later than April 1 of each even-
numbered year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a 
report identifying, for each of the armed forces (except for the Coast 
Guard), for the fiscal year after the fiscal year during which the 
report is submitted, each of the following:
        ``(1) The core depot-level maintenance and repair capability 
    requirements and sustaining workloads, organized by work breakdown 
    structure, expressed in direct labor hours.
        ``(2) The corresponding workloads necessary to sustain core 
    depot-level maintenance and repair capability requirements, 
    expressed in direct labor hours and cost.
        ``(3) In any case where core depot-level maintenance and repair 
    capability requirements exceed or are expected to exceed sustaining 
    workloads, a detailed rationale for any and all shortfalls and a 
    plan either to correct or mitigate the effects of the shortfalls.
    ``(e) Comptroller General Review.--The Comptroller General of the 
United States shall review each report submitted under subsection (d) 
for completeness and compliance and shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees findings and recommendations with respect to the 
report by not later than 60 days after the date on which the report is 
submitted to Congress.''.
    (e) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 2366a of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
    by striking ``core depot-level maintenance and repair 
    capabilities'' each place it appears and inserting ``core logistics 
    capabilities''.
        (2) Section 2366b(A)(3)(F) of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by striking ``core depot-level maintenance and repair 
    capabilities, as well as the associated logistics capabilities'' 
    and inserting ``core logistics capabilities''.
        (3) Section 801(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2012 (125 Stat. 1483; 10 U.S.C. 2366a note) is 
    amended by striking ``core depot-level maintenance and repair 
    capabilities, as well as the associated logistics capabilities'' 
    and inserting ``core logistics capabilities''.
    (f) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made by this 
section shall take effect on December 31, 2011, the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2012, immediately after the enactment of that Act.
    SEC. 323. RATING CHAINS FOR SYSTEM PROGRAM MANAGERS.
    The Secretary of the Air Force, in managing system program 
management responsibilities for sustainment programs not assigned to a 
program executive officer or a direct reporting program manager, shall 
comply with the Department of Defense Instructions regarding assignment 
of program responsibility.

                         Subtitle D--Readiness

    SEC. 331. INTERGOVERNMENTAL SUPPORT AGREEMENTS WITH STATE AND LOCAL 
      GOVERNMENTS.
    (a) Agreements Authorized.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2336. Intergovernmental support agreements with State and local 
    governments
    ``(a) In General.--(1) The Secretary concerned may enter into an 
intergovernmental support agreement with a State or local government to 
provide, receive, or share installation-support services if the 
Secretary determines that the agreement will serve the best interests 
of the department by enhancing mission effectiveness or creating 
efficiencies or economies of scale, including by reducing costs.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an 
intergovernmental support agreement under paragraph (1)--
        ``(A) may be entered into on a sole-source basis;
        ``(B) may be for a term not to exceed five years; and
        ``(C) may use, for installation-support services provided by a 
    State or local government, wage grades normally paid by that State 
    or local government.
    ``(3) An intergovernmental support agreement under paragraph (1) 
may only be used when the Secretary concerned or the State or local 
government, as the case may be, providing the installation-support 
services already provides such services for its own use.
    ``(b) Effect on First Responder Arrangements.--The authority 
provided by this section and limitations on the use of that authority 
are not intended to revoke, preclude, or otherwise interfere with 
existing or proposed mutual-aid agreements relating to police or fire 
protection services or other similar first responder agreements or 
arrangements.
    ``(c) Availability of Funds.--Funds available to the Secretary 
concerned for operation and maintenance may be used to pay for such 
installation-support services. The costs of agreements under this 
section for any fiscal year may be paid using annual appropriations 
made available for that year. Funds received by the Secretary as 
reimbursement for providing installation-support services pursuant to 
such an agreement shall be credited to the appropriation or account 
charged with providing installation support.
    ``(d) Effect on OMB Circular A-76.-- The Secretary concerned shall 
ensure that intergovernmental support agreements authorized by this 
section are not used to circumvent the requirements of Office of 
Management and Budget Circular A-76 regarding public-private 
competitions.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `installation-support services' means those 
    services, supplies, resources, and support typically provided by a 
    local government for its own needs and without regard to whether 
    such services, supplies, resources, and support are provided to its 
    residents generally, except that the term does not include security 
    guard or fire-fighting functions.
        ``(2) The term `local government' includes a county, parish, 
    municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school 
    district, special district, and any agency or instrumentality of a 
    local government.
        ``(3) The term `State' includes the District of Columbia, the 
    Commonwealths of Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands, 
    American Samoa, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands, and any 
    agency or instrumentality of a State.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2336. Intergovernmental support agreements with State and local 
          governments.''.
    SEC. 332. EXPANSION AND REAUTHORIZATION OF PILOT PROGRAM FOR 
      AVAILABILITY OF WORKING-CAPITAL FUNDS FOR PRODUCT IMPROVEMENTS.
    (a) Expansion.--Section 330 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 68) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, the Secretary of the 
    Navy, and the Secretary of the Air Force (in this section referred 
    to as the `Secretary concerned')'' after ``the Secretary of the 
    Army'';
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by inserting ``by the Secretary concerned'' after 
        ``submitted''; and
            (B) by inserting ``by the Secretary concerned'' after 
        ``used''; and
        (3) in subsection (e)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the Assistant Secretary 
        of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology, in 
        consultation with the Assistant Secretary of the Army for 
        Financial Management and Comptroller,'' and inserting ``the 
        Secretary concerned''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the Assistant Secretary 
        of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology'' and 
        inserting ``the Secretary concerned''.
    (b) Covered Product Improvements.--Subsection (b) of such section 
is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``retrofit, modernization, upgrade, or rebuild 
    of a'' before ``component''; and
        (2) by striking ``reliability and maintainability'' and 
    inserting ``reliability, availability, and maintainability''.
    (c) Limitation on Certain Projects.--Subsection (c)(1) of such 
section is amended by striking ``performance envelope'' and inserting 
``capability''.
    (d) Reporting Requirement.--Subsection (e) of such section is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2017''; and
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``60 days'' and inserting 
    ``45 days''.
    (e) Extension.--Subsection (f) of such section, as amended by 
section 354 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1377), is further amended by 
striking ``2014'' and inserting ``2018''.
    (f) Clerical Amendment.--The heading of such section is amended by 
striking ``to army''.
    SEC. 333. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NATIONAL STRATEGIC PORTS STUDY AND 
      COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDIES AND REPORTS ON STRATEGIC PORTS.
    (a) Sense of Congress on Completion of DOD Report.--It is the sense 
of Congress that the Secretary of Defense should expedite completion of 
the study of strategic ports in the United States called for in the 
conference report to accompany the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2012 (Conference Report 112-329) so that it can be 
submitted to Congress before December 31, 2012.
    (b) Comptroller General Sufficiency Review.--
        (1) Submission of dod report.--In addition to submitting the 
    report referred to in subsection (a) to Congress, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit the report to the Comptroller General of the 
    United States.
        (2) Sufficiency review.--Not later than 90 days after receiving 
    the report under paragraph (1), the Comptroller General shall--
            (A) conduct a sufficiency review of the report; and
            (B) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        containing the results of the review.
    (c) Comptroller General Study and Report on Strategic Ports.--
        (1) Study and report required.--Not later than 270 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General 
    shall--
            (A) conduct a study of the programs and efforts of the 
        Department of Defense related to the state of strategic ports 
        with respect to the operational and readiness requirements of 
        the Department; and
            (B) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        containing the findings of the study.
        (2) Elements of study.--The study required by paragraph (1) 
    shall include an assessment of--
            (A) the extent to which the facilities at strategic ports 
        meet the requirements of the Department of Defense;
            (B) the extent to which the Department has identified gaps 
        in the ability of existing strategic ports to meet its needs 
        and identified and undertaken efforts to address any gaps; and
            (C) the ability of the Department to oversee, coordinate, 
        and provide security for military deployments through strategic 
        ports.
    (d) Strategic Port Defined.--In this section, the term ``strategic 
port'' means a United States port designated by the Secretary of 
Defense as a significant transportation hub important to the readiness 
and cargo throughput capacity of the Department of Defense.

                          Subtitle E--Reports

    SEC. 341. ANNUAL REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE LONG-TERM 
      CORROSION STRATEGY.
    Section 2228(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, including 
        available validated data on return on investment for completed 
        corrosion projects and activities'' after ``the strategy'';
            (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``For the fiscal year 
        covered by the report and the preceding fiscal year'' and 
        inserting ``For the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year 
        covered by the report''; and
            (C) by inserting at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(F) For the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year covered by 
    the report, a description of the specific amount of funds used for 
    military corrosion projects, the Technical Corrosion Collaboration 
    pilot program, and other corrosion-related activities.'';
        (2) by striking paragraph (2); and
        (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).
    SEC. 342. REPORT ON JOINT STRATEGY FOR READINESS AND TRAINING IN A 
      C4ISR-DENIED ENVIRONMENT.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall submit to Congress a 
report on the readiness of the joint force to conduct operations in 
environments where there is no access to Command, Control, 
Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and 
Reconnaissance (in this section referred to as ``C4ISR'') systems, 
including satellite communications, classified Internet protocol-based 
networks, and the Global Positioning System (in this section referred 
to as ``GPS'').
    (b) Contents of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include a description of the steps taken and planned to be 
taken--
        (1) to identify likely threats to the C4ISR systems of the 
    United States, including both weapons and those states with such 
    capabilities as well as the most likely areas in which C4ISR 
    systems could be at risk;
        (2) to identify vulnerabilities to the C4ISR systems of the 
    United States that could result in a C4ISR-denied environment;
        (3) to determine how the Armed Forces should respond in order 
    to reconstitute C4ISR systems, prevent further denial of C4ISR 
    systems, and develop counter-attack capabilities;
        (4) to determine which types of joint operations could be 
    feasible in an environment in which access to C4ISR systems is 
    restricted or denied;
        (5) to conduct training and exercises for sustaining combat and 
    logistics operations in C4ISR-denied environments; and
        (6) to propose changes to current tactics, techniques, and 
    procedures to prepare to operate in an environment in which C4ISR 
    systems are degraded or denied for 48-hour, 7-day, 30-day, or 60-
    day periods.
    (c) Joint Exercise Plan Required.--Based on the findings of the 
report required by subsection (a), the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff shall develop a roadmap and joint exercise plan for the joint 
force to operate in an environment where access to C4ISR systems, 
including satellite communications, classified Internet protocol-based 
networks, and the GPS network, is denied. The plan and joint exercise 
program shall include--
        (1) the development of alternatives to satellite 
    communications, classified Internet protocol-based networks, and 
    GPS for logistics, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and 
    combat operations; and
        (2) methods to mitigate dependency on satellite communications, 
    classified Internet protocol-based networks, and GPS;
        (3) methods to protect vulnerable satellite communications, 
    classified Internet protocol-based networks, and GPS; and
        (4) a joint exercise and training plan to include fleet battle 
    experiments, to enable the force to operate in a satellite 
    communications, Internet protocol-based network, and GPS-denied 
    environment.
    (d) Form of Report.--The report required to be submitted by 
subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include 
a classified annex.
    SEC. 343. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF ANNUAL DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE REPORT ON PREPOSITIONED MATERIEL AND EQUIPMENT.
    Section 2229a(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``By not later than 120 days after the date on 
    which a report is submitted under subsection (a), the'' and 
    inserting ``The''; and
        (2) by striking ``the report'' and inserting ``each report 
    submitted under subsection (a)''.
    SEC. 344. MODIFICATION OF REPORT ON MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OF 
      VESSELS IN FOREIGN SHIPYARDS.
    Section 7310(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``The report'' and inserting the following: ``Except as 
        provided in paragraph (4), the report''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (A), by inserting after ``justification 
        under law'' the following: ``and operational justification'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5);
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
    paragraph (4):
        ``(4) In the case of a covered vessel described in subparagraph 
    (C) of paragraph (5), the report shall not be required to include 
    the information described in subparagraphs (A), (E), (F), (G), and 
    (I) of paragraph (3).''; and
        (4) in paragraph (5), as redesignated by paragraph (2) of this 
    section, by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(C) A vessel not described in subparagraph (A) or (B) that is 
    operated pursuant to a contract entered into by the Secretary of 
    the Navy and the Maritime Administration or the United States 
    Transportation Command in support of Department of Defense 
    operations.''.
    SEC. 345. EXTENSION OF DEADLINE FOR COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SERVICE CONTRACT INVENTORY.
    Section 803(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2402) is amended by striking 
``180 days'' and inserting ``270 days''.

           Subtitle F--Limitations and Extension of Authority

    SEC. 351. REPEAL OF REDUNDANT AUTHORITY TO ENSURE INTEROPERABILITY 
      OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AND EMERGENCY RESPONDER TRAINING.
    Section 372 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--''; and
        (2) by striking subsection (b).
    SEC. 352. AEROSPACE CONTROL ALERT MISSION.
    (a) Consolidated Budget Exhibit.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish a consolidated budget justification display that fully 
identifies the baseline aerospace control alert budget for each of the 
military services and encompasses all programs and activities of the 
aerospace control alert mission for each of the following functions:
        (1) Procurement.
        (2) Operation and maintenance.
        (3) Research, development, testing, and evaluation.
        (4) Military construction.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) Report to congress.--Not later than April 1, 2013, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report that provides a cost-benefit analysis and risk-
    based assessment of the aerospace control alert mission as it 
    relates to expected future changes to the budget and force 
    structure of such mission.
        (2) Comptroller general review.--Not later than 120 days after 
    the date on which the Secretary submits the report required by 
    paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of the United States shall--
            (A) conduct a review of the Department of Defense cost-
        benefit analysis and risk-based assessment contained in the 
        report; and
            (B) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        on the findings of such review.
    (c) Sense of Congress on the Essential Service Provided by Air 
Force Wings Performing Aerospace Control Alert Missions.--It is the 
sense of Congress that Air Force wings performing the 24-hour aerospace 
control alert missions provide an essential service in defending the 
sovereign airspace of the United States in the aftermath of the 
terrorist attacks upon the United States on September 11, 2001.
    SEC. 353. LIMITATION ON AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE 
      NATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY.
    Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for Operation and 
Maintenance for fiscal year 2013, not more than $5,000,000 shall be 
made available for the National Museum of the United States Army until 
the Secretary of the Army submits to the congressional defense 
committees certification in writing that sufficient private funding has 
been raised to fund the construction of the portion of the museum known 
as the ``Baseline Museum'' and that at least 50 percent of the Baseline 
Museum has been completed.
    SEC. 354. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OR 
      INACTIVATION OF TICONDEROGA CLASS CRUISERS OR DOCK LANDING SHIPS.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2013 for the Department of 
Defense may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare to retire, 
inactivate, or place in storage a cruiser or dock landing ship.
    SEC. 355. RENEWAL OF EXPIRED PROHIBITION ON RETURN OF VETERANS 
      MEMORIAL OBJECTS WITHOUT SPECIFIC AUTHORIZATION IN LAW.
    (a) Codification of Prohibition.--Section 2572 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(e)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (3), and notwithstanding 
this section or any other provision of law, the President may not 
transfer a veterans memorial object to a foreign country or an entity 
controlled by a foreign government, or otherwise transfer or convey 
such an object to any person or entity for purposes of the ultimate 
transfer or conveyance of the object to a foreign country or entity 
controlled by a foreign government.
    ``(2) In this subsection:
        ``(A) The term `entity controlled by a foreign government' has 
    the meaning given that term in section 2536(c)(1) of this title.
        ``(B) The term `veterans memorial object' means any object, 
    including a physical structure or portion thereof, that--
            ``(i) is located at a cemetery of the National Cemetery 
        System, war memorial, or military installation in the United 
        States;
            ``(ii) is dedicated to, or otherwise memorializes, the 
        death in combat or combat-related duties of members of the 
        armed forces; and
            ``(iii) was brought to the United States from abroad as a 
        memorial of combat abroad.
    ``(3) The prohibition imposed by paragraph (1) does not apply to a 
transfer of a veterans memorial object if--
        ``(A) the transfer of that veterans memorial object is 
    specifically authorized by law; or
        ``(B) the transfer is made after September 30, 2017.''.
    (b) Repeal of Obsolete Source Law.--Section 1051 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (Public Law 106-65; 10 
U.S.C. 2572 note) is repealed.

   Subtitle G--National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force

    SEC. 361. SHORT TITLE.
    This subtitle may be cited as the ``National Commission on the 
Structure of the Air Force Act of 2012''.
    SEC. 362. ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMISSION.
    (a) Establishment.--There is established the National Commission on 
the Structure of the Air Force (in this subtitle referred to as the 
``Commission'').
    (b) Membership.--
        (1) Composition.--The Commission shall be composed of eight 
    members, of whom--
            (A) four shall be appointed by the President;
            (B) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the Senate;
            (C) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
            (D) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the House of Representatives; and
            (E) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives.
        (2) Appointment date.--The appointments of the members of the 
    Commission shall be made not later than 90 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act.
        (3) Effect of lack of appointment by appointment date.--If one 
    or more appointments under subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) is not 
    made by the appointment date specified in paragraph (2), the 
    authority to make such appointment or appointments shall expire, 
    and the number of members of the Commission shall be reduced by the 
    number equal to the number of appointments so not made. If an 
    appointment under subparagraph (B), (C), (D), or (E) of paragraph 
    (1) is not made by the appointment date specified in paragraph (2), 
    the authority to make an appointment under such subparagraph shall 
    expire, and the number of members of the Commission shall be 
    reduced by the number equal to the number otherwise appointable 
    under such subparagraph.
        (4) Expertise.--In making appointments under this subsection, 
    consideration should be given to individuals with expertise in 
    reserve forces policy.
    (c) Period of Appointment; Vacancies.--Members shall be appointed 
for the life of the Commission. Any vacancy in the Commission shall not 
affect its powers, but shall be filled in the same manner as the 
original appointment.
    (d) Initial Meeting.--Not later than 30 days after the date on 
which all members of the Commission have been appointed, the Commission 
shall hold its first meeting.
    (e) Meetings.--The Commission shall meet at the call of the Chair.
    (f) Quorum.--A majority of the members of the Commission shall 
constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of members may hold hearings.
    (g) Chair and Vice Chairman.--The Commission shall select a Chair 
and Vice Chair from among its members.
    SEC. 363. DUTIES OF THE COMMISSION.
    (a) Study.--
        (1) In general.--The Commission shall undertake a comprehensive 
    study of the structure of the Air Force to determine whether, and 
    how, the structure should be modified to best fulfill current and 
    anticipated mission requirements for the Air Force in a manner 
    consistent with available resources.
        (2) Considerations.--In considering the structure of the Air 
    Force, the Commission shall give particular consideration to 
    evaluating a structure that--
            (A) meets current and anticipated requirements of the 
        combatant commands;
            (B) achieves an appropriate balance between the regular and 
        reserve components of the Air Force, taking advantage of the 
        unique strengths and capabilities of each;
            (C) ensures that the regular and reserve components of the 
        Air Force have the capacity needed to support current and 
        anticipated homeland defense and disaster assistance missions 
        in the United States;
            (D) provides for sufficient numbers of regular members of 
        the Air Force to provide a base of trained personnel from which 
        the personnel of the reserve components of the Air Force could 
        be recruited;
            (E) maintains a peacetime rotation force to support 
        operational tempo goals of 1:2 for regular members of the Air 
        Forces and 1:5 for members of the reserve components of the Air 
        Force; and
            (F) maximizes and appropriately balances affordability, 
        efficiency, effectiveness, capability, and readiness.
    (b) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2014, the Commission shall 
submit to the President and the congressional defense committees a 
report which shall contain a detailed statement of the findings and 
conclusions of the Commission as a result of the study required by 
subsection (a), together with its recommendations for such legislation 
and administrative actions it may consider appropriate in light of the 
results of the study.
    SEC. 364. POWERS OF THE COMMISSION.
    (a) Hearings.--The Commission may hold such hearings, sit and act 
at such times and places, take such testimony, and receive such 
evidence as the Commission considers advisable to carry out this 
subtitle.
    (b) Information From Federal Agencies.--The Commission may secure 
directly from any Federal department or agency such information as the 
Commission considers necessary to carry out this subtitle. Upon request 
of the Chair of the Commission, the head of such department or agency 
shall furnish such information to the Commission.
    (c) Postal Services.--The Commission may use the United States 
mails in the same manner and under the same conditions as other 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government.
    (d) Gifts.--The Commission may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or 
donations of services or property.
    SEC. 365. COMMISSION PERSONNEL MATTERS.
    (a) Compensation of Members.--Each member of the Commission who is 
not an officer or employee of the Federal Government shall be 
compensated at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the annual rate 
of basic pay prescribed for level IV of the Executive Schedule under 
section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, for each day (including 
travel time) during which such member is engaged in the performance of 
the duties of the Commission. All members of the Commission who are 
officers or employees of the United States shall serve without 
compensation in addition to that received for their services as 
officers or employees of the United States.
    (b) Travel Expenses.--The members of the Commission shall be 
allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at 
rates authorized for employees of agencies under subchapter I of 
chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, while away from their homes 
or regular places of business in the performance of services for the 
Commission.
    (c) Staff.--
        (1) In general.--The Chair of the Commission may, without 
    regard to the civil service laws and regulations, appoint and 
    terminate an executive director and such other additional personnel 
    as may be necessary to enable the Commission to perform its duties. 
    The employment of an executive director shall be subject to 
    confirmation by the Commission.
        (2) Compensation.--The Chair of the Commission may fix the 
    compensation of the executive director and other personnel without 
    regard to chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, 
    United States Code, relating to classification of positions and 
    General Schedule pay rates, except that the rate of pay for the 
    executive director and other personnel may not exceed the rate 
    payable for level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of 
    such title.
    (d) Detail of Government Employees.--Any Federal Government 
employee may be detailed to the Commission without reimbursement, and 
such detail shall be without interruption or loss of civil service 
status or privilege.
    (e) Procurement of Temporary and Intermittent Services.--The Chair 
of the Commission may procure temporary and intermittent services under 
section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, at rates for 
individuals which do not exceed the daily equivalent of the annual rate 
of basic pay prescribed for level V of the Executive Schedule under 
section 5316 of such title.
    SEC. 366. TERMINATION OF THE COMMISSION.
    The Commission shall terminate 90 days after the date on which the 
Commission submits its report under section 363.
    SEC. 367. FUNDING.
    Amounts authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2013 and 
available for operation and maintenance for the Air Force as specified 
in the funding table in section 4301 may be available for the 
activities of the Commission under this subtitle.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

    SEC. 371. MILITARY WORKING DOG MATTERS.
    (a) Retirement of Military Working Dogs.--Section 2583 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections (g) 
    and (h), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection (f):
    ``(f) Transfer of Retired Military Working Dogs.--If the Secretary 
of the military department concerned determines that a military working 
dog should be retired, and no suitable adoption is available at the 
military facility where the dog is located, the Secretary may transfer 
the dog--
        ``(1) to the 341st Training Squadron; or
        ``(2) to another location for adoption under this section.''.
    (b) Veterinary Care for Retired Military Working Dogs.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 50 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 994. Military working dogs: veterinary care for retired military 
   working dogs
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may establish and 
maintain a system to provide for the veterinary care of retired 
military working dogs. No funds may be provided by the Federal 
Government for this purpose.
    ``(b) Eligible Dogs.--A retired military working dog eligible for 
veterinary care under this section is any military working dog adopted 
under section 2583 of this title.
    ``(c) Standards of Care.--The veterinary care provided under the 
system authorized by this section shall meet such standards as the 
Secretary shall establish and from time to time update.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 50 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
    following new item:

``994. Military working dogs: veterinary care for retired military 
          working dogs.''.
    SEC. 372. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF HANDLING, LABELING, AND 
      PACKAGING PROCEDURES FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SHIPMENTS.
    (a) Comptroller General Review.--The Comptroller General of the 
United States shall conduct a review of the policies and procedures of 
the Department of Defense for the handling, labeling, and packaging of 
hazardous material shipments.
    (b) Matters Included.--The review conducted under subsection (a) 
shall address the following:
        (1) The relevant statutes, regulations, and guidance and 
    policies of the Department of Defense pertaining to the handling, 
    labeling, and packaging procedures of hazardous material shipments 
    to support military operations.
        (2) The extent to which such guidance, policies, and procedures 
    contribute to the safe, timely, and cost-effective handling of such 
    material.
        (3) The extent to which discrepancies in Department of 
    Transportation guidance, policies, and procedures pertaining to 
    handling, labeling, and packaging of hazardous material shipments 
    in commerce and similar Department of Defense guidance, policies, 
    and procedures pertaining to the handling, labeling, and packaging 
    of hazardous material shipments impact the safe, timely, and cost-
    effective handling of such material.
        (4) Any additional matters that the Comptroller General 
    determines will further inform the appropriate congressional 
    committees on issues related to the handling, labeling, and 
    packaging procedures for hazardous material shipments to members of 
    the Armed Forces worldwide.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report of the review conducted 
under subsection (a).
    (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this section, the 
term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
        (1) The congressional defense committees.
        (2) The Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
    House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
    and Transportation of the Senate.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revision in permanent active duty end strength minimum levels.
Sec. 403. Annual limitation on end strength reductions for regular 
          component of the Army and Marine Corps.
Sec. 404. Additional Marine Corps personnel for the Marine Corps 
          Security Guard Program.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2013 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

    SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.
    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2013, as follows:
        (1) The Army, 552,100.
        (2) The Navy, 322,700.
        (3) The Marine Corps, 197,300.
        (4) The Air Force, 329,460.
    SEC. 402. REVISION IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
      LEVELS.
    (a) Minimum End Strength.--Subsection (b) of section 691 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking paragraphs (1) through 
(4) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
        ``(1) For the Army, 542,700.
        ``(2) For the Navy, 322,700.
        ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 193,500.
        ``(4) For the Air Force, 329,460.''.
    (b) Limited Reduction Authority.--Such section is further amended 
by inserting after subsection (d) the following new subsection:
    ``(e) The Secretary of Defense may reduce a number specified in 
subsection (b) by not more than 0.5 percent.''.
    SEC. 403. ANNUAL LIMITATION ON END STRENGTH REDUCTIONS FOR REGULAR 
      COMPONENT OF THE ARMY AND MARINE CORPS.
    (a) Annual Limitation on Army End Strength Reductions.--The end 
strength of the regular component of the Army shall not be reduced by 
more than 15,000 members during each of fiscal years 2014 through 2017 
from the end strength of the regular component of the Army at the end 
of the preceding fiscal year.
    (b) Annual Limitation on Marine Corps End Strength Reductions.--The 
end strength of the regular component of the Marine Corps shall not be 
reduced by more than 5,000 members during each of fiscal years 2014 
through 2017 from the end strength of the regular component of the 
Marine Corps at the end of the preceding fiscal year.
    SEC. 404. ADDITIONAL MARINE CORPS PERSONNEL FOR THE MARINE CORPS 
      SECURITY GUARD PROGRAM.
    (a) Additional Personnel.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
    implement a plan to increase the number of members of the Marine 
    Corps assigned to the Marine Corps Embassy Security Group at 
    Quantico, Virginia, and Marine Security Group Regional Commands and 
    Marine Security Group detachments at United States embassies, 
    consulates, and other diplomatic facilities by up to 1,000 Marines.
        (2) Purpose.--The purpose of the increase under paragraph (1) 
    is to provide the additional end strength and the resources 
    necessary to support enhanced Marine Corps security at United 
    States embassies, consulates, and other diplomatic facilities, 
    particularly at locations identified by the Secretary of State as 
    in need of additional security because of threats to United States 
    personnel and property.
    (b) Consultation.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement the plan required by subsection (a) in consultation with the 
Secretary of State pursuant to the responsibility of the Secretary of 
State for diplomatic security under section 103 of the Diplomatic 
Security Act (22 U.S.C. 4802), and in accordance with any current 
memorandum of understanding between the Department of State and the 
Marine Corps on the operational and administrative supervision of the 
Marine Corps Security Guard Program.
    (c) Supporting Information for Budget Requests.--The material 
submitted in support of the budget of the President for each fiscal 
year after fiscal year 2013, as submitted to Congress pursuant to 
section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, shall include the 
following with regard to the Marine Corps Security Guard Program:
        (1) A description of the expanded security support to be 
    provided by Marine Corps Security Guards to the Department of State 
    during that fiscal year, including--
            (A) any increased internal security to be provided at 
        United States embassies, consulates, and other diplomatic 
        facilities;
            (B) any increased support for emergency action planning, 
        training, and advising of host nation security forces; and
            (C) any expansion of intelligence collection activities.
        (2) A description of the current status of Marine Corps 
    personnel assigned to the Marine Corps Security Guard Program as a 
    result of the plan required by subsection (a).
        (3) A description of the Department of Defense resources 
    required during that fiscal year for the Marine Corps Security 
    Guard Program, including total funding for personnel, operation and 
    maintenance, and procurement, and for key supporting programs to 
    enable both the current and expanded Program mission during that 
    fiscal year.
    (d) Preservation of Funding for Marine Corps Under National 
Military Strategy.--In determining the amounts to be requested for each 
fiscal year after fiscal year 2013 for the Marine Corps Security Guard 
Program and for additional personnel under the Program, the President 
shall ensure that amounts requested for the Marine Corps for that 
fiscal year do not degrade the readiness of the Marine Corps to fulfill 
the requirements of the National Military Strategy prescribed by the 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    (e) Reporting Requirements.--
        (1) Mission assessment.--Not later than October 1, 2013, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall--
            (A) conduct an assessment of the mission of the Marine 
        Corps Security Guard Program and the procedural rules of 
        engagement under the Program, in light of current and emerging 
        threats to United States diplomatic personnel; and
            (B) submit to Congress a report on the assessment, 
        including a description and assessment of options to improve 
        the Program to respond to such threats.
        (2) Notification of changes in scope of program in response to 
    changing threats.--If the President determines that a modification 
    (whether an increase or a decrease) in the scope of the Marine 
    Corps Security Guard Program is necessary or advisable in light of 
    any change in the nature of threats to United States embassies, 
    consulates, and other diplomatic facilities abroad, the President 
    shall--
            (A) notify Congress of such modification and the change in 
        the nature of threats prompting such modification; and
            (B) take such modification into account in requesting an 
        end strength and funds for the Program for any fiscal year in 
        which such modification is in effect.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

    SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2013, as follows:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 358,200.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 205,000.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 62,500.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 39,600.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 105,700.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,880.
        (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 9,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
        (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to serve 
    as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which are on 
    active duty (other than for training) at the end of the fiscal 
    year; and
        (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
    organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
    component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
    unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent at 
    the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.
    SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
      THE RESERVES.
    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2013, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 32,060.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 16,277.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,114.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 14,765.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 2,888.
    SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).
    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2013 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
        (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 27,210.
        (2) For the Army Reserve, 8,395.
        (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 22,180.
        (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 10,400.
    SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2013 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL STATUS 
      TECHNICIANS.
    (a) Limitations.--
        (1) National guard.--Within the limitation provided in section 
    10217(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, the number of non-dual 
    status technicians employed by the National Guard as of September 
    30, 2013, may not exceed the following:
            (A) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        1,600.
            (B) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 350.
        (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status technicians 
    employed by the Army Reserve as of September 30, 2013, may not 
    exceed 595.
        (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
    technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as of September 30, 
    2013, may not exceed 90.
    (b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, the term 
``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 10217(a) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
      ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.
    During fiscal year 2013, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2013 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2013.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

             Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy Generally

Sec. 501. Limitation on number of Navy flag officers on active duty.
Sec. 502. Reinstatement of authority for enhanced selective early 
          retirement boards and early discharges.
Sec. 503. Modification of definition of joint duty assignment to include 
          all instructor assignments for joint training and education.
Sec. 504. Exception to required retirement after 30 years of service for 
          Regular Navy warrant officers in the grade of Chief Warrant 
          Officer, W-5.
Sec. 505. Extension of temporary authority to reduce minimum length of 
          active service as a commissioned officer required for 
          voluntary retirement as an officer.
Sec. 506. Temporary increase in the time-in-grade retirement waiver 
          limitation for lieutenant colonels and colonels in the Army, 
          Air Force, and Marine Corps and commanders and captains in the 
          Navy.
Sec. 507. Modification to limitations on number of officers for whom 
          service-in-grade requirements may be reduced for retirement in 
          grade upon voluntary retirement.
Sec. 508. Air Force Chief of Chaplains.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Codification of staff assistant positions for Joint Staff 
          related to National Guard and Reserve matters.
Sec. 512. Automatic Federal recognition of promotion of certain National 
          Guard warrant officers.
Sec. 513. Availability of Transition Assistance Advisors to assist 
          members of reserve components who serve on active duty for 
          more than 180 consecutive days.

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 518. Authority for additional behavioral health professionals to 
          conduct pre-separation medical exams for post-traumatic stress 
          disorder.
Sec. 519. Diversity in the Armed Forces and related reporting 
          requirements.
Sec. 520. Limitation on reduction in number of military and civilian 
          personnel assigned to duty with service review agencies.
Sec. 521. Extension of temporary increase in accumulated leave carryover 
          for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 522. Modification of authority to conduct programs on career 
          flexibility to enhance retention of members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 523. Prohibition on waiver for commissioning or enlistment in the 
          Armed Forces for any individual convicted of a felony sexual 
          offense.
Sec. 524. Quality review of Medical Evaluation Boards, Physical 
          Evaluation Boards, and Physical Evaluation Board Liaison 
          Officers.
Sec. 525. Reports on involuntary separation of members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 526. Report on feasibility of developing gender-neutral 
          occupational standards for military occupational specialties 
          currently closed to women.
Sec. 527. Report on education and training and promotion rates for 
          pilots of remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 528. Impact of numbers of members within the Integrated Disability 
          Evaluation System on readiness of Armed Forces to meet mission 
          requirements.

             Subtitle D--Military Justice and Legal Matters

Sec. 531. Clarification and enhancement of the role of Staff Judge 
          Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps.
Sec. 532. Additional information in reports on annual surveys of the 
          Committee on the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 533. Protection of rights of conscience of members of the Armed 
          Forces and chaplains of such members.
Sec. 534. Reports on hazing in the Armed Forces.

      Subtitle E--Member Education and Training Opportunities and 
                             Administration

Sec. 541. Transfer of Troops-to-Teachers Program from Department of 
          Education to Department of Defense and enhancements to the 
          Program.
Sec. 542. Support of Naval Academy athletic and physical fitness 
          programs.
Sec. 543. Expansion of Department of Defense pilot program on receipt of 
          civilian credentialing for military occupational specialty 
          skills.
Sec. 544. State consideration of military training in granting certain 
          State certifications and licenses as a condition on the 
          receipt of funds for veterans employment and training.
Sec. 545. Department of Defense review of access to military 
          installations by representatives of institutions of higher 
          education.
Sec. 546. Report on Department of Defense efforts to standardize 
          educational transcripts issued to separating members of the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 547. Comptroller General of the United States reports on joint 
          professional military education matters.

    Subtitle F--Reserve Officers' Training Corps and Related Matters

Sec. 551. Repeal of requirement for eligibility for in-State tuition of 
          at least 50 percent of participants in Senior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps program.
Sec. 552. Consolidation of military department authority to issue arms, 
          tentage, and equipment to educational institutions not 
          maintaining units of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 553. Modification of requirements on plan to increase the number of 
          units of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 554. Comptroller General report on Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
          programs.

 Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness

Sec. 561. Continuation of authority to assist local educational agencies 
          that benefit dependents of members of the Armed Forces and 
          Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 562. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 563. Amendments to the Impact Aid program.
Sec. 564. Transitional compensation for dependent children who are 
          carried during pregnancy at time of dependent-abuse offense 
          committed by an individual while a member of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 565. Modification of authority to allow Department of Defense 
          domestic dependent elementary and secondary schools to enroll 
          certain students.
Sec. 566. Noncompetitive appointment authority regarding certain 
          military spouses.
Sec. 567. Report on future of family support programs of the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 568. Sense of Congress regarding support for Yellow Ribbon Day.

Subtitle H--Improved Sexual Assault Prevention and Response in the Armed 
                                 Forces

Sec. 570. Armed Forces Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.
Sec. 571. Authority to retain or recall to active duty reserve component 
          members who are victims of sexual assault while on active 
          duty.
Sec. 572. Additional elements in comprehensive Department of Defense 
          policy on sexual assault prevention and response.
Sec. 573. Establishment of special victim capabilities within the 
          military departments to respond to allegations of certain 
          special victim offenses.
Sec. 574. Enhancement to training and education for sexual assault 
          prevention and response.
Sec. 575. Modification of annual Department of Defense reporting 
          requirements regarding sexual assaults.
Sec. 576. Independent reviews and assessments of Uniform Code of 
          Military Justice and judicial proceedings of sexual assault 
          cases.
Sec. 577. Retention of certain forms in connection with Restricted 
          Reports on sexual assault at request of the member of the 
          Armed Forces making the report.
Sec. 578. General or flag officer review of and concurrence in 
          separation of members of the Armed Forces making an 
          Unrestricted Report of sexual assault.
Sec. 579. Department of Defense policy and plan for prevention and 
          response to sexual harassment in the Armed Forces.

              Subtitle I--Suicide Prevention and Resilience

Sec. 580. Enhancement of oversight and management of Department of 
          Defense suicide prevention and resilience programs.
Sec. 581. Reserve component suicide prevention and resilience program.
Sec. 582. Comprehensive policy on prevention of suicide among members of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 583. Study of resilience programs for members of the Army.

                        Subtitle J--Other Matters

Sec. 584. Issuance of prisoner-of-war medal.
Sec. 585. Technical amendments relating to the termination of the Armed 
          Forces Institute of Pathology under defense base closure and 
          realignment.
Sec. 586. Modification of requirement for reports in Federal Register on 
          institutions of higher education ineligible for contracts and 
          grants for denial of ROTC or military recruiter access to 
          campus.
Sec. 587. Acceptance of gifts and services related to educational 
          activities and voluntary services to account for missing 
          persons.
Sec. 588. Display of State, District of Columbia, commonwealth, and 
          territorial flags by the Armed Forces.
Sec. 589. Enhancement of authorities on admission of defense industry 
          civilians to certain Department of Defense educational 
          institutions and programs.
Sec. 590. Extension of authorities to carry out a program of referral 
          and counseling services to veterans at risk of homelessness 
          who are transitioning from certain institutions.
Sec. 591. Inspection of military cemeteries under the jurisdiction of 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 592. Report on results of investigations and reviews conducted with 
          respect to Port Mortuary Division of the Air Force Mortuary 
          Affairs Operations Center at Dover Air Force Base.
Sec. 593. Preservation of editorial independence of Stars and Stripes.
Sec. 594. National public awareness and participation campaign for 
          Veterans' History Project of American Folklife Center.
Sec. 595. Report on accuracy of data in the Defense Enrollment 
          Eligibility Reporting System.
Sec. 596. Sense of Congress that the bugle call commonly known as Taps 
          should be designated as the National Song of Military 
          Remembrance.

             Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy Generally

    SEC. 501. LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NAVY FLAG OFFICERS ON ACTIVE 
      DUTY.
    (a) Additional Flag Officer Authorized.--Section 526(a)(2) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``160'' and inserting 
``162''.
    (b) Corresponding Change in Computing Number of Flag Officers in 
Staff Corps of the Navy.--Section 5150(c) of such title is amended by 
striking the last sentence.
    (c) Modification of Effective Date of Certain Reforms of the 
Strength and Distribution Limitations Applicable to Marine Corps 
General Officers.--Paragraph (3) of section 502(b) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 
Stat. 1387; 10 U.S.C. 525 note) is amended to read as follows:
        ``(3) Effective dates.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        the amendments made by this subsection shall take effect on 
        October 1, 2013.
            ``(B) Marine corps officers.--The amendments made by 
        paragraphs (1)(A)(iv) and (2)(D) shall take effect on October 
        1, 2012.''.
    SEC. 502. REINSTATEMENT OF AUTHORITY FOR ENHANCED SELECTIVE EARLY 
      RETIREMENT BOARDS AND EARLY DISCHARGES.
    Section 638a of title 10 United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)'';
            (B) by striking ``, during the period beginning on October 
        1, 1990,'' and all that follows through ``December 31, 2012,''; 
        and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) Any authority provided to the Secretary of a military 
department under paragraph (1) shall expire on the date specified by 
the Secretary of Defense, but such expiration date may not be later 
than December 31, 2018.'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (3) and 
    redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3);
        (3) in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(4) In the case of an action under subsection (b)(2), the 
Secretary of Defense may also authorize the Secretary of the military 
department concerned to waive the five-year period specified in section 
638(c) of this title if the Secretary of Defense determines that it is 
necessary for the Secretary of that military department to have such 
authority in order to meet mission needs.''; and
        (4) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by striking ``subsection (b)(4)'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``subsection (b)(3)''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``except that during the 
        period beginning on October 1, 2006, and ending on December 31, 
        2012,'' in subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting ``except 
        that through December 31, 2018,''.
    SEC. 503. MODIFICATION OF DEFINITION OF JOINT DUTY ASSIGNMENT TO 
      INCLUDE ALL INSTRUCTOR ASSIGNMENTS FOR JOINT TRAINING AND 
      EDUCATION.
    Section 668(b)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``assignments for joint'' and all that follows through ``Phase 
II'' and inserting ``student assignments for joint training and 
education''.
    SEC. 504. EXCEPTION TO REQUIRED RETIREMENT AFTER 30 YEARS OF 
      SERVICE FOR REGULAR NAVY WARRANT OFFICERS IN THE GRADE OF CHIEF 
      WARRANT OFFICER, W-5.
    Section 1305(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``A regular warrant officer (other than a 
        regular Army warrant officer)'' and inserting ``Subject to 
        paragraphs (2) and (3), a regular warrant officer''; and
            (B) by striking ``he'' and inserting ``the officer''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In the case of a regular Navy warrant officer in the grade of 
chief warrant officer, W-5, the officer shall be retired 60 days after 
the date on which the officer completes 33 years of total active 
service.''.
    SEC. 505. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO REDUCE MINIMUM LENGTH 
      OF ACTIVE SERVICE AS A COMMISSIONED OFFICER REQUIRED FOR 
      VOLUNTARY RETIREMENT AS AN OFFICER.
    (a) Army.--Section 3911(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``September 30, 2013'' and inserting ``September 
30, 2018''.
    (b) Navy and Marine Corps.--Section 6323(a)(2)(B) of such title is 
amended by striking ``September 30, 2013'' and inserting ``September 
30, 2018''.
    (c) Air Force.--Section 8911(b)(2) of such title is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2013'' and inserting ``September 30, 2018''.
    SEC. 506. TEMPORARY INCREASE IN THE TIME-IN-GRADE RETIREMENT WAIVER 
      LIMITATION FOR LIEUTENANT COLONELS AND COLONELS IN THE ARMY, AIR 
      FORCE, AND MARINE CORPS AND COMMANDERS AND CAPTAINS IN THE NAVY.
     Section 1370(a)(2)(F) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``the period ending on December 31, 2007'' and 
    inserting ``fiscal years 2013 through 2018'';
        (2) by striking ``Air Force'' and inserting ``Army, Air Force, 
    and Marine Corps''; and
        (3) by striking ``in the period''.
    SEC. 507. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATIONS ON NUMBER OF OFFICERS FOR 
      WHOM SERVICE-IN-GRADE REQUIREMENTS MAY BE REDUCED FOR RETIREMENT 
      IN GRADE UPON VOLUNTARY RETIREMENT.
     Section 1370(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (E)--
            (A) by inserting ``(i)'' after ``exceed''; and
            (B) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``or (ii) in the case of officers of that armed 
        force in a grade specified in subparagraph (G), two officers, 
        whichever number is greater''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(G) Notwithstanding subparagraph (E), during fiscal years 2013 
through 2017, the total number of brigadier generals and major generals 
of the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps, and the total number of rear 
admirals (lower half) and rear admirals of the Navy, for whom a 
reduction is made under this section during any fiscal year of service-
in-grade otherwise required under this paragraph may not exceed 10 
percent of the authorized active-duty strength for that fiscal year for 
officers of that armed force in those grades.''.
    SEC. 508. AIR FORCE CHIEF OF CHAPLAINS.
    (a) Establishment of Positions; Appointment.--Chapter 805 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new section:
``Sec. 8039. Chief of Chaplains: appointment; duties
    ``(a) Chief of Chaplains.--(1) There is a Chief of Chaplains in the 
Air Force, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate, from officers of the Air Force designated under 
section 8067(h) of this title as chaplains who--
        ``(A) are serving in the grade of colonel or above;
        ``(B) are serving on active duty; and
        ``(C) have served on active duty as a chaplain for at least 
    eight years.
    ``(2) An officer appointed as the Chief of Chaplains shall be 
appointed for a term of three years. However, the President may 
terminate or extend the appointment at any time.
    ``(3) The Chief of Chaplains shall perform such duties as may be 
prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force and by law.
    ``(b) Selection Board.--Under regulations approved by the Secretary 
of Defense, the Secretary of the Air Force, in selecting an officer for 
recommendation to the President for appointment as the Chief of 
Chaplains, shall ensure that the officer selected is recommended by a 
board of officers that, insofar as practicable, is subject to the 
procedures applicable to the selection boards convened under chapter 36 
of this title.
    ``(c) Grade.--An officer appointed as Chief of Chaplains who holds 
a lower regular grade may be appointed in the regular grade of major 
general.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``8039. Chief of Chaplains: appointment; duties.''.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

    SEC. 511. CODIFICATION OF STAFF ASSISTANT POSITIONS FOR JOINT STAFF 
      RELATED TO NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVE MATTERS.
    (a) Codification of Existing Positions.--Chapter 5 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 155 the 
following new section:
``Sec. 155a. Assistants to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
    for National Guard matters and Reserve matters
    ``(a) Establishment of Positions.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish the following positions within the Joint Staff:
        ``(1) Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
    for National Guard Matters.
        ``(2) Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
    for Reserve Matters.
    ``(b) Selection.--(1) The Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff for National Guard Matters shall be selected by the 
Chairman from officers of the Army National Guard of the United States 
or the Air Guard of the United States who--
        ``(A) are recommended for such selection by their respective 
    Governors or, in the case of the District of Columbia, the 
    commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard;
        ``(B) have had at least 10 years of federally recognized 
    commissioned service in the National Guard and significant joint 
    duty experience, as determined by the Chairman; and
        ``(C) are in a grade above the grade of colonel.
    ``(2) The Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
for Reserve Matters shall be selected by the Chairman from officers of 
the Army Reserve, the Navy Reserve, the Marine Corps Reserve, or the 
Air Force Reserve who--
        ``(A) are recommended for such selection by the Secretary of 
    the military department concerned;
        ``(B) have had at least 10 years of commissioned service in 
    their reserve component and significant joint duty experience, as 
    determined by the Chairman; and
        ``(C) are in a grade above the grade of colonel or, in the case 
    of the Navy Reserve, captain.
    ``(c) Term of Office.--Each Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff under subsection (a) serves at the pleasure of the 
Chairman for a term of two years and may be continued in that 
assignment in the same manner for one additional term. However, in time 
of war there is no limit on the number of terms.
    ``(d) Grade.--Each Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff under subsection (a), while so serving, holds the grade of major 
general or, in the case of the Navy Reserve, rear admiral. Each such 
officer shall be considered to be serving in a position covered by the 
limited exclusion from the authorized strength of general officers and 
flag officers on active duty provided by section 526(b) of this title.
    ``(e) Duties.--(1) The Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff for National Guard Matters is an adviser to the 
Chairman on matters relating to the National Guard and performs the 
duties prescribed for that position by the Chairman.
    ``(2) The Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
for Reserve Matters is an adviser to the Chairman on matters relating 
to the reserves and performs the duties prescribed for that position by 
the Chairman.
    ``(f) Other Reserve Component Representation on Joint Staff.--The 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff, shall develop appropriate policy guidance to ensure 
that, to the maximum extent practicable, the level of representation of 
reserve component officers on the Joint Staff is commensurate with the 
significant role of the reserve components within the armed forces.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item related to section 
155 the following new item:

``155a. Assistants to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for 
          National Guard matters and Reserve matters.''.

    (c) Repeal of Superseded Law.--Section 901 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 10 U.S.C. 
155 note) is repealed.
    SEC. 512. AUTOMATIC FEDERAL RECOGNITION OF PROMOTION OF CERTAIN 
      NATIONAL GUARD WARRANT OFFICERS.
    Section 310(a) of title 32, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Notwithstanding''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) Notwithstanding sections 307 and 309 of this title, if a 
warrant officer, W-1, of the National Guard is promoted to the grade of 
chief warrant officer, W-2, to fill a vacancy in a federally recognized 
unit in the National Guard, Federal recognition is automatically 
extended to that officer in the grade of chief warrant officer, W-2, 
effective as of the date on which that officer has completed the 
service in the grade prescribed by the Secretary concerned under 
section 12242 of title 10, if the warrant officer has remained in an 
active status since the warrant officer was so recommended.''.
    SEC. 513. AVAILABILITY OF TRANSITION ASSISTANCE ADVISORS TO ASSIST 
      MEMBERS OF RESERVE COMPONENTS WHO SERVE ON ACTIVE DUTY FOR MORE 
      THAN 180 CONSECUTIVE DAYS.
    (a) Transition Assistance Advisor Program Authorized.--The Chief of 
the National Guard Bureau may establish a program to provide 
professionals (to be known as Transition Assistance Advisors) in each 
State to serve as points of contact to assist eligible members of the 
reserve components in accessing benefits and health care furnished 
under laws administered by the Secretary of Defense and benefits and 
health care furnished under laws administered by the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs.
    (b) Eligible Members.--To be eligible for assistance under this 
section, a member of a reserve component must have served on active 
duty in the Armed Forces for a period of more than 180 consecutive 
days.
    (c) Duties.--The duties of a Transition Assistance Advisor include 
the following:
        (1) To assist with the creation and execution of an individual 
    transition plan for an eligible member of a reserve component and 
    dependents of the member for the reintegration of the member into 
    civilian life.
        (2) To provide employment support services to the member and 
    dependents of the member, including assistance with finding 
    employment opportunities and identifying and obtaining assistance 
    from programs within and outside of the Federal Government.
        (3) To provide information on relocation, health care, mental 
    health care, and financial support services available to the member 
    and dependents of the member from the Department of Defense, the 
    Department of Veterans Affairs, and other Federal, State, and local 
    agencies.
        (4) To provide information on educational support services 
    available to the member, including Post-9/11 Educational Assistance 
    under chapter 33 of title 38, United States Code.
    (d) Transition Plans.--The individual transition plan referred to 
in subsection (c)(1) created for an eligible member of a reserve 
component shall include at a minimum the following:
        (1) A plan for the transition of the member to civilian life, 
    including with respect to employment, education, and health care.
        (2) A description of the transition services that the member 
    and dependents of the member will need to achieve their transition 
    objectives, including information on any forms that the member will 
    need to fill out to be eligible for such services.
        (3) A point of contact for each agency or entity that can 
    provide the transition services described in paragraph (2).
        (4) Such other information determined to be essential for the 
    transition of the member, as determined by the Chief of the 
    National Guard Bureau in consultation with the Secretary of Defense 
    and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    (e) Funding.--Funding for Transition Assistance Advisors for a 
fiscal year shall be derived from amounts authorized to be appropriated 
for operation and maintenance for the National Guard for that fiscal 
year.
    (f) State Defined.--In this section, the term ``State'' means each 
of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, 
and any territory of the United States.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

    SEC. 518. AUTHORITY FOR ADDITIONAL BEHAVIORAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS 
      TO CONDUCT PRE-SEPARATION MEDICAL EXAMS FOR POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS 
      DISORDER.
    Section 1177(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or psychiatrist'' and 
    inserting ``psychiatrist, licensed clinical social worker, or 
    psychiatric advanced practice registered nurse''; and
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or psychiatrist'' and 
    inserting ``, psychiatrist, licensed clinical social worker, or 
    psychiatric advanced practice registered nurse''.
    SEC. 519. DIVERSITY IN THE ARMED FORCES AND RELATED REPORTING 
      REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Plan to Achieve Military Leadership Reflecting Diversity of 
United States Population.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 37 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 656. Diversity in military leadership: plan
    ``(a) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense (and the Secretary of 
Homeland Security in the case of the Coast Guard when it is not 
operating as a service in the Department of the Navy) shall develop and 
implement a plan to accurately measure the efforts of the Department of 
Defense and the Coast Guard to achieve a dynamic, sustainable level of 
members of the armed forces (including reserve components) that, among 
both commissioned officers and senior enlisted personnel of each armed 
force, will reflect the diverse population of the United States 
eligible to serve in the armed forces, including gender specific, 
racial, and ethnic populations. Any metric established pursuant to this 
subsection may not be used in a manner that undermines the merit-based 
processes of the Department of Defense and the Coast Guard, including 
such processes for accession, retention, and promotion. Such metrics 
may not be combined with the identification of specific quotas based 
upon diversity characteristics. The Secretary concerned shall continue 
to account for diversified language and cultural skills among the total 
force of the armed forces.
    ``(b) Metrics to Measure Progress in Developing and Implementing 
Plan.--In developing and implementing the plan under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
develop a standard set of metrics and collection procedures that are 
uniform across the armed forces. The metrics required by this 
subsection shall be designed--
        ``(1) to accurately capture the inclusion and capability 
    aspects of the armed forces' broader diversity plans, including 
    race, ethnic, and gender specific groups, as potential factors of 
    force readiness that would supplement continued accounting by the 
    Department of Defense and the Coast Guard of diversified language 
    and cultural skills among the total force as part of the assessment 
    of current and future national security needs; and
        ``(2) to be verifiable and systematically linked to strategic 
    plans that will drive improvements.
    ``(c) Definition of Diversity.--In developing and implementing the 
plan under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary 
of Homeland Security shall develop a uniform definition of diversity.
    ``(d) Consultation.--Not less than annually, the Secretary of 
Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall meet with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the 
Commandant of the Coast Guard, and senior enlisted members of the armed 
forces to discuss the progress being made toward developing and 
implementing the plan established under subsection (a).
    ``(e) Cooperation With States.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
coordinate with the National Guard Bureau and States in tracking the 
progress of the National Guard toward developing and implementing the 
plan established under subsection (a).''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    item:

``656. Diversity in military leadership: plan.''.

    (b) Inclusion in DOD Manpower Requirements Report.--Section 115a of 
such title is amended by inserting after subsection (f) the following 
new subsection:
    ``(g) In each report submitted under subsection (a) during fiscal 
years 2013 through 2017, the Secretary shall also include a detailed 
discussion of the following:
        ``(1) The progress made in implementing the plan required by 
    section 656 of this title to accurately measure the efforts of the 
    Department to reflect the diverse population of the United States 
    eligible to serve in the armed forces.
        ``(2) The number of members of the armed forces, including 
    reserve components, listed by gender and race or ethnicity for each 
    rank under each military department.
        ``(3) The number of members of the armed forces, including 
    reserve components, who were promoted during the year covered by 
    the report, listed by gender and race or ethnicity for each rank 
    under each military department.
        ``(4) The number of members of the armed forces, including 
    reserve components, who reenlisted or otherwise extended the 
    commitment to military service during the year covered by the 
    report, listed by gender and race or ethnicity for each rank under 
    each military department.
        ``(5) The available pool of qualified candidates for the 
    general officer grades of general and lieutenant general and the 
    flag officer grades of admiral and vice admiral.''.
    (c) Coast Guard Report.--
        (1) Annual report required.--The Secretary of Homeland Security 
    (or the Secretary of the Navy in the event the Coast Guard is 
    operating as a service in the Department of the Navy) shall prepare 
    an annual report addressing diversity among commissioned officers 
    of the Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve and among enlisted 
    personnel of the Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve. The report 
    shall include--
            (A) an assessment of the available pool of qualified 
        candidates for the flag officer grades of admiral and vice 
        admiral;
            (B) the number of such officers and personnel, listed by 
        gender and race or ethnicity for each rank;
            (C) the number of such officers and personnel who were 
        promoted during the year covered by the report, listed by 
        gender and race or ethnicity for each rank; and
            (D) the number of such officers and personnel who 
        reenlisted or otherwise extended the commitment to the Coast 
        Guard during the year covered by the report, listed by gender 
        and race or ethnicity for each rank.
        (2) Submission.--The report under paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted during each of fiscal years 2013 through 2017 not later 
    than 45 days after the date on which the President submits to 
    Congress the budget for the next fiscal year under section 1105 of 
    title 31, United States Code. Each report shall be submitted to the 
    Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Transportation and 
    Infrastructure, and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House 
    of Representatives, and the Committee on Armed Services and the 
    Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.
    SEC. 520. LIMITATION ON REDUCTION IN NUMBER OF MILITARY AND 
      CIVILIAN PERSONNEL ASSIGNED TO DUTY WITH SERVICE REVIEW AGENCIES.
    Section 1559(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2013'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016''.
    SEC. 521. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY INCREASE IN ACCUMULATED LEAVE 
      CARRYOVER FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    Section 701(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2013'' and inserting ``September 30, 2015''.
    SEC. 522. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT PROGRAMS ON CAREER 
      FLEXIBILITY TO ENHANCE RETENTION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Extension of Programs to Certain Active Guard and Reserve 
Personnel.--Section 533 of Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting ``and members on active 
    Guard and Reserve duty'' after ``officers and enlisted members of 
    the regular components'';
        (2) by redesignating subsection (l) as subsection (m); and
        (3) by inserting after subsection (k) the following new 
    subsection (l):
    ``(l) Definition.--In this section, the term `active Guard and 
Reserve duty' has the meaning given that term in section 101(d)(6) of 
title 10, United States Code.''.
    (b) Authority To Carry Forward Unused Accrued Leave.--Subsection 
(h) of such section is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(5) Leave.--A member who participates in a pilot program is 
    entitled to carry forward the leave balance existing as of the day 
    on which the member begins participation and accumulated in 
    accordance with section 701 of title 10, United States Code, but 
    not to exceed 60 days.''.
    (c) Authority for Disability Processing.--Subsection (j) of such 
section is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Medical and Dental 
    Care'' and inserting ``Continued Entitlements'';
        (2) by striking ``for purposes of the entitlement'' and 
    inserting ``for purposes of--
        ``(1) the entitlement'';
        (3) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; and''; 
    and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(2) retirement or separation for physical disability under 
    the provisions of chapters 55 and 61 of title 10, United States 
    Code.''.
    SEC. 523. PROHIBITION ON WAIVER FOR COMMISSIONING OR ENLISTMENT IN 
      THE ARMED FORCES FOR ANY INDIVIDUAL CONVICTED OF A FELONY SEXUAL 
      OFFENSE.
    An individual may not be provided a waiver for commissioning or 
enlistment in the Armed Forces if the individual has been convicted 
under Federal or State law of a felony offense of any of the following:
        (1) Rape.
        (2) Sexual abuse.
        (3) Sexual assault.
        (4) Incest.
        (5) Any other sexual offense.
    SEC. 524. QUALITY REVIEW OF MEDICAL EVALUATION BOARDS, PHYSICAL 
      EVALUATION BOARDS, AND PHYSICAL EVALUATION BOARD LIAISON 
      OFFICERS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall standardize, 
assess, and monitor the quality assurance programs of the military 
departments to evaluate the following in the performance of their 
duties (including duties under chapter 61 of title 10, United States 
Code):
        (1) Medical Evaluation Boards.
        (2) Physical Evaluation Boards.
        (3) Physical Evaluation Board Liaison Officers.
    (b) Objectives.--The objectives of the quality assurance program 
shall be as follows:
        (1) To ensure accuracy and consistency in the determinations 
    and decisions of Medical Evaluation Boards and Physical Evaluation 
    Boards.
        (2) To otherwise monitor and sustain proper performance of the 
    duties of Medical Evaluation Boards and Physical Evaluation Boards, 
    and of Physical Evaluation Board Liaison Officers.
        (3) Such other objectives as the Secretary shall specify for 
    purposes of the quality assurance program.
    (c) Reports.--
        (1) Report on implementation.--Not later than 180 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
    to the appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth 
    the plan of the Secretary for the implementation of the 
    requirements of this section.
        (2) Annual reports.--Not later than one year after the date of 
    the submittal of the report required by paragraph (1), and annually 
    thereafter for the next four years, the Secretary shall submit to 
    the appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth an 
    assessment of the implementation of the requirements of this 
    section during the one-year period ending on the date of the report 
    under this paragraph. Each report shall include, in particular, an 
    assessment of the extent to which the quality assurance program 
    under the requirements of this section meets the objectives 
    specified in subsection (b).
        (3) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
    subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Veterans' Affairs of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives.
    SEC. 525. REPORTS ON INVOLUNTARY SEPARATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES.
    (a) Periodic Reports Required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
end of each half-year period during calendar years 2013 and 2014, the 
Secretary of each military department shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the number of members of the regular components of the Armed Forces 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary who were involuntarily 
separated from active duty in the Armed Forces (for reasons other than 
for cause) to meet force reduction requirements during the six-month 
period covered by the report.
    (b) Elements.--Each report on an Armed Force under subsection (a) 
shall set forth the following for the period covered by the report:
        (1) The total number members of that Armed Force involuntarily 
    separated from active duty in the Armed Forces (for reasons other 
    than for cause) to meet force reduction requirements.
        (2) The number of members covered by paragraph (1) separately 
    set forth by grade, by total years of service in the Armed Forces 
    at the time of separation, and by military occupational specialty 
    or rating (or competitive category in the case of officers).
        (3) The number of members covered by paragraph (1) who received 
    involuntary separation pay, or who are authorized to receive 
    temporary retired pay, in connection with the separation.
        (4) The number of members covered by paragraph (1) who 
    completed transition assistance programs relating to future 
    employment.
        (5) The average number of months members covered by paragraph 
    (1) were deployed to overseas contingency operations, separately 
    set forth by grade.
    SEC. 526. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF DEVELOPING GENDER-NEUTRAL 
      OCCUPATIONAL STANDARDS FOR MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTIES 
      CURRENTLY CLOSED TO WOMEN.
    Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report evaluating the feasibility of incorporating gender-
neutral occupational standards for military occupational specialties 
closed, as of the date of the enactment of this Act, to female members 
of the Armed Forces.
    SEC. 527. REPORT ON EDUCATION AND TRAINING AND PROMOTION RATES FOR 
      PILOTS OF REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of 
Staff of the Air Force shall jointly submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on education and training and promotion 
rates for Air Force pilots of remotely piloted aircraft (RPA).
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) A detailed analysis of the reasons for persistently lower 
    average education and training and promotion rates for Air Force 
    pilots of remotely piloted aircraft.
        (2) An assessment of the long-term impact on the Air Force of 
    the sustainment of such lower rates.
        (3) A plan to raise such rates, including--
            (A) a description of the near-term and longer-term actions 
        the Air Force intends to undertake to implement the plan; and
            (B) an analysis of the potential direct and indirect 
        impacts of the plan on the achievement and sustainment of the 
        combat air patrol objectives of the Air Force for remotely 
        piloted aircraft.
    SEC. 528. IMPACT OF NUMBERS OF MEMBERS WITHIN THE INTEGRATED 
      DISABILITY EVALUATION SYSTEM ON READINESS OF ARMED FORCES TO MEET 
      MISSION REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Annual Impact Statement.--In the materials submitted to 
Congress in support of the budget for the Department of Defense for 
each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, the Secretary of each military 
department shall include a statement concerning the extent to which the 
number of members of an Armed Force under the jurisdiction of the 
Secretary who are within the Integrated Disability Evaluation System 
impacts--
        (1) the readiness of that Armed Force to meet on-going mission 
    requirements; and
        (2) dwell time for other members of that Armed Force.
    (b) Response Plan.--If the statement of the Secretary of a military 
department under subsection (a) for a fiscal year concludes that an 
adverse impact on readiness or dwell time of an Armed Force is 
occurring, the Secretary shall include with the budget materials a plan 
describing how the Armed Force will mitigate the impact.

             Subtitle D--Military Justice and Legal Matters

    SEC. 531. CLARIFICATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF THE ROLE OF STAFF JUDGE 
      ADVOCATE TO THE COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS.
    (a) Appointment by the President and Permanent Appointment to Grade 
of Major General.--Subsection (a) of section 5046 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``detailed'' and 
    inserting ``appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
    consent of the Senate,''; and
        (2) by striking the second sentence and inserting the following 
    new sentence: ``If the officer to be appointed as the Staff Judge 
    Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps holds a grade lower 
    than the grade of major general immediately before the appointment, 
    the officer shall be appointed in the grade of major general.''.
    (b) Duties, Authority, and Accountability.--Such section is further 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) The Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine 
Corps, under the direction of the Commandant of the Marine Corps and 
the Secretary of the Navy, shall--
        ``(1) perform such duties relating to legal matters arising in 
    the Marine Corps as may be assigned to the Staff Judge Advocate;
        ``(2) perform the functions and duties, and exercise the 
    powers, prescribed for the Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant 
    of the Marine Corps in chapter 47 (the Uniform Code of Military 
    Justice) and chapter 53 of this title; and
        ``(3) perform such other duties as may be assigned to the Staff 
    Judge Advocate.''.
    (c) Composition of Headquarters, Marine Corps.--Section 5041(b) of 
such title is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (5) 
    and (6), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
    paragraph (4):
        ``(4) The Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine 
    Corps.''.
    (d) Supervision of Certain Legal Services.--
        (1) Administration of military justice.--Section 806(a) of such 
    title (article 6(a) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) is 
    amended in the third sentence by striking ``The Judge Advocate 
    General'' and all that follows through ``shall'' and inserting 
    ``The Judge Advocates General, and within the Marine Corps the 
    Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps, or 
    senior members of their staffs, shall''.
        (2) Delivery of legal assistance.--Section 1044(b) of such 
    title is amended by inserting ``, and within the Marine Corps the 
    Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps,'' after 
    ``jurisdiction of the Secretary''.
    SEC. 532. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IN REPORTS ON ANNUAL SURVEYS OF 
      THE COMMITTEE ON THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.
    Subsection (c)(2) of section 946 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 146 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C); and
        (2) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
    subparagraph (B):
        ``(B) Information from the Judge Advocates General and the 
    Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps on the 
    following:
            ``(i) The appellate review process, including--
                ``(I) information on compliance with processing time 
            goals;
                ``(II) discussions of the circumstances surrounding 
            cases in which general court-martial or special court-
            martial convictions are reversed as a result of command 
            influence or denial of the right to a speedy review or 
            otherwise remitted due to loss of records of trial or other 
            administrative deficiencies; and
                ``(III) discussions of cases in which a provision of 
            this chapter is held unconstitutional.
            ``(ii) Measures implemented by each armed force to ensure 
        the ability of judge advocates to competently participate as 
        trial and defense counsel in, and preside as military judges 
        over, capital cases, national security cases, sexual assault 
        cases, and proceedings of military commissions.
            ``(iii) The independent views of the Judge Advocates 
        General and the Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the 
        Marine Corps on the sufficiency of resources available within 
        their respective armed forces, including total workforce, 
        funding, training, and officer and enlisted grade structure, to 
        capably perform military justice functions.''.
    SEC. 533. PROTECTION OF RIGHTS OF CONSCIENCE OF MEMBERS OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES AND CHAPLAINS OF SUCH MEMBERS.
    (a) Protection of Rights of Conscience.--
        (1) Accommodation.--The Armed Forces shall accommodate the 
    beliefs of a member of the armed forces reflecting the conscience, 
    moral principles, or religious beliefs of the member and, in so far 
    as practicable, may not use such beliefs as the basis of any 
    adverse personnel action, discrimination, or denial of promotion, 
    schooling, training, or assignment.
        (2) Disciplinary or administrative action.--Nothing in 
    paragraph (1) precludes disciplinary or administrative action for 
    conduct that is proscribed by chapter 47 of title 10, United States 
    Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), including actions and 
    speech that threaten good order and discipline.
    (b) Protection of Chaplain Decisions Relating to Conscience, Moral 
Principles, or Religious Beliefs.--No member of the Armed Forces may--
        (1) require a chaplain to perform any rite, ritual, or ceremony 
    that is contrary to the conscience, moral principles, or religious 
    beliefs of the chaplain; or
        (2) discriminate or take any adverse personnel action against a 
    chaplain, including denial of promotion, schooling, training, or 
    assignment, on the basis of the refusal by the chaplain to comply 
    with a requirement prohibited by paragraph (1).
    (c) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue regulations 
implementing the protections afforded by this section.
    SEC. 534. REPORTS ON HAZING IN THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, each Secretary of a military department (and 
the Secretary of Homeland Security in the case of the Coast Guard) 
shall submit to the congressional committees specified in subsection 
(c) a report on hazing in each Armed Force under the jurisdiction of 
the Secretary.
    (b) Elements.--The report on an Armed Force required by subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
        (1) An evaluation of the definition of hazing contained in the 
    Secretary of Defense Policy Memorandum dated August 28, 1997.
        (2) A discussion of the policies of the Armed Force for 
    preventing and responding to incidents of hazing.
        (3) A description of the methods implemented to track and 
    report, including report anonymously, incidents of hazing in the 
    Armed Force.
        (4) An assessment by the Secretary submitting the report of the 
    following:
            (A) The scope of the problem of hazing in the Armed Force.
            (B) The training on recognizing and preventing hazing 
        provided members of the Armed Force.
            (C) The actions taken to prevent and respond to hazing 
        incidents in the Armed Force.
            (D) The extent to which the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice specifically addresses the prosecution of persons 
        subject to the Code who are alleged to have committed hazing.
            (E) The feasibility of establishing a database to track, 
        respond to, and resolve incidents of hazing.
        (5) A description of the additional actions, if any, the 
    Secretary submitting the report proposes to take to further address 
    the incidence of hazing in the Armed Force.
        (6) Any recommended changes to the Uniform Code of Military 
    Justice or the Manual for Courts-Martial to improve the prosecution 
    of persons alleged to have committed hazing in the Armed Forces.
    (c) Submission of Reports.--The reports required by subsection (a) 
shall be submitted--
        (1) to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; and
        (2) to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives.

      Subtitle E--Member Education and Training Opportunities and 
                             Administration

    SEC. 541. TRANSFER OF TROOPS-TO-TEACHERS PROGRAM FROM DEPARTMENT OF 
      EDUCATION TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND ENHANCEMENTS TO THE 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Transfer of Functions.--
        (1) Transfer.--The responsibility and authority for operation 
    and administration of the Troops-to-Teachers Program in chapter A 
    of subpart 1 of part C of title II of the Elementary and Secondary 
    Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6671 et seq.) is transferred from 
    the Secretary of Education to the Secretary of Defense.
        (2) Memorandum of agreement.--In connection with the transfer 
    of responsibility and authority for operation and administration of 
    the Troops-to-Teachers Program from the Secretary of Education to 
    the Secretary of Defense under paragraph (1), the Secretaries shall 
    enter into a memorandum of agreement pursuant to which the 
    Secretary of Education will undertake the following:
            (A) Disseminate information about the Troops-to-Teachers 
        Program to eligible schools (as defined in subsection (a) of 
        section 1154 of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (b)).
            (B) Advise the Department of Defense on how to prepare 
        eligible members of the Armed Forces described in subsection 
        (d) of such section 1154 to become participants in the Program, 
        to meet the requirements necessary to become a teacher in a 
        school described in subsection (b)(2) of such section 1154, and 
        to find post-service employment in an eligible school.
            (C) Advise the Department of Defense on how to identify 
        teacher preparation programs for participants in the Program.
            (D) Inform the Department of Defense of academic subject 
        areas with critical teacher shortages.
            (E) Identify geographic areas with critical teacher 
        shortages, especially in high-need schools (as defined in 
        subsection (a) of such section 1154).
        (3) Effective date.--The transfer of responsibility and 
    authority for operation and administration of the Troops-to-
    Teachers Program under paragraph (1) shall take effect--
            (A) on the first day of the first month beginning more than 
        90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act; or
            (B) on such earlier date as the Secretary of Education and 
        the Secretary of Defense may jointly provide.
    (b) Enactment of Program Authority in Title 10, United States 
Code.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 58 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1154. Assistance to eligible members and former members to 
    obtain employment as teachers: Troops-to-Teachers Program
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Charter school.--The term `charter school' has the 
    meaning given that term in section 5210(1) of the Elementary and 
    Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7221i(1)).
        ``(2) Eligible school.--The term `eligible school' means--
            ``(A) a public school, including a charter school, at 
        which--
                ``(i) at least 30 percent of the students enrolled in 
            the school are from families with incomes below 185 percent 
            of poverty level (as defined by the Office of Management 
            and Budget and revised at least annually in accordance with 
            section 9(b)(1) of the Richard B. Russell National School 
            Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1758(b)(1)) applicable to a family of 
            the size involved; or
                ``(ii) at least 13 percent of the students enrolled in 
            the school qualify for assistance under part B of the 
            Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C.1411 
            et seq.); or
            ``(B) a Bureau-funded school as defined in section 1141(3) 
        of the Education Amendments of 1978 (25 U.S.C. 2021(3)).
        ``(3) High-need school.--The term `high-need school' means--
            ``(A) an elementary or middle school in which at least 50 
        percent of the enrolled students are children from low-income 
        families, based on the number of children eligible for free and 
        reduced priced lunches under the Richard B. Russell National 
        School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.), the number of 
        children in families receiving assistance under the State 
        program funded under part A of title IV of the Social Security 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), the number of children eligible to 
        receive medical assistance under the Medicaid program, or a 
        composite of these indicators;
            ``(B) a high school in which at least 40 percent of 
        enrolled students are children from low-income families, which 
        may be calculated using comparable data from feeder schools; or
            ``(C) a school that is in a local educational agency that 
        is eligible under section 6211(b) of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7345(b)).
        ``(4) Member of the armed forces.--The term `member of the 
    armed forces' includes a retired or former member of the armed 
    forces.
        ``(5) Participant.--The term `participant' means an eligible 
    member of the armed forces selected to participate in the Program.
        ``(6) Program.--The term `Program' means the Troops-to-Teachers 
    Program authorized by this section.
        ``(7) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of 
    Defense.
        ``(8) Additional terms.--The terms `elementary school', `local 
    educational agency', `secondary school', and `State' have the 
    meanings given those terms in section 9101 of the Elementary and 
    Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
    ``(b) Program Authorization.--The Secretary of Defense may carry 
out a Troops-to-Teachers Program--
        ``(1) to assist eligible members of the armed forces described 
    in subsection (d) to meet the requirements necessary to become a 
    teacher in a school described in paragraph (2); and
        ``(2) to facilitate the employment of such members--
            ``(A) by local educational agencies or charter schools that 
        the Secretary of Education identifies as--
                ``(i) receiving grants under part A of title I of the 
            Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
            6301 et seq.) as a result of having within their 
            jurisdictions concentrations of children from low-income 
            families; or
                ``(ii) experiencing a shortage of teachers, in 
            particular a shortage of science, mathematics, special 
            education, foreign language, or career or technical 
            teachers; and
            ``(B) in elementary schools or secondary schools, or as 
        career or technical teachers.
    ``(c) Counseling and Referral Services.--The Secretary may provide 
counseling and referral services to members of the armed forces who do 
not meet the eligibility criteria described in subsection (d), 
including the education qualification requirements under paragraph 
(3)(B) of such subsection.
    ``(d) Eligibility and Application Process.--
        ``(1) Eligible members.--The following members of the armed 
    forces are eligible for selection to participate in the Program:
            ``(A) Any member who--
                ``(i) on or after October 1, 1999, becomes entitled to 
            retired or retainer pay under this title or title 14;
                ``(ii) has an approved date of retirement that is 
            within one year after the date on which the member submits 
            an application to participate in the Program; or
                ``(iii) has been transferred to the Retired Reserve.
            ``(B) Any member who, on or after January 8, 2002--
                ``(i)(I) is separated or released from active duty 
            after four or more years of continuous active duty 
            immediately before the separation or release; or
                ``(II) has completed a total of at least six years of 
            active duty service, six years of service computed under 
            section 12732 of this title, or six years of any 
            combination of such service; and
                ``(ii) executes a reserve commitment agreement for a 
            period of not less than three years under paragraph (5)(B).
            ``(C) Any member who, on or after January 8, 2002, is 
        retired or separated for physical disability under chapter 61 
        of this title.
        ``(2) Submission of applications.--(A) Selection of eligible 
    members of the armed forces to participate in the Program shall be 
    made on the basis of applications submitted to the Secretary within 
    the time periods specified in subparagraph (B). An application 
    shall be in such form and contain such information as the Secretary 
    may require.
        ``(B) In the case of an eligible member of the armed forces 
    described in subparagraph (A)(i), (B), or (C) of paragraph (1), an 
    application shall be considered to be submitted on a timely basis 
    if the application is submitted not later than three years after 
    the date on which the member is retired, separated, or released 
    from active duty, whichever applies to the member.
        ``(3) Selection criteria; educational background requirements; 
    honorable service requirement.--(A) The Secretary shall prescribe 
    the criteria to be used to select eligible members of the armed 
    forces to participate in the Program.
        ``(B) If a member of the armed forces is applying for the 
    Program to receive assistance for placement as an elementary school 
    or secondary school teacher, the Secretary shall require the member 
    to have received a baccalaureate or advanced degree from an 
    accredited institution of higher education.
        ``(C) If a member of the armed forces is applying for the 
    Program to receive assistance for placement as a career or 
    technical teacher, the Secretary shall require the member--
            ``(i) to have received the equivalent of one year of 
        college from an accredited institution of higher education or 
        the equivalent in military education and training as certified 
        by the Department of Defense; or
            ``(ii) to otherwise meet the certification or licensing 
        requirements for a career or technical teacher in the State in 
        which the member seeks assistance for placement under the 
        Program.
        ``(D) A member of the armed forces is eligible to participate 
    in the Program only if the member's last period of service in the 
    armed forces was honorable, as characterized by the Secretary 
    concerned. A member selected to participate in the Program before 
    the retirement of the member or the separation or release of the 
    member from active duty may continue to participate in the Program 
    after the retirement, separation, or release only if the member's 
    last period of service is characterized as honorable by the 
    Secretary concerned.
        ``(4) Selection priorities.--In selecting eligible members of 
    the armed forces to receive assistance under the Program, the 
    Secretary--
            ``(A) shall give priority to members who--
                ``(i) have educational or military experience in 
            science, mathematics, special education, foreign language, 
            or career or technical subjects; and
                ``(ii) agree to seek employment as science, 
            mathematics, foreign language, or special education 
            teachers in elementary schools or secondary schools or in 
            other schools under the jurisdiction of a local educational 
            agency; and
            ``(B) may give priority to members who agree to seek 
        employment in a high-need school.
        ``(5) Other conditions on selection.--(A) Subject to subsection 
    (i), the Secretary may not select an eligible member of the armed 
    forces to participate in the Program and receive financial 
    assistance unless the Secretary has sufficient appropriations for 
    the Program available at the time of the selection to satisfy the 
    obligations to be incurred by the United States under subsection 
    (e) with respect to the member.
        ``(B) The Secretary may not select an eligible member of the 
    armed forces described in paragraph (1)(B)(i) to participate in the 
    Program and receive financial assistance under subsection (e) 
    unless the member executes a written agreement to serve as a member 
    of the Selected Reserve of a reserve component of the armed forces 
    for a period of not less than three years.
    ``(e) Participation Agreement and Financial Assistance.--
        ``(1) Participation agreement.--(A) An eligible member of the 
    armed forces selected to participate in the Program under 
    subsection (b) and to receive financial assistance under this 
    subsection shall be required to enter into an agreement with the 
    Secretary in which the member agrees--
            ``(i) within such time as the Secretary may require, to 
        meet the requirements necessary to become a teacher in a school 
        described in subsection (b)(2); and
            ``(ii) to accept an offer of full-time employment as an 
        elementary school teacher, secondary school teacher, or career 
        or technical teacher for not less than three school years in an 
        eligible school to begin the school year after obtaining that 
        certification or licensing.
        ``(B) The Secretary may waive the three-year commitment 
    described in subparagraph (A)(ii) for a participant if the 
    Secretary determines such waiver to be appropriate. If the 
    Secretary provides the waiver, the participant shall not be 
    considered to be in violation of the agreement and shall not be 
    required to provide reimbursement under subsection (f), for failure 
    to meet the three-year commitment.
        ``(2) Violation of participation agreement; exceptions.--A 
    participant shall not be considered to be in violation of the 
    participation agreement entered into under paragraph (1) during any 
    period in which the participant--
            ``(A) is pursuing a full-time course of study related to 
        the field of teaching at an institution of higher education;
            ``(B) is serving on active duty as a member of the armed 
        forces;
            ``(C) is temporarily totally disabled for a period of time 
        not to exceed three years as established by sworn affidavit of 
        a qualified physician;
            ``(D) is unable to secure employment for a period not to 
        exceed 12 months by reason of the care required by a spouse who 
        is disabled;
            ``(E) is unable to find full-time employment as a teacher 
        in an eligible elementary school or secondary school or as a 
        career or technical teacher for a single period not to exceed 
        27 months; or
            ``(F) satisfies the provisions of additional reimbursement 
        exceptions that may be prescribed by the Secretary.
        ``(3) Stipend and bonus for participants.--(A) Subject to 
    subparagraph (C), the Secretary may pay to a participant a stipend 
    to cover expenses incurred by the participant to obtain the 
    required educational level, certification, or licensing. Such 
    stipend may not exceed $5,000 and may vary by participant.
        ``(B)(i) Subject to subparagraph (C), the Secretary may pay a 
    bonus to a participant who agrees in the participation agreement 
    under paragraph (1) to accept full-time employment as an elementary 
    school teacher, secondary school teacher, or career or technical 
    teacher for not less than three school years in an eligible school.
        ``(ii) The amount of the bonus may not exceed $5,000, unless 
    the eligible school is a high-need school, in which case the amount 
    of the bonus may not exceed $10,000. Within such limits, the bonus 
    may vary by participant and may take into account the priority 
    placements as determined by the Secretary.
        ``(C)(i) The total number of stipends that may be paid under 
    subparagraph (A) in any fiscal year may not exceed 5,000.
        ``(ii) The total number of bonuses that may be paid under 
    subparagraph (B) in any fiscal year may not exceed 3,000.
        ``(iii) A participant may not receive a stipend under 
    subparagraph (A) if the participant is eligible for benefits under 
    chapter 33 of title 38.
        ``(iv) The combination of a stipend under subparagraph (A) and 
    a bonus under subparagraph (B) for any one participant may not 
    exceed $10,000.
        ``(4) Treatment of stipend and bonus.--A stipend or bonus paid 
    under this subsection to a participant shall be taken into account 
    in determining the eligibility of the participant for Federal 
    student financial assistance provided under title IV of the Higher 
    Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq.).
    ``(f) Reimbursement Under Certain Circumstances.--
        ``(1) Reimbursement required.--A participant who is paid a 
    stipend or bonus under this subsection shall be subject to the 
    repayment provisions of section 373 of title 37 under the following 
    circumstances:
            ``(A) The participant fails to meet the requirements 
        necessary to become a teacher in a school described in 
        subsection (b)(2) or to obtain employment as an elementary 
        school teacher, secondary school teacher, or career or 
        technical teacher as required by the participation agreement 
        under subsection (e)(1).
            ``(B) The participant voluntarily leaves, or is terminated 
        for cause from, employment as an elementary school teacher, 
        secondary school teacher, or career or technical teacher during 
        the three years of required service in violation of the 
        participation agreement.
            ``(C) The participant executed a written agreement with the 
        Secretary concerned under subsection (d)(5)(B) to serve as a 
        member of a reserve component of the armed forces for a period 
        of three years and fails to complete the required term of 
        service.
        ``(2) Amount of reimbursement.--A participant required to 
    reimburse the Secretary for a stipend or bonus paid to the 
    participant under subsection (e) shall pay an amount that bears the 
    same ratio to the amount of the stipend or bonus as the unserved 
    portion of required service bears to the three years of required 
    service.
        ``(3) Interest.--Any amount owed by a participant under this 
    subsection shall bear interest at the rate equal to the highest 
    rate being paid by the United States on the day on which the 
    reimbursement is determined to be due for securities having 
    maturities of 90 days or less and shall accrue from the day on 
    which the participant is first notified of the amount due.
        ``(4) Exceptions to reimbursement requirement.--A participant 
    shall be excused from reimbursement under this subsection if the 
    participant becomes permanently totally disabled as established by 
    sworn affidavit of a qualified physician. The Secretary may also 
    waive the reimbursement in cases of extreme hardship to the 
    participant, as determined by the Secretary.
    ``(g) Relationship to Educational Assistance Under Montgomery GI 
Bill.--Except as provided in subsection (e)(3)(C)(iii), the receipt by 
a participant of a stipend or bonus under subsection (e) shall not 
reduce or otherwise affect the entitlement of the participant to any 
benefits under chapter 30 or 33 of title 38 or chapter 1606 of this 
title.
    ``(h) Participation by States.--
        ``(1) Discharge of state activities through consortia of 
    states.--The Secretary may permit States participating in the 
    Program to carry out activities authorized for such States under 
    the Program through one or more consortia of such States.
        ``(2) Assistance to states.--(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), 
    the Secretary may make grants to States participating in the 
    Program, or to consortia of such States, in order to permit such 
    States or consortia of States to operate offices for purposes of 
    recruiting eligible members of the armed forces for participation 
    in the Program and facilitating the employment of participants as 
    elementary school teachers, secondary school teachers, and career 
    or technical teachers.
        ``(B) The total amount of grants made under subparagraph (A) in 
    any fiscal year may not exceed $5,000,000.
    ``(i) Limitation on Total Fiscal-year Obligations.--The total 
amount obligated by the Secretary under the Program for any fiscal year 
may not exceed $15,000,000.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    item:

``1154. Assistance to eligible members and former members to obtain 
          employment as teachers: Troops-to-Teachers Program.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1142(b)(4)(C) of such title is 
amended by striking ``under section 2302'' and all that follows through 
``6672)''.
    (d) Termination of Department of Education Troops-to-Teachers 
Program.--
        (1) Termination.--Subject to paragraph (3), chapter A of 
    subpart 1 of part C of title II of the Elementary and Secondary 
    Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6671 et seq.) is repealed.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 2 of 
    the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 is amended by 
    striking the items relating to chapter A of subpart 1 of part C of 
    title II of such Act.
        (3) Existing agreements.--The repeal of chapter A of subpart 1 
    of part C of title II of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
    of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6671 et seq.) by paragraph (1) shall not 
    affect--
            (A) the validity or terms of any agreement entered into 
        under such chapter, as in effect immediately before such 
        repeal, before the effective date of the transfer of the 
        Troops-to-Teachers Program under subsection (a); or
            (B) the authority to pay assistance, make grants, or obtain 
        reimbursement in connection with such an agreement as in effect 
        before the effective date of the transfer of the Troops-to-
        Teachers Program under subsection (a).
    SEC. 542. SUPPORT OF NAVAL ACADEMY ATHLETIC AND PHYSICAL FITNESS 
      PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 603 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 6981. Support of athletic and physical fitness programs
    ``(a) Authority.--
        ``(1) Contracts and cooperative agreements.--The Secretary of 
    the Navy may enter into contracts and cooperative agreements with 
    the Naval Academy Athletic Association for the purpose of 
    supporting the athletic and physical fitness programs of the Naval 
    Academy. Notwithstanding section 2304(k) of this title, the 
    Secretary may enter such contracts or cooperative agreements on a 
    sole source basis pursuant to section 2304(c)(5) of this title. 
    Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, a cooperative agreement 
    under this section may be used to acquire property or services for 
    the direct benefit or use of the Naval Academy.
        ``(2) Leases.--The Secretary may enter into leases, in 
    accordance with section 2667 of this title, or licenses with the 
    Association for the purpose of supporting the athletic and physical 
    fitness programs of the Naval Academy. Any such lease or license 
    shall be deemed to satisfy the conditions of section 2667(h)(2) of 
    this title.
    ``(b) Use of Navy Personal Property by the Association.--The 
Secretary may allow the Association to use, at no cost, personal 
property of the Department of the Navy to assist the Association in 
supporting the athletic and physical fitness programs of the Naval 
Academy.
    ``(c) Acceptance of Support.--
        ``(1) Support received from the association.--Notwithstanding 
    section 1342 of title 31, the Secretary may accept from the 
    Association funds, supplies, and services for the support of the 
    athletic and physical fitness programs of the Naval Academy. For 
    purposes of this section, employees or personnel of the Association 
    may not be considered to be employees of the United States.
        ``(2) Funds received from ncaa.--The Secretary may accept funds 
    from the National Collegiate Athletic Association to support the 
    athletic and physical fitness programs of the Naval Academy.
        ``(3) Limitation.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
    contributions under this subsection do not reflect unfavorably on 
    the ability of the Department of the Navy, any of its employees, or 
    any member of the armed forces to carry out any responsibility or 
    duty in a fair and objective manner, or compromise the integrity or 
    appearance of integrity of any program of the Department of the 
    Navy, or any individual involved in such a program.
    ``(d) Retention and Use of Funds.--Notwithstanding section 2260(d) 
of this title, funds received under this section may be retained for 
use in support of athletic and physical fitness programs of the Naval 
Academy and shall remain available until expended.
    ``(e) Trademarks and Service Marks.--
        ``(1) Licensing, marketing, and sponsorship agreements.--An 
    agreement under subsection (a)(1) may, consistent with sections 
    2260 (other than subsection (d)) and 5022(b)(3) of this title, 
    authorize the Association to enter into licensing, marketing, and 
    sponsorship agreements relating to trademarks and service marks 
    identifying the Naval Academy, subject to the approval of the 
    Department of the Navy.
        ``(2) Limitations.--No such licensing, marketing, or 
    sponsorship agreement may be entered into if it would reflect 
    unfavorably on the ability of the Department of the Navy, any of 
    its employees, or any member of the armed forces to carry out any 
    responsibility or duty in a fair and objective manner, or if the 
    Secretary determines that the use of the trademark or service mark 
    would compromise the integrity or appearance of integrity of any 
    program of the Department of the Navy, or any individual involved 
    in such a program.
    ``(f) Service on Association Board of Control.--The Association is 
a designated entity for which authorization under sections 1033(a) and 
1589(a) of this title may be provided.
    ``(g) Conditions.--The authority provided in this section with 
respect to the Association is available only so long as the Association 
continues to--
        ``(1) qualify as a nonprofit organization under section 
    501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and operates in 
    accordance with this section, the laws of the State of Maryland, 
    and the constitution and bylaws of the Association; and
        ``(2) operate exclusively to support the athletic and physical 
    fitness programs of the Naval Academy.
    ``(h) Association Defined.--In this section, the term `Association' 
means the Naval Academy Athletic Association.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``6981. Support of athletic and physical fitness programs.''.
    SEC. 543. EXPANSION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PILOT PROGRAM ON 
      RECEIPT OF CIVILIAN CREDENTIALING FOR MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL 
      SPECIALTY SKILLS.
    (a) Expansion of Program.--Subsection (b)(1) of section 558 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
112-81; 125 Stat. 1418; 10 U.S.C. 2015 note) is amended by striking 
``or more than five''.
    (b) Use of Industry-recognized Certifications.--Subsection (b) of 
such section is further amended--
        (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (1);
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(2) consider utilizing industry-recognized certifications or 
    licensing standards for civilian occupational skills comparable to 
    the specialties or codes so designated; and''.
    SEC. 544. STATE CONSIDERATION OF MILITARY TRAINING IN GRANTING 
      CERTAIN STATE CERTIFICATIONS AND LICENSES AS A CONDITION ON THE 
      RECEIPT OF FUNDS FOR VETERANS EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING.
    (a) In General.--Section 4102A(c) of title 38, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(9)(A) As a condition of a grant or contract under which funds 
are made available to a State in order to carry out section 4103A or 
4104 of this title for any program year, the Secretary may require the 
State--
        ``(i) to demonstrate that when the State approves or denies a 
    certification or license described in subparagraph (B) for a 
    veteran the State takes into consideration any training received or 
    experience gained by the veteran while serving on active duty in 
    the Armed Forces; and
        ``(ii) to disclose to the Secretary in writing the following:
            ``(I) Criteria applicants must satisfy to receive a 
        certification or license described in subparagraph (B) by the 
        State.
            ``(II) A description of the standard practices of the State 
        for evaluating training received by veterans while serving on 
        active duty in the Armed Forces and evaluating the documented 
        work experience of such veterans during such service for 
        purposes of approving or denying a certification or license 
        described in subparagraph (B).
            ``(III) Identification of areas in which training and 
        experience described in subclause (II) fails to meet criteria 
        described in subclause (I).''
    ``(B) A certification or license described in this subparagraph is 
any of the following:
        ``(i) A license to be a nonemergency medical professional.
        ``(ii) A license to be an emergency medical professional.
        ``(iii) A commercial driver's license.
    ``(C) The Secretary shall share the information the Secretary 
receives under subparagraph (A)(ii) with the Secretary of Defense to 
help the Secretary of Defense improve training for military 
occupational specialties so that individuals who receive such training 
are able to receive a certification or license described in 
subparagraph (B) from a State.
    ``(D) The Secretary shall publish on the Internet website of the 
Department available to the public--
        ``(i) any guidance the Secretary gives the Secretary of Defense 
    with respect to carrying out this section; and
        ``(ii) any information the Secretary receives from a State 
    pursuant to subparagraph (A).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to a program year beginning on or after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 545. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REVIEW OF ACCESS TO MILITARY 
      INSTALLATIONS BY REPRESENTATIVES OF INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER 
      EDUCATION.
    (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
review to assess the extent of access that representatives of 
institutions of higher education have to military installations.
    (b) Elements of Review.--The review required by subsection (a) 
shall include, at a minimum, an assessment of the following:
        (1) The policies and procedures that govern the availability 
    and the degree to which representatives of institutions of higher 
    education obtain access to military installations for marketing and 
    recruitment purposes to members of the Armed Forces and their 
    families.
        (2) The extent to which persons employed by institutions of 
    higher education who have authorized access to military 
    installations are engaged in the unauthorized or inappropriate 
    marketing of products and services to members of the Armed Forces 
    through such access.
        (3) The policies and regulations that are in effect to prevent 
    inappropriate marketing of educational products and services on 
    military installations and the effectiveness or shortcomings, and 
    the adequacy of the enforcement, of those policies and regulations.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
containing the results of the review required by subsection (a). The 
report shall include any recommendations for statutory or regulatory 
change that the Secretary considers appropriate to enhance the 
protection of members of the Armed Forces from inappropriate marketing 
and recruitment on military installations by representatives of 
institutions of higher education.
    SEC. 546. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EFFORTS TO STANDARDIZE 
      EDUCATIONAL TRANSCRIPTS ISSUED TO SEPARATING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the efforts of the Department of Defense to 
standardize the educational transcripts issued to members of the Armed 
Forces on their separation from the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) A description of the similarities and differences between 
    the educational transcripts issued to members separating from the 
    each of the Armed Forces.
        (2) A description of any assessments done by the Department, or 
    in conjunction with educational institutions, to identify 
    shortcomings in the transcripts issued to separating members in 
    connection with their ability to qualify for civilian educational 
    credits.
        (3) A description of the implementation plan for the Joint 
    Services Transcript, including a schedule and the elements of 
    existing educational transcripts to be incorporated into the Joint 
    Services Transcript.
    SEC. 547. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORTS ON JOINT 
      PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION MATTERS.
    (a) Report on Review of Military Education Coordination Council 
Report.--
        (1) Review of methodology.--The Comptroller General of the 
    United States shall review the methodology used by the Military 
    Education Coordination Council in compiling the report on joint 
    professional military education that is to be submitted to the 
    Director of Joint Force Development by March 1, 2013, pursuant to 
    the Joint Staff Memorandum, Joint Staff Review, dated July 16, 
    2012. The review shall include an examination of the analytical 
    approach used by the Council for that report, including the types 
    of information considered, the cost savings identified, the 
    benefits of options considered, the time frames for implementation, 
    and transparency.
        (2) Report.--Not later than 90 days after receiving from the 
    Director of Joint Force Development the report described in 
    paragraph (1), the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report on the review under paragraph (1) of the 
    report described in that paragraph. The report of the Comptroller 
    General under this paragraph shall set forth the following:
            (A) The results of the review under paragraph (1).
            (B) Such recommendations as the Comptroller General 
        considers appropriate in light of the results of the review.
    (b) Report on Joint Professional Military Education Research 
Institutions.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than January 31, 2014, the 
    Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
    assessment by the Comptroller General of the work performed by 
    joint professional military education research institutions in 
    support of professional military education and the broader mission 
    of the Department of Defense, the military departments, and the 
    Defense Agencies.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include an assessment of the following:
            (A) The systems, mechanisms, and structures within the 
        senior and intermediate joint professional military education 
        colleges and universities for oversight, governance, and 
        management of the joint professional military education 
        research institutions, including systems, mechanisms, and 
        structures relating to the development of policies and budgets 
        for research.
            (B) The factors contributing to and the extent of growth in 
        the number and size of joint professional military education 
        research institutions since 2000.
            (C) The causes and extent of cost growth at joint 
        professional military education research institutions since 
        2000.
            (D) The focus of research activity conducted by the joint 
        professional military education research institutions, and the 
        extent to which each joint professional military education 
        research institution performs a unique research function or 
        engages in similar or duplicative efforts with other components 
        or elements of the Department of Defense.
            (E) The measures of effectiveness used by the joint 
        professional military education research institutions, the 
        senior and intermediate joint professional military education 
        colleges and universities, and other oversight entities to 
        evaluate the performance of the joint professional military 
        education research institutions in meeting established goals or 
        objectives.
        (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) The term ``joint professional military education 
        research institutions'' means subordinate organizations 
        (including centers, institutes, and schools) under the senior 
        and intermediate joint professional military education colleges 
        and universities for which research is the primary mission or 
        reason for existence.
            (B) The term ``senior and intermediate joint professional 
        military education colleges and universities'' means the 
        following:
                (i) The National Defense University.
                (ii) The Army War College.
                (iii) The Navy War College.
                (iv) The Air University.
                (v) The Air War College.
                (vi) The Marine Corp University.

    Subtitle F--Reserve Officers' Training Corps and Related Matters

    SEC. 551. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR ELIGIBILITY FOR IN-STATE 
      TUITION OF AT LEAST 50 PERCENT OF PARTICIPANTS IN SENIOR RESERVE 
      OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS PROGRAM.
    Section 2107(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking the third sentence.
    SEC. 552. CONSOLIDATION OF MILITARY DEPARTMENT AUTHORITY TO ISSUE 
      ARMS, TENTAGE, AND EQUIPMENT TO EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS NOT 
      MAINTAINING UNITS OF JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.
    (a) Consolidation.--Chapter 102 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2034. Educational institutions not maintaining units of Junior 
    Reserve Officers' Training Corps: issuance of arms, tentage, and 
    equipment
    ``The Secretary of a military department may issue arms, tentage, 
and equipment to an educational institution at which no unit of the 
Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps is maintained if the 
educational institution--
        ``(1) offers a course in military training prescribed by that 
    Secretary; and
        ``(2) has a student body of at least 50 students who are in a 
    grade above the eighth grade.''.
    (b) Repeal of Separate Authorities.--Sections 4651, 7911, and 9651 
of such title are repealed.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Consolidated authority.--The table of sections at the 
    beginning of chapter 102 of such title is amended by adding at the 
    end the following new item:

``2034. Educational institutions not maintaining units of Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps: issuance of arms, tentage, and 
          equipment.''.

        (2) Army authority.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
    chapter 441 of such title is amended by striking the item relating 
    to section 4651.
        (3) Navy authority.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
    chapter 667 of such title is amended by striking the item relating 
    to section 7911.
        (4) Air force authority.--The table of sections at the 
    beginning of chapter 941 of such title is amended by striking the 
    item relating to section 9651.
    SEC. 553. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS ON PLAN TO INCREASE THE 
      NUMBER OF UNITS OF THE JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.
    (a) Number of Units Covered by Plan.--Subsection (a) of section 548 
of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4466) is amended by striking ``not 
less than 3,700 units'' and inserting ``not less than 3,000, and not 
more than 3,700, units''.
    (b) Additional Exception.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; or''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) if the Secretaries of the military departments determine 
    that the level of support of all kinds (including appropriated 
    funds) provided to youth development programs within the Armed 
    Forces is consistent with funding limitations and the achievement 
    of the objectives of such programs.''.
    (c) Submittal of Revised Plan and Implementation Reports.--
Subsection (e) of such section is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Time for Submission.--Not later than March 31, 2013, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a revised plan under subsection (a) to reflect amendments 
made to subsections (a) and (b) during fiscal year 2013 and a new 
report under subsection (d) to address the revised plan. The Secretary 
shall submit an updated report not later than March 31 of each of 2015, 
2018, and 2020.''.
    SEC. 554. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING 
      CORPS PROGRAMS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting 
forth the assessment of the Comptroller General regarding the 
following:
        (1) Whether the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) 
    programs of the military departments are effectively meeting, and 
    structured to meet, current and projected requirements for newly 
    commissioned officers in the Armed Forces.
        (2) The cost-effectiveness and unit productivity of the current 
    Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs.
        (3) The adequacy of current oversight and criteria for the 
    establishment and disestablishment of units of the Reserve 
    Officers' Training Corps.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include, 
at a minimum, the following:
        (1) A list of the units of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
    by Armed Force, and by college or university, and the number of 
    cadets and midshipman currently enrolled by class or year group.
        (2) The number of officers commissioned in 2012 from the 
    Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs, and the number projected 
    to be commissioned over the period of the current future-years 
    defense program under section 221 of title 10, United States Code, 
    from each unit listed under paragraph (1).
        (3) An assessment of the requirements of each Armed Force for 
    newly commissioned officers in 2012 and the strategic planning 
    regarding such requirements over the period of the current future-
    years defense program.
        (4) The number of military and civilian personnel of the 
    Department of Defense assigned to lead and manage units of the 
    Reserve Officers' Training Corps, and the grades of the military 
    personnel so assigned.
        (5) An assessment of Department of Defense-wide and Armed-Force 
    specific standards regarding the productivity of units of the 
    Reserve Officers' Training Corps, and an assessment of compliance 
    with such standards.
        (6) An assessment of the projected use by the Armed Forces of 
    the procedures available to the Armed Forces to respond to overages 
    in the number of cadets and midshipmen in the Reserve Officers' 
    Training Corps programs.
        (7) A description of the plans of the Armed Forces to retain or 
    disestablish units of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps that do 
    not meet productivity standards.

Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness

    SEC. 561. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
      AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
      AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.
    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2013 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $25,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (b) Assistance to Schools With Enrollment Changes Due to Base 
Closures, Force Structure Changes, or Force Relocations.--
        (1) Extension of authority to provide assistance.--Section 
    572(b)(4) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2006 (20 U.S.C. 7703b(b)(4)) is amended by striking ``September 30, 
    2012'' and inserting ``September 30, 2014''.
        (2) Amount of assistance authorized.--Of the amount authorized 
    to be appropriated for fiscal year 2013 by section 301 and 
    available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities 
    as specified in the funding table in section 4301, $5,000,000 shall 
    be available only for the purpose of providing assistance to local 
    educational agencies under subsection (b) of section 572 of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
    7703b).
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Funding Reference.--Section 572 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
7703b) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (e); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
    (d) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
8013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).
    SEC. 562. IMPACT AID FOR CHILDREN WITH SEVERE DISABILITIES.
    Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2013 
pursuant to section 301 and available for operation and maintenance for 
Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding table in section 
4301, $5,000,000 shall be available for payments under section 363 of 
the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 
U.S.C. 7703a).
    SEC. 563. AMENDMENTS TO THE IMPACT AID PROGRAM.
    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Impact Aid 
Improvement Act of 2012''.
    (b) Amendments to the Impact Aid Program.--Title VIII of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.) 
is amended--
        (1) in section 8002 (20 U.S.C. 7702)--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) by striking ``for a fiscal year ending prior to 
            October 1, 2003''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``or (h)'' after ``subsection (b)'';
            (B) in subsection (b)--
                (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``aggregate 
            assessed'' and inserting ``estimated taxable''; and
                (ii) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
            following:
        ``(3) Determination of taxable value for eligible federal 
    property.--
            ``(A) In general.--In determining the estimated taxable 
        value of such acquired Federal property for fiscal year 2010 
        and each succeeding fiscal year, the Secretary shall--
                ``(i) first determine the total taxable value for the 
            purpose of levying property tax for school purposes for 
            current expenditures of real property located within the 
            boundaries of such local educational agency;
                ``(ii) then determine the per acre value of the 
            eligible Federal property by dividing the total taxable 
            value as determined in clause (i) by the difference between 
            the total acres located within the boundaries of the local 
            educational agency and the number of Federal acres eligible 
            under this section; and
                ``(iii) then determine the total taxable value of the 
            eligible Federal property by multiplying the per acre value 
            as calculated under clause (ii) by the number of Federal 
            acres eligible under this section.
            ``(B) Special rule.--In the case of Federal property 
        eligible under this section that is within the boundaries of 2 
        or more local educational agencies, such a local educational 
        agency may ask the Secretary to calculate the per acre value of 
        each such local educational agency as provided under 
        subparagraph (A) and apply the average of these per acre values 
        to the acres of the Federal property in such agency.''; and
            (C) in subsection (h)--
                (i) in paragraph (1)--

                    (I) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``for 
                pre-1995 recipients '' and inserting ``for pre-2010 
                recipients''; and
                    (II) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and 
                inserting the following:

            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall first make a 
        foundation payment to each local educational agency that is 
        determined by the Secretary to be eligible to receive a payment 
        under this section for the fiscal year involved and that filed 
        a timely application, and met, or has been determined by 
        statute to meet, the eligibility requirements of subsection (a) 
        for fiscal year 2009.
            ``(B) Amount.--
                ``(i) In general.--The amount of a payment under 
            subparagraph (A) for a local educational agency shall be 
            equal to the greater of 90 percent of the payment the local 
            educational agency received from dollars appropriated for 
            fiscal year 2009 or 90 percent of the average payment that 
            the local educational agency received from dollars 
            appropriated for fiscal years 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009, 
            and shall be calculated without regard to the maximum 
            payment provisions in subsection (b)(1)(C).
                ``(ii) Exception.--In calculating such average payment 
            for a local educational agency that did not receive a 
            payment under subsection (b) for 1 or more of the fiscal 
            years between fiscal year 2006 and 2009, inclusive, the 
            lowest such payment made to the agency for fiscal year 
            2006, 2007, 2008, or 2009, shall be treated as the payment 
            that the agency received under subsection (b) for each 
            fiscal year for which the agency did not receive such a 
            payment.''; and
                (ii) by striking paragraphs (2) through (4) and 
            inserting the following:
        ``(2) Foundation payments for new applicants.--
            ``(A) First year.--From any amounts remaining after making 
        payments under paragraph (1) and subsection (i)(1) for the 
        fiscal year involved, the Secretary shall make a payment, in an 
        amount determined in accordance with subparagraph (C), to each 
        local educational agency that the Secretary determines eligible 
        for a payment under this section for a fiscal year after fiscal 
        year 2009 and that did not receive a payment under paragraph 
        (1) for the fiscal year for which such agency was determined 
        eligible for such payment.
            ``(B) Second and succeeding years.--For any succeeding 
        fiscal year after the first fiscal year that a local 
        educational agency receives a foundation payment under 
        subparagraph (A), the amount of the local educational agency's 
        foundation payment under this paragraph for such succeeding 
        fiscal year shall be equal to the local educational agency's 
        foundation payment under this paragraph for the first fiscal 
        year.
            ``(C) Amounts.--The amount of a payment under subparagraph 
        (A) for a local educational agency shall be determined as 
        follows:
                ``(i) Calculate the local educational agency's maximum 
            payment under subsection (b).
                ``(ii) Calculate the percentage that the amount 
            appropriated under section 8014(a) for the most recent 
            fiscal year for which the Secretary has completed making 
            payments under this section is of the total maximum 
            payments for such fiscal year for all local educational 
            agencies eligible for a payment under subsection (b) and 
            multiply the agency's maximum payment by such percentage.
                ``(iii) Multiply the amount determined under clause 
            (ii) by 90 percent.
            ``(D) Insufficient funds.--If the amount appropriated under 
        section 8014(a) of this title is insufficient to pay the full 
        amount determined under this paragraph for all eligible local 
        educational agencies for the fiscal year, then the Secretary 
        shall ratably reduce the payment to each local educational 
        agency under this paragraph.
        ``(3) Remaining funds.--From any funds remaining after making 
    payments under paragraphs (1) and (2) for the fiscal year involved, 
    the Secretary shall make a payment to each local educational agency 
    that received a foundation payment under paragraph (1) or (2) or 
    subsection (i)(1), for the fiscal year involved in an amount that 
    bears the same relation to the remainder as a percentage share 
    determined for the local educational agency (by dividing the 
    maximum amount that the agency is eligible to receive under 
    subsection (b) by the total of the maximum amounts for all such 
    agencies) bears to the percentage share determined (in the same 
    manner) for all local educational agencies eligible to receive a 
    payment under this section for the fiscal year involved, except 
    that, for the purpose of calculating a local educational agency's 
    maximum amount under subsection (b), data from the most current 
    fiscal year shall be used.
        ``(4) Data.--For each local educational agency that received a 
    payment under this section for fiscal year 2010 through the fiscal 
    year in which the Impact Aid Improvement Act of 2012 is enacted, 
    the Secretary shall not make a payment under paragraph (3) to a 
    local educational agency that fails to submit, within 60 days of 
    the date the Secretary notifies the agency that the information is 
    needed, the data necessary to calculate the maximum amount of a 
    payment under subsection (b) for that local educational agency.'';
        (2) by striking section 8003(a)(4) (20 U.S.C. 7703(a)(4)) and 
    inserting the following:
        ``(4) Military installation and indian housing undergoing 
    renovation or rebuilding.--
            ``(A) Military installation housing.--Beginning in fiscal 
        year 2014, in determining the amount of a payment for a local 
        educational agency for children described in paragraph 
        (1)(D)(i), the Secretary shall consider those children as if 
        they were children described in paragraph (1)(B) if the 
        Secretary determines, on the basis of a certification provided 
        to the Secretary by a designated representative of the 
        Secretary of Defense, that those children would have resided in 
        housing on Federal property if the housing was not undergoing 
        renovation or rebuilding. The total number of children treated 
        as children described in paragraph (1)(B) shall not exceed the 
        lessor of--
                ``(i) the total number of children eligible under 
            paragraph (1)(B) for the year prior to the initiation of 
            the housing project on Federal property undergoing 
            renovation or rebuilding; or
                ``(ii) the total number of Federally connected children 
            enrolled at the local educational agency as stated in the 
            application filed for the payment for the year for which 
            the determination is made.
            ``(B) Indian lands.--Beginning in fiscal year 2014, in 
        determining the amount of a payment for a local educational 
        agency that received a payment for children that resided on 
        Indian lands in accordance with paragraph (1)(C) for the fiscal 
        year prior to the fiscal year for which the local educational 
        agency is making an application, the Secretary shall consider 
        those children to be children described in paragraph (1)(C) if 
        the Secretary determines on the basis of a certification 
        provided to the Secretary by a designated representative of the 
        Secretary of the Interior or the Secretary of Housing and Urban 
        Development that those children would have resided in housing 
        on Indian lands if the housing was not undergoing renovation or 
        rebuilding. The total number of children treated as children 
        described in paragraph (1)(C) shall not exceed the lessor of--
                ``(i) the total number of children eligible under 
            paragraph (1)(C) for the year prior to the initiation of 
            the housing project on Indian lands undergoing renovation 
            or rebuilding; or
                ``(ii) the total number of Federally connected children 
            enrolled at the local educational agency as stated in the 
            application filed for the payment for the year for which 
            the determination is made.
            ``(C) Eligible housing.--Renovation or rebuilding shall be 
        defined as projects considered as capitalization, 
        modernization, or restoration, as defined by the Secretary of 
        Defense or the Secretary of the Interior (as the case may be) 
        and are projects that last more than 30 days, but do not 
        include `sustainment projects' such as painting, carpeting, or 
        minor repairs.''; and
        (3) in section 8010 (20 U.S.C. 7710)--
            (A) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``paragraph (3) of 
        this subsection'' both places the term appears and inserting 
        ``paragraph (2)''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Timely Payments.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
    shall pay a local educational agency the full amount that the 
    agency is eligible to receive under this title for a fiscal year 
    not later than September 30 of the second fiscal year following the 
    fiscal year for which such amount has been appropriated if, not 
    later than 1 calendar year following the fiscal year in which such 
    amount has been appropriated, such local educational agency submits 
    to the Secretary all the data and information necessary for the 
    Secretary to pay the full amount that the agency is eligible to 
    receive under this title for such fiscal year.
        ``(2) Payments with respect of fiscal years in which 
    insufficient funds are appropriated.--For a fiscal year in which 
    the amount appropriated under section 8014 is insufficient to pay 
    the full amount a local educational agency is eligible to receive 
    under this title, paragraph (1) shall be applied by substituting 
    `is available to pay the agency' for `the agency is eligible to 
    receive' each place the term appears.''.
    (c) Effective Date, Implementation, and Repeal.--
        (1) In general.--The amendments made by subsection (b) shall be 
    effective for a 2-year period beginning on the date of enactment of 
    this Act.
        (2) Effective date.--Notwithstanding section 8005(d) of the 
    Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7705(d)), 
    subsection (b)(1), and the amendments made by subsection (b)(1), 
    shall take effect with respect to applications submitted under 
    section 8002 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 
    (20 U.S.C. 7702) for fiscal year 2010.
        (3) Implementation.--The Secretary of Education shall carry out 
    the amendments made by this section without regard to the 
    rulemaking procedures under section 553 of title 5, United States 
    Code.
        (4) Repeal.--The amendments made by subsection (b) shall be 
    repealed on the day after the 2-year period described in paragraph 
    (1) and title VIII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
    1965 (20 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.) shall be applied as if such 
    subsection and the amendments made by such subsection had never 
    been enacted.
    SEC. 564. TRANSITIONAL COMPENSATION FOR DEPENDENT CHILDREN WHO ARE 
      CARRIED DURING PREGNANCY AT TIME OF DEPENDENT-ABUSE OFFENSE 
      COMMITTED BY AN INDIVIDUAL WHILE A MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--Section 1059 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(4) Payment to a child under this section shall not cover any 
period before the birth of the child.''; and
        (2) in subsection (l), by striking ``at the time of the 
    dependent-abuse offense resulting in the separation of the former 
    member'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting ``or 
    eligible spouse at the time of the dependent-abuse offense 
    resulting in the separation of the former member or who was carried 
    during pregnancy at the time of the dependent-abuse offense 
    resulting in the separation of the former member and was 
    subsequently born alive to the eligible spouse or former spouse''.
    (b) Prospective Applicability.--No benefits shall accrue by reason 
of the amendments made by this section for any month that begins before 
the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 565. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO ALLOW DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      DOMESTIC DEPENDENT ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS TO ENROLL 
      CERTAIN STUDENTS.
    Section 2164 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(k) Enrollment of Relocated Defense Dependents' Education System 
Students.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may authorize the enrollment in 
a Department of Defense education program provided by the Secretary 
pursuant to subsection (a) of a dependent of a member of the armed 
forces or a dependent of a Federal employee who is enrolled in the 
defense dependents' education system established under section 1402 of 
the Defense Dependents' Education Act of 1978 (20 U.S.C. 921) if--
        ``(A) the dependents departed the overseas location as a result 
    of a evacuation order;
        ``(B) the designated safe haven of the dependent is located 
    within reasonable commuting distance of a school operated by the 
    Department of Defense education program; and
        ``(C) the school possesses the capacity and resources necessary 
    to enable the student to attend the school.
    ``(2) Unless waived by the Secretary of Defense, a dependent 
described in paragraph (1) who is enrolled in a school operated by the 
Department of Defense education program pursuant to such paragraph may 
attend the school only through the end of the school year.
    ``(l) Enrollment in Virtual Elementary and Secondary Education 
Program.--(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, 
the Secretary may authorize the enrollment in the virtual elementary 
and secondary education program established as a component of the 
Department of Defense education program of a dependent of a member of 
the armed forces on active duty who--
        ``(A) is enrolled in an elementary or secondary school operated 
    by a local educational agency or another accredited educational 
    program in the United States (other than a school operated by the 
    Department of Defense education program); and
        ``(B) immediately before such enrollment, was enrolled in the 
    defense dependents' education system established under section 1402 
    of the Defense Dependents' Education Act of 1978 (20 U.S.C. 921).
    ``(2) Enrollment of a dependent described in paragraph (1) pursuant 
to such paragraph shall be on a tuition basis.''.
    SEC. 566. NONCOMPETITIVE APPOINTMENT AUTHORITY REGARDING CERTAIN 
      MILITARY SPOUSES.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 3330d. Appointment of certain military spouses
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `active duty'--
            ``(A) has the meaning given that term in section 101(d)(1) 
        of title 10;
            ``(B) includes full-time National Guard duty (as defined in 
        section 101(d)(5) of title 10); and
            ``(C) for a member of a reserve component (as described in 
        section 10101 of title 10), does not include training duties or 
        attendance at a service school.
        ``(2) The term `agency'--
            ``(A) has the meaning given the term `Executive agency' in 
        section 105 of this title; and
            ``(B) does not include the Government Accountability 
        Office.
        ``(3) The term `geographic area of the permanent duty station' 
    means the area from which individuals reasonably can be expected to 
    travel daily to and from work at the location of a member's 
    permanent duty station.
        ``(4) The term `permanent change of station' means the 
    assignment, detail, or transfer of a member of the Armed Forces who 
    is on active duty and serving at a permanent duty station under a 
    competent authorization or order that does not--
            ``(A) specify the duty as temporary;
            ``(B) provide for assignment, detail, or transfer, after 
        that different permanent duty station, to a further different 
        permanent duty station; or
            ``(C) direct return to the initial permanent duty station.
        ``(5) The term `relocating spouse of a member of the Armed 
    Forces' means an individual who--
            ``(A) is married to a member of the Armed Forces (on or 
        prior to a permanent change of station of the member) who is 
        ordered to active duty for a period of more than 180 
        consecutive days;
            ``(B) relocates to the member's permanent duty station; and
            ``(C) before relocating as described in subparagraph (B), 
        resided outside the geographic area of the permanent duty 
        station.
        ``(6) The term `spouse of a disabled or deceased member of the 
    Armed Forces' means an individual--
            ``(A) who is married to a member of the Armed Forces who--
                ``(i) is retired, released, or discharged from the 
            Armed Forces; and
                ``(ii) on the date on which the member retires, is 
            released, or is discharged, has a disability rating of 100 
            percent under the standard schedule of rating disabilities 
            in use by the Department of Veterans Affairs; or
            ``(B) who--
                ``(i) was married to a member of the Armed Forces on 
            the date on which the member dies while on active duty in 
            the Armed Forces; and
                ``(ii) has not remarried.
    ``(b) Appointment Authority.--The head of an agency may appoint 
noncompetitively--
        ``(1) a relocating spouse of a member of the Armed Forces; or
        ``(2) a spouse of a disabled or deceased member of the Armed 
    Forces.
    ``(c) Special Rules Regarding Relocating Spouse.--
        ``(1) In general.--An appointment of a relocating spouse of a 
    member of the Armed Forces under this section may only be to a 
    position the duty station for which is within the geographic area 
    of the permanent duty station of the member of the Armed Forces, 
    unless there is no agency with a position with a duty station 
    within the geographic area of the permanent duty station of the 
    member of the Armed Forces.
        ``(2) Single permanent appointment per duty station.--A 
    relocating spouse of a member of the Armed Forces may not receive 
    more than 1 permanent appointment under this section for each time 
    the spouse relocates as described in subparagraphs (B) and (C) of 
    subsection (a)(5).
    ``(d) Special Rules Regarding Spouse of a Disabled or Deceased 
Member of the Armed Forces.--
        ``(1) In general.--An appointment of an eligible spouse as 
    described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection (a)(6) is not 
    restricted to a geographical area.
        ``(2) Single permanent appointment.--A spouse of a disabled or 
    deceased member of the Armed Forces may not receive more than 1 
    permanent appointment under this section.''.
    (b) Regulations.--Not later than 180 after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Director of the Office of Personnel 
Management shall amend section 315.612 of title 5, Code of Federal 
Regulations (relating to noncompetitive appointment of certain military 
spouses), in accordance with the amendment made by subsection (a) and 
promulgate or amend any other regulations necessary to carry out the 
amendment made by subsection (a).
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 33 of 
title 5, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 3330c the following new item:

``3330d. Appointment of certain military spouses.''.
    SEC. 567. REPORT ON FUTURE OF FAMILY SUPPORT PROGRAMS OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the anticipated future of 
the family support programs of the Department of Defense during the 
five-year period beginning on the date of the submittal of the report 
as end strengths for the Armed Forces are reduced and the Armed Forces 
are drawn down from combat operations in Afghanistan.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) A description of the current family support programs of 
    each of the Armed Forces and the Department of Defense, including 
    the name, scope and intended purpose of each program.
        (2) An assessment of the current costs of the family support 
    programs covered by paragraph (1), and an estimate of the costs of 
    anticipated family support programs of the Armed Forces and 
    Department over the period covered by the report.
        (3) An assessment of the costs and other consequences 
    associated with the elimination or reduction of any current family 
    support programs covered by paragraph (1) over the period covered 
    by the report.
        (4) An assessment of the family support programs of each of the 
    Armed Forces covered by paragraph (1), including any planned or 
    anticipated changes to the programs over the period covered by the 
    report.
    SEC. 568. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING SUPPORT FOR YELLOW RIBBON 
      DAY.
    Congress supports the goals and ideals of Yellow Ribbon Day in 
honor of members of the Armed Forces and other individuals of the 
United States who are serving overseas apart from their families and 
loved ones.

  Subtitle H--Improved Sexual Assault Prevention and Response in the 
                              Armed Forces

    SEC. 570. ARMED FORCES WORKPLACE AND GENDER RELATIONS SURVEYS.
    (a) Additional Content of Surveys.--Subsection (c) of section 481 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``harassment and discrimination'' and inserting 
    ``harassment, assault, and discrimination'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (3) 
    and (4); respectively;
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraph (2):
        ``(2) The specific types of assault that have occurred, and the 
    number of times each respondent has been assaulted during the 
    preceding year.'';
        (4) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated, by striking 
    ``discrimination'' and inserting ``discrimination, harassment, and 
    assault''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(5) Any other issues relating to discrimination, harassment, 
    or assault as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.''.
    (b) Time for Conducting of Surveys.--Such section is further 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``four quadrennial 
    surveys (each in a separate year)'' and inserting ``four surveys''; 
    and
        (2) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(d) When Surveys Required.--(1) One of the two Armed Forces 
Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys shall be conducted in 2014 and 
then every second year thereafter and the other Armed Forces Workplace 
and Gender Relations Survey shall be conducted in 2015 and then every 
second year thereafter, so that one of the two surveys is being 
conducted each year.
    ``(2) The two Armed Forces Workplace and Equal Opportunity Surveys 
shall be conducted at least once every four years. The two surveys may 
not be conducted in the same year.''.
    SEC. 571. AUTHORITY TO RETAIN OR RECALL TO ACTIVE DUTY RESERVE 
      COMPONENT MEMBERS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT WHILE ON 
      ACTIVE DUTY.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 1209 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 12323. Active duty pending line of duty determination required 
     for response to sexual assault
    ``(a) Continuation on Active Duty.--In the case of a member of a 
reserve component who is the alleged victim of sexual assault committed 
while on active duty and who is expected to be released from active 
duty before the determination is made regarding whether the member was 
assaulted while in the line of duty (in this section referred to as a 
`line of duty determination'), the Secretary concerned, upon the 
request of the member, may order the member to be retained on active 
duty until completion of the line of duty determination. A member 
eligible for continuation on active duty under this subsection shall be 
informed as soon as practicable after the alleged assault of the option 
to request continuation on active duty under this subsection.
    ``(b) Return to Active Duty.--In the case of a member of a reserve 
component not on active duty who is the alleged victim of a sexual 
assault that occurred while the member was on active duty and when the 
line of duty determination is not completed, the Secretary concerned, 
upon the request of the member, may order the member to active duty for 
such time as necessary for completion of the line of duty 
determination.
    ``(c) Regulations.--The Secretaries of the military departments 
shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section, subject to 
guidelines prescribed by the Secretary of Defense. The guidelines of 
the Secretary of Defense shall provide that--
        ``(1) a request submitted by a member described in subsection 
    (a) or (b) to continue on active duty, or to be ordered to active 
    duty, respectively, must be decided within 30 days from the date of 
    the request; and
        ``(2) if the request is denied, the member may appeal to the 
    first general officer or flag officer in the chain of command of 
    the member, and in the case of such an appeal a decision on the 
    appeal must be made within 15 days from the date of the appeal.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 1209 of such title is amended adding at the end the following 
new item:

``12323. Active duty pending line of duty determination required for 
          response to sexual assault.''.
    SEC. 572. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS IN COMPREHENSIVE DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE POLICY ON SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE.
    (a) Policy Modifications.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall modify the 
revised comprehensive policy for the Department of Defense sexual 
assault prevention and response program required by section 1602 of the 
Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
(Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4430; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) to include in 
the policy the following new requirements:
        (1) Subject to subsection (b), a requirement that the Secretary 
    of each military department establish a record on the disposition 
    of any Unrestricted Report of sexual assault involving a member of 
    the Armed Forces, whether such disposition is court martial, 
    nonjudicial punishment, or other administrative action.
        (2) A requirement that the Secretary of each military 
    department establish policies to require the processing for 
    administrative separation of any member of the Armed Forces under 
    the jurisdiction of such Secretary whose conviction for a covered 
    offense is final and who is not punitively discharged from the 
    Armed Forces in connection with such conviction. Such requirement--
            (A) shall ensure that any separation decision is based on 
        the full facts of the case and that due process procedures are 
        provided under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
        Defense; and
            (B) shall not be interpreted to limit or alter the 
        authority of the Secretary of the military department concerned 
        to process members of the Armed Forces for administrative 
        separation for other offenses or under other provisions of law.
        (3) A requirement that the commander of each military command 
    and other units specified by the Secretary of Defense for purposes 
    of the policy shall conduct, within 120 days after the commander 
    assumes command and at least annually thereafter while retaining 
    command, a climate assessment of the command or unit for purposes 
    of preventing and responding to sexual assaults. The climate 
    assessment shall include an opportunity for members of the Armed 
    Forces to express their opinions regarding the manner and extent to 
    which their leaders, including commanders, respond to allegations 
    of sexual assault and complaints of sexual harassment and the 
    effectiveness of such response.
        (4) A requirement to post and widely disseminate information 
    about resources available to report and respond to sexual assaults, 
    including the establishment of hotline phone numbers and Internet 
    websites available to all members of the Armed Forces.
        (5) A requirement for a general education campaign to notify 
    members of the Armed Forces regarding the authorities available 
    under chapter 79 of title 10, United States Code, for the 
    correction of military records when a member experiences any 
    retaliatory personnel action for making a report of sexual assault 
    or sexual harassment.
    (b) Additional Requirements Regarding Disposition Records of Sexual 
Assault Reports.--
        (1) Elements.--The record of the disposition of an Unrestricted 
    Report of sexual assault established under subsection (a)(1) shall 
    include information regarding the following, as appropriate:
            (A) Documentary information collected about the incident, 
        other than investigator case notes.
            (B) Punishment imposed, including the sentencing by 
        judicial or non-judicial means, including incarceration, fines, 
        restriction, and extra duty as a result of military court-
        martial, Federal or local court and other sentencing, or any 
        other punishment imposed.
            (C) Adverse administrative actions taken against the 
        subject of the investigation, if any.
            (D) Any pertinent referrals made for the subject of the 
        investigation, offered as a result of the incident, such as 
        drug and alcohol counseling and other types of counseling or 
        intervention.
        (2) Retention of records.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
    require that--
            (A) the disposition records established pursuant to 
        subsection (a)(1) be retained for a period of not less than 20 
        years; and
            (B) information from the records that satisfies the 
        reporting requirements established in section 1631 of the Ike 
        Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
        (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) be incorporated into 
        the Defense Sexual Assault Incident Database and maintained for 
        the same period as applies to retention of the records under 
        subparagraph (A).
    (c) Covered Offense Defined.--For purposes of subsection (a)(2), 
the term ``covered offense'' means the following:
        (1) Rape or sexual assault under subsection (a) or (b) of 
    section 920 of title 10, United States Code (article 120 of the 
    Uniform Code of Military Justice).
        (2) Forcible sodomy under section 925 of title 10, United 
    States Code (article 125 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
        (3) An attempt to commit an offense specified in paragraph (1) 
    or (2) under section 880 of title 10, United States Code (article 
    80 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
    SEC. 573. ESTABLISHMENT OF SPECIAL VICTIM CAPABILITIES WITHIN THE 
      MILITARY DEPARTMENTS TO RESPOND TO ALLEGATIONS OF CERTAIN SPECIAL 
      VICTIM OFFENSES.
    (a) Establishment Required.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of each military department shall 
establish special victim capabilities for the purposes of--
        (1) investigating and prosecuting allegations of child abuse, 
    serious domestic violence, or sexual offenses; and
        (2) providing support for the victims of such offenses.
    (b) Personnel.--The special victim capabilities developed under 
subsection (a) shall include specially trained and selected--
        (1) investigators from the Army Criminal Investigative Command, 
    Naval Criminal Investigative Service, or Air Force Office of 
    Special Investigations;
        (2) judge advocates;
        (3) victim witness assistance personnel; and
        (4) administrative paralegal support personnel.
    (c) Training, Selection, and Certification Standards.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall prescribe standards for the training, 
selection, and certification of personnel who will provide special 
victim capabilities for a military department.
    (d) Discretion Regarding Extent of Capabilities.--
        (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of a 
    military department shall determine the extent to which special 
    victim capabilities will be established within the military 
    department and prescribe regulations for the management and use of 
    the special victim capabilities.
        (2) Required elements.--At a minimum, the special victim 
    capabilities established within a military department must provide 
    effective, timely, and responsive world-wide support for the 
    purposes described in subsection (a).
    (e) Time for Establishment.--
        (1) Implementation plan.--Not later than 270 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
    House of Representatives a report containing--
            (A) the plans and time lines of the Secretaries of the 
        military departments for the establishment of the special 
        victims capabilities; and
            (B) an assessment by the Secretary of Defense of the plans 
        and time lines.
        (2) Initial capabilities.--Not later than one year after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each military 
    department shall have available an initial special victim 
    capability consisting of the personnel specified in subsection (b).
    (f) Evaluation of Effectiveness.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) prescribe the common criteria to be used by the Secretaries 
    of the military departments to measure the effectiveness and impact 
    of the special victim capabilities from the investigative, 
    prosecutorial, and victim's perspectives; and
        (2) require the Secretaries of the military departments to 
    collect and report the data used to measure such effectiveness and 
    impact.
    (g) Special Victim Capabilities Defined.--In this section, the term 
``special victim capabilities'' means a distinct, recognizable group of 
appropriately skilled professionals who work collaboratively to achieve 
the purposes described in subsection (a). This section does not require 
that the special victim capabilities be created as separate military 
unit or have a separate chain of command.
    SEC. 574. ENHANCEMENT TO TRAINING AND EDUCATION FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT 
      PREVENTION AND RESPONSE.
     Section 585 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1434; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(d) Commanders' Training.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide 
for the inclusion of a sexual assault prevention and response training 
module in the training for new or prospective commanders at all levels 
of command. The training shall be tailored to the responsibilities and 
leadership requirements of members of the Armed Forces as they are 
assigned to command positions. Such training shall include the 
following:
        ``(1) Fostering a command climate that does not tolerate sexual 
    assault.
        ``(2) Fostering a command climate in which persons assigned to 
    the command are encouraged to intervene to prevent potential 
    incidents of sexual assault.
        ``(3) Fostering a command climate that encourages victims of 
    sexual assault to report any incident of sexual assault.
        ``(4) Understanding the needs of, and the resources available 
    to, the victim after an incident of sexual assault.
        ``(5) Use of military criminal investigative organizations for 
    the investigation of alleged incidents of sexual assault.
        ``(6) Available disciplinary options, including court-martial, 
    non-judicial punishment, administrative action, and deferral of 
    discipline for collateral misconduct, as appropriate.
    ``(e) Explanation to Be Included in Initial Entry and Accession 
Training.--
        ``(1) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall require that 
    the matters specified in paragraph (2) be carefully explained to 
    each member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps at the 
    time of (or within fourteen duty days after)--
            ``(A) the member's initial entrance on active duty; or
            ``(B) the member's initial entrance into a duty status with 
        a reserve component.
        ``(2) Matters to be explained.--This subsection applies with 
    respect to the following:
            ``(A) Department of Defense policy with respect to sexual 
        assault.
            ``(B) The resources available with respect to sexual 
        assault reporting and prevention and the procedures to be 
        followed by a member seeking to access those resources.''.
    SEC. 575. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORTING 
      REQUIREMENTS REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULTS.
    (a) Greater Detail in Case Synopses Portion of Report.--Section 
1631 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4433; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Additional Details for Case Synopses Portion of Report.--The 
Secretary of each military department shall include in the case 
synopses portion of each report described in subsection (b)(3) the 
following additional information:
        ``(1) If charges are dismissed following an investigation 
    conducted under section 832 of title 10, United States Code 
    (article 32 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), the case 
    synopsis shall include the reason for the dismissal of the charges.
        ``(2) If the case synopsis states that a member of the Armed 
    Forces accused of committing a sexual assault was administratively 
    separated or, in the case of an officer, allowed to resign in lieu 
    of facing a court-martial, the case synopsis shall include the 
    characterization (honorable, general, or other than honorable) 
    given the service of the member upon separation.
        ``(3) The case synopsis shall indicate whether a member of the 
    Armed Forces accused of committing a sexual assault was ever 
    previously accused of a substantiated sexual assault or was 
    admitted to the Armed Forces under a moral waiver granted with 
    respect to prior sexual misconduct.
        ``(4) The case synopsis shall indicate the branch of the Armed 
    Forces of each member accused of committing a sexual assault and 
    the branch of the Armed Forces of each member who is a victim of a 
    sexual assault.
        ``(5) If the case disposition includes non-judicial punishment, 
    the case synopsis shall explicitly state the nature of the 
    punishment.
        ``(6) The case synopsis shall indicate whether alcohol was 
    involved in any way in a substantiated sexual assault incident.''.
    (b) Additional Elements of Each Report.--Subsection (b) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(7) The number of applications submitted under section 673 of 
    title 10, United States Code, during the year covered by the report 
    for a permanent change of station or unit transfer for members of 
    the Armed Forces on active duty who are the victim of a sexual 
    assault or related offense, the number of applications denied, and, 
    for each application denied, a description of the reasons why the 
    application was denied.
        ``(8) An analysis and assessment of trends in the incidence, 
    disposition, and prosecution of sexual assaults by units, commands, 
    and installations during the year covered by the report, including 
    trends relating to prevalence of incidents, prosecution of 
    incidents, and avoidance of incidents.
        ``(9) An assessment of the adequacy of sexual assault 
    prevention and response activities carried out by training commands 
    during the year covered by the report.
        ``(10) An analysis of the specific factors that may have 
    contributed to sexual assault during the year covered by the 
    report, an assessment of the role of such factors in contributing 
    to sexual assaults during that year, and recommendations for 
    mechanisms to eliminate or reduce the incidence of such factors or 
    their contributions to sexual assaults.''.
    (c) Application of Amendments.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply beginning with the report regarding sexual assaults 
involving members of the Armed Forces required to be submitted by March 
1, 2014, under section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011.
    SEC. 576. INDEPENDENT REVIEWS AND ASSESSMENTS OF UNIFORM CODE OF 
      MILITARY JUSTICE AND JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT 
      CASES.
    (a) Independent Reviews and Assessments Required.--
        (1) Response systems to adult sexual assault crimes.--The 
    Secretary of Defense shall establish a panel to conduct an 
    independent review and assessment of the systems used to 
    investigate, prosecute, and adjudicate crimes involving adult 
    sexual assault and related offenses under section 920 of title 10, 
    United States Code (article 120 of the Uniform Code of Military 
    Justice), for the purpose of developing recommendations regarding 
    how to improve the effectiveness of such systems.
        (2) Judicial proceedings since fiscal year 2012 amendments.--
    The Secretary of Defense shall establish a panel to conduct an 
    independent review and assessment of judicial proceedings conducted 
    under the Uniform Code of Military Justice involving adult sexual 
    assault and related offenses since the amendments made to the 
    Uniform Code of Military Justice by section 541 of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 
    125 Stat. 1404) for the purpose of developing recommendations for 
    improvements to such proceedings.
    (b) Establishment of Independent Review Panels.--
        (1) Composition.--
            (A) Response systems panel.--The panel required by 
        subsection (a)(1) shall be composed of nine members, five of 
        whom are appointed by the Secretary of Defense and one member 
        each appointed by the chairman and ranking member of the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives.
            (B) Judicial proceedings panel.--The panel required by 
        subsection (a)(2) shall be appointed by the Secretary of 
        Defense and consist of five members, two of whom must have also 
        served on the panel established under subsection (a)(1).
        (2) Qualifications.--The members of each panel shall be 
    selected from among private United States citizens who collectively 
    possess expertise in military law, civilian law, the investigation, 
    prosecution, and adjudication of sexual assaults in State and 
    Federal criminal courts, victim advocacy, treatment for victims, 
    military justice, the organization and missions of the Armed 
    Forces, and offenses relating to rape, sexual assault, and other 
    adult sexual assault crimes.
        (3) Chair.--The chair of each panel shall be appointed by the 
    Secretary of Defense from among the members of the panel.
        (4) Period of appointment; vacancies.--Members shall be 
    appointed for the life of the panel. Any vacancy in a panel shall 
    be filled in the same manner as the original appointment.
        (5) Deadline for appointments.--
            (A) Response systems panel.--All original appointments to 
        the panel required by subsection (a)(1) shall be made not later 
        than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (B) Judicial proceedings panel.--All original appointments 
        to the panel required by subsection (a)(2) shall be made before 
        the termination date of the panel established under subsection 
        (a)(1), but no later than 30 days before the termination date.
        (6) Meetings.--A panel shall meet at the call of the chair.
        (7) First meeting.--The chair shall call the first meeting of a 
    panel not later than 60 days after the date of the appointment of 
    all the members of the panel.
    (c) Reports and Duration.--
        (1) Response systems panel.--The panel established under 
    subsection (a)(1) shall terminate upon the earlier of the 
    following:
            (A) Thirty days after the panel has submitted a report of 
        its findings and recommendations, through the Secretary of 
        Defense, to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives.
            (B) Eighteen months after the first meeting of the panel, 
        by which date the panel is expected to have made its report.
        (2) Judicial proceedings panel.--
            (A) First report.--The panel established under subsection 
        (a)(2) shall submit a first report, including any proposals for 
        legislative or administrative changes the panel considers 
        appropriate, to the Secretary of Defense and the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        not later than 180 days after the first meeting of the panel.
            (B) Subsequent reports.--The panel established under 
        subsection (a)(2) shall submit subsequent reports during fiscal 
        years 2014 through 2017.
            (C) Termination.--The panel established under subsection 
        (a)(2) shall terminate on September 30, 2017.
    (d) Duties of Panels.--
        (1) Response systems panel.--In conducting a systemic review 
    and assessment, the panel required by subsection (a)(1) shall 
    provide recommendations on how to improve the effectiveness of the 
    investigation, prosecution, and adjudication of crimes involving 
    adult sexual assault and related offenses under section 920 of 
    title 10, United States Code (article 120 of the Uniform Code of 
    Military Justice). The review shall include the following:
            (A) Using criteria the panel considers appropriate, an 
        assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the systems, 
        including the administration of the Uniform Code of the 
        Military Justice, and the investigation, prosecution, and 
        adjudication, of adult sexual assault crimes during the period 
        2007 through 2011.
            (B) A comparison of military and civilian systems for the 
        investigation, prosecution, and adjudication of adult sexual 
        assault crimes. This comparison shall include an assessment of 
        differences in providing support and protection to victims and 
        the identification of civilian best practices that may be 
        incorporated into any phase of the military system.
            (C) An assessment of advisory sentencing guidelines used in 
        civilian courts in adult sexual assault cases and whether it 
        would be advisable to promulgate sentencing guidelines for use 
        in courts-martial.
            (D) An assessment of the training level of military defense 
        and trial counsel, including their experience in defending or 
        prosecuting adult sexual assault crimes and related offenses, 
        as compared to prosecution and defense counsel for similar 
        cases in the Federal and State court systems.
            (E) An assessment and comparison of military court-martial 
        conviction rates with those in the Federal and State courts and 
        the reasons for any differences.
            (F) An assessment of the roles and effectiveness of 
        commanders at all levels in preventing sexual assaults and 
        responding to reports of sexual assault.
            (G) An assessment of the strengths and weakness of proposed 
        legislative initiatives to modify the current role of 
        commanders in the administration of military justice and the 
        investigation, prosecution, and adjudication of adult sexual 
        assault crimes.
            (H) An assessment of the adequacy of the systems and 
        procedures to support and protect victims in all phases of the 
        investigation, prosecution, and adjudication of adult sexual 
        assault crimes, including whether victims are provided the 
        rights afforded by section 3771 of title 18, United States 
        Code, Department of Defense Directive 1030.1, and Department of 
        Defense Instruction 1030.2.
            (I) Such other matters and materials the panel considers 
        appropriate.
        (2) Judicial proceedings panel.--The panel required by 
    subsection (a)(2) shall perform the following duties:
            (A) Assess and make recommendations for improvements in the 
        implementation of the reforms to the offenses relating to rape, 
        sexual assault, and other sexual misconduct under the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice that were enacted by section 541 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 
        (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1404).
            (B) Review and evaluate current trends in response to 
        sexual assault crimes whether by courts-martial proceedings, 
        non-judicial punishment and administrative actions, including 
        the number of punishments by type, and the consistency and 
        appropriateness of the decisions, punishments, and 
        administrative actions based on the facts of individual cases.
            (C) Identify any trends in punishments rendered by military 
        courts, including general, special, and summary courts-martial, 
        in response to sexual assault, including the number of 
        punishments by type, and the consistency of the punishments, 
        based on the facts of each case compared with the punishments 
        rendered by Federal and State criminal courts.
            (D) Review and evaluate court-martial convictions for 
        sexual assault in the year covered by the most-recent report 
        required by subsection (c)(2) and the number and description of 
        instances when punishments were reduced or set aside upon 
        appeal and the instances in which the defendant appealed 
        following a plea agreement, if such information is available.
            (E) Review and assess those instances in which prior sexual 
        conduct of the alleged victim was considered in a proceeding 
        under section 832 of title 10, United States Code (article 32 
        of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), and any instances in 
        which prior sexual conduct was determined to be inadmissible.
            (F) Review and assess those instances in which evidence of 
        prior sexual conduct of the alleged victim was introduced by 
        the defense in a court-martial and what impact that evidence 
        had on the case.
            (G) Building on the data compiled as a result of paragraph 
        (1)(D), assess the trends in the training and experience levels 
        of military defense and trial counsel in adult sexual assault 
        cases and the impact of those trends in the prosecution and 
        adjudication of such cases.
            (H) Monitor trends in the development, utilization and 
        effectiveness of the special victims capabilities required by 
        section 573 of this Act.
            (I) Monitor the implementation of the April 20, 2012, 
        Secretary of Defense policy memorandum regarding withholding 
        initial disposition authority under the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice in certain sexual assault cases.
            (J) Consider such other matters and materials as the panel 
        considers appropriate for purposes of the reports.
        (3) Utilization of other studies.--In conducting reviews and 
    assessments and preparing reports, a panel may review, and 
    incorporate as appropriate, the data and findings of applicable 
    ongoing and completed studies.
    (e) Authority of Panels.--
        (1) Hearings.--A panel may hold such hearings, sit and act at 
    such times and places, take such testimony, and receive such 
    evidence as the panel considers appropriate to carry out its duties 
    under this section.
        (2) Information from federal agencies.--Upon request by the 
    chair of a panel, a department or agency of the Federal Government 
    shall provide information that the panel considers necessary to 
    carry out its duties under this section.
    (f) Personnel Matters.--
        (1) Pay of members.--Members of a panel shall serve without pay 
    by reason of their work on the panel.
        (2) Travel expenses.--The members of a panel shall be allowed 
    travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at 
    rates authorized for employees of agencies under subchapter I of 
    chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, while away from their 
    homes or regular places of business in the performance or services 
    for the panel.
        (3) Staffing and resources.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
    provide staffing and resources to support the panels, except that 
    the Secretary may not assign primary responsibility for such 
    staffing and resources to the Sexual Assault Prevention and 
    Response Office.
    SEC. 577. RETENTION OF CERTAIN FORMS IN CONNECTION WITH RESTRICTED 
      REPORTS ON SEXUAL ASSAULT AT REQUEST OF THE MEMBER OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES MAKING THE REPORT.
    (a) Period of Retention.--At the request of a member of the Armed 
Forces who files a Restricted Report on an incident of sexual assault 
involving the member, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that all 
copies of Department of Defense Form 2910 and Department of Defense 
Form 2911 filed in connection with the Restricted Report be retained 
for the longer of--
        (1) 50 years commencing on the date of signature of the member 
    on Department of Defense Form 2910; or
        (2) the time provided for the retention of such forms in 
    connection with Unrestricted Reports on incidents of sexual assault 
    involving members of the Armed Forces under Department of Defense 
    Directive-Type Memorandum (DTM) 11-062, entitled ``Document 
    Retention in Cases of Restricted and Unrestricted Reports of Sexual 
    Assault'', or any successor directive or policy.
    (b) Protection of Confidentiality.--Any Department of Defense form 
retained under subsection (a) shall be retained in a manner that 
protects the confidentiality of the member of the Armed Forces 
concerned in accordance with procedures for the protection of 
confidentiality of information in Restricted Reports under Department 
of Defense memorandum JTF-SAPR-009, relating to the Department of 
Defense policy on confidentiality for victims of sexual assault, or any 
successor policy or directive.
    SEC. 578. GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER REVIEW OF AND CONCURRENCE IN 
      SEPARATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES MAKING AN UNRESTRICTED 
      REPORT OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.
    (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
policy to require a general officer or flag officer of the Armed Forces 
to review the circumstances of, and grounds for, the proposed 
involuntary separation of any member of the Armed Forces who--
        (1) made an Unrestricted Report of a sexual assault;
        (2) within one year after making the Unrestricted Report of a 
    sexual assault, is recommended for involuntary separation from the 
    Armed Forces; and
        (3) requests the review on the grounds that the member believes 
    the recommendation for involuntary separation from the Armed Forces 
    was initiated in retaliation for making the report.
    (b) Concurrence Required.--If a review is requested by a member of 
the Armed Forces as authorized by subsection (a), the concurrence of 
the general officer or flag officer conducting the review of the 
proposed involuntary separation of the member is required in order to 
separate the member.
    (c) Submission of Policy.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report containing the policy developed under 
subsection (a).
    (d) Application of Policy.--The policy developed under subsection 
(a) shall take effect on the date of the submission of the policy to 
Congress under subsection (c) and apply to members of the Armed Forces 
described in subsection (a) who are proposed to be involuntarily 
separated from the Armed Forces on or after that date.
    SEC. 579. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE POLICY AND PLAN FOR PREVENTION AND 
      RESPONSE TO SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Comprehensive Prevention and Response Policy.--
        (1) Policy required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
    comprehensive policy to prevent and respond to sexual harassment in 
    the Armed Forces. The policy shall provide for the following:
            (A) Training for members of the Armed Forces on the 
        prevention of sexual harassment.
            (B) Mechanisms for reporting incidents of sexual harassment 
        in the Armed Forces, including procedures for reporting 
        anonymously.
            (C) Mechanisms for responding to and resolving incidents of 
        alleged sexual harassment incidences involving members of the 
        Armed Forces, including through the prosecution of offenders.
        (2) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report setting forth the policy required by 
    paragraph (1).
        (3) Consultation.--The Secretary of Defense shall prepare the 
    policy and report required by this subsection in consultation with 
    the Secretaries of the military departments and the Equal 
    Opportunity Office of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Data Collection and Reporting Regarding Substantiated Incidents 
of Sexual Harassment.--
        (1) Plan required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
    plan to collect information and data regarding substantiated 
    incidents of sexual harassment involving members of the Armed 
    Forces. The plan shall specifically deal with the need to identify 
    cases in which a member is accused of multiple incidents of sexual 
    harassment.
        (2) Submission of plan.--Not later than June 1, 2013, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives the plan 
    developed under paragraph (1).
        (3) Reporting requirement.--As part of the reports required to 
    be submitted in 2014 under section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 
    124 Stat. 4433; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note), the Secretary of Defense 
    shall include information and data collected under the plan during 
    the preceding year regarding substantiated incidents of sexual 
    harassment involving members of the Armed Forces.

             Subtitle I--Suicide Prevention and Resilience

    SEC. 580. ENHANCEMENT OF OVERSIGHT AND MANAGEMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, establish 
within the Office of the Secretary of Defense a position with 
responsibility for oversight of all suicide prevention and resilience 
programs of the Department of Defense (including those of the military 
departments and the Armed Forces).
    (b) Scope of Responsibilities.--The individual serving in the 
position established under subsection (a) shall have the 
responsibilities as follows:
        (1) To establish a uniform definition of resiliency for use in 
    the suicide prevention and resilience programs and preventative 
    behavioral health programs of the Department of Defense (including 
    those of the military departments and the Armed Forces).
        (2) To oversee the implementation of the comprehensive policy 
    on the prevention of suicide among members of the Armed Forces 
    required by section 582.
    SEC. 581. RESERVE COMPONENT SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Codification, Transfer of Responsibility, and Extension.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 1007 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 10219. Suicide prevention and resilience program
    ``(a) Program Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish and carry out a program to provide members of the National 
Guard and Reserves and their families with training in suicide 
prevention, resilience, and community healing and response to suicide, 
including provision of such training at Yellow Ribbon Reintegration 
Program events and activities authorized under section 582 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (10 U.S.C. 
10101 note).
    ``(b) Suicide Prevention Training.--Under the program, the 
Secretary shall provide members of the National Guard and Reserves with 
training in suicide prevention. Such training may include--
        ``(1) describing the warning signs for suicide and teaching 
    effective strategies for prevention and intervention;
        ``(2) examining the influence of military culture on risk and 
    protective factors for suicide; and
        ``(3) engaging in interactive case scenarios and role plays to 
    practice effective intervention strategies.
    ``(c) Community Response Training.--Under the program, the 
Secretary shall provide the families and communities of members of the 
National Guard and Reserves with training in responses to suicide that 
promote individual and community healing. Such training may include--
        ``(1) enhancing collaboration among community members and local 
    service providers to create an integrated, coordinated community 
    response to suicide;
        ``(2) communicating best practices for preventing suicide, 
    including safe messaging, appropriate memorial services, and media 
    guidelines;
        ``(3) addressing the impact of suicide on the military and the 
    larger community, and the increased risk that can result; and
        ``(4) managing resources to assist key community and military 
    service providers in helping the families, friends, and fellow 
    servicemembers of a suicide victim through the processes of 
    grieving and healing.
    ``(d) Community Training Assistance.--The program shall include the 
provision of assistance with such training to the local communities of 
those servicemembers and families, to be provided in coordination with 
local community programs.
    ``(e) Collaboration.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
shall collect and analyze `lessons learned' and suggestions from State 
National Guard and Reserve organizations with existing or developing 
suicide prevention and community response programs.
    ``(f) Termination.--The program under this section shall terminate 
on October 1, 2017.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 1007 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
    following new item:

``10219. Suicide prevention and resilience program.''.

    (b) Repeal of Superseded Provision.--Subsection (i) of section 582 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public 
Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is repealed.
    SEC. 582. COMPREHENSIVE POLICY ON PREVENTION OF SUICIDE AMONG 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Comprehensive Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness, develop within the Department of Defense a comprehensive 
policy on the prevention of suicide among members of the Armed Forces. 
In developing the policy, the Secretary shall consider recommendations 
from the operational elements of the Armed Forces regarding the 
feasibility of the implementation and execution of particular elements 
of the policy.
    (b) Elements.--The policy required by subsection (a) shall cover 
each of the following:
        (1) Increased awareness among members of the Armed Forces about 
    mental health conditions and the stigma associated with mental 
    health conditions and mental health care.
        (2) The means of identifying members who are at risk for 
    suicide (including enhanced means for early identification and 
    treatment of such members).
        (3) The continuous access by members to suicide prevention 
    services, including suicide crisis services.
        (4) The means to evaluate and assess the effectiveness of the 
    suicide prevention and resilience programs and preventative 
    behavioral health programs of the Department of Defense (including 
    those of the military departments and the Armed Forces), including 
    the development of metrics for that purpose.
        (5) The means to evaluate and assess the current diagnostic 
    tools and treatment methods in the programs referred to in 
    paragraph (4) to ensure clinical best practices are used in such 
    programs.
        (6) The standard of care for suicide prevention to be used 
    throughout the Department.
        (7) The training of mental health care providers on suicide 
    prevention.
        (8) The training standards for behavioral health care providers 
    to ensure that such providers receive training on clinical best 
    practices and evidence-based treatments as information on such 
    practices and treatments becomes available.
        (9) The integration of mental health screenings and suicide 
    risk and prevention for members into the delivery of primary care 
    for such members.
        (10) The standards for responding to attempted or completed 
    suicides among members, including guidance and training to assist 
    commanders in addressing incidents of attempted or completed 
    suicide within their units.
        (11) The means to ensure the protection of the privacy of 
    members seeking or receiving treatment relating to suicide.
        (12) Such other matters as the Secretary considers appropriate 
    in connection with the prevention of suicide among members.
    SEC. 583. STUDY OF RESILIENCE PROGRAMS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMY.
    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall conduct a 
study of resilience programs within the Army for the purpose of 
assessing the effectiveness of the current Comprehensive Soldier and 
Family Fitness (CSF2) Program of the Army, while verifying the current 
means of the Army to reduce trends in high risk or self-destructive 
behavior and to prepare members of the Army to manage stressful or 
traumatic situations by training members in resilience strategies and 
techniques.
    (b) Elements.--In conducting the study, the Secretary of the Army 
shall determine the effectiveness and quality of training under the 
Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness program in--
        (1) enhancing individual performance through resiliency 
    techniques and use of positive and sports psychology; and
        (2) identifying and responding to early signs of high-risk 
    behavior in members of the Army.
    (c) Use of Science-based Evidence and Techniques.--In conducting 
the study, the Secretary of the Army shall utilize scientific evidence, 
including professionally accepted measurements and assessments, to 
evaluate those interventions that show positive results and those 
interventions that have no impact.
    (d) Duration of Study.--The study shall be conducted through 
September 30, 2014.
    (e) Report on Study Results.--Not later than October 31, 2014, the 
Secretary of the Army shall submit to the Committees on Armed Forces of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing the 
results of the study. The report shall include the following:
        (1) A description of the trends in high risk or self-
    destructive behavior among members of the Army.
        (2) A description and measurements of the effectiveness of 
    Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness Program training in 
    enhancing individual performance through resiliency techniques, 
    utilization of positive psychology.
        (3) Such recommendations or other information as the Secretary 
    considers appropriate.

                       Subtitle J--Other Matters

    SEC. 584. ISSUANCE OF PRISONER-OF-WAR MEDAL.
    Section 1128 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by inserting ``or'' at the end of paragraph (2);
            (B) by striking ``; or'' at the end of paragraph (3) and 
        inserting a period; and
            (C) by striking paragraph (4);
        (2) by redesignating subsections (b) through (h) as subsections 
    (c) through (i), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
    subsection (b):
    ``(b) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense, the Secretary concerned may issue a prisoner-of-war medal to 
any person who, while serving in any capacity with the armed forces, 
was held captive under circumstances not covered by paragraph (1), (2), 
or (3) of subsection (a), but which the Secretary concerned finds were 
comparable to those circumstances under which persons have generally 
been held captive by enemy armed forces during periods of armed 
conflict.''.
    SEC. 585. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS RELATING TO THE TERMINATION OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES INSTITUTE OF PATHOLOGY UNDER DEFENSE BASE CLOSURE 
      AND REALIGNMENT.
    Section 177 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking ``those professional societies'' and 
            all that follows through ``the Armed Forces Institute of 
            Pathology'' and inserting ``the professional societies and 
            organizations that support the activities of the American 
            Registry of Pathology''; and
                (ii) by striking the second sentence; and
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``with the concurrence of 
        the Director of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (1); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5) as 
        paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4), respectively; and
        (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``to the Director'' and all 
    that follows through ``it deems desirable,'' and inserting 
    ``annually to its Board and supporting organizations referred to in 
    subsection (a)(2)''.
    SEC. 586. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR REPORTS IN FEDERAL 
      REGISTER ON INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION INELIGIBLE FOR 
      CONTRACTS AND GRANTS FOR DENIAL OF ROTC OR MILITARY RECRUITER 
      ACCESS TO CAMPUS.
    Section 983 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
subsection (f).
    SEC. 587. ACCEPTANCE OF GIFTS AND SERVICES RELATED TO EDUCATIONAL 
      ACTIVITIES AND VOLUNTARY SERVICES TO ACCOUNT FOR MISSING PERSONS.
    (a) Activities Benefitting Education as Services Eligible for 
Acceptance.--Section 2601(i)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting ``education,'' before ``morale,''.
    (b) Acceptance of Voluntary Services Related to Accounting for 
Missing Persons.--Section 1588(a) of such title is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(9) Voluntary services to facilitate accounting for missing 
    persons.''.
    SEC. 588. DISPLAY OF STATE, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, COMMONWEALTH, AND 
      TERRITORIAL FLAGS BY THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Display.--Subsection (a) of section 2249b of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Display of Flags by Armed Forces.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that, whenever the official flags of all 50 States are 
displayed by the armed forces, such display shall include the flags of 
the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United 
States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of 
the Northern Mariana Islands.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is amended to 
    read as follows:
``Sec. 2249b. Display of State, District of Columbia, commonwealth, and 
     territorial flags by the armed forces''.
        (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 134 of such title is amended by striking the item 
    relating to section 2249b and inserting the following new item:

``2249b. Display of State, District of Columbia, commonwealth, and 
          territorial flags by the armed forces.''.
    SEC. 589. ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES ON ADMISSION OF DEFENSE 
      INDUSTRY CIVILIANS TO CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATIONAL 
      INSTITUTIONS AND PROGRAMS.
    (a) Navy Defense Product Development Program.--Section 7049(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the second sentence, by inserting ``or professional 
    continuing education certificate'' after ``master's degree''; and
        (2) in the last sentence, by inserting before the period at the 
    end the following: ``or an appropriate professional continuing 
    education certificate, as applicable''.
    (b) United States Air Force Institute of Technology.--Section 
9314a(a) of such title is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or professional continuing 
    education certificate'' after ``graduate degree''; and
        (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting before the period at the end 
    the following: ``or an appropriate professional continuing 
    education certificate, as applicable''.
    (c) Request for Increase in Number of Defense Industry Civilians 
Authorized for Admission.--If the Secretary of Defense determines that 
it is in the best interest of the Department of Defense to increase the 
maximum number of defense industry employees authorized to be enrolled 
in the Naval Defense Development Program or the Air Force Institute of 
Technology at any one time, as specified in sections 7049(a) and 
9314a(a) of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a request for such an increase, including draft 
legislation to effectuate the increase.
    SEC. 590. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES TO CARRY OUT A PROGRAM OF 
      REFERRAL AND COUNSELING SERVICES TO VETERANS AT RISK OF 
      HOMELESSNESS WHO ARE TRANSITIONING FROM CERTAIN INSTITUTIONS.
    Section 2023(d) of title 38, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2012'' and inserting ``September 30, 2013''.
    SEC. 591. INSPECTION OF MILITARY CEMETERIES UNDER THE JURISDICTION 
      OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) DOD Inspector General Inspection of Arlington National Cemetery 
and United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery.--
Section 1(d) of Public Law 111-339 (124 Stat. 3592) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The Secretary'' in the 
    first sentence and inserting ``Subject to paragraph (2), the 
    Secretary''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following new 
    sentence: ``However, in the case of the report required to be 
    submitted during 2013, the assessment described in paragraph (1) 
    shall be conducted, and the report shall be prepared and submitted, 
    by the Inspector General of the Department of Defense instead of 
    the Secretary of the Army.''.
    (b) Time for Submission of Report and Plan of Action Regarding 
Inspection of Cemeteries at Military Installations.--Section 592(d)(2) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public 
Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1443) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``December 31, 2012'' and inserting ``June 29, 
    2013''; and
        (2) by striking ``April 1, 2013'' and inserting ``October 1, 
    2013''.
    SEC. 592. REPORT ON RESULTS OF INVESTIGATIONS AND REVIEWS CONDUCTED 
      WITH RESPECT TO PORT MORTUARY DIVISION OF THE AIR FORCE MORTUARY 
      AFFAIRS OPERATIONS CENTER AT DOVER AIR FORCE BASE.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report of the investigations and reviews that were 
conducted with respect to the improper handling and preparation of the 
remains of deceased members of the Armed Forces and civilians at the 
Port Mortuary Division of the Air Force Mortuary Affairs Operations 
Center at Dover Air Force Base. The investigations and reviews 
considered shall include--
        (1) the 436th Air Wing Inspector General review;
        (2) the Air Force Office of Special Investigations report;
        (3) the Air Force Office of Inspector General investigation;
        (4) the Office of Special Counsel review;
        (5) the Defense Health Board's Dover Port Mortuary Independent 
    Review Subcommittee report; and
        (6) any other reviews or investigations of operations at Dover 
    Port Mortuary that have been conducted since January 1, 2011.
    (b) Elements of Report.--The report shall--
        (1) summarize and evaluate the recommendations made, and the 
    actions undertaken, as a result of the investigations and reviews, 
    and the current status of implementation of such recommendations 
    and actions; and
        (2) provide any additional recommendations for improvement of 
    operations at Dover Port Mortuary, including any best practices for 
    casualty notification, family support, and mortuary affairs 
    operations.
    SEC. 593. PRESERVATION OF EDITORIAL INDEPENDENCE OF STARS AND 
      STRIPES.
    (a) Maintenance of Geographic Separation.--To preserve the actual 
and perceived editorial and management independence of the Stars and 
Stripes newspaper, the Secretary of Defense shall extend the lease for 
the commercial office space in the District of Columbia currently 
occupied by the editorial and management operations of the Stars and 
Stripes newspaper until such time as the Secretary provides space and 
information technology and other support for such operations in a 
Government-owned facility in the National Capital Region geographically 
remote from facilities of the Defense Media Activity at Fort Meade, 
Maryland.
    (b) Implementation Report.--Not later than February 1, 2013, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report describing the 
implementation of subsection (a).
    SEC. 594. NATIONAL PUBLIC AWARENESS AND PARTICIPATION CAMPAIGN FOR 
      VETERANS' HISTORY PROJECT OF AMERICAN FOLKLIFE CENTER.
    (a) In General.--The Director of the American Folklife Center at 
the Library of Congress shall carry out a national public awareness and 
participation campaign for the program required by section 3(a) of the 
Veterans' Oral History Project Act (20 U.S.C. 2142(a)). Such campaign 
shall provide for the following:
        (1) Encouraging the people of the United States, veterans 
    organizations, community groups, and national organizations to 
    participate in such program.
        (2) Ensuring greater awareness and participation throughout the 
    United States in such program.
        (3) Providing meaningful opportunities for learning about the 
    experiences of veterans.
        (4) Complementing the efforts supporting the readjustment and 
    successful reintegration of veterans into civilian life after 
    service in the Armed Forces.
    (b) Coordination and Cooperation.--To the degree practicable, the 
Director shall, in carrying out the campaign required by subsection 
(a), coordinate and cooperate with veterans service organizations.
    (c) Veterans Service Organization Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``veterans service organization'' means any organization 
recognized by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs for the representation 
of veterans under section 5902 of title 38, United States Code.
    SEC. 595. REPORT ON ACCURACY OF DATA IN THE DEFENSE ENROLLMENT 
      ELIGIBILITY REPORTING SYSTEM.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a plan to 
improve the completeness and accuracy of the data contained in the 
Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System (DEERS) in order--
        (1) to provide for the standardization of identification 
    credentials required for eligibility, enrollment, transactions, and 
    updates across all Department of Defense installations; and
        (2) to ensure that persons issued military identification cards 
    and receiving benefits based on DEERS data are actually eligible 
    for such cards and benefits.
    SEC. 596. SENSE OF CONGRESS THAT THE BUGLE CALL COMMONLY KNOWN AS 
      TAPS SHOULD BE DESIGNATED AS THE NATIONAL SONG OF MILITARY 
      REMEMBRANCE.
    It is the sense of Congress that the bugle call commonly known as 
``Taps'' should be designated as the National Song of Military 
Remembrance.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Fiscal year 2013 increase in military basic pay.
Sec. 602. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
          of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 603. Basic allowance for housing for two-member couples when one 
          member is on sea duty.
Sec. 604. Rates of basic allowance for housing for members performing 
          active Guard and Reserve duty.
Sec. 605. Payment of benefit for nonparticipation of eligible members in 
          Post-Deployment/Mobilization Respite Absence program due to 
          Government error.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
          nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
          consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
          authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
          title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Increase in maximum amount of officer affiliation bonus for 
          officers in the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 617. Increase in maximum amount of incentive bonus for reserve 
          component members who convert military occupational specialty 
          to ease personnel shortages.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Permanent change of station allowances for members of Selected 
          Reserve units filling a vacancy in another unit after being 
          involuntarily separated.
Sec. 622. Authority for comprehensive program for space-available travel 
          on Department of Defense aircraft.

    Subtitle D--Benefits and Services for Members Being Separated or 
                           Recently Separated

Sec. 631. Extension of authority to provide two years of commissary and 
          exchange benefits after separation.
Sec. 632. Transitional use of military family housing.

       Subtitle E--Disability, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 641. Repeal of requirement for payment of Survivor Benefit Plan 
          premiums when participant waives retired pay to provide a 
          survivor annuity under Federal Employees Retirement System and 
          terminating payment of the Survivor Benefit Plan annuity.
Sec. 642. Repeal of automatic enrollment in Family Servicemembers' Group 
          Life Insurance for members of the Armed Forces married to 
          other members.
Sec. 643. Clarification of computation of combat-related special 
          compensation for chapter 61 disability retirees.

Subtitle F--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality Benefits 
                             and Operations

Sec. 651. Repeal of certain recordkeeping and reporting requirements 
          applicable to commissary and exchange stores overseas.
Sec. 652. Treatment of Fisher House for the Families of the Fallen and 
          Meditation Pavilion at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware, as a 
          Fisher House.

                      Subtitle G--Military Lending

Sec. 661. Additional enhancements of protections on consumer credit for 
          members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.
Sec. 662. Effect of violations of protections on consumer credit 
          extended to members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.
Sec. 663. Consistent definition of dependent for purposes of applying 
          limitations on terms of consumer credit extended to certain 
          members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.

     Subtitle H--Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization 
                               Commission

Sec. 671. Purpose, scope, and definitions.
Sec. 672. Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission.
Sec. 673. Commission hearings and meetings.
Sec. 674. Principles and procedure for Commission recommendations.
Sec. 675. Consideration of Commission recommendations by the President.
Sec. 676. Executive Director.
Sec. 677. Staff.
Sec. 678. Judicial review precluded.
Sec. 679. Termination.
Sec. 680. Funding.

                        Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 681. Equal treatment for members of Coast Guard Reserve called to 
          active duty under title 14, United States Code.
Sec. 682. Report regarding Department of Veterans Affairs claims process 
          transformation plan.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

    SEC. 601. FISCAL YEAR 2013 INCREASE IN MILITARY BASIC PAY.
    (a) Waiver of Section 1009 Adjustment.--The adjustment to become 
effective during fiscal year 2013 required by section 1009 of title 37, 
United States Code, in the rates of monthly basic pay authorized 
members of the uniformed services shall not be made.
    (b) Increase in Basic Pay.--Effective on January 1, 2013, the rates 
of monthly basic pay for members of the uniformed services are 
increased by 1.7 percent.
    SEC. 602. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TEMPORARY INCREASE IN 
      RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES.
    Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2012'' and inserting ``December 31, 2013''.
    SEC. 603. BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING FOR TWO-MEMBER COUPLES WHEN 
      ONE MEMBER IS ON SEA DUTY.
    (a) In General.--Subparagraph (C) of section 403(f)(2) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(C) Notwithstanding section 421 of this title, a member of a 
uniformed service in a pay grade below pay grade E-6 who is assigned to 
sea duty and is married to another member of a uniformed service is 
entitled to a basic allowance for housing subject to the limitations of 
subsection (e).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on January 1, 2013.
    SEC. 604. RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING FOR MEMBERS 
      PERFORMING ACTIVE GUARD AND RESERVE DUTY.
    (a) Treatment of Active Guard and Reserve Duty.--Section 403(g) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
    ``(6)(A) This paragraph applies with respect to a member of a 
reserve component who performs active Guard and Reserve duty (as 
defined in section 101(d)(6) of title 10).
    ``(B) The rate of basic allowance for housing to be paid to a 
member described in subparagraph (A) shall be based on the member's 
permanent duty station, even during instances in which the member is 
mobilized for service on active duty other than active Guard and 
Reserve duty.
    ``(C)(i) During transitions in service status from active Guard and 
Reserve duty to other active duty and back to active Guard and Reserve 
duty, or following the start of new periods of service resulting from a 
change in orders, a member described in subparagraph (A) shall be 
considered as retaining uninterrupted eligibility to receive a basic 
allowance for housing in an area as provided for under subsections 
(b)(6) and (c)(2) so long as the member remains on active duty without 
a break in service.
    ``(ii) Clause (i) does not apply if the member's permanent duty 
station changes as a result of orders directing a permanent change in 
station with the authority for the movement of household goods.
    ``(iii) For purposes of clause (i), a break in active service 
occurs when one or more calendar days between active service periods do 
not qualify as active service.
    ``(D) Subsections (d)(3) and (o) also apply to a member described 
in subparagraph (A).''.
    (b) Transitional Provisions.--
        (1) In general.--The basic allowance for housing paid to a 
    member of a reserve component described in subparagraph (A) of 
    paragraph (6) of section 403(g) of title 37, United States Code, as 
    added by subsection (a), who on the date of the enactment of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 is being 
    paid basic allowance for housing at a rate that is based on a 
    housing area other than the member's permanent duty station, shall 
    be paid at that current rate until the member is assigned to 
    perform duty at the member's permanent duty station, at which time 
    the member shall be paid basic allowance for housing at the 
    prevailing permanent duty station housing area rate or at the 
    permanent duty station housing rate for which the member has 
    qualified under such paragraph (6).
        (2) Alternative rate.--The Secretary of a military department, 
    with the approval of the Secretary of Defense, may pay a member 
    covered by paragraph (1) and under the jurisdiction of that 
    Secretary a basic allowance for housing at a rate higher than the 
    rate provided under such paragraph to ensure that the member is 
    treated fairly and equitably or to serve the best interests of the 
    United States.
    SEC. 605. PAYMENT OF BENEFIT FOR NONPARTICIPATION OF ELIGIBLE 
      MEMBERS IN POST-DEPLOYMENT/MOBILIZATION RESPITE ABSENCE PROGRAM 
      DUE TO GOVERNMENT ERROR.
    (a) Payment of Benefit.--
        (1) In general.--Upon application, the Secretary concerned 
    shall make a payment to each individual described in paragraph (2) 
    of $200 for each day of nonparticipation of such individual in the 
    Post-Deployment/Mobilization Respite Absence program as described 
    in that paragraph.
        (2) Covered individuals.--An individual described in this 
    paragraph is an individual who--
            (A) was eligible for participation as a member of the Armed 
        Forces in the Post-Deployment/Mobilization Respite Absence 
        program; but
            (B) as determined by the Secretary concerned pursuant to an 
        application for the correction of the military records of such 
        individual pursuant to section 1552 of title 10, United States 
        Code, or other process as determined by the Secretary, did not 
        participate in one or more days in the program for which the 
        individual was so eligible due to Government error.
    (b) Deceased Individuals.--
        (1) Applications.--If an individual otherwise covered by 
    subsection (a) is deceased, the application required by that 
    subsection shall be made by the individual's legal representative.
        (2) Payment.--If an individual to whom payment would be made 
    under subsection (a) is deceased at time of payment, payment shall 
    be made in the manner specified in section 1552(c)(2) of title 10, 
    United States Code, or other process as determined by the Secretary 
    concerned.
    (c) Payment in Lieu of Administrative Absence.--Payment under 
subsection (a) with respect to a day described in that subsection shall 
be in lieu of any entitlement of the individual concerned to a day of 
administrative absence for such day.
    (d) Construction.--
        (1) Construction with other pay.--Any payment with respect to 
    an individual under subsection (a) is in addition to any other pay 
    provided by law.
        (2) Construction of authority.--It is the sense of Congress 
    that--
            (A) the sole purpose of the authority in this section is to 
        remedy administrative errors; and
            (B) the authority in this section is not intended to 
        establish any entitlement in connection with the Post-
        Deployment/Mobilization Respite Absence program.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``Post-Deployment/
Mobilization Respite Absence program'' and ``Secretary concerned'' have 
the meaning given such terms in section 604(f) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 
2350).

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

    SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
      AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.
    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2012'' and inserting ``December 31, 2013'':
        (1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve reenlistment 
    bonus.
        (2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve affiliation 
    or enlistment bonus.
        (3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for enlisted 
    members assigned to certain high-priority units.
        (4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
    bonus for persons without prior service.
        (5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment and 
    reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
        (6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve enlistment 
    and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
        (7) Section 408a(e), relating to reimbursement of travel 
    expenses for inactive-duty training outside of normal commuting 
    distance.
        (8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement payments for 
    reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
    mobilization for active duty service.
    SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
      AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.
    (a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 10, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2012'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2013'':
        (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer candidate 
    accession program.
        (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education loans 
    for certain health professionals who serve in the Selected Reserve.
    (b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 37, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2012'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2013'':
        (1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and retention 
    bonuses for psychologists.
        (2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
    registered nurses.
        (3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive special pay for 
    nurse anesthetists.
        (4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for Selected 
    Reserve health professionals in critically short wartime 
    specialties.
        (5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for dental 
    officers.
        (6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus for pharmacy 
    officers.
        (7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus for medical 
    officers in critically short wartime specialties.
        (8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus for dental 
    specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties.
    SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES 
      FOR NUCLEAR OFFICERS.
    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2012'' and inserting ``December 31, 2013'':
        (1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for nuclear-
    qualified officers extending period of active service.
        (2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career accession 
    bonus.
        (3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career annual 
    incentive bonus.
    SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 37 
      CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, AND BONUS AUTHORITIES.
    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2012'' and inserting ``December 31, 2013'':
        (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
    enlisted members.
        (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
    officers.
        (3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and incentive pay 
    authorities for nuclear officers.
        (4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive pay 
    and bonus authorities for officers.
        (5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive pay 
    authorities for officers in health professions.
        (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
        (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special duty 
    pay.
        (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
    proficiency bonus.
        (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
    members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to high 
    priority units.
    SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PAYMENT OF 
      OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.
    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2012'' and inserting ``December 31, 2013'':
        (1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer retention 
    bonus.
        (2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment incentive pay.
        (3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus for active 
    members.
        (4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
        (5) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for new 
    officers in critical skills.
        (6) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for conversion 
    to military occupational specialty to ease personnel shortage.
        (7) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for transfer 
    between armed forces.
        (8) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for officer 
    candidates.
    SEC. 616. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF OFFICER AFFILIATION BONUS 
      FOR OFFICERS IN THE SELECTED RESERVE.
    Section 308j(d) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$10,000'' and inserting ``$20,000''.
    SEC. 617. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF INCENTIVE BONUS FOR RESERVE 
      COMPONENT MEMBERS WHO CONVERT MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTY TO 
      EASE PERSONNEL SHORTAGES.
    Section 326(c)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$4,000, in the case of a member of a regular component of 
the armed forces, and $2,000, in the case of a member of a reserve 
component of the armed forces.'' and inserting ``$4,000.''.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

    SEC. 621. PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION ALLOWANCES FOR MEMBERS OF 
      SELECTED RESERVE UNITS FILLING A VACANCY IN ANOTHER UNIT AFTER 
      BEING INVOLUNTARILY SEPARATED.
    (a) Travel and Transportation Allowances Generally.--Section 474 of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(6) upon filling a vacancy in a Selected Reserve unit at a 
    duty station that is more than 150 miles from the member's 
    residence if--
            ``(A) during the preceding three years the member was 
        involuntarily separated under other than adverse conditions (as 
        characterized by the Secretary concerned) while assigned to a 
        unit of the Selected Reserve certified by the Secretary 
        concerned as having been adversely affected by force structure 
        reductions during the period beginning on October 1, 2012, and 
        ending on December 31, 2018;
            ``(B) the involuntary separation occurred during the period 
        beginning on October 1, 2012, and ending on December 31, 2018; 
        and
            ``(C) the member is--
                ``(i) qualified in a skill designated as critically 
            short by the Secretary concerned; or
                ``(ii) filling a vacancy in a Selected Reserve unit 
            with a critical manpower shortage, or in a pay grade with a 
            critical manpower shortage in such unit.'';
        (2) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(4)(A) A member may be provided travel and transportation 
allowances under subsection (a)(6) only with respect to the filling of 
a vacancy in a Selected Reserve unit one time.
    ``(B) Regulations under this section shall provide that whenever 
travel and transportation allowances are paid under subsection (a)(6), 
the cost shall be borne by the unit filling the vacancy.''; and
        (3) in subsection (j), by inserting ``(except subsection 
    (a)(6))'' after ``In this section''.
    (b) Travel and Transportation Allowances for Dependents and 
Household Effects.--Section 476 of such title is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (l), (m), and (n) as 
    subsections (m), (n), and (o), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (k) the following new 
    subsection (l):
    ``(l)(1) A member described in paragraph (2) is entitled to the 
travel and transportation allowances, including allowances with respect 
to dependents, authorized by this section upon filling a vacancy as 
described in that paragraph as if the member were undergoing a 
permanent change of station under orders in filling such vacancy.
    ``(2) A member described in this paragraph is a member who is 
filling a vacancy in a Selected Reserve unit at a duty station that is 
more than 150 miles from the member's residence if--
        ``(A) during the three years preceding filling the vacancy, the 
    member was involuntarily separated under other than adverse 
    conditions (as characterized by the Secretary concerned) while 
    assigned to a unit of the Selected Reserve certified by the 
    Secretary concerned as having been adversely affected by force 
    structure reductions during the period beginning on October 1, 
    2012, and ending on December 31, 2018;
        ``(B) the involuntary separation occurred during the period 
    beginning on October 1, 2012, and ending on December 31, 2018; and
        ``(C) the member is--
            ``(i) qualified in a skill designated as critically short 
        by the Secretary concerned; or
            ``(ii) filling a vacancy in a Selected Reserve unit with a 
        critical manpower shortage, or in a pay grade with a critical 
        manpower shortage in such unit.
    ``(3) Any allowances authorized by this section that are payable 
under this subsection may be payable in advance if payable in advance 
to a member undergoing a permanent change of station under orders under 
the applicable provision of this section.''.
    SEC. 622. AUTHORITY FOR COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAM FOR SPACE-AVAILABLE 
      TRAVEL ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Program Authorized.--Section 2641b of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2641b. Space-available travel on Department of Defense aircraft: 
     program authorized and eligible recipients
    ``(a) Authority to Establish Program.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
may establish a program (in this section referred to as the `travel 
program') to provide transportation on Department of Defense aircraft 
on a space-available basis to the categories of individuals eligible 
under subsection (c).
    ``(2) If the Secretary makes a determination to establish the 
travel program, the Secretary shall prescribe regulations for the 
operation of the travel program not later than one year after the date 
on which the determination was made. The regulations shall take effect 
on that date or such earlier date as the Secretary shall specify in the 
regulations.
    ``(3) Not later than 30 days after making the determination to 
establish the travel program, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an initial implementation report 
describing--
        ``(A) the basis for the determination;
        ``(B) any additional categories of individuals to be eligible 
    for the travel program under subsection (c)(5);
        ``(C) how the Secretary will ensure that the travel program is 
    established and operated in compliance with the conditions 
    specified in subsection (b); and
        ``(D) the metrics by which the Secretary will monitor the 
    travel program to determine the efficient and effective execution 
    of the travel program.
    ``(b) Conditions on Establishment and Operation.--(1) The Secretary 
of Defense shall operate the travel program in a budget-neutral manner.
    ``(2) No additional funds may be used, or flight hours performed, 
for the purpose of providing transportation under the travel program.
    ``(c) Eligible Individuals.--Subject to subsection (d), the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide transportation under the travel 
program (if established) to the following categories of individuals:
        ``(1) Members of the armed forces on active duty.
        ``(2) Members of the Selected Reserve who hold a valid 
    Uniformed Services Identification and Privilege Card.
        ``(3) Retired members of a regular or reserve component of the 
    armed forces, including retired members of reserve components who, 
    but for being under the eligibility age applicable under section 
    12731 of this title, would be eligible for retired pay under 
    chapter 1223 of this title.
        ``(4) Such categories of dependents of individuals described in 
    paragraphs (1) through (3) as the Secretary shall specify in the 
    regulations under subsection (a), under such conditions and 
    circumstances as the Secretary shall specify in such regulations.
        ``(5) Such other categories of individuals as the Secretary, in 
    the discretion of the Secretary, considers appropriate.
    ``(d) Priorities and Restrictions.--In operating the travel 
program, the Secretary of Defense shall--
        ``(1) in the sole discretion of the Secretary, establish an 
    order of priority for transportation under the travel program for 
    categories of eligible individuals that is based on considerations 
    of military necessity, humanitarian concerns, and enhancement of 
    morale;
        ``(2) give priority in consideration of transportation under 
    the travel program to the demands of members of the armed forces in 
    the regular components and in the reserve components on active duty 
    and to the need to provide such members, and their dependents, a 
    means of respite from such demands; and
        ``(3) implement policies aimed at ensuring cost control (as 
    required by subsection (b)) and the safety, security, and efficient 
    processing of travelers, including limiting the benefit under the 
    travel program to one or more categories of otherwise eligible 
    individuals if considered necessary by the Secretary.
    ``(e) Special Priority for Retired Members Residing in 
Commonwealths and Possessions of the United States Who Need Certain 
Health Care Services.--(1) Notwithstanding subsection (d)(1), in 
establishing space-available transportation priorities under the travel 
program, the Secretary of Defense shall provide transportation for an 
individual described in paragraph (2), and a single dependent of the 
individual if needed to accompany the individual, at a priority level 
in the same category as the priority level for an unaccompanied 
dependent over the age of 18 traveling on environmental and morale 
leave.
    ``(2) Subject to paragraph (3), paragraph (1) applies with respect 
to an individual described in subsection (c)(3) who--
        ``(A) resides in or is located in a Commonwealth or possession 
    of the United States; and
        ``(B) is referred by a military or civilian primary care 
    provider located in that Commonwealth or possession to a specialty 
    care provider for services to be provided outside of that 
    Commonwealth or possession.
    ``(3) If an individual described in subsection (c)(3) is a retired 
member of a reserve component who is ineligible for retired pay under 
chapter 1223 of this title by reason of being under the eligibility age 
applicable under section 12731 of this title, paragraph (1) applies to 
the individual only if the individual is also enrolled in the TRICARE 
program for certain members of the Retired Reserve authorized under 
section 1076e of this title.
    ``(4) The priority for space-available transportation required by 
this subsection applies with respect to both--
        ``(A) the travel from the Commonwealth or possession of the 
    United States to receive the specialty care services; and
        ``(B) the return travel.
    ``(5) The requirement to provide transportation on Department of 
Defense aircraft on a space-available basis on the priority basis 
described in paragraph (1) to individuals covered by this subsection 
applies whether or not the travel program is established under this 
section.
    ``(6) In this subsection, the terms `primary care provider' and 
`specialty care provider' refer to a medical or dental professional who 
provides health care services under chapter 55 of this title.
    ``(f) Construction.--The authority to provide transportation under 
the travel program is in addition to any other authority under law to 
provide transportation on Department of Defense aircraft on a space-
available basis.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 157 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 2641b and inserting the following new item:

``2641b. Space-available travel on Department of Defense aircraft: 
          program authorized and eligible recipients.''.

   Subtitle D--Benefits and Services for Members Being Separated or 
                           Recently Separated

    SEC. 631. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TWO YEARS OF COMMISSARY 
      AND EXCHANGE BENEFITS AFTER SEPARATION.
    (a) Extension of Authority.--Section 1146 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''; and
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2018''.
    (b) Correction of Reference to Administering Secretary.--Such 
section is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``The Secretary of 
    Transportation'' and inserting ``The Secretary concerned''; and
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``The Secretary of Homeland 
    Security'' and inserting ``The Secretary concerned''.
    SEC. 632. TRANSITIONAL USE OF MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING.
    (a) Resumption of Authority to Authorize Transitional Use.--
Subsection (a) of section 1147 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``October 1, 1990, and ending 
    on December 31, 2001'' and inserting ``October 1, 2012, and ending 
    on December 31, 2018''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``October 1, 1994, and ending 
    on December 31, 2001'' and inserting ``October 1, 2012, and ending 
    on December 31, 2018''.
    (b) Prohibition on Provision of Transitional Basic Allowance for 
Housing.--Such section is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(c) No Transitional Basic Allowance for Housing.--Nothing in this 
section shall be construed to authorize the Secretary concerned to 
continue to provide for any period of time to an individual who is 
involuntarily separated all or any portion of a basic allowance for 
housing to which the individual was entitled under section 403 of title 
37 immediately before being involuntarily separated, even in cases in 
which the individual or members of the individual's household continue 
to reside after the separation in a housing unit acquired or 
constructed under the alternative authority of subchapter IV of chapter 
169 of this title that is not owned or leased by the United States.''.
    (c) Correction of Reference to Administering Secretary.--Subsection 
(a)(2) of such section is further amended by striking ``The Secretary 
of Transportation'' and inserting ``The Secretary concerned''.

       Subtitle E--Disability, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

    SEC. 641. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR PAYMENT OF SURVIVOR BENEFIT 
      PLAN PREMIUMS WHEN PARTICIPANT WAIVES RETIRED PAY TO PROVIDE A 
      SURVIVOR ANNUITY UNDER FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM AND 
      TERMINATING PAYMENT OF THE SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN ANNUITY.
    (a) Deposits Not Required.--Section 1452(e) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and FERS'' after 
    ``CSRS'';
        (2) by inserting ``or chapter 84 of such title'' after 
    ``chapter 83 of title 5'';
        (3) by inserting ``or 8416(a)'' after ``8339(j)''; and
        (4) by inserting ``or 8442(a)'' after ``8341(b)''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1450(d) of such title is 
amended--
        (1) by inserting ``or chapter 84 of such title'' after 
    ``chapter 83 of title 5'';
        (2) by inserting ``or 8416(a)'' after ``8339(j)''; and
        (3) by inserting ``or 8442(a)'' after ``8341(b)''.
    (c) Application of Amendments.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply with respect to any participant electing an annuity for 
survivors under chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, on or after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 642. REPEAL OF AUTOMATIC ENROLLMENT IN FAMILY SERVICEMEMBERS' 
      GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES MARRIED TO 
      OTHER MEMBERS.
    Section 1967(a)(1) of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by inserting after ``insurable 
    dependent of the member'' the following: ``(other than a dependent 
    who is also a member of a uniformed service and, because of such 
    membership, is automatically insured under this paragraph)''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (C)(ii), by inserting after ``insurable 
    dependent of the member'' the following: ``(other than a dependent 
    who is also a member of a uniformed service and, because of such 
    membership, is automatically insured under this paragraph)''.
    SEC. 643. CLARIFICATION OF COMPUTATION OF COMBAT-RELATED SPECIAL 
      COMPENSATION FOR CHAPTER 61 DISABILITY RETIREES.
    (a) In General.--Section 1413a(b)(3) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``shall be reduced by the amount (if any) 
by which the amount of the member's retired pay under chapter 61 of 
this title exceeds'' both places it appears and inserting ``may not, 
when combined with the amount of retired pay payable to the retiree 
after any such reduction under sections 5304 and 5305 of title 38, 
cause the total of such combined payment to exceed''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect as of January 1, 2013, and shall apply to payments for months 
beginning on or after that date.

    Subtitle F--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

    SEC. 651. REPEAL OF CERTAIN RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING 
      REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO COMMISSARY AND EXCHANGE STORES 
      OVERSEAS.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 2489 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking subsections (b) and (c).
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
        (1) by striking ``General Authority.--(1)'' and inserting 
    ``Authority to Establish Restrictions.--'';
        (2) by striking ``(2)'' and inserting ``(b) Limitations on Use 
    of Authority.--''; and
        (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as paragraphs 
    (1) and (2), respectively.
    SEC. 652. TREATMENT OF FISHER HOUSE FOR THE FAMILIES OF THE FALLEN 
      AND MEDITATION PAVILION AT DOVER AIR FORCE BASE, DELAWARE, AS A 
      FISHER HOUSE.
    (a) Fisher Houses and Authorized Fisher House Residents.--
Subsection (a) of section 2493 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``by patients'' and all 
    that follows through ``such patients;'' and inserting ``by 
    authorized Fisher House residents;'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(2) The term `Fisher House' includes the Fisher House for the 
    Families of the Fallen and Meditation Pavilion at Dover Air Force 
    Base, Delaware, so long as such facility is available for 
    residential use on a temporary basis by authorized Fisher House 
    residents.''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) The term `authorized Fisher House residents' means the 
    following:
            ``(A) With respect to a Fisher House described in paragraph 
        (1) that is located in proximity to a health care facility of 
        the Army, the Air Force, or the Navy, the following persons:
                ``(i) Patients of that health care facility.
                ``(ii) Members of the families of such patients.
                ``(iii) Other persons providing the equivalent of 
            familial support for such patients.
            ``(B) With respect to the Fisher House described in 
        paragraph (2), the following persons:
                ``(i) The primary next of kin of a member of the armed 
            forces who dies while located or serving overseas.
                ``(ii) Other family members of the deceased member who 
            are eligible for transportation under section 481f(e) of 
            title 37.
                ``(iii) An escort of a family member described in 
            clause (i) or (ii).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Subsections (b), (e), and (f) of such 
section are amended by striking ``health care'' each place it appears.
    (c) Repeal of Fiscal Year 2012 Freestanding Designation.--Section 
643 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 
(Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1466) is repealed.

                      Subtitle G--Military Lending

    SEC. 661. ADDITIONAL ENHANCEMENTS OF PROTECTIONS ON CONSUMER CREDIT 
      FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR DEPENDENTS.
    (a) Protections Against Differential Treatment on Consumer Credit 
Under State Law.--Subsection (d)(2) of section 987 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``any consumer credit 
    or'' before ``loans''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``covering consumer 
    credit'' after ``State consumer lending protections''.
    (b) Regular Consultations on Protection.--Subsection (h)(3) of such 
section is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
    ``and not less often than once every two years thereafter,'' after 
    ``under this subsection,''; and
        (2) by striking subparagraph (E) and inserting the following 
    new subparagraph:
        ``(E) The Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--
        (1) Modification of regulations.--The Secretary of Defense 
    shall modify the regulations prescribed under subsection (h) of 
    section 987 of title 10, United States Code, to take into account 
    the amendments made by subsection (a).
        (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
    shall take effect on--
            (A) the date that is one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act; or
            (B) such earlier date as the Secretary shall specify in the 
        modification of regulations required by paragraph (1).
        (3) Publication of earlier date.--If the Secretary specifies an 
    earlier effective date for the amendments made by subsection (a) 
    pursuant to paragraph (2)(B), the Secretary shall publish notice of 
    such earlier effective date in the Federal Register not later than 
    90 days before such earlier effective date.
    SEC. 662. EFFECT OF VIOLATIONS OF PROTECTIONS ON CONSUMER CREDIT 
      EXTENDED TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR DEPENDENTS.
    (a) Civil Liability.--Section 987(f) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(5) Civil liability.--
            ``(A) In general.--A person who violates this section with 
        respect to any person is civilly liable to such person for--
                ``(i) any actual damage sustained as a result, but not 
            less than $500 for each violation;
                ``(ii) appropriate punitive damages;
                ``(iii) appropriate equitable or declaratory relief; 
            and
                ``(iv) any other relief provided by law.
            ``(B) Costs of the action.--In any successful action to 
        enforce the civil liability described in subparagraph (A), the 
        person who violated this section is also liable for the costs 
        of the action, together with reasonable attorney fees as 
        determined by the court.
            ``(C) Effect of finding of bad faith and harassment.--In 
        any successful action by a defendant under this section, if the 
        court finds the action was brought in bad faith and for the 
        purpose of harassment, the plaintiff is liable for the attorney 
        fees of the defendant as determined by the court to be 
        reasonable in relation to the work expended and costs incurred.
            ``(D) Defenses.--A person may not be held liable for civil 
        liability under this paragraph if the person shows by a 
        preponderance of evidence that the violation was not 
        intentional and resulted from a bona fide error notwithstanding 
        the maintenance of procedures reasonably adapted to avoid any 
        such error. Examples of a bona fide error include clerical, 
        calculation, computer malfunction and programming, and printing 
        errors, except that an error of legal judgment with respect to 
        a person's obligations under this section is not a bona fide 
        error.
            ``(E) Jurisdiction, venue, and statute of limitations.--An 
        action for civil liability under this paragraph may be brought 
        in any appropriate United States district court, without regard 
        to the amount in controversy, or in any other court of 
        competent jurisdiction, not later than the earlier of--
                ``(i) two years after the date of discovery by the 
            plaintiff of the violation that is the basis for such 
            liability; or
                ``(ii) five years after the date on which the violation 
            that is the basis for such liability occurs.''.
    (b) Enforcement Authority.--Such section is further amended by 
inserting after paragraph (5), as added by subsection (a), the 
following new paragraph:
        ``(6) Administrative enforcement.--The provisions of this 
    section (other than paragraph (1) of this subsection) shall be 
    enforced by the agencies specified in section 108 of the Truth in 
    Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1607) in the manner set forth in that 
    section or under any other applicable authorities available to such 
    agencies by law.''.
    (c) Application of Amendment.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall apply with respect to consumer credit extended on or after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 663. CONSISTENT DEFINITION OF DEPENDENT FOR PURPOSES OF 
      APPLYING LIMITATIONS ON TERMS OF CONSUMER CREDIT EXTENDED TO 
      CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR DEPENDENTS.
    Paragraph (2) of section 987(i) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
        ``(2) Dependent.--The term `dependent', with respect to a 
    covered member, means a person described in subparagraph (A), (D), 
    (E), or (I) of section 1072(2) of this title.''.

    Subtitle H--Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization 
                               Commission

    SEC. 671. PURPOSE, SCOPE, AND DEFINITIONS.
    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this subtitle is to establish the 
Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission to 
conduct a review of the military compensation and retirement systems 
and to make recommendations to modernize such systems in order to--
        (1) ensure the long-term viability of the All-Volunteer Force 
    by sustaining the required human resources of that force during all 
    levels of conflict and economic conditions;
        (2) enable the quality of life for members of the Armed Forces 
    and the other uniformed services and their families in a manner 
    that fosters successful recruitment, retention, and careers for 
    members of the Armed Forces and the other uniformed services; and
        (3) modernize and achieve fiscal sustainability for the 
    compensation and retirement systems for the Armed Forces and the 
    other uniformed services for the 21st century.
    (b) Scope of Review.--
        (1) Required elements of review.--In order to provide the 
    fullest understanding of the matters required to balance the 
    primary purpose of the review specified in subsection (a), the 
    Commission shall make its recommendations for changes to the 
    military compensation and retirement systems only after--
            (A) examining all laws, policies, and practices of the 
        Federal Government that result in any direct payment of 
        authorized or appropriated funds to--
                (i) current and former members (veteran and retired) of 
            the uniformed services, including the reserve components of 
            those services; and
                (ii) the spouses, family members, children, survivors, 
            and other persons authorized to receive such payments as a 
            result of their connection to the members of the uniformed 
            services named in clause (i);
            (B) examining all laws, policies, and practices of the 
        Federal Government that result in any expenditure of authorized 
        or appropriated funds to support the persons named in 
        subparagraph (A) and their quality of life, including--
                (i) health, disability, survivor, education, and 
            dependent support programs of the Department of Defense and 
            the Department of Veterans Affairs, including outlays from 
            the various Federal trust funds supporting those programs;
                (ii) Department of Education impact aid;
                (iii) support or funding provided to States, 
            territories, colleges and universities;
                (iv) Department of Defense morale, recreation, and 
            welfare programs, the resale programs (military exchanges 
            and commissaries), and dependent school system;
                (v) the tax treatment of military compensation and 
            benefits; and
                (vi) military family housing; and
            (C) such other matters as the Commission considers 
        appropriate.
        (2) Priorities.--In weighing its recommendations on those 
    matters necessary to sustain the human resources of the All-
    Volunteer Force, the Commission shall--
            (A) pay particular attention to the interrelationships and 
        interplay of impact between and among the various programs of 
        the Federal Government, especially as those programs influence 
        decisions of persons about joining the uniformed services and 
        of members of the uniformed services about remaining in the 
        those services; and
            (B) closely weigh its recommendations regarding the web of 
        interrelated programs supporting spouses and families of 
        members of the uniformed services, so that changes in such 
        programs do not adversely impact decisions to remain in the 
        uniformed services.
        (3) Exception.--The Commission shall not examine any program 
    that uses appropriated funding for initial entry training or unit 
    training of members of the uniformed services.
    (c) Definitions.--In this subtitle:
        (1) The term ``Armed Forces'' has the meaning given the term 
    ``armed forces'' in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States 
    Code.
        (2) The term ``Commission'' means the Military Compensation and 
    Retirement Modernization Commission established by section 672.
        (3) The term ``Commission establishment date'' means the first 
    day of the first month beginning on or after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act.
        (4) The term ``military compensation and retirement systems'' 
    means the military compensation system and the military retirement 
    system.
        (5) The term ``military compensation system'' means provisions 
    of law providing eligibility for and the computation of military 
    compensation, including regular military compensation, special and 
    incentive pays and allowances, medical and dental care, educational 
    assistance and related benefits, and commissary and exchange 
    benefits and related benefits and activities.
        (6) The term ``military retirement system'' means retirement 
    benefits, including retired pay based upon service in the uniformed 
    services and survivor annuities based upon such service.
        (7) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Defense.
        (8) The term ``uniformed services'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 101(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code.
        (9) The terms ``veterans service organization'' and ``military-
    related advocacy group or association'' mean an organization whose 
    primary purpose is to advocate for veterans, military personnel, 
    military retirees, or military families.
    SEC. 672. MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT MODERNIZATION 
      COMMISSION.
    (a) Establishment.--There is established in the executive branch an 
independent commission to be known as the Military Compensation and 
Retirement Modernization Commission. The Commission shall be considered 
an independent establishment of the Federal Government as defined by 
section 104 of title 5, United States Code, and a temporary 
organization under section 3161 of such title.
    (b) Membership.--
        (1) Number and appointment.--The Commission shall be composed 
    of nine members appointed as follows:
            (A) The President shall appoint one member.
            (B) The Majority Leader of the Senate, in consultation with 
        the Chairman of the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, 
        shall appoint two members.
            (C) The Minority Leader of the Senate, in consultation with 
        the Ranking Member of the Committee on Armed Services of the 
        Senate, shall appoint two members.
            (D) The Speaker of the House of Representatives, in 
        consultation with the Chairman of the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives, shall appoint two 
        members.
            (E) The Minority Leader of the House of Representatives, in 
        consultation with the Ranking Member of the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives, shall appoint two 
        members.
        (2) Deadline for appointment.--Members shall be appointed to 
    the Commission under paragraph (1) not later than four months after 
    the Commission establishment date.
        (3) Qualifications of individuals appointed.--In appointing 
    members of the Commission, the President and Members of Congress 
    specified in paragraph (1) shall ensure that, collectively, there 
    are members with significant expertise regarding the matters 
    described in section 671. The types of specific expertise and 
    experience to be considered include the following:
            (A) Federal civilian employee compensation and retirement.
            (B) Military compensation and retirement.
            (C) Private sector compensation, retirement, or human 
        resource systems.
            (D) Active duty service in a regular component of the 
        uniformed services.
            (E) Service in a reserve component.
            (F) Experience as a spouse of a member of the uniformed 
        services.
            (G) Service as an enlisted member of the uniformed 
        services.
            (H) Military family policy development and implementation.
            (I) Department of Veterans Affairs benefit programs.
            (J) Actuarial science.
        (4) Limitation.--An individual who, within the preceding year, 
    has been employed by a veterans service organization or military-
    related advocacy group or association may not be appointed to the 
    Commission.
    (c) Chair.--The President shall designate one of the members of the 
Commission to be Chair of the Commission. The individual designated as 
Chair of the Commission shall be a person who has expertise in the 
military compensation and retirement systems. The Chair, or the 
designee of the Chair, shall preside over meetings of the Commission 
and be responsible for establishing the agenda of Commission meetings 
and hearings.
    (d) Terms.--Members shall be appointed for the life of the 
Commission. A vacancy in the Commission shall not affect its powers, 
and shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment was 
made.
    (e) Status as Federal Employees.--Notwithstanding the requirements 
of section 2105 of title 5, United States Code, including the required 
supervision under subsection (a)(3) of such section, the members of the 
Commission shall be deemed to be Federal employees.
    (f) Pay for Members of the Commission.--
        (1) In general.--Each member, other than the Chair, of the 
    Commission shall be paid at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of 
    the annual rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive 
    Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, for 
    each day (including travel time) during which the member is engaged 
    in the actual performance of duties vested in the Commission.
        (2) Chair.--The Chair of the Commission shall be paid at a rate 
    equal to the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay 
    payable for level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314, 
    of title 5, United States Code, for each day (including travel 
    time) during which the member is engaged in the actual performance 
    of duties vested in the Commission.
    SEC. 673. COMMISSION HEARINGS AND MEETINGS.
    (a) In General.--The Commission shall conduct hearings on the 
recommendations it is taking under consideration. Any such hearing, 
except a hearing in which classified information is to be considered, 
shall be open to the public. Any hearing open to the public shall be 
announced on a Federal website at least 14 days in advance. For all 
hearings open to the public, the Commission shall release an agenda and 
a listing of materials relevant to the topics to be discussed.
    (b) Meetings.--
        (1) Initial meeting.--The Commission shall hold its initial 
    meeting not later than 30 days after the date as of which all 
    members have been appointed.
        (2) Subsequent meetings.--After its initial meeting, the 
    Commission shall meet upon the call of the Chair or a majority of 
    its members.
        (3) Public meetings.--Each meeting of the Commission shall be 
    held in public unless any member objects.
    (c) Quorum.--Five members of the Commission shall constitute a 
quorum, but a lesser number may hold hearings.
    (d) Public Comments.--
        (1) Solicitation.--The Commission shall seek written comments 
    from the general public and interested parties on measures to 
    modernize the military compensation and retirement systems. 
    Comments shall be requested through a solicitation in the Federal 
    Register and announcement on the Internet website of the 
    Commission.
        (2) Period for submittal.--The period for the submittal of 
    comments pursuant to the solicitation under paragraph (1) shall end 
    not earlier than 30 days after the date of the solicitation and 
    shall end on or before the date on which the Secretary transmits 
    the recommendations of the Secretary to the Commission under 
    section 674(b).
        (3) Use by commission.--The Commission shall consider the 
    comments submitted under this subsection when developing its 
    recommendations.
    (e) Space for Use of Commission.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of General 
Services, in consultation with the Secretary, shall identify and make 
available suitable excess space within the Federal space inventory to 
house the operations of the Commission. If the Administrator is not 
able to make such suitable excess space available within such 90-day 
period, the Commission may lease space to the extent the funds are 
available.
    (f) Contracting Authority.--The Commission may acquire 
administrative supplies and equipment for Commission use to the extent 
funds are available.
    SEC. 674. PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURE FOR COMMISSION RECOMMENDATIONS.
    (a) Context of Commission Review.--The Commission shall conduct a 
review of the matters described in section 671, including current 
military compensation and retirement systems, force management 
objectives, and changes in life expectancy and the labor force.
    (b) Development of Commission Recommendations.--
        (1) Consistency with presidential principles.--Subject to 
    paragraph (2), the Commission shall develop recommendations that 
    are consistent with the principles established by the President 
    under subsection (c) and section 671.
        (2) Grandfathering of retired pay.--
            (A) Conditions.--In developing its recommendations, the 
        Commission shall comply with the following conditions with 
        regard to the treatment of retired pay for members and retired 
        members of the uniformed services who joined a uniformed 
        service before the date of the enactment of an Act to modernize 
        the military compensation and retirement systems:
                (i) For members of the uniformed services as of such 
            date, who became members before the enactment of such an 
            Act, the monthly amount of their retired pay may not be 
            less than they would have received under the current 
            military compensation and retirement system, nor may the 
            date at which they are eligible to receive their military 
            retired pay be adjusted to the financial detriment of the 
            member.
                (ii) For members of the uniformed services retired as 
            of such date, the eligibility for and receipt of their 
            retired pay may not be adjusted pursuant to any change made 
            by the enactment of such an Act.
            (B) Voluntary election exception.--Nothing in subparagraph 
        (A) prevents a member described in such subparagraph from 
        voluntarily electing to be covered under the provisions of an 
        Act to modernize the military compensation and retirement 
        systems.
    (c) Presidential Principles.--Not later than five months after the 
Commission establishment date, the President shall establish and 
transmit to the Commission and Congress principles for modernizing the 
military compensation and retirement systems. The principles 
established by the President shall address the following:
        (1) Maintaining recruitment and retention of the best military 
    personnel.
        (2) Modernizing the regular and reserve military compensation 
    and retirement systems.
        (3) Differentiating between regular and reserve military 
    service.
        (4) Differentiating between service in the Armed Forces and 
    service in the other uniformed services.
        (5) Assisting with force management.
        (6) Ensuring the fiscal sustainability of the military 
    compensation and retirement systems.
        (7) Compliance with the purpose and scope of the review 
    prescribed in section 671.
    (d) Secretary of Defense Recommendations.--
        (1) Deadline.--Not later than nine months after the Commission 
    establishment date, the Secretary shall transmit to the Commission 
    the recommendations of the Secretary for modernization of the 
    military compensation and retirement systems. The Secretary shall 
    concurrently transmit the recommendations to Congress.
        (2) Development of recommendations.--The Secretary shall 
    develop the recommendations of the Secretary under paragraph (1)--
            (A) on the basis of the principles established by the 
        President pursuant to subsection (c);
            (B) in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security, with respect to recommendations concerning members of 
        the Coast Guard;
            (C) in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services, with respect to recommendations concerning members of 
        the Public Health Service;
            (D) in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, with 
        respect to recommendations concerning members of the National 
        Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and
            (E) in consultation with the Director of the Office of 
        Management and Budget.
        (3) Justification.--The Secretary shall include with the 
    recommendations under paragraph (1) the justification of the 
    Secretary for each recommendation.
        (4) Availability of information.--The Secretary shall make 
    available to the Commission and to Congress the information used by 
    the Secretary to prepare the recommendations of the Secretary under 
    paragraph (1).
    (e) Commission Hearings on Recommendations of Secretary.--After 
receiving from the Secretary the recommendations of the Secretary for 
modernization of the military compensation and retirement systems under 
subsection (d), the Commission shall conduct public hearings on the 
recommendations.
    (f) Commission Report and Recommendations.--
        (1) Report.--Not later than 15 months after the Commission 
    establishment date, the Commission shall transmit to the President 
    a report containing the findings and conclusions of the Commission, 
    together with the recommendations of the Commission for the 
    modernization of the military compensation and retirement systems. 
    The Commission shall include in the report legislative language to 
    implement the recommendations of the Commission. The findings and 
    conclusions in the report shall be based on the review and analysis 
    by the Commission of the recommendations made by the Secretary 
    under subsection (d).
        (2) Requirement for approval.--The recommendations of the 
    Commission must be approved by at least five members of the 
    Commission before the recommendations may be transmitted to the 
    President under paragraph (1).
        (3) Procedures for changing recommendations of secretary.--The 
    Commission may make a change described in paragraph (4) in the 
    recommendations made by the Secretary only if the Commission--
            (A) determines that the change is consistent with the 
        principles established by the President under subsection (c);
            (B) publishes a notice of the proposed change not less than 
        45 days before transmitting its recommendations to the 
        President pursuant to paragraph (1); and
            (C) conducts a public hearing on the proposed change.
        (4) Covered changes.--Paragraph (3) applies to a change by the 
    Commission in the recommendations of the Secretary that would--
            (A) add a new recommendation;
            (B) delete a recommendation; or
            (C) substantially change a recommendation.
        (5) Explanation and justification for changes.--The Commission 
    shall explain and justify in its report submitted to the President 
    under paragraph (1) any recommendation made by the Commission that 
    is different from the recommendations made by the Secretary under 
    subsection (d).
        (6) Transmittal to congress.--The Commission shall transmit a 
    copy of its report to Congress on the same date on which it 
    transmits its report to the President under paragraph (1).
    SEC. 675. CONSIDERATION OF COMMISSION RECOMMENDATIONS BY THE 
      PRESIDENT.
    (a) Report of Presidential Approval or Disapproval.--Not later than 
60 days after the date on which the Commission transmits its report to 
the President under section 674, the President shall transmit to the 
Commission and to Congress a report containing the approval or 
disapproval by the President of the recommendations of the Commission 
in the report.
    (b) Presidential Approval.--If in the report under subsection (a) 
the President approves all the recommendations of the Commission, the 
President shall include with the report the following:
        (1) A copy of the recommendations of the Commission.
        (2) The certification by the President of the approval of the 
    President of each recommendation.
        (3) The legislative language transmitted by the Commission to 
    the President as part of the report of the Commission.
    (c) Presidential Disapproval.--
        (1) Reasons for disapproval.--If in the report under subsection 
    (a) the President disapproves the recommendations of the 
    Commission, in whole or in part, the President shall include in the 
    report the reasons for that disapproval.
        (2) Revised recommendations from commission.--Not later than 
    one month after the date of the report of the President under 
    subsection (a) disapproving the recommendations of the Commission, 
    the Commission shall transmit to the President revised 
    recommendations for the modernization of the military compensation 
    and retirement systems, together with revised legislative language 
    to implement the revised recommendations of the Commission.
        (3) Action on revised recommendations.--If the President 
    approves all of the revised recommendations of the Commission 
    transmitted pursuant to paragraph (2), the President shall transmit 
    to Congress, not later than one month after receiving the revised 
    recommendations, the following:
            (A) A copy of the revised recommendations.
            (B) The certification by the President of the approval of 
        the President of each recommendation as so revised.
            (C) The revised legislative language transmitted to the 
        President.
    (d) Termination of Commission.--If the President does not transmit 
to Congress an approval and certification described in subsection (b) 
or (c)(3) in accordance with the applicable deadline under such 
subsection, the Commission shall be terminated not later than one month 
after the expiration of the period for transmittal of a report under 
subsection (c)(3).
    SEC. 676. EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR.
    (a) Appointment.--The Commission shall appoint and fix the rate of 
basic pay for an Executive Director in accordance with section 3161 of 
title 5, United States Code.
    (b) Limitations.--The Executive Director may not have served on 
active duty in the Armed Forces or as a civilian employee of the 
Department of Defense during the one-year period preceding the date of 
such appointment and may not have been employed by a veterans service 
organization or a military-related advocacy group or association during 
that one-year period.
    SEC. 677. STAFF.
    (a) In General.--Subject to subsections (b) and (c), the Executive 
Director, with the approval of the Commission, may appoint and fix the 
rate of basic pay for additional personnel as staff of the Commission 
in accordance with section 3161 of title 5, United States Code.
    (b) Limitations on Staff.--
        (1) Number of detailees from executive department.--Not more 
    than one-third of the personnel employed by or detailed to the 
    Commission may be on detail from the Department of Defense and 
    other executive branch departments.
        (2) Prior duties within executive branch.--A person may not be 
    detailed from the Department of Defense or other executive branch 
    department to the Commission if, in the year before the detail is 
    to begin, that person participated personally and substantially in 
    any matter concerning the preparation of recommendations for 
    military compensation and retirement modernization.
        (3) Number of detailees eligible for military retired pay.--Not 
    more than one-fourth of the personnel employed by or detailed to 
    the Commission may be persons eligible for or receiving military 
    retired pay.
        (4) Prior employment with certain organizations.--A person may 
    not be employed by or detailed to the Commission if, in the year 
    before the employment or detail is to begin, that person was 
    employed by a veterans service organization or a military-related 
    advocacy group or association.
    (c) Limitations on Performance Reviews.--No member of the uniformed 
services, and no officer or employee of the Department of Defense or 
other executive branch department, may--
        (1) prepare any report concerning the effectiveness, fitness, 
    or efficiency of the performance of the staff of the Commission or 
    any person detailed to that staff;
        (2) review the preparation of such a report; or
        (3) approve or disapprove such a report.
    SEC. 678. JUDICIAL REVIEW PRECLUDED.
    The following shall not be subject to judicial review:
        (1) Actions of the President, the Secretary, and the Commission 
    under section 674.
        (2) Actions of the President under section 675.
    SEC. 679. TERMINATION.
    Except as otherwise provided in this title, the Commission shall 
terminate not later than 26 months after the Commission establishment 
date.
    SEC. 680. FUNDING.
    Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by this Act for the 
Department of Defense for fiscal year 2013, up to $10,000,000 shall be 
made available to the Commission to carry out its duties under this 
subtitle. Funds made available to the Commission under the preceding 
sentence shall remain available until expended.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

    SEC. 681. EQUAL TREATMENT FOR MEMBERS OF COAST GUARD RESERVE CALLED 
      TO ACTIVE DUTY UNDER TITLE 14, UNITED STATES CODE.
    (a) Inclusion in Definition of Contingency Operation.--Section 
101(a)(13)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``section 712 of title 14,'' after ``chapter 15 of this title,''.
    (b) Credit of Service Towards Reduction of Eligibility Age for 
Receipt of Retired Pay for Non-Regular Service.--Section 12731(f)(2)(B) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new clause:
    ``(iv) Service on active duty described in this subparagraph is 
also service on active duty pursuant to a call or order to active duty 
authorized by the Secretary of Homeland Security under section 712 of 
title 14 for purposes of emergency augmentation of the Regular Coast 
Guard forces.''.
    (c) Post 9/11 Educational Assistance.--Section 3301(1)(B) of title 
38, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``or section 712 of 
title 14'' after ``title 10''.
    (d) Retroactive Application of Amendments.--
        (1) Inclusion of prior orders.--The amendments made by this 
    section shall apply to any call or order to active duty authorized 
    under section 712 of title 14, United States Code, on or after 
    December 31, 2011, by the Secretary of the executive department in 
    which the Coast Guard is operating.
        (2) Credit for prior service.--The amendments made by this 
    section shall be deemed to have been enacted on December 31, 2011, 
    for purposes of applying the amendments to the following provisions 
    of law:
            (A) Section 5538 of title 5, United States Code, relating 
        to nonreduction in pay.
            (B) Section 701 of title 10, United States Code, relating 
        to the accumulation and retention of leave.
            (C) Section 12731 of title 10, United States Code, relating 
        to age and service requirements for receipt of retired pay for 
        non-regular service.
    SEC. 682. REPORT REGARDING DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CLAIMS 
      PROCESS TRANSFORMATION PLAN.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Forces and the Committees on Veterans' 
Affairs of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the plan 
of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to reduce the backlog of claims 
for benefits under laws administered by the Secretary that are pending 
as of the date of the enactment of this Act and to more efficiently and 
fairly process claims for such benefits in the future.
    (b) Contents of Report.-- The report required in under subsection 
(a) shall include each of the following:
        (1) A detailed explanation of the Veterans Benefits 
    Administration Claims Transformation Plan, including--
            (A) a timeline and steps to completion with anticipated 
        completion dates;
            (B) all benchmarks and indicia of success that the 
        Secretary will use to measure the success or failure of each 
        step in the Transformation Plan; and
            (C) the estimated costs, by fiscal year for each of the 
        five fiscal years following the fiscal year during which the 
        report is submitted, associated with the Transformation Plan, 
        including training and personnel costs, as well as the increase 
        or decrease in the number of personnel expected as part of the 
        Transformation Plan.
        (2) A detailed explanation of the claims process that is 
    expected to result after the completion of the Transformation Plan, 
    from initial filing of claim to the award or denial of benefits, 
    including any appellate steps in the process.
        (3) A detailed explanation of the roles and purposes of the 
    Program Management Office, the Veterans Benefits Administration 
    Transformation Governance Board, Transformation Joint Executive 
    Board, and Design Teams, including a list of personnel for each 
    entity as well as current and projected costs over the subsequent 
    five fiscal years to operate and staff each entity.
        (4) A detailed explanation of all steps taken thus far to 
    involve non-Federal entities in the claims process, including the 
    Texas Veterans Commission and other State or local agencies 
    relating to veterans' affairs, veterans service organizations, and 
    other not-for-profit entities.
        (5) A plan for the Secretary to partner with non-Federal 
    entities to support efforts to reduce the backlog of claims for 
    benefits under laws administered by the Secretary and to more 
    efficiently and fairly process such claims in the future, including 
    State and local agencies relating to veterans affairs, veterans 
    service organizations, and such other relevant Government and non-
    Government entities as the Secretary considers appropriate. Such 
    plan shall include--
            (A) a description of how the Secretary intends to leverage 
        such partnerships with non-Federal entities to eliminate the 
        backlog by--
                (i) increasing the percentage of new claims that are 
            fully developed prior to submittal to the Secretary and 
            expediting the processing of such claims; and
                (ii) helping claimants gather and submit necessary 
            evidence for claims that were previously filed but require 
            further development; and
            (B) a description of how such partnerships with non-Federal 
        entities will fit into the Transformation Plan.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Extension of TRICARE Standard coverage and TRICARE dental 
          program for members of the Selected Reserve who are 
          involuntarily separated.
Sec. 702. Inclusion of certain over-the-counter drugs in TRICARE uniform 
          formulary.
Sec. 703. Modification of requirements on mental health assessments for 
          members of the Armed Forces deployed in connection with a 
          contingency operation.
Sec. 704. Use of Department of Defense funds for abortions in cases of 
          rape and incest.
Sec. 705. Pilot program on certain treatments of autism under the 
          TRICARE program.
Sec. 706. Pilot program on enhancements of Department of Defense efforts 
          on mental health in the National Guard and Reserves through 
          community partnerships.
Sec. 707. Sense of Congress on health care for retired members of the 
          uniformed services.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Authority for automatic enrollment in TRICARE Prime of 
          dependents of members in pay grades above pay grade E-4.
Sec. 712. Cost-sharing rates for the Pharmacy Benefits Program of the 
          TRICARE program.
Sec. 713. Clarification of applicability of certain authority and 
          requirements to subcontractors employed to provide health care 
          services to the Department of Defense.
Sec. 714. Expansion of evaluation of the effectiveness of the TRICARE 
          program.
Sec. 715. Requirement to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of 
          health engagements.
Sec. 716. Pilot program for refills of maintenance medications for 
          TRICARE for Life beneficiaries through the TRICARE mail-order 
          pharmacy program.

           Subtitle C--Mental Health Care and Veterans Matters

Sec. 723. Sharing between Department of Defense and Department of 
          Veterans Affairs of records and information retained under the 
          medical tracking system for members of the Armed Forces 
          deployed overseas.
Sec. 724. Participation of members of the Armed Forces in peer support 
          counseling programs of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 725. Research and medical practice on mental health conditions.
Sec. 726. Transparency in mental health care services provided by the 
          Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 727. Expansion of Vet Center Program to include furnishing 
          counseling to certain members of the Armed Forces and their 
          family members.
Sec. 728. Organization of the Readjustment Counseling Service in the 
          Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 729. Recruitment of mental health providers for furnishing mental 
          health services on behalf of the Department of Veterans 
          Affairs without compensation from the Department.
Sec. 730. Peer support.

                  Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Plan for reform of the administration of the military health 
          system.
Sec. 732. Future availability of TRICARE Prime throughout the United 
          States.
Sec. 733. Extension of Comptroller General report on contract health 
          care staffing for military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 734. Extension of Comptroller General report on women-specific 
          health services and treatment for female members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 735. Study on health care and related support for children of 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 736. Report on strategy to transition to use of human-based methods 
          for certain medical training.
Sec. 737. Study on incidence of breast cancer among members of the Armed 
          Forces serving on active duty.
Sec. 738. Performance metrics and reports on Warriors in Transition 
          programs of the military departments.
Sec. 739. Plan to eliminate gaps and redundancies in programs of the 
          Department of Defense on psychological health and traumatic 
          brain injury.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

    SEC. 701. EXTENSION OF TRICARE STANDARD COVERAGE AND TRICARE DENTAL 
      PROGRAM FOR MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED RESERVE WHO ARE INVOLUNTARILY 
      SEPARATED.
    (a) TRICARE Standard Coverage.--Section 1076d(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Eligibility'' and inserting ``(1) Except as 
    provided in paragraph (2), eligibility''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) During the period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
this paragraph and ending December 31, 2018, eligibility for a member 
under this section who is involuntarily separated from the Selected 
Reserve under other than adverse conditions, as characterized by the 
Secretary concerned, shall terminate 180 days after the date on which 
the member is separated.''.
    (b) TRICARE Dental Coverage.--Section 1076a(a)(1) of such title is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``During the 
period beginning on the date of the enactment of this sentence and 
ending December 31, 2018, such plan shall provide that coverage for a 
member of the Selected Reserve who is involuntarily separated from the 
Selected Reserve under other than adverse conditions, as characterized 
by the Secretary concerned, shall not terminate earlier than 180 days 
after the date on which the member is separated.''.
    SEC. 702. INCLUSION OF CERTAIN OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS IN TRICARE 
      UNIFORM FORMULARY.
    (a) Inclusion.--Subsection (a)(2) of section 1074g of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``No pharmaceutical agent 
    may be excluded'' and inserting ``Except as provided in 
    subparagraph (F), no pharmaceutical agent may be excluded''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(F)(i) The Secretary may implement procedures to place selected 
over-the-counter drugs on the uniform formulary and to make such drugs 
available to eligible covered beneficiaries. An over-the-counter drug 
may be included on the uniform formulary only if the Pharmacy and 
Therapeutics Committee established under subsection (b) finds that the 
over-the-counter drug is cost effective and clinically effective. If 
the Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee recommends an over-the-counter 
drug for inclusion on the uniform formulary, the drug shall be 
considered to be in the same therapeutic class of pharmaceutical 
agents, as determined by the Committee, as similar prescription drugs.
    ``(ii) Regulations prescribed by the Secretary to carry out clause 
(i) shall include the following with respect to over-the-counter drugs 
included on the uniform formulary:
        ``(I) A determination of the means and conditions under 
    paragraphs (5) and (6) through which over-the-counter drugs will be 
    available to eligible covered beneficiaries and the amount of cost 
    sharing that such beneficiaries will be required to pay for over-
    the-counter drugs, if any, except that no such cost sharing may be 
    required for a member of a uniformed service on active duty.
        ``(II) Any terms and conditions for the dispensing of over-the-
    counter drugs to eligible covered beneficiaries.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Subsection (g) of such section is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(3) The term `over-the-counter drug' means a drug that is not 
    subject to section 503(b) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic 
    Act (21 U.S.C. 353(b)).
        ``(4) The term `prescription drug' means a drug that is subject 
    to section 503(b) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 
    U.S.C. 353(b)).''.
    (c) Technical Amendments.--
        (1) Cross-reference amendment.--Subsection (b)(1) of such 
    section is amended by striking ``subsection (g)'' and inserting 
    ``subsection (h)''.
        (2) Repeal of obsolete provisions.--
            (A) Subsection (a)(2)(D) of such section is amended by 
        striking the last sentence.
            (B) Subsection (b)(2) of such section is amended by 
        striking ``Not later than'' and all the follows through ``such 
        90-day period, the committee'' and inserting ``The committee''.
            (C) Subsection (d)(2) of such section is amended--
                (i) by striking ``Effective not later than April 5, 
            2000, the Secretary'' and inserting ``The Secretary''; and
                (ii) by striking ``the current managed care support 
            contracts'' and inserting ``the managed care support 
            contracts current as of October 5, 1999,''.
    SEC. 703. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS ON MENTAL HEALTH ASSESSMENTS 
      FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES DEPLOYED IN CONNECTION WITH A 
      CONTINGENCY OPERATION.
    Section 1074m(a)(1)(C)(i) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``one year'' and inserting ``18 months''.
    SEC. 704. USE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FUNDS FOR ABORTIONS IN CASES 
      OF RAPE AND INCEST.
    Section 1093(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting before the period at the end the following: ``or in a case in 
which the pregnancy is the result of an act of rape or incest''.
    SEC. 705. PILOT PROGRAM ON CERTAIN TREATMENTS OF AUTISM UNDER THE 
      TRICARE PROGRAM.
    (a) Pilot Program.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a pilot 
    program to provide for the treatment of autism spectrum disorders, 
    including applied behavior analysis.
        (2) Commencement.--The Secretary shall commence the pilot 
    program under paragraph (1) by not later than 90 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Duration.--The Secretary may not carry out the pilot program 
under subsection (a)(1) for longer than a one-year period.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date on which the 
pilot program under subsection (a)(1) commences, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report on the pilot program. The report shall 
include the following:
        (1) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    establishing a beneficiary cost share for the treatment of autism 
    spectrum disorders.
        (2) A comparison of providing such treatment under--
            (A) the ECHO Program; and
            (B) the TRICARE program other than under the ECHO Program.
        (3) Any recommendations for changes in legislation.
        (4) Any additional information the Secretary considers 
    appropriate.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``ECHO Program'' means the Extended Care Health 
    Option under subsections (d) through (f) of section 1079 of title 
    10, United States Code.
        (2) The term ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 1072(7) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 706. PILOT PROGRAM ON ENHANCEMENTS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      EFFORTS ON MENTAL HEALTH IN THE NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVES 
      THROUGH COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIPS.
    (a) Program Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
pilot program to enhance the efforts of the Department of Defense in 
research, treatment, education, and outreach on mental health and 
substance use disorders and traumatic brain injury in members of the 
National Guard and Reserves, their family members, and their caregivers 
through community partners.
    (b) Agreements With Community Partners.--In carrying out the pilot 
program authorized by subsection (a), the Secretary may enter into 
partnership agreements with community partners described in subsection 
(c) using a competitive and merit-based award process.
    (c) Community Partner Described.--A community partner described in 
this subsection is a private non-profit organization or institution 
that meets such qualifications as the Secretary shall establish for 
purposes of the pilot program and engages in one or more of the 
following:
        (1) Research on the causes, development, and innovative 
    treatment of mental health and substance use disorders and 
    traumatic brain injury in members of the National Guard and 
    Reserves, their family members, and their caregivers.
        (2) Identifying and disseminating evidence-based treatments of 
    mental health and substance use disorders and traumatic brain 
    injury described in paragraph (1).
        (3) Outreach and education to such members, their families and 
    caregivers, and the public about mental health and substance use 
    disorders and traumatic brain injury described in paragraph (1).
    (d) Duration.--The duration of the pilot program may not exceed 
three years.
    (e) Report.--Not later than 180 days before the completion of the 
pilot program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Secretary 
of Veterans Affairs and the congressional defense committees a report 
on the results of the pilot program, including the number of members of 
the National Guard and Reserves provided treatment or services by 
community partners, and a description and assessment of the 
effectiveness and achievements of the pilot program with respect to 
research, treatment, education, and outreach on mental health and 
substance use disorders and traumatic brain injury.
    SEC. 707. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON HEALTH CARE FOR RETIRED MEMBERS OF 
      THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) members of the uniformed services and their families endure 
    unique and extraordinary demands and make extraordinary sacrifices 
    over the course of 20 to 30 years of service in protecting freedom 
    for all Americans, as do those who have been medically retired due 
    to the hardships of military service; and
        (2) access to quality health care services is an earned benefit 
    during retirement in acknowledgment of their contributions of 
    service and sacrifice.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

    SEC. 711. AUTHORITY FOR AUTOMATIC ENROLLMENT IN TRICARE PRIME OF 
      DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS IN PAY GRADES ABOVE PAY GRADE E-4.
    Subsection (a) of section 1097a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Automatic Enrollment of Certain Dependents.--(1) In the case 
of a dependent of a member of the uniformed services who is entitled to 
medical and dental care under section 1076(a)(2)(A) of this title and 
resides in a catchment area in which TRICARE Prime is offered, the 
Secretary--
        ``(A) shall automatically enroll the dependent in TRICARE Prime 
    if the member is in pay grade E-4 or below; and
        ``(B) may automatically enroll the dependent in TRICARE Prime 
    if the member is in pay grade E-5 or higher.
    ``(2) Whenever a dependent of a member is enrolled in TRICARE Prime 
under paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall provide written 
notice of the enrollment to the member.
    ``(3) The enrollment of a dependent of the member may be terminated 
by the member or the dependent at any time.''.
    SEC. 712. COST-SHARING RATES FOR THE PHARMACY BENEFITS PROGRAM OF 
      THE TRICARE PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 1074g(a)(6) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the following 
    new subparagraph (A):
    ``(A) The Secretary, in the regulations prescribed under subsection 
(h), shall establish cost-sharing requirements under the pharmacy 
benefits program. In accordance with subparagraph (C), such cost-
sharing requirements shall consist of the following:
        ``(i) With respect to each supply of a prescription covering 
    not more than 30 days that is obtained by a covered beneficiary 
    under the TRICARE retail pharmacy program--
            ``(I) in the case of generic agents, $5;
            ``(II) in the case of formulary agents, $17; and
            ``(III) in the case of nonformulary agents, $44.
        ``(ii) With respect to each supply of a prescription covering 
    not more than 90 days that is obtained by a covered beneficiary 
    under the national mail-order pharmacy program--
            ``(I) in the case of generic agents, $0;
            ``(II) in the case of formulary agents, $13; and
            ``(III) in the case of nonformulary agents, $43.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C)(i) Beginning October 1, 2013, the amount of any increase in a 
cost-sharing amount specified in subparagraph (A) in a year may not 
exceed the amount equal to the percentage of such cost-sharing amount 
at the time of such increase equal to the percentage by which retired 
pay is increased under section 1401a of this title in that year.
    ``(ii) If the amount of the increase otherwise provided for a year 
by clause (i) is less than $1, the increase shall not be made for such 
year, but shall be carried over to, and accumulated with, the amount of 
the increase for the subsequent year or years and made when the 
aggregate amount of increases carried over under this clause for a year 
is $1 or more.
    ``(iii) The provisions of this subparagraph shall not apply to any 
increase in cost-sharing amounts described in clause (i) that is made 
by the Secretary of Defense on or after October 1, 2022. The Secretary 
may increase copayments, as considered appropriate by the Secretary, 
beginning on October 1, 2022.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--
        (1) In general.--The cost-sharing requirements under 
    subparagraph (A) of section 1074g(a)(6) of title 10, United States 
    Code, as amended by subsection (a)(1), shall apply with respect to 
    prescriptions obtained under the TRICARE pharmacy benefits program 
    on or after such date as the Secretary of Defense shall specify, 
    but not later than the date that is 45 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act.
        (2) Federal register.--The Secretary shall publish notice of 
    the effective date of the cost-sharing requirements specified under 
    paragraph (1) in the Federal Register.
    SEC. 713. CLARIFICATION OF APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN AUTHORITY AND 
      REQUIREMENTS TO SUBCONTRACTORS EMPLOYED TO PROVIDE HEALTH CARE 
      SERVICES TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Applicability of Federal Tort Claims Act to Subcontractors.--
Section 1089(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended in the last 
sentence--
        (1) by striking ``if the physician, dentist, nurse, pharmacist, 
    or paramedical'' and inserting ``to such a physician, dentist, 
    nurse, pharmacist, or paramedical'';
        (2) by striking ``involved is''; and
        (3) by inserting before the period at the end the following: 
    ``or a subcontract at any tier under such a contract that is 
    authorized in accordance with the requirements of such section 
    1091''.
    (b) Applicability of Personal Services Contracting Authority to 
Subcontractors.--Section 1091(c) of such title is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The procedures established under paragraph (1) may provide 
for a contracting officer to authorize a contractor to enter into a 
subcontract for personal services on behalf of the agency upon a 
determination that the subcontract is--
        ``(A) consistent with the requirements of this section and the 
    procedures established under paragraph (1); and
        ``(B) in the best interests of the agency.''.
    SEC. 714. EXPANSION OF EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE 
      TRICARE PROGRAM.
    Section 717(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 376; 10 U.S.C. 1073 
note) is amended by striking ``military retirees'' and inserting 
``members of the Armed Forces (whether in the regular or reserve 
components) and their dependents, military retirees and their 
dependents, and dependents of members on active duty with severe 
disabilities and chronic health care needs''.
    SEC. 715. REQUIREMENT TO ENSURE THE EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY OF 
      HEALTH ENGAGEMENTS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Policy and the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Health Affairs, shall develop a process to ensure that 
health engagements conducted by the Department of Defense are effective 
and efficient in meeting the national security goals of the United 
States.
    (b) Process Goals.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
Affairs shall ensure that each process developed under subsection (a)--
        (1) assesses the operational mission capabilities of the health 
    engagement;
        (2) uses the collective expertise of the Federal Government and 
    non-governmental organizations to ensure collaboration and 
    partnering activities; and
        (3) assesses the stability and resiliency of the host nation of 
    such engagement.
    (c) Assessment Tool.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
Affairs may establish a measure of effectiveness learning tool to 
assess the process developed under subsection (a) to ensure the 
applicability of the process to health engagements conducted by the 
Department of Defense.
    (d) Health Engagement Defined.--In this section, the term ``health 
engagement'' means a health stability operation conducted by the 
Department of Defense outside the United States in coordination with a 
foreign government or international organization to establish, 
reconstitute, or maintain the health sector of a foreign country.
    SEC. 716. PILOT PROGRAM FOR REFILLS OF MAINTENANCE MEDICATIONS FOR 
      TRICARE FOR LIFE BENEFICIARIES THROUGH THE TRICARE MAIL-ORDER 
      PHARMACY PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a pilot 
program to refill prescription maintenance medications for each TRICARE 
for Life beneficiary through the national mail-order pharmacy program 
under section 1074g(a)(2)(E)(iii) of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Medications Covered.--
        (1) Determination.--The Secretary shall determine the 
    prescription maintenance medications included in the pilot program 
    under subsection (a).
        (2) Supply.--In carrying out the pilot program under subsection 
    (a), the Secretary shall ensure that the medications included in 
    the program are generally available to a TRICARE for Life 
    beneficiary--
            (A) for an initial filling of a 30-day or less supply 
        through--
                (i) retail pharmacies under clause (ii) of section 
            1074g(a)(2)(E) of title 10, United States Code; and
                (ii) facilities of the uniformed services under clause 
            (i) of such section; and
            (B) for a refill of such medications through--
                (i) the national mail-order pharmacy program; and
                (ii) such facilities of the uniformed services.
        (3) Exemption.-- The Secretary may exempt the following 
    prescription maintenance medications from the requirements in 
    paragraph (2):
            (A) Such medications that are for acute care needs.
            (B) Such other medications as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.
    (c) Nonparticipation.--
        (1) Opt out.--The Secretary shall give TRICARE for Life 
    beneficiaries who have been covered by the pilot program under 
    subsection (a) for a period of one year an opportunity to opt out 
    of continuing to participate in the program.
        (2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the requirement of a 
    TRICARE for Life beneficiary to participate in the pilot program 
    under subsection (a) if the Secretary determines, on an individual 
    basis, that such waiver is appropriate.
    (d) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe regulations to 
carry out the pilot program under subsection (a), including regulations 
with respect to--
        (1) the prescription maintenance medications included in the 
    pilot program pursuant to subsection (b)(1); and
        (2) addressing instances where a TRICARE for Life beneficiary 
    covered by the pilot program attempts to refill such medications at 
    a retail pharmacy rather than through the national mail-order 
    pharmacy program or a facility of the uniformed services.
    (e) Reports.--Not later than March 31 of each year beginning in 
2014 and ending in 2018, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the pilot program under 
subsection (a), including the effects of offering incentives for the 
use of mail order pharmacies by TRICARE beneficiaries and the effect on 
retail pharmacies.
    (f) Sunset.--The Secretary may not carry out the pilot program 
under subsection (a) after December 31, 2017.
    (g) TRICARE for Life Beneficiary Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``TRICARE for Life beneficiary'' means a TRICARE beneficiary 
enrolled in the Medicare wraparound coverage option of the TRICARE 
program made available to the beneficiary by reason of section 1086(d) 
of title 10, United States Code.

          Subtitle C--Mental Health Care and Veterans Matters

    SEC. 723. SHARING BETWEEN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND DEPARTMENT OF 
      VETERANS AFFAIRS OF RECORDS AND INFORMATION RETAINED UNDER THE 
      MEDICAL TRACKING SYSTEM FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES DEPLOYED 
      OVERSEAS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs shall jointly enter into a memorandum of understanding 
providing for the sharing by the Department of Defense with the 
Department of Veterans Affairs of the results of examinations and other 
records on members of the Armed Forces that are retained and maintained 
with respect to the medical tracking system for members deployed 
overseas under section 1074f(c) of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Cessation Upon Implementation of Electronic Health Record.--The 
sharing required pursuant to subsection (a) shall cease on the date on 
which the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
jointly certify to Congress that the Secretaries have fully implemented 
an integrated electronic health record for members of the Armed Forces 
that is fully interoperable between the Department of Defense and the 
Department of Veterans Affairs.
    SEC. 724. PARTICIPATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN PEER 
      SUPPORT COUNSELING PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS 
      AFFAIRS.
    (a) Participation.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
    Veterans Affairs shall jointly enter into a memorandum of 
    understanding providing for members of the Armed Forces described 
    in subsection (b) to volunteer or be considered for employment as 
    peer counselors under the following:
            (A) The peer support counseling program carried out by the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs under subsection (j) of section 
        1720F of title 38, United States Code, as part of the 
        comprehensive program for suicide prevention among veterans 
        under subsection (a) of such section.
            (B) The peer support counseling program carried out by the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs under section 304(a)(1) of the 
        Caregivers and Veterans Omnibus Health Services Act of 2010 
        (Public Law 111-163; 124 Stat. 1150; 38 U.S.C. 1712A note).
        (2) Training.--Any member participating in a peer support 
    counseling program under paragraph (1) shall receive the training 
    for peer counselors under section 1720F(j)(2) of title 38, United 
    States Code, or section 304(c) of the Caregivers and Veterans 
    Omnibus Health Services Act of 2010, as applicable, before 
    performing peer support counseling duties under such program.
    (b) Covered Members.--Members of the Armed Forces described in this 
subsection are the following:
        (1) Members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces who 
    are demobilizing after deployment in a theater of combat 
    operations, including, in particular, members who participated in 
    combat against the enemy while so deployed.
        (2) Members of the regular components of the Armed Forces 
    separating from active duty who have been deployed in a theater of 
    combat operations in which such members participated in combat 
    against the enemy.
    SEC. 725. RESEARCH AND MEDICAL PRACTICE ON MENTAL HEALTH 
      CONDITIONS.
    (a) Research and Practice.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide 
for the translation of research on the diagnosis and treatment of 
mental health conditions into policy on medical practices.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
on the translation of research into policy as described in subsection 
(a). The report shall include the following:
        (1) A summary of the efforts of the Department of Defense to 
    carry out such translation.
        (2) A description of any policy established pursuant to 
    subsection (a).
        (3) Additional legislative or administrative actions the 
    Secretary considers appropriate with respect to such translation.
    SEC. 726. TRANSPARENCY IN MENTAL HEALTH CARE SERVICES PROVIDED BY 
      THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.
    (a) Measurement of Mental Health Care Services.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2013, the 
    Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall develop and implement a 
    comprehensive set of measures to assess mental health care services 
    furnished by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
        (2) Elements.--The measures developed and implemented under 
    paragraph (1) shall provide an accurate and comprehensive 
    assessment of the following:
            (A) The timeliness of the furnishing of mental health care 
        by the Department.
            (B) The satisfaction of patients who receive mental health 
        care services furnished by the Department.
            (C) The capacity of the Department to furnish mental health 
        care.
            (D) The availability and furnishing of evidence-based 
        therapies by the Department.
    (b) Guidelines for Staffing Mental Health Care Services.--Not later 
than December 31, 2013, the Secretary shall develop and implement 
guidelines for the staffing of general and specialty mental health care 
services, including at community-based outpatient clinics. Such 
guidelines shall include productivity standards for providers of mental 
health care.
    (c) Study Committee.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into a 
    contract with the National Academy of Sciences to create a study 
    committee--
            (A) to consult with the Secretary on the Secretary's 
        development and implementation of the measures and guidelines 
        required by subsections (a) and (b); and
            (B) to conduct an assessment and provide an analysis and 
        recommendations on the state of Department mental health 
        services.
        (2) Functions.--In entering into the contract described in 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall, with respect to paragraph 
    (1)(B), include in such contract a provision for the study 
    committee--
            (A) to conduct a comprehensive assessment of barriers to 
        access to mental health care by veterans who served in the 
        Armed Forces in Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi 
        Freedom, or Operation New Dawn;
            (B) to assess the quality of the mental health care being 
        provided to such veterans (including the extent to which 
        veterans are afforded choices with respect to modes of 
        treatment) through site visits to facilities of the Veterans 
        Health Administration (including at least one site visit in 
        each Veterans Integrated Service Network), evaluating studies 
        of patient outcomes, and other appropriate means;
            (C) to assess whether, and the extent to which, veterans 
        who served in the Armed Forces in Operation Enduring Freedom, 
        Operation Iraqi Freedom, or Operation New Dawn are being 
        offered a full range of necessary mental health services at 
        Department health care facilities, including early intervention 
        services for hazardous drinking, relationship problems, and 
        other behaviors that create a risk for the development of a 
        chronic mental health condition;
            (D) to conduct surveys or have access to Department-
        administered surveys of--
                (i) providers of Department mental health services;
                (ii) veterans who served in the Armed Forces in 
            Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, or 
            Operation New Dawn who are receiving mental health care 
            furnished by the Department; and
                (iii) eligible veterans who served in the Armed Forces 
            in Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, or 
            Operation New Dawn who are not using Department health care 
            services to assess those barriers described in subparagraph 
            (A); and
            (E) to provide to the Secretary, on the basis of its 
        assessments as delineated in subparagraphs (A) through (C), 
        specific, detailed recommendations--
                (i) for overcoming barriers, and improving access, to 
            timely, effective mental health care at Department health 
            care facilities (or, where Department facilities cannot 
            provide such care, through contract arrangements under 
            existing law); and
                (ii) to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of 
            mental health services furnished by the Secretary.
        (3) Participation by former officials and employees of veterans 
    health administration.--The Secretary shall ensure that any 
    contract entered into under paragraph (1) provides for inclusion on 
    any subcommittee which participates in conducting the assessments 
    and formulating the recommendations provided for in paragraph (2) 
    at least one former official of the Veterans Health Administration 
    and at least two former employees of the Veterans Health 
    Administration who were providers of mental health care.
        (4) Periodic reports to secretary.--In entering into the 
    contract described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall, with 
    respect to paragraph (1)(A), include in such contract a provision 
    for the submittal to the Secretary of periodic reports and 
    provision of other consultation to the Secretary by the study 
    committee to assist the Secretary in carrying out subsections (a) 
    and (b).
        (5) Reports to congress.--Not later than 30 days after 
    receiving a report under paragraph (4), the Secretary shall submit 
    to the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and the 
    Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives a 
    report on the plans of the Secretary to implement such 
    recommendations submitted to the Secretary by the study committee 
    as the Secretary considers appropriate. Such report shall include a 
    description of each recommendation submitted to the Secretary that 
    the Secretary does not plan to carry out and an explanation of why 
    the Secretary does not plan to carry out such recommendation.
    (d) Publication.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall make available to the 
    public on an Internet website of the Department the following:
            (A) The measures and guidelines developed and implemented 
        under this section.
            (B) An assessment of the performance of the Department 
        using such measures and guidelines.
        (2) Quarterly updates.--The Secretary shall update the 
    measures, guidelines, and assessment made available to the public 
    under paragraph (1) not less frequently than quarterly.
    (e) Semiannual Reports.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2013, and not less 
    frequently than twice each year thereafter, the Secretary shall 
    submit to the committees of Congress specified in subsection (c)(5) 
    a report on the Secretary's progress in developing and implementing 
    the measures and guidelines required by this section.
        (2) Elements.--Each report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A description of the development and implementation of 
        the measures required by subsection (a) and the guidelines 
        required by subsection (b).
            (B) A description of the progress made by the Secretary in 
        developing and implementing such measures and guidelines.
            (C) An assessment of the mental health care services 
        furnished by the Department, using the measures developed and 
        implemented under subsection (a).
            (D) An assessment of the effectiveness of the guidelines 
        developed and implemented under subsection (b).
            (E) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action as the Secretary may have to improve the effectiveness 
        and efficiency of the mental health care services furnished 
        under laws administered by the Secretary.
    (f) Implementation Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days before the date on 
    which the Secretary begins implementing the measures and guidelines 
    required by this section, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    committees of Congress specified in subsection (c)(5) a report on 
    the Secretary's planned implementation of such measures and 
    guidelines.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A detailed description of the measures and guidelines 
        that the Secretary plans to implement under this section.
            (B) A description of the rationale for each measure and 
        guideline the Secretary plans to implement under this section.
            (C) A discussion of each measure and guideline that the 
        Secretary considered under this section but chose not to 
        implement.
            (D) The number of current vacancies in mental health care 
        provider positions in the Department.
            (E) An assessment of how many additional positions are 
        needed to meet current or expected demand for mental health 
        services furnished by the Department.
    SEC. 727. EXPANSION OF VET CENTER PROGRAM TO INCLUDE FURNISHING 
      COUNSELING TO CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR 
      FAMILY MEMBERS.
    Section 1712A of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``Upon the 
            request'' and all that follows through the period at the 
            end and inserting ``Upon the request of any individual 
            referred to in subparagraph (C), the Secretary shall 
            furnish counseling, including by furnishing counseling 
            through a Vet Center, to the individual--
        ``(i) in the case of an individual referred to in clauses (i) 
    through (iv) of subparagraph (C), to assist the individual in 
    readjusting to civilian life; and
        ``(ii) in the case of an individual referred to in clause (v) 
    of such subparagraph who is a family member of a veteran or member 
    described in such clause--
            ``(I) in the case of a member who is deployed in a theater 
        of combat operations or an area at a time during which 
        hostilities are occurring in that area, during such deployment 
        to assist such individual in coping with such deployment; and
            ``(II) in the case of a veteran or member who is 
        readjusting to civilian life, to the degree that counseling 
        furnished to such individual is found to aid in the 
        readjustment of such veteran or member to civilian life.''; and
                (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
            following new subparagraphs:
    ``(B) Counseling furnished to an individual under subparagraph (A) 
may include a comprehensive individual assessment of the individual's 
psychological, social, and other characteristics to ascertain whether--
        ``(i) in the case of an individual referred to in clauses (i) 
    through (iv) of subparagraph (C), such individual has difficulties 
    associated with readjusting to civilian life; and
        ``(ii) in the case of an individual referred to in clause (v) 
    of such subparagraph, such individual has difficulties associated 
    with--
            ``(I) coping with the deployment of a member described in 
        subclause (I) of such clause; or
            ``(II) readjustment to civilian life of a veteran or member 
        described in subclause (II) of such clause.
    ``(C) Subparagraph (A) applies to the following individuals:
        ``(i) Any individual who is a veteran or member of the Armed 
    Forces, including a member of a reserve component of the Armed 
    Forces, who served on active duty in a theater of combat operations 
    or an area at a time during which hostilities occurred in that 
    area.
        ``(ii) Any individual who is a veteran or member of the Armed 
    Forces, including a member of a reserve component of the Armed 
    Forces, who provided direct emergency medical or mental health 
    care, or mortuary services to the causalities of combat operations 
    or hostilities, but who at the time was located outside the theater 
    of combat operations or area of hostilities.
        ``(iii) Any individual who is a veteran or member of the Armed 
    Forces, including a member of a reserve component of the Armed 
    Forces, who engaged in combat with an enemy of the United States or 
    against an opposing military force in a theater of combat 
    operations or an area at a time during which hostilities occurred 
    in that area by remotely controlling an unmanned aerial vehicle, 
    notwithstanding whether the physical location of such veteran or 
    member during such combat was within such theater of combat 
    operations or area.
        ``(iv) Any individual who received counseling under this 
    section before the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013.
        ``(v) Any individual who is a family member of any--
            ``(I) member of the Armed Forces, including a member of a 
        reserve component of the Armed Forces, who is serving on active 
        duty in a theater of combat operations or in an area at a time 
        during which hostilities are occurring in that area; or
            ``(II) veteran or member of the Armed Forces described in 
        this subparagraph.'';
            (B) by striking paragraph (2);
            (C) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2); and
            (D) in paragraph (2), as redesignated by subparagraph (C)--
                (i) by striking ``a veteran described in paragraph 
            (1)(B)(iii)'' and inserting ``an individual described in 
            paragraph (1)(C)''; and
                (ii) by striking ``the veteran a preliminary general 
            mental health assessment'' and inserting ``the individual a 
            comprehensive individual assessment as described in 
            paragraph (1)(B)'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``physician or 
    psychologist'' each place it appears and inserting ``licensed or 
    certified mental health care provider'';
        (3) in subsection (g)--
            (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
        ``(1) The term `Vet Center' means a facility which is operated 
    by the Department for the provision of services under this section 
    and which is situated apart from Department general health care 
    facilities.''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) The term `family member', with respect to a veteran or 
    member of the Armed Forces, means an individual who--
            ``(A) is a member of the family of the veteran or member, 
        including--
                ``(i) a parent;
                ``(ii) a spouse;
                ``(iii) a child;
                ``(iv) a step-family member; and
                ``(v) an extended family member; or
            ``(B) lives with the veteran or member but is not a member 
        of the family of the veteran or member.''; and
        (4) by redesignating subsection (g), as amended by paragraph 
    (3), as subsection (h) and inserting after subsection (f) the 
    following new subsection (g):
    ``(g) In carrying out this section and in furtherance of the 
Secretary's responsibility to carry out outreach activities under 
chapter 63 of this title, the Secretary may provide for and facilitate 
the participation of personnel employed by the Secretary to provide 
services under this section in recreational programs that are--
        ``(1) designed to encourage the readjustment of veterans 
    described in subsection (a)(1)(C); and
        ``(2) operated by any organization named in or approved under 
    section 5902 of this title.''.
    SEC. 728. ORGANIZATION OF THE READJUSTMENT COUNSELING SERVICE IN 
      THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 73 of title 38, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 7309. Readjustment Counseling Service
    ``(a) In General.--There is in the Veterans Health Administration a 
Readjustment Counseling Service. The Readjustment Counseling Service 
shall provide readjustment counseling and associated services to 
individuals in accordance with section 1712A of this title.
    ``(b) Chief Officer.--(1) The head of the Readjustment Counseling 
Service shall be the Chief Officer of the Readjustment Counseling 
Service (in this section referred to as the `Chief Officer'), who shall 
report directly to the Under Secretary for Health.
    ``(2) The Chief Officer shall be appointed by the Under Secretary 
for Health from among individuals who--
        ``(A)(i) are psychologists who hold a diploma as a doctorate in 
    clinical or counseling psychology from an authority approved by the 
    American Psychological Association and who have successfully 
    undergone an internship approved by that association;
        ``(ii) are holders of a master in social work degree; or
        ``(iii) hold such other advanced degrees related to mental 
    health as the Secretary considers appropriate;
        ``(B) have at least three years of experience providing direct 
    counseling services or outreach services in the Readjustment 
    Counseling Service;
        ``(C) have at least three years of experience administrating 
    direct counseling services or outreach services in the Readjustment 
    Counseling Service;
        ``(D) meet the quality standards and requirements of the 
    Department; and
        ``(E) are veterans who served in combat as members of the Armed 
    Forces.
    ``(c) Structure.--(1) The Readjustment Counseling Service is a 
distinct organizational element within Veterans Health Administration.
    ``(2) The Readjustment Counseling Service shall provide counseling 
and services as described in subsection (a).
    ``(3) The Chief Officer shall have direct authority over all 
Readjustment Counseling Service staff and assets, including Vet 
Centers.
    ``(d) Source of Funds.--(1) Amounts for the activities of the 
Readjustment Counseling Service, including the operations of its Vet 
Centers, shall be derived from amounts appropriated for the Veterans 
Health Administration for medical care.
    ``(2) Amounts for activities of the Readjustment Counseling 
Service, including the operations of its Vet Centers, shall not be 
allocated through the Veterans Equitable Resource Allocation system.
    ``(3) In each budget request submitted for the Department of 
Veterans Affairs by the President to Congress under section 1105 of 
title 31, the budget request for the Readjustment Counseling Service 
shall be listed separately.
    ``(e) Annual Report.--(1) Not later than March 15 of each year, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the 
Senate and the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
Representatives a report on the activities of the Readjustment 
Counseling Service during the preceding calendar year.
    ``(2) Each report submitted under paragraph (1) shall include, with 
respect to the period covered by the report, the following:
        ``(A) A summary of the activities of the Readjustment 
    Counseling Service, including Vet Centers.
        ``(B) A description of the workload and additional treatment 
    capacity of the Vet Centers, including, for each Vet Center, the 
    ratio of the number of full-time equivalent employees at such Vet 
    Center and the number of individuals who received services or 
    assistance at such Vet Center.
        ``(C) A detailed analysis of demand for and unmet need for 
    readjustment counseling services and the Secretary's plan for 
    meeting such unmet need.
    ``(f) Vet Center Defined.--In this section, the term `Vet Center' 
has the meaning given the term in section 1712A(h)(1) of this title.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 73 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 7308 the following new item:

``7309. Readjustment Counseling Service.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 7305 of such title is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new 
    paragraph (7):
        ``(7) A Readjustment Counseling Service.''.
    SEC. 729. RECRUITMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH PROVIDERS FOR FURNISHING 
      MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES ON BEHALF OF THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS 
      AFFAIRS WITHOUT COMPENSATION FROM THE DEPARTMENT.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall carry out 
a national program of outreach to societies, community organizations, 
nonprofit organizations, and government entities in order to recruit 
mental health providers who meet the quality standards and requirements 
of the Department of Veterans Affairs to provide mental health services 
for the Department on a part-time, without-compensation basis, under 
section 7405 of title 38, United States Code.
    (b) Partnering With and Developing Community Entities and Nonprofit 
Organizations.--In carrying out the program required by subsection (a), 
the Secretary may partner with a community entity or nonprofit 
organization or assist in the development of a community entity or 
nonprofit organization, including by entering into an agreement under 
section 8153 of title 38, United States Code, that provides strategic 
coordination of the societies, organizations, and government entities 
described in subsection (a) in order to maximize the availability and 
efficient delivery of mental health services to veterans by such 
societies, organizations, and government entities.
    (c) Military Culture Training.--In carrying out the program 
required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide training to 
mental health providers to ensure that clinicians who provide mental 
health services as described in such subsection have sufficient 
understanding of military-specific and service-specific culture, combat 
experience, and other factors that are unique to the experience of 
veterans who served in Operation Enduring Freedom, Operating Iraqi 
Freedom, or Operation New Dawn.
    SEC. 730. PEER SUPPORT.
    (a) Peer Support Counseling Program.--
        (1) Program required.--Paragraph (1) of section 1720F(j) of 
    title 38, United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding 
    subparagraph (A) by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall''.
        (2) Training.--Paragraph (2) of such section is amended by 
    inserting after ``peer counselors'' the following: ``, including 
    training carried out under the national program of training 
    required by section 304(c) of the Caregivers and Veterans Omnibus 
    Health Services Act of 2010 (38 U.S.C. 1712A note)''.
        (3) Availability of program at department medical centers.--
    Such section is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(3) In addition to other locations the Secretary considers 
appropriate, the Secretary shall carry out the peer support program 
under this subsection at each Department medical center.''.
        (4) Deadline for commencement of program.--The Secretary of 
    Veterans Affairs shall ensure that the peer support counseling 
    program required by section 1720F(j) of title 38, United States 
    Code, as amended by this subsection, commences at each Department 
    of Veterans Affairs medical center not later than 270 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Peer Outreach and Peer Support Services at Department Medical 
Centers Under Program on Readjustment and Mental Health Care Services 
for Veterans Who Served in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation 
Iraqi Freedom.--
        (1) In general.--Section 304 of the Caregivers and Veterans 
    Omnibus Health Services Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-163; 38 U.S.C. 
    1712A note) is amended--
            (A) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
            (B) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection (e):
    ``(e) Provision of Peer Outreach and Peer Support Services at 
Department Medical Centers.--The Secretary shall carry out the services 
required by subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (a)(1) at each 
Department medical center.''.
        (2) Deadline.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall commence 
    carrying out the services required by subparagraphs (A) and (B) of 
    subsection (a)(1) of such section at each Department of Veterans 
    Affairs medical center, as required by subsection (e) of such 
    section (as added by paragraph (1)), not later than 270 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act.

                 Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 731. PLAN FOR REFORM OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE MILITARY 
      HEALTH SYSTEM.
    (a) Detailed Plan.--In implementing reforms to the governance of 
the military health system described in the memorandum of the Deputy 
Secretary of Defense dated March 2012, the Secretary of Defense shall 
develop a detailed plan to carry out such reform.
    (b) Elements.--The plan developed under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) Goals to achieve while carrying out the reform described in 
    subsection (a), including goals with respect to improving clinical 
    and business practices, cost reductions, infrastructure reductions, 
    and personnel reductions, achieved by establishing the Defense 
    Health Agency, carrying out shared services, and modifying the 
    governance of the National Capital Region.
        (2) Metrics to evaluate the achievement of each goal under 
    paragraph (1) with respect to the purpose, objective, and 
    improvements made by each such goal.
        (3) The personnel levels required for the Defense Health Agency 
    and the National Capital Region Medical Directorate.
        (4) A detailed schedule to carry out the reform described in 
    subsection (a), including a schedule for meeting the goals under 
    paragraph (1).
        (5) Detailed information describing the initial operating 
    capability of the Defense Health Agency.
        (6) With respect to each shared service that the Secretary will 
    implement during fiscal year 2013 or 2014--
            (A) a timeline for such implementation; and
            (B) a business case analysis detailing--
                (i) the services that will be consolidated into the 
            shared service;
                (ii) the purpose of the shared service;
                (iii) the scope of the responsibilities and goals for 
            the shared service;
                (iv) the cost of implementing the shared service, 
            including the costs regarding personnel severance, 
            relocation, military construction, information technology, 
            and contractor support; and
                (v) the anticipated cost savings to be realized by 
            implementing the shared service.
    (c) Submission.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees the plan developed under subsection 
(a) as follows:
        (1) The contents of the plan described in paragraphs (1) and 
    (4) of subsection (b) shall be submitted not later than March 31, 
    2013.
        (2) The contents of the plan described in paragraphs (2) and 
    (3) of subsection (b) and paragraph (6) of such subsection with 
    respect to shared services implemented during fiscal year 2013 
    shall be submitted not later than June 30, 2013.
        (3) The contents of the plan described in paragraph (6) of such 
    subsection with respect to shared services implemented during 
    fiscal year 2014 shall be submitted not later than September 30, 
    2013.
    (d) Limitations.--
        (1) First submission.--Of the funds authorized to be 
    appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
    year 2013 for the accounts and activities described in paragraph 
    (4), not more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until 
    the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the 
    congressional defense committees the contents of the plan under 
    subsection (c)(1).
        (2) Second submission.--Of the funds authorized to be 
    appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
    year 2013 for the accounts and activities described in paragraph 
    (4), not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until 
    the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the 
    congressional defense committees the contents of the plan under 
    subsection (c)(2).
        (3) Comptroller general review.--The Comptroller General of the 
    United States shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
    a review of the contents of the plan submitted under each of 
    paragraphs (1) and (2) to assess whether the Secretary of Defense 
    meets the requirements of such contents.
        (4) Accounts and activities described.--The accounts and 
    activities described in this paragraph are as follows:
            (A) Operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, for the Office 
        of the Secretary of Defense for travel.
            (B) Operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, for the Office 
        of the Secretary of Defense for management professional support 
        services.
            (C) Operation and maintenance, Defense Health Program, for 
        travel.
            (D) Operation and maintenance, Defense Health Program, for 
        management professional support services.
    (e) Shared Services Defined.--In this section, the term ``shared 
services'' means the common services required for each military 
department to provide medical support to the Armed Forces and 
authorized beneficiaries.
    SEC. 732. FUTURE AVAILABILITY OF TRICARE PRIME THROUGHOUT THE 
      UNITED STATES.
    (a) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report setting forth the policy of the Department 
    of Defense on the future availability of TRICARE Prime under the 
    TRICARE program for eligible beneficiaries in all TRICARE regions 
    throughout the United States.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A description, by region, of the difference in 
        availability of TRICARE Prime for eligible beneficiaries (other 
        than eligible beneficiaries on active duty in the Armed Forces) 
        under newly awarded TRICARE managed care contracts, including, 
        in particular, an identification of the regions or areas in 
        which TRICARE Prime will no longer be available for such 
        beneficiaries under such contracts.
            (B) An estimate of the increased costs to be incurred by an 
        affected eligible beneficiary for health care under the TRICARE 
        program.
            (C) An estimate of the savings to be achieved by the 
        Department as a result of the contracts described in 
        subparagraph (A).
            (D) A description of the plans of the Department to 
        continue to assess the impact on access to health care for 
        affected eligible beneficiaries.
            (E) A description of the plan of the Department to provide 
        assistance to affected eligible beneficiaries who are 
        transitioning from TRICARE Prime to TRICARE Standard, including 
        assistance with respect to identifying health care providers.
            (F) Any other matter the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``affected eligible beneficiary'' means an 
    eligible beneficiary under the TRICARE Program (other than eligible 
    beneficiaries on active duty in the Armed Forces) who, as of the 
    date of the enactment of this Act--
            (A) is enrolled in TRICARE Prime; and
            (B) resides in a region of the United States in which 
        TRICARE Prime enrollment will no longer be available for such 
        beneficiary under a contract described in subsection (a)(2)(A) 
        that does not allow for such enrollment because of the location 
        in which such beneficiary resides.
        (2) The term ``TRICARE Prime'' means the managed care option of 
    the TRICARE program.
        (3) The term ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 1072(7) of title 10, United States Code.
        (4) The term ``TRICARE Standard'' means the fee-for-service 
    option of the TRICARE Program.
    SEC. 733. EXTENSION OF COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON CONTRACT 
      HEALTH CARE STAFFING FOR MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.
    Section 726(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1480) is amended by striking 
``March 31, 2012'' and inserting ``March 31, 2013''.
    SEC. 734. EXTENSION OF COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON WOMEN-SPECIFIC 
      HEALTH SERVICES AND TREATMENT FOR FEMALE MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES.
    Section 725(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1480) is amended by striking 
``December 31, 2012'' and inserting ``March 31, 2013''.
    SEC. 735. STUDY ON HEALTH CARE AND RELATED SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN OF 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
health care and related support provided by the Secretary to dependent 
children.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) A comprehensive review of the policies of the Secretary and 
    the TRICARE program with respect to providing pediatric care.
        (2) An assessment of access to pediatric health care by 
    dependent children in appropriate settings.
        (3) An assessment of access to specialty care by dependent 
    children, including care for children with special health care 
    needs.
        (4) A comprehensive review and analysis of reimbursement under 
    the TRICARE program for pediatric care.
        (5) An assessment of the adequacy of the ECHO Program in 
    meeting the needs of dependent children with extraordinary health 
    care needs.
        (6) An assessment of the adequacy of care management for 
    dependent children with special health care needs.
        (7) An assessment of the support provided through other 
    Department of Defense or military department programs and policies 
    that support the physical and behavorial health of dependent 
    children, including children with special health care needs.
        (8) Mechanisms for linking dependent children with special 
    health care needs with State and local community resources, 
    including children's hospitals and providers of pediatric specialty 
    care.
        (9) Strategies to mitigate the impact of frequent relocations 
    related to military service on the continuity of health care 
    services for dependent children, including children with special 
    health and behavioral health care needs.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the study under subsection (a), 
including--
        (1) the findings of the study;
        (2) a plan to improve and continuously monitor the access of 
    dependent children to quality health care; and
        (3) any recommendations for legislation that the Secretary 
    considers necessary to maintain the highest quality of health care 
    for dependent children.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``dependent children'' means the children of 
    members of the Armed Forces who are covered beneficiaries under 
    chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The term ``ECHO Program'' means the Extended Care Health 
    Option under subsections (d) through (f) of section 1079 of title 
    10, United States Code.
    SEC. 736. REPORT ON STRATEGY TO TRANSITION TO USE OF HUMAN-BASED 
      METHODS FOR CERTAIN MEDICAL TRAINING.
    (a) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2013, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report that outlines a strategy, including a detailed timeline, to 
    refine and, when appropriate, transition to using human-based 
    training methods for the purpose of training members of the Armed 
    Forces in the treatment of combat trauma injuries.
        (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
    following:
            (A) Required research, development, testing, and evaluation 
        investments to validate human-based training methods to refine, 
        reduce, and, when appropriate, transition from the use of live 
        animals in medical education and training.
            (B) Phased sustainment and readiness costs to refine, 
        reduce, and, when appropriate, replace the use of live animals 
        in medical education and training.
            (C) Any risks associated with transitioning to human-based 
        training methods, including resource availability, anticipated 
        technological development timelines, and potential impact on 
        the present combat trauma training curricula.
            (D) An assessment of the potential effect of transitioning 
        to human-based training methods on the quality of medical care 
        delivered on the battlefield, including any reduction in the 
        competency of combat medical personnel.
            (E) An assessment of risks to maintaining the level of 
        combat life-saver techniques performed by all members of the 
        Armed Forces.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``combat trauma injuries'' means severe injuries 
    likely to occur during combat, including--
            (A) extremity hemorrhage;
            (B) tension pneumothorax;
            (C) amputation resulting from blast injury;
            (D) compromises to the airway; and
            (E) other injuries.
        (2) The term ``human-based training methods'' means, with 
    respect to training individuals in medical treatment, the use of 
    systems and devices that do not use animals, including--
            (A) simulators;
            (B) partial task trainers;
            (C) moulage;
            (D) simulated combat environments; and
            (E) human cadavers.
        (3) The term ``partial task trainers'' means training aids that 
    allow individuals to learn or practice specific medical procedures.
    SEC. 737. STUDY ON INCIDENCE OF BREAST CANCER AMONG MEMBERS OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES SERVING ON ACTIVE DUTY.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
incidence of breast cancer among members of the Armed Forces serving on 
active duty.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) A determination of the number of members of the Armed 
    Forces who served on active duty at any time during the period from 
    2000 to 2010 who were diagnosed with breast cancer during such 
    period.
        (2) A determination of demographic information regarding such 
    members, including race, ethnicity, sex, age, and rank.
        (3) An analysis of breast cancer treatments received by such 
    members and the source of such treatment.
        (4) The availability and training of breast cancer specialists 
    within the military health system.
        (5) A comparison of the rates of members of the Armed Forces 
    serving on active duty who have breast cancer to civilian 
    populations with comparable demographic characteristics.
        (6) Identification of potential factors associated with 
    military service that could increase the risk of breast cancer for 
    members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty.
        (7) A description of a research agenda to further the 
    understanding of the Department of Defense of the incidence of 
    breast cancer among such members.
        (8) An assessment of the effectiveness of outreach to members 
    of the Armed Forces to identify risks of, prevent, detect, and 
    treat breast cancer.
        (9) Recommendations for changes to policy or law that could 
    improve the prevention, early detection, awareness, and treatment 
    of breast cancer among members of the Armed Forces serving on 
    active duty.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the findings and recommendations of the 
study under subsection (a), including a description of any further 
unique military research needed with respect to breast cancer.
    SEC. 738. PERFORMANCE METRICS AND REPORTS ON WARRIORS IN TRANSITION 
      PROGRAMS OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS.
    (a) Metrics Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
policy containing uniform performance outcome measurements to be used 
by each Secretary of a military department in tracking and monitoring 
members of the Armed Forces in Warriors in Transition programs.
    (b) Elements.--The policy established under subsection (a) shall 
identify outcome measurements with respect to the following:
        (1) Physical health and behavioral health.
        (2) Rehabilitation.
        (3) Educational and vocational preparation.
        (4) Such other matters as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Milestones.--In establishing the policy under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall establish metrics and milestones for 
members in Warriors in Transition programs. Such metrics and milestones 
shall cover members throughout the course of care and rehabilitation in 
Warriors in Transitions programs by applying to the following 
occasions:
        (1) When the member commences participation in the program.
        (2) At least once each year the member participates in the 
    program.
        (3) When the member ceases participation in the program or is 
    transferred to the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Veterans 
    Affairs.
    (d) Cohort Groups and Parameters.--The policy established under 
subsection (a)--
        (1) may differentiate among cohort groups within the population 
    of members in Warriors in Transition programs, as appropriate; and
        (2) shall include parameters for specific outcome measurements 
    in each element under subsection (b) and each metric and milestone 
    under subsection (c).
    (e) Reports Required.--
        (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report on the policy 
    established under subsection (a), including the outcome 
    measurements for each element under subsection (b) and each metric 
    and milestone under subsection (c).
        (2) Annual reports.--Not later than February of each year 
    beginning in 2014 and ending in 2018, the Secretary of Defense 
    shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
    the performance of the military departments with respect to the 
    policy established under subsection (a). Each report shall 
    include--
            (A) an analysis of--
                (i) data on improvements in the progress of members in 
            Warriors in Transition programs in each specific area 
            identified in the policy;
                (ii) access to health and rehabilitation services by 
            such members, including average appointment waiting times 
            by specialty;
                (iii) effectiveness of the programs in assisting in the 
            transition of such members to military duty or civilian 
            life through education and vocational assistance;
                (iv) any differences in outcomes in Warriors in 
            Transition programs, and the reason for any such 
            differences; and
                (v) the quantities and effectiveness of medical and 
            nonmedical case managers, legal support and physical 
            evaluation board liaison officers, mental health care 
            providers, and medical evaluation physicians in comparison 
            to the actual number of members requiring such services; 
            and
            (B) such other results and analyses as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate, including any recommendations for 
        legislation if needed.
    (f) Warriors in Transition Program Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``Warriors in Transition program'' means any major support program 
of the Armed Forces for members of the Armed Forces with severe wounds, 
illnesses, or injuries that is intended to provide such members with 
nonmedical case management service and care coordination services, and 
includes the programs as follows:
        (1) Warrior Transition Units and the Wounded Warrior Program of 
    the Army.
        (2) The Wounded Warrior Safe Harbor program of the Navy.
        (3) The Wounded Warrior Regiment of the Marine Corps.
        (4) The Recovery Care Program and the Wounded Warrior programs 
    of the Air Force.
        (5) The Care Coalition of the United States Special Operations 
    Command.
    SEC. 739. PLAN TO ELIMINATE GAPS AND REDUNDANCIES IN PROGRAMS OF 
      THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ON PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH AND TRAUMATIC 
      BRAIN INJURY.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--Congress supports the efforts of the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the Secretary of Defense to educate 
members of the Armed Forces, veterans, the families of such members and 
veterans, the medical community, and the public with respect to the 
causes, symptoms, and treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder.
    (b) Plan.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a plan to improve the coordination and integration 
    of the programs of the Department of Defense that address traumatic 
    brain injury and the psychological health of members of the Armed 
    Forces.
        (2) Elements.--The plan under paragraph (1) shall include the 
    following:
            (A) Identification of--
                (i) any gaps in services and treatments provided by the 
            programs of the Department of Defense that address 
            traumatic brain injury and the psychological health of 
            members of the Armed Forces; and
                (ii) any unnecessary redundancies in such programs.
            (B) A plan for mitigating the gaps and redundancies 
        identified under subparagraph (A).
            (C) Identification of the official within the Department 
        who will be responsible for leading the implementation of the 
        plan described in paragraph (1).

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Treatment of procurements on behalf of the Department of 
          Defense through the Work for Others program of the Department 
          of Energy.
Sec. 802. Review and justification of pass-through contracts.
Sec. 803. Availability of amounts in Defense Acquisition Workforce 
          Development Fund.
Sec. 804. Department of Defense policy on contractor profits.
Sec. 805. Modification of authorities on internal controls for 
          procurements on behalf of the Department of Defense by certain 
          nondefense agencies.
Sec. 806. Extension of authority relating to management of supply-chain 
          risk.
Sec. 807. Sense of Congress on the continuing progress of the Department 
          of Defense in implementing its Item Unique Identification 
          Initiative.

  Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 811. Limitation on use of cost-type contracts.
Sec. 812. Estimates of potential termination liability of contracts for 
          the development or production of major defense acquisition 
          programs.
Sec. 813. Technical change regarding programs experiencing critical cost 
          growth due to change in quantity purchased.
Sec. 814. Repeal of requirement to review ongoing programs initiated 
          before enactment of Milestone B certification and approval 
          process.

 Subtitle C--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 821. Modification of time period for congressional notification of 
          the lease of certain vessels by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 822. Extension of authority for use of simplified acquisition 
          procedures for certain commercial items.
Sec. 823. Codification and amendment relating to life-cycle management 
          and product support requirements.
Sec. 824. Codification of requirement relating to Government performance 
          of critical acquisition functions.
Sec. 825. Competition in acquisition of major subsystems and 
          subassemblies on major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 826. Compliance with Berry Amendment required for uniform 
          components supplied to Afghan military or Afghan National 
          Police.
Sec. 827. Enhancement of whistleblower protections for contractor 
          employees.
Sec. 828. Pilot program for enhancement of contractor employee 
          whistleblower protections.
Sec. 829. Extension of contractor conflict of interest limitations.
Sec. 830. Repeal of sunset for certain protests of task and delivery 
          order contracts.
Sec. 831. Guidance and training related to evaluating reasonableness of 
          price.
Sec. 832. Department of Defense access to, use of, and safeguards and 
          protections for contractor internal audit reports.
Sec. 833. Contractor responsibilities in regulations relating to 
          detection and avoidance of counterfeit electronic parts.

 Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Contracts in Support of Contingency 
                               Operations

Sec. 841. Extension and expansion of authority to acquire products and 
          services produced in countries along a major route of supply 
          to Afghanistan.
Sec. 842. Limitation on authority to acquire products and services 
          produced in Afghanistan.
Sec. 843. Responsibility within Department of Defense for operational 
          contract support.
Sec. 844. Data collection on contract support for future overseas 
          contingency operations involving combat operations.
Sec. 845. Inclusion of operational contract support in certain 
          requirements for Department of Defense planning, joint 
          professional military education, and management structure.
Sec. 846. Requirements for risk assessments related to contractor 
          performance.
Sec. 847. Extension and modification of reports on contracting in Iraq 
          and Afghanistan.
Sec. 848. Responsibilities of inspectors general for overseas 
          contingency operations.
Sec. 849. Oversight of contracts and contracting activities for overseas 
          contingency operations in responsibilities of Chief 
          Acquisition Officers of Federal agencies.
Sec. 850. Reports on responsibility within Department of State and the 
          United States Agency for International Development for 
          contract support for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 851. Database on price trends of items and services under Federal 
          contracts.
Sec. 852. Information on corporate contractor performance and integrity 
          through the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity 
          Information System.
Sec. 853. Inclusion of data on contractor performance in past 
          performance databases for executive agency source selection 
          decisions.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 861. Requirements and limitations for suspension and debarment 
          officials of the Department of Defense, the Department of 
          State, and the United States Agency for International 
          Development.
Sec. 862. Uniform contract writing system requirements.
Sec. 863. Extension of other transaction authority.
Sec. 864. Report on allowable costs of compensation of contractor 
          employees.
Sec. 865. Reports on use of indemnification agreements.
Sec. 866. Plan to increase number of contractors eligible for contracts 
          under Air Force NETCENTS-2 contract.
Sec. 867. Inclusion of information on prevalent grounds for sustaining 
          bid protests in annual protest report by Comptroller General 
          to Congress.

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

    SEC. 801. TREATMENT OF PROCUREMENTS ON BEHALF OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE THROUGH THE WORK FOR OTHERS PROGRAM OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
      ENERGY.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (d) of section 801 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is 
amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``defense'' and 
    inserting ``applicable'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as subparagraphs 
    (A) and (B), respectively;
        (3) by striking ``For the purposes'' and inserting ``(1) Except 
    as provided in paragraph (2), for the purposes'';
        (4) in paragraph (1), as designated by paragraph (3) of this 
    subsection, by striking ``defense procurement'' and inserting 
    ``applicable procurement''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (2):
    ``(2) In the case of the procurement of property or services on 
behalf of the Department of Defense through the Work for Others program 
of the Department of Energy, the laws and regulations applicable under 
paragraph (1)(B) are the Department of Energy Acquisition Regulations, 
pertinent interagency agreements, and Department of Defense and 
Department of Energy policies related to the Work for Others 
program.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended by 
striking ``defense procurement'' and inserting ``applicable 
procurement'' each place it appears as follows:
        (1) Subsection (a)(1)(B).
        (2) Subsection (a)(4) (as redesignated by section 805(a)(3)).
        (3) Subsection (a)(4)(A) (as redesignated by section 
    805(a)(3)).
        (4) Subsection (b)(1)(A).
        (5) Subsection (b)(1)(B)(ii).
        (6) Subsection (c)(2)(F).
    SEC. 802. REVIEW AND JUSTIFICATION OF PASS-THROUGH CONTRACTS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of State, and the 
Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development 
shall issue such guidance and regulations as may be necessary to ensure 
that in any case in which an offeror for a contract or a task or 
delivery order informs the agency pursuant to section 52.215-22 of the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation that the offeror intends to award 
subcontracts for more than 70 percent of the total cost of work to be 
performed under the contract, task order, or delivery order, the 
contracting officer for the contract is required to--
        (1) consider the availability of alternative contract vehicles 
    and the feasibility of contracting directly with a subcontractor or 
    subcontractors that will perform the bulk of the work;
        (2) make a written determination that the contracting approach 
    selected is in the best interest of the Government; and
        (3) document the basis for such determination.
    SEC. 803. AVAILABILITY OF AMOUNTS IN DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE 
      DEVELOPMENT FUND.
    (a) In General.--Section 1705 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (d)(2)(C), by striking clauses (i) through 
    (vi) and inserting the following:
            ``(i) For fiscal year 2013, $500,000,000.
            ``(ii) For fiscal year 2014, $800,000,000.
            ``(iii) For fiscal year 2015, $700,000,000.
            ``(iv) For fiscal year 2016, $600,000,000.
            ``(v) For fiscal year 2017, $500,000,000.
            ``(vi) For fiscal year 2018, $400,000,000.'';
        (2) in subsection (e)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following 
        new sentence: ``In the case of temporary members of the 
        acquisition workforce designated pursuant to subsection (h)(2), 
        such funds shall be available only for the limited purpose of 
        providing training in the performance of acquisition-related 
        functions and duties.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (5), by inserting before the period at the 
        end the following: ``, and who has continued in the employment 
        of the Department since such time without a break in such 
        employment of more than a year'';
        (3) by striking subsection (g);
        (4) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (g); and
        (5) by adding at the end the following new subsection (h):
    ``(h) Acquisition Workforce Defined.--In this section, the term 
`acquisition workforce' means the following:
        ``(1) Personnel in positions designated under section 1721 of 
    this title as acquisition positions for purposes of this chapter.
        ``(2) Other military personnel or civilian employees of the 
    Department of Defense who--
            ``(A) contribute significantly to the acquisition process 
        by virtue of their assigned duties; and
            ``(B) are designated as temporary members of the 
        acquisition workforce by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, or by the senior 
        acquisition executive of a military department, for the limited 
        purpose of receiving training for the performance of 
        acquisition-related functions and duties.''.
    (b) Extension of Expedited Hiring Authority.--Subsection (g) of 
such section, as redesignated by subsection (a)(4) of this section, is 
further amended in paragraph (2) by striking ``September 30, 2015'' and 
inserting ``September 30, 2017''.
    (c) Plan Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics shall develop a plan for the implementation 
of the authority provided by the amendments made by subsection (a) with 
regard to temporary members of the defense acquisition workforce. The 
plan shall include policy, criteria, and processes for designating 
temporary members and appropriate safeguards to prevent the abuse of 
such authority.
    SEC. 804. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE POLICY ON CONTRACTOR PROFITS.
    (a) Review of Guidelines on Profits.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall review the profit guidelines in the Department of Defense 
Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation in order to identify 
any modifications to such guidelines that are necessary to ensure an 
appropriate link between contractor profit and contractor performance. 
In conducting the review, the Secretary shall obtain the views of 
experts and interested parties in Government and the private sector.
    (b) Matters To Be Considered.--In conducting the review required by 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider, at a minimum, the 
following:
        (1) Appropriate levels of profit needed to sustain competition 
    in the defense industry, taking into account contractor investment 
    and cash flow.
        (2) Appropriate adjustments to address contract and performance 
    risk assumed by the contractor, taking into account the extent to 
    which such risk is passed on to subcontractors.
        (3) Appropriate incentives for superior performance in 
    delivering quality products and services in a timely and cost-
    effective manner, taking into account such factors as prime 
    contractor cost reduction, control of overhead costs, subcontractor 
    cost reduction, subcontractor management, and effective competition 
    (including the use of small business) at the subcontract level.
    (c) Modification of Guidelines.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall modify the 
profit guidelines described in subsection (a) to make such changes as 
the Secretary determines to be appropriate based on the review 
conducted pursuant to that subsection.
    SEC. 805. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES ON INTERNAL CONTROLS FOR 
      PROCUREMENTS ON BEHALF OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BY CERTAIN 
      NONDEFENSE AGENCIES.
    (a) Discretionary Authority.--Subsection (a) of section 801 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (10 U.S.C. 2304 
note) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``shall, not later than the 
    date specified in paragraph (2),'' and inserting ``may'';
        (2) by striking paragraph (2);
        (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6) as paragraphs 
    (2) through (5), respectively;
        (4) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by paragraph (3) of this 
    subsection--
            (A) by striking ``required under this subsection'' and 
        inserting ``to be performed under this subsection''; and
            (B) by striking ``shall'' and inserting ``may''; and
        (5) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated, by striking ``shall'' 
    and inserting ``may''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Subsection (b)(1)(B) of such section is 
amended--
        (1) in clause (i), by striking ``required by subsection 
    (a)(4)'' and inserting ``to be entered into under subsection 
    (a)(3)''; and
        (2) in clause (ii)--
            (A) by striking ``required by subsection (a)'' and 
        inserting ``provided for under subsection (a)''; and
            (B) by striking ``subsection (a)(5)'' and inserting 
        ``subsection (a)(4)''.
    SEC. 806. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY RELATING TO MANAGEMENT OF SUPPLY-
      CHAIN RISK.
    (a) Extension.--Section 806(g) of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 
4262; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking ``the date that is 
three years after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting 
``September 30, 2018''.
    (b) Verification of Effective Implementation.--Section 806 of such 
Act is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(h) Verification of Effective Implementation.--
        ``(1) Criteria and data collection to measure effectiveness.--
    The Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(A) establish criteria for measuring the effectiveness of 
        the authority provided by this section; and
            ``(B) collect data to evaluate the implementation of this 
        section using such criteria.
        ``(2) Reports.--The Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
    congressional committees--
            ``(A) not later than March 1, 2013, a report on the 
        criteria established under paragraph (1)(A); and
            ``(B) not later than January 1, 2017, a report on the 
        effectiveness of the implementation of this section, based on 
        data collected under paragraph (1)(B).''.
    (c) Technical Amendment.--Section 806(f)(2) of such Act is amended 
by striking ``that awarded'' and inserting ``that are awarded''.
    SEC. 807. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE CONTINUING PROGRESS OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IN IMPLEMENTING ITS ITEM UNIQUE 
      IDENTIFICATION INITIATIVE.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) In 2003, the Department of Defense initiated the Item 
    Unique Identification (IUID) Initiative, which requires the marking 
    and tracking of assets deployed throughout the Armed Forces or in 
    the possession of Department contractors.
        (2) The Initiative has the potential for realizing significant 
    cost savings and improving the management of defense equipment and 
    supplies throughout their lifecycle.
        (3) The Initiative can help the Department combat the growing 
    problem of counterfeit parts in the military supply chain.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress--
        (1) to support efforts by the Department of Defense to 
    implement the Item Unique Identification Initiative;
        (2) to support measures to verify contractor compliance with 
    section 252.211-7003 (entitled ``Item Identification and 
    Valuation'') of the Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition 
    Regulation, on Unique Identification, which states that a unique 
    identification equivalent recognized by the Department is required 
    for certain acquisitions;
        (3) to encourage the Armed Forces to adopt and implement Item 
    Unique Identification actions and milestones; and
        (4) to support investment of sufficient resources and continued 
    training and leadership to enable the Department to capture 
    meaningful data and optimize the benefits of the Item Unique 
    Identification Initiative.

 Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

    SEC. 811. LIMITATION ON USE OF COST-TYPE CONTRACTS.
    (a) Prohibition With Respect to Production of Major Defense 
Acquisition Programs.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall modify the 
acquisition regulations of the Department of Defense to prohibit the 
Department from entering into cost-type contracts for the production of 
major defense acquisition programs.
    (b) Exception.--
        (1) In general.--The prohibition under subsection (a) shall not 
    apply in the case of a particular cost-type contract if the Under 
    Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics 
    provides written certification to the congressional defense 
    committees that a cost-type contract is needed to provide a 
    required capability in a timely and cost-effective manner.
        (2) Scope of exception.--In any case for which the Under 
    Secretary grants an exception under paragraph (1), the Under 
    Secretary shall take affirmative steps to make sure that the use of 
    cost-type pricing is limited to only those line items or portions 
    of the contract where such pricing is needed to achieve the 
    purposes of the exception. A written certification under paragraph 
    (1) shall be accompanied by an explanation of the steps taken under 
    this paragraph.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Major defense acquisition program.--The term ``major 
    defense acquisition program'' has the meaning given the term in 
    section 2430(a) of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Production of a major defense acquisition program.--The 
    term ``production of a major defense acquisition program'' means 
    the production and deployment of a major system that is intended to 
    achieve an operational capability that satisfies mission needs, or 
    any activity otherwise defined as Milestone C under Department of 
    Defense Instruction 5000.02 or related authorities.
        (3) Contract for the production of a major defense acquisition 
    program.--The term ``contract for the production of a major defense 
    acquisition program''--
            (A) means a prime contract for the production of a major 
        defense acquisition program; and
            (B) does not include individual line items for segregable 
        efforts or contracts for the incremental improvement of systems 
        that are already in production (other than contracts for major 
        upgrades that are themselves major defense acquisition 
        programs).
    (d) Applicability.--The requirements of this section shall apply to 
contracts for the production of major defense acquisition programs 
entered into on or after October 1, 2014.
    SEC. 812. ESTIMATES OF POTENTIAL TERMINATION LIABILITY OF CONTRACTS 
      FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OR PRODUCTION OF MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
      PROGRAMS.
    (a) Department of Defense Review.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall review relevant 
acquisition guidance and take appropriate actions to ensure that 
program managers for major defense acquisition programs are preparing 
estimates of potential termination liability for covered contracts, 
including how such termination liability is likely to increase or 
decrease over the period of performance, and are giving appropriate 
consideration to such estimates before making recommendations on 
decisions to enter into or terminate such contracts.
    (b) Comptroller General of the United States Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
    shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
    the extent to which the Department of Defense is considering 
    potential termination liability as a factor in entering into and in 
    terminating covered contracts.
        (2) Matters to be addressed.--The report required by paragraph 
    (1) shall include, at a minimum, an assessment of the following:
            (A) The extent to which the Department of Defense developed 
        estimates of potential termination liability for covered 
        contracts entered into before the date of the enactment of this 
        Act and how such termination liability was likely to increase 
        or decrease over the period of performance before making 
        decisions to enter into or terminate such contracts.
            (B) The extent to which the Department considered estimates 
        of potential termination liability for such contracts and how 
        such termination liability was likely to increase or decrease 
        over the period of performance as a risk factor in deciding 
        whether to enter into or terminate such contracts.
    (c) Covered Contracts.--For purposes of this section, a covered 
contract is a contract for the development or production of a major 
defense acquisition program for which potential termination liability 
could reasonably be expected to exceed $100,000,000.
    (d) Major Defense Acquisition Program Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``major defense acquisition program'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 2430(a) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 813. TECHNICAL CHANGE REGARDING PROGRAMS EXPERIENCING CRITICAL 
      COST GROWTH DUE TO CHANGE IN QUANTITY PURCHASED.
    Section 2433a(c)(3)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``subparagraphs (B) and (C)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs 
(B), (C), and (E)''.
    SEC. 814. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT TO REVIEW ONGOING PROGRAMS 
      INITIATED BEFORE ENACTMENT OF MILESTONE B CERTIFICATION AND 
      APPROVAL PROCESS.
    Subsection (b) of section 205 of the Weapon Systems Acquisition 
Reform Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-23; 123 Stat. 1725; 10 U.S.C. 2366b 
note) is repealed.

Subtitle C--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

    SEC. 821. MODIFICATION OF TIME PERIOD FOR CONGRESSIONAL 
      NOTIFICATION OF THE LEASE OF CERTAIN VESSELS BY THE DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE.
    Section 2401(h)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``30 days of continuous session of Congress'' and inserting 
``60 days''.
    SEC. 822. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR USE OF SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION 
      PROCEDURES FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL ITEMS.
    (a) Extension.--Effective as of January 1, 2012, section 4202 of 
the Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 (division D of Public Law 104-106; 110 
Stat. 652; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended in subsection (e) by 
striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2015''.
    (b) Technical Amendment to Cross References.--Subsection (e) of 
such Act is further amended by striking ``section 303(g)(1) of the 
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, and section 
31(a) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act, as amended by 
this section,'' and inserting ``section 3305(a) of title 41, United 
States Code, and section 1901(a) of title 41, United States Code,''.
    SEC. 823. CODIFICATION AND AMENDMENT RELATING TO LIFE-CYCLE 
      MANAGEMENT AND PRODUCT SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Codification and Amendment.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, 
    as amended by section 331, is further amended by adding at the end 
    the following new section:
``Sec. 2337. Life-cycle management and product support
    ``(a) Guidance on Life-Cycle Management.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall issue and maintain comprehensive guidance on life-cycle 
management and the development and implementation of product support 
strategies for major weapon systems. The guidance issued pursuant to 
this subsection shall--
        ``(1) maximize competition and make the best possible use of 
    available Department of Defense and industry resources at the 
    system, subsystem, and component levels; and
        ``(2) maximize value to the Department of Defense by providing 
    the best possible product support outcomes at the lowest operations 
    and support cost.
    ``(b) Product Support Managers.--
        ``(1) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall require that 
    each major weapon system be supported by a product support manager 
    in accordance with this subsection.
        ``(2) Responsibilities.--A product support manager for a major 
    weapon system shall--
            ``(A) develop and implement a comprehensive product support 
        strategy for the weapon system;
            ``(B) use appropriate predictive analysis and modeling 
        tools that can improve material availability and reliability, 
        increase operational availability rates, and reduce operation 
        and sustainment costs;
            ``(C) conduct appropriate cost analyses to validate the 
        product support strategy, including cost-benefit analyses as 
        outlined in Office of Management and Budget Circular A-94;
            ``(D) ensure achievement of desired product support 
        outcomes through development and implementation of appropriate 
        product support arrangements;
            ``(E) adjust performance requirements and resource 
        allocations across product support integrators and product 
        support providers as necessary to optimize implementation of 
        the product support strategy;
            ``(F) periodically review product support arrangements 
        between the product support integrators and product support 
        providers to ensure the arrangements are consistent with the 
        overall product support strategy;
            ``(G) prior to each change in the product support strategy 
        or every five years, whichever occurs first, revalidate any 
        business-case analysis performed in support of the product 
        support strategy; and
            ``(H) ensure that the product support strategy maximizes 
        small business participation at the appropriate tiers.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Product support.--The term `product support' means the 
    package of support functions required to field and maintain the 
    readiness and operational capability of major weapon systems, 
    subsystems, and components, including all functions related to 
    weapon system readiness.
        ``(2) Product support arrangement.--The term `product support 
    arrangement' means a contract, task order, or any type of other 
    contractual arrangement, or any type of agreement or non-
    contractual arrangement within the Federal Government, for the 
    performance of sustainment or logistics support required for major 
    weapon systems, subsystems, or components. The term includes 
    arrangements for any of the following:
            ``(A) Performance-based logistics.
            ``(B) Sustainment support.
            ``(C) Contractor logistics support.
            ``(D) Life-cycle product support.
            ``(E) Weapon systems product support.
        ``(3) Product support integrator.--The term `product support 
    integrator' means an entity within the Federal Government or 
    outside the Federal Government charged with integrating all sources 
    of product support, both private and public, defined within the 
    scope of a product support arrangement.
        ``(4) Product support provider.--The term `product support 
    provider' means an entity that provides product support functions. 
    The term includes an entity within the Department of Defense, an 
    entity within the private sector, or a partnership between such 
    entities.
        ``(5) Major weapon system.--The term `major weapon system' 
    means a major system within the meaning of section 2302d(a) of this 
    title.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 137 of such title, as so amended, is further amended by 
    adding at the end the following new item:

``2337. Life-cycle management and product support.''.

    (b) Repeal of Superseded Section.--Section 805 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
U.S.C. 2302 note) is repealed.
    SEC. 824. CODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT RELATING TO GOVERNMENT 
      PERFORMANCE OF CRITICAL ACQUISITION FUNCTIONS.
    (a) Codification.--
        (1) In general.--Subchapter I of chapter 87 of title 10, United 
    States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 1706. Government performance of certain acquisition functions
    ``(a) Goal.--It shall be the goal of the Department of Defense and 
each of the military departments to ensure that, for each major defense 
acquisition program and each major automated information system 
program, each of the following positions is performed by a properly 
qualified member of the armed forces or full-time employee of the 
Department of Defense:
        ``(1) Program executive officer.
        ``(2) Deputy program executive officer.
        ``(3) Program manager.
        ``(4) Deputy program manager.
        ``(5) Senior contracting official.
        ``(6) Chief developmental tester.
        ``(7) Program lead product support manager.
        ``(8) Program lead systems engineer.
        ``(9) Program lead cost estimator.
        ``(10) Program lead contracting officer.
        ``(11) Program lead business financial manager.
        ``(12) Program lead production, quality, and manufacturing.
        ``(13) Program lead information technology.
    ``(b) Plan of Action.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement a plan of action for recruiting, training, and ensuring 
appropriate career development of military and civilian personnel to 
achieve the objective established in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `major defense acquisition program' has the 
    meaning given such term in section 2430(a) of this title.
        ``(2) The term `major automated information system program' has 
    the meaning given such term in section 2445a(a) of this title.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such subchapter is amended by adding at the end the following 
    new item:

``1706. Government performance of certain acquisition functions.''.

    (b) Repeal of Superseded Section.--Section 820 of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 
109-364; 10 U.S.C. 1701 note) is repealed.
    SEC. 825. COMPETITION IN ACQUISITION OF MAJOR SUBSYSTEMS AND 
      SUBASSEMBLIES ON MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.
    Section 202(c) of the Weapon Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009 
(Public Law 111-23; 123 Stat. 1720; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``fair 
    and objective `make-buy' decisions by prime contractors'' and 
    inserting ``competition or the option of competition at the 
    subcontract level'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as paragraphs 
    (2), (3), and (4), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting before paragraph (2), as redesignated by 
    paragraph (2) of this section, the following new paragraph (1):
        ``(1) where appropriate, breaking out a major subsystem, 
    conducting a separate competition for the subsystem, and providing 
    the subsystem to the prime contractor as Government-furnished 
    equipment;''.
    SEC. 826. COMPLIANCE WITH BERRY AMENDMENT REQUIRED FOR UNIFORM 
      COMPONENTS SUPPLIED TO AFGHAN MILITARY OR AFGHAN NATIONAL POLICE.
    (a) Requirement.--In the case of any textile components supplied by 
the Department of Defense to the Afghan National Army or the Afghan 
National Police for purposes of production of uniforms, section 2533a 
of title 10, United States Code, shall apply, and no exceptions or 
exemptions under that section shall apply.
    (b) Effective Date.--This section shall apply to solicitations 
issued and contracts awarded for the procurement of such components 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 827. ENHANCEMENT OF WHISTLEBLOWER PROTECTIONS FOR CONTRACTOR 
      EMPLOYEES.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 2409 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``An employee'';
        (2) in paragraph (1), as so designated--
            (A) by inserting ``or subcontractor'' after ``employee of a 
        contractor'';
            (B) by striking ``a Member of Congress'' and all that 
        follows through ``the Department of Justice'' and inserting ``a 
        person or body described in paragraph (2)''; and
            (C) by striking ``evidence of'' and all that follows and 
        inserting the following: ``evidence of the following:
        ``(A) Gross mismanagement of a Department of Defense contract 
    or grant, a gross waste of Department funds, an abuse of authority 
    relating to a Department contract or grant, or a violation of law, 
    rule, or regulation related to a Department contract (including the 
    competition for or negotiation of a contract) or grant.
        ``(B) Gross mismanagement of a National Aeronautics and Space 
    Administration contract or grant, a gross waste of Administration 
    funds, an abuse of authority relating to an Administration contract 
    or grant, or a violation of law, rule, or regulation related to an 
    Administration contract (including the competition for or 
    negotiation of a contract) or grant.
        ``(C) A substantial and specific danger to public health or 
    safety.''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2) The persons and bodies described in this paragraph are the 
persons and bodies as follows:
        ``(A) A Member of Congress or a representative of a committee 
    of Congress.
        ``(B) An Inspector General.
        ``(C) The Government Accountability Office.
        ``(D) An employee of the Department of Defense or the National 
    Aeronautics and Space Administration, as applicable, responsible 
    for contract oversight or management.
        ``(E) An authorized official of the Department of Justice or 
    other law enforcement agency.
        ``(F) A court or grand jury.
        ``(G) A management official or other employee of the contractor 
    or subcontractor who has the responsibility to investigate, 
    discover, or address misconduct.
    ``(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1)--
        ``(A) an employee who initiates or provides evidence of 
    contractor or subcontractor misconduct in any judicial or 
    administrative proceeding relating to waste, fraud, or abuse on a 
    Department of Defense or National Aeronautics and Space 
    Administration contract or grant shall be deemed to have made a 
    disclosure covered by such paragraph; and
        ``(B) a reprisal described in paragraph (1) is prohibited even 
    if it is undertaken at the request of a Department or 
    Administration official, unless the request takes the form of a 
    nondiscretionary directive and is within the authority of the 
    Department or Administration official making the request.''.
    (b) Investigation of Complaints.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``fails to allege a 
    violation of the prohibition in subsection (a), or has previously 
    been addressed in another Federal or State judicial or 
    administrative proceeding initiated by the complainant,'' after 
    ``is frivolous,'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, fails to allege a 
        violation of the prohibition in subsection (a), or has 
        previously been addressed in another Federal or State judicial 
        or administrative proceeding initiated by the complainant'' 
        after ``is frivolous''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, up to 180 days,'' 
        after ``such additional period of time''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(3) The Inspector General may not respond to any inquiry or 
disclose any information from or about any person alleging the 
reprisal, except to the extent that such response or disclosure is--
        ``(A) made with the consent of the person alleging the 
    reprisal;
        ``(B) made in accordance with the provisions of section 552a of 
    title 5 or as required by any other applicable Federal law; or
        ``(C) necessary to conduct an investigation of the alleged 
    reprisal.
    ``(4) A complaint may not be brought under this subsection more 
than three years after the date on which the alleged reprisal took 
place.''.
    (c) Remedy and Enforcement Authority.--Subsection (c) of such 
section is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``the compensation 
    (including back pay)'' and inserting ``compensatory damages 
    (including back pay)'';
        (2) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end following new 
    sentence: ``An action under this paragraph may not be brought more 
    than two years after the date on which remedies are deemed to have 
    been exhausted.'';
        (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and compensatory and 
    exemplary damages.'' and inserting ``, compensatory and exemplary 
    damages, and reasonable attorney fees and costs. The person upon 
    whose behalf an order was issued may also file such an action or 
    join in an action filed by the head of the agency.'';
        (4) in paragraph (5), by adding at the end the following new 
    sentence: ``Filing such an appeal shall not act to stay the 
    enforcement of the order of the head of an agency, unless a stay is 
    specifically entered by the court.''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(6) The legal burdens of proof specified in section 1221(e) of 
title 5 shall be controlling for the purposes of any investigation 
conducted by an Inspector General, decision by the head of an agency, 
or judicial or administrative proceeding to determine whether 
discrimination prohibited under this section has occurred.
    ``(7) The rights and remedies provided for in this section may not 
be waived by any agreement, policy, form, or condition of 
employment.''.
    (d) Notification of Employees.--Such section is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (f) 
    and (g), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection (d):
    ``(d) Notification of Employees.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
shall ensure that contractors and subcontractors of the Department of 
Defense and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, as 
applicable, inform their employees in writing of the rights and 
remedies provided under this section, in the predominant native 
language of the workforce.''.
    (e) Exceptions for Intelligence Community.--Such section is further 
amended by inserting after subsection (d), as added by subsection 
(d)(2) of this section, the following new subsection (e):
    ``(e) Exceptions.--(1) This section shall not apply to any element 
of the intelligence community, as defined in section 3(4) of the 
National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4)).
    ``(2) This section shall not apply to any disclosure made by an 
employee of a contractor, subcontractor, or grantee of an element of 
the intelligence community if such disclosure--
        ``(A) relates to an activity of an element of the intelligence 
    community; or
        ``(B) was discovered during contract, subcontract, or grantee 
    services provided to an element of the intelligence community.''.
    (f) Abuse of Authority Defined.--Subsection (g) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (d)(1) of this section, is further amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(6) The term `abuse of authority' means the following:
            ``(A) An arbitrary and capricious exercise of authority 
        that is inconsistent with the mission of the Department of 
        Defense or the successful performance of a Department contract 
        or grant.
            ``(B) An arbitrary and capricious exercise of authority 
        that is inconsistent with the mission of the National 
        Aeronautics and Space Administration or the successful 
        performance of an Administration contract or grant.''.
    (g) Allowability of Legal Fees.--Section 2324(k) of such title is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commenced by the United 
    States or a State'' and inserting ``commenced by the United States, 
    by a State, or by a contractor employee submitting a complaint 
    under section 2409 of this title''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``the imposition of a 
    monetary penalty'' and inserting ``the imposition of a monetary 
    penalty or an order to take corrective action under section 2409 of 
    this title''.
    (h) Construction.--Nothing in this section, or the amendments made 
by this section, shall be construed to provide any rights to disclose 
classified information not otherwise provided by law.
    (i) Effective Date.--
        (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
    effect on the date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment 
    of this Act, and shall apply to--
            (A) all contracts awarded on or after such date;
            (B) all task orders entered on or after such date pursuant 
        to contracts awarded before, on, or after such date; and
            (C) all contracts awarded before such date that are 
        modified to include a contract clause providing for the 
        applicability of such amendments.
        (2) Revision of supplements to the far.--Not later than 180 
    days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Department of 
    Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation and the 
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Supplement to the 
    Federal Acquisition Regulation shall each be revised to implement 
    the requirements arising under the amendments made by this section.
        (3) Inclusion of contract clause in contracts awarded before 
    effective date.--At the time of any major modification to a 
    contract that was awarded before the date that is 180 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act, the head of the contracting 
    agency shall make best efforts to include in the contract a 
    contract clause providing for the applicability of the amendments 
    made by this section to the contract.
    SEC. 828. PILOT PROGRAM FOR ENHANCEMENT OF CONTRACTOR EMPLOYEE 
      WHISTLEBLOWER PROTECTIONS.
    (a) Whistleblower Protections.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 47 of title 41, United States Code, is 
    amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 4712. Pilot program for enhancement of contractor protection 
    from reprisal for disclosure of certain information
    ``(a) Prohibition of Reprisals.--
        ``(1) In general.--An employee of a contractor, subcontractor, 
    or grantee may not be discharged, demoted, or otherwise 
    discriminated against as a reprisal for disclosing to a person or 
    body described in paragraph (2) information that the employee 
    reasonably believes is evidence of gross mismanagement of a Federal 
    contract or grant, a gross waste of Federal funds, an abuse of 
    authority relating to a Federal contract or grant, a substantial 
    and specific danger to public health or safety, or a violation of 
    law, rule, or regulation related to a Federal contract (including 
    the competition for or negotiation of a contract) or grant.
        ``(2) Persons and bodies covered.--The persons and bodies 
    described in this paragraph are the persons and bodies as follows:
            ``(A) A Member of Congress or a representative of a 
        committee of Congress.
            ``(B) An Inspector General.
            ``(C) The Government Accountability Office.
            ``(D) A Federal employee responsible for contract or grant 
        oversight or management at the relevant agency.
            ``(E) An authorized official of the Department of Justice 
        or other law enforcement agency.
            ``(F) A court or grand jury.
            ``(G) A management official or other employee of the 
        contractor, subcontractor, or grantee who has the 
        responsibility to investigate, discover, or address misconduct.
        ``(3) Rules of construction.--For the purposes of paragraph 
    (1)--
            ``(A) an employee who initiates or provides evidence of 
        contractor, subcontractor, or grantee misconduct in any 
        judicial or administrative proceeding relating to waste, fraud, 
        or abuse on a Federal contract or grant shall be deemed to have 
        made a disclosure covered by such paragraph; and
            ``(B) a reprisal described in paragraph (1) is prohibited 
        even if it is undertaken at the request of an executive branch 
        official, unless the request takes the form of a non-
        discretionary directive and is within the authority of the 
        executive branch official making the request.
    ``(b) Investigation of Complaints.--
        ``(1) Submission of complaint.--A person who believes that the 
    person has been subjected to a reprisal prohibited by subsection 
    (a) may submit a complaint to the Inspector General of the 
    executive agency involved. Unless the Inspector General determines 
    that the complaint is frivolous, fails to allege a violation of the 
    prohibition in subsection (a), or has previously been addressed in 
    another Federal or State judicial or administrative proceeding 
    initiated by the complainant, the Inspector General shall 
    investigate the complaint and, upon completion of such 
    investigation, submit a report of the findings of the investigation 
    to the person, the contractor or grantee concerned, and the head of 
    the agency.
        ``(2) Inspector general action.--
            ``(A) Determination or submission of report on findings.--
        Except as provided under subparagraph (B), the Inspector 
        General shall make a determination that a complaint is 
        frivolous, fails to allege a violation of the prohibition in 
        subsection (a), or has previously been addressed in another 
        Federal or State judicial or administrative proceeding 
        initiated by the complainant or submit a report under paragraph 
        (1) within 180 days after receiving the complaint.
            ``(B) Extension of time.--If the Inspector General is 
        unable to complete an investigation in time to submit a report 
        within the 180-day period specified in subparagraph (A) and the 
        person submitting the complaint agrees to an extension of time, 
        the Inspector General shall submit a report under paragraph (1) 
        within such additional period of time, up to 180 days, as shall 
        be agreed upon between the Inspector General and the person 
        submitting the complaint.
        ``(3) Prohibition on disclosure.--The Inspector General may not 
    respond to any inquiry or disclose any information from or about 
    any person alleging the reprisal, except to the extent that such 
    response or disclosure is--
            ``(A) made with the consent of the person alleging the 
        reprisal;
            ``(B) made in accordance with the provisions of section 
        552a of title 5 or as required by any other applicable Federal 
        law; or
            ``(C) necessary to conduct an investigation of the alleged 
        reprisal.
        ``(4) Time limitation.--A complaint may not be brought under 
    this subsection more than three years after the date on which the 
    alleged reprisal took place.
    ``(c) Remedy and Enforcement Authority.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after receiving an 
    Inspector General report pursuant to subsection (b), the head of 
    the executive agency concerned shall determine whether there is 
    sufficient basis to conclude that the contractor or grantee 
    concerned has subjected the complainant to a reprisal prohibited by 
    subsection (a) and shall either issue an order denying relief or 
    shall take one or more of the following actions:
            ``(A) Order the contractor or grantee to take affirmative 
        action to abate the reprisal.
            ``(B) Order the contractor or grantee to reinstate the 
        person to the position that the person held before the 
        reprisal, together with compensatory damages (including back 
        pay), employment benefits, and other terms and conditions of 
        employment that would apply to the person in that position if 
        the reprisal had not been taken.
            ``(C) Order the contractor or grantee to pay the 
        complainant an amount equal to the aggregate amount of all 
        costs and expenses (including attorneys' fees and expert 
        witnesses' fees) that were reasonably incurred by the 
        complainant for, or in connection with, bringing the complaint 
        regarding the reprisal, as determined by the head of the 
        executive agency.
        ``(2) Exhaustion of remedies.--If the head of an executive 
    agency issues an order denying relief under paragraph (1) or has 
    not issued an order within 210 days after the submission of a 
    complaint under subsection (b), or in the case of an extension of 
    time under paragraph (b)(2)(B), not later than 30 days after the 
    expiration of the extension of time, and there is no showing that 
    such delay is due to the bad faith of the complainant, the 
    complainant shall be deemed to have exhausted all administrative 
    remedies with respect to the complaint, and the complainant may 
    bring a de novo action at law or equity against the contractor or 
    grantee to seek compensatory damages and other relief available 
    under this section in the appropriate district court of the United 
    States, which shall have jurisdiction over such an action without 
    regard to the amount in controversy. Such an action shall, at the 
    request of either party to the action, be tried by the court with a 
    jury. An action under this paragraph may not be brought more than 
    two years after the date on which remedies are deemed to have been 
    exhausted.
        ``(3) Admissibility of evidence.--An Inspector General 
    determination and an agency head order denying relief under 
    paragraph (2) shall be admissible in evidence in any de novo action 
    at law or equity brought pursuant to this subsection.
        ``(4) Enforcement of orders.--Whenever a person fails to comply 
    with an order issued under paragraph (1), the head of the executive 
    agency concerned shall file an action for enforcement of such order 
    in the United States district court for a district in which the 
    reprisal was found to have occurred. In any action brought under 
    this paragraph, the court may grant appropriate relief, including 
    injunctive relief, compensatory and exemplary damages, and attorney 
    fees and costs. The person upon whose behalf an order was issued 
    may also file such an action or join in an action filed by the head 
    of the executive agency.
        ``(5) Judicial review.--Any person adversely affected or 
    aggrieved by an order issued under paragraph (1) may obtain review 
    of the order's conformance with this subsection, and any 
    regulations issued to carry out this section, in the United States 
    court of appeals for a circuit in which the reprisal is alleged in 
    the order to have occurred. No petition seeking such review may be 
    filed more than 60 days after issuance of the order by the head of 
    the executive agency. Review shall conform to chapter 7 of title 5. 
    Filing such an appeal shall not act to stay the enforcement of the 
    order of the head of an executive agency, unless a stay is 
    specifically entered by the court.
        ``(6) Burdens of proof.--The legal burdens of proof specified 
    in section 1221(e) of title 5 shall be controlling for the purposes 
    of any investigation conducted by an Inspector General, decision by 
    the head of an executive agency, or judicial or administrative 
    proceeding to determine whether discrimination prohibited under 
    this section has occurred.
        ``(7) Rights and remedies not waivable.--The rights and 
    remedies provided for in this section may not be waived by any 
    agreement, policy, form, or condition of employment.
    ``(d) Notification of Employees.--The head of each executive agency 
shall ensure that contractors, subcontractors, and grantees of the 
agency inform their employees in writing of the rights and remedies 
provided under this section, in the predominant native language of the 
workforce.
    ``(e) Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed to 
authorize the discharge of, demotion of, or discrimination against an 
employee for a disclosure other than a disclosure protected by 
subsection (a) or to modify or derogate from a right or remedy 
otherwise available to the employee.
    ``(f) Exceptions.--(1) This section shall not apply to any element 
of the intelligence community, as defined in section 3(4) of the 
National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4)).
    ``(2) This section shall not apply to any disclosure made by an 
employee of a contractor, subcontractor, or grantee of an element of 
the intelligence community if such disclosure--
        ``(A) relates to an activity of an element of the intelligence 
    community; or
        ``(B) was discovered during contract, subcontract, or grantee 
    services provided to an element of the intelligence community.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `abuse of authority' means an arbitrary and 
    capricious exercise of authority that is inconsistent with the 
    mission of the executive agency concerned or the successful 
    performance of a contract or grant of such agency.
        ``(2) The term `Inspector General' means an Inspector General 
    appointed under the Inspector General Act of 1978 and any Inspector 
    General that receives funding from, or has oversight over contracts 
    or grants awarded for or on behalf of, the executive agency 
    concerned.
    ``(h) Construction.--Nothing in this section, or the amendments 
made by this section, shall be construed to provide any rights to 
disclose classified information not otherwise provided by law.
    ``(i) Duration of Section.--This section shall be in effect for the 
four-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
section.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    item:

``4712. Pilot program for enhancement of contractor protection from 
          reprisal for disclosure of certain information.''.

    (b) Effective Date.--
        (1) In general.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
    take effect on the date that is 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, and shall, during the period section 4712 of 
    title 41, United States Code, as added by such subsection, is in 
    effect, apply to--
            (A) all contracts and grants awarded on or after such date;
            (B) all task orders entered on or after such date pursuant 
        to contracts awarded before, on, or after such date; and
            (C) all contracts awarded before such date that are 
        modified to include a contract clause providing for the 
        applicability of such amendments.
        (2) Revision of federal acquisition regulation.--Not later than 
    180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Federal 
    Acquisition Regulation shall be revised to implement the 
    requirements arising under the amendments made by this section.
        (3) Inclusion of contract clause in contracts awarded before 
    effective date.--At the time of any major modification to a 
    contract that was awarded before the date that is 180 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act, the head of the contracting 
    agency shall make best efforts to include in the contract a 
    contract clause providing for the applicability of the amendments 
    made by this section to the contract.
    (c) Suspension of Effectiveness of Section 4705 of Title 41, United 
States Code, While Pilot Program Is in Effect.--Section 4705 of title 
41, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new subsection:
    ``(f) Four-year Suspension of Effectiveness While Pilot Program Is 
in Effect.--While section 4712 of this title is in effect, this section 
shall not be in effect.''.
    (d) Allowability of Legal Fees.--Section 4310 of title 41, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``commenced by the Federal 
    Government or a State'' and inserting ``commenced by the Federal 
    Government, by a State, or by a contractor or grantee employee 
    submitting a complaint under section 4712 of this title''; and
        (2) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ``the imposition of a 
    monetary penalty'' and inserting ``the imposition of a monetary 
    penalty or an order to take corrective action under section 4712 of 
    this title''.
    (e) Government Accountability Office Study and Report.--
        (1) Study.--Not later than three years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
    shall begin conducting a study to evaluate the implementation of 
    section 4712 of title 41, United States Code, as added by 
    subsection (a).
        (2) Report.--Not later than four years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to 
    Congress a report on the results of the study required by paragraph 
    (1), with such findings and recommendations as the Comptroller 
    General considers appropriate.
    SEC. 829. EXTENSION OF CONTRACTOR CONFLICT OF INTEREST LIMITATIONS.
    (a) Assessment of Extension of Limitations to Certain Additional 
Functions and Contracts.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall review the 
guidance on personal conflicts of interest for contractor employees 
issued pursuant to section 841(a) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4537) in order to determine whether it would be in the best interest of 
the Department of Defense and the taxpayers to extend such guidance to 
personal conflicts of interest by contractor personnel performing any 
of the following:
        (1) Functions other than acquisition functions that are closely 
    associated with inherently governmental functions (as that term is 
    defined in section 2383(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code).
        (2) Personal services contracts (as that term is defined in 
    section 2330a(g)(5) of title 10, United States Code).
        (3) Contracts for staff augmentation services (as that term is 
    defined in section 808(d)(3) of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1490)).
    (b) Extension of Limitations.--If the Secretary determines pursuant 
to the review under subsection (a) that the guidance on personal 
conflicts of interest should be extended, the Secretary shall revise 
the Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to the 
extent necessary to achieve such extension.
    (c) Results of Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall document in writing the 
results of the review conducted under subsection (a), including, at a 
minimum--
        (1) the findings and recommendations of the review; and
        (2) the basis for such findings and recommendations.
    SEC. 830. REPEAL OF SUNSET FOR CERTAIN PROTESTS OF TASK AND 
      DELIVERY ORDER CONTRACTS.
    Section 2304c(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraph (3).
    SEC. 831. GUIDANCE AND TRAINING RELATED TO EVALUATING 
      REASONABLENESS OF PRICE.
    (a) Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics shall issue guidance on the use of the 
authority provided by sections 2306a(d) and 2379 of title 10, United 
States Code. The guidance shall--
        (1) include standards for determining whether information on 
    the prices at which the same or similar items have previously been 
    sold is adequate for evaluating the reasonableness of price;
        (2) include standards for determining the extent of uncertified 
    cost information that should be required in cases in which price 
    information is not adequate for evaluating the reasonableness of 
    price;
        (3) ensure that in cases in which such uncertified cost 
    information is required, the information shall be provided in the 
    form in which it is regularly maintained by the offeror in its 
    business operations; and
        (4) provide that no additional cost information may be required 
    by the Department of Defense in any case in which there are 
    sufficient non-Government sales to establish reasonableness of 
    price.
    (b) Training and Expertise.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall develop and begin 
implementation of a plan of action to--
        (1) train the acquisition workforce on the use of the authority 
    provided by sections 2306a(d) and 2379 of title 10, United States 
    Code, in evaluating reasonableness of price in procurements of 
    commercial items; and
        (2) develop a cadre of experts within the Department of Defense 
    to provide expert advice to the acquisition workforce in the use of 
    the authority provided by such sections in accordance with the 
    guidance issued pursuant to subsection (a).
    (c) Documentation Requirements.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall ensure that requests for 
uncertified cost information for the purposes of evaluating 
reasonableness of price are sufficiently documented. The Under 
Secretary shall require that the contract file include, at a minimum, 
the following:
        (1) A justification of the need for additional cost 
    information.
        (2) A copy of any request from the Department of Defense to a 
    contractor for additional cost information.
        (3) Any response received from the contractor to the request, 
    including any rationale or justification provided by the contractor 
    for a failure to provide the requested information.
    (d) Comptroller General Review and Report.--
        (1) Review requirement.--The Comptroller General of the United 
    States shall conduct a review of data collected pursuant to 
    sections 2306a(d) and 2379 of title 10, United States Code, during 
    the two-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
    Act.
        (2) Report requirement.--Not later than 180 days after the end 
    of the two-year period referred to in paragraph (1), the 
    Comptroller General shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report on--
            (A) the extent to which the Department of Defense needed 
        access to additional cost information pursuant to sections 
        2306a(d) and 2379 of title 10, United States Code, during such 
        two-year period in order to determine price reasonableness;
            (B) the extent to which acquisition officials of the 
        Department of Defense complied with the guidance issued 
        pursuant to subsection (a) during such two-year period;
            (C) the extent to which the Department of Defense needed 
        access to additional cost information during such two-year 
        period to determine reasonableness of price, but was not 
        provided such information by the contractor on request; and
            (D) recommendations for improving evaluations of 
        reasonableness of price by Department of Defense acquisition 
        professionals, including recommendations for any amendments to 
        law, regulations, or guidance.
    SEC. 832. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACCESS TO, USE OF, AND SAFEGUARDS 
      AND PROTECTIONS FOR CONTRACTOR INTERNAL AUDIT REPORTS.
    (a) Revised Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Defense Contract 
Audit Agency shall revise guidance on access to defense contractor 
internal audit reports (including the Contract Audit Manual) to 
incorporate the requirements of this section.
    (b) Documentation Requirements.--The revised guidance shall ensure 
that requests for access to defense contractor internal audit reports 
are appropriately documented. The required documentation shall include, 
at a minimum, the following:
        (1) Written determination that access to such reports is 
    necessary to complete required evaluations of contractor business 
    systems.
        (2) A copy of any request from the Defense Contract Audit 
    Agency to a contractor for access to such reports.
        (3) A record of response received from the contractor, 
    including the contractor's rationale or justification if access to 
    requested reports was not granted.
    (b) Safeguards and Protections.--The revised guidance shall include 
appropriate safeguards and protections to ensure that contractor 
internal audit reports cannot be used by the Defense Contract Audit 
Agency for any purpose other than evaluating and testing the efficacy 
of contractor internal controls and the reliability of associated 
contractor business systems.
    (c) Risk-based Auditing.--A determination by the Defense Contract 
Audit Agency that a contractor has a sound system of internal controls 
shall provide the basis for increased reliance on contractor business 
systems or a reduced level of testing with regard to specific audits, 
as appropriate. Internal audit reports provided by a contractor 
pursuant to this section may be considered in determining whether or 
not a contractor has a sound system of internal controls, but shall not 
be the sole basis for such a determination.
    (d) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall initiate a review of the documentation required by 
subsection (a). Not later than 90 days after completion of the review, 
the Comptroller General shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the results of the review, with findings and 
recommendations for improving the audit processes of the Defense 
Contract Audit Agency.
    SEC. 833. CONTRACTOR RESPONSIBILITIES IN REGULATIONS RELATING TO 
      DETECTION AND AVOIDANCE OF COUNTERFEIT ELECTRONIC PARTS.
    Section 818(c)(2)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1493; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
note) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(B) the cost of counterfeit electronic parts and suspect 
        counterfeit electronic parts and the cost of rework or 
        corrective action that may be required to remedy the use or 
        inclusion of such parts are not allowable costs under 
        Department contracts, unless--
                ``(i) the covered contractor has an operational system 
            to detect and avoid counterfeit parts and suspect 
            counterfeit electronic parts that has been reviewed and 
            approved by the Department of Defense pursuant to 
            subsection (e)(2)(B);
                ``(ii) the counterfeit electronic parts or suspect 
            counterfeit electronic parts were provided to the 
            contractor as Government property in accordance with part 
            45 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation; and
                ``(iii) the covered contractor provides timely notice 
            to the Government pursuant to paragraph (4).''.

Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Contracts in Support of Contingency 
                               Operations

    SEC. 841. EXTENSION AND EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE PRODUCTS 
      AND SERVICES PRODUCED IN COUNTRIES ALONG A MAJOR ROUTE OF SUPPLY 
      TO AFGHANISTAN.
    (a) Extension of Termination Date.--Subsection (f) of section 801 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public 
Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2399) is amended by striking ``on or after the 
date occurring three years after the date of the enactment of this 
Act'' and inserting ``after December 31, 2014''.
    (b) Expansion of Authority To Cover Forces of the United States and 
Coalition Forces.--Subsection (b)(1) of such section is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``or'' at the end;
        (2) in subparagraph (C), by adding ``or'' at the end; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) by the United States or coalition forces in 
        Afghanistan if the product or service is from a country that 
        has agreed to allow the transport of coalition personnel, 
        equipment, and supplies;''.
    (c) Repeal of Expired Report Requirement.--Subsection (g) of such 
section is repealed.
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The heading of such section is amended by 
striking ``; report''.
    SEC. 842. LIMITATION ON AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES 
      PRODUCED IN AFGHANISTAN.
    Section 886 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 266; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by striking ``iraq or'';
        (2) by striking ``Iraq or'' each place it appears; and
        (3) in the subsection heading of subsection (c), by striking 
    ``Iraq or''.
    SEC. 843. RESPONSIBILITY WITHIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR 
      OPERATIONAL CONTRACT SUPPORT.
    (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
issue guidance establishing the chain of authority and responsibility 
within the Department of Defense for policy, planning, and execution of 
operational contract support.
    (b) Elements.--The guidance under subsection (a) shall, at a 
minimum--
        (1) specify the officials, offices, and components of the 
    Department within the chain of authority and responsibility 
    described in subsection (a);
        (2) identify for each official, office, and component specified 
    under paragraph (1)--
            (A) requirements for policy, planning, and execution of 
        contract support for operational contract support, including, 
        at a minimum, requirements in connection with--
                (i) coordination of functions, authorities, and 
            responsibilities related to operational contract support, 
            including coordination with relevant Federal agencies;
                (ii) assessments of total force data in support of 
            Department force planning scenarios, including the 
            appropriateness of and necessity for the use of contractors 
            for identified functions;
                (iii) determinations of capability requirements for 
            nonacquisition community operational contract support, and 
            identification of resources required for planning, 
            training, and execution to meet such requirements; and
                (iv) determinations of policy regarding the use of 
            contractors by function, and identification of the training 
            exercises that will be required for operational contract 
            support (including an assessment whether or not such 
            exercises will include contractors); and
            (B) roles, authorities, responsibilities, and lines of 
        supervision for the achievement of the requirements identified 
        under subparagraph (A); and
        (3) ensure that the chain of authority and responsibility 
    described in subsection (a) is appropriately aligned with, and 
    appropriately integrated into, the structure of the Department for 
    the conduct of overseas contingency operations, including the 
    military departments, the Joint Staff, and the commanders of the 
    unified combatant commands.
    SEC. 844. DATA COLLECTION ON CONTRACT SUPPORT FOR FUTURE OVERSEAS 
      CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS INVOLVING COMBAT OPERATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
State, and the Administrator of the United States Agency for 
International Development shall each issue guidance regarding data 
collection on contract support for future contingency operations 
outside the United States that involve combat operations.
    (b) Elements.--The guidance required by subsection (a) shall ensure 
that the Department of Defense, the Department of State, and the United 
States Agency for International Development take the steps necessary to 
ensure that each agency has the capability to collect and report, at a 
minimum, the following data regarding such contract support:
        (1) The total number of contracts entered into as of the date 
    of any report.
        (2) The total number of such contracts that are active as of 
    such date.
        (3) The total value of contracts entered into as of such date.
        (4) The total value of such contracts that are active as of 
    such date.
        (5) An identification of the extent to which the contracts 
    entered into as of such date were entered into using competitive 
    procedures.
        (6) The total number of contractor personnel working under 
    contracts entered into as of the end of each calendar quarter 
    during the one-year period ending on such date.
        (7) The total number of contractor personnel performing 
    security functions under contracts entered into as of the end of 
    each calendar quarter during the one-year period ending on such 
    date.
        (8) The total number of contractor personnel killed or wounded 
    under any contracts entered into.
    (c) Comptroller General Review and Report.--
        (1) Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
    review the data system or systems established to track contractor 
    data pursuant to subsections (a) and (b). The review shall, with 
    respect to each such data system, at a minimum--
            (A) identify each such data system and assess the resources 
        needed to sustain such system;
            (B) determine if all such data systems are interoperable, 
        use compatible data standards, and meet the requirements of 
        section 2222 of title 10, United States Code; and
            (C) make recommendations on the steps that the Department 
        of Defense, the Department of State, and the United States 
        Agency for International Development should take to ensure that 
        all such data systems--
                (i) meet the requirements of the guidance issued 
            pursuant to subsections (a) and (b);
                (ii) are interoperable, use compatible data standards, 
            and meet the requirements of section 2222 of such title; 
            and
                (iii) are supported by appropriate business processes 
            and rules to ensure the timeliness and reliability of data.
        (2) Report.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit a 
    report on the review required by paragraph (1) to the following 
    committees:
            (A) The congressional defense committees.
            (B) The Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
            (C) The Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on 
        Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
        Representatives.
    SEC. 845. INCLUSION OF OPERATIONAL CONTRACT SUPPORT IN CERTAIN 
      REQUIREMENTS FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PLANNING, JOINT 
      PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION, AND MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE.
    (a) Readiness Reporting System.--Section 117(c) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(8) Measure, on an annual basis, the capability of 
    operational contract support to support current and anticipated 
    wartime missions of the armed forces.''.
    (b) Operational Contract Support Planning and Preparedness 
Functions of CJCS.--Section 153(a)(3) of such title is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(F) In coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, the Secretaries of the 
    military departments, the heads of the Defense Agencies, and the 
    commanders of the combatant commands, determining the operational 
    contract support requirements of the armed forces and recommending 
    the resources required to improve and enhance operational contract 
    support for the armed forces and planning for such operational 
    contract support.''.
    (c) Operational Contract Support as Matter Within Course of Joint 
Professional Military Education.--Section 2151(a) of such title is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(6) Operational contract support.''.
    (d) Management Structure.--Section 2330(c)(2) of such title is 
amended by striking ``other than services'' and all that follows and 
inserting ``including services in support of contingency operations. 
The term does not include services relating to research and development 
or military construction.''.
    SEC. 846. REQUIREMENTS FOR RISK ASSESSMENTS RELATED TO CONTRACTOR 
      PERFORMANCE.
    (a) Risk Assessments for Contractor Performance in Operational or 
Contingency Plans.--The Secretary of Defense shall require that a risk 
assessment on reliance on contractors be included in operational or 
contingency plans developed by a commander of a combatant command in 
executing the responsibilities prescribed in section 164 of title 10, 
United States Code. Such risk assessments shall address, at a minimum, 
the potential risks listed in subsection (c).
    (b) Comprehensive Risk Assessments and Mitigation Plans for 
Contractor Performance in Support of Overseas Contingency Operations.--
        (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), not later 
    than six months after the commencement or designation of a 
    contingency operation outside the United States that includes or is 
    expected to include combat operations, the head of each covered 
    agency shall perform a comprehensive risk assessment and develop a 
    risk mitigation plan for operational and political risks associated 
    with contractor performance of critical functions in support of the 
    operation for such covered agency.
        (2) Exceptions.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), a risk 
    assessment and risk mitigation plan shall not be required under 
    paragraph (1) for an overseas contingency operation if--
            (A) the operation is not expected to continue for more than 
        one year; and
            (B) the total amount of obligations for contracts for 
        support of the operation for the covered agency is not expected 
        to exceed $250,000,000.
        (3) Termination of exceptions.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2), 
    the head of a covered agency shall perform a risk assessment and 
    develop a risk mitigation plan under paragraph (1) for an overseas 
    contingency operation with regard to which a risk assessment and 
    risk mitigation plan has not previously been performed under 
    paragraph (1) not later than 60 days after the date on which--
            (A) the operation has continued for more than one year; or
            (B) the total amount of obligations for contracts for 
        support of the operation for the covered agency exceeds 
        $250,000,000.
    (c) Comprehensive Risk Assessments.--A comprehensive risk 
assessment under subsection (b) shall consider, at a minimum, risks 
relating to the following:
        (1) The goals and objectives of the operation (such as risks 
    from contractor behavior or performance that may injure innocent 
    members of the local population or offend their sensibilities).
        (2) The continuity of the operation (such as risks from 
    contractors refusing to perform or being unable to perform when 
    there may be no timely replacements available).
        (3) The safety of military and civilian personnel of the United 
    States if the presence or performance of contractor personnel 
    creates unsafe conditions or invites attack.
        (4) The safety of contractor personnel employed by the covered 
    agency.
        (5) The managerial control of the Government over the operation 
    (such as risks from over-reliance on contractors to monitor other 
    contractors or inadequate means for Government personnel to monitor 
    contractor performance).
        (6) The critical organic or core capabilities of the 
    Government, including critical knowledge or institutional memory of 
    key operations areas and subject-matter expertise.
        (7) The ability of the Government to control costs, avoid 
    organizational or personal conflicts of interest, and minimize 
    waste, fraud, and abuse.
    (d) Risk Mitigation Plans.--A risk mitigation plan under subsection 
(b) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
        (1) For each high-risk area identified in the comprehensive 
    risk assessment for the operation performed under subsection (b)--
            (A) specific actions to mitigate or reduce such risk, 
        including the development of alternative capabilities to reduce 
        reliance on contractor performance of critical functions;
            (B) measurable milestones for the implementation of planned 
        risk mitigation or risk reduction measures; and
            (C) a process for monitoring, measuring, and documenting 
        progress in mitigating or reducing risk.
        (2) A continuing process for identifying and addressing new and 
    changed risks arising in the course of the operation, including the 
    periodic reassessment of risks and the development of appropriate 
    risk mitigation or reduction plans for any new or changed high-risk 
    area identified.
    (e) Critical Functions.--For purposes of this section, critical 
functions include, at a minimum, the following:
        (1) Private security functions, as that term is defined in 
    section 864(a)(6) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2008 (10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
        (2) Training and advising Government personnel, including 
    military and security personnel, of a host nation.
        (3) Conducting intelligence or information operations.
        (4) Any other functions that are closely associated with 
    inherently governmental functions, including the functions set 
    forth in section 7.503(d) of the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
        (5) Any other functions that are deemed critical to the success 
    of the operation.
    (f) Covered Agency.--In this section, the term ``covered agency'' 
means the Department of Defense, the Department of State, and the 
United States Agency for International Development.
    SEC. 847. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF REPORTS ON CONTRACTING IN 
      IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN.
    (a) Two-Year Extension of Requirement for Joint Report.--Subsection 
(a)(5) of section 863 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2008 (10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking 
``February 1, 2013'' and inserting ``February 1, 2015''.
    (b) Repeal of Comptroller General Review.--Such section is further 
amended by striking subsection (b).
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) In general.--Such section is further amended--
            (A) by striking ``Joint Report Required.--'' and all that 
        follows through ``paragraph (6)'' and inserting ``In General.--
        Except as provided in subsection (f)'';
            (B) by striking ``this subsection'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``this section'';
            (C) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (7) as 
        subsections (b) through (g), respectively, and by moving the 
        left margins of such subsections (including the subparagraphs 
        in such subsections), as so redesignated, two ems to the left;
            (D) in subsection (b), as redesignated by subparagraph (C) 
        of this paragraph--
                (i) by capitalizing the second and third words of the 
            heading; and
                (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (I) as 
            paragraphs (1) through (9), respectively;
            (E) in subsection (c), as redesignated by subparagraph (C) 
        of this paragraph--
                (i) by capitalizing the second and third words of the 
            heading;
                (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (C) as 
            paragraphs (1) through (3), respectively; and
                (iii) by striking ``paragraph (2)'' each place it 
            appears and inserting ``subsection (b)'';
            (F) in subsection (d), as redesignated by subparagraph (C) 
        of this paragraph, by capitalizing the second word of the 
        heading;
            (G) in subsection (e), as redesignated by subparagraph (C) 
        of this paragraph, by capitalizing the third word of the 
        heading;
            (H) in subsection (f), as redesignated by subparagraph (C) 
        of this paragraph, by striking ``this paragraph'' and inserting 
        ``this subsection''; and
            (I) in subsection (g), as redesignated by subparagraph (C) 
        of this paragraph, by striking ``paragraph (2)(F)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (b)(6)''.
        (2) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is amended 
    by striking ``and comptroller general review''.
    SEC. 848. RESPONSIBILITIES OF INSPECTORS GENERAL FOR OVERSEAS 
      CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS.
    The Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating section 8L as section 8M; and
        (2) by inserting after section 8J the following new section 8L:
  ``SEC. 8L. SPECIAL PROVISIONS CONCERNING OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY 
      OPERATIONS.
    ``(a) Additional Responsibilities of Chair of Council of Inspectors 
General on Integrity and Efficiency.--Upon the commencement or 
designation of a military operation as an overseas contingency 
operation that exceeds 60 days, the Chair of the Council of Inspectors 
General on Integrity and Efficiency (CIGIE) shall, in consultation with 
the members of the Council, have the additional responsibilities 
specified in subsection (b) with respect to the Inspectors General 
specified in subsection (c).
    ``(b) Specific Responsibilities.--The responsibilities specified in 
this subsection are the following:
        ``(1) In consultation with the Inspectors General specified in 
    subsection (c), to designate a lead Inspector General in accordance 
    with subsection (d) to discharge the authorities of the lead 
    Inspector General for the overseas contingency operation concerned 
    as set forth in subsection (d).
        ``(2) To resolve conflicts of jurisdiction among the Inspectors 
    General specified in subsection (c) on investigations, inspections, 
    and audits with respect to such contingency operation in accordance 
    with subsection (d)(2)(B).
        ``(3) To assist in identifying for the lead inspector general 
    for such contingency operation, Inspectors General and inspector 
    general office personnel available to assist the lead Inspector 
    General and the other Inspectors General specified in subsection 
    (c) on matters relating to such contingency operation.
    ``(c) Inspectors General.--The Inspectors General specified in this 
subsection are the Inspectors General as follows:
        ``(1) The Inspector General of the Department of Defense.
        ``(2) The Inspector General of the Department of State.
        ``(3) The Inspector General of the United States Agency for 
    International Development.
    ``(d) Lead Inspector General for Overseas Contingency Operation.--
(1) A lead Inspector General for an overseas contingency operation 
shall be designated by the Chair of the Council of Inspectors General 
on Integrity and Efficiency under subsection (b)(1) not later than 30 
days after the commencement or designation of the military operation 
concerned as an overseas contingency operation that exceeds 60 days. 
The lead Inspector General for a contingency operation shall be 
designated from among the Inspectors General specified in subsection 
(c).
    ``(2) The lead Inspector General for an overseas contingency 
operation shall have the following responsibilities:
        ``(A) To appoint, from among the offices of the other 
    Inspectors General specified in subsection (c), an Inspector 
    General to act as associate Inspector General for the contingency 
    operation who shall act in a coordinating role to assist the lead 
    Inspector General in the discharge of responsibilities under this 
    subsection.
        ``(B) To develop and carry out, in coordination with the 
    offices of the other Inspectors General specified in subsection 
    (c), a joint strategic plan to conduct comprehensive oversight over 
    all aspects of the contingency operation and to ensure through 
    either joint or individual audits, inspections, and investigations, 
    independent and effective oversight of all programs and operations 
    of the Federal Government in support of the contingency operation.
        ``(C) To review and ascertain the accuracy of information 
    provided by Federal agencies relating to obligations and 
    expenditures, costs of programs and projects, accountability of 
    funds, and the award and execution of major contracts, grants, and 
    agreements in support of the contingency operation.
        ``(D)(i) If none of the Inspectors General specified in 
    subsection (c) has principal jurisdiction over a matter with 
    respect to the contingency operation, to exercise responsibility 
    for discharging oversight responsibilities in accordance with this 
    Act with respect to such matter.
        ``(ii) If more than one of the Inspectors General specified in 
    subsection (c) has jurisdiction over a matter with respect to the 
    contingency operation, to determine principal jurisdiction for 
    discharging oversight responsibilities in accordance with this Act 
    with respect to such matter.
        ``(E) To employ, or authorize the employment by the other 
    Inspectors General specified in subsection (c), on a temporary 
    basis using the authorities in section 3161 of title 5, United 
    States Code, such auditors, investigators, and other personnel as 
    the lead Inspector General considers appropriate to assist the lead 
    Inspector General and such other Inspectors General on matters 
    relating to the contingency operation.
        ``(F) To submit to Congress on a bi-annual basis, and to make 
    available on an Internet website available to the public, a report 
    on the activities of the lead Inspector General and the other 
    Inspectors General specified in subsection (c) with respect to the 
    contingency operation, including--
            ``(i) the status and results of investigations, 
        inspections, and audits and of referrals to the Department of 
        Justice; and
            ``(ii) overall plans for the review of the contingency 
        operation by inspectors general, including plans for 
        investigations, inspections, and audits.
        ``(G) To submit to Congress on a quarterly basis, and to make 
    available on an Internet website available to the public, a report 
    on the contingency operation.
        ``(H) To carry out such other responsibilities relating to the 
    coordination and efficient and effective discharge by the 
    Inspectors General specified in subsection (c) of duties relating 
    to the contingency operation as the lead Inspector General shall 
    specify.
    ``(3)(A) The lead Inspector General for an overseas contingency 
operation may employ, or authorize the employment by the other 
Inspectors General specified in subsection (c) of, annuitants covered 
by section 9902(g) of title 5, United States Code, for purposes of 
assisting the lead Inspector General in discharging responsibilities 
under this subsection with respect to the contingency operation.
    ``(B) The employment of annuitants under this paragraph shall be 
subject to the provisions of section 9902(g) of title 5, United States 
Code, as if the lead Inspector General concerned was the Department of 
Defense.
    ``(C) The period of employment of an annuitant under this paragraph 
may not exceed three years, except that the period may be extended for 
up to an additional two years in accordance with the regulations 
prescribed pursuant to section 3161(b)(2) of title 5, United States 
Code.
    ``(4) The lead Inspector General for an overseas contingency 
operation shall discharge the responsibilities for the contingency 
operation under this subsection in a manner consistent with the 
authorities and requirements of this Act generally and the authorities 
and requirements applicable to the Inspectors General specified in 
subsection (c) under this Act.
    ``(e) Sunset for Particular Contingency Operations.--The 
requirements and authorities of this section with respect to an 
overseas contingency operation shall cease at the end of the first 
fiscal year after the commencement or designation of the contingency 
operation in which the total amount appropriated for the contingency 
operation is less than $100,000,000.
    ``(f) Construction of Authority.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to limit the ability of the Inspectors General specified in 
subsection (c) to enter into agreements to conduct joint audits, 
inspections, or investigations in the exercise of their oversight 
responsibilities in accordance with this Act with respect to overseas 
contingency operations.''.
    SEC. 849. OVERSIGHT OF CONTRACTS AND CONTRACTING ACTIVITIES FOR 
      OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS IN RESPONSIBILITIES OF CHIEF 
      ACQUISITION OFFICERS OF FEDERAL AGENCIES.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (b)(3) of section 1702 of title 41, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (F) and (G) as subparagraphs 
    (G) and (H), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new 
    subparagraph (F):
        ``(F) advising the executive agency on the applicability of 
    relevant policy on the contracts of the agency for overseas 
    contingency operations and ensuring the compliance of the contracts 
    and contracting activities of the agency with such policy;''.
    (b) Definition.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Overseas Contingency Operations Defined.--In this section, 
the term `overseas contingency operations' means military operations 
outside the United States and its territories and possessions that are 
a contingency operation (as that term is defined in section 101(a)(13) 
of title 10).''.
    SEC. 850. REPORTS ON RESPONSIBILITY WITHIN DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND 
      THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR 
      CONTRACT SUPPORT FOR OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS.
    (a) DoS and USAID Reports Required.--Not later than six months 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State and 
the Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
Development shall, in consultation with the Chief Acquisition Officer 
of the Department of State and the Chief Acquisition Officer of the 
United States Agency for International Development, respectively, each 
submit to the appropriate committees of Congress an assessment of 
Department of State and United States Agency for International 
Development policies governing contract support in overseas contingency 
operations.
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) A description and assessment of the roles and 
    responsibilities of the officials, offices, and components of the 
    Department of State or the United States Agency for International 
    Development, as applicable, within the chain of authority and 
    responsibility for policy, planning, and execution of contract 
    support for overseas contingency operations.
        (2) Procedures and processes of the Department or Agency, as 
    applicable, on the following in connection with contract support 
    for overseas contingency operations:
            (A) Collection, inventory, and reporting of data.
            (B) Acquisition planning.
            (C) Solicitation and award of contracts.
            (D) Requirements development and management.
            (E) Contract tracking and oversight.
            (F) Performance evaluations.
            (G) Risk management.
            (H) Interagency coordination and transition planning.
        (3) Strategies and improvements necessary for the Department or 
    the Agency, as applicable, to address reliance on contractors, 
    workforce planning, and the recruitment and training of acquisition 
    workforce personnel, including the anticipated number of personnel 
    needed to perform acquisition management and oversight functions 
    and plans for achieving personnel staffing goals, in connection 
    with overseas contingency operations.
    (c) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
report on the progress of the efforts of the Department of State and 
the United States Agency for International Development in implementing 
improvements and changes identified under paragraphs (1) through (3) of 
subsection (b) in the reports required by subsection (a), together with 
such additional information as the Comptroller General considers 
appropriate to further inform such committees on issues relating to the 
reports required by subsection (a).
    (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Armed 
    Services, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
    Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Armed 
    Services, the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and the 
    Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
    SEC. 851. DATABASE ON PRICE TRENDS OF ITEMS AND SERVICES UNDER 
      FEDERAL CONTRACTS.
    (a) Database Required.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 33 of title 41, United States Code, is 
    amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 3312. Database on price trends of items and services under 
    Federal contracts
    ``(a) Database Required.--The Administrator shall establish and 
maintain a database of information on price trends for items and 
services under contracts with the Federal Government. The information 
in the database shall be designed to assist Federal acquisition 
officials in the following:
        ``(1) Monitoring developments in price trends for items and 
    services under contracts with the Federal Government.
        ``(2) Conducting price or cost analyses for items and services 
    under offers for contracts with the Federal Government, or 
    otherwise conducting determinations of the reasonableness of prices 
    for items and services under such offers, and addressing 
    unjustified escalation in prices being paid by the Federal 
    Government for items and services under contracts with the Federal 
    Government.
    ``(b) Use.--(1) The database under subsection (a) shall be 
available to executive agencies in the evaluation of offers for 
contracts with the Federal Government for items and services.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may satisfy the requirements of this 
section by complying with the requirements of section 892 of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (10 
U.S.C. 2306a note).''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 33 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
    following new item:

``3312. Database on price trends of items and services under Federal 
          contracts.''.

    (b) Use of Elements of Department of Defense Pilot Project.--In 
establishing the database required by section 3312 of title 41, United 
States Code (as added by subsection (a)), the Administrator for Federal 
Procurement Policy shall use and incorporate appropriate elements of 
the pilot project on pricing being carried out by the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics pursuant to 
section 892 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2011 (10 U.S.C. 2306a note) and the Better Buying Power 
initiative of the Secretary of Defense.
    SEC. 852. INFORMATION ON CORPORATE CONTRACTOR PERFORMANCE AND 
      INTEGRITY THROUGH THE FEDERAL AWARDEE PERFORMANCE AND INTEGRITY 
      INFORMATION SYSTEM.
    Subsection (d) of section 2313 of title 41, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) Information on corporations.--The information in the 
    database on a person that is a corporation shall, to the extent 
    practicable, include information on any parent, subsidiary, or 
    successor entities to the corporation in a manner designed to give 
    the acquisition officials using the database a comprehensive 
    understanding of the performance and integrity of the corporation 
    in carrying out Federal contracts and grants.''.
    SEC. 853. INCLUSION OF DATA ON CONTRACTOR PERFORMANCE IN PAST 
      PERFORMANCE DATABASES FOR EXECUTIVE AGENCY SOURCE SELECTION 
      DECISIONS.
    (a) Strategy Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council 
    shall develop a strategy for ensuring that timely, accurate, and 
    complete information on contractor performance is included in past 
    performance databases used by executive agencies for making source 
    selection decisions.
        (2) Consultation with usdatl.--In developing the strategy 
    required by this subsection, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory 
    Council shall consult with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics to ensure that the strategy 
    is, to the extent practicable, consistent with the strategy 
    developed by the Under Secretary pursuant to section 806 of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
    112-81; 125 Stat. 1487; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
    (b) Elements.--The strategy required by subsection (a) shall, at a 
minimum--
        (1) establish standards for the timeliness and completeness of 
    past performance submissions for purposes of databases described in 
    subsection (a);
        (2) assign responsibility and management accountability for the 
    completeness of past performance submissions for such purposes; and
        (3) ensure that past performance submissions for such purposes 
    are consistent with award fee evaluations in cases where such 
    evaluations have been conducted.
    (c) Contractor Comments.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Federal Acquisition Regulation shall be 
revised to require the following:
        (1) That affected contractors are provided, in a timely manner, 
    information on contractor performance to be included in past 
    performance databases in accordance with subsection (a).
        (2) That such contractors are afforded up to 14 calendar days, 
    from the date of delivery of the information provided in accordance 
    with paragraph (1), to submit comments, rebuttals, or additional 
    information pertaining to past performance for inclusion in such 
    databases.
        (3) That agency evaluations of contractor past performance, 
    including any comments, rebuttals, or additional information 
    submitted under paragraph (2), are included in the relevant past 
    performance database not later than the date that is 14 days after 
    the date of delivery of the information provided in accordance with 
    paragraph (1).
    (d) Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
prohibit a contractor from submitting comments, rebuttals, or 
additional information pertaining to past performance after the period 
described in subsection (c)(2) has elapsed or to prohibit a contractor 
from challenging a past performance evaluation in accordance with 
applicable laws, regulations, or procedures.
    (e) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than 18 months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
report on the actions taken by the Federal Acquisition Regulatory 
Council pursuant to this section, including an assessment of the 
following:
        (1) The extent to which the strategy required by subsection (a) 
    is consistent with the strategy developed by the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics as described in 
    subsection (a)(2).
        (2) The extent to which the actions of the Federal Acquisition 
    Regulatory Council pursuant to this section have otherwise achieved 
    the objectives of this section.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of 
        the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Oversight and Government 
        Reform, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (2) The term ``executive agency'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 133 of title 41, United States Code, except that 
    the term excludes the Department of Defense and the military 
    departments.
        (3) The term ``Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council'' means 
    the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council under section 1302(a) of 
    title 41, United States Code.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

    SEC. 861. REQUIREMENTS AND LIMITATIONS FOR SUSPENSION AND DEBARMENT 
      OFFICIALS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE, 
      AND THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT.
    (a) Requirements.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the head of the covered agency concerned shall 
ensure the following:
        (1) There shall be not less than one suspension and debarment 
    official--
            (A) in the case of the Department of Defense, for each of 
        the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, the 
        Department of the Air Force, and the Defense Logistics Agency;
            (B) for the Department of State; and
            (C) for the United States Agency for International 
        Development.
        (2) A suspension and debarment official under paragraph (1) may 
    not report to or be subject to the supervision of the acquisition 
    office or the Inspector General--
            (A) in the case of the Department of Defense, of either the 
        Department of Defense or the military department or Defense 
        Agency concerned; and
            (B) in the case of the Department of State and the United 
        States Agency for International Development, of the covered 
        agency concerned.
        (3) Each suspension and debarment official under paragraph (1) 
    shall have a staff and resources adequate for the discharge of the 
    suspension and debarment responsibilities of such official.
        (4) Each suspension and debarment official under paragraph (1) 
    shall document the basis for any final decision taken pursuant to a 
    formal referral in accordance with the policies established under 
    paragraph (5).
        (5) Each suspension and debarment official under paragraph (1) 
    shall, in consultation with the General Counsel of the covered 
    agency, establish in writing policies for the consideration of the 
    following:
            (A) Formal referrals of suspension and debarment matters.
            (B) Suspension and debarment matters that are not formally 
        referred.
    (b) Duties of Interagency Committee on Debarment and Suspension.--
Section 873 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2009 (31 U.S.C. 6101 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including with 
        respect to contracts in connection with contingency 
        operations'' before the semicolon; and
            (B) in paragraph (7)--
                (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the 
            end;
                (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting ``; and''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following new 
            subparagraph:
            ``(D) a summary of suspensions, debarments, and 
        administrative agreements during the previous year.''; and
        (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following new 
    subsections:
    ``(b) Date of Submittal of Annual Reports.--The annual report 
required by subsection (a)(7) shall be submitted not later than January 
31 of each year, beginning with January 31, 2014.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `contingency operation' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 101(a)(13) of title 10, United States Code.
        ``(2) The term `Interagency Committee on Debarment and 
    Suspension' means the committee constituted under sections 4 and 5 
    of Executive Order No. 12549.''.
    (c) Covered Agency.--In this section, the term ``covered agency'' 
means the Department of Defense, the Department of State, and the 
United States Agency for International Development.
    SEC. 862. UNIFORM CONTRACT WRITING SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Uniform Standards and Controls Required.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the officials 
specified in subsection (b) shall--
        (1) establish uniform data standards, internal control 
    requirements, independent verification and validation requirements, 
    and business process rules for processing procurement requests, 
    contracts, receipts, and invoices by the Department of Defense or 
    other executive agencies, as applicable;
        (2) establish and maintain one or more approved electronic 
    contract writing systems that conform with the standards, 
    requirements, and rules established pursuant to paragraph (1); and
        (3) require the use of electronic contract writing systems 
    approved in accordance with paragraph (2) for all contracts entered 
    into by the Department of Defense or other executive agencies, as 
    applicable.
    (b) Covered Officials.--The officials specified in this subsection 
are the following:
        (1) The Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Department of 
    Defense and the military departments.
        (2) The Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy, with 
    respect to the executive agencies other than the Department of 
    Defense and the military departments.
    (c) Electronic Writing Systems for Department of State and USAID.--
Notwithstanding subsection (b)(2), the Secretary of State and the 
Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development 
may meet the requirements of subsection (a)(2) with respect to approved 
electronic contract writing systems for the Department of State and the 
United States Agency for International Development, respectively, if 
the Secretary and the Administrator, as the case may be, demonstrate to 
the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy that prior investment 
of resources in existing contract writing systems will result in the 
most cost effective and efficient means to satisfy such requirements.
    (d) Phase-in of Implementation of Requirement for Approved 
Systems.--The officials specified in subsection (b) may phase in the 
implementation of the requirement to use approved electronic contract 
writing systems in accordance with subsection (a)(3) over a period of 
up to five years beginning with the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (e) Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the officials specified in subsection (b) shall 
each submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
implementation of the requirements of this section. Each report shall, 
at a minimum--
        (1) describe the standards, requirements, and rules established 
    pursuant to subsection (a)(1);
        (2) identify the electronic contract writing systems approved 
    pursuant to subsection (a)(2) and, if multiple systems are 
    approved, explain why the use of such multiple systems is the most 
    efficient and effective approach to meet the contract writing needs 
    of the Federal Government; and
        (3) provide the schedule for phasing in the use of approved 
    electronic contract writing systems in accordance with subsections 
    (a)(3) and (d).
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of 
        the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Oversight and Government 
        Reform, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (2) The term ``executive agency'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 133 of title 41, United States Code.
    SEC. 863. EXTENSION OF OTHER TRANSACTION AUTHORITY.
    Section 845(i) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1994 (10 U.S.C. 2371 note) is amended by striking ``September 30, 
2013'' and inserting ``September 30, 2018''.
    SEC. 864. REPORT ON ALLOWABLE COSTS OF COMPENSATION OF CONTRACTOR 
      EMPLOYEES.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to Congress a report on the effect of reducing the 
allowable costs of contractor compensation of employees to the amount 
payable to the President under section 102 of title 3, United States 
Code, or to the amount payable to the Vice President under section 104 
of such title.
    (b) Matters Covered.--The report shall include, at a minimum, the 
following:
        (1) An estimate of the total number of contractor employees 
    whose allowable costs of compensation in each of fiscal years 2010, 
    2011, and 2012 would have exceeded the amount of allowable costs 
    under section 2324(e)(1)(P) of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) An estimate of the total number of contractor employees 
    whose allowable costs of compensation in each of fiscal years 2010, 
    2011, and 2012 exceeded the amount payable to the President under 
    section 102 of title 3, United States Code.
        (3) An estimate of the total number of contractor employees 
    whose allowable costs of compensation in fiscal year 2012 exceeded 
    the amount payable to the Vice President under section 104 of title 
    3, United States Code.
        (4) An estimate of the total number of contractor employees in 
    fiscal year 2012 that could have been characterized as falling 
    within a narrowly targeted exception established by the Secretary 
    of Defense under section 2324(e)(1)(P) of title 10, United States 
    Code, as a result of the amendment made by section 803(a)(2) of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
    112-81; 125 Stat. 1485).
        (5) A description of the duties and services performed in 
    fiscal year 2012 by employees who were characterized by their 
    employers as falling within a narrowly targeted exception described 
    in paragraph (4).
        (6) An assessment of whether the compensation amounts provided 
    in fiscal year 2012 to employees who were characterized by their 
    employers as falling within a narrowly targeted exception described 
    in paragraph (4) were provided in a manner consistent with private 
    sector practice.
        (7) An assessment of the extent to which contractor employees 
    received compensation in the form of vested or unvested stock 
    options.
        (8) An assessment of the potential impact on the Department of 
    Defense, contractors of the Department of Defense, and employees of 
    such contractors of adjusting the amount of allowable costs of 
    contractor compensation to the amount specified in paragraph (2) or 
    the amount specified in paragraph (3).
        (9) Such recommendations as the Comptroller General considers 
    appropriate.
    SEC. 865. REPORTS ON USE OF INDEMNIFICATION AGREEMENTS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the end of each of 
fiscal years 2013 through 2016, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on any actions 
described in subsection (b) which occurred during the preceding fiscal 
years.
    (b) Actions Described.--
        (1) In general.--An action described in this subsection is the 
    Secretary of Defense--
            (A) entering into a contract that includes an 
        indemnification provision relating to bodily injury caused by 
        negligence or relating to wrongful death; or
            (B) modifying an existing contract to include a provision 
        described in subparagraph (A) in a contract.
        (2) Excluded contracts.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any 
    contract awarded in accordance with--
            (A) section 2354 of title 10, United States Code; or
            (B) the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, 
        and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.).
    (c) Matters Included.--For each action covered in a report under 
subsection (a), the report shall include--
        (1) the name of the contractor;
        (2) a description of the indemnification provision included in 
    the contract; and
        (3) a justification for the contract including the 
    indemnification provision.
    (d) Form.--Each report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on the 
    Budget, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on the 
    Budget, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
    Representatives.
    SEC. 866. PLAN TO INCREASE NUMBER OF CONTRACTORS ELIGIBLE FOR 
      CONTRACTS UNDER AIR FORCE NETCENTS-2 CONTRACT.
    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a plan to increase the number of 
contractors eligible to be awarded contracts under the Air Force's 
Network-Centric Solutions-2 (NETCENTS-2) indefinite-delivery, 
indefinite-quantity (IDIQ) contract.
    (b) Content.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall include 
the following elements:
        (1) A recommendation and rationale for a maximum number of 
    contractors to be eligible for contract awards under NETCENTS-2 to 
    foster competition and reduce overall costs associated with 
    hardware and operation and maintenance of Air Networks.
        (2) The methodology used to periodically review existing 
    eligible NETCENTS-2 contractors and contracts.
        (3) A timeline to increase the current number of eligible 
    contractors under NETCENTS-2 and dates of future ``on-ramps'' under 
    NETCENTS-2 to assess current eligible contractors and add 
    additional eligible contractors.
    SEC. 867. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION ON PREVALENT GROUNDS FOR 
      SUSTAINING BID PROTESTS IN ANNUAL PROTEST REPORT BY COMPTROLLER 
      GENERAL TO CONGRESS.
    Section 3554(e)(2) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following: ``The report shall also include a 
summary of the most prevalent grounds for sustaining protests during 
such preceding year.''.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

              Subtitle A--Department of Defense Management

Sec. 901. Additional duties of Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
          Manufacturing and Industrial Base Policy and amendments to 
          Strategic Materials Protection Board.
Sec. 902. Requirement for focus on urgent operational needs and rapid 
          acquisition.
Sec. 903. Designation of Department of Defense senior official for 
          enterprise resource planning system data conversion.
Sec. 904. Additional responsibilities and resources for Deputy Assistant 
          Secretary of Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation.
Sec. 905. Definition and report on terms ``preparation of the 
          environment'' and ``operational preparation of the 
          environment'' for joint doctrine purposes.
Sec. 906. Information for Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
          Department of Defense from the military departments and 
          Defense Agencies for defense business system investment 
          reviews.

                      Subtitle B--Space Activities

Sec. 911. Reports on integration of acquisition and capability delivery 
          schedules for segments of major satellite acquisition programs 
          and funding for such programs.
Sec. 912. Commercial space launch cooperation.
Sec. 913. Limitation on international agreements concerning outer space 
          activities.
Sec. 914. Operationally Responsive Space Program Office.
Sec. 915. Report on overhead persistent infrared technology.
Sec. 916. Assessment of foreign components and the space launch 
          capability of the United States.
Sec. 917. Report on counter space technology.

               Subtitle C--Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 921. Authority to provide geospatial intelligence support to 
          certain security alliances and regional organizations.
Sec. 922. Technical amendments to reflect change in name of National 
          Defense Intelligence College to National Intelligence 
          University.
Sec. 923. Review of Army Distributed Common Ground System.
Sec. 924. Electro-optical imagery.
Sec. 925. Defense Clandestine Service.

                 Subtitle D--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 931. Implementation strategy for Joint Information Environment.
Sec. 932. Next-generation host-based cyber security system for the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 933. Improvements in assurance of computer software procured by the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 934. Competition in connection with Department of Defense tactical 
          data link systems.
Sec. 935. Collection and analysis of network flow data.
Sec. 936. Competition for large-scale software database and data 
          analysis tools.
Sec. 937. Software licenses of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 938. Sense of Congress on potential security risks to Department of 
          Defense networks.
Sec. 939. Quarterly cyber operations briefings.
Sec. 940. Sense of Congress on the United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 941. Reports to Department of Defense on penetrations of networks 
          and information systems of certain contractors.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 951. Advice on military requirements by Chairman of Joint Chiefs of 
          Staff and Joint Requirements Oversight Council.
Sec. 952. Enhancement of responsibilities of the Chairman of the Joint 
          Chiefs of Staff regarding the national military strategy.
Sec. 953. One-year extension of authority to waive reimbursement of 
          costs of activities for nongovernmental personnel at 
          Department of Defense regional centers for security studies.
Sec. 954. National Language Service Corps.
Sec. 955. Savings to be achieved in civilian personnel workforce and 
          service contractor workforce of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 956. Expansion of persons eligible for expedited Federal hiring 
          following completion of National Security Education Program 
          scholarship.

              Subtitle A--Department of Defense Management

    SEC. 901. ADDITIONAL DUTIES OF DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF 
      DEFENSE FOR MANUFACTURING AND INDUSTRIAL BASE POLICY AND 
      AMENDMENTS TO STRATEGIC MATERIALS PROTECTION BOARD.
    (a) Responsibilities of Deputy Assistant Secretary.--Section 
139c(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the 
    following:
        ``(1) Providing input to strategy reviews, including 
    quadrennial defense reviews conducted pursuant to section 118 of 
    this title, on matters related to--
            ``(A) the defense industrial base; and
            ``(B) materials critical to national security.
        ``(2) Establishing policies of the Department of Defense for 
    developing and maintaining the defense industrial base of the 
    United States and ensuring a secure supply of materials critical to 
    national security.
        ``(3) Providing recommendations on budget matters pertaining to 
    the industrial base, the supply chain, and the development and 
    retention of skills necessary to support the industrial base.
        ``(4) Providing recommendations and acquisition policy guidance 
    on supply chain management and supply chain vulnerability 
    throughout the entire supply chain, from suppliers of raw materials 
    to producers of major end items.'';
        (2) by striking paragraph (5) and redesignating paragraphs (6), 
    (7), (8), (9), and (10) as paragraphs (5), (6), (7), (8), and (9), 
    respectively;
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (9), as so redesignated, the 
    following new paragraph (10):
        ``(10) Providing policy and oversight of matters related to 
    materials critical to national security to ensure a secure supply 
    of such materials to the Department of Defense.'';
        (4) by redesignating paragraph (15) as paragraph (18); and
        (5) by inserting after paragraph (14) the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(15) Coordinating with the Director of Small Business 
    Programs on all matters related to industrial base policy of the 
    Department of Defense.
        ``(16) Ensuring reliable sources of materials critical to 
    national security, such as specialty metals, armor plate, and rare 
    earth elements.
        ``(17) Establishing policies of the Department of Defense for 
    continued reliable resource availability from secure sources for 
    the industrial base of the United States.''.
    (b) Materials Critical to National Security Defined.--Section 139c 
of such title is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d) Materials Critical to National Security Defined.--In this 
section, the term `materials critical to national security' has the 
meaning given that term in section 187(e)(1) of this title.''.
    (c) Amendments to Strategic Materials Protection Board.--
        (1) Membership.--Paragraph (2) of section 187(a) of such title 
    is amended to read as follows:
    ``(2) The Board shall be composed of the following:
        ``(A) The Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
    Manufacturing and Industrial Base Policy, who shall be the chairman 
    of the Board.
        ``(B) The Administrator of the Defense Logistics Agency 
    Strategic Materials, or any successor organization, who shall be 
    the vice chairman of the Board.
        ``(C) A designee of the Assistant Secretary of the Army for 
    Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology.
        ``(D) A designee of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for 
    Research, Development, and Acquisition.
        ``(E) A designee of the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force 
    for Acquisition.''.
        (2) Duties.--Paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 187(b) of such 
    title are each amended by striking ``President'' and inserting 
    ``Secretary''.
        (3) Meetings.--Section 187(c) of such title is amended by 
    striking ``Secretary of Defense'' and inserting ``Deputy Assistant 
    Secretary of Defense for Manufacturing and Industrial Base 
    Policy''.
        (4) Reports.--Section 187(d) of such title is amended to read 
    as follows:
    ``(d) Reports.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), after each meeting of 
the Board, the Board shall prepare a report containing the results of 
the meeting and such recommendations as the Board determines 
appropriate. Each such report shall be submitted to the congressional 
defense committees, together with comments and recommendations from the 
Secretary of Defense, not later than 90 days after the meeting covered 
by the report.
    ``(2) In any year in which the Board meets more than once, each 
report prepared by the Board as required by paragraph (1) may be 
combined into one annual report and submitted as provided by paragraph 
(1) not later than 90 days after the last meeting of the year.''.
    SEC. 902. REQUIREMENT FOR FOCUS ON URGENT OPERATIONAL NEEDS AND 
      RAPID ACQUISITION.
    (a) Designation of Senior Official Responsible for Focus on Urgent 
Operational Needs and Rapid Acquisition.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, after consultation 
    with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall designate a 
    senior official in the Office of the Secretary of Defense as the 
    principal official of the Department of Defense responsible for 
    leading the Department's actions on urgent operational needs and 
    rapid acquisition, in accordance with this section.
        (2) Staff and resources.--The Secretary shall assign to the 
    senior official designated under paragraph (1) appropriate staff 
    and resources necessary to carry out the official's functions under 
    this section.
    (b) Responsibilities.--The senior official designated under 
subsection (a) shall be responsible for the following:
        (1) Acting as an advocate within the Department of Defense for 
    issues related to the Department's ability to rapidly respond to 
    urgent operational needs, including programs funded and carried out 
    by the military departments.
        (2) Improving visibility of urgent operational needs throughout 
    the Department, including across the military departments, the 
    Defense Agencies, and all other entities and processes in the 
    Department that address urgent operational needs.
        (3) Ensuring that tools and mechanisms are used to track, 
    monitor, and manage the status of urgent operational needs within 
    the Department, from validation through procurement and fielding, 
    including a formal feedback mechanism for the Armed Forces to 
    provide information on how well fielded solutions are meeting 
    urgent operational needs.
    (c) Urgent Operational Needs Defined.--In this section, the term 
``urgent operational needs'' means capabilities that are determined by 
the Secretary of Defense, pursuant to the review process required by 
section 804(b) of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2011 (10 U.S.C. 2302 note), to be suitable for rapid 
fielding in response to urgent operational needs.
    SEC. 903. DESIGNATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SENIOR OFFICIAL FOR 
      ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING SYSTEM DATA CONVERSION.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) designate a senior official of the Department of Defense as 
    the official with principal responsibility for coordination and 
    management oversight of data conversion for all enterprise resource 
    planning systems of the Department; and
        (2) set forth the responsibilities of that senior official with 
    respect to such data conversion.
    SEC. 904. ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND RESOURCES FOR DEPUTY 
      ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR DEVELOPMENTAL TEST AND 
      EVALUATION.
    (a) Direct Communication.--Section 139b(a)(3) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``to the Under Secretary'' before 
the period and inserting ``to the Under Secretary. The Deputy Assistant 
Secretary may communicate views on matters within the responsibility of 
the Deputy Assistant Secretary directly to the Under Secretary without 
obtaining the approval or concurrence of any other official within the 
Department of Defense''.
    (b) Duties.--Section 139b(a)(5) of such title is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``in the Department of 
    Defense'' and inserting ``in the military departments and other 
    elements of the Department of Defense'';
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``review and approve'' and 
    inserting ``review and approve or disapprove'';
        (3) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``programs'' and inserting 
    ``programs (including the activities of chief developmental testers 
    and lead developmental test evaluation organizations designated in 
    accordance with subsection (c))'';
        (4) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``and'' after the 
    semicolon at the end; and
        (5) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (G) and 
    by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new subparagraph 
    (F):
            ``(F) in consultation with the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering, assess the technological 
        maturity and integration risk of critical technologies at key 
        stages in the acquisition process; and''.
    (c) Concurrent Service.--Section 139b(a)(7) of such title is 
amended by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall''.
    (d) Resources.--Section 139b(a) of such title is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(8) Resources.--
            ``(A) The President shall include in the budget transmitted 
        to Congress, pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, for each 
        fiscal year, a separate statement of estimated expenditures and 
        proposed appropriations for the fiscal year for the activities 
        of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Developmental 
        Test and Evaluation in carrying out the duties and 
        responsibilities of the Deputy Assistant Secretary under this 
        section.
            ``(B) The Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Developmental Test and Evaluation shall have sufficient 
        professional staff of military and civilian personnel to enable 
        the Deputy Assistant Secretary to carry out the duties and 
        responsibilities prescribed by law.''.
    (e) Consultations Relating to Technological Readiness.--
        (1) Consultation on report on critical technologies.--Section 
    138b(b)(2) of such title is amended by striking ``The Assistant 
    Secretary shall submit'' and inserting ``The Assistant Secretary, 
    in consultation with the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
    Developmental Test and Evaluation, shall submit''.
        (2) Consultation during certification process for major defense 
    acquisition programs.--Section 2366b(a)(3)(D) of such title is 
    amended by striking ``the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
    Research and Engineering'' and inserting ``the Assistant Secretary 
    of Defense for Research and Engineering, in consultation with the 
    Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Developmental Test and 
    Evaluation''.
    (f) Duties of Chief Developmental Tester and Lead Developmental 
Test and Evaluation Organization.--Section 139b(c) of such title is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``shall be responsible for'' 
    and inserting ``, consistent with policies and guidance issued 
    pursuant to subsection (a)(5)(A), shall be responsible for'';
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``shall be responsible for'' 
    and inserting ``, consistent with policies and guidance issued 
    pursuant to subsection (a)(5)(A), shall be responsible for''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) Transmittal of records and data.--The chief developmental 
    tester and the lead developmental test and evaluation organization 
    for a major defense acquisition program shall promptly transmit to 
    the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Developmental Test 
    and Evaluation any records or data relating to the program that are 
    requested by the Deputy Assistant Secretary, as provided in 
    subsection (a)(6).''.
    (g) Annual Report.--Section 139b(d) of such title is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Joint'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) as 
    subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D), respectively, and moving each 
    subparagraph (as so redesignated) two ems to the right;
        (3) by striking ``Not later than March 31'' and inserting:
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than March 31'';
        (4) in the matter appearing before subparagraph (A), as so 
    redesignated, by striking ``jointly'' and inserting ``each''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(2) Additional requirements for report by deputy assistant 
    secretary of defense for developmental test and evaluation.--With 
    respect to the report required under paragraph (1) by the Deputy 
    Assistant Secretary of Defense for Developmental Test and 
    Evaluation, the report shall include--
            ``(A) a separate section that covers the activities of the 
        Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center 
        (established under section 196 of this title) during the 
        preceding year; and
            ``(B) a separate section that addresses the adequacy of the 
        resources available to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation and to the lead 
        developmental test and evaluation organizations of the military 
        departments to carry out the responsibilities prescribed by 
        this section.''.
    (h) Reports to Congress on Failure To Comply With 
Recommendations.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than 60 days after the end of 
    each fiscal year, from fiscal year 2013 through fiscal year 2018, 
    the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
    Logistics shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report on each case in which a major defense acquisition program, 
    in the preceding fiscal year--
            (A) proceeded to implement a test and evaluation master 
        plan notwithstanding a decision of the Deputy Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation to 
        disapprove the developmental test and evaluation plan within 
        that plan in accordance with section 139b(a)(5)(B) of title 10, 
        United States Code; or
            (B) proceeded to initial operational testing and evaluation 
        notwithstanding a determination by the Deputy Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation on 
        the basis of an assessment of operational test readiness that 
        the program is not ready for operational testing.
        (2) Matters covered.--
            (A) For each program covered by paragraph (1)(A), the 
        report shall include the following:
                (i) A description of the specific aspects of the 
            developmental test and evaluation plan that the Deputy 
            Assistant Secretary determined to be inadequate.
                (ii) An explanation of the reasons why the program 
            disregarded the Deputy Assistant Secretary's 
            recommendations with regard to those aspects of the 
            developmental test and evaluation plan.
                (iii) The steps taken to address those aspects of the 
            developmental test and evaluation plan and address the 
            concerns of the Deputy Assistant Secretary.
            (B) For each program covered by paragraph (1)(B), the 
        report shall include the following:
                (i) An explanation of the reasons why the program 
            proceeded to initial operational testing and evaluation 
            notwithstanding the findings of the assessment of 
            operational test readiness.
                (ii) A description of the aspects of the approved 
            testing and evaluation master plan that had to be set aside 
            to enable the program to proceed to initial operational 
            testing and evaluation.
                (iii) A description of how the program addressed the 
            specific areas of concern raised in the assessment of 
            operational test readiness.
                (iv) A statement of whether initial operational testing 
            and evaluation identified any significant shortcomings in 
            the program.
        (3) Additional congressional notification.--Not later than 30 
    days after any decision to conduct developmental testing on a major 
    defense acquisition program without an approved test and evaluation 
    master plan in place, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall provide to the 
    congressional defense committees a written explanation of the basis 
    for the decision and a timeline for getting an approved plan in 
    place.
    SEC. 905. DEFINITION AND REPORT ON TERMS ``PREPARATION OF THE 
      ENVIRONMENT'' AND ``OPERATIONAL PREPARATION OF THE ENVIRONMENT'' 
      FOR JOINT DOCTRINE PURPOSES.
    (a) Definitions Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall define for 
purposes of joint doctrine the following terms:
        (1) The term ``preparation of the environment''.
        (2) The term ``operational preparation of the environment''.
    (b) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees 
    on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
    report on the terms defined under subsection (a). The report shall 
    include the following:
            (A) The definition of the term ``preparation of the 
        environment'' pursuant to subsection (a).
            (B) Examples of activities meeting the definition of the 
        term ``preparation of the environment'' by special operations 
        forces and general purpose forces.
            (C) The definition of the term ``operational preparation of 
        the environment'' pursuant to subsection (a).
            (D) Examples of activities meeting the definition of the 
        term ``operational preparation of the environment'' by special 
        operations forces and general purpose forces.
            (E) An assessment of the appropriate roles of special 
        operations forces and general purpose forces in conducting 
        activities meeting the definition of the term ``preparation of 
        the environment'' and the definition of the term ``operational 
        preparation of the environment''.
        (2) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    SEC. 906. INFORMATION FOR DEPUTY CHIEF MANAGEMENT OFFICER OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FROM THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS AND DEFENSE 
      AGENCIES FOR DEFENSE BUSINESS SYSTEM INVESTMENT REVIEWS.
    Section 2222(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) The investment management process required by paragraph 
(1) shall include requirements for the military departments and the 
Defense Agencies to make available to the Deputy Chief Management 
Officer such information on covered defense business system programs 
and other business functions as the Deputy Chief Management Officer 
shall require for the review of defense business system programs under 
the process. Such information shall be made available to the Deputy 
Chief Management Officer through existing data sources or in a 
standardized format established by the Deputy Chief Management Officer 
for purposes of this paragraph.''.

                      Subtitle B--Space Activities

    SEC. 911. REPORTS ON INTEGRATION OF ACQUISITION AND CAPABILITY 
      DELIVERY SCHEDULES FOR SEGMENTS OF MAJOR SATELLITE ACQUISITION 
      PROGRAMS AND FUNDING FOR SUCH PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 135 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2275. Reports on integration of acquisition and capability 
    delivery schedules for segments of major satellite acquisition 
    programs and funding for such programs
    ``(a) Reports Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on each major satellite 
acquisition program in accordance with subsection (d) that assesses--
        ``(1) the integration of the schedules for the acquisition and 
    the delivery of the capabilities of the segments for the program; 
    and
        ``(2) funding for the program.
    ``(b) Elements.--Each report required by subsection (a) with 
respect to a major satellite acquisition program shall include the 
following:
        ``(1) The amount of funding approved for the program and for 
    each segment of the program that is necessary for full operational 
    capability of the program.
        ``(2) The dates by which the program and each segment of the 
    program is anticipated to reach initial and full operational 
    capability.
        ``(3) A description of the intended primary capabilities and 
    key performance parameters of the program.
        ``(4) An assessment of the extent to which the schedules for 
    the acquisition and the delivery of the capabilities of the 
    segments for the program or any related program referred to in 
    paragraph (1) are integrated.
        ``(5) If the Under Secretary determines pursuant to the 
    assessment under paragraph (4) that the program is a non-integrated 
    program, an identification of--
            ``(A) the impact on the mission of the program of having 
        the delivery of the segment capabilities of the program more 
        than one year apart;
            ``(B) the measures the Under Secretary is taking or is 
        planning to take to improve the integration of the acquisition 
        and delivery schedules of the segment capabilities; and
            ``(C) the risks and challenges that impede the ability of 
        the Department of Defense to fully integrate those schedules.
    ``(c) Consideration by Milestone Decision Authority.--The Milestone 
Decision Authority shall include the report required by subsection (a) 
with respect to a major satellite acquisition program as part of the 
documentation used to approve the acquisition of the program.
    ``(d) Submittal of Reports.--(1) In the case of a major satellite 
acquisition program initiated before the date of the enactment of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, the Under 
Secretary shall submit the report required by subsection (a) with 
respect to the program not later than one year after such date of 
enactment.
    ``(2) In the case of a major satellite acquisition program 
initiated on or after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, the Under Secretary shall 
submit the report required by subsection (a) with respect to the 
program at the time of the Milestone B approval of the program.
    ``(e) Notification to Congress of Non-integrated Acquisition and 
Capability Delivery Schedules.--If, after submitting the report 
required by subsection (a) with respect to a major satellite 
acquisition program, the Under Secretary determines that the program is 
a non-integrated program, the Under Secretary shall, not later than 30 
days after making that determination, submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report--
        ``(1) notifying the committees of that determination; and
        ``(2) identifying--
            ``(A) the impact on the mission of the program of having 
        the delivery of the segment capabilities of the program more 
        than one year apart;
            ``(B) the measures the Under Secretary is taking or is 
        planning to take to improve the integration of the acquisition 
        and delivery schedules of the segment capabilities; and
            ``(C) the risks and challenges that impede the ability of 
        the Department of Defense to fully integrate those schedules.
    ``(f) Annual Updates for Non-integrated Programs.--
        ``(1) Requirement.--For each major satellite acquisition 
    program that the Under Secretary has determined under subsection 
    (b)(5) or subsection (e) is a non-integrated program, the Under 
    Secretary shall annually submit to Congress, at the same time the 
    budget of the President for a fiscal year is submitted under 
    section 1105 of title 31, an update to the report required by 
    subsection (a) for such program.
        ``(2) Termination of requirement.--The requirement to submit an 
    annual report update for a program under paragraph (1) shall 
    terminate on the date on which the Under Secretary submits to the 
    congressional defense committees notice that the Under Secretary 
    has determined that such program is no longer a non-integrated 
    program, or on the date that is five years after the date on which 
    the initial report update required under paragraph (1) is 
    submitted, whichever is earlier.
        ``(3) GAO review of certain non-integrated programs.--If at the 
    time of the termination of the requirement to annually update a 
    report for a program under paragraph (1) the Under Secretary has 
    not provided notice to the congressional defense committees that 
    the Under Secretary has determined that the program is no longer a 
    non-integrated program, the Comptroller General shall conduct a 
    review of such program and submit the results of such review to the 
    congressional defense committees.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Segments.--The term `segments', with respect to a major 
    satellite acquisition program, refers to any satellites acquired 
    under the program and the ground equipment and user terminals 
    necessary to fully exploit the capabilities provided by those 
    satellites.
        ``(2) Major satellite acquisition program.--The term `major 
    satellite acquisition program' means a major defense acquisition 
    program (as defined in section 2430 of this title) for the 
    acquisition of a satellite.
        ``(3) Milestone b approval.--The term `Milestone B approval' 
    has the meaning given that term in section 2366(e)(7) of this 
    title.
        ``(4) Non-integrated program.--The term `non-integrated 
    program' means a program with respect to which the schedules for 
    the acquisition and the delivery of the capabilities of the 
    segments for the program, or a related program that is necessary 
    for the operational capability of the program, provide for the 
    acquisition or the delivery of the capabilities of at least two of 
    the three segments for the program or related program more than one 
    year apart.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 135 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
new item:

``2275. Reports on integration of acquisition and capability delivery 
          schedules for segments of major satellite acquisition programs 
          and funding for such programs.''.
    SEC. 912. COMMERCIAL SPACE LAUNCH COOPERATION.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 135 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 911 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new section:
``Sec. 2276. Commercial space launch cooperation
    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may take such actions as 
the Secretary considers to be in the best interest of the Federal 
Government to--
        ``(1) maximize the use of the capacity of the space 
    transportation infrastructure of the Department of Defense by the 
    private sector in the United States;
        ``(2) maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of the space 
    transportation infrastructure of the Department of Defense;
        ``(3) reduce the cost of services provided by the Department of 
    Defense related to space transportation infrastructure at launch 
    support facilities and space recovery support facilities;
        ``(4) encourage commercial space activities by enabling 
    investment by covered entities in the space transportation 
    infrastructure of the Department of Defense; and
        ``(5) foster cooperation between the Department of Defense and 
    covered entities.
    ``(b) Authority for Contracts and Other Agreements Relating to 
Space Transportation Infrastructure.--The Secretary of Defense--
        ``(1) may enter into an agreement with a covered entity to 
    provide the covered entity with support and services related to the 
    space transportation infrastructure of the Department of Defense; 
    and
        ``(2) upon the request of such covered entity, may include such 
    support and services in the space launch and reentry range support 
    requirements of the Department of Defense if--
            ``(A) the Secretary determines that the inclusion of such 
        support and services in such requirements--
                ``(i) is in the best interest of the Federal 
            Government;
                ``(ii) does not interfere with the requirements of the 
            Department of Defense; and
                ``(iii) does not compete with the commercial space 
            activities of other covered entities, unless that 
            competition is in the national security interests of the 
            United States; and
            ``(B) any commercial requirement included in the agreement 
        has full non-Federal funding before the execution of the 
        agreement.
    ``(c) Contributions.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may enter into an 
    agreement with a covered entity on a cooperative and voluntary 
    basis to accept contributions of funds, services, and equipment to 
    carry out this section.
        ``(2) Use of contributions.--Any funds, services, or equipment 
    accepted by the Secretary under this subsection--
            ``(A) may be used only for the objectives specified in this 
        section in accordance with terms of use set forth in the 
        agreement entered into under this subsection; and
            ``(B) shall be managed by the Secretary in accordance with 
        regulations of the Department of Defense.
        ``(3) Requirements with respect to agreements.--An agreement 
    entered into with a covered entity under this subsection--
            ``(A) shall address the terms of use, ownership, and 
        disposition of the funds, services, or equipment contributed 
        pursuant to the agreement; and
            ``(B) shall include a provision that the covered entity 
        will not recover the costs of its contribution through any 
        other agreement with the United States.
    ``(d) Defense Cooperation Space Launch Account.--
        ``(1) Establishment.--There is established in the Treasury of 
    the United States a special account to be known as the `Defense 
    Cooperation Space Launch Account'.
        ``(2) Crediting of funds.--Funds received by the Secretary of 
    Defense under subsection (c) shall be credited to the Defense 
    Cooperation Space Launch Account.
        ``(3) Use of funds.--Funds deposited in the Defense Cooperation 
    Space Launch Account under paragraph (2) are authorized to be 
    appropriated and shall be available for obligation only to the 
    extent provided in advance in an appropriation Act for costs 
    incurred by the Department of Defense in carrying out subsection 
    (b). Funds in the Account shall remain available until expended.
    ``(e) Annual Report.--Not later than January 31 of each year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the funds, services, and equipment accepted and 
used by the Secretary under this section during the preceding fiscal 
year.
    ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Covered entity.--The term `covered entity' means a non-
    Federal entity that--
            ``(A) is organized under the laws of the United States or 
        of any jurisdiction within the United States; and
            ``(B) is engaged in commercial space activities.
        ``(2) Launch support facilities.--The term `launch support 
    facilities' has the meaning given the term in section 50501(7) of 
    title 51.
        ``(3) Space recovery support facilities.--The term `space 
    recovery support facilities' has the meaning given the term in 
    section 50501(11) of title 51.
        ``(4) Space transportation infrastructure.--The term `space 
    transportation infrastructure' has the meaning given that term in 
    section 50501(12) of title 51.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter, as so amended, is further amended by adding at the end 
the following new item:

``2276. Commercial space launch cooperation.''.
    SEC. 913. LIMITATION ON INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS CONCERNING OUTER 
      SPACE ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Certification Required.--If the United States becomes a 
signatory to a non-legally binding international agreement concerning 
an International Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities or any 
similar agreement, at the same time as the United States becomes such a 
signatory--
        (1) the President shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
    House of Representatives, and the Select Committee on Intelligence 
    of the Senate a certification that such agreement has no legally-
    binding effect or basis for limiting the activities of the United 
    States in outer space; and
        (2) the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
    of Staff, and the Director of National Intelligence shall jointly 
    submit to the congressional defense committees a certification that 
    such agreement will be equitable, enhance national security, and 
    have no militarily significant impact on the ability of the United 
    States to conduct military or intelligence activities in space.
    (b) Briefings and Notifications Required.--
        (1) Restatement of policy formulation under the arms control 
    and disarmament act with respect to outer space.--No action shall 
    be taken that would obligate the United States to reduce or limit 
    the Armed Forces or armaments of the United States in outer space 
    in a militarily significant manner, except pursuant to the treaty-
    making power of the President set forth in Article II, Section 2, 
    Clause II of the Constitution or unless authorized by the enactment 
    of further affirmative legislation by the Congress of the United 
    States.
        (2) Briefings.--
            (A) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary 
        of State, and the Director of National Intelligence shall 
        jointly provide to the covered congressional committees 
        regular, detailed updates on the negotiation of a non-legally 
        binding international agreement concerning an International 
        Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities or any similar 
        agreement.
            (B) Termination of requirement.--The requirement to provide 
        regular briefings under subparagraph (A) shall terminate on the 
        date on which the United States becomes a signatory to an 
        agreement referred to in subparagraph (A), or on the date on 
        which the President certifies to Congress that the United 
        States is no longer negotiating an agreement referred to in 
        subparagraph (A), whichever is earlier.
        (3) Notifications.--If the United States becomes a signatory to 
    a non-legally binding international agreement concerning an 
    International Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities or any 
    similar agreement, not less than 60 days prior to any action that 
    will obligate the United States to reduce or limit the Armed Forces 
    or armaments or activities of the United States in outer space, the 
    head of each Department or agency of the Federal Government that is 
    affected by such action shall submit to Congress notice of such 
    action and the effect of such action on such Department or agency.
        (4) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``covered 
    congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the House of Representatives; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of 
        the Senate.
    (c) Report on Foreign Counter-space Programs.--
        (1) Report required.--Chapter 135 of title 10, United States 
    Code, as amended by section 912 of this Act, is further amended by 
    adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2277. Report on foreign counter-space programs
    ``(a) Report Required.--Not later than January 1 of each year, the 
Secretary of Defense and the Director of National Intelligence shall 
jointly submit to Congress a report on the counter-space programs of 
foreign countries.
    ``(b) Contents.--Each report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
        ``(1) an explanation of whether any foreign country has a 
    counter-space program that could be a threat to the national 
    security or commercial space systems of the United States; and
        ``(2) the name of each country with a counter-space program 
    described in paragraph (1).
    ``(c) Form.--
        ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and 
    (3), each report required under subsection (a) shall be submitted 
    in unclassified form.
        ``(2) Classified annex.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
    Director of National Intelligence may submit to the covered 
    congressional committees a classified annex to a report required 
    under subsection (a) containing any classified information required 
    to be submitted for such report.
        ``(3) Foreign country names.--
            ``(A) Unclassified form.--Subject to subparagraph (B), each 
        report required under subsection (a) shall include the 
        information required under subsection (b)(2) in unclassified 
        form.
            ``(B) National security waiver.--The Secretary of Defense 
        and the Director of National Intelligence may waive the 
        requirement under subparagraph (A) if the Secretary and the 
        Director of National Intelligence jointly determine it is in 
        the interests of national security to waive such requirement 
        and submits to Congress an explanation of why the Secretary and 
        the Director waived such requirement.
    ``(d) Covered Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term `covered congressional committees' means the Committee on 
Armed Services and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services and 
the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 135 of title 10, United States Code, as so amended, is 
    further amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2277. Report on foreign counter-space programs.''.
    SEC. 914. OPERATIONALLY RESPONSIVE SPACE PROGRAM OFFICE.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 2273a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) In General.--There is within the Air Force Space and Missile 
Systems Center of the Department of Defense a joint program office 
known as the Operationally Responsive Space Program Office (in this 
section referred to as the `Office'). The facilities of the Office may 
not be co-located with the headquarters facilities of the Air Force 
Space and Missile Systems Center.''.
    (b) Head of Office.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended by 
striking ``shall be--'' and all that follows and inserting ``shall be 
the designee of the Department of Defense Executive Agent for Space. 
The head of the Office shall report to the Commander of the Air Force 
Space and Missile Systems Center.''.
    (c) Mission.--Subsection (c)(1) of such section is amended by 
striking ``spacelift'' and inserting ``launch''.
    (d) Senior Acquisition Executive.--Paragraph (1) of subsection (e) 
of such section is amended to read as follows:
        ``(1) The Program Executive Officer for Space shall be the 
    Acquisition Executive of the Office and shall provide streamlined 
    acquisition authorities for projects of the Office.''.
    (e) Executive Committee.--Such section is further amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Executive Committee.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish for the Office an Executive Committee (to be known as the 
`Operationally Responsive Space Executive Committee') to provide 
coordination, oversight, and approval of projects of the Office.
    ``(2) The Executive Committee shall consist of the officials (and 
their duties) as follows:
        ``(A) The Department of Defense Executive Agent for Space, who 
    shall serve as Chair of the Executive Committee and provide 
    oversight, prioritization, coordination, and resources for the 
    Office.
        ``(B) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
    Technology, and Logistics, who shall provide coordination and 
    oversight of the Office and recommend funding sources for programs 
    of the Office that exceed the approved program baseline.
        ``(C) The Commander of the United States Strategic Command, who 
    shall validate requirements for systems to be acquired by the 
    Office and participate in approval of any acquisition program 
    initiated by the Office.
        ``(D) The Commander of the Air Force Space Command, the 
    Commander of the Army Space and Missile Defense Command, and the 
    Commander of the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command, who shall 
    jointly organize, train, and equip forces to support the 
    acquisition programs of the Office.
        ``(E) Such other officials (and their duties) as the Secretary 
    of Defense considers appropriate.''.
    SEC. 915. REPORT ON OVERHEAD PERSISTENT INFRARED TECHNOLOGY.
    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Director of National Intelligence, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees, the Permanent Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the House of Representatives, and the Select Committee 
on Intelligence of the Senate a report on overhead persistent infrared 
technology that includes--
        (1) an identification of the comprehensive overhead persistent 
    infrared technology requirements of the Department of Defense and 
    the intelligence community;
        (2) a description of the strategy, plan, and budget for the 
    space layer, with supporting ground architecture, including key 
    decision points for the current and next generation overhead 
    persistent infrared technology with respect to missile warning, 
    missile defense, battlespace awareness, and technical intelligence;
        (3) an assessment of whether there are further opportunities 
    for the Department of Defense and the intelligence community to 
    capitalize on increased data sharing, fusion, interoperability, and 
    exploitation;
        (4) recommendations on how to better coordinate the efforts by 
    the Department and the intelligence community to exploit overhead 
    persistent infrared sensor data; and
        (5) any other relevant information that the Secretary considers 
    necessary.
    (b) Comptroller General Assessment.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits the report required 
under subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees an assessment of 
the report required under subsection (a), including--
        (1) an assessment of whether such report is comprehensive, 
    fully supported, and sufficiently detailed; and
        (2) an identification of any shortcomings, limitations, or 
    other reportable matters that affect the quality or findings of the 
    report required under subsection (a).
    (c) Intelligence Community Defined.--In this section, the term 
``intelligence community'' has the meaning given that term in section 
3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4)).
    SEC. 916. ASSESSMENT OF FOREIGN COMPONENTS AND THE SPACE LAUNCH 
      CAPABILITY OF THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Assessment.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics shall conduct an independent assessment of 
the national security implications of continuing to use foreign 
component and propulsion systems for the launch vehicles under the 
evolved expendable launch vehicle program.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the assessment conducted under subsection (a).
    SEC. 917. REPORT ON COUNTER SPACE TECHNOLOGY.
    (a) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for two years, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a 
report based on all available information (including the Counter Space 
Technology List of the Department of State) describing key space 
technologies that could be used, or are being sought, by a foreign 
country with a counter space or ballistic missile program, and should 
be subject to export controls by the United States or an ally of the 
United States, as appropriate.
    (b) Form.--Each report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

              Subtitle C--Intelligence-Related Activities

    SEC. 921. AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE GEOSPATIAL INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT TO 
      CERTAIN SECURITY ALLIANCES AND REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.
    (a) Authorization.--Section 443(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``foreign countries'' and inserting ``foreign 
countries, regional organizations with defense or security components, 
and security alliances of which the United States is a member''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 443 of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended by striking ``foreign countries'' 
    and inserting ``foreign countries, regional organizations, and 
    security alliances''.
        (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 22 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking the item relating to section 443 and inserting the 
    following new item:

``443. Imagery intelligence and geospatial information: support for 
          foreign countries, regional organizations, and security 
          alliances.''.

    (c) Reports.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than January 15 during each of 2014 
    and 2015, the Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence 
    Agency shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees an 
    annual report on the imagery intelligence or geospatial information 
    support that the Director provided to a regional organization or 
    security alliance under section 443(a) of title 10, United States 
    Code, as amended by subsection (a), during the year covered by the 
    report, including an identification of each such organization or 
    alliance and the number of times such organization or alliance 
    received such intelligence or support.
        (2) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
    subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
    means--
            (A) the congressional defense committees; and
            (B) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        House of Representatives and the Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the Senate.
    SEC. 922. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO REFLECT CHANGE IN NAME OF 
      NATIONAL DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE COLLEGE TO NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE 
      UNIVERSITY.
    (a) Conforming Amendments To Reflect Name Change.--Section 2161 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``National Defense 
Intelligence College'' each place it appears and inserting ``National 
Intelligence University''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is amended to 
    read as follows:
``Sec. 2161. Degree granting authority for National Intelligence 
    University''.
        (2) Table of sections.--The item related to such section in the 
    table of sections at the beginning of chapter 108 of such title is 
    amended to read as follows:

``2161. Degree granting authority for National Intelligence 
          University.''.
    SEC. 923. REVIEW OF ARMY DISTRIBUTED COMMON GROUND SYSTEM.
    (a) Review.--The Secretary of the Army shall direct the Army 
Systems Acquisition Review Council to--
        (1) review the Distributed Common Ground System program of the 
    Army; and
        (2) report the results of such review to the congressional 
    defense committees not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act.
    (b) Elements.--The review required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
        (1) an assessment of the current acquisition strategy for the 
    Distributed Common Ground System program of the Army to determine 
    the relevance of such program to the current and emerging needs of 
    the Army, including evolving technology needs and architectural 
    strategies;
        (2) an assessment of the current technology performance to meet 
    existing program requirements, including interoperability, net-
    readiness, and functional performance for both cloud-enabled and 
    disconnected operations;
        (3) an analysis of competitive procedures that allow new and 
    emerging capabilities, including integration of quick reaction 
    capabilities, to be rapidly integrated into the architecture, 
    including through the use of product fly-offs using standardized, 
    Government-provided common data sets that allow for equitable 
    comparisons of capabilities;
        (4) an analysis of the current technological path to ensure 
    such path incorporates current best practices from industry and is 
    in concert with the emerging needs and requirements of the Joint 
    Information Environment;
        (5) an assessment of such program to ensure appropriate 
    investments in human systems integration are being made to ensure 
    interface usability;
        (6) an assessment of such program to ensure enterprise 
    knowledge management and training requirements are commensurate 
    with the anticipated force structure of the Army for the decade 
    following the date of the enactment of this Act; and
        (7) recommendations for any changes that may be needed as a 
    result of the review.
    SEC. 924. ELECTRO-OPTICAL IMAGERY.
    (a) Identification of Department of Defense Electro-optical 
Satellite Imagery Requirements.--
        (1) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2013, the Chairman of the 
    Joint Requirements Oversight Council shall submit to the Director 
    of the Congressional Budget Office a report setting forth a 
    comprehensive description of Department of Defense peacetime and 
    wartime requirements for electro-optical satellite imagery.
        (2) Scope of requirements.--The requirements under paragraph 
    (1) shall--
            (A) be expressed in such terms as are necessary, which may 
        include daily regional and global area coverage and number of 
        point targets, resolution, revisit rates, mean-time to access, 
        latency, redundancy, survivability, and diversity; and
            (B) take into consideration all types of imagery and 
        collection means available.
    (b) Assessment of Identified Requirements.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than September 15, 2013, the 
    Director of the Congressional Budget Office shall submit to the 
    appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth an 
    assessment by the Director of the report required by subsection 
    (a).
        (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include an assessment of the following:
            (A) The extent to which the requirements of the Department 
        for electro-optical imagery from space can be satisfied by 
        commercial companies using either--
                (i) current designs; or
                (ii) enhanced designs that could be developed at low 
            risk.
            (B) The estimated cost and schedule of satisfying such 
        requirements using commercial companies.
        (3) Consultation and other resources.--In preparing the 
    assessment required by paragraph (1), the Director shall--
            (A) consult widely with officials of the Government, 
        private industry, and academia; and
            (B) make maximum use of existing studies and modeling and 
        simulations.
        (4) Access to information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
    provide the appropriately cleared staff of the Director of the 
    Congressional Budget Office with such access to information and 
    programs applicable to the assessment required by paragraph (1) as 
    the Director of the Congressional Budget Office shall require for 
    the preparation of the assessment.
    (c) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
        (1) the Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations and the 
    Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations and the 
    Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
    Representatives.
    SEC. 925. DEFENSE CLANDESTINE SERVICE.
    (a) Prohibition on Use of Funds for Additional Personnel.--
        (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), none of the funds 
    authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be obligated or 
    expended for--
            (A) civilian personnel in the Department of Defense 
        conducting or supporting human intelligence in excess of the 
        number of such civilian personnel as of April 20, 2012; or
            (B) positions in the Department of Defense served by 
        members of the Armed Forces conducting or supporting human 
        intelligence within the Department of Defense in excess of the 
        number of such positions as of April 20, 2012.
        (2) Reduction of civilian personnel.--
            (A) Reduction.--Subject to subparagraph (B), if on the date 
        of the enactment of this Act the number of civilian personnel 
        in the Department of Defense conducting or supporting human 
        intelligence exceeds the number of such personnel as of April 
        20, 2012, the Secretary of Defense shall, not later than 30 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, take 
        appropriate action to promptly reduce, consistent with 
        reduction-in-force procedures, the total number of such 
        civilian personnel to the number of such civilian personnel as 
        of April 20, 2012.
            (B) Exception.--For each civilian personnel in the 
        Department of Defense conducting or supporting human 
        intelligence in excess of the number of such civilian personnel 
        as of April 20, 2012, that the Secretary considers necessary to 
        maintain after the date of the enactment of this Act during all 
        or part of fiscal year 2013, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress a comprehensive 
        justification for maintaining such civilian personnel, 
        including the specific role, mission, and responsibilities of 
        such civilian personnel and whether such civilian personnel was 
        employed in another capacity in the Department of Defense 
        immediately prior to beginning the conduct or support of human 
        intelligence.
            (C) Limitation.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        this subsection, following the action taken by the Secretary 
        under subparagraph (A), the number of civilian personnel in the 
        Department of Defense conducting or supporting human 
        intelligence for fiscal year 2013 shall not exceed the total 
        of--
                (i) the number of such civilian personnel as of April 
            20, 2012; and
                (ii) the number of such civilian personnel for which 
            the Secretary has submitted a justification under 
            subparagraph (B).
    (b) CAPE Report on Costs.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Director of Cost Assessment and 
Program Evaluation of the Department of Defense, in consultation with 
the Director of National Intelligence, shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress an independent, comprehensive estimate of the 
costs of the Defense Clandestine Service, including an estimate of the 
costs over the period of the current future-years defense program and 
such years occurring after such period as the Director is able to 
reasonably estimate.
    (c) USDI Report on DCS.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than February 1, 2013, the 
    Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence shall submit to the 
    appropriate committees of Congress a report on the Defense 
    Clandestine Service.
        (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
    following:
            (A) A detailed description of the location and schedule for 
        current and anticipated deployments of case officers trained 
        under the Field Tradecraft Course and a certification of 
        whether each activity receiving a deployment can accommodate 
        and support the deployment.
            (B) A statement of the objectives for the effective 
        management of case officers trained under the Field Tradecraft 
        Course. Such objectives shall include an outline of career 
        management tracks commencing with accession, initial training 
        requirement, number of Defense Clandestine Service tours 
        requiring Field Tradecraft Course training, and objectives for 
        management of career tracks, including promotion criteria.
            (C) A statement of the manner in which each military 
        department and the Defense Intelligence Agency will each 
        achieve the objectives applicable under subparagraph (B).
            (D) A copy of any memoranda of understanding or memoranda 
        of agreement between the Department of Defense and other 
        departments and agencies of the United States Government, or 
        between components of the Department of Defense, that are 
        required to implement objectives for the Defense Clandestine 
        Service.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term ``appropriate 
    committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
        (2) Future-years defense program.--The term ``future-years 
    defense program'' means the future-years defense program under 
    section 221 of title 10, United States Code.

                 Subtitle D--Cyberspace-Related Matters

    SEC. 931. IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY FOR JOINT INFORMATION 
      ENVIRONMENT.
    (a) Implementation Strategy.--Not later than March 31, 2013, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a strategy for implementing the Joint Information 
Environment. Such strategy shall include--
        (1) a description for the vision for the Joint Information 
    Environment, including a roadmap for achieving such vision from the 
    existing baseline architecture;
        (2) an assessment of the key milestones, metrics, and resources 
    needed to achieve such vision, including the anticipated 
    implementation cost and lifecycle cost savings of the Joint 
    Information Environment;
        (3) a description of the acquisition strategy and management 
    plan for implementing the Joint Information Environment;
        (4) an analysis of the key technical and policy challenges that 
    must be addressed to achieve such vision, including assignment of 
    responsibility for addressing such challenges;
        (5) an identification of dependencies with existing initiatives 
    or programs and capability gaps not currently addressed by funded 
    initiatives or programs; and
        (6) an assessment of the personnel challenges associated with 
    manning, training, operating, defending, and fighting in the Joint 
    Information Environment as a command and control and weapon system.
    (b) Personnel Plan.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a Department-wide personnel plan for 
making the Joint Information Environment operational. Such personnel 
plan shall be based on the strategy required under subsection (a) and 
shall include a validated Joint Staff requirement for manpower levels 
and the levels required for each of the military departments and combat 
support agencies needed for full spectrum cyber operations, including 
the national cyber defense mission and the operational plans of the 
combatant commands, for each fiscal year across the current future-
years defense program.
    SEC. 932. NEXT-GENERATION HOST-BASED CYBER SECURITY SYSTEM FOR THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Strategy for Acquisition of System Required.--The Chief 
Information Officer of the Department of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics and the Commander of the United States Cyber Command, develop 
a strategy to acquire next-generation host-based cyber security tools 
and capabilities (in this section referred to as a ``next-generation 
system'') for the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements of System.--It is the sense of Congress that any next-
generation system acquired under the strategy required by subsection 
(a) should meet the following requirements:
        (1) To overcome problems and limitations in current 
    capabilities, the system should not rely on techniques that--
            (A) cannot address new or rapidly morphing threats;
            (B) consume substantial amounts of communications capacity 
        to remain current with known threats and to report current 
        status; or
            (C) consume substantial amounts of resources to store 
        rapidly growing threat libraries.
        (2) The system should provide an open architecture-based 
    framework for so-called ``plug-and-play'' integration of a variety 
    of types of deployable tools, including appropriate commercially 
    available applications, in addition to cyber intrusion detection 
    tools, including tools for--
            (A) insider threat detection;
            (B) continuous monitoring and configuration management;
            (C) remediation following infections; and
            (D) protection techniques that do not rely on detection of 
        the attack.
        (3) The system should be designed for ease of deployment to 
    potentially millions of host devices of tailored security solutions 
    depending on need and risk, and to be compatible with cloud-based, 
    thin-client, and virtualized environments as well as battlefield 
    devices and weapons systems.
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--The Chief Information Officer shall 
submit to Congress a report setting forth the strategy required by 
subsection (a) together with the budget justification materials of the 
Department of Defense submitted to Congress with the budget of the 
President for fiscal year 2015 pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, 
United States Code.
    SEC. 933. IMPROVEMENTS IN ASSURANCE OF COMPUTER SOFTWARE PROCURED 
      BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Baseline Software Assurance Policy.--The Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, in coordination 
with the Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, shall 
develop and implement a baseline software assurance policy for the 
entire lifecycle of covered systems. Such policy shall be included as 
part of the strategy for trusted defense systems of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Policy Elements.--The baseline software assurance policy under 
subsection (a) shall--
        (1) require use of appropriate automated vulnerability analysis 
    tools in computer software code during the entire lifecycle of a 
    covered system, including during development, operational testing, 
    operations and sustainment phases, and retirement;
        (2) require covered systems to identify and prioritize security 
    vulnerabilities and, based on risk, determine appropriate 
    remediation strategies for such security vulnerabilities;
        (3) ensure such remediation strategies are translated into 
    contract requirements and evaluated during source selection;
        (4) promote best practices and standards to achieve software 
    security, assurance, and quality; and
        (5) support competition and allow flexibility and compatibility 
    with current or emerging software methodologies.
    (c) Verification of Effective Implementation.--The Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, in coordination 
with the Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, 
shall--
        (1) collect data on implementation of the policy developed 
    under subsection (a) and measure the effectiveness of such policy, 
    including the particular elements required under subsection (b); 
    and
        (2) identify and promote best practices, tools, and standards 
    for developing and validating assured software for the Department 
    of Defense.
    (d) Briefing on Additional Means of Improving Software Assurance.--
Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Under Secretary for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall, 
in coordination with the Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
Defense, provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
the following:
        (1) A research and development strategy to advance capabilities 
    in software assurance and vulnerability detection.
        (2) The state-of-the-art of software assurance analysis and 
    test.
        (3) How the Department might hold contractors liable for 
    software defects or vulnerabilities.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Covered system.--The term ``covered system'' means any 
    Department of Defense critical information, business, or weapons 
    system that is--
            (A) a major system, as that term is defined in section 
        2302(5) of title 10, United States Code;
            (B) a national security system, as that term is defined in 
        section 3542(b)(2) of title 44, United States Code; or
            (C) a Department of Defense information system categorized 
        as Mission Assurance Category I in Department of Defense 
        Directive 8500.01E that is funded by the Department of Defense.
        (2) Software assurance.--The term ``software assurance'' means 
    the level of confidence that software functions as intended and is 
    free of vulnerabilities, either intentionally or unintentionally 
    designed or inserted as part of the software, throughout the life 
    cycle.
    SEC. 934. COMPETITION IN CONNECTION WITH DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      TACTICAL DATA LINK SYSTEMS.
    (a) Competition in Connection With Tactical Data Link Systems.--Not 
later than December 1, 2013, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall--
        (1) develop an inventory of all tactical data link systems in 
    use and in development in the Department of Defense, including 
    interfaces and waveforms;
        (2) conduct an analysis of each data link system contained in 
    the inventory under paragraph (1) to determine whether--
            (A) the upgrade, new deployment, or replacement of such 
        system should be open to competition; or
            (B) the data link should be converted to an open 
        architecture, or a different data link standard should be 
        adopted to enable such competition;
        (3) for each data link system for which competition is 
    determined advisable under subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph 
    (2), develop a plan to achieve such competition, including a plan 
    to address any policy, legal, programmatic, or technical barriers 
    to such competition; and
        (4) for each data link system for which competition is 
    determined not advisable under paragraph (2), prepare an 
    explanation for such determination.
    (b) Earlier Actions.--If the Under Secretary completes any portion 
of the plan described in subsection (a)(3) before December 1, 2013, the 
Secretary may commence action on such portion of the plan upon 
completion of such portion, including publication of such portion of 
the plan.
    (c) Report.--At the same time the budget of the President for 
fiscal year 2015 is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) 
of title 31, United States Code, the Under Secretary shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the plans described in 
paragraph (3) of subsection (a), including any explanation prepared 
under paragraph (4) of such subsection.
    SEC. 935. COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF NETWORK FLOW DATA.
    (a) Development of Technologies.--The Chief Information Officer of 
the Department of Defense may, in coordination with the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Policy and the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Intelligence and acting through the Director of the Defense Information 
Systems Agency, use the available funding and research activities and 
capabilities of the Community Data Center of the Defense Information 
Systems Agency to develop and demonstrate collection, processing, and 
storage technologies for network flow data that--
        (1) are potentially scalable to the volume used by Tier 1 
    Internet Service Providers to collect and analyze the flow data 
    across their networks;
        (2) will substantially reduce the cost and complexity of 
    capturing and analyzing high volumes of flow data; and
        (3) support the capability--
            (A) to detect and identify cyber security threats, networks 
        of compromised computers, and command and control sites used 
        for managing illicit cyber operations and receiving information 
        from compromised computers;
            (B) to track illicit cyber operations for attribution of 
        the source; and
            (C) to provide early warning and attack assessment of 
        offensive cyber operations.
    (b) Coordination.--Any research and development required in the 
development of the technologies described in subsection (a) shall be 
conducted in cooperation with the heads of other appropriate 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government and, whenever 
feasible, Tier 1 Internet Service Providers and other managed security 
service providers.
    SEC. 936. COMPETITION FOR LARGE-SCALE SOFTWARE DATABASE AND DATA 
      ANALYSIS TOOLS.
    (a) Analysis.--
        (1) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
    Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, shall 
    conduct an analysis of large-scale software database tools and 
    large-scale software data analysis tools that could be used to meet 
    current and future Department of Defense needs for large-scale data 
    analytics.
        (2) Elements.--The analysis required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include--
            (A) an analysis of the technical requirements and needs for 
        large-scale software database and data analysis tools, 
        including prioritization of key technical features needed by 
        the Department of Defense; and
            (B) an assessment of the available sources from Government 
        and commercial sources to meet such needs, including an 
        assessment by the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Manufacturing and Industrial Base Policy to ensure sufficiency 
        and diversity of potential commercial sources.
        (3) Submission.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Chief Information Officer shall submit 
    to the congressional defense committees the results of the analysis 
    required under paragraph (1).
    (b) Competition Required.--
        (1) In general.--If, following the analysis required under 
    subsection (a), the Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
    Defense identifies needs for software systems or large-scale 
    software database or data analysis tools, the Department shall 
    acquire such systems or such tools based on market research and 
    using competitive procedures in accordance with applicable law and 
    the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement.
        (2) Notification.--If the Chief Information Officer elects to 
    acquire large-scale software database or data analysis tools using 
    procedures other than competitive procedures, the Chief Information 
    Officer and the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
    Technology, and Logistics shall submit a written notification to 
    the congressional defense committees on a quarterly basis until 
    September 30, 2018, that describes the acquisition involved, the 
    date the decision was made, and the rationale for not using 
    competitive procedures.
    SEC. 937. SOFTWARE LICENSES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Plan for Inventory of Licenses.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Chief Information Officer of the 
    Department of the Defense shall, in consultation with the chief 
    information officers of the military departments and the Defense 
    Agencies, issue a plan for the inventory of selected software 
    licenses of the Department of Defense, including a comparison of 
    licenses purchased with licenses installed.
        (2) Selected software licenses.--The Chief Information Officer 
    shall determine the software licenses to be treated as selected 
    software licenses of the Department for purposes of this section. 
    The licenses shall be determined so as to maximize the return on 
    investment in the inventory conducted pursuant to the plan required 
    by paragraph (1).
        (3) Plan elements.--The plan under paragraph (1) shall include 
    the following:
            (A) An identification and explanation of the software 
        licenses determined by the Chief Information Officer under 
        paragraph (2) to be selected software licenses for purposes of 
        this section, and a summary outline of the software licenses 
        determined not to be selected software licenses for such 
        purposes.
            (B) Means to assess the needs of the Department and the 
        components of the Department for selected software licenses 
        during the two fiscal years following the date of the issuance 
        of the plan.
            (C) Means by which the Department can achieve the greatest 
        possible economies of scale and cost savings in the 
        procurement, use, and optimization of selected software 
        licenses.
    (b) Performance Plan.--If the Chief Information Officer determines 
through the inventory conducted pursuant to the plan required by 
subsection (a) that the number of selected software licenses of the 
Department and the components of the Department exceeds the needs of 
the Department for such software licenses, the Secretary of Defense 
shall implement a plan to bring the number of such software licenses 
into balance with the needs of the Department.
    SEC. 938. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON POTENTIAL SECURITY RISKS TO 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NETWORKS.
    It is the sense of Congress that the Department of Defense--
        (1) must ensure it maintains full visibility and adequate 
    control of its supply chain, including subcontractors, in order to 
    mitigate supply chain exploitation; and
        (2) needs the authority and capability to mitigate supply chain 
    risks to its information technology systems that fall outside the 
    scope of National Security Systems.
    SEC. 939. QUARTERLY CYBER OPERATIONS BRIEFINGS.
    (a) Briefings.--Chapter 23 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 483 the following new section:
``Sec. 484. Quarterly cyber operations briefings
    ``The Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate quarterly 
briefings on all offensive and significant defensive military 
operations in cyberspace carried out by the Department of Defense 
during the immediately preceding quarter.''.
    (b) Initial Briefing.--The first briefing required under section 
484 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall 
be provided not later than March 1, 2013.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 23 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 483 the following new item:

``484. Quarterly cyber operations briefings.''.
    SEC. 940. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE UNITED STATES CYBER COMMAND.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) there is a serious cyber threat to the national security of 
    the United States and the need to work both offensively and 
    defensively to protect the networks and critical infrastructure of 
    the United States;
        (2) it is important to have a unified command structure in the 
    Department of Defense to direct military operations in cyberspace;
        (3) a change in the status of the United States Cyber Command 
    has implications for the entire Department and the national 
    security of the United States, which require careful consideration;
        (4) Congress expects to be briefed and consulted about any 
    proposal to elevate the United States Cyber Command to a unified 
    command at the time when the Secretary of Defense makes such a 
    proposal and to receive--
            (A) a clear statement of mission of the United States Cyber 
        Command and related legal definitions;
            (B) an outline of the specific national security benefits 
        of elevating the sub-unified United States Cyber Command to a 
        unified command;
            (C) an estimate of the cost of creating a unified United 
        States Cyber Command and a justification of the expenditure; 
        and
            (D) if the Secretary considers it advisable to continue the 
        designation of the Commander of the United States Cyber Command 
        as also being the Director of the National Security Agency--
                (i) an explanation of how a single individual could 
            serve as a commander of a combatant command that conducts 
            overt, though clandestine, cyber operations under title 10, 
            United States Code, and serve as the head of an element of 
            the intelligence community that conducts covert cyber 
            operations under the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
            U.S.C. 401 et seq.) in a manner that affords deniability to 
            the United States; and
                (ii) a statement of whether the Secretary believes it 
            is appropriate either to appoint a line officer as the 
            Director of the National Security Agency or to take the 
            unprecedented step of appointing an intelligence officer as 
            a unified commander; and
        (5) appropriate policy foundations and standing rules of 
    engagement must be in place before any decision to create a unified 
    United States Cyber Command.
    SEC. 941. REPORTS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ON PENETRATIONS OF 
      NETWORKS AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS OF CERTAIN CONTRACTORS.
    (a) Procedures for Reporting Penetrations.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall establish procedures that require each cleared defense 
contractor to report to a component of the Department of Defense 
designated by the Secretary for purposes of such procedures when a 
network or information system of such contractor that meets the 
criteria established pursuant to subsection (b) is successfully 
penetrated.
    (b) Networks and Information Systems Subject to Reporting.--
        (1) Criteria.--The Secretary of Defense shall designate a 
    senior official to, in consultation with the officials specified in 
    paragraph (2), establish criteria for covered networks to be 
    subject to the procedures for reporting system penetrations under 
    subsection (a).
        (2) Officials.--The officials specified in this subsection are 
    the following:
            (A) The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
            (B) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics.
            (C) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
            (D) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (E) The Commander of the United States Cyber Command.
    (c) Procedure Requirements.--
        (1) Rapid reporting.--The procedures established pursuant to 
    subsection (a) shall require each cleared defense contractor to 
    rapidly report to a component of the Department of Defense 
    designated pursuant to subsection (a) of each successful 
    penetration of the network or information systems of such 
    contractor that meet the criteria established pursuant to 
    subsection (b). Each such report shall include the following:
            (A) A description of the technique or method used in such 
        penetration.
            (B) A sample of the malicious software, if discovered and 
        isolated by the contractor, involved in such penetration.
            (C) A summary of information created by or for the 
        Department in connection with any Department program that has 
        been potentially compromised due to such penetration.
        (2) Access to equipment and information by department of 
    defense personnel.--The procedures established pursuant to 
    subsection (a) shall--
            (A) include mechanisms for Department of Defense personnel 
        to, upon request, obtain access to equipment or information of 
        a cleared defense contractor necessary to conduct forensic 
        analysis in addition to any analysis conducted by such 
        contractor;
            (B) provide that a cleared defense contractor is only 
        required to provide access to equipment or information as 
        described in subparagraph (A) to determine whether information 
        created by or for the Department in connection with any 
        Department program was successfully exfiltrated from a network 
        or information system of such contractor and, if so, what 
        information was exfiltrated; and
            (C) provide for the reasonable protection of trade secrets, 
        commercial or financial information, and information that can 
        be used to identify a specific person.
        (3) Limitation on dissemination of certain information.--The 
    procedures established pursuant to subsection (a) shall prohibit 
    the dissemination outside the Department of Defense of information 
    obtained or derived through such procedures that is not created by 
    or for the Department except with the approval of the contractor 
    providing such information.
    (d) Issuance of Procedures and Establishment of Criteria.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act--
            (A) the Secretary of Defense shall establish the procedures 
        required under subsection (a); and
            (B) the senior official designated under subsection (b)(1) 
        shall establish the criteria required under such subsection.
        (2) Applicability date.--The requirements of this section shall 
    apply on the date on which the Secretary of Defense establishes the 
    procedures required under this section.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Cleared defense contractor.--The term ``cleared defense 
    contractor'' means a private entity granted clearance by the 
    Department of Defense to access, receive, or store classified 
    information for the purpose of bidding for a contract or conducting 
    activities in support of any program of the Department of Defense.
        (2) Covered network.--The term ``covered network'' means a 
    network or information system of a cleared defense contractor that 
    contains or processes information created by or for the Department 
    of Defense with respect to which such contractor is required to 
    apply enhanced protection.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

    SEC. 951. ADVICE ON MILITARY REQUIREMENTS BY CHAIRMAN OF JOINT 
      CHIEFS OF STAFF AND JOINT REQUIREMENTS OVERSIGHT COUNCIL.
    (a) Amendments Related to Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff.--
Section 153(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subparagraph (F) and inserting the following new 
subparagraphs:
        ``(F) Identifying, assessing, and approving military 
    requirements (including existing systems and equipment) to meet the 
    National Military Strategy.
        ``(G) Recommending to the Secretary appropriate trade-offs 
    among life-cycle cost, schedule, and performance objectives, and 
    procurement quantity objectives, to ensure that such trade-offs are 
    made in the acquisition of materiel and equipment to support the 
    strategic and contingency plans required by this subsection in the 
    most effective and efficient manner.''.
    (b) Amendments Related to JROC.--Section 181(b) of such title is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(C), by striking ``in ensuring'' and all 
    that follows through ``requirements'' and inserting the following: 
    ``in ensuring that appropriate trade-offs are made among life-cycle 
    cost, schedule, and performance objectives, and procurement 
    quantity objectives, in the establishment and approval of military 
    requirements''; and
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``such resource level'' and 
    inserting ``the total cost of such resources''.
    (c) Amendments Related to Chiefs of Armed Forces.--Section 2547(a) 
of such title is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``of requirements relating to 
    the defense acquisition system'' and inserting ``of requirements 
    for equipping the armed force concerned'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (5) 
    and (6), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(3) The recommendation of trade-offs among life-cycle cost, 
    schedule, and performance objectives, and procurement quantity 
    objectives, to ensure acquisition programs deliver best value in 
    meeting the approved military requirements.
        ``(4) Termination of development or procurement programs for 
    which life-cycle cost, schedule, and performance expectations are 
    no longer consistent with approved military requirements and levels 
    of priority, or which no longer have approved military 
    requirements.''.
    SEC. 952. ENHANCEMENT OF RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE 
      JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF REGARDING THE NATIONAL MILITARY STRATEGY.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (b) of section 153 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) National Military Strategy.--
        ``(1) National military strategy.--(A) The Chairman shall 
    determine each even-numbered year whether to prepare a new National 
    Military Strategy in accordance with this subparagraph or to update 
    a strategy previously prepared in accordance with this subsection. 
    The Chairman shall complete preparation of the National Military 
    Strategy or update in time for transmittal to Congress pursuant to 
    paragraph (3), including in time for inclusion of the report of the 
    Secretary of Defense, if any, under paragraph (4).
        ``(B) Each National Military Strategy (or update) under this 
    paragraph shall be based on a comprehensive review conducted by the 
    Chairman in conjunction with the other members of the Joint Chiefs 
    of Staff and the commanders of the unified and specified combatant 
    commands.
        ``(C) Each National Military Strategy (or update) submitted 
    under this paragraph shall describe how the military will achieve 
    the objectives of the United States as articulated in--
            ``(i) the most recent National Security Strategy prescribed 
        by the President pursuant to section 108 of the National 
        Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 404a);
            ``(ii) the most recent annual report of the Secretary of 
        Defense submitted to the President and Congress pursuant to 
        section 113 of this title;
            ``(iii) the most recent Quadrennial Defense Review 
        conducted by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to section 118 
        of this title; and
            ``(iv) any other national security or defense strategic 
        guidance issued by the President or the Secretary of Defense.
        ``(D) Each National Military Strategy (or update) submitted 
    under this paragraph shall identify--
            ``(i) the United States military objectives and the 
        relationship of those objectives to the strategic environment 
        and to the threats required to be described under subparagraph 
        (E);
            ``(ii) the operational concepts, missions, tasks, or 
        activities necessary to support the achievement of the 
        objectives identified under clause (i);
            ``(iii) the fiscal, budgetary, and resource environments 
        and conditions that, in the assessment of the Chairman, affect 
        the strategy; and
            ``(iv) the assumptions made with respect to each of clauses 
        (i) through (iii).
        ``(E) Each National Military Strategy (or update) submitted 
    under this paragraph shall also include a description of--
            ``(i) the strategic environment and the opportunities and 
        challenges that affect United States national interests and 
        United States national security;
            ``(ii) the threats, such as international, regional, 
        transnational, hybrid, terrorism, cyber attack, weapons of mass 
        destruction, asymmetric challenges, and any other categories of 
        threats identified by the Chairman, to the United States 
        national security;
            ``(iii) the implications of current force planning and 
        sizing constructs for the strategy;
            ``(iv) the capacity, capabilities, and availability of 
        United States forces (including both the active and reserve 
        components) to support the execution of missions required by 
        the strategy;
            ``(v) areas in which the armed forces intends to engage and 
        synchronize with other departments and agencies of the United 
        States Government contributing to the execution of missions 
        required by the strategy;
            ``(vi) areas in which the armed forces could be augmented 
        by contributions from alliances (such as the North Atlantic 
        Treaty Organization), international allies, or other friendly 
        nations in the execution of missions required by the strategy;
            ``(vii) the requirements for operational contractor support 
        to the armed forces for conducting security force assistance 
        training, peacekeeping, overseas contingency operations, and 
        other major combat operations under the strategy; and
            ``(viii) the assumptions made with respect to each of 
        clauses (i) through (vii).
        ``(F) Each update to a National Military Strategy under this 
    paragraph shall address only those parts of the most recent 
    National Military Strategy for which the Chairman determines, on 
    the basis of a comprehensive review conducted in conjunction with 
    the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the commanders 
    of the combatant commands, that a modification is needed.
        ``(2) Risk assessment.--(A) The Chairman shall prepare each 
    year an assessment of the risks associated with the most current 
    National Military Strategy (or update) under paragraph (1). The 
    risk assessment shall be known as the `Risk Assessment of the 
    Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff'. The Chairman shall complete 
    preparation of the Risk Assessment in time for transmittal to 
    Congress pursuant to paragraph (3), including in time for inclusion 
    of the report of the Secretary of Defense, if any, under paragraph 
    (4).
        ``(B) The Risk Assessment shall do the following:
            ``(i) As the Chairman considers appropriate, update any 
        changes to the strategic environment, threats, objectives, 
        force planning and sizing constructs, assessments, and 
        assumptions that informed the National Military Strategy 
        required by this section.
            ``(ii) Identify and define the strategic risks to United 
        States interests and the military risks in executing the 
        missions of the National Military Strategy.
            ``(iii) Identify and define levels of risk distinguishing 
        between the concepts of probability and consequences, including 
        an identification of what constitutes `significant' risk in the 
        judgment of the Chairman.
            ``(iv)(I) Identify and assess risk in the National Military 
        Strategy by category and level and the ways in which risk might 
        manifest itself, including how risk is projected to increase, 
        decrease, or remain stable over time; and
            ``(II) for each category of risk, assess the extent to 
        which current or future risk increases, decreases, or is stable 
        as a result of budgetary priorities, tradeoffs, or fiscal 
        constraints or limitations as currently estimated and applied 
        in the most current future-years defense program under section 
        221 of this title.
            ``(v) Identify and assess risk associated with the 
        assumptions or plans of the National Military Strategy about 
        the contributions or support of--
                ``(I) other departments and agencies of the United 
            States Government (including their capabilities and 
            availability);
                ``(II) alliances, allies, and other friendly nations 
            (including their capabilities, availability, and 
            interoperability); and
                ``(III) contractors.
            ``(vi) Identify and assess the critical deficiencies and 
        strengths in force capabilities (including manpower, logistics, 
        intelligence, and mobility support) identified during the 
        preparation and review of the contingency plans of each unified 
        combatant command, and identify and assess the effect of such 
        deficiencies and strengths for the National Military Strategy.
        ``(3) Submittal of national military strategy and risk 
    assessment to congress.--(A) Not later than February 15 of each 
    even-numbered year, the Chairman shall, through the Secretary of 
    Defense, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
    and the House of Representatives the National Military Strategy or 
    update, if any, prepared under paragraph (1) in such year.
        ``(B) Not later than February 15 each year, the Chairman shall, 
    through the Secretary of Defense, submit to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives the Risk 
    Assessment prepared under paragraph (2) in such year.
        ``(4) Secretary of defense reports to congress.--(A) In 
    transmitting a National Military Strategy (or update) or Risk 
    Assessment to Congress pursuant to paragraph (3), the Secretary of 
    Defense shall include in the transmittal such comments of the 
    Secretary thereon, if any, as the Secretary considers appropriate.
        ``(B) If the Risk Assessment transmitted under paragraph (3) in 
    a year includes an assessment that a risk or risks associated with 
    the National Military Strategy (or update) are significant, or that 
    critical deficiencies in force capabilities exist for a contingency 
    plan described in paragraph (2)(B)(vi), the Secretary shall include 
    in the transmittal of the Risk Assessment the plan of the Secretary 
    for mitigating such risk or deficiency. A plan for mitigating risk 
    of deficiency under this subparagraph shall--
            ``(i) address the risk assumed in the National Military 
        Strategy (or update) concerned, and the additional actions 
        taken or planned to be taken to address such risk using only 
        current technology and force structure capabilities; and
            ``(ii) specify, for each risk addressed, the extent of, and 
        a schedule for expected mitigation of, such risk, and an 
        assessment of the potential for residual risk, if any, after 
        mitigation.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Such section is further amended by 
striking subsection (d).
    SEC. 953. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE REIMBURSEMENT OF 
      COSTS OF ACTIVITIES FOR NONGOVERNMENTAL PERSONNEL AT DEPARTMENT 
      OF DEFENSE REGIONAL CENTERS FOR SECURITY STUDIES.
    Paragraph (1) of section 941(b) of the Duncan Hunter National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
U.S.C. 184 note) is amended by striking ``through 2012'' and inserting 
``through 2013''.
    SEC. 954. NATIONAL LANGUAGE SERVICE CORPS.
    (a) Charter for National Language Service Corps.--The David L. 
Boren National Security Education Act of 1991 (50 U.S.C. 1901 et seq.) 
is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
    ``SEC. 813. NATIONAL LANGUAGE SERVICE CORPS.
    ``(a) Establishment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may establish 
and maintain within the Department of Defense a National Language 
Service Corps (in this section referred to as the `Corps').
    ``(2) The purpose of the Corps is to provide a pool of 
nongovernmental personnel with foreign language skills who, as provided 
in regulations prescribed under this section, agree to provide foreign 
language services to the Department of Defense or another department or 
agency of the United States.
    ``(b) National Security Education Board.--If the Secretary 
establishes the Corps, the Secretary shall provide for the National 
Security Education Board to oversee and coordinate the activities of 
the Corps to such extent and in such manner as determined by the 
Secretary under paragraph (9) of section 803(d).
    ``(c) Membership.--To be eligible for membership in the Corps, a 
person must be a citizen of the United States authorized by law to be 
employed in the United States, have attained the age of 18 years, and 
possess such foreign language skills as the Secretary considers 
appropriate for membership in the Corps.
    ``(d) Training.--The Secretary may provide members of the Corps 
such training as the Secretary prescribes for purposes of this section.
    ``(e) Service.--Upon a determination that it is in the national 
interests of the United States, the Secretary shall call upon members 
of the Corps to provide foreign language services to the Department of 
Defense or another department or agency of the United States. If a 
member of the Corps is, as of the time of such determination, employed 
by or performing under a contract for an element of another Federal 
agency, the Secretary shall first obtain the concurrence of the head of 
that agency.
    ``(f) Funding.--The Secretary may impose fees, in amounts up to 
full-cost recovery, for language services and technical assistance 
rendered by members of the Corps. Amounts of fees received under this 
section shall be credited to the account of the Department providing 
funds for any costs incurred by the Department in connection with the 
Corps. Amounts so credited to such account shall be merged with amounts 
in such account, and shall be available to the same extent, and subject 
to the same conditions and limitations, as amounts in such account. Any 
amounts so credited shall remain available until expended.''.
    (b) National Security Education Board Matters.--
        (1) Composition.--Subsection (b) of section 803 of such Act (50 
    U.S.C. 1903) is amended--
            (A) by striking paragraph (5);
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as paragraphs 
        (8) and (9), respectively; and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraphs:
        ``(5) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
        ``(6) The Secretary of Energy.
        ``(7) The Director of National Intelligence.''.
        (2) Functions.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended by 
    adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(9) To the extent provided by the Secretary of Defense, 
    oversee and coordinate the activities of the National Language 
    Service Corps under section 813, including--
            ``(A) assessing on a periodic basis whether the Corps is 
        addressing the needs identified by the heads of departments and 
        agencies of the Federal Government for personnel with skills in 
        various foreign languages;
            ``(B) recommending plans for the Corps to address foreign 
        language shortfalls and requirements of the departments and 
        agencies of the Federal Government;
            ``(C) recommending effective ways to increase public 
        awareness of the need for foreign languages skills and career 
        paths in the Federal Government that use those skills; and
            ``(D) overseeing the Corps efforts to work with Executive 
        agencies and State and Local governments to respond to 
        interagency plans and agreements to address overall foreign 
        language shortfalls and to utilize personnel to address the 
        various types of crises that warrant foreign language 
        skills.''.
    SEC. 955. SAVINGS TO BE ACHIEVED IN CIVILIAN PERSONNEL WORKFORCE 
      AND SERVICE CONTRACTOR WORKFORCE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Required Plan.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
    civilian personnel workforce and service contractor workforce of 
    the Department of Defense are appropriately sized to support and 
    execute the National Military Strategy, taking into account 
    military personnel and force structure levels. Not later than 90 
    days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall develop and begin to execute an efficiencies plan for 
    the civilian personnel workforce and service contractor workforce 
    of the Department of Defense.
        (2) Consistency with other policies and procedures.--The 
    Secretary shall ensure the plan required under this subsection is 
    consistent with the policies and procedures required under section 
    129a of title 10, United States Code, as implemented under the 
    policies issued by the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
    Readiness for determining the most appropriate and cost-efficient 
    mix of military, civilian, and service contractor personnel to 
    perform the missions of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Savings.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall achieve 
savings in the total funding for each workforce covered by such plan 
over the period from fiscal year 2012 through fiscal year 2017 that are 
not less, as a percentage of such funding, than the savings in funding 
for basic military personnel pay achieved from reductions in military 
end strengths over the same period of time.
    (c) Exclusions.--In developing and implementing the plan required 
by subsection (a) and achieving the savings percentages required by 
subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense may exclude expenses related 
to the performance of functions identified as core or critical to the 
mission of the Department, consistent with the workload analysis and 
risk assessments required by sections 129 and 129a of title 10, United 
States Code. In making a determination of core or critical functions, 
the Secretary shall consider at least the following:
        (1) Civilian personnel expenses for personnel as follows:
            (A) Personnel in Mission Critical Occupations, as defined 
        by the Civilian Human Capital Strategic Plan of the Department 
        of Defense and the Acquisition Workforce Plan of the Department 
        of Defense.
            (B) Personnel employed at facilities providing core 
        logistics capabilities pursuant to section 2464 of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (C) Personnel in the Offices of the Inspectors General of 
        the Department of Defense.
        (2) Service contractor expenses for personnel as follows:
            (A) Personnel performing maintenance and repair of military 
        equipment.
            (B) Personnel providing medical services.
            (C) Personnel performing financial audit services.
        (3) Personnel expenses for personnel in the civilian personnel 
    workforce or service contractor workforce performing such other 
    critical functions as may be identified by the Secretary as 
    requiring exemption in the interest of the national defense.
    (d) Reports.--
        (1) Initial report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report including a 
    comprehensive description of the plan required by subsection (a).
        (2) Status reports.--As part of the budget submitted by the 
    President to Congress for each of fiscal years 2015 through 2018, 
    the Secretary shall include a report describing the implementation 
    of the plan during the prior fiscal year and any modifications to 
    the plan required due to changing circumstances. Each such report 
    shall include a summary of the savings achieved in such prior 
    fiscal year through reductions in the military, civilian, and 
    service contractor personnel workforces, and the number of 
    military, civilian, and service contractor personnel reduced. In 
    any case in which savings fall short of the annual target, the 
    report shall include an explanation of the reasons for such 
    shortfall.
        (3) Exclusions.--Each report under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall 
    specifically identify any exclusion granted by the Secretary under 
    subsection (c) in the period of time covered by the report.
    (e) Limitation on Transfers of Functions.--The Secretary shall 
ensure that the savings required by this section are not achieved 
through unjustified transfers of functions between or among the 
military, civilian, and service contractor personnel workforces of the 
Department of Defense. Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
preclude the Secretary from exercising authority available to the 
Department under sections 129a, 2330a, 2461, and 2463 of title 10, 
United States Code.
    (f) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that an amount 
equal to 30 percent of the amount of the reductions in appropriated 
funds attributable to reduced budgets for the civilian and service 
contractor workforces of the Department by reason of the plan required 
by subsection (a) should be made available for costs of assisting 
military personnel separated from the Armed Forces in the transition 
from military service.
    (g) Service Contractor Workforce Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``service contractor workforce'' means contractor employees 
performing contract services, as defined in section 2330(c)(2) of title 
10, United States Code, other than contract services that are funded 
out of amounts available for overseas contingency operations.
    (h) Comptroller General Review and Report.--For each fiscal year 
from fiscal year 2015 through fiscal year 2018, the Comptroller General 
of the United States shall review the status reports submitted by the 
Secretary as required by subsection (d)(2) to determine whether the 
savings required by subsection (b) are being achieved in the civilian 
personnel workforce and the service contractor workforce and whether 
the plan required under subsection (a) is being implemented consistent 
with sourcing and workforce management laws, including sections 129, 
129a, 2330a, 2461, and 2463 of title 10, United States Code. The 
Comptroller General shall submit a report on the findings of each 
review to the congressional defense committees not later than 120 days 
after the end of each fiscal year covered by this subsection.
    SEC. 956. EXPANSION OF PERSONS ELIGIBLE FOR EXPEDITED FEDERAL 
      HIRING FOLLOWING COMPLETION OF NATIONAL SECURITY EDUCATION 
      PROGRAM SCHOLARSHIP.
     Section 802(k) of the David L. Boren National Security Education 
Act of 1991 (50 U.S.C. 1902(k)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(k) Employment of Program Participants.--
        ``(1) Appointment authority.--The Secretary of Defense, the 
    Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of State, or the head 
    of a Federal agency or office identified by the Secretary of 
    Defense under subsection (g) as having national security 
    responsibilities--
            ``(A) may, without regard to any provision of title 5, 
        United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive 
        service, appoint an eligible program participant--
                ``(i) to a position in the excepted service that is 
            certified by the Secretary of Defense under clause (i) of 
            subsection (b)(2)(A) as contributing to the national 
            security of the United States; or
                ``(ii) subject to clause (ii) of such subsection, to a 
            position in the excepted service in such Federal agency or 
            office identified by the Secretary; and
            ``(B) may, upon satisfactory completion of two years of 
        substantially continuous service by an incumbent who was 
        appointed to an excepted service position under the authority 
        of subparagraph (A), convert the appointment of such 
        individual, without competition, to a career or career-
        conditional appointment.
        ``(2) Treatment of certain service.--In the case of an eligible 
    program participant described in clause (ii) or (iii) of paragraph 
    (3)(C) who receives an appointment under paragraph (1)(A), the head 
    of a Department or Federal agency or office referred to in 
    paragraph (1) may count any period that the individual served in a 
    position with the Federal Government toward satisfaction of the 
    service requirement under paragraph (1)(B) if that service--
            ``(A) in the case of an appointment under clause (i) of 
        paragraph (1)(A), was in a position that is identified under 
        clause (i) of subsection (b)(2)(A) as contributing to the 
        national security of the United States; or
            ``(B) in the case of an appointment under clause (ii) of 
        paragraph (1)(A), was in the Federal agency or office in which 
        the appointment under that clause is made.
        ``(3) Eligible program participant defined.--In this 
    subsection, the term `eligible program participant' means an 
    individual who--
            ``(A) has successfully completed an academic program for 
        which a scholarship or fellowship under this section was 
        awarded;
            ``(B) has not previously been appointed to the excepted 
        service position under paragraph (1)(A); and
            ``(C) at the time of the appointment of the individual to 
        an excepted service position under paragraph (1)(A)--
                ``(i) under the terms of the agreement for such 
            scholarship or fellowship, owes a service commitment to a 
            Department or Federal agency or office referred to in 
            paragraph (1);
                ``(ii) is employed by the Federal Government under a 
            non-permanent appointment to a position in the excepted 
            service that has national security responsibilities; or
                ``(iii) is a former civilian employee of the Federal 
            Government who has less than a one-year break in service 
            from the last period of Federal employment of such 
            individual in a non-permanent appointment in the excepted 
            service with national security responsibilities.''.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Budgetary effects of this Act.
Sec. 1003. Sense of Congress on notice to Congress on unfunded 
          priorities.
Sec. 1004. Authority to transfer funds to the National Nuclear Security 
          Administration to sustain nuclear weapons modernization.
Sec. 1005. Audit readiness of Department of Defense statements of 
          budgetary resources.
Sec. 1006. Report on balances carried forward by the Department of 
          Defense at the end of fiscal year 2012.
Sec. 1007. Report on elimination and streamlining of reporting 
          requirements, thresholds, and statutory and regulatory 
          requirements resulting from unqualified audit opinion of 
          Department of Defense financial statements.

                   Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1008. Extension of the authority to establish and operate National 
          Guard counterdrug schools.
Sec. 1009. Biannual reports on use of funds in the Drug Interdiction and 
          Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide account.
Sec. 1010. Extension of authority to support unified counter-drug and 
          counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1011. Extension of authority for joint task forces to provide 
          support to law enforcement agencies conducting counter-
          terrorism activities.
Sec. 1012. Requirement for biennial certification on provision of 
          support for counter-drug activities to certain foreign 
          governments.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1013. Policy relating to major combatant vessels of the strike 
          forces of the United States Navy.
Sec. 1014. Limitation on availability of funds for delayed annual naval 
          vessel construction plan.
Sec. 1015. Retirement of naval vessels.
Sec. 1016. Termination of a Maritime Prepositioning Ship squadron.
Sec. 1017.  Sense of Congress on recapitalization for the Navy and Coast 
          Guard.
Sec. 1018. Notice to Congress for the review of proposals to name naval 
          vessels.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1021. Extension of authority to make rewards for combating 
          terrorism.
Sec. 1022. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
          in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1023. Report on recidivism of individuals detained at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, who have been transferred 
          to foreign countries.
Sec. 1024. Notice and report on use of naval vessels for detention of 
          individuals captured outside Afghanistan pursuant to the 
          Authorization for Use of Military Force.
Sec. 1025. Notice required prior to transfer of certain individuals 
          detained at the Detention Facility at Parwan, Afghanistan.
Sec. 1026. Report on recidivism of individuals formerly detained at the 
          Detention Facility at Parwan, Afghanistan.
Sec. 1027. Prohibition on the use of funds for the transfer or release 
          of individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1028. Requirements for certifications relating to the transfer of 
          detainees at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
          Cuba, to foreign countries and other foreign entities.
Sec. 1029. Rights Unaffected.

                       Subtitle E--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1031. Nuclear weapons employment strategy of the United States.
Sec. 1032. Progress of modernization.
Sec. 1033. Report in the event of insufficient funding for modernization 
          of nuclear weapons stockpile.
Sec. 1034. Prevention of asymmetry of nuclear weapon stockpile 
          reductions.
Sec. 1035. Strategic delivery systems.
Sec. 1036. Consideration of expansion of nuclear forces of other 
          countries.
Sec. 1037. Nonstrategic nuclear weapon reductions and extended 
          deterrence policy.
Sec. 1038. Unilateral change in nuclear weapons stockpile of the United 
          States.
Sec. 1039. Expansion of duties and responsibilities of the Nuclear 
          Weapons Council.
Sec. 1040. Interagency Council on the Strategic Capability of the 
          National Laboratories.
Sec. 1041. Cost estimates for nuclear weapons.
Sec. 1042. Prior notification with regard to retirement of strategic 
          delivery systems.
Sec. 1043. Report on nuclear warheads on intercontinental ballistic 
          missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1044. Requirements for combined or interoperable warhead for 
          certain missile systems.
Sec. 1045. Reports on capability of conventional and nuclear forces 
          against certain tunnel sites and on nuclear weapons program of 
          the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1046. Report on conventional and nuclear forces in the Western 
          Pacific region.

          Subtitle F--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Expansion of authority of the Secretary of the Army to loan 
          or donate excess non-automatic service rifles for funeral and 
          other ceremonial purposes.
Sec. 1052. Interagency collaboration on unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 1053. Authority to transfer surplus Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected 
          vehicles and spare parts.
Sec. 1054. Notice to Congress of certain Department of Defense 
          nondisclosure agreements.
Sec. 1055. Extension of authority to provide assured business guarantees 
          to carriers participating in Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
Sec. 1056. Authority for short-term extension of lease for aircraft 
          supporting the Blue Devil intelligence, surveillance, and 
          reconnaissance program.
Sec. 1057. Rule of construction relating to prohibition on infringing on 
          the individual right to lawfully acquire, possess, own, carry, 
          and otherwise use privately owned firearms, ammunition, and 
          other weapons.
Sec. 1058. Sense of Congress on the Joint Warfighting Analysis Center.
Sec. 1059. Limitations on retirement of fixed-wing intra-theater airlift 
          aircraft for general support and time sensitive/mission 
          critical direct support airlift missions of the Department of 
          Defense.

                     Subtitle G--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Electronic warfare strategy of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1062. Report on counterproliferation capabilities and limitations.
Sec. 1063. Report on strategic airlift aircraft.
Sec. 1064. Repeal of biennial report on the Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1065. Improvements to reports required on acquisition of technology 
          relating to weapons of mass destruction and the threat posed 
          by weapons of mass destruction, ballistic missiles, and cruise 
          missiles.
Sec. 1066. Report on force structure of the United States Army.
Sec. 1067. Report on planned efficiency initiatives at Space and Naval 
          Warfare Systems Command.
Sec. 1068. Report on military resources necessary to execute United 
          States Force Posture Strategy in the Asia Pacific Region.
Sec. 1069. Rialto-Colton Basin, California, water resources study.
Sec. 1070. Reports on the potential security threat posed by Boko Haram.
Sec. 1071. Study on the ability of national test and evaluation 
          capabilities to support the maturation of hypersonic 
          technologies for future defense systems development.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1076. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1077. Sense of Congress on recognizing Air Mobility Command on its 
          20th anniversary.
Sec. 1078. Dissemination abroad of information about the United States.
Sec. 1079. Coordination for computer network operations.
Sec. 1080. Sense of Congress regarding unauthorized disclosures of 
          classified information.
Sec. 1081. Technical amendments to repeal statutory references to United 
          States Joint Forces Command.
Sec. 1082. Sense of Congress on non-United States citizens who are 
          graduates of United States educational institutions with 
          advanced degrees in science, technology, engineering, and 
          mathematics.
Sec. 1083. Scientific framework for recalcitrant cancers.
Sec. 1084. Protection of veterans' memorials.
Sec. 1085. Sense of Congress regarding spectrum.
Sec. 1086. Public Safety Officers' Benefits Program.
Sec. 1087. Removal of action.
Sec. 1088. Transport for female genital mutilation.
Sec. 1089. Amendments to law enforcement officer safety provisions of 
          title 18.
Sec. 1090. Reauthorization of sale of aircraft and parts for wildfire 
          suppression purposes.
Sec. 1091. Transfer of excess aircraft to other departments of the 
          Federal Government.

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.
    (a) Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--
        (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of Defense 
    that such action is necessary in the national interest, the 
    Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made available to 
    the Department of Defense in this division for fiscal year 2013 
    between any such authorizations for that fiscal year (or any 
    subdivisions thereof). Amounts of authorizations so transferred 
    shall be merged with and be available for the same purposes as the 
    authorization to which transferred.
        (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the total 
    amount of authorizations that the Secretary may transfer under the 
    authority of this section may not exceed $4,000,000,000.
        (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
    authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military personnel 
    authorizations under title IV shall not be counted toward the 
    dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) to 
transfer authorizations--
        (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that have a 
    higher priority than the items from which authority is transferred; 
    and
        (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that has 
    been denied authorization by Congress.
    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount 
is transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).
SEC. 1002. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.
    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to 
the vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report 
or amendment between the Houses.
SEC. 1003. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON NOTICE TO CONGRESS ON UNFUNDED 
PRIORITIES.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) not later than 45 days after the submittal to Congress of 
    the budget for a fiscal year under section 1105(a) of title 31, 
    United States Code, each officer specified in paragraph (2) should, 
    through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Secretary 
    of Defense, submit to the congressional defense committees a list 
    of any priority military programs or activities under the 
    jurisdiction of such officer for which, in the estimate of such 
    officer additional funds, if available, would substantially reduce 
    operational or programmatic risk or accelerate the creation or 
    fielding of a critical military capability;
        (2) the officers specified in this paragraph are--
            (A) the Chief of Staff of the Army;
            (B) the Chief of Naval Operations;
            (C) the Chief of Staff of the Air Force;
            (D) the Commandant of the Marine Corps; and
            (E) the Commander of the United States Special Operations 
        Command; and
        (3) each list, if any, under paragraph (1) should set forth for 
    each military program or activity on such list--
            (A) a description of such program or activity;
            (B) a summary description of the justification for or 
        objectives of additional funds, if available for such program 
        or activity; and
            (C) the additional amount of funds recommended in 
        connection with the justification or objectives described for 
        such program or activity under subparagraph (B).
SEC. 1004. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER FUNDS TO THE NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY 
ADMINISTRATION TO SUSTAIN NUCLEAR WEAPONS MODERNIZATION.
    (a) Transfer Authorized.--If the amount authorized to be 
appropriated for the weapons activities of the National Nuclear 
Security Administration for fiscal year 2013 in section 3101 is less 
than $7,900,000,000 (the amount projected to be required for such 
activities in fiscal year 2013 as specified in the report under section 
1251 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
(Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2549)), the Secretary of Defense may 
transfer, from amounts authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2013 pursuant to this Act, to the Secretary 
of Energy an amount, not to exceed $150,000,000, to be available only 
for weapons activities of the National Nuclear Security Administration.
    (b) Notice to Congress.--In the event of a transfer under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall promptly notify Congress 
of the transfer, and shall include in such notice the Department of 
Defense account or accounts from which funds are transferred.
    (c) Transfer Mechanism.--Any funds transferred under this section 
shall be transferred in accordance with established procedures for 
reprogramming under section 1001 or successor provisions of law.
    (d) Construction of Authority.--The transfer authority provided 
under subsection (a) is in addition to any other transfer authority 
provided under this Act.
SEC. 1005. AUDIT READINESS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STATEMENTS OF 
BUDGETARY RESOURCES.
    (a) Objective.--Section 1003(a)(2)(A)(ii) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 
2439; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is amended by inserting ``, and the 
statement of budgetary resources of the Department of Defense is 
validated as ready for audit by not later than September 30, 2014'' 
after ``September 30, 2017''.
    (b) Affordable and Sustainable Approach.--
        (1) In general.--The Chief Management Officer of the Department 
    of Defense and the Chief Management Officers of each of the 
    military departments shall ensure that plans to achieve an 
    auditable statement of budgetary resources of the Department of 
    Defense by September 30, 2014, include appropriate steps to 
    minimize one-time fixes and manual work-arounds, are sustainable 
    and affordable, and will not delay full auditability of financial 
    statements.
        (2) Additional elements in fiar plan report.--Each semi-annual 
    report on the Financial Improvement and Audit Readiness Plan of the 
    Department of Defense submitted by the Under Secretary of Defense 
    (Comptroller) under section 1003(b) of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 
    Stat. 2439; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) during the period beginning on the 
    date of the enactment of this Act and ending on September 30, 2014, 
    shall include the following:
            (A) A description of the actions taken by the military 
        departments pursuant to paragraph (1).
            (B) A determination by the Chief Management Officer of each 
        military department whether or not such military department is 
        able to achieve an auditable statement of budgetary resources 
        by September 30, 2014, without an unaffordable or unsustainable 
        level of one-time fixes and manual work-arounds and without 
        delaying the full auditability of the financial statements of 
        such military department.
            (C) If the Chief Management Officer of a military 
        department determines under subparagraph (B) that the military 
        department is not able to achieve an auditable statement of 
        budgetary resources by September 30, 2014, as described in that 
        subparagraph--
                (i) an explanation why the military department is 
            unable to meet the deadline;
                (ii) an alternative deadline by which the military 
            department will achieve an auditable statement of budgetary 
            resources; and
                (iii) a description of the plan of the military 
            department for meeting the alternative deadline.
SEC. 1006. REPORT ON BALANCES CARRIED FORWARD BY THE DEPARTMENT OF 
DEFENSE AT THE END OF FISCAL YEAR 2012.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress, and publish on 
the Internet website of the Department of Defense available to the 
public, the following:
        (1) The total dollar amount of all balances carried forward by 
    the Department of Defense at the end of fiscal year 2012 by 
    account.
        (2) The total dollar amount of all unobligated balances carried 
    forward by the Department of Defense at the end of fiscal year 2012 
    by account.
        (3) The total dollar amount of any balances (both obligated and 
    unobligated) that have been carried forward by the Department of 
    Defense for five years or more as of the end of fiscal year 2012 by 
    account.
SEC. 1007. REPORT ON ELIMINATION AND STREAMLINING OF REPORTING 
REQUIREMENTS, THRESHOLDS, AND STATUTORY AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS 
RESULTING FROM UNQUALIFIED AUDIT OPINION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report setting forth, in the opinion 
of the Under Secretary, the following:
        (1) A list of reports currently required by law to be submitted 
    by the Department of Defense to Congress that would be no longer 
    necessary if the financial statements of the Department of Defense 
    were audited with an unqualified opinion.
        (2) A list of each statutory and regulatory requirement that 
    would be no longer necessary if the financial statements of the 
    Department of defense were audited with an unqualified opinion.
        (3) A list of each statutory and regulatory requirement that 
    could be revised and streamlined if the financial statement of the 
    Department of Defense were audited with an unqualified opinion.

                  Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

SEC. 1008. EXTENSION OF THE AUTHORITY TO ESTABLISH AND OPERATE NATIONAL 
GUARD COUNTERDRUG SCHOOLS.
    Section 901 of the Office of National Drug Control Policy 
Reauthorization Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-469; 120 Stat. 3536; 32 
U.S.C. 112 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (1) and redesignating paragraphs 
        (2) through (5) as paragraphs (1) through (4), respectively; 
        and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(5) The Western Regional Counterdrug Training Center, Camp 
    Murray, Washington.'';
        (2) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following new 
    subsection (f):
    ``(f) Annual Report on Activities.--Not later than February 1 each 
year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the 
activities of the National Guard counterdrug schools during the 
preceding year. Each such report shall set forth a description of the 
activities of each National Guard counterdrug school for the fiscal 
year preceding the fiscal year during which the report is submitted, 
including--
        ``(1) the amount of funding made available and the 
    appropriation account for each National Guard counterdrug school 
    during such fiscal year;
        ``(2) the cumulative amount of funding made available for each 
    National Guard counterdrug school during five fiscal years 
    preceding such fiscal year;
        ``(3) a description of the curriculum and training used at each 
    National Guard counterdrug school;
        ``(4) a description of how the activities conducted at each 
    National Guard counterdrug school fulfilled Department of Defense 
    counterdrug mission;
        ``(5) a list of the entities described in subsection (b) whose 
    personnel received training at each National Guard counterdrug 
    school; and
        ``(6) updates, if any, to the Department of Defense regulations 
    prescribed under subsection (a).''; and
        (3) in subsection (g)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``There is hereby 
        authorized'' and all that follows through ``such fiscal year'' 
        and inserting the following: ``Not more than $30,000,000 may be 
        expended by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of the 
        National Guard counterdrug schools in any fiscal year''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``amount authorized to be 
        appropriated by paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``amount expended 
        pursuant to paragraph (1)''.
SEC. 1009. BIANNUAL REPORTS ON USE OF FUNDS IN THE DRUG INTERDICTION 
AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES, DEFENSE-WIDE ACCOUNT.
    (a) Biannual Reports on Expenditures of Funds.--Not later than 60 
days after the end of the first half of a fiscal year and after the end 
of the second half of a fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth a 
description of the expenditure of funds, by project code, from the Drug 
Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide account during 
such half of the fiscal year, including expenditures of funds in direct 
or indirect support of the counter-drug activities of foreign 
governments.
    (b) Information on Support of Counter-drug Activities of Foreign 
Governments.--The information in a report under subsection (a) on 
direct or indirect support of the counter-drug activities of foreign 
governments shall include, for each foreign government so supported, 
the following:
        (1) The total amount of assistance provided to, or expended on 
    behalf of, the foreign government.
        (2) A description of the types of counter-drug activities 
    conducted using the assistance.
        (3) An explanation of the legal authority under which the 
    assistance was provided.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``first half of a fiscal year'' means the period 
    beginning on October 1 of any year and ending on March 31 of the 
    following year.
        (2) The term ``second half of a fiscal year'' means the period 
    beginning on April 1 of any year and ending on September 30 of such 
    year.
    (d) Cessation of Requirement.--No report shall be required under 
subsection (a) for any half of a fiscal year beginning on or after 
October 1, 2017.
    (e) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 1022 of the Floyd D. 
Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as 
enacted into law by Public Law 106-398) is hereby repealed.
SEC. 1010. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT UNIFIED COUNTER-DRUG AND 
COUNTERTERRORISM CAMPAIGN IN COLOMBIA.
    Section 1021 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 2042), as most 
recently amended by section 1007 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1558), is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2013''; and
        (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2012'' and inserting 
    ``2013''.
SEC. 1011. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT TASK FORCES TO PROVIDE 
SUPPORT TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES CONDUCTING COUNTER-TERRORISM 
ACTIVITIES.
    Section 1022(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 117 Stat. 1594; 10 U.S.C. 371 
note) is amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2013''.
SEC. 1012. REQUIREMENT FOR BIENNIAL CERTIFICATION ON PROVISION OF 
SUPPORT FOR COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES TO CERTAIN FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS.
    Section 1033 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 111 Stat. 1881), as most recently amended 
by section 1006 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1557), is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``the written 
    certification described in subsection (g) for that fiscal year.'' 
    and inserting ``a written certification described in subsection (g) 
    applicable to that fiscal year. The first such certification with 
    respect to any such government may apply only to a period of one 
    fiscal year. Subsequent certifications with respect to any such 
    government may apply to a period of not to exceed two fiscal 
    years.''; and
        (2) in subsection (g), in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``The written'' and inserting ``A 
        written''; and
            (B) by striking ``for a fiscal year'' and all that follows 
        through the colon and inserting ``for a government to receive 
        support under this section for any period of time is a 
        certification of each of the following with respect to that 
        government:''.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

SEC. 1013. POLICY RELATING TO MAJOR COMBATANT VESSELS OF THE STRIKE 
FORCES OF THE UNITED STATES NAVY.
    Section 1012(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 303), as most recently 
amended by section 1015 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4586), is amended by striking ``Secretary of Defense'' and all that 
follows through the period and inserting the following: ``Secretary of 
the Navy notifies the congressional defense committees that, as a 
result of a cost-benefit analysis, it would not be practical for the 
Navy to design the class of ships with an integrated nuclear power 
system.''.
SEC. 1014. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DELAYED ANNUAL NAVAL 
VESSEL CONSTRUCTION PLAN.
    (a) In General.--Section 231 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
    subsection (e):
    ``(e) Limitation on Availability of Funds for Fiscal Years Without 
Plan and Certification.--(1) If the Secretary of Defense does not 
include with the defense budget materials for a fiscal year the plan 
and certification under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy may 
not use more than 50 percent of the funds described in paragraph (2) 
during the fiscal year in which such materials are submitted until the 
date on which such plan and certification are submitted to the 
congressional defense committees.
    ``(2) The funds described in this paragraph are funds made 
available to the Secretary of the Navy for operation and maintenance, 
Navy, for emergencies and extraordinary expenses.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 12304b(i) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``section 231(g)(2)'' and inserting 
``section 231(f)(2)''.
SEC. 1015. RETIREMENT OF NAVAL VESSELS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Chief of Naval Operations shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that sets forth a 
comprehensive description of the current requirements of the Navy for 
combatant vessels of the Navy, including submarines.
    (b) Additional Report Element if Less Than 313 Vessels Required.--
If the number of combatant vessels for the Navy (including submarines) 
specified as being required in the report under subsection (a) is less 
than 313 combatant vessels, the report shall include a justification 
for the number of vessels specified as being so required and the 
rationale by which the number of vessels is considered consistent with 
applicable strategic guidance issued by the President and the Secretary 
of Defense in 2012.
SEC. 1016. TERMINATION OF A MARITIME PREPOSITIONING SHIP SQUADRON.
    (a) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Chief of Naval Operations and the 
    Commandant of the Marine Corps shall jointly submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report setting forth an 
    assessment of the Marine Corps Prepositioning Program-Norway and 
    the capability of that program to address any readiness gaps that 
    will be created by the termination of Maritime Prepositioning Ship 
    Squadron One in the Mediterranean.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A detailed description of the time required to transfer 
        stockpiles onto naval vessels for use in contingency 
        operations.
            (B) A comparison of the response time of the Marine Corps 
        Prepositioning Program-Norway with the response time of 
        Maritime Prepositioning Ship Squadron One.
            (C) A description of the equipment stored in the stockpiles 
        of the Marine Corps Prepositioning Program-Norway, the 
        differences (if any) between that equipment and the equipment 
        of a Maritime Prepositioning Ship squadron, and any increased 
        risk or operational plan impacts associated with using 
        Prepositioning Program-Norway to fulfill the Maritime 
        Prepositioning Ship squadron requirements.
            (D) A description and assessment of the current age and 
        state of maintenance of the equipment of the Marine Corps 
        Maritime Prepositioning Program-Norway.
            (E) A plan to address future requirements, equipment 
        shortages, and modernization needs of the Marine Corps Maritime 
        Prepositioning Program-Norway.
    (b) Limitation on Availability of Funds.--Amounts authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act may not be obligated or expended to terminate 
a Maritime Prepositioning Ship squadron until the date of the submittal 
to the congressional defense committees of the report required by 
subsection (a).
SEC. 1017. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON RECAPITALIZATION FOR THE NAVY AND COAST 
GUARD.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) More than 70 percent of the world's surface is comprised of 
    navigable oceans.
        (2) More than 80 percent of the population of the world lives 
    within 100 miles of an ocean.
        (3) More than 90 percent of the world's commerce traverses an 
    ocean.
        (4) The national security of the United States is inextricably 
    linked to the maintenance of global freedom of access for both the 
    strategic and commercial interests of the United States.
        (5) To maintain that freedom of access the sea services of the 
    United States, composed of the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the 
    Coast Guard, must be sufficiently positioned as rotationally 
    globally deployable forces with the capability to decisively defend 
    United States citizens, homeland, and interests abroad from direct 
    or asymmetric attack and must be comprised of sufficient vessels to 
    maintain global freedom of action.
        (6) To achieve appropriate capabilities to ensure national 
    security, the Government of the United States must continue to 
    recapitalize the fleets of the Navy and Coast Guard and must 
    continue to conduct vital maintenance and repair of existing 
    vessels to ensure such vessels meet service life goals.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the sea services of the United States should be funded and 
    maintained to provide the broad spectrum of capabilities required 
    to protect the national security of the United States;
        (2) such capabilities should include--
            (A) the ability to project United States power rapidly 
        anywhere on the globe without the need for host nation basing 
        permission or long and potentially vulnerable logistics supply 
        lines;
            (B) the ability to land and recover maritime forces from 
        the sea for direct combat action, to evacuate United States 
        citizens from hostile situations, and to provide humanitarian 
        assistance where needed;
            (C) the ability to operate from the subsurface with 
        overpowering conventional combat power, as well as strategic 
        deterrence; and
            (D) the ability to operate in collaboration with United 
        States maritime partners in the common interest of preventing 
        piracy at sea and maintaining the commercial sea lanes 
        available for global commerce;
        (3) the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
    Secretary of the Navy, should maintain the recapitalization plans 
    for the Navy as a priority in all future force structure decisions; 
    and
        (4) the Secretary of Homeland Security should maintain the 
    recapitalization plans for the Coast Guard as a priority in all 
    future force structure decisions.
SEC. 1018. NOTICE TO CONGRESS FOR THE REVIEW OF PROPOSALS TO NAME NAVAL 
VESSELS.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The Navy traces its ancestry to October 13, 1775, when an 
    Act of the Continental Congress authorized the first vessel of a 
    navy for the United Colonies. Vessels of the Continental Navy were 
    named for early patriots and military heroes, Federal institutions, 
    colonial cities, and positive character traits representative of 
    naval and military virtues.
        (2) An Act of Congress on March 3, 1819, made the Secretary of 
    the Navy responsible for assigning names to vessels of the Navy. 
    Traditional sources for vessel names customarily encompassed such 
    categories as geographic locations in the United States; historic 
    sites, battles, and ships; naval and military heroes and leaders; 
    and noted individuals who made distinguished contributions to 
    United States national security.
        (3) These customs and traditions provide appropriate and 
    necessary standards for the naming of vessels of the Navy.
    (b) Notice to Congress.--Section 7292 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d)(1) The Secretary of the Navy may not announce or implement 
any proposal to name a vessel of the Navy until 30 days after the date 
on which the Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth such 
proposal.
    ``(2) Each report under this subsection shall describe the 
justification for the proposal covered by such report in accordance 
with the standards referred to in section 1024(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--This section and the amendment made by this 
section shall go into effect on the date that is 30 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

SEC. 1021. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO MAKE REWARDS FOR COMBATING 
TERRORISM.
    (a) Extension.--Section 127b(c)(3)(C) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``September 30, 2013'' and inserting 
``September 30, 2014''.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that outlines the future 
requirements and authorities to make rewards for combating terrorism. 
The report shall include--
        (1) an analysis of future requirements under section 127b of 
    title 10, United States Code;
        (2) a detailed description of requirements for rewards in 
    support of operations with allied forces; and
        (3) an overview of geographic combatant commander requirements 
    through September 30, 2014.
SEC. 1022. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY 
FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE DETAINEES TRANSFERRED FROM 
UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.
    (a) In General.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
2013 may be used to construct or modify any facility in the United 
States, its territories, or possessions to house any individual 
detained at Guantanamo for the purposes of detention or imprisonment in 
the custody or under the control of the Department of Defense unless 
authorized by Congress.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to any modification of facilities at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (c) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 1028(f)(2).
SEC. 1023. REPORT ON RECIDIVISM OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED 
STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, WHO HAVE BEEN TRANSFERRED 
TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for five years, the 
Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, in consultation with the 
head of each element of the intelligence community that the Director 
considers appropriate, shall submit to the covered congressional 
committees a report assessing the factors that cause or contribute to 
the recidivism of individuals detained at Guantanamo who are 
transferred or released to a foreign country. Such report shall 
include--
        (1) a discussion of trends, by country and region, where 
    recidivism has occurred; and
        (2) an assessment of the implementation by foreign countries of 
    the international arrangements relating to the transfer or release 
    of individuals detained at Guantanamo reached between the United 
    States and each foreign country to which an individual detained at 
    Guantanamo has been transferred or released.
    (b) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) may be 
submitted in classified form.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the House of Representatives; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of 
        the Senate.
        (2) The term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means any 
    individual who is or was located at United States Naval Station, 
    Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, who--
            (A) is not a citizen of the United States or a member of 
        the Armed Forces of the United States; and
            (B) on or after January 1, 2002, was--
                (i) in the custody or under the control of the 
            Department of Defense; or
                (ii) otherwise under detention at United States Naval 
            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
SEC. 1024. NOTICE AND REPORT ON USE OF NAVAL VESSELS FOR DETENTION OF 
INDIVIDUALS CAPTURED OUTSIDE AFGHANISTAN PURSUANT TO THE AUTHORIZATION 
FOR USE OF MILITARY FORCE.
    (a) Notice to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after first 
detaining an individual pursuant to the Authorization for Use of 
Military Force (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note) on a naval 
vessel outside the United States, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives notice of the detention. In the case of such an 
individual who is transferred or released before the submittal of the 
notice of the individual's detention, the Secretary shall also submit 
to such Committees notice of the transfer or release.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
    Representatives a report on the use of naval vessels for the 
    detention outside the United States of any individual who is 
    detained pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military Force 
    (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note). Such report shall 
    include--
            (A) procedures and any limitations on detaining such 
        individuals at sea on board United States naval vessels;
            (B) an assessment of any force protection issues associated 
        with detaining such individuals on such vessels;
            (C) an assessment of the likely effect of such detentions 
        on the original mission of such naval vessels; and
            (D) any restrictions on long-term detention of individuals 
        on United States naval vessels.
        (2) Form of report.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
    may be submitted in classified form.
SEC. 1025. NOTICE REQUIRED PRIOR TO TRANSFER OF CERTAIN INDIVIDUALS 
DETAINED AT THE DETENTION FACILITY AT PARWAN, AFGHANISTAN.
    (a) Notice Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees notice in writing of the proposed 
transfer of any individual detained pursuant to the Authorization for 
Use of Military Force (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note) who is a 
national of a country other than the United States or Afghanistan from 
detention at the Detention Facility at Parwan, Afghanistan, to the 
custody of the Government of Afghanistan or of any other country. Such 
notice shall be provided not later than 10 days before such a transfer 
may take place.
    (b) Assessments Required.--Prior to any transfer referred to under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall ensure that an assessment is 
conducted as follows:
        (1) In the case of the proposed transfer of such an individual 
    by reason of the individual being released, an assessment of the 
    threat posed by the individual and the security environment of the 
    country to which the individual is to be transferred.
        (2) In the case of the proposed transfer of such an individual 
    to a country other than Afghanistan for the purpose of the 
    prosecution of the individual, an assessment regarding the 
    capacity, willingness, and historical track record of the country 
    with respect to prosecuting similar cases, including a review of 
    the primary evidence against the individual to be transferred and 
    any significant admissibility issues regarding such evidence that 
    are expected to arise in connection with the prosecution of the 
    individual.
        (3) In the case of the proposed transfer of such an individual 
    for reintegration or rehabilitation in a country other than 
    Afghanistan, an assessment regarding the capacity, willingness, and 
    historical track records of the country for reintegrating or 
    rehabilitating similar individuals.
        (4) In the case of the proposed transfer of such an individual 
    to the custody of the Government of Afghanistan for prosecution or 
    detention, an assessment regarding the capacity, willingness, and 
    historical track record of Afghanistan to prosecute or detain long-
    term such individuals.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the Committee 
on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee 
on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
SEC. 1026. REPORT ON RECIDIVISM OF INDIVIDUALS FORMERLY DETAINED AT THE 
DETENTION FACILITY AT PARWAN, AFGHANISTAN.
    (a) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
relevant congressional committees a report on the estimated recidivism 
rates and the factors that appear to contribute to the recidivism of 
individuals formerly detained at the Detention Facility at Parwan, 
Afghanistan, who were transferred or released, including the estimated 
total number of individuals who have been recaptured on one or more 
occasion.
    (b) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) may be 
submitted in classified form.
    (c) Relevant Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``relevant congressional committees'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
SEC. 1027. PROHIBITION ON THE USE OF FUNDS FOR THE TRANSFER OR RELEASE 
OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
CUBA.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act for 
fiscal year 2013 may be used to transfer, release, or assist in the 
transfer or release to or within the United States, its territories, or 
possessions of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed or any other detainee who--
        (1) is not a United States citizen or a member of the Armed 
    Forces of the United States; and
        (2) is or was held on or after January 20, 2009, at United 
    States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by the Department of 
    Defense.
SEC. 1028. REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATIONS RELATING TO THE TRANSFER OF 
DETAINEES AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO 
FOREIGN COUNTRIES AND OTHER FOREIGN ENTITIES.
    (a) Certification Required Prior to Transfer.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2) and 
    subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense may not use any amounts 
    authorized to be appropriated or otherwise available to the 
    Department of Defense for fiscal year 2013 to transfer any 
    individual detained at Guantanamo to the custody or control of the 
    individual's country of origin, any other foreign country, or any 
    other foreign entity unless the Secretary submits to Congress the 
    certification described in subsection (b) not later than 30 days 
    before the transfer of the individual.
        (2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any action 
    taken by the Secretary to transfer any individual detained at 
    Guantanamo to effectuate an order affecting the disposition of the 
    individual that is issued by a court or competent tribunal of the 
    United States having lawful jurisdiction (which the Secretary shall 
    notify Congress of promptly after issuance).
    (b) Certification.--A certification described in this subsection is 
a written certification made by the Secretary of Defense, with the 
concurrence of the Secretary of State and in consultation with the 
Director of National Intelligence, that--
        (1) the government of the foreign country or the recognized 
    leadership of the foreign entity to which the individual detained 
    at Guantanamo is to be transferred--
            (A) is not a designated state sponsor of terrorism or a 
        designated foreign terrorist organization;
            (B) maintains control over each detention facility in which 
        the individual is to be detained if the individual is to be 
        housed in a detention facility;
            (C) is not, as of the date of the certification, facing a 
        threat that is likely to substantially affect its ability to 
        exercise control over the individual;
            (D) has taken or agreed to take effective actions to ensure 
        that the individual cannot take action to threaten the United 
        States, its citizens, or its allies in the future;
            (E) has taken or agreed to take such actions as the 
        Secretary of Defense determines are necessary to ensure that 
        the individual cannot engage or reengage in any terrorist 
        activity; and
            (F) has agreed to share with the United States any 
        information that--
                (i) is related to the individual or any associates of 
            the individual; and
                (ii) could affect the security of the United States, 
            its citizens, or its allies; and
        (2) includes an assessment, in classified or unclassified form, 
    of the capacity, willingness, and past practices (if applicable) of 
    the foreign country or entity in relation to the Secretary's 
    certifications.
    (c) Prohibition in Cases of Prior Confirmed Recidivism.--
        (1) Prohibition.--Except as provided in paragraph (2) and 
    subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense may not use any amounts 
    authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available to the 
    Department of Defense to transfer any individual detained at 
    Guantanamo to the custody or control of the individual's country of 
    origin, any other foreign country, or any other foreign entity if 
    there is a confirmed case of any individual who was detained at 
    United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, at any time 
    after September 11, 2001, who was transferred to such foreign 
    country or entity and subsequently engaged in any terrorist 
    activity.
        (2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any action 
    taken by the Secretary to transfer any individual detained at 
    Guantanamo to effectuate an order affecting the disposition of the 
    individual that is issued by a court or competent tribunal of the 
    United States having lawful jurisdiction (which the Secretary shall 
    notify Congress of promptly after issuance).
    (d) National Security Waiver.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
    applicability to a detainee transfer of a certification requirement 
    specified in subparagraph (D) or (E) of subsection (b)(1) or the 
    prohibition in subsection (c), if the Secretary certifies the rest 
    of the criteria required by subsection (b) for transfers prohibited 
    by (c) and, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State and in 
    consultation with the Director of National Intelligence, determines 
    that--
            (A) alternative actions will be taken to address the 
        underlying purpose of the requirement or requirements to be 
        waived;
            (B) in the case of a waiver of subparagraph (D) or (E) of 
        subsection (b)(1), it is not possible to certify that the risks 
        addressed in the paragraph to be waived have been completely 
        eliminated, but the actions to be taken under subparagraph (A) 
        will substantially mitigate such risks with regard to the 
        individual to be transferred;
            (C) in the case of a waiver of subsection (c), the 
        Secretary has considered any confirmed case in which an 
        individual who was transferred to the country subsequently 
        engaged in terrorist activity, and the actions to be taken 
        under subparagraph (A) will substantially mitigate the risk of 
        recidivism with regard to the individual to be transferred; and
            (D) the transfer is in the national security interests of 
        the United States.
        (2) Reports.--Whenever the Secretary makes a determination 
    under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
    committees of Congress, not later than 30 days before the transfer 
    of the individual concerned, the following:
            (A) A copy of the determination and the waiver concerned.
            (B) A statement of the basis for the determination, 
        including--
                (i) an explanation why the transfer is in the national 
            security interests of the United States;
                (ii) in the case of a waiver of paragraph (D) or (E) of 
            subsection (b)(1), an explanation why it is not possible to 
            certify that the risks addressed in the paragraph to be 
            waived have been completely eliminated; and
                (iii) a classified summary of--

                    (I) the individual's record of cooperation while in 
                the custody of or under the effective control of the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (II) the agreements and mechanisms in place to 
                provide for continuing cooperation.

            (C) A summary of the alternative actions to be taken to 
        address the underlying purpose of, and to mitigate the risks 
        addressed in, the paragraph or subsection to be waived.
            (D) The assessment required by subsection (b)(2).
    (e) Record of Cooperation.--In assessing the risk that an 
individual detained at Guantanamo will engage in terrorist activity or 
other actions that could affect the security of the United States if 
released for the purpose of making a certification under subsection (b) 
or a waiver under subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense may give 
favorable consideration to any such individual--
        (1) who has substantially cooperated with United States 
    intelligence and law enforcement authorities, pursuant to a pre-
    trial agreement, while in the custody of or under the effective 
    control of the Department of Defense; and
        (2) for whom agreements and effective mechanisms are in place, 
    to the extent relevant and necessary, to provide for continued 
    cooperation with United States intelligence and law enforcement 
    authorities.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
        (2) The term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means any 
    individual located at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
    Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, who--
            (A) is not a citizen of the United States or a member of 
        the Armed Forces of the United States; and
            (B) is--
                (i) in the custody or under the control of the 
            Department of Defense; or
                (ii) otherwise under detention at United States Naval 
            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
        (3) The term ``foreign terrorist organization'' means any 
    organization so designated by the Secretary of State under section 
    219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189).
SEC. 1029. RIGHTS UNAFFECTED.
    Nothing in the Authorization for Use of Military Force (Public Law 
107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note) or the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81) shall be construed to deny the 
availability of the writ of habeas corpus or to deny any Constitutional 
rights in a court ordained or established by or under Article III of 
the Constitution to any person inside the United States who would be 
entitled to the availability of such writ or to such rights in the 
absence of such laws.

                       Subtitle E--Nuclear Forces

SEC. 1031. NUCLEAR WEAPONS EMPLOYMENT STRATEGY OF THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Reports on Strategy.--Section 491 of title 10, United States 
Code, is--
        (1) transferred to chapter 24 of such title, as added by 
    subsection (b)(1); and
        (2) amended--
            (A) in the heading, by inserting ``weapons'' after 
        ``Nuclear'';
            (B) by striking ``nuclear employment strategy'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``nuclear weapons employment 
        strategy'';
            (C) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by inserting ``the'' after ``modifications to''; 
            and
                (ii) by inserting ``, plans, and options'' after 
            ``employment strategy'';
            (D) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
        ``(4) The extent to which such modifications include an 
    increased reliance on conventional or non-nuclear global strike 
    capabilities or missile defenses of the United States.'';
            (E) by striking ``On the date'' and inserting ``(a) 
        Reports.--On the date''; and
            (F) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(b) Annual Briefings.--Not later than March 15 of each year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional defense 
committees a briefing regarding the nuclear weapons employment 
strategy, plans, and options of the United States.
    ``(c) Notification of Anomalies.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees written 
notification of an anomaly in the nuclear command, control, and 
communications system of the United States that is reported to the 
Secretary of Defense or the Nuclear Weapons Council by not later than 
14 days after the date on which the Secretary or the Council learns of 
such anomaly, as the case may be.
    ``(2) In this subsection, the term `anomaly' means any unplanned, 
irregular, or abnormal event, whether unexplained or caused 
intentionally or unintentionally by a person or a system.''.
    (b) Clerical and Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Chapter 24.--Part I of subtitle A of title 10, United 
    States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    chapter:

                     ``CHAPTER 24--NUCLEAR POSTURE

``Sec.
``491. Nuclear weapons employment strategy of the United States: reports 
          on modification of strategy.''.

        (2) Table of chapters.--The table of chapters at the beginning 
    of subtitle A of title 10, United States Code, and at the beginning 
    of part I of such subtitle, are each amended by inserting after the 
    item relating to chapter 23 the following new item:

``24. Nuclear posture.............................................491''.

        (3) Transfer of provisions.--
            (A) Chapter 23.--Chapter 23 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended as follows:
                (i) Section 490a is--

                    (I) transferred to chapter 24 of such title, as 
                added by paragraph (1);
                    (II) inserted after section 491 of such title, as 
                added to such chapter 24 by subsection (a)(1); and
                    (III) redesignated as section 492.

                (ii) The table of sections at the beginning of such 
            chapter 23 is amended by striking the items relating to 
            sections 490a and 491.
            (B) FY12 ndaa.--Section 1077 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 50 
        U.S.C. 2514) is--
                (i) transferred to chapter 24 of title 10, United 
            States Code, as added by paragraph (1);
                (ii) inserted after section 492 of such title, as added 
            by subparagraph (A)(i);
                (iii) redesignated as section 493; and
                (iv) amended by striking ``the date of the enactment of 
            this Act'' and inserting ``December 31, 2011,''.

                    (III) by striking ``the date of the enactment of 
                this Act'' and inserting ``December 31, 2011,''.

            (C) Clerical amendments.--
                (i) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
            beginning of chapter 24 of title 10, United States Code, as 
            added by paragraph (1), is amended by inserting after the 
            item relating to section 491 the following new items:

``492. Biennial assessment and report on the delivery platforms for 
          nuclear weapons and the nuclear command and control system.
``493. Reports to Congress on the modification of the force structure 
          for the strategic nuclear weapons delivery systems of the 
          United States.''.

                (ii) Section heading typeface and typestyle.--Section 
            493 of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
            subparagraph (B), is amended--

                    (I) in the enumerator, by striking ``SEC.'' and 
                inserting ``Sec. ''; and
                    (II) in the section heading--

                        (aa) by striking the period at the end; and
                        (bb) by conforming the typeface and typestyle, 
                    including capitalization, to the typeface and 
                    typestyle as used in the section heading of section 
                    491 of such title.
        (4) Conforming amendment.--Section 1031(b) of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 
    125 Stat. 1574) is amended by striking ``section 490a of title 10, 
    United States Code, as added by subsection (a),'' and inserting 
    ``section 492 of title 10, United States Code,''.
SEC. 1032. PROGRESS OF MODERNIZATION.
    (a) Nuclear Employment Strategy.--Subsection (a) of section 491 of 
title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 1031, is amended by 
striking ``On the date on which the President issues'' and inserting 
``By not later than 60 days before the date on which the President 
implements''.
    (b) Reports Required.--Such section 491 is further amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Reports on 2010 Nuclear Posture Review Implementation Study 
Decisions.--During each of fiscal years 2012 through 2021, not later 
than 60 days before the date on which the President carries out the 
results of the decisions made pursuant to the 2010 Nuclear Posture 
Review Implementation Study that would alter the nuclear weapons 
employment strategy, guidance, plans, or options of the United States, 
the President shall--
        ``(1) ensure that the annual report required under section 
    1043(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1576) is transmitted to 
    Congress, if so required;
        ``(2) ensure that the report required under section 
    494(a)(2)(A) of this title is transmitted to Congress, if so 
    required under such section; and
        ``(3) transmit to the congressional defense committees a report 
    providing the high-, medium-, and low- confidence assessments of 
    the intelligence community (as defined in section 3(4) of the 
    National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4))) as to whether 
    the United States will have significant warning of a strategic 
    surprise or breakout caused by foreign nuclear weapons 
    developments.''.
SEC. 1033. REPORT IN THE EVENT OF INSUFFICIENT FUNDING FOR 
MODERNIZATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS STOCKPILE.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) consistent with Condition 9 of the Resolution of Advice and 
    Consent to Ratification of the New START Treaty of the Senate, 
    agreed to on December 22, 2010, the United States is committed to 
    ensuring the safety, security, reliability, and credibility of its 
    nuclear forces; and
        (2) the United States is committed to--
            (A) proceeding with a robust stockpile stewardship program 
        and maintaining and modernizing nuclear weapons production 
        capabilities and capacities of the United States to ensure the 
        safety, security, reliability, and credibility of the nuclear 
        arsenal of the United States at the New START Treaty levels and 
        meeting requirements for hedging against possible international 
        developments or technical problems;
            (B) reinvigorating and sustaining the nuclear security 
        laboratories of the United States and preserving the core 
        nuclear weapons competencies therein; and
            (C) providing the resources needed to achieve these 
        objectives, using as a starting point the levels set forth in 
        the President's 10-year plan provided to Congress in November 
        2010 pursuant to section 1251 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 
        Stat. 2549).
    (b) Insufficient Funding Report.--
        (1) In general.--Section 1045 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 50 
    U.S.C. 2523b) is--
            (A) transferred to chapter 24 of title 10, United States 
        Code, as added by section 1031(b);
            (B) inserted after section 493 of such title, as added to 
        such chapter 24 by such section 1031(b);
            (C) redesignated as section 494; and
            (D) amended by amending paragraph (2) of subsection (a) to 
        read as follows:
        ``(2) Insufficient funding.--
            ``(A) Report.--During each year in which the New START 
        Treaty is in force, if the President determines that an 
        appropriations Act is enacted that fails to meet the resource 
        levels set forth in the November 2010 update to the plan 
        referred to in section 1251 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 
        Stat. 2549) or if at any time determines that more resources 
        are required to carry out such plan than were estimated, the 
        President shall transmit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees, within 60 days of making such a determination, a 
        report detailing--
                ``(i) a plan to address the resource shortfall;
                ``(ii) if more resources are required to carry out the 
            plan than were estimated--

                    ``(I) the proposed level of funding required; and
                    ``(II) an identification of the stockpile work, 
                campaign, facility, site, asset, program, operation, 
                activity, construction, or project for which additional 
                funds are required;

                ``(iii) any effects caused by the shortfall on the 
            safety, security, reliability, or credibility of the 
            nuclear forces of the United States;
                ``(iv) whether and why, in light of the shortfall, 
            remaining a party to the New START Treaty is still in the 
            national interest of the United States; and
                ``(v) a detailed explanation of why the modernization 
            timelines established in the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review 
            are no longer applicable.
            ``(B) Prior notification.--If the President transmits a 
        report under subparagraph (A), the President shall notify the 
        appropriate congressional committees of any determination by 
        the President to reduce the number of deployed nuclear warheads 
        of the United States by not later than 60 days before taking 
        any action to carry out such reduction.
            ``(C) Exception.--The limitation in subparagraph (B) shall 
        not apply to--
                ``(i) reductions made to ensure the safety, security, 
            reliability, and credibility of the nuclear weapons 
            stockpile and strategic delivery systems, including 
            activities related to surveillance, assessment, 
            certification, testing, and maintenance of nuclear warheads 
            and strategic delivery systems; or
                ``(ii) nuclear warheads that are retired or awaiting 
            dismantlement on the date of the report under subparagraph 
            (A).
            ``(D) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                ``(i) The term `appropriate congressional committees' 
            means--

                    ``(I) the congressional defense committees; and
                    ``(II) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
                House of Representatives.

                ``(ii) The term `New START Treaty' means the Treaty 
            between the United States of America and the Russian 
            Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and 
            Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, signed on April 8, 
            2010, and entered into force on February 5, 2011.''.
        (2) Clerical amendments.--
            (A) Table of contents.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 24 of title 10, United States Code, as 
        added by section 1031(b), is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 493 the following new item:

``494. Nuclear force reductions.''.

            (B) Section heading typeface and typestyle.--Section 494 of 
        title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is 
        amended--
                (i) in the enumerator, by striking ``SEC.'' and 
            inserting ``Sec. ''; and
                (ii) in the section heading--

                    (I) by striking the period at the end; and
                    (II) by conforming the typeface and typestyle, 
                including capitalization, to the typeface and typestyle 
                as used in the section heading of section 491 of such 
                title.

        (4) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1)(D) 
    shall take effect on October 1, 2012.
SEC. 1034. PREVENTION OF ASYMMETRY OF NUCLEAR WEAPON STOCKPILE 
REDUCTIONS.
    Section 494 of title 10, United States Code, as added by section 
1033(b)(1), is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d) Prevention of Asymmetry in Reductions.--
        ``(1) Certification.--During any year in which the President 
    recommends to reduce the number of nuclear weapons in the active 
    and inactive stockpiles of the United States by a number that is 
    greater than a de minimis reduction, the President shall certify in 
    writing to the congressional defense committees whether such 
    reductions will cause the number of nuclear weapons in such 
    stockpiles to be fewer than the high-confidence assessment of the 
    intelligence community (as defined in section 3(4) of the National 
    Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4))) with respect to the 
    number of nuclear weapons in the active and inactive stockpiles of 
    the Russian Federation.
        ``(2) Notification.--If the President certifies under paragraph 
    (1) that the recommended number of nuclear weapons in the active 
    and inactive stockpiles of the United States is fewer than the 
    high-confidence assessment of the intelligence community with 
    respect to the number of nuclear weapons in the active and inactive 
    stockpiles of the Russian Federation, the President shall transmit 
    to the congressional defense committees a report by the Commander 
    of the United States Strategic Command, without change, detailing 
    whether the recommended reduction would create a strategic 
    imbalance or degrade deterrence and extended deterrence between the 
    total number of nuclear weapons of the United States and the total 
    number of nuclear weapons of the Russian Federation. The President 
    shall transmit such report by not later than 60 days before the 
    date on which the President carries out any such recommended 
    reductions.
        ``(3) Exception.--The notification in paragraph (2) shall not 
    apply to--
            ``(A) reductions made to ensure the safety, security, 
        reliability, and credibility of the nuclear weapons stockpile 
        and strategic delivery systems, including activities related to 
        surveillance, assessment, certification, testing, and 
        maintenance of nuclear warheads and strategic delivery systems; 
        or
            ``(B) nuclear warheads that are retired or awaiting 
        dismantlement on the date of the certification under paragraph 
        (1).
        ``(4) Additional views.--On the date on which the President 
    transmits to the congressional defense committees a report by the 
    Commander of the United States Strategic Command under paragraph 
    (2), the President may transmit to such committees a report by the 
    President with respect to whether the recommended reductions 
    covered by the report of the Commander will impact the deterrence 
    or extended deterrence capabilities of the United States.''.
SEC. 1035. STRATEGIC DELIVERY SYSTEMS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 24 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by section 1031(b), is amended by inserting after section 494, as 
added by section 1033(b)(1), the following new section:
``Sec. 495. Strategic delivery systems
    ``(a) Annual Certification.--Beginning in fiscal year 2013, the 
President shall annually certify in writing to the congressional 
defense committees whether plans to modernize or replace strategic 
delivery systems are fully funded at levels equal to or more than the 
levels set forth in the November 2010 update to the plan referred to in 
section 1251 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2549), including plans regarding--
        ``(1) a heavy bomber and air-launched cruise missile;
        ``(2) an intercontinental ballistic missile;
        ``(3) a submarine-launched ballistic missile;
        ``(4) a ballistic missile submarine; and
        ``(5) maintaining the nuclear command and control system (as 
    first reported under section 1043 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 
    Stat. 1576)).
    ``(b) Additional Report Matters Following Certain Certifications.--
If in any year before fiscal year 2020 the President certifies under 
subsection (a) that plans to modernize or replace strategic delivery 
systems are not fully funded, the President shall include in the next 
annual report transmitted to Congress under section 1043 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 the following:
        ``(1) A determination of whether or not the lack of full 
    funding will result in a loss of military capability when compared 
    with the November 2010 update to the plan referred to in section 
    1251 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2010.
        ``(2) If the determination under paragraph (1) is that the lack 
    of full funding will result in a loss of military capability--
            ``(A) a plan to preserve or retain the military capability 
        that would otherwise be lost; or
            ``(B) a report setting forth--
                ``(i) an assessment of the impact of the lack of full 
            funding on the strategic delivery systems specified in 
            subsection (a); and
                ``(ii) a description of the funding required to restore 
            or maintain the capability.
        ``(3) A certification by the President of whether or not the 
    President is committed to accomplishing the modernization and 
    replacement of strategic delivery systems and will meet the 
    obligations concerning nuclear modernization as set forth in 
    declaration 12 of the Resolution of Advice and Consent to 
    Ratification of the New START Treaty.
    ``(c) Prior Notification.--Not later than 60 days before the date 
on which the President carries out any reduction to the number of 
strategic delivery systems, the President shall--
        ``(1) make the certification under subsection (a) for the 
    fiscal year for which the reductions are proposed to be carried 
    out;
        ``(2) transmit the additional report matters under subsection 
    (b) for such fiscal year, if such additional report matters are so 
    required; and
        ``(3) certify to the congressional defense committees that the 
    Russian Federation is in compliance with its arms control 
    obligations with the United States and is not engaged in activity 
    in violation of, or inconsistent with, such obligations.
    ``(d) Treatment of Certain Reductions.--Any certification under 
subsection (a) shall not take into account the following:
        ``(1) Reductions made to ensure the safety, security, 
    reliability, and credibility of the nuclear weapons stockpile and 
    strategic delivery systems, including activities related to 
    surveillance, assessment, certification, testing, and maintenance 
    of nuclear warheads and delivery systems.
        ``(2) Strategic delivery systems that are retired or awaiting 
    dismantlement on the date of the certification under subsection 
    (a).
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `New START Treaty' means the Treaty between the 
    United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures for 
    the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, 
    signed on April 8, 2010, and entered into force on February 5, 
    2011.
        ``(2) The term `strategic delivery system' means a delivery 
    system for nuclear weapons.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 24 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 494, as added by section 1033(b)(2), the following 
new item:

``495. Strategic delivery systems.''.
SEC. 1036. CONSIDERATION OF EXPANSION OF NUCLEAR FORCES OF OTHER 
COUNTRIES.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 24 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by section 1031(b), is amended by inserting after section 495, as 
added by section 1035(a), the following new section:
``Sec. 496. Consideration of expansion of nuclear forces of other 
   countries
    ``(a) Report and Certification.--Not later than 60 days before the 
President recommends any reductions to the nuclear forces of the United 
States--
        ``(1) the President shall transmit to the appropriate 
    congressional committees a report detailing, for each country with 
    nuclear weapons, the high-, medium-, and low- confidence assessment 
    of the intelligence community (as defined in section 3(4) of the 
    National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4))) with respect 
    to--
            ``(A) the number of each type of nuclear weapons possessed 
        by such country;
            ``(B) the modernization plans for such weapons of such 
        country;
            ``(C) the production capacity of nuclear warheads and 
        strategic delivery systems (as defined in section 495(e)(2) of 
        this title) of such country;
            ``(D) the nuclear doctrine of such country; and
            ``(E) the impact of such recommended reductions on the 
        deterrence and extended deterrence capabilities of the United 
        States; and
        ``(2) the Commander of the United States Strategic Command 
    shall certify to the appropriate congressional committees whether 
    such recommended reductions in the nuclear forces of the United 
    States will--
            ``(A) impair the ability of the United States to address--
                ``(i) unplanned strategic or geopolitical events; or
                ``(ii) technical challenge; or
            ``(B) degrade the deterrence or assurance provided by the 
        United States to friends and allies of the United States.
    ``(b) Form.--The reports required by subsection (a)(1) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    ``(c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term `appropriate congressional committees' means the 
following:
        ``(1) The congressional defense committees.
        ``(2) The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
    Senate.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
495, as added by section 1035(b), the following new item:

``496. Consideration of expansion of nuclear forces of other 
          countries.''.
SEC. 1037. NONSTRATEGIC NUCLEAR WEAPON REDUCTIONS AND EXTENDED 
DETERRENCE POLICY.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the United States should pursue negotiations with the 
    Russian Federation aimed at the reduction of Russian deployed and 
    nondeployed nonstrategic nuclear forces;
        (2) nonstrategic nuclear weapons should be considered when 
    weighing the balance of the nuclear forces of the United States and 
    the Russian Federation;
        (3) any geographical relocation or storage of nonstrategic 
    nuclear weapons by the Russian Federation does not constitute a 
    reduction or elimination of such weapons;
        (4) the vast advantage of the Russian Federation in 
    nonstrategic nuclear weapons constitutes a threat to the United 
    States and its allies and a growing asymmetry in Western Europe;
        (5) the forward-deployed nuclear forces of the United States 
    are an important contributor to the assurance of the allies of the 
    United States and constitute a check on proliferation and a tool in 
    dealing with neighboring states hostile to the North Atlantic 
    Treaty Organization (``NATO'');
        (6) the United States should maintain its commitment to 
    extended deterrence, specifically the nuclear alliance of NATO, as 
    an important component of ensuring and linking the national 
    security interests of the United States and the security of its 
    European allies;
        (7) forward-deployed nuclear forces of the United States shall 
    remain based in Europe in support of the nuclear policy and posture 
    of NATO subject to the policy and requirements of NATO;
        (8) the presence of nuclear weapons of the United States in 
    Europe--combined with NATO's unique nuclear sharing arrangements 
    under which non-nuclear members participate in nuclear planning and 
    possess specially configured aircraft capable of delivering nuclear 
    weapons--provides reassurance to allies and partners who feel 
    exposed to regional threats; and
        (9) only the President and Congress have the legal authority 
    over the nuclear forces of the United States and no multilateral 
    organization, not even NATO, can articulate a declaratory policy 
    concerning the use of nuclear weapons that binds the United States.
    (b) Notification.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 24 of title 10, United States Code, as 
    added by section 1031(b), is amended by inserting after section 
    496, as added by section 1036(a), the following new section:
``Sec. 497. Notification required for reduction, consolidation, or 
   withdrawal of nuclear forces based in Europe
    ``(a) Notification.--Upon any decision to reduce, consolidate, or 
withdraw the nuclear forces of the United States that are based in 
Europe, the President shall transmit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a notification containing--
        ``(1) justification for such reduction, consolidation, or 
    withdrawal; and
        ``(2) an assessment of how member states of the North Atlantic 
    Treaty Organization, in light of such reduction, consolidation, or 
    withdrawal, assess the credibility of the deterrence capability of 
    the United States in support of its commitments undertaken pursuant 
    to article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty, signed at Washington, 
    District of Columbia, on April 4, 1949, and entered into force on 
    August 24, 1949 (63 Stat. 2241; TIAS 1964).
    ``(b) Prior Notification Required.--
        ``(1) In general.--The President shall transmit the 
    notification required by subsection (a) by not later than 60 days 
    before the date on which the President commences a reduction, 
    consolidation, or withdrawal of the nuclear forces of the United 
    States that are based in Europe described in such notification.
        ``(2) Exception.--The limitation in paragraph (1) shall not 
    apply to a reduction, consolidation, or withdrawal of nuclear 
    weapons of the United States that are based in Europe made to 
    ensure the safety, security, reliability, and credibility of such 
    weapons.
    ``(c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term `appropriate congressional committees' means--
        ``(1) the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
    Representatives and the Senate; and
        ``(2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
    Senate.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating 
    section 496, as added by section 1036(b), the following new item:

``497. Notification required for reduction, consolidation, or withdrawal 
          of nuclear forces based in Europe.''.
SEC. 1038. UNILATERAL CHANGE IN NUCLEAR WEAPONS STOCKPILE OF THE UNITED 
STATES.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 24 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by section 1031(b), is amended by inserting after section 497, as 
added by section 1037(b)(1), the following new section:
``Sec. 498 Unilateral change in nuclear weapons stockpile of the United 
   States
    ``(a) In General.--Other than pursuant to a treaty, if the 
President has under consideration to unilaterally change the size of 
the total stockpile of nuclear weapons of the United States by more 
than 25 percent, prior to doing so the President shall initiate a 
Nuclear Posture Review.
    ``(b) Terms of Reference.--Prior to the initiation of a Nuclear 
Posture Review under this section, the President shall determine the 
terms of reference for the Nuclear Posture Review, which the President 
shall provide to the congressional defense committees.
    ``(c) Nuclear Posture Review.--Upon completion of a Nuclear Posture 
Review under this section, the President shall submit the Nuclear 
Posture Review to the congressional defense committees prior to 
implementing any change in the nuclear weapons stockpile by more than 
25 percent.
    ``(d) Construction.--This section shall not apply to changes to the 
nuclear weapons stockpile resulting from treaty obligations.
    ``(e) Form.--A Nuclear Posture Review under this section shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating section 
497, as added by section 1037(b)(2), the following new item:

``498. Unilateral change in nuclear weapons stockpile of the United 
          States.''.
SEC. 1039. EXPANSION OF DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE NUCLEAR 
WEAPONS COUNCIL.
    (a) Guidance on Nuclear Command, Control, and Communications 
Systems.--Section 179(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and alternatives'' before 
    the period;
        (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``and approving'' after 
    ``Coordinating'';
        (3) in paragraph (7)--
            (A) by striking ``broad'' and inserting ``specific''; and
            (B) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``and priorities among activities, including 
        production, surveillance, research, construction, and any other 
        programs within the National Nuclear Security Administration'';
        (4) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph (12); and
        (5) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following new 
    paragraph (10):
        ``(10) Coordinating and providing guidance and oversight on 
    nuclear command, control, and communications systems.''.
    (b) Budget and Funding Matters.--Section 179 of such title is 
further amended--
        (1) in subsection (d), as amended by subsection (a), by 
    inserting after paragraph (10) the following new paragraph (11):
        ``(11) Coordinating and approving the annual budget proposals 
    of the National Nuclear Security Administration.'';
        (2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
        (3) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection (f):
    ``(f) Budget and Funding Matters.--(1) The Council shall submit to 
Congress each year, at the same time the budget of the President for 
the fiscal year beginning in such year is submitted to Congress 
pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, a certification whether or not 
the amounts requested for the National Nuclear Security Administration 
in such budget, and anticipated over the four fiscal years following 
such budget, meets nuclear stockpile and stockpile stewardship program 
requirements for such fiscal year and over such four fiscal years. If a 
member of the Council does not concur in a certification, the 
certification shall include the reasons for the member's non-
concurrence.
    ``(2) If a House of Congress adopts a bill authorizing or 
appropriating funds for the National Nuclear Security Administration 
for nuclear stockpile and stockpile stewardship program activities or 
other activities that, as determined by the Council, provides 
insufficient funds for such activities for the period covered by such 
bill, the Council shall notify the congressional defense committees of 
the determination.''.
    (c) Agenda of Meetings.--Section 179(b)(3) of such title is amended 
by adding at the end the following: ``To the extent possible, not later 
than seven days before a meeting, the Chairman shall disseminate to 
each member of the Council the agenda and documents for such 
meeting.''.
SEC. 1040. INTERAGENCY COUNCIL ON THE STRATEGIC CAPABILITY OF THE 
NATIONAL LABORATORIES.
    (a) Establishment.--Chapter 7 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 188. Interagency Council on the Strategic Capability of the 
   National Laboratories
    ``(a) Establishment.--There is an Interagency Council on the 
Strategic Capability of the National Laboratories (in this section 
referred to as the `Council').
    ``(b) Membership.--The membership of the Council is comprised of 
the following:
        ``(1) The Secretary of Defense.
        ``(2) The Secretary of Energy.
        ``(3) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
        ``(4) The Director of National Intelligence.
        ``(5) The Administrator for Nuclear Security.
        ``(6) Such other officials as the President considers 
    appropriate.
    ``(c) Structure and Procedures.--The President may determine the 
chair, structure, staff, and procedures of the Council.
    ``(d) Responsibilities.--The Council shall be responsible for the 
following matters:
        ``(1) Identifying and considering the science, technology, and 
    engineering capabilities of the national laboratories that could be 
    leveraged by each participating agency to support national security 
    missions.
        ``(2) Reviewing and assessing the adequacy of the national 
    security science, technology, and engineering capabilities of the 
    national laboratories for supporting national security missions 
    throughout the Federal Government.
        ``(3) Establishing and overseeing means of ensuring that--
            ``(A) capabilities identified by the Council under 
        paragraph (1) are sustained to an appropriate level; and
            ``(B) each participating agency provides the appropriate 
        level of institutional support to sustain such capabilities.
        ``(4) In accordance with acquisition rules regarding federally 
    funded research and development centers, establishing criteria for 
    when each participating agency should seek to use the services of 
    the national laboratories, including the identification of 
    appropriate mission areas and capabilities.
        ``(5) Making recommendations to the President and Congress 
    regarding regulatory or statutory changes needed to better 
    support--
            ``(A) the strategic capabilities of the national 
        laboratories; and
            ``(B) the use of such laboratories by each participating 
        agency.
        ``(6) Other actions the Council considers appropriate with 
    respect to--
            ``(A) the sustainment of the national laboratories; and
            ``(B) the use of the strategic capabilities of such 
        laboratories.
    ``(e) Streamlined Process.--With respect to the participating 
agency for which a member of the Council is the head of, each member of 
the Council shall--
        ``(1) establish processes to streamline the consideration and 
    approval of procuring the services of the national laboratories on 
    appropriate matters; and
        ``(2) ensure that such processes are used in accordance with 
    the criteria established under subsection (d)(4).
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `participating agency' means a department or 
    agency of the Federal Government that is represented on the Council 
    by a member under subsection (b).
        ``(2) The term `national laboratories' means--
            ``(A) each national security laboratory (as defined in 
        section 3281(1) of the National Nuclear Security Administration 
        Act (50 U.S.C. 2471(1))); and
            ``(B) each national laboratory of the Department of 
        Energy.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding after the item relating to section 
187 the following new item:

``188. Interagency Council on the Strategic Capability of the National 
          Laboratories.''.

    (c) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2013, the 
    Interagency Council on the Strategic Capability of the National 
    Laboratories established under section 188 of title 10, United 
    States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall submit to the 
    appropriate congressional committees a report describing and 
    assessing the following:
            (A) The actions taken to implement the requirements of such 
        section 188 and the charter titled ``Governance Charter for an 
        Interagency Council on the Strategic Capability of DOE National 
        Laboratories as National Security Assets'' signed by the 
        Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security, and the Director of National Intelligence in 
        July 2010.
            (B) The effectiveness of the Council in accomplishing the 
        purpose and objectives of such section and such Charter.
            (C) Efforts to strengthen work-for-others programs at the 
        national laboratories.
            (D) Efforts to make work-for-others opportunities at the 
        national laboratories more cost-effective.
            (E) Ongoing and planned measures for increasing cost-
        sharing and institutional support investments at the national 
        laboratories from other agencies.
            (F) Any regulatory or statutory changes recommended to 
        improve the ability of such other agencies to leverage 
        expertise and capabilities at the national laboratories.
            (G) The strategic capabilities and core competencies of 
        laboratories and engineering centers operated by the Department 
        of Defense, including identification of mission areas and 
        functions that should be carried out by such laboratories and 
        engineering centers.
            (H) Consistent with the protection of sources and methods, 
        the level of funding and general description of programs that 
        were funded during fiscal year 2012 by--
                (i) the Department of Defense and carried out at the 
            national laboratories; and
                (ii) the Department of Energy and the national 
            laboratories and carried out at the laboratories and 
            engineering centers of the Department of Defense.
        (2) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
        (3) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
    subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
    the following:
            (A) The congressional defense committees.
            (B) The Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural 
        Resources of the Senate.
            (C) The Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
            (D) The Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, 
        Science, and Transportation of the Senate.
            (E) The Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        House of Representatives and the Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the Senate.
    (d) Construction.--Nothing in section 188 of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall be construed to limit 
section 309 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 189).
SEC. 1041. COST ESTIMATES FOR NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
    (a) Budget Requirements.--Section 1043 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 
1576) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by amending subparagraph (F) to read 
        as follows:
            ``(F) In accordance with paragraph (3), a detailed estimate 
        of the budget requirements associated with sustaining and 
        modernizing the nuclear deterrent of the United States and the 
        nuclear weapons stockpile of the United States, including the 
        costs associated with the plans outlined under subparagraphs 
        (A) through (E), over the 10-year period following the date of 
        the report, including the applicable and appropriate costs 
        associated with the procurement, military construction, 
        operation and maintenance, and research, development, test, and 
        evaluation accounts of the Department of Defense.''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) Budget estimate contents and methodology.--Each budget 
    estimate under paragraph (2)(F) shall include a detailed 
    description of the costs included in such estimate and the 
    methodology used to create such estimate.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Comptroller General Review.--The Comptroller General of the 
United States shall--
        ``(1) review each report under subsection (a) for accuracy and 
    completeness with respect to the matters described in paragraphs 
    (2)(F) and (3) of such subsection; and
        ``(2) not later than 180 days after the date on which such 
    report under subsection (a) is submitted, submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a summary of each such review.''.
    (b) CBO Estimate of Costs.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
setting forth the following:
        (1) An estimate of the costs over the 10-year period beginning 
    on the date of the report associated with fielding and maintaining 
    the current nuclear weapons and nuclear weapon delivery systems of 
    the United States.
        (2) An estimate of the costs over the 10-year period beginning 
    on the date of the report of any life extension, modernization, or 
    replacement of any current nuclear weapons or nuclear weapon 
    delivery systems of the United States that is anticipated as of the 
    date of the report.
SEC. 1042. PRIOR NOTIFICATION WITH REGARD TO RETIREMENT OF STRATEGIC 
DELIVERY SYSTEMS.
    (a) Prior Notification.--The President shall ensure that the 
Secretary of Defense submits to Congress the plan required by section 
1042(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act of Fiscal Year 2012 
(Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1575) by not later than 60 days before 
the date on which the President carries out any reduction, conversion, 
or decommissioning of any strategic delivery system pursuant to the 
levels set forth for such systems under the New START Treaty.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``New START Treaty'' means the Treaty between the 
    United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures for 
    the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, 
    signed on April 8, 2010, and entered into force on February 5, 
    2011.
        (2) The term ``strategic delivery system'' means the following 
    delivery platforms for nuclear weapons:
            (A) Land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles.
            (B) Submarine-launched ballistic missiles and associated 
        ballistic missile submarines.
            (C) Nuclear-certified strategic bombers.
            (D) Nuclear-capable cruise missiles.
SEC. 1043. REPORT ON NUCLEAR WARHEADS ON INTERCONTINENTAL BALLISTIC 
MISSILES OF THE UNITED STATES.
    Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the requirements necessary to ensure that the 
United States retains the ability (and all of the related capabilities) 
to upload an intercontinental ballistic missile with multiple nuclear 
warheads in the event that operational requirements, technical 
failures, or other decisions require such an ability.
SEC. 1044. REQUIREMENTS FOR COMBINED OR INTEROPERABLE WARHEAD FOR 
CERTAIN MISSILE SYSTEMS.
    (a) Navy and Air Force Statements.--Not later than 75 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy and 
the Secretary of the Air Force shall each submit separate statements to 
the Nuclear Weapons Council established by section 179 of title 10, 
United States Code, on--
        (1) plans related to a combined or interoperable warhead for 
    the W78 Minuteman III missile system and the W88 Trident II D5 
    missile system; and
        (2) the views of the Secretary with respect to such combined or 
    interoperable warhead.
    (b) Report by Nuclear Weapons Council.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Nuclear Weapons Council shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
    requirements for a combined or interoperable warhead for the W78 
    Minuteman III missile system and the W88 Trident II D5 missile 
    system.
        (2) Matters included.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
    include--
            (A) the views of the Council with respect to the combined 
        or interoperable warhead; and
            (B) the unaltered statements of the Secretary of the Navy 
        and the Secretary of the Air Force submitted to the Council 
        under subsection (a).
SEC. 1045. REPORTS ON CAPABILITY OF CONVENTIONAL AND NUCLEAR FORCES 
AGAINST CERTAIN TUNNEL SITES AND ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM OF THE 
PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.
    (a) Report on Capability of U.S. Conventional and Nuclear Forces 
Against Certain Tunnel Sites.--
        (1) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Commander of the United States Strategic 
    Command shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
    report on the underground tunnel network used by the People's 
    Republic of China with respect to the capability of the United 
    States to use conventional and nuclear forces to neutralize such 
    tunnels and what is stored within such tunnels.
        (2) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in 
    unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (b) Assessment of Nuclear Weapons Program.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter into an 
    agreement with a federally funded research and development center 
    to conduct an assessment of the nuclear weapons program of the 
    People's Republic of China.
        (2) Panel.--To conduct the assessment under paragraph (1), the 
    federally funded research and development center shall convene a 
    panel consisting of individuals who--
            (A) are nuclear weapons or military experts;
            (B) have significant experience and subject matter 
        expertise based on the service of the individual in the Federal 
        Government or the nuclear weapons laboratories; and
            (C) possess (or have recently possessed) the appropriate 
        security clearance required to access relevant classified 
        information of the intelligence community and the Department of 
        Energy.
        (3) Matters included.--The assessment under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) An assessment of the nuclear deterrence strategy of 
        China, including a historical perspective and the assessed 
        geopolitical drivers of such strategy.
            (B) A detailed description of the nuclear arsenal of China, 
        including--
                (i) the capabilities of such arsenal;
                (ii) the number of nuclear weapons in such arsenal 
            capable of being delivered at intercontinental range; and
                (iii) any associated doctrines (including targeting 
            doctrines) relating to such arsenal.
            (C) A comparison of the nuclear forces of the United States 
        with the nuclear forces of China, including with respect to 
        nuclear forces that are deployed, in reserve, or awaiting 
        dismantlement.
            (D) Projections of the possible future nuclear arsenals of 
        China, including the capabilities and associated doctrines of 
        such arsenals.
            (E) A description of command and control functions and 
        gaps.
            (F) An assessment of the fissile material stockpile of 
        China and the civil and military production capabilities and 
        capacities.
            (G) An assessment of the production capacities of China for 
        nuclear weapons and nuclear weapon delivery vehicles.
            (H) A discussion of any significant uncertainties 
        surrounding the nuclear weapons program of China, including--
                (i) identification of the knowledge gaps regarding such 
            nuclear weapons program; and
                (ii) a discussion of the implications of any such gaps 
            for the security of the United States and the allies of the 
            United States.
            (I) Any recommendations to improve the understanding of the 
        United States with respect to the nuclear weapons program of 
        China.
        (4) Report.--Not later than August 15, 2013, the federally 
    funded research and development center shall submit to the 
    appropriate congressional committees a report on the assessment 
    conducted under paragraph (1).
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
        (1) The congressional defense committees.
        (2) The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
    Senate.
SEC. 1046. REPORT ON CONVENTIONAL AND NUCLEAR FORCES IN THE WESTERN 
PACIFIC REGION.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of 
State, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
the feasibility and strategic value of deploying additional 
conventional and nuclear forces to the Western Pacific region to ensure 
the presence of a robust conventional and nuclear capability, including 
a forward-deployed nuclear capability, of the United States in response 
to the ballistic missile and nuclear weapons developments of North 
Korea and the other belligerent actions North Korea has made against 
allies of the United States. The report shall include an evaluation of 
any bilateral agreements, basing arrangements, and costs that would be 
involved with such additional deployments.

         Subtitle F--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

SEC. 1051. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY TO LOAN 
OR DONATE EXCESS NON-AUTOMATIC SERVICE RIFLES FOR FUNERAL AND OTHER 
CEREMONIAL PURPOSES.
    (a) In General.--Section 4683 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) In order to meet the needs of an eligible organization 
with respect to performing funeral and other ceremonies, if the 
Secretary determines appropriate, the Secretary may--
    ``(i) loan or donate excess non-automatic service rifles to an 
eligible organization; or
    ``(ii) authorize an eligible organization to retain non-automatic 
service rifles other than M-1 rifles.
    ``(B) Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to supersede any 
Federal law or regulation governing the use or ownership of 
firearms.''; and
        (2) by striking the section heading and inserting the 
    following:
``Sec. 4683. Excess non-automatic service rifles: loan or donation for 
    funeral and other ceremonial purposes''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 443 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 4683 and inserting the following new item:

``4683. Excess non-automatic service rifles: loan or donation for 
          funeral and other ceremonial purposes.''.
SEC. 1052. INTERAGENCY COLLABORATION ON UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.
    (a) Findings on Joint Department of Defense Federal Aviation 
Administration Executive Committee on Conflict and Dispute 
Resolution.--Section 1036(a) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4596) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(9) Collaboration of scientific and technical personnel and 
    sharing of technical information, test results, and resources where 
    available from the Department of Defense, the Federal Aviation 
    Administration, and the National Aeronautics and Space 
    Administration can advance an enduring relationship of research 
    capability to advance the access of unmanned aircraft systems of 
    the Department of Defense, the National Aeronautics and Space 
    Administration and other public agencies to the National Airspace 
    System.''.
    (b) Interagency Collaboration.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall collaborate 
    with the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration and 
    the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space 
    Administration to conduct research and seek solutions to challenges 
    associated with the safe integration of unmanned aircraft systems 
    into the National Airspace System in accordance with subtitle B of 
    title III of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (Public 
    Law 112-95; 126 Stat. 72).
        (2) Activities in support of plan on access to national 
    airspace for unmanned aircraft systems.--Collaboration under 
    paragraph (1) may include research and development of scientific 
    and technical issues, equipment, and technology in support of the 
    plan to safely accelerate the integration of unmanned aircraft 
    systems as required by subtitle B of title III of the FAA 
    Modernization and Reform Act of 2012.
        (3) Nonduplicative efforts.--If the Secretary of Defense 
    determines it is in the interest of the Department of Defense, the 
    Secretary may use existing aerospace-related laboratories, 
    personnel, equipment, research radars, and ground facilities of the 
    Department of Defense to avoid duplication of efforts in carrying 
    out collaboration under paragraph (1).
        (4) Reports.--
            (A) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense, on behalf of 
        the UAS Executive Committee, shall annually submit to the 
        congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure, and the Committee on 
        Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives, 
        and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
        the Senate a report on the progress of research activity of the 
        Department of Defense, including--
                (i) progress in accomplishing the goals of the unmanned 
            aircraft systems research, development, and demonstration 
            as related to the Department of Defense Final Report to 
            Congress on Access to National Airspace for Unmanned 
            Aircraft Systems of October 2010, and any ongoing and 
            collaborative research and development programs with the 
            Federal Aviation Administration and the National 
            Aeronautics and Space Administration;
                (ii) estimates of long-term funding needs and details 
            of funds expended and allocated in the budget requests of 
            the President that support integration into the National 
            Airspace; and
                (iii) progress in sharing with the Federal Aviation 
            Administration safety operational and performance data as 
            it relates to unmanned aircraft system operation and the 
            impact on the National Airspace System.
            (B) Termination.--The requirement to submit a report under 
        subparagraph (A) shall terminate on the date that is 5 years 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) UAS Executive Committee Defined.--In this section, the term 
``UAS Executive Committee'' means the National Aeronautics and Space 
and Administration and the Department of Defense-Federal Aviation 
Administration executive committee described in section 1036(b) of the 
Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
and established by the Secretary of Defense and the Administrator of 
the Federal Aviation Administration.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is hereby authorized to 
be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this 
section.
SEC. 1053. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER SURPLUS MINE-RESISTANT AMBUSH-
PROTECTED VEHICLES AND SPARE PARTS.
    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense is authorized to transfer 
surplus Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected vehicles, including spare parts 
for such vehicles, to non-profit United States humanitarian demining 
organizations for purposes of demining activities and training of such 
organizations.
    (b) Terms and Conditions.--Any transfer of vehicles or spare parts 
under subsection (a) shall be subject to the following terms and 
conditions:
        (1) The transfer shall be made on a loan basis.
        (2) The costs of operation and maintenance of the vehicles 
    shall be borne by the recipient organization.
        (3) Any other terms and conditions as the Secretary of Defense 
    determines to be appropriate.
    (c) Notification.--The Secretary of Defense shall notify the 
congressional defense committees in writing not less than 60 days 
before making any transfer of vehicles or spare parts under subsection 
(a). Such notification shall include the name of the organization, the 
number and model of the vehicle to be transferred, a listing of any 
spare parts to be transferred, and any other information the Secretary 
considers appropriate.
SEC. 1054. NOTICE TO CONGRESS OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
NONDISCLOSURE AGREEMENTS.
    (a) Notice Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees notice of any request or requirement 
for members of the Armed Forces or civilian employees of the Department 
of Defense to enter into nondisclosure agreements that could restrict 
the ability of such members or employees to communicate with Congress. 
Each such notice shall include the following:
        (1) The basis in law for the agreement.
        (2) An explanation for the restriction of the ability to 
    communicate with Congress.
        (3) A description of the category of individuals requested or 
    required to enter into the agreement.
        (4) A copy of the language contained in the agreement.
    (b) Timing of Notification.--
        (1) Requests or requirements before date of enactment.--In the 
    case of nondisclosure agreements described in subsection (a) that 
    members or employees were first requested or required to enter into 
    on or before the date of the enactment of this Act, the notice 
    required by subsection (a) shall be submitted not later than 60 
    days after the date of enactment.
        (2) Requests or requirements after date of enactment.--In the 
    case of nondisclosure agreements described in subsection (a) that 
    members or employees were first requested or required to enter into 
    after the date of the enactment of this Act, the notice required by 
    subsection (a) shall be submitted not later than 30 days after the 
    date on which the Secretary first requests or requires that the 
    members or employees enter into the agreements.
SEC. 1055. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSURED BUSINESS 
GUARANTEES TO CARRIERS PARTICIPATING IN CIVIL RESERVE AIR FLEET.
    (a) Extension.--Subsection (k) of section 9515 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2020''.
    (b) Application to All Segments of CRAF.--Such section is further 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``passenger''; and
        (2) in subsection (j), by striking ``, except that it only 
    means such transportation for which the Secretary of Defense has 
    entered into a contract for the purpose of passenger travel''.
SEC. 1056. AUTHORITY FOR SHORT-TERM EXTENSION OF LEASE FOR AIRCRAFT 
SUPPORTING THE BLUE DEVIL INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND 
RECONNAISSANCE PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 2401 of title 10, United 
States Code, the Secretary of the Air Force may extend or renew the 
lease of aircraft supporting the Blue Devil intelligence, surveillance, 
and reconnaissance program after the date of the expiration of the 
current lease of such aircraft for a term that is the shorter of--
        (1) the period beginning on the date of the expiration of the 
    current lease and ending on the date on which the Commander of the 
    United States Central Command notifies the Secretary that a 
    substitute is available for the capabilities provided by the lease, 
    or that the capabilities provided by such aircraft are no longer 
    required; or
        (2) six months.
    (b) Funding.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
2013 by title XV and available for Overseas Contingency Operations for 
operation and maintenance as specified in the funding tables in section 
4302 may be available for the extension or renewal of the lease 
authorized by subsection (a).
SEC. 1057. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION RELATING TO PROHIBITION ON INFRINGING 
ON THE INDIVIDUAL RIGHT TO LAWFULLY ACQUIRE, POSSESS, OWN, CARRY, AND 
OTHERWISE USE PRIVATELY OWNED FIREARMS, AMMUNITION, AND OTHER WEAPONS.
    Section 1062(c) of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4363) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``others.'' and inserting 
    ``others; or''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) authorize a health professional that is a member of the 
    Armed Forces or a civilian employee of the Department of Defense or 
    a commanding officer to inquire if a member of the Armed Forces 
    plans to acquire, or already possesses or owns, a privately-owned 
    firearm, ammunition, or other weapon, if such health professional 
    or such commanding officer has reasonable grounds to believe such 
    member is at risk for suicide or causing harm to others.''.
SEC. 1058. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE JOINT WARFIGHTING ANALYSIS CENTER.
    It is the sense of Congress that the Joint Warfighting Analysis 
Center (JWAC) should have adequate resources to meet the continuing 
requirements of the combatant commands.
SEC. 1059. LIMITATIONS ON RETIREMENT OF FIXED-WING INTRA-THEATER 
AIRLIFT AIRCRAFT FOR GENERAL SUPPORT AND TIME SENSITIVE/MISSION 
CRITICAL DIRECT SUPPORT AIRLIFT MISSIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Limitation on Retirements.--During fiscal year 2013, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall retain an additional 32 fixed-wing, 
intra-theater airlift aircraft beyond the number of such aircraft 
proposed to be retained in the Secretary's total force structure 
proposal provided to the congressional defense committees on November 
2, 2012.
    (b) Incorporation of Concept of Employment.--Not later than June 1, 
2013, the Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that the concept of 
employment for the Department of the Air Force direct support of 
Department of the Army time sensitive or mission critical intra-theater 
airlift mission, as agreed to by the Vice Chiefs of Staff of the Air 
Force and the Army by memorandum of agreement dated September 13, 2009, 
and agreed to by the Chiefs of Staff of the Air Force and the Army and 
the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, by memorandum of 
understanding dated January 27, 2012, is wholly incorporated into 
Department of the Air Force doctrine, strategy, tactics, and modeling 
and the Air Force core capabilities of agile combat support and rapid 
global mobility operations.

                    Subtitle G--Studies and Reports

SEC. 1061. ELECTRONIC WARFARE STRATEGY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than January 1, 2013, the 
Secretary of Defense shall review and update Department of Defense 
guidance related to electronic warfare to ensure that oversight roles 
and responsibilities within the Department related to electronic 
warfare policy and programs are clearly defined. Such guidance shall 
clarify, as appropriate, the roles and responsibilities related to the 
integration of electronic warfare matters and cyberspace operations.
    (b) Plan Required.--Not later than October 1, 2013, the Commander 
of the United States Strategic Command shall update and issue guidance 
regarding the responsibilities of the Command with regard to joint 
electronic warfare capabilities. Such guidance shall--
        (1) define the role and objectives of the Joint Electromagnetic 
    Spectrum Control Center or any other center established in the 
    Command to provide governance and oversight of electronic warfare 
    matters; and
        (2) include an implementation plan outlining tasks, metrics, 
    and timelines to establish such a center.
    (c) Additional Reporting Requirements.--Section 1053(b)(1) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 
111-84; 123 Stat. 2459) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period and inserting a 
    semicolon; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(D) performance measures to guide the implementation of 
        such strategy;
            ``(E) an identification of resources and investments 
        necessary to implement such strategy; and
            ``(F) an identification of the roles and responsibilities 
        within the Department to implement such strategy.''.
SEC. 1062. REPORT ON COUNTERPROLIFERATION CAPABILITIES AND LIMITATIONS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a report outlining operational 
capabilities, limitations, and shortfalls within the Department of 
Defense with respect to counterproliferation and combating weapons of 
mass destruction involving special operations forces and key enabling 
forces.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following elements:
        (1) An overview and assessment of current counterproliferation 
    and combating weapons of mass destruction capabilities, capacity, 
    and limitations of special operations forces and key enabling 
    capabilities provided by other supporting elements of the 
    Department of Defense and other Government agencies.
        (2) An assessment of the unique capabilities of special 
    operations forces to counter a proliferant's ability to develop 
    weapons of mass destruction, including all phases of weaponization.
        (3) An overview and assessment of current and future training 
    requirements and gaps, including the adequacy and availability of 
    training facilities relative to paragraphs (1) and (2).
        (4) An assessment of technical capability gaps relative to 
    paragraphs (1) and (2), including an identification of any gaps 
    that are unique to special operations forces.
        (5) An assessment of interagency coordination capabilities and 
    gaps, including intelligence support to countering weapons of mass 
    destruction.
        (6) An assessment of current international bilateral and 
    multilateral partnerships and the limitations of such partnerships, 
    including an assessment of existing authorities to build 
    partnership capacity in countering weapons of mass destruction 
    unique to special operations forces.
        (7) A description of efforts to address the limitations and 
    gaps referred to in paragraphs (1) through (6), including timelines 
    and requirements to address such limitations and such gaps.
        (8) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
SEC. 1063. REPORT ON STRATEGIC AIRLIFT AIRCRAFT.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives, and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate a report that sets forth the following:
        (1) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    obtaining a Federal Aviation Administration certification for 
    commercial use of each of the following:
            (A) A commercial variant of the C-17 aircraft.
            (B) A retired C-17A aircraft.
            (C) A retired C-5A aircraft.
        (2) An assessment of the current limitations of the aircraft of 
    the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
        (3) An assessment of the potential for using the aircraft 
    referred to in paragraph (1) in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
        (4) An assessment of the advantages of adding the aircraft 
    referred to in paragraph (1) to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
        (5) An update on the status of any cooperation between the 
    Federal Aviation Administration and the Department of Defense on 
    the certification of the aircraft referred to in paragraph (1).
        (6) A description of all actions required, including any 
    impediments to such actions, to offering retired C-5A aircraft or 
    retired C-17A aircraft as excess defense articles to United States 
    allies or for sale to Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers.
        (7) A description of the actions required for interested allies 
    or Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers to take delivery of excess C-5A 
    aircraft or excess C-17A aircraft, including the actions, 
    modifications, or demilitarization necessary for such recipients to 
    take delivery of such aircraft, and provisions for permitting such 
    recipients to undertake responsibility for such actions, to the 
    maximum extent practicable.
SEC. 1064. REPEAL OF BIENNIAL REPORT ON THE GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM.
    Section 2281 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (d); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
SEC. 1065. IMPROVEMENTS TO REPORTS REQUIRED ON ACQUISITION OF 
TECHNOLOGY RELATING TO WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION AND THE THREAT POSED 
BY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION, BALLISTIC MISSILES, AND CRUISE 
MISSILES.
    (a) In General.--Section 234 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (50 U.S.C. 2367) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``SEC. 234. REPORTS ON ACQUISITION OF TECHNOLOGY RELATING TO 
      WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION AND THE THREAT POSED BY WEAPONS OF 
      MASS DESTRUCTION, BALLISTIC MISSILES, AND CRUISE MISSILES.
    ``(a) Annual Report.--Not later than January 30 of each year, the 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Director of National 
Intelligence, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees 
a report on the following:
        ``(1) The threats posed to the United States and allies of the 
    United States--
            ``(A) by weapons of mass destruction, ballistic missiles, 
        and cruise missiles; and
            ``(B) by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, 
        ballistic missiles, and cruise missiles.
        ``(2) The acquisition by foreign countries during the preceding 
    12 months of dual-use and other technology useful for the 
    development or production of weapons of mass destruction (including 
    nuclear weapons, chemical weapons, and biological weapons) and 
    advanced conventional munitions.
        ``(3) Any trends with respect to the acquisition described in 
    paragraph (2).
    ``(b) Matters Included.--Each report submitted under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
        ``(1) Identification of each foreign country and non-State 
    organization that possesses weapons of mass destruction, ballistic 
    missiles, or cruise missiles, and a description of such weapons and 
    missiles with respect to each such foreign country and non-State 
    organization.
        ``(2) A description of the means by which any foreign country 
    and non-State organization that has achieved, or is making progress 
    toward achieving, capability with respect to weapons of mass 
    destruction, ballistic missiles, or cruise missiles has achieved, 
    or is making progress toward achieving, that capability, including 
    a description of the international network of foreign countries and 
    private entities that provide assistance to foreign countries and 
    non-State organizations in achieving that capability.
        ``(3) An examination of the doctrines that guide the use of 
    weapons of mass destruction in each foreign country that possesses 
    such weapons.
        ``(4) An examination of the existence and implementation of the 
    control mechanisms that exist with respect to nuclear weapons in 
    each foreign country that possesses such weapons.
        ``(5) Identification of each foreign country and non-State 
    organization that seeks to acquire or develop (indigenously or with 
    foreign assistance) weapons of mass destruction, ballistic 
    missiles, or cruise missiles, and a description of such weapons and 
    missiles with respect to each such foreign country and non-State 
    organization.
        ``(6) An assessment of various possible timelines for the 
    achievement by foreign countries and non-State organizations of 
    capability with respect to weapons of mass destruction, ballistic 
    missiles, and cruise missiles, taking into account the probability 
    of whether foreign countries that are a party to the Missile 
    Technology Control Regime will comply with and enforce the regime, 
    the potential availability of assistance from foreign technical 
    specialists, and the potential for independent sales by foreign 
    private entities without authorization from their national 
    governments.
        ``(7) For each foreign country or non-State organization that 
    has not achieved the capability to target the United States or its 
    territories with weapons of mass destruction, ballistic missiles, 
    or cruise missiles as of the date of the enactment of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, an estimate of how 
    far in advance the United States is likely to be warned before such 
    foreign country or non-State organization achieves that capability.
        ``(8) For each foreign country or non-State organization that 
    has not achieved the capability to target members of the Armed 
    Forces of the United States deployed abroad with weapons of mass 
    destruction, ballistic missiles, or cruise missiles as of the date 
    of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2013, an estimate of how far in advance the United 
    States is likely to be warned before such foreign country or non-
    State organization achieves that capability.
    ``(c) Classification.--Each report submitted under subsection (a) 
shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.
    ``(d) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term `appropriate congressional committees' means the 
following:
        ``(1) The congressional defense committees.
        ``(2) The congressional intelligence committees (as defined in 
    section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a)).
        ``(3) The Speaker and the minority leader of the House of 
    Representatives and the majority leader and the minority leader of 
    the Senate.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 
105-85) is amended by striking the item relating to section 234 and 
inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 234. Reports on acquisition of technology relating to weapons of 
          mass destruction and the threat posed by weapons of mass 
          destruction, ballistic missiles, and cruise missiles.''.

    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 721 of the Intelligence 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (50 U.S.C. 2366) is repealed.
SEC. 1066. REPORT ON FORCE STRUCTURE OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to 
Congress a report on the force structure of the Army.
    (b) Elements of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall include each of the following:
        (1) A description of the planning assumptions and scenarios 
    used to determine the size and force structure of the United States 
    Army, including the reserve component, for the Future Years Defense 
    Program for fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
        (2) An evaluation of the adequacy of the proposed force 
    structure for meeting the goals of the national military strategy 
    of the United States.
        (3) A description of any alternative force structures 
    considered, including the assessed advantages and disadvantages of 
    each and a brief explanation of why those not selected were 
    rejected.
        (4) The estimated resource requirements of each of the 
    alternative force structures referred to in paragraph (3).
        (5) An independent risk assessment of the proposed Army force 
    structure, to be conducted by the Chief of Staff of the Army.
        (6) Such other information as the Secretary of the Army 
    determines is appropriate.
    (c) Classified Annex.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
be in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 1067. REPORT ON PLANNED EFFICIENCY INITIATIVES AT SPACE AND NAVAL 
WARFARE SYSTEMS COMMAND.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on plans to implement efficiency initiatives to 
reduce overhead costs at all echelons of the Space and Naval Warfare 
Systems Command (SPAWAR), including a detailed description of the long-
term impacts on current and planned future mission requirements.
SEC. 1068. REPORT ON MILITARY RESOURCES NECESSARY TO EXECUTE UNITED 
STATES FORCE POSTURE STRATEGY IN THE ASIA PACIFIC REGION.
    (a) Review Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
    consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
    conduct a comprehensive review of the national defense strategy, 
    force structure, force modernization plans, infrastructure, budget 
    plan, and other elements of the defense program and policies of the 
    United States with regard to the Asia Pacific region to determine 
    the resources, equipment, and transportation required to meet the 
    strategic and operational plans of the United States.
        (2) Elements.--The review required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) The force structure, force modernization plans, 
        infrastructure, budget plan, and other elements of the defense 
        program of the United States associated with the Asia Pacific 
        region that would be required to execute successfully the full 
        range of missions called for in the national defense strategy.
            (B) An estimate of the timing for initial and final 
        operational capability for each unit based in, realigned 
        within, or identified for support to the Asia Pacific region.
            (C) An assessment of the strategic and tactical sea, 
        ground, and air transportation required for the forces assigned 
        to the Asia Pacific region to meet strategic and operational 
        plans.
            (D) The specific capabilities, including the general number 
        and type of specific military platforms, their permanent 
        station, and planned forward operating locations needed to 
        achieve the strategic and warfighting objectives identified in 
        the review.
            (E) The forward presence, phased deployments, pre-
        positioning, and other anticipatory deployments of manpower or 
        military equipment necessary for conflict deterrence and 
        adequate military response to anticipated conflicts.
            (F) The budget plan that would be required to provide 
        sufficient resources to execute successfully the full range of 
        missions and phased operations in the Asia Pacific region at a 
        low-to-moderate level of risk and any additional resources 
        (beyond those programmed in the current future-years defense 
        program) required to achieve such a level of risk.
            (G) Budgetary recommendations that are not constrained to 
        comply with and are fully independent of the budget submitted 
        to Congress by the President pursuant to section 1105 of title 
        31, United States Code.
    (b) CJCS Review.--Upon the completion of the review under 
subsection (a), the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall prepare 
and submit to the Secretary of Defense the Chairman's assessment of the 
review, including the Chairman's assessment of risk and a description 
of the capabilities needed to address such risk.
    (c) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report on the results of the 
    review required under subsection (a).
        (2) Content.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) A description of the elements set forth under 
        subsection (a)(1).
            (B) A description of the assumptions used in the 
        examination, including assumptions relating to--
                (i) the status of readiness of the Armed Forces;
                (ii) the cooperation of allies and partners, mission-
            sharing, and additional benefits to and burdens on the 
            Armed Forces resulting from coalition operations;
                (iii) warning times;
                (iv) levels of engagement in operations other than war 
            and smaller-scale contingencies and withdrawal from such 
            operations and contingencies;
                (v) the intensity, duration, and military and political 
            end-states of conflicts and smaller-scale contingencies; 
            and
                (vi) the roles and responsibilities that would be 
            discharged by contractors.
            (C) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense considers 
        appropriate.
            (D) The full and complete assessment of the Chairman of the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff under subsection (b), including related 
        comments of the Secretary of Defense.
        (3) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) may be 
    submitted in classified or unclassified form.
SEC. 1069. RIALTO-COLTON BASIN, CALIFORNIA, WATER RESOURCES STUDY.
    (a) In General.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior, acting through 
the Director of the United States Geological Survey, shall complete a 
study of water resources in the Rialto-Colton Basin in the State of 
California (in this section referred to as the ``Basin''), including--
        (1) a survey of ground water resources in the Basin, including 
    an analysis of--
            (A) the delineation, either horizontally or vertically, of 
        the aquifers in the Basin, including the quantity of water in 
        the aquifers;
            (B) the availability of ground water resources for human 
        use;
            (C) the salinity of ground water resources;
            (D) the identification of a recent surge in perchlorate 
        concentrations in ground water, whether significant sources are 
        being flushed through the vadose zone, or if perchlorate is 
        being remobilized;
            (E) the identification of impacts and extents of all source 
        areas that contribute to the regional plume to be fully 
        characterized;
            (F) the potential of the ground water resources to 
        recharge;
            (G) the interaction between ground water and surface water;
            (H) the susceptibility of the aquifers to contamination, 
        including identifying the extent of commingling of plume 
        emanating within surrounding areas in San Bernardino County, 
        California; and
            (I) any other relevant criteria; and
        (2) a characterization of surface and bedrock geology of the 
    Basin, including the effect of the geology on ground water yield 
    and quality.
    (b) Coordination.--The Secretary shall carry out the study in 
coordination with the State of California and any other entities that 
the Secretary determines to be appropriate, including other Federal 
agencies and institutions of higher education.
    (c) Report.--Upon completion of the study, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate 
and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives 
a report that describes the results of the study.
SEC. 1070. REPORTS ON THE POTENTIAL SECURITY THREAT POSED BY BOKO 
HARAM.
    (a) Director of National Intelligence Report.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of 
National Intelligence shall submit to Congress a classified 
intelligence assessment of the Nigerian organization known as Boko 
Haram. Such assessment shall address the following:
        (1) The organizational structure, operational goals, and 
    funding sources of Boko Haram.
        (2) The extent to which Boko Haram threatens the stability of 
    Nigeria and surrounding countries.
        (3) The extent to which Boko Haram threatens the security of 
    citizens of the United States or the national security or interests 
    of the United States.
        (4) Any interaction between Boko Haram and al-Qaeda in the 
    Islamic Maghreb or other al-Qaeda affiliates with respect to 
    operational planning and execution, training, and funding.
        (5) The capacity of Nigerian security forces to counter the 
    threat posed by Boko Haram and an assessment of the effectiveness 
    of the strategy of the Nigerian government to date.
        (6) Any intelligence gaps with respect to the leadership, 
    operational goals, and capabilities of Boko Haram.
    (b) Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense Joint Report.--Not 
later than 90 days after the date on which the report required by 
subsection (a) is submitted to Congress, the Secretary of State and the 
Secretary of Defense shall jointly submit to Congress a classified 
report describing the strategy of the United States to counter the 
threat posed by Boko Haram.
SEC. 1071. STUDY ON THE ABILITY OF NATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION 
CAPABILITIES TO SUPPORT THE MATURATION OF HYPERSONIC TECHNOLOGIES FOR 
FUTURE DEFENSE SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT.
    (a) Study Required.--The Director of the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, working with the Secretary of Defense and the 
Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
(NASA), shall conduct a study on the ability of the national test and 
evaluation infrastructure, including ground test facilities and open 
air ranges of the Department of Defense, and leveraging NASA and 
private facilities, when appropriate, to effectively and efficiently 
mature hypersonic technologies for defense systems development in the 
short and long term.
    (b) Report and Plan.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    appropriate congressional committees a report containing the 
    results of the study required under subsection (a) together with a 
    plan for requirements and proposed investments to meet Department 
    of Defense needs through 2030.
        (2) Content.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) An assessment of the current condition and adequacy of 
        the hypersonics test and evaluation infrastructure within the 
        Department of Defense, NASA, and the private sector to support 
        hypersonic research and development within the Department of 
        Defense.
            (B) An identification of test and evaluation infrastructure 
        outside the Department of Defense that could be used to support 
        Department of Defense hypersonic research and development and 
        assess means to ensure the availability of such capabilities to 
        the Department in the present and future.
            (C) A time-phased plan to acquire required hypersonics 
        research, development, test and evaluation capabilities, 
        including identification of the resources necessary to acquire 
        any needed capabilities that are currently not available.
            (D) Other matters the Secretary determines are appropriate.
        (3) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
    subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
    means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

SEC. 1076. TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.
    (a) Amendments to National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012.--Effective as of December 31, 2011, and as if included 
therein as enacted, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81) is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 243(d) (125 Stat. 1344) is amended by striking 
    ``paragraph'' and inserting ``subsection''.
        (2) Section 323(b) (125 Stat. 1362) is amended by striking 
    ``Section 328(b)(A)'' and inserting ``Section 328(b)(2)(A)''.
        (3) Section 541(b) (125 Stat. 1407) is amended by striking ``, 
    as amended by subsection (a),''.
        (4) Section 589(b) (125 Stat. 1438) is amended by striking 
    ``section 717'' and inserting ``section 2564''.
        (5) Section 602(a)(2) (125 Stat. 1447) is amended by striking 
    ``repairs,'' and inserting ``repairs''.
        (6) Section 631(e)(28)(A) (125 Stat. 1464) is amended by 
    striking ``before `In addition''' and inserting ``before `Under 
    regulations'''.
        (7) Section 631(f)(2) (125 Stat. 1464) is amended by striking 
    ``table of chapter'' and inserting ``table of chapters''.
        (8) Section 631(f)(3)(B) (125 Stat. 1465) is amended by 
    striking ``chapter 9'' and inserting ``chapter 10''.
        (9) Section 631(f)(4) (125 Stat. 1465) is amended by striking 
    ``subsection (c)'' both places it appears and inserting 
    ``subsection (d)''.
        (10) Section 801 (125 Stat. 1482) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(1)(B), by striking ``paragraphs (6) 
        and (7)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (5) and (6)'';
            (B) in subsection (a)(2), in the matter proposed to be 
        inserted as a new paragraph, by striking the double closing 
        quotation marks after ``capabilities'' and inserting a single 
        closing quotation mark; and
            (C) in subsection (e)(1)(A), by striking ``Point'' in the 
        matter proposed to be struck and inserting ``Point A''.
        (11) Section 806(d) (125 Stat. 1487) is amended by striking 
    ``paragraph (2)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)(2)''.
        (12) Section 832(b)(1) (125 Stat. 1504) is amended by striking 
    ``Defenese'' and inserting ``Defense''.
        (13) Section 855 (125 Stat. 1521) is amended by striking 
    ``Section 139e(b)(12)'' and inserting ``Section 139c(b)(12)''.
        (14) Section 864(a)(2) (125 Stat. 1522) is amended by striking 
    ``for Acquisition Workforce Programs'' in the matter proposed to be 
    struck.
        (15) Section 864(d)(2) (125 Stat. 1525) is amended to read as 
    follows:
        ``(2) in paragraph (6), by striking `ensure that amounts 
    collected' and all that follows through the end of the paragraph 
    (as amended by section 526 of division C of Public Law 112-74 (125 
    Stat. 914)) and inserting `ensure that amounts collected under this 
    section are not used for a purpose other than the activities set 
    forth in section 1201(a) of this title.'.''.
        (16) Section 866(a) (125 Stat. 1526) is amended by striking 
    ``September 30'' in the matter proposed to be struck and inserting 
    ``December 31''.
        (17) Section 867 (125 Stat. 1526) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2010'' in the matter 
        proposed to be struck and inserting ``2011''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2013'' in the matter 
        proposed to be struck and inserting ``2014''.
        (18) Section 933(c) (125 Stat. 1544; 10 U.S.C. 2330 note) is 
    amended by striking ``of this title'' in the matter proposed to be 
    inserted and inserting ``of title 10, United States Code''.
        (19) Section 1045(c)(1) (125 Stat. 1577) is amended by striking 
    ``described in subsection (b)'' and inserting ``described in 
    paragraph (2)''.
        (20) Section 1067 (125 Stat. 1589) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (a); and
            (B) by striking the subsection designation and the 
        subsection heading of subsection (b).
        (21) Section 2702 (125 Stat. 1681) is amended--
            (A) in the section heading, by striking ``authorized'' and 
        inserting ``authorization of appropriations for''; and
            (B) by striking ``Using amounts'' and all that follows 
        through ``may carry out'' and inserting ``Funds are hereby 
        authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years beginning after 
        September 30, 2011, for''.
        (22) Section 2815(c) (125 Stat. 1689) is amended by inserting 
    ``subchapter III of'' before ``chapter 169''.
    (b) Amendments to Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2011.--Effective as of January 7, 2011, and as if 
included therein as enacted, the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383) is amended 
as follows:
        (1) Section 358(c)(3) (124 Stat. 4199) is amended by striking 
    ``fulfil'' and inserting ``fulfill''.
        (2) Section 533(b) (124 Stat. 4216) is amended by inserting 
    ``Section'' before ``1559(a)''.
        (3) Section 896(a) (124 Stat. 4314) is amended by striking 
    ``Chapter 7'' and inserting ``Chapter 4''.
        (4) Section 1075(b)(50)(C) (124 Stat. 4371) is amended by 
    striking ``subsection (j)(1)'' and inserting ``subsection (j)''.
        (5) Section 1203(a) (124 Stat. 4386) is amended in the matter 
    preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``Fiscal Year 2009'' and 
    inserting ``Fiscal Year 2008''.
    (c) Amendments to Reflect Redesignation of Certain Positions in 
Office of Secretary of Defense.--
        (1) Assistant secretary of defense for nuclear, chemical, and 
    biological defense programs.--Section 1605(a)(5) of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 
    22 U.S.C. 2751 note) is amended by striking ``The Assistant to the 
    Secretary of Defense for Nuclear and Chemical and Biological 
    Defense Programs'' and inserting ``The Assistant Secretary of 
    Defense for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs''.
        (2)  Assistant secretary of defense for research and 
    engineering.--
            (A) The following provisions are amended by striking 
        ``Director of Defense Research and Engineering'' and inserting 
        ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering'':
                (i) Sections 2362(a)(1) and 2521(e)(5) of title 10, 
            United States Code.
                (ii) Section 241(c) of the National Defense 
            Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 
            10 U.S.C. 2521 note).
                (iii) Section 212(b) of the Ronald W. Reagan National 
            Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 
            108-375; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
                (iv) Section 246(d)(1) of the Bob Stump National 
            Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 
            107-314; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
                (v) Section 257(a) of the National Defense 
            Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 
            10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
                (vi) Section 1101(b)(1)(D) of the Strom Thurmond 
            National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 
            (Public Law 105-261; 5 U.S.C. 3104 note).
                (vii) Section 802(g)(1)(B)(ii) of the Higher Education 
            Opportunity Act (20 U.S.C. 9631(g)(1)(B)(ii)).
            (B) Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                (i) in subsection (a), by inserting ``of Defense for 
            Research and Engineering'' after ``Assistant Secretary''; 
            and
                (ii) in subsection (d)(3)(A), by striking ``Director'' 
            and inserting ``Assistant Secretary''.
            (C) Section 256 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) 
        is amended in subsections (b)(4) and (d) by striking 
        ``Director, Defense'' and inserting ``Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for''.
            (D) Section 1504 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
                (i) in subsection (a), by striking ``Director of 
            Defense'' and inserting ``Assistant Secretary of Defense 
            for''; and
                (ii) in subsection (b)(9), by striking ``the Director 
            of the'' and all that follows through ``Engineering'' and 
            inserting ``the Director and the Assistant Secretary''.
            (E) Section 802 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) 
        is amended--
                (i) in subsection (a), by striking ``Director of 
            Defense'' and inserting ``Assistant Secretary of Defense 
            for'';
                (ii) in subsections (b), (d), and (e), by striking 
            ``Director'' and inserting ``Assistant Secretary''; and
                (iii) in subsection (f), by striking ``Not later than'' 
            and all that follows through ``the Director'' and inserting 
            ``The Assistant Secretary''.
            (F) Section 214 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2521 note) 
        is amended by striking ``unless the'' and all that follows 
        through ``ensures'' and inserting ``unless the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering ensures''.
        (3) Assistant secretary of defense for operational energy plans 
    and programs.--Section 2925(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Director of'' and 
        inserting ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)(G), by striking ``Director'' both 
        places it appears and inserting ``Assistant Secretary''.
    (d) Cross-reference Amendments in Title 10.--Title 10, United 
States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 1722b(c) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``subsections (b)(2)(A) 
        and (b)(2)(B)'' and inserting ``subsections (b)(1)(A) and 
        (b)(1)(B)''; and
            (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``1734(d), or 1736(c)'' 
        and inserting ``or 1734(d)''.
        (2) Section 1787(b) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``section 3(1)'' and inserting ``section 
        3''; and
            (B) by striking ``42 U.S.C. 5102'' and inserting ``Public 
        Law 93-247; 42 U.S.C. 5101 note''.
        (3) Section 2382(b)(1) is amended by inserting ``of the Small 
    Business Act (15 U.S.C. 657q(c)(4))'' after ``section 44(c)(4)''.
        (4) Section 2474(d) is amended by striking ``section 2667(d)'' 
    and inserting ``section 2667(e)''.
        (5) Section 2548(e)(2) is amended by striking ``section 103(f) 
    of the Weapon Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009 (10 U.S.C. 
    2430 note),'' and inserting ``section 2438(f) of this title''.
        (6) Section 2925 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``section 533'' and 
        inserting ``section 553''; and
            (B) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``section 139b'' and 
        inserting ``section 138c''.
    (e) Date of Enactment References.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
        (1) Section 1564(a)(2)(B) is amended by striking ``the date of 
    the enactment of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2011'' in clauses (ii) and (iii) and inserting 
    ``January 7, 2011''.
        (2) Section 2216a(e) is amended by striking ``on the last day 
    of'' and all that follows and inserting ``on September 30, 2015.''.
        (3) Section 2359b(k)(5) is amended by striking ``the date that 
    is five years after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
    inserting ``January 7, 2016''.
        (4) Section 2649(c) is amended by striking ``During the 5-year 
    period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Ike Skelton 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011'' and 
    inserting ``Until January 6, 2016''.
        (5) Section 2790(g)(1) is amended by striking ``on or after the 
    date of the enactment of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011'' and inserting ``after 
    January 6, 2011,''.
        (6) Sections 3911(b)(2), 6323(a)(2)(B), and 8911(b)(2) are 
    amended by striking ``the date of the enactment of the Ike Skelton 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011'' and 
    inserting ``January 7, 2011,''.
        (7) Section 10217(d)(3) is amended by striking ``after the end 
    of the 2-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
    subsection'' and inserting ``after January 6, 2013''.
    (f) Other Miscellaneous Amendments to Title 10.--Title 10, United 
States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 113(c)(2) is amended by striking ``on'' after 
    ``Board on''.
        (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 4 is 
    amended by striking the item relating to section 133b.
        (3) Paragraph (3) of section 138(c), as added by section 314(a) 
    of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 
    (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1357), is transferred to appear at 
    the end of section 138c(c).
        (4) Section 139a(d)(4) is amended by adding a period at the 
    end.
        (5) Section 139b(a)(6) is amended by striking ``propriety'' and 
    inserting ``proprietary''.
        (6) The item relating to section 225 at the end of the table of 
    sections at the beginning of chapter 9 is transferred to appear 
    after the item relating to section 224.
        (7) Section 401(d) is amended by striking ``Committee on 
    International Relations'' and inserting ``Committee on Foreign 
    Affairs''.
        (8) Section 843(b)(2)(B)(v) (article 43 of the Uniform Code of 
    Military Justice) is amended by striking ``Kidnaping,,'' and 
    inserting ``Kidnaping,''.
        (9) Section 920(g)(7) (article 120 of the Uniform Code of 
    Military Justice) is amended by striking the second period at the 
    end.
        (10) Section 983(b)(1) is amended by striking ``or Secretary'' 
    and inserting ``or the Secretary''.
        (11) Section 1086(b)(1) is amended by striking ``clause (2)'' 
    and inserting ``paragraph (2)''.
        (12) Section 1142(b)(10) is amended by striking ``training,,'' 
    and inserting ``training,''.
        (13) Section 1143(a) is amended by inserting after ``Coast 
    Guard'' the following: ``when it is not operating as a service in 
    the Navy''.
        (14) Section 1143a(h) is amended by inserting after ``Coast 
    Guard'' the second place it appears the following: ``when it is not 
    operating as a service in the Navy''.
        (15) Section 1145(e) is amended by inserting before the period 
    at the end the following: ``when the Coast Guard is not operating 
    as a service in the Navy''.
        (16) Section 1146(b) is amended by inserting before the period 
    at the end the following: ``when the Coast Guard is not operating 
    as a service in the Navy''.
        (17) Section 1149 is amended by inserting after ``Coast Guard'' 
    the following: ``when it is not operating as a service in the 
    Navy''.
        (18) Section 1150(c) is amended by inserting after ``Coast 
    Guard'' the second place it appears the following: ``when it is not 
    operating as a service in the Navy''.
        (19) Section 1401(a) is amended by striking ``columns 1, 2, 3, 
    and 4,'' in the matter preceding the table and inserting ``columns 
    1, 2, and 3,''.
        (20) Section 1599a(a) is amended by striking ``National 
    Security Act'' and inserting ``National Security Agency Act''.
        (21) Section 1781(a) is amended--
            (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``Director'' and 
        inserting ``Office'';
            (B) in the first sentence, by striking ``hereinafter''; and
            (C) in the second sentence, by striking ``office'' both 
        places it appears and inserting ``Office''.
        (22) Section 1790, as added by section 8070 of division A of 
    Public 112-74 (125 Stat. 822), is amended--
            (A) by striking the section heading and inserting the 
        following:
``Sec. 1790. Military personnel citizenship processing'';
            (B) by striking ``Authorization of Payments.--'';
            (C) by striking ``title 10, United States Code'' and 
        inserting ``this title'';
            (D) by striking ``8 U.S.C. Sec. Sec.  1439'' and inserting 
        ``8 U.S.C. 1439''; and
            (E) by striking ``sections 286(m) and (n) of such Act (8 
        U.S.C. Sec.  1356(m))'' and inserting ``subsections (m) and (n) 
        of section 286 of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1356)''.
        (23) Section 2006(b)(2) is amended by redesignating the second 
    subparagraph (E) (as added by section 109(b)(2)(B) of Public Law 
    111-377 (124 Stat. 4120), effective August 1, 2011) as subparagraph 
    (F).
        (24) Section 2318(a)(2) is amended by striking ``section 
    1705(b) and (c)'' and inserting ``subsections (b) and (c) of 
    section 1705''.
        (25) Section 2350m(e) is amended by striking ``Not later than 
    October 31, 2009, and annually thereafter'' and inserting ``Not 
    later than October 31 each year''.
        (26) Section 2401 is amended by striking ``the Committee on 
    Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate 
    and the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Appropriations of the House of Representatives'' in subsections 
    (b)(1)(B) and (h)(1) and inserting ``the congressional defense 
    committees''.
        (27) Section 2438(a)(3) is amended by inserting ``the senior'' 
    before ``official's''.
        (28) Section 2461(d)(2) is amended by striking ``that Act'' and 
    inserting ``such section''.
        (29) Section 2533a(k) is amended by striking ``FedBizOps.gov'' 
    and inserting ``FedBizOpps.gov''.
        (30) Section 2548 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) by striking ``Not later than'' and all that follows 
            through ``the Secretary'' and inserting ``The Secretary''; 
            and
                (ii) by adding a period at the end of paragraph (3);
            (B) in subsection (d)--
                (i) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and'' 
            after ``Performance'' the second place it appears; and
                (ii) by striking ``Beginning with fiscal year 2012, 
            the'' and inserting ``The''; and
            (C) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``, United States 
        Code,''.
        (31) Section 2561(f)(2) is amended by striking ``Committee on 
    International Relations'' and inserting ``Committee on Foreign 
    Affairs''.
        (32) Section 2601a(a)(1) is amended by inserting after ``Coast 
    Guard'' the first place it appears the following: ``when it is not 
    operating as a service in the Navy''.
        (33) Section 2687(f) is amended by striking ``at a result'' and 
    inserting ``as a result''.
        (34) Section 2687a is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Foreign relations'' 
        and inserting ``Foreign Relations''; and
            (B) in subsection (b)(1)--
                (i) by striking the comma after ``including''; and
                (ii) by striking ``The Treaty'' and inserting ``the 
            Treaty''.
        (35) Section 2835 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by inserting after ``Coast Guard'' 
        the following: ``when it is not operating as a service in the 
        Navy''; and
            (B) in subsection (g)(1), by inserting after ``Coast 
        Guard'' the following: ``when it is not operating as a service 
        in the Navy''.
        (36) Section 2836 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by inserting after ``Coast Guard'' 
        the following: ``when it is not operating as a service in the 
        Navy''; and
            (B) in paragraphs (4)(B) and (11) of subsection (c), by 
        inserting after ``Coast Guard'' the following: ``when it is not 
        operating as a service in the Navy''.
        (37) Section 3201(a) is amended by striking ``(beginning with 
    fiscal year 1999)''.
        (38) Section 4342 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (b)--
                (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``clause'' both 
            places it appears and inserting ``paragraph''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (5), by striking ``clauses'' and 
            inserting ``paragraphs'';
            (B) in subsection (d), by striking ``clauses'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs''; and
            (C) in subsection (f), by striking ``clauses'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs''.
        (39) Section 4343 is amended by striking ``clauses'' and 
    inserting ``paragraphs''.
        (40) Section 6954 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (b)--
                (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``clause'' both 
            places it appears and inserting ``paragraph''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (5), by striking ``clauses'' and 
            inserting ``paragraphs''; and
            (B) in subsection (d), by striking ``clauses'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs''.
        (41) Section 6956(b) is amended by striking ``clauses'' and 
    inserting ``paragraphs''.
        (42) Section 9342 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (b)--
                (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``clause'' both 
            places it appears and inserting ``paragraph''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (5), by striking ``clauses'' and 
            inserting ``paragraphs'';
            (B) in subsection (d), by striking ``clauses'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs''; and
            (C) in subsection (f), by striking ``clauses'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs''.
        (43) Section 9343 is amended by striking ``clauses'' and 
    inserting ``paragraphs''.
        (44) Section 9515(b) is amended by striking ``required by'' and 
    all the follows through ``2008'' and inserting ``required by 
    section 356 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2008''.
        (45) Section 10217(c)(3) is amended by striking ``consider'' 
    and inserting ``considered''.
    (g) Repeal of Expired Provisions.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
        (1) Section 1108 is amended--
            (A) by striking subsections (j) and (k); and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (l) as subsection (j).
        (2) Section 2325 is amended by striking subsection (b) and 
    redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
        (3) Section 2349a is repealed, and the table of sections at the 
    beginning of subchapter I of chapter 138 is amended by striking the 
    item relating to that section.
        (4) Section 2374b is repealed, and the table of sections at the 
    beginning of chapter 139 is amended by striking the item relating 
    to that section.
    (h) Amendments to Title 37.--Title 37, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
        (1) Section 310(c)(1) is amended by striking ``section for 
    for'' and inserting ``section for''.
        (2) Section 431, as transferred to chapter 8 of such title by 
    section 631(d)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1460), is 
    redesignated as section 491.
        (3) Section 501(a)(5) is amended by striking ``a reserve a 
    component'' and inserting ``a reserve component''.
    (i) Amendment to Title 46.--Section 51301(a) of title 46, United 
States Code, is amended in the heading by striking ``IN General'' and 
inserting ``In General''.
    (j) Duplicative Provision in Armed Forces Retirement Home Act of 
1991.--Section 1511(d) of the Armed Forces Retirement Home Act of 1991 
(24 U.S.C. 411(d)) is amended by striking the first paragraph (3), 
leaving the second paragraph (3) added by section 561 of Public Law 
112-81 (125 Stat. 1420).
    (k) Cross References and Date of Enactment References in 
Reinstatement of Temporary Early Retirement Authority.--Section 4403 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 
102-484; 10 U.S.C. 1293 note), as amended by section 504(b) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
112-81; 125 Stat. 1391), is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``1995 ('' and 
        inserting ``1995 (Public Law 103-337;''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``1995'' and inserting 
        ``1996'';
        (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``the date of the enactment 
    of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012'' 
    and inserting ``December 31, 2011,''; and
        (3) in subsection (i)(2), by striking ``the date of the 
    enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2012'' and inserting ``December 31, 2011,''.
    (l) Correction of Erroneous Amendment Instructions.--Effective as 
of August 10, 2012, and as if included therein as enacted, section 
2(c)(3) of Public Law 112-166 (126 Stat. 1284) is amended by striking 
``Selective Service Act of 1948'' and inserting ``Military Selective 
Service Act''.
    (m) Coordination With Other Amendments Made by This Act.--For 
purposes of applying amendments made by provisions of this Act other 
than this section, the amendments made by this section shall be treated 
as having been enacted immediately before any amendment made by other 
provisions of this Act.
SEC. 1077. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON RECOGNIZING AIR MOBILITY COMMAND ON ITS 
20TH ANNIVERSARY.
    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
        (1) On June 1, 1992, Air Mobility Command was established as 
    the Air Force's functional command for cargo and passenger 
    delivery, air refueling, and aeromedical evacuation.
        (2) As the lead Major Command for all Mobility Air Forces, Air 
    Mobility Command ensures that the Air Force's core functions of 
    global vigilance, power, and reach are fulfilled.
        (3) The ability of the United States to rapidly respond to 
    humanitarian disasters and the outbreak of hostilities anywhere in 
    the world truly defines the United States as a global power.
        (4) Mobility Air Forces Airmen are unified by one single 
    purpose: to answer the call of others so they may prevail.
        (5) The United States' hand of friendship to the world many 
    times takes the form of Mobility Air Forces aircraft delivering 
    humanitarian relief. Since its inception, Air Mobility Command has 
    provided forces for 43 humanitarian relief efforts at home and 
    abroad, from New Orleans, Louisiana, to Bam, Iran.
        (6) A Mobility Air Forces aircraft departs every 2 minutes, 365 
    days a year. Since September 11, 2001, Mobility Air Forces aircraft 
    have flown 18.9 million passengers, 6.8 million tons of cargo, and 
    offloaded 2.2 billion pounds of fuel. Many of these flights have 
    assisted combat aircraft protection United States forces from 
    overhead.
        (7) The United States keeps its solemn promise to its men and 
    women in uniform with Air Mobility Command, accomplishing 186,940 
    patient movements since the beginning of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
        (8) Mobility Air Forces Airmen reflect the best values of the 
    Nation: delivering hope, saving lives, and fueling the fight.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, on the 
occasion of the 20th anniversary of the establishment of Air Mobility 
Command, the people of the United States should--
        (1) recognize the critical role that Mobility Air Forces play 
    in the Nation's defense; and
        (2) express appreciation for the leadership of Air Mobility 
    Command and the more than 134,000 active-duty, Air National Guard, 
    Air Force Reserve, and Department of Defense civilians that make up 
    the command.
SEC. 1078. DISSEMINATION ABROAD OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 
1948.--Section 501 of the United States Information and Educational 
Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1461) is amended to read as follows:


                         ``general authorization

    ``Sec. 501.  (a) The Secretary and the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors are authorized to use funds appropriated or otherwise made 
available for public diplomacy information programs to provide for the 
preparation, dissemination, and use of information intended for foreign 
audiences abroad about the United States, its people, and its policies, 
through press, publications, radio, motion pictures, the Internet, and 
other information media, including social media, and through 
information centers, instructors, and other direct or indirect means of 
communication.
    ``(b)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary and the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors may, upon request and reimbursement of 
the reasonable costs incurred in fulfilling such a request, make 
available, in the United States, motion pictures, films, video, audio, 
and other materials disseminated abroad pursuant to this Act, the 
United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 6201 et 
seq.), the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act (22 U.S.C. 1465 et seq.), or 
the Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act (22 U.S.C. 1465aa et seq.). Any 
reimbursement pursuant to this paragraph shall be credited to the 
applicable appropriation account of the Department of State or the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors, as appropriate. The Secretary and the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors shall issue necessary regulations--
        ``(A) to establish procedures to maintain such material;
        ``(B) for reimbursement of the reasonable costs incurred in 
    fulfilling requests for such material; and
        ``(C) to ensure that the persons seeking release of such 
    material have secured and paid for necessary United States rights 
    and licenses.
    ``(2) With respect to material disseminated abroad before the 
effective date of section 1078 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2013--
        ``(A) the Secretary and the Broadcasting Board of Governors 
    shall make available to the Archivist of the United States, for 
    domestic distribution, motion pictures, films, videotapes, and 
    other material 12 years after the initial dissemination of the 
    material abroad; and
        ``(B) the Archivist shall be the official custodian of the 
    material and shall issue necessary regulations to ensure that 
    persons seeking its release in the United States have secured and 
    paid for necessary United States rights and licenses and that all 
    costs associated with the provision of the material by the 
    Archivist shall be paid by the persons seeking its release, in 
    accordance with paragraph (4).
    ``(3) The Archivist may undertake the functions described in 
paragraph (1) on behalf of and at the request of the Secretary or the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors.
    ``(4) The Archivist may charge fees to recover the costs described 
in paragraphs (1) and (2), in accordance with section 2116(c) of title 
44, United States Code. Such fees shall be paid into, administered, and 
expended as part of the National Archives Trust Fund.
    ``(c) Nothing in this section may be construed to require the 
Secretary or the Broadcasting Board of Governors to make material 
disseminated abroad available in any format other than in the format 
disseminated abroad.''.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section, or in the 
United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 (22 
U.S.C. 1431 et seq.), may be construed to affect the allocation of 
funds appropriated or otherwise made specifically available for public 
diplomacy or to authorize appropriations for Broadcasting Board of 
Governors programming other than for foreign audiences abroad.
    (c) Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 
1987.--Section 208 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1986 and 1987 (22 U.S.C. 1461-1a) is amended to read as follows:
    ``SEC. 208. CLARIFICATION ON DOMESTIC DISTRIBUTION OF PROGRAM 
      MATERIAL.
    ``(a) In General.--No funds authorized to be appropriated to the 
Department of State or the Broadcasting Board of Governors shall be 
used to influence public opinion in the United States. This section 
shall apply only to programs carried out pursuant to the United States 
Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1431 et 
seq.), the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (22 
U.S.C. 6201 et seq.), the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act (22 U.S.C. 
1465 et seq.), and the Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act (22 U.S.C. 
1465aa et seq.). This section shall not prohibit or delay the 
Department of State or the Broadcasting Board of Governors from 
providing information about its operations, policies, programs, or 
program material, or making such available, to the media, public, or 
Congress, in accordance with other applicable law.
    ``(b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to prohibit the Department of State or the Broadcasting Board 
of Governors from engaging in any medium or form of communication, 
either directly or indirectly, because a United States domestic 
audience is or may be thereby exposed to program material, or based on 
a presumption of such exposure. Such material may be made available 
within the United States and disseminated, when appropriate, pursuant 
to sections 502 and 1005 of the United States Information and 
Educational Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1462 and 1437), except that 
nothing in this section may be construed to authorize the Department of 
State or the Broadcasting Board of Governors to disseminate within the 
United States any program material prepared for dissemination abroad on 
or before the effective date of section 1078 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013.
    ``(c) Application.--The provisions of this section shall apply only 
to the Department of State and the Broadcasting Board of Governors and 
to no other department or agency of the Federal Government.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--The United States Information and 
Educational Exchange Act of 1948 is amended--
        (1) in section 502 (22 U.S.C. 1462)--
            (A) by inserting ``and the Broadcasting Board of 
        Governors'' after ``Secretary''; and
            (B) by inserting ``or the Broadcasting Board of Governors'' 
        after ``Department''; and
        (2) in section 1005 (22 U.S.C. 1437), by inserting ``and the 
    Broadcasting Board of Governors'' after ``Secretary'' each place it 
    appears.
    (e) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect and apply on 
the date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
section.
SEC. 1079. COORDINATION FOR COMPUTER NETWORK OPERATIONS.
    (a) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a briefing on the interagency process for coordinating and de-
conflicting full-spectrum military cyber operations for the Federal 
Government.
    (b) Elements.-- The briefing required under subsection (a) shall 
include a description of each of the following:
        (1) The business processes and rules governing the interagency 
    process for coordinating and de-conflicting full-spectrum military 
    cyber operations.
        (2) The membership and responsibilities of such interagency 
    process.
        (3) The current status of interagency guidance clarifying roles 
    and responsibilities for full-spectrum military cyber operations.
        (4) Plans for implementing the planning and guidance from such 
    interagency process.
    (c) Budget Justification Documents.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees dedicated budget 
documentation materials to accompany the budget submissions for fiscal 
year 2015 and each subsequent fiscal year, including a single 
Department of Defense-wide budget estimate and detailed budget planning 
data for full-spectrum military cyberspace operations. Such materials 
shall be submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified 
annex.
SEC. 1080. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURES OF 
CLASSIFIED INFORMATION.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) unauthorized disclosures of classified information can 
    threaten the national security and foreign relations of the United 
    States;
        (2) the Department of Defense has taken positive steps toward 
    improving its policies, procedures, and enforcement mechanisms 
    regarding unauthorized disclosures of classified information and 
    should continue to improve upon such policies, procedures, and 
    enforcement mechanisms;
        (3) other departments and agencies of the Federal Government 
    should undertake similar efforts, if such departments and agencies 
    have not already done so; and
        (4) the Department of Justice should investigate possible 
    violations of Federal law related to unauthorized disclosures of 
    classified information, including disclosures related to military, 
    intelligence, and operational capabilities of the United States and 
    allies of the United States and, in appropriate cases, individuals 
    responsible for such unauthorized disclosures should be prosecuted 
    to the full extent of the law.
SEC. 1081. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO REPEAL STATUTORY REFERENCES TO 
UNITED STATES JOINT FORCES COMMAND.
    Title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1)(A) Section 232 is repealed.
        (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 9 is 
    amended by striking the item relating to section 232.
        (2) Section 2859(d) is amended--
            (A) by striking paragraph (2); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).
        (3) Section 10503(13)(B) is amended--
            (A) by striking clause (iii); and
            (B) redesignating clause (iv) as clause (iii).
SEC. 1082. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS WHO ARE 
GRADUATES OF UNITED STATES EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS WITH ADVANCED 
DEGREES IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS.
    It is the sense of Congress--
        (1) that the Department of Defense should make every reasonable 
    and practical effort to increase the number of United States 
    citizens who pursue advanced degrees in science, technology, 
    engineering, and mathematics; and
        (2) to strongly urge the Department of Defense to investigate 
    innovative mechanisms (subject to all appropriate security 
    requirements) to access the pool of talent of non-United States 
    citizens with advanced scientific and technical degrees from United 
    States institutions of higher education, especially in those 
    scientific and technical areas that are most vital to the national 
    defense (such as those identified by the Assistant Secretary of 
    Defense for Research and Engineering and the Armed Forces).
SEC. 1083. SCIENTIFIC FRAMEWORK FOR RECALCITRANT CANCERS.
    Subpart 1 of part C of title IV of the Public Health Service Act 
(42 U.S.C. 285 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
``SEC. 417G. SCIENTIFIC FRAMEWORK FOR RECALCITRANT CANCERS.
    ``(a) Development of Scientific Framework.--
        ``(1) In general.--For each recalcitrant cancer identified 
    under subsection (b), the Director of the Institute shall develop 
    (in accordance with subsection (c)) a scientific framework for the 
    conduct or support of research on such cancer.
        ``(2) Contents.--The scientific framework with respect to a 
    recalcitrant cancer shall include the following:
            ``(A) Current status.--
                ``(i) Review of literature.--A summary of findings from 
            the current literature in the areas of--

                    ``(I) the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of 
                such cancer;
                    ``(II) the fundamental biologic processes that 
                regulate such cancer (including similarities and 
                differences of such processes from the biological 
                processes that regulate other cancers); and
                    ``(III) the epidemiology of such cancer.

                ``(ii) Scientific advances.--The identification of 
            relevant emerging scientific areas and promising scientific 
            advances in basic, translational, and clinical science 
            relating to the areas described in subclauses (I) and (II) 
            of clause (i).
                ``(iii) Researchers.--A description of the availability 
            of qualified individuals to conduct scientific research in 
            the areas described in clause (i).
                ``(iv) Coordinated research initiatives.--The 
            identification