[Congressional Bills 103th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[S.J. Res. 45 Engrossed in Senate (ES)]

103d CONGRESS

  1st Session

                             S. J. RES. 45

_______________________________________________________________________

                            JOINT RESOLUTION

     Authorizing the use of United States Armed Forces in Somalia.
103d CONGRESS
  1st Session
S. J. RES. 45


_______________________________________________________________________


                            JOINT RESOLUTION


 
     Authorizing the use of United States Armed Forces in Somalia.

Whereas an estimated 300,000 Somalis reportedly have died of hunger or as 
        casualties of widespread violence since the fall of Siad Barre in 
        January 1991;
Whereas international relief agencies had been unable to deliver adequate 
        assistance to those most in need due to increasingly difficult and 
        dangerous security conditions, including pervasive banditry and looting;
Whereas Congress has expressed its support for a greater United Nations role in 
        addressing the political and humanitarian situation in Somalia through 
        Senate Resolutions 258 and 132 and House of Representatives Resolution 
        370;
Whereas the United Nations Secretary General and United States officials had 
        concluded that massive intervention in Somalia would be necessary to 
        avert further starvation on this scale;
Whereas the United Nations Security Council on December 3, 1992, enacted 
        Resolution 794, authorizing the use of ``all necessary means to 
        establish as soon as possible a secure environment for humanitarian 
        relief operations in Somalia'';
Whereas President Bush began deploying United States armed forces on December 8, 
        1992, in response to United Nations Resolution 794;
Whereas more than 20,000 American servicemen and women are now in Somalia under 
        Operation Restore Hope and have been joined by troops from many other 
        nations;
Whereas President Bush has emphasized that United States Armed Forces will be 
        withdrawn and that the security mission will be assumed by the United 
        Nations' UNOSOM operation as soon as a ``secure environment'' for the 
        delivery of food has been created; and
Whereas, on December 10, 1992, President Bush formally reported to Congress on 
        the deployment of United States Armed Forces in Somalia: Now, therefore, 
        be it
    Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 
States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This joint resolution may be cited as the ``Authorization for Use 
of United States Armed Forces in Somalia''.

SEC. 2. AUTHORIZATION FOR USE OF UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Authorization.--The President is authorized to use United 
States Armed Forces pursuant to United Nations Security Council 
Resolution 794 in order to implement the Resolution, which authorizes 
the use of ``all necessary means to establish as soon as possible a 
secure environment for humanitarian relief operations in Somalia''.
    (b) War Powers Resolution Requirements.--Consistent with section 
8(a)(1) of the War Powers Resolution, the Congress declares that this 
section is intended to constitute specific statutory authorization 
within the meaning of section 5(b) of the War Powers Resolution.

SEC. 3. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    (a) United Nations Peacekeeping Forces.--It is the sense of 
Congress that the President should consult with the Secretary General 
of the United Nations and with the other member countries of the United 
Nations Security Council to ensure that peacekeeping forces from other 
countries of the United Nations continue to be deployed in Somalia to 
maintain a secure environment and to allow United States Armed Forces 
to transfer the mission to a United Nations-led force at the earliest 
possible date.
    (b) Measures of Self-Protection.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the President should make every effort to ensure that United States 
Armed Forces serving in Somalia as part of a United Nations-led force 
are permitted to take all reasonable measures to protect themselves.
    (c) Assessment of Costs.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
President should submit a report to Congress providing an assessment of 
the costs of Operation Restore Hope, indicating the costs assessed to 
the United States, the United Nations, and other countries and related 
organizations involved in the operation.

SEC. 4. REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

    Not later than September 1, 1993, the Secretary of State and the 
Secretary of Defense shall jointly submit to Congress a report on the 
introduction and commitment of United States Armed Forces into combat 
situations. This report shall include--
            (1) a specific review of the goals of United States policy 
        in Somalia and an outline of objective criteria which will 
        enable the United States to evaluate when those goals are 
        achieved;
            (2) a review of all actions taken to ensure that United 
        States material contributions to United Nations forces in 
        Somalia are counted against United States assessments in 
        Somalia;
            (3) a review of United States international interests and 
        their correlation to the commitment of United States Armed 
        Forces;
            (4) a description of the factors to be used in evaluating 
        future commitments of United States combat forces;
            (5) specifically, a review of the many situations in the 
        world where there are intense humanitarian needs and a means of 
        evaluating what elements, when present, would permit these 
        situations to rise to a level of importance necessary for the 
        commitment of United States combat forces; and
            (6) considerations which will affect whether United States 
        Armed Forces will be permitted to be engaged as a portion of an 
        international peacekeeping force, including--
                    (A) United States command of United States troops;
                    (B) equitable financial contributions of nations so 
                engaged; and
                    (C) the right of United States combat forces to 
                defend themselves throughout all levels of conflict.

            Passed the Senate February 4 (legislative day, January 5), 
      1993.

            Attest:






                                                             Secretary.